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The Chronicle




Durham groups aid homeless by Caroline Fairchild THE CHRONICLE

“We had opportunities, and we have to stick in those opportunities,” head coach Robbie Church said. “It’s a very disappointing match because we could have had a better result than we did here tonight.” Duke was without its leading scorer— freshman striker Kelly Cobb—who suffered an ankle injury in practice and is currently day-to-day. With Cobb absent, the Blue Devils lacked one of their biggest

Durham local Bernard Brandon is on the verge of homelessness and needs the city of Durham’s help to avoid living on the streets. Brandon was one of more than 455 homeless or underprivileged members of the Durham community seeking critical services at the fifth Annual Project Homeless Connect Thursday. Setting up booths inside the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, various organizations offered free medical screenings, dental exams and haircuts as well as job, social services and permanent housing counseling. “If I don’t get help, I am going to be homeless,” Brandon said. “I have agencies paying for my rent right now, churches and places like that, but that is going to run out soon. I want to find permanent housing today while I wait on my disability [check]. Durham has done an excellent job with me, and I hope they can help me out today too.” There are between 500 to 600 men, women and children homeless in Durham and Durham County, Mayor Bill Bell said. The U.S. Census Bureau found that 40,000 of Durham’s County’s 300,000 households are paying more than 30 percent of their paycheck on housing and are at risk of




Sophomore midfielder Kaitlyn Kerr and the rest of the No. 3 Blue Devils were stymied by the North Carolina defense en route to a 1-0 loss.



Duke loses heartbreaker in Chapel Hill by Nicholas Schwartz THE CHRONICLE

CHAPEL HILL, N.C. — When two of the best teams in the nation clash, the difference between winning and losing is often decided by the slimmest of margins. One missed tackle, an unexpected bounce of the ball or a bobbled save can have a monumental impact on the final scoreline. In a matchup of soccer giants that went down to the wire, the opportunistic Tar Heels scored the game-winning goal with

a little over two minutes left on the clock, when striker Kealia Ohai’s toe-poke from close range trickled across the line before Duke goalkeeper Tara Campbell could scamper back and clear away the ball. The decisive goal—a scrappy finish after a chaotic scrum in the penalty area—was altogether unworthy of what was a beautifully played game, but No. 10 North Carolina’s (10-2, 5-1 in the ACC) vital win extends its dominant record over the No. 3 Blue Devils (13-2-1, 5-1-1) and reopens the title race in the tightly-packed ACC.

Alum speaks against trafficking

NC gov. to visit DKU during trip

by Marianna Jordan THE CHRONICLE

by Jack Mercola THE CHRONICLE

North Carolina Gov. Bev Perdue is setting her eyes on a new road to state economic recovery—the Far East. Perdue is scheduled to depart Oct. 15 for an eight-day excursion to China and Japan as part of a governors’ forum to further improve the trade partnership between the United States and major industries in Asia. During her trip, Perdue will visit with Asian trade executives and make a stop at Duke Kunshan University, said Tim Crowley, assistant secretary for communications and external affairs at the N.C. Department of Commerce. Bev Perdue “We are very excited to have [Gov.] Perdue visit Kunshan and the DKU campus,” Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs

Far more resources must be deployed in the fight against human trafficking, said Siddharth Kara, Trinity ’96 and one of the world’s foremost experts on modern slavery and human trafficking. In a keynote lecture Thursday evening titled “An Overview of Human Trafficking and Contemporary Slavery,” Kara discussed the realities of an increasing human trafficking crisis around the world. The talk was the kickoff event for a three-day conference—“Human Traffic: Past and Present”—hosted by the Center for African and African American Research. J. Lorand Matory, director of the Center for African and African American Research and Lawrence Richardson professor of cultural anthropology, said the conference’s program—including Kara’s keynote speech, an art exhibition and several expert panels— aims to cultivate the strengths, investigation and scholarship of the Duke community into solving the problem of human trafficking.


Nobel Prize-winner explains the truth about bacteria, Page 3



Siddharth Kara speaks on human trafficking in a keynote speech hosted by the Center for African and African American Research.


“If it’s successful, we will evaluate whether we will expand our programs in Dubai.” —Fuqua Assistant Dean Valerie Hausman on workshop. See story page 3

Council committee recommends T-Req changes, Page 4

2 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011



Federally funded health care program expands

As a result of stimulus spending and increased funding through the 2010 health care law, the number of clinicians participating in a federal program to expand access to care in underserved communities has nearly tripled in the past three years. About 10,000 doctors, nurses and other providers now participate in the National Health Service Corps, the highest number since the program was established in 1972, according to figures released by the Obama administration Thursday. Officials estimated the corps is serving 10.5 million patients. Since fiscal year 2009, the program has awarded medical professionals nearly $900 million in scholarships, loan repayments and other financial incentives in exchange for a commitment to provide two or more years of service in both rural and urban locations where clinicians are scarce.



onschedule at Duke... Krzyzewskiville, all day This event will celebrate the start of the men’s basketball season; $1 donations to the Emily K Center or Duke Children’s Hospital are encouraged.

Fall Seminar Series

Army stops injection of Drone strike in Pakistan nerve gas in monkeys kills Haqqani insider After sustained pressure from animal rights groups and a member of Congress, the Army has agreed to stop injecting monkeys with high doses of a nerve-blocking drug meant to simulate a nerve gas attack. The practice, carried out at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Harford County, Md., is designed to train Army medical personnel.

PESHAWAR — Pakistani intelligence officials said a suspected CIA drone strike killed a Haqqani network insider in the northwestern part of the country Thursday in what appeared to be a direct hit on the Afghan militant group, which the United States says is aided by Pakistan’s premier spy agency.

LSRC A158, 10-11a.m. The Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions and the UPEP Environmental Institution present Elizabeth Havice, who will speak about how processing firms influence tuna management.

Service Opportunities in Leadership (SOL) Info Session Friedl 225, 2-3p.m. SOLsters will share how they got engaged in communities confronting complex, social, political and humanitarian issues.

Fab Friday West Union Building, 4-6p.m. The LGBT Center invites everyone to relax, listen to music, hang out with old friends and meet new friends.

TODAY IN HISTORY 1964: Martin Luther King Jr. wins Nobel Peace Prize.

“Theoretically, by discouraging frowning or furrowing brows, facial Botox injections would indirectly liven up one’s mood. A small clinical trial performed in 2006 on 10 depressed patients showed that two months after Botox injections, nine out of 10 were no longer depressed.” — From The Chronicle’s News Blog


Countdown to Craziness

Clocks slay time.... Time is dead as long as it is being clicked off by little wheels; only when the clock stops does time come to life. — William Faulkner

on the



on the


Youth Day

Zaire (Democratic Congo)

Peace Corps’ Birthday U.S.A.


An archaeologist holds a quartzite grindstone coated with ancient red ochre paint. The abalone shell, pictured right, may have served as a mixing container and is one of the two pieces from the 100,000-year-old “paint toolkit” uncovered by researchers in a South African cave.

Day of Formation of the Tajik Republic Tajikistan

The October Revolution Yemen


FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 3

Fuqua creates Dubai Nobel Prize winner shares love for bacteria leadership workshop by Vignesh Krishnaswamy THE CHRONICLE

A Nobel Prize-winning scientist discussed his lifelong passion for microorganisms yesterday. Sir Richard Roberts, winner of the 1993 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine and member of the Royal Society, spoke at an event titled “Why I Love Bacteria!” Thursday morning. Roberts, who helped discover split genes, stressed the disconnect in communication that can occur between the public, scientists and politicians about bacteria. “I think that we scientists need to do a better job in explaining the problems we face to the public and to politicians, so that action to fight these problems can be steadfast and smarter,” Roberts said. Jeffrey Spaeder, chief medical and scientific officer for Quintiles—the pharmaceutical company that sponsored the event—introduced Roberts and his work in discovering introns in eukaryotic DNA and the mechanism of gene-splicing. “We must understand the structure of the world in order to make scientific progress,” Spaeder said. “Sir Richard Roberts has made a career using this fundamental principle.” The ancestors of today’s bacteria were the first forms of life on Earth. “Anabaena provided oxygen to Earth’s atmosphere but ironically ended up polluting the oceans, similar to how humans are detrimentally affecting their surroundings,” Roberts said.

Roberts noted that there is a misconception that most bacteria are harmful to humans. “The majority of bacteria have no effect on humans,” he said. “And the rest of the bacteria are fairly evenly split between good and bad bacteria.” People often seem to be at odds with bacteria, Roberts said. In cases such as tuberculosis, for example, bacteria constantly evolve despite people’s attempts to get vaccinated against the disease, he added. “When you defeat one bacteria, what you are doing is inviting along another one,” Roberts said. Resistance to bacteria can be harmful to humans. “We need to be more sensible with respect to antibiotic use because we use them indiscriminately in places like the food industry, where they serve no genuine purpose other than to increase animal weight,” Roberts said. He cited pharmaceutical companies as one industry that encourages unnecessary antibiotic use, adding that some politicians neglect the environment to the point of compromising the future of the human race. “What is more serious than any scientific problem is that we are polluting ourselves out of this Earth,” he said. For the 1.7 million people in the U.S. who get an infection each year, 70 percent of the bacteria causing such infections are SEE ROBERTS ON PAGE 6

by Alice Deguelle THE CHRONICLE

The Fuqua School of Business is strengthening its ties in the Middle East. Fuqua announced last month that it is launching the Dubai Duke Leadership Workshop in the United Arab Emirates this December. The workshop is a nondegree executive education program modeled after Fuqua’s Duke Leadership Program currently offered in Durham. The program, which will take place Dec. 13 through 15, is building off of Fuqua’s already established presence in the region, Sim Sitkin, Fuqua professor of management and director of the workshop in Durham, wrote in an email Tuesday. “The school has determined that the time is right to leverage our experience base and networks in the region,” Sitkin said. The school has been considering offering executive leadership education in the region since Fuqua established its global strategy in 2008, Sitkin noted, who is also the founding faculty director of Fuqua’s Center on Leadership and Ethics and will also run the workshop in Dubai. The new workshop will deviate slightly from the Durham program, he added. For example, the UAE workshop will cater to executives from Dubai and the surrounding area, and it will only last three days instead of six. The curriculum will be very similar to the one in Durham, which is based on the “Six Domains” leadership model developed by Sitkin and Allan

Lind, James L. Vincent professor of leadership at Fuqua. “[The workshop] is ideal for anyone with current or anticipated leadership responsibilities,” Patricia McCall, Fuqua regional director for the Middle East, wrote in an email Tuesday. “[Participants range] from high-level executives and managers... to those who are not in management positions but are expected to lead and influence others in the course of their work.” Last month, Fuqua Dean Bill Boulding proposed a Master’s of Management Studies in Finance also to be offered in Dubai. Faculty is expected to vote on the proposal at next week’s Academic Council meeting. McCall said Fuqua is “deeply committed” to the Middle East and North Africa because the area is important economically, adding that Fuqua’s global strategy is to create bonds with these areas. “This approach allows us to understand this region from a local perspective, while also providing a context for how the Middle East fits into the larger global business landscape,” McCall said. Boulding could not be reached for comment. Currently, Fuqua students in the CrossContinent MBA program and the Global Executive MBA program have the opportunity to study in Dubai. Additionally, Fuqua has several formal SEE WORKSHOP ON PAGE 16

4 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011



Committee suggests QS requirement overhaul by Lucy Hicks THE CHRONICLE

Quantitative Studies restrictions might increase in the near future. The Quantitative Studies Requirement Review Committee of the Arts and Sciences Council presented a proposal to change and clarify QS requirements at the council’s meeting Thursday. Currently, students in Trinity College of Arts and Sciences need to take two QS courses of any level in order to graduate. The committee recommended changing the requirements so that at least one of the two required courses originates in a quantitative studies department—computer science, mathematics or statistics. The committee identified concerns with the large amount of flexibility in granting QS credit outside of the

three quantitative mathematical departments, said Jack Bookman, committee chair and associate professor of the practice of mathematics. “Unlike any other of the Areas of Knowledge... there are students that have met [QS] requirements that are not taking courses in the three mathematical disciplines,” Bookman said. This proposal was the first attempt to re-evaluate the Areas of Knowledge system since its overhaul in Curriculum 2000. The overhaul added the QS requirement to the Areas of Knowledge, which students in Trinity College must fulfill in order to graduate. According to the April 27 QS Requirement Review Committee Report, QS courses are meant to teach mathematical modeling and quantitative problem-solving skills. The committee gathered from its investiga-


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tions that students are graduating without becoming proficient in quantitative analysis, as intended by the requirement. “I think there is some value in terms of interdisciplinarity in taking a course that is taught by someone whose primary research and teachings are about the methodology [of a mathematical science],” said Jerry Reiter, associate professor of statistical science. The committee has been evaluating the QS program for two years. It recommended that students take at least one course at the minimum level of MATH 25L: “Laboratory Calculus and Functions I,” STA 101: “Data Analysis and Statistical Inference” or COMPSCI 6L: “Introduction to Computer Science.” “These courses cover the minimum set of topics useful for applying QS methods in genuine problems,” the report noted. “The requirement purposefully does not force students to take higher level courses that might not fit with their interests or future studies.” Some faculty members expressed worry regarding the restriction of the requirement to specific departments. “I’m worried that this path is essentially saying... that there is only a specific number of departments that could potentially satisfy [the requirement],” said Leslie Digby, director of undergraduate studies of evolutionary anthropology. The council resolved to continue the QS requirement review discussion at its November meeting before voting on the proposal in December. In other business: Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education, presented two new academic options to the group, Duke Immerse and Duke INtense Global. Duke Immerse proposed a system in which students could elect to take a cross-disciplinary program that would replace the standard four-class semester workload for a semester of full-time research with faculty members. “[Duke Immerse] eliminates the artificial barriers that separate the students’ lives into little buckets of separate classes,” Nowicki said. He specified that this program would be ideal for more advanced levels of courses, where in-depth discussion about a focused topic could aid in a student’s specific studies. Duke Immerse will start in Spring 2012. DIG began this semester, offering an academic program that focuses on creating immersion in a specific language and culture through studies at Duke and abroad. There is a DIG program in India and one in Russia.

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Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education, discusses two new interdisciplinary programs Thursday.


FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 5

Banks demolish foreclosed properties in Cleveland By Brady Dennis THE WASHINGTON POST

CLEVELAND — The sight of excavators tearing down vacant buildings has become common in this foreclosureravaged city, where the housing crisis hit early and hard. But the story behind the recent wave of demolitions is novel—and cities around the country are taking notice. A handful of the nation’s largest banks have begun giving away scores of properties that are abandoned or otherwise at risk of languishing indefinitely and further dragging down already depressed neighborhoods. The banks have even been footing the bill for the demolitions—as much as $7,500 a pop. Four years into the housing crisis, the ongoing expense of upkeep and taxes, along with costly code violations and the price of marketing the properties, has saddled banks with a heavy burden. It often has become cheaper to knock down decaying homes no one wants. The demolitions in some cases have paved the way for community gardens, church additions and parking lots. Even when the result is an empty lot, it can be one less pockmark. While some widespread demolitions could risk hollowing out the urban core of struggling cities such as Cleveland, advocates say that the homes being targeted are already unsalvageable and that the bulldozers are merely “burying the dead.” The task of plowing under the homes rests with the Cuyahoga County Land Reutilization Corp., which grew out of a 2009 state law aimed at creating “land banks” with the power and money to acquire unwanted properties and put them to better use—or at least put them out of their misery. The efforts have led other states to pursue similar laws to deal with their own foreclosure epidemics. New York passed a comparable measure this summer. Similar legislation is in the works in Georgia, Philadelphia and elsewhere. Cleveland has found progress in the sliver of common ground between the land bank’s mission and the interest of financial firms, including some that helped fuel the housing crisis through risky loans and later botched pa-

perwork in carrying out foreclosures across the country. This collaboration was uncomfortable at first, said Gus Frangos, the Cuyahoga land bank’s president and one of the people behind the state law. “Two years ago, when we started... it was difficult,” he said. “Everybody was guarded.” After countless meetings, however, land bank officials and banking representatives shed their initial wariness of one another. Frangos made a simple pitch: We’re not here to point fingers. We’ll take your worst properties, the ones not worth keeping. Pony up for the demolition, and you’ll still come out ahead. Just don’t walk away from them. Bank of America and Wells Fargo announced plans this summer to donate more than 100 properties to the land bank. J.P. Morgan Chase also has made regular donations, and several other banks have given sporadically. Fannie Mae, the massive mortgage finance company seized by the federal government three years ago, began donating properties early on and now hands over about 30 properties a month, Frangos said. For those companies, the arrangement means good public relations. But it also makes economic sense. “It feels great that we’re able to help nonprofits, help neighborhoods, help families,” said Tyler Smith, an assistant vice president at Wells Fargo, which donated 300 properties nationwide last year and is on track for about 1,000 this year. “But we certainly have to have the piece that shows it makes business sense.” The bank, which often services mortgages on behalf of other investors, knows what it costs daily to hold each foreclosure—the upkeep, the taxes, the broker’s commission, the potential for costly code violations. “We can make the financial case to the investor that ‘It’s in your best interest to donate this,’” Smith said. Thanks in part to the steady stream of donations, Cuyahoga land bank officials expect to complete roughly 700 demolitions by the end of the year. On a recent Tuesday, the excavators roared to life. On tap: Four empty homes and one decaying apartment building, some on foreclosure-riddled streets, others in leafy neighborhoods with tidy lawns.

“It’s been a long time comin’,” said Ronice Dunn, 58, as the rotting home two doors down from her on Agnes Court—and donated by Fannie Mae—finally surrendered to the heavy machinery. “I’m not sad to see it go.” In East Cleveland, not far from the mansion where John D. Rockefeller once lived, workers were turning an abandoned apartment building on Hartshorn Road into rubble. “It’s about... time,” said George Jester, 73, who has lived on the block for more than two decades. What had become a magnet for rodents, vandals and vagrants was now an empty lot, full of potential. “It’ll be for the better.” Land banks have existed for decades, but only in recent years have their numbers surged. Their objective, said Emory University professor and land bank expert Frank Alexander, is to deal with “the discarded litter of a consumption society”—the homes nobody wants. Traditionally, they have been small and passive organizations, acquiring properties through tax foreclosures and able to handle only a few at a time. The aim of land banks has been to take these properties—which would otherwise be a drain on public services, magnets for crime and a drag on housing prices—and renovate them or clear the land for potential redevelopment. With the foreclosure crisis ravaging Cleveland neighborhoods, officials there envisioned a more nimble and autonomous version. The Ohio law allowed Cuyahoga’s land bank, a nonprofit corporation, to receive millions of dollars a year from interest and penalties on collected delinquent real estate taxes and to spend that money as it sees fit, within its mandated mission. Working with other nonprofits and benefiting from Cleveland’s assertive housing court, which has a reputation for smacking huge fines on banks and servicers responsible for crumbling properties, the land bank started gobbling up dozens of vacant and abandoned properties. Today, it has an inventory of about 1,000, with more than 100 flowing in every month from various sources. “They have quickly gone from zero to being one of the SEE FORECLOSURE ON PAGE 16

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CONNECT from page 1

Meet and greet


Students discuss job and internship opportunities at the Duke University Nonprofit and Government Career Fair Thursday.

homelessness, Bell noted. The main purpose of the event was to raise awareness about homelessness in Durham and to prevent it in the future. “The plan is to significantly reduce overall levels of homelessness and long-term chronic homelessness through effective engagement of Durham’s public, private and nonprofit sectors,” Bell said. “This Project Homeless Connect event is prepared to serve 500 or more people during this time of high economic uncertainty.” More than 500 volunteers from about 40 organizations such as the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the Durham Department of Social Services, the Duke Divinity School and the Duke School of Nursing, came together to work individually with participants in the event to provide necessary services. Brittany Schaefer, a first-year student at the Nursing School, said she volunteered in order to try to reduce homelessness in Durham given the volatility of the current economy. “Homelessness, especially with the economic downturn, is kind of an epidemic and is increasing,” Schaefer said. “It is important to help people out and reduce it anyway that we can. If the person I am paired with finds shelter that would be excellent, and if I could help them get any other goal they require that would be great.” The key to this event’s success is the personal connections made between volunteers and the individuals being helped, said Lanea Foster, who coordinated the event. The union of people from different economic backgrounds is what really can make a difference in the end, Foster said. “Over and over again, having a volunteer and having someone who is focused in need or in crisis is the best thing for the guest,” she said. “It is all about that person fighting for them.” Despite optimism, Mayor Pro Tempore Cora Cole-McFadden, who is also a city council member and member of the steering committee to end homelessness, said there is still work to be done to fully serve Durham’s underprivileged community. Citing problems such as discharging residents from mental health institutions without proper aftercare and leaving children who grow too old for the foster system on the streets, Cole-McFadden said Durham needs to be more accountable to its homeless residents. “We don’t want people to stay in temporary housing,” she said. “We want them to move to their own house and apartment, so we need to pump resources into the city if we are going to turn it around.” Paula Maxie has lived in temporary housing in Durham for 15 months. Overall, services in Durham have done a good job of providing her with the resources she needs, Maxie said, noting she attended Project Homeless Connect with the intention of finding a permanent housing option. “They are plenty of opportunities here, and I am need of housing and employment,” she said. “Durham has been doing a good job, but I am looking to get a job in housekeeping and find a place to live.” At least six people were set up with permanent housing by the end of the event—making the day a success, Foster said. Although Foster said she wants to see that number grow, she said she was pleased with the results and sees them as a step forward toward avoiding homelessness in Durham in the future. “This is the only way that people are going to make a difference towards economic recovery,” Foster said. “It really shows how people really want to try, and that’s a beautiful thing.”

ROBERTS from page 3 resistant to at least one drug routinely used to treat those infections, according to the National Institutes of Health’s website. Roberts noted that the NIH has substantially cut its funding to some bacteria-related projects, but other sectors—such as synthetic biology—are thriving. The Pratt School of Engineering has several programs that cater to synthetic biology research and hosts the annual Synthetic Biology Symposium. Geoffrey Ginsburg, director of genomic medicine in the Duke Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, said he believes Roberts’ speech had a lasting effect on the audience. “I think that these are important events for Duke, particularly for our students, trainees and young faculty,” Ginsburg said. “A moment with [the likes of] Sir Richard could have a profound impact on their career trajectories and their futures.”


FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 7

Kara began his speech by addressing the confusion surrounding what human trafficking actually encompasses. “The early definitions of slavery focused on the exercise of power attached to a legal entity,” he said. “Definitions of slavery have shifted away from legal rights of ownership toward instead targeting the nature of the exploitation.” The three basic steps of the industry, Kara said, are acquiring slaves, transporting them and then exploiting the individual. The transportation phase poses the greatest challenge to halting human trafficking. “Movement is becoming increasingly difficult to disrupt, because national and international borders are porous,” he said. “Furthermore, while in transit, it is difficult to identify that someone is a victim of human trafficking.” Kara said he believes the growing pervasiveness of “contemporary, slave-like, labor exploitation” is due to the capacity for traffickers to reap huge profits at almost no real risk. “The absence of risk can be distilled to the shortcomings in the philosophical, legal, and law-enforcement approaches to human trafficking,” he said. The most important factor in reducing

demand for human slaves will ultimately rest in attacking profitability, he said. Policymakers and worldwide consumers need to be more protective and inclusive in legislating against human trafficking. Cydney Justman, a graduate student at the Duke Global Health Institute, said she wished Kara had talked more about the bottom-up approach to combating human trafficking. “I am interested in hearing [Kara’s] opinion on forming empowerment and educational programs for [human trafficking] victims and whether this sort of initiative would stand a chance in the face of the powers that are driving human trafficking today,” Justman said. Suzanne Shanahan, associate director for the Kenan Institute for Ethics, said she respected Kara’s direct approach to combating this international crisis. “I really appreciated the extraordinary range of [Kara’s] field experience and his ability to hone in on a specific set of drivers for contemporary slavery,” Shanahan said. “This led to really direct ways to intervene.” Michaeline Crichlow, associate professor of African and African American studies, said she hopes the conference will help generate new dialogue among scholars and activists that will impact policy recommendations nationally and internationally.

Eating local

Bored? Visit www.chronicleblogs. com for our news, sports, editorial and recess blogs.


The seventh annual Harvest Dinner at the American Tobacco Campus featured a farm-style meal made with local ingredients Thursday. The proceeds benefited SEEDS, a nonprofit community garden.

Worship Times: 8:15, 10:10 am & Noon

newhope church Ministry for College Students & Young Adults

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Epworth United Methodist Church 3002 Hope Valley Rd Durham, NC 27707 (919) 489 6557 Website:

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—˜ȱ’ŸŽ›ȱȱ —’Š›’Š—ȱȱ —’ŸŽ›œŠ•’œȱȱ Ž••˜ œ‘’™ȱȱȱȱ 


Whoever you are,

wherever you are on life’s journey,


you are welcome here.”

ȱ’œȱŒ˜––’Žȱ˜ȱȱ ‘Žȱ’—Œ•žœ’˜—ȱ˜ȱŽŸŽ›¢ȱ™Ž›œ˜—ǯȱȱ ••ȱŠ›Žȱ Ž•Œ˜–Žȱ‘Ž›Žȱ ’‘˜žȱ›ŽŠ›ȱȱ ˜ȱ›ŠŒŽǰȱŽ‘—’Œ’¢ǰȱŽ—Ž›ǰȱȱ œŽ¡žŠ•ȱ˜›’Ž—Š’˜—ȱ˜›ȱŽŒ˜—˜–’ŒȱœŠžœǯȱȱ ŽȱŠ›ŽȱŠȱȱȃŽ•Œ˜–’—ȱ˜—›ŽŠ’˜—ǯȄȱ ŚşŖŝȱ Š››Žȱ˜Šȱ ž›‘Š–ǰȱȱŘŝŝŖŝȱ ǻşŗşǼȱŚŞşȬŘśŝśȱ ȱ



BUDDHIST COMMUNITY @ DUKE Cultivating and Sharing Wisdom and Compassion

Pilgrim United Church of Christ is an intentionally inclusive, Open and Affirming community of faith. Please join us Sunday mornings at 10:30 am. 3011 Academy Rd. Durham NC 27707 (between University Dr. and US 15/501 Business)





TRAFFICKING from page 1

8 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011


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Home Sweet Home!

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 9

Sports The Chronicle


FRIDAY October 14, 2011

Even after a bye week, Duke’s injury report is the longest it has been this season, featuring 14 players—including four from the secondary.


Missed chances waste elite defensive effort Fluke Tar Heel goal in 87th minute costs Blue Devils in conference rivalry match by Vignesh Nathan THE CHRONICLE

CHAPEL HILL, N.C. — After 87 deadlocked minutes, in which the Duke defense successfully stopped a hungry North Carolina attack, goalkeeper Tara Campbell found herself lying on the ground as the ball slowly Game rolled away from grasp and into Analysis her the net. In the aftermath, even Campbell could not explain exactly how the game-winning goal had been scored. “It’s kind of a blur,” she said. “I know a ball got crossed in and [defender Alex Straton] was there. I don’t know if she miscleared it or if [North Carolina’s Kealia Ohai] blocked the clear.” With Straton and Ohai tangled on the ground fighting for the ball, it was the Tar Heel’s toe that managed to reach the ball first, weakly sending it into the net. And though the loss may have been particularly demoralizing, it did provide Duke with plenty of constructive takeaways. The Blue Devils should consider it one of their finest defensive performances this season. Throughout the majority of the first half, the Tar Heels dominated possession while Duke’s offensive movements could only be described as messy and unorganized, leading to a heightened burden on the defenders.

“I thought the game was lost in the first half. I thought we didn’t play well,” head coach Robbie Church said. “The first half we didn’t have an aggressive mentality. I thought we were quiet... we were scared.” Church’s sentiments are reflected in the statistics. With two minutes remaining in the opening period, the Blue Devils had shot the ball a paltry four times, compared to their opponent’s seven attempts. In the first half alone, the Tar Heels enjoyed eight corner kicks to Duke’s one. The game could have been much worse for Duke if its defenders had not stepped up. In particular, junior Libby Jandl, along with sophomores Natasha Anasi and Straton—who combined for a total of two minutes of rest—were responsible for holding off the aggressive Tar Heels. “We were sitting back a little bit... Carolina comes out hard, and we took the brunt of their initial wave,” Campbell said. “They defended great for us for the rest of the game. I think it’s really unlucky that they got one at the end of the game.” Unfortunately for the Blue Devils, the midfielders and forwards did not match the level of their defensive counterpart’s performance. Instead, their play was characterized by missed opportunities and reckless errors. In particular, Mollie Pathman, Chelsea Canepa and Kim DeCesare all had chances to put the ball in the net that they were unable to capitalize on. And at the end of the night, these squandered chances were the reason Duke came away with its first conference loss.

fromstaffreports Former Duke stars arrive for Countdown

Men’s soccer faces top ACC foe

Gerald Henderson, J.J. Redick and Nolan Smith will be in Cameron Indoor Stadium Friday night for Countdown to Craziness, head men’s basketball coach Mike Krzyzewski said Wednesday. A trio of recruits will also be in the stands during the third annual season kickoff event. Rasheed Sulaimon, Duke’s lone commit in the class of 2012, along with guards Matt Jones and JaQuel Richmond of the class of 2013 and 2014, respectively, reportedly will be in attendance. Doors open at 7:30 p.m., followed by player introductions an hour later. The intrasquad Blue-White scrimmage, comprising two 12-minute halves, will start at 8:55 p.m. before the night concludes with a dunk contest. The festivities will be broadcast live in their entirety on Highlights can be seen on ESPNU as a part of the network’s Midnight Madness special.

Duke will put its seven game win streak on the line when they travel to College Park to face Maryland Friday night. The No. 22 Blue Devils (7-4-1, 3-1-1 in the ACC) come into the match tied atop the ACC standings with No. 2 North Carolina while the No. 3 Terrapins (12-1-1, 3-1-0) sit just one point behind, tied with No. 25 Virginia. Both Duke and Maryland’s lone ACC loss on the season came at the hands of the Cavaliers. The Blue Devils fell 2-0 to Maryland in College Park last Oct., but the team has not lost a game this season since Sept. 9. This game features the top two scoring offenses in the ACC. Duke is led by dynamic striker Andrew Wenger, whose 15 goals and 37 points are tops in the country. Maryland relies heavily on senior forward Casey Townshend, who ranks second in the ACC behind Wenger in goals and points, and junior midfielder John Stertzer, whose 9 goals on the season rank fourth in the conference.


Natashi Anasi helped the Duke defense hold the ACC’s most potent attack scoreless until the 87th minute.


Duke set for BC, MD by Hunter Nisonoff THE CHRONICLE

After a rough start in conference play, Duke is looking to continue its climb back toward the top of the ACC. The Blue Devils (10-6, 4-3 in the ACC) will take on Boston College (6-12, 2-5) Friday at 4:30 p.m. and Boston Maryland (9-10, College 3-4) Saturday at 7:30 vs. p.m. at Cameron Indoor Stadium. Duke H i s t o r i c a l l y, Duke has fared well FRIDAY, 4:30 p.m. against the Eagles, Cameron Indoor Stadium having beat them in their last 11 matchups. The Blue Maryland Devils know the vs. dangers of overconfidence, though, Duke since the Terrapins beat them last seaSATURDAY, 7:30 p.m. son for the first Cameron Indoor Stadium time in four years. “Boston College has changed a lot in the past year,” junior Nailah Waterfield said. “They are not the same team that we have played in the past.... We want to make sure that we are as ready for them as they are for us.” Head coach Jolene Nagel explained that the team has had a lot of late nights on the road over a very busy past two weeks, including trips to Virginia and

Florida, which left them less practice time than they are used to. “We have been working specifically on blocking and conditioning,” Nagel said. “We are going to need to be well-conditioned for this week’s schedule.” Improved blocking will be especially important against Maryland, considering the Terrapins hit at a .338 clip in their win over Duke last season, the highest hitting percentage the Blue Devils allowed all last year. “There is definitely a little fire there to get that win back from them,” Waterfield said. Both Boston College and Maryland will be arriving to Durham having combined to lose five of their last six games. The Blue Devils, on the other hand, are looking to continue their recent success, including wins against both Virginia and Virginia Tech. Despite the struggles of its upcoming opponents, though, Duke cannot afford to lose any more ground in the conference standings, where it currently sits three games behind ACC leader Florida State and two games short of the rival Tar Heels. “[Getting two wins] would definitely be good for our confidence going into the North Carolina match that is coming up [Oct. 19],” Waterfield said. For a Blue Devil squad looking to recapture its top spot in the conference, this weekend’s games provide an excellent opportunity to regain ground on the ACC frontrunners.


FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 11

W. SOCCER from page 1


Katie Trees and the Blue Devils earned several scoring chances in the second half, but could not convert.

offensive threats and were forced to adapt their offensive scheme—a transition that took nearly an entire half to set in. Duke started off slowly and was lucky not to concede an early goal to a high-powered North Carolina offense, which dominated possession through the first third of the game. Tar Heel sophomore Crystal Dunn routinely bullied her way past the Duke defenders and used her speed to pose a significant threat. In the 18th minute, only the heroics of junior center back Libby Jandl kept Dunn from a breakaway chance. With Dunn heading toward the goal after an elevated through-ball from midfielder Amber Brooks found its mark, Jandl made a lastditch tackle in the open field to stall the attack for the Tar Heels. Just a few moments later, Dunn again had North Carolina knocking on the door when she broke free down the left flank and centered the ball for Ohai. From 25 yards out, the striker had time to pick a target and tried to curl a shot around Campbell at the far post, but blasted the chance over the crossbar. Although the Tar Heels were able to break down the Duke defense on the flanks, center backs Natasha Anasi and Jandl did a masterful job of keeping themselves between the ball and the goal, doing enough to disrupt Ohai and the rest of the North Carolina attackers. “I think our backs played pretty well,� Campbell said. “We took the brunt of their initial wave [of possession] and then settled in and defended [well] the rest of the game.� Chances were rare for the Blue Devils in the opening period, but substitutes Chelsea Canepa and Kim DeCesare helped even the run of play for Duke, and each easily could have scored. Canepa had a look at an open goal in the 30th minute after a handling error from North Carolina goalkeeper Ad-

elaide Gay, but the senior rushed the shot from a narrow angle and the ball rolled harmlessly across the face of goal. Despite being thoroughly outplayed in the first 45 minutes, Church stuck with his starting lineup to begin the second half, and his players rewarded him with their effort. Duke finally began to string together creative passing spells, but still was unable to convert in front of goal. Employing a much wider attack than what was seen in the first half, the Blue Devils broke the Tar Heels defense down with long through passes, mostly distributed by midfielder Kaitlyn Kerr. In the 59th minute, Kerr’s incisive pass along the ground to an unmarked Laura Weinberg scrambled the defense, and allowed Mollie Pathman to find space at the top of the box. Weinberg passed to Pathman, giving her time to shoot, but the sophomore delivered a disappointing left-footed strike that flew straight to the goalkeeper. Freshman Katie Trees, who played a career-high 21 minutes in Cobb’s absence, had Duke’s best opportunity of the game with just nine minutes left on the clock. Trees weaved through two defenders and had a clear shot on goal, but nicked the ball with her left plant foot, and could not connect cleanly with her right, blowing her shot wide of the near post. The Blue Devils’ offensive inefficiency would be punished later, when a handball by DeCesare enabled one last chance for the Tar Heels. Courtney Jones lobbed a free kick into the penalty area, and the ball eventually fell to Ohai, just a few yards away from the goal line. Ohai and defender Alex Straton tangled and the North Carolina striker fell to the ground, but was able to flick the ball past Straton and Campbell, giving the Tar Heels a lead with just 2:45 remaining. “They capitalized on their opportunity,� Kerr said. “In big games, big players have to step up and capitalize.�

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The Chronicle classified advertising

deadline : 12:00 noon 1 business day prior to publication



Review for GPHR exam Oct. 26-29

ad submission : online: email: fax to: 919-684-8295 • phone orders: (919)-684-3811 No refunds or cancellations after first insertion deadline ADVERTISERS: Please check your advertisement for errors on the first day of publication. If you find an error, please call 919-684-3811. The Chronicle only accepts responsibility for the first incorrect day for ads entered by our office staff. We cannot offer make-good runs for errors in ads placed online by the customer.

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DUKE IN VENICE SUMMER 2012 Interested in learning more about Venetian civilization, culture, and art history?


Duke in Venice info meeting Tuesday, Oct. 18, 5:00pm in Languages 312. Summer Scholarships are available. To apply online after Nov. 1, visit http://


Looking for Duke students to run and write for Devilhoops. com. A site dedicated to Duke basketball. Hopefully taking over the site as your own.

Meet the 2012 Faculty Director, Prof. Valerie Finucci (Romance Language Dept), and find out more about the summer program.

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FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 13

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle real world stereotypes: downturn victims: ............................................................katie, nick non-mainstream belief system: ...........................nickyle, saneditor product of alt-schooling:......................................................... cchen emo subculture: ........................................................................ drew elite athletes: ....................................................................... ctcusack recovering addicts: .................... liz, yvonne, brit, aa-a, dall, sophia foster care system: .........................................................jaems, dalis affected by natural disaster: ..................................................amalia Barb Starbuck abstains from reality tv:.................................... Barb

Ink Pen Phil Dunlap

Student Advertising Manager: .........................................Amber Su Student Account Executive: ...................................Michael Sullivan Account Representatives: .......Cort Ahl, James Sinclair, Will Geary, Jen Bahadur, Courtney Clower, Peter Chapin, James Sinclair, Daniel Perlin, Emily Shiau, Andy Moore, Allison Rhyne Creative Services Student Manager: .......................... Megan Meza Creative Services: ................Lauren Bledsoe, Danjie Fang, Mao Hu Caitlin Johnson, Erica Kim, Brianna Nofil Business Assistant: ........................................................Joslyn Dunn


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The Independent Daily at Duke University

The Chronicle

14 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011

Clear up financial aid ambiguity Financial aid has im- is contingent upon making mense importance at Duke. “satisfactory academic progCurrently, more than 40 per- ress” as dictated by their unicent of Duke undergradu- versity. Among other things, ates receive financial aid in all University policies must the form of grants, loans or “specif[y] the grade point work-study agreements, and average (GPA) that a student Duke prides must achieve editorial itself on its abilat each evaluity to completely cover a stu- ation, or if a GPA is not dent’s demonstrated finan- an appropriate qualitative cial need. measure, a comparable asFinancial aid allows thou- sessment measured against sands of undergraduates to a norm.” Furthermore, “if a attend Duke without put- student is enrolled in an eduting undue financial stress cational program of more on their families. But a July than two academic years, the 1 change to the federal Pro- policy [must] specif[y] that gram Integrity Regulations at the end of the second acahas generated ambiguity in demic year, the student must Duke’s financial aid poli- have a GPA of at least a ‘C’ cies. According to the new or its equivalent, or have an federal guidelines, students’ academic standing consistent continued receipt of fed- with the institution’s requireeral and state financial aid ments for graduation.”

this is making me hungry

—“wakaflocka” commenting on the story “Pitchfork Provisions successful during first months of operation” See more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

Failure to uphold these requirements could lead to the suspension or elimination of need-based aid—a serious repercussion for students who rely on the grants to attend school. Many of Duke’s peer institutions have noted or codified these changes. For instance, the Stanford Financial Aid Office updated its website Sept. 26 to reflect the fact that students must possess a 2.0 GPA to maintain financial aid eligibility. The Stanford Daily reported Oct. 11 that the Financial Aid Office will follow up on this change by contacting affected students about their academic progress. This sort of update has been conspicuously absent at Duke. The Duke Financial Aid website’s notices for the

month of July make no mention of the changes, despite the fact that other financial aid developments, like the elimination of the Robert C. Byrd Scholarship Program, have been posted. What’s more, the 2011-2012 Financial Aid Policies and Procedures Manual lists no minimum GPA requirement—2.0 or otherwise—for continuation of financial aid under the section describing satisfactory academic progress. We don’t claim that the University has not implemented this policy—federal standards allow universities to set their own standards, and the University may have set some other standard of which we are not aware. But the apparent dissonance between federal and University

policies creates an ambiguity that should be resolved. When the new standards were released last October and put into practice in July, Duke Financial Aid missed a chance to publicly explicate the new policies. It should do so now. Although the number of students affected may be quite low, the news could cast uncertainty over their continued ability to receive federal and state financial aid. The University has a plethora of distribution channels to convey these changes in an effective manner. What might seem like a pedantic ambiguity could have serious consequences for some students, and financial aid is important enough for the University to address this ambiguity head on.

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cts of kindness are contagious—we’ve all face that she felt the same way. As we sipped on heard this adage, and from time to time coffee he recounted his family history in a slew we might even be lucky enough to wit- of what was essentially sign language. His famness one of these prophesied acts, ily had lived in the marble village whether it’s someone catching for hundreds (if not thousands) of that piece of homework fluttering years, and his mother was the vilaway on the wind after you’ve just lage weaver. His love for her was dropped all your earthly possesobvious as he proudly showed us sions, or if it’s a simple smile from two examples of her handiwork. a stranger on a bad day where We could scarcely believe it when nothing seems to be going right. our generous host wrapped the inThese acts of kindness often spur leilani doktor tricate blankets in plastic bags and other acts of kindness, and start a pushed them towards us. When I make her say cycle of goodness in a world that asked him where his mother was often seems full of indifference. now he looked down and told me But I wish to tell a story of true generosity and she was long dead, but that it would be an honor hospitality, the kind that many of us no longer if we would take her fabric as a gift. We gratefully believe in. accepted his present as he led us to the local tavIt was our first free day of the Duke in Greece erna, which overlooked the beautiful mountain program. We were on the island of Naxos, in landscape. Morgan and I enjoyed the local cheese the middle of the islands of Cyclades. The main and a Greek salad as Petros sipped on the local town of Grotta was tiny, composed of alabaster liquor, or “fire water.” He generously showed us buildings and a slew of churches, and enveloped the best of Aperanthos, and his story is one I will in a distinct “Mama Mia” feel. My friend Morgan never forget. and I bought bus tickets, and we ventured into Petros’ generosity and hospitality were some the heart of the island to the village of Aperan- things I thought had perished long before the thos. After an hour of winding through the dawn of Western imperialism. To take in and mountains on a one-lane road, the coach bus host complete strangers were things I had read arrived in the marble village. about Greek culture in the Odyssey, but defiAs we attempted to walk to the top of the nitely not something I had expected during town along what we assumed was the main av- my summer trip to Greece to study philosophy. enue, we became utterly lost in the labyrinth of Nevertheless, it prompted me to think—if acts narrow, white marble paths. We followed the last of kindness really are contagious, what could chords of Tamikos music right into the snarls of happen if we all employed this kind of generostwo huge border collie-german shepherd mixes. ity in our lives? As we are buried under mounSlightly terrified, Morgan and I cowered as an tains of work, we should take Petros’ actions as imposing Greek man stepped out of his court- an example of how acts random kindness can yard, dressed in all camo from head to toe. He truly improve our lives. Perhaps if we show this yelled authoritatively at the dogs, who calmed kind of generosity to the people that surround down immediately, and gave us a toothy smile. us everyday, we could start build a community Standing at about 6 feet 4 inches with broad of kindness, and relieve some of the burdens shoulders and a grizzly salt-and-pepper beard, we all carry. If we could recover from our somehe insisted that we come inside. Going against what jaded outlook on the morality of humaneverything my dad ever told me, I entered the kind, and believe that our generosity would not one-room house with Morgan to join the friend- be taken advantage of, but rather reciprocated, ly Greek giant, Petros, for a cup of coffee, with maybe we could more effectively help those in the two hunting dogs in pursuit. need. But who knows—perhaps my renewed Surrounded by pictures of generations of fam- faith in man is naive and only a result of the ily members and a portrait of a past patriarch excessive amounts of Plato I’ve read over the with a military uniform tucked in the glass, I ab- course of the past couple of months. sorbed every detail in awe—I felt as though at least five generations of history had hit me on the Leilani Doktor is a Trinity sophomore. Her column head, and I could tell by the look on Morgan’s runs every other Friday. | @DukeChronicle



Movies worth seeing


hen I was a small and impres- ridiculous fight between the screaming sionable child, my parents (as girl and demon/killer/clown is never statistics willed) divorced, leav- seen. Just as you don’t lie at the foot of ing me to travel between the cliff you fell of off in their homes. My father your dream, you just wake lived in the city, away from up. “Drag,” however, keeps my friends, so when he had the camera rolling for work to do I was left nescenes that go from scary glected with a Blockbuster to ridiculous and funny. I card. The aisles at Blockcould talk about the gypsy buster became my new curse and the button but home and the employees the plot really isn’t central travis smith my new friends. Just kidto the movie. No, serioussavor the flavor ding, but I did see a whole ly. The director Sam Raimi lot of movies and think I buys into the “entertain, know a few good ones that you may not don’t enlighten” school of movie makhave seen. ing. His movie knows what it is, makes Movie suggestion one: Coming from fun of what it is and entertains you every Baltimore, I’m a big fan of “The Wire.” step of the way. If you aren’t a fan of “The Wire,” then Movie suggestion four: If one of your I just don’t get you. You also won’t be a best friends got into gambling debt with a fan of “City of God,” the former’s much crime boss, you’d have an obligation to do shorter Brazilian cousin. “City of God” whatever it takes to help him, right? It’s a is a 2002 film that illustrates the change get-out-of-morality-free card. Guy Ritchie and growth of organized crime in the Ci- directed a movie in which said morality dade de Deus suburb of Rio de Janeiro. cards are cashed in by four blokes from The movie builds to, and ends with, a war London. They don’t really use them for between two gang leaders that tears the anything besides looking like idiots when slum apart. Like “The Wire,” however, the they store the money and marijuana they real story is about the vicious cycle of pov- steal from their neighbors in their own erty and crime in the respective cities. flat. If you want to see a well-shot, British Movie suggestion two: Imagine your- crime thriller/comedy with an entertainself bringing someone home from that ing cast, then see “Lock Stock and Two epic party last weekend. You’re getting Smoking Barrels.” If you want to see the down to business when, oh no! Her fi- aforementioned movie with a sweating, ancé walks in with a loaded gun. In one shirtless Brad Pitt, see “Snatch” as well. of those kill-or-be-killed situations, you Honorable Mention: Now although kill the man after he shoots you. You now more of you have seen “Eternal Sunshine have a bullet in your chest and three of of the Spotless Mind” than you have the the Wild West’s most highly trained hit- previous films, I included it because it’s men on your tail. Surprise, that guy you the best date movie. You probably won’t killed was pretty important. Fortunately, smooch during it, though, so I don’t know you have an outcast Native American if “best” is the word. named “Nobody” to do peyote with. All Those of you who liked “Black Swan” this happens while Neil Young impro- should know that Darren Aronofsky’s vises the soundtrack. You are the “Dead 2008 film, “The Wrestler,” is just as good Man,” who is coincidently played by even though it grossed a fraction of his Johnny Depp in a black and white exis- latest hit. tential western released in 1995. And to end this glorified list of an artiMovie suggestion three: “Drag Me to cle, I give one final recommendation. See Hell” is a horror movie that makes fun “Drive” while it is still in theaters. Then of horror movies. It’s all very meta. In you can always say, “Oh yea that one, yea I most horror movies, when the machete’s saw that one in theaters.” owner is about to go all “murderball” on some screaming teen, that same screamTravis Smith is a Trinity junior. His coling teen wakes up in a cold sweat. The umn runs every other Friday.

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011 | 15

No hate, just appreciate


was surprised to find out that 26 matter. They should be given the full privstates in the Union allow first cousins ileges and rights that they fight for. They to marry, whereas only six recognize should be able to live in a society that is same-sex marriages. We live hate-free and in a society in a society that is founded where they can freely exon the basis of individual press themselves without freedom and the rights to having to be circumspect pursue one’s happiness. If about secondary opinions. this country is indeed the Imagine if Duke had a land of the free, one should requirement on how the easily be allowed to express campus had to be: that one his or her love to whoever needed not only to be white, tegan joseph he or she desires. Gay marbut to also come from an upmosugu riage is accepted in 10 per-class family. I can assure other countries, including you that a lot of students— be fierce, be real Argentina, Canada, South including myself—would Africa and Sweden. not find themselves at this People argue that gay marriage is a sin school. Instead of this alternate Duke, we against God. I am definitely aware of the reside in a place that embraces diversity. fact that the Bible does not condone ho- Unfortunately, this does not translate to the mosexuality. In fact, it is abominable for a outer world. man to sleep with a man according to the Tyler Clementi, a former Rutgers stulaw in the Bible. What does strike me is the dent who committed suicide after being fact that those who base their argument on teased by classmates because of his homothis fact are the same people that tend to sexuality, shouldn’t have killed himself judge others. The last time I picked up the because of being who he naturally is. How Bible—which was yesterday, by the way— people can be so hateful and judgmental I recall reading that we are not supposed because others choose to embrace who to judge one another and are supposed to they are doesn’t really make sense. love our neighbors as we love ourselves. Whoever I choose to sleep with is Most people argue that the institution none of your business, and vice versa. You of marriage is going to be corrupted if can’t just stereotype a person based on gays are allowed to marry. Wait a second! their sexuality. You’ve never been in the Isn’t the institution of marriage already individual’s shoes. First impressions are corrupted? The Americans for Divorce not always the same. The differences we Reform estimates 40 or 50 percent of perceive that eventually create degrees marriages to end in divorce if the current of separation tend to be the indicators of trends remain like this. The number of the similarities that we as human beings divorces that straight couples get is unbe- have with one another! lievable. I am a firm believer in the exWe should really start uplifting those tension of marriage to everyone because around us. We, as individual entities, need happiness should be inclusive to all. We to begin to take the initiative in making shouldn’t dictate what others ought to do sure that those who are afraid to be who and not to do. There’s no characteristic they are become less frightened and start or quality in this world that is uniform all living a truthful life. Society should not across the board. When we look at race, obstruct happiness because somebody socioeconomic status, gender and other happens to be queer. Since when did betraits, we see differences that make this ing yourself become a social problem? world diverse. Diversity is what makes the It’s OK for you as an individual to be world in which we live interesting and entitled to your opinion. One’s inability unique. I simply do not understand why not to welcome change, however, should we should limit ourselves to just one stan- just not prevent others from seeking and dard definition of marriage. pursuing their own happiness. If two people on this earth love one another, care for and better each other’s Tegan Joseph Mosugu is a Trinity sopholives, the opinions of others should not more. His column runs every other Friday.

16 | FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 2011


PERDUE from page 1 and government relations, wrote in an email Thursday. “She will be able to see firsthand the extent of the investment that the city is making in this project. And since Kunshan looks to the Research Triangle as a model for its own development, we expect the visit will stimulate further ideas for partnership with North Carolina.” The trip—organized by the National Governor’s Association and the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries—will stop in. The trip is meant to help remedy the state’s 10.4 percent unemployment rate, the eighth largest in the nation. Perdue will be accompanied by the state Secretary of Commerce Keith Crisco and five other state and territorial governors representing Washington, Georgia, Hawaii, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. “The main purposes of this trip are economic development and jobs,” Crowley said. “We have 20 or more

meetings scheduled with high-powered industries in Asia that correspond with North Carolina industries. There are some companies that are actively seeking expansion in the U.S., particularly in North Carolina.” The Department of Commerce has budgeted $50,000 for the trip, Crowley said, noting that there will be stops Beijing, Hangzhou, Shanghai, Suzhou and Tokyo. North Carolina’s economic partnerships with China and Japan are the second and fourth most profitable, respectively, Crowley said. China alone spends $2.2 billion per year on North Carolina exports. He noted that these trade relationships are clearly successful but have the potential to grow and be cultivated further. “Doing business is about personal relationships, especially in Asia,” he added. He hopes Perdue will be able to start building many long-term relationships with Asian industrial moguls and encourage them to trade with North Carolina’s companies. These measures would elevate the state’s exports and expand job opportunities.


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There remains some doubt, however, whether Perdue’s mission will trigger these positive results. Michelle Connolly, associate professor of the practice of economics, said she does not believe Perdue’s mission will significantly improve job growth. “It is a waste of time and money,” Connolly said. There are also concerns whether an eight-day overseas trip can impact trade relations enough to spark new or prolong existing trade partnerships, Connolly said. “Trade deals are determined nationally” she added. “I don’t see how this will change the conditions that lead to job creation. The environment in North Carolina is what she should be focusing on if her goal is to create jobs in North Carolina. If it is optimal for [Asian companies] to invest in North Carolina, they will. If it is not optimal, they won’t.” Crowley said, however, that efforts are being made on the North Carolina home front to promote Asian investment. North Carolina recently received a federal grant that will allow the Department of Commerce to educate small and midsize businesses about Asian commerce and help them begin to export their goods if they are not already, he added. “We also work with Chinese and Japanese companies with subsidiaries in North Carolina in order to follow up with them, talk about their growth needs, talk about their expansion needs and talk about how the Department of Commerce can partner up with them,” Crowley noted.

WORKSHOP from page 3 partnerships in the UAE—with groups such as the Dubai International Finance Centre, Young Arab Leaders and the Mohammed Bin Rashid Programme for Leadership Development. The new leadership workshop is Fuqua’s first international executive education program, and it might lead to an even greater Fuqua presence in the region, said Valerie Hausman, assistant dean of global business development and executive education. “We are treating this as a pilot,” Hausman said. “If it’s successful, we will evaluate wether we will expand our programs in Dubai.” The program framework, based on Sitkin and Lind’s leadership model, is a broad approach to leadership, drawing on many different fields to improve leaders’ skills and establish enduring behaviors in a supportive environment, Sitkin said. “[The program] crosses industries and functions to provide a framework for talking about and teaching leadership.” Sitkin said. “Our workshop will draw examples that are tailored to applying the ideas to participants’ specific environment.”

FORECLOSURE from page 5 most productive land banks in the country,” said Alexande. The challenge remains to put those parcels to good use as quickly as possible. Some have been sold for pennies to churches or hospitals, such as the renowned Cleveland Clinic, that want to expand. Others are being redeveloped into rental properties or rehabbed for future sales or turned into community gardens. Even when there’s no immediate productive use, the razed lots are one less eyesore on the landscape. Frangos said eliminating run-down and abandoned buildings helps improve the value of neighboring properties. The donations keep coming, and not just in Cleveland. At the end of August, the nation’s banks, along with Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, had an inventory of more than 816,000 foreclosed properties on their books waiting for a buyer, according to RealtyTrac. An additional 800,000 are working their way through the foreclosure process. At Wells Fargo, Smith said, about a dozen asset managers “scrub these portfolios weekly” in cities such as Chicago and Milwaukee, looking for possible donations. Rebecca Mairone, national mortgage outreach executive for Bank of America, said the company is expanding its donation programs to nearly a dozen cities, including Detroit and Chicago. “It does balance the bank’s best interest with the community’s best interest,” she said. In previous decades, Detroit, perhaps more than any other American city, saw such a vast swath of buildings torn down as the result of blight that some activists now urge that this land be returned to agriculture.

Oct. 14, 2011 issue  

October 14th, 2011 issue

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