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The Chronicle




Marketplace workers hope to secure summer hours


Brown, Swain, Waldt in the race for DSG president by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE

is one of two changes HDRL recently posed to the summer work schedule of Marketplace employees. A policy that would have decreased Marketplace staff during the summer months has been scrapped following a petition and input from workers. HDRL and union representatives are still, however, negotiating how employees’ hours will be changed for the summer sessions. Marketplace employee Stanley Lyons said that senior

Three students will compete next week for the position of Duke Student Government president. Juniors Chris Brown, Alex Swain and Strat Waldt are running to succeed senior Pete Schork as DSG president. Sophomore Patrick Oathout, senator for athletics, services and the environment, is running unopposed for executive vice president, the position currently held by junior Gurdane Bhutani. The election is April 12. The remainder of the DSG executive board, which includes the DSG committee vice presidents, will be elected April 23. These elections have historically coincided with the presidential election but were postponed this year because of an atypically low number of candidates, Schork said. As for the presidential race, Schork said he is pleased with the three candidates, noting their wide range of perspectives and experiences. Brown, who currently serves as DSG’s external chief of staff, said he is running for the position of president because he wants to make the Duke experience the best it can be. “I’m running for president because I love this place, I love Duke,” Brown said. “I have the leadership, experience and passion to make a difference for Duke next year.” In the last year, Brown has worked to finish bike lane renovations, which led to national recognition for Duke as a bicycle-friendly campus. He also worked on developing Tailgate’s replacement.




Some Marketplace employees are circulating a petition because their summer work hours are not what they expected. by Marianna Jordan THE CHRONICLE

Ongoing discussions between Housing, Dining and Residence Life, workers union Local 77 and Marketplace employees about summer work hours have left dining staff confused and frustrated due to a lack of communication. Marketplace workers will no longer work during the period between the end of final exams and the start of the first summer session, said Rick Johnson, assistant vice president for housing and dining. This

Team-based Nicolelis’ ‘revolution’ could aid paralytics learning enhances medical training by Danielle Muoio THE CHRONICLE

A monkey sauntered on a treadmill in Durham and half-way across the world a robot sprang into motion. Sitting cross-legged in his office chair, Dr. Miguel Nicolelis holds the tiny chip that both connected these two acts and landed him a spot on John Stewart’s “The Daily Show” in March. The chip is called a brain-machine interface—a term he coined himself— and it records and relays neural activity in the monkey’s brain to move a robot in Japan. This research could one day enable paralytics to walk using a robotic suit operated by the mind. “It is the big revolution that was created here— in this lab that we are still in today,” said Nicolelis, who is the co-director of the Duke Center for Neuroengineering and Anne W. Deane professor of neurobiology and associate professor of biomedical engineering. Although Nicolelis performed his first experiments on rats, he made a major breakthrough in 2000 when

by Tiffany Lieu THE CHRONICLE

To remain competitive in medical education, Duke Medicine has adopted an integrative and collaborative learning method originally applied in Singapore. Team Learn, Engage and Develop—a program currently in its seventh year at Duke University-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School—is finishing its first full-fledged year at the School of Medicine in Durham. TeamLEAD is a learning model that deviates from traditional lecture-based medical education by using more interactive methods, such as working in small groups and conducting learning outside of the classroom. Despite some criticism surrounding the program, administrators NIHIR PATEL/THE CHRONICLE


Howe discusses American Indian spirituality, Page 3

Dr. Miguel Nicolelis has made strides in neuroengineering research.


“Do I dare tell the administration they probably made a huge miscalculation in their formation of the house model...?” —Harry Liberman in “How you remind me.” See column page 14.


Duke tennis to take on Florida schools, Page 10

2 | FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012



Passover retreats designed to tempt modern Jewish family

Suffering is a key theme in the biblical story of Passover, and for Orthodox Jews the concept can endure during the eight-day holiday, when kosher rules mandate scrubbing, boiling and schlepping to exile every crumb of anything breadlike. Every pot, pan and utensil is replaced with a Passover set. Then starts the work of cooking the multi-course ritual meals for friends and family. “I like to say, ‘God freed the men, not the women,’ “ Chana Lehman of Silver Spring, Md., said of the holiday’s narrative of Jews leaving slavery in Egypt. Cruise ship nightclubs and hotel conference rooms have been converted into seder spaces. Rabbis have blessed special boundary markers, usually meant for Orthodox neighborhoods, around resorts. The retreats,most of which have appeared over the past 15 years or so, lure people with golf, religious singers and mentalists along with lectures on Israel and parenting.





at Duke...

Passover The Jewish holiday of Passover begins at sundown Friday, April 6th and concludes at sundown Saturday, April 14th.

Tree Campus USA—Tree planting East Campus gazebo, 10 a.m.-1 p.m. Come plant a tree and celebrate year four of Duke University being a Tree Campus USA School.

Good Friday service

Bout sentenced to 25 years Mexican drug cartel enforcer in prison for weapons plot sentenced to life in prison NEW YORK — Viktor Bout, the international arms dealer convicted in November of conspiracy for plotting to sell weapons to a Colombian terrorist group, was sentenced to 25 years in prison Thursday, the minimum term he faced.

A Mexican drug cartel leader who is tied to 1,500 killings in the United States and Mexico, including the execution of a U.S. consulate worker in Ciudad Juarez, was sentenced to life in prison Thursday in a federal court in El Paso.

Duke Chapel, 12-1 p.m. The Rev. Charles Campbell, professor of homiletics, leads a Good Friday service.

“Divas, Darlings and Dames: Women in Broadway Musicals of the 1960s” Link classroom 5, Perkins Library, 2-3 p.m. Lecture in conjunction with “Ragtime,” the musical, students. —from


Every act of creation is first an act of destruction. — Pablo Picasso

on the



1917: US enters World War I.

“Sophomore Matt Berezo underwent surgery earlier this week to repair a broken tibia and will miss the rest of the season, the team announced [Apr. 4]. The infielder has started 20 of Duke’s 30 games this season, hitting .281 with an on-base percentage of .360 and a slugging percentage of .382.” — From The Blue Zone

on the


Drop of Water is a Grain of Gold Day Turkmenistan


The Porsche GT3 Cup car cannot be legally driven on streets. Rather it can be found competing in some of the world’s most prestigious racing events and can be driven at Porsche’s driving school in Alabama.

National Tartan Day U.S.A.

Chakri Day Thailand

The Center for Latin American & Caribbean Studies

#3 Duke WOMEN’S TENNIS Today at 3 p.m. vs. #5 Miami Free Domino’s Pizza!


The Center for International Studies Present:


An Evening With The Ambassador


Former U.S. Ambassador to Venezuela and one of the State Department’s most senior Latin Americanists, Patrick Duddy, discusses democracy, trade, and energy policy in the Americas.

Energy Policy In The Americas AMBASSADOR PATRICK DUDDY

Saturday at 11 a.m. vs. FSU Free Chick-fil-A! Ambler Outdoor Tennis Stadium

April 11, 2012 4:30 - 6:00 PM




FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 3

Howe speaks on culture, Most US stocks decline spirituality of Lakota tribe as commodities gain by Alejandro Bolívar THE CHRONICLE

Despite exile and alienation, American Indian spirituality is alive and well on tribal land, said Craig Howe, director of the Center for American Indian Research and Native Studies. Howe, a member of the Oglala Sioux tribe at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota, discussed the importance that sacred land holds for the Lakota people in a lecture titled “Sacred Places, Public Policy and American Indians” Thursday in the West Duke Building. Because American Indians have lived in North America for more than 14,000 years, they have more experience with the land than other cultural groups, Howe said, adding that spirituality and the land are inseparable. “If Lakota spirituality made it through to this day, it can make it another 200 years and flourish again,” Howe said. But this mindset is different from that of white settlers keen on obtaining cheap land, he said. As a result of broken treaties, American Indians lost ownership of much of the land they once possessed, including the Black Hills of South

Dakota—known to the Sioux people as “He Sapa” and considered to be the center of the universe. Many religious landmarks of American Indians, including Devils Tower in Wyoming, are under the care of the National Park Service. American

Indians are still allowed to worship within these sites but do not have exclusive rights over them. During the event, Howe showed clips from “In the Light of Reverence,” a 2001


Craig Howe, director of the Center for American Indian Research and Native Studies, discussed Lakota spirituality and culture at the West Duke Building.









6:00 pm Light Reception 6:30 pm screening of Matewan

6:30 pm Light reception 7:00 pm screening of Sunshine State



Center for Documentary Studies Lyndhurst House 1317 W. Pettigrew Street Durham, NC 27705


Levine Science Research Center Research Drive Duke West Campus

6:30 pm Light reception 7:00 pm screening of Amigo

GRIFFITH FILM THEATER Bryan University Center Science Drive, Duke West Campus


MEET THE FILMMAKER 2 P.M. APRIL 21 Independent Filmmaker and Storyteller


Photo by Mary Cybulski

A reception and book signing will be held immediately following the event in the Duke Blue Express Café.

VISIT NICHOLAS.DUKE.EDU/LEAF FOR INFORMATION Sponsored by the Nicholas School of the Environment, the Center for Documentary Studies, and the Program in the Arts of the Moving Image.

by Michael Regan and Lu Wang BLOOMBERG NEWS

NEW YORK — Most U.S. stocks fell for a third day while commodities halted a two-day slump as investors weighed optimism about the American job market with renewed concern over Europe’s debt crisis. Treasuries gained while the euro weakened for a fourth day against the dollar. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index lost 0.1 percent to close at 1,398.08 at 4 p.m. in New York after dropping as much as 0.4 percent, while about four U.S. companies fell for every three that rose on U.S. exchanges. The Stoxx Europe 600 Index increased 0.1 percent, reversing a 0.9 percent tumble. Ten-year Treasury note yields slipped five basis points to 2.18 percent after declining as much as nine points earlier. Silver, lead and nickel led commodities higher. Canada’s dollar rallied after a report showed employers added the most jobs since 2008. U.S. jobless claims dropped to the lowest level in four years, a day before a Labor Department report that is projected by economists to show the nation added more than 200,000 jobs for a fourth straight month. Concern about Europe’s debt crisis deepened as French borrowing costs increased at an

8.44 billion euro ($11 billion) auction, while Spanish bonds fell for a third day amid growing concern that the nation will follow Greece, Portugal and Ireland in requiring an international bailout. “You have, certainly, improvement in the labor market in the U.S. but every once in a while we got reminded there still remain problems in Europe,” said Greg Woodard, a portfolio strategist at Manning & Napier in Fairport, N.Y. “The volatility is going to continue. It’s going to be choppy.” Alcoa and General Electric lost at least 1.3 percent to help lead losses in the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which slipped 14.61 points to 13,060.14. Bed Bath & Beyond rose as the retail-chain operator’s fourth-quarter profit beat estimates. The S&P 500 slipped 0.7 percent this week, the biggest of only three weekly losses this year, after the Federal Reserve signaled reluctance to embark on another round of asset purchases unless the economic recovery falters or inflation is less than its 2 percent target. The index may fall as much as 5 percent to 7 percent before rebounding, according to hedge fund manager Barton Biggs. SEE STOCKS ON PAGE 16

4 | FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012

TEAM from page 1 reported that the Durham program was a success and plan to continue it next year. Dr. Robert Kamei, vice dean of education at DukeNUS, noted that he is pleased with the integration of the program in Durham. “As we watched the students use the learning method, we were floored by the high level of classroom discussion,” Kamei wrote in an email Thursday. The purpose of TeamLEAD is to simulate the field of medicine in the real world by having students learn in collaborative environments and apply learned knowledge to solve complex scenarios, said Dr. Ranga Krishnan, executive vice dean of Duke-NUS. The model stresses application over sheer memorization. “Every day you come into class is a high stakes day,” he said. “You are arguing and debating the material— you learn much better because you are reinforcing the learning.” As part of the new method, students are expected to learn the material beforehand and come to class prepared to collaborate with their peers and answer difficult questions. In class, students first take a test using a clicker—a system that allows professors to gauge how well the class and individuals understand the concepts. The class then divides into groups to discuss the test questions and solve a complex issue, Krishnan said. The program has been successful in Singapore, where students are performing beyond expectations on standardized U.S. licensing assessments, Dr. Edward Buckley, vice dean of medical education at the medical school, Free Wifi

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wrote in an email Thursday, Kamei commended the administration’s initiative to examine current teaching methods and implement changes for the benefit of students. “The simple act of re-examining what [medical school professors] were doing as educators is very healthy and makes this initial venture a success,” Kamei said. Still, some faculty members expressed reservations that medical school faculty have not been thoroughly consulted. “A lot of the faculty that actually teach in the medical school don’t even know what TeamLEAD means,” said Dr. Mariano Garcia-Blanco, professor of molecular genetics and microbiology. “They feel like they’re being kept in the dark—this is not fair for the people who are actually doing the teaching.” The success TeamLEAD has had in Singapore does not necessarily translate to success for the medical school, given the vastly different institutional circumstances, Garcia-Blanco added. Duke launched the program when Duke-NUS was in its beginning stages and had no pre-established curriculum. When TeamLEAD was implemented in Durham, the medical school faced the additional challenge of integrating new methods into a system that had been ongoing for many years, he added. Kamei noted that the program deviates from traditional teaching and may pose a steep learning curve on faculty. “We were fortunate to have experienced educators working on TeamLEAD and a group of students who understood not only why this was a better way to learn, but courageous enough to bear with us as we worked out the kinks,” he said. Moving forward, administrators are developing ways to improve the pre-class learning resources for students, Kamei said. They will provide mobile and electronic systems for students to consolidate and personalize their learning. Administrators plan to partner faculty, students and residents in both Singapore and Durham to create an open resource of learning materials that will benefit not only the program, but also medical students around the world. “Medicine is changing so fast that it is not about the knowledge as much as it is about the ‘thinking,’” Buckley said. “We need to teach our future doctors how to get information, analyze data and formulate solutions to problems that don’t have obvious answers.”

LAKOTA from page 3 documentary that focuses on legal and ethical disputes between American Indians and groups such as mining companies, New Age practitioners and rock climbers. Howe noted a scene where some people accused American Indians of exaggerating the holy nature of an area in an effort to seize the land. He said he considered that mentality more reflective of the 1950s or 1960s than of the early 21st century. Howe added that mistreatment of American Indians goes beyond the loss of their territory. For instance, many refer to the Lakota as “Sioux,” which comes from a French word for “little snakes.” Similarly, American Indian holy sites are not identified by their native names, but instead by different English interpretations. Discrimination against American Indians also extends to the realm of public policy, Howe added. “The United States wanted the Lakota to be dependent on the United States, and they got away with it— that’s not the Lakota culture,” he said. “The Lakotas don’t want to be dependent on the government.” Poverty is rampant across American Indian reservations in the state. According to the 2000 census, four of the five poorest counties in the nation contained reservations. Howe said he believes the federal government has a responsibility to help American Indians and that his people will eventually prosper. “We have gone through the worst the United States’ government can do—I hope,” Howe said. Mindy Miller, administrative assistant for the vice provost for the Office of Interdisciplinary Studies, said she had not previously heard of American Indians’ belief in a hopeful future. “There wasn’t a lot of new information, but to hear it in the voice of someone who lives it... was very special,” she said. Lou Brown, education and outreach associate at the Kenan Institute for Ethics, noted that the event is an exploration in cross-cultural moral dilemmas and the interaction of value systems. The event was organized by the Kenan Institute.



DSG from page 1 Brown is well-connected with administrators and has utilized his relationships to deliver on projects for students, Schork said. Swain, who currently serves as vice president for Durham and regional affairs, said the DSG president needs to be an advocate who engages the student body with decision making. “I’ve loved all the experiences I’ve had here, but I don’t necessarily like the relationship between DSG and the student body,” Swain said. “We can engage more with students.” Swain said her biggest accomplishment in the past year was creating a petition that collected more than 1,300 signatures in support of an on-campus early voting site for the May primary. She has also helped facilitate rides to municipal election polls and serves as a co-chair of the House Model Year Two and Beyond committee. Swain is one of the most dedicated and organized members of the executive board, Schork said, adding that she has a strong record of student advocacy. Waldt, who currently serves as a senator for residential life and dining, said he has spent the past year developing the relationships and experiences to be a successful DSG president. “I want to improve this school for students,” Waldt said. “I want to lead this school, knowing that it’s been better having done that.” Waldt has worked throughout the past year on rewriting housing bylaws and making them more lenient to student groups. He also served as DSG director of student outreach during the 2010-2011 academic year. Schork said Waldt thinks critically about how DSG can improve—a quality necessary for a successful DSG president. Oathout, who currently serves as a senator for athletics, services and the environment, is the only candidate running for executive vice president. He said he is running for the position, which he ran for last year, because it will be a great way to give back to Duke. “I was very rules-focused last year,” Oathout said. “In having this additional year, you can see how I’ve grown. I’ve served on [a committee of] the Board of Trustees, interacted with administrators and expanded student services.

FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 5

This additional year has given me more experience and has changed the way I view the EVP role.” Schork said he is certain that Oathout will succeed as executive vice president, which is a position that Schork held as a junior. “Patrick is a phenomenal innovator and organizer,” Schork said. “He will do a great job managing DSG’s internal workings through this organizational structure shift into next year. He will also help all of DSG do a better job of executing on our vision.” Candidates identified the implementation of next year’s house model and the future West Union Building renovations as the top issues that they would most likely deal with if elected DSG president. “I’d like to see DSG take on more initiatives to bolster our sense of community on campus,” Schork said. “Whether this means advocating for our new tailgating plan, helping refine the house model, coordinating student input on the West Union Building or critiquing enforcement of party

policies, I think DSG can and should work toward a cohesive vision of community building.” The Senate will be elected in conjunction with the vice presidents of DSG committees April 23. The postponement of the committee vice presidents election is due to a low number of candidates and a need for more time to explain the new committee structure to potential candidates, Schork said. “It indicated to us that we needed to better publicize the deadline and also better explain our new structure to the public,” Schork said. “We’re in the process of doing that in advance of the deadline.” The new committee structure was approved March 22. Under the new structure, there are seven DSG committees: facilities and the environment; social culture; residential life; services; equity and identity affairs; academic affairs; and Durham and regional affairs. In the old structure, there were only five committees. The reorganization is meant to better centralize relevant issues and areas of the student experience.


Juniors Chris Brown, Alex Swain and Strat Waldt are competing for the position of DSG president. Elections take place April 12.

6 | FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012


MARKETPLACE from page 1 employees typically are on a transition crew that cleans and makes adjustments to the Marketplace before summer programming begins. “Employees were on the payroll last year, and this year there will be no work available for them during this period,” Johnson said. “There were people in the payroll, and this didn’t seem to be the best use of student money, so the question that we have been dealing with is how to best work around that.” Johnson noted that discussions surrounding how to best handle this roughly two-week interim period, when there is “no meaningful work” for employees, have been going on for three years with Local 77. “I am not too upset by the changes in work hours for this summer because I could use a vacation sometimes,” said Edward Alston, who has been a Marketplace employee for eight years. “But people are upset because it’s the income that we’re missing.... We all have bills to be paid.” Negotiations regarding summer hours for Marketplace workers are ongoing. Johnson noted that he could not discuss specifics of the union negotiations. It is unclear whether or not the negotiations apply to all Local 77 workers on campus, who work in dining, housekeeping and facilities management. Local 77 could not be reached for comment. Some Marketplace employees said that there has been a lack of communication between dining staff and HDRL throughout this process. “Nobody from Dining has had an official meeting with [the Marketplace staff] to explain these changes,” Lyons

said. “We have been told by the union representatives that these changes are going to happen.” Johnson said that although he does not believe that there is a disconnect between his office and the dining staff at the Marketplace, there is always room to improve. “The Marketplace employees rely on the union for most of their communication,” Johnson said. “As is the case with every organization, there can always be better communication in order to work together.” Johnson met with Marketplace staff to discuss the policies Thursday. Director of Dining Services Robert Coffey said he could not comment until all negotiations are completed. Vernessa Harrington, who has worked as a Marketplace employee for 14 years, said that HDRL recently notified employees that junior employees would be out of work for the entirety of the summer. Lyons said the proposed change in the summer workforce was tabled likely due to student input. The original change stated that recently hired staff workers would be employed for nine months instead of 12 months, cutting out the summer for these workers. As a result of these pending changes, Marketplace employees circulated a petition to improve the transparency of this process and help the employees regain work hours. Alston noted that several students, including freshman men’s basketball player Quinn Cook, have been receptive to the demands of dining staff. “I was more than happy to support [the dining staff at the Marketplace],” freshman Emelyn Erickson added. Cook declined to comment.

Maundy Thursday


Dean of the Duke Chapel Sam Wells delivers communion at the Chapel on Maundy Thursday.

ACC Series at Jack Coombs Field

Duke Baseball vs. Clemson Tigers Friday, April 6th at 6pm* *Inferno Event *Duke Baseball T-shirts for first 100 students

Saturday, April 7th at 2pm Sunday, April 8th at 1pm All Three Games Will Be Played at Jack Coombs Field Located on the Duke West Campus

April 6 - 7, 2012

John Hope Franklin Center D U K E


Black Thought 2.0 will focus on the roles of digital technology and social media in furthering the mission of Black Studies. The conference will specifically explore how scholars are using technologies to further their research, do collaborative forms of scholarship and activism, and to reach broader audiences.

[for detailed schedule visit]

Friday, April 6 "Black Futures: Doing Black Studies in a Connected World." S. Craig Watkins (University of Texas at Austin, author The Young & the Digital) John Hope Franklin Center | Room 240 Keynote Address - 7:00 pm Introduced by Wahneema Lubiano Associate Chair of African & African American Studies, Duke University

Saturday, April 7 Panel #1 9-10:15 am // The Chocolate Supa Highway: Precursors to Black Social Media Noon-1:15 pm // Working Lunch—Social Media Demonstration Panel #2 10:30-11:45 am // On the Grid: Teaching and Researching in the Digital Age Panel #3 1:30-2:45 pm // From Jena Louisiana to Tahrir Square: Activism in the Age of Social Media Panel #4 3:00-4:30 // The Twitterati and Twitter-gentsia: Social Media and Public Intellectuals


Office of the Provost

African & African American Studies

Hashtag: #BT2Duke Twitter: AAASConference



for Interdisciplinary & International Studies


FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 7

Blue Devil LIVING

8 | FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012


Blue Devil LIVING Place at South Square

Only Minutes to Duke

Starbucks Coffee Bar

Two Swimming Pools

Doggie “Bark� Park

Two Fitness Centers

Kitchen Cabana

Business Center/Cyberlounge

Grill, Fireplace, TV

Valet Waste Service

Private Screening Room


Home Sweet Home!


FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 9

Spring 2011

It’s A Great Time to Buy a Home!

First Mortgages, Second Mortgages, Refinancing, Home Equity Lines of Credit, Land Loans



The Chronicle


FRIDAY April 6, 2012

Get an at-a-glance preview of the Duke teams in action this weekend. PAGE 12 It’s recruiting season for basketball and football. The Blue Zone has all the latest.





Men travel south for crucial ACC matches by Paul Pisani THE CHRONICLE

With two weeks remaining in the ACC season, the race for the top seeds in the conference tournament is beginning to take shape. Virginia and Florida State, both unbeaten in the conference, stand tied for first, with North Carolina and Duke knotted in second place with one loss apiece. Four No. 7 matches remain beDuke tween that quartet of top teams, includat Florida ing two contests that involve Duke. State The first of those FRIDAY, 3 p.m. will take place this Speicher Tennis Center weekend, as the No. 7 Blue Devils (16-3, 5-1 in the ACC) take No. 7 a three-match win Duke streak south to the at Sunshine State for a date with the SemiMiami noles (16-4, 7-0) today. Two days later, SUNDAY, 12 p.m. Duke will travel Schiff Tennis Center even further toward the Equator to take on Miami (8-8, 1-6) on Easter Sunday. The Blue Devils have several areas in which they seek to improve prior to the postseason, and each match becomes crucial as an opportunity to get better. Particularly concerning has been the Blue Devils’ lack of consistency in doubles play. “We’re looking at a couple things with our singles, but doubles has been the main focus,” head coach Ramsey Smith said. “We’ve been working extremely hard on our doubles. It’s been sort of our Achilles’ heel all year long.” Smith said that improvement has been noticeable, however, in the wake of a loss to then-No. 3 Virginia two weeks ago. Since the hard-fought 4-3 defeat at the hands of the Cavaliers, Duke has dropped

just one singles match over the course of three victories against Virginia Tech, Clemson and Georgia Tech. “We played well against Virginia,” Smith said. “I think that match really motivated us. We’ve been playing pretty consistently in our last three matches.” One of this weekend’s two matches appears to be another chance for Duke to dominate, but although the Hurricanes’ 1-6 conference record seems unimposing, they are 7-2 at home and lead the historical series with Duke 22-16. Florida State should prove to be the truer test for Smith and his team. The Seminoles possess a 12-1 record at home and may have an extra spark as they honor their lone departing senior, Jason Zafiros. “Florida State can be a tough place to play,” Smith said. “It’s senior day. It’s their house. They’re going to come out ready. We want to make sure we’re fresh, eager, and ready to go tomorrow.” Although Smith knows the dangers of going on the road in the ACC, Florida State’s superior record may be misleading. The Seminoles do not hold a top-25 ranking because they have yet to play any of the other top four teams in the conference, and no Florida State singles player or doubles team is ranked among the top 125. Also, despite their Florida opponents’ strong home records, the Blue Devils have proven themselves on the road. The team’s only loss away from Sheffield Tennis Center this season was to top-ranked Southern California at the ITA National Team Indoor Championships in Charlottesville, Va. “We’re excited about this match,” Smith said. “They’re undefeated in the ACC, they’re 7-0, right there at the top with Virginia. It’s a great opportunity for us to make a mark on the ACC and take down one of the top teams at their place.”

Women glad to be home after road trips by Hunter Nisonoff THE CHRONICLE

After three weeks of road conference matches, the Blue Devils return to their home court this weekend to take on two ACC opponents. At 3:00 p.m. today, No. 3 Duke (17-2, 6-0 ACC) will face off against the team atop the conference standings, No. 7 Miami (16-1, 7-0), at No. 7 Ambler Tennis StaMiami dium. Sunday the vs. Blue Devils will play host to another SunNo. 3 shine State oppoDuke nent, Florida State FRIDAY, 3 p.m. (11-6, 4-3). Ambler Tennis Stadium Head coach Jamie Ashworth said that the Blue Devils’ homeFlorida court advantage will State prove crucial against vs. two dangerous ACC No. 3 foes. Duke has been Duke on the road for its last five matches, visiting SATURDAY, 11 a.m. three different states. Ambler Tennis Stadium “The biggest thing is the travel part of it, just to not have to do that and to have an extra day of rest and preparation,” Ashworth said. “We can be as fresh as we have been in a long time.” The five wins that came from the recent road trips have solidified Duke as a top ACC contender, but the Blue Devils are still acclimating to a revamped doubles lineup, and today’s opponent Miami reigns at the top of the ACC standings as one of three teams still unbeaten in conference play. Although today’s play will be pivotal in deciding the regular-season conference championship, the Blue Devils remain more focused on the match itself than on its potential consequences. “To me it is just another match,” Ashworth said. “We just want to keep building and we are only looking at that.”

Miami extended its winning streak to 14 Wednesday with a 5-2 win over Fresno State, but will be looking to get back on track in doubles after dropping the doubles point to the Bulldogs. No. 18 Anna Bartenstein, the Hurricanes’ No. 1 singles player, also suffered an upset at the hands of Fresno State’s Marianne Jodoin, and while Duke will take an extra day of rest playing at home, Miami will have a quick turnaround after playing just two days ago in Coral Gables. Regardless of the outcome today, Ashworth stresses that the team will need to be ready to play with energy Sunday, when the Seminoles visit Durham. Although the Seminoles have remained out of the top 25 since February, Ashworth said that he believes them to be better than their current ranking. Riding a five-match win streak, they have climbed nine spots in the ITA rankings, from No. 40 to No. 31. Duke, on the other hand, remains in the top five for the 23rd straight poll, the longest such streak in the country. Nonetheless, the Blue Devils, who have struggled with Florida State in the past, cannot rely on their ranking alone to prevail on Sunday. Last season, the Seminoles ruined what would have been a perfect conference record for Duke, defeating the Blue Devils in their final ACC match. The upset trend did not stop there, however, as Florida State went on to beat Duke in the semifinal round of the ACC tournament just weeks later. “They are one of the teams in the ACC where the emotion is very high,” Ashworth said. “Talent-wise, they may not be as good as us, but that emotion carries them over the threshold.” With the dual goals of moving closer to a conference title and avenging last season’s losses, Duke will need every minute of extra rest that it can get without the need for lengthy travel. “We have to play with passion and also some urgency,” Ashworth said. “We have to be prepared to play and not overlook anything.”


FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 11


Duke takes on Marist in final home game Coming off landmark win over Syracuse, the Blue Devils face No. 1 UVA next week by Lopa Rahman THE CHRONICLE

After defeating Syracuse for the first time in 34 years last Sunday, the Blue Devils will have one last chance to improve before taking on No. 1 Virginia next week in the regular season finale. In its matchup Marist with Marist (4-3) Saturday, No. 8 Duke (9vs. 3) will look to stretch No. 8 its win streak to seven Duke games and finish the season with a perfect SATURDAY, 3 p.m. 8-0 record at home. Koskinen Stadium “Our hope is that in April we just keep getting better, building upon all of our experiences,� head coach John Danowski said. “I think our team will be especially motivated because it’s our last home game.� In the final game at Koskinen Stadium for the Blue Devil seniors, Duke will face a Marist attack anchored by Connor Rice and Jack Doherty, who have registered 25 and

20 points this season, respectively. Although that duo of juniors has led the Red Foxes to a winning record, Marist’s four wins have all come against unranked teams that have combined for a 10-28 record this season. Duke will counter with an offense led by sophomore Jordan Wolf, who has notched 23 goals and 20 assists for a team-high 43 points. Robert Rotanz, whose four-goal performance propelled Duke to victory over Syracuse, is second on the team with 30 points. On defense, Duke is coming off a strong performance—in the final 13:41 of Sunday’s game, they held Syracuse scoreless, limiting them to six shots and forcing four turnovers. The Blue Devils will look to repeat this success against the Marist team leaders, juniors Connor Rice and Jack Doherty, who have registered 25 and 20 points, respectively. “We were delighted that we only gave up one goal in the fourth quarter [against Syracuse],� Danowski said. “Whomever you play against week after week, you want to try to be fundamentally sound defensively. You want


After fending off comeback attempts against Brown and Syracuse, Duke will face Marist at home Saturday.


to play great technique on the ball, and you want to play really well off the ball. The last part is that you hope your goalie has a good day. It’s a three-pronged effort.� That third prong, the goalie, has been particularly crucial in the Blue Devils’ last two contests, as junior goalkeeper Dan Wigrizer staved off late comeback attempts by Brown and Syracuse with four fourthquarter saves in each game. Duke has focused on having to play less defense, however, by improving its performance on face-offs, where its 57.5-percent showing ranks ninth in the nation. Danowski credited sophomore Brendan Fowler and senior CJ Costabile for their success on face-offs, and they should have little trouble with a Marist squad that wins just 46.5 percent of its face-offs. However, the Red Foxes might hold an advantage if penalties play a major factor Saturday. Marist converts on 52.8 percent of its man-up opportunites, while the Blue Devils have capitalized just 21.3 percent of the time. However, Danowski said that his team’s performance in these situations has improved of late. “Since the Dartmouth game [Mar. 18] we’ve been 35 percent as a team extraman,� Danowski said. “I think we’ve really been concentrating on a couple of simple plays, and we’ve settled on the personnel, so that’s really been helpful.� A win Saturday would prove even more helpful in between a landmark win last weekend and what could be the team’s toughest matchup of the season next week.


Midfielder David Lawson is one of eight Blue Devils to have registered double-digit points this season.

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The weekend in Duke sports Baseball vs. Clemson FRIDAY, 6 p.m. SATURDAY, 2 p.m. SUNDAY, 1 p.m. The Blue Devils will play this weekend to get back to within one game of .500, as they host Clemson at Jack Coombs Field for a three-game series. Both teams enter the weekend with equal 5-7 records in conference play. Star Blue Devil starter Marcus Stroman will take the ball Friday against Tiger junior Kevin Brady.

Track & Field

Men’s Golf

Women’s Golf

Coming off a second-place finish at the Irish Creek Collegiate last weekend, the Blue Devils will take on five other ACC teams among a field of 12 in Wallace, N.C. Duke won the event in 2009, the last time it participated.

Behind Lindy Duncan, the nation’s top-ranked player, the No. 9 Blue Devils will close out their regular season in Greensboro, N.C. against a field that includes five conference foes and four other teams among the nation’s top 25.

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Duke Invitational FRIDAY-SATURDAY, all day

vs. Boston College SATURDAY, 12 p.m.

Fresh off appearances at the NCAA championships, Michelle Anumba and Curtis Beach will be among 60 Blue Devils to compete at the annual Duke Invitational.

After a 4-2 loss to North Carolina, the 12-1 Blue Devils play host to Boston College, who sits second-to-last in the ACC with a 1-3 conference mark.

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$500 Cash Awards Application deadline is April 18. Three cash awards of $500 will be given for outstanding investigative research, curriculum development work, and innovative projects in Education-related fields. For more information: http://educationprogram.duke. edu/undergraduate/awards or email;; or bcj3@duke. edu.

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External Affairs Associate Duke Student Publishing Co., publisher of The Chronicle, seeks a student employee to support The Chronicle’s external relations program. Duties will include mastering our database (entering data, tracking gifts, publishing reports and preparing correspondence to donors) and conducting research on Chronicle alumni and the careers they have pursued. Additional duties may include writing articles for our alumni e-newsletter, maintaining the alumni web portal and planning events. We hope to hire a student who will train and begin work this spring and continue in the fall, working approximately 8-10 hours per week. This position provides a great opportunity for someone with energy and ingenuity who is interested in helping The Chronicle develop strong systems and great relationships. For more information or to apply, contact: David Rice, director of external relations, at

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FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 13

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Answer to puzzle

The Independent Daily at Duke University

The Chronicle

14 | FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012

A capitalizing idea If all goes to plan, Duke Duke alumni in the country. will open a permanent office Perhaps the most direct in Washington, D.C. before benefit to current underthe end of the month. We graduates is the launch of the commend the University for Duke in D.C. program, which undertaking this important officially begins Spring 2013. expansion and Hosted by the editorial committing to Sanford School new programs of Public Policy, in the nation’s capital, thus this new program will include joining the ranks of other elite classes on democracy, political institutions, such as Cornell media and an intensive internUniversity, Harvard University ship experience. The Universiand Stanford University, that ty already runs a semester-long are already established there. study-away program in Los The new space, part of the Angeles focusing on television University’s Office of Public and film, another in New York Affairs and Government Rela- focused on arts and media and tions, is designed to facilitate a third in New York focused on stronger relationships with the financial services industry. the federal government and To that end, Duke in D.C. fills a act as a hub for members of conspicuous gap in study-away the Duke community located programs devoted to domestic in Washington, which has the policy and governance. third highest concentration of The establishment of this

Last I checked, Mr. Moneta, no one has died as a result of being “kidnapped” for an early morning breakfast celebration or from wearing particular types of clothes. —“StatisticallyInsignificant” commenting on the story “Sorority practices investigated for hazing.” See more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

program encourages the integration of learning inside and outside the classroom. While the academic programs in New York and Los Angeles are already well established, Duke in D.C. promises to make a wide range of educational and pre-professional opportunities accessible for students, which is especially important considering the popularity of the economics, public policy and political science majors. But the new office and academic program should be seen as sound first steps toward furthering Duke’s expansion in Washington— a move that makes a great deal of sense given the D.C.’s relative proximity to Durham. While some existing programs have exploited this proximity, a centralized office introduces

a whole slew of new opportunities. For example, student groups like the Alexander Hamilton Society, Duke College Republicans, Duke Democrats and Duke Partnership for Service may find ways to utilize the University’s new headquarters to create lasting relationships with alumni and other relevant contacts in the capital. The federal relations office would also be an ideal platform to launch a career fair in Washington. Although there are a number of recruiting events held on campus each year, these are often targeted toward financial services, consulting and technology industries, with one Nonprofit and Government Career Fair held in October

2011. An event proffering government and policy jobs in Washington would, in ways similar to the study away program, increase the number and variety of opportunities available to students—giving them unparalleled access to nonprofits, law firms, political consulting firms, think-tanks and, of course, many federal agencies. Most of these organizations do not have the resources to send representatives to campus on a regular basis, so a dedicated career fair will be highly useful to policy-oriented seniors. Duke has made important first steps to employ its geographic proximity in Washington and strong alumni network to its strategic advantage—both as an institution and for its students.

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he American Society of Magazine Editors, or and achievement uses gender modifiers much more ASME, released its award nominees this week: for women than for men. For instance, words like The group nominated all men in five of the leader, powerful, or author are often combined with award categories. Given the prestige “women” or “female”—women leadof an ASME award, the uncomforters, powerful women and female auable absence of women garnering top thors. Though the intention seems spots has reminded me of some of celebratory, this rhetoric fosters the the challenges facing our generation perception that these individuals are of high-achieving Duke students. not representative of women in genThe disparity at the top is clear. eral. Of all the Fortune 500 CEOs in 2011, Achieving new norms starts with a meager 2.4 percent were women. rajlakshmi de simply changing the conversation. About 2 percent of self-made billion“Powerful women” becomes “womminority report aires are women. In the nonprofit en are powerful.” After all, not sector, where a staggering 73 permany would deny that women are cent of employees are women, men still hold a ma- very powerful people. We can thwart the current jority of top leadership positions. I don’t even need perception that the majority of women aren’t a calculator for the percentage of U.S. presidents leaders. It’s time to replace any rhetoric that is or vice presidents that have been women. Lack of doubtful of the scope of women to lead. access to education, which is often associated with What about how these conversations affect us at inflexible power structures, does not seem to be Duke? We have a plethora of great classes, student the problem here. On the whole, women are now groups and other initiatives that work towards a earning more bachelor and graduate degrees than vision of gender equality. The content is approprimen. Indeed, some private liberal arts institutions ate, but certain names strike me as restrictive stehave preferential admission policies for men to in- reotyping. Course titles, such as “Women as Leadcrease their proportion of male students. ers,” should be updated to reflect the diversity of Discussions about the causes of top-level gen- such a theme. That is one small step towards interder disparity have been exhaustive. Most of these nalizing equitable gender norms. causes, however, are “systemic” or “cultural,” Empowerment is a fine line. All minority strugwhich means that their solutions are often im- gles are connected by this theme. Inequality and palpable and difficult to approach directly. Ex- injustice are the paramount concerns, but an addiamples of these systemic causes are first, a lack of tional battle exists. There is a history of devaluing female mentors and second, workplace sexism. the competence of those with less power—those Within the latter exist both overt sexism, such as in the minority group. Based on the stark percentsexual harassment, and concealed sexism. A con- ages, women at the top are certainly a minority trolled experiment published in the American group. In addition to the large struggle of breakEconomic Review found that having orchestra ing glass ceilings, there is a smaller struggle to not auditions behind a screen to mask identity was devalue women, or anyone else, in the process. beneficial for female musicians, as compared to My idealism tells me that someday true, equal having their identity revealed. Examples of cul- opportunity will exist. Someday the current institutural causes include narrow definitions of women tions that fight inequality will be rendered unnecand expectations of work-life balance. essary. At that point, we won’t have to worry about It makes sense that these systemic and cultural fac- the smaller struggles that accompany the larger tors cause many of the gendered disparities in highly struggles. competitive environments, but only focusing on the Until then, we should keep encouraging womlong-term goal of redefining culture is unsatisfying. en to become mentors and we should keep raisThere has to be more that can be done to address ing our voices when we see gender disparities. But top-level gender disparities. More importantly, there when possible, we should disentangle ourselves has to be a way to instill urgency into the pursuit of from perceptions that inadvertently devalue womopportunity—we shouldn’t have to wait for entire en as they rise to the top. That is how we can make gender schemas to shift before our generation can way for an era when “powerful minorities” is synattain more equitable distributions at the top. We onymous for “powerful people.” have to send a message that the current disparities between men and women are on their way out. Rajlakshmi De is a Trinity junior and is studying One of the problems that we can begin to ad- abroad at the London School of Economics. Her column dress is the portrayal of successful women as excep- runs every other Friday. Follow Rajlakshmi on Twitter tions to the norm. Our rhetoric surrounding gender @RajDe4


FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012 | 15


How you remind me

My Rosa Parks moment It hit 3:00 a.m. and I decided I probably spent But what exactly was I addressing? Having my reenough quality time in Perkins. So I stuffed every- ligion associated with terrorism? Having my headthing into my bookbag and began shuffling back to scarf be a tool for profiling? Being preoccupied Craven. That same morning, Monday with defending myself? Being apoloFeb. 27, a few members of Duke Stugetic for things I didn’t do? The gennoha sherif dents for Justice in Palestine posted eral lack of understanding of Islam on guest column fake eviction flyers on students’ doors. Duke’s campus? At first, that was the The flyers were taken down shortly afcase. But the more I thought about ter being put up so, needless to say, not many peo- these events, the more I realized that it meant one ple saw them. But the few that did were upset. thing: Intolerance is okay if it’s directed toward a How do I know? group that is misunderstood. Because as I walked to my room a furious hallWearing a hijab means laying my cards on the mate called out, “Stop hanging things on our table. It is an overt statement of who I am. For some doors.” reason people think it’s okay to use it as a tool to I had no idea who this guy was and he appar- judge. So they stare, make assumptions and treat me ently has no idea who I am. He didn’t know that differently because of these assumptions. The intolI just spent the past hour taking my Biology 101 erance is not so much that I can’t walk into the same RAT, which, as all you premeds know, is such a time- room or live on the same floor as another person, sucking pain in the a** that I couldn’t have posted but the subtle nuances of how I’m treated because those flyers. The only thing he did know was what of my minority status. This nuanced intolerance has my hijab and presence told him: I am Muslim, and become systemized. I was awake at that time. This coincidence was apOftentimes after facing discrimination, or any parently enough for him to attribute the origin of adversity for that matter, we don’t respond the way the flyer to me. He felt attacked and, consequently, we want to. We kill ourselves replaying the incident thought he was entitled to attack anyone who fit the over and over again thinking about all the witty, apperpetrator profile. propriate and necessary things we should’ve said. Let me take a minute to be real, this isn’t the This is my second chance to do it right and say what worst thing that’s happened to me as a Muslim fe- I had to say. I urge anyone who has a story they want male on Duke’s campus. Second semester freshman to be heard, anyone who wants that second chance, year, I was told that “you guys are pretty normal,” as to do the same. if that was a compliment. Fall of this year a note was I don’t believe this is an isolated instance specific slipped under my door calling me a terrorist and to me. I believe this happens to different people for telling me to get off campus. So this is just one more different reasons. But the response seems uniform. notch on the profiling post. We either pretend it doesn’t hurt us, we pretend it’s And for the longest time I was scared to public- not important to us or we come up with some masly address any of these events. I’ve written about ter plan to address this issue that we never execute. them for essays, I’ve talked to my sister about We let fear guide us. The fear of reporting, fear of them and I’ve spoken on “Muslim Americans Post talking, fear of being uncomfortable, dominate who 9/11” and “Wearing A Hijabi in America” panels. we talk to, what we say and how we feel. We often The thing is, these venues allow for only a few forget how we are players in a system. We forget that targeted people to hear my story. These people we didn’t have a choice in being part of that system were the ones who already wanted to listen and or the roles we were assigned. We forget that what not people who needed to listen. But I’m not so we say and how we feel matters. We deny discriminascared anymore. Which gave me the gusto to con- tion in an attempt to preserve hope. front this guy’s impulsive, unfounded and downright ignorant behavior. Noha Sherif, Trinity ’14

lettertotheeditor Although we commend recent efforts to increase awareness of sexual assault on Duke’s campus, we were concerned by comments made in the April 5 article “Call to act: reform the sexual misconduct policy.” The Office of Student Conduct Advisory Committee was expressly designed so that student representatives could speak freely with Office of Student Conduct administrators about issues pertaining to campus policy. The use of a specific quote from this free flowing conversation without any context or nuance undoes much of the trust that has been built between student leaders and Student Conduct administrators and hampers future communication. There are certainly more effective ways of advocating for an issue that we believe students care about deeply. Finally, we would like to draw attention to other recent changes that have been made to the sexual misconduct policy. The standard of evidence for all cases of harassment has been reduced from a “clear and convincing” to a “preponderance of

evidence,” meaning that if an Undergraduate Conduct Board hearing determines that a sexual assault is “more likely than not” to have occurred, the accused student will be found responsible. Secondly, victims of sexual assault have been given the right to appeal a UCB decision. These efforts reflect an Office of Student Conduct that is committed to supporting the needs of victims. Undoubtedly, there are many social and personal factors that affect a student’s decision to report a sexual assault, and it should be noted that the disciplinary process is not the right decision for every victim. We hope that efforts are made to uncover the factors that prevent reporting so that the needs of sexual assault victims are better met. Nick Valilis, Trinity ’12 Honor Council Chair Allison Umfress, Trinity ’12

Think you’re funny? The Chronicle is looking for the next Monday, Monday columnist. Email for an application.


pril is the cruelest month … to be a Chronicle columnist. I know, woe is me, but it’s really difficult. We tend to postpone institutional changes until the fall, basketball season is over and all the good greek-life drama is an early second semester phenomenon. There is a magnum (Or perhaps Mangum? Get it? Oh, come on I’m funny) sized hole in that assessment, but at least for now, Duke seems … calm. If I were a movie character at this point, I would probably be the crazy pirate guy from “Pirates of the Caribbean” who says “Hello, Poppet” all the time. And, in my creepy, ominous words of foreshadowing, I would say “Yarrgh … ’tis nothing but the calm before the storm. Avast!” My obsession with pirates aside, this fall is shaping up to be … quite something. See, there’s this whole thing called the house model coming into existence next seharry liberman mester. You’ll remember this jews in the news because last Fall there were about 3,000 unread columns and editorials about it. Luckily, I’m a hipster: I like to repurpose old things and I figured a reminder was in order. And, just so we’re clear, this is not the house model that Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta eliminated in his first few years: It’s completely different, different insofar as it’s new, and about community this time. This is unlike last time, when people found Duke’s housing infrastructure insufficient to create meaningful communities in small houses, as well, because this time we’re going to believe in it really hard. … I think. Now that I’m done poking fun, I’m going to concentrate on what Duke did with greek life. Although I don’t quite know what’s going to happen with nine sororities and six of the larger fraternities living on Central, we are clearly entering into a Brave New Duke, such as it is. Yes, many other things will change under the house model, but I’m going to use Central as an illustrative example. Using Donald Rumsfeld’s lovely Iraq War terminology, there are known unknowns and there are unknown unknowns about the house model. We don’t even know the unknown unknowns, but as for the known unknowns, there are far too many. As it stood, Central was not a social space. This isn’t to say people on Central aren’t social, but even for Central residents a large majority of gatherings, greek or independent, large or small, occurred on West. For example, if Central is going to become a social center, what will it do without any social infrastructure? One moderately sized eatery and a Mill Village that in its entirety provides space for about 60 people does not a campus make. And if people have their social lives (and not only their end-of-the-day homes) on Central, they will eat on Central, which means either an overcrowded Food Factory or a mass-scale use of Merchants on Points (which, in turn, means a substantial drop in revenue). As a member of the one fraternity on Central, I know there are days when my fraternity alone overcrowds the Factory. And then there are social issues. Christ, Yahweh, Allah, nobody and everybody else above, there are social issues. Will greek organizations band together more than ever, creating a huge delineation between the monolithic “Greek” and “nonGreek” worlds? Will sororities see a drop in recruitment, an increase in internal unity (and a corresponding decrease in outreach) or both? Do we want freshmen spending orientation week on Duke’s ugly stepchild of a campus? What about the parties? Has the administration even seen “Project X” yet? The point is this: Nobody knows what will be different, merely that it will be different. Geography really, really matters, in ways that are almost impossible to predict beforehand yet seem inevitable post-fact. Think of your friends from freshmen year, think of the classes you have and have not taken, and you probably will find it to be true. And isolating greek life, largely in an area that is separated from the obviously “academic” world of West campus and distinct from the rest of Duke, is at best an interesting idea, and at worst a counterproductive one. And indeed there will be time, this fall, to wonder “Do I dare?” and, “Do I dare tell the administration they probably made a huge miscalculation in their formation of the house model, regardless of their end goal?” Still, it’s spring now, and Duke won’t be experiencing any huge changes soon. But brace yourselves. Winter is coming. Harry Liberman is a Trinity junior. His column runs every other Friday.

16 | FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 2012

STOCKS from page 3 “I may want to take a little risk off,” Biggs, founder of Traxis Partners, said on Bloomberg Television. “I am cutting back a little, and I’m tempted to cut back some more,” he said. Equities are “going higher over the course of the next few months, but in the short run here we’ll have a little pause.” Canada’s dollar climbed against all 16 major peers. Employment rose by 82,300 following a decline of 2,800 in February, Statistics Canada said, lowering the jobless rate to 7.2 percent from 7.4 percent. Economists surveyed by Bloomberg News projected a 10,500 gain in jobs and 7.4 percent unemployment, according to the median forecasts. Oil rose for the first time in three days, gaining 1.6 percent to $103.07 a barrel. Nickel rallied 3.1 percent and lead and silver rose more than 2 percent as 18 of 24 commodities tracked by S&P GSCI Index advanced, sending the gauge up 0.8 percent. Gains in mining companies and energy producers led


the European benchmark index higher, overshadowing a drop in banks and automobile companies. Xstrata and Rio Tinto rose more than 1.5 percent, while UniCredit, Italy’s biggest bank, fell 3.1 percent. The Stoxx 600 had tumbled 3.1 percent in the previous two sessions. The extra yield investors demand to hold 10-year French bonds instead of benchmark German bunds reached 125 basis points, or 1.25 percentage point, the most since Feb. 1. The yield spread between Spanish and German 10-year bonds exceeded 4 percentage points for the first time since Dec. 12, and German five-year note yields reached a record low of 0.71 as investors sought the safest bonds. The euro weakened against 12 of its 16 major peers, driving the currency through the Swiss National Bank’s cap for the first time since it imposed the limit on Sept. 6. The SNB won’t allow the franc to go below 1.20 versus the euro and is ready to buy foreign currencies in unlimited quantities, spokesman Walter Meier said Thursday. German industrial output fell 1.3 percent in February from the previous month, dropping more than the 0.5 percent median estimate of economists in a Bloomberg survey.

The cost of insuring against default on European corporate debt rose, with the Markit iTraxx Europe Index of 125 companies with investment-grade ratings climbing 2.5 basis points to 132.2. Trading in credit-default swaps is dropping as investors reaping the biggest corporate-bond market gains since 2010 reduce bearish bets. Banks, hedge funds and other money managers traded credit swaps tied to a weekly average of $137.2 billion of corporate and sovereign debt in the four weeks ended March 30, according to data from the Depository Trust & Clearing Corp. That’s down 3.6 percent from $142.3 billion in the same period a year earlier and a 24.5 percent drop from August, when an average $181.7 billion was traded, DTCC data show. Investors scaled back hedges as corporate bonds globally returned 3.8 percent in the first quarter of 2012, the biggest gains since the period ended September 2010. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index slipped 0.1 percent. The Hang Seng China Enterprises Index of Chinese stocks listed in Hong Kong retreated 1.4 percent, after returning from Wednesday’s public holiday.

NICOLELIS from page 1 he began researching brain-machine interface using monkeys. After conditioning the monkeys with rewards to imagine moving without actually doing so, Nicolelis saw that the chip was able to translate the thought of movement to the actual movement of a robot. “We designed ways to record electrical signals of hundreds of cells simultaneously,” Nicolelis said. “These signals are sent to computers that can extract [their] motor commands and transform them into digital commands that a robot can understand.” Nicolelis and his team of researchers are currently in the process of building exoskeletals, which are robotic suits that can receive signals from the body machine interface. The idea is that when a paralyzed person thinks of walking, information is relayed from the chip to the suit, enabling them to walk. “When you’re paralyzed, you can still plan the movements in your head, but the signals cannot go to the muscles because there is a legion in your spinal cord that does not allow the electrical messages to go through,” he said. “It’s as if the cables have been severed—the idea is to capture these [messages] that contain the plans to move … send them to the vest and carry the paralyzed body under the control of the brain.” Peter Ifft, a third-year in the biomedical engineering graduate program, said there are numerous ways brain-machine interfaces can influence daily life. “The biggest advantage of brain machine interface is that it helps people who don’t have mobility,” said Ifft, who contributed to the study. “For those who can’t feed themselves and don’t have limb use, the quality of life can be greatly improved.” Researchers are using brain-machine interface to better understand the workings of the brain, Nicolelis added. “We discovered that the adult brain is very plastic,” he said. “If a monkey loses a finger in a fight, according to the old theory, those neurons that are related to the finger [are gone]. It turns out that as time goes on, the entire area reorganizes to respond to the other fingers.” Nicolelis and his team of researchers have found that the brain-machine interface also increases users’ reaction time. The study that transfers electrical brain signals from a monkey walking on a treadmill at Duke to a robot in Japan found that the robot walked 20 milliseconds faster than the monkey. Because reaction time is improved with the chips, Ifft noted that they can be incorporated to improve safety in vehicle control. Their effect on reaction time could even be beneficial to athletes. Overall, experts have noted how Nicolelis has transformed the field. “[Neuroscience] was a conservative field where neurophysiologists would take one electrode, insert it into the brain, get one cell recorded and be very proud,” said study co-author Mikhail Lebedev, a senior research scientist in neurobiology at Duke. “Miguel said ‘Why record one electrode when we can record 100?’” Nicolelis said that his research, in the most basic sense, is like having telekinesis. “You cannot get energy out of your head directly,” he said. “But now, if you put a microchip in [your head] and amplify the signal as a radio wave, you can. It’s what people call telekinesis—it’s not naturally given, it’s enhanced by microelectronics, but now it’s real.”

Apr. 6 2012 issue  

April 6, 2012 issue of The Cuke Chroni le