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The Chronicle




‘The right message’

BC parking off-limits to students

Pulling strings

Duke and other top colleges struggle to attract low-income applicants

by Patton Callaway THE CHRONICLE

by Tiffany Lieu THE CHRONICLE

As Duke prepares to release its admissions decisions next Wednesday, some in the higher education community are evaluating how accessible the college application process is to low-income students. A recent study suggests that high-achieving low-income students are falling through the cracks during the college admissions process. The study—conducted by Caroline Hoxby, professor of economics at Stanford University, and Christopher Avery, professor of public policy and management at Harvard University—found that the vast majority of high-achieving students from low-income families do not apply to top colleges or universities. Although financial limitations stand as a significant deterrent for students, Alison Rabil, assistant vice provost and director of financial aid, said the greater problem results from the students’ inability to access information. Duke administrators say the University takes steps to reach out to potential applicants across income brackets, but the problem persists. “We have to communicate [the financial aid system] in such a way that students who are interested in Duke will apply,” Rabil said. “You shouldn’t have to completely understand the system to take advantage of it—that would be SEE INCOME ON PAGE 12


Students perform a “Waltz, a puppet show” in East Duke Thursday evening, as part of senior Don Tucker’s distinction project.

Substance abuse reflects sense of freedom by Georgia Parke THE CHRONICLE


Young adults abuse substances because they have a sense of freedom and boundaries, said psychology researcher Jeffrey Arnett.

From the ages of 18 to 25, substance abuse occurs because of a period of freedom and lack of concrete obligations, according to psychologist Jeffrey Arnett. Arnett, a research professor of psychology at Clark University, spoke to about 50 professors, researchers and graduate students Thursday at the Sanford School of Public Policy about his research on the timeline of substance abuse and its peak in early adulthood, which involved interviewing 300 Americans from ages 18-29. During emerging adulthood—a term coined by Arnett to describe the time from age 18 through a person’s twenties—five features distinguish and dictate the decisions a person makes about substance use. These include identity exploration, instability, self-focusing, feeling in-between and anticipating the possibilities that will determine the outcome of the rest of life.

“You should be doing extreme things, because you’ll have good stories to tell,” he said. “It’s a fun and exciting time when they should be allowed to do exciting things, but that may include substance abuse.” According to Arnett’s research, binge drinking peaks from the ages of 18 to 22. Other forms of drug abuse were also at their high during that age range. Arnett explained this by suggesting that emerging adults have instability in their jobs, relationships and residence, much of which is involuntary and usually not as prominent later or earlier in life. This variance can cause a stressful or anxious time period in which people self-medicate with drugs or alcohol. At that age, people tend to focus on developing themselves and experimenting with their identity before becoming responsible for others. The freedom that comes SEE DRUGS ON PAGE 4


Blue Devils to take Albany, Page 5

“Rand Paul will fall. But he may be crazy enough to prevail...” —Pi Praveen in ‘Underdog.’ See column page 10

Officials are cracking down on students parking in the Bryan Center garage. Duke Parking and Transportation emailed a memo to the entire student body Aug. 29 to inform them the access to Parking Garage IV at the Bryan Center is no longer available at any time for residential student vehicles. Regardless, students continued to park in the garage throughout the semester. The space is now marked by a sign noting that it is reserved for visitors and employees only. “The garage is the cornerstone in terms of visitor parking, and it also services PGIV permit holders” said Sam Veraldi, director of parking and transportation services. He noted that employees who work in the general area of the garage—including those who work at the Barber Shop, University Stores, Divinity School and other West Campus buildings—can purchase the PGIV permits. These permit spots account for approximately 85 percent of the garage’s total parking spots. Available spots outside of the PGIV permit zone in the garage and the 55 surface spots directly outside are for visitors only, used especially for events held on West Campus, such as concerts, weddings, conventions and speakers. Since Feb. 25, a sign reading “Garage Reserved for Event Attendees, PGIV Permit Holders, University Store, Chapel/Barber Shop ONLY” was placed at the entrance of the garage. The sign remained outside the garage even on days when there was no official event. “We’re trying to [put out the sign] as a deterrent. I would say that if [the sign] was out, and there were no events, then we were low on spaces,” said Renee Adkins, special events and enforcement manager. Veraldi added that students living off campus are allowed to park in the garage or surface lot because they are considered “classified visitors,” but he urged off-campus students who have a Blue Zone pass to park there. Off-campus students who rely on parking in the garage, however, cannot check online to see if the parking spaces in the Bryan Center are booked for an event. “It’s something that’s on our radar,” Veraldi said. “We could very easily put something on the TransLoc system on a day-to-day basis. I think that’s one area of improvement for us.” The physical barrier prohibiting parking in the garage has infuriated students who are used to parking there daily. Sophomore Mia Hopper relied on parking in the garage for her off-campus job. SEE PARKING ON PAGE 4

Duke & UVA partner in language program, Page 3

2 | FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 2013



Kiehart to connect Faculty hear answers on background checks the sciences as dean by Caroline Michelman THE CHRONICLE


The Academic Council meeting Thursday centered on discussion over a proposal to require criminal background checks for all future faculty hires. Vice President of Administration Kyle Cavanaugh attended the meeting to answer questions about the proposed background checks, which are currently required when hiring University staff as well as faculty members involved in clinical work, but not for other University faculty. The three main variables that will be taken into consideration are the recency, severity and relevance of any convictions an applicant is found to have had in the past seven years. An arrests without a conviction, however, will not be reviewed. “We do not ban anyone from employment at Duke based on our findings in terms of a criminal background check,” Cavanaugh said. “But we take a look at those variables, and we take a look at the relationship [of the conviction] to the position.” Under the current system, for example, an applicant with a record of DUIs will not be hired as a bus driver, Cavanaugh said. The same sort of practical mentality will be applied to background checks for faculty. Cavanaugh added that any findings will be immediately shared with the applicant, allowing them a chance to offer an explanation. “Sometimes there are some legitimate mitigating factors that have to be taken into consideration,” Cavanaugh said. “There are occasions when... you’ve got the wrong Kyle Cavanaugh.” When asked whether current faculty members would have any input on the background check, Provost Peter Lange replied that preserving the applicant’s confidentiality was of greater impor-


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President Richard Brodhead delivers his annual address to the Academic Council at their meeting Thursday. tance. Under the new proposal, the results of a background check would be known to at most five people, all of whom are directly involved in the review process. Informing all the faculty members in a department would essentially make the information public, Lange said. “As faculty, we enjoy privileges not shared by other Duke employees,” said Academic Council Chair Susan Lozier, Ronie-Richele Garcia-Johnson professor of physical oceanography. “But the privilege of being above suspicion is not one I find defensible or desirable.” Although he expects it to have a minimal effect, Cavanaugh said the proposal is a necessary step in the evolution of the faculty evaluation process. SEE COUNCIL ON PAGE 3

When Dan Kiehart, chair of the biology department, takes over as dean of the natural sciences, he plans to promote interdisciplinary collaboration among Duke’s scientific fields. Kiehart, who will replace current dean Robert Calderbank, is a cellular biologist who joined the Duke faculty in 1992. Kiehart was appointed to the position March 8 and will officially take on the role July 1. As dean, he hopes to integrate the natural sciences with Duke’s other schools and the Research Triangle. “One of my major goals going into the job is to really help undergraduates understand that biological research and research in any one of the disciplines has really become interdisciplinary,” Kiehart said. “I’d love to see our introductory courses talk to one another really extensively.” He noted that Duke is advantaged in pursuing interdisciplinary ventures because all of its schools are located on the same campus. As a result, Kiehart wants to better integrate the natural science programs with Duke’s other schools, such as the Pratt School of Engineering, the Nicholas School of Environment and the School of Medicine, as well as take advantage of the University’s location in the Research Triangle. “I want to make sure that anybody who needs a seat at the table to solve a problem, implement a new initiative, [or] anybody who’s interested can come and they can find a good listener and somebody who can advocate for the good ideas that they have,” Kiehart said. “The Ttriangle, as a whole should be more than the sum of the individual institutions of which it is composed... I want to help make it that way.” Kiehart said he has been dedicated to interdepartmentalism within the sciences for years. For example, in his research, he meets weekly with math professor Stephanos Venakides and physics professor Glenn Edwards. Kiehart’s current research focuses on cell shape throughout development and wound healing.

DUKE MARINE LAB FALL 2013: STUDY IN BEAUFORT AND BEYOND Spen Spen Sp end d Fa Fall lll se semes emeste em esste terr at at the e Du uk ke ke Ma Mar arriine n Lab and d tra ave vel vel to oF FRA RA R ANCE or PAN ANAMA for a 10ANA 0--DA DA D AY F FAL ALL AL L BREA REAK RE K!!

Environ 590.85. Field Invertebrate Zoology of the English Channel. NS. (0.5 credits) with travel to Roscoff, Brittany, France.* Biology 570LA-1. Experimental Tropical Ecology. NS, R. (0.5 credits) with travel to Panama.* Visit for a com o pl p et ete e li list st o off experiential courses and research opportunities!! * DDITIONAL TRAVEL COSTS APPLY. *A


Biology department chair Dan Kiehart will become Dean of the Natural Sciences this July. He hopes to push interdepartmental collaboration. Additionally, Kiehart is the chair for the career development award grant panel at the Human Frontier Science Program—based in Strasbourg, France—which provides funding for interdisciplinary and intercontinental collaborations. Venakides, who has worked extensively with Kiehart for 10 years, said Kiehart’s involvement and commitment to interdisciplinary work will allow him to offer guidance to the University as dean. “He has created a positive group environment where everyone’s input is valuable and where all ideas are heard and contribute to the overall effort,” Venakides said of Kiehart’s involvement in the research group. “In the end, everyone’s point of view is broadened and enriched.... Dan Kiehart will be an innovative and at the same time an effective dean of natural sciences.” Currently, Kiehart is part of several University-wide programs that foster both undergraduate and graduate education— SEE KIEHART ON PAGE 12

Join the Board of Directors of a million-dollar-a-year organization. The Chronicle’s publisher, Duke Student Publishing Company Inc. (DSPC), is looking for one undergraduate and one graduate student to join its Board of Directors. Undergraduate candidates must be able to serve a twoyear term; the graduate position is for one year. Members gain real-world business experience as they help guide the campus news media into the future.



DSPC, a North Carolina nonprofit corporation, is neither governed nor funded by Duke University. Please send a resume and a cover letter to Richard Rubin, chair of the nominating committee, at

Application Deadline: March 29, 2013


FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 2013 | 3

Duke, UVA partner to teach Tibetan, Creole by Emily Schmitz THE CHRONICLE

Starting Fall 2013, Duke will partner with University of Virginia to broaden language opportunities for students. The two institutions hope to promote less commonly taught languages by providing students the opportunity to take courses at the other university. Using videoconferencing, Duke students will be able to enroll in a Tibetan language course at UVa. Students at UVa will use the partnership to take a Creole language course at Duke. By offering distance-learning courses, Duke and UVa hope to reach a larger pool of students. On average, there are fewer than 10 students in Duke’s Creole and UVa’s Tibetan classes—but the class size has the potential to significantly increase with the new collaborative initiative. “This is a chance for us to network and create communities with other universities through distance-learning technology,” said Deborah Jenson, director of undergraduate studies and professor of romance studies who created and taught several Creole courses. Yale University has a similar partnership with Columbia University and Cornell University, offering a total of eight languages to students from the other universities, and Duke originally approached Yale faculty about joining their partnership. But they denied Duke’s request, claiming the extra addition would be too much to handle, said Gil Merkx, the director of international and area studies and professor of the practice of sociology.

Merkx added that UVa and Princeton University then expressed interest in forming a partnership with Duke to offer language courses. Although a partnership was only formed with UVa, Princeton may join in a year or two, he said. Duke and UVa will offer one course each semester to students. Duke students can use the UVa courses for credit and to fulfill the language requirement for undergraduates in Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. Students at UVa will also be able to receive course credit through its French department for their Creole course. Unlike other online courses, the language courses will follow the format of a normal class—students from the different universities will be able to ask each other questions, practice verbal skills and see each other with the advanced videoconferencing technology. The TelePresence screens, made by Cisco, allow people to communicate with little delay. When a person talks, a voice-activated camera automatically zooms in on the speaker’s face, Merkx said. “It is a classroom experience with a TelePresence screen, which is almost like being in the room with somebody else,” Merkx said. David Germano, co-director of the Tibet Center at UVa, said the TelePresence technology will be an important asset. “Having a personal presence, someone who’s actually teaching you in a small environment, is very important,” he said.

COUNCIL from page 2 “The number of cases that we’re going to encounter over a five-year period is probably verging on zero,” Lange said. In other business Executive Vice President Tallman Trask provided the council with a brief update on the possibility of cuts to employer contributions to employee 403(b) plans. No proposal has been made, though discussions are ongoing, he noted. “The model we have now, we’ve had for 30 years,” Trask said. “The world is very different now in terms of retirement and retirement expectations.” In his annual address to the Academic Council, President Richard Brodhead focused on what he termed a nationwide “credit crisis” in higher education. “I call it a credit crisis because it involves a crisis in fundamental credence,” Brodhead said. “A breakdown, or at least a possible breakdown, in the public’s confidence that higher education has self-evident value.”

Brodhead cited several complaints about higher education that have recently been circulating in the media, including complaints about rising financial burdens and “dashed hopes” of college graduates who are unable to find a job. As a result, many experts are advocating for universities to more closely assess the value they provide. In his address, Brodhead acknowledged the need for the development of new measures and improvement of current measures of educational success. But there is a tendency for analysts to overstate the importance of traditional metrics, Brodhead said. “[Liberal arts] education aims to engage multiple forms of intelligence to create deep and enduring habits of mind.... The value of this habit of mind is not to be measured by income alone, least of all income one year after graduation,” Brodhead stated. “The value of this habit of mind is that it is equipment for living.... It supplies enrichment for personal lives, equips students to be thoughtful social contributors and prepares students to participate fully and creatively in the dynamic and changing world that awaits them after graduation.”

Connect with The Chronicle through social media for all the latest campus news updates— Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter @DukeChronicle




Slow down. Duke University Chapel Organ Recitals 2013 Take it easy. Robert Parkins

Sunday, March 24, 2013 5:00 p.m.

Explore. Focus. Immerse.

Robert Parkins is the University Organist and a Professor

Discover a diīerent Duke this summer.

of the Practice of Music at Duke. His recordings have appeared on the Calcante, Gothic, Musical Heritage Society, and Naxos labels, and his performances have been described as “fresh and spontaneous, transforming the music from museum artifacts to living works of beauty” (The Diapason). This season’s program, “The Art of Variation,” will include

music by early Spanish, Italian, and German composers on the Brombaugh organ, plus works by Bach and Reger on the Flentrop.

4 | FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 2013


PARKING from page 1

DRUGS from page 1

“I work for Campus Enterprises, and during three of the four academic days per week, I am delivering apparel to different student organizations and making trips to Hillsborough in between classes,” she said. “I need my car to be able to get to class on time.” When asked about students such as Hopper with off-campus jobs, Veraldi recommended that students use the bus system to reach their car in a remote lot. “She’s got a Central Campus permit, right? The bus runs with a high degree of frequency there, so she could go back and forth,” he said. Duke Parking and Transportation provided input for the Bryan Center renovations and had the opportunity to re-evaluate parking logistics in that area, but Veraldi said no physical changes will be made to the current parking garage. Despite the inconveniences that this new rule may cause, Duke Parking and Transportation has begun to develop a future model for parking. New technology allows for personalized passes based on the specific days or the amount of time that an individual needs to park in a certain lot. The technology would also help collect data about parking trends and patterns on campus.

with emerging adulthood—in between adolescence and the responsibilities of being an adult—leads people to try more dangerous activities, such as binge drinking. Despite the fact that some of the age range’s negative qualities may lead to alcohol or drug abuse, Arnett noted that a remarkable optimism accompanies these same qualities. Arnett found that 89 percent of those interviewed said that they were confident that they will get what they want out of life. “It’s marvelous, it’s admirable and it’s worrisome,” Arnett said, drawing laughter from the crowd of mostly middle-aged scholars. “All of us who are older and wiser know that life is not that benevolent.” Arnett attributed this confidence to a concept he “loves” called optimistic bias— the idea that people believe bad things are more likely to happen to other people than themselves. For example, Arnett said, many smokers believe that the negative consequences will not affect them, just others. Arnett also noted that though the results of his research pertain mostly to people in developed countries, citizens of developing nations may undergo similar coming-of-age experiences. There is still

UVA from page 3 The program will provide online office hours via Skype so that students who do not attend the home institution will still be able to ask their professors for help, said Jacques Pierre, visiting lecturer in French, Haitian Creole and Culture in the department of Romance studies who teaches all three levels of Creole at Duke. “It is a great initiative because now it’s


Students are no longer allowed to park in the Bryan Center garage in an effort to open up spaces for campus visitors. “It would create a maximum opportunity for people to take advantage of,” Veraldi said. “Hopefully we’ll be able to start implementing [the technology] before the end of the school year.” kind of like a door open to everyone who’d like to study Creole,” he said. The initiative is effectively cost-neutral for both universities, said Dean of Arts and Sciences Laurie Patton, who had the initial idea for the collaboration. There is little cost to either university because the program involves languages that are already offered. Both Duke and UVa already have TelePresence screens, so there will be no additional technological costs. Merkx estimated that the program will

eventually expand to include more languages and universities if it is successful. But Pierre advised program developers against becoming too dependent on the system. “You can’t rely too much on technology—it’s a great tool, but at the same time you need to think of some kind of backup,” he said. The program is still in its initial phases, but Patton is optimistic about the collaboration’s success. She added that it is im-

a level of variation, however, in the symptoms of emerging adulthood in both developing countries and the United States. “They’re not universal or uniform,” Arnett said. “They don’t occur in the same way everywhere. Adolescence is a privilege.” Megan Golonka, a graduate student in psychology and neuroscience who attended the lecture, said she agrees with Arnett that the problems and causes of substance abuse are valid but not the same across all cultures. “It’s a luxury developing into adulthood,” Golonka said. “The opportunities certainly diminish in third world countries. [The progression into adulthood] is a reflection of the society.” Arnett concluded his presentation with a positive comparison of the present generation to the one before it. Despite the prevalence of substance abuse among emerging adults, it is still lower and accompanies decreased sexual abuse, automobile risk and crime rates than it did about 20 years ago. “When you’re young, you can do certain things you are not allowed to do later,” he said. “Trying out new experiences, engaging in identity explorations—there are a whole lot of things you can do just to see what they are like. You are only young once.” portant for students to gain knowledge of diverse cultures, citing language as a key component of learning about different cultures. “Lesser taught languages are part of a new vision of global education.... They are helpful for students truly wanting to be global citizens and understand knowledge in the service of society,” Patton said. “Universities in this day and age should take advantage of their own resources in lesser taught languages and share them with others.”



The Chronicle

FRIDAY March 22, 2013

Keep up with The Chronicle’s sports blog Friday for live game updates as Duke faces off against Albany in the NCAA Tournament round of 64.


Crazies Duke starts NCAA tourney play at the Big DUKE vs. ALBANY Dance by Tom Gieryn THE CHRONICLE

Friday, March 22 at 12:15 p.m • Wells Fargo Center NCAA TOURNAMENT ROUND OF 64

No. 2 Blue Devils (27-5)





In the words of sophomore point guard Quinn Cook, Duke was “shocked” last season when it became just the sixth second-seeded team in NCAA Tournament history to lose to a No. 15 seed in the first round. In a press conference Tuesday, head coach Mike Krzyzewski emphasized that the team has put that experience behind them, and this year the Blue Devils will get a shot at redemption in another No. 2 versus No. 15 matchup. The opponent this year is the Albany Great Danes, who emerged victorious from the America East Conference tournament to earn that league’s automatic berth to the Big Dance. Under the direction of head coach Will Brown since it joined the America East for the 2001-02 season, Albany has reached the NCAA Tournament twice prior to this season. The Great Danes faced off against No. 1 seed Connecticut in 2006 in their inaugural March Madness opportunity, giving the topseeded Huskies a run for their money in the first round. A 13-0 run out of halftime put Albany ahead by 12 points midway through the second half, but Connecticut ultimately recovered to uphold the No. 1 seeds’ unbeaten streak. Brown’s squad then earned a No. 13 seed the following season behind back-to-back America East titles but were blown out by No. 4 Virginia 84-57. This year’s team opened the season with a win over Duquesne, but then traveled to

MASON PLUMLEE 17.2 PPG, 10.2 RPG RYAN KELLY 14.3 PPG, 5.4 RPG, 48.6 3P% RASHEED SULAIMON 11.5 PPG, 3.3 RPG SETH CURRY 17.0 PPG, 2.7 3PG, 42.4 3P% QUINN COOK 12.4 PPG, 5.2 APG, 42.0 3P%

talked on and off the court so I’m just really looking forward to playing with her in the tournament and know she’s excited to step up for this.” If a No. 2 seed and an emerging star were not enough, the Blue Devils will get to play the first two games of the tournament in Cameron Indoor Stadium, an advantage that will allow

As the final seconds ticked away in Duke’s loss to 15th-seeded Lehigh in the NCAA Tournament’s Round of 64 last year, I stood in the stands of the Greensboro Coliseum in utter disbelief. As I looked across the arena at the lone section of Lehigh fans—raucously celebrating a win that now defines their basketball program’s history—I realized that the pit in my stomach wasn’t just about the premature end to the Blue Devils’ season. The loss was disappointing, but as a lifelong Duke fan, it wasn’t the first time I had watched the Blue Devils falter away from home. I saw my first loss in Daniel person back in 2007 when Pittsburgh’s Lavance Fields hit a circus 3-pointer with 0.2 seconds left in overtime to knock off the Blue Devils at Madison Square Garden. Earlier last year I was in my native Philadelphia watching Temple fans—many of whom were my high school classmates—storm the court in celebration of the Owls’ upset victory. The Lehigh fans who celebrated that day were large in heart but not in numbers. Just a few rows of students made the trek all the way down from Bethlehem, Penn.—more than seven hours by car—to support their Mountain Hawks in a game most of them probably believed they would lose. But as my gaze shifted back to the Duke fans who made the 56-mile trip from Durham, I came to the startling realization that there was a similar amount of Blue Devil students sitting in the stands beside me. During the course of my freshman year, I had grown accustomed to watching Duke basketball surrounded by 1,200 Cameron Crazies in Section 17, but as the Blue Devils’ season came to an abrupt end, I couldn’t help but feel alone. With one of the most dedicated student sections in the country, how could Duke struggle to muster up student support at an NCAA Tournament game that took place less than an hour from its backyard? The answer boils down to economics. Although Duke students have the luxury of attending basketball games for free for the entire regular season, postseason play can be costly. Last year’s tickets to the Rounds of 64 and 32 cost $70 each. Students—even Duke students, despite the way people might generalize us—don’t always have $140 lying around to drop in one weekend. Transportation is also an issue—not all students have cars. With the price of tickets rising to $85 per game this year and Duke’s



No. 15 Great Danes (24-10) C F F G G

JOHN PUK 5.4 PPG, 4.4 RPG GARY JOHNSON 3.5 PPG, 2.3 RPG SAM ROWLEY 9.0 PPG, 6.3 RPG JACOB IATI 12.1 PPG, 2.6 3PG, 41.0 3P% MIKE BLACK 14.9 PPG, 2.5 APG

(Projected lineups, statistics from 2012-13 season) Albany center John Puk has DUKE ALB the size to play down low at 64.4 PPG: 78.3 6-foot-10, but he and Gary 60.3 PPG DEF: 65.4 FG%: Johnson don’t have the ath47.6 43.8 3PT%: leticism or skill to keep up with 40.6 36.4 FT%: Mason Plumlee and Ryan Kelly 73.2 73.4 RPG: 33.6 33.8 all game. APG: 14.7 11.2 Mike Black is a strong scorer 2.0 BPG: 3.8 and Jacob Iati can stroke SPG: 5.4 6.5 from deep. They cannot 10.7 13.4 TO/G: match the shooting prowThe breakdown ess of Rasheed Sulaimon, Although it’s easy for Duke fans to rememSeth Curry and Quinn Cook, ber last year’s Round of 64 game, in which however. 15th-seeded Lehigh upset the Blue Devils, Albany goes with a deeper the Great Danes are no Mountain Hawks. rotation than Duke does, but Whereas Lehigh had one of the nation’s best the Blue Devils have talented players in C.J. McCollum, Albany lacks the bodies if they need them in same go-to threat who could potentially lead Tyler Thornton, Josh Hairston, the team to a major upset. Amile Jefferson, Alex Murphy OUR CALL: Duke wins, 81-62 and Marshall Plumlee.



Blue Devils look to play in Final Four by Nick Martin THE CHRONICLE

Although Duke has pulled within one win of the Final Four each of the past three seasons, the Blue Devils are confident that this year will be their year to break through. This is in large part thanks to the play of freshman Alexis Jones, early homecourt advantage and momentum following their ACC Tournament championship victory. The No. 2-seeded Blue Devils (30-2) will look to begin the march to New Orleans Sunday at 12:05 p.m. at Cameron Indoor Stadium against a 15th-seeded Hampton team that enters the contest with as much, if not more, momentum than the Blue Devils. The Pirates (28-5) did not drop a single conference game this season, winning the MEAC regular season and tournament championship. Hampton has reeled off 19 straight wins, earning a bid to the tournament with their MEAC tournament championship victory against Howard. Hampton will not be intimidated by the likes of the Blue Devils, having played a tasking non-conference schedule. The Pirates’ resume includes victories against Boston College, LSU and Southern Mississippi. The Pirates also had close games—all within 10 points—with South Carolina, Virginia Tech and Depaul. As for Duke, many wrote the Blue Dev-


Alexis Jones is just the third freshman to secure MVP honors at the ACC Tournament. ils off after losing star junior point guard Chelsea Gray to a dislocated knee. But the emergence of Jones as a rising star has given Duke new life. The freshman walked away from the ACC Tournament with MVP honors, becoming just the third freshman to do so. Jones also used the experience to get used to the spotlight. “I’m really confident in [Alexis],” sophomore center Elizabeth Williams said. “We’ve


6 | FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 2013




Blue Devils face off against Georgetown

Duke takes on Virginia foes this week

by Lopa Rahman THE CHRONICLE

Having played each other in 21 of the last 22 seasons, Duke and Georgetown are very familiar with one another. So, too, is the Hoyas’ first-year head coach Kevin Warne with Blue Devil head coach John Danowski, who coached Warne during his standout career at Hofstra. Georgetown (3-4) will travel to Koskinen Stadium Saturday to take on No. 12 Duke (5-4). “[Danowski] is one of the greatest guys in the lacrosse business,” Warne said. “He has always been one of my mentors.” When then-No. 18 Georgetown hosted then-No. 10 Duke last season, the Blue Devils handed the Hoyas a 13-11 defeat. This season, Georgetown is an unranked squad that is already below .500. To make matters worse for the Hoyas, senior Brian Casey—who ranks second on the team in scoring with 11 goals this season—went down with an injury in Georgetown’s conference-opener against Providence March 16. The Hoyas faltered without Casey in their 13-8 loss to No. 9 Loyola Wednesday evening, struggling to keep pace with the Greyhounds’ high-octane offense. In spite of outscoring Loyola 8-6 in the second half, Georgetown could not overcome a 7-1 halftime deficit, which it faced as a result of the Greyhounds’ strong transition play and stalwart man-down unit.

“[Those factors] nipped us in the butt,” Georgetown sophomore Reilly O’Connor said. “But we played with more urgency in the second half, and it really showed.” The Hoyas will rely on O’Connor— who is having a breakout sophomore campaign after registering just three goals and one assist in 13 games last season—for the majority of its offensive production. He leads the team in points and assists, with 21 and 11, repsectively. He was named to the Big East Weekly Honor Roll for the first time in his career this week after recording four goals and six assists in the Hoyas’ 16-8 win against Providence. Duke’s Bill Conners, Chris Hipps, Henry Lobb or Dan DiMaria—a transfer from Harvard who Warne coached during his assistant coaching stint with the Crimson—will match up defensively against O’Connor. “Defensively, we don’t focus on individual matchups [in advance],” Danowski said. Duke, which has shown increased chemistry on the defensive end of the field, is riding a four-game winning streak that includes signature wins against thenNo. 4 Loyola and then-No. 6 North Carolina. Sophomore goaltender Kyle Turri made his first start of the season against Loyola after junior starter Dan Wigrizer was sidelined due to injury in the Blue SEE M. LACROSSE ON PAGE 6

by Danny Nolan THE CHRONICLE

Duke left Chapel Hill last Sunday with a perfect start to ACC play and a 14-3 overall record. This weekend, the Blue Devils will take on the only conference opponent ranked higher than them in the ITA national rankings. No. 8 Duke (14-3, 2-0 in the ACC) will travel to Virginia this weekend to take on the topranked Cavaliers and No. 52 Virginia Tech. The Cavaliers (11-0, 0-0) are dominating opponents this season, thanks in large part to a lineup with six ranked singles players and four ranked doubles tandems. At the quarterfinals of the ITA National Team Indoors Feb. 15, they defeated the Blue Devils 7-0. Meanwhile, the Hokies (9-3, 1-0) are trying to change what has been a rather lopsided matchup over the years. Duke has won 23 of the 25 meetings against Virginia Tech, including a 7-0 win a year ago. Both Virginia schools, however, face a tough challenge as they will have to take down a streaking Duke squad. “This is definitely the hardest working team that I’ve ever had,” head coach Ramsey Smith said. “They’re really focused on their goals, which mostly are coming at the end of the year. We’re off to a great start.” Most teams would be happy with this kind of start, but junior Chris Mengel said he believes that Duke still has a lot to prove. “Honestly, I would say we were disappointed with two of our three losses,very

disappointed,” Mengel said. “Those are probably the two worst feelings I’ve had after a match in my time here. And I think it all goes back to our expectations.” In addition to losing to Virginia, the Blue Devils dropped contests against then-No. 25 Illinois and then-No. 24 California, both by scores of 4-3. Still, it’s hard to ignore Duke’s numbers thus far this season. The team’s singles players No. 10 senior Henrique Cunha and sophomore Jason Tahir have yet to lose matches this season. The Blue Devils are the only school in the country with three doubles teams in the top 25. Perhaps the most impressive statistic: Duke has lost a mere two doubles points all season. “We were terrible at doubles,” Mengel said. “It’s been a total transformation. We couldn’t buy a doubles point my freshman year. We relied on our singles. And this year, you know, its just something we’ve been practicing all the time. We just found the right pairings, and have just made it work so far.” The inconsistent play in past years pushed doubles improvement to the top of Smith’s list. “Our real focus going into this year was the doubles,” Smith said. “We feel that if we can win the doubles point then our singles line-up is extremely strong at every spot and we feel really comfortable winning at least three of the six singles matches.” SEE M. TENNIS ON PAGE 6


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M. BASKETBALL from page 5 Columbus to face off against No. 4 Ohio State and was routed 82-60. But the Great Danes turned around two days later, on an even longer road trip, to upset Washington on guard Mike Black’s game-winning layup with 3.7 seconds left. Black led the team to 14 wins in 17 games from there, including victories in five of the first six conference games, but the Great Danes closed out January by losing three games in a row at home. They won just five of eight games the rest of the way, but proceeded to make a Cinderella run through the America East Tournament, upsetting both No. 1 seed Stony Brook and No. 2 seed Vermont to claim the conference’s automatic NCAA Tournament berth. The Great Danes are a veteran squad, keyed by the backcourt duo of Jacob Iati—whose father is an assistant coach for the team—and Black, who are both seniors. Black is the centerpiece of the offense, leading the team in scoring with 14.9 points per game and also chipping in 2.5 assists per contest, but Iati plays more minutes and is a more efficient scorer, with a 41-percent stroke from beyond the arc. The Albany backcourt’s weakness lies on the defensive end, where Iati and Black, at 5-foot-10 and 6-foot, respectively, lack the size to defend bigger guards. Augmenting the workhorse guards is sophomore wing Sam Rowley, whose emergence has been crucial for the

CARP from page 5 first NCAA Tournament games being played in Philadelphia, these costs are only steeper. Duke’s alumni network is strong enough to have a Blue Devil contingency at nearly every NCAA Tournament site, but something can be said for bringing students along for the ride. Universities across the country have found ways to accommodate dedicated basketball fans who want to travel to NCAA Tournament games. When 15thseeded Florida Gulf Coast takes the court in Philadelphia just hours after Duke Friday, the game will be witnessed by 56 Eagles fans who rode 42 hours on a bus that was chartered by the univer-

Great Danes. At 6-foot-6, he is arguably the team’s best defender, averaging 1.2 steals per game. On the other end, he averages nine points per game on just 6.4 shot attempts, courtesy of a solid 53.4 percent shooting clip. Rowley also leads Albany in rebounding, with 6.3 boards per game. Rounding out the starting lineup are freshman point guard Peter Hooley, who is the tallest of the guard trio at 6-foot-4 and also the best distributor with three assists per game, and senior center John Puk. Puk, who stands 6-foot-10, gives the Great Danes the interior size to match up with Mason Plumlee, which many small-conference teams lack. The well-utilized reserve corps brings experience to the locker room, as two seniors and three juniors find their way into the rotation off the bench, including 6-foot-7 Australian Luke Devlin and 6-foot-8 Blake Metcalf, who leads Albany in blocked shots despite playing a second-string role. The Great Danes lack any standout skills as a team, but also do not suffer from any glaring weaknesses. They shoot a solid 36.4 percent from beyond the arc and take good care of the ball. Their ability to make free throws in the unfamiliar, high-pressure environment of the NCAA Tournament will be crucial for a team that counts on getting to the line and was able to do so frequently against the lesser competition of the America East. They prevented opponents from doing likewise, averaging 5.6 more trips to sity’s student government so that students could avoid costly airfare to watch their team compete in the Big Dance. In 2008 when Davidson made an improbable run to the Elite 8, a $100,000 donation from the university’s Board of Trustees provided 300 students— which is one-sixth of Davidson’s student population—free travel, lodging and tickets to cheer their Wildcats on. The size of Duke’s endowment and Athletic Department budget is enormous compared to that of Florida Gulf Coast or Davidson, yet the University has made no efforts to help students travel to NCAA Tournament games or to subsidize ticket costs. Duke is a place with unbelievable re-

Spring 2013

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Duke was the sixth second-seeded team in NCAA history to lose to a No. 15 seed in the first round. the line per game than their opposition while ranking 20th in the nation in fewest free throws shot by opponents. The Great Danes’ solid but unspectacular defense should be no match for Duke’s high-octane offense, and the Blue Devils will have a significant upper hand in the game if they attack the rim and turn the tables on the free-throw differential that

Albany is accustomed to enjoying. As they always are for a No. 15 seed, the odds are slim for Albany, and without a talent like Lehigh’s C.J. McCollum to lead the way, the Great Danes appear bound to move to 0-3 in NCAA Tournament play when they take on Duke Friday afternoon.

sources in both academics and athletics, but someone needs to step up and take the lead. Whether it is the Iron Dukes, the Athletic Department, alumni, the Board of Trustees, DSG or the Inferno, groups within the University have the ability to make March Madness travel more accessible to all students. After some of the Blue Devils’ most breathtaking home victories at Cameron Indoor Stadium this season, Duke players have said that the Cameron Crazies are the fuel that drives them to play at their highest level. So why isn’t the University trying to foster this and give some lucky students a once-in-a-lifetime experience? So win or lose this March, one thing

is certain—the Blue Devils shouldn’t have to walk off the court feeling like they went in alone.

M. TENNIS from page 6 There is no question that Duke is off to a terrific start, but Mengel’s doubles partner and No. 27 singles player junior Fred Saba said it’s not about how you start, it’s all about how you finish. “As long as we keep our heads down and just control what we can control, I’d say we’re a top three, top four team in the country,” said Saba, who is 2-0 in ACC play. “If we keep up what we’re doing right now, we’ll be one of the favorites to win the [NCAA] tournament.”

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M. LACROSSE from page 8 Devils’ matchup against Maryland. He has adjusted well to the starting role, garnering ACC Defensive Player of the Week honors for the first time in his career following the North Carolina and Towson games. “[Duke] has guys with a lot of game experience,” Warne said. “The defense

W. BASKETBALL from page 5 them even more time to build on the current momentum. “It’s a great privilege and honor to host because we’ve done that before and we hope to do it again, but the reality of this time here is the urgency,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “We just can’t wait to play.” This is not the first time these two teams have faced off in the tournament or at Cameron Indoor Stadium. In 2010, the the Blue Devils defeated the Pirates in Durham 72-37 en route to an Elite Eight appearance. “Hampton I know the best because we’ve played them before,” McCallie said. “They’re very well coached, a very good team, athletic and quick—play well together, have great success. It will be an excellent game for us to get after and defend. I can already feel the oneon-one stops and the things that are going to be necessary in that game given their quick-

is fantastic, and Kyle Turri has really settled in in typical Duke fashion.” A bright spot for Georgetown against Loyola was the play of redshirt junior Tyler Knarr, the Hoyas’ faceoff man. Knarr went 16-for-23 at the faceoff X and picked up eight ground balls in Georgetown’s loss to the Greyhounds. Repeating a similar feat against Duke’s faceoff specialist, junior Brendan Fowler, will be

a challenge. Fowler, who ranks eighth in the country with a 60.8 faceoff percentage, has won the faceoff battle in nine out of the 10 games that the Blue Devils have played this season. He struggled against No. 1 Maryland’s faceoff men but posted dominant performances at the X against then-No. 9 Denver, then-No. 3 Notre Dame, Pennsylvania, then-No. 4 Loyola and then-No. 6 North Carolina.

“It helps defensively that Fowler is doing a great job at the faceoff X,” Warne said. “It helps you play the way you want to play and do what you want to do defensively.”

ness and athleticism.” Although Hampton boasts an athletic lineup, the Blue Devils are clear favorites both in the paint with Williams and on the perimeter with Jones and junior guard Tricia Liston. Williams, the reigning National Freshman of the Year, should hold a major edge against a smaller Pirates team. Williams leads Duke with 15.2 points and 7.2 rebounds per game. Her defensive presence is also impossible to ignore, as the sophomore averages close to three blocks per game. Although Duke has had a two-week layoff since its ACC title, the team has been working busily in that time to improve in anticipation of the tournament. “For us there is a long wait,” McCallie said. “We’ve had some terrific practices, but nothing like having a game upcoming, having an opponent and having things that we really need to get better if we were to contend and be an excellent team.”

Both Williams and McCallie pointed out they were using that time to work on some areas that had been lacking in previous games such as rebounding and defensive effort. “We’re excited to play and excited to improve upon some items that have been slipping,” McCallie said. “Our rebounding has slipped even though we have won basketball

games. Our defense, our shot-contesting, there are certain areas that need to be more tenacious. Hopefully we can get that going and really improve in that way.” If Duke can beat the Pirates, they will have another game at Cameron before potentially moving on to Norfolk, Va. for the regional finals.


Senior Henrique Cunha, the No. 10 singles player in the nation, is undefeated this season.


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Rabbi Daniel Greyber Saturday morning Shabbat Services: Orthodox: 9:00am / Conservative: 9:45am Visit for more information Students are welcome at all Shabbat and Holiday Services

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Boys versus girls The recent release of the academia. Women earn highGreek Culture Initiative’s Re- er grades than men on averport on Gender and Greek age and graduate more often Experience has brought the with distinction. Moreover, topic of Duke’s campus cli- women are more likely to mate, particularly sexual as- seek help from the Academic sault, back into Resource Centhe spotlight. ter and to study editorial Having covered abroad. But the Greek Culture Initiative, even in their success, women we would like to turn to yet report having lower selfanother critical study, the esteem than men. Student Report on Gender and the focus groups reported that Undergraduate Experience, men often dominated class which confronts vital cultural discussion and that women issues, particularly academic often underestimated their culture and how men and abilities and spoke only when women experience it differ- they thought that they had ently. the correct answer. This report describes a Given women’s academic perplexing disparity between success, why is it that they have men and women in the class- less self-esteem than men? It room. According to the study, could be that men are more women are outperforming confident in the classroom men in almost every aspect of because past socialization has

Fedja, I hope you will join us for class or some other activity sometime. While I think you’re right that what we do violates the “basic principle of rational inquiry,” I disagree that this violation means we shouldn’t be at Duke. —“Benjamin Wolf” commenting on the guest column “Eruditio versus religio.” See more at

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YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Editor LAUREN CARROLL, Managing Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, News Editor ANDREW BEATON, Sports Editor CHRIS DALL, Photography Editor MAGGIE LAFALCE, Editorial Page Editor KATHERINE ZHANG, Editorial Board Chair JIM POSEN, Director of Online Operations CHRISSY BECK, General Manager KRISTIE KIM, University Editor TIFFANY LIEU, Local & National Editor ANDREW LUO, Health & Science Editor CAROLINE RODRIGUEZ, News Photography Editor PHOEBE LONG, Design Editor MICHAELA DWYER, Recess Editor SOPHIA DURAND, Recess Photography Editor SCOTT BRIGGS, Editorial Page Managing Editor MATTHEW CHASE, Towerview Editor ADDISON CORRIHER, Towerview Photography Editor ANNA KOELSCH, Social Media Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Senior Editor REBECCA DICKENSON, Advertising Director MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager DAVID RICE, Director of External Relations

encouraged their self-assured behavior and suppressed it in women. Although this is a feasible argument, it stands as an issue too large to address here. Instead, Duke should make an institutional effort to take on this disparity because focusing on why it exists may never yield a satisfactory answer. The most attractive proposal was to hire more female professors in departments that lack female representation in order to attract more young women to those fields. Nowhere is this more needed than in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics where there is a significant lack of female undergraduates. The report showed that female students are more likely to enroll in a course taught by female in-

structors, so it is not surprising that the STEM fields, which have disproportionately fewer female faculty, have been less attractive to female students. We commend the report for this suggestion and encourage its implementation. But the report has its flaws. For example, its focus group findings sometimes cite thin evidence. The report includes an anecdote about a female student who approached her male professor about her testtaking anxiety. The professor responded “Sciences aren’t for everyone. Maybe you should look into English.” As such, the report concluded, “Such comments raise the question of subtle gender bias impacting the long-term major choices for women in these fields.”

Although we do not condone the professor’s insensitivity to the student’s testing anxiety, this particular incident is not strong evidence for gender bias in certain fields. Other more powerful, convincing anecdotes surely exist—we particularly want to know about the added value of having a female professor or mentorship within STEM majors. Most importantly, this comes as a reminder that we shouldn’t let our experiences about women in the classroom shape the results we are generating from studies and the recommendations that come from those studies. Rather than relying on evidence that is inherently subjective, we encourage a more objective approach that lets the numbers speak for themselves.



Est. 1905



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and Paul is rising. The Atlantic magazine has lican nomination, Jon Huntsman widely criticized posted nine pieces with Sen. Paul’s name in the Republican primary process, particularly the the headline since March 1, 2013. Politico moment when Herman Cain briefly led the polls. has posted at least six since yester“It wasn’t a period where rational day. Paul’s 13-hour filibuster on the thinking or any kind of commitment employment of drones and our civil to reality or truth or optimism necesliberties has focused the media’s atsarily prevailed,” said Huntsman. “It tention upon him. Hillary Clinton, was how can you eviscerate the oppoa potential 2016 presidential candisition” The Pauls and Huntsman may date, has not given the media much or may not have been on the side of to talk about. But Rand Paul has conreality or truth, but they were firmly sistently addressed the War on Terror, on the side of their own overarchpi praveen the War on Drugs and immigration ing, personal principles. They prelife of pi reform, among other issues, forcing fer to play their own politics without the media to acknowledge his rising pandering either to the Democratic stardom and potential candidacy. More importantly or Republican leadership—they do not care about for Paul, the Republican Party is lapping him up, as politics in the sense of the word, they care (ostensievidenced by his celebrity at the Conservative Politi- bly) about this country. The Republican Party may cal Action Conference last week. He is a member of be warming up to Paul now, but he holds the ability the Tea Party, but, according to a survey by the Huff- to push their limits to the point of breaking. ington Post and YouGov, 44 percent of IndepenPaul counts many of this country’s Independents dents polled agreed that the filibuster was a good and Libertarians among his followers. And so, he will way to make a point about the drone program. Lib- fall. When do people begin to think like an Indepenertarians, too, are impressed. These are the reasons dent? People begin to think like Independents in a why Rand Paul is likely to fall. middling political atmosphere like the one we have The national media is, overwhelmingly, an “Estab- now. People, old and young, are as disillusioned with lishment” body. In other words, it covers traditional, American politics as the largely college-aged voters mainstream political debates. That “Establishment” who make up a chunk of this nation’s Independents and its swath of American viewers do not understand and Libertarians. Soon, however, either the Senate who or what Rand Paul is. Rachel Maddow of MSN- or the president will pull something together that BC employed what would have normally been bril- will restore faith in our (however flawed) bipartisan liant rhetoric in her question, “What does Rand Paul system, just like President Obama restored faith with stand for?” If asked the same question about any the assassination of Osama bin Laden. We will then other top-tier politico, viewers would (hopefully) be continue upon our way without needing all that Paul able to identify each one’s overarching ideologies proposes. There are those who pin upon Paul their and agenda almost immediately. But it is difficult to hopes for the Independent vote. But by 2016, the envision a general understanding of Paul’s positions young, radical Independent vote may cost Paul the on today’s burning issues. What does Paul stand for? general “American” vote. In his positions on the wars on drugs and terror, not Today, we celebrate Paul’s novelty without underto mention civil liberties, he stands for an ideology standing it. We cast Paul into the lot of our politifar removed from any potential status quo. The “Es- cians without understanding that he is not one of tablishment” will not stand for Paul’s idealism, but them. There will come a day when we will underrather for the pragmatism in finding a compromise stand. On that day, we will box ourselves back up in between a few, mainstream contentions. His conten- the comfort of America’s polarity. tions will not fall among these. So, Americans will I think Rand Paul will fall. But he may be crazy see Paul as the “madman,” the spectacle. enough to prevail, to push our nation over the edge Rand Paul is much like his father, Ron Paul, and back into the idealism that it was founded upon. statesman Jon Huntsman. Not in terms of their skill, diplomacy or ideology, but in terms of their integrity. Pi Praveen is a Trinity freshman. Her column runs evFollowing his unsuccessful run for the 2012 Repub- ery other Friday.

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What Christians believe about belief


e Christians should expect our proclamation to apart from his self-revelation (i.e., the type of religious appear mere foolishness to our unbelieving in- investigation that Pavlovic would allow to remain on camterlocutors (1 Corinthians 1:18-25), so the March pus) is in fact bound to be a nightmare of idolatrous self21 guest column (“Eruditio versus religio”) projection. So, following a line of thought by Fedja Pavlovic is hardly shocking. He initially sketched by Blaise Pascal, if there is divinity school asserts that, since Christian theology is in even a glimmer of likelihood that a crucistudents the business of making things up, Duke fied Galilean named Jesus was resurrected guest column Divinity School has no place in a modern and enthroned as the Lord of all creation, research university. But since Christians then the claims of Christian theology, emare equally called to give a reason for the faith that is in bedded as they are within the social and moral revolution us (1 Peter 3:15) by “speaking the truth in love” (Ephe- effected by the Church’s witness, merit very serious consians 4:15), we—an unofficial and perhaps unrepresenta- sideration indeed. tive collection of Duke Divinity students and graduates— Nevertheless, Pavlovic is certainly right to claim that would like to suggest a different vantage on the important the modern research university was born, at least in part, questions that Pavlovic raises. out of a struggle to free human knowledge from the stricHis argument is disarmingly simple: Christian theo- tures of tradition and the dependence on testimony that logical method depends on the uncritical acceptance of so marks Christian theology. There is a complex history an untested starting point; there are other disciplines here, and some of the more timid strains of post-Enlightthat rely instead on something called “rational inquiry,” enment Christian theology played a key role in birthto which Christian theology is inimical; since the modern ing the university as we know it today. So, as the Divinity university exists to foster disciplines that limit themselves School’s Dr. Paul Griffiths has acknowledged, Christians to this “rational inquiry,” Christian theology, and the insti- should indeed expect their claims about God and cretutions that shelter it, can have no place there. ation to sit uneasily alongside the research university’s Pavlovic’s second point is really the most interesting organization of knowledge. for our purposes, because it betrays a misunderstanding, But it was not always so. Many, including Duke’s own not only of theological method, but of the nature of “ra- Stanley Hauerwas, have observed that the medieval unitional inquiry,” full stop. He suggests that respectable dis- versity took its bearings from the fundamental conviction ciplines work by “constructing hypotheses from systematic that creation was intelligible to human investigation preobservations using some kind of logical reasoning.” That cisely because it was drenched in God’s own creative rais, a rational inquirer simply looks at the data, draws the tionality. As Nietzsche presciently predicted, absent these appropriate inferences and so arrives at the truth, with- theological convictions, the pursuit of truth has steadily out needing to bother with any such wooly notions as rival given way to a vision of human knowledge as the servant of theoretical frameworks, testimony or tradition. power and profit, a vision that is underwriting the gradual Put bluntly, this is vulgar positivism, warmed-over Au- excision of humanities departments from America’s uniguste Comte. Pavlovic betrays no awareness that this ac- versities. Toppling theology from its ordering role in the count of knowledge has been subject to wide-ranging cri- university has left a void which the market and the state, tique in twentieth century philosophy of science (Thomas institutions whose interest in the university can scarcely be Kuhn, Michael Polanyi), philosophy of language (W.V.O. considered neutral, have been quick to fill. Quine, Donald Davidson), moral philosophy (Alasdair We are grateful to Pavlovic for opening up an imporMacIntyre) and philosophy of knowledge (Nicholas tant discussion regarding the relationship between faith Wolterstorff, Alvin Plantinga). In their various ways, these and reason. We hope that he and all our non-Christian thinkers underscore that all human inquiry depends fun- peers from around the University will consider engaging damentally on trust in testimony and in received theoreti- the Divinity School community in a sustained conversacal frameworks that condition (rather than simply reflect) tion to explore how Christians and atheists (and Budour encounter with empirical evidence. The would-be dhists and Muslims, etc.) understand the basis for their positivist thus finds herself left with very few friends in most deeply-held beliefs. contemporary epistemological debates. If even human knowledge in general depends on willChristina Carnes, M.T.S. ’13 ing trust in received traditions, on what St. Augustine and Brendan Case, M.T.S. ’12 St. Anselm taught us to call “faith seeking understanding,” William Glass, M.Div. ’14 then the knowledge of God must depend even more so. Ryan Grove, M.Div. ’14 In fact, as Augustine and other early Christian thinkers Ty Monroe, M.T.S ’13 stressed, if there is a God, reflection on him that proceeds Brandon Walsh, M.Div. ’14

Generation Supertramp


ometimes I think we’re all Alexander Supertramps. For those unfamiliar with the name, Alexander Supertramp was the chosen alias of Christopher McCandless, a star student who graduated from Emory University in 1990. Upon his graduation, McCandless donated the money given to him for law school to charity and embarked on a solo adventure across the United States. He spent two years kayaking down the Colorado ellie schaack River, hiking across the desert, brave new world climbing mountains and hunting for his own food. He did this all by himself, connecting with people at stops along his journey but never staying anywhere for very long. He stopped contacting his family. For years, they barely heard from him—until they got a call telling them that Chris was dead, having starved to death while living in the Alaskan wilderness. You’ve probably heard this story. You might see it as an ode to nature’s value and power or as a precautionary tale about the dangers of being unprepared in the wilderness. You might see it as a story of anti-materialism and pilgrimage. But for me, the story isn’t about any of that. For me, the story is about five words that were found scribbled in the margin of a book that McCandless was reading before he died. He wrote: “Happiness only real when shared.” Some words can become a part of me. They’ll make such an impact that I’ll sometimes hear their echo, a whisper brought forth by no conscious direction from my brain. These words have done that. Lately I keep hearing that whisper, subconsciously evoked: Happiness is only real when shared. We as Duke students may not all share McCandless’ dedication or idealism, but I see him in all of us more and more. Like McCandless, we go on crazy, single-minded adventures, sometimes in search of something ill-defined. We get the best grades we can and we start ambitious projects on breaks. It’s all part of our search for some goal: security, money, power, change. These journeys do provide fulfillment. I, certainly, am most satisfied when I am passionately working toward something that matters to me. But this happiness, as Alexander Supertramp came to observe, is not as real because we don’t share it as often with others. How many of us who hail from small towns are planning on moving back there instead of to a city? Probably not very many. The United States, like almost everywhere else on the globe, continues to urbanize, with the youth leading the charge. Because of this, we don’t get to experience that lasting sense of community characteristic of smaller cities. We also get married at drastically lower rates. There’s no expectation anymore that we all will find a partner with whom to share our lives. We take it for granted that relationships simply are not prioritized. We look down on people who pick their college or even first jobs based on proximity to friends or romantic others. In some ways, we’re more social now than we ever were. City living and frequent moving result in a much larger group of friends. The ability to be in constant communication with anyone allows us to retain old relationships, at least superficially. But these relationships, at least to me, simply don’t have as much value as the people who remain actively a part of our lives. When I was a kid, I used to have some vague idea of a future populated by a familiar and ever-growing cast of characters. There would be best friends for life, with some new friends joining the group once in a while to keep things interesting. There would be children and parents who were also series regulars. But at some point, this started to fade away, replaced by a vision of a life of guest stars. Now, when I see my life, I imagine different shifts of people who come and go. I still keep in regular touch with good friends, but I can no longer realistically imagine them living in the same city. I have come to terms with the fact that I likely won’t live near my parents or other extended family. I retain some vague idea of eventual marriage and kids, but I can’t reconcile this vision with many of my goals: I want to live internationally, and I dream of working a job that I care enough about to allow it to be somewhat all-consuming. I’m just not sure exactly when I started imagining a life alone. Ellie Schaack is a Trinity sophomore. Her column runs every other Friday.

12 | FRIDAY, MARCH 22, 2013


KIEHART from page 2

INCOME from page 1

including the Program in Cell and Molecular Biology, the Program in Genetics and Genomics, the Program in Structural Biology and Biophysics and the Developmental and Stem Cell Biology Training Program. “Dan Kiehart has a proven record of leadership in good times as well as tough times. His scholarly productivity and leadership in cell biology is also exemplary,â€? Dean of Arts and Sciences Laurie Patton wrote in an email Thursday. “With Dan Kiehart, Duke continues the emphasis on the scholar-administrator that makes this community so special.â€? In three years, Kiehart received his undergraduate degree from the University of Pennsylvania, where he also received his doctorate. He served on the faculty at Johns Hopkins University and then Harvard University before becoming an associate professor of cell biology at the Duke School of Medicine in 1992. He then joined the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences biology department as a professor in 2000. He has served as the department chair since 2007. Kiehart said there was never any profession he wanted to pursue other than academia. “The first week at Penn, I looked around and thought ‘Wow, this is terrific.’ I realized I never wanted to leave an academic environment,â€? Kiehart said. “An academic faculty position in a place like Duke can be quite intense‌ but I’ve never wanted to do anything else.â€?

impossible. You should be able to just apply to college.� According to the study, 8 percent of high-achieving students from low-income families applied to the advised range of safety, target and reach colleges—based on academic achievement—as compared to 35 percent of high-achieving students from middle-income families and 64 percent of those in highincome families. Additionally, 53 percent of lowincome students did not apply to the schools that were academically fit for them, whereas only 34 percent of middle-income and 11 percent of high-income students did not. Many of these high-achieving low-income students opt instead to attend community colleges or fouryear colleges near home, according to the study. The study defined low-income households as those making less than $41,472 each year and highincome as exceeding $120,776. At Duke, 43 percent of students receive need-based aid, Rabil said. Students with family incomes less than $60,000 per year—of which she said there are a couple hundred—are considered high-need and have no family contribution. Currently, many low-income students whose parents and friends did not attend college have limited knowledge about the resources available to them, Rabil said. She added that guidance counselors are often unaware of opportunities

and discourage students from applying to selective institutions for financial reasons. “If they’re not hearing information from parents or guidance counselors, and they’re not hearing from us because of limited admissions counselors, how do you get them the right message?� Rabil asked. An overwhelming process The Office of Undergraduate Admissions seeks to broaden its recruitment efforts to reach these high-achieving low-income students and encourage them to apply, Dean of Admissions Christoph Guttentag noted. “Many low-income students attend under-resourced schools and often don’t have the web of resources that help make the selective college admissions process manageable,� Guttentag wrote in an email Monday. The admissions office already uses secondary school data provided by the College Board to locate potentially competitive applicants of all income levels, Guttentag said. The University focuses most of its resources on programs that administrators say reach a wide audience, including 125 joint recruitment programs with peer institutions like Harvard, Stanford University, Georgetown University and the University of Pennsylvania, as well as dozens of Discover Duke evening programs. Admissions also partners with programs such as College Horizons, a nonprofit organization that supports Native Ameri-

cans pursuing higher education, and the Knowledge is Power Program, a national network of public charter schools that prepares students in under served communities for college. Guttentag noted Duke’s shift toward using social networking and the web to reach students who may be unable to attend college fairs or information sessions, but he added that low-income students may not have the resources to take full advantage of these methods. Despite these efforts, Guttentag noted that one of the great challenges is reaching students in the most rural parts of the country. High-achieving low-income students from rural areas are less likely to have been exposed to college admissions ambassadors than their peers in metropolitan areas, said Charles Clotfelter, Smith Reynolds professor of public policy. Universities’ applicant pools benefit more from targeting more densely populated regions that tend to produce more high-achieving students. Additionally, being a first-generation college applicant may present challenges for low-income students, he noted. “If you’re in a family that hasn’t had a lot of college experience, the whole process could seem pretty overwhelming,� Clotfelter said. ‘Minor miracles’ The challenge is not simply providing students with information about financial aid available at top colleges and universities but also making it believable, Rabil said. “They could hear it and still not

believe it,� she said. “You trust your parents, your guidance counselors, your teachers.� Financial factors are among the greatest obstacles preventing lowincome students from submitting applications, said Kristen Stephens, assistant professor of the practice in the Duke Program in Education. Some students may need to work full-time to help support their families, she noted, adding that there are extra costs beyond tuition— such as transportation and general living expenses—that increase the financial burden. When researching colleges, most students look first at the tuition, Rabil said. “They see $60,000 as a price tag and they think no way,� she said in reference to Duke’s annual cost. “The [complicated financial aid system] blocks people from feeling like we’re accessible.� Although Rabil noted the influence of cost in a student’s decision to apply, she said the financial aid office does not actively participate in applicant recruitment. The office instead focuses mainly on educating students who are already admitted or enrolled on the financial aid available to them. But some students apply despite the obstacles. Rabil recounted a story of a student who dreamed of attending Duke, though her family could not afford the high tuition. When asked why she applied anyway, the student said, “I crossed my fingers and hoped there would be money out there.� “It’s a minor miracle they make it here at all,� Rabil said.


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March 22, 2013 issue  
March 22, 2013 issue  

Firday, march 22, 2013 issue of The Chronicle