Pawnee Steam Program B 2023

Page 1

FRIDAY-SUNDAY, MAY 5-7, 2023 Steam Park Grounds in Historic Pawnee, OK Gates Open At 8am • $10/Day - 12 & Under Free FRIDAY IS SCHOOL DAY (Free Admission To School Groups With Their Teacher) OklahomaThreshers.org • 918.762.2108 Rumely Products Collectors RUMELY EXPO 31st Annual Oklahoma Steam and Gas Engine Show Welcomes You To The

1934 Ann Arbor Model 40

The Biggest Model Made Owner: Adam Wheeler

1915 Russell 25-75 Steam Traction Engine Owner: Will Ratliff

This tractor was built in 1915 by the Russell & Company in Massillon, Ohio. To place this tractor in history - the world was just beginning World War I and the Lusitania had been sunk by German submarines, killing 128 Americans. The Russell & Company was founded in the 1840s and had been around for awhile making railroad rolling stock before jumping into agricultural equipment in 1871. They produced steam tractors, threshing machines, and all manner of agricultural implements until the mid 1920's. Throughout that time they produced 18,000 steam tractors and employed over 800 people. Russell's were the widest produced tractors in the United States, second only to Case. Built in Massillon this tractor likely traveled by train to a Russell dealer in Stuttgart, AR. From their the Neukam family purchased it and took it back to their farm in Almyra, AR. While today it is only a 20 minute drive from Stuttgart to Almyra - the Russell would've taken multiple days to get to its new home at a top speed of 2.28mph. Also slowing the journey was a mishap while at a creek crossing. Back in those days, bridges where only built to withstand people and horses, the 28,000 lb, 75 horsepower Russell was too much for a local bridge, when they got halfway across... the bridge collapsed and the tractor's front smoke box broke off. After a little help from a team of horses and the local blacksmith the Russell was able to get back on the road. In Almyra the tractor spent most of it's time threshing rice with a matching Russell threshing machine. After the advent of the gas tractor and then combines the Russell was no longer needed and was parked in a barn on the Neukam's farm, until one day in the 1980's Joe Harper came by on word there was a tractor for days gone-by on their farm. He fired it up on the spot, bought it from them, and hauled it back to Sedgewick, KS where him and his son fully restored it. Today, the Russell still sports it's 1980's restoration, is owned and operated by Will Ratliff from Mounds, OK, and is ready for another 100 years.

Willcox & Gibbs Automatic

Sewing Machine Owner: Wes Kinsler

In 1855 James Gibbs saw a picture of a sewing machine in an advertisement and wondered how it worked. Theorizing from the picture that it used only a single thread, Gibbs imagined how the machine must loop the thread back on itself to form the stitch.

Gibbs lived in Rockbridge County Virginia, just across the county line from where Cyrus McCormick was working on changing farming forever with his mechanical reaping machine. In 1856 Gibbs stepped into a tailor’s shop where he witnessed an early Singer sewing machine in action. Gibbs noticed how clumsy the Singer machine was to use, and thought back to his idea for a machine and realized that he had an idea for building a machine that was completely different. He set to work building a wooden model with a thread looper carved from twisted mountain ivy. In four months Gibbs completed his model and soon after applied for a patent, which he was granted. In 1857 he met James Willcox in Philadelphia and a partnership was soon formed. James’s son Charles Willcox would be a key person in the future of Willcox & Gibbs. The firm of JR Brown & Sharpe was engaged to make the machine and the first Willcox and Gibbs machines to go on sale were made in November 1858. James Gibbs was 28 years old when these first machines were made. After the Civil War, Gibbs would remain a tireless promoter of the company and machine until 1886. Gibbs died a wealthy man in 1902.

In 1868 Charles Willcox made improvements to the thread tension mechanism and the Automatic was introduced. Charles also invented the rubber check-ball used in the treadle stand to prevent the machine from turning backwards. Willcox & Gibbs chainstitch machines were made by Brown & Sharp until 1946.

1926 Dodge Brothers Sedan

Owner: Jeff Detwiler

This classic Dodge Brothers suicide door sedan was restored in Thousand Oaks, CA in the late 1990's and was purchased by the Detwilers in 2005. It has been used for weddings, proms and was featured in the Martin Scorcese period epic "Killers of the Flower Moon", filmed in Pawhuska, Oklahoma in the summer of 2021. The Dodge Brothers were two of the greatest engineers and designers of vehicle components in the early 1900's, and literally saved Henry Ford from bankruptcy when they purchased 40% of Henry's company when he was struggling to produce the Model T in the early Nineteen Teens. The Dodge Brothers went on to start their own automotive company that become the Dodge we know of today.

1926 Caterpillar “Thirty”

Owner: Mike Waggoner

Rumley Oilpull Model M Winch Tractor

Owner: Mike Waggoner

From 1878 to 1890 Henry Leland, the founder of both Lincoln and Cadillac, was superintendent of the sewing machine department at Brown & Sharp.

Shown and demonstrated here in the Headquarters Building are three examples of the Willcox & Gibbs Automatic chainstitch sewing machine, each with a different way to power the machine. The machine bears very little resemblance to most antique sewing machines. In fact, the machine is shaped like a letter G, after the first letter in its inventor’s name.

PAGE 2 B - OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023
John Leigh of Claremore, OK running the Ann Arbor 40 with his John Deere H 1929 Willcox & Gibbs Automatic (Electric Power) 1878 Willcox & Gibbs Automatic (Treadle) 1889 Willcox & Gibbs Automatic (Hand Power)

Public Power Public Power Celebratingof

From its earliest days,GRDA has beenapartof the Oklahoma public powersuccess story. In fact, many of its partnerships with its 15 customer communities arereaching the70-year mark, like Pawnee. Fromthe firstmegawatts of renewable electricity producedatPensacolaDam over 80 yearsago and right on through theabundantand reliable power produced by its ultra-efficient combinedcycle gasgenerator (fueledby Oklahomanatural gas)today,GRDAhas always been proud to generate public powerfor Oklahoma.

OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 - PAGE 3 B
PAGE 4 B - OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 Souvenir Shirts, Caps & Bags Are Available in Registration & Shingle Shack! OKLAHOMA’S Choice WEEKLY Your Premiere Weekly Consumer Resource For Individuals And Business Gary Goldberg • Sales Director • 918-645-5621 Anesa K. Chastain Jones • Graphic Manager • 918-285-1314 The Oklahoma’s Choice Weekly is proud to publish the 2023 Oklahoma Steam Threshing & Gas Engine Association Steam & Gas Engine Show Program! Please visit the advertisers in this publication and enjoy the 2023 Oklahoma Steam Threshing & Gas Engine Association Steam & Gas Engine Show! PIZZA CONTACT CHERYL SHELDON (918) 399-9928 CATERING@DUNKINTHEATRE.COM ...for thePeople! WE AREHERE FOR ALL YOUR CATERINGNEEDS! CATERING OR VISIT GODOFREDOS.COM Welcome to The Oklahoma Steam and Gas Engine Show! AND OklahomaThreshers.org 918.762.2108 Rumely Products Collectors RUMELY EXPO 31st Annual Brooke Tatum, DPh 539 6th Street 918.762.3666 PAWNEE, OKLAHOMA
OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 - PAGE 5 B MORE THAN A BANK, WE'RE A COMMUNITY RESOURCE Helping you find the best financial solutions. PERRY P: 580.336.5562 BILLINGS P: 580.725.3222 COVINGTON P: 580.864.7421 PAWNEE P: 918.762.2503 fbt.bank MEMBER FDIC · EQUAL HOUSING LENDER

1956 Farmall 100

Owner: Wes Kinsler

The Farmall 100 was the follow-up to the popular Farmall Super A, and is basically the same machine apart from some styling changes to the hood and grille. The Farmall 100 features International’s unique Culti-Vision concept of placing the operator and implements such that there would be maximum visibility of where the implement works the ground. This concept was first used in the Farmall A and very similar Farmall B tractors in the 1930’s. The Farmall 100 has a 123 cubic inch inline 4-cylinder engine that produces 20 horsepower. The Farmall 100 also features International’s hydraulic system for raising and lowering implements that was called ‘Touch-Control’.

I bought this tractor from a friend. I have always liked International Tractors and was drawn to the unique offset operator’s position on this model. This tractor was made in 1956 and was originally sold new in the Lucien area in western Noble County.

1946 Chevy Half Ton Pickup

Owner: Floyd Kelley II

All original. Bought at an auction in Cleveland, OK in 2014.

1923 Victrola 50

Owner: Wes Kinsler

We are so used to the concept of music on the go, but 100 years ago portable music was very different. Introduced in 1921, the Victrola 50 was priced at $50 and was Victor’s first portable Victrola. A unique feature of the Victrola 50 is its cabinet. Most portables were cloth or leather covered, but the Victrola 50 was available in mahogany or a variety of oak finishes. The Victrola 50 you see here is finished in beautiful polished golden oak. Regardless of finish, the cabinet featured rugged nickel plated hardware.

1898 Columbia Model B “Eagle”

Owner: Wes Kinsler

The Columbia B “Eagle” is a cylinder-playing phonograph made from 1897 to 1907. The “Eagle” nickname comes from the popular name for the $10 gold coin in circulation at the time and the fact that the machine, minus the oak case, could be bought for $10. For $12 the purchaser could have both the machine and the oak case. After 1899, the uncased version was unavailable. After 1902 the Model B was sold primarily thru the Sears Catalog.

The Model B is a fun machine to watch while playing because all of the gears are exposed. This machine was made in 1898 and was purchased as a box of parts. The seller had taken it apart to try repairing it and gave up.

1917 16-50 Nichols and Shepard

Owner: Dale & Cindy Wolff

1919 Oliver Nichols & Shepard Red River Special Threshing Machine

Owner: Jeff Detwiler

The Nichols & Shepard Threshing Machine Company made Steam Traction Engines starting in the 1880's and subsequently added Threshing Machines to their lineup. This threshing machine was purchased by the Detwilers in 2010 from a farm in Yukon, OK and brought it to Pawnee. This 28" cylinder machine performs on the belt during the threshing demonstrations each day during the annual show. It is an original machine that you can still see the pinstriping and factory decals on from over a 100 years ago! She saw limited duty on the farm and was shedded her entire life.

1945 John Deere H

Owners:

Roland

& Angie Bengston

It’s a 1945 tractor the smallest tractor of the letter series. This particular one has electric start and hydraulics. It was purchased in 2012 for Angie’s 20th wedding anniversary.

Owner:

PAGE 6B - OKLAHOMA
2023
STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW
I got it from Harold Ottaway Wichita KS in1985. Harold got from Spring Hill TN. in1956 Had shipped back to Wichita by rail.
Souvenir Shirts, Caps & Bags Are Available in Registration & Shingle Shack! Rumley R Tractor
Guide
With Plow
This Rumley Tractor was purchased in Nebraska. Oklahoma’s Choice Weekly Your Premier Weekly Consumer Resource For Individuals And Business Anesa K. Chastain Jones Graphics Manager 918-285-1314 graphics@oklahomaschoiceweekly.com gary@oklahomaschoiceweekly.com jeff@oklahomaschoiceweekly.com jon@oklahomachoiceweekly.com P.O. Box 401 • Drumright, OK 74030
Elmer Schmucker
OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 - PAGE 7 B Welcome to the 56th Annual Pawnee Steam and Gas Engine Show! Brandts Ace Hardware 3203 Nor th 14th Street Ponca Cit y, OK 74601 Store: 580-762-2921 Central Oklahoma's One -Stop Sprayer Location 15 & 25 Gal. Trailer Sprayer 25 Gal. Brush Sprayer 25 Gal. Deluxe Spot Sprayer 25 Gal. Deluxe Trailer Sprayer 25 Gal. Spot Sprayer 25 Gal. Tree Sprayer Backpack Sprayer 40 Gal. 3pt Sprayer 50 Gal. UTV Sprayer ACE i & 2 Gal. Sprayer 40 & 50Gal. Trailer Sprayer

1928 Rumley 20-30 W

Owner: Dennis and Debbie Moore

The tractor made its way to Oklahoma in June 2013 from the Calvin Buice Estate Auction. It went to NW Oklahoma for about a year with Charles Carpenter. Then it went to Piedmont, OK to Russell Carpenter. I acquired it from Russell and began working on getting it running. Got it up and running in September 2014. The plan was to run it a bit and get everything working as it should then tear it back down over the winter and paint it up. I got so many comments from people liking it in its work clothes so I decided to leave in as is and enjoy it. It quickly became my favorite tractor, no matter how temperamental it may be.

1919 Rumely 16-30

Model H

Owner: Dale and Cindy Wolff

I Bought

1928 Rumely 20-30

Model W

Owner: Dale and Cindy Wolff

I got from the original owners estate auction in 1987. Was in piece all over the farm they had several of them over the years there were parts all over the farm. Had it at Pawnee since 1990.

1966 John Deere 110

Owners: Roland & Angie Bengston

From the Herb Little Collection, this tractor was refurbished and painted a unique pink/green/yellow color scheme in honor of cancer fighters in the family.

1918 J.I. Case 15BBL Water Wagon

Owner: Jeff Detwiler

This wood wheeled water wagon is set on a Moline Plow Company Running Gear and features a Myers hand powered pump. These water wagons were a critical piece of every threshing crew across America during the steam powered era dating well into the 1920's, providing essential water to the Steam Traction Engine.

South West Threshing Machine

Oklahoma roots all the way back to its delivery on a Case Special Train in 1920, to the small town of Kildare, Oklahoma. The Buesing Brothers threshed with this engine around the town of Blackwell and then it was retired in the mid 20’s, yet was kept under shed, preserving her for unknown future generations. Harold Ottoway, who founded Joyland Park in Wichita KS, brought her to the park in 1949, and she became a staple of the big show, performing a “tug of war” with a large IHC Dozer, and producing an amazing 108hp on the Prony Brake! She was relegated to a round top barn for almost 50 years, until 2005, when we were able to purchase and restore her back to full running condition. She is widely regarded as one of the finest running 65 Case engines in the country.

Owner: Dale and Cindy Wolff

10 Hp Marion Oil Field Engine

Owner: Jim Tullis and Dale Wolff

1907 Fairbanks Morse

Model N Air Compressor

Owner: Dale Wolff & Steve Dunn

Ralph Francis took off a mountain in Colorado in the 60s had to take down in pieces. Steve Dunn and Dale Wolff were able to buy it 2007 still in pieces we built the cart and cooling tower. And figure how it all went back together which was quite and job.

PAGE 8B - OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023
from the original owners they parked in the fence row in 1938 . I pulled out of the fence row in 1988 and restored it.
Pulled out of a oilfield yard between Drumright and Oilton. In 1995 didn’t take much to get it running. We built the skid and left look just like we found it.
Made in Oklahoma city in the 20s.

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Caterpillar D7

Grain Drill

1914 Little Bull

Owner: JF

"Lin" Stewart

1945 caterpillar d7 3T. Equipped with a LeTourneau winch and blade from the factory. It started out life logging in Arizona before ending up in the rock crusher business in Oklahoma and finally being retired at a rock crusher west of pawnee. This machine is a true one owner machine who has many stories about it.

Owner: Brady Kelley

1915 John Deere Van Brunt horse drawn grain drill. Was used up in to the 1970s planting wheat and oats after being converted to be pulled behind a tractor. It now enjoys retirement on display in Pawnee Oklahoma

1914 Little Bull built from two parts piles. Part of it came from Humboldt Neb. And from Virgil Litke Marion Ks. Had to make a lot of parts to make it complete.

1913 Davis Model T

Owner: Wes Kinsler

I nearly skipped doing a write-up on this machine because it will look like just another antique sewing machine to most people, but the story behind it is worth sharing. The Davis Sewing Machine Company was started in 1874 by Job Davis in Watertown, New York. In 1887 George Huffman, of Dayton Ohio, bought Davis and in 1889 moved the factory from Watertown to Dayton. In 1892 Davis began making bicycles, and Huffman Mfg Co was started as a distributor of Davis bicyles. In the late 1890’s, Davis entered a contract with Sears, Roebuck, and Co to supply Sears with sewing machines. Davis became increasingly dependent on the Sears contract, and when Sears dropped Davis around 1918, things quickly went downhill. Davis ceased making sewing machines in 1924, but bicycle manufacture continued under the Huffman name and eventually the bicycles were sold under the name Huffy. Huffy bicycles were made in Dayton, Ohio until the late 1970’s.

This model T sewing machine is a ¾-size machine made for portable use. It has a Davis handcrank, which are very rarely seen in the US, and this machine was actually made for export. I purchased it from a seller in the UK. It uses a shuttle for the lower thread.

1912 Ideal Sewing Machine

Wes Kinsler

This machine, marked Ideal, was made by the New Home Sewing Machine Co, in Orange, Massachusetts. It is about ¾ the size of a full-size machine, and has a large handcrank wheel and a cast-iron base. This was the least expensive machine New Home made, the cast iron base was cheaper than a wooden one. This model of machine was made from about 1890 to 1930. The Ideal name is stenciled on the arm of the machine. New Home would stencil whatever name you requested on the machine if you ordered 20 or more machines, so that your customers would think you had your own house brand. This was popular with many manufacturers and retailer at the time. Sadly, the name of the retailer who used the Ideal name has been lost to time.

1912 Rumely Model B Number 2851

Owner: Edward Lyon

Owner: Dale & Cindy Wolff with a Avery 25-50 Prairie tractor.

The Rumely outfit, which included a new Rumely Ideal Wood Separator, was shipped into Alva OK in the summer of 1913. A factory man, Charley Hire accompanied the Rumely on the train.

Elmer Lyon bought this tractor in 1920 and custom threshed with his brother Hix Lyon in the Alva area until the early 1930s. The Rumely was parked, staying outside for the next 30 plus years. In the summer of 1963 I entered the Rumely in a contest sponsored by the State Fair of Oklahoma and the Farmer-Stockman magazine to find the oldest tractor in Oklahoma. Although the tractor was deemed too heavy to take to the state fair, it did spark the desire to return the old Rumely to running condition.

Elmer Lyon completely went through the tractor and amazingly had it running later that year. Hix Lyon his brother who ran the engine a great deal in the 20s also helped. I was always close by and listened and learned as much as a 15 year old could. My dad, Amos Lyon, was always interested in the Rumely and ran it several times during the 70s-90s including the Rumely Expo at Pawnee in 1990. In January of 2013, I purchased the tractor from the rest of the Lyon family and brought it to Pawnee. The tractor therefore remains in the Lyon ownership as it has since 1920, and has been operated by the Lyon family since 1913.

PAGE 10B - OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023
Owner:
Scrapbooking Oklahoma, LL www.creativememories.com/user/bev Beverly A. Atteberry 918-605-1913 CROPS, CL ASSES & RETREATS FB Page: Scrapbooking Oklahoma scrapbookingoklahoma@yahoo.com
OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 - PAGE 11 B Welcome to the 56th Annual Pawnee Steam and Gas Engine Show! www.keelerequipment.com 4275 N. Hwy 77 Access Rd • Ponca Cit y, OK OFFICE: 580-765-91125 • Cell: 580-761-2460 Monday-Friday: 8-5:30 Home , Auto, Farm, Life , And Business Insurance . 524 Illinois St. Pawnee, OK 74058 918-762-3603 aaron@miiok .com HOURS: Sunday Buf fet 11AM-2PM Wed-Sat 11AM-8PM Closed Monday and Tuesday HIGHWAY 51/YALE, OK www.mugsysgrubhouse.com EMAIL: mugsyscatering@yahoo.com STEAKS, BBQ and WINE! Banquet Rooms Available! WELCOME TO THE 56TH ANNUAL PAWNEE STEAM AND GAS ENGINE SHOW!

MEURE R

ABSTRACT & TITLE COMPANY

518 Illinois Street

Pawnee, OK 74058

ABSTRACTS • TITLE INSURANCE ESCROWS • CLOSINGS

Bonded Abstractor Since 1893

918-762-2622

“We Show What The Records Show.”

Souvenir Shirts, Caps & Bags Are Available in Registration & Shingle Shack!

1906 Reeves & Co. No 1 Sawmill

Owners: Robert Marrs & Steve Dunn

PAGE 12B - OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023
This sawmill was built by Reeves & Co. out of Columbus, IN. This mill was manufactured in approximately 1906. We purchased the mill from Giles Albritton who set this mill up in its current location in the 1970's. This mill has been completely restored. The mill runs a 56" main blade, and is also equipped with an optional top saw that runs a 30" top blade. With the top saw we can easily cut up to a 36" to 40" in diameter log. It is operated every year during the show and occasionally in the fall. One of the mill's main functions is to cut cants for the shingle mill which is located just south of the sawmill.
OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 - PAGE 13 B Mike Godberson Realtor 918-285-6818 mikegodberson@yahoo.com Keith Cheatham Agency 608 Harrison Street Pawnee, OK 74058 Welcome to the 56th Annual Pawnee Steam and Gas Engine Show! r more informa on call 918-762-2513 or visit PawneeBillRanch.org Saturday, June 10, 2023 Pawnee Bill Ranch & Museum For m wnee Activities on Blue Hawk Peak 2pm - 6pm American Indian Dancing & Storytelling Blacksmith Cra s Chuckwagon Concessions Demonstra ons Food Trucks Gunfights Ma gician Medicine Man Music Wild West Show 7:30pm American Indian Dancing Bullwhip Ar st Chariot Races Trick Shoo ng Trick Roping Trick Riding Horse Races Mounted Shoo ng Arena Food Trucks Tickets will only be sold at the entrance gate to the Ranch the day of the event. Pawnee Bill Ranch and Museum open 11am - 7pm. Last tour through Pawnee Bill’s historic mansion at 6pm. Present thisfor 10% o In the Pawnee Bill Museum GiftShop Admission Prices: Adults $10 Seniors (62+) & Ac ve Militar y $8 Children (6-12): $5 Children: (5 & under) Free hop Activities at the Wild West Show Arena 2pm - 6pm Boot Throwing Cowboy Camp & Stories Saddling & Harnessing Meet & Greet Pawnee Bill & May Lillie Stagecoach Photos Sidesaddle Demonstra on Children’s Cra s & Games

Allis-Chalmers Corliss Steam Engine and Kewanee Oil-Field Boiler

Owner: OST & GEA

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places

In the late 1840’s, a young man working as a saddle and harness maker was approached by a professor of mathematics from Providence, Rhode Island. The young man was recommended to the professor by a local blacksmith. The professor and his colleagues in Providence had been investigating steam and its expansive properties as well as ways to use these properties for greater efficiency. The young harness maker was George H. Corliss, inventor of the type of steam engine known the world over by his name, the Corliss Steam Engine. What Corliss did was to invent a new type of valve mechanism and valve for steam engines that made the greatest use of the expansive nature of steam. The steam inlet valves are operated by a latch and trip mechanism controlled by a governor to admit steam then quickly close. The maximum time the valves can be open is limited to 1/7ththe total piston stroke and is considerably less than the duration the valve is open in an ordinary steam engine.

Sales of Corliss engines were slow initially, but the money saved by use of the engine caused interest and use to surge in the late 1860’s. To boost the image of the engine and at the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia, Corliss built an enormous engine, the Centennial Engine, which dominated the exhibit building and was seen by hundreds of thousands of spectators. Popularity of the Corliss engine would continue to grow over the coming decades for medium to large stationary engines and virtually all of the largest stationary steam engines ever build were Corliss engines. Popularity of the Corliss engine began to wane in the 1920’s as the steam turbine came into more wide spread use for new installations. Despite being usurped by the steam turbine, many Corliss engines continued in operation into the 1960’s and 70’s without ever having been overhauled or needing extensive repairs (due mainly to their slower operating speeds) and reasonable efficiency. The story of the Allis-Chalmers Corliss steam engine exemplifies this record of a durable, long-wearing engine. The Allis-Chalmers Corliss steam engine was one of two engines that generated electricity to power a zinc smelter in Blackwell, a site chosen because of the vast deposits of natural gas, which could be used to fire the furnaces of the facility. For power to run the equipment in the smelter, the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company was chosen to provide the engines and generators. At the time, Allis-Chalmers specialized in small to medium sized plants, which they generally supplied turn-key to the customer. Steam for the two engines when they were in service at the smelter was supplied by two Babcock and Wilcox water-tube boilers fired with natural gas. The engine is designed to run at 150 rpm and at this speed the generator produces 60 hertz AC current. This generator, also build by Allis-Chalmers, produces 3-phase current at 480 volts and 526 amps. Under full load, the engine would produce about 500 horsepower with an electrical output of 350Kilowatts. The engine ran from 1916 to 1974powering what was one of the largest smelters in the world along side its sister engine and occasionally selling excess power to the City of Blackwell. After the smelter closed, Kenneth Kelley of Pawnee, led volunteers disassembling of the engine and brought it to Pawnee. Here it was reassembled on new concrete foundations built from the original 1912 blueprints. Steam for the engine today is provided by a 65-horsepower Kewanee ‘Oil Field Special’ boiler built in 1927. This boiler is one of a batch of 10 boilers shipped to Federal Corp in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Designed for a working pressure of 150 psi, this locomotive-style boiler was designed to burn wellhead gas and has been converted to solid fuel. The boiler is a full manually-operated stationary boiler and is fired by hand using wood. During normal operation the boiler holds 900 gallons of water and requires about 80 gallons to go from the normal low water level to the normal high water level. When running just the Allis-Chalmers Corliss engine with no load at 50 rpm, the boiler will use about 70-gallons of water per hour and burn about 450 pounds of wood per hour while producing steam at 50 psi. To run the Allis-Chalmers Corliss engine under full-load conditions today in Pawnee would require a battery nine of the 65-horsepower Kewanee boilers operating at maximum operating pressure.

George H. Corliss, June 2, 1817-February 21, 1888, inventor of the famous engine that bears his name. At the time George invented the engine that would revolutionize the world his most notable accomplishment was creating a sewing machine to stitch leather.

The heart of the trip mechanism is the stud die and hook die. The steam arm is keyed to the valve stem and carries the stud die. Rotating on the valve stem is the cut-off arm. The hook die is carried by the cut-off arm. As the engine runs, the cut-off arm oscillates, once per engine rotation. This oscillation causes the hook die to latch onto the stud die so that it will oscillate with it. However, the cut-off cam, attached to the governor arm, forces the hook die to release the stud die as they move in the direction that opens the valve. When the stud die is released the valve closes. When this release occurs is controlled by the governor.

The most famous of all Corliss engines was the Centennial Engine. Built for the 1876 Philadelphia Exposition, the engine was sold afterwards to the famous Pullman Palace Car Company and powered Pullman's Chicago factory until it was scrapped in 1910.

Steam for the Allis-Chalmers Corliss, as well as the other engine in the Power House building, is furnished by this 1927 Kewanee 'Oil Field Special' boiler. Built to handle pressures of 150 psi, the boiler now operates at a max of 100 psi, though when running the engines in the building the steam pressure may only reach as high as 50 or 60psi.

A glimpse thru the fire door when time to add more wood. Firing the boiler requires technique, and must be coordinated with adding water to maintain steam pressure. When running all the engines in the building, the boiler may use up to 130 gallons per hour and require nearly 900 pounds of wood in the same amount of time to produce steam at 60 psi.

www.oklahomathreshers.org

PAGE 14B - OKLAHOMA
STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023
The first Corliss engine, constructed in 1850. The heart of a Corliss engine is the cylinder with its unique rocking valves and the trip mechanism operating them. View of the cylinder head to the right and valve gear. The 12-foot diameter flywheel is near the center of the photo and the 350kw generator is to the left. In the foreground is the 10-foot long bar used to 'bar' the engine over, which is to manually turn the engine by hand by engaging the far end if the bar into the square holes in the rim of the flywheel.
Scan the QR Code to take our Survey!
Crank side of the Allis-Chalmers Corliss Engine. The engine uses a Tangye mill-engine frame with its characteristic swooping curve.
OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023 - PAGE 15 B META BOLT SINCE1978 BRADY KELLEY P.O. Box 179 • Pawnee, OK 74058 O: 918-738-4208 • F: 918-738-4350 brady@stewar STEWART STONE, INC. “Crushing Rock Since ‘56” Welcom the 56th Annual Pawn Steam an Gas Engin Show Pawnee Tag Agency 547 6th Street • Pawnee, OK Mon-Thurs 9-5:30 • Fri 9-3 RENEW YOUR TAG ONLINE AT WWW.PAWNEE TAG.COM

Schedule of Events:

Demonstrations throughout the day:

* 100 Ton Corliss Steam Engine in the Power House

(listed on the national register of historical places) *

* Steam Powered Sawmill/Shingle Mill

* Blacksmith *Cornmeal Grinding Demonstration and Discussion *

* Baker Fan Horsepower Testing at the Prony Brake * Rock Crusher *

* Working Gas Engines Display - Line Shaft Driven Machine Shop

* Old Time Living Demo * Food Vendors * Arts & Crafts * Retail Vendors *

* Live Entertainment *

Friday

09:00 a.m. National Anthem

10:00 a.m. Old Time Threshing Lecture & Demonstration

11:00 a.m. *Plowing North Field

Powerhouse Demonstration

Old Time Living Demo

12:00 p.m. Noon Steam Whistle

Bluegrass Music Pavilion

12:45 p.m. Steam Games

02:00 p.m. Powerhouse Lecture

Old Time Threshing Lecture & Demonstration

03:00 p.m. Parade of Power

Tractor Games After Parade

06:30 p.m. Parade of Tractors to Sonic Dark *Spark Show at Prony Brake

Saturday

09:00 a.m. National Anthem

Rumely Oil Pull Photo

09:30 a.m. Steam Threshers Photo

10:00 a.m. Gas Tractor Photo

Sanctioned Kiddie Tractor Pull

Old Time Threshing Lecture & Demonstration

11:00 a.m. *Plowing North Field

Powerhouse Demonstration

Old Time Living Demo

12:00 p.m. Noon Steam Whistle

Bluegrass Music Pavilion

12:45 p.m. Steam Engine Games

02:00 p.m. Powerhouse Lecture

Old Time Threshing Lecture & Demonstration

03:00 p.m. Parade of Power

Tractor Games After Parade

06:00 p.m. RPC Banquet

Dark *Spark Show at Prony Brake

Sunday

08:00 a.m. Worship Service

09:00 a.m. National Anthem

10:00 a.m. Powerhouse Demonstration

10:30 a.m. Old Time Threshing Lecture & Demonstration 11:00 a.m. *Gas Tractor Plowing on Grounds

Old Time Living Demo 12:00 p.m. Noon Steam Whistle 03:00 p.m. Final Steam Whistle

*Weather Permitting Registration Hours: Thursday 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m., 1:00.p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Friday 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m., 1:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Saturday 8:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

*Subject to equipment and weather conditions

PAGE 16B - OKLAHOMA STEAM THRESHING & GAS ENGINE SHOW 2023
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