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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012

ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 120

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

Safi promotes broad look at social justice

Brodhead assesses Duke’s race relations

Everyday I’m shufflin’

by Gloria Lloyd

by Kristie Kim

THE CHRONICLE

THE CHRONICLE

Muslims should engage in all avenues of social justice rather than solely focus on their own persecution, said Omid Safi, the keynote speaker at Duke’s Islamic Awareness Week. Safi, Religion ’00 and professor of Islamic studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, said his preferred method of promoting Islam and its ideals does not focus on protesting injustices inflicted on Muslims but instead working against injustices done to all communities. This philosophy is inspired by the teachings of Martin Luther King, Jr. Safi, who is considered a leader of the progressive Muslim debate, spent 11 years studying at Duke and co-founded Duke’s Muslim Student Association in 1988. “The question we have to ask today is not ‘If we rise up for justice for others, what will happen to us?’” Safi said. “The question we have to ask is ‘If we do not rise up, what will happen to them?’” The professor, whose research interests include Islamic mysticism, delivered a speech about peace and justice to about 35 students from Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University at the Divinity School Thursday. Safi’s speech was the culmination of the annual MSA-sponsored

President Richard Brodhead reflected on the University’s history and increasing efforts for greater equity Thursday. In his address at the Annual Meeting of the University Faculty, Brodhead discussed issues of race and inclusion in Duke’s history, noting the topic’s relevance in light of the recent controversy over an unpublished study exploring the correlation between GPA and race. Brodhead explained that although the University thrives on free expression, views that students believe diminish their standing at the University warrant an institutional response. “This University has had a commitment to making Duke a place of access, opportunity and mutual respect for all,” Brodhead said. “This commitment was confirmed in Duke’s most recent strategic plan, and I reconfirm the commitment today.” In January, several students and members of Black Student Alliance presented administrators with the Black Culture Initiative— a list of recommendations regarding the problems facing the black community at Duke. Although the initiative prompted discussion between students and the administration, Brodhead did not reference the initiative directly in the address but did allude to some of the suggestions it presented. BSA

TYLER SEUC/THE CHRONICLE

Courtney Liu and Cedric Stapleton of Sabrosura perform for “Shufflin,” presented by On Tap. SEE SAFI ON PAGE 4

SEE BRODHEAD ON PAGE 5

vs ST. JOHN’S Bejan finds order in chaotic world DUKE SATURDAY 9:00 p.m. ESPN Blue Devils face Red Storm •

by Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE

TORI POWERS/THE CHRONICLE

Engineering professor Adrian Bejan invented the constructal law of design.

Adrian Bejan, J.A. Jones professor at the Pratt School of Engineering, reclined behind his desk, clean-shaven, sporting trim silvery hair and recouping from a four-day and three-city book tour. To his left, file cabinets and stacks of paper rise to meet the ceiling. To his right, the wall disappears behind his 16 honorary degrees from some 11 different countries. “When last I checked, [Henry] Kissinger had 18,” he noted, with the unassuming self-confidence of someone who has invented a law of physics. Bejan, who is one of the 100 most cited authors cited in all fields of engineering, first published on the constructal law in 1996 and has since expanded its application to almost any field. The prin-

ciple defines the world as a teeming environment of flow systems—cars traveling on the highway or antelopes moving on a plain—that branch out into increasingly smaller pieces as the most efficient way to travel across a landscape. In January, he published a book aimed at bringing his law to wider audiences. Its title indicates the broad nature of the concept—“Design in Nature: How the Constructal Law Governs Evolution in Biology, Physics, Technology, And Social Organization.” With a background in mechanical engineering, Bejan specializes in thermodynamic design—studying, for instance, how to design computer chips that dissipate heat as efficiently as possible. He began to recognize characteristics of his

by Brady Buck THE CHRONICLE

Nothing has come easily for Duke this season. Battling through inexperience, costly injuries and a brutal schedule, the Blue Devils (265) have needed every ounce of their resilience to reach the Sweet 16. Saturday, the challenges continue as a depleted Duke roster travels three time zones from Durham to take on a veteran St. John’s squad. They will enter the regional semifinals with confidence left over from a convincing over Vanderbilt on the Commodores’ home floor Tuesday.

SEE BEJAN ON PAGE 12 SEE SWEET 16 ON PAGE 8

Football players take part in Pro Day, Page 6

ONTHERECORD

“Arabic language and literature... should be a topic of high importance for the curriculum of humanistic studies.” —Professor Carl Ernst on Arabic language and literature. See story page 3

Plumlee’s draft decision not yet made, Page 7


2 | FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

worldandnation

US student loan debt reaches $1 trillion mark

U.S. student loan debt reached the $1 trillion mark as young borrowers struggle to keep up with soaring tuition costs, according to the initial findings of a government study. The figure, which is higher than the country’s credit card debt, probably reached “several months ago,” Rohit Chopra of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, said Wednesday in a posting excerpted from a speech he made at the Consumer Bankers Association meeting in Austin. “Young consumers are shouldering much of the punishment in the form of substantial student loan bills for doing exactly what they were told would be the key to a better life,” Chopra, the bureau’s student loan ombudsman, said. More students are taking out loans to pay for college as tuition increases. Undergraduates are limited by the amount they can borrow in federally backed loans.

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schedule

Foraging and fire-making Duke Campus Farm, 3-7 p.m. With the power grid down, global trade halted and zombies roaming the countryside, you’ll need the hard skills to thrive off the grid. RSVP at http://dcffire.eventbrite.com/.

The Mary Play from the N-Town Cycle East Duke 209, 8-10 p.m. A reading translated from Middle English and directed by Mandy Lowell.

Law threatened in court Global nuclear meeting transforming health care draws Obama, Medvedev WASHINGTON, D.C. — More than one of every four Americans last year received a free mammogram, colonoscopy or flu shot, thanks to a federal law that many of them despise. Roughly 3.6 million Medicare recipients saved an average of $604.

VIENNA — The second global conference ever on nuclear material that has escaped state control is drawing President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. Nuclear violators Iran and North Korea will not be there.

Berlioz Requiem Duke Chapel, Saturday 8-10 p.m. This requiem combines Duke Chapel Choir, Duke Chorale and the Choral Society of Durham. General admission $20, students free.

Grand Tea Gathering Sarah P. Duke Gardens, Sunday 11:30 a.m. -2 p.m. The gathering features Japanese taiko drumming and traditional Japanese arts. —from calendar.duke.edu

TODAY IN HISTORY 1839: The term “OK” enters the national vernacular.

“‘From my own experience, people I know with more pictures online generally did tend to be very outgoing in person,’ said freshman Ryan Bartoszek. ‘Screening Facebook profiles can be especially helpful for companies looking for people with good social skills’” — From The Chronicle ‘s News Blog bigblog.dukechronicle.com

on the

calendar

Pakistan Day Pakistan

World Meteorological Day International

National Day of Unplugging JUAN FORERO/THE WASHINGTON POST

Passerby can spot Doug Aitken’s “Song 1” on top of the Smithsonian’s Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, D.C. Aitken’s artwork is a 360-degree projection that combines film of drivers on a nighttime freeway with the song, “I Only Have Eyes for You.” He hopes his art can “fuse with the city.”

Performers Kamikaze Stop Motion Crew Momentum Sabrosura DCD Dhoom Rince Diabhal Duke Dance Program Duke Ballroom Team DJ’s Freestyle Dance Life Moonlight Dance Crew NCSU Cloggers Bboy Battle Swing Dance Laasya Mighty Arms of Atlas

8259

at Duke...

To fear is one thing. To let fear grab you by the tail and swing you around is another. — Katherine Paterson

on the

SATURDAY:

TODAY:

Saturday, March 24 from 12-5PM West Campus Main Quad

FREE ADMISSION More information contact DukeMoves2012@gmail.com Dance groups from Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University Break Dancing and Salsa

Graffiti Art Workshops

Live Music!

Duke Moves has received support from the Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts and Duke Student Government.

U.S.A.

National Puppy Day U.S.A.


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012 | 3

ACADEMIC COUNCIL

Faculty to review future DKU graduate programs

Diplomat lauds history of Arabic language, literature by Maggie Spini THE CHRONICLE

by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE

After a years-long freeze, faculty are ready to discuss new academic opportunities for Duke Kunshan University. Academic Council approved a resolution to consider additional graduate academic programs for DKU at its meeting Thursday. The proposal passed with 52 council members voting in favor of the proposal, five dissenting and one abstention. This overturns a December 2009 council decision to refrain from considering other graduate programs beyond the Fuqua School of Business’ Master of Management Studies program until

faculty believed they had adequate information about the risks of the project. This resolution symbolizes renewed faculty support for DKU, said Academic Council Chair Susan Lozier, professor of physical oceanography. “[This resolution] not only serves as a gateway for numerous opportunities abroad but is also an example of the cooperation and collective advocacy of Duke faculty,� Lozier said. “It confirms a strong faculty role in the development and review of DKU academic programs and finances.� SEE COUNCIL ON PAGE 5

BRIANNA SIRACUSE/THE CHRONICLE

Members of Academic Council passed a resolution Thursday to review future DKU academic programs.

The Middle East is becoming increasingly present in the global community, Kuwait Ambassador Salem Al-Sabah said Thursday. At the inaugural Arabic Majors Distinguished Lecture series, speakers AlSabah and Carl Ernst, William R. Kenan Jr. distinguished professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discussed how the Middle East’s rich literary and cultural history has influenced modern politics. Arabic, one of the fastest growing languages in the world, has become increasingly prevalent in the global sphere. “[Arabic] has an enduring cultural property in the global heritage in civilization,� said Ernst, co-director of the Carolina Center for the Study of the Middle East and Muslim Civilizations. “Arabic language and literature... should be a topic of high importance for the curriculum of humanistic studies.� Arabic is one of six languages officially used in United Nations meetings. Given the Middle East’s vital role in world politics, knowledge of Arabic language and culture should be a top priority in the United States, Ernst said. “If you open a map, you can make a very, very good argument that the Arab countries are in the center of the world,� Al-Sabah said. “We are a land [connecting] three continents—Asia, Africa and Europe.�

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Western media often skews Americans’ perceptions of Arab nations, AlSabah said, noting that it is difficult to open a newspaper or watch television news programs without seeing something about the Middle East. “Everything that comes up about the Middle East... is about one of two things,� he said. “It’s about oil or turmoil.... You have no idea how many misconceptions are out there that need to be clarified.� Al-Sabah added that Arabic-American speakers, who have access to current events SEE ARABIC ON PAGE 12

REEM ALFAHAD/THE CHRONICLE

Salem Al-Sabah, ambassador from Kuwait, speaks about the importance of Arabic in the modern world.

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4 | FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

Study to address disparate obesity rates by Andrew Luo THE CHRONICLE

Helping the underprivileged lose weight may be as simple as providing reliable group support. A study published earlier this month in Archives of Internal Medicine reveals that regular medical feedback and personalized monitoring helps maximize weight loss in obese patients. Researchers documented the weight fluctuations of 365 obese patients from low-income and ethnic minority backgrounds. After 24 months, the patients who received monthly intervention training and counseling treatment lost on average 2.3 pounds more than those who received traditional weight loss care. The study was funded by grants from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute and the National Cancer Institute. “Though the average weight loss appears moderate, the most significant finding from this study is that the patients kept their weight down throughout the twoyear period,” said lead author Gary Bennett, associate professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke. “We tried to customize behavioral goals depending on each

SAFI from page 1 week, which is held at campuses nationwide to promote awareness about issues pertaining to Islam. In his speech, Safi noted how national Muslim organizations primarily exist to broadcast injustices and prejudice affecting Muslims equally emphasizing the positive accomplishments and daily concerns of Muslims. Instead, these groups should focus on broader social issues and also communicate the strengths of the Muslim community. “Islamic tradition does stand for something,” Safi said. “It stands ultimately... for a twin mandate of justice—social justice that refuses to stop at gates of our own community—and a divine sense of love and mercy.” Freshman Shajuti Hossain said she shares Safi’s ideals and appreciates his message of promoting social justice above self interest. “He encourages us to actively show through example what Islam is rather than what it’s not and how we’re also American and have American values,” she noted. Above anything, current leaders of Muslim organizations in America want to be invited to the White House or Department of State to increase their political visibility, though for some leaders the invitation can be uncomfortable, Safi said. He was once asked to the Department of State for a Ramadan-related event

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and bimonthly in the second year. Patients traditionally started to gain weight again after six months, Warner noted, but the addition of health meetings allowed subjects to maintain weight loss throughout the program. Warner said that helping low-income populations lose weight, particularly during a recession, is challenging. Despite the economic challenges preventing people from eating healthy, the patients were engaged throughout the entire program. The high follow-up rate from the participants is encouraging for future research, she added. “More studies should be done in order to help these low-income populations, who have the highest risk for diseases like obesity and hypertension,” Warner said. “These sorts of intervention programs can be applied to health centers.” Additional research is already underway to study methods of preventing weight gain, Bennett said. Apart from running a study in China that looks at refining the approach to obesity treatment, Bennett is also interested in examining the effects of weight fluctuations on overall health in the future.

and declined. “I said, ‘I will come when you stop killing my people,’” he added. “They said, ‘We don’t appreciate your attitude.’ And I said, ‘I don’t appreciate you killing my people.’” Safi said most of the Republican presidential candidates have a shaky understanding of American foreign policy, with the exception of Ron Paul, R-Texas and Medicine ’61. He noted Paul’s willingness to diminish our military involvement. Attendance at Islamic Awareness cultural events had been strong throughout the week, said MSA education chair Noreen Khan, a sophomore. “We feel as citizens we should take responsibility to inform people of our culture, beliefs and intellectual thoughts,” Khan said. “Islamic Awareness Week is a great way to inform people and use this time while people are on a college campus to teach them about us.” Religious leaders need to speak up more on war and poverty issues, Safi added. “When we appear before Allah, yes, we will be asked, ‘Did you pray, did you fast?’” he said. “But we will also be asked, ‘Where did your society puts its food, its resources, its money? Did you support that military-industrial complex that Eisenhower and Martin [Luther King] warned us about? Or did you take that and put it in the wrinkled stomachs of God’s children?’”

Omid Safi, professor of Islamic studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, speaks as a part of Islamic Awareness Week.

JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE

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patient’s personal goals.” The results of the study may indicate a more effective way in maintaining weight loss, particularly in people experiencing socioeconomic challenges. The weight loss program in the study followed an intervention obesity treatment approach. Patients received three goals meant to modify their behavior and then either self-monitored their progress through the study’s website or recorded their progress through an interactive voice response system. Bennett noted that the researchers used several computer algorithms in the study, which allowed them to lower the cost of the research and reach more patients. “For example, Person A may get a goal that says they should walk 8,000 steps in a day, and Person B will get another task asking them to eat five servings of fruits,” he said. Participants in the intervention group also participated in monthly meetings with a health coach, said Erica Warner, research fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health and co-author of the study. The patients met with their coach once a month in the first year of the study

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LIT 150S

Infocalypse: Contemporary American Fiction and Global Crisis

Experimental Writing

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John Stadler MTuTh 3:30pm-5:35pm


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012 | 5

BRODHEAD from page 1

COUNCIL from page 3

recommended that the administration increase funding for cultural events and outline the role, if any, of special considerations in the admissions policy, among others. Brodhead said the University takes multiple factors into account during admissions, such as standardized test scores as well as students’ characters, and will continue to recruit highly qualified students from every background. The Supreme Court decided Feb. 21 to hear Fisher v. The University of Texas, which challenges the constitutionality of affirmative action. Duke will be joining with other universities in filing an amicus brief to support a holistic approach to the admissions process. Brodhead added that the University has made much progress in affording opportunities for black students and faculty. The report follows the recent allocation of $13,000 from the Office of the Provost to fund various groups who are participating in Black Student Alliance Invitational, the recruitment weekend for prospective black students. BSAI has attracted some controversy in recent years, as some members of the Duke community stress that the event misrepresents the goals of the University in focusing on one target group. During his time at Yale University, Brodhead played a significant role in removing minority-targeted recruitment events. He has previously said that he preferred a racially unified invitation for all admitted students. After the speech, however, Brodhead said in an interview that the current system of BSAI is successful, and he is in full support of the program. “There is no debate about the aims we are pursuing in attracting top applicants from various backgrounds,� Brodhead said. “It’s only the question of means—what is the best way to convey to the best applicants that Duke is a good fit?� Going forward, Brodhead has requested that each academic and administrative unit produce an annual report on the status and goals of diversity within each group. These reports will be reviewed and aggregated in a final report for the Duke community every other year. Brodhead also affirmed a commitment to freedom of expression among scholars and students alike. The University has come a long way in broadening the faculty and student body in recent years, Brodhead said. He noted that the number of blacks appointed to regular rank faculty in all schools at Duke has risen from 44 in 1993 to 140 in 2011. Additionally, between 9 and 11 percent of Duke’s entering freshman class have been black, a statistic rivaled only by Stanford University and Columbia University among Duke’s peer institutions. He stressed that although Duke has many praiseworthy accomplishments, much work is needed. He compared the successes and inadequacies of the institution’s diversification efforts to his administration. Since his arrival as president, Brodhead has incorporated leaders of various backgrounds—including two blacks, one Asian American and one woman. Brodhead noted that he would like to instate more female senior administrators, adding that there has not yet been a black dean of any school. “We’re never totally there—living up to these ideals will always be a work in progress—and the nature of the challenges continues to evolve with larger changes in our society,� Brodhead said. Several faculty members responded positively to Brodhead’s address and focus on the University’s journey and progress with diversity. Lee Baker, Trinity College of Arts & Sciences dean of academic affairs and associate vice provost for undergraduate education, said the report served as a “great reminder of the arc of Duke’s effort to diversity.� He added that he was especially pleased with the University’s decision to support the pending amicus brief. Brodhead’s speech also encouraged some faculty to reflect on how they will personally incorporate his goals. “I am glad that he raised the questions of race and diversity, reiterating our goals to make diversity something we work on and own collectively in a non-episodic way,� Dean of Arts and Sciences Laurie Patton said. “I am personally going to work very hard on this with a number of different units in the community.�

The council’s decision to consider future academic programs at DKU is a response to the substantial demand for program development, Provost Peter Lange said. Programs for DKU currently under review by Academic Council include a Master of Science in Global Health through the Duke Global Health Institute. The council will not review undergraduate DKU programs at this time, though some administrators have discussed various semester abroad programs. The approval follows an Arts and Sciences Council decision March 15 to update the process for approving new programs in Duke’s global undergraduate curriculum. According to Thursday’s proposal, programs that lead to Duke degrees or credit must be reviewed within two or three years by the appropriate subcommittee regarding course changes, program changes or global initiatives. Some council members said more measures are still needed to monitor the state of academic integrity on the China campus. Karla Holloway, James B. Duke professor of English and professor of law, said DKU needs to implement a different mechanism for monitoring academic freedom than the one used in Durham. “We have a [monitoring] system that faculty and students trust in the United States, but we have no way of making sure that it will be successful [at DKU],� Holloway said. DKU will incorporate a community monitoring effort similar to the system enforced in Durham, Lange

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said. Even though maintaining academic integrity and freedom is not an explicit responsibility, faculty and administration have an instrumental role in making sure that preventative measures are in place. The small number of faculty in the initial phases of DKU will make it easier for academic integrity and freedom to be monitored and maintained. “From the beginning, we knew we were engaging with a country whose culture and political system does not match those in the U.S., but we know that we’ll be able to adhere to our core values in that environment,� Lange said. In other business: William Chafe, Alice Mary Baldwin professor of history, received the University Scholar/Teacher of the Year Award for his contribution to University academics. President Richard Brodhead presented the award and praised Chafe for his mentorship and revolutionary efforts during his 41-year tenure at Duke. Chafe previously served as dean of the faculty of Arts and Sciences and was instrumental in implementing Curriculum 2000. “Any student or faculty member who has experienced Duke has been touched by the work and leadership of Chafe,� Brodhead said.

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Sports

>>> INSIDE

The Chronicle

FRIDAY March 23, 2012

Junior Mason Plumlee is thinking about leaving Duke to turn pro. PAGE 7 Scott Rich takes a look back at the 2011-12 men’s basketball season. PAGE 7

www.dukechroniclesports.com

FOOTBALL

Blue Devils show off skills for pro scouts Cooper Helfet, who played at Duke for only two years after starting his collegiate athletic career at Johns Hopkins as All eyes were on Matt Daniels as he took the field with a lacrosse player, is a considered a long shot to hear his name nine other Blue Devils Thursday afternoon to work out for called on draft day. But while he has limited experience, the NFL scouts and coaches at the Duke pro timing day. 6-foot-4, 245-pound tight end was presented with a unique Daniels, a 6-foot-1 senior safety, is expected to be opportunity during his spring workouts—catching passes Duke’s first football player taken in the NFL Draft from NFL quarterback Peyton Manning. After Helfet gradusince defensive tackle Chris Combs was taken in the ated in December, Cutcliffe paired him up with Manning as sixth round in 2000. He worked out in front of about the quarterback began his rehab from neck surgery. 25 scouts and coaches, including representatives from “He definitely had positive things to say,” Helfet said. “He both the NFL and the Canadian said he would be there as a reference for Football League. me, which is one of the best references “Scouts love me,” Daniels said. you can have.” “Scouts love me. I’ll “I’ll definitely be getting drafted.” Helfet ranked third on the team in 2011 Daniels earned first team All-ACC definitely be getting with 395 receiving yards on 43 catches, earnhonors in 2011 after recording 126 ing honorable mention All-ACC honors. drafted.” tackles, 14 pass break-ups and two inRunning back Jay Hollingsworth, tight terceptions in first-year defensive coend Danny Parker and wide receivers — Matt Daniels Donovan ordinator Jim Knowles’ 4-2-5 scheme, Varner and 2011 graduate Auswhich allowed the senior more freetin Kelly also worked out on the offensive dom within the defense. Beginning in side of the ball. Kelly was one of three January, the Fayetteville, Ga. native spent five days a week Blue Devils who are still looking to catch on in the NFL after in Duluth, Ga. this spring training with Competitive Edge going undrafted last season. The league’s lockout limited Sports and the other two days in Durham attending class. the chances the trio had of signing with NFL franchises beHe is projected to be a late-round pick, though his stock cause team officials could not make contact with potential is improving after gaining 10 pounds already this spring free agents for much of the spring and summer. while adding more speed, dropping his 40-yard dash time Cornerback Johnny Williams joined Daniels among from 4.47 seconds—a time head coach David Cutcliffe the four Blue Devils to work out on the defensive side of called “faster than 80 percent of what was at the [NFL the ball. The senior converted to cornerback before the Combine]”—to 4.40. He met with representatives from the 2010 season after tallying over 700 combined receiving New England Patriots and New York Jets Thursday, and has yards in his first two years. meetings with other NFL franchises scheduled. At the end of the workout, 2010 Lou Groza Award “He will blow you up,” head coach David Cutcliffe said. semifinalist Will Snyderwine took the field. His workout “He is a great tackler. Defense is still not all that complicat- was highlighted by several booming kickoffs that reached ed.... The more physical you are, the more impact you have.” the Brooks Football Building—standing approximately 10 Daniels added that his “conditioning was a little off,” yards beyond the end zone—on the fly. but he expects it to improve as he alters his training over The Blue Devils have one month left to train before the the coming weeks. NFL Draft, which will be held Apr. 26-28 in New York City. by Chris Cusack THE CHRONICLE

TYLER SEUC/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Senior safety Matt Daniels worked out for NFL scouts Thursday in hopes of being the first Duke player drafted into the league since 2000.

fromstaffreports Ward looks to defend national title alongside five teammates The Blue Devils, led by two-time NCAA champion Becca Ward, have sent three women and three men to compete for national titles of their own at this weekend’s NCAA championships. After the first four rounds of the wom-

en’s competition, which took place Thursday at Ohio State’s French Field House, Duke sits in eleventh place as a team. On Mar. 10, Ward won the Mid-Atlantic/South Regional saber championship for the fourth time in her four-year career. Today Ward will defend her national title as well, as she competes in the semifinal and final rounds.

Ward currently holds second place in the saber tournament, behind Penn State senior Monica Aksamit. Although Ward and Askamit have each tallied 12 victories, Askamit holds the advantage in indicators 40 to 38 heading into the second day. Additionally, Duke sent two competitors in the women’s epée—freshman Sarah Collins and junior Emily D’Agostino— to the national championships for just the second time in program history. With six victories, Collins is tied for 15th place, and D’Agostino holds 19th place with four victories in her third consecutive postseason appearance. The men’s competition begins Saturday in Columbus, with sophomore Dylan Nollner and senior Tristan Jones representing Duke in epée competition, while junior Anthony Lin will participate in the saber event. Nollner and Jones will be fencing at the championships for the second time in their careers, and Lin will make his third consecutive appearance at the event. Blue Devils to welcome Virginia in matchup of top-10 teams

SYLVIE SPEWAK/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Senior Becca Ward needs two victories today to seal the third national championship of her Duke career.

Duke will look to build on the momentum of two straight conference road wins as it re-

turns home to face Virginia Friday afternoon. The No. 3 Cavaliers (13-1, 3-0 in the ACC) have beaten the Blue Devils in the teams’ past eight meetings, and No. 6 Duke (13-2, 2-0) will have to overcome a very talented Cavalier squad to end that streak. Virginia boasts four players ranked in the ITA top 100 nationally, including No. 1 Mitchell Frank and No. 7 Jarmere Jenkins. By contrast, Duke features only two ranked individual players. To beat the Cavaliers, the Blue Devils will need big performances from No. 3 Henrique Cunha and No. 18 Chris Mengel, each of whom has won his past three matches. Cunha was recently named the ACC player of the week for the seventh time this season. Both Duke and Virginia have fared well this season against teams in the top 25, and neither has lost to a team currently ranked outside the top ten. The Blue Devils’ two losses came to No. 1 Southern California and then-No. 15 Pepperdine, who has since risen to No. 8 in the country. Virginia’s only defeat came at the hands of then-No. 3 Ohio State. Following its match against the Cavaliers, Duke will face off against Virginia Tech Sunday. The Hokies (6-6, 2-1) have lost their past two matches.


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012 | 7

MEN’S BASKETBALL

‘Not a juggernaut’: a look back at 2011-12 by Scott Rich THE CHRONICLE

Duke finished the regular season 26-5, ranked in the top 10 in the nation and competing for a No. 1 seed in the NCAA tournament. Through all the success, though, something about this Blue Devil team seemed different from those of the past two years, when Duke earned a national title and two No. 1 seeds. The 2011-12 Blue Devils were sometimes good but rarely great, and in the end their strong resume could not save them from defeat in the ACC tournament and a historic upset in the first round of the NCAA tournament at the hands of 15th-seeded Lehigh. In retrospect, then, Duke’s nearly catastrophic season opener does not seem quite as shocking as it did in November. Many expected the Blue Devils’ first game to be a rout, but Duke instead faced a furious fight from Belmont, escaping thanks to a clutch 3-point basket from Andre Dawkins in the waning seconds. The opener would not be the last time that the Blue Devils struggled to put away inferior teams. The near-disaster against the Bruins was forgotten just four days later, though, as head coach Mike Krzyzewski became the winningest coach in NCAA Division I men’s college basketball after a five-point victory over Michigan State in Madison Square Garden. While the victory was historic, it also served as a marquee victory for the Blue Devils, over the Spartan team that ended up winning the Big Ten. “At halftime I wasn’t sure we were going to have this moment,” Krzyzewski said after the game. “We beat a really good team, and I’m glad now we can just move on.” Duke’s success continued through the early part of what Krzyzewski repeatedly called a “hellacious” nonconference schedule. Less than a week after his milestone victory, the Blue Devils traveled to Maui and defeated Tennessee, Michigan and Kansas in consecutive days to win the Maui Invitational. The victory over Kansas, an eventual No. 2 seed in the NCAA tournament, was additionally notable for the emergence of sophomore Tyler Thornton, who made two clutch 3-pointers to put Duke ahead late in the game. The defensive specialist would eventually stake a claim to the starting point guard role. “People will say it’s a lucky shot, but I’ll say I’m lucky to have him on my team,” Krzyzewski said of Thornton after his miraculous final 3-pointer. The fatigue of an early-season schedule that included six eventual NCAA tournament teams finally caught up with the Blue Devils in Columbus, Ohio, where Duke was blown out by a fresher Ohio State squad Nov. 29. The Blue Devils lost their next road game as well, falling to Temple in Philadelphia Jan. 4. The cracks were beginning to show. Doubters might have thought the two road losses portended more trouble away from Cameron, but surprisingly, this year’s Blue Devils became just the third team in

PLUMLEE CONSIDERING PRO OPTIONS After three years as a Blue Devil, junior Mason Plumlee has decided to “test the waters” of the NBA draft and possibly skip his final year of college to pursue a career in the NBA. Both Draft Express and Chad Ford of ESPN rate Plumlee as the 29th-best prospect and project him to be drafted towards the end of the first round, should he choose to leave Duke. Unfortunately for Plumlee, he will not be able to get all that much more information by testing the waters. Last summer the NCAA instituted an early-entry withdrawal deadline of April 10, meaning that Mason Plumlee a player must make his final decision by that date. Plumlee will have a chance to receive an evaluation report from the 20 executives who form the NBA’s Undergradschool history to go unbeaten on the road in ACC play. Instead, Duke seemed to have trouble maintaining its intensity level on its own home floor. First, the Blue Devils fell at home to Florida State and Michael Snaer’s buzzerbeating 3-pointer, and then suffered another home defeat in overtime to Miami Feb. 5, just three days before a showdown with North Carolina in Chapel Hill. “The biggest emphasis for us was to protect our home court,” freshman Quinn Cook said following the loss to the Hurricanes. “We’ve got to get better.” At the time, it looked like Duke’s season was on the brink of total collapse, especially as the Tar Heels built a late lead at the Dean E. Smith Center. But thanks to an epic comeback capped by Austin Rivers’ deep 3-point swish at the buzzer, the Blue Devils downed North Carolina in one of the most memorable games in the history of the rivalry. Rivers’ shot in the face of Tar Heel center Tyler Zeller became an enduring image of Duke’s season, and the Blue Devils seemed to break out of their mid-season rough patch. They rattled off six straight victories following the win in Chapel Hill, including revenge over the Seminoles in Tallahassee. But with the ACC regular-season title on the line at Cameron Indoor Stadium Mar. 3, Duke came up short, falling behind early to North Carolina and eventually losing by 18, costing them the regular season ACC title. “You give a team like that a 20-point lead, it’s nearly impossible to win,” Duke’s lone senior, Miles Plumlee, said

uate Advisory Committee, but NBA rules prohibit teams from having any contact with players until April 29, the league’s deadline for early entry registration. Plumlee has tantalized NBA scouts with his length and explosive athletic ability since his freshman year, but he has lacked consistency and questions remain about his NBA readiness. While he had several dominant games this year, he struggled in several games against more physical opponents like Florida State. His stock has dropped somewhat since his freshman year as NBA scouts have become less forgiving of inconsistency as he has gotten older. The Blue Devils also face the possibility of losing ACC Rookie of the Year Austin Rivers to the NBA Draft. While Rivers has not yet stated that he will test the waters, he is projected to be a potential lottery pick if he leaves Duke early. He will have until April 3 to decide whether or not he wants to receive a report from the Undergraduate Advisory Committee. after the loss. “We need to fight, like we did at times, for a whole game.” The bad news kept coming for Duke, as third-leading scorer Ryan Kelly injured his foot in practice and was ruled unavailable for the ACC tournament. Without him, the Blue Devils struggled in their first game against Virginia Tech before falling in the semifinals to Florida State. Where just a week earlier Duke was playing its best basketball of the season, the team was now reeling. The late-season losses cost the Blue Devils a chance at a No. 1 seed, setting the stage for the matchup with Lehigh in the NCAA tournament. In the season’s biggest and final shock, Duke faltered against the Mountain Hawks and star guard C.J. McCollum. Despite leading at the half, the Blue Devils fell by five in one of the biggest upsets in NCAA tournament history. Krzyzewski was frank all season that his team had flaws and would take time to coalesce after losing a trio of stars in Kyrie Irving, Nolan Smith and Kyle Singler. During the season, those issues were sometimes masked by road prowess and a surprising 7-0 start, but the season’s final weeks exposed the roster’s flaws as a Duke squad reliant on its long-range shooting struggled from beyond the arc. “We’re not a juggernaut or anything like that,” Krzyzewski said. “We have known that throughout the whole season. You have to do it pretty precise, and we just didn’t play well offensively the last few weeks of the season.”

Duke Men’s Tennis

Today at 3pm Ambler Outdoor Tennis Stadium

Free Burgers and Hotdogs! MELISSA YEO/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Austin Rivers’ game-winning 3-pointer against North Carolina remains one of the defining images of Duke’s 2011-12 season.

#6

VS. #3 Duke

Virginia


8 | FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012

SWEET 16 from page 1 “We just recognized that you have to be able to play any place, anywhere, any time and in any conditions,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said after defeating the Commodores. Now, Duke is just two wins away from reaching the Final Four for the first time since 2006. To play for those two victories, the Blue Devils will make the trek to Fresno, Calif. for the NCAA West regional. The first obstacle will be St. John’s (24-9) in the regional semifinal, the No. 3 seed in the region. Finishing third in a rugged Big East conference, the Red Storm are a battletested and experienced bunch that have proven they have the talent to defeat any team in the tournament. In February, head coach Kim Barnes Aricos’ squad sent shockwaves through women’s college basketball when they knocked off perennial power Connecticut on

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the road. The St. John’s victory at Gampel Pavilion Feb. 18th was just the fourth time the Huskies have lost at home since 2007. The Red Storm won their next four games, extending their winning streak to nine, before Connecticut exacted revenge with a 74-43 shellacking in the Big East tournament semifinals. St. John’s barely escaped 14th-seeded Creighton 69-67 in the first round of the NCAA tournament, but then posted a road win over No. 6 Oklahoma to earn a date with Duke. The Blue Devils have even more reason than the Red Storm to be excited about their high level of play in the first two rounds of the tournament, particularly on offense. In the last two games, against Samford and Vanderbilt, Duke averaged a blistering 89 points per game without relying excessively on any one scorer. Gray, Haley Peters, Elizabeth Williams, Shay Selby and Tricia Liston all finished in double figures against the Commodores,

while the team dished out 28 assists en route to its 96 points. The potent offensive showing over the past two contests is even more impressive given the fact that Williams, Duke’s leading scorer, is playing with a stress fracture in her lower right leg. The injury has limited her to 50 total minutes of play in the first two rounds of the tournament and will continue to affect her for the remainder of the postseason. Even with reduced minutes, the ACC rookie of the year still managed to score a combined 24 points in the two contests. “[Williams] is not 100%,” McCallie said. “I’m really proud of her for fighting through this.” In the round of 16, Duke cannot afford the defensive lapses that plagued it in the second round, especially against a balanced Red Storm offense. The Blue Devils gave up 17 offensive rebounds against Vanderbilt, enabling the Commodores to score 80 points,

the most Duke has surrendered all season. Upperclassmen Sheneika Smith, Nadirah McKenith, Euqenia McPherson and Da’Shena Stevens each average 11 points or better for a St. John’s squad that has won 11 of its past 12 games. “[St. John’s is] an incredibly athletic, good strong team,” McCallie said. “Everybody can penetrate from all spots. They love transition and they love to press.” For the Blue Devils, it will be another weekend of travel, but one player may not mind the long flight to the Golden State. This weekend’s contests in Fresno will be a homecoming for sophomore guard Chelsea Gray, who grew up in nearby Stockton, Calif. “I’m excited, to be playing in front of a lot of family members and close friends,” Gray said. “We’re excited and I think in a good place, but it’s always a battle,” McCallie said. “[St. John’s and Stanford] are very, very good and you have got to be ready to play.”

CHELSEA PIERONI/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Chelsea Gray will return to her home state of California for the regional semifinals.

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RESEARCH STUDIES PARTICIPANTS ARE NEEDED for studies of visual and hearing function using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These studies are conducted at the Brain Imaging and Analysis Center (BIAC) at Duke University Medical Center. Participants should be 18 years or older and should have no history of brain injury or disease. Most studies last between 1-2 hours, and participants are paid approximately $20/hr. Please contact the BIAC volunteer coordinator at 6819344 or volunteer@biac.duke. edu for additional information. You can also visit our website at www.biac.duke.edu.

CHILD CARE CHILDCARE PROVIDER/ TUTOR

A mother and two lovely older children, Girl (12 ) and Boy (10), are looking for a responsible, fun and mature caregiver to pick up the kids from school at 3:15 and be with them until 5:30 p.m. every Monday, Tuesday and every other Thursday and Friday starting immediately through June 8th. Duties include making snack, overseeing and helping with homework, driving to activities on Tuesdays and having fun. Mom would like to find someone who can help with homework, has a perfect driving record and is very reliable and mature. Kids would like to find someone who loves the outdoors (we’re in the country), playing sports, cooking, making art and playing all kinds of games. Must like dogs, cat and sea monkeys. $10-$12/hr depending upon experience (plus gas allowance). Please reply to: mgranda06@gmail.com

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

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An appetite for ethics For students concerned sustainability and ethical food with animal welfare, some production. of Duke’s most loved foods With the threat of greenmay taste a little bit sweeter washing and other insincere atin coming years. Bon Ap- tempts to appear ethical always petit Management Company, looming, it remains important which manages to determine editorial vendors like the whether comMarketplace panies that and the Great Hall, has re- claim to support humanely cently committed to purchas- raised food actually do so in ing 25 percent of its meat practice. Bon Appetit appears and eggs from producers that to be committed to ensuring treat their animals humanely that its pledge translates into and, beginning 2015, will no action. Independent animal longer purchase eggs laid by welfare groups and the Huchickens confined to battery mane Society of the United cages or pork raised in gesta- States will aid Bon Appetit in tion crates. The pledge by Bon selecting humane suppliers. Appetit promises to yield an Crucially, Bon Appetit has exciting improvement in both not ignored sustainability conthe quality and ethicality of cerns that are independent of food on campus and reflects animal welfare. Sustainability the company’s laudable and forms a core part of Bon Aplong-held commitment to petit’s mission, and the com-

sad to see Coach Anderson go. Thanks for the time you invested in this young men, Coach. —“Benjamin Wolf” commenting on the story “Anderson resigns after 15 years.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

pany has a long history of promoting local and sustainable agriculture. Both the Marketplace and the Great Hall serve food from local farms, including the Duke Campus Farm. Bon Appetit also boasts a history of advocating on behalf of farmworkers. In 2009, Bon Appetit signed an agreement with the Coalition of Immokalee Workers—an advocacy group for immigrant laborers in Florida—that outlined a strict code of conduct for tomato growers who sell to the company. The agreement, which emphasizes fair wages and worker’s empowerment, emerged amid a slew of reports detailing abuses suffered by tomato harvesters in southern Florida. In some of the worst cases, workers endured physical violence and

prolonged enslavement at the hands of their employers. Bon Appetit’s dedication to supporting human and labor rights sets it apart from other food providers that champion animal welfare. Chipotle has banned the use of gestation crates in the production of its pork, but it refuses to sign an agreement with the CIW and continues to buy from tomato growers that maintain some of the worst labor standards in the country. Because suppliers often price humanely raised meat at a premium, Bon Appetit may have to pay more for ethical food. Despite the possibility of raised prices in campus eateries, Bon Appetit should pay more for humane products so that these producers can compete with factory farms. In the

event that prices increase, we hope that the University will absorb the price hikes so that students do not have to, as higher prices threaten to push students to eateries that do not offer ethically produced items. Given Bon Appetit’s substantive commitment to not only animal welfare but also environmental sustainability and workers’ rights, we encourage students to prioritize the Marketplace and the Great Hall over other eateries when choosing where to eat. As Duke students, we enjoy the unique privilege of having access to relatively inexpensive, humanely raised and sustainable food, and we should consider voting with our food points to ensure that ethical food production receives continued support.

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L

et’s say you’re a Duke student—undergrad- there will be a one-stop voting location on West uate or graduate—and you’re deciding Campus, where you’ll be able to register and vote whether you want to vote in North Caro- at the same time. Chances are good that during lina in upcoming elections, or if November presidential elections, you’d rather vote in the state your there will always be a one-stop parents live. Maybe it’s not realisvoting location on campus, but tic of me to assume this quandary voter turnout this April and May is keeping you up at night, but will be an important determinant humor me anyway. I’ve made this of whether there is an on-campus argument to many of you in pervoting location for future midson, interrupting you while you term elections and future primary were eating lunch on the Plaza, elections. It’s also easy to learn elena botella maybe catching you in the middle about North Carolina politics—in of a mid-afternoon study session in duke’s biggest party my time at Duke, The Chronicle’s your dorm. For those of you I’ve coverage of North Carolina polinever tracked down, here goes: tics has gotten increasingly more 1. North Carolina politics influence your life extensive. Our elected officials and candidates more. Last Fall, voters in Durham (which in- frequently make stops on Duke’s campus to talk cludes many Duke students) voted to raise the to voters—many of the candidates for local ofsales tax by three-quarters of 1 percent, to fund fice will be at Voter Pride Day on the Plaza this improvements to transit and to increase fund- Friday. ing for Durham Public Schools and for Durham 3. North Carolina is a swing state and not Technical Community College. News flash: You just a swing state but perhaps the swingiest of pay sales tax. If you work on campus, you also all swing states. There is literally not a single pay North Carolina income tax, and you pay state in the country that Obama won by fewer property taxes if you live off campus. I’m not votes than he did in North Carolina; he won wishing this on anyone, but if you ever get ar- the state by fewer votes than there are Duke rested, you’ll be tried in North Carolina courts students. A lot of Duke students mistakenly beby our elected judges, and you’ll be tried by lieve that North Carolina is mostly conservative our elected district attorney. If the name “Mike and is only recently trending blue due to demoNifong” rings a bell, it should be obvious why graphic changes. In reality, North Carolina has Duke students have a stake in electing a fair and a long tradition of bold progressivism—until responsible DA. You breathe North Carolina air, 2010, the last time Republicans controlled both drink North Carolina water and have an incen- houses of the General Assembly was Reconstructive to keep it’s environment green. You drive on tion. In the past year and a half, Republicans in Durham roads and highways or make use of its North Carolina have implemented an incredibly transit—and you might be just as likely to look extreme set of policies—dropping our state’s for work in North Carolina after you graduate per-pupil K-12 education funding to 49th in the as you are to find a job in your home state. The nation, obstructing women’s reproductive freesuccess of Duke as an institution is incredibly dom and making slashes to Medicaid funding related to North Carolina laws; as an example, that threaten public health. No matter what the it will be harder for North Carolina to recruit “big-ticket” issues concern you most—women’s LGBT faculty if North Carolina Amendment rights, fighting poverty, protecting the environOne passes. You’re in Durham for eight months ment—the issues are on the line in a big way in of the year—and at your parent’s house for only our state. a month or two. You might not always think of North Carolina as 2. It is easier to vote in North Carolina. In ad- your home, but if you think of Duke as your home, dition to state and local races, there are also im- then North Carolina is your home, too. Whether portant national elections—for the U.S. House you’re about to finish your graduate program and of Representatives, for the U.S. Senate and for voting against Amendment One will be your only president. If you live in another state and you election in this state, or you’re a freshman with forget to request or turn in your absentee bal- three years ahead, the time has never been better lot, you’ve given up your opportunity to weigh to register to vote here. in on national politics. There hasn’t been an oncampus voting site since 2008—but both for the Elena Botella is a Trinity junior. Her column usuAmendment One vote (between April 19 and ally runs every other Monday. Follow Elena on Twitter May 5) and for the November general election @dukedemocrats.


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FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012 | 11

commentaries

Springsteen’s not a Jewish name

Jim Crow Justice

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his weekend, I will finally become a man. This has little actual value. They are sad people who are Saturday, I will intimately light a few candles also full of crap. The transcendent value of the Boss and take the plunge. I know, I’m a little late (notice, the name is capitalized) is that He is able (some people these days do it when to look so deeply into the abyss and they’re as young as 13), but I wanted come out not with irony, detachment to make sure I was ready to commit myor sadness, but with hope. self to this sort of relationship. That’s Bruce’s albums are littered with right: I’m getting bar mitzvah’d. Were drug addicts, the unemployed, the you thinking of something else? disabled and the otherwise more subCheap jokes aside, the Freeman Cently disenfranchised. One of the greatter is actually hosting my bar mitzvah est lies ever told is that “Born in the on Saturday. Since apparently learning is about the simple glory of harry liberman U.S.A.” to read the Torah without necessarily, America. Rather, it’s a tale of how the jews in the news uh, “knowing” Hebrew requires a bit Vietnam War tore this nation apart. of time, I’ve been thinking about the Simply put, Springsteen is what is, a role of religion in my childhood. Oh, don’t worry, world seen not through rose-colored glasses, but this won’t be a diatribe about what it means to be through an unflinching and utterly American verJewish: I’m saving the good pretentious stuff for the sion of what is. service itself. Hope. That’s what Springsteen was to me and The thing is, by and by, I wasn’t raised religious. to my family. I’m not saying my life was absurdAt all. My father was Jewish, but he was also jewish: ly difficult, but we certainly had our challenges. which is to say, he didn’t really believe in Judaism. Some challenges, like the death of my father, were My mom spent 13 years in Catholic school, and that obviously difficult. Others were more average, should tell you enough about how Catholic she was like the problems I had adjusting to a 1950s-style once she grew up. God was mostly absent from my “How can you have any pudding if you don’t eat life. your meat?” high school. “Growin’ Up,” as Bruce That isn’t fair, actually: There was a God in my entitled one of his best early songs, ain’t easy. Evlife. We went to worship him, regularly, in hymn, eryone I know searches for meaning in some way: and he had a mass of followers all along the too- My search just happened to lead me to pop culLong Island where I grew up. He taught us of hope, ture, as it so often does. of despair, of everything. That his name happened Popular music may seem meaningless, but what to be Bruce Springsteen instead of Yahweh or Jesus we listen to as children matters, because it’s part of was of little import. what shapes our worldview. And in that regard, I was As much as that sounds like a joke, it really isn’t. a lucky child. In terms of religious texts, “Born to Run” is the AlBecause when I found myself in times of trouble, pha and the Omega, the fulfillment of the promise neither Mother Mary nor Paul McCartney came to his E Street apostles told him of in “Greetings from me. Instead, I would pray in full stereo and mono Asbury Park, N.J.” Bruce spoke (and spoke is really and ask from the Almighty Boss above to make sense the right term: singing was never his strong suit) of all this misery. And Bruce responded, and he did to a generation of people caught in the pitfalls of so as such … American life, and He exalted the low. And if you “Let the broken hearts stand think the Christian language is too strong here, As the price you’ve gotta pay. you’ve got two problems. One, it only gets worse Keep pushing till it’s understood and much more cringe-worthy; I’m not even going And these badlands start treating us good.” to act ironic about it. Two, if you think this is bad, Amen. you clearly haven’t listened to enough Springsteen. There are a large number of critics who find Harry Liberman is a Trinity junior. His column runs Bruce painfully sincere, a ra-ra jingoist whose work every other Friday.

lettertotheeditor I was happy to read in Tuesday’s article, “Sexual assault policy changes raise questions,” that the Office of Student Conduct is finally taking steps to create a uniform harassment policy. Instead of extending the statute of limitations for sexual misconduct and harassment from one year to two, the Office has decided to reduce the statute of limitations for sexual assault and rape from two years to one. As Dean Bryan himself writes, “I have reviewed all sexual misconduct cases reported to my office for disciplinary action over the past 10 academic years, and 96 percent were reported in less than a year after the incident.” This reduction to the statute of limitations would have only affected 4 percent of all reports! For students who are concerned about the change in policy, do they really want the statute of limitations to be set at one year seven months 23 days fours hours and 51 minutes (which to my understanding is the longest time a survivor has taken to file a report)? We should be happy, in fact grateful, for achieving 96 percent efficiency; not many production lines achieve that these days. At the same time, critics of this policy change do not realize the external benefits that can come out of the current scenario. For one, by reducing the statute of limitations, we can address the problem of underreporting in cases of sexual violence. It is clear that underreporting is the result of survivors taking their own sweet time in coming forth and reporting, and if we force survivors to be more efficient, more cases can be reported and sexual assault will be recognized as a legitimate problem on campus (if it even is in the first place). In ad-

dition, not all sexual assaults are deliberate acts of violence; some perpetrators just made honest mistakes in coercing others to have non-consensual sex with them. A reduction in the statute of limitations would allow these misunderstood individuals to continue their education without interruption—while I believe no student has ever been expelled by the University for committing sexual assault, some students have faced suspension and have been forced to spend a few semesters away. I modestly propose that since the Office of Student Conduct is already implementing this policy change, it might as well go just a few steps further and mandate that all victims of sexual assault present their cases before the Student Conduct Board before the end of the next working day following their alleged assaults. More time for “healing” and “recovery” is simply a luxury as the University seeks to solve the problem of sexual assault as soon as it possibly can. Besides, we already have sufficient support services through the Women’s Center, Counseling and Psychological Services and Duke Wellness that allow survivors of sexual violence to file reports for disciplinary action in a timely and efficient manner, should they decide to. Of course, a student would have more time to prepare his or her case if the alleged assault happened on a weekend; he or she would appear before the Board by 5 p.m. Monday. People need to realize that the University certainly has its students’ best interests at heart. Ming Jiu Li Pratt ’12

ditI was devastated when the details of Trayvon Martin’s tragic death started to gain national attention this week. George Zimmerman, a neighborhood watchman, shot and killed unarmed Trayvon, who is black. Zimmerman reported that he saw a “suspicious” person, yet no logical reasons for suspicion have been found. Coverage of Trayvon’s story is increasing, in connection with needed race dialogues. These dialogues are reminding rajlakshmi de people of the disastrous reality minority report of racial profiling. Based on the trends in the current criminal justice system, the “suspicions” that some individuals hold due to race might actually be getting worse. Michelle Alexander has compiled data about race and U.S. incarceration rates in her book “The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness.” She makes a severe claim: the Criminal Justice System is the new Jim Crow. When an individual is pegged as a felon, it becomes legal to discriminate in employment, housing and education. The denial of voting rights, jury service and public benefits like food stamps becomes legal. Alexander argues that the criminal justice system is able to achieve the same results of the Jim Crow system through the mass incarceration of blacks and Latinos: People of color are disproportionately disenfranchised and denied the opportunity of social mobility. The process has obviously been restructured, but the legalized oppression is the same. Alexander’s layers of evidence make her claim compelling. Our total incarceration rate has skyrocketed, with drug convictions composing the majority of the increase. The total U.S. penal population has grown from 300,000 to more than 2 million in less than 30 years. We easily have the highest incarceration rate in the world, beating aggressive regimes like Iran, China and Russia. High incarceration rates should not be a source of pride. For a country as developed as the United States, these rates actually reflect an inability to prevent crime, though one might frame it as evidence of effective policing and justice systems The racial disproportions evident in mass incarceration are staggering. The United States imprisons a larger percentage of its black population than South Africa did at the height of apartheid. In Washington, D.C., it is estimated that three out of four young black men can expect to serve time in prison. This disparity cannot be due to differential crime rates. Alexander’s analysis of drug use and incarceration is the epiphany that leads to the New Jim Crow hypothesis. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services studies report that 6.4 percent of whites, 6.4 percent of blacks and 5.3 percent of Hispanics were current users of illegal drugs in 2000. In some states, black men have been confined in prison on drug charges at rates 20 to 50 times greater than those of white men. Is that really justice? The criminal justice system targets people of color. In major cities pillaged by the drug war, as many as 80 percent of young black men now have criminal records. As explained before, this legalizes discrimination against them. It pushes individuals further out of the mainstream and promotes stagnation and recidivism. To try to justify that as criminals being punished does not explain the racial dimension. The combination of minority mass incarceration and legalized discrimination against criminals leads to the cradleto-prison pipeline. The lack of social mobility affects future generations, and the racial implications are terrifying. Nationally, one in three black and one in six Latino boys born in 2001 are at risk of imprisonment during their lifetime, according to the Children’s Defense Fund. These children will be subjected to legal discrimination. If the pattern continues, it does seem like Jim Crow subjugation is currently masquerading as criminal justice. In response to Trayvon’s death, many young black men have been writing and speaking about their interactions with stereotypes. Some report that they choose to purposely counteract the negative assumptions of “suspicious” black men by wearing certain clothes or smiling a lot. Others say they refuse to change in response to false generalizations. Regardless, it is obvious that certain people have an association between black men and crime, and the unbalanced incarceration of black men is exacerbating these harmful perceptions. Seeking real justice requires us to be persistent on many levels. Criminal institutions have to be rebuilt and perceptions need to widen: those are two initial steps toward pursuing something greater than Jim Crow justice. Rajlakshmi De is a Trinity junior and is studying abroad at the London School of Economics. Her column runs every other Friday. Follow Rajlakshmi on Twitter @RajDe4


12 | FRIDAY, MARCH 23, 2012

BEJAN from page 1 designs in natural phenomena. Bejan said his “eureka” moment occurred at a 1995 thermodynamics conference in Nancy, France where he heard Nobel Prize winner and chaos theorist Ilya Prigogine refer to the apparent randomness of recurring natural tree-shaped patterns, like river basins. “When he spoke of tree-shaped structures being the result of throwing the dice, I thought, ‘He has no idea what I know, which is that this is not the case,’” Bejan said. “If the drawing I make is the same drawing he sees everywhere in nature, then the principle that I am invoking intuitively is in fact the principle that accounts for these structures everywhere.” On the flight back to America, Bejan condensed his new thoughts on the matter into what he would call the constructal law. According to Bejan’s research, “For a finitesize flow system to persist in time (to live), its configuration must evolve in such a way that provides easier access to the currents that flow through it.” This principle of the constructal law can be demonstrated in the design of a river delta—gravity forces the water from higher inland elevations to the sea, but the water does not all flow in one jet. It fans out across the delta in a tree-shaped fan, in which the water covers the distance to the sea more quickly with the passage of time. “It’s not about what flows, it’s about how the flow system acquires its configuration and why,” he said. “It’s about designing better channels through which to move.” Bejan applies this concept of flow to systems as diverse as people moving through neighborhoods to ideas spreading through society. The law’s large reach is notable in itself—he noted that it governs the design of everything, including inanimate, animate

THE CHRONICLE

and engineered bodies. The breadth of the constructural law poses a certain challenge, said Tom Katsouleas, dean of the Pratt School of Engineering. “This is pretty deep and profound and broad reaching, and I think because of that it’s a hard one for people to get their arms around,” Katsouleas said. “But like the second law [of thermodynamics], it has led to predictions in what the optimal branching should be and plants and animals and rivers have evolved to have those sorts of characteristics that have been predicted.” Key to this expansiveness is the definition of life in constructal law. Bejan defines life through thermodynamic term, classifying anything that moves as living—a key difference from the traditional biological definition. “A system in which nothing moves is known as a system in the dead state. It follows that anything that moves and morphs its configuration while flowing is not dead,” he said. “What do you call that which is not dead, that persists in its flow and evolution? You call that life.” This thermodynamic definition of life can predict, for example, humanity’s continued fuel consumption in the future, Bejan said. Systems thrive on burning fuel for transport. If humans cut down on fuel consumption, it will therefore result in less movement, such as international travel and transportation. This will lead to a global slowdown. “To argue for reducing the consumption of fuel, based on my definition of life, is to argue for death,” he said. “The history of humanity and civilization is completely oriented the other way.” Global warming will increasingly pressure the design of global society so much that it will force a gradual change to patterns of consumption, he added, comparing

it to severe smog in cities like Pittsburgh that became intolerable and prompted clean-up efforts. Gilbert Merkx, vice provost for international affairs and director of international and area studies, met Bejan at a meeting of Duke’s international affairs committee. When Bejan showed him some diagrams of tree and river flow systems, Merkx, a professor of the practice in sociology specializing in social networks, noticed a parallel to an example in his field: patterns of immigration from Mexico to the U.S. “Migration stream gathers people from different points, they flow together and then they spread out again,” Merkx noted. “Commuters work the same way. They live in the suburbs, they get on a trunk line to go to work, and they get off for their respective workplaces.” The constructal law has been in publication for 16 years, and it has been the basis for publications across a broad range of subjects. The law will continue to undergo scrutiny to vie for a spot as a law of physics, Katsouleas said. “This is exciting because he’s proposed something so fundamental, and when you have a new fundamental law, it really requires the test of time to assess its validity,” he said. “We’re in that period, and it will be exciting to see what those tests show,” The constructal law shows that successful ideas enhance humans’ ability to flow more efficiently through systems, Bejan said. He believes the constructal law is one such idea. “In 15 years, the constructal law has not been refuted by anybody. It is a train on which more and more scientists are climbing and publishing and actually competing with me,” he said. “Good ideas persist and keep on traveling. This is in a nutshell the origin of science, the evolution of science and the future of science.”

ARABIC from page 3 in the Middle East through Arabic media sources, are in a unique position to help correct some of these misconceptions. The background of Arabic language and literature, such as pre-Islamic poetry and the Quran, provides historical context to contemporary Middle Eastern issues. Ernst noted that by the 10th century, Arabic writers covered a wide range of subjects, including religion, grammar and philology. He added that many nonMuslim groups, including Arabic-speaking Jews, contributed extensively to Arabic literature through their own writing. A massive translation movement, which began around 800 C.E., marked an important landmark in Arabic literary history. The movement featured the translation of scientific and philosophical literature from Greek into Arabic, Ernst said. Arabic literature also became notable for its geographic component. “Arabic became the medium for describing the world, much more comprehensively than was possible in other languages before the European expansion of the 16th century,” he added. “Arab geographers combined personal travel narrative with administrative reports to gain much more extensive knowledge of the world than their predecessors.” Still, Ernst noted that, given its breadth, merely skimming the surface of the Arab world’s “grand history” does not do it justice. “[Arabic] is an academic pursuit and a skill at the same time,” said senior Andi Frkovich, who introduced the speakers. “It was beneficial to hear [how knowing Arabic] might benefit you in the future and to hear the rich history of the language.”

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Mar. 23, 2012 issue