T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
XXXDAY, MONTH THURSDAY, APRIL XX, 18, 2013
ONE ONE HUNDRED HUNDRED AND AND EIGHTH EIGHTH YEAR, YEAR, ISSUE ISSUE 139 X
Assessing DukeEngage Part 1 of 3
Ideal experience still elusive for some
by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE
Editor’s note: This is the first of a three-part series evaluating DukeEngage since its inception in 2007. Today’s article focuses on the DukeEngage experience for students. Friday, The Chronicle will analyze the relationship between DukeEngage and the Duke brand. Monday, The Chronicle will illustrate critiques of the program and discuss DukeEngage’s responsive strategic plan. As DukeEngage enters its sixth summer, the University’s signature civic engagement program is still encountering challenges as it attempts to bring its ambitious mission to fruition. Since its creation, the heralded program has sent almost 2,000 students around the world and gives a summer experience to roughly 5 percent of the Duke student
body every year. One of the foremost challenges for the program, which has an annual budget of more than $4 million, is striking a balance between service to the community and ensuring that students have a meaningful and positive experience. The program’s official mission is listed in the recently released DukeEngage 2017 Strategic Plan: “DukeEngage empowers students to address critical human needs through immersive service, in the process transforming students, advancing the University’s educational mission, and providing meaningful assistance to communities in the U.S. and abroad.” DukeEngage first assesses community need when considering a proposal for a program, Director Eric Mlyn said.
“You can’t disentangle responding to a need in the community from student experience,” he said. Senior Emily McGinty, who interned at a literacy project in Hot Springs, N.C. during summer 2010, believes the program’s goal is more student-oriented. While McGinty was an intern, the project was under review to become a DukeEngage program. DukeEngage administrators, including Mlyn, visited Hot Springs and spoke with McGinty and the other interns about their experience. McGinty said she was surprised when the majority of questions she was asked revolved around her personal experience instead of the work or the relationship with the community. DukeEngage administrators asked McGinty and the other interns questions such as, “Do SEE DUKEENGAGE ON PAGE 3
Patent office Writers, photographers rebuts criticism document Durham Bulls RECESS
by Tony Shan THE CHRONICLE
Duke has an office for taking University inventions and turning them into marketable products, but some faculty have questioned how effective it is. When faculty and students invent things on campus, they turn to the Office of Licensing and Ventures to handle technology transfer—the process that brings inventions to the market. In recent years, faculty have argued that the OLV does not sufficiently facilitate innovation on campus. But although there is room for improvement, the notion that the OLV is endangering entrepreneurship may be extreme, said Eric Toone, professor of chemistry and leader
of the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Initiative. “To the extent that there are perceived shortcomings with the OLV, they have more to do with some misapprehension with OLV’s role in the tech transfer process,” Toone said. “It’s just there to protect intellectual property for the University.”
By Katie Zaborsky THE CHRONICLE
“I believe in the Church of Baseball.” So begins Bull Durham, the 1988 film that captured the fervor and frustrations of minor league baseball in what many players consider to be the most accurate depiction of the sport. Coinciding with the 25th anniversary of the movie, Bull City Summer: A Season at the Ballpark and Beyond will chronicle the 2013 season of the Durham Bulls through blog entries, literary writing and photography. Additionally, beginning next February, Bull City Summer will display a culminating photography exhibition at the
From Duke to market Under Duke’s current technology transfer system, all faculty and student inventions created with Duke resources must be submitted to the OLV in an Invention Disclosure Form. The office then evaluates the invention and decides
Check out Recess, Center spread
SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE
SEE PATENT ON PAGE 10
Bull City Summer will document the 2013 baseball season.
“My hope is that supporters of gay marriage no longer strawman conservatives as ignorant, homophobic, Bible thumpers”” —Jonathan Zhao in “Gay marriage isn’t a right.” See column page 9.
SEE BULLS IN RECESS PAGE 3
East campus bridge schedule to close, Page 2
2 | THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
Bridge replacement Members trade barbs to close major routes over SOFC budget DUKE STUDENT GOVERNMENT
by Caroline Michelman THE CHRONICLE
PHILIP CATTERALL/THE CHRONICLE
Senior Chris Brown, Young Trustee-elect, presented a new email account for students to voice concerns. by Carleigh Stiehm THE CHRONICLE
After much deliberation, Duke Student Government finalized the Student Organization Finance Committee’s annual budget for the 2013-2014 academic year. Final approval for the SOFC annual budget, which the Senate chose to table at last week’s meeting, was finalized at $446,736 Wednesday. The SOFC annual budget funds capital expenditures that any recognized or chartered group needs to function, said SOFC Chair Kat Krieger, a junior. The budget also funds major expenditures for events outside the realm of the programming fund for chartered groups. The Duke Undergraduate Publication Board received $76,216.40. The Duke Partnership for Service received $56,056.06. DSG received $52,337.89. Club Sports received $90,000—the largest sum from the budget. The Senate debated the funding for The
Chanticleer—Duke’s student yearbook—for about 90 minutes. In order to lower funding costs, sophomore Nikolai Doytchinov, vice president for academic affairs, originally proposed an opt-in policy for seniors in which those who wanted a yearbook would pay a $15 fee to retain a copy. Junior Patrick Oathout, executive vice president, was not in favor of the proposal because $15 would not make enough of a difference to lower funding costs. President Alex Swain, a senior, noted that it was a “privileged point of view” to think college students have disposable income. “I am personally offended that anybody could call me privileged,” Oathout said. He noted that the Senate has delayed creating a long-term plan for The Chanticleer budget every year, adding that they should focus on finding a sustainable solution rather SEE DSG ON PAGE 4
The planned replacement of the bridge near East Campus this summer will require vehicles to find alternate routes. Starting May 13, the portion of West Main Street along East Campus will close for five months to accommodate the Main Street bridge replacement project. The North Carolina Department of Transportation has been planning for three years in collaboration with the University to replace the bridge. Although construction began last summer, NCDOT delayed further work until May 13, the Monday after commencement weekend, to minimize impediments to the high traffic on and around campus. The bridge joins Main Street over Campus Drive. Built in 1950 to allow passage between East and West campuses, it is now due for replacement. “That doesn’t mean the bridge is unsafe,” said Robert Atkins, assistant resident engineer with NCDOT. “We’re just putting in a more modern, standard bridge with a more modern design.” Since the University owns Campus Drive, Duke had to create an easement to allow NCDOT to work on campus. The easement will permit NCDOT to use the road for construction on the bridge, which is owned by the state. The University created the timeline for the project and recommended that NCDOT postpone finishing the bridge replacement until the day after graduation weekend. This allows for minimal conflict with Duke traffic and transportation and for NCDOT to ready their contracts and materials and “hit the ground running” once construction starts, said Floyd Williams, project manager of the facilities management department. When construction begins May 13, NCDOT will put up a hard closure at the intersection of Buchanan and Main Street through which no cars will be allowed, as
well as a soft closure at Main Street and Swift Avenue to allow for access to Southgate Dormitory, Atkins said. Drivers will have limited access through the soft closure and should expect delays. “Even in the summer, it will make a huge difference because East Campus has a lot of summer camps. There’s not going to be too much relief,” Williams said. Duke has studied NCDOT’s rerouting and traffic patterns and is trying to reduce the amount of local traffic going through East Campus, Williams noted. Duke’s bus routes will also be affected by the construction. Bridge demolition is scheduled to occur for two to three weeks in late May and early June, and the bridge underpass will be closed during this time. Once demolition is completed, the traffic will be opened up on Campus Drive with two lanes of traffic. During construction of the new bridge, however, there will be times when Campus Drive must be closed. Duke’s contract with NCDOT stipulates that Campus Drive closures will only occur at night. At these times, as well as bridge demolition, buses will be rerouted to Main Street and then to Buchanan and Maxwell Avenue behind Smith Warehouse to access West Campus, Williams said. NCDOT will notify Duke 48 hours in advance of Campus Drive closures, and updates on the construction and route changes will be available on the Bull City Connector website, DukeToday and TransLoc. The TransLoc bus tracking system has the capability of providing real-time announcements, and signs at affected bus stops will direct passengers to alternate stops, Sam Veraldi, director of Parking and Transportation, wrote in an email Thursday. “It’s going to be a little painful,” Williams said, “but we’re trying to mitigate that as best we can.” SEE BRIDGE ON PAGE 10
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Cognitive Neuroscience and Law Ethics, Leadership & Global Citizenship Exploring the Mind Genomes in Our Lives: Narratives and the Meaning of DNA Humanitarian Challenges: Borders, Environments, and Rights Knowledge in the Service of Society Liveness: Digital Media and Performance Memory and Invention: Medieval & Renaissance Worlds The Middle East in Global Contexts Modeling in Economic and Social Systems Power of Language Visions of Freedom What If? — Explaining the Past/ Predicting the Future Applications Accepted: February 1–May 30, 2013 focus.duke.edu Questions? Contact the Focus Program… firstname.lastname@example.org; (919) 684-9370
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DUKEENGAGE from page 1 you feel entertained here?” and “Do you feel that there are things to do and places to go?” “I was surprised that they cared that we had so little access to nightlife,” McGinty said. “We all laughed, and said, ‘What do you mean?’ They said, ‘We’re worried because there’s not enough nightlife in this area.’” Mlyn acknowledged issues of student safety and assessing risk when developing a program. “If I could do one thing for DukeEngage, I would ban alcohol,” Mlyn said. “Our incidents are almost always students who lose judgment and let down their guard a little bit.” Still, McGinty said she was skeptical of the idea that DukeEngage prioritizes a community’s needs over a student’s experience. DukeEngage administrators do survey community partners to assess the value of student volunteers in the region. In 2011, 78 percent of community partners said they found their DukeEngage students had a “great impact” on the community. Based on DukeEngage’s evaluation techniques, it appears that the program is successful in delivering a positive student experience. More than 75 percent of students found their DukeEngage experience to have a “great impact” on them, according to data compiled from student surveys in 2011. Administrators noted that survey questions are not consistent on a year-to-year basis, making it difficult to discern the definition of “great impact.” Imbalanced interest DukeEngage provides a summer experience to a group of students that is not entirely representative of Duke’s student body. After five summers, the program still struggles with attracting an equal share of men and women. Duke’s student body is usually equally split be-
tween male and female students—the Class of 2012 was composed of exactly 50 percent men and 50 percent women. In summer 2012, however, 62.4 percent of students admitted to DukeEngage were women and 37.6 percent were women, according to data from Jacki Purtell, DukeEngage evaluation and assessment coordinator. The DukeEngage office declined to provide gender breakdowns of applicant pools in the last five years. This gender imbalance is widespread in civic engagement, Mlyn said, adding that DukeEngage has reached out to male students through many channels, including focused outreach to fraternities. “Some fraction of men at institutions like Duke don’t see DukeEngage experiences as being instrumental toward their career goals,” Mlyn wrote in an email April 5. DukeEngage declined to provide other data, including the number of applicants to each program, the number of applicants in each class, and the race breakdown of who participates in and applies to DukeEngage. Baishakhi Taylor, program director for DukeEngage India-Kolkata and an academic dean in the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, echoed that sentiment, suggesting that it is possible that women are more attracted to programs like hers that require students to take on a teaching and caregiving role. The Kolkata program in particular attracts a predominantly female applicant pool—the number of female applicants to the Kolkata program generally outnumbers the male applicants about 6 to 1, she said. “Why are we getting more women in the University’s largest civic engagement program? There’s not any difference in outreach or marketing,” Taylor said. Although Mlyn declined to provide numbers on greek and independent students participating in DukeEngage, in remarks at the 2011 Greek Convocation he noted that greek men are particularly underrepresented
among DukeEngage participants. The challenge of coming home Among DukeEngage participants, differences in the type of experience present another challenge for the program. There are 39 international and domestic projects on the 2013 DukeEngage roster, and there are 430 students participating this year. The scope of the program is a strength in terms of its impact on Duke’s culture but also a challenge in ensuring that each experience is “substantive and meaningful,” Mlyn said. DukeEngage prepares its students through the DukeEngage Academy—a two day workshop that primes program participants with certain skills, such as blogging, cultural competency and general safety. The majority of sessions treat all program participants as equals with little preparation catered to a student’s specific program, which, for some students, provokes issues with expectations. “I was prepared for a glorified educative vacation, I wasn’t prepared for an intense emotional experience,” said junior Flora Muglia, a 2012 DukeEngage Jordan participant. Being in Jordan was challenging for Muglia—her homestay dad frequently picked on her, and she experienced lapses in feeling safe due to her gender. Reintegration back into Duke culture can also be problematic as some students do not feel prepared for the return home. “I came home feeling very overwhelmed and critical of the way people treated natural resources,” Muglia said, noting that she sought counseling upon her return to Duke. “People didn’t understand me. I felt like an alien in my homeland.” A common trajectory for junior DukeEngage participants, like Muglia, is to go straight from their engagement project to a semester abroad. Reintegration infrastructure for these students does not yet exist. “Coming back is very challenging in terms
of integrating back into your own culture and saying goodbye to the intensity of your experience,” Mlyn said, noting that the ways his office tries to reintegrate students are through its student handbook, DukeEngage Academy and post-summer reunions. Inequities across experiences Not all students encounter the difficulties that Muglia faced and, in fact, many students have a transformative experience through DukeEngage. This raises, however, another fundamental challenge of the program—how to better equalize the experiences of students across so many different programs, whether international or domestic. Senior Molly Superfine, a member of the DukeEngage student advisory board, acknowledged that every student may not have the same level of experience. As a participant in DukeEngage Colombia 2010, Superfine had a near-ideal DukeEngage experience. “We were friends with students at the local university, engaged in their school and social life,” Superfine said. “Seeing street art in Medellin turned me on to my thesis topic.” DukeEngage administrators want students to get this kind of synthesis and application to their education out of their experience, though it does not always happen. Institutional and curricular changes are being developed to better address this problem and help bring some equity across DukeEngage experiences. “From talking to students, we need to help students connect their DukeEngage experience with the overall arc of educational trajectory,” said Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education. “For some, this works very well, for others the connections are harder to make. I think a thoughtful analysis of how the curriculum can and can’t connect with DukeEngage is what we need to do.” The reporter participated in DukeEngage South Africa-Durban 2012.
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4 | THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
DSG from page 2
than a short-term fix. Sophomore Derek Rhodes, vice president for Durham and regional affairs,
“We discuss this every year, and that is embarrassing and makes DSG look bad.”
— Patrick Oathout, executive vice president
SOPHIE TURNER/THE CHRONICLE
Arabic language students and faculty enjoy an evening of music, Middle Eastern dance and more.
“Writing... is like driving a car at night. You can only see as far as your headlights, but you can make the whole trip that way.” - E. L. Doctorow The Thompson Writing Program wants to see your favorite quotes about writing! One quote per week will be selected to appear in The Chronicle. Submitters are eligible to win a $25 gift card to Whole Foods Market. Please visit http://twp.duke.edu to submit.
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expressed his frustration with the Senate delaying a final decision about The Chanticleer’s budget, and chose to leave the meeting altogether. “We discuss this every year, and that is embarrassing and makes DSG look bad,” Oathout said. “The only way that yearbooks benefit students are the yearbooks that linger around offices on campus, but most yearbooks leave campus and don’t help students at all.” The Senate approved $74,150 for The Chanticleer, but stipulated that the money be “frozen” until Chanticleer leaders create an opt-in policy for seniors to declare that they want a yearbook. In the past, The Chanticleer has been printed and mailed to every member of the senior class following graduation, Krieger said. The new policy will also allow underclassmen to pre-order copies. Last year, there were 900 printed and delivered to underclassmen. Junior Dan Pellegrino was the only senator to vote against passing the final budget. The budget from the previous year was $479,535.97.
“I am happy to see that the Senate really took the time to layout the best plan for the student body,” said sophomore Tre’ Scott, vice president for services. In Other Business: Young Trustee-elect Chris Brown, a senior, has created an email account to better connect with undergraduate students. Brown collaborated with existing YT members to create YoungTrustee@Duke. edu, an email address that will send messages to an account that is checked by all of the undergraduate Young Trustees. Brown announced that the account is now accepting messages. “Something that I campaigned on was being a Young Trustee that stays in touch with the student body more so than Young Trustees in the past have,” Brown said. He added that the experience of being an undergraduate can not be conveyed through outside sources, such as The Chronicle. The only way to fully represent the needs of the student body is to be in direct contact with undergraduates. The graduate Young Trustees are working on creating a separate email account to receive feedback from graduate students. Freshman Abhi Sanka, sophomore James Kennedy, freshman Hannah McCracken and sophomore Cameron Tripp were elected as board of election’s selection committee. They were elected using a “heads up, seven up” voting method, in which the Senate put their heads on the table and raised their thumbs to vote. President-elect Stefani Jones, a junior, proposed allocating $1,500 to buy pizza for students for the Last Day of Classes concert. The Senate approved.
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>> THE BLUE ZONE
We continue our countdown of Andre Dawkins’ top-five career performances on the sports blog with No. 2: His 22-point effort vs. FSU sports.chronicleblogs.com
April 18, 2013 www.dukechroniclesports.com
UNC sweeps short-handed Duke Duke snaps losing skid
by Olivia Banks THE CHRONICLE
The No. 11 Blue Devils took on one of their toughest opponents of the season Wednesday in crosstown rival, No. 1 North Carolina. With only five players able to compete, Duke (14-7, 5-4 in the ACC) came up short, falling 4-0 to the Tar Heels (22-2, 8-1) at ConeKenfield Tennis Center in Chapel Hill. With injured sophomore Ester Goldfeld unable to compete due to an injury, the Blue Devils got off to a shaky start, forfeiting the No. 3 doubles match and getting down early on the two remaining courts. Junior Marianne Jodoin and sophomore Annie Mulholland faced the No. 52 doubles team Caroline Price and Whitney Kay of North Carolina. The Blue Devils fell behind 5-0 early on, and could not manage to make a comeback, dropping the set 8-1. “We just got off to a bad start in doubles and that hurt us,” head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “We just can’t afford to lose doubles matches that quick.” On court one, the No. 14 pair of Mary Clayton and junior Hanna Mar took on the Tar Heels’ No. 31 Lauren McHale and Ashely Dai, but play was stopped at 5-5 with the doubles point already decided. In addition to the doubles match, the Blue Devils had to forfeit the No. 6 singles position, giving North Carolina a significant advantage.
by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE
STEVEN BAO/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
SEE W. TENNIS ON PAGE 6
With Ester Goldfeld out due to an injury, the Blue Devils continued to play short-handed against UNC.
Halting a three-game losing streak, No. 9 Duke finished its regular-season road schedule with a 14-6 win against Davidson at Richardson Stadium in Davidson, N.C. Seven different Blue Devils found the back of the net in the win as Duke (10-4) has now reached DUKE 14 double-digit wins for 16 consecutive 6 DAV seasons. Although the Wildcats took an early 2-0 lead, the Blue Devils quickly tied it up and took the lead with a 6-0 run, giving them a lead they would not relinquish. Sophomore Taylor Trimble led Duke’s goal scoring with a hat trick while Kerrin Maurer, Makenzie Hommel, Maddy Morrissey, Molly Quirke and Kelci Smesko all added two goals apiece. Maurer led the way in points with five, also tallying three assists. Duke goaltender Kelsey Duryea improved to 6-3 as a starter with five saves while adding two ground balls. The Blue Devils finish their regularseason schedule Saturday at Koskinen Stadium against Ohio State at 1 p.m.
How I learned to ask good questions I came to my first Chronicle sports meeting hoping for an outlet to publish my musings as an ardent Blue Devil fan. I wanted to contribute to The Chronicle’s sports blog, and I wanted to write about the basketball team’s jerseys. Specifically, I wanted to write about the fact that four of the men’s basketball team’s five losses in the Jacob 2010 season came when they wore the black jerseys, while only one came while the team was wearing blue jerseys. The story, as I envisioned it, would address the question, “are the black jerseys somehow unlucky?” Gabe Starosta, the editor of the section at the time, told me I could not make that my first byline, even if it were only a blog post. “If that’s the first thing you write about,” he said, “then no one will ever take you seriously again. You need to establish credibility first.” I grudgingly agreed to take on other stories first, pledging to eventually write a column calling for the team to eliminate the alternate jerseys. Thankfully, while I was ‘building credibility’ by writing other stories, I came to realize that the premise behind my initial article was what we now refer to as a “clown question.” Obviously, Gabe knew that would happen, and I’m glad he did. It might seem like the preceding
anecdote was a 200-word excuse to make a joke about clown questions, but I assure you there’s more to it than that. Asking questions is the most important—and most difficult—part of being a journalist by far. Although there’s a lot to be said for being a good writer, the skill is highly overrated if unaccompanied by the ability to ask good questions. There are already computer programs that can pump out a game recap if given quotes and statistics, and there are a whole lot of folks who can piece together a few active sentences. The process of asking questions is multi-faceted. A good reporter must ask the right questions, phrase their questions well and have the courage to actually ask them. As with many things in life, preparation is crucial to the first element of asking a good question. Particularly when writing previews, I learned that I should always get a sense of the team Duke would be playing before I began. In the real world, I’ll take that mindset with me. In some ways, though, the way a question is phrased is more important than its content. Asking questions that imply an answer, while convenient at times, often prevents the interviewee from giving a fuller, more interesting story. Instead, I saw that the best reporters asked broader questions and actively listened to the answers, following up on interesting angles. In any walk of life, I expect that
TRACY HUANG/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Jacob Levitt writes that he originally came to The Chronicle wanting to write about Duke’s black uniforms.
SEE LEVITT ON PAGE 6
6 | THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
W. TENNIS from page 5
LEVITT from page 5
Already behind 2-0 going into singles play, Duke’s primary focus was looking forward. “You just have to forget the doubles,” Ashworth said. “Even when we win, we have to forget it.” In the early going, Duke did just that. After falling behind 4-1 in the first set, No. 25 Mar battled her way back to a 7-5 first-set victory against North Carolina’s Gina SuarezMalaguti, ranked No. 9 in the nation. On court three, sophomore Annie Mulholland stayed neck-and-neck with Kay and pulled ahead to secure the first set 6-4. She went on to drop the second set 6-0 and was behind in the third when play was stopped following losses for Mary Clayton and Nicole Lipp that secured the win for North Carolina. Mar led 2-1 in the second set when play was stopped. Ashworth said that the team did not take advantage of opportunities on big points. Overall, the team showed signs of improvement from its February loss against the Tar Heels, competing much more aggressively against the top-ranked North Carolina squad. The Blue Devils were counting on a much longer match, which would have allowed the girls to put more pressure on the Tar Heels. But with a 2-0 deficit going into singles, the team was unable to take a lead. “We were just in a hole,” Ashworth said. “But the matches were a lot closer this time than they were the last time we played them.”
the most successful people ask questions that allow the respondent to provide insight, probing for more interesting information. It’s easy to get caught up in “coach-speak” but essential not to. For me, though, mustering the courage to ask tough questions was always the most difficult part of being a journalist. I found this difficult for several reasons. First and foremost, I was often in awe of the athlete or coach I was speaking to, particularly on the occasions I got to speak with those in the revenue sports. In my first experiences covering basketball and football, I was in awe of the players I spoke with—it’s weird to wear someone’s jersey one day and ask him questions the next. But I eventually realized that while the individual I was speaking with might have graced ESPN’s front page, he was also a classmate and a regular person. That even goes for Coach K, who has no qualms with playfully teasing reporters. That’s something I’ll always carry with me as I enter the business world. After talking to the greatest basketball coach of all time—even as one of many reporters in a press conference—there is no reason to be intimidated by anyone else. There are a lot of wonderful things I can take from my experience at The Chronicle—amazing memories of events I’ve been privileged to cover, and friendships I look forward to maintaining the rest of my life—but I think that the ability to ask solid questions may be the greatest life skill I take from my time at the paper. Jacob Levitt is a Trinity senior. He has been an associate editor for the sports section for three years and a football beat writer.
SAM JACTEL/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Sophomore Annie Mulholland won her first set of singles but never finished the match.
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THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013 | 7
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Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. (No number is repeated in any column, row or box.)
MT. FUJI ASIAN BISTRO SUSHI & BAR SPECIALS
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8 | THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
Open the door to innovation According to some profes- ard Brodhead to be carried out sors, Duke’s overly restrictive by Gregory Wray, chair of the intellectual property policies University Committee on Patare hampering the University’s ent Policy, should endeavor to ability to achieve its full entre- tackle two questions. preneurial potential. A portion From a philosophical perof Duke’s Policy spective, the on Inventions, University must editorial Patents and critically asTechnology Transfer allows the sess the legitimate scope of its University to collect 50 to 75 claims to the profit made by percent of the net profit made faculty and student inventions. off of faculty or student inven- In the past, these claims have tions that are made with insti- been predicated on pedagogitutional resources. Although cal grounds: Since University questions surrounding Duke’s instruction and facilities enintellectual property policies ables students to create new, are complex, a liberalized pol- pragmatic inventions, Duke icy that demands less in royal- should be entitled to a portion ties is both fairer to innovators of the profit made from invenand in the best interest of the tions that rely on such mentorUniversity. ing and resources. This claim, An upcoming review of however, has little merit. StuDuke’s policies, which was com- dents accrue benefits from the missioned by President Rich- University throughout their
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time here and use that knowledge in a variety of ways after graduation. That’s simply the function of the University. The resource claim is more difficult to assess. Undeniably, the University makes innovation possible by bearing the costs of resource-intensive research and development, permitting students and faculty the financial security and intellectual support to engage in innovative projects. Although the University should be compensated to some extent, the current policy represents an undue penalty on projects in technology-intensive fields. Because the inputs and outputs of engineering and medical projects are immediately monetarily quantifiable—in the form of laboratory space, supplies and raw materials as well
as patents—it is easier to practically assess the extent of Duke’s involvement. Yet practicality alone should not constitute a justification. Even though we agree on the principle that no invention is produced alone—and grant that the University is in some part responsible for the inventions that students and faculty introduce—there is a practical argument for liberalizing intellectual property policies. If promoting entrepreneurship is an institutional goal, then Duke should do everything in its power to incentivize risk-taking innovation. A culture conducive to entrepreneurship requires that all potential impediments are mitigated, which will signal to current and future innovators that the University is fully behind
them. Whatever costs Duke will bear will likely be offset by the potential reputational benefits that the University will accrue as successful inventors become socially prominent. Further, Duke will be able to more concretely convey its role in growing entrepreneurship to prospective students and faculty. Again, liberalized intellectual property policies will not by themselves inculcate the type of innovative culture Duke seeks to promote. Still, it is important both practically and philosophically for the University to do everything in its power to facilitate innovative activities. Going forward, Duke should be primarily concerned with allowing entrepreneurship to flourish, instead of acting as a gatekeeper to inventions’ immediate monetary benefits.
Knowing when Duke’s not normal
t was five o’clock on a brisk October morning, and she needed help. Why had Duke so quickly changed I was sitting on the steps to a teammate’s apart- my standards for what was normal? ment complex. I’d already called him three or If I could offer other Duke students one single four times and called his roommate piece of advice—both for how to get once—neither had answered. I was the most out of the seemingly unsupposed to be giving him a ride to bounded opportunities here and for the airport; we were heading to New how to maximize one’s chances of Haven for a tournament and had to making it out of this school without catch a seven o’clock flight. I called lasting physical or emotional scars— one of our other teammates, and she it’s to step back every once and awhile responded, “He’s probably just passed ask: “How would I have reacted to this out drunk somewhere. If I were you, event before I was a Duke student?” elena botella I’d go to the airport without him.” And It is amazing how quickly we come without a second thought, I took her a rebirth of wonder to take for granted how special Duke advice and left for the airport alone. can be. In my years at Duke, I have ridWhile this was happening, Drew was unconscious, den a hot air balloon on the East Campus quad, met with two collapsed lungs, in a stairwell behind the two cabinet secretaries, been the student of one of Marketplace. He wouldn’t be found until later that my favorite authors and gotten feedback on my writafternoon, and he died the next day. ing from some of my favorite journalists. Things that There are lots of benign reasons why a student would have been the highlight of my month or year wouldn’t be where he was supposed to be at five in the as a high school student happen at least once a week morning. He might have set his alarm for 4:30 p.m. at Duke—and the main reason why these things don’t instead of a.m., or he may not have realized his phone happen every single day is because I have to pass my was set on silent. The best guess for where a Duke stu- classes and at least occasionally clean my bathroom. dent might be if he’s failed to show up somewhere at Your values might evolve as a Dukie. You might five in the morning is safe, asleep, in bed. become more liberal or more conservative or I wouldn’t feel ashamed if my teammate had told more of a radical. More or less religious. You might me: “He probably just forgot to set an alarm. If I were change majors or hobbies. If you don’t change at all, you, I’d go to the airport without him,” and then I you probably haven’t really had an education. But left for the airport. But I left thinking the most likely students also change in more specific, and someexplanation was that he was passed out drunk, and I times insidious, ways. They change their ideas about didn’t even think that was weird. There is nothing I money and class, about sex, relationships and famcould have done to prevent what happened to a great ily. They change their sleep schedules and their very guy I didn’t know all that well, but I feel guilt about definitions of what it means to be successful and treating as normal something that I shouldn’t have what it means to live a good life. Maybe “change” is treated as normal. too strong of a word because we aren’t directly comTo routinely get really, really drunk isn’t uncom- paring two alternative worldviews and actively selectmon for students at Duke, and it’s no secret that in ing the better one; we morph into people our high some communities at Duke, routinely getting really, school selves might not have recognized, without really drunk is the norm. Most Duke students who even realizing that it’s happening. routinely get really, really drunk will graduate without If you’re a 2017er, I’d sit down this summer and suffering any significant consequences, significantly ask yourself as many specific questions as possible taper off their drinking when they enter the “real about friendships, money, careers, learning and comworld,” and let that be that. But because routinely get- munity obligations, so that you’ll be able to compare ting really, really drunk is so common at Duke, we’re your “befores” and “afters” while you’re at Duke. So left unable to clearly differentiate between those you can identify how you’re changing—and reverse among our friends for whom drinking has become changes in yourself you’re not happy with. If you’re a a serious problem in their lives, or those who are current student, take time to acknowledge all the ways drinking as a result of other serious problems in their in which Duke is not normal. lives. Before Drew died, if you’d told me that anyone I knew over the age of 22 was “probably just passed Elena Botella is a Trinity senior. This is her final colout drunk somewhere,” I would have been seriously umn of the semester. You can follow Elena on Twitter @ concerned for her well-being and would’ve thought elenabotella.
Gay marriage isn’t a right
THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013 | 9
efore I begin, I’m not ignorant. I am As shown, attaining a license of marriage is cognizant of the differing viewpoints neither a natural nor legal right. This doesn’t pertaining to this complicated issue. mean homosexuals should not be married. It Also, I’m not a bigot. I hold no merely means that the court contempt toward homosexudoesn’t have the prerogative als. I respect their natural rights to invalidate the two laws curinherent in their humanity, as rently under consideration. well as their legal rights accordThe government certainly ed by the laws of this land. Achas the ability to enforce legiscording to research noted by lation based solely on morality. Nicholas Kristof, conservatives Consider polygamy. No state generally understand liberals marriage licenses for jonathan zhao issues whereas liberals find conservapolygamous unions. Polygamy free markets, tive reasoning incompreheninvolves a harmless, consensufree people sible. Most at Duke have never al activity between adults. The contended with a legitimate state generally has no business defense of legislation outlawing gay marriage. regulating such interactions. However, there I will do so without sophistry or theology. is a significant moral consideration. Most find Most gay marriage advocates posit mar- polygamy intuitively wrong. As such, society riage as a right. There are two types of rights, has outlawed polygamists from marriage. The natural and legal. same moral considerations hold true for laws Natural rights are those self-evident, un- against incest and the like. To argue that moalienable rights derived from the “laws of na- rality should not influence law is to likewise ture,” according to the Declaration of Inde- accept these other activities. The people must pendence. decide whether or not marriage should inThere are three main natural rights. clude homosexuals, not the judiciary. First, individuals have the right to own Justice Antonin Scalia has echoed my reaproperty. Humans own their own body and soning. Scalia is “unwilling to… announce … the labor of their body. Objects that are the a fundamental right to engage in homosexual product of this labor are thus owned by the sodomy.” Furthermore, “State laws against individual. Read Locke’s labor theory of prop- bigamy, same-sex marriage, adult incest … are erty for more. likewise sustainable only in light of [Bowers v. Second, individuals have a right to life. Hardwick]’s validation of laws based on moral This can be seen as a subset of the previous choices.” right. To deprive someone of life is to do irSome believe that laws restricting the defireversible harm to his body. nition of marriage are equivalent to racial laws Third, individuals have a right to liberty. oppressing minorities. Our nation’s common This right stems from the inalienable free will law is based only on actions. Race is a characof each individual. Actions are manifestations teristic, not an action. Homosexuality necesof the will. Individuals have the right to sat- sarily is a behavior. Thus, it can be legislated isfy their own desires free from interference against if deemed to be immoral. This ontogiven that it doesn’t cause substantial harm to logical distinction between actions and charothers. By substantial, I mean that the harm acteristics is subtle but paramount. passes a high enough threshold to justify reOpponents claim that homosexuals’ not restriction. For example, playing Nickleback ceiving tax benefits violates their equal rights. loudly from my car decreases the utility of oth- The green energy industry receives financial ers. However, it is not harmful enough to strip support from the government, thus all indusme of the liberty to play it. However, hitting tries must receive the same subsidy, right? Of someone with a baseball bat passes the thresh- course not. Financial incentives for marriage old and is thus prohibited. are the same. The rights of unmarried citiHomosexuals are certainly endowed with zens, gay or not, aren’t violated. According to these natural rights. However, access to the research done at the University of Texas-Ausinstitution of marriage cannot be considered tin, children with heterosexual parents fare natural. Matrimony is one of many contracts. better on certain quality of life indicators than The relationship between a lawyer and a de- those from homosexual households. If this is fendant or a doctor and a patient are also con- true, then the government has an interest in tractual. No one would argue that all people promoting heterosexual marriage: There’s a have the natural right to be doctors or lawyers positive externality. if they so please. Thus, to make the case that The last objection is that my argument promarriage is a natural right, you would have motes a kangaroo state. Tyranny of the majorto argue that there is something fundamen- ity only exists if the rights of the minority are tally different about the contract of marriage. inhibited. Homosexuals retain all natural and There is no valid reasoning leading to such a legal rights. A law disallowing homosexuals conclusion. from owning houses is unconstitutional, but Now, let’s consider if access to marriage is one precluding them from a marriage license a legal right. isn’t. Homosexuals can engage in a homosexLegal rights are mutually agreed upon ual relationship. It is up to the people whethbetween the people and the government er or not that relationship can be defined as through the social contract. The equal pro- a marriage. tection clause of the 14th Amendment is ofLost in this conversation is something far ten pointed to. It has been historically used more dangerous. In 2011, President Obama regarding racial minorities. However, homo- unilaterally decided that DOMA was unconsexual access to marriage is not analogous. stitutional. He then ordered the Department Homosexuals are not denied their basic rights of Justice not to defend DOMA. This strikes as guaranteed by the Constitution such as the at the separation of powers essential to our right to fair trial. Nor are homosexuals be- Constitution. The executive does not have the ing denied equal coverage by the law. Crimes authority to selectively enforce laws passed by committed against homosexuals are fully pros- the legislature. His duty is to enforce the law. ecuted. They are granted equal protection in The real injustice is Obama’s assault on the any reasonable interpretation of the clause. foundational structure of our government. The issuance of a marriage license is not such This column will certainly be ill received. a guaranteed protection. The government Disagreement engenders constructive diahas no obligation to grant a marriage license logue. My hope is that supporters of gay marto anyone who wants one. For example, not riage no longer strawman conservatives as igeveryone has access to a driver’s license. Does norant, homophobic, Bible thumpers. that mean that the rights of blind citizens are being violated? There is nothing unconstituJonathan Zhao is a Trinity freshman. This is his tional about selectively issuing licenses. Gay final column of the semester. Jonathan will join the marriage isn’t a legal right. Editorial Board next semester.
Love in a time of need
t times throughout my life, it horrendous events of the day, rather served me well to find solace in than the excitement and appreciation a prolonged period of silence. they should have experienced after In moments when I the race. Let them be damned thought that it could who end the lives of the not possibly get any innocent. Let them be worse, I would search damned who leave parfor the silence necesents without children, sary to offset my deafhusbands without wives ening thoughts. Such and cities without citimeditation allowed me to confront that which mousa alshanteer zens. Who am I to say that the world is a good was avoided—to conyou don’t say? place when I have not sider what I had not been affected, personconsidered for preservation of my sanity. In fact, this is ex- ally, by the tragedies of Newtown and actly what happened after I found out Boston, amidst many others? How am about the explosions at the Boston I to say that the world is a good place Marathon. Only this time, I was angry, when tragedies, such as those menand it didn’t seem that the silence of tioned above, continue to occur on a the night or the introspection that ac- regular basis? At this point, the silence did not companied it would make me feel any better. My thoughts had deafened me, prevent my rage or preserve my sanity. and there was no way of confronting It allowed my thoughts to overwhelm them introspectively without letting me once and for all and replaced my love, intelligence and rationality with them out in the first place. In spite of our faults, we remain a hatred, foolishness and confusion. Ingood friend to the world that we live stead of strengthening me and comin. No other country has displayed its pelling me to confront my weaknesses, commitment to the common good like I was rendered frail by the very silence the United States. We have fought on that I sought out in a time of need. Minutes later, the same silence would behalf of other nations, sent our best physicians to heal adversarial leaders, lead me to different conclusions. I immediately remembered the funded efforts to reduce hunger and poverty, and provided the majority of first responders, race participants and volunteers who risk their lives for in- volunteers running to the scene in an effort to help. I immediately rememnumerable causes. There are those who say that we bered the stories of race participants should not intervene in other nations continuing to run until they arrived and that we should care for our own na- at Massachusetts General Hospital, tion’s wellbeing. But how can a nation where they willingly donated blood to founded upon life, liberty and the pur- victims of the explosions. Help was ofsuit of happiness not ensure that such fered by many citizens despite numerrights are appreciated throughout the ous attempts to prevent them from world today? Then again, perhaps we doing so. People helped others they should care only for ourselves if prob- did not know, and likely never will, precisely because they knew that it was lems like this continue to occur. Angry, foolish and confused, I con- the right thing to do. We’ve witnessed such occurrences tinued to release my thoughts into the despite the presence of inconceivable silence of the night. When others need help, we are tragedies. While there is a propensity there for them. However, when we are to denounce the world as horrible, the ones who need help, we are here it is important to remember that, in for ourselves. Why is that? Why is it general, it is not. Every human has a that we care for the very world that bad side, but very few lend themselves turns its back on us in times of need? over to it. In fact, our good side alWhen will this world understand that most always trumps the bad. If we aim our lives are valued, intertwined and for the good in our lives, the balance symbiotic? When will this world under- will remain tipped in our favor. In the stand that nothing is resolved through end, love always wins. I know this bedeath, violence and terrorism? For cause I trust that God is love, and that some reason, I do not care who set such love is eventually impossible to up the explosions, because regardless repel. Evil wins only when we stop seeof who they are or where they come ing love, and in the case when hundreds ran to help their fellow Amerifrom, the result is the same. For too many, and for too long, to- cans after the explosions, I refuse to morrow will not be another day. Beds stop seeing it. Let it be known that despite the will not be slept in; dreams will not be achieved; birthdays will not be celebrat- evil evident in the world today, we, ed; vows will not be made; and thou- as a nation, will refuse to concede sands will mourn the losses of Boston. our sight of love in all circumstances, What’s more, tens of thousands will re- for love is what will keep us strong member the Oklahoma City bombing, throughout it all. September 11th, Columbine, Virginia Tech, Aurora and Newtown. The chilMousa Alshanteer is a Trinity freshdren, the mothers and the fathers who man. This is his final column of the semesdecided to do something special in ter. You can follow Mousa on Twitter @ their lives will forever remember the mousaalshanteer.
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10 | THURSDAY, APRIL 18, 2013
PATENT from page 1 whether it is worth pursuing a patent for it. One concern that some faculty, such as Bill Brown, professor of the practice of law, have is that the OLV may not be properly staffed to adequately handle all the invention disclosure forms that go through the office. “The University has a problem identifying what’s worthwhile and what’s not,” Brown said. “[The OLV] is in a really tough position to take on all these inventions.” In fiscal year 2012, OLV received a total 214 IDFs, according to statistics provided by the office. A little more than half of the forms—117—were deemed to have potential in the market and were moved directly into active marketing mode. For these 117 technologies, Duke claimed intellectual property rights. Approximately 20 percent of the submitted IDFs were evaluated as unsuitable for the market environment and were offered back to the inventors with no claims on the property rights of the inventions. The remaining 25 percent of submitted innovations were placed in a strategic hold in which a potential product requires further development before patenting and licensing. Brown suggested that some of the work could be outsourced to experts in appropriate departments to evaluate the inventions more fairly. That way, good ideas are not lost in a sea of IDFs, he said. Currently, the OLV has eight full-time employees and three part-time employees that handle the technology transfer process. Though a larger staff is always advantageous, resources are limited and the OLV is currently capable of handling the volume of IDFs received, said Rose Ritts, executive director of the OLV. “What I’d like to see is the numbers of disclosures increase,” Ritts said. “That would drive the staff for the OLV to increase as well.” Arti Rai, professor of law, also expressed some concern about the professional background of the OLV staff and their ability to act as liaisons between inventors and an industry. “The technology transfer process is best viewed as an opportunity for building relationships with industry,” Rai wrote in an email Tuesday. “Individual faculty members working in a particular field often have the best contacts with a given industry.” Although faculty members provide a high level of expertise,
quite a few of the OLV staff also hold advanced degrees in the natural sciences that give them technical expertise in their own right, Ritts said. The role of the OLV is to act as a conduit into the market environment. “What we do is track what’s happening in the market space,” Ritts said. “We do have the technical skills, but the real thing that helps us is the connectivity to a continually changing market.” She added that the OLV works very closely with the inventors themselves, who are usually the most qualified technical experts in most cases. There may be another misconception about the OLV that has led to perceptions of inadequacy in OLV staff. IDFs are not judged based on how much money they can bring in or how valuable the proposed ideas are, Ritts said. The key is to find a partner willing to pay for this invention to make it to the market. “The question becomes whether there’s a strategy that has enough of the pieces needed to get a successful licensing agreement,” Ritts said. “As long as we can find a partner, then we move forward, regardless of what the technology is.” Not an incubator Because of the OLV’s strictly technical role in technology transfer, faculty looking to the office for funds or a nurturing environment will likely be disappointed, Toone noted. “[The OLV] is not a venture capital fund or an incubator for new inventions and ideas,” Toone said. “Right now, OLV is just a piece of the process.” The University would benefit from a large central incubator offering guidance on the process of turning inventions into products, Toone added. He pointed to the Duke Translational Research Institute and the Duke Translational Medicine Institute as two groups that provide valuable information about how mostly medical innovations fit into the broader market. Ritts said her greatest frustration is not being able to provide inventors with a nurturing environment. “Before people even have a working invention, they have a lot of questions and they need mentoring and a community,” Ritts said. “I haven’t had the resources to provide them with that. There are pockets of those resources, but it’s just not enough.” Experts who study patent policy have argued that Duke may come up short in terms of entrepreneurial atmosphere when
compared to places like Stanford University or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Robert Cook-Deegan, director for Genome Ethics, Law and Policy at the Duke Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy said that perhaps the question to ask is not what the University is doing wrong, but rather what Stanford and MIT did to get it right. Toone said, however, that it is not fair to compare Duke to these two schools because the environment surrounding each of the institutions differs too greatly. “Stanford is in Palo Alto and you have MIT in Boston—half of all the venture money is invested in these two places,” Toone said. “We have Research Triangle Park, but nobody lives there. There are no restaurants, so it’s hard to attract the right people to come here.” There is plenty of entrepreneurial spirit within the Duke community, but right now, Duke does not have the “critical mass” needed to attract private equity firms or CEOs to the area, Toone noted. Although RTP is gradually becoming more entrepreneurship-friendly, there is still a large gap in the support available for technology transfer programs in the Triangle area relative to Stanford and MIT.
BRIDGE from page 1 The project will take a hiatus to leave Campus Drive open for traffic during Freshman Move-in in August. “We’ve been doing a lot of brainstorming, trying to think of every issue, every situation,” Williams said. “Communication is key to get information to the Duke community, so students, faculty and staff will know how to get to and from East Campus with minimum disruptions.” The construction wwill also prevent bridge painting by firstyear advisory counselors as part of freshman orientation. “While painting the bridge has definitely always been a valued tradition used to welcome first-years to campus and start fostering some dorm pride, we are excited to work with our FACs and FAC Board to develop a new tradition that can be carried on alongside bridge painting,” senior Derek Lindsey, co-chair of the FAC Board, wrote in an email. “Luckily, the construction is temporary so the Class of 2017 will still be able to enjoy the use of the bridge while they’re here on campus.”
Announcement of Award Recipients Congratulations to the following students, student organizations, faculty, and administrators who have been awarded Duke University’s most prestigious campus-wide honors for leadership and service. Recipients accepted these honors at the Duke University Student Leadership and Service Awards program on April 17, 2013.
Betsy Alden Outstanding Service-Learning Awards Haley Barrier Baldwin Scholars Unsung Heroine Award Nelly-Ange Kontchou Class of 2016 Leadership Award Jesse Hu Luke Maier Gayle Powell Carolyn Rath Zalika Sankara Julie Anne Levey Memorial Leadership Award Jay Sullivan Student Aﬀairs Distinguished Leadership and Service Award Samantha Lachman Kristen Lee Wilma Metcalf Julie Rivo Ashley Tsai
William J. Griﬃth University Service Award Sujatha Jagannathan John McGinty Kathleen Perry Jocelyn Streid Ashley Tsai Ting-Ting Zhou Lars Lyon Volunteer Service Award James Flynn
Duke University Union Service Awards Committee of the Year:
Duke Student Broadcasting Most Improved Committee:
Most Valuable Players:
Angie Yu and Danny Nolan
Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award Kathleen Perry
Duke Student Government Awards Todd Adams Joe Gonzalez
Leading at Duke Leadership and Service Awards Andrew Hanna Kenai McFadden Abhi Shah Sophomore Class Council
Faculty Staﬀ Student Interaction Award Christian Ferney
Faculty and Staﬀ Student Interaction Award Christian Ferney
Thursday April 18 2013