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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTH YEAR, ISSUE 42

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

Writer must Rove and Dean ‘drilling into the issues’ give up notes on lacrosse by Jack Mercola THE CHRONICLE

A federal judge has ruled that a famous lacrosse scandal author, KC Johnson, must turn over his records of communication and testify in an ongoing civil lawsuit led by former lacrosse players and their families against Duke. Last month, the University filed a subpoena in federal court against Johnson, coauthor of “Until Proven Innocent: Political Correctness and the Shameful Injustice of the Duke Lacrosse Rape Case,” a book criticizing Duke and Durham’s handling of the 2006 lacrosse scandal. The subpoena sought to force Johnson to surrender records of communication between himself, members of the lacrosse team and other parties involved with the case. Johnson’s attorney, Patrick Strawbridge, attempted to defend the author by claiming that the motion to compel violated constitutional freedom of the press, noting in a previous interview that the First Amendment protects unpublished communications of a journalist. This defense, however, proved fruitless. In his ruling, U.S. Magistrate Judge John Rich granted the motion to compel Johnson SEE LACROSSE ON PAGE 3

JISOO YOON/ THE CHRONICLE

Political adviser Karl Rove and former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean engaged in a friendly debate about American policy issues at Page Auditorium Thursday evening in an event sponsored by the Duke American Grand Strategy program.

Political experts joke and debate about foreign and domestic policy

by Linda Yu THE CHRONICLE

Duke got its own foreign policy debate before the nation did Monday night. In the evening before the final presidential debate, Karl Rove—political analyst and former senior advisor to former President George W. Bush—debated Howard

Dean—former governor of Vermont and former Democratic National Committee Chairman—on the effects of the 2012 Presidential Election on America’s role in global politics in a fully packed Page Auditorium. Rove had originally been slated to debate SEE DEBATE ON PAGE 6

City limits nighttime CompSci students make noise to 50 decibels real-world apps for class by Elizabeth Djinis THE CHRONICLE

A recent restriction has put limits on Duke students’ ability to party late off campus. Durham County’s instated a new noise ordinance this summer that forbids sound above fifty decibels between 11 p.m. and 8 a.m. The 50 decibel cap limits noises louder than a washing machine or a quiet suburb. Enforcement of this policy has created tension with Duke students living off campus, who have been stopped from making noise in their off-campus residences. Police have been enforcing the ordinance regularly at Partners Place Condominiums, a residence on Morreene Road that is popular with Duke students. Senior David Estrin said he chose to live off-cam-

pus for the expectation of social freedom. The noise ordinance, however, limits this freedom by stopping residents from socializing in their own apartments after 11 p.m. “Durham Police’s selective enforcement of the noise ordinance at Partners has stifled much of my social life,” Estrin wrote in an email Sunday. “As much as I ‘love’ spending my time and money in Durham bars and Shooters, I’d much rather hang out with friends in the comfort of my apartment.” Senior Connor Lennard noted that the ordinance forces people to have fun away from their homes, such as on Main Street. Community leaders, however, have interpreted the ordinance as

by Imani Moise THE CHRONICLE

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Students developed a marine biology textbook app for iPad as part of a computer science course.

SEE NOISE ON PAGE 4

Durham mayor to endorse Obama, Page 2

Upper-level computer science students at Duke are applying their expertise in the field to real-world issues by creating mobile phone applications for a wide range of clients. A class in which students work in three-person groups to design mobile applications for a variety of clients is being offered for the third time. At the beginning of each semester of COMPSCI 290: Apps, From Concept to Client, a wide range of prospective clients—including representatives from the School of Medicine, nonprofit organizations and other companies—make short presentations about problems they would like to solve, with

hopes that the students choose their project pitches. Throughout the semester, students have been working closely with their chosen clients to create the apps in Apple’s iOS mobile operating system. The course is taught by Richard Lucic, associate professor of computer science, and Robert Duvall, computer science lecturer. “[The course] grew out of a perceived need to teach students something about software project management,” Lucic said. “Mobile apps were chosen as the course theme as a way to engage students.” The course is unique because it teaches students to improve SEE APPS ON PAGE 3

ONTHERECORD

“Democrats have had a field day with binders, but we should not over look the grain of truth in Romney’s clumsy comment....” —Jing Song Ng in “On binders.” See column page 10

Debate quick-takes, Page 2


2 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

DGHI receives grants for Durham mayor to medical research in Africa endorse Obama by Margot Tuchler THE CHRONICLE

Medical students will soon have the opportunity to study health issues in Kenya and Tanzania with funding from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. The Duke Global Health Institute is one of six university programs to share the foundation’s $5.2 million grant that funds research fellowships for medical students. The Doris Duke International Clinical Research Fellowships will fund three DGHI fellows each year

to perform research in Eldoret, Kenya and Moshi, Tanzania over the course of four years. The fellowships will be awarded to third-year medical students who plan to conduct research in a variety of health-related fields with the guidance of Duke faculty mentors. “[The fellows] will have an interpersonal and personal adventure that will hopefully create in them a desire to pursue a career in global health research,” said Dr. John Bartlett, co-director of the ICRFprogram at Duke and DGHI asso-

ciate director for research. Students will be matched with Duke faculty members, as well as a mentor and a student partner at the site in either Kenya or Tanzania, so they will be well-equipped to conduct their research and become familiar with local culture, said Dr. Dennis Clements, project director of the ICRF and chief of primary care pediatrics for the Duke University Health System. Applicants will be accepted SEE DGHI ON PAGE 4

QUICK TAKES THE FINAL PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE The third and last presidential debate between President Barack Obama and contender Mitt Romney took place Monday night at Lynn University in Boca Raton, Fla. Here are some of both candidates’ key quotes from the event, which focused primarily on foreign policy issues.

OBAMA

ROMNEY

“My first job as commander in chief, [moderator Bob Schieffer], is to keep the American people safe, and that’s what we’ve done over the last four years.... Al-Qaeda’s core leadership has been decimated.”

“We’re four years closer to a nuclear Iran.”

“A few months ago when you [Romney] were asked what’s the biggest geopolitical threat facing America, you said Russia.... And the 1980s are now calling to ask for their foreign policy back.”

“I congratulate [Obama] on taking out Osama bin Laden and taking on the leadership of al-Qaeda. But we can’t kill our way out of this.”

“The question is not a game of Battleship where we’re counting ships. It’s what are our capabilities.”

“We have to say to our friends in China, look, you guys are playing aggressively, we understand it, but this can’t keep on going. You can’t keep on holding down the value of your currency, stealing our intellectual property, counterfeiting our products, selling them around the world, even into the United States.”

“Israel is a true friend. It is our greatest ally in the region. And if Israel is attacked, America will stand with Israel.”

“Thirty-thousand people being killed by [the Syrian] government is a humanitarian disaster.”

DUKE MARINE LAB

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As he did in 2008, Durham Mayor Bill Bell will endorse Barack Obama for president. Obama for America North Carolina announced that Bell will officially endorse Obama alongside Raleigh Mayor Nancy McFarlane at Raleigh’s Boylan Bridge Brewpub. Neither endorsement is a surprise—six-term Democratic mayor Bell has been an enthusiastic supporter of Obama for years, and independently affiliated McFarlane has praised Obama’s policies during his visits to North Carolina since she came to office in 2011. Obama endorsed Bell in his bid for reelection as mayor in 2007. In 2008, Obama won Durham County by more than 52 percentage points over Sen. John McCain. Although Obama narrowly won the entire state in 2008, a Rasmussen poll published Thursday found Romney leading Obama in North Carolina, 52 percent to 46 percent. Romney staffers have been pulled away from North Carolina to other swing states, like Ohio. “I want to get President Obama re-elected,” Bell said in a February interview with the Chronicle on the opening of an Obama campaign office in Durham. “None of the unprecedented enthusiasm in Durham for President Obama has gone away.”

On-campus early voting and registration is taking place in the Old Trinity Room in the West Union Building until Nov. 3. Oct. 23: 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. Oct. 24: 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.

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SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Durham Mayor Bill Bell will join Raleigh Mayor Nancy McFarlane to endorse Barack Obama for president Tuesday. The site of the announcement overlooks the planned site for Raleigh’s future transit hub, Union Station. Bell and McFarlane’s Obama endorsement is spurred, the announcement said, by plans in the proposed budget of Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan that would cut local infrastructure spending by up to 20 percent. In contrast, the release said, Obama “has remained committed to investing in infrastructure, education and innovation,” and supports a thriving middle class. —from Staff Reports

Oct. 25: 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. Oct. 26: 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. Oct. 27: 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. Oct. 28: 12 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Oct. 29: 9 a.m. - 7 p.m. Nov. 1: 9 a.m. - 7 p.m. Nov. 2: 9 a.m. - 7 p.m. Nov. 3: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m.

Let’s talk...

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CONTACT KATIE WOOD AT KATIE.WOOD@DUKE.EDU OR 252.504.7586 dukemarinelab.net

sports.chronicleblogs.com


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APPS from page 1 their development ability and provides a product for a client in need, said Austin Benesh, a senior in the course. “I was interested in CS 290 because of the unique focus of the class,” Benesh said. “Instead of having normal course work, the goal is to work in a team to complete... a working mobile app for a client, simulating more of a work than school environment.” Out of several project pitches presented to the class this semester, the students ultimately picked six projects—one of which will allow researchers to get information from very large sample sizes. Dan Ariely, James B. Duke professor of behavioral economics, proposed a project that would assist his organization—the Center for Advanced Hindsight, a group that conducts retrospective research in a variety of fields such as health marketing, dating behavior, incentive systems and other topics. “I feel privileged that they picked my project,” Ariely said. “If I were one of the students in the class, I would have a hard time choosing.” Benesh is among the three students working on Ariely’s app, called Crowdsourcing Research. The app will help facilitate the dissemination of research questions to large sample sizes by providing a quick way to push research experiments to mobile devices. “Our team is thrilled to be working with Dan Ariely and his

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012 | 3

Center for Advanced Hindsight,” Benesh said. Ariely said he hopes to use the app in an online class that he will be teaching in the future through the Duke Coursera online platform and also plans to expand its usage outside the classroom. “These apps will have value outside of the course setting,” Lucic said. “Students work with real clients on apps that will be used in the real world.” Last semester’s students created an app for the entire Duke University Health System, Lucic added. DUHS was so pleased that the representative offered to come back and be a resource for the class, taking the class on a tour of their information technology operations as a field trip. A large part of the course focuses on forging positive developerclient relationships, Banesh noted. Grades are primarily based on client opinion. “The class is entirely not lecture based,” said senior Tony Yan, another student in the course. “We have a lot of guest speakers including professional programmers from various companies like Zynga and Facebook.” Although Yan said he has personal experience in app development, he still believes the course has a lot to offer. In addition to learning how to use new coding methods, he is also gaining realworld skills in client interactions. “While our code is still assessed and graded, the goal is to keep the client happy with our product,” Banesh said.

LACROSSE from page 1 to surrender certain records to the University. Johnson must also testify in the civil lawsuit between Duke and the former lacrosse players, in which a group of 38 unindicted players and another group of three other unindicted players have separately sued the University for fraud and for providing poor legal counsel after three of their teammates were falsely accused of the rape and kidnapping of stripper Crystal Magnum in 2006. Rich wrote in his Oct. 12 decision that, because the former lacrosse players and their families have brought suit, they must expect that their prior statements and conversations that are relevant to the accusations they are bringing against Duke cannot be hidden from the University. Johnson must also appear for deposition, a motion he unsuccessfully attempted to quash in the same case. “People who bring suit must expect that their prior statements that are relevant to their claims cannot be hidden from those whom they are suing,” Rich said. There are two criteria that are considered when a defendant makes a motion to compel a third-party to produce records or conversations with parties involved with the case, Rich wrote. First, the party bringing the subpoena—the movant party,

which in this case is Duke—must prove it has sufficient need for such information and that this need is not frivolous, according to the decision. On the other side of the scale, the third party—in this case Johnson—must prove that the sources’ interest in confidentiality and the potential injury to open communication caused by the disclosure outweigh the needs of the movant party. While authoring his book, Johnson, a professor of history at Brooklyn College, founded the blog “Durham-in-Wonderland,” which he continues to update with information from involved sources on the ongoing legal ramifications of the case. “Duke’s need for such information is... apparent—Duke is defending itself against the claims of the same individuals who communicated with Dr. Johnson about the events at issue,” Rich noted. “I do not see how compelling [Johnson], under these circumstances, to reveal what the plaintiffs told him will chill his efforts to obtain information about the Duke lacrosse scandal from any other individuals.” According to the ruling, Duke will only receive access to four categories of Johnson’s records: events dating from March 13, 2006 to March 28, 2006; the subpoena for DukeCard information served by the Durham Police Department, which was used to form proper alibis for the three accused la-

crosse players; Duke’s prior release of DukeCard information to DPD; and any disciplinary action taken against a plaintiff in the ongoing civil lawsuit. This includes records of meetings between lacrosse team leaders and some of Duke’s top administrators—President Richard Brodhead, Executive Vice President Tallman Trask and Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek. Brodhead, Wasoliek and other administrators have outstanding charges pressed against them in the ongoing civil lawsuit. Because Johnson lives in Maine, the case was tried in the U.S. District Court of Portland, Maine. Both Maine and North Carolina have state statutes that shield journalists’ source material from disclosure in legal proceedings. However, there is no such federal statute, and because the case was brought to federal court, these protections did not apply. Because the original subpoena against Johnson did not ask for his reporting conducted with the players’ parents, it is not covered by Rich’s ruling, the judge added, despite the fact that Duke has more recently expressed interest in accessing these records. Since the ruling, Strawbridge could not be reached for comment despite multiple attempts. Tom Segars, an attorney from Duke’s lead outside counsel, the Raleigh-based law firm Ellis and Winters, declined to comment at this time.

TAKE A GLOBAL HEALTH COURSE THIS SPRING Don’t Miss:

GLOBAL HEALTH SHOWCASE

The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) works to improve health equity worldwide and in our community by bringing together interdisciplinary teams to solve health problems. Learn more about global health by taking a course this spring. Global Health Certificate Ethics courses t Global Bioethics PHIL 281/GLHLTH 281 | Gopal Sreenivasan

t Global Health Service, Research, & Ethics (service learning course) | GLHLTH 373S | Sumi Ariely

t Law, Development, and Human Rights PUBPOL 590S.20/GLHLTH 590S.20 Catherine Admay

t Medical Anthropology CULANTH 424T/GLHLTH 321T Harris Solomon

Poster Expo & Reception Nov12 | 4 - 7 p.m. RSVP today Details at tinyurl.com/ghshowcase

New Courses & Faculty t African Health Systems, NGOs, & Global Health GLHLTH 671 | David Toole

t Bioethics GLHLTH 740 | Kearsley Stewart

t Economics and Global Health

t Global Mental Health GLHLTH 560S/PSY 611S/CulAnth 611S | Eve Puffer

t Introduction to Maternal and Child Health GLHLTH 571 | Eric Green

t Non-Communicable Diseases

GLHLTH 741 | Gerald Bloomfield ECON 390.01 & 690.01/GLHLTH 390.01 t Spatial Epidemiology and Erica Field

t Food and the Body CULANTH 309S/GLHLTH 320S Harris Solomon

Demography GLHLTH 636 | William Pan & Beth Feingold

*** To fulfill the GH Certificate fieldwork requirement, students must complete an approved ethics course before commencing fieldwork

More global health courses and full course descriptions at globalhealth.duke.edu/education/global-health-courses

globalhealth.duke.edu


4 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

NOISE from page 1 a way to ensure smooth relations between students and their neighbors. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is how the city attempts to make everyone happy,â&#x20AC;? said sophomore Derek Rhodes, vice president of Durham and regional affairs for Duke Student Government. â&#x20AC;&#x153;[The ordinance] doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t allow Duke students who live off campus to do whatever they want, whenever they want, as loud as they want, but it holds everyone else in the city accountable to that same standard.â&#x20AC;? A certain social lifestyle may be possible on Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s campus, but the Durham community does not conform to the college social schedule. As a city-wide regulation, the noise ordinance has to apply equally to the entire city of Durham, so it cannot apply differently to college students, Rhodes noted. The Durham Police declined to comment on the ordinance, but John Dailey,

ADDISON CORRIHER/ THE CHRONICLE

Students living at Partners Place Condominiums have been experiencing the effects of a recent Durham noise ordinance.

THE CHRONICLE

Chief of the Duke University Police Department, noted that even University events, such as outdoor concerts on campus, garner noise complaints and can be handled by both Duke Police and Durham Police. Dailey said that the community should cooperate to resolve their noise issues. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The level of tolerance for noise varies, and neighbors should work together,â&#x20AC;? Dailey said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Within Durham, citizens can report neighbors creating a disturbance at any time.â&#x20AC;? Rhodes said that, though there have been violations of the noise ordinance this year, he has observed students taking charge of their own misconduct. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the job of the Durham Police Department to enforce the ordinance, so they show up, and students are respectful of that and follow the orders theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been given,â&#x20AC;? said Rhodes. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In the instances Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve seen, a lot of times students are aware that they may be a bit too loud and police themselves.â&#x20AC;? Freshman Alexa Romersa experienced the noise ordinance for herself at a fraternity party she attended. While attendees enjoyed the ambience of the festivities outside the fraternity apartment, the Durham police waited below. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The frat guys knew that they were going to get cited so they made everyone move inside,â&#x20AC;? Romersa said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When it was time for the party to move to the next phase, everyone just kind of sobered up to walk past the cops but was ready for a good time when they got to the bus stop.â&#x20AC;? Rhodes stressed that students who choose to live off-campus are aware of their responsibilities. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The rules that apply to local Durham residents also apply to Duke students,â&#x20AC;? Rhodes said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is something that most students understand when they choose to live off campus.â&#x20AC;?

DGHI from page 2 from medical schools across the country, but Clements said he expects the majority of the fellows to be Duke students. He said ideal candidates will most likely have previous international experience. Applicants, Clements said, should be dedicated to â&#x20AC;&#x153;improving health care in international sites, leading to further understanding of diseases going on there and how to prevent them back home, as well.â&#x20AC;? Other universities that received the Doris Duke grant include Harvard Medical School, the San Francisco School of Medicine, the University of California, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, the University of Minnesota School of Medicine and the Yale University School of Medicine. ICRF research opportunities will include childhood malaria, post-traumatic stress disorder, cardiovascular disease, HIV and AIDS, among others, Bartlett said. He added that the research sites have the potential to present drastic differences from what students may be accustomed to in the United States, shaping their experiences. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Cultural differences may be quite significant and may involve confronting very different patient outcomes in a resources-limited setting,â&#x20AC;? said Bartlett, who is also director of the Duke AIDS Research and Treatment Center and and a professor of medicine and global health. â&#x20AC;&#x153;One of the really important things we wish to emphasize in our mentorship is not just the didactic components, but also the experimental component that helps each of these medical students understand and process the experience in a profoundly human way.â&#x20AC;?

Andrew Bouley, a fourth-year student in the School of Medicine, conducted research in Moshi at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center, which has a standing collaboration with DGHI, during his third year. His research focused on infectious diseases, particularly the incidence of brucellosis, a bacterial infection transmitted by animals. He noted that he was able to pursue multiple research interests while he was there. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The strongest part about KCMC is the mentorship,â&#x20AC;? Bouley said, adding that he primarily worked with John Crump, adjunct associate professor of medicine and global health. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s really important for medicine or global health students who go abroad to have a solid mentorship and people they can go to with questions.â&#x20AC;? Bouley noted Duke is highly regarded in Moshi by local residents as well as by other foreign students working at the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center. ICRF fellows will have a solid base in Moshi thanks to Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ongoing collaboration, Bouley noted. As the co-site leaders of the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center-Duke colloaboration, Dr. Ann Buchanan, medical instructor of pediatrics, and Dr. Elizabeth Reddy, medical instructor of medicine and global health, are always on site. Bartlett and Clements touted the benefits of the fellowship, noting that the studentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; research will culminate in presentations and likely publication. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Most of the students that go to these locations end up with publications like they would if they were at home, [but there is] an international twist, so if they wanted to work in a center with an international program, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d say they would be well-considered,â&#x20AC;? Clements said.

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THE CHRONICLE

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012 | 5

Wainwright for Obama .............................................................. a photo essay by Chelsea Pieroni

President Barack Obama’s Early Vote Express Bus made a stop on Lakewood Avenue in Durham Monday, joined by renowned performer Rufus Wainwright. Wainwright, who also performed at the Carolina Theater that night, spoke to Organizing for America volunteers, stressing the importance of early voting and expressing his support for Obama—particularly the president’s stance on LGBT rights. After his opening speech, Wainwright performed his song “Candles.” Early voting is a highly efficient method for getting supporters to the polls, though there is a long way to go in terms of the voter turnout, Cameron French, Obama spokesman for North Carolina, said at the event.

LEARNING to LISTEN:

EMPATHY in LITERATURE and MEDICINE

NO TRICKS

only treats

What is empathy? A precious human quality? A necessary component of healing? A teachable skill? Can reading great stories or poems help medical and pre-med students develop it? These workshops will explore how empathy is valued, measured and employed by literature and medicine and what these two disciplines might learn from each other.

Next Workshop Today October 23rd, 5-7 PM, Soc Sci 107 Open to all: undergraduate and medical or other grad students, and interested faculty. Five Tuesdays, 5-7 PM, Social Sciences 107

It’s Simply Spooktacular!

Please join us October 23rd, 2012 Subsequent workshops on November 13th and December 4th. Light Dinner, drinks and dessert will be provided. For more information, see http://sites.duke.edu/learningtolisten/ or email learningtolisten@duke.edu.

Sponsored by the Duke Humanities Writ Large Initiative

Check the Chronicle for more information.


6 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

DEBATE from page 1 Robert Gibbs, President Barack Obama’s campaign advisor and former White House Press Secretary, but because Gibbs was unable to attend, Dean replaced him. Moderating the debate was political science professor Peter Feaver, director of the American Grand Strategy program, which sponsored the event. Feaver joked that, had they not gotten Dean to fill in last minute, he would have had to “pull a Clint Eastwood” and have Rove debate an empty chair. Unlike the night’s more pugnacious presidential debate, Rove and Dean’s camaraderie and banter caused their debate to resemble a conversation between friends with opposing political viewpoints. When Feaver asked Rove and Dean to introduce each other, for example, both debaters plied one another with backhanded compliments. During Rove’s introduction, he poked fun about various moments throughout Dean’s political career. Rove

THE CHRONICLE

described how Dean supported Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater in 1964 “and then went downhill from there.” He also joked about a later Democratic Convention in which Dean “drank with Kennedy people but voted with the Carter people.” Despite these comments, Rove sincerely commended Dean for being a “fervent advocate for the things he believes in” and for his long service as governor of Vermont. Keeping with the friendly tone of the conversation, Dean praised Rove as the “leading political mind” of the Republican party. “I know, because I’ve been fighting them for my entire life,” he said. Dean also mocked a recent loss by the University of Texas football team, from Rove’s long-time home state. “In Vermont, we’re fiscal conservatives, we don’t have a football program,” Dean said. Following this exchange, Rove whipped out an electric screwdriver, revved it and made a pun about “drilling into the issues.” The two men then went on to tackle more substantive

“In Vermont, we’re fiscal conservatives, we don’t have a football program.” — Howard Dean, former Vermont governor matters of foreign policy and national politics. They offered nuanced personal positions on issues abroad, each point backed with specific examples and did not always follow their party’s ideologies—they both praised and admonished Obama’s foreign policy record to varying degrees. One hotly debated issue involved American military involvement abroad. Rove advocated the value of “boots on the ground,” whereas Dean argued that troops should be pulled out of countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan because “the new version of war is different.” For instance, Dean noted how the current battle against jihadists was fought largely by drones in northwest Pakistan. Rove volleyed back that if the United States did not maintain bases around the world, it would not be able to launch such drone attacks where needed. The two continued to discuss specific policy topics, including relations with China, U.S. interventionism and political divisiveness. Freshman Tyler Fredricks liked that Rove and Dean talked about topics of foreign policy that are not part of the usual political discussion. “Usually they focus on Iraq, Iran or the E.U, but they talked about other countries such as Somalia and Kenya,” he said. He also added that he wished they had talked about Israel, citing his Jewish heritage. On the topic of national politics, the two men supported their political parties but were not belligerent. When Rove and Dean were asked about bipartisanship, Rove joked about his reputation as a Republican partisan. “I’m Satan. I’m responsible for all the bad things,” Rove said to audience laughter. Dean criticized Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney for changing positions too much and said that the “ace in the hole” of the Obama campaign was its grassroots voter turnout organization. Rove critiqued Obama for lacking a coherent message and strategy. Although both Dean and Rove agreed that the race will be extremely close, each made the case that their party’s candidate would win. Both candidates rattled off the names of swing states with ease and Rove produced a little sheet that he wrote up every morning detailing new poll numbers and recited them. Senior Erin Sweeney, an American Grand Strategy student coordinator who helped advertise the event, was happy with the debate’s turnout and the course of the conversation. “It was really interesting how Carl Rove was very proRomney and Dean was less pro-Obama,” she said. The debate ended with Rove revving his screwdriver and a standing ovation for the two men from the crowd.

NICOLE SAVAGE/THE CHRONICLE

Provost Peter Lange presents before political adviser Karl Rove and former Vermont Gov. Howard Dean take the stage at Page Auditorium Monday night.


Sports

>> THE BLUE ZONE

The Chronicle

FOOTBALL

TUESDAY October 23, 2012

Visit the sports blog to check out our grades from this Saturday’s football game when the Blue Devils beat North Carolina 33-30 and clinched a bowl berth.

www.dukechroniclesports.com

MEN’S SOCCER

VERNON Blue Devils need strong finish VINDICATED by Alex Krinsky THE CHRONICLE

Lost amid the Victory Bell celebrations following Duke’s 33-30 win against North Carolina Saturday was arguably the strangest moment of the season so far. With the Blue Devils leading 13-6 in the second period, Tar Heel linebacker Shakeel Rashad substituted into the game and ran into Duke wide receiver Conner Vernon, knocking the senior to the ground. Although Rashad was not penalized at the time, the freshman was suspended for one game by the ACC Monday “for his dangerous collision against an unsuspecting Duke player,” according to a statement by the conference. Head linesman Tyrone Davis and side judge Angie Bartis were also issued one-game suspensions for “failure to adhere to correct mechanics of the game and rules related to player safety.” After being attended to by medical personnel on the field, Vernon left the game for one play and subsequently returned to the action. “I want to apologize to Duke’s Conner Vernon for running into him during Saturday’s game,” Rashad said in a statement released by North Carolina. “I was in a hurry to get on the field and focused on where I was going…. I did not mean to run into him, and I’m glad he was not hurt.” What struck Duke football head coach David Cutcliffe was the bizarre nature of the incident. “I can’t judge intent. I’ve never seen anything like it. It was different than what was described to me during the game. It was full speed and there was no intent to avoid,”

BRITTANY ZULKIEWICZ/THE CHRONICLE

With four more games in the regular season and at least one ACC tournament game remaining, Duke must win three of those to be eligible for an NCAA Tournament selection. The Blue Devils are treating this home stretch as a mustwin situation, beginning at 7 p.m. tonight against Davidson at Koskinen Stadium. “The biggest thing is the urgency,” head coach John Kerr said. “We feel DC like every game going forward is a playvs. off game, like a knockout tournament. Duke We’re approaching it that way so our energy level has to be high, our approach and concentration have to be Tuesday, 7 p.m. on. And we have to get more aggressive Koskinen Stadium in the final third and get some goals.” Duke (5-7-1) is coming off a 1-0 loss at home to Boston College that epitomized a problem plaguing the squad all season—not capitalizing on scoring chances. The Blue Devils held the advantage in shots and corner kicks. “One of the things we’ve been working on, it’s evident for everyone to see, is we haven’t scored enough goals this season,” senior goalkeeper James Belshaw said. “That’s what we’ve been working on: scoring goals, staying sharp at the back and getting that hunger and desire to do whatever it takes tomorrow night to get a win.” The team is focusing on positioning more bodies in the box in an effort to benefit from scoring opportunities, Kerr said. Instead of positioning two or three players in the box, Duke will try to push four or five forward, including outside backs playing in the attacking third of the field. “We need to make sure we’re doing the last little bit that it takes to make sure we’re scoring, or getting in those positions,”

SEE SUSPENSION ON PAGE 10

Duke has struggled to generate goals so far this season and are led on the offensive end by defender Sebastien Ibeagha, who has five goals.

SEE M. SOCCER ON PAGE 10

by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE

WOMEN’S BASKETBALL

FOOTBALL

Chidom chooses Duke

Three players earn ACC honors

by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE

Duke women’s basketball head coach Joanne P. McCallie is cashing in on her west coast connections. The Blue Devils picked up another top player in the class of 2013 Sunday when Oderah Chidom, the No. 10 recruit according to ESPN, committed after her official visit to campus for Countdown to Craziness. Chidom plays for the California Storm, the former team of Duke junior guard Chelsea Gray. Gray is a revered basketball player in the area and often comes back to visit practice, Storm head coach George Quintero said. “When these girls were growing up, Chelsea was terrorizing northern California,” he said. Chidom, a 6-foot-3 forward, was between Duke and a list of schools exclusively based on the west coast: California, UCLA, Stanford and Washington. Between the recruitment of Gray and SEE W. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 10

by Daniel Carp THE CHRONICLE

Three Duke football players have earned ACC Player of the Week honors following the team’s 33-30 victory against North Carolina Saturday. Redshirt senior quarterback Sean Renfree was named the ACC’s Offensive Back of the Week, redshirt junior tackle Perry Simmons earned ACC Offensive Lineman of the Week and freshman running back Jela Duncan was named the ACC’s Rookie of the Week. Duke was just one of two teams to have multiple players honored this week, matching N.C. State’s three selections. Renfree’s selection came on the heels of Duke’s comeback victory against the Tar Heels. The signal caller completed 23-of-36 passes for 276 yards and one touchdown but was locked in on the Blue Devils’ final drive to send them to their first bowl appearance since 1994. Renfree led his team 87 yards in the game’s final 3:06, completing 8-of-11 passes for 78 yards, including the game-winning score to wide receiver Jamison Crowder. He connected with wide receiver Conner Vernon for two crucial third down conversions on the drive before finding Crowder in the end zone on a fourth down with 13 seconds remaining. “Sean did a masterful job in managing protection, reading coverage and getting the ball to the right places,” Blue Devil

FAITH ROBERTSON/THE CHRONICLE

Sean Renfree completed 23-of-36 passes for 276 yards as one of three Blue Devils to earn ACC weekly honors. head coach David Cutcliffe said. “The throw to Jamison was just an incredibly great throw.” Simmons and the Duke offensive line protected Renfree and opened holes in the running game against a dangerous Tar Heel defensive front. Renfree was sacked just once in the contest and neutralized

North Carolina’s rush defense, which was ranked third in the ACC entering play. The result was a career day for the Blue Devils, who amassed 234 yards on the ground on 53 carries—the highest singlegame rushing total in the Cutcliffe era. As SEE AWARDS ON PAGE 10


8 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

M. SOCCER from page 9

AWARDS from page 9

Kerr said. “For me, we’re on the right track. We just have to make sure we connect on the last 10-15 percent that we’re lacking.” This strategy will be especially crucial against Davidson (6-8-1), a defensive-minded team. The Wildcats play a 4-1-4-1, so they tend to keep five players back on defense. On the offensive side of the ball, 6-foot-3 senior forwards Andrew DiLallo and Brian McGue lead Davidson’s attack. DiLallo and McGue cause trouble for opposing defenses with their height advantage, especially on corner kicks and set plays. Duke will need Belshaw and junior Sebastien Ibeagha to stay sharp. “We’re preparing to win,” Belshaw said. “We have four games left in the regular season, and if we want to play postseason soccer, then we need to win.”

a leader on an experienced offensive line, Simmons was on the field for all of Duke’s 89 offensive snaps. Duncan was one of the many beneficiaries of Simmons’ superb effort, amassing 118 all-purpose yards in Saturday’s victory. He carried the ball a career-high 22 times for 74 yards, recorded three receptions for 12 yards, returned two kickoffs for 32 yards and scored the Blue Devils’ second touchdown of the game with a twoyard scamper in the second quarter. The touchdown was Duncan’s third score in Duke’s past four games. Duncan played a key role in the Blue Devils’ game-winning drive, catching a swing pass on thirdand-6 from North Carolina’s 19-yard line and getting just enough yardage to keep the chains moving. Renfree threw the game’s decisive touchdown to Crowder just four plays later.

SUSPENSION from page 9

SIMPLY THE BEST!

Cutcliffe said Sunday night before the suspensions were announced. “I was amazed when I saw that this morning. I’m kind of speechless about that one. Never had that happen in my entire career—very unusual.” Rashad, a true freshman, has played in all eight games and has recorded 14 tackles, one sack and one interception on the season. Upon hearing the news of the suspension, the Tar Heel administration expressed their sympathy for Vernon but also their displeasure with the process that led to the ACC’s decision. “We are disappointed with the decision to suspend him for a game,” athletic director Bubba Cunningham said in a statement. “I don’t understand how the conference can suspend a player who was involved in such an unusual play without speaking to him.”

CHELSEA PIERONI/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Chelsea Gray played on the same club team in California as Oderah Chidom, who committed to Duke.

W. BASKETBALL from page 9 other players, McCallie has developed a strong relatoinship with Quintero, who said that he and the Blue Devil coach have spoken at least once a week for some time now. “I trust her, and she does a tremendous job. I feel comfortable reccomending that parents build a relationship with her,” Quintero said. “It’s a business relationship, but she’s a friend too.” Chidom plays forward but possesses the athleticism to run the floor and defend perimeter players, Quintero said, adding that he believes she is only beginning to reach her potential.

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She joins Rebecca Greenwell and Kianna Holland, ranked No. 6 and No. 32, respectively, in McCallie’s recruiting class. Greenwell committed last week after her official visit to campus. Chidom was one of four players visiting Durham this weekend for Countdown to Craziness, where she was joined by Holland and class of 2014 prospects Brianna Turner and Azura Stevens. For now, though, McCallie’s sights are still set westward on one of Chidom’s 2013 teammates with the Storm—Kendall Cooper, the No. 12 recruit. “Oderah, Kendall and Chelsea are close friends. Hopefully that helps,” Quintero said. “It’s going to be UCLA or Duke.”

FAITH ROBERTSON/THE CHRONICLE

Freshman running back Jela Duncan notched his third touchdown of the season Saturday.

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10 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

More openings in the arts Convincing Duke students can do two specific things to to work in arts-related fields best prepare—and hopefully after graduation can be a hard entice—its students to pursue sell. Unlike consulting or fi- careers in the arts: first, buildnance companies, arts organi- ing interdisciplinary conneczations often do not have the tions between the arts and money or manother fields power to recruit. and, second, deeditorial Furthermore, mystifying posteven the students who get graduate arts opportunities by hired in the arts are unlikely to exposing undergraduates to get a big paycheck. There’s an real working arts professionals. even bigger disincentive in the In true Duke fashion, the long-run: Successful arts ca- arts are beginning to be studreers—think a big-time movie ied less as solitary disciplines producer or acting agent—are and instead in tandem with characterized by unexpected other areas of study. This growand even risky turns. Duke ing interdisciplinary approach students tend to love prede- to the arts is already visible in termined tracks, and there are the school’s Visiting Artists few of those in the arts. program. For example, Dutch There is little that Duke as art restorer and historian Chara university can do to remove lotte Caspers is visiting Duke structural obstacles to entering this Fall to do collaborative arts-related fields. But Duke work with Ingrid Daubechies,

Duke football isn’t by any means in the upper echelon of NCAAF programs, but it is improving, game by game. I’m proud of our team, as well as our fans. Let’s keep the momentum going. —“CarlyRaeJepsen” commenting on the story “Victory Bowl.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Direct submissions to:

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YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Editor LAUREN CARROLL, Managing Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, News Editor ANDREW BEATON, Sports Editor CHRIS DALL, Photography Editor MAGGIE LAFALCE, Editorial Page Editor KATHERINE ZHANG, Editorial Board Chair PARKER KUIVILA, Managing Editor for Online JIM POSEN, Director of Online Operations CHRISSY BECK, General Manager KRISTIE KIM, University Editor TIFFANY LIEU, Local & National Editor ANDREW LUO, Health & Science Editor CAROLINE RODRIGUEZ, News Photography Editor PHOEBE LONG, Design Editor MICHAELA DWYER, Recess Editor SOPHIA DURAND, Recess Photography Editor SCOTT BRIGGS, Editorial Page Managing Editor MATTHEW CHASE, Towerview Editor ADDISON CORRIHER, Towerview Photography Editor NICOLE KYLE, Social Media Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Senior Editor REBECCA DICKENSON, Advertising Director MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager DAVID RICE, Director of External Relations

James B. Duke professor of mathematics. Daubechies uses mathematical analysis of digital versions of paintings to determine their authenticity. Other partnerships have occurred between dance and engineering as well as between law and art. Why is this beneficial for Duke students? Students devoted solely to art— an aspiring concert pianist, for instance—usually bypass Duke for a more specialized education. Duke students can add powerful intersections between the arts and other fields to the world’s increasingly diverse and fluid art world. Second, Duke can connect scared or uninformed students with arts industry veterans. Although Duke students engage passionately with the arts on campus, few end up pursu-

ing arts-related careers. The Duke Entertainment Media and Arts Network weekend— a November event that connects students with alumni in the arts—is a laudable start, but we wish the program had a higher profile and more robust attendance. The Career Center will never fully cater to the arts community with a straightforward TechConnectstyle career fair. Duke students interested in the arts will rarely benefit from a mass resume distribution. But they will benefit enormously from listening to the true stories of successful arts professionals, who often start as scrappers and gain very specialized knowledge and experience along their unconventional paths. Many careers in the arts take guts and improvisation, and Duke

students should start taking notes from the best. We commend Duke, particularly Vice Provost for the Arts Scott Lindroth, for pushing both these initiatives. The arts at Duke have flourished dramatically over the last five years as part of a Universitywide strategy to prioritize them. Among its peers, Duke may not have the most money allocated for arts programs or the most illustrious tradition of art appreciation. Duke does, however, have its own unique strengths, namely a precedent of interdisciplinary innovation and a reasonably strong alumni arts network. Going forward, Duke should capitalize on both to improve the student arts experience and, for those who are interested, student job prospects.

On binders

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Est. 1905

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MARGOT TUCHLER, University Editor JACK MERCOLA, Local & National Editor DANIELLE MUOIO, Health & Science Editor ELYSIA SU, Sports Photography Editor ELIZA STRONG, Design Editor HOLLY HILLIARD, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Online Photo Editor ASHLEY MOONEY, Sports Managing Editor SONIA HAVELE, Towerview Editor MELISSA YEO, Towerview Creative Director NICOLE KYLE, Special Projects Editor MAGGIE SPINI, Senior Editor MICHAEL SHAMMAS, Recruitment Chair BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director MEGAN MCGINITY, Digital Sales Manager

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T

he humble binder has risen to towering ism, sparing the lives of dangerous characters and heights of fame since Romney’s remark: their close relations when American lives could be “Can’t we find some women that are also at stake. qualified? … I went to a number of women’s groups On the other hand, there is something intuitive… and they brought us whole bindly unsettling about the translation ers full of women.” This comment from the presidential pen’s ink to has become the butt of jokes; meme the blood-stained clothes of a father generators have been on overdrive. in northwest Pakistan. Like rifling Democrats have had a field day through reams of women’s resumes, with binders, but we should not poring over the kill list does not overlook the grain of truth in Romseem commensurate to the gravity ney’s clumsy comment. A key layer in of a geographically distant outcome. many vetting processes for jobs, colWhat makes this process more esjing song ng leges, fellowships, etc. involves sifttranged and more disturbing is the jingapore says ing through reams of paper. These weapon of choice: a Reaper drone two-dimensional profiles matter. remotely piloted by someone in Quite lamentably, binders are not wholly divorced Hancock Field near Syracuse. from reality. Practical and robust arguments on efficacy and The proliferation of memes and hashtags brings risk reduction (American pilots are not put in harm’s to the fore three reasons why Romney’s binders way and potential innocent victims benefit from more chafe us. First, the remark was responding to a ques- sustained surveillance and more precise strikes) do tion on resolving gender inequality. This is a perti- not silence the throbbing discomfort when we hear nent and intimate matter to many. The ruffling of of this mechanically removed method. pages bound by three metal rings and sandwiched Perhaps a case can be made that suppressing between two plastic flaps undermines the weight of costs might lead to shoddier decision-making. Now this issue; “binders” brought to mind an image of that the lives of American soldiers are well safeclinical nonchalance. It was a lousy choice of words. guarded, strikes are more likely to occur despite a Second, “binders of women” rides on the wave lack of robust reasons. However, Obama’s decision of accusations that Romney’s affluence pries him to stick his finger in the pie of these killings refutes away from the 99 (or 47) percent’s concerns. A accusations of blithe aloofness. “Gangnam Style” spoof depicts a Romney look-aEven then, something hollow, an echoing dislike gleefully doing the signature horse-riding move comfort, still lingers. Perhaps it is because the dein a stable of strapping stallions. Number games are lineation of Suspect 498—frequently in the cominsufficient for, and might be inimical to, matters pany of Companion 498A and Companion 498B, beyond corporate success. and occasionally in the embrace of Companion Third, many of us find it unsettling that so many 498C—hardly captures the gritty, grimy, gruesome considerations pivot on our paper-thin profiles. reality when the Reaper’s whistling missile fades to Resumes, personal statements and cover letters are a deafening explosion. impoverished of the thick human lives that we lead. This is akin to the human disconnection that The backlash against Romney is symptomatic of a partly explains why “binders of women” was such deep dissatisfaction in our increasingly alienated a galling comment. Women, and the fairness for world. which they strive, are not fluttering resumes and However, this critique should not be uniquely cover letters that are bind-able. levelled against Romney. Presently, binders are Just over two weeks ago, three dozen Americans making their rounds in the White House. These from Code Pink, a feminist anti-war activist group, binders contain profiles of Pakistanis, Afghanis, Ye- headed to Pakistan to join a protest against drones. menis and the occasional American. The crowd chanted, “Welcome, welcome.” The coAs Obama’s eyes scan the lines of biographical founder of Code Pink apologized for the American data and analyses, the life of the suspect and the government’s actions. fate other people in this candidate’s vicinity hang Like the teenager with shrapnel etched in the on the balance. The New York Times calls this stump that has replaced his right hand, some of Obama’s “kill list.” us have a tiny inkling of what is lost when we are On one hand, it is somewhat commendable bound by binders. that Obama has taken it on himself to personally endorse the extrajudicial killing of terrorist Jing Song Ng is a Trinity senior. His column runs suspects. The post-9/11 paranoia has rendered every other Tuesday. You can follow Jing on Twitter @ it quite politically infeasible to go soft on terror- jingapore.


THE CHRONICLE

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012| 11

commentaries

Hajj: an American story

Reclaiming myself

A

s you read these lines, millions of Muslims U.S. He never hid his intense anger and resentment in Mecca are going through various stages of toward the white race as he held them responsible their life-changing pilgrimage experience. for the unspeakable violations of human rights The billion and a half remaining Muslims who didn’t against black people that went on for centuries. go to Hajj this year are busying themselves in prepAmazingly, he came back from his Hajj journey as aration for Eid al-Adha, or “Festival of Sacrifice,” a new Malcolm. The transformational power of Hajj which marks the end of Hajj this coming Friday. Eid changed him, his convictions and his aspirations. He al-Adha is one of the two most important days of couldn’t wait until he got back to the U.S. to share celebration in the Islamic calendar. It this change with his followers. In his fais in many ways a Muslim Christmas, mous “Letter from Hajj” he informed for like Christmas it features joyful celhis followers about the unexpected but ebrations in all Muslim-majority sociirreversible changes that took place in eties. Duke’s Muslim community also his heart and mind as he went through has organized wonderful Eid events his spiritual journey at the holy sites that all are welcome to attend. of Islam. He expressed his immediate Hajj, the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecshock and surprise in the following ca that has been going on annually for abdullah antepli words: “Never have I witnessed such the last 1400 years, is one of the five pilsincere hospitality and overwhelming blue devil imam lars of Islam. It is a once-in-a-lifetime spirit of true brotherhood as is pracreligious duty that all Muslim women ticed by people of all colors and races and men of all ethnic and racial backgrounds yearn here in this ancient Holy Land, the home of Abrato complete, provided that they are able to do so. ham, Muhammad and all the other Prophets of the So, as part of this great Islamic tradition, millions of Holy Scriptures. For the past week, I have been utbelieving women and men are travelling to the holi- terly speechless and spellbound by the graciousness est sites of Islam, following in the footsteps of the I see displayed all around me by people of all colors patriarch Abraham, his pious and God-fearing wife ... from blue-eyed blondes to black-skinned Africans. Hagar and their son Ishmael. Muslims of all possi- But we were all participating in the same ritual, disble backgrounds, including thousands of American playing a spirit of unity and brotherhood that my Muslims, are performing Hajj at this very moment experiences in America had led me to believe never as they connect with one another in the oneness of could exist between the white and non-white.” humanity. Hajj is very often a powerful and transIn his powerful testimony, he told his fellow formational, mountaintop kind of experience for Americans what kind of Malcolm he would be upon people who take this daring journey. People often returning to the United States. “You may be shocked come back changed for the better, and strive harder by these words coming from me,” he wrote. “But on to live a more ethical and moral life. this pilgrimage, what I have seen, and experienced, Instead of what Hajj is or is not, I want to briefly has forced me to rearrange much of my thoughtreflect on what is to me one of the most powerful patterns previously held, and to toss aside some of Hajj stories that speaks to the heart and spirit of Hajj my previous conclusions. … Each hour here in the very eloquently. One American’s personal transfor- Holy Land enables me to have greater spiritual inmation through his Hajj experience changed the sights into what is happening in America between course of his personal history, and the history of his black and white. The American Negro never can be community, his country and beyond. I say “beyond” blamed for his racial animosities—he is only reactbecause I have heard this American Muslim’s mov- ing to four hundred years of the conscious racism ing Hajj story over and over again, and it has made of the American whites. But as racism leads America an impact on my life since my youth growing up in up the suicide path, I do believe, from the experiTurkey in the early 1980s. ences that I have had with them, that the whites of The charismatic and passionate leader of the Na- the younger generation, in the colleges and univertion of Islam, Malcolm X, took his Hajj journey in sities, will see the handwriting on the walls and many 1964 when the United States—then racially segre- of them will turn to the spiritual path of truth—the gated—was going through the extremely challeng- only way left to America to ward off the disaster that ing chapters of national racial tension and conflict. racism inevitably must lead to.” Malcolm left the then-segregated U.S. as one His entire letter is worth reading and reflecting of the most controversial and influential African- upon in this season of Hajj. It still sparks inspiration American leaders of that time. Even today, Malcolm and wisdom for us all. Post-Hajj Malcolm’s amazing is accused of having preached black supremacy, rac- impact on our recent history requires another colism and violence. His advocacy for total separation umn. For now, may we receive so many more transof black and white Americans put him in an entirely formed new Malcolms as thousands of American separate category from the other iconic leaders of Muslims return from their Hajj journey soon. civil rights movements. Pre-Hajj Malcolm passionately believed that blacks and whites could not live Abdullah Antepli is the Muslim Chaplain and an adtogether harmoniously and that non-violence was junct faculty of Islamic Studies. His column runs every not the way to achieve what he thought black Ameri- other Tuesday. You can follow Abdullah on Twitter @ cans deserved as equal but oppressed citizens of the aantepli.

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C

ultural imperialism was one of the first terms I learned at Duke. It was an integral layer within my global health seminar, the layer reminding our class that international service is yet one more vehicle for Westernization. The concept of cultural imperialism within service work was also reflected in my conversations with other Duke students. Volunteering in Africa now seemed trite and patronizing. I became hyper-aware of how I dialogued about my rajlakshmi de passions, using words like serminority report vice and development rather than “helping others.” Maybe that was the point of all the required readings on cultural imperialism in my seminar—to force me to think more critically about my international role—but I can’t help but wish there were more action and activism coupled with the increased amount of critical thinking. Westerners are not the only people fighting for social and economic justice. Two weeks ago, Taliban members in Pakistan shot 14-year-old Malala Yousufzai, a schoolgirl who was also an activist for girls’ education. In addressing the attack on Malala, a Taliban spokesman claimed his group was behind the shooting and said, “She was young but she was promoting Western culture.” Malala’s insistence on education for girls runs counter to the existing norms of her region. It’s counter to the desires of the Taliban, and maybe it’s even counter to the desires of the majority of people where she lives. By promoting girls’ education, Malala was seen as importing Westernization. In some ways, she was, since education is more prominent in developed areas of the world. The day before Malala was shot, a 14-year-old girl in Indonesia returned to school after being raped and held captive. During the flag ceremony on the day she returned to school, a staff member referenced the situation in a speech and said that the school “could no longer accept a student that has tarnished the school’s image.” A teacher also told the young girl to pack her things and leave. The school has since apologized, but not surprisingly, the girl has not gone back to school. She is surrounded by people who degraded her for being raped. Culture is inextricable to these stories, and I was reminded of the difficulty of acting within environments where I lack cultural competence, such as Pakistan or Indonesia. But I was also reminded of how enthusiastic I used to be about international service when I first arrived at Duke in the fall of 2009 and how hesitant I have become in the last three years. Whether I’m afraid of being a cultural imperialist, afraid others will see me as one or completely overwhelmed by the prospects of international work, I know that somehow I have become much more likely to feel disempowered when I hear stories involving people like Malala. I’m taking the time now to remind myself how interconnected I am with people in all parts of the world. I may not understand their experiences, but that should not, and does not, exempt me from being interconnected with them. I don’t know what I want to do next year, but I’m trying to be in touch with how I think the world should be and stop apologizing for wanting to make a change. There has to be a way to not tarnish the drive toward social and economic justice, to not dub it as always a white savior complex and to improve it through practical knowledge from our Duke experiences. In terms of going forward, I do think we should be having dialogues about cultural imperialism within service, but I don’t think we should be hesitating to act. I do want cultural traditions to remain distinct, but I don’t see a role for gender inequality, poverty or prejudice of any form within “cultural values.” There’s a separate culture that incorporates all of these pernicious facets—homophobia, rape, gender inequality, violence, racism, poverty, classism—but that’s a culture common to all regions and all countries. Our culture here at Duke doesn’t unequivocally support rape survivors. We’re bound up in systems that curtail women from being equal, whether it’s through workplace discrimination, gender roles or the lack of mentors. So when we’re fighting against this culture, whether at home or abroad, we’re not perpetuating Western dominance. Rather, we’re redefining ourselves. Rajlakshmi De is a Trinity senior. Her column runs every other Tuesday. You can follow Rajlakshmi on Twitter @RajDe4.


12 | TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2012

THE CHRONICLE



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October 23 - 29 EVENTS October 23 Talk. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The Rite of Spring and the Ballets Russes.â&#x20AC;? By Lynn Garafola, Dance Professor at Barnard College. 1:30-3:00pm, East Duke 209. Free October 24 Barbaralee Diamonstein-Spielvogel Visiting Filmmaker Series: A Conversation with Laura Poitras. 6pm, Nasher Museum Aud. Free. October 25 Art + Where Art & Math Intersect Lecture Series. Talk by C. Richard Johnson Jr. Mathematics studying Art. 7:30pm, Hudson Hall, Engineering School. Free. Duke Players Lab: Metamorphoses. By Mary Zimmerman. Directed by Lindsay Samuel. 8pm, Brody Theater, East Campus. Free. October 26 Duke Arts Festival Exhibition Opening. Student visual arts exhibit opens featuring works by Duke student artists. Thru November 4. Schaefer Mall, Bryan Center and Louise Jones Brown Gallery (upper level of the Bryan Center). Free. Master class & Performance: With Haitian Compagnie de Danse Jean-RenĂŠ Delsoin. Master class, Noon-1:30pm. Hull Ave. Dance Studio. Informal Performance followed by Q&A. 7pm, The Ark Dance Studio. Free. Family Weekend Showcase Concert. Duke Jazz Ensemble and Duke Djembe Ensemble with guest artist Wycliffe Gordon, trombone. 8pm, Page Aud. $5 Gen. Free for students & Sr. Citizens. Duke Players Lab. (See Oct. 25) 8pm. October 27 Master class. With HaitianCompagnie de Danse Jean-RenĂŠ Delsoin. 1pm-2:30pm, ADF Studios,721 Broad Street, Durham, NC. Free. Cohosted with the American Dance Festival and the Hayti Lab at Duke. Family Weekend Showcase Concert. Duke Chorale, Duke Symphony Orchestra, and Duke Wind Symphony. 8pm, Duke Chapel. $5 Gen., Free for students & Sr. Citizens. Exhibition Closing. Coney Island 40 Years. Center for Documentary Studies. Free. Duke Players Lab. (See Oct. 25) 2pm & 8pm. October 28 Duke Players Lab. (See Oct. 25) 2pm. October 29 2012 Duke Arts Festival Student Performances. duARTS, Jackie and Sam (violin duet), Ophelia and the Quantum Yonders (classic, folk, pop & rock), dupe (Duke University Percussion Ensemble) and Momentum Dance kick off a week-long series of student performances on both East and West campus. More info at arts. duke.edu/festival Book Talk: Strategic Scrapbooking. With Ellen Gruber Garvey, author of Writing with Scissors: American Scrapbooks from the Civil War to the Harlem Renaissance. 5pm, Rubenstein Library, Rare Book Room. Free. 2012 Duke Arts Festival Kicks off. Look for student performances on East and West Campus, inside and outdoors, all week long. Festival will run Thru November 4. Free. arts.duke.edu/festival

SCREEN/SOCIETY All events are free and open to the general public. Unless otherwise noted, screenings are at 7pm in the GrifďŹ th Film Theater, Bryan Center. (ED) = East Duke 108. (N) = Nasher Museum Auditorium. (SW) = Smith Warehouse - Bay 4, C105. (W) = Richard White Auditorium. 10/23

Robert Yeoman Retrospective: HOTEL CHEVALIER + THE DARJEELING LIMITED (35mm) AMI Showcase

10/24

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Memory Projectâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-Chinese Documentaries: LUO VILLAGE: ME AND REN DINGQI (7:30pm) Reception at 6:30pm; Q&A w/ Luo Bing, dir. Cine-East: East Asian Cinema.

10/25

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Memory Projectâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-Chinese Documentaries: SELF-PORTRAIT WITH THREE WOMEN (W) Screening w/ live dance performance, by Zhang Menqi, dir., (Q&A to follow) Cine-East: East Asian Cinema

10/26

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Memory Projectâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;-Chinese Documentaries: SATIATED VILLAGE (W), Q&A to follow w/ Zou Xueping, dir. Cine-East: East Asian Cinema

10/29

Japan Foundation Film Series: A STRANGER OF MINE (35mm) Cine-East: East Asian Cinema ami.duke.edu/screensociety/schedule

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1&&".%/0&.3/3)&04#,*$0"13*$*0"3*/.*2,*-*3&%3/234%&.322&,&$3&%#74+&".$&1/(1"%4+&0&1'/1-".$&2/1( This message is brought to you by the Department of Art, Art History and Visual Studies, Center for Documentary Studies, Chapel Music, Duke Dance Program, Duke Music Department, Duke Performances, Nasher Museum of Art, Duke University Libraries, Screen/Society, Department of Theater Studies with support from the OfďŹ ce of the Vice Provost for the Arts.

Oct. 23, 2012 issue of The Chronicle  

Tuesday, Oct 23, 2012 issue of The Chronicle

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