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University

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POET HEANEY HONORED BY FACULTY

GPSC MEETS TO DISCUSS BOARD OF TRUSTEES

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The Chronicle T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

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XXXXXDAY, MMMM WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER XX, 2, 2013 2013

ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH NINTHYEAR, YEAR,ISSUE ISSUEXXX 28

Gov’t shutdown DukeOpen wraps statues in bid for transparency impact depends on duration by Georgia Parke The ChroniCle

Duke administrators believe the government’s shutdown will have little to no impact on the University, assuming it does not go on for too long. The United States government shut down Tuesday at midnight for the first time in 17 years due to the failure of Democrats and republicans in both chambers to reach a consensus on an appropriations bill. Duke will be mostly unaffected by the shutdown, said Christopher Simmons, associate vice president for federal relations. Because the shutdown applies only to federal government agencies, the impact on the University will be indirect and limited to only those who interact with the affected agencies, he said, such as researchers receiving grants. Many departments, including financial aid, will be minimally affected, he said. “The shutdown probably isn’t going to last that long, and students and faculty will [likely] not even notice [the impact],” Simmons said. Funding interrupted no additional grants will be given to the University from the federal government while the shutdown persists, but grants that have already been received will not be taken away. Alison rabil, assistant vice provost and director of financial aid, said that influx of aid will not change during the shutdown. “it should not be affected. loans can still go out and come in and Pell grants have been drawn down,” rabil wrote in an email Tuesday. “Work study students are still going to be paid, so i don’t think the shutdown will have any effect on the federal funding that students are receiving.” Although most students will not see changes in financial aid, the office of the University registrar reported on its Facebook page late Tuesday afternoon that tuition assistance for See shUTDoWn, page 5

by Carleigh Steihm and Emma Baccellieri The ChroniCle

in an effort to promote endowment transparency, student coalition Dukeopen

wrapped two of the University’s most prominent statues in opaque black plastic Tuesday. The two-fold approach began shortly after 11:00 a.m. Tuesday morning and si-

multaneously covered the statues of James B. Duke and Benjamin Duke on West and east Campuses, respectively. But both coverings were removed at different points during the day. The east Campus tarp was See DUKeoPen, page 5 PHiLiP CATTeRALL/The ChroniCle

Bme students explore life on $2 a day by Ray Li

The ChroniCle

Students participating in an annual biomedical engineering project were required to limit their spending to $14 per week. Under the guidance of Professor robert Malkin, director of engineering World health and the Global Public Service Academies, students enrolled in Design for the Developing World (BMe 462) were allotted an average daily budget of $2 for the past week. informally dubbed “poverty week”, the assignment aims to help prospective biomedical engineers better understand the scarce lifestyles

and living conditions they are planning to design solutions for. “Since everyone in this class is designing for a customer who is impoverished, it is important to understand what it is like to be poor,” Malkin said. Students were asked to find ways to reduce their expenses to less than $2 a day for food, transportation and entertainment. Food included everything they ate or drank, excluding tap water. These restrictions extended to things paid for by third parties, meaning anything consumed at events or donated by friends still counted. Public transportation

like the city or campus buses were permitted, but in all other cases the cost of gasoline was factored in. entertainment included anything directly paid for—watching television on campus was allowed, for example. Senior Kevin Ge said he resorted to eating whatever cheap foods he could scrounge up on West campus. “i had never lived with such restrictions on my spending before,” he wrote in an email Monday. “i had to figure out ways to consume a diet that was cheap and somehow filling.” See PoVeRTy WeeK, page 12


2 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013

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The Chronicle

Professors honor Seamus Duke uses health homes to Heaney at poetry reading provide patient-centric care by Audree Steinberg The Chronicle

RinzinDorjee/The Chronicle

President Richard Brodhead read Seamus Heaney’s “VII” and “Audenesque” at the poetry reading Tuesday.

by Emma Baccellieri The Chronicle

Community members gathered to honor the late poet Seamus Heaney with a reading of his works in Goodsen Chapel Tuesday afternoon. Students, professors and administrators alike—including President Richard Brodhead—read selections of Heaney’s work aloud in a relatively simple gathering that celebrated his career as a renowned poet. Heaney died August 30 at the age of 74. “He may well be remembered as one of the most important poets in English language in the tradition,” said Michael Moses, associate professor of English and one of the organizers of the event.

Poems were chosen from across Heaney’s career, as was a selection from his translation of “Beowulf.” Brodhead noted that although each speaker was able to choose poems independently, no two speakers chose the same poem. “It’s a simple affair, but I hope an inspiring one,” said Moses, who taught a course on Heaney’s poetry last semester. Several speakers discussed the relationship between Heaney’s work and his Irish heritage, particularly the ways in which he used poetry to express the violence of The Troubles in Northern See heaney, page 12

Duke is looking to revolutionize health care through community health homes, with the eventual goal of decreasing dependence on hospitals. The Duke University Health System is among leaders in a national movement based on the establishment of patient-centered medical homes—centers that provide health resources for communities and bridge the gap between a local doctor’s office and a hospital. In six North Carolina counties, Duke operates community health homes that provide a network of services including social workers, dietitians and informational classes, said Dr. Lloyd Michener, chair of the department of community and family medicine. With this network, physicians anticipate that patients will have fewer unnecessary hospital visits. “There’s a lot of hospital care that’s preventable and that we should be trying to prevent, and that’s pretty radical,” Michener said. The initiative works to improve the patient experience through organizing care and communication, said Audrey McKinnon, health center administrator for the Division of Community Health. “A lot of doctor’s offices are moving towards this model to make sure that patient care is more coordinated with more communication to make sure that patients don’t fall through the cracks,” McKinnon said. The success of these health homes is starting to generate national buzz, Michener said, adding that the idea for community health homes originated in North Carolina about 15 years ago. “We are the heart of the health home

model,” Michener said. “We are now working with just about every state to see how we can do these models with other states.” In an effort to further this goal, Duke is working with the de Beaumont Foundation on an online tool that will help public health practitioners and public care providers understand some of the strategies that would be useful for effective health care, said Brian Castrucci, program director of the foundation. The service, called Public Health and Primary Care Together: A Practical Playbook, will be universally accessible via the internet. The idea for community health homes evolved from North Carolina’s desire to save money, Michener said. Hospitals are much more expensive than these community health homes, which are potentially cost-effective because fewer people will need to go to the hospital. The concept of medical homes for primary care groups was proposed to North Carolina with the explicit goal of reducing preventable admissions to the hospitals—and so far it has been a success, Michener said. Savings have accelerated every year since the homes were implemented, he added. “A lot of the work you can do on integrating primary care and public health is very cheap,” Michener said. “It’s things like calling your local health care director and working on costs together. It doesn’t cost more than the price of lunch.” Most of the funding for the community clinics comes from the Health Resources and Services Administration—a federal agency See homes, page 12

CONGRATULATIONS!

Sophomore Nazli Gurdamar has her picture taken with Jim Wilkerson, Director of Trademark Licensing & Stores Operations. Nazli was one of the lucky winners of two tickets to the Duke vs Pitt football game played on September 21.

Did you miss out? There will be more opportunities like this. Just stop by the University Store located in the Bryan Center and see what the ‘buzz’ is all about.


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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013 | 3

PAC Bootstraps raises awareness on Triangle literacy issues by Molly Howard The ChroniCle

lining streets with gibberish signs like “YrnT SQZP APX,” political action commitee Bootstraps aims to bring awareness to literacy issues among public school children in the Triangle area. After a group of Triangle-area mothers decided that they had to leave the public school system to find tutors for their children, they were inspired to create a political action committee that would heighten political awareness for problems in the education system. Bootstraps’ mission is to address education issues with a bipartisan volunteer-based approach, said founder Mary Carey. She noted, however, that the group has faced obstacles promoting these issues in the Triangle area because of its reputation as a center for research and education. “We don’t think of our area as uneducated,” Carey said. “Yet there are tens of thousands who are essentially locked out of an education because they can’t read their class materials.” Based on analysis of the state reading comprehension test results—which show that about 42 percent of Durham Public Schools third graders read below grade level—the mothers decided that socioeconomic status played the largest role in failing scores. “You see the scores, and you see the options,” Carey said. “it strikes me as elitist… We’re basically saying if you can afford it, your kids can learn to read and if not, they’re stuck.” in Chapel hill-Carrboro schools, 18 percent of third graders failed the reading test in 2011 and 51 percent of students from that area coming from low-income

GRAPHIC BY RITA LO /THE CHRONICLE

PAC Bootstraps attempts to address educational issues in the Triangle areas, as parents are concerned for the future education of their children.

families received failing scores. This early indicator of low academic achievement leads to a cycle of illiteracy and poverty, Carey said, adding that third graders who fail reading tests are four times more likely to drop out of high school.

This trend can hinder students past the high school level. According to a study by the American educational research Association, 75 percent of third graders who fail the reading test will never learn to read at grade level.

Freshman leo lou, a volunteer with the Kenan institute of ethics, said it is important that students prepare for their future education from a young age. “The public school system gets overshadowed by the great universities in the area,” lou said. “it’s important to keep in mind that elementary schools are responsible for preparing students for these top institutions.” Carey noted that Bootstraps is trying to raise awareness past the public sphere and into the political one. The organization’s mission is to represent “children who can’t read and are too ashamed to speak for themselves,” especially during local elections. “not knowing how to read hurts the individual, but it also impacts society as a whole,” Carey said. “We all have a stake in this problem.” The idea of community outreach is not exclusive to Bootstraps—Duke students can also help with literacy issues through programs such as America reads and Counts, which pays students through Federal Work Study to tutor local students in subjects such as reading and math at nearby elementary schools. north Carolina native and Duke freshman noah Triplett chose to volunteer at local schools because of his experience in the public school system. “There just aren’t enough resources at most public schools,” Triplett said. “The teachers try their best but just need a little extra help—which is where volunteer tutors come in.” Bootstraps hopes to achieve its goal of seeing a Triangle with every adult educated, with the help of volunteers in programs like these.

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GRAD SCHOOL COVERAGE

GPSC discusses Board of Trustees’ role in student life by Carleigh Steihm The ChroniCle

The Board of Trustees should be an asset to all students, University Secretary richard riddell announced at the Graduate and Professional Student Council General Assembly Meeting. The GPSC General Assembly will be responsible for electing the next Graduate Young Trustee of the Board in the Spring, riddell said. he added that it is important that representatives understand the impact of this role. “You’ve got to like Duke to be a good Board member,” riddell said. “it is a lot of work.” he added that the position of Young Trustee is incredibly valuable to the University, as they help to keep the Board aware of the interests of graduate and professional students. “There has been a long history of cooperation between GPSC and the Board of Trustees,” riddell said. This year the Board will be looking extensively at the Divinity School, riddell said. he added that the graduate schools are typically looked at on a rotating schedule. in February, Board members are taking a retreat trip to Stanford University. “Most Boards look at how they are doing in relation to their peers, and Stanford is a peer that we often look at,” riddell said. When asked for specific areas that the Board often disagrees on, he said he was not at liberty to provide details—though he noted that issues of student debt and Duke Kunshan University have lead to very deep discussion. “it is rare that a vote is taken and there is need to record the vote numbers,” riddell said, adding that the Board reaches consensus on most issues. As the Board prepares to transition into a new provost—who riddell hopes will be hired early in the winter—important issues will continue to move fluidly, riddell said. Board proceedings are kept confidential for 50 years, riddell said, adding that access can only be granted to the minutes by the

Q& A

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4 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013

chairman of the Board. he stressed that GPSC representatives must be sure to respect this confidentiality when serving on the Board’s standing committees. In other business: laila roudsari, vice president of the engineering and Graduate Student Council, presented information on the Mahato Memorial event. The event honors Abhijit Mahato, a former student in the Pratt School of engineering who was murdered in 2008. Although the keynote speaker has not been decided upon yet, roudsari encouraged the representatives to attend the Dec. 5 event. A key feature of the event promotes the unity between science, engineering and the arts—a goal that Mahato valued dearly, roudsari said. Students can submit entries to the photography competition until oct. 15. Yumian Deng, Trinity ’13, won last year’s photography competition with a picture— taken in a bathroom in the Kilgo Quadrangle—shows water droplets refracting light as they exit the showerhead. The General Assembly approved representatives to fill all of the open spaces in university committees. Student life Co-Chair Ben Shellhorn, a second year student in the law School, said he is working to provide events that students want to attend—including some familyfriendly options.

Check out Grad school coverage every Wednesday

with Tony Wang

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Tony Wang discusses his experience as a student enrolled in a joint degree program.

Approximately 25 percent of students in the School of Law are enrolled in a joint degree program—the most of any other peer law school in the country. The Chronicle’s Tim Bai interviewed Tony Wang, a fourth year JD/MBA student graduating this year, to discuss his experiences in a jointdegree program. The Chronicle: What was your reason for choosing a joint degree program? Tony Wang: i wasn’t sure whether i wanted to practice law, or go into business, specifically start-ups. So i thought having the dual degree would give me options. But i also felt that unlike most fields you get into, if you do a startup, having the legal side would actually help you even though you wouldn’t be practicing law. if you go work in a law firm doing start-up work, having the business degree would also be pretty useful. TC: So both of the degrees can help out in both of the settings? TW: Typically—and this is a little bit specific to the JD/MBA—if you go to work in a law firm, the MBA most likely won’t be that helpful. But if you work in a law firm that does a lot of business work, specifically if you do startup work, having the MBA actually helps a lot. The firm that i’m headed to is one of the few firms that actually gives you a bonus or seniority based on the fact that you have an MBA. The reason why it’s valuable is that when you’re providing legal advice to start-ups that are not only looking for legal advice, but also looking for general business advice—how should i be raising money, when should i be raising money, what kind of liability will i face if i do X, Y, Z—someone who graduates from law school will be able to answer [these questions] over time. But if you have an MBA you’re better able to understand the context for which these entrepreneurs ask their questions. TC: After having studied at Duke, is there a certain path you’re more interested in? TW: After the first year, i was still very unsure, but after the second year it was pretty clear i wanted to practice law. This past summer, after my third year, i spent at a law firm. Typically the summer before your fourth year you would choose which path you would take. if you wanted to go work in the field of law you would go work in a law firm. if you wanted to work at a start-up or if you wanted to work in business or banking, you would go recruit for one of those jobs. So i recruited for a law firm and will be headed to a law firm after i graduate. TC: how have the education and opportunities at Duke contributed to your career

aspirations? TW: There a lot of programs here at Duke that support entrepreneurship. Specifically at the law school and business school, there are tons of opportunities for getting involved in entrepreneurship. on the legal side, i’ve worked with the Start-Up Ventures Clinic. on the business side, i’ve taken courses on entrepreneurial finance and venture capital private equity. All these opportunities mixed together in the joint degree definitely helped prepare me to represent start-up clients like Tumblr, etsy, Union Square Ventures. With all these clients, when we’re working on legal issues that have a business dimension, by having the training for both programs i’m able to provide better advice as an attorney. TC: What are some of the challenges you’ve faced with the joint degree program? TW: At Fuqua we have things called concentrations where you can specialize in a particular field—entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship and finance—and you need take a number of specific courses in order to attain that concentration. With the joint degree you’re able to take [fewer] units at both programs because it’s a condensed program. instead of the typical five years you’d take for JD and MBA separately, it’s four years. Trying to fulfill those requirements can be a little tougher, scheduling’s also a little bit tougher. i’m in my final year. i’m taking courses both at the law school and the business school and luckily for me scheduling hasn’t been too difficult, but during orientation when you’re recruiting for one school and not another, the timelines might not be matched up perfectly so you might run into tensions there. TC: Who would you recommend to pursue the joint degree program? TW: i think anyone who wants flexibility, or in finance they call it optionality. By pursuing both degrees, if you’re not sure what you want to do but you’re interested in pursuing a career in either field, having those kinds of options are helpful. That being said, if you’re able to narrow down your options before investing a whole bunch of money into a joint degree program, it’s probably better to do it that way. i would even more so recommend to folks who want to have an interdisciplinary practice. if you’re going to be an MD/MBA, if you want to be a manager of a hospital, but also understand what it’s like to actually practice medicine, then the MD/MBA makes sense. if you’re going to be, in my case, working with start-ups and doing a lot of business type stuff while you’re at a law firm, then the JD/MBA makes a lot of sense. Making sure the joint degree is necessary to what you eventually want to do is a good place to start.


shUtDown from page 1 Veteran students has been suspended. Post9/11 Gi Bill and and Montgomery Gi Bill beneficiaries, however, will remain unaffected. Vice Provost for research James Siedow said the operations of agencies Duke interacts with, such as the national Science Foundation and the national institutes of health, will dictate how some research is funded at Duke during the shutdown. Although live nih personnel will be unavailable and new grant proposals will not be reviewed, the agency will have an automated data management system that will allow researchers to drawdown, or claim, the funding they are scheduled to receive, he said. The nSF, however, is not allowing any drawdowns to occur. Siedow said that Duke researchers are free to continue to do work with money they have already received but will not be able to claim anything further from the nSF. “As long as there is money in the grant you can go ahead and continue working,” he said. “normally, we do research and periodically make a request for money. As we do work we get paid from the feds. Duke is going to backstop the money. [We can] go ahead and do the work and the payment will catch up after.” Barbara Wise, associate director of the office of undergraduate scholars and fellows, said that research students applying for grants should not stop work on their grant proposals even if they will not be reviewed immediately. “The hope is that the shutdown will be over by the grant deadline,” Wise wrote in an email Tuesday. “My suggestion is that students continue working on their applications offline so that they can meet the original deadline since we do not know if it will be extended when the government goes back to work. “ Simmons said he believes that Duke hospital will not face funding issues and all Medicare and Medicaid insurance funding for patients will continue to come through. The national endowment for the humanities will halt its core functions, including application processing and review as well as doling out grant payments. Srinivas Aravamudan, professor and dean of humanities, said he does not think the neh’s closure will cause large disruptions in the operations of the humanities departments unless the shutdown drags on. “of course, were this shutdown to go on for a long time, it might have an impact on our humanities faculty who are often successful with winning external funding and grants, including neh grants—[which is] not to mention the effect of a long-term shutdown on the economy, which will affect everybody including humanists,” Aravamudan said in an email Tuesday. A ticking clock The effects of the shutdown on scientific research projects will also depend heavily on its duration, Siedow said. he showed concern for a prolonged shutdown, noting that more than a few weeks of grant proposal inaction could cause problems with research scheduling, as grants already take six to nine months to be approved and appropriated from the time they are submitted. Additionally, researchers will not be able to interact with their project managers at the federal agencies during the shutdown, limiting their ability to receive approval for any changes to their research spending. “The longer it lasts, the further things are going to get pushed back,” Siedow said. “if it all gets pushed back too far you can’t get [funding] until somewhat later when you run out of money.” The duration of the shutdown is yet to be determined, said David rohde, ernestine Friedl professor of political science. Congress could attempt to pass a series of bills to reopen parts of the government in the interest of public relations, he said, but to delegate funding to the entire government is another matter. on Tuesday night, the house of represen-

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tatives failed to pass a bill to appropriate funding to veterans services, the city of Washington D.C. and the national parks. “each side has different priorities,” rohde said. “it’s hard to tell until we see exactly who is hurt and how much. The more influential segments of the population that have influence on both parties might get the first attention.”

DUke openfrom page 1 taken down by groundskeepers in the early afternoon—but was replaced following conversations between Dukeopen and administrators—and the West Campus wrapping was removed by students at night, said senior Jacob Tobia, one of the Dukeopen leaders. “Statues are emblems of our identity and what we stand for,” said another Dukeopen leader Bobo Bose-Kolanu, a second-year doctoral student in literature. “Currently, this is what we stand for—without transparency, you can’t see Duke.” Dukeopen has been gradually making its way through administrative processes since the Spring. Vice President and University Secretary richard riddell said that the proposal will “most likely” be presented by President richard Brodhead at the Board’s meeting this weekend, The Chronicle previously reported. As the group of students on West Campus cut the black plastic sheet and painted a blue Dukeopen sign, several construction workers—perched in the highest windows of the library—watched the ongoing process. Before the task concluded at 11:55 a.m., several more students had joined the group. The scene on east Campus was similar, with passersby stopping to watch Benjamin Duke get obscured by plastic. The demonstration is part of a push to gain support for the coalition’s cause, along with a student petition that has garnered more than 2,000 signatures, Bose-Kolanu said. After Dukeopen discovered the wrapping had been taken down on east, organization members spoke with administrators about the tarp removal. The group was permitted to re-wrap the statue following a meeting with Zoila Airall, assistant vice president of student affairs for campus life. “We had a minor snafu that was a result of poor communication between our group and the grounds managers,” senior lucas Spangher wrote in an email Tuesday. “But we have resolved those issues and the administration understands that these actions are not vandalism, but are meant as political protest.” According to the Pickets, Protests and Demonstrations section of the Student Code of Conduct, members of the academic community may “join together to demonstrate their concern by orderly means,” so long as they refrain from “disruptive picketing, protesting or demonstrating on Duke University property or at any place in use for an authorized university purpose.” The code notes that students planning a protest or demonstration should contact the University Center for Activities and events before doing so. The group was careful not to leave any permanent marks on the statue, Tobia said. he added that their goal was not to vandalize nor create excess work for Duke maintenance teams. The group will take the plastic down themselves following the Board of Trustees meeting this weekend. late Tuesday night, however, the tarp on West Campus was removed. Tobia said that a bystander noticed a group of four students removing the wrapping at around 11 p.m. he added that the organization is unsure whether they plan to rewrap the statue. “We look forward to continued action throughout the week, but we would be overjoyed for the administration to make these actions unnecessary by agreeing to a more transparent endowment,” Bose-Kolanu said. As of 10 p.m. Tuesday, Tobia had received no administrative feedback on the demonstration. “This is just step one,” he said.

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013 | 5

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NEWS AND NOTES FROM NETS CAMP

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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013

MEN’S SOCCER

New year, same result

Blue Devils drop home match to UNC-Wilmington by Aaron Kupin THE CHRONICLE

A late goal buries the Blue Devils again. Coming off a painful loss to Notre Dame, Duke conceded another late game-winner and fell 2-1 to UNC-Wilmington Tuesday night at Koskinen StaUNCW 2 dium for its first nonDUKE 1 conference loss of the season. Seahawk midfielder Jamie Dell beat defender Sebastien Ibeagha in the 79th minute and chipped the ball right over goalkeeper Alex Long for the decisive tally. “It was our best player against maybe their best player,” Duke head coach John Kerr said. “Unfortunately [Dell] got the best of him on that play. It was a great finish.” Hoping to avenge last year’s downfall to the Seahawks, the Blue Devils (4-4-2) simply were not able to create many scoring opportunities against a tough UNC-Wilmington (5-31) defense that came into the contest allowing 1.19 goals a game. The Blue Devils’ first-half struggles this season continued, as they were only able to muster one shot in the game’s opening 45 minutes. Despite this, the game remained a scoreless draw at the half, as goalkeeper Alex Long registered three pivotal saves to keep the game level, including a diving stop in a 1-on1 situation and a hard knock of the ball right over the crossbar. A Duke team that has scored 12 of its 14 goals in the second half or later once again came out aggressively in the following period, creating chance after chance in hopes of breaking through. The Blue Devils have taken 30 more shots than opponents in the second half of games this season. “We were trying to get forward quicker, and we did that to an extent,” Kerr said. “We put them under pressure a bit, and it didn’t

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013 | 7

MEN’S BASKETBALL

Plumlee returns with Nets by Bobby Colton THE CHRONICLE

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Freshman Brody Huitema tallied another second-half goal for Duke, but the Blue Devils fell for the second straight year to UNC-Wilmington. work out in terms of the opportunities.” UNC-Wilmington struck first when Dell dribbled the ball near the post on the end line, forcing Long’s attention towards him, and then fired it into the middle where junior Jacob Vancompernolle easily volleyed it home in the 64th minute. Vancompernolle would get a yellow card for excessive celebration, but the 1-0 score line remained. This ignited a Duke squad that hasn’t been shut out all year. When Seahawk goalkeeper Sam Williams misfired his punt to Duke sophomore Luis Rendon standing a few feet outside the penalty box, freshman Brody Huitema capitalized. He took a through ball from Rendon and then rocketed his shot into the upper right corner to even the game in the 77th minute.

But the Seahawks regained the lead just two minutes later, marking the sixth straight game for the Blue Devils decided in the final 15 minutes. “It’s a disappointing loss. We got what we deserved,” Kerr said. “Wilmington outplayed us tonight.” Set pieces have been Duke’s bread and butter this season, but despite amassing eight corner kicks in the second half, the Blue Devils just couldn’t find the back of the net. Trying for his second goal of the game, Huitema—Duke’s leading scorer—took a corner from fellow freshman Seo-In Kim and had a header that ricocheted off the crossbar in

Seeing Mason Plumlee putting up shots at the Michael W. Krzyzewski Center has been a normal occurrence for the past four years. But Monday, Plumlee traded in his Duke blue for black and white. With the Brooklyn Nets’ training camp being held at Duke, Plumlee was awarded the opportunity to start his NBA career back at the school where he averaged 17.1 points and 10.0 rebounds as a senior in 2012-13. Although he’s back at his old stomping grounds, the new Brooklyn forward is in Durham to work. His first challenge is catching up to players who already have a familiarity with each other and the coaching staff, all while adjusting to a quicker pace at the professional level. “It’s a lot of talking through things, terminology, picking stuff up,” Plumlee said. “Especially with [Nets assistant coach Lawrence] Frank—some of the guys played with him in Boston, so some guys have a feel for him. I have to be sharp mentally and pick up what they’re saying.” The forward also understands that there are things he can learn off the court that will help him stick in the NBA. Brooklyn’s veteran-laden roster includes eight players with eight or more years of NBA service, including six with 10-plus years and two with more than 15 years in the league. “Watch how they take care of their bodies,” See PLUMLEE, page 9

See M. SOCCER, page 9

FOOTBALL

Gov’t shutdown jeopardizes Duke-Navy by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

The impacts of Tuesday’s government shutdown in the United States have trickled into the realm of collegiate athletics. With the shutdown at 12:01 Tuesday morning, intercollegiate athletics at Army, Navy and Air Force have been suspended by the U.S. Department of Defense. Duke is slated to face Navy Oct. 12 in its next home contest. Duke has yet to release a statement regarding the status of its game against Navy or potential alternatives that could be scheduled in its place. Should the Midshipmen be unable to make the trip to Durham, the game would not count as a forfeit victory for the Blue Devils, but rather be dubbed as no contest, which

would not count as a victory for Duke or a win toward the six required for bowl eligibility. The Blue Devils are 2-0 against nonconference opponents this season. Without a game against Navy, Duke’s road to a second consecutive bowl appearance for the first time in program history only gets tougher. The Midshipmen cancelled their men’s soccer match against Howard Tuesday night. An official statement regarding the status of this weekend’s scheduled football game against Air Force is set to be made Thursday at noon, per the team’s press release. A local NBC affiliate in Denver reported Tuesday afternoon that Air Force had suspended its travel plans to play Navy Saturday. According to an Air Force press release, Saturday’s game will be cancelled.

No plans have yet been release to schedule another opponent for Oct. 12 should Navy be unable to make the trip. Army is slated to play Eastern Michigan the same weekend, and Air Force will take on San Diego State. When the U.S. government last shut down, beginning with a five-day period in November 1995, all three service academies played their games the day before the shutdown ended. The difference that year was that Army, Navy and Air Force all played at home on that weekend. Road travel is considered nonessential by the Defense Department and could not be funded by a government-run institution during the shutdown. Army and Air Force were both originally slated to play on the road this weekend.

ELYSIA SU/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

After leading the Blue Devils to the Elite Eight in his senior season, Mason Plumlee returned to Duke with the Brooklyn Nets.


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Connette for Blue Devils take win streak on the road Heisman? VOLLEYBALL

by Kate Pantano THE CHRONICLE

After capturing their seventh consecutive win to cap off a perfect homestand, the Blue Devils prepare for their first ACC test on the road. Duke continues its ACC schedule Wednesday at 7 p.m. against Notre Dame at Purcell Pavilion in South Bend, Ind. Notre Dame Coming off back-tovs. back wins against Virginia and VirginDuke ia Tech at Cameron Indoor Stadium, the WEDNESDAY, 7 p.m. Blue Devils look to Purcell Pavilion get their first ACC win on the road in their first matchup against one of the conference’s three newest members. Carrying a lofty streak into South Bend, Duke (11-2, 2-0 in the ACC) is trying not to let the streak weigh on its primary goal—winning each match. “We want to learn from where we’ve been and how we’ve performed, but we need to look at Notre Dame just as a next match and not as our eighth win,” Blue Devil head coach Jolene Nagel said. “I want the team to focus in on the next opponent at hand, not what we’ve done in the past or what we’ve accomplished so far. What we want is to compete at our very best against the next opponent.” The Fighting Irish (6-7, 0-2) dropped

their first two ACC matches on the road against N.C. State and North Carolina last weekend. Competing against Notre Dame in ACC play for the first time, the Blue Devils will also face an off-court challenge this week as well, traveling to Indiana for a midweek game and missing class time during a period of the semester chock full of exams. “Its important for us to do well against Notre Dame and get this match as we head out there because we only play them once, but also because it’s a busy time at Duke academically before fall break,” Nagel said. “I hope we can manage all the different things in our world such as eating right and getting enough sleep so that we are ready to compete at our best against Notre Dame.” For a Duke squad that leads the conference in kills and assists per set, getting off to a hot start will be crucial. Sophomore Emily Sklar led the Blue Devils Saturday against Virginia Tech by notching 13 kills. Sklar’s presence along with outside hitter Jeme Obeime will play a major factor against a Notre Dame defense that ranks second-to-last in the conference in digs. After recording 14 digs in her last contest, senior libero Ali McCurdy will have her hands full against Notre Dame’s top two offensive threats, outside hitter Toni Alugbue and middle blocker Jeni Houser.

SPORTS

To manage the Fighting Irish, the Blue Devils will have to combat an unfamiliar Notre Dame team that holds a 6-1 all-time advantage against Duke. Nagel squared off with Notre Dame five times when she was the head coach at Georgetown from 1992-98. Her Hoyas fell to Notre Dame in all five matches in the span, with a sixth loss coming in 2006, the last time the Fighting Irish and Blue Devils met. “We are not very familiar with Notre Dame because it is their first year in the conference so we haven’t played them in a very long time,” said Nagel. “But we’re on a mission to win.”

ERIC LIN/THE CHRONICLE

Following week five of the college football season, pundits across the nation have ramped up discussion about Heisman Trophy candidates. Now that most teams have at least four games under their belts, players are starting to build the jaw-dropping statistical figures necessary to merit consideration for college football’s greatest individual honor. Some of the names at the top of the lists thus far include quarterbacks Marcus Mariota of Oregon, Johnny Manziel of Texas A&M and Tajh Boyd of Clemson. Louisville’s Teddy Bridgewater and Georgia’s Aaron Murray also sit close to the top of many early-season Heisman rankings. If I were to say that Brandon Connette’s name should also sit atop these Heisman lists, people might think me a crazy person. But just for discussion’s sake, let’s look at how Connette’s numbers this season stack up to some other Heisman contenders. Through five games this year, Connette has thrown for 1,022 yards and 11 touchdowns, completing 64.1 percent of his passes. His 11 passing touchdowns are tied for the 11th-most in the nation. Murray has also thrown 11 touchdowns, while Boyd and Mariota only have nine passing touchdowns apiece. Connette has also racked up 259 rushing yards and six touchdowns on the ground. Only 11 players in all the BCS have more than six rushing touchdowns thus far, and none of those players are quarterbacks. Connette has as many scores on the ground as Murray, Bridgewater and Manziel combined. Duke has posted 180 points this season—Connette is responsible for 102 of them. Only Oregon State’s Sean

Senior Ali McCurdy led Duke with 14 digs in its last victory against Virginia Tech.

See ON FOOTBALL, page 9

Zac Elder On Football

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from page 8

Mannion and Utah State’s Chuckie Keeton have scored more points for their teams. Manziel, who currently sits at either No. 1 or No. 2 on the majority of Heisman rankings, also has 102 points to his name this season. Bridgewater, Marieta and Murray only have 84 points scored this season. When analyzing these gaudy numbers, keep in mind that Connette didn’t even start the first two games of the season, although he did see significant action against N.C. Central in the season opener and played almost three full quarters against Memphis in week two. Anthony Boone threw for 275 yards and also scored two rushing touchdowns in five quarters of play before going down with a collarbone injury against the Tigers. Presumably some of that production would have fallen to Connette, thus improving his statistical numbers, had he been the starter from day one. Connette is scoring points for the Blue Devils at a rate similar to that of Peyton Manning, a David Cucliffe product from his days at Tennessee, for the Denver Broncos. But Connette’s status as a capable quarterback is, curiously enough, still up in the air. On top of his monster touchdown numbers, Connette also has six interceptions to his name this season, good enough to tie for the seventh-most thrown by any BCS quarterback. Four of those interceptions, including one returned for a touchdown, came in a week four loss to Pittsburgh. After Connette assumed the role as full-time starter with Boone sidelined by injury, it becamekakuro_395D.txt unclear how Duke’s

offense would perform without its lead signal caller. Connette certainly does not have Boone’s arm strength and has struggled a bit throwing the deep ball. He also does not have the pinpoint short-to-medium range accuracy that 2012 graduate Sean Renfree possessed. But Connette continues to put up big numbers, despite naysayers that criticize his unrefined throwing skills. Yes, Connette still has a long way to go before he should actually be compared to Heisman favorites like Manziel, Boyd or Murray. His decision making is improving—he threw only one interception against Troy after four against the Panthers—but Connette is still not the polished quarterback that we would expect to see when observing huge numbers on the stat sheet. Connette will still let go of some errant passes that end up slightly behind receivers or bouncing off the turf. But Connette has also shown flashes of brilliance, like his completion on third-and-20 to freshman Johnell Barnes last Saturday against the Trojans. With two defensive backs blanketing Barnes, Connette floated the ball beautifully into Barnes’ hands as he streaked down the sideline. The 50yard gain from Duke’s own 18-yard line sparked the Blue Devils’ fourth touchdown drive of the day and increased the lead over Troy to 14 points—a lead the Trojans would not be able to overcome. The jury will likely remain out on Connette for the time being. His offensive numbers are hard to ignore, but also not proof that Connette is an elite quarterback. One thing that is certain, though, is that the new Blue Devil signal caller is improving every week thanks to first-team reps in practice—a scary thought for Duke’s upcoming opponents.

SPORTS

PLUMLEE

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California in 2012 before playing last season with the Canton Charge of the NBA Development League. Regardless of how many rookies are on Brooklyn’s roster, being a 6-foot-10 kid with a multi-million dollar contract makes you a pretty easy target for some rookie hazing. Even though Plumlee was quick to point out that he was kind to the freshmen when he was an upperclassman at Duke, his new NBA teammates don’t seem to care. “[The veterans] are giving me a hard time,” Plumlee said. “Kansas plays Duke this year so I was hearing it from [Tyshawn Taylor] and Paul [Pierce].” Chatter about alma maters was the least of Plumlee’s worries this week, however—he has been presented with a list. “He is a rookie, and unfortunately he is one of the few rookies on this team, so he has to carry that list,” Brooklyn head coach Jason Kidd said. “I heard it was an expensive list too.” Plumlee may be the lowly rookie right now, but as a Blue Devil, he has achieved something that all of his teammates, new and old, strive for each and every day. “I have seen him on a lot of championship pictures around here,” Lopez said. “It makes me a little jealous in that regard.”

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Plumlee answered when asked how he’ll learn from the big men on the Brooklyn roster. “Watch what Kevin [Garnett] would do after workouts, before workouts, even before the season got going. Picking up what they do is valuable.” Plumlee said that during his rookie season, he knows he will not be the focal point of the offense like he was during his collegiate career. Instead, his role will be running, rebounding, bringing energy and playing defense. Though Plumlee has much to learn about the NBA game, he’s already impressed some of his teammates. “He’s very athletic, alert and energetic— and that’s what we need from him—flying around, blocking shots, rebounding and making it tough on the opposing team,” Nets guard Joe Johnson said. One of Plumlee’s biggest fans thus far is a guy he hopes to spell frequently on the court this season—starting center Brook Lopez. “He’s been great,” Lopez said of Plumlee. “One of his goals personally is to be coachable, you know, get out there and bring energy off the bench and do what’s required of him. He’s definitely done that in spades so far. He’s a great athlete, moves well for a big man, from page 7 has a good motor and obviously his basketball IQ—being from Duke and being a smart player—is through the roof.” the 86th minute. Blue Devil defender Alex Alhough reviews of Plumlee have been Sauciuc attempted to level the game with a positive so far, he is still a rookie on one of the putback, but Williams scooped the ball up. most veteran squads in the NBA. After selectDuke conceded its last real chance to ing Plumlee with the 22nd pick in June’s NBA equalize when midfielder Sean Davis curved draft, Brooklyn did not have a second round a free kick just over the crossbar in the 88th pick. The only other rookie even on the team’s minute, to the dismay of the home crowd. Theroster New York Times Syndication Corporation training camp is guard Jorge Gutierrez, Sales “We’re struggling at the moment,” 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 a roster long shot who went undrafted out of Kerr said. For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550

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T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y

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experience learning, by experience Last week, David Scobey, executive dean of the New School for Public Engagement in New York, discussed the importance of long-term civic engagement. The talk forced us to question whether or not students are benefiting from civic engagement and experiential learning opportunities at Duke. What do you think? Duke prides itself on promoting “knowledge in the service of society.” Duke’s primary mission is to educate its students—to help them garner knowledge that will allow them to benefit both themselves and society. Duke considers it to be an important, albeit secondary, mission to encourage students to contribute to society in more immediate ways. Engaging with a community through civic engagement programs, like DukeEngage and others, offers two broad lessons. First, because programs like DukeEngage thrust students into such different environments, they cause students to think critically about their beliefs and behaviors. Ideally, civic engagement would allow students to gain a better understanding of what they are doing, why they are engaging in certain activities, and how these engagements relate to deeper values they hold. Getting dropped in a new environment

requires students to develop new ways of thinking, which foster different kinds of knowledge. Second, civic engagement often requires students to deal with levels of poverty, life issues and ethical dilemmas they may not have previously encountered. Successful civic engagement projects tend to shock

Editorial students into acknowledging their privilege. This nurtures an important lesson in empathy: students learn to stand toe-to-toe with someone they recently met, empower themselves to understand the issues of others and support communities. It is important that civic engagement programs not cause students to feel pity for the communities with which they work. Pity enables students to stand and watch from a distance. Empathy, however, cultivates an engaged mindset and forces students to learn the issues of a community and work with that community to solve them. It can be difficult to quantify or fully determine whether or not students actually learn these lessons. Emotional intelligence is tough to evaluate, and we appreciate when students have the opportunity to

Duke’s position on banning legal concealed handgun carry by permit holders exposes the campus to greater risk of attack and mayhem. You have established a physical zone where only those that ignore firearm prohibition laws will be armed.

Letters PoLicy The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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wo weeks ago, I attended the Petraeus lecture with open ears and a desire to hear from a distinguished public servant about his experience in government. Our generation can’t help but have certain misgivings about anything related to the war in Iraq, but there is always value in hearing about history from those who have lived through it. General Petraeus has, for the entirety of his professional career, put life and limb at risk in the service of this country and for the people who live within it. Regardless of political orientation or ideology, that deserves a measure of respect. Respect doesn’t require acquiescence or dismissal of personal past mistakes, but it does implore an understanding of the environment and the process by which decisions that we disagree with are made. The military life is not an easy one, and the men and woman who serve in uniform are continually expected at a moment’s notice to put their safety and well-being in danger for the service of our democracy, partially so that dissenting voices can be heard. I was disheartened by the response to the lecture among some students who find it easier to ascribe devious, ill-founded and racist motivations to various policy makers rather than try and understand the context in which those decisions are made. This is not an apologia for American policy in the Middle East. Rather this is a call for a higher standard for the criticisms that we level at public officials. Mistakes have been made and numerous tragedies have undoubtedly occurred through our military interventions in the last decade, but to ascribe those outcomes to the intentional design of our nation’s generals and statesmen is beyond naïve. Policy is rarely the product of one individual, and to pin the explosion of drone warfare and the unintentional deaths of noncombatants across the global south on one man betrays a fundamental misunderstanding of how decision-making works in our democracy. Military personnel are responsible for carrying out decisions made by elected civilian officials, not creating their own. Our generals are not responsible for the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq or the increase in drone warfare. The process by which decisions are implemented and military strikes authorized requires the consent of a number of parties—none of whom come into work each day with the intention of ruining lives. What productive end does the death of scores of non-combatants across the Muslim world serve? What individual would recommend such a policy for the United States? Fear and intimidation only go so far in ensuring security. Encouraging a set of policies that purposefully harm civilians would engender a cycle of hatred that ultimately damages the interests of the United States. General Petraeus understood this as commander of the surge in

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reflect on their experiences. It is also important to recognize that knowledge gained in the service of society can come in a variety of forms, including increased personal growth. We believe that these lessons make Duke’s service programs worth the investment for three reasons. First, the opportunity to better understand communities different from one’s own is uniquely valuable, and the lessons gained from civic engagement cannot be learned in a traditional classroom. Second, programs like DukeEngage can change a student’s outlook on his or her past. Contextualizing one’s personal history through civic engagement is more powerful than doing so inside a classroom. Third, talking with people about their life paths allows students to reflect on their own life trajectory. It gives students a chance to reconsider their ideas about their future and to alter their plans accordingly. Experiential learning through programs like DukeEngage should therefore be viewed as more than a short-term experience. They should be viewed as an opportunity to contextualize life interests, privileges, personal histories and future goals. We challenge students to experience learning, by experience.

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carleigh StiehM, University Editor georgia parke, Local & National Editor tony Shan, Health & Science Editor eric lin, Sports Photography Editor rita lo, Design Editor jaMie keSSler, Recess Managing Editor thanh-ha nguyen, Online Photo Editor Matt pun, Sports Managing Editor caitlin MoyleS, Towerview Editor Dillon patel, Towerview Creative Director julian Spector, Special Projects Editor chelSea pieroni, Multimedia Editor glen rivkeeS, Director of Online Operations yeShwanth kanDiMalla, Recruitment Chair julia May, Recruitment Chair barbara Starbuck, Creative Director

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Iraq. The Counter Insurgency Doctrine (COIN) that he helped develop stressed the necessity of providing security and safety to civilians in

Colin Scott the view from carr order to discourage them from supporting an insurgency. The COIN doctrine was a fundamental part in the reduction of violence in Iraq that saw a 45 percent decrease in civilian deaths from the height of the conflict in December 2007. General Petraeus certainly did not seek an increase in the number of civilian causalities during his tenure as commander. Regrettably, violence has returned to Iraq, but the blame does not lie with the former general. Likewise the decision to increase drone warfare primarily rests in the executive branch of our government. Past readers of mine will know that President Obama has, according to the New York Times, “placed himself at the helm of a top secret ‘nominations’ process to designate terrorists for kill or capture, of which the capture part has become largely theoretical.” It makes little sense to blame policy on those whose constitutional duty is implementation, not formulation. Criticism is an important and vital part of the functioning of a democracy. In conjunction with a free press, reasoned argument can help change our world. Critics have a responsibility, however, to speak in specifics and not vague generalities. Alternatives have to be offered and an attempt in good faith must be made to understand why decisions are made rather than ascribing nefarious intentions to unknown motives. Name-calling and hyperbole have a limited role in the dialogue between respectful parties. Such an exercise is intellectually vacuous and engenders more resistance than introspection. There is a legitimate argument to be made about limiting the nature of American involvement in the world, but it can be made in a manner that respects and understands both sides of the issue. This argument, however, needs to be presented in a way that promotes dialogue and conversation rather than foggy allusions to neo-imperialism. To blithely blame General Petraeus and other singular persons for the deaths of non-combatants across the world is unfair. These men and woman who serve our country and implement the policy of our elected officials deserve better. Colin Scott is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Wednesday.


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www.dukechronicle.com commentary

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013 | 11

Growing pains

the socialites

Dissecting the hookup: an observational study

A

BSTRACT This study examines a ritualistic sexual phenomenon that is becoming increasingly prominent on college campuses. Commonly known as “the hookup,” this ambiguous colloquialism is typically used to describe any sexual encounter. For simplicity purposes, here we define it to include anything below-thebelt between participants not in an exclusive relationship.

Chelsea Sawicki Namaste y’all We obtained anecdotal data from a diverse selection of Duke University undergraduates. Observational data was gathered from several popular student locations, including Shooter’s II, Devine’s Pub & Sports Bar and Alpha Theta Eta Pi Manor Compound. With these data, we constructed a comprehensive anatomical outline of “the hookup” and its relevant social and physiological determinants. GENERAL FINDINGS Hookups are highly gendered. Many influential variables were inherently masculine and validating of a gender hierarchy. In 88 percent of the sample population, male participants experienced more pleasure than their female partners. It was not surprising to discover that in 76 percent of the sample population, males dicktated* the execution of each of the five phases of the hookup. 1. The Approach is the initial male-female interaction. In 94 percent of cases, this occurs after 11:07 p.m. This phase varies depending on participants’ relation to one another. We disaggregated the sample population below. § Strangers (38 percent). § Participants know one another but don’t acknowledge it due to “awkwardness” (32 percent). § Friends or acquaintances (20 percent). § F--k buddies*/friends with benefits* (9 percent). 2. The Pursuit, initiated by males 84 percent of the time, indicates an approaching hookup. Alcohol and/or drugs are involved in 94 percent of cases. Drug use was higher at Alpha Theta Eta Pi Manor Compound than other locations. Pursuit peacocking rituals include: § Substance use: the male often offers the female alcohol or drugs as a “social lubricant”. § Mating dance: more common at Shooter’s II than other locations. It can involve: o Dry humping* o DFMO* o In rare cases (2 percent), below-the-belt action. § Vapid conversation: if the noise level is conducive, participants establish a connection based on trivial commonalities. Phrases may include: o “You’re an English major? I read a book once!” o “You’re from Connecticut so you must have seen the new Range Rover.” o “My fourth cousin’s neighbor works at McBain Group and he’s the shit.” 3. The Proposition, initiated by males 84 percent of the time, is a hookup proposal. We found that 92 percent of the time, the proposition is thinly veiled as another activity requiring relocation. Phrases may include: § “It’s getting late.” § “Wanna watch a movie?” § “Let’s drop by my room so I can lend you my LSAT

prep book before I forget.” Regarding a f--k buddy/friend with benefits, this is likely the first phase of the hookup and usually occurs via text messaging. Texts may include: § “You out tonight?” § “I wanna (verb) your (noun) tonight.” § “Heyyyy” 4. The Hookup refers to the sexual encounter. Influential variables include: § Consent: o Some participants had unorthodox ways of giving consent. These may include: not speaking, a high B.A.C. and phrases such as: “I thought we were just going to watch a movie!” o Further research is needed to examine these modern interpretations of consent. § Contraception: o Prior to sex, it is common for the male to ask “are you on the pill?” o This statement signifies an effort to avoid condom usage and implies that both partners lack STIs. It presents evidence as to why the Duke Student Health Center has seen a drastic spike in chlamydia incidence over the past 5 years. § Orgasm: o In 96 percent of cases, hookups ended immediately after the male orgasm. o 85 percent of females surveyed admitted to faking an orgasm. o Males achieved orgasm at 10.2 times the rate of their female partners. 5. The Aftermath refers to the time period between two consecutive hookups. If there is only one hookup, and especially if it is unsatisfactory, the aftermath often seems negative and infinite. Influential variables include: § The morning after: o Was it present? Did participants spend the night together? o If so, did the morning after include a walk of shame or a stride of pride? o Did participants engage in eye contact, conversation or panic? § The 3:00 a.m. getaway: o This occurs in the absence of a sleepover and is often laborious in nature. o Obstacles include: whereabouts of clothing, hookup location, fabricating a plausible excuse and B.A.C. § Future public encounters, especially those occurring sober and in daylight: o Do participants acknowledge one another? o How did participants give consent? o Was the hookup enjoyable? CONCLUSION In essence, many Duke undergraduates experience hookups. Our most significant findings include the gendered nature of the hookup and the unusual ways of consenting. These data suggest that alcohol and drug use is the most influential variable in all phases of the hookup. If we were to repeat the study controlling for alcohol and drug use, we would expect drastically different results. Considering that our sample population was primarily heterosexual, we would also be interested to see how the addition of more homosexual participants influenced our results. *See glossary at www.urbandictionary.com.

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Chelsea Sawicki is a Trinity senior. Her column is part of the weekly Socialites feature and runs every other Wednesday.

W

hen I was nine-years-old, my mom dropped my two brothers and a small backpack crammed with clothes off at my dad’s house. As my brothers walked inside, I proclaimed that I wasn’t leaving the car. After five minutes of crying, arguing and finally compromising, I decided that I’d go inside if my mom came first thing in the morning. She kissed my head and promised to be back before I woke up. After a week of no contact, it was evident that my mom wasn’t returning. My peripheral world was puzzled by her actions. I can remember the “she was such a good mom” whispers of my guidance counselor. By the end of that year, everything in my life had changed. I was

Nourhan Elsayed a world uNveiled now living with my dad, who, to that point, had remained absent from my life. Other than during the moment before my mother left, no one ever saw me shed a tear. Upon recognizing that our lives were about to take a 180-degree turn, my dad encouraged us to maintain as much normalcy as possible. He prompted us to remain grateful to God that we had ended up together. In retrospect, my dad probably did the best thing he could have done for us at that time. We were always encouraged to focus on constructing the most out of the situation at hand. Resultantly, we acclimated quickly to the new life we were now living. Looking back, I’m astonished that, while it seemed everything in our lives was changing, nothing had changed whatsoever. During my senior year of high school, I started to revisit the memory I had of my mother. Before moving on to a new chapter of my life, I wanted to understand the most ubiquitous and unfinished part of my childhood. It soon became obvious that what I needed was to grieve my mom. By the time I accepted that I had emotions that needed to be grieved, I had already arrived on Duke’s campus. Although the typical signs of grief were there, I didn’t know anyone well enough—and no one knew me well enough—to discharge some of the emotions I was hesitantly feeling. Luckily, at the beginning of my Spring semester, my participation in Kathy Rudy’s Baldwin Scholars freshman seminar validated the importance of grief. My interaction with other Baldwin’s allowed me the ability to logically and emotionally make sense of what I was still feeling after nine years of ambiguous absence. With every step along the way, it became clear that letting go of my mother was the only way I would be able to live my life—a life in which I believed myself to be more than the daughter who wasn’t good enough to be loved by her mother. This summer brought clarity, and I was able to make sense of some of the things in my life after having grieved over the memory of my mother. Most notably, I let go of the promise I had once made her that I would become a doctor. I convinced myself that an insult from someone else was unfair, and I walked away from a toxic friendship. This summer, I let myself give up on a task when it became too much to handle. In the past, I would have unconsciously internalized any negative treatment as an accreditation of my faults; I would have refused to fail, because I once thought that doing so would affirm that I was, indeed, unworthy. Last week, I received notice of speculation that my mother may have passed. As I heard this news, I was shockingly unaffected by the loss of the very woman who is often recognized as the most important person in peoples’ lives, and I understand why: I had already grieved over my mother. I had already let go of the pressures she had imposed upon my life. Duke has taught me time and time again that we all carry baggage. We all ache of pains we choose not understand, we all wear scars we choose to perfectly conceal and we all battle wars we don’t even realize we’re battling. And while there is value in leaving the past behind, it’s important that the past be dealt with in order for it to be understood. It’s imperative to acknowledge that strength is more than just dealing with those day-to-day lows. Most importantly, it’s important to acknowledge pain as an opportunity for growth. Nourhan Elsayed is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs every other Wednesday.

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12 | WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 2013

homes from page 2 that runs safety net provider networks—Michener said. Durham also contributes, but at a small deficit. Duke pays the difference as a supporter of the community and as a supporter of its employees, many of whom have families in these areas, Michener said. Although hospitals will still be necessary for traumas and unpredictable diseases, the number of hospitalizations will dramatically decrease if the community health homes become widely used, Michener said. By improving communication and the availability of information, community health homes cut hospital admissions of children with asthma in a rural setting by 70 percent in one year, he added. The community health homes also provide important information to primary care providers. A group meets quarterly to analyze data and compare Durham against other cities and counties. This allows health care providers to assess areas for improvement. For example, Durham still has a growing rate of obesity, while Chicago now reports a decreasing rate in pediatric obesity, Michener said. Through the data acquired, Duke has recognized people with serious health conditions who are simply bouncing between community centers and Duke Hospital. One goal is to further tie these people to the medical homes for continual care, Michener said. In Durham, clinics in Walltown and Lyon Park operate under the community health home model. There is also an initiative to implement clinics in Durham schools, said Eric Nickens, communications manager of Durham County Department of Public Health. “The school-based clinic initiative will be based on a partnership between Duke and Durham County Department of Public Health, and the details are still being ironed out,” Nickens said.

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The theory behind local clinics is that people can choose where they want to go, he added. The clinics are easy and convenient, but they also look and act differently in different communities. The clinics must be welcoming, especially to areas with minority or disadvantaged communities because those are areas with high rates of preventable illness, Michener said, adding that it is important for the clinics to work with communities that are not based in a geographic locale—like age brackets, sexual orientation or ethnic groups. He added that rather than opening more clinics, Duke is focusing on making these patient-centered medical homes more effective. In an aging, overweight population, chronic disease is becoming increasingly prominent. Providing longer-term coverage and specialty care is the next step toward effective health care. The movement is extending beyond national boundaries, Michener said. adding that more than 40 countries—including Singapore, Canada and Australia—are beginning to implement this system of community health homes and more localized health care. “We want to help form local programs that help people be healthy and build on local community resources, and Durham is our home base for doing that,” Michener said. “So what I hope is that over time Durham will become healthier and happier. We want to evolve from a city of medicine to a community of health.”

poverty week from page 1 His diet included noodles, bread and rice, as well as any eggs or cheap vegetables he could find. On a few occasions he settled on eating instant ramen out of an old mug, as purchasing a bowl would have put him over his budget.

Ge also said he noted a difference in his overall health, constantly feeling hungry and tired and having trouble focusing during the day. Malkin said he is familiar with these kinds of stories. In an extreme example, a student became so hungry one year that he resorted to eating out of the trash. But senior Caroline Taylor, who lives off campus in West Village, strictly regimented her lifestyle for the project. She kicked off poverty week with a grocery trip where she spent $12.50 on affordable, filling foods like bananas, rice, cottage cheese, black beans and frozen vegetables. She noted that, although living off campus made the assignment easier, the budget did not leave room for all of her essentials. “It’s a pretty busy week … not having caffeine to get me going in the morning after a few hours of sleep was pretty challenging,” she said. Taylor also experienced temptation in the form of generosity – receiving not one but three care packages from friends and family who didn’t understand that third party purchases still counted towards the spending limit. Malkin tends to ask whether students’ parents encourage them to cheat in this way. Although they may discourage cheating on other assignments, parents have trouble conceptualizing “poverty week” as necessary coursework. Thinking about this difference in perception can be a challenge for some students, he said. But some students discovered that the most difficult part of poverty is not struggling to provide for basic needs like food. “The most difficult part is the social stigma. They can’t go to the bar or to a party with friends, or they can’t eat at the party, for example,” Malkin said. Malkin noted that he hopes the week’s experiences will leave students with a better understanding of the true value of their daily expenditures. “I do consider it a challenge, but one that

The Chronicle should be undertaken—even if only for perspective,” Taylor said. The students’ shared experiences contribute heavily to the value of the assignment, Malkin said. “You cannot experience poverty week on your own. Many students get more out of the sharing of the experience than the experience itself,” Malkin said.

Heaney from page 2 Ireland. A book of Heaney’s poetry is “probably the best guidebook you could have for Northern Ireland,” said Robin Kirk, one of the speakers and the faculty cochair of the Duke Human Rights Center at the Franklin Humanities Institute. “Heaney, like all poets, understood that poetry is about the tradition of language,” Brodhead said. “He was one of the great poets of my lifetime.” In addition to Brodhead, Moses and Kirk, the speakers included Sarah Beckwith, professor of English and professor of theater studies; Gregson Davis, professor of classics and comparative literature; Joseph Donahue, professor of the practice of English; Tong Xiang, Trinity ’13 and junior Shannon Potter. The reading concluded with a surprise for the audience—rather than reading the poem “Field of Vision” as was written on the program, Moses instead played a recording of Heaney himself reading his poem “Funeral Rites.” “There’s something about the sound of spoken poetry,” Brodhead said.

October 2, 2013  
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