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The Chronicle




Unpublished study draws ire from minorities

DUKE 73 CLEM 66 Dawkins leads resurgent Duke

by Michael Shammas THE CHRONICLE

A recent Duke study examining the correlation between academic performance and race is being deemed racist by a number of students and members of the Duke community. The officially unpublished report— “What Happens After Enrollment? An Analysis of the Time Path of Racial Differences in GPA and Major Choice”—examined how minority students close the gap in academic performance as compared to white counterparts at Duke. The research found that black students’ GPAs indeed converge eventually with those of white students, but attributed this to black students being more likely than white students to switch to less difficult majors. About 35 people protested the study Sunday, claiming that the research minimizes the achievement of black students and wrongly characterizes some humanities disciplines as easier than other majors. The Black Student Alliance sponsored the protest following remarks by Donna Brazile, vice chair of voter registration of the Democratic National Committee, in the Duke Chapel Sunday. In a statement released by the organization Monday, BSA expressed concern about the study’s methodology and called for action.


CLEMSON, S.C. — For the first eight minutes Sunday, No. 8 Duke (15-2, 3-0 in the ACC) looked like the same team that lost its first two road games of the season. Andre Dawkins and a resurgent Duke frontcourt made sure this story had a different ending. Dawkins scored 24 points on 7-of-12 shooting to put away a Tiger team that would not give in during the final minutes. After Clemson (9-8, 1-2) closed a 13-point Duke lead to four with 1:31 to play, Dawkins hit an open three late in the shot clock to put Duke back up seven. “Obviously Andre had a spectacular game, and his three when we had the four point lead was a huge shot,” Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “But I thought our guys did a good job finally in attacking the 1-3-1 and looking for that shot, and Andre knocked it right down.” Nursing a five-point lead later, it was Dawkins’ defense that forced an airballed 3-pointer from Andre Young that proved to be the dagger in a 73-66 victory. “Coming into games, I’m worrying about the defensive end rather than hitting shots,” Dawkins said. “I think I’m getting better at it.” The opening minutes, however, looked like a replay of previous away defeats against Ohio State and Temple. IRINA DANESCU/THE CHRONICLE


Junior Andre Dawkins scored 24 points on just 12 shots Sunday against Clemson.


Wright remembered for her Duke sees 6 percent warmth, brilliance and humility spike in applications by Lauren Carroll

by Patton Callaway



Former Graduate School Dean Jo Rae Wright did not let illness get in the way of research. Wright continued to draw up grants for her lab even after stepping down from her duties as dean and vice provost for graduate education in October 2011 after her health worsened. Despite a long battle with breast cancer, her concern for others always overshadowed her own health complications. Wright, who died last week at age 56, remained at Duke as a both professor and researcher after leaving her position as dean, striving to ensure that her condition did not stall other people’s education or careers. “She continued to give 200 percent to her work at the Graduate School and to her lab for a very long time,” said Blanche Capel, professor of cell biology and a close friend to Wright. “It was astonishing.” Wright arrived at Duke in 1993 as an associate professor,

The applications are in with a record number of Duke hopefuls for the Class of 2016. Duke admissions saw a 6 percent increase in the total number of applications from last year—2,656 students applied early decision and 28,909 applied regular decision—for a total of 31,565 applicants competing for a target 1,705 spots. The number of regular decision applicants increased by 5 percent from last year—a 4.6 percent increase for the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and a 13.8 percent increase for the Pratt School of Engineering. Dean of Undergraduate Admissions Christoph Guttentag said he expects the regular decision admit rate to be around 11 percent, one percent lower than last year. Unlike past years, this pool of applicants shows a larger increase in domestic applicants compared to the increase in international applicants.



Wright lost a long battle with breast cancer just weeks after stepping down as dean of the Graduate School. Wright was 56.



Words with funds, Page 3

“Many of the candidates had outstanding qualifications and ideas for the role.” —Katherine Duch on the Young Trustee Nominating Committee. See story page 3

Liston leads Blue Devils over the weekend, Page 9

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Poll shows high national disapproval of Congress

Lawmakers will return to Washington today to begin an election-year work session with low expectations for any significant legislative action, while also receiving even lower approval ratings for themselves. A new Washington Post-ABC News poll shows that a record 84 percent of Americans disapprove of the job Congress is doing, with almost two-thirds saying they “disapprove strongly.” Just 13 percent of Americans approve of how things are going after the 112th Congress’s first year of action, solidifying an unprecedented level of public disgust that has both sides worried about their positions less than 10 months before voters decide their fates. It has been nearly four years since even 30 percent expressed approval of Congress, according to the Post-ABC survey, and support hasn’t recovered from the historic low it reached last fall.

Pleasure is the flower that passes; remembrance, the lasting perfume. — Jean de Boufflers

on the






onschedule at Duke... Social Movements Exhibit Bryan Center Louise Jones Brown Gallery, 12a.m.-11:59p.m. The Social Movements Exhibit will happen concurrently with the “Act to Honor” observation and will focus on social activism that has happened on campus.

Global Health Journal Club: Homophobia and HIV

Huntsman to quit election Iraqi government detains race and support Romney international contractors Former Utah Gov. Jon Huntsman has decided to end his presidential candidacy and will formally exit the race on Monday, according to two sources briefed on his thinking. He is expected to endorse former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney. “This was his decision alone,” said one former adviser. “Alone.”

BAGHDAD — The Iraqi government has temporarily detained more than 100 international workers in recent weeks over visas and paperwork, prompting some of their employers to ask U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton to intervene, according to a trade group that represents contractors doing business here.

Trent 124, 12-1p.m. All Duke community members are invited to attend this monthly brown-bag journal club.

Childhood Obesity Research (CORE) Meeting Duke Diet and Fitness Center, 12:15-1:15p.m. The meeting will consist of a research presentation by CORE members and a discussion of collaborative funding opportunities.

Mental Health and Suicide in Nepal Perkins 217, 4-5p.m. Brandon Kohrt, MD, Ph.D. will give a lecture as a part of a series sponsored by the Duke Global Health Institute.

TODAY IN HISTORY 1966: H-bomb blast in Spain.

“18 of the 20 players selected to compete for the 12 Olympic roster spots competed under Krzyzewski at the 2008 Olympic Games or the 2010 World Championships. The only newcomers are Los Angeles Clippers forward Blake Griffin and Portland Trail Blazers forward LaMarcus Aldridge.” — From The Blue Zone

on the


Antonovden (St. Antony’s Day) Bulgaria

National Day Minorca


Volunteers from Duke, NCCU, and the Rotary Club package meals as part of the MLK Million Meals service event at the Freeman Center.

In the 20th century, thousands of North Carolinians were forcibly sterilized in order to “purge” the gene pool of their “bad genes.” In the last few years, Steve Jobs, Desmond Tutu, Glenn Close and two Duke professors have all had their full genomes sequenced…Genome sequences may become a routine part of reproductive decisions, health care and drug development, and of how we think about ourselves. What is a genome sequence and how is it determined? What can be done with it and what will this mean for society?

Find out in Spring 2012.

BIO 44 Past and Future of the Human Genome Mondays & Wednesdays 2:50pm to 4:05pm Instructors: David B. Goldstein & Misha Angrist

Opening of Patras Carnival Patras


TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012| 3

Scrabble tournament Seven students apply benefits cancer patients to be Young Trustee by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE

In a world with Words with Friends, some still play Scrabble in person. Thirty-two people gathered to do just that at the North Pavilion of Duke Hospital for the second annual Triangle Scrabble Club Charity Tournament, supporting the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program. Participants in the tournament were all members of the North American Scrabble Player’s Association and played a total of 20 games throughout the three-day weekend. This year’s event generated $5,565 after last year’s produced more than $3,600 for the charity, tournament director David Klionsky said. Klionsky, a technology specialist at Seawell Elementary School in Chapel Hill, organized the tournament with the help of Scott Mofield, program director at Duke Medicine, and couple Sridhar and Dr. Sumanthi Iyengar, whose son Amalan learned Scrabble with Klionsky at Seawell. In 1999, Amalan was diagnosed with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome— a rare, genetic disease that kills most as infants and requires extensive bone marrow transplants for those affected. “[Amalan’s] mom gave me the idea of doing a benefit combining his love for Scrabble with support for the charity that saved his life,” Klionsky said. Whereas most tournaments have an entry fee and redistribute the funds as prize money to the winners, funds generated from the $80 entry fee for this

tournament were donated to PBMT. Klionsky, Mofield and the Iyengar family consequently had to solicit donations to be given out to the winners as prizes. SEE SCRABBLE ON PAGE 16


A player surveys the Scrabble board in the North Pavilion of Duke Hospital.

Duke in Madrid “The experience I gained from this program was priceless.” –Fall 2011 Student

Duke in Madrid highlights: x x x x x x x

Fall and spring programs Full Duke credit and codes Humanities and social science courses All instruction in Spanish Homestays with local families Excursions throughout Spain Onsite Duke staff

Eligibility: One 100-level Spanish course and a minimum GPA of 3.0. Fall 2012 deadline is March 1. Global Education Office for Undergraduates

by Matt Budofsky THE CHRONICLE

Fewer undergraduates than in years past wish to represent their peers on the Board of Trustees. Seven students entered the race to become Young Trustee for the 2012 election cycle, a stark contrast to last year’s applicant pool of 20, said junior Gurdane Bhutani, executive vice president of Duke Student Government. In each of the four years prior the number of applicants ranged from 14 to 16, making this the smallest group in five years. Applications were due 12 a.m. Monday and were made available Jan. 6. “It’s not outside the realm of possibility to say its just a matter of this class’ interest in applying to these types of positions,” said DSG President Pete Schork, a senior. Schork, who chose not to apply to be Young Trustee, noted that only three students in the Class of 2012 applied for DSG president last year. Junior Samantha Lachman, chair of the Young Trustee Nomination Committee, said the decrease in the number of applicants could be due to the relatively new selection process. Lachman, who is a columnist and contributing writer for The Chronicle’s monthly magazine Towerview, noted that the process includes both screening by the YTNC and a student-wide election. “[It may cause] candidates to be more realistic about how involved the process is,” Lachman said, noting that this is the third year of the student-wide election for Young Trustee. She said that although there are only a

few applicants, they all seem very impressive. According to the Young Trustee bylaw, there must be at least eight Young Trustee semifinalists, Lachman said. Given that there are fewer than eight applicants this year, Lachman said the YTNC will likely forgo preliminary interviews and go straight into semifinal interviews. The number of applicants to be a Graduate Young Trustee semi-finalist also decreased. The Graduate YTNC received 22 applications this year, as opposed to 30 last year wrote Katherine Duch, chair of the Graduate YTNC and third-year candidate in public policy studies, in an email Monday. “Many of the candidates had outstanding qualifications and ideas for the role,” Duch said. The Young Trustee applicants, both graduate and undergraduate, are judged on several criteria including their commitment to improving Duke and their ability to consider the long and short-term effects of the Board’s actions. After submitting applications, the candidates for the undergraduate Young Trustee position are reviewed by the YTNC, which consists of 18 at-large members chosen by a group of six DSG senators, who make up the Young Trustee Nomination Committee Selection Committee. The YTNC selects between three and five finalists, who will then be considered in a student-wide election process. Bhutani said one of the most important qualities any Young Trustee needs is the ability to speak in a boardroom. SEE YT ON PAGE 8


SITCOM OR DRAMA? Explore storytelling forms through real life stories like The Laramie Project. Adapt personal essays or other non-fiction for the stage as solo or group performances. Transforming Fiction for Stage & Screen-

BASED ON A TRUE STORY (ALP, W) Wed/Fri, 10:05a-11:20a w/Jules Odendahl-James SEATS STILL OPEN FOR SPRING 2012

AMI 116S/English 108BS/TheatrSt 138S

4 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012


Brazile urges continuation of King’s work

Visit www.duke chronicle

by Joel Luther THE CHRONICLE

The vice chair of voter registration of the Democratic National Committee insists that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s work is far from finished. Donna Brazile, who managed Al Gore’s 2000 presidential campaign and is a regular political commentator for CNN, spoke in the Duke Chapel Sunday at a service honoring King’s legacy. She recounted her personal experience as a political strategist and urged students to continue to honor King’s memory. “Dr. King put us on the path to where we are today, and that is to give every American citizen—every eligible citizen—the power to change their own lives and transform their community,” Brazile said. “He knew instinctively, as a man of God would know, that his own life was yet to be fulfilled only if he believed that he could make this, the United States of America, a more perfect union.” Brazile detailed her experience working on the campaign to make King’s birthday a national holiday. The holiday was proposed in the House of Representatives, and was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan in 1983. It was observed for the first time in 1986. Brazile noted that she was responsible for mobilizing youth to sign a petition to create the holiday. Brazile maintained that King’s work was unfinished, citing high poverty and unemployment rates, and called upon people to help end it. Brazile added that state laws that required voters


Duke received its most undergraduate applications ever this year, both for early and regular decision.

ADMISSIONS from page 1 “The overwhelming majority of the increase this year is among U.S. students,” Guttentag said. “This is the first year in awhile where the increase among U.S. students has been proportionally greater than that of international students by a significant amount.” The majority of U.S. student applicants come from California, with a significant number from North Carolina and New York. This distribution of the applicant pool is pretty typical, Guttentag said. “Regular decision applicants tend to be a more economically diverse and geographically diverse group of applicants,” he said. “Because we have a binding early decision program, there are always students who feel that they cannot make that level of commitment through early decision. If you’re close by and had a chance to visit the campus, it’s easier to [apply early decision].” Georgia applicant Alex Huhman, a senior at the Westminster Schools, was able to visit Duke, but she said she decided to apply regular decision for different reasons.

“I have to wait to hear about scholarships before I can decide where I can go,” Huhman said. Although much data on regular decision has not yet been released, many universities—including Harvard University, Princeton University, Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania—have seen decreased rates for early acceptance programs. Northwestern University expects to see a 3 percent increase in regular decision applicants from last year, totalling nearly 32,000 applications. “It’s always really exciting to realize that we’re creating the Duke student body and that there are over 31,000 students who want to be a part of it,” said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president of public affairs and government relations. Duke’s best asset is its students, said Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost of undergraduate education. “At Duke, we’re looking for more than just really smart students—we’re looking for students who want to be engaged,” Nowicki said. “We see that in many different divisions and in the passion to which they bring to their work in and outside of the classroom.” Applicants will receive their admissions decisions April 1.


5th Annual Global Health Lecture

Perspectives on Globalization and Health Policy Barbara Nichols, DHL, MS, RN, FAAN n Implications of policy development on health workforce in resource-poor countries n Global demographic changes and challenges n Lessons from the field in pursuing careers and opportunities in global health

Barbara Nichols, DHL, MS, RN, FAAN Chief Executive Officer (Retired) Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS Ingterenational)

Thursday, January 19, 2012 4:30 – 6:00 p.m. Duke University School of Nursing Auditorium 307 Trent Drive, Durham NC Student Poster Display and Reception immediately following in Café Duson FREE and open to the public Limited seating; RSVP by January 17, 2012 Contact or (919) 684-9554

sponsored by

Office of Global and Community Health Initiatives, Duke University School of Nursing Duke Global Health Institute Duke University Health System Clinical Education & Professional Development Duke University Health System Clinical Education & Professional Development has been approved as an Authorized Provider by the International Association for Continuing Education &Training (IACET), 1760 Old Meadow Road, Suite 500, McLean, VA 22102. In obtaining this approval, Duke University Health System Clinical Education & Professional Development has demonstrated that it complies with the ANSI/IACET 1-2007 Standard, which are widely recognized as standards of good practice internationally. As a result of Authorized Provider status, Duke University Health System Clinical Education & Professional Development is authorized to offer IACET CEU’s for its programs that qualify under the ANSI/IACET 1-2007 Standard.


STUDY from page 1

TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012| 5

“We reject the notion that majors in the humanities and social sciences are inherently easier and call on the University administration to do the same, publicly,” the statement said. “Furthermore, we ask the entire Duke community to stand with us against this attack on the academic achievements of all students in the humanities and social sciences and black students at this University.” BSA members declined to comment further. “This study does not embody Duke’s values as an institution,” said sophomore Jacob Tobia, who attended the demonstration. “We do not stand for that type of racist inquiry and that misuse of academia to mischaracterize the accomplishments of the African-American students at our institution.” For the purposes of the research, the investigators quantified the difficulty of certain majors based on student evaluations, measured study times, grades and grading standards. Among the “more difficult” majors were engineering, hard sciences and economics. Subjects in the humanities and social sciences were deemed less difficult. According to the study, among students matriculating in 2001 and 2002 who initially expressed an interest in majoring in engineering, economics or the natural sciences, 54 percent of black males and 51 percent of black females ended up switching to other majors in the humanities or social sciences. By contrast, only about 8 percent of white men and 33 percent of white women switched majors. Conditional on choosing an initial major, Black students are slightly more likely than white students to express an initial interest in engineering, economics or the natural sciences—61.7 percent for blacks compared to 60.8 percent for whites—yet less than 30 percent of black students finish with a major in that realm compared to 50.5 percent of whites.

“I was very surprised that the study received coverage given that it is unpublished,” Arcidiacono wrote in an email Sunday. “The reaction may be because others are using the study in a lawsuit against racial preferences in admissions.” Arcidiacono is meeting with BSA members Thursday. “I hope that people have actually read the study,” he said. “When I meet with BSA, I hope to make clear what the paper says and what it doesn’t say.” Although most of the controversy centers around the racial aspect of Arcidiacono’s study, he and his colleagues also observed similar results with legacy students, who—like minorities—are often given an advantage in college admissions. In the report, the scholars argue that their findings undermine other studies that play down the difficulties experienced by recipients of affirmative action and legacy students by asserting that these students eventually earn the same GPAs as their white counterparts. The research found similar major-switching patterns in legacy students as well. BSA President Nana Asante, a senior, said in a speech before Brazile’s remarks that the study undermines the scholastic achievements of black students at Duke. “That was definitely not the intent,” Arcidiacono said. “I don’t think other academic economists read the paper in that way, either.” He added that people may be misinterpreting what the study actually says. “The study doesn’t say anything about what races are better at Duke or anything like that,” he said in an interview. “What it actually says is that if you take white students and black students with similar levels of academic preparation, then they leave the hard sciences and economics at the same rate,” The reason that the gaps are so different in terms of how many people switch out is that students are coming to Duke with very different academic backgrounds, he added.

‘Not the intent’ Peter Arcidiacono, the report’s lead author and professor of economics, said that he is not certain what BSA and others are criticizing about the study.

‘Affront to the liberal arts’ Protesters, who held signs reading “GPA has no race” and “My major is not easy” among other statements, had an equally passionate response to the fact

that some majors were quantified as less difficult than other subjects. According to the report, self-reported assessments of course difficulty indicated that the sciences were more difficult than the humanities. Students taking courses in the natural sciences, engineering and economics earned grades that were on average 8 percent lower than courses outside those fields. Moreover, these subjects were associated with 50 percent more study time than others. “The study is an affront to the diversity of our institution and an affront to the liberal arts in general,” Tobia said. Sophomore Alston Neville said he thinks the study is biased. “It doesn’t take into account anything about the value of the majors,” Neville said. “It’s just assuming that hard majors are in pre-med classes, so it’s really not taking into credit what majors at Duke are different, and it’s not all about color as it is making it seem.” Arcidiacono said that, in contrast to some accusations, his study did not label majors that fall within the social sciences as easy. “I just read [the report] again and could not find anything that said humanities and social science majors were easy,” he said. “All statements are about relative difficulties, given student answers to the survey questions.” Senior Thomas Burr, an economics major, said BSA overreacted to the study and misunderstood economics department’s purpose. He added that he believes the professors who spearheaded the study—Arcidiacono and Kenneth Spenner, professor of sociology, psychology and neuroscience—were unfairly attacked in the email BSA sent to students that called for a protest and labeled Aridiacono’s study “hurtful and alienating.” “Essentially, BSA has implied that the professors had malicious intent when performing this research, which is absurd,” Burr wrote in an email Sunday. “They should have met with the professors before making such an inflammatory charge against their characters.”

6 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012


Sitting out

Open Courses in Public Policy Studies Enroll now! There’s still space available!! Spring 2012 PUBPOL 150S.01 Global Democratization TTH 2:50-4:05, Mickiewicz Global expansion of democracy and how this trend is studied, analyzed, ranked and rated, with particular attention to organizations that employ methods of ranking and disseminate the results. Includes discussing the policy uses and consequences of these methods, the context and history of democratization and exploring current examples of democratic transition. PUBPOL 188.01 Whose Democracy? Participation and Public Policy in the U.S. MW 2:50-4:05, Goss We invite you to enroll in a new service-learning seminar, “Whose Democracy?” which surveys the shifting nature of political and civic engagement in America; the impact of engagement on our democracy; and the ways that public policy encourages or stifles citizens’ voices. The course has been taught once before, to great reviews. This year, the course will revolve around the policy theme of immigration and multiculturalism. Besides studying theories and cases of interest groups, social movements, and other forms of participation, students will work in teams on consulting projects for Durham-area nonprofits working with immigrant and refugee communities. JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE

PUBPOL 195.01 Contemporary International Policy Issues MW 10:05-11:20, Johnson This course surveys a number of issues that display different forms and different policy responses in various geographical regions and cultures. Examples include: use of natural resources, design of international organizations, patterns of human migration, privatization of security, and the spread of pandemics. The course is interdisciplinary and thematic, with particular attention to political, economic, and social patterns that help to explain conflict and cooperation in international policy. The goal is to introduce international policy issues that remain to be solved in the future, while understanding how present-day relationships and policies are shaped by the past.

Students and members of the Duke community gather in front of the Duke Chapel Monday to honor Martin Luther King Jr. with a “sit-in” to recognize the students of 1968 who protested with sit-ins.

Only 46 more days...

PUPBPOL 195S.03 Into the Heart of Durham: Community Development Paths to Transformation TTH 11:40-12:55, Daniel This course seeks wisdom and understanding of the field of community development and different approaches to community needs and aspirations while deeply exploring public policy issues, developments in the vibrant/unique context of the Bull City. As a service learning course, it will engage head, hand, and heart in theories of community development and vocation. We will also engage the role that faith plays in the character of individuals and communities as they seek to imagine and create a better future or in the context of Durham’s motto, make their city a place where “great things happen.” PUBPOL 195S.04 Aging and Population TTH 1:15-2:30, Kim This course covers policy issues of modern aging societies, with special emphases on families and comparisons between Western countries and Asian countries. To tackle the complex issues, we discuss both relevant theories and empirical evidence from various disciplines including sociology, economics, public health, and human biology. The first module introduces demography, investigating the underlying causes of population aging and presenting trends in population age distributions around the globe. In the second module, we review public old-age support programs in the East and West and discuss their challenges. The module also describes policy options to mitigate the consequences of population aging, and assesses the effectiveness of the policies from the comparative perspective. The third module examines why families provide elder support, how the support differs across societies and cultures, and how public and private old-age provisions are interrelated.


Tenting begins in Krzyzewskiville this weekend with black tenters sleeping out in anticipation of Duke’s March 3 matchup with rival North Carolina in Cameron Indoor Stadium.


TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012| 7






8 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012

WRIGHT from page 1 and her influence has rippled throughout the medical field ever since. Wright was awarded Duke’s Excellence in Basic Science Teaching Award twice prior to becoming Graduate School dean in 2006. For her work as a cell biologist, Wright was awarded the American Physiological Society’s Walter B. Cannon Award for lifetime achievement in 2005. In 2008, she was the first Ph.D. to become president of the American Thoracic Society, which is typically led by clinical physicians. Wright was known by many as a valuable leader, mentor, professor and friend. She was incredibly generous, said Sally Kornbluth, vice dean for research at the School of Medicine. “She was always wondering how I was doing, even when she wasn’t well,” Kornbluth said. A friend to all Capel arrived at Duke the same year as Wright. They had adjoining research labs for 10 years, and the two quickly became close friends. Capel shared Wright’s love of the beach, shoes, shopping and a good India Pale Ale beer. Capel said Wright was a thoughtful listener and level-headed—she was able to solve any problem, whether it involved family, students, coworkers or a stubborn piece of lab machinery. She was respectful but held others accountable. “[Wright] was always fair with people, even-handed and kind, but her goal was to give the best advice,” Capel said. “She wanted to be nice, but she didn’t let people get away with letting her down.” Although she did not have many close blood relatives, Wright considered many to be her family. The scientist had a particularly


tight-knit relationship with her goddaughter, Abby Reynolds, who is a pharmacist in Raleigh, N.C. Reynolds remembers her godmother as warm, fun-loving and wickedly funny. “Even until the end, she maintained that sense of humor and could come back with a one-line zinger,” Reynolds said. “I remember thinking, ‘I want to be just like her when I grow up.’” Reynolds added that Wright was able to find friends anywhere—scuba diving in the Cayman Islands, in a gym class or at a Duke basketball game. Everyone loved to be around her, in and outside the workplace. About 20 years ago, Wright befriended Patty Saylor, who is married to Dan Kiehart, professor of biology and chair of the biology department. The two lived several houses apart, and became close when Wright recognized her colleague’s name on the mailbox and introduced herself. Saylor said Wright was an excellent cook, and they often ate dinner together. “She was the kind of friend who made me feel like I won the lottery,” Saylor said. “She would show you how you could do something even if you thought you couldn’t.” Saylor, who now cares for Wright’s dog, Horton, said it was clear that Wright was well-respected in her profession. It seemed that every physician who cared for Wright throughout her illness was one of her former students. An influential scientist Wright was particularly influential in cell biology research, focusing on a lung fluid called pulmonary surfactant. Before Wright’s research, many thought surfactant’s only purpose was to prevent the lung from collapsing, said Dr. Monica Kraft, director of the Duke Asthma, Allergy and Airway Center. Wright discovered that surfactant signals the immune system to pro-

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tect the lungs from pathogens in the air and is helpful in researching asthma and lung disease. “We now have an understanding of all the processes of how the human body keeps the lungs intact,” said Kraft, who will be continuing some of Wright’s research. Kraft added that Wright was passionate about research—and not just her own— because new ideas excited her. Kornbluth said Wright was realistic and logical as a scientist and a deep thinker. In discussions, she would often pause to develop a well-thought statement. Wright had a steady moral compass and would always argue for what was right, even if it meant going against a colleague. “She was incredibly well-liked by everybody, but she was not a pushover,” Kornbluth said. “She had a very clear idea of the way things would be, and she had a tough backbone.” Wright was also a generous teacher and leader, who was always explaining her decisions and reasoning, said Dr. Randy Curtis, professor at the University of Washington,

YT from page 1 “The Young Trustee is going to need to speak in front of business heads and billionaires, and they are going to have to communicate well in that setting,” he said. Schork added that a Young Trustee also needs to be able to build a strong rapport with Board members. “These situations are very relationship-oriented,” he said. “The most effective conversations happen outside of the boardroom.” Some of the issues the Young Trustee will address include Duke’s global ventures and Duke Kunshan University, the renovation of the West Union Building and the start of the

who worked with Wright for several years at the American Thoracic Society. He said she once took him on a tour of the Duke Lemur Center, where someone told him that Wright, as the Graduate School dean, single-handedly saved the center when it was in danger of losing funding. “She’s so modest,” Curtis said. “She was a very ambitious person, but her ambition was centered on what she could accomplish and not whether she got credit.” Wright’s colleagues and the Duke community are also working to preserve her legacy. Kornbluth noted that Wright’s friends and colleagues are raising money for a new space in her memory at the new School of Medicine Learning Center. And in December, the University established the Jo Rae Wright Fellowship for Outstanding Women in Science, which will recognize two female Ph.D. students—one from the biomedical sciences and one from the natural sciences. A date and location for a memorial service to honor Wright had not been set as of Monday. house model. Lachman noted that one of the application essay prompts asked about working under Duke’s financial constraints. Schork said the future undergraduate Young Trustee should have a deep understanding of Duke’s campus culture. To act as a representative of the student body, it is important the Young Trustee understand and speak about issues such as the new residential model but especially in the context of how that affects student life. “The position is a wonderful way to serve the University, and I am excited to see the outcome,” Schork said. The YTNC will meet this week to decide the time line for choosing Young Trustee finalists.



The Chronicle


TUESDAY January 17, 2012

Track and field starts its season at the Dick Taylor Invitational. PAGE 10 Mike Krzyzewski begins to pare down his roster in preparation for the Olympics.


Plumlee’s surge leads Duke in second half by Steven Slywka THE CHRONICLE

Masked behind the clutch shooting of Andre Dawkins and his 24 points is something even more important to Duke’s championship hopes, the dominance of Miles Plumlee. Despite his pedestrian six points, Plumlee grabbed a game-high 14 rebounds, and helped carry Duke to a 73-66 victory over the Clemson Tigers. “Miles Plumlee was a force for us today,” head coach Mike Krzyzewski said. “He was very physical.” Plumlee’s impact off the bench helped Duke overcome a slow start as Game the athleticism of Devin Booker overthe Blue Devils. Booker had Analysis whelmed eight rebounds in the first half alone. “They came out with more intensity and more fire to start the game,” forward Ryan Kelly said. “We weathered the storm today, but we can’t continue to do that. We have to be the team that throws the first punch.” Coming out of halftime, however, the Blue Devils displayed a drastic change in attitude. “We just had to go to the boards,” said Mason Plumlee, who finished the game with seven rebounds. “I think we were turning and looking and not hitting bodies. If you just jump with people it’s a 50-50 ball, but if you hit bodies and you have inside position you’re going to get the rebound.” Miles’ efforts proved too much for the Tigers in the second half. The senior, who had averaged just three rebounds per game in his past three contests, dominated the glass—especially on the offensive side, where he finished with six boards. “When I got in there I really wanted to make an impact on the game,” said Miles, who came in for Mason as part of a mass substitution. “I wanted to set the tone for the rest of the team and I came up with some boards.” IRINA DANESCU/THE CHRONICLE

Miles Plumlee helped Duke overcome an early rebounding deficit by grabbing a game-high 14 boards, including eight in the second half.



Duke stays unbeaten in ACC play with wins by Matt Pun

by Mike Schreiner



Duke forced Florida State into 25 turnovers—a season high for the Seminoles— to secure a win and remain atop the ACC. Fueled by Tricia Liston’s fourth 20-point game of the season, as well as double-digit point totals from Elizabeth Williams and Chelsea Gray, the No. 7 Blue Devils pulled away late for a 73-66 victory over Florida State (10-8, 2-2) at Camer66 on Indoor Stadium FSU Duke 73 Friday night. Early on, both teams struggled to protect the ball. Duke maintained a small early lead by forcing 16 turnovers from the Seminoles—just three below their game average of 19—in the opening 20 minutes alone. “We did not do a good job of passing around people,” Seminole head coach Sue Semrau said. The Blue Devils capitalized on their opponent’s carelessness, outscoring Florida State 15-4 in points off turnovers in the half. “If we would’ve taken care of the ball on our end, it would’ve been a different outcome,” Florida State senior Cierra Bravard said.

The Blue Devils came out firing on all cylinders Sunday, using sharp shooting and solid defense to take a commanding lead over the Hokies en route to a milestone victory. Forcing nine Virginia Tech (6-12, 2-3 in the ACC) turnovers and making 10 of its first 13 shots from the floor, No. 7 Duke (14-2, 5-0) jumped out to a 20-point lead in the first 10 minDuke 61 utes of the game, 34 and then cruised VT to a 61-34 victory, head coach Joanne P. McCallie’s 50th career ACC win. McCallie, who has coached 61 ACC games at Duke, is now the second fastest head coach to reach that milestone, trailing only Kay Yow, who needed only 57 games at N.C. State. Freshman Elizabeth Williams led the Blue Devils throughout the game, finishing with 20 points, eight of which came during her team’s early 24-4 run. “Our ability to get stops, then convert off of forced turnovers really got us going,” Williams said. “We came in with a much higher energy than the last game, and KEVIN SHAMIEH/THE CHRONICLE


Tricia Liston had her fourth 20-point game of the year in the Blue Devils’ 73-66 win Friday night.


10 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012



Individuals enter national ranks at Dick Taylor by Sarah Elsakr THE CHRONICLE

The Blue Devils began their season this weekend at the Dick Taylor Invitational, which provided an opportunity for new athletes as well as a few returning upperclassmen to see where they stood.

Eighteen out of the 36 Duke athletes competing were freshmen, but they proved that they were ready for their collegiate careers with their performances in Chapel Hill, N.C. Freshman Morgan Pearson, who was a topfive member of Duke’s cross country team in the fall, was the


Nate McClafferty’s leg in the distance medley relay helped Duke to a comeback win.

highest-placing Blue Devil freshman at the meet. Pearson took first place in the 3000m race with a time of 8:38.53, finishing ahead of classmate Alec Klassen, who came in ninth overall. As of the meet’s finish, Pearson’s performance ranked 44th among NCAA Division I athletes. “It was a very good start,” director of track and field Norm Ogilvie said. “A real good showcase for the freshmen…highlighted with the win by Morgan Pearson in the 3000m—convincing, solid, well-paced, fast win—and then at the end of the night winning the distance medley.” The Blue Devils ran three freshmen—Henry Farley, Kyle Moran and Nate McClafferty— and junior Dominick Robinson in the distance medley relay. The team got off to a good start, but was unable to keep up with the competition for the first two legs. McClafferty’s third leg, however, and Robinson’s fast anchor performance were able to secure a come-from-behind win for Duke with a time of 10:11.04. Their win placed 11th in the NCAA Division I rankings. “Our first two legs actually ran pretty good,” McClafferty said. “It was just that they faced some tough competition right off the gun. I was just running to try to make up ground and I felt really

good so I wanted to put our team in a position to win. I was glad I was able to do that.” Although Duke athletes only won the distance medley relay and the men’s 3000m race, several Blue Devils were able to make it to the finals of their events both on the track and in the field. On the men’s side junior Matt Marriott finished in seventhplace in the 600m, leading five of his teammates, including sophomore Ben Raskin who took 13th. In the 800m, freshmen Kyle Moran and Henry Farley also posted top-fifteen finishes, taking sixth and 11th, respectively. Their classmate Shaun Thompson had a strong opening to his collegiate track career as well, with a fourth-place finish in the mile. Robinson repeated his success in the distance medley with a sixthplace performance in the mile as he finished one spot ahead of teammate Brian Schoepfer. The men had a good showing in the field as well, with freshman Ian Rock posting a secondplace finish in the pole vault, just two spots ahead of sophomore Justin Amezquita and five spots in front of junior Curtis Beach. Beach also earned a 14th-place finish in the high jump. The women also brought home some top finishes, with freshman Lauren Hansson lead-

ing her teammates in the 600m as she crossed the line in second. Seniors Brittany Whitehead, Nicole Ragucci, junior Alexis Roper and freshman Sophia Treakle also took top-10 spots in the event. Freshman Teddi Maslowski and sophomore Hannah Goranson matched their teammates by placing in the top 10 in their event, the 60m hurdles, taking sixth and eighth, respectively. The highlight of the meet for the women, however, took place in the field, where Karli Johonnot made school history taking second in the high jump. Her jump of 5-foot-8.75 tied the No. 2 all-time Duke performance in the women’s high jump and holds 22nd among NCAA Division I rankings. Johonnot went on to compete with teammates Maslowski and Miray Seward in the long jump as well, where she took 10th, three spots behind Maslowski and three ahead of Seward. Although several of Duke’s athletes did not participate in the Invitational, after seeing their teammates perform they are eager for their chance to compete as well. Those that did compete, however, are looking forward to improving their results. “It’s only the first meet,” Beach said. “After this I think a lot of the jitters will go down and we can really focus on having big performances.”

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Cunha, Saba debut Duke opens spring at as new doubles pair Freeman Memorial by Alex Young THE CHRONICLE

Duke kicked off its spring season over the weekend with a strong showing at the Duke Invitational held at Sheffield Indoor Tennis Center. Playing Elon Saturday, William and Mary Sunday and No. 20 North Carolina Monday, the No. 10 Blue Devils combined to go 19-2 in singles matches and 9-1 in doubles throughout the weekend tournament that will not factor in their dual match record. “The goal of this weekend was to get a lot of matches under our belt and really focus on doubles,” head coach Ramsey Smith said. “We tried some new doubles teams and I was really happy with how all four doubles teams looked. I thought we made some big improvements from the fall…. It was the perfect weekend to get things going.” With 19 points, Duke senior Torsten Wietoska finished the tournament tops in singles play. The Leer, Germany native improved to 11-3 on the season, winning all three of his weekend matches. “Torsten had a very good end of the fall. He’s finally healthy and he’s playing with a whole lot of confidence,” Smith said. “He stepped up and played two and three for us in this tournament. The last couple of years he has played more in that five range so I’m really excited about him. He’s going to be an important part of our team this year.” Tied for second in the singles tournament were Blue Devil junior Henrique Cunha and Tar Heel junior Jose Hernandez, with 16

PLUMLEE from page 9 Miles’ outburst is reminiscent of another Duke player who exploded in the second half of his senior season to help carry Duke to an NCAA championship, Brian Zoubek. Duke needs someone to help improve the Blue Devils’ rebounding. Despite Mason averaging nearly ten boards a game, 2nd in the ACC, the Blue Devils have consistently been outrebounded by their opponents, as their average of 35.3 rebounds per game places them just 157th in the country. Duke especially needs another presence on the glass when Mason gets in foul trouble, as he did against Clemson when he picked up his fourth foul with almost 10 minutes

points each. Cunha, ranked seventh nationally, beat the 30th ranked Hernandez Monday in straight sets, 6-2, 6-4. “I played pretty aggressive today,” Cunha said. “That was my game plan. It played well at the beginning of the match. I got the early break and that was important for me.... I was dictating the points.” The pair of Cunha and sophomore Fred Saba won the doubles portion of the tournament with 12 points. The duo won all three of their matches by scores of 8-4, 8-0 and 9-7. This weekend was the first time the two had played together in competition, having never even practiced together until last Wednesday, Smith said. Duke will now begin their dual match play next Saturday in Ann Arbor, Mich. against the Wolverines. Smith expressed confidence that sophomore Chris Mengel—who retired after one set Monday due to a nagging wrist injury—would be available for the match. “The last two years we’ve reached the [NCAA tournament] round of 16 and lost,” Smith said. “This year I think we’re ready to take it that one or two steps further. The last two years it was something where we hadn’t really made the round of 16 so it was kind of a big deal to get there. Now—it’s not assumed— but I think everyone really believes we belong in that mix…. I’m excited about how far we can go.”

Head coach Jaime Ashworth still working to find the most effective starting lineup by Danny Nolan THE CHRONICLE

The No. 3 Blue Devils competed in their first tournament of 2012 at the Freeman Memorial Tennis Championships this past weekend in Las Vegas, Nev. In three days of action, three doubles teams and five singles players faced off against some of the best players in the country. “The number one reason we play in this tournament is to get matches,” head coach Jamie Ashworth said. “A lot of girls haven’t played competitively for two months. We’ve been practicing, but it’s an opportunity to see what [the players] have done over break.” The doubles team of freshman Ester Goldfeld and junior Mary Clayton had the most success at UNLV. On Friday, the duo defeated UCLA’s McCall Jones and Carling Seguso 8-4 and ousted Southern California’s Valeria Pulido and Zoe Scandalis 8-5 the next day to advance to the semifinals. UCLA’s 23rd-ranked Pamela Montez and Courtney Dolehide were able to squeeze out a 9-8 victory on Sunday, though, and went on to win the championship. In other doubles action, the team of sophomore Hanna Mar and freshman Annie Mulholland reached the quarterfinals

before falling to Montez and Dolehide, 8-5. Although content with the tournament, Ashworth also noted that the doubles lineup would continue to change. “We have to be able to find three good teams,” Ashworth said. “So we’re trying different combinations. We had a couple of girls that didn’t play in Las Vegas that we want to put back in the mix. They’re a key ingredient in any and all goals that we have set for the season. If we play good doubles we’ll definitely be in matches.” Goldfeld also found success in singles, advancing to the consolation finals against Florida’s Caroline Hitimana. Goldfeld dropped the first set 6-2, but was able to come back and win the second set, 6-2. Hitimana overcame the rally and emerged victorious, winning the final set 1-0 (10-4). “Overall it was a good weekend,” Ashworth said. “Results-wise we definitely had our share of wins, but we had some losses where we left games on the court. It’s a good learning experience, because when you play good teams you don’t get a lot of opportunities [to win].” The team will return to action this Friday for their first dual match of the 2012 season to take on William and Mary.

remaining. This time Miles stepped in admirably, grabbing four crucial rebounds in just under five minutes. As Duke progresses into February and March, it may be Miles’ resurgence that dictates just how far this team can go. “I’ve really felt like I’ve taken off,” Miles said. “I’m going to continue to play with my teammates and share energy, and the rest is going to take care of itself.” With a young team, one normally wouldn’t expect the greatest transformation to come from the lone senior, but that just may be the case with Miles Plumlee. “We’re in a huge stage of development for this team,” Miles said. “We’re not who we’re going to be at the end of the year. We just have to keep working.”

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VIRGINIA TECH from page 9 that’s really what we needed to start off.” On offense, Duke rarely needed the full shot clock early on, scoring 16 of its first 24 points off turnovers, often on fast break layups. In addition to forcing turnovers, the Blue Devil defense forced Hokie first-year head coach Dennis Wolff to call three timeouts in the opening 10 minutes while trying to find an answer on offense. Duke relied on overwhelming Virginia Tech with its size in a half-court defensive look rather than playing its signature full-court press. Williams made a statement on defense as well, asserting her presence with two early blocks and adding two more rejections and seven rebounds in the game. Sophomore Shay Selby added energy off the bench, having an impact that went beyond her four rebounds and two steals. “I credit Shay Selby with coming off the bench and lifting the defense with her ball pressure,” McCallie said. “She defended [junior guard Ariel Wilson] beautifully and caused some turnovers.” Junior Allison Vernerey and senior Kathleen Scheer, who grabbed seven boards each, also impressed McCallie with their rebounding, a facet of Duke’s game that McCallie has worked to improve all season. The bench played an important role in Sunday’s game, as McCallie had at least two reserves on the floor for most of the final thirty minutes. The mixed lineup held onto the comfortable lead the starters had built, never allowing Virginia Tech to get within 13 of the Blue Devils, and even stretching their advantage to 27 late in the second half. The Blue Devils cooled off offensively as the game progressed, taking a season-low 50 shots, coupled with 18 turnovers. They more than made up for it, though, with what McCallie called “a truly incredible defensive effort.”


The squad came into the game looking to hold the Hokies to 40 points, but lowered that goal to 34 at halftime. Sophomore guard Monet Tellier scored at the five-minute mark to give Virginia Tech its 33rd and 34th points, but the Hokies did not score again. The Duke victory came against a depleted Hokie squad—Wolff had only six scholarship players at his disposal for Sunday’s contest due to injuries. Duke will play its third game in six days Wednesday as it travels to Atlanta to take on Georgia Tech.

FLORIDA STATE from page 9 The Seminoles remained close, however, as the Blue Devils turned the ball over ten times themselves in the period. In the second half, Florida State made a charge to bring the game within one at the 18-minute mark. Duke never surrendered the lead, however, as the team began to take better care of the ball, lasting until the 2:10 mark without a turnover. Fueled by scoring from Liston, Gray, and Williams, the Blue Devils pushed their lead to double digits in the final 10 minutes. With just 2:48 remaining, Duke had its largest lead at 73-59. After nearly 18 minutes of turnover-free basketball, however, the Blue Devils let the Seminoles back into the game by giving the ball away five times the rest of the game, including three turnovers from Gray. Florida State did not have time to get back into the game, but Duke knows that it cannot continue its careless ways. “We did not take care of the ball in the last few minutes and in a crucial game, that’ll hurt us,” Gray said.

bowing Tanner Smith in the face with 5:58 remaining, Clemson cut the Duke lead to eight from the charity stripe. Plumlee quickly atoned for his error at Clemson dominated the glass on both sides of the court early, and the lacka- the other end of the court, though, keepdaisical Blue Devil effort prompted ing the subsequent possession alive twice Krzyzewski to take out his entire start- on the offensive glass. His teammates did ing lineup just over two minutes into not produce points off of either of his offensive boards, but the third time was the game. While the backups energized Duke the charm for the Blue Devils. Another defensively, the offense stagnated, as offensive rebound by Seth Curry led to a Miles Plumlee layup was the Blue a wide-open 3-pointer for Dawkins—who Devils’ only basket in a span of nearly shot 5-for-9 from beyond the arc in the five minutes. As a result, Duke found game—that put Duke up 11. Outreboundthemselves down eight “We needed a wakeup call. ed 22-18 in the first half, the points at the second media We needed a jolt.... For the Blue Devils rethe adtimeout. last 30 minutes we worked gained vantage on the “We needed a wakeup call, harder out there than they glass in the game’s final pewe needed a did and it showed on the riod and allowed jolt,” Dawkonly 12 points in ins said. “We scoreboard.” came out a the paint. Mason — Andre Dawkins Plumlee finished little slow out of the gates with 12 points, while Miles so that’s what Coach [Krzyzewski] did, and we re- Plumlee pulled down 14 rebounds. “It was just five guys with the mentalsponded well. For the last 30 minutes we worked harder out there than ity that they needed to rebound,” Kelly they did and it showed on the score- said. “If all five guys go to the boards, we have a good chance to get rebounds and board.” The starters’ return prompted argu- we did that.” But the night belonged to Dawkins, who ably Duke’s best stretch of the game, as Quinn Cook scored five of Duke’s perhaps has put together his best two-game next seven points to spur a 23-9 run. stretch of the year following a 10-point efThe Blue Devils maintained that lead fort against Virginia. The junior’s next challenge will be to and took a four-point cushion into the maintain that performance through the locker room. Although Dawkins scored nearly a rest of the ACC season. “The last two games Andre has been terthird of Duke’s points, it was the Blue Devil frontcourt that gave him the scor- rific,” Krzyzeski said. “He’s capable of doing opportunities. After Miles Plumlee ing that. It’s tough to do that all the time, was charged with a technical foul for el- but we needed it tonight.”

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A doubleplusgood review Curriculum 2000 shares conducted over several years at least one quality with and will likely include a reGeorge Orwell’s dystopian view of the Modes of Inquiry novel “1984.” Published in requirement as well. This 1949, Orwell’s once pro- bodes well for a curriculum phetic title now only points with problems that have beto a prediction come clearer gone unrealwith age. editorial ized. Likewise, This anwhere Curriculum 2000 once nouncement comes on the drew attention to its curren- tails of a still ongoing review cy, it now only reminds us of the Quantitative Studies that it is past its prime. curriculum code. The proThankfully, the Arts and posal—which would require Sciences Council has an- students to take one QS renounced a review of the quirement in a quantitative Areas of Knowledge require- department—has been hagment. This is not a wholesale gled over by the council since review; for now, the council October, and has been in the only seeks to identify what works since 2010. Unfortuissues, if any, ought to be re- nately, the council seems solved. This gives credibility set on reciting the same arto a long told administra- guments for it and against tive tale of a piecemeal cur- it. We hope the next review riculum review, slated to be moves more purposefully.

Glad Quinn got his first start. He’s more productive offensively than Tyler and will contribute greatly to our future success. —“WhoDat” commenting on the story “Cook helps Duke hold off Georgia Tech in first start.” See more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

The Arts and Sciences Council has not made clear how it intends to review the curriculum codes. Duke’s curriculum is neither overly strict nor too loose: It avoids the rigidity of a core curriculum and the latitude of an open one. But trying to balance these values will always take more work than letting either hold sway. Maintaining equilibrium means that the review must address the credibility of the curriculum requirements and come to grips with the courses that purport to meet those requirements. A genuine review must do three things. First, it should determine whether or not the classifications designated by the Areas of Knowledge and Modes of Inquiry

are meaningful and reflect the goals of the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences— we think they do. Second, it must outline with specificity the types of methods and knowledge each code represents, and make clear how they should be applied in actual courses. Third—and this is by far the largest step—the review must audit courses that have been assigned curriculum codes. This step is critical to ensure that curriculum codes are being applied accurately. Auditing should start with course evaluations, which are completed by students at the end of a course, and should include questions based on which curriculum codes are applied to the course. These questions

should reflect the wording of the criteria for each particular Area of Knowledge or Mode of Inquiry. Courses with evaluations that do not match their code designations can be flagged for a more rigorous audit, which could involve committee members attending class sessions or conducting focus groups with relevant students and faculty. A true curriculum review can’t stop with codes; it has to address the actual courses students take. Many Duke courses are too easy or too hard—Computer Science 82 is a pushover, Math 31 is intimidating—and there is little in between. The solution here is not just reapplying old codes—it is crafting new courses.

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SANETTE TANAKA, Editor NICHOLAS SCHWARTZ, Managing Editor NICOLE KYLE, News Editor CHRIS CUSACK, Sports Editor MELISSA YEO, Photography Editor MEREDITH JEWITT, Editorial Page Editor CORY ADKINS, Editorial Board Chair MELISSA DALIS, Co-Managing Editor for Online JAMES LEE, Co-Managing Editor for Online DEAN CHEN, Director of Online Operations JONATHAN ANGIER, General Manager TOM GIERYN, Sports Managing Editor KATIE NI, Design Editor LAUREN CARROLL, University Editor ANNA KOELSCH, University Editor CAROLINE FAIRCHILD, Local & National Editor YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Local & National Editor ASHLEY MOONEY, Health & Science Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, Health & Science Editor TYLER SEUC, News Photography Editor CHRIS DALL, Sports Photography Editor ROSS GREEN, Recess Editor MATT BARNETT, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Recess Photography Editor SOPHIA PALENBERG, Online Photo Editor DREW STERNESKY, Editorial Page Managing Editor CHRISTINE CHEN, Wire Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Multimedia Editor MOLLY HIMMELSTEIN, Special Projects Editor for Video CHRISTINA PEÑA, Towerview Editor RACHNA REDDY, Towerview Editor NATHAN GLENCER, Towerview Photography Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Towerview Creative Director TAYLOR DOHERTY, Special Projects Editor CHRISTINA PEÑA, Special Projects Editor for Online LINDSEY RUPP, Senior Editor TONI WEI, Senior Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Recruitment Chair CHINMAYI SHARMA, Blog Editor MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at © 2010 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.


e all know Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s era for changing society still lives on at Duke today. legacy is inspiring. He took a stance Just yesterday on MLK Day, a large group of Duke against racial inequality and inspired students gathered for a commemorative sit-in in thousands to courageously and front of the Chapel and showed peacefully stand beside him, even that students today have the same in the face of violence. Dr. King’s fire for addressing global inequaliwords and works helped to establish ties as the students before us. the human rights movement and Under the surface of these meencouraged individuals to fight for morial demonstrations, however, we basic rights. He truly pioneered not find that many students actually are only human rights activism, but also taking action and fostering sustainsocial activism in general. change within the immediate Duke Partnership able Having acquired a Ph.D. in sysrealm of their organizations. Stufor Service tematic theology, Dr. King clearly dents exist who aren’t complacent placed a high value on education. about the status quo, but are fixthink globally, He also believed the power of eduated on transforming it. Just like our act locally cation to be similar to the power of student predecessors half a century potential energy. As Dr. King once ago, we’re not content with apathy— said, “education without social action is a one-sid- we want action. ed value because it has no true power potential.” Today we may not stage marches, barricade In order to instigate change, the pendulum of buildings or even get tear-gassed, but we do pitch education needs to drop and swing into motion. tents to occupy Duke and build houses to address Otherwise, time stands still. the local housing crisis (Habitat for Humanity). We A Duke education has great value. As Dr. King may not take over buildings to protest apartheid, points out, however, education without application but we have founded and maintained a school in lacks force. Duke has a rich history of student-led Kenya to address gender disparities in education social change, especially with regards to the civil and health (WISER). We may not hold demonstrarights movement during the late 1960s. In 1967, tions against racial and gender segregation, but the Afro-American Society staged a “study-in” in we do run programs to address the gender gap in order to prohibit the use of segregated facilities. science and math education (FEMMES). Social The students occupied the lobby and halls leading action is not a thing of the past; it is in our blood to University President Douglas M. Knight’s office. here at Duke. After three days, Knight eventually agreed to the The Chronicle Editorial Board recently urged students’ terms. In 1969, as many as 75 black stu- Duke to “dedicate ourselves to changing [truly dents occupied and barricaded the Allen Building, important campus issues] in a courageous and which they had temporarily renamed the Malcolm unselfish fashion.” We agree. The Duke PartnerX Liberation School. While inside the Allen Build- ship for Service will be running a weekly column ing, students negotiated with the administration “Think Globally, Act Locally,” where leaders of to an ultimately peaceful end, while the rambunc- 10 student organizations will address the global tious crowd gathered outside clashed with police, injustice their group is trying to tackle—be it acresulting in the use of tear gas against some Duke cess to healthcare, educational inequality or hustudents. After Dr. King’s death in 1968, a student- man rights—and provide a local call to action led vigil was held in front of the Duke Chapel, a for students to get involved on the ground right stirring demonstration that at times drew up to here, right now. In the past, Duke students have 1500 students. Remaining silent for days to com- stood up to address significant and far-reaching ismemorate the great loss of Dr. King, these students sues in order to shape and cultivate their society’s were a part of what is now one of the largest dem- landscape. Today, we can do the same by rallying onstrations in Duke’s history. Over 40 years ago, together. Duke students truly embodied the philosophy of Martin Luther King Jr. not only dreamed of Dr. King—their intelligence held power due to ac- a better world.... He fought for it. What kind of tion. world do you dream of? Some may reminisce longingly for the activist culture of the civil rights era and argue that Duke Lauren Brown and Nancy Yang are Trinity seniors students today lack a genuine drive for, and com- and members of Duke Partnership for Service (dPS). This mitment to, social activism. But we’d argue that’s column is the first installment in a semester-long series of simply not true. The spirit of Dr. Martin Luther weekly columns written by dPS members addressing civic King Jr. and the vigor and passion of the civil rights service and engagement at Duke.


lettertotheeditor Get rid of Cameron’s noise meter At the start of the second half of Thursday’s basketball game against Virginia, a noise meter appeared on the scoreboard. It generated some half-hearted cheers from the crowd. Only four minutes later, however, UVA was forced to call a timeout during some real noise. It was that level of noise that gives you goose bumps and slightly disorients you, and it wasn’t in an attempt to break some fake noise meter. Our new video scoreboard in Cameron is great, and it’s been used to do some pretty cool things. I’ve also seen it used for cheap gimmicks, which has surprised me. Can you really say a Kiss Cam belongs in Cameron? It belongs at a baseball game right before the sausage race around the outfield. These activities

are used to keep fans from getting bored between innings. Boredom is never a problem I’ve had at Cameron, but I understand that many enjoy diversions between play. I think it’s good that most of what we do during timeouts keeps the crowd flowing with the momentum of the game. I hope that we can all agree that using a video board to generate noise, however, is dangerous territory. Cameron is famous for its noise. We don’t need anything on an electronic screen to make it happen. We’ll let our friends at the Dean Dome play with the scoreboard noise meters, since they probably think they are actually making the meter go up. Tommy Saunders, Trinity ’12

Obesity pandemics


TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012| 15


besity is one of the most significant challenges problem in our metaphysical world is much more danthat humanity faces today, especially in the de- gerous, destructive and ugly than the obesity problem in veloped world. Here is a quote from the World our physical world. In almost the same patterns, through Health Organization’s website: “At the strikingly similar means, humanity increasother end of the malnutrition scale, obeingly has become obese, therefore increassity is one of today’s most blatantly visiingly unhealthy and dysfunctional in its ble—yet most neglected—public health metaphysical world. problems. Paradoxically coexisting with The causes, tragic ramifications and somalnutrition, an escalating global epidemlutions of this other type of obesity are very ic of overweight and obesity—‘globesity’— similar. Humans increasingly and systemiis taking over many parts of the world. If cally feed their souls, their psychological immediate action is not taken, millions abdullah antepli and spiritual worlds, with unhealthy and will suffer from an array of serious health harmful things. I am always amazed how blue devil imam disorders.” All responsible governmental anyone sitting in front of a TV or a comand non-governmental health organizaputer for hours for many days of their tions have been sounding the alarm with a great sense of lives—letting exceedingly refined and processed inforurgency as loud as they can about obesity as the United mation into their minds and hearts, without filtering it— States’ number one cause of preventable death. can think that they will have a healthy soul or a sound The very complex and diverse causes of obesity can thinking and judgment system as a result of such a lifebe put into two main categories. First, the significant style. How different is that person from someone who changes in our food culture in recent decades and, sec- never moves and constantly eats trashy, unhealthy food? ond, the way we live our lives in the modern world, with What we put into our stomachs and what we put into our much less activity and movement than before. In the minds and hearts have critical consequences. I believe first category, humanity increasingly and systemically we often at least know, and pay some attention to, the eats more irresponsibly and unhealthily. What we eat former category, but much less to the latter one. The way and how we eat are very often unwise, counterproduc- we feed ourselves and how active we keep our bodies will tive, harmful and mostly driven by corporate greed and determine the future of our physical health. The sources commercial craziness. In addition, sedentary lifestyle of information that we choose and the kinds of things has become the norm for so many of us. We move a lot that we put into our hearts and minds will determine less than our ancestors did. We have invented so many the health of our metaphysical world. With a great sense toys, gadgets and machines that do even the simplest of responsibility we have to attend to the deteriorating things for us. The demand for physical energy in our health conditions of humanity in both the physical and personal and professional lives has declined signifi- metaphysical realms. cantly. As a result, humanity pays a huge price and the Additionally, this problem of physical and metaphysiobesity monster threatens our physical health in many cal obesity is not only a dire health problem. It is a moral horrific ways. More than half a billion people, many of and ethical problem as well. Many of the core teachings whom live here in the U.S., already suffer tragic obesi- of the world’s religions care deeply about both of these ty-related health problems and millions more join this types of health. In the face of the mountainous chalgroup every year. lenges that these two main kinds of obesity present, we The solution is simple, but simultaneously profoundly will have to redefine and once again re-crystalize those difficult to achieve. It is very easy to say but almost impos- teachings in a more relevant way in order to empower sible to actually do: We have to change the way we live humanity at large against becoming physically and metaour lives. Humanity at large has to take the nearest exit physically unhealthy and dysfunctional. and start driving in the opposite direction as fast as posI wonder how many of us, after looking into a mirror sible in terms of how we eat, how our food industry works and examining our physical images, also reflect on the and how we spend each day’s 24 hours. images our souls would present? How many of us think Most of what I said so far is repeating the known. I and care about how in shape, how beautiful and how think what is less know and less discussed is another type healthy that metaphysical image might be? I hope and of obesity that threatens and destroys other, possibly pray that we will have the kind of determination that we more important, aspects of our lives. I wish God could need to change our lifestyles to make both of those imhave given Steve Jobs another 30 or 40 years to live. I ages what they are meant to be. was convinced that he eventually was going to invent an app that would take pictures of our souls, our psychologiAbdullah Antepli is Duke’s Muslim Chaplain and an adcal and spiritual worlds. We then could see the obesity junct faculty of Islamic Studies.

Rethinking colorblindness


n elementary school, I learned that Martin Luther King, Jr. Day commemorates the momentous achievement of racial equality in the United States. Throughout those years, my white teachers in my mostly white classrooms told me that the world I lived in was a colorblind “melting pot.” I didn’t grow up oblivious to racial stereotypes or unaware that the small groups of black, Asian amanda garfinkel and Indian students at a closer look my high school tended to cluster together in the cafeteria. But because I saw people of all races in my classes and my activities, I really believed we were all exposed to the same privileges and opportunities. It wasn’t until I came to college that I realized how little I understood about the meaning of race and the reality of racism. I noticed how the topic would capture campus-wide attention in sporadic bursts— a party invitation, a discussion of the house model’s inclusion of cultural living groups, a debate on admitted-student weekends for minority applicants—but it was difficult for me to identify with the topic of race on a personal level. As a white American, I’m used to being in settings where I am part of a racial majority. I’ve never been told that I chose pre-med because of my race, never been told I “self-segregate” because the majority of my friends share my skin color, never been told my sorority is somehow less meaningful because of its cultural origins. And it wasn’t until coming here that I recognized that this, in itself, is an unequal and uncomfortable privilege of being white. I never have to face the kinds of racial judgments that friends of mine, by their own personal accounts, encounter on a regular basis. When I make the claim that racism is dead because we study the history of the civil rights movement in elementary school, or because we elected a black president, I’m glossing over real and harmful experiences of other students on this campus. When I say I’m “colorblind,” I’m really just blinding myself to realities that I don’t experience because I’m not a person of color. Acknowledging the privilege that comes with my skin color is far from comfortable. I’m tense as I’m writing this article and tripping over my words to say what I think without becoming offensive or disrespectful. I know how easy it could be to brush racism aside as an issue that doesn’t affect me, to call it an unchangeable fact of life, to write a column today about my winter break and just avoid this touchy subject of race. But I am so grateful for all of the people at Duke who challenge me to do better than that—who remind me that, often times, being open-minded requires being uncomfortable. I have a ton of questions about race and an overwhelming amount that I don’t understand, but in hearing out my peers’ personal experiences of race and racism, I try to view this campus and this world through lenses that are not just my own. When I learned about cultural group houses in the house model, my first reaction was to label them as a form of “self-segregation;” after listening to some friends involved in these groups, I came to really support the idea. When I first heard about a Thanksgiving-themed party, I had no second thoughts, but hearing out people who were upset pushed me to consider the cultural norms of the holiday in an entirely new light. In issues of race and identity on this campus, I hear a lot of people say that we’re overreacting, or just giving Duke more material for a bad public reputation. I take a different stance—I’m glad that we have students here who are willing to speak up and problematize issues that exist well beyond Duke, instead of just sweeping them under the rug. I am proud to go to a school where the articles I read, the conversations I take part in and the personal experiences I become aware of, inspire me to graduate from Duke as a more intelligent, critical and opinionated individual than I was when I came here. Amanda Garfinkel is a Trinity junior. Her column runs every other Tuesday.

16 | TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 2012


SCRABBLE from page 3 A total of 10 volunteers worked over the course of the three days to ensure that the event ran smoothly. The money from the tournament went to the PBMT Family Support Program, which funds activities for the patients, support services for caregivers and financial support for families who need help with the financial burden the treatment imposes, said Mofield, who has been working with the program since 2008. In lieu of typical cash prizes, donated items were given to the winners. These included custom Scrabble sets, timers and balls signed by Duke men’s basketball head coach Mike Krzyzewski and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill’s men’s basketball head coach Roy Williams. Players also received prizes if they had particularly high-scoring moves or game totals. In the spirit of having fun with the event, Klionsky also awarded prizes to the players who used three of the four letters from

PBMT in the same word for a high-scoring play. “Scrabble players never play for big money,” Klionsky said. “The money they win is just to finance their love of the game.” The tournament itself, which was divided into three divisions of players based on their NASPA rating, consisted of eight games that took place Saturday and Sunday and the final four Monday morning. Erickson Smith, who was ranked seventh among the 10 players in the top division, won with a 15-5 record and a +1562 margin. He scored a remarkable 510 points in the final game, using all seven of his letters—or as Scrabble players refer to it, “bingo-ing”—twice, playing the words “equalizes” and “vintner,” the latter of which was on a triple-word score. Susan Bertoni won in the middle division, defeating Marilyn Pomeroy in the final game while John Price won all 20 of his games in the bottom division. Amalan Iyengar competed in the bottom division as well, with a 9-11 record. Amalan, now in the seventh grade at Smith Middle School in Chapel Hill, is just one of many students who

Klionsky has taught to play Scrabble at Seawell. Klionsky quizzes his fourth and fifth grade students on the two and three letter words, which are critical to success for a tournament Scrabble player, he said. “We’ve gone to the [National School Scrabble Championship] for the last eight years,” Klionsky said. “I also run the State School Scrabble Championships, [where] we invite schools from all over the state.” Beyond the main competition, 21 different people competed in an unrated, three-game event Sunday for tournament novices. The organizers, who plan on hosting the event again next year, tried to involve more people with the cause, which brings together charity and an enjoyable weekend. “That’s the good part—having fun and raising funds,” Sumanthi Iyengar said.

Bored? Visit www. BRAZILE from page 4

A 2012 Terry Sanford Distinguished Lecture

DECISION TIME BOWLES, SIMPSON & THE FEDERAL BUDGET What’s Next For Fiscal Reform in Dysfunctional D.C.?

Erskine Bowles, former White House Chief of Staff and President of the UNC system, and Alan Simpson, former U.S. Senator from Wyoming, co-chaired the bipartisan National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform. Philip Bennett, Sanford School Professor and Managing Editor of the PBS show “Frontline,” moderates the dialogue.

Wednesday, Jan. 18 5:30-7:00 pm Page Auditorium Duke University Free and open to the public

to present a government-issued form of identification placed unfair burdens on certain groups, like blacks, the elderly and lower-income citizens. “To me, the right to vote is the most important of all of our rights. It is, what many have said, the lifeblood of our democracy,” she noted. “I’m now on my own campaign to ensure that the right to vote is not taken away from ordinary people ever again.” The North Carolina General Assembly passed a voter ID law in June, but it was vetoed by Gov. Bev Perdue. Other states, including South Carolina, have faced challenges from the Justice Department over the constitutionality of such laws. “Under the guise of fighting a non-existent enemy, scores and scores and scores of people are going to lose their right to vote,” Brazile said. “We should demand the ballot because an election where 21 million eligible citizens cannot vote is an election that undermines democracy.” Floyd Wilks Jr., a sophomore and member of Duke’s Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, said that he did not believe that voter ID laws were written to deny groups the right to vote. Brazile said she would refrain from political discussion, given that her speech was held in Duke Chapel. She did, however, indirectly reference the North Carolina Same-Sex Marriage Amendment, a proposed amendment that defines marriage as between one man and one woman. “Let us leave here determined to work for civil and human rights,” Brazile said. “Let us leave here determined to defeat any amendment put on the ballot, even in North Carolina, that will divide us and distract us. Let us not legislate hate into law. Even if it’s popular, don’t buy it.” Brazile reaffirmed the importance of King’s ideals and urged students to act to continue his cause. “I cannot help but feel that this is the perfect season to have an extended observance of Dr. King’s ideals,” she said. “We cannot be inspired by his dream without taking action to make it a reality.” Wilks said he believes King was responsible for providing blacks with the rights they now enjoy. “I just think he’s very important for society,” Wilks said. “Without him, many of the rights that we as African-Americans have wouldn’t be possible.” President Richard Brodhead, who spoke before Brazile, recounted Duke’s own history of segregation. He said that the University will soon be celebrating 50 years of admitting black students. Brodhead argued, however, that segregation was not successful. He noted that one of the main architects of Duke’s campus, Julian Abele, was black. Nana Asante, president of Duke’s Black Student Alliance, also spoke at the event, called upon students to act to honor Dr. King’s legacy. “We cannot—the students, the community, the institution, most importantly—act through indifference, and we definitely cannot honor through passivity,” Asante said.

Part of the Sanford School of Public Policy series, “Gridlock: Can our System Address America’s Biggest Problems? Parking available in the Bryan Center Deck (PG4) E-mail: (919) 613-7312

It’s coming Jan. 30.

Jan. 17, 2011 issue  
Jan. 17, 2011 issue  

January 17, 2011 issue of The Chronicle