T H E I N D E P E N D E N T D A I LY AT D U K E U N I V E R S I T Y
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011
ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 40
Napolitano addresses current Gadhafi killed American ‘immigration dilemma’ in rebel custody by Mary Beth Sheridan THE WASHINGTON POST
part of the solution to the economic hole we’ve dug ourselves in.” Napolitano detailed the consequences of the DHS’ recent changes in deportation practices and border security. She noted that the DHS strives to prioritize the deportations of illegal immigrants who are also criminal offenders rather
TRIPOLI, Libya — Former Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi was killed in rebel custody on Thursday after being seized in a sewage tunnel in his hometown, the final triumph for pro-democracy fighters who have struggled for eight months to take control of the country. Gadhafi’s death came on a day of intense military activity in Sirte, the last loyalist holdout in Libya, where his supporters had fended off better-armed revolutionaries for weeks. Before his capture, an American drone and French fighter jets fired on a large, disorganized convoy leaving the city that he appears to have been in. It was not clear whether the airstrikes hit Gadhafi’s vehicles, North Atlanti c Treaty Organization officials said. Gadhafi was shot in the head during an exchange of gunfire between his supporters and revolutionaries as he was being whisked away from the tunnel in a truck, according to Mahmoud Jibril, the interim prime minister. But cellphone videos played on Arab-language TV stations showed an already bloodied and dazed Gadhafi being escorted to the truck, raising questions about exactly when he was hit. One of Gadhafi’s sons, Mutassim, and his army chief of staff were also slain, officials said. The taking of Sirte and Gadhafi’s death marked the climax of a war that was backed by an unprecedented NATO air campaign aimed at protecting civilians. Thursday’s events clear the way for the appointment of a temporary government that is to steer the country toward elections. Gadhafi, thought to be 69 when he died, ruled the country for 42 years, and he had vowed to fight to the death in Libya rather than concede defeat to a popular uprising. He was a brutal, and often unpredictable, autocrat and led this oil-rich nation virtually single-handedly, banning opposition parties and a free press and mandating study of
SEE NAPOLITANO ON PAGE 7
SEE GADHAFI ON PAGE 8
IRINA DANESCU/THE CHRONICLE
Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano speaks Thursday evening in the Sanford School of Public Policy. by Joel Luther THE CHRONICLE
The United States’ immigration system must undergo serious reform in the next few years, Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano said. Napolitano, the former governor of Arizona, spoke to an overflow crowd at the Sanford School of Public Policy Thursday evening.
She highlighted current security issues facing the nation and the steps the United States has taken to mitigate them. The event was part of the Terry Sanford Distinguished Lecture Series. “Over the next few years, over the long term, we are going to have to address our immigration dilemma so that the economy can grow,” Napolitano said. “That’s going to have to be
STEM jobs Dzau praises Duke Med’s progress in demand, pay more by Anna Koelsch and Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE
by Chinmayi Sharma THE CHRONICLE
The money lies in the numbers. Careers and degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields are among the highest-paying and fastest-growing of any occupational areas, researchers at the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce have found. STEM jobs also have a smaller salary gap between men and women compared to other fields, according to the study published Thursday. “We were working on a broader research study on occupational fields, and our initial
Duke Med had its annual check-up, and its outlook is optimistic. Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of the Duke University Health System, praised the recent successes of DUHS in his annual State of Duke Medicine address Thursday but also described the need for change in light of uncertain economic times and federal health care legislation.
“I’m not President [Barack] Obama, but change is afoot, and we need to understand, and we need to embrace change,” Dzau said. “It’s an opportunity to lead, not to despair.” Dzau began by acknowledging some of the health system’s successes from the past year. Dzau noted the recent hiring of 10 new department chairs as well as the arrival of Dr. Michael Kastan as executive director of the Duke Cancer Institute Aug. 1.
SEE DUKE MED ON PAGE 5
TYLER SEUC/THE CHRONICLE
SEE STEM ON PAGE 6
Blue Devils look to bounce back against Wake Forest, Page 9
Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock speaks in Griffith, Page 3
Duke ends road swing against Boston College, Page 10
2 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011
Democrats select pastor for faith outreach efforts
The Rev. Derrick Harkins, a popular District of Columbia pastor with a shaved head and a remarkable resume, was named Thursday to lead faith outreach for a Democratic Party seeking to bolster support for President Barack Obama among black and religious voters. Harkins is the first member of the faith outreach staff that the party has announced for the 2012 election. In 2008, the campaign made strides in attracting religious voters long considered GOP property, particularly white evangelicals. Recent polls show weakened support for Obama among such groups, and some experts on faith outreach say Harkinsâ€™s work with progressive and conservative evangelicals in particular could help. â€œI think they realize the excitement isnâ€™t there from the first campaign, which was like a revival,â€? said Terry Lynch, executive director of the Downtown Cluster of Congregations and a longtime activist.
Life is a shipwreck but we must not forget to sing in the lifeboats. â€” Voltaire
onschedule at Duke... Global Cafe International House, 9:30-10:30a.m. The International House will serve free coffee, tea and pastries for all attending students, staff and administrators as they join old friends or make new ones.
Controlling Nanoscale Connectivity Seminar
IQ shows ability to rise or Use of cell phones does fall in the teenage brain not raise risk of cancer Researchers have found that IQ can rise or fall during the teen years and that the brainâ€™s structure reflects this uptick or decline. The result offers the first direct evidence that intelligence can change after early childhood and provides new hope for boosting the brainâ€™s abilities.
LONDON â€” Mobile telephones do not raise the chance of developing central nervous system cancers, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal. The project studied 358,403 Danish mobile-phone subscribers aged at least 30 from 1990 to 2007.
FFSC 3232, 10-11:20a.m. Professor John Boland, hosted by Professor Jie Liu, will talk about the nanoscale as a route to novel materials and devices. Refreshments will be served.
Fall Seminar Series LSRC A312, 10-11:30a.m. Bill Holman, director of state policy for the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, will discuss financing watershed protection and new initiatives.
Food Fest Bryan Center Plaza, 4:30-6:30p.m. Organized by the International Association, this event will have student clubs serve free food from different cultures.
TODAY IN HISTORY 1959: Guggenheim Museum opens in New York City.
â€œDuke freshman Austin Rivers has been selected to the 12-player Wayman Tisdale award preseaon watch list, the U.S. Basketball Writers Association announced [Thursday]. The award is given annually to the best freshman basketball player in the country.â€? â€” From The Blue Zone bluezone.dukechronicle.com
St. Ursula Day British Virgin Islands
TYLER SEUC/ THE CHRONICLE
The Oct. 20 Recess article â€œâ€˜La Danseâ€™ brings ballet to the screenâ€? said ballet originated in 14th century France. Ballet originated in 15th century Italy. The Chronicle regrets the error.
Duke Dhamaka performs at liveWISER, a showcase to benefit the WISER school in Muhuru Bay, Kenya.
Chapel Hill Pediatrics and Adolescents
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FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 3
Spurlock explores brand Fuqua to offer MMS placement in recent film degree program in UAE by Raisa Chowdhury THE CHRONICLE
Not just anyone can convince corporate sponsors to pay someone to satirize them. Morgan Spurlock, director of the Oscarnominated documentary, “Super Size Me,” spoke Thursday in Griffith Film Theater at an event co-sponsored by the Duke University Union’s Speakers and Stage committee and Freewater Presentations. Spurlock spoke with humor and snippets of seriousness about the production of his film, “The Greatest Movie Ever Sold,” released in April, which explores product placement, marketing and advertising. The movie is funded entirely by product placement and
BRITTANY ZULKIEWICZ/THE CHRONICLE
Morgan Spurlock, director of “The Greatest Movie Ever Sold,” speaks Thursday night in Griffith Film Theater.
features brands prominently. Spurlock discussed the frustration of calling up more than 600 brands before convincing the film’s first sponsor—Ban Deodorant—to contribute to the movie. When he approached Abercrombie and Fitch about product placement, for example, the woman at the clothing company asked him if he wanted to know why he was not Abercrombie material. “‘You’re not very attractive—and by not very attractive, you’re not handsome at all. And that thing on your face... a moustache? We’re selling clothing, not pornography,’” Spurlock recalled her telling him, to which he replied, “I’ve seen your advertisements. I disagree.” Sophomore Forrest Etter, vice president of operations of the DUU Speakers and Stage committee, said the event was overall very successful based on the laughter and unexpectedly high turnout. One audience member, senior Kevin Nguyen, said he deliberately brought McDonald’s food to the event in reference to “Super Size Me,” Spurlock’s 2004 documentary on the influence of the fast food industry and the health effects of McDonald’s food in particular. “I had seen ‘Super Size Me’ previously and really enjoyed the film,” Nguyen said. “I know how much everyone at Duke eats at McDonald’s, so I thought that was an interesting point.” Spurlock noted Nguyen for his choice of food. SEE SPURLOCK ON PAGE 5
by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE
Students will now be able to receive a new Duke degree in Dubai. Faculty approved a new degree program to be offered in the United Arab Emirates at Thursday’s Academic Council meeting. The Fuqua School of Business will offer a two-year Master’s of Management Studies in Finance degree, which will be similar to the MMS-Foundations of Business program currently provided in Durham. Jennifer Francis, senior associate dean for programs and Douglas and Josie Breeden professor at Fuqua, did not specify when the program will begin. “We are excited by the high interest by faculty in this new endeavor,” Francis said. The program will be unique because it will attract students with more work experience, Francis said. She noted that Fuqua faculty members are confident in the use of this model because it is based on similar systems implemented in other programs. Francis emphasized that Fuqua administrators chose to expand to the UAE because it is relatively westernized compared to other countries in the Middle East. Faculty members noted that cultural immersion will benefit the students but expressed concern that the social differences between the United States and the UAE would affect the program ad-
versely—specifically in terms of gender inequality. “Administrators have been proactive in implementing a strategy to break down the gender barrier in the classroom,” Francis said, adding that Fuqua plans to hire both male and female faculty and teaching assistants. The program will be conducted by Fuqua faculty already in Dubai, and Fuqua will not hire new full-time members, Francis said. She added that Fuqua plans to hire adjunct and non-tenure track professors to teach part time. “Students can look forward to a true immersion experience where they will be closely advised and monitored by [teaching assistants],” Francis said. Kerry Haynie, associate professor of political science, said he was concerned that the lack of regular-rank faculty might prevent the program from issuing a degree that meets Duke’s standards. “There should be assurance that [Fuqua] will offer Duke-quality programs [in Dubai],” Haynie said. In other business: Provost Peter Lange addressed lessons learned from the development of DukeNational University of Singapore Graduate Medical School and how they could apply to Duke’s expansion into China— primarily Duke Kunshan University. SEE COUNCIL ON PAGE 8
4 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011
ith Jenâ€™nan Read Q&A with by Caroline Fairchild THE CHRONICLE
In the wake of Moammar Gadhafiâ€™s death, the people of Libya are celebrating and reflecting on the end of a 42-year-old dictatorship. Jenâ€™nan Read, associate professor of sociology and global health, escaped the country in 1987 and has a half-brother who stayed to fight on the front lines in Tripoli against Gadhafiâ€™s dictatorship. Read was also recently reunited with her father, who remained behind in Libya when she escaped, for the first time in 24 years. The Chronicleâ€™s Caroline Fairchild spoke with Read about what Gadhafiâ€™s death signifies for Libyaâ€™s, as well as her own, future. The Chronicle: What was your initial reaction when the news broke that Gadhafi had been killed? Jenâ€™nan Read: I woke up and didnâ€™t get that excited about it because I thought, we have heard this before. I knew this was going to happen; it was inevitable; it just was a matter of when. But, Iâ€™ve counted on my fingers how many times I have heard it, so when I first heard it I just went about my day. TC: Have you been able to get in contact with your family members who are still in Libya? JR: Iâ€™ve been here on Skype emailing back and forth, but we canâ€™t get a phone call through the Internet. The problem is that the infrastructure for the technology is bad to begin with, so I am sure now it is just chaos with everyone flooding the lines. I am sure I will get a hold of them later. I know everyone is OK, which is the most important, but I am very eager to talk to them. TC: When the revolution began in February is this how you predicted it would come to an end? JR: No, actually. I thought by April, Gadhafi would have completely squashed all the opposition. I was super excited about it, but after living in Libya for 14 years, I just knew how easy it was for Gadhafi to divide and conquer. In the 40 years on, people had been socialized and brought up in a state of fear, and I didnâ€™t have any confidence that people would be able to overcome that fear and the danger that Gadhafi was posing. I just thought it wouldnâ€™t go any further. But when the [United Nations] and the West rallied around and started reporting it, thatâ€™s when I started to have hope. Isolated and alone, the resistance wouldnâ€™t have succeeded.
TC: How do you think you brother feels right now as well as the rest of the resistance force who was fighting against Gadhafi? JR: I think there is going to be a huge, emotional, exhaustive relief. I can only imagine because I am not there, but it has been such a roller coaster. One day you hear they have taken a town and one day you hear that they have been pushed back. So it has been this tug of war inching forward successes but with this huge loss of lives. You can only imagine how exhausting that must have been not just on the fighters themselves but on their families. Itâ€™s been a rough six or seven months. TC: U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon commented Thursday on how this is the beginning of a new era for Libya. What does that statement mean to you? JR: This has been the question behind all the differ-
SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE
Professor Jenâ€™nan Read escaped Libya in 1987, but her brother remained in the country to help fight against Gadhafiâ€™s dictatorship.
ent revolutions that has swept across the Arab world: what is going to happen after?.... I have to think that there is going to be some rough times in establishing some sort of new government; there are just so many bad things to undo, and the infrastructure of the country is falling apart. But I am a little more hopeful because I donâ€™t think that the West has taken the same approach with Libya as with other countries. We want to support internal infrastructure and government and not oppose. I think those that are the smartest about this understand that none of these countries are going to look like Western democracies, and the idea that they will is flawed. Democracy is a different term in the Middle East than it is here, and if we set as our objective to measure Libyan success post-Gadhafi as â€œdo they look like a developed Western country?â€? that is a flawed approach.... We have to give it time and not expect something that mimics some image of what it should look like. TC: In 1969, Gadhafi said â€œI will not leave the country. I will die as a martyr in the end.â€? Do you think he achieved this goal? JR: He is definitely not a martyr. I avoid calling him crazy, because that gets him off the hookâ€”he was not crazy. I think that it is a sad but fitting legacy for him that he would rather see his countrymen and family die just so he could prolong his existence because everyday he stayed on the face of this earth, that was another day people suffered. He is no way near a martyr. In sort of a sick way, the way he dragged out his death reflects the values that he exhibited during his dictatorship TC: On a more personal level, what does Gadhafiâ€™s death mean to you and your family? JR: I think my kindergarten daughter summed it up very well.... I had to explain why I couldnâ€™t read a book to her class that day, so I whispered into her ear, â€œGadhafi is dead.â€? and she said, â€œYay! That means we can go to Libya.â€? I hadnâ€™t even thought about that but that is a very practical truism that now we can go back to Libya and be safe traveling there. That sums up to me that it is not the people in Libya who are free, but it is the people who have ties to Libya that are free as well. Those prison bars are gone.
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