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The Chronicle




Duke exploring use of solar power Duke to offer new summer study options

by Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE

Solar panels atop the Bryan Center are putting Durham sunshine to good use. The Raleigh-based renewable energy company Holocene has installed 45 solar thermal panels on the roof of the Bryan Center. The project, which is overseen by Duke Facilities Management, began Sept. 15 and is slated to be functional by the end of the month, Facilities Management Energy Manager Steve Palumbo said. The goal of the solar panels is to harness the sun’s rays to heat water for the Bryan Center. The project is part of Duke’s climate action plan adopted by the Board of Trustees in 2009. “Now we’re using basically sunlight, which has no carbon emissions, to heat water which would otherwise be heated using some sort of fuel,” Palumbo said. The solar thermal collectors will heat 30 to 40 percent of the building’s hot water, Palumbo said. The panels will absorb heat from the sun and transfer it into water, which is pumped through the panelss’ pipes into a 2,000-gallon holding tank. The water then travels through the tanks in a separately enclosed heat exchange system, picking up heat from the tank until it is hot enough to be piped into the sinks of the rest rooms and restaurants of the Bryan Center. The domestic water—used in restrooms’ sinks and restaurants—is currently heated by steam from the campus steam plants, which burn natural gas. The 4 feet by 10 feet panels sit on the roof over Reynolds Industries Theater in three rows atop galvanized steel frames. The panels are fixed pointing south at a roughly 36-degree angle to better catch the sun, Project Manager Myron Taschuk said, noting that the optimal angle varies depending on latitude. Each panel consists of a translucent blue-green pane of textured glass, which encloses several rows of flat plate collectors. The collectors consist of corrugated copper layers that sandwich the water pipes. Copper acts as a particularly effective heat transmitter, Taschuk added. “People always say that a parked car traps heat inside of it, right?”

by Kristie Kim THE CHRONICLE

Duke students will have the opportunity to study in new global territory next summer. The Global Education Office for Undergraduates recently added four new programs to be offered Summer 2012. The new programs include Duke in the Arab World, which will take place in Doha, Qatar and Cairo, Egypt and focus on Arab culture, language and sociopolitical development; Duke Intensive Spanish in Alicante, an immersive language program in Spain; and Duke in Montreal, a course taught in French focusing on marketing and Canadian cultural studies. The fourth is an improved Duke in Turkey program, which will offer courses in gender studies and geopolitics. The additions bring the total number of summer programs to 19. “These programs will expand our portfolio into regions that have been currently underserved by our existing [ones] and with subject matter that would serve an audience for which there is a high demand for courses,” Margaret Riley, director of the Global Education Office for Undergraduates and an academic dean in Trinity College of Arts & Sciences,



‘Right to Know Pitchfork Provisions succesful Act’ faces lawsuit during first months of operation from rights groups by Christine Chen THE CHRONICLE

by Michael Lee THE CHRONICLE

A recent North Carolina law—the Women’s Right to Know Act—now faces a lawsuit challenging its legality. The law is scheduled to take effect Oct. 26 and will require that women seeking an abortion attend a special counseling session, be shown an ultrasound of the fetus, and wait 24 hours before undergoing the procedure. The American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina Legal Foundation, Planned Parenthood of Central North Carolina and the Center for Reproductive Rights filed a lawsuit Sept. 29 on the grounds that the legislation violates constitutional rights and medical ethics. The hearing has been scheduled for Oct. 17 at the federal courthouse in Greensboro, and prosecutors have requested a

Pitchfork Provisions is seeing higher sales than former Tower tenants, though administrators will continue to review students’ satisfaction with the eatery. The 24-hour restaurant—which replaced The Tower at the start of this academic year—has garnered higher sales and more customers than its predecessor, said Rick Johnson, assistant vice president for Housing, Dining and Residence Life. “The response has been great, kids seem really excited about the menu,” Pitchfork Provisions coOwner Sam Clowney said. “We thought for sure some items would disappear, but everything is selling.” Some students, however, have expressed dissatisfaction with particular aspects of the eatery, particularly the pricing.


No. 3 Duke — No. 10 UNC Blue Devils travel to Chapel Hill to face rival Tar Heels, PAGE 7



Pitchfork Provisions in McClendon Tower, which replaced The Tower this year, has experienced more success than its predecessors.

House model plans discussed at DSG meeting, Page 3

2 | THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011



Class struggle a problem in college admissions

WASHINGTON, D.C. — It has become fashionable for our most selective colleges to worry about being as representative of American diversity as suburban country clubs. College admissions experts conferring at the University of Southern California this year were so alarmed that they suggested our most prestigious campuses add space for another 100 students in each class and fill those slots with lowincome kids. Why are our choosiest colleges so dominated by affluent white or Asian students? The explanations are many: not enough financial aid, inadequate preparation in inner-city high schools, poor students’ discomfort mixing with rich kids. Michael N. Bastedo of Michigan and Ozan Jaquette of Arizona say this has frustrated the dreams of hardworking kids in cities such as Baltimore, Chicago and Philadelphia.



onschedule at Duke... Live for Life Health Fair

International Conversation Café

Millionaires pay less taxes Egyptian military leaders than middle class families deny killing protesters WASHINGTON, D.C. — A quarter of millionaires in the United States pay a smaller share of their income in federal taxes than many middle-class families, according to a new congressional analysis that offers fresh support for President Barack Obama’s push to raise taxes on the nation’s wealthy.

CAIRO — Egypt’s military leaders denied Wednesday that soldiers had purposely killed Christian protesters in the capital last weekend, saying in their first public statement since the deadly incident that troops had opened fire in response to attacks by rock-throwing demonstrators.

Bryan Center Meeting Room B, 12:30-1:30p.m. Non-native and native English speakers will converse about current events and culture.

Duke Campus Farm Workday Duke Campus Farm, 4-7p.m. People will learn how food is grown and meet others from the Duke community who are interested in food.

Our Lives Discussion Group LGBT Center, 6:30-7:30p.m. LGBT students and their allies will have open dialogues and confidential discussions.

TODAY IN HISTORY 1792: White House cornerstone laid.

“The bassist for Sugarhill Gang’s rap anthem ‘Rapper’s Delight’ just completed his newest project—a song for Duke football.Chip Shearin, a Duke graduate and current owner of KEO Record Producing, put together ‘We Are Duke!’ to help rally support... .” — From The Blue Zone


Durham Regional Hospital, 10a.m.-3p.m. Free activities offered at the fair include health screenings, chair massage, ZUMBA, strength training and cooking demonstrations. There will also be drawings, prizes and much more.

A woodland in full color is awesome as a forest fire, in magnitude at least, but a single tree is like a dancing tongue of flame to warm the heart. — Hal Borland

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Protesters camp in New York’s financial district for their fourth week. Wall Street executives say they are unhappy as well. In interviews, executives blame government interference. They also believe the lack of global stability will not trump the current slump and that the decline may last for years.

In the print edition of the October 12, 2011 issue, the caption in the front page feapic “Beer Me” identified a booth as being operated by Rebellious Brewing. The booth was operated by Roth Brewing. The Chronicle regrets the error.


THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011 | 3


‘Occupy Duke’ group DSG discusses alternative debates potential action house model proposal by Shucao Mo by Sarah Patterson THE CHRONICLE

Members of Duke Student Government continued to discuss potential developments for next year’s house model at their meeting Wednesday. DSG representatives met with University administrators last Thursday about the group’s revised model suggested in a town hall meeting Oct. 5. The revisions included the concept of “continued communities�—the idea that students would continue living with students from their freshman residence halls throughout their four years at Duke if they choose to remain unaffiliated from selective living groups on campus. Since its introduction last week, members of the Senate said some students were confused about the implications of this revised model, particularly in the long term. When asked about the probability of the new program’s implementation, members of the DSG executive board said although the structure of the new model for next year has already been decided, year two is open to revision. “Basically, the room assignment process for next year has already been implemented on the programming side of [Housing, Dining and Residence Life], which makes changing things for next year complicated,� said DSG President Pete Schork, a senior. “When we originally made the proposal [for revisions to the house model], we thought it would be

for year one, but beyond year one there is a lot of leeway in terms of what happens. Now we’re working on possibilities for year two and beyond, and we’re still in dialogue with students about whether [these changes] are something that people really agree with.� Some senators expressed concern regarding the possibility of following through with continued community model, since many advocates of this model will graduate before it can be implemented. Members of the executive board noted, however, that although a housing committee has not yet been created, it will include primarily sophomore and junior students to ensure DSG’s ability to follow through with its revisions. Schork said he was pleased with the administration’s response to the new suggestions. “[The administrators] were pretty open to considering the new house model and were pleased that we put time and energy into creating it, so the response was definitely positive,� Schork said. In other business: Members of the Senate also discussed the future of Football Gameday. Although DSG hoped to reach an agreement with the administration about appropriate Gameday celebrations in time for this year’s season, SEE DSG ON PAGE 5


A movement protesting the wealth gap in the United States has caught the attention of some Duke students. About 40 members of the campus group Occupy Duke gathered Wednesday night to discuss ways to show their solidarity with the Occupy Wall Street movement— a network of demonstrations whose goal is to reduce corporations’ influence on government. Their discussion included debate about Occupy Duke’s relationship with Occupy Durham, a similar movement based in the Bull City which rallied Oct 3. The group has used a Facebook page to create a platform and draw support from the student body. Sophomore Jacob Tobia said he supports radical activism on campus. “Duke students should occupy the Allen Building with Durhamites,� Tobia said. “Bring the ivory tower down to earth.� Summer Puente, Trinity ’11 and literacy specialist at the Duke Community Service Center, said students should use this opportunity to connect with Durham. “Bring [Occupy Wall Street] in locally—fight for the people who serve you food,� Puente said. “It’s really exciting when Duke students do leave campus. Durham doesn’t feel the love [of Duke] very much.� Duke students should participate actively in the protest to draw attention to the broader movement in Durham and other parts of the country, said Ben Craw-

ford, Music ’11 and Trinity ’02. “What would be perceived if [passersby on Duke campus] see Duke—the rich kids’ playground—camp out?� Crawford said. “People [should] camp out here and help deliver food as a support for Occupy Durham.� Sophomore Maria Benitez said Occupy Duke should remain separate from its Durham counterpart because it wants to advocate its cause to a different target demographic. “We have easy access to outside speakers who come to Duke, faculties that see the world in economic terms and students that are going to work in Wall Street,� Arias said. Some attendees said that Duke can at times be a symbol of corporatism. “Duke is the symbol of power in Durham,� sophomore Sunny Frothingham said. “We can treat Duke as a separate community to reach out to Durham—the real world.� In addition to discussing whether administrators would permit camping out on Main West Quadrangle in protest and whether Occupy Duke should be integrated with Occupy Durham, the group discussed the general need to further articulate the group’s mission. “The whole country is watching. We can all point out the problems—but do we offer solutions?� junior Santiago FernandezMaldonado said. “This movement’s greatest SEE OCCUPY ON PAGE 6

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4 | THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011


Monkey study may have benefits for paralytics by Melissa Dalis THE CHRONICLE

A recent Duke study reveals the benefits of brain power. In a study published Oct. 5 in Nature, two monkeys moved virtual avatars using their minds without physically moving their bodies. Researchers believe the results will lead to functional robotic exoskeletons—devices that utilize electrical stimulation to move paralyzed limbs—for humans. In the future, paralyzed patients may be able to use this technology to help them walk again. “[The monkeys’] brain activity was similar to when they use their own hands to touch something,” said Miguel Nicolelis, co-director of the Duke University Center for Neuroengineering and lead researcher of the study. “They behaved like the avatar was their own arm, and when we touched their virtual arm, their brain cells responded as if we were touching their own arm.” The exoskeleton vest contains motors,

which are activated by a patient’s brain activity, Nicolelis said. The brain activity created when a patient thinks about moving is transmitted to these motors, which then tells the body to move its arms or legs. Each time the avatar hand touched objects virtually, the monkeys sensed this touch physically from the exoskeleton they wore, Mikhail Lebedev, senior research scientist in neurobiology at Duke and co-author of the study, wrote in an email Saturday. “This was the first study in which a user of a neuroprosthetic device—virtual avatar arm—not only moved the device by thinking... but also received artificial sensations from the device in the form of electrical pulses that were delivered to the sensory area of the brain,” Lebedev said. This study introduces the possibility for an entire generation of sensory prosthetic arms, legs, exoskeletons and other devices, he added. For example, this technology can be

used for people with a prosthetic arm who want to be able to feel their arm without actually looking at it, said Eric Thomson, a postdoctoral researcher at Nicolelis’ lab and a researcher for the study. “If we were to walk around without any sensory feedback, it would be pretty tough,” Thomson said. “We would be very, very clumsy—we would just fall.” Thomson stressed the importance of the feedback loop between the brain and body in the success of a person learning to walk again. “We think that they will learn much faster and really incorporate these exoskeletons into their body image if we actually have this feedback in the patient’s brain so that they literally... feel like they’re moving their own body,” Thomson said. Thomson compared this process to learning to drive a car. Eventually, after driving for a long time, a person can drive automatically without consciously thinking about it, he said. With feedback

from the speedometer or gas gauge, however, navigating would be much more intuitive, he said. To move toward the goal of helping paralyzed patients, the next step in the research is to conduct clinical trials, Nicolelis said. In the Walk Again Project, an international nonprofit group, a consortium of labs across the world will be working on building the most effective exoskeleton and studying the brain-exoskeleton interface in order to enable paraplegics to walk again, kick a soccer ball and participate in other physical activities, Thomson said. Before transitioning to human trials, however, the team needs to ensure that all safeguards are in place, including keeping the test subjects safe, he added. “Monkeys are precious, and we don’t do any frivolous surgeries or anything with the monkeys—we test it out before that,” Thomson said. “[But working with] humans is another quantum leap.”

Republicans increasingly see Romney as eventual candidate by Perry Bacon Jr. and Philip Rucker THE WASHINGTON POST

NASHUA, N.H. — Buoyed by a series of strong debate performances, Mitt Romney is suddenly attracting new support from major donors and elected officials, some of whom had resisted his previous entreaties, as people across the GOP grow more accepting of the presidential contender as the party's standard-bearer. “He’s viewed as an almost inevitable candidate,” said longtime strategist Ed Rollins, who until last month managed the campaign of Rep. Michele Bachmann of Minnesota, one of Romney's opponents. “He's the heavy favorite.” The party establishment seemed to be moving Romney's way, even as a new national poll highlighted the volatility of the race. The Wall Street Journal-NBC News survey showed Herman Cain for the first time leading Romney, 27 percent to 23 percent, and Texas Gov. Rick Perry third, with 16 percent. On Wednesday, Sen. Thad Cochran, R-Miss., and former House Speaker Dennis Hastert, R-Ill., became the latest in a string of current and former elected officials who have backed Romney over the past week. Former Republi-

can National Committee chairman Jim Nicholson, hedge fund manager Paul Singer and Home Depot co-founder Ken Langone are among the major Republican fundraisers supporting the candidate. “It's all coming together for him,” said Cochran, who formally endorsed Romney on Wednesday. “People are beginning to be impressed with him and his thoughtful comments about the issues.” The shift is being noticed not just among Republicans, but Democrats as well. In Chicago, President Barack Obama’s campaign advisers increasingly view Romney as the most likely general-election foe and on Wednesday they attacked the former Massachusetts governor as taking “diametrically opposite positions” on key issues during his political career. With three months until primary voting begins, Romney and his political team are hoping to leave an increasingly narrow path for his opponents by consolidating as much of the GOP around his candidacy as possible. Still, considerable obstacles stand in Romney’s way to the nomination, namely winning over social conservatives and tea party activists who have been uneasy with the health-care overhaul he championed as governor of Mas-

sachusetts, as well as his shifting positions on abortion and same-sex marriage. An NBC News-Marist poll released Tuesday found that Romney trailed Cain by 16 percentage points—31 percent to 15 percent—among Republicans in Iowa who consider themselves supporters of the tea party movement. Perry, considered Romney's most durable rival, is trying to exploit those weaknesses and may soon open a new front in the nomination battle. After raising $17 million in the last fundraising quarter, Perry has the money to run commercials attacking Romney in all the early-voting states. “Romney has done well to sort of regain the front-runner status, but I believe Governor Perry is going to be the alternative, the authentic conservative,” said Henry Barbour, a Perry backer and Republican National Committee member from Mississippi. “And the conservative candidate usually wins in Republican primaries.” Perry has been dropping in the polls, losing ground to the surging Cain. And in a sign that Romney thinks he has already vanquished Perry, Romney shifted his campaign message this week away from attacks on Perry's immigration and Social Security record and toward Obama, stressing populist appeals to the middle class that he could carry into a general election. Meanwhile, Obama’s top political strategist, David Axelrod, organized a conference call with reporters Wednesday to criticize Romney as taking conflicting positions on health care, taxes and Chinese currency manipulation. “Across the political spectrum, people have the same question—if you are willing to change positions on fundamental issues of principle, how can we know what you will do as president? How can we trust who you are?” Axelrod said. Even as Romney touted new endorsements, he made clear that he is taking nothing for granted. “I’m not sure I'm the nominee yet,” he quipped in Tuesday night’s Washington Post-Bloomberg debate, after being asked whom he would nominate to chair the Federal Reserve. “Anybody who gets caught up in the inevitability thing is making a huge mistake,” said a senior Romney adviser, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss campaign strategy. “In Iowa and New Hampshire, you have to earn it, and the minute you think you don’t, you will lose it.” Romney’s wife, Ann, carried this message Wednesday to Martha’s Exchange here on Nashua’s Main Street, telling a women's luncheon—”We all know that Mitt’s doing well here, but we don't take that for granted. We know how hard you have to work for every vote in this state.” Her eyes misting and her voice cracking, Ann Romney offered an emotional testimonial of how her husband stuck by her side when she found out she had multiple sclerosis. Then she touted his economic know-how. “I think more and more people are figuring out that Mitt is the one that knows what he’s talking about, that understands not just our economy but world economies, and understands and has the intellectual capacity to be able to deal with a lot of different situations,” she said. SEE ROMNEY ON PAGE 5


THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011 | 5

PITCHFORK from page 1

ROMNEY from page 4

”I heard the food was good, but the price is too expensive,” senior Chris Kizer said. Executive Chef Chris Holloway, who co-owns and operates the eatery with Clowney, said he acknowledges that Pitchfork prices are high compared to other eateries, but emphasized that the quality of the food is worth it because it is freshly prepared. “[Our burger prices are] a little beyond the price of the average burger, but it is not what you’d pay at [Plate and Pitchfork],” Holloway said. Johnson said Pitchfork Provisions’ increased financial success reflects students’ satisfaction with the eatery and the convenience of its 24-hour schedule. Peak hours at the venue are usually around dinner, from 5:30 p.m. to 11 p.m., Clowney said, noting that the end of the week is more popular when students have more free time. He said he would like to see a more consistent turnout. Clowney and Halloway, who also co-own and operate Plate and Pitchfork, said they could not release specific data regarding sales and attendance. “While the very late-night sales are not strong and there are very few customers between 2 a.m. and 7 a.m., this was a pilot program to see if the need existed for another 24-hour operation on West Campus,” Johnson wrote in an email Wednesday. “We are going to continue to review it and listen to students.“ The administration has been working to incorporate an additional 24-hour eatery on campus for some time—McDonald’s was previously the only option. “We were looking for a vendor partner who would serve great food and meet the needs of the students in the Edens/Keohane area including late night,” Johnson said. As executive chef, Holloway said his vision for the menu was to offer variety as well as healthier and more flavorful choices, a number of which could accommodate vegetarians and vegans. Hamburgers are the most popular items on the menu, though the shrimp po’ boy, the New England Lobster Roll, the Salmon Hot Pot and the Vindaloo are other well-liked dishes. Junior Emilie Marchetti said she preferred The Tower’s simpler menu to Pitchfork Provisions current offerings. “The steak is really good, but I miss The Tower,” she said. Clowney noted that although many students dine at Pitchfork Provisions, it is too early to deem the restaurant a success. “Every time a new vendor opens everyone is really excited, then some of it wears off,” Clowney said. “We are definitely trying to fix mistakes right then and there.”

Cochran said the former governor's steady hand is what so many people found impressive. “Mitt Romney is running the kind of campaign in a deliberate, careful, professional way that builds a sense of confidence by the American people that he could serve very ably as our president.” A series of factors have shifted the race decidedly in Romney’s favor. Perry’s fall and Cain’s rise seem to be splintering the votes of conservatives who don't like Romney, raising the prospect of Romney winning by plurality in such early-voting states as Iowa and South Carolina. What’s more, the decision of New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, who would have posed a serious threat, not to run and then to endorse Romney “pulled the cork,” in the words of one Romney adviser, on a bevy of major Republican donors who had been sitting on the sidelines. The new “bundlers,” working to curry favor with Romney, are filling the candidate's October and November

calendar with fundraising events in Florida, New York and elsewhere. In an interview, Iowa Gov. Terry Branstad, who has not endorsed a candidate, said Romney called him on Wednesday. He said the Christie endorsement could help Romney in the Hawkeye State. “That definitely will cause some people to give Romney another look,” Branstad said. One top party strategist, who has deep roots among social conservatives, said that grass-roots activists who have been cool to Romney are realizing that he may be the party's best pick to face Obama. “I think there's a growing realization among the party regulars and the consultant and donor class that borders on almost inevitability,” said the strategist, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the race candidly. But other Republicans cautioned that although Romney has more sustained momentum than any other candidate, this has been an unusually fluid race and more surprises could be in store.

MAKE A DIFFERENCE DAY ‘11 Saturday, October 22

Help Duke Make a Difference! Saturday, October 22 10:00 a.m. - 12:00p.m.

Come help our partner neighborhood, Burch Avenue, as we beauƟfy their park and complete a path for handicap accessibility. Gloves provided. When: 10/22 from 10:00 a.m. – Noon Where: Burch Avenue Park (within walking distance of East Campus) 816 Burch Avenue, Durham, 27712


To pre-register please contact


DSG from page 3 disagreements regarding the propriety and location of Gameday activities has turned DSG’s focus to next year. “The response we’ve gotten from administrators is overall [skeptical]. We’re working on [Gameday] but the timeline has not worked out in our favor,” Schork said. Executive representatives also responded to questions about the upcoming West Union renovations and relocation of some student groups. Since Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta’s presentation of the plans to the student body last week, the board discussed how many students have expressed disappointment about the relocation of certain organizations such as the Center for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Life and the Mary Lou Williams Center for Black Culture. Senior Kaveh Danesh, vice president for academic affairs, said details about the West Union renovation plans and where student groups will be relocated are not yet finalized, adding that it is important for students to maintain an open mind. “All ideas for the building are purely conceptual,” Danesh said. “There has been a fair amount of cynicism from students who think that the plan has already been decided, but contrary to popular belief, everything is still in progress.”

Follow us: @dukechronicle

DukeJourneys A dinner series with members of the Duke community who have had significant global and/or civic experiences

Hardy Vieux ‘93 Thursday, October 20 6:00 - 7:30 p.m. Nasher Museum of Art Register online at: Space is limited Undergraduates only please

Of Counsel, Blank Rome LLP ~ DC Bar Pro Bono Lawyer of the Year, 2010 ~ Public Policy Major Former student government president ~ Duke Alumni Association president ~ Service trips to Haiti

Hear about Hardy’s path ... imagine your own UNDERGRADUATE


6 | THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011

GLOBAL from page 1 wrote in an email Wednesday. Three of the four programs—those based in Montreal, the Arab World and Alicante—will be led by Duke faculty. Duke in Turkey will be jointly led by faculty from Duke and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Riley said. Duke in Turkey has been offered in the past but will now provide a different set of courses. Riley said she hopes there will be increased interest in the revised Turkey program. In 2010, Duke in Turkey was not offered because it was lacking faculty resources, but it was reinstated Summer 2011, said Erdag GĂśknar, assistant professor of Turkish cultural studies. GĂśknar will serve as the co-director of the revamped program. Starting in 2012, this program will also be offered Fall. “The timing is right with regard to Turkey’s growing regional profile at the intersection of Europe, Eurasia and the Middle East and we now have the faculty resources to make the program permanent.â€? In addition to these developments, the Global Education Office added a course on gender politics to the Turkey program—a unique element from other current study abroad programs. “This is a rare and very exciting opportunity as gender has been central to the operation of politics [in the Middle East],â€? said Banu GĂśkariksel, assistant


professor of geography at UNC-Chapel Hill, who will co-direct the program and teach the course. Junior Ayan Salah, who participated in the Duke in Turkey program this last summer, said she was very impressed in both the academic and cultural aspects of her experience and confident in the continued success of the new program. “[It was] a definite enhancement to the cultural component of my academic studies,� Salah said. “I would definitely recommend this experience to my friends.� The Global Education Office boasts high percentages of student participation in global education programs, Riley added. Of the Class of 2011, 43 percent studied abroad. “We strive to keep our offerings relevant to the interests and needs of our faculty and students and anticipate we will continue to facilitate global education opportunities for nearly half of our graduating class,� Riley said. Riley noted that she does not anticipate significant changes in these numbers with the advent of these programs, however, provided there is relative stability in the economy and the global political climate. “There are always variables that contribute to the slight ups and downs we have experienced such as the economy, global issues relating to safety and security and new global offerings Duke has developed that also meet the interests of our students to have an international experience,� Riley said.

OCCUPY from page 3 strength is also its greatest weakness. Its horizontal nature makes it very inclusive and easy to grow, but agreeing on how to come to consensus will be a challenge.� Other attendees wanted to create a space for dialogue about income disparities and corporate influence than a join in national protests. “We need a dialogue for those who go to school with reliance upon financial aid,� junior Sunhay You said, “Duke’s role in the system is not transparent anymore.� Anne Allison, Robert O. Keohane professor of cultural anthropology and professor of women’s studies who attended the meeting, said she remembers the years when college campuses were breeding grounds for social change. “It’s true that it’s a dead period now,� Allison said. “[What’s happening] is very exciting.� Sophomore Lucas Spangher—who recently interacted with Occupy Wall Street

protesters—said he was concerned about how Occupy Duke could portray Duke in a negative light. “We are not suffering—we don’t want to be complaining students,� Spangher said. Michael Munger, professor of political science and economics, said he applauds the efforts of Occupy Duke. He was not present at the meeting Wednesday. “It’s time that someone started fussing about the way both political parties are bought and paid for by investment firms,� Munger wrote in an email Wednesday. “We have created a system where, instead of investing in real assets, the best investments are in failing banks and nations, because we can all count on the bailout.� Munger added that he is skeptical of any substantial changes that will come about from Occupy Wall Street movements in the near future. “At this point, it is too unfocused and too loony. It’s a grab bag do-goodism and sentimentalism,� Munger said. “If it has any effect, it will be to discredit the Left and the Democratic party.�


An Occupy Duke group, composed of around 40 students, meets Wednesday in the Social Psychology Building.


9<8:? G8IKP WHENKL<J%#F:K%(/ ()EFFE$(GD







volume 13 issue 7 october 13, 2011




Scottish folkie returns to Duke to perform at Reynolds Theater




Duke faculty present avantgarde films



visionary album comes along with suite of iPad apps


real steel

robot boxing popcorn flick doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t disappoint



theSANDBOX. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m starting to get pretty sick of the things people have been saying about Walter White lately. If you havenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t heard, theyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been calling him unlikeable. Insensitive. Egomaniacal. In short, it seems like a lot of them are pretty disillusioned with his transition from an underachieving family man pushover to a murderous, scheming, meth-cooking kingpin. I, on the other hand, happen to feel differently. And, as Breaking Bad rounds out its fourth season, I happen to disagree with the terms of the conversation, as well. I guess thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s because I just donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really buy the accusation that Walt abandons his morals and familyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;rather, he casts them off. And that, frankly, is a lot less unlikeable than it is laudable: awakened in his middle age from a lifetime of dormancy, he finally wises up to the oppressive atmosphere of his quotidian life and takes steps to ameliorate it. In that way, Breaking Bad is a lot less

about a family man gone missing than it is about a born-again individual: as the seasons wear on, Walt leaves behind things that weigh him down. He liberates himself from an undeserving family (seriously, Walt could only be construed as unlikeable if his whiny, demanding clanâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;or any other aspect of his preneoplastic life, for that matterâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;was in any way the opposite). He quits his job, which has always been beneath him, and opts instead to pursue the success he feels he deserves. And he rejects domestic life, spending his time eating junk food and stripping down with men in a mobile home, far from civilization and cellular reception, where he can break the law and be left alone. Walter White, to me, is not unlikeable; heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s just a selfless citizen turned around and gone rabidly individualist. Surely that canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be what everyoneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s objecting to. â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Chris Bassil

[recesseditors] what we did over fall break Ross Green..................................................................................SKRILLEX! RAGE! Maggie Love..............................................................sat in trees, reading by herself Chris Bassil.....................................................................................Occupy Asheville Brian Contratto.......................................................surfing with Anderson Cooper Michaela Dwyer........................................................consorts w/ red-blooded men Josh Stillman..................................................................................worked on recess Chelsea Pieroni.......................................................................moogfest tix scalping Sanette Tanaka................................................................jockinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; on some goombas

October 13, 2011

[EDITORâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S NOTE]


Letâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s talk for a minute about Occupy O Wall Street. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;d like to start with the language of o the movement. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Occupy,â&#x20AC;? and a its derivatives, doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have great all connotations. c The first two applic cations of the word â&#x20AC;&#x153;occupyâ&#x20AC;? that c come to my mind are the same two that th come to yours: the Israeli occup pation of the West Bank and Gaza, a and an occupied portable toilet a and/or airplane bathroom. As to the th former, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m fairly certain that the th Israelis themselves are about as thrilled with that description of their th status s in the disputed territories as a they are with Al-Abbas chicken. T point, generally, being that the The language la of â&#x20AC;&#x153;occupationâ&#x20AC;? is pretty rarely self-applied, borderline pejorative and not without connotations of subjugation/slaveryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;which, I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t think, jibes too well with the Occupy Wall Streetersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; conception of their protest. When Blankfein was in Bloombergâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s land, let my Goldmans go! Another truly fascinating aspect of the Occupy Wall Street movement is that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sprouting other Occupy movements like hydra headsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; even in places where the median voter canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t spell â&#x20AC;&#x153;derivative.â&#x20AC;? Occupy Mobile, Alabama? Are you serious? Pretty sure the wealthiest guy in Mobile, Alabama owns a Kangaroo gas station, and by â&#x20AC;&#x153;risk diversification,â&#x20AC;? he means that half his portfolio is tied up in Little Debbie equity and the other half in futures contracts of Robert E. Lee statues. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not sure that hassling that dude is gonna have much of an impact on the financial-political complex. Of course, my favorite part of the whole Occupy Wall Street ordeal had to be Kanye showing up this week. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m hardly the first to note the irony of a guy two months removed from re-

leasing an album where he raps about wearing a â&#x20AC;&#x153;Lanvin thousand-dollar tee with no logosâ&#x20AC;? showing up at a rally protesting Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s growing income gap. But I do wonder how he got down to the financial district to show solidarity with the common folk. You think he pulled up in his other Benz? Or his other other Benz? The thing is, I should be sympathetic to this cause. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been calling myself a liberal my whole life. Like the Occupy Wall Streeters, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m a little frustrated by the salaries that summer interns pull in from financial firms just for learning how to use Microsoft Excel. You know those f*****s get signing bonuses? My problem with Occupy Wall Street is that I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know why weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re occupying. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not like occupying a lavatory; I get that part. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re protesting something. But what, exactly? This is, according to Wikipedia (Recess is big on research), a relatively common criticism of the movement. The New York Times editorial board weighed in on the debate over Occupy Wall Streetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lack of focus by arguing, â&#x20AC;&#x153;The public airing of grievances is a legitimate and important end in itself.â&#x20AC;? Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll take your word for it, New York Times. Consider this my public airing of a grievance against the Occupy Wall Street protestors. Their utter lack of specificity and a coherent agenda for reforming the financial sector is aggravating! Their inability to distinguish between financial institutions and political ones is confounding! Their co-optation of populist language is exploitative, and the parallels drawn to the Civil Rights Movement are downright offensive! Actually, those may be a little too focused. Let me put this in words those Occupy Wall Street characters can understand. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m mad as hell, and I canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t take it anymore! â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Ross Green
















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October 13, 2011


Perkins mural Duke well-represented at New York Film Festival features comic work there, as it’s the most prestigious venue in the U.S. for this kind of filmmaking. It’s a pleasure to have my For the first time in history, works by three Duke fac- work presented in such a well-programmed context, and ulty members appeared side-by-side at last weekend’s in- it was a particular pleasure to share the screen with Josh stallment of the New York Film Festival. Gibson and Erin Espelie this year.” “Views From the Avant-Garde,” a series of the festival Particularly special for Gatten, who is also showing which showcases experimental and innovative films from By Pain and Rhyme and Arabesques of Foraging at the fesaround the globe, tival, was sharing the premiered films by screen with Espelie, faculty members Daa soon-to-be faculty vid Gatten, Erin Espemember, and his lie and Josh Gibson. bride. For her part, The “Views From the Espelie contributed Avant-Garde” series is her biophilic technithe most prestigious cal masterpiece Silent venue of its kind in the Springs, a disarming United States. film wrought with Visting professor scientific precision. and distinguished Using her camera as f i l m m a k e r- i n - r e s i a microscope, and dence David Gatten’s working under the The Matter Propounded, stark, smooth voice of Its Possibility or Imposof poet Dan Beachysibility, Treated in Four Quick as her narraParts is the most esotor, Espelie brings teric and erudite—a makes the film come portrait of the director to life. At its core, it as a walking mental is a visceral, abtract SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE library—but the most treatment of humanpathologically engag- Duke faculty members David Gatten, Erin Espelie and Josh Gibson showed avant ity, and the ways in ing. A literary treat- -garde films last weekend at the New York Film Festival, one of the most prestiwhich the human ment of his film with gious arenas for avant-garde film in the nation. race interacts with its various emulsion and biosphere. non-traditional film-based methods characterizes his vi“Silent Springs stems from the work of Rachel Carson sion of the cinematic space. on DDT in the 1960s and also touches on the ongoing “I’ve been showing my work annually at the New York amphibian and chytrid fungus research conducted by Film Festival since 1999. It’s important to me to share my SEE NYFF ON PAGE 8 by Derek Saffe THE CHRONICLE

book favorites by Caitlin Moyles THE CHRONICLE

Brightly colored images of Donald Duck, Zorro and Little Lulu and Tubby may not be what students expect to see printed on a wall in Perkins Library, or for that matter, anywhere on Duke’s campus. Bill Fick, a visiting assistant professor of the practice of Visual Arts, seeks to help change this perception with his new, dynamic mural of comic book characters in the hallway leading to the Gothic Reading Room. Funded by the Collaboration Development Grant from the Duke Council for the Arts, the untitled mural consists of images of heads, figures, words and flowers that Fick used from comic books in the Edwin and Terry Murray Comic Book Collection in the Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library. Fick then used vertical silkscreen printing to repeatedly print the same images on the wall, resulting in a Warhol-esque conglomeration of pop culture images, rotated and overlapped in an organic, unconstrained pattern. “Screen printing isn’t usually applied directly onto walls or other spaces that are so open to the public, but the method shows that art can be spontaneous,” Fick said. “For the piece in the library, I didn’t really have too much of a plan, except to make something very lively and colorful using images that have some impact.” The overarching goal of the grant and Fick’s project was to bring Dutch artist Stefan Hoffmann to Duke in February to share his vertical screen printing methods with Fick, as well as a digital printmaking class taught by associate professor Merrill Shatzman, Fick said. The grant also provided him with funding to create the mural, which he will use as a teaching tool for the Art of the Comic Book and Zines class SEE MURAL ON PAGE 6


BECOMING: Photographs from the Wedge Collection

THE DECONSTRUCTIVE IMPULSE: Women Artists Reconfigure the Signs of Power, 1973-1991 | 919.684.5135

Carrie Mae Weems, Untitled (woman and daughter with makeup) from Untitled (Kitchen Table Series) (detail), 1990. Gelatin silver print. Courtesy of The Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire; Purchased through the Harry Shafer Fisher 1966 Memorial Fund. Another photograph from this series appears in the concurrent exhibition Becoming: Photographs from the Wedge Collection.



October 13, 2011

Alexi Murdoch by Ross Green

Murdoch views return to Duke with ambivalence



Alexi Murdoch’s headlining set next Saturday at Reynolds Theater will mark a return to familiar ground for the acoustic troubadour. Murdoch, who has gone on to the sort of niche stardom that attends success in the indie music realm, studied English and philosophy at Duke before dropping out and moving to Los Angeles to live with a girlfriend. There’s little to suggest that his performance will be the happy homecoming befitting a celebrated alumnus. In fact, that Murdoch ended up at Duke at all was somewhat fortuitous. Prior to his matriculation, he had met a Duke graduate while on a hiking trip in the Blue Ridge Mountains near Asheville, NC—an area separated from the university by a distance of more than 200 miles. “This guy, this climber I was with, he had studied at Duke and had said to me, ‘Let me show you my school,’” Murdoch recalls. “I guess, in my mind, I put the two together somehow.” His initial impression of the school, then, bore little resemblance to the reality of life at Duke. Neither his upbringing—Murdoch was born in London but raised, by turn, in Greece and Scotland—nor his contemplative demeanor prepared him for the university’s aggressive, competitive culture. “I had the notion that I’d be in this countryside setting—that it would be very studious, that people would be sitting in trees, reading by themselves,” Murdoch says. “Certainly, that’s not what it was.” His characterization of Duke reveals the difficulty he had adapting to life as a student at the university. His lack of comfort with the social scene, though, was redeemed by an immersive education. “There’s a brashness to the social

scene, to the general attitude of the place, that almost forced me underground in some ways,” he said. “I ended up having maybe a better time of it, though, because I was so focused on what I was reading, which was quite fulfilling, academically.” The impression of Murdoch as an undergraduate conforms well to the style he has developed on record since leaving Duke—a thoughtful, introspective brand of acoustic folk that has drawn comparisons to influential British artist Nick Drake. Like Drake, Murdoch primarily uses finger-picked guitar and piano in service of gentle, unobtrusive melodies. His breakthrough came in Los Angeles in 2002, after tastemaking DJ Nic Harcourt began playing Murdoch’s self-produced debut EP, Four Songs, on his “Morning Becomes Eclectic” radio show on L.A. public radio station KCRW. Murdoch rebuffed the major label offers that soon followed. Without the contractual obligations of a record deal, he’s released music over the last decade on his own label—and at his own pace. He released his debut album Time Without Consequences on his own Zero Summer label in 2006, and waited another five years to put out sophomore LP Towards the Sun in March of this year. “There’s this pressure to produce albums, in line with this market mentality, but it’s completely manufactured,” Murdoch says. “It’s not like we’re all in dire need of more albums. For my part, there’s life to get on with, as well.” His approach to releasing music is borne out of a long-run perspective. But even in describing his creative objective, Murdoch has a keen sense of his own mortality. “At the end of the day, whether I put out 50 albums or ten won’t matter,” he says. “You hope to break yourself down in the process of making even one, to


October 13, 2011

strip away the excess and interference, and articulate what’s left as simply as you can—before you run out of time.” Murdoch’s music holds this ethos closely. It’s sonically sparse, with simple melodies following lyrics that often read like romantic, minimalist prose. Murdoch’s literary bent means that he’s open to exploring forms of expression beyond the acoustic folk he’s built his career on thus far. “Keeping the question of whether you want to continue making music open is critical to your survival,” he says. “I don’t think of music as something that defines me. What I really want is to be able to communicate.” For now, though, his focus is on touring behind Towards the Sun. Murdoch hasn’t toured any more prolifically than he has recorded, but he believes the concert hall atmosphere of Reynolds Theater accentuates his style as a live performer. “An auditorium is much better suited to what I’m trying to do, in comparison,” he says. “The rock club-type venues are the worst, because everything’s geared for the music to be amped up as loudly as possible.” Opening for Murdoch at Reynolds next Saturday are the Durham-based alt-country group Mount Moriah, comprised of vocalist Heather McEntire and guitarist Jenks Miller. The two are fixtures in the Durham music scene— McEntire is part of the punk-rock trio Bellafea and occasionally lends vocals to Miller’s experimental psych-rock project Horseback—and had formerly played together as the indie pop outfit Un Deux Trois. But in Mount Moriah— which ties together traditions of country, folk and gospel music—McEntire believes that the two have found an ideal musical vehicle. “Mount Moriah really plays to our strengths,” McEntire says. “Jenks’ guitar playing is suited to it, and for me,

it’s a great outlet to write more personal, narrative songs.” The group’s sound, displayed on the acclaimed, self-titled debut album released this May, is at once spiritual, emotional and immediate, reflecting their experience with a variety of disparate genres. Like Murdoch, McEntire feels that her band thrives in a space with the acoustics of Reynolds Theater. “That kind of venue encourages a little more intimate energy,” she says. “Plus I tend to be a little less nervous— maybe because I can hear myself better.” Director of Duke Performances Aaron Greenwald found Murdoch and Mount Moriah not just complementary of each other, but well-situated within Duke Performances’ fall season’s focus on artists with unique aesthetics. “Maybe these artists are grounded in one genre, but there’s an openness to exploring others as well,” he said. “Alexi’s a folk musician, but he’s not hemmed into this folk sound. Mount Moriah, too—they’re drawing on a few different things and making this sort of ragged, punk-infused country music.” Murdoch’s time as a Duke student, in particular, drew Greenwald’s attention—especially given the perception of the school’s lack of artistic accomplishment. “I have to admit, it’s an interesting opportunity to bring someone who went to school here back for a performance,” he said. “So often, there’s this assumption that no one who went here made anything artistically fulfilling or rewarding.” Alexi Murdoch and Mount Moriah will perform on Saturday, Oct. 22, at 8p.m. at Reynolds Auditorium. Tickets are available through Duke Performances’ website.




MURAL from page 3

October 13, 2011

ryan adams

he teaches in the spring. “This is an ideal project for the grant from my standpoint,” said Vice Provost for the Arts Scott Lindroth. “It brings a new kind of art to campus, it will enlarge Bill’s own scope as an artist and it will bring new things into the classroom.” For Fick, the mural was not only an opportunity to link Hoffman’s methods with his Comic Book and Zines class, but also to expand his own research on public art, which he says ranges from murals to t-shirts to posters, or anything else that can be disseminated outside of traditional gallery spaces. “Some people might not consider that art, but I think that’s changing,” he said. “There’s no longer this barrier between the artists who make art for museums and galleries and the ‘hero’ artists. Now it’s totally wide open.” Fick’s mural is the second to grace the walls outside the Gothic Reading Room recently, following a collaborative student mural led by 2011 Duke graduate Bibi Tran, former chair of the Duke University Union Visual Arts Committee, which was completed last year. “We want the library to be a space that is interactive and allows every kind of conversation, a place where students and faculty feel they are a part of the space and can express their work in many different

ways,” Margaret Brown, exhibits coordinator and special collections conservator for Duke University Libraries, wrote in an email. Lindroth agreed that public art has a tendency to foster community and creativity, something he hopes to see more often at Duke in the future. “The arts are sometimes seen as being a little bit exclusive and inaccessible for the general public,” he said. “I think murals are a great example of a kind of art that is meant to be shared widely and enjoyed widely.” Fick’s next project is a strip mural of student works and images taken from Duke Archives, which will be printed onto a 21 by three foot canvas and installed in the Bryan Center later this month. The design, Fick says, will stretch along a strip of wall from the plaza entrance to the main entrance from the traffic circle, bringing color, energy and dynamic design into the Bryan Center. “Work in public spaces seems to be something people are interested in doing more of,” Fick said. “It can liven up a space, add meaning if it reflects where it’s being put, and have an educational, decorative or political component. It’s a way of enriching and drawing attention to a space, and it’s something Duke could use more of.”


 You wouldn’t be able to tell that Ryan Adams has been struggling with Meniere’s disease (a hearing disorder) from the delicate narratives his smooth voice paints over a minimal guitar on Ashes & Fire. In this solo album recorded without the Cardinals in his home studio in Los Angeles, Adams does not forget his Southern, North Carolina roots. Unlike the complex jumble of instruments and vocals in his heavy metal solo album Orion, or his last overbearingly country studio album III/IV with the Cardinals, Ashes & Fire is stripped of distractions in order to focus on Adams’ clear, mellow voice, poignant guitar and the occasional Norah Jones piano accompaniment. The continuity of the album is evident in the progression of songs, starting with a retrospective look at Adams’ youth in North Carolina, apparently as chaotic as the images of natural disaster he describes on “Dirty Rain.” Songs like the album’s self-titled single “Ashes & Fire” and the short number “Chains of Love” break

from the serious depictions of home for more upbeat, nostalgic memories—and “Come Home” is downright homesick. “Invisible Riverside” stands out geographically from the alt-country aesthetic with its invokation of the ocean view near Sunset Boulevard. The lyrics “If the stars fall into the oceanside/Someone pull the ribbons from my eyes/Free my soul, let it roll away,” and the stoic guitar evince a more melancholy Jack Johnson. Perhaps the lyrics blend with the guitar too well at points—so much that Mandy Moore’s voice emerges into prominence from the background. It’s no coincidence that Adams includes his wife; after all, they are singing about how delicate and uncertain their love and its future is. The tone is hopeful yet fragile, and with the unexpectedly revealing “I Love You But I Don’t Know What To Say,” Adams ends the narrative of his thirteenth studio album open-ended. —Katya Prosvirkina


Bill Fick’s mural outside Perkins Library’s Gothic Reading Room recalls his Comic Books and Zines class, recontextualizing comic books by merging popular art with an academic setting. SPECIAL TO THE CHRONICLE


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October 13, 2011

Hoof ‘n’ Horn preps for run of Company by Christina Malliris THE CHRONICLE

Hoof ‘n’ Horn is known for immersive shows capable of transporting audiences— to the heart of Egypt in Aida, deep into our fairy-tale fears in Into the Woods or back to the Cold War era in Chess. In the celebration of its 75th anniversary this fall, Hoof ‘n’ Horn takes us to the biggest musical stage of all: the Big Apple. This year, the student-run theater company is presenting the musical Company, written by George Furth and composed by Stephen Sondheim. The story follows bachelor Robert, his three best girlfriends and five married couples in the chaotic world of New York City. Unlike other shows with a set storyline, Company relies on character strength to tell its tale in short vignettes. The musical, which has been on and off Broadway since the 1970s and won six Tony awards, was chosen by Hoof ‘n’ Horn executives for its cast of 14 main characters, which allows for a number of featured roles. “Company was chosen mainly because of its unique, challenging musical score and its small cast size,” said proofreading chair Drew Klingner, who also plays Peter, one of the main characters. Klingner also emphasized that the play’s relevance comes through in its humor, which matches up well with the type of comedy Duke students already know and use. “Company is also not a Disney musical. The humor in this show is much more suited for a Duke audience than many musicals,” Klingner said. Director Lindsay Samuel believes that Hoof ‘n’ Horn met the challenge of producing the play. “On a personal level, I chose to direct this show because when I saw it on Broadway, I fell in love with everything about it,” she said. “I absolutely love the insight it gives us into each of the characters…we’ve really had to do a lot of work in terms of music and acting, but we’ve gotten to push

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the actors to their boundaries.” Six of the 14 main characters are firstyear students, and the show promises to bring both the experience of Hoof ‘n’ Horn and the fresh young talent of a new group of students to the stage. Given the fierce competition for spots, audiences will see the best and brightest of Duke’s rising actors. “We had over 50 students audition for the show with a 14-member cast,” producer Vivek Patel said. “The talent pool was one of the best I’ve ever seen in my four years with this organization.” Production for the show began in May 2011, when Patel selected the director and students to fill behind-the-scenes positions. This semester, though, time constraints meant actors had only one month to learn their lines and choreography. Cast members noted the difficulty of executing such a character-driven show. With so much to learn, students had to channel their attention in new and demanding ways. “Company is opening a week earlier than the usual fall musical, so we had to consider the difficulty of the set and choreography as well,” Klingner said. “Having less time than normal to create a production has made the process seem rushed, but productive.” Despite the ensemble’s crunched rehearsal time, the cast and crew are determined to get the show off the ground. With an orchestra and set put together by technical directors David Oberst and Ophelia Chua, and even more Duke students behind the scenes, all that the show needs now is an audience to perform for. “At this point I think most of what the actors need is people to laugh and clap and cry – to give them the energy to be on stage,” Samuel said.



 One of the earliest words attached to Bjork’s music was “experimental”—a dubious category that includes artists as disparate as John Cage and Frank Zappa. Often, the experimental label is attached to describe the indescribable, in order to market the unconventional to consumers. Despite enjoying success and a major label platform for this quasi-genre, Bjork has transcended the “experimental music” classification with Biophilia and instead created a musical experiment, a multimedia collection comprised of iPad apps, a physical album release and a concert series. Partially recorded on the iPad, Biophilia is available on the device through a suite of apps that correspond to each of the ten songs on the album. In the app for the lead single “Crystalline,” the user can explore the relationship between space and music through a game that follows a crystal through a series of tunnels; the “Thunderbolt” app features a soundmaker that reproduces the sounds of lightning and electricity over the original song. Unlike the Gorillaz’ recent album recorded entirely on an iPad, Bjork harnesses the technology to effectively further her specific vision. Each song is a careful meditation on the exploration of nature, and the varied apps promote Bjork’s objective of combining music, nature and technology. More importantly, the project creates an interactive experience that has the innovation and creative force to potentially usher in a new way of experiencing music: visually as well as aurally. With Biophilia, Bjork has produced another concept album, one that focuses

on the dichotomy of simplicity and complexity: nature is reflected in the sparse beats and intermittent vocals, while the apps constitute a realization of modern technology. Though the album is more irregularly paced than some of Bjork’s previous releases, Biophilia sounds precise and cohesive, effectively invoking nature through songs like “Moon” and “Solstice.” Though the album is a strong addition to Bjork’s discography, its importance and brilliance lies in how it engages the listener in a new way. Bjork is a visionary, and her talent and penchant for testing the boundaries of creation make her an ideal artist for the digital age. —Katie Zaborsky



Hoof ‘n’ Horn’s Company will run Oct. 14, 20 and 21 at 8pm, Oct. 16 and 23 at 2pm and Oct. 15 and 22 at 2 and 8pm in Sheafer Theater. Tickets are $8 for students.



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NYFF from page 3 Valerie McKenzie at the University of Colorado, Boulder,” Espelie said. The early moments of the film are laden with photographic tableaus, vintage instruments and specimens. From there, though, Silent Springs transitions into a fragmentary environmental film that focuses on a mistreatment of the natural world. As for the final of the three Blue Devil-made films premiered at “Views From the Avant-Garde,” Josh Gibson’s black-and-white documentary Kudzu Vine is a depiction of the herbaceous essence of the American South. The film is, both literally and figuratively, a one-of-a-kind work of art that prides itself on its austere craftsmanship. Gibson himself created each foot of the 35 mm film used in the making of Kudzu Vine, which ensures that only one cut of the film can ever be created. An analog marvel, Kudzu Vine mingles southern drawls with lush visages of the titular weed permeating the rustic Georgian landscape. The film is set, more so than the more mainstream documenta-

ries to which it is indebted, on etching out a dynamic portrait. A chiaroscuro-laden masterpiece, it reaches full lushness as a sea of black and white gradients. Kudzu Vine, reveling in simplicity, comes out as the embodiment of Southern abstract expressionism. Such a collective showing at the New York Film Festival accords Duke’s Arts of the Moving Image department considerable prestige within the school’s educational panorama. With the recently created MFA program for Documentary and Experimental Film accepting its first class this year, this milestone for the AMI program illuminates growing efforts by the university to stimulate the Duke film community at large. “With the implementation of the new Documentary and Experimental Film program, and the soonto-be-launched major in Arts of the Moving Image, Duke is poised to be one of the most important and vital institutions for innovative moving image work,” Gibson said. Having Gibson, Gatten and Espelie on faculty doesn’t hurt, either.

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October 13, 2011

real steel


 Any film featuring boxing robots is bound to elicit some Rock ‘Em Sock ‘Em Robots jokes, but Real Steel is about much more than knocking blocks off. Granted, the film is built on a weak premise and justified only in weaker fashion, but if not taken cynically, Real Steel has massive entertainment value that isn’t based off explosions, slow motion sequences or gratuitous hot girls. Director Shawn Levy, who helmed other audienceacclaimed films Night at the Museum and Date Night, capably handles this project, inserting subtle humor that aims for chuckles without reaching for tear-inducing laughter. Moreover, Levy balances the central story against interesting subplots without losing direction during tangents. Though these side-stories might want for detail at times, Levy’s decision to leave more to the imagination keeps the film moving and encourages viewers to retrospectively fill in gaps for themselves. In this way, Levy never abandons his main plot, choosing instead to focus on the present and accentuate the performances of the actors themselves. Hugh Jackman, clearly the senior actor on the set, plays Charlie Kenton, an ex-contender bitter over his past failures. Though Kenton is a far cry from a lovable protagonist, Jackman’s performance is intriguing enough to keep viewers following him. The real beauty of his role, however, is the way he complements his co-star Dakota Goyo, who plays Max Kenton, Charlie’s estranged son. In his first major role on the silver screen, Goyo comes through with passion and excitement perfectly fitting his almosttoo-mature 11-year-old character. Jackman balances his acting with Goyo’s, sitting back and letting the younger actor take the center stage. It is largely this interplay that gives the film its appeal and strength. Evangeline Lilly, playing Charlie’s romantic interest Bailey, rounds out the notable cast. Even with limited screen time, Lilly handles her role with grace, toeing the line enough to interest any red-blooded male but not so much as to be tasteless. Despite these positives, the movie about fighting robots fails because, ultimately, it is about fighting robots. Based in 2020, where robot boxing has replaced human boxing—because human boxing simply isn’t violent enough—Real Steel really stretches the audience to accept its premise. Charming though the film may be, it isn’t enough to impress even the most mildly cynical movie-goers. But it does have entertainment value, even if it won’t stand as a top fighting film. —Aymeric Vincenti

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The Chronicle

A full men’s basketball recruiting roundup, including who will be at Countdown. FSU wideout Rashad Greene may pose matchup problems for Duke’s secondary.

THURSDAY October 13, 2011


The most Role reversal in rivalry clash wonderful time of the year by Tim Visutipol THE CHRONICLE

After a narrow 1-0 win over Boston College last Thursday to take top spot in the ACC, the Blue Devils look to protect their position as they travel the short distance to rival North Carolina. With the stakes raised and only four No. 3 matches to go in the Duke season, No. 3 Duke vs. (13-1-1, 5-0-1 in the No. 10 ACC) will need to Tar Heels play at its best level to avoid an upset to THURSDAY, 7 p.m. the No. 10 Tar Heels Fetzer Field (9-2-0, 4-1-0). “[North Carolina] every year is a big game,” Duke head coach Robbie Church said. “It’s really special, especially [with] how dominant they’ve been.” This will be an unusual occasion in the rivalry’s recent history, as it is the first time since 2007 that the Tar Heels have played a home conference game as the lower-ranked team. Despite that, Church still sees North Carolina as a very dangerous opponent. “They’re still pretty good,” Church said. “The two games they lost they easily could’ve won.... They could easily be undefeated right now.” Contrasting this, Duke’s success so far this season has propelled them up to third in the nation, the highest ranking the team has ever held. “We’re flattered and we’re honored to

When I was a little kid, I would wake up on Christmas morning at around 3:30 or 4 a.m., shake my parents awake, then rush downstairs with them in tow to check out the loot left behind by Santa. This early morning tradition was repeated every year, with the exception of a couple of memorable nights when I didn’t even sleep, so convinced that I could hear reindeer hoof-steps on my roof. As I got a little older, though, that wakeAndy up call started to get pushed farther and farther back. One year it became 6 a.m. Another year it was an hour later. Soon, it was 9 a.m. Last year it reached a tipping point, when I woke up around just before noon and watched an episode of Sportscenter before joining the family in the den. That Dec. 25th, I decided with some finality, that it’s just harder now to be excited about something when you first open your eyes. I guess I’ve grown up.




UNC’s Amber Brooks and Blue Devil Kelly Cobb lead two potent offenses into Thursday’s matchup.



Duke faces slumping Seminoles by Daniel Zhan THE CHRONICLE


Then-junior Nolan Smith highlighted the inaugural Countdown to Craziness in 2009.

Two contrasting streaks are on the line Saturday afternoon as Duke looks to extend its three-game win streak against slumping Florida State. The Seminoles (2-3, 0-2 in the ACC) hope to snap a three-game losing streak and earn their first conference win. Florida State, once the fifth-ranked team in the nation and favorite to win the ACC, now finds itself outside of the top 25 after the string of losses, while Duke (3-2, 1-0) earned a vote in the coaches poll after its win over Florida International. To Duke head coach David Cutcliffe, the explanation for the losses is obvious. “Florida State, very simply, [lost] their quarterback,” he said. “It changes everything about you, just look at what the Indianapolis Colts are going through. It’s more difficult than people might imagine.” Starting junior quarterback E.J. Manuel, however, returned last week late in the first half for the Seminoles, but his 286-yard, two touchdown effort could not offset the team’s five turnovers, including Manuel’s two interceptions. But the preseason All-ACC quarterback is not the only weapon on Florida State’s

offense. The Seminoles boast one of the top receivers in the conference, freshman Rashad Greene, who has reeled in 26 catches for 457 yards and six touchdowns this year. “He’s been making a lot of explosive plays,” senior safety Matt Daniels said. “We gave up a lot of explosive [plays] to [Florida International] a couple weeks back that really hurt us. We gave up over 500-plus yards and probably over 10 explosive plays. We can’t allow that to happen.” The Seminole defense is led by sophomore defensive end Bjoern Werner, who has recorded four sacks and five tacklesfor-loss. As a unit, they allow 192.2 passing yards and 91.6 rushing yards per game, good for second-best in the conference in both categories. “Those guys are pretty big,” offensive lineman Laken Tomlinson said. “They’re a pretty fast team, but we’re definitely confident we can stand up and defend ourselves against them.” The real problems for Florida State have been lack of consistency and penalties. The Seminoles have been flagged 9.4 times per game, the most in the nation. In practice, Florida State head coach SEE SCOUTING ON PAGE 8

Florida State

Seminoles 2-3 (0-2) FSU 33.8 PPG 85.6 RUSH/G 325.4 PASS/G 21 TD 8-8 FG-FGA SACKS-YDS 14-88

OPP 20.6 91.6 192.2 12 6-7 14-89

The Seminoles’ junior quarterback E.J. Manuel was a preseason Heisman trophy favorite, but an injury to his non-throwing shoulder has hindered his progress. The 6-foot-5, 245-lb. Manuel has thrown for eight touchdowns and six interceptions while completing 64 percent of his passes.

8 | THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011


W. SOCCER from page 7

SCOUTING from page 7

MOORE from page 7

be ranked third,” Church said. “But we can be better.” Looking at statistics alone, it is hard to see how Duke could improve. The Blue Devils have scored a total of 31 goals in 15 games this season, fourth-most in the conference. More impressively, Duke has only conceded a total of five goals, and none in the last five games. Goalkeeper Tara Campbell, reigning ACC co-player of the week, anchors the defense. She has recorded a school single-season record ten shutouts already this season. The Blue Devil defense will be tested by a North Carolina attack featuring forwards Kealia Ohai, Crystal Dunn and Courtney Jones, which has produced as many goals as Duke in four fewer games. The team’s average of almost three scores per contest leads the ACC. Church also singled out Amber Brooks in the midfield as a player Duke will need to stop. “She is very, very good,” Church said. “She has a skill set that’ll cause us problems.” Duke, however, has many weapons of its own, including freshman striker Kelly Cobb, who has scored a team-leading eight goals this season. Laura Weinberg and Kaitlyn Kerr have also chipped in five goals each, including Kerr’s gamewinner against Boston College last week. The Blue Devils have only mustered two goals in their last three games, though, and will need their forwards to fire on all cylinders to record their third-ever win over the Tar Heels, and first since 2005. “This is only worth three points,” Church said. “This can’t win us the ACC regular season… it can’t win us the national championship.” It could, however, give the Blue Devils the inside track to their second-ever regular season conference championship.

Jimbo Fisher has stressed the importance of playing cohesively. “Most penalties are technical mistakes... [and] we have to be accountable as coaches and players,” Fisher said. “We’re not playing as a unit, as a team, as an organization, together, and we’ve got to figure out why [we’re] not.” Manuel is expected to start Saturday, but the Seminoles are still dealing with injury issues on offense. Although they welcome back sophomore wide receiver Scooter Haggins, who was leading the team in receptions before breaking his hand against Oklahoma earlier this season, starting junior running back Chris Thompson will miss the rest of the season with two broken vertebrae. Freshman James Wilder Jr. is expected to get more carries in Thompson’s absence. Starting senior offensive tackle Andrew Datko will also miss this weekend’s game and possibly the rest of the season. “The rest that we got was outstanding,” junior running back Desmond Scott said of the Blue Devils’ bye week. “Everybody got a chance to heal those nicks and bruises.” One of those who got the chance to heal over the two weeks was Scott himself. Although he played a few snaps against Florida International, he has finally declared himself 100 percent. Scott and sophomore running back Juwan Thompson will look to lead a rushing attack against a Seminole defense that allowed its first 100-plus yard rusher last week. “I want us to play very aggressive football,” Cutcliffe said. “I don’t want us to play trying not to make a mistake.... Last thing I want is a timid team.” If the Blue Devils come out aggressively, they could extend Florida State’s misery and record their first-ever conference win against the Seminoles. “Somebody talked about [Florida State] being angry about losing,” Cutcliffe said. “We’ve had enough years of frustration to be angry about a lot of things.”

There is one exception, however, to this rule. There is one day during the year when I wake up and hit the ground running. When I wake up on this particular Friday morning, I feel like I did on those Christmas mornings of my childhood. It represents the start of basketball season—the day of Countdown to Craziness. I’m unapologetically excited, but I wasn’t always thrilled to see this event. Countdown to Craziness is a relatively new phenomenon at Duke, beginning three years ago under rather inauspicious circumstances. The celebration began, in part, in response to the increasingly festive Midnight Madness celebrations at schools like North Carolina, Kentucky and Georgetown. Greg Monroe, a 6-foot-11 center who Duke recruited heavily, famously committed to the Hoyas directly after seeing Jerry Rice “Crank That” at the program’s Midnight Madness. And Monroe was not the only top recruit to have sealed his commitment to one of those three schools soon after attending their midnight celebrations. Duke, which only had a relatively bland Blue-White game, had nothing to offer to compete with the pyrotechnics, Soulja Boy and overall atmospheres exhibited by the competing schools’ events. And even when Duke hopped on the bandwagon, I thought they had waited too long and it would just seem like the school was copying its competitors. So, I was a little apprehensive before the first Countdown to Craziness three years ago. How could a “Midnight Madness,” whose very start time—7 p.m.—felt wrong, succeed when other schools had already perfected the event? Oh me of little faith.

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Countdown to Craziness turned out to be an incredible amount of fun. It gave us one of the defining moments of that national championship year—Nolan Smith coming out to Jay-Z’s “Public Service Announcement,” then bringing down the house in a dunk contest where he wore a Johnny Dawkins jersey and the requisite 1980s era short-shorts. It gave Duke an energized fan base for the start of a season that always features boring, blowout games. And it gave Duke a worthy alternative to Late Night With Roy, Big Blue Madness and the others. Countdown to Craziness is one of the best times of the year—a time of optimism and excitement. This year, I have a lot to be excited about. I’m excited to see if Seth Curry can ably take over point guard duties, and if Austin Rivers will be able to fit in the rotation as quickly as Kyrie Irving did last year. I’m excited to see if Ryan Kelly can continue the solid play that he showed in China. I’m excited to see if Sloan from Entourage will, in fact, end up making an appearance to talk about conflict minerals, as had previously been rumored. (Sidenote: I already have my conversation with the actress mapped out. First, I compliment her on the brilliant story line of the last three seasons of Entourage (“Vince’s narrative arc was Godfathergood, Sloan”), then I congratulate her on a job well-done judging the dunk contest (“Good call naming Tyler Thornton winner, Sloan, I know you have a thing for the shorter guys”). And then, to further get in her good graces, I throw my iPhone against a wall (“See, I don’t like conflict minerals, either!”). From there, it’s a simple matter of deciding when to hold the wedding in Paris.) But I digress. Friday is not about whether one of Maxim’s Top 100 will make a trip to Durham—it’s about the start of basketball season. It really is the most wonderful time of the year.

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10 | THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011

New strategic plans needed We are not alone in think- The University’s current straing that campus dialogue- tegic plan, approved in 2006, —be it about the social and proposed many since-realized residential shift promised by goals, like an increased emthe house model or Duke’s phasis on civic engagement. international expansion— The 2007 Campus Culture is just as often Initiative Regroundless port, created as editorial than grounda response to ed. Coordinated public con- the lacrosse scandal, proposed versation requires rallying for instance the abolishment points: comprehensive ar- of preferential housing for seguments, based in facts and lective living groups. evidence, that can be cited But these documents no and criticized. These rally- longer cut ice for planning ing points struggle to exist at Duke today. The strateat Duke today. The solution, gic plan, released before the we think, is for the Univer- brunt of the economic downsity to comprehensively doc- turn, relies on a vision of the ument its goals, both broad University surrounded by and specific, and make them bounty. Some its proposals— publicly available. which aimed to invest $901 Duke has produced no million in campus facilities shortage of goal-setting docu- over eight years and to acments in the last half decade. celerate faculty hiring—were

This was a very poignant piece. These alumni are surely missed by many: their families, co-workers and the broader Duke community.

—“Devil82” commenting on the story “Remembering Duke’s lost.” See more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

antiquated by an economic recession that delayed the launch of New Campus and resulted in a two-year faculty pay freeze. The CCIR has likewise lost its luster. It is a product of the heightened feeling surrounding the lacrosse scandal, and students and administrators are right to take its recommendations with a dose of skepticism. These documents aren’t just window dressing. The emphasis the strategic plan placed on civic engagement, for instance, was a prelude to the 2007 launch of DukeEngage. On campus, organizations like the Duke Partnership for Service embody a strong commitment to engagement. Plans sometimes do become reality.

We do not purport that the administration has no plan. But their plan needs to be elaborated and made public. We need a new generation of strategic plans to solve the issues we want to tackle—be they related to the University’s broader goals, to campus culture or to something else entirely. This will serve as a gesture to increase administrative transparency. But it will also coordinate and channel conversations about the University’s future. Students could cite documents, facts and figures in objection to University policy— a far cry from the sometimes emotional reactions against the house model. Public justifications for the University’s goals will enhance campus discourse and get all

stakeholders thinking about Duke’s future. There have been moves in this direction. In the summer of 2009, the Institutional Review Board approved the Socioeconomic Diversity Initiative, a study aimed at comparing the experiences students on and not on financial aid. But the study, originally planned to take one year, is still underway. The delay may be due to the thoroughness of the study—we hope so, because Duke needs a rallying point for this discussion as much as it ever has. If Duke wants to cut through the confusion in campus dialogue, it needs to give stakeholders a rallying point for conversation. New strategic plans will do just that.

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ince the Board of Trustees of the University less-defined space. approved the Climate Action Plan in May, Though several peer and neighboring institu2009, the annual green house tions including Yale, N.C. State, gas (GHG) inventory of the UniverPrinceton and Purdue have pubsity has been trending downward. lished SSPs, they are each slightly The calculated 2010 emissions were different in their approach and 8.9 percent below the 2007 basescope. Duke will be the same. Inline. These reductions are roughly stead of crafting a holistic SSP over on par with the stated goals set forth the course of a year, like was done in the CAP, and that document has with the drafting of the CAP, a proved to be an able guide. choice areas have been seliz bloomhardt couple Over that same time, the Sustainlected, to be followed by additional able Duke website has indicated areas in later years. green devil some mission creep. In addition to This year’s primary areas of fothe objectives of the CAP in reduccus are: a) water and storm water ing emissions and reaching carbon neutrality by and b) transportation. The secondary area is waste 2024, there are now robust sections that cover reduction/recycling/composting. campus initiatives in other areas like dining, waste, The first focus, water and Storm water, is a polwater and purchasing. icy area that is under central administrative conThis totally makes sense. trol and has garnered heightened interest since The CAP was created as a direct response to the severe drought of 2007. A large user educaPresident Richard Brodhead’s signing of the tion effort was made at that time, and compliance American College and University Presidents’ Cli- with state and local regulations will dictate storm mate Commitment (ACUPCC) in 2007. Sustain- water management requirements. This is a safe, ability, however, means more than just climate to easy category to include in the first year. It is also a school’s operation, reputation, ranking and ser- regionally relevant if not particularly progressive. vice to society. The second area of focus this year is transportaThis year, the president-appointed Campus Sus- tion. This topical area seems redundant, however, tainability Committee, of which I am a member, as it is covered under the CAP, and a subcommitand its many subcommittees have been directed to tee and a working group already exist to address move beyond climate and focus some energy on the the stated and evolving goals and challenges. creation of a Sustainability Strategic Plan (SSP). Finally, as a secondary focus area, a new subIn addition to getting a few more points on committee will form to consider materials managethe next Association for the Advancement of ment on campus including recycling, waste and Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE) composting. Waste management—and recycling Sustainability Tracking Assessment and Rat- in particular—is an often-lamented underachieveing System (STARS) rating submission in three ment on Duke’s campus. This newly formed subyears, an SSP has the potential to empower un- committee has an opportunity to challenge that expected change. In the same way President reality, but it’s not likely to be easy. The current Brodhead told me last year the CAP led the Uni- waste management system is of the decentralized versity to end its use of coal. variety and therefore rife with political and buIn the same way the CAP measures greenhouse reaucratic implications. gas emissions and set a target for carbon neutralNot included in this year’s list of focus areas are ity, the SSP will derive its success from the identifi- dining and purchasing. Dining in particular is a cation of reliable data streams and clear, articulate highly relevant topic area right now with the West goals that can be measured. Union renovation and growing food awareness The areas into which the SSP has the power on campus. It’s likely that these areas will come to move however, (eg. purchasing and waste) are later, I just hope the prime opportunity to start decision areas that quickly become decentral- to address them specifically, and sustainability in a ized into Duke’s many schools, departments and holistic way has not passed. buildings. This will provide a major challenge like The SSP has the power to change Duke in those already being tackled in the area of personal unexpected and positive ways. Let us make sure transportation. Duke is open to the possibility. In addition, without the same unifying commitment from ACUPCC that led to the CAP Liz Bloomhardt is a fifth-year graduate student in and similarly-focused plans at schools across mechanical engineering. Her column runs every other the country and world, the SSP must navigate a Thursday.


THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011 | 11


The nomads of North Carolina


letterstotheeditor Where is the Duke-Durham hostility? As I read Milap Mehta’s column, “A change for Duke’s eateries,” once again I wondered where is this Duke-Durham hostility? I rarely hear it, though I must admit that with a physical therapy certificate and a Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) from Duke, my circle may be limited. I am aware of two groups who do not like Duke students. The first group is made up of the people living in Trinity Park whose yards are messed up by weekend parties. And this is an old complaint.... I haven’t heard it recently. Unfortunately, the other group of people, who really hate Duke, is much larger. They wear light blue and are graduates of that school 10 miles down the road. Now we all know they are an inferior people, so we should just ignore them. As for the food service workers, I wonder how their supervisors treat them. Perhaps they are just passing the crap along to those who cannot penalize them. Have you considered getting to know them? Judy Schlegel, MALS ’96 Occupy Duke now Last Wednesday, I marched with nearly 15,000 other people in the Occupy Wall Street movement in New York City. I have also spent some time at the live-in itself at Zuccotti Park. I am writing to encourage Duke students to support the national movement by peacefully occupying Duke. Duke itself may not be a primary culprit in the scandal of corporate greed overwhelming our nation (though this is debatable). By most accounts, Duke has encouraged research and debate, increased financial aid and made efforts to keep student loan debt manageable. Nevertheless, Duke students can do enormous good by making their voices heard through protest on campus. Our protest has grown exponentially as people across the nation have taken a good, hard look at themselves and realized the need for everyone—everyone—to take action. Our protest has thrived with the help of people—perhaps like many Duke students—who “don’t really do that.” If you are one of those people, please consider the thought. A Duke protest would bring this urgency to one more community in America. Some in the media have ridiculed our protest as disorganized. Our message, however, is simple: End the preferential treatment of banks “too big to fail” and other multinational corporations at the expense of American jobs, health care and wages. Here are some initiatives I believe any Duke student could support: 1. A financial transaction tax to prevent the absurd and dangerous extremes of electronic

trading. 2. The “Buffett” plan for increasing tax rates on Americans making more than $1 million a year. 3. Outlawing the shameless accounting practices that allow companies to evade taxes—General Electric, for instance, reported $14.2 billion in profit in 2010 and paid no federal taxes. You are part of the 99 percent. Andrew Gerst, Trinity ’06 Disincentivize selective living When reading last Thursday’s article “Twenty-six organizations apply to become selective living groups,” I cannot help but feel that we are headed down a slippery slope toward an increasingly fragmented Duke. Although more intentional community-building can happen through these groups, they are still based on principles of selectivity and exclusivity. As such, more lines of division are drawn, which will negatively impact the current range of student-to-student interactions. But seriously, is it really any wonder there are so many organizations seeking selective living status? Even if the new groups are not randomly assigned their preferred housing locations, group members will still be a part of living communities that enhance their residential experience. These networks are not currently accessible to unaffiliated students, who have their block size limited to six under the new house model. And though administrators might argue that community can be built over time in independent houses, I highly doubt it will be the painless, organic process the house model working group envisions. (Remind me again, why does the existing quad model not work for unaffiliated students?) To curb fragmentation for the long-term health of Duke and truly address social inequity in housing, we need to disincentivize selective living—selective groups cannot have both enhanced community and even the chance to be assigned preferred housing locations on campus. We all know what the less-preferred housing options are; place selective groups there. (Edens and Central, anyone?) Although this might seem unfair, affiliated students are in an undeniably better position to cope. This also encourages current unaffiliated students to invest in existing environments and feel less compelled to be part of selective groups when it should be entirely their choice to not do so. The selective living experience in already a privileged one; there is no reason to privilege it further. Ming Jiu Li, Pratt ’12

his Fall break, I travelled with seven other Duke students across North Carolina, discovering the stories of Muslims in the “Old North State.” As with all the best experiences, I left with more questions than answers. The first question that usually comes up is “Why in the world would you want to do something like that?” Part of the answer is because through many student groups, Duke can provide money for those who can think of something to do during their Fall break that sounds more worthwhile ahmad jitan than loafing around and watching Netflix at home. Beyond that, believe indecent family man it or not, Muslims in North Carolina actually have valuable stories to share. Many people are unaware of the presence of Muslims in this state beyond the image of doctors with funny names, African Americans with radical politics and militant Islamist youth. How do we get to a point where the public perception of Muslims is fuller and more genuine? One way is to study the history of the state. In Fayetteville, we learned about Omar bin Said. Bin Said was a member of the aristocratic class and somewhat of an Islamic scholar in what is present-day Senegal, and was brought to the United States as a slave in 1807. His demeanor and knowledge of Arabic were a source of intrigue for his slaveholder as well as for modern scholars. His autobiography, found in 1995, is the only American slave narrative known to exist in Arabic. Some of his Arabic writings are available in the Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library of UNC. This isn’t just an interesting story; it illustrates that the United States, and the state of North Carolina in particular, has had encounters with Islam and Muslims from its earliest days. It’s also a reminder as to how the effects of slavery and colonialism continue to play out and affect our daily lives. How many Muslims in the United States are the descendants of slaves? How many are the descendants of people colonized by European imperial powers? The presence of Muslims in America forces this country to address those ugly realities of our history along with those of our current foreign policies. But what I found more useful on the trip than researching in libraries was to actually hear the individual accounts of Muslims across the state. When the media only replays certain narratives of Muslims, people’s individual voices are drowned out. Muslims mainly exist in the general public’s consciousness when they hear about a terrorist attack. They aren’t the cancer survivors, the parents concerned about their kids getting into a top college or the high school graduates with hopes of leaving the ghetto for good. Humanizing Muslims by sharing their everyday human struggles, however, wasn’t the main motivation of my trip either. I didn’t travel around North Carolina during my Fall break to remind others that Muslims also bleed, fart and cry. That may be a useful reminder for some, but I hope that the majority of my audience can discuss things at a deeper level as well. Some of my struggles growing up, and that continue today, have had to do with feelings of alienation and a lack of belonging. Part of it was probably due to general existential angst, but a significant amount of it was more directly due to my Muslim identity in the society that I live in. As part of negotiating these struggles, I realized the value in reflecting and sharing stories with others who have had similar experiences. Don’t be fooled to think that there’s such a thing as a singular “Muslim experience.” If anything, this trip has reinforced that this is far from the truth. It is fascinating, however, to see how so many individuals are tied together by the delicate string of a common-faith tradition. People often use their faith or spirituality to find a sense of belonging. The sense of belonging isn’t limited to the four walls of the mosque; for the believer, it extends beyond them and encompasses the entire universe, even past death. It’s amazing to see that sense of community persist when the walls of almost every mosque we visited had been vandalized at one point or another since Sept. 11th. Despite the unwelcoming gestures from a select few, Muslims continued to create their sense of identity within the larger society. In sharing stories with other Muslims in North Carolina, we shared our hopes and dreams along with our fears, anxieties and questions: Where did this Islamophobia come from and when and how is it going to leave? Why are so many mosques segregated along racial or ethnic lines and what role will the new generation of Muslims play in solving this problem? How do you preserve a rich and valuable tradition but allow it to grow with the changing times? How do you find love in a world that seems so hopeless and disconnected? Of course, there are no easy answers to any of these questions. But this Fall break, the eight of us—the self-titled “Nomads of North Carolina”—found a way to begin to work some of them through. You can follow some of those thoughts at our blog: Ahmad Jitan is a Trinity junior. His column runs every other Thursday.

12 | THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 2011


SOLAR PANELS from page 1 Taschuk said. “These are parked cars that have tubes inside to circulate water and remove that heat.” Facilities Management chose the Bryan Center for the solar panel project because of its relatively constant hot water usage, in part due to its high concentration of eateries, Palumbo said. Depending on how the panels perform, the University may install them elsewhere as well. “We’re installing it, we’re learning about it,” he said. “Then we would analyze the results and look at other facilities on campus to see if there’s a match. But first we want to understand how it functions there.” Duke bore no cost for the capital expense of the project, Palumbo said, adding that Duke’s only financial commitment is to purchase the solar thermally heated water from Holocene. Energy companies like Holocene are incentivized to install solar panels at institutions such as Duke in order to take advantage of state and federal tax credits. As a nonprofit, Duke is unable to take advantage of reductions in taxes from

renewable energy incentives, Palumbo said. The cost of the project has not been disclosed. Holocene Director of Sales Charles McClure said tax incentives help the renewable energy industry grow to a sustainable level. “Right now incentives at the state and federal level for this industry are absolutely essential,” McClure said. “To create a viable industry... it has to make it through a growth period. It needs a few years to grow and become strong.” Under the current arrangement, Holocene will own and operate the installation for seven years to fully process the tax incentives and will sell Duke the hot water at prices comparable to the market rate for hot water from conventional energy sources, McClure said. After seven years, the solar panels will revert back to Duke’s ownership and the University will benefit from not having to pay an outside source for hot water. The next phase of construction will include the installation of copper pipes to connect the thermal collectors to the holding tank and the addition of the tank itself, Taschuk said. He estimated that the project is on schedule to finish by the end of October.

Coming Out Day @ Duke TOMORROW - 11am-2pm - The Bryan Center Plaza Show your support for the Duke lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community and learn about resources for “coming out” as LGBT or as an ally.

Featuring the return of the Love = Love T-Shirts!!!! (Limited Supply)

Sponsors Black Student Alliance Blue Devils United CAPS Career Center Center for Multicultural Affairs Duke Student Wellness Center DukeOut Fraternity & Sorority Life Freeman Center for Jewish Life International House Mi Gente Office for Institutional Equity OSAF Romance Studies Sexuality Studies Women’s Center

ABORTION from page 1 temporary restraining order of the abortion law until the case is decided, said Katy Parker, legal director of the North Carolina chapter of ACLU. “The theory is that the law compels speech,” Parker said. “ It’s compelling the doctor to speak in a way that goes beyond informed consent, and it’s compelling the woman to use her body as a billboard for the state’s ideological message. Essentially, it’s a government intrusion into one of the most private relationships.” State representatives Patricia McElraft, R-Cateret, Jones, and Ruth Samuelson, R-Mecklenburg, introduced the bill in early April, and it was approved by the House appropriations committee May 19. The law passed the state House 71-48 June 8. Although Gov. Bev Perdue vetoed the law in July, the veto was overridden by the state Senate. As of Wednesday night, McElraft and Samuelson were not available to comment. Previously, women seeking abortions in North Carolina were required to undergo an ultrasound and pap smear as well as be exposed to abortion alternatives, medical facts and legal information, said Alison Kiser, field manager at Planned Parenthood of Central North Carolina. According to the bill, doctors are now required to expose all patients to the real-time view of the unborn child and “the opportunity to hear the fetal heart tone” prior to the abortion “in order for the woman to make an informed decision.” The only exceptions are in the case of a medical emergency in which an abortion is necessary to avert death or irreversible bodily impairment. Kiser said she believes that the new law does not offer enough discretion. “Even if the abortion is out of incest or other tragic cases, there are no exceptions” Kiser said. “It is an egregious and unrestricted law that entails much more than a simple counseling session.” The intention of the law, however, is not to be insensitive but rather to provide all women equal access to necessary information, said Barbara Holt, president of North Carolina Right to Life, a pro-life organization. “A woman who has been raped deserves as many facts as the woman who has not been the victim of the rape,” Holt said. “She needs the information for all the same reasons.” Proponents of the lawsuit argued that the procedure prior to the passage of this bill sufficiently ensured informed consent by women. “Instead of providing informed consent as it relates to specific procedures, doctors must now provide descriptions of the fetus that may not be medically-applicable at all,” Kiser said. “This pertains to the idea that women don’t put a great deal of thought and deliberate consideration into the decision.” Supporters of the bill said they believe the legislation will guarantee that each woman receives a more complete idea about the decision of whether or not to proceed with an abortion. “The mother who is contemplating an abortion must understand the consequences,” Holt said. “It’s better for her to see the unborn child before the abortion than after the abortion when she can’t do anything about it.... We [currently] treat [mothers] as if they can’t handle facts.” Although some believe exposing patients to this information may be harmful, Holt said she believes that the level of patient-doctor contact under the law is beneficial to women. “Abortions are usually done in freestanding facilities where people don’t see the doctor until they’re on the table,” Holt said. “If anything, [the law] would establish a patient-doctor relationship.” Students on campus sympathized with the notion that the law is an intrusion on constitutional rights. “This is an intrusion on the freedom of speech and an intrusion on what the Supreme Court has said is a woman’s guaranteed right to access abortion,” said junior Elena Botella, co-president of Duke Democrats. “Imagine if every time you wanted to eat a hamburger or a hot dog, it would require counseling 24 hours in advance concerning the repercussions of eating meat. We would consider that interventionist or a violation of free speech.” Botella said she disagreed with Holt’s statement that the law could be beneficial for patient-doctor relations. “That justification is irrelevant—no one is doing this to facilitate more doctor-patient contact,” Botella said. “That doctor is reading from a script that is available online.” Senior John Bria, a senior representative on the Duke College Republicans, said he does not see the harm in mandating that doctors provide medical information that he believes should be given anyway. “I get that it will create an emotional response in some women, and I can see how it can be framed as shaming women out of [an] abortion,” Bria said. “But, I feel as if women should be made aware of what they’re sacrificing by giving up this child.” Duke Women’s Center Director Ada Gregory was not available for comment.

Oct. 13, 2011 issue  

October 13th, 2011 issue of The Chronicle

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