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POTENCY

More Than Just A Number

ROOTS RESTORED Native Lands & Cannabis

JULIAN MARLEY TIME FOR A HIGHER LEVEL

STRAIN OF THE MONTH PURPLE GANGSTER

GROW

PREPPING THE OUTDOOR GARDEN

CANNA-NEWS OREGON ACTIVISTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

APRIL 2015 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE ISSUE 12

10 MEDICAL STRAIN OF THE MONTH PURPLE GANGSTER

12 EDIBLES

20 CANNA-NEWS

HYPNOS TINCTURE

CANNABIS ON NATIVE LAND

24 FEATURE

JULIAN MARLEY

31 GROW

38 FEATURE RETAIL

GET GROWING

LEGISLATIVE UPDATE

CLEAR CHOICE CANNABIS

LANSING, MICHIGAN

98

80 GERONIMO

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FEELIN’ BRAND NEW

WOMEN GROW!

CONCENTRATE SWEET & SOUR WHITE PIZZA

64 BUSINESS

PROFILE

ROAD TRIP

GARDEN

MEASURE 91

62

56

44

40

HEALTH

LIVER HEALTH

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

70 RETAIL

COMING OUT THE CANNABIS CLOSET


EXODUS WELLNESS


EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

CONTRIBUTING WRITERS

JAMES ZACHODNI

SHARON LETTS

EDITORIAL DIRECTOR EVAN CARTER CFO DAVID TRAN

R.Z.HUGHES DAVID BAILEY LINDSEY RINEHART JOHNNY HALFHAND DR. KIMBERLY FREE

OPERATIONS DIRECTOR TREK HOLLNAGEL SALES MANAGER EMMETT FRASER STATE DIRECTOR RYAN JOHNSTONE

CONTRIBUTING ARTISTS JOSHUA BOULET NARISSA-CAMILLE PHETHEAN

CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHERS DANIEL ERICH

REGIONAL SALES DIRECTOR

MARK COFFIN

NATHAN CHRYSLER

BARON WALTON

ONLINE EDITOR MEGHAN RIDLEY

SALES REPS BRANDON DWYER

COPY EDITOR

CHRISTY DAVENPORT

ALISON BAIRD

NATE WILLIAMS

ART DIRECTOR BRANDON PALMA ( 8THDAYCREATE.COM )

DOPE DESIGN AGENCY RYAN CATABAY

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EMAIL US AT ADS@DOPEMAGAZINE.COM

SOCIAL MEDIA MANAGER DALLAS KEEFE

LEAD PHOTOGRAPHER ALLIE BECKETT

DOPE is a free publication dedicated to providing an informative and wellnessminded voice to the cannabis movement. While our foundation is the medical cannabis industry, it is our intent to provide ethical and research-based articles that address the many facets of the war on drugs, from politics to lifestyle and beyond. We believe that through education and honest discourse, accurate policy and understanding can emerge. DOPE Magazine is focused on defending both our patients and our plant, and to being an unceasing force for revolutionary change.

COVER PHOTO BY BARON WALTON COVER DESIGN BY 8THDAYCREATE.COM

QUESTIONS? COMMENTS?

EMAIL US AT INFO@DOPEMAGAZINE.COM WWW.DOPEMAGAZINE.COM

DOPE Magazine and the entire contents of this magazine are copyright 2015 DOPE MAGAZINE LLC, all rights reserved and may not be reproduced in any manner, in whole or part without the written permission from Dope Magazine LLC PUBLISHED IN SEATTLE, WASHINGTON 98109

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STRAIN OF THE MONTH

PURPLE GANGSTER GENETICS THE MAIN parent

genetics come from Gangster Kush, an indica dominant hybrid. The sativa portion is commonly known to produce a happy mood and euphoric state. It’s famous on the West Coast for being a key genetic building block to many strains. The true genetics are still in question and many myths float around about the origins. The other parent is Deep Purple. A strong indicia created by taking the best qualities from strains such as Purple Urkle, in hopes to pump up the grape taste and to produce profound calming and relaxing effects.

EFFECT TIME SEEMED to slow and stretch on. My head was hazy in a good way. I felt creatively driven. I would pair this with art of any form and see where the wind takes you. At the gym my body felt loose and fluid while I ran and stretched. My eyelids were heavy, but the sativa genetics kept me alert. However, the munchies factor was off the charts. Have your snacks locked and loaded.

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WRITER K.C. SWAIN

PHOTOS DANIEL ERICH

SMELL SWEET AND

fruity. When I broke open the nug and inhaled, there was a pungent pine scent and then it faded into that signature sweet ripe grape aroma. The grape comes out best when added to flame. The sugary notes were pleasant and lingered like a friend on 4:20.

THC 19.07% CBD 0.09% • TESTED AT •

GREEN LEAF LABS

MEDICAL BENEFITS THIS STRAIN has been shown to offer relief to patients dealing with stress, pain, insomnia, anxiety and depression. Depending on the amount ingested, this is a good choice for either daytime or nighttime use. One is able to find a happy balance.

LOOKS BIG FROSTY buds

that look like clusters of pearls. The leaves are green with dark purple veins. While orange hairs creep from the bunches. At first glance this is not a leafy strain, but its surface is coated in a chunky layer of caramel tinted trichomes. The growth is tight and uniform.

FLAVOR RICH AND earthy.

It produces that classic creamy purple taste once smoked. My lips were juicy and tasted slightly tart. I drooled a little. It was so juicy!

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

• FARM • La Mota Farms

WHERE: • La Mota 7435 SE 52nd Ave Portland, OR 97206 503-777-9333


EDIBLES

TJ’S ORGANIC GARDENS- HYPNOS TINCTURE

INCTURES are a great alternative

dosing method for many patients who don’t typically prefer smoking or eating cannabis. Applied sublingually, the effects of a dose from a tincture are traditionally felt much faster (within 15-30 minutes) than if a patient ingests their medication orally. Some patients prefer to mix their tincture in coffee, teas or juices. TJ’s Organics grow all of their cannabis organically and uses an organic food grade alcohol to make the whole plant extract this tincture is comprised of. TJ’s uses coconut oil instead of traditional food grade alcohol or vegetable glycerin as a base, giving it a uniquely smooth flavor that is not overwhelmingly oily. Patients accustomed to the sweet and earthy, honey-like taste and consistency of glycerin based tinctures or the harsh taste of food grade alcohol will find this mild tasting tincture a relief from the bitterness they are accustomed too. The concentrated earthy color of the flower is apparent in the dark color, unsurprising with a potency of 1000mg THC per bottle. New patients will feel the effects of the tincture at about a quarter of a dropper, or 20 drops. Regular users seemed to enjoy about ½ to 2/3 of a dropper, or roughly 40-60 drops. Users with higher tolerances accustomed to consuming concentrated oils and edibles may need to ingest more, a full dropper or more.

1000mg of THC per bottle

1mg

per drop

• TESTED AT • 3B Analytical

WHERE TO FIND IN OREGON: •Canna-Daddy’s Wellness Center •Oregon’s Finest •Five Zero Trees • Eugene OG •Oregon Grown •and coming soon TJ’s Eugene WHERE TO FIND IN WASHINGTON: •Greenworks Co-Operative •Left Coast Cannabis •NWPRC •Humanity Collective •Healthy Element •TJ’s Organics

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$75

WRITER LINDSEY RINEHART

PHOTOS DANIEL ERICH


Medijuana4u Oregon Medical Marijuana Dispensary

Commitment to Pain Relief Family owned and operated.

8135 SE Woodward St. Portland, OR 97206

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Co-Op

CANNABLISS

“From day one, the focus has been providing high quality cannabis products at a low cost to consumers.“

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WRITER 1917 SE 7th Ave Portland, OR OWNER: Matt Price

K.C. SWAIN

PHOTOS DANIEL ERICH

T 1917 SE 7th Ave, a historic brick firehouse

stands. Inside the giant double doors, an official plaque notes the building was built in 1913. It was a fully operationally fire department till it was decommissioned in 1973. This is the home of Cannabliss; a medical cannabis dispensary that has established it’s self as a strong figure in the community. Pushing to stay local, provide jobs and grow the movement. The centerpiece of the waiting room is a giant antique wood bar used as the reception desk. To the right there is an operational fire pole. Further inside, the showroom has rare fire fighter artifacts on display, some of which were found in the reconstruction and or brought in by collectors. Matt Price, co-owner and operator, got his start in the MMJ community in Colorado on the cultivation side of the business. His local ties to Portland and knowledge learned out there helped him decide to start his own business. When the laws in Oregon changed, he came home to get things rolling. So far he has ran Portland’s longest standing dispensary. From day one, the focus has been providing high quality cannabis products at a low cost to consumers. This is reinforced by their commitment to customer service. The user experience is based in being part of the family. Cannabliss strives to be your helping hand with an educated and sociable staff. The concentrates are on center stage. They have their own counter and it’s called the “Cannabliss Oil Field.” At any time there is 50+ types of dabble products to choose from. The shelves in the rear store beautiful glass containers of premium flowers. One of the bud tenders saw me eying some locally grown Killer Queen and handed me the container for a proper smell. Example of a high quality product. Cannabliss takes pride in offering the best medicine available. Their preferred vendors include: Thrive Health Gardens, Jasper Hill Farms, Oregrown Industries, Golden Xtrx and Wy’East. Be sure to stop in and meet cannabis industry professionals at the Vendor Expo, hosted weekly on Friday afternoons. OTHER LOCATIONS: ( The Sorority House ) 588 E 11th Ave Eugene, OR 97401 ( Burnside ) 2231 W Burnside St Portland, OR 97210 dopemagazine.com ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE

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CANNA-NEWS

CANNABIS REESTABLISHING ROOTS ON NATIVE LANDS HE OCTOBER 2014 memorandum from the Department of Justice regarding cannabis cultivation on tribal lands has grown into a budding medical cannabis operation in Pinoleville Pomo Nation, a reservation located in Mendocino County, California. Entitled Policy Statement Regarding Cannabis Issues in Indian Country, the memorandum acknowledged outreach from tribes regarding the Controlled Substances Act and the ongoing changes concerning the plant’s cultivation for medical, recreational and agricultural purposes. The federal government’s response opened the door for legal cannabis cultivation on tribal lands, stating: “Indian Country includes numerous reservations and tribal lands with diverse sovereign governments, many of which traverse state borders and federal districts. Given this, the United States Attorneys recognize that effective federal law enforcement in Indian Country, including cannabis enforcement, requires consultation with our tribal partners in the districts and flexibility to confront the particular, yet sometimes divergent, public safety issues that can exist on any single reservation.” There are currently 566 tribes officially recognized by the federal government, many of which have disparate views on cannabis. Washington state’s Yakima Nation, for example, banned the plant across all of its over 1 million acres following recreational legalization in 2012. But back to the 250-member Pinoleville Pomo Nation located in the infamous Emerald Triangle-

WRITER

ILLUSTRATION

MEGHAN RIDLEY

JOSHUA BOULET

-a region notorious for ideal cannabis cultivation, where the tribe plans to build a $10 million dollar operation. The tribe has released a statement outlining the cannabis will be used only for “medicinal purposes” and “will be grown in secure, low profile greenhouses located within the tribe’s reservation. The Tribal law will dictate extensive security measures that will be required of the operation. Cultivation will have no significant impact on the reservation’s environment and generate no significant off-reservation impacts.” There have been reports of Pinoleville partnering with United Cannabis out of Colorado, and FoxBarry Farms out of Kansas to help manage the large-scale operation. Their statement further elaborated: “Not only will Pinoleville comply with California’s medical cannabis laws, but Tribal laws will establish an administrative oversight that includes background checks, licensing, and investigation of all employees, managers, and persons associated with the business to ensure that the business is safe and legal.” As the roots of cannabis find themselves reestablished on native lands, there will be an undoubted eye to the issue of substance use, abuse, and the overall integration of the plant into the native culture. However, here we find not just a native issue, but a human issue--and a balance to strike between medicine, recreaction, and the overall wellness agent cannabis can be in this ever-changing dialogue.

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JULIAN MARLEY TIME FOR A HIGHER LEVEL

WRITER MEGHAN RIDLEY

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ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

PHOTO BARON WALTON

GRAPHICS 8THDAYCREATE .COM


OGETHER, music and cannabis have been taking people to higher levels for generations. But few names bring the two together like Marley. . . The Marley name is synonymous with reggae and cannabis, but Julian Marley is now bringing the next generation of beats and what he calls the “BOOMDRAW” for the new era of Marley fans. And when the Marley name does come up--especially around the 4/20 time of year--it is all the more reason to celebrate the family lineage and the undoubted synergy between music and cannabis. As one of the roots of the Rastafarian movement, Marley summarized the relationship with the simple statement,

“MUSIC IS NATURAL AND HERB IS NATURAL.” DOPE Magazine caught up with Marley for a festive 4/20 Q & A to further explore what budding plans the son of Bob Marley has on his mind and in the works. . .

On the topic of being Bob Marley’s son. . . It is very humbling to know that our father was such a great humanitarian through his music, and I’m very grateful and thank all the people that accepted his music and embraced his message of one love. He was very humble and down to earth which helps us to be down to earth also. It’s a great feeling to know it’s all for goodness.

Thoughts on the medical cannabis and full legalization movements. . . I’ve always believed that herb has a great medical benefit. From what I know of herb, which is over a decade now, I knew this was a special thing with great healing elements in it. Rastas use it for meditation, some people drink and cook with it; it’s an all around plant that is not just for one use. So when we see the benefits of the herb and what it does enabling you to free up the mind mentally, you know it’s special. The plant should have been legal from the beginning as Jah created it. The amount of people that have been prosecuted and the blood shed in Jamaica spans over decades, all over herb. So legalizing it changes that. It’s a great thing and more blessings. dopemagazine.com ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE

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On reggae music. . . It can be said that herb and music go together. With music you always have herb-- especially for reggae music, which is Rasta. Reggae music is the music of everyday life, and herb is a part of that, so the two go hand in hand. Our music is freedom music and the herb is a natural plant, so we are advocates for the legalization of herb.

Current musical projects. . . Currently I am working on a new album due to release this year and have been in the studio working on some new songs. At the moment, I have a new single coming out titled ‘Lemme Me Go’ --it’s about the freedom and legalization of herb.

Enlighten us on your 4/20 rituals. . .

Genetics to create the ultimate “BOOMDRAW” --my term for the best herb.

Strains that are current or all-time favorites. . . I don’t always remember all the names, but OG is a favorite as well Durban Poison, Colombian Gold and Sensemina. Those are the old time favorites and they are hard to find. I’m just an advocate of good herb, the good grade, the boom draw!

On the topic of the dreaded “too high” moment. . . Whether you smoke or eat you need to know your limits. You have to respect it and know when to put it down.

JULIAN MARLEY’S TERM FOR “THE BEST HERB”

Well, on that sacred time and date we give thanks with our family and friends and congregate reasoning about things. Every time herb is smoked there is always some form of educational topic that is discussed, whether it’s about life or music. So on this day it’s all about giving thanks, good food and listening to reggae music.

Flowers, edibles or concentrates. . .

Tell us about your JUJU Royal Premium Cannabis Project. . .

“Rastafarians have always been at the forefront. If you look at our father Bob Marley’s album cover ‘Catch a Fire’ you will see a big spliff. Rastas have always been an advocate for herb. We have always known the benefits and spiritual connection with the herb, they have smoked it from creation, it’s natural.”

Dropleaf has created a full line of premium merchandise inspired by myself, hence the name JUJU Royal. They’ve teamed up with DNA

The natural format is my preference--the bud, the flower.

What Marley sees as his role in the cannabis movement going forward...

In a world where canna-branding is ever-expanding, it is no surprise that investors are seeking out names with notoriety within this once solely black market trade. As the Founder/CEO of Dropleaf was sure to note, “Our goal at Dropleaf is to make the Julian Marley “JUJU Royal” brand the most recognizable brand in the cannabis industry. Julian is an authentic representative that brings a high level of consciousness.” As the cannabis industry evolves, definitely keep an eye out for Julian Marley. As the middle child of Bob Marley, he’s well aware that it’s time for a higher level.

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GROW

GET GROWING

WRITER DAVID BAILEY

Prepping The Outdoor Garden

HE MORNING frost on my wind-

shield makes summer seem far off but the sunshine has been a nice reminder that planting is just around the corner! Whether you’re growing in super sacks or straight in the ground, now is the time to get the ball rolling. With a supply list, work order and a little bit of sweat, you’ll be well on your way to a hefty harvest in no time! When planning an outdoor garden, location is key. Being that the sun is your entire source of light, you want to make sure you can get the most of it. Ideally, your garden will always face south. In the real world; forests, buildings and nosey neighbors don’t always position themselves in the ideal way for your ganja growing. If you don’t have the fortune of a southward facing hill with no skyscraping trees, find a spot that has as much direct sunlight as possible and yet stays illuminated when it’s not direct. Decision time: Grow bags or Mother Nature. Grow bags are great for controlling nutrients, water consumption and plant growth. If you have lots of time to water, a soil recipe you trust and poor native soil, grow bags are a blessing from above! The downsides are that outdoor grown plants can take as much as 10 gallons of water per day per plant! If you don’t have irrigation, you’re better off dropping them in the ground than carrying hundreds of gallons by hand. Not to mention, underestimating how much nutrients your plant will need can lead to a devastating harvest. With how heavy these trees feed, it can often be easier to take advantage of what’s free and already there! While mowing the lawn has never been my favorite past time, clearing a cannabis field always makes me smile from ear to ear. I like to look out and pretend the ladies are already exploding in summer growth and visualize what complications might come

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Before you go drop seeds in the soil outside, consider starting them inside first. I like to start the outdoor grow with a plant that’s already well rooted, sexed, and ready for the elements. A few days before you transplant outdoors, leave the pot to sit outside for a few hours during the day and bring it back in if it begins to look stressed. The intense light from the sun and constant airflow can be a real shock to a little pot plant! By the time you drop her in the soil, she’ll be acclimated and ready to rock. Growing outdoors is hard work. All the digging, soil turning, clearing of brush, mowing, spraying, building and planning can really add up! The beauty is that you get out what you put in. With a lot of elbow grease, patience and a good attitude, a long summer can lead to a bountiful harvest. And maybe an arm worth flexing too!

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

8THDAYCREATE .COM

QUICK STEPS TO PREP GARDEN

from how things look now. How healthy are the surrounding plant life? Will there be good air flow? Where/how will I get water? A few days of clearing, tilling, amending and spraying can be the difference between success and failure. Summer bugs are obviously going to find their way to your plants but a few measures now can keep them from consuming your hard earned work. When I mentioned spraying, I like to spray my beds and the entire surrounding area with predator nematodes several times before the season begins and into the first few weeks of production. A lot of bugs that attack cannabis, ex. root aphids, grasshoppers and cucumber beetles, emerge from the soil in the early summer. Predator nematodes make sure they never make it to chomping at your plants or making more chomping babies. Simple brush clearing for airflow helps minimize pests as well. A constant breeze keeps rambling critters on the road.

GRAPHICS

1. Select ideal location

2. Clear off brush, mow

3. Plan water source and how it will get there

A

B

C

4. Designate beds, till and amend with nutrients - I like to top dress the beds in compost to help reactivate the soil life!

5. Install watering system

6. Get those babies started for the summer transplant!


5

4

1

3

6

2

SUPPLIES NEEDED 1 Garden tools (shovels, wheelbarrows, knee pads) 2 Soil amendments (talk to your local grow shop) 3 Pump Sprayers 4 Lawn mower 5 Soil tester 6 Compost (If desired) dopemagazine.com ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE

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CANNA-NEWS

OREGON CANNABIS ACTIVISTS An Introduction to Some of Your Local Heroes

WRITER LINDSEY RINEHART

regon has some of the best medical cannabis laws in the nation, and with great laws comes effective cannabis activists. These hard working people are citizens who have dedicated their every waking moments to cannabis law reform and greater increased freedoms for us all.

• LELAND BERGER •

• JOHN SAJO •

• TODD DALOTTO •

is a local attorney with over 30 years in experience and is well known for his criminal defense and cannabis advocacy work. He has since transitioned into his own practice, Oregon Cannabis Compliance Counsel, which advises cannabusinesses in being compliant with cannabis laws seeking advice on cannabis law compliance. Berger has advised multiple ballot initiatives for legalization, dispensary laws, including most recently Measure 91. Berger is currently involved with the NORML Legal Committee, the Oregon Criminal Defense Lawyers Association, Americans For Safe Access Board of Legal Advisors, the National Cannabis Industry Association and the Oregon Cannabis Industry Association.

is a legend of an activist who has been involved in Oregon cannabis activism since the mid 70’s. Sajo started out with the Reed College Cannabis Alliance in 1976 before working on the Oregon Cannabis initiative in 1982. In 1996 he founded Voter Power, which was a large political action group with a direct focus in helping patients obtain and grow their own medicine, giving away several hundred pounds of medicine and teaching people how to grow. The group had input on various pieces of legislation, and ran several petitions. In 1997 they helped successfully run a referendum that overturned the criminalization of under 1 oz. of cannabis and then went on to help with Measure 67’ which gave us the Oregon Medical Cannabis Act (OMMA). Now departed, Lindsey Bradshaw was frequently chief petitioner of the various ballot initiatives that the group ran. John is still very active politically as a member of the Sungrown Growers Guild and has been very busy testifying against local moratoriums in the state legislature.

is a well-known horticultural scientist who advises on public policy, as well as an expert witness specializing in cannabis. Dalotto is a dedicated cannabis activist and cannabis industry consultant. Dalotto is thought to have authored the world’s first hemp cookbook, The Hemp Cookbook: From Seed to Shining Seed. Dalotto is also the owner and founder of Hungry Bear Hemp Foods. Additionally, he founded the state’s first medical cannabis clinic, education and support center, the Compassion Center, in Eugene. For the last 15 years, Dalotto has defended patients and growers since what would become the Advisory Committee on Medical Cannabis (ACMM) through the state department of health. He currently chairs the ACMM’s dispensary committee.

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• STORMY RAY •

• ANNA DIAZ •

• ANTHONY JOHNSON •

was a member of Voter Power who was active during the OMMA campaign as a spokesperson and advocate. Ray is a patient with multiple sclerosis who has testified in support of the legislation multiple times. She currently runs the Stormy Ray Cardholders Foundation, which is running a program called ‘U People’ aimed at helping the Eastern side of the state (where she is located) through its canna-bigotry.

has been a cannabis activist in Oregon since she relocated here in 2001 from Alaska. She immediately helped with the Million Man Cannabis March and joined Portland NORML. Diaz then moved on to co-found Oregon NORML, where she remains active on the advisory board. She is a fixture of the Global Cannabis March, held each May here in Portland. She also helped found and currently sits on the national board of Parents for Pot.

is a dedicated patient advocate and registered lobbyist who served as the chief petitioner for Measure 91 and is currently the executive director of New Approach Oregon. Johnson became the political director of Voter Power in 2005 and has worked on countless ballot measures and legislative pieces, helping bring Measure 74 to ballot in 2010. Currently Johnson is working to defend Measure 91 in Salem. He also works to unite cannabis industry entrepreneurs and advocates as content director for the Oregon Medical Cannabis Business Conference and International Cannabis Business Conference

“Everyone wants to use cannabis against each other instead of using it as medicine, but the science is there. There is no denying its use,” she said.

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• SAM CHAPMAN•

• MADELINE MARTINEZ •

founded the University of Oregon Students for Sensible Drug Policy chapter during his time as a student. There he met legendary activist Jim Grieg, who taught him “what it really meant to fighfor the rights of medical cannabis patients here in Oregon.” Over the years, he has been involved with Americans for Safe Access, the Drug Policy Alliance, Oregon ACLU and many others. In 2012 he created the Oregonian’s for Law Reform PAC to independently raise money for Measure 80. He also contributed to and co-authored H.B. 3460, which legalized and regulated medical cannabis dispensaries, and S.B. 281, the latter of which added PTSD as a qualifying conditions. In 2013 he founded New Economy Consulting, a “political and business consulting firm that works with a select group of entrepreneurs and investors to assist in opening 100% compliant businesses.”

is the founder of Portland’s World Famous Cannabis Café, which was the first patient lounge in the USA. She is the former executive director of Oregon NORML and the first Latina to sit on the national board of NORML. Martinez co-founded the NORML Women’s Alliance and has sat on many advisory committees over the years advocating for patient rights and contributing to the drafts of various pieces of legislation, including Measure 91.

•ANTHONY TAYLOR • (not pictured)

is the director of Compassionate Oregon, and the interim director of the Oregon Cannabis Industry Associate. Taylor began his activist work because he “couldn’t see the logic in keeping something as innocuous as cannabis illegal.” As a registered lobbyist for Compassionate Oregon, Anthony is one of the leading voices heard in Salem when it comes to patient needs. Since 1978 he’s been committed to not seeing cannabis users arrested, prosecuted, or children removed for cannabis use or possession. “To that point, the 2015 Legislative Session presents an opportunity to stick to these goals throughout implementing Measure 91 and strengthening the medical program,” he says.

• SARAH BENNETT AND DON MORSE • are the co-directors of The Human Collective, the dispensary in which H.B. 3460 (the law that made dispensaries legal) was modeled. Sarah is the Founder, and Don is the Co-Director of this organization. Morse says that together they “built the Human Collective into a model for safe access in a socially responsible manner.”  Morse and Bennett were financial backers of H.B. 3460 and also lent their expertise to the bill’s language. Bennett is on the Advisory Committee for Medical Cannabis (ACMM) and Morse has since founded the Oregon Cannabis Business Council, which represents various industry producers.

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ROOTED IN OREGON

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CANNA-NEWS

LEGISLATIVE UPDATE Oregon Liquor Control Commission Makes Recommendations on Implementing Measure 91

HE OREGON cannabis industry is growing at lightning speed and it can be difficult to navigate all the new laws as businesses grow. Measure 91 is creating a regulated industry alongside the current medical program and business owners and consumers should keep a vigilant eye on making sure the regulations are sustainable. The Joint Committee of Implementing Measure 91 was formed to oversee the regulation process. The committee is made up of both Oregon House and Senate members. When a piece of cannabis

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WRITER LINDSEY RINEHART

industry legislation is heard in a committee, it is sent to this subcommittee, which holds public hearings on the regulations. Each committee member and his or her contact information are listed online:

www.oregon.gov/olcc/cannabis . Recently, the Oregon Liquor Control Commission made 19 pages of recommendations to the committee, which included 52 total suggestions. Here are some of the highlights:


ZONING RESTRICTIONS: In what may be some of the most anticipated suggestions, the OLCC suggested cannabis facilities not be placed within 1,000 ft of a school. The suggestion that will get even more attention, however, is that school is finally outlined from a state agency, and defined as a “k12 establishment with mandatory attendance requirements.”

LAB TESTING: The recommendations had a strong focus on testing of cannabis and cannabis products. The recommendation was made to include a process to license testing laboratories, which would include certification testing to set an industry standard for mold, mildew and pesticides.

PROCESSOR PERMITS AND LICENSES: tThere are numerous references to developing licenses and permits for people who handle or serve cannabis. A recommendation has been made to create a “server permit”, as well as “processor licenses” for “packaging, concentrates, and manufactured products”. Another suggestion would include background checks and fingerprinting for these types of workers.

Cannabis LOUNGES AND BARS: The recommendations address public consumption, citing the need for clarification on whether or not facilities should be licensed (as long as they are not serving or selling cannabis) as a private club, or how they could be banned if they weren’t licensed. The suggestion is being made for a “licensing or authority for cannabis lounges/ bars.”

SEED-TO-SALE TRACKING: A system to monitor legal cannabis from growth to purchase is suggested to comply with federal guidelines attempting to prevent the diversion of legal cannabis to the black market.

HOW YOU CAN HELP

Attempts to define “cannabis,” “leafs,” “extracts,” “cannabis products,” “immature plants,” and “concentrates” are important legal distinctions. In one suggestion, solventless extracts would be added to the definition of cannabis products. In another, products like vegetable glycerin tinctures would be added into the definition of extracts, even though it’s done with a non-toxic substance. This allows the OLCC to regulate these products as well.

Interestingly, due to a need for language clarification, the OLCC challenges the committee by asking if it would like to legalize delivery of cannabis. The OLCC also took a responsible stance in saying they have a place on the commission for a member of the alcohol industry, and that if they are going to regulate cannabis then they should also have a member of the cannabis industry on the commission as well.

You can track the progress of all bills, meeting agendas, and more by searching the context of the bills for the word “cannabis” at https://olis.leg.state.or.us. To contact the representatives on the committees or your personal representatives go to www. oregonlegislature.gov. Many bills reflect language found in the OLCC Suggestions. To read those you can visit

www.oregon.gov/olcc/cannabis. We genuinely encourage you to submit your testimony whenever appropriate to help develop a viable program! dopemagazine.com ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE

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A very sweet and slightly syrupy taste on the lips. There was a minty tingling in the back of my throat after I took a rip off my bong. It hits the lungs hard and finishes smooth. The tropical flavors were bright and tasty.

Spicy with strong tones of lemon and pine. My breath tasted like spearmint gum after I exhaled. It was sweet on my lips and tongue without any chemical aftertaste.

The oil is sticky and gooey in nature. It looks like fresh raw honey in its mini glass container. Sitting in fat globs, it tares apart like tree sap. Keep the oil at room temperature for easy dab snagging.

GENETICS Sweet & Sour White Widow is a legendary indica-dominant hybrid (70/30) known to produce high levels of CBD. The THC/ CBD ratio is known to be 1/1 and usually leans towards a higher percentage of CBD. The Sweet and Sour genetics are known to have sativa properties, where the user feels a pleasurable head buzz and relaxing effects to the body and spirit. The White Widow portion is a balanced hybrid that provides a surge of euphoria and vigor. It is known to drive conversation and creative energy.

THC 30.05% CBD 54.53% CBG.53% • TESTED AT • Trim material was from “CBD Crew”

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MRX LABS

WRITER K.C. SWAIN

SMELL It had a very sugary fragrance. On my second inhale, I got a fruity sour whiff as I imagined the resin coated trimmings used to make such a morsel. The smoke was light and earthy as it lingered like a welcome friend on 4:20.

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WORLD NEWS WRITER R.Z. HUGHES

USA

CALIFORNIA OHIO ALBANIA ILLINOIS

Senators Propose Federal Medical Cannabis Bill bill has been introduced to the U.S. Senate that calls for reclassification of cannabis as a schedule-I drug. The CARERS Act allows states to opt out of the Controlled Substances Act and treat cannabis as a medicinal herb. This will allow for more research, more available CBDs, and access to federal banking. This may be the biggest step so far towards legalization that we’ve seen come out of Washington D.C., one can only hope it passes and is implemented as soon as possible.

member of Albanian Parliament has called for a nationwide campaign for cannabis legalization. Koço Kokedhima of the Socialist Party has not officially filed any proposals with the government but has been pushing the issue through his daily newspaper. Albania has a long tradition of growing cannabis and supplying to to the rest of Europe. Last year Albanian police destroyed two of the largest plantations in Europe, effectively ruining the livelihoods of a couple rural villages. Instead of illegally exporting their potent pot to western Europe, the idea is to regulate it like pharmaceuticals and raise revenue for their country by ending prohibition.

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Law Professor Teaching CannaCourse hio State professor Douglas Berman is teaching a new class entitled “Cannabis Law, Policy, and Reform”. While to others it may seem like a laughing matter or a class that would attract less-than-ambitious students, Berman’s goal is to change perceptions and start a conversation on the constantly changing state and federal laws concerning cannabis. It is an interesting case study where state and federal laws are often at odds bringing in such economic factors as banking, criminal justice, and taxation, teaching about major reform in real time.

Tainted Guacamole olice in Chicago recently found more than 2,100 pounds of weed hidden inside frozen avocado pulp. The cops were notified after the suspicious delivery of pulp had instructions that an urgent pick up was imperative. I mean, come on. Who needs over a ton of frozen pulp overnighted with such explicit directions for immediate pick up? One thing is clear, Frozavo, the purveyors of the frozen avocado in question should stick to their creamy fruit and leave the sticky-icky to the pros.

Pot’s Plane Ticket to Hollywood

BC has picked up a dispensary based show, Buds, for the upcoming 2016 season. Produced by Adam Scott, of Parks & Recreation, the show will center around a legal cannabis shop in Denver and the daily goings on of the cannabis industry. The writer also worked with Parks & Rec so look for a witty, situational comedy that wont settle for the obvious weed puns. As cannabis is becomes mainstream with shows like Weeds and Weed Wars, a prime-time network sitcom will only help cement its status even more as part of the cultural norm.

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HEALTH

COPING WITH CHRONIC ILLNESS

HabitRPG: A Fun Tool for the Persevering Patient

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WRITER JOHNNY HALFHAND


F KEEPING up with all one’s responsibilities is like treading water, keeping up with responsibilities with chronic illness is like treading water with pockets full of rocks. It gets exhausting. Some days we wake up horrified that the whole ordeal needs to be repeated and motivation can be hard to come by. Living in chronic pain, beyond the scope of medical intervention, is frustrating. Annoying. Overwhelming. It feels like navigating a hurricane, and sometimes just getting up and out the front door is like moving mountains. People often look at us disabled folks and see us as inspiration for merely getting up. But what is really the greatest virtue of the ill is perseverance - creative perseverance that looks for novel ways to make getting up and at ‘em every day just a little bit easier, maybe even more enjoyable. My favorite tool to help me stay on top of things is a simple little game called HabitRPG. Designed like a retro 8-bit role-playing game, HabitRPG is designed to “gamify your life,” allowing you to choose habits to develop, daily activities to master, and even ways to track to-do list items. Completing these tasks gives you experience points, allowing you to level up and gain new abilities; missing dailies will cause you to lose some hit points, and you earn gold with each successful task, daily, and quest. Old to-do items will grow red with time, showing you what you’re avoiding. Your successful habits will turn green and blue

as you complete them more regularly. It is a very aesthetic, understated experience with great potential to show an honest picture how a person is progressing towards their goals. This fantastic little game hints at something deep; our daily activities aren’t really a menial mess to keep up with, but a majestic quest which needs proper motivation, incentives , and organization to keep going strong. This epic avatar reflects the enormous celerity modern living demands of us. Your cascading pile of small victories allowing the purchase of gear to fit out your wee avatar with weapons, armor, robes, party hats, a variety of pets and mounts ranging from wolves and foxes and even bright pink flying pigs. The degree of customization is impressive once level 10 is reached. These little micro-rewards keep you coming back, keeping you loyal to your priorities. You also have the option to set your own gold rewards. Don’t want to adventure through this world alone? Form parties with your friends to go on quests, fighting monsters together by staying on top of your good habits. It is a great way to stay accountable to your friends or family and you can also join guilds, socialize in the tavern, and compete in challenges with other people seeking to work on the same things as you.

WWW.HABITRPG.COM

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ROAD TRIP

ICHIGAN

has been legal for good medicine since the “Michigan Medical Marihuana Program (MMMP) was voted into effect by the people on November 4, 2008. The program is run under the supervision of the Bureau of Health Care Services within the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. In the spring of 2014 the program added “Post Traumatic Stress Disorder” (PTSD) to its list of ailments, that include cancer, glaucoma, HIV, AIDS, hepatitis C, ALS, Alzheimer’s disease, and a list of debilitating ailments, such as wasteaway, chronic pain, nausea, etc. It wasn’t until fairly recently, though, that the City of Lansing established its own ordinances on medical Cannabis, via a city-wide vote on its November 5, 2013 ballot. The initiative legalized small amounts of cannabis within city limits, while disallowing a recreational sale, making Lansing a fairly tolerant city. Steve Green is the Cannabis Columnist for “City Pulse Newspaper”

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of Lansing, Michigan. An activist for the plant, Steve has testified before the Michigan House of Representatives and its State Senate on good medicine. He’s personally been in the front lines in the failed War on Drugs, with his own baby taken for six weeks by Child Protective Services (CPS). Thankfully, the child was returned with all charges dropped.

WRITER & PHOTOS SHARON LETTS

Green is serious about good medicine, but he also knows how to have a little fun, posing questions surrounding 420 fun via social media to his readers for column fodder and the occasional comic relief from the madness.

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8THDAYCREATE .COM

420 In The Great Lakes State

Green spends his days walking the talk with court support; gearing up for full legalization in 2016 with a “People’s Initiative;” and following two bills for “nonsmokable” products and “provisioning centers” (dispensaries); while educating Lansing readers in the process. “Through education and collaboration the hard-working advocates will shed enough light on this subject, that the tides with turn,” Green shared. “We are standing in the moment. This period of time in American history will be written about forever.”

GRAPHICS

LANSING


4:20 4:20

4:20

4:20

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4:20

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4:20 Los Angeles

New York

London

Paris

Berlin

Moscow

Beijing

Tokyo

Sydney

IT’S 420 SOMEWHERE! ROUND the country 420 is a common

denominator when it comes to partaking of the world’s most beloved and illicit herb, and Michigan is no different, although one Lansing man wasn’t quite sure what to make of it. That said, he also thought a “Kardashian” was something you could get a vaccine for. Dude, keep your bowl full and you’ll be alright. How the people choose to partake is a personal choice, with favorites becoming a yearly tradition where the people’s pot holiday is concerned. It can also be a challenge to celebrate the occasion in a public way. It’s against the law to light up on the streets of Michigan, but the people have a way of prevailing when it comes to the plant.

One woman said each year prior to 420 she cleans every piece in the house, and then packs each one, stating it’s an exhausting process! Another does the same, lighting each one up, “gauntlet style” with guests. Medicated waffles are one woman’s traditional fare for the occasion – forgoing the historic pot brownie of the past, but medibles have become the centerpiece of many 420 events. Spencer Wilson of Battle Creek owns “Medie Edie” a gourmet infused baking company supplying Detroit and Lansing dispensaries with goodness. “We are very experienced bakers and have an entire line of fancy cakes – think, ‘Cake Boss,’ he laughed. “We have many patients we bake for, and also do non-medicated cakes and baked goods for special events.”

Sadly, his own town of Battle Creek (birthplace and home of Kellogg’s cereal) closed down its dispensaries a few years ago. Ironic, as Kellogg began as a health spa, of sorts, and its “health food,” the corn flakes that made history, are now laden with GMOs. “It’s doubly ironic our town is named ‘Battle Creek’ because we are battling Kellogg and its use of GMOs,” he shared. “Patients who use cannabis are educated on GMOs and holistic living. We use almond milk rather than dairy, and our cake balls, hard candies and fudge are gluten-free. Everything is vegan and organic and we use blue agave rather than corn syrup.” Wilson said he’ll be filling orders this week for 420 next month, as it’s his busiest time of year. “I like to use 420 as a time to reflect on the year, as if it’s my New Year. I’ll roll a couple of hand-rolled cones and enjoy them with my fellow canna comrades!”

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BURNING INGENUITY

When it comes to burning the herb humans are the most ingenious species in the proverbial tool shed. They can “MacGuyver” the most unlikely of items into smoking devices in no time, and find the most ingenious places to use them. Paper toilet rolls are a classic all-time favorite, adding a piece of tin foil over a small hole, the open ends becoming a carburetor, of sorts. A dryer sheet stuffed into the end of a cardboard toilet paper tube is also an excellent way to blow out a hit and mask the scent. Airplane bathrooms are popular for vaping, but one man following George Carlin’s instructions blew smoke down the suction sink, commenting “I became more paranoid with each hit that they were standing outside the bathroom door, waiting to bust me.” Aluminum cans make a good pipe with a builtin screen when tiny holes are poked in one spot , but easy does it on the aluminum intake as it’s said to cause Alzheimer’s and other neurologically based ailments, and it will break down. Plastic bottles are to be equally avoided. Although they are easy to convert into a bong, the plastic degrades in the very water the bottle held, so probably not such a good idea to heat it up and put that into your lungs. From the garden, the apple is a great natural standby. Simply carve a hole through it, add a piece of tin-foil or better a screen, and viola, you have an instant flavorful pipe with the bonus of a slightly medicated snack afterward. Other fruits worth mentioning are mini pumpkins and bananas with the peel on. In high school one inventive young man created what’s referred to as a “Ray Gun” when he stole a “Graham Condenser,” a steam roller that filled a big tube up when pulling the slide, rolling the vapor into his lungs. Way to use your scientific education, man.

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420 IN MY MIND

Gathering together, whether in public with thousands or in a small group of friends, partaking together of the herb is tribal. Native Americans used a “Calumet,” identified as “Peace Pipes.” Smoking tobacco and other herbs (fill in the blank) was seen as a diplomatic event surrounding war, peace, commerce, trade, and social and political decision-making. Smoking in a circle was seen as a universal sign of solidarity. In Michigan, Green said its “People’s

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Initiative” to fully legalize Cannabis in the state may be their saving grace, stating “As an epilepsy patient who ingests the oil as prevention against life threatening seizures, I feel this plant should not be restricted to only the ill. Everyone should be able to enjoy this miraculous and beneficial plant.” One day our smoking circles may celebrate the day and date our nation legalized and freed this herb. Until then, the way we celebrate and love the herb is evident, with wellness shared with each pass on April 20, at 4:20 p.m. somewhere.


Stay Classy.

PROFESSIONAL DESIGN FOR THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY WEBSITES, BRANDING, PACKAGING, AND MORE WWW.NELLYWHITE.COM/GREEN


PROFILE

WOMEN GROW! National Organization Sows Seeds for Success

WRITER & PHOTOS SHARON LETTS

We are Women, Hear us Roar HE HISTORY of the fight for human rights in America has never been lost on its women. From the moment a mother swears protection over her infant she is a warrior for justice for that child, her loved ones, her home and her community. Education is key to empowerment in any culture, and according to Unicef (www.unicef.org), an international organization supporting the world’s children in advocacy, giving a girl an education empowers an entire community, as their options grow and their children are given more opportunities. It’s a positive trickle-down process enabling choice – a basic human right. Traditionally, women’s protests come from personal struggles at home. Women both began and ended the prohibition of alcohol, seeing both the hazards of the drink and the horrors of the black market that followed. The Suffragettes in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries starved themselves for the vote that would make them equal to men – at least in the voting box. In the mid-1800s Sarah Bagley lead a movement within the garment industry of Lowell, Massachusetts, to improve pay and working conditions for women. She and her co-workers led the fight for the first union for women, by women, with the “Lowell Female Labor Reform Association” (LFLRA), changing the way women were treated within the industry for the better. She was also the first woman to utilize radio to get her message out, something only the boys were privy to prior, opening the door for women in media.

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The for-profit female empowering group, Women Grow, was launched by savvy business women Jane West and Jazmin Hupp in the midst of Denver’s own growth spurt. When the two welcomed sixteen industry leaders to their table in Colorado, each contributed $3,000 toward the start-up. Past professional work for Hupp included organizing large-scale events for non-profits, such as UNICEF and GE Medical, who announced the endeavor with Hupp in attendance during the National Industry Association’s conference in Denver June, 2014. Hupp, who had launched six businesses prior and offered a decade of knowledge in branding and communication knowledge, had already been working with a similar women’s group in California (Women 2.0), helping the organization grow from its home in the Bay Area to events in six countries for 100,000 entrepreneurs. “The second I met Jazmin I knew it was meant to be,” West explained. “She is exactly the sharp, driven talent that we needed for developing the backbone of the organization.” Part of the mission of Women Grow

is to “… connect, educate and empower the Cannabis industry leaders by creating community and events for aspiring and current business executives.” A simple enough statement that could be shared by many – but the heart of the organization lies in good, oldfashioned female nurturing, with its mission clearly defined, “We want to create a supportive environment for women to lead America’s fastest growing industry.” The support is evident, with the organization quickly adding chapters with leaders holding networking events monthly in more than twenty cities and fifteen states across the country. Chapters in newly deregulated Jamaica, Canada, and France are expected, with organizers expecting fifty states on board by the year’s end. Perks for members include monthly networking meetings, workshops, retreats, a newsletter, and an impressive speaker’s panel ready to educate the masses. “We’ve grown so fast, it’s inspiring,” West added. “Women will become the dominant Cannabis consumers and we want to ensure that their interests are being met on both the business and the consumer side.”


The Female Factor The Cannabis industry has been seemingly male dominated for decades, though behind every great farmer there’s no doubt been a woman in the kitchen whipping up good medicine, healing everyone around her in the process. With 61 percent of moms in the U.S. working (U.S. Bureau of Labor2012), it’s safe to say, women are busier than ever and the Cannabis industry reflects their due diligence. Women are natural organizers. From the moment their kids hit elementary school they multi-task myriad appointments, commitments and make things happen, while keeping everyone fed and happy. Julie Dooley is a founding member of Women Grow and President and creator of Denver based “Julie’s Natural Edibles,” a large-

scale, infused, gluten-free baked-goods company that distributes to dozens of retail outlets throughout the State of Colorado. She said she’s worked with many women since founding the company in 2009.“Working together comes easily to women,” she said. “We do not worry about stealing proprietary information – rather, we share and collaborate to protect each other. Working together has proven to be invaluable for me and for my company.” Dooley feels the future of the industry is directly linked to the future of women in the industry, as they create sound legislation, best practices standards, and nurturing work environments that she said will ultimately create a solid foundation to endure the inevitable evolution of the industry in years to come.

Washington State’s Women of Weed The empowerment of women in the industry is evident in Washington State in spite of itself. With good medicine struggling to hold its own under the supervision of the Federal oversight of the Washington State Liquor Control Board, its medicine makers tenaciously carry on, as witnessed within its now infamous Cannabis Farmers Markets that have become a place of education and healing. Women in their 50s and 60s sit before tables of salve, tincture, and oils while offering up a decade’s worth of healing advice, declaring, “Honey, we’ve been doing this for decades,” with even the most arduous recreational users enlightened to the plant’s healing properties. This is what happens when legalization hits a state and its medicine makers feel comfortable to share. Alison Draison is founder of Ettalew’s, an edible maker in Seattle proper that

distributes to dozens of safe access points throughout the state. Draison is active in the women’s movement within the state, attending Women of Weed, Washington Women’s NORML Alliance, MJBA Women’s Alliance (Cannabis Jobs Business Alliance), and now, Women Grow. Business practices, as well as farming have been the focus within the initial Women Grow meetings in Washington, and Draison says she feels there just isn’t enough time at each meeting to cover all the information that needs to be shared. “We’ve had a great turnout of both men and women at our meetings,” Draison declared, “but I believe it’s the power of women moving Cannabis forward socially, environmentally, legislatively and financially. I’ve been around for ten-plus years and have seen changes occur as more women are willing to take risk in the changing climate of Cannabis.”

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Alaska’s Women Grow Inspired by Colorado and Washington’s win, the State of Alaska went ahead and legalized before medical cannabis was in place, leaving ordinances up in the air for debate. Kim Kole became Women Grow Alaska’s first Chapter Chair, with its inaugural meeting held on November 6, just two days after the win. “Most people aren’t quite ready to commit to what they’re going to do – it really depends on what regulations are adopted,” she said. “We’ve had between 20 to 25 members at each meeting, but we are expecting to grow

in numbers as the regulations are written and business plans progress.” While Alaska’s ducks are still being put in a row, Kole said her personal goal has been to prepare and educate potential CEOs of future cannabis businesses. Thus far meetings have hosted speakers representing the Coalition of Responsible Cannabis Legislation; a start-up compliance attorney; a cultivation specialist, consultant; and a member of the Anchorage Assembly, Cannabis Committee. Future speakers include

a tax attorney, a nurse practitioner to discuss the Endocannabinoid System; a security company, and an insurance representative. “It’s important for people to go into this business with their eyes wide open, because this industry carries a greater risk than any other small business venture,” she added.”

Stepping out of the Emerald Closet Humboldt County is part of the vast growing region in Northern California that includes Trinity and Mendocino counties in what is known as “The Emerald Triangle.” The region has been historically covert with its cash crop for decades. The women who filed into Northcoast Hydroponics in McKinleyville in Northern Humboldt for the first Women Grow Humboldt meeting did so with bravery few exhibit in these parts. The Women leading the group have deep roots in the culture of the region, and are well versed in the plant. There will be no growing workshops for this chapter. Their main concern is for the safety of their families, the environment, and finding a legitimate place in the business world, if and when legalization finally happens in California. Women Grow member and co-founder of California Cannabis Voice Humboldt (CCVH), Women’s Alliance, Chrystal Ortiz, has seen decades of strife within the covert industry in Northern California, comparing its conflict with the Federal Government as an all-out war. CCVH is an organization created in an effort to bring the region’s Cannabis community together in the continued battle. The group has an emphasis on environmental issues plaguing the region by large scale corporate interests, while teaching others to be good stewards of the land. “NORML says women are six to ten percent less likely to support legalization than men,

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but those numbers don’t reflect Humboldt County,” she informed. “We have lost our children, our spouses, family members and friends to this civil war. In a country founded on constitutional rights and freedoms, when it comes to cannabis, we have had none. The punishment has not fit the crime.”

was derailed when I shattered two vertebrae that caused my spine to collapse on itself and fry my spinal cord.”

Ortiz feels women bring creativity and collaboration to the landscape, stating, “When women wake, mountains move – and it’s time to move the mountains. Women are poised to be the deciding vote in legalization. We control the majority of household spending, including non-pharmaceutical healthcare and wellness alternatives, like yoga and other forms of prevention. Women are the biggest purchasers of organic food, supporting small farmers. We are also more likely to be diagnosed with a chronic illness.”

“When Prop. 19 was on the ballot for legalization in California we had a few meetings up here to discuss,” Lelehnia shared. “We were told that Humboldt was the “Napa” of cannabis. It was a conversation I had been having for years and now it was here.”

Lelehnia Du Bois is President and co-founder CCHV Women’s Alliance. Du Bois was born and raised in Southern Humboldt, the place where some say it all began in 1969 when “Back to the Landers” headed north from San Francisco after the “Summer of Love,” historically hybridizing America’s finest. “For a long time I was embarrassed from where I came from,” she admitted to the group of women from the podium. “As a young adult, I chose to live in Southern California and distanced myself from Humboldt. When my mom became ill and passed away I returned home to care for my siblings, promising myself to leave when they were grown. Then my life

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

Cannabis became DuBois’ medicine and the very thing she was ashamed of became her saving grace, keeping her from being seriously disabled. Needless to say, she stayed put.

Though Proposition 19 failed, the fire was lit with networking and organizing at the forefront. Women Grow member and CCVH Chapter co-organizer Terra Carver said, “It was at that moment I drank the green kool-aide.” As leaders from other mainstream organizations came together to unify they mapped out what legalization and the business of cannabis could look like for Humboldt County. “We women of cannabis are on the front line of this drug war,” Lelehnia said. “It’s time for us to unite our families, our loggers, our politicians. We are the women of cannabis, we are strong and we are survivors. It’s time for us to lead the way in the industry our families before us created.”


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Cannabis Companies Vying for Brand Recognition

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ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com


BUSINESS

HE WIDE WORLD of weed is

known for the multitude of strains that continually spawn and are bred into countless new varieties. As anyone who has visited a medical dispensary or recreational shop knows, there is a rotating variety of products with new ones popping up seemingly everyday. The big question that still looms over the nascent cannabis industry is what will take over as America’s brand of choice, the household names, once weed is legal across the nation? As cannabis still cannot cross state lines, even between states that have both legalized it, for now companies are generally very local. All products must be made in state, from seed to sale, so the idea of a multi-state business is not yet viable. Dixie Elixirs, one of the most successful cannabis companies in Colorado offering over 100 different edibles, is hoping to become one of the first companies to cross state lines by licensing their brand and recipes. This would allow them to maintain product consistency and to expand their market share, both of which are key for any national brand.

WRITER R.Z. HUGHES

GRAPHICS 8THDAYCREATE .COM

Celebrities and well-heeled investors have begun to come out of the woodwork bringing new opportunities. The SEC recently allowed California based grow equipment company Terra Tech Corp., who have plans to start a grow and a dispensary, to register in the stock exchange. The SEC made another step in the right direction in December when they decided they would not enforce federal laws pertaining to investment in cannabusiness. Co-founder of PayPal, Peter Thiel, immediately jumped on board with a $75 million investment to the Seattle-based company that owns Leafly, as well as an investment in the highly anticipated Marley Natural line of pre-rolled joints. With that hefty hunk of cash and the blessings of Bob’s relatives, the Marley Natural brand is sure to be a standout before it even hits the shelves. Many celebrities are looking to cash in on the inevitable green rush. Melissa Etheridge

makes a weed-infused wine, B-Real of Cypress Hill owns a dispensary, Snoop Dogg has his own vape pen, and Tommy Chong has his hands in a wide assortment of cannabis-related ventures. The exposure and instant name recognition that these products are receiving because of the face they are attached to is no doubt good for business, but is that enough? Most of today’s larger players in the industry started at the bottom, growing in their basements, or opening businesses years ago when medical MaryJane was first becoming accepted. Of course, with a market as promising as the cannabis industry there will be lots of money exchanged and even larger sums invested, and many will get quite wealthy off of it. However, a strong majority of these successful business owners started as grassroots cooperatives and helped to bring cannabis out of the closet and into the mainstream with smart policy reform and advocacy. Only recently have big names started to attach themselves to a once-taboo product, as there is now very little risk of federal prosecution. Without years of handson experience dealing directly with the plant it seems hard to believe that any newcomers with money could be successful, but then again who wouldn’t want weed grown by a rapper who rhymes about nothing else, or joints from a company bearing the name of a legend with investment from one of the most successful venture capitalists in the world? They would have to be the best, right? One thing is certain: with the popularity of cannabis and the many ways to consume it, there will never be a monopoly on any aspect of legal cannabis. No single brand could ever control the whole market with so much room for healthy competition. The time is now for enterprising souls to hit the drawing board with ideas for brand development and expansion. Nothing is set in stone, and with so many people dreaming of being cannabis’s Bill Gates, it will be exciting to see what brands can set themselves apart as consistent, high quality, and trusted in years to come.

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CLOSET

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

WRITER LINDSEY RINEHART

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O YOUR friends and family know you use

cannabis? Your neighbors? What about your kids, do they know? How about your boss at that nine-to-five? Why or why don’t they know about your cannabis use? The secrets we keep often tell the most about us, but why should cannabis use have to be a secret? The answer to that question of course, is the longstanding demonization of a non-toxic plant. The War on Drugs, D.A.R.E, Project SAM and many other anti-cannabis propaganda machines have long fueled ignorance regarding the actual pharmacological, psychological and societal effects of cannabis use. There are now four states with legal cannabis, plus Washington D.C., and 23 states with medical cannabis. At press time, at least thirteen more states are in the process passing some form of medical cannabis legislation. To further the excitement, national momentum has picked up and the first bi-partisan medical cannabis legislation of its kind, S.B. 683, or the Compassionate Access, Research Expansion and Respect States (CARERS) Act, was introduced on the federal level. The CARERS Act could effectively change the federal government’s stance on cannabis, reclassifying it from a Schedule I to a Schedule II controlled substance, opening the doors for medical research. It would also completely deschedule the compound cannabidiol (CBD), which has no psychotropic effect and is useful in the treatment of many illnesses, including epilepsy and inflammatory disorders. It amends federal law to restrict interference with states that have legalized medical and adult use cannabis. The bill would also simultaneously remove banking restrictions for the cannabis industry, freeing up the market for business owners whose growth has been impeded by the law. Cannabis has made significant bounds into the mainstream in the last few years. Now it’s up to advocates to change public perception of cannabis

users by coming out of the cannabis closet. When more people come out, those who still create the stigma are able to see the average cannabis user beyond social stereotypes. Put a responsible face on your cannabis use, especially if you have one people don’t expect to see. When you come out of the closet, make sure to present a reason for your use. Perhaps cannabis is your medicine or perhaps it’s just a safer recreational alternative to alcohol for you, or maybe your reason is spiritual or emotional. Whatever your reason, it’s time to come out. Testifying against a bill that would have legalized medical cannabis in Utah, DEA Agent Matt Fairbanks skipped the “What about the children?” argument and instead traded it in for a “What about the bunnies?” argument, needlessly arguing that the local wildlife would become high from the plants if they were grown outdoors. These sorts of fear mongering statements are humorous for two reasons. The DEA should know that raw cannabis doesn’t produce a “high”, and most living creatures have endocannabinoid systems, making them crave raw cannabis in their diets. By skipping the argument about the keeping the children safe, the DEA must have come to the understanding that good parenting and communication with one’s children about cannabis is the best way to keep kids safe. Whenever regular responsible cannabis users come out into the open, legitimacy is added to our movement, showing people that cannabis users are good people too. It shows that reality is not what the 1950s propaganda said about cannabis users being crazy, unmotivated people who don’t care about their surroundings and their loved ones. If employers realized that many cannabis users are highly intelligent people who chose a safer way to relax, they may stop ostracizing members of our community from the work force with needless urine tests. A light is on the horizon though, as Washington D.C. just banned pre-employment drug screens for cannabis now that it’s legal there, a practice we hope Oregon and other states follow.

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POTENCY Not Just a Number, Part II

AST MONTH, we focused on one

of the two major issues surrounding potency values. We began the two-part series with the nature of how potency can vary greatly within a single plant. In this issue, let’s cover the second portion; how potency, in relation to the medicine’s efficacy, is not just about the sum of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). It is our hope that as the industry grows, the value of the cannabis plant will develop and become more than just a THC number. One of the reasons cannabis use crosses cultural and demographic boundaries is due to its diverse applications. Not only is it used for pain management and illness, it is also used to alleviate symptoms caused by stress. Within the scope of the western herbalist classification system, cannabis is an ‘adaptogen’, which is a substance that aids the body in adapting to stress. Stress causes a cascade of effects manifesting in many ways, both psychologically and physically. With over 90 cannabinoids and 120 terpenes, cannabis has multiple mechanisms for managing various stress responses (see figure 1). Thus, the pharmacology of cannabis is complicated and user-dependent. THC gets attention for good reason. It is, after all, the most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis (with the exception of CBD dominant strains). However, there are two points to keep in mind when evaluating THC concentration: 1) more is

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not always better 2) the effects of THC are modulated and affected by other compounds in cannabis. Its efficacy is dependent upon a synergistic smorgasbord of constituents including but certainly not limited to THC. Pharmacopically speaking, THC is a biphasic compound. This means that there is a Goldilocks range for actual alleviation/healing. If one consumes too little the symptoms may persist; If one consumes too much, the original symptoms can be aggravated. With too high a dose of pure THC, some users experience psychosis, or can experience increased anxiety, rather than anxiety reduction. This biphasic nature of isolated THC may also be an indication of its synergistic chemistry with other phytocannabinoids. THC has psychotropic effects due to its interaction with the CB1 receptor in the brain. However, THC is not the only component in cannabis that interacts with the CB1 receptor. A few cannabinoids exhibit partial agonistic or antagonistic effects on this famed receptor. CBD for example, antagonizes the CB1 receptor, thus reducing anxiety, tachycardia, hunger and sedation. Cannabinol (CBN) also acts as a weak CB1 agonist, and therefore may contribute to the restorative effects of cannabis in conjunction with THC. THC also has other non-psychoactive effects, such as pain relief. This effect is partially a result of its interaction with CB2 receptors throughout the body. Other cannabinoids and even non-cannabinoid compounds can interact

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

WRITER & GRAPHICS GREEN LEAF LABS

with CB2 receptors. One known terpene, b-caryophyllene, interacts directly with the CB2 receptor, again in conjunction with THC! Language shapes our understanding of the world and interchangeably using the terms THC and potency is misguided. THC is just one ingredient in a pie, and undoubtedly if cannabis were an apple pie, THC is probably the sweet filling – however it is lost and limp without that flaky crust and joyful spices.


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WRITER

E WENT behind the scenes to Sticks & Stones workshop to see this month’s featured product come to life. A local handcrafted wood accessories company based in Portland, Ben the coowner and creator started making custom pieces on his back porch before they officially opened in 2009.

watch, and much like watching a master guitarist there was a certain flow and composition to his creative flow. To Ben it’s all about the feel and getting your hands dirty, and to this day every product touches Ben’s hands before it leaves the workshop.

We then jumped into the later stages of creating a custom ring. Ben showed me a chunk of died bone that looked nothing like a ring, so there was work to be done. His motto for working the pieces came from his dad who would say, “If it don’t fit, don’t force it, it will break.” This is a solid rule of thumb for jewelry, and for life. Watching my new friend go to work on the sanders was magical. His artful craftsmanship was exhilarating to Flagship Store PORTLAND: 427 NW 6th Ave Portland, OR 97209 SEATTLE: 5402 22nd Ave NW Seattle, WA 98107

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ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

K.C. SWAIN

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We took pictures admiring the glow, and hours flew by with safety meetings, loud tunes, working on the ring and talking. A strong sense of family and community is evident, and the whole process gave me a fresher perspective of what handmade is, and where it’s going. Repurposed natural materials is the focus as a small band of highly talented local people take their time to create great products. The base of the ring is made from a pressed maple wood, the sides are blue dyed bone and the top is crushed abalone. The top was curved, marking the first time Ben has done that to any material. The abalone’s golden flakes flicker and pop against the blue background. Outside the sunbeams hit the newly smoothed edges of the ring and it shimmered brilliantly, and the perfect ring for the upcoming summer was born.


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HE CLIMATE of the Pacific Northwest is warming quickly, with spring evident in the flora and fauna. The external shift in seasons triggers an internal shift in the body, and the return of the light and warmth stimulate the nervous and endocrine systems. Metabolism is stimulated as bodies and minds depressed by lack of light rally once again to action. Spring is the season of the liver in the Chinese medical system, and many springtime health regimes include detoxification or cleansing therapies which focus on improving overall health and liver function. The liver is a workhorse of an organ having many vital and diverse functions. It creates and releases bile aiding in the digestion of dietary fats, and detoxifies and metabolizes chemicals and drugs. The liver receives all the blood coming from the stomach and the intestines, and breaks down the nutrients and chemicals into forms that are easier to process before passing them on to the rest of the body. Toxins are ultimately excreted by the organs of elimination which include the bowels, kidneys, urinary bladder and skin. Having so much to do, it is the strong and silent type, rarely complaining itself. Health issues involving the skin, joints, reproductive system, immune system, and digestive system, specifically the gallbladder, are some of the body’s first signals that liver function is compromised. People living with chronic and debilitating health conditions need to take special

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care when implementing detoxification, cleansing and other therapeutic treatment options. The process of detoxification takes physical and metabolic energy, the kind of energy an already debilitated system may not have. Simply put, if the body has issues with eating, sleeping, or eliminating waste, it is time to nutrify before you detoxify. Liver function plays a large role in cannabis metabolism. The form in which cannabis is used determines its impact on the body, its metabolism by the body, and its storage and excretion by the body. The route of administration also determines its bioavailability or how well it is able to be used by the body. The phytocannabinoids ∆9-THC/THCA, CBD/CBDA, CBN, CBG, and THCV are among the most researched cannabinoids. They are highly lipophilic, meaning they prefer to accumulate and to be stored in the fatty tissues of the body. Inhaled cannabis, smoked or vaporized, is characterized by a rapid rate of onset of effect. The inhaled substance entering the lungs immediately crosses into the blood stream and is distributed to the brain, liver, kidneys and other fatty tissues. Average peak ∆9-THC levels are reached in 3 – 8 minutes and the effects are felt for 2-4 hours. Bioavailability was found to be in the range of 10-27%. Metabolites can take over ten days to be cleared by the body. Ingested cannabis passes through the stomach and intestines and undergoes first pass

ISSUE 12 THE FOUR TWENTY ISSUE dopemagazine.com

WRITER DR. KIMBERLY FREE, ND

metabolism in the liver and in the special cells of the small intestine. Bioavailability is considered low as cannabinoids are degraded by the digestion process and metabolized into other forms. Here cannabinoids like ∆9-THC are metabolized into 11-OH-THC. This metabolite, 11-OH-THC, enhances the psychotropic and sedative effect of ∆9-THC and takes longer to be processed and cleared by the body. When eating cannabis preparations, the effects can take longer to feel, usually 45 minutes to two hours, and can last 6-8 hours. Suppositories or rectal administration of cannabis compounds has been researched and found to be one of the most effective means of administering cannabinoid compounds. The cannabinoids enter the blood stream without going through the first pass metabolism in the liver and small intestines. Bioavailability was found to be 65%. Effects take a longer time to feel than with inhaled forms of cannabis and are felt for a shorter duration than with ingested cannabis. Researchers have also found a similar level of bioavailability with the sub-lingual sprays for the same reason as the suppositories, where first pass metabolism is bypassed by direct absorption through the blood vessels under the tongue. The overall state of health of the body and function of the metabolic processes has a direct impact on how well phytocannabinoids are utilized. Organ function, and particularly liver health, is our body’s stored wealth. Nourish and protect it well.


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Profile for DOPE Magazine

DOPE MAGAZINE OREGON APRIL 2014 Issue 12 "The Four Twenty Issue"  

Featuring Julian Marley

DOPE MAGAZINE OREGON APRIL 2014 Issue 12 "The Four Twenty Issue"  

Featuring Julian Marley

Profile for dopemag