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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTH YEAR, ISSUE 83

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

$50M gift to Students unfazed by co-ed bathrooms fund campuswide project by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE

by Elizabeth Djinis THE CHRONICLE

Duke has received a $50 million gift to support the launch of an interdisciplinary collaboration program, the University announced Tuesday. Bass Connections—also known as Duke IDEAS—is named after its donors, Anne and Robert Bass. The program aims to enhance students’ educational experience by connecting them with other students and faculty for academic and extracurricular programming across a variety of disciplines. After two years of planning, Bass Connections will begin Fall 2013 under the leadership of Susan Roth, vice provost for interdisciplinary studies. The gift contributes to Duke’s ongoing $3.25 billion capital campaign, Duke Forward. Anne Bass is a co-chair of the campaign and a member of the Board of Trustees. Half of the $50 million gift will be included in a “matching program” to promote others to give additional donations, according to a Duke news release. The idea for Bass Connections came about when a group of faculty were brainstorming academic initiatives that could SEE GIFT ON PAGE 5

PHOTO ILLUSTRATION BY BRIANNA SIRACUSE

With the expansion of gender-neutral housing to West Campus, some dorms will also have gender-neutral bathrooms, in addition to single-sex bathrooms on the floor.

Students’ reactions to the expansion of gender-neutral bathrooms on campus have been, on the whole, neutral. In the Fall, the University designated five gender-neutral, unaffiliated houses on West and Central Campuses for the upcoming academic year—Kilgo MN, Kilgo OP, Upper Few HH, 1914 Lewis and the south face of 2015 Yearby. The three houses on West will incorporate a gender-neutral bathroom in addition to at least two single-gender bathrooms available, said sophomore Jacob Zionce, DSG vice president of residential life. Currently, genderneutral housing consists of one house on Central Campus. “The idea of gender neutrality was that there would need to be three bathrooms on each floor in order for each house to qualify— a male bathroom, a female bathroom and a gender-neutral bathroom,” Zionce said. “The main focus was to make sure everyone is comfortable in their living situation.” Interviews with several students in houses designated for gender neutrality reflected a lack of concern for the addition of genderneutral bathrooms in their sections, given that single-sex bathrooms would still be available. “I don’t mind having a bathroom that is coed, as long as I will still have access to a girlsonly one,” said sophomore Elizabeth Sharkey, a resident of Upper Few HH. A half dozen other students in Sharkey’s section also noted that the installation of a coed bathroom would be acceptable, but only in conjunction with a single-sex bathroom. SEE BATHROOM ON PAGE 4

Trinity faculty begin work Researcher disputes Duke marijuana study on DKU course offerings by Maggie Spini by Tony Shan

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Although Duke is still awaiting final approval by the Chinese Ministry of Education for Duke Kunshan University, members of the Arts and Sciences Council have begun designing the academic offerings for the target Spring 2014 opening date. The Arts and Sciences Council was charged in Dec. 2012 with administering the process to approve courses for DKU’s inaugural semester, said council chair Thomas Robisheaux, Fred W. Schaffer professor of history. The committee created for the task, which is a joint effort by the Faculty Committee on Courses and the Global Education Committee, aims to make course recommendations by midor late February. “The ambition now is to create a liberal arts curriculum in China,” Robisheaux

A Duke study published last year correlating marijuana use to a decrease in IQ is being challenged by a more recent study on the matter. The four-decade Duke study followed 1,000 people from the time they were born and found that those who used marijuana regularly suffered on average an eight point decline in IQ by the time they reached 38. The new study, led by Ole Rogeberg—a researcher at the Ragnar Frisch Centre for Economic Research in Oslo, Norway—used a mathematical model to produce results that reflect a similar IQ drop. Rogeberg said the results suggest that SEE MARIJUANA ON PAGE 6

DAVID KORNBERG/THE CHRONICLE

A new study challenges Duke findings that found a correlation between marijuana use and a decrease in IQ.

ONTHERECORD

New website lets students order food online, Page 2

“The less we interact with those of other backgrounds, we understand their grievances and triumphs...” —Sony Rao in ‘Item five: Snap out of the daze.’ See column on page 11

said. “It’s full of lots of risks and challenges but possibly big opportunities as well.” The Arts and Sciences Council is responsible for approving courses but has encouraged faculty input, he noted. Faculty members may submit proposals for courses, and some may teach at the DKU campus. In planning courses, the committee is on familiar ground in some respects but also will meet unique challenges as a consequence of the campus’ location in China, Robisheaux said. The committee will emphasize quality, aiming to make every course offered at DKU similar in difficulty and subject matter to those offered on the Durham campus. The Faculty Committee on Courses is following its usual procedures to approve courses while applying SEE DKU ON PAGE 3

No.1 Duke takes on No. 25 Miami, Page 7


2 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

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Radoozle offers online Police charge protester in tree at Inauguration ordering with points by Peter Herman THE WASHINGTON POST

WASHINGTON — Rives Miller Grogan has something to say. The way he says it keeps getting him in trouble at the U.S. Capitol. Now, after the 47-year-old Californian allegedly climbed 40 feet up a tree near the Capitol reflecting pool and tried to shout down President Barack Obama’s inaugural address on Monday, a judge has ordered him to stay away not only from Capitol building but from the District of Columbia entirely. Grogan, an antiabortion activist, eluded capture for five hours Monday. A U.S. Capitol Police spokesman said he annoyed on-

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Student-created website Radoozle lets students order online for pick up and delivery from a variety of locations on and off campus. by Alyssa Coughenour THE CHRONICLE

Ordering on food points does not necessarily require a phone. During Orientation Week 2011, sophomore Sam Waters developed the idea for the business now called Radoozle, a website that allows for online food ordering using food points. Students can make online orders at the Loop, Food Factory, Dragon Gate, TGI Friday’s, Chopped Greens and Bread-n-Kabob. “I thought it was ridiculous that you couldn’t order online,” Waters said, noting a time when he tried to order food

over the phone and was placed on hold for a while. Radoozle came out of Waters’ frustration and since then, the business has developed. Waters said he was pleased when he heard some students refer to the online ordering process by saying “Let’s Radoozle it.” He and sophomore business partner Spencer Dahl have been working to promote the website by putting up flyers around campus, using media outlets like Facebook and taking advantage of word of mouth among students. Although the SEE RADOOZLE ON PAGE 5

JULIAN SPECTOR/THE CHRONICLE

Anti-abortion rights activist Rives Grogan climbs a tree and shouts at President Barack Obama’s inauguration. He was later arrested.

lookers below by shouting. He had just been arrested and charged with disorderly conduct last week, after police said he shouted from the gallery of the U.S. Senate. He’s been convicted five times in the District since 2009, mostly of disorderly conduct and disobeying police. He’s typically been fined and given probation and sentences that result in a short amount of jail time. Police said Grogan once dropped to the floor in the Capitol Rotunda while clutching a doll and screamed in front of 60 visitors. Another time, police said, he paced the Capitol steps holding a Bible and shouting, “Stop killing the babies.” In June, police said, he stood up in the Senate gallery and yelled, “Obama doesn’t see the light,” prompting the president of the Senate to bang his gavel several times to restore order. Police said they tried to talk Grogan out of the tree before Monday’s ceremony began, and then turned to the fire department for a ladder. The fire department’s truck couldn’t fit through the security barricades, and when police brought their own ladder, Grogan climbed higher. Officer Shennell Antrobus, a Capitol Police spokesman, said officials decided to leave Grogan in the tree until after the swearingin to avoid disruptions. Police said he came down on his own after five hours. Antrobus said Grogan had a green ticket to the inauguration, which required him to be screened before entering the area near SEE TREE ON PAGE 4

Two Chances to Win a Free Mini iPad! 1. Text 919-914-6279 with any suggestions for campus improvement! The best suggestion will win!

BLOOD DRIVES FRIDAY, JANUARY 25 WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 30 11:30 AM – 4:30 PM New Location: At McClendon Tower 5th floor MONDAY, JANUARY 28 TUESDAY, JANUARY 29 11:30 AM – 4:00 PM New Location: Held on the American Red Cross Bus Parked at the Bryan Center

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All presenting donors will receive a T-Shirt. Eligibility questions? Call 1-866-236-3276

2. Join the Fix My Campus Facebook Group Here! One random member will win!


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DKU from page 1 them to the special circumstance of DKU. Although the committee hopes to make available courses “span our divisions of knowledge” to include material in the natural sciences, social sciences and humanities, the DKU curriculum will also reflect the culture of China to include Chinese literature and language courses, Robisheaux said. “It’s important that we make the Chinese curriculum available to our students and international students,” said Kun Shan Lee, director of the Chinese Language Program, who submitted a course to the Arts and Sciences Council on behalf of the Chinese department. “Language is integral to the culture.” Nora Bynum, vice provost for DKU and China initiatives, noted that other courses could have special Chinese components, citing an example of a science course with special focus on environmental problems plaguing China. Four global health courses have already been approved for DKU’s first semester, and the committee plans to add eight to 12 more to the course catalogue from which students may choose, Bynum said. All courses except for Chinese language and literature classes will be conducted in English. Semesters at DKU will be broken into two sevenweek blocks in an effort to make it more feasible for Duke faculty to teach at DKU on a short-term basis while the Chinese campus is in its early stages, Robisheaux said. Students would take two courses during each block. Bynum noted that ideally, DKU will eventually have a student body that is half Chinese and half international students, including students from Duke. The program will be targeted to upperclassmen Duke students, she said, and Chinese and other international students would be similar ages and at similar points in their academic careers. Although procedures are standardized for the approval process, the committee faces a gray area in gauging the nature of the student body that will compose DKU, Robisheaux said, adding that it is difficult to put classes together without a clear understanding of the profile of the student to whom the course will be taught. “Our courses [will] take place within a particular institutional and cultural framework that involves freedom of expression, particular ideas about plagiarism and authenticity in student work,” Robisheaux said. “Chinese students come from a different cultural framework…. That’s what makes [this] interesting and exciting and challenging.” Other challenges professors may face could include teaching English academic writing to students who speak English as a second language or leading a classroom comprised of students not accustomed to discussing readings, Robisheaux said. Even though some faculty have been skeptical or critical of the DKU initiative in the past, Robisheaux said that many faculty members have expressed interest in playing a part in the design of DKU’s curriculum. “We’ve made a commitment here at Duke, and we need to honor our commitment,” he said. “[DKU] is a very bold thing [and] we need to create a liberal arts education that instills critical thinking, independence and autonomy…. Our faculty can’t teach in any other environment.” Although she supports DKU, Lee noted that the first few semesters of DKU may also put strain on Duke domestically in some ways. “If I’m [at DKU], it means I won’t be able to be as involved or helpful to my program here on campus,” she said. “It’s a diversion of human resource.” Bynum said, however, that DKU will only rely on Durham-based faculty for its first few semesters. “Gradually DKU will build up its own faculty,” she said. “We’d like to build on the strengths of the Duke faculty and also provide opportunities for Duke faculty to teach in China.”

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013 | 3

El Diablo in the Casbah

ELIZA BRAY/THE CHRONICLE

The Center for Documentary Studies presents a performance of Professor Diablo’s True Revue at the Casbah Tuesday evening.

Thank you for sharing your Holidays! 2012 Project Share Thank You Each fall, in cooperation with the Volunteer Center of Durham and the Durham Department of Social Services, the Duke Community Service Center sponsors Project Share. Through this program, members of the Duke community provide gifts to Durham individuals and families in need during the holiday season. Through the generous donations and committed efforts of individuals, groups, university departments, Duke Athletics, and Duke Stores, the Duke community joined together and provided gifts for 372 people this year at a cost of $50 per person! Thank you for sharing your Holidays!!

Donors & Sponsors 2100 Duke Hospital, 4300 North Hospital, 6100 Orthopaedics, 8200 – MICU, Alumni Affairs, Maria Ayscue, Frances Banks, Jeri Beckens, Carl Boler, Traci Boone, Brain Tumor Center Research Team, Lisa Bumphus and Family, Betty Cowen, Duke Clinical Research Institute, DUHS Compliance Office, Sarah Deutsch, Whitney Diebolt, Duke Athletics, Duke Cardiac Rehabilitation, Duke Career Center, Duke Chapel Congregation, Duke Clinical Social Work, Duke Continuing Studies, Duke Credit Union, Duke Event Management, Duke Hospital Administration, Duke Hospital Finance, Duke Hospital Food Services Department, Duke Institute of Brain Science, Duke Medicine Performance Services, Duke Network Services, Duke News and Communication, Duke Partnership for Service - 1st Year Connect, Duke Student Athlete Advisory Council, Duke Library, Duke Lutherans, Duke Office of Institutional Equity, Duke Ostomy Team, Duke Talent Identification Program (TIP), Emily Durham, EMG Lab, Economics Department - Ph.D. Program, Environmental Services Medical Center, Robin Fail, Erica Field, Fuqua School of Business Partners Group, Lisa Giragosian, Neil Hoefs, Melody Hunter-Pillion, Hannah Jacobs, Pat James, Cheri Janning, Jenny Johnson, Annie Kao, Amanda Kelso, Elaine Madison, Girija Mahajan, Kathryn McFadden, Tanner Murray, Nasher Museum of Art, Neurobiology, Neurosurgery Step Down Unit, Lathan Nobles, Nutrition Services, Office of Student Affairs Resource Administration, Office of the University Counsel, Office of Undergraduate Scholars and Fellows (OUSF), Pastoral Services, Office of the President, University Secretary and Special Events, Program in Education, Shawn and Jacki Purtell, Domonique Redmond, Julian Sanchez, Itzy Santillan, School of Medicine, School of Medicine Office of Research Administration, Mary Ann Sellers, Beverly Slade, Carrie Slaughter, Speech Pathology, Sponsored Programs, Terry Strub, Unit 6300, Rebecca Vidra, Visa Services, Dave and Judy Vos, Jordan Wallace, Shelia Webb, Westminster Fellowship, Dorris Wrenn, Yossra Yamid, Lola Yelverton.


4 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

BATHROOM from page 1 Another important concept within the institution’s model of gender neutrality was a student’s right of return to their current house in the following academic year, said Joe Gonzalez, dean for residential life. If a student feels uncomfortable with gender-neutrality, they would be able to return to an adjacent house. “There are two basic ideas that are working opposite each other at this point,” Zionce noted. “There’s the one idea of gender neutrality, a concept that is truly transcending what has been in place here at Duke... and on the other hand, the idea of maintaining house autonomy and making sure each house is heard.” The way in which HDRL balances the two ideas is crucial, he said. As a result, members of DSG, Duke Students for Gender-Neutrality and HDRL will be holding meetings with each of the five designated houses as a means of facilitating a dialogue about the changes, Zionce said. The discussions at these meetings will likely not constitute grounds for a change to the gender-neutral model, Gonzalez said. Only when a particular house is steadfastly opposed to its assignment of gender-neutrality will different avenues be considered, likely including a house vote, Zionce added. Both Gonzalez and Zionce said they doubt that there will be overwhelming dissent from the expansion of gender neutral housing, given that the support for gender neutrality has been consistently strong. But sophomore Ruslan Ardashev, house council president of upper Few HH, said he hopes that the house will be able to vote. “I’d rather let the house choose whether or not it wants to become gender-neutral,” Ardashev said. “I was told that it could potentially come to a vote and I want everyone to feel comfortable.” He added that even though students not

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content with the new house policy would be granted right of return to an adjacent house, not everyone would be comfortable with such accommodations. Extending the policy of gender-neutrality to bathrooms is a by-product of increasing the gender-neutral housing options, Gonzalez noted. “Students prefer and deserve to have the [gender-neutral] option on both campuses,” Gonzalez said. “So, to me, that was the most important reason for expanding [genderneutrality].” Selective houses may also opt to become gender-neutral, if their house is able to accommodate both single-sex and co-ed bathrooms, Zionce said, adding that as of yet, no group has approached HDRL about this option. DSG President Alex Swain, a senior, noted that the addition of gender-neutral bathrooms is a significant step in making the University accessible to all students. “The availability of gender-neutral bathrooms will open up new avenues for gender-queer students to feel comfortable on campus,” Swain said. “For the rest of the community, it is important to respect their needs and wants.” With the expansion of the new gender-neutral houses, Duke will follow in the footsteps of many peer institutions, including Brown University, Tufts University, the University of Michigan and the University of Pennsylvania, which provide gender neutral housing in a variety of housing options. Although DSG looked at the policies in place at other institutions, DSG and DSGN created a model that was a “uniquely Duke venture,” Zionce said. “In the end, we had to find a model that reflected the strengths of our selective house system, [selective living groups], sororities and fraternities—one that we could implement so that [students] in various situations could be happy and comfortable,” he added.

One and done. One course. Four weeks. (May 15-June 8, or July 1-25) Done. (with lots of your summer left)

Designing Africa

SAMANTHA SCHAFRANK/THE CHRONICLE

Biology professor Susan Alberts talks about an animal behavior research project in Kenya at the Africa Initiative Evening Salon in the Gothic Reading Room Tuesday evening.

TREE from page 2 the president. Police charged Grogan with violating a previous order to stay away from the Capitol, and with violating laws that require authorities to “preserve the peace and secure the Capitol from defacement,” and with “preventing any portion of the Capitol Grounds and terraces to used as playgrounds... to protect the public property, turf and grass from destruction.” A D.C. Superior Court judge freed Gro-

gan at a hearing Tuesday and ordered him to return for another Feb. 25—for which he is allowed to return to the District. Grogan’s mother, 69-year-old Penny Grogan of Mansfield, Texas, called her son a “wonderful Christian man” who is married with three children and runs a ministry. “God leads him to D.C. to do what he needs to do,” she said. “You stand up for anything of value, you get arrested. “Washington is the place where people should be allowed to protest,” Penny Grogan said. “God will judge all of this one day, not the courts.”

ATTENTION SOPHOMORES: Are you thinking about getting a PhD? THE MELLON MAYS UNDERGRADUATE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM AT DUKE IS CURRENTLY RECRUITING SOPHOMORES FOR ITS TWO-YEAR FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM If you are seriously considering attending a Ph.D. program after graduation in one of the following disciplines, please consider applying for this fellowship program: Anthropology and Archeology Area/Cultural/Ethnic/Gender Studies Art History Classics Computer Science Geography and Population Studies Earth/Environmental/

Geological Science and Ecology English Film, Cinema and Media Studies (theoretical focus) Musicology and Ethnomusicology Foreign Languages and Literature History Linguistics Literature Mathematics

Oceanographic/Marine/ Atmospheric/Planetary Science Performance Studies (theoretical focus) Philosophy and Political Theory Physics and Astronomy Religion and Theology Sociology Theater (non-performance focus)

The goal of the Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellowship Program, funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, is to increase the number of underrepresented minority students (African American, Hispanic/Latino-a American and Native American) and others with a demonstrated commitment to eradicating racial disparities who will pursue PhDs in core fields in the arts and sciences.

general info & projected course offerings @

summersession.duke.edu summer@duke.edu

Mellon Mays fellows receive two years of support, an annual stipend of $7,500 ($3,900 for the summer and $1,800 each semester), a $750 summer housing allowance, and an annual research travel budget of $600. In addition, each senior fellow receives a $400 research budget to cover project-related expenses and a $600 allocation for a GRE prep course. Each mentor receives a yearly award of $800. For further information and application materials, check our website:

http://undergraduateresearch.duke.edu/programs/mmuf Questions? Contact: Dr. Kerry Haynie, 660-4366 (klhaynie@duke.edu); Ms. Deborah Wahl, 684-6066 (deborah.wahl@duke.edu)

Application deadline: March 8


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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013 | 5

RADOOZLE from page 2 number of site users is relatively small compared to the student body, participating businesses like The Loop have seen an increase in orders coming through Radoozle. “Radoozle makes ordering easier for students,” Loop employee Tina Perry said. “They can order food beforehand and pick it up between classes.” This has proven to be convenient for students who have little time between classes or cannot place an order over the phone. “I have all of my orders saved on the site, so it only takes two or three clicks to order,” sophomore Connor Kozin said. “It’s much faster than calling the restaurant, and it’s nice when I’m in the library and can’t talk on the phone.” With Radoozle, orders do not get lost in translation as they do on the phone, Waters said. He and Daniel Brain, a professional programmer from the United Kingdom, worked to streamline the ordering process during the summer and continued to refine the site. Since the start of the school year, Waters and Dahl have been contacting both on-campus restaurants and businesses affiliated with Merchants-on-Points to include more options on the site. But contacting managers and getting them to put trust in the company has not been an easy process, Dahl noted. “We have to go [to the restaurants] five or six times just to get [our] foot in the door,” Dahl said. “It’s essentially a fulltime job.” Waters and Dahl had help from Campus Enterprises in acquiring some of the businesses. Campus Enterprises had good relationships with Dragon Gate,

TGI Fridays and Food Factory and had set up online ordering through formstack.com, which was similar to the format of a Google Doc. Waters noted, however, that the previous system lacked a proper interface. “They had the basis and the relationships, but we really worked on the technology,” Waters said. After speaking with sophomore Griffin Cooper from Campus Enterprises about Radoozle, Campus Enterprises merged their online ordering business with Waters’, agreeing to settle for a portion of the profit made from the online ordering of these restaurants. Radoozle now has six restaurants from which students can order, but more are expected with the launch of a Radoozle mobile app in the next few months. The Loop manager Owen Slomianyj thinks this will increase the revenue for both the Loop and Radoozle while making ordering easier for students on the go. The Loop’s cooperation with Radoozle also encourages Duke entrepreneurship, Slomianyj added. “We didn’t have any online ordering system, and I like the idea of supporting a Duke student,” he said. Convincing businesses to join Radoozle was exciting for Waters, who said he had been working on the legalities and logistics of setting up the site since last Spring. The business was busiest during finals week last semester, he said. More students order food for delivery when spending hours in the library studying for exams, and this influx of new customers is now creating a steady flow of orders on Radoozle. “We have good turnover once people get on the site,” Waters said. “The hard part is getting them to get on the site to begin with.”

GIFT from page 1 include each of Duke’s ten schools, said Andrew Janiak, Creed C. Black associate professor of philosophy, who has been involved with the project since the beginning. He added that his colleagues were looking to create a program that would provide students with skills they could not get just from sitting in a classroom. “It was a very deep intellectual conversation—well, what’s the point of liberal arts, why do we have majors, what should students know in the 21st century?” Janiak said. “We allowed ourselves to ponder these very big questions.” The process moved from a theoretical discussion to a feasible reality when the University learned it had received a donation large enough to fund the project, he noted. Bass Connections participants will join project teams, pair with mentors, research and gain experience in their areas of study both in and outside the

Anne and Robert Bass

classroom through internships and offcampus projects. A potential team could bring together economists and energy experts to create a hub for learning about energy policy, with a coinciding academic plan and extracurricular opportunities, according to the release. Some students noted that the program will allow students of varying interests to collaborate and communicate their thoughts in innovative ways because it does not focus on one specific area of study. “It will enable people to learn how to express their ideas and their research and share their knowledge better,” freshman Emma Welch said. “It’s good in the long run because if someone has to lead a business, they’ll need to know how to talk to different kinds of people.” Provost Peter Lange noted the program’s emphasis on not only educating students for the present but also educating them for their future. “The new program embodies core educational and strategic principles which have become a central part of Duke’s identity and our commitment to providing an education that prepares students at all levels for success in the 21st century,” Lange wrote in an email Monday. Janiak said he hopes the uniqueness of the program will separate Duke from its peer institutions and attract prospective applicants. “I’ve talked to colleagues at several of our peer institutions. I’ve described the program in just a tiny bit of detail and they all say the same thing—that could never happen here,” Janiak said. “We think you basically can’t get this anywhere else.”

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2013 DEAN’S AWARDS FOR EXCELLENCE IN MENTORING AND TEACHING The Duke University Graduate School is pleased to announce the 2013 recipients of the Dean’s Award for Excellence in Mentoring and the 2013 recipients of the Dean’s Award for Excellence in Teaching.

2013 MENTORING AWARD RECIPIENTS (FACULTY) Cameron R. “Dale” Bass, Associate Research Professor of Biomedical Engineering Laura Edwards, Professor of History and Women’s Studies Frank Sloan, J. Alexander McMahon Professor of Health Policy and Management and Professor of Economics Robyn Wiegman, Professor of Literature and Women’s Studies

2013 MENTORING AWARD RECIPIENTS (STUDENTS) Marisabel Guevara, PhD student, Computer Science (faculty advisor, Benjamin C. Lee) Zakiya Whatley, PhD student, Genetics & Genomics (faculty advisor, Kenneth Kreuzer)

2013 TEACHING AWARD RECIPIENTS (STUDENTS) Kristine Callan, PhD Candidate, Physics (faculty advisor, Dan Gauthier) Anna Gibson, PhD Candidate, English (faculty advisors, Nancy Armstrong and Kathy Psomiades)


6 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

THE CHRONICLE

MARIJUANA from page 1 socioeconomic status, rather than neuropsychological impairment, could be a significant confounding factor that was underestimated in the original study. Low socioeconomic status makes people less likely to have a nurturing home environment, which could correlate to effects including antisocial behavior. “If you are inclined to exhibit antisocial behavior, have low self-control, low ambitions, etc., then these risk factors will both tend to raise your risk of adolescent cannabis use and dependence,” Rogeberg wrote in an email Monday. “[These risk factors] will make you more likely to get poorer grades, less schooling, less intellectual friends, less challenging jobs [and] more jailtime [and] these latter consequences will make your IQ decline relative to that of others.” The two groups of researchers have only exchanged cursory statements, and both sides continue to defend their respective results. The Duke researchers have

analyzed these confounding factors and maintain that their results are still consistent with the original findings, even after controlling for socioeconomic status. Rogeberg’s mathematical model uses past empirical research to look at how IQ in childhood and adulthood is linked and the potential role socioeconomic status could play in this correlation. Examining the IQ drop that the Duke study linked to regular adolescent pot use, the study found that a similar drop in IQ could be accredited to socioeconomic status, thereby calling into question whether the results found in the Duke study could be attributed to marijuana use alone. After hearing about Rogeberg’s study, the Duke researchers have re-examined their data. They said that so far, they have not found any evidence suggesting that socioeconomic status undermines their original claim. “One of the assumptions that Rogeberg’s hypothesis hinges upon is that a person with high socioeconomic status will have a smaller drop in IQ than one with low socioeconomic status,” said Madeline Meier, a

Due to the renovations of the Textbook Store, textbooks will be moved from the Textbook Store to our Distribution Center.

ANNOUNCEMENT:

Textbook Requests & Information regarding the Return of Books to Publishers

TEXTBOOK REQUEST DELIVERY SCHEDULE Monday - Friday Textbook Requests Books requested by 9am: available by 11am. Books requested by 1pm: available by 3pm.

Weekend Textbook Requests: Books requested after 1pm on Friday or Saturday: available by 11am the following Monday

Mid-Level, Bryan Center • 919.684.6793 Email: textbook@duke.edu Store Hours: Monday - Wednesday: 8:30am - 7pm Thursday & Friday: 8:30am - 8pm Saturday: 9am - 6pm www.dukestores.duke.edu/textbook.php Department of Duke University Stores®

Textbooks can be requested at the Textbook Store Service Desk, which will remain in the lower level of our Bryan Center Store. The books will be delivered, and made available for purchase according to the delivery schedule. We encourage all students to purchase the books they anticipate needing for the remainder of the Spring Semester in the Textbook Store by Tuesday, January 29. Beginning Wednesday, January 30, books can be requested and delivered according to our delivery schedule. Spring 2013 textbooks will be returned to publishers beginning March 11. Please plan to purchase any of the remaining textbooks you will need for the Spring 2013 semester by Friday, March 8.

post-doctoral researcher and lead author of the Duke study. She added that the study’s participants were stratified by their socioeconomic status and that she did not see any differential IQ change between the groups. “We did not see that the low socioeconomic group showed any differential IQ change compared to, for example, the middle or high socioeconomic groups,” Meier said. “In fact, the low, middle and high socioeconomic groups show parallel trajectories of IQ change across time.” Meier also noted that whereas her study looked at over 1,000 participants over a decade-long period, Rogeberg’s study relies on mathematical simulations. Rogeberg said the simulations, however, allow him to look at other factors that could cause a drop in IQ, giving him insight into the robustness of the Duke study’s claims. “This model allows me to use the Duke study’s methods on a data set where I know what is actually going on,” Rogeberg said. “When those methods give very similar results, it shows that this is an alternative explanation that could be important in the [Duke] data— either causing the methods to exaggerate the effect of cannabis on IQ development, or by causing them to find an effect that isn’t actually there.” Cynthia Kuhn, a professor of pharmacology and cancer biology at the School of Medicine, said that although we know marijuana use impairs cognitive function in people, there are no definitive answers on whether marijuana exposure causes permanent effects on IQ. “This debate highlights the limits of studies on humans—even high-quality, well-described studies like Meier et. al—they are always complicated by all the other factors that affect human beings,” Kuhn wrote in an email Tuesday. “No one study can prove causality, as the authors themselves have acknowledged.” Meier noted that she has concerns about how Rogeberg’s study will be received by the public, and adolescents in particular. “Our original message was that adolescent onset users experienced some IQ decline as a result of cannabis use, and that was an important message…. Right now, the last word is that no, it’s socioeconomic status that’s responsible, and I think that is a real shame.”

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Sports

>> THE BLUE ZONE

The Chronicle

WEDNESDAY January 23, 2013

Can’t watch the men’s basketball game tonight? Stay caught up on all the action with live updates on The Chronicle’s sports blog.

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MEN’S BASKETBALL

MEN’S SOCCER

Blue Devils to storm Miami

Belshaw picked in MLS draft

by Jackie Klauberg

DUKE vs. MIAMI

THE CHRONICLE

Wednesday, January 23 • Bank United Center 7:00 p.m. No. 1 Blue Devils (16-1, 3-1)

BACKCOURT

FRONTCOURT

F F G G G

BENCH

No. 1 Duke (16-1, 3-1 in the ACC) hopes to forget the ghost of Hurricanes past when it takes on No. 25 Miami (13-3, 4-0) Wednesday night in Coral Gables, Fla. When the teams met at Cameron Indoor Stadium last year, the Hurricanes won in an overtime thriller, even after Duke rallied to earn the bonus basketball. The Blue Devils, then ranked No. 7 in the nation, got swept off their feet by 6-foot-10, 284-pound big man Reggie Johnson, who scored a career-high 27 points for Miami. The Hurricanes, however, will be without Johnson’s powerful force this Wednesday due to a thumb injury. Despite the fifth-year senior’s absence, Blue Devil head coach Mike Krzyzewski knows that his team must not overlook Miami— they also feature a lot of other talent, especially in sixth-year senior Julian Gamble, who has stepped up in the paint in Johnson’s stead. “They’ve played great basketball with [Julian] Gamble…. He’s really been a key for them,” Krzyzewski said in his Monday ACC teleconference. “The thing they do so well with their big guys is they protect their basket so well, and that’s why they’ve been a really good defensive team…. They’re accustomed to playing together, and they’ve adjusted really well with a key guy out…. I’m sure they’d like to have [Johnson] back, but they’re playing pretty well without him.” Even though the Hurricanes are without one of their best players, Duke will also be without one of its go-to-guys on Wednesday: Senior forward Ryan Kelly. Kelly, who has not suited up for the Blue Devils since the Jan. 8 Clemson game due to a foot injury, played an integral role for the Blue Devils. “Ryan is a big loss for us—not just offensively but in so many aspects of the

MASON PLUMLEE 17.4 PPG, 11.5 RPG JOSH HAIRSTON 1.9 PPG, 2.2 RPG RASHEED SULAIMON 11.8 PPG, 0.9 SPG SETH CURRY 16.9 PPG, 45.7% 3-pointers QUINN COOK 11.5 PPG, 6.1 APG

No. 25 Hurricanes (13-3, 4-0) C F F G G

JULIAN GAMBLE 6.6 PPG, 4.6 RPG KENNY KADJI 12.6 PPG, 7.3 RPG, 1.3 3PG TREY McKINNEY JONES 9.8 PPG DURAND SCOTT 13.8 PPG, 4.5 RPG SHANE LARKIN 12.2 PPG, 3.9 APG

THE CHRONICLE

In the senior captain’s absence, however, the Blue Devils have seen increased intensity from junior Josh Hairston and freshman Amile Jefferson. The two big men will need to bring that energy to Wednesday night’s matchup at the Bank United Center.

Former Duke goalkeeper James Belshaw was selected with the 49th pick in the Major League Soccer Supplemental Draft. The All-American was taken in the third round by the Chicago Fire. “It’s unbelievable,” Belshaw said. “It’s something that you work for from when you’re a kid. I was shocked, and it took a good while to sink in and process what had happened, but I’m ecstatic and ready to start the next chapter of my life.” Belshaw was initially projected to be taken in the opening two rounds of the MLS SuperDraft that took place Jan. 17 in Indianapolis, but the Nottingham native’s international status may have been a disadvantage. MLS rules cap the number of international players on each roster, and Belshaw said he thinks that teams were hesitant to take him since he is not a U.S. citizen. After his name wasn’t called during the MLS SuperDraft, Belshaw had to wait and see if he would be selected in one of the four rounds of the MLS Supplemental Draft. “It was tense,” Belshaw said. “I’m so thrilled that [Chicago] liked what they saw in me and that they will give me a chance, and at the end of the day whether you’re drafted with the first pick or the last pick, everyone’s in the same boat.” Prior to the MLS SuperDraft, Belshaw was invited to participate in the 2013 MLS Player Combine in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

SEE M. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 12

SEE BELSHAW ON PAGE 8

(Projected lineups, statistics from 2012-13 season) Duke’s frontcourt still sorely DUKE MIA misses Ryan Kelly, but the Mi67.3 PPG: 78.7 ami frontcourt is also a man 58.4 PPG DEF: 61.5 FG%: down, missing bulky big man 47.3 44.3 3PT%: Reggie Johnson, who led the 42.2 34.2 FT%: Hurricanes to an OT victory at 71.4 66.6 RPG: 35.9 36.4 Cameron last season. APG: 15.5 11.1 Shane Larkin is coming into 4.8 BPG: 4.6 his own as Miami’s point SPG: 7.3 7.2 guard, but Rasheed Su11.3 10.8 TO/G: laimon regained his flow The breakdown against Georgia Tech and After dropping its first road game of the season should help Duke win the to N.C. State, Duke will be tested yet again at backcourt battle. Miami. This will be a less hostile environment, The Hurricanes have a short however, and the Blue Devils will have more bench and Coach K uses a experience playing without Ryan Kelly. The short rotation as well, but Hurricanes are also missing one of their top look for Amile Jefferson to frontcourt players, which could make it too difprovide a big spark for the ficult for them to pull off the upset. Blue Devils while Rion Brown OUR CALL: Duke wins, 72-68 can do the same for Miami.

game,” Duke assistant coach Jeff Capel said. “We always knew how important he is to us but you realize it even more when he’s not out there…. He’s older, knows the game plan on defense and simple things like helping us get the ball inbounds. When teams pressure, he is the guy who takes [the ball] out for us.”

by Alex Krinsky

MEN’S BASKETBALL

Jabari Parker’s Mormon connection to Duke by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Jabari Parker, the No. 2 recruit in the class of 2013, plans to be involved with Duke’s Mormon community.

More than a year ago, Ken Rogerson received an unusual phone call in his office at Duke’s Sanford School of Public Policy. He wasn’t answering as the director of undergraduate studies at Sanford, but rather as the faculty advisor for the Latter-day Saint Student Association. On the other end was Lola Parker, the mother of highly-touted basketball recruit Jabari Parker, who needed to know: What is it like to be a Mormon at Duke? The call was not a surprise. One of the Blue Devil assistant coaches had been in touch with Rogerson to inform him that a prospect, who he did not name, might reach out to Rogerson. Although Rogerson never heard back from the Parker family, Parker committed to Duke in December. At 6-foot-8, the Chicago native is praised mostly for his fluid jump shot and complete offensive repertoire. But the small

forward is also a deeply committed member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, so his mother—like any concerned mother of a prospective student might do— reached out to Rogerson. “Mormons are not very visible on Duke’s campus. We are a very small contingent. We have 10 to 15 undergraduate students at any one time,” Rogerson said. “She wanted to know what we offer here.” Lola Parker asked Rogerson if an Institute program—a scripture group for young and college-aged adults—or a community for Young Single Adults existed in the area. Rogerson informed her that there are. Sonny Parker, Jabari’s father who is not Mormon, played six seasons in the NBA and handled his son’s recruitment. He said they had the chance to see the Institute and seminary when they visited Oct. 26-28. They also met with one of the SEE PARKER ON PAGE 12


8 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

THE CHRONICLE

BELSHAW from page 7 Throughout the course of five days, Belshaw played in three games with his assigned adiZero team and met with coaches and officials from interested MLS clubs on off days. Belshaw’s squad went 2-0-1 to win the MLS Combine title. “I wanted to go and prove to coaches that I could play at the next level, and I think I did that,” Belshaw said. “I got positive feedback from all the MLS coaches and media that were down there, so I felt that I gave a good account of myself. I’m just glad Chicago liked what they saw in me and invited me to camp.” Wednesday Belshaw will fly to Florida to meet the team and begin preseason

training. There are three preseason camps taking place in Florida, California and South Carolina before the season begins Mar. 3 against the Los Angeles Galaxy. During these camps and exhibition games, Belshaw will fight to earn a contract and an official spot on the roster. Belshaw left a lasting legacy at Duke. A captain for the Blue Devils for the past two seasons, Belshaw earned All-ACC honors in both seasons and was a 2012 NSCAA All-America selection. In his senior season, Belshaw recorded a careerhigh eight shutouts in 2012 for the Blue Devils, keeping opponents to a careerlow 0.69 goals per game.

KEVIN SHAMIEH/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Former goalie James Belshaw was chosen by the Chicago Fire in the MLS Supplemental Draft.

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DUKE IN FRANCE/EDUCO INFO SESSION: Learn more about this semester and academic-year program on Thursday, September 16, at 5:30 pm in 305 Languages. Refreshments will be served. See global.duke. edu/geo or call 684-2174 for more information.

AN EXCITING PART-TIME OPPORTUNITY is available for an Administrative Assistant II to join an HHMI laboratory at Duke. This 30-hour a week position with benefits will provide high level administrative support to an HHMI Early Career Scientist and his lab. Preferred Qualifications include Bachelor’s degree and at least 4 years of previous office experience, preferably in a medical, scientific, academic or non-profit environment; budget and grant management experience; excellent organizational and problem solving skills; strong computer skills (MS Office, Outlook, HTML, SAP); and able to work independently. To apply, send cover letter, resume and salary history, including the job title in the subject line to posslab@cellbio.duke.edu. No phone calls, please.GYMNASTICS INSTRUCTORS WANTED! Bull City Gymnastics has full-time and part-time positions available for energetic, enthusiastic instructors. BCG offers competitive salary rates and flexible schedules. Experience is preferred, but not required. Email amaness@bullcitygymnastics.com or call 919-383-3600 to start your gymnastics career with us!

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THE CHRONICLE

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013 | 9

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

The Chronicle

10 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

Our house Cameron Crazies have big-time athletics. At a time been lauded as one of the when the role of college most creative and energetic sports is constantly being student sections in the his- weighed against the detory of college basketball. mands of providing a topIn early 2012, when na- notch education, commentional media tators used outlets picked the story of editorial up declining the Cameron student attendance, Duke Crazies getting less crazy student interest in bas- to prove schools could not ketball became a national have both. Unfortunately, headline. However, if the the editorial board also surge of tents in Krzyzews- bought into the narrative. kiville this season serves as In an editorial written last any indication, these trends year, we wrote that “as the in basketball attendance University has become inmay not be as significant as creasingly selective in adonce thought. missions, it follows that The story of students’ fewer students feel they can waning interest in filling spare precious time and enSection 17 garnered so ergy on attending games.” much attention because it The debate about the created a compelling nar- future of the Cameron Crarative: elite academics vs. zies also seemed to support

With the Great Hall and the Dillo gone, it’s going to be interesting to see how (or if) other eateries are going to fill the gluten free/filling vegetarian food niche. —“Laura” commenting on the story “Loop will take Dillo’s space during Duke West Union renovations.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Direct submissions to:

E-mail: chronicleletters@duke.edu Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

The Chronicle

Inc. 1993

YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Editor LAUREN CARROLL, Managing Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, News Editor ANDREW BEATON, Sports Editor CHRIS DALL, Photography Editor MAGGIE LAFALCE, Editorial Page Editor KATHERINE ZHANG, Editorial Board Chair JIM POSEN, Director of Online Operations CHRISSY BECK, General Manager KRISTIE KIM, University Editor TIFFANY LIEU, Local & National Editor ANDREW LUO, Health & Science Editor CAROLINE RODRIGUEZ, News Photography Editor PHOEBE LONG, Design Editor MICHAELA DWYER, Recess Editor SOPHIA DURAND, Recess Photography Editor SCOTT BRIGGS, Editorial Page Managing Editor MATTHEW CHASE, Towerview Editor ADDISON CORRIHER, Towerview Photography Editor ANNA KOELSCH, Social Media Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Senior Editor REBECCA DICKENSON, Advertising Director MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager DAVID RICE, Director of External Relations

larger shifts in campus culture. Along with the end of tailgate, and the struggles of football gameday, the belief that the Crazies were a dying breed supported the idea that the interests of the student body were changing. Fast forward to this season, and it seems like the Crazies are crazier than ever. Policy changes might have influenced the resurgence of Duke’s tent city, but the team’s likeability, shorter tenting period and warmer weather were probably bigger contributors. Combine this with Duke’s No. 1 position atop the AP Poll and the fact that the Duke vs. Ohio State game—arguably one of the biggest games in college

basketball this season—was played in front of a sell-out crowd in Cameron and it seems like basketball at Duke is alive and well. Since the Crazies are still crazy, any arguments about “the death of Duke’s social culture” should not consider declining basketball enthusiasm as evidence. Indeed, depending on how you define social culture, doomsayers could point to other changes: the oft-mentioned statistic that more students cite DukeEngage than basketball as reason to attend Duke or the end of Tailgate. These changes, which are likely positive, could point to a socially transforming Duke. But leave the Crazies out of it: politicizing K-ville ig-

nores the facts (a record number of tents) and does a disservice to college basketball generally. Students have the right to attend basketball games if they want. But if they want to do homework or go to an orchestra concert or listen to a talk or hang out with their friends, they have that right, too. Even if the number of tents in Kville ever drops—which is obviously not yet the case— students should not be criticized by the media, alumni or the athletics department for their choice to attend or not attend a game. If Section 17 is truly ours, let us decide what to do with it. Sam Davis recused himself because he is a line monitor.

Pillbillies

onlinecomment

Est. 1905

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commentaries

MARGOT TUCHLER, University Editor JACK MERCOLA, Local & National Editor DANIELLE MUOIO, Health & Science Editor ELYSIA SU, Sports Photography Editor ELIZA STRONG, Design Editor HOLLY HILLIARD, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Online Photo Editor ASHLEY MOONEY, Sports Managing Editor SONIA HAVELE, Towerview Editor MELISSA YEO, Towerview Creative Director NICOLE KYLE, Special Projects Editor MAGGIE SPINI, Senior Editor MICHAEL SHAMMAS, Recruitment Chair BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director MEGAN MCGINITY, Digital Sales Manager

The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at http://www.dukechronicle.com. © 2012 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

P

eople kind of expect those darn kids, the ones hol abuse, drug abuse and depression, it becomes who trample lawns and tag underpasses and a “chicken or the egg” debate. Despite increased egg cats, to graduate on to more serious trans- risk of addiction and abuse in poorer areas, pagressions. Illicit substance abuse has tients on Medicaid are still twice become commonplace in the Unitas often prescribed OxyContin. ed States, with drug rehab programs These patients are six times as likely and legalization debates popping up to overdose on prescription painleft and right. But beyond the Lindkillers, and the cycle of abuse can say Lohans and their drug-induced be traced back to the initial, legal tabloid appearances, beyond Bob distribution of drugs. Around 17 Marley paraphernalia, there’s an inpercent of prescription pill abusers creasingly scary and common route those drugs from their own lydia thurman receive for young adults experimenting with doctor, legally. doubly a lie drugs: prescription drug abuse. Given great access to prescripPrescription drugs are the most tion drugs in Appalachia, it’s not frequently abused new substance by youth. Since hard to follow the path of abuse. The addictive2000, its abuse has increased by 30 percent as mar- ness of OxyContin is undeniable. The drug itself ijuana use remains unchanged. This (relatively) is very similar in structure to heroin, only a few new path to a high has hit Appalachia particularly carbon molecules from matching it identically. hard, although it is not restricted to this region. Yet the prescription painkiller was originally marTiny coal towns play host to under-the-radar phar- keted as less likely to result in addiction because macies, dispensing drugs like Xanax, Vicodin and of a unique time-release; the active ingredient in OxyContin at an alarming rate with minimal regu- OxyContin is released gradually over 12 hours, lation. A new vocabulary has been created to ac- preventing a euphoric high and subsequent pecommodate this new pill culture, and the idea of riod of withdrawal. a pillbilly pillin’ in the parking lot of a pill mill is With this theoretical improvement in mind, nearing commonplace. OxyContin was marketed by Purdue Pharma as It’s difficult for law enforcement to keep up non-addictive. Sales representatives for the pharwith the associated kickbacks; some county sher- maceutical company were given the autonomy to iffs estimate that as much as two-thirds of an of- create fake scientific charts, touting non-addictiveficer’s caseload might be related to pill acquisi- ness before the FDA corroborated it. Needless to tion and pill induced crimes. Often prescription say, these sorts of marketing practices prompted a holders are targeted; veterans, home-care workers lawsuit, and the difference between the addictiveand older community members become the vic- ness of OxyContin and the non-addictiveness that tims of armed robbery. Drug addiction in a region the company claimed was deemed to be worth where families and individuals already don’t have nearly $635 million in 2007. as many resources stretches welfare programs thin When it comes to drug addiction and crime, and forces pill addicts to become creative in their it’s often easy to blame the user. I have yet to hear acquisition of those next two to 80 milligrams. a man claim he was held down and forced to conCopper theft has become one of those creative sume OxyContin. There’s a certain degree of perschemes; telephone and power lines running on sonal responsibility in each and every addiction. the top of secluded mountains are easy targets. Environmental stimuli, however, provoke this epiScrap copper was worth $4 per pound 2011, al- demic of addiction in rural areas like Appalachia, most four times as much as it was in 2009, and and the treatment of prescription drugs by the the inability of law enforcement officials to super- American health system all but encourages this vise acres and acres of empty land makes its theft abuse. Without the development of appropriate a relatively easy way to make a quick buck. Most infrastructure to deal with addiction, prescription copper thefts in Appalachia on mountaintops and drug abuse holds great potential for growth and in abandoned coalmines go on to fund drug ad- further inclusion in popular culture. Before you dictions, so the incidences occur at a constant and know it, “The Beverly Pillbillies” could be airing high volume. Botched attempts lead to electrocu- every Thursday night at 9 p.m., and the cycle of tions. Effective and ineffective attempts alike lead abuse could become a permanent part of the Apto power outages, phone outages and increased palachian landscape. costs for utility companies. The impetus behind prescription drug addicLydia Thurman is a Trinity sophomore. Her column tion in rural Appalachia isn’t completely clear. runs every other Wednesday. You can follow Lydia on When you consider poverty, mental illness, alco- Twitter @ThurmanLydia.


THE CHRONICLE

WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013 | 11

commentaries

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Society, state and market: part I

I

n many ways, the history of the 20th century can be in the same way that a choice between Busch and Natty understood as the history of an ideological struggle Light at Friday night’s frat party represents our true taste between different methods of social organization. In in alcoholic beverages. Furthermore, not all citizens fact, “two systems can be said to have dominated the 20th vote, so how can they possibly factor into the idea that century,” as economist Janos Kornai has “we” are the government? Is “we” then written, identifying these two as “the capinarrowed down to just the voting populatalist system” on the one hand and “the sotion? If we take into account that much of cialist system” on the other. that population voted against whichever Although this simplified spectrum is incandidate ends up holding office, then is complete, and there is a world of gray area “we” whittled down further to just the mabetween and around these two categories, jority party within the voting population? Kornai’s dichotomy serves as a useful clarifiAnd, within that population, what about cation of the two main sides of most contemthose who change their minds mid-term, chris bassil porary political debates. By dissolving the soor who realize that they were duped by human action cialist and capitalist systems into their most the candidate they voted for, or who voted basic core elements, we see that they favor for a candidate based on their economic either the “state” or the “market” as the most appropriate views but not their foreign policy? Can it really be said method of social organization. (To pick a general example that “they” make up the state, based on these flimsy and out of the blue, then, a social democrat and a free-market qualified votes cast in a matter of seconds years earlier? capitalist might favor universal health care and free marIf we return to our example of Friday night’s frat parket health care schemes, respectively, as the most efficient ty, we can nicely summarize the opportunity that state means for allocating scarce health-related resources). democracy offers citizens for meaningful participation. As Trevor Burrus, a legal associate at the libertarian- A politician, perhaps funded by Busch Light, runs on a leaning Cato Institute, has observed, we tend to fall on pro-Busch Light ticket. All those party-goers who favor one side or the other based on which of these two meth- Busch Light then mobilize their time, resources and supods of organizing society—state on the one hand, mar- porters in order to sway voters into choosing the proket on the other-—we feel is more representative of “us,” Busch Light candidate. They may be unsuccessful, in or “the people,” and which we feel is more representa- which case their resources have been wasted and their tive of “them,” or “an alien and possibly illegitimate or- participation has been meaningless. Or, if they are sucganization grafted onto civil society like a parasite.” This, cessful, the pro-Busch Light candidate can then do one in turn, depends on whether we feel that the state or the of two things, both of which are inherently divisive. He market offers us a greater chance for the “perception of can fail to implement the pro-Busch Light legislation he meaningful participation.” promised, in which case the meaningful participation So, then, is it the state or the market that offers each on the part of his supporters has again been a meaningof us a greater opportunity for meaningful participa- less waste of resources, or he can succeed in mandating tion? In America today, social democrats—by defini- a policy of Busch Light at all parties, in which case the tion—would argue that it is the state, and I suspect that Natty Light camp will be forcibly prevented from indulgthey would base their case largely on the right to vote. ing their preferences. Any dissatisfied constituents, of A popular understanding of this argument holds that course, will have to wait two, four or six years before their each of us, regardless of station in life, gets one vote and next chance for meaningful participation (which will intherefore receives equal representation in the govern- volve a total rehashing of the tedious process described ment. This argument is sometimes extended to suggest above), all while the pro-Busch Light candidate siphons that we, in fact, are the government. resources away from the productive class and funnels it Literally speaking, of course, this statement is false. The toward his salary and the promotion of special interests. government is made up of a handful of elected officials, Readers, of course, will likely understand that the issues who are voted into office every two, four or six years, and at stake in any state election are generally less trivial than a growing number of their appointees. “We” are not the the choice between two dissatisfying light beers. They have government, “they” are. (This much is laid painfully clear real consequences for life, liberty, property and happiness. by the exclusive special health, pension and security ben- Their tendency to devolve into tragedies of the commons, efits “they,” the political class, receive at the expense of in which citizens race to confiscate and reallocate each “us,” the productive class). But, the argument goes, such other’s wealth in their favor, represents a method of social an idea is not meant to be taken literally. It is, after all, we organization in which one citizen’s meaningful participawho vote these officials into and out of office. Since we tion can come only at the expense of his neighbor. control who is voted in and out, and since those who are Thus, the state can only be “us” when the losers in any voted in and out are the government, then, by extension, election can become “them”—those who act, vote and we too must be the government. think differently than “we” do—a condition that history, This understanding of the nature of the state rests on for our own good, has a tendency to warn against. a woefully incomplete vision of the voting process. First of all, most elected officials are not actually individuals Chris Bassil, Trinity ‘12, is currently working in Boston, of our choosing, but rather represent our (often slim) Mass. His column runs every other Wednesday. This column is preferences between two candidates delivered to us by the first in a two-part series on society, the state and the marketpolitical parties. They thus represent our political views place. You can follow Chris on Twitter @HamsterdamEcon.

Want to hear more from your favorite columnists? Follow them on Twitter! Visit www.dukechronicle.com/opinion for columnists’ Twitter handles.

Item five: Snap out of the daze

I

n the final scene of Spike Lee’s 1988 film, “School Daze,” there is an iconic moment when an alarm clock goes off as the two protagonists turn to the camera and tell the audience, “Wake up!” I heard that alarm clock go off again a couple weeks ago, when I was sifting through Duke’s digital archive on Flickr searching for photos that captured the early days of racial integration at Duke. I paused dumbfounded as I came across a picture of Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. speaking at our own Page Auditorium. King spoke less than two years after Duke made official efforts to integrate its campus. The audience he spoke to then was entirely different in composition than the audience he would have spoken to today. The institution’s attitudes toward students of color have also changed significantly between then and now. But beyond the public relations hullabaloo that commends integration policies at Duke, I wonder whether socially, much has changed since the 1960s. I look around and I can see diversity on campus, even more sony rao so than the picturesque admisgetting buckets sions brochures initially led me since 1991 to believe. But I also see something else. I see divisions in diversity: divisions of race, ethnicity and very often, social class. I myself was guilty of this tendency to associate predominantly with people of my race because, maybe subconsciously, I believed that it was easier to fit into a group for which I didn’t have to prove my compatibility. At least initially, my skin color did it for me. Before I am flagged down as a ruthless integrationist, let me add that I believe it is reasonable to assume that students adjusting to college will first turn to people of their own cultural background to seek friends. This is natural, and it’s why groups like the Black Student Alliance or Asian Students Association should exist as vital campus organizations. Instead, I am talking about the phase after adjusting to Duke, where some of us fall into a “social daze.” Happy in our homogenous groups because we feel accepted, some of us do not make the effort to reach out to make friends of different ethnicities or venture out of our safe social nets. And this is dangerous to the project of racial equality that King preached nearly 50 years ago. It is dangerous because the less we interact with those of other backgrounds, the less we understand their grievances and triumphs. And without finding points of similarity or ways to empathize with others, we are less likely to recognize and take action against racism. So the next item on my unofficial bucket list before graduation is: Snap out of the diversity daze! I thought I knew enough about other cultures on campus freshman year but it was not until I participated in programs like DukeEngage in Guatemala, took a few classes on Latin American politics and culture and made friends from different ethnic backgrounds that I got even a taste of what diversity at Duke looks like. Officially, our policies and practices may encompass full integration, but we still have a long way to go before Duke’s social and cultural practices match our policies. No administrative action can do this. It’s an internal effort that must come from a desire on the part of the student body to break the barriers of public image and deeply-rooted segregationist mindsets that encourage homogeneous association. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you should walk up to a table of unknown internationals and casually eat lunch with them so you can check diversity off your bucket list. Social customs don’t necessarily carry across cultures, but “awkward” surely does. Nor does this mean that we should peace out and leave our friends to seek a new, more diverse social group. All I ask is that before you graduate, you make an effort to get to know fellow students of other backgrounds, take a class or join a student organization that expands your knowledge of another culture and risk getting out of your blinded daze. This week we celebrate many milestones on the path toward an integrated society: MLK day, the second inauguration of the nation’s first black president and “50 years of black students at Duke.” But the student body has yet to take steps to diversify our attitudes and our social practices. No matter where you are on the path to expanding your awareness of campus diversity or how far you have to go before you graduate, the alarm clock for this bucket list item goes off now. Wake up! Sony Rao is a Trinity senior. Her column runs every other Wednesday. You can follow Sony on Twitter @sony_rao.


12 | WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 2013

THE CHRONICLE

PARKER from page 7 team’s physicians, Blake Boggess, who is an active leader in Durham’s Mormon community. “[Jabari] says, ‘Basketball is what I do, it’s not who I am,’” Sonny said. “For him to be a good person and treat people like he wants to be treated, he handles it a lot better than the normal kid because since grammar school, we just made sure he’s around the right people that support him.” A former Blue Devil of the faith Parker’s comfort with pursuing his faith was a critical factor in his college decision. Among the five finalists for his services was Brigham Young, the Mormon-owned and operated university in Provo, Utah. Matt Christensen, a 6-foot-11 big man and fellow member of the Mormon Church, went through a similar decision-making process as a hoops prospect before ultimately signing with Duke in 1995. But as Christensen weighed his options, there was a catch: He had to be able to take a mission, during which a member

of the church takes off time from school or work to engage in various church services such as community service and proselytizing. He ultimately did for three years after his freshman season before rejoining the Blue Devils in 1999. “It was a deal breaker for me,” Christensen said. “I was recruited by some schools that didn’t seem like they would be very supportive and some that practically or explicitly said they didn’t think it was a good idea. For me, those were places that were out of the running.” Duke, though, was not one of those places, and head coach Mike Krzyzewski was not one of those coaches. “He was supportive,” Christensen said. “He already knew it was something that I wanted to do before we met for the first time, but he was totally behind it.” The coaching staff even supported him while he was on his mission in Frankfurt, Germany. Although mission rules at the time prevented Christensen from exchanging emails with the coaches, he said they would write him letters up to four times per week. When he was playing, they would take steps to accommodate him as well. Although Christensen was far from a star—

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starting just three games in his Duke career—he said they often would not practice on Sundays so that he could observe the Sabbath. Like Jabari will likely be, Christensen was involved with the Institute while at Duke. Although he was quite busy as a student—juggling basketball and a double major in civil engineering and economics—he said he often found time to make the meetings, which he described as “fun.” The Institute meets once per week for an hour and this year holds most of its meetings in a kitchen underneath the Duke Chapel. Han Woong Lee, president of the Latter-day Saint Student Association, hails from South Korea and said his experience with the Institute and LDSSA has allowed him to remain true to his faith, even when it has been tested in college. Christensen said the same Mormon studies keep him sane in a hectic work environment, as he is now the CEO of Rose Park Advisors, a Boston-based investment firm. “The vast majority of what I’m doing from one moment to the next is focused on things that are in the eternal scheme of things, not very important,” Christensen said. “The Church gives us the opportunity to serve other people that, left to our own devices, a lot of us wouldn’t be inclined to do. I know that I help other people, but I know that it helps me a lot.” Will Jabari go on a mission? The lingering question is whether or not Parker, like Christensen and many other devout Mormons, will go on a mission. And not all missions are the same—Lee, like Christensen, went after his freshman year at Duke but did not go abroad, instead going to New York City for 11 months. Lola Parker asked Rogerson about how a mission trip and basketball could coincide, though Rogerson felt unqualified to answer that question. In October, the LDS Church lowered the age limit for men to go on full-time missions from 19 to 18, meaning Parker could go immediately after high school, if he so desired. Although that appears unlikely, taking a mission at some point remains a possibility. “He doesn’t really know at this point. There’s so much going on. He has to finish up his senior year and he also chose to go to Duke University,” Sonny Parker said. “He’s thought about it, but he hasn’t made a decision…. He is still part of the church, that will never change.” Although Rogerson has not heard from the Parker family or members of the Duke basketball staff since that one phone call, news travels quickly in the tightly-knit Mormon community. After Parker’s commitment to the Blue Devils last month, Rogerson received a note from a stranger and BYU alumnus. The alumnus wrote he was happy to hear that there is a good Institute program at Duke and that the Institute had a “profound influence” on his life. “Take good care of Brother Parker,” the email concluded.

M. BASKETBALL from page 7 “We need [Jefferson], Hairston and Marshall [Plumlee] to step up,” Capel said. “When you lose a guy like Ryan you really need everyone to step up. Everyone on the team has to go to another level and we think that our guys are prepared to do that.” Krzyzewski knows that replacing Kelly is an impossible feat, but he was keen to praise Jefferson’s energy and enthusiasm that he brings to the floor. “Amile is a good player,” Krzyzewski said. “He doesn’t have the playing time or the experience that Ryan does, and he has a different skill set. The main thing that Ryan gives us besides his experience is he can score. He’s one of the best scorers. Whoever we put in that spot is never going to be able to duplicate that. But Amile can be a good defender, screener [and] offensive rebounder, and he can give us a lot of energy.” Speaking of freshmen, Duke’s Rasheed Sulaimon had been in an offensive funk prior to the Georgia Tech game, so Krzyzewski and his staff decided not to start the standout youngster against the Yellow Jackets. Sulaimon responded with his highest scoring output in nearly a month, recording 15 points on 5-of-8 shooting. “I think [benching him to start the game] was necessary,” Capel said. “He hadn’t been playing as well, so he lost the right to start. I thought he handled it very well and in a very mature way. He approached it in that he was going to come out and fight…. He did some really good things against Georgia Tech.” Sulaimon and the Blue Devils will be playing in front of a sold-out crowd Wednesday night, but that is definitely not something that they are unfamiliar with. Duke’s lone loss of the season was to N.C. State in the team’s first road game of the season.

Jan. 23, 2013 issue  

Wed. Jan. 23, 2013 issue of The Chronicle

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