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The Chronicle

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

ONE HUNDRED AND SEVENTH YEAR, ISSUE 40

WWW.DUKECHRONICLE.COM

Napolitano addresses current Gadhafi killed American ‘immigration dilemma’ in rebel custody by Mary Beth Sheridan THE WASHINGTON POST

part of the solution to the economic hole we’ve dug ourselves in.” Napolitano detailed the consequences of the DHS’ recent changes in deportation practices and border security. She noted that the DHS strives to prioritize the deportations of illegal immigrants who are also criminal offenders rather

TRIPOLI, Libya — Former Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi was killed in rebel custody on Thursday after being seized in a sewage tunnel in his hometown, the final triumph for pro-democracy fighters who have struggled for eight months to take control of the country. Gadhafi’s death came on a day of intense military activity in Sirte, the last loyalist holdout in Libya, where his supporters had fended off better-armed revolutionaries for weeks. Before his capture, an American drone and French fighter jets fired on a large, disorganized convoy leaving the city that he appears to have been in. It was not clear whether the airstrikes hit Gadhafi’s vehicles, North Atlanti c Treaty Organization officials said. Gadhafi was shot in the head during an exchange of gunfire between his supporters and revolutionaries as he was being whisked away from the tunnel in a truck, according to Mahmoud Jibril, the interim prime minister. But cellphone videos played on Arab-language TV stations showed an already bloodied and dazed Gadhafi being escorted to the truck, raising questions about exactly when he was hit. One of Gadhafi’s sons, Mutassim, and his army chief of staff were also slain, officials said. The taking of Sirte and Gadhafi’s death marked the climax of a war that was backed by an unprecedented NATO air campaign aimed at protecting civilians. Thursday’s events clear the way for the appointment of a temporary government that is to steer the country toward elections. Gadhafi, thought to be 69 when he died, ruled the country for 42 years, and he had vowed to fight to the death in Libya rather than concede defeat to a popular uprising. He was a brutal, and often unpredictable, autocrat and led this oil-rich nation virtually single-handedly, banning opposition parties and a free press and mandating study of

SEE NAPOLITANO ON PAGE 7

SEE GADHAFI ON PAGE 8

IRINA DANESCU/THE CHRONICLE

Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano speaks Thursday evening in the Sanford School of Public Policy. by Joel Luther THE CHRONICLE

The United States’ immigration system must undergo serious reform in the next few years, Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano said. Napolitano, the former governor of Arizona, spoke to an overflow crowd at the Sanford School of Public Policy Thursday evening.

She highlighted current security issues facing the nation and the steps the United States has taken to mitigate them. The event was part of the Terry Sanford Distinguished Lecture Series. “Over the next few years, over the long term, we are going to have to address our immigration dilemma so that the economy can grow,” Napolitano said. “That’s going to have to be

STEM jobs Dzau praises Duke Med’s progress in demand, pay more by Anna Koelsch and Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE

by Chinmayi Sharma THE CHRONICLE

The money lies in the numbers. Careers and degrees in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields are among the highest-paying and fastest-growing of any occupational areas, researchers at the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce have found. STEM jobs also have a smaller salary gap between men and women compared to other fields, according to the study published Thursday. “We were working on a broader research study on occupational fields, and our initial

Duke Med had its annual check-up, and its outlook is optimistic. Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of the Duke University Health System, praised the recent successes of DUHS in his annual State of Duke Medicine address Thursday but also described the need for change in light of uncertain economic times and federal health care legislation.

“I’m not President [Barack] Obama, but change is afoot, and we need to understand, and we need to embrace change,” Dzau said. “It’s an opportunity to lead, not to despair.” Dzau began by acknowledging some of the health system’s successes from the past year. Dzau noted the recent hiring of 10 new department chairs as well as the arrival of Dr. Michael Kastan as executive director of the Duke Cancer Institute Aug. 1.

SEE DUKE MED ON PAGE 5

TYLER SEUC/THE CHRONICLE

SEE STEM ON PAGE 6

Blue Devils look to bounce back against Wake Forest, Page 9

Filmmaker Morgan Spurlock speaks in Griffith, Page 3

Duke ends road swing against Boston College, Page 10


2 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

THE CHRONICLE

worldandnation

Democrats select pastor for faith outreach efforts

The Rev. Derrick Harkins, a popular District of Columbia pastor with a shaved head and a remarkable resume, was named Thursday to lead faith outreach for a Democratic Party seeking to bolster support for President Barack Obama among black and religious voters. Harkins is the first member of the faith outreach staff that the party has announced for the 2012 election. In 2008, the campaign made strides in attracting religious voters long considered GOP property, particularly white evangelicals. Recent polls show weakened support for Obama among such groups, and some experts on faith outreach say Harkins’s work with progressive and conservative evangelicals in particular could help. “I think they realize the excitement isn’t there from the first campaign, which was like a revival,� said Terry Lynch, executive director of the Downtown Cluster of Congregations and a longtime activist.

“

Life is a shipwreck but we must not forget to sing in the lifeboats. — Voltaire

on the

web

TODAY:

6542

SATURDAY:

6439

onschedule at Duke... Global Cafe International House, 9:30-10:30a.m. The International House will serve free coffee, tea and pastries for all attending students, staff and administrators as they join old friends or make new ones.

Controlling Nanoscale Connectivity Seminar

IQ shows ability to rise or Use of cell phones does fall in the teenage brain not raise risk of cancer Researchers have found that IQ can rise or fall during the teen years and that the brain’s structure reflects this uptick or decline. The result offers the first direct evidence that intelligence can change after early childhood and provides new hope for boosting the brain’s abilities.

LONDON — Mobile telephones do not raise the chance of developing central nervous system cancers, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal. The project studied 358,403 Danish mobile-phone subscribers aged at least 30 from 1990 to 2007.

FFSC 3232, 10-11:20a.m. Professor John Boland, hosted by Professor Jie Liu, will talk about the nanoscale as a route to novel materials and devices. Refreshments will be served.

Fall Seminar Series LSRC A312, 10-11:30a.m. Bill Holman, director of state policy for the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, will discuss financing watershed protection and new initiatives.

Food Fest Bryan Center Plaza, 4:30-6:30p.m. Organized by the International Association, this event will have student clubs serve free food from different cultures.

TODAY IN HISTORY 1959: Guggenheim Museum opens in New York City.

�

“Duke freshman Austin Rivers has been selected to the 12-player Wayman Tisdale award preseaon watch list, the U.S. Basketball Writers Association announced [Thursday]. The award is given annually to the best freshman basketball player in the country.� — From The Blue Zone bluezone.dukechronicle.com

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St. Ursula Day British Virgin Islands

CORRECTION

TYLER SEUC/ THE CHRONICLE

The Oct. 20 Recess article “‘La Danse’ brings ballet to the screen� said ballet originated in 14th century France. Ballet originated in 15th century Italy. The Chronicle regrets the error.

Duke Dhamaka performs at liveWISER, a showcase to benefit the WISER school in Muhuru Bay, Kenya.

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THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 3

ACADEMIC COUNCIL

Spurlock explores brand Fuqua to offer MMS placement in recent film degree program in UAE by Raisa Chowdhury THE CHRONICLE

Not just anyone can convince corporate sponsors to pay someone to satirize them. Morgan Spurlock, director of the Oscarnominated documentary, “Super Size Me,” spoke Thursday in Griffith Film Theater at an event co-sponsored by the Duke University Union’s Speakers and Stage committee and Freewater Presentations. Spurlock spoke with humor and snippets of seriousness about the production of his film, “The Greatest Movie Ever Sold,” released in April, which explores product placement, marketing and advertising. The movie is funded entirely by product placement and

BRITTANY ZULKIEWICZ/THE CHRONICLE

Morgan Spurlock, director of “The Greatest Movie Ever Sold,” speaks Thursday night in Griffith Film Theater.

features brands prominently. Spurlock discussed the frustration of calling up more than 600 brands before convincing the film’s first sponsor—Ban Deodorant—to contribute to the movie. When he approached Abercrombie and Fitch about product placement, for example, the woman at the clothing company asked him if he wanted to know why he was not Abercrombie material. “‘You’re not very attractive—and by not very attractive, you’re not handsome at all. And that thing on your face... a moustache? We’re selling clothing, not pornography,’” Spurlock recalled her telling him, to which he replied, “I’ve seen your advertisements. I disagree.” Sophomore Forrest Etter, vice president of operations of the DUU Speakers and Stage committee, said the event was overall very successful based on the laughter and unexpectedly high turnout. One audience member, senior Kevin Nguyen, said he deliberately brought McDonald’s food to the event in reference to “Super Size Me,” Spurlock’s 2004 documentary on the influence of the fast food industry and the health effects of McDonald’s food in particular. “I had seen ‘Super Size Me’ previously and really enjoyed the film,” Nguyen said. “I know how much everyone at Duke eats at McDonald’s, so I thought that was an interesting point.” Spurlock noted Nguyen for his choice of food. SEE SPURLOCK ON PAGE 5

by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE

Students will now be able to receive a new Duke degree in Dubai. Faculty approved a new degree program to be offered in the United Arab Emirates at Thursday’s Academic Council meeting. The Fuqua School of Business will offer a two-year Master’s of Management Studies in Finance degree, which will be similar to the MMS-Foundations of Business program currently provided in Durham. Jennifer Francis, senior associate dean for programs and Douglas and Josie Breeden professor at Fuqua, did not specify when the program will begin. “We are excited by the high interest by faculty in this new endeavor,” Francis said. The program will be unique because it will attract students with more work experience, Francis said. She noted that Fuqua faculty members are confident in the use of this model because it is based on similar systems implemented in other programs. Francis emphasized that Fuqua administrators chose to expand to the UAE because it is relatively westernized compared to other countries in the Middle East. Faculty members noted that cultural immersion will benefit the students but expressed concern that the social differences between the United States and the UAE would affect the program ad-

versely—specifically in terms of gender inequality. “Administrators have been proactive in implementing a strategy to break down the gender barrier in the classroom,” Francis said, adding that Fuqua plans to hire both male and female faculty and teaching assistants. The program will be conducted by Fuqua faculty already in Dubai, and Fuqua will not hire new full-time members, Francis said. She added that Fuqua plans to hire adjunct and non-tenure track professors to teach part time. “Students can look forward to a true immersion experience where they will be closely advised and monitored by [teaching assistants],” Francis said. Kerry Haynie, associate professor of political science, said he was concerned that the lack of regular-rank faculty might prevent the program from issuing a degree that meets Duke’s standards. “There should be assurance that [Fuqua] will offer Duke-quality programs [in Dubai],” Haynie said. In other business: Provost Peter Lange addressed lessons learned from the development of DukeNational University of Singapore Graduate Medical School and how they could apply to Duke’s expansion into China— primarily Duke Kunshan University. SEE COUNCIL ON PAGE 8


4 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

THE CHRONICLE

ith Jen’nan Read Q&A with by Caroline Fairchild THE CHRONICLE

In the wake of Moammar Gadhafi’s death, the people of Libya are celebrating and reflecting on the end of a 42-year-old dictatorship. Jen’nan Read, associate professor of sociology and global health, escaped the country in 1987 and has a half-brother who stayed to fight on the front lines in Tripoli against Gadhafi’s dictatorship. Read was also recently reunited with her father, who remained behind in Libya when she escaped, for the first time in 24 years. The Chronicle’s Caroline Fairchild spoke with Read about what Gadhafi’s death signifies for Libya’s, as well as her own, future. The Chronicle: What was your initial reaction when the news broke that Gadhafi had been killed? Jen’nan Read: I woke up and didn’t get that excited about it because I thought, we have heard this before. I knew this was going to happen; it was inevitable; it just was a matter of when. But, I’ve counted on my fingers how many times I have heard it, so when I first heard it I just went about my day. TC: Have you been able to get in contact with your family members who are still in Libya? JR: I’ve been here on Skype emailing back and forth, but we can’t get a phone call through the Internet. The problem is that the infrastructure for the technology is bad to begin with, so I am sure now it is just chaos with everyone flooding the lines. I am sure I will get a hold of them later. I know everyone is OK, which is the most important, but I am very eager to talk to them. TC: When the revolution began in February is this how you predicted it would come to an end? JR: No, actually. I thought by April, Gadhafi would have completely squashed all the opposition. I was super excited about it, but after living in Libya for 14 years, I just knew how easy it was for Gadhafi to divide and conquer. In the 40 years on, people had been socialized and brought up in a state of fear, and I didn’t have any confidence that people would be able to overcome that fear and the danger that Gadhafi was posing. I just thought it wouldn’t go any further. But when the [United Nations] and the West rallied around and started reporting it, that’s when I started to have hope. Isolated and alone, the resistance wouldn’t have succeeded.

TC: How do you think you brother feels right now as well as the rest of the resistance force who was fighting against Gadhafi? JR: I think there is going to be a huge, emotional, exhaustive relief. I can only imagine because I am not there, but it has been such a roller coaster. One day you hear they have taken a town and one day you hear that they have been pushed back. So it has been this tug of war inching forward successes but with this huge loss of lives. You can only imagine how exhausting that must have been not just on the fighters themselves but on their families. It’s been a rough six or seven months. TC: U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon commented Thursday on how this is the beginning of a new era for Libya. What does that statement mean to you? JR: This has been the question behind all the differ-

SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE

Professor Jen’nan Read escaped Libya in 1987, but her brother remained in the country to help fight against Gadhafi’s dictatorship.

ent revolutions that has swept across the Arab world: what is going to happen after?.... I have to think that there is going to be some rough times in establishing some sort of new government; there are just so many bad things to undo, and the infrastructure of the country is falling apart. But I am a little more hopeful because I don’t think that the West has taken the same approach with Libya as with other countries. We want to support internal infrastructure and government and not oppose. I think those that are the smartest about this understand that none of these countries are going to look like Western democracies, and the idea that they will is flawed. Democracy is a different term in the Middle East than it is here, and if we set as our objective to measure Libyan success post-Gadhafi as “do they look like a developed Western country?� that is a flawed approach.... We have to give it time and not expect something that mimics some image of what it should look like. TC: In 1969, Gadhafi said “I will not leave the country. I will die as a martyr in the end.� Do you think he achieved this goal? JR: He is definitely not a martyr. I avoid calling him crazy, because that gets him off the hook—he was not crazy. I think that it is a sad but fitting legacy for him that he would rather see his countrymen and family die just so he could prolong his existence because everyday he stayed on the face of this earth, that was another day people suffered. He is no way near a martyr. In sort of a sick way, the way he dragged out his death reflects the values that he exhibited during his dictatorship TC: On a more personal level, what does Gadhafi’s death mean to you and your family? JR: I think my kindergarten daughter summed it up very well.... I had to explain why I couldn’t read a book to her class that day, so I whispered into her ear, “Gadhafi is dead.� and she said, “Yay! That means we can go to Libya.� I hadn’t even thought about that but that is a very practical truism that now we can go back to Libya and be safe traveling there. That sums up to me that it is not the people in Libya who are free, but it is the people who have ties to Libya that are free as well. Those prison bars are gone.

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THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 5

DUKE MED from page 1 Dzau noted clinical successes within the health system during the past year, such as the development of the second largest lung transplant program in the country and a top-notch brain tumor program. “We pretty much have implemented everything on task, if not beyond task,” Dzau said. “We have generally a very strong bottom line and reserve... to build a medical center of the future.” Among the key strategic initiatives Dzau discussed were the new and ongoing construction projects for the Duke Medical Pavilion, the School of Medicine Learning Center and the Cancer Center. Dr. Nancy Andrews, dean of the School of Medicine, and Catherine Gillis, dean of the School of Nursing and vice chancellor for nursing affairs, are two DUHS leaders doing a particularly strong job, Dzau said.

TYLER SEUC/THE CHRONICLE

Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and chief executive officer of the Duke University Health System, gives the annual State of Duke Medicine address Thursday.

“[They] are knocking our socks off,” he said, noting the schools’ high U.S. News and World Report rankings. The Medical School is ranked No. 5, and the Nursing School has jumped from No. 42 to No. 7 in the last eight years. The landscape for health care providers is changing, however, and the health system will have to respond, Dzau said. “The demand for care is rising, but finances are getting ever more challenging,” he said. “We’re shifting from a great individualistic culture to a culture of teams, from autonomy to regulation.” Dzau said he supported the Affordable Care Act, but noted that it will prompt complex restructuring of the health care system. The ACA, which was signed into law by Obama March 2010, calls for an expansion of coverage to 32 million uninsured Americans and includes measures designed to lower costs and improve efficiency. Dzau noted that some uncertainties remain about the reimbursements that hospitals will receive from government programs such as Medicare and Medicaid, especially given ongoing congressional efforts to rein in the federal deficit. “I strongly believe this is a transformative act,” he said. “We all believe in it, but boy is it difficult to get through this.” Without institutional change, DUHS finances could become precarious by 2016, Dzau said, noting that its operating margin could dip below the safe level of 5 percent. This situation will be avoided with innovative institutional change. Toward this end, Dzau announced the creation of four committees—with focuses such as clinical enterprise and research enterprise—to generate ideas and recommendations for Dzau and the Board of Trustees regarding how to reshape Duke Medicine. “We need the participation of the stakeholders—our faculty, our administrators, the chairs—and people working together in a collaborative team-like approach, not one point of view but a collective point [of view],” Dzau said in an interview. Dr. Andrew Muir, clinical director of hepatology and an attendee at the presentation Thursday, said he hopes the ACA will not significantly impact DUHS. “We’re trying to be proactive but maintain our commitment to our mission,” Muir said. “We’ll see how it plays out.” Other DUHS employees said they are optimistic for the future, given Dzau’s strategic plan. “Victor Dzau has a very clear idea that is urgently needed for the future of Duke Medicine,” said Dr. Robert Jones, Mary and Deryl Hart professor of thoracic surgery. “These are some challenging times, and the health system will require some renovation—it will have to be an institution-wide effort.”

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SPURLOCK from page 3 “I love you. Thanks for coming out,” Spurlock said. “I love you, but your liver doesn’t.” DUU chose Spurlock as a speaker because he appeals to a broad audience, Etter said. “We thought that he would bring a lot of students on campus—I know there’s a lot of interest in the movies he makes, especially ‘Super Size Me,’” Etter said. “Our goal is to bring in speaking acts on campus for a variety of the population.” When asked about pirated versions of his work, Spurlock replied unconventionally. “If you’re taking the time to download my movie from Pirate Bay, watch it and talk to your friends about it, then I say ‘God bless you,’” he said Spurlock shifted to discussion of more serious themes toward the end of his talk, noting that he wanted “The Greatest Movie Ever Sold” to question where the line needs to be drawn with regard to the prevalence of advertising in everyday life. He also left aspiring filmmakers and entrepreneurs with a few nuggets of wisdom, noting a story about a small job helping at a volleyball game that eventually led him to become an announcer at the Olympics. “Be open to all opportunities,” Spurlock said. “It might not be the opportunity that you think will be best for you, but you should really capitalize on those opportunities.” After recalling how he once went into more than $200,000 of credit card debt to make a film, Spurlock ended the night with a call to action. “As you go out into your careers, you’re going to have to make a decision about how far you want to go to achieve your dreams,” he said. “I chose to go however far I needed to to make that happen. I hope all you choose to go as far as possible, too.”

Visit www.duke chronicle.com

Pre-Registration Festival

DEPARTMENT OF RELIGION Monday, October 24 5:30 – 7:00 pm York Room (Gray Building, 2nd floor)

All students welcome! • to learn about new courses and new instructors for Spring 2012 • to meet and greet other students and professors • to enjoy good food

Check the Chronicle for more information.

http://religiondepartment.duke.edu/undergraduate


6 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

work in STEM provoked more and more questions,” said Michelle Melton, a research analyst at the center and coauthor of the report. “Essentially, STEM majors make more than anyone else no matter what they become.” According to the report, 63 percent of associate degrees in STEM earn more than bachelor’s degrees in non-STEM occupations. Furthermore, 47 percent of bachelor’s degrees in STEM occupations earn more than Ph.D.s in non-STEM occupations. The study separated the STEM field into those who majored in STEM subjects and those who pursue careers in STEM fields without necessarily studying it in school. The results showed that STEM professional fields are growing and offer higher salaries than other occupations. Whether or not graduates choose to enter STEM fields, STEM-degree holders earn higher salaries than graduates with non-STEM degrees. The study also showed that more than 70 percent of STEM workers with a high school or college education

make more than the average for workers in all other occupations at the same education level. “However, many people who have STEM degrees often don’t work in STEM jobs,” Melton said. “The benefit is not just in the higher salary of a STEM position but the skill-set coming from a STEM education.” These research findings are relevant to all students, said George Truskey, senior associate dean for research in the Pratt School of Engineering and director of undergraduate studies in the department of biomedical engineering, adding that undergraduate students and high school seniors should keep the findings in mind when making academic decisions. “The numbers matter, and it can’t hurt to look at them when thinking about the future,” Truskey said. “Especially with the economy and job outlook as unpredictable as it is.” He said he does not think, however, that any student should give up on their personal passions to pursue STEM in light of these findings. In the past decade, Pratt has seen an increased number of students transferring into engineering programs

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STEM from page 1

THE CHRONICLE

and fewer students choosing to transfer out, he noted. “We hope this study will have a positive effect—it confirms a lot of things we have assumed over the years,” he said. “But students shouldn’t ‘settle’ for a STEM job. They must look at what they find enjoyable.” Potential for growth STEM jobs nationwide are expected to grow from 6.8 million to 8 million by 2018, the study found. About 92 percent of these positions will require some postsecondary education and given that many STEM students choose to enter alternative professional fields, there is a shortage of viable candidates. In North Carolina alone, the research predicts that there will be 212,820 STEM professions by 2018—an increase from 182,570 in 2008. This will constitute 4 percent of all jobs in the state in 2018, and 91 percent of these jobs will require postsecondary education. “More people are choosing to study in these fields but divert to other professions once they leave their education so the demand for STEM workers is rising,” Melton said. “This is reflected in the fact that STEM salaries have been steadily rising for the past 30 years.” Melton noted that the higher pay tied to STEM undergraduate degrees compared to their non-STEM counterparts drive more interest in STEM occupations. But as people earn more advanced degrees, they opt for other fields as the salary benefits of a STEM degree versus a non-STEM degree become less pronounced. Part of the research analyzed how career paths develop from a STEM educational background. The findings state that of 100 undergraduates, 19 graduate with a STEM degree, but only eight continue work in STEM fields 10 years after graduation. “This diversion is seen especially with women,” Melton said. “Women have all the skills and capabilities to work in STEM fields but often opt into more care-giving jobs such as [being a] doctor. Whether it is due to socialization or biological preference, more women are drawn to care-giving fields with more human interaction.” The study showed that of 100 female bachelor of arts students, 12 graduate with a STEM major but only three continue to work in STEM fields 10 years after graduation. ‘Not a free choice’ Melton said she believes the reduced salary gap between genders in STEM occupations is both a positive and negative issue. Although the salary inequality between men and women is smaller in STEM professions, more women leave the STEM track than men, she noted. Donna Lisker, associate dean of undergraduate education and co-director of the Baldwin Scholars program, said women may be forced to leave STEM professions due to reasons aside from personal preferences. “A word like choice is tricky... because there is a lot of research that shows it’s not a free choice to opt out,” Lisker said. “Women find it difficult to combine requirements of job with family time.” Part of the reason that the STEM jobs are challenging and demanding relates to the shortage of workers available to fill the positions, she added. But measures can and should be taken to remedy the unrealistic expectations for women. “The onus in some ways needs to be on the STEM field to provide a feasible work place for women with child care, health care and flexibility,” Lisker said. “Duke has looked at its family-friendly benefits for those in the STEM field here and made adjustments accordingly so that women do not need to pick between family and career.” These alterations are not meant to favor women— men can take advantage of them as well, she added. Duke, for example, has created provisions to allow its STEM employees to turn off the tenure clock in case life-changing circumstances force them to leave work and then allow to return their position. Duke has also established as well as creating parental leave instead of just maternal leave. Although Lisker said she believes these changes should be made to assist women entering these fields, women should not be pushed into STEM occupations if they lack interest in them. In Pratt, women make up 30 percent of the student body, and the administration makes active efforts to recruit women into the field, Truskey said. He added that there is a definite increase but not as fast as he would like. “We try to expose but not push one way or the other,” he said. “Our prerogative is to make this field more inviting to women not to lure them in. We care about giving the right education and advice but the choice should be their own.”


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 7

NAPOLITANO from page 1

Say ‘cheese’

than productive residents. “We have the resources to remove from the country around 400,000 people a year out of perhaps 10 million who are in the country illegally,” Napolitano said. “We’ve got to make decisions that are fair and that make sense.” She added that she supported the federal DREAM Act, which would provide a path to citizenship for students who graduated from college or served in the military. “There’s no stronger believer in the DREAM Act than I am,” Napolitano said. “If you can’t fix the overall immigration problem, let’s address those who were not culpable for being in the country illegally.” In line with border security, the Obama administration created the Southwest Border Security Initiative in 2009 in order to reduce the flow of illegal drugs. “From a southwest border perspective in particular, I’ve never seen it more secure than it is now,” she said. “We have coverage along the border. Our points of entry are very robust and facilitate the enormous amounts of commerce that need to go back and forth between... us and Mexico. It’s that combination of security and very robust land points of entry that... we want.” Napolitano also noted issues prevalent on a global scale, adding that terrorism prevention is a shared responsibility between citizens and their governments. “Shared responsibility underlies the philosophy of our government to begin with,” she said. “You don’t just hand it off to the government and wash your hands and say you’re done.” Regarding profiling, excluding a group from screening may lead to higher terror threats, Napolitano said. “The minute you say that you are not looking at certain categories, you can pretty much bet that that category will be exploited by our adversaries,” she said. Changes to border reform and profiling practices are stalled in part by political gridlock in Congress. The tense political climate is partially due to the government’s inability to solve big problems and Congress’s tendency to stray from its original intent, Napolitano said. “Congress itself is a body that was built on the notion that reasonable people debating reasonably can reach reasonable compromises, and that no one has a monopoly on ideas,” Napolitano said. “Until we retreat—on a congressional level—to that original intent, we’re going to have problems. Congress, for whatever reason, is not capable of taking up a topic like [immigration] right now.” Senior Shaoli Chaudhuri, co-president of Duke Students for Humane Borders, said the DHS does not always seem to enact immediate change. “While we understand [Napolitano] doesn’t make the policy, we feel that the administration is playing a waiting game on comprehensive immigration reform,” Chaudhuri said. Napolitano said she encourages Duke students to consider careers in public service. “If you’re a student at Duke, you probably have lots of different types of roads that you can take, but the public service road is very fulfilling—it’s very challenging,” Napolitano said. “It demands the most of you intellectually; it demands a lot of your stamina; and it demands that you constantly be thinking about something that’s bigger than yourself.... That in the end is what public service is really about.”

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AUDREY ADU-APPIAH/THE CHRONICLE

Members of the Duke community gather at the Nasher Museum of Art to experience ‘Art for All,’ an event promoting art initiatives on campus.


8 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

THE CHRONICLE

GADHAFI from page 1 his “Green Book,” which prescribed a supposed rule by the masses. Gadhafi was the first leader to be killed in the Arab Spring uprisings, and photos of his blood-smeared face quickly spread across the region, sending a powerful message to both dictators and demonstrators elsewhere, much like photos of former Egyptian ruler Hosni Mubarak being hauled before a court. Libya erupted in joy as word of his capture and death flashed across Arab-language channels. In Tripoli, celebratory gunfire was so heavy that airspace over the city was closed to traffic. “This is the moment we were fighting for. Finally we got rid of the dictator!” exclaimed Sharif Hakim, 37, who wore the camouflage uniform of the revolutionaries and joined a singing, dancing crowd in downtown Tripoli. Jibril said Gadhafi was not slain upon capture. Officials and fighters in Sirte, however, gave varying details during the day of how the killing occurred. Fighters on the ground told Reuters that Gadhafi and a handful of his men appeared to run from their convoy after the NATO bombing and take shelter in two drainage pipes. “At first we fired at them with anti-aircraft guns, but it was no use,” Salem Bakeer said while being feted by his comrades near the road. “Then we went in on foot.” The prime minister said Gadhafi was discovered with a group of supporters in a sewage pipe in Sirte, armed with a pistol and wearing pants and a long-underwear shirt, a far cry from his famously flamboyant outfits. He did not resist arrest. As Gadhafi was being walked to a truck, however, he was shot in the right arm in an exchange of gunfire between his supporters and revolutionaries, Jibril said. The truck then got caught in crossfire as it headed toward a hospital, and Gadhafi was shot in the head, Jibril said. “That was the deadly shot,” he said in an interview. The former leader died shortly thereafter, he said. But cellphone videos showed Gadhafi being loaded on a truck, blood spattered on his face and chest, suggesting he was wounded before boarding the truck. “We got you!” revolutionaries in camouflage yelled as they crowded around the wounded former leader. A doctor took samples of Gadhafi’s DNA, blood and saliva to confirm his identity, Jibril said. The doctor also clipped off pieces of the former dictator’s hair, only to discover he was wearing a wig, according to the prime minister. Gadhafi’s reign ended in late August, when revolutionaries flooded the capital. Now, the question is whether forces united in their hatred of Gadhafi can come together and govern a country that has never known democracy. “The challenge was, and still is, to regain security in the cities,” which are effectively under the control of local militias and awash in arms, Jibril said in an interview. Gadhafi leaves such a vacuum that interim leaders are not even sure what kind of laws they can use to try the thousands of pro-Gadhafi prisoners detained during the conflict. Different tribes may jockey for power, and conflicts are likely between Islamists and more secular Libyans.

COUNCIL from page 3 “These things take time—it is after five years that we are able to report back on the status of Duke-NUS,” Lange said. Lange said Duke’s presence in China will attract “topflight” faculty and students from the area. He stressed that there is now more research literature coming from eastern Asia as opposed to the United States. Additionally, the recently created global priorities committee and the China Faculty Council presented their goals for the year. The global priorities committee will have two functions— to assess University and academic proposals during the creation and implementation of the global programs, and to review and elaborate Duke’s global strategy, said Jeff Vincent, global priorities committee chair and Clarence F. Korstian professor at the Nicholas School of the Environment. In addition to working with the global priorities committee, the central charge for the China Faculty Council is to create initiatives, noted the council’s chair Paul Haagen, professor of law and senior associate dean for academic affairs at the School of Law. “The focus of the committee will be to generate ideas to feed ideas to the provost’s office and to the [global priorities committee] and help shape various opportunities,” Haagen said.


10 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

THE CHRONICLE

MEN’S SOCCER

Stout Eagle defense to test Blue Devils by Alex Young THE CHRONICLE

With just two conference matches left, the Blue Devils continue their chase for home-field advantage in the ACC tournament when they take on Boston College in Chestnut Hill Saturday. Duke is looking to rebound from a No. 18 tough loss at thenEagles No. 3 Maryland last vs. weekend, and keep Blue pace in a tightlyDevils packed group at the top of the conferSATURDAY, 7 p.m. ence standings. Koskinen Stadium The matchup with No. 18 Boston College (10-4-0, 2-3-0 in the ACC) could prove decisive, as an Eagles victory would bring them within one point of the Blue Devils in the conference standings, and be a squandered opportunity for a Duke squad looking to secure a home opener in the ACC tournament. “We have a bit of a storied history with Boston College,” goalkeeper James Belshaw said. “We played them in the ACC tournament my first two years. There was a bit of revenge on our minds when we went up there last time and we lost 2-0. We were the better team that day and if we can go up there and play like we know we can, we’ll be fine.” The Blue Devils (7-5-1, 3-2-1) have spent the last week practicing on artifi-

cial turf to prepare for Newton Campus Field—home of the Eagles—which is the only turf field in the ACC. “It’s totally different [to play on turf],” head coach John Kerr said. “It’s a different game altogether. The ball keeps running away from you. Your passing has to be different. You can’t play a through ball or it’ll just roll to the goalie or out of bounds. You have to play with the ball at your feet.” The match may come down to whether the Blue Devils can control the midfield and remain disciplined on their third of the pitch, Kerr said. The head coach also said that his team’s failure to do just that last Friday against the Terrapins led to an overly fatigued back four, which allowed three second-half Maryland goals in a 4-2 loss. The Boston College attack is not as strong as the Terrapins’, but getting behind the Eagles’ defense will pose enough of a challenge. Goalkeeper Justin Luthy has already recorded five shutouts this season— tied for the ACC lead—and has allowed just 1.16 goals per game overall. “They’re well fitted,” Kerr said. “They are very conservative defensively, they tuck in well and are very difficult to break down. Even at home they like to beat you on the counterattack. They allow you to come into their half of the field, and once you’re SEE M. SOCCER ON PAGE 12

IF YOU LEAD, THEY WILL FOLLOW Interested in becoming a tour guide for the Office of Undergraduate Admissions? The Duke Tour Guides will host a brief informational meeting that will cover everything you need to know, regarding the selection process, training requirements, and scheduling procedures. Attend one of the following meetings on either Tuesday, October 25 (East Campus: White Lecture Hall #107) or Wednesday, October 26 (West Campus: Soc. Sciences #139). Both are scheduled for 7:00 PM.

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fromstaffreports Women’s basketball kicks off season with Blue/White scrimmage Fans will get a chance to watch Joanne P. McCallie’s Blue Devils for the first time this season in the annual Blue/ White scrimmage Sunday beginning at 1 p.m. at Cameron Indoor Stadium. Highly-touted freshmen Elizabeth Williams, Amber Henson and Ka’lia Johnson will make their Duke debuts in the contest. Williams competed for the United States U-19 national team over the summer at the FIBA U19 World Championships in Chile, where she averaged 8.9 points and 5.0 rebounds per game. Haley Peters and Chelsea Gray will return as starters for the team picked to finish second in the ACC. Gray was the Blue Devils’ third-leading scorer with nearly nine points a game last season, and Peters added 6.4 points per contest. Duke was chosen as the eighth-best team in the country by Athlon Sports Magazine and the sixth-best in the Sporting News College Baskeball Preview issue. Men’s basketball ranked sixth in preseason coaches poll Duke has been tabbed as the nation’s sixth-best team, according to the preseason coaches poll released Thursday. North Carolina tops the list with 774 points, including 30 of the 31 first-place votes. Kentucky followed with 721 points and the remaining top vote. The Blue Devils are only other

ACC team in the poll with 635 points, though Florida State leads the “others receiving votes” category. The Big East leads all conferences with six teams ranked in the poll, including four in the top 11. The SEC and Big 12 are both represented by four teams, and the Big 10 and Pac-12 have three each. Arizona, who beat the Blue Devils in last year’s NCAA tournament behind the play of Derrick Williams, came in at No. 16. Duke opens the season Nov. 11 at home against Belmont. Rivers selected to Wayman Tisdale Award preseason watch list Duke freshman Austin Rivers has been selected to the 12-player Wayman Tisdale Award preseaon watch list, the U.S. Basketball Writers Association announced earlier today. The award is given annually to the best freshman basketball player in the country. Three members of John Calipari’s Wildcats made the list—Anthony Davis, Michael Kidd-Gilchrist and Marquis Teague. Rivers was the only ACC player selected, and none of the Blue Devils’ scheduled opponents have players on the list. Rivers scored a combined 57 points in four games during Duke’s trip over the summer to China and Dubai for the Friendship Games. The following players were also named to the list: Bradley Beal, Florida; Chane Behanan, Louisville; Khem Birch, Pittsburgh; Andre Drummond, Connecticut; Le’Bryan Nash, Oklahoma State; Adonis Thomas, Memphis; Josiah Turner, Arizona; and Cody Zeller, Indiana.


Sports

>> BLUE ZONE

The Chronicle

FRIDAY OCTOBER 21, 2011

Lance Thomas will represent the United States at the PanAmerican Games. Why Belmont is the toughest season opener in years for Duke men’s basketball.

www.dukechroniclesports.com

WOMEN’S SOCCER

theweekend Weinberg’s two goals lift Duke FRIDAY by Matt Pun

DUKE TRIES FOR SIXTH STRAIGHT ACC WIN

THE CHRONICLE

Volleyball takes on N.C. State at Cameron at 7 p.m. for a chance at its 20th consecutive home conference win.

SATURDAY BLUE DEVILS TAKE ON DEMON DEACONS Football enters a pivotal ACC battle at Wallace Wade Stadium. Kickoff is at 12:30 p.m. BELOW

SWIMMING AND DIVING OPENS SEASON Duke heads to College Park, Md., for its first meet, beginning at 1 p.m.

MEN’S SOCCER LOOKS TO REBOUND AT BC After their seven-game unbeaten streak was snapped by Maryland last week, the Blue Devils face the No. 18 Eagles at 7 p.m. PAGE 10

SUNDAY FINAL HOME GAME FOR THE BLUE DEVILS Four women’s soccer seniors will play their last match at Koskinen Stadium, facing the Terrapins at 2 p.m. PAGE 11

DUKE STARTS SEASON WITH BLUE/WHITE GAME Women’s basketball’s intrasquad scrimmage tips off at 1 p.m. in Cameron Indoor Stadium. PAGE 10

FIELD HOCKEY FACES CENTRAL MICHIGAN Duke takes on the Chippewas at Jack Williams Stadium in its final home game of the season at 1 p.m.

ALL WEEKEND WOMEN’S TENNIS PLAYS IN ITA REGIONALS Six Blue Devils try for singles bids to the ITA National Indoor Championships.

SHAYAN ASADI/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Sophomore forward Laura Weinberg scored two goals in eight minutes to lead Duke.

Duke’s sputtering offense, having scored just two goals in its last four games, faced a challenge in the staunch back line of Wake Forest Thursday night. But a newly energized attack put the fears of an offensive slump Duke 2 to rest. In a matchup Wake 0 of two of the top defenses in the nation, No. 6 Duke (14-2-1, 6-1-1) pulled off a 2-0 upset of the Demon Deacons in Winston-Salem. After 72 minutes of scoreless play, sophomore forward Laura Weinberg notched two goals in eight minutes to give No. 3 Wake Forest (11-23, 4-1-3) its first ACC loss of the season. From the opening whistle, the Blue Devils controlled the game and sought to score early. With the Demon Deacons missing the ACC’s leading scorer, striker Katie Stengel, due to a left knee injury, Duke outshot its opponent eight to zero in the first half. After posting their two lowest shot totals of the season against Boston College and North Carolina, the Blue Devils had made it a priority to improve their offensive output against

Wake Forest. “The entire week, we worked on having an attacking mentality,” sophomore Natasha Anasi said. “I think our team fed into that.” Attacking the Demon Deacons was certainly no easy task, though. Like Duke, Wake Forest had allowed only six goals for the entire season entering the match. The Demon Deacons’ 0.38 goals against average ranked sixth nationally, and their back line had let up just 46 shots on goal all year. Characterized by a compact formation, the Wake Forest defense provided a major challenge to the Blue Devils, who had scored just two goals in their last four games. Nevertheless, Duke came in with a strategy keyed to its conservative style. “We knew if our wide forwards played wide, we could isolate and just have a lot of space,” Weinberg said. Approaching the game with this mindset, the Blue Devils controlled the tempo for the entire first half. For multiple stretches, Duke maintained possession in its opponent’s final third, nearly eliminating all offensive opportunities SEE W. SOCCER ON PAGE 11

FOOTBALL SCOUTING THE OPPONENT

Wake represents crucial matchup Wake Forest

DUKE

DEMON DEACONS

Wallace Wade Stadium • Saturday • 12:30 p.m.

4-2 (3-1)

by Mike Schreiner THE CHRONICLE

WAKE 31.7 PPG 103.5 RUSH/G YDS/RUSH 2.8 296.7 PASS/G YDS/ATT 8.2 22 TD 12-13 FG-FGA SACKS-YDS 6-67 3-DOWN % 37

WAKE

OPP 25.8 117.2 3.9 232.2 6.2 18 9-10 16-121 35

Junior wide receiver Chris Givens is the main threat in a Demon Deacon offense that racked up 391 total yards against Florida State two weeks ago. The Blue Devils must exploit the weak Wake Forest offensive line to keep quarterback Tanner Price offbalance and give the secondary some relief.

Despite the fact that Wake Forest has won every matchup with the Blue Devils since 2000, the rivalry is not as one-sided as it might appear. More than half of the Demon Deacon victories have come by less than a touchdown, including four of their last five. This year, both coaches expect the trend of tightly contested matchups to continue. “It will be a battle on Saturday,” Wake Forest head coach Jim Grobe said. “Almost every time we have played, it’s been a fourth-quarter battle. So we have to expect that, and I think our players do. They know they are in for a fight.” If past performance is any indicator, Saturday’s matchup should also produce a high-scoring finish, the hallmark for this rivalry in recent years. Since 2008, Cutcliffe’s first season at Duke, the two teams have combined for point totals of 63, 79 and 102. “Anyone that doesn’t want to go to this game is nuts,” Duke head coach David Cutcliffe said. “You don’t know what you’re going to see.” While Cutcliffe believes the Blue Devils (3-3, 1-1 in the ACC) will be facing the best Wake Forest team since his arrival at

Duke, he is not worried about his team being overmatched against an opponent that beat Florida State, which routed the Blue Devils last weekend. “We got a challenge,” Cutcliffe said. “We are similar in a lot of areas. It’s going to come down to execution.” Faulty execution, especially on the defensive end, is exactly what plagued the Blue Devils in last week’s loss to the Seminoles. A lack of discipline across the entire defense allowed three passing plays to go for 50 yards or more, and six plays resulted in 214 of the 310 yards Florida State’s offense gained in the first half. “There are just little things we could have done better to slow their offense,” sophomore linebacker Kelby Brown said. “It was just a few inches here and there.” The Blue Devils will need to correct their mistakes in order to neutralize the big play potential of the Demon Deacons (4-2, 3-1), especially speedy wide receiver Chris Givens. The junior leads the ACC in receiving yards and is tied with Duke’s Conner Vernon for third in the conference in receptions. Givens burned the Blue Devils last year, racking up 159 yards on only four SEE SCOUTING ON PAGE 12


THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 11

WOMEN’S SOCCER

W. SOCCER from page 9

by Scott Rich THE CHRONICLE

Senior night will have a different sound to it for the Blue Devils Sunday. Sophomore Kaitlyn Kerr and redshirt junior Ashley Rape—who will be honored as a senior with her classmates—will serenade the crowd with the national anthem before No. 6 Duke (14-2-1, 6-1-1 in the ACC) plays its final home game No. 15 of the season against No. 15 MaryTerps land (9-3-4, 3-3-2). vs. “I had a couple performances in No. 6 high school,” Rape said of her singDuke ing experience. “Kaitlyn came along and had a great voice and we soundSUNDAY, 2 p.m. ed great together. Kaitlin had the Koskinen Stadium idea so we just ran with it.” Duke’s other three seniors—Chelsea Canepa, Molly Mack and Emily Nahas—along with redshirt senior Molly Lester, will have more on their minds then their teammates’ voices, though. Duke currently finds itself competing with North Carolina and Virginia for the important No. 1 seed in the ACC tournament, as all three teams are tied atop the conference standings with 19 points. A win against the Terrapins, with just one more ACC regular season game left, could help secure that accomplishment. Getting shots past Maryland goalkeeper Yewande Balogun could be a challenge, though—the senior has posted eight shutouts on the year en route to a 0.67 goals against average and a .849 save percentage. Olivia Wagner leads the Terrapin attack with seven goals and 16 points on the season, both good for the team lead.

CHRIS DALL/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Chelsea Canepa is one of four seniors who will be honored Sunday as part of Senior Day festivities.

for the Demon Deacons. “They were playing kind of a low-pressure defense,” Anasi said, “So we really made sure that we were attacking and we took pressure to them and had them defend us rather than us having to do a lot of defending.” Despite recording eight shots, the Blue Devils had yet to put any on goal, and both teams went into the half scoreless. Still, their dominance of play left them confident going into the break. “The first half we were unbelievable,” head coach Robbie Church said. “[It was] probably the best half of the year, coming over here playing a top-five team on their home field. Unfortunately, after all that work, it was still 0-0 at half time.” Although Wake Forest adjusted its lineup and began pressuring Duke’s back line more, the Blue Devils never slowed the aggressive play that Weinberg said was a paramount aspect of their gameplan. Upon re-entering the game in the 68th minute after a three-minute rest, Weinberg’s play embodied this mentality as she launched a barrage of shots in the next 15 minutes. Just seconds after having her first shot of the game blocked, she received a pass at the top left corner of the 18-yard box from senior forward Chelsea Canepa. Weinberg then proceeded to pick apart the Demon Deacon back line, defender by defender. She cut back and forth past two backs, then bent a shot around two more defenders. The ball snuck just inside the far post, giving Duke a 1-0 lead in the 72nd minute. Just eight minutes later, Weinberg notched another goal, her seventh of the season, off an assist from sophomore forward Mollie Pathman. From there, the steadfast Blue Devil defense maintained the two-goal lead and allowed Wake Forest just one shot on goal the rest of the game. With a re-energized offensive attack, Duke managed to secure a dominant victory. “We were all but certain that we were not going to leave here [with] anything but a win,” Church said.

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UNITED CHURCH

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12 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

SCOUTING from page 9 catches. “He’s probably one of the best receivers we’re going to see this year—extremely quick and extremely fast,” sophomore cornerback Ross Cockrell said. “We have to be aware of where he is at all times.” On offense, Duke will continue to rely on its passing game. The Blue Devils are banged up at the running back position, and will start senior backup Jay Hollingsworth. Junior Conner Vernon and senior Donovan Varner, who have combined for the fourth-most ACC career receptions record for a pair of teammates, will once again be the focal point of Duke’s passing attack. Vernon, who is having what Cutcliffe called “an All-

THE CHRONICLE

American year,” may receive more targets from redshirt junior quarterback Sean Renfree if Varner, who is listed as questionable with a leg injury, cannot play. But with Renfree averaging over 38 passing attempts per game, Vernon figures to get plenty of looks whether or not the senior plays. “I don’t think you could throw it much more than we are,” Cutcliffe said. “I’m waiting to see one of those special games again that we can have at Duke with our offense. I’d love to see us explode this week. It would be nice timing.” Even with a solid defensive showing and a big day on offense, Duke expects Saturday’s game to come down to the final minutes, like the two teams’ matchups have during Cutcliffe’s tenure. “It’s our turn,” Cutcliffe said, “if we can play well enough.”

M. SOCCER from page 10 there they pressure you to get the ball and attack.” Junior co-captain Andrew Wenger will lead a Blue Devil offense that averages 2.38 goals per game, good for fifth in the nation. The reigning ACC defensive player of the year has shown no growing pains in his transition forward, and ranks first and fourth in the nation with 2.85 points and 1.15 goals per game, respectively. Duke, coming off its first loss in eight matches, will look to start a similar streak as the battle for home-field advantage in the conference tournament heats up. A win in Chestnut Hill, plus a Maryland loss at North Carolina, would put the two Tobacco Road schools tied atop the standings—though Duke has played an extra game. “The carrot at the end of the year is that you get home field advantage in the first round of the ACC tournament if you’re one of the top four teams,” Kerr said. “We’re trying to get in that position and a win at Boston College would put us a lot closer to that goal.”

Follow breaking news about all Duke sports online in the Blue Zone, at sports.chronicleblogs.com. Keep up with our two Twitter handles: @chroniclesports and @dukebasketball.

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TYLER SEUC/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Kelby Brown and the Duke defense will try to keep Wake Forest junior wide receiver Chris Givens in check Saturday.

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THE CHRONICLE

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 13

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle state of the chronicle: two websites one dean:............................................................. nick exporting: ..................................................................sanette, nicole interdepartmentalist @jspecs: ................................................. anna on top:....................................................................................... drew autonomous state: .............................................................. ctcusack renegade dept.: ..........................sophia, aa-a, yvonne, liz, brittany seceding: .................................................................... melissa, james planning to overthrow leadership: .......................................amalia Barb Starbuck is planning expansion #powerchronference:... Barb

Ink Pen Phil Dunlap

Student Advertising Manager: .........................................Amber Su Student Account Executive: ...................................Michael Sullivan Account Representatives: .......Cort Ahl, James Sinclair, Will Geary, Jen Bahadur, Courtney Clower, Peter Chapin, Daniel Perlin, Emily Shiau, Andy Moore, Allison Rhyne Creative Services Student Manager: .......................... Megan Meza Creative Services: ................Lauren Bledsoe, Danjie Fang, Mao Hu Caitlin Johnson, Erica Kim, Brianna Nofil Business Assistant: ........................................................Joslyn Dunn

Sudoku

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The Independent Daily at Duke University

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The Chronicle

14 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

Stay transparent, Duke Last week, administrators at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill upheld a Christian a cappella group’s dismissal of a gay member for his views about homosexuality. The dispute began in August when the group, Psalm 100, editorial removed the student, purportedly for his belief in the permissibility of homosexuality. The UNC administration’s subsequent investigation found that Psalm 100 did not violate the university’s non-discrimination policy because it removed the student on the basis of his beliefs and not his sexual orientation. We find about as much wrong with this student’s expulsion as with the policy that justified it. The policy—which contains a special clause for organizations that select members based on political or religious beliefs—states that these groups can

exclude persons who do not share the beliefs of the organization, so long as they do not limit membership based on personal traits, including sexual orientation. In this case, these categories cannot but overlap, and we commend the UNC administration’s willingness to review this overtly problematic rule. Nevertheless, UNC’s swift and opaque investigation brought quick—if not satisfying—closure to the case and reminds us of the extended controversy that surrounded the impeachment of Justin Robinette, former chair of Duke College Republicans in Spring 2010. Like in the Psalm 100 case, Robinette claimed that his removal hinged upon his sexual orientation. But unlike the Psalm 100 case, the Robinette affair, which was primarily handled by the Duke Student Government Judiciary and Senate and not the University administration, dredged on for more than a

Well, I don’t know about life in general, but as for the Reese’s that the machine stole, you could have contacted Duke Vending and gotten a refund. —“yyello” commenting on the story “Vend for vendetta.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

year and resulted in complaints filed with federal agencies against the University. To view the Psalm 100 case and the DCR scandal as identical would be overly simplistic. But it is interesting to note the differences in the handling of both cases by UNC and Duke respectively. In the Psalm 100 case, the UNC administration chose to stay out of the public eye until the decision was made, leaving much of the investigation behind the scenes. While the case was the topic of raging debate from students on both sides of the issue, the decision was made relatively quietly, and the ruling seems unlikely to be challenged. This is very different from Duke’s handling of the Robinette case, which ballooned into a public affair. As a student group, the DCR was governed by the rules of DSG and the Student Organization Finance Committee, giving student groups some

grounds to adjudicate the conflict. The DSG Judiciary’s ruling against Robinette and the DSG Senate’s decision to uphold the DCR charter left some dissatisfied; Robinette filed claims with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Department of Education earlier this year. However, the open process also facilitated a fast and substantive reform process—today all DSG chartered groups are now required to publish a non-discrimination clause in their constitutions. There are lesson to be learned from UNC’s swift action in the Psalm 100 incident. Speed and closure are enviable goals, and the Duke administration may be right to intervene more fully in future conflicts. But plaintiffs and litigants can only have satisfaction in open processes that allow for debate and appeal, and we hope that conflict resolution at Duke always stays a public affair.

The crime of apathy

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SANETTE TANAKA, Editor NICHOLAS SCHWARTZ, Managing Editor NICOLE KYLE, News Editor CHRIS CUSACK, Sports Editor MELISSA YEO, Photography Editor MEREDITH JEWITT, Editorial Page Editor CORY ADKINS, Editorial Board Chair MELISSA DALIS, Co-Managing Editor for Online JAMES LEE, Co-Managing Editor for Online DEAN CHEN, Director of Online Operations JONATHAN ANGIER, General Manager TOM GIERYN, Sports Managing Editor KATIE NI, Design Editor LAUREN CARROLL, University Editor ANNA KOELSCH, University Editor CAROLINE FAIRCHILD, Local & National Editor YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Local & National Editor MICHAEL SHAMMAS, Health & Science Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, Health & Science Editor TYLER SEUC, News Photography Editor CHRIS DALL, Sports Photography Editor ROSS GREEN, Recess Editor MAGGIE LOVE, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Recess Photography Editor SOPHIA PALENBERG, Online Photo Editor DREW STERNESKY, Editorial Page Managing Editor CHRISTINE CHEN, Wire Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Multimedia Editor MOLLY HIMMELSTEIN, Special Projects Editor for Video CHRISTINA PEÑA, Towerview Editor RACHNA REDDY, Towerview Editor NATHAN GLENCER, Towerview Photography Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Towerview Creative Director TAYLOR DOHERTY, Special Projects Editor CHRISTINA PEÑA, Special Projects Editor for Online LINDSEY RUPP, Senior Editor TONI WEI, Senior Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Recruitment Chair CHINMAYI SHARMA, Blog Editor MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director BARBARA STARBUCK, Creative Director REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at http://www.dukechronicle.com. © 2010 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

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merica currently faces more challenges ger ignore them in favor of my exams and papers, than it has ever faced before. We’ve got to which in my mind were much more important put the jobless to work, find a way to repay than some Jobs Act or debt ceiling. the debt using Uncle Sam’s credit The protective bubble surcard, make sure illegal immigrants rounding students buffers college aren’t mowing our lawns, teach hedonism and allows them to be polar bears how to swim and make relatively undisturbed by problems sure the elderly can obtain all the going on in the world if they should Cialis they need. Not even “The so choose. At Duke, students are Most Interesting Man in the World” free to pursue their academic goals or the guy from the Old Spice comand have fun, regardless of what is mercial could accomplish those happening elsewhere. Don’t get me milap mehta Herculean tasks. I mean, not even wrong—many are activists and civiwhat i think, i think cally engaged, but the opportunity Hercules could do all that. Many, if not all, of the topics for apathy is still there. underlying these matters are likely to become deHowever, times they are a-changing. Our bubfining issues for the current generation. It is rea- ble is being perturbed from equilibrium more and sonable to say that the failures of those who are more these days. The Occupy Wall Street movepresently in power will put an even greater pres- ment came to Durham recently and has even sure on those who are next in line. found support in the Duke ranks. Neither emThe people of my generation will eventually in- ployment nor federal aid for further education is herit the problems of the present, and our plates guaranteed in today’s society. will be pretty full. Like a child who refuses to eat As I prepare for life after college, I begin to retheir vegetables, we will probably be force-fed more alize that my apathy toward events of the outside than we can chew. If decisive actions are not taken world was misguided. Life for college graduates now to solve the problems facing our society, issues may appear to be getting a little easier as we crawl will snowball until they are simply too numerous. our way out of the Great Recession, but there is I, however, have lost most of my faith that the a chance that the improvement in employment leaders of today will actually get anything done. rates for the class of 2011 was a blip and not the Right now we have a Congress that, like two bick- beginning of a trend. ering siblings, refuses to agree on anything and is Apathy may be the greatest problem facing colcompletely split along partisan lines. The divide lege students with respect to current events. It may between the rich and the poor has never been not affect students right now, but when the time greater: average CEO pay has risen by 300 percent comes, students could be left wondering why their since 1990, while the federal minimum wage has prestigious Duke degree wasn’t good enough for a decreased by 9.3 percent (both numbers adjusted full-time job or admission to a professional school, for inflation). In fact, the USA ranks 39th in a CIA and why they did nothing about it when they had study of global income inequality. Iran is 41st. the chance. Our Republican presidential candidates bicker It appears to me that the leaders of today are like school children, stubbornly exalting their not getting the job done. There are never easy qualifications while offering little that would put decisions, yet sometimes action is required even America back on the right track. I was thrilled with when indecision prevails. The political indecision Herman Cain’s 9-9-9 plan, even if it wouldn’t work as to the direction in which to take this country and was probably taken from “SimCity 4.” The fea- has resulted in stagnation, while problems that sibility didn’t matter; I was thrilled because it was a need solving go unchanged. College students are plan. It was something, at least. Nevertheless, it ap- among the countless people affected by current pears, at least for the time being, that the current political failures. political stagnation is likely to continue. The time for Duke students to start paying atNowadays, I feel the same way about my gov- tention is now. I was guilty of apathy at most points ernment as I feel towards my beloved Carolina during my college experience and I regret becomPanthers—I don’t expect much. I’ll take my mi- ing a senior before realizing that my generation nor victories, thank you very much. cannot depend on our elders to solve the situaNeedless to say, I am frustrated by the politics tion. We must take responsibility for our future of our society. But what can I do about it? before it is too late to change. As the illusory experience of college nears its completion for me, I find myself less able to pass Milap Mehta is a Trinity senior. His column runs off the problems facing our society. I can no lon- every other Friday.


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Palm trees and a catastrophe

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t is a running joke among Argentines that their vision of the entire United States is embodied by one city: Miami. In the Latino megalopolis of the United States, one need not speak a single word of English to get by. Hispanics make up a little over half of the 2.3 million residents living in Miami-Dade County, and Miami has more flights to Latin America than every other U.S. airport combined. However, the Argentine connection to South Florida stems deeper than a week sunbathing in South Beach. The early 2000s saw a sonia havele spike in Argentine outflow due to the a cultural tango massive economic crisis, which commenced in 1999. During this period, tens of thousands of Argentines left the country—relocating to countries like Spain, Italy and the United States. Many sought jobs and opportunities their home economy could no longer provide. Others hoped to escape the chaotic streets of Buenos Aires, congested with angry “piqueteros” (picketers) and outraged demonstrators. This was also a time when Argentines still held the treasured dispensation of being able to travel to the United States without first securing a visa, making it—and Miami, the Spanish-speaking capital of the United States—one of the most popular places of refuge. Today, there are approximately 100,000 Argentine immigrants in South Florida—it is the largest Argentine expatriate community in the United States. Situated within Miami Beach, “Little Buenos Aires” has joined the rankings of “Little Havana” and “Little Haiti” in creating a home away from home for its thousands of Argentineborn community members. The neighborhood is full of shops and bakeries that serve traditional treats and accommodate distinctly Argentine palates. However, the Argentine escape to South Florida in the midst of economic turmoil is far from a fairy tale. Many of the Argentines who now reside in the United States—especially in South Florida— live here illegally and face the threat of deportation. They arrived without visas and never returned home after their 90-day authorized visit. In fact, it was because of this very increase in Argentine inflow that the U.S. State Department, in 2002, stripped the nation of its coveted travel privilege. I chose to revisit the Argentine economic crisis of 1999-2002 from the perspective of emigration because I felt it articulated a specific kind of relationship between the United States and Argentina—a relatively unknown story; one that I felt warranted further telling. The crash itself—though undeniably devastating—is truly fascinating. In 2002, after the government announced that it could not pay back part of its foreign debt and that billions of dollars in government spending would have to be cut, Buenos Aires went from being the most expensive to cheapest city in Latin America. By 2002, Argentina had experienced the largest sovereign debt default in history, and more than half the population was below the poverty line. As an American, recognizing the resulting outflux of Argentines into the United States makes both the economic disaster and its demoralizing effects tangible to me. Although the exact cause of the crisis has been debated, almost every expert will point to the failure of Argentina’s fixed exchange rate policy (fixing the peso to the dollar)—an attempt to stabilize the economy after nearly a decade of hyperinflation where, in 1989 alone, inflation rose by 1000 percent. This created a serious problem between Argentina and its largest trading partners, Brazil and the European Union, during the economic boom of the 1990s. Because the value of the peso was increasing at the same rate as the dollar (a rate much higher than the real or euro), Argentinean exports, and therefore economic growth were halted, resulting in huge unemployment and economic hardships. The social and emotional aftermath of the crisis overshadows daily life, from the “cartoneros” (cardboard people) on the streets to discussions in the classroom. I was inspired to write this column after a recent encounter with a taxi driver in Buenos Aires. After learning I was a student from the U.S., he eagerly recounted his 10 overstayed years in Miami between 1999 and 2009. Following the collapse of his painting business in Buenos Aires, he joined the thousands of others leaving the country. Although he never specified the reason for his return, he did mention that, due to immigration restrictions, it would be nearly impossible for him to return in the future. He spoke with a certain nostalgia for the United States as well as for a dream era in Argentina that no longer exists. Even 10 years later, the memory of the crisis is still very alive in the minds of the Argentines. And each week, I have found myself exposed to new facets of a crisis that, though defining more than a decade of Argentine discourse, has also implicated itself in issues abroad. Sonia Havele is a Trinity junior and is currently studying abroad in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her column runs every other Friday.

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011 | 15

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letterstotheeditor A Message from BSA regarding the Black Culture Living Group On Wednesday, Oct. 19, the Black Student Alliance was notified that Dr. Moneta, Dean Nowicki and the members of the Addition and Removal Committee had approved our petition for cultural housing. To the Black Student Alliance and the Duke community at large, the approval of the Black Culture Living Group signifies more than just having a space in the new house model. This symbolizes the fulfillment of a demand made by black students more than 40 years ago. Following the takeover of the Allen Building in 1969, the Black Student Alliance (formally the AfroAmerican Society) issued a list of 11 demands to the Duke administration. The second demand was to establish a then-called “black dorm.” Since then, many unofficial iterations of this demand have existed, but we are pleased that the University administration has decided to support the most current version—the Black Culture Living Group. This house will function as a residential living group primarily focused on promoting cultural awareness and academic engagement, and will be open to students (regardless of race or ethnicity) who are interested in immersing themselves in a black culture residential experience. It will work closely with the African and African American Studies department and the Mary Lou Williams Center to host discussions, forums and other events centered on educating the student body of the diversity of the African diaspora. Most importantly, the Black Culture Living Group will serve as a place to continue dialogues about black culture beyond the walls of the classroom and after the Mary Lou Williams Center closes at 5 p.m. Prior to the approval of the Black Culture Living Group, the Black Student Alliance remained relatively quiet on the issue of cultural housing. This was primarily because we understood that our priority was to pay homage to those who came before us, rather than engaging in sensationalized rhetoric about self-segregation. Now that the group has been approved, we are open to suggestions and will be holding a town hall meeting to discuss this, and other issues, in the coming days. We welcome your comments and suggestions and look forward to engaging in meaningful dialogue. More information concerning the application and selection process for the living group is forthcoming. Lastly, I would like to emphasize that we stand on the shoulders of giants. This project was conceptualized more than 40 years ago and will be realized in the Fall of 2012. We encourage the Duke community to take advantage of this monumental opportunity to actualize the legacy of our predecessors and to leave a legacy for those who will come after us. But, even if you do not, please acknowledge the significance of this moment. Marcus Benning, Trinity ’14 Vice President, Black Student Alliance Mischaracterization of proposed QS reform As members of the Quantitative Studies Requirement Review Committee, we appreciate the interest of The Chronicle’s Editorial Board and their recognition that there are significant problems with the current requirement that need to be addressed. We write to clarify our proposal, which we do not believe was adequately characterized in the Monday, Oct. 17 editorial. We agree with the board that some current QS courses may not have sufficient quantitative content to merit being classified as a QS course. This is why the proposal includes a detailed set of learning objectives that must be satisfied for a course to count for the new QS requirement. These objectives precisely address what the editors call the “real” problem. The criteria very clearly, in the words of the editorial, are “intended to get students to think quantitatively” and provide “baseline education in quantitative thinking and methodology.” Put simply, under the proposed new requirement, no course of the department in which it is taught would be classified as a QS course unless it meets the aforementioned learning objectives. The proposal requires that one of the two QS courses must be from the mathematics, statistical

science or computer science departments. The proposal does not state that only these departments can teach QS classes. In fact, the body of the proposal includes a clear statement that the committee encourages faculty in the sciences, social sciences and humanities to use this modified QS requirement as an opportunity to create new QS classes that enrich the curriculum and the learning of students at Duke. The curricular requirements at Duke state that: “The Areas of Knowledge requirements lend breadth to students’ education by introducing them to the full range of disciplines taught at Duke.” The proposal that students be required to take one of their two QS courses in one of the mathematical sciences departments is designed to be faithful to this aspect of the curriculum. We believe that students will benefit from learning how faculty who study and teach quantitative methodologies for their own sake approach problems; this often differs from how faculty in other departments who use quantitative methods approach problems. The proposal promotes structure and choice and is designed to better execute the intent and purpose of the curriculum. The editorial references the length of time the committee took to bring this proposal to the Arts and Sciences Council. The committee membership was selected to represent the diverse views of members of the University community, including student government. We deliberated carefully, gathered and examined relevant data, considered a wide variety of options and sought input from faculty outside our committee. This question, as the editorial notes, has been a problematic aspect of Curriculum 2000 and deserved a careful review. It would have been very unfortunate had the committee rushed to present a less thoughtful proposal. We welcome the conversation on campus of what should constitute a quantitative studies requirement at Duke and hope that this letter serves to clarify our proposal. Jack Bookman, Mathematics Ben Cooke, Academic Resource Center Kaveh Danesh, Duke Student Government Sandy Darity Jr., Public Policy Studies Scott de Marchi, Political Science Jerry Reiter, Statistics Susan Rodger, Computer Science Clare Tufts, Romance Studies Matt Serra, Office of Assessment, ex officio Ingeborg Walther, Trinity Dean’s Office and Office of Curriculum and Course Development , ex officio Fighting the checklist culture On Monday, Oct. 17, the Editorial Board expressed general support of the “piece-by-piece approach to revamping the curriculum.” I would like to follow up by echoing that support but also by raising a broader point about our curriculum given the imminent advent of book-bagging season. Some are quick criticize the fact that our curriculum has reached its 11-year-old birthday free of a comprehensive overhaul. These people may be forgetting that student interaction with any curriculum is far and beyond its most defining factor and that we may, in effect, be devaluing our very own Curriculum 2000. Here is how: We are all guilty of occasionally falling into the lull of interacting with the curriculum as a lifeless set of requirements, as a checklist of sorts. More often than not, when the new semester’s courses are released, the majority of our schedules are mysteriously (and prematurely) cemented: There is little excitement or exploration stemming from the prospect of the hundreds of courses taught by leading scholars from which we can choose. At 12:01 on Oct. 24, let us all try to remember that the curriculum is lifeless, even nonexistent, without the students who interact with it. As those students, it is our responsibility to fight the urge to fall to the lowest energy state, to leverage this opportunity to encounter new disciplines and the fresh perspectives that they offer. Respectfully, Kaveh Danesh, Trinity ’12 DSG Vice President for Academic Affairs


16 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 2011

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Oct. 21, 2011 issue