Turn to Page 2 for The Chronicle’s weekly election roundup
T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 2012
ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTH YEAR, ISSUE 17
Pathman and Cobb return with golds Duke falls to No. 1 Florida St. by Tim Visutipol THE CHRONICLE
While most Duke students were getting settled into the Fall semester here in Durham, junior Mollie Pathman and sophomore Kelly Cobb were in Japan representing the United States at the U-20 Women’s World Cup. The two returned to Duke with gold medals after the United States defeated Germany in the final 1-0 last Sunday. “They couldn’t get us off the field,” Cobb said. “We were celebrating, singing.” Cobb shared that “Don’t Wake Me Up” by Chris Brown was the team’s theme song during their experience and was played prominently in the post-victory celebrations. “Every time I hear that song it kind of gets me a bit teary eyed, because in the locker room after the game when we were getting our medals, that song played,” Cobb said. “Every time I hear that song I’ll remember that trip and those girls.” During the tournament, the United States scraped through the group stage on goal difference, before advancing past North Korea after extra time in the quarterfinals. The nervy start changed and the United States stepped up a gear and moved past Nigeria 2-0 in the semifinals. Cobb said the U.S. women’s national team’s recent success at the Summer Olympics was something the team tried to emulate. “We talked about it at some meetings SEE GOLDS ON PAGE 5
by Matt Pun THE CHRONICLE
Faculty leadership and engagement are critical in times of economic volatility, said Dean of Arts and Sciences Laurie Patton. Patton and Thomas Robisheaux, Fred E. Schaffer professor of history, convened the first meeting of Arts and Sciences council for the academic year Tuesday. They shared their visions for the year with council members and reflected on the challenges the University faces as it enters a new era of higher education. Patton also discussed Duke’s fiscal standing, presenting both optimistic and cautionary notes on the University’s current state. “We need to adapt our governance to meet the rapid changes upon [the University] and upon us,” said Robisheaux, who was instated as the council chair in May. “Landscape of higher education is changing across the country. It’s a time of challenges of funding, it’s a time where students and their families are anxious
Failing to find the offensive firepower that had propelled them to a 6-1 start, the No. 2 Blue Devils fell in their conference opener to the topranked team in the nation Thursday night. No. 1 Florida State (7-0, 1-0 in the ACC) recorded its fifth shutout in seven games as it defeated Duke (6-2, 0-1) 1-0 at the Seminole Soccer Complex in Tallahassee, Fla. before a capacity crowd of 2,300—the second-largest in Florida State women’s soccer history. “It was a great college soccer game, a great showcase for women’s soccer,” head coach Robbie Church said. “Two very good teams—unfortunately, we came out on the losing end.” The Blue Devils entered the match scoring 4.14 goals per game, the most in the nation entering the week. They could not find the answer against the Seminole defense, however. Despite racking up nine shots in the first period, Duke struggled to execute a final ball to challenge Florida State goalkeeper Kelsey Wys. “We’re an older, veteran team, and I thought we could have handled the opening half better,” Church said. For the Blue Devils, forward Kim DeCesare and midfielder Nicole Lipp started the game on the bench due to injuries sustained last week. Furthermore, after returning from the U-20 FIFA women’s World Cup in Japan earlier this week, midfielder Mollie Pathman rejoined her teammates on the pitch just half an hour prior to kickoff. “It’s not an ideal situation of course, but that’s part of it,” Church said. “Mollie had to go to class. She’s missed a lot of class, and I thought she played very well.” Although Pathman and DeCesare both entered the game around the 20-minute mark, they were unable to provide Duke with the instant offense to break the scoreless draw. And following a Blue Devil turnover, the Seminoles seized the first goal of the game and jumped out to a 1-0 lead in the 23rd minute as Jamia Fields ran onto a short Duke clearance and volleyed it into the top-left netting past goalkeeper Tara Campbell. “We didn’t get out well, and the girl finished it—did a great job of finishing it,” Church said. “She took it really well. There was nothing Tara could do with it at that point.” The Blue Devils could not find an answer to Fields’ goal before the end of the half and entered the break with a deficit for the first time this season. Looking for a comeback, Duke appeared to be the better team in the second period, Church said. In spite of the greater level of play and higher
SEE A&S ON PAGE 4
SEE W. SOCCER ON PAGE 8
ELYSIA SU/THE CHRONICLE
Two Duke soccer players—junior Mollie Pathman and sophomore Kelly Cobb—won first place in the U-20 Women’s World Cup in Japan Sunday as part of the United States team. The team beat Germany for the gold.
Robisheaux assumes role as Council chair by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE
EMILY YANG/THE CHRONICLE
Arts and Sciences Council Chair Thomas Robisheaux spoke to the body about his goals for the year and the challenges facing the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences as well as the University at large at the council’s first meeting of the year Thursday.
2 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 2012
Election 2012 THE POLLBOX
“[The first lady] is clearly a secondary role—neither Obama nor Romney are promising what the Clintons did, that is, a co-presidency promise. In that sense, it’s a more traditional norm for the role of first ladies.”
—Mac McCorkle, associate professor of public policy
Obama up 3 pt., Romney down 2 pt. since last week. DATA PROVIDED BY GALLUP AS OF 9/12
On the Docket
—Sept. 14: Romney will attend a rally at Lake Erie College in Ohio. —Sept. 17: Romney will begin receiving intelligence briefings from the Obama campaign. —Sept. 24: Obama will visit the United Nations in New York City.
“We see on our televisions that there are still threats in the world and we have to stay vigilant. That’s why we have to stay relentless in pursuing those who attacked us this week.” —President Barack Obama, Sept. 11, following the attacks on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, which led to the deaths of U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three other Americans. The attack came in the midst of protests throughout the Middle East against a video from the U.S. that depicts the Prophet Mohammad in a reportedly blasphemous manner.
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Sept. 13 —”We are going to bring those who killed our fellow Americans to justice,” Barack Obama said in a rally, referencing the recent attack on the U.S. Embassy in Libya.
Milwaukee, Wis. Sept. 11 —Paul Ryan pays homage to lives lost on 9/11, meeting with airmen and army first responders. “I came here to say thanks,” he said.
New York, N.Y.
Sept. 13 —Barack Obama’s campaign announces its newest fundraising tactic, raffling off a chance to have dinner with Jay-Z, Beyonce and Obama in New York City.
Sept. 9 —“Well, I’m not getting rid of all health care reform,” Mitt Romney said to NBC’s Meet the Press talk show that morning.
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DUKE IT OUT
The wives: Michelle Obama v. Ann Romney
With a convention speech that generated up to 28,003 tweets-perminute, Michelle Obama proved she is not simply a wife, but the first lady. Born in the South Side of Chicago, Obama attended public school before going to Princeton University and then Harvard Law School. She then worked in a Chicago law firm before joining the University of Michelle Obama Chicago as an associate dean. Obama has actively reached out to college students across the nation, encouraging them to become engaged in the important issues of today. “We know this election hangs in the balance,” she said in a phone conference with college students. “This is going to be the country that you all inherit, so we want you to be invested in it, and it starts now.” On the campaign trail, she highlights the president’s successes, like his work on Pell Grants and college affordability, health reform and rebuilding the economy. Obama appeals to a broader range of voters than Ann Romney, said Mac McCorkle, former Democratic political consultant and associate professor of public policy. Obama connects especially with younger and multicultural voters, he said, whereas Romney appeals to older voters. “Michelle acts and seems more hip and cool and young,” he said. In her speech, she reached out to the average American, pointing to the Obamas’ economically modest backgrounds. This resonated with many Americans, McCorkle said. “Michelle’s speech was successful in reviving what people remembered about Obama and what they liked so much about him,” he said.
On the campaign trail, Ann Romney puts a humanizing face on her presidential nominee husband of 43 years. A graduate of Brigham Young University, Romney is a stay-athome mom who devotes much of her time to charitable organizations that aid disadvantaged and troubled children. Ann Romney Some, such as Democratic strategist Hilary Rosen, have claimed Romney’s affluent economic background and career as a stay-at-home mom isolate her from most American women. “[She’s] never worked a day in her life,” Rosen said in April. “She’s never really dealt with the kinds of economic issues that a majority of women in this country are facing.” Romney responded with her first official tweet: “I made a choice to stay home and raise five boys. Believe me, it was hard work.” Rosen apologized for her remarks. The Romney family’s estimated worth is between $85 million and $264 million, with Mitt Romney as one of the 3,140 wealthiest individuals in the country. But Romney’s lack of economic challenges is tempered in the electorate’s mind by the medical challenges she has faced, McCorkle said. In 1998, Romney was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Romney may seem more distant than Michelle Obama to young voters, but she conforms to the more traditional image of a dignified first lady, McCorkle said. Although her convention speech was not as powerful as Obama’s, she successfully humanized her husband in the eyes of voters.
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Start Date: Sunday, September 16 For more information, visit: http://sites.duke.edu/writingpartners/ *Continue to schedule regular Face-to-Face or E-Tutor appointments at the Writing Studio online.
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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 2012 | 3
Researchers transmit Duke acquires John light like electricity Hope Franklin papers from Staff Reports by John Barker THE CHRONICLE
Using experiments designed by Duke engineers, a team of scientists from University College London and Imperial College London has explored the limits of transforming light waves into smaller electrical ones. Light can carry more information than electricity, but is impractical to use on a small scale. Because fiber optic cables are expensive and optical sensors are bulky, electrical signals are often preferable. A field called plasmonics allows light to be transmitted in the same way electrical signals are sent—for example, through a thin wire. “Photons are about 1,000 times the size of atoms – getting them to interact with atoms on a one-to-one basis is very impressive,” said Sir John Pendry, chair in theoretical solid state physics at Imperial College. “If you want to compress something that much, the engineering has to be pretty impressive.” Plasmonic systems are employed in new forms of small scale optical communication— such as lasers—and may have applications in some medical technologies, such as bioassays, which are experiments to determine the effect of particular substances on living organisms. In plasmonic systems, the clouds of electrons surrounding metal atoms behave like very small pockets of gas or plasma. The surfaces of the clouds are capable of carrying waves of energy like ripples across the surface of a pond. “When you hit an electron cloud with a photon, you create a surface wave called a plasmon, that you can focus with the right technology,” Pendry explained. “A plasmon is a sort of wobbling at the surface of an atom.” Similarly, it is far easier to transmit sound energy to the human brain by striking a drum to create pressure waves in the air, than to smash a drumstick directly into someone’s eardrum. Because the light energy is merely transferred into a sort of plasma wave, the electron clouds vibrate in the visible spectrum and carry the same information that photons would
have. Until now, however, it was not known how far such signals could be compressed. Although Pendry’s team was responsible for much of the theoretical work behind the project, Cristian Ciraci, a postdoctoral fellow at Duke’s Pratt School of Engineering, led a team of designers to create an especially accurate testbed for plasmonic systems that could be used to test the limits of photon-electron interactions. “When you work with systems on the scale of a few fractions of a nanometer, it’s very hard to get precise control,” he said. His team designed a system that uses various lengths of carbon chains to suspend single gold atoms a certain distance above extremely thin gold foil. Compounds of differing length were reacted with the gold to control the spacing between the metal atoms. Photons could then be directed between these two gold surfaces to create a plasmonic wave. Their results were revealing, Ciraci said. “The response of your material is basically proportional to the strength of its electric field,” he said. “When you use a plasmonic system to squeeze the light into this tiny area, you have to keep the electrons from repelling each other.” If the two metallic atoms are too close together, their electron clouds push with such force on one another that they overlap and block the wave. “We now have a means of assessing the limitations of plasmonics, since the more advanced response of the electrons in the metal is ultimately what will define the field enhancement obtainable from a nanoparticle system,” David R. Smith, director of the lab in which Ciraci conducted his research, wrote in an email Thursday. But despite this discovery of a limit on plasmonic systems, Smith remains optimistic. “There may be much more in these systems to exploit. We are looking forward to seeing if we can unlock more phenomena from this new understanding,” Smith, William Bevan professor of electical and computer engingeering, said.
Duke has obtained more than 300 boxes of documents and other materials belonging to respected historian, civil rights leader and professor John Hope Franklin, the University announced Thursday. This contribution follows a donation by Franklin of his personal papers in 2003. John and Karen Franklin, the late historian’s son and daughter-in law, donated these documents to the University, which will complete the library archive of the esteemed public scholar. Franklin is celebrated as a founder in the field of African and African American studies and as a passionate professor at the University, while playing a critical role in civil rights movement. He is known best for his groundbreaking book “From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African-Americans” and for his guidance in race relations as chair of President Bill Clinton’s Advisory Board on Race. A recipient of more than 100 honorary degrees, Franklin participated in the legendary march led by Martin Luther King, Jr. in addition to working with Thurgood Marshall on the Brown v. Board of Education case. “John Hope Franklin always wanted his papers to have an academic home where they would get into the hands of students and scholars quickly,” his son John W. Franklin said in a press release. “He wanted to make sure that they would be used. We found such a home for his papers in the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library of the Duke Libraries, with a dedicated staff to care for the collection.” The papers, comprised of diaries, correspondence, manuscripts of writings and speeches, awards and honors, extensive research files, photographs and videographs, will be available for research after conservation review and archival processing are complete. The collection also includes materials that outline the Franklin’s family personal story, which includes their personal involvement with the civil rights struggle in
SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE
Duke recently acquired more than 300 boxes of material belonging to civil rights leader and former professor John Hope Franklin. Tulsa, Okla. The large addition will be housed in the John Hope Franklin Center for African and African American History and Culture. Part of the David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library, the center opened its doors in 1995 in honor of the prominent scholar. Franklin died in 2009 in Durham of congestive heart failure. He was 94. Deborah Jakubs, Rita DiGiallonardo Holloway University librarian and vice provost for library affairs, noted in the release that the papers will serve as a significant resource for a variety of interests. “John Hope Franklin was the epitome of the public intellectual—deeply engaged with the issues of his time and yet personally down-to-earth,” she noted. “ We are grateful to the Franklin family for placing his papers here at Duke, his intellectual home for so long.” The University libraries will commemorate the papers with a reception on Sept. 14. The event will be open to the public.
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4 | FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 2012
A&S from page 1 of the cost of education and perhaps an uncertainty of the future once they leave the University.” He noted that universities, such as Duke, have a global imperative to promote innovative teaching, adding that new technologies such as online learning introduce new opportunities as wells as pitfalls. “Is the council prepared to meet these challenges? Not as well as we would like,” Robisheaux noted. The council meetings, he said, are not merely places for the mundane work, but should become a forum for robust discussion of new initiatives—a place where faculty members can frankly assess new and existing programs and ideas.
“Our goal is to make the council and the arts and sciences committees better positioned to take up new ideas, improve upon them and really make them happen,” he said. Although the University is still “in the woods” financially, Patton noted that the University balanced its budget in April, determining a method to finance all of the institution’s programs and faculty. Four main challenges have offset the University’s financial standing in the past few months: the underperforming endowment, the less-than-expected amount of grants for some departments, the increasing demand for financial aid and fewer retirements among faculty, Patton added. Although numbers are continually shifting, she noted that the demand for financial aid is growing at almost twice the rate that tuition is increasing.
“We will always spend more than we are comfortable with in order to hire dynamically as we want and need to hire. But in this environment, we need to be both strategic and visionary,” Patton wrote in an email following the meeting. In terms of grants, the Pratt School of Engineering, comprised of 125 engineering faculty, reaped $71 million in awards in the 2011-12 school year while the 250 natural sciences faculty of Trinity garnered $73 million in awards, Patton said. In the social sciences, new methods of research and teaching have been implemented, namely the new “flipped” gateway courses in Economics and the Education and Human Development Initiative—a collaboration between the social sciences and natural sciences, she said. “Revenue can no longer be a dirty
word in the academy,” Patton said. “What we need to think about is creating value for knowledge. I think we can do this while at same time maintaining academic standards that are the hallmark of a Duke education.” Patton also emphasized the ongoing conversation on race at Duke. There will be a focus on three different principles related to race this year— first, the generational differences in how people experience racial and ethnic identity, second, involving the community in discussions about race and difference and third, stories about race at Duke that need to be uncovered and told, she said. She added that responses to these themes for the 2012-13 year include the an advisory council on race and difference at Duke, which will be created in the Fall.
Gearing up to give
RITA LO/THE CHRONICLE
Students sign up for various programs at the volunteer fair that took place in the Bryan Center Thursday.
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