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The Chronicle




Brodhead’s performance to be reviewed by Margot Tuchler THE CHRONICLE

Halfway through his second term, President Richard Brodhead will undergo a review commissioned by the Board of Trustees this Spring. The review involves numerous conversations with Brodhead’s colleagues, faculty members, students, almuni and other members of the Duke community. The seven-member review committee is comprised of Trustees and faculty members and is led by Board Vice Chair Jack Bovender. In May, the committee will present its assessment Richard Brodhead to the Trustees, who will decide the reappointment of Brodhead, Bovender said. Bovender, former chairman and CEO of Hospital Corporation of America and Health Administration’69, said the committee will consult a wide range of Duke affiliates, including the deans of every University school, faculty leadership, executive members of the Academic Council and past Trustees. “It’s a very thorough process,” he said. “It takes a lot of time to do it and do it right.” Brodhead, who became president of the University in 2004, was last reviewed in 2007—the midpoint of his first five-year term as president. This Spring’s assessment is part of a regular review process that occurs every five years and was first instituted in 1982. The interviews should be completed by the end of February or the beginning of March, at which point the committee will begin the process of compiling all of their notes into

74 DUKE MIA 78 Duke pays high cost for free-throws by Alex Krinsky THE CHRONICLE

Despite erasing a 16-point deficit in the second half to force overtime, an 0-for-6 performance from the freethrow line in overtime proved to be Duke’s undoing in a 78-74 to Miami Sunday at Cameron Indoor Stadium. It was No. 7 Duke’s second loss in its last three home games, and the first overtime game in Cameron since the Blue Devils won in extra time against Miami in 2009. The Hurricanes established their inside presence early by repeatedly feeding the ball to junior center Reggie Johnson. The 6-foot-10, 284-pound center set the tone by scoring Miami’s first six points of the game. He would finish the first half with a team-high 10 points. “He dominated the paint, is the bottom line,” Ryan SEE M.BASKETBALL ON SW 2



Duke researchers explore funding alternatives Endowment by Ashley Mooney THE CHRONICLE

Duke researchers are taking extra measures to strengthen their applications for NIH grants given a shrinking pool of dollars at their disposal. In order to improve their chances of receiving funding, many Duke researchers are taking advantage of numerous, new University-led initianews tives to improve the quality of applications. analysis Researchers are having to be smarter about how they seek research, whether that means diversifying their interests or applying to both private and public sources. Still, some faculty members—especially those who have had to put their own research on hold—are concerned that the reduced funding will deter some from entering the field of scientific research at all. “Research is a bit like insurance,” said Lee Jones, scientific director of the Duke Center for Cancer Survivorship and associate professor of radiation oncology. “You have to spread your risk. To this end, I have been increasing my collaborations since you need to have several irons in the fire that are associated with your overall program goal but if one fails, you have some back-up plans.”

Last November, Congress ended deliberations without delivering a budget proposal, resulting in spending cuts of $1.2 trillion across government programs—including the NIH—in 2013. The NIH funds scientific research across the country and devotes hundreds of millions of dollars to research at Duke. Increased competition for funds is also causing some researchers to spend more time writing grants, which limits the time available to pursue other projects, said Beth Sullivan, co-director of the Duke University Program in Genetics and Genomics and assistant professor in molecular genetics and microbiology. Although Sullivan noted that she worked long hours as a graduate and later as a postdoctoral student, a principal investigator’s hard work does not necessarily correlate with success. “Cuts have already affected my research by making us shelve several lines of research,” Sullivan said.

from Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

Securing funds The University is taking notable measures to help researchers in the grant writing process. In September, the School of Medicine instated the Path

The Charlotte-based Duke Endowment donated more than $28 million in grants to the University in 2011. According to a press release Feb. 6, the endowment donated approximately $113 million to organizations in North and South Carolina last year, compared to nearly $110.5 million in 2010. Of the funding, $26,141,781 was allocated to University ventures in 2011. The 14 grants allocated to the University and its ventures, include $12.5 million




“[The goal is] to help students communicate effectively without having to get out of their pajamas...” Duke faces North Carolina, SW 3

reports $113M in grants in 2011

—Beth Fox on the STINF process. See story page 3

Blue Devils notch record-breaking victory, SW 5

2 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012



Gingrich remains defiant after big loss in Nevada

LAS VEGAS — Over the past week, in a meeting room at the Palazzo hotel, Newt Gingrich mapped out a detailed strategy that would keep him in the presidential race all the way to the Republican convention in Tampa, Fla., in August. The crux of the former House speaker’s new plan is math: a complex analysis of each state’s delegates, how they’re awarded and how many, reasonably, Gingrich can expect to win. He will focus heavily on upcoming Southern states, where he expects his Georgia roots and conservative rhetoric to play well. And he will step up his attacks on his leading rival, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney, for being too liberal to take on President Barack Obama in the fall. After a lackluster showing in the Nevada caucuses Saturday, the big question looming over Gingrich was whether he would withdraw.




Humanities, Arts & Technology Festival Smith Warehouse, 9 a.m.-6 p.m. This is the first day of this festival, and the day’s events will be held at the Franklin Humanities Institute at Smith Warehouse.

Duke Free Store

New law leads to rise in Netanyahu argues for restraining orders filed tough defense strategy WASHINGTON, D.C. — The number of requests for restraining orders in Virginia has exploded in the past six months, and a review by The Washington Post of more than 50 applications found that neighbors, co-workers, friends and even strangers are using a new law that makes them easier to get.

TEL AVIV, Israel — Prime Minister Netanyahu, who Sunday announced plans to visit the United States in March, said turmoil in neighboring Arab states and threats from Iran show that Israel must build up its military, saying,“The only thing that ensures our existence is our strength.”

Bryan Center, 11 a.m.-5 p.m. Duke’s Free Store allows Duke students, staff and faculty to donate and/or take any gently used office supplies, books, classroom supplies or other miscellaneous items.

Seminar: Identity, Satire and Responsiility West Duke 101, 5-6:30 p.m. Philip Roth’s 1969 novel “Portnoy’s Complaint” will be analyzed and discussed.

Social Conscience and Buddhism Bray Center, 7 p.m. This discussion will discuss the theme of social conscience and whether it is a prerequisite for Buddhahood.

TODAY IN HISTORY 1952: Elizabeth II ascends to the throne of the United Kingdom.

“Apparently, you don’t develop any establishment ties from being in Congress for two decades (four years of which were spent as the Speaker of the House and thus second in the presidential line of succession). Neither does offering consulting services to Freddie Mac.” — From The Chronicle’s News Blog


at Duke...

As we advance in life, it becomes more and more difficult, but in fighting the difficulties the inmost strength of the heart is developed. — Vincent van Gogh

on the



on the

calendar Unity Day Burundi

Constitution Day Mexico


Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan makes his way through a crowd of media photographers. Jonathan has been placed under a heightened level of scrutiny after a series of Islamist militant attacks and a general strike in January in reaction to increased gasoline costs.

Liberation of the Republic from the Alberoni Occupation San Marino

President’s Day Republic of the Congo

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MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012 | 3

STINF sees fewer student Romney wins submissions in Fall 2011 overwhelming victory in Nevada by Margot Tuchler THE CHRONICLE

Changes to the short-term illness notification form policies likely contributed to a decrease in student use during the Fall. Usage of the short-term illness notification form was significantly reduced in Fall 2011 as compared to Fall 2010, said Lee Baker, dean of academic affairs for Trinity College of Arts & Sciences and associate vice provost for undergraduate education. In 2010, 7190 forms were submitted, compared to 5740 submitted last semester—indicating a 20 percent decline, Baker wrote in an email Thursday.


5,740 submissions Number of STINF submissions during Fall 2011

7,190 submissions Number of STINF submissions during Fall 2010

At the beginning of this academic year, the administration— in collaboration with the Honor Council—made changes to the STINF policy in response to the faculty’s concerns of student misuse. Administrators and faculty wanted to increase student accountability, said Norman Keul, an associate dean in Trinity College and adjunct associate professor of German. “The concern the faculty had, as well as we in the Dean’s office, is that the system was so magnanimous that students could, at two in the morning, submit a STINF,” Keul said. “There was no need to contact the faculty member afterwards to have a conversation and account for their actions.” Beginning Fall 2011, students were required to contact their professors within 48 hours of submitting the form. Otherwise, professors were under no obligation to accept work from students who miss class. Keul noted that up until last semester, STINF usage had been steadily increasing since its creation in 2003. It remains unclear whether or not the decline in STINF use in this Fall is a direct result of the changes. “We’ll of course look at [the numbers] again at the end of the semester to see whether that

sort of decline continues,” Keul said. “I have no idea how it will change.” Some students said their approach to the STINF has not changed at all. Sophomore Hilary Novatt said she used the STINF last year, and her habits have remained the same. “I use it when I need it, and I think I know when I need it,” Novatt said. Junior Matt Carder said he received an email at the beginning of the year that urged students to only use the STINF when it was essential. The email, which was sent by Baker, did not have any effect on the way he views the form, and he said he believes that is also the case for his peers. “It’s probably still used the same way,” he said, noting that he has not used the form yet this year. Elizabeth Fox, director of the Academic Advising Center and associate dean of Trinity College, said the changes served to clarify the original purpose of the STINF system as it was conceived eight years ago. “Faculty had questions, students had questions, I as a dean had questions, and we just

Muffin Meals Baking Contest!



LAS VEGAS — Mitt Romney won an overwhelming victory in Saturday's Nevada caucuses, giving the former Massachusetts governor his second consecutive victory of the year as he tightened his claim to dominant front-runner status in what had been a turbulent Republican presidential race. After his easy victory in Florida last Tuesday, Romney’s big win in Nevada, where he also won four years ago, will provide additional momentum heading to Tuesday’s caucuses in Colorado and Minnesota and set him up for more significant primaries in Michigan and Arizona at the end of the month. The outcome will increase pressure on his rivals to demonstrate how and where they plan to stop him, if they can. Romney was far ahead of his closest rivals. Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich and Rep. Ron Paul of Texas were battling for second place. Former Sen. Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania was running fourth. Turnout was far below that of the primaries in Florida, South Carolina or New

Hampshire and less than in Iowa’s caucuses. As Romney celebrated his third victory in five contests, his rivals vowed to continue fighting. But the upcoming calendar provides those chasing Romney with few significant opportunities for victory in coming weeks. Gingrich and Santorum would each like to take on Romney without the other draining off conservative votes, but neither has shown any interest in bowing to the other. Paul demonstrated again in Nevada that he can do well in caucus states with limited turnout, but has yet to show real strength in a big state. The first weeks of the Republican race have played out at the pace of a sprint. But the primarycaucus calendar slows to a walk in February, before resuming with a flurry of contests March 6, this year’s Super Tuesday. Romney is favored in Colorado on Tuesday, whereas Minnesota is less predictable. Maine caucuses began Saturday but will not be completed for a week. Both Arizona and Michigan are regarded SEE ROMNEY ON PAGE 4

It is time for our student baking contest!

“With every purchase, you are supporting a better life for our community.”

This year we are looking for original muffin recipes that are healthy enough to be considered a breakfast meal. You can enter your recipe in one of three categories: Sweet, Savory or Vegan. Think outside the muffin cup and create recipes using herbs, spices, veggies, fruits—surprise us! There will be one grand prize winner and 2 runner up winners. Grand prize winner will receive a prize and have their muffin featured on the Great Hall menu for one week. Put on your chef hat and submit your recipe by February 27th, 2012. Follow the link below to submit recipes and read contest rules:

Good Luck!

-Yolanda Simon

TAKE PRIDE IN CLOTHES THAT MAKE A DIFFERENCE Show your Duke pride while buying t-shirts and sweatshirts that improve the lives of the workers who made them. t The workers in the Dominican Republic who make Alta Gracia clothing are paid a living wage that is three times what factories usually pay: $500 per month instead of $147. t A living wage is a pathway out of poverty. t That’s why socially conscious consumers buy Alta Gracia clothing. Duke University Stores made the first commitment to order products from this groundbreaking factory. Available at the following locations: University Store Medical Center Bookstore East Campus Store

4 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012

BRODHEAD from page 1 a formal review, Bovender said. The review committee includes Trustees Frank Emory, Trinity ’79; Robin Ferracone, Trinity ’75; and John Harpham, Trinity ’10. Joining the Trustees are Linda Burton, James B. Duke professor of sociology; Gregg Trahey, professor of biomedical engineering; and Dona Chikaraishi, professor of neurobiology and associate dean for biomedical graduate education and leadership services. Vice President and University Secretary Richard Riddell said he commends the comprehensive nature of the presidential review process. Because the committee is comprised of both Trustees and faculty—who govern different aspects of the University—they can assess Brodhead’s performance from all angles. “Every constituency is informed that the review is taking place, so there can be wide input to the committee on the president’s performance,” Riddell wrote in an email Sunday. Chikaraishi said she has found her first review of an ad-


ministrator to be an illuminating process because the people she has talked to have been so eager to share their opinion. “Everyone I had to meet with was very agreeable,” Chikaraishi said. “They seem to be very good at volunteering their time, and they want to help [and] enable the process.” As opposed to Trustees who spend most of their time away from Duke’s campus, Chikaraishi said she and her peers have the benefit of experiencing University issues and interacting with administrators on a day to day basis, bringing to light both the faculty and student perspectives. “We’re certainly closer to the local environment and we can... address some of the things that people who aren’t on campus all the time wouldn’t necessarily be impacted by,” Chikaraishi said. The committee will accept feedback from the Duke community on Brodhead’s performance until Feb. 20. “I want to be very objective,” Bovender said. “We’re well into this process doing interviews, but it’s premature to make any kind of comment about what the result of this review is going to be.”

ROMNEY from page 3 as Romney territory at this point. Gingrich’s first real opportunities won't arrive until Super Tuesday. Romney will use the lull in the calendar in part to replenish his campaign war chest. But he has political needs, as well, despite his commanding position in the race for the nomination. He still suffers from lack of enthusiasm for his candidacy, especially among the most conservative of Republicans. Beginning to win over those voters and consolidating the party will be his most important objectives. At the same time, Romney plans to use February to flesh out some of his policy positions. His image has been hurt by a month of attacks from Gingrich, a super PAC backing the former speaker and by the Democrats. They have focused on his work at Bain Capital, the private equity firm he founded, which became the source of his personal fortune. Verbal miscues by the candidate have contributed to questions about just whom he stands for and whom his policies would help. Romney earlier laid out a detailed economic plan, but some Republicans have said he needs something simpler and bolder to draw clearer distinctions with President Barack Obama and excite his party. As Romney deals with those problems, his rivals will continue to look for any way possible to try to consolidate whatever anti-Romney forces exist and keep the race going as long as possible. Despite Romney’s strong position, it will take him months to accumulate enough delegates to claim the nomination. Santorum told CNN Saturday night he doesn't see an obvious victory in the next few states, but nonetheless argued that he would make the strongest nominee against Obama. “This race is a long, long way from being over,” he said. “People are going to start looking at this race, and they're going to see that Mitt Romney and Newt Gingrich don't have what it takes to win the general election.... Eventually this race will come to us.” Paul told CNN that Romney was always a prohibitive favorite in Nevada. “I think that everybody does recognize that the Mormon vote is significant,” he said. He added that he is beginning to accumulate delegates and said that even if he wanted to drop out, “there would be a strong rebellion with my friends.” Entrance polls showed that Mormons accounted for about a quarter of the caucus electorate, and Romney, who is Mormon, won about nine in 10 of those voters. Those entrance polls also showed that the economy was the dominant issue for caucus attendees Saturday, not surprising in a state with an unemployment rate of 12.6 percent and one of the highest foreclosure rates in the country. At the same time, a strong plurality of voters said the most important quality they were looking for in a candidate was someone who could defeat the president in November. Romney won overwhelmingly with both groups.

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MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012 | 5

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Students gather in Keohane 4E to watch Super Bowl XLVI.The NewYork Giants beat the New England Patriots,21-17. has been redesigned! Visit our new web platform.


Students enjoy a night of desserts from around the Triangle with proceeds benefiting the Duke Cancer Institute.

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FUNDING from page 1 to Independence program, which helps researchers in the School of Medicine secure independent funding— through workshops, internal review of draft applications and feedback sessions—approximately five months prior to NIH submission. The institutional support offered by the program is essential in launching careers in the current economic environment, said Heather Whitson, assistant professor of medicine and ophthalmology. Whitson added that the senior researchers who are working on the initiative ought to be commended, as they under the same funding pressures as those they are helping. “It shows a real commitment to supporting the next generation of physician scientists, who are facing a very uncertain future,” she said. According to the program’s website, senior faculty who have served as reviewers for the NIH offer structured reviews and feedback on grant applications. “[Grant writing] is a blend of scientific writing with salesmanship,” said Mark Dewhirst, associate dean for faculty mentoring at the Duke Translational Medicine Institute, who spearheaded the program. “A lot of it is about making the reader understand how important your work is.” Specifically, the senior faculty work with applicants to bolster their Specific Aims page—a summary of the grant that is often used by NIH officials in making decisions about which grants to support. The program also includes one-on-one mentoring and an internal review process. During the internal review, faculty members provide an NIH-style review and commentary about two months prior to NIH submission, Dewhirst said. Applicants then meet with reviewers to discuss their revised applications and the comments they received earlier. “I knew nothing about applying for NIH grants before this program, and I am learning a lot,” Yiping He, assistant professor of pathology research, wrote in an email Saturday. “I believe it makes people who are already in research feel supported and perhaps more confident.” Some researchers depend entirely on grant funding, which may pose issues for completing certain projects. E. Jane Costello, associate director of research at

Duke’s Center for Child and Family Policy and professor of psychiatry and behavior sciences, wrote in an email Feb. 1 that her research projects are too expensive for independent foundations to fund. “As a new lab, we have very exciting projects that are moving forward really well, but the cut is shadowing everything,” He said. Funding cuts would make continuing his experiments almost impossible, He added. ‘Losing a generation’ of scientists Although the Path to Independence program will help Duke investigators become more competitive on a national level, Jones said he is unsure if it will incentivize more people to pursue research as a career. “Most scientists are extremely passionate about what they do and if you’re not passionate about research, or anything for that matter, you shouldn’t get into the field of research,” he said. Many factors, such as the low success rate for securing funding and the years of training it takes to become a researcher, are driving many away from the field. “We’re losing a generation or two of scientists and the intellectual capacity to drive the economy forward with innovation being lost,” Dewhirst said. Dewhirst added that scientists are usually more than 40 years old by the time they apply for their first grant. “You go to school for all these years, do a four to five year Ph.D. and then do a post-doc for another three [years] only to find there are no jobs—so you do another three year post-doc only to find there are no jobs,” Jones said. “If you are fortunate to get a job, the starting pay is not great, and you are given three years to get fully funded, but grant funding is at an all time low.... Is it a career that you would want to get into?” Sullivan noted that, as a graduate mentor and codirector of a graduate program, she will not encourage students to pursue academic research unless they are truly passionate about it. Instead, Sullivan urges students to pursue diverse science careers, such as medical writing or biotechnical opportunities. “It troubles me to think that as much as 85 percent of proposed science in this country is not getting funded,” Whitson said. “How can we remain a leader in medical innovation and discovery if this continues to be the case?”

STINF from page 3 needed to take a moment to reflect on... the good outcome we want as a result of the short-term illness notification form,” Fox said. “[The goal is] to help students communicate effectively without having to get out of their pajamas, and for faculty to be informed in a timely manner.” Fox noted that STINF misuse is a possibility, but said it ultimately helps students. “What a great thing to be able to trust students,” Fox said. “This is really meant as a way to help them.”

ENDOWMENT from page 1 to the University for “unrestricted operating support,” $9 million to the Duke University Health System for neuroscience faculty recruitment and $1.25 million for field education scholarships at the Duke Divinity School. Respectively, DUHS received $10,266,781, the Divinity School received $2,581,000 and the Center for Child and Family Policy received $2,149,687 in total grants. The endowment was founded in 1924 by James B. Duke to support higher education, children’s services, health care and rural churches in the Carolinas. In addition to Duke, the endowment supports Davidson College, Furman University and Johnson C. Smith University. With $2.7 billion in assets as of December 2010, the Duke Endowment is one of the largest private endowments in the country. Since its inception, it has awarded more than $2.9 billion in grants. For 2011, the Duke Endowment approved $130 million in new grants, according to the release. Recent major donations to Duke from the endowment include $80 million for West Union Building, Baldwin Auditorium and Page Auditorium renovations, $75 million for the Financial Aid Initiative, $50 million for a new Learning Center and pediatric facility at the School of Medicine and $15 million to start DukeEngage in 2007.

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the chronicle

february 6, 2012





2 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012


Backcourt rotation clears up during loss by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE


Referees did not notice head coach Mike Krzyzewski trying to call timeout as time expired in Sunday’s loss.

M. BASKETBALL from page 1 by Alex Krinsky the chronicle Despite erasing a 16-point deficit in the second half to force overtime, an 0-for-6 performance from the free-throw line in overtime proved to be Duke’s undoing in a 78-74 to Miami Sunday at Cameron Indoor Stadium. It was No. 7 Duke’s second loss in its last three home games, and the first overtime game in Cameron since the Blue Devils won in extra time against Miami in 2009. The Hurricanes established their inside presence early by repeatedly feeding the ball to junior center Reggie Johnson. The 6-foot-10, 284-pound center set the tone by scoring Miami’s first six points of the game. He would finish the first half with a teamhigh 10 points. “He dominated the paint, is the bottom line,” Ryan Kelly said. “He rebounded every missed shot they had. He got whatever he wanted and really hurt us.” Miami (14-7, 5-3 in the ACC) compounded its inside threat with lights-out shooting. In the first half, the Hurricanes shot 47.1 percent from the field. They were also accurate from beyond the arc, shooting 5-of-12 behind forward Kenny Kadji and guard Shane Larkin, who each made two timely 3-pointers in the first half. On the offensive side of the ball, Duke (19-4, 6-2) failed to create any momentum as it shot 36.7 percent from the field in the first half, well below their season average of 48.8 percent entering the game. Big plays from guard Austin Rivers, who led Duke with 11 points in the opening half, kept the Blue Devils within striking distance. Nevertheless, Miami continued to respond after each Duke score, and a dunk by Rion Brown sparked a 20-6 Miami run that gave the Hurricanes a 14-point lead heading into the locker room. “This game was a tale of two halves, and that was the problem,” Rivers said. “We played terribly in the first half. We had no fight on defense. You can’t play hard in one half and expect to win.” In the second half, Quinn Cook, Curry and Rivers combined to provide a spark to the Duke offense. A bucket each from Cook and Rivers and a 3-pointer from Curry cut into Miami’s lead, but the Hurricanes continued to produce as Johnson hit two layups and bullied the Blue Devils for

putbacks after offensive rebounds. “Rebounding is basically effort,” Miami head coach Jim Larranaga said. “And our effort was a little greater today in that area, both defensively and [in] rebounding. It was an area that our guys had been working on and getting a little bit better at, but today was really more of a culmination of days of work that finally paid off for them.” Kelly and Curry hit back-to-back 3-pointers that started a 16-2 Duke run that brought the Blue Devils within two with 8:33 to play in regulation. Although Duke’s shooting improved, it was a concentrated defensive effort and a focus on trapping the ball down low that helped Duke cut into the deficit. “We got more aggressive on the defensive end,” Curry said. “We played the ball screen a lot more aggressively, and we were able to rotate faster and get some steals and buckets. I think our defensive mindset was just to force turnovers.” In the end of the second half, Curry and Rivers took control of the game, drawing fouls and hitting jumpers to keep the Blue Devils close. Curry finished the game with a team-high 22 points and Rivers with 20. With 2:49 to play in regulation, Curry hit a jumper that gave the Blue Devils their first lead since 7:52 remained in the first half, sending the crowd into a frenzy. Despite Duke’s apparent momentum, Johnson hit two baskets, sandwiching a Kelly layup, to keep Miami up by one. Johnson finished the game with 27 points and 12 rebounds. “I thought Johnson was spectacular,” Krzyzewski said. “We played outstanding defense on Johnson at the end of regulation. It’s just brute strength that helped him score a couple of those. It wasn’t bad defense. He just made some big plays.” With 21 seconds left in regulation, Rivers stood at the charity stripe with the Blue Devils trailing by one. He missed his first attempt, but made the second to tie up the game. On the last series of regulation, Duke was able to hold off a dangerous Johnson down low and force the game into overtime. “Our defense was very good the last 16 minutes—I mean really good,” Krzyzewski said. “That’s what got us back in the game. We missed open shots. We missed a couple of shots right by the bas-

It took a trip to China. It took 23 games, 920 minutes of regulation and five more of overtime. It took the Blue Devils losing two of the last three games at Cameron Indoor Stadium, after they had won 45 consecutive there since 2009. And it took Duke’s 7874 loss to Miami, their first home overtime Game game since edging out Analysis the Hurricanes in extra time in 2009. But head coach Mike Krzyzewski may have finally found his backcourt. After a lackluster first-half performance sent the Blue Devils into the locker room down 42-28, it was clear something had to change in the second period for Duke to reverse its fortune. At the 17:39 mark in the second half, Seth Curry and Quinn Cook replaced Tyler Thornton and Andre Dawkins, joining Austin Rivers in the backcourt. And they stayed on the floor throughout the ensuing second-half comeback. “[Playing them] was an indication we were winning with them,” Krzyzewski said. Such consistency has been non-existent for this team. This season Krzyzewski has started seven different lineups, and none of them for more than six consecutive games. Within moments of stepping on the court, their presence was felt as Curry nabbed a steal at the 17:37 mark and threw it ahead to Cook for a layup. Curry and Rivers led Duke with 22 and 20 points, respectively, with 17 of Curry’s coming in the second half. “We had a rhythm,” Rivers said. “We were playing well with each other.” The trio’s quickness and athleticism was critical as Krzyzewski implemented a press defense, trapping Miami’s guards near midcourt. At one point, Curry stole the ball on two consecutive Hurricane possessions, leading to a 3-pointer on the first series and a Josh Hairston layup on the second.

Those baskets brought the Miami lead down to eight, after it had been as large as 16 just 1:31 earlier. Rivers, Curry and Cook combined for six steals. “We just wanted to trap the ball to speed them up,” Cook said. “And it worked, but in the end they made some tough plays and we didn’t respond.” Rivers played a career-high 43 minutes as the only of those three to start the game on the floor. “I’m not tired now. I could play another overtime—I wish we could,” Rivers said. Dawkins and Thornton joined him in the starting lineup, combining to go just 2-of-8 from the field for six points. That pair began the overtime period on the floor, but was subbed out after just seven seconds. Although Rivers, Curry and Dawkins sparked the comeback, they were far from perfect down the stretch. Rivers began the extra period by missing a 3-pointer. Curry followed that up with two missed free throws and then a missed jumper on the next possession. On Duke’s ensuing turn with the ball, Rivers missed two free throws. With 26 seconds remaining, Cook missed two from the line with the Blue Devils down just one. The trio went 0-for-6 from the charity stripe in overtime. “We make the free throws, we win the game,” Rivers said. “We had the lead, we had chances and to come all the way back and give it away—there’s nothing worse than that.” Duke’s next chance with the ball— after Miami’s Reggie Johnson continued the trend of abysmal free throw shooting with two misses of his own—Cook airballed a shot from the middle of the floor, attempting to shoot over the much larger Johnson. The Blue Devils’ furious comeback, however, began with those three guards. Cook shot just 3-of-9 from the field, but he and Curry tied for the team high with four SEE ANALYSIS ON PAGE 5


Austin Rivers scored 20 points Sunday, but missed free throws down the stretch spelled doom for Duke.


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012 | 3


Hensons make Tobacco Road rivalry personal by Matt Pun THE CHRONICLE

As Duke and North Carolina prepare to tip off Monday night in the first of this year’s four basketball games between the two schools in men’s and women’s basketball, one family finds itself right in the middle of the contention. Matt Henson is an avid college basketball fan, having grown up a North Carolina supporter No. 23 before playUNC ing for Norvs. folk State University. No. 5 The televiDuke sion in his MONDAY, 7 p.m. home was Cameron Indoor Stadium frequently tuned in to Tar Heel basketball as his two oldest children grew up. The first child of Matt and Annette Henson only encouraged the family to continue bleeding the Tar Heel shade of blue when he matriculated to North Carolina, but his younger sister Amber has forced them to accommodate a darker hue as well. Older brother John is a North Carolina junior and the reigning ACC defensive player of the year, and Amber is a Duke freshman who is sidelined for the season after undergoing knee surgery. Following in their father’s footsteps as kids, John and Amber did not have a difficult time figuring out which team to root for. “We always pulled for UNC,” Matt said. “It was kind of a one-sided affair.” Amber and John watched superstars like Jerry Stackhouse, Rasheed Wallace, Antawn Jamison and Vince Carter in the late-1990s. “My whole family has really been Carolina fans,” Amber said, “so... that’s the team we rooted for, and Duke was just the enemy.” From very early on, John already was dreaming of someday wearing the powder blue uniform. Nevertheless, as John developed into one of the top five recruits of the 2009 class according to, North Carolina was not on his immediate radar.

“They weren’t necessarily on my list at first, but I would say [head] coach [Roy] Williams came in and swept me off my feet and it’s the best decision I think I’ve ever made,” John said. For Amber, it was an entirely different story. Although she, like the rest of her family, considered herself a devotee to the Tar Heel men’s basketball squad, her allegiance in women’s college basketball was not as clear-cut. “I remember when I was in eighth grade, Duke came to play Texas when I was living there, and I remember watching Monique Curry play and Ali Bales play,” Amber said. “And I was like, wow, I really like Duke women’s basketball.” Despite her interest in the Blue Devil women’s basketball program, her family ties made North Carolina an extremely enticing option. As the Henson siblings both became sought-after recruits, Amber often made school visits at the same time as her brother. “Really, Carolina was the frontrunner… because I’d visit there all the time because John was going there,” Amber said. Duke stepped in to recruit Amber a little later in the process, though, and once Amber started to explore her option down the road from Chapel Hill, she came to realize how good a fit the Blue Devils could be for her. “I tell people all the time that I kind of just assumed I was going to Carolina, but when Duke started recruiting me, I came to visit and I met everybody and just felt right,” Amber said. Amber now had to choose between rivals, while also weighing in basketball, academics and family. The two siblings talked often about going to school together, but John made sure that Amber made her decision based on where she felt she would fit best, reminding her that she would still be in school for two years after he graduated. On top of that, Matt emphasized to his daughter that it was her choice, telling her to look past the rivalry and the basketball and pick the school she liked best. “I said, ‘Think about if he’s not in that school. Think about if he’s not around. Pick the school that you’re going to feel most comfortable with from an academic perspective, and think about what if you weren’t playing basketball, what school would you want to go to?” Matt said. “I

wanted it to be her decision and not somebody else’s.” Since making her decision and signing with Duke, she has ventured over to Chapel Hill to watch a number of John’s games. And she has yet to renounce her loyalty to North Carolina, especially with her brother playing there. “Even when they play Duke, I will find it hard to wholeheartedly go for Duke,” Amber said. John, too, makes an effort to watch his sister play as often as possible, with assistance from the Duke staff to ensure that things do not get out of hand with a North Carolina player spectating in Cameron Indoor Stadium. “He tries to kind of walk in incognito,” Amber said. “He’ll either have a hood on and try to sneak in quietly because people recognize him wherever he goes…. It’s a little different for him coming here than it is for me going there.” Having spent three years in Chapel Hill and a lifetime cheering on the Tar Heels, John takes a different approach from Amber on how he cheers for his sibling in the rivalry game. When 23rd-ranked North Carolina (17-5, 7-2 in the ACC) takes on No. 5 Duke (18-3, 9-0) tonight at 7 p.m., John will be firmly supporting the Tar Heels. “Whenever I ask him, he’s like, ‘I hope you do well, but I want my school to win,’ Amber said. “The fact that she’s not playing right now makes it a little easier,” John said. As for Matt Henson, the task of supporting both Duke and North Carolina has be- come a black-and-white issue—Blue Devils in women’s basketball and Tar Heels in everything else. “I have worn to some Duke women’s games a Duke shirt, but I wouldn’t wear it to a Duke men’s game and I wouldn’t wear it anywhere other than the game,” Matt said. “I’m not going to be seen out in public, walking the streets with it.... If you see me in any [Duke] apparel it has to have ‘Amber’ on it. I wouldn’t want anyone getting confused.”


Blue Devils complete comeback win at home by Shiva Kothari THE CHRONICLE

Down a set in four of their six singles matches, it appeared that the Blue Devils would go down to the wire Saturday. But a capacity crowd at Sheffield Indoor Tennis Center propelled No. 3 Duke (5-0) to a decisive 6-0 comeback victory over No. 12 Northwestern (4-1). The singles match at No. 5 between Mary Clayton and Linda Abu Mushrefova epitomized the Blue Devils’ resil0 iency. After losing a tight first set 6-4, NU Clayton fought back to capture the Duke 6 second set 6-2. “After the first set, I was pretty disappointed with my performance and came out in the second set really determined,” Clayton said. “[Mushrefova] was hitting quite a few shorter balls, and I started to take advantage of those.” The boisterous crowd began to play a significant role in Clayton’s comeback victory in the third set, drawing the ire of Northwestern head coach Claire Pollard. That did not deter the Blue Devil fans from helping will Clayton to a 6-3 third-set victory. “The crowd honestly was awesome,” Clayton said. “Had it not been for the fans, I do not know if I would have gotten through the third set.” Ester Goldfeld, Rachel Kahan and 35th-ranked Monica

Turewicz—who was back in action after sitting out the previous three matches with a wrist injury—also earned comeback victories after dropping first sets. “I think we competed really well,” head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “I am proud of the way we fought back. We have to do a better job to not lose four first sets but we fought back.” The freshman Turewicz, who had not lost a set in 12 matches this season, completed her comeback with a convincing 6-2 third-set victory, and Kahan provided the clinching singles point with a 6-3 win in her third set. The top two singles players, seventh-ranked freshman Beatrice Capra and sophomore Hanna Mar, did not provide the same drama as their teammates. At No. 1 singles, Capra easily disposed of 26th-ranked Kate Turvy, 6-1, 6-3, while Mar pulled out a 6-4, 6-2 victory over Brittany Wowchuk. Although Duke lost a doubles match for the first time all season in dual match play, it still prevailed to capture the doubles point and gain an early 1-0 advantage. The duo of freshman Beatrice Capra and Kahan won a thrilling 9-7 match over Belinda Niu and Nida Hamilton of Northwestern, finally sealing the win on their third match point. Coming off their first true test of the season, the Blue Devils look primed to make a deep run at the ITA National Women’s Indoor Championships in Charlottesville, Va. next weekend, where they are the No. 1 seed in a 16-team field. “We are playing well but we needed a match like this. We


Mary Clayton was one of four Blue Devils to come back and win her match after dropping the first set against visiting Northwestern.

4 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012



Blue Devils bounce back from NYC mishap by Sarah Elsakr THE CHRONICLE

This weekend the Blue Devils traveled to New York City to compete at the Armory Collegiate Invitational, where they broke both school and personal records to keep their streak of success alive. Both the men and the women had strong showings at the meet, placing within the top 10 in a variety of different events. Although the meet ended up representing a significant success for Duke overall, it began inauspiciously for the Blue Devil men. The 1000m race started promisingly for Duke, as senior Stephen Clark stepped up to take the lead just ahead of his teammate, junior Domenick DeMatteo. Clark managed to hold onto the lead for the first 700 meters of the race, but

as he and DeMatteo approached the end, a sudden accident took DeMatteo out of the running and left Clark unable to secure the win. “It happened fast,” DeMatteo said. “I was moving up and a bunch of guys started moving up at the same time and I think someone hit my back leg and I started stumbling. I don’t really remember much of what happened—I was just running and then got wobbly and then all of a sudden I was on the ground.” As a result of the pile-up, DeMatteo was unable to finish what would have been his first 1000m race for Duke, and Clark lost his hold on the lead and slipped to ninth. Both Duke runners were able to escape serious injury, however, unlike some of the other athletes involved in the collision. Clark even went on to take 10th in the mile the next day.

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That instance of bad luck proved to be the exception and not the rule for the Blue Devils, though. Several of the other Duke men stepped up against an increased level of competition and proved their readiness for the tougher races approaching in the second half of the season. Sophomore Brian Atkinson and senior Andrew Brodeur, both of whom already showed themselves to be strong competitors during the cross-country season, took third and fourth, respectively, in the 5000m. Atkinson’s stellar performance of 14:13.95, which represented a marked improvement from his previous times, gave the Blue Devils a boost of confidence and earned him the third-place slot on Duke’s all-time list. Atkinson’s teammate, Morgan Pearson, a freshman who has consistently been turning in quality times for the Blue Devils, managed to do so again as he raced to a fourthplace finish in the 3000m race. In the college 3000m, junior Dominick Robinson ran 8:20.10 to cross the finish line in third ahead of teammate Shaun Thompson, who took 11th. The women brought home several quality finishes on the track as well. Freshman Abby Farley took sixth in the college 800m, while Carolyn Baskir ran a time of 4:52.82 to take 15th in the college mile. Their classmate, Elizabeth Kerpon, also benefited from the increased competition, breaking her own school record in the 400m. The next day Kerpon was back, racing in the 4x400m relay beside teammates Brittany Whitehead, Alexis Roper and Lauren Hansson to earn the second-fastest time in school history. In the field, Michelle Anumba mirrored Kerpon’s success, taking third overall while shattering her own school record in the shot put. On the men’s side of the field, the Blue Devils placed two pole vaulters in the top 10, with Justin Amezquita and Ian Rock taking sixth and 10, respectively. Their teammate, Tanner Anderson, competing for the first time this season, jumped 6-feet-9.75 to land in seventh place. Despite the mishap during the first day, the Blue Devils were able to show that they have made the necessary progress to this point of their season. Despite their successes in New York, they are staying focused on the challenges ahead. “We went and competed has hard as we could,” DeMatteo said, “But today it’s back to work, because the big meets start in three weeks.”

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Michelle Anumba broke her own school record in the shot put while taking third place at the Armory Collegiate Invitational in New York.


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012 | 5


ANALYSIS from page 2

Blue Devils set school record with 25 goals to open season by Matt Pun THE CHRONICLE

Saturday was a record-setting day for the Blue Devils as Duke scored 25 goals—the most in school history—and freshman Kerrin Maurer tied the program’s single-game record for assists with five as the Blue Devils rolled over Bucknell. Receiving scoring contributions from 15 different players, No. 5 Duke (1-0) defeated the Bison (0-1) 25-3 Saturday at Koskinen Stadium. It took the Blue Devils just over 30 seconds to get on the board, and after just 13 minutes of play, they had already accrued a 10-0 advantage over the Bison 3 Bison. “We moved the ball really well. Duke 25 We have confidence in every single player, and we have a lot of depth on the bench,” said Duke sophomore Maddy Morrisey, who notched the first goal of the game. “It was just really awesome to see everyone score today.” By the end of the 16th minute, Morrisey had already put away her third goal of the game, giving the Blue Devils an 11-1 advantage. “Our goal offensively is to play aggressively, and we felt like we were able to do that right out of the gate,” head coach Kerstin Kimel said. “Our offense is a little young, and we want them to feel like they can get into a rhythm quickly and play hard.” Duke’s youth did not prove to be a problem, as the newer Blue Devils did not hesitate to take control of the game early. In the first half alone, freshmen Kerrin Maurer, Birgid Smith, and Taylor Trimble combined for five goals in their debut, helping to put Duke up 17-1 at the break. “[The freshmen] were great,” Morrissey said. “They had a lot of faith in themselves I love how they worked together and they also work with us really well. They’ve meshed into

our team offense really, really well.” In addition, Maurer—who would finish the game with three goals—had already tied the program’s single-game record for assists by halftime. “I just think our offense was really flowing,” Maurer said. “I fit in today. It was just how everything fell into place that it happened to be me taking the shots and me that was taking the feeds that made it happen. “ Although the pace of play slowed down in the second period, the Blue Devils continued to attack, adding eight more goals as the freshmen continued to prove themselves. Smith and Maurer each added another goal, and Callie Francis scored a goal, won a game-high three ground balls and forced a game-high two turnovers despite not playing in the first half. “I’m not entirely surprised [by the performance of the freshmen] because I think we have some very talented freshmen who I’m confident are going to help us this year,” Kimel said. “But it was their first game, and we know that we have a long road ahead of us. This is definitely a nice game to start the year off for their confidence.” Duke junior Alyssa Ogle also continued to pick apart the Bison defense in the second half, recording her third assist to go along with two goals for the game. As a team, the Blue Devils controlled 20-of-27 draws and outshot Bucknell 45-8. “I’m really pleased given the fact that we’ve only practiced sixteen days that we were able to come out and play a pretty complete game from one end to the other,” Kimel said. “What we saw as coaches was a lot of what we worked on manifesting itself on the field, which is what you want to see... so I thought today was a great way to start the year off.”

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assists each. Cook assisted Kelly’s 3-pointer and Curry made the pass for Mason Plumlee’s dunk in overtime— the team’s only five points in extra time. Cook’s 3.43 assist-to-turnover ratio would be the best of any Duke freshman in school history. But listening to the players after this game, there were no threads of optimism within the locker room. “That’s the worst loss I’ve ever had in my life,” Rivers said. “I just don’t have the words. It’s not a good feeling.” Maybe, though, despite the messiness of the loss, the team found a cleaner backcourt rotation to lead them through the rest of the season.


Miami made 47.1 percent of its shots against Duke Sunday, leaving little opportunity for Miles Plumlee to utilize his rebounding skills.

6 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012




Duke garners three victories by Hunter Nisonoff THE CHRONICLE

It was a weekend of fighting for the Blue Devils at Sheffield Indoor Tennis Center, as the Fighting Illini and the Fighting Irish visited Durham for dual matches. No. 10 Duke defeated both of those teams and captured a third victory over N.C. Central to move to 6-0 in dual-match play. Friday’s opponent was No. 19 Illinois (4-2), and the Blue Devils’ 7-0 victory was their first over the Fighting Illini in 10 years. “It was a really good team win,” 8 Illini head coach Ramsey Smith said. Duke 15 “[Illinois] is a team that has given us some problems for a bunch of years now…. One of the things that 1 Irish we really stressed last week was hanDuke 6 dling adversity. That is one thing that I think we did really well.” In doubles play, David Holland NCSU 8 and Chris Mengel took the first win, 15 Duke and Henrique Cunha and Fred Saba soon followed suit to give Duke the doubles point. The Blue Devils carried that momentum into singles play, where freshmen Raphael Hemmeler and Jason Tahir struck swiftly to put Duke up 3-0. “I was really pleased with the freshmen,” Smith said. “Both of them stepped up and got off the court quickly.” On court one, seventh-ranked Cunha captured an upset victory over No. 2 Dennis Nevolo. Cunha lost his first set 7-5 but never lost his confidence, winning his second set 6-1 to take the match into a tiebreaker. The tiebreaker remained close throughout, but Cunha came up on top with a 10-7 victory, earning the seventh and final point of the match. “[Nevolo] is a great player,” Cunha said. “It’s always a tough match, always a three-set match. I started the second set breaking him, and that was very good momentum.” The team also was able to gain momentum from a crowd of over 675 fans, the largest of the season. “The crowd was awesome,” Smith said. “I think the guys really fed off the crowd, especially at the end of doubles. And then midway through the singles, I just felt like the crowd gave us a boost there.” After a day off Saturday, Duke took on Notre Dame (53) and N.C. Central (0-1) in a doubleheader. The Blue Devils defeated the Fighting Irish 6-1 for their first win of the day. Cunha and Saba came up with another victory in doubles play, but Holland and Mengel could not repeat their winning ways, falling 8-5 to Notre Dame’s Greg Andrews and Spencer Talmadge. That left the doubles point in the hands of Torsten Wietoska and Raphael Hemmeler, who

pulled out an 8-6 victory. Notre Dame was able to tie the score at one, as Sam Keeton came away with a quick victory over Saba to open the singles play. It was not long before the Blue Devils were able to regain the lead, though, as Cunha posted a 6-1, 6-2 victory at No. 1 singles over Casey Watt. Wietoska, Hemmeler, and Chris Mengel would follow with two-set victories, and Tahir came out on top of a third-set tiebreaker to give Duke their sixth point. The Blue Devils continued to dominate their home court against N.C. Central later in the day, with several Duke players bringing home their second wins of the day as the Blue Devils shut out the Eagles.



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Henrique Cunha (bottom) upset No. 2 Dennis Nevolo Friday, and Torsten Wietoska (top) helped seal the doubles point for Duke.


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MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012 | 7

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Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. (No number is repeated in any column, row or box.)

Answer to puzzle

The Independent Daily at Duke University

The Chronicle

8 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012

Arabian rights Applications are now open rights to a fair trial. Even more for a new program offered by foreboding for Fuqua’s educathe Fuqua School of Business tional mission is the decision in the United Arab Emirates. of UAE officials to disband This two-year Master of Man- the board of directors for the agement Studies in Finance country’s Teachers’ Associadegree program tion, which cois slated to begin signed a public editorial classes Spring appeal in April 2012. However, less than a year advocating for greater defrom the purported start date, mocracy. The government rethere are still troubling ques- placed these boards with statetions left unanswered. appointed officials. First, the administration In light of this crackdown has not yet addressed the hu- on freedom of speech, it is man rights situation in the unclear how Duke will keep UAE, which has no demo- its teaching, research and curcratically elected officials. The riculum planning safe from situation is worsening, accord- government interference. If ing to a January 2012 Human Fuqua administrators have Rights Watch report. Last given substantial thought to Spring, the state charged five the issue, they certainly have activists for publishing public not shared those thoughts “insults” of government offi- with the broader Duke comcials and skirted these activists’ munity. Duke should follow

These are not your typical legacy students. They are proud of their school because their parents instilled that pride in them, and they actually want to be here. —“bluedevil11” commenting on the story “Rejecting policy can preserve legacy.” See more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

in the footsteps of New York University—which has hired a British firm to oversee labor conditions at NYU in Abu Dhabi—and keep close watch on the many stages involved with starting a program in the Middle East. This attitude of caution should also extend to financial dealings with Fuqua’s Middle Eastern partners. The MMS-Finance program will be largely funded by the Securities and Commodities Authority of the UAE. Fuqua should be wary of close ties with ESCA, which seems to have taken more than a financial interest in the program: ESCA plans on paying for its employees to attend the program. Receiving funding from ESCA may put Duke in a vulnerable position, should its financial or educational goals

clash with those of the UAE government. These risks are real. The director of the London School of Economics resigned last year amid a controversy regarding donations from a foundation run by the son of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi. Georgetown University and Cambridge University experienced similar scandals after accepting millions of dollars from Prince Alwaleed bin Talal of Saudi Arabia and the suspect Chong Hua Foundation in China, respectively. Preserving human rights and institutional integrity in the UAE presents a delicate and complex problem. But Fuqua pushed the program’s approval through and does not seem to have thought these issues through. The

Academic Council passed the proposal “without many questions” and allowed an inchoate idea to pass for a well vetted plan. Likewise, the proposal did not get approved by the full Board of Trustees. If Duke is going to stake its reputation in the Middle East on a thrown together program, it should be able to provide the Duke community with some guarantees—that it can maintain academic freedom, that it can withdraw from the UAE if its academic or moral commitments are compromised and that it can maintain the quality of instruction that Duke wants to be known for. Right now, it does not seem like Fuqua can guarantee any of this. We should not go forward with the UAE until it can.

Rethinking financial aid


Est. 1905



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ven most staunch conservatives tend to community college first. It is incredibly important agree that some level of education is a right. that these students continue their education, but We think of food and water as rights, pre- spending federal money to put them in an envisumably ones that ought to be guarronment they are not yet prepared anteed to everyone for the entirety for is in no one’s best interest. of their lives. Education is a very 2. Funding only the universities different matter: Exactly how much and programs that are good values: education ought we guarantee? If students have a right to higher Before I answer this question, education, it is hard to justify why I’m going to make what should be they have a right to receive that an obvious statement: Education education at any university they does not make everyone better off. might choose. We guarantee a free elena botella If you are unsure of the truth of this K-12 education, but students genstatement, consider the most miser- duke’s biggest party erally have their choice of schools able Ph.D. candidate you know. limited to nearby public schools. This next statement is going to Why should college necessarily be sound even more obvious, but it has never directly different? I’m of course biased toward Duke, but guided American education policy: We should there are also clear statistical indicators that demstop funding education at the point when it onstrate that Duke and its peer institutions offer doesn’t leave the person any better off. an academic and intellectual “product” aboveDefault rates for federal student loans are ris- and-beyond what even flagship public universities ing sharply—if a former student can’t pay back his provide. The vast majority of the nation’s 2,441 or her debt, that’s pretty grim news. It means the private colleges, though, aren’t as good as flagship education didn’t help the student find a job that publics in their states, and are considerably more would pay well enough to cover the cost of the expensive. Controlling for the academic quality of schooling. It didn’t fulfill the student’s goal (to a university, the more expensive the tuition, the be economically better off), or the obvious social more likely it is that a student will default on their goal of broadening the future tax base. debt. By restricting the schools where students In the 1990s, Congress took tepid steps to ad- could spend federal financial aid, default rates dress this problem, passing legislation so that would decrease, and in turn, the federal governschools with the very highest rates of student loan ment could be more generous with the amount of default—many of which are for-profit colleges— aid offered—a virtuous cycle. lose eligibility for federal financial aid after three A less obvious, but still compelling case can be years. The Obama administration has made these made for shifting funding toward high-value decriteria a bit stricter. gree programs. I’m not saying we shouldn’t give What if we went further, though? When banks student loans to English majors. If a particular decide to issue loans, they think carefully about vocational degree, though, (as opposed to a libwhether the individual will be able to pay the loan eral arts degree) doesn’t add to a student’s earnback. If the government were similarly prudent, ing potential—that student and society might be there would be fewer former students burdened better-served if that student were nudged down a by back-breaking debt. Instead of broadly fund- different path. We might similarly think of using ing all higher education as long as the student is federal financial aid to incentivize students to pursufficiently low-income—what if we thought more sue careers of high social value, like teaching or seriously about what loans students would actually STEM careers. be able to repay? At its best, education is a transformative and 1. Funding only the programs that students are transcendental experience—economics aside. prepared for: A 2003 study found that students that Let’s be real though—while talking about philosodon’t graduate have a seven times higher default phy on the Main Quad is great fun, it isn’t why rate than students who do. Students from disad- taxpayers subsidize us. By getting tougher with vantaged backgrounds, from our nation’s under- what we hand out cash for—while not decreasing served and sometimes crumbling public schools, the total funding available—federal financial aid often come to college without the basic competen- could do a better job of improving socioeconomic cies needed to succeed in university, and yet some mobility and preparing the future workforce. colleges are happy to admit these students anyway. For students with the lowest test scores, GPAs or Elena Botella is a Trinity junior. Her column runs other indicators of academic preparation, federal every other Monday. Follow Elena on Twitter at @dukefinancial aid should be contingent on attending a democrats


Why I drink whisky from a Klein bottle

On devil dogs and dedication


MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012 | 9



ontrary to popular belief, most dogs go to hell. This is because most dogs are dicks. They piss all over everything but people let it slide because “they’re marking their territory.” Don’t try that defense with DUPD. A week ago I started taking care of a yellow lab puppy because the frat I’m pledging told me to. I named him Satan’s Little Helper. They say you can the devil learn a lot from keeping a monday, monday dog. Loyalty. Dedication. The dangers of chocolate. But this column isn’t about avoiding diabetes or dog vom (keep your eyes peeled in March). It’s about the importance of dedication. Dedication is the whole reason I got a bid to my fraternity. During rush when the fridge in section got too cold and froze all the Busch Lights we had stored up for our Vikings and Eskimos party, the older guys got furious and missed an opportunity to integrate the party theme into drink choices. (It’s the little things that make a good party.) So I cut the power chords to the fridge and hung them above the doorframe like a severed limb meant to warn other fridges not to start s*** with us. I know it sounds extreme, but if I hadn’t extracted violent revenge on that fridge, people would’ve spent the whole party bitching about it and our rush chairs would’ve lost their jobs a la 2008. But it’s hard for most people to be as dedicated as me. This campus is packed with tempting distractions meant to lure us off our paths. It’s like Las Vegas except none of what happens here stays here. It usually ends up on Deadspin. Or Gawker. Or the NBC news. Just walk around West Union and you’ll be overcome by rush gossip pouring out of the Duke Barber or the clamor of Chick-fil-A’s “Fil-a-chick” pro-life rallies. But instead of obsessing over who got cut or who got a bump, we have to stay dedicated to the real reason we’re here: attending men’s basketball games. My new brothers have forbidden us from wasting time at games when we could be drinking with hot chicks. “Cameron? That place is way too sober and nobody’s trying to grind,” they’d explain. But I couldn’t shake the feeling that when we lost some of the student section to ticket sales, the old dogs took a whiz all over our turf. So I’ve been painting myself up and sneaking into the games anyway because the heckling’s never been easier. St. John’s star is named God’s Gift? I hope God included the receipt. I keep going on these incognito Cameron trips because if we lose any more seats, K-ville is gonna become as tired as Farmville. And I feel we owe it to Coach K to prevent that, because he just recently learned the dangers of Farmville firsthand. Duke might’ve beat Florida State if Ryan Kelly hadn’t been planting virtual strawberries in between free throws. I can forgive him though, because sometimes we all need a little bit of Coach K’s sweet encouragement. Late on the first night of pledging my judgment got particularly hazy and I began to doubt my decision to accept my bid. I looked at the picture of Coach K I keep encircled in candles on my nightstand, and from the other side of the glass his face whispered to me, “Don’t give up dude. There’s gonna be hot bitties waiting for you at the end of this. And those bitties will be even hotter because of all the gross stuff you have to eat and smear on your body. Seriously man, trust me.” His reassuring words rang in my head the entirety of the next day as I kicked a box of silverware up the Plaza. This may be the hardest time of year. You’ve got to finish papers for your teachers, tenting shifts for your friends and entire jars of mayonnaise for your brothers. So what can you do on days when there’s both a basketball game and a mixer? Do both. It doesn’t matter whether it’s spittin’ or dribbling, you gotta stay dedicated to the game. I’m going to teach Satan’s Little Helper to shake now. I’d like to work out a deal and buy his soul before my pledge class eats him next week.

wo mathematicians are sitting in a bar, arguing But I digress. The reason for the enormous and inabout what degree of mathematical literacy one creasing influence of mathematical methods is, quite could expect from the average person. In a con- simply, that they work. Mathematics corresponds to spiratorial whisper, the optimistic maththe physical world in such a way that its ematician instructs his waitress: “When models are accurate enough to send us my friend (A) comes back from the bathsafely to the moon, and make accurate room, I’m going to ask you a question, to predictions about the fate of an electron which I want you to respond, ‘one-third x travelling at a certain velocity and angucubed.’” Sure enough, the friend returns, lar momentum toward another particle. (no doubt after computing the base to Whether or not we want to extend these his own natural log) and the mathematisuccess stories to the social sciences is ancian bets that their waitress will be able to darren beattie other story. Economics, the most quantivindicate the average man by providing a tatively developed of the social sciences, oy weber correct answer to a proposed integral. He is looking highly questionable these then calls the waitress and asks “What is days. The point is rather that the will tothe integral of x squared?” The waitress responds “one- ward quantification, whether justified or not, owes its third x cubed,” and, while walking away, turns back with attractions to motives of a vulgar, utilitarian variety. a smile and adds “plus a constant!” It is only the “pure” mathematician who is able and I confess to feeling twitches of this old joke whenever inclined to defend mathematics from a more lofty and I have occasion to overhear my quantitatively inclined aesthetic perspective. Perhaps the most famous insocial science colleagues talk shop. Indeed, there has stance of this is G.H. Hardy’s 1941 memoir, “A Mathbeen something of a mathematical gold-rush in most so- ematician’s Apology,” which positively relishes in the cial science fields, which is sometimes characterized by a “uselessness” of what he calls “real mathematics.” He prickly penis envy that roughly corresponds to how well argues that the kind of mathematics responsible for one’s discipline is able to approximate the numerical rig- these achievements is “elementary” and ugly, and not ors of the “hard” sciences. What is truly astonishing is the the sort of thing any truly gifted mind would waste its speed with which even the most flaccid competitors are time thinking about. Beauty and seriousness shines catching up. Anyone who is familiar with the great Tom through most of all in number theory, and Hardy gives Lehrer (mathematician, satirist, alleged inventor of the a number of examples of accessible proofs that illus“Jello shot”) might have heard rumors of “fanatics, in trate this claim. My own pick would be Euler’s Identity. their attics, learning mathematics all for sociology … ” Go ahead and look it up.… I challenge you not to be To what should we attribute this astonishing, and by enchanted. Hardy’s gloats with touching anachronism now decades-long surge in quantophilia? Surely math- that, in addition to its inherent beauty, no area of “real” ematics reliably imposes at least some minimum stan- pure mathematics can be put to destructive use in wardard of cognitive ability. This cannot, however, be the time—a claim soundly refuted by the modern science primary answer. There are many disciplines that impose of cryptography. In a modest refutation of my own, I the same kind of quality control, perhaps even more habitually drink my whiskey out of a Klein bottle. so than many of the math-crazed social sciences—in Where does this leave the social sciences? A cynic my whole life, I have met just one profoundly stupid might suggest that they possess all of the uselessness classicist. Besides, the idea of standards in the mean- traditionally attributed to pure mathematics together ingful sense is loathsome to our enlightened, radically with the mathematical inelegance of engineering. I egalitarian tastes. The spectacle of social policy types close with one of the best limericks I’ve written on this testifies to how ingenious we have become with our sad possibility: euphemisms. With sigmas and chi squareds proudly in When the cops discover your stash tow, they cannot seem to grasp the idea that half of any And your payoffs decidedly class group of people is below average. Only the most PolYou’ve gotta confess … lyannaish polynomials survive the cut. I once heard a That it’s anyone’s guess math activist, completely enamored with “persuasion Whether Cochran ain’t better than Nash! by equation,” argue that all positive integers are special, because even the least special of special numbers Darren Beattie is a third-year Ph.D. candidate in political is still special. science. His column runs every other Monday.

@Monday_Devil tweets: The Devil has a dog but he ain’t a devil dog. He’ll probably taste better. news, sports and more blogs

lettertotheeditor Diya endorses Danesh for Young Trustee Given the three excellent and supremely qualified Young Trustee finalists, Duke Diya had a hard time deciding which one to endorse. All of the candidates has given years of hard work and devotion to Duke and its students and each candidate had his own unique perspective. We appreciated Olly Wilson’s dedication to working with minority groups on campus, his recognition of the importance of taking an interdisciplinary view on campus issues and his commitment to bringing different groups together through the Center for Collaborative Action. We also found Michael Mandl’s commitment to maintaining the Duke brand, prior Board experience and recognition of the need to build credibility on the Board as a Young Trustee particularly compelling. However, after interviewing all three candidates and considering each carefully, Duke Diya is happy to announce its support of Kaveh Danesh for Young Trustee. Kaveh’s creativity and enthusiasm is what drew our members to him, and we were further impressed by his wide range of experiences on campus. In particular, as

representatives of Duke’s undergraduate South Asian student body, Diya was attracted to Kaveh’s “Big I’s” stance. He is committed to improving Duke’s involvement with interdisciplinary and international initiatives. He understands the importance of taking Duke’s many global programs and integrating students’ wide range of experiences during the course of these programs. We found Kaveh’s experience on the Academic Affairs Committee for the Board of Trustees as well as his position as the Vice-President for Academic Affairs on DSG to be especially impressive. We believe that these experiences, as well as his time on the FAC Board and position as a line monitor, have given him a diverse perspective of Duke’s student body, which we believe will be invaluable to him as a Young Trustee. Above all, we believe that Kaveh’s dedication to interdisciplinary and international solutions and deep knowledge of Duke’s academic affairs align best with those of Diya’s constituency. We wish all the candidates best of luck in this year’s election. Tara Iyengar, Trinity ’13 Co-President of External Affairs, Duke Diya

10 | MONDAY, FEBRUARY 6, 2012


Feb. 6, 2012 issue  

February 6th, 2012 issue of The Chronicle