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ISSUE 1 • 2016

The Powerhouse


The Star lights up the city of Frisco with Canada help Piling from BayIndustry Shore Systems

Challenging the Status Quo


LCI-Canada showcases lean design and construction


From Piles to Pucks Publications mail agreement #40934510

The construction of Edmonton’s Rogers Place


Excavation Support

Ground Improvement

Keller thrives on challenges and excels where others struggle. Backed by the largest and most comprehensive independent ground engineering specialist in the world and with full-service capabilities and over 30 years of local on-site experience, Keller Canada provides the largest variety of deep foundation piling, earth retention/shoring and ground improvement solutions in the country. Engage us early to experience the true benefits of value engineering. Lower your total install costs today. KellerCanada.com Acheson, AB, Corporate Office 2-53016 Hwy 60 T7X 5A7 P: (780) 960-6700 F: (780) 960-6725

Our Pipe Piling is Not a Commodity Product

Pipe pilings may look alike, but there’s a world of difference when it comes to finding the right supplier for your piling projects. We’ve applied all our value-added services to make pipe piling not a commodity product, cost effective and customer friendly. For starters: Our In-House Beveling will make your job easier and enhance your productivity. We can bevel pipe at 30º in our Decatur and Trinity, Alabama and Marseilles, Illinois divisions for splicing or plate attachment.

Our Rolling Schedule and Available Inventory is second to none in the industry. Our on-time delivery is proof of that. Independence Tube stocks A252 Pipe Piling from 6.625"OD through 16"OD in 30', 40', 50' and 60' lengths for immediate delivery. In addition to our 4 week rolling cycles, Independence Tube either has the stock to get your project started or a rolling is just weeks away.

Our Dynamic Quality System based on customer input and exceeding industry standards ensures that our pipe and tube products go through a complete inspection, measurement and testing regimen that complement our manufacturing systems and processes. This virtually guarantees consistency in quality, shorter delivery lead times and containment of costs.

Our Customer Secure Portal is continuously updated and allows customers 24/7 secure, real-time access to all their account information including: browse and search stock inventory, order from floor stock or rolling, submit and view inquires, release shipments, view price sheets, view open orders and Bills of lading, print test reports and invoices, search order history, and view rolling schedules.

All pipe piling may look alike, but there’s a world of difference when you choose Independence Tube.

Celebrating Over Forty Years of Quality Tube Products CH ICAGO, I L








D E C AT U R , A L






Every order, every time. Atlas Tube was founded in Harrow, Ontario, in 1984 with a focus on high-quality service and manufacturing excellence. Today, we’ve grown to become Canada’s largest manufacturer of straight-seam ERW pipe piling, but our dedication to meeting your needs remains the same. Our small-mill approach to service is backed by big-mill resources. And because Atlas Tube pipe piles are produced to meet or exceed ASTM A500, A252 and CSA G40.21 specifications, and are available in sizes up to 20" OD and lengths to 125', it’s easy to fulfill your exact project specifications — even on short notice.

When you have a tight deadline, Atlas Tube can deliver. Call 800.265.6912 or visit atlastube.com/stronger

1-877-539-9222 info@northstar-inc.com www.northstar-inc.com

Congratulations to Valard Construction on another successful project – HRTD

TheMICRO. choiceANCHORS. is yours. DRIVEN. HELICAL. CONCRETE. Northstar provides piling services includingIS design, supply, and fabricating across THE CHOICE YOURS.

Western Canada with track and truck mounted piling units for both driven and helical piles. Northstar also offers pile installation with its unique patented Exca-Drivers OFFERING OUR PILING, ENGINEERING, & BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION (excavator Mounted Pile Driver).


In this issue Piling Industry News 8

Challenging the Status Quo

Safe Passage – ECA drilling rigs a perfect fit for viaduct replacement 14 Piling Industry Canada


From Piles to Pucks

The construction of Edmonton’s Rogers Place 22

LCI-Canada showcases lean design and construction 36

Who’s at Fault? Collisions and traffic infractions on the job 38

One Hardhat at a Time

Published by DEL Communications Inc. Suite 300, 6 Roslyn Road Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada R3L 0G5 President & CEO: David Langstaff Publisher: Jason Stefanik Managing Editor: Carly Peters carlypeters@mts.net Sales Manager: Dayna Oulion dayna@delcommunications.com Advertising Account Executives: Jennifer Hebert Michelle Raike

The Powerhouse

Themagazine Star lights up the city of Frisco

Helmets to Hardhats Canada is helping to fill the labour gap 40

with help from Bay Shore Systems 24

Reading Between the Boreholes

Land and Sea

Creating value using the observational method 45

Art Director/Design: Kathy Cable

Triple Threat

Advertising Art: Dana Jensen, Sheri Kidd

Pacific Pile & Marine completes test piling at Port of Seattle 28

Liebherr showcases three innovative products at Bauma 2016 48

Index to advertisers American Piledriving Equipment........................41

Hercules Machinery Corporation.........................33

Pile Drivers Local Union 2404..............................20

Arntzen Corporation............................................38

Independence Tube Corporation............................3

Platinum Grover International Inc.......................21


JMC Steel Group / Atlas Tube.................................4

Roll Form Group...................................................15

Bay Shore Systems, Inc.........................11, 30 & 31

Keller Canada......................................................IFC

RST Instruments Ltd.............................................37

Bermingham Foundation Solutions......................9

Liebherr Canada Ltd............................................IBC

RWH Engineering Inc...........................................13

Canadian Pile Driving Equipment Inc............6, OFC


Skyline Steel.....................................................7, 17

ECA Canada.................................................26 & 27

MAXA Rockdrills Ltd......................................50

Soilmec North America.......................................35

Fraser River Pile & Dredge (GP) Inc.....................44

Northstar Inc..........................................................5

Tadano Mantis.....................................................43

Geokon, Incorporated..........................................39

Pengo Corporation...............................................42

Westco Drilling & Piles Ltd..................................47

Hammer & Steel, Inc......................................... OBC

Pile Dynamics, Inc................................................12

Production services provided by: S.G. Bennett Marketing Services www.sgbennett.com

© Copyright 2016. DEL Communications Inc. All rights reserved.The contents of this pub­lica­tion may not be reproduced by any means, in whole or in part, without prior written consent of the publisher. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained herein and the reliability of the source, the publisher­in no way guarantees nor warrants the information and is not responsible for errors, omissions or statements made by advertisers. Opinions and recommendations made by contributors or advertisers are not necessarily those of the publisher, its directors, officers or employees. Publications mail agreement #40934510 Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: DEL Communications Inc. Suite 300, 6 Roslyn Road Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3L 0G5 Email: david@delcommunications.com Printed in Canada 06/2016

Cover is a PM23LC 3801-53 Avenue Lacombe, AB T4L 2L6 bruce@canadianpile.com www.canadianpile.com 6 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Let our experienced service department stand behind your company’s success.

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Š 2016 Skyline Steel, LLC. Skyline Steel is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Nucor Corporation, the largest producer of steel in the United States.

Piling Industry News

Recent developments in SPT Energy measurements Pile Dynamics recently released a redesigned system for SPT hammer calibration. Both the hardware of the SPT Analyzer and the software used for analysis and reporting of Standard Penetration Tests (SPT) energy measurements have been completely revamped. Standard Penetration Tests are a widely used geotechnical investigation tool that involves drilling an exploratory boring into the soil, driving a sampler into the bore hole and recording, among other things, the number of hammer blows required for it to travel a certain penetration – the N value. The sampler is connected to the bottom of a drill rod, and may be driven by a variety of SPT hammers, each of which with a different efficiency. This variability may cause the same soil to behave very differently depending on the equipment used for the test. Project specifications therefore often require that N be normalized based on the energy transferred by the hammer to the sampler. Both the European Code EN ISO 22476-3 and the North American standard ASTM D4633 state that the only acceptable method of determining this energy is by force and velocity measurements. In the United States, State Departments of Transportation typically require that the equipment used to perform Standard Penetration Tests be periodically ‘’calibrated” in this fashion. The SPT Analyzer system includes a main unit (pictured) that processes strain and acceleration measurements obtained during the test itself. The measurements are acquired by attaching a rod section specially instrumented with two strain gage bridges and two Pile Dynamics-brand accelerometers (collectively referred as sensors) to the SPT drill string. Once the hammer hits the drill string, the SPT Analyzer processes the strain and acceleration measurements, which respectively yield the force and velocity necessary for the calculation of transferred energy. In the newest release of the SPT Analyzer, Smart Sensor technology allows the program to ‘’read” the rod instrumentation, so that sensor calibration and rod cross sectional area are input automatically to the SPT Analyzer. This simplifies the initial test setup considerably. This latest model of SPT Analyzer also responds to multi touch gestures and has numerous colour schemes available, making things like adjusting

time scale or display to better view data in the field much simpler than previously. A preprogrammed set of output quantities tailored to SPT calibration is presented to the user, who can, however, modify it to fit a particular project need. Data quality checks are available. The SPT Software, which processes the force and velocity data obtained during the test, has been completely rewritten: it is now completely customizable, and creates detailed reports quickly and easily. “It could reduce the time to produce a report by half, when compared with the previous version,” says Ryan Allin, senior engineer with Pile Dynamics. The Pile Driving Analyzer® (PDA) system PDA-8G, also manufactured by Pile Dynamics, may also be used for SPT Energy calibration by adding on the SPT Software to the PDA software suite. In addition to the SPT Analyzer and the PDA, Pile Dynamics produces several other quality assurance and quality control products for the deep foundations industry. The company is located in Cleveland, Ohio and has commercial representatives in all continents. For more information visit www.pile.com/pdi.

In the newest release of the SPT Analyzer, Smart Sensor technology allows the program to ‘’read” the rod instrumentation, so that sensor calibration and rod cross sectional area are input automatically to the SPT Analyzer. This simplifies the initial test setup considerably. 8 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Taking the

LEAD in over 40 countries around the world Lead Systems Impact Hammers Reverse Circulation Drills Custom Foundation Equipment Site Support Project Planning Contracting Services Canada’s most experienced and innovative deep foundation contractor - Since 1897

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Piling Industry News

Soilmec and CES announce new partner in Eastern Canada We’re pleased to announce that Champion Equipment Sales has retained Equipment Sales & Service Limited (ESS) to serve as agents for Soilmec, Leffer GmbH, TEI and Champion Equipment Company in Eastern Canada. Specifically, ESS will be responsible for sales and service of these product lines throughout Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland & Labrador.

This collaborative effort between Champion Equipment Sales and ESS will help meet the growing ground engineering and foundation construction demands throughout Canada. ESS, headquartered in Toronto and led by President Morgan Cronin, has been a leading equipment supplier in Canada for more than 70 years. Experienced sales personnel Drew Paton and Jeff Calow will be your ESS contacts for sales, service,

and support of the full Soilmec line of drilling rigs, cranes, and ancillary equipment. Contact Drew at (416) 249-8141 or Jeff at (647) 532-1416. All other regions of Canada will continue to be served by Champion Equipment Sales, LLC sales manager, Steve Wilson, at (801) 288-8919.

GRL Engineers turns 40 Analyzer® system and CAPWAP® software,

complished with a line of APPLEs modular

over the course of these 40 years GRL added

impact devices that allow selecting the most

many other services to its offerings, notably

adequate weight for the capacity each test in-

Thermal Integrity Profiling and Cross-Hole

tends to proof, either by HSDT or following

Sonic Logging of drilled shafts, Pulse Echo

standards for Rapid Load Testing of Deep

Pile Integrity Testing, GRLWEAP Wave


Equation Analysis of Piles, Static Load Tests and more. GRL Engineers, Inc. is proudly celebrating 40 years of serving the deep foundations industry. It was founded in March 1976 to provide the innovative service of testing piles by the High Strain Dynamic Pile Testing method.

GRL outstanding engineers are truly ‘’the Foundation Testing Experts,” and are more

GRL’s 10 regional offices serve the entire

than willing to share their expertise. When

U.S., and some international locations. They

they are not testing foundations, they present

now perform High Strain Dynamic Testing

at conferences, collaborate with universities,

both not only on site but also remotely, an

write journal papers or manuals of industry

option which saves travel time and money,

practice, are active in committees of various

and not only on driven piles, but also on

professional associations, and support col-

The company, which started with just three

drilled shafts and augered cast-in-place piles.

leagues all over the world with advice, data

engineers, now has 34 and counting.

On that front, a notable GRL development is

analysis reviews, training sessions and work-

Even though a considerable percentage of

the ability to test the capacity of foundations


GRL projects still involves High Strain Dy-

varying in size from small helical and micro

namic Testing (HSDT) with the Pile Driving

piles to very large drilled shafts. This is ac-

For more information visit www.GRLengineers.com

Directory Listing Corrections: Supplier & Manufacturer American Piledriving Equipment Inc. Contact: Colin Grindle 9004B Yellowhead Trail Edmonton, Alberta T5B 1G2 T: (780) 474-9888 TF: (855) 328-9888 E: coling@apevibro.com www.apevibro.com

10 PIC Magazine • June 2016

American Piledriving Equipment Inc. Contact: Paul Kuzik 401 Hartle Street Sayreville, New Jersey 08872 T: (732) 432-6604 TF: (888) 217-7524 F: (732) 432-6608 E: paulk@apevibro.com www.apevibro.com

American Piledriving Equipment Inc. Contact: Larry Mulanax 7032 South 196th Street Kent, Washington 98032 T: (253) 872-0141 TF: (800) 248-8498 F: (253) 872-8710 E: larrym@apevibro.com www.apevibro.com

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Piling Industry News

Atlas Copco’s Intelligent Compaction System, Dyn@Lyzer, gives contractors real-time material stiffness readings Atlas Copco’s easy-to-use intelligent compaction system gives contractors real-time material stiffness readings to ensure superior soil and asphalt compaction. This maximizes operator productivity, which saves contractors significant time and money. And, its touch screen capability makes the system user friendly and convenient. Atlas Copco featured its Dyn@Lyzer intelligent compaction system on the CC6200 asphalt roller March 22-24 at booth 2828 during World of Asphalt in Nashville, Tennessee. Dyn@Lyzer uses a global navigation satellite system, such as GPS, to track the number of completed passes and the precise position

Pile Driving Analyzer ® PDA model 8G - Trust, Period. The best system for Dynamic Load Testing of any type of deep foundation got sleeker, faster and more powerful. On site or remotely with High resolution touchscreen with gesture controls like swiping and pinch-to-zoom. Improved wireless data transfer rates and 16 universal channels of wireless data acquisition. Completely redesigned PDA Software Suite.


Foundation capacity by Case Method or iCAP® in real time.

With CAPWAP® for reliable total capacity, resistance distribution and simulated static load test.

info@pile.com +1 216-831-6131 www.pile.com/pda

12 PIC Magazine • June 2016

of the roller at all times. The unit’s drum-mounted accelerometer

paction system helps contractors detect any loose materials so they

measures the surface’s relative readings to give operators immediate

can perform additional passes to reach the right compaction. This

material stiffness results from within the cab and help minimize the

minimizes the risk of production related quality defects, which are

number of passes. When using Dyn@Lyzer on asphalt the system

time consuming and costly to remediate.

uses two temperature sensors, one at each end of the roller, to register

Contractors can use the intuitive system on a tablet to set project

the surface temperature of the asphalt, giving operators consistent,

parameters and view compaction data. Once they achieve the opti-

relative stiffness readings. In addition, Atlas Copco’s intelligent com-

mal level of compaction, the program alerts the operator, so he or she can stop and reduce the risk of over compaction, which can affect the integrity of the material and damage the roller. The data storage also means contractors have the results readily available to print off or display for Federal Highway Department inspections. Dyn@Lyzer is available on Atlas Copco CC2200 through CC6200 asphalt rollers and CA2500 through CA6500 soil rollers. For additional

group of design, approach edge and ombining rom past

convenience, contractors can get free on-site training from an Atlas Copco representative or dealer. l

Canada Wide Engineering Help Line 1.855.FDN.SUST (1.855.336.7878) CONSTRUCTION SERVICES


Constructability Review

Design Build Services

Precision Survey Monitoring

Feasibility Analysis

Earth Retention Systems

Load/Integrity Testing

Material Assessment

Deep Foundations

Vibration Monitoring

Pre/Post Construction Survey

Pile Cap/Slab on Grade

Geotechnical Monitoring

Quality Control Supervision

Shallow Foundations

Railway Monitoring

Site Optimization

Grade Beams

Automated Monitoring

Finite Element Modeling Geotechnical Analysis


Design-Build Contractors Structural Engineers Industrial Owners LOWER FOOTPRINT, LOWER COST Minimize project materials and foundation costs while maintaining a high level of service OFFICES: TORONTO 519.740.6222 | CALGARY 403.235.9922


TEAMWORK | INNOVATION | SERVICE | SUSTAINABILITY Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 13

A BAUER BG 18 H Rotary Drilling Rig sits wedged between an earthen embankment, a shotcrete-covered bridge abutment, a maze of rusty steel trestles, and the underside of a historic railroad viaduct in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania on a glacial January morning. The rig, working in a low overhead configuration, was supported by a BAUER BG 20 H, both of which prime contractor Walsh Construction of Chicago rented from the nearby Aldan, Pennsylvania office of Equipment Corporation of America (ECA).

Rebuilding a historic viaduct This high-profile $89.9-million South­ eastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) project requires the complete replacement of the 925-foot-long, 100-foot-high Crum Creek Viaduct. The structure Walsh is replacing, built in 1895, underwent repairs in 1983, but was in dire need of replacement to safely carry SEPTA’s passengers on the Media/Elwyn commuter rail line. The original bridge on this site was a pre-Civil War era, five-span timber arch truss bridge on masonry piers. It was owned by the Philadelphia, Baltimore & Washington Railroad (PW&B RR) and later acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad. Walsh began construction on the substructure in summer 2015 and is working aggressively toward an etched in stone deadline of summer 2017. Despite the variety of construction processes involved, drilling the foundations for new footings, piers, and abutments was the key to the project.

Safe Passage

ECA Drilling Rigs a Perfect Fit for Viaduct Replacement By Brian M. Fraley, Fraley AEC Solutions, LLC

14 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Above: A BAUER GB 18 H works in standard configuration as a commuter train travels across the Crum Creek Viaduct. One of SEPTA’s key concerns was ensuring that its customers could continue to pass safely across the existing viaduct during construction.



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No ordinary site conditions, no ordinary drilling rigs Walsh and ECA began discussing the project in March 2015 at The International Foundations Congress & Equipment Exposition (IFCEE). ECA’s Aldan Branch Manager Tim Dutton and Engineering Sales Manager Gordian Ulrich walked the site in April with Walsh Superintendent Richie Vance to determine which drilling rigs would work best on this challenging site. It was ultimately determined that Walsh would rent the BG 18 H and BG 20 H Premium Line Drilling Rigs because they were light enough to navigate rough terrain with adequate hydraulic output to core through hard rock of up to 25,000 psi. The low headroom capability of the BG 18 H was determined to be optimal for drilling in work areas with height restrictions. ECA delivered both drilling rigs in June 2015. The BG 20 H, part of the Aldan location’s existing rental fleet, worked on site through Christmas. ECA coordinated manufacturing and delivery of the BG 18 H with BAUER Maschinen and imported the rig from Schrobenhausen, Germany. Its unique ability to work in both low overhead and standard configuration kept the BG 18 H on site until February 2016. ECA brought in an operator from BAUER to assist with training, but all on-site service and reconfiguration of the BG 18 H was handled by its own technicians in Aldan. These Premium Line rigs offer some additional benefits over BAUER’s Value Line that were ideally suited for the Crum Creek Viaduct project. The main difference between the two is that the Premium Line features a crowd cable system with a winch as opposed to the crowd cylinder system on the Value Line. The Premium Line rigs, as a result, deliver more crowd force. They also comply with the latest Tier 4 emission standards, and are heavier machines with greater hydraulic output.

The BAUER BG 18 H Rotary Drilling Rig works in low overhead configuration to install drilled shafts near the Crum Creek Viaduct west abutment with limited overhead clearance. Walsh rented the BG 18 H and BG 20 H from Equipment Corporation of America to install eight 20- to 58-foot-deep, 36-inchdiameter drilled shafts at each pier and 12 at each abutment.

Foundation work sets the pace Walsh is tasked with building a new viaduct beneath the original structure before demolition can commence. The keystone of the project is foundation work for the sub16 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Site Geologist Bill Bradfield of Schnabel Engineering measures the depth of a recently drilled shaft beneath the viaduct.





Wall Weight

Section Modulus

Moment of Inertia








NZ 19








NZ 20








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NZ 26








NZ 28








As a premier steel foundation supplier now offering NZ sheets in addition to our extensive product line, Skyline Steel is the ideal partner for your next project.

Visit www.skylinesteel.com/nz or call 888.450.4330. © 2016 Skyline Steel, LLC. Skyline Steel is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Nucor Corporation, the largest producer of steel in the United States.

structure, which includes two abutments and four sets of piers. Walsh used the BG 18 H and BG 20 H Drilling Rigs to install eight 20to 58-foot-deep, 36-inch-diameter drilled shafts at each pier and 12 at each abutment. Vance indicated in January 2016 that drilling was a week and a half behind schedule primarily due to unexpectedly hard rock and environmental permitting delays, but he was confident that Walsh would be back on track shortly. Despite the unforeseen challenges, Vance was satisfied with the drilling production rate. “Drilling is make or break,” he says, as a SEPTA railcar rattles across the viaduct behind him. “Depending on how that goes, it’s almost how the whole job goes.”

Soil conditions? It’s complicated Project Geologist Bill Bradfield of Schnabel Engineering’s West Chester, Pennsylvania office describes the Crum Creek site as “interesting.” “We ran the full gamut of drilling conditions within the span of this bridge,” he says, noting that metamorphic rock in this region can be highly variable over short distances. The site contained primarily Schist, but production was hampered when crews hit Amphibolite. This extremely hard metamorphic rock was prevalent near the western abutment and the Crum Creek channel. Bradfield recalls watching production drastically improving from as little as two feet per day with an auger to a foot an hour using the BAUER roller bit core barrel, which is recognized as a respectable rate of production in hard rock. Walsh initially tried a cluster drill but had no luck keeping the tool straight. The switch to roller bit core barrels also quieted drilling chatter and reduced the strain on the drilling rigs.

Roller bit core barrel keeps production rolling Dutton confirms Bradfield’s observations, noting the production increase was mainly due to the switch from conventional tooling to the BAUER roller bit core barrel. “With conventional tools they were getting two to three feet per day,” he recalls, pointing to an extracted four-foot Amphibolite core. 18 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Walsh Construction is replacing the 925-foot-long, 100-foot-high Crum Creek Viaduct in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania.

“When the roller bit core barrel was running

One of Walsh’s main challenges, how-

in optimal conditions they were getting a

ever, was drilling foundations in hard rock

foot an hour in some really hard rock.”

beneath the viaduct with limited headroom

Conventional drilling tools could not

near the east and west abutments. Watching

stand alone on this site, according to Dut-

the BG 18 H drilling below the farthest west-

ton. “This is the beast here that did a lot of

ern span of the viaduct, makes it clear why

the hard rock drilling,” he says, pointing to a

its unique low headroom capabilities were

BAUER roller bit core barrel. Walsh initially

essential. The rattling tip of the mast is within

considered down-the-hole and hammer

mere inches of the steel girders. The BG 18 H

drills, but ultimately decided the core barrel was the right tool for the job. Walsh purchased 10 tools from ECA, including primarily 36-inch augers, core barrels, drilling buckets, and roller bit core barrels. There were a few 42-inch tools for overburden areas where the rock was not immediately below the surface.

Site access, low overhead, steep slopes, and vibration monitoring The topography surrounding the viaduct

worked in standard configuration from late June through early October and was then reconfigured to low headroom. Vance says the height restricted areas were more severe than expected because the viaduct elevations Walsh was initially given did not account for drilling nuances. He indicates that maneuvers such as putting the drilling rig in crowd force, or pulling up a full bucket can require up to eight inches of additional overhead space.

is complicated by steep inclines, wetlands,

One of SEPTA’s key concerns was ensur-

the meandering Crum Creek, and a nar-

ing that its commuter trains could continue

row, snake-like access road, all encapsulated

to pass safely across the existing viaduct dur-

within a densely wooded area that happens

ing construction. Every pier and tower on

to be a designated arboretum. This challeng-

the viaduct has a sensor to monitor for vi-

ing terrain dictated not only the selection of

bration. There are also four inclinometers in

rigs, but also the site preparation.

each slope to measure movement.

• • • • • • • •


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ECA designed and fabricated a custom casing drive adapter to facilitate the drilling of overburden. It reduced costs and eliminated wasted material by allowing Walsh to easily remove and install casings during the drilling process.

a lot of the casings out as we drilled shafts so we saved a lot,” he says.

Bridging the gap between utility and aesthetics Walsh has demonstrated considerable environmental sensitivity throughout the project because of active involvement by neighbouring Swarthmore College. Although SEPTA had the right-of-way available for the viaduct, it negotiated with the college to use a necessary adjacent piece of land instead of using Eminent Domain. In addition to ob-

Custom casing drive adapter reduces waste and cost

the soil from the cab of the rig. “We fabricated that at the Aldan shop,”

ECA designed and fabricated a custom

he says, as the casing descends into the soil.

casing drive adapter for Walsh to facilitate

“You need something to transfer the torque

overburden drilling. Dutton watches as the

against, so Walsh cut those j-shaped notches

operator of the BG 18 lowers the mast, in-

in the top of the casing.”

serts the adapter into J-shaped notches in the

Vance says this innovation reduced costs

casing, and begins to seamlessly drill it into

and eliminated wasted material. “We pulled

taining permitting from multiple agencies, the contractor will have to rebuild wetlands, replace up to 6,000 trees and shrubs, and reconstruct a Stonehenge-esque circular formation of Wissahickon Schist slabs dubbed “Crumhenge” by locals. SEPTA will shut down service for roughly 10 weeks during summer 2016 to allow Walsh to install new girders, bridge deck, and catenary towers. Rail cars will travel over

Pile Drivers, Divers, Bridge, Dock and Wharf Builders Local Union 2404

the new viaduct by Labor Day 2016. Walsh

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and local residents admire the towering

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will relish their role in providing safe passage

20 PIC Magazine • June 2016

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will conclude the project by summer 2017 with demolition of the existing structure, removal of the access road, and restoration of the site to original condition. As SEPTA passengers, college students, modern viaduct that has replaced the rusty, outdated structure that once straddled this area of natural beauty, the critical foundation work performed by two drilling rigs with custom tooling will remain unknown. The folks at Walsh, ECA, and BAUER however for mass transit passengers and improving the aesthetics of a critical piece of infrastructure. l


From Piles to Pucks The construction of Edmonton’s Rogers Place With just 30 National Hockey League (NHL) arenas in North America, the opportunity to build an NHL-worthy rink from the piles up is a rare and unique opportunity that few in the construction industry will have the chance to experience. Built in 1974, Edmonton, Alberta’s Rexall Place was one of the league’s oldest arenas and well past its prime. So it’s with great anticipation that the city has been watching the creation of its new multiuse arena since spring 2014. With the finishing touches being added to Rogers Place, the future home of the NHL’s Edmonton Oilers, we take a look at the structure’s impressive construction below ground. With a square footage of 819,200, a height of 43 metres, and an expected weight of over 8,000 tonnes, the structural elements of Rogers Place must be as sturdy as an NHL defenseman. Indeed, 700 piles were used in building the arena; typically cast-in-place concrete end bearing piles with belled ends, explains Jodi Tauber, the City of Edmonton’s communications officer for Rogers Place. There were two nominal depths at which the piles are founded. One bearing level is at an approximate elevation of 657 metres; the second bearing level at approximately 645 metres. For reference, the nominal elevation of the arena’s below ground parkade is 663 22 PIC Magazine • June 2016

metres and the majority of the event level is at 667 metres. Three full-scale pile load tests were done early in the design phase. “The intent of these tests was to obtain actual capacities of the soil at the proposed end bearing depths. Two tests were done at elevation 645 metres, and one test was done at elevation 657 metres. The results of the load tests confirmed that the theoretical bearing capacity of the soil was correct at each bearing level. In addition, by conducting the pile load tests, we were able to increase the design material resistance factor for the soil from 0.4 to 0.6,” says Tauber. This resulted in a 50 per cent increase in the design capacity of the end-bearing piles, which was critical for the piles on the project supporting the largest loads. This increased capacity also allowed the remaining piles to be smaller in size. The self-weight of the structure, along with applicable live loads in the building are accounted for when determining the total factored load on the piles. The size and bearing depth of the piles are selected to resist the total factored dead and live loads on them. “Although this building had a large number of piles, and some of the design loads were very large, in our opinion the design

By Lea Currie

of the building’s foundation system was relatively straight forward,” says Tauber. “Individual column loads were supported on individual piles; no pile groups were required.” However, one interesting aspect of the building was that lateral loads on the steel superstructure above grade were transferred through the event level slab, which acted as a diaphragm, to discrete shear walls in the parkade. The loads in these shear walls were then resisted by supporting piles. Above ground, the multi-use arena is piled high with seats waiting to be filled – 18,647 to be precise, including 9,000 seats in the lower bowl, 4,100 club seats, 56 suites, 24 mini-suites, and 1,116 loge seats around tables. The typical food and drink outlets, shops, and a restaurant will occupy space in the concourse to ensure Edmonton’s hockey fans have the sustenance to cheer on their home team. Rogers Place will also boast the largest, true high-definition scoreboard in any NHL arena, measuring 46 feet wide, 46 feet deep, and 36 feet high. All of this comes with the hefty price tag of $483.5 million. The City of Edmonton is contributing $225 million, including $145 million from a community revitalization levy program and $80 million from parking revenues and re-allocation of a subsidy

to the old arena, says Tauber. The Edmonton Arena Corporate (wholly owned by the Katz Group) is contributing an additional $132.5 million, while the remainder of the cost will come from a ticket surcharge. The entire process has taken over two years with completion finally coming to an end this summer. Set to open in September 2016, the public will have the chance to see the finished product at an open house on September 10, with other major events to follow, including a Keith Urban concert, and of course, the Edmonton Oilers’ first game of the 2016-17 hockey season. After a lengthy construction, the longawaited opening of Rogers Place can’t come soon enough for the people of Edmonton. Rogers Place will be a strong, formidable home for their Oilers, and an iconic sight on the Edmonton skyline that will stand tall for

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years to come. l Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 23

The Powerhouse

Drilled shafts at the Star of Frisco 91-acre site.

TR150 drilling one of the 30-degree, 42-inch battered shafts.

The $5 Billion Mile gets a little help from Bay Shore By Colleen Biondi


The Star in Frisco is part of “The $5 Billion Mile,” one of the

The retaining wall part of the project, the most challeng-

most expensive miles in real estate in the United States, that

ing, called for putting (185) 42-inch x 30 feet drilled shafts at

covers more than 549 acres of mixed-use development with

a 30-degree­angle.

$5.4 billion in investment, located approximately 25 miles from Dallas, Texas.

Most drilled piers are vertical holes (straight up and down/ plumb) and gravity is relied upon to pull numerous kelly ele-

When Jim Ireland, area sales manager for Bay Shore Sys-

ments down the hole during drilling. Most drilling machines

tems, a foundation equipment manufacturer founded in 1978,

are designed with this in mind. These rigs can tolerate a small

received a call from Jay Lee of Scott Powerline, a full-service

degree of angle (or batter) but at some point of lean, gravity

equipment distributor located in Louisiana, about an intrigu-

will no longer pull the kelly elements down and they start to

ing foundation design that would require a unique drilling

hang up due to friction rendering the depth capability of the

challenge the project had, he jumped at the opportunity. Bay

multi-element rig useless. Any rig can tilt out and away from

Shore is known for building and designing custom drills for

itself but very few drilling machines have the capability to drill

any situation.

at this steep of an angle essentially drilling shafts back under-

When completed, The Star of Frisco will spread over 91

neath the rig.

acres of land and house the corporate headquarters of the

In addition to the angle, the location of these shafts was an

Dallas Cowboys, their practice facilities, and a 12,000-seat

issue. They would be up against a 30-degree slope which rose

publicly-owned event centre slated to be open August 2016. It

up to a future roadway that was 30 feet from the ground, thus

would also house an Omni-branded hotel, a sports medicine

making the drilling requirements that much more meticulous

facility, and 1.7 million square feet of office, residential, and

and finely tuned.

retail space. This unique enterprise is estimated to cost up to $1 billion. 24 PIC Magazine • June 2016

But Bay Shore is attracted to these types of “peculiar foundation holes” and thought they could come up with a solution.

In addition to the angle, the location of these shafts was an issue. They would be up against a 30-degree slope which rose up to a future roadway that was 30 feet from the ground, thus making the drilling requirements that much more meticulous and finely tuned. Drilling these holes would require a rig that had a full mast

tractor wanted two machines to drill the holes and wanted four to

length crowd stroke because of the angle. Ireland knew several TR

five holes drilled per day. But Bay Shore and McKinney Drilling

series rigs could do the job since they were designed with this in

exceeded those expectations drilling up to 10 holes a day with only

mind, including the TR150. The TR150 was originally designed by

a single machine. “Son of a gun, the TR150 worked really well,”

Bay Shore to drill up to 14-foot diameter holes, 60-feet in depth

says Ireland. “That was a feather in our cap. We blew them away.”

with a 16-foot crowd stroke for the powerline industry. This makes the TR series of rigs particularly conducive to angling work. However, “being conducive to” is a tad short of a guarantee. So, Ireland called Jerry Campbell, Scott Powerline’s Fleet Manager in

That is not to say it was a simple job. Foundational elements, multiple revisions to foundation work drawings, unseen rock or a water table interfering with the ground work or inclement weather all could have delayed the job.

McDonough, Georgia, who had a TR150 on his property and said

But in the end, the general contractor, McKinney Drilling, and

to him, “Take the rig out into your yard, lean the mast out at 30

Mother Nature pulled together to pull off the tight time frame on

degrees, drop the kelly bars and tell me what happens.”

the project.

Surprisingly enough, the bars did come out of the rig at that

And the biggest reward for Bay Shore Systems? It is the under-

angle, and since the rig also had a 16-foot long crowd stroke, Ire-

standing that the TR150 has the capability to work on unusual

land and Scott Powerline met with McKinney Drilling, the drilling

projects, do so efficiently, and is dependable. Indeed, with low

subcontractor on The Star of Frisco, and convinced them on the

overhead clearance, transportability, and 150,000 foot-pounds of

capabilities of the TR150-60.

hydraulic drilling torque, the TR150 is a profitable rig that gets the

There was a tight time frame on the job. In fact, the general con-

Getting final inspection on one of the 30-degree, 42-inch battered shafts.

job done, says Ireland. “The machine is a powerhouse.” l

TR150 drilling one of the 30-degree, 42-inch battered shafts.

There was a tight time frame on the job. In fact, the general contractor wanted two machines to drill the holes and wanted four to five holes drilled per day. But Bay Shore and McKinney Drilling exceeded those expectations drilling up to 10 holes a day with only a single machine. Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 25


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Pacific Pile & Marine completes test piling at Port of Seattle By Michael Schwartz Terminal 5 at the Port of Seattle is now closed as the result of a multi-year redesign. During this period of non-activity, Terminal 5 will be modernized with an expected completion of 2019. The purpose of the modernization is to seismically upgrade the terminal and increase overall capacity to attract larger vessels to the region and grow annual seaport container volume to more than 3.5 million Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit, or TEU. Currently, the Port can offload cargo ships of up to 6,000 TEU. After the modernization efforts, that capacity will increase to 18,000 TEU. The terminal’s redevelopment reflects the need for heavier cranes and deeper drafts to accommodate trans-Pacific mega-ships. Piling work for the test pile is valued at $2.37 million, but may ultimately save millions on the future project with an estimated budget of $230 million. The piling contractor at Terminal 5 is Pacific Pile & Marine (PPM). Nikolay Kuzmanov, one of PPM’s project engineers, set 28 PIC Magazine • June 2016

the scene for Piling Industry Canada, “Ter-

structures they support are a core business

minal 5 is permanently closed for cargo ac-

function of the organization. PPM has one of

tivities. The gantry cranes have exceeded their

the top safety ratings in the industry made

working life and a plan for their removal is on-

possible by a highly-skilled workforce com-

going. The dock, however, is not closed, and

mitted to top-down quality and safety.

short-term use is permitted. Today, only the specialized Shell Arctic oil exploration fleet is mooring there. The Terminal will reopen in 2018-2019 after its full modernization, including structural improvements [piles, pile beams, dock apron, paving], infrastructural improvement [sewer, power, water], berth deepening, new toe wall, new crane rails, new gantry cranes, and new fender system.”

Pacific Pile & Marine

Preliminary works The initial test programme for Terminal 5 took place along the Duwamish Waterway in preparation for the larger Terminal 5 berth modernization project. Testing will provide more accurate information for the planned upgrades. Under the test pile programme, 15 offshore and landside concrete and steel piles were installed, dynamically tested, and in

PPM is a privately held heavy civil marine

most cases consequently removed along the

contractor based in Seattle, Washington,

edge of the Terminal 5 wharf. The Port of Se-

serving the western United States, Canada,

attle supplied six of the offshore concrete test

and Mexico. While PPM specializes in proj-

piles and nine of the landside steel pipe piles

ects with complicated logistics, environmen-

(the latter have not been removed). The piles

tal constraints, and/or fast-paced schedules,

range in length from 34.44 metres to 54.25

driven and driven foundation pile and the



Land v Sea

Tools of the trade

Environmental aspects

statnamic pile testing, reaching a major mile-

As Nikolay Kuzmanov points out, “The Port of Seattle has chosen to use driven piles because they are ideally suited for marine construction applications, notably in that they are environmentally friendly, with no spoils for removal and without the need for disposal of potentially hazardous materials. Nor is there any requirement for special casing, or concrete, and curing time. After driving, the construction can proceed immediately. Large-diameter driven piles are best to resist seismic forces in highly seismic regions as the greater Seattle area is.” The test pile programme consisted of six 600 millimetre concrete octagonal in-water piles, as well as eight 700 millimetre and one 600 millimetre steel upland piles. PPM remains active in the local market and looks forward to future opportunities to assist the Port in its pursuit of improving aging infrastructure to be increasingly competitive in the global market-place. Meanwhile, its test piling project is a good step in the right di-

stone on the project.

rection towards that aim. l

Pacific Pile and Marine summarized the various types of equipment used in the course of their test programme including, steel pile driving equipment - 600 millimetre and 700 millimetre piles up to 57.91 metres length upland; APE Model 250 VM vibratory hammer; APE Model 600 vibratory hammer; ICE Model I-62 diesel impact hammer; Delmag Model D180 diesel impact hammer – impact and restrikes; concrete pile driving equipment – 600 millimetre octagonal concrete piles up to 54.25 metres length in water; J&M Model 220 hydraulic impact hammer; and APE Model D-100 diesel impact hammer. One interesting aspect of the piling process was the use of rapid load testing (nine in total) together with typical pile driving analyzer testing of driven piles. At the time of writing, the test pile programme had completed all the scheduled


The Port of Seattle supplied six of the offshore concrete test piles and nine of the landside steel pipe piles (the latter have not been removed). The piles range in length from 34.44 metres to 54.25 metres. Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 29

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Challenging the Status Quo LCI-Canada showcases lean design and construction By Melanie Franner Canada’s piling industry may soon be changing the way it approaches a project thanks to the creation of the Lean Construction Institute Canada (LCI-Canada). The not-for-profit organization officially began in June 2015, and has already won over many in the construction industry with its focus on adding value and eliminating waste in design and construction projects – not to mention saving money in the process. “Our lean journey actually began in September 2008 in Seattle at a meeting with LCI in the U.S. when a commitment was made to establish a Canadian entity,” states Ken Smith, council member, LCI-Canada. “It’s taken a long time to gain momentum and build interest but we’re well on our way today.” To help get LCI-Canada off the ground, the organization turned to the Canadian Construction Association (CCA). The CCA offers both a national reach and an established non-profit industry organization – two factors that have been instrumental in helping launch LCI-Canada. This allows LCI-Canada volunteers to focus on promoting “Lean Thinking” in the design and construction industry while operating as a special committee under CCA’s umbrella organization, with access to administrative support and a non-profit entity.

Building better Lean methodology has been around since the 1990s, with LCICanada harkening back to the “Toyota Way” manufacturing process. It’s all about collaboration and working together to create better value through the elimination of waste. “The time for lean methodology in Canada is long overdue,” states Kathleen Lausman, council co-chair, LCI-Canada. “Quite frankly, the Canadian construction industry has been going through years of frustration, not just from the owners having their projects take longer but also with the higher costs and general discontent around almost every project. No one is having fun anymore. It’s become a legal battlefield. Everyone is determined that there is a better way – and that better way needs to start now.” According to Lausman, the construction industry is unique in that there has been no increase in productivity over the last 20 years. “Every other industry has made two to three per cent improvements per year,” she says, adding research on lean design and construction has proven that it delivers results. Lausman cites data from McGraw Hill Construction 2013 in which the use of lean principles, methodologies, and tools resulted in improved safety, greater customer satisfaction, higher quality construction, reduced project schedules, greater productivity, and greater profitability. 34 PIC Magazine • June 2016

“Lean design and construction isn’t all about reducing costs,” states Smith. “It’s about improving quality, adding value, and eliminating waste. Project cost is reduced as a result of the process, not as a goal.” Lean design and construction identifies a minimum of eight waste streams (transport, inventory, motion, waiting, over production, over processing, defects and skills), in construction projects. “There is about 50 per cent of waste in every construction project,” adds Smith. “Approximately 25 per cent of that is unavoidable. That means that 25 per cent – or one quarter – is avoidable.”

Piling proficiency Lean design and construction is a project-delivery method relevant to all sectors of the construction industry – from the owners to the architects to the contractors to the trades and supply chains. It is also of prime importance to the piling industry. One simple lean fundamental is continuous improvement. Everyone benefits from that. Lean is about breaking down traditional industry silos to gain knowledge and expertise from the right person at the right time. “Some of the biggest risks in construction are around foundation systems,” explains Lausman. “If we don’t have insight from that particular trade or if we don’t have access to their knowledge and expertise, we’re going to end up with a lot of waste. Piling is a critical part of the project in that so much more value can be added by having the piling people participate in the lean journey. Bringing the piling contractor to the design table for difficult or variable soils conditions brings the right person at the right time to share experience and expertise.” Smith cites the example of a recent project in Regina where the knowledge of a local piling contractor ended up improving quality, constructability, design simplification, reducing installation time, and, as a result of the innovation, reducing costs that would not have been available without the piling trade input. “We engaged the entire project team on the project – the structural engineers, the piling trade partner and the soil consultant – to talk about the project even while the soil conditions were still being investigated,” he says. “The piling trade partner suggested a piling rig not locally available that had a greater depth capability. That enabled the use of piles with deeper drilling capability and smaller diameter sizes, reaching greater bearing capacities at depth, resulting in a simpler and more economical foundation installation. The greater bearing capacities were confirmed by deep-test drilling once the deeper piling rig was known to the project team. We couldn’t have done it without having everyone at the table working together, adding the right person with additional expertise and experience at the right time.”

New paradigm Although the benefits of lean design and construction have been proven over and over again, the new way of thinking is not without some challenges. “I think cultural change is probably at the core of slowing its adoption,” says Lausman. “I think that the mindset is still very much a competitive one. The frustration that has grown in the industry among all parties has led to an adversarial position – and to dwindling profits. It’s the perfect time for change.” And LCI-Canada is poised to nurture that change with its mandate to create awareness of lean design and construction, to offer education and training, and to share knowledge among all sectors of the industry. “I think there is a historic lack of trust in the construction industry,” says Smith. “Lean design and construction is a cultural and transformational change. You can’t just tweak the way we do our business to improve quality to the customer, improve schedules and as a result of the process reduce costs. You have to challenge the status quo. You have to turn things inside out and upside down. It’s all about collaboration and changing the way you work together.” The good news, according to Lausman, is that the construction industry has already recognized the fact that dramatic change is nec-

essary in order to grow the industry and increase productivity and profitability. The only question, it would seem, is the direction of the path to get there. “My experience has shown that construction contractors tend to be early adopters,” concludes Lausman. “Most designers and owners tend to be more hesitant. But most construction associations have already begun outreach programs across the different sectors. It may not necessarily be lean design and construction but they at least recognize the need for change and the benefits of a team approach. The fact is that some associations are already working on getting their members to work together with owners and designers to facilitate change and improve the industry. That’s definitely a step in the right direction.” l


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Smith cites another Saskatchewan example of lean design and construction in the 87-acute care Cypress Regional Hospital in Swift Current. The local piling expert brought onboard was so familiar with the variable soil conditions that one of the first questions he asked was whether the new hospital was going to be located on the north or south side of the street. That type of knowledge proved invaluable on the project. “That piling trade partner suggested bringing in the Continuous Flight piling auger that was first used in the Edmonton area,” says Smith. “This European technology was new to the Canadian market and had never been used in Saskatchewan.” The early conversations between the piling trade partner and the project team have since made the use this type of piling a lot more common in the Saskatchewan market. “We achieved $1 million in savings on that project just by innovating and collaborating with the piling trade partner through lean design and construction,” adds Smith.


Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 35

Who’s at Fault? Collisions and traffic infractions on the job By Lea Currie Driving in general is risky business, but with the road conditions sometimes associated with construction and job sites, your employees – and consequently your company – face even more hazards each and every day crews are out on the road. There are a host of potential risks, from accidents due to poor visibility and potentially deadly collisions with passenger vehicles, to regular driving concerns, such as speeding tickets and red-light cameras. However, the question over who exactly holds that risk – financially and legally – can be confusing, making a difficult situation worse. While companies naturally want to ensure the safety of their employees on the job, they must also protect their own interests. Benjamin R. Hecht, managing partner at Pitblado LLP in Winnipeg, Manitoba, who specializes in labour and employment law, sheds some light on where exactly liability falls.

the vehicle and not the vehicle itself. Therefore, it matters not if the

Traffic offences

offences incurred while operating a company vehicle.

First off, rest assured as companies are generally not liable for traffic offences their employees may incur on the job. When it comes to a collision, “for insurance purposes, or charges under The Highway Traffic Act or Criminal Code, in most instances, the driver is the one ‘at fault’ (if the driver is in fact determined at fault by the insurer),” says Hecht. All accidents attach to the driver, not the company, as corporations, of course, can’t actually drive a vehicle. Employers can breathe another sigh of relief as the same rules generally apply to speeding tickets or other traffic infractions, such as distracted driving. “Traffic offences normally attach to the driver of

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the penalty or offence is the driver’s conduct, not the company’s,” says Hecht. However, the introduction of red-light cameras has presented new issues for employers. Typically, a red-light camera ticket for speeding or running a red light would be issued to the registered owner of the vehicle, who is liable regardless of who was driving. That means that in a situation where an employee is driving a company vehicle, whether it’s a passenger car or a truck, the employer is often the one stuck holding the bill. To protect itself, Hecht recommends that the company transfer the legal responsibility to the driver through a written agreement or employment contract, which outlines the driver’s responsibility for any “In general, a signed employment contract is the best protection,” says Hecht. “If the employer chooses not to use an employment contract, a policy can be effective, provided it is: in writing; distributed to all employees; consistently applied to all employees; clear in its terms. And it is recommended that there be proof that the employee received the policy and agreed to be bound by its terms.” With many vehicles or pieces of equipment on the road, numerous employees and shift work hours, employers must plan ahead so they can determine exactly who was driving at the time of the ticket. On a regular basis, employers should fully document vehicle usage, including which employee is using which vehicle, the license plate number, and the time in and out. “If the employer is unable to ascertain which particular employee was driving at the time of the ticket, then the employer is liable to pay the fine,” says Hecht.

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Even knowing who the driver at fault is, collecting the fine from him or her can come with its own issues. Employers cannot simply deduct a fine from an employee’s paycheque. If an employee did not provide authorization, and an employer deducts the fine from the employee’s pay, the company could be in violation of employment legislation, Hecht explains. Therefore, provisions regarding deductions of fines should be addressed in the same written contract.

Civil actions The case of civil actions (a lawsuit by a private individual) comes with a completely different set of implications. Hecht explains that, “generally, an employer is vicariously liable for the negligent or tortious acts of an employee if the acts are committed in the course of employment.” Basically, this means that if an employee is in a collision that results in the death or injury of another person, both the employee and the employer can be held liable, and can be sued by the injured person or their family. The basis of liability in this type of situation depends on: the existence of an employment relationship (i.e. an employer-employee relationship; independent contractor relationships may be different), whether the action occurred in the course of employment; and if the employee was performing a job duty, whether directly or indirectly required by a service contract. As with many legal issues, there are many “ifs” and “buts.” For example, if an employee performs an act outside of the scope of employment, even with the permission of the employer, the liability strictly falls to the employee. But, if an employee performs an act within the scope of employment, but against the orders of the employer, and it results in the injury or death of another person, the employer is liable. However, if the employee strays so far that he or she is doing something not in the course of employment, but contrary to it, the employer is not liable.

While all the ins and outs are complicated, and there are many instances where a company could be found to be liable. Hecht explains that an employer has, “a right to seek indemnification from a negligent employee so long as the employer was not contributorily negligent.” In layman’s terms, that means an employer can protect themselves by ensuring that the employee takes responsibility for the cost of all possible future damage, loss, or injury. To break that down even further, to protect themselves, employers should have a written agreement, signed by employees, that says the company is not at fault for an employee’s actions on the job. To protect your company, Hecht also recommends owners take a few additional steps: • ensure employees are properly licensed and trained • have ongoing education sessions/seminars • reward safe driving practises and behaviour Also, while there are no legal requirements that require employers to provide employees with such devices as Bluetooth technology or hands-free devices in a company vehicle, Hecht says it would be a best practise for an employer to help staff perform their duties safely, while bolstering the safety of the company itself. And of course, when in doubt, owners and company executives are encouraged to seek the advice of a lawyer. As with any legal issue, there are many risks, and you should clearly understand all legal ramifications, preferably before there is an issue. l

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Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 37

Executive Director Greg Matte (right) with two H2H placement directors at the CBTU conference May 2015.

One Hardhat at a Time Helmets to Hardhats Canada is helping to fill the labour gap By Melanie Franner No matter what part of the construction or trades sector you’re in skilled labour currently and in the future is a concern. That’s part of the reason behind the formation of an innovative, not-for-profit organization called Helmets to Hardhats Canada (H2H). Founded in Canada in 2011, H2H is designed to assist anyone who has served or is currently serving in the Regular or Reserve Force components of the Canadian Forces for a construction job in civilian life. The program offers the required apprenticeship training to achieve journeyperson status in any of the applicable 60 trades within the building and construction industry. H2H is modelled after its U.S. counterpart, which was founded in 2003 by Canadian Joe Maloney, an Ontariobased boilermaker who was on assignGreg Matte (left) with one of the program’s successful veterans, carpenter apprentice Michele LoCiercero, LiUNA Local 183. 38 PIC Magazine • June 2016

ment in Washington, D.C. at the time.

“Vets typically come with tremendous skills that aren’t directly transferable to civilian life. But they have qualities and skills that make them very well

gave the program both credibility and a national presence.” Today, Matte is joined by three other full-time individuals and one part-timer.

suited for jobs within the construction industry.”

The program’s current funding is provided largely through various Canadian Building

“Mr. Maloney was tasked with getting the original program up and running in America,” says Greg Matte, executive director of H2H Canada. “He subsequently returned to Canada and, over the next three

to four years, went across the country and tried to generate interest among potential stakeholders. One of these stakeholders was the federal government, which provided a $150,000 grant from Veteran’s Affairs and

Trades Unions, along with corporate and private donations. “Regardless of whether a vet has served in the military for three years or 35, that individual has learned a lot about himself, about how to listen to orders, to be innovative and how to work in in a team,” says Matte. “Vets typically come with tremendous skills that aren’t directly transferable to civilian life. But they have qualities and skills that make them very well suited for jobs within the construction industry. Our program is designed to help them attain





their apprenticeship training in a trade of their choice so that they can transition into civilian careers.”

By the Numbers Currently, there are 5,000 vets registered Bottom View

Bottom View

Bottom View

Bottom View

Soil Abrasion: High

Soil Abrasion: High

Soil Abrasion: High

Soil Abrasion: High

with H2H. “Typically, only 10 per cent of them at any one time are actively involved in finding a career in the trades,” says Matte.


gravel; basalt, very hard silts and clay, weathered laminated rock


fracturable rock; caliche, coarse gravel and cobbles; frozen soil


fracturable rock

Cutting Profile

fracturable rock; caliche,

gravel and 6 coarse cobbles; frozen soil

fracturable rock


non-fracturable rock

non-fracturable rock; granite, basalt, massive limestone

Cutting Profile


fracturable rock; caliche, coarse gravel and cobbles; frozen soil


fracturable rock; caliche, coarse gravel and cobbles; frozen soil


fracturable rock

fracturable rock; caliche,

gravel and 6 coarse cobbles; frozen soil

fracturable rock


non-fracturable rock

“Of that 10 per cent, we’re successful 75 to 80 per cent of the time. When the vets are

non-fracturable rock; granite, basalt, massive limestone

motivated to do this, they’re successful al-

Cutting Profile

Matte (an ex-fighter pilot) and his team

Cutting Profile

most every time.” are all ex-military. Their job is to work with


the vets to provide a very personalized and customized service. Although the program itself is primarily web-based, the web serves as more of a way to offer individuals a richer understanding of the program. “The first step after someone has registered is for us to contact them via email,

ONE HOLDER. THREE TEETH! Non-Rotating Radial Non-Rotating Wedge Strata® Rotating Conical

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telephone, or in person,” says Matte. “We


get the person’s military service number,

800-599-0211 712-845-2540

individual to set up a time to begin the next

verify and review it, and then contact the process of gaining a better understanding of what the person has to offer and what his interests are.” The individuals registered in the program have 60 trades from which to choose so there is often a lot of interaction to get

40 PIC Magazine • June 2016



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“We’re always looking to grow the program,” notes Matte. “But at the same time, we don’t want to see our vets get into a precarious position. We ensure that our vets will be treated with respect and will have access to great wages and benefits.” them to narrow their focus. Once a decision

Matte. “More often than not, there are three

is made, the team at H2H connects the in-

things that happen coincidently. One, they

dividuals with the right person – be it some-

feel honoured to be involved with veterans

body at a trade union or a corporation.

who have served our country. Two, they

“We’re placing about 150 to 200 vets a year,” adds Matte. According to Matte, some 85 per cent of these vets are from the army. “The only thing I can correlate that to is the fact that the army is a bit different,” he says. “It creates top-notch, fit, and hardworking vets with a tremendous skill set. But a lot of those skills, like driving a tank, aren’t necessarily transferable to civilian life.” Of course, the program wouldn’t work

have been having a hard time finding good and stable employees. And three, although the vet’s skills may not be recognized in the civilian world, they are good skills nonetheless. For many employers, it’s like finding a diamond in the rough. You just need to buff it a bit to get it to shine.” Of course, H2H does its own homework on the companies themselves. “We’re always looking to grow the pro-

Building Success To date, H2H has helped a variety of veterans, young and old. “We have young 20 year olds who have served in Afghanistan, who have done their three years and are ready to move on,” says Matte. “We also have older vets that are in their 50s. Our oldest vet is a 56 year old from Charlottetown.” The average, adds Matte, is someone in his 30s. But regardless of age, it’s the continued success of the program that counts. “We are very well established and have a

gram,” notes Matte. “But at the same time,

solid reputation,” concludes Matte. “We’re

construction companies that has signed on

we don’t want to see our vets get into a pre-

here to best serve our people in uniform,

with H2H.

carious position. We ensure that our vets

and we’re fortunate to have the construction

will be treated with respect and will have

unions and industry behind us to make sure

access to great wages and benefits.”

that we can do just that.” l

without the stable supply of unions and

“The companies I have been working with are ‘over the moon’ to be involved,” says

Fraser River Pile & Dredge (GP) Inc.

As Canada’s largest Marine Construction, Land Foundations and Dredging contractor, FRPD is a recognized leader that employs state of the art methods and equipment. FRPD’s versatile fleet is ready to complete all scope and size Marine Construction, Environmental Remediation, Dredging and Land Foundation projects. Established in 1911 as Fraser River Pile Driving Company and incorporated in 2008 as Fraser River Pile & Dredge (GP) Inc., FRPD’s team of highly skilled professionals brings more than 100 years of experience and commitment to exceeding expectations. 1830 River Drive, New Westminster, B.C. V3M 2A8 Phone: 604-522-7971 (24/7) www.frpd.com info@frpd.com

42 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Reading Between the Boreholes Creating value using the observational method

By Demitri Koutsoukis, monitoring manager, RWH Engineering Inc.

Geotechnical engineering is often said to

provides deep foundation, shoring, and

RWH uses continuous monitoring and per-

be more of an art than a science. Since the

below-grade structural design services. The

formance evaluation to confirm the suit-

true composition of a soil body remains

RWH advantage stems from our practical

ability of assumed soil parameters used in

largely unknown until excavation, geo-

knowledge of construction processes and

the design. As excavation progresses, the

technical reports can often be subject to

our approach to executing our designs.

soil’s active pressure is mobilized behind

interpretation. The presence of unknowns

“By establishing a close relationship with

the shoring wall, initializing the structural

makes it uncommon to push the boundar-

the contracting team, we are able to capture

resistance, and inducing deflection into the

ies when evaluating soil parameters. This

valuable information regarding the perfor-

system. To evaluate performance, RWH

often results in over-designed, below-grade

mance of our shoring system and proac-

monitors all design-build shoring systems

structures to guard against the risk of un-

tively solve on-site issues, reducing the risk

both visually and with precision monitoring

expected soil performance. Contrary to this

of cost overruns and schedule delays for our

techniques. A high level of on-site quality

conservative practice, RWH Engineering

clients,” says Jason Weck, P.Eng., president

control and inspection complimented with

Inc. (RWH) uses a unique observational ap-

of RWH Engineering Inc.

the implementation of comprehensive pre-

proach to produce lean designs by verifying

Construction projects can often be car-

cision monitoring programs allows RWH

soil parameters with empirical testing and

ried out in silos, with minimal communica-

to evaluate our designs for unexpected

continuous monitoring. This allows RWH

tion between the engineering and contract-

performance. By employing this approach,

to provide owners and contractors with

ing teams. RWH maintains a close partner-

RWH is able to provide cost effective de-

industry-leading shoring and foundation

ship with the contractor by incorporating

signs while reducing the risk of executing


a practical observational approach that

projects in challenging and unknown soil conditions.

Operating from a set of core values con-

requires constant feedback and communi-

sisting of teamwork, innovation, service,

cation between both parties. This design

At the Brookfield Place project in Cal-

and sustainability has allowed RWH to con-

approach has proven to be beneficial to all

gary, Alberta, precision monitoring was vi-

tribute to some of the most innovative shor-

project stakeholders, adding value through-

tal to confirming the stability of the shoring

ing and foundation solutions in Canada.

out the project lifecycle.

system. The challenging geology of down-

With offices in Ontario and Alberta, RWH

The observational method applied by

town Calgary necessitated a design-build Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 43

solution and rigorous quality control to successfully complete the project. As excavation progressed, the release of locked-in rock stresses and the presence of a shearband produced a global shift of the rock extending beyond the project site. The use of inclinometer and extensometer monitoring allowed RWH to observe the movement and verify the stability of the project site. RWH continually reviewed the monitoring results against the movements predicted through numerical modelling to confirm the shoring movements were within acceptable limits. Further to this, at various excavation stages the monitoring data was inputted into the models to verify the design parameters and predict more representative future shoring movements. Classifying the type of movement seen in the North wall inclinometer (Figure 1) as a block movement was critical to verifying the stability of surrounding infrastructure. The monitoring and predictive modelling of the shoring allowed RWH to proactively assess and communicate the results of the movement to project stakeholders, reducing concerns regarding the stability of the shoring system, and helping keep the project on schedule. In addition to monitoring, RWH uses empirical testing to verify design assumptions and drive innovation. Geotechnical design and construction is unique because it provides the opportunity to prove the adequacy of structural elements through testing. Elements can be proof tested or load tested to their ultimate limit state to verify the soil parameters used at the design stage. RWH provides testing services on various shoring and foundation elements including strand and bar tieback anchors, micropiles, helical piers, and caissons through Osterberg Cell and Dynamic Load (PDA) testing. Verification testing of geostructural elements is a critical step to building confidence in below-grade design and construction. RWH routinely applies limit states design to use less conservative soil parameters. This allows for an increased factored 44 PIC Magazine • June 2016

In addition to monitoring, RWH uses empirical testing to verify design assumptions and drive innovation. Geotechnical design and construction is unique because it provides the opportunity to prove the adequacy of structural elements through testing. ultimate geotechnical resistance allowing for more efficient designs.

ing in a better developed tender package.

ers benefit from reduced schedule deviation

RWH’s design-build approach with in-

and improved risk management. At RWH

RWH also has the ability to work with

tegrated testing and monitoring programs

we believe our team based approach to

structural engineers at the tender design

has been proven to generate improvements

problem solving and commitment to ser-

stage to help owners deliver more complete

across the value chain of a project. Intro-

vice allows us to provide unmatched value

bid packages. Applying a design methodol-

ducing RWH at the design stage benefits

and industry-leading solutions to shoring

ogy supported by testing reduces the risk of

the contractor through improved construc-

and deep foundation challenges. l

costly re-designs and change orders, result-

tability and lower project costs while own-



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Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 45

Triple Threat Liebherr showcases three innovative products at Bauma 2016 At Bauma 2016, Liebherr emphasized its function as full-service provider for deep foundation applications with the trade fair premiere of its piling and drilling rig LRB 355 and its duty cycle crawler crane HS 8130 HD. Furthermore, the popular LB 36 rotary drilling rig was displayed in Munich with Kelly drilling equipment. All three deep foundation machines have already successfully proven their efficiency on jobsites throughout the world. For repeated work cycles in deep foundation applications fuel efficiency is of particular importance. As an option, Liebherr offers its innovative automatic engine stop function. Thanks to this system the Liebherr deep foundation machines automatically cut off the power supply during longer work interruptions after having checked certain system functions. This saves fuel and reduces the impact on the environment. Thanks to the Eco-Silent Mode the engine speed can be lowered to a predefined required level resulting in a significant decrease in diesel consumption and noise emission without any negative effects on operational output. Fitted with diesel engines of the new generation, the three Bauma exhibits work with lowered engine speed. This results in a further reduction of fuel consumption and an increase in efficiency. For the HS 8130 HD duty cycle crawler crane the hydraulic system was optimized and so the machine achieves a higher material handling capacity than its predecessor despite lower engine power.

Multi-function machine LRB 355 The robust undercarriage of the new piling and drilling rig LRB 355, with the longest tracks in its class, guarantees a high level of stability. Thanks to the parallel kinematics the machine has a large operating area. Another aspect relates to the direct mounting of all winches on the leader. On the one hand, this allows for a direct view from the operator’s cab to the main winch and, on the other hand, ensures that the ropes do not move during leader adjustment. The optional elevating working platform of the LRB 355 enables safe and easy access to the attachments. Additionally, it facilitates the assembly of tools, as well as maintenance work at the jobsite. 3D computer graphic of Liebherr duty cycle crawler crane HS 8130 HD with casing oscillator.

The LRB 355 is available in two different configurations with a maximum height of 33.5 metres and a maximum weight of approximately 100 tons without attachments. The rig is driven by a powerful V12 diesel engine offering 600 kW (option: 750 kW), which complies with the European emission standards, stage IV, and the US Tier 4 final. Further major advantages of the new piling and drilling rig are its fast mobilization and easy transportation. The rig can be transported with the leader and multi sledge attached to the machine. In order to minimize the transportation length to a mere 22.6 metres the leader can be folded. In addition, no tools are required for folding the leader and mounting the counterweight. The LRB 355 has been specially designed for drilling with full displacement tool and achieves a torque of 450 kNm in this application. The rig can, however, be used for numerous other applications including drilling with Kelly equipment, double rotary head and continuous flight auger, soil mixing, as well as piling jobs with vibrator and hydraulic hammer.

46 PIC Magazine • June 2016

Versatility as trump card for tough job site tasks: HS 8130 HD duty cycle crawler crane The Liebherr duty cycle crawler crane, type HS 8130 HD, can be used for various deep foundation applications, as well as for the typical material handling tasks of a duty cycle crawler crane. These include working with slurry wall grab up to 35 tonnes and casing oscillator up to three metres, material loading with grab or dragline bucket, dynamic soil compaction, as well as various dredging applications.When developing the 130-tonne duty cycle crawler crane Liebherr paid special attention to the robust design of the steel fabrication, the optimization of performance and safety as well as to easy and quick transportation and fast set-up of the machine. The HS 8130 HD can be transported with the railings, catwalks and pedestals fully assembled on the upper carriage. This accelerates the mobilization of the crane on the jobsite. Further features that facilitate the mobilization are the self-assembly system for crawlers and counterweight as well as the telescopic jack-up system. Additionally, the HS 8130 HD can be easily transported thanks to the low transport weight of only 50 tonnes and to the maximum transport width of the basic machine at 3.5 metres.

LB 36: well tried and tested rotary drilling rig With the LB 36 Liebherr also displays a well-established rotary drilling rig at Bauma 2016. This rig is fitted with the BAT rotary drive, which was first presented three years ago, and offers a torque of 410 kNm and can be individually configured depending on the type of application. The main advantages of the hydraulic drive manufactured by Liebherr are automated torque adjustment, continuous speed optimization and four electronically adjustable speed ranges. Further assets of this rotary drive are its simple structure, its low maintenance requirements and, above all, its exceptional efficiency. The LB 36 weighs 115 tonnes and has been designed for drilling diameters of up to three metres and drilling depths of maximum 88 metres. The powerful Kelly winch with 40 tonne line pull and the rope crowd system with 40 tonne pull force offer a significant technical advantage. This provides the operator with maximum performance and reliability even with the most difficult soils and extreme operational conditions. The Liebherr drilling rig convinces with the solid leader design, robust kinematics and a large range of possible applications. High stability is also provided thanks to the large footprint of the undercarriage. Similar to the other machines of the LB series the LB 36 is specially designed for Kelly drilling, continuous flight auger and double rotary drilling as well as soil mixing work.

Liebherr – a full-service provider in the deep foundation industry In the field of deep foundation work Liebherr offers its customers not only numerous machines, but also a large number of services, enhancing efficiency on the jobsite. These include technical consultation in the planning stage, application consulting on the jobsite, recording, evaluation and transfer of machine data via LiDAT, as well as the documentation and analysis of the processes on the jobsite via PDE/PDR. A particular highlight is the new Liebherr simulators for deep foundation machinery. The operators can prepare for their future tasks in a virtual but realistic environment. This improves both the operator’s self-confidence, as well as safety on the jobsite. l

Top: Liebherr LB 36 rotary drilling rig working in Switzerland. Above bottom: Liebherr’s versatile piling and drilling rig LRB 355 on its premiere jobsite in the Austrian city of Dornbirn.

Piling Industry Canada • June 2016 47


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Piling Industry Canada Issue #1 2016  

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