T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 115
Duke senior wins $5k in ACC startup contest
Royster no longer enrolled
For love’s sake
by Charlie Haley
by Caroline Fairchild
Representatives from almost every member of the Atlantic Coast Conference gathered in downtown Durham for a different kind of March Madness Wednesday. The Startup Madness competition brought 19 student teams from across 10 ACC schools—all but the University of Maryland— to the American Tobacco Campus to compete for a number of cash prizes. Duke junior Jake Stauch won first place out of the North Carolina schools for his neuro-marketing company Neurospire. A collaborative health care logistics startup from University of Miami, won the overall prize. Stauch said he created Neurospire through independent research, with the help of a Dutch software developer. The product records brainwaves as subjects experience different forms of advertising and converts the raw data into measurable information that companies can use. The project won one of the competition’s $5,000 prize. With Neurospire, companies can compare consumer reactions to various marketing campaigns and predict which campaigns will be successful, Stauch said. He is currently licensing the product out to marketing research firms in the Triangle area. Scott Kelly, local investment banker and the event’s creator and host, said the competition
Lee Royster is no longer enrolled as a student at Duke, administrators said. Stephen Bryan, associate dean of students and director of the Office of Student Conduct, wrote in an email Monday that Royster is not a student at the University. Royster is currently facing a felony charge related to the car accident that killed senior classmate Matthew Grape Lee Royster Sept. 15. The Durham County grand jury indicted Royster Nov. 14 on the charge of felony death by vehicle. Royster declined to comment, and his attorney Bill Thomas did not respond to multiple attempts for comment. It is unclear whether Royster was suspended or expelled from the University or if he withdrew voluntarily. Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta said he could not comment as to whether Royster withdrew or was dismissed. Speaking generally, Moneta said that in cases when a student’s actions off campus has repercussions for campus affairs, Duke’s Office of Student Conduct often gets involved. Every situation where a student’s conduct is in question is dealt with on a
ANH PHAM/THE CHRONICLE
Wendell Theater Showcase performs “For Love’s Sake” in the Duke Coffeehouse in support of marriage equality in North Carolina.
SEE STARTUP ON PAGE 6
SEE ROYSTER ON PAGE 6
Holocaust survivor recounts spiritual struggle in Auschwitz by Philip Doerr THE CHRONICLE
TORI POWERS/THE CHRONICLE
Rebecca Hauser, a Holocaust survivor, speaks Thursday about her experience at Auschwitz.
Price of birth control could drop in 2013, Page 3
At 22 years old, Holocaust survivor Rebecca Hauser was uprooted from her home in Greece and sent to Auschwitz. Hauser spoke to an audience Thursday evening about how her experiences at Auschwitz-Birkenau and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps affected both her relationship with God and her worldview. “I realized one thing: you are your own self, and you have to do the best that you can whenever you can,” Hauser said. In the past, Hauser has
been somewhat reluctant to share about her experiences, said Claudia Koonz, professor of history and Peabody family chair. Koonz wanted to use this presentation, which was sponsored by the Center for Jewish Studies, as an opportunity to tell an otherwise unknown story. Hauser’s daughter, Bonnie Hauser, told the beginning of her mother’s story, describing her mother’s family’s forced exile from the small town of Ioannina in western Greece to AuschwitzBirkenau in Poland. SEE SURVIVOR ON PAGE 5
DUKE vs LEHIGH FRIDAY • 7:15 p.m. • CBS
Blue Devils begin road to New Orleans by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE
In Mike Krzyzewski’s first career game as a head coach, his Army squad held Lehigh to 29 points as the Black Knights cruised to a 27-point victory. But as the second-seeded Blue Devils prepare to take on the Mountain Hawks in the second round of the NCAA tournament at 7:15 p.m. Friday, Krzyzewski does not expect to have similar defensive success against a team averaging 76.2 points per game.
“...through our Duke education, we learn that the future has a lot more possibilities than we could have ever imagined as freshmen.” —Caleb Duncanson in “The Plague.” See column page 11
“I hope it’s the same score, but I think they may have 29 points after about eight minutes,” he said. Lehigh’s explosive offense is paced by guard C.J. McCollum, who topped the Patriot League with 21.9 points per game this season. The 6-foot-3 junior also leads the Mountain Hawks with 6.5 rebounds per contest. In the Patriot League tournament championship, McCollum carried Lehigh past Bucknell for SEE M. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 8
Blue Devils open NCAA Tournament with Samford, Page 7
2 | FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
Republican primary race trudges on to crucial Calif.
SACRAMENTO â€” California is not exactly the GOPâ€™s idea of home turf. But in the 2012 Republican presidential primary, it is the most important state on the calendar. Californiaâ€™s June 5 primary, despite being the second-to-last contest, is looking more and more like it may determine whether Mitt Romney can win the Republican nomination or whether the party goes to its August convention without a nominee. â€œIf Gingrich drops out and Santorum can go at Romney one on one, it could be competitive all the way to California, in which case California would pretty much decide the nomination,â€? said John Ryder, a Republican National Committeeman from Tennessee who is an expert on the delegate process. Part of the reason is the stateâ€™s sheer sizeâ€”states are given three delegates to the Republican National Convention for every congressional district there.
Spring 2012 Seminar Series: Elizabeth Wilson LSRC A148,10-11:30 a.m. Wilson is Associate Professor at the University of Minnesota. Her talk is titled â€œReducing Greenhouse Gas Emissionsâ€?.
Fear Inc. Westbrook 0014, 6:30-9:30 p.m. Wajahat Ali, a Muslim-American playwright and attorney will talk about perception and reality of Islam in America.
AFL-CIO, Obama talks end Reformers see hope in with little progress made surprise firing of Bo Xilai ORLANDO, Fla. â€” Labor leaders from AFL-CIO ended two days of talks with an agreement to support President Barack Obamaâ€™s re-election while failing to find consensus on his rejection of the Keystone XL pipeline and the location of his partyâ€™s nominating convention.
BEIJING â€” The unceremonious firing Thursday of Bo Xilai, the populist Communist Party chief of the southwestern mega-city of Chongqing, was seen by some observers here as a victory for Chinaâ€™s reformers and a stinging defeat for those known as the â€œnew leftists.â€?
Garrick Ohlsson Bryan Center Reynolds Theater, 8-10 p.m. Ohlsson will perform various pieces composed by Bach and Liszt. He will offer his own interpretation of the compositions.
Duke Players Lab Theater: Lady in the Red Dress Brody Theater, 8-10 p.m. Duke Players wil be performing the play by David Lee, with Alyssa Wong directing. â€”from calendar.duke.edu
TODAY IN HISTORY
S E T N
gotcha! living green
Freedom of Information Day United States
Loco Davi Haiti
St. Uhroâ€™s Day Finland
MARK ELIAS/BLOOMBERG NEWS
Auto detailer Chris Osorio cleans a 2012 Ford Focus at a car dealership in Ft. Lauderdale, Fla., in December. Industrywide, per-store dealership profit has almost tripled from 2008, when the industry bottomed out. President Barack Obamaâ€™s reelection campaign hopes to capitalize on this success.
Evacuation Day United States
Have a great
â€œSo, when Ben & Jerryâ€™s released a limited edition flavor of ice cream at their Harvard Square location called â€œTaste the Lin-Sanityâ€?, itâ€™s easy to understand why it caused quite the uproar: the frozen vanilla yogurt based flavor featured lychee honey swirls and pieces of fortune cookies.â€? â€” From The Chronicleâ€™s News Blog bigblog.dukechronicle.com
O C O E
1968: My Lai Massacre occurs in Vietnam.
Far and away, the best prize that life has to offer is the chance to work hard at work worth doing â€” Theodore Roosevelt
CATCH SOMEONE IN THE ACT OF
6&5,37 9,'(2or :(%3$*(
on a human rights theme?
Enter it in the 2/,9(5:.221= +80$15,*+7635,=( competition!
DOING SOMETHING GREEN
2 CONTEST PERIODS IN FEBRUARY AND MARCH
$500 will be awarded to the best essay and $500 to the best alternative project. The deadline is 5pm on April 9th. Awards will be announced May 3rd. Visit tinyurl.com/dhrc-koonz-prize for more information and submission guidelines. Open to all currently enrolled Duke undergrads.
FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012 | 3
ARTS AND SCIENCES COUNCIL
Council tweaks approval process for global programs by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE
The Arts and Sciences Council has streamlined the process for approving new programs in Duke Kunshan University and other global ventures. After two years of discussion, the council voted to approve updated mechanisms for creating or changing classes and programs in Duke’s global undergraduate curriculum. The new system of approving undergraduate programs is divided into three sections—course changes, program changes and global initiatives. Each of the approval pathways will be dealt with by the relevant council subcommittees. Program proposals will then be presented to the council’s executive committee, depending on the program. “The updates address the need to foster and create new and innovative undergraduate curricular initiatives, while at the same time ensuring best practices of faculty oversight,” said Chair Ruth Day, associate professor of psychology and neuroscience. The updates also apply to proposed programs involving clusters of courses with restricted enrollment and programs involving travel or study outside the United States. The new process is the executive committee’s response to numerous complaints about the existing system. Faculty and council members said they were unsure of when a proposal was needed and to which appropriate committee a
proposal would have to be submitted for review, Day said. This resolution is less cumbersome and time consuming than the previous system and will also ensure that programs are reviewed in a more timely manner. And the global executive committee, for example, will be responsible for strengthening language requirements and increasing oversight for abroad programs. “We approved a resolution that was much needed to clarify a procedure that was essentially already in place but was murky,” Dean of Arts and Sciences Laurie Patton said. “This is a step forward for the council as Duke takes one in the global direction.” In other business: The council heard a summary of proposed undergraduate programs at DKU. They will be comprised of interdisciplinary clusters of courses from multiple departments, Provost Peter Lange said. The undergraduate curriculum will parallel Duke’s innovative initiatives, such as DukeImmerse. Lange said it was critical that DKU implement flexible program planning in its undergraduate curricular initiatives. As opposed to maintaining the constraint of a 15-week semester with rigid class times that characterize Duke, administrators propose that DKU have seven-week halfsemesters—totaling four half-semesters SEE COUNCIL ON PAGE 6
Duke insurance to subsidize oral contraception in 2013 by Jack Mercola THE CHRONICLE
By August 2013, students who are part of the Duke-sponsored medical insurance plan may see a dip in the price they pay for birth control. Students under Duke Student Health Insurance Plan, underwritten by Blue Cross Blue Shield of North Carolina, will have generic oral contraception completely covered, said Student Health Executive Director Dr. Bill Purdy. There are currently around 7,500 students who are on Duke insurance. “Birth control pills are certainly the most common form of contraception for Duke women,” Purdy said. “It is important that we keep the costs as low as we can. I’d love it if we could give everything for free if that would promote better sexual health.” The current prices of birth control pills vary nationwide. According to companies’ websites, pharmacies at Walmart and Kroger offer generic birth control pills for as little as $9 per month to benefit women without insurance, and the Planned Parenthood chapter in Durham offers prescriptions from $22 to $35 per month. Dr. Kimberly Yarnall, director of medical services at Student Health, noted in an email Wednesday that most insurance companies require a copay for non-generic pills that can range from $25 up to $100 monthly, adding that mail-order delivery of drugs—which may be more convenient for college stu-
dents—requires a 90-day prescription. Students seeking to waive the Duke Student Health Insurance Plan with their own insurance plans are not required to have existing contraceptive coverage. Most insurance companies currently cover 80 percent of the costs for birth control pills, leaving the remaining 20 percent to the individual’s responsibility. Additionally, college students are more likely to seek riskier methods of contraception when the price of contraceptive pills increases, according a 2011 study from the University of Michigan. The study highlighted the dangers of increasing the price of oral contraception and concluded that more expensive birth control pills lead to riskier sexual behavior by college-aged women. The study used data from the National College Health Assessment and the 2006-2008 National Survey of Family Growth. “Not having access to reliable forms of birth control or not being to afford them—that’s a problem,” said Brad Hershbein, co-author of the study and a Ph.D. candidate in economics at the University of Michigan. Hershbein and co-author Emily Collins, also a Ph.D. candidate in economics, inspected women’s contraception usage and sexual behaviors after January 2007, when the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 took effect and inadvertently allowed SEE CONTRACEPTION ON PAGE 4
Duke University Chapel
Organ Recitals 2011-12 ROBERT PARKINS Sunday, March 18 5:00 p.m. Duke Chapel Free admission Robert Parkins is the University Organist and a Professor of the Practice of Music at Duke. His recordings have appeared on the Calcante, Gothic, Musical Heritage Society, and Naxos labels, and his playing praised as “artistic, technically ﬂawless, and imaginative” (The American Organist). This season’s recital prog ram, “Fantasies and Fugues,” will include works by Bach, Franck, and Reger on the Flentrop and Aeolian organs.
4 | FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
White House goes all in on re-election effort by David Nakamura THE WASHINGTON POST
The Obama White House moved fully into re-election mode this week, leaving aside any pretense of being above the fray and beginning an unabashed political effort to lay the groundwork for what polls suggest could be eight difficult months of campaigning ahead. Thursday seemed to mark a significant shift in approach and intensity, with overtly political speeches by President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden and the release of a 17-minute documentarystyle testimonial celebrating what the administration considers its most significant achievements. The documentary, narrated by Academy Award winner Tom Hanks, is called “The Road We’ve Traveled,” but it has everything to do with what lies ahead. Although it was produced weeks ago, the documentary’s release comes amid a spate of recent bad news for the president, including some of the lowest approval ratings of his presidency, news that his fundraising efforts have been less robust than expected and some political fallout from rising gasoline prices. Nearly two-thirds of respondents in a Washington Post-ABC News poll cited disapproval over the president's handling of the economy. Obama will hold five fundraisers on Friday—two in Chicago and three in Atlanta. Senior White House advisers profess not to be concerned about the ratings slump, dismissing the results as not reflective of the nation's true mood about the president, who has recently overseen an upturn in job creation. Still, the campaign hopes the video will inject some energy—along with some campaign cash—into the president’s re-election effort, as his Republican rivals continue to slog through a grueling primary season. The campaign said that it planned to hold 300 screenings of the video nationwide on Thursday night, and many them were linked to phone-bank operations or
CONTRACEPTION from page 3 pharmaceutical companies to discontinue selling drugs at a price lower than the retail price. As a result, the average price of birth control pills increased by about $5 to $10 per month to $30 to $50 per month. At Duke, the act was the main factor in causing the Student Health pharmacy at Duke to close in 2009, the study reported. The study indicates that college women were not more likely to increase condom usage. Instead, they more frequently sought contraceptive methods such as Plan B, a high-dosage emergency contraceptive, Hershbein said, adding that women also more often practiced nonmedicinal forms of contraception such as the rhythm method—only engaging in sexual intercourse immediately after menstruation. Consequently, the number of unintended pregnancies rose. In light of these results, Hershbein
new office openings. Until now, the Obama campaign had been content to parry GOP attacks from the sidelines, through conference calls with reporters, videos on YouTube and the occasional television advertisement in markets where Republicans were holding primary contests. White House aides declined to declare any of Obama’s or Biden’s appearances campaign events, other than fundraisers at private venues. That changed Thursday in the key swing state of Ohio, where Biden showed up before a hall of unionized auto workers in Toledo. His appearance, the first of four campaign speeches that aides said will “define the general election,” injected grit where the Hollywood-infused documentary had added gloss. Mentioning the Republican candidates by name, Biden drew the sharpest contrast yet between them and the Obama administration on the economy. “Mitt Romney, Rick Santorum and Newt Gingrich—these guys have a fundamentally different economic philosophy than we do,” Biden said. “Our philosophy is one that values the workers in the success of a business.... We are for a fair shot and a fair shake. They’re about no rules, no risks and no accountability.” Biden’s speech was another clear indicator that Democrats intend to fiercely contest Ohio, which is a must-win for Republicans. The address came just days after Obama decided to make a college basketball game in Dayton, Ohio, his first public event with visiting British Prime Minister David Cameron. Obama’s decision, over the objections of many Republicans, to extend a government hand to the auto industry, Biden added, showed that “he made the tough call and the verdict is in. President Obama was right and they were dead wrong.” The president himself piled on during remarks at Prince George's Community College in Largo, Md., where he delivered his third public speech in as many weeks on his energy policies.
DUKE MARINE LAB
JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE
Although Student Health gives students access to free condoms, oral contraception can become expensive enough that some students switch to risky alternative methods, such as Plan B.
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said he believes that the move to mandate birth control coverage as part of health insurance is “a step in the right direction.” Hershbein added that doing so will likely yield results that demonstrate a direct relationship between the price and usage patterns. Purdy said data pertaining to the contraceptive usage patterns on campus—such as the number of contraceptive prescriptions filled or the number of condoms distributed—is not available. The Women’s Center deferred comment to Student Health regarding contraception use at Duke and declined to comment further on the study. Purdy said he recommends that Duke women keep open lines of communication with their partners to find a way to afford birth control. “I understand that paying… can be a struggle, but that’s a choice that they’ll have to make then,” Purdy said. “And students can come in any time to pick up free condoms.”
Small class size One-on-one attention Accessible professor Supportive learning environment
PLUS – Spend fall semester 2012 at the Duke Marine Lab and enroll in additional Biology, Environment, EOS and English courses, conduct Independent Research, travel to Panama over an extended fall break – and much more!
VIEW A COMPLETE LIST OF FALL COURSES AT
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SURVIVOR from page 1 Nazi policemen woke Rebecca Hauser and her family the morning of March 25, 1944, Bonnie Hauser said. They were ordered to meet other families at the local market within an hour. From there, the Jews of Ioannina were driven through the cold in open military trucks to a train station where they unknowingly began their two-week journey to Auschwitz. Upon arrival at the concentration camp, individuals were given the option of either walking or riding to the showers, Bonnie Hauser said. Against her mother’s request, Rebecca Hauser chose to walk. She was then escorted in line to the showers, where everyone’s head was shaven, and they were ordered to walk wet, cold and naked across the grounds to pick up their clothes. She was tattooed with an identification number, still visible on her left arm today. Rebecca Hauser said her mother, father and the others who chose to ride to the showers were taken to the crematorium where they were killed. Although she occasionally regrets having disobeyed her mother’s request to ride with her on the last day of her life, she also recognizes that if she had done so, she would have been killed. She noted the daily life in the camps and the monotony of menial tasks, such as moving stones and cleaning, compounded with the constant fatigue and hunger. “You just take every day as it is,” Hauser said. “We were like zombies—I was like a zombie, I did not think of tomor-
FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012 | 5
row or yesterday. I felt that this is a place where we shouldn’t be and here we are and we can do nothing about it.” In the camp, Hauser said she lost faith in God. She did not believe that God would have allowed her to be in such a disparaging place. Since her liberation from the camps, Hauser said that she has regained her faith. “I believe in God, and I believe God created this wonderful world, which is sometimes very ugly,” she said. “I believe that all the religions are teaching wonderful things. Humanity takes the wonderful teachings of Jesus Christ and Moses and Muhammad and turns it upside down and makes a tragedy out of it.” Sophomore Kirsten Kaplan, who attended the event, said she was interested in hearing a Holocaust survivor speak, especially considering how rare it is to have the opportunity to gain this perspective. “[The Holocaust story] strikes in a very different way when you hear it firsthand,” Kaplan said. After British soldiers freed Hauser from Germany’s Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945, she woke up in a hospital bed as one of around 100 Jews to return to Ioannina, whose Jewish community had once numbered at 2,000. With the help of her American relatives, Hauser was able to immigrate to the United States in 1947 where she has since lived. “I’ll never forget my horrible experience,” she said. “I am thankful for my life in America. At this time I enjoy my children and their families and staying positive allows me to enjoy my life.”
www.chronicleblogs.com Summer Term 2 July 2 - August 12
Summer Term 1 May 16 - June 28 94.01 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Jacobsen M-F 9:30-10:45 Course Number 1226 This course is an introduction to cultural anthropology. No background in cultural anthropology is required.
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Staff M-F 9:30-10:45 Course Number 1539 This course is an introduction to cultural anthropology. No background in cultural anthropology is required.
110.01 Advertising and Society Collier M-F 11:00-12:15 Course Number1266 This course considers the place of advertising in contemporary society and culture.
117.01 Global Culture Van Vliet MTuTh 2:00-4:05 Course Number1353 Globalization is examined through some of its dominant cultural forms--the spread of markets and commodities, the export of political ideologies, the marketing of pop music, the dissemination of TV culture, the spread of cyberculture.
128.01 Culture and Politics of Latin America Olive MTuTh 6:00-8:05 Course Number1480 Explore key themes in Latin American societies, including art, literature, history, violence and human rights, economic development, and rebellion and revolution.
Advertising and Society
Collier M-F 11:00-12:15 Course Number1390 This course considers the place of advertising in contemporary society and culture.
Culture and Politics of China
MTuTh 2:00-4:05 Course Number 1541 Drawing on ethnographies, NTHROPOLOGY novels, journalistic critiques, and ﬁlms, the course aims to understand the nature and livelihood of the post-socialist China from the varying points of view of migration and new kinds of labor.
180S.01 Capoeira: Culture and Practice Multiple Inst M-F 9:30-10:45 Course Number 1450 Seminar/ laboratory dance course introducing the movement, music, philosophy, socio-political history, and culture of the Afro-Brazilian ﬁght/dance/game of capoeira, created by African slaves in Brazil.
180S.02 Global Health, Law and Technology Cross MTuTh 5:00-7:05 Course Number 1383 Consider how law and technology together affect the types of health services available to people in different parts of the world.
180S.03 Brand New China: Fashion, Cinema Hui MW 11:40-12:55 Course Number 1456 This course serves as an introduction to the cultural politics of the mid- to late twentieth and early twenty-ﬁrst century China particularly the relationship between culture, society, and politics.
War, Media, and Law
Cross MTuTh 2:00-4:05 Course Number 1394 We will explore how war as a form of politics is affected by media and law. Review the cross-cultural history of types of warfare and their relation to public information, norms and laws.
Global Health/Human Rights
Cross MTuTh 5:00-7:05 Course Number 1466 This course examines philosophies, institutions, practices and professional cultures of global health and human rights, with an emphasis on instances where the two overlap. We will consider claims that health is a human right and relationships between health and other human rights.
6 | FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
ROYSTER from page 1 case-by-case basis. Upon the indictment, Royster did not post bond and has not served jail time. Royster was last scheduled to appear in court March 7. Felony death by vehicle is a Class E felony defined under state law as an impaired driver unintentionally causing the death of another person when impairment is deemed to be the proximate cause of death. According to state sentencing guidelines, a person guilty of a Class E felony without a prior record could serve 15 to 31 months in prison or under supervised probation among other conditions, such as house arrest. Assistant District Attorney Kyle Pousson, Law ’08, is the prosecutor
in Royster’s case. Pousson wrote in an email Tuesday that he cannot comment on the case as charges are still pending. With available information from the district attorney’s office and authorities, the University can sometimes finalize its decision on a student who is being charged with a felony before state criminal proceedings are finished, Moneta said. If a student is suspended or expelled, the student is generally no longer permitted in any area of campus that requires DukeCard access. There is no information available from the University to indicate that University disciplinary action has been taken against Royster.
COUNCIL from page 3 each academic year. During these half-semesters, faculty members would have the option of either teaching double-time courses for seven weeks or a longer course spanning 14 weeks, he said, adding that this flexibility should provide time for professors to experiment with innovative teaching methods. Lange noted that innovative methods of education are necessary to revolutionize the Chinese higher education system— a task impossible without the help of leading American institutions. “The Chinese education system is hierarchical, and they are very good at that,” Lange said. “The Ministry of Education wants us to bring our model of the interactive classroom to China in order to broaden the scope of the material taught.” Dr. Robert Kamei, vice dean of education at Duke University-National Universi-
START-UP from page 1 brought awareness to the burgeoning startup community throughout the Atlantic region. “These are the best of the best,” Kelly said. “These are real companies rather than business plans—for the most part these companies have bootstrapped their ideas and went past the business plan and actually executed [them].” The competing teams came from both undergraduate and graduate schools and offered a diverse range of products and services. “You have companies that are growing mushrooms… along with web applications, health care devices, medical devices and others,” Kelly said, noting the broad spectrum of entrants. Mushroom Mountain, a company presented by a Clemson University married couple Tradd and Olga Cotter won second
RELIGIOUS DIRECTORY BUDDHIST COMMUNITY @ DUKE Cultivating and Sharing Wisdom and Compassion http://www.duke.edu/web/meditation
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President Richard Brodhead demonstrates Neurospire, a device that can record a user’s reaction to advertising.
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ty of Singapore Graduate Medical School, presented to the council teaching innovations employed at Duke-NUS. Kamei discussed the institution’s coursework, presented through team-based learning, called TeamLEAD. This method allows enhanced learning and retention, imparting skills to solve real-life problems and work in teams. In this method, students are responsible for learning the bulk of the material before class, using recorded lectures from the School of Medicine along with reading assignments from textbooks and medical journals, Kamei said. Once in class, he added, they are tested both individually and in small groups, where they work together to solve clinically-oriented questions. “The best doctor is no longer one who learns by rote memorization,” Kamei said. “He or she must be able to adapt to a group setting and steer away from purely individualized education.” place overall. It was the only agricultural startup at the event. Building off of their existing cultivation business, in which one Petri dish sample is used to produce up to 1 million pounds of fungi, the couple created Mushroom Mountain to explore how different mushrooms can be used in various industries. The Cotters are currently researching a fungus that may put a dent in the chemical pesticide industry because it acts as a bio-pesticide to fire ants, Tradd Cotter said. Some of the business’ other fungal strands have been proven to have anti-viral or anti-bacterial properties, and some have been integrated into micro-brewed beer. Judges and visitors at Startup Madness were able to sample the medicinal beer throughout the event. A Duke alumnus also appeared at the competition, showcasing a future step in the toy industry. Tom Giedgowd, Trinity ’05 and second-year student at the Darden School of Business at the University of Virginia, showcased the Tee Gee—a “smart stuffed animal” powered through a parent’s iPhone or iPod Touch. “It plays games, it sings songs, it tells stories, and it grows up alongside a child based on different age-appropriate apps,” Giedgowd said. The brightly-colored monkeys incorporate speech, voice recognition and motion sensors and interact with “smart” accessories such as toy bananas, swords and juice boxes. When a juice box is removed quickly, for example, the stuffed animal immediately responds: “I’m still thirsty!” Durham and the Triangle area are perfect for an event such as Startup Madness, Kelly said. “We love college basketball, but we also love startups,” he said. “We enjoy the energy associated with them... and we look forward to sharing that with the world.”
FRIDAY March 16, 2012
Make sure to follow @dukebasketball and @chroniclesports on Twitter for updates from the NCAA men’s and women’s basketball tournaments this weekend.
Duke opens against senior-led Samford
TYLER SEUC/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Youth will meet experience Sunday as No. 2 seed Duke travels to Nashville to take on No. 15 seed Samford in the first round of the NCAA tournament. For the first time in three years, the Blue Devils open the NCAA tournament away from Cameron Indoor Stadium. The teams will tip off at Memorial Stadium 30 minutes after the matchup between Vanderbilt and Middle Tennessee State, which begins at 5:10 p.m. A trio of senior guards leads the Samford Bulldogs (20-12), who were awarded a spot in the tournament after winvs. ning the Southern Conference tourNo. 6 nament for the second straight year. Duke The Blue Devils (24-5), on the other hand, average just 19 years of age. A SUNDAY, 7:30 p.m. lack of experience has not limited Memorial Gymnasium Duke though—the Blue Devils are led by sophomore point guard Chelsea Gray, who topped the ACC with 6.0 assists per game, and Elizabeth Williams, the only freshman finalist for the the John R. Wooden Award, given to the nation’s top player. Samford, in the midst of its fifth-consecutive 20 win season, is led by senior guards Paige Anderson, Ruth Ketcham and Jazmine Powers. Anderson leads the team in scoring with 12.4 points per game, while Ketcham and Powers average 8.8 and 7.4, respectively. Ketcham also paces the team in assists and steals. The Bulldogs only have one starting player over 6-feet though, which may pose a problem against a sizable Duke squad. The Blue Devils routinely put four players who stand 6-feet or taller on the court at the same time. Sunday’s game will be just the third time this season that
Sophomore point guard Chelsea Gray averaged a conference-best 6.0 assists per game during the regular season.
SEE W. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 8
CHELSEA PIERONI/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Elizabeth Williams, the only freshman finalist for the John Wooden Award, will have a major size advantage against the Bulldogs.
Blue Devils look for third straight over UNC The Blue Devils will try to maintain their recent dominance over North Carolina when the Tar Heels come to Koskinen Stadium for a Tobacco Road showdown Friday night at 5 p.m. Duke defeated North Carolina handily by a score of 14-9 last season, its ninth No. 12 victory in the last 10 UNC games between the vs. two teams. The No. 14 No. 14 Blue Devils (4-3, 0-1 Duke in the ACC) have gotten off to a slow start FRIDAY, 5 p.m. this season, though. Koskinen Stadium The team has gone only 1-3 against ranked opponents so far, while the No. 12 Tar Heels (5-2, 0-0) have had early season success, winning 2-of-3 matchups with ranked competition. Duke has scored just 10.4 goals per game this season—ranking the team last in the ACC—despite sophomore Josh Dionne’s team-leading 15 goals. The Blue Devils have also had issues converting on man-up situations, scoring just four goals with the extra attacker on 27 attempts, a 14.8 percent success rate. A goalie carousel of junior Dan Wigrizer, sophomore Mike Rock and freshman Kyle Turri still remains unresolved, with each of the three netminders making a start in the
team’s last three contests. Wigrizer came into the season as the team’s top goaltender, but early mishaps and defensive woes have created an open competition. In contrast, North Carolina is anchored on the defensive end by goalie Steven Rastivo, who made 16 saves—allowing just eight goals—in the Tar Heels’ win over then-No. 14 Princeton, earning ACC defensive player of the week honors. The junior ranks second in the conference with 9.7 saves per game. North Carolina also sports a balanced offensive attack, with seven different players registering six goals or more this season. A total of 21 Tar Heels have found the back of the net this year, compared to just 13 for Duke. Marcus Holman has carried the load offensively for North Carolina, leading the team with 11 goals. The attackman also serves as the team’s primary facilitator, having registered a team-high nine assists. Duke will look to use a supportive home crowd to its advantage. The Blue Devils are a perfect 4-0 at Koskinen Stadium this season, but are winless on the road. Duke has put forth its four highest scoring outputs of the year when playing in front of its home crowd. THANH-HA NGUYEN/THE CHRONICLE
—from staff reports
Josh Dionne paces the Blue Devil attack with 15 goals through seven games this season.
8 | FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
M. BASKETBALL from page 1 In Mike Krzyzewski’s first career game as a head coach, his Army squad held Lehigh to 29 points as the Black Knights cruised to a 27-point victory. But as the second-seeded Blue Devils prepare to take on the Mountain Hawks in the second round of the NCAA tournament at 7:15 p.m. Friday, Krzyzewski does not expect to have similar defensive success against a team averaging 76.2 points per game. “I hope it’s the same score, but I think they may have 29 points after about eight minutes,” he said. Lehigh’s explosive offense is paced by guard C.J. McCollum, who topped the Patriot League with 21.9 points per game this season. The 6-foot-3 junior
also leads the Mountain Hawks with 6.5 rebounds per contest. In the Patriot League tournament championship, McCollum carried Lehigh past Bucknell for an automatic berth in the Big Dance, displaying his wide array of talents with 29 points, five assists, three steals and two blocks. “They have really one of the better guards in the country in McCollum,” Krzyzewski said. “He’d be a really good guard—an outstanding guard—in our league. He’s that good.” McCollum is a part of a deep perimeter attack for the Mountain Hawks that averages 7.4 3-pointers per game, nearly on par with Duke’s shooting-oriented offense that drains 8.1. Nine Lehigh players have hit at least 10 deep balls throughout this season. “They’ve got good 3-point shooters and
depth,” Krzyzewski said. “They’ll be a tough game for us. We respect them.” The Blue Devils, however, have been cold from beyond the arc in their last three games, with just 5.3 3-pointers per game in that span, on 23.9-percent shooting. Forward Ryan Kelly, who is one of Duke’s best 3-point shooters at 40.8 percent, missed the ACC tournament with a sprained foot. While he may be available for sparse minutes off the bench, he is not yet able to assume his usual role. The 6-foot-11 junior’s athleticism from the power forward position could be crucial for the Blue Devils going forward as they try to rejuvenate their offense while facing a quick team that does not play anybody taller than 6-foot-9. “When we have the two Plumlees in there it’s a more congested court,” Krzyzewski said. “At times we were run-
ning offense [during the ACC tournament], and we were offensively challenged, which we haven’t been until Ryan went out.” Mason Plumlee and Miles Plumlee played the majority of the post minutes in
W. BASKETBALL from page 7 Samford has faced a ranked team—it lost to then-No. 18 DePaul in November and then-No. 8 Kentucky a month later. The Blue Devils also lost to the Wildcats during the Fall slate, but they blew out Western Kentucky—the only other regular-season opponent they share with Samford—a team the Bulldogs lost to by one point. —from staff reports
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10 | FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
Elite anxieties Republican presidential America’s colleges, Santorum candidate Rick Santorum re- is affirming that these insticently caused a stir when he tutions are fostering critical referred to American universi- thinking in a way that poses ties as “indoctrination mills” a threat to his conservative, and called President Barack anti-intellectual values. This Obama a “snob” is good, for it for encouraging means that unieditorial all youth to atversities are dotend college. ing their job well. With these comments, he But there is also an unfortuhas added to the canon of pop- nate kernel of truth in his comulist rhetoric against higher ments: While there are many education that can be traced unfounded reasons to attack all the way back to this coun- higher education, universities try’s inception. do play a role in generating As Duke students, we ben- these perceptions. At many efit from of one of the insti- of America’s top colleges, stututions of which Santorum dents are told that they are the speaks so critically. As such, we “best and brightest,” will attain are among those who should fame and fortune and that they listen most closely. absolutely deserve to be there. We should take away at This is certainly the case least two things from Santo- at Duke. Consider Dean of rum’s comments. By attacking Undergraduate Admissions
If you define academic engagement as “frequently discussing ideas from class with other students,” then it seems like friendships and social satisfaction would be a prerequisite for academic engagement, not a result of it.
—“DukeStudentRay” commenting on the story “Four year study details Duke social culture.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.
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Christoph Guttentag’s speech at the Freshman Convocation ceremony this past Fall. In it, he told the Class of 2015 that they had beaten out more students for admission than ever before in Duke’s history; said, with a playful smirk and chuckle, that their Nobel prizes and billion-dollar fortunes would “take care of themselves;” and guaranteed that the admissions committee had not erred by admitting any of them. Guttentag meant well— Duke is home to many exceptional people, and Convocation is supposed to be congratulatory and inspirational. But statements like these are symptomatic of a systematic ill in higher education that is reflective of deeper class divisions: a sense of smugness and entitlement. At elite colleges across the
country, the implicit message is that students there are better and more deserving than students elsewhere. This message is fraught with difficulties. SAT scores, which are heavily weighted in admissions decisions, are strongly correlated with family wealth. More generally, those from the bottom income quartile in the U.S. represent a mere 3 percent of students at the top 150 colleges ranked by The Chronicle of Higher Education. Although affirmative action policies have done much to increase racial diversity at these schools, socioeconomic diversity is still a serious problem. Many—though certainly not all—of us got into schools like Duke partly because we were born into families and circumstances that advan-
taged us since birth: private schools, the money to afford SAT tutors, parents who went to college. Nor must we be fooled into thinking that attending these schools and having access to the benefits they provide makes us intrinsically better than anyone else. Intelligence is not correlated with moral superiority. Our pride should be tempered by the humility that comes with the knowledge that we are, whether you want to admit it or not, lucky to be here and the conviction that our privilege should be used in the service of society. And to those like Santorum, lay off the political rhetoric and work toward productive reform of the college admissions system that encourages greater socioeconomic diversity.
Kony 2012 and the social media master plan
he problem with the world is that a whole lot ingly. Take—and I’m really sorry to bring this issue of things happen, all the time. And a lot of up for the millionth time—the recent Kony 2012 them are pretty big and significant. campaign and Invisible Children, the charity beWell, that’s not actually a problem, hind it. They’ve been criticized for per se. For the most part, these big, oversimplifying issues by generalizsignificant things make for a more ing groups as “The Raped” Ugandan exhilarating, enriching life. The probgirls and “The Abducted” Ugandan lem is in communicating and relaying child soldiers. A real headline that that information to the world. appeared in the video: “The World Enter social media. At every moagrees, Kony is the ‘Worst.’” After all ment, an absurd amount of things his atrocities, the only way they think happen, whether public or personal, to describe him is as the “worst.” With indu ramesh and there’s a lag time associated with this simplification of rhetoric, we writing articles or airing news stories. aren’t encouraged to think of these walk the walk, Twitter and Facebook, however, reissues creatively or complexly. talk the talk duce that lag time to virtual immeBut when your movement hinges diacy—with instantaneous, real-time on the efforts of youth and social meupdates. And that’s not all—they’re liked, shared, dia, how else can you spread your message all over commented, retweeted. They’re discussed. Twit- the world? By demonstrating overly complex, convoter and Facebook become liminal spaces that meld luted reporting and exploring all facets of the issue? awareness and discussion into one—facts and opin- Tl;dr, man. ions, personal and private. A simple, powerful explanation, even if it must So how do you share that information with the exaggerate or have informational holes in order to world swiftly and effectively? With platforms like be that way, can be incredibly effective for the purFacebook and Twitter, you have to be concise, in poses of a Facebook status or tweet, and encouragorder for the post to be one that people read, like, ing people to read, to like, to share in the millions, share and comment on. And, of course, your post virally and explosively. has to be exciting, perhaps peppered with an “OMG Moreover, the focus on spreading awareness GAISE GUESS WHAT!!!!!” Those always make the through Internet hash-tagged collectivized lanbest statuses. guage—#Kony2012, #StopKony—takes the focus But few people are going to read someone’s Face- away from the man himself and puts it on the movebook status if it’s an essay. Heck, Twitter doesn’t even ment, on the flux and flow of information and awarelet you type more than 140 characters into a post. ness. #Kony becomes a trending topic, a cool thing And so, if you learn of something important that to talk about. He becomes much easier to spread to you want to share, you write something brief and millions of people. snappy. You reduce it to what’s most important, what’s And so Invisible Children and the people behind most interesting, what’s most status and tweet-worthy. Kony 2012 used all these facets of social media. And Thus, the rhetoric of Facebook and Twitter is, what did they get for it? More than 78 million views necessarily, reductive. on YouTube in one week. Probably hundreds of opThe problem with this reductive rhetoric is it’s so ed articles in newspapers everywhere. That’s absurd. easy to spread. Liking, retweeting, sharing—these That’s record-breaking. can all be done with a click of a button. And so, when Regardless of all the criticism that they oversimwe do, we either look lazy or are made lazy. We’re plified the situation in Uganda, perhaps they had to, not forced to consider all the facts, the big picture due to the nature of social media. These networks any more—we only have to look at the 140-character provided the only way to reach the number and scale tweet or one-sentence Facebook post and link that of people they did. so many people liked. And then we can share it as we Maybe it was all one big master plan. And, thanks please. Doing so is simple and makes us look cool. to a keen awareness of social media, it’s one of the Even if we do consider every perspective and read all most successful master plans I’ve seen in a long articles on the issue, our Facebook presence reduces time. us to a “like” or a comment. Causes and movements have realized this and Indu Ramesh is a Trinity junior. Her columns runs evshaped the way they spread their message accord- ery other Friday. Follow Indu on Twitter @IRrationally
FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012 | 11
ecently, I have learned a lot about a disease that sometimes things don’t always go according to plan. every undergraduate catches before they gradu- Perhaps, even after working so hard in all your preate. Unfortunately, it is terminal. If you have med classes to keep that stellar GPA, the medical not already caught this bug, then be preschool applications don’t come back pared... At most, you have three years left with acceptances; perhaps, the path before you start putting “last” in front of to graduate school is blocked by poor everything you do. On the plus side, you GRE scores. Sometimes, you even realwon’t be alone when you catch the disize that engineering is not as exciting ease… the disease of being a senior. as you thought it might be, so you deAlmost on a weekly basis, I meet an cide to pursue something else. For a underclassman, and, after the formalities few, it is even the realization that they and perhaps an exchange of majors and are meant to start their own company interests, there is the inevitable query, caleb duncanson when leaving Duke, but that can be full “What year are you?” “I’m a senior.” Their of just as many unknowns. news flash facial expression immediately turns to a So of course people must ask sesympathetic look when they respond, niors, “How does it feel to be graduat“Ohhhh, you’re a senior.” There are several variations ing?” I really have no answer to this, other than that of this conversation, but there is always an expression the miserable conversations filled with “We’ll miss of pitying sympathy, similar to one’s reaction to finding you!” while we’re still on campus make it feel like we a lost dog with a broken leg or a child whose favorite are walking the last mile. Maybe being a senior just toy has been broken. If any passerby were to see the feels like you have learned enough to know that you underclassman’s face, he might think I had a terminal don’t have it all together, but you know a little more medical condition. about what you want to do or don’t want to do than After the diagnosis comes the most frequently asked four years ago. I knew a guy who worked so hard in and dreaded question, “So what are you doing next Pratt because he was sure that he wanted to have a year?” Depending on the timing of this question, it will job in aerospace engineering. He had engineering be answered with anything from, “I’m glad you asked!” internships during all of his summers, from automoto “Ugh, I don’t know yet.” Either way, the myth that se- tive manufacturing to consumer products, but it was niors have their lives figured out by the time they gradu- not until the end of his junior year when he took an ate is clear. I believe that, through our Duke education, aerospace class that he decided it was not for him. we learn that the future has a lot more possibilities than Now he will be working in consulting, but I’m sure we could have ever imagined as freshmen. he didn’t see that coming as a sophomore (let alone According to surveys distributed by the Career Cen- know what consulting is). ter to seniors, around two-thirds of the senior class I write all of this as cautionary tale to those of you reported having their next step figured out. The two who have not yet caught the senior plague, so that you largest groups of seniors, generally, are those pursuing might be open to different possibilities for the future further education and those accepted a job, but that and don’t get so locked into your “plan” that you miss still only accounts for about 60 percent of the class. In the better one for you. If you really must look at seniors the past four years, anywhere from a nine to 12 per- as a dying breed, then take advantage of the opportunicent of the senior class reported that they are unsure of ty right now to talk with us and learn from our triumphs their post-graduation plans. Also, people who are seek- and failures. We still want to get to know you and being employment can make up 15 to 22 percent of the come your friend. Many people I befriended during class. That makes for about a third of the class without their senior year are still good friends, mostly thanks a clear next step. to the wonders of Facebook and G-chat. Therefore, do When we come to Duke as freshmen, many of us not be afraid to get close. have what I like to call the “12-year plan.” We believe we have got everything worked out, down to the othCaleb Duncanson is a Pratt senior. His column runs every er degrees we will have or ladders we will climb, but other Friday. Follow Caleb on Twitter @CMDuncanson
t’s safe to say that over the course of our lifetime, we have all come across some sort of advertisement that talks about hunger. Maybe you’ve seen all the ads in newspapers or on the television that ask you to donate a dollar or two to help end world hunger. Sometimes we even come across those pictures of skinny African children in rural villages, and we just gloss over them. Those kids who display signs tegan joseph of malnourishment, with gimosugu normous bellies and fragile bones. Even I, as an African, be fierce, be real sometimes get a little bit fed up with the aggressive ways of campaigning. It’s not like I don’t have a heart, but sometimes seeing too much of a particular thing can get boring at times. It is also easy to forget that I belong to an elite society. I’m a Duke student... And, as far as I can remember, I have never been plagued by hunger. I have food points. I can simply swipe freely (up to a certain point). When I eat on campus, I don’t eat solely for the purposes of survival. I eat to satisfy myself and for pleasure. When I eat, I do not think about what somebody out there is going through. This past weekend made me put things in perspective. I realized that, even though I may never be malnourished, I do need to understand what the hungry go through. It all started off with an exceptionally full plate, filled with far too many things to do. I was so busy that I forgot to eat for 22 hours. It felt like nothing. I was somewhat convinced that I was just going to fall asleep and wake up the following day to eat. However, I realized that I could not go ahead anymore. I may not have come close to what undernourished or malnourished individuals experience, but it was a life lesson. Hunger is a nasty thing! In fact, it is the worst thing that one should ever go through. However, people go through it every day. Inequality exists in the world, and there are global problems that might never be solved. But, what of if each person could do something to help solve the problem of global hunger? I know that might sound very cliche, but what if we could all play our role in eliminating hunger in America and in the globe? The World Hunger Education Service reports, “In 2010, 17.2 million households, 14.5 percent of households (approximately one in seven), were food insecure, the highest number ever recorded in the United States.” The same year, an estimated 925 million people in the world were undernourished. The vast majority of these individuals lived in Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Pacific. These numbers are pretty high to begin with. Is it luck or fate that I am not on the wrong end of this statistic? Whatever it is, I know that I could easily have been born into a different situation. Even when I hop on the Bull City Connector to go to work in downtown Durham, I’ve come across hungry individuals. They usually ask me to spare them some change, so that they can buy food. Given how often I come across these people, I know that not everyone who asks for money wants to buy food. I feel some sympathy for them, but I also know that there’s little I can do to help them. Nevertheless, even when I am short on cash and can’t donate to an organization that combats hunger, I remember that it is the little things that count. I can start with trying to stop wasting food: Instead of getting large amounts of food, I should actually start with what I can eat. Instead of bypassing food drives organized by several on-campus organizations, maybe it is time I start showing up with a couple of cans of soup. I can also start being grateful for every meal that I have the chance to indulge in. These abstract things may never change the situations of hungry individuals, but it should help me put things in perspective. When I have the resources to donate a couple of bucks, I should definitely do so. Even if it is only $5 or so, it still makes a difference. I have been taking food for granted. Instead of viewing it as a blessing, I have assumed I was entitled to it... but I am not entitled to anything. It is a privilege that I don’t have to worry about where to find my next meal. There are millions of people who go to bed on an empty stomach. Unlike me, they do not choose whether or not to eat. The least I can do is start appreciating what I have. What have I got to lose?
lettertotheeditor Since my submissions to the letter column in the past have most often been a complaint about something or other, I thought I’d mention something great about Duke that is, I think, not mentioned enough: Lilly Library. Lilly was the perfect place to study when I was an undergraduate, and it continues to be perfect years later. The layout of the building and its resources are great—the librarians and student assistants seem to know everything, and they are right there when you walk in. The stacks upstairs are well maintained and provide that feeling of near-seclusion so conducive to work and learning,
and so often missing from university libraries these days. And in contrast to Lilly’s rich stores from the past, the huge collection of audiovisual media and current literature keep the place grounded in the present as well. When I worked at Lilly as a student, it was easy to forget that a place like this, with so many resources and places to work, has to be cultivated by its administrators, librarians and student workers. I’m glad that Lilly is still with us in its present form. John Wright, Trinity ’02
nyuol tong guest column
Online Today Kony 2012: an African perspective Read at www.dukechronicle.com/opinion
Tegan Joseph Mosugu is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs every other Friday. Follow Tegan of Twitter @tjcaliboy
12 | FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 2012
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Published on Mar 20, 2012