vol. 29 no. 1
fa l l 2011
friends of drayton hall
F rom G e n e r ation to G e n e r ation The Wood Family Fellowship and its Drayton Hall Legacy By Carter C. Hudgins, Ph.D., DIRECTOR OF PRESERVATION AND EDUCATION Since opening to the public in the 1970s, Drayton Hall has benefited from the support of countless individuals, businesses, and foundations. Contributions from the Friends of Drayton Hall, private donors, corporations, contractors, student interns, and volunteers have collectively helped to secure the preservation of Drayton Hall while sustaining the legacy of those who have lived and worked on site. Amongst an incredibly diverse range of support, one of the most significant contributions to the initiatives of Drayton Hall has been the establishment of the Wood Family Fellowship.
As described in the â€œPower of Partnershipsâ€? on page two, the connection between the Wood family and Drayton Hall goes back over 30 years. In 2005, in memory of his parents Leonard and Tanya and his brother Stephen, Tony Wood established the Wood Family Fellowship to provide an opportunity each year for a graduate student to research the history, architecture, archaeology, landscape, and/or decorative arts of Drayton Hall. Such a program has not only fostered the growth of the next generac o n t i nue d on page 4
a nati onal tr us t hi sto ri c s i te
Director’s Notes–George W. McDaniel, Ph.D.
Th e Pow e r of Pa rtn e r sh i p s From the outset, Drayton Hall, as a National Trust historic site, has been founded on partnerships. In the early 1970s, when Frank and Charles Drayton were faced with deciding the fate of their newly inherited ancestral home, they decided that the best way to do so was to sell—not to just anyone— but to a group of partners who could ensure that their family legacy would be protected and preserved with the level of care similar to what it had received from their family for more than two centuries. There weren’t many groups that could singly perform this task. As a result, a coalition emerged consisting of local, state, and national leaders. Frances Edmunds, then president of the Historic Charleston Foundation, and preservationists Richard Jenrette, Peter Manigault, Peter McGee, and Rufus Barkley played key roles, as did Charles Lee, director of the SC Department of Archives and History, and Fred Brinkman, director of the SC Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism, along with James Biddle, president of the National Trust, and private philanthropist Sally Reahard of Indianapolis. Together they and their friends, colleagues, and organizations raised the funds to secure the future of Drayton Hall.
“We are lucky to be reaping the benefits of your friendship after years of careful nurturing.” In the ensuing decades, partnerships have consistently benefited Drayton Hall and resulted in funding, staffing, and programs. A key example is the Wood Family Fellowship funded by our board chairman Anthony C. Wood and friends. It was established in memory of his parents, both of whom actively supported historic preservation, and of his brother Stephen. Stephen loved hands-on preservation and participated in the Trust’s restoration workshop that trained aspiring young professionals. While Stephen was working on the roof of Drayton Hall in 1980, the scaffolding collapsed, and he was thrown to his death. In 2000, after a memorial service for Stephen was held on site, Tony approached us about establishing a fellowship in his family’s name in order to bring outstanding graduate or post-graduate students to Drayton Hall to research topics critical to our scholarly foundation. Joyce Keegan, our Collections Manager, was the first Wood Family Fellow in 2005, and was followed by Carter Hudgins, our Director of Preservation and Education. Our archaeologist Sarah Stroud and Patricia Smith, our house manager, were also Wood Family Fellows in the past 3 years. To say we’ve reaped major benefits from the generosity of Tony and his friends is an understatement, and the fact that they were able to turn their devastating loss into something so beneficial to Drayton Hall serves as a wonderful opportunity for all of us to learn from. continued on page 3
cover photos, left: Miniature portrait of Charles Drayton (1743 – 1820). Unknown artist, second half of the 18th century. right: Preservationist Peter Wood (1953 – 1980).
The mission of Drayton Hall, a historic site of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, is to preserve and interpret Drayton Hall and its environs, in order to educate and inspire people to embrace historic preservation.
Drayton Hall Site Council Anthony Wood, chairman Elizabeth Alston, Mary Ravenel Black, Lonnie Bunch, Mimi Cathcart, Edward Crawford, Dr. Elise Davis-McFarland, Jane deButts (emeritus), Chad Drayton, Charles Drayton (emeritus), Frank Drayton, W. Eric Emerson, Carl Gable, Phil Gaines, Stephen F. Gates, Douglas Lee, Benjamin Lenhardt, Sandy Logan, Peter McGee (emeritus), Hampton Morris, Monty Osteen, Duane Parrish, Suzanne Pollak, Michael Prevost, Connie Wyrick (emeritus) Executive Director George W. McDaniel
interiors staff Kristine Morris, editor Natalie Baker, graphic designer Emily C. Pack, associate editor Robert A. Johnson, volunteer proofreader
Why friends become Friends — some recent quotes: “I find that Drayton Hall calls me. It has a peace that others do not.” — Elizabeth V., SC “We turned in on a whim and spent the better part of the day there.” — Virginia and Ed G. “We loved the idea of preservation versus restoration.” — Lisa R. & Rory K., CA “For not succumbing to the temptation to compromise its
dignity in ‘restoring’ it and dressing it up to look like an aged courtesan.” — Maureen H., Capetown, South Africa “Wish I didn’t live so far away.”
— Marty H., VA
What our teachers say (read more on page 7): “This was the most academically relevant field trip I have attended.”
— Katherine M., Chester Middle School, Chester, SC
“The educators’ seminar was outstanding! You were knowledgeable, well prepared and organized, extremely patient and gracious.” — Carol W., KS
From a Family Reunion group: “My family had wonderful things to say about the tour— it was a great and memorable event.”
— Margaret F., Anniston, AL
“I visited some years ago and have not ever forgotten it, it really put a hold on me...you could feel the history and see the beauty!” — Jan F-S 3380 Ashley River Road, Charleston SC 29414 Phone: 843-769-2600 Fax: 843-766-0878 www.draytonhall.org firstname.lastname@example.org
Pl a n n i ng w i th th e Pa st— De sig n i ng for th e F ut u r e The Teams of Robert and Company and Thomas & Denzinger Take On the Planning Process Since opening to the public in 1975, Drayton Hall has desired to construct facilities to display its invaluable collections, facilitate education programs, and better serve visitors to the site. Such a desire has dramatically increased in the last five years as the breadth and depth of Drayton Hall’s multidisciplinary research—including the site’s stunning archaeological work, internationally important museum collections, architectural analysis, and examination of surviving manuscripts—has established Drayton Hall as a site with diverse stories of worldly importance. Given the sensitive nature of Drayton Hall, the location of such a facility has to be carefully sited. Thanks to a generous grant from the Robert and Marion K. Kennedy Charitable Trust, two expert firms were hired for the purpose in early 2011. To date, Robert and Company of Atlanta, GA, has nearly completed the site survey to document existing conditions. This will be followed by Thomas and Denzinger Architects of Charleston and Beaufort, SC, who will design the new facilities.
Site map showing character areas.
Robert and Company has established an outstanding reputation for providing comprehensive planning and design services for over 50 years. Their philosophy is “to plan and design sustainable environments through a holistic, multi-disciplinary approach.” Experienced in all aspects of planning, including historic preservation studies and site master plans, Robert and Company promotes the values of equity and community vision through every planning effort. www.robertandcompany.com Jim Thomas and project architects Joel Wenzel and Kimberly Kraft will take the lead in the design of Drayton Hall’s new facilities. The firm, established in 1973, is experienced in institutional, commercial, educational, and custom residential buildings, from single residences to multimillion-dollar municipal complexes. For the Drayton Hall project they have assembled an award-winning team, comprised of landscape architects Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates Inc. and Wertimer & Associates, and the engineering firms of 4SE Structural Engineers, Forsberg Engineering, and GLS Engineering. Thomas & Denzinger “considers the making of architecture to be a creative response to the land; the land comes first, and when our work is done, one should be able to feel how the features of the site inspired the form of the buildings…” Visitors to Drayton Hall can see the firm’s ethic firsthand in their award-winning design for the Kennedy Library, which was completed in 1996. www.thomasanddenzinger.com
di r e c t or ’ s no t e s continued from page 2
While most partners are local or national, our network now extends overseas. For the last two years, we have had the pleasure of partnering with a remarkable international organization, the French Heritage Society. Thanks to Atlanta Friends Yetty Arp and Suzy Wasserman, three years ago we were introduced to the Society, whose mission is to enhance the cultural connections between France and America. Last year, in partnership with our neighbor Magnolia Plantation and Gardens, we hosted two landscape design students from Versailles, Thibaut Jeandel and Jean-Christophe Pigeon, both of whom produced thought-provoking designs for the enhancement of the museum shop landscape, which will be passed on for consideration to our master site planning teams. This summer, French Heritage Society intern Romain Lepesqueux researched and produced designs for the renovation of the tidal slough that comes into the historic landscape from the Ashley River, just upstream from the garden house site. Thanks to his research and hard work, the slough’s historical appearance has been clarified, and its historical role made all the more apparent. While partners like the Historic Charleston Foundation, the state of South Carolina, the Wood Family, and the French Heritage Society all have had positive and visible impacts on Drayton Hall, there is perhaps a less visible group of partners who, in fact, make all of our success possible. That’s the group of over 7500 Friends of Drayton Hall. It’s you who ensure that the lights in the office are turned on, the house is preserved, and the gates opened each day. George Washington observed, “True friendship is a plant of slow growth,” and here at Drayton Hall, we are lucky to be reaping the benefits of your friendship after years of careful nurturing. I would like to personally thank all of our partners for making the last 40 years possible, and hope that you, too, reap the benefits of your partnership with Drayton Hall.
with Drayton Hall’s wide range of resources has allowed for a level of multidisciplinary research that is rare among other historic sites. This translates directly to an incredible knowledge of the diverse histories of the site and its international connections of people, goods, and ideas.”
f ro m g e n e r at ion t o g e n e r at ion continued from cover
tion of preservationists, but the seven fellowships completed to date have greatly enhanced our knowledge and stewardship of Drayton Hall, its collections, and historical residents.
The Wood Family Fellows, 2005 – 2011
2007: Sarah Stroud Archaeologist and Preservation Coordinator, Drayton Hall
2005: Joyce Keegan Collections Manager, Drayton Hall
Building on the 2006 Wood Family Fellowship and the “rediscovery” of more than one million archaeological artifacts excavated between 1975 and 2007, Stroud worked to organize and re-house the collection and archive associated excavation records. This process has led to the creation of a sustainable archaeology program and the conservation of artifacts such as the creamware bowl pictured here. Stroud: “My fellowship was a great starting point for the reorganization of the archaeological collection—an effort that I now get to oversee as the staff archaeologist.”
Working exclusively with Drayton Hall’s museum collection, Keegan completed the first comprehensive objects inventory and conditions assessment report in preparation for a complete appraisal of the collection. Concurrent work focused on surviving Drayton furniture, including the remarkable Bureau Bookcase of John Drayton that is currently being conserved for exhibition at Colonial Williamsburg. Keegan: “The Wood Family Fellowship provided a wonderful opportunity to experience the foundation of collections management in a historic house museum. As a student of the decorative arts, the fellowship allowed me to study a small but significant collection, furthering my connoisseurship skills as well as broadening my knowledge of the role of English furniture in colonial America.”
2008: Natalie Ford Working with architectural conservator Chris Thompson, Ford’s work initially focused on stabilizing and preserving Drayton Hall’s interior painted surfaces, which date to the 1880s or earlier. Upon that project’s completion, Ford then created detailed interior and exterior elevation drawings of the Drayton privy ahead of necessary preservation work to stabilize the privy’s chimney.
2006: Carter Hudgins Director of Preservation and Education, Drayton Hall
With a focus on Drayton Hall’s 18th-century material culture, Hudgins began his internship with an examination of the Drayton Papers Collection to reveal new information about both the design and adaptation of Drayton Hall’s architecture. Additional work concerned an investigation of the George Edwards ornithological watercolors, c.1733, once owned by John Drayton, and preliminary evaluation of the site’s invaluable archaeological collection, consisting of materials owned and used by both the Drayton family and the site’s enslaved peoples. Hudgins: “Working
2009: John Harris PhD Candidate, Johns Hopkins University Charged with answering the question of why Drayton Hall survived destruction during the American Civil War, Harris examined the Drayton Papers Collection and national records repositories to find evidence of the site’s history during this turbulent period. In doing so, Drayton Hall’s survival still remains a legend, yet a greater understanding has been brought to the late 19th-cen
* (Courtesy of South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia)
tury members of the Drayton family and their actions during the war and Reconstruction.
2010: Patricia Smith Preservation Technician, Drayton Hall With the goal of organizing and archiving all past records associated with the preservation of Drayton Hall, Smith created Drayton Hall’s Preservation Archive. Available in both hard copy and electronic formats, the Preservation Archive provides contractors, students, scholars, artisans, and staff with access to all reports, invoices, correspondences, and photographs linked to preservation endeavors from the 1970s to the present. Additionally, Smith completed measured elevation drawings of Drayton Hall’s basement, first floor and second floor. Smith: “The process of combing through thirty-eight years worth of materials for the Preservation Archive proved to be invaluable as it gave me an insight into Drayton Hall that I could not have gained otherwise. Everything I learned during my fellowship informs the work that I do today.”
2011: Sean Urritia Graduate Student, Middle Tennessee State University Expanding on the previous investigations of architecture and material culture, the 2011 Wood Family fellow, Sean Urritia, researched the educational training, academic interests, peer groups and libraries of John Drayton (d.1779) and Charles Drayton (d. 1820) to shed light on the ‘intellectual landscape’ of the father and son pair. Combing the Drayton papers collection and numerous online record repositories in England and Scotland, Urritia helped to identify the books that once graced John Drayton’s library—titles that influenced the creation of Drayton’s plantation operations and the design of Drayton Hall’s landscape, as well as the academic peers of Charles Drayton. Classmates at the University of Edinburgh included significant scientific and political minds of the 18th century—many of which Charles Drayton corresponded with and visited throughout his lifetime—thus contributing to Drayton’s participation in intellectual pursuits of the 18th-century enlightenment. While much of the above research has been incorporated into tours of Drayton Hall, it is expected that future exhibits and publications will allow for these and numerous other stories to become publicly accessible. To learn more about the Wood Family Fellowship or to make a donation, please visit our website www.draytonhall.org or contact our development office at 843-769-2600.
About Anthony C. Wood Anthony C. “Tony” Wood is the Executive Director of the Ittleson Foundation. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor of Historic Preservation at Columbia University and the founder and chair of the New York Preservation Archive Project. Mr. Wood is a past Trustee of the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and has served on numerous preservation boards; he is Chairman of the National Trust’s Drayton Hall Site Council, the Chairman Emeritus of the Historic Districts Council, and New York State Advisor Emeritus to the National Trust for Historic Preservation. He is the author of “Preserving New York: Winning the Right to Protect a City’s Landmarks.”
“I had explored the possibility of a Fellowship with my Dad years earlier; after my parents’ deaths in 2004, I continued to pursue the idea with the National Trust. Because of Drayton Hall’s pressing needs, the Trust offered suggestions that made the Wood Family Fellowship operational the following year. As we enter into the Fellowship’s eighth year, it is especially rewarding to see the positive impact it has had on this important historic site, on the professional development of the individual fellows, and on the contributions to the field of historic preservation.” —Anthony C. Wood, Chairman, Drayton Hall Site Council
W h at is i t ?
left: The rare 1857 “Flying Eagle” penny found during this summer’s excavation; the front depicts an eagle in flight. (Coin is enlarged for detail.)
by sarah stroud archaeologist and preservation coordinator One of the most frequent questions Drayton Hall archaeologists are asked is if we ever find coins. Most often the answer is “no” as the artifacts we recover are the discards from the past, and like now, people do not generally throw out money intentionally with the trash. However, during this summer’s excavation near the northwest basement door of Drayton Hall, a total of four pennies were found! Three were modern, most likely lost by visitors since 1974, but one captured our interest. It was an 1857 “Flying Eagle” penny found in excavation unit 1085, level B. What makes this particular penny so special is that these coins were only minted for three years, from 1856-1858. The front of the coin depicts an eagle in flight while the back depicts the words “One Cent” surrounded by a wreath. Only 17,450,000 of these coins were minted in Philadelphia making them a rather rare coin. The mint found that the images were difficult to produce, however, so the flying eagle design was abandoned in 1859 when the “Indian Head” penny was introduced into circulation. While we don’t know who owned the penny or when they dropped it, the penny does help us determine that the stratigraphic layer it was found in dates to 1857 or later. Perhaps it belonged to Dr. John Drayton (1831-1912) or Charles Henry Drayton I (1847-1915)?
right: The back of the coin depicts the words “One Cent” surrounded by a wreath; only 17,450,000 of these coins were ever minted. (Enlarged for detail.)
TEACHERS LOV E SUMMER BREA K! by rikki davenport, curator of education As a classroom teacher, I always appreciated my summer breaks. However, I didn’t spend much time sleeping late or at the beach. Instead, like many teachers, I spent my summer breaks in workshops and professional development courses to enhance my teaching and earn graduate credit. Thanks to a grant from the National Trust’s Interpretation and Education Fund and the Hearst Foundation, Drayton Hall was able to offer a unique professional development opportunity for teachers. During the week of July 11–15, nineteen South Carolina teachers and two teachers from Kansas were immersed in the history of Drayton Hall and the Lowcountry of South Carolina. Covering topics from colonial history through Reconstruction, teachers took part in lectures, research projects, and visits to sites, including Ft. Sumter, Ft. Moultrie, and The Penn Center. As educators, we are fortunate that the South Carolina Lowcountry has numerous rich resources for our students to experience. Keeping that in mind, one of the goals of the course was to communicate the importance of site-based education at historic sites and to help teachers utilize their local resources to enrich their classroom curriculum. In order to offer graduate credit to the participating teachers, Drayton Hall partnered with the College of Charleston. Drayton Hall educator Leslie Newman and I were approved as adjunct instructors and created the syllabus for the course. As former classroom teachers, we thought very carefully about what we would want to get out of a professional development program. For Leslie and me, it was being able to walk away from that experience knowing we had something we could really use for our classes and something our students could get excited about. As our grant was a one-time opportunity, we hope to secure funding to continue the summer course for teachers. We already have a waiting list of eager teachers who are looking forward to spending their summer break at Drayton Hall! 66
right: Drayton Hall Elementary School teachers screening for artifacts.
Teachers digging and sifting.
ased upon the comments of participating teachers, it looks like we found a winning formula.
“To be quite honest, it was one of the best courses I’ve ever taken. They were extremely knowledgeable and the course allowed us to see things you won’t see in the textbook.” -Russ Hammond, Summerville High School teacher
“I’ve never been so excited about a class. I can’t say enough about Rikki and Leslie—they were so thorough.” -Barbara Crosby, Berkeley County teacher & Dorchester District 2 school board member.
by courtney bates, development coordinator, with rosemary giesy
Bob and Rosemary Giesy joined the Friends of Drayton Hall more than ten years ago. In 2010, they took the plunge and became one of the first members to join our new monthly giving program. Recently, I sat down with Rosemary and talked about Drayton Hall’s Bricks and Mortar monthly giving program. CB: What initially prompted you to join the Friends of Drayton Hall? RG: The invitation to become a Friend, extended by our guide Peggy Reider during our first tour, combined with our interest in historic preservation, was an offer too good to refuse. After being a Friend for so many years, why did you choose to join our Bricks and Mortar program? For me, supporting Drayton Hall’s preservation and education needs is a critical and important part of what all of us should be doing to protect America’s heritage. Joining the monthly giving program allows me to support those efforts continuously. Like driving in a rain storm and having your lights automatically turn on, monthly giving is organized and convenient without my doing anything. For you, what is the best characteristic of monthly giving? The automated convenience and the flexibility of choosing the payment date and monthly amount are key. And, because it’s so manageable, I’m able to increase my annual gift without shocking my budget. Do you think you will continue to be a monthly giving Friend? Of course. As a monthly giver I am assured that necessary preservation work will continue to be addressed at Drayton Hall. I can look at the house, walk through the rooms, and know that I help make a difference every month. It’s very rewarding. Want to learn more? Visit Drayton Hall’s monthly giving webpage—www.draytonhall.org/support/monthly_giving/ —to see how your small change can make a big change.
Rosemary was an educator before she started working as a Drayton Hall guide 10 years ago. Bob worked in the management of historic properties before he and Rosemary retired in the Charleston area. Their daughters and four grandchildren frequently enjoy Friends events at Drayton Hall.
In the non-profit fundraising world, one of the best types of gifts an organization can receive is a matching gift. Donors that present these types of gifts hope to inspire their friends, colleagues, and other donors by setting such a high philanthropic bar and overwhelmingly, matching gifts help organizations reach their fundraising goals. Last year, Executive Director George W. McDaniel was approached by longtime Friends and supporters Ben and Cindy Lenhardt about a possible gift that would help raise money for the acquisition of 21 watercolors by famed British ornithologist George Edwards. The importance to Drayton Hall’s story combined with the Drayton family’s attainable sale price made Dr. McDaniel hopeful that the watercolors could return home to Drayton Hall. Lovers and collectors of fine art, the Lenhardts were taken by the beautiful and rare watercolors, and shared McDaniel’s desire to acquire them for Drayton Hall’s permanent collection. Instead of simply presenting a leading gift, however, the couple wanted to inspire others to give as well—and so issued a challenge. They would match one to one every dollar raised, up to $150,000. Their generosity meant that every donor to the campaign would essentially see their commitment doubled. The response was immediate as local Charleston residents and Friends based as far away as California and New York rose to the Lenhardts’ challenge. Within three months, the $300,000 goal had been met, plus almost $50,000 more in surplus that will go into a Collections fund to help with future acquisitions. The Lenhardts’ generous gift is a perfect illustration of how donors can make their dollars go farther by leveraging other assets—in this case other donors’ propensity to give. Ultimately, the success of the campaign depended in large part on the challenge gift itself. According to McDaniel: “Without the Lenhardts’ challenge, it would have been so much more difficult to achieve our fundraising goal. What’s more, through their leadership, they have helped to enhance future generations’ understanding of Drayton Hall’s place in the transatlantic world of the 18th century and its robust connection with the European intellectual community of the period.”
Ben and Cindy Lenhardt have been active Friends of Drayton Hall since 1999 and have long had a serious interest in the collections at Drayton Hall. The Lenhardts split their time between their homes in Winnetka, IL, and downtown Charleston. After seeing the George Edwards watercolors, they knew they were ready to make a serious commitment to bringing the works of art into the Drayton Hall collection. Ben says, “Assisting with the George Edwards fundraising initiative was a natural extension of our interest in libraries and printed material. The George Edwards watercolors are beautiful, and we are very happy we could help ‘bring them home.’” Cindy shares equally in Ben’s enthusiasm over the rare watercolors. “What intricate details George Edwards shows in his watercolors,” she says. “The colors and vibrancy make the specimens from far-flung, exotic places he painted almost come alive. Drayton Hall is so fortunate to have some of John Drayton’s treasures and to be able to inspire supporters with research about them.” 7
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Book Signing at Bishop Gadsden Friday, November 4th 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Preservation Wednesdays Third Wednesday of every month 10:00am to Noon
Annual Spirituals Concerts at Drayton Hall—A Charleston Tradition! December 3rd and 4th
Join author Margaret “Peg” Eastman and Bishop Gadsden residents Charles “Charlie” H. Drayton III and Ted Stern for short readings on stories from her new book Old Charleston Originals: From Celebrities to Scoundrels. Autographed copies will be available for purchase; don’t miss the chapter on “The Draytons of Drayton Hall,” about the Drayton family and Charlie’s ancestral home.
This hands-on experience is open to Friends! Every third Wednesday, Drayton Hall Friends, staff, and members of the Drayton family—including Charles H. Drayton III who heads up the washing table—have used toothbrushes to gently loosen and clean centuries of dirt from thousands of our artifacts. Several hundred hours have been logged since this program started over two years ago. Friends interested in volunteering may contact Drayton Hall Archaeologist Sarah Stroud at 843-769-2637 or email@example.com.
Saturday, December 3rd – 3:00pm matinee & evening concert at 5:30pm Sunday, December 4th – 3:00pm matinee Features Ann Caldwell & The Magnolia Singers. These popular concerts begin with a reception and informal house tours followed by the performance. Reservations are required. Tickets are $35 for adults; $30 for Friends of Drayton Hall. Seats are selling fast. To avoid disappointment, please call 843-7692605 to reserve.
Visit our website at www.draytonhall.org for additional information.