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Revived group advocates for worker rights

ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH NINTHYEAR, YEAR,ISSUE ISSUEXXX 24

Duke offense surges past Troy

by Sasha Zients THE CHRONICLE

After several years on hiatus, United Students Against Sweatshops has returned to Duke with a new mission. USAS has had two meetings thus far, during which they have discussed participating in a national USAS campaign to improve working conditions in Bangladesh in the wake of a major factory collapse there this spring. In 2006, Duke’s USAS chapter successfully advocated for several University decisions to improve working conditions of Duke apparel manufacturers, but the group petered out when student leaders graduated. “This year we’re focusing on the Bangladesh campaign because it’s the top priority of USAS, nationally-speaking,” said Zoe Willingham, a freshman who co-organizes the group. “We’re hoping that next year we can focus on campus workers’ rights and on the state and local level as well.”

38 DUKE by Nick Martin THE CHRONICLE

Although it was Duke’s defense that clinched the game in the fourth quarter for the Blue Devils, it was the offense that stepped up in the first half, registering 28 points and keeping the lead away from Troy. After losing to Pittsburgh in a 58-55

TROY 31

shootout last week, Duke’s offense was determined not to be outscored against a Troy team that was held to seven points in the Trojans’s last game. The offense grabbed a first-quarter lead Saturday and never let go on its way to a 38-31 victory. “We came out on offense the first two series and went three-and-out trying to find a

rhythm,” redshirt junior quarterback Brandon Connette said. “But once we found our rhythm we just got on a roll. It was four straight drives with touchdowns, and you can’t really ask for much more than that on offense.” See FOOTBALL, page 8 DARBI GRIFFITH/THE CHRONICLE

See USAS, page 12

Quarterback Brandon Connette accounted for three touchdowns through the air and two more on the ground in Saturday’s 38-31 win.

pride parade enters 29th year by Anne Straneva THE CHRONICLE

JON BEDELL/THE CHRONICLE

The North Carolina Pride Parade held a 5k race for the first time this year.

The North Carolina Pride Parade and Festival took place this Saturday in the hopes of promoting increased unity and visibility for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered community. The festival, North Carolina’s annual LGBT event, celebrated its 29th year and 13th consecutive year at the University. The weekend slate of events, held in Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill, culminated Saturday on Duke’s

East Campus with the 8:30 a.m. Pride Run & Walk 5k and 1 p.m. parade. The race, which was officially added for the first time this year, was conducted around the East Campus Trail. The parade wound a loop around the campus, going so far as 9th street. Madhatter Bakeshop and Cafe, located on the corner of Main and Broad Street, served as the center of the day’s events. The day was viewed through a rainbow lens of flags, feathered boas, suspenders, See PRIDE RUN, page 9


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The sights and sounds of Homecoming 2013

The Chronicle’s Annie Straneva spoke with visiting alumni, students and others about their thoughts on the annual Homecoming festivities this weekend. I feel they should make it a bigger deal as a festive event. Increased publicity would get more people involved.

After a fifth stressful week of classes at Duke, Homecoming weekend was an opportunity to take a break from it all. From Oktoberfest to President Brodhead’s Dance to epic frat parties to the Troy game, the University and its affiliated organizations certainly gave us a chance to do just that.

Hallie Aston, first-year

Yifan ye/The Chronicle

Students and alumni danced the night away to live music at the homecoming dance Saturday.

Hans Riess, first-year

Yuyi Li/The Chronicle

Alumni and graduate students attended a reception prior to the homecoming dance Saturday.

It’s always flabbergasting and wonderful to see how many people come back. People just can’t get enough of this place. jennie xu/The Chronicle

President Richard Brodhead

Students particiated in Football Gameday before the homecoming Duke-Troy football game Saturday.

CONGRATULATIONS!

Isaiah Davies, a first year med student has his picture taken with Angela Bowling, Marketing Manager for Duke University Stores. Isaiah was one of the lucky winners of two tickets to the Duke vs Pitt football game played on September 21.

Did you miss out? There will be more opportunities like this. Just stop by the University Store located in the Bryan Center and see what the ‘buzz’ is all about.

OPERATION: Stores Administration PUBLICATION: Ch


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MONday, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013 | 3

It has been so great seeing a lot of old friends from 2012 and 2013, but the best part has been eating at all my favorite Durham restaurants. Sarah Omenitsch, Pratt ‘12

SanaL GaGRani/The ChroniCle

Students and alumni explored Duke’s Immersive Virtual Environment Friday.

It has been so great seeing a lot of old friends from 2012 and 2013, but the best part has been eating at all my favorite Durham restaurants.” Sarah Omenitsch, Pratt ‘12

Homecoming weekend is great for a plethora of reasons. First of all, it’s a TFM. Secondly, alums come back for fun and tomfoolery. That’s nice. Also, the dance is always a great opportunity to show off your dance moves to that girl you’re crushing on. Yifan Ye/The ChroniCle

President Richard Brodhead takes a break from the homecoming festivities to take a picture with his wife, Cindy.

DUKE SUMMER READING PROGRAM ACCEPTING NOMINATIONS Please submit your suggestions for the Class of 2018 summer reading! The Book Selection Committee will choose this year’s text based on the following criteria:

• Prompts stimulating debate and lively discussion • Resonates with incoming students • Encourages thought and personal reflection • Enriches the intellectual life of students Submit your nominations online at: http://studentaffairs.duke.edu/new-students Submissions deadline is October 15, 2013

Past Selections

Class of 2017 • Class of 2016 • Class of 2015 • Class of 2014

jOn BeDeLLThe ChroniCle

The North Carolina Pride Parade and Festival celebrated its 13th consecutive year at Duke Saturday.

Win Holt, sophomore

NOTHING

TASTES BURRITOS COSMIC as good as

from

cosmic cantina

Menu Sampling

Old School Veggie Burrito Regular Chicken Burrito Cheese Quesadilla Chicken Quesadilla VeggieNachos Chips & Salsa

Open until 4 am

$2.86 $5.65 $1.41 $3.59 $4.12 $2.06

1920 1/2 Perry St. at Ninth Street Just a block from East Campus Also serving from Chick-Fil-A on West Campus


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4 | MONday, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013

Faculty members share experiences with MOOCs by Carleigh Steihm THE CHRONICLE

jennifeR SeKaR/The ChroniCle

Students and alumni attended the grand opening of the new Center for Sexual and Gender Diversity, which featured speeches by alumni.

CSGD celebrates opening with alumni and students by Grace Wang THE CHRONICLE

The Center for Sexual and Gender Diversity held its grand opening on Sept. 27, welcoming alumni, students and administrators alike. The center—previously known as the LGBT Center and located in the basement of West Union—moved to the top floor of Bryan Center at the beginning of this academic year. “The new location is a lovely one,” said President Brodhead, who gave a speech in support of the center. “Symbolically, you heard about the interpretations people have about it being visible and prominent—next to the Chapel, just off the Main Quad. That’s a lovely symbolism, and hopefully it’s accurate.” The grand opening is on the same weekend as Homecoming and North Carolina Pride Parade and Festival. “It just so happens that the homecoming weekend falls on the same weekend as the parade weekend,” Director of the Center Janie Long said. “We are going to have a lot of alums in

town, and they played such a great role in getting us to this place—it just seems like there really was no other choice but to have it this weekend, because they are so important to us.” The grand opening featured multiple guest speakers, including Tom Clark, Trinity ’69, the first openly gay president of the Duke Alumni Association and the first openly gay trustee of the University. Clark traced the major milestones of the LGBT group at Duke through history, and drew parallels between the civil rights movements in the black community and LGBT community. “In 1963, when the first black student admitted to Duke University arrived, the LGBT members on campus were either invisible or dispelled,” Clark said. The University has come a long way from having the Duke Gay and Lesbian Alliance de-chartered by Duke Student Government in 1983 due to legal See GRAND OPENING, page 12

 

A panel lead by faculty discussed their experiences in teaching courses online Friday morning. The forum was a response to an April meeting of the Arts and Sciences Council that voted against a motion to adopt online courses for credit. Subsequently, the University’s contract with 2U—an online education company—was broken. “The April resolution of the Arts and Sciences Council encouraged the faculty and council to encourage and support faculty that are experimenting with online teaching and learning,” said Thomas Robisheaux, chair of the council. All of the professors that spoke had developed and taught a Massive Open Online Course. “The faculty really want to and need to know what we are currently doing with online learning,” Robisheaux said. Orin Starn, professor and chair of the cultural anthropology department, said he was eager to try teaching an online class. Before he began developing his MOOC, however, Starn said that he had not considered the ethical implications of working in an online forum, nor had he realized how much work would go into producing the course. “It is a nightmare just how hard it is to teach these classes,” Starn said. He estimated that it took 20 times more effort to complete the lessons for his MOOC than for his in-person course. MOOCs are an exciting learning option, Starn said, noting, however, that it cannot compare to the value of a face-toface lesson. “The whole experience was really time consuming, and really too much for me,” Starn said. Open online classes offer a more democratic learning process where students have access to Duke-quality education, regardless of socioeconomic standing or high school grades, Starn said.

“Online education is this big word that encompasses so many things going on that it is a mistake to jump from MOOCs to for-credit courses to everything else that is going on,” Starn said. Although his experience with MOOCs was mixed, Starn is choosing to teach the course again and is looking forward to it. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Chauncey Stillman professor of practical ethics, said that in his experience, the second time a professor runs a MOOC is much easier than the first. “I don’t think the advent of online education represents this thing that we need to be ultra-suspicious about,” Starn said. Ronen Plesser, associate professor of physics, said that teaching his MOOC was a “very exciting” experience. “It took me 600 hours because—since there is no audience response—I felt like I had to sharpen all of my arguments to the strength of a textbook,” Plesser said. He added that this allows professors the ability to “crowd-source” information in a similar fashion to the way they can on campus. “Every discussion becomes an open discussion, and these discussions were amazing,” Plesser said. Despite receiving negative feedback from her colleagues at other schools about teaching writing online, Denise Comer, assistant professor of the practice in writing, is choosing to teach her introductory writing MOOC for a second time. Last year more than 80,000 students enrolled, around 12,000 completed the class. Comer utilized extensive peer grading sheets and Google Hangout sessions to engage her students in the course. To test her own product, Comer enrolled as a student under a pseudonym. She said that the peer feedback she received was fantastic, though she knew See MOOCS, page 12

A Poetry Reading to honor Irish poet and Nobel laureate

Seamus Heaney (1939-2013)

Readers will include President Richard H. Brodhead, Sarah Beckwith, Gregson Davis, Michael Valdez Moses, Duke students, and alumni. Reception to follow.  

Free and open to the public. Parking is available in the Bryan Center Parking Garage.  

Tuesday, October 1, 4:30 PM Goodson Chapel Duke Divinity School

Sponsored by the Duke University Department of English and the Office of the President  

Alice Notley Poetry Reading Mon. Oct 7th 7 pm McClendon Commons (behind the Admissions Bldg) Book sales and reception to follow Free and open to the public


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Sports

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THE BLUE ZONE

RECRUITING ROUNDUP sports.chronicleblogs.com www.dukechroniclesports.com

MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013

VOLLEYBALL

XXXDAY, MONTH XX, 2013 | 5

MEN’S BASKETBALL

7th heaven

Duke knocks off Virginia Tech to keep winning streak alive

Hood named captain by Daniel Carp THE CHRONICLE

to win in three against the Virginia teams because we don’t get to play them again this year.” Duke (11-2, 2-0 in the ACC) did not waste any time, jumping out to a 17-12 lead and forcing the Hokies (13-3, 1-1) to take a timeout. The Blue Devils won the first set 25-19 with a service ace by senior

Rodney Hood has never played a regular-season game for Duke, but that did not stop his teammates from selecting the redshirt sophomore as team captain for the 2013-14 season. Head coach Mike Krzyzewski revealed in his first press conference of the season Friday that Hood would serve as the Blue Devils’ captain alongside senior Tyler Thornton. “It means a lot, especially since I haven’t RODNEY HOOD played here yet,” Hood Duke basketball captain said. “My teammates have a great respect for me and my coaching staff as well, so it’s just an honor to be named team captain, and I’m going to try my best to do the best I can.” Hood sat out the entire 2012-13 season after transferring to Duke from Mississippi State, where the 6-foot-8 forward averaged 10.3 points and 4.8 rebounds as a freshman. In addition to the captaincy, Hood also received the greatest indication of approval from his team—a vote from his head coach. “I voted for him, so I won,” Krzyzewski said. “We get a feel for what the team wants, and we as a staff then look at it and we decide. I’m not surprised about Rodney. Rodney, every day last year... he handled that situation

See VOLLEYBALL, page 8

See HOOD, page 7

ERIC LIN/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Sophomore Emily Sklar led Duke to weekend victories against Virginia and Virginia Tech to extend her team’s winning streak to seven.

by Helen Liljenwall THE CHRONICLE

For Duke, there’s no place like home. After notching a sweep against Virginia Friday night, the Blue VT 0 Devils earned their DUKE 3 seventh consecutive win with a straight-set victory against Virginia Tech Saturday night at Cameron Indoor Stadium. Sophomore

outside hitter Emily Sklar led Duke with 13 kills on the match Since dropping their last match Sept. 7 on the road against Minnesota, the Blue Devils have captured all seven victories in front of the home fans, including a crowd of 2,387 Saturday night. “One of our goals for the game was to protect our home court, so [winning] was a good thing for us,” Sklar said. “It was really great

FIELD HOCKEY

Duke defeats Longwood by Grant Costa THE CHRONICLE

Coming off of a tiring victory against its arch rival, Duke was able to regroup and put together another win. Less than 48 hours after defeating No. 1 North Carolina 3-2 in a shootout, No. 9 Duke faced LONG 1 Longwood at Jack DUKE 3 Katz Field. Despite battling exhaustion from Friday’s contest, the Blue Devils defeated the Lancers 3-1 to notch their sixth victory in the last seven games. But it wasn’t an easy win. The Lancers tied the game at 1-1 on a goal by forward Jessica Diaz in the 50th minute, but Duke defender Brenna Rescigno re-

sponded four minutes later, scoring on a corner to put the Blue Devils back in front for good. “We were only up 1-0 at half time, so [head coach Pam Bustin] really wanted us to execute on corners because we work on them almost every day in practice,” Rescigno said. “She just said everyone do their job—inserter hit the ball out, stick-stopper stop it, hitter just hit it to the post—and that’s all I had to do. That’s all it takes.” In the first half, Duke (8-2) attacked the cage, outshooting Longwood (3-7) 14-3. Although the Blue Devils had a number of scoring opportunities in the See FIELD HOCKEY, page 7

XIRUI LIU/THE CHRONICLE

With a 3-1 victory against Longwood Sunday, Duke won its third straight game and sixth in the past seven contests.


6 | MONDAY, XXXDAY, MONTH SEPTEMBER XX, 2013 30, 2013

www.dukechroniclesports.com www.dukechronicle.com

The Chronicle

women’s soccer

Blue Devils notch moral victory in 1-1 draw by Madeline Carrington THe CHRoNICLe

Nobody likes to settle for a draw—but it might be just what Duke needs. The Blue Devils held strong against No. 16 Virginia Tech to hold the game at 1-1 after 110 VT 1 minutes of play at DUKE 1 Koskinen Stadium. With the draw, Duke managed to contribute points to its record which it desperately needed if it wants to keep its postseason hopes alive after a disappointing loss Thursday to No. 1 Virginia. “I feel great about our performance,” head coach Robbie Church said. “It’s been a tough week—we had two nationally ranked teams, two of the best teams in the country. We could’ve had a win, and I thought we had the most dangerous of the chances. We always want to win when we play, but today, I’m happy with the tie.” Both teams had plenty of shots on goal, but displayed little accuracy due to the physical style of play. Virginia Tech (9-1-2, 4-1-1 in the ACC) drew 15 fouls to Duke’s eight during the course of the match. “I wasn’t expecting it to be as physical as it was,” senior defender Natasha Anasi said. “But we expected them to come out and play hard. They’re always a strong team. The referees took a lenient approach to the game and seemed to prefer to let the girls duke it out on the field rather than blow the whistle, much to the

chris dieckhaus/the ChroniCle

Junior Kelly Cobb scored the lone goal for the Blue Devils in a 1-1 draw against Virginia Tech Sunday at Koskinen Stadium. chagrin of many in the crowd. Although some controversial calls were made involving physical contact, it had little effect on the outcome of the game, Church said. “We knew they would be physical, and they let the game get physical, which is why you saw bodies flying all over,” he said. “But both teams wanted to win. The refs really didn’t have any effect on the

game.” Hokie midfielder Ashley Meier took advantage of a moment after Duke (4-52, 1-3-2) goalkeeper Ali Kershner dove for a ball 12 minutes into the second half, finding the back of the net and finally breaking the scoreless tie. The Blue Devils continued to attack after surrendering the game’s first goal, and junior forward Kelly Cobb blasted a

cross from senior forward Laura Weinberg into the back of the net from 22 yards out in the 74th minute. Cobb’s shot evened the score at 1-1 and kept the Blue Devils in the game. Cobb had sat out for much of the first half after one of her shoes broke. once she left the field to fix it, she was unable to reenter the game until the second half. “our team kept the momentum up,” Cobb said. “That’s the way we are—everyone fulfills her role on and off the bench.” After a number of tight losses to open conference play, salvaging a draw at home could be just what the Blue Devils need to right the ship. Duke has been plagued by injury-related absences from midfielders Rebecca Quinn and Kara Wilson as well as goalkeeper Meghan Thomas in the early-going, leaving Church to cobble together a roster and move players around from their preferred positions in order to fill the holes. With many of those players returning in the coming weeks, Church said he is optimistic about the back half of the season. “The takeaway is that we’re playing our best soccer of the year now,” Church said. “We’re the most committed, in terms of players both on the field and on the sidelines. We’re working extremely hard. We’ve turned the calendars to october, and we’ve got to win some games, there’s no question about that. The kids know that. But I feel good about where we are.”

cross country

Bounce-back preformance for Duke with full lineup by Lucas Hubbard THe CHRoNICLe

Boasting a full lineup for the first time this season, Duke proved it was more than capable against the stiffest competition it has faced all year. The Blue Devils placed fourth out of 13 teams at the Virginia/Panorama Farms Invitational Saturday in Charlottesville, Va., with a total of 104 points, finishing just three points behind ACC rival Virginia. Despite the close loss to the No. 16 Cavaliers, head coach Norm ogilvie was quick to put the his team’s performance in perspective. “We’re certainly disappointed to lose to Virginia by three points,” ogilvie said. “But those guys were the Southeast regional champs last year. To have closed the gap that much in basically just the offseason is remarkable. We definitely expect to see a boost in the polls after this race.” North Carolina took first with 58 points, and eastern Kentucky finished second with 76 points. The story of the day was the season debut of two top Duke runners, graduate student Mike Moverman and junior Shaun Thompson. Although rust was a pre-race concern for the duo, they took no time finding their form, as Mover-

man raced to fifth place in the 8,000-meter race with a time of 23:56.8, and Thompson was right behind in seventh at 23:57.1. Both runners set personal bests with their performances Saturday. “It felt really good to race again,” Moverman said. “But cross-country is a team sport, so I’m just happy with how the team raced today.” Senior Brian Atkinson matched his time from the Furman Invitational two weeks ago with a 24:08.1 effort that earned him 14th place. Lucas Talavan-Becker and William Rooney rounded out the top five for Duke in 36th and 43rd place, respectively. The Blue Devils had run what ogilvie had called a “passive” race two weeks ago in Furman, and he was pleased to see them take control of the race early Saturday. “We really went out strong,” ogilvie said. “We had seven guys break 25 minutes today. on this course, that’s pretty good.” The top five Blue Devils averaged a time of 24:16, the best five-man time for Duke on the Charlottesville, Va. course in the team’s history. The strong performance bodes well for the the rest of the season, as the NCAA Southeast Regional Championships later this year will also take place on the Charlottesville course. With the squad gearing up for pre-na-

tionals in Terre Haute, Ind., in three weeks, Duke will be focusing on the crucial cohesion that can push the team to the next level. “It’s just a matter of the No. 4 and

No. 5 guys closing the gap in the second group a little, and that’ll give us a good shot,” Moverman said. “If we’re all on on the same day, we’ll be able to beat some really good teams.”

sarah elsakr/ChroniCle file photo

Competing with a full lineup for the first time this season, Duke placed fourth at the Virginia/Panorama Farms Invitational.


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MONDAY, XXXDAY, SEPTEMBER MONTH XX, 30, 2013 | 7

men’s soccer

Late goals doom duke against Notre dame by Drew Goldstein THe CHRoNICLe

Despite hanging with a second-ranked Notre Dame team for nearly a full 90 minutes, the Blue Devils come home still winless in ACC play. Duke fought hard in its toughest ACC challenge yet but DUKE 1 failed to come away ND 3 with the upset after allowing two late goals to a still-undefeated Fighting Irish squad, falling 3-1 Friday night at Alumni Stadium in South Bend, Ind. “We hung with them,” Coach John Kerr recalled. “We’re disappointed with the result. The score line’s not a true reflection of the game.” With the score knotted at 1-1 in the closing minutes, Duke (4-3-2, 0-3-1 in the ACC) appeared to be heading to overtime before an 88th minute goal by Notre Dame (4-0-3, 2-0-2) midfielder Patrick Hodan put the Fighting Irish ahead. Teammate Harrison Shipp added another just a minute later on a penalty kick when he floated the ball over a diving Duke goalkeeper Alex Long to seal the deal. The Blue Devils knew Friday’s game would be no small task, playing on the road against a team that didn’t lose a single game at home last season.

FIELd hoCKEY

from page 5

opening 35 minutes, they only found the back of the net once when senior forward Jessica Buttinger beat Lancer goalkeeper Kaye Goulding in the 21st minute. “I don’t feel like we were playing necessarily poorly, it just wasn’t clean,” Bustin said. “I thought we had control of the game and ball possession for the most part

“They’re a very good team and that’s a tough place to play,” Kerr said. After a stagnant first half without too many opportunities on offense, both teams turned up the tempo at halftime and came out scoring. The Fighting Irish got on the board first on a header from defender Max Lachowecki that snuck past Long in the 46th minute. Duke didn’t wait long to net the equalizer, which came off a beautiful cross from junior Jack Coleman four minutes later. Coleman seemed to be looking to set up a teammate on a header in the box, but the ball soared over the defenders and past Notre Dame goalie Patrick Wall for the goal. “even when we went down early in the second half we responded well and had a great goal from Coleman,” Kerr said. Despite Duke’s offense not registering a shot in the first half, the team’s defense picked up the slack. Led by captain Sebastien Ibeagha, the defensive unit managed to curtail a fast Irish team, forcing them to make adjustments early on. “For the first 20 minutes of the game, they were very, very dangerous, Kerr said. “We were organized in terms of understanding what they were trying to accomplish and we cut off a lot of their flow.” A resilient defense against high-level

competition served as the silver lining in Duke’s latest narrow defeat at the hands of an ACC newcomer. Despite the loss, Kerr said he remains hopeful that his team will be able to take away the positives and build on them go-

ing forward. “It’s a tough time right now, but we have a good team and a lot of great players and the staff,” Kerr said. “They worked really hard tonight and I’m really proud of them.”

but we just weren’t doing enough to get return, and that becomes frustrating as a game goes on.” Diaz evened the score for Longwood off a 1-on-1 with the Duke goalie Lauren Blazing. Playing under the hot afternoon sun, fatigue continued to play a role for the Blue Devils. “We were kind of anticipating the chance that we would have been a little bit slower, not that you want that, but we played a lot of hockey less than 48 hours

ago,” Bustin said. “My idea is that you are going to have to still play the game and not rely on the physical aspect as much.” After Duke took the lead back on Rescigno’s goal, the Blue Devils continued to put pressure on the Lancers, with a plethora of corners late in the second half. As her team attacked, senior forward emmie Le Merchand was tripped up by the goalie and awarded a penalty stroke. Le Marchand, who scored the

game-winner Friday against North Carolina, converted the penalty shot for her sixth goal of the season. “I think when you play such a big game like that, you get so pumped up and so wound up that you just go so hard for absolutely everything,” Le Merchand said. “I felt like I played really well on Friday, and I was really happy with how I performed, so I tried to bring that same attitude today and hopefully from every game on.”

PhOTOG/the ChroniCle

Junior Jack Coleman found the back of the net for Duke, but two late goals by Notre Dame sent the Blue Devils home with a 3-1 loss.

hood

ChroniCle file photo

During his redshirt season, Mississippi State-transfer Rodney Hood’s lone game action came in Duke’s Countdown to Craziness.

from page 5

unbelievably well.” During his redshirt season, Hood’s limitations extended off the basketball court. The Meridian, Miss. native was unable to travel with his team for away games. As a result, when the Blue Devils make their sweep through the ACC this season, their new captain will be seeing a number of opposing arenas for the very first time. Hood is the first sophomore to hold the title of captain since Greg Paulus and Josh McRoberts led a young Duke team with junior DeMarcus Nelson for the 2006-07 season. Although Hood was unable to play for the Blue Devils last season, he served a vital role in practice as two of Duke’s three senior captains battled injuries throughout the season. With Ryan Kelly and Seth Curry often watching from the sidelines, Hood’s presence allowed the Blue Devils to run 5-on-5 drills in practice. Krzyzewski added that aside from making the players around him better, Hood may have also been the most explosive player on last year’s team. “Many times [Hood] was our best player,” Krzyzewski said. “Now being the best player with a blue shirt and no pressure on you, we’ll

see now with a white shirt and pressure on you what happens. But I think good things will happen.” Hood’s versatility was on full display Saturday as the Blue Devils took the floor for an open practice. He and freshman forward Jabari Parker showcased their court sense as Duke gave the world a first look at a scheme that utilizes a transition offense and full-court defense. Showcasing his skills for the first time since last year’s Countdown to Craziness, Hood looked incredibly comfortable within the flow of the Blue Devil offense, showcasing his slashing ability and lefty jumper throughout the two-hour practice. Parker said that Hood was one of the players who surprised him the most since first stepping on campus late in the summer. Although he is regarded as one of the top freshmen in the country, Parker added that he continues to learn from his new captain every day. “You have to have your best player a captain and the leader of the team,” Parker said. “You have to have him anticipate that role, just like every other team that you see. Kobe [Bryant] is the captain of the Lakers, you see LeBron [James] and [Dwyane] Wade at the Heat, so I think Rodney needs to take that role so we can climb on his back.”


football

from page 1

Connette posted huge yardage numbers for the second straight week, racking up 324 yards through the air and another 55 on the ground en route to five touchdowns. Connette’s biggest issue this season has been his accuracy, which has led to several costly turnovers in previous contests. After tossing four interceptions against Pittsburgh in last week’s loss, the redshirt junior threw just one pick this week. “He took care of the football, which is his number one job,” Duke head coach David Cutcliffe said. “[He made] good, solid decisions. There’s a lot of decisions made in our run game and he managed that well.” As the Blue Devils (3-2) racked up 514 yards of total offense against the Trojans (2-3), Connette completed 71.2 percent of his passes, but Cutcliffe said

the signal-caller’s completion rate could have been even higher. “[Connette] had a couple of drops that would have been huge,” Cutcliffe said. “Unfortunately he barely missed Jamison [Crowder] on a couple posts. But he also hit Johnell Barnes on one of the finest plays maybe I’ve seen since we’ve been here.” Connette threw three touchdown passes to three different receivers. His first was a 7-yard score to sophomore wide receiver Max McCaffrey, who was all alone on the right side of the end zone. The redshirt junior also found wide receiver Jamison Crowder for a 60-yard score and threw a 9-yard dump pass that sophomore running back Jela Duncan ran in for the touchdown. “The amount of weapons we have is awesome,” Connette said. “It’s real comforting whenever you’re quarterback. Especially on third-and-20, to just be able to throw it up to a guy, especially a young one, and have the confidence that he’s going to go make

Jennie xu/The ChroniCle

Redshirt junior running back Josh Snead led the Blue Devils with 108 yards on 11 carries, including a 53-yard scamper in the first quarter.

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Member of Duke Dance Program and member of Duke Department of Medicine are collaborating on a healing ceremony based in the African Lucumi and Zebola traditions. Looking for volunteer to serve as study coordinator for approved Med Ctr IRB protocol. Would involve training then recruitment and enrollment of patients. Also, STEAM challenge discussions welcome. Email kenneth.wilson@duke. edu

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a play.” Speed was also a key to Duke’s early success. The Blue Devils’ four first-half scoring drives averaged 5.5 plays, 76 yards and 2:02 per drive. This type of explosive, hurry-up offense kept the Trojan defense on its heels. “With the quick tempo, it was hard for [Troy’s defense] to stay in the game,” Crowder said. “Guys were trying to fake injuries, or whatever you want to call it. It was really tough for them. So every time we got a big play, we tried to get back on the line and run another play.” Duke’s quickest scoring drive of the afternoon came in the second quarter, when Connette led his team’s offense 94 yards in three plays and only 46 seconds. The Blue Devils were leading 14-7 with 12:29 left in the first half when Trojan punter Will Scott pinned Duke at its own 6-yard line. After consecutive completions to Johnell Barnes for 23 yards and Isaac Blakeney for 11, Connette took the third snap of the drive and hit Crowder in stride as the junior receiver took it in 60 yards for the score. Barnes had as much of a two-reception breakout performance as one can have. The true freshman hauled in a pair of receptions for 74 yards, including a 50-yard catch that set up Duncan’s 9-yard touchdown reception that pushed Duke’s lead to 28-14. The running game was also a strong point for Duke. The ground attack was led by Josh Snead, who gashed the Trojan defense for 108 yards on 11 carries, including a 53-yard burst that led to the Blue Devils’ opening score. Connette added 55 yards on the ground and two scores. Duncan contributed 29 yards on eight carries, but was sidelined with an injury in the first quarter. He returned to the game and reeled in a touchdown reception before returning to the sideline for the rest of the contest. Although Duncan’s injury status remains unclear, the Blue Devils have a reason to be encouraged after a 190-yard day on the ground in which the team averaged 4.9 yards per carry. With a bye week ahead to mend injuries and a strong showing in the rushing attack against Troy, Cutcliffe is optimistic for Duke’s next game against Navy. “[Snead] did [step up],” Cutcliffe said. “I don’t know how long Jela’s going to be [out due to injury] or what the circumstances surrounding that one are just yet, but I have great confidence in Juwan Thompson and I have great confidence in Shaquille Powell, if need be. Again, we have an open date coming which is good.”

volleyball

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8 | MONDAY, XXXDAY, MONTH SEPTEMBER XX, 2013 30, 2013

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DUKE WOMEN’S BASKETBALL IS LOOKING FOR MEMBERS FOR ITS 2013-2014 MALE PRACTICE PLAYER SQUAD! WE ARE LOOKING FOR GUYS WITH VARSITY BASKETBALL EXPERIENCE ENROLLED AT DUKE AS FULLTIME UNDERGRAD OR 1ST YEAR GRADUATE STUDENTS, ARE IN GOOD ACADEMIC STANDING AND WANT TO BE PART OF ONE OF THE PREEMINENT WOMEN’S BASKETBALL PROGRAMS IN THE COUNTRY. FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT MICHELE VAN GORP AT 919-257-0415 OR MVANGORP@DUAA.DUKE.EDU

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from page 5

libero Ali McCurdy. Freshman Lindsey Owens led Virginia Tech in the first set with four kills and three digs and kept up her aggressive hitting throughout the match. The outside hitter had a total of 11 kills in the match and four solo blocks. Duke was forced to account for Owens whenever she was on the floor, emphasizing a strong block on the right side. “They have a lot of good hitters, so it is a lot to prepare for. I thought our right side block did a good job on our timing and being strong in order to contain their outside hitters,” head coach Jolene Nagel said. “They still got some great shots, but I was pleased we were able to slow it down some.” The Blue Devils took a 20-14 lead in the second set, but an 8-3 run by Virginia Tech pulled the Hokies within a point. Back-to-back kills by sophomore Elizabeth Campbell and senior Chelsea Cook sealed the set for Duke. “They started to fight back a little towards the end,” Cook said. “We were up by a lot and kind of gave them a little at the end, so we were trying to finish as quick as possible there and get [up] 2-0.” Virginia Tech gained momentum in the third set, getting ahead 5-1. The Blue Devils took a quick timeout and bounced back to win the next point with a block by Campbell and Cook. Duke broke ahead at 10-9 and did not relinquish its lead. The Blue Devils closed the match on a fivepoint streak, with Sklar’s final kill of the evening capping off the victory. “We were down in the beginning and we weren’t too worried about it. They came back before when they were down, and we can do the exact same thing,” Sklar said. “If we get some momentum and get some fire going, then we can make a run and just finish it.”


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pride run from page 1

director Heather Brockel said the mission of the race is to combine the accepting and athletic nature of Durham. “What we do is bring LGBT families and supporters together. [The race] embodies the community spirit of Durham,” Brockel said. “We are an accepting and loving community and... we are a running community.” Bull City Running, a running store in Durham, was the main sponsor of the event. Kim Page, Bull City Running’s co-owner, noted that the run’s mission coincides well with that of her store’s. “One of the things that is most rewarding to us is [the race’s] ability to help grow the running community and to bring new people into the sport of running,” Page said. Page added that, though Saturday’s turnout was better than she expected, she hopes the event will continue to grow in size. Since the sponsorship of the 5k as an official timed race, the number of participants has grown from 30 to 200 hundred people, Brockel noted. Participants of both the race and the parade echoed the sentiments of the event’s purpose to support the LGBT community. “We have co-workers, family and friends who are gay,” Durham local Lisa Ray said. “We just wanted them to know that we support them publicly.” Some came from farther than Durham to watch the day’s events. Raleigh resident Greg Moore was excited to participate in both the race and spend the day with his friends. “It’s because I like to run. I have wonderful friends,” Moore said. “I’m proud to be a gay man in North Carolina, especially to be over 40, fit and fun.”

necklaces and even fishnet fingerless gloves. In addition to the vibrant colors, those passing by were sure to notice the incoherent blowing of horns, wailing of whistles and screeching cheers that echoed through the lawns of East Campus. Caroline Pode, a resident of Carrboro N.C., noted the ability of these events to increase awareness about the LGBT community. “[Today’s pride festival] provides people with a chance to come together and recognize that this is a group of people in society, and that we don’t have to hide—we aren’t that different,” Pode said. “We are a part of Durham and North Carolina just like everyone else.” But the Durham community was not the only one to show their support— Duke students donned their rainbow clothing and danced on floats, as well. A special float was allotted by the Center for Sexual and Gender Diversity for the Duke LGBT community and its allies, said sophomore Daniel Kort, president of Blue Devils United— an undergraduate student group that seeks to provide social opportunities for LGBT students. Although many students crowded the float with smiles on their faces, Kort hopes to see more students at the parade next year. “I was pleased with the turnout of the LGBT community on the float but, in the future, I would like to see more Duke students in general watching the parade,” Kort said. The run drew serious runners, walkers and supporters of the LGBT community from throughout the state. Race kakuro_395F.txt

Created by Peter Ritmeester/Presented by Will Shortz

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Duke Chapel Chorale & Chapel Choir performed for students and alumni this weekend. The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation 620 Eighth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For Release Monday, September 30, 2013

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Find the answers to the Kakuo puzzle on the classifieds page

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ACROSS 1 For real, in slang 6 Day-___ paint 9 2008 candidate with the slogan “Change we can believe in” 14 Supreme Court justice Samuel 15 Tech giant with the catchphrase “You’ve got mail” 16 English royal house before Stuart 17 “Come on, stop being such a wimp!” 18 Wheedle 20 Backup strategy 21 Push roughly 22 “Au revoir, ___ amis” 23 Course that’s a cinch 25 Investments for old age, for short 27 Largest inland city in California

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Nic Meiring, Brian Paskas, Nick Philip, Cliff Simmons, Lexy Steinhilber, Olivia Wax Creative Services Student Manager:.................................. Marcela Heywood

Creative Services:...........................................................Allison Eisen, Mao Hu Rita Lo, Izzy Xu Business Office..........................................................................Susanna Booth

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63 Like some premium roasts 65 Garlicky sauce 66 Note an alto is unlikely to hit 67 Even score 68 Basic belief 69 Stylishly streamlined 70 Urban grid: Abbr. 71 A cube has 12 of them

DOWN 1 Reading light 2 Carrier to Israel 3 Actress Gershon of “Bound” 4 ___ Store (source of many 99¢ downloads) 5 Kingpin 6 Bloated 7 Simple things to pick … or what 5-, 11-, 29- and 38-Down have? 8 Ersatz butter 9 Riverbank frolicker 10 “Nothing ___ net” 11 Lump that TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE moves when you swallow A L I S T G R A F 12 Distinctive L E N T O H A L O Cindy Crawford feature O L A T E S H A K E S N O P R I S O N E R S 13 Clumsy boats C U T A N D P A S T E 19 Satan’s doing 24 Turf U T M O T E S E A W O R T H Y 26 Diva’s delivery S P U R N A S I A 27 Hooch container 28 Any “Seinfeld” S T A R T O N K E Y showing, now P E R M F G 29 “Colorful” I N E T H A T S A M city bordering Newark, N.J. T O T H E R E S C U E E P I E A L A M O D E 31 Office plant A R U D E U N I T 33 Onetime Joker portrayer ___ D E N S E G E T S Romero

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52 Style of T-shirt that does not have a round collar 54 ___ Park, Colo. 55 Former New York Times publisher Adolph 56 Bit of headgear raised at the wedding altar

58 Stage presentations 60 ___ John Silver 61 Title beekeeper in a 1997 film 62 Takes the bench 64 Word usually ignored in alphabetization

For answers, call 1-900-285-5656, $1.49 a minute; or, with a credit card, 1-800-814-5554. Annual subscriptions are available for the best of Sunday crosswords from the last 50 years: 1-888-7-ACROSS. AT&T users: Text NYTX to 386 to download puzzles, or visit nytimes.com/mobilexword for more information. Online subscriptions: Today’s puzzle and more than 2,000 past puzzles, nytimes.com/crosswords ($39.95 a year). Share tips: nytimes.com/wordplay. Crosswords for young solvers: nytimes.com/learning/xwords.


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T h e i n d e p e n d e n T d a i ly aT d u k e u n i v e r s i T y

The Chronicle

10 | MONday, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013

The unseen effects of study abroad Every fall, hundreds of students study abroad in the hopes of having an enriching experience in another country. The popularity of Fall study abroad programs, however, affects campus life in unseen ways. Last week, The Chronicle reported that more students are studying abroad this semester than ever before. Additionally, there is a large disparity in student enrollment between Fall programs and programs in the Spring. There are several possible explanations for the overwhelming popularity of Fall study abroad programs. Because most juniors choose to study abroad in the Fall, younger students tend to follow the lead of their older peers without thinking critically about which semester is best for them. This produces a self-reinforcing cycle in which rising juniors travel abroad in the Fall simply because it is the general trend year after year. Students may also prefer studying abroad in the Fall due to the slower pace of campus life during those months. Between basketball, selective group recruitment and a general surge in student-oriented programming like Old Duke and the Last Day of Classes celebration, the spring semester is packed with events that

enliven campus. Going abroad in the Fall offers students a way to squeeze in a global experience while returning to campus in time for the large events held later in the year. Although we have some explanations for the popularity of Fall study abroad programs, the

Editorial effects of this trend remain less clear. Juniors who do not go abroad have to deal with the absence of many of their friends and classmates, and students who do go abroad return to campus with different experiences and attitudes. Reentering campus life after being abroad changes how students perceive their time on campus in profound ways. The disparity between Fall and Spring study abroad rates also impacts housing. The housing model is meant to create a strong sense of interclass community for students living in residential houses. If, however, houses lack a significant number of juniors in the Fall, it is difficult for students to develop a coherent community. Furthermore, space constraints on campus force

As a Dukie who never bothered to update my out-ofstate driver’s license, I’m actually glad to see this article pointing out that I’ll either need to get an NC license or bring my passport to the polls come election day.

Letters PoLicy The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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ell, Duke, it’s happened. It used to be that we were on the cusp of innovation—the forefront of all things up-and-coming. I am, of course, talking about our regular national attention for positive social culture. However, at this point I am sad to say we’ve been surpassed. This past week, our Southern brethren in Texas have been making political power moves, combining the First and 14th Amendments with Betty Crocker’s guilty pleasures. Recently, the Young Conservatives of Texas at the University of Texas at Austin threw an Affirmative Action Bake Sale. White people were offered cookies for $2.00 and black people paid only $0.75. Hispanics and other lesspersecuted races paid $1.50 for their unfairtrade snacks. Native Americans paid only $0.25, and all women were offered a $0.25 discount. The sale’s purpose was to bring attention to the similarity between preferential pricing and unfair preferential treatment due to affirmative action policies. While local townspeople were compulsively outraged due to latent white guilt and higher cookie prices, I personally am still confused as to why Native Americans pay so much less than black people. Was the Trail of Tears that much worse than slavery? Meanwhile I think this budding example of political activism is a step towards a much larger solution. If everyone received discounts based on racial and gender status, the economy would have changed for the better. First off, the malt liquor industry’s profit margin would collapse upon itself due to a substantially skewed demographic of black thirsters. Hollister would lose a large sum of money from their East Coast Asian population of West Coast wannabees, but it would be balanced out by the large amount of white, middle school tweens who pay full price anyway, because using discounts is for poor people. Furthermore, companies such as Fubu—a fair-priced clothing brand targeted towards black people—will suffer such huge losses that they will be forced to sell their clothing in department stores like Kohl’s and Marshalls—a fate worse than death. As racially targeted companies crumble into oblivion, only a select few businesses will remain profitable. Brooks Brothers and Sperry Top Sider will stay relatively stable with their product discounts, losing almost no money from their melanin-challenged consumers. Other companies such as Ugg and Polo will

” edit pages

—“StatisticallyInsignificant” commenting on the column “Local politics affect us all.”

Direct submissions to: E-mail: chronicleletters@duke.edu Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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many students to live off-campus after returning from study abroad. Few are likely to return to residence halls at the beginning of their senior year. The absence of juniors and seniors from houses threatens communal bonds and suggests that the study abroad experience and goals of the housing model may conflict with each other. Their aims are not mutually exclusive, however. Although large numbers of students opting out of the housing model could have a negative effect on residential communities, it does not mean that the housing model is doomed. Study abroad allows students to develop a sense of independence that can be difficult to find on campus. For many juniors, the study abroad experience changes how they think about their Duke experience, and it marks the beginning of a move to more self-sufficient living. As the residential experience becomes increasingly important in setting brick-andmortar universities apart from online colleges, we will have to determine whether Duke’s study abroad system contributes to or detracts from the sense of community the University hopes to cultivate.

Affirmative action bake sale

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thrive and use such an economic transformation as an excuse to further increase their prices, squeeze out the economically challenged and

Monday Monday mean boy retain their image. Gotta keep the plebes down somehow. A preferentially priced American economy would be just what we need to lift ourselves out of our economic slump. Once all the companies that cater to minorities have been undersold by their own customers into nothingness, only the exclusively white brands will survive. Once the rest of the world sees how classy and cultured Americans have become with our now master-race of companies, we will once again run the world while speaking softly and carrying a big stick, just like our forefathers did. On the moral front, the bake sale has grown to a national media debate with people of all races adding their two cents—or $0.015, if you’re Asian. Personally I am confused at this national outrage. Liberal parties have been pushing affirmative action for years, yet, as soon as the concept is applied to scrumptious treats, all hell breaks loose. If I was fortunate enough to be eligible for a bakery discount, I would use it and scurry away while choking down my shame with more brownies. These white Texan students are completely justified in blaming affirmative action for their lack of jobs or success. There is no need to attack these students for simply applying these progressive concepts to diabetes development. If anything, these students are visionaries. Rather than cater to the one percent, they have chosen to deliver fresh baked joy to the subordinate populace, with a pre-portioned payment plan, out of the sheer goodness of their hearts. If we can all manage to look past the initial effrontery and see that a preferential-priced economy would do America best, we can stop fighting and bake our way to racial and gender equality, one snickerdoodle at a time. Mean Boy is in favor of extending affirmative action discounts to other persecuted demographics, such as the Jews, Canadians and Nickelback fans.


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MONday, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013 | 11

A lion in the house

E

very pre-med student at Duke should watch the documentary “A Lion in the House.” A 2007 Primetime Emmy winner, it is available for rental on both YouTube and Amazon. It follows five children and their families over the course of six years as they go through pediatric cancer treatment. The children and parents come from divergent socioeconomic, educational and cultural backgrounds, and their stories are each unique. The documentary gives a glimpse, albeit small, into what it’s like to be a childhood cancer patient or the parent of such a patient. As someone who lived what this documentary showcases, I cannot think of anything else a student could experience—absent being a cancer patient or caregiver him or herself—that could provide a more holistic understanding of how illness impacts both patients and families, both inside the hospital and especially outside of it. Fair warning though—in case it isn’t already obvious—this documentary will not be a wholly pleasant viewing experience. Not all of the children profiled survive. To this day my mother has purposely chosen not to watch it, and I understand why. It was actually filmed at the same hospital at which I underwent my chemotherapy regimen, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. When I viewed it, I could not help but experience déjà vu, flashbacks and feelings of inspiration and uneasiness. I don’t know much about Duke’s pre-med curriculum or medical school curricula for that matter. From what I’ve observed, Duke does a great job of preparing its students to succeed in certain ways—to get into excellent medical schools and become skilled and knowledgeable doctors in the service of society. That being the case, I do not know of anything Duke does, nor do I think there is really much it can do, to prepare its future doctors for how to handle the social ramifications of their work. Imagine telling a young girl she has cancer. Where do you start? Imagine telling her mother or father. This is even more difficult. Imagine having to prescribe a medicine, knowing full well it will have negative side effects that last a lifetime—yet also knowing the patient must take it to survive. How do you break the news? A lot happens in the hospital that you can witness. But how do you know, if you ever really can, the effects of your work—the medicines you will prescribe, the surgeries you will conduct or the news you will deliver—on the home life of the patient and his or her family? The brunt of the impact is not going to be isolated solely to data collected in a patient’s file or demonstrated in his physical health. There are mental, emotional and spiritual ramifications to nearly everything you will do that mostly play out when the patient leaves the

hospital room or surgery table. Duke might teach you chemistry, biology and physics. It might make you feel confident that you have the skills necessary to understand the finer details and workings of the human body. But it cannot prepare you for these relational aspects of the medical profession. And from the patient side of things, I can tell you a doctor’s bedside manner and ability to connect with you matters as much as the scientific knowledge he or she might possess.

timshel

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t age 13, I had an existential crisis. I was in the eighth grade, and I was writing an essay about the Holocaust. In my childish understanding, the Holocaust was so terrible because good people—the majority—allowed evil people—the minority—to get power. But this didn’t add up. This theory could hold for people making evil decisions at the top of the chain of command, but the smaller decisions that required even greater absence of empathy— looking into a mother’s eyes as her child is taken from her, locking the door to a gas chamber and judging on a glance who lives in slavery and who is slaughtered—were done by a staggering number

Daniel Strunk

Ellie Schaack

elements of style

brave new world

For those of you going through medical school applications right now, take heed or heart—I would choose for my oncologist, any day of the week, a doctor with a good bedside manner and a “mid-tier” medical school degree over a Harvard educated doctor with an unfeeling persona. In an ideal world, aim for the best of both, but don’t ever discount the value of the former to your chosen profession. This is why you should watch “A Lion in the House.” I was blessed—truly, honestly blessed—to have an oncologist and nurses who excelled in all respects. To this day, when I go back for a simple yearly check-up, a part of me feels as though I’m visiting old family. But I have witnessed and experienced the opposite, and it can make a patient’s life—as well as that of his or her family members—miserable. “A Lion in the House” will show you the practice of medicine in a fuller sense than you can get from any book you might read or nearly any summer internship you might complete. What pre-med students ultimately need to do is strive not just to learn about science but about people. Go to parties. Listen to stories. Support friends through tough times. It doesn’t matter that you got an A in organic chemistry when you make the mother of a cancer patient cry for lack of verbal finesse, thereby breathing life into the latent fears she holds in her heart concerning her child’s future. Learn how to diagnose, yes. Learn how to research. Learn how to slice open stomachs, extract tumors and sow it all back up again, but do not forget to learn empathy. Watch “A Lion in the House” and remember, as much as you learn how to treat the body, do not forget to learn how to treat the soul.What do you think?

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Daniel Strunk is a Trinity senior. His column runs every other Monday. Send Daniel a message on Twitter @DanielFStrunk.

of people. Could it be that the number of evil people being born just happened to skyrocket in Germany in the early 20th century? Could it be that German backyards in the 1920s were full of little children torturing animals and plotting their eventual evil as their mothers called them in for dinner? This seemed implausible. One possibility was that this evil was dominant human nature, and it was masked only by the politesse of my own culture. Evil people did not always have cartoonish arched eyebrows and beady eyes. Evil people were all around, disguised as people like handsome and gentle Rolf from “The Sound of Music”—who holds the world record for my shortest crush, not having lasted past his first ‘Heil Hitler’. This was a heavy thought for an eighth grader. I also learned that it was by no means original. A psychologist named Stanley Milgram was plagued by this exact question regarding the psychology of the Holocaust and decided to test it in 1961. In his famous experiment, he measured how much harm people would inflict upon others simply because they were instructed to do so. The experiment he set up involved three people: the experimenter, the teacher and the learner. The experimenter was the one running the experiment. He instructed the teacher to shock the learner if the learner’s answers to simple memory questions about word pairs were incorrect. With every wrong answer, the shock would go up by 15 volts. The teacher believed that the learner was another random subject—they had supposedly drawn from slips of paper to be either the teacher or the learner when they entered. The teacher had also received a sample of the least intense version of the shock he or she would be administering. What the teacher did not know was that the learner was an actor, and the experiment’s only subject was the teacher. As the supposed voltage of the shocks increased, the learner played a tape of sounds of increasing distress. He would bang on the wall and cry out and, in some variations of the experiment, plead that he had a heart condition. After the higher voltages, the learner went completely silent. If worries were expressed by the teacher, the experimenter would give the following four commands, in this order: 1) Please continue. 2) The experiment requires that you continue. 3) It is absolutely essential that you continue. 4) You have no other choice, you must go on. If the teacher still wished to stop after all four of the commands were given, the experiment was stopped. If not, the experiment would continue until the teacher had delivered the maximum shock—450 volts—three times. Milgram polled Yale psychology seniors to see how many people they thought would obey until the end. Their average answer was 1.5 percent. Though many showed signs of discomfort, in Milgram’s first trial, 65 percent of people administered that final 450 volt shock to the learner who had gone quiet. 65 percent tortured someone they knew to be innocent because they were told to do so. Many people talk about that 65 percent, and they express hopelessness about human nature. My 13-year-old self focused on this number for a long time. Optimists like to concentrate on the 35 percent who resisted. That never provided much consolation to me. My existential crisis ended only after, while reading more about the experiment, I stumbled upon a story about what happened after the experiment had ended. Many of the subjects wrote Milgram personal letters expressing gratitude for what he had shown them they were capable of. 84 percent said they were “glad” or “very glad” to have participated in the experiment. Knowing that they had the capacity to do evil made them want to change. We talk so much about who we are. We are told to “stay true to ourselves.” We describe all that exists within us as permanent and unchanging—a personality. We talk about good people—who should be rewarded—and bad people—who should be removed from society. I wish we would do less of this. The irony of trying to discover our true natures is that the single constant among humans is that we learn. We use our experiences to change ourselves. What we are comes less from within us than it does from what is around us. If a generation can be taught to be evil, another generation can see the results of this custom and rebel against it. They can teach themselves to be empathetic. So we should stop trying to figure out who we are. We should start trying to figure out how we should be. Ellie Schaack is a Trinity junior. Her column runs every other Monday.


12 | MONday, SEPTEMBER 30, 2013

usas

from page 1

Both Willingham and fellow organizer Zaynah Alam, a sophomore, were already passionate about the issue of workers’ rights, particularly in Bangladesh. The issue became particularly pronounced with the April 24 factory collapse in Savar, Bangladesh that killed more than 1,100 people and injured approximately 2,500. The factory collapsed because it had unsafe policies, Alam noted. “I have family in Bangladesh—so this is relevant to me on a personal level. I kind of know firsthand what the conditions are there,” said Alam, who has written for The Chronicle. The event catalyzed extensive investigation into factories—under American and European ownership—and their conditions in Bangladesh. It was discovered that 90 percent of factories in Bangladesh have structural problems, Alam said. Willingham, too, relates personally to the issue of workers’ rights on a broader scale. “I am interested in worker’s rights because my father’s union made a huge difference in my life,” she said. “He had a

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terrible accident on the job and we would be in terrible debt if it weren’t for workman’s comp—I wouldn’t be at Duke.” Willingham and Alam decided to revive the group after meeting with Naomi Carbrey, a student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and regional USAS organizer. She asked if they would be interested in restarting the group at Duke. “It felt like the beginning of an action movie: ‘your quest, if you choose to accept it’... it was that kind of thing,” Willingham said. USAS was prominent on campus in 2006, when the group lobbied successfully for Duke to be one of the first universities to adopt the Designated Supplier Program—a program to ensure that all items bearing the Duke logo are produced in sweatshop-free conditions. The club died out when the student leadership graduated. “I don’t know anyone who was in involved in 2006— because they’ve all graduated,” Alam said. “But they were actually a really big deal and they were very involved. We’re definitely going to use their success as a jump-off point.” USAS also encouraged Duke to lead its peers in pur-

chasing apparel made by fair trade clothing line Alta Gracia. Alta Gracia has exemplary factories in the Dominican Republic, where employees have benefits, good hours and are paid three times the minimum wage, Willingham said. Duke began selling Alta Gracia merchandise in 2010. “Alta Gracia is a fantastic brand and USAS was in the frontlines of that battle to get schools to adopt that clothing line as opposed to, say, Nike Duke apparel,” Willingham said. Even with Alta Gracia being sold in the bookstore, Duke still sells a significant amount of Nike apparel. Nike notoriously has factories with sweatshop conditions, said Jasmine Judge, a freshman member of the club. “A goal of the club would be to talk to President [Richard] Brodhead and ask him to give Nike an ultimatum—to tell Nike that they should fix these conditions or they will lose Duke as a buyer. They don’t want to lose a multimillion dollar contract,” Judge said. Judge said that she believes that with the power of an institution like Duke, in coalition with other universities who are also applying pressure, the fight to get Nike to improve worker’s conditions is a realistic issue for the club to tackle. “People get here and they want to make a difference and travel abroad and change lives and everything,” Judge said. “But this is a way to do that without even leaving Duke.”

moocs

from page 4

that not all students had the same experience. Several faculty members expressed concern that the panel did not speak about aspects of online education aside from MOOCs. “MOOCs are synonymous with online, but online is not synonymous with MOOCs,” said Margaret Riley, director of the Global Education Office for Undergraduates. Robisheaux noted that there will be several more faculty panels that focus on online education throughout the year. Alexander Glass, an instructor in the Nicholas School, said that as a non-tenured professor, he felt that he has been pressured by the University and society to refocus his teaching to online forums. “No one has been pressured to do MOOCs,” Provost Peter Lange said. He added that course compensation for teaching online courses is much lower than comparable inperson classes. “It is a crazy world out there in MOOC-land,” Starn said.

grand opening

from page 4

concerns about promoting homosexuality—then against the law—to the inclusion of sexual preference in the University’s non-discrimination policy in 1989, Clark added. The grand opening also featured guest speaker Sara-Jane Raines, Trinity ’83 and current co-chair of the Duke LGBT Task Force, and Fred Steckler, Trinity ’83 and chief administrative officer of the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Between 40 and 50 alumni showed up to the grand opening, said Scott Greenwood, chief operating officer of Duke Alumni Association. “This is just a tremendous opportunity to celebrate Duke’s commitment to this community,” Greenwood said. “It was so affirming about how everyone feels so welcomed and included. It’s just such a great day.” Long noted that the opening was probably “the greatest turn-out in the history of the center,” noting that she was pleased to see the growth in both numbers and support of this community. “One of the most important messages it sends is that this community is valued,” Long said. “Another message that it sends is that this center exists for any student at Duke who wants to come here. My first year here, we had four graduates, and only one of them was an undergraduate student. Now, we have over 40 undergraduate students each year—that’s a big change.” DSG President Stefani Jones said that the new location of the center represents how much importance the University places on its LGBTQ community. “The fact that it is right in the middle of campus and so prominent for students shows that this is a community that Duke cares about,” Jones said.


September 30, 2013