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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

XXXDAY, MONTH TUESDAY, JANUARY XX,29, 2013 2013

ONE ONEHUNDRED HUNDREDAND ANDEIGHTH EIGHTHYEAR, YEAR,ISSUE ISSUE87 X

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Uni declares handmade tents unsafe

Anonymous ‘Texan’ hacks into ePrint

by Nick Martin

by Margot Tuchler

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Homemade tents in Krzyzewskiville faced a challenge out of concern for public safety. The rules in K-ville outlaw the use of store-bought tents during the black tenting season—the first and most rigorous phase of the tenting process. To combat the cold winter weather, the students willing to sleep in K-ville created giant, student-made structures to live in. The Fire Safety Division of Duke’s Occupational and Environmental Safety Office, however, intervened earlier this month and ordered these tents to be taken down because of safety concerns. If anything, some of the tents resembled army barracks and castles more so than they did tents, with some of the record-setting 46 black tents standing more than 10 feet tall. When the students began to create these monstrosities, they did so without too much consideration for rules and restrictions outside the purview of K-ville. Eventually, somebody from the Fire

People trying to print in Perkins Sunday received an unexpected message. A hacker infiltrated Duke’s online, campus-wide printing system Sunday, which resulted in the printers feeding out multiple copies of a cheeky message when students attempted to use select printers in Perkins Library, said Circulation Desk Assistant Kristin Brunn, a sophomore. Students swiped their DukeCards and selected their printing jobs, causing “thousands of copies of the papers” to print out, Brunn said. The message offered advice to the Duke authorities responsible for ePrint. “Perhaps you dumb-asses should password protect a printer you directly connect to the Internet,” the message read, signed, “—Bored university student in Texas :)~.” A postscript advised a shuffling of Duke’s information technology staff. “P.S. Maybe you should fire your IT

SEE TENTING ON PAGE 12

CHRIS DIECKHAUS/ THE CHRONICLE

K-ville is missing some large, makeshift tents—in line with black tenting rules that prohibit storebought tents—due to orders from Duke fire marshals who deemed the structures unsafe.

SEE HACKED ON PAGE 4

Less-invasive surgery linked Bomb threat closes to higher cancer survival Chapel Hill mall by Lucy Hicks THE CHRONICLE

Less invasive surgery at earlier stages of breast cancer has been correlated with higher rates of patient survival. Duke researchers found the correlation using observational data from the California Cancer Registry to compare general health and survival rates of women who received different treatments for the first two stages of breast cancer. Common treatments include lumpectomy with radiation, where only the cancerous tissue is removed, and mastectomy, where the entire breast is removed. Although the data, published online Monday in the journal CANCER, supports higher rates of survival for women who opted for a lumpectomy, researchers emphasized the need for further evidence. “It’s not cause and effect,” said Scarlett Gomez, co-author of the study and professor at the Stanford School of Medicine. “However, it is provocative and prompts us to think a little bit more about what might be causing [this trend].”

Miami med student harassed for wearing Duke gear, Page 7

Clinical trial results from 30 years ago showed that both lumpectomies and mastectomies were equally effective treatments and displayed similar long-term survival rates, said lead author Dr. Shelley Hwang, chief of breast surgery at the Duke Cancer Institute. The data collected more recently by Hwang compiled information from 112,154 breast cancer patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2004. This analysis brought up unexpected trends, Hwang noted. “The women who had mastectom[ies] were generally less healthy. They had more heart conditions and pulmonary disease and were more likely to die from cancer,” she said. Hwang speculated that if there were a causal connection found between types of cancer treatment and survival rate, it might be caused by the decreased stress on the body in the less invasive lumpectomy. “There could be a biologic basis in women who have less trauma and perturbation to SEE CANCER ON PAGE 4

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Police evacuated the University Mall in Chapel Hill Monday afternoon due to an unfounded bomb threat.

ONTHERECORD

“The progress is less of a leap and more of a stumble, but for once it reflects a modicum of self-awareness from the NCAA....” —Chris Cusack in ‘The good, the bad and the ugly.’ See column page 7

Chapel Hill police evacuated and closed nearby University Mall Monday afternoon due to a bomb threat. A threat written on a note in a men’s bathroom was found around 4:30 p.m., and the facility remained closed until around 6:00 p.m. Police cars created a perimeter around the building, located between Duke and downtown Chapel Hill at 201 S. Estes drive, and the police used dogs to investigate both the inside and outside of the premises. Police said no device was found in their investigation. University Mall is home to numerous food and clothing vendors, including A Southern Season, City Kitchen and Dillard’s department store. —from Staff Reports

Interested in writing for The Chronicle’s news department? Email jss65@duke.edu.


2 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 2013

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US plans to add drone Senate group unveils immigration reform plan base in West Africa by Craig Whitlock THE WASHINGTON POST

WASHINGTON — The U.S. military is planning a new drone base in Africa that would expand its surveillance of al-Qaida fighters and other militants in northern Mali, a development that would escalate American involvement in a fast-spreading conflict. Two Obama administration officials said military planners are eyeing the West African country of Niger as a base for unarmed Predator drones, which would greatly boost U.S. spy missions in the region. A U.S. defense official called the plans “preliminary” and said the Pentagon, the State Department, the White House and the government of Niger would all have to approve. “But it would be a good place to be, in terms of access,” the official added. The plans to locate Predator drones in West Africa was first reported Monday by the New York Times on its website. If approved, the plan would fill a gap in the Pentagon’s military capabilities over the Sahara, which remains beyond the reach of its drone bases in East Africa and southern Europe. U.S. officials said the plan was to use the Predators strictly for surveillance missions, not airstrikes, but they acknowledged that the drones could easily be armed if circumstances changed. The U.S. military has been flying a handful of small turboprop surveillance planes over northern Mali and West Africa for years, but the PC-12 aircraft are limited in range and lack the sophisticated sensors that Predators carry. Some senior U.S. officials have also worried that the PC-12 aircraft could be shot down by militants with a shoulder-fired missile. The U.S. ambassador to Mali, Mary Beth Leonard, suspended the flights over Mali last year because of concerns that a pilot or crew could be held hostage if forced to make an emergency landing, according to two U.S. officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity.

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The PC-12 turboprops have been largely based in Burkina Faso, a small West African country that shares a long border with Mali. One option under consideration at the Pentagon would be to deploy drones to Burkina Faso as well, possibly at a military base in Ouagadougou, the capital. But Niger has been gaining favor since last year, when the U.S. military relocated one of the PC-12 turboprop planes to the capital, Niamey, after reaching an agreement with Niger officials, according to a current and a former U.S. official familiar with the operation. The United States also won permission for the surveillance aircraft to refuel in the northern city of Agadez, the officials said. Army Gen. Carter Ham, the chief of the U.S. military’s Africa Command, visited Niger this month to discuss expanding the military relationship between the two countries, U.S. officials said. Deploying unmanned Predators to the region would eliminate the risk of crew capture in the event of a shootdown or accident, but it would also greatly increase the number of U.S. troops on the ground. A Predator base could require as many as 250 Air Force personnel to launch and maintain the drones, as well as to provide protection for U.S. troops. In comparison, the PC-12s require a tenth as many people to operate, and the Pentagon has mostly outsourced those missions to private contractors. “You’ve just upped the ante,” said the former U.S. official, who worked on counterterrorism programs in West Africa and said the idea of moving Predators to the region had been discussed for two years. “You’ve militarized the problem.” In recent days, the United States and Niger have finalized a new “status of forces” agreement that would permit the expanded presence of U.S. troops in the country. The Obama administration has increased

THE WASHINGTON POST

WASHINGTON — A bipartisan group of senators outlined a sweeping proposal Monday to overhaul the nation’s immigration laws, saying that the time has come to fix “our broken immigration system.” At a joint news conference, five of the eight senators who signed on to a detailed statement of principles to guide the effort portrayed it as a way to resolve the plight of millions of undocumented immigrants living illegally in society’s shadows and to modernize and streamline the legal immigration system. “We have a long way to go, but this bipartisan blueprint is a major breakthrough,” said Sen. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y. He expressed hope that the Senate could pass a bill by late spring or summer. Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., vowed that the overhaul would not repeat “the mistakes of 1986,” when, he said, an amnesty program legalized millions of illegal immigrants but created conditions for the illegal entry of many millions more. The other members of the group behind the proposal are Democrats Richard Durbin, Ill., Robert Menendez, N.J., and Michael Bennet, Colo., and Republicans Lindsey Graham, S.C., Marco Rubio, Fla., and Jeff Flake, Ariz. The White House embraced the immigration reform proposal Monday but stopped short of pledging President Barack Obama’s signature, noting that legislation on the issue has yet to be drafted. “It’s a set of principles that mirror the president’s principles,” White House press secretary Jay Carney told reporters at Monday’s briefing. The president is expected to present his own proposal at an event in Las Vegas on Tuesday. The senators’ announcement comes as a bipartisan group of House members is also working on an immigration proposal. House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, said last week that they “basically have an agree-

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ment.” The Senate group presented its proposal at a packed Capitol Hill news conference attended by dozens of English and foreignlanguage media outlets. The group outlined the key balance in its proposed framework: Legalization would be afforded almost immediately to the nation’s 11 million undocumented immigrants, provided they pay back taxes and a fine. But the opportunity to pursue full citizenship would not become available until the border was secured and new systems were in place for employers to verify workers’ immigration status and for the government to ensure that legal immigrants cannot overstay their visas. The document also calls for tying flows of legal immigration to the nation’s unemployment rate but generally expanding visa programs to discourage people from crossing the border without permission. “It’s a pretty straightforward principle,” said Rubio, who switched between English and Spanish during the lengthy rollout. “It’s a principle that says we have to modernize our legal immigration system, we have to have a real enforcement mechanism to ensure we’re never here again in the future, and we have to deal with the people that are here now in a way that’s responsible but humane.” Despite being authored by lawmakers of both parties, the proposal could face sharp opposition on Capitol Hill, where the last attempt at an immigration overhaul sank in 2007. Three years later, in the 2010 lameduck session, legislation that would have provided a path to citizenship for young people who were brought to the country illegally as children fell short of passage in the Senate. Response from the GOP on Monday was mixed. A number of key Republicans who have long opposed similar comprehensive reform efforts said their concerns have not abated. Rep. Lamar Smith, Texas, who just completed a term as chairman of the House SEE IMMIG. ON PAGE 4

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TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 2013 | 3

Israeli troops swap guns for computers By Gwen Ackerman BLOOMBERG NEWS

JERUSALEM — At an army base outside Tel Aviv, soldiers sit in front of screens glued to scrolling colored computer code, keyboards at the ready to deflect attacks. They’re Israel’s cyber defense team in training, among the uniformed men and women learning how to stalk hackers and pounce on virtual enemies as the state shields everything from ministry websites to the systems running the Tel Aviv stock market. “To become one of the leading countries in cyber security, we have to act quickly to ensure that everyone will understand Israel is on its way to becoming a leading cyber-nation,” Rami Efrati, head of the civilian division of the National Cyber Bureau, said in an interview at the year-old agency this month. “Cyber security can be a national growth engine.” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who expects to be tapped to form Israel’s next ruling coalition later this week, has been channeling resources to the intensifying subterranean war through fiber optic cables between Israel and its enemies. The Israeli leader has repeatedly pointed to Iran and its allies, warning of the threat of cyber-attacks last month. Iran in turn accused Israel and the United States of trying to sabotage its nuclear program in 2011, while last year a virus wreaked havoc with Iranian computer

systems. “Cyber has three dimensions: intelligence, defense and offense,” said Amos Yadlin, the former military intelligence chief who now heads the Institute for National Security Studies at Tel Aviv University. “Anyone who deals with any one of the dimensions must understand the other two. You can’t defend if you don’t know how to attack.” Israeli government networks are among the most highly attacked in the world, with daily assaults numbering in the tens of thousands, the Soufan Group, a New York-based security adviser, said in a Jan. 14 report. Two months ago, civilian computer technicians sat in front of a bank of screens in a Jerusalem government building deflecting millions of attempted attacks on Israeli government websites as the country’s air force struck the Hamascontrolled Gaza Strip and rockets hit Israel’s towns and cities. Palestinian militants in Gaza consider cyber part of their resistance to Israel. “Our professional hackers never sleep,” said the spokesman for a pro-Hamas group who goes by the name Abu Mujahid. Islamic Jihad, which like Hamas is considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the U.S. and the European Union, said in November its operatives hacked into 5,000 mobile phones belonging to senior Israeli army officers. On the other side, an Israeli hacker

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Artist Makoto Fujimura presents the opening night of QU4RTETS, a series of four paintings by Fujimura and Bruce Herman based on T.S. Eliot poems. The paintings will be in the Duke Chapel through Feb. 9.

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CANCER from page 1 [the] body. The less you do to disturb the homeostasis of the biology, the better,” she said. The study conflicts with the increasing number of women who are choosing the more invasive mastectomy surgery to treat the earlier stages of the cancer, Hwang added. Nonetheless, the researchers believe that the more invasive surgery may give patients a greater sense of control over the cancer. “One of the things that drive women to opt for the more invasive surgery in this case is for peace of mind,” said co-author Christina Clarke, Trinity ’95 and researcher at the Cancer Prevention Institute of California. “[Patients] believe that if they get all the tissue out, they will not have to worry about it in the future.” The subsequent daily six-week radiation treatment after the lumpectomy could also be too great a time commitment for some

IMMIG. from page 2 Judiciary Committee, which oversees immigration issues, said in a statement that “by granting amnesty, the Senate proposal actually compounds the problem by encouraging more illegal immigration.” Republican Sens. Jeff Sessions, Ala., and David Vitter, La., who had helped lead efforts to scuttle comprehensive immigration legislation in 2007, despite its support from President George W. Bush, came to the Senate floor to say they have deep reservations. Particularly problematic for the bipartisan group was a statement from Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah, who had participated in some of the gang’s early negotiations. It indicated that

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patients, Gomez said, adding that the more invasive one-time surgery may be appealing to women juggling work, family and other commitments. Hwang noted that although no data proves either treatment to be more effective, it is crucial that women understand the research behind their choices before selecting a more invasive surgery. “While [the trend] is not troubling per se, it is important for women to know when they are making that decision that it’s not based on any supportive data,” Hwang added. The researchers hope that their findings will lead to further analysis of other data sets to determine if this increased rate of survival in lumpectomy patients holds true for other general populations. They also anticipate these results to spur more dialog between women and their care providers regarding future treatment options. “This [finding] really enforces how important that discussion really is,” Clarke said.

he could not sign on to the final product because it contemplates a “policy that will grant special benefits to illegal immigrants based on their unlawful presence in the country.” But Republican leaders greeted the proposal with more encouragement. Boehner — who has said that Congress must deal with immigration this year — said he welcomed the proposal and looked forward to reviewing it. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., praised the group for its “hard work” and called for an open Senate process to review any legislation that results. The dramatic reversal in Republican opinion on the emotional issue can be traced directly to November’s presidential vote, which saw Obama win the support of seven in 10 Latino voters, according to exit polls.

HACKED from page 1 department,” the message concluded. The Office of Information Technology said the hacking incident was contained, and staff members are taking measures to prevent future incidents. “No Duke data or user information was compromised,” wrote Richard Biever, chief information security officer and director of identity management, in an email Monday. “The incident was limited to a portion of the library ePrint printers and was the only such issue that we have seen.” Biever noted that OIT is working with other University departments to ensure that other printers do not experience a similar problem. Further “specific information” about the hacking incident was unavailable,

Cara Bonnett, OIT managing editor, said. The affected printers were unavailable for use Sunday after the breach was detected. “Usually I am frustrated when [the printers] break down for technical reasons, but this was kind of amusing,” junior Josh Weiss said. He added, however, that the incident indicates a need for greater security measures. “Friends of mine who are more computer-savvy than me have told me hacking the Duke system like that is currently not that hard to do,” Weiss said. Some ePrint users were unaware of the hacking, given the frequency of outof-order ePrint stations. “I didn’t even notice because ePrint is always broken anyway,” said sophomore Corrie Potter.

PHOTO COURTESY OF KRISTIN BRUNN

A message that printed out of several Perkins ePrint stations in numerous copies Sunday reveals that an unknown individual hacked into the system.

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CYBER from page 3 calling himself “Yourikan” published credit card numbers and expiration dates belonging to customers of the Palestinian Internet service provider Palnet, according to eSecurity Planet. Two months earlier, the Israeli defaced more than 90 Iranian sites, according to an interview he gave to Infosec Island, an online community for network professionals who manage security, risk and compliance issues. “A virtual exchange of blows has been around in the Middle East for over a decade,” said Gabi Weimann, a Haifa University professor who wrote “Terror on the Internet: The New Arena, The New Challenges.” The army’s defense unit was established as the threats grow increasingly sophisticated and follows the founding of an offensive division in the intelligence corps that Soufan said is reportedly comparable to the American National Security Agency in technical expertise, if not in size. The military has increased the budget for the intel-

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ligence unit believed to be charged with cyber offense to 2 billion shekels ($537 million), the Ynet news site said in November. In October, Channel 2 television said the army wants to double the number of soldiers in the unit. The army declined to comment. The National Cyber Bureau started operating as part of the Prime Minister’s Office in January 2012, the same month the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange and El Al Israel Airlines Ltd. were paralyzed by a Saudi hacker, who also published credit card information of thousands of Israelis on the Web. It won’t be long until cyber-attacks have the ability to determine a war, Tel Aviv University’s Yadlin said at a seminar in September. “I can’t say if it will be 10 years, 20 years, or less than that.” More needs to be done for Israel to be ready, said Erel Margalit, founder of the $900 million Jerusalem Venture Partners, which is investing in Israeli cyber-war technology start-ups. “There is a new heightened awareness today and things need to go to the next level,” said Margalit, who

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was elected to parliament last week for the opposition Labor Party. To achieve that, the bureau gave 50 million shekels to education projects and 80 million shekels to start-up companies working in computer security. Netanyahu, at the inauguration of a civilian high school program run by the bureau in coordination with the military and a private fund last month, congratulated the chosen students as the country’s “future interceptors.” There are now 150 of them in training and Efrati said that will multiply this year. The tenth through twelfth-grade students are taught by former intelligence corps. soldiers who are expert in cyber. “We see cyber-attacks and security as both a threat and an opportunity,” Efrati said on Jan. 13, noting the high school program was given a four-year budget of several million shekels. “We need new people who know how to deal with cyber. Finding the right ones is like looking for a needle in a haystack.” Daniella Shamrakov, a 16-year-old computer whiz picked for the program, looks forward to being drafted into an elite unit to defend her country, she said. She eventually wants to work for a high-technology company. “The program intends to improve the quality of those dealing with cyber, boost their knowledge and increase the number of people who are cyber experts,” said Lt. Col. Saguy, the intelligence officer involved in the course who can only be identified by his first name. Exercises include having the students create a virtual environment into which a virus is let loose. The students have to catch the virus, put in into what is called a sandbox and then watch and learn how it operates. Only the best will then be posted to Israel’s cyber front, he said. Technology makes up almost half of industrial exports. Israel’s economy depends on exports, which account for about 40 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. Check Point Software Technologies Ltd., the world’s second- largest maker of security networks, looks for new software developers in the military programs, Chief Executive Officer Gil Shwed, a veteran of an elite intelligence unit, has said. Cyber-Ark Software Ltd., another Israeli cyber-defense company, also locates top programmers in units that include the army’s program for exceptional math and science students. “We’re always looking for a relative military advantage and technology is a way to do that,” the commander of the C4-1 computer division, Lt. Col. O, said in an interview at the Tel Aviv base. She can only be identified by the first letter of her first name and her rank due to security reasons. One of about 20 soldiers currently in the course, whose name also can’t be revealed in accordance with army regulation, said every hour he learns something new. “The concept in Israel is that war still means dodging through a battlefield, but there is this new dimension developing at full speed,” he said. Another student noted that in the virtual war, the assailant has the element of surprise that means “you have to think like he does, outof-the box.”

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counterterrorism assistance to Niger in recent years and sent Special Forces personnel there on training missions, but the numbers have been limited to a dozen or so troops at a time. The Pentagon has been hamstrung in its effort to gain better intelligence about the growing number of al-Qaida fighters and other extremists in the Sahara because of a lack of bases in the region, but also because of legal restrictions on what it can do on Malian territory. The Obama administration withdrew trainers and shut off all military aid to Mali in March after a coup there toppled a democratically elected government. U.S. officials cannot resume military assistance to Mali until it holds new elections — a far-fetched prospect, given the political turmoil there. U.S. officials said they were facing a balancing act over the need to improve their intelligence collection amid a reluctance to send more aircraft or troops to the region. “With Niger, the first question is, is this something they’re willing to host?” said a senior U.S. official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal planning. “If the answer is yes, then the question is, can you accomplish something like that with an acceptable footprint?” As a condition of winning permission for a drone base, the U.S. government might also be required to share intelligence from the flights with the Niger military — an added complication that has scuttled or limited other partnerships in the region, U.S. officials said.


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The Chronicle

TUESDAY January 29, 2013

Read more about Duke’s win against Maryland and get an in-depth look at the ACC as conference play continues Wednesday against Wake Forest.

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The good, the bad, the ugly of the new NCAA rules Lost amid an otherwise embarrassing stretch for the NCAA was that the organization made its biggest step forward under President Mark Emmert early last week. The progress is less of a leap and more of a stumble, but for once it reflects a modicum of selfChris awareness from the NCAA. Well, sort of. The good: The NCAA changed 25 regulations from its Stone Age rulebook to reflect what the rest of the country knew years ago: It cannot control the more than 400,000 athletes at 1,000 member schools the way David Stern governs the NBA or Roger Goodell oversees the NFL. (Why? Because professional sports don’t have to worry about maintaining amateurism. Stern doesn’t have to chase down Kevin Durant outside a press conference to ask him how he could afford a Gucci backpack, as the NCAA did with UCLA’s Shabazz Muhammad and Kyle Anderson last week—a move that reeked of sour grapes after the organization’s earlier mishandling of an investigation into Muhammad’s recruitment.) The bad: The changes will widen the ever-growing competitive gap in collegiate athletics. The ugly: The new rules won’t matter if the NCAA has no credibility, and the organization certainly lost the little it had left after its ethical transgressions in investigating Miami. The changes are the result of nearly 18 months of analysis done by a Rules Working Group of college presidents commissioned by Emmert in August 2011. Of the 25 modifications, two are poised to become the most controversial over the next few

Cusack

years. Rule 13-3, which will come into effect July 1, “will eliminate restrictions on methods and modes of communication during recruiting.” In combination with rule 11-2, “which will eliminate the rules defining recruiting coordination functions that must be performed only by a head or assistant coach,” recruiting is now a whole new ballgame. Coaches can now text recruits as much as they want, whenever they want and even hire a recruiting coordinator (or recruiting staff!) to deal with the details. It’s a move that ends any pretense of creating competitive balance in college athletics. Alabama’s football program can now use part of the $45 million profit it made in 2011-12 to hire a full staff to text, call, email, send letters, write postcards and send messenger pigeons to each one of the school’s targets 50 times a day. It’s unfair to Boise State and other low-budget hopefuls, but did anybody really believe that competitive balance still existed? Nine of Yahoo Sports’ top 10 football recruiting classes last season went to schools that ranked in the nation’s top 15 in athletic department spending, and the lone outlier was Miami, which isn’t exactly strapped for cash. The real reason this move should be seen as progress, though, is that the NCAA finally realized it had no way to enforce the contact limitations it had in place. The organization employs about 40 investigators who rely largely on unsolicited tips and sources around the country for information on infractions. They can access only publicly available information and lack subpoena power, and thus can only interview those willing to talk to them. It’s an impossible job,

CHRIS DIECKHAUS/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

SEE CUSACK ON PAGE 8

Duke basketball recruit Semi Ojeleye visited earlier in the season, but the NCAA still has work to do to reform its methods, Cusack writes.

MEN’S BASKETBALL

I found Blue Devil pride amid Hurricane hatred The following is a guest column written by Michelle Picon, Trinity ’11, about her experience attending last Wednesday’s Duke-Miami men’s basketball game that the Hurricanes won 90-63. During the Miami game last Wednesday, DukeBluePlanet posted a photo of my friends and me captioned “Found brave Duke fans in the Miami student section.” There are thousands of us, scattered around the countries by new jobs or graduate programs, who continue to be dedicated Duke fans despite new institutional affiliations. Our group of six—five current Miami medical students and one law student—comprised that spot of blue in a sea of orange, the calm and collected eye in the middle of the Hurricanes. Although we somehow walked away unscathed, our treatment at the hands of the Miami student body, mascot and senior administration was even more disparaging than the whooping our boys received on the court. The following is our report from the trenches. First of all, we need to acknowledge that the Canes basketball team played a great game, and we offer them a welldeserved congratulations. They visited the students lining up for the game, and engaged us in conversation despite our Duke gear. They respected our need to represent our alma mater, and after some good-natured heckling, both sides walked away smiling.

PHOTO VIA DUKEBLUEPLANET INSTAGRAM

Unfortunately, the maturity and good sportsmanship displayed by these men was not reflected by the institution they represent. My classmates and I had been in line for the game for hours when the Dean of Students first appeared. He expressed his disbelief at our Duke apparel, and continued to express his disapproval even after we explained we were former Duke students excited to watch our team, and had no intention of actively cheering against Miami. He told us condescendingly that he would allow us to remain in the student line, but he assured us that on behalf of President Donna Shalala, they were not going to let us easily into this game to cheer for Duke in the front of the Miami student section. I assumed he was just giving us a hard time. After all, we are tuition-paying Miami students who were waiting near the front of the student line in accordance with all the correct university policies. Turns out, he was not joking. When the time came for us to enter the stadium, guards literally corralled our tiny group of six and herded us toward the two sourfaced individuals in suits. Ladies and gentlemen, I f—ing kid you not, the Dean of Students and the Vice President of Student Affairs stood between us and the stadium, allowing dozens of

A photo from DukeBluePlanet of Michelle Picon and her friends at the Miami game captioned “Found brave Duke fans in the Miami student section.”

SEE MIAMI ON PAGE 8


8 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 2013

THE CHRONICLE

MEN’S BASKETBALL

CUSACK from page 7

Blue Devils slip to No. 5 in the AP Poll by Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

After losing by 27 points last week to then-No. 25 Miami, the Blue Devils were certain to surrender the top spot in the rankings. The only question was how far voters would send them down after the drubbing, which was followed up by a 20-point home victory against Maryland. Duke is ranked No. 5 in this week’s AP Poll behind Michigan, Kansas, Indiana and Florida. The Wolverines received 51 of the 65 first-place votes while Kansas and Florida received 13 and one, respectively. Michigan and Kansas are the only remaining teams with one loss. The Blue Devils have been ranked in the top 10 of the AP Poll for 106 consecutive weeks, dating back to the Nov. 19, 2007 poll in which they were ranked No. 13. Two voters placed Duke outside of the top 10 this week while four voters ranked them as high as No. 3. Miami, which followed up its win against Duke with a 24-point win against Florida State, jumped up to No. 14 in the poll. N.C. State rounded out the ACC teams in the poll, checking in at No. 19.

Read more analysis of the polls and thoughts on Duke’s ranking on the sports blog sports.chronicleblogs.com

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which is why the decision to deregulate the uncontrollable violations was so necessary. The real losers—as always with the NCAA—are the athletes themselves. Somewhere along the way, coaches nationwide decided the only way to show a recruit how much they cared was through the quantity of contact, rather than the quality. Nick Saban famously sent a recruit 100 letters in a single day, ostensibly to demonstrate the almighty power of Alabama football. Now athletes will be subject even further to a novelty that wears off quickly as the boxes of form letters pile up in the living room. If these rule changes are all about enforceability and streamlining the process, though, then it’s time to face the elephant in the room head on: Amateurism. Just as the NCAA can’t possibly police the actions of hundreds of thousands of players and coaches nationwide, it has no means of preventing Shabazz Muhammad from accepting money to play at UCLA— or apparently, of effectively investigating the issue. It’s not the solution the NCAA wants, considering its whole existence is reliant on an endless supply of free labor, but it’s the realization it’ll have to come to if it plans to continue paring down its rulebook by eliminating unenforceable laws. Last weekend’s announcement was a relatively strong step forward for an organization that has seemingly been springing in the wrong direction for the last two years, but I’ll remain unimpressed until they actually tackle the biggest issues facing college athletics.

MIAMI from page 7 people to pass us in line as they lectured us on our apparently deplorable and wildly unacceptable desire to show support for our home team. Four-plus years as Cameron Crazies, hard-earned Duke degrees and constitutionallyprotected freedom of speech notwithstanding, senior administrators of the undergraduate campus dared scold us for wearing Duke blue to a basketball game. The catty, disparaging and immature attitude they displayed during this exchange was astounding. The fact that not one, but two top university officials felt the need to bully six graduate students and attempt to punish us for a lack of “school spirit” suggests an unfathomable depth of insecurity. Needless to say, such spiteful actions would never be used against any graduate students at Duke (or any other self-respecting university), regardless of their previous educational or athletic allegiance. Halfway through the berating, the Dean of Students switched tactics entirely, encouraging us to report any instances of abuse at the hands of the drunken, fratty undergraduate mob. I’m unsure if his intentions were to atone for his embarrassing behavior thus far, or merely to buy more time for students to pass us in line to the stadium. Regardless, he showed only mild surprise when we told him that the fluffy pathetic Hurricane mascot had already picked a piece of pizza up off the ground and thrown it at us, followed shortly by the empty box. At least our Blue Devil has class. Unfortunately, the immaturity and spite exhibited by the administration and the mascot was only amplified among the student body. About 1,300 students were in attendance, and I’m sure 1,200 of them had never watched a Miami basketball game in their entire undergraduate careers. Uninspired expletives, homophobic slurs and limp references to genitalia were the only “cheers” I heard from Miami students the entire game. They did not cease during the national anthem, nor during a moment of silence for a deceased member of their own coaching staff. Pause for a second and imagine that scene in Cameron. That’s OK—we couldn’t either. But what followed was even harder to imagine: During the game, the majority of the students standing near us would physically turn their backs on their own team in order to comment on the size of our penises. Meanwhile, Miami played the game of their lives unobserved. I leave it up to you to infer what these students are really passionate about. Hint: It’s not basketball. I will gladly admit that the Canes played an incredible game and rightly deserved that victory. But I walked away from that game ashamed and embarrassed to be even remotely associated with the Miami undergraduates. Although Duke played the worst game I have ever seen, I am still proud to call myself a Blue Devil. This experience only served to deepen my appreciation and respect for Cameron Crazies, an exemplary group of boisterous, witty and dedicated supporters—the sixth man, a true fan indeed.

RecruitingRoundup Every Monday, recruiting beat writer Brady Buck brings the latest recruiting news relevant to Duke fans on The Blue Zone, The Chronicle’s sports blog. Here is this week’s Recruiting Roundup and make sure to visit sports.chronicleblogs.com for the feature every week.

Duke and Chicago high school basketball fans got a special treat Saturday night as two of the city’s powerhouse programs—three-time defending state champion Simeon Career Academy and nationally ranked Whitney Young—faced off in front of a packed crowd at Chicago State Univeristy. Simeon features Duke commit Jabari Parker, who was playing against his close friend and AAU teammate, Jahlil Okafor of Whitney Young. The No. 2 player in the class of 2014 according to ESPN, Okafor—a skilled 6-foot-10, 270-pound center—is one of the Blue Devil coaching staff’s top recruiting priorities in the junior class. Televised on ESPNU, the game was not the most aesthetically pleasing display of basketball. Parker and Okafor finished with seven and eight points, respectively. Simeon (18-2) prevailed with a 44-41 win against Whitney Young (18-2) to maintain its spot as the king of high school basketball in the Windy City. In stark contrast to his quiet performance on Saturday, Parker—a 6-foot-8 small forward ranked No. 2 overall in the class of 2013—registered arguably his best performance on the year last Monday with 28 points in a victory against national power Oak Hill Academy, as reported last week. Tyus Jones—the Duke coaches’ other primary focus in the class of 2014—will take an unofficial visit to Kansas Feb. 23-24, per a tweet by Jason Jordan of USA Today. Ranked as the No. 1 player in the class of 2014 according to ESPN, the do-it-all floor general is considering Duke, Ohio State, Michigan State, Kansas, Minnesota, Baylor and Kentucky. Jones, a Minnesota native, was considering North Carolina too until recently. Last week, the Tar Heel coaching staff received a commitment from Joel Berry—ESPN’s No. 3 point guard in the class of 2014. Berry’s commitment is huge for a North Carolina program that has failed to recruit at a standard that it is used to over the past couple years. Berry’s commitment essentially eliminates the Tar Heels from Jones’ list of potential suitors, according to Jones’ most recent USA Today blog post. Thus, North Carolina may face an uphill battle to land Okafor due to the strong sentiment that he and Jones—his good friend— will attend the same school. Other recruiting news around the Triangle: N.C. State hosted a bevy of elite prep basketball recruits over the weekend for its 91-83 win over rival North Carolina. The guest list featured Wolfpack signee Anthony “Cat” Barber, 2014 verbal commitments Cody and and Caleb Martin, as well as Julius Randle—a top-five player in the class of 2013 who is uncommitted.


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The Independent Daily at Duke University

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A search for Waldo “Bloodied and haggard, he Universities from Wake Forslumped onto the cell’s char- est to Brandeis have adopted coal floor, a cigarette dangling wacky essay questions in an from lips swollen and oozing attempt to gain a more nusomething awful. His shirt— anced understanding of their the candy-striped stamp of a applicants and unearth those man hunted students who and harried— promise to imeditorial rebelled against prove the unithe bleakness surrounding versity through both academic him. It was the only remaining skill and imaginative might. evidence of his life on the lam.” The questions a university (This is our attempt to answer asks its applicants indicate, “Where’s Waldo, Really?” one to a certain extent, the uniof the University of Chicago’s versity’s priorities, the likely 2012 application questions.) composition of the student The offbeat essay prompt body and the tenor of the is emblematic of the growing campus culture. Duke, breaktendency among colleges to ing from its pattern of quickly plumb the creative potential adopting trends set by other of prospective students as a way top-tier universities, has so to overcome the limitations of far resisted off-the-wall essay standardized admissions crite- questions. As it has for years, ria that suffocate uniqueness the supplementary applicaand discourage risk-taking. tion’s optional essay asks stu-

This isn’t just a slap-a-law-on-it problem, this is a societal problem, and no government action will forcibly create a change in national culture. Anyone that suggests otherwise, unfortunately, is only worsening the issue. —“Fruzion” commenting on the letter “Wage discrimination is anti-feminist.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Direct submissions to:

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YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Editor LAUREN CARROLL, Managing Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, News Editor ANDREW BEATON, Sports Editor CHRIS DALL, Photography Editor MAGGIE LAFALCE, Editorial Page Editor KATHERINE ZHANG, Editorial Board Chair PARKER KUIVILA, Managing Editor for Online JIM POSEN, Director of Online Operations CHRISSY BECK, General Manager KRISTIE KIM, University Editor TIFFANY LIEU, Local & National Editor ANDREW LUO, Health & Science Editor CAROLINE RODRIGUEZ, News Photography Editor PHOEBE LONG, Design Editor MICHAELA DWYER, Recess Editor SOPHIA DURAND, Recess Photography Editor SCOTT BRIGGS, Editorial Page Managing Editor MATTHEW CHASE, Towerview Editor ADDISON CORRIHER, Towerview Photography Editor NICOLE KYLE, Social Media Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Senior Editor REBECCA DICKENSON, Advertising Director MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager DAVID RICE, Director of External Relations

dents only to “discuss why you consider Duke a good match for you.” Although Duke brims with creative students, the University’s sober inquiry into its applicants’ collegiate preferences speaks to its selfimage as a school specializing not in the imaginative arts but in equipping students with practical knowledge. As other universities have discovered, the chief benefit of creative prompts lies in their ability to account for the variety of ways in which individuals express intelligence. It allows applicants who identify themselves as creative, but who may not excel according to traditional metrics, to showcase their talent and curiosity. For an applicant whose intellectual capacities manifest themselves in other ways, the

creative essay can serve as a test of writing competency and trace an outline of the applicant’s personality. As essay questions become zanier, however, they introduce more play into an already subjective process, allowing biases—conscious and unconscious—to seep into and color admission decisions. Creativity is not only incredibly difficult to judge, but it is also culturally constructed and understood, and placing too much emphasis on originality risks privileging applicants whose conceptions of creativity happen to align with those held by application readers. Moreover, as readers confront greater variability in applicants’ essays, they may have to depend more on culturally informed and freighted guide-

lines to make consequential admissions decisions. Relying on imperfect human beings to assess creativity—and determine how much it ought to count—threatens the fairness of the process. Admittedly, this threat is part of any holistic approach to college admissions. As the process comes to rely less on standardized criteria, admissions officers trade the ability to clearly discriminate between applicants for the promise of filling the university with students ranging in their talents and preferences. For the most part, Duke has balanced this tradeoff well, but mounting pressure to afford more weight to originality may have Duke searching for more creative applicants. In turn, Duke may have applicants searching for Waldo.

It’s never too late

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MARGOT TUCHLER, University Editor JACK MERCOLA, Local & National Editor DANIELLE MUOIO, Health & Science Editor ELYSIA SU, Sports Photography Editor ELIZA STRONG, Design Editor HOLLY HILLIARD, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Online Photo Editor ASHLEY MOONEY, Sports Managing Editor SONIA HAVELE, Towerview Editor MELISSA YEO, Towerview Creative Director NICOLE KYLE, Special Projects Editor MAGGIE SPINI, Senior Editor MICHAEL SHAMMAS, Recruitment Chair BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director MEGAN MCGINITY, Digital Sales Manager

The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at http://www.dukechronicle.com. © 2012 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

I

didn’t grow up wanting to be a physician. But modern medicine’s most routine triumphs. some time during the Fall of my junior year, it ocI joined an interventional cardiologist to place a curred to me that medicine might be a good fit. stent in the coronary artery of a 91-year-old patient, The problem was that I knew next to nothing about whom I will call Elaine. Elaine had suffered a mild medicine, had never interacted with heart attack three days before, and physicians outside of regular check her heart was starved for oxygen. ups and had finished my economics Projected onto a screen above the major without ever taking a pre-med operating table was a black-and-white class. Was I too late? Do you really image of her chest; the black marked need to know what you want to do where there was healthy blood flow, with your life by the time you are a the white where there was none. We junior? A senior? Over the past year, I could see that one whole quadrant of have learned that the answer to these the screen—one chamber of Elaine’s questions is a definitive “no.” heart—was white, dying from lack of But that doesn’t mean that you oxygen. The doctor and one of the shouldn’t be searching. I found my nurses used a number of wires to relief in the fact that there are many work their way to Elaine’s clogged post-baccalaureate premedical proartery, and with a flourish of their grams—post baccs—that annually pre-med series lines placed a stent at the congested admit students who want to change site. Elaine’s artery was opened, and premeditations their careers to medicine. Disillublood started to flow to her heart sioned investment bankers, overagain, turning the white on the worked lawyers and brave English majors—some- screen to black. Upon seeing the white turn to gray, times as old as 50—flock to post-bacc programs I knew that medicine was the right career for me. because they see medicine as a personally and fiMy point in this column is not to try to “connancially rewarding calling. Just this past month, I vert” people to medicine, as if it were that simple. began submitting applications to some of the most Individuals considering medicine as a career need selective of these programs and am now waiting to to understand what they are getting into before hear back. But it is my journey, not my destination, making such a huge commitment. Through volthat I think is particularly instructive. unteering and shadowing, I got a sense for the I didn’t decide that I wanted to be a doctor over- good and bad aspects of being a physician. There night. And I didn’t really know where to begin, so were actually a surprising number of physicians I asked for help from friends, family members and who advised me not to pursue medicine. A physiDuke’s pre-health advisors. They all told me the cian’s life is one of sacrifice: long hours, endless same thing: If you are thinking about being a doc- paperwork, insoluble cases and impossible pator, then you need to spend time among the sick. tients. But despite all of that, my experiences over I started getting direct experience with patients in the last year have convinced me that I need to be a Duke’s Cancer Center and found the experience physician—in part so that I can try to be a positive to be very rewarding. As a volunteer through the agent for change in medicine. Duke Cancer Patient Support Program, I spent I have also learned two larger lessons. The first is roughly four hours every week sharing snacks, that we ask all the wrong questions when we think soda and an open ear with chemotherapy patients about our careers. Instead of asking, “What do I as they were getting their treatments. Outside of want to do with my future?” we should be asking, the hospital, I read books by Atul Gawande, Sid- “What kind of person do I want to be?” I always dhartha Mukherjee and others, which helped ed- knew that I wanted to work in the service of others. ucate me on the many challenges that physicians And I aspire to be a person who interacts with and face in daily practice. empowers other people. As a doctor, I will do both. And after a lot of paperwork and even more wait- But there’s a greater lesson in my story and it’s this: ing, I finally met some real-life physicians. To see Despite popular opinion and our own doubts and medicine from the point of view of the physician fears, it’s never too late to try something new, even and not the patient was life-changing for me. Over medicine. It’s never too late—fortunately! the course of the last 12 months, I have worked alongside general surgeons, interventional cardiolPaul Horak, Trinity ’13, is a Duke pre-med. This cologists, pediatricians and ER docs from around the umn is the third installment in a semester-long series of country. Although I have seen my fair share of trag- weekly columns written on the pre-med experience at Duke, edies in that time, the experience that confirmed as well as the diverse ways students can pursue and enmy interest in medicine came after seeing one of gage with the field of medicine.


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TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 2013 | 11

commentaries

It feels like the first time

W

hen it comes to talking about sex, Duke stu- so much in my time at Duke, I can’t wait to discuss dents often end the conversation as prema- the topics above, and more, in order to influence turely as, well. … perceptions, and be influenced. Let’s just say the inaugural version of “One Sexy It’s so easy to label without really exploring the Week” at Duke is only the beginning of how our connotations, history and consequences of labels. community can grow. For instance, I recently began calling myself a “sex From Feb. 3 through Feb. 9, we have the oppor- positive feminist,” and yet I had absolutely no idea tunity to attend discussions ranging from “‘Sexo- that this term dates back to the 1970s and that there tification’: Racial Exoticization and was a so-called “feminist sex wars” beSexual Stereotyping” and “Enriching tween those campaigning against porRelationships: Thinking About Connography and prostitution and those sidering a Sexual Relationship,” to who identified a different way of fightworkshops like “I Love Female Oring oppression. I feel divorced from gasm” and a film screening of “The an entire history. Purity Myth.” There’s also “Sex Myths,” Ultimately, I found my favorite con“LGBT 101,” “Sexual Fluidity,” “Pracception of this perspective described ticing Sex Religiously” and a panel on by Clarisse Thorn, a feminism S&M samantha sexuality and disabilities. There will writer, who writes on being sex posilachman even be free swag (lube, condoms, tive: “Among consenting adults, there etc.) handed out to those tenting for what’s our age again? is no ‘should.’ The whole idea behind the UNC game in K-Ville. being sex-positive is that we don’t want Sophomore Chandler Thomas, a fellow Women’s people to be having—or not having—sex because Center intern, explained to me in an interview how they feel like they should.” Thorn continues, writshe conceived of the idea for a week devoted to sex- ing, “My agenda is this: if someone wants to have related topics at Duke: sex with men, or sex with women, or sex outside “A lot of the work that I do is associated with the marriage, or sex within marriage, or sex with mulnegative aspects of gender violence prevention and tiple people, or crazy kinky sex, or sex for money, or everything in that respect. Not only do we need to sex on videotape, or no sex at all … that’s all totally be focusing on bystander intervention to lower in- fine, as long as everyone involved feels good about stances of sexual assault, but we also need to have it. My agenda is to frame good sex as something eva broader conversation about sexuality and posi- eryone deserves, that everyone can be taught about tive sexual decision-making at our school. … It’s and trained in, and—more importantly—to conall about breaking down taboos, let’s actually have vince the rest of the world to see it that way too.” some productive discussions.” Other writers put it in a more gender-oriented I love both the premise and the planned activities way, arguing that sexual freedom is a key compofor this week because they’re collaborative, inclusive, nent of women’s freedom. And still others reject provocative and most of all, needed at Duke. Cam- that there’s an all-encompassing definition, but acpaigns (Who Needs Feminism?), retreats (Common knowledge that tensions exist between free will and Ground) and preventive efforts (bystander interven- systems of power. tion training) will only be enhanced and aided by a But as Gayle Rubin argued in 1984, “A democoncentrated week of dialogue that cuts across iden- cratic morality should judge sexual acts by the way tity factors. Ideally those who identify as male will go partners treat one another, the level of mutual conto the discussion about contraception and those who sideration, the presence or absence of coercion and identify as straight will go to an LGBT-themed talk. quantity and quality of the pleasures they provide. The critical question is this: How are we going … Because sexuality in Western societies is so mysto fight discrimination, oppression and ignorance tified, the wars over it are often fought at oblique if we don’t recognize that we are all allies in efforts angles, aimed at phony targets, conducted with misto make Duke a place in which everyone belongs, placed passions and are highly, intensely symbolic. regardless of sexual preference, gender identity or Sexual activities often function as signifiers for percultural difference? sonal and social apprehensions to which they have In conducting the (non-field) research for this no intrinsic connection.” column, I came across so many aspects of sexualHaving these conversations will help us celebrate ity I’ve never personally encountered. I’ve never the diverse ways in which people express, and don’t had a conversation with someone who is openly feel inclined to express, their sexuality. And I hope asexual, for instance, or talked about bondage and that this week is something that we all can experidiscipline, dominance and submission or sadism ence, together. and masochism (collectively known as BDSM) with someone who is a member of a kink community. And Samantha Lachman is a Trinity senior. Her column given that my own perspectives concerning gender runs every other Tuesday. Follow her on Twitter @Samnorms, sexuality, liberation and space have evolved Lachman.

lettertotheeditor Assume a can opener, and a woman to use it The story goes that a chemist, a physicist and an economist are stranded on an island with cans of food. The chemist proposes heating the cans with fire. The physicist plans to smash them with rocks. The economist says, “Assume a can opener.” In the Jan. 24 column, “Equal pay is anti-feminist,” the author assumes a can opener. Equal pay protection helps solve endemic market failures in the labor market. The column’s author assumes there is no failure. He sees women earning 77 cents on the dollar as a feature, not a flaw, of the market. The market must be working, so a woman’s labor must be worth 77 percent of a man’s, so tampering with this equilibrium must distort the market and disadvantage women whose only advantage was willingness to accept lesser pay for lesser work. Armed with the most dangerous amount of knowledge—a little—the author is optimistic about the labor market. It is a shame he holds such a dismal view of women. Part of the feminist project—indeed, any proj-

ect to promote equity for historically disadvantaged groups—is to shatter the bedrock assumption that women are less than. I am saddened to see the author join an infuriatingly large group of people who refuse to afford women the same benefit of the doubt as they extend to the market. It is emphatically feminist to assume something’s wrong when women are treated unequally. Even if he were right (he’s not), we should want to reorder the market better to accommodate women and enjoy the societal benefits of treating half the population with dignity, even if it means a smaller pie in the short run. Or, even more radically, maybe we should reorder our social mores and demand more of fathers who do not assume their share of caregiving and uncompensated labor, shifting the burden away from women who must often choose between family and career. (Pardon the heteronormativity; I have limited space). Daniel Lewin Trinity ‘10

Mali: a global wound

O

ne of the international developments that I have been following with great pain and disappointment is what has been going on in northern Mali since early 2012. For those who are not paying too much attention, here is a brief summary: Mali, a former French colony, is a West African nation that had often been cited as a democratic model in that region. Since last January, several Tuareg and Arab insurgent groups, many of them heavily armed, have been fighting a campaign against the Ma- abdullah antepli lian government for indepenblue devil imam dence for northern Mali, an area known also as Azawad. By April 2012, these various insurgent groups gained enormous success against government troops and gained control of more than half of the country. As the conflict continued, some of the insurgent groups, which are made up of radical extremists and linked to the terrorist group Al-Qaeda, seized power and declared a so-called Sharia law, implementing their understanding of the Islamic state. The international community, led mainly by the French army, finally acted and, in partnership with the weak Malian army, has been conducting a military campaign against these insurgent groups. This military intervention has been successful so far, but many in the international community believe that the problem is far from being solved. In recent decades, we have seen this tragedy multiple times in other parts of the world. This cancer of so-called religious extremism and violence has shown its ugly and disgusting face in the Taliban’s Afghanistan, Somalia and more. This deadly disease, needless to say, is anything but Islamic, and finds its way to socially, economically, culturally and intellectually devastated parts of the world and waits for the right time to strike. When we finally feel we killed all the snakes and closed all the snake holes in any given area, we see the emergence of the same despicable, poisonous cobra rising up somewhere else on the world map. I do not believe in absolute passivism, and I am in favor of using force when it’s necessary—so long as it is done by ethical, moral armies to end violence and injustice. I also endorse and agree with the recent French military intervention in northern Mali and am hoping that it will successfully weed out these terrorists. However, I don’t think humanity can win this battle and get cured of this ugly threat of extremism and violence only through military means. What we are fighting—as destructive and as troubling as it may be to most of us—is an idea, and we cannot wipe out ideas and ideologies with our physical power only. What I see in our fight against terrorism and radical extremism is the same fatal defect that I see in our medical and health care world. We invest trillions of dollars, not to mention unbelievable amounts of time, energy and human investment, for the treatment of many diseases when we do not spend even a tiny percentage of that money and effort for the preventative measures. We wait until people get really sick and then provide the costly treatment when we could have spent much less had we committed to preventing the same sickness. If the global community even reacts, it only does so once things get out of control, as we once again saw in Mali. Only after the virus of terrorism takes its roots and gains strength do you see the global powers scratching their heads and wondering what to do. I do not know what it will take for us to learn the mistakes and failures of our past struggles in dealing with radical extremism and violence. I wonder how many more countries and societies will be destroyed before we stop repeating too-little, too-late policies. More importantly, what will it take for us to stop wasting our time and energy in shallow and counter-productive blah-blahs and get our act together? Until we invest in drying the wetlands, which keep producing these terrorists, killing the mosquitoes through expensive and costly wars will not get us anywhere. We, the global community, have to address the root causes of terrorism and invest heavily in improving the immune system of societies, which are vulnerable and weak in the face of this challenge. Otherwise, Al-Qaeda or similar evil beings will continue to find more safe havens and ruin more precious lives. Abdullah Antepli is the Muslim Chaplain and an adjunct faculty of Islamic Studies. His column runs every other Tuesday. You can follow Abdullah on Twitter @aantepli.


12 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 29, 2013

THE CHRONICLE

TENTING from page 1 Safety Division examined the structures and on Jan. 15, the fire marshal sent word out through the line monitors—the students who police Krzyzewskiville—that the structures had to be disassembled. “Some sort of fire marshal was not comfortable having structures that were manmade and not flame retardant,” said Grace Summers, a senior black tenter. “People were really mad at the line monitors, but it’s not like they could do anything.” The main problem for the fire marshal stemmed from the use of flammable products in the structures. According to the Fire Safety Division, if these objects were to be contacted by melting membrane materials they would pose a serious danger to the students inside. These materials were found when one group used aluminum foil and wax paper for insulation of their structure. Many of the ideas for structures were paid for and built within the first two days, which made the news on Jan. 15 all the more difficult to hear. “On January 15, the office of fire and life safety notified Student Affairs that there were serious concerns about life safety issues and the possibility of even death because of the products that were being used in K-ville,” said Chris Roby, director of University Center Activities and Events. Money was another issue when it came to the line monitors being forced to end the structures, as many groups had already purchased wood, PVC pipes and tarps totaling more than $300, with some spending even more than that. “We spent somewhere between $200 and $300 on all the supplies. After the rain fiasco on that Monday we bought more PVC pipe to make an arch so it wouldn’t drip down,” Summers said. “We were plan-

CHRIS DIECKHAUS/THE CHRONICLE

Self-made structures in Krzyzewskiville were taken down because of fire-code dangers they imposed. ning on just keeping that, and that’s why we spent more money on it, so that was kind of a bummer.” Although most structures were not taken to that extreme, several groups tested the limits of both the fire marshal and city.

It would seem no matter how many engineering majors created some structures, they were not sound enough to pass code. “The first night of black tenting, the people next to us built a house. They literally built a four-walled structure,” Sum-

mers said. “Turns out that’s not okay. If you have a building with four walls you have to register it with the city.” Even though these student-made structures have since been dismantled, not all memorable structures were 10 feet tall or code-breaking in their designs. Some groups stuck to the very basics, needing only protection from the wind and rain rather than somewhere to socialize. “I’ll give credit to the guys down on the far end, who for the first couple days just had a tarp on the bottom and a tarp over them,” said Zach Morrow, a freshman black tenter. This type of creativity, while impressive, also creates a dangerous threat and liability for the University. The possibility of student harm in Krzyzewskiville was not a chance the University was willing to take, Roby said. “When it comes to students’ life and safety, that really isn’t negotiable. We worked with the head line monitors to implement the change,” Roby said. Although the head line monitors declined comment, it is believed that the practice of students constructing their own tents and structures will be prohibited, with students required to purchase commercialmade tents instead. “The recommendation was that to ensure the safety of students, they use tents that were purchased that have the specific specifications that are being safe and fire retardant,” Roby said. While it took some time to come around, not all students are opposed to the new rules, at least not after they had a good night’s sleep in their new tent. “We were sad to get rid of it, because we worked so hard, but once we got the real tent we were like, ‘Wow this is really nice. Why did we want to keep the old one?’” Summers said.

Inside today’s paper!

off campus

HOUSING resource guide

Visit the Off-Campus Housing Information Session tomorrow from 3 - 7 pm in the Old Trinity Room. This is your chance to ask questions and compare different housing options near Duke. By stopping by you could also win a $200 Amazon Gift Card!

Jan. 29, 2013 issue  

Tuesda, Jan. 29, 2013 issue of The Chronicle