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ISSN 2050-6732 (Print) ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

Counter-IED Report Autumn 2015

A GLOBAL RESPONSE TO THE IED THREAT THE CHALLENGE OF PRESSURE PLATE IEDs (PPIEDs) AND ERW CONTAMINATION IN AFGHANISTAN COUNTERING THE IED THREAT WITH ADVANCED GROUND PENETRATING RADAR TECHNOLOGIES A MATTER PROMPTED BY PRINTED MATTER: THREAT NETWORKS & DIGITAL MAGAZINES

C-IED: THE NEXT DECADE THE IED AS A HOMELAND SECURITY RISK FACTOR EXPANDING THE C-IED NETWORK ENGAGEMENT LINE OF OPERATION: COMPREHENSIVE NETWORK ENGAGEMENT (CNE) UKRAINE

IEDs: INDIAN PEACE KEEPING FORCE EXPERIENCES IN SRI LANKA INCREASING THREAT OF IEDs:

PROGRAMME GLOBAL SHIELD TAKES ADDITIONAL STEPS TO ENSURE SECURITY OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN


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REPORT CONTRIBUTORS

Counter-IED Report Published by Delta Business Media Limited 3rd floor, 207 Regent Street London, W1B 3HH United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7193 2303 Fax: +44 (0) 20 3014 7659 info@deltabusinessmedia.com www.deltabusinessmedia.com www.counteriedreport.com

ISSN 2050-6732 (Print)

ISSN 2050-6740 (Online)

MEDIA PARTNERS

The opinions and views expressed in the editorial content in this report are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily represent the views of any organisation with which they may be associated. Material in advertisements and promotional features may be considered to represent the views of the advertisers and promoters. The views and opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily express the views of the publisher. While every care has been taken in the preparation of the report, the publisher is not responsible for such opinions and views or for any inaccuracies in the articles. Š 2015. The entire contents of this publication are protected by copyright. Full details are available from the publisher. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval systemor transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. counteriedreport.com

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CONTENTS

CONTENTS IFC QINETIQ NORTH AMERICA 5 ICOR TECHNOLOGY 7 ISRAEL AEROSPACE INDUSTRIES LTD – IAI 9

PEARSON ENGINEERING

10-11 TACTICAL ELECTRONICS 12

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

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ADVANCED BLAST & BALLISTIC SYSTEMS LTD - ABBS

14

PRIMETECH - A DIVISION OF FAE GROUP S.p.A.

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A GLOBAL RESPONSE TO THE IED THREAT By Robert Shaw, C-IED Advisor, Department of Peacekeeping Operations, UNMAS

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REFLECTIONS ON MINE WARFARE FROM A SOLDIER By Lt Col Matthew Whitchurch

21

EXPAL

22 THE CHALLENGE OF PRESSURE PLATE IEDs (PPIEDs) AND ERW CONTAMINATION IN AFGHANISTAN By Abdul Qudos Ziaee, operations R&D manager for Mine Action Coordination Center of Afghanistan (MACCA) 27

COUNTERING THE IED THREAT WITH ADVANCED GROUND PENETRATING RADAR TECHNOLOGIES By Juan Hernandez, Vice President of Business Development, Chemring Sensors and Electronic Systems

31 CHEMRING SENSORS AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS 32 4

EOD & C-IED 2015

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Autumn 2015


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CONTENTS

CONTENTS 33 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR TECHNICAL SURVEY IN MINE ACTION By Mikael Bold, Advisor on Mechanical and Animal Detection Systems, GICHD 38 PHYSICAL SECURITY AND STOCKPILE MANAGEMENT: LESSONS LEARNED FROM IVORY COAST By Goran Tomasevic & Mark Dickson, The HALO Trust 45

THISTLE POLYMER COMPOSITES

45

KIDEC 2016

46 EVOLVING OPEN SOURCE INTELLIGENCE METHODOLOGIES FOR IED TECHNICAL AND OPERATIONAL EXPLOITATION By Roger Davies, Pete Norton and Charles McMinn 51 A MATTER PROMPTED BY PRINTED MATTER: THREAT NETWORKS & DIGITAL MAGAZINES By Lieutenant Colonel Jose M Rufas, Allied Headquarters Joint Force Command Brunssum 59

ASIA PACIFIC HOMELAND SECURITY 2015

60 C-IED: THE NEXT DECADE By Capt Alan Kearney, Ordnance Corps technician, the Irish Defence Forces 66

MILIPOL PARIS 2015

67 THE IED AS A HOMELAND SECURITY RISK FACTOR By Ltc. Zsuzsanna Balogh, PhD., NATO HQ SACT 73 MANUAL NEUTRALISATION TECHNIQUES: THE IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING, EXPERIENCE AND EQUIPMENT By Martin Underwood, Defence and Public Security and Safety consultant 78

EUROSATORY 2016

79 EXPANDING THE COUNTER-IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (C-IED) NETWORK ENGAGEMENT LINE OF OPERATION: COMPREHENSIVE NETWORK ENGAGEMENT (CNE) UKRAINE By Victor R. Morris, a civilian contractor and instructor at the U.S. Army Europe’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC) in Germany 89 6

DEFENCE ACQUISITION AND TECHNOLOGY - CALL FOR PAPERS COUNTER-IED REPORT, Autumn 2015


Safe Ways All Ways

Mine & IED Detection System (MIDS) Finding a path through dangerous world • Multiple sensors • Metal detection array • GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) array • Data fusion for low FAR • User-defined resolution and tempo • Manned/unmanned platform • Day and night, all-weather operation

www.iai.co.il E-mail: mktg@iai.co.il


CONTENTS

CONTENTS 90

CBRNe SUMMIT 2015 – 2016

91 PREPARED FOR THE NEXT MISSION ABROAD? BLÜCHER’S FRAGMENT PROTECTIVE CLOTHING (FPC) SYSTEM

CLOSES THE GAP IN CURRENT PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)

By Katrin S. Freier, Product & Sales Manager, Material Science Body Amour

97 IEDs: INDIAN PEACE KEEPING FORCE EXPERIENCES IN SRI LANKA By Colonel H R Naidu Gade (Retd.) 104 C-IED TRAINING PROVIDED BY EUROPEAN UNION TRAINING MISSION (EUTM) MALI FOR MALIAN ARMED FORCES (MAF) By Sergeant Conor Kelleher, Communication Technician, the Irish Defence Forces 109 NCT CBRNe & eXPLOSIVE EUROPE 2016 110 INCREASING THREAT OF IEDs: PROGRAMME GLOBAL SHIELD TAKES ADDITIONAL STEPS TO ENSURE

SECURITY OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN

By Jeffrey T Wickett, Programme Manager for Programme Global Shield, World Customs Organization (WCO)

114 NCT 2016 EVENTS 115

GERMAN COUNTER-IED BOOKLET SERIES By LtCol Rainer Jung, C-IED Centre Bundeswehr Joint Forces Operations (BwJFOCOM)

118 GRADING GERASIMOV EVALUATING RUSSIAN NONLINEAR WAR THROUGH UNOFFICIAL

MODERN CHINESE DOCTRINE

By Victor R. Morris, a civilian contractor and instructor at the U.S. Army Europe’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center (JMRC) in Germany

IBC FUTURE FORCES FORUM 2016 OBC SCANNA MSC LTD 8

COUNTER-IED REPORT, Autumn 2015


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FOREWORD

FOREWORD By Rob Hyde-Bales, Consulting Editor, Counter-IED Report

D

uring the past few months the security situations in countries where the West has intervened militarily during the past decade - Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya have all continued to deteriorate significantly. August saw a major concerted Taliban IED campaign primarily in Kabul. Thus far this year the number of civilian casualties in the conflict has doubled compared to the same period in 2014. There is further detail on the parlous Afghan security situation in the article from the Mine Action Coordination Centre of Afghanistan (MACCA). In Iraq the so-called Islamic State (ISIS) has been regularly using Vehicle Borne IEDs (VBIEDs) on the battlefield. In May 2015 in an operation to capture Ramadi, it is assessed that ISIS used some 27 VBIEDs that proved very effective in demoralising and routing the defending Iraqi security forces. Libya remains violently dysfunctional and the ungoverned space in this benighted nation has been a major contributing factor to the large numbers of illegal immigrants attempting to enter Europe from Libya via the Mediterranean Sea. In the continuing global Counter-IED campaign the need for information sharing and accurate, reliable, timely and actionable information are self- evident. At an April 2015 UN Conference in Geneva to address the global problem of IEDs, the Counter-IED Report team gave a presentation that stressed the critical requirement to move from the Need to Know to the Need to Share as a key component of the Counter-IED campaign. In her wide ranging article on the IED as a Homeland Security Risk Factor, Lt Col Zsuzsanna Balogh of NATO HQ SACT highlights continuing C-IED efforts both on the US Homeland and within NATO. The US Department of Homeland Security campaign “ If you See Something, Say Something� is an excellent example of effective information gathering and sharing in the efforts 12 COUNTER-IED REPORT, Autumn 2015

against the IED that involve the general public. She also describes the NATO STANDEX Project that is designed for the stand- off detection of explosives. In his Reflections on Mine Warfare from a Soldier, Lt Col Matthew Whitchurch of the British Royal Engineers provides a thought provoking article based on his extensive operational experience, during which he regularly came into contact with both mines and IEDs. He points out that mines and IEDs will remain facts of conflict during both war and post-war, and that all soldiers must be trained to cope with them. He concludes by praising the UN Mine Action efforts with which he became familiar during his service. Mikael Bold of the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), in his article Information Management and Technology Development for Technical Survey in Mine Action, highlights the excellent work of GICHD across the globe to eliminate mines, cluster munitions and other ERW. He describes a project in which combining the skills of Mine Detection Dogs with new technology is providing new possibilities to more rapidly reduce large potentially contaminated areas, find direct evidence of explosive hazards and thus provide the starting point for mine clearance teams. Roger Davies, Pete Norton and Charles McMinn, who each has a wealth of intelligence and security experience, provide an excellent and highly topical article on Evolving Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Methodologies for IED Technical and Operational Exploitation. They demonstrate the growing emergence of OSINT as a key tool in countering the IED threat. Their combination of intelligently and critically exploiting social media, the news media and the internet for IED event detection and analysis is vividly described using the examples of previous IED incidents within their experience.


FOREWORD

Abdul Qudos Ziaee of MACCA provides a timely and sobering reminder of just how unstable the security situation remains in Afghanistan – notably in Helmand Province that was the scene of so much bitter fighting during the former ISAF mission. He points out that one of the main security problems facing the local population in their daily lives is contamination from sub-surface Pressure Plate IEDs (PPIEDs) and other ERW resulting from the former fighting between the Taliban and the Afghan security forces backed up by ISAF. Sadly the continuing adverse security situation prevents the survey and subsequent clearance of these contaminated areas, and as a result casualties within the local population and the demining fraternity continue to increase inexorably. Martin Underwood in his informative article on Manual IED Neutralisation Techniques points out that there are times when the manual rather than the remote disposal of IEDs may be necessary. Such operations demand highly skilled and experienced operators, first class training and state of the art equipment. He describes some of the equipment that is available today to operators undertaking this potentially hazardous activity. Victor R Morris of the USAREUR JMRC in Germany in a most interesting academic study, examines the current Russian Armed Forces’ so-called Gerasimov Doctrine through the prism of modern Chinese military doctrine on Unrestricted Warfare. The Gerasimov Doctrine was formulated by Colonel-General Valeriy Gerasimov, CGS Russian Armed Forces in 2013, in which he describes the strategies that would develop Russian nonlinear or unconventional warfare. Victor R Morris examines and evaluates the practical application of the Gerasimov Doctrine and grades it accordingly. These and other excellent articles constitute this edition of the Counter-IED Report. ■

Rob Hyde-Bales biography During his career in the UK Royal Engineers, Rob Hyde-Bales was responsible for landmine clearance in Libya and, more latterly, Afghanistan in the running of the first United Nations humanitarian landmine clearance training programme – Operation Salam. The programme trained Afghan male refugees in landmine clearance techniques, and Afghan women and children in mine awareness and avoidance training. More recently he set up the Caribbean Search Centre in Kingston, Jamaica. The Centre is designed to train security forces across the Caribbean in modern search techniques. After retiring from the army he joined Cranfield University at Shrivenham, near Oxford, and undertook a research project on behalf of the UK Ministry of Defence that examined ways to improve the sharing of IED threat information between the military and civilian organisations in hazardous areas. counteriedreport.com

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