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The Chronicle

FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011




by Lauren Carroll THE CHRONICLE

Among hundreds of international ventures, Duke Kunshan University has emerged as the tour de force in Duke’s global expansion movement. Scheduled to open in July 2012, the University’s China campus has fueled steady conversation among faculty members, students and administrators since the project began to take shape in 2009. Although DKU has drawn criticism because of its potential risk factors, administrators who oversee the project remain confident that they are taking all the necessary steps to create a viable institution abroad. Administrators took a major step forward June 20 when they submitted an official government proposal required to open an international institution in China, Nora Bynum, director of global strategy in the office of global strategy and programs, wrote in an email June 24. This proposal is an operational plan for both the construction and potential academic programs at DKU. The proposal will first be evaluated by the Jiangsu Province Education Bureau—the province where the city of Kunshan is located,


outside of Shanghai—before going to the Chinese Ministry of Education for final approval. The document was submitted several months later than administrators anticipated, as Duke originally expected to offer the proposal in March. Duke administrators hope that the proposal will be approved within the next few months, Bynum said, adding that DKU campus development will continue while the approval is still pending. “There is much to work on, in terms of academic planning, for example,” Bynum said. “Construction on the Phase One buildings and operational planning also continues.” Administrators have noted that although the proposal could technically be rejected by the Chinese government, they are confident it will be accepted. Although the Fuqua School of Business will be the first school to offer degrees at DKU— a Masters in Management Studies program to enroll students in 2012 and an Executive Masters of Business Administration to begin in 2013—academic planning is still in its early stages, said Fuqua professor Jeanette Song, a SEE KUNSHAN ON PAGE A-24

A-2 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011



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Medical campus undergoes construction

Review of the Bull City Connector service after its first year of operation

Summer recap photo essay

A profile of President Brodhead’s summer trip around the world

Duke Annual Fund sees growth

Summer research highlights

A recap of Duke’s research initiatives over the summer

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Q&A with the Dean Tom Katsouleas

Duke’s involvement with the Large Hadron Collider Q&A with Pete Schork, Duke Student Government President

Crime in Durham: how the level of safety is improving in the Bull City.

Upcoming changes for Duke Dining

The Duke Lemur Center expands

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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-3


Wagoner to begin Bovender, Rubenstein to term as BOT chair serve as joint vice chairs by Nicole Kyle THE CHRONICLE

Richard Wagoner, the former president and CEO of General Motors Corp. and Trinity ’75, assumes his position as chair of the Board of Trustees today. Wagoner, who was elected to the Board in 2001, served as vice chair of the Board since 2007 and was a member of the trusteeship committee and the facilities and environment committee, among others. Wagoner said his work on these committees, especially his experience with the presidential search, the 2005 Financial Aid Initiative and as chair of the Fuqua School of Business Board of Visitors from 1998 to 2001, gives him an in-depth perspective and a good understanding of both the Board and the University as a whole. “Duke is fortunate enough to have a very capable faculty and administration, and it also has a very effective and highly engaged Board of Trustees,” Wagoner said. “All of us have been pleased with the progress we’ve seen with Duke over the last decade, and everyone is committed to continuing that, including close engagement with students, faculty and the entire Duke community” Some of the areas that will particularly capture the Board’s attention this year are the potential for a capital campaign, student life—including facilities and residential space—and further discussions on

academic programs, campus culture and student interest in entrepreneurship and innovation. A significant amount of development will take place regarding Duke’s international activity, particularly with Duke Kunshan University, Wagoner added. He noted that he is very pleased with Duke’s financial progress in the last couple of years, especially the University’s success in reducing its operating budget, which prompted significant savings. He also noted the University’s simultaneous commitment to investment and the state of the Duke University Endowment. “It’s good to see the progress in the Duke University Endowment over the last couple of years, in essence regaining the ground that was lost in late 2008-2009,” Wagoner said. “From that perspective, the University is in very good condition financially, but with the lessons learned from the recession, we need to constantly ensure that the University is running as efficiently as possible, while also investing in important areas such as enhancing our students experience, our faculty and our programs.” Fuqua Dean Blair Sheppard, who also serves on Fuqua’s Board of Visitors, said Wagoner’s life experience and multidimensional Duke experience makes him particularly suited to chair the Board. SEE WAGONER ON PAGE A-26

Duke in the Andes

by Lauren Carroll and Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE

The Board of Trustees has elected two Duke graduates— Jack Bovender Jr., Trinity ’67 and Graduate School ’69, and David Rubenstein, Trinity ’70—to serve as co-vice chairs. Bovender, the former CEO of Hospital Corporation of America Healthcare, said he will call on his experience as a Duke graduate and Jack Bovender Jr. hospital administrator during the coming year. He has been a member of the Board since 2007 and also serves on the Fuqua School of Business Board of Visitors and the Duke University Health System Board of Directors. He formerly served on the Divinity School Board of Visitors, as well as the executive committee of the Duke Annual Fund. His son, Richard, is a 2008 Fuqua David Rubenstein graduate. Bovender said he is privileged to serve on a Board whose members have such a rich connection to the University. “Duke is very important to all of us, and

it was a defining moment in [our] lives and a foundation for all the things that came later in life,” Bovender said. “It’s an honor to be involved with the University.” As a long-time hospital official and a graduate of Fuqua’s former Masters of Hospital Administration degree program, which is now the Health Sector Management program, Bovender noted that he will provide a necessary perspective on the Board, especially due to Duke’s large medical system. “I’ve spent my life in hospitals at various [administrative] levels as well as a CEO of a Fortune 100 company,” Bovender said. “Health is a critical part of the mission of the University.” Nancy Andrews, dean of the School of Medicine and vice chancellor for academic affairs, said she has enjoyed serving on the DUHS board with Bovender because of his dedication to the University and its medical system. “He has a deep understanding of health care issues from his experience as the highly regarded chairman and CEO of HCA, combined with strong loyalty to Duke and tremendous integrity,” Andrews wrote in an email. Bovender said he believes the most pressing issues for the University are continued financial challenges leftover from the economic crisis as well as the task of SEE VICE CHAIRS ON PAGE A-17


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A-4 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Duke University Health System continues construction by Melissa Dalis THE CHRONICLE

Medical students, hospital visitors and patients will see the beginnings of a newly constructed medical campus upon their return to Duke this Fall. The Duke University Health System has been working on new construction projects and expanding its campus since Fall 2009. The first project to break ground was the Duke Medical Pavilion, followed by the start of construction on the Cancer Center Spring 2010. Most recently, construction began on the DUHS’ new Learning Center, which is expected to be completed by late 2012. According to a document from DUHS, the Cancer Center is projected to open in February 2012 and the Duke Medical Pavilion will likely open in mid-2013. “We feel it’s very timely for these projects to be done

[because of] the need for the new facilities and the updating of the facilities,” said Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and chief executive officer for DUHS. “Our hospital and our medical school are quite old.” These additions to the medical campus are all part of a larger vision for DUHS. The three centers are meant to become the new hub of the DUHS campus, said Dr. Monte Brown, vice president of administration for DUHS and associate dean of veterans affairs for Duke’s School of Medicine. The two sides of the medical campus—Duke North and Duke South—are also going to be connected via a closed, air-conditioned walkway connecting the two main hospitals. Construction on the walkway will begin in November. Brown added that medical students also had a major role in the planning process of the three buildings. Students served on planning committees to help de-

cide and provide input on facility design, layout, placement and programming. This summer, construction of the Learning Center is in full swing, with meaningful progress ahead. The steel for the center will go up after July 4, Brown said, adding that there is now glass on three sides of the building. The Learning Center, a facility exclusively for the School of Medicine and its students, will include a 400-person capacity auditorium, as well as classrooms and simulation suites that can transform from mock exam rooms to operating and emergency rooms, Brown said. There will also be a student life center with areas for fitness, studying and socializing—a notable improvement because it will be the first area at Duke where all medical students can congregate. Dzau added that the Learning Center is the first medical school building of its kind to be constructed since its founding 80 years ago. According to the document from DUHS, the Cancer Center, will contain 123 clinical exam rooms, 73 infusion stations, radiation oncology, radiology services and a mammography suite. During the next two weeks, a facilities building will be demolished to make space for open garden areas that will be used for chemotherapy infusions at the center, Brown said. The Duke Medicine Pavilion will also provide more patient resources, containing 160 intensive and intermediate care rooms, 16 operating rooms, a patient resource center with a health library and private patient rooms with areas designated for family visits, Brown said. “We turn away patients every day because we don’t have enough beds, so our doctors and nurses are in desperate need of this extra capacity in order to take care of the patients,” he said. Costs for the three new facilities exceeded $880 million, as the costs for the Cancer Center, the Duke Medical Pavillion and the Learning Center are $235 million, $596 million and $55 million, respectively, Brown said. Funding for the construction came from DUHS reserves, a $300 million bond and outside fundraising. DUHS did receive a $50 million gift from the Duke endowment, $35 million of which has been applied to the Learning Center. The financial crisis has not significantly affected the health system’s ability to build, added University Architect John Pearce. “Duke has been very tactical in its project planning on both the University side and on the medical center side,” SEE CONSTRUCTION ON PAGE A-19


New Duke University Health System buildings include a Medical Pavillion, a Cancer Center and a Learning Center.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-5

ith Dean Tom Katsouleas Q&A with Dean of Pratt Tom Katsouleas has been overseeing Duke’s engineers for the past three years. Also a professor and researcher in electrical and computer engineering, Katsouleas has seen the University—and its engineering students—through many different lenses. The Chronicle’s Melissa Dalis recently sat down with Katsouleas to discuss his experience as dean, new additions to Pratt in the coming year and advice for engineers in the Class of 2015 before they arrive on campus. The Chronicle: What’s your favorite part about being the Dean of Pratt? Tom Katsouleas: The fun thing about being dean is that you are the tip of the arrow for the school, including its students, its staff, its faculty, its alums, your professional peers at your peer institutions, the development donors [and] society at large—it’s just a really interesting opportunity to interact with really interesting people at all levels. TC: When did you fall in love with engineering? TK: My father was an electrical and mechanical engineer and always wanted me to be an engineer. He started by teaching me physics, and much to his chagrin, I actually fell first in love with physics. About the time that I was choosing a major in graduate school after finishing with a broad degree in physics, I realized that all the majors I was interested in were applied. I was interested in working on nuclear fusion energy, and I started finding that everything I was interested in was falling into the engineering domain rather than the physics domain. So it actually happened kind of at the grad school level that I realized that my true heart was with engineering, not just basic science, and so in the end I think my dad was happy. TC: How is Pratt unique from other engineering schools? TK: There’s a sort of a personality to the Pratt students. The two characteristics I’ve seen are kind of a broader intellectual curiosity and a greater desire to give back in some way, and those are sort of signatures of the kind of students that seem to be drawn to Duke

and to Pratt that sets it apart. The other thing is we pride ourselves on providing hands-on personal experiences for students, so 95 percent of our students… do either an internship or an extensive research experience with the professor of their choosing. We provide a lot of these extracurricular activities that are beyond the classroom—probably a greater variety of those than just about anywhere else—and our students participate in them in greater numbers. About a third of our stu-


dents do an overseas program at some point, whether it’s a semester abroad, Engineers Without Borders or something like that—and that’s about 15 times the national average—so it’s quite a bit different here. TC: What do you think is the biggest difference between a Pratt and a Trinity student? TK: Both students are really the crème de la crème in terms of the best students in the country, and both of them are passionate about academics and yet still find time to do things like tent for basketball tickets. There’s a lot more in common than different, but [with] the nature of the rigor of the engineering program, I think the engineering students have longer hours and more lab time.... But hopefully, we make up for it by having cool things that we build and fun things that we learn. TC: Are there any new additions, such as faculty, to Pratt that you’d like to talk about? TK: At the end of this year, we opened a brand new machine shop for undergraduate students with extended hours so that students can do semester projects until all hours…. We have Desiree Plata coming from MIT, and she’s an expert in green manufacturing techniques…. From Italy, we have a new faculty member in geobiomorphology—an interesting area of civil/environmental engineering…. We have a new faculty member in biomedical engineering in cellular mechanics coming from Harvard…. In mechanical engineering, we have a fellow from Johns Hopkins named Omar Neo, who is going to lead a new program in decisions under uncertainty. TC: Where is your favorite place to study on campus? TK: [My office] Teer 305 or Twinnie’s…. I have office hours on Friday mornings at 9 a.m. in Twinnie’s, and it’s open to anyone—students, faculty [and] staff— anybody to drop in. That’s my favorite place really, because I have a nice cup of coffee and then people come

Tom Katsouleas, dean of the Pratt School of Engineering, began his post in 2008 after leaving the University of Southern California.


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A-6 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Bus system misses mark on ridership goal by Caroline Fairchild THE CHRONICLE

Last August, the University launched a unique project with a difficult mission: connect Duke students and downtown Durham with a new bus system. One year later, Durham and school officials are evaluating the success of the Bull City Connector program and asking themselves whether students are taking full advan-

tage of the free transportation between West Campus and the downtown area. The University agreed to cofund the BCC last summer in the hopes that it would encourage students to explore Durham beyond the usual venues. Phail Wynn, Duke’s vice president for Durham and regional affairs, said the University agreed to give $375,000 to the BCC after Rep.


Despite offering a free transportation service, the BCC has not met its goals.

David Price, D-N.C., secured a $3 million federal grant to fund the new bus system. Although officials originally hoped the buses would serve approximately 2,000 riders a day, Wynn said daily ridership is roughly 1,500. And instead of Duke students, most of the riders appear to be locals, particularly Duke employees going to and from work. “I think we have a lot of work to do,” Wynn said. “I don’t think we have successfully conveyed to students the convenience of the Bull City Connector and made them aware of the Bull City Connector, so we have to work next year to make students aware of its flexibility and convenience.” Despite ridership falling short of previously stated goals, Durham’s Public Affairs Director Beverly Thompson wrote in an email that she still believes the service has moved closer to its initial goals. “While the ridership has not reached our goal for the first year, the service has certainly accomplished the goal of connecting Duke to downtown Durham,” Thompson said. “Now we just need to make more people aware of the details about the service.” Some students took full advantage of the BCC last year and welcomed its installment on Duke’s campus. Sarah Goetz, Trinity ’11, wrote in an email that while the Duke buses are convenient for most students, she found it difficult getting from her apartment on Central Campus to work at Smith Warehouse. The BCC not only offered her an easier way to get to work, she said, but also a way to see Durham from another perspective.

“I used it every day of my senior year cutting my commute from 20 minutes to two minutes,” Goetz said. “The best part about the bus, other than the time it saved me, was stepping out of the Duke community for a bit every day. Though the ride was short, I’ve had quite a few great conversations on the bus.” Junior Alex Swain, Duke Student Government vice president for Durham and regional affairs, noted that many students are unaware of the BCC’s advantages. Swain wrote in an e-mail that getting the word out about the service will be on DSG’s agenda for the 2011-2012 academic year. “Although the program is new, increasing student ridership of the BCC should be and is on the minds of the University’s administration because it is such a wonderful resource to students,” Swain said. “The Durham and regional affairs committee of DSG will be looking into doing our part to reach the goal of increased student ridership.” Specifically, Swain advocated incorporating the BCC into firstyear orientation programs and publications distributed by the Office of New Student and Family Programs. Incoming freshman Trish Ike wrote in an email that a free bus service would be a great way to see Durham once she arrives on campus. “We all come from different parts of the United States and even different parts of the world,” Ike said. “With this in mind, I believe having the opportunity to explore Durham will definitely give us students a broad exposure to different types of environments and commu-

nities that exist around us.” Wynn noted that Duke’s initial financial commitment to the BCC consists of a two-year contract totaling $650,000 in University funds. Working in collaboration with the city, Wynn said Duke is actively trying to improve the quality of the service and make Duke’s collaboration with the city worthwhile. “We want the second year to be a better year and for the numbers to get up from where we set our goal,” he said. “We are still trying to gather data about each of the pick-up and drop-off points... so we can reduce the wait time where there is more traffic.” Bus riders have ideas about how to improve the service as well. While the BCC allowed Goetz to experience parts of the city that would have been otherwise out of reach, she said adding a more frequent weekend service could motivate students to get off campus and into the Durham community. “If it could have extended hours on Friday and Saturday, and run at all on Sunday, it would give students an outlet for the brilliant food and music culture of Durham and tell them that it doesn’t end at the gates of Campus Drive,” she said. A world that extends beyond Campus Drive is exactly what Ike hopes the BCC will help her experience come this Fall. “I think that college should not be a world onto itself and everyone should take the advantage to explore the realms beyond campus,” she said. “I would highly take advantage of the free transportation system and explore Durham to observe the different cultures, customs and fun things I can embrace during my four years at Duke.”


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-7

ith Casey Steinbacher Q&A with Casey Steinbacher is the president and CEO of the Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce, and as the nation pulls out of a recession, the Chamber’s function has become growlingly necessary and intriguing. Steinbacher’s main function is to work with members of the Durham business community to create and maintain a healthy economic climate. The Chronicle’s Kelly Scurry recently


Casey Steinbacher currently serves as the president and CEO of the Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce.

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spoke with Steinbacher to discuss the vital role she and the Chamber play in Durham, as well as their future plans for economic expansion and innovation in the growing Bull City. Kelly Scurry: What is the role of the Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce? Casey Steinbacher: We are a memberbased organization. Businesses pay dues to support our programs. The Chamber’s main initiatives deal with business development and community development. KS: How did you originally get involved? CS: I was recruited by the [Greater] Durham Chamber [of Commerce] from South Florida, where I worked with a chamber of commerce. I have worked in local government for 10 years and have a degree in urban planning. KS: Is the Chamber working with city and/or county officials on Durham redevelopment projects? CS: We are the official economic development organization for Durham County. We are the organization that sits across companies that want to expand or move to Durham. KS: What resources does the Chamber provide to help people build their businesses? CS: We have a variety of resources. We have the whole breadth of spectrum of business from small, medium, to large companies. Depending on where you fall on the spectrum determines the resources the Chamber provides. KS: Does the Chamber have any programs or initiatives that support youth




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entrepreneurship? CS: We have a full-time staff person who deals with Talent and Work Development. We spend as much time on the talent pool side of the house as on business side of the house. We have programs that deal with children from birth to age five as well as providing elementary, secondary and adult education to aid entrepreneurship. KS: In what ways do Chamber programs and activities support minority businesses—specifically those of AfricanAmericans, who during segregation created separate chambers of commerce, and Hispanics, a fast-growing segment

of the Durham population. CS: We also have an African-American Chamber of Commerce in Durham [Greater Durham Chamber of Commerce] and a Hispanic Chamber of Commerce in Raleigh. We work closely with black organizations to offer entrepreneurship and networking programs. In addition to the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, the Durham Chamber of Commerce works closely with El Centro and the Latino Credit Union to promote collaborative opportunities between organizations and business. SEE STEINBACHER ON PAGE A-19


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A-8 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Duke researchers key in Large Hadron Collider tests by Michael Shammas THE CHRONICLE

The future of physics is being shaped in a concrete tunnel 574 feet beneath the border of France and Switzerland—and Duke is playing an important role. Professors and students from the University are contributing to the progress being made at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest particle accelerator. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) built the LHC in order to test various theories of high-energy physics and especially to check for the existence of the Higgs boson—an elementary particle often called the “God particle” by the media due to its hypothesized importance in explaining the Big Bang Theory. “During the past 20 years we have reached an impasse. Established theory can explain all measurements, but it does not explain why our universe on the

whole looks the way it does,” said James B. Duke professor of physics Berndt Mueller. “The hope is that the LHC will provide the data that are needed to decide what the correct extension of our current understanding of nature is. The competing theories go under the name supersymmetry, technicolor, additional dimensions and so on. I would not be surprised if none of them turn out to be right.” The Duke professors of physics involved in the research include Steffen Bass and Thomas Mehen, who are working on theory, and Ayana Arce, Alfred Goshaw, Ashutosh Kotwal, Mark Kruse and Seog Oh, who are focusing more on experimental work, Mueller noted. The physics department is also sending several undergraduate students to work at the LHC this summer, he added. He said he believed the collider can further physicists’ understanding of how the universe was created

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and can possibly reshape physics forever. “The LHC accelerates atomic nuclei to extremely high energies and collides them,” Mueller said. “This makes it possible to study processes that only occurred during the Big Bang when the universe was extremely hot.” Thousands of scientists are collaborating on this project, and their responsibilities vary from monitoring malfunctioning sensors to studying the effects of collisions between particles, said Arce, assistant professor of physics. Arce is using the ATLAS detector—a 7,000-ton instrument designed to examine the collision of protons in the LHC to uncover new types of particles or new ways that particles interact. “Every collision is different, but most of them involve familiar particles—the quarks inside protons, as well as electrons, neutrinos, photons and their ‘cousins’— and the results can be predicted by existing theoretical models,” Arce said. “My colleagues and I want to find collisions that we can’t explain with these theories.” Junior Zach Epstein is working under Kotwal this summer on the ATLAS detector studying particle decay. “The ATLAS experiment is a huge thing within the LHC and hundreds of people are working on it,” he said. “It is exciting to have the opportunity to work on this. At the same time, it is important to realize that this is just a small piece in the puzzle. Answering the big questions will take a long time.” Mehen, associate professor of physics, said in time, the LHC could help solve some of physics’ most enduring questions. “I think that there are a lot of interesting theories postulated [in physics], and I have worked on some of them, but I think that what is really interesting is the opportunity to obtain new experimental data [from the LHC] which may address long-standing questions,” said Mehen. “Theorists have been speculating for decades about what will happen at the LHC—it is time for us to listen to what nature will tell us.” Although disputes are more often the rule than the exception in physics, the university’s professors all agreed on one thing—whatever happens at the LHC, the future of physics is bright. “These are very exciting times in physics, and especially particle physics now that the LHC is working extremely well,” Kotwal said. “Any new discovery at the LHC will be a game-changer, and with multiple discoveries possible, we may soon have a whole new paradigm in sub-atomic physics.”

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The Large Hadron Collider, built by CERN and housed in Europe, is used to test various theories of high-energy physics.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-9

Mellon Foundation grant aids humanities From Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

The University is embarking on a new effort to revitalize and expand the role of the undergraduate humanities. The initiative called “Humanities Writ Large” will be funded by a five-year, $6 million grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and will support new faculty hires, undergraduate research and University-wide interdisciplinary collaboration, according to a Duke News release June 28. One of the initiative’s objectives is to emphasize the importance of the humanities in the modern world, the release reported. At a time when enrollment in humanities programs is dwindling across the nation, the administration and faculty plan to use the initiative to encourage students to critically analyze global issues. This will counteract the public notion that these problems are solvable only by using science and technology, Srinivas Aravmudan, dean of the humanities and a professor of English, said in the release. The initiative will also focus on undergraduate education and research and will explore new learning models, focusing on collective efforts among undergraduates, graduate students and faculty members. This is building off of the current humanities laboratory model, which emphasizes multi-school, crossdisciplinary research. An example of this model is the Haiti Lab—currently the only established humanities laboratory on campus. The lab evaluates health and human rights issues

in Haiti and draws on faculty and students from the Duke School of Law as well as the Duke Global Health Institute. According to the John Hope Franklin Institute website, two additional humanities labs are already going to open this Fall— BorderWork(s) and GreaterThanGames. The former will study the making and dissolution of borders in communities, states and countries. GreaterThanGames is a lab which will bring together virtual and realworld technologies. It is unclear if these particular labs will be funded by the Mellon grant. The University also expects to use the grant funding to foster inter-institutional relationships, including a partnership that invites visiting scholars from historically black colleges and universities. Deborah Jakubs, vice provost for library affairs, said in the press release she anticipates that the “Humanities Writ Initiative” will expand Duke Libraries’ reach across the University. Librarians will be able to use their existing expertise and resources to “capture and preserve new knowledge as it is created, in whatever form it takes.” This is also not the first time the Mellon Foundation has contributed to the University. The foundation has supported other humanities-based initiatives such as the Nasher Museum of Art, the Visual Studies Initiative and Duke Libraries. As The Chronicle previously reported, the foundation also funded a $1.6 million endowment for the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies in 2002.

A-10 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Summer spectacles A photo essay by Jon Bedell, Nate Glencer and Ted Knudsen.

1. President Barack Obama paid a visit to the Triangle June 13 to discuss the job market and economic sustainability. 2. Students participate in the Duke Campus Farm’s designated “workdays” Wednesdays and Sundays. 3. The Class of 2011 graduated May 15 with Cisco CEO John Chambers and graduating senior and DSG President Mike Lefevre as the commencement speakers. 4. The Blue Devils advanced to the Final Four in Baltimore, Md., but fell in the national semifinals to Maryland. Duke was attempting to win its second straight national championship. 5. Nearly 400 people attended Reynolds Price’s celebratory service May 19. The event, titled “A Long and Happy Life,” commemorated the late professor’s achievements at Duke. 6. Art aficionados join local artists in painting the American Dance Festival’s iconic school bus during its third annual pre-season block party May 22. 7. Duke students welcome in the first summer session with a barbecue event at Central Campus’ Mill Village.




FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-11






A-12 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


ith Pete Schork Q&A with With a new academic year comes a new Duke Student Government president, who is often referred to as Duke’s student body president. The Chronicle’s Anna Koelsch talked to DSG President Pete Schork, a senior, about his predictions and plans for the coming year as well as his advice for freshmen. The Chronicle: How would you explain Duke Student Government to students who either don’t know much about it or have the wrong idea about what it does? Pete Schork: I’d say DSG is first and foremost a government simulation, with a Senate and bylaws and stuff like that. With that, it provides a great opportunity to build leadership skills and practical skills of public speaking and negotiation that will be with you for a lifetime. More importantly, DSG is a student advocacy organization. People who devote years to DSG don’t just show up to Wednesday Senate meetings to debate but also really enjoy collaborat-

ing with administrators to improve our student experience. It’s a fantastic way to leave a legacy and shape the future of student life here. That’s what has kept me with it. TC: What do you see as the biggest challenges facing Duke in the next year? PS: I think the biggest thing next year from the undergrad perspective will be University follow-through with ongoing efforts to build a better infrastructure for on-campus community. This will entail getting broad student input in the design for the renovation of West Union and the implementation of the new house model. These changes—and especially the house model—will be much more solidified by the end of the year, and it is my hope that DSG can play a major role in providing balanced student input on these projects. TC: How do you think DSG has changed over the past three years? PS: One of the things that is interesting about DSG is

Seize a Clean Day • Regular Maintenance Cleanings (Initial Cleaning and then every 1, 2, or 4 weeks)

• As-Needed Cleanings • Carpet Cleaning • Move-out / Move-in Cleanings

that it’s a different animal under every administration. Overall though, I think that the organization is now more organized and more dedicated towards making an impact. My freshman year, people took the meetings very seriously but didn’t take their lobbying work very seriously. Mike [Lefevre, former DSG President and Trinity ’11] and other recent leaders really helped us move toward being a more passionate advocacy organization. I’m optimistic about the upcoming year because everyone on our team is really imbued with this dedicated mindset, and I can tell we’re ready to hit the ground running from day one. TC: Do you have any advice for incoming freshmen? PS: You’re going to be overwhelmed, but you should try to embrace that as much as possible. Freshman year is a time to explore every extracurricular option that you could be interested in. Duke has over 400 student groups, and if you don’t find something like you within that, we have a really strong supportive entrepreneurial culture for you to create your own group. When you arrive you should cast a wide net as far as joining groups—that’s how you’ll discover something you’re passionate about. TC: Are there any classes you recommend? PS: I really liked the Service Opportunities in Leadership program. The classes are Border Crossing and Adaptive Leadership with Alma Blount. That was my favorite course experience, but as you will learn if you participate, it is an experience that goes much deeper than the classroom. TC: What eateries or restaurants do you recommend for freshmen? PS: I’m biased—I love Cosmic [Cantina] and hole-inthe-wall places. I’d encourage freshmen to try something a little different and explore Durham. It’s easier now to feel like a resident of Durham as a Duke student than ever before. I’d encourage freshmen to explore eateries downtown, where they might not normally go until they’re an upperclassman. Especially if they’re from the Northeast like me, I think they’ll find that food is cheaper and generally more varied.

Winner of the 2010 Medium Business Excellence Award from the Durham Chamber We’ve got housecleaning “maid”!

919-68-CLEAN • 919-682-5326 • Center for LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN STUDIES Duke University

Opportunities for Undergraduates! JAMES LEE/CHRONICLE FILE PHOTO

Certificate Program: interdisciplinary courses, internships, visiting professors, student publications, Georgetown Masters program eligibility, career portfolios Visiting Professor: Spring 2012, Dr. Alexandre Fortes - a labor Historian from Brazil and activist known for collaborative program building and public outreach

Duke Student Government President Pete Schork assumed office in May.

Follow us:

Travel Grants: Summer research funding, language training in Yucatec Maya, Haitian Kreyol, and Brazilian Portuguese DukeEngage: 9 programs in Latin America and the Caribbean For more information about our events (Film Festival, conferences, courses, faculty, seminars, outreach, and funding) please visit our web site



FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-13

Fall 2011 Opening Schedule Upperclass Students Please note that Residence Hall check-in is decentralized. You will check in and pick up keys in your Quad. Keys will be issued ONLY to the assigned resident. When arriving for check-in please have your DukeCard or valid state ID ready. No early arrivals will be permitted unless prior approval is granted. Beginning August 1 check our website for important parking information:

Check-in Times: West Campus (Friday, August 26 - Sunday, August 28) Friday: 10am - 7pm Saturday: 1pm - 7pm Sunday: 1pm - 7pm Central Campus (Friday, August 26 - Sunday, August 28) Friday: 8:30am - 5pm Saturday: Noon - 4pm Sunday: Noon - 4pm

Check-in Locations: Craven Quad - Craven F Commons Edens Quad - Edens 3A Main Lobby Kilgo Quad - Kilgo O Commons Crowell/Wannamaker Quad - Crowell G 101 Commons Keohane Quad - Keohane 4A 2nd Floor Commons Few Quad - Few FF Commons Central Campus - Central Campus Office, 217 Anderson St.

If You Can’t Arrive By August 28... Students arriving after opening week should check in at their respective Campus office. All Campus Offices are open from 8:30am - 5pm, Monday - Friday. Residence hall staff members will not provide access to residents who have not checked in, nor will access be provided to third parties. Please contact your RLHS Campus Office if you have questions. West: 101 R Craven-D, 919-684-5486, East: Brown-Union Arcade, 919-684-5320, Central: 217 Anderson, 919-684-5813,

We look forward to seeing you on campus. In the meantime, enjoy the rest of your summer! Residence Life and Housing Services Housing Accommodations 919-684-4304

First Year Students First Year students will be allotted a specific time to move-in on August 23, 2011, based on their East Campus Residence Hall Assignment. Morning Move-in (8:30-10am) Aycock, Bell Tower, Brown, GilbertAddoms, Giles, Pegram Mid-Morning Move-in (10:30am-12pm) Blackwell, Southgate

Afternoon Move-in (12-2pm) Alspaugh, Bassett, Epworth, Jarvis, Randolph, Wilson House

Please check our website after July 22 for your move-in information: Visit here for specific information about the orientation schedule:

A-14 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011



President Brodhead visits Duke sites across the globe by Lauren Carroll THE CHRONICLE


>200 countries

with ongoing Duke-related activities

>300 total

Duke international partnerships

48 percent

of Duke undergraduates who study abroad—the highest rate of any top-10 research university

>25 total

Duke-administered study abroad programs, with many more that are Duke-approved

92 students

Traveled to Italy last year, making it the most popular study-abroad location


President Richard Brodhead left Durham June 24 to embark on a three-week international tour of Duke’s satellite locations on three continents. His trip will take him to London, China, Singapore, Tanzania and Uganda, where he will attend alumni events, speak to current students and meet with academic partners. Brodhead noted that this visit will emphasize Duke’s global interconnectedness. “I think there’s a way in which my travel helps to underline many of the faces of our international presence,” Brodhead said, calling the trip an “absolute immersion in Duke.” Brodhead will advance the University’s priorities through reaching out to alumni and friends of Duke, visiting academic outposts and fundraising, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, who is accompanying Brodhead in London, China and Singapore. Brodhead will meet with a number of potential donors, one of whom is expected to make a major contribution to Duke Kunshan University, Schoenfeld said. Details about that donation, including its

Duke Med sparking change in East Africa

size, are not ready to be released, he added. He noted, however, that Brodhead will spend more time solidifying relationships than collecting money. “It’s not like a celebrity auction—you don’t come back with checks,” Schoenfeld said. “But certainly a part of a trip like this is going to be developing new relationships with people who might be interested in supporting Duke.” Schoenfeld noted that he expects international donations, which currently represent only a small part of Duke’s annual fundraising, to increase following this trip. In China, Brodhead is expected to finalize research collaborations with Fudan University and Wuhan University. The Duke Global Health Institute will enter into partnerships with the two universities, said DGHI Director Dr. Michael Merson, who now also serves as interim vice president and vice provost for global strategy and programs. Greg Jones, who previously held that position, stepped down for health reasons in June. Merson will accompany Brodhead in China, Singapore and Africa.

by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE


In sixth year, Duke-NUS sees first graduating class by Michael Shammas THE CHRONICLE

The Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School will soon bid farewell to its inaugural class, marking a major step in the school’s six-year history. The graduating class includes 24 medical students who will receive joint medical degrees from Duke and NUS in a ceremony July 4. The class was also honored in a special celebration and hooding ceremony May 28, which acknowledged the students’ completion of their studies.

FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-15

Duke-NUS administrators said this inaugural graduation will solidify the school’s important role—and accomplishments—in medical training. “Because of the close collaboration between NUS and Duke, the school has been able to develop a ground-breaking program in graduate medical education very quickly,” wrote NUS President Tan Chorh Chaun in an email June 22. “In six short years, Duke-NUS has built a strong international reputation, attracting very high quality SEE NUS ON PAGE A-26

Five neurosurgeons for 30 million people. This statistic prompted Dr. Michael Haglund, a Duke neurosurgeon, to travel to Uganda in 2006 to gain a better understanding of the country’s medical conditions. Haglund then started the Duke Global Health Placement of Life-changing Usable Surplus with the help of Dr. Victor Dzau, chancellor for health affairs and president and CEO of the Duke University Health System, and Dr. Michael Merson, director of the Duke Global Health Institute and interim vice president and vice provost for global strategy and programs. Instead of selling the University’s surplus medical equipment, GH PLUS allows Haglund to bring the equipment to Uganda, as well as disadvantaged areas in China, India and other parts of East Africa. “The conditions were just really, really terrible,” Haglund said, referencing his 2006 trip. “I consider the surgeons at the national hospital to be heroes to work through those conditions.” Haglund noted the poor conditions in Mulago Hospital in Kampala, including the lack of monitoring equipment for measuring oxygen in blood and only 1,500 beds with one ventilator. He added that surgeons did not use medical drills, but instead employed a method similar to the way American doctors cut through skulls in the 1930s. “[Dzau and Merson] really jumped on board and turned me loose,” Haglund said. “Dzau didn’t have to make all the surplus equipment available. But he did, and it’s working.” The difference between other equipment-sending initiatives and GH PLUS is that the latter is comprehensive, as it emphasizes teaching foreign doctors how

to use and fix the equipment, said Jane Pleasants, assistant vice president for procurement and supply chain management for DUHS. For the past three years, all of the equipment donated by Duke has remained functional, she added, noting that donated equipment typically sits in foreign hospitals unused or broken down. A ‘ripple effect’ In his first University-sponsored trip to Uganda in 2007, Haglund brought a team of 33 people and $1.3 million worth of equipment. Haglund said the trip— which included shipping the nine tons of equipment by air for $70,000—was partially funded from seed money provided by DUHS and DGHI. He noted that he also raises money from corporate sponsors and Duke’s surgery and neurosurgery departments to fund his trips. “At the time, all the doctors could do was put a piece of gauze on a patient’s brain, hoping it would stop bleeding,” Haglund said. “Our team brought the hospital to the 2000s.” Haglund began a top-down approach with his training at Mulago Hospital in Kampala. He trained surgeons in neurosurgery, with the thought that if surgeons could perform complex procedures, they could also perform basic ones. He added that he wanted to devise a sustainable way to train surgeons to work in Uganda. “My initial idea was the problem that if you bring a Ugandan over to Duke to train them, they will just stay,” Haglund said. “The least desirable place in the U.S. was better than the most desirable in Uganda.” Haglund and his team began a residency program in the Ugandan hospital SEE AFRICA ON PAGE A-25



A-16 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Accept the Challenge! Become an America Reads Tutor The America Reads Challenge asks college students to join a national effort to ensure that children can read well and independently by the end of the third grade. Duke America Reads, a volunteer and work-study program, joins this effort by placing tutors in public schools to improve the reading skills of Durham’s youngest children.

Two ways to make a difference: Volunteer Tutors • Serve as a reading tutor at least one semester for two hours each week. • Attend training sessions led by reading specialists. • Tutor at Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership schools. • Apply to the Duke Community Service Center by September 14. Federal Work-Study Tutors • Serve as a reading tutor two semesters for up to six hours each week. • Attend training sessions led by reading specialists. • Receive $13.25 per hour if you’re an undergraduate or $16.25 per hour if you’re a graduate or professional student. • Tutor at Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership schools. • Apply to the Duke Community Service Center by September 14. For more information and an application, contact the Duke Community Service Center at 684-4377 or

WHY ACCEPT THE AMERICA READS CHALLENGE? • Nationally, 40% of fourth graders cannot read as well as they should. • Students who cannot read independently by the fourth grade are less likely to complete high school. • Studies find that sustained, individualized attention and tutoring can raise reading levels. • Share the joy of reading. • Make a difference in a child’s life. • Be a role model. • Support local schools. • It’s fun!

CONVENIENCE STARTS WITH US! For one-stop shopping, visit the East Campus Store. Located below the Marketplace in the

East Campus Union Building, the East Campus Store is conveniently located right where you go to eat and pick up your mail. We carry the things you need for day-to-day living. Don’t forget to browse through our DevilWear Shop which provides you with a large selection of top quality Duke™ clothing. GROCERIES







Lower Level, East Union Building, East Campus Phone: 919-684-3473 0RQGD\7KXUVGD\DPSP‡)ULGD\DPSP Saturday & Sunday: 12noon - 8pm Department of Duke University StoresŽ


KATSOULEAS from page A-5 by and tell me how things are going at school and share with me and questions or issues they might have. TC: So what do you do in your Twinnie’s office hours, and why did you decide to have them? TK: The way I decided was by accident. It was in my first two weeks here—I went over to the coffee house, I picked up a coffee and I sat down to check an email because of the Wi-Fi, and once I sat down people saw me and said, “Ah that’s the new dean,â€? and they all just started coming around to say hello and talking to me about various things going on, and I thought, “Gee, this is so great. Nobody sees me in my office— why don’t I just do this regularly?â€?‌. It’s a great way for me to find out what’s going on at the school and make sure everybody has the chance to have access to me that wants it‌. We talk about a new chair hire or a new educational program, [for example] some new entrepreneurship offerings that we’re offering to Ph.D.

FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-17

students—that’s been something that’s stimulated a lot of discussion, and faculty will drop in and talk to me about that. It’s all over the map. Sometimes a student stops in for career advice, advice on which major to take or something like that. TC: Why are there only four engineering majors, and are there plans for expansion? TK: A school the size of Pratt has to choose where to focus its resources, and our choice is to be excellent in what we offer as opposed to try to be a cafeteria that offers bland everything. That’s a strategic decision on Pratt’s part, but that said we are adding another major, which is the energy engineering major, which will be the first new major in Pratt in 40 years. The last new major we had was biomedical engineering, and it became the first accredited [undergraduate] biomedical engineering degree in the country. That’s the kind of thing we want to do—we want to be first in. I’d much rather be the first to offer a broad energy engineering degree than to add another department and be the last one to have that other department in an older field.

TC: What activities would you suggest the incoming Pratt freshmen to try outside of the classroom? TK: That’s part of the strength and signature of the Pratt degree is the broad extracurricular experiences our students get. Students should try to plan an international experience at some point in their four years here, and then I definitely recommend that they pursue either an internship opportunity‌or a research experience, which you can pursue either individually, with a faculty member or through the Pratt Fellows. Those are some of the great ones, but we have so many great programs—Engineers Without Borders, Engineering World Health, student teams like the Concrete Canoe, the Formula SAE Car or the robotics team. Whatever sounds most appealing to you, go for it. TC: What advice would you give to the Class of 2015 engineers? TK: Come in with an open mind, and be prepared to not only be shaped by your experience in Pratt but [also] shape the school and leave it changed and imprinted with your personality.

VICE CHAIRS from page A-3 maintaining our global commitments. The way the Board has handled the development of Duke Kunshan University is indicative of the group’s effectiveness, he said. “I’ve been very impressed as to how the various committees have delved into China,� he said. “I don’t think it could have been done any better.... The next couple of years are critical.� Bovender added that he believes that the members of the Board are among the most high-quality people he has worked with throughout his career. “The leadership here at Duke is as fine or better than anything I’ve seen in my professional career,� Bovender said. “It’s probably the most comprehensive leadership in the country.� Rubenstein is the co-founder and managing director of The Carlyle Group, one of the world’s largest private equity firms. He has been a member of the Board since 2003, serving on the institutional advancement committee and the Trustee-faculty committee on honorary degrees, as well as the business and finance and academic affairs committees. Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for government relations and public affairs, said Rubenstein has been a very active Trustee and leader at Duke. “I think it’s fair to say that he’s one of the most successful business leaders of his generation,� Schoenfeld said. “His expertise not just in business but in leadership and, especially, global activity has been a very important resource to this University.� Rubenstein said the combined business experience of Board of Trustees Chair Richard Wagoner, former president and CEO of General Motors Corp. and Trinity ’75, Bovender and himself, as well as his public service and philanthropic background, will help the three lead the Board. “Rick [Wagoner] will set the tone and be a leader,� Rubenstein said. Rubenstein also said the Board will be most focused on moving forward into the 21st century by doing everything it can to be competitive with other universities—he highlighted the University’s increasingly large percentage of international students as well as its campus in Singapore and future campus in Kunshan as evidence of Duke’s track to becoming a global leader. “Duke competes for students from the United States and from overseas,� Rubenstein said. “We’ll have to provide an international dimension as well as a domestic dimension [for the University].� He added that the Board will work on a future capital campaign for the University. The Board will also devise improvements for Central Campus, the athletic complexes and financial aid availability, as well as the West Union renovations. Rubenstein also serves on the board of trustees at Johns Hopkins University and the University of Chicago, among others. “I’m on a number of boards [of trustees or directors]... 20 to 30 boards,� Rubenstein said. “But I haven’t been on any board that is more collegial and cohesive and more focused than Duke’s Board.� Wagoner, who was elected chair at the Board meeting in May, previously served as the sole vice chair. Because Rubenstein and Bovender will take on the position together, the specific responsibilities of the vice chairs have yet to be solidified, Bovender said. He noted, however, that the main charge will be to assist the chair as well as the other Trustees.

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A-18 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011

TRIP from page A-14 “These agreements are important because they lead to education and engagement opportunities for Duke students and for faculty to undertake research that could not have happened in Durham alone,” Merson said. After visiting universities and attending alumni events in China, Brodhead will travel to Singapore to speak to the first graduating class of Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, a partnership that was finalized soon after Brodhead became president in 2004. The success of Duke-NUS is an example of a thriving university partnership, Brodhead said. The president will also speak to prospective students at the Raffles Institution, a high school in Singapore. Despite


its distance from Durham, Raffles students submit the third highest number of Duke applications of any high school worldwide, Schoenfeld said. Brodhead said he is also excited to visit current students, particularly undergraduates participating in DukeEngage in Tanzania. Merson noted that Brodhead is the first Duke president to take an official visit to Africa. He said the global health programs in Uganda and Tanzania are the best places to see Duke’s core values of “interdisciplinarity, internationalization and knowledge and service to society”—and this trip is a great opportunity for the president to see the results of successful global projects. “One cannot underestimate the value of meeting our partners on their own turf, and deepening the friendship, respect and understanding of one another,” Merson said.

Like what you see? Don’t like what you see? The Chronicle is always looking for new reporters, photographers, graphic designers, online associates, sports writers and more. No prior experience is necessary. Visit our on-campus office in 301 Flowers this Fall, or e-mail or to get involved.


President Brodhead meets with officials from the city of Kunshan, China, a stop on his three week global tour

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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-19

CONSTRUCTION from page A-4 Pearce said. “The fact that these medical buildings have gone forward and are in construction... [means] that it’s affected that part of Duke less.” Brown said the health system lowered its budget for construction projects by $50 million but not just because of the recession. “Because of the financial crisis around the country, we’ve actually been able to build these buildings cheaper than previously anticipated because the economy obviously slowed down,” Brown said. “Healthcare construction [costs] before the recession [were] escalating double dig-

its every year—it was just skyrocketing.” After these construction projects are completed, DUHS is also considering building additional research space and improving the eye center and the Duke children’s hospital Dzau said, though he noted that those plans are still in the very early stages. “Duke Medicine continues to perform really well and is not as much affected by the recession,” Dzau said. “Our performance is strong, and also we have planned this out very carefully, so it is not as subjective to the changes in economic climate....We’re confident we can meet these goals and all the [current] projects will be done in the next three years.”


Despite a lower overall budget for construction, the health system has been able to continue projects.

Department of Cultural Anthropology Fall 2011

Space is still available in the following courses. 20S.01

Childhood and Everyday Life




Course Number 2835

This course explores controversial topics such as education, child labor, consumerism, militarism, new media, and adoption. Examine how questions of race, ethnicity, class, and gender affect both the daily lives of children and symbolic constructions of childhood.


Media, Film and Facebook




Course Number 2837

This course investigates the function of visual technologies in shaping anthropology and altering how cultures see themselves and the world.


Music as Mirror, Mediator and Prophet




Course Number 2885

Investigate the ways in which music serves as a mirror, a mediator and a prophet in societies undergoing political and social transitions. This course explores how history is reflected, the present is expressed and the future is envisioned through music.


Culture, Science, Technology




Course Number 2886

Examine the intersection of culture, society, science and technology. This course is designed to challenge assumptions concerning the insulated, value-free nature of scientific practice from the cultural and social world in which it operates.


Anthropology of Law




Course Number 2772

This course will look at a wide range of topics relating to law and culture, both in the US and internationally.


Culture & Politics in Contemporary Europe




Course Number 2775

Critically examine current scholarship on the anthropology of Europe and social and political theories on the perplexities of identities, citizenship, nationalism and national identity formation.



Van Vliet



Course Number 1763

This course will focus on the concept of difference in different moments and contexts in the formation of the field of Women’s students and the field with which it has engaged, including literature, anthropology, postcolonial students, science, and legal studies.


Being/Becoming American




Course Number 1763

Being/Becoming American asks what it means to be American and how ideas of Americanness are expressed and contested in our daily lives, on campus, at home, at work, while traveling and on television. You will conduct your own local mini-research project exploring such issues as race, class and/or gender and sexuality within Duke and/or Durham communities.

180S.10 Lombard

Anthropology of War and Peace MW 8:30-9:45 Course Number 8495

This course will investigate how conflict, war and peace have historically been understood in a variety of societies. In addition, it will probe the social experience of war in several contemporary cases, such as Iraq, We st Africa, and Bosnia.


Millennial Capitalism




Course Number 2839

Critical examination of the problematic of capital from the late nineteenth century until the present moment. Primary focus on anthropological frameworks and related disciplinary approaches to the multiple cultural productions and lived experiences under divergent forms of capitalism in the new millennium.

STEINBACHER from page A-7 KS: Does the Chamber collaborate with other community organizations? CS: Yes, we collaborate with regional partners on economic development and other chambers of commerce in the region. In Durham, we collaborate with city and county officials and the Center for Entrepreneurial Development. We work with whatever organization we need to ensure the success of our programs. KS: Has the economic downturn affected the Chamber or forced it to redirect its efforts? CS: Like every organization, the Chamber looked to see if we are being as efficient as possible in our product and delivery modes. We reached out to our member-businesses to do the same. KS: In what ways does the Chamber lobby the state government to support pro-business policies? CS: We have a full-time director of public policy and staff who work on [the Chamber’s] behalf. The Chamber could be seen as playing a role of advocacy. Many of our members rely on the Chamber to work with local government for a variety of purposes, such as licensing or creating funding for community transit. KS: Does the Chamber work with Duke or any other local universities and educational institutions? CS: Every minute of every day. We are actively engaged with Duke. The chairman of the board for next year is a Duke employee. The Chamber also [hosted] an event with North Carolina Central University on June 21. Duke and NCCU are huge assets to our community and making sure they continue to grow is a big part of what the Chamber of Commerce does.

Bored? Visit www. chronicleblogs. com for our news, sports, editorial and recess blogs.

A-20 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


summersessionreview While students are away from Duke for the summer, some might imagine a peaceful campus—practically empty and silent except for cicadas buzzing in the trees. Anyone who has stuck around during these summer months will confirm that Duke is anything but quiet. The Chronicle has selected several highlights from Duke and Durham during the past few weeks—excluding the sounds of swarming summer campers and Main Quad landscaping, of course. University repurchases $500M recession debt In early May, the University repurchased all of the $500 million of debt it issued during the financial crisis, a tangible display of Duke’s increased confidence in its finances. The move demonstrates that liquidity, or the ability to turn investments into cash quickly, is no longer as pressing a concern for Duke as it was at the height of

the economic downturn in 2008. The University issued bonds in Jan. 2009 to ensure that it would not have to sell damaged, hard-to-move assets to cover its operating expenses like the payroll, said Executive Vice President Tallman Trask. The University used $90 million of the funds raised from issuing the bonds to cover its operating expenses for the first quarter of 2010, Trask said. Typically, Duke uses a payout from its endowment to cover part of those expenses, but the economic climate made it difficult to sell investments to raise the money at that time. “This had served its purpose—I was no longer worried about the liquidity issue,” Trask said. “I’m confident now that if we had to go to the market now to get money, we could do that.” Tapson named in Senate report, University investigates


New fund to funnel athletics revenue to Duke Librar-

Adjacent to The University Store in the Bryan Center, The Lobby Shop lies in the heart of West Campus. Postage Stamps Produce Canned Goods Bakery Goods Soft Drinks Crackers Bottled Water Energy Drinks

Duke medical researcher Dr. Victor Tapson became the focus of a U.S. Senate Finance Committee report issued May 25, which is now under investigation by the University. Tapson, a thrombosis expert and faculty member in the Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine division of Duke Medicine, was named in the committee report as receiving $260,604 for consultant services from the drug company Sanofi-Aventis. Tapson recommended that the Federal Drug Administration delay approval of the generic version of Sanofi’s fast-acting blood thinner Lovenox. The report suggests that Tapson did not specify the nature of his financial connection to the drug company to the FDA at the time of his recommendation. “An investigation of the... report related to Dr. Tapson has been initiated by the Duke University School of Medicine Conflict of Interest committee,” wrote Dr. Ross McKinney, committee chair and director of the Trent Center for Bioethics, in a statement to The Chronicle May 25. Tapson, however, refuted many of the report’s claims, though he stands by his opinion that the FDA should have considered further clinical data before making its decision. “During that visit... I disclosed my relationship with Sanofi and indicated that I had done research funded by them, served on international steering committees for clinical trials funded by Sanofi and that I had received consulting fees and honoraria from Sanofi,” Tapson said, adding that his visit to the FDA was neither prompted nor funded by Sanofi. ies

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STORE HOURS: Monday - Friday: 8:30am - Midnight • Saturday: 9am - Midnight Sunday: 12noon - Midnight

TO INQUIRE ABOUT STUDENT EMPLOYMENT contact Dan Fitzgerald at 919.684.2179. Upper Level, Bryan Center, West Campus • Phone: 684-2179 Department of Duke University Stores®

Blue Devil fans will support more than just the athletes starting this Fall. When Deborah Jakubs, University librarian and vice provost for library affairs, sat down next to Vice President and Director of Athletics Kevin White at a dean’s meeting in February, she suggested the idea of a partnership between athletics and the libraries. Less than a month after their initial exchange, athletic officials called Jakubs and proposed creating a fund for Duke University Libraries based on proceeds from ticket sales. According to a Duke news release May 11, Duke Athletics will donate $1 to the libraries from every regular season home ticket sold, establishing the Duke Athletics Library Fund this Fall. Non-students are currently charged admission for eight Blue Devil sports—baseball, men’s basketball, women’s basketball, football, men’s lacrosse, women’s lacrosse, men’s soccer and women’s soccer. Each ticket stub will now indicate that $1 has been added to the ticket price and will be invested in the fund. Proceeds from the 2011-2012 football season will not be included because sales began in January. Duke Athletics had been interested for some time in investing in one of the University’s academic departments, White added. “The library is the heart and soul of any university,” White said. “Athletics simply decided that all fans... should invest in truly our greatest asset.” A presidential visit President Barack Obama visited Durham June 13 to meet with the Jobs and Competitiveness Council and to deliver remarks on the issues of job creation and economic sustainability at Cree, Inc., a leading manufacturer of energy efficient LED lighting technology. His visit precedes the Democratic National Convention to be held in Charlotte in September 2012, and addressed the need for growth in the American economy—an issue that will likely be prominent in the 2012 presidential election. “We put [the council] together many months ago— not in response to one jobs report, but because we understood even though the economy was growing, it wasn’t growing as fast as we want, and it wasn’t producing as many jobs as we want,” Obama said in his speech. “I told them I wanted to hear every smart, forward-thinking idea that they have to quicken the pace of job growth and make sure our economy and our workers can adapt to changing times.” The Jobs and Competitiveness Council was commissioned by the White House in January to advise the president on strategies to boost the economy, the domestic job market and industry competitiveness. The council— led by Jeffrey Immelt, Chairman and CEO of General Electric—is a nonpartisan body focusing on growth and innovation, drawing from the expertise of 26 members from various economic sectors.



FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-21

When You Buy Used Books FALL 2011 ORIENTATION SCHEDULE Monday, August 22 Tuesday, August 23 Wednesday, August 24 Thursday, August 25 Friday, August 26 Saturday, August 27 Sunday, August 28 Monday, August 29

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A-22 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011







Child and Family Policy DUKE UNIVERSITY

Children in Contemporary Society Certificate Program

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The Children in Contemporary Society (CCS) certificate offers a pathway for undergraduate students to pursue their interests in child and family issues through interdisciplinary coursework. Students enrolled in the certificate program have the opportunity to work one-on-one with a Duke faculty member as they develop their research skills and learn to use research to inform policy and practice. To earn the certificate, students complete two core CCS courses, a research methods course, an independent study or honors thesis, and two electives from departments and programs such as psychology and neuroscience, public policy, sociology, economics, and education. To learn more, please see the website ( php) or contact Barbara Pollock ( or 613-9266).

CCS 150.01/ PubPol 124.01 Clara Muschkin TuTh 10:05-11:20 am

PubPol 234S.01/ CCS 270S.01/ Soc 234S.01 Jenni Owen TuTh 11:40am-12:55pm

Fall 2011 Core Course Children in Contemporary Society Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course provides an overview of issues facing today’s youth. One of the course objectives is to gain understanding of issues of childhood adversity—including poverty, abuse and violence, delinquency, and health inequities—and some of the public policies that address these issues. Students have the opportunity to participate in an optional Research Service Learning project. Cornerstone course required for the CCS certificate. Fall 2011 Elective Course Making Social Policy This course exposes students to the policymaking process. Students will learn about the value of research in informing policy and constraints within which policymaking occurs. Service Learning course.

Fall 2011 First-Year Seminar and Elective Course Youth, Crime, and Public Policy Students will learn about juvenile crime, the criminal justice system, how public policy is made, what different types of research tell us about juvenile crime, and the role of research in the policymaking process. Open to first-year students only.

CCS 49S.01 Joel Rosch MW 4:25-5:40 pm


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-23

Traversing Durham


A photo essay by Jon Bedell and Ted Knudsen. 1. Local vendors feature their products at the American Dance Festival block party May 22. 2. The Duke Farmers’ Market sells fresh fruits, vegetables, flowers and baked goods every Friday from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. 3. Students take a break while participating in Duke University’s Talent Identification Program, which identifies and nurtures gifted children. 4. The Al Buehler Cross CountryTrail,which spans nearly three miles,attracts walkers, runners and bikers year-round. 5. Situated off 9th Street, Cosmic Cantina is a student favorite. 6. Locopops boasts the best frozen treats on campus. 7. Brightleaf Square features many shops and restaurants.

Space Still Available in these Fall 2011 Courses!



All courses are open to freshman as well as upperclassmen.


TuTh 10:05AM - 11:20AM


Benjamin Gordon


TuTh 10:05AM - 11:20AM


Benjamin Gordon


MW 10:05AM - 11:20AM


Carol Meyers


TuTh 2:50PM - 4:05PM


Shalom Goldman


MW 2:50PM - 4:05PM


Melvin Peters


TuTh 2:50PM - 4:05PM


Mohsen Kadivar Social Sciences 109


Th 2:50PM - 4:05PM

Gray 220

Gray 220

Gray 228

Gray 230B

Gray 220

Ethical Issues/Early Christianity Elizabeth Clark RELIGION 185S-01

Gray 228

MW 1:15PM - 2:30PM


Gray 319


WF 2:50PM - 4:05PM


Mary Lohr


WF 1:15PM - 2:30PM


Adam Hollowell Social Sciences 107


WF 2:50PM - 4:05PM


Katharine Dubois


W 1:15PM - 4:00PM


Shalom Goldman


Tu 2:50PM - 5:20PM


Ebrahim Moosa


Th 2:50PM - 5:20PM


Hwansoo Kim

Social Sciences 107


Gray 230B

Gray 220

Gray 220B

A-24 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011

KUNSHAN from page A-1 member of the DKU EMBA planning committee. Fuqua faculty members are expected to vote on a MMS academic plan in the Fall. This academic plan will detail courses, faculty and structure of the program. The Fuqua faculty was supposed to vote on the MMS plan June 20, but this was postponed due to remaining questions and dissent among faculty, Song said. A Chinese partner Although DKU will primarily offer business degrees such as the MMS and EMBA, other schools within Duke also hope to expand into China. As a condition for building a campus in China, Duke was required to have a Chinese university co-sign its proposal. The University ultimately chose a â&#x20AC;&#x153;silent partner,â&#x20AC;? Wuhan University, which would act as a legal partner with limited involvement in academic planning at DKU. Wuhan, however, does have interests which align with other areas of Duke, particularly the Duke Global Health Institute. The DGHI and Wuhan will soon move forward with an academic partnership, said DGHI Director Dr. Michael Merson, who also serves as the interim vice president and vice provost for the office of global strategy and programs. Merson replaced Greg Jones who stepped down from the position in June due to health reasons. In China this month, President Richard Brodhead will sign an agreement between the Wuhan School of Public Health, the DGHI and the Duke School of Nursing. The partnership will allow for potential global health research collaborations and student exchanges between


the schools, Merson said. This also marks the first time Brodhead will meet with current Wuhan President Li Xiaohong. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve had conversations at many levels, but this is my first visit personally to Wuhan,â&#x20AC;? Brodhead said, adding that he is looking forward to evaluating the distinguished university on the ground. Wuhan, however, was not Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s first choice for a Chinese partner. In a November 2009 presentation to the Academic Council, administrators announced that Shanghai Jiao Tong University would act as DKUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legal and academic partner. That relationship fell through the following summer, however, after Shanghai Jiao Tong pulled out of the agreement, administrators said. Brodhead announced in February that Wuhan would take over as DKUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s legal partner, though it would have fewer academic and administrative responsibilities than SJTU had under their original agreement. Wuhan is not ranked on U.S. News and World Reportâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s top 400 world universities, though the list does include SJTU and seven other Chinese universities. A financial risk The cost of the DKU campus has also raised concerns as the University rebounds from the financial crisis, which caused the University to cut spending significantly during the past three years. The city of Kunshan is fronting a majority of the costs for the campusâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; construction, which would total about $260 million if it were to be built in Durham. Greg Jones, former vice president and vice provost of global strategy and programs, told the Academic Council last September that Phase One of DKU would cost Duke $11 million.

In March, however, Brodhead announced to the council that it will actually cost Duke about $37 million in operating costs over the first six years, with $10 million to come from outside donations and the rest to be funded by Duke funding sources. Kunshan will subsidize the operating costs by contributing $33.5 million. Executive Vice President Tallman Trask told The Chronicle in March that operating costs for the campus could not be finalized until administrators can confirm student enrollment numbers and tuition price. He added that neither of those figures will be solidified until the DKU proposal is approved by the Chinese MOE. According to a consultant report prepared for the University in December, Chinese students are likely only willing to pay a discounted tuition to attend DKU. Provost Peter Lange, also a member of the DKU board, said administrators anticipate that DKUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expected tuition rate will be well received by the Chinese. Song said one of the challenges the Fuqua degree development committees are facing is how to develop academic programs that will be sure to create revenue and offset DKUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s costs. Paul Zipkin, R. J. Reynolds professor in business administration at Fuqua, said this issue of financial risk is the predominant concern among Fuqua faculty, another contributing factor in the delay of the vote to approve DKUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s academic programs. He said the University should expect to lose money initially with the confidence that DKU will be a profitable long-term investment, though added that this expectation is influenced by the fact that people cannot remember a time before the financial crisis. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When you make big decisions, you should be thinking about the longer

term,â&#x20AC;? Zipkin said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;And if we do not have the financial resources to weather a period of losses, we have no business doing it.â&#x20AC;? The consultant report also found that Chinese students are concerned that DKU would not offer programs of the same quality as those of Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s domestic campus. Song noted that Chinese students might better understand the value of a DKU education once Fuqua begins to market its programs, which will also begin after the proposal is approved. Merson added that Brodheadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s July trip to the region could raise awareness about the DKU venture among Chinese students and businesses. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The presidentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s trip will highlight Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s status as a committed partner in higher education and research and will boost Dukeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s brand in China,â&#x20AC;? Merson said. An educational bubble Duke, however, is not the only university hoping to enter the relatively untapped Chinese educational market and further themselves in the development of higher education. Several American universities are building a presence within Chinese universitiesâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;unlike Duke, which is establishing an independent campus. For example, Stanford University announced in March that it is establishing the Stanford Center at Peking University in Beijing. New York University, like Duke, announced in March that it is opening an independent Shanghai campus with East China Normal University as its legal partner. A March 27 NYU press release called NYU Shanghai â&#x20AC;&#x153;the first American university with independent legal status approved by the Ministry of Education,â&#x20AC;? a title that many expected would be given to DKU. â&#x20AC;&#x153;[NYU and its partners] both believe in

Make a Difference in the World of Health Disparities The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) works to reduce health disparities in our local community and worldwide. Recognizing that many global health problems stem from economic, social, environmental, political and health care inequalities, DGHI brings together interdisciplinary teams to solve complex health problems

VISIT for information about opportunities and events.

SUBSCRIBE to DGHIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s weekly e-newsletter:

LEARN about global health in the Global Health Certificate Program. For complete course listing, go to

JOIN a student group. Duke hosts a variety of student groups dedicated to various aspects of global health

Still time to register for the following Fall courses: Global Health and Human Rights (GLHLTH 180S/390S, CULANTH 180S, ICS 140S, PUBPOL 195S) with Jason Cross Global Health Policy (GLHLTH 222, PUBPOL 281) with Michael Miller Demographic Measures and Concepts (GLHLTH 250, PUBPOL 266S) with M. Giovanna Merli

FOLLOW US Twitter: DukeGHI Facebook: DukeGlobalHealth YouTube: DukeGlobalHealth

PARTICIPATE in career and professional development workshops.



being guided by nothing short of academic excellence,” NYU President John Sexton wrote in an email April 26. “We both believe this will be an enormously successful undertaking, and we both believe in the global network university idea and the advantages it will bring to students and faculty.” There are, however, several significant differences between DKU and NYU Shanghai. DKU will cater largely to graduate students, whereas NYU Shanghai will be an undergraduate school. Chinese nationals will also be the primary pool of students at DKU, but NYU Shanghai plans to enroll a balanced population of Chinese, American and international students. Brodhead said China is partnering with American universities because it wants to model its educational institutions after successful U.S. schools like Duke and Stanford. “Their deepest interest is in having Duke come demonstrate its education model—they want to understand how it works,” Brodhead said. “It’s a great kind of partnership where what someone else wants is to have you be good at who you are.” Although it might seem as if there is a bubble of American educational ventures in China, Michael Schoenfeld, vice president of public affairs and government relations, said there will always be a strong global need for quality higher education. He added that Chinese officials are particular about their partnerships—so, many prospective ventures might not succeed. “Realistically, China and other countries are very careful about what’s let in, and there is a lot of talk but not a lot of action,” Schoenfeld said. “You have to be deliberate, you have to be patient. That’s all to the good because it weeds out speculators and shadier characters.” Zipkin said the relationship between Duke and China will be a particularly viable one because DKU will offer specific business programs desired by Chinese students. “If [Duke] comes into China, you can offer [education] as a luxury good—if you don’t, other people will figure out a way to do it,” he said. “I think that’s really important for the future of Duke and the future of America because China is going to be important—I don’t think there are any doubts about that.... A prosperous, healthy China is much less dangerous to us.”

FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-25


Construction at Duke Kunshan University in China is on schedule, and the campus is projected to open in July 2012.

Think Outside the Bookbag. Duke’s service-learning courses integrate academic learning with meaningful experiences in the community.

AFRICA from page A-15 with the hopes of training enough Ugandans to have 14 neurosurgeons in the country by 2020, he said. “Ninety percent of Ugandans don’t have access to neurosurgeons,” Haglund said. “Most people have to drive 12 to 14 hours on terrible roads. We wanted to send two surgeons out every year, Noah’s ark-style.” Haglund then repeated the program in Uganda’s neighbor Rwanda, which began what he called a “ripple effect” at Duke. Although it is common for medical teams to visit East Africa, Duke’s effort to bring equipment as well as surgical teams is one of the only American universities to do so, Haglund said. Beyond the medical field Haglund’s work is one example of the many projects that DGHI and DUHS are involved with in East Africa. DGHI sponsors the Women’s Institute for Secondary Education and Research in Muhuru Bay, Kenya—a school run by Sherryl Broverman, associate professor of the practice in the biology department. DUHS and DGHI’s largest initiative is in Moshi, Tanzania, said Cynthia Binanay, program director of the Hubert-Yeargan Center for Global Health. Duke has partnered with Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre in Moshi for 20 years conducting clinical research, primarily on HIV, Binanay said. DUHS also works in Kenya and is potentially adding programs in Ghana and Rwanda. “[This work] is trying to fulfill Duke’s... mission of research, education and service in a variety of areas,” Binanay said. Merson wrote in an email that Duke’s involvement in Africa is not limited to the medical work and research that is done in East Africa. He listed DukeEngage programs in the region, the Duke Divinity School’s African Great Lake Initiative and the cultural anthropology department’s six-week study abroad program in Ghana and Togo. “Duke has [had] a long-term, multi-disciplinary presence in Africa for many years,” Merson said. DUHS will continue its work in Africa, which has been particularly impressive, Dzau wrote in an email. “I am very proud of the work that our physicians, nurses and students are doing in Africa,” Dzau said. “At Duke Medicine, our motto is ‘medicine that changes the world.’ Our people are doing just that.”

Fall 2011 Service-Learning Courses with seats still available: African & African-American Studies AAAS 123S: Civil/Human Rights Activism*

Environmental Sciences and Policy ENVIRON 177: Conservation of Mammals

Chemistry CHEM 109: Chemistry Outreach

Latino Studies in the Global South LSGS 106: Health, Culture, and the Latino Community

Computer Science COMPSCI 89S: Teaching with Robots* Cultural Anthropology CULANTH 161AS: Civil/Human Rights Activism* Dance DANCE 154S: Performance & Social Change * Documentary Studies DOCST 123S: Civil/Human Rights Activism* DOCST 193S: Documentary Engagement* Education EDUC 89S: Teaching with Robots* EDUC 100: Foundations of Education* EDUC 118: Educational Psychology* EDUC 163: Educational Leadership EDUC 170S: Economic Literacy* EDUC 170S: Critical Studies in Education*

Psychology Psychology 108A: Educational Psychology* Public Policy PUBPOL 168S: Documentary Engagement* Sociology SOCIOL 162: Adulthood & Aging* SOCIOL 164: Death & Dying Spanish SPANISH 106A: Health, Culture, and the Latino Community SPANISH 106ES: Latino/a Voices in Duke, Durham Theater Studies THEATRST 154S: Performance & Social Change * Writing WRITING 20.81, 82: Papers on Papers: Writing about Unauthorized Migration

*courses appropriate for first-year students

A-26 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011

WAGONER from page A-3 “He’s a good student of Duke, he has wonderful judgement, he is encouraging when he should be, he asks the right questions when he should,” Sheppard said. “And given his range of personal experience, he can give wisdom in a way that very few people can.” Sheppard added that a real benefit of Wagoner’s time on the Fuqua Board of Visitors—Wagoner joined the board in 1995 and serves on it currently—is that it has provided him a unique window into the University. He noted that Wagoner also co-taught a class on crisis management at Fuqua last Spring. Wagoner will succeed outgoing Chair and Democratic N.C. state Sen. Dan Blue, Law ’73. Blue served as chair since his election in May 2009 and said he believes “I think Rick will be a tremendous chair,” Blue said. “I think he has the req-

NUS from page A-15 students, faculty and researchers.” The graduates will begin their residencies later in July across areas including emergency medicine, internal medicine and pediatrics, among others. This training is part of a structured residency program created by SingHealth and the National Healthcare Group, Tan said. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education—the American body which accredits postM.D. medical training programs within the United States—closely supervised the residency program’s creation. Tan added that he believes partnerships like the one between Duke and NUS


uisite skills, ability and vision to do great things. I think he has skills and experience to do an exceptional job with the Duke Board and an exceptional job as chair.” Blue added that, as chair, it will be important for Wagoner to continue to focus particularly on the University’s international efforts, as Blue said globalization is one of the best ways for the University to further its mission. Wagoner added that the opportunity to work under Blue has prepared him well for the role of chair. “There’s nothing like having the opportunity to observe those that went before you in this position, who, when they had an opportunity, did just a terrific job for Duke,” Wagoner said. “Dan Blue and I served as vice chairs together with Bob [Steel, former Board chair and Trinity ’73], and then I was vice chair under Dan’s leadership, so I had a chance to work very closely with the last two chairs and President Richard Brodhead. That was excellent training to see up

close what things the chair needs to do to be as effective as possible.” Wagoner said he and the Board also hope to improve the connections between the Board and students and faculty. The Board has discussed having specific members lead meetings or discussions with student clubs or organizations that may align with the member’s experiences or interests. “One of the things we have discussed recently at the Board is a desire for more opportunities for Board members to interact with students,” he said. “[University Secretary] Richard Riddell has been working on some ways to accomplish this. I think there’s always an appetite to have more interaction, as it’s always energizing to have a chance to engage with and learn from members of the Duke community, whether a faculty member, students or administrator. Such interactions always leave us with a good and important reminder of the true mission of the University.”

Beginning today, Richard Wagoner will serve as chair of Duke’s Board of Trustees.

will become more common in the future as the world continues to globalize. “Today, medicine and higher education are increasingly globalized activities,” he said. “Strategic and mutually beneficial partnerships, such as this one... are pioneering innovations that leverage on this trend and provide our students and institutions with distinctive new value propositions in education and research. [Duke-NUS] is a new model of medical education, innovative research and institutional partnership.” The July graduation will be as equally important for the students as for the school, Duke-NUS Dean Dr. Ranga Krishnan said, adding that it is a milestone in Duke-NUS’ progress as a medical institution.

“The school has achieved all its goals many years ahead of schedule,” Krishnan wrote in an email June 20. “It has established a significant place in medical education, and the learning methods that have been developed have become a major part of [training].” Duke junior Ming Jiu Li, a Singapore native, said he agreed that Duke-NUS represents a new system of education—not only because of its unique fusion of two schools but also because of the new education model it is introducing to Singapore. “Medical education in Singapore used to follow the British system in which there is no pre-professional education and students enter medical school after their high school education,” he said. “Duke-NUS—I believe—is the first institution to break this

mold and provides Singapore with the benefits of the U.S. medical education through a graduate program that can attract individuals with diverse backgrounds.” The next phase of Duke-NUS’ curricular progress will increasingly integrate and expand academic and medical research, Krishnan said. Duke will also continue to have a significant role in planning and shaping the graduate medical school’s future, Tan added. “Duke is a truly wonderful partner,” he said. “We challenge each other intellectually so as to come up with fresh and exciting new approaches. Yet, we work in a collegial atmosphere marked by warmth and a collective aspiration for the future.”



FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | A-27


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A-28 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


DukeEngage Dublin

From the challenges facing governments in a global world to the decisions students confront everyday at Duke, the Ethics Certificate Program provides you with the skills and confidence you need to create and evaluate solutions to ethical dilemmas. Sign up for the Gateway Course (Ethics 100D) offered in the spring semester or contact Lou Brown at for more information.

In partnership with University College Dublin, a number of Irish NGOs, and DukeEngage, the Institute sends students to Dublin, Ireland, over the summer to help understand and tackle growing problems in the Irish refugee community. Students have a powerful civic engagement experience that enhances their cultural, political, and ethical understanding of globalization and migration. Learn more at

Team Kenan

ethics IN ACTION

Ethics Certificate Program

Team Kenan is an energetic group of students who work with staff at the Institute to design and implement student programming and engage the Duke community in thought and action. Team Kenan is more than a job—it’s the center of an intellectual movement on and beyond campus, promoting not only ethical thinking, but ethical living as well. Contact Christian Ferney at christian. for more information.

The Institute is an interdisciplinary “think and do” tank committed to understanding and addressing real-world ethical challenges facing individuals, organizations, and societies worldwide. We promote ethical reflection and engagement through our research, education, and practice in three core areas: Moral Education & Decision-Making, Organizational Ethics, and Civic & Global Ethics. 919-660-3033



The Chronicle

Friday, July 1, 2011 Section B

Admissions yield steady as application numbers skyrocket by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE

Duke’s admissions yield for the Class of 2015 has stayed fairly constant compared to earlier classes, which administrators consider a positive trend. The University, which experienced a record 29,526 applications for the Class of 2015, expects to welcome a class of more than 1,720 freshmen. Approximately 44.3 percent of the 3,739 high school seniors admitted for the class accepted a spot at Duke, a 2 percent increase from the Class of 2014. “We anticipated that it would be a little lower,” said Dean of Undergraduate Admissions Christoph Guttentag. “We try to get right on the money but we can never be entirely sure.” Guttentag said although the class size is currently at about 1,749, he expects the number to decrease to a number between 1,720 and 1,725 because of a phenomenon called summer melt. Typically during the summer, about 20 students decide not to attend the University because they defer enrollment for a year or two, enlist in the military or some other type of national service, decide to stay closer to home or enroll in a different university after getting admitted off of a waitlist. More high school seniors are also coming to Duke after being offered a spot on the waitlist. Guttentag said so far, 140 students of the 185 accepted from the waitlist—about 75 percent—will come to East Campus in the Fall. This number is up from the approximately 100 students

who came from the waitlist in the Class of 2014. Guttentag said the waitlist is a key part of Duke’s admissions strategy every year, noting that the University deliberately “under-admits” during the regular decision cycle. “It allows us to have a little more control over the nature of the class,” Guttentag said. “We admit students in late March and early April and make certain assumptions about how many students will enroll. Admitting from the waitlist allows us to shape the class more like we want to, like if there’s too few [admitted] from [the] Pratt [school of engineering during regular decision].” This year’s increase in waitlist yield is partially attributed to changes that allow high school seniors to notify Duke whether they are attending via the Internet instead of replying with a paper response card, Guttentag said, meaning that the admissions office could also end the year’s process a bit earlier since they did not have to wait for the mail. Duke has both attracted more applicants and accepted fewer of them over the past several years and yield has consistently crept upwards—a fact Guttentag said is a strong sign for the University. Last year’s yield was 42 percent, seemingly a small increase from the Class of 2013’s 41.5 percent until, Guttentag said, one considers that the Class of 2014 attracted 11.6 percent more applications than the previous SEE YIELD ON PAGE B-11 CHRONICLE GRAPHIC BY DENNIS OCHEI

Duke renovates steam plant Successful initiatives have to reduce carbon footprint Durham crime rates dropping


The $30 million West Campus steam plant renovation should reduce overall carbon output by 25 percent.

Duke Lemur Center opens a new garden, Page B-10

by Julia Ni

by Yeshwanth Kandimalla



Walking down Coal Pile Drive, students were once greeted by a heap of coal that rivaled the height of the nearby Bryan Research Center. Now, the scene is largely dominated by the hustle and bustle of construction: an assortment of loaders, excavators and other machinery looms over workers sporting hard hats and reflective safety vests. Yet, nothing— not even the busyness of construction— can mask the eminent personality missing from this dusty picture. The legendary coal pile has vanished. Having burned the last of its coal in April, the West Campus steam plant will now undergo a series of changes to increase its sustainability. The renovations— which began in May and are expected to

Bull City’s finest is working with other law enforcement groups and civilian crime prevention initiatives to make Durham a little news safer. During this past year, Durham Police Departanalysis ment recorded several positive trends in city crime. According to the 2010 DPD annual report, there was a 2 percent decrease in property crime last year as compared to 2009. There was, however, a 2 percent increase in violent crime from 2009. In a statement accompanying the report, DPD Chief Jose Lopez said the index crime rate, which aggregates data for property and violent crimes per 100,000 people had also dropped 31 percent from 2001 to 2010.



“I recognized that without alumni support, they cannot provide the same things to future students.” —City Council member Mike Woodard on donations. See story page B-3

Lt. Patrice Vickers, executive officer to the DPD police chief, added in an interview June 27 that last year’s slight increase in violent crime is not very significant, as the range of what is considered violent crime is anywhere from a minor aggravated assault to a robbery. Clearance rates—the ratios of cases solved to the number of crimes reported— for most crimes remained relatively constant between 2009 and 2010. The clearance rate for homicide cases increased from 47.6 percent to 72 percent, meaning more homicides are being solved. “We attribute much of this success to the hard work of our employees, economic development in the area and partnerships with the community and several city departments,” Lopez said. The Bull’s Eye Initiative, which began SEE CRIME ON PAGE B-15

Duke students sound off on the summer, Page B-11

B-2 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


worldandnation on the






â&#x20AC;&#x153;Charles, 47, died in a bus wreck on Interstate 40 in Raleigh. Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski called the death â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;a tragedy.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;To me, he was a fun-loving, good guy,â&#x20AC;&#x2122; Krzyzewski said. â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Just to hear or read the remarks of his teammates, his family at N.C. State, he seemed a very loved person, and it saddens me and our hearts go out to his family and the N.C. State family.â&#x20AC;&#x2122;â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x201D; From The Blue Zone


Optimists are nostalgic about the future. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Chicago Tribune



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US accuses Iran of assisting Afghan postpones action, Syria, imposes sanctions delays banking imperil aid


Protesters kick away tear gas canisters during rioting on the streets of central Athens Tuesday. Police forces fired the gas after Greek labor unions shut down government services prior to a vote by lawmakers on austerity measures. The Greek parliament voted Wednesday in favor of a strong austerity package that may have spared the nation from default.

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WASHINGTON, D.C. â&#x20AC;&#x201D; The Obama administration Wednesday accused Iran of assisting Syriaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s government in its brutal crackdown on demonstrators, listing names of Iranian security officials that the White House says helped train and arm Syrian police to attack peaceful protesters. Sanctions unveiled by the Treasury Department identified Iranâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s national police force and a pair of senior Iranian officials, one of whom allegedly traveled to Damascus in April to offer expertise on dealing with the countryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s protest movement, White House documents showed.

The Afghan government has failed to take sufficient action to confront the scandal at Kabul Bank, forcing an impasse that has put at risk millions of dollars in foreign aid, according to U.S. and other Western officials. Among the programs at risk is $70 million in funding from the International Monetary Fund that would include money to pay the Afghan governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s civil servants. The IMF has refused to approve that effort until Afghanistan addresses concerns about its financial system, most of them related to Kabul Bank, the private institution that nearly collapsed last year after revelations of massive insider lending.


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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-3

Duke Annual Fund projects record year by Lauren Carroll THE CHRONICLE

With high ambitions, Duke hopes to exceed its private donation goals as the 2010-2011 fiscal year comes to a close. As of June 25, the Duke Annual Fund had received more than $24.6 million in gifts toward its $27.8 million goal, William Conescu, executive director of alumni and development communications, wrote in an email June 27. If this goal is reached it will exceed last year’s record high of more than $26.5 million raised. It will also show almost 50 percent growth since fiscal year 2001-2002, a year that received donations totaling $18.5 million. The Annual Fund is one part of Duke’s total fundraising. Conescu noted that Duke tends to receive a particularly high volume of private donations as it approaches the end of the fiscal year June 30. “The final week of the year is among our busiest,” he said. “We’ll have a more comprehensive story to tell when we have final numbers.” Additionally, several large donations have been made to the University throughout the year such as $15 million toward expansion of the Duke School of Nursing, $20 million to biomedical engineering research and $80 million allocated for Baldwin Auditorium, Page Auditorium and West Union renovations. In fiscal year 2009-2010, Duke received a total of $345.5 million—an almost 15 percent increase from the 20082009 fiscal year, which brought in $301.6 million after dropping from $385.7 million in 2007-2008. This year’s total donations are not yet available for release. So far this year, over 100,000 indi-

viduals and private organizations have made financial commitments to Duke to contribute to almost every aspect of the University—ranging from financial aid and research funding to athletics and the Sarah P. Duke Gardens, Conescu said. Jennifer Cameron, director of alumni giving and associate director of the Annual Fund, said the Annual Fund’s success this year can be partially attributed to generous alumni giving. They have received alumni donations totaling upwards of $14.1 million—exceeding their goal of $12.3 million by $1.8 million, she wrote in an email June 26. More than 4,000 alumni have contributed through single-year and multi-year commitments to the Annual Fund in honor of their undergraduate reunions. She noted that she expects to receive more donations by the end of the fiscal year. “The reunion gift campaigns this year have been very successful, and donors still have until June 30 to make a gift,” Cameron said. Cameron also noted that the Class of 1981 made a record high class donation in honor of their 30th reunion—more than $4.5 million. Jim Schiff, Trinity ’81 and co-chair of the class’ 30th reunion, said good organization and the collective effort of a philanthropic class made the sizable donation possible. “As to why the Class of [19]81 [was able to collect so many donations], it’s tempting to say we’re better,” Schiff wrote in an email June 28. “The truth of it, though, is that we’re fortunate to have many generous classmates who have done well in the world and are eager to show their gratitude for the institution that launched them.”

Durham City Council member Mike Woodard, Trinity ’81, said his class has always given considerable gifts to the University, so the reunion was not necessarily the cause for such a large contribution to the Annual Fund. “Our class has always been fairly generous, so it certainly isn’t out of the norm that we led the effort,” Woodward said. “I mean, this wasn’t our 25th reunion.”

Woodard, who made a donation this year, added that he feels compelled to give back to Duke so that future students can have a quality Duke experience similar to his own. “Duke was a wonderful place for me, and it provided me a great education and social and extracurricular opportunities,” he said. “I recognized that without alumni support, they cannot provide the same things to future students.”

Tugging at heartstrings


More than 100 violinists performed at Page Auditorium in May for the Triangle Area Japan Relief Benefit Concert.

B-4 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


ith Gus Megaloudis Q&A with For the past two years, the Greek Devil has helped satiate the appetites of hungry Dukies year-round. Offering Greek-style food, the Devil has become a popular eating spot on campus with its own loyal regulars. The Chronicle’s Chinmayi Sharma recently spoke with co-owner Gus Megaloudis about the food cart’s history, growth and plans for the future. The Chronicle: How long has the Greek Devil been around? Gus Megaloudis: This is our third year coming up, it’s still a baby. TC: Why did you start it? GM: Well, frankly, the school needed good Greek food. Me and my partner George Bakatsias, we are Greek and this is our business. We own nine other restaurants. We have three in Durham, two in Greensboro, one in Wake Forest, two in Chapel Hill and one in Cary. Most of our restaurants aren’t Greek, but our nationality is Greek, and we like to cook Greek. It’s our heritage. It’s who we are. TC: When did you open your first restaurant? GM: It’s been about 20 years. The students go there often. It’s called Parizade. TC: How has the cart changed over the years? GM: We started out small, and we have built on it by catering towards what kids ask for. We started out with a very limited menu, and then we asked students what they wanted and tried to work with them as much as we can. We cook ourselves, so we were willing to try all sorts of new things to see if we can give them exactly

what they were looking for. TC: What are your favorite parts of the job? GM: Best part of the job is interacting with the kids and making friends. It’s a great place to work and a great atmosphere. I tell my wife I’m the happiest guy in the world. These are bright kids with futures, and they have smiles on their faces, so that makes me happy. TC: Is it a lucrative business? GM: I do it because it makes money (laughs)—we have to make money, but it is also something that is fun for me to do. I’m not there to make a killing. On the whole, I’m there because I like being there.

TC: Where do you spend most of your time? GM: I spend most of my time at the cart during the school year instead of all the other restaurants. Those are established business, so they don’t need me there. When classes are in session, I am there almost 14 hours, but it’s not that bad because I get a month off for Christmas, a week for Spring break and three months for summer. I’m off as much as the kids are. TC: What are your goals for the future/where do you want to take the Greek Devil? GM: Next year, we will be opening a fruit, nut and vegetable stand on campus with honey, nuts and fresh fruits and


Greek Devil co-owner Gus Megaloudis has operated his food cart on the Bryan Center plaza for the past two years. Megaloudis serves classic Greek dishes such as gyros and baklava.

vegetables from local farmers. So many kids were saying they couldn’t find good fruits and vegetables on campus, and so we came up with a plan to open up another cart. Dining services has been a great help. Our ultimate goal is to get inside the dining hall to cook Greek food right in front of the kids. Now we are cooking the food in our restaurants, packing and shipping it over. We want to have our cooks come in and make the food right there instead. TC: What were some struggles the cart has faced? GM: We were tiny at the beginning because kids were in a comfort zone— they were used to eating one thing. Kids wouldn’t even be willing to try our food but with patience and time we got through it, and now we’re doing really well. TC: What distinguishes the Greek Devil from other eateries on campus? GM: We are really healthy, and we’re flexible. We like to give students what they want, and the kids all want goodfor-you food now. Everyone’s trying to go healthy. Now we have Greek yogurt, Vitamin Water, juices and we are going to try to get rid of the soft drinks. They asked for it. TC: Do you have anything to say to past, current and future customers? GM: I just want to thank everybody for their support. It’s been great watching this little tiny business grow. The students did great work spreading the news of us around by word of mouth. That’s the bulk of our advertising. I look forward to serving everyone in the future.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-5

Food Factory takes over Devil’s Bistro on Central by Anna Koelsch THE CHRONICLE

After years of rumored changes and uncertainty, it is finally confirmed: The Food Factory is setting up shop at Duke. Cary, N.C.-based eatery The Food Factory will move into The Devil’s Bistro on Central Campus in the Fall, bringing to fruition plans that fell through in 2009 to bring the New York-style deli to Duke, Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta confirmed. “We hope we’ll be welcomed, and we hope that it’ll do well,” Food Factory Owner Jim Schmid said. The Food Factory opened in Cary in 2000 and has received positive reviews—receiving accolades such as “Best Lunch Place,” “Most Creative Sandwich” and “Best Deli” from Cary Magazine and The Cary News. The Cary location’s menu features options such as a breaded eggplant and melted mozzarella sandwich on focaccia bread, chicken Caesar wraps and a variety of salads. The new 70-item menu will be similar to that of The Devil’s Bistro, which includes pizza and burgers, and will feature some of The Food Factory’s signature deli sandwiches, Schmid said. The eatery plans on selling beer and wine. The on-campus restaurant will be open for lunch, dinner and late night, Schmid said. The Food Factory will be staffed by Schmid, his wife Lisa and several managers from the Cary location. Schmid said the restaurant also plans on hiring staff in Durham. The new eatery is tentatively being referred to as The Food Factory at Devil’s Bistro, though the name could change slightly. “We wanted students to know that it’s different people [running the eatery],” Schmid said. The Food Factory originally proposed opening an eatery on campus to the Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee and some Duke Student Government executive members in November 2008, The Chronicle reported. At the time, Duke was considering different eateries to either open in a new location on campus or to replace an already existing eatery. “We’ve been talking with Duke for two or three years about opening a restaurant,” Schmid said. “We’ve just been waiting for the right opportunity and to be invited.” The opening of The Food Factory was originally slated for Spring 2009 to replace an eatery either in McClendon Tower or the Bryan Center. Director of Dining Services Jim Wulforst told The Chronicle in January 2009 that major dining changes were put on hold because of a 19 percent drop in the value of Duke’s endowment since July 2008 as a result of the recession. The restaurant was then scheduled to open in Fall 2009. The Fall opening was also put on hold because of undisclosed financial problems at Duke. Some of the potential costs that were considered in 2009 included construction and rental costs because the location where The Food Factory would have taken over had not been determined. Rick Johnson, assistant vice president for housing and dining, wrote in an email that there will be few physical changes to the existing Devil’s Bistro as The Food Factory moves in because the Bistro is still new, having opened in April 2010. The Food Factory had also been discussed as a possible replacement for The Tower eatery in the basement of McClendon as part of the new Keohane Quadrangle 4E. The

Tower’s official replacement has not yet been announced by the University. “We’re hoping [The Food Factory] just meets the students’ needs out there on Central,” Schmid said. Johnson said he expects The Food Factory will establish a strong relationship with students and the Duke community. “[The] Food Factory was very connected to the Cary community, and they have told us—and we have great confidence—that they will make those same types of connections with students,” Johnson said. “Students should look forward to great food and an owner/operator team who [is] dedicated to great service and building a community around The Devil’s Bistro.”

Visit www.chronicle for news updates.

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B-6 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Critical report stokes debate on National Science Foundation by Julian Spector THE CHRONICLE

A report scrutinizing the budget and conduct of the National Science Foundation may be called into question itself. In late May, Sen. Tom Coburn, R-Okla., released a report criticizing the budget and conduct of the NSF. Among numerous other researchers, the report references three Duke scientists as using taxpayer dollars to conduct work of questionable scientific value. Coburn said the purpose of his report—titled “The National Science Foundation: Under the Microscope”—is to scrutinize the NSF by shedding light on wasteful practices such as the misuse of federal funds. The report quickly drew fierce criticism from scientists who said Coburn oversimplified or misrepresented their research and prompted questions about how NSF funding should be distributed. According to the NSF website, the NSF accounts for about 20 percent of federal support to academic institutions for basic research. Becky Bernhardt, a spokesperson for Coburn, wrote in an email that the study was not intended as an attack on researchers, but as a means to promote discussion about the federal budget. She noted that the NSF needs to consider budgetary concerns when awarding research grants. “The real question should be: Would taxpayers want their money to go toward studies that have not had some positive effect on the field, no matter how small the transformation?” she said. According to the report, NSF funds are being misspent on romantic getaways for NSF employees and fraudulent uses by recipients. “A dollar lost to mismanagement, fraud,

inefficiency or a dumb project is a dollar that could have advanced scientific discovery,” Coburn stated in the report. The report also lists a number of “Questionable NSF Projects.” These include J. A. Jones Distinguished Professor Adrian Bejan’s work on “Constructal Theory on

“A dollar lost to mismanagement, fraud, inefficiency or a dumb project is a dollar that could have advanced scientific discovery.” — Sen. Tom Coburn, R-Oklahoma Social Dynamics,” which addresses why colleges with top basketball programs draw the best recruits and received a grant of $79,988 from the NSF. Andrew Sweeting, assistant professor in Duke’s department of economics, evaluated when buying a recreational ticket is most economical and received $259,216 from the NSF. Coburn does not name the researcher for a third Duke study about the American public’s attitudes about war, but the link cited identifies him as political science professor Christopher Gelpi, whose project received $91,601 from the NSF. These three cases are indicative of the rest of Coburn’s examples in that, of the 359 citations in the report, Coburn predominantly draws from NSF award abstracts and press releases rather than the actual research he criticizes. Bernhardt said the sources used reflect-

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ed the purpose of the report. “The report uses NSF as its first degree reference because the objective of this report is not to attack the researcher but to draw attention to the NSF—to be able to identify potential trends or mismanagement and offer suggestions for improvement,” she said. The quality of research for the report represents one factor that has led to criticism from a host of scientific publications, and some of the “questionable” researchers themselves. Sweeting wrote in an email that Coburn misrepresented his work by reporting it based on the NSF online magazine article and promotional video that focused on one particular example of his research. “What happened is that NSF made a little video as part of a series designed to appeal to a very broad audience, which made a big point of a small result in my research,” Sweeting said. “Senator Coburn’s staff obviously saw it and thought that was what I do, without coming to ask me or NSF what my funded research is about.” Bejan also said he was never contacted by Coburn’s office. “The short version of the truth is that Senator Coburn’s text about me is a complete fabrication,” Bejan wrote in an email. “I never had NSF funding to study ‘March Madness’.... I never had an NSF grant to study the hierarchy of basketball.” Bejan said the March Madness example Coburn used to characterize Bejan’s research program came from a 2011 journal article about “the natural design of rigid hierarchy,” which Bejan said is unrelated to NSF funds he received previously. From 2004 to 2006 he was awarded a grant to develop a new undergraduate course on

“principles of design in nature and engineering.” That course led to a book titled “Design with Constructal Theory,” which is now taught universities around the globe, Bejan added. He noted that the NSF’s selection process is rigorous. “It’s so competitive, it’s so cutthroat,” he said in a June 21 interview. “Anybody who insinuates that the NSF is throwing money away is basically either a liar or ignorant.... We [grant recipients] are the opposite of the fat cats and drunks portrayed in this report.” In the NSF grant process, groups of expert peer reviewers critique and rate written proposals, according to the NSF Grant Proposal Guide. Their recommendations are further reviewed by program officers and ultimately division directors. The process usually takes about six months. “The numbers are so against you,” Bejan said. ”They have so little money that they do not give it to projects that are not worthy.” Bejan agrees with Coburn in at least one respect—they each said that money is being wasted. Coburn’s report describes waste in undisbursed grants, poor grant administration, duplication of scientific efforts across many government programs and questionable choices of research funding. Bejan said the NSF increasingly focuses on large group research projects at the expense of independent investigators. “Ideas occur in the mind and the mind belongs to the individual and so for the NSF, if it wants to produce more ideas per unit of support, the answer is very simple— help those few who demonstrated that they are creative, not for factories of the socalled knowledge industry,” he said.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-7

researchhighlights From Staff Reports THE CHRONICLE

While most students are on summer break, Duke researchers are still hard at work. The Chronicle’s Health and Science staff has compiled a few brief highlights from some particularly interesting studies released this summer, as according to Duke News research releases. Duke’s not-so-deathly hallow In what sounds like something straight out of a Harry Potter movie, Duke engineers have found a way to make objects invisible to sound waves with the use of an acoustic cloaking device. The technology was created by Steven Cummer, Jeffery N. Vinik associate professor of electrical and computer engineering, and his research team. The device that could be used for purposes as varied as soundproofing rooms to giving naval vessels the opportunity to dodge sonar. Interestingly, this comes after a different team of University researchers created an “invisibility cloak” in 2006 that could hide objects by bending light waves. Doctor-phobia Duke scientists have confirmed the existence of the “white coat effect,” a phenomenon in which blood pressure increases when measured in a doctor’s office due to the increased stress and anxiety that comes from a doctor’s visit. Researchers, including lead author Dr. Benjamin Powers, found significantly greater accuracy when several readings were taken together and compiled. Sweaty pitchers less likely to “chill out” Baseball players at bat on a warm day, may not want to anger the opposing team’s pitcher. A recent Duke study found that pitchers become more likely to mistakenly hit batters with a pitch as the air temperature rises. The study—conducted by Richard Larrick, a management professor at Fuqua, and his team— also found that other common measurements of aggression, such as the murder rate, also increase in the summer months. Lazy Facebook users can now be even more lazy Hate tagging photos on Facebook? Those with a smartphone are in luck. A new application called “Tagsense,” developed by students from Duke and the University of South Carolina, can automatically tag friends in photos by utilizing contextual cues. The app also uses phones’ sensors to describe the type of activity those in the photo are taking part in—so there is no need to write a caption.

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B-8 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


ith Kelly Crace Q&A with The beginning of college marks the start of exciting changes: a new school, home, friends and lifestyle. Sometimes this excitement can feel overwhelming, and Counseling and Psychological Services provides useful programs to help students combat the stresses of college. New CAPS Director Kelly Crace, who worked as a staff psychologist last year, recently spoke with The Chronicle’s Amanda Young to discuss CAPS, stress management and mental health awareness. The Chronicle: What is your vision for the CAPS program? Kelly Crace: Our primary vision is to be seen as a safe and inclusive place of support for students, to foster student wellbeing and aid them in their journey toward an authentic sense of self, a sense of purpose and developing a sense of community. TC: Are there any changes that students will see with the CAPS program next year and in the coming years? KC: Each year, we assess the effectiveness of our services and spend the summer creatively looking for ways to optimize how we serve our community. That includes improving our responsiveness to students, breaking down stigmas and obstacles that may interfere with students accessing our services and creating developmental programming that can positively affect our culture toward increased flourishing and resilience. TC: What services does CAPS provide, and how can students utilize these services? KC: We provide individual, couples and group counseling to all enrolled students. Students can access our service by calling our main number and requesting an appointment. We also provide outreach and developmental programming on a wide variety of topics to help students thrive in their personal and relational goals, and we consult with students about how best to support friends of concern. We also provide crisis intervention in cases of emergency. More information about the full scope of our services can be found on our website. TC: What do you see as the biggest stressors for students? KC: Today’s college students care deeply about what they do, and they want to feel a sense of connection and acceptance within their community. They no longer want to be successful, but they want to succeed in something meaningful, and the competition for those meaningful opportunities has never

been more competitive. This is a formula for a lot of stress and heightened fear of failure. It can cause students to give exaggerated importance to every single event that happens when they step on campus. This can lead to students managing their fear by trying to control everything through perfectionism or escape through procrastination. It can also cause them to isolate themselves instead of using supportive resources. Essentially, most students come to campus with two beginning questions, “Am I capable, can I do this?” and “Will I find a sense of belonging here?” Those are questions that can trigger a lot of stress, but fortunately, there are a lot of supportive resources to help students with these stressors. TC: Do you have specific advice for incoming freshmen on how to manage stress? KC: Before they come to campus, I encourage students to learn more about the supportive resources that are available to them and to actively engage in orientation to develop a sophisticated understanding of the support that is available to them. Students flourish here take the time to remind themselves that they have worked hard to prepare for this next stage of their life, that they are enough and capable to succeed here and that they will also need to make some adjustments along the way. They trust what got them here, but they look for ways and resources to adapt and build upon that foundation. The support is there, but they have to be knowledgeable consumers of what is the best support for them. TC: How do you want to improve mental health awareness at Duke? KC: We want to continue to broaden and deepen the community’s understanding of mental health in a manner that honors how cultural influences and life experiences can impact how mental health is perceived. We want to be responsive to our community when urgent and emergent issues arise and also be proactive in affecting this community so that wellness, authentic expression and engagement are seen as critical threads to our culture. TC: Do you think that mental health is a taboo subject at Duke, and if so, why? KC: The stress that students face can create a powerful cultural message against showing vulnerability. In our desire


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to appear together, in our desire to feel independent, we can mistakenly start to view support as a threat to our feelings of self-sufficiency. For many, to reach out for help is a confession of weakness. It is our hope to change that perception so that students can see that to be truly independent and self-sufficient, accessing supportive resources to help along the way is an expression of strength and wisdom. TC: Do you have any last words about CAPS or mental health awareness? KC: There are so many opportunities to create experiences of value and meaning for students. But those opportunities often have uncertainty and fear attached to them. If students can learn to embrace and manage that fear in a healthy manner, they can more fully experience those moments of great meaning. It is our hope that students will see the resources of CAPS as a place to help clarify what is most meaningful to them and to support them through the uncertainty.

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B-10 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Lemur Center makes strides in sustainability by Matt Barnett THE CHRONICLE

Fresh, local fruits and vegetables will soon be on the menu for the small and furry residents of the Duke Lemur Center. In an effort to increase its sustainability, the Duke Lemur Center created an organic garden in May to provide food for more than 200 animals. Plans for the garden began in December 2010 when the center received a $5,000 grant to offset the cost of the lemurs’ food. The garden represents the center’s commitment to sustainability, said Amanda Wilkins, garden manager and a senior at North Carolina State University. In addition, the center recently created two new energy-efficient buildings. “Given that we house the largest colony of critically endangered primates in the world, we are ever aware

of the need to commit to environmental sustainability,” Center Director Anne Yoder said, adding that the center’s sustainability policy is largely a reaction to the threatened natural habitat of lemurs. Conservation Coordinator Charlie Welch and Development Officer Lari Hatley approached Wilkins to help with the project. Welch had already been growing fruit around the center prior to the full-fledged garden. The garden features squash, blueberries, herbs and several other vegetables and is tended in part by student volunteers from the nearby Duke School, a private preschool, elementary and middle school in Durham, Wilkins said. Although the center plans to expand the garden, Wilkins noted that the garden will never be the lemurs’ sole food source due to space constraints and North Carolina’s growing season. Hatley also noted that the garden is an important


educational tool for the center’s environmental commitment. “We work every day to further educate students, the general public and our Malagasy partners in sustainable practices,” Hatley wrote in an email June 23. “We wanted to ‘walk the walk.’” The garden is only one of the center’s many sustainable policies, which include the use of rainwater collection systems and the use of food scraps as mulch for the garden, Hatley said. The center has recently replaced all of the light fixtures in its older buildings with more energy-efficient technology, wrote Operations Manager Greg Dye in an email June 23. The center’s landscaping is also shifting away from a traditional design that features lots of grass and trees in order to reduce its carbon footprint. Two new LEED Silver-certified primate buildings opened in early May, Dye added. The releasable building houses 60 lemurs and the semi-releasable building houses 80 lemurs. Both buildings allow free-range capacities across certain acres of Duke Forest. According to the center’s website, the buildings’ sustainable features include windows that allow natural light to pass through and reduce the need for electricity, water fixtures that reduce the buildings’ water usage by 15,000 gallons a year and motion sensor light switches that save 20 percent more energy. During construction, more than 20 percent of the building material was from recycled materials and 70 percent of construction waste was recycled. “We also try to use sustainable practices in every area, from using donor funds, to purchas[ing] an electric cart to transport visitors with mobility issues, to using 100 percent recycled fibers and soy inks in our print publications, while moving toward more and more electronic communication,” Hatley said. In addition to the garden and buildings, the center also has a new tour path, which brings visitors through an open enclosure—allowing a barrier-free path between lemurs and guests, Education and Development Associate Niki Barnett said. Barnett added that the center is recently became home to several baby lemurs. “This year we have been very successful with breeding our lemurs,” Barnett said. “We have infants from a variety of species, and all are thriving.”

Reshma Kalimi, Trinity ’12, works with Dr. Dan Ariely, a behavioral economist and game theorist at the Fuqua School of Business, on how changes in the income tax rate affect marginal worker productivity.

Over half of Duke undergraduates choose to pursue faculty-mentored research.


The new organic garden will feed more than two hundred animals.


YIELD from page B-1 year. This year, Duke had 10.5 percent more applications than last year. “We’ve actually been doing pretty good,” Guttentag said. “Holding yield steady or increasing while the applicant pool is getting bigger and stronger is very good.” Yield has fluctuated between 41 and 45 percent for the past twenty years, Guttentag said, adding that admissions usually admits a certain number of students with a prediction of what that year’s yield will be like. “We make certain assumptions about what’s going to happen,” he said. “Yield doesn’t change dramatically from year to year. If yield goes up, then you admit fewer students, and if you think yield is going to increase and you don’t want to overenroll, you admit fewer students. And if it turns out that you’re wrong, well, you just admit students from the waiting list.” The Class of 2014 was the largest freshman class the University has ever seen—1,750 students. Even though Duke’s yield is lower than that of peer institutions, Guttentag said the admis-

FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-11

sions staff was careful to create a smaller class this year, partially due to the limited space available on East Campus. Duke’s yield numbers have been traditionally lower than other universities. Harvard University’s yield increased to 77 percent this year, according to The Crimson, and the University of Pennsylvania’s yield remained at 63 percent for the fourth consecutive year, according to The Daily Pennsylvanian. “A class change of 1,705 to a class of 1,750 has all kinds of implications on facilities or class size,” said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations, about the changes between the Classes of 2013 and 2014. “This year’s yield was intentional and planned. We have very good models for estimating what yield is. But, at the end of the day, you’re still dependent on the decisions of a couple thousand high school seniors.” Guttentag said one prominent fact about the upcoming class of freshmen is that, for the first time, California is the most represented state. He attributed this to an increased awareness of the University on the West Coast coupled with the California public education system’s budget cuts. “There are Californians who are looking for alternatives to



For more than 1,100 Duke students, their time at Duke does not end after their last final in the Spring. Instead, many remain at Duke to take classes, conduct research or serve an internship, among other activities. The Chronicle’s Ted Knudsen recently spoke with several of these students, inquiring about their choice to stay in Durham this summer and how they have found the experience. “I took summer classes to raise my GPA—that’s pretty much the only reason. Increased exposure to professors and smaller classes are nice, but there isn’t much to do other than study.” —Nicholas Grace, a sophomore “I am working for a startup company in the area anyway, so I decided to take classes since I’m here. Student life is pretty slow, but the extra time to prepare for classes is nice.” —Michael Im, a sophomore “It’s great. I’m not taking classes so I get to see a lot people since many of them are still on campus.” —Shilpa Sachdeva, a premed senior doing clinical research “It’s alright. I wish more places were open though.” —Emily Cheng, a junior “I’m just trying to get a requirement out of the way, so I’m less stressed during the semester.” —David Lung, a junior “I love [summer session]. I get to focus on my class, work out and see my friends a lot.” —Juanita Hazel, a premed sophomore “I’ve enjoyed meeting new people since there are fewer on campus. My class is a lot of work, but I’m glad I’m here.” —Rachel Whitney, a sophomore engineer “getting math out of the way” “The social scene isn’t great, but I like that there are definitely fewer distractions.” —Sammy Orina, a junior working on campus for the Children’s Defense Fund

the [University of California] system,” Guttentag said. “We are the beneficiaries of that, which is good for us and, of course, unfortunate for the California university system.” Nali Gillespie, an incoming freshman from California, said Duke was cheaper for her to attend than University of California, Irvine and University of California, Berkeley. She added that Duke will cost only half as much as her twin sister’s California public university. Tiffany Chien, also an incoming freshman from California, said she was turned off by the University of California’s budget problems. She said assistant director of undergraduate admissions Samuel Carpenter visited her high school, which led to heightened interest in Duke as a top choice school among her peers. Chien also cited Blue Devil Days as one of the reasons she wanted to “become part of the Duke family.” “Funny thing is that I wanted to stay in California for the longest time, but visiting Duke and speaking with current students really convinced me that leaving my home state... would lead to a life-changing experience that I just couldn’t pass up,” Chien said.

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STEAM PLANT from page B-1 be completed by October 2012—will transform the coalburning plant into a natural gas steam plant similar to its East Campus counterpart. “It is definitely Duke’s... largest step to date reducing our carbon footprint,” said Russell Thompson, director of utilities and engineering for Facilities Management. “We’re doing a lot more than just renovating, we’re completely changing the site.”


The renovated steam plant will reveal the building’s original brick.

Toward a greener future The $30 million conversion of the West Campus plant continues the University’s push towards carbon neutrality by 2024. The plant currently accounts for 25 percent of the University’s annual carbon output, and converting from coal to natural gas would reduce the plant’s carbon output per pounds of steam by almost half, Thompson said. After renovations are completed, plant efficiency would also rise from around 80 percent to more than 90 per-

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cent—a “really high” number, he added. The elimination of coal usage and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions are two of the goals expressed in the University’s Climate Action Plan, issued in 2009. The CAP was developed to fulfill the American College and University Presidents’ Climate Commitment, signed by President Richard Brodhead in 2007, which calls for a regular inventory of emissions and the integration of sustainability into Duke’s educational offerings. “I think [these changes] just show that Duke is serious about the greenhouse gas issue and wants to do what they can within their span of control to address the issue,” said John Noonan, associate vice president of Facilities Management. Efforts to address the greenhouse gas issue may help qualify the West steam plant for a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design designation. “We’re real confident on the [LEED] silver [rating],” Thompson said, adding that the steam plant may even earn a gold rating. Step by step Built in 1929, the West Campus steam plant has served the University’s needs for over 80 years. The plant currently has three coal-burning boilers, two backup number 2 fuel oil boilers and a sixth boiler that can burn either oil or natural gas, Thompson noted. Ultimately, the three existing coal boilers will be replaced with boilers that can burn either oil or natural gas The boilers heat water to generate steam, which is distributed through more than 30 miles of underground pipeline to various buildings around campus. It is used to heat buildings and water, sterilize equipment and dehumidify research labs and health system buildings. However, the steam plant’s constant use presents inherent difficulties, Noonan wrote in an email. “Working on a renovation like this is very challenging especially because the West plant needs to remain operational [and] producing steam during the renovation,” he said. “Therefore, the planning, logistics, design and construction all need to factor this in.” For instance, Facilities Management initiated the renovation over the summer, when hot temperatures and low student population on campus keep steam demand lower. Executive Vice President Tallman Trask wrote in an email that the renovations will also generate “pedestrian improvements” and result in a “very nice landscaped walkway from CIEMAS to Erwin Road.” The new walkway will help integrate the plant, which is unknown to many students, more fully into campus life. Yet, the most striking changes in the plant’s metamorphosis may be those that occur to the building itself. The steam plant will be refurbished both internally and externally and will display its original 1929 red brick facade to the public next Fall. “[The West plant] will go from probably one of the ugliest places on campus to one of the most beautiful places on campus,” Thompson said.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-15

CRIME from page B-1

Grade-A art

in 2007, has proven to be one of the most effective programs in reducing and preventing crime. The initiative was created to reduce crime in a two-square mile area of Durham that accounted for much of the city’s gun crime, gun fire, drug arrests and prostitution. Since the start of the initiative, the target area has seen a 57 percent drop in violent gun crime. In 2010, DPD also implemented a number of new measures in order to lower the city’s violent crime rates. Through the Department of Justice’s Project Safe Neighborhoods group, the DPD began a Safety in Numbers campaign that provided Durham residents in 136 neighborhoods, 31 businesses, seven faith-based groups and 24 community organizations with a Community Safety Directory. The directories advise on safety precautions and crime prevention and were distributed to neighboorhood partners throughout Durham. “The campaign urged residents to take a stand against gun crime and violence and encouraged them to become involved in anti-crime and mentoring activities,” Lopez said. DPD also began a Violent Incident Response program, which identifies and monitors people or groups with a known capacity or tendency to commit violent crimes. The VIR gathers its information from DPD, the Department of Community Corrections and the Durham County District Attorney’s Office, Lopez noted. DPD has also collaborated with the Partners Against Crime program, Vickers wrote in an email June 23. The PAC program has groups within each of Durham’s five police districts and brought together police officers, residents and city government officials to discuss strategies to reduce crime as well as identifying areas that require improvement. Vickers attributed improvements to city safety, in part, to the work of PAC and its relationship with the DPD. “On a daily basis, we work directly with PAC in all of the districts in solving crime and quality of life issues,” Vickers said. PAC representatives could not be reached for comment. Partnerships with other law enforcement has also helped DPD keep Durham safe, Vickers said. DUPD partners with DPD to address criminal activity. The two groups often work together to address the concerns and activities of students off campus, Duke Police Chief John Dailey said. “We have daily meetings with [DPD] where we share information of incidents that impact campus,” he said. “Durham Police often alerts us to students needing assistance off campus—usually due to intoxication.” DUPD also assists DPD in its work around the city, Dailey said. For example, the two forces joined in an effort called Operation Roundup to serve outstanding arrest warrants throughout the city June 21 and 22.


Members of the Duke community browse through an art gallery composed of faculty-made offerings in front of the Duke Chapel.

Coming to Duke? Try Something New This Fall! WST 150S.01 TOPICS: Feminist Art from the 1970s - Kimberly Lamm, TTH 11:40 AM – 12:55 PM What is feminist art? How is feminist art defined, practiced, and theorized? What are its connections to and distinctions from direct political engagement? How and why does it engage with visual culture? This course will pursue these questions by focusing on the Nasher Museum’s exhibition The Deconstructing Impulse: Women Artists Reconfigure the Signs of Power, 1973-1991, which runs parallel with our course. The Deconstructing Impulse gives us a wonderful opportunity to analyze feminism’s multiple appearances in contemporary art and visual culture, and in turn, examine the role visual culture plays in the production of gender, race, sexuality, and class. WST 150S.03 TOPICS: Gender and Science After Darwin - Heatherlyn Mayer, WF 10:05 – 11:20 AM In asking how humans evolved, it seems natural to wonder how gender and sex-specific traits evolved as well. But it is well known that common assumptions, bias and prejudice can shape scientific theory especially when it comes to explanations of human characteristics, thus reinforcing attitudes and expectations about gender. And, when it comes to issue of human evolution and gender characteristics, it can be easy to overestimate the extent to which such explanations should influence and direct our policies and actions. We will explore these and other relevant issues. WST 150S.04 TOPICS: Difference - Netta Van Vliet, MW 11:40 AM – 12: 55 PM Gender, sex, class, human, animal, nation, language, racism, politics, culture, representation…….. In this course, we will focus on the concept of difference in different moments and contexts in the formation of the field of Women’s Studies and in feminist theory. Doing so will bring us to examine other terms which the concept of difference both relies on and puts into question, including community, identity, equality, woman, the human, rights, origin, and reproduction. The course is divided into six interrelated sections: 1) representation; 2) subjectivity; 3) economics; 4) human rights and the nation-state; 5) gender and sexuality, and; 6) limits. We will draw in particular on 1970s and 1980s feminisms and the debates they involved, French feminist theory, literature, psychoanalysis, postcolonial theory, and queer theory. In addition to reading academic texts, we will also be reading from novels, newspapers, listening to music and watching films. WST 160S Feminism in Historical Context – Stephanie Gilmore, TTH 10:05 – 11:20 AM This course is a comprehensive introduction to feminist theoretical conceptions of the social, political, economic, and the human. During the semester students will explore the rise of gender based discourses and social movements in the context of broader considerations of modernity, democracy, and liberal humanism and the value of rights discourse for feminist agendas. It will also include a comparative dimension that emphasizes cross cultural and historical analysis. WST 164S Race, Gender and Sexuality – Miles Grier, TTH 10:05 – 11:20 AM This course explores the work of ideas about family, nation, and economic relations in shaping life in England’s Atlantic zone of influence from the Elizabethan period to the turn of the twentieth century. Although remembered as a period that loosened the authority of Church and monarch over individuals, the Age of Revolutions also fostered gender, race, and sexuality as categories determining the essential qualities and social utility of individuals. This course follows the maneuvers of a range of rebels and subtle impersonators who used bald resistance and feigned submission to enjoy liberties denied to them. We will imaginatively reconstruct scenes involving theatrical players, passing women, runaway slaves, students, anti-colonial rebels and others navigating the terrain of gender, race, and sexuality in the world linked by the Atlantic economy. WST 167S Feminist Ethics - Kathy Rudy, MW 2:50 – 4:05 PM This course examines and critiques various strands of feminist ethics broadly thought of as the care tradition. Most prominent in the 1970’s through early 90’s, the feminist care tradition argued that women had unique ways of knowing and understanding morality. Based in biological differences many argued that a new feminist ethics could be rooted in the emotional and affective work that women performed in society. The care tradition fell out of favor among most feminists beginning in the early 1990’s but key concepts and dichotomies haunt many realms of thinking today. From postmodern ethics to sociobiology to ecology and conservation, today’s debates pit reason against emotion, selfishness against altruism, and independence against connection. These dualisms demand that we revisit the care tradition and rediscover early feminist insights (and limitations) for contemporary conversations.


Since 2001, violent crimes in Durham have dropped 31 percent, which police officials attribute in part to the Bull’s Eye Initiative.

B-16 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


The Chronicle classified advertising ad submission

online: email: fax to: 919-684-8295 phone orders: (919)-684-3811 No refunds or cancellations after first insertion deadline ADVERTISERS: Please check your advertisement for errors on the first day of publication. If you find an error, please call 919-684-3811. The Chronicle only accepts responsibility for the first incorrect day for ads entered by our office staff. We cannot offer make-good runs for errors in ads placed online by the customer.

Did you realize that OVER 16% of the current US population identifies as Latino/Hispanic? Did you know that this category includes people who are: black, white, and brown; Spanishspeaking and English-speaking; new immigrants as well as long-term citizens; linked to Guatemala, Puerto Rico, Chile, Mexico, Spain or any of 20+ other countries? Whether you are Latino or not, this is an important population to learn about, and Duke offers many options to do so! Check out our certificate, Latino/a Studies in the Global South, that you can combine with ANY major/minor, and consider the following FALL courses: Intro to Latino/a Studies in the Global South with Prof Antonio Viego, LSGS100S/SPAN 120S/ AAAS 199S/ LIT 162ES – ONLY 4 seats left – GREAT class for new students (open to freshmen)! Papers on Papers: Writing About Unauthorized Migration with Prof Nicolas Eilbaulm, WRITING 20 – For freshmen! Reading Latina and Latino History through Literature with Prof Claudia Milian, LSGS 181S/SPAN 181S/ICS 131GS Latino/a Voices in Duke, Durham and Beyond with Prof Joan Clifford, LSGS 106ES/SPAN 106ES Mayas, Aztecs and Incas with Prof Walter Mignolo, LSGS 155/SPAN 155D/ICS 155/CULANTH 157 Health, Culture, and the Latino Community, LSGS 106/SPAN 106A

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including sexual harassment, is unacceptable at Duke. Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination and also prohibited by Title IX, a federal law that prohibits discrimination based upon gender. Discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, veteran status, gender or age is prohibited by law and Duke policy. If you have questions or want additional information, you may contact the Office for Institutional Equity (OIE) directly at (919) 684-8222 or visit our website at: equity. If you have a concern, you are encouraged to seek help from your manager, Human Resources or OIE. Students who have concerns may seek assistance from the Office of Student Conduct, your chair, dean or OIE.

ARE YOU INTERESTED IN RESEARCH? Cognitive psychology lab focusing on autobiographical memory on West Campus seeks part-time (812hrs/week) research assistants to work during the fall & spring semesters. Tasks would include: coordinating and conducting behavioral experiments from participant recruitment to data entry, conducting library research, and miscellaneous laboratory tasks. Flexible scheduling and a relaxed working environment at a pay rate of $8.25/hr. Psychology major not required; work-study preferred. Email

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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-17

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle poor ted: ted is dead: ................................................................................. nick on the bed: ............................................................................ nickyle hurt his head: .............................................................................loco from bad bread: ...............................................................melissanna in his stead:.......................................................................... ctcusack we’ll help instead: .........................................tedx, nate, jon, yeoda tomorrow night we dread: ..........................................chinny, dean the online spread: ............................................................. saneditor Barb Starbuck hates Bojangles: ................................................ Barb

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Student Advertising Manager: ..............................Margaret Potter Account Executives: ................... Chelsea Canepa, Phil DeGrouchy Liza Doran, Lianna Gao, Rhea Kaw, Ben Masselink Amber Su, Mike Sullivan, Jack Taylor Quinn Wang, Cap Young Creative Services Student Manager ...........................Christine Hall Creative Services: ...............................Lauren Bledsoe, Danjie Fang Caitlin Johnson, Megan Meza , Hannah Smith Business Assistant: ........................................................Joslyn Dunn


Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. (No number is repeated in any column, row or box.)

Can’t Find Nemo? Put a “Lost” Ad in The Chronicle classifieds. Answer to puzzle

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B-18 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011

Back the BCC With daily ridership at desire to strengthen Duke1,500 rather than the esti- Durham ties. Not marketmated 2,000, the Bull City ing the service to its fullest Connector still has room capacity would constitute a to improve—namely in in- symbolic severance of ties troducing Duke students with the surrounding city. to downtown The situaDurham. The tion, however, editorial bus service, esis not beyond tablished last year as part of repair. There exists a siga joint Duke-Durham initia- nificant minority of stutive to highlight the wealth dents who regularly trek of activities available in the into the city using their city, is most frequented by own means of transportalocal residents and Duke tion. Additionally, once employees. The University students are made aware ought to prioritize increas- of what Durham has to ofing student ridership in fer, they travel in sporadic order to justify its $375,000 bursts to take advantage of contribution to the BCC a local show or eatery. The last year. University simply needs to Beyond the mere eco- adopt creative strategies to nomic incentive to encour- tap into—and expand—the age students to use the BCC, pool of willing students. the University has voiced its One such pool is the

High school students with CS interest should be doing more of this so that maybe by ten years from now iTunes, Flash, and other infamous culprits aren’t quite so bug-ridden. —“lenhawk” commenting on the story “‘Alice; project to introduce children to computer science.” See more at

LETTERS POLICY The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

1,700-student freshmen class that comes to Duke every Fall. During orientation week, new students are eager to partake in their designated first-year advisory counselor-led activities in Durham, which in the past have included attending a Durham Bulls baseball game and picnicking in the American Tobacco park. If these excursions were packaged with BCC transportation, new students would be made aware of the service early on and therefore subtly encouraged to take further advantage of the BCC stop on East Campus. At the same time, it is worth noting that many West Campus residents are less willing to venture into Durham because there is no convenient means for

them to do so. The nearest BCC stops to West are the stops along the Duke Medical Center and Central Campus. We commend the University for reevaluating its bus stops to include one more accessible for students on West Campus, and the University would do well to continue pursuing that goal. If a bus stop at the main traffic circle proves to be logistically unfeasible, a stop at the base of the Allen building or outside the admissions office would likely result in an increase in ridership. Students must also be properly incentivized to travel into Durham via the BCC. The Hub, Duke’s discount ticket program, already provides subsidized student

tickets and coupons to local shows and restaurants. These discounts can be further extended by offering students exclusive deals for nearby museums and sporting events contingent upon students packaged with BCC route maps. Additionally, the University should look into extending the BCC hours on nights and weekends to give students the option of spending their free time off campus. The University is obligated to ensure that more of its students utilize the BCC service. The issue is more reflective of students’ disconnect with the city rather than unwillingness to immerse themselves—this, thankfully, is resolvable with proper marketing and more University-driven exposure.

To anonymous online commenters


Est. 1905



Direct submissions to:

E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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SANETTE TANAKA, Editor NICHOLAS SCHWARTZ, Managing Editor NICOLE KYLE, News Editor CHRIS CUSACK, Sports Editor MELISSA YEO, Photography Editor MEREDITH JEWITT, Editorial Page Editor CORY ADKINS, Editorial Board Chair TONG XIANG, Managing Editor for Online DEAN CHEN, Director of Online Operations JONATHAN ANGIER, General Manager TOM GIERYN, Sports Managing Editor KATIE NI, Design Editor LAUREN CARROLL, University Editor ANNA KOELSCH, University Editor CAROLINE FAIRCHILD, Local & National Editor YESHWANTH KANDIMALLA, Local & National Editor MICHAEL SHAMMAS, Health & Science Editor JULIAN SPECTOR, Health & Science Editor TED KNUDSEN, News Photography Editor CHRIS DALL, Sports Photography Editor ROSS GREEN, Recess Editor MAGGIE LOVE, Recess Managing Editor CHELSEA PIERONI, Recess Photography Editor JAMES LEE, Online Photo Editor DREW STERNESKY, Editorial Page Managing Editor CHRISTINE CHEN, Wire Editor SAMANTHA BROOKS, Multimedia Editor MOLLY HIMMELSTEIN, Special Projects Editor for Video CHRISTINA PEÑA, Towerview Editor RACHNA REDDY, Towerview Editor NATHAN GLENCER, Towerview Photography Editor MADDIE LIEBERBERG, Towerview Creative Director TAYLOR DOHERTY, Special Projects Editor CHRISTINA PEÑA, Special Projects Editor for Online LINDSEY RUPP, Senior Editor TONI WEI, Senior Editor COURTNEY DOUGLAS, Recruitment Chair TONI WEI, Recruitment Chair MARY WEAVER, Operations Manager CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director BARBARA STARBUCK, Production Manager REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at © 2010 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

Dear Anonymous Online Commenters, Whenever I begin a relationship with someone, I like to make my true feelings known at the outset. So now, at what remains an early jeremy ruch stage in my columnwriting career, let me run and tell that make myself clear: I don’t like you. Allow me to clarify. I have no objection to what you write in your comments. In fact, I generally find your remarks insightful, funny and often equally as or more interesting than the columns you critique. You can be nasty, but that’s what columnists sign up for. My real problem is your asinine insistence on remaining anonymous. Making a comment presumably indicates a desire to contribute substance to a conversation and be taken seriously. But your anonymity should make anyone hesitate to take you or your views seriously. For one thing, context matters. It’s silly to pretend that the meaning of your comment isn’t influenced by your identity and the experiences that you’ve had. If I were to write a column berating the country of Sweden, for instance, it would be relevant to know that you are the president of a Scandinavian affinity club when reading your spirited opposition. And this doesn’t just apply to negative comments. I greatly appreciate positive feedback on my columns. But if gushing comments are written anonymously, they could just be from my grandmother signing on multiple times using different screen names. By signing your name—bonus points to people who also disclose any potential conflicts of interest—you would be displaying a willingness to allow others the opportunity to discover any potential biases you may have. They could then judge your remarks in that context. And trust me, this isn’t an innocent-until-proven-guilty sort of thing: If you don’t reveal your biases, we all assume you have them anyway. But there are broader issues at work. Your comments would be even more insightful if your name was associated with them. Whenever most people make a comment, write a column or do anything else that involves voluntarily sharing an opinion, there’s a natural cost-benefit analysis that takes place. There are usually serious risks to consider— for instance, the possibility that one will forever be associated with a view that strikes the rest of the world as stupid, obnoxious or both. This has a tendency to prevent poorly thought-out remarks.

The anonymous comment phenomenon turns this process on its head. Sure, anonymous commenters can’t benefit from the respect garnered by a strong opinion. But they still enjoy the opportunity to share their view with the world without worrying about blowback. This creates opinion inflation—in other words, many, many comments that involve less than 10 seconds of thought. Some of you will surely argue that more opinions are always better. Holders of this view should feel free to take a virtual stroll over to CollegeACB’s website, the anonymous online confession board. One could argue that the mindless maliciousness of the “confessions” on this site are the result of other societal ills. But try and count how many comments would still be there if their authors had been required to sign their names. People are more cruel, and more importantly, more stupid in their nameless forms. Thoughtless remarks—unsurprisingly—occur when people have no incentive to think before speaking. To be sure, there are situations in which remaining anonymous is completely understandable—for instance, if you live in North Korea. But when you are a willing participant in a progressive academic community, commenting from behind a virtual veil is not reasonable. It is just cowardly. To put this on a larger scale, it’s no coincidence that big ideas usually don’t get spread by anonymous people. Tahrir and Tiananmen Squares weren’t filled with screen names—they were filled with people willing to put their reputations and even their lives at risk to stand by their ideas. Bring this to Duke. I’m glad you agree with me that graduation speeches should be banned or that unpaid internships shouldn’t be, but how are you helping me achieve a goal if you aren’t even willing to publicly state your support? To the more negative folks, what are you afraid of? I’m a lanky 5-foot-8-inch Jewish kid; I’m not going to hurt you. Not to mention that I’m going to be halfway around the world for the next few months—there’s never been a better time to own up to your hatred of me and all I stand for. You’re reaching the end of this column, and knowing your type, you’ve already got something to say. So write a comment. Call me any name you like—trust me, as the youngest of three sons, I’ve heard it all before. Tear me to pieces. Tell me my logic is idiotic and my prose boring. And then sign your name at the bottom. Jeremy Ruch is a Trinity junior.


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-19


The war that guaranteed war Our nation’s history is a narrative that has been retold and reinterpreted throughout generations, culminating in a national ethos unique to the United States. This story has its great protagonists—George maggie lafalce Washington, Abraham southern highlander Lincoln and Martin Luther King Jr. to name a few. And it has its great moments of moral dilemma, when the character of the nation is defined and challenged. It seems that these moments often arise when the country goes to war, and the significance of each of our nation’s wars is determined by how it fits into the contemporary storyline of America’s history. Comparing World War I and World War II, we see a striking difference in the way these wars are memorialized in American culture. Specifically, WWII seems to have an accepted influence on life in the United States today. But WWI, once called the “Great War” and “the war to end all wars,” has gone the way of the SpanishAmerican War, diligently noted on a timeline, but ultimately relegated to the dusty top shelf of U.S. history. About WWI, we remember that it was first a prologue to WWII. We might recall that we won, because we know that we used to win wars back then. But the rest is probably forgotten, muddled in our collective memory like a blurry black-and-white photograph. World War I seems lost in the shadow of the war that would follow it. WWI was a war of stagnation, not action. The trenches, the symbol of the war’s stalemate, were a horrific battleground. Ultimately, WWI is not remembered for its notable impact on international relations, the effects of which we still see today. Rather, it is thought of as that other war, a time of ambivalent sacrifice in the fight for an ambiguous cause—a striking point of comparison for the war that would follow. WWII, on the other hand, is the story of good versus evil. Of American boys fending off the Nazi scourge. Of

Tom Hanks stumbling across Europe in search of Matt Damon. The war historian Dan Todman describes the WWII as “the ultimate ‘good war’” —a conflict characterized by moral certainty and moral simplicity. I think we also dwell on WWII because its effects on the American way of life remain with us today. The end of WWII saw the birth of the baby-boomer generation, the introduction of suburbia as the baseline of middleclass American life and America’s establishment as a world superpower. These cultural by-products continue to shape “Americanism” as we know it. But we often fail to consider how the lasting impacts of WWI also shape U.S. policy and perspective. Unfortunately, WWI is a war confined to discussions of war’s futility and stalemate. It is often forgotten that WWI is largely responsible for long-term instability in the Middle East. After four centuries of continuous rule, the Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1918, creating a vacuum of power in the region. At the Paris Peace Conference, the Middle East was carved up and divided between France and Britain. Middle East negotiations during and after WWI laid the groundwork for the conflict in the region that continues to plague U.S. foreign relations and muddles contemporary war efforts in the Middle East. Although WWI was once heralded as “the war to end all wars,” I think a more appropriate byline would be “the war that guaranteed war.” In the narrative of our nation’s history, the role of WWI is packaged into discussions of WWII. The profound impact WWI continues to have on international conflict is often overlooked, conveniently forgotten in the Western narrative of world history. Considering the legacy of Western intervention in the Middle East and current U.S. policy in that region, WWI’s ramifications for contemporary international relations could not be more appropriate to a dialogue of what it’s like to be an American today. Maggie LaFalce is a Trinity junior.

Dive in Dear readers, Sunday, May 1 marked our first day of production as a new masthead. At 9:30 p.m. we were adding the finishing touches to the issue and looking forward to an uncharacteristically early night. Less than two hours later, that all changed. Like every other newsroom in the nation, we watched President Obama confirm that U.S. forces had killed sanette tanaka Osama bin Laden. The news sparked celebrafrom the editor tions and impromptu gatherings nationwide. But for us at The Chronicle, the celebration would have to wait. During the next few hours, we redesigned our front page, created a photo illustration, reported a story and double-checked then triple-checked every word. Our night ended at an exhausting 5 a.m.—but even as I stumbled bleary-eyed back to my dorm, I had never felt so thoroughly exhilarated. That night exemplifies our mission here at The Chronicle, which is to be the watchdog for our readers, the voice of this campus community. Every day we strive to be your most timely and relevant news source. Whether you read us in print or online, our goal remains the same. And in order to achieve that goal, we need your help. Tell us what you want to read in our pages and on our website. Let us know about issues you want to see covered. Write a letter to the editor, submit a guest column, comment on our stories, tweet your thoughts. And why not start here, with our largest issue of the year? Open to our center spread, and you will see that the Duke name already reaches well beyond Durham. Read up on Duke’s forays into Africa, Singapore and China, as we are on our way to becoming the American uni-

versity with the largest physical presence in a foreign country. Look to Sportswrap for all the details about Duke men’s basketball’s two-week venture to China and Dubai, as well as profiles of our newest athletes. Look to Recess, The Chronicle’s weekly arts and entertainment section, for music reviews on the latest albums by Bon Iver (pretty good) and Lady Gaga (not so good), as well as film reviews and a feature on a Pittsboro music staple, TRKfest. Peruse through Towerview magazine for the latest trending topics, from student adventures in Kenya and Ireland to the most common names of the Class of 2015 (Michael and Emma). I hope this special Vol. 107 Send Home edition of The Chronicle piques your interest. After all, everything we do up here in 301 Flowers, we do with you in mind. Three years ago, I came to Duke University wanting to contribute to the campus dialogue. I dabbled in a multitude of clubs and tried my hand at several courses. But The Chronicle has given me a way to impact this community in a meaningful way. I found my place nestled in the top floor of the Flowers building next to the Chapel. Although I know next year involves many late nights and an inconceivable amount of coffee, I could not be more excited to see what’s in store. Our first issue is hanging on the wall in my office, alongside only nine other issues that have marked Duke University in some way. That’s our contribution to campus—at least for now. You have four years here. So go ahead, make your mark.

Sanette Tanaka is a Trinity senior and editor of The Chronicle. You can reach her at

Becoming global citizens I believe it was Thomas Paine who once said, “The world is my country, all mankind are my brethren and to do good is my religion.” His words epitomize what it means to be a global citizen, and we live in a time when, far more than his own, we need to begin to live by them. It has become almost cliched to say that all human beings, regardless of race or religion, are essentially the same: paul horak We all share the same wants the road ahead and fears, a desire to belong, but also to be unique is well documented. In a sense we have always known this. In Homer’s “Iliad”—the first work in the Western canon—Priam begs Achilles for the return of his son Hector’s body, and the tears shed by both men speak to the universality of humanity. We have come a long way since Paine, and an even longer way since Homer. But we still do not fully embrace the point they make—that needs to change. Overcoming the challenges of the 21st century will require a truly global outlook: finishing off infectious diseases, controlling new technologies, preserving the environment, managing a slew of debt crises and balancing the world economy. These issues have a universal effect and cannot be resolved without concerted efforts from people and governments of all nations and backgrounds. By “global citizen” I do not mean a citizen of a world with only one government, but rather a person who is sensitive to global needs and willing to act on them. And this does not need to be to the exclusion of well-developed personal and national identities. Think of it this way: It is impossible to identify yourself as an American citizen and a Chinese citizen simultaneously because the two are mutually exclusive. They are not mutually exclusive because the people inhabiting both countries lack common interests, nothing could be farther from the truth. However, they are taught to look at themselves as part of either China or the United States. National citizenship is narrowly defined and self-serving. But global citizenship is far more inclusive: You can be born in the United States or China, but taught to value the differences in other places, in effect becoming more than just a citizen of one country. We need to start to teach our youngest generations to be open to more than just a globalized economy, but also to a truly global identity. I think that universities are the best places to start instilling global values in people, and many universities already do a tremendous job. Duke is one of them. But there are still aspects of global citizenship that students and universities alike need to further explore. I can think of four pillars of global education for the globally minded: travel, technology, the humanities and mentorship. Universities are uniquely positioned to provide the foundation for each of them. Study abroad and foreign language programs are essential as they nurture a sense of empathy and belonging. By encouraging people to travel, such programs can immerse students in the different ways of seeing and thinking about the world. The information revolution has made the world even smaller. And still many people draw a line between the use of technology and the classroom, as if the two were incompatible. This is especially true in primary and secondary education, but also within higher education to a surprising degree. Embracing technology is important because it serves to further connect us to others and also provides the key to improving lives everywhere. And the humanities and social sciences should not be left behind. A renewed focus needs to be put on these disciplines, not just science and mathematics. Science and math help us to solve technical problems, but the humanities express our common humanity, and the social sciences seek to explain human behavior. The truth is that most of our problems are self-inflicted—we need to know how we got here, and what steps we can take to avoid repeating our mistakes. Lastly, and I think this is especially important, universities should place more emphasis on mentorship. Having a personal connection in an increasingly impersonal world is the best way to ensure that people develop healthy outlooks on the world and their place in it. This kind of foundation has to be laid early, and all indications point to the college years as being the perfect time: at no other time is a person bombarded by more opportunities, assailed by more doubts and in greater need of a sense of belonging. Let us impress in our youth the idea that they belong to a global community, and one that they can make a difference in. Paul Horak is a Trinity junior.

B-20 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Beth El Synagogue 1004 Watts St., Durham


Durhamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s First Synagogue One block from Duke East Campus A Project Reconnect Congregation

Since 1887

Traditional Conservative Egalitarian congregation offering an Orthodox Kehillah

Rabbi Daniel Greyber Saturday morning Shabbat Services: Orthodox: 9:00am / Conservative: 9:45am Visit for more information

Students are welcome at all Shabbat and Holiday Services

BUDDHIST COMMUNITY @ DUKE Cultivating and Sharing Wisdom and Compassion


FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-21

The Pentecostals of Durham Invite You to Worship with Us Sunday School Morning Worship Evangelistic Tuesday (Word & Worship)

824 N. Buchanan Blvd. Durham, NC 27701 • 682-6030 block from East Campus

10:00 AM 10:50 AM 6:30 PM 7:30 PM

Worship with Holy Communion 8:30 & 11:00 am each Sunday 10 am Summer

Free Transportation $ call 477-6555 Call for information about our Spanish services

Special Music & Singing in Each Service

Lifting high the cross, to proclaim the love of Christ!

First Pentecostal Church 2008 W. Carver Street * Durham Johnny Godair, Pastor “Home of Old Time Religion”


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E-mail us: Call us: 919-684-6422 Facebook us: Jewish Life at Duke ss


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Grace Lutheran Church

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FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011 | B-23

Duke Basketball heads to China this August... And The Chronicle will be there to cover the action Follow The Chronicle for: —a first look at Austin Rivers, Quinn Cook and the rest of the incoming freshman class —exposure to Duke’s new campus in Kunshan —pre- and post-game analysis of the Blue Devils’ four games abroad, including a matchup with the UAE national team in Dubai Look for extra coverage in The Chronicle’s Welcome Back print edition on Friday, August 26 and in our First Day of Class special edition on Monday, August 29 The Duke Student Publishing Co. Inc. (DSPC), publishers of The Chronicle, have created the “China Challenge” to generate financial support for the $15,000 cost of sending a student reporter along on the trip. The Chronicle is a non-profit educational organization that is independent from Duke University and is supported by advertising in its publications and through contributions. The mission of DSPC is to be the primary source of news and analysis about the Duke community and to create leaders through journalism. For more information about DSPC or the “China Challenge,” you may contact David Rice at 919-684-0377 or

B-24 | FRIDAY, JULY 1, 2011


Exciting courses for area studies during Fall 2011 For more information please contact 668-2603


This seminar introduces to the students various aspects of visual culture. Beginning with workshops on narrative and non-fiction filmmaking, the course treats visuality and its production as the core of its inquiry. How is visuality different from a mere sensory facility of seeing? How is the visual filed constructed and what are, to quote John Berger, the different “ways of seeing”? This seminar poses crucial questions about visual culture from media such as film and photograph, to news and advertisement, from history to memory, from filmed operas to Lady Gaga’s music videos, and from art museums to shopping malls. The “truth” claim of vision—“seeing is believing”—is at once affirmed and challenged. Hands-on participation is emphasized, from screenings to workshops, from in-class activities to group presentations. Students’ active participation is key to the success of the course. Professor Guo-Juin Hong

*NEW* AMES 157 Chinese Im/Migration: Chinese Migrant Labor &Immigration to the US

This course presents a comparative examination of contemporary China’s “floating population” of migrant labor, together with the parallel phenomenon of Chinese immigration to the US. We will focus cultural representation of these phenomena-particularly literary, cinematic, and artistic works--but sociological, anthropological, economic, and political perspectives will also be considered. Topics include cultural alienation, marginalization, and assimilation; education and health care; labor and commodification; gender and ethnicity; narratives of modernization and development; together with the ethical, social, and political implications of migration. Professor Carlos Rojas

AMES 167 Trauma & Passion – Korean Culture

An examination of passion and trauma in recent Korean history, mainly through analyzing contemporary South Korean films. As one of the most thriving indigenous film industries outside Hollywood, South Korean cinema is considered to have successfully incorporated Hollywood aesthetics with domestically specific subject matters. Some of the most significant historical traumas include Japanese colonization, the Korean War, military dictatorship, civilian massacres, Western imperialism, and political upheavals. Also, deals with issues of national cinema and the relationship between nation and national identity. Professor Young Eun Chae

AMES 171 Japanese Cinema

This introductory course will look at Japanese cinema both ‘high’ and ‘low’: its status as narrative art form as well as popular social medium. In this course we will cover both a canonical history of cinema in Japan--from the silent era (benshi-narration) to its golden age auteurs (Mizoguchi, Ozu, Kurosawa, Naruse) and its various waves of New Wave directors (Oshima, Itami, Imamura, Kitano)—as well as look at the importance of specific genres: period drama (jidai-geki, samurai), documentary, J-horror and monster films, and anime. No prior knowledge of subject matter or Japanese language required. Professor Eileen Cheng-yin Chow

AMES 172S Chinese Literature in Translation

This course focuses on translated modernity in 20th century Chinese literature. The class begins with canonical writings in the earlier decades of the 1900s by authorial figures such as Lu Xun, Sheng Congwen and Mao Dun. The first part of the class explores a fictional realism of an era when “modernity” troubles the representation of “reality.” Following that, we explore the representation of 20th century Chinese history with the Cultural Revolution as a pivotal point in two noted novels, Yu Hua’s To live and Lillian Lee’s Farewell My Concubine, and their respective filmic adaptation by famed directors Zhang Yimou and Chen Kaige. This section casts the question of modernity on biographical writings and traumatic historical events, preparing us for the next section. The final section returns to two influential contemporary writers, Mo Yan and Su Tong, focusing on their masterpieces and pairing them with the filmic adaptations, to summarize our inquiries of modernity, history, gender, and literary forms in translation. Professor Guo-Juin Hong

AMES 173S/ 273S Gender Jihad: Women Islam & Arab Culture Feminism’s relationship to Islam during and after European colonialism. Sources of and responses to stereotypes of “oppressed Muslim women.” Examination of feminist literary and filmic projects in contemporary Muslim societies. Focus on women as producers of culture and as social critics. Professor miriam cooke

*NEW* AMES 195S.01 Modern Jewish Identity between Death and Mourning

Religious rites of passage—Circumcision, Bar-Mitzvah, Sitting Shiv’a—continue to play a central role for Jews, even as ever more reject every other aspect of the Jewish religion. Often, indeed, these rites remain as the only markers of one’s ties to Jewish tradition and history. This class looks into the role played by religion and, in particular, religious rites of passage, in molding and shaping the modern, so-called “secular” Jewish experience. Focusing on the conception of death, we will trace the changes in Jewish mourning from the 16th century on, and pay particular attention to the impact of the shocks of modernity and the historical transformation of the past one and a half century over rites of mourning. We will explore the vicissitude of these rites in ostensibly “secular” contexts though an engagement with a wide range of texts from the arts, the humanities, and the social sciences: music, poetry, prose fiction, feature films and television dramas, essayistic and philosophical writing, anthropological and sociological accounts, and more. Professor Shai Ginsburg

Check out our Language courses: Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, and Korean

CHN 195 Contemporary Chinese Culture: Narratives of Home and Abroad

In this course we will look at how major works in Chinese literature, film, and other cultural media have created the spectacle of “China” both at home and abroad; we will also hone our abilities to read, discuss, and write about Chinese content material of various sorts at an advanced level. Rather than follow a straight chronology or abide by strict geopolitical divisions, this course will proceed topically, centering around themes of home and abroad, ‘new’ and ‘old’, historical crisis points and their literary representations, popular genres with transnational appeal (martial arts, youth cultures), and new modalities of cultural expression (web-/text-based and ‘weibo’ microblog communities). Professor Eileen Cheng-yin Chow

KOR 184 Topics in Korean-II: Modern Korean Literature

The course focuses on reading and analysis of literary texts and essays in modern Korean, working toward a more nuanced understanding of contemporary Korean society and culture. We will closely read literary texts dealing with traumatic moments of modern Korean history, ramifications of rapid industrialization, urbanization and nostalgia for root and community, shifts in family values, life styles and gender roles, and continuity and discontinuity of class division. Emphasis will also be placed on practice with reflective and expressive writing based on the readings. Professor Hae-Young Kim

Also check out Slavic & Eurasian Studies

TUR 10 Turkish Language & Culture I

Turkish is a critical language that enables the study of the politics and culture of modern Turkey, a country bridging Europe and the Middle East. Students interested in European Union policy, Islam, the Ottoman Empire, or Central Asia are encouraged to enroll. Turkish is spoken in the Republic of Turkey and in parts of Bulgaria, Greece, areas of former Yugoslavia, and Cyprus. It is closely related to Azeri and Central Asian languages: Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Tatar, Turkmen, Uzbek, & Uighur. Recommended for students participating in Duke in Turkey & Duke in Istanbul programs and those interested in the Turkish Minor For more information contact Erda Göknar [] or Serhat Uyurkulak []

July 1, 2011 issue  

July 1, 2011 issue of The Chronicle

July 1, 2011 issue  

July 1, 2011 issue of The Chronicle