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thecollegian Issue 8 • Friday, Feb. 5, 2016 •



DOWNTOWN STOCKTON “Huddle” workspace is bringing attention to Stockton’s downtown area.


ART GALLERY Late professor’s art showcased at the L.H. Horton Art Gallery.


PROF. PERFORMS Delta Professor performs in self-written play.



February is Black History Month.

FEB. 5

National Bubblegum Day

FEB. 8

Chinese New Year

FEB. 11

Last day to submit a Refund Request Form for Spring 2016 semester.

Stockton’s water controversy came to campus on Monday, Feb. 1. Once a widely unknown and common practice of cities municipalities’ water treatment has sparked a citywide debate of the decisions local government is making in regards to citizen health. The debate is centered around the addition of chloramines – chlorine and ammonia – as a secondary disinfectant to Stockton’s drinking water. More than 1,200 citizens attended the Town Hall held at Atherton Auditorium, featuring known activist Erin Brokovich and Stockton Mayor Anthony Silva. In recent months, residents have expressed concern about chloramine being more harmful than tests are showing. Included on the panel were Vice Mayor Christina Fugazi, water treatment expert Robert Bowcock, Executive Director to Restore the Delta Barbara Barrigan-Parrilla and Director of the California Sportsfishing Protection Alliance Bill Jennings. Water is a hot issue in the country right now, especially with the Flint, Michigan water crisis and a dozen other cities dealing with toxic lead pollution. “Stockton is not Flint,” said Fugazi, who had a slide that said the same. Fugazi explained the city’s position. “There are no lead pipes in Stockton,” she said, explaining why the Stockton City Council believes chloramines are harmless to the watertreatment process. Fugazi described the difference between chlorine treatment and chloramine treatment. “It’s stable and persistent. I liken it an Aleve or maybe an Ibuprofen,” she said. The Vice Mayor also said the City of Stockton will become transparent by weekly updting the water levels and chemicals and byproducts tested in the water. Brokovich’s leading water treatment expert Bob Bowcock said “we’ve

ATHERTON: Above, Erin Brockovich looking up at the screen during meeting. Left, crowd brings questions regarding Stockton water. PHOTOS BY RICHARD REYES

seen what’s coming … it’s a one-way collision course with disaster.” Bowcock described the process as “duct tape” that it will only be a temporary, cheap and quick fix.


election update Delta enrollment plummets 2016 BY MEGAN MAXEY BY MIKEAL HONZELL

With the spring semester of 2016 underway, there is a considerably low number of students enrolled this semester, causing a number of classes to suffer the consequences. “We started declining in the last three years,” said Vice President for Instruction Matt Wetstein, “Not by huge numbers. It’s just been a gradual decline.” According to Wetstein, there were around 22,000 students enrolled at Delta College in

2013. Now in 2016, there are around 19,000 enrolled. The classes most affected by this decline are electives. Students in the Reading of Shakespeare class received an email on Jan. 25 stating the class was cancelled due to a low number of students enrolling. “The class only had seven students enrolled,” said Jon Christensen, who was enrolled in the course. “And we needed a minimum of fifteen students in order for the class to continue.


In the 2016 election year, the race isn’t just starting to heat up – it’s been on fire for some time. The campaign for president is an unprecedented, entertaining rollercoaster. Donald Trump, Hilary Clinton, Bernie Sanders, Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio are voices you currently hear on television, online, on social media and every other outlet. But what are they really saying and how is it affecting voters? “[Donald Trump’s support] really shows a lot of people’s anger towards the republican establishment,” said Joel Blank, political science professor and advisor to the Politics and Law club. Blank said Republican voters have been unhappy with the mainstream Republicans currently in the senate and stand behind Trump because, “he has a lot of charisma, he’s angry, and he’s able to feel their pain … I think that’s why he’s been very

See ELECTION, Page 8

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2 opinion

ZACH MERCES-SPINDLER, OPINION EDITOR or (209) 954-5156 ISSUE 8 • FEB. 5, 2016 •

Down with the tyrant we call grades


n America, grades are everything. They determine what classes you take, what colleges you go to and even what jobs you get. The grading system in our country is tough, it creates pressure on students going through the system. More often than not we find students trying to get through the classes with a passing grade. So we see students who copy off friends or cheat from the person next to them on tests. They aren’t absorbing any information, only writing down answers. If a student fails an assignment or quiz, they automatically start calculating what is needed to pass the class. I am guilty of this, as well. I’m often finding myself trying to get homework answers from my peers. And those peers get the answers

from online. me or a B-,” said Bruce. You don’t find too many students With Bruce’s point system, every learning for content. They just want to student starts with one thousand points pass their classes. and she hopes that as long as students But one Delta instructor has a differ- keep up with the material in the class ent approach. they will easily maintain those points. Kathleen Bruce, a communications Society continues to put pressure on studies instructor, feels that letter grades struggling students about their grades, are unnecessary and gives her students a threatening that they will work at Mcpoint system rather than a letter grade. Donald’s for the rest of their lives. Bruce also thinks it’s important for “The number one reason I’m against students to learn the material in the grades is because we start identifying class and ourselves with not just that grade. care for So if you’re MIDORI the grade an A student they get you start to MORITA at the [think] you’re end of it. really smart, “Obyou’re sucviously I do give letter grades because cessful within the system. If you’re like I have to. But I just don’t give letter a C or maybe low B student you start grades on assignments or presentations. to think you’re average, and that there’s Like you’ll never get an 83 percent from nothing special or unique about you,

so you start identifying that way,” said Bruce. Obviously other professors feel differently and Bruce is fine with that. She refuses to push her grading system onto other professors. “I don’t judge other teachers for grades, I think that’s fine, because that works for them. I just have a system that works for me,” said Bruce. Bruce has a point. In high school, I was an average student who maintained high C’s. I had friends who had straight A’s with a 4.0 grade point average. It made me feel like I was never really going to succeed once I left high school. But once I left high school, that mentality of getting perfect grades is gone. I now focus on the material and occasionally I’ll ask my professor about my grade.

MUSTANG VOICE: “Predictions on the new semester?” Amanda Faye Lemon

Julie Golingan Roberts

Jose Cuevas

“I think it’s going to go better than last semester. My teachers seem pretty great… the homework schedule isn’t too packed … I really enjoy it here, it’s a good experience.”

“I think it’ll be better than last semester. Just in general, the campus climate has been pretty good. I feel like people are pretty fresh and hoping to start something different because of the new year.”

“It’s going pretty well so far. The classes that stand out to me are my English class, my professor is kind of crazy … a good crazy.”

Chris Arizu

ChanZe Layag

“I feel pretty good. I think if I can just apply myself I can get through all my classes perfectly fine. My piano professor Nuby, she’s really helpful. She’s really hands on, she wants to teach you, she likes her job more than anything else I would say.”

“Here at Delta College, it’s pretty easy. My psych teacher, professor Dylan, likes helping students and her class is really easy.”

THE COLLEGIAN — SPRING 2016 PRODUCTION STAFF EDITORS IN CHIEF Robert Juarez Midori Morita NEWS Megan Maxey FEATURE Midori Morita ENTERTAINMENT/OPINION Zachariah Merces-Spindler SPORTS Richard Reyes COPY EDITOR Kristen Riedel

SENIOR STAFF WRITER Orlando Jose STAFF WRITERS Laura Angle Killian Barnhart Antonio Cervantes Christopher Donaldson Gloria Gibbs Ramiz Haddad Jeremy Julian Bianca Laboca Mark Larks Shellcia Longsworth Dylan Loura Chanelle Muerong Karim Osman Francina Sanchez Sophia Simon

Aliyah Stoeckl Jose Velaquez Estrada Oschane Walker Wanda Whitten

EDITORIAL Unsigned editorials reflect the position of the entire Collegian staff.

ADVISER Tara Cuslidge-Staiano

Comments, letters and editorials with a byline represent the opinion of the writer.

ADVERTISING The Collegian offers display advertising. Contact us at (209) 954-5156 or LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Letters raising issues and opinions are encouraged, but shouldn’t be taken as a reflection of the opinions of the staff.

This paper doesn’t endorse or represent the opinions of the adviser, the Mass Communication department, the Fine Arts Division, the printer or Delta College administration.

MISSION STATEMENT The Collegian is a student run First Amendment newspaper that prides itself on a commitment to the students of San Joaquin Delta College while maintaining its independence. We reinvigorate the credo that the newspaper speaks for the students, checks abuses of power and stands vigilant in the protection of democracy and free speech.

Religious fallout: a personal tale Writer wants to live his current life the way he wants to, not by worrying about a disapproving entity dictating afterlife


rowing up, I attended two private Christian If you choose to worship Jesus, you’ll go to heaven schools in Stockton called Lakeside Christian and live in pure bliss with him forever. and Brookside Christian. However, if you choose not to follow Jesus and live Like most impressionable children at Lakeside, I your life the way you want, you will go to hell and burn believed there was a man named Jesus in the sky watchfor eternity. So choose wisely. ing over me; watching me when I play, eat, use the rest As a child I lived in fear knowing that Jesus was room, take a shower, etc. watching my every move, he knew when I was asleep This creeped me out a bit, but it didn’t stop me from and awake. Whether I’m being bad or good and taking playing hide and seek with Jesus notes on my behavior, kind of during recess. like a Santa Claus 2.0. Lakeside would have chapel I lived in fear knowing that MIKAEL every Wednesday where one any little mistake I made could of its pastors would deliver a result in me burning for the rest HONZELL sermon. of eternity. On chapel days, we’d watch At Brookside Christian High short cartoon clips of Jesus healschool I started to see religion ing the crippled or anything that involved him being a differently. Good Samaritan. One day during Bible class the teacher started crying I recall one time where we watched a scene from the because her stepfather had died, but his death wasn’t all movie “Passion of the Christ.” What scene do you think that was on her mind. they showed us at 6-9 years old? She was upset about how he wasn’t a follower in The scene where Jesus was getting whipped and cruci- Christ, which meant she wouldn’t see him in heaven fied. because he’d be in hell, despite the fact he was a very We saw Jesus nailed to the cross and the crown of decent man, from what she told us. thorns making his head bleed profusely. So you’re saying that it doesn’t matter if you’re a good Why would they show a bloody man getting nailed person on earth? to a cross to young children? Probably to hammer it If you don’t follow Christ, you’ll go to hell? into our heads that he went through that for us. No pun At this point, I didn’t want to follow a God whose intended. teachings instill guilt and fear in children, sends good As this scene went on, I observed the audience of my people to hell and doesn’t want me to listen to music fellow schoolmates and one of the girls in my class was that isn’t Christ like, which I was told I’d regret when crying. it’s my time to stand before God. What was going through her head? Were those tears I want to live my life the way I want to, I want to of happiness and gratitude for this man going through listen to the music of my choice and not have to worry this for her? Or were they tears of guilt, thinking “He about someone in the sky disapproving. went through that because of ME?” Some of Christ’s followers may say this is selfish After all, we were told that Jesus died for OUR sins because they think I owe my life to a God who, in my because he loves us unconditionally, which is why we opinion, doesn’t even exist. But this is my life and it very owe it to him to spend our time here on earth worshipwell may be the only one I have, so I’m going to live it ping him. the way I want to. But the cool thing about Jesus is that he doesn’t force us to worship him. He gave us free will.

Keep Delta’s campus butt free RTD littered by cigarette butts due to smoke-free campus policy


he notorious smokers who once gathered behind pocket,” said Mathew Mason, a math major. “I think Shima have all migrated since Delta College bewe should invest in plastic cigarette ash trays to clean up came a smoke-free campus the front of the school, on July 14, 2014. to make it look more This ban declared that no presentable.” LAURA smoking shall be permitted Good idea, but who on campus, thus changing the is going to be responsiANGLE “Shima Smokers” to the “Bus ble for the costs of these Stop Smokers.” ashtrays? Since the sidewalk by the Not Delta college, No. 40 bus stop is considered Regional Transit District since the smokers are on RTD property. (RTD) property, smokers are allowed to smoke only This leads to another dilemma; RTD bus stops are in the small area, or face a rather pricey ticket – up to officially smoke-free as well. Apparently, the bus drivers $100 for a third offense. don’t know this, because the majority of the time there This leads to a perdicament. will be a bus driver smoking away at the bus stop. Where are the smokers leaving their butts? Since students and bus drivers together are littering All over Delta College property. the front of the school, we should both pitch in to make More than 10 students admitted to throwing cigathe school look more aesthetically pleasing. rette butts into the grass or on the sidewalk. Maybe someone can bring a bucket to school for It’s convenient, but it’s killing the grass and makes people to dump their butts in. the campus look trashy and dirty. Whatever the answer may be, the smokers of the bus Some students proposed a solution: buy the plastic stop need to do something to clean up the front of our and portable cigarette ashtrays. smoke-free campus. “I usually either throw them in the trash or in my

Micheal Bay delivers intense action on a heavily debated Benghazi incident MEGAN MAXEY


fter its first few weeks in theaters, “13 Hours” has now become this year’s first underrated film. Following the popularity of similar movies like “Zero Dark Thirty” and “American Sniper,” one would expect Americans to go see “13 Hours” as well. While many did go see it and gave good reviews, it seems as if the millennial generation didn’t even notice the film. The problem may lie with its subject: Benghazi. Did anybody know the true story of September 11, 2012 before seeing this movie? If you didn’t read a book about it or research it in detail, the answer is most likely no. After the deaths in Libya, there was only confusion circulating about what happened. The federal government tried to tell the public that there was an attack on the American embassy because of an anti-Islamic video released. Unfortunately, the tragic event became yesterday’s news when the next big thing everyone talked about came along. The event at Benghazi didn’t receive national attention until later on. The 2015 trial against Hillary Clinton regarding Benghazi and her time serving as Secretary of State was confusing to most Americans. If nobody knows what happened, then why was the former Secretary of State on trial? Clinton was victimized during the trial and gained some positive poll ratings. After the trial the Benghazi issue was left silent by the media. The support behind “13 Hours” comes from those who knew that the truth needed to be heard and that the lives of the four men lost that night have to be honored. The movie did not target Clinton or bring in much politics. It was clear to the audience the movie makers’ intentions were to tell the story, not place blame or target those involved. The premier screening was shown in Texas, free for not only the actors and producers, but for the marines, their families and their communities. Because this issue was so misunderstood and swept under the rug, many millennials did not have an interest in seeing “13 Hours.” This is not only disappointing, but also surprising that young people do not have the curiosity to find out what really happened that night in Benghazi.

4 feature

MIDORI MORITA, FEATURE EDITOR or (209) 954-5156 ISSUE 8 • FEB. 5, 2016 •




“Across the Border con Camacho,” directed by Donna Marie, was hosted by a new theater group called Telling Our Authentic Stories Theater Company (TOASTCO) on Jan. 22 at Faith Baptist Church in Stockton. It stars and was written by Delta College Professor Manuel Camacho. “Today is the opening of the play ‘Across the border with Camacho’, this is about my personal experience coming across the border, the struggle to making it across,” he said. “Well, I wish all of you guys out there could’ve been here to experience the play and everything what’s going on around the world, there is poverty everywhere around the world in a lot of people come here to the United States you know to better their lives and because I guess better for is there are kids and to help family,” said cast member Maria Alejandra Cobian. “I just want to let everyone know that theater is a great way to express yourself and tell your own story which is one of the things that TOASTCO is doing with their plays and they’re all about telling the story of their people in the story of the untold person. “We just trying to get everyone out there to know what’s going on and how everything is with people,” said cast member Ryan Lantz. It’s almost show time and the church is packed with people waiting to watch the play, as the director comes to the front, gives an introduction about TOASTCO, the lights go pitch black. A spotlight hits the two actors. One was speaking Spanish and the other one speaking in English, a direct translation of the statement being said. As the play goes back into the dark set, I’m hearing music, sound effects, the lights come back on seeing the cast members dressed up. It takes place in Mexico with a family being hungry because there is less food in the house.

Camacho wants to cross the border to get some meat, and try work to help the families back home. As the play goes on, it hits our hearts with education, sadness and laughter in the story telling of the play. Audience members reacted after the play ended. “I learned a lot tonight actually, TOASTCO has put on an amazing presentation this was truly an authentic story I am I didn’t know what to expect at first it started out with Spanish and I know very little Spanish I know how to find the bathroom and if I get lost how to find a telephone that’s all I know,” said Jennifer Primous. “But I learned about a different language, a different culture and the true story about a professor coming over to America. It was funny, it intriguing, educational and had a deep message of understanding the struggle of someone striving to do better in life and I think it was inspirational.” Katrina Lockett echoed the statement “I’ve experienced how some people just don’t know how to be nice to other races and people that coming over the border they have a different view on life, and I really enjoyed it was great tonight,” she said. Donna Marie said the goal was to share Camacho’s story of crossing the border. “One of the things that tends to happen is we listen to a lot of media, and we have a misperception about what that experience is really like we have a misperception about what immigration, and how it how it affects our country.” she said. “I think that is very important to educate the community on different cultural perspectives about the things that affect us the most, and this was a great show of something like that it was committed, as well as, sad that it took you to a journey of emotions. The play did not just focus on the tragedy of it, but there we found the humor in the tragedies which is a nice way to tell the PHOTOS BY ORLANDO JOSE story that will be stimulating, educational and STRUGGLE TO SUCCESS: Delta Professor Manuel Camacho and Donna engaging at the same time.” Marie, top, give an introduction for the play in both Spanish and English. Marie Cobian, bottom, performs with Camacho’s fictional family on stage.



On the first day of school, thousands of students enter classrooms on the Delta College campus without a thought as to how the classes were scheduled, rooms assigned and supplied, and teachers provided to open the doors to higher learning. The deans who do this work, and more, have little scheduled daily interaction with students, but their contributions to our education are foundational enough to be invisible, and there would be no school without them. “We need to make sure, first of all, that we’re offering the appropriate classes for students, so students can complete certificates and degrees, and students can get jobs,” said Gillian Murphy, Dean of Applied Science, Business and Technology. Murphy, a native of Dublin, Ireland, is a believer in lifelong learning who achieved her MBA in her 40s at St. Mary’s College in Moraga. “I’m all about the fact that we’re here in an economy that needs to have a trained workforce and part of the way we get that is for students to come and get skills, no matter what their age,” said Murphy. Choosing what classes to offer also involves making sure that all of the classes needed for a degree are not offered only on the same day at the same time. “As a student, you’re going to be taking a chem class and you’re going to take a history class, so we’ve got to make sure there is availability for both of those between our divisions,” said Dr. Steven Graham Ed.D., Division Dean of Humanities, Social Science, Education, Kinesiology and Athletics. Graham began his career as an academic advisor at Delta in 1990, where he met his wife and had two chil-

dren who both now teach here. “I think it’s the beacon of the community, so I’m totally a Delta Mustang all the way,” said Graham. “Each of the divisions has classrooms that are assigned to them and that they schedule in,” said Graham. Deans must match the needs of a class with the supplies in a room, while adding the final variable of an instructor. “Deans work with the administration on screening and hiring faculty, evaluating faculty, and addressing student needs,” said Murphy. Once an instructor has been hired, a dean’s job isn’t over. “By contract, faculty members have to be evaluated once every three years; a formal evaluation. I’ve got over 150 faculty, that’s basically 40 evaluations a semester,” said Graham. Each evaluation includes observing the instructor as he or she teaches class, reviewing the curriculum, conducting student surveys and having meetings to discuss all of the results. “It’s an honor to be in the position, but it’s also a very demanding position,” said Murphy. Graham enjoys the time-consuming process because he is inspired by the passion of the teachers, and the methods they use to engage the students in learning. “Our population is so diverse, and that’s what makes it really difficult to teach, because of the diversity of the issues that are out there,” said Graham. That challenging part of being a dean at a community college is also one of its greatest rewards. PHOTO BY KRISTEN RIEDEL “I love the buzz on campus. I love when students come back to class. I love talking to students. It’s great DISCUSSING DELTA: Gillian Murphy, top, tediously to talk to enthusiastic students, but it’s also great to talk multitasking to get the day’s work finished. All deans to students and help them build their enthusiasm,” said meet, bottom, to discuss campus-related topics. Murphy.

CREATING A NEW VISION: Huddle offers space for start-ups

COOL, CLAM, COLLECTED: Shannon Rock, left, starts her day answering emails. Jasmine Leek and Erik Johansson, right, work at Huddle.


Downtown Stockton is making a comeback. With the Stockmarket, Stockton Visitor’s Bureau and other local businesses putting Stockton on the forefront, many people are finding a reason to come back to downtown other than work or jury duty. Huddle, a coworking space on San Joaquin Street, is trying to help bring back the charisma downtown Stockton once had. The minute you walk into Huddle, you’re greeted with a warm, welcoming and modern atmosphere. Huddle is a project from Ten Space, a company that revitalizes run down parts of cities. Jasmine Leek, Director for Huddle, manages the space and everything that goes into it. She handles the lease documents, plans events and networks within the community. “I take them on tours of the space, and usually we’ll go on a tour of downtown,” said Leek. There are eight private offices individuals can lease, a conference room and an open room with desks and

chairs for those who do not want to lease an office. While there are offices untouched, a couple companies have set up shop. Shannon Rock is the owner of Preserve Studio, a wedding photography, videography and event coordination company. Rock pays one lump sum a month and Huddle provides everything from WiFi to printers and access to a shared kitchen. While the environment is quiet for most of the day, Rock says those who are at the workspace are always looking for ways to support one another. “If there are ways to instantly collaborate, people always talk about it,” said Rock. Huddle also holds mixers and sponsors other special events to help people network and share ideas with others in the community. “It’s really hard to do something here if you don’t have community support, before all the social media and these things happened, anything was like social gossip. Without something like this it’s really hard to do it without finding a way to get to know people,” said Rock.


Another tenant is Pedro Avila, who owns Road Finch, a bicycle advertising company. Avila has been with Huddle for a year and enjoys the coworking environment. “Even if they walk by and say hello to them, it’s better than just being by yourself in an office building,” said Avila. Tracy has been home to a coworking space, located on Eleventh Street near its downtown area, for years. Larger cities, including San Francisco, also offer this sort of work solution. With more and more people dropping their 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. and starting their own business, coworking will be a part of the everyday routine. Huddle offers a space that is innovative and modern. They have a good cause that they are pushing towards, which is revitalizing Stockton. “Healthy cities have a healthy center of their community,” said Leek .“In a city of 300,000 people, usually your downtown is really where the heart of your city is.”

6 entertainment


L.H. Horton Gallery honors late professor Cheney

The L.H. Horton Gallery is honoring former Delta art professor of 35 years, Rowland Cheney. The gallery began exhibiting Cheney’s sculptures and paintings on Jan. 26 and they will remain on display until Feb. 11. A reception was held Jan. 28 to celebrate the art of our former professor. It was attended by former and current students, family and friends. The exhibit is a retrospective from the mind of Cheney. The pictures above feature various sculptures from Cheney’s collection and a painting titled “Kiger Mare.”


Beyond reasonable doubt exemplified by ‘Making A Murderer’ BY MIDORI MORITA

Whether you have Netflix or not, you’ve probably heard of a series called “Making A Murderer.” This 10-part documentary series follows the story of Steven Avery, who was wrongfully convicted of a crime in 1985 and spent 18 years in prison. Two years after he was released from prison in 2003, he is once again the main suspect in the disappearance of a young woman. This series is what half the nation has been obsessing over since it was added to Netflix’s library in December. Within a matter of days people were posting about it on Facebook, T-shirts and accessories were being sold on Etsy and thousands of people signed a petition to get Avery out of prison. The petition made it all the way to President Barack Obama, but since it’s not a federal case, Obama has no control over the situation. Then there were others who questioned the documentary. Arguments within the documentary have obvious effects on the opinion that Avery is innocent. Prosecutor, Kenny Kratz, accused the creators of the series of leaving out crucial evidence and purposely painting the image of Avery as innocent. Laura Ricciardi and Moira Demos, the documentary creators, shot back in an interview with Time Magazine and said the intention wasn’t to make it one sided. The duo contacted everyone they thought would have a good first hand account of the case. “We obviously had no control over who would agree to be in the documentary.




When Steven was still just an accused in the pretrial stage in the Halbach case, we reached out to Penny Beernsten, the victim in the 1985 case. She declined out of respect for the Halbachs, she said. We reached out to the Halbachs themselves. They declined. We reached out to Ken Kratz multiple times,” said Ricciardi in the interview with Time. Whether or not certain evidence was presented, the creators stated they didn’t particularly care about the outcome of the trial. This could also be a reason why several pieces of evidence were omitted. “We had no interest in whether or not Steven Avery was innocent. We were there simply to document the story and look at the Halbach case not in isolation but in the context of 30 years. What we were really looking at was the American criminal justice system and has there been any meaningful change since 1985 for this person,” said Ricciardi in the same interview. The creators succeeded. Thousands of people are now talking about the American justice system and question whether the system is moving in the right direction. On the other hand, the documentary makers have created quite a mess, and has caused people to go into a frenzy on whether or not Avery should be in prison, which wasn’t the original intent. Avery is still appealing his case. The American desire to know the ever after is being thwarted by the slow justice system. People have started a GoFundMe campaign to purchase the transcripts from the court case to read and analyze everything. Fan theories have popped up everywhere and people are still petitioning for his freedom.

Visual entertainment is evolving quickly. We no longer rely on cable for our entertainment. Streaming has been trending for quite some time now and isn’t planning to fade away. Recently, Netflix has gained more attention for its original content. Viewers have given rave reviews for “Orange Is the New Black” (OITNB) and “House of Cards,” giving Netflix the ability to add more content. Late last year, Aziz Ansari released a Netflix Original series titled “Master of None” and will soon release the long awaited “Fuller

House,” which is the continuation of the hit show “Full House.” Netflix is not just for series’ either. Just last week, talk show host Chelsea Handler released a documentary titled “Chelsea Does” in which she tackles topics such as drug use, marriage, racism and Silicon Valley. Netflix commercials for upcoming seasons of shows such as “OITNB” and “House of Cards” have begun to dominate social media. Pop culture is pulsing with references to Netflix content and the buzz is only going to keep growing.

RICHARD REYES, SPORTS EDITOR or (209) 954-5156 ISSUE 8 • FEB. 5, 2016 •

sports 7







Super Bowl XXV Jan. 27, 1991

Super Bowl XLII Feb. 3, 2008

Super Bowl XXXIV Jan. 30, 2000

Super Bowl XLIII Feb. 1, 2009

Super Bowl XXXIII Jan. 22, 1989

New York Giants 20 Buffalo Bills 19

New York Giants 17 New England Patriots 14

St. Louis Rams 23 Tennessee Titans 16

Pittsburg Steelers 27 Arizona Cardinals 23

San Francisco 49ers 20 Cincinatti Bengals 16

Watching this Super Bowl was hard, as the Giants ruined the 49ers’ chance to become the first franchise to win three straight titles two weeks earlier. Back-up quarterback Jeff Hostetler had to rally the Giants from a 12-3 deficit early in the second quarter. In a back and forth game, the Giants took the lead with just over two minutes left in regulation. The Bills got in position to try a game winning 47-yard field goal attempt with seven seconds left in regulation. Bills’ kicker Scott Norwood, hooked the kick wide right and became the most hated man in Buffalo, New York, while starting the Bills’ run of losing four straight Super Bowls.

The Giants were able to stop the Patriots from becoming the second undefeated team in NFL history, and becoming the first 19-0 team. Trailing 14-10 and facing third and six, Giants quarterback Eli Manning was able to escape the grasps of two defenders and heave a throw down the field. Unknown wide receiver David Tyree out-jumped Pro Bowl safety Rodney Harrison and pinned the ball to his helmet while Harrison desperately tried to knock the ball away. The catch set up Manning’s game winning throw to Plaxico Burress for a 13yard touchdown.

The Rams were on the way to being known as the “greatest show on turf ” due to the team’s explosive offense that could strike at any moment. Trailing 16-0 in the third quarter, Titans quarterback Steve McNair rallied his team to tie the game late in the fourth quarter. The Rams’ Kurt Warner connected for a 73-yard touchdown pass to Isaac Bruce with just 1:54 left in the game. Mcnair led one final drive, moving his team 10-yards away from the endzone. However, wide receiver Kevin Dyson was stopped by Rams’ Mike Jones one yard short of the tying touchdown on the final play of regulation.

In a game that was dominated by the Steelers through three quarters, the Cardinals trailed 20-7 before Arizona quarterback Kurt Warner would hook up with wide receiver Larry Fitzgerald for 61- and 64-yard touchdown receptions in a rally for a 23-20 lead. With just over two minutes left, Pittsburgh would drive 78 yards and finish the drive with a 6 yard touchdown pass from Ben Roethlisberger to Santonio Holmes. The win gave the Steelers its sixth NFL title (6-1 overall), surpassing the 49ers and Dallas Cowboys (5 each) for the most Super Bowl wins.

The 49ers and Bengals played a rematch from Super Bowl XVI (won by the 49ers). The Bengals were in prime position to claim revenge and the franchise’s first title after taking a three-point lead with 3:10 left in regulation. The 49ers drive started on the team’s own seven-yard line after a penalty. Joe Montana guided San Francisco down the field and was lucky not to have a bad pass picked off as a Bengals defender dropped a game ending interception. Montana would go on to make that drop haunt the Bengals by throwing the game winning touchdown to John Taylor, capping one of the greatest clutch drives in Super Bowl history.


Baseball understands importance of chemistry BY ANGEL GUERRERO

Delta College began last season with a 28game winning streak en route to a trip to the state championship. This was due in large part to a starting lineup of seven sophomore position players and a pitching rotation filled with experience and talent. The Mustangs ranked (No. 1 in Northern California and No. 16 in the nation) has a roster loaded with fresh faces in the form of 22 freshmen players that are all expected to contribute this year. “We’ve developed our chemistry,” said sophomore infielder Bryce Graddy. “There’s a lot of new guys and we’ve been together since the beginning of fall, since what, August something, so we’ve obviously grinded together and worked hard and that’s where we are right now.” Two freshmen, infielder Carlos Moseley and pitcher Alex Dentoni, have already been major contributors in the early part of the season. Moseley leads the team with six runs batted in and Dentoni threw five strikeouts in five scoreless innings on Jan. 29 against Monterey Peninsula (1-2). “We’ve been playing with each other since we were twelve and we went to the same high school so I’ve seen a lot of [Dentoni] and he’s gotten so much better since he’s been here,” Graddy said. “As you can see, he’s just going to be lights out this year.” Head coach Reed Peters, entering his ninth season at Delta, also recognizes the importance of leadership from his few returning players, such as Graddy.

[Graddy’s] the only returning starter from last year. He’s just a tremendous catalyst for us,” Peters said. “He had a big hit off the wall, kind of sparked energy in there. Played great defense for us. He’s a go to guy and a guy you want up there in crunch time.” Peters, having coached the Mustangs to backto-back state championship appearances in 2014 and 2015, knows a thing or two about positive relationships between team members and what it truly takes to succeed together. “Chemistry is pretty good. A lot of guys pulling for each other, rooting for each other, and we’re playing a lot of guys and nobody’s really out to hope other guys fail,” Peters said. “They’re all pulling behind each other, wanting to see other guys succeed. I’m real happy with the chemistry, so far.” This team chemistry was present early in the second game of the season as Delta defeated Monterey Peninsula 10-9 after trailing 9-6 in the eighth inning on Jan. 29. “It was a wild game. We went up early and then they fought back hard, a lot of free nineties we gave up and that led to their big eighth spot inning,” Graddy said. “We did a great job fighting back and the dugout stayed up and everyone had a lot of energy and that’s what led the comeback.” Graddy and the Mustangs will have an opportunity to build upon this momentum as they travel to Saratoga to play West Valley College on Feb. 6. “I love this team and I think it’s only going to get better,” said Graddy.

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CSU educators call for potential strike over raises BY RAMIZ HADDAD

Faculty and labor groups are teaming together for possible California State University (CSU) strike. On Jan. 16, the CSU faculty union presented a united front with a number of labor committees for a probable strike over salaries. The faculty union is calling for a five percent rectification raise as well as a 2.65 percent raise for the remaining 12,000 party members who receive a lower income within this year, according to an article in The Sacramento Bee published Jan. 30. The California Faculty Association (CFA), which speaks for close to 25,000 staff members, including professors, coaches and counselors, is still in a “factfinding” process, but the said strike is an option. “We want to be prepared to go on strike in case we get to the end of the statutory process without an agree-

ment,” according to a Q & A on the association’s website, “We want to be well-prepared to take whatever steps are necessary to fight for 5% and as SSI for eligible faculty.” A “Strike Vote” was taken at all 23 CSU campuses in Oct. 2015. The association said 94.4 percent voted “yes.” The faculty union contends the yearly wages aren’t properly adjusted to modern inflation and that campus employment rates have significantly plummeted. CFA reports the average salary for a faculty member to be $64,479 in 2014. An offer presented by CSU had an all-inclusive pay increase of two percent while rejecting the faculty union's proposal, according to the Jan. 30 Bee article. Justification was that implementing the faculty's pay suggestions would compromise up to one half of the $217 million gain dispersed by the state's financial plan. According to CFA, there has only ever been one strike on the CSU campuses – in Nov. 2011 at the

CSU, East Bay and CSU, Dominguez Hill campuses. Delta College faculty members are represented by the California Teachers Association. Delta CTA President Elizabeth Maloney indicated this potential strike “will not affect the Delta college campus since the union that may strike is not affiliated with the CTA.” Maloney said “CFA negotiations differ in comparison to that of a community college. Community colleges bargain on an individual level rather than an across the board method like CSUs.” Maloney said Delta faculty are currently in contract negotiations with the school. “Delta needs a competitive wage to sustain faculty members,” she said. “ … the faculty has not been handed down a lot of their cost of living allowance despite the district receiving it. We are asking for a salary increase.”

ELECTION: Campaigns are historic, entertaining

continued from PAGE 1

RESIDENTS’ WATER COMPLAINTS: A woman who identified herself as “Tamra” speaks concerns about Stockton’s water.


BROCKOVICH: Crowd brings questions continued from PAGE 1

“[Stockton] is like Flint” due to the chlorine burnouts required to cleanout the water from the chemical byproduct of chloramine use, and also the byproducts damage to the brass water main (which are 17% lead) in every pipe that have potential of leaching lead into peoples water, Bowcock said to the audience. Bowcock said his greatest fear is for pregnant woman. Brockovich encouraged the citizens to

take action: “Superman is not coming, it is going to be up to us to save ourselves.” The town hall ended with questions from the audience led by Silva. Silva had a question for Brockovich: “If the public decided we don’t want this, what is the next step?” After her response, Silva reassured those in attendance. “I represent the public. Period. What they feel, I feel,” he said.

ENROLLMENT: Delta faces low enrollment continued from PAGE 1

“It was irritating for the class to have been cancelled,” Christensen continued, “I needed the units to transfer, and I plan on transferring after this semester.” Fortunately, students such as Christensen whose class was canceled were able to join a different elective class, preventing them from losing any units for this semester. Although electives are the most affected, General-Ed classes including English 79, which is one of the top three most enrolled classes at Delta, has seen some cancellations. According to Wetstein, there were 65 sections of English 79 classes and

due to not enough students enrolling in them, 21 of those classes were canceled, leaving 44. “One of the reasons for this decline is that not as many students are graduating high school,” Wetstein continued. “Also, more universities are accepting students without having to go to a community college. So if students have the choice between a university and community college, they’ll likely choose a university.” Delta isn’t the only college having issues with enrollment. According to Interim Vice President for Student Services Lisa Cooper this a

attractive. He’s not willing to take any BS from anyone.” The number of candidates for the GOP nomination is larger than in the past. Passions run deep. “I don’t know if there is any other front runner for the republicans besides Donald Trump and that scares me … The republicans need to get their party together. They need to figure out what we stand for,” said Jessica La Frentz, Treasurer of the Politics and Law Club. Trump isn’t the only surprising front runner. Sanders has dominated the social media game. “I think a lot of what’s going on is on social media. Instead of the major corporate media outlets its stuff that’s happening on Facebook and Twitter

and … right now Bernie Sanders leads above everyone else as far as how much you hear about him on social media,” said Daniel Franco, Politics and Law club member. Returns for the Feb. 1 Iowa caucus had close numbers for Sanders and Clinton, with Clinton being declared victor by coin toss. “Eight months ago nobody would’ve thought that this 75-year-old man … who calls himself a socialist … could possibly win Iowa and New Hampshire … In many ways he is like Donald Trump, he doesn’t take any of the BS,” added Blank. Sanders’ popularity has been shocking for conservatives. “I’m surprised about Bernie’s supporters just

problem for cities that extends as far as Los Angeles and Oakland. If this problem isn’t fixed, it could create some bigger problems. “This could definitely have a budget impact on us,” said Wetstein. “We will lose our ability to get growth revenue. For example, if we have four percent more students, then we get four percent more revenue. But if this continues, there could be potential layoffs, especially for the part time faculty.” Wetstein continued to say this isn’t the situation yet, but part time faculty are being paid less for lack of sections. To keep this from becoming a bigger problem, Delta College is changing things up to try and get more students. “We have hired a marketing out-

because a lot of people in America are actually scared of socialists,” said La Frentz. In the 2014 midterms, about 20 percent of youth voters turned out. “Even though you feel like your vote doesn’t count, it does. Period,” added La Frentz. This election has been blasted through every media outlet possible. The question is: Should voters trust the media? “The public has tuned out the media and that’s why the debates are so important because people can hear the candidates and that’s why you have these huge poll ratings for the Republicans … because people want to hear these candidates and they have no use getting it second hand through the press,” said Blank.

reach director,” said Cooper. “We are also doing something called “Dual Enrollment,” and what we do is have faculty go to high schools in Stockton or Lodi and teach a college course to students who are interested.” The Delta College website home page has some changes, too. There’s a new button to click on that will help students enroll, step by step. Other questions can be answered with a click of the “Ask the Mustang” button. “We just want our students to feel welcomed,” Cooper said. “We’ve changed our hours so we could be more available. There are clubs for them to join and free tutoring for when they need it. We’re all about making our students successful.”

The Collegian -- Published Feb. 5, 2016  

Issue 8 of The Collegian, the student newspaper for the 2015-16 school year at San Joaquin Delta College in Stockton, Calif.

The Collegian -- Published Feb. 5, 2016  

Issue 8 of The Collegian, the student newspaper for the 2015-16 school year at San Joaquin Delta College in Stockton, Calif.