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T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y

The Chronicle

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011

ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 55

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

Cancer therapy groups bring ‘meaning to life’

DUHS digitizes records with Maestro Care

Just dance

by Danielle Muoio

by Ashley Mooney

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Cancer patients at Duke can now draw comfort from two new meditative support groups. The Duke Cancer Patient Support Program introduced two support programs for cancer patients and their families, which are based in methods from integrative medicine. The programs serve to complement the DCPSP’s existing nine support groups, meditative garden and self-image shop with turbans and wigs offered free of charge. The new support groups cater to the emotional traumas experienced by cancer patients who undergo physical treatments. “These therapies help bring meaning to their life,” said Cheyenne Corbett, director of the DCPSP. Alternate therapies can help patients overcome the emotional affects of cancer, said Ben Weast, licensed professional counselor and a nationally certified counselor. “When I look at counseling, what I am trying to do is assist a person in adjusting to what is going on in their life at that time in regard to the cancer,” Weast said. “When you are talking about adjustment that involves your mind [and] how you are thinking about cancer and feeling about cancer can be related to how much pain you’re in.”

By summer 2014, Duke University Health System will convert to a single, standardized electronic health records system, revolutionizing access to patient history. DUHS will convert to a paper-free electronic system that facilitates the exchange of medical records with other health care organizations across the country, said Dr. Jeffrey Ferranti, chief medical information officer, vice president for clinical informatics and associate director of the Duke Center for Health Informatics. The initiative, required by federal legislation, will fully digitize all past, present and future patient records in one database. Benefits include greater patient access to their own records and the ability to share the information across health systems. “It’s a single system that covers really all aspects of clinical care,” Ferranti said. “That means that patient [information] is consistent across the enterprise.” Duke is using Epic Systems Corporation’s Epic software—the leading electronic medical health records system—to implement the new system DUHS has renamed Maestro Care. The overhaul will cost $700 million over seven years, Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of DUHS, said in September.

THANH HA NGUYEN/THE CHRONICLE

A student rehearses for the November Dances 2011, which will occur Friday and Saturday in Reynolds Theater. November Dances is a Duke Dance Program production.

SEE THERAPY ON PAGE 5

SEE DUHS ON PAGE 7

Expert refutes notion of middle class stagnation by Katya Prosvirkina THE CHRONICLE

THANH HA NGUYEN/THE CHRONICLE

George Mason University professor Don Boudreaux speaks on the prospects of the middle class Thursday.

The state of the middle class isn’t as hopeless as public opinion sometimes indicates, one expert said. The Duke chapter of the Federalist Society, a conservative and libertarian organization present at many U.S. law schools, hosted Don Boudreaux, professor of economics at George Mason University, for a discussion about the quality of life among the American middle class Thursday. In his remarks, Boudreaux said he counters the media’s prevailing notion that economic situation of the American middle class is stagnant. He noted how many analysts argue that the quality of life for the middle class improved until the mid-1970s but then plateaued—a claim he believes is just a manipulation of data. “You’re trying to be lawyers, you’re in a skeptic business,” Boudreaux said at the start of the presentation. “As a lawyer you can tell any story you want with your data but so can anyone else.” Federalist Society President Phil Aubart, a second-year law student, said the group strives to give students the opportunity to hear alternative opinions. “Many of the law schools all over the country are very

ONTHERECORD

“This changing curriculum has to be accompanied by an effort to make sure the right courses are available.” —Kaveh Danesh on curriculum. See story page 3

Duke begins NCAA Tournament, Page 8

liberal,” Aubart said. “The Society is interested in bringing a different point of view to these schools to show students both sides of arguments.” Throughout his remarks, Boudreaux cited various statistics that reflect the strength and growth of the middle class. Real gross domestic product per capita, for example, grew by 80 percent between 1976 and 2006, he said. He supported his claims by comparing household income, hourly wages and the price of common goods. The most commonly cited statistic supporting middle class stagnation is that the median household income has grown only 18 percent between 1976 and 2006, Boudreaux said. He noted, however, that when this statistic is adjusted for inflation and put in terms of other indexes, the growth is markedly higher. Using a personal consumption expenditure deflator, for example, demonstrates a 26 percent growth in median household income. And toward the other extreme, the Boskin condition—which tends to vastly overstate the rate of inflation—shows a 60 percent increase. He also noted that when considering economic growth, SEE STAGNATION ON PAGE 6

Blue Devils kick off regular season, Page 8


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worldandnation

Support for alternative energy funding decreases

Support for putting federal funds into alternative energy sources such as wind, solar and hydrogen has slipped to its lowest point in polls since 2006, driven by growing Republican opposition to such initiatives, according to a new Washington Post-Pew Research Center poll. The new findings, which follow the bankruptcy of solar panel maker Solyndra and the ongoing congressional probe of the Obama administration’s loan guarantee program for renewable energy, show that attitudes toward renewable energy have diverged between the two parties. Renewable energy still remains more popular than traditional fossil fuels, with 68 percent of respondents in favor of federal backing for it. But this is a sharp decline from the roughly eight in 10 who favored increasing federal funds for renewable energy from 2006 to through early 2010. Among Republicans and GOP-leaning independents, support for renewable energy funding has slumped to 53 percent, a full 30 points lower than Democratic backing.

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onschedule at Duke... Fall Seminar Series LSRC A158, 10-11:30a.m. Ashwini Chhatre, assistant professor at the University of Illinois, will speak about “Institutional Access, Democratic Articulation and Self-Organized Adaptation to Climate Change.”

Duke Free Store

Virginia Senate race ends Italian primer minister to with Democrat defeat step down in emergency Virginia state Sen. Edward Houck conceded defeat, dashing any Democratic hopes of hanging on to power in Richmond. The Spotsylvania Democrat announced his decision on Facebook and at a news conference in Fredericksburg after Republican Bryce Reeves picked up four more votes in Louisa County.

ROME, Italy — Under intense pressure to fend off a full-blown debt crisis, Italy’s fractious lawmakers appeared to be coalescing around an emergency plan that could see Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi step down this weekend to make way for an interim government headed by a political outsider, Mario Monti.

Bryan Center, 11a.m.-5p.m. Sponsored by Sustainable Duke, this event will allow students, staff and faculty to donate and/or take any gently used books and supplies for the office, classroom or kitchen.

Support World Pneumonia Day Trent 40, 3-5p.m. This event will invite all to test their knowledge with Pneumonia Jeopardy, watch a short documentary on the disease and hear about students’ work in this field.

Cowboys and Aliens Bryan Center Griffith Film Theater, 7-9p.m. Freewater Presentations will show Captain America for free for all Duke students.

TODAY IN HISTORY

If you add to the truth, you subtract from it. — The Talmud

on the

SATURDAY:

TODAY:

1918: World War I ends.

“The notion of a Kings of Tobacco Road exhibition between basketball alumni of Duke and North Carolina seemed almost too good to be true, and that may indeed be the case. After confirming the Nov. 17 date for the event Monday,the event’s organizers have now postponed it indefinitely.” — From The Blue Zone bluezone.dukechronicle.com

on the

calendar

Remembrance Day Canada

Armistice Day Belgium

Independence Day JOHN MCDONNELL/THE WASHINGTON POST

A 1970s receiver, turntable and cassette deck make up a vintage sound system assembled by Tim Gold. The look and sound go perfectly with the lounge vibe in the living room of his Washington home, which he shares with his partner, Mitchell Gold, owner of Mitchell Gold + Bob Williams furniture store.

Poland

Guru Nanak’s Birthday India


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FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011 | 3

ARTS AND SCIENCES COUNCIL

Council discusses changes to QS codes by Michael Lee THE CHRONICLE

It might become harder for students to fulfill their Quantitative Studies requirements. Members of the Arts and Sciences Council revisited possible changes to the Quantitative Studies requirement— which were originally proposed at the October meeting. The amendment to the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences curriculum would require that students obtain at least one of their two QS credits through a class offered by a QS department— mathematics, statistics or computer science. Currently, Trinity students may take the two courses in any department as long as the courses have QS designations—such as courses in economics or environmental science. The proposal, which was presented by the Quantitative Studies Requirement Review Committee, aims to increase students’ proficiency in quantitative thinking. The Academic Council is expected to vote on the proposal at its December meeting at the earliest, Chair Ruth Day said. She emphasized that changes to the curriculum are driven by an open discussion that includes student input. “The proposal speaks to the importance of academic exploration,” said senior Kaveh Danesh, Duke Student Government vice president for academic affairs. “This changing curriculum has to be accompa-

nied by an effort to make sure the right courses are available.” Danesh, who attended the meeting and also serves on the QS review committee, said he believes the members of his DSG committee are generally in favor of the proposal. Danesh said the members of the DSG committee also believe keeping introductory level QS classes small and free of overqualified students is important. Clark Bray, assistant professor of the practice of mathematics, suggested that proficiency in quantitative thinking might not be fostered by departments other than mathematics, statistics or computer science. Based on data about the QS departments, Bray found that very few courses are cross-listed with any Area of Knowledge other than QS. “What I think this points to is that there is a very significant difference in disciplinary style,” Bray said. Carlo Tomasi, chair of the computer science department, said he does not believe that there is a pressing need to reform the curriculum. “There really isn’t a problem that needs to be fixed,” Tomasi said. “Students who want to benefit from quantitative approaches can do so now.” Danesh said he is unable to predict the outcome. “I think there are a lot of views, and it’s hard to put a number [on the faculty support for this proposal,]” he said.

Where the wild things are

MALENA PRICE/THE CHRONICLE

Blue Devils United holds their annual drag show at the Duke Coffeehouse.


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THE CHRONICLE

Nixon told jury Watergate Perry’s ‘oops’ moment recording gap was ‘accident’ latest debate gaffe By Jonathan D. Salant BLOOMBERG NEWS

WASHINGTON. D.C. — Former President Richard Nixon told a grand jury investigating the Watergate scandal that the 18.5-minute gap on one of the White House tapes was an “accident,” according to transcripts released Thursday. Nixon, who had resigned his office under threat of impeachment 10 months before testifying in June 1975, offered no explanation for how the accident occurred. The gap occurred on an audiotape of a conversation between Nixon and White House aide H.R. Haldeman that was subpoenaed as part of an investigation into the June 17, 1972, break-in at

Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington. The transcripts were made public by the National Archives in Washington. In them, Nixon also defends his administration’s reaction to the leaking of the Pentagon Papers, which contained classified information about the Vietnam War, and mentions political dirty tricks he believed had been used against him. The tape gap spurred suspicions that incriminating conversations about the break-in and subsequent cover-up among administration members had been intentionally erased. Nixon’s secretary, Rose Mary Woods, said at the time that as she had been transcribing SEE NIXON ON PAGE 16

By Jeff Bliss BLOOMBERG NEWS

WASHINGTON, D.C. — “Sorry. Oops,” Texas Gov. Rick Perry said Wednesday night when pressed during a Republican presidential debate to name the third federal agency he would eliminate if he won the White House. “It is three agencies of government when I get there that are gone. Commerce, Education and the—what's the third one there? Let’s see,” said Perry, who has repeated the trio of agencies on the campaign trail innumerable times. This wasn't the first such misstep for Perry—and it joins a long history of gaffes during televised debates that have become a central and unforgiving element of modern American pres-

idential campaigns. For Perry, the mistake may be fatal to his presidential hopes, said Susan Tolchin, a public policy professor at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va. The lapse in remembering the Energy Department for Perry, the governor of a top energy-producing state, “really rendered him toast in this campaign,” she said in an interview. “It looked like, without a teleprompter, he was lost.” Televised debates have helped shape public perceptions of presidential candidates since their 1960 debut. For many listening to that debate on the radio, Vice President Richard SEE PERRY ON PAGE 16

Sensitive decision on Keystone pipeline route is delayed by Juliet Eilperin THE WASHINGTON POST

WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Obama administration will delay action on a controversial cross-country oil pipeline in order to assess a shift in its route, officials announced Thursday, effectively putting off a politically vexing decision until after next year’s election. The move is the latest twist in a morethan-three-year review process that has evolved from a fairly routine decision within the federal bureaucracy to a very public

debate over national energy policy. It pitted environmental activists and an array of citizens along the pipeline’s proposed route against business groups, oil companies and unions whose members would be employed as part of the $7 billion project. Officials at the State Department, which oversees the permitting process, had once promised a decision on the proposal by Alberta-based TransCanada by year’s end. But they said Thursday that they had to extend their review of the 1,700-mile pipeline to address Nebraskans’ objections to building

across the state’s sensitive Sandhills region. That area provides habitat for imperiled wildlife and covers the Ogallala Aquifer, a critical source of drinking water for state residents. Kerri-Ann Jones, assistant secretary in the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, told reporters that choosing a new route for the Nebraska portion of the pipeline will require a new environmental assessment, which will probably take at least 15 months.

“We’re being responsive to what we’ve heard from the public,” Jones said. Jones said she and other State Department officials had consulted with the White House in recent days as they began to explore the possibility of a supplemental environmental assessment. But she emphasized that they were spurred by concern that Nebraskans lacked a regulatory or legal framework to help influence the pipeline’s route. The Nebraska SEE PIPELINE ON PAGE 6


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THERAPY from page 1 The art therapy group offers a nonverbal way for patients to express their feelings. The group, which consists of eight to 10 members, does not require any prior art experience and meets twice per month. Geoffrey Vaughn, a licensed art therapist who facilitates the art therapy group, noted that patients work with a variety of mediums—such as clay, paint and photography, among others—to express their feelings about their treatment. “Art therapy, quite simply, is a form of psychotherapy using art media to express feelings instead of using words to express feelings,” said Vaughn, who is also

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011 | 5

a licensed marriage and family therapist. “It’s an alternative to getting people in a support group and making them talk.” Currently, patients are making art journals, which are visual journals about their cancer experience, he added. Patients create images based on an emotional theme, such as hope or fear, to place into their journals. “Duke oncology as an entity recognizes that there is more to treating cancer than seeing a doctor and getting chemotherapy and radiation,” Vaughn said. “We are an adjunctive system, a holistic approach to cancer treatment.” Whereas doctors work to slow and manage the growth of cancer, psychotherapists handle the emotional fallouts that come from having cancer and going

Embedded perspective

REEM ALFAHAD/THE CHRONICLE

Freelance photographer Benjamin Lowy speaks at a reception for his book on the Iraq War.

through cancer treatment, he said. The medical team and therapists in the program work in tandem with each other to assist each patient. The second support group, titled Mind-Body Approaches to Coping with Cancer, uses a combination of physical and mental techniques to help patients deal emotionally. Mind-body awareness therapy relates to how a person’s thoughts affect the physical condition of their body, said Tracy Berger, licensed marriage and family therapist and a facilitator for the mindbody group. “Everybody’s mind worries about the future,” Berger said. “With cancer on top of it, [the mind] goes into overdrive.” In each session, patients begin by talking about why they want to learn a new strategy for coping with cancer. They then discuss the seven essential attitudes for mindfulness that are laid out in Jon Kabat-Zinn’s novel, “Full Catastrophe Living.” The session concludes with a meditation session. “It helps you to be aware of what is going on in your body [and] helps calm your mind,” Berger said. Berger added that this type of therapy helps patients outside of the group. He said one patient noted that while she was at a doctor’s appointment, she focused on her breathing rather than on the future. Her blood pressure then went down 20 points. Counselors determine which type of counseling a patient needs by learning about the aspect of his life that affects his mental health the most, Weast said. If cancer has caused stress on a particular relationship, talking about these issues with the patient in couple or family counseling can help everyone’s mental state, he added.

A key aspect of the therapy is making a patient’s issues more manageable by breaking down his concerns. “If you look at [cancer] like this one big ball, you can feel like you’re drowning,” he said. “Helping someone break all of that down into chunks helps them manage it.” The DCPSP relies on donations and volunteer services to provide the support patients need to get through their cancer. More than 100 people volunteer in the DCPSP. “We want to make sure that if people need assistance that we don’t have the barriers that would typically prevent them from accessing these services,” Corbett said. Adam Perlman, the executive director of Duke Integrative Medicine, said only using conventional medicine will not completely improve a patient’s health, he added. Integrative medicine is an attempt to combine the best of conventional medicine with mind-body awareness, Perlman said. Duke Integrative Medicine uses alternative therapies, such as massage therapy and acupuncture, to help patients cope with the physical and emotional side effects of medical treatment. Integrative medicine should not be used in lieu of conventional medicine, he said. Rather, it should help patients cope with the physical and emotional side effects of their treatment. He added that patients who undergo chemotherapy respond very well to acupuncture— and focusing on nutrition and stress management can also help maintain a good quality of life and manage pain. “We have come to recognize that you can’t separate the body from the mind,” Perlman said. “To optimize yourself, you have to focus on both.”


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STAGNATION from page 1 analysts and the public should be sure to consider median values. “It’s better to look at medians [because] they are not as sensitive to large outliers,” Boudreaux said. “If Bill Gates walks in here, the average wealth of the people in the room would rise dramatically, but the median would stay the same.” Household income should also be considered in term of household size, Boudreaux said. If a household is smaller but has a greater income, that should be noted. The average household size has decreased from 2.86 people in 1976 to 2.56 people in 2006—a 10 percent decrease, Boudreaux added. “You can’t compare households just by size,” Boudreaux said. “It is typical to also divide households by type. Back in 1976, two-thirds of all households were married couples, [but] by 2006 that was down to less than 50 percent. “ And regarding household income, Boudreaux said,

PIPELINE from page 4 Legislature is in a special session to consider its own options for directing the pipeline. “This is not a political decision,” she said, adding that when it came to White House involvement, “there was no effort to influence our decision.” Once the State Department broached the idea of a delay, Obama’s political and campaign team began floating the idea to environmental leaders and influential donors who had warned that approval of the project could dampen enthusiasm for the president’s re-election. A number confirmed discussions of the proposal over the past several days. “Because this permit decision could affect the health and safety of the American people as well as the environment, and because a number of concerns have been raised through a public process,” President Barack Obama said in a statement Thursday. “We should take the time to ensure that all questions are properly addressed and all the potential impacts are properly understood.” Senior Canadian officials and TransCanada chief executive Russ Girling said Thursday that they remain optimistic the pipeline would win final approval. “We remain confident Keystone XL will ultimately be approved,” Girling said in a statement, adding, “this project is too important to the U.S. economy, the Canadian economy and the national interest of the United States for it not to proceed.” The company said in a statement that among the 14 routes already reviewed by State officials was one that “would have avoided the entire Sandhills region and Ogallala Aquifer and six alternatives that would have reduced

THE CHRONICLE

there has actually been a 32 percent increase in household median income—once adjusted for the 10 percent decrease in household size—in the past 30 years, evidence that negates the stagnant middle class argument. When broken down by married and single categories, the median household saw other increases, with the single female household, for example, seeing the highest increase of 55 percent in income in the last 30 years. Worker pay—including benefits—in the 1976-2006 period saw similar increases, Boudreaux said, rising as high as 28 percent, according to the consumer price index. Boudreaux also compared the prices of common items and how many hours a worker had to work for the item in 1976 versus in 2006. A worker in 1976 needed to work 155 hours to buy a typewriter, tires and a microwave. Yet a worker in 2006 could buy the modern equivalents after working just 60 hours, he said, noting that this is evidence of both economic and technological advancement. Alex Herskowitz, Law ’11 and an associate in research in the Office of the Dean of the Law School, asked Bou-

dreaux about the relative versus the absolute increase in happiness, particularly related to the growth of the wealth of the upper class. Boudreaux said that about two-thirds of the increase in income of the wealthiest 20 percent of the population is a result of various statistical anomalies. “The chief reason is globalization,” he added. “If you have people who are highly productive, they can reach more customers with an expanding global economy.” Herskowitz attended this event last year as well, after taking a class related to the subject matter. “There was one particular seminar on the relationship between happiness and decision making,” he said. “I am very interested in the political implications of happiness and inequality.” After the event, Jonny Havens, a second-year law student noted that Boudreaux presented an argument that is rarely heard. “It was very interesting to see a different perspective on the current wealth issue, the one percent side of the 99 percent argument,” Havens said.

pipeline mileage crossing the Sandhills or the aquifer.” National Wildlife Federation President Larry Schweiger said the pipeline had crystallized the issue of climate change and corporate influence over national policy in a way few other issues had in recent years. “Many Americans are today tired of corporations calling the shots in Washington. This is a shot called not by the corporations, but by the voices of the people who were outside the fence of the White House on Sunday,” he said. “This is a sleeping giant, and they have awakened the giant of the environmental movement.” Proponents of the pipeline, meanwhile, said the delay would cost Americans jobs and do nothing to address the country’s ongoing dependence on imported oil. Stephen Brown, vice president of government affairs for the Tesoro oil refinery, said Obama was lucky that R-Nebraska Gov. Dave Heineman, had come out against the pipeline. “Terrible decision for the energy future of the country; brilliant decision for the president’s re-election campaign,” Brown wrote in an email. “And the administration owes a debt of thanks to the Republican leaders of Nebraska for providing an escape hatch on this.” Jane Kleeb, executive director of the environmental group Bold Nebraska, said the bipartisan nature of Nebraskans’ opposition helped sway the decision. “We stuck together, despite differences in what is on our voter registration cards, and stayed focused on stopping the pipeline from destroying the Sandhills and risking the Ogallala Aquifer,” she said. It remains unclear whether the delay will mean what the Sierra Club’s executive director, Michael Brune, called “the death knell for a pipeline that never should have been considered.” Brune and other environmental leaders fo-

cused on the global warming implications of the project, which would transport oil that is unusually energy-intensive to extract. Glenn Hurowitz, a senior fellow at the Center for International Policy, warned that environmentalists might be celebrating prematurely. “Let’s not delude ourselves,” he wrote in an email. “President Obama is just kicking the climate can down the road to a point when he may not even be the one to make the decision.” It is uncertain how oil companies now expanding operations in Alberta would react. Pipeline experts said that by adding pumping stations, companies could boost output on existing pipelines. “The same oil will get down to the Gulf Coast as long as economics are compelling, even if Keystone gets nixed,” said an oil analyst who requested anonymity to preserve his business relationships with TransCanada. Valero Energy, the largest refiner in the United States, said in a statement that “any delay in opening the Keystone XL pipeline extension is unfortunate for our nation,” adding that “this decision is due to a small and misguided group of extremists who fail to realize that fossil fuels will continue to be consumed because they are efficient and economically viable.” Several Republican congressional leaders and presidential candidates, including Newt Gingrich and Jon Huntsman, criticized the decision as a blow to the economy. “Once again, President Obama has demonstrated that he cares more about appeasing radical constituencies than making energy more affordable for American families and businesses, creating more American jobs and lowering our dependence on oil from unfriendly nations,” Gingrich said in a statement.


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DUHS from page 1 “The Maestro Care electronic health record implementation will transform our ability to deliver the very best in quality health care services to patients throughout the Duke Medicine network and is aligned with our core value of ‘caring for our patients, their loved ones and each other,’” Dzau wrote in an email Thursday. “A system-wide EHR will be essential in supporting future strategic efforts related to care redesign and population health management.” The EHR system implementation follows the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, Ferranti said. The acts mandate that health care providers and hospitals adopt certified electronic health records. Several health systems in the region, including Wake Forest Baptist Health and University of Virginia Health System, have either installed Epic or are in the process of doing so, said Heidi Cozart, clinical director of Computerized Provider Order Entry and Health Analytics/IT Patient Safety. Within DUHS, Maestro Care will go live first in outpatient ambulatory clinics, with 45 different clinics going live by July 2012, Karen Rourk, director of the Maestro Care Ambulatory Project, wrote in an email Thursday. Duke Hospital, the new Duke Medicine Pavilion and Cancer Center and all revenue cycle systems are set to go live July 2013, Ferranti said, adding that Duke Health Raleigh Hospital and Durham Regional Hospital will follow in 2014. Increasing access In all of its hospitals, DUHS currently utilizes a homegrown electronic records program—eBrowser—that contains patient labs, pathology and radiology reports and other pertinent patient information, Ferranti said. All of the information on eBrowser will be converted as a part of the project. One limitation of eBrowser is that it does not accommodate the flow of information and patient records between hospitals. Maestro Care will eliminate those issues. “All of the information from Durham Regional [will be] ready and available for the providers and clinicians,

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011 | 7

so you really get the picture across Duke Medicine of the patient and all of the encounters that they’ve had,” Cozart said. Maestro Care will enable patients to access their records online, Ferranti said. There are also ways to exchange data with non-Epic health systems. Currently, patients who receive care at

“One patient, one record, one health system.” — Dr. Jeffrey Ferranti, DUHS chief medical information officer Duke Medicine can sign a document releasing information from their visit to their primary care physicians. This document, Cozart said, could be adjusted in order to release their information legally to other hospitals in the Epic records system. “It’s not all inclusive, but it certainly lays the foundation for beginning to share information… beginning to break down the walls beyond Duke,” she said. Cozart added that there are numerous measures to protect patient privacy in the new electronic system, including Duke’s own strict security guidelines. ‘A win-win’ Prior to launching Maestro Care, all Duke Medicine employees will be trained in the Epic software. “All of the [software] analysts are certified in using Epic,” Rourk said. “We have selected six physician champions that were also trained on the system and will lead content design in the specialty clinic areas.” The core team that is leading the transition to Maestro Care must undergo a regimented certification process at the Epic center, including in-classroom lessons, project work and exam work, Cozart said. This training—mostly for those involved with inpatient clinics—is already underway and should be completed in December. DUHS will not start training other users until April or May of 2012, Rourk added. Ferranti also noted concerns about introducing tech-

nology into physician-patient relations. “There’s always that fear that if you put a computer in a room with a doctor and a patient, it will negatively affect the interaction,” he said. Providers are largely in control of how they want to incorporate the technology into their care, Cozart said. “There are risks, but not cons,” Cozart said. “[Having] one [health care] record across the entire system is a win-win.” EHR used in a ‘meaningful way’ Under federal law, physicians are required to use EHR technology in a “meaningful way,” Ferranti said. Meaningful use includes reporting statistics that describe the quality of care a health system is providing. This includes documenting efforts to encourage patients to quit smoking and recording up-to-date allergy and prescription lists for at least 80 percent of patients. The federal government incentivizes doctors to report such data, he noted. “[Meaningful use] is really emphasizing that providers should have a tool to help facilitate what they naturally should be doing as health care providers,” Cozart said. “When it is all electronic and it’s all in one place, it does become more meaningful because there’s a way to know that health care providers are actually using EHR in an appropriate way.” Cozart added that Epic will help achieve meaningful use by organizing and standardizing the system. With many patients moving between hospitals, a major goal will be assuring continuity in the way patients are treated at each institution. “Maestro Care provides an opportunity for us to have a single, seamless EHR across Duke Medicine,” Ferranti said. “One patient, one record, one health system.” Julian Spector contributed reporting.

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FRIDAY November 11, 2011

Duke puts its bowl hopes on the line against the surging Cavaliers. PAGE 9 Check out our live blog from Cameron Indoor Stadium during the season opener.

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OPENING DAY DUKE vs BELMONT FRIDAY • 9 p.m. • ESPN

DUKE at BYU FRIDAY • 9 p.m. EST

Rematch of 2008 NCAA tourney game

McCallie tries for fifth straight season opening win at Duke

by Tom Gieryn THE CHRONICLE

In 2008, Belmont nearly became the fifth No. 15 seed in NCAA tournament history to upset a No. 2 seed in the first round. At the Verizon Center in Washington, D.C., it would take the last two of Gerald Henderson’s 21 points, plus a crucial steal from DeMarcus Nelson on the ensuing possession, to give Duke a 71-70 victory over the Bruins. None of the players who appeared in that game for either side will be on the floor when Belmont visits Cameron Indoor Stadium Friday night, but the memory of that nearly-historic contest will loom large. “It made our program at that time,” Bruin head coach Rick Byrd said. “We hadn’t really come to the nation’s attention, and I think a lot of the guys that are on our team right now we were able to recruit because of the national recognition of that game.” And for Belmont, which returns nine of the eleven players that averaged double figures in minutes last season, every player counts. Byrd said he does not hesitate to use ten different players to reduce the effects of fatigue and take advantage of a balanced roster.

by Brady Buck THE CHRONICLE

Head coach Joanne P. McCallie has won all four of her season openers with the Blue Devils, and will look to keep her openinggame win streak alive against Brigham Young Friday night. No. 8 Duke will make its first-ever appearance at the Marriott Center in Provo, Utah at 9 p.m. “This is one of the more challenging openers I’ve experienced as a coach, given the distance and the talent of BYU,” McCallie said. “BYU is phenomenal in that one through five can all shoot the three.” Despite the distance, there is familiarity between the two programs. Duke defeated Brigham Young 69-54 at Cameron Indoor Stadium last year to open the season behind 33 combined points from forwards Karima Christmas and Kathleen Scheer. “They really hurt us last year inside and they have three of those four girls back and they signed [Elizabeth Williams],” Cougar head coach Jeff Judkins said. “Last year we JULIA MAY AND TYLER SEUC /THE CHRONICLE

SEE BELMONT ON PAGE 11

College basketball season starts Friday for Duke as the men take on Belmont while the women travel to BYU.

SEE W. BASKETBALL ON PAGE 11

WOMEN’S SOCCER

Blue Devils take on Radford in NCAA opener by Matt Pun THE CHRONICLE

JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE

Sophomore forward Mollie Pathman leads the Blue Devils with eight assists this season.

With nine starters back from the team that appeared in the Sweet Sixteen last year, plus a couple of key additions, Duke is poised to make a deep run in the NCAA tournament. The first test for the No. 1-seeded Radford Blue Devils (17-3-1) comes this Sunday, vs. when they host the No. 3 Big South conference Duke champion Radford (15-5-1) at 2 p.m. in SUNDAY, 2 p.m. the first round of the Koskinen Stadium NCAA tournament. Duke enters this year’s bracket with higher expectations than in recent years. Two years ago, the team barely made it into the tournament with an 8-9-4 overall record and fell in the first round. Last year, the Blue Devils had a better record than the year before, but still finished below .500 in conference play. They won two tournament games before falling to Oklahoma State. This season, though, they boast the regular-season ACC title and the top seed

in their region as they contend for a national championship. “The past two years we’ve come a long way, from barely making the tournament to making the Sweet Sixteen,” junior defender Erin Koballa said. “Now, I think we have big expectations this year, and I think we can achieve them.” With five freshmen starters in 2009 and four first-year starters in 2010, the past two squads have both been incredibly young. Nevertheless, last year’s run, which included both a comeback win and penalty shootout victory, gives this year’s team a better understanding of how to compete on the national stage. “It was very important for us to make a deeper run in the tournament last year, and to get that experience and get used to playing one high level after another high level,” head coach Robbie Church said. Because Duke has struggled at times to score early in games this season, adopting a win-or-go-home attitude for tournament time may prove valuable for the Blue Devils. The nine starters returning from last SEE W. SOCCER ON PAGE 12

JISOO YOON/THE CHRONICLE

ACC defensive player of the year Natasha Anasi will face a talented trio of Radford forwards.


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011 | 9

FIELD HOCKEY

FOOTBALL

DUKE vs VIRGINIA

SATURDAY • 3:30 p.m. • ESPN360

Bowl hopes at stake for sliding Blue Devils

Duke opens NCAA tourney with Stanford Duke could not come away with a victory in the ACC championship game last Sunday, but their defeat at the hands of the No. 1 team in the nation did not prevent them from continuing their season. The Blue Devils earned an at-large bid to the 16-team NCAA tournament field, and will take on No. 10 Stanford in Norfolk, Va. in the first round of postseason play Saturday at 2 p.m. Head coach Pam Bustin leads the program to the 11th postseason appearance in its history, and its first since 2008. Duke (13-7) will take on a Cardinal team that also lost in its conference championship game. The teams are evenly matched in their success against top opponents as well—the Blue Devils racked up seven wins over top-20 opponents, while Stanford defeated six teams in the top 20. The Cardinal (173) have appeared in four of the last five

NCAA tournaments. The contest will be a battle of two talented goalkeepers—Duke senior Samantha Nelson was one of four all-ACC selections after allowing 1.27 goals per game, and Stanford senior Ale Moss has allowed just 1.45 per contest. The Cardinal are led on offense by junior Becky Dru’s 17 goals and seven assists. Senior Stephanie Burke and sophomore Hope Burke have both breached double-digits in assists while combining for 12 goals on the season. The winner of the matchup will move on to the second round to take on the winner of No. 15 Ohio State and No. 2 Old Dominion, which is hosting the first weekend of the tournament. Duke has not faced Ohio State, but played Old Dominion twice, losing to the Monarchs in double overtime on the road but beating them in Durham. —from staff reports

SHAYAN ASADI/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Junior Conner Vernon is just five catches from Clarkston Hines’ all-time Duke reception record of 189. PHILLIP CATTERALL/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

by Zac Elder THE CHRONICLE

Duke will head to Charlottesville, Va. this Saturday for a must-win matchup against Virginia. With only three games left in the regular season, the Blue Devils have to win out if they want to be eligible for a bowl game. Last year the Blue Devils (3-6, 1-4 in the ACC) racked up 55 points in a thrilling shootout victory over the Cavaliers, but this year’s Virginia team looks nothing like last year’s squad, which won only four games all season. “We’re playing a really talented and hot Virginia team,” Duke head coach David Cutcliffe said. “The thing that Virginia is doing is playing really original-recipe football. They’re running the ball, playing really good defense and playing in the kicking game.” The Blue Devils will have to find a way to stop the Cavaliers (6-3, 3-2) on the ground. Virginia averages 190 rushing yards per game, utilizing a stable of talented running backs. Leading rusher Perry Jones has racked up almost 800 yards this season, averaging over five yards per carry. Backups Kevin Parks and Clifton Richardson have also combined for over 800 yards and nine touchdowns. The Cavaliers’ potent rushing attack is complemented by the quarterback play of Michael Rocco, who has completed over 60 percent of his passes this season, thanks in part to the outstanding play of the Virginia offensive line. Duke’s aerial attack, led by Conner Vernon and Donovan Varner, will test a Cavalier secondary that gives up 205 yards per game. The pair of wideouts are approaching Clarkston

Emmie Le Marchand and Duke will look for their first NCAA tournament victory since 2008 against Stanford.

VIRGINIA

CAVALIERS

VOLLEYBALL

6-3 (3-2)

Miami sweeps Duke

PPG RUSH/G PASS/G TD FG-FGA SACKS-YDS

UVA 25.9 190.1 237.6 27 14-20 14-91

OPP 21.7 126.3 205.3 24 9-14 8-54

At 5-foot-8 and 185 pounds, Virginia’s Perry Jones is a versatile running back who can catch passes out of the backfield— and even threw a 37-yard touchdown pass against Miami two weeks ago. Hines’ all-time Blue Devil reception record of 189. Varner is just two catches away, while Vernon needs five to tie the mark. The receivers have helped quarterback Sean Renfree throw for almost 2,200 yards so far this season. Virginia head coach Mike London expressed concern about Cutcliffe’s crafty play-calling and Renfree’s high level of execution on offense. “What [Cutcliffe] has been known to really do is make quarterbacks successful and find ways to attack coverages,” London said. SEE FOOTBALL ON PAGE 12

by Andy Margius THE CHRONICLE

For the first time in over two years, Duke fell to an ACC foe at home as Miami swept the Blue Devils 3-0 Thursday at Cameron Indoor Stadium. Frustrated by a strong Hurricane defense, Duke (17-8, 11-5 in the ACC) failed to genMiami 3 erate any susDuke 0 tained momentum throughout the course of the match. As the Hurricanes (22-3, 13-3) pulled to early leads in each of the three sets, the Blue Devils could not overcome a stagnant offensive attack, which recorded its lowest attack percentage since September 2010. “Miami’s a good team, but we held ourselves back tonight,” head coach Jolene Nagel said. “We’ve got to make sure that we allow ourselves to compete and play hard, and I don’t feel like we did that tonight.” The first set was marked by a strong service performance by Miami. Although Duke was able to keep the set competitive, the Hurricanes broke open a close set when they sent junior Lizzie Hale to the service line with a 15-11 lead. Hale served seven unanswered points to give Miami

a 23-11 lead. Duke dropped two of its next three points to lose the first set 25-12. “I feel like we needed to slow things down and do things one play at a time... so that confidence doesn’t escape us so quickly,” Nagel said. In the second set, the Blue Devils once again were stifled by Hale’s service abilities. Up 7-6, Miami sent the Menlo Park, Calif. native to the line for the second time in the night. Scoring four straight points to put Duke down 11-6, the Hurricanes took a lead they would never relinquish. While the remainder of the set saw a slight improvement in kills and errors for Duke, it was not enough as it dropped the second set 25-16. The third set picked up where the second left off. For the third time in the night, Miami jumped out to a quick lead through a strong defensive effort. The Hurricanes also launched a sustained service attack, this time from sophomore Taylor Hollins. Up 9-5, Hollins recorded a streak of five straight service points to put the Blue Devils down nine points. And for the third time in the match, Duke could do little to respond, falling 25-15 in the final set. The Blue Devils have little time to regroup before facing No. 17 Florida State Sunday. The Seminoles are undefeated in ACC play and swept Duke earlier this season.


10 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011

MEN’S BASKETBALL

THE CHRONICLE

CROSS COUNTRY

MEN’S SOCCER

Eagles await Duke takes on Blue Devils Presbyterian try to qualify in ACC semis for nationals by Shiva Kothari THE CHRONICLE

When Duke plays Presbyterian on Saturday, head coach Mike Krzyzweski has a chance to make history. Playing their second game in two days, the Blue Devils could earn Krzyzewski his 902nd career victory, which would tie him with his mentor Bob Knight as the all-time winningest coach in Division I men’s basketball history. That, of course, can only happen if Duke wins its first game, a tough early-season test against Belmont, an NCAA tournament team last year that reBlue turns all of its starters. Hose For Duke, Krzyzewski will use the vs. contest to continue solidifying his No. 6 starting lineup and determining his Duke bench rotations. The preseason saw many different lineups but the playSATURDAY, 4:30 p.m. Cameron Indoor Stadium ers are not concerned about the roles of each player on the team. “Coach [Krzyzewski] keeps telling us not to worry about our roles and try to play as hard as we can for the minutes we are out there,” Dawkins said. “If we do that, the roles will take care of themselves.” Dawkins combines with fellow guards Seth Curry and Austin Rivers to form an trio that will test the Blue Hose defense. “Their one, two, three men are absolutely tremendous,” Presbyterian head coach Gregg Nibert said. “They can score in so many different ways. You just cannot stop everything.” Presbyterian last played Duke in 2008, in an 80-49 loss, and returns three starters from that game—guards Pierre Miller and Josh Johnson and center Al’Lonzo Coleman, all redshirt seniors. The Blue Hose will look to use the lessons learned in the previous trip to Cameron Indoor Stadium to counter the raucous home court atmosphere. “[The returners] have been able to talk to the team about how intense the crowd is and how we have to go in there, be poised with a lot of confidence,” Nibert said. “We need to try to keep the crowd out of the game the best we can.” Coleman will be a key for the Presbyterian, as he is their second-leading returning scorer with an average of 13.3 points per game last year, and is their best post player. Presbyterian will look to feed him early and often. “We think Al’Lonzo Coleman is one of the best down on

This Saturday when the Blue Devils line up for the start of the NCAA Southeast Regional meet, they will be racing for the chance to extend their season for another nine days to compete at the NCAA championships. The men are setting out to make history as they race in Louisville, Ky. Saturday. If they qualify for the NCAA championship meet, it will be the first time in program history that the team has made three consecutive trips to the championships in Terre Haute, Ind. To do this, Duke—which ranks fifth among teams in the region— will have to either take a top-two finish at the regional to earn an automatic bid, or at least race well enough to merit an at-large bid. The main competition in the Southeast region will come from N.C. State, North Carolina, Eastern Kentucky and Louisville. The Wolfpack are expected to take the first spot, while the Duke and the other three schools will jockey for second and third. If the Blue Devils do not end up with a second-place finish and an automatic bid, finishing ahead of North Carolina and Louisville will help the most in securing an at-large bid due to the system the NCAA uses to choose the at-large teams. After a series of successful practices, the team is ready to take on that challenge “We are heading into the meet fit, rested and eager to run,” men’s head coach Norm Ogilvie said. “We certainly think we have a shot to [qualify for nationals] if we run well. We’re looking forward to surprising some people, and we definitely plan on finishing higher than fifth.” This year, the team will be led by seniors Andrew Brodeur and Stephen Clark. For the upperclassmen, the meet holds additional importance as their last chance to qualify for nationals. Brodeur, who has had a successful season, is focusing on helping the team secure its bid by finishing in the top 20. And like Ogilvie, Brodeur remains hopeful about the team’s ability to defy expectations, citing an automatic bid as a possibility despite Duke’s fifth-place ranking.

SEE PRESBYTERIAN ON PAGE 12

SEE CROSS COUNTRY ON PAGE 12

by Sarah Elsakr THE CHRONICLE

The Blue Devils have not lost since Oct. 22, and Friday night they will get a chance to avenge that loss. That defeat came in Chestnut Hill, Mass. against Boston College, and Duke will face the Eagles again in the ACC semifinals at WakeMed Soccer Park in Cary, N.C. The No. 24 Blue Devils (10-6-3, 4-3-1 in the ACC) are ranked for the first time since mid-October, and will look to ride the momentum from their shootout victory over No. 13 Clemson in the ACC tournaBC ment quarterfinals. Duke has vs. lost all six of its games by one No. 24 goal and outshot its opponents Duke in all of those games. Boston College (13-5-0, 4-4-0) FRIDAY, 7 p.m. WakeMed Soccer Park brings a No. 13 national ranking into the game after taking down Maryland 2-1 in the quarterfinals. ACC offensive player of the year Andrew Wenger will have to be on top of his game against the Eagles’ stout defense. Boston College’s 1.15 goals against average ranks third in the conference, and goalkeeper Justin Luthy ranks third in save percentage. Wenger had played on the back line for the last two games in the absence of Sebastien Ibeagha, whose second red card of the season earned him a two-game suspension. Ibeagha will return for the semifinal, giving the Duke defense a critical boost against Charlie Rugg and Kyle Bekker, who pace the Eagle attack. The pair of juniors has combined for 15 goals and 11 assists. Diego MedinaMendez has contributed seven assists of his own as one of the conference’s best freshmen. The Blue Devils have faced Boston College in the ACC tournament each of the last two years, and the Eagles have won both of those meetings by 1-0 scores. —from staff reports

VOLLEYBALL

Tough test in unbeaten FSU by Jackie Klauberg THE CHRONICLE

Florida State is the last ACC team with a perfect inconference record, and Duke has a chance to spoil that when the Blue Devils and Seminoles face off in Cameron Indoor Stadium Sunday at 1 p.m. Florida State swept the Blue Devils (17-8, 11-5 in the ACC) in three sets in Tallahassee over a month ago, but Seminole head coach Chris Poole thinks Sunday’s match will be more competitive, No. 17 despite the fact Florida State is FSU currently the team to beat in the vs. ACC with an impressive record of 15-0. Duke “It is a huge target on our backs and we understand that,” SUNDAY, 1 p.m. Cameron Indoor Stadium Poole said. “It is tough to go through a complete conference season undefeated. Anything can still happen at this point in the season. This is not a time to get overconfident. It is a time to take a business attitude and get the job done.” Poole does not take his team’s record for granted. “We have been very fortunate so far this season to not always play as well as we want but still find a way to win,” he said. He was not shy about praising Duke’s success so far this season behind a talented, veteran lineup. “They certainly have a great defense and a lot of experienced players,” Poole said. “They are a well-disciplined team all around. You’ve just got to hope that your hitters are on and that we are able to keep them SEE VOLLEYBALL ON PAGE 11


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011 | 11

W. BASKETBALL from page 8

BELMONT from page 8

really struggled with Duke’s zone.” The Cougars went on to finish first in the Mountain West Conference with a 25-9 record, but fell to Utah in the conference tournament and could not secure an at-large bid to the NCAA tournamnt. In the WNIT, Brigham Young reached the Sweet Sixteen. This season, the team relishes the opportunity to host an elite program in Duke for its season opener. “It was great for [our program] to get this series,” Judkins said. “I’m glad we are playing Duke. We will learn how to play against really good athletes, a well-coached team and a wellbalanced team. [This game] sets the tone for our season.” Entering its inaugural season in the West Coast Conference, Jenkins will have a younger squad after losing three starters to graduation. Brigham Young will rely heavily on its two returning starters from last year, Kristen Riley and Haley Steed. Riley averaged 8.9 points and 5.4 rebounds per game last season at center, and Steed chipped in with 8.5 points per game at point guard. After struggling in the half-court game against the Blue Devils last season, the Cougars hope to push the tempo to get easy baskets and create openings for their three-point shooters. Like Brigham Young, Duke lacks experience after losing Christmas, Jasmine Thomas and Krystal Thomas. In their absence, the Blue Devils will turn to sophomore Chelsea Gray to spearhead the offense. The 5-foot-11 guard averaged 8.7 points per game as a freshman and is poised for a breakout year. “She is talented beyond measure—one of the best passers I’ve seen,” McCallie said. “She is always in attack mode.” Duke will also look for immediate contributions from highly touted freshman Elizabeth Williams in her first collegiate start. The 6-foot-3 center averaged 19 points and seven rebounds in the Blue Devils’ two exhibition games. “Her talent is obviously significant, she has a great head, she can play very physical basketball and she can run the floor better than most post players in the country,” McCallie said. “It is just a matter of time before she goes ka-boom.” A difficult season opener on the road should help this young Blue Devil team get used to hostile locales outside of conference play in anticipation of the postseason. “We’re not hosting [the NCAA tournament] this year,” McCallie. “The long run is NCAA games will be played on the road in different environments so we might as well get used to it now.”

The Bruins are led on the floor by 6-foot-3 Ian Clark, an efficient scorer and pesky defender whose 12.2 points per game earned him first-team All-Atlantic Sun recognition last season. He is joined on the preseason All-Atlantic Sun team by big men Mick Hedgepeth and Scott Saunders, whom Duke associate head coach Steve Wojciechowski called “ACC-level post players.” The duo combined to average 23.0 points, 11.1 rebounds and 1.7 blocks per game last season. Still, Byrd acknowledges that his team will face a size disadvantage against Miles and Mason Plumlee and Ryan Kelly. “We’ve got a couple of guys who are pretty good and pretty big, but they’re not Plumlee big or Kelly big,” Byrd said. “And Kelly presents a particularly tough defensive assignment because of his perimeter abilities.” But Byrd’s biggest concern is preparing his team to face the Blue Devil defense. “Duke is difficult to prepare for because they switch so much stuff, but they don’t do it with absolute consistency,” Byrd said. “I’d like to hear what they’re told sometimes, because you can watch video and it seems like one time they’ll switch a screen and next time they won’t. So what do I tell our players, other than to try to be unpredictable?” Despite his uncertainty, his team will be no pushover for the No. 6 Blue Devils. The Bruins led the nation in scoring margin last season, beating their opponents by an average of 17.5 points per game while draining 9.3 3-pointers per contest. “We’re going to have to play an outstanding defensive game—keep them out of transition, try to limit their threepoint shots and really battle their two centers and try to limit their scoring opportunities,” Wojciechowski said. And then there’s the history. Belmont has not forgotten the Cinderella story that it nearly wrote three and a half years ago against Duke. “I think it may end up being the one game that I remember the most about,” said Byrd, who is entering his 24th year as Bruin head coach. His team had made the postseason in each of the two years prior to the matchup, but it had been embarrassed both times, at the hands of UCLA by 34 points and Georgetown by 25. So the game’s first defensive possession was hardly encouraging for 6-foot-5 forward Will Peeples and his teammates. “I came down and saw Kyle Singler,” Peeples said, “I thought I played a pretty good defensive possession and he shot a 19-foot jumper fading away, and nothing but net. I thought, ‘It’s going to be a long night.’” But Belmont hung with the Blue Devils, never letting Duke lead by more than seven. With 8:29 to play, the Bruins still hung within two points. “I just kept expecting them to run away with it at some point,” Peeples said, “Then I look up and see seven or eight minutes left and we’re still in a two-point game... and I think, ‘I’ll be damned. Maybe we can win this game.’” Buoyed by a growing anti-Duke crowd, Byrd’s confident squad dictated play through the final minutes. A pair of made free throws by Justin Hare would give Belmont a 70-69 lead with 2:02 left, and the Bruins were in the driver’s seat. But Henderson went coast-to-coast with 11.9 seconds left to give Duke back a one-point advantage. Nelson stole the inbound pass on the ensuing Belmont possession. He was fouled immediately, but missed the free throw, and Peeples pulled down the rebound. After a timeout, he threw the ball in to Hare, whose half-court heave rimmed out. “I still tell people we should’ve won that game. I think we outplayed them,” Peeples said. “I stand by the fact that that night, we were the better team.”

VOLLEYBALL from page 10 out of their offense as much as possible.” The hitter Poole will count on most will be Jekaterina Stepanova, who leads her team in kills with 273. The Seminoles (21-4, 15-0) also currently rank second in the conference in terms of hitting percentage, behind only Miami. Duke head coach Jolene Nagel will counter with Sophia Dunworth and her 271 kills against a stout Florida State defense, which leads the ACC in blocks by a relatively large margin. But despite conference-leading numbers in several categories, Poole has been sure to keep his team focused and humble. “I think teams that are out in the lead at this point of the season sometimes start taking that lead for granted,” Poole said, “and that is a dangerous place to be because when you go on the road, it is very easy for other things to be distractions. [This] will to be a battle, no doubt.”

JULIA MAY [TOP] AND TYLER SEUC [BOTTOM]/THE CHRONICLE

Elizabeth Williams and Austin Rivers will make their regular season debuts for the Blue Devils Friday night.


12 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011

THE CHRONICLE

W. SOCCER from page 8

CROSS COUNTRY from page 10

year’s tournament team may provide the leadership necessary to bring about this approach. “In NCAA tournament time, there’s no lapse time,” said Church. “If there’s been anything with us this year—and there hasn’t been much—it’s at times we’ve had a little bit of lapse at the beginning of games.... They realize that once a game kicks off, we’ve got to focus, we’ve got to concentrate and we’ve got to really put our stamp on the game.” Although the returning starters provide a very strong foundation, two additions to the lineup give the Blue Devils an even greater advantage. Sophomore defender Natasha Anasi, who earned ACC defensive player of the year honors, has led Duke’s back line to the nation’s seventh-best goals against average, and freshman forward Kelly Cobb led the team in goals and points despite a midseason ankle injury. This year’s Blue Devils may also face an easier path to the championship than their predecessors. Last year, Duke had to open play at a neutral site against a California team led by U.S. national team star Alex Morgan and appearing in its 12th tournament in 13 years. In contrast, Radford is making just its fifth tournament appearance in school history, and the Blue Devils will enjoy the luxury of playing in the familiar confines of Koskinen Stadium. Still, Duke will not be taking the Highlanders lightly. Forwards Sahar Aflaki, Julie Ruh’e and Mary Wiley, who have combined for 20 goals on the season, give the Highlanders multiple scoring threats. “I was very impressed with their top three players,” Church said. “We’re going to have to be sharp in the back because they can score and they score quickly.” Having just completed eight weeks of play in the nation’s most competitive conference, unfamiliar foes may be a welcome sight for Duke. “I think the key is nameless, faceless opponents,” Koballa said. “We don’t really know much about these teams. And I think as a team, we respect every other team enough to bury them in the ground.”

“I’m certainly looking at it as coming into the end of my cross-country career,” Brodeur said. “I really want to make it count. I think we still have a chance to get in on an automatic bid.” The women are also eager for the chance to race in the NCAA championship, and, like the men, will race with confidence. “We’re feeling pretty fresh and excited to go out and race,” senior Esther Vermeer said. “I’m confident in our abilities and that we can make it.” The men and women face similar challenges. The women’s main competition at the regional meet will come from N.C. State, Virginia and North Carolina. In order to remain competitive in terms of qualifying for nationals, Duke will need to cross the finish in front of one of these teams and secure a third-place spot. Given their current ranking, a third-place finish would be an upset, but head coach Kevin Jermyn feels like his runners have reached a new level of preparation. “They know we want to move on to nationals,” Jermyn said. “They know where we’re at. They know we’re not ranked among the top two or three teams in the nation.... With our training, we feel more prepared for this meet than certainly any of our other competitions.” Vermeer, who along with her classmate Suejin Ahn and junior Madeline Morgan, has been a frontrunner for the Blue Devils this season, is looking at the meet as her last chance to travel to nationals with her team. In hopes of assisting her teammates to take a top-three spot, Vermeer is looking to place in the top 25 individually and earn All-Region honors. “It would be a great end to the season if we make it and kind of a disappointment if we don’t,” Vermeer said. “There’s a lot riding on this race.”

FOOTBALL from page 9 “He does a great job of creating situations or throws— formations or run plays off play-action pass fakes—that complement each other.” Coming off last week’s 49-14 loss at Miami, the Blue Devils have to regroup if they want a shot at playing postseason football this year. “Physically, in a lot of facets of the game, we got dominated,” Renfree said. “We have a challenge this week to be more physical and more aggressive. Virginia is a physical team as well, so it’s going to be who wants it more.” For the Cavaliers, especially the team’s seniors, this Saturday’s game is perhaps more significant than matchups against the Blue Devils in past years. Not only is this year’s Virginia team poised to play in a major bowl game and maybe even compete for an ACC championship, but the Cavaliers have also lost to Duke three years in a row. “It’s written about, it’s talked about, so they understand that,” London said. “The third-years have been here during those games, and so they know its 0-for-3 right now. The only thing you can do is play the game on Saturday.”

PRESBYTERIAN from page 10 the block players,” Nibert said. “Hopefully we can get it down there to Al’Lonzo and he can go one on one.” Coleman is just one of many returners from last year’s team, which ended the 2010-11 season with a 13-18 record, but did defeat an NCAA tournament team in Princeton and win three of its last five games. They will look to improve on last season to challenge in the Big South, and will count on their experience against the Blue Devils. Along with the three seniors, the Blue Hose return leading scorer Khalid Mutakabbir. Mutakabbir, a junior guard, averaged 13.5 points per game while playing 38.9 minutes per game, an average which placed him among the nation’s leaders in minutes played. “We do feel experience and leadership is a big strength of ours,” Nibert said. “We have three redshirt seniors and Khalid, who probably played the most basketball of any other kid the country. We really have four guys with a lot of experience.” Overall, the veteran Presbyterian squad is looking forward to the early-season challenge. “We are really excited about coming in there,” Nibert said. “We are going to try to go there and do our absolute best against one of the top teams in the country.“ If the Blue Devils do defeat both Belmont and Presbyterian over the weekend, there could be even more history to be made in the following week, as Krzyzewski looks to become the sole owner of the wins record.

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The Duke defense, led by safety Matt Daniels, will need to be more effective against the run this weekend against the Cavaliers.

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

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14 | FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011

Show Duke the money As of June 30, 2011, Duke Duke’s endowment ranks University’s endowment was as one of the least transparent invested in more than 4,000 among national universities, individual funds whose ag- earning a D grade in a recent gregate value totaled ap- College Sustainability Report proximately $5.7 billion. This Card survey. This is just one represents a assessment, but editorial 24.5 percent inother evidence crease over its suggests that we fiscal year 2010 value, putting can do a better job of disclothe University endowment’s sure. The University’s endowgrowth in line with the nation- ment is currently operated al average of 19.8 percent. by DUMAC, a professional While the positive returns investment management orcome as good news for the ganization controlled by Duke University’s financial health, University. While DUMAC they also rekindle concerns provides long-term targets for of how exactly the University asset allocation, it does not achieves these gains. As the disclose its current asset alloglobal financial climate con- cation, what funds it invests in tinues to call for more trans- and what particular equities— parency, Duke’s endowment and other assets—make up should follow suit in provid- those funds. ing more disclosure on its As an entity whose core holdings. mission is to support the Uni-

So DSG voted that only DSG should be able to select candidates... Now THAT sounds like a fair use of the vote.......... —“T-12” commenting on the story “Senate bans YT write-in candidates.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

versity in perpetuity, DUMAC places a heavy emphasis on long-term risk management. With this in mind, why not periodically disclose an updated breakdown of asset allocations within DUMAC’s overall portfolio? DUMAC’s website even publishes a historical analysis that favorably pits the volatility of the University endowment against a blended mix of both stock and bond indices, so the lack of disclosure seems to unnecessarily raise questions on how the University’s financial lifeline is invested. The University shouldn’t just stop here, though. Even with a breakdown of what types of assets the endowment invests in, assessing the riskiness of a portfolio without knowing what types of companies the University is invest-

ing in—or even what types of funds receive our money— remains difficult. Although it may be impractical to publish every stock or bond that University funds are invested in, DUMAC should proactively seek to reassure us that the companies and firms they support are not only risk-aware, but also ethically sound. It’s difficult for the University to improve its brand—as a green campus or one that supports human rights—if our endowment is invested in firms that actively undermine those values. One lasting argument for this secrecy is that keeping an exact list of holdings secret can provide a competitive advantage over peer endowment management firms. While this may be true, one can also point to firms like Berkshire

Hathaway—Warren Buffet’s holding company—as successful investment managers who fully disclose their entire equity holding portfolio to the public. Buffet’s success as a long-term value investor seems to undermine the competitive advantage argument, and it also eliminates any doubt behind what his portfolio truly invests in. Just because DUMAC manages money does not mean it is an independent hedge fund whose sole purpose is to outperform the market. It represents an extension of the University, and we believe that more disclosure will assuage fears that the types of investments the endowment makes do not fall in line with the fundamental values of Duke University.

My MRS degree

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SANETTE TANAKA, Editor NICHOLAS SCHWARTZ, Managing Editor NICOLE KYLE, News Editor CHRIS CUSACK, Sports Editor MELISSA YEO, Photography Editor MEREDITH JEWITT, Editorial Page Editor CORY ADKINS, Editorial Board Chair MELISSA DALIS, Co-Managing Editor for Online JAMES LEE, Co-Managing Editor for Online DEAN CHEN, Director of Online Operations JONATHAN ANGIER, General Manager TOM GIERYN, Sports Managing Editor KATIE NI, Design Editor LAUREN CARROLL, University Editor ANNA KOELSCH, University Editor CAROLINE FAIRCHILD, Local & National Editor YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Local & National Editor ASHLEY MOONEY, Health & Science Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, Health & Science Editor TYLER SEUC, News Photography Editor CHRIS DALL, Sports Photography Editor ROSS GREEN, Recess Editor MAGGIE LOVE, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Recess Photography Editor SOPHIA PALENBERG, Online Photo Editor DREW STERNESKY, Editorial Page Managing Editor CHRISTINE CHEN, Wire Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Multimedia Editor MOLLY HIMMELSTEIN, Special Projects Editor for Video CHRISTINA PEÑA, Towerview Editor RACHNA REDDY, Towerview Editor NATHAN GLENCER, Towerview Photography Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Towerview Creative Director TAYLOR DOHERTY, Special Projects Editor CHRISTINA PEÑA, Special Projects Editor for Online LINDSEY RUPP, Senior Editor TONI WEI, Senior Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Recruitment Chair CHINMAYI SHARMA, Blog Editor MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at http://www.dukechronicle.com. © 2010 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

E

ver since I was a little girl, my parents work and family responsibilities is an issue that and adult role models told me that the confronts many collegiate women today: nearly world was my oyster, and that the fastest 48 percent of women between the ages of 18 way to find the pearl was by dediand 64 have children at home, cating myself wholeheartedly to for whom they are the primary pursuing an education. Aspiring caregivers. And a new national Dr. Doktor? A few years of medistudy shows that more women cal school and I’d be there. Laware willing to accept a lower salyer? I would have my J.D. in no ary in order to better accommotime. Teacher, businesswoman, date their family responsibilities. astronaut? With a college degree And many women are willing to I could do anything. scale back their careers to make leilani doktor time for kids. But there was a time not so long ago when a female co-ed But what about the women make her say did not work towards the achievewho don’t want to give up their ment of her wildest professional career for a family? They are ofdreams, but rather dreamed of graduating with ten faced with the difficult position of finding a sparkly ring on her finger. Such an aspiring a partner or nanny who can stay at home with housewife knew that in the hallowed halls of the kids. These may be sacrifices that have the nation’s top universities she would find to be made in some situations, but I do not the nation’s most eligible bachelors. Although understand why a woman would put herself some maintain that this term is outdated in through over four years of school and spend a society where there is such a wealth of edu- tuition dollars just to find her perfect guy, cational and professional opportunities for when the results are never as tangible or peryoung women, I still hear the phrase thrown manent as a degree in a subject that you’re around once in a while. An MRS degree gener- passionate about. ally comes with the negative connotations of a No matter your views on motherhood, findgold digger or a trophy wife, but I am proud to ing your significant other in college can be a say that I fully intend to graduate with my very compelling argument. The running jokes at own MRS degree. information sessions that “you better book the A Program II version of it at least—I plan to Chapel now for your wedding” and commentary graduate with a “Minimum Requisite for Self- on love at Duke during convocation speeches happiness” (MRS) degree. As a college woman only work to up the ante to find a partner. With I feel enormous pressure to do it all—become such expectations about our looming futures, a successful career person, a loving wife and a it is easy to understand the pressure to find a devoted mother—so it seems that the culture of significant other. effortless perfection that dominates my Duke Thus, I have decided to graduate with my life has pervaded my entire life philosophy. version of an MRS degree. Just as we struggle But this notion of effortless perfection is pre- with the effortless perfection everyday here cisely the term we must fight against in order at Duke, all women who aspire to have more to counteract the derogatory attitude towards than just the family or the career struggle aspirations of marriage and family life. with effortless perfection as well. So what we Over the course of the past two weeks, I have should all aspire to before we graduate is the spoken with several people about the notion of fulfillment of our personal “Minimum Requian MRS degree, and I find myself struggling site for Self-happiness,” regardless of our mowith my understanding of motherhood. For tivations. those who prioritize creating and nurturing a We all came to college for different reasons. family, marriage seems to be a desirable first Whether that was to become a doctor, lawyer step. Raising a family is still a societal norm or whatever else you believed you could be, I associated with women, and it hasn’t changed am sure that what each of us is graduating with much over the years regardless of growing op- is at least a little different from our original portunities for women in education and ca- plans. Our desires are always changing, but the reers. Signs of rising expectations for women basic message is still there: We can grow up to are shown in the fact that women earned 50 be anything we want to be. percent of bachelors degrees in business in 2001 and 2002 in comparison to the 9.1 perLeilani Doktor is a Trinity sophomore. Her colcent in 1970 and 1971. Balancing educational, umn runs every other Friday.


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What’s your struggle?

W

hen was the last time you struggled? Was it a personal, academic or an external struggle? How often do you struggle and how do you emerge from a situation that can either make or break you? So far as a sophomore, I have a different viewpoint on the struggles that I have faced as an individual. Just like a lot of college students, I tend to struggle with my personal and academic identity. I altegan joseph ways turn it around for my mosugu own good, however. Freshman year was a gruebe fierce, be real some year. I felt as if I was going through the pits of hell academically and socially. I came in to Duke with the intent of being pre-med—that didn’t go so well. In the midst of the hustle of it all, I realized that my true calling was not in being a doctor. I began to realize my passion for issues relating to law and social entrepreneurship. This leads me to struggle number two. This is a gray area, and most people don’t usually tend to talk about. I have also struggled with my sexuality. There comes a point in your life when you have to be aware of your interests. For a long period of time, I switched back and forth on my preferences thinking that I was straight, gay or even, to a point, asexual. I realized I was straight only when I took the high road and decided to be a little promiscuous. I also struggle when I think about my life after Duke. You might be like me, uncertain about going straight into the workforce or going to graduate school immediately after college. Maybe you aren’t sure about what you are even going to major in or where your Duke career will lead you. The first couple of weeks in my sophomore year, I had a conversation with myself. I weighed the possibility of “Plan A” not working out and everything going the opposite way. For the first time in my life, I was not worried. Why? There comes a point where I did not get that which I had desired. I did not get that grade or that position I was interested in. But, that was not the end of it. Rather, that should be a stepping stone for us as individuals to reinvent ourselves in the most unique way possible. There is a famous adage that says, “When the going gets tough, the tough get going.” When it seems that all hope is lost, we just begin to realize that a new story is just beginning. Life has a way of turning things around, even when we think that our individual stories have ended. We all obviously don’t welcome struggles, but the whole act of struggling is inevitable. Once you are caught up in it, you never know the outcome. I am glad that I’ve reached a point in my life where I have become accustomed to several aspects of struggling. I don’t enjoy all the stress associated with it, but I do take a lesson or two from it. When I look back at it all, I’m glad that I was able to pass through that burning fire. I may not be victorious all of the time and I may feel like less than who I am, but that does not stop me. It just gives me that extra passion to do something that I’d never have pictured doing. Oddly, it is in a way that kind of fuel that gives me the energy to go. Maybe we need to revisit the way we view struggles. Everyone struggles and we probably are not the first person to be going through that challenge or conflict. Somewhere out there someone has faced something quite similar, but we just might never know or hear his or her story. Oprah Winfrey once said, “Where there is no struggle, there is no strength.” With a strong sense of self, faith and perseverance, realistic goals or dreams are unstoppable. We find the strength that we need to keep achieving in so many ways beyond our wildest dreams. Struggles should refine us and make us stronger and wiser. I believe that those who stand the test of time are those who can take the heat at any time. If you do not struggle, you aren’t really living life. Make that struggle part of your picture or story. Don’t let it stop you or make you reconsider your choices in life. Take complete control of the moment, no matter how bad it gets to be that individual to which you aspire to be. Even history teaches us that groups of people at certain times struggle! Tegan Joseph Mosugu is a Trinity sophomore. His column runs every other Friday.

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FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2011 | 15

Want to write for The Chronicle and share your opinion with the Duke community? Apply to be a spring columnist! Email mlj14@duke.edu for an application.

Thanksgiving

I

was staring at the crude representation of a turkey one breaking news story (like a detailed PowerPoint for a few moments before I realized it was the im- presentation) or by something as seemingly far away as print of my nephew’s hand. I put it on my refrigera- graduation. Why do we need a temporal landmark in tor (sweet amenities of Central), because order to look back and reflect? I never that’s the type of thing you’re suppose to realized how fast time moves until I endo with hand-turkeys. I was in a room full rolled in the educational summer camp of friends wearing costumes two weeks of Duke University. And I also never realago and will be in a room full of relatives ized how sweet it is to have free courtside wearing their “Sunday best” in two more seats until my Duke graduate sister sat weeks. As finals move closer it’s easy to me down for a talk. forget to slow down and, in the spirit of She spoke of tenting, face paint and Thanksgiving, be grateful. As the events being a Cameron Crazie. She warned travis smith of this past week remind us, it can all be how quickly things will change once I savor the flavor taken away very quickly. graduate. Seats get worse and prices skyA week ago Joe Paterno was being rocket. That isn’t even speaking of which hailed as a genius octogenarian football coach and direction the team will go in, especially after Coach K now he’s out. His Penn State football team was 8-1 and retires. Last year we were the undisputed preseason ranked 12th in the land and in contention for a Big Ten number-one team in the nation and the odds-on choice Championship. Joe had just notched his 409th career to repeat as national champions. Then things went toevictory, making him the all-time winningest Division I tally to hell. Now, Coach K is reloading and reinventing football coach. JoePa was a God. Penn State told us they Duke’s lineup after losing Nolan Smith, Kyle Singler did things the right way. Then, like discovering Santa and Kyrie Irving, while keeping an eye down Tobacco doesn’t exist, the heinous truth cost Paterno his posi- Road at this year’s Carolina-blue powerhouse. He can tion. I have not seen a faster fall from grace since Tiger do it. After all, sometime next week he will become the Woods smashed his Escalade into his own mailbox two all-time winningest coach in college basketball history. Thanksgivings ago. It is deplorable to see the selfish- This achievement is due in large part to the lack of a ness of a man who chose to protect the image of his tailgate before tip-off. program over the safety of so many helpless children. I As my sister was grateful for the view from her seats, am sure that is something he is thinking about tonight. I am grateful for turkey handprints. All too soon, my Anyone want a JoePa statue? nephew won’t think sticking his hand in paint and mailMost of us haven’t experienced that type of fall from ing his creation to me is the coolest thing in the world. grace, instead working hard to nurture our mental and This Thanksgiving, in the midst of the end of semester physical balance and ensuring both luxury and stability and holiday madness, remember to think in a broader in our futures. We see a corner office, business cards perspective and be grateful for where you are and those with our name capitalized and 401(k)’s. Duke is just who got you there. Things change quickly. a stepping stone to a big world we have been studying for years to enter. This tunnel vision can be abruptly Travis Smith is a Trinity junior. His column runs every brought to a halt, however, as quickly as the release of other Friday.


PERRY from page 4 Nixon, the Republican candidate, was the winner. Those watching on television saw Nixon appearing unshaven, uncomfortable and sweating. To them, his more telegenic opponent, Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy, had the edge, Tolchin said. In 1976, during a debate with Democratic challenger Jimmy Carter, President Gerald Ford slipped in describing the Soviet Union's influence over Eastern European nations in its bloc. “There is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe, and there never will be under a Ford administration," Ford said. "Each of those countries is independent, autonomous.” In 1988, Democratic candidate Michael Dukakis, the Massachusetts governor and a longtime opponent of capital punishment, was asked whether he would support the death penalty if his wife were raped and murdered. “I don't see any evidence it's a deterrent, and I think there are better and more effective ways to deal with violent crime,” he replied. That response confirmed for many voters that Dukakis was a technocrat detached from emotion, said Leonard Steinhorn, a communications professor at American University in Washington who was a volunteer speech-writer for the governor's campaign. “Dukakis’ answer was somewhat cold and bloodless,” Steinhorn said in an interview. Vice presidential candidates also have “stepped in it,” as Perry characterized his debate performance today

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on NBC's “Today” program. In 1992, retired Admiral James Stockdale, running with businessman Ross Perot on a third-party ticket, said during a debate with his counterparts, “Who am I? Why am I here?” Voters had the same questions, and Perot and Stockdale were outrun by Democrats Bill Clinton and Al Gore. In a 1988 debate, Republican vice presidential candidate Dan Quayle, an Indiana senator running with George H.W. Bush, said he had “as much experience as Jack Kennedy” did before Kennedy ran for president. Quayle's Democratic rival, Lloyd Bentsen, pounced. “Senator, I served with Jack Kennedy, I knew Jack Kennedy. Jack Kennedy was a friend of mine. Senator, you're no Jack Kennedy,” said Bentsen, a longtime Texas senator. Bloopers haven't always defined candidacies or killed careers. Americans' concerns with Quayle's qualifications didn't prevent the election of the Republican ticket. Four years earlier, after a lackluster performance in a debate that raised concerns about his age, President Ronald Reagan in a rematch turned the point in his favor against his Democratic challenger, former Vice President Walter Mondale. “I am not going to exploit for political purposes my opponent’s youth and inexperience” he said to laughter from the audience—and from his opponent. Perry's stumble last night was substantial, Tolchin said. “That's a significant thing to forget,” she said. “He could be somebody brand new and he'd be in great trouble.”

NIXON from page 4 the conversation she accidentally erased a few minutes by hitting the wrong button on the tape recorder when she answered the phone. Woods “always denied that the buzz that she heard” after her mistake “was no more than four-and-a-half to five minutes, and she cannot explain how 18 minutes could have occurred,” Nixon testified under oath. “If you are interested in my view as to what happened, it is very simple. It is that it was an accident.” He said an investigation led by White House aide Alexander Haig, who later served as secretary of state under President Ronald Reagan, found no one purposely erased the tapes. “As far as some third person, another person getting to it and erasing it, I, first, I know of no such person, I haven’t heard of any person, and, second, I know of no motive,” Nixon said. The former president acknowledged talking about paying $200,000 to $300,000 in legal fees for his two top aides, Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, both of whom went to prison for their roles in the Watergate scandal. At the time, Nixon said he didn’t want to ask them to resign, and if they had to leave, “I thought I had an obligation and I would like to be able to tell them that I would help out with regard to their fees.” Two weeks after that conversation, both men resigned. Nixon defended the actions of his “plumbers” unit, which broke into Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist’s office after he leaked the Pentagon Papers and his administration’s wiretapping practices, which targeted journalists among others.

“A lot of our sources dried up for some time after the Pentagon Papers came out” in 1971 because they feared they could no longer speak in confidence to U.S. officials, Nixon said. “The ending of a war and the killing of Americans was delayed” because of Ellsberg’s leak, he insisted. He also said that “when confidential information is put out that costs one American life, I think the one that puts it out should go to jail for it.” Nixon also testified that opponents were able to listen to his conversations during his unsuccessful 1962 gubernatorial campaign in California, and that the FBI was instructed to bug his 1968 presidential campaign plane. Bugging was “common practice by the other side,” he said. “What I am pointing out here is not that our campaign was pure; what I am pointing out also is not that theirs was all that bad, but what I am saying is that having been in politics for the last 25 years, that politics is a rough game,” he said. In an opening statement to the grand jury, he asserted that presidents needed to know that their conversations would be confidential. “It is necessary for his advisers to believe that they can give him their unvarnished opinions without regard and without fear of the possibility that those opinions are going to be spread in the public print,” he said. Nixon, who was elected president in 1968 and won a second term in a landslide four years later, died in 1994 at age 81. His grand jury testimony occurred nine months after his successor, President Gerald Ford, granted him a “full, free, and absolute pardon” for any potential crimes committed during his presidency.

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