HK Housing Issue Mainland China
Sai Kung Tsuen Wan
Wong Tai Sin Kwai Tsing
Public Housing Typology Evolution Sham Shui Po
>20M² (Area per person)
Yau Tsim Mong
(of HK population)
Illegal Housing Typology
Central and Western
(Area per person)
(of HK population)
Kowloon Walled City Data: Total floor area: 26096.16 M² Housing: 93% Food Factory: 2.6% Manufacturing: 3.5% Dental and clinic: 186
7,500 Residents 1975
45,000 Residents 1991
The Timeline of Kowloon Walled City related to control and population growth 1668-1841: Chin Dynasty, China 1841-1899: British colonial, an enclave of China 1899-1940: British 1941-1945: Occupied by Japan, tore down the wall 1946: Squatters started to occupy the field (1st wave of habitants) 1948: The union of the habitants fought against the claiming back from British HK Government 1949: People’s Republic of China established, refuges flooded into the field (2nd wave of habitants) 1950: Triads took over the city Population grew to 5,000 1963: 1971: Population grew to 10,000 1973: HK polices defeated the gangsters and gave back the peace and safe to the habitants 1974: New development started separately without any control and regulation 1980: Population grew to 35,000 1987: British HK Government and Chinese Government negotiated to tear down the Kowloon Walled City Population grew to 50,000 (Became the densest place in the world with 1,923,077 people per Km2) 1993: 1994: Demolished 1995: Transformed into Kowloon City Memorial Park
Kowloon Walled City Ground Floor Plan
Section Mapping of Kowloon Walled City’s Commercial Uses
To Mac To Ma Wan
ne un rT
To Lantau Island os Cr
n To Pe
lan a Is
Green Island ma
Sai Ying Pun
Hong Kong University
Hong Kong Island
Fairway MRT Line
The Exiting Buildings and Landscape on the Island
HK IFC Tower
Green Island Lighthouse Compound
The lighthouse is still operating.
The landscape along the trail.
Height: 1) Green Island---------89M 2) Little Green Island---38M Area: 1) Green Island--------118,331.8M² 2) Little Green Island--15,279.6M² *Total Area-------------133,611.4M²
Recept ion Centre Buildings
The pier for reception centre
Population: 1) Green Island---------20 2) Little Green Island---0 *Total amount-----------20 Geology: Mostly granite Accessibility: Not open to public
Kowloon Walled City V.S Green Island
Kowloon Walled City on Green Island
The Outlawed Archipelago Mechanism Ban on inadequate housings
Volunteer + NGO
Fun specu ding lative hou
Old Residents Poverty Resident les Sing s ilie m fa g un o Y
Authority Consultancy Self-builder Social Care Expert Meeting Community Contractor Developer
Guide line Architecture, Structure...etc Single unit Goods supply, health care...etc
an ts Artists White collar
Announce Green Island as the Special Zone, a land without administrative control.
or Applicants as occupants
or Applicants teamed as developers
Residents as workers
Residents teamed as contractors
1. The land on the island belongs to HK Government. 2. The built properties are not tradable but exchangable. 3. Occupants who want to move out should give the property back. 3. Every unit of housing chould only be registered to one applicant. 4. Group applicants as developers have to set up the share space.
Blend d City loon Walle w o K f o e g Curv Developin
35000 35000 30000
25000 20000 New generation
10000 5000 1000 2015
。Universal suffrage implemented 。West Kowloon Cultural District 。3rd runway launched Phase I completed 。China becomes the biggest trading nation in the world 。HZMB* completed
。The ratio of elderly rises at 1/4, which informs HK step into the aging society
。West Kowloon Cultural District 。HK Population: Phase II completed 8.4 million
。New generation of the villagists emerges
。3rd runway completed 。New migration policy announced, the old illegal immigrants can apply for PR and be able to work legally HZMB : Hong Kong, Zoohai & Macau Bridge
。Part of the villagists move to public housing units
。West Kowloon Terminal Launched 。’Green Island Special Zone’ announced
。The mediator withdraws, Green Island steps into the stage of autonomy
Residents Category Elderly
。Former occupants of illegal housings, moved onto Green Island by the NGO as the initial group of villagists after the action imposed. 。Settled in the old reception centre and live together with the NGO and the working group.
。Young families which have the dream of making homes by themselves, believe in that ideal life comes from the freedom to decide the way you live.
。Get into HK through human traffiking from South East Asia or Africa and by claiming their identification as refugee to get the temporary ID and monthly support.
。A group of people who persues freedom and diversity settling down in the north part where can provide well connection to West Kowloon Cultural District
。Down-to-earth, comes from ordinary families, tired of faking society and unfriendly HK urban life start to move into the island in 2035
Guideline A. Layout / Extension 1. Buildings should be constructed from the lower elevation then go higher. 2. At least one side of the building's facade should have an opening. 3. The horizontal extension along the contour line should follow principle #1. 4. Not until the lower level has been developed the upper level could be built. 5. The continuous length of the horizontal extension should not be over 30 metre. 6. Every two building masses should keep a distance more than 6 metre to allow daylight led in.
Massing Speculation B. Construction / Materials 1. Buildings should be lifted above the steep terrain. 2. The material of structural system could be either concrete or steel but wood. 3. The structure of rooftop should be capable for future vertical extensions. 4. The external wall could be any material but wood. 5. Recycled containers could be used as temporary buildings by special tennets for less than 2 years. 6. The container buildings could only be settled in constrained area.
Upper Mass Lower Mass 25M 20M 15M 10M
Green Island Hostel
Life in the island
Ai Weiwei reveals his latest sculptural artwork, the Golden Cork.
Chen, a 14-year-old boy, skating on the roof skate park.
Susan, moved from the US, fishes every Sunday morning at the south east shore of the island.
Roof top farming
The elderly enjoy the life on the island, which is irresistibly exercise-oriented. Public escalators in main routes help residents moving efficiently.
Offices of creative industry gathering on the island incrementally, which shape the landscape spatially.
Huang, a founder of a small contractor, working on the facade renewal construction
Sumon and Maruf, immigrants from Bengla land at the ferry pier, expecting to start their new life in HK from Green Island.