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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y

friday, november 5, 2010

ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTH YEAR, Issue 50

www.dukechronicle.com

Execs discuss incentives for new energy

Highly rated recruit Cook picks Duke

Time for lift-off

by Carmen Augustine

by Taylor Doherty

After Fuqua student Willem Fadrhon wrote a prize-winning essay on the future of energy, three energy executives gathered at the University Thursday evening to discuss the future of their industry. Much of the discussion revolved around finding economic incentives to promote sustainable energy. Michael Elliott, the event’s moderator and an editor for Time and Fortune, began the discussion by asking how the industry could encourage consumers to “play the game” by being more energy efficient and taking advantage of new technologies. Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cree Charles Swoboda said people would have more incentive to develop energy-efficient habits if they could see a direct and immediate benefit in doing so. He added that although people understand the rationale behind investing today in more expensive light bulbs that will last longer and save them money in the long run, many will still often choose the cheaper option. “We don’t do it because today I think we’ve wasted too much time making it an

A top recruit who calls senior guard Nolan Smith his “big brother” will join the Blue Devils next year. Five-star recruit Quinn Cook will join the Duke Basketball program next year, he announced on ESPNU Thursday afternoon. Cook is the No. 20 recruit and the fourthranked point guard in the Class of 2011, accordQuinn Cook ing to Scout.com. He will graduate from Oak Hill Academy in the Spring and chose Duke after narrowing his search down to the Blue Devils and UCLA. Cook is a long-time friend of Smith, whom he met at a basketball tournament more than 10 years ago, said Cook’s mother, Janet. Cook and Smith were both competing in tournaments for their respective age groups when some of the parents on Cook’s team began to complain that he received more playing time. When Cook got upset, Smith supported him, and the two have been friends since that day.

THE CHRONICLE

THE CHRONICLE

margie truwit/The Chronicle

The Blue Devils’ regular season begins Nov. 14. They hope their postseason will end in Houston, the site of 2011’s Final Four. See more in the ACC Preview inside this issue of The Chronicle.

See energy on page 12

See cook on page 6

Kiser estate donates historic sum to pediatrics dept. by Ashley Mooney THE CHRONICLE

Melissa Yeo/The Chronicle

A $17.2 million donation will allow Duke’s Department of Pediatrics to expand research and training programs for future physicians.

‘SmartHat’ may prevent construction-related deaths, Page 3

The School of Medicine’s Department of Pediatrics has received $17.2 million as a gift through the Kiser estate— the largest donation in the department’s history. Dr. Glenn Kiser and his late wife, Muriel, were long-time benefactors of Duke Children’s Hospital and Health Center. The gift will fund the Kiser-Arena Endowed Professorship in Pediatrics and two Glenn A. Kiser and Eltha Muriel Kiser Endowed Professorships in addition to establishing the Kiser Scholars Program. The named professorships are for leaders in pediatric education and research, while the Kiser Scholars Program will provide an endowment to retain and provide resources for researchers and educational initiatives. The Kisers’ gift will affect countless lives, Dr. Joseph St. Geme III, chair of the Department of Pediatrics, wrote in an e-mail. “This gift will position the Department of Pediatrics to expand research programs and train future physicians in a wide range of complex children’s health problems,” he wrote. “We are excited about the opportunity it presents to recruit new faculty, fuel research funding and to continue our training programs for future specialists in children’s health.”

Glenn Kiser, who passed away in 2009, was a pediatrician in several locations, including the Children’s Hospital, and his wife was an elementary school teacher. As dedicated members of the Duke community, it came as no surprise that Duke’s pediatrics department would be remembered in the Kisers’ will, said Susan Glenn, executive director of development at Duke Children’s Hospital. “We had no idea of the magnitude of the gift,” she said. Kiser’s dedication to Duke began when he graduated from the School of Medicine in 1941, and he then completed his residency training in pediatrics at Duke in 1947. He spent a major part of his career as a pediatrician for the Children’s Hospital. Throughout his career, Kiser helped conceptualize and advocate for childproof safety caps for containers, preventing children from being poisoned by lye and other household chemicals. In addition to working at Duke Children’s Hospital, Kiser opened and operated a pediatrics practice in Salisbury, N.C. and later served as chief of pediatrics and chief of staff at Rowan Regional Medical Center. Kiser and his wife have a history of philanthropy. In 1994, they donated $1 million to Duke Children’s Hospital

ONTHERECORD

“I’m not sure I see politics and religion as such separate spheres where you either invest in one or invest in another,”

­—Dean of the Chapel Sam Wells on faith. See story page 4

See donation on page 5

Off-campus housing lottery system may change, Page 3


2 | friDAY, november 5, 2010 the chronicle

worldandnation onschedule...

“Cicero in Mourning” Allen 226, 5:15-6:15p.m. Princeton professor Robert Kaster discusses Cicero’s two great personal traumas, and the stories that he made of them as therapy.

on the

Awaaz Page Auditorium, 7-10p.m. Come see Speak of the Devil, Duke Irish Dance, Defining Movement and more! Proceeds donated to flood relief in Pakistan.

5842

SATURDAY:

5532

Hercules: The Singalong Bryan Center Griffith Theater, 11:55-1L55p.m. This Disney classic is the penultimate singalong session of the semester.

web

“I receive dozens of e-mails every week more or less written in this format: “I feel very upset about _________. It amazes me students on this campus are capable of ______. This is a reflection of deeper cultural issues like __________.” Most are well written and fairly insightful. Many run in the paper, and deservedly so.” — From The Chronicle News Blog bigblog.dukechronicle.com

Tom Shales/The Washington Post

Jellyfish in Jellyfish Lake, Palau, float in the clear water. Jellywish glide near the surface during the day and sink 45 feet down into the depths at night. These jellyfish were filmed as part of National Geographic’s new program, “Great Migration,” which according to its description is centered around animals that live in “perpetual motion.” It will air for one hour each Sunday this November.

TODAY:

I love life because what more is there. — Anthony Hopkins

tion Atten ear first-y s… nt stude

TODAY IN HISTORY

1968: Richard Nixon elected president.

Did you know that you can apply to become a Robertson Scholar?

The Robertson Scholars Program invites you to an open information session to learn more about this opportunity! Choose from one of two sessions:

Sunday, Nov. 7 at 4PM White Lecture Hall on East Campus Wednesday, Nov. 10 at 5PM Von Canon A/B • Meet members of the program staff • Discuss program benefits and expectations • Review important information about the application process

Please join us! Learn more at www.robertsonscholars.org, or contact Kristin Miller, miller@robertsonscholars.org.

Two House Democrats Saudi prince refuses talks want Pelosi to step down with Israel over Arab Land A pair of House Democrats publicly called on Speaker Nancy Pelosi to step down from the leadership Thursday and others suggested the same privately, as the California Democrat hunkered down in the Capitol to mull over her future. Pelosi made no public appearances as speculation swirled as to whether she would run for minority leader following the largest midterm rout in more than 70 years. Rep. Heath Shuler, D-N.C., said Tuesday’s election results were so bad that Democrats need a new leader who can recruit top-notch candidates in the conservative-leaning districts where the party suffered its steepest losses. “We weren’t successful with me as quarterback, so I lost my job,” said Shuler, a former Washington Redskins quarterback whose team won four games and lost nine with him as a starter.

off the

wire...

Saudi Arabia will refuse to “directly or indirectly engage Israel” until it leaves all land captured during the 1967 Six-Day War, a leading member of the Saudi royal family said Thursday, dashing any hopes the Obama administration might have had for rapprochement before a final peace deal. “For us to take any steps toward any form of normalization with the Israeli state before these Arab lands have been returned to their rightful legitimate owners would undermine international law and turn a blind eye to immorality,” Prince Turki al-Faisal, the former Saudi ambassador to the United States, said in a speech at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Turki, though out of government, is considered a candidate to succeed his ailing brother, Saud al-Faisal, as foreign minister.

Obama’s Asia trip to focus on foreign policy


the chronicle

friDAY, november 5, 2010 | 3

campus council

Group aims to alter off-campus housing lottery by Nicole Kyle THE CHRONICLE

that uses radio frequency identification technology to pick up signals from wireless transmitters in heavy equipment used on construction sites. This microprocessor is fastened to the top of a hard hat and is dubbed SmartHat. The device beeps with increasing frequency as workers get closer to nearby equipment. The SmartHat can also distinguish between the

After only 66 out of 220 juniors were granted off-campus housing last week, Campus Council discussed ways to improve the housing lottery Thursday night. The council voted with one abstention to pass a resolution asking Residence Life and Housing Services to assign lottery numbers in the Spring before students go abroad. Students who wish to live off campus for the second half of their junior year are currently required to enter the offcampus housing lottery midway through Fall. Most students who request to enter the off-campus housing lottery are juniors studying abroad, said M.J. Williams, director of housing accommodations, administration and finance for RLHS. “The problem is, many students have already placed down payments on off-campus apartments by the time they find out they have not been granted an exemption,” said sophomore Cristy de Obaldia, an at-large member of the council who gave the presentation on the off-campus housing lottery. “[And] students end up losing these down payments.” RLHS determines who can live off campus through a series of calculations, de Obaldia said, adding that RLHS must ensure that all campus beds are filled before granting students off-campus privileges. Although RLHS cannot grant everyone housing exemptions, de Obaldia said this resolution will try to make the lottery process more convenient for students living abroad. The resolution recommends that RLHS begin these calculations earlier, so it can give students an earlier and more

See smarthat on page 5

See campus council on page 6

courtesy of jochen teizer

The SmartHat is equipped with a silicon microprocessor that can pick up signals from wireless transmitters in nearby construction equipment. As workers approach, the hat beeps with increasing frequency, but is dormant around equipment workers are using.

Engineers devise ‘SmartHat’ to prevent construction accidents by Amanda Young THE CHRONICLE

A technology developed by Duke engineers aims to prevent accidents involving construction parts and equipment, which caused more than 800 deaths in 2009, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Matt Reynolds, a researcher in electrical and computer engineering, has worked for three years with several other engineers on developing a silicon microprocessor

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4 | friDAY, november 5, 2010 the chronicle

Study examines interplay GOP gains cause Obama to of faith in religion, politics shift approach on climate by Tong Xiang THE CHRONICLE

Duke students disheartened by the midterm election results may soon renew their religious faith. During times of uncertainty, people seek structure and become increasingly dedicated to religion or politics, according to a November study co-authored by Aaron Kay, an associate professor at the Fuqua School of Business. “We showed that when your faith in an interventionist god gets shaken, you place more faith in government, [and] when your faith in government is shaken either by experimental manipulation or by an election, you’re more likely to put your faith in a controlling deity,” said co-author Adam Galinsky, a professor at the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. In their paper titled “For God (or) Country: The Hydraulic Relation Between Government Instability and Belief in Religious Sources of Control,” the authors use the physical metaphor of a hydraulic system—in which force at one point is transferred to another by a fluid—to conceptualize the way people transfer beliefs from one institution to another. Methodologically, researchers influenced the faith of Canadian and Malaysian subjects by having them read essays advocating for or against an interventionist god based on support from physicists. Researchers used a similar method to affect confidence in government, timing their studies to elections. Published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, the article builds upon a body of research into general human agency. “One of the central animating forces governing psychology is having a sense of agency over the predictable world,” Galinsky said. “When that sense of control is somehow violated or taken away, people go to a great level of mental gymnastics to try and preserve it, establishing patterns with things like conspiracy theories.” This mental flexibility may be derived from

the overlap in people’s perceptions of the two institutions. Religion and politics are not mutually exclusive, said Dean of the Chapel Sam Wells. “I’m not sure I see politics and religion as such separate spheres where you either invest in one or invest in another,” Wells said. “Both involve the discernment of the best use of resources for the common good—either tax dollars or the Holy Spirit.” One of the study’s implications is that religious extremism may be more prevalent in states perceived to have weak governments. “Although there are undoubtedly multiple causes of religious belief, one cause may be that when people perceive their government as unstable, they turn to God or other religious See faith on page 5

by Juliet Eilperin and Steven Mufson THE washington post

Can the administration fight climate change without stressing climate change? The new Congress will usher in an unprecedented number of lawmakers who question the link between human activity and global warming. As a result, the Obama administration is abandoning its two-year quest to convince the public and lawmakers that global warming is a matter of scientific urgency. Instead, the president is talking about nuclear power use, natural gas exploitation and sales of electric cars. In his news conference Wednesday, President Barack Obama said the cap-

and-trade approach to limiting greenhouse gas emissions that his administration had advocated “was just one way of skinning the cat; it was not the only way. It was a means, not an end.” A White House official said energy would remain a top priority for the administration but would be packaged differently. “I think you’ll see in the next few weeks the administration say, ‘Okay, you may not necessarily agree with the science on climate change, you may not see tackling greenhouse gases as a real priority, but what we can all agree on is creating jobs and investing in a cleanenergy economy that’s going to leave See climate on page 12

Just Google it

Audrey Adu-Appiah/The Chronicle

Jonathan Perelman, Industry Relations Manager at Google, discussed career paths and the bridge between advertising, business and public policy at Duke Friday.


the chronicle

friDAY, november 5, 2010 | 5

Two House Democrats call on Pelosi to leave leadership by Paul Kane

THE washington post

A pair of House Democrats publicly called on Speaker Nancy Pelosi to step down from the leadership Thursday and others suggested the same privately, as the California Democrat hunkered down in the Capitol to mull over her future. Pelosi made no public appearances as speculation swirled as to whether she would run for minority leader following the largest midterm rout in more than 70 years. Rep. Heath Shuler, D-N.C., said Tuesday’s election results were so bad that Democrats need a new leader who can recruit top-notch candidates in the conservative-leaning districts where the party suffered its steepest losses. “We weren’t successful with me as quarterback, so I lost my job,” said Shuler, a former Washington Redskins quarterback whose team won four games and lost nine with him as a starter. “She’s so smart she recognizes that it will be difficult to recruit the candidates she needs to win back the House,” added Shuler, a member of the conservative Blue Dog Coalition that was decimated by more than two dozen losses Tuesday. Rep. Jim Matheson, D-Utah, another moderate, also called for a new direction. “We need to shake things up,” he said in an interview with Bloomberg News. Some liberals who consider themselves Pelosi backers also think she needs to step aside, given the thousands of campaign commercials that helped turn her into one of the nation’s most unpopular politicians. The most common ad feature that Republicans used against Democratic incumbents highlighted how often the lawmaker voted with Pelosi, who was almost always shown in grainy images. “She’s been demonized unfairly, this wasn’t her agenda, it was an agenda supported by lots of people, including myself,” said one liberal House Democrat, who spoke on the

donation from page 1 for the construction of the McGovern-Davison Building. “He and his wife both felt a strong responsibility to the community and were leading philanthropists in North Carolina,” St. Geme said. Many of the people who currently work in the pediatrics department never had the opportunity to meet the distinguished pediatrician. “I wish that I had known Dr. Kiser as he was obviously a remarkable man who was very talented and very generous,”

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condition of anonymity to criticize Pelosi, whom he considers a friend. “It wouldn’t be good for her or the party [to remain in the leadership], and this is from someone who loves her.” Pelosi on Thursday made comments only to progressive media outlets. “I’ve gotten a positive response, but I haven’t gone to a place where I’ve made a decision about that. Only today have I even looked at messages or anything that relate to me,” she told the Huffington Post, suggesting that she would begin talking in earnest Thursday night to lawmakers about what she should do with her future. On Wednesday, she met with House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, Md., her likely successor, and other members of her leadership team. Sources familiar with the talks said she gave no hint of her intentions. As Republicans laid out a conservative agenda for next year, congressional Democrats were left to wonder when a decision would come from Pelosi, creating a sense of paralysis about which direction the caucus was headed. Some liberals are reluctant to support Hoyer, who has served as Pelosi’s deputy for eight years, because he is more closely aligned with moderates. There is no consensus alternative to Hoyer, however, as most of the other liberal Democrats either do not have enough seniority or played a role in the party’s unsuccessful campaign. In the Senate, Democrats prepared for a scaled-down vision of what they can accomplish with a leadership team that will remain almost exactly the same, following Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid’s re-election in Nevada. Pinning most of the blame on the economy, some Democrats also faulted President Barack Obama’s political operation. See pelosi on page 12

Associate Chair of the Department of Pediatrics Dr. Thomas Kinney, Trinity ’66 and Med ’70, wrote in an e-mail. “He truly had a deep affection for Duke and Duke Pediatrics.” According to a Duke release, the Kisers gained their wealth by early investment in Food Lion, Inc., when it was still a local grocery store. It was through the company’s success that the Kisers were able to fund their philanthropic activities. “He was a wonderful community member, but he was very unassuming. He lived very modestly,” Glenn said. “You would have met him and never would have realized that he was a multimillionaire. He was a true philanthropist.”

smarthat from page 3 equipment a worker is operating and other equipment on site, warning workers accordingly. “If the hat belongs to the driver of the bulldozer, the hat won’t beep when the driver nears the equipment,” said Stewart Thomas, a graduate researcher at Duke who has worked with Reynolds to develop prototypes of the SmartHat since 2008. “However, if [another] worker gets close to a bulldozer, his hat will beep.” The device can also be set to only beep when equipment is traveling in the direction of the worker wearing the hat and does not require a battery for use. “Many construction workers, such as miners, work in places of cold temperature,” Reynolds said. “Batteries go dead in cold temperature. Since the [SmartHat] device does not use a battery, the device can run forever.” The project started in 2007, when Reynolds visited the Georgia Institute of Technology and met with Jochen Teizer, a researcher at the university’s School of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Teizer was interested in construction safety, and Reynolds mentioned his interest in wireless power transferring technology. They decided to combine their efforts and developed a proposal for the SmartHat project, which was approved for funding by the National Science Foundation in 2008. Since then, they have continued working to improve the technology. Recently, Teizer conducted a trial with 149 construction workers and said that they expressed enthusiasm for the project. “The device still needs to become a bit smaller,” Teizer said. “Ultimately, it should be integrated into the hard hat, and then it could be the perfect solution.” Reynolds and Teizer plan to continue improving the device and conduct a bigger field trial. The project has already attracted the interest of several construction companies, and Reynolds and Teizer hope that with more improvements interest will continue to increase. “Big companies have an interest in this technology because they have a lot of different problems with accidents,” Teizer said. “The incentive of this product is that it can warn workers, save lives, prevent injuries and save the costs associated with the accidents.”

faith from page 4 deities to fulfill a need for order and control in their lives,” Kay said in an Oct. 27 press release. This follows, said Dean Wells, because the implicit objectives of both politics and religion are the same. “In some ways the political approaches that dominate American political life are rife with theologies, because theologies wrestle with what is fundamentally wrong with the world and what fundamentally makes it better.”


6 | friDAY, november 5, 2010 the chronicle

campus council from page 3 accurate estimation of whether they will be able to live off campus, de Obaldia added. “The biggest thing here is Campus Council’s responsibility to improve the residential experience of its constituents, [and] to make it easier for students to plan,” said Campus Council President Stephen Temple, a senior. “It doesn’t hurt RLHS for students to know more in advance if they have a better shot of being released from their on-campus requirement. This will give a little more notice.” Temple noted that RLHS’s prediction is not a guarantee, but he hopes that this strategy will give students more time to plan properly and limit the number of surprises. In other business: Facilities and Services Chair Douglas Hanna, a sophomore, gave an update

about the committee’s upcoming projects, which include a laundry-monitoring system, residence hall maps and improved lighting around West and Central campuses, Hanna said. He added that Dyson airblade hand-dryers will be installed in Blackwell Dormitory as part of a pilot program to reduce the University’s consumption of paper towels. Hanna added that a reverse vending machine is expected to be installed in Wannamaker Dormitory by the end of the month, and a photo machine is expected to be installed on the ground floor of McClendon Tower soon. Hanna also announced that an Oasis-like space will be created on the third floor of McClendon Tower below Bella Union. The Facilities and Services Committee has already looked into ordering massage chairs and approved art work and paint for the space. “All the ducks are kind of already in a row for this, so this will be done soon,” he said.

courtney douglas/The Chronicle

Campus Council met Thursday to discuss changing the current off-campus housing lottery system. Campus Council hopes to make the lottery system more convenient for students studying abroad.

cook from page 1 “I met him when I was five years old at an AAU tournament,” Cook said. “We definitely became close, and it’s like we’ve lived the same life. We’ve lost our fathers, we’re with our moms and sisters our whole life, [then] Oak Hill and we’re going to Duke.” Smith will graduate this spring, so the pair will not get the chance to play with each other. However, Smith played a major role in Quinn’s recruitment, Janet Cook said. “What Nolan was and is is a confidant and an adviser,” Janet Cook said. “[Quinn] saw Nolan as he went through the good times, but he was there when Nolan was going through the bad times—he saw the whole metamorphosis.... I can’t explain the friendship slash brotherhood but it’s unbelievable.” Initially, Janet said she thought that there were too many guards in the Duke program and that UCLA was “a better fit for him.” In fact, Cook likely would have been the Bruins’ starting point guard from the outset. During his visit to Duke, however, Cook was not promised a starting slot or a certain number of minutes, but Janet said head coach Mike Krzyzewski told Cook he will have a major role on the team. “He used the term that Quinn is a great ‘floor general,’ a great leader,” Janet Cook said. “[Krzyzewski] said he is one of the best point guards he has ever seen.”

Cook will have to battle for every minute he plays as a freshman considering the crowded backcourt. But, the depth at his position will provide exceptional competition on a day-to-day basis on the practice court. “I love competition,” Cook said. “Now I know I can go somewhere where every day in practice I’m going against a top player.” During his official visit that coincided with Countdown to Craziness, a second-year event that kicks off the Blue Devils’ season, Cook spent time with other 2011 commits, including Austin Rivers, the nation’s top recruit. Cook said the event helped him understand what it is like to be a basketball player at Duke. “It definitely shows the fan support,” Cook said. “It shows how the city of Durham loves Duke basketball. If it’s a recruiting tool, it definitely worked on me.” Quinn is the fourth player in recent years to join the Blue Devil program after playing AAU basketball for DC Assault, an elite high school team based in the nation’s capital coached by Smith’s stepfather, Curtis Malone. In addition to Smith, freshmen Tyler Thornton and Josh Hairston played for the program. Janet said when Smith leaves the program, her son hopes to carry on his legacy. “Nolan is a winner, Josh and Tyler are winners and I think I’m a winner as well,” Quinn said. “We work hard as well, and Coach K sees that­—winners and workers.”

Visit dukechronicle.com

“Inside Duke Basketball”

A Special Night with Coach K Wednesday, November 10, at 5 p.m. Benefiting The Emily K Center • Observe team practice in Cameron Indoor Stadium • Tour the new Duke Basketball Museum and Athletics Hall of Fame • Dine in Scharf Hall along with Coach Mike Krzyzewski • Participate in a question and answer with the basketball experts • All in the company of former players Jay Bilas and Chris Carrawell The Emily K Center, a learning center in downtown Durham, serves high potential, economically disadvantaged students from K to College as they develop academic skills while advancing character and leadership.

Inside Duke Basketball tickets are $250 per ticket and are on sale at the Emily K Center by calling (919) 680-0308, ext.1006; emailing tharvey@emilyk.org; or visiting www.emilyk.org.


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DUKE UVA

men’s Soccer

Duke faces Wake on Senior Night

WALLACE WADE • SATURDAY • 12 p.m.

Renfree, Duke back on track

by Bo Triplett THE CHRONICLE

Duke will look to honor its seven departing seniors by accumulating a home win for each one, as they possess six home victories entering tonight’s contest against Wake Forest (8-7-2, 4-2-1 in the ACC). The Blue Devils’ regular season finale­—tonight Wake at 7 p.m.­ in KoskiForest nen Stadium­—will vs. also serve as Senior Night, saying farewell Duke to seven outstanding leaders who have acFRIDAY, 7 p.m. cumulated a 43-27-7 Koskinen Stadium record over the past four years. Redshirt-senior Matt Thomas said the game will be important and getting a win will not be easy. “Wake has had our number, taking wins in the last three matchups,” Thomas said. Duke’s most recent win over Wake came in a 1-0 overtime victory in the 2006 ACC Tournament. The team has worked hard on the training pitch all year, especially as the season has progressed. Thomas explained that possession has been the key factor in the Blue Devils’ recent winning performances. “Possession has been huge. We have worked a lot with team shape helping the forwards to make runs,” he said. The No. 21 Blue Devils (8-4-4, 2-3-2) head into tonight’s game with a solid record in preparation for the ACC and NCAA Tournaments; however, the Blue Devils know they cannot be complacent. See WAKE on page 8

ted knudsen/Chronicle file Photo

Matt Thomas is one of seven players who will be recognized on the Blue Devils’ Senior Night.

Duke faces in-state foes with first place in the conference on the line Field hockey falls short against UVA in the first round of the ACC Tournament

by Laura Keeley THE CHRONICLE

Duke found itself up only six points at halftime after Jahn scored 13 points on 6-of-8 shooting in the first 20 minutes. But the Blue Devils did what they’re likely to do many times this season when they’re struggling­—they turned to their star, Kyle Singler. Despite scoring only two points in the first half, Singler was fed the ball early in the second half. The senior hit a face-up jumper right out of the locker room and drew a foul behind the 3-point arc on Duke’s next possession. After hitting all three free throws, the Blue Devils quickly had regained a double-digit lead. And it was also Singler who fueled the decisive run of the game midway through the final period. Soon after scoring a fastbreak putback to put Duke up by 17, Singler stole the ball, maintained possession with an impressive behind-the-back dribble and hit fellow senior Nolan Smith with a pass upcourt, who then found a streaking Ryan Kelly for a thunderous alley-oop. The very next possession, Singler again single-handedly stopped the Broncos, this time with a block that led to another fastbreak and alley-oop

Quarterback Sean Renfree’s performance against Navy last week was remarkable for several reasons. His passing game was nearly perfect, finishing 28-of-30 and completing 93 percent of his throws to set a new Duke single-game record for pass completion percentage. He also ran for more touchdowns than he threw for the first time in his life, he said. And one more thing—his coaches and teammates actually saw him smile. “Sean doesn’t show a lot of emotion at all,” head coach David Cutcliffe said. “And I saw two or three times about as big a grin on his face during the game as I’ve seen. I went over and told him, ‘That’s something you need to remember.’ It’s OK to smile during a football game. I want him to have fun, relax a little bit and play the game.” If Renfree can continue to make smart throws and protect the football in the recently-simplified passing attack, he and the rest of the Blue Devils (2-6, 0-4 in the ACC) will have plenty to smile about as they take on Virginia (4-4, 1-3) Saturday at noon at Wallace Wade Stadium. Renfree said that his recent struggles had him feeling more nervous before last week’s game. Thanks to a pared-down passing game designed to reduce pressure on the quarterback by allowing him to make short, quick throws, he was able to make better decisions and avoid interceptions. Renfree said he learned during the past few weeks that he cannot make throws based on what he thinks—he has to make decisions based on what he sees. The shift in focus for the passing game to quicker short-yardage throws forces both Renfree and his receivers to know where the ball is going before the snap. This also takes the pressure off of Renfree to force plays by making “spectacular” throws. Those short screen throws, while not as highlight reel-worthy as longer completions, are the most crucial throws that a quarterback can make, Cutcliffe said. “The most important throw—from an accuracy standpoint—you make is laying the ball off,” he said. “If you’re accurate with the football on layoffs, you’re going to gain 3 or 4 more yards on every one of those plays.”

See POMONA on page 8

See UVA on page 8

tracy huang/The Chronicle

Nolan Smith was one of five players in double figures in Duke’s final exhibition against Cal Poly Pomona.

men’s basketball

Blue Devils outlast Cal Poly Pomona by Scott Rich THE CHRONICLE

Nate James was furious. With Kyrie Irving at the free throw line, No. 1 Duke was up only one point and had been generally outplayed two minutes into its final exhibition contest against defending Division II national champion Cal Poly Pomona. 60 CPP Despite posDUKE 81 sessing superior size, the Plumlee brothers were being outplayed in the paint by the Broncos’ lone post threat, 6-foot-9 Tobias Jahn. And Jahn had just made the younger Plumlee look unprepared defensively on back-toback possessions. James certainly wasn’t going to let Mason get away with it. “Stand tall!” James screamed at the sophomore forward. It might have taken longer than expected, but Mason and the Blue Devils finally did just that, using a second-half run to defeat Cal Poly Pomona 81-60. “You have to play tougher. We weren’t being strong, and we weren’t playing good defense,” head coach Mike Krzyzewski said.


8 | friDAY, november 5, 2010 the chronicle

FIELD Hockey

UVA bests Duke again in ACC Tournament opener by Danny Nolan THE CHRONICLE

The ACC Tournament started and ended for Duke Thursday afternoon, as 2 UVA the Blue Devils lost first round DUKE 1 their game 2-1 to the Virginia Cavaliers. Third-seeded Virginia (16-2) defeated sixth-seeded Duke for the second time in six days after the Blue Devils fell in a downto-the-wire contest at Jack Katz Stadium Saturday. Thursday’s win proved no easier for the Cavaliers. Virginia’s Elly Buckley scored in the 19th minute, and the Cavaliers held their 1-0 lead into halftime. Tara Puffenberger notched another goal for Virginia in the 42nd minute to establish a two-goal edge in the second half. Down the stretch, though, Duke (8-11) showed the tenacity it has demonstrated all season, closing the gap to one goal when Susan Ferger tipped in an errant shot with less than two minutes remaining in the game. Head coach Beth Bozman was impressed with the team’s effort down the stretch. “We had multiple freshmen in the lineup and a young squad overall,” Bozman said. “We could have rolled over and given up, but we fought and fought and fought, and it really shows the desire of this team.”

POMONA from page 7 from Irving to Smith. Singler finished with 12 points in just nine minutes of second-half action, and Duke was on its way to a victory. “He’s the best man on our team, so we definitely had to give him the ball,” Irving said. “Two points in the first half is unacceptable.... I mean, he’s Kyle Singler.” While Singler broke out in the second half, Irving was the one Blue Devil who consistently impressed throughout the contest. He finished with 13 points, five assists, only two turnovers and a plethora of highlight-reel plays. On one play, Irving split two defenders, sidestepped another and wrapped a pass to Josh Hairston around a final one for an easy layup. “I never really think about plays like that,” Irving said. “I play on instinct.” But despite the victory and the positive performances from the Blue Devils’ stars,

As it has been much of the year for Duke, defense was the theme in the game, with very few offensive opportunities presenting themselves to either team. The statistics reflected the closeness of the game, as the Cavaliers outshot the Blue Devils just 9-7 overall, while Duke led the way 5-4 in shots on goal. This was the eighth game this season that the Blue Devils lost by one goal. Duke was an underdog going into the contest, as No. 3 Virginia proved to be one of the best teams in the country this season. Playing a highly-ranked opponent was not new territory for the Blue Devils; Duke played the NCAA’s most difficult schedule this year. “This is a team that played the toughest schedule in the country, with probably the youngest team in the country, and the team never quit,” Bozman said. With the season coming to a close, the team will lose key seniors Sarah Schoffstall and Susan Ferger. “They were the most unselfish and teamcommitted athletes I’ve ever coached,” Bozman said. “They gave effort to do anything for the team.” Bozman praised the play of her team throughout the season and encouraged others to do the same. “Anyone who’s a Duke fan should be proud of the effort this team gave this season,” she said. there were still signs of concern, particularly in the post. Duke was outrebounded by the undersized Broncos 23-17 in the first half, as Cal Poly Pomona pulled down 11 offensive boards. “We just weren’t being aggressive going after balls, and when we had our hands on balls we weren’t bringing it in,” Mason said. “That just can’t happen. We’ve got to be stronger.” Still, Krzyzewski knew that there would be bumps in the road as his team developed this season, despite the cascade of preseason hype raining down on the Blue Devils. He made it quite clear: this team isn’t perfect. “We’re going to be a developing team. We’re not going to hold anyone scoreless, we’re going to be down in games, we’re going to look bad, and overall we’re going to try to get better,” Krzyzewski said. “I’ve got a team that has to develop. This was a very good game for us.... This game will help us become better.”

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UVA from page 7 Those throws may not be as available against Virginia. Navy dropped eight defenders back in coverage, leaving only three men up front to protect against the screen passes. Renfree expects a different look from the Cavaliers’ defense, including more blitz packages. His game plan, though, largely will remain the same. “I imagine Virginia will try to beat me up a little bit,” Renfree said. “Try and make me force throws, but, like I said, it’s making smarter decisions when it’s not clearly there, throw it away, run, do something else with it instead of forcing throws and forcing interceptions.” By protecting the football and not committing any turnovers—a statistic Renfree said he was more proud of than his final completion percentage— he was able to build confidence heading into this week’s matchup. As the natural leader of the squad, Renfree saw his improvement reflected in the entire team’s performance. “When he’s on, I wouldn’t rather have any other quarterback in the nation,”

WAKE from page 7 “We know [Wake Forest is] coming to play,” head coach John Kerr said. Kerr went on to explain that the team knows the attitude it needs to win this game. “We have put ourselves out there all season. We have to keep each other motivated and be brave,” Kerr said. Duke has shown its bravery all season with one of the toughest schedules in the country. The Blue Devils’ second straight win came in a 6-1 road victory over Virginia Tech last Saturday, as sophomore forward Ryan Finley netted a hat trick. On the other hand, the Demon Deacons are sporting a three-game win streak, most recently defeating Davidson 2-0 Tuesday.

said Cooper Helfet, who was named the ACC’s offensive lineman of the week after catching a season-high seven passes against the Midshipmen. “We just have to get him a couple easy, nice completions early, get him rolling, and take it from there.” The Blue Devils have had success against Virginia during Cutcliffe’s tenure, beating the Cavaliers in each of their past two meetings. If Renfree and company can make it three in a row, it will be the first win in November for Duke since Cutcliffe took over before the 2008 season. The timing of Virginia’s visit, though, is less than ideal. Just as the Blue Devils faced Navy after a big win at Notre Dame, Virginia comes into the matchup after knocking off then-No. 22 Miami. Additionally, Duke’s offense is ”pretty beat up,” Cutcliffe said, with running back Josh Snead and tight end Brett Huffman out with injuries and wide receiver Austin Kelly doubtful with a head injury. Helfet said that while the team is aware of its untimely scheduling, all that matters is that the Blue Devils execute their game. “We’re coming off a big win, too,” he said. “If we play as well as we can play, we are a strong force to contend with.”

Finley leads the Blue Devils’ attacking front along with senior Cole Grossman and junior Christopher Tweed-Kent. The FinleyGrossman striking pair have combined for 24 goals, supplemented by Tweed-Kent’s 11 assists. On the defensive end, sophomore keeper James Belshaw has been outstanding at Koskinen Stadium this season, helping Duke maintain a home record of 6-1-2. The red-hot Demon Deacons are battling to finish the season over .500 to solidify their eligibility for the NCAA Tournament. Andy Lubahn and Luca Gimenez have been superb for Wake Forest, scoring a combined 12 goals. Tonight’s game promises to be a battle of wills between a Duke squad eager to send its seniors off with one last home victory and a Wake Forest team scrapping to ensure a bid in the College Cup.

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Answer to puzzle


the chronicle

friDAY, november 5, 2010 | 9

Diversions Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

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The Chronicle

10 | friDAY, november 5, 2010

Social groups must change social culture E-mail invitations to Hal- basis—generally members of loween-themed fraternity sororities—recognize their miparties were found printed sogynistic and offensive tone as out and posted on fliers commonplace, driven by frateracross campus Sunday morn- nities’ attempts to continually ing, sparking a debate about push the envelope and one-up gender issues each other. Perand Duke’s sohaps the largest editorial cial scene. campus cultural Fraternities typically uti- problem at stake is the fact that lize blast e-mails or “social so many women say they have listservs” to invite women become desensitized to this to their parties. Invites are type of unacceptable dialogue. intended to be satirical but “This is the kind of thing they often include sexist I’ve come to expect from frajokes that refer to women ternities. In my heart, I know as “sluts” or worse. The two it’s a problem but I’ve really e-mails plastered across cam- gotten used to it,” senior Empus were invitations to late- ily Fausch, secretary of Delta night after-parties hosted by Delta Delta sorority told The Sigma Nu fraternity and the Chronicle this week. off-campus, unrecognized AlWe commend the anonypha Delta Phi fraternity. mous individuals who posted Women who receive invita- these fliers across campus for tions like these on a regular their bold action in exposing

onlinecomment

Who cares if the administration hands down more rules or more policies regarding gender and greek organizations...it will all be for nothing if we as students continue to let sexist language and behavior remain a norm in our daily interactions with each other. —“bunniesarecute” commenting on the story “Creating a community we want.” See more at www.dukechronicle.com.

Letters Policy The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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an offensive practice that has become all too familiar to greek women. It is reasonable that individual students should wish to remain anonymous when speaking out against such a social status quo. They could risk isolating members of their friend groups by undertaking a solitary effort. Organizations themselves, however, are obligated to act in a way that shatters this collective action failure. Specifically, the Interfraternity Council should punish its member groups when they act in a misogynistic or derogatory way toward women. The Panhellenic Association, the largest women’s membership group on campus, should make every effort to ensure that its so-

rorities maintain a unified front against invitations and actions that are degrading. E-mail invitations such as those posted across campus last weekend are nearly impossible to regulate, and thus we believe a direct response from the University administration to be unnecessary at this point. But greeks should recognize that this problem transcends their own community. Due to its housing and organizational advantages, the greek community occupies a position of social dominance on campus that amplifies the impact of an event like this. All Duke women have a right to be outraged by these e-mails. IFC and Panhel must employ a strong, visible response to reassure every student who participates in the undergraduate

social scene that offensive and sexist language is not part of the Duke culture. Fraternities’ crude custom of e-mailing sexist invitations to women on campus has existed for far too long. Given this fact, the bold action of anonymous individuals to bring these e-mails to light during Halloween weekend is a positive development for Duke’s campus culture and gender relations problems. Panhel, IFC, individual chapters and all social groups on campus should carry this momentum forward by actively fostering a social environment in which sexism and male dominance are not part of the equation. Individuals exposed this problem, now social groups must work toward its solution.

Wasteful

uqua Student (FS), you know who you are. back at like four buckets.... You stood at the edge of the parking lot during Yikes. graduate and professional student Campout We could extrapolate conclusions that Europewith the bottom half of the hamburgans seem more adept at taking soer bun in your hand and asked me, cially responsible action, or wander “Which one does it go in?” down the halls of the dysfunctional Since this column isn’t actually Duke waste collection system, but about being wasted, which you may those feel obvious and previously have been, and since this wasn’t your digested. So let’s settle and say we first time through the waste-free are operating somewhere in the lunch sorting station, I challenged middle of a continuum. you to figure it out. You paused, lookNow here’s a story of a plastic botliz bloomhart ing down at the barrels and the signs, tle (PB). They’ve been getting a lot green devil and claimed you didn’t know. of press lately. I hear they’re bad. “Go with your gut,” I told you, asTo help tell the tale, in an empsuming too much. tying warehouse across the road from Smith WareYou threw that little scrap of bread in the trash. house, I found Arwen Buchholz, Duke’s recycling “Wrong!” I told you. “Try the compost.” and waste reduction coordinator. FS, you embody a simple truth: Without me The beginning is fairly easy: I’ve consumed the standing there waving my hands at the appropri- contents of my PB, and since I’m standing in Twinate barrel, most people get equally flustered when nie’s Café, I have deposited it in the centralized confronted with this seemingly simple choice, or collection area to my left. (To combat the problem ignore it altogether. of the elusive collection stations around campus, Despite incidents like the one I experienced Buchholz told me that by the end of the semester, with FS, the waste-free lunch event, and events like her audit of locations should be available on the it, are usually considered a success. At the end, a web to help with the search.) peek into the barrels reveals the compost to be Now my PB is sitting at the bottom of the bin, nearly full, while the trash has almost nothing in and one of Buchholz’s five recycling collection it, and the recycling bins... well, they work over- staff is picking it up. They’ll visit this site once a time throughout an event like Campout. week. From the building, a truck will carry my But a huge amount of manpower is generally bottle to the back of the parking lot, next to the required to man the sorting stations. That’s in ad- warehouse where it will join its friends in a large dition to the added planning and cost required roll-off (large dumpster) filled with other PBs and to coordinate pick-up logistics, additional barrels GBs (glass bottles) and ACs (aluminum cans). and signage. This is not to say that composting, From here, it will be hauled to the Sonoco Reespecially industrial composting, does not have vi- cycling transfer location in Durham. Sonoco bails able economic value—it does. Duke participates it, then moves it to Raleigh where it’s sorted and daily, but behind the scenes in the prep kitchens, shipped to mills. For beverage containers, those where there is less threat of contamination by the mills might be at Coca-Cola or Anheuser-Busch (ParFS-character. There are, however, a few scattered tay!), which produce their own containers on site. post-consumer composting locations on campus. Usually, the recycled material will be mixed with virI challenge you to find and use one. gin material. Economics plays into the picture here German Graduate Student (GGS), you came periodically. For instance, lower numbered plastics up to the Sustainability table at the graduate stu- are worth actual money. They are more versatile. dent activities fair at the beginning of the semesBut back to that decision, just after I swigged the ter. You asked about recycling, lamenting that you last slug, what about the PB that doesn’t make it, that were having a hard time getting your new room- lands in the trash (FS, I’m looking at you!)? Since mates to sort their trash. You listed glass, plastic, Oct. 1 here in North Carolina, that bottle is starting metal, paper, compost, trash. Five bins? Six?! an illegal ride to the landfill. FS, aiding and abetting? Haha, silly GGS, we have co-mingled recycling I would not have guessed! GGS, are you surprised? here in the good ol’ USA, you don’t have to sort all This trip is not only illegal, it’s generally more expenthat stuff out separately! It all goes in the same bin. sive for Duke, but you’re unlikely to know that. OK... well, some of it goes in the same bin... actuSo on a scale of FS to GGS, how wasted is your ally plastic, glass and metal can all be co-mingled. PB (or hamburger bun, for that matter)? Then paper, and cardboard, that’s separate, while newspaper and glossies can usually go together. Liz Bloomhardt is a fourth-year graduate student in meCompost... you have a pile out back? OK, so we’re chanical engineering. Her column runs every other Friday.


the chronicle

friDAY, november 5, 2010 | 11

commentaries

In education, work comes first

A

s registration rolls around and the but the stress foregone is now knocking process of schedule crafting begins at the door and demanding to be paid again, it’s easy to be reminded of the in full. It’s that sort of inevitable retribuadvice that many of us may tion, conveniently left out have received from teachof all those early conversaers, parents and speakers tions, for something that upon graduation from high was too good to be true in school. At that time, when it the first place. seemed that everyone fanAnd it makes it tougher cied themselves experts on to get the job done in more the matter, it was not at all ways than one. Even when rare to encounter the sort a student decides that it’s chris bassil of sidewalk philosopher time to leave behind his just a minute who cautioned against any extraneous pursuits and sort of pre-professionalism, hone in his focus on a choand recommended instead a course load sen area of study, there’s no guarantee conceived with an open mind, and with that he’ll find himself in the position to plenty of time left for meeting people and take the classes that he needs. The reg“getting involved around campus,” what- istration system at Duke does not necever that may mean. essarily ensure a preferential allocation This type of ill-conceived dogma is of classes in a specific discipline toward not confined merely to casual conver- students of that discipline. This, in consation, however, but works its way into junction with the wide swath of students slightly more institutional interactions dipping their toes into classes from deas well. By the end of the college tour partment to department, makes it even process, the anecdote on the part of the more difficult to fulfill the requirements ever-original tour guide concerning the set upon the student. arbitrary choice of a class outside of their In the end, though, these are not the area of interest as a result of limited op- real issues. Students can see for themselves tions which then inspired a change of when they need time to dabble and when their major became just about as tired as instead it’s time to hit the grind. If they’re the one about how their professors had forward thinking enough, and if they can them over for dinner on multiple occa- establish a conversation with a professions. sor before registration, they can probably Last year, at a local high school grad- make their way into the classes they need uation, author, historian and current as well. The problem with all of this chatter president of the University of Richmond is the conceit at the bottom of it. Edward L. Ayers, an intelligent and acBy reassuring students that neither complished man by any measure, spout- plans nor paths are essential early on ed the same sort of rhetoric, urging the in their college experience, adults in young college-going crowd to make time positions of discipline are promoting a for things other than their studies. It period of early indulgence that is antiseems that individuals at all levels of the thetical to the principles that typically collegiate experience are heavily favor- lead one to be successful in any serious ing this approach, which must be at least endeavor. It is not aimless wandering a little unsettling to some. and introspective revelation that bring a For one thing, imagine (if you must, person to the genre of accomplishment as perhaps you are too familiar already that he seeks, but rather an ethic for suswith the scenario) the predicament of tained work. And this is no profundity; the student who has been chiefly advised in fact, it is instilled in us from the time by people in professional educational that we are young, when we are taught capacities to focus on open-mindedness first to finish our homework and then and free time in choosing classes, and to play, and not to take our dessert until who now finds himself several years into after we’ve eaten dinner. his college education and at a severe disIs there a time for wandering without, advantage as it applies to curriculum, ma- as the saying goes, being lost? Certainly, jor and graduate school requirements. and it is not in dispute that valuable Now, this isn’t really the strongest argu- personal growth lies in stepping outside ment against the kind of advice in ques- of the comfort zone. But let that be the tion, as any individual student should be delayed gratification, the reward for fulresponsible enough to educate himself filling requirements and reaching goals, on his requirements even without the and the motivation for doing now what help of those around him. Still, though, others will put off until tomorrow. that student must feel some dissonance Happy bookbagging, everyone. arising from the messages he’s been given. Certainly the time spent languishing Chris Bassil is a Trinity junior. His colin experimental coursework was nice, umn runs every Friday.

Public Enemy #1

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athologists, and surgical patholo- rette advertising in the broadcast media. gists in particular, are in the busiThe tobacco industry fought this ness of frequently giving bad news strenuously and was quick to pounce to their clinician counteron cigarette smoking as a parts, and by extension means of rebellious emto the patients they serve. powerment for women Cancer remains a big and exercising one’s civil deal, tissue diagnosis the liberties. The Women’s gold standard needed to Movement of the late commence treatment and 1960s and 1970s saw the that’s where the patholotargeting of young women gist comes in. The news as a vast market for tothomas sporn that I often bring from bacco products by the intable for one the microscope is often dustry, and with this came bad; it’s cancer, or worse, the creation of cigarette it’s an especially aggressive form of can- brands intended solely for women. cer, or that the cancer has spread and is And therein lies tragedy. incurable. Previously responsible for a miniscule And here at Duke, and in my own amount of cancer deaths in women, the practice, it’s usually about lung cancer. creation of the contemporary young Clinicians aren’t usually surprised at woman smoker has resulted in lung canthe pathologist’s finding; lung cancer is cer’s emergence as the leading cause of not a subtle disease, nor is it uncommon. cancer deaths in both sexes, more than We see a ton of it at the Medical Cen- breast, colon, prostate and all the reter, involving folks from all walks of life, maining cancers of other solid organs most of whom share the common bond combined. This remains true today. The of being smokers or ex-smokers. And if lack of outrage and silence on this from you follow this sort of thing, November is groups advocating women’s rights has alNational Lung Cancer Awareness Month. ways puzzled and bothered me. No, there’s no Race for the Cure, no ceThe Centers for Disease Control lebrity spokesman to put a face on lung and Prevention currently estimates 46 cancer and you don’t get a bracelet. Lung million Americans, nearly 21 percent of cancer and its victims lack social currency, the population older than 18, currently and it remains the poor relation among smoke cigarettes, with the highest rates malignancies, its research underfunded among those who live below the poverty in proportion to the magnitude and se- level. Nothing seems to spark a debate verity of the problems it causes. like plans to ban cigarette smoking in resIt’s hard to frame a discussion of lung taurants, bars and other public establishcancer without mentioning smoking, its ments. Cigarettes are legal products for principal cause. Back in the day, cigarettes adults to use—who’s the government to were once touted as healthful reducers of say where we can smoke? No one is forced stress, and a sign of glamour and suave to pass time in a smoky bar, argue some sophistication. One could pretty much civil libertarians. Second-hand smoke is smoke where one pleased. The smokers noxious and carcinogenic, and there is among my grade school teachers were no absolute right to smoke anywhere you relegated to the noisome recesses of the please and the cost of caring for tobaccoteachers’ lounge, but a number of my related disease as smoking slowly kills you college professors stalked about the class- is bankrupting us to boot, argue public room, cigarette in hand, as did a number health officials. of attending physicians during rounds in Regardless, workplace and public area the hospital when I was a medical student. smoking bans have been associated with There were dedicated smoking rows in greatly reduced prevalence in smoking: aircraft, and when the lights came on at California’s aggressive anti-smoking camthe end of the show in movie theaters or paigns and bans on smoking have been in concert halls and sports arenas, it was accompanied by a fall in smoking prevausually to illuminate a dense and acrid lence from 22.7 percent in 1988 to 13.8 fog of cigarette smoke. percent in 2007. I don’t ever see a prohiNon-smoking areas of bars and res- bition on tobacco and given the history of taurants were unheard of. The Surgeon problems spawned by former prohibition General’s Advisory Committee 1964 re- on alcohol and the current disastrous port on smoking and health, concluding prohibition on illicit drugs, this is probthat cigarette smoking causes cancers of ably a good thing. Lung cancer awareness the lung and larynx in men and women, can be distilled down to just a few points. added scientific validity to the fledgling If you choose to smoke, you stand a good public health crusade against tobacco, chance of getting lung cancer. If you get beginning with health warnings on ciga- lung cancer, there’s a good chance of it rette packages and the banning of ciga- killing you. Public tobacco consumption abatement programs reduce the prevalence of smoking, and the most highly lethal form of cancer is paradoxically among the most preventable. Lung cancer lacks its Lance Armstrong, but it’s serve as facilitators for conversations about gender issues not exactly an unknown malady in Hollywithin their chapters. These facilitators, after having been wood or in the sports and entertainment trained by the Center for Race Relations, will report the world, claiming the lives of John Wayne, issues discussed in their individual chapters back to the Paul Newman, Walt Disney, Joe DiMagGreek Women’s Initiative. We represent all chapters and gio and Ayn Rand, with many others dycouncils because we believe that only through numerous ing of tobacco-associated aerodigestive and varied opinions across the entire Greek community tract cancers. Should there be even more can we find a workable solutions to the issues this comdraconian measures to curb tobacco conmunity faces. sumption? You decide. We recognize that these recent e-mails are a symptom of In the meantime I have a stack of a greater problem. The Greek Women’s Initiative intends to slides here by my microscope that’s about use the response to these e-mails as an opportunity to start two feet thick. Inside there is bound to be dialogue about gender issues at Duke. Our efforts are about bad news. conversations, not accusations.

letterstotheeditor The importance of communication The Greek Women’s Initiative is a proactive group of men and women who intend to empower greek women, initiate dialogue and propose solutions to the dilemmas men and women face at Duke University. We would like to address the e-mails that were posted around campus this weekend. We believe that this is an issue not of a single fraternity or of fraternities in general, but rather a problem with campus culture. This problem cannot and will not be addressed without open communication among the greek community and a sincere effort by all members to confront the issues in the gender culture. Therefore, the Greek Women’s Initiative has recruited and received volunteers from almost every chapter in each of the four greek governing councils on campus to

The Greek Women’s Initiative

Dr. Thomas Sporn is an associate professor in the Department of Pathology. His column runs every other Friday.


12 | friDAY, november 5, 2010

energy from page 1 argument that’s social and environmental,” he said. “The only thing that matters on a consistent basis is economics.” He explained that a successful energy efficiency initiative could pay for itself if innovators are given proper economic incentives. Selecting which sorts of technologies to develop is an important decision, however, because some alternative energies may not ultimately pay off. President of the Alliance to Save Energy Kateri Callahan said one of the industry’s major problems is inadequate consumer awareness. “We’ve got work to do [on] educating consumers, educating businesses, educating policy makers,” she said. Callahan cited the recent implementation of energy efficient practices in Salina, Kansas, a traditionally conservative town, as an example of successful consumer education. The town is participating in a competition sponsored by the Climate and Energy Project. “They were [saving energy] for thrift reasons, for patriotic reasons... [and] because it was a competition with other areas,” she said. But in most instances, there is currently little economic benefit to adopting energyefficient habits, Callahan, Swoboda and President of Shell WindEnergy Richard Williams agreed. “The price of electricity in your home is so cheap... you’ve got no incentive to change,” Callahan said. But beyond raising consumer awareness, the panelists disagreed about how best to go about encouraging and enforcing energy-efficient practices. Williams said the current industry is built on regulated money and that increased capital would be

pelosi from page 5 “It’s pretty widely agreed at this point that the White House messaging was sub-optimal,” said Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, R.I., citing the decision to blame the poor economy on former President George W. Bush when Democrats controlled every lever of power. “That’s a little tough to believe.”

the chronicle

required to incentivize investing in alternative energy. “Let’s create goals that drive people to go solve them and find the entrepreneurs who solve them,” Swoboda said. “Trading things is nice, but if you really want to move the game forward let’s solve the base problem—force the fundamental change.” He added that ineffective public policy was also a root of the problem. “We need a policy that drives market behavior to solve problems,” he said. “We could simply raise those standards and we’ll see... businesses pop up to solve those problems.” Callahan said a combination of better policies and innovative technologies would be an ideal solution and added that keeping old and inefficient products on the market risked confusing consumers. The panelists also discussed the benefits of outreach programs that encourage younger students to consider careers in science and engineering. Swoboda and Williams said they both work with middle school children and Callahan said many of her company’s interns went on to take jobs in the energy sector. Throughout the discussion, audience members were asked to answer multiple choice questions about the status and future of the industry on an electronic polling device. One question asked the audience to predict the price of gas in 15 years, and 46 percent responded “six dollars or more.” The panelists were divided on this matter. “This is only 15 years,” Williams said. “It’s hard to make a change that fast.” Swoboda disagreed, citing the unexpected success of technologies such as the iPod as evidence that rapid technological change renders such predictions unreliable. Whitehouse said the agenda will have to be less ambitious than the comprehensive efforts on health-care reform and climate change legislation of the past two years, suggesting that although liberal activists would be disappointed, they would be energized by watching what Republicans do. “The realities of the terrain are ones that our progressive base voters will understand,” he said.

climate from page 4 the U.S. more competitive,’” said Heather Zichal, deputy assistant to the president for energy and climate-change policy. Obama suggested that the agreement forged with the auto industry and unions to boost the fuel efficiency of cars and trucks could be a model for talks with utilities over reducing the carbon dioxide emissions of power plants. Other administration officials said they were already exploring this. Such a deal would not require congressional action. James Connaughton, who chaired the White House Council on Environmental Quality under President George W. Bush and now serves as executive vice president for corporate affairs at Constellation Energy—said he can envision a compromise akin to the one Bush struck with the new Democratic congressional majority in the 2007 energy bill. “It can be done, but it takes very pointed presidential leadership,” said Connaughton, who identified electricvehicle infrastructure and carbon sequestration and storage as possible areas for cooperation. “You have to focus like a laser beam and move quick, because before you know it you’re in a presidential election.” What remains unclear is whether GOP leaders, and the new members bolstering their ranks, will embrace any of the ideas that Obama is offering as a compromise. Five of the six new GOP senators and 35 of the 85 incoming Republican freshmen in the House have questioned whether greenhouse gas emissions caused by human activity contribute to climate change, according to Daily Kos blogger R.L. Miller and ThinkProgress, an arm of the Center for American Progress. And some of the Democrats who won seats this year made opposition to climate legislation central to their campaign—incoming Sen. Joe Manchin, W.Va., aired an ad in which he shot up the House-passed climate bill. Many of the winning candidates campaigned on a message of fiscal austerity and smaller government, and even the more modest proposals the president has

mentioned—such as vehicle electrification and a renewable-energy standard —entail either additional federal funding or new government mandates. A spokesperson for Sen.-elect Rand Paul, R-Ky., a tea party favorite, said Paul would not comment until he had seen specific proposals. But his campaign website made it clear where Paul stood on using government funding and regulation to alter the U.S. energy supply. “Any energy source that really meets the needs of the American consumer would not need the government to subsidize it,” the site said, arguing that such subsidies distort the free market for energy and encourage companies to advance their interests through lobbying instead of innovation. “Just as we don’t subsidize laptops and iPods, we should not be subsidizing solar and wind power.” Senate Republican Conference Chairman Lamar Alexander, Tenn., who has consistently supported the expansion of nuclear power and electric cars, said in a statement that many of his colleagues support those two proposals “as good ways to produce low-cost clean energy” but that “any government support should not add to the federal deficit.” Many in the business community are looking for opportunities to challenge assertive rulemaking by the Environmental Protection Agency and Energy Department. John Engler, president of the National Association of Manufacturers, told reporters in a phone call that he expected the GOP House majority to scrutinize “regulatory and, in some circumstances, legislative overkill” by the administration. In a news conference Wednesday, national environmental leaders said they would resist efforts to roll back the EPA’s authority and would seek to make progress in states such as California and Massachusetts, which will be led by Democratic governors committed to renewable energy. “We have no intention of ceding America’s future to Big Oil and Big Coal,” said Michael Brune, executive director of the Sierra Club. Staff writer David A. Fahrenthold contributed to this report.

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November 5, 2010  

November 5, 2010 issues of The Duke Chronicle

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