PORTFOLIO OF DIAN YU M.S. Architecture and Urban Design Columbia University Selected Works 2013-2019
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EDUCATION Columbia University 05. 2018 - 05. 2019 | New York, USA Master of Science in Architecture and Urban Design
South China University of Technology 09. 2013 - 06. 2018 | Guangzhou, P.R.China Bachelor of Engineering in Urban and Rural Planning (With 3 Years of Arhitecture Study)
EXPERIENCE Hebei Institute of Architectural Design & Research Co.,Ltd
Architectural Intern | 24h/week, 08. 2017 - 11. 2017 Site visits, field survey and CAD documentation for a village renovation program. Research and make powerpoints for presentation of site information with revealed issues and general proposal. Facilitate in the design of two residential quarters. Organize and archive documentation.
SCUT Art Exhibition 2016
Leader Designer | Cube4 | 11. 2016 3rd Prize Propose the concept of nested cubes representing social barriers in consider of theme WALL. Create the first sketch and develop the design. Collaborate with teammates for the model. Write the concept and description for the competition.
International Design Competition BAITASI 2016 - Reinventing the Beijing Courtyards
Designer | Keep the Bird-Thinking about Hutong Culture & Residential Renovation | 06. 2016 - 08. 2016 Propose the concept of reserving of bird culture. Collaborate with teammates for SketchUp model, diagrams, renderings and layout.
Young Bird Plan (Public Cultural Architecture Design Competition) Designer | In-Between | 08. 2015 - 09. 2015 Design the interior of the gallery and salon. Collaborate with teammates for SketchUp model and layout. CAD documentation and diagrams drawing.
SCUT Art Exhibition 2014
Designer | To Life Journey | 11. 2014 3rd Prize Collaborate with teammates for the display model. Design and make the poster for the exhibition.
ACTIVITY Voluntary Teaching In Rural Areas Planner/Executant/Recorder | 08. 2016 Echo Graduation Ceremony Leader Organizer/Executant | 06. 2015 Build the Dream Welcome Party Organizer/Executant | 10. 2015 Tracing the Light New Yearâ€™s Ceremony Organizer/Planner/Executant | 12. 2015 Student Union of School of Architecture Minister of Entertainment Department | 03. 2015 - 03. 2016 Voluntary Teaching in Guangzhou Library Planner/Executant | 11. 2014
SKILL Software: SketchUp, AutoCAD, Rhinoceros, Revit, ArcGIS, Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Premiere, After Effects, V-ray, Lumion, Laser Cutting, Architectural Photography, Microsoft Office Language: English, Mandarin, Cantonese
Urban Design 01
Appletopia Revitalizing the Apple Industry in Hudson Valley
Grids on Bulk Renovation Project for Sugar Refinery in Guangzhou, China
Geometry Agglomeration Village Kindergarten Design in Guangzhou, China
Tri-Angle Iron Museum Design in Anshan, China
Half of BIRD (Beloved Inactive Residential District) Elderly Community Center Design of Beijing Hutong Reventing
Other Works 06
Cube4 - Art Exhibition "Wall"
Diapason - Exhibition "Never Built Paris"
+ 01 Appletopia Revitalizing the Apple Industry in Hudson Valley Urban Design Studio II, Fall 2018 Instructor: Lee Altman, Wendy Adringa, Jerome Haferd, Justin Moore, Michael Murphy, Christopher Kroner, David Smiley Collaborator: Shuyuan Li, Peiqing Wang, Yinzhe Zhang
Apples form one of the most iconic industries of the Hudson Valley. However, apple orchards have experienced a drastic decrease of 26% in the past 20 years due to increasingly unaffordable operating costs, labor shortage, a lack of facilities, waste disposal, etc. For the remaining orchards in the valley, two existing models promise economic sustainability: “pickyour-own” farms and hard cider tours. Based on these trends, we propose to build upon the apple industry’s more public aspects, taking advantage of existing infrastructures. Our proposal consists of (a) A series of multi-functional “hubs”, constructing for making apple
processing and adding value products and providing professional training; (b) Expanded hard cider companies cooperating with apple cultivation and engaging the public into cider making process; (c) A trail system tying together these two components plus apple follies celebrating the apple culture. By adapting to contemporary models that combine agricultural production with experiential participation and recreation, apple industry in Hudson Valley can reinvent itself as an economically viable, environmentally sustainable, and socially engaging, while remaining an integral part of the valley’s identity.
Apple Cider 182 Gal
Organic Compost 331 Lbs
Apple Flour 100 Lbs
Apple 1 Ton
Pick Your Own
91% Farms in NYS are small farms
The average acre of farms in H. V. is 1/8 of the USA
Storage Sorting Packing Grow Advising Distributing
Specialty Restaurant Retailer
Apple, the Root of Every Pillar Industry Hudson Valley has abundant formats, among which dairy, tourism and beverage are the most significant industries. Apple industry generates great profit and meanwhile benefit other pillar industries. However, with the poorly normalized process, small orchards are struggling and disappearing.
+ County Boundary Urban Area Apple Orchard Pick Your Own Farmer Market Hard Cidery
Processor Scenic Spot Railway Highway Road Landform Protected Open Space “Apple Region”
Apple Region Map
NEW YORK CITY
Decreasing Small Farms
Lack of Facilities Lack of Media Advertisement
Unstable & Retained Labor
Increasing Operating Cost
Waste On the Ground
Pick Your Own
Trained Labor Farmer
By-product Tourist Bicycle Lane
TRAIL + FOLLY
++ + + + + +
Rapid Growth Of Hard Cider Industry
Missed Opportunities With NY
Not Enough Local Raw Apples
ith Processors Limited Recreational Space
Sale Hard Cidery
Performance Tap Room
Distributing Network Expert
Apple Orchard Pick Your Own Hard Cidery
Dairy Farm Compost
Network The 4 essential elements - Apple farm, hub, hard cidery and trail connecting them together, play an important role in this mechanism. Commercial production, recreation, education, apple culture are all involved in the system. Other industries will also be benefited.
Storage Packing Apple Orchard
+ City Sorting
Growth Advice Damaged
+ Dairy Farm
+ Compost Company Tourist Education Experimental Orchard
+ Hard Cidery
Hub Process Hub is a shared facility. Farmers could use infrastructure to make apple products and sell them to cidery and retails. Cideries could purchase local apple juice at a lower price.
Lounge Waste Disposal By-product Processing Office
Hub The hub is multi-functional. It also has an education center to address labor shortage issue. Education center provides professional training for labors. Some of them will work at farms, others may work at cideries or just in the hub.
Bad Seed Cider Co.
Renovated Cidery Folly Apple Trail Apple Orchard
Prospect Hill Orchard
Core Trail The hub is the starting point, along the trail, there are two big farms, one cidery, and we also designed functional follies to make the trail attractive and engaging. For example, people could explore different varieties of apples in different folly.
Unfolded Apple Trail
The apple trail is knowledged with apple varieties, history of NYC apple cultivation, hard cider processing. The trail also serves as a timeline. Tourists w activities such as apple blossom, pick your own apple and skating, skiing in different seasons. The trail has the richness in both time and space dimen
Phase 2 Expand hub system to Columbia County. Connect apple trail to further trails.
Phase 1 Pilot trails based on pilot hubs in Ulster County.
Phase 3 Build trail system in Hudson Valley.
Phasing Of Apple Trail
The trail incorporates and connects at least one hub, several apple farms, hard cideries and gradually to other existing tourism assets.
Apple Orchard Mimic nature
Crop Field Play with topography
Lawn Celebrate open space
Forest Reflect natural view
Typology Of Follies On The Trail Diverse follies are designed based on the topography. Embracing the nature, follies can encourage the public to play outdoor. During the process, people can also be educated of apple related knowledge with fun.
GINGER GOLD EMPIRE
will become apple experts as exploring the trail. It is as well arranged with seasonality analysis. Visitors can see various views and take part in varioius nsion.
+ + +
Ulster Trail In the future, more hubs will be installed in Hudson Valley region. Based on the criteria, 1000 acres need one hub, so there will be a new hub in Hudson City, which will form a hub network with current hubs. We also propose new trails based on the principle that each trail incorporates and connects one hub, farms, hard cideries and local tourism assets. Therefore, the new trail system will not only benefit Ulster county and Columbia county, but the whole Hudson Valley could celebrate apple culture. Currently, institutions of the region are providing training programs for new farmers. A growing trend exists among young people to be farmers. On the other hand, most of the current farmer ownersâ€™ descendants are not willing to take this job after the elderly retire, which making them quite worried. We see the opportunity to communicate the human resources. Well-trained young people could bring new thoughts and lively operating modes, with more sensitivity to changes of markets and trends.
Hard Cidery Orchard Pick Your Own Farm Land
Hub Folly Trail Service Area
The Original Cidery
Seasonal Glass Shed
Make Your Owe Cider
Screen / Stage
Renovation For Hard Cidery Hard cideries will be renovated aiming for the expansion of recreational function in terms of both space and time. By intersecting functional grids and a movable sloping roof shed, Bad Seed, the second largest hard cider company in HV will become a pub where the public can be educated, have fun and engage the â€œapple to ciderâ€? industry.
Micro Process Storage
Tap Room Bar
Expose apple-related process to the public by intersecting worker and tourist streamlines, and w
Build folly system to connect initially the apple industry then to other local assets, so that tourism
whereby encourage the public to engage and be educated.
m could be promoted.
02 Grids on Bulk Renovation Project for Sugar Refinery SCUT Urban Design Studio, Spring 2017 Instructor: Miaoxi Zhao(SCUT) Collaborator: Haoting Pang
Due to the complicated history, Chinese industrial experienced a bumpy development course. The industrial buildings' styles under such circumstance is various as well.Starting from Chinese Westernize Movement, a lot of factories introduced western-style buildings while introducing their advanced technology, most of which is classical and complex at that time, including this project, Huaqiao Sugar Refinery (HSR) in Guangzhou, China.
Buildings in HSR includes traditional Chinese style soviet style and so on. The project studys HSR's history and finally experimentally endows the old, disordered and different-styles buildings in the site with a unified, systematic form of grids in contrast, reorganizing the site as well as upgrading the functions.The combination modes between the “girds” and the “bulk” is actually a reflection of the old and the new, the complex and the pure.
Huaqiao Sugar Refinery Experienced Vicissitudes Huaqiao Sugar Refinery (hereinafter referred to as "HSR") is located beside a river bank in Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province,witnessing historical changes of Chinese industry. HSR was the product of Westernization Movement in China,and reached its pinnacle in the late 1970s. After the Reform and Opening Up, the rapid development of new industries made Chinese sugar mines lose their advantages of labor force and
cropland, gone declined one after another,including HSR. HSR finally moved out and changed its operation mode.Although reconstructed as Tangren Cultural Wharf in recent years,the site is surrounded by people with low education level, this area are lack of development conditions to serve as a cultural place.The cultural wharf shut down in only 2 years.
1. The Westernization Movement in China promotes a series of industries' establishment. 2. HSR gradually began to refine raw sugar and handle export trade.
3. HSR imported a lot of western advanced machines. 4. The reconstructed Cultural Wharf became ghost town and shut down as well.
1950 1955 1960
2015: Wharf Shut Down
2015 2013: Reconstruction As Culture Wharf
2010 2010: Relocation
1999: Halt Production
1975 1978: Policy of Reform&Opennig
1958: Begin Importing
1949: Founding of New China
Westernization Movement Preparation
TImeline of the HSR's Development The Refinery have experienced rise and fall in 20 century, peaking at 1970s and waning at 1990s.Its vicissitudes were closely related with Chinese great historic changes.
During the process of learning from the West, HSR borrowed a lot of western-style buildings.The building are messy and complex with both industrial style and Soviet style coexisting.,casually scattering in the site. of labor force and cropland, gone declined one after another,including HSR.HSR finally moved out and changed its
operation mode.Although reconstructed as Tangren Cultural Wharf in recent years,the site is surrounded by people with low education level, this area are lack of development conditions to serve as a cultural place.The cultural wharf shut down in only 2 years.
Mapping in Grid Imagine the buildings and structures are overlaped by a grid which gives the site organization and structure. The original structures can fit in the simple grid despite their complex appearances,with which the new artificial girds added will bring a style collision.
Power Visit Refine
Buildings In Grid Put buildings diverse on scales and styles into the spatial grid,with each unit cube 6*6*6 meters.According to various purposes and users' identities,different streamlines exist among buidings,which can be organized by grid as well.
Bureaux Stadium Amusement
Service Sugar Refining
Storage Work Selling Sugar Making
New Functions & Rearranged Streamlines Add new functions to the buildings and structures,the streamlines are rearranged therewith. Mix up new streamlines and the original ones,a holistic network appears.Establish the final complete grid basing on this.
Press & Refine Press Gathering
Overall Grid Distribution In Site Corrisponding the Streamlines Tracing back each of function and streamline to the locations of relavent buildings in site, a fuction &flow mapping is eventually obtained. The grid distribution is exactly corrisponding to the functions & flows, reorganizing the site, despite the buildings' distribution. Therefore some buildings will be bridged, pentrated, or completely enclosed by the grid,creating various experience spaces therefrom.
Ground Floor Plan
The follow four scenarios are typical ones that can well illustrate grid forms in the project, relationship with the buildings and experience spaces produced therefrom.
Scenery In this semi-open converted factory, space is divided into 5 stripes and 2 floors with cubes randomly scattered on it.
Scenery This is an openspace theme playground at the power supporting area where exists lawn and several chemneys.
Activity There exists both ground and sky, strip and block spaces for people to stay and walk through.
Activity People can rest and enjoy the river-view on the playground. The chimneys also serves as a landscape sketch which can go inside.
Lights Lights are provided by lamps on both wings of factory.
Lights Lights are provided by lamps on top of chimneys and windows of the adjacent factory.
Grid The grid includes corridors and "grid cloud".
Grid The grid includes corridors/clouds wraping the chimenys to connect each planes.
Form Few grids touch the ground,and most grids are in the air.
Form Grids are like cloud clusters and channels in the air. Few grids touch the ground.
Location The case buiding is located at the north end of site.
Location The case is the outdoor space located at the center of the site.
Scenery A gallery to restore the scene of sugar refining.People can visit it by walking on the air corridor.
Activity Workers on the ground refining while tourists in the air visting.
Scenery The waterfront zone where are plenty of industrial structures with a storage and a commercial comlex in it.
Activity Shopping,visiting the storage and leisure activities in the waterfronts.Tourists can interact with the industrial structures.
Lights Lights are provided by spoylights on the ceiling.
Lights Lights are provided by street lamps and spotlights on buidings.
Grid The grid serves as an independent exhibition hall.
Grid The grid is a complex whole attached to the main building.
Form All grids are in the air.
Form Grids gather like a cloud cluster with a corridor extending outside.
Location The case buiding is located at the center of the site.
Location The case buiding is located at the south end of site.
Corridor: Serving as a passage connecting two ends of the factory.
Ancillary Structure: A "grid cloud" gazebo which has planes in different height.
Frame Room: Creating gray space for people to stay or walk through.
Playground: Kids can shuttle and climb up and down in such a box.
Corridors in the air: Continuos Conneting two defferent buildings in a plane.
Veins: Conneting planes of different heights.
Gallery: People walk on which to visit the exhibition of the old sugar-refining process.
Decorative Frame: Creating gray space for people to walk below.
Room&Collums: A semi-enclosed space adjacent to the original building for people to stay.
Connector: A semi-open complex connecting two buildings.
Shell: Wraping the original structure abd offer a new streamline surrounding it.
Gangway: Long terrace outextending above river bank.
Spatial Framework Deconstruction Re-constructing Social Networks A traditional industrial built form is critically conserved by maintaining the outlook yet deconstructing the function. Deconstruction itself can be formalized in a spatial framework, which in turn imply and construct a form. Form, in this deconstructed way, is misled with the flow-made function. Form/function, Historic/Contextalist, once-workflow/new-tourflow, and Solid/void are mutually mixed in a way that neither is compromised or completely. I want to call it Deconstructed Conservation.
03 Geometry Agglomeration Village Kindergarten Design in Guangzhou,China SCUT Architecture Studio, Summer 2015 Instructor: Jianhua Chen Individual Work
Undoubtedly, kids see the world in a different way from adults, and they process received information more abstractly and purely. The design discusses and summarizes possible processed results of kids, then match them to various geometries with diversiform colors and shapes,and emphasizes its artistic conception by utilizing light and shadow. Their combination brings rich experience space. It is an kindergarten of their agglomeration.
The design adequately considered kids' needs for growth. The waved belt creates elevation different and boundaries of public and private spaces, as well as hosting the series of geometry in the meantime. Plenty of interesting spaces come therewith. For instance, the kindergarten is a heavenly place for kids to climb up and down due to the slopes. The skylights provied kids abundant light. Kids can grow up healthily while playing with light and shadow.
Kids 2-4 that first know the world. Kids 4-5 having concept of threedemension.
Kids 5-6 that are most active & naughty. Gathering
Girls are more soft and sensitive.
Kids parented by intellectual.
Kids parented by workmen. Architecture
Kids with Complex family environment.
World In Kids' Eyes Kids are pure,they see things and deal with information in their own simplified ways which varies according to their different conditions.Lots of factors will influnence the results they abstract from objects,for example,age,gender,family background,etc.
Space Grammar Combine the processed results of kids and match them to certain geometric shapes. The experiencing spaces are created as above. The spaces are basic grammar to compose the kindergarten.
Scenarios in Series An undulant axis winds around to create perimeter walls and connect the independent spaces into one system.The space it enclosed also frames a series of intimate gather/play areas.
Ground Floor Plan 1.Entrance 2.Medical Room 3.Lobby 4. Classroom 5.Grand Stair 6.Light Terrace 7.Playground 8.Activity Room
Ambient Belt Hosting Interior Space
The main part of kindergarten is the ambient belt.Lots of space prototypes are loaded on it. Kids can walk, climb the slope or stairs of the rolling ground due to varying elevation. The ceiling is rolling as well, skylight on which creating a rich play of light and shadow. The corresponding protptypes are shown on the right.
Entrance of Cl.7-9
Grand Stairs I
Grand Stairs II
Grand Stairs III
Ends of Belt
Play of Light and Shadow Indoor
Stranded in crowd
You're wearing flow shadows
You become an island
Craze and solitude/
Become a terrene
Light is most essential for kids' growth, kindergarten should be light-filled. In this project, plenty of skylights are set on the ceiling influencing each other. Light shines through space and is blocked out by certain walls,creating a rich artistic conception.
Half Enclosure As Playground hosting Gathering Activities The slope,stairs and walls enclose a grey area to compose a playground, hosting kids' recreational activities.This is the centration of geometry agglometration.Activity room is embodied in the enclosure
Sections Sction the belt around the central playground. We can see the ground and ceiling rolls up and down, bringing rich changes of activity experience and light.
Light Terrace: Scenario above the ambient belt. Skylight pouring down,kids can play trumpoline here.
Scenario below the ambient belt. Kids can look up/down to each other.Less light makes it more mysteious.
Playground is the centration of geometric shapes,a place of sports.
Activity room is at the center of playground,enclosed by the belt.Kids have their enetertainment eduction here.
04 Tri-Angle Iron Museum Design in Anshan, China Studio Alpha Open Project, Summer 2017 Instructor: Kun Zhang, Jianing Zhang, Xinyu Cao Individual Work
What would happen to the site after an origin of resource being exploited out? With the rapid pace of industrialization, it seems we have never think about this question. Lots of coal mines in Shanxi became shambles, the worked-out oil field in Jiangxi, China even became a wasteyard. How come old essential resources fall into useless ruins? What should happen to these origins? How deep and long should we think when we build something? Taking future's parking problem and modes of transportation into
consideration, Mantattan already begins building parking lots far away from downtown instead of on the slope. The design is a museum rethinking about mine in the long-term. It abstracted inversion of the mountainâ€™s altitude as two reversed triangle. As time goes by, the museum will change with environment. But it is always bedded here into the mountain like a rock as a symbol of its dramatic history.
+280 To -222: The Inversion of Dagu Mountain Dagushan Pit is located in Dagu Mountain,Anshan,which is knowned as the city of iron in China.The iron ore resource was firstly discovered during the Japnese economic aggresion to the Northeast of China.They began mineral propsecting secretly from 1909,and plundered violently Chinese material resources.
In 1953,China started the Great Leap Forward Movement which is extemly radical.The whole nation is smelting steel.Dagu Mountain kept being mined and cosumed,and the elevation continued reducing.
1906: Japan enhanced the economic aggression.
1916: Japan begun to mine the mountain at 280 m height.
1949: New China was founded, Anshan became the city of Iron.
2008: The Mine went extented.
2011: The Mine turns to a -222 m pit.
2025: The mineral resources in the Dagushan Pit will be deplepted.
2050: The mineral resources in the Anshan City will be deplepted.
What should we do with the pit in the future?
Process of Inversion The Dagu Mountain never stoped its height reduction in a century. The high mountain gradually became a deep pit.
City Surrounded by Mountains The Anshan City has lots of iron ores, the yearly output of which reaches 7 millions tons per year.
Types Of Iron Ore Most common ores are magnetite.The resourses export to countries all over the world.
The steel mills had been damaged during the wars. In December 1948, the Anshan Iron and Steel Companyâ€”also known as Angangâ€”was founded. Production in the newly repaired steel plant resumed on July 9, 1949. Anshan became a formal administrative region under the Northeastern People's Government in November, 1949.
Dagushan Pit at the Scale of Urban Territoty
What would happen after the resources are completely exhausted? And what should happen? This project attempts to and build a memorial to rethink exploitation of natural resources and recount the history of Chinese industry development.
Dagushan Pit lays among a chain of mountains in Anshan.It is near the downtown and Qianshan Mountain Scenic Zone,and has convenient public transportation.
The historic process of Dagu Mountain can be signified as 3 stages: triangle tokening Stage High Mountain; upslope tokening Stage Radical Movement; inverted triangle tokening Stage Pit.It is a climbing and inversion procedure.
Signifying the Historical Process of Dagushan Pit Triangle can be abstracted as the protype from mountain's shapes in different historic stages.
Variants of Triangle Possible expression forms of triangle are discussed above.Single or combination of triangle can create different volumes and spaces. Choose the propriate ones to compose the 3 stage.
Entrance of Stage 1
Stage 3-1: Sight Window
Stage 2 from Outside
Stage 3-2: Landform
Stage 3-3: Decoration
Climbing in Stage 2
Triangles In the Mountain Stage1: Towering triangle space creates an oppressing sensation. Stage2: Visitors can comprehend the history exhibition while climbing the upslope. Stage3: Inverted triangle is inserted into the mountain and splits each floors of museum,each part of which offers different scales of triangle and different scenarios.
2 2 3 5
2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3 16
Lobby The lobby can serve as the area for performances, the public gatherings, etc. The first view of visitors after come down from the reception will be the giant, monumental triangle. Display rooms of different themes will surround the triangle.
Stage 3 - Site Window Looking out of the window, visitors will see the current look of the pit, the exterior of the mine; looking down through the transparent floor, visitors will see the sectional decoration, i.e. the interial of the mine; looking up, they will see the sky.
Section 1 in 2025 - Under Construction
Section 2 in 2050 - Gallery
Section 3 in 2080 - Mine Park
States of Museum Overtime As time goes by,the geomorphic and ecological environment condition of Dagu Mountain will change. The museum will always stand here recording all of these historic transitions, while its appearance changes therewith.
05 Half of House,Half of BIRD Beloved Inactive Residential District Elderly Community Center Design Under Beijing Hutong Reventing Competition of Baitasi Reventing, Summer 2016 Instructor: Jingheng Lao Collaborator: Jing Wang My Work: All pictures and thesis composing in this portfolio
The past life crowded without lights in night,even take a bath which must go two hutong outside the bathhouse, but used to live, everything is very convenient. At that time,Often hear the sound of the whistle, when the wind blows and the BaiTaSi copper bells clattered and memory in bright sunshine and green vines.Now the old neighbor moved a lot, and the house was empty. The activity in the alley has also become an endless chess room of mahjong,many familiar
activities were disapparing.Imperceptibly, a lot of gate shut". In the past can run to play in hutong, now hutong turned into a maze of walls and shops.Looking for neighborhood residents to participate in activities, stimulate the vitality of the neighborhood itself hidden, while continuing the local traditional culture, rich people's lives, our design ideas. "It is designed to serve the people who live in it" is our design concept.
Hutong, a Tragedy in the Trajectory of Socialism As the Chinese capital, Bejing develops, the demolition of historic neighborhoods and displacement of once-secure families is becoming one of the city's most controversial issues. Especially in Zhongnanhai.1 The demolition of Beijing's historical courtyard alleyways, called Hutong, has long Is a typical representative of this situation. At the height of the city's headlong rush to modernity in the 1990s, about 600 Hutong were destroyed each year, displacing an estimated 500,000 residents. Seemingly overnight, the city was transformed from a warren of Ming dynasty-era neighborhoods into an ultramodern urban sprawl, pocked with gleaming office towers and traversed by eight-lane highways.
1. Zhongnanhai, is a formerly imperial garden in Beijing, China adjacent to the Forbidden City; it serves as the central headquarters for the Central government of China.
Remaining Hutong dwellers are worried, and for good reason -- they have a lot to lose. Their courtyard houses have survived centuries of war and revolution, the strain of collective ownership, and the turbulence of early economic reform. Passed down from generation to generation, they are often last-remaining monuments to entire family lines. Patchy compensation schemes have left some displaced families insolvent. Unable to afford a new home in the old city, which is gentrifying almost as quickly as it's disappearing, they are forced to move into shoddy high-rise communities on the city's exurban outskirts. The truth is, Chinese government do have worked on Hutong preservation. A proposal called Beijing City Master Plan was propounded and negotiated seriously between the officials and Hutong preservationists, which designated a large swath of Hutong in central Beijing as a "historical and cultural protected area” .However, it didn’t do much good as viewed on Google map. As Yao Yuan2, said, "they (the officials) don't have as much space as they need for their work. So they need to keep on expanding into the Old City, constructing new office buildings. And this brings problems."
" 拆 (chai) " , painted marks on walls which are to be dismantled in time.
2. Yao Yuan, an urban planning expert at Peking University.
Beijing Master Plan Proposed in 2005 the Reality Through Time The Plan did not really went well. Several Hutong adjacent to Zhongnanhai were flattened right after the Plan being established in 2003.
The current situation of the Old City's people, land and housing, and the residents' living situation is relatively poor. Regarding meld of the style of the Old City with the
3. The yellow part in Master Plan is the older neiborhoods to be preserved. 4. These pictures are captured on Google Earth in 2018.1.5
development strategy of a world city as of the utmost importance in Beijing's development, the original lifestyle of Hutong dwellers has always been ignored.
Capital, Power and Space 5. Henri Lefebvre(1901 – 1991) was a French Marxist philosopher and sociologist, best known for pioneering the critique of everyday life, and introducing the concepts of the right to the city and the production of social space.
6. Halles Centrales, Paris's former wholesale produce market.
According to Henri Lefebvre5, "An existing space may outlive its original purpose and the reason which determines its forms, functions, and structures; it may thus in a sense become vacant, and susceptible of being diverted, reappropriated and put to a use quite different from its initial one." A recent and well-known case of this was the reappropriation of the Halles Centrales6, in 1969-71. For a brief period, the urban centre, designed to facilitate the distribution of food, was transformed into a gatheringplace and a scene of permanent festival -- in short, into a centre of play rather than of work -- for the youth of Paris. As Lefebvre writes in the Production of Space, “With the advent of modernity time has vanished from social space. It is recorded solely on measuring-instruments, on clocks, that are isolated and functionally specialized as this time itself. Lived time loses its form and its social interest -- with the exception, that is, of time spent working. Economic space subordinates time to itself; political space expels it as threatening and dangerous (to power). The primacy of the economic and above all of the political implies the supremacy of space over time.” The same modernization that has deprived travel of its temporal aspect has likewise deprived it of the reality of space. The requirement of capitalism that is met by urbanism in the form of a freezing of life might be described, in Hegelian terms, as an absolute predominance of "tranquil side-by-sideness" in space over "restless becoming in the progression of time."
Whose Right to the City 7. Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution, published by David Harvey in 2012-44.
Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution7 is a book that draws on the idea of Henri Lefebvre, about the need for a renewed and transformed urban life. Lefebvre dubbed this need for transformation of the urban landscape and life ‘right to the city’: a right that those producing and sustaining the city lack and must fight to claim. And Harvey’s main attempt in this book is to provide an anti-capitalist and revolutionary meaning to the ‘right to the city’; he sees the ‘right to the city’ as a collective struggle by all those that have a part in producing the city and creating the life in it, to claim the right to decide what kind of urbanism they want. Thus, the process of urbanization has become capitalistic, and a central feature for the reproduction of capitalism. In addition, capitalist urbanization has another, even darker nature according to Harvey: the urban restructuring takes place through a process of ‘displacement and dispossession’. This means usually that poorer and less powerful populations are losing their place and space in the city. The commodification of the city and the ‘urban development along class lines’ is a global phenomenon. And it is a class phenomenon where the capitalist class uses predatory practices of exploitation and dispossession
over vulnerable populations diminishing, in this way, their capacity to sustain the necessary conditions for social reproduction. In fact, the better the common qualities a social group creates, the more likely it is to be raided and appropriated by private profit-maximizing interests. So those who had created interesting and vibrant neighborhoods lose them, through the use of predatory practices, to upper class consumers and capitalists. The privatization of housing and commodification of the city (rent) which is based on the power of monopoly of private owners over assets has become the main predatory practice of capitalists against the low-income classes. For an urban revolution, to be successful in our world of neoliberal globalization, Harvey argues that there are should be a strong and vibrant support from popular forces, the concept of work should entail the labour for the production and reproduction of an increasingly urbanized daily life, and an equal status should be given to struggles of the workers against the recuperation and realization of surplus value in their living spaces.
From Beijing Gentrification to Nostalgia with Memory As says above, Beijing gradually enhances its speed as well as scale of urban renewal. Various sorts of city space has been transformed for commercial purposes,including traditional areas.The city is full of antiquity Chinese-style shops with giant English branches become ubiquitous everywhere. This kind of transformation undoubtedly has brought substantial commercial profits, but the total urban space is constant. The accomanying function removing also inevitblely undermined the normal lives of old residents in the meantime.What happens to the repalced original functions is a question worth pondering and reflecting. With Beijing's culture of bird mapped onto, one essential function is Bird Market where bird-majority pets and pot plants are sold at.
Bird Culture can be traced back to Qing Dynasty.
The culture of bird can be traced back to Qing Dynasty. According to Yanjing (Old Beijng) Miscellanea8, " 京师人多养雀，街上闲行者有臂鹰者，有笼百舌者 , 游手无 事，出入必携。 " That is, Beijing partisens like to keep birds of all sorts. The holding a birdcage, wearing a robe can be found strolling everywhere in every morning. Nowadys, Bird Culture is more related to the urbanization of Beijing and the Empty Nest Elderly Phenomenon. With younger generation all go outside of families to struggle for enteprise, the elderly are left home alone. Keeping birds provides them an approach of emotional transference and sustenance. In addition, communicating with neighbors, exercising during walking birds are also functions of Bird Culture. Under such background, bird market endures. Normally, bird markets are common and often located in relatively prosperous areas in Hutong neiborhoods. More than 1 markets exists at certain intervals. Having such popularity, bird markets are deemed as a symbol of neighborhood friendship, and an integral part of Beijing partisens life.
8. Yanjing Miscellanea, 《燕 京杂记》，a book recording notes and stories in Old Beijing.
Direction of Renewal
Scope of Influence
Monument of Sanqing Temple
Lu Xun Musuem
0-3m 35.05% 3-5m 22.58% 5-6m 14.75% 6-7m 9.21% 7-10m 9.68% More Than 10m 8.72%
Keeping Birds As A Culture in Hutong The tradition of keeping a bird steeps a long history,and have been endowed with a new meaning under the rapid deve
Bird for BIRD (Beloved Inactive Residential District) The culture of bird is greatly shown in Chinese movie Mr. Six8. Happened in some Hutong, the male lead, Mr. Six' s rebellious son Xiaobo seldom comes home, and Mr. Six keeps a bird Little Eight instead in order to sooth his lonely heart. Holding little eight, he seizes the last string that connects him with other dwellers in Hutong.
8. Mr.Six is a 2015 Chinese crime drama film directed by Guan Hu and written by Dong Runnian.
The reason that Hutong is so substantial to the dwellers' emotion bond is that, the scale of buildings and streets in Hutong is much smaller than ordinary urban area. Thus the psychological distance among neighbors is much smaller as well. The Hutong dwellers share a large proportion of daily life with each other.
Typical Examples of Renewal VS Removing Nanluo Guxiang is the most famous renovated old space.It is traditional Beijing Hutong space at first,reconstructed to business street space.Sanlitun is a completely commercialized area. 400x400 Grid Analysis/1750
Building Types Height > 5m
5m > Height > 3m
3m > Height
Building Types Height > 15m
15m > Height > 5m
5m > Height
400x400 Grid Analysis/1750 450M
Different Scales in Beijing Urban Area Different physical scales will undoubtedly bring different mental feelings of people.
Bird markets are often located in relatively prosperous areas in Hutong neibouhoods.
Some bird markets open everyday, some only on the weekends. Attracting lots of visitors from all over the city, most customers are the elderly in the nearby neibourhoods.
The forms of bird markets are multiple but undisciplined. Some sellers choose to hang the birdcages on border trees, some even simply display their birdcages on the back seat of bicycle.
Keeping birds becomes a new emotional sustenance of the elderly in the new age.
Bird Market Forms
Thinking of this kind of emotion bond, I choose a courtyard in a remewal area beside Zhongnanhai. There used to be a city-known bird market but removed due to the renewal. I want to create an elderly community center which can undertake Bird Culture. Here comes the Beloved Inactive Residential District.
BIBLIOGRAPHY 1 1. Attoh, Kafui A. "What kind of right is the right to the city?."Progress in human geography 35.5 (2011): 669-685.
2. Becker, Jasper. City of heavenly tranquility: Beijing in the history of China. Oxford University Press on Demand, 2008.
3. BORED, NOT. "Henri Lefebvre’s The Production of Space." (1999). 4. Frantzanas, Sotirios. “The right to the city as an anti-capitalist struggle” Ephemera – Theory & Politics in Organization (2014): Volume 14(4) 1073-1079
5. Gu, Huimin, and Chris Ryan. "Place attachment, identity and community impacts of tourism—the case of a Beijing hutong."Tourism management 29.4 (2008): 637647.
A Solution of Half Geometry Inspired by the special emotion fragmentation and connection, I abstract the concept " half ", and ultilize it as the technique of form transformation. Various activities happen with bird keeping. Undertaking these activies and adding more types encouraging gathering, culture displaying and communicating events. The program generation is illustrated as follows. The chosen courtyard before reconstruction consists of two flat-roofed buildings and a sandwiched stripy yard.
Display of Bird Culture
Bird Market On Weekends
Transformation of " Bird Events "
Half of Entrance
Half of Main Building
Half of Roof
Reconstruction Process Reconstruct the chosen courtyard basing on the designated functions in the project. The three parts of courtyard are cut in half respectively three times, and he " Half Solution" applys well.
Ground Floor Plan
BIBLIOGRAPHY 2 6 Harvey, David. "The right to the city." The City Reader 6 (2008): 2340. 7. HE, Shen-jing, and Yu-ting LIU. "Mechanism and Consequences of China's Gentrification under Market Transition [J]." Scientia Geographica Sinica 4 (2010): 004.
Second Floor Plan
8. Lynch, Kevin. The image of the city. Vol. 11. MIT press, 1960. 9. Marcuse, Peter. "Whose right (s) to what city?." Cities for people, not for profit: Critical urban theory and the right to the city 24 (2012).
10. Kaiman, Jonathan. "Razing history: the tragic story of a Beijing neighborhood’s destruction." The Atlantic 9 (2012).
13. Meyer, Michael. The last days of old Beijing: life in the vanishing backstreets of a city transformed. Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2010.
11. Lefebvre, Henri. The production of space. Vol. 142. Blackwell: Oxford, 1991. 12. Lefebvre, Henri. "The right to the city." Writings on cities 63181 (1996).
14. Purcell, Mark. "Excavating Lefebvre: The right to the city and its urban politics of the inhabitant." GeoJournal 58.2-3 (2002): 99-108.
Half as Fabric Opening to Community The beveled entrance presents an open gesture, welcoming the neighborhoods. The fence extracts the elements of birdcage, whose blanks can also serve as showcases.
Half as Light gone with Bird The translucent sloping roof brings a rich light and shadow to the courtyard. Vines shade in summer, and sunlight shines in winter.
06 Cube4 Art Installation on Theme ' Wall ' SCUT Art Exhibition, Fall 2016 Collaborator: Yifan Deng My work: Conceptual and Project Design, Cooperation on Models, All pictures in this portfolio
我跨越千万堵冰冷的水泥 Millions of cold cement I crossed
拨开伪装的繁丽藻饰 Disguise of garish orgaments I poked
我穿过虚拟信息世界 Virtual information world I traversed
却仍有 But still
仍有险恶人性拦我去路 Still sinister humanitied block my way
Living in such a crowded, fast-paced world, people are increasingly inclined to only focus on themselves and arm themselves with a series of boundaries. Boundary becomes enstangement. I select 4 types of boundary, and symbolize their meanings to 4 elements. Correspongding to the exhibition theme ' Wall ' , I use transparent acrylic plate to represent walls that stop people touching the softness in heart of each other. They can not be seen, but they are always, unbreakable. Then the 4 boundaries are attached respectively on 4 layers of wall. I call it Cube4.
Cover my eyes
而我触碰你心依然 But still I want to touch your soul
The size of the entire artwork is 850mm* 835mm* 784mm. This artwork was made in 2017.11, and was displayed in School of Architecture, SCUT for 3 months.
The four layers from outside to the inside are Cement Layer, Orgament Layer, Electric Network Layer, Word Layer. The Cement layer represents physical barriers in reality. The Orgament Layer represents hypocriy between people. The Electric Network means to point out the phonomenon that people nowadays rely much on the online world, which makes us less care for each other in real world. The Word Layer is pasted on a lot of words that dipicting sinister humanity. Such as GREED, LIES, JEALOUSY, and so on. These 4 layers have progressive relashionship in meaning.
Attaching 4 Elements on Acrylic Plate In the picture above, I am painting quick-drying cement on the plate.The process must be accomplished quickly and accurately, otherwise the cement will be stereotyped in a not aesthetics state.
I make these elements attach to the acrylic plates in a way of growing upwards like cirrus does. A heart model is painted by gouache and put in the centural box. It is like our heart are passionate at first. But the barriers are gradually wraping over our heart. In the end, we all become alone.
1 Me painting the heart model 2 Tools 3 Layers spreaded on table 4 Colorized heart
10 Diapason Rebuild Unbuilt Tête Défense Never Built Paris Exhibition, Spring 2019 Individual Work Exhibition Design, Model Making, Coorperation on Curation Since the 1930’s Paris had tried to activate La Défense, the business district on its western outskirts, where a jumble of mediocre high-rises later emerged, unrestricted in appearance or location. In 1970, I.M. Pei proposed the Diapason, or “tuning fork” at Tête Défense, the gateway to the area, aligned with the city’s historic Grand Axis. The pair of sixtystory concrete office towers were intended to dominate the surrounding chaos. Pei, attempting to preserve the vista through the Grand Axis, sketched a perfectly symmetrical megastructure knit together by a radically inverted glass arch. Killed by the oil crisis of 1973, Pei’s unique concept has deeply influenced subsequent proposals for La Défense, where the tuning fork’s site has been replaced by another carved out structure: The Grande Arche. TETE DEFENSE CNIT
PALAIS DES CONGRES L'ARC DE TRIOMPHE LE ROND POINT LA PLACE DE LA CONCORDE LE LOUVRE
To represent the project, I made the project model in modern style using grey mat board with brushed wet gesso to make the texture and acrylic sheet.
What needs to be more emphasized is the relationship between Diapason and its context - symmetry and domination. Therefore a bended perspective as the continuous view of the Grand Axis is put behind, with the surrounding high-rises that are "doinated" collaged.
Intro of the Exhibition
PORTFOLIO OF DIAN YU M.S. Architeture and Urban Design Columbia University Selected Works 2013-2019
Selected works from 2013 to 2019.