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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012

Sexual assault policy changes raise questions

ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 117

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

DKU time frame still uncertain

Taking a stand

by Raisa Chowdhury

by Lauren Carroll

THE CHRONICLE

THE CHRONICLE

Recent changes to the sexual misconduct policy have some students concerned about the impact on assault victims. The adjustments to the University’s sexual misconduct and harassment student conduct policy reduce the statute of limitations for when sexual assault victims must report cases from two years to one. Additionally, the standard for proving someone guilty of sexual misconduct has been reduced, per federal guidance, from a “clear and convincing” standard to a “preponderance of evidence” standard. Some students believe that the changes, which came into effect this Spring, might negatively affect victims who feel uncomfortable reporting an incident. “While I recognize that some may feel that narrowing the time frame for reporting will mean fewer reports, the evidence doesn’t show this to be the case,” Stephen Bryan, associate dean of students and director of the Office of Student Conduct, wrote in an email Sunday. “I have reviewed all sexual misconduct cases reported to my office for disciplinary action over the past 10 academic years, and 96 percent were reported in less than a year after the incident. The average reporting time was within 60 days of the date of the incident, and 40 percent were reported within one week of the date of occurrence.” The adjustments are the product of close collaboration between the Office of Student Conduct and the Department of Education and reflect the University’s efforts to revise policies to meet federal regulations issued last April. Because sexual violence is a subset of harassment, the reporting time frame for acts of sexual misconduct was changed to meet that of the harassment policy, Bryan added.

Duke Kunshan University continues to progress on a changing timetable. Both construction and pending Chinese Ministry of Education approval have pushed the opening of DKU to Fall 2013, Provost Peter Lange said. Approval from the Ministry of Education is required to open a foreign university in China—and administrators noted that there is no predictable time frame for the completion of this process. The most recent rescheduling decision was made two or three months ago, Lange said. He added that there is no sense of urgency to open the campus, noting that he does not expect the opening date to be changed again. Still, he said that “anything’s possible.” It is possible that the next step in the Ministry of Education approval process will take place in the next couple of weeks, said Nora Bynum, associate vice provost for the Office of Global Strategy and Programs and managing director for DKU and China initiatives. Bynum left for China Monday to meet with an expert panel from the Ministry of Education. The panel is expected to visit Kunshan and review the DKU campus and Duke’s proposal—though it is uncertain whether or not they will actually visit the university in that time frame.

Supporting the victims Senior Lillie Carroll, a gender violence prevention intern at the Women’s Center, said taking a leave of absence, suffering from post traumatic stress disorder or initially thinking they can handle the situation and its effects are some reasons why victims may take more than a year to report cases. Social pressure and alienation may also contribute. Students who are participating in the Moxie Project—a social change program for women that involves an introductory class in the Spring, a summer project and a Fall capstone class—have been working on an initiative to meet with administrators and investigate the SEE POLICY ON PAGE 6

Blue Devils prepare for Vanderbilt, Page 7

CHRONICLE GRAPHIC BY MELISSA YEO

Bon Appetit, the company that operates food facilities at Duke and numerous other universities across the country, is taking action to purchase meat and produce raised humanely. SEE STORY PAGE 3.

SEE DKU ON PAGE 5

Fishman discusses future of water by Nadia Hajji THE CHRONICLE

The days of water, water everywhere are numbered, journalist Charles Fishman said Monday. Soon, water will no longer be able to be safe, unlimited and free at the same time, said Fishman, who has been a reporter for The Washington Post, The Orlando Sentinel and The News and Observer in Raleigh, N.C. In his talk at the Sanford School of Public Policy, Fishman expanded on his latest book, “The Big Thirst: The Secret Life and Turbulent Future of Water,” in which he explores society’s relationship with water—traditionally seen as an abundant and free natural resource. “There is a revolution coming in the world of water,” Fishman said. “The economics of water are all screwed up.” In his discussion, Fishman addressed how the world of water is changing, not-

ing the considerable implications for society and his personal experiences researching the matter. He spoke of experiences ranging between standing at the bottom of a half-million gallon sewage tank and carrying water on his head for 3 kilometers with a group of Indian villagers. Fishman also noted the distinction between smart and wasteful approaches to water. The average American uses 99 gallons of water daily for simple activities like washing clothes, bathing and cooking. Fishman said that all of these uses, such as toilet-flushing, do not require perfectly clean water. Simple changes, such as not running water at full force, can help save water. “Free is the wrong price for water,” Fishman said. When something is virtually free, it SEE FISHMAN ON PAGE 5

SAMANTHA SCHAFRANK/THE CHRONICLE

Charles Fishman, center, speaks about the turbulent future of water across the globe.

ONTHERECORD

Sarah P. Duke Gardens vandalized, Page 3

“It is astounding how a single moment or event can change your perception of life in general.” —Ashley Camano in “For the love of the game.” See column page 10


2 | TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

worldandnation

Bike advocates gather to protest against funding cuts

The annual National Bike Summit convenes in Washington this week, with threats to government funding for bike and pedestrian programs leading the agenda. “They want to pick on bike funding as an issue in which they’re going to draw a line in the sand,� Andy Clarke, president of the League of American Bicyclists, which hosts the summit, said.“We think it’s perverse and we’re not sure why we are in the crosshairs, but we are and we’re responding in kind.� In an era of austerity in Congress and state capitals, mandates that a fraction of federal funding be spent on bike paths, bike lanes, walkways and pedestrian bridges have been called into question by those who advocate putting scarce resources into highways and bridges. A House proposal that would have abolished the 20-year-old Transportation Enhancements program stalled last month.

“

The road to success is dotted with many tempting parking places. — Author Unknown

on the

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onschedule at Duke... Trans 101 Training The Center for LGBT Life 2 West Union Building, 11 a.m.-1 p.m. Everyone is invited to this informational session about what it means to be in the trans community and what we can do to support trans individuals.

Mechanisms and functions of synaptic plasticity

Geneticist finds diabetes Jewish school shootings links by analyzing himself trigger outrage in France Over a 14-month period, Michael Snyder, a molecular geneticist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, analyzed his blood 20 different times to pluck out a wide variety of biochemical data depicting the status of his body’s immune system, metabolism and gene activity.

PARIS — France was plunged into mourning and national outrage by the terrorist-style killings of three young children and a rabbi as they gathered for classes at a Jewish school in a quiet residential neighborhood of Toulouse.A half-dozen students were wounded, including a 17-year-old.

Bryan Research 103, 11:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m. Robert Malenka, the Pritzker professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and director of the Nancy Pritzker Laboratory at Stanford, will speak about his cutting-edge research.

EndNote Clinic Medical Center Library, 12-1p.m. Learn how to add citations from databases, insert citations and build bibliographies.

Duke Fly Club French Family Science Center 4233, 4-5 p.m. Dr. Jessica Monserrate and Doug Olsen will present research findings on Drosophila and regulation of genes in the olfactory system. — from calendar.duke.edu

TODAY IN HISTORY

�

on the

calendar

Abolition Day Puerto Rico

Independence Day Tunisia

Petroleum Day Iran ROGER CREMERS/BLOOMBERG NEWS

“You can talk about security all you want, but I’ve found weapons-grade uranium in scrap,� says the radiation-safety chief for Jewometaal Stainless Processing, shown in 2008 in Rotterdam, Netherlands.

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WEDNESDAY:

1965: LBJ sends federal troops to Alabama.

“...the Duke Blue Devils men’s basketball Wikipedia page was hacked by a user by the name BlastinBoner24. Besides awarding players with several inappropriate and phallic-centered titles, the prankster renamed the team as the ‘2011-12 Duke Blastin Boners men’s basketball team.’� — From The Blue Zone bluezone.dukechronicle.com

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TODAY:

World Frog Day International


THE CHRONICLE

TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012 | 3

Bon Appetit commits to Duke Gardens suffer humane food suppliers damage over weekend from Staff Reports by Gloria Lloyd THE CHRONICLE

Duke’s food management company is preparing to launch an industry-leading comprehensive animal welfare policy. Starting in 2015, Bon Appetit Management Company, which operates many of Duke’s dining operations as well as the dining services at more than 400 colleges, universities and other organizations, will not buy eggs from

hens kept in cramped battery cages or pork produced in gestation crate confinement systems. The company does not expect prices to increase as a result of the policy announced last month, the first of its kind to be implemented by a major food service provider, Bon Appetit Resident District Manager Nathan Peterson wrote in an email Monday. “Meat from animals raised in these cruelest of conditions—

gestation crates for pregnant sows and battery cages [for] hens—is not sustainable in the long term,” Peterson said. “We have always gotten requests from students to use more humanely raised meat and eggs and have wanted to do so for years.” The Humane Society of the United States partnered with Bon Appetit in this process and SEE BON APPETIT ON PAGE 6

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The person or persons responsible for damaging property in the Sarah P. Duke Gardens have still not been found, Duke Police reported. The vandalism occurred Friday night or Saturday morning, the Duke University Police Department reported. The damage was reported early Saturday by a person who was jogging through the gardens. The damages are estimated to cost thousands of dollars, said Director of Media Relations Keith Lawrence.

DUPD Chief John Dailey said the investigation was ongoing as of Monday afternoon. He declined to comment on any leads or on possible motivations of the vandal or vandals. The vandals smashed approximately 40 terra cotta flower pots, damaged part of the terrace fountain and displaced a variety of vegetation. The damaged Roney Fountain was built more than 100 years ago and stood at the entrance to the former Trinity College. It fell into disrepair until it was moved to the Mary Duke Biddle Rose Garden spring 2011.

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE

Bon Appetit operates most of Duke’s dining operations, including the Great Hall and The Marketplace.

Approximately 40 terra cotta pots were smashed by vandals during a period between Friday night and Saturday morning. An investigation is ongoing.


4 | TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

New drones to map endangered habitats by Maggie Spini THE CHRONICLE

Some researchers are hoping that soon, remote-controlled airplanes will be more than just toys and instead serve as potent conservation tools. Two conservation scientists have equipped a remotecontrolled aircraft with cameras and GPS to gather images of hard-to-reach landscapes for conservation efforts. Lian Pin Koh, an ecologist at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, and Serge Wich, a biologist at the University of Zurich and research director at international conservation nonprofit PanEco, hope to use their conservation drone to assist the mapping of deforestation and to help count endangered species in places with difficult terrain, such as parts of Africa and Indonesia. Their work has the potential to enhance conservation projects currently underway at Duke.

“It could be hugely helpful in wildlife conservation work,” Emily Myron, who will earn a master’s degree in environmental management this May, said. The drone technology offers a cheaper way of obtaining better quality data, Stuart Pimm, Doris Duke chair of conservation ecology at the Nicholas School, said. The first drone developed by Koh and Wich cost less than $2,000. “If you’re trying to figure out how many elephants or lions there are [in Africa], you can’t exactly count them,” Pimm said. “You can try to count them from a helicopter, but the only problem with that is that you don’t have any permanent record of what you saw, and it’s hugely expensive.... We’re on the lookout for a really... cheap way of getting the data.” The drones, which are mostly autonomous, can run independently. The drones also may improve upon existing mapping techniques. Myron, who spent last summer

working on conservation efforts for the nonprofit African People and Wildlife Fund, noted that although current geographic information system technology—which generates digital data representations of real landscapes, including objects like trees or waterways—is a powerful tool, researchers sometimes face problems with data quality. “If you’re working in developing countries, it’s really a crapshoot in terms of the data you can find,” Myron said. “With... Google Earth, you can use a lot of geospatial analysis without even leaving your computer. It’s pretty incredible what technology allows you to do... but there’s still obviously a lot of value in going to places like Africa and making sure your data is accurate.” Drones could eliminate this problem of accuracy because they would be capable of obtaining real-time pictures, she added, while allowing researchers to see areas that may be otherwise inaccessible. Although scientists at Duke have not yet worked with the drones, Pimm said it is applicable to some of their research. Pimm also works with the Big Cats Initiative, a National Geographic program that funds action-oriented conservation efforts for cheetahs, leopards, lions, tigers, jaguars and other big cats. National Geographic uses materials that Duke students and researchers produce to help inform decisions for the initiative, said Andrew Jacobson, who coordinates BCI activities at Duke. Jacobson received a master’s of environmental management from the Nicholas School in 2010. Jacobson’s current project centers on making maps to show big cat ranges and distributions and understanding pressures on their habitats. Members of BCI also analyze the effectiveness of grantees’ conservation actions, he noted. “We’re hoping to do a drone this summer and put it out in the field and do a field test for the [BCI],” Jacobson said. Charles Welch, conservation coordinator for the Duke Lemur Center, also noted that having a constant source of current information would be invaluable to researchers and to locals in a given area. For his work in particular, drone technology could allow researchers to view lemur habitats—or whole forests. But drone technology would not necessarily be useful for all of his conservation efforts, like studying lemur behavior. “In the area we’re working in, there are some really remote parts of it that take days of walking even to get there,” he said. “The most useful thing would be for the Madagascar National Parks to have use of the drones.... Imagine if they had that kind of technology and the funds to run it, they could really keep an eye on protected [forest] areas.” Researchers hope to provide drone technology to conservationists in Africa using a grant from BCI, Pimm noted. In addition to aiding researchers’ work, Pimm sees conservation drones as having utility for crowdsourcing efforts. Conservation drones can take thousands of photographs, which researchers can stitch together and put online for public viewing. “You want to get people engaged in counting them— the more eyes the better,” he said. “The idea will be to get people to be sort of virtual park rangers.”

@dukechronicle


THE CHRONICLE

TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012 | 5

Romney, Santorum stake claims in Illinois by Philip Rucker and Dan Balz THE WASHINGTON POST

CHICAGO — On the eve of the hotly contested Illinois primary, each of the leading Republican presidential candidates drew inspiration from touchstones of conservatism on Monday and offered himself as the standard-bearer for the right's fight against President Obama. Mitt Romney traveled to the urban campus where Obama once taught constitutional law to lecture the president on the principle of economic freedom, paying homage to the University of Chicago's legacy as the intellectual center of free-market economics. A hundred miles west in Dixon, Rick Santorum tried to channel the spirit and vision of Ronald Reagan during a stop in the former president’s boyhood hometown, hoping to give his insurgent campaign a last-minute infusion of energy. As they journeyed across Illinois, Romney and Santorum each cast himself as the rightful heir to Reagan’s conservative mantle before voters here have their say Tuesday in what has been a tumultuous and increasingly caustic nominating contest. Even as his campaign and its allies pummel Santorum in television advertisements here, Romney looked past his chief Republican rival in a speech castigating Obama as having “attacked the cornerstone of American prosperity: economic freedom.� Romney criticized, in particular, what he called overly burdensome regulations and taxes.

“The Obama administration’s assault on our economic freedom is the principal reason why the recovery has been so tepid—and why it couldn't meet their expectations, let alone ours,� Romney said. “If we don’t change course now, this assault on freedom could damage our economy and the well-being of American families for decades to come.� Romney framed his hypothetical general-election race vs. Obama as a choice not of party and personality but of principle. “Our economic freedom will be on the ballot,� he said, “and I intend to offer the American people a clear choice.� Santorum was working vigorously Monday to deny Romney that opportunity. Campaigning in the northern Illinois town where Reagan grew up, Santorum attacked Romney as a man who will say anything to win the nomination and who lacks the conservative convictions that he said Republican voters should be looking for. With a statue of Reagan on horseback behind him, Santorum cast himself as the true conservative in the race for the Republican nomination. He urged voters to make their voices heard on behalf of the values Reagan espoused as president and, in doing so, to help prevent Romney from becoming the party’s nominee. “A lot is at stake (Tuesday),� he said. “The honor of the town that molded this man (Reagan). What will Dixon say? Will they stand up and uphold freedom, uphold the legacy of this great man and what he did to this country?�

DKU from page 1

FISHMAN from page 1

After the panel visits DKU and discusses the proposal further, they will inform Duke whether or not its application was approved or requires revision, Bynum noted. As of September, DKU was expected to open to students Spring 2013, but now the campus will not be ready for students until Fall 2013. Additionally, new details regarding construction have led administrators to believe that five of the complex’s six buildings will not be finished until late summer 2013. When asked, administrators did not elaborate on the cause behind the construction delay. “It’s a big project,� Lange said. “There are lots of pieces to be put in place, and there are lots of decisions to be made, and that has slowed it down.� Administrators do not need the campus to be open until Fall 2013, Executive Vice President Tallman Trask wrote in an email Monday. The changing timetable may be beneficial for DKU’s academic development. Lange said the extended time period for preparing the campus is not a hindrance but rather provides more time for faculty and administrators to create programs. The first academic program to begin at DKU is a Master of Management Studies program through the Fuqua School of Business, where students will spend their first two semesters in Durham and the third in Kunshan. The first group of students in this program will arrive in Kunshan Spring 2014. Other academic programs for the Kunshan campus—including a Master of Science and undergraduate semester abroad programs through the Duke Global Health Institute— are currently being discussed. They will not be able to be approved unless Academic Council approves a resolution to consider additional academic programming for DKU.

sends the signal that water is unlimited and has no value, he said. If water costs more, people would be more conservative with their consumption. Revenue could also be used to modernize and support water systems and protect the environmental sources of water, like aquifers and rivers. Fishman noted that water is local, which goes against conventions that there is a global water process. This means that if Durham has a water shortage, there is no means of getting water to the community from other cities, he said. Similarly, once a local water problem is solved, other communities’ potential mishandling of water will not affect the local source. Issues such as unemployment make prioritizing water conservation difficult. Fishman said he believes people are taking water for granted. “It’s a value problem,� senior Kathryn Lowry. who attended the discussion, said. “It’s been so abundant. Reading the book made me realize this is a problem we need to face and do something about.� Alma Blount, director of the Hart Leadership Program and lecturer in public policy, invited Fishman to speak in her public policy course titled, “Leadership, Policy and Change.� The course focuses on adaptive leadership—mobilizing people to confront complex, systemic problems that are pervasive and seemingly unsolvable. “‘The Big Thirst’ challenges us to change our relationship to water and says we need to rediscover water’s true value,� Blount said. “The core message of the book is hopeful. Many water problems are solvable, but we have to conjure the will, imagination and leadership guts to address them.�

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BON APPETIT from page 3 helped them select new suppliers compatible with the decision, Peterson noted. Average-sized battery cages confine hens to a 67 sq.-inch space, too small to stretch their wings, according to the Humane Society’s website. The industry standard for pork production includes the use of gestation crates, said Josh Balk, spokesman for the Humane Society’s factory farming campaign. These crates hold pregnant pigs in a space only slightly larger than their own bodies, leaving them unable to turn around. In the several states where gestation crates have been on a ballot referendum, citizens have overwhelmingly voted to ban them, he noted. “They’re in these crates for four years, which is as long as someone would [study as an undergraduate] at Duke,” Balk said. “The pork industry is completely out of step with how consumers feel pigs should be treated when they defend the cruel and inhumane confinement of gestation crates.” Bon Appetit will immediately cease the purchase of veal and foie gras—made from fattened goose or duck liver—neither of which are served on Duke’s campus, Peterson added. Additionally, Bon Appetit committed to purchase 25 percent of its meat and eggs from producers certified as humane by independent animal welfare groups, which will monitor whether farmers allow animals to engage in natural behavior, said Helene York, Bon Appetit’s director of strategic sourcing and research. Bon Appetit will also continue to encourage vegetarian options as part of its ongoing Low Carbon Diet initiative. In early March, Compass Management, Bon Appetit’s parent company, announced a similar policy that will go into effect in

THE CHRONICLE

2017, Peterson noted. “The large national leaders in the meat industry have been much faster to change in response to pressure from consumers, large buyers like ourselves and the public in the form of ballot initiatives than they have been to changing on their own,” he said. In 2005, Bon Appetit became the first major food service company to switch the purchase of its shell eggs to cage-free. However, the majority of eggs used in college dining halls are liquid, pre-cracked eggs, Balk said. Under the new policy, all 11 million liquid eggs purchased annually will also be cage-free. The idea of taking action on humane treatment of farm animals was originally brought to Bon Appetit in 2005 by an American University student, York said. As a result of the student’s efforts, the company committed that year to only purchase cage-free shell eggs, and the company has wanted to expand that cage-free commitment to all its eggs since then, she added. Spurred by what he learned from the American University student, Bon Appetit CEO Fedele Bauccio served on the Pew Commission on Industrial Farming from 2006 to 2008. “He was horrified by what he learned about factory farms,” York said. Since Bon Appetit is a large buyer within the food industry—it purchases 3 million pounds of pork per year—its decision will cause suppliers to either change their production methods or lose business, York noted. “I hope that other companies in the food industry will follow suit with Bon Appetit,” said senior Alana Bossen, president of Duke for Animals. “If animals are giving us the ultimate sacrifice of their lives, then at least we can spend a little bit more money on humanely raised meat and allow these animals to have a pleasant life while they are alive.”

POLICY from page 1 revised reporting policy. Carroll, also a participant in the Moxie Project, said the research shows that in recent years, no students have reported a sexual assault to the Office of Student Conduct more than a year after the incident. These findings may be one reason why people are not fighting back against the policy changes, she added. “It is important to note that students are reporting assaults that happened over a year ago to the Women’s Center—the fact that the Office of Student Conduct isn’t hearing these reports obviously doesn’t mean it’s not happening and that women don’t come forward past a year after the assault happens,” Carroll wrote in an email Monday. Senior Ebonie Simpson, vice president of student life for Duke Student Government and a gender justice activism intern at the Women’s Center, said she questions the administration’s reasons for the policy changes. “By decreasing the statute of limitations, seemingly [arbitrarily], administrators we’ve talked to have not been able to give us real reasons for the change, we are not supporting victims in the ways they deserve to be,” Simpson said. “Instead, we are protecting the perpetrators.” Simpson acknowledges that although the state of North Carolina does not have a statute of limitations for felonious charges of sexual assault, it may be unrealistic to implement the same model at a university. She submitted a DSG resolution that urges the administration to allow victims to report incidents in a time frame that at least accommodates about five years at the University. The resolution, which was approved by DSG with

only one dissenting vote, states that ideally there would be no statute of limitations at the University. ‘Part of our consciousness’ Develle Dish, a feminist campus blog focusing on gender issues, is holding a sexual assault awareness campaign throughout March. “It’s not part of our consciousness to think of rape as something that is very psychologically traumatizing and something that takes long term care and to think about what it would take for a survivor to come to a place where he or she can report an assault or to even acknowledge the assaulted,” junior Sunhay You, the editor of Develle Dish and a gender justice intern at the Women’s Center, said. As a part of the campaign, Develle Dish has been posting firsthand accounts from survivors as well as opinion pieces about topics such as rape culture. “It was really important for Develle Dish to give voices and faces to the survivors and also just shedding light on the internal trauma that takes over a survivor’s life and what that experience is,” You added. “It’s just another way to get students and administrators in touch with what the reality is.” Carroll finds the changes to the statute of limitations uncharacteristic of the University’s traditionally strong stance on sexual misconduct, pointing to the preponderance of evidence and the proactive staff reporting requirements as examples. “We were surprised to learn of the change to the statute of limitations because it seems to counter the feeling behind other aspects of our sexual misconduct policy that are really supportive of victims,” Carroll said.

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Sports

>> BLUE ZONE

The Chronicle

TUESDAY March 20, 2012

Former Duke women’s basketball head coach Gail Goestenkors resigned from the same post at Texas Monday, citing fatigue as reason for her departure.

www.dukechroniclesports.com

WOMEN’S BASKETBALL

The Church of Fandom Duke fans probably knew this day was coming. Most seasons end in losses, not wins. But the ‘cruelest month’ came earlier than expected, with the Blue Devils only hanging around for one song of the Big Dance. The tell-tale signs of defeat were everywhere— jerseys strewn on dorm-room floors, empty gazes, angry hashtags and the staggering silence settling across campus. But how do we justify and rationalize fanaticism when a team can lose like Duke did Friday, sending an entire campus into distress, despair and depression? Andrew Wouldn’t it be easier to have never been a fan in the first place? I don’t know the answers to these questions, but I can say that I believe in fandom because it’s akin to religion for me. I believe in something greater than myself—I’m not quite sure why—and I know it can be my rock and my redeemer during my lowest lows and highest highs. I know when moments like Friday’s loss happen, I am not alone in my misery. Nothing compares to the camaraderie that is born from willingly submitting to becoming a part of something that my own will cannot affect. Would you jump up and down and paint yourself blue if you stood alone in the student section? The comradeship seals the deal—the Crazies wrap their arms around each other during the alma mater after each game, win or lose. As much as I cared about the team, carried out my superstitions and yelled at the television screen, when Duke tipped off against Lehigh I had no say in the outcome. But I was similarly powerless when Austin Rivers hit arguably the greatest shot in the Duke-North Carolina rivalry Feb. 8, capping a miraculous comeback with a moment we will never forget. As Jimmy Fallon’s character says in the movie “Fever Pitch”—a film that probably only makes sense to sports fanatics and suckers for romantic comedies— “It’s good for your soul to invest in something that you can’t control.” Friday night’s clouds of misery form the flood of doubt for why it makes sense to be a fan, but in the distance a rainbow marks the hope that the future holds. For every awkward silence after this year’s home loss to North Carolina, there was a crushed beer can next to the remnants of a bonfire after last year’s victory. And the agonies of loss make the spoils of the next victory that much greater. I have to believe this as a sports fan, rooting for teams that over my lifetime have made a reputation out of being perennial losers. I don’t take pride in this, it’s just a fact. I root for the Mets, Jets and Knicks—teams so messed up that we end up talking more about their off-field issues than their on-field potential. None of those teams has won a championship in my lifetime, and I’ll consider myself lucky if and when they do. Everything we go through makes our bonds as fans that much closer, because as the tunnel grows longer, the light at the end of it only grows brighter. When the Red Sox won the World Series in 2004, breaking a drought of 86 years without a title, surely the rare nectar of victory for their fans was sweeter than it is for Yankees supporters who get a taste seemingly every other year. Hardship spawns great moments at Duke, too. The

DUKE

VANDY

MEMORIAL GYMNASIUM • TUESDAY • 9:30 p.m. • ESPN2

‘Memorial Madness’ awaits

Beaton

SEE BEATON ON PAGE 8

CAROLINE RODRIGUEZ/THE CHRONICLE

Chelsea Gray will likely be tasked with guarding SEC leading scorer Christina Foggie, who has averaged 17.5 points per game this season.

Blue Devils to play Vandy on Commodores’ home floor by Zac Elder THE CHRONICLE

NASHVILLE, Tenn. — Coming off its 82-47 drubbing of Samford in the opening round of the NCAA tournament Sunday, Duke will face Vanderbilt in a second round matchup Tuesday night. The second-seeded Blue Devils will go up against the seventh-seeded Commodores in the unique confines of Memorial Gymnasium, Vanderbilt’s home court in Nashville, Tenn. Tipoff is scheduled for 9:30 p.m. “We like to get that Memorial Madness going,” Commodores’ sophomore center Stephanie Holzer said. “We like to play at home and we’re comfortable here. It gives us a little confidence boost, especially when the game is tight.” Vanderbilt’s home crowd helped the Commodores overcome 10th-seeded Middle Tennessee Sunday night in their opening-round game, in which they never trailed the Blue Raiders. Sophomore guard Jasmine Lister scored 19 points and dished out five assists, and Holzer went for nine points and 10 boards. Although she shot just 3-for-14 against Middle Tennessee, SEC leading scorer Christina Foggie is the Commodores most dangerous offensive threat. The sophomore guard averages 17.5 points per game and shoots over 41 percent from 3-point range. “They are a high-powered scoring machine,” Duke head coach Joanne P. McCallie said. “What [Foggie] has done, and the kind of year she has had is remarkable when you look at where she was last year to this

year. We cannot stop her, but you try very hard to make things more difficult, so that’s a good place to start.” The Commodores boast the nation’s sixth-highest shooting percentage at 46.4 percent, while holding their opponents to just 36.8 percent shooting. Foggie and Lister combine to attempt just over 10 3-pointers per game, and they shoot at clips of 41.2 and 34.6 percent, respectively. Duke’s length on the perimeter proved effective against Samford—limiting the Bulldogs to 7-for-25 shooting from 3-point range—but Vanderbilt will bring a much more balanced attack offensively, challenging the Blue Devils’ defense both in the paint and from beyond the arc. “They have all spots filled,” McCallie said. “I’m not sure that they have a weakness—maybe that they don’t go 12 deep, but neither do we. I think they are an excellent team.” Commodores’ head coach Melanie Balcomb, now in her 10th year in Nashville, seemed more concerned with Duke’s defensive prowess than its weapons on the offensive end. “I am very familiar with it,” Balcomb said of McCallie’s defensive system. “I have coached against it. Now she uses length like Tennessee and LSU did against us this year. She is a very, very good coach defensively.” Blue Devil freshman Ka’lia Johnson has provided McCallie with a valuable role player to keep her defense fresh in recent weeks, especially in implementing an aggressive and effective full-court press against Samford. SEE W. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 8


8 | TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

BEATON from page 7 lore of the 2010 national championship begins with that team’s seniors getting bounced from the opening round of the tournament as freshmen in 2007. The Class of 2012 has never experienced an AP poll in which Duke was not in the top 10. The hallmark of Blue Devil basketball is its success, but crushing losses teach us that winning should not be an expectation or a privilege, but something special. We must treasure the few moments that make it all worth it, because they are the dividends of our suffering.

The glory of the 2010 national championship. The euphoria of the 2011 comeback in Cameron over the Tar Heels. The pride in Coach K’s 903rd win. And Rivers’ shot heard ’round the Triangle. And as I have to sit around for the next half year without any Duke basketball to watch, I thought it was important to remind myself why I’m a fan. I don’t necessarily believe it’s always darkest before dawn, but I believe that the darker it gets, the brighter dawn will feel. And that’s how I can get through times like these: It can feel awfully stupid to care so much about something so heart-breaking, but let’s learn from yesterday and hope for tomorrow.

Check out our sports blog, the Blue Zone, online at sports.chronicleblogs.com

Graduate Student Appreciation Week! March 26-March 30, 2012 Special Discounts All Week! Duke Stores and Gothic Bookstore, 20% off (some exclusions apply), just display your Duke ID at register before you purchase items. The National Association of Graduate-Professional Students (NAGPS) sponsors a nationally recognized student appreciation week each spring. As part of this effort to acknowledge the invaluable contributions made by Duke graduate students to this institution, the Graduate School has organized a week of activities. The goal for this week is to show appreciation by giving students access to tools for professional and personal development and opportunities for social interaction.

Don’t forget to register to participate in some of these great events: http://gradschool.duke.edu/gsa/programs/appreciation_week.php

Monday, March 26, 2012 9:30 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.—How to Identify and Leverage Your Transferable Skills 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.—Alumni Lunch I – Basic Medical Sciences – Come and network! 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.—Developing an Online Teaching Portfolio 4:00 p.m. – 6:30 p.m.—The Art of Networking

Tuesday, March 27, 2012 10:30 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.—Financial Literacy Workshop – “Creditability: Building a Strong Credit History” 12:00 p.m. – 1:00 p.m.—Alumni Lunch II – Engineering – Come and network! 3:00 p.m. – 4:30 p.m.—Theater Delta Performance – Research Ethics

Wednesday, March 28, 2012 9:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.—Presenting Yourself Successfully (Feedback & Video) 10:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.—Finding the Right Fit 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.—Alumni Lunch III – Natural Sciences and Mathematics 1:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m.—Presenting Yourself Successfully (Feedback & Video) 2:00 p.m. – 3:00 p.m.— Lecture: “Begin with the End in Mind: Planning for a Successful Career in Science” 3:15 p.m. – 4:15 p.m.— Post Doc Panel Discussion—“What to Know Before You Go” 5:30 p.m. – 7:00 p.m.—Milestone Recognition Ceremony (for students passing preliminary exams since March 2011)

Thursday, March 29, 2012 9:30 a.m. – 11:30 a.m.—Interviewing Skills Workshop 10:45 a.m. – 11:45 a.m.—Humanities and Social Sciences – Job Search Workshop 1:00 p.m. – 2:30 p.m.—“Is Your Laptop a Pain?” (Ergonomics workshop) 1:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.—Improving Communication Skills (Individual sessions) 2:00 p.m. – 3:30 p.m.—Resilience & Flourishing in Graduate School 4:30 p.m. – 6:30 p.m.—Dean’s Mentoring and Teaching Awards Ceremony and Reception 7:00 p.m. – 9:30 p.m.—PHD Movie

Friday, March 30, 2012 9:30 a.m. – 10:30 a.m.—Financial Aid Workshop 12:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m.—Hurston-James Society Interest Lunch 5:00 p.m. – 7:00 p.m.—Graduate School “CPR” (Come, Partake, and Rejuvenate) Event **Raffle tickets for prizes available at each event. Awards to be announced 04/09/2012

CAROLINE RODRIGUEZ/THE CHRONICLE

With Elizabeth Williams limited with a leg injury, third team All-ACC forward Haley Peters will have to shoulder an increased load.

W. BASKETBALL from page 7 With ACC rookie of the year Elizabeth Williams suffering from a stress fracture in her right leg and potentially seeing less playing time than usual, Johnson and others on McCallie’s bench will have to step up and provide minutes to sustain the aggressiveness of Duke’s defense. Senior Kathleen Scheer and junior Allison Vernerey spelled Williams effectively against the Bulldogs and will most likely see extended minutes against the Commodores as well. Although McCallie touted Vanderbilt—especially its offensive capabilities—in Monday’s press conference, she stayed positive about the challenge of playing as a No. 2 seed on the road. “Nothing is fair in love and war,” McCallie said. “I’m really not concerned where we play, or when we play, but just that we play and play some great basketball.”

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Culture shock Sometimes it takes a bold author described his frustrastatement to make people re- tion and regret that a comalize a change is needed. pany he once passionately The New York Times pub- worked for had reduced itself lished a controversial op-ed to snatching at profits instead March 14 titled “Why I am of building value for clients. Leaving GoldIn the past, editorial man Sachs.” we have argued The piece that financial brought concerns about the services jobs, compared to ethics of the financial services other careers, are unlikely industry back into the public to provide students with a sphere. The piece—written reliable means to generate as a public letter of resigna- social value and that these tion by Greg Smith, former same jobs may only be fulfillexecutive director and head ing for a very slim margin of of Goldman’s United States students. But Smith raises an equity derivatives business in independent concern—that Europe, the Middle East and firm culture can frustrate a Africa—highlighted frustra- well-intentioned employee’s tions with the internal shift aim of building value or in culture that had occurred seeking personal fulfillment. over the employee’s 12-year Smith’s column is not an emcareer at the firm. In frank pirical assessment of firm culand powerful language, the ture in the financial services

I sincerely hope there were some witnesses to this damage.

—“DUl0r4x” commenting on the story “Vandalism reported in Duke Gardens.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

industry, or even at Goldman Sachs. But it raises an obvious concern that extends beyond the financial industry. The concern is this: On the ground realities of the places we find ourselves working can frustrate the very reasons we decided to work there. To put some flesh on it: We may join a financial services firm because we believe coordinating resources in the economy is very important or join the government because we believe crafting regulatory policy is crucial to the functioning of a democratic society. But greedy firm culture may prevent us from realizing value for our clients; lackadaisical government culture can prevent us from making a real difference. These factors tend not to figure into our broad

ethical reasoning, but they are often the factors on which our ethical success turns. College students face the same concerns Smith raises every summer, when we apply for internships and after graduation, when we look to build careers. We take for granted that college students, and people generally, have moral obligations to pursue ethical careers, at least insofar as they have the opportunity to do so. Given the concerns Smith raises, we suggest a natural corollary to this obligation—that we have significant duties to understand the firm culture of the specific places we want to work, independent of the supposed social function of general industries. This puts us in a sort of double-bind:

Naïvely jumping into a firm makes us ethically culpable, but so does ignoring facts about what we will actually be able to achieve there. The only way out is due diligence. Opportunities for ethical careers are not unlimited: We do not think culpability extends to cases where students simply cannot get the job offer, or when they need to pursue financial gain to support their families, for example. Some students will enter careers they do not endorse and take the opportunity to build skills and credibility, and it may be reasonable to accept it in the ethical short term if the long-term effects can justify it. What Smith teaches us is that these ethical considerations are more complex than we often realize.

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SANETTE TANAKA, Editor NICHOLAS SCHWARTZ, Managing Editor NICOLE KYLE, News Editor CHRIS CUSACK, Sports Editor MELISSA YEO, Photography Editor MEREDITH JEWITT, Editorial Page Editor CORY ADKINS, Editorial Board Chair MELISSA DALIS, Co-Managing Editor for Online JAMES LEE, Co-Managing Editor for Online DEAN CHEN, Director of Online Operations JONATHAN ANGIER, General Manager TOM GIERYN, Sports Managing Editor KATIE NI, Design Editor LAUREN CARROLL, University Editor ANNA KOELSCH, University Editor CAROLINE FAIRCHILD, Local & National Editor YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Local & National Editor ASHLEY MOONEY, Health & Science Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, Health & Science Editor TYLER SEUC, News Photography Editor CHRIS DALL, Sports Photography Editor ROSS GREEN, Recess Editor MATT BARNETT, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Recess Photography Editor SOPHIA PALENBERG, Online Photo Editor DREW STERNESKY, Editorial Page Managing Editor CHRISTINE CHEN, Wire Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Multimedia Editor MOLLY HIMMELSTEIN, Special Projects Editor for Video CHRISTINA PEÑA, Towerview Editor RACHNA REDDY, Towerview Editor NATHAN GLENCER, Towerview Photography Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Towerview Creative Director TAYLOR DOHERTY, Special Projects Editor CHRISTINA PEÑA, Special Projects Editor for Online LINDSEY RUPP, Senior Editor TONI WEI, Senior Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Recruitment Chair CHINMAYI SHARMA, Blog Editor MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at http://www.dukechronicle.com. © 2010 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

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hen the first words from the opposite end screws. She fulfilled her greatest passion and had of a telephone call are “Don’t panic, but it stripped from her in the span of a single day. … ” the instinctive and unconscious reacAdapting to college takes a lot of things away tion we have as human beings is to from us. Emotionally, we’re put in do just that. an unfamiliar environment and It’s hard to imagine life withleft to fend for ourselves. We’re out your greatest passions. Your stripped of nearly all the traditional most thought-provoking and timecomforts of home, and we’re faced consuming activities or hobbies, with innumerable emotional and taken from you in a single mophysical stresses. In theory, college ment. What do you do? How do is a time to uncover our passions you react? ashley camano and ignite our psyches, but, by and On a humid day in early Septemlarge, it is a period during which going camando ber, I received a phone call notifying time transpires faster than we can me that one of my closest friends bear to let go of our past. was going to have to find out what life would be Try to remember yourself in high school, without her passion. As a Division-I athlete, her beyond your most unflattering yearbook photomind, body and soul were essentially sold to her graphs. Perhaps you had braces or a terrible case sport. Years of recruitment, hundreds upon hun- of acne. Maybe you wore glasses or accidentally dreds of dollars spent on clubs and camps, all to blinked in your picture. The younger, dumber garner a personalized team room locker, a jersey versions of ourselves were probably a lot cooler on her back and the ability to identify herself as a than our present-day version. Perhaps we were member of the Division-I elite. less intelligent, as we slouched in wooden desks This title was unquestionably an arduous one for nine periods a day; perhaps we were less cato earn. After we graduated high school, her pable of networking or narrating or negotiating. athletic career seemed to fizzle out—her weeks Regardless, those more youthful versions of ourwere no longer planned around sport related selves were probably less prone to settle for less travel, her days were no longer sectioned off than the best. If you’ve let the fire of your old by practice. She enrolled in a prestigious uni- passions die out, rekindle it. versity in which her sport was no longer a priA mere six months after the accident, my ority, or a piece of the proverbial puzzle of life friend was cleared last week to return to the field. at all. She developed a large group of friends, She has refused to live life without her greatand thoroughly enjoyed her first year of college. est passion. On her left leg, she has a tattooed She didn’t realize what was missing from her life excerpt of William Ernest Hensley’s “Invictus,” until it came knocking on her door—an open which she had inked in the 11th grade after the spot on the squad at her university. This was her loss of her father. The tattoo unintentionally gateway back into the passion that she had so foreshadowed her own transformation into Infervently, both painstakingly and passionately, victus. Six months ago, she started by sitting up developed for so many years. at a 30-degree angle, and last week she enjoyed Sept. 4 was a monumental day—the first day the fruit of her perseverance as she returned to she’d ever hear her name announced boisterously the locker room. Her soul is unconquerable. over a loudspeaker, echoing off the metal bleach- She has not winced and would be the last to cry ers of a collegiate stadium. It was also her first ca- aloud. Her head is bloody, but unbowed. She is reer loss, but the feeling of losing was something the master of her fate, the captain of her soul. to be embraced, a feeling of competitive pain that She is the Invictus. she had never expected to feel again. It is astounding how a single moment or event The night of Sept. 4, however, she awoke in can change your perception of life in general. A an ambulance after flipping her Chevy Blazer six single moment can threaten to take away your pastimes on an interstate highway. A medical crew sions, but only if you let it. Take risks and be all but spent 12 minutes extracting her immobilized and complacent. Don’t accept life without what you helpless body through the back of her vehicle with desire, and make the imperfect circumstances bethe jaws of life. She dislocated two vertebrae and come the idyllic, even when faced with crippling wedge-fractured two more. The bones in her back, adversity. Do not settle. Be an Invictus. once cylindrical, were now shaped like functioning doorstops. A litany of tests led to a surgery to Ashley Camano is a Trinity sophomore. Her column fuse her T10 vertebrae to the L1, thereby straight- runs every other Tuesday. Follow Ashley on Twitter @ ening her spine with two titanium rods and eight camano4chron


THE CHRONICLE

TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012 | 11

commentaries

Remembering color

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his weekend saw the culmination of Duke for police officers. Local officers do not have the Students for Humane Borders’ Immigration training or knowledge to act as pseudo immigraAwareness Week with an inspiring speech tion enforcement. delivered by Pulitzer Prize-winning In a debate, presidential canjournalist and undocumented immididate-hopeful, Mitt Romney, degrant, Jose Antonio Vargas. scribed the Arizona law as a “model” “Together, undocumented imfor formulating immigration policy. migrants like me and the citizens Yet, that is just what we don’t need who aid us are increasingly telling at this time: a continuation of the the truth about our broken system,” controversy, fear and alienation that writes Vargas on his website. these laws incite. Those immigrants The weekend also marked the Duke Partnership who escaped Arizona and Alabama signing into law of Mississippi’s antiwere fleeing—there is no other for Service immigrant bill, HB 488. word for it—persecution. think globally, The law requires police officers This environment of fear lives to check the immigration status of close to home, too. Here in Durham, act locally those arrested and prohibits those Section 287(g) of The Immigration without proof of documentation and Nationality Act enables local from starting businesses or “having transactions” police officers to enforce immigration law. Even with the state for services. now, they must check the status of those detained. This bill is only one of a growing number of laws Like the anti-immigrant laws, this agreement can written in the vein of Arizona’s SB 1070, which, encourage racial profiling. Though the law is osin the summer of 2010, simultaneously garnered tensibly for catching “dangerous felons” it is often national outrage and approval. Copycat laws have more likely to cause the deportation of DREAM appeared in several states, including Louisiana, Act-eligible youth and others for petty crimes such Georgia and South Carolina. In fact, according as broken headlights or driving without a license. to Vargas in his speech to students, 162 anti-immiAccording to community members, just this grant bills have been introduced across the U.S. in past week, many immigrant workers feared to even just the past two years. drive their children to school because of a series Last year, the state of Alabama passed the harsh- of police checkpoints that had been set up across est of these “reform laws” thus far. It stripped those Durham. Their fear might seem unjustified if not without papers of most rights, including the rights for the fact that checkpoints are more regularly to enroll in public colleges, solicit work, rent prop- seen in predominantly Latino communities, outerty and access any public services—including wa- side churches that have services in Spanish and ter services. Administrators in K-12 schools were re- even outside stores like Food Lion. quired to track the immigration status of children This isn’t an Arizona issue, and it is not “just” a at their schools. The children, some as young as border issue. This is a Durham issue, and this is a four or five, were required by law to present their national issue. birth certificates at school. Because of this, on the This is an issue that concerns every person on first day of classes last year, towns like Foley, Ala. our campus. “Not just undocumented people need saw high numbers of withdrawals and absences to come out,” Vargas said in his talk to Duke stuof Latino students from school. At Foley Elemen- dents. “The people who support us need to come tary, 19 Latino children withdrew, 39 were absent out, [too].” As voters and student advocates, we and those who did appear were crying and afraid. can take certain actions, however small, to speak Although some of the provisions of this bill have out against these ill-conceived attempts at immibeen blocked by the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, gration reform. the law still stands. Your own state could be among those trying to Ironically, any measure of “success” lawmakers pass similar legislation. There are several steps you hoped to see was overshadowed when thousands can take back home. You can contact your local of immigrants fled Alabama, resulting in the sub- DREAM Team, call your state and local represensequent blow to local agriculture and other busi- tatives, make calls to release DREAM Act-eligible nesses. Without farm workers to tend to the fields, youth arrested for civil disobedience or post a demillions of dollars in crops were lost and left to rot. scription of the law outside your dorm room. Of course, the aspect of these laws—and of AriAnd please, reach out to us at sc154@duke.edu zona’s law in particular—that has elicited the most if you’re ready to speak out. outcry is the requirement that officers check a person’s status if there is “reasonable suspicion” that Shaoli Chaudhuri is a Trinity senior and the co-preshe or she is undocumented. ident of Duke Students for Humane Borders. This colReasonable suspicion can stem from any char- umn is the ninth installment in a semester-long series of acteristic, from the color of a person’s skin to the weekly columns written by dPS members addressing civic hint of an accent. The term is indicative of a vague- service and engagement at Duke. Follow dPS on Twitter ly worded law and provides nebulous guidelines @dukePS

lettertotheeditor I was incredibly saddened to read about the recent vandalism at the Sarah P. Duke Gardens. As an alumna and annual donor to the gardens, I consider them as a part of “home” at Duke—an indelible part of the Duke experience that everyone shares and enjoys in different ways. Although no suspects have been identified, I couldn’t help but wonder if angry students or fans had taken out their anger on the gardens after our loss to Lehigh. I hope this is not the case. Last Friday was disappointing, but also a normal part of loving Duke in an era of extremely competitive college basketball. But Duke is about more than basketball wins. The buildings you study and sleep in and the people you work and live with become part of your DNA. Destroying something communal because you’re angry disintegrates what makes Duke special. Win or lose, the campus is everyone’s home—not the place to lay blame when we come up short. I spent the summer of 2004 in Durham, and one

evening friends and I heard over the radio (yes, we listened to radio way back then) that Coach K was weighing an offer from the Lakers. Half-kidding, I suggested we hold a candlelight vigil to change his mind. The idea spread, and that evening dozens arrived at Cameron painted head-to-toe in hopes that we could convince Coach K to stay. Whether or not he even knew we were there is irrelevant. We took something that seemed like an inevitable loss and created a positive demonstration of how great the Duke family is. We did not descend upon the gardens with torches. Duke is a place where you have four years of encouragement, intellectual freedom and student government funding to make your dreams run wild. Don’t forget how rare and precious a place it is. Celebrate the wins, and take the losses in stride. DDMF, Elizabeth Dixon, Trinity ’05

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don’t know about you, but I prefer to see in color. When I say color, I mean color in the sense of diversity—ethnic, racial and cultural. I believe that diversity is a relevant and essential trait in an educational setting, which is why I am worried about the argument for a “color-blind” admissions process that has re-emerged during a recent case on affirmative action policy in education. We cannot afford to be a color-neutral society until disparities in education and employment cease to be defined and accentuated by race. In Fisher v. University of Texas, Abigail Fisher, a white student from Louisony rao siana State University, held that she was denied admission from the University that’s what she said of Texas because of her race. The case involves a policy called the “Top Ten Percent Plan” that admits public school students in the top 10 percent of their graduating classes into the state university system, a policy that has seen a remarkable rise in the numbers of black and Hispanic minority students. Fisher, who did not graduate in the top 10 percent of her class, claims that additional racial considerations unfairly denied her admission. The case recalls the 2003 case of Grutter v. Bollinger, during which the Court affirmed the use of race as a compelling state interest in the admissions policy at the University of Michigan Law School. What’s interesting about the case is a much-recalled statement by former Justice Sandra Day O’Connor that the use of preferences will no longer be necessary in 25 years. We may have several years to go before reaching our deadline for racial integration in education, but eliminating the affirmative action policy now would only serve to dismantle the efforts to overcome a key obstacle in the path toward increasing racial diversity and equal opportunity in education: removing the institutional barriers to racial mobility. One of the strongest arguments against affirmative action—that it causes the “reverse discrimination” of whites, and in certain cases, Asian-Americans—mistakes a lack of preferential treatment for a denial of constitutional rights. The purpose of such programs, however, is not to discriminate against majority racial groups but to provide preference for minority groups of similar merit. These programs do not, and should not, deny opportunities on the basis of race. Instead, they use race as an additional consideration in the application process, with the ultimate goal of increasing diversity and providing opportunities to those from underrepresented populations. If diversity and access to education are accepted as values on par with academic standing in an admissions decision, then universities have a right to use these factors when admitting students. On these grounds, preference is not a denial of equal protection granted in the 14th Amendment, as Fisher attempts to claim in her case. Even so, it can be argued that giving preference to students of minority groups becomes harmful when it devolves into a policy of racial balancing, where quotas are given for certain groups and students are picked solely on these grounds in order to uphold an institutional definition of what diversity means. By strictly adhering to these quotas, universities could sacrifice academic standards in order to fulfill racial quotas in the application process. There’s also the question of whether affirmative action is actually an effective means of ensuring that minority groups from low-income neighborhoods are given opportunities to receive higher education. Policies driven toward giving preference to socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, rather than certain racial minorities, have been proposed as an alternative to affirmative action programs. Whether or not this policy would be a preferred alternative to affirmative action, however, should still be the decision of the university—the effectiveness of affirmative action is a question of university policy and is not a constitutional issue. As someone who went to an ethnically diverse high school in Miami, Fla., I highly value the influx of different cultural and racial perspectives on education. At Duke, there isn’t necessarily a lack of diversity in the student body, but there does seem to be a lacking acceptance of and desire to socially interact with those outside of one’s racial or ethnic group. And although policies like affirmative action will not necessarily redirect our social preferences, they can help create a setting conducive to greater openness and tolerance for those of different backgrounds. Nothing can reverse or erase the centuries of racist policies that have stifled attempts at racial equality in this country. But efforts can be made to ensure that minority groups, through increased educational and leadership opportunities, do not face such discrimination moving forward. The road to achieving equal access to education will not be in easy one. But we shouldn’t have to wait until 2028 to finish the journey that began in 1964. Sony Rao is a Trinity junior. Her column runs every other Tuesday. Follow Sony on Twitter @sony_rao


12 | TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 2012

THE CHRONICLE

Exhibitions I Recall the Experience Sweet and Sad: Memories of the Civil War. Thru April 8. Perkins Library Gallery. Free. Alexander Calder and Contemporary Art: Form, Balance, Joy. Thru June 17. Nasher Museum. The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Photographs by Frank Espada. Thru July 8. Rubenstein Library Photography Gallery. Free.

Events Mar 20 - Mar 26 March 20 Book Signing and Panel Discussion. Laura Browder will sign copies of her book When Janey Comes Marching Home: Portraits of Women Combat Veterans, and participate in a panel discussion with visiting scholar Sharon Raynor—at Duke studying oral histories—and Beth Ann Koelsch, curator of the Women Veterans Historical Project at UNC-G. 6–9pm. Center for Documentary Studies. Free.

Performers Kamikaze Stop Motion Crew Momentum Sabrosura DCD Dhoom Rince Diabhal Duke Dance Program Duke Ballroom Team

DJ’s Freestyle Dance Life Moonlight Dance Crew NCSU Cloggers Bboy Battle Swing Dance Laasya Mighty Arms of Atlas

Graffiti Art Workshops

Live Music!

Saturday, March 24 12-5PM West Campus Main Quad

FREE ADMISSION More information contact DukeMoves2012@gmail.com

Duke Moves has received support from the Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts and Duke Student Government.

This message is brought to you by the Center for Documentary Studies, Duke Chapel Music, Duke Dance Program, Duke Performances, Duke Music Department, Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University, Department of Theater Studies, and William R. Perkins Library with support from Office of the Vice Provost for the Arts.

March 21 Roscoe Holcomb: From Daisy, Kentucky. Screening of documentary about Kentucky coal miner and banjo player Roscoe Holcomb, by director John Cohen. 7pm. Center for Documentary Studies. Free. March 23 The Mary Play from the N-Town Cycle. A reading translated from Middle English. Mandy Lowell, dir (Sr. Distinction Project). 8pm. East Duke 209. Free. This show will also take place on March 24 and March 25 at 8pm. March 24 Chamber Music Master Class. With the Borromeo String Quartet, featuring Stephen Jaffe’s String Quartet No. 2 (“Aeolian and Sylvan Figures”). 12pm. Nelson Music Rm. Free. Berlioz Requiem. Duke Chapel Choir, Duke Chorale, and Choral Society of Durham join together to present Hector Berlioz’s massive Requiem. 8pm. Duke University Chapel. $20, general; Students, free.

Dance groups from Duke, UNC-Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University Break Dancing and Salsa

The King of Madison Avenue. Ken Roman, former CEO of Ogilvy & Mather, discusses his new book about the making of modern advertising. 5pm. Rubenstein Library, Gothic Reading Room. Free.

March 25 Alice Fest. A showcase of work by local women filmmakers cosponsored by the Southern Documentary Fund. Due to limited seating, RSVP required; e-mail March25rsvp@gmail.com. 2–5pm. Center for Documentary Studies. Free.

Screen Society All events are free and open to the general public. Unless otherwise noted, screenings are at 7pm in the Griffith Film Theater, Bryan Center. (N) = Nasher Museum Auditorium. (SW) =Smith Warehouse Bay 4,C105. (W) = Richard White Auditorium.

3/20 CHAN IS MISSING (Wayne Wang, USA, 1982) (8pm, W) Cine-East: East Asian Cinema 3/21 WAVES OF REVOLUTION (India, 1974) + RAAM KE NAAM (In the Name of God) (India, 1992) (7:30pm) AMES Presents: Reel Revolutions. Discussion to follow w/ Prof. Satti Khanna (AMES). 3/26 SKETCHES OF KAITAN CITY (Japan, 2010) Cine-East: East Asian Cinema

Mar. 20, 2012 issue  

March 20th, 2012 issue of The Chronicle

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