Defense Transportation Journal

Page 1

The Official Publication of the National Defense Transportation Association

December 2021

The Fall Meeting Wrap-Up Issue PLUS DLA’s 60th Anniversary

U.S.-flag shipping and logistics solutions from America’s leading Ro-Ro carrier


| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

Your Corporate Travel Solutions All in One Place

Contact us today Let us give you an evaluation of what we can do for you, call Arthur Salus-CEO / 770.308.7060








Duluth Travel Incorporated has provided travel solutions to U.S. Government since 2003.

Comprehensive travel services for corporation, associations, and other organizations.

We create travel, meeting, incentive, and motivation programs designed to provide advantage to your business.

Duluth Travel provides expertise to book land packages, cruise packages, and/or flights.

Domestic & International Travel / Customized reporting / Largest Hotel discount program / 365 days & 24/7 hours of operation |



| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021


Proudly serving our U.S. military throughout the Pacific, Matson

Anchorage Kodiak

is the third largest and most reliable carrier of sustainment cargo

Dutch Harbor Tacoma

worldwide for the U.S. Transportation Command (USTC), achieving

Oakland LA

an aggregate Monthly Carrier Performance score of 98.8 for 2020. For more information, speak with one of our shipping experts at

Okinawa Honolulu Guam

(800) 4-MATSON or visit

Ebeye/Kwajalein |


Supporting the US Government’s global transportation requirements since 1983

Providing ocean carriage, inland transportation, and logistics services for rolling stock and oversized cargo 6

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

THE LANDSTAR ADVANTAGE A recognized industry leader, Landstar provides safe, secure, reliable transportation services delivered by our unique network of independent agents and capacity providers. • One of the industry’s largest van and platform selections with over 79,500 truck capacity providers under contract

• Specialty trailers ranging from beam, blade and Schnabels to double drop, stretch and multi-axles

• Expedited cargo vans, straight trucks and tractor-trailers • 17,000 pieces of trailing equipment

• Secure, dedicated government services with more than 325 AA&E secret cleared teams

• 10,500+ owner-operators leased to Landstar with over 1,300 stepdecks and 1,100 flatbed trailers

• Unit moves with onsite carrier representative

• Drop and hook services

• Hazmat certified owner-operators

Look to Landstar for safe, on-time, claim-free capacity.

Landstar System, Inc., 13410 Sutton Park Dr. South, Jacksonville, FL 32224 | 800-443-6808 | |




Crowley stands ready to support your mission domestically or globally with speed to theater of operations, 24/7/365 readiness, experience, high performance and best-in-class technology. At a moment’s notice, we provide: logistics, maritime, technology and energy solutions. 8

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

December 2021 NDTA-DTMO



February 28-March 2, 2022 Hilton Alexandria Mark Center • Alexandria, VA

FEATURES December 2021 • Vol 77, No. 6 PUBLISHER




By Beth Reece







NDTA 50 South Pickett Street, Suite 220 Alexandria, VA 22304-7296 703-751-5011 • F 703-823-8761


Bob Schotta

ADVERTISING & PRODUCTION Carden Jennings Publishing Co., Ltd. Custom Publishing Division 375 Greenbrier Drive, Suite 100 Charlottesville, VA 22901 434-817-2000 x330 • F 434-817-2020


The S /the-source ource NDTA’s Officia l New


Debbie Bretches



sletter Add pu to your blications@n dta email a ddress hq book

CYBERSECURITY LESSONS FROM THE FIELD | Ted Rybeck...........................................10 PRESIDENT’S CORNER | VADM William A. Brown, USN (Ret.)......................................11 CHAIRMAN’S CIRCLE.......................................................................................28 HONOR ROLL..................................................................................................29 INDEX OF ADVERTISERS.................................................................................... 30 We encourage contributions to the DTJ and our website. To submit an article or story idea, please see our guidelines at

Defense Transportation Journal (ISSN 0011-7625) is published bimonthly by the National Defense Transportation Association (NDTA), a non-profit research and educational organization; 50 South Pickett Street, Suite 220, Alexandria, VA 22304-7296, 703-751-5011. Copyright by NDTA. Periodicals postage paid at Alexandria, Virginia, and at additional mailing offices. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year (six issues) $40. Two years, $60. Three years, $75. To foreign post offices, $45. Single copies, $6 plus postage. The DTJ is free to members. For details on membership, visit POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: Defense Transportation Journal 50 South Pickett Street, Suite 220 Alexandria, VA 22304-7296

DEFENSE TRANSPORTATION JOURNAL Statement of Ownership, Management, and Circulation as required by the Act of August 12, 1970; Section 3685, United States Code, for Defense Transportation Journal, published bi-monthly at Alexandria, Virginia, for September 2021. 1. Location of known office of publication: 50 South Pickett St., Suite 220, Alexandria, VA 22304. 2. Location of the headquarters of general business office of the publisher: 50 South Pickett St., Suite 220, Alexandria, VA 22304. 3. Publisher: National Defense Transportation Association, 50 S. Pickett St., Suite 220, Alexandria, VA 22304; Publisher, VADM William Brown, USN (Ret.); Managing Editor, Sharon Lo. 4. Owner: National Defense Transportation Association, 50 South Pickett St., Suite 220, Alexandria, VA 22304-7296 (an incorporated association). 5. Known bondholders, mortgages, and other security holders owning or holding 1 percent of more of total amount of bonds, mortgages or other securities: There are none. 6. Average number of copies each issue during the preceding 12 months: Total 4,500; paid circulation by mail, 4,238; sales through dealers, carrier or other means, 192; free distribution by mail or other means, 0; total distribution 4,616; copies not distributed, 60. Percent paid and/or requested circulation: 96%. Sharon Lo, Managing Editor.

NDTA Headquarters Staff VADM William A. Brown, USN (Ret.) President & CEO COL Craig Hymes, USA (Ret.) Senior VP Operations Claudia Ernst Director, Finance and Accounting Lee Matthews VP Marketing and Corporate Development Jennifer Reed Operations Manager Leah Ashe Membership Manager Rebecca Jones Executive Assistant to the President & CEO Denny Jeong Project Coordinator For a listing of current Committee Chairpersons, Government Liaisons, and Chapter & Regional Presidents, please visit the Association website at

EDITORIAL OBJECTIVES The editorial objectives of the Defense Transportation Journal are to advance knowledge and science in defense logistics and transportation and the partnership between the commercial transportation industry and the government transporter. DTJ stimulates thought and effort in the areas of defense transportation, logistics, and distribution by providing readers with: • News and information about defense logistics and transportation issues • New theories or techniques • Information on research programs • Creative views and syntheses of new concepts • Articles in subject areas that have significant current impact on thought and practice in defense logistics and transportation • Reports on NDTA Chapters EDITORIAL POLICY The Defense Transportation Journal is designed as a forum for current research, opinion, and identification of trends in defense transportation and logistics. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily of the Editors, the Editorial Review Board, or NDTA. EDITORIAL CONTENT Archives are available to members on Sharon Lo, Managing Editor, DTJ NDTA 50 South Pickett Street, Suite 220 Alexandria, VA 22304-7296 703-751-5011 • F 703-823-8761


| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

CYBERSECURITY LESSONS FROM THE FIELD Lessons from the Field: Rallying Cyber-Readiness with USTRANSCOM and DOD’s CMMC 2.0 By Ted Rybeck Chair, Benchmarking Partners, & Chair, NDTA Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee

This series of articles will draw on real cases of companies as an amalgam under the name DIB-Co. Each edition will include micro-case installments of how the company transformed itself. On this journey, DIB-Co will go from being unaware that they were part of the Defense Industrial Base to recognizing that dozens of their customers were suppliers to the iconic giants of US defense logistics.


• NDTA’s Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee continues to intensify its efforts based on the guidance of past US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) Commanders and current USTRANSCOM Commander Gen Jacqueline D. Van Ovost, USAF. • The Cybersecurity Committee’s priorities incorporate the Department of Defense’s (DOD) newly announced Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) 2.0, which simplifies the measurement of five progress levels down to three levels and defines a lower-cost process for engaging small businesses like DIB-Co. • The Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides the common sense, consistent basis for CMMC 2.0: the existing 110 controls of the NIST 800-171 specifications for Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI).

“We need to speed up our effective collaboration and solutions to meet the accelerating threats.” — Gen Van Ovost’s message to the Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee following her October 15, 2021, Change of Command from Gen Stephen Lyons, USA


TDA’s Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee used its most recent session to align with Commander’s Intent from General Jackie Van Ovost. Gen Van Ovost gave an urgent challenge to the group: “We need to speed up our effective collaboration and solutions to meet the accelerating threats.” The updated priorities will be further defined and executed throughout the year to help the committee meet Gen Van Ovost’s challenge successfully within the limits of NDTA’s charter. The priorities were validated with help from USTRANSCOM/J6 Deputy Director for Cyberspace Operations Brig Gen Michelle Hayworth, USAF; USTRANSCOM Chief Information Security Officer Patrick Grimsley; and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Enterprise Services Project Manager Travis Reid. As the Cybersecurity Committee progresses, outcomes of the work will be shared with the other NDTA Committees, as well as with USTRANSCOM, DLA, and DOD leadership. During the session, Cybersecurity Committee member & NIST-based assessment leader, Chiderah Okoye, facilitated expert guest participants who added to the discussion. These specialists provided input during and after the session on how defense transportation and supply chains will fit into effective NIST-supported, wholeSee Cybersecurity pg. 27

PRESIDENT’S CORNER What a Year It Has Been! VADM William A. Brown, USN (Ret.) NDTA President & CEO


reetings everyone; we hope all is well for you and yours during the upcoming holidays! The NDTA Staff and I want to thank you for your outstanding support over the past year. Thank you for helping to lead our organization back to an October face-to-face Fall Meeting co-hosted with US Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM). According to our surveys, the NDTAUSTRANSCOM Fall Meeting was one of the most successful gatherings we have ever hosted. Everyone came ready to engage and the optimism was apparent. After only three days in command, Gen Jacqueline

D. Van Ovost, USAF, USTRANSCOM’s Commander, welcomed everyone and engaged with attendees during all aspects of the event. Lt Gen Sam Barrett, USAF, the Director of Logistics, Joint Staff, accompanied me to visit our committee meetings on Thursday. The key issue on everyone’s mind that day was the implementation of the vaccination mandate for industry through Executive Order 14042. This remains one of the key issues of the day, as companies work with USTRANSCOM to find a way that allows them to meet the intent of the mandate without putting their capabil-


CHAIRMAN’S CIRCLE PLUS • ALARA Logistics • Global Guardian SUSTAINING • EMO Trans, Inc • Intermodal Logistics Consulting Inc. • Langham Logistics, Inc.

ity at risk. To USTRANSCOM’s credit, they have kept the Department of Defense (DOD) advised of the challenges of implementation and are gathering info related to logistics and transportation capacity impacts. The USTRANSCOM Deputy Commander, VADM Dee Mewbourne, USN, has been holding frequent meetings with industry to weigh the impacts and to offer potential solutions. See Pres. Corner pg. 30 |


DOD’s Logistics Agency Touches American Lives By Beth Reece, Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)


rom crackers and sanitation kits for America’s fallout shelters during the Cold War to COVID-19 supplies so direly needed in every state and town, one defense organization has the power to provide essentials in the nation’s time of need. The Defense Logistics Agency was created in October 1961 to manage common goods for the military services. Its worldwide network of supplies, distribution assets and contracting experts has supported US troops in peace and at war. And though “DLA” may not yet be a household name, it’s touched American lives through wholeof-government support that stretches back to the agency’s roots. “DLA’s work has always been tied to the greater American story. There’s very little the nation has done where we haven’t had some supporting role,” DLA Historian Colin Williams said. Fallout shelter supplies were the first items DLA bought for use by the American public. Fear of a nuclear attack was so real the agency assembled medical kits and stockpiled supplies in caves in the Allegheny mountains.

“We kept them for so long we had to set up an inspection schedule to ensure shelfstable foods really were shelf stable,” Williams said. The agency went on to source the antenna that broadcast man’s first walk on the moon. And when gas shortages and steep prices during the 1970s energy crisis ignited strikes and families ran short of heating oil, DLA brought stability by using the Defense Production Act to order large quantities at better prices than those available to the general population. American companies that wanted to send free goods to troops in the Gulf War also got a hand from DLA when it partnered with companies like Nabisco, Mars Inc., and USA Today to palletize and ship Oreos, M&Ms, books, newspapers, and more. Though Hurricane Katrina wasn’t the first storm to invoke DLA support, its Category 5 winds and resulting floods stranded over a million people needing basic supplies. DLA sent items like food, bottled water, and sleeping bags for residents suddenly rendered homeless to Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) staging areas.

DLA support was so vital to the monthslong recovery following Katrina that the agency created contingency contracts to respond to FEMA requirements for humanitarian aid in future disasters. “Katrina really put DLA on the map when it comes to supporting the nation in a crisis,” DLA Vice Director Brad Bunn said. “By bringing commercial supply chains together with our organic distribution capabilities, it became obvious we were able to deliver supplies wherever they’re needed and, frankly, at a reasonable cost because of our ability to leverage large-scale buys.” Hurricane Maria in 2017 showcased the agency’s ability to support broader needs. DLA Troop Support sent items like handheld radios and medicine to Puerto Rico, and DLA Disposition Services helped victims remove scrap metal and other debris scattered across the island. The agency even helped rebuild the local power grid with generators and telephone poles. America’s schools have been helped by DLA, too. Through Computers for Learning, pre-kindergarten and grade-school classrooms are furnished with laptops, monitors and keyboards considered excess by the Department of Defense (DOD). Fresh fruits and vegetables are also sent to school kitchens across the country through DOD’s Fresh Program, a partnership between DLA and the US Department of Agriculture that also supports US farmers.

Left: Pallets of water are unloaded from a C-17 Globemaster III at Ceiba, Puerto Rico, Sept. 29, 2017. The Defense Logistics Agency provided items including food, water, fuel and construction material after Hurricane Maria left millions of residents without power and basic supplies. Photo by Air Force SrA Christian Sullivan, USAF. Right: Students at St. Kevin School in Providence, Rhode Island, test new laptop computers donated from a command at nearby Quonset Air National Guard Base. Computers for Learning allows DLA to provide public, private and parochial schools and educational non-profits excess Defense Department computers for free. Photo courtesy of St. Kevin School.


| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

PERFORMANCE AND COLLABORATION ARE THE KEYS TO SUCCESS We are a Global Logistics and Technology Engineering leader bringing novel solutions and a streamlined operations model to address all three elements of the supply chain at once: data, automation, and collaboration

Core Competencies

With employees located throughout the United States, Guam, and Kuwait; subsidiaries in Australia and Germany; and branch offices in Japan and Singapore, Cervello is uniquely positioned to effectively support military headquarters and forward deployed units who remain committed as a “force in readiness” Deployment, Distribution, and Transportation Logistics Management, Consulting, and Analysis Continuous analysis of lifecycle logistics supportability to improve transit times, reduce costs, gain efficiencies, and streamline decision-making processes Design, Build, and Run comprehensive global logistics solutions for our customers Customer-centric technology supported by our global workforce, to ensure Total Asset Visibility (24 x 7 x 365) across a global spectrum of the Department of Defense and Private Sector transportation networks Expert Logisticians in the field that provide End-to-End supply chain support Advanced Knowledge Management System to enhance operational performance of global workforce Proven corporate competency working in a multinational environment and direct interaction with the United States Transportation Command, Defense Logistics Agency, and Foreign Governments International Traffic in Arms Regulations compliant CMMI-SVC Quality Management compliant DOD NIST SP 800-171 R2 compliant CMMC Level-3 compliant

Corporate Headquarters: 535 Philippe Parkway, Safety Harbor, FL 34695 | 727-303-3001 |

When COVID-19 closed schools, DLA helped provide produce to students’ families. And a similar program allows the agency to put fruit, vegetables, and eggs on the dining tables of low-income Native Americans. Homeless veterans get a lift from the agency, as well. DLA Disposition Services holds hundreds of annual events around the nation to distribute boots, parkas, sleeping bags, towels, cold-weather gear, and other items. Even American small businesses have flourished from DLA support. In fiscal 2021, over 7,000 small businesses including those owned by minorities and servicedisabled veterans were awarded contracts worth $13 billion, putting money back into local economies. DLA has also been a pillar in the US government’s response to COVID-19. DLA Troop Support provided gowns, gloves, test kits, and more for nursing homes; masks for local community centers; ventilators and medical supplies for hospitals; and protective equipment to replenish the Strategic National Stockpile. DLA Energy Deputy Director Dave Kless, who served as DLA Operations’ Executive Director from the beginning of the response until June, said DLA’s reputation for helping the nation during natural disasters made it an obvious solution for sourcing hard-to-get materials. The need for some supplies was so urgent that many missions went from concept to execution in less than a week, he added, attributing the agency’s success to employees “just doing what had to be done for the good of the country.” DLA Aviation Commander Brig Gen David Sanford, USAF, who helped coordinate federal efforts as Director of the COVID-19 Supply Chain Task Force, called the agency’s contributions an important part of DLA history. “We will be captured in every afteraction report as a success for being able to step in and provide the capabilities that the other government agencies didn’t have internally,” he said. “DLA was able to step into that gap and support the entire United States, and it’s not often that you get to say that.” Even as DLA worked to deliver vaccines to overseas employees, it equipped wildfire responders with everything from chainsaws to fire hoses as they fought fires sprawling across millions of acres in numerous states. And in February, the agency 14

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

The Atlas V rocket launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on June 24, 2016. DLA Aerospace Energy provided highly purified kerosene and liquid oxygen for the engine powering the booster and high purity hydrazine and dinitrogen tetroxide to maneuver and control the payloads in orbit. Courtesy photo. An emergency services technician stands ready to process COVID-19 tests at New Jersey’s Community Based Testing Site. DLA has leveraged internal and external partnerships to supply millions of PPE items to DHS supported COVID-19 surge test sites across the country. Photo courtesy of K.C. Wilsey, FEMA. The Texas Army National Guard delivers 40,000 cases of water to residents without clean water after a winter storm in February 2020 brought multi-day power outages and broken pipes. DLA provided food and fuel. Photo by SPC James Garcia, USA.

supported Texas residents with food and fuel during record-breaking snow and ice that brought multi-day power outages. Such support is possible and continues to grow partly because of DLA’s alliances with industry, Bunn said. “DLA is an enormous machine of procurement and logistics so capable at largescale support that when there’s a requirement that expands beyond DOD, it makes sense for the country, the federal govern-

ment, the White House, and Congress to look to us as a potential solution,” he added. The nation’s growing reliance on agency capabilities like procurement and distribution suggest the role is permanent for DLA, Bunn continued. “I think in the future we’ll be seen as thought leaders and consultants on how to best replicate some of these functions, even if we continue to support in areas of our core competencies,” he said. DTJ |



Fall Meeting

NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting summary material is intended to provide an overview of presentations and should by no means be considered verbatim. This information does not necessarily represent the official position of the US government or any of its entities, NDTA or any of its corporate members. We regret any errors or omissions. For more information regarding the meeting please visit NDTA’s website at Photos by Cherie Cullen. |


More information on the NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting—and from past Fall Meetings—including additional articles, videos, and slides can be found on NDTA’s website at Next year’s conference will take place October 17-20, 2022, at the St. Louis Union Station Hotel in St. Louis, Missouri. We hope you will make it a priority to join us as we continue the productive conversations and collaboration that ensure the strength of our partnerships and the success of the enterprise.

Partnership Takes Center Stage at the NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting By Sharon Lo, Managing Editor, DTJ & The Source


he NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting took place October 18 - 21, 2021, at the Gaylord National Harbor Hotel in Oxen Hill, Maryland. The event provided attendees from government, military, and industry the opportunity to gather together to identify and solve logistics and transportation issues, learn about new technologies, develop best practices and build professional and personal relationships. The theme for the meeting, Resilient & Reliable Logistics… Agile and Adaptable, focused attention on the challenges associated with operating in contested and pandemic environments spanning all domains and geographic locations. It zeroed in on the technologies, business processes, and innovations needed to dominate and win in all environments. The meeting agenda included general sessions with four keynote speakers and three moderated roundtable discussions. The annual Transportation Academy, held in conjunction with the Fall Meeting each year, consisted of over 60 classes taught by subject matter experts. The Expo Hall & Resource Center facilitated networking and information sharing. Finally, the week featured a wide variety of meetings to include: government, industry, NDTA Committees, and Young Leader Professional Development sessions. 16

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

“The topics to be discussed in the next few days have been developed in discussions among key leaders, and in our NDTA modal committees and USTRANSCOM Executive Working Groups during the past year,” said NDTA President VADM William A. Brown, USN (Ret.), during the opening comments. Brown served as Master of Ceremonies for the event. Co-host of the Fall Meeting, Commander of USTRANSCOM Gen Jacqueline Van Ovost, USAF, also welcomed the audience during the opening ceremony. While this was far from the first event the two organizations have hosted together, there was excitement over returning to an in-person meeting for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic began.

Kendall Calls for ‘Technically and Operationally Innovative Approaches’ to Meet Logistics Challenges By Charles Pope, Secretary of the Air Force Public Affairs

O NDTA Chairman John Dietrich summarized the importance of the event, “we are all grateful we can be here in person as we focus on a strong relationship between industry, our government, including the military—to have a call for action—to make our nation’s security capability more strong, agile and protective of the homeland—meanwhile protecting our ability to project power.”

ffering equal doses of praise and objective—but disquieting—Secretary of the Air Force Frank Kendall told a major gathering of military and defense logistics experts that the United States’ ability to move people and goods anywhere, at any time, has been unrivaled. But he warned that the nation’s logistics enterprise must adapt to be relevant for the challenges of today’s world. Kendall’s keynote remarks to the National Defense Transportation Association and the US Transportation Command’s Fall Meeting at a hotel in suburban Washington offered in unvarnished terms the challenges facing the United States posed by China and what the US must do to best maintain global stability. “I’m finding in my three months with the Air Force and Space Force, that our ability to think out-of-the-box and to

SeaCube is proud to support the US Military in peace and conflict

Visit for more information |


adopt both technically and operationally innovative approaches to new and emerging operational problems is better than it might be, but not as good as it needs to be,” Kendall said to the audience. “… In my opinion, we have not fully internalized the significance of that development or what it means for our national security,” he said of the challenges posed by a capable, motivated, well-resourced strategic competitor. “We all recognize the change, but I’m afraid that to a certain degree, we are stuck in patterns of thinking, and acting, that no longer apply.” To drive home the point, he said later in the speech: “Infinite logistical capacity and freedom of movement are not guaranteed for the United States military and our government partners.” A proper response is a multi-pronged and multi-domain one that involves all branches of the military as well as allies and partners, he said. But there is no time to waste, he added, echoing one of his constant themes since becoming the Department of the Air Force’s highest-ranking civilian leader. “All of us involved in national security also need to develop a stronger sense of urgency, and we all must think carefully about the application of new and emerging technology to the operations we may be called upon to conduct in the not-toodistant future,” he said. He also offered a blunt message to Congress about the need for replacing “legacy systems and excess capacity that has little or no relevance to the pacing challenges we face. We can protect the status quo, or we can protect America … I am very willing to work with Congress to find creative ways to move forward, but we must move forward,” he said. At the same time, Kendall acknowledged the roots of the US military’s logistics enterprise are strong. The Air Force’s Air Mobility Command “pulled off the largest airlift of people in history—124,000 people in 17 days.” Kendall also highlighted that AMC’s former commander, Gen. Jacqueline D. Van Ovost, has recently been confirmed and sworn in as the new commander at USTRANSCOM. But that peacetime airlift operation is a far cry from what is likely to present itself in modern-world confrontation, where sophisticated weapons are combined with refined capabilities in space and in the cyber realm across vast distances, including the Pacific. There are also more traditional and less exotic concerns. 18

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

“A few years ago on a trip to Guam, I was struck by the massive and unhardened fuel storage tanks that support Andersen Air Force Base,” he said. “Guam isn’t unique. We also need to make plans to deal with the precision munitions that [would] be used to damage the runways our forward tactical air wings depend on, including those in places like Guam,” he said. Kendall used a recent example and a thought exercise to illustrate the point. “Several months ago, hackers breached the Colonial Pipeline’s networks using a compromised password,” he said. “That’s all they needed, one password. They hacked into the East Coast oil pipeline and disrupted operations for a period of days. These Russian-based hackers caused a gas shortage, high fuel prices at the pump, and cost the Colonial Pipeline almost $5 million in ransom. This is just the tip of the iceberg. If we don’t protect our data, it is wide open for our competitors to steal or manipulate and to disrupt our military operations.” For the thought exercise, he asked the audience to envision the Battle of the Atlantic, the World War II supply effort that is among the most acclaimed and historic wartime logistics achievements. But imagine, he said, if the Germans who were unable to stop the crucial supply chain “had a large inventory of precision land-based anti-ship and land-attack cruise and ballistic missiles. Suppose that the V-1s and V-2s, introduced as terror weapons late in the war, had come along earlier and included longer ranges, precision navigation, and smart seekers,” he said. “Suppose this mix of ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles included hypersonic weapons. Imagine that those German Uboats carried over the horizon anti-ship cruise missiles. Imagine that the Germans had a robust inventory of [signals intelligence] and [imagery intelligence] satellites that could provide real-time targeting and provide that data to the Luftwaffe, the Wehrmacht, and the Kriegsmarine. German submarines would not have to guess where the convoys might be; with off-board situational awareness and targeting, they could stand well off from their targets and engage them with coordinated attacks using cruise missiles. “Think about what these developments would have meant in the Battle of the Atlantic. It isn’t a very pretty picture,” Kendall said. “My point in leading you through this thought experiment is to emphasize two things: First, how different our current and

future challenges to logistics are compared to what we are used to or have ever experienced. And second, how significant a threat we can expect to face from today onward,” he said. Despite the challenges and questions, Kendall said “it is clear to me that the United States can adapt in response to novel challenges, but it’s also clear to me that we can’t assume the global freedom of maneuver that we have come to expect.” Despite the challenges and concerns, Kendall also offered a sense of hope. Most of it is rooted in the daily performance and dedication of rank-and-file Airmen and Guardians across the Air and Space Forces. “I truly understand how difficult your jobs are in today’s environment, during a pandemic, and with significant demands and resource constraints. Despite these challenges, you are still executing your jobs and maintaining our national security posture. I am awed when I see the amazing feats our military and industry teams accomplish every day,” he said.

USTRANSCOM Commander Highlights Warfighting Readiness, Critical Industry Relationships Necessary to Succeed in Great Power Conflict Today and Tomorrow By US Transportation Command Public Affairs


n her first major keynote address since taking command, Gen Jacqueline D. Van Ovost, USAF, Commander of US Transportation Command, discussed pri-

orities and challenges ahead for the transportation enterprise at the NDTA-USTRANSCOM annual Fall Meeting. Van Ovost thanked the NDTA and USTRANSCOM teams for orchestrating a “world-class logistics forum,” and said while new leadership brings a fresh perspective, “TRANSCOM’s mission is enduring and my number one priority remains the same—our warfighting readiness.” “We do this through a warfighting framework of three elements – global posture, mobility capacity, and global command and control and integration,” Van Ovost said. “Since World War II, we have enjoyed strategic dominance in each of the three areas and we have presented our nation’s leaders with options.” However, the General said the security environment is changing. “We now face direct challenges across all domains, threatening our ability to deliver an immediate force tonight, and a decisive force when needed,” she said. Discussing the enterprise’s footprint across the globe, Van Ovost said she was looking to attendees to innovate ways to prepare, package, and preposition materiel

and capacity to ensure that we can deliver an immediate force tonight to meet our national security objectives.” Finally, Van Ovost highlighted the need for resilient and agile command and control, calling it “one of my highest areas of interest and frankly, concern.” She stressed the need for cooperation and mitigation efforts. “Our ever-growing number of cyber adversaries will be a challenge to all of us,”

in order to improve deterrence and “progress to smaller force packages, operating from more austere places, and spanning greater distances. She said capacity across the air and sea was key. She committed to being “laserfocused on emphasizing a responsible ‘buy used’ strategy with the US Navy,” in order to address the looming retirement of 34 of 50 vessels, and she also committed to “preserving necessary air mobility capabilities

EARN YOUR MASTER’S DEGREE IN 36 HOURS Port and marine terminal industry master’s degree programs and certifications Business and engineering faculty supported by industry professionals



Fully online courses enhancing mid-career opportunities

• •

Industry relevant research in management, operations, logistics and security

Ports, Trade and Global Logistics Port and Marine Terminal Development and Operations The Management of Port and Marine Terminals Erik Stromberg

Executive Director |


she said. “They have carefully studied our supply chain and transportation operations, and are actively working to disrupt and degrade logistics flows.” Van Ovost also mentioned recent successes, such as the use of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet (CRAF) during the historic noncombatant evacuation operations, analysis of tanker capacity, and work leading to an upcoming global household goods contract. In closing, she referenced the meeting’s theme. “Resilient and Reliable…Agile and Adaptable must be more than a bumper sticker,” Van Ovost said. “The future alldomain contested environment requires our logistics enterprise to be resilient and reliable. Our warfighting framework must be agile and adaptable to deter potential adversaries, and if necessary, win decisively. “There is no second place when it comes to our national defense.”

DOT Secretary Buttigieg Addresses Transportation Challenges By Sharon Lo, Managing Editor, DTJ & The Source


uring the 2021 NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting, keynote speaker, The Honorable Pete Buttigieg, Secretary of the US Department of Transportation (DOT), addressed several challenges faced by—and still facing—the transportation sector. “In recent months, we have seen what our transportation system can do to rise to any occasion,” said Buttigieg. “When America needed to evacuate our citizens and our allies from Afghanistan, our Department partnered with DOD to support 20

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

the activation of the [Civil] Reserve Air Fleet to transport evacuees. “In a time of crisis, we needed both the military aircraft that went into Kabul and the US civilian aviation sector—including the airlines, their extraordinarily dedicated crews, and the airport leadership and ground handlers. Together, they worked with DOD to transport evacuees from the so called ‘lilypads’ to Washington and Philadelphia, making Operation Allies Welcome possible.” At the time of the meeting, the transportation industry had also spent close to two years grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic. “Our maritime industry and airlines shipped vital medical equipment from overseas to the first responders who needed it here. Our rail carriers and trucking industry distributed hundreds of millions of doses of lifesaving vaccines around the country. And our workers—from merchant mariners and longshore workers to truckers and terminal operators—supported all those efforts, often in dangerous conditions, even while losing friends and coworkers along the way,” said Buttigieg. The pandemic supercharged issues across the supply chain. Buttigieg summarized one critical cause of the problems stating, “The bottom line is this: Our shipping and freight infrastructure were built at a time when no one imagined a world in which anyone could order anything from anywhere with the flick of a thumb on a smartphone.” Expanding on the impacts and response to this issue Buttigieg said, “That’s why, for the long-term, this is clearly one more piece of evidence that we urgently need bold, federal investment in our infrastructure—including our ports, freight rail, and intermodal connections. “But in the short term, we are acting to help address the bottlenecks that we see at every stage of the supply chain, all around the world. Getting goods from ships into ports, from ports onto trains and trucks, and from there to shelves and homes. “And of course, these different pieces of the supply chain are owned by different private industry players that historically haven’t always talked to each other. That’s why forums like this one are so important. We need to cultivate environments and occasions where all the stakeholders can come together to confront problems.” To address these issues, the DOT has worked to expand operating hours at major

West Coast ports to 24/7. The DOT is also working closely with the trucking industry and the Department of Labor to expand apprenticeships to increase the number of truck drivers. In addition, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration is teaming up with states to cut red tape and help issue more commercial drivers’ licenses. Buttigieg encouraged industry to take advantage of the increased port operating hours, as well as to look at additional ways to improve network throughput and make the systems more interoperable. But, he added that these issues were closely tied to long-term underinvestment in US infrastructure—a problem he hoped the bipartisan infrastructure deal would improve. “The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act would help us expand port capacity; improve multimodal connections among ports, trains, and trucks; and rebuild the rails, roads, bridges, and waterways that they travel on,” said Buttigieg. The Act includes investments of over a $100 billion in roads, bridges, and highways; $66 billion for passenger and freight rail; $25 billion for airports; and $17 billion in ports and waterways, including $2.25 billion for the Port Infrastructure Development Program. The amount allotted to ports is especially significant, as it is roughly equal to the amount of funding for ports from all DOT-administered grant programs over the past decade combined. This investment will help build new wharfs where ships can dock and unload cargo, improve rail connections to docks, and install new, safer, modern equipment to move containers. “Crucially, these investments in our ports, along with other investments in the plan, will also help us to ensure that our supply chains are not just stronger, but cleaner and more resilient than ever before,” said Buttigieg. “And we envision the goods and materials for these infrastructure investments made in America, shipped on US-flag, US-crewed vessels, reflecting this President’s commitment to Buy America and to the Jones Act.” The Secretary also addressed the human aspect of the transportation system, “our current challenges and opportunities aren’t just about ships, trucks, and trains—they’re about engineers, drivers, and mariners. We need to make sure we are supporting good working conditions, competitive pay, and excellent training and career development

for people at every level and in every part of our transportation systems.” He also emphasized the critical need for gender equality and prevention of sexual assault through concrete, deliberate action. “It’s a moral imperative, a national security imperative, and an economic imperative. Especially at a time when it is so profoundly important to our future that we effectively recruit and support the people who represent the next generation of the merchant marine and the rest of our transportation leadership,” said Buttigieg. “The ability to move goods, people, and material across the country is fundamentally important to our economy. The right investments, in our infrastructure and in our people, will lay the groundwork for a generation of renewed economic prosperity, so that every user, of every part, of every one of our transportation systems—commercial, military, and civilian—can travel quickly and safely,” he concluded. “I’m looking forward to working with all of you to unlock the full potential of these historic investments, and create a transportation system that supports our economy and our national security for generations to come.”

Fall Meeting Roundtables Discuss the Defense Industrial Base, COVID Response & Space Transportation By Sharon Lo, Managing Editor, DTJ & The Source


he NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting plenary sessions included three roundtables. Encouraging ro-

bust discussion and unique viewpoints, the roundtables feature subject matter experts covering critical topics. These discussions have become a highlight of the conference agenda and this year was no exception. The first of the three roundtables, Defense Industrial Base: A Focus on Logistics & Transportation, was moderated by The Honorable Alan Estevez, Nominee, Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security, Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce. Panelists included Mr. Gregory Kausner, SES, Performing the Duties of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition & Sustainment; Mr. Steven Grundman, Principal of Grundman Advisory, a business strategy consultancy, and Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council; and Mr. John Dietrich, President and Chief Executive Officer, Atlas Air Worldwide and Atlas Air, Inc. The ability of our nation to produce, provide, transport and deliver equipment and supplies to meet US needs is key to a strong National Defense. This roundtable described how the US’ strength as a nation is directly tied to the Defense Industrial Base (DIB) and the vital role of the trans- |


portation and logistics industry within the DIB. Roundtable members examined the impacts of contested environments on the DIB, as well as other challenges and vulnerabilities. Panelists also discussed the Defense Production Action, and other policies and efforts to strengthen the enterprise. The second roundtable, COVID-19 Medical Logistics Response – A Case Study from Masks to Vaccines, was moderated by MG Deborah L. Kotulich, USA, Director, Supply Production and Distribution/Vaccine Operations Center, Countermeasures Acceleration Group. Panel members included LTG Paul Ostrowski, USA (Ret.), former Director of Supply, Production, and Distribution, Operation Warp Speed; Mr. David Kless, SES, Deputy Commander, DLA Energy; and Mr. Joseph Stephens, Senior Vice President of Global Planning, Engineering and Technology, FedEx. The roundtable examined logistics and transportation efforts to respond to the supply challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. This included the sourcing and distribution of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) during the early months of the pandemic, the movement of raw materials to PPE manufacturing centers worldwide, and the medical equipment/supplies emergency manufacturing processes (e.g., ventilators and disinfectants). The movement of infected personnel and patients was another important aspect of the pandemic response undertaken by the transportation community that the panel covered. In addition, the panel discussed the sourcing and distribution of vaccination supplies, and vaccine distribution. The third roundtable, Logistics Through Space: Challenges in Application, was moderated by Mr. Peter Garretson, Senior Fellow in Defense Studies at the American Foreign Policy Council and a strategy consultant who focuses on space and defense. Panelists included VADM Dee Mewbourne, USN, Deputy Commander, US Transportation Command; Brig Gen John M. Olson, PhD, USAF, Mobilization Assistant to the Chief of Space Operations, US Space Force; Mr. Mark J. Surina, LMI, Office of Research and Technology Applications (ORTA), USTRANSCOM; Mr. Sam Ximenes, Founder and CEO, Exploration Architecture Corporation (XArc); and Mr. Thomas Martin, Director, National Security Programs, Blue Origin. This roundtable continued the space transportation discussion from the previous year’s Fall Meeting. As USTRANSCOM 22

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

completes their Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to study rapid concepts for moving cargo through space to locations on earth, roundtable members looked at how to move beyond possibilities and research to begin a proof of concept. Panelists described what that might look like and what supporting role the logistics and transportation industry might play.

Transportation Academy Delivers on Resilience, Analytics, Technology and Logistics By Irvin Varkonyi, SCOPE


he annual Transportation Academy held during the 2021 NDTA-USTRANSCOM Fall Meeting delivered on providing insights into an environment shaped by the COVID pandemic, the impact of the supply chain bullwhip effect on suppliers, increased cyber vulnerabilities, and changes in risk theaters in the Middle East, Europe, and the Pacific. WORKFORCE AND TECHNOLOGY

The workforce is undergoing change, buffeted by uncertainties and public health threats. Deloitte presented their 2021 Human Capital Trends Report, Workforce Impacts and Adapting to the New Normal after the Pandemic. “Increasing numbers of the workforce want more meaningful work,” stated John Forsythe, Managing Director, Government and Public Services. Concepts of Super Teams, Reskilling, Focus on the Individual, and Technologies are driving workplace changes. Predicative analytics are molding the shape of the workforce. The military and commercial sectors are seeking to engage and retain top talent in virtual environments and transitioning to hybrid virtual/onsite Super Teams workplaces. “Technology and Compliance,” moderated by Overhaul with a panel of Dell Security Specialists, focused on the power of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to manage risk alerts and stay ahead of threats. AI is becoming the power tool to enable organizations to better manage risk and in turn become more resilient organizations. The visibility of data becomes a powerful tool.

Supplier selection must now utilize stricter standards to manage the tradeoff between effective and efficient relationships. SEMINARS BY MSC, SDDC, AND AMC

There were several sessions that updated attendees on the status of USTRANSCOM component commands. RADM Michael Wettlaufer, Commander, Military Sealift Command (MSC), presented an overview on adapting in a COVID environment in a world with less ships at MSC’s command. MG Heidi Hoyle, USA, SDDC Commanding General, offered an overview of the increased challenges of COVID’s disruptions on the integration of surface force projection and highlighting resiliency as a major standard in operational performance. Civil Reserve Air Fleet updates were provided by Air Mobility Command, including a discussion on what was only the third-ever CRAF activation. During the Afghanistan withdrawal, an unprecedented 120,000 people were evacuated from Kabul to several locations, where commercial CRAF carriers flew over 550 flights to bring refugees to selected locations in the Middle East and the US. PANDEMIC LOGISTICS AND SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MANAGEMENT

This author was a co-presenter in two workshops which provided insight in the application of Supply Chain Risk Management in the development of organizational risk cultures. Together with Greg Schlegel, we created an exercise to help align organizations to understand internal risk cultures that impact on organizational resilience. Along with Stacy Newstead, of Huntington Ingalls Industries, a breakdown was provided on the goals and capabilities of the current administration to elevate supply chain resilience as a matter of national security. One of the most anticipated sessions was chaired by Kirstin Knott, FedEx, and presented an overview of COVID-19 vaccine distribution initiated by Operation Warp Speed, which later transitioned to the Countermeasures Acceleration Group. Over 350 million doses of the COVID-19 vaccine have been distributed. Panelists included representatives from DOD, McKesson, Walgreens, and FedEx who discussed the public-private partnership that collaborated on the project to save American lives. Many of the presentations, as well as information on instructors, are available on the NDTA Fall Meeting website. DTJ |


Photos by Cherie Cullen

The return of NDTA’s annual exhibition was a highlight of Fall Meeting week. Booths, and in some cases vehicles or demos, from military, government, industry, and academia filled the hall. There was excitement in the air as members of the transportation and logistics community connected and reconnected with one another for the first time in two years. The expo provided a prime opportunity for attendees to share ideas, learn from one another, and expand their professional networks.

24 | Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021 Participation and attendance at the NDTA Exposition does not imply support or endorsement by USTRANSCOM, its component commands, or any other US government entity. |




SILVER SPONSORS American Maritime Congress • ArcBest • BNSF Railway • National Air Cargo, Inc. Norfolk Southern Corporation • The Pasha Group • The Port of Virginia Transportation Institute • U.S. Bank Freight Payment • Wyndham Hotels & Resorts

BRONZE SPONSORS AAT Carriers, Inc. • Baggett Transportation Company • Port of Port Arthur Port of San Diego • Solerity • Telesto Group LLC Proceeds from the NDTA Sponsorship Program will support the NDTA general operating fund. Participation in the NDTA Sponsorship Program does not imply support or endorsement by USTRANSCOM, its component commands, or any other US government entity.


| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

Cont’d from Cybersecurity pg. 10 of-nation mobilization across the 16 critical infrastructures: • CEO of a Local Chamber & Ed Hub focused on supply chain effectiveness, Jeannie Hebert, who leads the Blackstone Valley Chamber of Commerce supporting the President of DIB-Co and other small-businesses. • Deputy Director of Defense Industrial Base Collaborative Information Sharing Environment (DCISE) DOD Cyber Crime Center (DC3) Terry Kalka (standing in for Director Krystal Covey). • Former Vice Chair of the Joint Chiefs and USTRANSCOM Commander Gen Paul Selva, USAF (Ret.). • Former USTRANSCOM Commander Gen Walter Kross, USAF (Ret.). • Former Military Sealift Commander and Los Angeles Unified Public Schools Superintendent VADM David Brewer, III, USN (Ret.). • Harvard Business School Professor & former Carnegie Mellon Business School Dean Robert Kaplan who codeveloped the Balanced Scorecard. • Former DOD CIO & National Defense University Professor CAPT Linton Wells, II, USN (Ret.). • Tougaloo College Career Services Director, Dr. Melissa McCoy, applied

Updated Priorities of the National Defense Transportation Association’s Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee (not in prioritized order)

• Exchange best practices among USTRANSCOM, DLA, DIB members, and software providers. • Share updates/analysis of the actions and implications of the Presidential Executive Order (May 12, 2021) and communications on DIB-related critical infrastructure from the Executive Branch across departments. (Leverage known/quantifiable industry expertise and findings in that process.) • Increase participation in the no-cost cyber exchange of the DIB Cybersecurity Program provided by the DOD CIO. (Contact 100% of the eligible NDTA members to encourage their participation. Learn from the reasons why there is/is not an interest in joining as a way to understand DIBnet’s value proposition.) • Strengthen and measure cybersecurity readiness of the USTRANSCOM & DLA suppliers/partners through adoption of the 110+ controls in the NIST 800-171 documentation and the streamlined 3 levels of the CMMC 2.0: Level 1 = Foundational; Level 2 = Advanced; Level 3 = Expert. • Identify opportunities to assess USTRANSCOM & DLA partner readiness for continuity of operations during a cyber incident. (Maximum Tolerable Downtime varies by situation and role.) • Improve industry-wide understanding on emerging contractual & regulatory requirements to support cyber-readiness for USTRANSCOM & DLA partners.

learning & teaching leader at Tougaloo College, a pacesetter for national service on cybersecurity upskilling of small businesses. • Longtime Wall Street & university leader, Ed Hajim, who started his career as a Navy officer in what would become the Military Sealift Command. • MIT Dean of Open Learning, Sanjay Sarma, a national and global leader on supply chain and the rollout of the free Open edX online learning platform who has worked for over 20 years with the DOD on DIB effectiveness.

The Cybersecurity Committee also explored ways to leverage educational partnerships with local, regional, and national higher education resources. The goal would be to align service learning by higher ed students at no financial cost to USTRANSCOM and DLA partners, especially those smaller partners with limited resources. The Cybersecurity Committee looks for input from across the defense transportation sector on how to best mobilize the nation’s applied learning resources. See Cybersecurity pg. 30 |



These corporations are a distinctive group of NDTA Members who, through their generous support of the Association, have dedicated themselves to supporting an expansion of NDTA programs to benefit our members and defense transportation preparedness.

AAR CORP. + PLUS Agility Defense & Government Services + PLUS Air Transport Services Group (ATSG) + PLUS AIT Worldwide Logistics, Inc. + PLUS ALARA Logistics + PLUS American President Lines, LLC + PLUS American Roll-on Roll-off Carrier + PLUS Amtrak + PLUS Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings + PLUS Bennett + PLUS Cervello Global Corporation + PLUS CGI + PLUS Chapman Freeborn Airchartering, Inc. + PLUS Construction Helicopters, Inc. (d/b/a CHI Aviation) + PLUS Crane Worldwide Logistics, LLC + PLUS Crowley + PLUS Deloitte + PLUS DHL Express + PLUS Enterprise Holdings + PLUS FedEx + PLUS Freeman Holdings Group + PLUS Global Guardian + PLUS Goldratt Consulting North America LLC + PLUS Hapag-Lloyd USA, LLC + PLUS International Auto Logistics + PLUS Kalitta Air LLC + PLUS Landstar System, Inc. + PLUS Liberty Global Logistics-Liberty Maritime + PLUS Maersk Line, Limited + PLUS Matson + PLUS Microsoft Federal + PLUS National Air Cargo, Inc. + PLUS Omni Air International, LLC + PLUS Plateau Grp + PLUS SAP + PLUS Schuyler Line Navigation Company LLC + PLUS Southwest Airlines + PLUS The Suddath Companies + PLUS TOTE, LLC + PLUS Tri-State + PLUS US Ocean, LLC + PLUS Waterman Logistics + PLUS Western Global Airlines + PLUS American Maritime Partnership Amerijet International, Inc. Berry Aviation, Inc. BNSF Railway Boeing Company Boyle Transportation Bristol Associates Choice Hotels International CSX Transportation 28

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

CWTSatoTravel Echo Global Logistics, Inc. Global Logistics Providers KGL McKinsey & Company National Air Carrier Association Norfolk Southern Corporation

SAP Concur Sealift, Inc. Telesto Group LLC The Pasha Group The Port of Virginia Transportation Institute U.S. Bank Freight Payment Union Pacific Railroad Wyndham Hotels & Resorts, Inc.





SUSTAINING MEMBERS AAT Carriers, Inc. Accenture Federal Services Admiral Merchants Motor Freight, Inc. Akua Inc. Alacran Al-Hamd International Container Terminal Alytic, Inc. American Bureau of Shipping American Maritime Officers American Trucking Associations Ameriflight, LLC Apex Logistics International Inc. ArcBest Army & Air Force Exchange Service Arven Services, LLC Atlas World Group International ATS Specialized, Inc. Avis Budget Group Baggett Transportation Company BCD Travel Beltway Transportation Service Benchmarking Partners, Inc. Bolloré Logistics BWH Hotel Group C.L. Services, Inc. Circle Logistics, LLC CIT Signature Transportation Coachman Luxury Transport Coleman Worldwide Moving Cornerstone Systems, Inc. Council for Logistics Research Cypress International, Inc. Dash Point Distributing, LLC Delta Air Lines Drury Hotels LLC Duluth Travel, Inc. (DTI) EASE Logistics EMO Trans, Inc. Ernst & Young Estes Forwarding Worldwide, LLC Eurpac Evanhoe & Associates, Inc. Excl Hospitality – Suburban Suites/ MainStay Suites REGIONAL PATRONS ACME Truck Line, Inc. Agile Defense, Inc. Amyx C5T Corporation CakeBoxx Containers CarrierDrive LLC Cartwright International Columbia Helicopters, Inc. Dalko Resources, Inc. DGC International

Eyre Bus Service, Inc. FlightSafety International GeoDecisions Global Secure Shipping Green Valley Transportation Corp. Guidehouse Hertz Corporation Hilton Worldwide Hyatt Hotels IHG Army Hotels Intermodal Association of North America (IANA) Intermodal Logistics Consulting Inc. International Association of Movers International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA), AFL-CIO Interstate Moving | Relocation | Logistics K&L Trailer Sales and Leasing Keystone Shipping Co. KROWN1 FZC Langham Logistics, Inc. LMI Longbow Advantage Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Association Martin Logistics Incorporated MatchTruckers, Inc. Mayflower Transit McCollister’s Global Services, Inc. Mento LLC Mercer Transportation Company mLINQS National Charter Bus National Industries for the Blind (NIB) National Motor Freight Traffic Association, Inc. National Van Lines, Inc. Nika Corporate Housing Northern Air Cargo, LLC Northern Neck Transfer Inc. Omega World Travel Omnitracs, LLC One Network Enterprises, Inc. ORBCOMM PD Systems, Inc. Perfect Logistics, LLC Perimeter Global Logistics (PGL) Pilot Freight Services PODS Enterprises LLC

Enterprise Management Systems HLI Government Services JAS Forwarding John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences Kalitta Charters, LLC Lineage Logistics LMJ International Logistics, LLC Lynden, Inc. Move One Logistics North Carolina State Ports Authority NovaVision Inc.

Port of Beaumont Port of Corpus Christi Authority Ports America Portus Prestera Trucking, Inc. PTS Worldwide Radiant Global Logistics Radisson Hotel Group Ramar Transportation, Inc. RedStone Logistics RESIDE Worldwide, Inc. Ryzhka International LLC Sabre SAIC Savi SeaCube Containers Seafarers International Union of NA, AGLIW SecureSystem US, Inc. SEKO Logistics Sixt rent a car LLC Solerity SSA Marine StarForce National Corporation Stevens Global Logistics, Inc. Swan Transportation Services The Cheney Company The Margarthe Group, LLC The Roosevelt Group TMM, Inc. Toll Group Trailer Bridge Transportation Intermediaries Assn. (TIA) Transport Investments, Inc. Travelport Triman Industries Inc. Trusted Internet, LLC TTX Company Tucker Company Worldwide, Inc. U.S .Premier Locations United Airlines United Van Lines, Inc. UPS Women In Trucking Association, Inc. World Fuel Services – Defense Solutions Yellow Corporation

Overdrive Logistics, Inc. Patriot Contract Services, LLC PITT OHIO Port Canaveral Port of Port Arthur Port of San Diego Priority Worldwide Seatac Marine Services TechGuard Security Trans Global Logistics Europe GmbH

UNIVERSITIES Critical Infrastructure Resilience Institute – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign McKendree University| | 29

Cont’d from Cybersecurity pg. 27 As one of the participants from a multibillion dollar transportation partner said in the debrief after the close of the Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee meeting: “University partnerships would be a huge help for our smaller suppliers who lack the resources for someone to facilitate them through the NIST frameworks. These higher ed students won’t have an understanding of each business, but they could be trained to hold the small business leader’s hand as a practical step towards completion of NIST-based assessments. The students could be trained to: • introduce the concepts, • do a basic assessment, and • point the small business in the right direction to make improvements.” For example, MIT and Harvard contributed $80 million along with leading colleges and universities across the US to

Cont’d from Pres. Corner pg. 11 The other hot topic at the Fall Meeting was the recent evacuation out of Afghanistan. In terms of scale, Operation Allies Refuge was the largest Non-combatant Evacuation Operation in history, with over 124,000 people being evacuated under chaotic circumstances as the Taliban captured the city of Kabul. The C-17 crews who flew citizens from Afghanistan to many intermediate countries out of harm’s way are truly heroes—fitting to be remembered as I write this on Veteran’s Day—November 11, 2021. We all salute USTRANSCOM, Air Mobility Command, and US Central Command. Likewise, we salute the US-flagged commercial air industry who were activated to duty under the Civil Reserve Air Fleet to augment US mobility capacity for only the third time in history. Well done! The COVID pandemic has impacted everyone and because it has, communication with our government representatives and Industry members has been imperative. Those in industry have conveyed the challenges they have faced to DOD, the Department of Transportation, and Department of Homeland Security through NDTA and by other means. The passenger travel sector has been the most severely impacted due to the near complete drop off in business. Now, 30

| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021

create Open edX as a standard to improve the access, quality, and cost of nationwide upskilling with extensive coverage on cybersecurity & supply chain. Participating

colleges range from local colleges to large research universities (e.g., Georgia Tech, Caltech, University of Chicago, Rochester Institute of Technology, University of Texas System, Arizona State, University of

Maryland System, UC Berkeley, UC San Diego, University of Washington, Indiana University, Notre Dame, Penn, Cornell, Columbia, Brown, Princeton, Dartmouth, Rice, NYU, Stanford, and University of Michigan). Today, edX reaches 40 million learners worldwide and has received an additional $800 million from private investment to strengthen the open source efforts. Despite those accomplishments, Open edX has yet to be fully engaged in cyber-readiness upskilling with NIST and the DOD’s Joint Deployment and Distribution Enterprise, let alone the 300,000 DIB members or firms making up the 16 critical infrastructures that support the DIB. Since the Committee was originally organized after 9/11, no year’s priorities have been more urgent. The Cybersecurity Best Practices Committee commits to Gen Van Ovost’s charge and to a public-private sector partnership that is more cyber-ready and less cyber-reactive. DTJ

coming out of the pandemic, ramping the economy is a challenge as logistics capacity struggles to accelerate at the pace of demand. Rising supply chain costs are pressuring inflation. During these challenges, NDTA’s industry members continue to be engaged to bring capacity, efficiency and know-how, into a complex global economy. I especially want to recognize our worldclass Committee Chairs: Randy Martinez (Air), Jim Henry (Sealift), Mike Cashner (Surface), Shiju Zacharia (Logistics and Distribution), Ted Rybeck (Cybersecurity Best Practices), Bryan Scott (Government Passenger Travel Advisory Council), Honorable Alan Estevez (Finance), Kirstin Knott (Education Programs), Garrett McGregor (Young Leaders); and some of our larger Subcommittee Chairs: Kevin Myers (Household Goods), Ernest Bezdek (Ports), Theresa Lorinser (Rail); and Frank McDermott (our attorney) for all of their

leadership throughout the year to provide “industry best advice” to the DOD and government. They and others in similar roles are the glue that holds NDTA together. Thank you, Team! Our NDTA outlook for 2022 is very promising. Our Scholarship Foundation Campaign is underway to raise awareness and funds so we can increase the number and dollar value of scholarships we award each year. Also, we will be implementing a new Association Management System, which will improve our service to our membership. We are revamping our membership benefits program for individual members and we are planning face-to-face meetings for GovTravels (February/March), the Surface Force Projection Conference (May), and the 2022 Fall Meeting (October in St. Louis). Please reach out to me directly if I can be of any assistance! DTJ

“We wouldn’t be nearly as competitive and up to date without the support of our local chamber of commerce and our partnership with local higher ed institutions.” — Small Business CEO & DIB member

DTJ INDEX OF ADVERTISERS American President Lines, Ltd.......................31 American Roll-on Roll-off Carrier (ARC)...........2 Bennett Motor Express, LLC............................4 Cervello Global Corporation...........................13 Crowley Logistics, Inc.....................................8 CWTSatoTravel.............................................11 Duluth Travel Inc.............................................3 FedEx Government Services..........................32

Lamar University...........................................19 Landstar Transportation Logistics, Inc.............7 Maersk Line, Limited......................................6 Matson Navigation Company Inc.....................5 Microsoft Federal..........................................21 Sea Cube Containers....................................17 Transportation Institute.................................23 |


Thank you for your courage We thank the men and women in uniform who sacrifice for our country and display bravery daily. It’s an honor to serve them in any way we can — around the world.


| Defense Transportation Journal | DECEMBER 2021