T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 72
Students flounder at Div School
Wells to leave Duke in 2012
Not quite lollapalooza
by Lauren Carroll
by Anna Koelsch
At the Divinity School, some students are having trouble balancing “eruditio et religio.” The pillars of the University’s motto—knowledge and faith—are currently at odds within the Divinity School, as academic stress and a lack of school community have made it difficult to maintain spiritual health, students said. Master of divinity candidates, many of whom become pastors, said their spiritual development is being neglected, though the Divinity School administration has said it is working to accommodate the needs of all of its students. Although the academic stress felt by other pre-professional students at Duke is similar, the master of divinity candidates said that those studying to be ministers have an added burden of grappling with their faith on a daily basis. “We are here because we want academic rigor, and that’s something Duke provides,” said Lisa Talbott, a second-year master of divinity candidate. “But I didn’t expect my strong academic background to come at the expense of my spiritual life.” Master of divinity candidates account for more than half of the Divinity School’s student body. Duke Divinity School graduates go on to be great ministers, but their personal lives are unhealthy because of damaging habits learned while in school, said Tyler Mahoney, a third-year master of divinity candidate. “They’re creating a culture of workaholics,
After seven years of service at Duke, Dean of the Chapel Sam Wells will leave July 2012 to become vicar of the Anglican church St. Martin-inthe-Fields, a prominent parish in Trafalgar Square in the heart of London. Wells is noted for working to bridge the Duke-Durham divide and promoting religious diversity on campus. Sam Wells As a research professor of Christian ethics in the Divinity School, Wells is a prominent faculty member and has taught a popular undergraduate course, PUBPOL 195: “Ethics in an Unjust World.” Wells’ presence has brought an intellectual dimension to the role of Chapel dean, Wells’ colleagues said. “It’s been important to me to bring conversations about faith, intellect and social good into the different schools of the University and the wider community,” Wells said. “Many of my most significant moments here were not events but conversations.” Wells will move back to his homeland of England along with his wife, Jo Bailey Wells, director of Anglican studies and associate professor of the practice of Christian ministry and Bible at the Divinity School. The news of Wells’ departure was announced by the Uni-
ELYSIA SU/THE CHRONICLE
The Jewish Student Union celebrates Hanukkah by holding Latkapalooza and giving out free T-shirts and latkes in the Armadillo Grill.
SEE DIVINITY SCHOOL ON PAGE 6
SEE WELLS ON PAGE 7
University establishes Wright Fellowship for female scientists
TYLER SEUC/THE CHRONICLE
Divinity students gather for the second in a series of dinners organized to foster community.
Blue Devils continuing old tradition, Page 9
The University has established a fellowship program to honor former Dean of the Graduate School Jo Rae Wright. The Jo Rae Wright Fellowship for Outstanding Women in Science will offer two fellowships annually, recognizing one Ph.D. female student in biomedical sciences and one in the natural sciences, whose research shows particular creativity and Jo Rae Wright promise. The Graduate School will select recipients beginning with the next academic year, according to a news release Thursday. “We hope these awards will encourage women to pursue research careers in fields that show promise for translational appli-
cations,” Provost Peter Lange said in the release. “It’s an appropriate way for us to honor our wonderful friend and colleague, whose own research shed light on cellular systems in the human lung and whose work as dean enhanced the lives of so many students and enabled so much research throughout the University.” Wright, professor of cell biology, medicine and pediatrics, served as dean of the Graduate School for more than five years before stepping down Oct. 21, citing her ongoing battle with breast cancer in her decision. The Chronicle previously reported that Wright returned full time to her faculty position as a professor in the department of cell biology, where she also manages a research laboratory. “[Wright is] a role model and mentor for people across the University, provid-
“This is generally the point where all Duke students become reclusive library dwellers who drown in a sea of junk food care packages.” —Leilani Doktor in “Twelve days of finals.” See column page 14
ing a powerful example for both women and men of how to be productive at the highest levels of science while enriching your community and enhancing the lives of those around you,” Dr. Nancy Andrews, dean of the School of Medicine and vice chancellor for academic affairs said in the release. As dean, Wright noted that her goals included actively engaging alumni by establishing a board of visitors, improving financial support for students and providing guidance for students in career and professional development. Wright hopes the new dean will share some of these priorities. David Bell, senior associate dean of the Graduate School, is serving as interim dean while the University searches for a permanent successor. —from Staff Reports
Blue Devils drop road game at Kentucky, Page 9
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Super PACs foreshadow expensive campaigns
Millions of dollars in political advertising from independent groups supporting the Republican presidential candidates are adding another element of unpredictability to an already topsy-turvy nomination contest. A group backing Mitt Romney, known as Restore Our Future, Thursday launched a $3.1 million advertising campaign that will run in Iowa over the next three weeks. Earlier this week, Make Us Great Again, a group supporting Texas Gov. Rick Perry, reported spending $577,000. The spending underscores the rapid rise of “super PACs” and their prominence in the 2012 campaign: The $1 million spent so far by independent groups in the GOP primary is four times greater than it was at this point in 2008, according to ad tracking data from Kantar Media. But all of that independent spending also can mean that voters are getting hit with a lot of different, and sometimes confusing, messages.
Career Center Drop-Ins Marketplace, 12-2p.m. Career Center counselors will give information regarding resumes, internship plans, networking and choosing majors.
DukeEngage Info Session Physics 130, 3-3:45p.m. This session will offer an overview of the 11 DukeEngage Summer 2012 Group Domestic Programs as well as the application process.
Texas governor exits debate Red Cross suspends efforts to be moderated by Trump to care for Syrian detainees Texas Gov. Rick Perry is the latest presidential hopeful to bow out of a debate among Republican candidates to be moderated by real-estate mogul and reality-TV star Donald Trump. The Dec. 27 forum is being hosted by the conservative website Newsmax.
WASHINGTON, D.C. — The International Committee of the Red Cross has suspended efforts to monitor treatment of detainees inside Syria because of difficulties working with the regime, ending one of the few independent efforts to investigate allegations of violence and torture inside the country.
Corporeal Imaginations of China Colloquium Perkins Library Breedlove Room, 4-6p.m. Organized by the Triangle China Forum, professors from various universities will speak about body, mesmerism and art from late imperial to contemporary China.
Wet Ink Ensemble in Concert East Duke 201, 8-10p.m. “Encounters: with the music of our time” presents repertoire by the New York-based Wet Ink Ensemble for electronics, voice, saxophones, percussion and keyboards for free.
TODAY IN HISTORY
The time to relax is when you don’t have time for it. — Sydney J. Harris
1921: GM engineers discover that leaded gas reduces “knock” in auto engines.
“Last week people wondered if Duke could contain the frontcourt of Ohio State, namely star forward Jared Sullinger. Only one week later, it is apparent that the Blue Devils’ problems extended to an area in which they generally succeed: three-point shooting.” — From The Blue Zone bluezone.dukechronicle.com
Constitution Day Northern Marianas
Independence Day Tanzania
PHILIP KENNICOTT/THE WASHINGTON POST
Willem de Kooning’s “Orestes,” 1947, is part of the de Kooning show at New York’s Museum of Modern Art. This painting made a powerful argument that he was an artist of greater depth and variety than people remember. De Kooning was a Dutch-American abstract expressionist artist born in Rotterdam.
International Anti-Corruption Day International
Anna’s Day Sweden
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011 | 3
Civitas report measures ideologies in NC legislature by Jack Mercola THE CHRONICLE
Santa is not the only one making lists this year. A right-leaning advocacy group ranked North Carolina General Assembly members according to their ideology in a recent report. The report, released last month, determined that the state legislature has become more conservative than in recent years. This is not surprising given that the General Assembly is Republican-controlled for the first time in more than a century. The Civitas Action Conservative Effectiveness Scores and Rankings rated legislators on an ideological scale from liberal to conservative. Although conservatives maintain that the report is a fair assessment, some legislators contest the validity of the report, which was compiled by Civitas Action, a conservative, nonprofit political advocacy group. “The scale gives voters a chance to look at their legislators on an ideological spectrum and see if they repAverage % of conservatives’ resent them,” belief in N.C. State Senate said Francis De Luca, president of Civitas Action. “It is valuable to both conservaAverage % of conservatives’ tives and liberbelief in N.C. House
BYTHENUMBERS 2011 rankings
als because it shows a comparative scale. It’s very transparent, and it’s a quick way of looking at a broad range of votes.” The report gives legislators a rating from zero to 100, with zero indicating the most liberal and 100 indicating the most conservative. The report then gives legislators a corresponding letter grade, ranging from “A+” for the most conservative to “F” for the most liberal. The rankings are determined by the way each member votes on issues that span three general categories: economic and budgetary, social and cultural and crime and justice. The state House of Representatives jumped from a rating of 31.5 percent on average in 2010 to 63.4 percent this year, and the Senate saw an increase from 26.5 percent to 75.7 percent. Percentage scores ranged from 10.9 percent by Democratic Rep. Earline Parmon to 100 percent by Republican Sen. Harris Blake. De Luca said he was pleased that all Republicans in the House and Senate received high marks, which indicates a conservative voting trend. “We are happy to see all the passing grades this year and hope to see even better grades next year,” De Luca added. Despite Civitas Action’s claim to be universal, Democratic Rep. Paul Luebke said the report primarily interests voters who already have a vested interest in conservative politics. “For that small group of conservatives who are paying close attention to the SEE GRADES ON PAGE 8
ARTS AND SCIENCES COUNCIL
Council deliberates on QS requirement changes by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE
Despite plans to vote, the Arts and Sciences Council is still undecided in making changes to the Quantitative Studies requirement. Members of the Arts and Sciences Council tabled a proposal that suggests amending the Quantitative Studies requirement Thursday evening, deciding that QS Requirement Review Committee should amend the proposal in time for council’s January meeting. The proposal would mandate that students in Trinity College
JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE
Members of the Arts and Sciences Council discuss potential changes to students’ QS requirement.
of Arts & Sciences fulfill one of their two QS credits through a course offered by a QS department—either the mathematics, statistics or computer science department. The current model allows students to take both of their QS courses in any academic department. This proposal is the first attempt to re-evaluate the Trinity requirements’ Areas of Knowledge since the adoption of Curriculum 2000. “The proposal provides a delicate balance between creation of new classes across disciplines while not losing the fundamental definition of what an Area of Knowledge is,” said Jack Bookman, QS Requirement Review Committee chair and associate professor of the practice of mathematics. Departments such as sociology and political science have historically offered classes with QS classifications, making it conceivable for students to avoid quantitate studies departments such as mathematics, statistics or computer science in completing the QS requirement. Several members said they questioned the necessity of this policy’s reform. Students’ avoidance the three QS departments is not currently a problem, said Emily Klein, senior associate dean at the Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences and professor of geology and director of undergraduate studies in earth and ocean sciences. According to the QS Requirement Review Committee SEE COUNCIL ON PAGE 5
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Former Clinton admin discusses US-India relations by Yueran Zhang THE CHRONICLE
The United States needs to put more emphasis on economic engagement in order to enhance its relationship with India, a former Clinton administration official said. Raymond Vickery, Trinity ’64 and assistant secretary of commerce during the Clinton administration, told students and faculty in a lecture Thursday that though U.S. politicians and diplomats tend to focus on military and political relationships with India, economic undertakings are the most effective facilitators of increased interaction between the two nations. “There is a bias in favor of political affairs, which overshadows anything else,” Vickery said. “Now it’s time to shift attention to economic engagement. Trade and investment cannot directly better the international relationship, but they are the engine for countries to cooperate strategically.” Vickery has 55 years of experience as a diplomat interacting with India, working on issues that range from civil nuclear facilities, environmental protection, film
TYLER SEUC/THE CHRONICLE
Raymond Vickery discusses the relationship between the United States and India in a speech Thursday.
privacy to medical care. His diverse experiences have made Vickery aware of the centrality of economic endeavors with regard to an improved relationship with India. “Our strategy should be centered at economic engagement,” he said. “If not, we would lose the primary driver of cooperation [with India].” Anirudh Krishna, professor of public policy and political science and associate dean for international academic programs, introduced Vickery in the Sanford School of Public Policy and described him as a thoughtful yet optimistic expert on the U.S.-India relationship. Krishna said Vickery’s rich experience made his arguments especially valuable. “With his insider knowledge, long-standing engagement and intimacy with key players, he will inform us about significant emerging trends and opportunities.” Krishna wrote in an email preceding the lecture. Vickery suggested that economic engagement between the U.S. and India include more than just trade and investment occurring at more than the government level. Instead, ties unfolded in all economic sectors. Historically, trade interactions have been improving between the U.S. and India, Vickery said, noting that the phenomenon has resulted in the United States’ technological aid toward India, with India providing manufactured goods for sale in the U.S. This type of reciprocal economy is a significant outgrowth of improved diplomatic relations, especially after the Indian economic crisis in 1991 when America and India turned from “estranged to cooperative” toward each other. Since then, India has become an active participant in the global economy. The developing nation was one of the 135 founding members of the World Trade Organization and has launched initiatives to promote the economic relationship between it and the U.S. India has also emerged as a burgeoning market for America, which has improved diplomatic relations. Junior Gautam Joseph, who was in attendance Thursday, agreed that economic engagement has become an important consideration for the U.S.-India relationship. “It is the economic engagement that has been pushing [the US-India relationship] forward,” Joesph said. Another change in the United States’ strategy with India is in its nuclear cooperation. India was once one of the most active countries in expanding the nuclear weapon scheme. Vickery said that this is due to the deficit of trust between India and the western world. “What happened was that the Bush administration first endorsed cooperation in high technology among various segments including many private enterprises,” Vickery said. “Based on that, there was strategic partnership.” Strategic partnership in nuclear corporate relations
peaked with the U.S.-India Civic Nuclear Agreement signed in 2005, he said. The economic collaboration that was fostered by the Bush administration has also left a profound global legacy, Vickery noted. “The Indian people have a better view of the U.S. than any other country in the world,” he said. “The Bush administration was twice as popular in India as in [the U.S.].” Vickery also noted that although economics is one of the key factors of this transnational relationship, economic engagement is not the whole answer to effective diplomatic relations. “The message is that you’d better look at economic engagements and other aspects as in the same system,” Vickery said. “An integrated approach should be developed.” John Boler, Fuqua ’00, said he found that Vickery’s argument not only fits the model of the U.S.-India relationship but can also be extended to explain relationships with other countries. “It is always necessary to note the significant role that economic engagement plays when dealing with international relationships,” Boler said. “There is definitely an analog between India and other booming economies such as China.”
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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011 | 5
Virginia Tech officer slain, gunman dead by Daniel de Vise THE WASHINGTON POST
A routine traffic stop at Virginia Tech turned violent Thursday, leaving a police officer and his assailant dead and the campus on lockdown, a scenario reminiscent of the 2007 massacre that claimed 33 lives and redefined how universities respond to emergencies. The mayhem began about 12:15 p.m., when a Virginia Tech patrol officer stopped a driver at the university’s coliseum parking lot. Someone, not the person who was pulled over, walked up to the officer and shot him. The shooter then ran. The officer’s body was found in a sprawling parking lot near the Virginia Tech stadium. The gunman’s body, along with a weapon, were found in another parking lot nearby, law enforcement and government officials said. Authorities say they think he killed himself as police closed in. They would not say whether he was a student. “Today, tragedy again struck Virginia Tech,” said Charles Steger, president of Virginia Tech. “I can only say that words don’t describe our feelings, and they’re most elusive at this point in time.” As the incident unfolded and state troopers fanned across the campus with automatic weapons, thoughts across Virginia Tech immediately turned to April 2007, when the deadliest college shooting in U.S. history occurred. But, similar as events seemed, the university’s response was far different. Virginia Tech immediately went on lockdown, from the first alert at 12:36 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Students and faculty huddled behind locked doors so that if a gunman were loose, he couldn’t get into campus buildings. The episode provided the first real test of Virginia Tech’s vaunted emergency response system, created after the mass shooting by Seung Hui Cho, a disturbed English major from Fairfax County, Va. University officials devised the system after intense criticism from victims’ families and independent investigators that they did not react quickly enough in 2007. Thursday’s response, a barrage of text messages, emails, phone calls, classroom alerts and audible sirens across the 30,000-student campus, was nearly flawless, according to students and staff members. The first report of shots fired came
at 12:36, minutes after the shooting, and advised of gunshots at the school’s coliseum parking lot, in a southern section of campus devoted to athletics. It told the community: “Stay inside. Secure doors.” Alerts then came throughout the day. The second, at 12:47 p.m., described a suspect as “white male, gray sweat pants, gray hat w/neon green brim, maroon hoodie and backpack” and said he was heading “on foot towards McComas,” a facility housing health and counseling services. A third, at 1:11 p.m., said an officer had been shot. And so it went until the last alert, at 4:31 p.m., advising, “Resume normal activities.” “The way the university staff is handling this... has been very comforting,” senior Matt Banfield said. He was stranded, along with hundreds of fellow Hokies, inside the Squires Student Center for much of the afternoon. The students responded with a distinct calm, he said, tapping on iPhones and gathering information from television sets, the Internet and social networks such as Twitter and Facebook. University staff members handed out bottled water. Jermaine Holmes, director of academic support services for student athletes, sat in his office across from the coliseum parking lot and watched officers gather around the crime scene. “The facilities folks locked down the building immediately,” he said, speaking in the first minutes of the lockdown. “We’re not allowing any students or staff to leave.” Freshman Matthew Spencer was walking toward a campus bus stop about 12:30 p.m. when he saw police and paramedics running toward the fallen officer. Then he got the alert from the university to get indoors. A short while later, “at least 15 police and undercover cars took off” toward where the second body was found. Much of the campus was empty Thursday, save for the Newman Library. It was a reading day in preparation for final exams. Friday’s exams were postponed because of the incident. Inside the library, students were warned to stay clear of the windows. The circumstances of this shooting bore no real comparison to Cho’s SEE VA. TECH ON PAGE 8
COUNCIL from page 3 Report April 27, just 4.1 to 4.8 percent of the Class of 2011 had not met the QS requirements without having taken courses in at least one of the three disciplines. Some faculty members said they were concerned about the restriction to specific departments. J. Lorand Matory, director of the Center for African and African American Research and Lawrence Richardson, professor of cultural anthropology, said that endorsing this proposal would set a precedent of establishing specific departments as most capable of teaching certain skills or concepts. “It’s contradictory for a university so set on being interdisciplinary and liberal to designate one or two departments as being uniquely qualified,” Matory said. Others said they were concerned that the learning objectives—set down by the QS Requirement Review Committee— would still not be met with the new proposal. Daniel Scheirer, associate dean of Trinity College and director of the Office of Health Professions Advising, noted that the proposal does not address a mechanism to guarantee that the two courses cover all of the objectives of the QS requirement. Supporters of the proposal argued that it does provide guidelines to ensure that students receive baseline education in quantitative thinking. Clark Bray, assistant professor of the practice of mathematics, added that revamping the current QS requirement is in line with providing an interdisciplinary education in offering students who are not natural science majors—and would most likely not take classes from the mathematical and science departments—the opportunity to broaden their study of interest.
“For the most part, students’ general level of QS comprehension is not at the level that it should be,” said Steffen Bass, associate professor of physics. “The proposal on the table is probably the best path for students to get a interdisciplinary education, which is at the core of Duke’s beliefs.” Council Chair Ruth Day, associate professor of psychology, suggested a full curriculum review to the council, adding that the council’s executive committee recommends that the council examine other Trinity requirements and codes at future meetings. “This re-evaluation of the Quantitative Studies is helpful in perhaps showing [the council] how to assess the other codes and examine how students are responding to and fulfilling those requirements,” Day noted. In other business: The council unanimously approved a new major in the Department of Romance Studies. The major allows students to combine two romance languages into one major. Possible combinations include a French and Italian studies, French and Spanish studies or Italian and Spanish studies major. Requirements for the major include five major-level courses in each of the two languages, in addition to two international or experiential learning experiences related to students’ fields of Romance study. “The particular strengths [of this new major] are that it not only fosters advanced proficiency in two languages but [that it] is also necessary in a world in which plurilingualism is becoming a norm,” said Ingeborg Walther, associate dean of Trinity College and director of the Office of Curriculum and Course Development.
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DIVINITY SCHOOL from page 1 which will result in pastoral burnout,” Mahoney said. Mahoney and several other students conducted an informal survey regarding student life at the Divinity School, which garnered around 80 respondents. Although several responses to the question—“What changes would most improve the Divinity School?”— indicated that students were pleased with the school overall, about 40 students said there were several ways the community could improve. Students mentioned a need for more interaction between different age groups and degree programs, administrator and faculty visibility, clubs, social space and a stronger support system. Some respondents in the anonymous survey noted that preparation for leading a parish is being compromised by academic excellence. “It’s not enough to just quietly mention [Counseling and Psychological Services] at the beginning of the year and hope people will go,” wrote one respondent in the survey. “We need legitimate resources for coping with this new environment.... In fact, make a pastoral care counseling course a mandatory part of our paradigm. It’s an area that’s sorely lacking at Duke.” Adrian Mack, a master of Christian theory candidate, said he feels a close connection with his classmates and his professors due to his smaller seminar courses—a courseload that contrasts most master of divinity courses that are in a large, lecture-style setting. Mack, who is studying not to be a pastor but to be a professor, said, however, that his workload has similarly challenged his faith. “That’s one of the things I find myself talking to my peers about outside the classroom,”
Mack said. Scott Himel, a third-year master in divinity candidate and co-president of the Divinity Student Council, said he has learned to manage academic stress, but noted that it required coming to terms with his personal spiritual formation. “What you’re studying is always intermixed with your own life and your own soul,” Himel said. “Those by their very nature are very concerning tasks that can tear you apart, frankly…. It’s hard when you come home from the Div[inity] School to set those aside, and when you wake up in the morning, they’re still forming you.” A need for connection Divinity School Dean Richard Hays said there are many opportunities for students to reach out to faculty members and administrators, through the school’s programming, chaplains and spiritual advisers. “I’ve been involved in theological education for 35 years,” Hays said. “This is a pretty common refrain that students hope for divinity school to be their church and almost their family.” The Divinity School has weekly spiritual formation groups led by certified spiritual guides—required for first years and recommended for others—but Talbott believes this is not enough. She said her professors and Divinity School administrators are not enough of a presence on campus. Her professors, many of whom are ordained, act as pastors once a student reaches a time of crisis in their academic, spiritual or personal lives, but many faculty members are not part of students’ lives until they reach that breaking point. In the survey, some students indicated that they felt supported by fellow students but not by the staff or the administration. Many also said
they have to make a significant effort in order to develop a relationship with their professors. “If I had a better relationship with my professors, I wouldn’t break down,” Talbott said. “Unlike other subjects that challenge you academically, [theology] challenges you spiritually, as well.... You start to get on shaky ground, and there’s no guidance on how to navigate through those waters.” Talbott noted that professors need to also act as pastors in order for students to be successful in their careers. Talbott said that by hiding in their offices, being absent from worship services and not actively seeking to be part of students’ lives, her professors are not setting a good example. Ellen Davis, Amos Ragan Kearns distinguished professor of biblical and practical theology, said it is normal for theology professors not to be involved with students in small group settings, especially at an institution like Duke where faculty members are often research-oriented. Davis previously taught at a small residential seminary where small groups of students and professors often gathered for meals and prayers. Even though this does not take place as often at Duke, she believes students have plenty of outlets to explore their faith with others. “Ninety percent of the outreach I offer to students is in the classroom—I don’t apologize for that,” Davis said, adding that her office hours are almost always full, though it is rare that students come to her with personal problems. She noted that field education opportunities give students a chance to practice ministry firsthand. It is impossible for any school to fully prepare someone for this profession because the spiritual tension students are feeling now will continue throughout their careers, she added.
Moving forward This problem of community spirit has been prevalent for several years, Mahoney said. Some of his peers have expressed their concerns to administrators in the past but have not seen significant action in response. “You can have all good people and still have a toxic work environment... when students aren’t able to communicate and interact in effective ways,” Mahoney said. Even among students, it is difficult to build significant relationships when there is not a residential community, Mahoney noted. The Divinity School’s student seating area—a lounge of pews and couches in the Gray Building established two years ago—is a step in the right direction, though students still partly led that effort. Recently, many students on their own initiative have come together to build up their community, now with administrative support. The Divinity Student Council has drafted a series of initiatives to improve the school’s environment and reduce students’ stress, including a mentoring program, a notes-sharing system, ministry workshops and community dinners— the second of which took place Tuesday. “The administration is aware of this problem—it is not going over their heads,” Himel said. “These dinners have no other purpose other than to allow students to come together and break bread and create new friendships.” Director of Student Life Donna Banks, Divinity ’06, said her office is actively working with students to combat the multifaceted stress that comes along with a theological education. She added that the office encourages students to attend worship services on a regular basis and observe the Sabbath in order to maintain their well-being. “We are compassionate to students that are dealing with these concerns,” Banks said. “It’s not just about school, it’s about God.”
Under the mistletoe
JULIA MAY/THE CHRONICLE
Rhythm and Blue performs during its Winter Holiday Concert in the Gothic Reading Room in Perkins Library Thursday evening.
WELLS from page 1 versity Thursday. Wells said he took the new position out of respect for the leader of the Anglican Church. “I regard the Archbishop of Canterbury in the highest esteem, and he very much wanted me to take up the post,” he said. President Richard Brodhead said that he will appoint a search committee to find Wells’ successor. He expects to announce the committee after the start of the new year. “Sam has thrown himself into Duke,” Brodhead wrote in an email Thursday. “He’s been a powerful presence in the Duke Chapel pulpit—several volumes of his sermons have been published, and they are all marvels.” Wells has supplemented his role as Chapel dean with active participation in the Durham community. He works in the community group Religious Coalition for a Nonviolent Durham, a nonprofit that works to build relationships with newly released prisoners and families of murder victims. Wells recently co-wrote a book titled “Living Without Enemies,” with Marcia Owen, Trinity ’78 and director of the coalition. Divinity School Dean Richard Hays said Wells’ deliberate efforts to engage with the Durham community has stood out during his tenure as Chapel dean. “He sought to encourage the Chapel to be engaged in face-to-face relationships in low-income neighborhoods and has pioneered the establishment of partnerships in those communities in Durham,” Hays said. Wells has also made significant strides to enrich the Duke community with religious diversity, such as hiring the University’s first Muslim and Hindu chaplains. Wells said the hires came at a time when the world’s major faiths
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should be cooperating instead of battling. “We’re in an unprecedented time of interaction between major faiths,” Wells said. “It holds a promise of deep enrichment and renewal, not a threat.” Wells was integral in making sure the Muslim chaplain would serve as a chaplain not just for Muslims but for any person of the Duke community, Muslim Chaplain Abdullah Antepli said, adding that the position was Wells’ brainchild as a result of academic and spiritual conversations. At the beginning of his position as Chapel dean, Wells acknowledged the University’s Methodist roots but said “those days are basically gone,” Antepli said, noting that Wells’ articulation and fulfillment of Duke’s religious goals since his arrival has been impressive. Antepli said Wells’ passion and commitment to the Muslim chaplain position was the reason he was drawn to Duke specifically. “This has been a wonderful four years, to have him as a confidant, mentor and someone I can turn to in hope and guidance,” Antepli said. “[Wells’] leaving is bittersweet news for me, but I am happy for the people in London. They are so lucky.”
Students lauded Wells’ openness to giving advice and creating relationships, noting that his classes have profoundly changed the way many students think about the world. Senior Sam Zimmerman participates in Pathways, the Chapel’s campus ministry, and took Wells’ undergraduate ethics course. He said the course is the best survey of ethical thought he took at Duke because it respectfully presented a number of different viewpoints and their criticisms. “[Wells] has elegantly taught students how to think intellectually about the world around them,” Zimmerman said. “His primary legacy is using his unique voice to show how the academy has a lot to learn from the world.” Jenny Denton, a senior who also took Wells’ ethics course, said the class reshaped her thinking of Christianity and ethics. She also praised Wells’ compassion, which shone through his interactions inside and outside of the classroom. “He could be talking to Duke’s biggest donor or a homeless man in Durham, and you would get the same sense of respect for either one of those people,” Denton said.
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General Assembly, these rankings catch their attention,” Luebke said. “The overwhelming percentage of voters— Democrats, Republicans or unaffiliated—don’t hear about something as specialized as this.” Democrats believe that Civitas Action’s grading system is an invalid and overtly partisan way to determine representational effectiveness, said Walton Robinson, communications director of the North Carolina Democratic Party. “[The Democratic Party] does not put much stock into anything that comes out of Civitas,” Robinson said. “They
VA. TECH from page 5 premeditated slaughter. But that was little consolation to the Virginia Tech community, still so scarred by the 2007 shooting that locals refer to it only as “4/16,” the date of the massacre. “We all knew people, some of us personally, that got hurt on 4/16, so this isn’t a good feeling,” said Lee Hawkins, a 2008 Tech graduate who works for the university at Torgersen Hall. This was another surreal afternoon. Police officers wearing flak jackets and carrying automatic weapons arrived about 2 p.m. to secure the building, known as Torg. Police shepherded students onto the “bridge,” a study area that links the building with Newman Library. Officers guarded entrances and allowed students to leave if they wanted, but “at our own risk,” Hawkins said. Many on campus said they fear this new episode will cement what they consider an undeserved reputation for violence. “I’m nervous about our reputation,” sophomore Shawn Ghuman said. “Tech’s a great school.” The shooting happened, by chance, on a day when Virginia Tech officials were in Washington to appeal a $55,000 federal penalty from the Education Department over the university’s response to the 2007 shooting.
are merely a mouthpiece for the radical Tea Party agenda.” De Luca noted that one of the main purposes of the grading scale is to inform voters about the effectiveness of their representatives. He added that the scale is also straightforward because it uses a familiar grading scale and includes 50 votes in the House and 43 votes in the Senate. The rankings also function to keep representatives aware of their own voting habits, De Luca added. He noted that, for example, General Assembly members were given a zero both for voting liberally and for having an unexcused absence or vote. “We want to encourage [representatives] to think about the issues on which they vote… and at the end of the day,
we hope they vote in a way that is true to conservative principles—support for the individual, less government, less regulation, strong families, personal freedoms and individual responsibilities,” De Luca said. Although the report seeks to hold representatives accountable for their voting patterns, Luebke said most legislators still vote based on criteria independent of thirdparty ranking systems like Civitas Action’s. “I vote in ways that are best for the state and for Durham,” Luebke said. “I am not influenced by the Civitas ranking system…. The rankings come so much later after people vote that they have little effect on the legislators’ positions.”
Virginia Tech officials were criticized for taking too long to lock down the campus after that shooting. There was a two-hour delay from the discovery of Cho’s first two victims to the first e-mail alert to campus. In between, 30 others were killed in an academic building that had not been locked. This time, alerts went out within minutes of the gunshots. “We deployed them all, and we deployed them immediately,” Mark Owczarski, a university spokesman, said at a news conference. Neither police nor university officials identified the officer or the gunman. They would not say whether the assailant specifically targeted his victim. They said the officer had been on the Virginia Tech force for four years. The campus was quiet Thursday evening. A few students walked around, but most seemed to be hunkered down in dorm rooms, studying for finals. Kimberly Lawrence, 20, of Newport News and Chloe Toner, 19, of Great Mills, Md., were waiting for a ride and discussing the day’s events. After the all-clear was given, there was a “mass exodus” from locked-down buildings, Lawrence said. “People tried to get food and get back to their rooms,” she said. “They wanted to talk to their family and friends and settle down.” Peter Read, the father of one of the 2007 victims,
heard of Thursday’s shooting from a colleague at his office and was immediately transported to that devastating moment when he learned of the death of his daughter Mary, 19, an aspiring teacher who had graduated from a high school in suburban Washington. Read took Thursday afternoon off from his job as a federal contractor—it was difficult to concentrate. “It’s hard to think about anything else,” Read said. “It’s like deja vu all over again.” Since the loss of his daughter, Read, 49, has been an outspoken proponent of gun-control laws and helped push for new safety measures for the campus. By coincidence, he had spent Wednesday with other family members in Washington, testifying before an administrative judge in the school's appeal of the federal fine. “Tech keeps saying they learned their lessons.... I really hope the leadership is doing the right things to protect (the) community, students, faculty and staff and the people of Blacksburg,” Read said. “They seem to be so far.”
GRADES from page 3
>> BLUE ZONE
FRIDAY December 9, 2011
Senior safety Matt Daniels is the first Duke defensive back to be named an AllAmerican by the Walter Camp Foundation since Ray Farmer in 1994.
From ‘Pride in Zeroes’ to honoring ‘EBO’ by Andrew Beaton THE CHRONICLE
Watching her former team compete against Stanford for the national championship last Saturday, Carolyn Ford saw something familiar. The 2005 ACC defensive player of the year noticed all the Blue Devils had markings on their arms. Now in her second year at the Fuqua School of Business, she was astounded because players began putting messages on their arms in 2004, her junior year. “I was watching the game and you could see the writing on their arms,” Ford said. “I was thinking to myself, ‘I wonder if that has actually continued since when we were there.’” The tradition began when Ford, and the rest of the defense, wanted to find a way to all get on the same page. They marked the phrase ‘Pride in Zeroes’ on their forearms. And, after registering nine shutouts in 2003, the unit put together 12 clean sheets in 2004, one shy of the school record at the time. This year’s defenders recorded an ‘X’ on their arms for every shutout they earned. They had their arms full by the end of the season, shattering the school record by holding their opponents to zero goals 16 times. But, it is no longer just a defensive tradition. This ritual has been passed down to each year’s new crop of players,
evolving each step of the way. “I remember when I was a freshman seeing people writing things on their wrists or on their arms and I wondered, ‘What does that mean?’” senior forward Chelsea Canepa said. “It’s really just a motivator and a ritual. It’s a tradition that once you figure out what it is that speaks to you, you usually do the same thing every single game.” For Canepa, what spoke to her first was writing ‘know,’ a reference to how, as a forward, she cannot second guess or overthink her actions on the field, but rather must instinctively know exactly what to do. Since then, she has added ‘do’ because offensive players also need to execute. While Canepa’s practice is ritualized and consistent from game to game, sophomore Kaitlyn Kerr has taken the tradition and run with it, writing unique messages for each game she plays. As a freshman, she saw then-senior Meaghan FitzGerald write the ‘X’s on the defenders’ arms. Since then, Kerr personalized the custom, tattooing messages specific to a cause or memory. Against Stanford, she scrawled the name “EBO” in giant letters down her forearm. Ebo is one of her brother’s close friends and was recently diagnosed with bone cancer in his femur. When Duke took on UNC Greensboro this year, and recorded its fifth SHAYAN ASADI/THE CHRONICLE
SEE MESSAGES ON PAGE 10
Kaitlyn Kerr wrote “EBO” on her right forearm during the national championship to honor her brother’s friend.
Huskies look to run by Blue Devils in NYC by Scott Rich THE CHRONICLE
Duke had eight straight days of practice and a lopsided home win over undersized Colorado State to recover from its crushing defeat in Columbus, Ohio. But the true test to see if the Blue Devils have overcome their first loss of the season will come not in Durham, Huskies but at Duke’s home-away-fromvs. home—Madison No. 7 Square Garden. Duke The No. 7 Blue Devils (8-1) SATURDAY, 12 p.m. Madison Square Garden will return to New York City for the first time since head coach Mike Krzyzewski’s record-setting 903rd career win to face Washington Saturday at noon. The Huskies (4-3) will be playing their second straight game in New York City after falling to then-No. 11 Marquette in a heartbreaking 79-77 loss in the Jimmy V. Classic Tuesday. To hold off the team that has contended for the Pac-12 title each of the past three years, though, Duke will
DAVID CHOU/THE CHRONICLE
SEE M. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 10
Sophomore guard Tyler Thornton started for the first time all season Wednesday night.
Turnovers cost Duke in top-10 matchup Blue Devils commit season-high 24 turnovers by Mike Schreiner THE CHRONICLE
In front of the largest crowd in program history, unbeaten Kentucky took advantage of Blue Devil turnovers and a couple of clutch 3-pointers to upset Duke. The No. 6 Blue Devils (6-2) benefitted from a team-high 17 points from freshman Elizabeth Williams, but sophomores Chelsea Gray and Chloe Wells, who both came into the game averaging double-digit scoring, combined for only 11 points. Trailing early, the Wildcats fought to within three points of Duke at halftime, then pulled away late in the second half en route to a 72-65 victory at Rupp Arena in Lexington, Ky. No. 10 Kentucky (9-0) entered the game with the best turnover margin in the nation and used constant defensive pressure to wear Duke down. By the end of the game, the Blue Devils had turned the ball over a
season-high 24 times. “We were just off,” Gray said. “I think we were rushing everything.” Junior A’dia Mathies and freshman Bria Goss led the Wildcats with 23 and 19 points, respectively, and freshman Azia Bishop came off the bench to add a double-double in Kentucky’s second straight win over a top-10 team. Mathies and Goss each hit a 3-pointer during an 8-0 run that put Kentucky ahead to stay with less than five minutes left in the game, but it was Bishop that provided the spark in the second half for the Wildcats. “I don’t think I’ve seen that too much—a player comes off the bench for a double-double,” McCallie said. “In a game like this, a physical game like this, I would call her the player of the game and say, ‘Wow.’” SEE W. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 11
10 | FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011
M. BASKETBALL from page 9 have to maintain the drive it showed in a 23-point victory over the Rams. “The week before exams we can go braindead, you know… I thought our guys were pretty good,” Krzyzewski said after beating the Rams Wednesday. “We have to carry that through to Saturday because we’re playing against the most athletic team we’ve played against [this season] in Washington.” The Huskies, much like the Buckeyes, have scoring depth that could trouble the Blue Devils. Six different players average more than 7.5 points per game, led by 6-foot-6 sophomore guard Terrence Ross’ 16.6 points per contest. Ross, who strongly considered Duke during his recruitment, has blossomed in his second season as a part of head coach Lorenzo Romar’s system, more than doubling his average points, rebounds, assists and blocks per game from a year ago. Much like Ohio State’s William Buford and Deshaun Thomas, Ross and teammate C.J. Wilcox’s height and length from the wing could pose problems for a Duke backcourt that has struggled defensively at times this season. Freshman guard Tony Wroten, who at
6-foot-5 plays a similar style as Ross and Wilcox, could provide the Huskies a boost of the bench. In just 24 minutes per game, Wroten is averaging 13 points, 4.4 rebounds and 3.7 assists this year. How, and if. the Blue Devils continue to shuffle their lineup could prove paramount in how they defend against Washington’s trio of talented scoring guards. Krzyzewski inserted defensive specialist Tyler Thornton into the starting lineup against Colorado State, and the sophomore responded with four assists and no turnovers. The move relegated Andre Dawkins to the bench, but after attempting only one field goal against the Buckeyes, the junior exploded for 15 points in just 12 minutes against the Rams. Dawkins left early in the second half with back spasms, and his status for Saturday is not yet known. The lineup changes are all a part of an improvement process for Krzyzewski, something he expects to continue against a challenging matchup in the Huskies. “We keep looking for ways of getting better. A 23-point loss to Ohio State leads to a lot of things,” Krzyzewski said. “We’re still very much a developing team. We’ve had a difficult schedule, it will continue through Washington and that’s how you learn about yourself. You have to keep adjusting.”
DAVID CHOU/THE CHRONICLE
Mason Plumlee will be tested on the interior by center Aziz N’Diaye, who averages 9.3 rebounds per game.
DUKE vs. WASHINGTON Saturday, December 10 • Madison Square Garden 12 p.m. • CBS Washington (4-3)
shutout of the season, it was the 10th anniversary of the attacks on September 11, 2001. The message on her arm read, ‘9/11 never forget.’ When a very close family friend, a police officer in her hometown of Philadelphia, was shot, Kerr inscribed his badge number, ‘5649,’ on her arm for the game his wife—the daughter of her club soccer coach—attended. “Every time I write something, the people seem to really appreciate it,” Kerr said. “[Ebo] said he was watching the game with a bunch of friends and family and he saw it, sadly when I was crying after the game.” Although a simple tradition, the writing
MESSAGES from page 9
helps the team rally around causes that focus both on and off the field. Earlier this season, when Ashley Rape tore her anterior cruciate ligament for the third time in her career in a win over then-No.1 Notre Dame, the team wrote her initials on their wrists and tied ribbons around their shoes in her honor. Regardless of what they write on their arms or the messages they carry onto the field, though, the inscriptions are important for the team because in their final minutes of preparation before games, it helps bring them together. “What I’ve noticed is I don’t write these on myself, I always have someone else write it on me,” Canepa said. “I think that speaks to the team camaraderie—it’s about getting people excited.”
TYLER THORNTON 15 assists, 8 turnovers SETH CURRY 13.1 ppg, 46.2 3PT% AUSTIN RIVERS 15.6 ppg, 65.4 FT% RYAN KELLY 12.2 ppg, 4.2 rpg MASON PLUMLEE 64.7 FG%, 9.8 rpg N’Diaye is a defensive force in the paint, and will be Mason Plumlee’s biggest challenge on the interior so far this season besides Ohio State’s Jared Sullinger, but Plumlee has shown he’s capable. Terrence Ross is a frontrunner for Pac-12 player of the year, and at 6-foot-6, he presents a problematic defensive assignment for the Blue Devils. The trio of Curry, Thornton and Rivers are more talented overall, though.
DAVID CHOU/THE CHRONICLE
Seth Curry had a career-high eight assists and just one turnover against Colorado State.
G G G F F
No. 7 Duke (8-1)
Tony Wroten averages 13.0 points and 3.7 assists per game off the bench for the Huskies, but Duke can extend the guard rotation to include five players—a luxury that Lorenzo Romar’s squad just can’t match.
G G G F C
ABDUL GADDY 8.9 ppg, 4.9 apg C.J. WILCOX 15.7 ppg, 13 steals TERRENCE ROSS 16.6 ppg, 7.0 rpg DARNELL GANT 56.5 FG%, 4.1 rpg AZIZ N’DIAYE 9.3 rpg, 2.3 bpg
PPG: PPG DEF: FG%: 3PT%: FT%: RPG: APG: BPG: SPG: TO/G:
78.4 69.0 47.8 40.2 67.8 37.1 13.7 3.9 7.8 14.7
80.4 72.1 47.0 40.8 61.2 43.1 15.4 6.0 7.1 15.6
The Breakdown Led by Terrence Ross, Washington plays an uptempo style that keeps its opponents off-balance. Although the Huskies ooze talent, they have lost three of their last four games, including an overtime loss at Nevada. Thornton’s start at the point seemed to boost every member of Duke’s backcourt against the Rams. It’ll be close, but the Blue Devils should pull it out. OUR CALL: Duke wins, 76-70
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011 | 11
Bookmark the Blue Zone at sports.chronicleblogs.com for game stories, analysis, photos and more coverage of Duke men’s and women’s basketball during winter break.
CHELSEA PIERONI/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO
Chloe Wells [pictured] and Chelsea Gray average double-digit points each, but the two were held to 11 combined Thursday night.
W. BASKETBALL from page 9 Bishop had averaged just 7.0 points and 3.5 rebounds per game entering the contest. “This is how she plays,” Goss said. “We see it in practice. We see it all the time. Now that she put it on the court in this type of game, it’s amazing.” Rupp Arena hosted Thursday night’s game, marking the first time in over three years that the Wildcats have played in the spacious 23,500-seat venue. With almost four times the capacity of Memorial Stadium, the Kentucky women’s program’s regular home court, Rupp Arena held 14,508 fans for the contest, breaking the alltime program attendance record. “I think that was our first time ever against that type of crowd,” Gray said. “It’s a great atmosphere and you just have to get used to it.” The loss is the Blue Devils’ second in their last four contests, with their previous defeat coming at the hands of then-No. 3 Notre Dame. The Blue Devils ceded firsthalf leads in both matchups. Kentucky stepped up its defensive intensity in the second half to overcome its early deficit, interrupting the flow of Duke’s offense. “Shooting 57 percent in the first half is a pretty good thing and second half, not shooting as well, you have to credit [their] defense there,” McCallie said. “I also think we didn’t run the floor and see as well because of that pressure.” Despite a height advantage at most positions, the Blue Devils also allowed the Wildcats to score 21 second-chance points, highlighting a problem at times has plagued Duke this season despite its size—rebounding. The Blue Devils will try to bounce back Sunday when they host SC Upstate at Cameron Indoor Stadium.
12 | FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011
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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011 | 13
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The Independent Daily at Duke University
14 | FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011
Trust the Trustees The Board of Trustees al- the process pays appropriate lots a seat every year to a sole homage to students’ interest, undergraduate Young Trust- it may place excessive emphaee. This position is arguably sis on students’ direct input. the most prestigious and covThe members of the eted campus post that a Duke YTNC, which has the responundergradusibly to screen ate can obtain. the initial editorial The role allows Young Trustee the elected student to fre- applicants, are selected by the quently interact with accom- Duke Student Government plished men and women who Senate, which reserves eight together form the primary seats on the committee for governing body for the Uni- DSG members and 10 seats versity. Becoming a Young for at-large candidates. This Trustee starts with a student- structure not only marks an led screening process carried unfair advantage for DSG, but out by the Young Trustee also makes little sense given Nominating Committee the actual role of the Young (YTNC) and ends with a Trustee. The Young Trustee campus-wide election, when does not cater to DSG, nor each finalist attempts to con- does it advocate solely for vince student peers why he student interests. Instead, the or she deserves a spot on the ultimate role of the Young Board of Trustees. Although Trustee is to best provide a
It is a shame that not many students are taking the opportunity to learn from this great scholar, but now I believe more will want to take a class from him because of your article.
—“slik nik” commenting on the story “A scholar and a dissident.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.
LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.
fresh perspective to the Board in its endeavors to shape the future of the University. Sunny Kantha, Trinity ’09 and the 2009 Young Trustee, wrote in a guest Chronicle column that “[c]ontrary to popular belief, the Young Trustee should not act solely as an advocate on behalf of undergraduates, or any specific constituency for that matter.” Instead of reserving eight spots for DSG, the YTNC should instead cap the number of DSG representatives on the nominating committee and open every spot to every undergraduate applicant. Once selected by the YTNC, three finalists are narrowed to one Young Trustee by a student-wide election. Although this format may seem like the fairest method for de-
termining the Young Trustee, it may not actually be conducive to selecting the best candidate. As a young adult serving on a board dominated by some of the world’s most successful people, the Young Trustee needs to both command respect and communicate effectively in a highly professional setting. A student election ensures that students will feel some kind of connection to the candidate they select. But it does not ensure that the Board of Trustees feels a connection to the same candidate. This kind of connection can only come from being a contributor to the selection process itself. With this in mind, why not have the Board of Trustees pick the final Young Trustee from
a group of three finalists? When people personally select candidates, they commit themselves to accepting that candidate as functional member of the group. The Board of Trustees deserves the ability to endorse the student that becomes a member of their group. Students deserve representation, too, but they get it in the form of the YTNC, which is selected by student representatives in the DSG Senate. And a student election incentivizes candidates to pander to student interests that they should not represent. Ultimately, the final selection is more an artificial than a substantiative choice. The people who work with Young Trustee should get to make that choice.
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ow, for most of us finals actually start in On the sixth day of finals: Six days left! Halfthe last hellish week of classes, LWOC if way there never seemed harder, considering we you will. The 12 days can often feel like an haven’t even made it to exams. This is generally endless tedium of food (hopefulthe point where all Duke students ly), sleep (hopefully), work, work become reclusive library dwellers and more WORK. But, for me the who drown in a sea of junk food endless cycle has become a merry care packages. The sugar-induced holiday sing-a-long to the tune of a coma will help me, right? car wreck-esque pile-up of papers, On the seventh day of finals: Just projects, review sessions and finally, found seven more review packets. exams. So I present to you the “12 Sunday was never “fun day” in the Days of Finals,” a 12-step program of semester-based colleges. leilani doktor land to winter break recovery: Find yourself rampantly solving make her say On the first day of finals: The practice problems? Chances are, so first meeting for a group project. is everyone around you. For you and almost every student at Duke, the On the eight day of finals: You get eight differgroup project is one of the most detested forms ent panic attacks. It’s the last day of reading periof finals work due for any class. Most can attest to od, and now the real fun begins. I once heard that the inefficiency of group projects for the sole rea- Lamaze, as in childbirth breathing techniques, son that Duke students are busy. As you butt heads often helps control stress levels. Not down to do over writing styles and schedule conflicts, morale that in Perkins? Why don’t you try the tree pose for the next 11 days is dismally low. instead? No one will even notice. On the second day of finals: Outlining two reOn the ninth day of finals: You drink nine red search papers. Those outlines you wanted to get bulls. That and 48 hours without sleep will give done before Thanksgiving break? You’re starting you wings and fly you straight to Duke Hospital. them now. Regardless of the amount of time you On the 10th day of finals: You finally get one spent thinking about those papers, now is the first exam done. That was a relief... cue crying deeptime you begin actually looking for materials out- ly as you call your mom and tell her “its just too side of class. Thankfully the librarian is willing to hard.” Sleep deprivation and emotional uproar be your new best friend. over the fact that not enough holiday music is On the third day of finals: What, I do three played on campus are the breaking point. You extracurriculars? Oh right, I need to go to that consider dropping out of college. closing meeting for the “I still see my imaginary On the 11th day of finals: Just 11 projects, friends” club, the koala bear coalition and Stu- papers and tests combined to get through. Your dents United for Knowingly going to Shooters mom has renewed your hopes and you are ready (SUKS).… I’ll pencil that in now. to attack your last exams, and turn in those pheOn the fourth day of finals: (At least) four nomenal(?) papers/projects. course evaluations. Yes, class ends early! No, only On the 12th day of finals: Only 12 hours stand the teacher gets to leave. Who knows their major between you and making your way home! Last number? Why couldn’t these be done online? exam and last paper deadline? Done and Done. On the fifth day of finals: Thank goodness it’s Free at last. Free at last. (Regardless of your Friday! Yes, it’s time for the weekend, but in light grades.) You have survived the worst that Duke of the season, going out goes against all reason. has to offer. Oh wait … there is still all that pack‘Tis opening day for reading period, better known ing to be done. as the weekend. For an institution that focuses so And with that you have survived the 12 days of much on work done during finals for grades, you finals, congratulations to all and to all have a great would expect a little more time. Alas, we must all winter break! Hopefully some of you will see me work with the three days we are given, and attend caroling the 12 days of finals on the Main Quad. all five review sessions crammed into reading period since official sessions are not permitted durLeilani Doktor is a Trinity sophomore. This is her ing exam week. final column of the semester.
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Away from meddling eyes
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 2011 | 15
hortly after sundown Aug. 8, 2011, I took off on an dered the U.N. force stationed on the Sinai Peninsula to El Al flight from New York to Tel Aviv. I was one leave—and they complied passively. Arab leaders claimed of 17 students travelling to Israel with the Anti-Def- to support the Palestinian cause while seeking only to disamation League, which organizes a yearly tract their own citizens. In his book “From trip to introduce American students to Beirut to Jerusalem,” New York Times war some of the challenges in modern Israel. alejandro bolivar correspondent (and current columnist) I longed to see the land with my own eyes Thomas Friedman said the Arab heads of guest column and talk to policy makers and constituents state founded the Palestinian Liberation in order to form my own opinions on key Organization in 1964 “in order to control issues surrounding Israel. The country had been in the the Palestinians and to use them for their own military national news almost every day prior to my departure, and political purposes.” Even Yasser Arafat, a prominent as the Palestinians were preparing to submit a bid for Palestinian independence leader who later won control independence to the United Nations. After learning of the group, was skeptical of the whether or not the about the region’s history, I realized this proposal would group was founded with genuine intentions. be detrimental to the peace process, as many U.N. memPublic spectacles like the U.N. independence probers would make their determinations not with a goal of cess distract from the real issues at hand. All of a sudlasting regional peace, but rather to leverage their own den, every member nation seems to have a vested international interests. est in the issue, directly or indirectly. Some countries A nation at the crossroads of Africa, Asia and Europe, will inject themselves in the debate solely to steer it in Israel has been a virtual island since its independence, the direction they see most convenient. Even Iran now surrounded by countries that today still do not acknowl- has a say in the matter, though its president has denied edge its right to exist. The state declared independence the Holocaust, claimed 9/11 was an inside job and inin 1948 after the United Nations voted in 1947 to parti- sisted he wants to wipe Israel off the map during past tion the territory between Arabs and Jews. Recognizing speeches at the U.N. its power, Israel’s neighbors began using the U.N. to chasParties are more inclined to tackle the pressing probtise the Jewish state frequently. Even though the United lems when external influences are kept to a minimum. Nations was established to maintain international peace Realistically, politicians may be tempted to postpone disand security, develop friendly relations among nations cussion when it could cost them elections. That is why and promote social progress, better living standards and secret negotiations like the Oslo Accords have yielded human rights, some of its agencies have become means the most compromises between Israelis and Palestinfor countries to fulfill selfish political agendas. ians. The outcomes of these talks were surprising: after The U.N. Human Rights Council has produced more decades of conflicts, both sides finally recognized each resolutions condemning Israel than any single country in other’s right to exist. Similarly, in 1977 after several lowthe world. Indeed, the Council’s credibility is question- key negotiations, Egypt’s former President Anwar Sadat able: current committee members include Saudi Arabia, travelled to Israel and announced he wanted to make where religious freedom is nonexistent and women are peace. Radicals, extremists and opportunists hold no innot legally prohibited from driving. Until just recently, fluence over the final result in these meetings, unlike in so was Libya—an excellent candidate, considering its U.N. meetings where they are present in the room and former leader sponsored the eponymous Al-Gadaffi In- have a say and a vote. ternational Prize for Human Rights. Former U.N. SecreToday, in spite of their disagreements, moderate Istary-General Kofi Annan said resolutions against Israel raelis and Palestinians concur that they want to live their (including one equating Zionism with racism) had no ef- day-to-day lives without fear of armed conflict. Unfortufect other than to strengthen the belief among member nately, many countries do not share this vision. U.N. innations that the U.N. “is too one-sided to be allowed a tervention will no doubt influence the effect of the Palsignificant role in the Middle East peace process.” estinian bid. Unnecessary meddling in negotiations will Oppressive leaders in neighboring countries have only delay peace, which is the ultimate goal. The alternalong used the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to manipulate tive is direct negotiations between Israelis and Palestinthe masses instead of addressing pressing social issues. ians only. Both sides have to make compromises: Israel A devoted critic of Israel, former Syrian dictator Hafez will have to cease expansion of its settlements, just as Palal Assad personally ordered the Hama Massacre in 1982 estinian President Mahmoud Abbas will have to part ways to crush an uprising by Sunni Muslim citizens. Likewise, with his radical Hamas counterparts. The Israeli-Palestinenemies of the State of Israel have actively prevented ian conflict has gone long enough; there is no reason it U.N. peacekeeping efforts when it did not correspond should continue indefinitely. with their interests. When former Egyptian President Abdel Nasser made plans to attack Israel in 1967, he orAlejandro Bolivar, Trinity ’13
Stress, stress and more stress
t’s the most wonderful time of the academic school year, a time characterized by Dukies pulling several all-nighters, yawning for the millionth time and gulping their third cup of coffee. For others, it is the time to finally use the reading period as an excuse to look like walking ghosts on campus. We all know the stress involved during reading period is unbearable. Our brains are not tegan joseph only working ‘round the mosugu clock, but our body parts are also fighting each othbe fierce, be real er. At times, it even feels as if parts of our body are trying to secede from us through several aches, headaches, allergies, etc. It is imperative that we get some rest as we power our way through these arduous final three days of the Fall semester. I always try to avoid taking naps, even though sometimes it’s impossible. Dismally, my naps turn into unexpected prolonged hours of sleep that reduce my productivity. I’d rather allow my body to go through a period of physical unrest. By doing so, I stay on track, even if it means working at a slow pace! Juxtaposing my studying habits during the reading period last year with this year, I plan on changing a lot of things. Firstly, I fully intend on having a well-rested night before the reading period commences. I need to function well without killing myself. I need to utilize restraint with less-periodical checks of social networking sites. I check them way too much and it’s a big distractor from getting things done. I plan on using positive reinforcement by allowing myself to check these networks after studying intervals. Although I don’t always get work done outside of the library, Perkins is my worst enemy! It stresses me out every time so that just the sight of it drives me crazy. Piling more stress on myself is not the way to go. Whenever I go to Perkins, it takes me quite sometime to get settled down. Plus, finding a study space during this time of the year is simply ridiculous. I always end up doing something else rather than studying anyways, and that doesn’t help. I’m not sure if you’re like me, but I am the kind of individual who needs music to study. There is always that urge to listen to something that can get me in the zone. A little mix of The Black Eyed Peas’ “Gotta Get That” and some of Lady Gaga’s “Edge of Glory” won’t hurt right? As I cram study guides and type numerous essays, I might as well jam to some music to get motivated. I’ve always found that I work best in atmospheres that fit me. I love seeing some comrades act abnormally in the library while getting their academic grind on! Despite the long nights of studying, it’s safe to say that the undergraduate reading period is a time for assessing how far we have come as students. Preparing for final exams allows us to see how far we are from reaching a set goal. After months and months have passed by, it all comes down to three days that determine everything. Three days where, we some of us would either feel good or bad about ourselves. For those of us, who didn’t learn a lot in some classes, maybe we’ll hopefully be able to pick up a few things that we missed or ignored! With the large amount of unstructured time you’ll have, be careful with the decisions that you eventually make. I am sure you wouldn’t want all your semester’s worth of hard work to be in vain. There’s a time for everything and, even though we Dukies love to have fun, it’s certainly not the time to abuse alcohol or drink in an extreme fashion. Using Adderall to improve brainpower should never be the route. Just like any drug, you can get addicted and we know where that goes. Whatever your routine is, try stick to it, but feel free to change it so as to stimulate your mind. Obviously don’t pull an all-nighter the night before your exam—that’s simply dumb—you wouldn’t function well because your memory recollection will be a disaster! You’ve got this in the bag, so get ready, set and go! Tegan Joseph Mosugu is a Trinity sophomore. This is his final column of the semester.
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