Page 1

Doing Business in India

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

Taj Mahal, Agra

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App

SUPPORTED BY:

SUPPORTED BY:


Download the app and get started

Is Is y your our b business usiness globally? expanding expanding globally? We We ccan an help help with with that that ( ([SORUHQHZPDUNHWVZLWKHDV\DFFHVVWRRƯFHVSDFHLQ [SORUHQHZPDUNHW VZLWKHDV\DFFHVVWRRƯFHVSDFHLQ 3,000 3,0 0 0 locations, locations, aacross cross 106 106 countries. countries. 24 24 h hours ours is is aallll iitt ttakes akes to new office easy up we to open open a n ew o f f ice overseas. overseas. IIt’s t’s e asy tto o sset et u p aand nd w e ccan an get get you you sstarted tar ted ttoday. oday.

96 96 locations locations across across IIndia ndia a and nd 3000 3000 w worldwide orldwide Call Call us us a and nd we’ll we’ll sh show ow y you ou h how ow +91-22-40260000 +91-22-40260000 regus.co.in regus.co.in


CONTENTS 9 India overview

11

Welcome from Lesley Batchelor OBE, FIEx (Grad) – Director General, Institute of Export & International Trade 13

Foreword from the British High Commissioner to India, Sir Dominic Asquith KCMG 15

Introduction from St.John Gould, Director – Trade, Economics and Prosperity, British High Commission, India 17

Introduction from Richard Heald, UK India Business Council CEO 18

Welcome message from Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, Confederation of Indian Industry 21 About the Department for International Trade (DIT) 25 About this Guide

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

3


33

Help available for you

27 Why India? 28 • Background • Benefits for UK businesses exporting to India • Growth potential in India 29 • Opportunities for UK businesses in India

33 Help available for you 35 • Department for International Trade (DIT) and partner contacts in India • Researching the Indian market 37 Getting here and advice about your stay 39 • Entry requirements for India 40 • Political rallies and demonstrations • Local laws and customs • Health

41 Business etiquette, language & culture 47 Travelling in India 49 • Travel advice for India • Safety and security 50 • Women travelling in India • Road travel • Sea travel • Rail travel • Local travel

57 Preparing to export to India 58 • Direct sales in India using local representation • Setting up a corporate or non-corporate entity in India 59 • Establishing a franchise in India • Merger or acquisition in India • Direct export to India • Online selling to India


CONTENTS 37

65 Sector-specific opportunities 68 • Industries importing into India 68 Indian Government flagship programmes • Make in India 69 • Ease of Doing Business 70 • Digital India • 100 Smart Cities 71 • Skill India

41

75 How to do business in India 76 • Getting finance to fulfil an export contract to India • Getting paid in India • Legal considerations of doing business in India 80 • Taxes & tariffs in India • India Goods and Services Tax (GST) 81 • Customs and documentation 87 • Shipping your goods to India

57

89 What are the challenges? 91 • Challenges and risks of doing business in India • Payment risks in India 65

75

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

89

5


CONTENTS 93

Resources 93 94

96

98

Resources

What does membership of the Institute of Export & International Trade mean?

Focusing on qualifications. Lesley Batchelor OBE, FIEx (Grad) - Director General, Institute of Export & International Trade

British High Commission New Delhi

102 105 110

Supporting organisations contact details

Market experts contact details Useful links

117

Trade shows

123

Quick Facts

121

Map of India

e

SUPPORTING ORGANISATIONS

b

s t

e

.

+

0

E

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

7


India overview India is a very large country made up of 29 different states and 7 union territories. The market varies widely across its many different regions and states, and it is a market which requires a lot of patience and a long-term strategy to be successful. There are several reasons to choose India as an export destination; India has a fast-growing economy with one of the world’s largest youth populations, expanding emerging cities, with more than 50 cities now over a million people, rising personal incomes are creating a new middle class consumer market and English is widely spoken.

India has opportunities in all sectors as it expands and develops. It is a price-sensitive market, but there is a natural fit between the UK and Indian economies. UK companies offer goods, technology, services and expertise in the areas that India has identified as critical for rapid economic development.

India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, and the UK is the third largest investor in India. It has a vibrant and expanding consumer market of over 1.2 billion people, and is destined to be the world's 3rd largest economy by 2030. This makes India an extremely attractive market with broad-ranging opportunities for UK exporters. If you are looking to expand your business abroad, exporting is often a logical place to start. MARKET EXPERTS

Thank you to our Market Experts www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

9


TR

L

ER

YEARS

OF IN T

ADE

RT

THE HE OVER

A

AT

& INTERNATIONAL TRADE

I N AT O N A

On course for success Choosing a great export training partner can really help your company take off in the export trade! We can help develop new ideas and find ways to drive down costs and produce sustainable improvements in your export business. • Membership supports all aspects of your international trade • Leading UK authority on trading globally • Tailored training to support your business needs • Expert solutions for international trade Exporting great ideas to you.

Join us today Call:

+44(0)1733 404 400 institute@export.org.uk

email:

www.export.org.uk


Welcome from Lesley Batchelor OBE, FIEx (Grad) – Director General, Institute of Export & International Trade The world's second largest country by population, India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. With rising personal incomes and a growing middle class consumer base, India can be a lucrative market for British exporters with the right products, services, and commitment. This Doing Business in India guide will help prepare UK businesses who are looking to trade with this dynamic market. India is a very large country with multiple climatic, religious and ethnic variations. These variations can influence preferences in tastes, colours, packaging, and styles, so what is successful in one part of the country may not be acceptable in another part. It is also important to compare local laws, government incentives, and the local infrastructure as these can also vary a lot from place to place. Don't forget to check the Indian import duty for your product to see if your export is viable. It’s likely to be a minimum of 35% once all additional taxes are included. You will also have a lot of paperwork to handle and you will typically need to complete 11 separate documents to export to India. All of this means that it is vital that you take the time to research this market thoroughly and in many cases, it will be crucial to find the right partner for your product or service, one who is familiar with the local market and can help you find customers, distribution channels and handle documentation. Owing to historical ties, British businesses will find that there are similar business and legal practices and English is the language of business but owing to the diverse nature of the country, business etiquette can vary from place to place so it is advisable to remain flexible in your approach and take your cues from your hosts. This is made easier by the fact that in business Indians place great value on personal relationships and you will be expected to take the time to develop contacts and relationships. India represents a key growth market for British businesses and the Institute of Export & International Trade can help guide you through the intricacies of doing business in this fascinating country through our education programmes, training and practical support, our helpline and one-to-one assistance with paperwork. Why not contact us and find out how you can join? Good luck.

Lesley Batchelor OBE, FIEx (Grad) Director General – Institute of Export & International Trade www.export.org.uk www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

11


Foreword from the British High Commissioner to India, Sir Dominic Asquith KCMG

India is one of the bright spots in the global economy. It is a country of 1.3 billion people growing at over 7% per annum and forecast to continue doing so for the foreseeable future.

Our trade and investment relationship is strong and getting stronger. Bilateral trade amounts to over £16 billion annually; the UK is the biggest G20 investor in India, employing 1 in 20 people in India’s formal sector; and India is the third largest investor in the UK. British companies agree that things are looking up – Prime Minister Narendra Modi is spearheading an ambitious programme of economic reforms which is designed to generate jobs and growth for an increasingly global India. One such programme is focussed specifically on enhancing India’s ranking in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index.

India is a large and diverse market. Whether your focus is on projects in infrastructure or energy, providing skills and training for the 1 million Indians who enter the workforce every month, or sharing technologies which underpin the dynamic evolution in manufacturing and services, India is a market which UK businesses would be hard-pressed to ignore. The team here is committed to working on the ground and through Ministerial and business dialogues, to ensure that UK businesses succeed in India. I hope you will choose to be one of our success stories.

Sir Dominic Asquith KCMG British High Commissioner to India www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-high-commission-new-delhi

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

13


The engine of choice for the power generation market Now manufactured in India, the Perkins® 4000 Series provides dependable power for over 50,000 installations worldwide and over 2,000 installations in India

With 85 years’ industry experience and manufacturing facilities in India, China, UK and the Americas, Perkins is your trusted engine partner

email: IPSD_India@perkins.com

www.perkins.com

Pictured: Perkins® 4000 Series engine built in Aurangabad, India


Introduction from St.John Gould, Director – Trade, Economics and Prosperity, British High Commission, India Making the move into any market, especially one as large and diverse as India, can feel daunting. However, there are many reasons to take comfort: English is the primary language of business here, the legal system is based on the British common law system, and we share a strong cultural understanding and people to people ties. Hundreds of UK companies have already chosen to establish a presence in India – the world’s fastest growing large economy, home to over 1.3 billion citizen-consumers.

The UK Government is serious about supporting UK businesses to flourish in India. Through dialogues such as the Economic and Financial Dialogue and the Joint Economic and Trade Committee, led by the Chancellor and the Secretary of State for Trade respectively, the UK Government is working to enhance bilateral trade and investment and improve the business environment on the ground for UK companies. It is no coincidence that upon assuming office, Prime Minister Theresa May chose India as the destination for her first trade delegation outside of the European Union.

The Department for International Trade (DIT) team in India is one of the UK’s largest overseas networks, spread across 9 locations covering the sub-continent. The team provides support for UK businesses across 17 high value campaigns and posts an average of almost 80 export opportunities every month. India is a market in which relationships matter. Working alongside our partners at the UK-India Business Council, the DIT team will enable you to make initial connections with decision makers and influencers – but you should be prepared to invest in these relationships and must have in mind a long-term partnership.

If you would like support in developing your business in India, please do not hesitate to contact us to discuss the support available.

St.John Gould Director – Trade, Economics and Prosperity, British High Commission, India www.gov.uk/world/organisations/department-for-international-trade-india

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

15


Introduction from Richard Heald, UK India Business Council CEO It was no coincidence that Theresa May’s first bilateral visit as prime minister was to India. As this visit last November reinforced, there are tremendous opportunities in India for UK businesses. The UK remains the largest G20 investor in India, and indeed, one in 20 Indians employed in the private sector works for a UK company, and the UK's exports continue to grow, and are growing while those of Germany, France and Italy decline. These facts and figures demonstrate the strength of the relationship and the strong business eco-system that the UK’s private sector has built in India, and a growing appetite for UK goods and services. There are a number of factors driving this growing opportunity. Firstly, the obvious one – the fast growth of the Indian economy. With a GDP expanding at 7.2%, India is the world’s fastest growing large economy. By 2030, it will be the third largest, behind only the USA and China. The Government of India is playing its role in this growth story. Prime Minister Narendra Modi's bold economic reforms such as the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax, demonetisation, and digitisation of the economy are reducing red tape and increasing investment. India's demographics are also compelling. With 600,000 of its 1.3 billion people under the age of 24, India has the biggest youth population in the world, and these young people are increasingly well educated, ambitious and affluent. As this youth demographic, and their parents and grandparents, enjoy increasing there is a change in their consumption behaviour, creating a greater demand for white goods, cars, mobile phones, leisure items, travel, education, healthcare, fashion and beauty items, and food and drink. In particular, there is a growing demand for Western brands in all these categories. Alongside this consumer market, there are a significant number of Indian businesses that want to buy British. Every week, we at the UKIBC find export opportunities – Indian companies wanting to source from the UK. There is no doubting that India is the UK’s key post-Brexit opportunity. India matters, with hundreds of millions of affluent people hungry for UK goods and services, and thousands of Indian businesses wanting to import from the UK. This guide is therefore important, and we at the UK India Business Council are delighted to collaborate on this publication and to be supporting so many UK SMEs to export to India.

Richard Heald UK India Business Council CEO www.ukibc.com www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

17


Welcome message from Mr Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, Confederation of Indian Industry

Firmly established on a high growth path, emerging India presents vast opportunities for global companies to tap into India’s rapid developmental journey. The Doing Business Guide to India comes as a timely and informative handbook to assist UK businesses in exploring commercial opportunities and collaborative partnerships in India.

The Indian economy is expected to remain one of the best performing large economies in the world, with a GDP growth rate of over 7 per cent for the next decade and more. Buoyed by a young and expanding workforce, the growth story is further shaped by a proactive and progressive economic reform agenda. Recent policy initiatives with transformational impact include the Goods and Services Tax, lowering of corporate tax rates for smaller companies, opening up the space for FDI across sectors, and a new national policy for Intellectual Property Rights, among others. In addition, the Indian Government has launched multiple sectoral initiatives designed to accelerate investments and drive growth. Make in India aims to energise the manufacturing sector and create new jobs, while Digital India and the Smart Cities programs reinforce India’s direction towards technology and urbanisation. The Ease of Doing Business endeavor is an intensive initiative to build a facilitative investment climate at the States.

Taken together, these programs create new platforms for investment and open up many new business avenues for domestic and foreign businesses. The Doing Business in India Guide captures these policy developments and investment opportunities and highlights specific sectors, where UK businesses can enter into productive and profitable partnerships.


The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is committed to supporting and guiding business engagement across India’s regions and sectors. With 66 offices across India, we facilitate and handhold investors in exploring new opportunities. Working with the central government across ministries, CII presents industry perspectives on policy issues. With state governments, we have developed an intensive agenda of policy work and identify specific projects for investments.

In addition, we can help UK industry by providing a platform for engagement with Indian companies and exploring B2B potential in many industrial and services sectors via our strong range of networking events such as trade shows, seminars, and interactive sessions. CII’s UK office in London commenced operations over 35 years ago and works closely with UK businesses, institutions, and academia to promote mutually beneficial economic partnerships. We also provide assistance to both Indian companies wishing to do business in the UK and UK businesses interested in India. CII was privileged that Rt. Hon. Theresa May, Prime Minister of UK and Mr Narendra Modi, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India participated in the India-UK TECH Summit, organised in partnership with UK Government and the Indian Government, during her visit to India in November 2016.

We look forward to deepening and strengthening our economic engagement in the UK, and to assist UK companies in visiting, exploring and doing business with India and wish them all success.

Welcome to India!

Mr Chandrajit Banerjee Director General, Confederation of Indian Industry www.cii.in/CIILeadership.aspx

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

19


Department for International Trade (DIT) (formerly UK Trade & Investment - UKTI) DIT is the British Government department that helps UK-based companies succeed in an increasingly global economy. DIT also helps overseas companies bring their high quality investment to the UK’s economy. DIT’s range of expert services are tailored to the needs of individual businesses to maximise their international success. DIT provides companies with knowledge, advice and practical support.

Through a range of unique services, including participation at selected tradeshows, outward trade missions and providing bespoke market intelligence, DIT can help you crack foreign markets and get to grips quickly with overseas regulations and business practice. With headquarters in London, DIT have professional advisers around the UK and staff across more than 100 countries. Contact DIT

Contact your local International Trade Team or Scottish Development International (SDI), Welsh Government (WG) or Invest Northern Ireland (INI) offices to find out more about the range of services available to you. You can find your nearest International Trade Team at:

www.contactus.trade.gov.uk/office-finder/

General enquiry number: +44 (0) 207 215 5000 Department for International Trade 3 Whitehall Place London SW1A 2AW United Kingdom Email: enquiries@trade.gsi.gov.uk

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

21


www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App

View this guide online

Website and Mobile App features include: • Latest business news • Up-to-date travel advice • Interactive ‘Supporting Organisations’ and ‘Market Experts’ profiles • Essential contact details • Listings with links to up-and-coming trade shows • Links to the Department for International Trade (DIT) support services. Powered by


About International Market Advisor (IMA)

International Market Advisor (IMA) works with British and foreign government departments, Embassies, High Commissions and international Chambers of Commerce throughout the world. Our work helps to identify the most efficient ways for British companies to trade with and invest in opportunity-rich overseas markets.

During the last ten years IMA has worked with the British Government's overseas trade and investment department, the Department for International Trade (DIT) [formerly UK Trade & Investment (UKTI)], and has written, designed, produced, launched and distributed over one million copies of more than 100 country-specific print and multi-media based reports, guides and publications, including the internationallyrecognised ‘Doing Business Guide’ series of trade publications. These are composed of market and industry sector-specific, multi-format print and digital trade reports, together with some of the internet’s most visited international trade websites - all of which are designed to advise and assist UK companies looking to trade with and invest in overseas markets. These reports and guides are then distributed free-ofcharge through the IMA and DIT global networks - over 500 distribution outlets in total. Further distribution takes place at global exhibitions, roadshows, conferences and trade missions, and IMA receives daily requests for additional copies of the guides from these networks and from businesses considering exporting.

Each of IMA’s 'Doing Business Guides’ is produced in three formats: a full colour, glossy, paper-based brochure; a supporting fully-interactive and updatable multi-media based website; and the website contents available as a free-of-charge downloadable smartphone/tablet app.

The guides’ contents focus on the market in question, how to approach that market and the help and support available, and include informative market overviews, plus details of business opportunities, listings with website links to British and Foreign Government support services and essential private sector service-provider profiles. Sponsoring a ‘Doing Business Guide’ therefore offers a unique opportunity to positively promote your products and services to high-profile business leaders, specific exporters, investors and effective business travellers who will be actively seeking out service providers to assist them in developing their business interests in the targeted markets. For more information on IMA please visit our website:

www.DoingBusinessGuides.com Contact IMA Office address

International Market Advisor 1 Clough Street Buxton SK17 6LJ United Kingdom Email info@ima.uk.com General enquiries switchboard +44 (0) 1298 79562

Media enquiries

Newsdesk & out of hours +44 (0) 1298 79562

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

23


INDIA

Doing Business in India

ABOUT THIS GUIDE This guide aims to provide a route map of the way ahead, together with signposts to other sources of help.

The main objective of this Doing Business in India Guide is to provide you with basic knowledge about India; an overview of its economy, business culture, potential opportunities and to identify the main issues associated with initial research, market entry, risk management and cultural and language issues.

We do not pretend to provide all the answers in the guide, but novice exporters in particular will find it a useful starting point. Further assistance is available from the Department for International Trade (DIT) team in India. Full contact details are available in this guide.

To help your business succeed in India we have carefully selected a variety of essential service providers as ‘Market Experts’. The guide is available in 4 formats:

Website: www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

a ‘free’ downloadable 'mobile device-friendly’ app

this full colour hard-copy brochure

PDF download/e-flipbook (please see the website for more details)

Doing Business in India Guide Team: Project Director:

Craig Smith

Sponsorship Manager:

James Clowes

Managing Editors:

Creative Managers:

Creative Consultants:

Olivia Taylor / Brian Underwood Paul King / Claire King

Twistedgifted www.twistedgifted.co.uk

Production Co-ordinator: Megan Collingwood

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

Printed using materials from sustainable sources

‘Doing Business in India Guide’ published in the UK by International Market Advisor Ltd. © 2017 International Market Advisor Ltd (unless otherwise stated). All rights reserved. Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.

25


Taj Mahal, Agra

INDIA

India has removed the majority of its trade barriers to improve the business environment. Huge investment potential exists in sectors such as life sciences, manufacturing, energy and infrastructure.


WHY INDIA? www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

27


INDIA

Doing Business in India

Why India?

Benefits for UK businesses exporting to India

Background

India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The UK exported goods worth £6.35 billion to India and services valued at £2.24 billion in 2014, and the UK is the third largest investor in India.

It has a vibrant and expanding consumer market of over 1.2 billion people, and with more than a quarter of the world's under 25’s, is destined to be the world's 3rd largest economy by 2030. This makes India an extremely attractive market with broad-ranging opportunities for UK exporters.

If you are looking to expand your business abroad, exporting is often a logical place to start. There is strong evidence to suggest that companies which export tend to grow faster, employ more people, and become more efficient and profitable than their non-exporting counterparts. [Source – UKIBC]

India is a very large country made up of 29 different states and 7 union territories. The market varies widely across its many different regions and states, and it is a market which requires a lot of patience and a long-term strategy to be successful.

There are several reasons to choose India as an export destination:

• • • • •

English is widely spoken

a common legal and administrative history

rising personal incomes creating a new middle class consumer market

fast-growing economy with one of the world’s largest youth populations

expanding emerging cities with more than 50 cities now over a million people

Growth potential in India

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has forecast 7.2% growth in real gross domestic product (GDP) for 2017 and 7.7% for 2018.

[Source – www.imf.org/external/country/IND/ index.htm]

India has removed the majority of its trade barriers to improve the business environment. Huge investment potential exists in sectors such as life sciences, manufacturing, energy and infrastructure. Free trade agreements with India A free trade agreement between the EU and India is currently being negotiated.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Opportunities for UK businesses in India

DIT provides free international export sales leads from its worldwide network. Find export opportunities in India at: https://opportunities.export.great.gov.uk

Read more about emerging sectors in India at: www.ukibc.com/india-guide/ why-india/emerging-sectors.

Contact: kevin.mccole@ukibc.com or richard.mccallum@ukibc.com at UKIBC to find out about sectoral opportunities in India.

India has opportunities in all sectors as it expands and develops. It is a pricesensitive market, but there is a natural fit between the UK and Indian economies. UK companies offer goods, technology, services and expertise in the areas that India has identified as critical for rapid economic development including: •

finance

energy efficiency

• • •

infrastructure

vocational skills and education healthcare

[Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

29


Central Mumbai at dusk

INDIA

India is not a single national market. In India each state resembles a separate country, often with its own language, cultural practices and preferences. Different regions have different industry clusters. Therefore regional plans and good local research are needed.


HELP AVAILABLE FOR YOU www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

33


Help available for you

To export successfully to India you will need to learn not just about India, but also about the logistics involved. For example you will need to understand export documentation, regulations and licensing, labelling and marking, tariffs and foreign currency management. While you are doing your research, be sure to contact UK India Business Council, the Department for International Trade (DIT), and other organisations that have the expertise and knowledge to guide you on the dos and do nots of exporting to India. If you are not sure if your product is right for India they can also help with in-county market research including competitor analyses and product feasibility assessments. [Source – UKIBC]

Department for International Trade (DIT) and partner contacts in India

Find a local DIT trade adviser if you are interested in finding out more about doing business in India. See: www.contactus. trade.gov.uk/office-finder.

Contact the DIT team in India for more information and advice on opportunities for doing business in India. See the ‘Resources’ section of this guide.

Contact: kevin.mccole@ukibc.com or richard.mccallum@ukibc.com at UKIBC, for business support services in India. [Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

Researching the Indian market

India is not a single national market. In India each state resembles a separate country, often with its own language, cultural practices and preferences. Different regions have different industry clusters. Therefore regional plans and good local research are needed.

You need to research market entry requirements in specific states using both desk research and market visits. You need to determine whether: • • • •

there is a market for your product or service your pricing is competitive to localise your product

to adapt your business model

Find out more about marketing your goods and services in India by visiting: www.ukibc.com/india-guide/how-india/ finding-customers. Visit the Department for International Trade’s (DIT) events portal to find upcoming events and missions: www.events.trade.gov.uk.

Contact the DIT team in India for events and company launches at British High Commission locations. See the ‘Resources’ section of the guide for more information.

Contact: kevin.mccole@ukibc.com or richard.mccallum@ukibc.com at the UK-India Business Council (UKIBC), or to use DIT’s Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS) to research the Indian market. See: www.gov.uk/overseas-customers-export-opportunities

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

35


Bangalore Business Zone

INDIA

Business visas have a validity of 6 months to one year or more with single or multiple entries. However, the period of time in India for each stay is limited to 6 months. The validity of the visa begins from the date of issue by the High Commission of India and not from the date of travel on your application form.


www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

37

GETTING HERE AND ADVICE ABOUT YOUR STAY


Getting here and advice about your stay Entry requirements for India All visitors must have a valid passport and visa.

Visas Business visas have a validity of 6 months to one year or more with single or multiple entries. However, the period of time in India for each stay is limited to 6 months. The validity of the visa begins from the date of issue by the High Commission of India and not from the date of travel on your application form.

India’s Bureau of Immigration has announced that with immediate effect, foreign nationals who arrive at an Indian port holding non-machine readable passports will be denied entry. To transit through India you will need a transit visa.

Foreign nationals arriving in India on long term multiple entry visas must register with the nearest Foreigners Regional Registration Officer (FRRO) within 14 days of arrival. If you overstay your visa, you must report in person to the FRRO or Superintendent of Police that you registered with to get permission to exit the country. You will be fined and may be prosecuted or detained and later deported.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india/entry-requirements]

Passports Your passport must be machine readable, with 2 blank pages for your visa and valid for a minimum of 180 days at the time of your visa application.

Holders of passports endorsed ‘British citizen’ who meet the eligibility criteria can apply for a single entry e-Tourist Visa (e-TV) to enter India at certain designated airports. You can find more information about the eligibility criteria on the Government of India’s e-Tourist Visa website: https://indianvisaonline.gov.in/evisa/tvoa.ht ml

Airport tax User Development Fees (UDF) apply at many airports. The fees are around Rs.1,000 per international passenger and Rs.150 to Rs.260 per domestic passenger. This should already be included in the cost of airline tickets, if not it will be collected at the airport check-in counter. [Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india/entry-requirements]

UK Emergency Travel Documents UK Emergency Travel Documents (ETDs) are valid for entry to or exit from India with the relevant Indian visa. They are also valid for airside transit. However, a holder of an ETD will not be able to both enter and exit India using the same ETD. For more information, contact the British High Commission New Delhi or visit: www.gov.uk/world/organisations/britishhigh-commission-new-delhi

Find out more information on how to apply for a business visa for India at: www.vfsglobal.com/India/UK/Business.html. www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

39


INDIA

Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card holders In March 2016, the Government of India announced that OCI card holders will no longer need a visa to enter India. The ‘U’ visa sticker that was placed in the foreign passport of OCI card holders has been discontinued with immediate effect and you will no longer need to show this sticker to the immigration authorities when you enter and leave India. You will only need to present a valid passport and your OCI card. For more information, visit the website of the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs: mha1.nic.in/foreigDiv/OCI.html. Political rallies and demonstrations

Political rallies and demonstrations occur frequently throughout the country and can turn violent, particularly around elections. Transport and public services may be disrupted at short notice. If you are travelling in these areas you should remain vigilant, avoid protests, demonstrations or large gatherings, monitor the local media and follow the advice of the local authorities and your travel company.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/ india/safety-and-security]

Local laws and customs

It is illegal to buy, sell, kill or capture any protected wild animal without a licence. India is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

The laws governing alcohol vary from state to state. Consumption of alcohol is prohibited in Bihar, Gujarat, Kerala, Manipur, Nagaland and the union territory of Lakshadweep. Consumption or possession of alcohol can lead to arrest without bail and a sentence of 5 to 10 years.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india/ local-laws-and-customs]

Health

Visit your health professional at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip to check whether you need any vaccinations or other preventive measures. Country specific information and advice is published by the National Travel Health Network and Centre on the TravelHealthPro website: https://travelhealthpro.org.uk/countries; and by NHS (Scotland) on the fitfortravel website: www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/destinations.aspx. Useful information and advice about healthcare abroad is also available on the NHS Choices website: www.nhs.uk/ NHSEngland/Healthcareabroad/Pages/ Healthcareabroad.aspx.

Drugs are illegal in India. There is a minimum sentence of 6 months for possession of small amounts deemed for personal consumption only, and 10 years for other amounts.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Doing Business in India

Local medical facilities are not comparable to those in the UK, especially in more remote areas. In major cities private medical care is available, but expensive. A list of the most commonly used hospitals can be found on the British High Commission website: www.gov.uk/ government/publications/india-list-ofhospitals

Severe air pollution is a major hazard to public health in Delhi, and a serious concern in many Indian cities. Children, the elderly and those with pre-existing medical conditions may be especially affected. You can follow further advice at the WHO website: www.who.int/topics/ environmental_pollution/en.

Mosquito-borne diseases like dengue fever occur all year round. There has been an increase in the number of cases of dengue fever, including in New Delhi. Cases of chikungunya virus have been confirmed in India, including in New Delhi. You should take steps to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Visit: https://travelhealthpro.org.uk/factsheet/38/insect-and-tickbite-avoidance

Business etiquette, language & culture India is hierarchical, even in the office situation. In meetings, small talk, particularly about the family, is highly valued as you build a relationship. Important rules of behaviour include:

• •

using your right hand in all situations

always having a business card to present

Business and official contacts are addressed as Mr/Mrs/Ms or Sri/Smt (Srimati) with surname. Refer to business superiors and those senior in age as ‘sir’ or ‘madam’. Do not use first names unless invited to do so. Find more information on business culture in India visit: www.ukibc.com/india-guide/ how-india/business-culture. [Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 102 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your insurance/medical assistance company promptly if you are referred to a medical facility for treatment. [Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/ india/health]

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

41


> Clear, consistent content is vital to making your business understood overseas. So don't leave it to chance.

> Well-known companies we already work with include: Serco, Experian, Intertek, IKEA and Caterpillar > For a structured approach to translation, please read the article that follows

T: 0115 9705633 | E: office@astls.co.uk | www.astlanguage.com


If you're reading this guide, the chances are you're either a seasoned exporter, or you're committed to investigating new export opportunities for your business. Whichever category you fall into, you'll have a good idea of the huge investment in time, effort and resources which is required for export success. Your priority will be to get your product or service to market, and it's a fact of life that procurement of peripheral resources such as translation is often left to the last minute. In this article we'd like to demonstrate to you how building translation into the early planning stages of your export campaigns can pay dividends. The internet, mobile connectivity and social media mean that now more than ever before customers, be they B2B or B2C, are buying goods and services within the context of a connected world of instant communication. Buying decisions carried out in isolation of wider and constantly changing sector, economic or social contexts are a thing of the past. This means that increasingly any product or service has to be supported with professional technical, marketing or other contextual content.

As examples of this, exporters need their technical documentation to be easily assimilated, their marketing content to be compelling, and their website to be informative and memorable. Human resources departments on the other hand need sensitive localisation of policies & procedures in line with local legislation, corporate guidelines and house style. After all an international expansion strategy or company restructuring could easily be undermined by insensitive internal communication.

In non English-speaking markets, all of the above can be achieved by working with a reliable and professional translation partner.

So how can really good translation help build your export success: • clear and accurate foreignlanguage branding and content will motivate foreign customers to buy from you

• consistent and harmonised messaging helps to convey and reinforce your company's values and ethos • corporate and operational risk through poor quality communication and misunderstanding is eliminated • overall brand integrity and reputation are enhanced


The following components are key to a successful translation project, and show how AST can make the process of internationalising outward-facing and internal communications simpler, more professional and more cost-effective: Rigorous selection of translators

AST’s ISO9001 certified and ISO17100 compliant processes mean that the company has approved sector-specialist translators whatever the language and deadline requirements, with experienced proofreaders to give the text precision and professionalism to really focus the reader’s attention. Translation memory technology

Client-facing documents produced periodically often contain sections which stay the same and sections which need updating. Similarly company websites and technical data or manuals can contain identical paragraphs and sections. Translation Memory technology is used in this situation to identify duplicate and legacy text. The duplicates are logged and reused – leading to reduced turnaround times and resulting

cost savings – with company wordings for products, processes, titles and descriptions translated consistently. Terminology management

The key words used to describe your company’s products, services and processes support your brand and identity. This is equally true in your foreign language communications. Unfortunately, once translated it is often easy to lose control of key terms, leading to uncertainty as to whether the translations are having the desired impact. AST’s terminology management prevents this. Glossaries are maintained in multiple languages and client terminology is checked in each language by industry sector experts. As the glossary grows it can be reused with each new project, so client content is always on-message and brand integrity consistent.

So there’s really no need for you to leave the “softer” aspects of your export campaign to chance. Using a professional translation company like AST provides a guarantee that your international content will be clear, consistent and effective. Whatever the language.


> YOU NEED YOUR SALES, TECHNICAL AND WEBSITE CONTENT TO BE TRANSLATED BY EXPERTS!

> We’re recognised as a UK leader for translating high profile, client-facing documents

> All our translators are rigorously selected so your text will be translated by the best people in the business

> We ensure you get premium quality translations every time, on time and within budget

No matter how urgent your assignment we can translate it.

T: 0115 9705633 | E: office@astls.co.uk | www.astlanguage.com


INDIA

Pilgrims at the Dashashwamedh Ghat on the Ganges

Try to avoid hailing taxis on the street. If you are being collected at the airport by a hotel driver make sure they have properly identified themselves before you set off. If you book a taxi online, there is a facility whereby you can let your friends/families know the details of your journey in case of an emergency.


TRAVELLING IN INDIA www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

47


Travelling in India Travel advice for India If you are travelling to India for business, check the FCO travel advice page before you travel. See: www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india.

[Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

Safety and security

Avoid travelling alone on public transport, or in taxis or auto-rickshaws, especially at night. If you have to use a taxi get them from hotel taxi ranks and exercise caution when using pre-paid taxis at airports as there have been instances of British tourists becoming the victims of a scam by taxi drivers and others who offer cheap transportation and/or hotels, unwanted tours and extended taxi rides. Travellers who accept these offers have reported being threatened with violence when they have declined to pay. Try to avoid hailing taxis on the street. If you are being collected at the airport by a hotel driver make sure they have properly identified themselves before you set off. If you book a taxi online, there is a facility whereby you can let your friends/families know the details of your journey in case of an emergency. You can send your details to pre-selected contacts who can then pinpoint your exact location. If you are the victim of abuse call 100 for police assistance or 1091 or 1096 if you are the victim of sexual harassment.

Take care of your passport and bank cards, particularly when travelling by bus and train. Do not leave your luggage unattended on trains at all. There has been an increase in handbag snatching in Delhi.

Keep a photocopy of your passport, Indian visa and flight ticket separately from the originals when travelling. If your passport is lost or stolen notify the police immediately and obtain a police report.

Be wary of confidence tricksters, particularly in Goa, Agra and Jaipur, who promise large amounts of cash for delivery of jewellery abroad in return for an initial deposit. The jewellery is worthless and the deposit, often amounting to thousands of pounds, is lost.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india/ safety-and-security]

Terrorism There is a high threat from terrorism. Terrorist attacks are carried out by a number of terrorist and insurgent groups including Lashkar-e Tayyiba, Jaish-e Mohammed and the Indian Mujahideen.

While the main focus of terrorist attacks has been against Indian Government interests, terrorists have also targeted places visited by westerners including public places. Always monitor local media before planning your travel for any local travel warnings. If you see unattended baggage, report it promptly. Security has been strengthened, notably at major hotels and transport hubs. Take particular care in the lead up to and on days of national significance.

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

49


INDIA

In some areas terrorist incidents are frequent, especially Jammu and Kashmir (excluding Ladakh) and less frequently in parts of the north east. [Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india/terrorism]

Women travelling in India

Women should use caution when travelling in India. Reported cases of sexual assault against women and young girls are increasing. If you are a woman travelling in India you should respect local dress codes and customs and avoid isolated areas when alone at any time of day. Women travellers should exercise caution when travelling in India even if travelling in a group. Visit: www.gov.uk/guidance/advicefor-women-travelling-abroad to view travel tips for women travellers.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/india/ safety-and-security]

Road travel

Car and motorbike accidents are one of the biggest causes of injury and death overseas. Always travel in a well-maintained vehicle with seatbelts.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/india/ safety-and-security]

Sea travel

Tourist boats and other small crafts rarely carry life-saving equipment. Although piracy has not so far affected India’s territorial waters, it poses a significant threat in parts of the Indian Ocean.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/india/ safety-and-security]

Rail travel

Do not accept food or drinks from strangers. There have been reports of travellers being drugged and robbed on trains often on overnight journeys. Avoid individuals at railway stations offering tickets and tours.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/india/ safety-and-security]

Local travel

Jammu & Kashmir The FCO advise against all travel to Jammu and Kashmir with the exception of travel within the city Jammu, travel by air to the city of Jammu or travel within the region of Ladakh. The FCO advise against all but essential travel to the city of Srinagar and travel between the cities of Jammu and Srinagar on the JammuSrinagar national highway. The tourist destinations of Phalgam, Gulmarg and Sonamarg fall within the areas to which the FCO advise against all travel.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Doing Business in India

On 3rd October 2016, the Jammu and Kashmir Government confirmed foreign nationals travelling to the Nubra valley in Leh no longer require a protected area permit to visit the area.

In the early hours of 18th September 2016, an Indian army base in Uri, close to the Line of Control in Indian-administered Kashmir was attacked by terrorists. You should remain vigilant and monitor local media and follow the advice of the local authorities and your travel company.

Since the death of Hizbul Mujahadeen commander Burhan Wani on the 8th July 2016, there have been widespread violent protests in the Kashmir Valley which have resulted in a number of deaths and serious casualties. As a result, curfews are imposed and lifted on an almost daily basis.

Foreigners remain vulnerable in rural districts and outside the main population centres and tourist areas. There is a risk of unpredictable violence, including bombings, grenade attacks, shootings and kidnapping. The long-standing policy of the British Government is not to make substantive concessions to hostage takers. The level of consular assistance that the British High Commission can provide in Jammu & Kashmir is extremely limited.

In July 2012, there was a grenade attack on a minibus carrying tourists at Bijbehara. Three people were killed, including two British nationals, and four were injured.

Rocket attacks launched from Pakistani territory landed near Attari, on the Indian side, in 2009. On the 2nd November 2014, an attack caused multiple fatalities on the Pakistan side of the Wagah border crossing after the flag lowering ceremony.

The Indian Ministry of Home Affairs warned of the possibility of violence or terrorist attacks in Punjab in the run up to state elections on 4th February 2017. Exercise extra caution, monitor local media and/or seek local advice before travelling.

The border between India and Pakistan in Rajasthan is unmarked in some areas. Approaching the border away from an official crossing point could be dangerous, and where unmarked could lead to a visitor straying into Pakistan.

Never trek alone. Trekkers should travel in groups and engage local guides. Leave a message at your accommodation about where you are going and when you expect to return. It is extremely unlikely to get any phone signal in the mountains so please register your whereabouts using the online C form: www.indianfrro.gov.in/frro/FormC. The following hazards exist throughout the year, especially above 3,000 metres: sudden weather changes, avalanches and snow drifts, landslides and flooding, rock falls and thunderstorms. For the more intrepid climbers you will need special permits.

Other northern states The FCO advise against all travel in the immediate vicinity of the border with Pakistan other than travel across the international border at Wagah.

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

51


INDIA

There are no commercial mountain rescue services operating above 3,000 metres. In some border areas only the Indian Air Force is permitted to carry out air rescues. However, they are under no obligation to perform air rescues; have limited resources to do so and can only get clearance to carry out rescues during working hours. Make sure your insurance policy covers you for altitudes over 2,400 metres and mountain rescue and helicopter costs.

East and North East India The FCO advise against all travel to Manipur and against all but essential travel to Imphal, the state capital of Manipur. If you plan to travel to Imphal then do so only by air after checking the latest security conditions. There is a risk from insurgent groups, mainly in rural areas. Although foreigners have not been targeted, attacks can be indiscriminate. On the 18th December 2016 widespread violence erupted in and around Manipur’s capital Imphal as protesters burnt public and private vehicles. A curfew was imposed in some parts of Manipur but was later lifted.

On the 8th July 2015, following clashes between the police and students a curfew was imposed in greater Imphal (east and west). The curfew was lifted on the 4th August 2015. One person was reported dead and 30 injured in the clashes. On the 4th June 2015, there was an attack on an army convoy in the Chandel district of Manipur. Eighteen soldiers were killed in the attack. The NSCN-K terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Although the overall security situation in the north-east of India is improving, some areas within the north-eastern states, especially in Manipur and Assam, still experience sudden and random outbreaks of violence. There have been several incidents of violence in Assam including a shooting in Kokrajhar on the 5th August 2016 resulting in 14 deaths, and grenade explosions in Lakhimpur, Karbi Anglong and Guwahati. Review your security arrangements carefully, seek advice from the local authorities and avoid large crowds.

Violent Maoist extremist groups (Naxalites) are active in the rural areas of Chhattisgarh, Jharkand, Odisha, along the border with Andra Pradesh and in remote parts of Bihar and west Bengal. There is a risk of violent crime in the rural areas of Bihar and Jharkhand. There have been skirmishes on the India/Bangladesh border. The Odisha Government has imposed severe restrictions on the movement of tourists, especially foreign tourists, inside certain rural areas. Follow the advice of the local authorities if you plan to visit the rural areas of these states as it could potentially cause major disruption to your travel plans. Indian Government permits are required for travel to Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. You should apply well in advance (at least 3 months). In India, you should apply at the liaison office of the state for which you require a permit or the Foreigners Regional Registration Office. Permits for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands can be issued on arrival in Port Blair but this is not the case for the other states. Permit regulations can change at any time.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Doing Business in India

Contact the respective state liaison office or the Bureau of Immigration – India for the latest guidance: www.boi.gov.in. Western region The FCO advise against all travel in the immediate vicinity of the border with Pakistan, except for travel across the international border at Wagah.

The India/Pakistan border in Gujarat is unmarked in some areas. Approaching it away from an official crossing point could be dangerous and where unmarked could lead to you straying into Pakistan illegally. There continues to be some inter communal tension in Gujarat which can lead to isolated incidents of violence.

If you are travelling into Mumbai International Airport (known formally as Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport) and transiting between International Terminal 2 and the Domestic Terminal 1A and 1B, you should be aware that the shuttle service between them can be inconsistent. You should allow sufficient time for any transit between flights. At any of these terminals please be alert to unofficial taxi drivers who may charge high fares. Official pre-paid taxi services are available and many hotels offer airport transfer facilities.

There have been reports of drinks being spiked and travellers, including British nationals, subsequently being robbed, sexually assaulted or dying. There have also been reports of locals posing as police officers or government officials in order to extort money, so be alert if approached. Avoid beaches after dark. Travellers should observe and respect local dress and customs.

You should follow warnings posted at beaches and instructions issued by lifeguards. Every year several people drown due to the strong currents in the sea. Emergency service standards may differ from those in the UK.

Road traffic accidents are common and many fatal accidents occur each year. Wear a good quality helmet if renting a motorcycle or scooter.

The possession or consumption of drugs is illegal and conviction for either offence may lead to a very long prison sentence. A number of British nationals in Goa die each year due to drug or alcohol abuse.

[Source – www.gov.uk/foreign-traveladvice/india/ safety-and-security]

Goa If you are staying in a hotel on the smaller roads in the Candolim-Calangute belt, take particular care when walking to or from the main road. There have been reports of bag-snatchings on these roads. The thieves are usually on motorbikes, with headlights on full-beam to blind their victims.

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

53


INDIA

You can start exporting in a few steps online. The DIT can help you find the online marketplace best suited to your product or service in India and access preferential deals negotiated by the government.


PREPARING TO EXPORT TO INDIA www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

57


INDIA

Doing Business in India

Preparing to export Direct sales in India using local representation

Before appointing an agent or distributor you should look closely at your potential partner’s:

local business reputation

regional coverage

• •

financial resources marketing ability

It may be best to appoint a series of agents or distributors to cover different regions in this market.

Contact: kevin.mccole@ukibc.com or richard.mccallum@ukibc.com at UKIBC to use DIT’s OMIS service to identify local representatives for your products in India. See: www.gov.uk/overseas-customers-export-opportunities Setting up a corporate or non-corporate entity in India

A liaison or branch office in India needs permission from the Reserve Bank of India under provisions of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) 1999. For more information visit: www.rbi.org.in/Scripts/BS _ViewMasCirculardetails.aspx?id=9861#A.

A project office is treated as an extension of the UK company. It does not need permission from the Reserve Bank of India, but is subject to some reporting requirements. It is taxed at the rate applicable to foreign companies.

A UK company can set up a wholly owned subsidiary company in India in the form of a private company subject to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) guidelines.

There are no separate laws for joint ventures between UK and Indian companies. Laws governing domestic companies apply.

Find out about incorporating a company in India or getting a certification of business to establish a liaison, branch or project office at: www.mca.gov.in. Find more detailed information on market entry options for India: www.ukibc.com/ india-guide/how-india/market-entrystructures.

UK institutional investors are free to invest in India’s financial markets. You should get legal advice on the best structure for your business.

Find out more about UKIBC’s ‘Launchpad’ service which can help you set up in India: www.ukibc.com/what-we-offer/marketentry/

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Establishing a franchise in India

Most franchise operations in India are through a joint venture with a local partner. Visit the international section of the British Franchise Association for more information on franchising: www.thebfa.org/international. Merger or acquisition in India

Merging with or taking over an Indian company with local expertise including an established customer and supplier base will help you succeed in the Indian market. However, good ‘due diligence’ on your prospective target is essential. Direct export to India

UK companies can consider direct export to India by contacting appropriate end users. You might consider this as a first step before appointing a partner in India. Online selling to India

To sell online in India you need to localise your website or use an online marketplace. You can start exporting in a few steps online. The DIT can help you find the online marketplace best suited to your product or service in India and access preferential deals negotiated by the government.

Check out online marketplaces in India where DIT has negotiated listings at better than commercial rates: https://sellingonline-overseas.export.great.gov.uk

[Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

59


CASE STUDY

Growth story of a leading UK plastic components manufacturer It is essential to keep growing and that is what bought this UK based large plastic components manufacturer to the attractive fast growing emerging market of India. Established over 150 years ago, with an employee base of 1000+ worldwide, product range of over 35,000 items and global presence, this company has a well-known brand image in Europe and the USA. In the mid 2000’s they realised the sales potential in these existing markets was stagnating, they had to look into new potential markets to see new growth. In this case study we will show you how this plastic components manufacturer went from no business in India to £2.5 million worth in five years;


www.maiervidorno.com India was already in a boom phase at the time and many other potential markets looked unstable or had low growth prospects so they decided to look at India. With no knowledge of the market for their products, they turned to M+V – an expert on India – for a market research study in 2006. With in-depth knowledge across industries, M+V conducted in-depth interviews and extensive secondary research in the plastics market in India and the evidence showed that India was a worthwhile market for them to invest in. M+V helped them define their product range for this new territory and develop a pricing strategy that would be suitable for India. M+V also helped them define their customer base (OEMs, resellers, end users), and to weigh their business model options. From the study it was evident that direct sales or sales through a distribution partner in India would not be successful and to be successful the company needed to have a dedicated Indian sales team.

However, a Wholly Owned Subsidiary (Private Limited) would not break-even in the first few years and would require not only investment in administration and operations but also a steep learning curve to find the right people and set up immediately. This was worrisome for the Investors who wanted to focus on sales and developing their footprint in the market and not get diverted by operational matters and Indian bureaucracy.

M+V’s main interest is to safeguard the money of the investor and has developed practical business solutions for foreign companies coming to India’s markets. M+V’s Business Incubator allows new market entrants to focus on business development, brand building and building up market shares without having to immediately incorporate an Indian subsidiary and deal with bureaucracy – or to rely on distributors.

This Business Incubator was tailormade for the needs of the plastics manufacturer. With this solution, they had a low-risk, cost-effective and simple way to recruit and guide a dedicated sales team for their business development in India until the right time to incorporate their own Wholly Owned Subsidiary. In 2010 the company signed contacts with M+V for the Business Incubator, to recruited three Sales Managers for the company and for M+V’s Sales Order Management solution – so that M+V would manage all back-office operations from payroll and accounting to the complete imports, order management, invoicing & logistics of the products. The company could therefore focus on sales. The team of three Regional Sales Managers were recruited based on the business potential for their products and organized regionally - North, West and South. These managers were dedicated to the sales of this company and travelled within their regions for 10-12 days per month developing their region’s markets with regular reviews


CASE STUDY and healthy competition between the regions. In this way, they were able to create brand awareness and make the products available in India; without the inconvenience of incorporating an Indian subsidiary or any other bureaucracy.

Their first product shipment was imported into India within nine months and they experienced steady growth over the next five years. They grew their customer base in India over 2.5 times from 28 customers in 2011 to 101 customers in 2016.

As they were able to completely focus their energy only on building the market, they quickly identified that over 70% of their customers were OEMs who were responsible for most of the business, while end users and resellers did not contribute much to their sales value. With regionally focused dedicated sales managers, and access to all the sales data from M+V’s SAP module, they were able to determine that almost half of their sales value came from the West region and this helped them boost their North and South regions with training and to better strategise their future sales plans.


www.maiervidorno.com Growing at a CAGR (compound annual growth rate) of 43%, their total sales in India went from £273,000 in 2011 to £2.5 million in 2016. M+V’s advice to go ahead with a dedicated local team for business development proved valid; while direct sales from UK during the period grew at a CAGR of only 26%, sales through M+V Sales Order Management solution grew at a CAGR of 45%. With use of the M+V Business Incubator solution, they were able to gain market share and brand presence without incurring expenses of a local entity or the risk of bureaucracy and M+V’s Sales Order Management solution helped them make their products available in India efficiently and with a fully-fledged set up that would have otherwise taken years to develop. After five years of increasing sales and seeing the continued market potential, the company was now ready to establish their own subsidiary in India. In 2016, M+V registered a Private Limited company for them and also helped them recruit the right people to expand their team to eight employees. From day one the Indian subsidiary has been paying for itself because the products already have a developed place in the market.

They plan to further build up their own team in 2-3 years, but right now are focused on consolidating growth and markets.

Good administration keeps you in control of your business, and having experienced M+V’s business solutions first-hand the company continues to view M+V as a trusted advisor and service provider. They still use M+V’s Accounting solution and Sales Order Management solution. This helps their team to continue to focus entirely on business development.

This plastic components giant now plans to introduce more products in the Indian market that will allow their product basket to be complete as customers still purchase some products (accessories) from the competition. They are well established with OEMs in India and now plan to shift more focus towards increasing sales from resellers and win Government contracts. This move will help them take over the competition market share and reach their target of £5 million sales by 2019. To know more about how M+V’s pragmatic tailored solutions can help grow your business in India, contact us!

Phone: +91 124 4121 600 Email: info@maiervidorno.com www.maiervidorno.com


Jodhpur Market

INDIA

The Make in India initiative was launched globally in September 2014 as part of the Government of India’s renewed focus on invigorating the country’s manufacturing sector, and focusing on job creation and skill enhancement in 25 sectors of the Indian economy.


SECTOR-SPECIFIC OPPORTUNITIES www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

65


Made in India

Pharmaceuticals, planes, wind turbines, tyres, clothing, cars… it’s hard to imagine our landscapes, high streets, hospitals or homes without the many products made in India.

India’s industry sector is a major contributor to economic growth that is the envy of the world. Mott MacDonald has been prominent in the sector for nearly half a century, working with household names including Adani, Aditya Birla, AstraZeneca, Atul, Bayer, Dai-ichi, Godrej, Lanxess, Indofil, Intas, Jubilant, MRF, Nirma, Piramal, SRF and Vinati. Whether working with clients from project inception right through to operation, or appointed to assist with one specialist aspect of a project, the company’s experts add advantage that will enable its clients to get ahead, and stay there. Making the money work That quest for success starts with the drafting of a robust business case for investment in a new, expanded or improved facility. Mott MacDonald seeks to understand clients’ strategic aims and also any pressures and obstacles. That enables assumptions and ‘tried and tested’ thinking to be challenged. At best, it paves the way for innovative alternative solutions Lanxess gained cost savings of nearly 10% through our redesign and procurement of a new rubber facility (right). We pioneered an innovative process to recover cresol from wastewater, providing client Atul with more saleable product (opposite).


to problems, process re-engineering and supply chain improvements, often resulting in substantial efficiency savings further down the line. More than what’s right Engaging, communicating with and consulting stakeholders has become an ever more important factor in project success – failing to do so risks objections to proposed developments and resulting production delay, with resultant loss of revenue and potentially market share. Meanwhile, proactive management of environmental performance, to comply and even go beyond legal requirements, not only helps clients stay on the right side of regulators, but to win the trust and respect of local stakeholders and customers alike. Driving strong business Mott MacDonald’s commercial advisory services draw on a long heritage in management consultancy, helping businesses adapt to change and position for growth. Investment decisions are supported by the firm’s infrastructure finance business, which provides expertise that helps to secure investment and

manage out commercial risks, helping lenders and borrowers to maximise returns. Seeing the bigger picture One of the keys to Mott MacDonald’s strength is its multisector capabilities, with transport, power, water, environment, building structures and services engineering, and health and education alongside industry skills. From inception to operation, the ability to pull in the right expertise contributes to more integrated, better optimised solutions. Building resilience Looking to the future, facilities created now will be in operation for decades to come, calling for attention to design and build quality, which underpin a facility’s ability to achieve and sustain output. Another key consideration is resilience – understanding vulnerabilities and dependencies, and acting to prevent harm resulting from external pressures such as climate change. Almost 50 years after opening for business in India, Mott MacDonald’s industry consultants are thinking ahead, planning for the challenges and opportunities of the next half century, and beyond.


INDIA

Doing Business in India

Sector-specific opportunities

Indian Government flagship programmes

Industries importing into India

Make in India

The top 10 industries importing into India are:

4. machinery, mechanical appliances, reactors and boilers

The Make in India initiative was launched globally in September 2014 as part of the Government of India’s renewed focus on invigorating the country’s manufacturing sector, and focusing on job creation and skill enhancement in 25 sectors of the Indian economy. The initiative aims to raise quality standards and minimise the impact on the environment, as well as attract capital and technological investment in India.

6. iron and steel

automobiles

aviation

1. mineral fuels and oils

2. gems and precious metals

3. electrical machinery, equipment and parts 5. organic chemicals 7. plastics

8. animal or vegetable fats and oils

9. fertilisers

10. medical, optical, photographic, measuring, precision, medical or surgical equipment

You can read more about what India imports at the World’s Top Exports website: www.worldstopexports.com/ indias-top-10-imports.

The International Trade Centre (ITC) ranks the value of India’s top services imports. Visit: http://www.trademap.org/tradestat/Service_SelCountry_TS.aspx?nvpm=1|699||||| |S00|1|3|1|1|2|1|5|1|1 [Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

The 25 sectors are: • • • • • • • • • • •

automobile components biotechnology chemicals

construction

defence manufacturing electrical machinery electronic systems food processing

information technology and business process management leather

media and entertainment

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


mining

Industrial Cities will also develop along these corridors.

oil and gas

For more information on Make in India, see: http://www.makeinindia.com/home/.

pharmaceuticals

ports and shipping

Ease of Doing Business

railways

The Government of India has taken on board a series of measures to radically improve its ‘Ease of Doing Business’ ranking. With an objective to make the regulatory environment easier and simpler for business to flourish, the Government has effectively used technology to converge and integrate different departments. 14 services are now integrated within a new ‘eBiz portal’, which will function as a single window portal for obtaining clearances from various government agencies.

renewable energy

roads and highways

space and astronomy

textiles and garments

thermal power

tourism and hospitality

wellness

Before the initiative was launched, foreign equity caps in these sectors were relaxed and the validity of licences was increased to three years. With the exception of space, defence and news media, 100% FDI is now permitted in all of the above sectors.

Since its launch, the Government of India has taken several reform initiatives to create an enabling environment that has provided a push to manufacturing, design, innovation and entrepreneurship. The Prime Minister has given further impetus to India’s growth with several innovative initiatives such as ‘Digital India’, ‘100 Smart Cities’ and ‘Skill India’, and six industrial corridors are being developed across various regions of the country.

In February 2017, the Government of India appointed the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the National Productivity Council to research actual users and get their feedback on various reform measures, in a move to try to improve India's ranking on the Ease of Doing Business Index. India currently ranks 130th out of 190 countries in the World Bank's 2016 Ease of Doing Business Index.

For more information, see the World Bank’s 2016-17 Ease of Doing Business ranking at: http://www.doingbusiness.org/ data/exploreeconomies/india, and: http://www.makeinindia.com/eodb.

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

69


INDIA

Doing Business in India

Digital India

The Digital India programme is a flagship programme of the Government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally-empowered society and knowledge economy.

Digital India was launched by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi in July 2015 with the objective of connecting rural areas with high-speed internet networks and improving digital literacy. The vision of Digital India is inclusive growth in areas of electronic services, products, manufacturing and job opportunities, and is centred on three key areas: • • •

digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen governance & services on-demand digital empowerment of citizens

The Indian Government hopes to achieve growth on multiple fronts with the Digital India initiative. Specifically, they are targeting the following nine 'Pillars of Digital India':

broadband highway

public internet access programme

• • •

universal access to Internet

e-Governance – reforming government through technology e-Kranti – electronic delivery of services

information for all

IT for jobs

• •

electronics manufacturing early harvest programmes

For more information on the Digital India initiative, see: http://www.digitalindia.gov.in/ content/introduction 100 Smart Cities

The 100 Smart Cities initiative is an urban renewal and retrofitting programme by the Government of India, with a mission to develop 100 cities across the country, making them citizen-friendly and sustainable. The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the state governments of the respective cities.

The objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas, and create a replicable model which will act like a beacon to other aspiring cities.

The 100 Smart Cities mission of the government is a bold, new initiative. It is meant to set examples that can be replicated both within and outside the Smart City, catalysing the creation of similar Smart Cities in various regions and parts of the country.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Accordingly, the purpose of the 100 Smart Cities mission is to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local area development and harnessing technology, especially technology that leads to Smart outcomes. Area-based development will transform existing areas (retrofit and redevelop), including slums, into better-planned ones, thereby improving liveability of the whole City.

New greenfield areas will be developed around cities in order to accommodate the expanding population in urban areas. Application of Smart Solutions will enable cities to use technology, information and data to improve infrastructure and services. Comprehensive development in this way will improve quality of life, create employment and enhance incomes for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged, leading to inclusive cities. As of June 2017, 90 cities have been selected for upgrade as part of the 100 Smart Cities initiative. As part of the fiveyear programme, all Indian states and Union territories are participating (except West Bengal) by nominating at-least one city for the Smart City challenge.

Financial aid is to be given by the central and state government between 2017 and 2022. For more information on the Indian 100 Smart Cities initiative, see: www.smartcities.gov.in/content/ Skill India

The vision of ‘Skill India’ is to not only consolidate and coordinate skilling efforts, but also expedite decision making across sectors to achieve skilling quickly and to agreed standards. It will be implemented through a streamlined process led by the Indian Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).

Key institutional mechanisms for achieving the objectives have been divided into three tiers, which consist of a Governing Council for policy guidance, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate (along with an Executive Committee) as the executive arm.

Seven sub-missions have been proposed initially to act as building blocks for achieving overall objectives of the programme:

institutional training

convergence

• • • • •

infrastructure trainers

overseas employment

sustainable livelihoods

leveraging public infrastructure

For more information on Skill India see: http://www.msde.gov.in/nationalskillmission.html

The National Skill Development initiative ‘Skill India’, was launched in July 2015 on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day. The programme has been developed to create convergence across sectors and states in terms of skill training activities.

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

71


Perkins India Private Limited: An Indian success story Perkins’ 150m USD investment in a state-of-the-art engine manufacturing facility in India is consistently delivering flawless quality to its customers. As the demand for electric power continues to grow in Asia, the region is now fully established as a key market for PerkinsŽ 4000 Series engines. What better place to serve the Asian market than one of India’s fastest growing cities, Aurangabad. Today Aurangabad is recognised as an important commercial hub, strategically located in Maharashtra, within the Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor and as such offers a myriad of resources, suppliers, skills and national transport links. It is for these very compelling reasons that Perkins committed to a 150 million USD investment project, in Aurangabad, to manufacture the 4000 Series diesel engine range. Before embarking on their investment journey Perkins set out the vision for success.

www.perkins.com

The strategy was; to have the highest global quality standards both in design and in their processes, to attract the best personnel from technical industries in India and to utilise a world class local supply base. Another key to success was to identify Aurangabad Engine Centre (AEC) as a supply base for Perkins customers in the greater Asia Pacific region, not just for India. AEC represents a convergence of skills and expertise. The project progressed at pace with the facility becoming operational in August 2015. It now has the capacity to produce 3,000 engines per year.


Global Managing Director for the 4000 Series, Richard Cotterell, said; ‘‘Our aim was to establish a world-class engine manufacturing facility equipped with state-of-the-art technology and proven innovative processes. At Perkins India we manufacture diesel engines of the highest quality with an unmatched level of service, catering not only to the Indian market but also to the rest of the world.’’ A ‘Zero Injury’ safety philosophy was adopted from the outset of the project with a comprehensive Safety Induction Program being administered to more than 16,000 personnel, resulting in over 10 million man-hours of injury free operation to date. The National Safety Council has acknowledged and commended this achievement as truly world class. During AEC’s official inauguration ceremony, held in November 2016, the Honourable Chief Minister of Maharashtra Shree Devendra Fadnavis commented; ‘‘This facility encapsulates the Make in India dream of our Honourable Prime Minister, to produce world class products with zero defects and zero effect. That resonates here. We could see the way the assembly line is designed – it’s absolutely faultless. The best quality is ensured here.’’

With a motivated team of over 500 local employees, operating in a safe working environment and taking advantage of an excellent local base of quality suppliers, Perkins India Pvt Ltd. has truly become a world-class global supplier of dependable diesel engines.

Data based analyses, Right First Time and Built in Quality are among some of the phrases commonly used in the manufacturing industry, for Perkins India Pvt Ltd. However they have become mantras for excellence, enabling Aurangabad to consistently adhere to Customer Shipment Dates (CSD) and As Delivered Quality (ADQ) since the very first day of engine production.

For more information email: IPSD_India@perkins.com


INDIA

The new Indian Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a destination-based tax on consumption of goods and services. It is proposed that GST will be levied at all stages from manufacture through to final consumption, with credit of taxes paid at previous stages available as set-off. Only value-addition will be taxed and the burden of tax is to be borne by the final consumer.


HOW TO DO BUSINESS IN INDIA www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

75


INDIA

Doing Business in India

How to do business in India Getting finance to fulfil an export contract to India

Schemes are available to UK companies selling products and services to India to make it easier to fulfil an export contract and grow your business. Contact your bank or specialist financial organisations for assistance.

UK Export Finance (UKEF) has significant risk capacity to support exports to India. Contact one of UKEF’s export finance advisers for free and impartial advice on your finance options: www.gov.uk/ government/publications/find-an-exportfinance-manager. Getting paid in India

You need to use secure terms of payment in India through a letter of credit or documentary collection via your bank. The other option is payment or partial payment in advance. Open account is not allowed in India.

Your contract should always clearly state the terms for delivery and payment of goods and services. Indian law does not regulate late payments, and settlement action through the courts can be expensive and take a long time. Find out more about managing money in India by visiting: www.ukibc.com/india-guide/how-india/ managing-money.

Transferring money from India There are exchange controls in India. Foreign currency money transfers from India are subject to restrictions under the FEMA. Legal considerations of doing business in India

The legal system in India is based on English common law and the judiciary is relatively independent. However, court delays can run to many years making litigation very expensive and lengthy.

Contact the DIT team in India to help find tax and legal advisers before entering into agreements. See the ‘Resources’ section of this guide for more information.

Contact: kevin.mccole@ukibc.com or richard.mccallum@ukibc.com at the UKIBC for research on IP and standards and technical regulations in India.

Controlled goods export licences for India You must have a licence to supply anything on the UK strategic export control lists to India.

Nuclear technology licence applications are considered against the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) trigger list and NSG dual-use list for nuclear transfers to India. This will be done on a case-by-case basis for all items destined for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguarded civil nuclear facilities in India.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Find out more about getting a licence to export military or dual use goods, services or technology to India by visiting: www.gov.uk/guidance/beginners-guide-toexport-controls. You can also find out about supplying goods on the UK export control list to India. Find out which products will need certification or licensing before they can be exported to India. Visit: www.gov.uk/starting-to-export/licences.

Import restrictions in India The Ministry of Commerce and Industry (MCI) in India lists goods where restrictions are imposed or import is not allowed. For more information, visit: www.dgft.gov.in.

Standards and technical regulations in India Imports of some products are subject to compliance with specified Indian quality standards. Manufacturers must obtain certification from the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) before exporting such goods to India. BIS does offer pre-certification subject to production inspections. See: www.bis.org.in. Around 109 products are subject to compliance with these standards, including: •

food preservatives and additives

certain electrical appliances

• • •

Find out more about the Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme (FMCS) by visiting: www.bis.org.in/ fmcs/index.asp.

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India maintains a Food Import Clearance System which can be accessed to understand the requirements for export of food to India. See: https://ics.fssai.gov.in/AOLogin.aspx

Intellectual property (IP) in India You must register your intellectual property in India to guard against potential infringement. Registration of patents and trademarks can take months and sometimes years, so you should plan well ahead.

If faced with infringement or piracy you should engage a local legal practitioner who understands the context and has experience of initiating appropriate civil or criminal proceedings.

Read guidance on how to protect and enforce your intellectual property rights in India at: www.gov.uk/government/ publications/intellectual-property-rights-inindia.

milk powder

some types of gas cylinders cement

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

77


INDIA

Doing Business in India

Taxes & tariffs in India

The Central Board of Excise and Customs provides information on Indian customs tariffs. India’s current customs regulations are guided by the Export Import Policy of 2012 to 2017. In addition to customs duties, a 1% handling fee is imposed. Indian customs regulations allow: • • •

temporary import of goods into India with drawback of some customs duty possible import of goods for use or display at exhibitions and trade fairs, subject to certain conditions countervailing duty (CVD), Customs Education/CESS and Special additional Duties may apply

[Source – UKIBC]

India has signed a Double Taxation Agreement with the UK. See: www.gov.uk/government/ publications/india-tax-treaties.

If you are registered for value added tax (VAT) you can zero-rate the VAT on most goods you export to India. You will need to get evidence of the export within 3 months from the time of sale. To find out more about VAT on exports to non-EU countries and zero-rating conditions, visit: www.gov.uk/guidance/ vat-exports-dispatches-and-supplyinggoods-abroad#vat-on-exports-to-noneu-countries.

Corporate taxation in India If you set up an office in India, corporate tax will apply.

Non-resident companies and branches of foreign companies are taxed at a rate of 40% plus other surcharges. Domestic companies and partnerships are charged at 30% plus surcharges.

India makes provision for advance rulings to guide investors and exporters on their tax liabilities, and on the customs and excise duty implications of transactions. India Goods and Services Tax (GST)

The new Indian Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a destination-based tax on consumption of goods and services. The tax accrues to the taxing authority which has jurisdiction over the place of consumption (also called the place of supply).

It is proposed that GST will be levied at all stages from manufacture through to final consumption, with credit of taxes paid at previous stages available as set-off. Only value-addition will be taxed and the burden of tax is to be borne by the final consumer. GST will replace existing taxes currently levied by the centre, such as Excise Duty, some customs duties (known as CVD), Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD), Service Tax, State VAT, Central Sales Taxes (such as Luxury Tax, Entry Tax), Entertainment and Amusement Tax, taxes on advertisements and taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling. Taxes, levies and fees that are not specifically related to supply of goods & services will not be subsumed under GST.

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


Some goods – such as the supply of alcohol for human consumption, and some petroleum products (petroleum crude, petrol, high-speed diesel, natural gas and aviation turbine fuel) – are temporarily excluded, and electricity too. These will continue to be taxed under the existing taxation system (VAT & Central Excise).

Introduction of the new GST has required amendments to the Indian Constitution so as to simultaneously empower both the centre and the states to levy and collect the tax.

Under the new GST regime, an Integrated GST (IGST) will be levied and collected by the centre on inter-state supply of goods and services. Imports of goods and services will be treated as inter-state supplies and IGST will be levied on the import of goods and services into the country. The incidence of tax will follow the destination principle and the tax revenue will accrue to the State where the imported goods and services are consumed. Full and complete set-off will be available on the GST paid on import of goods and services.

A Goods and Service Tax Network (GSTN) has been created to provide a shared IT infrastructure and services to central and state governments, taxpayers and other stakeholders for the implementation of GST. This network will facilitate registration, forward the returns to central and state authorities, calculate and settle IGST, match tax payment details with banking networks, provide various MIS reports to the central and state governments based on taxpayer returns and provide analysis of taxpayer profiles. By amalgamating a large number of central and state taxes into a single tax, it will pave the way for a common national market, and for consumers, the biggest gain will be in terms of a reduction in the overall tax burden on goods, currently estimated at 25%-30%.

Introduction of GST will also make products competitive in both domestic and international markets, which should instantly spur economic growth. There may also be revenue gain for the centre and the states due to widening of the tax base, increase in trade volumes and improved tax compliance. Last but not the least, this tax, because of its transparent character, will be easier to administer, with fewer rates and exemptions. Customs and documentation

Complying with HMRC regulations to export to India You must make export declarations to HMRC through the National Export System (NES) to export your goods to India.

Find out how to declare your exports through the NES to India at: www.gov.uk/guidance/export-declarationsand-the-national-export-system-exportprocedures.

You must classify your goods as part of the declaration, including a commodity code and a Customs Procedure Code (CPC). Find commodity codes and other measures applying to exports in the UK Trade Tariff: www.gov.uk/trade-tariff. Find out how to contact the HMRC Tariff Classification Service for more help: www.gov.uk/government/publications/ notice-600-classifying-your-imports-orexports/notice-600-classifying-yourimports-or-exports#list-of-useful-contacts.

You must declare any goods that you take with you in your baggage to sell outside the EU. For more information, see: www.gov.uk/take-goods-sell-abroad.

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

81


Founded in 1971, Kreston is currently the 12th largest accounting network in the world. As new markets develop and technology evolves, your business operates on an increasingly global scale, and when you’re branching out into the unknown, you can’t beat a bit of local knowledge. Our members leverage their network of local contacts to shape international solutions that are right for you and your business.

About us Kreston International is a global network of independent accounting firms. As trusted, long-term advisors, we combine expertise with empathy to help you achieve your organisational and business goals. With a Kreston member at your side, you reduce the learning curve and lower the risk of entering new markets. We guarantee one-to-one contact with our people, which means you stay in control of every decision.

A cohesive network of firms in more than 110 countries that is home to more than 21,000 dedicated professionals, Kreston gives you access to top-quality advice and exceptional service wherever in the world you happen to do business.

All our members know their local regulations and customs inside out. Combine that with their solid reputation and enviable contact book and there’s no doubt that we give your business the competitive edge.

Kreston Advantage Kreston not only offers the very best financial advice, but we also go beyond the traditional accountant role to a complete business solutions provider and work with you through thick and thin. When it comes to the really important things – the decisions that will shape your future – you need someone who really acts as an ally. A confidant. A friend. Whatever your business, accounting and consulting requirements, a Kreston member will be there to provide expert support.

Kreston India Kreston India is established with a commitment to ensure that services are provided objectively, maintain the highest ethical & professional standards with paramount emphasis on the interest of the clients.

Our client portfolio includes entrepreneurs, manufacturers, construction companies, service companies and retail among others; small and medium-size, as well as large companies. We are well equipped with a highly skilled, well trained and strongly motivated team including experienced / qualified professionals. To optimize skillsets, we operate with a facility of completely automated environment in office set up and modern infrastructure giving us strength to render comprehensive multidisciplinary


services. Our coverage through 25 offices covering 15 locations account for the length and breadth of the country and enables us to serve you and your ever expanding needs.

While our understanding of the Industry knowledge gives us the “Knowing You” advantage, our diverse service lines makes us advisors of choice, to deliver all services under one roof providing effective solutions. Some of the services provided by us include:

• • • • • • • • • •

Governance, Risk & Compliance ERP Implementation Financial Due Diligence Direct Taxation Advisory Transfer Pricing documentation and Advisory Indirect Taxation Advisory Transaction and Business Advisory Expatriate Services Corporate and Allied Laws Advisory Outsourcing Services

With our offices spread across India you can reach us out at:

In Mumbai Kreston SGCO Advisors LLP 4A, Kaledonia-HDIL, 2nd Floor, Sahar Road Near Andheri Station, Andheri (East) Mumbai – 400 069 Tel: +91 90 2900 5208 +91 9920537756 Email: sunil.goyal@krestonsgco.com OR: amit.ajmera@krestonsgco.com Visit us at: www.krestonsgco.com

In New Delhi Kreston SNR Advisors LLP A-15, 2nd Floor, Hauz Khas New Delhi – 110 016

Tel: +91 98 7348 5885 E-mail: manoj.sharma@krestonsnr.com OR:  raju.vyas@krestonsnr.com  Visit us at www.krestonsnr.com

New Delhi Kreston Verma Advisors LLP C-37, Connaught Place New Delhi – 110 001

Tel: +91 11 2341 5778 Email: pverma@krestonvermaco.com

In Bengaluru Kreston Rangamani Business Advisors (P) Ltd GR Plaza, 4th Floor, No.433,17th Cross Sector 4, HSR Layout Bengaluru – 560 102 Tel: +91 80 2572 5432 Email: chithra@krestonranagamani.com

In Kolkata Kreston GPA Consultants (India) LLP 7A, Kiran Shankar Ray Road Kolkata – 700 001 Tel: +91 33 2210 8203 Email: mail@krestongpa.com

In Vadodra Kreston OPR Advisors LLP 102-103 Shivani Flats Bh. Bank of India Subhanpura, Ellora Park Vadodra – 390 023 Gujarat

Tel: +91 98 2404 5166 +91 265 238 7747/ +91 265 238 7757 Email: vineet.rathi@krestonopadvisors.co.in

In Hyderabad Kreston PMurali Advisors (P) Ltd 6-3-655/2/3 Somajiguda Hyderabad – 500 082

Tel: +91 98 4804 5945 Email: krestonpmurali@gmail.com

In Chennai Kreston MKD LLP Third Floor, No.185, Poonamallee High Road, Kilapauk, Chennai – 600 010

Tel: +91 44 4351 2466 Tel: +91 9663692392 / 9445566386 Email: vignesh@krestonmkd.com


INDIA

Doing Business in India

Temporary export of goods to India You can use an Admissions Temporaire (ATA) Carnet to simplify the customs procedures needed to take goods into India temporarily. For more information, see: www.gov.uk/taking-goods-out-uktemporarily. You need an export licence to take dual use goods to India, temporarily. Use the SPIRE system to apply for a temporary export licence: www.spire.trade.gov.uk/spire/fox/ espire/LOGIN/login.

Customs in India The Central Board of Excise and Customs provides information on Indian customs tariffs. India’s current customs regulations are guided by the Foreign Trade Policy 2015 to 2020. See: www.cbec.gov.in/index. You can find more about import tariffs in the Market Access Database: http://madb.europa.eu/madb/ indexPubli.htm.

Your goods should be appropriately packed for India. Packages may receive heavy handling and be left in the open air for longer than anticipated, so you must take into account India’s climate.

Documentation required for exporting to India Mandatory documents required for import of goods: •

bill of lading or airway bill

bill of entry

commercial invoice cum packing list

The MCI publishes a listing of restricted and prohibited items. See: www.dgft.gov.in.

Exporting will involve paperwork for transport, customs clearance, insurance and payments. According to the British Chambers of Commerce you will be typically be required to complete 11 documents to export to India. These must be dealt with in detail and may take more time and resources than you expect. At first you may want to hire a consultant to help with the paperwork whilst your export volumes grow and you build up the necessary in-house skills and resources.

The documents required will depend on the products you export to India. Apart from the documentation required for the transportation of goods, insurance and payment mechanism you may also need a clear written contract which covers at least the following: • • • •

where and when the goods will be delivered

who arranges transport and insuring of goods who handles customs procedures and pays any duties and taxes currency of payment and what payment method will be used

Export documentation such as:

• •

know your customer (KYC)

GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) / DGFT (Directorate General of Foreign Trade) declaration

Visit the Website and download the free Mobile App


purchase order / letter of credit

bill of entry

• • •

bill of lading / airway bill

commercial invoice and packing list

technical write up for specific goods if any

In addition to the documents mentioned above, documents may be required for the export of certain specific goods. Your customer in India should tell you what paperwork they require at their end and some of the paperwork can be arranged by your importer in India.

Export licence requirements Although the majority of goods can be shipped to India without an export licence, for certain goods the receiver should hold a special import permission or licence from the Government of India. A list of those can be found at the website of Directorate General of Foreign Trade. [Source – UKIBC]

Standards, certifications and labelling requirements The standards followed in India are generally in line with international norms and most are harmonised with International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) standards. However, imports of some 109 products are subject to compliance with specified Indian quality standards. To remain compliant with the law, manufacturers of these products must obtain certification from Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) before exporting such goods to India, see: dgft.gov.in. Labelling requirements in India require that all imported pre-packaged commodities, intended for direct retail sale, must carry the following declarations on the label: •

• •

generic or common name of the commodity packed for import

net quantity in terms of standard unit of weights and measurement – in metric

month and year of packaging in which the item is manufactured, packed or imported maximum retail sales price (MRP) at which the goods, in packaged form, may be sold to the end consumer

It is important to remember that consignments to India should be appropriately packed. Packages may receive heavy handling and be left in the open air for longer than anticipated. Remember much of India has a hot and humid climate, as well as seasonal extremes such as the monsoons.

Labelling requirements in India All imported pre-packaged commodities intended for direct retail sale must include specific information on the label.

Declarations may be printed in English or Hindi. All imported goods as well as transport documents must show standard units of measurement and weight.

You must comply with these requirements for your consignment to be cleared by customs in India.

Slightly different arrangements apply to pre-packaged commodities such as raw materials or components that need further processing before they are sold to consumers.

[Source – UKIBC]

name and address of the registered importer

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

85


Doing Business in India

Shipping your goods to India

If you are not knowledgeable about international shipping procedures you can use a freight forwarder to move your goods. A forwarder will have extensive knowledge of documentation requirements, regulations, transportation costs and banking practices in India.

Find freight forwarding companies to help you transport your goods to India via the British International Freight Association (BIFA) at: www.bifa.org/home; or the Freight Transport Association (FTA): www.fta.co.uk.

Selling and distribution Before you start exporting to India, you will need to make a few fundamental choices about selling and distribution. There are four main ways in which to sell your product or service: selling direct, selling through local agents or distributors, contractual methods and setting up an overseas site.

Posting goods to India Find out about sending goods by post to India from Royal Mail at: www.royalmail.com/india.

Shipping dangerous goods to India Special rules apply if you are shipping dangerous goods to India. For more information, see: www.gov.uk/shippingdangerous-goods/what-are-dangerousgoods.

Terms of delivery to India Your contract should include agreement on terms of delivery using Incoterms. Visit: http://iccwbo.org/resources-for-business/ incoterms-rules/ for more information. [Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

An agent is an individual or firm you employ to sell your product or service. A distributor, on the other hand, buys your product from you and then sells it on to the end users. It is important to find the right representative, who is familiar with the local market and can help you find customers, distribution channels and handle documentation. In addition to market research UK India Business Council (UKIBC) also offer an introductions service where they can help you identify and qualify relevant contacts in the Indian market.

[Source – UKIBC]

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

87


INDIA

If you have not fixed your exchange rate you have not fixed your price. You should consider whether the best option for you is to agree terms in Sterling, US Dollars or Indian Rupees in any contract. You should also consider getting expert financial advice on exchange rates.

Gateway of India & the Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, Mumbai


WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES? www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

89


What are the challenges? Challenges and risks of doing business in India

India is a price-competitive market and price is an important consideration for consumers. You will be expected to negotiate on the price for your goods and to discount.

You must check what the import duty is for your product in India to see if your export is viable. It is likely to be a minimum of 35% once all additional taxes are included. You should be aware of: • •

• • • • • • •

multiple religious, ethnic and annual variations in holiday timings, requiring careful planning for business trips

barriers to trade and investment in some sectors because of regulatory constraints, local sourcing requirements and import tariffs intellectual property protection (IP)

risk of delays due to administrative requirements difficulty of land acquisition

access to the right skills in the local workforce

infrastructure challenges, including for distribution and logistics extremely hot weather in summer and wet weather in the monsoon season can affect business

You should ensure you take the necessary steps to comply with the requirements of the UK Bribery Act. See: www.gov.uk/ government/publications/bribery-act-2010guidance. Read the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s (FCO) Overseas Business Risk report for India: www.gov.uk/government/ publications/overseas-business-risk-india/ overseas-business-risk-india. [Source – www.gov.uk/guidance/exportingto-india]

Payment risks in India

UKEF helps UK companies get paid by insuring against buyer default.

Be confident you will get paid for your export contract. Speak to one of UKEF’s export finance advisers for free and impartial advice on your insurance options or contact one of UKEF’s approved export insurance brokers: www.gov.uk/ government/publications/uk-exportfinance-insurance-list-of-approvedbrokers/export-insurance-approvedbrokers.

Currency risks in India If you have not fixed your exchange rate you have not fixed your price. You should consider whether the best option for you is to agree terms in Sterling, US Dollars or Indian Rupees in any contract. You should also consider getting expert financial advice on exchange rates (sometimes called FX).

risk of bribery and corruption

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

91


INDIA

India has opportunities in all sectors as it expands and develops. It is a price sensitive market, but there is a natural fit between the UK and Indian economies. UK companies offer goods, technology, services and expertise in the areas that India has identified as critical for rapid economic development


RESOURCES www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

93


What does membership of the Institute of Export & International Trade mean?

To most the Institute of Export & International Trade simply plods away providing much needed qualifications to professionalise the industry however, did you realise that our helpline is one of the busiest and best in the industry? It’s all part of membership and, if you need more than a phone call, we can put together a project to fulfil your needs. 2015 saw the launch of our Technical Help for Exporters that recognises the volume of legislation and regulation that covers our industry and gives you the comfort of knowing that if you don’t know, you know someone who does!

Innovation is key to the success of the Institute and new ideas include our New Exporter package. This allows a business to enter a new market secure in the knowledge that they have an understanding of how they will operate and comply with any specific regulations and standards. Practical help and assistance is always available from the Institute so any additional training can be tailored to the business and the team that needs the knowledge. The work of the IOE&IT also extends to representing membership views. Knowledge gained from our members’ feedback, those who get involved with

the forums and Special Interest Groups, and those who attend our training courses or study with us, enables us to represent the industry at government levels in both the process and delivery of policy for international trade. These views also help us to ensure that the training programmes are effective and pertinent to the industry needs. Our Diploma in World Customs Compliance and Regulation is testament to the way we listen to our members’ needs. This was driven by Nissan, Adidas, John Lewis and many others and will neatly dovetail into any AEO work ensuring that quality standards are met at manager and junior staffing levels.


www.export.org.uk

Starting in 1935, the Institute committed itself to building competence and growing confidence for businesses trading in goods and services, which at the time, was a far reaching remit. Over the years this remit has seen us develop from simply providing training in short course format over a day, or perhaps two, into a fully-fledged Ofqual Awarding Organisation that operates specifically to deliver international trade education.

This status allows our individual members and corporates alike to be sure that they are part of a quality organisation with plans for growth integrated with a sustainable future for the global prosperity of UKPlc.

Part of our work includes mapping existing qualifications to roles and producing training needs analyses to ensure staffing progression and continuity. The need to upskill our workforce to match those of our competitors is a key element vital for growth. Our focus is on recognising that International trade needs specific knowledge, coupled with a strong belief that we must start to talk to

our young people at an earlier stage. We need to engage the next generation in thinking about how world trade works and how it will be great for British businesses. They need to know how items arrive in the shops which, in turn, will begin to spark ideas. As these young people join companies they will bring a fresh outlook that all things are possible especially if you operate globally.

Why not call us and get involved? It has never been more important that we act as an industry to help – we need experts and commitment to professionalising international trade from businesses large and small – help your institute to stay ahead of the curve. Institute of Export & International Trade Export House Minerva Business Park, Lynch Wood, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, PE2 6FT, UK Telephone: +44(0)1733 - 404400 Fax: +44(0)1733 - 404444


Lesley Batchelor OBE, FIEx (Grad) – Director General, Institute of Export & International Trade

Focusing on qualifications. A focus on qualifications - but why do we need them?

I’d like to tell you about my story, it’s ok it won’t take too long but I think it’s similar to a lot of people that work in international trade.

I left school with no ambition to do anything other than help my mum make ends meet. I wanted to be a seamstress but we couldn’t afford the material for the interview so I went into an accounts department at a large pharmaceutical company. Luckily for me they recognised a hard worker and asked me to work in various departments. After a year they asked me which one I like the best and without even thinking I said “international”, and that was my career set out for me. Working in international trade I found that I needed to understand so many different things - from how trade agreements impacted a sale to the legal aspects of trade and how different systems worked in terms of contract and disputes. Getting paid brought about a whole new set of issues and this really made me learn and think about the implications of offering credit and how it can be used to your advantage. Things I learnt about logistics and the paperwork that was needed to support a trade were empirical and slowly I became sure of my knowledge. The problem was, that when I wanted to move on to the next company, I had nothing to show I had that knowledge. It was frustrating to find that the knowledge that I had accumulated over 11 years wasn’t evidenced in any way and that no-one knew exactly what I knew. I was lucky enough to get my next job with a well-known Japanese computer company but it made me realise that if I wanted a career, I needed to get qualified.

So I spent the next two years, two nights a week at night school honing my skills and building a knowledge and understanding of all aspects of the trade I had entered “by the back door”. Finally, exhausted but with a full understanding of how planning and control worked, I passed and became a Graduate Member of the Institute of Export & International Trade, suffix MIEx (Grad) in 1991.

Well, many things have changed since then, as after many years of working in international trade, I took over at the helm, steering the qualifications and the Institute towards a better place. We have now gained Ofqual Awarding Organisation status for the qualifications and have worked hard on ensuring we are ready for the next 80 years of representing the industry and standing as guardian of professional standards in international trade.

OFQUAL* awarding status is hard earned and we are proud to be the only professional body operating in this international trade environment.


IOE&IT Qualifications in brief www.export.org.uk/page/qualifications Level 1

Level 2

Level 3 Level 4

Level 5 Level 6

Young International Trader (Available electronically) International Trade Logistic Operations ** Certificate of International Trade Certified International Trade Adviser Advanced Certificate in International Trade Diploma in International Trade Diploma in World Customs Compliance and Regulations Foundation Degree jointly delivered with ***Anglia Ruskin University Higher Apprenticeship in International Trade - the first so far.

Our courses at level 3 onwards are delivered online using a blended learning technique which involves the support of an expert tutor for each topic. The IOE&IT online campus offers a range of learning tools, from power-point presentations and videos to online chats and forums for the students. The Institute has a success rate of 95% in helping our students through these academic programmes.

The Advanced Certificate in International Trade - Elective modules have been added to the level 4 Advanced Certificate syllabus. In addition to the three core modules of Business Environment, Market Research & Marketing and Finance of International Trade, students can now choose a fourth elective module from:

a. International Physical Distribution b. Selling Services, Skills and Software Overseas c. Or one of: i.

Doing business & communicating in Arabic speaking markets ii. Doing business & communicating in Spanish speaking markets iii. Doing business & communicating in German markets iv. Doing business & communicating in Chinese markets v. Doing business & communicating in Russian markets

The series of modules above carry language skills training, the focus being on basic business language needed and business culture Finally, eBusiness internationally will be launched summer 2016.

The Diploma in International Trade level 5 is equivalent to the second year of a degree and is accepted as entry level for:-

BSc (Hons) in Management Practice International Trade with Plymouth University -Online 24 months

MSc International Trade, Strategy and Operations with Warwick University - 36 months part residential

www.export.org.uk/page/qualifications will give you more detail and a contact who will talk you through your options.

*The OFQUAL Register of Regulated Qualifications contains details of Recognised Awarding Organisations and Regulated Qualifications in England (Ofqual), Wales (Welsh Government) and Northern Ireland (Ofqual for vocational qualifications and CCEA Accreditation for all other qualifications). ** International Trade Logistic Operations is delivered through our approved centres *** Anglia Ruskin University is Entrepreneurial University of the Year


The British High Commission in India is responsible for developing and maintaining relations between the UK and India. Find out what services are available in Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Goa, Chandigarh, Hyderabad, and Kolkata.

Urgent assistance If you are in India and you urgently need consular assistance (e.g. if you have been attacked, arrested or there has been a death), call +91 (11) 2419 2100. If you are in the UK and concerned about a British national in India, contact us on 020 7008 1500.

Get an emergency travel document You can apply for an emergency travel document if you are abroad and your passport has been lost or stolen, damaged or expired, and you cannot get a new or replacement passport in time to travel. See: www.gov.uk/renew-adult-passport If you are due to travel in the next 24 hours, contact the British High Commission in New Delhi as soon as possible. Apply online for an emergency travel document if you: • • •

are over 16 years old and are a British citizen and have previously owned a British passport

over 16 years old but have not owned a British passport before or not a British citizen or applying for a child under 16 years old

Contact the High Commission to apply for an emergency travel document if you are: • •

Once you have contacted them, you will be advised to make an appointment to apply for an emergency travel document at British High Commission in New Delhi, here: www.consular-appointments.service.gov.uk/ fco/#!/british-high-commission-new-delhi/ issuing-an-emergency-travel-document/ slot_picker

Get a visa The British High Commission cannot help with visa enquiries. If you are not a British national, you may need a visa to travel to the UK. Check if you need a UK visa, here: www.gov.uk/check-uk-visa If you are a British national travelling abroad and need to apply for a visa to visit a particular country or check if you need a visa, see the entry requirements on our foreign travel advice for the country you want to visit, see: www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice

For more information on visas, see UK visas and immigration, see: www.gov.uk/government /organisations/uk-visas-and-immigration

Notarial and documentary services For legal reasons, they are unable to carry out notarial acts in Commonwealth countries. This includes certifying documents as true copies of originals, administering oaths or taking affidavits. For these or other notarial acts, you should contact a local notary.

A standard letter is available to confirm that they do not offer these services in India. See the full list of documentary services we provide in India, here: www.gov.uk/ guidance/notarial-and-documentaryservices-guide-for-india

Local service providers Use their list of local suppliers and services if you need help in India. Please note that inclusion in this list does not constitute official endorsement by the British High Commission or the UK Government. •

medical facilities and practitioners: www.gov.uk/government/publications/ india-list-of-hospitals


How else they can help In addition to the services listed above they can also: • provide information about transferring funds • provide appropriate help if you have suffered rape or serious assault, are a victim of other crime, or are in hospital • help people with mental illness • offer support and help in a range of other cases, such as child abductions, missing people and kidnapping • contact family or friends for you if you want • make special arrangements in cases of terrorism, civil disturbances or natural disasters or other crises abroad

For more information on the services we can provide, see Support for British nationals abroad: A guide: www.gov.uk/government/ publications/support-for-british-nationals-abroad-a-guide

Consular fees The British High Commission in New Delhi charge fees for some of their services. If you are paying in Indian Rupees they can only accept notes that are legal tender, not 500 and 1000 rupee notes that have been withdrawn from circulation. See the full list of consular fees in India, here: www.gov.uk/ government/publications/india-consular-fees Contact us

British High Commission New Delhi Shantipath, Chanakyapuri , New Delhi 110021 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)

British Deputy High Commission Mumbai Naman Chambers, C/32 G Block Bandra Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai 400 051 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 (22) 66502222 Emergency telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)

British Deputy High Commission Chennai British Deputy High Commission Chennai 20 Anderson Road, Chennai 600 006 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk

General telephone: +91 (44) 4219 2151 Emergency telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)

British Deputy High Commission Ahmedabad Courtyard by Marriott, Ramdev Nagar, Satellite, Gujarat, Ahmedabad 380015 India Email: DHC.Ahmedabad@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day) Emergency telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)

British Deputy High Commission Bengaluru British Deputy High Commission Bengaluru Prestige Takt, 23 Kasturba Road Cross Bengaluru 560 001 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 (80) 2210 0200 Emergency telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)

British Deputy High Commission Chandigarh 178-178A, Elante Business Park, Unit C516, Fifth Floor, Industrial Area Phase 1 Chandigarh 160002 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 82 8800 9897 Emergency telephone: +91 11 2419 2100

British Deputy High Commission Hyderabad 2nd Floor, Taj Deccan Hotel, Road No.1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500 034 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 (40) 6666 9147 / 48 Emergency telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)

British Deputy High Commission Kolkata British Deputy High Commission Kolkata 1A Ho Chi Minh Sarani, Kolkata 700071 India Email: web.newdelhi@fco.gov.uk General telephone: +91 (33) 2288 5172 / 2288 5173-76 Emergency telephone: +91 (11) 2419 2100 (24 hrs a day)


SUPPORTING ORGANISATIONS

The Institute of Export & International Trade Export House Minerva Business Park Lynch Wood Peterborough PE2 6FT, UK Tel: +44 (0) 1733 404400

Website: www.export.org.uk In the past five years, we have provided:

• •

b

s UK Export Finance e is the UK’s exportt credit agency, serving UK companies of

all sizes. We help by providing insurance to exporters and guarantees to banks to share the risks of providing export finance. In addition, we can make loans to overseas buyers of goods and services from the UK.

e

.

£14 billion worth of support for UK exports; direct support for more than 300 customers supported directly, with many thousands more benefiting through export supply chains; nearly 2000 individual guarantees, loans or insurance policies.

UK Export Finance is the operating name of the Export Credits Guarantee Department (ECGD).

For more information and to arrange a free consultation with an Export Finance Adviser, visit: www.gov.uk/government/organisations/uk-export-finance

New business enquiries:

Telephone: +44 (0)20 7271 8010 Email: customer.service@ukef.gsi.gov.uk

British Expertise 23 Grafton Street, London W1S 4EY

Tel: +44 (0)20 7824 1920 Fax: +44 (0)20 7824 1929

www.britishexpertise.org E

+

0


Department for International Trade (DIT): If you have a specific enquiry about the market which is not addressed by the nformation in this guide, you may contact:

Email: enquiries@trade.gsi.gov.uk Tel: +44 (0)20 7215 5000 Fax: +44 (0)141 228 3693 www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ department-for-international-trade

Department for International Trade (DIT) Enquiry Service: Tel: +44 (0)20 7215 5000 Email: enquiries@trade.gsi.gov.uk

Otherwise contact a DIT team in India directly for more information and advice on opportunities for doing business in India: Department for International Trade Delhi British High Commission Shantipath, New Delhi. Chanakyapuri 110021 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (11) 2419 2100

Department for International Trade Ahmedabad British Deputy High Commission Ahmedabad Courtyard by Marriott Hotel Ramdevnagar, Satellite, Ahmedabad Gujarat 380015 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 79 2646 7138

Department for International Trade Chennai British Deputy High Commission 20 Anderson Road, Chennai 600 006 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (44) 42192151

Department for International Trade Hyderabad British Deputy High Commission 2nd Floor, Taj Deccan Hotel, Road No.1 Hyderabad, Banjara Hills 500034 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (40) 6666 9147

Department for International Trade Kolkata British Deputy High Commission 1A Ho Chi Minh Sarani, Kolkata 700 071 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (33) 2288 5172-76 Department for International Trade Mumbai British Deputy High Commission 11th floor, Naman Chambers C/32, G Block, Bandra Kurla Complex Mumbai, Bandra (E) 400 051 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (22) 6650 2222

Department for International Trade Pune British Trade Office 5th Floor, 505 B-Wing, MCCIA Trade Tower International Convention Centre Complex 403 - A, Senapati Bapat Road, Pune 411 016 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (20) 2563 1580

Department for International Trade Bengaluru British Deputy High Commission Prestige Takt, 23 Kasturba Road Cross Bangalore 560001 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 (80) 22100200 www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

103

SUPPORTING ORGANISATIONS

Department for International Trade Chandigarh British Deputy High Commission 178-178A, Business and Industrial Complex Unit C516, Tower C, Phase I, Industrial Area Chandigarh 160002 India Email: ditindia@fco.gov.uk Enquiries: +91 82 8800 9897


SUPPORTING ORGANISATIONS

UK India Business Council (UKIBC) Locations in England:

London – UK Head Office 12th Floor, Millbank Tower 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP Email: enquiries@ukibc.com Tel: +44 (0)20 7592 3040 / +44 (0)800 0196 176

North International Trade Centre Churchgate House, 56 Oxford Street Manchester M60 7HJ Email: steve.toogood@ukibc.com Tel: +44 (0)7964 401 467 / +44 (0)8451 300 245

Midlands 12th Floor, Millbank Tower 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP Email: stuart.muir@ukibc.com Tel: +44 (0)7468 860 938 / +44 (0)800 0196 176

South 12th Floor, Millbank Tower 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP Email: siddharth.mukne@ukibc.com Tel: +44 (0)7468 860 939 / +44 (0)800 0196 176

Locations in India:

Gurgaon 16th Floor, Tower 9A Cyber City, DLF City Phase II Gurgaon Haryana – 122002 Email: enquiriesindia@ukibc.com Telephone: +91 (0) 124 4155 700

Bangalore Concorde Towers, UB City 1 Vittal Mallya Road, Level 14 & 15 Bengaluru, Karnataka 560001 Email: enquiriesindia@ukibc.com Telephone: +91 (0)80 7145 5800

Mumbai Trade Centre G/F & 1st Floor Bandra East, Mumbai Maharashtra 400051 Email: enquiriesindia@ukibc.com Telephone: +91 (0)22 7111 8500

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) The Mantosh Sondhi Centre 23 Institutional Area, Lodi Road New Delhi - 110 003 (India)

Tel: +91 11 45771000 / 24629994-7 Fax: +91 11 24626149 Email: info@cii.in www.cii.in


Air India

11th Floor, Great West House Great West Road Brentford Middlesex TW8 9DF Tel: 020 8231 8765 Email: sales@airindiauk.com Website: www.airindia.in

Language Services AST Language Services Ltd

Unit 8, Ayr Street, Nottingham NG7 4FX United Kingdom Tel:+44 (0)115 970 5633 Fax: +44 (0)845 051 8780 Email:office@astls.co.uk www.astlanguage.com

Production House Farazad Productions One Mayfair Place Devonshire House Mayfair London W1J 8AJ United Kingdom

Tel: +44 203 205 7327 Email: info@farazadproductions.com

MARKET ExPERTS

Airline


MARKET ExPERTS

Intellectual Property / Business Advisory IP Dome Strategy Advisors Pvt. Ltd. No.08, First Floor Ega Trade Centre 809, Poonamallee High Road Kilpauk, Chennai-600010, India

Tel: +91-44-42116559 Email: patentengineer@ipdome.in

Contact Name: Hariprasad Karnam (+91-9841730474)

Accountants / Professional Business Services Kreston

With our offices spread across India you can reach us out at: In Mumbai Kreston SGCO Advisors LLP 4A, Kaledonia-HDIL, 2nd Floor, Sahar Road Near Andheri Station, Andheri (East) Mumbai – 400 069

Tel: +91 90 2900 5208 / +91 9920537756 Email: sunil.goyal@krestonsgco.com OR: amit.ajmera@krestonsgco.com Website: www.krestonsgco.com

In New Delhi Kreston SNR Advisors LLP A-15, 2nd Floor, Hauz Khas New Delhi – 110 016

Tel: +91 98 7348 5885 Email: manoj.sharma@krestonsnr.com OR: raju.vyas@krestonsnr.com Website: www.krestonsnr.com For full contact details page 82-83


Maier+Vidorno

M+V Market Development Services Pvt. Ltd. Plot No 52 Udyog Vihar Phase-VI, Sector-37 Gurgaon 122001 India Tel: +91 124 412 1600 Email: info@maiervidorno.com Website: www.maiervidorno.com

Project Management / Design Engineering Consultancy Services / Infrastructure Mott MaDonald

5/6th Floor Logix Techno Park Tower C, Plot 5, Sector 127 Noida 201301 Uttar Pradesh India

Tel: +91 (0)12 0254 3582 Email: managingdirector.india@mottmac.com Website: www.mottmac.com Liz King Managing Director - India

Law / Legal Services

No5 Barristers’ Chambers Fountain Court Steelhouse Lane Birmingham B4 6DR

Tel: +44 (0) 845 210 5555 Fax: +44 (0) 121 606 1501 Email: info@no5.com Website: www.no5.com

Chief Executive & Director of Clerking: Tony McDaid

MARKET ExPERTS

Case Study


MARKET ExPERTS

Facilities Management OCS Group Ltd UK office:

Tilgate Forest Business Park Brighton Road Crawley RH11 9BP

Tel: +44-208-651-3211 (mob: +44-7884-293091) Email: steve.buckley@ocs-group.com Website: www.ocs.com

India office: OCS Group India Pvt. Ltd.

MBC Centre, Ghodbunder Road Kapurbawdi Thane West, Mumbai 400607

Tel: +91-22-40081717 (32 LINES) Fax: +91-22-25451077 Email: adnya.khedekar@ocs.co.uk / merlin.muthumani@ocs.co.uk Website: www.ocs-india.co.in Contact person: Ms. Adnya Khedekar / Ms.Merlin Muthumani

Case Study – Diesel and Gas Engines Manufacturer Perkins Engines Company Limited

Perkins Sales Office Floor 6, Tower ‘B’ Prestige Shantiniketan The Business Precinct, Whitefield Main Road Bangalore 560048 India Email: IPSD_India@perkins.com Website: www.perkins.com

Contact name: Pankaj Jha, India General Sales Manager


Regus

Regus Business Centre Pvt. Ltd. Level 2, Raheja Centre Point 294 CST Road Santacruz (east) Mumbai – India 400098

For international callers: +91-22-40260000 For callers from India: 1800 209 4949 Email: harsh.lambah@regus.com Website: www.regus.co.in Contact: Harsh Lambah

Banking / Financial Services

State Bank of India 15 King Street London EC2V 8EA

Tel: +44 (0) 800 532 532 Website: www.sbiuk.com ICT / Telecommunications Services Vodafone India Limited

Vodafone India headquarters: Vodafone India Limited Peninsula Corporate Park Ganpatrao Kadam Marg Lower Parel Mumbai - 40013 India

Contact us: 1800 123 123 123 Website: www.vodafone.in/business

MARKET ExPERTS

Office Solutions / Office Services


Useful links

Country information: BBC Website: news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/country_profiles/

Export Control Organisation (ECO): : www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ export-control-organisation

Culture and communications: ICC – National Centre for Languages – Regional Language Network in your area: www.ICC-languages.eu/

National Physical Laboratory: www.npl.co.uk

FCO Country Profile: www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice

Customs and regulations: HM Revenue & Customs: www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ hm-revenue-customs

Economic information: The Economist: www.economist.com/topics

Trading Economics: www.tradingeconomics.com

Export control: Export Control Organisation: www.gov.uk/guidance/beginners-guide-toexport-controls

Export finance and insurance: British Insurance Brokers Association (BIBA): www.biba.org.uk

UK Export Finance (formerly ECGD): www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ uk-export-finance Intellectual Property: Intellectual Property Office: www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ intellectual-property-office

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO): www.wipo.int/treaties/en/text.jsp?file_ id=288514 Standards and technical regulations: British Standards Institution (BSI): www.bsigroup.com/en-GB

International Property Rights Index: www.internationalpropertyrightsindex.org/ countries

Trade statistics: HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC): www.uktradeinfo.com/statistics/Pages/ Statistics.aspx National Statistics Information: www.gov.uk/government/statistics/ announcements Office for National Statistics: www.ons.gov.uk Trade shows: DIT Events Portal: www.events.trade.gov.uk

Travel advice: FCO Travel: www.gov.uk/browse/abroad

FCO Foreign Travel Insurance: www.gov.uk/guidance/foreign-travelinsurance Healthcare abroad: Travel health: www.travelhealth.co.uk

TravelHealthPro: www.travelhealthpro.org.uk/countries

NHS (Scotland): www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/destinations.aspx

NHS Choices: www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/Healthcareabroad/Pages/Healthcareabroad.aspx International trade: British Chambers of Commerce (BCC): www.britishchambers.org.uk


British Council: www.britishcouncil.org

British Expertise: www.britishexpertise.org/bx/pages/bx.php Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI): www.cpni.gov.uk

Confederation of British Industry (CBI): www.cbi.org.uk

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS): www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ department-for-business-energy-andindustrial-strategy

Department for International Trade (DIT): www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ department-for-international-trade DIT e-exporting programme: www.gov.uk/guidance/e-exporting Export Britain: exportbritain.org.uk

Overseas business risk: www.gov.uk/government/collections/ overseas-business-risk Trade Tariff: www.gov.uk/trade-tariff

Transparency International: www.transparency.org

UK Visas: www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ uk-visas-and-immigration World Bank Group economy rankings: www.doingbusiness.org/rankings World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report: www.weforum.org/reports/globalcompetitiveness-report-2014-2015 Indian websites: Reserve Bank of India: www.rbi.org.in

Exporting is GREAT: www.export.great.gov.uk/

Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO): www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ foreign-commonwealth-office Institute of Directors (IoD): www.iod.com

Institute of Export & International Trade (IOE&IT): www.export.org.uk International Monetary Fund (IMF): www.imf.org/external/index.htm

Market Access database: www.madb.europa.eu/madb/indexPubli.htm Open to Export: opentoexport.com

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD): www.oecd.org

Ministry of Corporate Affairs: www.mca.gov.in

Directorate General of Foreign Trade: www.dgft.gov.in Bureau of Indian Standards: www.bis.org.in

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India: https://ics.fssai.gov.in/AOLogin.aspx Central Board of Excise and Custom: www.cbec.gov.in

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

111


ABOUT US Launched in 2007, Start Up Overseas has become the definitive online resource for companies who are looking to expand internationally, export products or set up overseas operations. We have all the information you will need to trade in 60 countries.

LOOKING FOR HELP DOING BUSINESS IN INDIA? You are not alone. In January 2017, 29,064 companies used Start Up Overseas to find up to date information – and to find service providers who could help.

WHY DO COMPANIES USE START UP OVERSEAS? •

Country Guides – the essential information you will need to trade on foreign soil.

Business Directory – A helpful directory giving you the tools and contacts to run your business overseas.

Ask the Expert – Experts are waiting to answer your questions

Start Up Overseas Forum – Join our virtual community. Share knowledge & advice with people facing similar issues to you.

Editors News – Subscribe to our free newsletter, and keep completely up to date with all the developments in international trade.


CONTACTUS To contact the sales team: simon@startupoverseas.co.uk To contact the editorial team: caroline@startupoverseas.co.uk If you have any general questions email using the above details or call us on: +44 (0)117 907 3520. See more at: www.startupoverseas.co.uk/aboutus

www.startupoverseas.co.uk


Doing Business in India

Trade shows

A trade show is a method of promoting a business through the exhibition of goods and services, an organised exhibition of products, based on a central theme, where manufacturers meet to show their products to potential buyers.

Taking part in overseas exhibitions is an effective way for you to test markets, attract customers, appoint agents or distributors and make sales. DIT's Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) provides grant support for eligible SME firms to attend trade shows overseas.

Participation is usually as part of a group, a great advantage for inexperienced businesses, and is usually led by one of DIT's Accredited Trade Associations (ATOs). ATOs work with DIT to raise the profile of UK groups and sectors at key exhibitions.

IOE&IT’s events: www.export.org.uk/events/event_ list.asp 10 Times (formerly BizTradeShows.com): 10times.com/india

British Expertise Events: www.britishexpertise.org/bx/ pages/bx_events.php

EventsEye.com online database: www.eventseye.com DIT online events search facility: www.events.trade.gov.uk

www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

117


Simon Chicken – Event Director of Going Global Live: Europe’s leading event for expanding your business overseas Hi Simon, can you tell us about how Going Global Live started? The Prysm Group had been running The Business Show for 10 years. TheBusiness Show is Europe’s largest event helping UK based companies grow domestically. It became apparent that many of our 20,000+ visitors were looking to expand internationally. There was a need, and there was a gap in the market, so we launched Going Global Live at ExCeL in November 2014, and we’ve done 2 events each year ever since. Going Global Live takes place twice a year, in May and November. For more information including event dates, visit the website at: www.goinggloballive.co.uk

What can people expect to find at Going Global Live? Think of it as a trade show and conference. Visitors who come to the event will get up to date advice from world leading experts on the most attractive markets and overseas opportunities, and be able to speak to suppliers & service providers who can help with the challenging project of international expansion.

Why is it important for SMEs to attend the event? Research has shown businesses are 11% more likely to survive if they export their products, Great Britain is currently in a fantastic position where we have good trade deals in place and British products are in high demand. At Going Global Live we put all the suppliers and services companies will need to meet in order for them to achieve international expansion, all under one roof. Trying to meet with all of these people would take years to arrange and do, at the event you can do it in 2 days! If you are serious about taking your business to the next level, the event is a must attend.


If you were to start trading in a new market, which country would that be and why? Iran. This is a massive market which is just opening up, and I would want to get there before my competitors. More importantly, I need an excuse to put a trip to Shiraz on business expenses. A city that is famous for poetry, roses and wine needs to be visited. I’m guessing the food is unbelievable too.

Finally, what are you aims going forward? We’ve reached a point where the event has firmly established itself. Visitors leave our events with advice and knowledge they need to grow their company’s further, however we still feel the event can reach a whole new height. So we’re expanding the team and increasing the size of the exhibition. The show has the potential to be four times the size it is now, in terms number of exhibitors, seminars, and visitors at the event.


Get c connected onnected

BACK BA ACK 2 BUSINE BUSINESS SS JOINT INTERNA INTERNATIONAL ATIONAL TIONAL TRA TRADE NETW NETWORKING ORKING®

s-int.com w www.back2business-int.com ww.back2busines .back2busi #back2busines sint #back2businessint inf fo@ffarazadproductions.com info@farazadproductions.com


www.India.DoingBusinessGuide.co.uk

121


INDIA

Disclaimer Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this Guide is accurate, neither International Market Advisor (IMA), the Institute of Export & International Trade (IOE&IT), the British High Commission New Delhi, the UK India Business Council (UKIBC), the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), UK Export Finance (UKEF), Department for International Trade (DIT), or the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned.

The purpose of the Doing Business Guides, prepared by International Market Advisor (IMA) is to provide information to help recipients form their own judgments about making business decisions as to whether to invest or operate in a particular country. The report's contents were believed (at the time that the report was prepared) to be reliable, but no representations or warranties, express or implied, are made or given by IMA, the IOE&IT, the British High Commission New Delhi, the UK India Business Council (UKIBC), the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), UKEF, DIT or the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) as to the accuracy of the report, its completeness or its suitability for any purpose.

In particular, none of the report's contents should be construed as advice or solicitation to purchase or sell securities, commodities or any other form of financial instrument. No liability is accepted by IMA, IOE&IT, the British High Commission New Delhi, the UK India Business Council (UKIBC), the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), UKEF, DIT, or the FCO for any loss or damage (whether consequential or otherwise) which may arise out of or in connection with the report.

No warranty is given, or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned.

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0.


www.export.org.uk

& INTERNATIONAL TRADE

Spreading the word

THE HE

TR

L

I N AT O N A

Join us today: Call: +44(0)1733 404 400

email:

ER

YEARS

OF IN T

ADE

OVER

RT

AT

A

We can help develop new ideas and find ways to drive down costs and produce sustainable improvements in your export business. • Membership supports all aspects of your international trade • Leading UK authority on trading globally • Tailored training to support your business needs • Expert solutions for international trade

institute@export.org.uk

Doing Business in India Guide (3rd Edition)  

There are several reasons to choose India as an export destination; India has a fast-growing economy with one of the world’s largest youth p...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you