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ISSUE17

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A road map for the transport of dangerous goods n e w s • s e c u r i n g t h e c h e m i c a l s u p p ly c h a i n • c h e m u k 2 0 2 0 p r e v i e w • b i g i n t e r v i e w • l o g i s t i c s


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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

www.chemicalindustryjournal.co.uk

| foreword |

Welcome Helen Compson Editor

Editor Helen Compson helen.compson@distinctivepublishing.co.uk

Design Distinctive Publishing, 3rd Floor, Tru Knit House, 9-11 Carliol Square, Newcastle, NE1 6UF Tel: 0191 580 5990 www.distinctivepublishing.co.uk

Advertising Distinctive Publishing, 3rd Floor, Tru Knit House, 9-11 Carliol Square, Newcastle, NE1 6UF Tel: 0191 5805990 David Perratt Business Development Manager email: david.perratt@distinctivegroup.co.uk Tel: 0191 5805471 www.distinctivepublishing.co.uk

here’s to a new decade of chemical reaction Can you believe it? This is only year two of ChemUK, the expo designed to bring together the movers and shakers of the UK’s chemicals, chemical processing and chemical product formulation industries, and it has already doubled in size. This year’s two-day fest, in May, will feature 270plus exhibitors and more than 30 hours of free seminars, all of which explains why founder Ian Stone has moved it to the capacious EventCity in Manchester. In this issue, he tells us just how ready the industry was for something like ChemUK. “The chemical industry contributes £17bn a year in added value to the UK economy at a time it is also going through profound change,” he said, “two very good reasons for providing a national forum that brings together all the different elements under one huge roof.” Meanwhile, Chemical Industry Journal also made a point of catching up with Alan Edwards, European regional manager for environmental consultancy SLR. Its recent marriage with HFL Consulting, a company endowed with an enviable track record in plant design and safety compliance, as well as personnel training and development,

Distinctive Publishing or BioScience Today cannot be held responsible for any inaccuracies that may occur, individual products or services advertised or late entries. No part of this publication may be reproduced or scanned without prior written permission of the publishers and BioScience Today.

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has proved a match made in heaven, he said. “What we were really interested in was the virtual planning they do – we saw synergies, using that platform, in planning and development operations across all sectors.” Our special focus this issue is on logistics and some of the challenges facing the chemical supply chain. Freight specialists Rhenus Logistics UK says that, in a nutshell, ‘The chemical industry is arguably one of the most separated in terms of consumption and production locations, making the industry among the most heavily reliant on international and national transport.’ Its conclusion: the choice of a logistics partner can make or break a business, especially when operating in a new territory for the first time, so don’t be tempted to take a shortcut! Caroline Raine, chairman of the British Association of Dangerous Goods Professionals, rounds off the subject with a roadmap which, if you follow it to the letter of the law, will help you navigate the highways and byways of chemicals transport.


| contents |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

A road map for the transport of dangerous goods

features

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22 The UK’s Chemical Business Association (CBA) has a reputation for its expertise on measures to improve the security of the international chemical supply chain

We speak to SLR’s European regional manager, Alan Edwards

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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| contents |

contents www.chemicalindustryjournal.co.uk

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welcome

4-5

Contents

6-7

elementary

8

Industry Contributors

10-12

News

14-20

securing the chemical supply chain

/

issue 17

Chief executive Peter Newport provides an overview of CBA’s national and international work to improve the resilience of the chemical supply chain

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22-23

big interview When environmental consultancy SLR acquired leading process safety management company HFL Consulting late last year, the two proved a dream fit. We speak to the latter’s European regional manager, Alan Edwards

chemuk2020 preview

28-35

logistics

Check out our 24 page Preview Supplement for this year’s ChemUK Expo. All the information you need to prepare yourself for this great event

A road map for the transport of dangerous goods

Breaking new ground – finding the right logistics partner in new territories

36-37

viewpoint We speak with Natalia McDonagh on the role of brand, innovation, and organisational empowerment

40-41

Nepic The Industry of Industries

44-45

solvents industry association News round-up from the Solvents Industry Association

46-49

The CHEMUK 2020 supply-chain expo and speaker programme returns on the 13th & 14th May 2020 at EventCity in Manchester

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reach

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| elementary |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

ELEMENTARY

New chemical payload vehicle Caltech scientists have developed a new kind of polymer that can carry a chemical payload as part of its molecular structure and release it in response to mechanical stress.

Chemistry students strike gold Genetically modifying bacteria to produce kinder hair dyes earned Manchester University students a gold medal at the latest International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) competition. The project submitted to iGEM, which looks for synthetic biology-based solutions to real-world problems, was designed to find an alternative to current hair dyes, which often use chemicals harmful to allergy sufferers and the environment alike. The eight students, with academic guidance from the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, the Department of Chemistry and the Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, genetically engineered E. coli bacteria to secrete proteins which could colour, repair, straighten and fragrance hair.

Carbon capture innovation

Nerve toxins detector developed

A new material capable of capturing carbon dioxide from industrial emissions better than current options could be on the market in the next five to 10 years.

A new, paper-based sensor can detect potent nerve toxins paraoxon and parathion, according to a new study by University of Alberta chemists.

Chemical engineers from HeriotWatt University are part and parcel of an international research team working on new approaches designed to help the UK achieve its net zero greenhouse gas emissions target by 2050. As reported in the journal Nature, the team was inspired by drug design tools used by the pharmaceutical industry to synthesise new metal-organic framework (MOF) materials that can capture CO. Postdoctoral researcher Dr Enrique García-Díez said: “When we experimentally verified that our materials outperformed current commercial ones, I realized we had achieved something truly remarkable.”

The sensor uses silicon-based quantum dots to detect these powerful toxins, turning the paper sensors yellow or green, depending on the amount of toxin present. A commercial smartphone application can be used to accurately estimate how much is, indeed, present. “Paraoxon and parathion are nerve agents that have been used as pesticides,” said chemistry professor Jonathan Veinot, co-author of the study. “Accurate detection is important because these substances are potent— they can kill within minutes depending on exposure and treatment. Both have reportedly been used in chemical warfare.”

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The system could one day be used to create medical implants that can release drugs into the body when triggered by something like ultrasound waves, they say. In a new paper published in the September 13 issue of the Journal of the American Chemical Society, assistant professor of chemistry Maxwell Robb and researchers in his lab describe the polymer they have developed and the reaction that makes the payload system possible.

Simply the best Croda International is celebrating being voted the most admired company in the British chemical sector for the third year running, as well as the sixth most admired company in Britain overall. The Yorkshire-based company, a specialist in the use of smart science to produce speciality chemicals that improve lives, was recognised at the Management Today awards held in London at the beginning of December. The largest awards of their type in the UK, they recognise key factors critical to business success across 12 categories, such as quality of management, products, services and leadership. Croda chief executive Steve Foots said: “This award is testament to the hard work and dedication of our employees around the world, who help make our purpose ‘Smart Science to Improve Lives™’ a reality.


| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| elementary |

ELEMENTARY

Chemical market rallies The Chemical Business Association’s latest Supply Chain Trends Survey shows that the outlook for both order books and sales have turned positive, but sales margins remain under pressure and employment prospects weak.

Artificial intelligence takeover A new proof-of-concept study details how an automated system driven by artificial intelligence can design, build, test and learn complex biochemical pathways, opening the door to a wide range of biosynthetic applications. Researchers reported their success in producing lycopene, a red pigment found in tomatoes and commonly used as a food colouring, in the journal Nature Communications. The study combined a fully automated robotic platform called the Illinois Biological Foundry for Advanced Biomanufacturing with AI to achieve biomanufacturing. “Biofoundries are factories that mimic the foundries that build semiconductors, but are designed for biological systems instead of electrical systems,” said Huimin Zhao, the Illinois University chemical and biomolecular engineering professor who led the research. However, because biology offers many pathways to chemical production, the researchers assert that a system driven by AI and capable of choosing from thousands of experimental iterations is required for true automation.

Advance in molecular engineering Physicists at the University of Alberta have created a molecular colorant that is more sensitive and versatile than ever before. The engineered molecule, called P4VB, can emit light at a wider range of colours than any other molecule available at present.

Primed to meet ambitious goal The chemical industry, the UK’s biggest manufacturing exporter and one of its largest energy users, wholeheartedly supports the drive towards net zero carbon emissions. Steve Elliott, chief executive of the Chemical Industries Association, said: “The chemical industry is uniquely placed to provide both a direct and indirect contribution to achieving net zero by 2050.

“This material could have many applications ranging from sensors to biological imaging and optical displays, among others,” said former PhD student Stephen Lane, who conducted the research under the supervision of physics professor A.I Meldrum. “For instance, in biological imaging, a change of colour can be used to signal specific biochemical conditions or changes in real time.” The material was developed in collaboration with the Technical University of Munich.

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Chief Executive Peter Newport said: “The recovery reported in this survey, whilst limited, is very welcome. It remains difficult to assess the continuing impact of the overhang of stock building in relation to the past Brexit deadline of 31 October or the preparations for the prospective deadline of 31 January. “Our members are determined to maintain supplies of critical chemical components to customers, but financing historically high stock levels and availability of regulatory compliant warehousing is placing a strain on the resources of many companies.” The CBA’s latest on-line Trends Survey was conducted from 7-19 November 2019 and is based on responses from 51 member companies.

Short story or article to share? Send them to our Editor, Ellen Rossiter, at ellen.rossiter@distinctivepublishing.co.uk


| contributors biodigestables | |

Peter Newport Chief Executive of the Chemical Business Association (CBA) CBA is a not-for-profit business organisation representing the independent chemical supply chain in the UK. Its member companies distribute, pack, and blend over four million tonnes of chemicals each year with a market value of almost three billion euros.

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY | CHEMICAL JOURNAL INDUSTRY SUMMER JOURNAL 2018 |

Karl Jones OAMPS Hazardous Industries Karl has spent the past 30 years working with businesses to design and implement successful insurance and risk management strategies across a variety of high-risk sectors; following proven methods devised to lead to fewer, less expensive claims, enhanced operational resilience and improved insurance protection.

Peter is a key industry advocate to governmental and regulatory authorities in the UK and Europe. He is also a board member and current Treasurer of the European Association for Chemical Distributors (Fecc) and a board member of the International Chemical Trade Association (ICTA).

Natalia McDonagh Head of Marketing, Brenntag UK & Ireland With a background in strategic consulting, advising companies across the B2B, B2C and the NFP, Natalia joined the chemicals and ingredients distribution industry in 2005, before joining Brenntag over 4 years ago. With a PhD in Strategic Marketing, Natalia is a Chartered Marketer (CIM) and Chartered Manager (CMI) and is a regular contributor to the industry and strategic marketing publications.

Andrew Norman General Secretary, Solvents Industry Association Following a successful commercial career in chemical distribution and chemical manufacturing, Andrew has been responsible for the management of the Solvents Industry Association (SIA) since 2013, covering everything from delivery of training courses to production of safety films, liaison with regulators and marketing and promotion.

Caroline Raine Chairman of the British Associations of Dangerous Goods (BADGP). Her experience has been developed whilst working directly in the chemical industry, through consultancy projects and working with both government and specific working groups and trade associations. Her depth of expertise means Caroline is able to help clients understand and manage their regulatory obligations, providing bespoke advice and guidance on specific regulatory matters and how best to comply.

Carolyn Nicholls Operations Director of RAS Ltd A director of RAS Limited, Carolyn leads a team of risk and hazard management consultants and has been instrumental in creating the company’s assessment methodologies. Carolyn has experience of working with a large number of UK COMAH sites to develop safety reports and provide support in all aspects of risk management.

Subscribe for free! Simply use the link below and get all the latest chemical industry news – either digitally or in print. www.chemicalindustryjournal.co.uk/subscribe

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| news |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Sunlight degrades polystyrene much faster than expected Polystyrene persists in the environment for millennia, according to some international governmental agencies. This estimate is based on the amount of time required for microbes to break down the plastic. But now researchers have challenged this common assumption with the finding that sunlight can break down polystyrene over a much shorter time scale, from decades to centuries. They report their results in Environmental Science & Technology Letters. Used in many consumer and industrial products, such as food containers, protective packaging and building materials, polystyrene widely contaminates the environment. Common microbes cannot degrade the polymer because of its aromatic backbone, leading scientists to estimate that it persists for tens of thousands of years. Collin Ward and colleagues at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution wondered whether sunlight absorbed by polystyrene could transform it into carbon dioxide and dissolved organic carbon in a much shorter time.

from the equator to about the southern border of Canada), this process would take decades. Complete oxidation of polystyrene to carbon dioxide by sunlight would require centuries, they estimate. The polystyrene samples degraded at different rates depending on the additives they contained, which in the future could be manipulated to control the lifetimes of the plastics, the researchers say. The authors acknowledge funding from the Frank and Lisina Hoch Endowed Fund, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Stanley Watson Chair in Oceanography and the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship.

To find out, the researchers placed five commercially available polystyrene samples in water and then exposed them to simulated sunlight that was three times brighter than sunlight at the equator. The researchers found that the simulated sunlight partially oxidized all five samples to dissolved organic carbon. They calculated that, for latitudes 0° to 50° N (extending

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HSD Safety half-page ARTWORK.pdf

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25/08/2016

12:08 | news |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

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| news |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Research and industry leaders to develop technologies of tomorrow Research partnerships to keep the UK at the cutting edge of efforts to develop quantum computers and hybrid electric vehicles, reduce the time and cost of producing new drugs and protect against cyber attacks Industry names including Microsoft, Jaguar Land Rover and Eli Lilly and Company team up with leading UK universities Six new Prosperity Partnerships, funded with £40 million, launched by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Leading researchers will team up with major industry names to place the UK at the forefront of efforts to build quantum computers, protect wireless networks from cyberattacks and research the next generation of hybrid electric vehicles. Eight universities will team up with industry partners such as Microsoft, Jaguar Land Rover and Eli Lilly and Company in six new Prosperity Partnerships after a £40 million investment was announced on Friday 18 October 2019, by Secretary of State Andrea Leadsom. She announced the new Prosperity Partnerships alongside a major investment in cyber security partnerships with industry partners. Funded partnerships include: A project led by Jaguar Land Rover and the University of Oxford to research a new generation of electrified, hybrid vehicles that will reduce demand on the electricity grid and be prepared for new forms of fuel

A partnership led by Toshiba Research Europe and the University of Bristol to protect the wireless networks we rely on at work and in our social lives from cyber-attacks A collaboration led by Eli Lilly and Company and Imperial College to significantly reduce the time and cost of producing new drugs, speeding up new treatments for a range of conditions. The five-year partnerships announced today are supported with £18 million of funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), part of UK Research and Innovation, £18 million from industry partners and £4 million from universities. They are the latest in a series of Prosperity Partnerships, launched to support existing, strategic, research-based partnerships between business and universities and deliver societal and economic impact. To date, £195 million has been invested by EPSRC, industry partners and universities in 30 Prosperity Partnerships. EPSRC Executive Chair Professor Lynn Gladden said: “By combining expertise from across academia and industry, the Prosperity Partnerships will break new ground in areas of fundamental research that also provide major commercial opportunities. “The partnerships announced today demonstrate the critical role that collaboration between UK researchers and industry partners will play in developing the revolutionary technologies of tomorrow.”

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| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

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| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

SECURING THE CHEMICAL SUPPLY CHAIN Many terrorist incidents result from the illegal use of chemicals in home-made explosive devices. The UK’s Chemical Business Association (CBA) has a reputation for its expertise on measures to improve the security of the international chemical supply chain. Here, chief executive Peter Newport provides an overview of CBA’s national and international work to improve the resilience of the chemical supply chain.

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| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

 Trade Controls Introduced in the 1990s, CBA’s Code of Conduct on Trade Controls was originally developed jointly with the UK Chemical Industries Association \ Crop Protection association and is recognised by UK Government Departments. More recently it aims to supplement the Responsible Care Security Code and help companies contribute to continuous improvements in the security of the chemical supply chain. The Code covers organisational arrangements and allocates responsibilities for security procedures in relation to substances subject to trade controls. It also recommends a series of administrative processes designed to screen new customers and practical arrangements to ensure the security of premises and storage areas. The Code was subsequently utilised as the basis of the European Association of Chemical Distributors (Fecc) Model Agreement on Trade Controls that now operates on a pan-European basis. The Fecc Model agreement was then used both as the basis of the International Chemical Trade Association (ICTA) Model Agreement and the source document for the original European Commission guidelines for explosive precursors

Peter Newport

INDUSTRY INITIATIVES The industry’s first task was to put its own house in order and bring in processes and procedures that helped companies to improve the security surrounding their sites, handling, and distribution of their chemical products. We therefore developed a series of related initiatives under the sector’s Responsible Care programme. Security Code CBA’s supply chain Security Code, the first of its kind in Europe, is designed to protect employees, contractors, property, products, information and information systems by enhancing security - including security against potential terrorist attack. The Code requires CBA member companies to carry out a five-step security process proportionate to the nature of their operational activities. This covers: the identification of potential threats; establishing what is to be protected; how the risk can be reduced; documenting results, and to periodically review the assessment. Responsible Care In 2016, CBA modified the ‘eight guiding principles’ of its industry-wide Responsible Care initiative to make security an explicit element of appropriate elements of the programme. The Security Guidelines for CBA member companies established best practice consistent with the Guiding Principles of Responsible Care and implement a security policy. The members report on the implementation of this policy, security measures, and processes in their annual Responsible Care Indices of Performance Report and SelfAssessment Questionnaire. More advanced members elect for third party verification of their security provisions using the pan European SQAS ESAD module. In 2015 CBA signed an earned recognition Memorandum of Understanding with DfT that allows SQAS assessed companies to benefit from a reduced frequency of inspections in relation to Security Plans, depending on the responses to the security specific questions in the SQAS assessments.

High Consequence Dangerous Goods – Security Plan CBA chaired the UK joint government and industry Working Group developing guidance for the industry wide application of the international ADR regulations containing the requirement for companies to address chemical transport security and, where required, create a security plan. The Working Group published in 2002 helpful templates, tools, and checklists to aid companies to comply with regulations. This approach has been used by INDA, a forum of European associations interested in hazardous goods transport, operating on a pan-European basis since 2005. Know Your Customer Developed by the National Counter Terrorism Security Office in conjunction with the Chemical Industries Association and CBA, the ‘Know Your Customer’ campaign aims to remind the industry of the need for vigilance in vetting new customers – and provides a checklist and posters for companies’ sales staff. If there is anything suspicious about the customer, companies are asked to contact the Anti-Terrorism Hotline on 0800 789321. Secure Your Chemicals Produced by the Home Office and the Health & Safety Executive in conjunction with CBA and CIA from the original Know Your Customer programme, the ‘Secure Your Chemicals’ initiative extends best practice to the users of hazardous chemicals in the metal surface treatment industry. International Chemical Trade Association (ICTA) ICTA represents 1,300 chemical distributors worldwide and, in 2018, developed its own Responsible Care Security Code, based in part on the CBA system, as well as adopting the best practices contained in the CBA Code of Conduct on Trade Controls. I serve as the Director of Security for ICTA. European Representation CBA is a member of the European Commission’s Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear and Explosives Committee and a member of the European Commission’s Standing Committee on Explosives Precursors.

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| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

INTERNATIONAL ENGAGEMENT CBA commits significant resources to engaging with organisations focused on awareness-raising and capacity building by responding to invitations to speak at international conferences throughout Europe, the Middle and Far East. India, Pakistan, and North Africa. Delegates have attended these events representing Government Departments, national Customs, Security Services, academia, and a wide range of industrial sectors – from manufacturing and distribution, to storage and transport Assisting in awareness raising and capacity building in other countries not only helps to secure the domestic market but also to align wherever possible regulations and systems in other countries helping to both harmonise and stabilise export requirements. As a result, CBA has developed a continuing working relationship with all the following organisations that currently sponsor security-led initiatives around the world United States Department of State The State Department is the Washington-based federal executive responsible for carrying out US foreign policy and international relations. G7 Global Partnership The G7 consists of the world’s seven largest economies Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the USA. The G7 Global Partnership is an international initiative with 31 active members aimed at preventing the proliferation of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons and related materials.

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Interpol – ChemEx & CRIMP programmes Headquartered in Lyon, France, Interpol is an intergovernmental organization with 194 member countries. It shares data on crimes and criminals, and offers a range of technical, operational support, and chemical security programmes. Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) The OPCW is an inter-governmental organisation created to implement the 1997 Chemicals Weapon Convention and focuses on the permanent elimination of chemical weapons. It has 193 member states and is based in The Hague, Netherlands. United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) UNIDIR is an autonomous agency of the United Nations established in 1980 to focus on international security and disarmament. Through its research projects, publications, meetings, and expert networks, UNIDIR promotes dialogue on the disarmament and security priorities. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Based in Vienna, Austria, UNODC was established to help the Untied Nations provide a coordinated response to the interrelated issues of illicit trafficking in drugs, crime prevention and criminal justice, international terrorism, and political corruption. World Customs Organisation (WCO) – Programme Global Shield WCO’s Global Shield Programme began in 2010 to counter the increased use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) that are the most prevalent form of explosives used by terrorists. Global Shield is a partnership between the WCO, Interpol, and UNODC and monitors the common chemical precursors that could be used in IEDs


| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Chemical strongholds – is your storage of hazardous materials tough enough? Terry Batten of Technocover discusses the secure containment of chemicals and hazardous substances as they face growing risks as potential targets of criminal or even terrorist infiltration. Manufacturing and process industries routinely handle and store chemical, biological and radioactive (CBR) materials and other toxic substances, with rigorous measures ensuring the safety of operatives and personnel working with them. But these substances could pose catastrophic risks to employees, the public and even national security should they get into the wrong hands. The rise in global terrorism has seen a tightening in legislation and guidelines for the secure storage of hazardous substances including toxins, radioactive materials as well as precursor chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide or ammonium nitrate. Compliant security of chemicals is becoming an increasing challenge for sites carrying out R&D, chemical formulation and production processes as they also adapt to the ongoing need to reorganise and expand operational space.

MULTI-LAYERED Depending on the assessed risks specific to a site, secure storage will rely on a multi-layered system of security technology and management protocols. This may include perimeter security, CCTV, biometrics, alarms, and an adopted system of access control (solenoid, fob or key activated door entry/locking), allowing different levels of site movement for authorised personnel. These layers provide a series of physical barriers and surveillance for intercepting and impeding the progress of an intruder towards assets or materials of critical value on site. Often acting as the last line of defence against infiltration will be an engineered physical structure such as a high security door, proprietary security kiosk or similar stronghold. But how can we be sure these final defences will meet site-specific risks for the secure containment of chemicals and other hazardous materials, while sustaining safe and efficient day-to day operations? Would the physical security you have in place pass inspection by a compliance assessor? If not, you may need to review operations, causing potential disruption with impacts to project deadlines, deliveries and customer service. It is therefore important to make sure storage arrangements for chemicals provide an appropriate standard of security performance based on the perceived risk of crime.

SIMULATED ATTACK TESTS The most reliable route to compliance is by using high security equipment whose performance has been certified and graded according to its tested resistance under simulated attack. This has seen the growing adoption of the LPCB (Loss Prevention Certification Board) approval system for critical assets and infrastructure, accepted by the UK government as an appropriate certification regime alongside CPNI badged systems. LPCB certifies security products to the rigorous criteria of LPS 1175, a performance test standard for intruder resistant systems originally developed, and still recommended, by the UK insurance industry. Products are awarded a

security rating – from SR1 to SR5 (anti-terror) – according to a hierarchy of risk scenarios involving different attack tools and duration, updated in response to Home Office guidance. Manufacturers are now working to an updated LPS 1175 test (issue 8) reflecting the latest changes in the landscape of physical security risk. Significantly, LPCB approval is not based on a one-off type test; it involves regular audits to ensure on-going production units comply with the prevailing test standard and any revisions. This provides ultimate confidence of system performance and is one reason why LPCB certified products are widely adopted by the utilities and other areas of critical national infrastructure (CNI), and also meet the criteria of Secured By Design accreditation.

SECURE CONTAINMENT As a specialist in the turnkey delivery of LPCB certified security solutions for CNI and other high risk, high value assets, Technocover has developed a proven approach to secure containment for scientific, manufacturing and hightech environments. Many applications can be met by standard products from the company’s LPCB approved, fabricated steel UltraSecure range, for example, through the installation of a high security enclosure, cage, window louvres and bar sets with the appropriate security rating. However, effective containment, especially when retrofitted, often needs a carefully tailored solution to dovetail with challenging spaces and very different storage scenarios, as well as integrating with an established suite of access control and security management. In industry, a trend is emerging for large-scale enclosures and cages to secure groups of critical assets, and for bespoke products to bring refurbished premises, extensions or re-appropriated space in line with security needs. This evolving sophistication cannot always be effectively met by cherry picking off-the-shelf security products. It requires the early involvement of experienced manufacturers whose security engineering can push both the spatial and operational envelope while remaining within the scope of third party approval.

EARLY INVOLVEMENT Early involvement with the client and its facilities management team is crucial in delivering bespoke installations to make sure they are ‘right first time’ and perform as expected. Technocover achieves this through ‘Total Service’. This approach screens every aspect of the proposed solution – its design, location, installation and operation – to identify and resolve potential snags while maximising opportunities for efficiency gains and cost savings. Aiming for the lowest cost solution, it addresses every possible aspect of product life cycle to ensure the best return on investment, from maximising the buildability and operational advantages of the design, to ensuring a high quality system finish for long, low maintenance service.

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| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

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1 Designed, manufactured and installed by Technocover, a large, fully kitted out UltraSecure kiosk sited adjacent to storage tanks

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2 UltraSecure mesh cage with sliding gate providing visibility and ventilation of protected asset 3 Secure containment in one laboratory was solved by a Technocover UltraSecure modular five-sided cage (LPCB SR4). (Unit has three sets of twin-leaf mesh gates and is shown in factory without roof.) 4 Technocover UltraSecure door and mesh internal hardening

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The greater the complexity and benefits sought, the tougher it is to achieve them within the scope of LPCB third party approval. More and more clients are relying on the engineering know-how of LPCB specialists like Technocover, which has over 26 years’ experience in designing solutions that fully exploit, but do not unnecessarily exceed, the envelope of their security certification.

and maintain compliance with security standards and assured procedures.

There is also a need for coordinated planning and integration with adopted security technologies – compatible certified locking, access control, alarms, CCTV, and so on.

SECURE STORAGE IN THE LABORATORY

Clients can consider and manage the full continuum of service life needs, ‘designing out’ health and safety risks, maximising operational efficiency, and insuring against unexpected modifications that can be disruptive and costly.

INTEGRATED PHYSICAL SECURITY

Laboratories are among the types of setting that may require bespoke, certificated LPCB solutions for the protection of hazardous chemicals as well as controlled materials, including drugs and medicines.

Leading the way in smart, integrated suites of physical security, Technocover provides a comprehensive range of solutions to meet varied needs and levels of assessed risk. Products include high security doors (including fire rated models), access covers, solid wall and mesh enclosures (cabinets, kiosks and cages), partitions and panels, louvres and window bar sets, plus a wide range of access control, locking and other accessories.

A recent project involved the design of a special protective cage and access system to secure a refrigerator and incubator within a university unit. Meeting the need for external visibility of the protected assets, Technocover designed and installed a five-sided cage system, tested and approved to LPCB SR4 (LPS 1175 Issue 7; certificate number 450i).

The company builds many contingencies into the UltraSecure product designs that it submits to the demanding LPS 1175 performance tests of LPCB approval. Options such as louvre venting, vision panels and special anchoring systems provide flexibility to adapt solutions to varying and unpredictable spatial and operational needs, while fulfilling the required LPCB security rating.

DESIGN MODULARITY Design modularity allows secure kiosks and mesh enclosures to be scaled up to large sizes and configured to unusual footprints, roof layouts or lean-to applications. It also facilitates offsite construction of kiosks pre-fitted with M&E services, which can be craned in to reduce asset downtime and site congestion. Technically rigorous but highly flexible, the approach can help production sites to better manage operational change

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The company has just achieved an updated LPCB 450i certificate for a ‘Hybrid Case System’ with the options of solid panel construction, a removable roof, or roof access hatch for even greater flexibility to meet operational needs.

ADAPTABLE ENGINEERING Today’s certified security equipment can do much more than provide a last line of defence for hazardous chemicals on the manufacturing site. Look for a security provider that can offer adaptable engineering that will dovetail with your changing production space, house security and add value to operational efficiency and personnel safety. info: www.technocover.co.uk tel: 01938 555511


| securing the chemical supply chain |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

LOCKEN launches first contactless access control solution for explosive environments Access control within explosive environments must meet the requirements of health & safety regulator ATEX. The dangers of “explosive atmospheres” have led to strict regulations, requiring the use of fully licensed equipment in high-risk areas. LOCKEN PROVIDES CONTACTLESS ACCESS CONTROL TECHNOLOGY, ADAPTED TO EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES LOCKEN’s electronic access control incorporates a new contactless technology patented by its parent company, ISEO, which allows it to meet the new standards for operating within explosive environments. The main areas concerned are the energy sector, notably gas and hydrocarbons, chemicals, timber and household waste. However, agri-food is also an industry requiring ATEX certified access - mainly because of the accumulated wheat dust in the silos. An explosive atmosphere is formed mainly due to the presence of flammable gases or dust. The explosion can be triggered by a spark, mechanical or electrical, or by a local source, for example due to the friction of two pieces of metal.

AN ELECTRIC POWER-FREE OPENING FOR ATEX CERTIFIED ACCESS CONTROL! In the case of electronic access control, the danger comes less from the mechanical part of the key than from its electronic component. If the transmission of information between the key and the cylinder is carried out through an electric contact, an electric arc can form and thus a spark that will be enough to ignite the surrounding explosive materials. By incorporating an inductive technology key into its solution, LOCKEN is the first to bring a complete access control solution designed for explosive environments. The new key transmits the information to the cylinder through an electromagnetic induction coil located at the heart of the key. As a result, an electric current does not pass between the key and the cylinder: no electric arc, and therefore no spark, can form.

2. As communication between the key and the cylinder is non-contact, it is not disturbed by potential damage, such as oxidation, wear or dust present in the cylinder. It offers unrivalled robustness. Thanks to its Bluetooth module, the electronic key can communicate with the user’s smartphone via the MyLocken app, enabling control and management of access on a caseby-case basis and in real time, an additional guarantee of security, which is usually reserved for online access control.

This state-of-the-art technology has enabled LOCKEN to obtain ATEX certification for its access control solution.

Led by LOCKEN smart Access management software, the solution provides enhanced access management and perfect traceability.

Approved to ATEX II 2 G Ex ib IIB T4, the solution is suitable for gas delivery and regulation stations, specific hydrocarbon processing and distribution infrastructures and chemical factory enclosures. It is also suitable for areas where an explosive mixture of gas, vapour or mist may “occasionally” occur in “normal operation”.

Catherine Laug, Marketing Director of LOCKEN explains: “Meeting ATEX legislation guarantees that our latest access control innovation, the new contactless key, is safe to use at potentially hazardous sites, enabling us to provide the most robust and future-proof solution to our customers.

The intrinsic characteristics of the key (label ib of “intrinsic safety”), and its maximum operating temperature (T4), allow it to be used safely in the presence of a gas as highly explosive as ethylene, as well as slightly less dangerous gases such as propane (II B).

“Several large-scale organisations in the chemicals industries have already opted for the LOCKEN smart key solution and we are looking forward to working with many more in the future.” For more information please visit www.locken.eu, find us on LinkedIn or telephone 0203 691 1610.

SAFETY AND PERFORMANCE In addition to adapting to all environments, this revolutionary technology has two other major advantages: 1. It allows an almost instantaneous opening, since the exchange of information between the key and the cylinder takes place in less than 80 milliseconds.

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| big interview |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Environmental firm’s chemical reaction When environmental consultancy SLR acquired leading process safety management company HFL Consulting late last year, the two proved a dream fit. HFL Consulting’s team would build on SLR’s existing capability, said the latter’s European regional manager, Alan Edwards. “The thing we like about HFL Consulting and what attracted us initially is their safety management aspect. We are environmental consultants and so this high-level strategic advice HFL Consulting offers was very attractive. “In addition, they provide not just design and safety compliance on plant, but also focus on training and developing people to improve the management consultancy side of things too.” HFL Consulting has a tremendous track record in relation to engineering and training services across the process industries, the chemicals, oil and gas, polymer, pharmaceutical, healthcare and waste sectors in particular. It delivers a comprehensive set of services promoting safety and efficiency in design, operation, maintenance, modification and decommissioning of complex hazardous facilities. Its team takes the number of staff under Alan’s supervision to 450 and the number of offices in Europe to 22. SLR itself already has a respected presence in the field of process engineering, mostly in the thermal treatment of waste and biomass energy, so HFL Consulting’s suite of skills are a natural extension to its portfolio. Alan said: “We have been doing compliance work for a few sectors, including food and drink, but HFL Consulting provides us with access to a much wider range of clients in the commercial, pharmaceutical and oil and gas industries. “It’s interesting how much overlap there is between the two companies in terms of process services safety, but HFL Consulting does bring that important advisory discipline, as well as improving our coverage in the industrial sector. “What we were really interested in was the virtual planning they do – we saw synergies, using that platform, in planning and development operations across all sectors.

“What was clear from the outset too was the cultural aspect. They are great people and very easy to get on with. They just look to do a good job and as such, they are a great fit.” SLR had done little work in the chemical industry until now, certainly far short of what it would have liked. “We have done a lot of work regarding plant quality in the chemical industry, which is a complementary service of course,” he said, “but this provides us with a great entry point into chemicals and pharmaceuticals generally.” HFL Consulting follows hot on the heels of another acquisition, that of mining advisory business RPA, which has its headquarters in Toronto and an office in London. Globally, SLR now has 1500 members of staff spread across five continents – Europe, North America, Africa and Asia Pacific. While the European arm currently shoulders the bulk of the business, SLR’s operations are expanding globally by the year. It began life as an American company called Secor, which opened an office in the UK, near Oxford to be precise, in 1994. In 2000, Secor had four offices but decided it wanted to retrench to the US, so there was a management buy-out, at which point it was rebranded SLR. Alan said: “Growth was steady until 2007/8, when it was still mostly operating in the UK. However, businesses were then acquired in Canada, Australia and Africa, at which point SLR became a truly international business. “It has gone from the UK being the source of 80% of its business to 35% today.” The nature of the business has evolved too. Back in 1994, construction aggregates and waste management were key. Today there is a much wider spread. “In Europe, around 12% of our turn-over is industrial, about 20% is oil and gas, and the rest is equally split across infrastructure domains such as power, built environment and built resolution,” he said. “We have a deliberately broad spectrum. Each sector has a different biorhythm and all contribute to our economic performance.”

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SLR NOW HAS 1500 MEMBERS OF STAFF SPREAD ACROSS FIVE CONTINENTS – EUROPE, NORTH AMERICA, AFRICA AND ASIA PACIFIC.


| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| big interview |

Alan Edwards

“We have been doing compliance work for a few sectors, including food and drink, but HFL provides us with access to a much wider range of clients in the commercial, pharmaceutical and oil and gas industries.� Alan Edwards, SLR European regional manager

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hfl

consulting Safety Sustainability Profitability

Supporting sustainably safe and profitable operations. Most would agree that good business performance is linked to good operational and process safety performance, built on sound practices and procedures. At HFL Consulting, we provide a unique blend of leadership, management, consulting, engineering and training services, that makes us the natural partner of choice for many of the UK’s most prominent chemical manufacturing and chemical using companies. Find out more about how we can help improve your performance. T 0161 304 5902 E info@hflconsulting.uk W hflconsulting.uk

People Plant Process Productivity HFL Consulting is now part of SLR; a global leader in environmental and advisory solutions. Together, we provide world-class solutions and advice to our clients.


| a week in the life of |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Karl Grey

Account Director

early starts and a busy schedule all in a weeks work for an account director MONDAY

THURSDAY

Mondays are usually spent in the office with my team, and this morning we’re discussing our current sales and marketing activity, and I’m also reviewing our overall marketing strategy to ensure we’re meeting the various milestones we set ourselves earlier in the year.

Thursday’s plans involve a train to London for a meeting in the morning with some of our London Market broking team, to discuss some of the potential clients we’re talking with and agreeing strategies to enable us to deliver the cover enhancements and premium targets we agreed with those businesses.

There’s a monthly management meeting in the afternoon, followed by a meeting with our marketing team to discuss activity over the next month and a couple of larger projects that are planned for Q1 2020.

TUESDAY Tuesday involves a 5.30 start in Surrey ahead of meetings with some of the trade associations we work with (some for more than 20 years) to discuss how we can maximise the value we deliver to them and their members and outline our strategy for 2020. I’m meeting a potential client for the first time in the afternoon on the way up to my home for the night in Cheshire, ahead of another meeting first thing the following day. These meetings are always incredibly interesting, as you never know just what you’re going to find when you start scratching the surface.

WEDNESDAY Wednesday morning is an early(ish) start with another new potential client who wants us to give them a comprehensive review of their insurance and risk management strategy ahead of their renewal in 2020. The owner feels that the improvements and investment the business has made in recent years is not reflected in their insurance premiums, and is also interested in some of the best practice that OAMPS can share as a result of helping many of his peers improve their risk profile.

Lunch with underwriters to discuss an upcoming renewal is followed by a meeting with a team of Cyber Insurance specialists to progress some marketing activity for 2020.

FRIDAY Friday starts with an internal meeting analysing our relationships with two of our major clients. These meetings are attended by a selection of the service team members, and cover all aspects of the respective businesses, our relationships with them and have been designed to identify how we can add any extra value to them – whether this is something as simple as helping them with their risk profile, new lines of protection or other commercial angles, we rarely leave anything out, and clients are sometimes surprised at what we know about them! In the afternoon I have a client meeting with a business that is going through some significant changes, and we’re going to discuss the most cost-effective ways of ensuring these changes don’t expose the balance sheet. www.oamps.co.uk

I’ll drop in on an existing client on the way back to Surrey to catch up on the site changes they’re implementing.

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Temporary steam solutions Reliable, safe, and efficient equipment and services for the time you need it.

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• Advanced control and optional remote monitoring • Up to 72 hours of unsupervised operation

• Bespoke solution designed to ful�ll your needs

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We still provide compressed 100% oil-free air too!

For more information on our steam or oil-free air solutions visit our website www.atlascopco.com/en-uk/rental Get in touch with our team at 0800 – 169 661 or e-mail us at industrial.rental@atlascopco.com


| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| news |

Fertiliser scheme could solve Mexico’s seaweed problem Mexico’s tourist beaches could be cleared of rotting seaweed by a new scheme to turn it into fertiliser and fuel. University of Exeter scientists are working on plans to collect Sargassum seaweed and use a process called “hydrothermal liquefaction” to create biofuel and highquality, low-cost fertiliser. The seaweed blooms, whose growth is partly fuelled by fertilisers washing into the sea from farming activity in the Americas, covers beaches in Mexico, the Caribbean and elsewhere with piles of rotting, foul-smelling Sargassum. This harms tourism and fisheries, leading to expensive and relentless clean-up operations, and can have environmental impacts such as smothering sea grasses and coral reefs. The plan to collect and process the seaweed is among the Exeter projects boosted today by a £615,572 grant from UK Research and Innovation’s (UKRI) Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF). “Last year, millions of tonnes of Sargassum hit the Mexican Caribbean coastline, damaging and degrading coral reefs and marine ecosystems, and decimating the local tourist industry,” said Professor Mike Allen, who is leading the fertiliser project. “We can turn this mess into an economic opportunity. “Hydrothermal liquefaction not only turns this unwanted seaweed into fuel and fertiliser which could be sold – it can also turn any plastic waste mixed in into fuel too. “There are still big questions to be addressed – such as whether to collect and process the seaweed at sea or on land – but we know the method works.”

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The team, which includes Professor Chris Chuck at the University of Bath and Professor Julio Suárez of Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, will analyse the resulting fertiliser and market it to farmers whose crops need that mix of nutrients. The fuel produced would initially be used to power the liquefaction process, and any excess could be sold. Research published earlier this year, authored by Professor Allen and Professor Chuck, found that marine plastic pollution “may well represent an opportunity, rather than a threat” to the successful production of biofuel by hydrothermal liquefaction – a process that involves subjecting materials to high temperature and pressure to create a number of by-products. Initially it was thought that contaminating plastic might hinder any industrial-scale process based on harvesting seaweed bloom material. Instead, the team found the plastic could be converted back into a crude oil like substance. “This project is looking at Mexico’s seaweed problem in particular, but a similar method could be applied in many other parts of the world for a variety of environmental problems,” said Professor Allen. “It could help clear water hyacinth in Lake Victoria, and it can also be used to get rid of heavy metal contaminants such as those in the lakes around Hanoi in Vietnam.” This project has been funded as part of UKRI’s GCRF Innovation and Commercialisation Programme, developed to fast track promising research findings into real-world solutions.


| logistics |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

A road map for the transport of dangerous goods By Caroline Raine

Chairman of the British Association of Dangerous Goods Professionals

In Great Britain the legal requirements for the transport of dangerous goods are set out in the Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2009 (“CDG 2009”), SI 2009 No 1348 which came into force on 1 July 2009. The CDG Regulations implement the European Agreement Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, otherwise known as ADR, and ADR 2019 is the current version that is in use. ADR is split into 9 different parts; Part 1. Aims and duties, definitions, exemptions, training. Part 2. Classification. Part 3. The dangerous goods list (including special provisions and exemptions related to limited quantities). Part 4. Packing and tank provisions. Part 5. Consignment procedures, including documentation and vehicle marking. Part 6. Construction and testing of packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBC), large packagings and tanks. Part 7. Carriage, loading, unloading and handling. Part 8. Vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation (including driver training). Part 9. Construction and approval of vehicles. The Department for Transport (DfT) is the competent authority for Great Britain and has agreed several variations from ADR which are laid out in a DfT Approved Document - Carriage of Dangerous Goods: Approved Derogations and Transitional Provisions (ADTP). In the ADTP companies may take advantage of the reduced legal requirements, saving them both time and money.

For example, Road Derogation 2 provides an exemption from the need to carry transport documents. This is only relevant when goods are being transported under the small load exemption as defined in ADR 1.1.3.6 but is nevertheless a well-used exemption saving companies considerable sums of money, and trees due to the reduction in paperwork being generated! Within ADR there are a few relaxations and exemptions that companies can also benefit from, for example the small load exemption in ADR 1.1.3.6. There is also the option to send goods as limited quantities; if the goods meet the requirements then money is to be saved on packaging. For extremely small quantities of goods being sent there is the excepted quantities or “de minimis quantities”, and many dangerous goods have special provisions that relax the requirements. To benefit from the reduced requirements companies should seek advice from their Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor (DGSA) who will be best placed to offer advice and assistance. Transporting dangerous goods is a complicated affair, the regulations are complex, detailed and have so many different rules to adhere to. When transporting dangerous goods, the goods must be correctly classified, then there are the packaging, labelling, marking and documentation requirements to be considered. And that is just for packaged goods, for bulk shipments placarding also needs to be considered. Then there are the requirements for equipment and training, and already we have quite a list and I haven’t really got started yet! Fortunately, there are lots of places to seek help and assistance. The first port of call must be the Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor (DGSA) and if your company does not already have one then one should be appointed asap as it is a legal requirement to have a DGSA under ADR 1.8.3 (there are of course some exceptions!) The British Association of Dangerous Goods Professionals (BADGP) is a not-for-profit organisation that is there to support DGSAs and those who transport dangerous goods. BADGP produce regulatory updates and newsletters and host regular seminars and webinars on key topics. Each year they hold their annual general meeting (AGM) with topical presentations on key regulation changes or other relevant hot topics.

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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| logistics |

The Chemical Hazard Communication Society (CHCS) is another not-for-profit organisation who support those who write safety data sheets, and deal with the regulations related to the supply of chemicals, for example, Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP). CHCS also supports its members through regulatory updates, newsletters, seminars and webinars and an AGM that follows a similar format to BADGP’s. CHCS also offer a suite of training modules to help safety data sheet authors and of interest to those who transport dangerous goods will be module 8 - classification for transport and module 10 Transport Labelling and Documentation (10.208).

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Caroline Raine Chairman of BADGP, Council member of CHCS, Trainer on CHCS modules 8 and 10. British Association of Dangerous Goods Professionals, BADGP enquiries@badgp.org Chemical Hazard Communication Society CHCS www.chcs.org.uk t: + 44 (0) 333 210 2427 e:Â enquiries@chcs.org.uk


| logistics |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Breaking new ground – finding the right logistics partner in new territories The choice of a logistics partner can make or break a business, especially when operating in a new territory for the first time. When it comes to finding the right one, it pays to avoid shortcuts. More than ever, compromising reliability and reputation for lower rates is a risk that is not worth taking. To help companies find the right logistics partner, Gary Dodsworth, Road Director at Rhenus Logistics UK, outlines four crucial areas to explore before committing. CUSTOMER SERVICE The two most important features for the relationship between the logistics provider and its customers are transparency and flexibility. These are both readily achieved if the logistics partner has a comprehensive technological infrastructure. Offering ‘real-time’ updates and the ability to predict seasonal trends are no longer ‘added value’ offered by few; instead, they are expected by all. Due to the logistics industry’s susceptibility to external factors, such as weather conditions, consistent communication ensures customer expectations can be effectively managed. The right logistics provider should also be flexible in the scale of operations needed. Market fluctuations mean demand can rise and fall at any time. A logistics partner needs to be able to scale their operations to meet changing customer needs, so a supplier with experience supporting companies with a range of requirements would be a good choice.

COMPANY REPUTATION Almost all providers will claim to offer excellent customer service, which is why you need to do your homework. Ask yourself three questions: what does their overall track record look like? Are they known in the industry for providing excellent service? Do they have long-standing clients? Speaking to existing customers and seeking references will be key when identifying if a potential supplier is as ‘customer-centric’ as they promise to be. It must also be

noted that maintaining high customer service cannot be achieved without excelling in other areas, for example, health & safety.

COST Cost will inevitably play some part in the selection of a provider. However, it should not be the sole criterion. What you may be gaining through a cheaper deal may result in late deliveries, higher errors and subsequent cost reductions to compensate unhappy customers. A good provider may be more expensive upfront; however, it will ensure customer expectations are always met and exceeded, saving money in the long run.

LOCATION Another factor that is crucial when searching for a logistics partner is its geographical coverage. If, like Rhenus, a provider has numerous operating hubs across the globe, or even a few operational gateways situated in strategic locations for your business, you will be able to benefit from a seamless international delivery service. Choosing the right logistics partner requires an investment of time to ensure the right decision is made. Focusing on these key areas will help streamline decision-making and ensure you select the most suitable partner. For more information on Rhenus’ offering please visit: www.rhenus.com/en/uk

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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| logistics |

“A logistics partner needs to be able to scale their operations to meet changing customer needs, so a supplier with experience supporting companies with a range of requirements would be a good choice.� Gary Dodsworth, Road Director at Rhenus Logistics UK

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| logistics |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Outsourced logistics is a key differentiator for chemical companies A recent report on the use of specialist chemical logistics providers found a significant lack of understanding of how much competitive advantage using an outsourced resource can bring. In its survey of chemical companies, Camelot Management Consultants found nearly 50% of those interviewed feared a ‘loss of control’ by out-sourcing their logistics function and a similar percentage, mainly small to medium-sized producers, see logistics merely as a cost centre. These companies require a fuller appreciation of how efficient, re-engineered and flexible supply chain management provided by seasoned experts can differentiate their chemical product in any given market. Dachser is one of Europe’s largest specialist groupage logistics providers which has developed a bespoke industry solution specifically designed for the chemical industry – Dachser Chem-Logistics. With decades of experience in handling dangerous goods, a dedicated central team of Safety Advisors almost 15,000 staff trained in the safe movement of chemicals, Dachser is able to transport sensitive goods reliably, quickly and flexibly throughout Europe. Utilising its extensive European road network, Dachser manages the chemical product’s total supply chain from procurement via interim storage, packaging and handling to final distribution. This approach optimises the logistics balance sheets of chemical manufacturers, giving them a competitive advantage when it comes to pricing their products. Also critical to achieving a competitive edge for customers is the ability to track their valuable shipments progress and condition throughout the supply chain. Dachser’s globally-integrated network and standardised data processing enables exporters and importers alike to access real-time status information. Dachser’s famed, tailored approach to its customers’ requirements is the result of decades of industry experience in creating customer-specific supply chain solutions. At the forefront of this is compliance with the continually evolving industry regulations and increasing demand for environmental sustainability. Accomplishing these tasks requires a well-tuned dangerous goods system for transport and handling, as well as extensive chemical industry expertise and up-to-date knowledge. Dachser’s dedicated teams of Dangerous Goods Safety Advisors are fully trained in the safe movement of chemicals, demonstrated through SQAS assessments and ISO 27001 accreditation.

A further conclusion Camelot drew from its recent survey was that to a great degree the future viability of increasingly complex chemical supply chains is very dependent on the ability of those involved to innovate. Respondents to the survey in many cases recommended the deployment of outsourced logistics experts who are better equipped to explore effective elements of innovation and invest in systems, processes and assets that the chemical company can benefit from without a disproportionate expenditure. Dachser constantly review the best technology available and operates a globally standardised IT system to ensure complete transparency and high flexibility in the management of chemical shipments. In order to exchange knowledge and data quickly, the logistics provider has round-the-clock access to a worldwide hazardous goods database; this includes European road transport as well as worldwide air and ocean freight. The monitoring of quantity limits, transport and storage bans is exclusively IT-supported. The integrated IT systems can guarantee endto-end shipment tracking and data protection is certified in accordance with ISO 27001. The crucial elements of supply chain management – visibility, reliability, flexibility and security – are therefore ensured through an outsourced service, which is competitively costed and available with all the advantages of modern technology. Utilisation of these services by chemical suppliers changes the traditional attitudes towards the logistics function from one of non-profitable cost centre to one from which competitive advantage in the marketplace can be extracted significantly. www.dachser.co.uk

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YOUR CHEMICAL LOGISTICS SPECALISTS AEO, ISO 9001, ISO 14001 & SQAS accredited Full customs clearance available worldwide Daily European ADR groupage, LTL, FTL Customer IT Portal Track & Trace WebOrder

More information 0161 886 4200

chemuk@uk.rhenus.com

rhenus.com/en/uk

GLOBAL LOGISTICS SOLUTIONS BY LAND, AIR & SEA

www.linkedin.com/company/ rhenus-logistics-limited-uk/


THE CHALLENGES OF THE CHEMICAL SUPPLY-CHAIN: The chemical industry is arguably one of the most separated in terms of consumption and production locations, making the industry among the most heavily reliant on international and national transport. While this in itself is a challenge, maintaining a successful chemical supply-chain only adds to the complex nature of the chemical industry. Producers must consider the environmental and regulatory restrictions the chemical supply-chain faces. For a business in the chemical industry, this makes choosing the right logistics partner a crucial decision. This decision is often influenced by more than one aspect, with price, reliability of service, and security playing an important role in the decision. However, one point is crucial no matter the type of shipment; any business looking to transport chemical goods needs to work with a logistics provider they can trust. With its own trained, chemical logistics teams, Rhenus gives advice and importantly, provides solutions for moving hazardous goods across Europe, and the globe, thanks to its network of 660 Rhenus owned locations. Rhenus’ chemical teams stay up-to-date with the latest legislation for the transportation of chemical products, ensuring goods are moved from country to country in accordance with the correct documentary and transport requirements. From its locations across the UK, Rhenus provides its customers with a comprehensive service. These facilities include state-of-the-art hubs in Basildon, Bradford, Cannock, and Manchester, all of which operate to SQAS (Security & Quality Assessment Systems) accreditation standard, with the provider scoring above the European average in 2019. As a family-owned company, Rhenus promotes values of customer focus, integrity, entrepreneurialism and continuity throughout its workforce to ensure a true partnership with its customer base. In keeping with these values, customers can benefit from a dedicated account manager, providing a single point of contact, delivering supply chain transparency through regular updates and KPIs.

UNIQUE CUSTOMER LOGISTICS SOLUTIONS: Data and automation are becoming ever more crucial to the complete supply-chain solution. This pressure for automation is particularly real in the chemical logistics industry, where automation can provide tangible benefits in the form of safer and more efficient transportation and storage of chemical goods. This becomes particularly relevant for chemical companies who see the safety of their goods and flexibility of the supply chain as top priorities. Over the past few years, Rhenus has invested in new facilities and in the enhancement of its network, introducing new state-of-the-art facilities and industry synergies as it seeks to improve upon and future proof its service offering. However, it’s the investment in digital infrastructure that has really set Rhenus apart for its chemical customers in recent years. Customers can use Rhenus’ “Customer Portal” to access an IT dashboard providing easy Track & Trace options, Online booking and direct EDI connections. Rhenus’ WebOrder system has proved particularly popular with customers looking for a greater degree of control over their shipments. For customers producing more substantial quantities of chemical goods, Rhenus’ integrated IT solutions ensure that transacting with your local Rhenus office is as efficient and straightforward as possible, even providing customers with the capability to barcode shipments prior to collection to provide the maximum visibility from the moment they are placed into Rhenus’ care. Whatever the requirement, Rhenus’ dedicated and experienced customer service teams ensure your chemical business can benefit from a local service, tailor-made to your individual needs.

A GLOBAL NETWORK: With access to over 660 Rhenus owned locations, and home to 31,000 Rhenus Logistics experts, those partnering with Rhenus can be confident that no matter the challenge, Rhenus will find the right logistics solution. Offering solutions by Road, Air & Ocean, customers can move ADR shipments globally from or to the UK, with the option to choose the most suitable transport type for the shipment in question.

GET IN TOUCH: CHEMUK@UK.RHENUS.COM


| viewpoint |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

the times they are A-changing Innovations in consumer applications increasingly find their extension in B2B, and the chemical industry continues to seek those that have the potential to add value to the entire supply chain, all in times of an unprecedented change. We speak with Natalia McDonagh on the role of brand, innovation, and organisational empowerment.

a continual process, and each decision should be based on the careful evaluation of the market conditions, the market forces, to give the company the strongest possible ground to build on for their brand value proposition. The process of change also comes from an understanding of where the world around us is heading. Everyone today is more informed than ever before - the evolution of the Industry 4.0 and the Internet of Things continue to reshape our perception of daily experience. This includes how we evaluate our need for certain purchase, how the decision is made and the experiences both ourselves and our business partners expect to have as we all interact on a B2B and B2C level.

Natalia McDonagh A strong brand equity is a prized asset. Change management can increasingly be found on the list of essential skillset for leaders across various business functions, the actual process to address the need for change must come second. First is the vision, the company culture, values, beliefs, all of which intrinsically define the essence of the brand. Whilst being the staple of a successful organisation, brand is an evolving concept where so many elements weave their strengths together to create a story; the story which conveys the thoughts, feelings and emotions that people have when they hear the name. There is not one department who is to assume the main responsibility to nurture the positivity of the organisational culture and identify daily opportunities to take the company forward. And as brand touchpoints grow, it is vital to stay true to that story. An organisation relies on their employees to create memorable experiences to bring the brand promise to life, and the inherent process of change we are discussing here will have an impact on the perception of what brand is about from everybody within the organisation. The memorable experience will differ between individuals, their roles; will depend on their daily pressures and challenges. Effective brand management is

As consumers we are able to find out almost anything we want to about a company in seconds. How does that affect the speed of response we expect? How fast is now considered fast enough? Three days? A day? An hour? Expectations are on the rise exponentially, affecting the perceived value of the brand and the customer experience. The brand consistency matters like never before: each of the many customer interaction points can make or break the experience, customer business and customer loyalty. The concept of digital convenience, where product availability and the assurance that the product will be delivered on time, in full, and in compliance with specifications, are often named as the two most important criteria. It is receiving much debate in the marketing community across all industries including the chemical industry. The strong brand comes from truthful realisation of what the customer needs, built on the solid base of accurate self-awareness. Whilst speed has now become a prerequisite, customer experience is based on so many more aspects: the quality and availability of products, new ideas, provision of added-value services, technical and regulatory support, ability to have a discussion in a forum of industry experts, interactive tools at our fingertips, ease of information access. Successful marketing is about enabling sustainable growth. Planning would invariably start with an audit: evaluation of the strategic objectives short and long term, what resources the company has currently and also is within their ability to obtain and apply, the operational reach, the structure

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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| viewpoint |

and level of diversity of their teams, those cultural stories that would have their strong reflection in the daily working experiences of the teams, all undoubtedly having their influence on the experiences of customers receiving the service. The teams with their customer interaction points will mirror the company in how they carry the brand, and the topic of Employee Experience and Engagement should rightly be elevated to the top of the list of a strategic marketing action plan. The call for innovation permeates across functions. Not too long ago, for instance, the value of trade events was questioned, and online conferencing was predicted to take over as the preferred channel of communications. However, instead of combatting for power, these two marketing vehicles now work in harmony, as digital innovation continues to be embraced by all. It is fantastic to witness the power of industry collaboration: I am delighted to see the chemical industry events going from strength to strength, offering some of the essential platforms to foster innovation and facilitate the share of knowledge, expertise, and passion, to benefit us all, the industry and consumers alike. The CHEMUK EXPO had a remarkable launch last year, SPE Offshore, SCS Formulate, Surfex, H3i, Interplas, Making Pharma, industry gatherings in the food & nutrition and animal nutrition, among others all continue to deliver

year on year, providing an unrivalled opportunity to engage with the new generation of professionals entering the industry. The support of the industry associations has been truly invaluable. I personally encourage every exhibitor to bring forward their suggestions on how to further enhance industry collaboration. During the Q&A at a recent professional marketing event, I was asked to comment on the skills that are essential for the modern marketing leader. Have an open mind, boundless energy and never stop asking questions. The expert knowledge of your colleagues, the daily examples of your company’s brand promise in action, the examples of the ongoing R&D, operational, eco-innovation across the many applications which will make that important difference in the lives of many people as per the very definition of the chemical industry, is what makes it all a compelling story that needs to be told. Never stop learning – every day brings new experiences and the chance to experience that certain buzz of the moment, when you and your teams are onto a winning concept that you cannot wait to make happen. Enable your teams to bring their ideas to the table: if empowerment is in the core of a company culture, then you have an exceptional prerequisite for the long term vitality of the business and your brand.

“Effective brand management is a continual process, and each decision should be based on the careful evaluation of the market conditions, the market forces, to give the company the strongest possible ground to build on for their brand value proposition.” 37


| ras |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Control barriers in hazardous areas; getting the right balance The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations (DSEAR) are in place to ensure that the risk of ignited events is appropriately managed at establishments that store and/ or process explosive substances. The main focus of DSEAR is preventing ignition of flammable atmospheres, but by placing too much faith on preventative measures, we can lose focus on how the impact of incidents should be managed in case they do happen. Effective risk management is achieved by creating a balance between what we have in place to prevent, control, and mitigate the consequences of an incident. Aspects that are often neglected due to the primary focus being on hazardous areas are those that provide the potential for ignited incidents to escalate, for example due to poor facility layout. Adequate separation of vessels containing flammable or combustible substances, and segregation of these from buildings, site boundaries, incompatible materials and prevention of ignition sources all reduce the risk of escalation and reduce the potential for harm by improving the escape probability of nearby personnel. Information on separation and segregation of process areas and buildings from ignition sources is provided across industry guidance, but the relevancy of guidance depends on the establishment. For those establishments that have a number of dangerous substances, each piece of appropriate guidance should be identified and integrated into the overall arrangements for risk management. Where there are substances in several process areas and space on site is limited, meeting the guidance can bring some challenges in terms of practicability. The following sections outline some key considerations to help organisations of different types reduce escalation potential.

GOOD HOUSEKEEPING The influence of separation and segregation will be compromised if combustible materials are present in hazardous areas. This doesn’t just apply to other dangerous substances, but to materials such as waste, oily rags and even vegetation that are left to accumulate.

GAS CYLINDERS Guidance says that compressed gas cylinders should preferentially be stored outside in a segregated area. As described above, vegetation should be managed and removed from within three meters of the area. Where a dedicated outdoor facility for storing gas cylinders is not an option, appropriate ventilation and a bespoke storage facility should be provided, again with a minimum distance of three metres from combustible materials and ignition sources.

It is important to bear in mind that guidance stipulates that compressed gas cylinders are never truly empty unless they are new or de-valved. Guidance on the storage of gas cylinders should therefore be followed whether or not they are thought to be empty.

DUST In managing flammable atmospheres, the importance of the appropriate management of dust should not be underestimated. Dusty areas may extend well beyond the source of the dust unless extraction is installed, and should a fire break out in a facility where significant quantities of dust are left to accumulate then the fire could escalate rapidly. Installing a system to segregate storage/process areas from the rest of the facility or limit the extent of dust clouds using ventilation is therefore good practice to limit the extent of a fire.

BARRIERS/FIRE BREAKS Where space is an issue, separation may be provided by the use of physical fire-resistant barriers. These should be appropriately designed, manufactured and positioned for their specific requirements. It is essential to remember that DSEAR compliance does not stop at hazardous area classification. Compliance with the DSEAR regulations requires a systems approach to risk management, from the processes in place to prevent and reduce hazardous areas, through to controlling and mitigating the consequences of an event should it occur. Investing in the right balance can provide more peace of mind in protecting people, the environment and assets. Jenny Hill & Carolyn Nicholls enquiries@ras.ltd.uk

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RAS RISK & HAZARD MANAGEMENT

Understanding and facilitating the effective management of risk is our core business. Our expertise covers the full range of risk assessment and management services across:

Safety Risk

Business Risk

Environment Risk

Only when the risk facing an organisation is well understood can it be effectively managed.

Key to the successful identification, assessment and management of risk is engagement with the right

people, using the right processes at the right time. We believe we are different to many of our competitors and our approach is distinctive, we don’t always walk the well-trodden path but look at each client’s particular risk context and develop a tailored solution, working in partnership with our client. We work across all aspects of risk, from Quantitative Risk Assessments and Predictive &

Consequence modelling, through to the ‘softer’ risks which may affect an organisation’s reputation.

+44 (0) 1244 674 612 • enquiries@ras.ltd.uk • www.ras.ltd.uk


| nepic |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

The Industry of Industries The North East is home to the largest single cluster of process, chemicals and energy companies anywhere in the UK, and the second largest in the whole of Europe. Together the multinational companies, that call the North East their home, manufacture 50 per cent of UK foundation chemicals and a third of UK pharmaceuticals – bringing more than £2.1 billion of value to the region each year. They are the industry of industries, employing 39,000 people locally. Tens of thousands of jobs within the region’s downstream chemical-using industries – including healthcare, electronics, automotive and textiles – rely on its continued success too. NEPIC, the North East Process Industry Cluster, represents this vital sector. Established in 2005, they work to ensure industry thrives in our region – and that there are investments, innovations and a collaborative network that will create jobs and opportunities long into the future.

“We must be realistic about the challenges we face but draw on our resilience and spirit to weather this storm and create a bright future for industry and the region”. In the longer term, the market opportunities that present themselves will put the UK at the forefront of the industries of the future. Processing and recycling of materials, building new forms of energy, such as a hydrogen economy, and managing carbon in closed loop systems present significant innovation and investment opportunities.

Fifteen years on, NEPIC have developed a network of hundreds of member companies who work together to do business, showcase best practice, tackle challenges - and ultimately help one another grow and retain value within the region.

Philip added, “Alongside the direct impacts for the North East sit countless opportunities for our vibrant supply chain. Teesside is leading the way in Carbon, Capture, Usage and Storage and recently launched the Net Zero Teesside project that is backed by OGCI Climate Investments and has direct support from six of the largest oil and gas companies globally.

Chemistry-making and chemistry-using businesses are fundamental to the UK’s manufacturing industries, producing a raft of everyday products we take for granted today.

“The region is also well placed to position itself as a national plastics recycling hub; capitalising on the significant manufacturing, product development and recycling capabilities that set us ahead of the field.

“As an industry we must remain competitive to ensure our long-term future – and seek certainty in uncertain times, said NEPIC Chief Executive, Philip Aldridge.

“Industry’s expertise and knowhow – along with existing infrastructure – will also support ambitions to decarbonise domestic heating and transport.”

“Alongside the direct impacts for the North East sit countless opportunities for our vibrant supply chain. Teesside is leading the way in Carbon, Capture, Usage and Storage and recently launched the Net Zero Teesside project that is backed by OGCI Climate Investments and has direct support from six of the largest oil and gas companies globally.” Philip Aldridge, NEPIC CEO

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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| nepic |

Philip Aldridge, NEPIC CEO As industry looks to capitalise on the grand challenges that will see it at the fore of industrial innovation, NEPIC calls on Government support in overcoming the immediate barriers. “In the short term, our foundation industries must be protected, or we risk losing the downstream industries which depend on them” said Philip. “Businesses, and current investment projects, that have the potential to create jobs and transform the economy during these challenging times must be protected too. The Sirius Minerals project – which is the single biggest investment this region has seen in a generation and will develop a vital new fertiliser industry – is one such example.” Furthermore, growing public campaigns against plastics that focus on the environmental damage being caused by plastic waste around the world have heightened. Industry is leading the fight to focus on an antidote to the negatives – and this is a battle that must be won to protect the future of a chemicals industry that remains indelibly linked with Teesside and its people. Teesside is home to a significant number of businesses that manufactures chemicals that form the building blocks for a range of plastic products that we all use in everyday life.

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“Technology and innovation have moved on and our industry is committed to achieving the goal of recycling all plastic waste, to play our role in the creation of a circular economy”, said Philip. “Further to public campaigns, industry faces additional significant financial challenges including tariff uncertainty, compliance with EU waste incineration and wastewater directives and plastic packaging tax.” Philip concluded: “Government support is vital to the long-term viability of this important industry. We are an industry that underpins thousands of businesses and jobs, and that can make change for the good, and ensure we leave the environment in a better condition for generations to come.” www.nepic.co.uk


| oamps |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Stockpiling For Brexit As businesses try as best they can to prepare for the potential consequences of Brexit, some are stockpiling supplies to understandably try to mitigate the impact of delays as a result of increased border checks. However, it’s important that businesses ensure that their insurance programme is keeping pace with any changes to stock sums insured by keeping in touch with their brokers. The volatility around Brexit means that stock values can increase as the cost of replacement materials & products increase even without volumes changing, so it’s good practice to ensure you’re aware of how your actual stockholding exposure might differ from the amounts you’re insured for.

Changes to storage processes can also lead to new risks being created – both from a site safety perspective (unsecured drums double-stacked on pallets to maximise storage on a limited footprint) and an operational perspective (products stored in locations where employees are used to different products being kept there), so any potential changes to your storage processes should be assessed prior to implementation, and those changes communicated clearly to staff.

Some policies automatically include a buffer for such eventualities (and the Policies we provide via Pen Hazardous Goods & Environmental include a stock fluctuation clause that protects you against volatile pricing for an event like Brexit up to a maximum of 15% as standard) but even then, it’s wise to double check.

The latter really can go badly wrong – a recent incident occurred following some changes on site, where an IBC containing acid was stored in an area where alkali products were usually kept; the wrong chemical was used and the resulting chlorine gas cloud damaged both the site and neighbouring property, and costs are likely to be in excess of £500,000.

Other factors to consider are where you might store this extra stock. If you’re using third party premises (even if it’s a neighbouring property on the same estate) then your insurers might not provide indemnity in the event of your stock being stolen or damaged.

On top of all of this, as a company director, you could be pursued by the HSE if any incidents cause injury as a result of insufficient planning, and if that happens, even the best insurance policy can’t stop imprisonment.

Stock kept in the open is often also excluded (or cover is limited) so again, it’s worth checking with your brokers as to what you’re covered for. Similarly, if you’re keeping stock in open-sided buildings, or buildings of non-standard construction, then there might be issues with indemnity, so it’s prudent to get clarity. Some policies also have conditions around how close stock can be kept to buildings, so in the event of a fire, you might be covered for either the stock or your buildings, so again, get some unambiguous guidance from your brokers and/or insurers.

www.oamps.co.uk

This information is not intended to constitute any form of opinion or specific guidance and recipients should not infer any opinion or specific guidance from its content. Recipients should not rely exclusively on the information contained in the bulletin and should make decisions based on a full consideration of all available information. We make no warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or correctness of the information provided. We and our officers, employees or agents shall not be responsible for any loss whatsoever arising from the recipient’s reliance upon any information we provide and exclude liability for the statistical content to fullest extent permitted by law.

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THINK YOU KNOW WHAT WE DO?

NOT ONLY DO WE OFFER INSURANCE TO THE FUEL INDUSTRY, BUT WE ALSO HELP PROTECT BUSINESSES OPERATING IN THE MANUFACTURING, DISTRIBUTION, IMPORTING, WHOLESALE OR BLENDING OF CHEMICALS’ & LUBRICANTS

BUSINESS INSURANCE FOR THE CHEMICALS SECTOR INCLUDING: • CYBER LIABILITY • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPAIRMENT LIABILITY • PROFESSIONAL INDEMNITY • TERRORISM • DIRECTORS & OFFICERS LIABILITY

• PROPERTY (INCLUDING BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) • EMPLOYERS, PUBLIC & PRODUCT LIABILITY • PRODUCT RECALL • MOTOR FLEET

OAMPS is part of Pen Underwriting Limited which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA number 314493). Registered Office: The Walbrook Building, 25 Walbrook, London EC4N SAW. Registered in England and Wales. Company Number: 5172311.


| solvents industry association |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Playing with Fire – SIA Collaborate with Gin Guild on Ethanol Safety Awareness The Solvents Industry Association has produced a safety poster to highlight the dangers of handling ethanol solutions for distillers. In recent years there has been a huge increase in the number of distillers in the gin market, many with little experience of the industry and often using naked flames in the distilling process. This gives rise to an increased risk of fire, through the use and storage of ethanol in working areas. The SIA, in collaboration with the Gin Guild, the gin industry body which aims to represent the distilled gin industry as a whole, has issued a guide to safe handling of gin and other ethanol-based liquids. Nicholas Cook, Director General of the Gin Guild, said, “The industry has seen great expansion over the last few years. There is concern that newer players in the industry, particularly those producing distilled gin on a very small scale, are potentially exposing themselves to considerable risk.” “Distillers need to be aware of the dangers of using ethanol, and of the need to ensure, regardless of the size of their operation, that they operate with good industry practice.” “I hope that the poster issued by the SIA and ourselves will be clearly and prominently displayed in all relevant properties and that it will act as a guide for all who are involved in dealing with ethanol. It is hoped that this will also act as a prompt for many to seek further guidance and assistance in order to mitigate the dangers involved.” Andrew Norman, General Secretary of the SIA supported the view when he added, “We are delighted to be working in collaboration with the Gin Guild to raise awareness amongst large and small gin producers of the potential hazards of handling ethanol-based products.” “We are all aware that spirits can easily be ignited through cooking or producing cocktails, but the familiarity of the products which are readily available in our everyday

lives can often lead to complacency, with the risks often underestimated.” For further advice on how to handle ethanol-based products safely, or would like to receive a downloadable pdf copy of the new poster, contact the Solvents Industry Association www.solvents.org.uk/contactus For more information on the work of the Gin Guild, contact Nicholas Cook, Director General nicholas.cook@theginguild.com

SIA Welcomes 4 New Members The Solvents Industry Association has welcomed four new companies to their rapidly growing list of members in recent months. International packaging manufacturers and suppliers Berry Promens and Hoover Ferguson joined the Association as Associate members earlier in the year, closely followed by process safety equipment provider Elmac Technologies. London-based chemical distributors, Oqema make up the quartet, to round off an unprecedented period of success for the SIA.

SIA General Secretary, Andrew Norman said, “We are delighted to welcome our new members to the Association and are very much looking forward to working closely with them on upcoming projects.”

INTERESTED IN JOINING THE SIA? Contact Andrew Norman, SIA General Secretary via the website www.solvents.org.uk/contactus

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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| csolvents industry association |

SIA Raises £1,000 for Mental Health UK Charity The Solvents Industry Association has proudly presented a cheque for £1,000 to the charity, Mental Health UK, which was the amount raised by SIA Members at their recent Annual General Meeting raffle event. Presenting the cheque at the Mental Health UK Headquarters in Vauxhall, London, SIA General Secretary, Andrew Norman said, ‘The generosity of the SIA Members continues to astound and we couldn’t think of a more worthy cause. With a focus on Wellbeing at our AGM and the event being so close to World Mental Health Day, Mental Health UK was an obvious choice to receive our donation this year’. Upon receipt of the donation, James Fletcher, Head of Corporate Partnerships at Mental Health UK said, ‘Thank you so much to all the members of the Solvents Industry Association who generously donated to Mental Health UK at your Annual General Meeting. The money you raised will help us improve the lives of the 1 in 4 people affected by poor mental health across the UK by providing them with advice, information, and support’. The SIA would also like to thank SIA Members, Alcohols Limited and Hayman Group, along with Mottram Hall Hotel for their generosity in donating raffle prizes. If you would like more information, visit the Mental Health UK website www.mentalhealth-uk.org

SIA General Secretary Andrew Norman (left) presents a cheque for £1,000 to James Fletcher, Head of Corporate Partnerships at Mental Health UK

SIA Launches New Website Resource Centre The Solvents Industry Association has recently launched a new Website Resource Centre to assist users to locate information on the safe handling of solvents simply and efficiently on a single web-page. Dr. Rob Oades (right) receives the Gerald Soane Award from SIA Chairman Kevin Morgan

Dr. Rob Oades Receives 2019 SIA Safety Award Dr. Rob Oades, Global Product Steward with Shell Chemicals and Chair of the SIA Technical Committee was awarded the coveted Gerald Soane Award for his contribution to Health and Safety at the SIA Annual General Meeting on 17th October. SIA General Secretary, Andrew Norman said, ‘The Award is in recognition of many years of commitment and dedication to the Association as Chair of the Technical Committee and for his invaluable support with the SIA Training Programme’ The SIA congratulates one of its longest servants, who receives this deserved Award for the first time.

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If your company handles solvents or flammable liquids then the new SIA Resource Centre is the place to find SIA Guidance Notes and Safety Films in one place.

Solvents Industry Asso ciation Information Centre Signposting you to the resources you need

www.solvents.org.uk

Resources for You – All in MANUFACTURING

LIQUID

PROCEDURES

TRANSFER AND

PERSONAL

TRANSPORT & DISTRIBUTION

BULK STORAGE

ON SITE

HANDLING

BULK ROAD TRANSPORT LIQUID TRANSFER AND HANDLING

PACKAGING & END USE

DRUMS AND SMALL PACKS

EQUIPMENT

REGULATORY STATIC

ELECTRICITY

ON SITE PROCEDURES PERSONAL

PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

REGULATORY STATIC

ELECTRICITY

Solvents Industry Associa tion

ON SITE PROCEDURES PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

LABELLING

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

REGULATORY

REGULATORY

STATIC ELECTRICITY

STATIC ELECTRICITY

STORAGE AND WAREHOUSING

– get in touch:

USES OF SOLVENTS

TYPES OF SOLVENTS

INTERMEDIATE BULK CONTAINERS

To navigate and download the documents, simply click on the appropriate box to receive expert advice and information on everything solvents, from small manual operations to bulk solvents handling. The new page can be found on the SIA Website www.solvents.org.uk/sia-information-centre PROTECTIVE

one Place

Andrew Norman, SIA General Secretary Email: info@solvents.o rg.uk


Plan ahead for the Turkey (KKDIK) deadline With the upcoming KKDIK deadline, have you pre-registered to continue supplying chemicals to Turkey until the end of 2023? Yordas’ global regulatory team, working alongside our technical and scientific experts, provide dedicated registration support to ensure your Turkey KKDIK compliance.

Let Yordas support you with: • • • • • • • •

Turkish Only Representative Services KKDIK pre-registration by 31 Dec 2020 Data sharing discussions Registration by 31 Dec 2023 Chemical Safety Assessment expertise Classification and Labelling Inventory Notification Provision of certified Turkish SDS Exposure/Risk Assessment

Your Experts.

Supporting industry with all their regulatory, technical and scientific consultancy needs.

Your Partners.

We are uniquely collaborative and work closely with our customers. www.yordasgroup.com info@yordasgroup.com


| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

| reach |

China in harmony with standards By Bryan Zhou CIRS Europe

China has already fully implemented China GHS standards on May 1st 2011. China GHS is based on UN GHS Rev.4. In China, GHS can be applied and required in several fields including: Import and export (e.g. customs declaration), Registration and safety permit of hazard chemicals (part of materials should be submitted when do hazard chemical registration), Information communication in supply chain; Others. In China, the general regulation of hazardous chemicals is Regulations on the Control over Safety of Hazardous Chemicals (the State Council Decree No.591), which regulate the requirements for hazard chemical enterprises when comply with China GHS in practice. In Decree No.591, illegal behaviors of China GHS and penalty are specified, further details upon on request. Basic information as follows: Classification The national standards of classification are known as GB 30000 series, which consist of GB 30000.2-2013 to GB30000.29-2013. They have been implemented on Nov 11th 2014. The classification standards are fully based on UN GHS Rev.4 and there are 28 hazardous classifications, which include 16 physical hazardous classifications, 10 health hazardous classifications and 2 environmental classifications.

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Safety Data Sheet There are two national standards of SDS: one is National Standard on Safety Data Sheet for Chemical Products (GB16483-2008), the other is Guidance on the compilation of safety data sheet for chemical products (GB17519-2013). The Chinese SDS has standard format with 16 sections and all the headings of sections are the same as UN GHS. Nevertheless special requirements should be noticed when preparing Chinese SDS. Specifically, a 24-hour China domestic emergency phone number is required when you make your SDS. Label Label standard in China is known as National Standard on General Rules for Preparation of Precautionary Label for Chemicals (GB 15258-2009), which is issued on May 1st 2010 and fully implemented on Apr 30th 2011. Besides requirements made by UN GHS, China GHS also has requirements regarding label size, language, 24-hour China domestic emergency phone number, etc.

SUMMARY EU enterprises require careful compliance with China GHS due to its special requirements regarding Chinese product name, 24-hour domestic Chinese emergency number, etc. They should gain insight into China GHS standards for more detailed information. SDS and labelling are required by multi-fields. Under more stringent supervision, China GHS is playing a more significant role in chemical business communication in China. Considering the vast territory of China, extra requirements may be required by local customs, local safety departments etc. Communication with local authorities is also encouraged. Enterprises should be certain when handling requirements of Chinese chemical regulations and take responsibility to ensure accuracy in their GHS information. www.cirs-reach.com


| reach |

| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

Latest Updates on KKDIK; Amendment to Annex XVII – It’s Time to Pre-register! Differences between EU REACH and KKDIK has long been discussed by the regulatory environment since the regulation was published in June 2017. Although KKDIK is an implementation of EU REACH Regulation in Turkey, and the aim of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (MoEU) is to align with the chemicals regulations with the EU, there may still be dissimilitude between the regulation, Annexes and the practical processes when compared with EU REACH regulation.

REACH & KKDIK

REACH & KKDIK

Joint Registration Lead Registration SIEF/Consortia

EU: 3 Registration deadlines - 10 years Registration starts 31 December 2020 Exemptions Apply

REACH & KKDIK

Turkey: Single Reg. Deadline - 3 years Deadline for all tonnage bands 31 December 2023

Data Sharing and Information Requirements

REACH & KKDIK

Annex IV Annex V Guidance Documents Annex XVII which lists the Restrictions on manufacturing, placing on the market and the use of certain dangerous substances, mixtures and articles both in EU REACH and KKDIK were identical until 29 November 2019 when the first amendment to KKDIK Regulation was made. According to the amendment, the 67th entry in Annex XVII entered into force restricting the public use of certain cyanide compounds. The restriction also brings some conditions for compliance of those compounds for industrial and professional use with it in terms of labelling requirements in addition to obligations of SEA, Turkish CLP. Distributors and downstream users of these cyanide compounds listed under Entry 67, have the obligation to submit End User Declarations to the manufacturer or the importer, after which these declarations must be submitted to the MoEU. This amendment to KKDIK diverging from the EU Annex represents the precaution taken by the MoEU as a result of the increasing number of cyanide poisoning incidents in Turkey while the main principles of REACH are still applicable. KKDIK Registration Period will start on 31st December 2020 and gives registrants a 3-year time frame to finalize their registrations. This simply means waiting until the pre-registration deadline to start preparing for registration is not the sensible way, especially if you are planning to be a Lead registrant. “MBDF” which stands for “Substance Information Exchange Forum” in the online MoEU Chemicals Registration System is based on the same principles than in the EU. Once the substances are pre-registered, MBDF communications can be initiated and the need to establish a consortium will be decided amongst the potential registrants. Joint submission of a dossier is possible after the Lead Registrant’s dossier is submitted to the MoEU. Data sharing principles also apply to KKDIK; and potential registrants in Turkey need to review MoEU Guidance on Data Sharing translated from ECHA Guidance Document with adaptations made to reflect the requirements of current regulations in Turkey.

Annex VII - X Same data requirements Any exemptions from the obligation to register needs to be decided in the light of Annex IV and the guidance on Annex V exemptions from the obligation to register. However, other sector specific regulations applicable in Turkey and the effect of those regulations to the obligations for compliance with KKDIK must be assessed well. Multinational corporations with manufacturing facilities around the world may have complex supply chains and various roles according to the definitions in KKDIK (manufacturer, importer etc.) even for the same substance. Moreover, it is highly important to decide on data sharing for regulatory compliance in Turkey for companies who are especially data holders. As the information requirements expressed in Annex VII to X are exactly the same in the EU REACH but required to be presented in a dossier prepared in Turkish language, the purchase of the right to use the sets of data for different volume bands in Turkey becomes extremely important. The costs are under discussion in most of the EU consortia for the moment, especially now that the EU registration deadlines are over and only late/newcomers are requesting Letter of Access. RGS has been acting as the EU Only Representative for the last 12 years consulting to more than 450 clients all over the world. The team of experts within RGS Group transfers years of experience into practical solutions for non-Turkish companies to comply with Turkish chemicals regulations. Do not hesitate to contact RGS, if you need more details on our services. We can assess your compliance status and build tailor-made solutions for your company. Dr.Yaprak Yüzak Küçükvar REACH Global Services Group Turkey Branch Manager www.reach-gs.eu

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EUROPEAN UNION • TURKEY • JAPAN • CHINA • KOREA • TAIWAN RGS S.A. - Belgium Head Office + 32 (2) 234 77 77

RGS A.Ş. - Turkey Subsidiary + 90 (212) 454 09 93

info@reach-gs.eu

www.reach-gs.eu


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| CHEMICAL INDUSTRY JOURNAL |

New hydrogen production method could support sustainable fuel creation A new method of extracting hydrogen from water more efficiently could help underpin the capture of renewable energy in the form of sustainable fuel, scientists say. In a new paper, published today in the journal Nature Communications, researchers from universities in the UK, Portugal, Germany and Hungary describe how pulsing electric current through a layered catalyst has allowed them to almost double the amount of hydrogen produced per millivolt of electricity used during the process. Electrolysis, a process which is likely familiar to anyone who studied chemistry at high school, uses electric current to split the bonds between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms of water, releasing hydrogen and oxygen gas. If the electric current for the process of electrolysis is generated through renewable means such as wind or solar power, the entire process releases no additional carbon into the atmosphere, making no contributions to climate change. Hydrogen gas can then be used as a zero-emission fuel source in some forms of transport such as buses and cars or for heating homes. The team’s research focused on finding a more efficient way to produce hydrogen through the electrocatalytic water splitting reaction. They discovered that electrodes covered with a molybdenum telluride catalyst showed an increase in the amount of hydrogen gas produced during the electrolysis when a specific pattern of high-current pulses was applied. By optimising the pulses of current through the acidic electrolyte, they could reduce the amount of energy needed to make a given amount of hydrogen by nearly 50%. Dr Alexey Ganin, of the University of Glasgow’s School of Chemistry, directed the research team. Dr Ganin said: “Currently the UK meets about a third of its energy production needs through renewable sources, and in Scotland that figure is about 80%.

“Experts predict that we’ll soon reach a point where we’ll be producing more renewable electricity than our consumption demands. However, as it currently stands the excess of generated energy must be used as it’s produced or else it goes to waste. It’s vital that we develop a robust suite of methods to store the energy for later use. “Batteries are one way to do that, but hydrogen is a very promising alternative. Our research provides an important new insight into producing hydrogen from electrolysis more effectively and more economically, and we’re keen to pursue this promising avenue of investigation.” Since the level of catalytic enhancement is controlled by electric currents, recent advances in machine learning could be used to fine-tune the right sequence of applied currents to achieve the maximum output. The next stage for the team is the development of an artificial intelligence protocol to replace human input in the search for the most effective electronic structures use in similar catalytic processes. The paper, titled ‘The rapid electrochemical activation of MoTe2 for the hydrogen evolution reaction’, is published in Nature Communications. The research was conducted at the University of Glasgow, the University of Kiel, the University of Lisbon, and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and was supported by funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (ESPRC) and the Carnegie Trust.

Acquisition of Tan International Ltd by Brenntag Brenntag, the global market leader in chemical and ingredients distribution, has further strengthened its position in the UK by acquiring Tan International Ltd. Tan International is a reputable distributor and blender of specialty and industrial chemicals and ingredients in a variety of industries including food and beverage, pharmaceutical, agriculture and energy. Announcing the acquisition on 17 December 2019, Karsten Beckmann, Member of the Management Board of Brenntag Group and CEO Brenntag Europe, Middle East and Africa, said, “With the acquisition of Tan International we complement our existing activities and offering in the region and thus strengthen our position in the country. The company’s strong relationships with large key accounts as well as its diverse portfolio support our ambition to expand further in our focus industries.”

Russel Argo, Regional President Brenntag UK & Ireland, commented, “We are delighted to welcome Tan International Ltd to Brenntag. The company is renowned for its strong product and added-value services offering, technical competence and infrastructure, and will significantly fortify our offering, as we broaden our supplier base, develop existing infrastructure, expand our blending capabilities and strong technical resources to further support our growth in the area. The excellent location of the site in Perth will also enable Brenntag to enhance our regional coverage and offer improved service capabilities across Scotland.” Formed in 1983,Tan International is expected to generate sales of approximately GBP 21 million in the financial year 2019

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thin film

palladium catalysts

nickel foam

perovskite crystals glassy carbon III-IV semiconducto europium phosphors Nd:YAG

buckyballs 1

MOFs

Li Na

2 1

4

MOCVD

Be

2 8 1

12

Mg 24.305

20

Rb

40.078

2 8 18 8 1

38

85.4678

Cs

Sr

56

Ba

Fr (223)

2 8 18 8 2

39

Ti

2 8 18 18 8 2

57

Ra

Francium

(226)

La

2 8 18 9 2

40

Zr

Ac (227)

Radium

50.9415

Vanadium 2 8 18 10 2

41

91.224

2 8 18 18 9 2

72

Hf

138.90547

89

V

Nb

2 8 18 32 10 2

73

Ta

178.48

Actinium

104

Rf (267)

24

Cr 51.9961

2 8 18 12 1

42

Db (268)

Rutherfordium

Mn

2 8 13 2

26

Fe

54.938045

2 8 14 2

27

Mo

2 8 18 13 1

43

95.96

2 8 18 32 11 2

74

W

gallium lump quantum dots

Ce

2 8 18 19 9 2

140.116

Th 232.03806

Thorium

Pr

2 8 18 21 8 2

140.90765

Cerium 90

59

Tc

106

Sg (271)

2 8 18 13 2

44

(98.0)

2 8 18 32 12 2

75

183.84

Dubnium

Praseodymium 2 8 18 32 18 10 2

91

Pa 231.03588

2 8 18 32 20 9 2

Protactinium

transparent ceramics refractory metals

60

2 8 18 22 8 2

Re

Ru

2 8 18 32 32 12 2

107

Bh (272)

2 8 18 15 1

45

101.07

2 8 18 32 13 2

76

186.207

61

2 8 18 23 8 2

62

144.242

(145)

U

Uranium

2 8 18 32 32 13 2

Os

108

Hs

Cu

30

2 8 18 32 14 2

77

2 8 18 32 21 9 2

93

Np (237)

94

Ir

(270)

2 8 18 24 8 2

63

2 8 18 16 1

46

Mt (276)

47

106.42

78

Ag

79

195.084

Meitnerium

110

Ds (281)

48

Au

80

Ga

2 8 18 18 2

49

In

Hg

Rg (280)

Roentgenium

81

112

Cn (285)

Tl

113

Nh (284)

Copernicium

Eu

64

151.964

95

Gd

2 8 18 25 9 2

65

157.25

158.92535

Gadolinium 96

Tb

2 8 18 27 8 2

2 8 18 28 8 2

Dy

67

162.5

Terbium

97

66

Neptunium

(244)

Plutonium

2 8 18 18 3

50

Sn

68

82

Pb

99

Er

(243)

2 8 18 32 25 8 2

Americium

(247)

2 8 18 32 25 9 2

Curium

(247)

2 8 18 32 27 8 2

Berkelium

rhodium sponge

(251)

2 8 18 32 28 8 2

114

100

Californium

(252)

Einsteinium

(257)

Fermium

51

Fl (289)

S

52

Bi

84

208.9804

Br

Po

Mc

Moscovium

116

53

I

85

At

Lv (293)

117

Ts (294)

Tennessine

39.948

36

Kr

2 8 18 8

83.798

Krypton 2 8 18 18 7

54

2 8 18 32 18 7

86

Xe

2 8 18 18 8

131.293

Xenon

Rn (222)

118

Og (294)

GDC

dielectr

2 8 18 32 18 8

Radon 2 8 18 32 32 18 7

Invar

2 8 18 32 32 18 8

CIGS

Oganesson

silver nanoparticles ITO 2 8 18 30 8 2

69

Tm

2 8 18 31 8 2

168.93421

101

Md (258)

Yb

2 8 18 32 8 2

71

173.054

Thulium

2 8 18 32 30 8 2

70

Lu

2 8 18 32 31 8 2

Mendelevium

102

No (259)

2 8 18 32 9 2

174.9668

Ytterbium

Lutetium 2 8 18 32 32 8 2

Nobelium

103

Lr (262)

nanoribbons

2 8 18 32 32 8 3

mischmetal

Lawrencium

chalcogenides

biosynthetics rare earth metals CVD precursors deposition slugs

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mesoporus silica 99.99999% mercury

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carbon nanotubes

Ar

Astatine 2 8 18 32 32 18 6

h-BN

Neon

Iodine

2 8 18 32 18 6

2 8

20.1797

126.90447

Livermorium

Now Invent.

graphene oxide ultra high purity materials

18

79.904

(209)

2 8 18 32 32 18 5

2 8 7

Ne

Bromine 2 8 18 18 6

Te

scandium powder

laser crystals

35

Polonium

115

(288)

2 8 18 6

127.6

2 8 18 32 18 5

10

35.453

Tellurium

Bismuth 2 8 18 32 32 18 4

Cl

78.96

Sb

83

17

osmium

Helium

2 7

Chlorine

Se

121.76

2 8 18 32 18 4

2 8 6

Selenium 2 8 18 18 5

He

Fluorine

32.065

34

2

4.002602

18.9984032

Sulfur

Antimony

Flerovium

Erbium 2 8 18 32 29 8 2

2 8 18 18 4

207.2

2 8 18 32 32 18 3

2 8 18 5

As

Lead

167.259

Holmium

P

16

74.9216

Tin

2 8 18 32 18 3

2 8 5

Arsenic

118.71

Nihonium

164.93032

Dysprosium 98

Ho

2 8 18 29 8 2

33

F

15.9994

30.973762

2 8 18 4

9

Oxygen

Phosphorus

72.64

204.3833

2 8 18 32 32 18 2

15

Germanium

macromolecules 2 8 18 25 8 2

Europium 2 8 18 32 24 8 2

Ge

Thallium

Pu Amstabilized Cm Bk zirconia Cf Es Fm yttrium

2 8 18 32 22 9 2

32

114.818

200.59

111

Si

Indium 2 8 18 32 18 2

2 8 4

2 6

O

14.0067

28.0855

2 8 18 3

8

Nitrogen

Silicon

69.723

Mercury 2 8 18 32 32 18 1

14

Gallium

Cd

Gold

Darmstadtium

31

112.411

196.966569

2 8 18 32 32 17 1

2 8 18 2

Cadmium 2 8 18 32 18 1

2 8 3

2 5

N

12.0107

26.9815386

Zinc

Silver

Platinum 2 8 18 32 32 15 2

2 8 18 18 1

C

7

Carbon

Aluminum

65.38

107.8682

2 8 18 32 17 1

Pt

192.217

109

2 8 18 18

Palladium 2 8 18 32 15 2

Zn

Copper

Pd

Iridium 2 8 18 32 32 14 2

63.546

Nickel

102.9055

Hassium

Samarium

gold nanocubes OLED lighting

hotovoltaics

29

Al

2 4

TM

endohedral fullerenes

spintronics

Ni

2 8 18 1

cerium oxide polishing powder

sputtering targets

tungsten carbide

2 8 16 2

58.6934

Rhodium

190.23

150.36

Promethium

Rh

Osmium

Bohrium

Nd Pm Sm

238.02891

28

Cobalt

Ruthenium

Rhenium

Seaborgium

Neodymium 92

2 8 15 2

58.933195

InAs wafers epitaxial crystal growth 58

Co

Iron

Technetium

Tungsten 2 8 18 32 32 11 2

55.845

Manganese

Molybdenum

180.9488

105

25

Chromium

Tantalum 2 8 18 32 32 10 2

2 8 13 1

6

10.811

3D graphene foam

ultralight aerospace alloys

Niobium

Hafnium 2 8 18 32 18 9 2

2 8 11 2

92.90638

Zirconium

Lanthanum 2 8 18 32 18 8 2

23

47.867

Yttrium

Barium 88

Y

2 8 10 2

Titanium

88.90585

137.327

Cesium

2 8 18 32 18 8 1

22

44.955912

87.62

2 8 18 18 8 1

Sc

2 8 9 2

Scandium

Strontium

132.9054

87

21

Calcium

Rubidium 55

nanodispersions

2 3

ferrofluid

Boron 13

isotopes

39.0983

AuNPs

2 8 8 2

Ca

Potassium 37

2 8 2

Magnesium 2 8 8 1

B

surface functionalized nanoparticles

9.012182

Sodium

K

5

2 2

Beryllium

22.98976928

19

organometallics

99.999% ruthenium spheres

6.941

YBCO

EuFOD

H

Lithium 11

metamaterials 2

1.00794

anogels

alternative energy additive manufacturing

1

Hydrogen 3

diamond micropowder

Now Invent! metallocenes

li-ion battery electrolytes

solar energy

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Chemical Industry Journal 17  

The magazine connecting all those who work in the UK Chemical Industry

Chemical Industry Journal 17  

The magazine connecting all those who work in the UK Chemical Industry