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The Chronicle T h e i n d e p e n d e n t d a i ly at D u k e U n i v e r s i t y



Settling in to the Bull City by Nate Freeman THE CHRONICLE

For most Duke students, their stay in Durham has a four-year time limit. Senior year ends and the boys and girls in gowns blow Durham a big fat goodbye kiss before they hit the road. The Lucky Strike smokestack tower recedes in the rearview mirror, and they don’t look back. The migration begins in the weeks after the words of the commencement speaker stop echoing in the heads of the cap-wearers: the graduated class packs its futons into rented U-Hauls and leaves behind its Durham digs, moving on to jobs in trendy hubs of culture and commerce. The farther these fresh alums get from the Bull City, the more expansive the Duke Diaspora becomes. But what about those who stay? The RaleighDurham area is the third most likely place for alumni to end up, behind only New York and Washington, D.C., according to an exit survey of the Class of 2009. Chris O’Neill, Trinity ’95, who is the assistant director of regional programs for the Duke Alumni Association and the coordinator of the Duke Club of the Triangle, noted that in the past 10 years he’s seen an

The University looks to build on its athletic reputation without driving up costs, PAGE 14

uptick in the number of Duke graduates who stick around post-graduation. “As Durham grows and develops it’s been a more attractive place to live,” he said. “The economy has played into that—it’s a reasonable place to live.” With the economy still freezing students out of the job market, more people are enrolling in graduate school to help their chances in landing the perfect gig, O’Neill said. And if you’re going to pay for graduate school instead of actually making money, he added, you’ll need to live in a city that won’t bleed you of your money. Other students have found positions as research assistants for Duke professors, jobs in the admissions office or placement elsewhere within the Duke sphere, according to the Class of 2010 exit survey that was compiled by the Duke Alumni Association. Others who responded to the exit poll—which consists of information from 433 members of the class of 2010—are sticking around to study for the MCAT or other entrance exams, with the intent of leaving Durham after they take the test. In the survey, nearly 50 people said they intended to stay in Durham, Raleigh or Chapel Hill.

Duke pushes to establish itself as a global brand with overseas campuses, PAGE 14

See bull city on page 17

Duke Medicine puts resources into creating and marketing a name, PAGE 15 melissa yeo/The Chronicle

2 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle




Bridge to Practice helps law grads find work Q&A with Tom Bonfield

Durham’s city manager speaks about the city’s economic success



Student fees go toward funding campus programming

Child poverty rate predicted to rise in 2010

Rate estimated to be at highest level in 20 years


Summer 2010 photo essay

Next stop: A closer Duke and Durham

A new, free bus will connect Duke and Durham




More Duke grads take nontraditional path

Q&A with Bill Chameides

The first dean of the Nicholas School of the Environment spills his thoughts on oil


Atwater to receive life in prison Demario Atwater, one of two men charged with killing former UNC student body president Eve Carson, pleaded guilty to state charges of first-degree murder May 24. Because of his plea deal, Atwater will not receive the death penalty and will instead spend life in prison without the possibility of parole. Atwater also pleaded guilty to five federal charges in April, and also received a life sentence without parole. Carson was found near the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill campus March 5, 2008. Atwater and his alleged accomplice Laurence Lovette kidnapped Carson and forced her to withdraw money from an ATM. Lovette, who faces first-degree murder for Carson’s killing, was also charged with murdering Duke graduate student Abhijit Mahato, who was killed in his Anderson Street apartment Jan. 18, 2008. A court date for Lovette, who was 17 at the time of both incidents, has yet to be set. Because of his age, Lovette will not face the death penalty in either case. Lax team takes first-ever nat’l title The men’s lacrosse team captured its first NCAA national championship in Baltimore, Md. May 31. The Blue Devils won the championship only seconds into overtime, when sophomore defenseman CJ Costabile won the faceoff and scored on University of Notre Dame goalie Scott Rodgers. The score was tied 5-5 at the end of regulation since neither team could take the lead during the final eight minutes of the game. The first half was marked by stretches of scoreless play, largely due to a slowed-down Notre Dame offense. Not only did the win mark the team’s first national title, but it was also the last chance for the team’s fifth-year seniors to win the championship. Duke researchers travel to oil spill As oil from a leaking BP oil rig spreads throughout the Gulf of Mexico, Duke researchers are studying the spill’s environmental implications. Researchers on the Cape Hatteras, a research vessel operated by the Duke and University of North Carolina Oceanographic Consortium, left the Duke Marine Lab June 5 for a 10-day trip to the gulf. At the site of the spill, the researchers estimated how much oil is in the water and studied whether the methane levels in the air might affect climate change. The ship will make another trip to the gulf later this summer.

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The Nicholas School of the Environment has also become involved in the oil crisis by establishing a website, “Disaster in the Gulf,” to provide information about the spill. Tyson arrested at school board protest Duke professor and author Timothy Tyson was arrested June 14 while protesting at a Wake County School Board meeting, along with three other NAACP members. Tyson and the other protestors, including state NAACP President William Barber, were arrested for civil disobedience when they disrupted the board meeting for about an hour. They were charged with second-degree trespassing. The sit-in was sparked by the school board’s plan to eliminate its existing busing system, which was instituted in 2000 to increase socioeconomic diversity in the district. The board plans to return to a neighborhood zoning system, which Tyson and others argue has racial implications, since neighborhoods are often divided by income and race. The school board allowed the protesters 45 minutes at a private meeting with the vice chair and president of the board, but the protesters were not allowed the same period at the public dialogue, inciting the sit-in. Police pursue armed suspects on campus Duke Police sent a DukeALERT to notify students, faculty and staff that Durham police were in pursuit of armed suspects near the Fuqua School of Business June 24. Three of the four suspects were apprehended later that day, two of whom were charged with robbery with a dangerous weapon and conspiracy. Police were unable to locate the fourth suspect, Joshuia Raie-Shawn Waddell. Earlier that morning, two of the suspects robbed two employees at gunpoint at Morreene Manor Apartments at 3600 Tremont Drive. The suspects fled the scene in a red minivan and stopped in a parking lot near N.C. 751 and Science Drive. Three occupants dispersed into the Duke Forest near the R. David Thomas Conference Center. One suspect was apprehended earlier that day in the 1200 block of Morreene Road. Two of the suspects are currently in the Durham County Jail. Durham police officers filed a petition with juvenile court to prosecute one of the suspects, a 12-year-old male. Waddell, 21, has not been found.

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 3

New Members of the board of trustees

Sperling continues to build Ward to draw on unique on active role in alma mater leadership experiences by Tullia Rushton THE CHRONICLE

For Laurene Sperling, the conversations had with her classmates are the fondest memories she has of her time at Duke. Now—32 years later—her conversations on campus will be among some of the most powerful voices at the University.

special to The Chronicle

Current Library Advisory Board Chair Laurene Sperling’s experience in working with non-profits contributed to her selection as a new Trustee.

During its May meeting, the Board of Trustees selected Laurene Sperling to be one of its two new Trustees. Sperling, Trinity ’78, will begin her duties July 1 and attend her first meeting in October. As a Trustee, Sperling will be a part of the governing body that oversees the University’s educational mission and fiscal policy. “I’m incredibly excited,” Sperling said. “Duke is one of the finest universities in the world and I see it as an incredible honor.” Sperling has been an active alumna since graduating from the University. Since 2006, she has served as the chair of the Library Advisory Board, which is responsible for raising funds and awareness for the University’s libraries. Sperling has been a member of the board since 1997. Sperling said she does not currently have any particular agenda as a trustee and feels she will spend the first year understanding the pressing issues that the board faces. “I hope to work to ensure that every part of University is supporting the strategic objects of the University,” she said. Sperling added that because she’s a Duke alumna, she feels that it is her responsibility to continue to be involved in the University. See sperling on page 16

by Christina Peña THE CHRONICLE

In the Fall of 1969 before Trinity College admitted women, Hope Morgan Ward, a North Carolina native, stepped onto Duke Women’s College campus full of aspirations. A religion and English double major, Trinity ’73 and ’78, Ward graduated from

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Bishop Hope Morgan Ward, a current member of the Divinity School’s Board of Visitors, said she is eager to learn more about other aspects of Duke.

a small rural high school in North Carolina and earned a grant to attend Duke, which would otherwise have been out of her family’s financial reach. Now a bishop for the United Methodist Church, 41 years later, Ward has been named as one of the newest members of the Board of Trustees. “It made my time at Duke possible,” Ward said. “It was a gracious investment of [the University] in a young person. I’ve been extremely grateful and haven’t forgotten.” Ward was elected a bishop of the United Methodist Church in Mississippi in 2004, where she currently leads 190,000 United Methodists in more than 1,000 congregations, according to a Duke news release. She has worked on racial conciliation projects through partnerships with South Africa and Zimbabwe, and has spent the majority of her first years as a bishop working on Hurricane Katrina relief efforts, which Ward said have helped to place 13,000 families back in their homes. Ward is the second female bishop ever to be elected to serve in the denomination’s nine-state Southeastern Jurisdiction. “It’s been a wonderful opportunity being a part of the changing face of the church and of the world,” Ward said. The See ward on page 20

4 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Chinese city prepares for Bridge to Practice helps opening of Duke campus Law grads find work by Maggie Love THE CHRONICLE

Halfway around the world in the Yangtze River Delta, a burgeoning suburb of Shanghai faces workers’ rights issues as it prepares for a new university. The city is Kunshan, news and the university is Duke’s 200-acre China analysis campus, construction of which was slated to begin last month, Gregory Jones, vice president and vice provost for global strategy and programs, wrote in an e-mail. Buildings on 35 of the 200 acres are scheduled to be operational by January 2012, Jones added. “We have found our relationship with the city of Kunshan to be a very positive and constructive relationship and we have high confidence in their visions for their city,” Jones said. Initially the campus will house graduate school programs, primarily in the Fuqua School of Business, but other parts of the University plan to use the facilities in the future. Duke is interested in the region largely because of its economic potential, but some of the region’s factories have recently come under fire over treatment of their workers. Jones led a delegation of about 10 people to Kunshan the week of June 7. The delegation, which included several graduate school deans, met with the mayor, vice mayor and other city leaders. Kunshan officials believe the campus is integral to the city’s continued development, Jones said. The city is one of the most economically successful county-level regions in China.

Manufacturing has taken on a stronger role in the region, which was originally agricultural. Kunshan has attracted investors from multiple countries, most notably Taiwan. More than 55 countries and regions have established around 5,500 projects in the city, according to the city’s website. “There’s enormous development going on in parts of the city, high rise after high rise for housing or business, it’s just incredible,” said Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost of undergraduate education who was also on the recent trip to the site. As the region’s economic capacity increases, however, companies have seen an increase in labor concerns. Taiwanese-funded KOK Industrial became the site of a workers’ strike June 7. Of 2,000 protesters at the rubber products plant, 50 were injured after clashing with security guards in the street, The China Daily reported June 9. Although the strike occurred while the Duke delegation was in China, Jones said the University did not address the event with officials. The delegation did not learn of the strike until after meeting with Kunshan leaders, he added. Kunshan is also the location of a Foxconn branch that employs thousands of workers. Foxconn—another Taiwanese-run company that manufactures electronics for Apple, Hewlett-Packard, Sony, Dell and other companies—increased base wages by about 65 percent last month after 11 employees committed suicide allegedly because of poor working conditions and low pay.

by Ray Koh


For Duke law students who do not secure a job after graduation, the Bridge to Practice program can provide a solution. Since its creation in 2008, the program has helped students at the School of Law pursue careers after graduation, especially in public interest and government agencies, said Melinda Vaughn, executive director of communications for the law school. “As the economy has faltered, more students have needed assistance,” Vaughn said. “Our career center staff has worked very hard each year to help students find Bridge to Practice opportunities, to find alumni mentors for each fellowship recipi-

ent and to make sure the fellowships meaningfully advance the graduates’ long-term career goals.” The program, which awards financial fellowships to students for between eight and 12 weeks of full-time work, is an effort to achieve of the law school’s goal to employ all of its graduates for at least nine months after graduation. The law school has met that goal five times in the past six years, according to an April news release. In addition, the public interest sector does not usually hire lawyers until they pass the bar exam, which most students do not achieve until after graduation. Vaughn said the program’s funding comes from alumni and others who hope See law school on page 16

See kunshan on page 24

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Graduate students study and socialize in the School of Law’s Star Commons. A program created in 2008, Bridge to Practice, helps Duke Law graduates secure employment in their chosen career.

Sunday, September 5, 6 pm

Please RSVP to Robin Kirk at for location

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 5

Student Affairs responds to new responsibilities by Matthew Chase THE CHRONICLE

The Office of Student Affairs will soon be restructured. But if changes go according to plan, students should not even notice the reorganization. Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs, now oversees Dining Services and Event Management—a change that almost doubles his office’s budget and greatly increases its size. Moneta officially assumed the added responsibilities after Kemel Dawkins, former vice president for campus services, left the University in June. “The real challenges are not the things that students will see,” he said. “My responsibility is to make sure that you are never bothered by it.” Behind the scenes, however, the changes mean redistributed responsibilities for some administrators. Moneta said he is using the summer to completely restructure his office.

“The real challenges are not the things that students will see. My responsibility is to make sure that you are never bothered by it.” — Larry Moneta, vice president for student affairs “A change of this magnitude sort of requires that we recalibrate the whole division in terms of what each of the leadership people do,” Moneta said. “It didn’t make sense to simply plug the two units in. It really was an opportune time to sort of sit back and say, ‘Let’s start from scratch and reinvent the division and reinvent the alignment of responsibilities.’” Dining and Residence Life and Housing Services will report directly to Moneta, but he said he intends to create a fourth assistant vice president to oversee those responsibilities. He added that this position would not be filled “for months.”

Moneta formally announced the changes—which will be implemented Aug. 1—in an e-mail to student affairs staff June 29. Among the changes, Dean of Students Sue Wasiolek will oversee Student Health as well as Counseling and Psychological Services. “Neither of those changes came about because there were problems or issues,” Wasiolek said. “Those areas aren’t broken—they don’t need to be fixed. But by having someone to focus on health and wellness I will have a way to bring those opportunities together in a way that serves the students.” Zoila Airall, assistant vice president for student affairs for campus life, will supervise the Office of Fraternity and Sorority Life—which Wasiolek currently oversees—and will work with certain leadership groups, including the Council for the Arts and the Civic Engagement Council. Caroline Nisbet, assistant vice president for student affairs for resource administration, will be largely responsible for Event Management. Now that housing, dining and event support all fall under student affairs, Moneta said he foresees potential for collaboration between departments. “Could we really bring our hospitality services as a campus into a much stronger circumstance?” Moneta said, adding that immediate changes would not take place this Fall. “Where are there collaborative business opportunities?” Because Event Management is a complex unit, Nisbet said she needs to understand more about the department’s daily business before instituting any concrete adjustments. “These are auxiliary units so they basically have to charge fees to cover their costs,” Nisbet said, adding that she will now oversee about 34 more positions. “We need to understand what their business model is and what would happen if we changed that.” Although the Student Affairs office budget has greatly expanded—Dining alone adds around $29 million— funds will not be shuffled, because most funding is not combinable, Moneta said.

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta is taking the summer to restructure his office. The changes are a result of the recent additions of Dining and Residence Life and Housing Services to the department. Director of Dining Services Jim Wulforst added that he likes that Dining is now considered a part of Student Affairs rather than just a campus service. “I think that as an auxiliary we were under a microscope all the time and it was all about how to make ends meet, and now it’s about how to better our program,” Wulforst said. “We still have fiscal responsibility, but I think that the support Dr. Moneta has shown to my group has been great.”


6 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Q&A with Tom Bonfield City Manager Tom Bonfield has served in local government for more than 30 years, including 25 years managing cities. Before his arrival to Durham, Bonfield was the city manager of Pensacola, Fla. This summer will be the start of Bonfield’s third year in Durham. The Chronicle’s Indu Ramesh recently spoke with Bonfield about Durham’s future and his experience in the city. The Chronicle: How did your experience in Pensacola prepare you for the position of city manager in Durham? Tom Bonfield: The biggest thing I can take from my past experience is a couple of things, the first being that because the downturn in the Florida economy happened two years before it happened here, I had a lot of experience in how to deal with these problems—how to structure a budget, how to evaluate programs, how to cut the budget effectively—I had more experience about these problems that people hadn’t dealt with before. The second is that overall, from having managed Pensacola through three major hurricanes in two years, a lot of what it takes to manage multiple issues at the same time is to be able to multi-task—with massive hurricane aftermaths, it’s all about managing multiple issues at the same time. I suppose that is another set of experiences that in many respects helped me here, because any given day I have to manage 50-60 different issues, and I’ve learned that it’s a matter of keeping it all moving forward, concentrating on certain issues and knowing your priorities. TC: How do you feel about the Durham-Duke relationship? Do you feel that it is something that must be encouraged to grow, and why? TB: You know, that’s interesting. Before I got here, really my only knowledge about Duke was reading about the lacrosse case, which led me to believe that there was a very strange relationship between Duke and the police. But, in fact, one of the first e-mails I got—my first day of the job—was from President [Richard] Brodhead, just introducing himself and welcoming me. I was impressed that the president of such a prestigious institution would even remember that it

was my first day on the job and take the time to send an e-mail—at nine o’clock in the morning. I found the relationship with Duke to be way more positive than I thought it was. And it is way better now than it was even two years ago, with increased personal relationships, working together, more initiatives, the Board of Trustees here in early May—in my mind you go back and look at positive improvements that have happened in the community, and you see them as connected to Duke University. It’s been way more positive than a lot of people would like to admit, and I think that it is

special to The Chronicle

City Manager Tom Bonfield, a former New York Yankees minor league baseball player, is going into his third year overseeing the Bull City.

in both of our best interests to continue that positive relationship. TC: What do you believe are your most significant or exciting achievements as city manager so far? TB: Well, I don’t see any achievement as being just mine, but as part of the efforts of entire organizations. But I think that we have handled the economic downturn pretty positively. We had to redirect and readjust city resources, and for the most part we have been able to maintain a high quality of city services in light of the economy—that, I think, has been very positive. I have been very fortunate to have inherited a number of projects that were underway when I got here... several new major recreation centers, renovating the performing arts center, improving the Durham Bulls Athletic Park, the transportation center downtown. TC: What changes do you hope to see in Durham in the next five years? Ten years? Thirty years? Do you have a specific vision of a future Durham? TB: You know, it isn’t just about my vision, but the community’s vision. I’m a conduit that helps this vision happen. Certainly continued redevelopment of downtown and expanding downtown beyond a few core areas is important, particularly to neighborhoods south and east of downtown. From the city standpoint, understanding some of these issues in some of our neighborhoods—very poor spots—is extremely important. Certainly with where we are with the economy, we could be back on a very active track—I think it’ll happen in three to five years, unemployment will be back to where it was before. And then I think we’ll see a lot more progress in terms of development and job growth—these are things that will change. TC: What do you say to people who have the perception that Durham is crime-ridden and unsafe? TB: I think that the issues that the city has dealt with, [like] crime, have significantly improved. Does that mean there are some areas of the city that [are] more See bonfield on page 19

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 7

Study finds old age does not affect decision-making quality

Extra, extra

by Sabrina Rubakovic THE CHRONICLE

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Duke Athletics hosted its first annual Surplus Sale June 11-12. Duke students, employees and fans crowded Card Gym, picking up more than 8,600 pieces of Duke gear over the weekend.

When it comes to handling finances, leave it to your grandparents to make swift, responsible money-making decisions. In a recent study, Duke researchers found that older individuals are at least as good as their younger counterparts at making prudent financial choices. “If a person was 65 years old, theoretically they could still make the same kinds of decisions with the same outcomes as a younger person,” said Debra Henninger, a primary author of the study formerly a Duke professor who works at the health insurance company CIGNA in the department of valuation and evaluation informatics. The study found that differences in cognitive abilities—not age—account for disparities in decision-making quality. Researchers analyzed the decisions of 54 older adults, ages 66 to 76, and 58 younger adults, ages 18 to 35, in hypothetical economic situations. These results were then compared with tests of the individuals’ cognitive abilities—specifically memory and information processing speed. Although cognitive decline is commonly associated with aging, implying that older adults may make worse decisions anyway, researchers challenged this perception as well. They identified ways to offset this decline by presenting information more slowly and in smaller segments to reduce strain on memory and information processing. Indeed, a recent study conducted by Tara Queen and Thomas Hess of North

Carolina State University’s psychology department found that older adults make worse decisions when they have to process large amounts of information. In situations in which less attention to detail was needed, older adults performed just as well as younger adults. As an example, Queen referred to the Medicare Part B debacle, in which elderly adults had to choose from 30 to 50 insurance plans. She said many did not choose a plan at all because the form required elderly applicants to process a large amount of information. “Research has shown older adults may avoid making healthcare decisions, preferring to default to someone else’s advice,” Henninger said. “The reason that might be happening is the way the information is presented.” Queen’s findings were supported by a recent study conducted by Rui Mata and Ludmila Nunes, researchers at the University of Lisbon and Washington University in St. Louis, respectively. They concluded that older adults are better at making decisions when they are asked to process a single piece of information versus larger amounts of information. “It would make sense to provide less information to older adults (or consumers in general) if we knew that this leads to fairly good (or even better) decisions,” Mata wrote in an e-mail. “It turns out that simple strategies that neglect information may not lead to huge losses in decision quality.” See decisions on page 21

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8 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Student fees go toward funding campus programming by Carmen Augustine THE CHRONICLE

Each year, Duke undergraduates spend a little more than $50,000 each for tuition, room, board and a higher education. Not only does this sum lead to a diploma, but it also pays for several other on-campus opportunities that students might not know they are helping to fund. For 20102011, undergraduates living on campus will pay about $379 each in fees for various on-campus programs developed by Duke Student Government, Campus Council, Duke University Union, class councils, resident advisors and quadrangle councils. In total, this amounts to about $1,368 over the course of an undergraduate’s career for students who live in a quad on campus for three years. “[Groups] have all this money for open events,” said Max Tabachnik, a rising senior and chair of DSG’s Student Organization Finance Committee, which distributes money to all student groups on campus. “I would recommend if you want to get your bang for your buck, go out, join groups but also go to a lot of events.” A student’s total contribution over four years is divided into three categories on student bursar accounts. For the Fall 2010 semester, the student activities fee is $115.50, quad dues are $27 and residential programming fees are $47. The student activities fee is split between DSG, DUU, funding for the Last Day of Classes celebration and class councils, said Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta. A large portion of the student activities fee goes to SOFC. Tabachnik said SOFC provides funding for a variety of events on campus which are open to all undergraduates. In recent years, SOFC has directed funds toward Awaaz and Springternational, among others. Additionally, SOFC pays for student group events including retreats and conferences. DSG itself receives one of the larger grants from SOFC for other student services and projects. DSG’s Readership Program and its bus tracking system, projected to be implemeted this Fall, are among some of the projects DSG has paid for, said DSG President Mike Lefevre, a rising senior.

Photo illustration by melissa yeo

Each semester, Duke students pay additional fees that help groups fund events that are open to the entire campus, such as Cameron Rocks. “Everything we do is supposed to be a student service,” Lefevre said. “[The projects] use student money because it comes right back to students.” Much of students’ money goes toward campus-wide events. Most of DUU’s funding goes toward funding concerts, like this Spring’s Cameron Rocks which featured N.E.R.D. and Kid Cudi, and other events that are open to all undergraduates. Class councils, which pay for events for each class, also receive funding from the student activities fee through DSG. Class councils pay for annual events such as Midnight Breakfast and other non-traditional events suggested by individual students. “We tend to fund [events] that revolve around East Campus and the Freshman class,” said rising sophomore

Matt Truwit, former president of East Campus Council. Students will pay more in fees if they spend their four years on East and West campuses, where they will pay quad dues each semester. Quad dues and the residential programming fee are shared on one side by resident advisors, quad and house councils and on the other by Campus Council, said Joe Gonzalez, associate dean for residential life. Students in Central Campus and off campus do not pay quad dues. “The theory is that each student should benefit very directly from their portion of the fee because their See fees on page 19

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Political Science Courses With Open Enrollment POLSCI 91 The American Political System TTH 8:30-9:45 Professor Kerry Haynie POLSCI 93D Elements of International Relations MW 10:20-11:10 w/ discussion section Professor Joe Grieco POLSCI 110 American Political Parties WF 10:05-11:20 Instructor David Sparks POLSCI 131 Introduction to American Political Thought WF 1:15-2:30 Professor Michael Faber POLSCI 141D Racial and Ethnic Minorities in American Politics MW 10:20-11:10 w/ discussion section Professor Paula McClain FREE WIRELESS

POLSCI 166 Congress and the President TTH 4:25-5:40 Professor Ryan Vander Wielen

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 9

Child poverty rate predicted to rise in 2010 by Shaoli Chaudhuri THE CHRONICLE

This year, child poverty levels in the United States are estimated to be the highest they have been in 20 years, according to a June study. Approximately 21 percent of children, or 15.6 million, will be living in poverty in 2010, according to the study’s estimate. Half of those children will be living in “extreme poverty,” defined as below 50 percent of the poverty line. These findings come from The Child and Youth Well-Being Index Project, a yearly analysis funded by the private philanthropic group, the Foundation for Child Development. Kenneth Land, John Franklin Crowell professor of sociology, led the study. “Eight million jobs have been lost.... Even if there are two earners in a family and one earns 40 to 50 percent of income, that’s a huge hit on family income if one loses [his or her] job,” Land said. This year’s report, which took into account trends from 1975 to 2008, used 28 indicators of well-being. These measures were then grouped into seven categories like economic well-being, safe and risky behavior and health. In compiling the report, researchers used data from sources like government reports. The study also looked at indirect impacts of job loss, including the impact of economic instability on the nutritional value of food and childhood obesity. Land linked national poverty trends to Durham County’s own budget issues. “After two years of deep recession, public sector budgets are cramped…

governments are trying to balance budgets, and in many cases the tax shortfalls are leading to cutbacks in public sector programs that affect youth be it pre-K programs, be it teachers…. Durham County, for example, is struggling to find resources to not lay off as many teachers… next fall,” he said. “And some [places] are cutting back to four day schools instead of five day schools.” Land added that although the study’s purpose is to report the statistics, researchers hope it motivates several entities, from families to governments to civic organizations, who should be the players ensuring that children’s needs are prioritized. Kenneth Dodge, William McDougall director of the Center for Child and Family Policy, pointed out, however, that increasing government funds for children’s interests doesn’t have to be the only answer. “Money might make a difference, but on the other hand, a lot of money can be wasted,” he said. “And there are also other policies that don’t involve direct expenditure of money [like] the Family Medical Leave Act [which] provided time for parents to stay home with their baby…. It yielded positive outcomes for children. [Improvement] doesn’t have to be measured only in dollars but measured in how the dollars are spent.” Whatever the solution, the study’s results did offer some hope—the analysis suggests that the effects of the recession will be at their worst in 2010 but that they will show signs of slow recovery in 2011 and 2012.

Music at Duke First Year Seminars

Music 20S.01: Viennese Decadence, Parisian Splendor: Music and the Arts at the Fin-de-siècle (ALP)

WF 10:05 AM - 11:20 AM, Elizabeth Terry The integration and synergy of modern art, music, architecture, and literature in early 20th century Vienna and Paris.

Music 49S.01: Composers of Influence (ALP)

MW 4:25 PM - 5:40 PM, Harry Davidson (Music Director, Duke Symphony Orchestra) Four composers who are seminal in the development of Western art music: Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, and Stravinsky.

Music 49S.02: Instruments of the Time of Bach, Beethoven and Brahms (ALP)

TuTh 2:50 PM - 4:05 PM, Brenda Neece (Curator, DUMIC) Technology of musical instruments during the lives of “The Three B's”: Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Uses historical instruments from DUMIC (Duke University Musical Instrument Collections).

Other Courses Open to First Year Students Music 65.02: Theory and Practice of Tonal Music (ALP)

TuTh 10:05 AM - 11:20 AM, Anthony Kelley (Associate Professor of the Practice of Music) Where it all begins - the building blocks of music. Principles of tonal organization and intro to musical forms.

Music 135: Music of South Asia: Classical Indian (ALP, CCI, CZ)

WF 11:40 – 12:55, Vijayalakshmy Subramaniam (Visiting Fulbright Scholar) Familiarizes students with Carnatic music, a very aesthetic style of classical Indian music. The course will generate an understanding of Ragas and Talas (Scale and Meter), and will provide hands-on experience in singing and elementary composing.

Ensemble & Lesson audition info:

Chronicle graphic by melissa yeo

The Child Well-Being Index is a measure of the welfare of children in the United States. According to the 2010 report, child poverty levels are predicted to rise higher than they have in 20 years.

10 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Q&A with Laura Hall A proponent for green and healthy eating on Duke’s campus, Laura Hall is the owner of the Refectory, which has locations both in the Divinity School and the School of Law. Before coming to Duke in 2005, Hall worked as a corporate executive for management and marketing in electrical and computer engineering. Hall now dedicates her time to promoting healthy, fresh and nutritious filled dining at Duke. The Chronicle’s Carter Suryadevara recently spoke with the Refectory’s owner about her experiences at the University. The Chronicle: What can you tell us about your experiences in your former career? Laura Hall: I was in the technology industry, working with electrical conductors. I worked on the first IBM computers back in 1981. I saw the world go from wires to wireless…. I started when people thought cell phones would be [irrelevant]. I majored in marketing and management and information systems at Old Dominion. But back then, it was new to put computers and business together. Times have changed. TC: What was your vision for the Refectory? LH: The Refectory is a reflection of me. This was about creating something new, something different, a completely new restaurant model. The word “sustainable” has been overused, but I have been all about eating healthy food all of my life. So, to build a place where I could serve nutrient-dense food, to have people enjoy it, from the wonderful flavors to the amazing staff, and to teach... is something I hold close to my heart. A business is sustainable when it does the right things, and we’ve been successful because of that. People recognize that we are doing all the right things. It’s not any one thing, it’s everything—homemade fresh baked goods, homemade soups, a diet that is gluten free, vegan, vegetarian, low fat, carnivorous, protein rich…. We have it all. No matter where you fit in the rainbow of eating classes, we have it. TC: Where did you grow up? Did certain things about your childhood or where you were raised influence how you operate the Refectory? LH: I grew up on Long Island. We loved fresh food and farmers’ markets. I grew up eating corn off the stalks. I did the corporate thing to get the training; I got familiar with it, and that is what gave me the skills to do what I wanted to do. I went into sales and marketing, was very successful at

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Refectory owner Laura Hall has spent the last five years advocating for local, organic food through her two campus eateries. it, and it made me financially independent. At that point, I got the opportunity to do something that was good, and that’s what we are doing [at the Refectory]. When you strive for perfection, you get pretty close. TC: When and how did you end up settling in Raleigh? LH: During my corporate career, I moved and traveled all over to incorporate what we were doing locally on an international level. I moved to Raleigh three times, and it was in between 14 different moves that I ultimately chose North

Carolina as a permanent home. I love fresh air and sunshine, and I just wanted more time outside. North Carolina gave me four seasons, the fresh air and sunshine, the great food [and] the long growing seasons without putting me in Florida. TC: How did the Refectory become what it is today? LH: The first few years were very tough. We created this concept—the green eating concept—for Duke. We slowly networked with farms in the area, and today we are linked with 30 local farms. If I can keep it within North Carolina and do business with local North Carolinian farmers, then I will. The first step was to first create the menu, the right menu. Then, it was important to find a staff that understood what I was trying to do. Our vegetables are fresh and beautiful, cauliflower that’s purple…. Have you ever seen purple cauliflower elsewhere? You know why it’s purple? Because it’s fresh and local. Local farmers are able to have diversity in their food because they aren’t dealing with large dealers or distributors, which may be efficient but very unhealthy. I remember when we first started, one of the ways we advertised ourselves was by making a big pot of chili and serving samples to as many people as we could. We took a thousand spoons and went at it, and when people asked if we were out of plastic cups, I said, “No cups, just spoons. One scoop per person. Let’s reduce the trash,” and people were thrilled. As soon as they realized our prices were competitive with other options on campus, business took off. TC: On average, how many students does the Refectory serve a day during the academic year? How do you manage during the summer when fewer people are on campus? LH: We serve approximately 800 students every day during the academic school year. It drops significantly during the summer, but we are here to serve the Duke community year round. We account for the drop in customers during the summer by working extremely hard when students are here. We have seven months on, and five months off if you count spring break and Christmas and the other vacations. But we take on as much as physically possible during the school year, and starting this fall we’re expanding to start serving breakfast on Saturdays. We’ll be open seven days a week. We’ve already See hall on page 26

the chronicle

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Report questions Teach for America effectiveness by Brynne Sekerak THE CHRONICLE

One of the nation’s most lauded educational programs has recently felt some heat, but program officials and several participants who entered from Duke reject the criticism. The Education and Public Interest Center at the University of Colorado at Boulder released a policy brief in June offering policy recommendations for policymakers considering hiring instructors through Teach for America. TFA pairs recent college graduates—normally without prior teaching experience, but often from elite universities—

with poor performing schools. The program aims to lure some of America’s best students into teaching careers while simultaneously providing at-risk classrooms with the enthusiasm and energy of new graduates. “Research on the impact of TFA teachers produces a mixed picture, with results affected by the experience level of the TFA teachers and the group of teachers with whom they are compared,” the report, titled “A Review of the Evidence,” notes. “There is little reason to expect any consensus on the question of relative effectiveness, or to expect test score data to quiet the debate.”

steph gandelman/The Chronicle

Students speak with recruiters for Teach for America at a career fair in Von Canon in the Bryan Center. The program pairs graduates from the nation’s top schools with underperforming schools throughout the country.

Department of Cultural Anthropology Fall 2010

Space is still available. Enroll now! 104.01

Anthropology and Film

O’Barr MW Film/Lecture 3:05-5:25 Course Number 2085 Study of the representation of non-US cultures in the genre of major motion pictures (as opposed to ethnographic film).


Culture/Politics of Contemporary Europe

McIntosh MW 8:30-9:45 Course Number 14104 Critically examine current scholarship on the anthropology of Europe and social and political theories on the perplexities of identities, citizenship, nationalism and national identity formation.


Culture/Politics of Native America

Jacobsen TuTh 4:25-5:40 Course Number 15847 Explore past and contemporary conditions of American Indian life, with an emphasis on North America.


From Engagement to Research Design

Byerly Th 6:00-8:30 Course Number 16151 This interdisciplinary course is designed to help students transform their summer engagement experience into meaningful research questions that will frame a future senior thesis.


Music & Noise: Sound in Social Life

Meintjes TuTh 11:40-12:55 Course Number 16498 This course considers sonic environments as socially cultivated and sound production (recording, processing, mixing) and listening as cultural practices, intricately shaped by acoustic space.


Social Movements/Cultural Revolutions

Byerly WF 11:40-12:55 Course Number 2100 This course investigates the phenomenon of social movements and cultural revolutions globally.


Middle East in Popular Culture

Stein W 3:05-5:25 Course Number 16650 This course studies the role that popular culture plays in the contemporary Middle East and how the Middle East is reflected in US popular culture. Course includes study of film, television, graphic novels, video games, internet technologies, and tourism.


Religion & Social Transformation in S. Asia

Subramanian TuTh 11:40-12:55 Course Number 9417 Consider the making of religious identity in colonial and postcolonial South Asia, and contemporary debates over secularism, conversion, and citizenship that continue to rage in the subcontinent.


Writing Ethnography

Stack Th 4:25-6:55 Course Number 16760 Writing ethnography is the other side of the coin when you finish your fieldwork. In this seminar we will read a variety of magnificent classic and contemporary ethnographies in order to contemplate the ways anthropologists construct their narratives out of long engagements in the field.

The document, compiled by Julian Vasquez Heilig and Su Jin Jez, draws on a number of studies performed on TFA between 2001 and 2010 that demonstrate the disagreement among experts over the program’s effectiveness. The report recommends that school districts only support TFA staffing when the alternative is employing uncertified instructors or emergency teachers and substitutes. Policymakers should recognize the “significant recurring costs of TFA”—the result of a high turnover rate among teachers—and consider other options that will serve schools in the long-term, the report notes. Although the report finds that experience has a positive effect for both TFA and

non-TFA teachers, the report notes that it is difficult to compare the performance of TFA teachers with other credentialed instructors. Many graduates who participate in TFA do not intend on serving as teachers for their entire career. Although the experience of working for TFA before going into other sectors might increase social-conciousness, the report notes that the extent to which the TFA experience is responsible for this attitude remains unclear. Several Duke TFA alumni, however, have found the experience indispensable. Duke boasts one of the largest representations See TFA on page 26

12 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle




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the chronicle

THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 13

Summer 2010


A photo essay by Christina Peña, Zachary Tracer and Melissa Yeo 1. Recent Class of 2010 graduates walk in front of friends and family in Wallace Wade Stadium at this year’s commencement. 2. Members of the men’s lacrosse team celebrate their May 31 national championship win, the first in the team’s history. 3. The men’s basketball team stands for photos with President Barack Obama at a May 27 Rose Garden ceremony honoring the team’s fourth national championship win. 4. Head coach Mike Krzyzewski shares his expertise with a participant in K Academy,a fantasy basketball camp held in Cameron Indoor Stadium. 5. Middle and high schoolers from around the country converge on campus for Duke’s Talent Identification Program’s summer camps. 6. Camera Obscura performs in a special edition of Duke’s Music in the Gardens summer series June 2.



Program in Latino/a Studies in the Global South at Duke University

Undergrads, a seat awaits you in the following Fall semester courses: BRAND NEW course LSGS 181S.03 "Latino/a Autobiography/Memoir" CERTIFICATE INTRO course LSGS 100S.01 "Intro to Latino/a Studies in the Global South" SPAN 181S.01 "Theorizing Latinidad" LSGS 181S.02 "Cuban America, Exile, Melancholia and Mourning" Full course list at

Email for more info on Program and Certificate.

14 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Athletics balances reputation and cost by Joanna Lichter THE CHRONICLE

With two national championships in the past four months, the University’s athletics program is among the elite. Staying there, though, is no simple task. Two years ago, the athletics department designed its first comprehensive plan to fully incorporate sports programs under the Duke umbrella. The plan, commissioned by President Richard Brodhead in September 2007, was intended as a model to fuse the University’s academic and athletics departments. Completed in April 2008, “Unrivaled Ambition” emphasized collaboration among coaches, admissions officials and administrators to ensure the ongoing success of the program in a “rapidly evolving athletic universe.” “The landscape of college athletics is constantly changing,” the plan reads. “Without a new model for funding athletics... we will not be able to retain our position and defend the brand that is so important to Duke’s continuing athletic and academic success.” The plan proposed a $325 million campaign to enhance sports programs and implement renovations to compensate for increasing costs in student scholarships, recruitment, facilities maintenance and staff salaries. It tentatively recommended directing $75 million to the Iron Duke fund, $100 million to capital projects and $150 million to scholarship endowments. But more than two years after the plan’s introduction, its goals have gone largely unrealized. The economic downturn sharply cut into athletics funding, squeezing individual sports program budgets by 7.5 percent, administrators said. “The whole strategic plan is sort of on the shelf right now,” said Deputy Director of Athletics Chris Kennedy. “Not surprisingly, charitable giving has really taken a hit everywhere.... So all that stuff was put on hold.” But the University’s legacy has long been bolstered by the continuing suc-

cess of its athletics program. In the new age of shrinking costs, maintaining the strength of the Duke brand is becoming more about innovation—discovering new points of success without driving up costs. A race to the top? When Wallace Wade Stadium opened in 1929, the arena was equipped with 33,941 seats and admired for its innovation and design. But until about two years ago, the stadium had not seen substantial improvements for almost 80 years. Its seating capacity remains at its 1929 level—the smallest in the ACC after Wake Forest University. But in the age of the facilities “arms race,” having high quality facilities is all but necessary to ensure successful recruitment and a high fan turnout. “When the University of North Carolina revamped its football stadium... it set in motion a tidal wave that swept across the ACC, reaching Duke in the late [’90s],” the plan reads. “The facilities message is simple: more or less continuous improvement is central to the ability to attract the best coaches and athletes and thus to win.” For the most part, however, Duke has largely abstained from this arms race, choosing instead to direct funds at developing individual programs. “We have been laggers in the arms race and we’ve done a lot but we haven’t done much compared to other people,” said Executive Vice President Tallman Trask. “The most obvious issue is Wallace Wade—the chicken or the egg problem. Do you fix it before [the fans] come, or do they come before you fix it?” Improvements to Wallace Wade have, however, become a priority for the athletics department, Cragg said. Currently, members of the Bostock Group—consisting of influential donors and alumni including Roy Bostock, Trinity ’62—are considering plans to completely renovate the stadium, a project that could


See athletics on page 22

Duke looks to establis by Matthew Chase THE CHRONICLE

The mayor of Kunshan, China is the proud owner of a signed Duke basketball. Soon, though, his city—which is located near the metropolis of Shanghai—will receive much more of Duke than a piece of its memorabilia. A five-building Duke campus is set to open in the region by January 2012, when it will host some of the Fuqua School of Business’ programming. And Kunshan is not the only region partnering with Fuqua, which has connections with London, Dubai, New Delhi and St. Petersburg, and has plans to establish programs in other areas as well. Because of Duke’s growing international presence, the University created a new Office of Global Strategy and Programs April 16. “We have been doing global programs since 1995, so having a brand for global business education is not new,” said Fuqua Dean

Blair Sheppard. “What’s new is having a physical presence that supports the activity.” Although the business school is the driving force behind much of Duke’s internationalization efforts, it is not the only area at Duke that is looking to conduct programs abroad. A June delegation sent to the Kunshan site included the deans of many graduate programs as well as Steve Nowicki, dean and vice provost for undergraduate education. Outside of Kunshan, the University has ties in Singapore, with the Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, completed February 2009. As the University becomes increasingly global, it is using its locations across the world partially to enhance its international presence. “At the Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore, you drive up the hill and the first thing you see is Duke,” Sheppard said. “The more people we have wearing Duke T-shirts

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 15

GA D Duke Medicine works to shape positive image by Taylor Doherty THE CHRONICLE

This year, Duke Medicine will care for 60,000 inpatients, treat 1.4 million outpatients and graduate nearly 300 medical and nursing students. Internationally known, Duke Medicine has a reputation strong enough that, according to one health industry insider, competitors call Duke Medicine “Teflon Duke”— even when it missteps, its name escapes unscathed. And a marketing expert called Duke Medicine one of the “cash monsters;” after all, funding a hospital with a global brand is an expensive undertaking. But given the structure of the highly competitive local health care industry, retaining an edge requires extensive and constant marketing. For Duke, most of the competition takes place within North Carolina’s borders—where it draws the vast majority of its patients—against local rivals, especially UNC Health Care and WakeMed Health and Hospitals. It’s fighting for the “share of health care mind,” said Guy Miller, a partner at REACH3, a customer relationship management company in the health care industry headquartered in Wisconsin.

“[Duke Medicine has] a very sophisticated, 360 [degree] view and 24/7 marketing communications commitment,” Miller said. “Because, it’s not just the general advertising, it’s also the PR, it’s the communications, it’s their relationships with local and national journalists.... That is the fulltime job for a number of people at Duke.” Miller’s firm helps Duke Medicine achieve its long-term goals through customer relationship management by identifying specific individuals who would likely become patients of the health system. The work means compiling a vast database of names, determining who is likely to need a certain type of care, reaching out to the potential patient and—months later—seeing if it all worked. Miller calls it “CRM” and of the approximately 6,000 community hospitals across the country, only about 10 percent are using the data technique. Bruce Kennedy, assistant vice president for marketing management for the Duke University Health System, declined to disclose how much it pays REACH3 because it might compromise their competitive intelligence edge. But Miller described Duke Medicine’s spending on the service “significant.” See duke medicine on page 23

sh global recognition

n Shanghai, the more people we have wearng Duke bags... it’s a funny thing, it helps rand our brand. And that’s our goal.”

Venturing abroad The University’s presence abroad dates ack to the 1990s, when the office of the vice rovost for international affairs position was reated in 1994. In the 2006 “Making a Diference” strategic plan, administrators cited hallenging international events, includng the attacks of Sept. 11 and invasion of Afghanistan, as reasons why the University must forge international partnerships to enhance education and research.” And as Duke establishes more programs broad, more international students are comng to study at the University. The number of nternational students in the Trinity College f Arts and Sciences alone has increased by at east 12 percent in the past five years.

In an increasingly global world—and with more international students studying at Duke’s Durham campus—making connections with foreign countries is important, said Sanford School of Public Policy Dean Bruce Kuniholm, who formerly served as vice provost for academic and international affairs. Sanford already has several international programs, including the new Global Semester Abroad projected to start next Spring, in which participants will spend half of a semester in China and the other half in India. Additionally, the Duke Center for International Development, which is part of Sanford, currently trains foreign officials in Durham through its Executive Education programs. But Kuniholm, who was a member of the early June delegation that visited the site in See global on page 25

Chronicle graphics by melissa yeo

16 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

sperling from page 3 “Duke is always growing, changing and innovating and it’s wonderful to keep current and to be a part of everything that is new at Duke,” she said. “I think it’s incredibly important for the University to have alumni bring their expertise and the many talents they have developed after their time at the University.” Members of the Library Advisory Board said they believe Sperling will make an excellent Trustee and are sad that she must leave the position as chair. “I think she’s an extremely good thinker and a very good team builder,” said Douglas Beckstett, Trinity ’74 and a member of the Library Advisory Board. “She’s done a good job attracting new and diverse members to the board and gaining different perspectives.” In addition to the Library Advisory Board, Sperling is president of the Sperling Family Charitable Foundation and is also chair of the Bell Foundation, which works with elementary and middle school after-school programs to

increase students’ abilities to perform in the classroom. She also serves on several other boards, including the Board of New Profit Inc. and the Board of Dean’s Advisors for Harvard Business School, where she earned her MBA in 1982. Sperling’s extensive experience with non-profit groups, coupled with her long post-graduate involvement with the University, made her an appealing candidate for the Board of Trustees, said Michael Schoenfeld, vice president for public affairs and government relations. “She has a wide diversity of experiences, skills and interests, and that’s what you want to reflect the wide range of things Trustees have to deal with on the Board,” Schoenfeld said. He added that the Board, which has 37 members, is comprised of people who enjoy expertise in a variety of different fields but are united by their passion for Duke. “She is somebody who is an absolute representative of excellence and commitment to Duke, which is needed on the Board.”

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law school from page 4 to help graduates secure jobs. She added that the process has been successful so far, noting that employers have given positive feedback about the program. As students prepare for full-time employment in the program, they acquire experience and skills, Vaughn said. As the economy improves, she added that she hopes to see the number of students participating in the program decrease. There were nine participants in 2008 and 15 in 2009. “I was an intern at the Durham County District Attorney’s office the semester before graduating, but they didn’t have an open position for me after I was done,” said Kyle Pousson, Law ’08. Pousson explained that the Bridge to Practice program allowed him to continue his work in the district attorney’s office and get the job he wanted when it opened up. He added that the opportunity gave him chances to practice in the courtroom and review cases under a supervisor. “I loved the program, it was perfect for me,” Pousson said. “It gave me the flexibility to work for what I wanted to, and eventually get the job and help me through financial means while I was waiting to be hired.” Duke is not the only law school helping its graduates find employment. The University of Texas at Austin School of Law also established a program that offers stipends for recent graduates to work in non-paying internships. Additionally, the Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law launched a program called “Test Drive,” which pays employers to hire its recent graduates, according to the Above the Law blog. A significant advantage of the Bridge to Practice program is that it lets students work with large public interest legal organizations, said Michael Hiatt, Law ’09, who now works as an associate attorney for Earthjustice, a public interest law firm that protects the environment. Hiatt noted that his work at the Environmental Defense Fund during the Bridge to Practice program helped him receive later job offerings. “The hiring process for public interest organizations differs greatly from the typical hiring process for law firms, where students usually receive job offers prior to graduation,” Hiatt said. “Public interest organizations typically only hire attorneys with prior experience practicing law, and the Bridge fellowship helps provide that experience.” Hiatt added that he hopes to see the Bridge to Practice program receive more funding and expand the length of the fellowship. “With additional funding, the program could be expanded and would provide an important measure to further Duke law’s commitment to encourage its graduates to use the skills and knowledge they gain at Duke law for a career of public service,” Hiatt said.

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the chronicle

THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 17

bull city from page 1 Andrew Kindman, Trinity ’10, will be entering the Master’s Program in Economics when the summer ends, and will stay in Durham until he completes the degree in 2013. “It was sort of an accident,” he said. “It was a terrific opportunity that I couldn’t turn down. I’m excited to be around for a couple years and enjoy the city.” A former director of the Duke Coffeehouse, Kindman plans on keeping up with Durham’s vibrant music scene, though to a “little less of an extent”—he’ll be saddled with a decidedly more substantial workload as a graduate student. Kindman attended high school at Durham Academy— just down the road from West Campus—so he has had years to acclimate himself to the Durham lifestyle. And he is quick to point out the vast changes that have greeted the city since he matriculated at Duke. “The Durham that I grew up in is very different from the Durham you see today,” he said. “It’s like an entirely different city. The city’s changing so fast it’s hard to get sick of anything.”

The change Kindman spoke of began with the development of Brightleaf Square in the 1980s and the construction of a new ballpark for the city’s cherished Durham Bulls, but has picked up the tempo in the last few years. Kindman mentioned that as freshmen, the members of the Class of 2010 would not have been likely to head to downtown Durham on a Saturday night, but now that area is a destination. The last few years have seen pockets of new bars and restaurants sprout up all over town, and the skyline is now accentuated by the Durham Performing Arts Center. Word is spreading to the enclaves up north about Durham’s opportunities for the young and cash-strapped. In a study published last May in The Daily Beast, Richard Florida—Director of the University of Toronto’s Martin Prosperity Institute and, as The Daily Beast put it, an “urban guru”—ranked Durham fourth on his list of “Best Cities For College Grads,” calling it a “likely spot for young gogetters.” In 2008, Forbes ranked Raleigh-Durham eighth on its list of best cities for recent graduates, and In 2009 placed it fourth in terms of job opportunities. For those with enough cash to break up the Ramenonly diet every now and then, Durham has one of the most

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

More Duke alumni are finding staying in Durham after graduation appealing, and a thriving social scene has developed in the city.

dynamic restaurant scenes in the South. Bon Appetite magazine famously called the Durham-Chapel Hill nexus “America’s Foodiest Small Town” in October 2008, lauding the many chefs’ fierce devotion to local and organic farms. The article praised dishes that don’t empty your wallet and are served just around the corner: the pimiento cheese sandwich at Parker and Otis; tacos from the venerable Taqueria La Vaquita; rosemary ice pops from LocoPops. An article in The New York Times this past April echoed the sentiment. The article—“Durham, a Tobacco Town, Turns to Local Food”—drooled over the expert plates of Southern-tinged specialties at Watts Grocery, Piedmont and the Washington Duke Inn and Golf Club, all of which are walking distance from Duke’s campus. Adrienne Brower-Lingsch, Trinity ’10, said she plans on staying in Durham for the next year as she prepares for the MCAT and applies to medical schools. After hearing from friends that they were planning on spending some time in Durham, she created the Facebook group “Graduate... maybe, leave...never!: Duke Class 2010 in Durham and Chapel Hill.” It currently has 50 members. “I made the group because I heard from people who are staying for a year or more,” she said. “We want to expand the social circle, and I hope people from our class will continue to do stuff together.” Brower-Lingsch also wants to peek outside the Duke bubble now that she’s graduated and discover some of the untold number of events that occur all over the Triangle every weekend. “I’m not going to, like, cross off everywhere I went [as an undergraduate], but I want to take advantage of places,” she said. “A lot of us here are really interested in exploring the state parks—we went to the Eno river a week or so ago—and the different little festivals.” Even when the economic woes ease up a bit, and 20-somethings discover they have more of a choice in where they can settle down, O’Neill said he still thinks Durham will pull in a large share of Duke graduates each year. The city is on the “upspring,” he said. For O’Neill, Durham has never lost its appeal. Before he was in charge of directing the Alumni events for Duke graduates who decide to stay in the area, he was one of them. He left Durham after his senior year, only to return soon after. “Once I came back to Durham I realized that I loved working at Duke and I loved living in Durham,” he said. “It’s a great place to work and a great place to live.”



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18 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Onstage in Page

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

The Barriskill Dance Theatre presents Seussical! The Musical! in Page Auditorium. The show, which takes inspiration from more than 20 Seuss stories, was performed four times total from June 25-27.

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 19

bonfield from page 6

fees from page 8

challenged than others? Absolutely. I think that it’s an issue. But I don’t think that there’s any place in the country where you can’t worry about crime. The fact of the matter is that Durham is generally a safe place. It compares statistically to peer cities, typically above the 50th percentile. Do we want to be better? Absolutely, but if you think about it, most Duke students travel off campus with their activities in a safe environment. TC: You were drafted by the New York Yankees in 1977. Can you tell me a little bit about your baseball career? TB: Obviously, my professional career with the New York Yankees was pretty short. I was just lucky to be a good baseball player—in high school my team went to the state championships, I went to college on a full baseball scholarship—that helped pay for my school. I had lots of great experiences playing baseball, and it’s part of my past [and] certainly part of what I am today, even professionally. Obviously all the clichés about hard work, dedication, teamwork—I think all these things have contributed to my success in local government and I wouldn’t change these experiences for the world. It was fun, but also a part of me becoming the person I am with the skills I have. TC: What is your favorite thing about Durham? Or do you have a certain favorite place in Durham to go to? TB: Well, I wouldn’t say there is any one place that is my favorite place in Durham. There are so many places that I enjoy— there are so many aspects of downtown that I like, or places around Duke’s campus. But I would say my favorite place is just sitting in my backyard in the evening and looking at Eno River Sate Park.

residential area should have a number of events,” Gonzalez said. The house and quad councils are required to have eight events per semester that are a mix of community outreach, cultural and faculty interaction, housekeeping appreciation and quad-centric activity, according to a Campus Council bylaw. “The ones that are definitely the most popular are the ones that [have] free food,” said rising senior Connor Bevans, outgoing president of Wannamaker Quad Council. The quad and house councils receive their funding from Campus Council, which ensures they use their funding according to guidelines. “Every penny of [our budget] goes back to students in one form or another,” said Campus Council President Stephen Temple, a rising senior. “That’s the driving force behind this—how can we benefit.” Temple said the Council tries to fund some unique events that might not otherwise take place, but also gives a portion of its funding to bigger events like LDOC. He also said Campus Council provides funding for individual student projects. “I would encourage students to attend events, apply to the CC finance committee to put on their own events and become active in their house or quad council so that they can influence how the funds [from student fees] are used,” Temple said. If students become involved on campus, they are more likely to see the direct results of their fees, Tabachnik said. “Talk to people, see what’s going on, check your calendar and go out there,” Tabachnik said. “That’s when you’ll get the Duke experience.”


20 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

ward from page 3 non-traditional leadership role has allowed her to inspire young women both inside and outside the church community, she added. After completing her undergraduate degree at Duke, Ward worked as a teacher and mission leader before enrolling in the Divinity School as part of a church learning opportunity, which eventually led Ward to complete a Master’s of Divinity program. “As I took these courses extended to people in the community, I became more engaged in what was offered,” she said. “I have never been the most linear person. Doors open and horizons beckon along the way.” Since then, Ward has served on the Divinity School’s Board of Visitors and the Duke Alumni Association’s Board of Direc-

tors. She is also involved in a bishops’ leadership development group through the Divinity School. “She’s been a good friend to the Divinity School for many years who is involved in a variety of ways,” former Divinity School Dean Gregory Jones said. “People are drawn to her—she’s a great colleague who brings people together. She’s a bridge builder.” Jones met Ward 28 years ago in a reflection group she was leading for the Divinity School. “She is always pressing us to think larger and dream bigger,” Jones said. “I always think of her when I think of a larger future for the [Divinity] School, University or for the church.” Ward will be joining the academic affairs committee, which oversees all activities that support the academic mission of the University.

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“I’m eager to learn more about the broad spectrum of academic and research efforts at Duke,” Ward said. “Having been more focused on the Divinity School, I am very aware of that part, and I have a lot to learn from the other areas.” She noted that she was pointed toward Duke by her pastor with whom she watched Duke Basketball games as a little girl. Upon arriving she described “loving, loving exploring all sorts of possibilities,” but credits the summer of 1972 working with religion professors Carol and Eric Meyers in Israel as one of her most memorable experiences while at Duke. “I once fancied myself an archaeologist,” Ward said. “My life took a different turn, but it was a great adventure.” She happily recalled a later trip to Israel several years ago when she spotted some students digging in blue shirts. When she approached them, she discovered they were Duke students traveling with the Meyers. “She’s a special person, who is [one] of over 1,000 students [in this program]

through the years, and not all had the connections that she did,” Meyers said. “When you’re digging in the ground... uncovering coins and artifacts from 2,000 years ago in the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity, you really have an opportunity to discover [yourself]. This happened to Hope and many other students.” In addition to her travels to Israel, Ward spent a semester in the United Kingdom studying English literature, British literature and history. “These were important times expanding my horizons, helping me be the global person I always wanted to be through books,” Ward said. “Duke helped me actually have that global experience.” Ward noted that Duke has challenged and broadened her horizons, and has helped her communicate the mission of the church in the United States and internationally. “I’m still a learner at Duke after all these years and will continue to be,” Ward said. “I’m sure I will be greatly inspired by the things that are going on at Duke.”

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decisions from page 7 The wise man’s decision The Duke study raises the question of whether the longer life experience of older adults may offset cognitive decline and allow them to make better decisions. “Take Sully Sullenberger over the Hudson—he’s not a young man, but certainly all his experience played a role in him being able to make the right decision at the right time,” said David Madden, a researcher for the study and professor of medical psychology, referring to the pilot who successfully diverted a plane into the Hudson river. Henninger noted, however, that in many cases experience doesn’t affect decisionmaking, so the quality of the decision will ultimately depend on an individual’s cognitive abilities. But when experience does factor into the decision, older adults may have an advantage. “Whenever you’re making a decision about medicine... it is a disadvantage to have lower cognitive skills, but it’s an advantage to be older,” said Scott Huettel, associate pro-

fessor of psychology and neuroscience and director of the Center for Neuroeconomic Studies. “We think that’s a result of older adults having experience with medicine.” Huettel is currently looking into whether the different cognitive abilities and experience of individuals under the age of 18 impact the quality of their decision-making. He is working on the study with Elizabeth Brannon, director of graduate studies for the department of psychology and neuroscience. “Our prediction would be that yes, cognitive abilities would play into decisions even at the earlier ages,” Huettel said. “What we don’t know is whether there are other factors that would play in with these pre-adults.” Preventing cognitive decline The correlation of cognitive abilities to decision-making draws attention to whether cognitive decline can be prevented in aging adults. This question has been addressed by Brenda Plassman, associate professor of psychiatry. Plassman, working with the National Institutes of Health, identified factors that showed promising but limited results in maintaining cognitive health, such as physical

activity, a heart-healthy diet and involvement in cognitively stimulating activities such as reading, solving puzzles and attending the theater. Some studies also suggested that social interaction helps prevent cognitive decline. But the evidence was overall inconclusive. “Our systematic review had reviewed the evidence on a range of possible risk factors that might influence cognitive decline,” Plassman said. “We concluded that there was not sufficient evidence to recommend that any single act or factor is protective to cognitive decline in later life.” Plassman noted that future research studies regarding cognitive decline must change the way preventive factors are considered and the time frames in which individuals are tested. “It’s likely that no single factor works in isolation to protect the brain against deterioration, which means that future studies will need to look at multiple factors together,” she said. “We also know that for at least some types of dementia, like Alzheimer’s disease, the pathology of it begins years before the cognitive symptoms become obvious. That being the case, it means we need to start to study these factors in midlife or early life, and follow individuals for longer periods of time.”


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athletics from page 14 cost between $80 and $90 million, Trask said. Although the complete transformation of Wallace Wade may not be realized immediately, Cragg said improvements to the football program have yielded positive results on and off the playing field, which have led to financial donations. “We’ve been fortunate for a lot of projects, no matter what the sport... to have donors and alums that have supported our priorities and efforts at capital improvement,” Cragg said. Recruitment revamped Crucial to protecting the Duke Athletics brand is continuing to attract world-class athletes—and it takes more than having high quality facilities. Recruitment is often a lengthy process and costs upwards of $1 million annually. In 2006-2007, the athletics department spent about $1.2 million in recruitment, according to The Chronicle of Higher Education. Recruitment spending declined slightly to $1.09 million in 2008-2009, which Kennedy attributed to economic

effects and regular fluctuations in the number of available spots on the teams. Athletic recruitment, however, is a two-way street. On average, men’s basketball alone receives more than 1,000 athlete solicitations per year—including videos, letters, phone calls and e-mails, said David Bradley, recruiting coordinator for men’s basketball. “I’m sitting in my office with stacks of letters and DVDs,” Bradley said, adding that parents often market their children. Bradley said he receives a lot of material from parents of students in middle school, and once received a letter from a parent of a second grade “athlete.” In recent years, attempts to humanize the players on Duke’s teams seem to have paid off, Bradley said. Athletics personnel launched the Duke Blue Planet website in 2007 to market the softer side of the program to appeal to a wide range of recruits and fans. “With us going into any recruiting situation, a lot of schools start with a clean slate. But everyone knows about Duke and everyone knows about Coach K,” Bradley said. “Our program has an image of intensity but

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there’s a different side [of Krzyzewski] when he’s away from the court.” Evaluating Costs Before the strategic plan was released, Athletics only received funding from two branches of the University—the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and the Pratt School of Engineering. After the plan’s approval, its funding base expanded to different schools of the University, allowing increased funding to the athletics department. “[The] old assumption is that athletics is an undergraduate activity,” the plan reads. “This model, which was stretched to the breaking point in years past, now is clearly broken and needs to be replaced.” Responding to this need, the University increased its subsidy for athletics from $7.2 million to $15 million in May 2008, drawing funds from various parts of the University. Most of Athletics’ funding comes from the Iron Dukes fund, which covers about 80 percent of all athletic scholarships, according to the Iron Dukes Mission Statement and Purpose. Last year, the Iron Dukes donated about $10.7 million out of a total $13.3 million directed to athletically related student aid, according to the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act form. Duke, like most of its peers, does not have financially profitable sports programs. According to a June 17 report released by the Knight Commission, only seven schools nationwide have been profitable in each of the past five years. Most schools with profitable athletics programs have 70,000-seat football stadiums and 30,000-seat basketball arenas, Trask said. Cragg, however, said continuing athletics programs is important for fostering University culture and providing opportunities for “every class of student.” “Historically, college athletics have always been run that way,” Cragg said. “Very few schools have the opportunity for revenue in most sports. It’s not just about the revenue producing.” Revenue does not capture the full value of the athletics programs, Cragg added. As Trask noted, students at Duke do not pay an athletics fee to attend games on campus. “We give students probably the most valuable seats in college basketball,” Trask said, estimating that individuals who sit on top of the student section donate about $25,000 per year. Cragg pointed to the recent addition of the women’s rowing team, which is one of several Duke sports programs that do not generate revenue. The program, however, provides a niche for high school rowers who are looking for strong academic programs. “It’s not just about the revenue producing of football or women’s basketball,” Cragg said. “It is an acrossthe-board appreciation for sports and opportunity. At no school in America is there just a cost-benefit analysis simply based on money. That’s not how it’s been done here.”


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Administrators in the Duke Athletics Department are looking for ways to improve the Duke brand while still spending conservatively. The quality of the University’s facilities is one of the major points of debate.

the chronicle

THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 23

duke medicine from page 15 The evolution of a brand Shortly after Dzau’s 2004 arrival at the University, Duke Medicine emerged as the term encompassing all aspects of Duke’s health-related endeavors: biomedical research, education and patient care. It is an umbrella term, comprising the clinical settings as well as the academic and research arms of the health system. A request to speak with Dzau was referred to Molly O’Neill, chief strategic planning officer and vice president for business development for DUHS. An interview with O’Neill was canceled, however, and could not be rescheduled before press deadline. All comment on the Duke Medicine brand was referred to Kennedy.

“It was a bold move because no one else was out there branding themselves like that.” — Guy Miller, REACH3 partner When officials were searching for a name to become synonymous with the many branches of the Duke health enterprise, keeping “Duke” in the name was obvious, Kennedy said, whereas deciding on ”Medicine” was less traditional. But surveys had found that consumers, referring doctors and community partners were immediately struck by the term, he said. It was a move that differentiated the health system from its competitors, but it also represented a substantial undertaking, Miller said. “It was a bold move because no one else was out there branding themselves like that,” he said. “Any time you go through a brand evolution... that’s a two to three year commitment to your community, to your patients, to your internal staff, to your medical staff, to your board, to insurers, to employers... all of those different audiences need to be educated as to, ‘What does Duke Medicine mean to you?’” What Duke Medicine meant to Duke was a greater emphasis on the health system’s primary care. Although the health system has traditionally been associated with its academic and research units, Kennedy said the brand name helped further the mission of emphasizing the health system’s primary care because Duke Medicine did not have to be associated with just research, academia or the University’s campus. The shift in philosophy also meant emphasizing the system’s statewide presence; Duke Medicine has locations in 28 cities across North Carolina. In addition to the complex procedures that the organization is well known for, the Duke Medicine marketing team sought to inform patients that primary care and more standard procedures are per-

formed with the same standard of excellence throughout Duke Medicine’s many locations, Kennedy said. Duke Medicine has worked hard to support outpatient operations, which includes primary care, urgent care and special care, he added. The system’s expansion in the state has aided Duke Medicine’s presence as a community provider. At the onset, it seemed difficult for Duke to excel both as an academic medical center and a community provider, said Dawn Carter, president of Health Planning Source, a Durham consulting firm that assists hospitals in strategy and planning. Duke is not a regular client of HPS, but has occasionally received HPS’ assistance on projects. As the organization worked with the University on a facility in Knightdale, Carter was told that Duke Medicine’s mission encompassed both the academic and primary care side of care. “[At the time I said,] ‘I think it’s going to be really challenging for Duke,’” Carter said. “To be honest, they’re pulling it off better than I thought they’d be able to.” Courting the public After adopting the Duke Medicine name, the marketing team assembled a campaign to establish the brand.

The efforts were particularly robust within a 90-mile radius of Duke, Kennedy said. Health system administrators began introducing employees to the Duke Medicine name in 2005, and in the middle of 2006, officials kicked off a public campaign for Duke Medicine, Kennedy said. Duke Medicine purchased print, radio, online and television advertisements. Videos in which doctors explained Duke Medicine directly to patients sought to break down walls between the health system and its patients, Kennedy said. A second campaign beginning in 2008 promoted Duke Medicine’s heart disease and cancer treatment. A survey in 2006 interviewed 1,500 customers and evaluated Duke Medicine based on 18 different attributes. When compared with a second survey conducted in 2009, Kennedy said there was an increase in Duke Medicine’s ratings of community mindfulness. “They’re one of the leader hospitals that really do, as a health care organization, have a significant and sophisticated understanding of what marketing is,” Miller said. “And marketing just is not putting ‘Duke Medicine’ on a TV commercial. Marketing is identifying patients and prospects that need that kind of care [and] reaching them on a one-to-one basis.”


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The Fuqua School of Business’ campus in Kunshan, China, is set to open in January 2012. The city sparked Duke’s interest by being one of the most economically successful county-level regions in China.

kunshan from page 4 “There’s clearly concern and we regularly engage in conversation about engaging Chinese culture and concerns, but we also have to respect the autonomy of their own government,” Jones said, adding that the University would become involved if a situation were to directly affect the campus. Duke did recently communicate with Chinese officials regarding cyberattacks earlier this year on Google that may be linked to Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Duke’s partner in building the Kunshan campus. “We asked questions and we were satisfied with the responses that we got,” Jones said. It may never be clear if SJTU was involved in the attacks, Jones added. He went on to stress the importance of being cautious in intercultural relations. China may come with political and economic challenges, but Jones said both entities ultimately have a lot to gain from the partnership. “[Our relationship] will make Duke a better university and it will make Kunshan a better city,” Jones said.

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global from page 15 Kunshan, said Sanford has plans to set up more international programs, possibly partnering with Fuqua. “We have an obligation to internationalize our faculty, student body and curriculum so that our students are better suited,” Kuniholm said. “Bringing those people here not only helps their development, but it helps our students. We are not an island.” Establishing programs abroad also allows countries to share their education practices, especially since the Western liberal arts tradition is foreign in some regions, Nowicki said. By contrast, many other countries, including China, focus on placing students on track for specific professions. “They need to understand what we are doing in our liberal approach, and we need to understand what they are doing in their more professionally-tracked approach, and we need to understand what are the points of intersection that would benefit our students,” Nowicki said. In total, Duke has established partnerships and exchanged agreements, including research agreements and departmental partnerships, with more than 300 institutions across the world, according to the Duke International website. And venturing abroad may be attracting more applicants. Undergraduate admissions materials often emphasize study abroad programs and DukeEngage international projects—among domestic applicants, DukeEngage is cited more than anything else as why students choose to enroll at Duke, according to Director of DukeEngage Eric Mlyn. And Sheppard said Fuqua has seen an increase in applications since emphasizing global education. The school has seen a 10 percent increase in its applications in the past year, and its yield also increased 10 percent, he said. “If you dig and ask people why, they say that it’s because of your global strategy,” Sheppard said. A better “brand” Going global is not unique to Duke, however. Many other universities have engaged in what some call an “educational gold rush”—New York University recently established a full undergraduate program in Abu Dhabi in the Persian Gulf, and many other universities have created international programs that differ from studying abroad.

THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 25

But Sheppard said Fuqua—whose website claims that its Cross Continent MBA Program is one of a kind—has a different approach to establishing global networks. Many schools are driven to use global programs as revenue generators, but Sheppard said he is wary of building up the Duke brand so much that the school loses its unique size. “We probably should be a little bigger, but not much,” he said, adding that Fuqua does not need to expand by much to be competitive with other top-tier business schools. “If you go a lot bigger you lose a sense of what makes the place special. NYU doesn’t have the same kind of campus-based, community-based type of education. They could get as big as they want.” Sheppard emphasized that the business school is careful not to extend itself in certain locations merely to turn a profit. Instead, the school seeks out locations that are some of “the world’s most important economic regions,” according to the Cross Continent MBA program’s website. “The problem is as soon as you start doing it for marketbased reasons you end up making decisions that you don’t want to,” he said. That was the case with the University’s first international campus founded in 1999—the Fuqua School of Business Europe in Frankfurt, Germany, Sheppard said. Many of the site’s offices were cut due to declining interest among European students, The Chronicle reported in 2002. The site was later closed because of overexpansion, enrollment and financial issues. “That was a case where we actually followed a financial offer. We learned, if you take a step back and say where is the optimal place to be in western Europe, you wouldn’t have said Frankfurt,” Sheppard said. “The first thing we learned is don’t follow money, go to the right place.” Duke is careful to establish itself only in regions where it has an academic interest, said Gregory Jones, vice president and vice provost for global strategy and programs. “We might get an overture from a wealthy country that’s financially quite positive, but if we don’t have the faculty or it’s not the right culture... it would be very mistaken for us to just look at the financial resources,” Jones said. The University must also ensure that its international programs do not waste money. Most funding for these programs comes from external resources, such as the foreign

governments themselves. The Kunshan government, for instance, is providing 200 acres of land and footing the bill for the five-building campus. But the situation is different in other corners of the world—the Indian parliament is currently considering a bill that would require universities to invest at least $11 million before establishing a university in the country, which could be a possible deterrent for Duke, Jones said. Investing in locales without strong financial systems—such as sub-Saharan Africa—may prove difficult, he added. As the University attempts to trim its administrative budget at home, however, Jones admitted that devising a global strategy seems strange. Although the possibility of using foreign programs to turn a profit exists—and many universities are venturing abroad for this reason —administrators are quick to acknowledge that Duke’s focus is different. “There are some institutions that are going largely to plant their own flag and do what they do in the U.S. now in another context,” Jones said. “Our approach has been to develop deep relationships and to spend a lot of time listening to what our partners hope and want to develop.” Although most of the University’s global ventures are partnerships, Duke’s name receives substantial publicity because of its investments across the board. Mlyn said DukeEngage programs help spread the Duke name, adding that its projects have been featured in local newspapers in countries such as Turkey and Vietnam. “Utilization of international partnerships as a strategy places Duke in a competitive advantage in recruiting the best talent, and also to build a bond with lifelong learners that makes Duke a ubiquitous entity in their lives,” according to an article about Duke’s brand published earlier this year by Henry Alphin, a Drexel University graduate student. As is clear from the Duke logos plastered on the burgeoning international programs and Duke Athletics memorabilia around the world—even in the Kunshan mayor’s office—Duke is venturing outside of Durham. But it still has its original reputation to uphold. “It’s clearly reputational for us. We can’t afford to compromise it—if we do things of low quality, it will hurt the overall reputation of the University,” Jones said.

26 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

TFA from page 11 in TFA this year, second to Northwestern University, TFA Regional Spokesperson Kaitlin Gastrock said. Miho Kubagawa, Trinity ’07, was an economics major. Now a seventh grade math teacher, she disagrees with arguments that TFA fails to create teachers who remain active in education—teachers participating in TFA bring enthusiasm to the classroom. “There’s something to be said about the energy that recent grads bring to the teaching profession,” Kubagawa said. “In my first year of teaching, I would get to school by 7 a.m. and would not leave until 7 p.m. with about two hours of work to do at home.” With two children at home, research analyst Kevin Haynes, Trinity ’03 and a former participant of TFA, would not be able to commit to such a demanding schedule now. But the enthusiasm and willingness of recent graduates to dedicate themselves to a cause more than

makes up for the perceived lack of teaching experience, Haynes said. “Due to a lack of familial responsibilities at the time, compared to more experienced teachers that have families they are responsible for at home, it allows for most recent grads to give more time to their students,” he said. Although the report estimates that 80 percent of TFA participants do not stay past three years, Gastrock said that 55 percent of TFA alumni are still teaching professionally. Gastrock also explained the importance of reviews by school principals that had TFA participants in their classrooms. She said 94 percent of principals surveyed said TFA corps members have made a positive impact in their school, and that almost as many found the TFA teachers to have training equaling or superseding that of professional teachers. Some TFA alumni from Duke, however, do offer stories that support the program’s aim to foster a sense of educational responsibility in all of its participants—even those who do not pursue a career in education.

Kevin Fang, Trinity ’07, deferred admission from Case Western Reserve’s Medical School to have the TFA experience. After his commitment, Fang still remains an active advocate of education. He partnered with a local high school to create a program that brings their students to the medical school campus. They follow medical students and doctors to see what life is like at that level of education. The students in his programs are shown ways to think critically and problem solve. Although Fang did not stay on as a teacher, he has moved on to help education in a unique way. This summer, Fang will research the impact the program has on participants’ academic motivation and academic achievement. “We want to show them that medical students aren’t special, magical geniuses, and that they can be medical students too, if they want,” he said. “By empowering [the students] in this way academically, our hope is that they are more motivated to succeed in their own school.”

Lawson Kurtz/The Chronicle

Laura Hall’s Refectory, Duke’s first green cafe, has won numerous dining honors, including the Gold Culinary Excellence Award.

hall from page 10 begun for the summer, and we’re getting e-mails from people who are thanking us! Now, if you want to eat at the Refectory every day, you can. TC: What do you think about the fast-food options on campus? LH: I don’t pay attention to them. There’s a reason that they are there, and they’re there for the people that think about their pocket books before thinking about what they’re putting into their body. People like me, in our little corner of the world, are changing that environment. So eventually, those things are going to go away, or they’ll change, because they have to. Gandhi once said those who think one person is too small to make a small difference in the world never slept with a mosquito. When we started five years ago, things were very different. I walked around educating people about recycling, trash, even napkin use! You know, everyone needs to realize they only need one napkin. TC: Can you talk about the Refrectory’s atmosphere? LH: It was a white room when I first started. Our sandwich artist painted the fruit—the grapes—on the walls. We opened up with very little money, but slowly we worked on it and it turned into what you see today. We choose these shades of green and yellow, and one day, a Duke psychologist came in and said, “Who picked these colors?” I said, “I did.” She said, “Do you know what you’ve done?” I replied, “I’ve created a very nice environment for people to eat.” The psychologist said, “When somebody walks into all this green, its very inviting and calming, it’s like you’re being hugged. The yellow near the food is stimulating— stimulating people to buy and eat!” The whole Refectory is organic. The artwork, the music—all hand picked. TC: Would you ever consider leaving Duke and pursuing something else? LH: This whole thing is a passion. If it wasn’t, I wouldn’t be here. If it were to change, I wouldn’t be here. If Duke were to come along and say we don’t want you to do this part anymore, because times are tough and we want to save money, even though I don’t expect Duke to ever do so, it wouldn’t be the world I wanted. This is me, and this is a reflection of me.

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 29

The Chronicle

Thursday, July 1, 2010 Section B

Next stop: A closer Duke and Durham

by Ciaran O’Connor THE CHRONICLE

Durham’s newest project will provide a physical link between the city and its largest employer. Starting August 16, the Bull City Connector will provide transportation for both Dukies and Durhamites with six new hybrid/diesel buses running six days a week from the Duke Clinics on West Campus to the city’s downtown. The bus will seek to encourage students to take advantage of Durham’s downtown. Anant Jha, a rising sophomore from Minnesota, said he didn’t go into Durham “much at

all” his freshman year but would look forward to exploring what the city has to offer this year and take advantage of the bus route. Sunny Frothingham, an incoming freshman from Durham, said she feels the bussing service is a good example of how Duke has helped Durham’s community develop in recent years. The Bull City Connector will make it possible for her classmates to become acquainted with a city she already knows well, she added. “Recently, Durham’s downtown has been majorly revitalized,” she said, citing See connector on page 39 Chronicle graphic by melissa yeo

Replacement for Tommy’s among proposed Dining changes by Joanna Lichter THE CHRONICLE

Come this Fall, barbecue joint Tommy’s Rubs and Grubs may feature a new menu, more affordable prices, different hours of operation and a new name. Another restaurant will take the McClendon Tower spot, said Tom Meyer, Trinity ’91 and owner of Tommy’s and The Q-Shack. Meyer added that the new restaurant—which he would still operate—will offer healthier food options. “As far as I know it’s definitely happening,” Meyer said. “Assuming that we are able to get all the contracted work done and agree on the concept, I don’t see any reason why [the new restaurant] wouldn’t happen.” This is not the first time Tommy’s has considered closing—in the past year there have been several rumors of the restaurant shutting down. Director of Dining Services Jim Wulforst said the barbecue joint had not been generating substantial revenue in the past year, pointing to its relatively high prices and the construction of K4, the fourth wing of Keohane Quadrangle, nearby, which may have deterred customers from coming to the venue.

“The issue is with all the craziness going on over there, [Tom] was struggling to make ends meet there last year,” Wulforst said. But Tommy’s is not the only campus eatery that may soon see changes, said Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta. Moneta assumed responsibility for Duke Dining following the June departure of Kemel Dawkins, former vice president for campus services. Other changes to Dining could include the expansion of Marketplace seating and the reduction in the number of Merchants on Points vendors in the future, Moneta added. “Nothing dramatically different will happen when we open,” he said, referring to the Fall. “A high priority is East Campus dining and adequacy of space. We are just beginning to think about ways we can identify... additional food venue opportunities on East because we have more students than the Marketplace can really support.” Although plans are tentative, Moneta said if “quick fixes” are identified to alleviate See dining on page 45

faith robertson/The Chronicle

With Dining’s shift from Campus Services to Student Affairs, Vice President for Student Affairs Larry Moneta and Director for Dining Services Jim Wulforst are looking for ways to improve the dining experience.

30 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Open Courses in Public Policy Studies

Enroll now! There’s still space available!! Fall 2010 PPS 234S.01 Making Social Policy PPS 195.15 Presidential Transitions

MW 2:50-4:05, Cohen

The course is focused on examining the full range of presidential powers used so far by the Obama administration to take control of the government and its bureaucracy. Selecting one policy area - climate change, health care, or the military, for example -students will study each lever of power a resident has at his disposal to satisfy campaign promises, reverse previous policies and implement priorities. Most of the work will entail synthesizing the clues provided in the budget, signing statements, executive orders, regulatory reviews, appointments to high level offices, travel and communications. Sources will include official White House communications, the Compilation of Presidential Documents, campaign and transition material and other primary documents, including Freedom of Information Act requests.

PPS 195.24 International Political Economy

TTh 2:50-4:05, Bermeo

This is a lecture course that serves as an introduction to the study of international political economy. The focus is on the political and economic analysis of economic relations between states. Topics covered include trade, investment, foreign aid, financial crises, labor, immigration, and the environment, among others. As part of the course, students will participate in a policy simulation of an issue currently being debated in the international arena.

PPS 223S.01 Collective Action

W 2:50-5:20, Pfaff

Are collective or participatory decisions better? When and how, or which “collective”, “participatory” and “better”? Empirical evidence is growing and along with an orientation to environment/development questions is our objective. Evidence exists for sharing norms but also for the need to work with and deal with/guide self-interested strategies. Concepts of and choice affecting equity is one focus as is the provision of scientific information for policy making. We tour tools of experimental economics and some behavioral application, the common property resources literature starting with the famous tragedy of the commons plus competing models (following Ostrom), and then participation.

PPS 221.01 Media and Democracy T 2:50-5:20, Mickiewicz

This course examines the relationship between mass media and democracy mainly in the United States and as a part of American foreign policy making and implementation. It begins with a discussion of elections, in which the media, both “old” and “new” play an enormous role. We also discuss the way that both government and other institutions compete to set the issue agenda for the American public. “Framing” is central to the process by which certain interpretations of news events are targeted to different publics. Media and national security continue to display a constant tension and a history of revising the rules governing censorship and the press during military conflict. The economics of media have certainly gained center stage: the Internet and the cell phone; the “old” media and dying newspapers are all in the process of swift and profound change, while the public has become fragmented.

TuTh 11:40-12:55, Owen Looking at a range of social policy issues, this course focuses on 1) the policymaking process; 2) different roles in policymaking (government, the media, non-profits, and others); 3) when and why policymakers use research - and when and why they don’t; and 4) communicating with policymakers. The course exposes students to current social policy challenges stemming from health and human services, education, and other domains. The course includes visits from policymakers and visits to policymaking “events;” student work that combines policy and research considerations; and the potential for students to contribute useable insights to policymakers and others. Assignments include a policy brief or memo, an op-ed, an in-class role play, and a final paper that addresses a current policy challenge.

PPS 264S.16 Water Cooperation & Conflict TTh 1:15-2:30, Jeuland Focuses on conflict and cooperation in water resources, primarily with respect to transboundary water systems broadly defined. Covers conceptual issues and theories of hydro politics, the hydro-political complex, hydro hegemony and water security, as well as the norms and role of international water law. Considers the role of multiple and diverse stakeholders in conflict and cooperation processes. Also explores relationships between water resources, development, ecosystems and health.

PPS 264S.26 Philanthropy: The Powers of Money Th 4:25-5:40, Skloot This course is designed to enable graduate students and upper level undergraduate students to deepen their understanding of philanthropy: its special role in American society, it’s influence and the issues it faces in maintaining its legitimacy and efficacy. This is not an introductory course. The course will cover both theory and practice and assignments will build on previous ones that ultimately demonstrate how foundations and their staffs work in the real world. There will be one or two guest lectures.

PPS 266S.01 Demographic Measures/Concepts MW 4:25-5:40, Merli Introduction to demographic concepts, measures, and techniques. Focus on population change, mortality, morbidity, fertility, marriage, divorce, and migration. Illustration of broader application of demographic measurement and techniques to other aspects of society and population health, such as educational attainment, labor force participation, linkages between mortality, morbidity and disability, and health and mortality differentials. Students will also learn how to apply methods discussed.


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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 31

More Duke grads take non-traditional path by Jessica Lichter THE CHRONICLE

Although not on par with the pre-recession economy, the job market for Duke’s Class of 2010 has shown signs of improvement, with more students embarking on less traditional career paths.

This year, 19 percent of 2010 graduates responding to the Career Center’s Senior Exit Survey said they were seeking jobs in May, compared to 22 percent in 2009 and 17 percent in 2008, said Kristen Nicholas, associate director for external relations for the Career Center.

file photo/The Chronicle

While the job outlook is becoming more optimistic, many Duke graduates are seeking out alternative paths to start their careers. Service-oriented programs, such as Teach for America, are especially popular.

The percentage of students reporting to have accepted a position was 31 percent this year, a 1 percent decline from 2009 and an 8 percent drop from 2008, Nicholas said. Employment prospects are improving for college graduates nationwide. Indeed, employers plan to hire about 5 percent more new graduates in 2009-2010 than in 2008-2009, according to the National Association of Colleges and Employers Job Outlook 2010 Spring Update. Even though this number is still shy of pre-recession figures—when college hiring ranged from between 13 and 19 percent—it is the largest projected increase in college hiring since October 2008, and comes as a welcome change from Spring 2009 when employers expected to hire approximately 22 percent fewer college graduates than they did in 2008. College hiring in the financial sector, one of the hardest-hit industries in the downturn, also appears to be stabilizing across the nation as a whole and among Duke graduates specifically. In the NACE report, employers are predicting only a 2.2 percent decrease in hiring in the finance, insurance and real estate industries. “These things are cyclical,” said Emma Rasiel, director of the Financial Education Partnership and assistant professor of the practice in economics. “The surprise following the recession was how quickly things bounced back. People were expecting a longer cycle than that, not just in hiring but in general. The economy is still fragile, but hiring in consulting and finance did jump up quickly.”

Compared to the Class of 2009, Rasiel estimated that as many as double the amount of graduates found jobs in the financial sector this year. According to the Career Center survey, the financial industry accounted for 32 percent of all jobs the Class of 2008 pursued, dipping significantly to 26 percent for the Class of 2009. Data was not yet available for the Class of 2010. Despite this drop, investment banks such as Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and the now merged Bank of America Merrill Lynch have remained among the top five employers for Duke graduates since 2008. “The good thing is that nobody stopped [hiring],” Nicholas said. “The amount of students [companies] were hiring was less, how they were participating in campus recruitment was different and how they were using their resources was different.” An alternative path More and more graduates, however, are defying Duke’s reputation as an investment banking powerhouse and are instead pursuing service-oriented careers after graduation, at least temporarily. For instance, 51 graduates—or 16.7 percent of students—will be working for Teach for America this year, an organization that hires recent college graduates as teachers with the goal of reducing educational inequality, said Victor Wakefield, recruiting coordinator for TFA at Duke and Princeton. This year, 252 students applied to TFA this year, See employment on page 45

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 33

Local vendors find business in students’ absence by Alexander Stuart THE CHRONICLE

In the summer months, with a vast decrease in the number of students in town, certain area businesses find themselves reeling with the loss of a large portion of their patrons. Durham businesses have a large, built-in clientele that comes in the form of Duke students from the months of August to May. During the summer months, however, venues on the Merchants on Points program experience a significant decline in business. “I’ve noticed a decline over the last couple of weeks,” Green Tango general manager Erin Boggs-Thompson said. She added that neighboring venues and parking lots were much emptier at peak hours than usual.

“Some [Durham residents] come out because they know it’s not going to be too busy. When students are here, it’s ridiculously busy.” — John Tang, Mt. Fuji manager Many merchants have begun to market their brands all over Durham through city publications and community outreach in the hope of attracting new customers. “We work with a lot of the people that do a lot of the runs,” Catherine Williams, a Cinelli’s employee, said. “There is a breast cancer walk coming up, and we get our names posted along wherever they walk.” Williams added that Cinelli’s has purchased advertising space in magazines and other Durham-area publications. Although Merchants on Points venues struggle to attract business during the summer months, other restaurants develop more of a local group of consumers that helps ease the loss of Duke student business. See business on page 43

Program in Education “Teaching is more than telling, Learning is more than remembering” The Program in Education offers a variety of undergraduate courses most of which include a servicelearning experience. Students may complete a minor in Education and/or participate in a Teacher Preparation Program. The Teacher Preparation Programs lead to eligibility for a North Carolina teaching license at either the elementary or secondary school level.

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Topics in Computer Science: Education Research Seminar EDUC 100: Foundations of Education EDUC 112S: Children, Schools, and Society EDUC 118: Educational Psychology EDUC 133S: Legal Issues in Education EDUC 163: Educational Leadership in and Beyond the Classroom EDUC 166: Exceptional Learners: Policies and Practices EDUC 170S: Economic Literacy and Civic Engagement

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34 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle



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>>April 30: White House Senior Advisor David Axelrod announces that there will be no new offshore drilling authorizations until the cause of the BP spill is determined. >>May 7: A containment dome is placed over the well in an effort to control the oil flow. The attempt fails as frozen hydrocarbons clog the dome. >>May 27: President Barack Obama places a six-month moratorium on all deepwater drilling, halting work on 33 exploration wells. >>May 19: Heavy oil reaches the Louisiana marshland for the first time, inciting fears that the fragile ecosystem will be destroyed. >>June 23: BP Chief Executive Officer Tony Hayward is questioned in a congressional hearing by lawmakers who accuse BP of cutting corners to save money.

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>>June 23: President Obama’s six-month ban on deepwater drilling is overturned by a New Orleans federal judge, who rules that it unfairly assumes danger from all oil drilling operations because of the failure of one rig. >>June 28: BP says its spending on the oil spill continues to increase, reaching $100 million per day in its efforts to stop the leak, clean up the spill and compensate residents and businesses affected by the spill.

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Fall 2010 Undergraduate Literature Courses Space Still Available! LIT 20S.01 ......................GLOBALIZATION AND THE CULTURES.............................................WF 8:30 AM - 9:45 AM LIT 20S.02 ......................LATIN AMERICA COUNTERCLOCKWISE..........................................WF 8:30 AM - 9:45 AM LIT 20S.03.......................SCIENCE IN CONTEXT: IMAGINING...................................................MF 8:30 AM - 9:45 AM LIT 20S.04.......................RACE AND THE IDEA OF AMERICA....................................................MF 8:30 AM - 9:45 AM LIT 20S.05.......................LAW AND ORDER: CRIMINAL INTENT..............................................TUTH 8:30 AM - 9:45 AM LIT 49S.01.......................FRENCH EXISTENTIALISM...................................................................TUTH 2:50 PM - 4:05 PM LIT 132.01.......................FICTIONS THAT MARK THE MOMENT...............................................MW 11:40 AM - 12:55 PM LIT 132S.02.....................INTRO TO PSYCHOANALYTICAL THEORY .......................................TUTH 2:50 PM - 4:05 PM LIT 147S.01.....................BILINGUALISM........................................................................................M 11:40 AM - 2:10 PM LIT 255S.01.....................(DE)COLONIALILITY & THE GEOPOLI..............................................M 4:25 PM - 6:55 PM LIT 255S.03.....................ENLIGHTENMENT ORIENTALISM.......................................................M 6:00 PM - 8:30 PM LIT 263S.01.....................POST-DIGITAL ARCHITECTURE...........................................................TU 6:00 PM - 8:30 PM LIT 281.03.......................20TH CENTURY MARXIST THEORY ....................................................TUTH 10:05 AM - 11:20 AM LIT 281S.01.....................SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR........................... ...............................................TU 10:05 AM - 12:35 AM LIT 283.01.......................MODERNISM............................................................................................MW 11:40 AM - 12:55 PM LIT 284S.01.....................ANTONIO GRAMSCI AND THE MARXIST LEGACY.........................M 4:25 PM - 6:55 PM


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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 35

Q&A with Bill Chameides In response to the explosion of one of BP’s offshore oil rigs, the Nicholas School of the Environment launched a website that is solely dedicated to keeping track of the spill and its impact on the Gulf Coast. In addition to the major news headlines, webcam images and links on the page, Bill Chameides, dean of the Nicholas School, has started his own blog about the spill called “The Green Grok.” The Chronicle’s Sonia Havele spoke with Chameides about his blog and the significance of the oil rig disaster. The Chronicle: Since the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion on April 20, you have made several posts on your blog, “The Green Grok,” about the BP oil spill. Now that it has been over two months since the initial explosion, what do you feel are the greatest short-term as well as long-term concerns? Bill Chameides: Well the short-term concern clearly is the impact of the oil on the wetlands of the Gulf Coast and the potential for issues with regard to, for example, dead zones in the Gulf of Mexico.... Another short-term concern is to shut the oil off. That’s the number one concern. Long-term, I think it’s the longterm impact of the oil spill itself—to what extent will turtles in the area [and] other types of species that have long lifetimes be impacted by the spill, and to what extent will those [effects] be irreversible? There is also a really serious issue that I think we as a nation need to come to grips with, and that is our dependence on oil and the price that we’re paying in so many different ways because of that dependence. TC: What is a realistic approach to changing the public’s attitude towards the consumption of oil? BC: [That question] is hard to answer because when you think about it, we’ve been trying to deal with our dependence on oil since about 1973, and I just don’t think people get it. I think the answer is ultimately to provide consumers with more fuel-efficient cars, provide them with better mass transit. I think probably a lot of people feel like they would like to use bus gasoline, but there really is no choice. I know, for example, in

Durham, it’s very hard to get around without a car. So, I think that part of the answer is providing the appropriate infrastructure. It’s just not a choice to do without a car. I think that’s part of the problem. I think the other solution is to adjust the price of gasoline to properly reflect its cost. TC: Are there any misconceptions you believe are out there right now, and what has media coverage not completely covered in all of this? BC: Interestingly enough, I got a comment from someone who said, “why [are] you calling this an oil spill?” And perhaps we’re all making a mistake by calling this an oil spill or somehow limiting in our minds what’s really happening. It’s obviously not an oil spill—it’s a leak. The bottom of the ocean is pouring oil out continuously into the waters, and I think that maybe in terms of our whole conception, we need to find a better term than oil spill. I think that some of the things that Jane Lubchenco, who’s the head of [the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration], said at [a] meeting... that there are some things that are not being properly reported. For example, if the oil is transported over large distances, which it probably ultimately will [be], then it will be highly weathered, and therefore it will show up as... long strings of tar, which is not great, but it’s not the same thing as having a big wave of gooey oil coming in and covering everything.... [Another thing] is that I think the oceanographic community is surprised at how little the oil has spread so far. A lot of it has been caught up in something called the Franklin Eddy, which is actually not good news for the folks in the Gulf because it is not being dispersed. TC: You described Jane Lubchenco as a “scientist extraordinare” and noted that she addressed “the human side” of the oil spill. She said the oil spill was a “human tragedy as well as an environmental disaster” and that the response must be threefold, aiming for “healthy oceans, healthy coasts and healthy communities.” Could you elaborate on what this thought means a bit more?

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Honor During Crises


Intergenerational Ethics


Japanese Pop Culture


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special to The Chronicle

Nicholas School of the Environment Dean Bill Chameides has been following the oil spill on his blog, “The Green Grok.” BC: So first of all, it’s a human tragedy because eleven people were killed. The other part of the tragedy is that these communities along the coast depend for their economic well-being and their way of life on the services and ecosystems that make up the Gulf in terms of fisheries, in terms of wetlands, and even in terms of people employed on these oil rigs.... And the cascading fallout of those kinds of things in their lives will have significant impacts for them, for the community, and See chameides on page 43

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Rise of Modern Science: 18th to 20th C History 157B (STS, W, CZ) David Miller MW 1:15-2:30

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Modern Britain History 107B (CCI, W, CZ) Lawrence Black MWF 11:55-12:45

American Dreams/ American Realities History 72D (CCI, CZ) Gerald Wilson MW 11:40-12:55

Register online on ACES; look for HOUSECS.

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36 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Pesticide exposure may contribute to Alzheimer’s by Sabrina Rubakovic THE CHRONICLE

Duke researchers have come one step closer to unraveling the mystery surrounding the development of Alzheimer’s disease. A recent study found a link between repeated exposure to pesticides and the onset of Alzheimer’s. Kathleen Hayden, assistant professor of medical psychology, analyzed data from the Cache County Study of Memory Health and Aging. The data draws from individuals over the age of 65 in one of Utah’s most agricultural counties, taking into account their occupational exposure to pesticides and future changes in cognitive health. The study focused on those individuals with significant exposure to pesticides, rather than mild exposure in a residential setting.

“I don’t think this study has any implications for the average person other than I might tell my mom to follow the instructions on a bottle of pesticide—I wouldn’t tell her not to use it,” Hayden said. “This wasn’t made to make my mom be afraid to go out into the garden.” In an occupational setting, Hayden noted the importance of having proper safety equipment and using it correctly. Most of the individuals’ pesticide exposure was from organophosphate and organochlorine, two compounds commonly used in pesticides. These compounds are known to impact the nervous system by affecting levels of acetylcholine in the brain, a neurotransmitter involved in cellular communication. Organochlorine was even temporarily banned due to concerns about its neurotoxic effects in 1972. 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, an organochlorine, is a component of Agent


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Orange—the common name for the toxic substance used during the Vietnam War for chemical warfare. Researchers are currently analyzing the effects of this compound on veterans of the war. Other effects of pesticide exposure The study at Duke is just one of the many analyses taking place worldwide of the long-term effects of commonly used pesticides. One such study, led by Marc Weisskopf, assistant professor of environmental and occupational epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health, found that individuals exposed to pesticides had a 70 percent higher incidence of Parkinson’s disease than those not exposed. This study is particularly significant because it used a prospective analysis, meaning that its participants were selected before anyone had already developed the disease, Weiskopf said. Otherwise, the perception that pesticides may have led to their condition can result in a bias when subjects are asked to recall their exposure. Most studies compare exposure of healthy individuals with those with Parkinson’s, causing them to be more susceptible to the aforementioned bias, he added. The prospective analysis lends greater strength to a possible link between pesticides and Parkinson’s disease, though the study did not identify the dangers of pesticide exposure in an occupational versus residential setting or a specific compound in pesticides leading to Parkinson’s. Pesticides most likely affect the onset of Parkinson’s by causing cell death and protein accumulation, a characteristic symptom of the disease, Weisskopf said. Beyond Parkinson’s, a recent study by a team of researchers—Steven Mlynarek, Youn Shim and Edwin van Wijngaarden­—has discovered a link between prenatal exposure to pesticides and the development of brain cancer in children. Like the previous studies, the research does not establish a conclusive relationship between these two factors. It does, however, emphasize the need to exercise caution when using pesticides. “Pesticides are commonly used substances at home and at work,” van Wijngaarden wrote in an e-mail. “It is always a good idea to limit exposures as much as you can—especially [for pregnant women] during a time window of important brain development in the child.” Van Wijngaarden is chief of the division of epidemiology and associate professor in the departments of community and preventive medicine, environmental medicine and dentistry at the University of Rochester. Prenatal exposure is likely to be much more damaging than exposure after birth, he added.

Work-Study and Non Work-Study Jobs Available For more information contact: Undergraduate Financial Aid Office (919) 684-6225


special to The Chronicle

Duke researchers have found that significant exposure to pesticides may be linked to the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, as some chemicals in pesticides are known to affect the nervous system.

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 37

Meals on wheels

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Marx, Nietzsche, Freud

“Religion is the opium of the masses.” “God is dead...And we have killed Him.” “The mind is like an iceberg, it floats with oneseventh of its bulk above the water.”

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melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Durham Central Park played host to the city’s second Food Truck Fest, where many of Durham’s popular mobile food vendors gathered in one spot to feed hungry residents. SanfChronAd6_15_2010_Layout 1 6/15/10 2:57 PM Page 3


Join a Dynamic Community Core courses build analytical expertise while electives let students explore current issues in social, global, health, environmental and media policy. Hands-on internships sharpen policy skills.

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38 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

WINTER FORUM - January 9-11, 2011

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the chronicle

THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 39

connector from page 29 the Tobacco District and the Durham Performing Arts Center. “I will definitely take advantage of [the buses]… and it’s definitely something Duke students should take advantage of.” Unfortunately for freshmen, however, the service will not have a stop at East Campus because the new buses will be too tall and too wide to access the campus, said Phail Wynn, vice president for Durham and regional affairs. But the Bull City Connector will still have several stops on Main Street next to East that will allow freshmen to access the route. The initiative is part of a larger effort by the University to engage with the Durham community and encourage students to interact with the city. “We need to really open up the opportunity for students to explore all of the city,” said Durham City Manager Tom Bonfield, who manages the City Council. “That’s why I was such a pusher to get the Bull City [Connector] going.... It will hopefully make downtown Durham more attractive to Duke students, especially at night.” Of course, Duke undergraduates will not be the only passengers on the new bus line. The high frequency connection will also help city residents get around downtown, Bonfield said. From Duke’s perspective, the initiative is attractive because of its ability to provide a service to both groups, Wynn said. Students can get further into Durham, and employees will have a convenient means to get from downtown to campus. The Bull City Connector was made possible by financial investments by both the University and Durham. Duke provided the city with $375,000 in match-

ing funds, making Durham eligible to receive $3 million in federal stimulus money to purchase the six new hybriddiesel buses. Until the new models arrive in late 2011 or early 2012, the service will utilize hybrid DATA buses already in circulation. Under the contract, Duke will provide roughly one-third of the operating costs of the service going forward, Wynn said. Although some City Council members originally objected to the fact that the bus’s route did not include North Carolina Central University—whose administration did not provide funding— the agreement passed the City Council unanimously June 21. The bus service will not pass through the NCCU campus, but DATA is offering a special bus service, the R5, which will connect NCCU students to downtown free of charge, said Ieshia Robertson, public affairs specialist for the Durham Area Transit Authority. The Bull City Connector is scheduled to make stops every 15 minutes Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m., and every 20 minutes from 6 p.m. to midnight. On Saturdays, the buses will make stops every 20 minutes from 7 a.m. to midnight. The buses will not run on Sundays. The service will have 32 stops in all, said Robertson. The extent to which Duke students will take advantage of the bus remains unclear. But to Leila Dal Santo, Trinity ’10 and a Durham native, the move is a step in the right direction. “I’ve been here about a decade and I have literally seen Durham flourish,” she said, citing the city’s renowned dining scene in particular. “I’m really impressed with the bus... it means that Duke students can really experience what Durham is all about.” Indu Ramesh contributed reporting.

Duke Student Health

Nutrition Services Free Individual Nutrition Counseling for Students, Nutrition Groups & Programs

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• The Oasis

in the Belltower Dorm on East Campus

• Wilson Recreation Center

• Toni Ann Apadula RD, LDN Student Health Dietitian (919) 613-1218 • • Nancy Morgridge RD, LDN Student Health Dietitian (919) 684-9056 • • Franca B. Alphin MPH, RD, LDN (919) 613-7486 • Consultation by referral only

Call 681-9355

to schedule an appointment or visit

40 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle








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• 14.1” WXGA+ Wide Screen • Intel Core i5 Mobile Processor, i5-520M (2.4 GHz), dual core • 3 gigabytes RAM • 320 gigabyte SATA hard drive, 7200 rpm • NVIDIA Quadro NVS3100m graphics, 256 megabytes • Intel 6200 Wireless Ethernet, 802.11n • DVD Multiburner • Webcam, Bluetooth, Finger Print Reader • 5.0 lbs., 1.3" thin 4 Year Devil’s Pledge Warranty







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• Intel Core 2 Duo Mobile Processor (2.26 GHz) • 2 gigabytes RAM • 250 gigabyte Hard Drive, 5400 rpm • NVIDIA GeForce 9400M graphics • AirPort Extreme Wireless Ethernet, 802.11n • DVD Multiburner • Built-in Battery, iSight Camera • 4.7 lbs., 1.08” thin • Macintosh OS X and Microsoft Office® 2007 3 Year Devil’s Pledge Warranty

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• Intel Core 2 Duo Mobile Processor (2.4 GHz) • 4 gigabytes RAM • 250 gigabyte Hard Drive, 5400 rpm • NVIDIA GeForce GT 320M graphics • AirPort Extreme Wireless Ethernet, 802.11n • DVD Multiburner • Built-in Battery, iSight Camera • 4.5 lbs., 0.95” thin • Macintosh OS X and Microsoft Office® 2007 3 Year Devil’s Pledge Warranty

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• Intel Core i5 Mobile Processor (2.4 GHz) • 4 gigabytes RAM • 320 gigabyte Hard Drive, 5400 rpm • NVIDIA GeForce GT 330M graphics, 256 meg • AirPort Extreme Wireless Ethernet, 802.11n • DVD Multiburner • Built-in Battery, iSight Camera • 5.6 lbs., 0.95” thin • Macintosh OS X and Microsoft Office® 2007 3 Year Devil’s Pledge Warranty

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 41


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The Computer Store is where students, faculty and staff can purchase computers, peripherals, software and supplies at educational prices. Printers, hubs, storage solutions, monitors, supplies and a broad selection of software are also available for the University community.

Lower Level, Bryan Center Phone: 919.684.8956 | Monday - Friday: 8:30am - 6pm | Saturday: 9am - 6pm

Department of Duke University Stores®

42 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 43

business from page 33 “Some [Durham residents] come out because they know it’s not going to be too busy,” Mt. Fuji Manager John Tang said. “When students are here, it’s ridiculously busy.” Although the absence of Duke students might make Durham residents more likely to go to restaurants, Durham attractions like the American Dance Festival, games at the Durham Bulls Athletic Park and shows at the Durham Performing Arts Center help bring out even more customers. “I don’t think it’s fair to say that Durham’s overall economy suffers when Duke is not in session,” Durham City Manager Tom Bonfield said. “The American Dance Festival lasts about six weeks—that brings quite a bit of additional activity to the area.... DPAC events tend to create a steady stream.” Bonfield noted that there have been half a million patrons at DPAC over the past year. “Wicked,” the Broadway musical, alone has sold approximately 90,000 tickets. “Pretty much any night there is an event at DPAC, you can rest assured that all of the restaurants in the downtown are full both before the show and after the show,” Bonfield said. “We have had so many new restaurants and bars open up in the downtown area and a good portion of that is attributable to the amount of people the DPAC is bringing to the area.” This summer’s World Cup in South Africa is also bringing customers to Durham venues. “[The World Cup] really helps our lunch out a lot because the games are being played at lunch time,” Alan Phillips, a Chamas employee, said. “Pretty much all the Brazilians in the area come and watch whenever Brazil plays here, [so] they can come be around all Brazilians and cheer for their team.”

chameides from page 35 actually probably for the whole nation. So there is an incredibly important human element of what’s going on. I think when Jane talks about healthy oceans, healthy coasts and healthy communities, they’re all interrelated, and in looking at the environmental impacts and trying to do restoration and protect the environment and the wetlands, we also need to be thinking about these communities and how to protect and help them be restored to a healthy community. TC: Aside from Duke researchers, in what ways has the Duke community responded to the crisis? BC: I’m hopeful that within the next six months or so Duke will develop its own response to the catastrophe... and that we will have something where we’re looking at the fallout from this accident that will not only look at the environmental impacts and the impacts on wildlife, but also be looking at impacts on communities and how we can help those communities address those problems. We have dozens of alumni who are working in various capacities on the oil spill. They’re working for the United States Geological Survey, they’re working for NOAA, they’re working for state environmental agencies, they’re working with private companies... I’m hoping that [Duke] can develop a program that lasts for years. The impact and the recovery from this oil accident is going to take years to occur, and I think that Duke needs to make a long-term commitment to use this accident as an opportunity to use our knowledge in the service of society. Also, [we need] to use this incident as a laboratory and a... hands-on classroom for our students to learn about community outreach and about working in the environment. I think there’s a wide spectrum of things that Duke can do. TC: You also mentioned that you left the meeting with Jane feeling “more informed” and “reassured” that the “government folks really were on top of things and could get this mess fixed up.” What, in particular, left you with this new sense of reassurance? BC: Part of the government’s frustration, I think, comes from a sense of helplessness—and there is helplessness. There’s not a whole lot that we can do.... I was encouraged because I learned that there was careful data being taken to monitor how far the spill had spread [and] that there had been some assessments of how the impacts might occur.... But, which is not to say, that the federal government has a plan of action to solve this problem. I don’t know that there is a solution. I think all we can do to a large extent is respond to it and try to deal with the aftermath as best as we can.

melissa yeo/The Chronicle

Some Merchants on Points vendors have seen a decline in business without students on campus, but many other businesses continue to thrive.


Opportunities for Undergraduates! Certificate Program: interdisciplinary courses, internships, visiting professors, student publications, Georgetown Masters program eligibility, career portfolios Visiting Professor: Spring 2011, Dr. Catherine Walsh - intellectual and scholar in Ecuador known for socially engaged scholarship and leadership in the field of Latin American cultural studies Travel Grants: Summer research funding, language training in Yucatec Maya and Haitian Kreyol DukeEngage: 11 programs in Latin America and the Caribbean For more information about our events (Film Festival, conferences, courses, faculty, seminars, outreach, and funding) please visit our web site

The French Presence in North America Canadian Studies 49S (HI 49S.04, ICS 49S.01, French 49s) Monday-Wednesday 10:05-11:20 Jane Moss, This course will explore the French Presence in North America with emphasis on history, geography, literature, language, and culture. At its height, the North American French Empire included Canada, the Louisiana Territory, Haiti and other Caribbean islands, but most of the holdings were lost through wars, treaties, slave rebellions, and land sales. In examining the French colonial past, we will concentrate on the issues of encounters with Indigenous Peoples, the role of the Catholic Church, slavery, wars, and nationalisms. After studying how the French Empire was built and lost, we’ll focus on its postcolonial legacy. What remains of the French language, culture, and heritage? How have minority French-speaking communities survived and developed? What is distinctive about North American French-speaking communities and cultures? What choices have Quebec nationalists made in order to preserve their distinctive Francophone culture? What is the legacy of slavery in the former French colonies? The course will take an interdisciplinary approach using historical documents, literary texts, and films to study Québec, Acadie, Louisiana, Haiti, and other francophone communities.

44 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Duke in the Andes Quito, Ecuador !"#$%&'( %&*+!,%&'&

("'$%&'( %&*+!,%&'&



CROSS THE LINE. Duke in the Andes offers the following: Full Duke credit in the humanities and social sciences All Spanish instruction Homestays with local families In-depth knowledge of indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian communities throughout Ecuador !" Community service !" Excursion to highlands, coast, Amazon basin, and Galapagos Islands (fall) or Cuzco, Peru (spring) !" Onsite Duke staff Eligibility: Spanish 76, a minimum 3.0 GPA, and a strong interest in Latin America. !" !" !" !" It's your education. It's your DNA.

Now make it your revolution. The Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy is an interdisciplinary network of centers, research programs and educational activities that together constitute a campus-wide approach to advancing the Genome Revolution and to addressing its implications for science, health and society. At the IGSP, Duke undergraduates of any major can explore genomes, their evolution and function and their growing impact on our lives in the era of personal genomics.

Certificate Programs • Student Research • Courses • Summer Fellowships • Seminars • Focus Program • Work Study For more information: Contact the IGSP Education Office at or visit us on the web at

the chronicle

THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 45

dining from page 29

employment from page 31

overcrowding in the Marketplace, changes would likely be implemented by September. The number of Merchants on Points vendors could also be reduced, Wulforst said, adding that they detract significant revenue from on-campus eateries. Wulforst said likely alternatives include restricting the operating hours of MOP vendors to after 7 p.m. Although administrators have not begun formally discussing MOP options, Moneta said the “unrestrained growth” of such restaurants could be harmful to the University. On the other hand, Moneta said completely eliminating the MOP program is not an option, pointing to the lack of space in campus eateries. Larry Moneta “It would be unreasonable to drive all of that traffic back into dining facilities that are inadequate,” Moneta said. “So you have to be cautious about it. But I think we want to make sure that [our] principles... would drive that decision.” Regardless of what changes might take place, both Moneta and Wulforst emphasized the importance of offering healthy food. Moneta added that he hopes to serve student food interests while making Dining an integral part of the Duke community. Students, however, have also recently voiced complaints regarding the service at certain campus venues. In April, results from the Dining Services People’s Choice Survey indicated that students were dissatisfied with the quality of service in campus eateries. Many students referred to negative interactions they had with servers at the Great Hall, the Marketplace and Subway— whose employees are primarily union workers represented by Local 77. “We continue to take reports we get back from students very seriously,” Wulforst said. “We’ve had two sessions already with our employees in Bon Appétit operations to discuss service attitudes and making service the biggest priority. We want [venues] like the Great Hall... to be the places where we have no complaints. That’s a lofty goal, but I think it’s doable.” Moneta said the quality of facilities at campus eateries probably plays some role in students’ complaints about service. “Student frustrations at conditions also get translated into frustrations with the people,” Moneta said. “I’ve been in places with the exact same food, exact same personnel and exact same contractor, but [at] a rehabbed facility... all of the sudden everybody is nicer and the food tastes better. We have to be realistic and try to be appreciative of what it takes to put out a meal.”

compared to 150 and 158 respectively in the previous two, Wakefield said. Last year, 34 students chose to work for the organization. Nicholas said Duke’s growing emphasis on community service, along with the Career Center’s efforts to encourage students to consider alternative career paths, likely accounts for the greater interest in post-graduation plans that include service organizations like TFA. Greater economic uncertainty might also play a role in students seeking other career opportunities, Rasiel added. For some students though, TFA was their ideal job. “I had heard that other people were applying to TFA because they were worried about not getting a job in [investment] banking or the financial district, but I had no concern about finding a job,” said Dave Henshall, Trinity ’10. “So [TFA] for me was not a second choice. It was my first choice.”

It’s easy to stalk us. Become a fan of The Chronicle on Facebook and follow us on Twitter @dukechronicle

Department of Asian & Middle Eastern Studies Exciting courses for area studies during Fall 2010 For more information please contact 668-2603 The following COURSES still have spaces in them **NEW** AMES 131S Korean Literature in Translation: Local and Global Connections: This course examines critically variable topics in Korean literature. We will read texts contextualized in global and local histories. The boundaries of the nation and its narration are interrogated. Themes may range from gender and sexuality, diaspora, global/local literary histories, translations, language and power, canonization, and (post) coloniality. X-listed Lit 147S Tuesday 4:25-6:55 Instructor: Professor Nayoung Aimee Kwon AMES 148 Critical Inter-Asia: Rethinking Local and Global Connections: Global modernity reconsidered through perspectives of modern life and times in East Asia (China, Korea, Japan) in local, regional, global contexts. Critical, transnational and interdisciplinary perspectives on Asian cultures and their interactions in the world. X-listed ICS 122A, Lit 165NS Mon & Wed 2:50-4:05 Instructor: Professor Nayoung Aimee Kwon AMES 195S.02 Religion and Culture in Korea: This course explores shamanism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Christianity, and new religions in Korea from ancient times to the present. Topics include the introduction of major religious traditions from China and their unique development in Korean states; Buddhisas a state religion and its influence on Japan; the rise of Neo-Confucianism and its role in society; the arrival of Christianity and its persecution; the influence of Western knowledge; missionaries; Korean religions during Japanese colonialism; modernization; the spread of new religions; the revival of shamanism; religions under two Koreas; the response of Korean religions to globalization; the practice of Korean religious traditions in America. Primary sources (in English translation) combined with scholarly works provide the basis for an extended examination of how religious tradition have developed in close relationships with social, economic, political, and cultural environments in Korean society. Readings are supplemented by slides and vid eos to help us explore the lived practices of each faith tradition. The course takes an interdisciplinary approach to understand the development of faith, practice, literature, rituals, symbols, and institutions. Throughout the course, we also think critically about whether the religions of Korea can be seen as discrete traditions by looking for points of influence, negotiation, acontestation among them.” X-listed with Rel 185S Tue & Thurs 11:40-12:55 Professor Hwansoo Kim Check out our Language courses: Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, and Korean Arabic 183 Topics in Arabic Wed & Fri 2:50-4:05 Readings and other material, including films, television, and radio broadcasts. Exercises in composition. Prerequisite: Arabic 126 or consent of instructor. Instructor: Professor Habib Chinese 195 Contemporary Chinese Culture Mon & Wed 1:15 -2:35 Elements of Contemporary Chinese Culture including media, popular culture, literature and the arts. Prerequisite: Chinese language proficiency at the fourth year level or the equivalent. Instructor: Professor Chow

46 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Food for thought

Like what you see? Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t like what you see? The Chronicle is always looking for new reporters, photographers, graphic designers, online associates, sports writers and more. No prior experience is necessary. Visit our on-campus office in 301 Flowers this Fall, or e-mail to get involved. Melissa Yeo/The Chronicle

Clean Energy Durham, a local non-profit, tables at Whole Foods to inform shoppers about ways to save energy. The organization works with neighborhoods and local businesses to raise awareness.

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THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 47

Fall 2010 Opening Schedule Upperclass Students Please note that Residence Hall check-in is decentralized. You will check in and pick up keys in your Quad. Keys will be issued ONLY to the assigned resident. When arriving for check-in please have your DukeCard or valid state ID ready. No early arrivals will be permitted unless prior approval is granted. Beginning August 1 check our website for important parking information:

Check-in Times:

West Campus (Thursday, August 26 - Sunday, August 29) Thursday: 10am - 7pm Friday: 10am - 7pm Saturday: 1pm - 7pm Sunday: 1pm - 7pm Central Campus (Thursday, August 26 - Sunday, August 29) Thursday: 8:30am - 5pm Friday: 8:30am - 5pm Saturday: 1pm - 4pm Sunday: 1pm - 4pm

Check-in Locations:

Craven Quad - Craven F Commons Edens Quad - Edens 3A Main Lobby Kilgo Quad - Kilgo O Commons Crowell/Wannamaker Quad - Crowell G 101 Commons Keohane Quad - Keohane 4A 2nd Floor Commons Few Quad - Few FF Commons Central Campus - Central Campus Office, 217 Anderson St.

If You Canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t Arrive By August 29...

Students arriving after opening week should check in at their respective Campus office. All Campus Offices are open from 8:30am - 5pm, Monday - Friday. Residence hall staff members will not provide access to residents who have not checked in, nor will access be provided to third parties. Please contact your RLHS Campus Office if you have questions. West: 101 R Craven-D, 919-684-5486, East: Brown-Union Arcade, 919-684-5320, Central: 217 Anderson, 919-684-5813,

We look forward to seeing you on campus. In the meantime, enjoy the rest of your summer! Residence Life and Housing Services Housing Accommodations 919-684-4304

First Year Students

First Year students will be allotted a specific time to move-in on August 24, 2010, based on their East Campus Residence Hall Assignment. Morning Move-in (8:30-10am) Aycock, Bell Tower, Brown, GilbertAddoms, Giles, Pegram Mid-Morning Move-in (10:30am-12pm) Blackwell, Southgate

Afternoon Move-in (12-2pm) Alspaugh, Bassett, Epworth, Jarvis, Randolph, Wilson House

Please check our website after July 21 for your move-in information: Visit here for specific information about the orientation schedule: programs-services/first-year-orientation


48 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

Shoe Chris Cassatt and Gary Brookins

Dilbert Scott Adams

Doonesbury Garry Trudeau

The Chronicle how we brand ourselves: always arguing for fewer lives:������������������������������������������ weitogo caffiene is the medincine 4 my dislexya:������rupp, taydough, twei bull city—what, like Shooters?!:����������������������������� jolicht, mchase cigarette:������������������������������������������������������������������ andykylemoore pack of cigarettes:������������������������������������������������������������������� carter haven’t you seen my bandit snow white?:��������������������������melissa don’t forget the ñ:�������������������������������������������������������������������� xtina i love baby cows:�����������������������������������������������������������������������jinny Barb Starbuck doesn’t like tattoos:������������������������������������������ Barb

Ink Pen Phil Dunlap

Student Advertising Manager:...............................Margaret Potter Account Executives:.................... Chelsea Canepa, Phil DeGrouchy Liza Doran, Lianna Gao, Rhea Kaw, Ben Masselink Amber Su, Mike Sullivan, Jack Taylor Quinn Wang, Cap Young Creative Services Student Manager............................Christine Hall Creative Services:................................Lauren Bledsoe, Danjie Fang Caitlin Johnson, Megan Meza , Hannah Smith Business Assistant:.........................................................Joslyn Dunn


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FREE TUTORING 2nd Summer The Peer Tutoring Program will offer FREE tutoring for Duke undergraduate students during 2nd summer session. The courses offered are: CHM 151L & 152L, ECO 51D & 55D, MTH 25L, 32L, 103, PHY 54L. Applications are available on our website starting the first day of classes at:

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Stop by our beautiful new location on the lower level of the Duke Clinic in Room 0001 near the food court. Parking is available in the parking garage on Trent Drive adjacent to the Duke Clinic. The store provides medical reference books, textbooks, and instruments for students, faculty and staff of the Medical Center. The store also carries a wide selection of Duke and DUMC clothing and gift items, office and school supplies, medical software, scrubs & lab coats, alumni chairs and childrens gift items. Room 0001, Lower Level, Duke Clinic | 919.684.2717 | Monday - Friday: 8:30am - 5:30pm Department of Duke University Stores®

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50 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle commentaries

Support the Knight report As Duke uses its winning making financial reports pubathletics teams to support the lic and transparent, rewarding University’s broader mission, prioritizing academics and some are questioning the role treating athletes as students that athletics play in institutes rather than professionals. of higher education. The Knight Commission is After coma reform-mindpleting its staff editorial ed commit18-month study tee on college of college athletics finances, athletics, headed by William the Knight Commission on Kirwan, chancellor of the Intercollegiate Athletics re- University of Maryland, and leased its report recommend- R. Gerald Turner, president ing changes to college athlet- of Southern Methodist Uniics. With spending on college versity. It also has several ties sports rising at a rate nearly to the University—Janet Hill, twice as much as spending a member of the Board of on academics since 2005, the Trustees, and Judy Woodruff, June 17 report, “Restoring Women’s College ’68, are both the Balance: Dollars, Values, members of the Commission. and the Future of College Its suggestions are largely valid Sports,” advises calls for finan- and should be strongly considcial reform. The Commission ered by the NCAA. advises that these reforms be Only seven institutions guided by the principles of have had profitable athletics


Oh c’mon Flatlander. What kind of weakling would allow a few web postings to “destroy” his/her faith in humanity (in general?). You sound like just another puffed-up member of the Duke faculty or administration.

—“Raven” commenting on the story “Durham Police identify fourth suspect in armed robbery.” See more at

Letters Policy The Chronicle welcomes submissions in the form of letters to the editor or guest columns. Submissions must include the author’s name, signature, department or class, and for purposes of identification, phone number and local address. Letters should not exceed 325 words; contact the editorial department for information regarding guest columns. The Chronicle will not publish anonymous or form letters or letters that are promotional in nature. The Chronicle reserves the right to edit letters and guest columns for length, clarity and style and the right to withhold letters based on the discretion of the editorial page editor.

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Direct submissions to: E-mail: Editorial Page Department The Chronicle Box 90858, Durham, NC 27708 Phone: (919) 684-2663 Fax: (919) 684-4696

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Lindsey Rupp, Editor Toni Wei, Managing Editor Taylor Doherty, News Editor Andy Moore, Sports Editor Courtney Douglas, Photography Editor Ben Brostoff, Editorial Page Editor Will Robinson, Editorial Board Chair Christina Peña, Managing Editor for Online jonathan angier, General Manager DEAN CHEN, Director of Online Operations Matthew Chase, University Editor Samantha Brooks, Local & National Editor Sonia Havele, Health & Science Editor Melissa Yeo, News Photography Editor Kevin Lincoln, Recess Editor Lisa du, Recess Managing Editor Charlie Lee, Editorial Page Managing Editor SAnette Tanaka, Wire Editor Andrew Hibbard, Towerview Editor Chase Olivieri, Towerview Photography Editor zachary tracer, Special Projects Editor alex beutel, Director of Online Development Jinny Cho, Senior Editor DAn Ahrens, Recruitment Chair Mary weaver, Operations Manager  Barbara starbuck, Production Manager

Jeff Scholl, Sports Managing Editor Joanna Lichter, University Editor Ciaran O’Connor, Local & National Editor Tullia Rushton, Health & Science Editor Margie Truwit, Sports Photography Editor Michael Naclerio, Multimedia Editor Nathan Glencer, Recess Photography Editor Drew sternesky, Editorial Page Managing Editor carter Suryadevara, Design Editor Lawson kurtz, Towerview Editor Maya Robinson, Towerview Creative Director hon lung chu, Special Projects Editor for Online cheney tsai, Director of Online Design Julia Love, Senior Editor Jessica Lichter, Recruitment Chair CHRISSY BECK, Advertising/Marketing Director REBECCA DICKENSON, Chapel Hill Ad Sales Manager

The Chronicle is published by the Duke Student Publishing Company, Inc., a non-profit corporation independent of Duke University. The opinions expressed in this newspaper are not necessarily those of Duke University, its students, faculty, staff, administration or trustees. Unsigned editorials represent the majority view of the editorial board. Columns, letters and cartoons represent the views of the authors. To reach the Editorial Office at 301 Flowers Building, call 684-2663 or fax 684-4696. To reach the Business Office at 103 West Union Building, call 684-3811. To reach the Advertising Office at 101 West Union Building call 684-3811 or fax 684-8295. Visit The Chronicle Online at © 2010 The Chronicle, Box 90858, Durham, N.C. 27708. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the prior, written permission of the Business Office. Each individual is entitled to one free copy.

programs in each of the last five years. Surely, evaluating the merit of college athletics purely on the basis of profits would be poor cost-benefit analysis. Programs that require subsidies, such as Duke’s, add value that is not captured by financial reports. However, the ever-growing reliance of major athletics programs on university subsidies suggests that spending on athletics sometimes substitutes academic funding. In its study, the Commission surveyed college presidents and found that escalating coaching salaries are the single biggest factor in the unsustainable growth of athletics budgets. Duke is no stranger to expensive coaching staffs. Federal tax filings show that men’s basketball

head coach Mike Krzyzewski’s salary has nearly tripled in four seasons. The latest documents place Krzyzewski’s at $4.19 million, which made him the highest-paid college basketball coach in the 20082009 fiscal year. Football head coach David Cutcliffe’s salary is listed at $1.54 million, three times as much as his predecessor received. Spending on coaches seems to be working for Duke, but coaching salaries should not be a university’s financial priority. If all coaching salaries were public information along with athletics financial reports, the pressure to pay outrageous contracts might be eased. Universities, aware of the backlash that overpaying coaches would generate, might be more prudent in

their contractual negotiations. Transparency would allow the market to correct itself so that coaches’ salaries would more accurately reflect their true worth to universities. The Knight Commission also presents forward-thinking ideas concerning the distribution of the NCAA’s revenues to universities. Its suggestion that schools whose athletes achieve in the classroom should be financially rewarded is wise. These measures would likely benefit Duke; statistics released last November showed Duke with a 97 percent graduation rate. The Knight Commission correctly recognizes the weaknesses of the current college athletics system. The University should be a vocal advocate of the measures it puts forth.

A changing place cebook and tell your friends what you Like to read Dear readers, College has many lessons to offer, and this may about. Follow us on Twitter—@DukeChronicle, @ ChronicleSports and @ChronicleRecess—to learn be its most important: Discover your place. While you are searching for yours at Duke, The about breaking news, in-depth features and interChronicle’s is staking out new ground. We are in esting tidbits about campus. All the while, remember: place does matter. the third floor of the Flowers building, we are in Your place right now is Duke, the bin next to Alpine and outside but have you found your place in your offices, we are online. But no Duke? If you want to record videos matter where you find us, the 106th or podcasts, take photos, write, volume of The Chronicle hopes to investigate any part of the comfind its place in your everyday life. munity, design or even code, let For its 106 years, The Chronicle us know. No experience? No probhas focused on undergraduates. Stulem, we train everyone in whatever dents are an important part of our their interests may be. community, and we will continue to If we are going to be part of your keep a sharp eye on their issues. But lindsey rupp place, you should be part of ours— Duke is a big place and it’s home to from the editor help us provide more complete more than just undergraduates. and accurate coverage by letting Duke is a place for graduate students, faculty, staff and employees across the us know what is working and what isn’t. Although University and the Health System—and so is The The Chronicle is produced by undergrad and Chronicle. From reporting on the University’s grad students, we welcome faculty, staff and the budget deficit, we already know that stories rel- community to write letters to the editor, submit evant to campus do not always have an obvious guest columns and apply to be columnists. In the meantime, we hope this, our largest isconnection to students. Like you, Duke is my place, but it isn’t my sue of the year, helps you learn more about your only one. I’ve grown up around Duke and Dur- place. We have taken an in-depth look at how Duke ham—I went to high school in Durham and I spreads its name, examined what makes Durham sold Girl Scout cookies in Duke Hospital where the third most popular place for Duke grads to my mom works. Just as The Chronicle isn’t only live and explored issues like the oil spill. Flip to Sportswrap and find out what Duke’s chancan undergraduate paper, neither is it a campus newspaper. We serve the entire Duke—and sur- es are at winning another National Championship. Look through Recess, The Chronicle’s weekly rounding—community. This year we are taking especially seriously arts and entertainment section, for a preview of our duty to facilitate dialogue across campus and the upcoming Duke Performances season. If you’re wondering what will be big this year, Durham, not just among undergrads and administrators. As we take a closer look into these com- check out Towerview magazine for its annual recmunities we, send me an e-mail at lcr15@duke. ommendation of 10 people and things you should edu if you have a story idea or come up to 301 know about, from incoming basketball players to Flowers if you want to talk about the paper, my the rising status of Central Campus. So keep reading—our place is your place. door is always open. To accommodate its expanded coverage and audience, The Chronicle is expanding its place online. You can still find The Chronicle in bins across campus, in the health system and even at restaurants like Mad Hatter’s and Nosh. But wait, there’s more. is more than our newspaper on the Web. We have videos, slideshows, breaking news, blogs and podcasts. We are carving out our niche online as a place that appeals to Dukies and Durhamites, faculty and staff, parents and physicians with the help of an innovative team of developers and designers. Make yourself at home with us. Comment onLindsey Rupp is a Trinity junior and editor of The line on our stories and start a conversation with readers you might never meet. Be our fan on Fa- Chronicle. Reach her at

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An argument for fewer labs Any undergraduate at Duke who aspires to practice medicine later in life must at first complete, among other training, Chemistry 151 and 152, or Orgo I and II for short. Generally considered the most challenging courses offered on the path to medical school, both include a weekly graded three-hour lab portion. Each lab session requires completion of a short pre-lab assignment prior to arrival. These assignments take, on average, between 15 and 30 minutes to complete. Lab sessions are then followed by lab reports, longer and more conclusive assignments that vary in length each week. However, between meeting with a partner, organizing data, executing calculations and writing the report itself, any lab report takes somewhere around an hour, give or take. This means that on a good week, lab still takes up at least four hours of a student’s time. On a bad week, it can devour as many as six. Although six hours is not the most significant portion of one’s week (only 5 percent of waking hours for a student that sleeps chris bassil eight hours a night), this lost time becomes a little summer column more worrisome in light of lab’s impracticality. As any professor will tell you, organic chemistry is a class that concerns itself chiefly with how individual molecules and atoms interact with each other on a microscopic level. Trying to study those intimate interactions by dousing billions of molecules against one another and observing them with the naked eye is a bit like setting two friends up on a blind date in a massive arena concert and hoping to keep tabs on them by watching from somewhere on the moon. Not only is such an approach utterly hopeless, it is in direct contradiction with the espoused nature of the subject. Furthermore, time and financial restraints reduce techniques to a cruder form than they take in professional settings: drying a precipitate consists of pressing it between pieces of filter paper, and purifying recrystallization processes usually just result in a total loss of product. Even if lab isn’t educationally illuminating or representative of a graduate-level research facility, some believe that the cushion points garnered there make it worthwhile. Unfortunately, an easy grade that helps everyone really helps no one when the class is curved. The grades across different sections are usually controlled for any variance in grading as well, either by normalization or careful review. For the most part, lab grades provide a huge boost in a final grade relative to itself but do little to change a grade relative to the curve. For all of these shortcomings, there may be one thing lab does in abundance, and that is spend University money. Although numbers are not easily available, it is not unreasonable to assume that between raw materials for hundreds of students each week, teaching assistant compensation and the cost of facilities and special waste disposal, lab most likely represents some sort of a drain on department or University resources. Those expenditures may be negligible compared to the funds that a university like Duke has at its disposal, but it seems to be an ill-advised allocation of resources where there is so little to be gained. On top of that, the opportunity cost alone for students and TAs is overwhelming. It’d almost be more effective to place everyone into a mandatory six-hour-a-week study hall, à la middle school. At least that way students and TAs could interact in a more meaningful environment with some hope of contributing to further understanding of the subject. Of course, this is the role that the weekly 50-minute recitation period is supposed to fill. At any rate, the department could save us all some much needed time and money by moving to a biweekly lab schedule. By diminishing the number of hours a student spends on Science Drive, it is possible that the department would relinquish the focus that some students give its subject. Six fewer hours in lab a week will translate in many cases to six more hours in front of the television or on the quad. For some students, though, six extra hours with their books will boost their grades in a way that lab can’t. Besides, students should be allowed to allocate their study time in whatever way they see fit, and if that time still ends up getting wasted, at least it would be without the help of the University. Chris Bassil is a rising Trinity junior.


THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 | 51

The death of summer

If the academic year is the time for working hard, then it nation. Rich kids learn during the summer; poor kids follows that summer should be the time for hardly working. don’t—voila! Proof that summer, when left to its own Despite the impeccable logic of the above sentiment, it vegetative devices, ruins education. unfortunately contains more falsehood than truth. The lazy, After my own requisite attempt to singlehandedly save hazy, crazy days of summer simply don’t exist anymore. China through summer service, I was shipped home just Don’t agree? Perhaps you have fond memin time to witness my family’s upper-midories of endless summer afternoons, third-dedle-class efforts at educating my brother gree beach sunburns, glowing collections of during his break from elementary school. fireflies in jars. Maybe you still hold the ideal The plan involves my mother carting him of summer “vacation” dear to your heart. from science camp to karate lessons, forceBut take a look around. Duke summers feeding him 30 minutes of piano practice don’t play out in weeks of brain-numbing every day and painstakingly tracking his television-binging and anti-intellectualism— reading exploits for the local library’s or if they do, no one admits it. Instead, reading program. LDOC, far from representing the initiation I have no doubt that my brother is learnshining li of weeks of happy-go-lucky relaxation, actuing this summer. Still, the mini-chauffer serall too human ally ushers in a new era of non-school that vice set up at my house inspired a pang of bears a striking resemblance to its eightnostalgia in my heart for the fabricated summonth, two-semester counterpart. mer days of yore. Whatever happened to “Arthur” summers, If you’re a Duke student, chances are that you’ve done or the sweaty, halcyon days of “Calvin and Hobbes”? your best to pack your summer full of engaging and instrucBecause I have few “real summer” memories of my tive experiences. If you snagged an internship at a company own, I can only guess what I missed out on every summer at the top of the Fortune 500 list, found yourself on track to during my childhood. An organic sense of self-guided incure two types of cancer by the end of July or plan to jettison dependence, perhaps—or the chance to learn something across the ocean to redesign the socioeconomic structure of accidentally, without the restrictions of a lesson plan. a small Caribbean island, then congrats: you’re normal. The Whatever it is, every kid who is fed a prepackaged break rest of you better at least have stayed for Summer Session I to full of canned summer experiences inevitably trades it in finish the credits for your second major. for the sake of continual education. For anyone who hasn’t signed up to do at least one And to think—Duke students are most likely the children life-changing, pseudo-academic activity: you have some who grew up living those meticulously planned summers. serious splainin’ to do. Nothing much has changed. Now, instead of our parents, The push for summer productivity isn’t just popular we organize our own activities, shuttle ourselves to our overamong rabidly ambitious collegiate overachievers. If booked days, participate in nominally different programs life’s a race, then volleyball on the beach is an unneces- designed to teach us sterilized facts about the world. Instead sary pit stop for anyone who intends to win it. of coming back to school with stories about the tornado in “Outliers”—one of Malcolm Gladwell’s many books a bottle we made in camp, we come back with stories about designed to deliver insights too shocking to be wrong— our innocuous service trip helping the refugees of a tornadobemoans the general inefficiency of summer breaks and torn village in a third-world country. blames American culture for its lack of perpetual work But hey, at least we can’t be accused of not working ethic. Citing research conducted by Karl Alexander at hard enough. Johns Hopkins, Gladwell pins the achievement gap between lower-class and upper-class kids on summer stagShining Li is a rising Trinity junior.

Going green at home Since this is the send home edition of The Chronicle, ality is renovation decisions involve some amount of perit seems appropriate for the ‘green devil’ column to go sonal taste. The solution: Don’t like it? Change it. From home, too. wallpaper to countertops to whole kitchens. This thinking Most of the year I use this space to explore ways in which however, leads to a different kind of resource waste when Duke is making progress toward its climate neutrality goal. materials that haven’t reached the end of their useful life Using the University’s Climate Action Plan as a road map, are discarded. It also eliminates some of the savings facI’ve covered issues relating to energy, transtored into the initial calculation to purportation and carbon offsets. chase a greener product. Why does it make sense to focus on what Granted, most of us are not in the marhappens off campus? Of the four end-use ket for a new home and don’t even own consumption sectors measured by the Ansomething to tear apart. In fact, if you’re nual Energy Review 2008: Energy Consumprenting or living on campus, the biggest tion, a report published by the statistical arm decisions have already been made for you. of the U.S. Department of Energy, transporThe appliances are in place, the walls are tation and residential energy use make up built and you only get to set the temperaliz bloomhardt ture on the heating and cooling systems. the second and third largest sectors in the U.S. respectively. So what Duke thinks about Where do we go from here? To light green devil and does on campus, you can think about bulbs? Not in this column. In this column, and do at home too. we get in the car and head to school, or Take for instance the Duke policy to build new buildings work, or the grocery store, or even home. to a minimum standard of LEED silver certification. In addiWithout dwelling on the fact that we are all a bit more tion to new construction guidelines for buildings that Duke aware of our gasoline consumption this summer due to might build, LEED has guidelines for residential construc- the national disaster that persists in the blown-out oil tion as well called LEED for Homes. Both systems give points well in the Gulf of Mexico, I did mention earlier that for environmentally sound choices like site selection, using transportation is the second largest end-use energy secsustainably grown products and installing energy efficient tor. Instead of getting in the car, could you get on a bike? appliances and water saving fixtures. What about a bus or a train? Even good old fashioned Not in the market for a newly constructed home? Perhaps walking will do just fine most of the time—although it’s you’re doing some home renovation—I know I am. In that been too hot for moving at all here in Durham. case, the U.S. Green Building Council has some ideas for So after all that fuss about sustainable construction, you there, too. They offer two tools that both provide advice finishes and design, it all boils down to the old real estate and information: the REGREEN program (www.regreen- adage: location, location, location. and the USGBC’s Green Home Guide (still If you’re interested in following more at-home adin beta at, which also aims to con- ventures and digesting other ‘green devil’ fare, follow nect you with professionals. For local organizations, I found along at my blog: I’ll be Clean Energy Durham ( back in print when you’re back from all your summer They aim to empower local volunteers to educate neighbors adventures this fall, and we’ll pick right back up on that about energy efficiency. There has also been a proliferation Sustainable Duke mantra: “bleed blue, live green.” of companies in the area offering sustainability assessments and services to homeowners looking to renovate. You can level all the criticism and disgust at the bad Liz Bloomhardt is a third-year Ph.D. student in mechanical design decisions homeowners make on HGTV, but the re- engineering.

52 | THURSDAY, JULY 1, 2010 the chronicle

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News section of the July 1, 2010 issue of the Duke Chronicle

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