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Introduct

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20

October 2012, ` 30 www.emkerala.com

tXmakv tPmÀPv ap¯qäv ap¯qäv ]m¸-¨³ {Kq¸v Ub-d-IvSÀ

RNI No 115185 KERMAL/2012/42628

Registered No: KL/KTM/674/2012-14

aÄ«n-{_m³Uv dos«-bven Scan & read more

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dm^n ta¯À


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EDITORIAL

Volume 1 Issue 7 | October 2012 Editor Ravi Deecee Associate Editor Head - Business T N Shaji M Kumar Assistant Editor ADVT SALES Dipin Damodharan Sr Managers Sr Reporters Kainakari Shibu Lakshmi Narayanan Rajasree Varma Prashob K P Anu P M T P Prasanth Biju P Alex K S Syam Kumar Coordinating Editor (Response) Managers Sumithra Sathyan Febin K Francis Bipin Kumar V S Reporters Sumitha K MARKETING Sujeesh K S (TVM) Sr Manager Neethu Mohan Sabu Varghese Mathew Tony William Assistant Managers Design & Layout Priya P A Anil P John Mobin E Mathew Kailasnath Circulation Athul P M Sone Varghese Business Office - India DC MEDIA , DC Books Pvt Ltd, No 387, Ist Cross 4th Block, 80 Feet Road Koramangala, Bengaluru – 560034, India Editorial Office DC MEDIA , DC Books Pvt Ltd, 234/C, Adjacent to YMCA, Chittoor Road, Cochin – 35, Kerala, India Contact Ph: +91 484 3047 405, Fax: +91 484 4021 145 Mail: editorial@dcmedia.in, info@dcmedia.in

www.emkerala.com e-magazine: www.fkonline.in Published from DC Books Pvt Ltd, D C Kizhakemuri Edam, Good Shepherd Street, Kottayam – 686001, Kerala, India and printed at S.T.Reddiar & Sons (EKM) for DC Press Pvt. Ltd., Industrial development Area, Poovanthuruth, Kottayam – 686012, Kerala, India. Printed, published & owned by Ravi Deecee

DC Media Publication

4

\h km¼-¯nI \b-§Ä NXn-¡p-gn-IfmI-cpXv tI cfw \nt£] kulrZ kwØm-\-am-sW¶v temI-s¯ t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯p-hm\pw hntZi \nt£-]w- B-IÀjn-¡p-hm-\pambn sIm¨n-bn kwL-Sn-¸n¨ FaÀPnMv tIcf \n

t£-]I kwKaw h³ hnP-b-ambncp¶p-sh-¶mWv kwLm-S-IÀ Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. XnI¨pw cmjv{Sob Imc-W-§-fm {]Xn-]£w ]qÀ®-ambpw hn«p-\n-¶Xv Ah-cpsS Bthiw sXÃpw sISp-¯p-¶nÃ. F¶m "FaÀPnMv tIcf' sIm¨n-bn \S-¶p-sIm≠ncn¡pt¼mgmWv cmPys¯ _lp`q-cn-]£w hcp¶ km[m-cW P\-§Ä¡v Xncn-¨-Sn-bm-tb-¡m-hp¶ Uok hne-hÀ²\, ]m N-I-hm-XI knen-≠dp-I-fpsS k_vknUn sh«n-¡p-d-bv¡Â XpS-§nb \S-]-Sn-IÄ tI{µkÀ¡mÀ kzoI-cn-¨-Xv. XpSÀ¶v "FaÀPnMv tIcf' Ah-km-\n-¨Xnsâ ASp¯Znhkw Xs¶ tIc-f-¯n lÀ¯mepw Ac-t§dn. tI{µkÀ¡mÀ Hcp]SnIqSn IS¶v ]pXnb km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-c-W-§Ä {]Jym-]n-¨Xv kÀ¡m-cnsâ \ne-\n¸n-s\t¸mepw _m[n-¡p¶ Xc-¯n Imcy-§Ä sIm≠psNs¶¯n¨p. NnÃd hym]mc taJ-e-bn hntZi \nt£]w A\p-hZn-¡m-\p-Å Xocp-am-\w- cmPy¯v F´p Xcw {]Xym-Lm-X-§-fmWv D≠m¡m³ t]mIp-¶-sX¶v ]£-]m-X-c-ln-X-ambn hne-bn-cp-¯-pIbpw AXn-\-\p-k-cn¨v \b-cq-]o-I-cWw \S-t¯-≠Xp-w A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. Gähpw ]pXnb IW-¡p-IÄ{]Imcw cmPys¯ B`y´c D¸m-Z\¯nsâ 33 apX 35% hsc dos«bv taJ-e-bn- \n¶p-Å-XmWv. Ignª aq¶phÀj-§fmbn 46 iX-am-\amWv Cu taJ-ebnse hfÀ¨m-\n-c-¡v. C´y-bnse dos«bv taJe temI-¯nse Xs¶ Gähpw henb A©v dos«bv hn]-Wn-I-fn-sem-¶m-Wv. am{X-a-Ã, sam¯w sXmgn-em-fn-Ifn Ggp iX-am\w Cu taJ-e-bn-emWv tPmensb-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv. dos«bv cwK¯v 97% hym]m-c-hpw \S-¡p-¶Xv Akw-L-SnX taJ-e-bn-em-Wv. AXp-sIm≠pXs¶ BtKm-f`o-a³am-cmb hmÄamÀ«v, ImÀt^mÀ, sat{Sm, sSkvtIm, tlmw- Unt¸m XpS-§nb I¼-\n-I-f-p sS IS-¶p-I-bäw Akw-L-SnX taJ-esb XIÀ¡pw F¶ hmZ-¯n Ig-¼n-Ãm-Xn-Ã. Cu \S-]-Snsb ]n´p-W-bv¡p-¶hÀ Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sp-¶Xv sXmgn-e-h-k-c§Ä hÀ²n-¡psa¶pw \ntXym-]-tbmK km[-\-§-fpsS hne Ipd-bp-sa¶pw \qX\ kmt¦-XnI hnZy-I-fpsS ssIam-ä-¯n-eqsS C´y³ km¼-¯nI cwK¯v ]p¯-\p-WÀÆp≠mIpsa-¶p-w aäpam-Wv. F´m-bmepw Xocp-am-\-saSp-¡m-\pÅ Ah-Im-iw kwØm-\-§Ä¡v \ÂIn-s¡m≠mWv tI{µ kÀ¡mÀ ]cn-jvI-cW \S]Sn-IÄ {]Jym]n-¨-Xv. tIc-f-¯n Hcp Imc-W-h-imepw CX-\p-h-Zn-¡n-söv apJy-a{´n D½³ Nm≠n Ak-¶n-KvZ-ambn {]Jym-]n-¨p-I-gn-ªp. F¦nepw `mhn-bn kwØm-\-¯nsâ Xocp-am\w amdn-¡q-Sm-bvI-bn-Ã. Cusbmcp ]Ým-¯-e-¯n NnÃd hym]mc cwK¯v hntZi \nt£]w A\p-h-Zn-¨-XneqsS cmPy-¯p≠mIm³ t]mIp¶ amä-§Ä hne-bn-cp¯p¶Xv Gsd {]k-à-am-Wv. Zo] Iv Akzm-\n, sI F³ aÀkq¡v, Sn \kdp±o³, kn N{µ-tam-l³, sI hnt\mZv \mcm-b-W³ F¶n-h-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-§Ä t{ImUo-I-cn¨p sIm≠v Cu \S-]-Sn-bpsS KpW, tZmj hnNn´\w \S-¯p-hm-\mWv FaÀPnMv tIcf DZy-an-¡p-¶Xv. km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-c-W-§Ä, AXv GXpXc-¯n-ep-Å-Xm-bmepw km[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡v KpW-I-c-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. hym]m-c-¯n-\m-bmWv CuÌv C´ym I¼\n C´y-bn-se-¯n-bXv, HSp-hn cmPyw Xs¶ Ah-cpsS ssI¸n-Sn-bn-sem-Xp-§n. Ncn{Xw ad¶psIm≠pw NXn-¡pgn-IÄ I≠nsöp \Sn¨pw _lp-`q-cn]£w hcp¶ km[m-cW¡m-cpsS Xm¸-cy-§Ä¡v hncp-²-ambpw km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-c-W-§Ä \S-¸n-em-¡p-¶-h-cpsS Øm\w Ncn-{X-¯nsâ NhäpIp«-bn-em-bn-cn¡pw F¶v HmÀ¡p-¶Xv \¶m-bn-cn-¡pw.


C

NTENTS

COVER STORY NnÃd hym]mc taJ-ebn hntZi \nt£]w A\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶-Xn \n¶v tIc-f-¯n\v amdn\n¡m³ km[n¡ptam? {]tXy-In¨pw temIw Hcp BtKmf {Kma (Global Village) ambn Npcp-§n-s¡m-≠n-cn-¡pt¼mÄ

aÄ«n-{_m³Uv

dos«-bvenÂ

09 17 45 40

]cn-jvI-c-W-§Ä¡v Hcp-s¼«v a³tam-l\pw kwLhpw

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{]Xo-£

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A Van full of life

ss_Pp F³ \mbÀ

18 tem-Pn-kv-än-Ivkpw

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tIc-f-¯n "A\n-a skIvkv ' hym]-I-am-Ip¶p

47 34 36

Adp-]-Xnsâ \nd-hn Idâv _pIvkv

Xncn-¨p-h-c-hnsâ ]mX-bnÂ

10

Zv hyhØ

sk]väw-_-dn FaÀPv sNbvXXv Fs´-¶mÂ...

S P E C I A L S T O R Y

29 28 30 33

tIc-f-¯nse kv{XoIÄ t_mÄUv BIWw sjdn³ kmw

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dnb FtÌäv

dm^n ta¯À

Ah-K-W-\-IÄ¡n-S-bn I©n-t¡mSv C³U-kv{Sn-b Gcnb

39

IÌ-aÀ Unsse-än-te¡v

41

amt\-Pvsaâv hnZym-`ymkw: Agn-¨p-]Wn A\n-hmcyw

FÂtZm s_©-an³, \nt¸m¬ sSmtbm«

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amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ, F¨vFwSn sajo³ SqÄkv enan-äUv

kmaq-ly-hn-I-k\w Dd-¸m¡n sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw

Big Hope 14

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SIV

LU EXC

tI-c-f-¯n- \S-¸nem¡m³ D-t±in-¡p-¶ {][m\ ]-²-Xn-I-sf-¡pdn¨pw hy-hkm-b, km-¼¯nI cwK§fn Cu \m-Sn-sâ amdn-b Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sp-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw FwsI {Kq-¸v am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ Fw-F bq-k-^-en F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv kw-km-cn-¡p¶p

5


sIm¨nsb s{]mtam«v sNbvtXm-fq, ]t£... F aÀPnMv tIcf ]£-]m-XnXzw CÃmsX {] hÀ¯n¡pw F¶ hmKvZm\w hniz-kn-¡p-¶p. Unkn-

bpsS X\Xmb ssien-bn thWw {]hÀ¯\w apt¶m-«psIm-≠p-t]m-Im³. tNÀ¯e apX ] d-hqÀh-scbpw s]cp-¼m-hqÀ apX ssh¸n³ hscbpw am{Xw ImWm-\p-ff Hcp "kn\n-am-\n-e-hmcw' If-b-Ww. A¯cw teJ-Isc Hgn-hm-¡-Ww. hnI-k-\-e-£y-§fn Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c-s¯bpw sImÃ-s¯bpw ]¯-\wXn-«-sbbpw Be-¸p-g-sbbpw DÄs¸-Sp-¯Ww. AhnS§fnse hnI-k-\-km-[y-X-IÄ A\m-h-cWw sN¿-Ww. sIm¨nsb hmt\mfw s{]mtam«v sNbvtXm-fq, ]t£ aäv {]mtZ-inI hnI-k-\-kz-]v\-§sf XÃn-s¡m-gn-¡-cp-Xv. tSman hÀKo-kv, sset{_-dn-b³, loc tImsfPv Hm^v F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv & sSIvt\m-fPn s\Sp-a-§mSv

Fkvkn, FkvSn hn`m-K-§Ä Ct¸mgpw ]n¶m-¡m-h-Ø-bn Xs¶ FaÀPnMv tIcf amkn-I-bpsS Ignª e¡w (sk ]väw-_À) hmbn¨p. Unkn _pIvkv t]mep-sÅmcp {] Øm-\-¯nsâ \nb-{´-W-¯n-ep-ff Hcp amkn-I-bn Hcn-¡epw {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡-s¸-Sm³ ]mSn-Ãm¯Xm-bn-cp¶p "\nÀ¯mw kwh-c-W-sa¶ tImam-fn-¯cw' F¶ Xe-s¡-«n h¶ teJ-\w. kzmX{´yw e`n¨v 60 hÀj§Ä¡v tijhpw Fkvkn-, -FkvSn hn`mK-§-fn s]«-hÀ hfsc ]n¶m¡ kml-N-cy-§-fn Xs¶-bmWv Pohn-¡p-¶-Xv. Fw Fkv cmtJjv IrjvW³, ]c-¸-\-§m-Sn, ae-¸pdw

]£-]m-Xn-Xz-an-Ãm¯ teJ\w Ignª e¡w FaÀPnMv tIcf amkn-I-bn {]kn²o-I-cn¨ "\nÀ¯mw kwh-c-W-sa¶ tImam-fn-¯cw' F¶ teJ\w XoÀ¯pw Imtem-Nn-Xambn. {]oW-\-\-b§Ä ]n´p-S-cm³ am[y-a-§Ä aÕ-cn-¡p¶ C¡m-e¯v hkvXp-X-IÄ¡-\p-kr-X-ambn C¯-c-samcp teJ\w {] kn-²o-I-cn-¡m³ ss[cyw ImWn¨ FaÀPnMv tIc-fbpw Unkn _pIvkpw A`n-\-µ\w AÀln-¡p-¶p. kÀ¡mÀ kÀho-kp-I-fn sadn-äp-f-f-hs\ ]n´-f-fn, Fkv kn, Fkv Sn¡mÀ¡v am{Xw Øm\-¡-bäw \ÂIp-¶-Xnsâ bpàn Fs´¶v P\-§sf t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯m³ {][m-\a{´n a³tam-l³ knwKv Xbm-dm-IWw AÀPp³, ImkÀtKmUv

hn`hkar²w "FaÀPnMv tIcf' kvs]j FaÀPnMv tIcf BtKmf \nt£]I kwK-a-t¯m-S-\p_-Ôn-¨p-ff FaÀPnMv tIcf amkn-I-bpsS {]tXyI ] Xn¸v hf-sc-b-[nIw hn`-h-k-ar-²-am-bn. kmw ]nt{SmU-bp-sSbpw jm^n ta¯-dn-sâbpw teJ-\hpw No^v sk{I-«-dnbpw [nj-Wm-im-en-bp-amb sI Pb-Ip-am-dpambp-ff A`n-ap-J-hp-saÃmw anI¨p \n¶p. tIcf hnI-k\-¯n\pX-Ip¶ \nÀtZ-i-§Ä C{X-b-[nIw B[n-Imcn-I-X-tbmsS Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡m³ FaÀPnMv tIc-fbv¡v km[n-¨p-sh-¶Xv XoÀ¯pw A`n-\-µ-\o-b-am-Wv. BâWn, sImÃw

Df-f-S-¡-¯n hyXy-kvXX XnI¨pw B[n-Im-cn-Iamb teJ-\-§-tfmSv IqSnbmWv FaÀPnMv tIcf-bpsS Hmtcm e¡hpw ]pd-¯n-d-§p-¶Xv. ae-bm-f {]kn-²o-I-c-W-§Ä¡n-S-bn ]pXn-sbmcp CS-amWv Df-f-S-¡-¯n hyXy-kvXX ]peÀ¯p¶ FaÀPnMv tIcf t\Snbncn-¡p-¶-Xv. Df-f-S-¡-¯n ]peÀ¯p¶ D¶X\ne-hmcw XpScp-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶p. tPmÀPv tXma-kv, Be-¸pg

\n§Ä¡pw A`n-{]m-b-a-dn-bn¡mw

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6


7


cmjv{Sobw

`c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ km[m-c-W-¡msc t]mse Pohn-Xw \bn-¡p¶ cmjv{S¯n ]uc³amÀ cmPm-¡³amcpsS \ne-hm-c-¯n {]hÀ¯n-¡pw. `c-Wm[n-Im-cn-IÄ cmPm-¡³amsc t]mse Pohn-¡p¶ cmjv{S-§-fn-em-Is« ]u c³amÀ `n£m-S-I³amsc t]mse-bm-bn-cn¡pw Imcy-§Ä sN¿p-I. BNmcy hnjvWp-Kp-]vX³

C´y-sb¶Xv Hcp atX-Xc cmjv{S-am-sW¶ Xncn-¨-dn-hnte¡v _nsP]n DW-tc-≠-Xp-≠v. Hcn-¡epw Hcp hÀKob {]Xy-b-im-kv{Xs¯ Cu cmPyw DÄs¡m-f-fnà tcWpI Nu[-cn, tIm¬{Kkv hàmhv cmlp (cm-lp KmÔn) Ft¸mgpw Nn´n-¡pIbpw Imcy§Ä hni-I-e\w sN¿p-Ibpw ]pXnb Imcy-§Ä ]Tn-¨p-sIm-≠p-an-cn-¡pw. Hcp hyàn-sb¶ \ne-bn F\n¡v cmlp-ens\ hfsc CjvS-am-Wv. F¶m hfsc {]bm-k-ta-dnb Ime-amWv cmlp-en\v ap¶n-ep-f-fXv kmw ]nt{Sm-U, sNbÀam³, F³-sFkn

"kap-Zm-b-t¯-¡mÄ {][m\w kaqlw' YOUNG LEADER

Agn-aXn hncp² apt¶-äs¯ ZpÀ_-e-s¸-Sp-¯n-bXv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n cq]o-I-cn-¡-W-sa¶v iTn¨ Ac-hnµv sI{Pn-hm-fns\ t]mep-f-f-h-cpsS {ia-§-fm-Wv. Fsâ Xm¸-cy-¯n-s\-Xn-cm-bmWv cmjv{So-b-¯n-te¡n-d-§-Wsa-¶ Xocp-am\w sI{Pn-hmÄ ssIsIm-≠Xv A® lkmsc, Agn-aXnhncp² \mb-I³ A¨-S-¡hpw GI-Xbpw ]peÀ¯n Agn-a-Xn-s¡-Xnsc t]mcm-Sm-\p-ff {ia-§Ä \S-¯n-bm am{Xta tIm¬{Kkns\ ]pd-¯m¡n ASp¯ Xnc-sª-Sp-¸n A[n-Imcw ]nSn-¡m³ _nsP-]n¡v Ign-bq. em IrjvW AZzm-\n, _nsP]n t\Xmhv ]m¡n-Øm-\nse Xo{h-hmZ taJ-e-I-fn Ata-cn¡ \S¯p¶ t{Um¬ B{I-a-W-§Ä¡v R§Ä FXn-c-Ã. F¶m AXv XoÀ¯pw \nb-a-]-c-am-bn-cn-¡Ww ln\m dºm\n JÀ, ]m¡n-Øm³ hntZ-i-Imcy a{´n

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""hÀ¤o-b-X-bnepw Agna-Xn-bnepw De-bp¶ tIc-f-k-aq-ls¯ amänsb-Sp-¡m³ {Inbm-ßI cmjv{So-b-¯n\p am{Xta Ign-bq. CXn\v ap¶n-«n-dt§≠Xv bph-P\ kwLS-\-I-fmWv,'' Ago-t¡mSv FwFÂ-Fbpw apÉow bq¯v eoKv {]kn-Uâpamb sI Fw jmPn FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bv¡\p-h-Zn¨ A`n-ap-J-¯n hyà-am-¡p¶p e£van \mcm-bW³

tI cf kaq-l-¯n bph-P-\-kwL-S-\-b-psS {]kàn?

tIc-f-¯-nsâ bphXzw AXnk¦oÀ®am bn hÀKo-b-h-¡-c-n-¡-s¸-«psIm≠ncn ¡p-I-bm-Wv. sNdp-¸-¡m-cnse Xo{h-amb sshIm-cn-I-Xsb cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄ aX-¯nsâ t]cn NqjWw sN¿p-I-bmWv. kaq-l-¯n C¶v \ne-\n¡p¶ aqey-Nyq-Xn-¡pÅ {][m\ Imc-Whpw hÀKo-bX Xs¶-bm-Wv. s]mXptkh\¯nsâ t]cn- \S-¯p¶ hÀKo-b-þXo{h-hmZ {]hÀ¯-\-§-sf sNdp-¡p-hm³ ^e-{]-Z-amb kwL-SnX apt¶-ä-§Ä D≠mtI≠Xv sNdp-¸¡mÀ¡nS-bn \n¶p-am-Wv. NnX-dn-¡nS-¡p¶ bph kaq-ls¯ C¯cw {] hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡mbn Hcp IpS-¡o-gn sIm≠phcnI F¶-XmWv bph-P-\ -kwL-S-\-IÄ sNt¿≠Xv. AXn-\m  Xs¶ hÀ¤o-b-X-bnÂ\n¶pw thÀs¸Sp¯n k·mÀKnI XXz-§-fn A[n-jvTn-X-amb Hcp tIc-fob kaqls¯ hmÀs¯-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\v bph-P\ kwL-S-\-IÄ A\n-hm-cy-amWv. hÀKo-b-Xbv-s¡-Xn-sc-bpÅ t]mcm-«-

§-fn bph-P-\-kw-L-S-\-IÄ F´p \b-amWv kzoI-cn-t¡≠Xv? cmPy-kvt\-lw, am\p-jn-I-X, atXX-cXzw F¶o aqey-§Ä kaq-l-¯n DbÀ¯n-¸nSn¨psIm≠mhWw hÀKobX-bvs-¡Xnsc-bpÅ t]mcm«w. AtXmsSm¸w hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§sf hÀKo-b-h-¡-cn-¡p¶ aX -am-t\-PvsaâpIsf Hä-s¸-Sp-¯-Ww. Xnc-sª-Sp¸v cmjv{So-bw am{Xw ap³\nÀ¯n, thm«n-c¡p¶ Xo{h-hm-Z, hÀKo-b-hm-Z cmjv{So-b¡m-scbpw cmjv{Sob kwL-S-\-I-sfbpw Hä-s¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m≠mhWw bph-P\ kwL-S-\-IÄ hÀ¤o-b-Xbv-s¡-Xnsc {] hÀ¯n-t¡≠Xv. bphm-¡sf F{]-Imcw {In-bmß-I cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯-\-¯n ]¦m-fn-Ifm¡mw? cmjv{So-bs¯¡pdn¨v bphm-¡Ä¡nS-bn-epÅ sXän-²m-cW amän-sb-Sp-¡pI-bmWv BZyw sNt¿≠Xv. \ne-hnÂ, cmjv{Sobw Hcp tamiw sXmgn-em-sW¶ [mcW \½psS bphm-¡Ä¡n-S-bn-ep≠v. cmjv{So-b-¡mÀ¡n-S-bn-epÅ Agn-a-Xnbpw kzP\]£-]m-X-hp-saÃmw AXn-\v ImcW§fmWv. cmjv{Sobw Hcp s{]m^-j -W-Ã, adn¨v kmaq-lnI tkh\w sN¿m\pÅ {]hÀ¯\aWvUew am{Xam-sW¶v bphm-¡Ä a\-Ên-em-¡-Ww. Cu hkvXpX a\-Ên-em-¡n cmPys¯ tUmIvSÀamÀ, F³Pn-\o-bÀamÀ, h¡oe-·mÀ XpS-§nb hnZymk¼¶cmb Bfp-IÄ cmjv{So-b-¯n ap³\ncbnte¡p hc-Ww. ]mÂ, ]{Xw XpS§n \ ap¡v Npäp-ap-Å Hmtcm Imcy-¯nepw cmjv{So-b-aps≠¶pw cmjv{So-b-an-ÃmsX \ne-\n¸nà F¶pw bph-P-\-§Ä a\kn-em-¡n-bm {Inbm-ßI cmjv{Sob {] hÀ¯\w \ap¡v \S-¸m-¡m-\m-Ipw. tIc-f-¯nsâ `mhn hnI-k-\-s¯¡pdn¨pÅ ImgvN-¸mSv? ]cn-Øn-Xn-¡n-W-§p-¶Xpw Bhmk hyh-Øbv¡v BLmXw krjvSn-¡m-¯Xp-amb Ct¡m-þ{^≠ven hnI-k-\-¯n\m-Wv Rm³ ap³Xq¡w \ÂIp-¶-Xv. AXp-t]mse¯s¶ ImÀjnI kwØm\-sa-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ tIcfw `£y kzbw]-cym-]vXX ssIh-cn-¨p-sIm≠v FÃm AÀ°-¯nepw B t]cv A\zÀ°-am-¡Ww. `q{]-Ir-Xn, P\-]n-´pW XpS-§nb Nne {]Xn-Iqe kml-N-cy§fps≠¦n epw "FaÀPnMv tIcf' \nt£]I kwKas¯ hfsc {]Xo-£-tbm-sS-bmWv Rm³ t\m¡n-¡m-Wp-¶Xv. CXn-eqsS tIc-f-¯nse \nt£] km²y-X-IÄ ]qÀ®-ambpw hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m-\m-Ip-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶p. bq¯v eoKnsâ `mhn {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä? ]£-]m-XnXzw IqSm-sX kaq-l¯nse Hmtcm P\-hn-`m-K-¯n\pw AÀlX-s¸-«-Xv P\m-[n-]Xy `c-W-¯n-eqsS t\Sn-sb-Sp-¡m³ {]m]vX-cmb Hcp bph cmjv{Sob kaq-ls¯ hfÀ¯pI F¶XmWv bq¯v eoKnsâ F¡m-e-s¯bpw e£yw. kap-Zm-b-¯n\p ap³K-W\ \ ÂImsX kaq-l-¯n\p ap³K-W\ \ ÂIp¶ bph t\Xm-¡sf hcpw Ime-§fnepw bq¯v eoKn \n¶pw {]Xo-£n¡mw.


~

v « ¼ s p Hc

w p h L w -l\pw k

a³tam

Ä -än-t\-¡m 20 cq] ¡ m d t v w -ä-¯n\ Znhk hne-¡-bc\v Pohn-¡m-³ nwKv AephmS s p f m[-\§ ¡v ´y¡m t≠Iv k Ah-iy-kp-ff Ime¯v C{]Jym-]n¨ sam ImSn-I-fpsS IW-]n-Sn¨v, thK-X-b [n-I-amsW¶v n-¡YIfnse t -c-s¯bpw Iq«p Ú-\m Xs¶ Abpw 2Pn Agn-a-X \-a{´n NnZw-_n¨v XoÀ¯pw A ]cnen-bsb I«v ioe-ap-ff [ iv\-§sf Ipd p¶ km¼-¯nI am{Xw t psS bYmÀ° {]c-ambn' \S¸m¡£n-¡m-\mIpw P\-§f [m-\-a{´n "[om{Xw \mSns\ c b Hcp {]-§Ä¡v F{X-a Zn]n³ Zmtam-Z-c³ jvI-c-W

he Under Achiever, Tragic Failure F-s¶Ãm-amWv C´y³ {] [m-\-a{´n tUm a³tam-l³ knwKns\ hnti-jn-¸n-¡m³ ssSw, hmjnw-KvS¬ t]mÌv XpS-§nb ]mÝmXy am[y-a-§Ä D]-tbmKn¨ ]Z-{]-tbm-K-§Ä. km¼-¯nI cwKs¯ C´y-bpsS \nÀÖo-hm-h-Ø bpw \b-§Ä cq]-s¸Sp-¯p-¶-Xnse kÀ¡m-cnsâ ac-hn-¸p-sa-Ãm-am-bn-cp¶p apX-em-fn-Xz-¯nsâ {]nb -tXm-g-\mb C´y³ {][m-\-a-{´nsb ]mÝm-Xytem-I-¯n\v s]s«¶v A{]n-b-\m¡n XoÀ¯-Xv. temIs¯ Gähpw anI-¨sX¶v hne-bn-cp-¯-s¸-Sp¶ Cu c≠v am[y-a-§-fpsS cq£-hn-aÀi-\-§Ä Ipds¨m-¶p-aà a³tam-l-s\bpw tIm¬{Kkn-s\bpw sh«n-em-¡n-b-Xv. hfÀ¨m-\nc-¡p-I-fnse Gä-¡p-d-¨n-ep-IÄ I≠v a³tam-ls\ ]gn-]-dªv C´y³ t{Km¯v tÌmdn¡v ]e km¼-¯nI _p ²n-Po-hn-Ifpw Nc-a-¡p-dn-s¸-gp-XpIbpw sNbvXp. XpSÀ¨-bmb hnaÀi-\§Ä¡pw ]gn-tIÄ¡-ep-IÄ¡p-samSp-hn DZm-c-h¡-c-W-¯nsâ {] tbm-àm-hmb a³tam-l³ Xncn-¨-Sn-¨p. Ata-cn-¡³ am[y-a-§-fpsS I¿-Sn t\

SnbXn-t\m-sSm¸w C´y³ P\-X-bpsS {]Xn-tj-[hpw Bfn-¡-¯n-¡p¶ Xc¯n km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-c-W-¯n-\mbp-ff Hcp Iq«w Xocp-am-\-§Ä...-NnÃd hym]mc taJ-e-bn t\cn-«p-ff hntZi \nt£]w (F-^vUn-sF), Uok hne hÀ[\, ]mN-I-hm-XI k_vknUn ]cnan-X-s¸-Sp-¯Â, Ghn-tb-j³, t{_mUv Im-ÌnwKv cwK-§-fn hntZi \nt£] ¯nsâ ]cn[n hÀ[n-¸n-¡Â..-]mSm³ Ign-hp-≠m-bn«pw i_vZw \jvS-s¸«v Gsd¡mew ]mSm³ IgnbmsX HSp-hn i_vZw Xncn-¨p-In-«nb ]m«pImc-t\mSmWv ]cn-jvIm-c-§Ä {]Jym-]n¨ DS³ a³tam-ls\ NneÀ hnti-jn-¸n-¨-Xv. C´y³ _nkn-\kv cwKs¯ {]apJ kwL-S-\-I-fmb ^n¡nbpw knsF-sFbp-saÃmw a³tam-ls\ ]mSn-¸p-I-gv¯n. C´y-bn km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-cW-§-fpsS ASp¯ L«-am-Wn-sX¶v _nkn-\kv kaqlw H¶-S¦w ]d-bp-¶p. km¼-¯nI A\n-Ýn-X-Xz-¯n \n ¶pw cmjv{Ss¯ Ic-I-b-äm-\p-ff {ia-¯nsâ XpS-¡-amWv {][m-\-a{´n Ct¸mÄ {]Jym-]n¨ncn-¡p¶ ]cn-jvIc-W-§-sf-¶mWv tIm¬s^-U-td-j³ Hm^v C´y³ C³Ukv{Sn {]kn-Uâ v BZn tKmZvsdPv ]d-ª-Xv. Gsd {]Xnk-Ôn-IÄ¡n-S-bnepw kÀ¡m-cnsâ \n e-\n¸p-Xs¶ Ah-Xm-f-¯n-em-¡p¶

Xc-¯n-ep-ff ]cn-jvI-cW \S-]-Sn-IfmWv a³tam-l³ ssIs¡m-≠-Xv. tIm¬{K-kn-\p-f-fnÂXs¶ Akzmc-ky-§-fp-S-se-Sp-¯p, {]Xn-]£-]mÀ«n-I-fpsS t\Xr-Xz-¯n cmjv{Sw apgp-h\pw {]Xn-tj-[§Ä Ae-bSn-¨p. bp]n-F-bnse {][m\ LS-I-I£n-bm-bn-cp¶ aaXm _m\ÀPn-bpsS XrW-aq tIm¬{Kkv ap¶Wn hn«v t]mbn. F¶m ]n³am-dm³ a³tam-l³ Xbm-d-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p, km¼¯nI ]cn-jvIm-c-§Ä A\n-hm-cy-amsW¶pw AsÃ-¦n cmjv{S-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI ØnXn XI-cp-sa¶pw At±lw P\-§sf t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯m³ {ian¨p. cmjv{Ss¯ A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNbvXp-sIm≠v C´y-bn ]Ww Imbv¡p¶ ac-§-fn-söpw bp]nF ]m h-§-fpsS kÀ¡m-cm-sW¶pw hsc ] d-bm³ At±lw ss[cyw ImWn-¨p. Hcp \nÀWm-bI L«-¯n [ocsa¶v tXm¶n-¡p¶ Cu \S-]-SnI-sf-Sp-¡m³ a³tam-l\v t{]c-I-iànbmbX,v cmjv{Sobþkm-¼-¯nI cwK-§-fn {]mKÂ`yw sXfn-bns¨¶-hIm-i-s¸-Sp¶ aq¶v t]cpsS ià-amb ]n´p-W-bm-bn-cp-¶p-þtI{µ [\-a{´n ]n NnZw-_-cw, \nb-a-Imcy a{´n kÂam³ JpÀjn-Zv, ¹m\nwKv t_mÀUv D]m-[y£³ samt≠Iv knwKv Aep-hm-enb. CXp-hsc Ign-bm-Xn-cp¶ Imcy-§Ä, Ct¸mÄ {]Jym-]n¨ "_nKv _mwKv' ]cnjvI-c-W-§-fn-eqsS \S-¸m-¡m³ a³taml\v Ign-bp-tam-sb¶v I≠-dn-b-Ww. \m gn-I-¡-söv hnti-jn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ Cu Xocp-am\-§Ä bYmÀ°-¯n ]cn-jvIcW§Ä Xs¶-bm-tWm-sb-¶-XmWv ChnsS Db-cp¶ {]k-à-amb tNmZyw. hne-¡-b-ä-¯n\v tdm¡-än-t\-¡mÄ thKX-bp-ff Ime¯v Znhkw 20 cq]bv¡v C´y¡mc\v Pohn-¡m-sa¶v {]Jym-]n¨ samt≠Iv knwKv Aephm-enb-sbbpw 2Pn Agn-a-Xn-¡YIfnse tImSn-I-fpsS IW¡v am{Xw tI«v ioe-ap-ff [\-a{´n NnZw-_-c-s¯bpw Iq«p-]n-Sn¨v P\§fpsS bYmÀ° {]iv\-§sf Ipdn¨v XoÀ¯pw AÚ-\mb Hcp {][m-\-a{´n [oc-ambn \S-¯p¶sX¶-h-Im-i-s¸-Sp¶ ]cn-jvI-c-W-§Ä¡v F{X-am{Xw \mSns\ c£n-¡m-\mIpw. CXmtWm ]cn-jvI-cWw? \ne\n¡p¶ Hcp kwhn-[m\¯nsâ t]mcm-bva-Isf ASn-Øm-\-]c-ambn Xs¶ amän-a-dn-¡m³ Ignbp-¶Xm-bn-cn-¡Ww ]cn-jvI-c-W- \S-]-SnIÄ. cmPy-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI cwKw IqSpX iàn-s¸-Sp¯p-I, `c-W-\nÀhl-Whpw kÀ¡mÀ kÀho-kp-IfpsS tkh-\-§fpw sa¨-s¸-«-Xm-¡p-I, km¼¯nI apt¶-ä-¯n\v Np¡m³ ]nSn-¡p¶ kztZin I¼-\n-IÄ¡pw h³tImÀ¸-tdäv Øm-]\-§Ä¡pw IqSp-X kzbw-`-cWm-h-Imiw \ÂIpI XpS-§nb \nc -h[n Imcy-§Ä C¯cw ]cn-jvI-c-W§-fpsS `mK-amWv. F¶m Ct¸m-Ä {]

Jym-]n¨ ]cn-jvI-c-W-§-tfm? C´ybnse 12 anÃy-Wn-e-[nIw hcp¶ sNdpInS dos«-bveÀamsc XpS¨p\o¡p¶ Xc-¯n-ep-f-fXv, Ata-cn¡ t]mep-ff cmjv{S-§-fn c≠v sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä krjvSn-¨v aq¶v Xt±-iob sXmgn-e-hk-c-§Ä CÃm-Xm-¡p¶ hmÄamÀ«n\v Nph¶ ]c-h-Xm\n hncn-¡p¶ Xc-¯nep-f-fXv, km[m-c-W-¡m-cn km[mc-W-¡msc _m[n-¡p¶ coXn-bn CÔ-\-hne hÀ[n-¸n-¡p¶ Xc-¯n-ep-f-fXv...-P-\-§fpambn bmsXmcp _Ô-hpanÃm-¯, Hcp ]©mb¯v Xnc-sª-Sp-¸n t]mepw aÕ-cn-¨n-«n-Ãm¯ Hcp-t\-Xmhn\v km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-c-W-§Ä \S-¸m-¡m³ Ah-kcw \ÂIn-bm Hcp-]t£ CXn-e-¸p-dhpw kw`-hn-t¨¡mw. ]mÝmXy cmjv{S-§-fn \n ¶papb-cp¶ "\h apX-em-fn¯-' sa¶ ]cm-P-b-s¸« km¼-¯n-I-imkv{X-¯nsâ kn²m-´§sfÃmw thZh-N-\-§-fm-sW¶ anYym-[m-c-W-bn Pohn-¡p¶ t\Xm-¡-fmWv \s½ \ bn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm≠p Xs¶ NmWIysâ km¼-¯nI XXz-imkv{X¯nse `mc-Xo-bX Is≠-¯m\pff BÀPhw ImWn-¡p-¶-Xn\v ]Icw shf-f-¡m-csâ BÚm-\p-hÀ¯n-I-fm-Im-\mWv a³taml³knwKv, NnZw-_cw t{iWn-bn-ep-ff A`n-\h km¼-¯nI _p²n-Po-hn-IÄ¡v Xm¸-cyw. hmÄamÀ«v=Zmcn{Zyw F¶v Atacn-¡-bnse temkv G©Âkv DÄs¸sS-bp-ff \K-c-§-fnse sXcp-hp-I-fn \n¶p-b-cp¶ tcmZ-\-§fpsS Bgw a\-kn-em-¡m³ am{Xw lrZ-b-hn-im-eX a³tam-l-\nsöv IcpXn \ap-¡m-iz-kn¡mw. Xt±-iob sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§-sfbpw kwkvIm-c-s¯bpw Xs¶ \in-¸n¨v \m am-h-ti-j-am¡n¯oÀ¯ hmÄamÀs«¶ dos«bv `oasâ "_nkn-\kv kulrZ' {]hÀ¯\w t\cn-«-dnª P\-X-bmWv C¶v AXn-s\-Xnsc sXcp-hp-I-fn-te-¡nd-§p-¶-Xv. Ata-cn¡ t]mep-ff cmjv{S-§-fn Xncn-¨Sn t\cn-Sp¶ C¯cw Ip¯I Øm]-\-§-fpsS e£yw \ne-\n¸n-\m bn hnI-kzc cmjv{S-§sf B{i-bn-¡pI-sb-¶Xv am{X-am-Wv. AXv \S-¸m-¡p¶-Xm-Is« sImtfm-Wn-bek-¯nsâ XS-h-d-bn Pohn-¡p¶ a³tam-l³ knwKns\ t]mep-ff apX-em-fn-Xz-¯nsâ Ipg-eq-¯p-Imsc D]-tbm-Kn-¨pw. -\ap¡v hnI-kn-¡m³ \½p-tS-Xmb amXr-I-IÄ krjvSn-¡p-I-bmWv th≠-Xv, AÃmsX kÀh-Xn-sâbpw \nb-{´Ww aäp-f-fhÀ¡v ASn-bd sh¡p-I-b-Ã. Agn-aXnbpw kzP-\-]-£-]m-Xhpw cmjv{Sob A]-Iz-Xbpw [qÀ¯-Snbpw kÀ¡mÀ kÀho-kp-I-fnse sISp-Im-cy-Ø-Xbpw If-f-¸-W-hp-saÃmw ImcWw cmjv{S¯nsâ km¼-¯nI cwK-¯n\v kw`hn¨ \jvSw IW-¡m-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶Xn-ep-sa-{Xtbm A[n-I-amWv. CsXÃmw Xncp-¯m-\p-ff ]cn-jvI-cW \S-]-Sn-Isf-Sp-¡s« a³tam-l³, F¶n-«mImw F^vUn-sF.

APPEASEMENT:

inh-tk-\bvs¡Xnsc \nb-a-]-c-amb \S-]-Sn-sb-Sp¡m³ kÀ¡mÀ aSn-¡p-¶-Xns\ Bkv]-Z-am¡n 1969 i¦À hc¨ ImÀ«q¬

9


IhÀ tÌmdn

aÄ«n-{_m³Uv

dos«-bvenÂ

¨ À f h ³ h ³ y ´ n¨v C

£ o X {]

BtKmf bp-saÃm dos«bv `oa³ sd-Sp-¸nÂw C\n C´y³ am-cmb hmÄa AYhm . aÄ«n {_m³ a®n _nkn-\mÀ«pw sSkvtIm U F^vUns b k ¯n- B F A\ v dos«-bven t\ v sh«n-¸n-Sn-¡m pw sat{Smt p h h c Z ni « n-¡m-\p-f p-ff hnt -\p-ff Xbmw sIm≠ apgp-h\ f Z p w nt c {] I n¡ {µ X p-I-bmW n-tj-[-ap ¯nI h kÀ¡m-ci \nt£]w b v nI ¯nI h -k-\-¯nsâ -cp-t¼mgpw F BtKmf I¼-\ nsâ Xocp-am-\ hcp-¶-t nZ-Kv[À. dos«b A\-´-km-[y-X^vUnsF Xpd-¶ n-IÄ. cmjv{Sw XmsS G v -I krjvSn-¡ I-tZiw taJ-e-bn t Ä NÀ¨-sN-¿pp-X-cp¶ km¼dos«bv -s¸-Sp-sa¶v ] 10 anÃy¬ sX \cn-«p-ff hnt -I-bmWv km¼ tIc-f-¯ taJ-e-bn hT-\-§Ä ]d-bp mgn-e-h-k-c-§ÄZi \nt£]w BtKmf n\v amdn\n¡ntZi \nt£]-¶p. Cu kml- cmPy¯v N-c w A\p-h m³ km[ {Kma (Glo -Zn-¡p-¶ y-¯n bal Villag n¡ p t a m e) amb n Npcp-§ ? {]tXy-In¨p -XnÂ\n¶v wt n-s¡m-≠ n-cn-¡p-t¼emIw Hcp mÄ 10

Ø h y h v Z ¼ k

Zn]n³ Zmtam-Zc-- ³

sk ]väw-_À 14 Ncn-{X-Zn-\-ambn tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯-W-sa¶v C´y³ {][m-\-a{´nbpw {]apJ km¼-¯nI hnZ-Kv[-\p-amb

tUm a³tam-l³knwKv B{K-ln-¡p-¶p. C´ybnte¡v IS-¶p-I-bdm³ hÀj-§-fmbn Im¯n-cn-¡p¶ hmÄamÀ«v t]mep-ff BtKmf dos«bv `oa³amÀ¡v A¶m-bn-cp¶p C´y³ hn]-Wn-Isf {Kkn¡m-\p-ff ]¨-s¡mSn tI{µ kÀ¡m-cn \n¶pIn«n-b-Xv. A¶m-bncp¶p Gsd¡mes¯ A\n-ÝnXXz§Äs¡m-Sp-hn Hcp Iq«w ] cn-jvI-cW \S-]-Sn-IÄ C´y-bpsS k¼Zv hyh-Øsb ]p \-cp-Öo-hn-¸n-¡m³ a³tam-l³ kÀ¡mÀ {]Jym-]n-¨-Xv. aÄ«n {_m³Uv dos«bv cwK¯v 51 iX-am\w t\cn-«p-ff hntZi \n t£]w (F-^vUn-sF) A\p-h-Zn-¨Xp Xs¶-bm-bn-cp-¶p CXn Gähpw {][m-\hpw Gsd NÀ¨ sN¿-s¸-«-Xp-amb Xocp-am-\w. sNdp-InS C´y³ dos«-bveÀamÀ XpS-¨p-\o-¡-s¸Sm³ Imc-W-amIp¶ Xocp-am-\-am-Wn-sX¶ cq£-amb hnaÀi-\-§Ä \ne-\n¡p¶p-s≠-¦nepw CXv C´y³ k¼Zvhyh-Øsb ]pXnb Db-c-§-fnse-¯n-¡p-sa-¶mWv s]mXp-sh-bp-ff hne-bn-cp-¯Â. F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn-¡-Wtam th≠tbm F¶ Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-¡m-\p-ff AhImiw kwØm-\-§Ä¡v \ÂIn-bn-«p-s≠-¦nepw tIm¬{Kkv `cn¡p¶XpĸsS 10-e-[nIw kwØm-\-§Ä F^vUnsF kzmKXw


C O V E R

S T O R Y

¬ Ä anÃy-k -c-§ -h

sXmgn-e

NnÃ-d-hn¸-\-cw-Ks¯ F^vUnsF sN¿p-sa¶v hyà-am-¡n-bn-«p-≠v. F¶m tIm¬{Kkv `cn-¡p¶ tIc-f¯n Xocp-am\w \S-¸m-¡n-sömWv apJy-a{´n D½³ Nm≠n Ct¸mÄ ]d-bp-¶sX¦nepw F^vUnsFsb A\p-Iq-en¨v apJy-a{´n tI{µ-¯n\v Is¯-gp-Xn-sb¶ Btcm-]-W-§fpw \ne-\n¡p¶p. F^vUnsF \bs¯ FXnÀ¡p¶ tIc-f-¯nsâ \ne-]m-Sn-s\-Xnsc _nkn-\kv kaqlw cwKs¯-¯n-¡-gn-ªp. NnÃ-d-hym-]mc taJ-e-bn hntZi \nt£]w hcp-¶Xv cmjv{S-¯n\pw P\-§Ä¡pw KpWw sN¿p-tam-sb-¶-XmWv Chn-sS- D-b-cp¶ {][m\ NÀ¨m hnjbw. hnhn[ ]T-\-§-sfbpw Kth-j-W-§-sfbpw A[n-Icn¨v \½psS km¼-¯nI hnZ-Kv[À A`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp-¶Xv hntZi \nt£]w hcp-¶-Xn-eqsS am{Xta C´y-bpsS hfÀ¨ km[y-am-hpI-bp-f-fq-sh-¶mWv. F^vUnsF hcp-¶-Xn-eqsS GI-tZiw 10 anÃy¬ sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä cmjv{S-¯n krjvSn-¡-s¸-Sp-sa-¶ IW-¡p-Ifpw ]pd-¯p-h-¶p-I-gnªp. aq¶v iX-am\w kwL-Sn-Xhpw 97 iX-am\w Akw-L-Sn-X-hp-ambn¡nS¡p¶ C´y³ dos«bv taJe temIs¯ Gähpw thK-¯n hf-cp¶ hn]-Wn-bm-bmWv hne-bn-cp-¯-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. taJ-e-bpsS icm-icn hmÀjnI hfÀ¨m\nc¡v 10-þ12 iX-am-\-am-Wv. t¥m_ dos«bv sUh-e-]vsaâ v C³sUIvkv 2012 A\p-k-cn¨v temI¯v Gähpw thK-X-bn hf-cp¶ dos«bv hn]-Wn-Ifn A©mw Øm\w Ae-¦-cn-¡p¶ C´y¡v hntZi \nt£]w BIÀjn-¡m³ km[n-¡p-¶-tXmsS ap³\n-c-bn-se-¯m³ Ignbpsa-¶pw IW-¡m-¡-s¸-Sp¶p. 450 _nÃy¬ tUmfÀ aqey-ap-ff C´y³ dos«bv hyh-kmbw cmPy¯v Gä-hp-a-[nIw Bfp-IÄ¡v sXmgn \ ÂIp¶ c≠m-as¯ taJ-e-bmWv. C´y³ sXmgn iàn-bpsS Ggv iXam-\hpw dos«bv taJ-e-sb B{i-bn-¨mWv Pohn-¡p-¶-Xv. CXv ASp¯ 10 hÀj-¯n-\p-f-fn 12 anÃy¬ BIp-sa-¶mWv C´y³ Ìm^nwKv s^Utd-jsâ IW-¡p-IÄ ]d-bp-¶-Xv. 2015 HmsS C´y³ dos«bv hn]Wn GXm≠v 700 _nÃy¬ tUmf-dn-tâ-Xm-Ip-sa-¶mWv hnhn[ ]T-\-§Ä \ ÂIp¶ kqN-\. kwL-SnX dos«bv taJ-e-bpsS hmÀjnI hfÀ¨-m \nc ¡m-Is« 15-þ20 iX-am\amWv. GItZiw 15 iX-am-\-t¯mfw cmPy-¯nsâ sam¯w PnUn-]n-bn-te¡v kw`m-h\ sN¿m\pw dos«bv taJ-e-bv¡m-Ip¶p. AXp-sIm≠pXs¶-bmWv ssN\sbbpw Zp_m-bn-sbbpw shÃp-hn-fn¡p¶ Xc-¯nepff dos«bv sUÌn-t\-j-\mbn amdm³ C´y¡v km[n¡p-sa¶v hne-bn-cp-¯-s¸-Sp-¶-Xpw. Cu km[y-X-I-sfÃmw hfsc t\cs¯ ap³Iq-«n-¡-≠mWv Ata-cn-¡-bpsS hmÄamÀ«v, bpsI-bpsS sSkvtIm, PÀa-\n-bpsS sat{Sm, {^m³knsâ ImÀt^mÀ XpS-§nb BtKmf dos«bv `oa³amÀ hÀj-§-Ä¡v apt¼ C´y³ dos«bv hn]-Wnsb I®p-sh¡m³ XpS-§n-b-Xv. C{X-sbÃmw hfÀ¨m km[y-X-Ifpw Ah-k-c-§fpw \ne-\n¡p¶ C´y³ dos«-bv hn]Wnbnte¡v hntZi \nt£-]samgp-In-sb-¯p-¶Xv cmPy-¯nsâ k¼Zv hyh-Øbv¡v ]p¯-\p-WÀhv \ÂIp-sa¶v Xs¶-bmWv {]Xo-£n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v hfsc em`-I-c-amb hnebv¡v D¸-¶-§Ä e`n-¡p-¶-Xn-s\m¸w Xs¶ IÀj-IÀ¡pw anI¨ t\«-ap-≠mIpw. dos«-bveÀamcpw IÀj-Icpw X½n-ep-ff hyh-lm-c-¯n CS-\n-e-¡mÀ Hgn-hm-Ip-¶-tXmSv IqSn IÀj-IÀ¡v Ah-cpsS D¸-¶-§Ä¡v IqSp-X hne e`n-¡pw. ]¨-¡-dn-bpĸ-sS-bp-ff `£y-hkvXp¡Ä icn-bmb tÌmsdPv kwhn-[m-\-§-fn-Ãm-¯-Xn-\m h³tXm-Xn \in-¨p-t]m-Ip-¶Xv h³ dos«bv sNbv\p-I-fpsS hc-thmsS ]cn-l-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-sa¶pw F^vUnsF A\p-Iq-en-IÄ hmZn-¡p-¶p. AtX-k-abw C´y-bnse sNdp-InSþC-S¯cw dos«-bveÀamÀ¡v ap¶n hen-sbmcp hn]Wn Xpd-¡-s¸-Sp-Ibpw kmt¦-XnI hnZy-bn anI¨ t\«-ap-≠m-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. ] W-s¸-cp-¸s¯ \nb-{´n¡p¶sXm-sSm¸w hntZi \nt£-]-sa-¯p-¶Xv Btcm-Ky-I-c-amb aÕcw dos«bv taJ-e-bn krjvSn-¡p-sa¶pw IcpXmw. sNdp-In-S-þ-C-S-¯cw dos«-bveÀamsc hntZi Ip¯-I-IÄ CÃm-Xm¡p-sa¶ Btcm-]-W-¯n Ig-¼n-sÃ-¶mWv F^vUnsF A\p-Iq-en-IÄ ià-ambn hmZn-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu kml-N-cy-¯n tIcfw hntZi \nt£-] s¯ FXnÀ¡p-¶Xv kwØm-\-¯n\v F{X-am{Xw KpWw sN¿p-sa-¶Xpw NÀ¨ sN¿-s¸-tS-≠n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. tIc-f-¯nse hnhn[ _nkn-\kv kwLS-\-I-fpambn _Ô-s¸«v {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ {]ap-JÀ dos«bv taJ-e-bn F^vUnsF \nt£]w hcp-¶-Xnsâ KpW-tZm-j§Ä FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bpambn ]¦p-hbv-¡p-¶p.

hcm-\n-cn-¡p-¶Xv h³Ip-Xn-¸nsâ Ime-w 1991se DZm-c-h¡-c-W-\-b-§Ä cmPy-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI Ncn-{X-¯n Hcp \nÀWm-bI hgn-¯n-cn-hm-bn-cp-¶p. AXnsâ kzm`m-hnI XpSÀ¨-bmbn Xs¶ thWw aÄ«n {_m³Uv dos«-bven F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn¨ tI{µ kÀ¡m-cnsâ Ncn-{X-]-c-amb Xocp-am-\-s¯bpw hne-bn-cp-t¯-≠Xv. CXnsâ ^ew ]qÀ®-ambn D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯-W-sa-¦n kÀ¡mcnsâ `mK¯p-\n¶pw C\nbpw Imcy-amb CS-s]-S A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv

hfsc {] [m-\-s¸« \b-

]-c-amb {] Jym-]-\-am-bncp¶p dos«bv cwK¯v t\ cn-«p-ff hntZi \nt£]w (F^vUn-sF) A \phZn-¨-Xn-eqsS tI{µ-kÀ¡mÀ \S-¯n-b-Xv. \ne-hn B`y´c I¼-\n-IÄ \ne-\n¡p¶ Zo]Iv F Akzm\n C´y³ dos«bv cwKw C\n hntZi \nt£-]-IÀ¡v ap¶n ]pXnb Ah-k-c-§Ä Xpd-¡p-I-bm-Wv. ]pXnb {] Jym-]-\-a-\p-k-cn¨v aÄ«n {_m³Uv dos«bven 51 iX-am\hpw knwKnÄ {_m³Uv dos«-bven 100 iX-am-\hpw t\cn-«p-ff hntZi \nt£-]-¯n\mWv kÀ¡mÀ A\paXn \ÂIn-bncn¡p-¶Xv. F^vUnsF A\ph-Zn-¨-Xn-eqsS C´y³ dos«bv cwKs¯ Im¯n-cn-¡p-¶Xv h³Ip-Xn-¸nsâ Ime-am-Wv. F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn-¡p-¶-Xn Xocp-am\-sa-Sp-¡m-\p-ff Ah-Imiw kwØm\ kÀ¡m-cp-IÄ¡v hn«p-sIm-Sp-¯n-«p-s≠-¦nepw UÂln, alm-cm-jv{S, cmP-Øm³ XpS§n 10-e-[nIw kwØm-\-§Ä hntZi \nt£-]Isc kzmKXw sNbvXp-I-gn-ªp. hmÄamÀ«v, ImÀ-t^mÀ, sSkvtIm XpS-§nb BtKmf dos«bv `oa³amÀ¡v C´y-bn-te¡v IS-¡m\p-ff hmXn-emWv Ct¸mÄ Xpd-¶n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. hmÄamÀ«v t]mep-ff I¼-\n-IÄ C´y³ Øm]-\-§-fp-ambn kl-I-cn¨v Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p-s≠-¦nepw ChÀ¡v t\cn«v Xs¶ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä \S-¯m-\pff Ah-k-c-amWv CXneqsS kwPm-X-am-bn-

cn-¡p-¶-Xv. knwKnÄ {_m³Uv dos«-bven F^vUnsF ]cn[n 100 anÃy¬ tUmf-dmWv, CXn ]IpXn \nt£-]hpw tImÄUv tÌmsdPv sNbv\p-IÄ, shbÀlu-kp-IÄ XpS-§n-b-h-bn-em-bn-cn-¡-Wsa¶ \n_-Ô-\bp-ap-≠v. hntZ-i-I-¼-\n-IÄ \nt£-]-an-d-¡p¶ {] tZ-i-§-fn h³sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§-fm-bn-cn¡pw kÀ¡m-cnsâ ]pXnb Xocp-am-\-¯n-eqsS krjvSn-¡-s¸-Sp-I. A´m-cmjv{S dos«bv I¼-\n-IÄs¡m¸w Xs¶ B`y-´c dos«bveÀamÀ¡pw ZoÀL-Im-em-Sn-Øm-\-¯n anI¨ t\«w sIm¿m-\m-Ipw. km¼-¯nI t\«-§Ä¡-¸pdw amt\-Pvsaâ v, kmt¦-XnI hnZy-I-fpsS ssIam-äw, XpS§n \nc-h[n aäv Imcy-§-fnepw C´y³ I¼-\n-IÄ¡v t\«-ap≠m-¡m-\m-Ipw. dos«-bvenwKv Nc-¡p-I-fpsStbm tkh-\-§-fp-sStbm hn¸-\-sb-bmWv km[m-cW dos«-bvenwKv F¶p-f-f-Xp-sIm-≠p-t±-in-¡p-¶-Xv. GI-tZiw 180 _n��y¬ tUmf-dn-tâ-XmWv C´y-bnse dos«bv hn]-Wn. F«v iX-am\w sXmgn-eh-k-c-§Ä kw`m-h\ sN¿p¶ Cu taJe-bpsS PnUn-]n-bnte-¡p-ff kw`m-h\ 14 iX-am-\-am-Wv. AXn-thKw hfÀ¨ {]m]n¡p¶ a[y-hÀKw \ne-sIm-f-fp¶ C´y temIs¯ Gähpw anI¨ dos«bv sUÌnt\-j-\mbn amdp-sa-¶mWv IW-¡m-¡-s¸-Sp¶-Xv. F¶m C´y-bnse sshhn-[y-amÀ¶ kwkvImcw hntZi \nt£-]-IÀ¡v shÃphn-fn-Ifpw krjvSn-¡p-¶p-≠v. 28 kwØm-\§fpw 70--e-[nIw `mj-I-fp-ap-ff Hcp cmPy¯v {]hÀ¯\w hym]n-¸n-¡p-I-sb-¶Xv ISp¯ shÃp-hnfn Xs¶-bm-Wv. IqSmsX ASn-Øm\ kuI-cy-§fpsS A]-cym-]vXX, IW-Ivänhn-än, sshZ-Kv[y-ap-ff sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS A`mhw XpS-§nb {]iv\-§Ä thsd-bpw. F¦nepw h³ h-fÀ¨m km[y-X-bp-ff hn]Wn-bmbn Xs¶-bmWv C´ysb BtKmf \n t£-]-IÀ ImWp-¶-Xv. CXp-hsc knwKnÄ

11


IhÀ tÌmdn

12

sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§-fn Npcp-§n-bXv 50 iX-am-\-sa-¦nepw \nÀ_-Ô-ambpw {Kmao-W-taJebnse bph-P-\-§Ä¡v Dd-¸m¡p¶ Xc-¯n \S-]-Sn-I-sf-Sp-¡Ww. IqSm-sX, `£yhkvXp-¡fn Hcp \nÝnX iX-am\w ]mh-s¸« IÀjI-cn \n¶pw tiJ-cn-¡p¶Xn\p-ff kwhn-[m-\-§-fp-sam-cp-¡-Ww. sNdp-In-S-þC-S-¯cw kwcw-`-§-fpsS hfÀ¨bpw kÀ¡mÀ Dd-¸m-t¡≠-Xp≠v. h³InS dos«bv `oa³amÀ C¯cw Øm]-\§-fn \n¶pw Hcp \nÝnX iX-am\w D¸-¶-§Ä hm§W-sa¶v kÀ¡mÀ \njvIÀjn-¡Ww. 1991se DZm-c-h¡c-W-\-b-§Ä cmPy-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI Ncn-{X-¯n Hcp \nÀWm-bI hgn-¯ncn-hm-bn-cp-¶p. AXnsâ kzm`m-hnI XpSÀ¨-bmbn thWw aÄ«n {_m³Uv dos«-bven F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn¨ Ncn-{X-]-c-amb Xocp-am-\-s¯bpw hnebn-cp-t¯-≠Xv. F¶m CXnsâ ^ew ]qÀW-ambn D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯-W-sa¦n kÀ¡mcnsâ `K-¯p-\n¶pw C\n bpw Imcy-amb CS-s]-S A\n-hm-cy-amWv.

_nÃy¬

7%

2015 H C´y³msS -ap-ff o y e q a dos«b ³d C´y³ v C´yv hy h n]Wn sXmgn s«b mbw cm G Xm≠ iàn-bpsS h-k v Gä700 _ v Ggv iXPy¯ nIw Ãy¬ n hp-a-[p-IÄ¡v am-\hpw t Bf gn dos«bv t Umf-dnâ-X m t X a J s p¶ B -e-sb sa-¶ m-IpI  m \ -a ¨ {i-bn- kqN-\Wv mWv c≠m s¯ -e- Pohn-¡ptaJ ¶-Xv

k bpswL-Sn \nc S h X do ¡v mÀj s«b 15-þ2 nI v 0 i hf taJ X-a À¨-m -em\w

{_m³Uv dos«-bven 51 iX-am-\-sa¶ \ne-bn F^vUnsF ]cn-an-X-s¸Sp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. C´y³ kÀ¡mÀ \S-¯nb ]e ]T-\-§-fn-epw hyà-am-bXv F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn-¡p¶XneqsS dos«bv taJ-e-bn h³ sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä krjvSn-¡-s¸-Spsa¶pw IÀj-IÀ¡v anI¨ t\«-§-fp≠m-hp-sa-¶p-am-Wv. Ignª 4þ5 hÀj-ambn C´y³ dos«bv cwKw anI¨ hfÀ¨-bmWv tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs¶ hntZi \nt£]w hcp-¶Xv C´y³ dos«bv cwK¯v Hcp \mgn-I-¡-Ãm -Ip-sa-¶-Xn kwi-b-an-Ã. CXnsâ KpW-§Ä a\-kn-em-¡p-¶-Xn\v aIvsUmWmÄUvkv amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ (shÌv & ku¯v C´y) AanXv PmSnb-bpsS Cu hm¡p-IÄ am{Xw aXn: ""50,000 tImSn cq]-bpsS `£y-h-kvXp-¡fmWv tÌmsd-Pn\pw {Sm³kvt]m Àt«-j\pw icn-bmb kwhn[m\an-Ãm¯Xp ImcWw Hmtcm hÀjhpw \ in¨pt]mIp-¶-Xv. F¶m aIvsUmWmÄUvknsâ hyXy-kvX-amb tImÄUv sNbv³ tÌmsd-Pn-eqsS C¯-c-¯nepÅ `£y-h-kvXp-¡fpsS \miw h³tXmXn Ipd-bv¡m³ km[n-¨n-«p-≠v. CXphgn kwkvI-cn-¨-Xpĸ-sS-bp-ff `£y-hkvXp-¡-fpsS {^jv\kpw t]mj-I-aq-ey-hp-saÃmw kwc-£n¡m³ R§Ä¡v km[n-¡p-¶p.'' ]¨-¡-dn-Ifpw aäv `£y-h-kvXp¡fpw \in¨v t]mIp-¶Xv XS-bm³ B tKmf I¼-\n-IfpsS hchv klmbn ¡pw. am{X-a-Ã, cmPy¯v `£y-kp-c£ Dd-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn \nÀ®m-bI ]¦p-hln-¡m\pw Cu I¼-\n-IÄ¡v km[n¡pw. IqSmsX, sNdp-InS I¼-\n-IÄ¡v h³InS dos«bv `oa³am-cp-ambn kl-I-cn¨v hf-cp-¶-Xn\pw F^vUnsF \bw klm-b-I-am-Ipw. am{X-aÃ, D]t`m-àm-¡Ä¡pw IÀj-IÀ¡p-saÃmw CXv Hcp-t]mse t\«w {]Zm\wsN¿p-w. D]-t`m-àm-hn\v D¸-¶-§Ä Xnc-sªSp-¡p-¶-Xn\v \nc-h[n Ah-k-c-§Ä e`n-¡p-¶-Xn-t\m-sSm¸w hne-bnepw Ipdhv e`n-¡pw. BtKmf I¼-\n-I-fpsS hc-thmsS D¸-¶-§fpw tkh-\-§fpw D¶X KpW-\n-e-hm-c-¯n e`n-¡m³ km[y-X-tb-sd-bmWv. \ne-hm-c-an-Ãm¯ D¸-¶-§Ä¡v D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä ]Ww \ÂtI-≠-Xn-sö AhØ cmPy¯v kwPm-X-am-Ipw. B[p-\nI t{SUnwKv coXn-bn-te¡v IÀj-Isc ASp-¸n-¡p-¶Xn\v ]pXnb \bw hgn-hbv-¡pw. CXn\v ]pdsa Adnhpw sXmgn sshZ-Kv[yhpw ]c-kv]cw ssIamäw sN¿-s¸-Sm-\p-ff Ah-k-chpw IÀj-IÀ¡v e`n-¡pw. CXns\-Ãm-ap-]cn, D¸-¶-§Ä¡v anI¨ hnebpw e`n-¡p-sa¶v hne-bn-cp-¯-s¸Sp-¶p. hnaÀi-\-§Ä GsXmcp \b-¯n-\p-sa¶ t]mse F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn-¨Xn\pw Gsd hnaÀi-\-§Ä t\cnSp-¶p. sNdp-In-S, CS-¯cw dos«-bveÀamsc BtKmf I¼\n-IÄ XpS-¨p-\o-¡p-sa-¶XmWv {][m\ hnaÀi-\w. sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä krjvSn¡p-I-b-Ã, adn¨v \nc-h[n km[m-c-W¡m-cpsS sXmgn \jvS-s¸-Sp-I-bmWv D≠m-hp-I-sb¶pw Btcm-]n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. am{X-aÃ, F^vUnsF A\p-h-Zn-¨-XneqsS BtKmf I¼-\n-IÄ¡v Ip¯I krjvSn-¡m-\p-ff Ah-k-c-am-Wv kÀ¡mÀ krjvSn-¨-sX-¶mWv CXns\ FXnÀ¡p¶ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄ Btcm-]n-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu hnaÀi-\-§Ä IqSn IW-¡n-seSp-¯v C´y¡v ]qÀW-ambpw D]-tbmK-{]-Z-am-Ip¶ coXn-bn am{X-am-bncn-¡Ww aÄ«n-{_m³Uv dos«-bven F^vUnsF F¶ Xocp-am\w kÀ¡mÀ \S-¸n-em-t¡-≠-Xv. AXp-t]m se Xs¶ dos«bv Hu«vse-äp-I-fnse

700

_nÃy¬

nsâ y-¯ w P m c am¯ Å s n-te¡p b n n-] -h\ PnU kw`m

(tIcf tNw_À Hm^v sImtagvkv & C³U-kv{Sn-bpsS ap³ sN-bÀam-\mWv teJ-I³) aÄ«n{_m³Uv dos«-bvenÂ

F^vUnsF D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v D-≠m-Ip¶ t\«-§Ä Xnc-sª-Sp-¡m³ hn]-Wn-bn \nc-h[n D¸-¶-§Ä \ymb-amb hne-bn D¸-¶§Ä e`y-am-Ip¶p D¶-X-Kp-W-\n-e-hm-c-¯n D¸¶-§Ä e`y-amIpw ]Ww sImSp¯v \ne-hm-cw Ipdª D¸-¶-§Ä hmt§≠ Ah-Ø-bn \n¶pw D]-t`màm-¡Ä¡v tamN\w

IÀj-IÀ¡p-≠m-Ip¶ t\«-§Ä B[p\nI t{SUnwKv coXnIfnte¡v C´y³ IÀj-IÀ¡v Db-cm-\p-ff Ah-kcw e`n-¡p¶p Adnhpw sshZ-Kv[yhpw B tKmf I¼-\n-I-fp-ambn ssIamäw sN¿m-\p-ff Ah-kcw e`n-¡pw hne \nÝ-bn-¡p-¶-Xn\v IqSpX kpXm-cy-amb kwhn-[m\ ap≠mIpw

aÄ«n-{_m³Uv dos«-bven hntZi \nt£-]w A\p-h-Zn¨ Nne hnI-kzc cmPy-§-fn h¶ t]mkn-äohv amä-§Ä ]¨-¡-dn-I-fpĸ-sS-bp-ff `£yhkvXp¡-Ä sI«n-¡n-S¶v \in¡p-¶Xv XS-bm³ km[n-¨p IqSp-X sXmgn-e-hk -- -c-§Ä krjvSn¡-s¸«p hn]-Wn-I-fn sshhn-[yamÀ¶ D¸-¶-§Ä e`y-ambn ]pXnb aÕ-cm-[n-jvTnX temIw krjvSn-¡m³ km[n¨p

FXnÀ¡p-¶Xv tIc-f-¯n\v KpWIc-aà Nn Ã-d hym]m-c ta-J-e-bn hntZ-i

\n-t£-]w h-cp-¶Xn-s\ F-XnÀ-¡pIbpw hn-hm-Z-§Ä kr-ãn-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶Xv tI-c-f-¯n\v H-cn-¡epw Kp-WsI F³ Ic-aÃ. C-´y-bn-se aÀ-kq¡,v 28 kw-Øm-\-§-fn sN-bÀ-am³, tI-c- H-¶p am-{X-am-Wv tIcf tNw_À Hm-^v fw, A-Xn-\mÂ-¯-s¶ sIm-ta-gv-kv Bâ v \-½Ä C-Xn \n-¶v C-³-U-kv{Sn amdn \nÂ-¡p-¶Xpw {]m-_ey-¯n h-cp¯m³ hn-ap-J-X Im-«p-¶-Xpw H«pw i-cnbmb Io-gvh-g-¡aÃ. ]-≠v \-ap-¡v tZm-j-I-c-amIp-sa-¶v I-cpXn-b ]-e ]-cn-jv-Im-c-§-fpw ]n¶oSv Kp-W-I-c-am-bn-«p-≠v. hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v A-Sn-¯-d-bnSp¶ \S-]-Sn-Isf F-XnÀ-¡p¶Xv im-kv-{Xo-b k-ao-]-\-a-Ã. \m-«n h-cp-¶ am-ä-§sfbpw hn-I-k-\- ]²-XnI-sfbpw B-t£-]n-¡p-Ibpw B«n-tbm-Sn-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶ \n-e-]m-Sn-t\m-Sv tI-c-f tNw-_-dn-\v bm-sXm-cp-hn-[-¯nepw tbm-Pn-¡m³ km-[n¡nÃ. R-§-fp-sS {]Jym-]nX XXzw X-s¶ tI-c-f-¯n-se \n-t£-]-km-[y-XIsf s{]mtam-«v sN-¿p-Ibpw kw-c-£n-¡p-I-bp-sa-¶XmWv. C-¯-c-¯n FÃm hnI-k-\ \-S-]Sn-I-sfbpw hn-hm-Z-¯n ap-¡n-s¡mÃp-¶ \-S]-Sn \Ã-XÃ. C-§s\-t]m-bm \-½Ä F-hn-sSbpw F¯nÃ. F-s´m-s¡ \n-b-a\nÀ-am-W-§Ä B-h-iyamtWm A-sXÃmw \-S-¸n-em-¡n hntZ-i \n-t£-]-s¯-¡pdn-¨p-Å sX-än-²m-c-W CÃm-Xm-¡m³ K-h¬-saâ v ap³-ssI-s¿-Sp-¡-Ww. hntZ-i \n-t£-]w do-s«-bv ta-J-e-bn th-≠ F-¶v ]-d-bp-t¼mÄ F-{X am{Xw \-ap-¡v

]n-Sn-¨p \nÂ-¡m-\m-Ip-sa-¶p¡qSn Nn-´n-¡Ww. tIc-f-¯n-\p-ff G-ähpw hen-b t\«w an-I-¨ hn-Zym-`y-mkhpw I-gn-hp-apÅ sN-dp-¸-¡m-cp-s≠-¶-XmWvv. A-hÀ ap-gp-h \pw a-äp-Å kw-Øm-\-§-fnepw cm-Py-§fnepw t]m-bn tPm-en-sb-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-\p ] I-cw F´p-sIm-≠v C-hn-sS \n-t£-]-s¯ B-IÀ-jn-¨v AhÀ-¡v sXm-gn- \Â-In-¡qS? C-¯-c-¯n \n-t£-]w h-cp-¶-Xn-eq-sS a-äp-Å kw-Øm-\-§-fn \n-¶pw P-\-§Ä C-hn-sS-sb-¯n km[-\-§Ä hm§p¶ kml-N-cy-am-Wp-≠m-Im³ t]m-Ip-¶Xv. AXneqsS \-½p-sS km-¼¯n-I A-Sn-¯-dbpw `-{Z-amIpw. C-t¸mÄ \-½p-sS hn-]-Wn-bn e-`n-¡p-¶-Xn `q-cn-`m-Kw km-[-\-§fpw hntZi-¯p \n-¶p-Å-h-bm-Wv. ]n-s¶´p-sIm≠v hntZ-i \n-t£]-s¯ F-XnÀ-¡Ww? hntZ-i \n-t£]-w kzmKXw sN¿p-¶Xn-s\m¸w \-½p-sS NnÃ-d hym]m -c ta-J-e-bn-ep-Å-h-cp-sS _p-²n-ap-«p-IÄ¡v ]-cn-lm-cw Im-Wp-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv. C-Xp sIm-≠p-≠m-Im³ t]m-Ip¶ tZmj-^-e-§sf Xc-Ww sN-¿m-\p-Å \nb-a-\nÀ-am-Ww K-h¬-saânsâ `m-K-¯v \n-¶p-≠m-IWw. C-t¸mÄ-¯s¶ ]-e \n-b-{´-W-§f-pw K-h¬-saâ v GÀs¸-Sp¯nbn-«p≠v, ]-¯p e-£-¯n Iq-Sp-X P-\-§Ä Xm-a-kn-¡p-¶- \K-c-§-fn am-{X-ta hntZ-i \n-t£-]w A-\p-h-Zn-¡p¶pÅp. C-{]Imcw C-hn-sS-bp-Å sNdpInS I-¨-h-S-¡m-sc tZmj-I-c-ambn _m-[n¡m-¯ X-c-¯n-ep-Å k-ao-]-\-§-sfbpw \-S-]-Sn-I-sfbpw \-½Ä kzo-I-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv th-≠-Xv.- AXp-t]m-seX-s¶, s]m-Xphm-b NÀ-¨-IÄ D-≠m-Ip-Ibpw A-Xn-sâ A-SnØm-\-¯n {]-iv-\-§-sf t\-cn-Sp-Ibpw thWw. cm-Py-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\mh-iyam-b ap-X apS-¡v F-hn-sS \n-¶v h-¶mepw kzo-I-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv th-≠Xv.


C O V E R

S T O R Y

tIc-f-¯n\v amdn-\n¡m³ Ign-bnà Nn Ã-d hym]mc ta-J-e-bnÂ

cmPys¯ hym]mc k´p-en-Xm-hØ XIÀ¡pw hntZ-i \nt£-]w h-cp-¶-

tXm-sS cm-Pys¯ 20 tIm-Sn-bn¸-cw P-\§-sf AXv {]-Xn-Iq-e-am-bn _m-[n-¡pw. D-Â-¸mZ-I-cn \n-¶v kmSn \-kdp-±o³, [-\-§Ä kz-cq-]nkwkvYm\ ¨v Ah-cnÂ\n-¶v {]kn-Uâ v, hm-§n hnÂ-¡p¶ tIcfm hym]m 5 tImSn-tbm-fw cn hyhkmbn h-cp-¶ sN-dpIn-S GtIm]\ I-¨-h-S-¡m-cm-Wv kanXn C-´y-bn-ep-ÅXv. tI-c-f-¯n-em-sW¦n sN-dpIn-S hym-]m-c-¯n GÀ-s¸«n-cn-¡p¶ 10 e-£w hym-]m-cn-I-fp≠v. AXp-sIm-≠v X-s¶ NnÃ-hym-]m-c-ta-J-ebn-se hn-tZ-i\n-t£-]w kw-Øm\s¯ 10 e-£w h-cp-¶ sN-dpIn-S hym-]m -cnI-sfbpw Ah-sc B-{i-bn-¨v D-]-Poh\w \-S-¯p¶ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-sfbpw A-hcp-sS Ip-Spw-_-§-sfbpw {]-Xn-Iq-e-am-bn _m-[n-¡pw. hntZ-i \n-t£-]w h-¶m AXv Hmtcm ta-J-e-bv¡pw Kp-W-I-c-amIp-sa-¶ tI-{µ-kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ hmZ-s¯ tI-c-f hym-]m-cn hy-h-km-bn F-tIm-]-\k-an-Xn F-XnÀ-¡p-I-bm-Wv. D-Zm-l-c-W-¯n\v, ]-¯v F-¡u-≠âpI-fpsS tPm-en H-cp I-w]yq-«À sN-¿p-w, sk-bnÂ-kv-am³ CÃ, C-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä X-s¶ DÂ-¸¶-§Ä Xn-c-sª-Sp-¯v Iym-jv Iu-≠-dn F-¯n-¡pw. C-§s\sbm-s¡-bmIpt¼mÄ sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä D-≠m-Ip-sa-¶v ]-d-bp¶-Xv ip-² A-kw_-Ô-amWv. \n-e-hn ]¯pe£t¯mfw h-cp¶ hym]m-cn-I-fp-sS Io-gn-epÅ sXmgnemfnIfpsSbpw A-h-cpsS A¼Xpe£t¯m-fw h-cp¶ IpSpw-_§-fp-sSbpw A¶wap«n¡p¶ Xocp-am-\am-WnXv. c-≠m-a-t¯-Xv, Cu do-s«-bv `o-a³-amÀ Xs¶ `-£y-DÂ-¸-¶-§-Ä tISp-Iq-Sm-sX kq-£n-¡m³ tKm-Uu-Wp-IÄ A-S-¡-apÅ A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§Ä H-cp-¡p-sa-¶Xm-Wv. A-Xv K-h¬-saâ v \n-b-{´-W-¯n th-W-sa-¶mWv R-§-

fp-sS A-`n-{]mbw. A-sÃ-¦n cm-Py-¯v ]q-gv-¯n-h-bv-¸n \pw I-cn-©-´-bv¡pw C-Xv hgn-sbm-cp¡pw. H-cmÄ-¡v 2000 Nm-¡n Iq-Sp-X A-cn kw`cn¡m³ ]m-Sn-sÃ-¶v A-\pim-kn-¡p-¶ F-k³-jy I-t½m-Un-än B-Îv \m-ep-hÀ-jw ap-¼ph-sc \n-e-hn-ep≠m-bn-cp¶p. A-t¸mÄ D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v \ym-bam-b hn-e-bn A-cn e`n-¨n-cp¶p. ]-t£, Cu \nb-aw F-Sp-¯v If-ªtXmsS C´y³ Ip¯I-Ifmb Smäbpw _nÀfbpw dneb³-kpsaÃmw A-cn hym-]m-c-¯n-sâ Ip-¯I ssI-bm-fm³ Xp-S-§n. AhÀ B-{Ô-bn-se IÀ-j-I-cn \n-¶v aq-¶v sImÃw ap-¼v In-tem-bv¡v 10 cq-]- F¶ tXm-Xn kw`-cn-¨ A-cn F^v-kn-sF- tKm-Uu-Wp-IÄ hm-S-I-bv-s¡Sp-¯v ti-J-cn-¨v h-bv-¡p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. Acnhne IpXn¡m³ ImcWanXm-Wv. aq-¶v sImÃw ap-¼v ti-J-cn¨ A-cn-bm-Wv C-t¸mÄ hn-]-Wn-bn 30þ40 cp-]h-sc \nc-¡n hnÂ-¡p-¶-Xv. Ip¯IIÄ Acn tKmUuWn kq£n¨v Ir{Xna£maw krãn¨v hne IbäpIbm-Wv. hntZi Ip¯IIÄ h¶m hne¡bäw D≠mIn-sÃ-¶ tI-{µ-kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ hm-Z-apJ-am-Wv C-hn-sS s]m-fn-bp-¶Xv. sNdpInS I¨hS¡mÀ C´ybn th≠ F¶v tI{µw hmin]nSn¡p¶Xv Ip¯IIsf klmbn¡m\m-Wv. aq-¶m-a-t¯Xv, Ir-jn-¡mc-\v Kp-Ww sN-¿p-sa-¶ hm-Zw. CXv s]m-Å-bmWv. Ip-¯-IIÄ Ir-jn-¡m-cn \n-¶pw D¸-¶-§Ä hm-§p-I-bÃ, a-dn-¨v Ir-jn-¸m-S§Ä ]m-«¯nt\m hn-e-bvt¡m F-Sp-¯v A-hÀ-¡v tXm-¶p-¶ Ir-jn-bm-Wv sN-¿pI. {]-XypÂ-¸m-Z-\-ti-jn Ip-d-ªXpw a-®n-sâ ssP-h- L-S\-sb _m-[n-¡p-¶Xpam-b hn-¯p-I-fmWv Cu Ir-jn-`q-anbn hn-X-bv-¡p-¶-sX-¦n `m-hn-bn IÀ-j-IÀ F-¶ hw-iw X-s¶ CÃm-XmIpw. a-lm-cm-jv{S-bn-se \À-½-Z-bn ]-cp¯n-IÀ-j-I-cpsS Zpc-´w \-½Ä I-≠-dnª-XmWv. NnÃ-d hym-]m-c- ta-J-e-bn-se hntZ-i \n-t£-]w hym]m-c cwK-s¯ k-´p-en-Xm-h-Ø X-I-À-¡p-¶Xn\pw cmPy-s¯ P-\-Po-hn-Xw Zp-k-l-am-¡p-¶-Xn\pw hgn-sbm-cp-¡p-w.

hntZ-i \n-t£]-w h-cp-¶-tXm-sS ]-e X-c-¯n-ep-Å Kp-W§fpw tZm-j-§fpw kw-Øm-\-¯n-\p≠m-Ipw. XÂ-¡mkn N{µ-taml³, ew F-Xn-cm-sW{]-kn-Uâ,v ¦nepw `m-hn-bn tNw_À Hm-^v kwØm\w CXv sIm-ta-gv-kv Bâ v \S-¸m-¡m-\p-ff C³-U-kv{Sn, Xn-cp- km-[y-X-IÄ Xh-\-´-]pcw Ån-¡-f-bm-\m-InÃ. A-Xn-\v ap³-]v Nn-e Im-cy-§-fn ]p-\x]-cn-tim-[-\ \-S-t¯≠-Xv A-Xym-h-iy-amWv. 51 i-X-am-\w hntZ-i \n-t£-]w F-¶ kÀ-¡mÀ \-bw H-¶p-Iq-Sn am-än Nn-´n-t¡-≠-Xm-Wv. IqSm-sX, sN-dpIn-S hym-]m-cw sIm-≠p Pohn-¡p-¶ e-£-¡-W-¡n-\v P-\-§-fp--sS I-¨h-Sw X-I-cm-Xn-cn-¡p-hm-\p-Å ]pXn-sbm-cp kw-hn-[m-\w sIm-≠p-h-¶Xn-\p ti-jw am-{Xw hntZ-i \n-t£-]w \-S-¸n-em-¡m³ {ian-¡p-¶-XmWv DNnXw. hntZ-i \n-t£-]w h-cp¶-Xv sIm≠p-Å tZm-j-§-fn {]-[m-\w sNdp-InS-I-¨-h-S-¡msc CXv _m[n-¡p-¶p-sh¶-Xm-Wv. tIm-Sn-¡-W-¡n-\v cq-]-bp-am-bn NnÃ-d hym-]m-c-ta-J-e-bn-te-¡n-d-§p-¶hÀ sN-dpIn-S I-¨-h-S-¡mÀ-¡v hym-]m-cw \-S-¯m-\p-Å km-l-N-cyw \n-tj-[n¡p-Ibpw A-Xph-gn A-hcpw A-h-cp-sS Ip-Spw-_-§fpw h-gn-bm-[m-c-am-Ip-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v B-Zyw sa-¨-s¸-« km-[-\-§Ä Ip-d-ª hn-eb¡v \Â-Ip-¶ C-hÀ sN-¿p-¶Xv G-sX¦n-epw tXm-«-§fntem DÂ-¸m-Z-\ Øm-

]-\-§fn-tem sN-¶v km-[-\-§-sfÃmw sam-¯¯n F-Sp-¡m³ A-Uzm³-kv \Â-IpIbmWv. Xp-SÀ¶v tKm-Uu-Wn C-h kq-£n-¡-pIbpw Iq-Sp-X Unamâ vh-cp-¶ k-a-b-¯v ]p-d-s¯-Sp-¯v IqSn-b hn-e-bv-¡v hnÂ-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v D¸-¶-§Ä Ip-d-ª hn-e-bv-¡v e`n¡p-sa¶-Xv H-cp hn--izm-kw am-{X-am-bn \n-e-\nÂ-¡pw ^-e-¯n-se-¯n-sÃ-¶v am-{Xw. G-sXmcmfpw em-`¯n-\p th-≠n a-m-{X-am-Wv \n-t£-]-an-d-¡p-I. sN-dpIn-S hym]m-c-ta-J-e-bn-ep-Å B-fpI-sf kw-bpà-am-bn kw-L-Sn-¸n-¨p-sIm-≠v C¯-cw \n-t£-]-§Ä \-S-¯n-bm \n-e-hnepÅ {]-iv-\-§Ä-¡v ]-cn-lm-cw Im-Wm³ km-[n-¡pw. {]-Xy-£-am-bn tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km¼¯n-I \n-e-hm-cw sa-¨-s¸-Sp-sa-¦nepw ]-tcm-£-am-bn C-tX ta-J-e-bn tPm-en-sb-Sp-¡p-¶-h-cp-sS sXm-gn \-ã-am-Ip¶p. IÀ-j-IÀ-¡v C-Xn-eq-sS \à Im-ew h-cp-sa-¶v ]-d-bp-¶-Xnepw Imcy-anÃ. C-S-\n-e-¡m-cnÃm-sX IÀ-j-Icn \n-¶v DÂ-¸-¶§Ä hm-§p-sa-¶v ]-d-bpw, AtX-k-abw C-S-\n-e-¡mÀ-¡v t]m-Ip-¶ Xp-I Iq-Sn C-hÀ IÀ-j-Icn \n¶v CuSm-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. hntZ-i \n-t£]w h-cp¶-Xv cm-Py-¯n\pw kwØm-\-¯n\pw \Ã-Xp-X-s¶-bmWv. aäp kw-Øm-\-§Ä C-Xv Aw-Ko-I-cn-¨n«ps≠-¦n X-s¶bpw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ ]-cnan-Xam-b km-[y-X-IÄ h-¨v kÀ-¡mcpw I-¨-h-S-¡mcpw hn-i-Z-am-bn NÀ-¨-sN-bv-Xv A´n-a Xo-cp-am-\-¯n-se-t¯≠-Xv AXym-h-iy-amWv. Kh¬-saân-sâ i-àamb \n-b-{´-W-¯n am-{X-ta C-sXm-s¡ D-t±-in-¡p-¶ ^-e-{]m-]v-Xn-bn-se-¯p-Ibp-Åq.

sNdp-InS hym]m-cn-IÄ XpS-¨p-\o-¡-s¸Spw sNdpInS hym-]m-cn-I-fp-sS

Xm-¸-cy-§fpw \n À-tZ-i-§fpw kzoI-cn-¨v Ah-sc H-cp X-c-¯nepw tZmjI-c-ambn _m-[n¡m-¯ co-Xn-bn sI hn-t\m-Zv am-{Xta NnÃ-d \m-cm-b-W³, hym]m-{]-knUâ v, c ta-J-e-bn t\mÀ-¯v a-e-_mÀ hntZ-i \n-t£-]w tNw_À Hm^v sIm≠p h-cm-\p-Å sIm-ta-gv-kv, \o¡s¯ tIcfw I-®qÀ kzmKXw sN¿mhq. hntZ-i Ip-¯-IIÄ NnÃ-d hym-]m-c cw-K-t¯-¡v \n-t£]-hp-am-bn h-cp-t¼mÄ hm-bv-]-sb-Sp¯pw I-Sw hm-§nbpw I-¨h-Sw \-S-¯p-¶ tI-c-f-¯n-se _-lp-`q-cn-]£w hym-]m-cnI-sfbpw C-Xv t\-cn-«v _m-[n-¡p-¶p. H-cp sN-dpIn-S hym-]m-cn-¡v sa-¨-s¸« ku-Icy-§-fpsS Imcy-¯ntem aq-e-[-\-¯nsâ Imcy-¯ntem BtKm-f- `o-a³am-tcmSv a-Õ-cn-¡m³ km-[n-¡nÃ. A§-s\ h-cpt¼mÄ sN-dn-sbm-cp Im-e-bfhn-\p-Ån sN-dpIn-S hym-]m-cn-IÄ F-¶p ]-d-bp¶ hn-`m-Kw X-s¶ XpS-¨p \o-¡-s¸Spw. hntZ-i \n-t£-]w h-¶m IÀ-j-IÀ-¡v Kp-W-ap-≠-mIp-sa-¶mWv ]-d-bp-¶Xv. B-Zy-s¯ Ht¶m ct≠m hÀ-jw IÀ-jIÀ-¡v Kp-W-ap-≠mIp-sa-¦nepw Ipd-¨v hÀ-j-§Ä t\-cn-«p-Å C-S-]m-Sn-eqsS IÀ-

j-IÀ-¡v A-h-cp-sS DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä a-äpÅhÀ¡v hnÂ-¡m-\p-Å kzmX{´yw Xs¶ \-ã-s¸-Sp-w. Cu hym]m-c `o-a³-am-cp-sS h-e-b-¯n \n-¶v ]pd-¯v t]m-Im-\mImsX A-hÀ ]-d-bp-¶ Xp-Ñamb hn-e-bv¡v IÀ-j-IÀ km-[-\-§Ä sIm-Sp-t¡-≠ Øn-Xn-bm-Wv C-Xn-eq-sS kw-Pm-X-am-IpI. IÀ-j-IÀ-¡v Iq-Sp-X em-`w B-cn \n¶mtWm In-«p-¶-Xv A-hÀ-¡v D¸-¶§Ä sIm-Sp-¡m³ km-[n-¡p-¶ \nehnse A-h-Ø F-s¶-t¶-¡p-am-bn A-h-km-\n-¡pw. C-´y-bn-se hy-hkmb `o-a³-am-cp-sS kq-¸À-amÀ-¡-äp-I-fn a-äp sN-dpIn-S I-¨-h-S-¡mÀ hnÂ-¡p¶-Xn-t\-¡mÄ hf-sc hne Ip-d-¨m-Wv D¸-¶-§Ä hnÂ-¡p¶-Xv. D-]-t`màm-hn-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨v kq-¸À amÀ¡-äp-I-fp-sS C-t¸mg-s¯ hn-e Ipd-¨p hn¡ sa-¨-am-sW-¦nepw `m-hn-bn Cu kq-¸À-amÀ-¡-äpI-sf am{Xw B-{ibn-¨v Po-hnt¡-≠ K-Xn-tI-Sn-se-¯n-¡pw. A-t¸m-gm-Wv A-hÀ A-h-cp-sS X-\n-\n-dw ]p-d-s¯-Sp-¡pI. H-cp kq-¸À amÀ¡-äv h-¶n-«v 100 t]À-¡v sXm-gn In-«p-sa-¶v ]-d-bp-t¼mÄ Xs¶ A-Xn-\-Sp-¯p-Å A-ªq-dv I-S-IÄ ]q-t«-≠nbpw h-cp-¶p. C-§-s\-sbmcp \nt£]w hcp-¶-Xn-eqsS sXm-gn-e-hk-c§Ä kr-ãn-¡p-sa-¶v ]-d-bp-t¼mÄ \-ã-s¸Sp-¶ sXm-gn-e-hk-c§Ä K-h¬-saâ v I-W-¡p-Iq-«p-¶nÃ. C-Xn-eq-sS \n-ch-[n sN-dpIn-S I-¨-h-S-¡mcpw A-h-cp-sS IpSpw-_-§-fp-am-Wv h-gn-bm-[m-c-am-Im³ t]m-Ip¶-Xv.

13


_nKv tÌmdn

K erala’s h³ \nt£] ]²-Xn-I-fp-ambn FwF bqk-^en

tIcf¯n \nt£ ]n¡p-¶-Xn-eqsS h³ t\«§Ä D-≠m-¡m-sa¶v BtKmfXe¯n t_m[ys¸Sp¯p¶-Xn\pw C³shÌvsaâ v sUÌnt\j³ F¶ \nebn sIm¨nbpsS h-fÀ-¨bv¡v t{]c-I-i-ànbm-Im\pw Fw-sI {Kq-¸nsâ ]²-XnIÄ¡mIpw. tI-c-f¯n- \S-¸nem¡m³ D-t±-in-¡p-¶ {][m\ ]-²-Xn-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw hy-hkm-b, km¼¯nI cwK§fn Cu \m-Sn-sâ amdn-b Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sp-I-sf-¡pdn¨pw Fw-sI {Kq-¸v am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ Fw- F bq-k-^-en F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbmSv kw-km-cn-¡p¶p

14

Sn ]n {]im´v

C ³shÌvsaâ v sUÌnt\j³ F¶ \nebn BtKmf Xe¯n tI-cfs¯

hnZKv[ambn amÀ¡äv sN¿p¶Xn\pÅ \o¡§fm-Wv Fw-sI {Kq-¸v am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ Fw F bqk^en \S¯p-¶-Xv. hn-gn-ªw Xp-d-apJw, hÃmÀ-]m-Sw sSÀ-an\Â, kv-amÀ-«v kn-än...ChsbÃmw {]hÀ¯-\-kÖ-am-Ip¶tXmsS tIcf-¯n-sâ \nt£-]km-[y-X-IÄ¡v ]pXnb am\w ssIh-cpw. CsXÃmw IW-¡n-se-Sp¯v `mhnbnse Xsâ hyhkmb \nt£]¯n ap´nb ] cnKW\ tIcf-¯n-\v Xs¶ B-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶v hy-à-am-¡p-¶ \n-e-bn-em-Wv bqk-^en ]pXnb ]²XnIÄ sXcsªSp-¡p¶Xpw {]Jym]n¡p¶Xpw. Fd-Wm-Ipfw C-S-¸-Ån-bn \nÀ-½m-Ww ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p¶ ep-ep tjm-¸nw-Kv amÄ, {]-ikv-X tlm-«Â {Kq¸m-b am-cn-bm-«p-ambn tNÀ-¶v ep-ep tjm-¸nw-Kv amfn-t\m-S-\p_-Ôn¨pw s\-Sp-¼m-ti-cn A-´m-cm-jv-{S hn-am-\-¯m-h-f-¯n-\v k-ao-]-¯pw c-≠v ]-©-\-£{X-tlm-«-ep-IÄ, PÀ-½³ FbÀsse³km-b ep-^v-¯m³-k-bp-am-bn k-l-Icn-¨v B-cw-`n-¡p¶ A-´m-cm-jv{S \nehmc ¯nepÅ Hcp ^vssfäv In-¨³, l-bm-¯v {Kq-¸p-am-bn ssI-tImÀ-¯v t_mÄ-Km-«n-bn B-cw-`n-¡p¶ I¬-sh³-j³ sk-âÀ, A-

Big H

Xn-t\m-Sv tNÀ¶v ]-©-\-£-{X- tlm-«Â, dos«-bvÂ, FIvkvt]mÀ«v _nkn-\-kp-IÄ iàn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-\mbn B-ep-h-bn temPn-kv-än-Ivkv skâdpw tImÄUv tÌmtdPv kwhn-[m-\hpw... \nc-h[n ]²-Xn-I-fp-ambn tIc-f-¯n Gähpw IqSp-X \nt£]w \S-¯p¶ _nkn-\kv iywJ-e-bm-Im-\pÅ X¿m-sd-Sp-¸n-emWv FwsI {Kq¸v. ]pXnb ]²-XnIÄ¡v tI-c-f-¯nsâ hmWnPy, -hyhkmb taJeIfnepw tlm«Â hnt\m Zk©mc taJeIfnepw ]p¯\p-WÀ-hv krãn-¡m³ I-gn-bpw. A`n-ap-J-¯n-Â\n¶v... tIc-f¯nse \ne-hnse A´-co£w \nt£-]-¯n\v A\p-tbm-Py-am-sW¶v Xm¦Ä Icp-Xp-¶pt­≠m? hy-hkm-b \n-t£-]-¯n-\v A-\p-Iqeam-b km-l-N-cy-§-fm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n \n-e-hn-ep-ÅXv. H-cp Im-e-L-«-¯n hy-hkmb¯n-\v `o-j-Wn-bm-bn \n-e-sIm≠n-cp¶ sXm-gn-em-fn k-a-c-§Ä C-¶v tI-«p-tIÄhn-t]mepw CÃm-¯ Øn-Xn-bn-ses¡¯n. A-Sn-Øm-\-ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS A-]cym-]v-X-X-bm-Wv tIc-fw t\-cn-Sp-¶ G-ähpw hen-b shÃp-hn-fn-sb-¦nepw tem-tIm-¯-c \n-e-hm-cw ]p-eÀ-¯p¶ sa¨s¸« am\h hn`htijn, cmPym´c hnam\¯mhf§Ä, XpdapJ§Ä, anI¨ {Iakam[m\w F-¶o hm-kv-X-hn-Iamb L-S-I-§-fm-Wv C-hn-tS-

bv¡v \n-t£-]I-sc B-IÀ-jn-¡p-¶Xv. tIc-f-¯nse amdnb kml-N-cy-§sf¡pdn¨pw \nt£-]-I A-\p-Iq-e Imem-h-Øsb¡pdn¨pw temIs¯ t_m[y-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p-ff {ia-§fpw thWw. FwsI {Kq¸v tIcf¯n \n-t£-]w \S¯p¶ {]-[m\ ]²-Xn-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨v hy-àam¡m-tam? G-jy-bn-se G-ähpw h-ep-Xpw tjm-¸nw-Kv hn-kv-a-b-hp-am-Im³ t]m-Ip-¶-Xpam-b ep-ep CâÀ-\m-j-W tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fn-sâ \nÀ-½mWw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hm-Wn-Py-kn-cm-tI-{µamb sIm-¨n-bn ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Fw-sI -{Kq-¸n-sâ tI-c-f-¯n-se G-ähpw hen-b ]²-XnbmWn-Xv. 1600 tIm-Sn cq-]- ap-XÂ-apS¡pÅ Cu ]²-Xn {]-hÀ-¯-\ k-Ö-am-Ipt¼mÄ 8000 t]À-¡v {]-Xy-£-am-bpw 20000 t]À-¡v ]-tcm-£-ambpw sXm-gn e`n-¡pw. {]-ikv-X tlm-«Â {Kq¸m-b am-cn-bm-«p-am-bn tNÀ-¶v C-S-¸-Ån-bn-se ep-ep tjm-¸nw-Kv amfn-t\m-S-\p-_-Ôn¨pw s\-Sp-¼m-ti-cn A-´m-cm-jv-{S hn-am-\-¯m-h-f-¯n-\v k-ao-]¯mbpw Øm-]n-¡p-¶ c-≠v ]-©-\-£{Xtlm-«-ep-I-fpsS \nÀ-½m-W-{]-hÀ-¯-\-§fpw PÀ-½³ FbÀ-sse³km-b ep-^v-¯m³-kbp-am-bn k-l-I-cn-¨v B-cw-`n-¡p¶ A-´mcm-jv{S \nehmc¯nepÅ Hcp ^vssfäv In¨sâ {]hÀ-¯-\-§fpw A-´n-a-L-«¯n


ope B I G

S T O R Y

G-jy-bn-se

tjm-¸nw-Kv hn-kv-a-b-w

1600 tIm-Sn cq-]- ap-XÂ-ap-S¡v 28000 sXmgn-e-h-k-c-§Ä

Facilities Ample parking space that can easily accommodate up to 3000 vehicles Money exchange centres Bank counters & ATMs 16 pairs of escalators, travelators, elevators, and lifts Spacious corridors Large glass central atrium with translucent roof Facilities for the disabled Easy access and exit

Lulu Hyper Market (2 Levels) 3500-seated Food Court that has 18 multi-cuisine kitchens and three fine restaurants 71,000 sq ft, 8-screen multiplex with fabulous computer games, bowling alleys, rides, and amusement Expansively spread check-out counters

E V I US

L C EX

em-Wv. l-bm-¯v {Kq-¸p-am-bn ssI-tImÀ-¯v C-´ybn-se G-ähpw hen-b I¬-sh³-j³ sk-âdpw H-cp ]-©-\-£-{X -tlm-«epw sIm-¨n-bn-se t_mÄ-Km-«nbn Øm-]n-¡m-\p-Å \S-]SnIÄ B-cw-`n-¨p-I-gnªp. D¶X \ne-hm-c-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb H-cp tem-Pn-kv-än-Ivkv skâdpw tImÄUv tÌmtdPv kwhn-[m-\-hpw Bdv amk-¯n-\p-f-fn Bep-h-bn {]hÀ¯-\-k-Ö-am-hpw. Iq-Sm-sX, a-säm-cp I¬-sh³-j³ skâdnsâ \nÀ½mWw tImgn-t¡m«pw ]ptcm-K-an-¡p-¶p. tIc-fw tI-{µ-am-¡nbpff Xm¦-fpsS FbÀsse³kv ]²-Xnsb¡pdn¨v? hn-tZ-i -a-e-bm-fn-I-fp-sS bm-{Xm-t¢-i-¯n-\v imiz-X ]-cn-lm-cw Im-Wm³ tI-c-f-¯n-sâ kz-´w FbÀsse³ ]²-Xn-sb¶ \ne-bn FbÀ tIc-fbv¡v Ign-bp-sa-¶mWv Fsâ Dd¨ hnizm-kw. Cu kz]v\ ]²Xn bmYmÀ°y-am-I-W-sa-¦n tI-{µ-kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ A-\pa-Xn IqSntb Xocq. kwØm-\ kÀ-¡mÀ CXn-\mbn ap³-ssI-sb-Sp-¡Ww. K-h¬-saâ v, hn-tZ-ia-e-bm-fn-IÄ, hy-h-km-bþhym]mc {]-ap-JÀ F-¶n-h-cpsS-sbÃmw Iq«m-b kl-I-c-W¯neqsS Cu kz-]v-\w k-^-e-am-¡m³ I-gn-bp-sa-¶ {]-Xo-£-bm-Wv F-\n-¡p-ÅXv. tIc-f-¯nsâ ]c-¼-cm-KX hyh-kmb taJ-e-IÄ¡v Hcp Xncn-¨p-h-chv km[y-amtWm? ]-c-¼-cm-K-X Ip-SnÂ- hy-h-km-b-§Ä ]≠v \½psS kwkvIm-c-¯nsâ Xs¶ `mK-am-bn-cp¶p. D-¸m-Z-\ cwK-s¯ h³-h-fÀ-¨, A-kw-kvIr-X h-kv-Xp-¡-fp-sS A-`m-h-w, hn-Z-Kv-[ -sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS ZuÀ-e-`yw, DÂ-¸-

¶- ssh-hn-[ys¯-¡p-dn-¨p-Å A-dn-hnÃm-bv-a, hn]W-\ X-{´-§Ä B-hn-jvI-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-ep-Å ]-cmP-bw F-¶nh-bmWv C¯cw taJ-e-I-fpsS hfÀ¨ XS-ªXv. ]c-¼-cm-KX taJ-e-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ kwL-S-\-IÄ Ch-bpsS hfÀ¨bv¡mbn Imcy-{]m-]vXn-tbmsS {]hÀ¯n-¡-Ww. tIc-f¯nsâ ]-c-¼-cm-K-XþI-c-Iu-i-e DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä s{]mtam«v sN¿p-¶-Xn-\mbn sIm-¨n-bn B-cw-`n-¡p-¶ ep-ep tjm-¸nw-Kv am-fn {]-tXy-I hn-`m-Kw Xs¶-bp-≠v. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ X-\Xmb ]-c-¼-cm-K-X Ip-SnÂ- hy-h-kmb-§Ä A-`n-hr-²n-s¸-«m B ta-J-e-bn \n-ch-[n sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Spw. hy-mh-kmbn-I cw-K¯pw km-¼¯n-I cw-K¯pw tIcfw A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¡p-¶ shÃp-hn-fnIÄ? sXm-gn-enÃm-bv-a-bpsS Imcy-¯n C´y-bn \m-emw-Øm-\-¯m-Wv tI-cfw. \n-c-h-[n- t]À hn-Zymk-¼-¶-cm-bn«pw A-hÀ¡v sXm-gn-enà F-¶ A-h-Ø hf-sc ]-cn-Xm-]-I-c-amWv. CXn\v ]cn-lmcw ImWm³ sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä kr-jvSn¡p-Isb¶-Xv k-aq-l-¯nsâ I-S-a-bmWv. FÃm hn`m-K-§-fp-sSbpw Iq«m-b ] cn{i-a-am-Wv CXn-\mbn th≠Xv. ]-©m-b-¯w-Kw ap-X ap-Jy-a{´n h-sc-bpff P\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-IÄ, hnhn-[ -X-e§fn-ep-ff _yqtdm-{Im-äp-IÄ, cm-{ão-b, kmw-kv-Imcn-I, hym]m-c-, hym-h-km-bnI ta-J-e-I-fn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-hÀ XpS-§n-b-h-cp-sS-sbÃmw tbm-Pn-¨ {]-hÀ-¯-\-¯n-eq-sS am-{X-sa bp-hm-¡-fp-sS t£-aw bmYmÀ-°y-am-¡m³ I-gnbp. A-¯-c-¯n H-cp N-e-\-ap≠m-bm sXm-gn-en-\mbn KÄ-^v cm-Py§-sf B-{i-bnt¡-≠ Øn-Xn X-s¶ CÃm-Xm-Ipw.

tI-c-f-¯n-sâ `m-hn-sb-¡p-dn-¨p-Å Xm-¦-fp-sS hn-e-bncp¯Â? hymh-km-bn-I-þ-km-¼-¯nI hnI-k-\-¯nsâ Imcyw hcp-t¼mÄ aäv kwØm-\-§-sf At]-£n¨v Gsd ]n¶n-emWv tIc-f-sa¶ bmYmÀ°yw A{X kpJ-apff Imcy-a-Ã. \n-t£-]IÀ¡v ]e ISp¯ shÃp-hnfn-Ifpw t\cn-tS≠ Ah-Ø-bm-Wn-hn-sS. ASn-Øm\ kuI-cy-§-fpsS A`m-h-amWv CXn {][m\w, {] tXy-In¨pw tIcfw t]mse P-\-km-{µ-X Iq-Sp-X-ep-Å Hcp kwØm-\¯v. \nt£-]-Isc BIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn _nkn-\kv kulr-Z A´-co£w tIc-f-¯n krjvSn-s¨-Sp-¡p-Isb-¶Xv R§-fpsS {][m\ D¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-am-Wv. Cu e£yw ssIh-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn kÀ¡mÀ GP³knIÄ GtIm-]n¸n¨v {]hÀ¯n-¡-Ww. hnI-k-\ {]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä-¡m-bn `qan Gsä-Sp-t¡≠-­n-h-cp-t¼mÄ IpSn-sbm-gn-¡-s¸-«-hÀ¡v kÀ¡mÀ X¡-Xmb \jvS-]cn-lmcw \ÂI-Ww, Ahsc ]p\-c-[n-h-kn-¸n-¡p-¶ -Xn-\mbn anI¨ ]²-Xn-IÄ Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p-Ibpw thWw. F¶m Cu shÃp-hn-fn-IÄs¡-Ãm-an-S-bnepw kv-amÀ-«v knän, hÃmÀ-¸m-Sw t]m-ep-Å h³]²-Xn-IÄ ]qÀ-¯n-bm-Ip-¶-tXmsS tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I hnI-k-\-¯n h³ Ip-Xn-¨p-Nm-«-¯n\mIpw hgn-Xp-d¡p-I. sIm-¨n sa-t{Sm, hn-gn-ªw Xp-d-ap-Jw XpS-§nb ]-²-Xn-IÄ {]mcw-`-L-«-¯n-em-sW-¦nepw _nkn-\kv kulr-Z-amb tIcfw krjvSn-s¨-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn ChsbÃmw t{]c-I-i-àn-I-fmIpw.

15


S T O R Y

LULU’S

NEW PROJECTS

B I G

epep FbÀt]mÀ«v tlm«Â, s\Sp-¼m-tÈcn

E M KE I L U L U Gro up a

[y-]qÀ-tÆ-jy-bn-se G-ähpw hen-b _n-kn\-kv irw-J-e-I-fn H-¶m-Wv Fw-sI {Kq¸v. 1966 bp-FC-bp-sS X-e-Øm\amb A_p-Zm-_n-bn ]nd-hn-sbSp¯ FwsI {Kq¸n\v Iogn hnhn[ KÄ^v cmPy§Ä, ba³, CuPn]väv F¶nhn-S-§-fn-embn h³ tjm-¸nwKv amfp-IÄ, 104-Hmfw ssl¸À amÀ¡-äp-IÄ, kq¸À amÀ¡-äp-IÄ, Un¸mÀ«vsaâ v tÌmdp-IÄ, XpS§n \nc-h[n Øm]-\-§Ä {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. bpFC tI{µambm-Wv {]hÀ¯n¡p¶sX¦n epw C´y, tlmt¦mwKv, Xmbvemâ v, kvs]bn³, Ct´mt\jy, sI\nb, Xm³km-\n-b XpS§n 19Hmfw cmPy§fnepw FwsI {Kq¸v km¶n-[ya-dn-bn-¨n-«p-≠v. bp-sI-bn-se {]apJ t¥m-_ do-s«-bv Câ-en-P³-kv Øm-]-\am-b ¹m\-äv dos«-bven-sâ {_m³-Uv dm-¦n-wKn a-[y-]qÀ-th-jy-bnse ssl-¸À-amÀ¡-äv irw-J-e-Ifn H¶m-a-Xmbpw an-Un Cu-ÌvþB-{^n-¡m do-PWen BdmaXmbpw FwsI {Kq¸v Xnc-sª-Sp-¡-s¸-«p. {Kq¸n\v Iogn-ep-ff {][m\ dos«bv iywJ-ebmb epep `-£y-h-kv-Xp-¡fp-sS DÂ-¸m-Z\w, kw-kv-I-c-Ww, Cd¡p-aXn, I-b-äp-aXn, hn-XcWw, tImÄ-Uv tÌmtd-Pv, shbÀ-lu-knwKv, tem-Pn-kv-änIvkv, {Sm-h Bâ v t{S-Uv XpS-§nb \nc-h[n ta-J-e-I-fn kPohamWv. an-Un Cu-kväv, CuÌv- G-jy, ssN-\, C´y, B{^n-¡ XpS§n temI-¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK-§-fn-embn epep hym]n¨p InS-¡p-¶p. B-tKm-f km-¼¯n-I {]-Xn-k-Ôn-bp-sS Im-e-L-«-¯nÂt¸mepw bm-sXmcp ]-cn-¡p-Ifpw Iq-Sm-sX {]-hÀ¯-\ an-IhneqsS _n-kn\-kv irw-J-e hym]n-¸n-¨v ap-t¶dnb KÄ-^n-se Npcp-¡w _n-kn\-kv Øm]-\§-fn-sem-¶mWv Fw-sI {Kq-¸v. I-gn-ª km-¼-¯n-I hÀj-w 4.3 _nÃy¬ tUm-f-dn-sâ (G-ItZiw 6400 tIm-Sn-cq-])- hn-äp-h-chmWvv {Kq¸v t\-Sn-bXv. Cu hÀ-jw 20 i-X-am-\w h-fÀ-¨- e-£y-an-Sp¶ epep, am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-b-d-Îdm-b Fw -F bq-k^enbpsS Iogn IqSpX Dbc§Ä Iog-S-¡m-\p-ff Xbm-sd-Sp-¸n-em-Wv.

19

cmPy§fn FwsI {Kq¸nsâ km¶n[yw

FwF temPn-kvänIvkv, Beph

epep t¢Hmh³ sdtÌmdâ v, XriqÀ

4.3 _nÃy¬ tUm-f-À

hn-äp-h-chv (Ignª km¼-¯nI hÀjw) epep KmÀU³ tlm«Âkv, XriqÀ

104

ssl¸À amÀ¡-äp-IÄ

16

20%

Cu hÀjw e£y-an-Sp¶ hfÀ¨

No.1 ¹m\-äv dos«-bven-sâ {_m³-Uv dm-¦n-wKn a-[y-]qÀ-thjy-bn-se ssl-¸ÀamÀ¡-äv irw-J-eIfn FwsI {Kq¸v H¶m-a-Xv


ImgvNbv¡¸pdw

sk]väw-_-dnÂ

sNbvXXv Fs´-¶mÂ.... 2012 mam≠v sk]väw-_À amkw C´ym alm-cm-Pyþ

t¯bpw \½psS C¯n-cn¡p-ª³ tIc-f-s¯bpw kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw km¼¯nI ]cn-jvIm-c-§-fpsS then-tbä Ime-am-bn-cp-¶p. Cu then-tb-ä-¯n Hcp-]n Sn \nÀ®m-bI Xocp-am-\-§Ä FaÀPv sNbvXp. AXn NneXv Ic-bv¡-Sn-ªp. _m¡n-bp-Åh alm-km-K-c¯n XncnsI ]Xn-¨p. Ic-] tUm taml³ änb Nne km¼n-fp-IÄ am{XhÀKokv sa-Sp¯v \½psS kmaqly cmjv{Sob `qX-¡-®-m-Sn-bpsS ASn-bn ]cn-tim-[-\ bv¡p h¨-t¸mÄ e`n-¨-Xm-Is« k½n-{i-amb Hcp Ahtem-I\ dnt¸mÀ«pw. F¶m Hcp Imcyw hyàw. tZiob XmÂ]-cy-¯nsâ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn¨v ]p¯³ Xe-apd cmjv{Sob amt\-PÀamÀ \S-¯nb c≠pw I¸n-¨pÅ \o¡-§-fmWv Zqc-hym-]I ^e-§-fp≠m¡m³ ]cym-]vXamb Nne ITn\ Xocp-am-\-§-fn-se-¯m³ tI{µþtI-cf kÀ¡m-cp-Isf {]m]vX-cm-¡n-b-Xv. Ah-bpsS s]mcpÄ tXSn-bp-Å Hcp bm{X-bmWv Cu teJ-\-¯nÂ. BZyw tI{µ-¯n-te¡v It®m-Sn¡mw. knFPn F¶ tZiob JP-\m-hnsâ ImhÂ\mbbv¡v ISn-¡m\m-hn-sÃ-¦nepw D¨-¯n Ipc-bv¡m\pw AXp-hgn bP-am-\sâ Dd¡w sISp-¯m\pw Ign-bp-sa¶v cmjv{Sw I≠p. 1.7 e£w tImSn-bpsS 2Pn kvs]Iv{S-¯n\v tijw CXm 1.8 e£w tImSn-bpsS I¡-cn-¸mS tee Ipw`-tIm-Whpw ]pd¯v h¶Xv knFPn dnt¸mÀ«n-eq-sS-. Cu tImÄtK-än Ipcp§n ]mÀe-saâ v kt½-f-\-§Ä XpSÀ¨-bmbn Ae-t¦meam-b-t¸mÄ bp]nF AXnsâ hnizkvX Ipcp-¡-gn-¡Â hnZ-Kv[³ {]W_v apJÀPnbpsS A`m-h¯nepw {]Xn-tcm[ anIhpIm«n ]nSn¨p\n ¶p. cmjv{S {i²-sb ]qÀ®-ambn hgn-Xn-cn-¨p-hn-Sm³ ] cym-]vX-amb Hcp hnjbw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p-sIm≠v ]pXn b ss{Iknkv amt\-PÀamÀ X{´-]-c-ambn \o§n. {] Xo-£n¨ t]mse \o¡w Ipdn¡p sIm≠p. Hä-b-Sn¡v I¡cn tKän-\p ]pd-¯v. AXm hcp¶p s]t{Sm-fnbw k_vknUn sh«n-¡p-d¨p sIm≠v Uok hne hÀ²-\ bpw ]mNI hmXI knen≠À \nb-{´-W-hpw. AtXmsSm¸w NnÃd hym]mc taJ-e-bn hntZi \nt£]w A\p-h-Zn-¨p-sIm≠pÅ {]Jym-]-\-hpw. C´y-bpsS hÀ²n¨phcp¶ [\-¡½n Ipd-¨p-sIm≠v h¶v hnI-k-\-¯n\v ]Ww Is≠¯pI F¶ {ia-I-camb ZuXy-amWv s]t{Sm-fnbw k_vknUn L«w L«ambn Hgn-hm-¡pI F¶ \b-¯n\p ]n¶nse {]Jy-m]n X bpàn. F¶m CXn\v Np¡m³]nSn¨ cmjv{Sob X{´ÚÀ¡v aäp Nne e£y-§Ä IqSnbp≠mbncp¶p. Ah A{]-Jy-m]nXw. H¶v, km¼¯nI ]cn-jvIcW \S-]-Sn-I-fpsS KXn-thKw Iq«n-bn-Ã-sb¦n hntZi \nt£]w aµo-`-hn¡pw F¶ Xncn-¨-dn-hv. bp ]n F kÀ¡m-cnsâ c≠man¶nwKvkn ]cn-jvIm-c-§Ä¡v kv]oUv t{_¡p-IÄ Øm]n-¨p-sIm≠v aaX _m\ÀPn hne-§p-X-Sn-bm-b-t¸mÄ GXp hnt[-\-bpw -XrW-aq-se¶ \qem-ame Hgn-hm¡n kÀ¡m-cnsâ hnI-k\ h≠n¡v thKw \ÂIm-\mWv Pbvdmw cta-iv, I]n kn_Â, NnZw-_cw {XnaqÀ¯n-IfpsS [\-Im-cym-[n-jvTn X cmjv{Sob _p²n D]-tZ-in-¨-Xv. Bâ-Wn, hb-emÀ chn XpS-§n tI{µ Iym_n-\änse ]mc-¼cy hmZn-Isf IqsS \nÀ¯m\pw ChÀ {ian-¨p. c≠v, apJy {]Xn-]£-amb F³UnF \nc-I-fnepw CSXv ]mf-b-¯nepw Bi-b-¡p-g¸w krjvSn¡pI-sb¶ cmjv{Sob Dt±-iw. CXv AXoh IrXy-X-tbmsS \S-¸n-em-¡m-\mbn F¶Xv bp]nF amt\-PÀam-cpsS ta·. aq¶mw ap¶Wn F¶ cmjv{Sob _Z-en-\m-bpÅ CSXp ap¶-Wn-bpsS taml§-fpsS ta Icn-\n-g hogv¯n-s¡m≠v apembw knwKv bmZhv adpI≠w NmSn. aaX t]mbm-se´v, apembw h¶p. IpSpan h¨--h³ t]mb-t¸mÄ ISp-¡-\n-«-h³ h¶-t]m-se. D¯À{]-tZ-inse ]cm-P-b-tijw DS-\Sn

tZiob XmÂ]-cy-¯nsâ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn¨v ]p¯³ Xe-apd cmjv{Sob amt\-PÀamÀ \S-¯nb c≠pw I¸n-¨pÅ \o¡-§-fmWv Zqc-hym-]I ^e-§-fp≠m¡m³ ]cym-]vXamb Nne ITn\ Xocp-am-\-§-fn-se-¯m³ tI{µþtI-cf kÀ¡m-cp-Isf {]m]vX-cm-¡n-bXv. Ah-bpsS s]mcpÄ tXSn-bp-Å bm{X...s]mXp-Xn-c-sªSp¸v B{K-ln-¡m¯ ambm-h-Xn-bpsS ]n´p-Wbpw {]Xo-£n-¡mw. XoÀ¶n-Ã, F³ Un F LS-I-I£n-bmb P\-Xm-ZÄ bpssW-äUpw {]I-S-a-mb bp]nF B`n-apJyw Im«n-¯p-S§n. emep-hn-sâbpw aäpw sNdp-I-£n-IÄ thsd-bpw. Iq«epw Ingn-¡-ep-ambn {] Xn-]£w kabw sa\-s¡-Sp-¯n-b-t¸mÄ bp]nFbpsS hnI-k\ h≠n ic-th-K-¯n-temSm\pÅ CÔ\w \nd¨p Ignªp. kmam\y P\-s¯ ]nW-¡m³ ]cym-]vX-amb Uok hnem-[n-jvTnX hne-¡-b-ähpw sNdp-InS hym]mcn-Isf k½À±-¯n-em-¡p¶ _lp-{_m³Uv hntZi Ip¯-I-IfpsS NnÃd hym]mc cwK-t¯-¡pÅ IS-¶ph-chpw Xm¡m-enI Xncn-¨-Sn-Isf tI{µ kÀ¡m-cn\v D≠m¡q F¶v C¡q-«À Icp-Xp-¶p. C\n Nne P\-{]n b \S-]-Sn-IÄ {]Xo-£n-¡mw. 2014 se s]mXp-XncsªSp-¸n\pap¼v Hcp ss]¦nfn _P-äv Iq-Sn. ]ns¶ FÃmw ip`w. IW-¡p-Iq-«-ep-IÄ \o-fp¶p. a³tam-l³ knwKns\ Ign-hp-sI« {][m-\-a-{´n-bmbn IhÀ tÌmdnbm¡n Nn{Xo-I-cn¨ ssSw amK-kns\ Ah-K-Wn-¡mw. At±lw B{I-a-tWmÂkp-IX Im«n-¯p-S-§n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. bp]nF H¶nsâ Ah-km\ ]mZ-¯n CS-Xp]£w DbÀ¯nb sImSp-¦m-äns\ AXn-Po-hn¨v ]n´p W ]n³h-en-¡Â F¶ cmjv{Sob D½m-¡n¡pt\sc sImª\w Ip¯n-s¡m≠v Ata-cn-¡-bp-ambn BWh IcmÀ H¸p hbv¡m³ Im«nb AtX ss[cyw aa-Xsb Hgn-hm¡n apem-bs¯ kzoI-cn¨p sIm≠v Ata-cn-¡³ _lp-cmjv{S Ip¯-I-bmb hmÄamÀ«n-\pÅ hgn Xpd¶p-sIm-Sp-¡p¶ Imcy-¯nepw BhÀ¯n-¡p-t¼mÄ H¶p-d-¸n-¡mw. At±lw ]S-¸p-d-¸m-Sn-em-Wv. C\n tIc-f-¯n-te¡v hcmw. C¡-gnª sk]väw_-À 12 apX 14 hsc \S-¯nb BtKmf \nt£-] I kwKaw AXn-thK _lp-Zqc Hm«-¡m-c-\mb apJya{´n D½³Nm≠nbpsS am{Xw Xe-bn-ep-Zn¨ Bi-b-a-Ã. C´y-bnse sSentImw hn¹h-¯n\v Np¡m³ ]nSn¡p-Ibpw tZiob t\mfPv I½o-jsâ sNbÀam-\mbn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvX kmw ]nt{Sm-UbpsS D]tZi tkh\w kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm≠v Hcp]nSn hnI-k\ taJ-e-Ifn hntZ-ihpw kztZ-i-hp-amb \nt£]w

kzoI-cn-¡m³ tIcfw Hcp§nb amk-am-bn-cp¶p sk ]väw_À. tIc-f-¯nse {]Xn-]-£-amb CSXpap¶Wnbpw tIm¬{K-knse bph-XpÀ¡n-I-fpsS Xncp-¯Â Iq«m-bva-bmb lcnX cmjv{Sob tem_nbpw aÕ-cn¨v FXnÀs¯-¦nepw \nt£-]I kwK-a-hp-ambn apt¶m«v t]mIm-\pÅ cmjv{Sob CÑm-iàn Im«n-s¡m≠v hyh-kmb a{´n Ipªm-en-¡p-«nbpw ap-Jy-a{´n D½³Nm≠nbpw XtâSw Im«n. `qan I¨-h-S-¡m-cmb sN¶m-bv¡q-«s¯ \nt£-]-Isâ B«n³ tXm [cn¸n¨v FaÀPnMv tIcf D¨-tIm-Sn¡v F¯n-¡p¶p F¶ Btcm-]-Ws¯ ^e-{]-Z-ambn {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m³ tIc-f¯nsâ `cWIÀ¯m-¡Ä¡pw Ah-cpsS ]n¶nse s]m fn-än-¡Â amt\-PÀamÀ¡pw Ign-ª-XmWv ]n¶oSv \mw I≠Xv. hyh-km-b-§Ä¡v D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯msX InS¡p¶ `qan Xncn-s¨-Sp¡pw F¶ [oc-amb {]Jym-]-\¯n-s\m¸w 40,000 tImSn-bpsS bYmÀ° \nt£-]-¯n\pÅ 45 t{]mP-IvSp-IÄ¡v [mc-W-bm-bXpw Im«ns¡m≠v apJy-a{´n hnaÀi-I-sc A¼-c-¸n-¨p. am{X-aÃ, `qan A[n-jvTnX hyh-km-b-§Ä¡p-ÅXn-t\-¡mÄ Bh-iy-¡mÀ aäp hyh-km-b-§Ä XpS-§m\p≠mbn F¶Xpw t\«-ambn FSp¯p Im«mw. Sqdn-kw, BtcmKy taJ-e-I-fn h³ apXÂap-S-¡n-\p-Å kml-N-cy-amWv kwPm-X-ambncn-¡p-¶-Xv. C\n ImX-emb tNmZyw. F´mWv bYmÀ°-¯nÂF-aÀPv sNbvXXv? hnhm-Z-§tfm Ah-k-c-§tfm? D¯cw IrXy-ambn \ÂIm-\m-hn-Ã. F¶n-cp-¶mepw ] d-b-s«, hmÀ¯-I-fn \ndªp \n¶Xv hnhm-Z-§Ä. ] t£, am[ya-§Ä ]d-bm³ aSn-¨, AYhm hn«p-t]m b Ccp≠ bmYmÀ°y-§-fpsS Imcytam? {]tXy-In¨v tZiob hfÀ¨m \nc¡v {]Xo-£n-¡-s¸« 6þ7 iXam-\-¯n \n¶v FÃm tdänwKv GP³kn-Ifpw 5þ5.5 iX-am-\-ambn Ipd¨ kml-N-cy-¯nÂ. `mcX kÀ¡mcnsâ `mK¯p \n¶v Nne IÀi\ km¼¯nI A¨-S¡ Xocp-am-\-§Ä FSp-¡m³ ka-b-am-bn-cn¡p¶p. 1991  XpS-§n-h¨ km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvIm-c-§-fpsS aq¶mw Xeapd \S-¸n-em-¡m³ C\nbpw Aam-´n-t¡-≠Xpt≠m? hyh-kmb temIhpw Hml-cnhn]-Wnbpw {]Xn-I-cn¨ coXn Bth-i-I-c-am-bn-cp¶p F¶-Xp-sIm≠v am{Xw ]cnjvIm-c-§-fpsS ta· hne-bn-cp-¯m-\m-hnÃmbn-cn-¡mw. ] t£, hnaÀi-IÀt]mepw k½-Xn-¡p¶ Hcp Imcy-ap≠v. \nt£-]-§-fpsS A`m-h-¯n hfÀ¨ km[yam-hn-Ã. AXn-\m tI{µ-¯nsâ ISp¯ Xocp-am-\s¯ hnaÀi\-]-c-ambn kzmKXw sN¿mw. Icp-X-tem-sS-bpÅ {] Xym-i-bp-am-hmw. Hmlcn hn]Wn 18 amks¯ Gähpw DbÀ¶ \ne-bn F¯n-bXpw tUmf-dn-s\-Xnsc C´y ³ cq]m Icp-¯mÀÖn-¨Xpw Xm¡m-enI {]Xn-`m-k tam tIhew kmt¦-XnI Xncp-¯Â {]{In-btbm am{Xa-söv {]Xo-£n-¡mw. AtXm-sSm¸w tIc-f-¯nsâ hnI-k\ apc-Sn-¸-I-äm³ "FaÀPnMv tIc-f'-bn-eqsS HgpIn-sb-¯p¶ \nt£-]-§Ä¡v Ign-bp-sa¶v Icp-Xmw. hnI-k-\hpw Icp-X-epw F¶ \bw ho¬hm-¡-söv sXfn-bn-¡m-\pÅ _m[yX tIcf kÀ¡mcn-\p≠v. FaÀPv sNbvX \b-§-fpsS ]«nI Ah-km-\n-¡pt¼mÄ FaÀPv sN¿-s¸-Sm-¯Xpw ASn-¯-«n `{Z-ambn IpSn-sIm-Åp-¶-Xp-amb H¶p≠v. cmjv{S XmÂ]cyw. Cu ASn-¯-d-bn \n¶p-sIm≠mWsÃm tI{µþtIcf kÀ¡m-cp-IÄ km¼-¯nI \b-§Ä Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p¶Xpw \S-¸m-¡p-¶-Xpw. \b-X{´w AXn-\p-Å D]m[n am{X-hpw. Gjy³ iàn F¶ \ne-bn \n¶v temIi-àn-bmbn Db-cm-\p-Å `mc-X-¯nsâ taml-§Ä¡v NndIpapf-¨n«v A[nI Ime-am-bn-«n-Ã-tÃm. hntZi \nt£-]-¯n\v A\p-Iqe A´-co-£-ap≠mIp¶-Xn\v B`y-´c cmjv{Sob bmYmÀ°y-§Ä XS-Ê-am-b-t¸mÄ C´y³ {][m-\-a{´n a³tam-l³ knwKpw tIcf apJya{´n D½³Nm≠nbpw XnIª km¼-¯nI A¨-S¡t¯m-sSm¸w H¶m´cw cmjv{Sob sabvhg-¡hpw Im«p¶ ImgvN I≠psIm≠mWv 2012 sk]väw-_À amkw Ah-km-\n-¨-Xv. hnX Ignªp, C\n Rmdp ] dn¨p \SoÂ, If \o¡Â, hf-anSo CXym-Zn. (Xn-cp-hà amÀ-t¯m-am tIm-sf-Pv s]m-fn-än-¡Â k-b³-kv Un¸mÀ-«v-saân-se A-tkm-kn-tb-äv s{]m-^-k-dm-Wv te-JI³)

17


kvs]j tÌmdn

cm-Py-¯n-sâ Pn-Un-]n-bp-sS

13% kw-`m-h-\ sN-¿p-¶Xv tem-Pnkv-än-Iv-kv cw-K-am-Wv

BtKmf tem-Pn-kvän-Iv-kv `q]S¯n 39þmw Øm-\-¯mbn-cp¶ C-´ybpsS Øm\w C-¶v

46

tem-Pn-kv-än-Ivkpw

Im-cy-£-a-aÃm-¯ K-Xm-K-X ku-I-cy§Ä k-¦oÀ-®am-b \n-Ip-Xn hy-h-k-Y hnZKv[ sXmgn-em-fn-IfpsS A`mhw kv-täm-td-Pv ku-I-cy-§fp-sS t]m-cmbv-a SmIvkv \-S-¸m-¡p-¶ -Xn-se A-]m-IXImÀtKm ¢n-b-d³-knep-Å A-]m-I-X

cm-Py-s¯ tem-Pn-kv-änIvkv cw-K-¯v tI-c-f-¯n-\p A-\n-tj[yam-b Øm-\-am-Wp-ÅXv. F-¶m K-Xm-K-X ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS Ipdhv, k-¦oÀ-®am-b \n-Ip-Xnhy-h-Ø, hnZKv[ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS A`mhw, kv-täm-td-Pv ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS t]m-cmbv-a, Kp-Uv-kv Bâ v kÀ-hok-kv SmIv-kv \-S-¸m-¡p-¶Xn-se A-]m-IX-IÄ, t]mÀ-«p-I-fn-se ImÀtKm ¢nb-d³-kn-ep-Å Im-e-Xmakw XpS-§n \n-ch-[n {]-iv\-§Ä A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¨v sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv Cu taJe. C-´y-bn-se B-Zy-s¯ {Sm³kv-j-n¸v-saâ v sSÀ-an-\ hÃmÀ-]mS-¯v I-½o-j³ sN-bv-Xv H-¶-chÀ-jw I-gn-ªn«pw \-½p-sS I-s≠-bv-\dp-IÄ-¡v C-hn-sS {Sm³kv-jn-¸v-saân-\p-Å ku-I-cy-§-fnÃ. Cu km-l-Ncyw sIm-fwt_m t]m-ep-Å Xp-d-apJ-§Ä ap-X-se-Sp-¡p-I-bm-Wv. tem-Pnkv-änIv-kv cw-Kw B-tKm-f-X-e-¯n hn-¹-h-I-cam-b amä§Ä-¡v hn-t[-b-am-bn sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ Im-el-c-W-s¸« \n-b-a-§-fpsS Ip-cp-¡n InS-¶p izmkw ap-«p-I-bmWvv \-½p-sS Nc-¡p K-Xm-K-X taJ-e.

{]tim`v sI ]n

N c-¡pK-Xm-K-X ta-J-ebn tem-Iw D-äpt\m-¡p-¶ cm-Py-am-Wv C-´y. \n-ehn cm-Py-¯n-sâ Pn-Un-]n-bp-sS

13 i-X-am-\hpw kw-`m-h-\ sN-¿p-¶Xv tem-Pn-k-än-Ivkv cw-K-am-Wv. thÄ-Uv _m-¦n-sâ tem-Pn-kv-än-Iv-kv s] À-t^m-a³-kv kqNn-I {]-Imcw BtKmf tem-Pn-kv-än-Iv-kv `--q]-S¯n A-©phÀ-jw ap-¼v 39þmw Øm-\-¯m-bn-cp¶ C-´y C-¶v 46te-¡v ]n-´-Å-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p. temI {i-² t\-Sn-s¡m-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ H-cp cm-Py-sa-¶ \n-e-bnÂ, {]-tXy-In-¨v hntZ-i \n-t£]-§Ä IS¶phcm³ t]m-Ip-¶ km-l-N-cy¯n Cu ta-J-e-bn hf-sc-b-[nIw {i-² \Â-tI-≠ k-a-bamWn-t¸mÄ. H-cp cm-Py-s¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨-S-t¯m-fw Zr-Vam-b tem-PnÌnIvkv irw-J-e- km-¼¯n-Ih-fÀ-¨-bv-¡p A-Xy-´m-t]£n-X-amWv. `m-hn-bn-se temI km-¼¯n-I kn-cmtI-{µsa-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v D-bÀ¶psIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ C-´y-¡v tem-Pn-kv-än-Iv-kv cw-K-s¯ A-h-K-Wn-¡m-³ I-gn-bnÃ. an-I-¨ co-Xn--bn-ep-Å Nc-¡pK-Xm-K-X ku-I-cy-§Ä H-cp-¡n sIm-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS tem-Icm-Py-§-fp-ambn hym]mc {]-{In-b-Ifn GÀ-s¸-Sm\pw H¸w cm-Py-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\]m-X- kp-K-a-am-¡m\pw km-[n-¡pw. D-]-t`m-àr tI-{µo-Ir-X-am-bn h-fÀ-¶p sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶ cm-Py-sa-¶ \n-ebn A-Xn-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡p tIm-«w X-«m-¯ co-Xnbn-ep-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fm-Wv K-h¬-saân-sâ `mK-¯p \n-¶v D-≠m-tI≠Xv. Ip-ä-a-ä co-Xn-bn-ep-Å Nc-¡pK-Xm-K-X irw-J-e cq-]s¸-Sp-¯n-sb-Sp-¯m am-{X-ta Cu h-fÀ-¨ \n-e-\nÀ-¯n sIm-≠p t]m-Im-\mhq. tdm-Uvþsd-bnÂþBImiþkap{Z K-Xm-K-X amÀ-K-§-fn-eq-sS X-S-Ê-§-fnÃm-¯ co-Xn-bn Nc-¡pIfpsS {Ib-hn-{Ib ku-I-cy-§-sfm-cp-¡n cm-Py¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I ]p-tcm-K-Xn-¡p Øn-c-X-bpw h-fÀ¨bpw Dd-¸p h-cp-¯-Ww.

18

\n-ch-[n {]-Xn-kÔnI-fm-Wv tem-Pn-kv-änI-kv cw-K-w C¶v A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¨p sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. Im-cy-£-aaÃm-¯ K-Xm-K-X ku-I-cy§Ä, k-¦oÀ-Wam-b \n-Ip-Xn hy-h-k-Y, am-\-h hn-`-hti-jn-bp-sS ssh-Zv-K-[y-anÃm-bv-a, kv-täm-td-Pv ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS t]m-cmbv-a, Kp-Uv-kv B³Uv kÀ-ho-kkv SmIvkv \-S-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn-se A-]m-IXIÄ, t]mÀ-«p-I-fn-se ImÀtKm ¢n-b-d³-kn-ep-Å A-] m-I-X-Ifpw A-Xn-s\ Xp-SÀ-¶v I-b-äpa-Xn, C-d-¡p-a-Xn cw-K-§-fn-ep-≠m-hp-¶ Im-e-Xm-a-khpw XpS§n H-«-\h-[n {]-iv-\-§Ä¡v \-Sp-hn-em-Wv cm-Pys-¯ tem-Pn-kv-än-Iv-kv cw-Kw {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xv.

tem-Pn-¡nÃm-sX tI-c-fw

hÃmÀ-]m-Sw I-s≠-bv-\À sSÀ-an\Â, hn-gn-ªw Xp-dap-Jw ]-²Xn, sIm¨n³ t]mÀ-«v... tem-Pnkv-än-Iv-kv F-¶p tIÄ-¡p-t¼mÄ tI-c-f-¯n-\p {]u-Vn-tbm-sS F-Sp-¯p ]-d-bm-\p-Å t]-cp-I-fm-Wn-h. F-¶m X-e-sb-Sp-t¸m-sS \nÂ-¡p-¶ Cu ]-²-Xn-I-fp-sS C-¶-s¯ A-h-Ø-sb´m-sW-¶v hn-e-bncpt-¯-≠-Xp≠v. tI-{µ-kÀ-¡mÀ 1700 tIm-Sn- cq] sN-e-hgn-¨v \nÀ-½n-¨ hÃmÀ-]m-Sw I-s≠bv-\À sSÀ-an-\ B-ZyhÀ-jwX-s¶ ]p-d-¯p-hn-«Xvv

\-ã-¯n-sâ I-W-¡p-I-fm-Wv. I-s≠-b-v\À sSÀ-an-\-en-sâ Hm-¸-td-j³ tPm-en-Ifn \n-¶pÅ h-cp-am-\-¯n-sâ aq¶n-sem-¶v {]-Xo-£n-¨n-cp-¶ sIm-¨n Xp-d-ap-J-¯n\pw \-ã-am-Wv kw-`-hn-¨Xv. {U-Uv-Pn-§v C-\-¯n {]-Xn-hÀjw 70 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \-ã-am-Wv sIm-¨n³ t]mÀ-«v {S-kv-än\v D-≠m-bXv. F-¦nepw I-t_m-«m-jv \n-b-a¯n h-¶ C-f-hv hÃmÀ-]m-S-¯n-\p ]p¯³ {]-Xo-£-I-fm-Wv \ÂIp-¶-Xv. hÃmÀ-]mS-¯v a-ZÀ-jn¸n Nc-¡v sIm-≠p h-¶v C-´ybn-se a-äp Xp-d-ap-J-§-fn-te-¡v sN-dp-I-¸-epIÄ h-gn F-¯n-¡m-\p-Å FÃmhn-[ ku-I-cyhpw H-cp¡n- sIm-Sp-¡p-I-bm-Wv th≠Xv. Bh-iy-¯n-\v Xp-d-ap-J§-fp-Å \-½p-sS \m-«n ]pXn-b Xp-d-ap-J-§Ä \nÀ-½n-¡m-\m-Wv `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ {i-²-]p-eÀ-¯p¶Xv. A-Xn-\p-]-Icw, H-cp I¸Â-t]mepw I-b-dm-¯, tIm-Sn-IÄ sN-e-hn-«v \nÀ-½n-¨ t_-¸qÀ Xp-d-apJ-s¯ F§-s\ ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯m-sa-¶v B-temNn¡Ww. \n-e-hn-ep-Å Pe-K-Xm-K-X -kw-hn[m\§-sf ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n-bm [-\-\-ã-anÃm-sX X-s¶ \-½p-sS k¼-Zvhy-hØ-sb IqSp-X i-àn-s¸-Sp-¯m³ km-[n-¡pw. H-cp t]mÀ-«v \nÀ-½n-s¨-Sp-¡m³ Np-cp-§n-b-Xv 300 tIm-Sn cq-]-sb¦nepw th-≠n-h-cpw. ]n-¶o-Sp-Å A-Xn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯\-§fpw aäpw \-S-¯n-s¡m≠p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xpw FÃmw tNÀ-¯v tIm-Sn-I-fm-bn-cn¡pw sNe-hphcnI. A§-s\ t\m-¡p-t¼mÄ I-¸Â I-b-dm-sX \-ã-¯n- {]-hÀ-¯n¡p¶ t_-¸qÀ t]m-ep-Å Xp-d-apJ-¯v A-hn-sS I-b-dm³ A\p-tbm-Pyam-b Nc-¡v I-¸Â \nÀ-½n-¨v K-Xm-K-X-¯n\m-bn hn\n-tbm-Kn¡p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv H-cp t]mw-hgn. A-Xv hf-sc em-`-I-c-hp-amWv. t_-¸qÀ Xp-d-ap-J-¯n-\v A\ptbm-Py-am-b 3.5 ao-äÀ {Um-^v-äpw 800 ao-äÀ \o-f-hp-ap-Å H-cp I-¸Â D-≠m-¡m³ 20 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv sNe-hv h-cp-¶Xv. C-Xn 15 S-®n-sâ 200 I-s≠-bv-\-dp-IÄ Ib-äm³ km-[n-¡pw. A-tXmsS 200 {S-¡p-IÄ tdm-Un \n-¶v \-ap-¡v ]n³-h-en-¡mw.


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tdm-Uv K-Xm-K-X-¯n-\p-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ 30 i-X-am-\w CÔ\w am-{X-sa P-e-K-XmK-X-¯n-\v sN-e-hm-Ip-I-bp-Åp. D-Zm-l-c-W-¯n\v, Kp-P-dm-¯nÂ\n-¶v H-cp {S-¡v sIm-¨nhsc Hm-Sn-sb-¯m³ 750 en-äÀ Uo-k-em-Wv \n-d-bv-t¡-≠-Xv. C¶-s¯ Uo-k hn-e-bpam-bn X-«n¨p-t\m-¡p-t¼mÄ CÔ\sNe-hv am-{Xw 33,000 cq] h-cpw. C-Xn kÀ-¡mÀ \Â-Ip-¶ k-_v-knUn-bmI-s« en-ä-dn-\v G-I-tZ-iw 16 cq-]-bmWv. cm-Py-s¯ F-®-¡¼-\nI-fmI-s« \-ã-¯n-epw, {S-¡p-I-fp-sSbpw a-äpw _m-lpeyw aq-ew tdmUn-emI-s« K-Xm-K-X Ip-cp-¡pw. C-§-s\-bp-Å \n-ch[n {]-iv-\-§Ä-¡v ]-cn-lm-c-ap-≠m-¡p-¶-Xn\pw C-Ô-\ em-`-¯n\pw Pe-K-Xm-KX-s¯ t{]m-Õm-ln-¸n-¡p-¶ k-ao-]-\-am-Wv D-≠m-tI-≠Xv. tI-cf-s¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨v Hcp I-¸Â B-gvNbn H-cpZnh-kw hn-gnªwþKp-P-dm-¯v tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v kÀ-¡p-eÀ kÀ-ho-kv \-S-¯n-bm tdm-Uv K-Xm-K-X-¯n-eq-sS-bp-≠m-Ip-¶ C-Ô-\ \-ãw CÃm-Xm-¡m³ km-[-n¡ -- pw. H-¸w B-bn-c-¡-W-¡n-\v In-tem-ao-ä-dp-IÄ Xm-≠n {S-¡n-se-¯p-¶ D-¸-¶-§Ä-¡v P-\-§Ä \Â-tI-≠n h-cp-¶ Aan-X hn-ebpw CÃm-Xm-¡m³ km-[n-¡pw. Cu h-kv-Xp-X-IÄ \n-e\nÂ-t¡ tIm-Sn-IÄ sN-e-hn-«v ]pXn-b tdm-Up-Ifpw ]pXn-b Xp-d-apJ§fpw \nÀ-½n-¡p¶-Xv \nÀ-_m-[w Xp-S-cp-I-bm-Wv. am-{X-aà \nÀ-`m-Ky-h-im ]-e-t¸m-gpw C¯cw hn-j-b§sf kw-_-Ôn-¨v th≠{X {Km-ly-anÃm¯-h-cm-Wv Cu t{]mP-Îv hÀ-¡p-I-fn ]-¦m-fn-I-fm-Ip-¶Xv. A-Xv Ku-c-h-amb ]cn-tim[-\-bv-¡v hn-t[-b-am-t¡-≠ H-¶mWv. hn-Nn-{Xam-b ]-e \n-b-a-§fpw tem-Pn-kv-än-Ivkv cw-K-¯n-\v Xn-cn-¨-Sn-bm-Im-dp≠v. B-tKm-f X-e-¯n h-¶n-«p-Å ]p-tcm-K-a\]-cam-b ]-e am-ä-§fpw A-dn-bm-¯-t]m-se-bp-Å Nn-e h-Ip-¸p-I-fn-se D-tZym-K-Ø-cp-sS C-S-s]-S H-cp kw-cw-`I-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨v I-\-¯ shÃp-hn-fn-bm-Wv D-bÀ-¯p-¶-Xv. A-Xn-\v ]-cn-lm-c-ap≠m-¡¯-¡ hn-[-¯n hy-à-X-bp-Å \-b-§fpw \n-b-a-§-fp-am-Wv \-½p-sS tem-Pn-kv-änIvkv cwK-¯v D-≠m-tI-≠Xv. \n-ehn C-´y-bn-te-¡p-Å _-lp-`q-cn]-£w I-s≠-bv-\-dp-Ifpw sIm-fw-t_m, k-eme, kn-wK¸qÀ Xp-S§n-b hntZ-i Xp-d-ap-J-§-fn-em-Wv ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶Xv. H-cphÀjw sIm-fw-t_mbn \m-ep Z-ie-£w I-s≠-bv-\-dp-I-fm-Wv ssI-Im-cyw sN-¿p-¶Xv. CXn 70 i-X-am-\hpw C´y³ I-s≠-bv-\-dp-I-fmWv. sIm-fw-t_m-bp-sS \n-e-\nÂ-¸v X-s¶ C-´y³ I-s≠-bv-\-dpI-sf ap¶n¡-≠mWv. C-´y-bn-se B-Zy-s¯ {Sm³-kvj-n-¸v-saâ v sSÀ-an-\ hÃmÀ-]mS-¯v I-½o-j³ sNbv-Xv H-¶-chÀ-jw I-gn-ªn«pw \-½p-sS I-s≠bv-\-dp-IÄ-¡v C-hn-sS {Sm³kv-jn-¸v-saân-\v ku-I-cy-§-fp-≠m-bn-cp-¶nÃ. I-t_m-«m-jv \n-b-a¯n Cf-hv A-\p-h-Zn-¨-Xn-eqsS \n-ch-[n I-¸-ep-IÄ¡p hÃmÀ-]m-S-t¯v-¡v IS-¶p h-cm³ I-gnbpw. am-{X-aÃ, hÃmÀ-]m-Sw A-\p-_-Ô-am-bn H-t«-sd ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv sIm-¨n e-£y-an-«n-cp-¡p-¶Xv. tem-Pn-kv-än-Ikvv ]mÀ-¡v, I-¸Â dn¸-bÀ bmÀUv, _-¦-dn-§v sSÀ-an\Â, {Iq-bn-kv sSÀan\Â, sh-bÀ lu-kn-Mv tI{µw F-¶n§-s\ \o-fp-I-bm-Wv ]-«n-I. cm-Py-t¯m-sSm-¸w kw-Øm-\-¯n\pw sXmgn cw-K¯pw _n-kn\-kv A-h-k-c-§-fnepw tem-Pn-kv-än-Iv-kv cwKw am-dp-¶-tXm-sS h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS ]-S-hp-IÄ Xm≠m³ I-gn-bpw.

sXm-gn-e-h-kc-§Ä \n-ch[n cm-Pys¯ {][m\ Is≠bv-\À sSÀan\embn amdp¶ hÃmÀ¸mSw H«\ h[n sXmgnehkc§Ä IqSnbmWv Xpd¡p-¶Xv. XpS¡¯n ]¯v e£w I-s≠bv\dpIÄ sSÀan\ ense¯psa¶mWv {]mYan I \nKa\w. CXn c≠v e£w I-s≠bv\dpIfpsS Ì-^nwKpw Uo-Ì-^nwKpw sIm¨nbnepw kao] {] tZi§fnembncn¡pw \-S¡pI. CXv 2000 sXmgnemfnIÄ¡v 200 sXmgn Zn\§Ä \ ÂIpsa¶pamWv {]mYanI IW¡v. AXmb-Xv 12 t]cS§p¶ Hcp kwLw sXmgnemfnIfmWv Ì^nwKn\v t]mIp¶sX¦n Znhtk\ Bdv Is≠bv-\dpIfn ChÀ {] hÀ¯\w ]qÀ¯nbm¡pw. Hcp I-s≠bv\À Ì^v sN¿p¶Xn\mbn Hcp Znhkw c≠v t]À¡v sXmgn e`n¡psa¶mWv icmicn I-W¡v. temPnÌnIv-kv amt\Pv-saân _ncpZhpw Fw_nFbpapÅ sNdp¸¡mÀ¡pw sSÀ-an\ {]Xo-£ \Â-Ip¶p. kss¹ sNbn³ FIv-knIyq«nhv XkvXn-II-fnepw km-[y-X-I-fmWv Chsc Im¯ncn¡p¶Xv. I¼\nIfpsS Bhiy¯n\\pkcn-¨v D¸¶§Ä I-s≠bv\À IW¡n\v sIm≠ph¶v Ipdª sNehn Bhiya\pkcn¨v hnXcWwsN¿p¶ taJebmWnXv. em`Icambn sN¿mhp¶ Cu _nkn\Ên kss¹ sNbn³ FIv-knIyq«o-hp-IÄ-¡v hen-b ]-¦mWpÅXv. I¸epIfnte¡pÅ `£W hnXcWw, I¸epIfpsS AäIpä]Wn, I-s≠bv\ dpIfpsS XpSÀbm{XIÄ, ImÀtKm kv-tämtdPv F¶o taJeIfnseÃmw [mcmfw sXmgnehkc§fp≠mhpw. sSÀan\en D]tbmKn¡p¶ hml\§fn CÔ\w \n dbv¡m\pÅ kuIcyw F¶nhbpw ]pXnb sXmgnehkc§Ä Xpd¡pw. Is≠bv-\ dpIfpsS D]tbmK£aX ]cntim[n¡p¶XmWv asämcp {][m\ taJe. CXn\mbpÅ ]cntim[\ tI{µ§fpw \nehn hcpw. Is≠bv\dpIfpsS tISp]mSv XoÀ¯v s] bnânwKv \S¯p¶ Hm^v-tjmÀ dns¸bdn§pw ]pXnb sXmgnehkc§fmWv hmKvZm\w sN¿p¶Xv. hÃmÀ¸mSw Is≠bv-\À sSÀan\ skkv taJebn DÄs¸Sp¶Xn\m \nch[n Øm]\§fpw ]pXpXmbn {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¡pw. Cu Øm]\§fnseÃmw Abnc¡W¡n\v sXmgnehkc§fp≠m-hpw. atejybn Hcp sSÀan\ XpS§n aq¶p hÀj¯n\Iw 724 Øm]\§fmWv kao] {]tZi¯v apfs]m«nbXv. Imcy£aamb ]ptcmKa\{]hÀ¯\w {]mhÀ¯nIambm CXpt]msemcp IpXn¨pNm«w sIm¨nbnepw {]Xo£n-¡mw. tIcf¯nsâ DÄ\mS³ Pe]mXIfn \n¶pÅ ImÀsKm _mÀPpIÄ hgn hÃmÀ¸mSs¯¯n¡msa¶Xpw asämcp t\«amWv. Cu kmlNcy¯n _mÀPv taJebnepw kwcw`IÀ¡pÅ Ahkc§Ä \nch[nbmWv. IpSmsX, h³tXmXn Is≠bv\dpIsf¯p¶tXmsS Ch \o¡p¶Xn\pw aäpambn \nch[n s{SbnedpIfpw Bhiyambn hcpw. CXv s{SbneÀ ss{UhÀamÀ¡pw sXmgnehkc§Ä Xpd¡pw. IqSmsX, jn-¸nwKv GP³knIfpsS hchpw sXmgnehkc§Ä hÀ[n¸n¡pw. F¡u≠âpIÄ, sSent^m¬ Hm¸tdäÀamÀ Xp-S§nb XkvXnIIfnseÃmw GP³knIfn sXmgnehkc§fp≠mhpw. GItZiw 200 I¸epIfnse {Iq sa¼ÀamcmWv {]XnhÀjw sIm¨nbnse¯p¶Xv. CXv sIm¨nbnse hnt\mZ

Follow-up hnI-k\ IpXn-¸n\v 10 taJ-e-IÄ k©mctaJebv¡pw ]p¯³ DWÀhv ]Icpw. sSÀan\ kµÀin¡p¶hcneqsS hnhc§Ä tiJcn¨v sIm¨nbnte¡v SqdnÌpIÄ hcp¶-Xv hÀ-²n-¡m\pw km[yXbp≠v. Sqdnkw cwK¯v am{Xw Hcp e£¯ntesd sXmgnehkc§Ä Xpd¡psa¶mWv IcpXp¶Xv. hÃmÀ¸mSs¯ hnIk\w kao] {Kma§fnepw hnIk\¯n-\v h-gn-sbm-cp¡pw. \nÀ½mWcwKw kPohamIp¶tXmsS Cu taJebnepw [mcmfw sXmgnehkc§fp≠mhpw. hÃmÀ]mSw Zzo]n 110 slÎÀ {]tZi¯mWv sSÀan\ \nÀ½n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. GItZiw 200 I¸epIfnse {Iq sa¼ÀamÀ sIm¨nbnse¯p¶tXmsS dnb Fkv-tääv taJebnepw h¼n¨ IpXn¨pNm«w {]Xo£n¡mw. Nc¡pIS¯n kabem`w, Npcp§nb sNe hnepÅ Nc¡pIS¯v, IbäpaXn cwKs¯ ]ptcmKa\w F¶nhsbms¡bmWv sSÀan\ensâ hcthmsS bmYmÀ°yamhpI.

am-Xr-I-bm¡mw a-te-jy-sb Ip-d-ª-Im-ew sI-m≠v H-cp {Sm³kvjn-¸v-saâ v ta-J-esb F§-s\ ap-¶n-se¯n-¡m-sa-¶v a-te-jy \-ap-¡v Im-«n-¯-cp¶p. a-te-jy-bn-te-¡pÅ I-s≠-bv-\-dp-I-sfÃmw kn-wK-¸q-cn-em-Wv {Sm³-kvjn-¸v sN-bv-Xncp-¶Xv. C-Xph-gn ]-W\-ãhpw k-a-b-\-ãhpw D-≠m-Ip-¶-Xm-bn a-tejy³ `-c-WIq-Sw a-\-Ên-em-¡n. DS\-Sn kz-´-am-bn {Sm³kvjn-¸v-saâ v sSÀ-an-\ \nÀ-an¨p. a-te-jy-bnse "Xm©pw s_-en-¸mkv' F-¶ sSÀ-an-\ A-§-s\-bp-≠m-b-XmWv. A-hn-sSbpw hnÃ-\m-bn I-t_m-«m-jv \n b-aw h-gn-apS-¡n\n¶p. H-Sphn `-c-W-IqSw \nb-aw am-än-sb-gpXn. cm-Py-s¯ apgp-h³ I-s≠-bv-\-dp-I-fpw Xm©pw s_-en-¸mkn X-s¶ ssIImcyw sN-¿m\pw kÀ¡mÀ Xo-cp-am-\n¨p. \nb-aw am-dn-b-tXm-sS Xm©pw Ip-Xn-¨p-bÀ¶p. B-Zy-Ime¯v c-≠v Z-ie-£w I-s≠-bv-\-dp-I-fmWv C-hn-sS ssIImcyw sN-bvXn-cp¶Xv. \n-b-a-X-SÊw am-dn-b-t¸mÄ an-I-¨ co-Xn-b-ep-Å h-fÀ-¨-bp≠m-bn. C-¶p a-äp cm-Py§-fn-se {Sm³kv-jn-¸v-saâpw C-hn-sS \-S-¡p-¶p. tem-I-s¯ G-ähpw hen-b 17þm-as¯ Xp-d-ap-J-am-bn Xm©pw s_-en-¸m-kv am-dn-bn-cn-¡p¶p. a-tejy³ hy-hkm-b tem-I-¯n\pw C-Xn-sâ t\-«-ap-≠mbn. hÃmÀ-]m-S-¯n-\p th-≠n t\-c-s¯ \nb-aw Cf-hp h-cp-¯n-bn-cp-s¶¦n Kp-W-]-cam-b am-ä-§-fp-≠m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p. \yq-kneâpw C-¯-c¯n am-ä-§Äh-cp-¯n t\«-§Ä D-≠m-¡nh-cp¶p.

19


S P E C I A L

S T O R Y

"temPnkvänIvkv ]mÀ¡p-IÄ kÀ¡mÀ ]-cn-K-W-\bnÂ' KpPdm¯v amXrI-bn kwØm\s¯ XpdapJ§Ä tI{µoI-cn¨v temPnkvänIvkv ]mÀ¡pIÄ Bcw-`n-¡m-³ kÀ-¡mÀ B-tem-Nn-¡p-w

sI _m-_p, F-Iv-ssk-kv, Xp-dap-J h-Ip-¸v a{´n

kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I ]p-tcm-K-Xn-bn K-Wyam-b ]-¦p-h-ln-¡p-hm³ tem-Pn-kv-än-Ivkv cw-K-¯n\p I-gnbpw. KpPdm¯v amXrI-bn kwkvYm\s¯

XpdapJ§Ä tI{µoI-cn¨v temPnkvän-Ivkv ]m À¡pIÄ Bcw-`n-¡m-³ kÀ-¡mÀ B-tem-Nn-¡p-w. H¸w kÀ¡mÀ ]Ww sNehgn¡msX tZiob]mX hnIk\¯n\v Ahew_n¡p¶ amXrIbn sImÃwþ -tIm«¸pdw tZiob Pe]mX hnIkn¸n¡p¶ Imcyhpw ]-cn-K-W-\-bn-emWvv. cm{ãob hntbmPn¸pI fpÅt¸mÄ Xs¶ XpdapJ hnIk\ cwK¯v KpPdm¯v amXrI-bm-Wv A-`n-Im-ayw. KpPdm¯v amcnssSw t_mÀUnsâ temPn-kvän-Ivkv ]mÀ¡m Wv C´ybn Cu cwKs¯ amXrIbmbn Nq≠n¡mWn¡s¸Sp¶Xv. Nc¡pKXmKX¯n\v Bhiyamb shkepIÄ \nÀ½n¡p¶Xn\v k_vkn Un \ÂIp¶XpÄs¸sSbpÅ \S-]-Sn-Ifpw kÀ¡mÀ kzoIcn-¡p-¶p≠v. sNdpXpw hepXpamb 17 XpdapJ§fpw 590 IntemaoäÀ ssZÀLyapÅ Xo-c {]tZihpw {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯mhp¶ tZiob Pe]mXbpapÅ tIcfw temPnkvän-Ivkv cwKs¯ Ahkc§Ä CXphsc th≠hn-[w D-]tbmKs¸Sp¯nbn«nÃ. XpdapJ§fpambpw Pe]mXIfpambpw _Ôs¸Sp¯n temPn-Ìn-Ivkv hyhkmb cwK¯v tIcf¯n\v Hcp]mSv apt¶m«pt]mIm³ Ignbpw. sImÃw-, t_-¸qÀ- Ago¡Â XpdapJ§sf _Ôs¸Sp¯n Nc¡v KXmKXw sa¨s¸Sp¯m³ kÀ¡mÀ {ian¨p-sIm≠n-cn¡pIbmWv. tdmUv amÀKapÅ Nc¡v KXm-K-X-¯nsâ 20 iXam\sa¦nepw PeamÀKw sIm-≠pt]mIm\p Å {iaamWv kÀ¡mÀ \S¯p¶Xv. tdmUpIÄ

temImx kakvXm kpJnt\m `h´p

\n§Ä C\nbpw IrjvW-Xp-fkn slbÀtSm-WnIv D]-tbm-Kn¨pXpS-§n-bntÃ? IrjvW-Xp-fkn slbÀtSm-WnIv Xmc\pw, apSn-sIm-gn-¨nen-\pw, Xe-th-Z\bv¡pw, Dd-¡an-Ãmbvabv¡pw

am{X-aà Dt·-j-¡pdhn\pw Bizmk{]Zw

KXmKX¯nc¡p-sIm≠v hoÀ¸pap«pIbmsW¦nepw `qanbpsS ZuÀe`yw ImcWw tdmUpIÄ C\n hnIkn ¸n¡m³ Ignbm¯ AhØ-bmWpÅXv. tIcf hnI k\¯n\v kmw ]nt{SmU \nÀtZin¨n«pÅ ]¯v ]² XnIfnsem¶v tImÌ jn-¸nwKmWv. AXns³d {]mcw` NÀ¨IÄ ]qÀ¯nbm-bn-«p≠v. sImÃw-þtIm« ¸pdw tZiob Pe]mX ]qÀ¯nbm¡p¶Xn\pÅ \S]-SnIÄ Ahkm\ L«¯nemWv. \nÀ-±njvS Pe]mX sImïp\n¶v Xncph\´]pcw hsc-bp-w tIm«¸pd ¯p\n¶v ImkÀtKmUv hscbpamWv. ]pXnb tZiob Pe]m-X hn-I-kn-¸n-¡m-\pÅ {iahpw H¸w \S¡p¶p≠v. F¶mÂ, A\phZn¨ tZiob Pe]mX ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbti-jw am-{X-ta ]pXn-b ]-²-Xn-IÄ A-\p-h-Zn-¡p-IbpÅq. kvamÀ«vknänbpw FÂF³Pn sSÀan\epsams¡ bm-YmÀ°yamIp¶tXmsS sIm¨nbn henb hnIk\amWv hcpI. CXns\ sbÃmw _Ôs¸Sp¯n temPnkvän-Iv-kv cwK¯pw {Sm³kvt]mÀt«j³ cwK¯pw \nt£]w \S¯m\p Å km[yX Gsd-bmWv. CXphgn [mcmfw sXmgneh kc§Ä krãn¡m\pw km[n¡pw. ]pXn-b hyhkmb taJeIÄ Is≠¯m\pw AhntS¡v \nt£]w B-IÀ-jn-¡phm\pw IqSpX sXmgnehkc§Ä krãn¡m\pw \ap¡v Ign-bWw. "FaÀPnMv tIc-f' \nt£-]I kw-K-a-¯n-sâ `mKambn tem Pn-kvän-Ivkv cwKs¯ ]p¯³ {]hWXIsf¡pdn¨v s{]mU Înhnän Iu¬knepw ^m¡¬ C³{^mkv{SIvNdpw tN À¶v kwLSn¸n¨ A´mcm{ã skan-\m-dn a{´n sI _m_p \-S¯n-b {]-kw-Ks-- ¯ B-kv-]-Z-am-¡n X-¿m-dm-¡n-bXv.

th≠-Xv hy-à-X-bp-Å \-b-§-fpw \n-b-a-§fpw

IrjvW

Xpfkn slbÀ tSmWn¡v

IrjvW-Xp-fkn I^vknd¸v D]-tbm-Kn¡q Npa, Pe-tZm-jw, Xp½Â, I^-s¡«v, GXp-am-Is« IrjvW-Xp-fkn I^vknd¸v ho«n IcpXq

IrjvW

MVM Ayurvedic Research Lab

Pooyappally P.O, Kollam. Ph. 2463788 e-mail : krishnathulsiherbals@yahoo.co.in www.krishnathulsi.com

20

Xpfkn I^v knd¸v

tPm¬-k¬ amXyp sI, sN-bÀ-am³ Bâ v am-t\-Pnw-Kv U-bdÎÀ, {Sm³-kvG-jy sse³

temPn-kv-än-Iv-kv cw-K-s¯ \n-ba§Ä t`-ZK-Xn h-cp-¯nbm am-{X-ta

t\«-§Ä ssI-h-cn-¡m-\mhq. Im-e-l-c-Ws¸-« \n-b-a-§Ä Cu cw-K-¯n-\v Xn-cn-¨-SnIÄ am-{X-am-Wv \Â-In-s¡m-≠n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. H-cp kw-cw-`I-s\ kw-_-Ôn-¨v B-tKm-f X-e-¯n h-¶n-«p-Å ]p-tcm-K-a-\-]-camb ]-e am-ä-§fpw A-dn-bm-¯-t]m-se-bp-Å D-tZym-K-Ø-cp-sS C-S-s]-S I-\-¯ shÃphn-fn-bm-Wv D-bÀ-¯p-¶-Xv. A-Xn-\v ]-cn-lmc-ap-≠m-¡¯-¡ hn-[-¯n hy-à-X-bp-Å \-b-§fpw \n-b-a-§-fp-am-Wv \-½p-sS tem-Pnkv-än-Ivkv cwK-¯v D-≠m-tI-≠-Xv. \n-ch-[n C-S-\n-e-¡mcneq-sS I-S-¶mWv H-cp DÂ-¸mZ-I-\nÂ\n-¶v D¸-¶w D-]-t`m-àm-hn-sâ I-¿n-se-¯p-¶-Xv. A-Xph-gn H-cp DÂ-¸-¶¯n-sâ B-sI hn-e-bp-sS 35 i-X-am-\-t¯mfw Xp-I D-]-t`m-àm-hv \Â-tI-≠nh-cp-¶p.

CXv F-¯n-t¨-cp-¶-XmI-s« C-S-\n-e-¡mcpsS I-¿n-epw. F-¶m tem-Pn-kv-än-Ivkv cwK-s¯ ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-Kn-¨m Cu sIm-Å-bv-¡v A-dp-Xnh-cp-¯m-\m-Ipw. \n-e-hn-ep-Å Pe-K-Xm-K-X-kw-hn[m\§sf ^-e-{]-Z-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n-bm [-\-\-ã-anÃm-sX X-s¶ \-½p-sS k¼-Zv hy-hØ-sb Iq-Sp-X i-àn-s¸-Sp-¯m³ km-[n-¡pw. tI-c-f-¯n- 550 In-tem-ao-äÀ Np-ä-f-hn Øn-Xn-sN-¿p-¶ Xp-d-ap-J-§fmWv A-go¡Â, t_-¸qÀ, sIm-¨n, X-¦ticn, hn-gn-ªw F-¶n-h. 1960þIfn \nÀ½n-¨ t_-¸qÀ Xp-d-ap-J-¯n-\v 2012 B-bn«pw Im-cyam-b ]p-tcmK-Xn D-≠m-bn-«nÃ. Cu Xp-d-ap-J-¯v A-Sp-¡p-hm-\p-Å I-¸Â CÃm¯-Xm-Wv {][m-\ Im-c-Ww. CXn-s\m-s¡]pdsa tIm-Sn-IÄ sN-e-hn-«v \nÀ-½n-¨ t_¸qÀ Xp-d-ap-J-¯v Xn-c-bp-sS X-Å-epw hmÀ^n-sâ \o-f-¡p-dhpw B-g-¡p-d-hp-saÃmw N-c-¡p-IÄ A-Sp-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v Xs¶ `o-jWn-bm-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. \m-gn-I-¡Ãm-hp-sa-¶p I-cpXn-b hÃmÀ]m-Shpw \n-c-¯p¶-Xv \-ã-¯n-sâ I-W-¡pI-fmWv. Bh-iy-¯n-\v Xp-d-ap-J-§-fp-Å \-½p-sS \m-«n ]pXn-b Xp-d-ap-J-§Ä \nÀ½n-¡m-\m-Wv \-½p-sS `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-IÄ {i-²-]p-eÀ-¯p-¶-Xv. tdm-Uv K-Xm-K-X-¯n\v D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ 30 i-X-am-\w CÔ\w am-{X-sa P-e-K-Xm-K-X-¯n-\v sNe-hm-Ip-I-bp-Åp. N-c-¡pþK-Xm-K-X ta-J-ebv-¡p A-\p-Iq-eam-b \n-b-a§Ä cq]-s¸Sp-¯p-Ibpw \ne-hn-epÅ ku-I-cy-§Ä th-≠ co-Xnbn {]-tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯pIbpw sNbvXm tem-Pn-kv-än-Iv-kneqsS t\-«-§Ä sIm¿mw.


ssewsseäv

IuinIv _kp temI _m¦nsâ t\Xr-\n-c-bn- temI _m¦nsâ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v t\XrXzw hln-¡p¶-h-cn {][m\ km¶n-[y-am-Im³ C´y¡mc

-\pw. temI _m¦nsâ No^v C¡-tWm-an-Ìmbpw ko\nbÀ sshkv {]kn-Uâmbpw \nb-an-X-\m-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv {]apJ km¼-¯nI hnZ-Kv[-\mb IuinIv _kp. tI{µ kÀ¡m-cnsâ No^v C¡-tWm-an-Ìmbn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-I-bmbn-cp¶ _kp-hn Gsd {]Xo-£bÀ¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv temIs¯ ]c-tam-¶X [\-Imcy Øm]-\w. ""temI_m-¦n\v IuinIv _kp hen-sbmcp kz¯v Xs¶-bm-bncn-¡pw. _kp-hnsâ A¡m-U-anIv t\«-§fpw C´y³ Kh¬saânse tkh-\-§fpw At±-ls¯ Cu ]Z-hn¡v

XoÀ¯pw tbmKy-\m-¡p¶p,'' temI_m¦v {]kn-Uâ v Pnw tbmwKv Inansâ hm¡p-IÄ. e≠³ kvIqÄ Hm^v C¡tWm-an-Ivkn \n¶pw ]nF¨vUn t\Snb _kphm Wv sUÂln kvIqÄ Hm^v C¡-tWm-an-Ivkn skâÀ t^mÀ sUh-e-]vsaâ v C¡-tWm-an-Ivkn\v XpS¡w Ipdn¨-Xv. a{Zmkv kvIqÄ Hm^v C¡-tWm-an-Ivknsâ Øm] Icnsem-cm-fp-amWv At±lw. e≠³ kvIqÄ Hm^v C¡tWm-an-Ivkv, {]n³kvS¬ bqWn-th-gvkn-än, FwsF-Sn, lmÀhmÀUv bqWn-th-gvknän XpS§n BtKmf {]i-kvXnbmÀÖn¨ \nc-h[n kÀh-I-em-im-e-I-fn hnkn-änwKv s{]m^-kÀ IqSn-bmWv cmPyw ]ß-`q-j³ \ÂIn-bm-Z-cn¨ _wKmÄ kztZ-in-bmb Cu km¼-¯nI hnZ-Kv[³.

chn ]nff sFSnbn h³ \nt£-]-¯n\v F aÀPnMv tIc-f-s¡mSp-hn tIÄ¡p-¶ ip`-I-c-amb hmÀ¯Ifn BÀ]n {Kq¸v amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ chn

]nÅbpw \nd-bp-I-bm-Wv. KÄ^nse Aw_m\n-sb¶v hnti-jn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ Cu {]hmkn ae-bmfn kwcw-`-I³ tIc-f-¯n sFSn cwK¯v h³ \nt£-]-¯n-s\m-cp-§p¶p. Xncp-h-\-´-]p-cs¯ sSIvt\m-]mÀ¡n BÀ ]n sSIv F¶ t]cn-epw sIm¨n-bn ss{_äv ssa³Uv F¶ t] cnepw c≠v I¼-\nIfp-am-bmWv sFSn taJ-e-bnse chn ]nÅbpsS tXtcm«w Bcw-`n-¡p¶Xv. BZy-L-«-¯n 500 t] À¡m-bn-cn¡pw BÀ]n sS¡pw ss{_äv ssa³Upw sXmgn \ ÂIpI. kuZn Atd_y, bpFC XpS-§n-b- KÄ^v \mSpIfn-te¡v Bh-iy-am-b sFSn tk h-\-§Ä¡v ap³K-W\ \ÂIn bmbn-cn¡pw kwcw-`-§-fpsS B

Zy-L« {]hÀ¯\w. IqSmsX Ata-cn-¡, bqtdm¸v XpS§nb cmPy-§-fn \n¶p-ff _nkn-\kpw chn ]nff e£y-an-Sp¶p. sFSn-s¡m¸w tlm«Â cwK¯pw IqSp-X \nt£-]-¯n\v (GI-tZiw 200 tImSn cq]-bp-sS) chn ]nff Xbm-sd-Sp-¡p-¶p≠v. anUn CuÌv cmPy-§-fn Gä-hp-a[nIw C´y-¡mÀ¡v tPmen \ÂIp¶ kwcw-`-I-\mWv _ lvdn³ BØm-\-amb F³-FkvF¨v tImÀ¸tdjsâbpw kuZn Atd_y BØm-\-amb s]t{Sm-sI-an-sâbpw Øm]-I-\mb chn ]nf-f.

dnb FtÌäv sUh-e-¸À Hm^v Z CbÀ dn

b FtÌ-äv cwKs¯ h³{Kq-¸mb tim` sUh-et¸-gvknsâ sNbÀam³ ]nF³kn tat\ms\ tXSn ho≠p-samcp _lp-aXn IqSnsb-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. {]apJ dnb FtÌäv {]kn-²oI-c-W-amb I¬kv{S-£³ ho¡nsâ 2012se dnb Fkvtääv sUh-e-¸À Hm^v Z CbÀ ]pc-kvIm-c-amWv BtKmf {]i-kvX-\mb Cu kwcw-`-I-s\-t¯Snsb¯n-bncn-¡p-¶-Xv. tat\msâ kwcw`I]mShhpw t\XrKpW-hpw Akm-[m-c-W-am-sW-¶mWv AhmÀUv \nÀ®b I½nän hne-bn-cp-¯n-bXv. ]n F³ kn tat\m\v Cc-«n-a-[p-csa¶ t]mse tim` sUhe-t¸gvkv Xriq-cn ]Wn Ign-¸n¨ "tim`m tSm¸mkv' cmPys¯ anI¨ c≠mas¯ Aw_-c-Npw-_n-bmbpw Xncsª-Sp-¡-s¸-«p.

21


kwcw-`-IXzw

THE ENTREPRENEUR

kwcw-`-I-Xz¯n {][m\w

A`n-cpNn kz

´-am-sbmcp kwcw-`w, anI¨ hcp-am-\w, AXpw F{X sNdp-¸¯n Xs¶ t\Sm-\m-hp-¶pthm A{Xbpw \Ã-Xv... C¯-c-¯n Nn´n¡p¶ bphm-¡-fpsS F®w Zn\w-{]Xn IqSp-I-bmWv. aÂk-cm-[n-jvTn-X-amb C¶s¯ temI-{I-a-¯n bphm-¡-fn C¯-c-samcp kwcw-`-IXz Nn´ DS-se-Sp-¡p-¶Xv A`n-Im-ay-am-sW-¦n-epw icn-bmb coXn-bne-Ãm-sX-bpÅ \nt£-]w km¼-¯nI ]cm-[o-\X-bn-te¡v hgn-sh-¡pw. h³ ]²-Xn-IÄ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv kwcw-`-I- tem-I-t¯¡v Cd-§pw-ap¼v bph-kwcw-`-IÀ \nÀ_-Ô-ambpw Adn-ªn-cnt¡≠ Nne Imcy§-fp≠v.

]mTw

1

A`n-cpNn 24þmw hbkn kwcw-`-IXz¯nte¡p IS-¶ Rm³ kz´w A\p-` -h-¯nÂ\n¶pw a\Ên-em¡n-bXv Hcp bph-kw-cw-`-Isâ hnP-b-¯n se Gähpw {][m-\-amb LSIw

UÂln BØm-\-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ temI¯nse Gähpw henb Hm¬sse³ C´y³ CtaPv _m¦mb Cta-Pkv _mkm-dnsâ Øm] I\pw No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«nhv Hm^o-k-dp-amWv kµo]v atl-iz-cn. {^oem³kv t^mt«m-{K-m^dmbn Pohn-X-am-cw-`n¨v kwcw-`-I- tem-I¯v hnPb-KmY cNn¨ kµo]v atl-izcn {KÙ-IÀ¯mhv, tam«n-th-j-W kv]o¡À F¶o \ne-I-fn epw {]ikvX\mWv. 45-e-[nIw cmjv{S-§-fnembn 7000-¯n-e-[nIw CS-]m-Sp-ImÀ Cta-Pkv _mkm-dn\p≠v. {_n«ojv Iu¬kn-ensâ bwKv {Intb-äohv F³{S-{]-WÀ, _nkn-\kv thÄUn sâ tamÌv t{]man-knwKv F³{S{]-WÀ C³ C´y XpS§n A´m-cmjv{S Xe-¯n \nc-h[n AwKo-Im-c-§Ä e`n-¨n-«p-ff kwcw-`-I-\m Wv kµo]v atl-iz-cn. kwcw-`IÀ¡mbn A\p-`h-§-fn \n¶mÀÖn¨ Nne ]mT-§Ä ]¦p-hbv¡p-I-bmWv At±lw A`n-cp-Nn-bm-sW-¶-Xm-Wv. aäp-Å-h-cpsS \nÀtZi {]Im-chpw amÀ¡-änse s{S³Un-\-\p-k-cn-¨pw kwcw-`-I-Xz-¯n-te-¡n-d§pw ap¼v, Xnc-sª-Sp¯ kwcw-`-I Bibw, Xsâ A`n-cp-Nn-¡v CW-§p-¶-Xm-tWm-sb¶v kzbw ]cn-tim-[n-t¡-≠Xv A\nhm-cy-am-Wv. kz´w A`n-cp-Nn-¡pw Xm¸cy-¯n-\pw C-W§nb _nkn-\kv Xnc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-eqsS tPmen-tbm-SpÅ Xm¸cyhpw hÀ²n-¡pw. AXn-eq-sS, kwcw-`-¯nsâ hnPb km[y-Xbpw hÀ²n-¡p-¶p. F\n¡v t^mt«m-{K^n-bn-epÅ Xm¸-cyam-Wv, 8000 t^mt«m-IÄ sIm≠v XpS-¡-an« Cta-Pkv _mkmÀ C¶v ]¯v e£w t^mt«m-I-fm k¼¶-amb BtKmf kwcw-`-am-bn- h-fcm³ ImcWw. ASn-Øm-\-]-c-ambn Hcp t^mt«m-{Km-^-dm-b-Xn-\m Fsâ _nkn-\-knsâ kmt¦-Xn-I-]c-amb FÃm Imcy-§-fnepw hyàamb [mcW F\n-¡p-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. kabw I¿n-semXp-¡pI kwcw`I-Xz¯nsâ BZy-Ime-§-fn 24x7 F¶ {]hÀ¯\-ssi-en-bmWv Hmtcm kwcw-`-I\pw kzoI-cn-t¡≠Xv. Hmtcm \nan-jhpw {]hÀ¯-\-£-a-am-¡p-¶XneqsS hnP-b-¯n-te-¡pÅ Zqchpw Ipdbpw. Cta-Pkv _mkm-dnsâ BZyhÀj-§-fn 16þ18 aWn-¡qÀ hsc Hm^o-kn Rm³ sNe-hgn¨n«p≠v. C¯-c-¯n kabw \o¡nhbv-¡p¶-Xn-eqsS kz´w kwcw-`-¯nsâ {] hÀ¯-\-s¯-]änbpff AþZ a\-kn-em¡m³ \n§Ä¡v km[n¡pw.

]mTw

2

apX-em-fn-bm-ImsX sXmgn-em-fnbm-IpI aqe-[\w sNdptXm heptXm BI-s«, km¼-¯n-Iam-bpw kmaq-ln-I-ambpw kwcw-`s¯ Db-c-§-fn-se-¯n¡m³ ITn-\-{]-b-Xv\-t¯m-sSm¸w Xs¶ Xsâ _nkn-\-kp-ambn _Ôs¸« GXp sXmgn sN¿m\pff a\-:Øn-Xnbpw kwcw-`-I\v th­-

]mTw

3

22

≠Xp≠­v.-apX-em-fn-bm-sW¶ `mhw IqSmsX kz´w {]Øm-\-¯n F´p sXmgn sN ¿p-hm\pw Hcp kwcw-`-I³ X¿m-dm-h-Ww. C ta-Pkv _mkm-dnsâ BZy-Im-e-§-fn t^m t«m-{Km-^À, I¬k]väv hnjz-sse-kÀ, BÀ «v Ub-d-IvSÀ, IÌ-aÀ kt¸mÀ«v FIvkn-Iyq -«ohv, amÀ¡-änwKv slUv, sh_vsskäv Un ssk-\À XpS§n No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv Hm^o-kÀ hsc-bpÅ \nc-h[n tdmfp-IÄ F\n¡v kzbw \nÀh-ln-t¡≠n h¶n-«p≠v. kl-{]-hÀ¯-IÀ¡nS-bn tae-[n-Im-cn-sb¡p-dn¨v anI¨ {]Xn-Ñmb D≠mIm\pw CXp]-I-cn-¡pw. Poh-\-¡mÀ Ah-cn Hcm-fmbn \n§sf ImWp-Ibpw Øm]-\w Ah-cp-tSXp-Iq-Sn-bm-sW¶ Nn´-bn BßmÀ°-Xtbm-sS Imcy-§Ä \S-¸m¡p-IbpwsN¿pw. ià-amb kmaq-lnI ]n´pW kplr-¯p-¡Ä, IpSpw-_mw-K-§Ä, sXmgnem-fn-IÄ F¶n-h-cmWv Hcp kwcw-`-Is\ kw_Ôn¨n-S-t¯mfw a\-¡-cp¯v {]Zm\w sN¿p¶ {][m\ LS-I-§Ä. hnP-b-¯nepw ]cmP-b-¯nepw H¸w \n¡p¶ Xc-¯n ChcpsS ]n´pW Dd-¸m-¡m³ \n§Ä¡v km[n¡-Ww. CXv kwcw-`-I-\n t]mkn-äohv Nn´-IÄ hfÀ¯pw. ]pXnb ]²-Xn-IÄ Bcw-`n-¡p-¶Xn\pw icn-bmb Zni-bn {] hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xn-\pw kaq-l-¯nsâ hnhn[ hn`m-K-§-fn \n¶p-ff ià-amb ]n´pW A\n-hm-cy-amWv.

]mTw

4

Db-c-§Ä e£y-an-SpI tImÀ¸-tdäv Xe-¯n-epw, km¼-¯n-I-þ-km-aq-lnI Xe-§-fnepw Db-c-§Ä e£y-an-Sm³ Hmtcm kwcw-`-I\pw XpS¡w apX {i²m-ep-hm-IWw. hogvN-bn \n¶pw ]pXnb ]mT§Ä DÄs¡m≠v, IqSp-X Icp-t¯msS apt¶-dphm³ anI¨ e£y-§Ä klm-b-I-c-am-Ipw.

]mTw

5


hn]WnbnÂ

hnPbw t\Sm³

_n kn\Ên Ahkc§Ä Is≠¯pI F¶Xv hfsc {ia Icamb {]{InbbmWv. aäpÅ hÀ sNbvXv hnPbn¨ _nkn\ Êns\ ]n´pScm\mWv ]ecpw {ian¡p¶Xv. Ahkc§Ä Is≠­-¯n-bm ]n¶oSv {i²n t¡≠Xv XncsªSp¯ Ah kc§Ä {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯m³ km[n¡ptam, AXn\v th≠{X hn]Wnbpt≠m Fs¶ms¡ At\zjn¡pIbmWv. AXv sN ¿p¶Xn\v {][m\ambpw Xmsg¸-d-bp¶ aq¶v tNmZy§Ä \½ Ä kzbw tNmZnt¡≠­-Xp-≠v. 1. XncsªSp¯ D¸¶w \½Ä¡v D¸mZn¸n¡phm³ km[n¡ptam? 2. D¸mZn¸n¨p Ignªm hn¡m³ ]äptam? 3. hnäm em`w In«ptam? C{Xbpw hnhc§Ä Adnbp¶Xn\pth≠nbmWv {] [m-\-ambpw amÀ¡äv kÀtÆ \S¯p¶Xv. D]-t`m-àmhnsâ Bhiy§Ä Adnªv D¸¶§Ä D¸mZn¸n¨m am{Xta hn]Wnbn ]nSn¨p \n ¡m\mIq. D]-t`m-àm-hnsâ A`n-cp-NnIÄ amdp¶Xn\\p kcn¨v D¸¶¯nsâ khntijXIfnepw amäw D≠mIWw. amÀ¡änwKv amt\Pvsaânsâ hniz{]kn² Kpcphmb s{]m ^nen¸v tIm«veÀ {]Xn]mZn¨Xv C§--s\: ""D¸mZI³ Xsâ D¸¶w D]t`mIvXmhnte¡v F¯n¡pt¼mÄ BWv hn] W\w \S¡p¶Xv. hn]W\w XSÊanÃmsX \S¶mte _nkn\kv hnPbn¡pIbpÅq. ]e D¸mZIcpw D]t`mIvXm hnsâ Bhiy§sf bYmhn[n a\Ênem¡msXbmWv D¸mZ \w \S¯p¶Xv. \½psS kuIcy¯n\v D¸¶w D≠m¡p¶Xn\v ]Icw D] t`mIvXmhnsâ Bhiy¯n\ \pkcn¨v D¸¶§Ä D≠m¡Ww.'' F¶m C¶v ]e sNdpInS kwcw`§fpw CsXm¶pw sN¿p¶nÃ. D¸¶w D≠m¡nbm Ffp¸¯n hn¡phm³ km[n¡pw F¶ Nn´bmWv ] eÀ¡pw. AXpsIm≠p Xs¶ ]et¸mgpw A¯cw kwcw-`-§Ä \ne\n¡mdnÃ. _nkn\Ênsâ hnPb¯n amÀ¡äv kÀtÆbpsS A\nhmcyXsb Nq≠n¡mWn ¡p¶Xn\v th≠nbmWv C{Xbpw ]dªXv. C\n F§s\ bmWv amÀ¡äv kÀtÆ \S¯p¶sX¶v ] cn-tim-[n¡mw. BZyambn GXv D¸¶w XncsªSp¡pt¼mgpw AXnsâ D]t`mIvXmhv

BcmsW¶v \½Ä Adn-ªn-cn¡Ww. Hcp KmÀsaâ v _nkn\kv \S¯pt¼mÄ AXns\ ]eXmbn Xcw Xncn¡mw. sIm¨pIp«nIÄ¡v kv{XoIÄ¡v B¬Ip«nIÄ¡v s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡v apXnÀ¶ BfpIÄ¡v

km[n¡pw. Cu hnhc§fpsS ASnkvYm\¯n D¸¶¯n\v th≠ khn-ti-j-X-IÄ, KpW\nehmcw F¶nh \nivNbn¡m³ Ignbpw. AtXmsSm¸w B taJebnep Å Ct¸mgs¯ _nkn\ÊpImsc¡p dn¨v Adnbphm\pw Ignbpw. am{X-a-Ã, AhcpsS D¸¶¯nsâ khntijXIfpw t]mcmbvaIfpw a\Ênem¡phm \pw km[n¡pw. Hcp]t£, \½psS FXnÀ _nkn-\kv {Kq¸p-I-fpsS t]mcm bvaIÄ ]cn-l-cn¨v D]t`mIvXmhn\v Bhiyamb D¸¶§Ä e`y-am-¡phm³ \ap¡v Ignbpw. _nkn\Ên D]t`mIvXm hn\mWtÃm apJy Øm\w. At¸mÄ AhcpsS Bhiy§Ä I≠dnªv D¸mZn¸n¡Ww. CXns\Ãmw amÀ¡äv kÀtÆ klmbn¡pw. hn Fkv kpIpamc³

CXp IqSmsX hnebpsS ASnkvYm\¯n Â, {]tXyI Bhiy¯n\pÅ D¸¶ §Ä, F¶n§s\bpw XcwXncn¡mw. C§s\ sN¿pt¼mÄ Hcp ]cn[n hsc \ap¡v D]t`mIvXmhnsâ GItZi Nn{Xw e`n-¡pw. AXn\\pkcn¨v D¸¶¯nsâ khntijXIÄ Fs´Ãmsa¶v Xocpam\n ¡mw. Hcp sdUnsabvUv KmÀsaâ v D¸mZI bqWnämsW¦n hne Ipdª D¸¶amtWm, hne IqSnb D¸¶amtWm, CS¯cw hnebpÅ D¸¶amtWm D≠mt¡≠sX¶v Xocpam\n¡mw. F³{S{]WÀjn¸v sUhe]vsaâ vC³kvänäyq«v AXn\mhiyamb Hcp tNmZymhen Hm^v C´ybnse ^m¡-Âän-bmWv teJ-I³. CþsabnÂ: vssukumaran@ediindia.org D≠m¡n hnh-c-§Ä tiJcn¡m³

ssSt¡m¬ tIcf 25, 26 Xob-Xn-I-fn kw

D]t`mIvXmhnsâ Bhiyw

cw-`-I-cp-tSbpw s{]m^-j-W-ep-I-fp-tSbpw Gähpw henb kt½-f-\-amb ssSt¡m¬ (TiEcon) tIcf 2012\v Z C³Ukv Hm¬{S-t{]-tW-gvknsâ (ssS) kwØm\ Nm]vä-dmb ssS tIcf BXn-tY-bXzw hln-¡pw. HIvtSm-_À 25, 26 XobXn-I-fn sIm¨n se sado-Un-b³ I¬sh³j³ skâ-dn-em-bn-cn¡pw kt½f-\w. Ata-cn-¡-bnse knen-¡¬ hmen-bn XpS¡w Ipdn¨ ssS BtKm-f-X-e¯n {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ kwcw-`-I-cpsS Gähpw henb irwJ-e-bm-Wv. HIvtSm-_À 25 \v cmhnse 9.30\v apJy-a{´n D½-³Nm≠n kt½-f\w DZvLm-S\w sN��-pw. ssS tIcf {]kn-Uâ v tPm¬ sI t]mÄ A[y-£X hln-¡p¶ kt½-f-\¯n ssS t¥m_ sNbÀam³ AtimIv dmhp apJy {]`m-jWw \S-¯-pw. ssS t¥m_ Øm]I sNbÀam\pw C³shâkv Im¸nä ]mÀSvWgvkv amt\-PnwKv ]mÀSvWÀ I³sh scJnbpw kt½-tf\¯n ]s¦-Sp-¡pw. ssS tIcfbpsS {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä hym]n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ `mK-am-bmWv ssSt¡m¬ tIcf kwL-Sn¸n-¡-p-¶-sX¶v ssS tIcf {]kn-Uâ v tPm¬ sI t]mÄ ]d-ªp. tIc-f-¯n kwL-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ BZys¯ kt½-f-\-am-Wn-Xv. ]pXnb Xe-ap-dbv¡v ]cn-Nb k¼-¶cpw hnP-bn-I-fp-amb kwcw-`-I-cp-ambn t\cn«v kwh-Zn¡p ¶-Xn\v Ah-kcw \ÂIp-¶XmWv ssS t¡m¬ tIcf. IqSp-X hnh-c§Ä¡v 0484 For All Your 4015752/ 3248735 Property e-mail: tiecon@ Related tiekerala. Requirements org Website: in Kerala www. tieconkerala.org

BUY / SELL/ RENT YOUR PROPERTY

D¸mZI³

D]t`mIvXmhv D¸¶w

^oUv_m¡v

Call: 9447033800

23


kwcw-`-IXzw Quality + Excellence =

Success

Hcp kwcw-`-¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¡pI F¶Xv A{X _p²n-ap-t«-dnb

ImcyaÃ, ]t£ B kwcw-`s¯ hfÀ ¯n hep-Xm¡n ap³\nc-bn F¯n¡pI F¶Xpw D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡n-Sbn AXnsâ P\-Io-b-Xbpw amÀ¡än AXnsâ kzoIm-cyXbpw hÀ²n-¸n¡pI F¶Xpw Hcp I¼-\nsb kw_Ôn¨v Gsd _p²n-ap-t«-dnb Imcy§fmWv. AXn-\mÂXs¶ X§-fpsS {_m³Uv s\bnw amÀ¡-än kPo-hambn \nÀ¯p-¶-Xn I¼-\n-bpsS {] hÀ¯\w Ft¸mgpw KpWta·-bn-e-[njvTn-X-am-bn-cn-¡-Ww. Izmfn-än, FIvke-³kv F¶o hm¡p-IÄ Hcp I¼-\nbpsS hfÀ¨-bn th≠ \nÀ ®m-b-Iamb c≠p KpW-§-sfbmWv kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v KpW-ta-·-bpÅ D¸-¶-§fpw anI¨ tkh\hpw e`y-am-¡p-I F¶-Xmbncn¡Ww Hcp I¼-\n-bpsS {][m\ e£yw. C¶s¯ Ime-L-«-¯n GsXmcp hyànbpw D¸-¶-¯n \n¶pw Hcp Øm]-\-¯n \n ¶pw {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶Xv anI¨ KpW-ta·bpw tkh-\-hp-am-Wv. ]c-ky-§fpw amÀ¡-änwKv SmKvsse\p-Ifpw am{X-aà Hcp Øm]-\s¯ ap³\nc-bn-se-¯n¡p-¶sX¶v Ft¸mgpw HmÀ¡-Ww. KpW-\n-e-hmcw {]hÀ¯-\-¯n hcp¯m-\m-bn-sÃ-¦n C¯cw s{]mtam-jW X{´-§-sfÃmw shdp-sX-bm-Ipw. Øm]-\-¯nse -Poh-\-¡mcpw

24

"Efficiency is doing things right. Effectiveness is doing right thing. Exellence is doing right things right."

tUm dmjnZv AhÀ tPmen A eow, sN¿p¶ coXn-bpUb-d-IvSÀ saÃmw I¼-\n-bpsS P\d hfÀ¨bn {][m\ ]¦p hln-¡p¶ LS-I-§-fm-Wv.- Kp-W-ta· F¶Xv Hcp I¼-\n-bnse apgp-h³ Soan-sâbpw at\m`mh¯nsâ ^e-ambn D≠mhp-¶-XmWv. KpW-\n-e-hm-c-¯n-e-[njvTn-X-ambm-bn-cn-¡Ww I¼-\n-bnse Poh-\-¡mÀ {]hÀ¯n-t¡-≠-Xv. Øm]-\-¯nse FÃm X«n-ep-ap-ff Poh-\-¡mcpw Hmtcm \n an-jhpw anI¨ tkh\w e`y-am-¡p-¶Xn\mbn {]b-Xv\n-¡-Ww. 135 cmPy-§fn \n¶mbn 4900 I¼-\n-I-f-S-§p¶ lwdnbm {^o tkmWns\ temI¯nse anI¨ Øm]-\-§-fn-sem¶m¡n amänbXv D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v R§Ä \ÂIp¶ anI¨ tkh\w am{X-am-Wv. KpW-\n-e-hm-c-t¯m-SpÅ {]Xn-_-²-X, anI¨ coXn-bn-ep-Å {] hÀ-¯\w, D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v Xr]vXnI-c-amb coXn-bn-epÅ tkh-\w F¶o LS-I-§Ä sIm≠pXs¶ anUn CuÌn ap³]-´n-bn \n¡p¶ Øm]-\-§-fn-sem-¶mbn amdm³ lwdnbm {^o tkmWn\p km[n¨p. BtKmf-Xe-¯nepw tZio-b-X-e-¯nepw \nc -h[n A`n-\-µ-\-§fpw AwKo-Imc§fpw R§sf tXSn-sb-¯n-bn-«p≠v. Poh-\-¡m-cp-sS ITn\ {]b-Xv\hpw Dd¨ e£y-hpamWv temI-¯nsâ AwKo-Imcw R§Ä¡v t\Sn-¯-¶-Xv.

kulrZ Iq«mbvabnÂ

hnPbw hcn¨v

Arun Basil Lal

bph-Xz-¯nsâ IfnNncn amdp-¶-Xn\pap¼v h¬ kn aoUnb enan-äUv F¶ sFSn I¼-\n-bpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv Hm^o-k-À Øm\¯ncn-¡p-¶-Xnsâ {XnÃn-emWv sIm¨n kztZ-in-bmb Acp¬ t_kn em F¶ 24Imc³ Anand Subramanian Kenney Jacob

kpanX sI

sIm¨n BØm-\ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ h¬

kn aoUnb (www.onecmedia. com) F¶ sFSn I¼-\n¡v AcpWpw kplr-¯p-¡fpw XpS¡wIpdn-¨Xv 2011 sabv amk¯nem-Wv. hnc-en-se-®m-hp¶ Poh-\-¡mcpw ]cn-an-X-amb Hm^okv kuIcy§fp-ambn Bcw-`n¨ h¬ kn aoUnb hnP-b-I-c-ambn Hcp hÀjw ]n ¶n-«Xnsâ BËm-Z-¯n-emWv AcpWpw Iq«p-Imcpw. 2008 \S¶ t»mKv Imw]v tIcf F¶ t»mtKgvkv aoänemWv Acp¬, sI¶n tP¡_v, B\ µv kp{_-Ò-Wy³, \nIvkÂ, k\n kq`mjv N{µ-t_mkv F¶n-hÀ BZyambn I≠pap-«p¶Xv. kwcw-`IcmIm³ B{K-ln¨ Cu A©v bph kplr-¯p¡-fpsS kulrZ Iq«m-bva-bnemWv h¬ kn aoUn-b- ]nd-¡p-¶-Xv. Acp¬ I¼\n-bpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«nhv Hm^o-kdmbpw B\µv No^v Hm¸-td-änwKv Hm^ok-dmbpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. Kth-jW hn`m-K-¯nsâ ta[m-hnbmWv sI¶n. bpsI-bnepw bpF-C-bnepw tPmen sN ¿p¶ k\nepw \nIvkepw ]mÀ«v ssSambpw I¼-\n-¡p-th≠n {]hÀ¯n¡p-¶p. Ce-Iv{Sn-¡Â F³Pn-\o-b-dnwKv ]T \w Ign-ªn-d-§nb Acp-Wn\v IqSp-X {]nbw t»mKn-§n-t\m-Sm-bn-cp¶p, H¸w sh_v Unssk-\nwKnepw t]m{Km-anwKn-epw Acp¬ sshZKv[yw t\Sn. ] T\wIgnªv h³ sFSn I¼-\n-I-fn tPmensb¶ ]Xnhv ssien¡p ]Icw kz´-ambn _nkn-\kv XpS-§-W-sa-¶Xm-bn-cp¶p Acp-Wnsâ kz]v\w. Xsâ kz]v\ km£m-Xv¡m-c-¯nsâ XpS-¡¯n IpSpw-_-¯n \n¶pw aäpw ] e FXnÀ¸p-Ifpw \nc-h[n {]Xn-k-ÔnIfpw t\cn-«-Xmbn Acp¬ ]d-bp-¶p. ""I¼\n XpS-§p-t¼mÄ ]Ww Xs¶-bmbn-cp¶p {][m\ shÃp-hn-fn. ]n´p-Wbv¡m-s\-¯nb Nne \nt£-]-I-cpsS klm-b-t¯msS ^≠­nwKv {]iv\-¯n\v ]cn-lm-c-am-b-t¸mÄ anI¨ Poh-\-¡msc Is­-≠¯pIsb¶-Xm-bn- ASp¯ shÃphn-fn. ]cn-N-b-k-¼-¯p-ff Poh-\-¡mÀ¡v \à i¼fw \ÂI-Ww. XpS-¡-¯nÂ

Nicksal T R

AXn\pÅ {]m]vXn R§Ä¡p-≠m-bn-cp-¶nÃ. Nne Poh-\ ¡mÀ¡v {]iv\-ambn tXm¶n-bXv Hm^o kv kuI-cy-§fnse ]cn-an-Xn-bmWv. ] t£, R§-fpsS e£y-¯n\pap¶n AsXm¶pw Hcp XS-Ê-ambn tXm¶n-bn-Ã. B {]XnkÔnIsfÃmw XcWw sNbvX h¬ kn aoUnb Hcp hÀjw ]n¶n«v hnP-b¯nte¡v apt¶-dn-s¡m≠n-cn-¡pI-bm-Wv. C¶v FÃm kuI-cy-§tfmSp IqSnb Hm^okpw, Ignhpw DuÀÖ-kze-X-bp-apÅ Poh-\-¡mcpambn em`¯nemWv I¼-\n {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶Xv.'' h¬ kn aoUn-bh¬ kn aoUnb F¶ CâÀs\ äv amÀ¡-änwKv I¼-\n- {][m-\-ambpw UnPn-ä amÀ¡-änwKnemWv {i² tI{µoI-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. skÀ¨v F©n³ H]vänssa-tk-j³, tkÀ¨v amÀ¡-änw-Kv, eoUv P\-td-j³, sh_vsskäv sUh-e-]vsaâ v, tkm-jy aoUnb AUzÀssS-knw-Kv, XpS-§nb taJ-e-I-fnepw kPohamWv h¬ kn aoUnb. D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS Bh-iym-\p-krXw t»mKn§pw t»mKv AUvan-\nkvt{S-j\pw I¼\n sNbvXpsImSp-¡m-dp≠v. ""]T-\-Im-e¯p Xs¶ kz´-am-sbmcp _nkn-\kv F¶-XmWv an¡ hnZymÀ°n-I-fp-tSbpw B{Klw. _nkn-\-kn\p th≠p¶ kuI-cy-§Ä {]Zm\w sN¿m³ C¶v \nc-h[n C³Iyqt_-ädpIfpw ÌmÀ«v A]v skâ-dp-Ifpw {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p≠-v. Hcp em]vtSm¸pw CâÀs\äv IW-£\pw Ds≠¦n hfsc Ffp-¸-¯n sFSn taJebnse km[y-X-Isf D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯n Hcp kwcw`¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn-¡mw. Bcw`-Im-e¯v ]e {]Xn-k-Ôn-Ifpw t\cn-Spsa-¦nepw AsXÃmw XcWw sN¿m-\p Å a\-xØn-Xnbpw e£y-hp-aps≠-¦n BÀ¡pw _nkn-\-kn hnPbw ssIhcn-¡mw. Fs¶ kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw A\p-`h k¼-¯nsâ A`mhw I¼\n \S-¯n-¸nsâ BZy-Im-e-§-fn Nne _p²n-ap-«p-IÄ D≠m-¡nbn«p≠v,'' Acp¬ ]d-bp¶p.

Sanil S


Fsâ tIcfw q-eam-b A-\p-I-§Ä D-­ L-S-I n-cp-¶n«pw ≠m-b Im-­≠mF´p-s p-sS Wv \-½n-¶m-¡w \m-Sv ]Xv. F§t]m-b n-I-ks\ h e-¡v \-¯n-t v ]-d-¶p\-ap-¡ I-gnb-cm³ p-¯q-äv bpw? a ³ {Kq¸v ]m-¸-¨-ÎÀ U-b-d v tXma-kv tPmÀ-P-äv tIap-¯q -¡p-dnc-f-s¯{]-Xo¨p-Å pw B£-Iffpw ]i-¦-I v-¡p¶p ¦p-h-b

th­≠Xv cm-{ão-b k-¼-¶-X {]Ir-Xn I-\n-ª-\p-{K-ln-¨ ku-µ-cyw, kw-kv-Imcw, an-I-¨ am-\-h hn-`-h ti-jn, {]-hm-kn \n-t£-]-¯n-sâ H-gp-¡v, sFSn, B-tcm-Ky-cwKw, Sq-dnkw F-¶n-§-s\ \n-ch[n A\p-Iqe L-S-I-§-fm k-¼-¶am-b \m-Sm-Wv tI-c-fw. ]-s£ \nÀ-`m-Ky-I-c-sa¶v ]-db-s« cm-{ão-b A-Xn-{]-k-chpw am-en\yw \n-d-ª sX-cp-hp-Ifpw A-gn-a-Xnbpw \m-Sn-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v ap-¶n hm-Xn sIm-«n-b-S-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. P-\-\·-sb I-cp-Xn \-S-¸m-¡m-\p-t±-in-¡p-¶ G-sXm-cp ]-²-Xn--¡p ap-¶nepw X-S-kw kr-ãn-¡p-¶ ]-Xn-hv coXn-I-fm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-ep-S-\o-fw I-≠p-h-cp-¶Xv. F-Xn-cm-fn-Ifm-b ]mÀ-«n-¡mÀ sIm-≠p-h-cp-¶ G-Xv ]-²-Xn-tbbpw A-Xn-sâ Kp-WtZm-j-h-i-§Ä t\m-¡m-sX I-®S-¨v F-XnÀ-¡p¶ ]-Xnhv co-Xn-bm-Wn-t¸m-gp-ap-ÅXv. A-hÀ ]m-Ým-Xy \m-Sp-I-fn-se cm-{ão-b am-Xr-I-IÄ I-≠v ]Tn-¡Ww. A-hnsS Xn-csª-Sp-¸v A-¦-¯-«n sIm¼p-tImÀ-¡p-¶ cm-{ão-b ]mÀ-«nIÄ P-bn-¨h-sc Aw-Ko-Icn-¡p-Ibpw hn-I-k-\-Im-cy-§-fn K-h¬-saân-\v ]n´p-W \Â-Im\pw X-¿m-dm-Ip-¶ H-cp kw-kv-Im-c-am-Wv ]n³-Xp-S-cp-¶Xv. Cu A-¨-S-¡ am-Xr-I-IÄ kzo-I-cn-¡m³ tI-c-f¯n-se ]mÀ-«n-Ifpw X-¿m-dm-bm \m-Snsâ hn-I-k-\-¯n\v G-sd Kp-Ww sN-¿pw.

hnI-k-\-¯n-te¡v

]d-¶p-b-cmw... F-hn-sS a-e-bm-fn-IÄ? F-hn-sS a-e-bm-fn-IÄ F-¶v tI-c-f-¯n \n-¶v tNm-Zn-¨m C-hn-sS-bp-Å-h-cp-sS hn-c-ep-IÄ \o-fp¶-Xv A-bÂ-kw-Øm-\-§-fn-te-t¡m ]p-dw cm-Py-§-fn-te-t¡m B-bncn-¡pw. Imc-Ww C-hn-Sp-s¯ Ir-jn-bn-S-§-fnepw hy-hkm-b im-e-I-fn-epw ]-Wn-sb-Sp¡p¶-Xv `q-cn-`m-Khpw A\y-kw-Øm-\ -sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fm-Wv. an-I-¨ am-\-h hn-`-hti-jnbp-≠m-bn-cp-¶n-«p-IqSn hn-Z-Kv-[cm-b- sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS A-`m-hw \-½p-sS h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v `o-j-Wn-bmbn \ne-\n¡p-¶p.

h-gn- sX-äp-¶ NÀ-¨IÄ Hmtcm kw-`-h-s¯bpw Pm-{K-X-tbm-sS t\m-¡n-¡m-Wm\pw k-a-{K-ambn hn-e-bn-cp¯m-\pw I-gn-hp-Å P-\-X-bm-Wv tI-c-f-¯n-teXv. ]-s£ F-hnsS-sbms¡tbm ]n-i-IpIÄ kw-`-hn-¡p-¶p. Cu \m-Sns\ tam-i-am-bn Nn-{Xo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xv \-½Ä-X-s¶-bmWv. hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ {]-Nm-c-I-cm-bn P-\-§Ä-¡n-S-bn kzm-[o-\w sN-ep-¯m³ I-gn-bp-¶ \-½p-sS am-[y-a-§Ä B-h-iy-anÃm-¯ hmÀ-¯-IÄ s]m-en-¸n-¨v a-Wn-¡q-dp-I-tfm-fw Nm\ NÀ-¨-IÄ kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw H-Sp-¡w H-cp Xo-cp-am-\w t]mepw F-Sp-¡m-sX ]m -Xn-h-gn-bn B hn-jb-s¯ ssI-hn-Sp-Ibpw NÀ-¨ A-h-km-\n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN-¿p-¶ Øn-Xn-bm-Wp-Å-Xv. G-§p-sa-¯m-¯ hn-[-¯n-ep-Å C¯-cw NÀ-¨IÄ tI-cf-w H-cp tam-iw Ø-e-am-sW¶pw C-hn-Sp-s¯ P-\X- tam-iw k-aq-l-am-sW-¶p-ap-Å sXäm-b k-tµ-i-amWv ]pdw-tem-I-¯n-\v \Â-Im³ C-S-h-cp-¯p-I. \-½p-sS \m-Sn-sâ \³-a-I-sf¡p-dn-¨v ]-d-bm-sX Xn·I-sf s]cp-¸n¨v ImWn-¡p¶ coXn a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS A-kvXn-Xz¯n-\pX-s¶ `o-j-Wn-bp-bÀ-¯pw. Ip-ähpw Ip-d-hp-sa-Sp-¯v NÀ-¨-I-fn A-[-c-hymb-aw \-S-¯p-¶ ]-Xnhv co-Xn hn«v kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ GXvv `m-K¯pw H-cp hn-I-k-\-am-Xr-Itbm, ]-²Xntbm \-S-¸m-¡n-bm A-Xn-sâ {]-tbm-P-\-s¯-¡p-dn¨v P-\§-sf A-dn-bn¡m³ am-[y-a-§Ä D-WÀ-¶v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡-Ww. X¿m-dm-¡n-bXv: Sn ]n {]im´v

hn-«p-ho-gv-¨- sN-¿m-\p-Å a\kv \m-Sn-sâ hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v Nn-e hn-«p-ho-gv-¨-IÄ-¡v X-¿m-dm-Im-\p-Å a\-kv \-ap-¡p≠m-IWw. \-½p-sS \m-«n-se am-en-\y-kw-kv-I-cWw, Ip-Sn-sh-Å £m-aw F-¶n-§-s\bp-Å A-Sn-Øm-\-Im-cy-§Ä \-S-¸n-em-¡m³ ap-t¶m-«p-h-cp-¶-hÀ-¡v kw-Øm\¯n-sâ Xm¸-cy-§Ä kw-c£n¨p-sIm-≠p-Å Nn-e Cf-hp-IÄ \mw sNbvXp-\Â-IWw. C-Ñmi-àn-bp-Å kÀ-¡m-cpIÄ P-\-§Ä-¡v B-h-iyam-b hnI-k-\ ]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸m¡nbn-«pÅXv tIc-fw A-\p-`-hn-¨-dn-ªn-«p-≠v. ZoÀ-L-ho-£-W-ap-Å an-I-¨ t\-Xm-¡³-am-cm-Wv \-ap-¡p-ÅXv. hn-I-k-\-]-²-Xn-IÄ \-S-¸m-¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶ X-c-¯n A-hÀ-¡v ]n´p-W \Â-Im-\p-Å {i-aw P-\-§-fp-sS `mK-¯p\n-¶v D-≠m-I-Ww.

P-\Iob t_m-[-h-¡-c-Ww ]-e-t¸mgpw \-½p-sS \m-«n H-cp ]²-Xn \-S-¸m-¡m³ {i-an-¡p-t¼mÄ A-Xn-sâ Kp-W-t`m-àm-hv B-sc-¶v t_m-[y-s¸-Sp¯n-sIm-Sp-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-§Ä D-≠m-bn-«n-söv X-s¶ ]-d-bmw. B hnS-hv ]-e-t¸mgpw kw-LÀ-j-§Ä¡pw cm-{ão-b ap-X-se-Sp-¸pIÄ¡pw Im-c-W-am-bn Xo-cm-dp≠v. AXp-sIm≠v \m-«n hn-I-k-\-ap-≠m-bm A-Xnsâ Kp-W-§Ä P-\-§Ä-¡v e-`y-am-Ip-¶-sX-§-s\-sb-¶v A-h-sc t_m-[y-s¸-Sp-¯m³ kÀ-¡mcpw cm-{ão-b t\-Xm-¡³-amcpw B-ßmÀ-°-am-bn {i-an-¡p-Ibpw {]NmcW ]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-Ww.

\-ã-s¸-Sp-¶ {]-Xn-I-c-W-tijn P-\m-[n-]-Xy-¯n-sâ Kp-W-^-e-§Ä F´p-sIm≠pw \Ã-Xp-X-s¶-bmWv. ]s£ Cu kw-hn-[m\-s¯ Zp-cp-]-tbm-Kw sN-¿p-¶-h-cp-sS F-®w Zn-\w-{]-Xn hÀ-²n-¨p-h-cn-IbmWv. A-gn-a-Xnbpw kz-P-\-]-£-]m-X-hp-saÃmw \-½p-sS \m-«n km-[m-c-W kw-`h-am-bn XoÀ-¶n-cn-¡p¶p. C-Xn-s\-Xn-sc {]-Xn-I-cn-¡m³ P-\-§Ä X-¿m-dm-Im-¯Xv A-gn-a-Xn-¡m-sc Iq-Sp-X hen-b {I-a-t¡-SpIÄ `-bw Iq-Sm-sX \-S-¯m³ t{]m-Õm-ln¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v k-a-amWv. F-´p-h-¶m-epw \-ap-¡v X-«nbpw ap-«nbpw ap-t¶m«p-t]mImw F-¶ a-t\m-`m-h-¯n-\v am-ä-ap-≠m-tI≠-Xv A-\n-hm-cy-amWv.

25


K E R A L A

{_m³UnwKv & {_m³Uvkv

B R A N D

1. hmÄamÀ«v 2. Im\U 3. UyqSvkv _m¦v 4. _nkn-\kv SptU 5. A`n-PnXv hn _m\ÀPn, FkvXÀ U^vtfm 6. Xmbvhm³

F¨vSnkn GXv cmPy-¯v \n¶p-ff I¼-\nbmWv

D¯-c-§Ä

Bizzy Bites

??

?

1. kmw hmÄ«¬ F¶ kwcw-`-I³ 1962emWv Cu I¼-\n Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. C¶v temI-¯n Gähpw IqSpX t]À¡v sXmgn \ÂIp¶ kzImcy I¼-\n-bmWnXv. ASp-¯n-sS- C´y³ Kh¬saâ v ssIs¡m≠ km¼-¯nI ]cn-jvI-cW \b-§-fpsS `mK-ambn C´y-bnepw km¶n-[y-adn-bn-¡m³ Xbm-sd-Sp-¡p-IbmWv ChÀ. I¼-\n-tbXv? 2. Gsd {]i-kvX-amb »mIvs_dn t^m¬ \nÀ½n-¡p¶ dnskÀ¨v C³ tamj³ (RIM) I¼\n GXv cmjv{S¯nsâ kw`m-h-\-bmWv? 3. ]mj³ Sp s]Àt^mwþB-tKmf Xe¯n {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ Hcp {]apJ [\Imcy Øm]-\-¯nsâ SmKvsse\m-WnXvþØm]-\-taXv? 4. t^mÀ amt\-PnwKv Sptam-tdm- F¶Xv GXv {]apJ km¼-¯nI {]kn-²o-I-c-W¯nsâ SmKvsse\mWv? 5. Poor Economics—Rethinking Poverty & the Ways to End Itþ {]kn-²-amb Cu ]pkvXIw Fgp-Xn-b-Xmcv? 6. {]apJ kvamÀ«v t^m¬ {_m³Umb F¨vSnkn GXv cmPy-¯v \n¶p-ff I¼\n-bmWv?

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Un kn A¥m-cmjv{S

Medical Science, Engineering, Management, Arts & Science IY,- I-hn-X, t\mh¬, bm{Xm-hn-h-c-Ww, Bfl-I-Y, _me-km-ln-Xyw, ssh⁄m-\nIw B≤ymflnIw, XpS-ßn- hn-hn[ taJ-e-I-fn-se 10 e£-Øntesd Cw•n-jv, ae-bmfw ]pkvX-I-ß-fpsS AXn-hn-]petiJcw.

]pkv-XI-ta-fbpw kmwkvIm-cn-tIm-’-hhpw

assd³ ss{Uhv sIm¨n

2012 \hw_À 1 apXÂ 1 4 -hsc

]pkvXI - {- ]-Im-i\ - ß - ƒ, {]i-kvX- AXn-Yn-If - psS km∂n[yw. Iem-]c - n-]m-Sn-Iƒ.

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26

A-ep-an-\n-bw ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS {]nb {_m³Uv Nm-Iv-k¬, km-dm-kv, Insä-Iv-kv, kv-Iq-_n tU, FÃn-kv

XpS-§n ]-t¯m-fw {]ap-J {_m³-Up-I-fp-Å A-¶ {Kq-¸nsâ {]-Y-a kw-cw-`-am-Wv A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-bw. tPmen-bn-ÃmsX I-ã-s¸-Sp-¶ IÀ-jI sXm-gnem-fn-IÄ-¡v sXm-gn \Â-I-Wsa-¶ Im-gv-N-¸m-Sn A-¶þInsä-Iv-kv Øm-]I³ Fw sP tP-¡-ºn-sâ a-\-Ên-ep-Zn-¨-XmWv A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-bw F¶ Bibw. 1968 F-«v sXm-gnem-fn-I-fp-ambn F-d-Wm-Ip-fw PnÃ-bn-se In-g-¡¼-ew F-¶ IÀ-jI{Km-a-¯n- Xp-S§nb A¶ {Kq¸n C-¶v 15,000¯n-e[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ tPmensN-¿p¶p. 99.5% ip-²am-b A-ep-an-\n-bw ]m-{X-§Ä D¸m-Zn-¸n¨p-sIm-≠v Xp-S§n-b I-¼\n, Bcw-`n¨v F-«v hÀ-j§Ä-¡v ti-jw km-dm-kv F-¶ t]-cn I-dn-]u-U-dp-IÄ hn-]Wn-bn-en-d¡n. Xp-SÀ-¶v c-≠v hÀ-j-§Ä-¡v ti-jw 1978 In-ä-Iv-kv F-¶ {_m³-Un\pw cq-]w \Â-In. ]n-¶o-Sv P-\-a-\Êp-IÄ Io-g-S¡n-b \n-ch-[n {_m³-Up-IÄ. aq-¶v Z-im-Ð-ambn \n-e-sIm-Åp¶ A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-bw I-¼-\n-bp-sS I-gn-ª hÀj-s¯ hn-äph-c-hv 100 tIm-Sn cq-]-bne-[n-Ihpw A¶ {Kq¸nsâ hnäp-h-chv 750 tImSn cq]-bv¡v apI-fn-ep-amWv. A¶ Aep-an-\n bsa¶ {_m³Unsâ kzoIm-cy-Xbv¡v Imc-W-amb LS-I-§Ä hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p-IbmWv amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS-dmb t_m_n tP¡_v \ymb-amb hne-bn D¸-¶-§Ä A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-bw D¸¶§-sf P-\-§Ä-¡n-S-bn kzo-Im-cy-am-¡p¶Xv km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡vv Xm-§m³ ]-äp-¶ hn-ebpw anI¨ Kp-W-\ne-hm-c-hpamWv. -P-\-§Ä-¡v \n-Xy-Po-hn-X-¯n Bh-iy-ap-Å D¸-¶-§Ä G-ähpw \à Kp-W-ta·-bn Xm§m-hp¶ hn-e-bn \Â-Ip-I F-¶-Xm-Wv A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-b¯n-sâ _nkn-\kv X{´w. DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä an-I-¨ km-t¦-Xn-Ihn-Zy-bn \nÀ½n¡p-¶-Xn-t\m-sSm¸w A-Xv k-a-b-¯n-\v hn-]-Wn-bn F-¯n-¡p-¶Xn\pw R§-Ä {]tXyI {i² sNep-¯m-dp-≠v. KpW\n-e-hmcw \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-¶-Xn bm-sXmcphn[ hn«phogvNbv¡pw I¼\n X-¿mdÃ. ]pXn-b H-cp D¸-¶w C-d-¡p-t¼mÄ KpW-ta-·-bn {i-²n-¨n-sÃ-¦n A-Xn-\v Xp-S-¡-¯n-ep-Å Ne-\w krãn-¡m³ am-{X-ta km-[n-¡p-I-bpÅp. ho≠pw Cu {_m³-Un-sâ D¸-¶w hm-§m³ Bcpw X-¿m-dm-Ip-I-bnÃ. h-gn-¯n-cn-hv KpW-\n-e-hm-cw Ipdª Aep-an-\nbw ]m{X-§-fn ]mIw-sNbvX `£-W-]ZmÀ°-§Ä hnjmwiapÅXpw AXv `£n-¡p-¶-Xv ac-Ws¯ £Wn-¨p-h-

cp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿p-w. Cu ] T-\-¯n-sâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n ip-²am-b A-ep-an-\n-bap]-bmKn-¨m-bn-cp¶p R§Ä ]m -{X-§Ä \nÀ-½n-¨ncp¶Xv. AXn-\m hn-e Iq-«n-bm-bncp-¶p D¸-¶-§Ä hnÂ-¸-\ \-S-¯n-bn-cp-¶Xv. F-¶m A-¡me-¯v X-an-gv-\m-«n \n-¶v hcp¶ hne-Ip-dª KpW-\n-e-hm-c-an-Ãm¯ A-epan-\n-bw ]m-{X-§Ä hm-§m\m-Wv P-\-§Ä Xm¸cyw Im-Wn¨-Xv. CXnsâ ^e-ambn DÂ-¸¶-§Ä hnÂ-¡m-\m-hmsX sI-«n-¡n-S-¶v {]-Xnk-Ôn t\-cntS≠n h¶p. At¸m-gmWv X-an-gv-\m-«n ssh-Zyp-Xn {]Xnk-Ôn-bp-≠m-Ip-¶Xpw A-hn-SpI-gn-ª hÀj-s¯ hn-äp-h-c-hv

`100

tIm-Snbntesd

t_m_n tP¡_v, amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvS-À

s¯ DÂ-¸mZ-\w Ip-d-bp-¶Xpw. C-tXm-sS A-ep-an-\n-b-w ]m-{X-§-fp-sS Un-am-â v hÀ²n-¡p-Ibpw A-¶-bp-sS DÂ-¸-¶§Ä¡v IqSp-X kzoIm-cyX e`n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-b-¯n-sâ KpW\n-e-hmcw P\-§Ä A-dn-bm³ Xp-S-§nbtijw R-§Ä-¡v Xn-cn-ªp t\m-t¡-≠n h-¶n-«nÃ. DÂ-¸mZ-\w amÀ¡-äv ]T-\-¯nsâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n hy-àam-b amÀ¡-äv ]T-\-¯nsâ A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n-em-Wv A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-b¯n-sâ Hmtcm DÂ-¸-¶-hpw hn-]-Wn-bn-end-¡p¶-Xv. D-]-t`m-àm-hv {]Xo£n¡p¶Xv F-´m-sW-¶v I-S-IÄ h-gnbpw Uo-e À-am-À hgnbpw A-dn-ªtijw AXn\-\pk-cn¨v D¸-¶-§Ä hn]-Wn-bn-se-¯n¡p-IbmWv I¼\n sN¿p-¶Xv. Iq-Sm-sX, DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ kmw-]nfpIÄ Cd-¡nbpw C-hâp-IÄ kw-L-Sn-¸n¨pw A-Xn-sâ kzoImcy-X F-{X-t¯m-f-ap-s≠-¶v a-\-Ên-em¡m³ {i-an-¡m-dp-ap≠v. hn-]W\w {]-[m-\-ambpw tI-c-f hn-]-Wn-bn {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶ R-§Ä t\cn«v 18 tjm-dq-ap-IÄ h-gn- A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-b-¯nsâ hn-]W\w \-S-¯p-¶p. A-tXm-sSm-¸w sam¯-ambpw NnÃ-d-bmbpw UoeÀamÀ h-gnbpw DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ hn¸\ hym-]n -¸n-¡p-¶p. tI-c-f-s¯- Iq-Sm-sX IÀ-WmS-I, X-an-gv-\m-Sv F-¶n-hn-S-§-fnepw A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-b-¯n-sâ hn-¸\ \-S-¯p-¶ps≠-¦nepw DÂ-¸-¶-¯n-sâ Un-am³-Un\\p-k-cn¨v hnX-c-Ww-sN-¿m³ km-[n-¡p¶nÃ. ssh-Im-sX X-s¶ tI-c-f-¯n-\v ]p-d-t¯-¡p-Å FÃm Ø-e-§-fn-te¡pw A-¶ A-ep-an-\n-b-s¯ amÀ¡-äv sN-¿pw.


Aävemâ-bn \n¶pw

sIms¡m-tImf XpS¡w: 1886 Aävemâ-bn knCH: apàmÀ sIâ v km¶n[yw: 200-e-[nIw cmjv{S-§-fn ss#Poh-\-¡mÀ:

1,46,200

FXn-cm-fn-Isft¸mepw AÛp-X-s¸-Sp¯pw sIm¡þtImf F¶ {_m³ Unsâ hnP-bw. \qX-\hpw hyXy-kvX-hpamb {_m³UnwKv X{´-§Ä Bhn-jvIcn-¨m-bn-cp¶p ]n¶n« 126 hÀj hpw Aävemâ-bn ]nd-hn-sb-Sp¯ Cu {_m³Unsâ apt¶äw. tImIv F¶dnb-s¸Sp¶ sIm¡þ-tIm-fbv¡v s^bvkv_p-¡n-ep-f-fXv 50 anÃy-Wn-e[nIw Bcm-[-IÀ, FXn-cm-fn-I-fmb s]]vkn¡mIs« F«v anÃy-Wn-e[nIw am{Xw. 200-e-[nIw cmjv{S-§fn DWÀhv ]IÀ¯n ssP{Xbm{X XpS-cp-I-bmWv temI-¯nsâ {]nbs¸« Cu ioX-f-]m-\ob {_m³Uv...

3A

Availability Acceptability Affordability

Zn]n³ Zmtam-Zc-- ³, kpanX sI XpS¡w

1886 sabv F«n\v Ata-cn-¡-bnse Aävemâbn epff tP¡_v ^mÀa-kn-bn \n¶mWv temIs¯

Gähpw henb t\m¬-B¡-tlm-fnIv _nh-td-Pkv I¼-\n-bmb sIm¡þtImf-bpsS bm{X Bcw-`n-¡p-¶Xv. ^mÀa-kn-Ìmb tPm¬ Fkv s]w_À«Wn sâ Bi-b-amWv sIm¡þtImf. F¶m Ak Im³UveÀ F¶ amÀ¡-änwKv [nj-Wm-imen sIm¡þtImf-bpsS Ah-Imiw kz´-am-¡n-b-tXm-sSbmWv I¼\n ]pXnb Db-c-§-fn-te¡v IpXn-¡p-¶Xv. Bcw-`-hÀj-¯n Znhkw H¼Xv ¥mkv am{Xw hn¸-\-bp-≠m-bn-cp¶ Hcp ]m\o-b-sa¶ \n e-bn \n¶pw C¶v sIm¡þtImf 200 e[nIw cmjv{S§fn km¶n-[y-ap-ff, 46.5 _nÃy¬ tUmfÀ hcp-am-\-ap-f-f, 1,46,200 Poh-\-¡m-cp-ff temIs¯ Gähpw henb -tImÀ¸-tdäv I¼-\n-Ifn H¶mbn amdn-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. 1894emWv Ip¸n-I-fn \nd¨v tImf hn]-Wn-bn-se-¯p-¶-Xv. BZy-hÀj-§-fn Im³UveÀ kzoI-cn¨ anI¨ amÀ¡-änwKv X{´-§-fmWv sIm¡þtIm-f-bpsS hfÀ¨-bn \nÀ®m-b-I-am-b-Xv. 1901 se $100,000  \n¶pw sIm¡þtImf-bpsS AUzÀssSknwKv _Päv 1911Bb-t¸m-tg¡pw 1 million tUmf -dm-bmWv DbÀ¶-Xv. C¶v temIs¯ Gähpw anI¨ A©v ioXf ]m\o-b-§-fn \mepw sIm¡þtImfbpsS kw`m-h-\-bm-Wv. hnhn[ hn`m-K§-fn-embn temI-¯m-I-am\w 400-e-[nIw {_m³Up-IÄ sIm¡þtImf-bv¡p-≠v. tImIv, Ubäv tImIv, ^mâ, Xwkv A]v, kvss{]äv, enwI XpS§n h³P\-{]oXn -bmÀÖn¨ {_m³Up-IÄ CXn NneXpam{Xw. tPm¬ s]w_À«Wnsâ kplr¯v {^m¦v tak¬ tdm_n³k¬ BWv sIm¡þtImf F¶ {_m³Uv s\bvan\pw temtKmbv¡pw ]n¶nÂ. Gsd {]i-kvXamb sIm¡þtImf t_m«n Unssk³ sNbvXXv {]

3P

+ cmjv{S-§-fn-te-¡v C´y-bnse {_m³Uv _nÂUnwKv: PnwKn-fp-I-sfbpw sken-{_nän F³tUm-gvkvsaâp-I-sfbpw B{i-bn¨v hgn-¯n-cnhv: BanÀJm³ A`n-\-bn¨ ""S≠ aXve_v sIm¡þ-tIm-f-''sb¶ ]ckyw

Preference Pervasive penetration Price-related

ikvX t_m«n Unssk-\À Bb GÄ BÀ Uo\m-Wv. sIms¡m Ipcp-hnsâ BIr-Xn-bn-epÅ Ip¸n-bmWv sIm¡þtImfbv¡p th≠n At±lw X¿m-dm-¡n-b-Xv. Ignª hÀjw 125þmw hmÀjnIam-Lm-jn¨ sIm¡þ-tIm-f-bpsS hnP-b-¯n temtKmbpw {_m³Uv s\ bvap-saÃmw hln¨ ]¦v \nÀ®m-b-I-am-bncp-¶p. temIs¯ Ft¸mgpw "dn{^jv' sNbvXv kt´m-j-]qÀW-am-¡n-XoÀ¡p-I-sb¶ XXz-¯n-e-[njvTn-X-am-bmWv sIm¡þtImf ssP{X-bm{X XpS-cp-¶Xv. C´y-bnse {_m³UnwKv X{´-§Ä sIm¡þtImfbpsS Gä-hpw henb Ggm-as¯ hn]-Wn-bmWv C´y. 1977 C´y-hn-«p-t]mb sIm¡þtImf DZm-c-h¡-c-W-¯nsâ Nph-Sp-]n-Sn¨v 1993-emWv cmPy¯v ho≠p-sa-¯p-¶-Xv. sken-{_nän-Isf D]-tbm-Kn-¨p-ff s{]mtam-j-W coXn-IÄ (Celebrity endorsements), PnwKnÄkn {i²-bq-¶nbp-ff ]c-ky-§Ä- þ- Cu c≠v LS-I-§Ä tI{µo-I-cn-¨mbn-cp¶p C´y-bn sIm¡þtImf-bpsS {_m³UnwKv X{´-§Ä. 2003 hscbpff tIm¡nsâ ]c-ky-§sfÃmw Xs¶ PnwKnÄkn\v {]m[m\yw \ÂIn-bp-f-fXm-bn-cp-¶p. Cu Ime-L-«-¯n 'Always The Real Thing', 'Pee Le Coca-Cola', 'Jo Chahe Ho Jaye...Coca-Cola Enjoy'... XpS§nb PnwKn-fp-IÄ bphm-¡Ä¡n-S-bn XcwKw Xs¶ krjvSn-¨p. t_mfn-hpUv kq¸À Xmc-§-fmb EXnIv tdmj³, BanÀ Jm³, sFizcy dmbv, Icn jva I]qÀ XpS-§n-b-hsc DÄs¸-Sp-¯n-bp-ff sIm¡þtImfbpsS sSen-hn-j³ ]c-ky-§fpw h³ln-äm-b-tXmsS C´y³ a[y-hÀK-¯nsâ PohnX-ssi-en-bn Ahn-`m-Py-L-S-I-am-hp-I-bm-bn-cp¶p tImIv. sa¡m³ Fdn-Ivk-Wnsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n-em-bncp¶p {][m-\-ambpw sIm¡þtImfbpsS C´y-bnse AUzÀssS-knwKv Imw]bn³. {]mb-t`-Z-at\y C´y³

Ct¸m-gs¯ hcp-am\w:

$46.5 bn em`w:

$8.6 bn _nkn-\-knse Cu c≠v LS-I-§sf ASn-Øm-\-am-¡n-bmWv 200-e-[nIw cmjv{S-§-fn-sebpw {_m³Uv _nÂUnwKv X{´-§Ä I¼\n Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p-¶-Xv

P-\-X-¡n-S-bn tIm¡n\v kzoIm-cyX t\Sn-s¡m-Sp¯Xv sa¡m³ {Kq¸v BanÀ Jms\ sh¨v ]pd-¯n-d-¡nb "S≠m aXve_v sIm¡þtImf-'sb¶ h³lnämb ]c-ky-am-bn-cp-¶p. 2003se Im³kv eb¬kv s^Ìn-h-en c≠v tKmÄUv eb-WpĸsS \nc-h[n ]pc-kvIm-c-§Ä Cu ]cky Nn{Xs¯ tXSn-sb-¯n. sken-{_nän F³tUm-gvkvsaâp-I-fn-eqsS Hcp¸-¶-¯n\v P\-§Ä¡n-S-bn F{X-am{Xw kzm[o\w sNep¯m³ Ign-bp-sa-¶-Xnsâ Gähpw henb DZm-l-c-Wam-bn-cp¶p Cu BaoÀ Jm³ ]c-ky-Nn-{Xw. D¸¶-§-fn sshhn-[yw-sIm-≠p-h-cp-¶-Xn-t\m-sSm¸w tem¡Â {_m³Up-Isf Gsä-Sp-¡p¶ {]h-W-Xbpw tIm¡nsâ hfÀ¨bv¡v Icp-t¯-In. C´y³ ioXf ]m\ob {_m³Up-I-fmb Xwkv A¸n-s\bpw enwIsbbpw sIm¡þtImf Gsä-Sp-¯Xv I¼-\n-bpsS C ´y-bnse hfÀ¨-bn \nÀ®m-b-I-am-b-Xmbn amÀ¡änwKv hnZ-Kv[À hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. \K-c-§Äs¡m-¸wXs¶ {Kma-§-fnepw km¶n[yw ià-am-¡m-\p-ff s{]mtam-j-W ]²-Xn-IÄ Bhn-jvI-cn-¨-XmWv tIm ¡nsâ hfÀ¨-bn \nÀ®m-b-I-amb asämcp LS-Iw.

3A (Availability, Acceptability, Affordability), 3P (Preference, Pervasive penetration, Price-related)-_nkn-\-knse

Cu c≠v LS-I-§sf ASn-Øm-\-am-¡n-bmWv 200-e-[nIw cmjv{S-§-fn-sebpw {_m³Uv _nÂUnwKv X{´-§Ä I¼\n Bhn-jvI-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. CXn Gsd-¡psd hnP-bn-¡m\pw tIm¡n\v Ign-ªp-sh¶v temIw hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. 2009-ap-X BtKmf Xe¯n 'Open Happiness' Imw]-bn³ \S-¯n-h-cp-I-bmWv Cu Ata-cn-¡³ {_m³Uv. D¸-¶-§-fnse sshhn[y-h¡-c-Ww, KpW-ta-·, Ipdª hne-\n-e-hmcw, cpNn-t`Zw F¶n-h-bnseÃmw hn«p-ho-gvN-bn-Ãm¯ kao-]\w kzoI-cn¨v apàmÀ sIânsâ (No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«nhv Hm^o-kÀ) t\Xr-Xz-¯n ]pXnb hn]-Wn-IÄ Is≠¯n IqSp-X Db-c-§-fn-te¡v IpXn-¡p-I-bmWv sIm¡þtImf.

27


Core Strengths

_m¦nwKv & ^n\m³kv

{KmaoW P\-X-bpsS

6164 service outlets 13,000 plus Corp Bankers

imào-I-cWw

yw

tIhew A¿m-bn-cw cq-]-bp-sS aq-e-[-\-hp-am-bn 1906  IÀ®m-S-I-bn-se D-Sp-¸n-bn {]hÀ¯\w Xp-S§nb tImÀ-¸-td-j³ _m-¦v, C¶v 2,36,611 tIm-Sn- cq-]-bp-sS _n-kn-\-kv \S-¯p¶, cmPys¯ {]apJ [\-Imcy Øm]-\-§fn H¶mbn amdn-bncn¡p-I-bmWv. _m-¦n-sâ tI-c-f-¯n-se {]-hÀ-¯\w, hn-]p-eoI-c-W ]-²XnIÄ, {i-² -tI-{µo-I-cn-¡m\p-t±-in-¡p¶ ]p-Xn-b ta-J-e-IÄ F-¶n-h-sb-¡p-dn¨v sU-]yq-«n P-\-d am-t\-PÀ (tIc-fm tkm¬) F Fw Fw Pn \m-bÀ F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv kw-km-cn-¡p¶p

]pXnb 15 {_m©p-IÄ Ip-än-h«w, ]-Xn-bqÀ, A-Xn-c-¼p-g, I-dp-I¨mÂ, ]m-¼mSn, Im-ªn-c-¸-Ån, am-then¡-c, s\-Sp-a-§mSv, Nm-cp-aqSv, C-cn§-¶qÀ, I-©n-t¡mSv, Xr-¸q-Wn-¯p-d, h-SI-c, ]-¿-¶qÀ, sIm-Sp-§ÃqÀ Sn ]n {]im´v

{Km

-ao-W-P-\-X-bp-sS imào-I-c-W-¯n-\v tImÀ-¸-tdj³ _m-¦v \Â-In-h-cp-¶ kw-`m-h-\ IÄ? cq-]oI-c-W Im-ew ap-XÂt¡ {Kmao-W P-\-X-bp-sS im-ào-Ic-W-¯n-\v {]m-[m\yw \ÂIns¡m≠v \n-ch-[n Im-cy-§Ä tImÀ-¸-td-j³- _m-¦v sN-bv-Xn-«p≠v. CXn {i-t²-bam-b H-¶m-Wv 2005 B-cw-`n¨ {Km-ao¬ hn-Imkv tI-{µ. Iq-Sp-X {Km-a-§-fn-te¡v I-S-¡p-I F-¶- e-£y-¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bn cq-]o-I-cn-¨ Cu ]-²-Xnbn-eq-sS _n-kn\-kv I-dkv-t]m≠â vkv (_nkn) tam-U A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨p. 159 {Km-a-§-fn Xp-S§n-b Cu {]-hÀ¯-\w C-¶v 2500 {Km-a-§-fn-te--¡v hym-]n-¨p I-gnªp. tI-c-f-¯n-te-XS¡w {Km-a-oW P-\-X-bp-sS im-ào-I-c-

28

W-¯n-\m-h-iyam-b kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \Â-Im\pw H-¸w _m¦nsâ {] hÀ¯-\w hn-]p-eo-I-cn-¡m \pw km-[n-¨p. {Kmao-W P-\-X-bv¡v sXm-gnÂ- ]-cn-io-e-\hpw aäpw \Â-Ip-¶-Xn-\v dq-d s{S-bn-\nw-Kv skâÀ Øm-]n-¨n-«p-≠v. In-km³ s{I-Un-äv ImÀUv, P-\-d s{IUn-äv ImÀ-Uv F¶n-h {Kmao-W P-\-X-bv-¡v \Â-Ip-¶-Xn-\v ap³ssI- F-Sp-¯ _m-¦v, tImÀ-¸v {] K-Xn F¡u-≠pI-fn-eqsS H-cp I-kv-ä-aÀ¡v 50,000 cq-] Hm-hÀ {Um-^v-äv ]cn[n \ÂInbn-«p-≠v. A-hÀ-¡v H-cp Zn-h-kw 10,000 cq-] h-sc- am{Xta ]n³-h-en-¡m³ A\p-a-Xn-bp-Åq. Hmtcm {Kma¯nepw _m-¦v \n-b-an-¨n-«pÅ _nkn\kv Idkv-t]m-≠â v _-tbm-sa-{Sn-Iv sa-jn-\p-am-bn D]-t`m-àm-¡sf k-ao-]n-¨v _m-¦v C-S-]m-Sp-IÄ \-S-¯p-¶ co-Xn hf-sc hn-P-b-I-cam-bn ap-t¶m«pt]mIp-¶p≠v. tIc-f-¯n t_m-hn-¡m\w (ImkÀ-

tImUvv) \n-d-a-cp-XqÀ (ae-¸p-dw), sNÃm-\w (F-d-Wm-Ip-fw) F-¶nhnS§-fn- Cu ]²Xn \-S-¸m¡n-bn-«p-≠v. \n-ehnÂ, Nn-Iv-aw-KfqÀþsImS-Iv {Km-ao¬ _m-¦n-s\ kv-t]m¬-kÀ sN-¿p-¶Xpw tImÀ¸-td-j³ _m-¦m-Wv. {Kmao-W X-e-¯n kz-bw klm-b kw-L-§-fp-sS D-¶-a-\¯n-\m-bn {]-hÀ¯-\w \-S-¯n-bXn-sâ Aw-Ko-Im-c-am-bn 2012se kv-tIm-¨v (SKOCH) ^n-\m³-jy³ C³-¢q-j³ AhmÀ-Upw 2010þ11 hÀ-j-¯n cm-Py-s¯ an-I¨ c-≠ma-s¯ s]m-Xp-taJ-em _m-¦n-\p-Å A-hmÀUpw _m-¦n-\v e-`n-¨n-cp-¶p. kv-täm-¡v amÀ-¡-änse Øn-c-XbmÀ-¶ hnP-b¯n\p-]n-¶nÂ? 1906em-Wv tImÀ-¸-td-j³ _m-¦v Øm-]n-X-am-bXv. 107 hÀ-j¯n\n-Sbn _m-¦n-sâ Hml-cn-DS-a-IÄ¡pÅ Un-hnUâ v hnXcWwsN¿p-¶Xv H-cn¡Â-t¸mepw

ap-S-§n-bn-«nÃ. Cu N-cn-{X-w \Â-Ip-¶ hn-izm-ky-X-bpw ]n ³-_-ehp-amWv Hm-l-cn-hn-]Wn-bnepw R-§Ä-¡v I-cp-¯v ]-I-cp-¶Xv. sjbÀ-amÀ-¡-än FÃm-hÀ-j-hpw 25 i-X-am-\w em-`-h-fÀ¨ t\-Sm³ _m-¦nsâ Hm-l-cn-IÄ-¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p≠v. 2011þ12 km-¼-¯n-I-hÀ-jw 1500 tIm-Sn- cq]-bm-bn-cp-¶p A-ä-em-`w. {i-² -tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶ ]p-Xn-b ta-J-eIÄ? ]pXn-b ]-²-Xn-I-Ä B-hn-jv-I-cn-¡m-sX Hcp _m-¦n\pw C\n \n-e-\n¡m³ km-[n-¡nÃ. tKmÄ-Uv tem¬, F-kvFwC tem¬skâÀ, tKmÄ-Uv tjm-¸nw-Kv F-¶n§s\ do-s«-bv taJe tI-{µo-I-cn-¨p-Å _n-kn-\-kn {i-²- tI-{µo-I-cn-¡m\mWv tImÀ-¸-td-j³ _m-¦v Xo-cp-am\n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. F-kvFw-C se³-Unw-Kv hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ `m-Kam-bn sIm-¨n-bS-¡w cm-Pys¯ F«v tI-{µ-§-fn-em-Wv F-kvFwC tem¬- skâ-dpIÄ B-cw-`n-¡p-I. Iq-Sm-sX _m¦n-X-c -[-\-Imcy Øm]\-§Ä (F³-_n-F-^v-kn-) k-Po-h-am-bn-«pÅ tI-c-f-¯n tKmÄ-Uv tem¬ cw-K¯pw an-I-¨ {]-hÀ¯-\w \-S-¯m³ _m-¦n-\v km-[n-¡pw. tKmÄ-Uv tjm-¸nw-Kn-\m-bp-Å skâÀ B-ep-h-bn-em-Wv B-cw-`n-¡pI. ImÀjn-I taJ-ebv¡pw {]m-[m\yw sIm-Sp¯p-sIm≠p-Å kv-Io-ap-IÄ¡pw _m-¦v cq-]w \Â-In-bn-«p≠v. D-]-t`màm-¡Ä¡v tk-h-\-§Ä F-fp-¸-¯n e-`y-am-¡p-¶Xn-\p-Å X-¿m-sd-Sp-¸p-I-fmWv tImÀ-¸-td-j³ _m-¦v \-S-¸n-em-¡n-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p¶-Xv. C-Xph-sc _m-¦n-sâ C-S-]m-Sp-IÄ {_m-©vþtkmWÂþslUv Hm-^n-kp-IÄ F-¶n§-s\ 3- S-bÀ kwhn-[m\-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p {]-hÀ-¯n¨n-cp-¶Xv. F-¶m A-Xn-\v am-äw h-cp-¯n Iq-Sp-X Xo-cp-am-\-§Ä F-Sp-¡m-\p-Å kzm-X-{´y-t¯msS 5 ]pXn-b kÀ-¡nfpIÄ Xp-S-§n- 4- S-bÀ kw-hn-[m-\-¯n-te-bv-¡v am-dn. Xo-cp-am-\-§-sf-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\pw F-fp-¸-¯n \-S-¸m-¡p-¶-Xn \pw Cu kw-hn-[m-\w IqSp-X D-]-I-cn-¡pw. tImÀ_m-¦nw-Kv kw-hn-[m-\w DÄ-¸-sS-bpÅ B-[p\n-I kmt¦Xn-I hn-Zy-IÄ C-S-]m-Sp

-ImÀ-¡v e-`y-am-¡n _m-¦nw-Kv C-S-]m-Sp-IÄ kp-K-a-am¡nb _m-¦n\v Cu ta-J-e-bn an-I¨ Øm\-amWpÅ-Xv. C³-Iw Sm-Ivkv, FÂ-sF-kn t]-bvsaâp-IÄ F¶nh F-Sn-Fw h-gn A-S-bv-¡m-\p-Å kw-hn-[m\w B-Zy-am-bn H-cp-¡n-bXpw R§fmWv. _m-¦n-sâ hn-]p-eoI-c-W ]-²-XnIÄ? 1936 X-e-ti-cn-bn {_m©v Xp-S§n-s¡m≠v tI-c-f¯n-se {]-hÀ-¯-\-¯n-\v Xp-S¡-an« tImÀ-¸-td-j³ _m-¦n-\v \n-e-hn 14 PnÃ-I-fn-embn 84 {_m-©p-I-fpw 49 F-Sn-Fw skâ-dp-Ifpap≠v. {]-hÀ¯\w hym-]n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ `mK-am-bn kw-Øm\¯v ]p-Xn-b 15 {_m-©p-IÄ Xp-S-§m-\m-Wv _m-¦v e-£y-an-Sp-¶-Xv. C-Xn F-«v im-JIÄ _m-¦nw-Kv I-S¶p-sNÃm¯ {Km-a-§-fn-em-Wv B-cw-`n-¡p-I. tI-c-f-¯n {_m-©p-I-fp-sS F-®w 2015 B-Ip-t¼m-tg-¡pw 120 B-bn D-bÀ-¯m-\m-Wv e-£y-an-Sp¶Xv. cm-Pys¯ 26 kw-Øm\-§-fn-epw aq¶v tI-{µ-`-c-W{]-tZ-i-§-fnepw imJI-fpÅ tImÀ-¸-td-j³ _m-¦v \-S-¸pkm-¼-¯n-I hÀjw 300 {_m-©p-I-fm-Wv ]p-Xp-Xm-bn B-cw-`n-¡p-¶-Xv. Zp-_m-bnepw tlm-t¦m-§nepw sd-{]-k-tâäohv Hm^o-kp-I-fp-Å _m-¦v, B-tKm-fX-e-¯n- {]-hÀ¯\w hn-]p-e-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-sâ `m-K-am-bn B-{^n¡bnepw bqtdm-]y³ cm-Py-§fnepw Hm^okp-Ifpw im-J-Ifpw Xp-d-¡pw. Cu -km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw tIc-f-¯n e£y-an-Sp¶ h-fÀ-¨? tI-c-f-¯n I-gn-ª km-¼¯n-I-hÀ-jw 4300 tImSn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äp-h-c-hm-Wv \-S-¶Xv. \-S-¸p-km-¼-¯nI-hÀ-jw A-Xv 5200 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-bn hÀ-²n-¸n-¡m-\p-Å {]-b-Xv-\-¯n-em-Wv. A-Xnsâ `m-K-ambn \n-e-hn-ep-Å D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS F-®w 6 e-£-¯n \n-¶v ]¯v e-£am-¡pw. 2015þ tI-c-f-¯n \n-¶v 1000 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hnäp-h-c-hm-Wv _m-¦v {]-Xo-£n¡p-¶Xv. _m-¦nsâ I-gn-ªhÀj-s¯ sam-¯-¯n-ep-Å hn-äp-hc-hv 2,36,611 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv. Cu km-¼¯nIhÀ-jw A-Xv 2,88,000 tIm-Sn cq]-bm-bn D-bÀ-¯m-\m-Wv e-£y-an-«n-«p-Å-Xv.


Hmlcn hn]Wn A-c-hn-µm-£³ \mbÀ, U-b-d-ÎÀ, A-Iyp-sa³ Iym-]n-ä amÀ¡-äv C´ym en-anäUv

tÌm¡v amÀ¡äv \nt£-]-IÀ¡v anI¨ dnt«¬kv In«p-¶nÃ

Im-fnµn sd-bn aq-¶v Z-im-Ð-¡m-e-am-bn sdbnÂth {Sm-¡v, kn-K-v\-enw-Kv, sSen-I-½yq-Wn-t¡-j³ t{]mPÎv \nÀ-am-W taJ-e-Ifn- kPo-h km-¶n-²y-amWv Im-fnµn sd-bn \nÀam¬ (F³-Pn-\n-tb-gvkv) est enan-ä-Uv. cm-Pys¯ Auys SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§-fpsS h-fÀ-¨bpw hn-I-k-\ hpw e-£y-an«v tI-{µ-kÀ¡mÀ ]p-d-s¸-Sp-hn-¨ ]pXn-b ]-cn-jv-Im-c-§-fpw sd-bnÂþK-XmKX hn-Ik-\]-²-Xn-Ifpw Im-fnµn sd-bn-en-\v ap-t¶m-«p-Å h-fÀ-¨-bn G-sd KpWw sN-¿pw. `m-hn-bn sa-t{Sm sd-bn- \nÀ½m-W ]-²-XnIÄ h-cp¶-Xv Cu I-¼-\n¡v an-I-¨ A-h-k-c-§-fm-Wv H-cp-¡p-¶-Xv. Hml-cn hn-eþ ` 77.30 ap-Jhn-eþ ` 10.00 _p-¡v hm-eypþ ` 111.64

C´y³ Hmlcn hn]-Wn-bpsS Ncn-{X-¯nse anI¨ apt¶äw Bcw`n-¡p-¶Xv 2003 G{]n apXem-Wv. 2003 G{]nen 3000 t]m bnân \n¶p apt¶-äw XpS-§nb _nF-kvC kqNnI 2008 P\p-hcn Bbt¸m-tg¡pw 21,000 ¯nse-¯n. ]n¶o-SpÅ Hcp hÀjw Xmgv¨-bp-tS-Xm-bn-cp¶p. 2008 HIvtSm-_-dn 21,000¯nÂ\n¶v Xmgv¶v kqNnI 7700  F¯n. ho≠pw DbÀ¶v 2010 Bb-t¸m-tg¡pw 20,000 IS-¶p. HSp-hn 2012  18,000 ¯nse¯n \n¡p-¶p. H¼Xp hÀj-¯n-\p-Ån 500% hÀ²-\. hmÀjnI icm-icn FSp-¯m {]Xn-hÀjw 55% aqey-hÀ²-\

B

kn-sâ-Iv-kv C-´y-bn-se ¹m-Ìn-Iv, sS-Iv-ssÌ A-\p-_Ô DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS ap³\n-c \nÀamW hnX-c-W-¡m-cm-Wv knsâIv-kv C³-U-kv-{So-kv. G-jy³ hn-]-Wn-sb-¡q-Sm-sX H³-]-tXm-fw cm-Py-§-fn kn-sâ-Iv-kv DÂ-¸-¶-§-fp-sS hym]m-c irwJe hym-]n-¨p In-S-¡p¶p. I-¼ -\n-bp-sS amÀ¡-äv Im-¸n-ä-sse-tk-j³ hmÀjnI hnÂ-¸-\-tb-¡mfpw Icp-X ti-J-c-t¯¡mfpw Ip-d-hmbXn-\m Hm-l-cn-IÄ-¡v hn-]Wn-bn Xm¸-cyw Ip-d-ªn-«p≠v. F-¶m I-¼-\n-¡p-≠m-bn-cp-¶ t^m-dn³ I¬-hÀ-«n_nÄ t_m-≠n-sâ _m-[y-X-bm-b 1200 tIm-Sn cq-] A-S-¨p XoÀ¯Xv amÀ-¡-än I-¼-\n-¡v {]-Xo£bv-¡v h-I \Â-Ip¶p. Hml-cn hn-eþ ` 65.90 ap-Jhn-eþ ` 1.00 _p-¡v hm-eypþ ` 85.50

I-an³-kv C´y A-©p-Z-im-Ð-¡m-e-am-bn C-´y³ hn-]-Wnbnse Uo-kÂ, {]-Ir-Xn hm-X-I F³-Pn³ \nÀam-W cwK-s¯ {][m-\n-I-fm-Wv I-an³-kv C´y. Iq-SmsX, C³-U-kv-{Sn-b F³-Pn³, ]-hÀ P-\-tdj³, Hm-t«m-tam-«o-hv cw-K-§fnepw I-¼-\n-¡v an-I-¨ kzo-Im-cy-X-bm-WpÅ-Xv. {]ap-J eq-{_n-¡â v {_m³Um-b hmÄthmen³ Ia-n³-kn-sâ s{]m-U-Îm-Wv. \-S-¸p-km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j-¯n-sâ B-Zy-]m-Z¯n Ian³-kv C´y¡v 1241 tIm-Sn cp-]-bpsS hn¸-\-bmWp-≠m-b-Xv. Hml-cn hn-eþ ` 481.20 ap-Jhn-eþ ` 10.00 _p-¡v hm-eypþ ` 73.71

F-]n- t]-¸À ]m-t¡-Pnw-Kv cwK-¯v A-Xn-th-Kw h-f-cp-¶ amÀ-¡-äp-Ifn-sem-¶m-Wv C-´y-bp-tSXv. {]-XnhÀ-jw hn-]-Wn-bn-se t]-¸À D-]-t`m-K-¯n 5 i-X-am-\hpw ]m-t¡-Pnw-Kv cw-K-¯v 8 i-Xam-\hpw hÀ-²-\-bm-Wv tc-J-s¸-Sp¯n-sIm≠n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. temI-s¯ G-ähpw hen-b t]-¸Àþ]ĸv \nÀ½m-W I-¼-\nbm-b CâÀ\m-j-W t]-¸-dn-\v 75 i-X-am-\w Hml-cn-bmWv B-{Ôm-{]-tZ-iv t]-¸À anÂ-kv F¶ F-]n- t]-¸-dn-ep-Å-Xv. Hml-cn hn-eþ ` 322.20 ap-Jhn-eþ ` 10.00 _p-¡v hm-eypþ ` 120.82 (taÂ-]d-ª Hml-cnIÄ te-J-I³ hy-àn-]camtbm I-£n-IÄ-¡p-th≠­ntbm ssIh-iwh¨tXm h-bv¡p-¶tXm B-Imw. C-Xn-sâ A\-´-c ^-e-§-fn te-J-I-t\m, F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bvt¡m bm-sXm-cp D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xzhpw D-≠ ­ m-bn-cn-¡p-¶XÃ.)

hn cmtP-{µ³, kn-FwUn, Im]vtÌmIvkv

tÌm

¡v amÀ¡-ä-nep-­-­≠mb A`q-X-]qÀÆamb hÀ²-\-bpsS KpWw F{X \nt£-]-I-À¡v In«n? hfsc Ipd-¨p-t] À¡v am{Xw. XoÀ¨-bmbpw H«p-an¡ \nt£-]-IÀ ¡pw CXnsâ ]IpXn t]mepw aqeyhÀ²\ Ah-cpsS \nt£-]§Ä¡p-ta e`n-¨n-«n-Ã. am{X-aÃ, Ipsd-tbsd t] À¡v \nt£-]n¨ XpI Xs¶ \sÃmcp iX-am\w \jvS-am-bn«pap≠v. F´psIm≠mWnXp kw`-hn¡p-¶Xv? \n^vän-bn-tem, _nF-kvC bntem DÅ Hml-cn-I-fn AÔ-ambn«p \nt£-]n-¨mÂt]m epw C{Xbpw Imew sIm≠v Hcp e£w cq]-bpsS \nt£]w Npcp-§n-bXv Bdp-e-£-¯n-\-Sp-s¯-¦n-ep-am-tbs\! F³FkvC knF³FIvkv anUvIym¸v kqNnII-fnembn-cp-s¶-¦n CXv Npcp-§n-bXv F«p-e-£-sa-¦n-ep-am-tbs\!!! hn]-Wnsb-¡p-dn¨pw AXnsâ \o¡-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨pw Xnc-sª-Sp¡p¶ Hml-cn-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw icn-bmbn ]Tn¨ Hcp \nt£]-I\v kqNn-I-bpsS t\«-¯n-s\m-¸-tam, AXn-ep-ta-sdtbm t\«w sIm¿m³ Cu Ime-b-f-hn km[n¡pam-bn-cp¶p. Fhn-sS-bmWv ]nghp ]äp-¶Xv? D¯cw hf-sc- efn-X-amWv. `qcn-`mKw \nt£-]-Icpw X§Ä¡v Hcn-¡Â kw`-hn¨ ]ng-hp-Isf Xncp-¯m-sX, ]Tn-¡msX ho≠pw ho≠pw BhÀ¯n-¡p-I-bm-Wv. CXv Xocm-\-jvS-¯n-te¡mWv hgn-sh-¡p-¶Xv. \nt£-]-IÀ anI¨ hfÀ¨m-km-²y-X-bp-Å-Xpw Ct¸mgs¯ hn]-Wn-bn B km²y-X-bv¡-\p-k-cn¨v aqeyhÀ²\ t\Sm-¯-Xp-amb Hml-cn-IÄ Xnc-sª-Sp¯v AXn³ta \nt£]w \S-¯-Ww. Cu \nt£-]-§fn \n¶v s]s«¶v t\«w {]Xo-£n-¡msX {i²m-]qÀÆw Im¯n-cn-¡-Ww. anI¨ hfÀ¨m-km-²y-X-bps≠¶v Dd¸pÅ Hml-cn-I-fn-t·Â ZoÀL-Im-e-Sn-Øm-\-¯n Xs¶ \nt£-]n-¡-Ww. Hcp \nt£-]-I³ anI¨ km²y-X-bp-ff Hml-cn-I-fn-t·Â \nt£]w \S-¯p¶p-sh¶ph-bv¡p-I. \nt£]w \S¯n GXm\pw \mfp-IÄ¡Iw B Hml-cnIfpsS hne Ipsd hÀ²n¨p-sh-¶p-I-cp-Xp-I. `qcn-`mKw \n t£-]-Icpw Cu kml-N-cy-¯n sNdnb em`§Ä¡p th≠n AXp hnä-gn¡pw, F¶n«v Ipd-¨p-IqSn hne Ipd-bpt¼mÄ hm§n¡mw F¶p Icp-Xpw. ]t£, kw`-hn-¡pI t\sc hn]-co-X-am-bn-«m-bn-cn-¡pw. hne apt¶m«pXs¶ t]mIpw. ]t£, \nt£-]-I³ IcpXpw AXp XoÀ¨-bmbpw ]nt¶m«phcpw At¸mÄ hm§m-sa¶v. F¶m CXv ]e-t¸mgpw kw`hn¡m-dn-Ã. Xm³ 10 cq]bv¡p hm§nb Hml-cn- 300 cq] ]n¶nSp-t¼mgpw, AXv 15 cq]bv¡p hnäp t]mbtÃm F¶ Zp:Jhp-ambn AbmÄ hne Ipd-bp-sa¶v IcpXn Im¯n-cn-¡pw. HSp-hn AXbmÄ¡v hm§n-¡mhp-¶-Xn-\-¸pdw ]cn-[n-bn-te¡v DbÀ¶pt]mhpIbpw sN¿pw. hnt{]m-bp-sS-bpw C³t^m-kn-knsâ-bp-saÃmw Hml-cn-IÄ C¯-c-¯n Ipd-ª hnebv¡p hm§n sNdnb em`-§Ä¡p th≠n hnäv HSp-hn Bbn-c-§Ä IS¶v Ah-bpsS aqeyw hÀ²n-¡p-t¼mÄ hn[nsb ]gn-¨psIm≠ncn¡p¶ \nc-h[n Bfp-Isf F\n-¡-dn-bmw. Ah-

C-t¸mgpw ssIhiw h¨n-cp-¶p-sh-¦n AhÀ tImSo-izc³am-cm-tbs\ F¶ Zp:Jw Ct¸mgpw _m¡n \n¡p-¶p. NneÀ ]d-bp-¶Xp tIÄ¡mw Rm³ ssIhiw h¨n-cp¶ amk-§-fn-sem¶pw hf-cm-Xn-cp¶ Hml-cnIÄ Rm³ hnä-gn-¨p, c≠pZnhkw Ign-ª-t¸mÄ H¯ncn DbÀ¶p, F´p sN¿mw... FÃmw Fsâ hn[n! CXp hn[nbà tImam-fn-¯-c-am-sW¶mWv Fsâ A`n-{]m-bw. hf-cpsa¶pd-¸pÅ \nt£-]-§-fn ZoÀL-Ime \nt£-]-¯n\v X¿m-dm-hmsX sNdnb em`-sa-Sp-¡m³ Xp\nªv henb t\«-§sf \jvS-am-¡nb lX`mKysc Ipdn¨v asä-´mWp ]d-bp-I. CXv Xncn-¨pÅ HmÀU-dnepw kw`-hn-¡mw. NneÀ sXämb Xocp-am-\-§-sf-Sp¯v hfÀ¨m-km-²y-X-bn-Ãm¯ Hml-cn-I-fn-t·Â \nt£]w \S¯n \jvS-§fn \n ¶v \jvS-§-fn-te¡v Iq¸p-Ip-¯m-dp-ap≠v. Xm³ FSp¯ Xocp-am\w sXäm-sW¶v t_m²y-s¸-«m sNdnb \jvS§Ä kw`-hn-¨m t]mepw AXp IW-¡n-se-Sp-¡msX A¯cw Hml-cn-IÄ hnä-gn¨v ]p\À\n-t£-]-¯n\v X¿mdmhWw. AÃmsX \qdns\Sp¯ sjb-dp-IÄ 90 Bhpt¼mgpw, 80 Bhp-t¼mgpw ]n¶oSv Adp-]Xnse-¯pt¼mgpw Dbcpw Dbcpw F¶p {]Xo-£n¨p\n¶v HSp-hn 10 se¯p-¶-Xp-hsc Im¯p-\n¡-cp-Xv. InwKv^nj-dnsâ-bpw, kpkvtem-Wn-sâbpsaÃmw Hml-cn-I-fn-t·Â AS-bn-cp¶v C¯cw a≠¯cw ImWn¨ \nc-h[n t]sc F\n-¡-dn-bmw. CXn\v tÌm¡v amÀ¡-än-s\-tbm, t{_m¡sd-tbm, sk_n-tbtbm H¶pw ]gn-¨n-«p-Im-cy-an-Ã. AXp-sIm≠v Hml-cn-kq-Nn-I-IÄ \ÂIp¶ t\«§Ä¡-\p-kr-X-ambn Xsâ \nt£-]-§Ä¡v hfÀ¨ In«p¶nà F¶p tXm¶p¶ \nt£-]-IÀ XoÀ¨-bmbpw ]p \-cm-tem-N-\bv¡p X¿m-dm-h-Ww. CXn-\pÅ Gähpw \à amÀ¤w hnZ-Kv[-cpsS D]-tZ-ihpw tkh-\hpw kzoIcn-¡pI F¶-Xp-am{XamWv. th≠{X ka-b-hpw, sshZKv[yhpw CÃm¯ \nt£-]-IÀ¡p klm-b-I-ambn C¡me-¯v \nc-h[n tkh-\-§Ä t{_m¡nwKv I¼-\nIfpsS "CIznän A\m-en-knkv' hn`mKw \ÂIp-¶p≠v. CXp kzoI-cn¡mw, AsÃ-¦n sk_n cPn-kvt{SUv t]mÀ«v t^mfntbm amt\-PÀam-cpsS tkh\w D]-tbm-Kn¡mw; AXp-a-sÃ-¦n anI¨ coXn-bn amt\Pv sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ aq¨z ^≠pIfn \nt£-]n-¡mw. AÃmsX Hcn-¡Â kw`-hn¨ sXäp-IÄ BhÀ¯n-¡m³ ho≠pw Ah-k-csam-cp-¡-cp-Xv.

29


dnb FtÌäv ASTEN MALL LIFE-STYLE-SPACE Rajagiri, Kakkanad

CAMPUS COURT LIFE-STYLE-HOMES Rajagiri, Kakkanad

\oXp taml³

dm

^n ta¯sd kw_-Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw Hmtcm t{]mP-IvSpw Hcp k¼qÀW "{Intb-äohv' Bi-bamWv. dnb FtÌäv t{]mP-IvSp-IÄ tIhew _nkn-\ kv t{]mP-IvSp-IÄ F¶-Xn-ep-]cn Hcp "]mj³' BWv. Cu kaÀ¸Ww Xs¶-bmWv hÀj-§-fmbn ta¯À t{]mP-IvSvknsâ Hmtcm ]²-Xnsbbpw D]t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v lrZy-am-¡n-b-Xpw. Ct¸mÄ Im¡\mSv cmP-Kn-cn-bn "B̬ dnbÂtä-gvknsâ' ]©-\-£{X tlm«Â, tjm¸nwKv amÄ, aÄ«n-¹Ivkv, 3 _nF-¨vsI, 2 _nF¨vsI A¸mÀ«vsaâpIÄ AS¡w k¼qÀW "Su¬jn¸v' ]²-Xn-bp-ambn dm^n- ta-¯À F¯n-b-t¸mÄ tIc-fo-b-c-S¡w \nch[n t]À ]n´p-W-bp-ambn F¯n-bXv asäm-¶pwsIm≠Ã. tIc-f-¯nsâ dnb FtÌäv hnI-k-\w, ]cn-Øn-Xn-, dnb FtÌäv sUh-e-¸Àam-cpsS kmaq-ly-{]-Xn-_²X XpS-§n-b-hsb¡pdn-s¨Ãmw hyXykvX-amb ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IfpÅ dm^n -ta-¯À "sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ' tamU-en-s\-¡p-dn-¨pw "lcnX' hnI-k-\-s¯-¡p-dn¨pw Xsâ ]pXnb t{]mP-IvSns\¡pdn¨psaÃmw Xpd¶p kwkm-cn-¡p-Ibm-Wv. dm^n FaÀPnMv tIc-fbv¡p \Â-Inb A`nap-J-¯n-eqsS. tIcf dnb FtÌ-äv: hnZ-Kv[cpw, Ahn-ZKv[cpamb BfpIÄ¡v Gä-hp-a-[nIw sXmgn \ÂIp¶ taJ-e-bmWv dnb FtÌäv. dnb FtÌäv hnI-k\w F¶m A¸mÀ«vsaâp-Ifp-sS-tbm, hnÃ-I-fp-sStbm, sImta-gvky _nÂUn-wKp-I-fpsStbm \nÀ½mWw am{X-am-sW¶ [mcW s]mXp-thbp≠v. Hcp kaq-l-¯nsâ sam¯w hfÀ¨-bm-Wv, AsÃ-¦n AXnsâ `mK-amWv dnb FtÌ-äv hnI-k-\-hpw. AXv hf-cp¶ temI¯nsâ kzm`m-hn-I-amb ]cn-hÀ¯\w IqSn-bm-Wv. hnZ-Kv[cpw, ]cn-io-e\w kn²n-¨-h-cp-amb Bfp-IÄ, "te¬Uv am³]hÀ' BWv tIc-f-¯nsâ hfÀ¨bv¡pw hnIk-\-¯n\pw Imc-W-am-

30

dnb FtÌäv b-Xv. {]hmkn ae-bm-fn-IÄ Hcp L«-¯n tIc-f¯n-te¡v hnI-k-\-¯nsâ shfn¨w sIm≠ph¶p. ]n¶oSv Cu "te¬Uv am³]-hÀ' Xs¶-bmWv tIc-f-¯n-te¡v sFSn tImÀ¸-td-äp-Isf BIÀjn¨-Xv. Ch c≠pw tIc-f-¯nse dnb FtÌ-äv hnI-k-\-¯n\v IpXn¸p \ÂIn. sSIvt\m-]mÀ¡pw, C³t^m-]mÀ¡pw tIcf-¯nse dnb FtÌäv taJ-ebv¡v \ÂInb DWÀhv kvamÀ«v knän bmYmÀ°yam-¡p-¶-tXmsS ]qÀ®-X-bn-se-¯p-sa-¶mWv Icp-Xp-¶-Xv. AXpt]mse Xs¶ hÃmÀ¸mSw Is≠bv\À sSÀan-\epw tIc-f-¯nsâ {]Ir-Xn-c-a-Wo-b-X-bpw, anI¨ FbÀþtdmUvþsdbn- IW-IvSn-hn-än-bp-saÃmw A\p-Iq-e-L-S-I-§-fmWv. Cu LS-I-§-sfÃmw Gähpw IqSp-X {]tbm-P-\-s¸-«Xv sIm¨n-bv¡msW-¶Xv {]tXyIw FSp¯p]-dtb≠XmWv. AXp-sIm≠pXs¶-bmWv C´y-bnse anI¨ dnb FtÌ-äv I¼\n-I-sfÃmw sIm¨n-bn t{]mP-IvSp-I-fp-am-sb-¯n-b-Xpw. dos«-bvÂ, Sqdnkw, dnb FtÌäv taJ-e-I-fn hcpw hÀj§-fn-ep≠mhp¶ hfÀ¨ sIm¨nsb Zp_mbv \K-c¯n\p Xpey-tam, AXn-e-¸p-dtam hfÀ¯psa-¶-Xn F\n¡p kwi-banÃ. sIm¨n-bn Cu hÀjw {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n-¡m-\n-cn-¡p¶ "epep ssl¸ÀamÀ¡äpw' A\p-_Ô ]²-Xn-Ifpw Gjy³ cmPy-§-fpsS {i²sb sIm¨n-bn-te¡v Xn-cn¨ncn-¡p-I-bmWv.

dnb FtÌäv hnI-k\w {]Xn-_Ô§Ä: IÀ®mSI-bnepw alm-cm-jv{S-bnep-saÃmw dnb FtÌäv hnI-k-\s¯ klm-bn¨pw \nb-{´n¨pw sIm≠v "AÀ_³ Uh-e-]vsaâ v Bâ v ¹m\nwKv Un¸mÀ«vsaânsâ' tkh\w e`yam-Wv. \ap-¡n-hnsS C¯-c-¯n-epÅ Hcp "sUUnt¡-äUv' hIp¸nsâ A`mhw hfsc {]iv\-§Ä krjvSn-¡p-¶p≠v. Hmtcm t{]mP-IvSn-sâbpw A{]q -h-ep-IÄ¡v th≠n \nc-h[n hIp-¸p-I-fn Ibdn Cdt§≠ C¶s¯ AhØ amd-Ww. AXp-t]m se Imem-\p-kr-X-amb ]cn-jvIm-c-§Ä Cu cwK¯v \ne-hn-ep-Å \nb-a-§-fn hcp-¯p-Ibpw thWw. A{]q-h-ep-IÄ¡v GI-Pm-eI kwhn-[m\w, Hcp {]tXyI "AÀ_³ Uh-e-]vsaâ v Bâ v ¹m\nwKv' hIp-¸nsâ tkh\w F¶nh e`y-ambm tIc-f-¯nse dnb FtÌäv taJ-ebv¡v AXv hfsc klm-b-I-c-a-mhpw. lcnX hnI-k\w: dnb FtÌäv ]²-Xn-IÄ hcp-t¼mÄ Irjn-bn-S-§Ä CÃm-Xm-hp-¶p, ] cn-ØnXn \in¡p¶p Fs¶Ãm-ap-ff ]cmXnIÄ tIc-f-¯n s]mXp-sh-bp≠v. tIc-f-¯n Hcp dnb FtÌ-äv sUh-e-¸dpw ]cn-Ø-nXnsb \ in-¸n-¨p-sIm≠v ]²Xn sIm≠p hc-W-sa¶v B{K-ln-¡p-¶p≠mhnÃ. ImcWw anI¨ {]IrXn `wKn-bpw "hm«À {^≠pIfpw' Imem-h-Ø-bp-sa-ÃmamWv tIc-f-¯n Hcp hoSv thW-sa¶ tamlw


tIc-f-¯nsâ dnb FtÌäv hnI-k-\w, ]cn-Øn-Xn-, dnb FtÌäv sUh-e-¸Àam-cpsS kmaq-ly-{]-Xn-_²X XpS-§nbhsb¡pdn-s¨Ãmw hyXykvXamb ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IfmWv dm^n -ta-¯dn\p-Å-Xv. "sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ' tamU-ens\-¡p-dn-¨pw "lcnX' hnI-k-\s¯-¡p-dn¨pw Xsâ ]pXnb t{]mP-IvSns\¡pdn¨psaÃmw At±lw Xpd¶p kwkm-cn-¡p-¶p

dm^n -ta-¯À

""PohnX \nÀ`-c-amb PohnXw, Hmtcm \nan-jhpw Bkzm-Zy-I-c-amb PohnXw,'' P\n-¸n-¡p-¶Xv. AXpsIm≠pXs¶ ChnSps¯ dnb FtÌäv I¼-\n-I-sfÃmw lcnX hnI-k-\s¯ A\p-Iq-en-¡p-¶-hcm-Wv. tIc-f-¯nse dnb FtÌäv C\n "shÀ«n-¡Â' Bbn hf-cWw F¶Xpw {] [m-\-s¸« Hcp kwK-Xn-bm-Wv. ]c-am-h[n `qan hcpwXe-ap-dbv¡v _m¡n-bn-«p-sIm≠v "shÀ«n-¡Â' Uh-e-]vsaân\p klm-bI-amb hn[-¯n \½Ä t{]mP-IvSp-IÄ ¹m³ sN¿Ww. Htckabw ]cn-Øn-Xnsb-bpw Irjn-Ø-e-§-sfbpw kwc-£n-¨psIm≠pw hÀ²n¨phcp¶ `h\ Bh-iy§sf IW-¡n-se-Sp¯p sIm≠papÅ Hcp sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ sUh-e-]vsaâmWv \ap-¡m-h-iyw.

PohnX \nÀ`-c-amb PohnXw B̬, cmP-Kncn Câ-t{K-äUv Su¬jn¸v: temI-{]-i-kvX-hpw tZio-bhpw kztZ-io-bhpamb {_m³UUv dos«bv Hu«vse-äpIÄ, aÄ«n-¹-Ivkp-IÄ F¶n-hbpÄs¸-Sp¶ B̬ amÄ, ]©-\-£{X tlm«Â kap-¨-bw, 2,3 _nF¨vsI BUw_c A¸mÀ«vsaâp-IÄ (B-̬ Imw]kv tImÀ«v), Ch-bv¡-\p-_-Ôambn \nc-h[n aäp kuI-cy-§Ä, FÃm-a-S-§p¶ 100 G¡-dnse hnkva-b-amWv B̬ ta¯À

I¼-\n-bpsS cmP-Kn-cn-bnse t{]mP-IvSv. C³t^m-]mÀ¡n-epw, "kvamÀ«v knän' bnepambn C\nbpw hcm-\n-cn-¡p¶ sFSn hnIk-\s¯ ap¶n I≠psIm≠mWv Cu t{]mPIvSv ¹m³ sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. sFSn I¼-\n-I-fn hcp¶ bph-X-eapd-bpsS PohnX ssien-tb-bpw Xm¸cy-§-sf-bpsaÃmw ]qÀ®-ambn DÄs¡m≠psIm≠mWv t{]mP-IvSv Unssk³ sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. sIm¨n CXp-hsc I≠n«nÃm¯ BÀ`m-S-]q À®-amb Pohn-Xm-tLm-j-§sf hcth¡m³ £Wn-¨p-sIm≠mWv Hmtcm s{]mtam-j\pw kwhn-[m\w sNbvXncn-¡p-¶-Xv. sat{Sm \K-c-ambn hf-cp¶ sIm¨n-bnse Gähpw aqey-hÀ²n-X-amb C³t^m-]mÀ¡vþkvamÀ«vknän taJ-e-bn hcp¶ Cu t{]mPIvSv Hcp anI¨ \nt£]-sa¶ \nebnepw Gähpw A`n-Im-ay-amsW¶v \nt£] cwKs¯ hnZKvZÀ A`n{]m-b-s¸Sp¶p. 60 e£-¯n\Sp¯v ss{]kv SmKv DÅ A¸mÀ«vsaâp-I-fpsS _p¡nw-Kn\mbn BZy-L« aoUnbm s{]mtam-j³ Bcw-`n-¨-t¸mÄ Xs¶ e`n¨ anI¨ {] Xn-I-cWw CXp icn-h-bv¡p-¶p. sIm¨n t]mepÅ hf-cp¶ \K-c-§fpsS Bh-iy§sf DÄs¡m-Åm³ C¯cw ]²-Xn-IÄ IqSntb Xocq F¶ Xncn-¨-dn-hpw.

Nph-¸nsâbpw shfp-¸n-sâbpw ]Ým-¯-e-¯n sIm¨n-bnse dnb FtÌäv k¦Â¸-§Ä¡v ]pXnb am\w\ÂIp¶ ]cky-§-fp-ambn B̬ cmP-Kncn t{]mP-IvSns\ {_m³Uv sNbvX {]Imiv Ipdp-¸n-sâ, (sFUânän AUzÀss«-knwKv) hm ¡p-I-fn CXmWv B̬ cmP-Kncn t{]mankv sN¿p-¶-Xv. B̬ amÄ: aÄ«n-¹-Ivkv, tIm^n tjm¸pIÄ, ^pUv tImÀ«v, kv]m tkm¬, sse^v ssÌ tÌmgvkv, ssl¸À amÀ¡-ävkv, sKbvan-wKv tkm¬. B̬ ta¯À I¼\n: dnb FtÌ-äv cwK¯v Zi-I-§-fpsS {]hÀ¯\]cn-N-b-apÅ kndmPv ta¯dpsSbpw dm^n ta¯-dpsSbpw kmc-Yy-¯n Cu cwKs¯ s{]m^-j-W-ep-IÄ \bn-¡p¶ Øm]-\w. BÀ¡n-sSIvävkv: tXmakv Atkm-kn-tbävkv, _wK-eqcp: _wKeqcnse {]i-kvX-amb bp_n-kn-än, tlm«Â eoem -]m-ekv, _wK-eqcnse-bpw, sNss¶bnsebpw XmPv tlm-«-epIÄ, {]i-kvX-amb sFSn ]mÀ¡p-IÄ F¶nh Unssk³ sNbvX \m¸-Xntesd hÀjs¯ ]mc-¼-cy-apÅ in¸n-IÄ. Imw]kv tImÀ«v A¸mÀ«vsaâp-IÄ: ¢_v lukv, C³tUmÀ sK-bnw-kv, ]qÄ tS_nÄ, aÄ«n Pnw, tbmK Gcn-b, Ìow Bâ vkuW, tam¡vsS-bn Iu≠À, tlmw Xnb-äÀ, t¹ Gcn-b, sSdkv KmÀU³, dq^vtSm¸v ]mÀ«n Gcnb, slen-]m-Uv, ^ÀWnjvUv KÌv dqw, sdbn³ hm«À lmÀh-Ìnw-Kv, sslkv]oUv Gen-thä-dp-IÄ, aÄ«n tÌmdoUv ImÀ ]mÀ¡nw-Kv XpS-§nb kuI-cy-§tfmSp-Iq-Sn-b-Xv.

31


dnb FtÌäv

"tIcfw sslZ-cm-_m-Zns\ amXr-I-bm-¡Ww' 1965ap-X I¬-kv-{S-£³ ta-J-e-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-¶ H-cpIq-«w [nj-Wm-im-enIfpsS Iq«m-bva-bn 1992  cq]w-sIm≠ Øm]-\-amWv BÀUnF-kv t{]mP-Îv enan-äUv-. dnb F-kv-tä-äv _n-kn-\-kn-s\ Iq-SmsX C³-U-kv-{Sn-b _nÂ-UnwKvv, tdm-Up-IÄ, sslth, A-W-s¡-«p-IÄ, ]m-e-§Ä, lu-kn-wKv, tImw-¹Iv-kv, sP-«n-IÄ XpS-§n-b-h-bpsS \nÀ½m-W cw-K ¯pw \n-d-km-¶n-[y-amWv BÀUn-Fkv. dnb F tÌäv cwKs¯ \ne-hnse {]iv\-§sf¡pdn¨pw tIc-f¯nsâ hnI-k\ km[y-X-Isf Ipdn¨pw BÀUn-Fkv do-PW sl-Uv tPm¬ a-W-hm-f³ F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv kwkmcn¡p¶p tSmWn hnÃyw

Un Fkv t{]mP-IvSns\ aäp _nÂUÀam-cn \n¶v hyXy-kvX-am¡p-¶ LS-I-§sfs´Ãmw? BÀ-UnF-kv a-äp-Å-h-cn \n¶pw Xn-I¨pw hy-Xy-kv-Xam-b Im-gv-¨¸m-tSmsS-bm-Wv {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶-Xv. R§Ä dnb FtÌ-äv ta-Je-sb Iq-SmsX ASnØm\ kuIcy hnI-k-\w, C³-U-kv-{Snb _nÂ-Un-wKv, tdm-Up-IÄ, ssl-th,

32

A-W-s¡-«p-IÄ, ]m-e-§Ä, lu-knwKv tImw-¹-Iv-kpIÄ, sP-«n-IÄ F-¶n-hbpsS \nÀ½m-W-hpw a-ssd³ tPm-en-I-fpsaÃmw hf-sc Ir-Xy-\n-jvT-tbm-sSbpw \ ho-\-amb coXn-bnepam-Wv sN-¿p-¶-Xv. dnb FtÌäv cwK¯v Gsä-Sp¯ FÃm ]²-Xn-Ifpw ka-b-_-Ôn-X-ambn ]qÀ¯oI-cn-¡m³ R§Ä¡v km[n-¨n-«p≠v. R§-fpsS Unssk-\p-IÄ D]-t`m-àm¡-fpsS Bh-iy-§Ä¡p ap³K-W\ \Â-In-bmWv X¿m-dm-¡p-¶-Xv. 1992apXÂ

tIc-f¯n\p thWw shÀ«n¡Â t{Km¯v FaÀPnMv tIcf t]mepÅ \nt£-]I kwK-a-§Ä

\nb-a-§-fpsS ImTn-\y-w DtZym-K-Ø-cpsS `mK¯p \n¶pÅ Nnä½ \-bw Øe-]-cn-anXn

\nt£-]-IÀ, cmjv{So-b¡mÀ DtZym-K-Ø-À F¶n-hÀ {Inbm-ß-I-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡Ww

H-cp e-£-¯n\v 30,000 cq]-sb¶ \ne-bnepÅ SmIvkv

\nÝnX ka-b-¯n-\p-Ån ]²-Xn-IÄ {]mhÀ¯n-Iam-¡pI

]pXnb kml-N-cy-§Ä¡\p-k-cn¨v \nb-{´-W-§fn Ab-hn-Ãmbva

Cu- cwK-¯v anI-hv ]p-eÀ-¯p¶h-cmWv BÀUnFkv, F¶m aäp _nÂUÀamcpsS _lp-hn[ ]c-ky-§Ä-t]mse \n §Ä¡v BÀUn-F-knsâ ]c-ky-§Ä ImWm³ Ign-sª-¶p-hcn-Ã. kwXr-]vXcmb D]-t`m-àm-¡-fn- \n-¶v a-äp-Å-h-cnte-¡v BÀUn-F-kns\ Ipdn¨v F-¯p-¶ hm-¡p-I-fmWv R§-fpsS Gähpw henb ]c-kyw. dnb FtÌäv cwKw t\cn-Sp¶ \n e-hnse shÃp-hn-fn-Isf F§s\ t\m¡n-¡m-Wp¶p? tI-c-f-¯n- amµyt¯-¡mfpap]cn \nb-a-§-fpsS ImTn-\y-am-Wv dn-b FtÌäv taJ-e-sb XfÀ¯p¶Xv. ISp¯ Øe-]-cn-an-Xnbpw tI-c-f-¯n-ep-≠v, {]-tXy-In-¨v sIm-¨n t]m-sem-cp sa-t{Sm \K-c¯nÂ. C-Xn-s\Ãm-ap]cn H-cp ^v-fm-äv hm-§p-¶ D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v H-cp e-£¯n\v 30,000 cq]-sb¶ \ne-bn \nIp-Xnbn\-¯n Xs¶ Kh¬saân-\p \Â-tI-≠n h-cp¶p. sNdnb Gcn-b-I-fn _nÂUnwKv \n À½n-¡p-t¼mÄ _Ô-s¸« hIp¸p DtZymK-Ø-cp-sS \nÀtZ-i {]-Imcw R-§Ä `q-an hn-«p \Â-Im-dp≠v. ]t£, DtZym-KØ-cpsS `mK¯p\n¶pÅ Nnä½ \-bw ]-e-t¸mgpw _nÂUÀamÀ¡v hn-e-§p-X-Snbm-Im-dp≠v. P\-§Ä¡p Xma-kn-¡m-\p Å ^vfmäp-I-fmWv R§Ä \nÀ½n-¡p¶Xv. AXn-\m Xs¶ kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ `mK-¯p \n¶pw R-§Ä-¡v k-lm-b-amWv th-≠-Xv. ]pXnb kml-N-cy-§Ä¡\p-k-cn¨v Kh¬saâ v \nb-{´-W-§-fn Cfhpw \nb-a-§-fn Abhpw h-cpt¯≠-Xv A-Xym-h-iy-amWv. Hcp t{]m-P-În-sâ ]qÀ-¯o-I-c-W-¯n- t\-cn-Sp-¶ {]iv\§Ä? H-cp t{]m-P-În-sâ XpS¡wap-X X-s¶ shÃp-hn-fn-I-fm-Wp-ÅXv. t{]mPIvSnsâ `mK-ambn Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯v t]mbm 150 Un¸mÀ«p-saâp-Isf¦nepw I-b-dn-bn-dt§≠ Ah-Ø-bmWv. F-{Xam{Xw _nÂUÀamsc I-ã-s¸-Sp¯mw F¶Xn aÕcn-¡p-I-bm-Wv DtZym-KØÀ F¶v tXm¶nt¸mIpw. \S-]-Sn-Ifpw A\p-a-Xn-Ifpw sshIn-¸n-¡p-¶Xp aq-ew sI«n-S \nÀam-W km-a-{Kn-I-fp-sSbpw Ø-e-¯n-sâbpw hne IpXn-¨p-b-cp-I-bpw {]-Xo-£n-¡p-¶ _-P-än-\-¸p-dw Im-cy-§Ä F-¯n-t¨-cp-Ibpw sN-¿p¶p. tIc-f-¯n\v th≠Xv shÀ«n-¡Â t{Km¯v BsW¶ hmZs¯ Ipdn¨v? tIc-f¯n\p shÀ«n¡Â t{Km¯v thW-sa¶v Xs¶-bmWv R§fpw

hmZn-¡p-¶-Xv. F¶m AXv em-`-ap≠m¡m-\msW¶v Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-h-cpap≠v. \½psS kwØm\w sslZ-cm-_m-Zns\ amXr-I-bm-¡-W-sa-¶m-Wv R-§Ä-¡v ]-dbm-\p-ÅXv. AhnsS C¶p F^v F BÀ (^vtfmÀ Gcnb tdtjym) CÃ. Xs¶-bpaà \b§Ä Iptd-¡qSn DZm-c-hpamWv. \ap¡v D¸m-Zn-¸n-¡m³ ]äp¶ H¶Ã `qan. tIc-f-¯n Xs¶-bÃ, FÃm-bnS¯pw `qan-bpsS e`yX ]cn-an-X-amWv. `qan AXnsâ apgp-h³ tijn-bnepw D]tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯Ww F¶ A`n-{]mb-am-Wv BÀ-Un-F-kn-\pÅXv. ]ns¶ ] cn-Øn-Xn¡p tZmj-I-c-amWv hnI-k\w F¶ hmZw icn-bm-sW-¦n C-t¸mÄ Ata-cn-¡bpw bqtdm-]y³ cmPy-§fpw B tZmjw A\p-`-hn-t¡-≠XmWv. Zp_mbn-bn _pÀPv Jeo^ F¶ Iqä³ sI«nSw ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯n-bXv ASp¯ Ime-¯mWv F¶p ad-¡-cp-Xv. F¶m hnI-knX cmPy-§-fpsS amen\y \n t£] tI{µ-§-fmbn Ahn-I-knX cmPy§Ä H-cn-¡epw amdpI-bp-a-cpXv. {Kq¸nsâ kmaq-lnI D¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz-s¯¡p-dn¨v? s{I-Um-bv Iv-fo³- kn-än (sIm¨n) F-¶ ]-²-Xn-bp-sS Xp-S-¡-¯n-\v t\XrXzw \Â-Inb-Xv Rm-\m-Wv. AXv hn-P-b-I-c-am-bn \-S-¸n-em-¡m³- ]än-b ]-²-Xn-bm-sW-¶v ap-Jy-a-{´nX-s¶ km-£y-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cp¶p. ]cn-Øn-Xn¡v tZm-j-I-c-aÃm-¯ co-Xn-bn hf-sc ^-e-h-¯m-bn am-en\yw kw-kv-I-cn-¡m³ R-§Ä {ian-¡m-dp-≠v. BÀ-F-Un-Fknsâ FÃm ^vfmäp-I-fnepw anI-hpä amen\y kwkvI-c-Whpw B amen\yw kwkvI-cn¨p hf-am¡n hnX-cWw sN-¿phm\pw kwhn-[m-\-§fpap≠vv. 300 ^vfmäv kap-¨-b-§-fn \n¶mbn \mev tImSntbmfw cq-]- \n-Ip-Xn-bn-\-¯n BÀUnFkv K-h¬-saân-\v \Â-Ip-¶p≠v. tIc-f¯nsâ hyh-kmb A\p-Iqe Imem-h-Øsb Ipdn¨v? henb hyh-km-b-§Ä¡v A\ptbmPyamb kwØm-\-amWv tIcfw F¶p Icp-Xp-¶n-Ã. tIc-f-¯nsâ Icp¯v sFSn, hnZym-`ymkw, hnZy-`ymk A\p-_Ô taJ-e-IÄ, BbpÀthZw, Sqdn-kw, XpS-§n-b-h-bnemWv. Cu taJ-e-I-fn {i² tI{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶Xm-bn-cn¡pw tIc-f-¯n\v KpWw sN¿pI. s]mXpþkz-Imcy ]¦m-fn-¯-¯n ]²-Xn-IÄ \S-¸m-¡p-t¼mÄ {]iv\-§Ä CÃmsX \S-¸n hcp-¯m³ kÀ¡m-cn\v km[n-¡Ww.


C³Ukv{Sn

AhK W \I Ä¡nS bn I©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b Gcnb

kpPojv sI Fkv

tI c-f-¯n-sâ hy-hkm-b hnI-k\-¯n \nÀWm-bI kzm[o\w sNep-

¯p¶ taJ-e-bmWv I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³U-kv-{Sn-b G-cn-b. ChnsS 40 i-X-am-\ hpw I¿S-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv C-cp-¼p-cp-¡v, Ìo \nÀ-am-W- hy-h-km-b-§fmWv. kwkvYm\¯n\v Bhiyamb Ìoensâ 90 iXam\hpw D¸mZn¸n¡p-¶-Xv C-hnsSbmWv. HmÄ-Uv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b Gcn-b, \yq C³-U-kv-{Sn-b G-cnb, ssh-kv ]m À-¡v, In³-{^, sS-Iv-k-sv- sä ]mÀ-¡v XpS-§n-b ta-J-e-I-fn-embn 1400 G-¡dn ØnXn-sN¿p¶ I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv{Sn-b G-cn-b-bn C´y³ sS-e-t^m¬ C³-U-kv-{So-kv, C³-kv{Sp-sa-tâ-j³ en-an-äUv, ^v-fq-bn-Uv I¬-t{SmÄ dn-kÀ-¨v C³-kv-än-äyq-«v, ImÀ-s_md-≠w CâÀ-\m-jWÂ, ]n-]nF-kv Ìo (tIc-f) ss{]häv en-anäUv Xp-S§n-b {]-ikvX Øm-]-\§Ä {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p. tI-{µþkwØm-\ kÀ-¡m-cpIÄ¡v \n-Ip-Xn-bn-\-¯n hen-sbm-cp Xp-I hÀjw-tXmdpw \ÂInh-cp¶ I-©n-t¡m-Sv h-y-hkm-b ta-J-e ]-Ým-¯-e ku-I-cy-¯n-sâ Ipdhv, hnZ-Kv-[cmb sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS A-`mhw, DbÀ¶ ssh-Zyp-Xn\n-c-¡v XpS-§nb \n c-h[n {]Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ¡v \Sp-hn-emWv. I©n-t¡mSv hyh-kmb taJ-e- t\cn-Sp¶ {]-iv-\-§-sf¡p-dn¨v F-aÀ-PnMvv tI-c-f \-S-¯nb At\z-jWw

I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b Gcn-b 1987 em-Wv Un-kv-{Sn-Îv C³-U-kv-{So-kv skâ-dn-sâ Io-gn I-©n-t¡m-Sv hy-hkmb taJe {]-hÀ¯-\w Bcw-`n¡p¶-Xv. Xp-S-¡-¯n 50 bq-Wn-äp-IÄ am-{X-ap-≠mbn-cp-¶ hyh-kmb taJ-e-bn Im \q-äm-≠v ]n-¶nSpt¼mÄ 500Hm-fw bq-Wnäp-I-fpw H-cp e-£-¯n-e-[n-Iw sXm-gn-emfn-I-fp-amWp-ÅXv. I-gn-ª km-¼¯n-I hÀ-jw 2329 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS hn-äphc-hv t\Snb I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b Gcn-b kwØm-\ kÀ-¡m-cn\vv 75 tIm-Snbpw tI-{µ kÀ-¡m-cn-\v 16.8 tIm-Sn cq] bpw \n-Ip-Xn-bn-\-¯n \ÂIn.

A-SnØm-\ ku-IcyanÃmbva I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b G-cn-bbp-sS timN-\o-b-amb A-SnØm-\ kuIcy§Ä¡v ]p-Xp-tÈ-cn ]-©m-b-¯n-sâ A-h-K-W-\-bm-Wv {][m-\ ImcWambn hyh-km-bn-IÄ Nq≠n-¡m-Wn-¡p¶Xv.

G-{_lmw tPm-kv,

sI k-Po-hvIp-amÀ,

I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv- FwUn, kmÀ-¡v {So-kv t^m-dw P-\-d ssl sS-Iv sk-{I«dn tI-_nÄ

Investigation

C³U-kv{Sn-b FtÌ-äp-IÄ¡v kw`-hn-¡p-¶-sX´v? Part-4

sS {]Xn-Zn\w Hcp e£w cq-]-bn-e[n-Iw \-ã-amWv sSIvssÌ taJe {]Xo£n¡p¶Xv. em`¯n {] hÀ¯n¡p¶ ae_mÀ kn-aâ vkn\vv {] Xnamkw 50 e£w cq]bpsS A[nI_m[y-X-bm-Wv C-tXm-sS h-cp-¶-Xv. ¥mkv \n ÀamW¯n\mh-iy-amb knen¡bpw aäv AkwkvIrX hkvXp¡fpw \nÀan¡p¶ skbnâ v sKms_bv-\v {]-Xn-amkw 35 e£w cq]bpsS-bpw, {]otIm«v sado Unb³ sSIvkvssäen\v 30e£w cq-]-bpsSbpw A[nI sNehmWv sshZypXn \n c¡v hÀ[\ D≠­m-¡n-b-Xv. hyhkmb bqWnäpIÄ t\cn-Sp¶ cq£-amb Cu {]-Xnk-Ôn kwØm\¯nsâ k¼-Zvhy-h-Ø-bv¡v h³ {]Xym-LmX-ap-≠m¡p-sa-¶v kmÀ-¡v ssl sS-Iv tI-_nÄ am-t\-Pn-wKv U-b-d-ÎÀ- sI k-Po-hvIp-amÀ ]dbp-¶p. 2001-þ06se bpUnF^v `cW¯nemWv hyhkmbtaJe Gähpa[nIw {]XnkÔn t\ cn«sX¶mWv dnt¸mÀ«p-IÄ Nq­≠n-¡m«p-¶-Xv. A¶v hepXpw sNdpXpamb Ccp¶qtdmfw hyhkmb kvYm]\§Ä AS¨p]q-«n. GI-tZiw 12,000 t]À¡v sXmgn \-ã-am-Ip-Ibpw \n ch[nt]À Bß-l-Xy sN-¿p-I-bpap≠mbn. 2006 h¶ FÂUnF^v kÀ¡mcmWv I©nt¡ms« hyhkmbkvYm]\§sf ]p\cpÖo hn¸n¨-Xv.

`qan-bpsS e`y-X-¡p-dhv hy-hkm-b ta-J-e-bn `q-an-bp-sS e`y-X hf-sc Ip-d-hm-Wv. G-I-tZ-iw 296e-[n-Iw hy-h-km-bn-IÄ C-hn-sS hyh-km-bw Xp-S-§m³ Ø-e¯n\mbn Im¯n-cn-¡p-¶p. ap¼v B-hiy-s¸-Sp-¶-Xn-\\p-k-cn-¨v kY-ew \Â-In-bn-cp-s¶-¦nepw K-h¬-saâ v ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bn sIm-≠p h-¶n«p-Å am-\-Z-Þ-§-fm-Wv Ct¸m-gs¯ ØnXn-hn-ti-j-¯n-\v Im-cWw. H-cp hyh-km-bn-¡v hy-h-km-b-¯n-\m-h-iyam-b tbm-Pn¨ Ø-ew e-`y-am-bn h-cp¶-Xv hsc Im-¯n-cn-¡Ww. am-{X-aÃ, hy-àamb ZoÀ-L ho-£-W-¯n-sâ A-Sn-Øm\-¯n-eà hy-h-km-bw Xp-S-§p¶-Xn-\v Ø-ew \Â-Ip-¶Xpw. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v A-´-co-£ a-en-\o-Ic-Ww D-≠m-¡p¶ C-cp-¼p-cp-¡v ^m-Î-dn-IÄ {]-hÀ-¯n¡p-¶ Ø-e-¯n-\-Sp-¯m-Wv ^p-Uv s{]mk-Ên-Mv bq-Wn-äp-IÄ Xp-S-§p-¶-Xn-\v Ø-ew A-\p-h-Zn-¡p¶Xv. ssh-Z-Kv-Zyw t\Snb sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw sl¸Àam-cpsSbpw A-`m-hw D¸m-Z\-s¯ _m[n¡p-¶p. sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fn ap-¡mÂ`-mK-t¯mfw A-\y-kw-Øm\§fn \n ¶p-f-f-h-cmWv. C-h-cn ]-e-cpw sXm-gn ]-cn-N-b-anÃm-¯-h-cm-bXn-\m ap-X-emfn-amÀ X-s¶ ap³-ssI-sb-Sp-¯v amk§tfmfw ]-cn-ioe-\w \Â-tI-≠ ØnXnbmWp-Å-Xv.

sa-¨-s¸-« K-Xm-K-X ku-I-cyw, sh-Åw, am-en-\y \nÀ-amÀÖ-\ kw-hn-[m\w F¶nh-sbm¶pw hyh-kmb taJ-e-bn ]-©mb-¯v A-[n-Ir-XÀ X-c-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn«nÃ. {]iv\-§Ä Nq-≠n-¡m-«n \n-ch-[n XhW ]-©m-b-¯n-s\bpw tI-c-f kÀ¡mcn-s\bpw k-ao]n-s¨-¦nepw Hcp \-S]-Snbpw D-≠m-bnÃ. hy-hkm-b ta-J-e-bnse ap-¸-tXm-fw bq-Wn-äp-IÄ am-{X-am-Wv {][m\ tdm-U-cn-In {]-h-À¯n-¡p-¶-Xv, _m-¡n-bp-Åh DÄ{]-tZ-i-§-fn-em-Wv. Cu bq-Wn-äp-I-fn-te-¡p-Å C-S-tdm-Up-IÄ Sm-À sNbvXn-«v Hcp Zim-_vZ-¯n-te-sdbmbn. Sm-dnsâtbm sa-ä-ensâtbm A-h-in-ã§Ä t]mepw Cu tdm-Up-I-fnen-Ã. H«pw K-Xm-KX tbm-Ky-aÃm-¯ tdmUp-I-fn-eqsS tem-Uv I-b-än-t¸m-Im³ ss{U-hÀ-amÀ ]-et¸mgpw X-¿m-dm-Im-¯ A-h-Ø-bmWv \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶-sX¶v I-©n-t¡m-Sv C³-U-kv-{So-kv t^m-dw P-\-d sk-{I«dn G{_lmw tPm-kv ]-d-bp-¶p. Iq-Sm-sX, hy-h-km-b-¯n-\m-h-iyam-b sh-Å-sa¯p¶-Xv A-]qÀ-Æw Ø-e-§-fn am-{Xam-Wv. am-en-\y \nÀ-½mÀÖ-\w ]-e bq-Wnäp-Ifpw C-t¸mÄ kz-´-am-bn-¯-s¶-bmWv sN-¿p¶-Xv. hy-hkm-b ta-J-e-bn-se sXm-gn-em-fn-Itfm ap-X-em-fnamtcm thm-«v _m-¦n s]-Sm-¯-Xm-Wv Cu A-h-K-W\-bv-s¡Ãmw Im-c-W-sa¶pw G-{_lmw tPm-kv ]-d-bp-¶p.

Ccp-«-Sn-bmbn D-bÀ¶ sshZyp-Xn \nc-¡v ssh-Zyp-Xn \nc-¡v Ip¯-s\ D-bÀ¯nb-Xv I-©n-t¡m-Sv hy-hkm-b ta-Jesb h³ {]XnkÔn-bn-em-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. C-tXmsS D¸mZ\w Ipdbv¡m³ kvYm]\§Ä \nÀ_Ôn-X-am-bncn-¡p¶p. ssh-Zyp-Xn \nc-¡v hÀ-[\ \ne-hn I\¯ C-cp-«-Sn-bm-bn-cn-¡p¶Xvv C-hnSps¯ sSIvkvssä ta-J-e-bv¡mWv. \n c¡phÀ[\ {]m_-ey-¯n h¶tXm-

33


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IGCAR/ BARC BHEL Balmer Lawrie HAL DRDO BDL

HMT Sn ]n {]im-´v, {ioIm´v cho-{µ³

] ≠v P¸m³ k-µÀ-i-n-¨ Hcn´y¡mc³ A-hn-Sp-s¯ H-cp {]ap-J tjm¸n I-b-dn hm-¨p-IÄ Xn-c-bp-¶-Xn-\n-sS I-S-bp-S-a I-Ì-aÀ C´ym-¡m-c-\m-sW-¶v

Xn-cn-¨-dn-ªXpw tNmZn-¨p, \n-§-sf-´n-\v Cu hm-¨p-IÄ hm-§Ww? \m-«n F-¨vFwSn-bn-tÃ? tNmZyw tI«v C´y-¡m-c³ AÛp-X-s¸-«p-t]m-sb¶v Imew tcJ-s¸-Sp-¯n. N-cn-{Xhpw k-a-bhpw B-cp-sSbpw A-[o-\-X-bn-esÃ-¶v sXfn-bn-¡p-¶ Cu kw`hw F-¨-vF-w-Sn-bp-sS Kp-W-ta·bpw {]-Xm-]hpw I-≠dnª tem-I-¯n-sâ {]-Xn-I-c-W-amWv. F-¶m Im-e-¯n-sâ ap-t¶m«p-t]m¡n A-kw-kv-Ir-X-h-kv-Xp-¡-fpsS hn-e-¡-b-ähpw {]-hÀ-¯-\ aqe-[-\-¯nsâ A-]-cym-]v-X-X-bpwaq-ew F-¨v-Fw-Sn In-X-¨p-Xp-S§n. Cu In-X-¸nÂ\n¶pw Ip-Xn-¸n-te-bv-¡p-Å CÔ-\w tX-Sn-bp-Å bm-{X-bn-em-Wv B-e¸p-g kz-tZ-inbm-b sa-¡m-\n-¡Â F-³Pn\obÀ Fw Un {io-Ip-amÀ, F¨v-FwSn sajo³ SqÄ-kv enan-ä-Unsâ am-t\-Pn-wKv U-b-d-ÎÀ ]-Z-hn-bn-te-s¡¯nbXv. 2020\p Ån I¼\nbpsS hnäphchv 1000 tImSn-bm-¡n D-bÀ¯n-s¡m-≠v F-¨vFw-SnbpsS {]u-V-Kw-`o-c-am-b t]mb-Im-e-¯n-sâ B \Ã- k-a-b-kqNn-I ho-s≠-Sp¡m-\p-Å {i-a-§-fm-Wv A-t±-l-¯n-sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n \-S¶p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p¶-Xv. A-`n-ap-J-¯n-eq-sS...

Fw Un {io-Ip-amÀ amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ, F¨vFwSn sajo³ SqÄkv enan-äUv

F-¨vFwSn ]p-\-cpÖo-h-\ ]m-t¡-Pn F-s´m-s¡ \nÀ-tZi§-fm-Wv A-S-§nbn-«p-ÅXv? A-Xn-sâ C-t¸mg-s¯ ØnXn? F-¨vFwSn sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn-\v th≠n \n--ehn H-cp sd-Kp-eÀ ]m-t¡-Pn\v tI{µ-kÀ-¡mÀ A-\pa-Xn \Â-In-bn-«p≠v. A-X-n {]-[m-\-ambpw {]-Xn-]m-Zn-¨n-cn¡p¶-Xv aqe-[-\ \n-t£-]-s¯-¡p-dn¨mWv. F-¶m- C-t¸m-Ä F-¨vFwSnbv¡v th-≠-Xv {]-hÀ-¯-\ aq-e-[-\-amWv. Cu amkw 20 tImSn cq] e`n¨m ASp¯amkw 40 tImSntbmfw cq]bpsS D¸mZ\w \S¯m³ I¼\n¡pIgnbpw. C-t¸mÄ X-s¶ I-¼-\n-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v A-\p-Iq-e-am-Ip-¶ hn-[-¯n Cu km¼-¯n-I-hÀjw 260 tIm-Sn cq]-bpsS HmÀ-UÀ \n-e-hn-ep-≠v. C-Xn\-Iw Xs¶ 80 tIm-Sn-bp-sS HmÀ-U-dp-IÄ ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn¨v \Â-In¡gnªp. C-\n 300 tIm-Sn-bpsS HmÀ-UÀ e-`n-¡m\n-cn-¡p-¶p≠v. ]-t£, e-`n-¨ Cu HmÀ-U-dp-IÄ F-{Xbpw thKw ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn-¨v F§-s\ em-`-I-c-am¡mw F-¶-Xm-Wv R-§Ä A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¡p-¶ {][m-\ shÃp-hnfn. an-¡-hmdpw F-¨vFw-Sn-bv¡v Cu HmÀU-dp-IÄ e-`n-¡p¶-Xv K-h¬-saâ v sS-≠dp-IÄ ap-tJ-\-bmWv. AXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶ a-äv hy-h-km-b-§Ä¡v ]-Ww ap³-Iq-dm-bn e-`n-¡p-¶Xp-t]m-se R-§Ä¡v ]-Ww e-`n-¡p¶nÃ. Cu km-l-N-cy¯n e-`yam-b HmÀ-U-dp-IÄ Im-e-Xmakw Iq-SmsX ]qÀ-¯o-I-cn-¨v sIm-Sp-¡m\p-Å D-Zy-a-¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bn _m¦v tem-Wp-I-sfbpw aäpw B-{i-bn-t¡-≠Øn-Xn-bm-Wv kwPm-X-am-bn-«p-Å-Xv. C¯cw ssh-X-c-Wn-Isf a-dn-I-S-¡m³ R-§Ä {]-[m-\- ]-cnK-W-\ \Â-Ip¶Xv {]-hÀ-¯-\ aq-e[-\w k-am-l-cn-¡p-

34

¶-Xn-\mWv. A-Xn-\p-Å \-S-]-Sn-I-fm-Wv C-t¸mÄ Xp-S-cp-¶Xv. I¼-\n \-jv-S-¯n-te-bv-¡v \o-§m³ ImcWw? sa-jo³ SqÄ-kv sk-ÎÀ F-¶v ]-d-bp¶-Xv em-`w sIm-¿m³ ]-äp¶ H-cp taJebÃ. ]-Ww ap³-Iq-dm-bn hm-§n¡pI, DÂ-]-¶-§Ä D-≠m-¡ns¡m-Sp¡p-I, ]-Ww sIm-Sp-t¡-≠-hÀ-¡v ]n-¶o-Sv \ÂIp-I F-¶ co-Xn-bm-Wv ]n´p-S-cp-¶sX-¦n Cu _n-kn\kv em-`-I-c-am-Ipw. F¶m F-¨vFw-Sn-bn kw-`-hn-¡p¶Xv A-§-s\bÃ. In-t«-≠n-S-¯p-\n-¶v A-Uzm³-kv Xp-I In-«p-¶nÃ. _m-¦n \n-¶v I-S-sa-Sp-¯v I¼-\n¡v AkwkvIrXhkvXp-¡Ä \ÂIp¶ sNdp-InS-þ-h³InS I¼-\n-IÄ AUzm³kv XpI ap³Iq-dmbn e`n-¡msX km[-\-§Ä \ ÂIp-¶n-Ã. AXn-\p-]p-dsa, C-d-¡p-a-XnsN-¿p-¶ DÂ-]-¶-¯n-\v seäÀ Hm-^v s{I-Unäv Hm-¸¬ sN-t¿-≠n h-cp-¶p≠v. C-¯-c-¯n-epÅ km-¼¯n-I {]-{InbIÄ \-S-¡p-¶Xp-sIm-≠mWv C-t¸mÄ \-ãw t\cn-tS-≠ ­ n-h-cp-¶Xv. sa-jo³ SqÄkv hyh-kmbw s]m-Xp-sh hen-b em`§-sfm¶pw D-≠m-¡p-¶ taJ-e-bÃ. sIm-¨n bq-Wn-än-se \n-e-hn-epÅ D-¸m-Z-\w,h-cp-am\w, h-fÀ-¨ F-¶n-hsb-¡p-dn-¨v hn-i-Z-am¡m-tam? 2011þ12 F-¨v-Fw-Sn sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn-\v Io-gn-ep-Å Bdv ^m-Î-dn-Ifn sdt¡mÀUv tS-tWm-h-tdmsS 37 iXam\w hcpam\ hfÀ¨ ssI-h-cn¨ I-f-a-ticnbm-bn-cp-¶p H-¶m-a-Xv. 64 tImSn e£yan«ncp¶ kvYm\¯v 64.4 tImSn cq]bpsS hnäphchmWv I¼\n- t\ SnbXv. 15 hÀj¯n\nSbnse Gähpw DbÀ¶ hcpam\w IqSnbm-WnXv.


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41.39

tIm-Sn

i-Zo-I-cn-¡mw. ssl-Z-cm-_m-Zv sa-t{Sm-sdbn-en-sâ \nÀ-½m-W-hp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-« kma-{Kn-IÄ kq-£n-¡m³ sslZ-cm-_mZv F-¨v-Fw-Sn-bp-sS ]-¡-ep-Å _w-K-eq-cphn-se 60 G¡À `qanbpw aq-¶phÀ-jt¯-bv-¡v ]m-«-¯n-\v \ÂIn-s¡m≠v sk-]v-äw-_À 10\v R-§Ä I-cmÀ H-¸n-«p. CXnÂ\n¶pw e-`n-¡p¶ ]m-«Xp-I F-¨vFw-Sn-bv-¡v th-≠ A-kw-kv-Ir-X-h-kvXp-¡Ä hm-§p-¶-Xn-\v D-]-tbm-Kn-¡pw. IqSmsX, {]Xn-tcm-[ a-{´m-e-b¯n-sâ Io-gn-ep-Å Hcp s]mXp-ta-Jem Øm]\-¯nsâ _w-K-eq-cp-hn-se s{]m-P-Iv-Sn-\v A-hn-sS-bp-Å R-§-fp-sS `q-an aq¶phÀj-t¯-¡v ]m«-¯n\v \Â-Im\pÅ NÀ¨-IÄ ]ptcm-K-an-¡p¶p. sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn-\v ]pd-sa a-äv ta-J-e-I-fn-te-bv¡v {]-hÀ-¯-\w hym-]n-¸n-¡p-I-sb-¶ e-£yt¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn- I¼-\n GI-tZiw 35 ]pXnb kwcw-`-§Ä¡v CXn-\-IwXs¶ {]mY-anI dnt¸mÀ«v X¿m-dm-¡n¡-gn-ªp. Hm-t«m-sam-_oÂ, Un-^³kv, F-bv-tdm-kv-t]-kv F¶o ta-J-eIÄ-¡mh-iyam-b ]e b{´-`m-K-§fpw \nÀ-½n¡m-\p-Å \-S-]-Sn-Ifpw ]p-tcm-K-an-¡pI-bmWv. {]Xn-tcm-[- a-{´m-e-b-¯n-sâ Io-gn-ep-Å `mc-Xv U-b-\m-an-Ivkv, Un^³-kv dn-kÀ-¨v Bâ v sU-h-e-¸v-saâ v HmÀ-K-ss\-tk-j³, `m-` B-täm-an-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v skâÀ, Cµn-cm-Km-Ôn skâÀ t^mÀ B-täm-an-Iv dn-kÀ-¨v F-¶n-h-bp-ambn k-l-I-cn¡m\pÅ NÀ¨-IÄ apt¶dp-¶p. B-W-h \n-e-b-§-fn-se am-\n-¸pte-äÀþsk³{Sn-^yq-Pv \nÀ-½m-W¯n R§Ä¡pÅ Imcy-{]m-]vXnbv¡v AwKo-Imcw e`n-¨p-I-gn-ªp. I-faticnbnepw kam\amb ]-²XnIÄ \S¸nem¡phm³ B{Kln¡p¶p≠v. I¼-\n-bpsS ]¡-epÅ If-a-ticn Imw]-kn Is≠bv\À

tImÀ¸tdj\pambn tbmPn¨pÅ temPn ÌnIv ]mÀ¡v, {]Xntcm[hIp¸pambpÅ kwbpà kwcw`w, _maÀ temdn, tIcf kvtääv C³{kvSnb FâÀss{] k-kv, ln-µp-Øm³ F-bvtdm-t\m-«n-Iv-kv en-an-äUv, `mcXv ssU\manIvkv enanäUv F¶nhcpam-bn tbm-Pn-¨v hy-h-km-b§Ä B-cw-`n-¡m-\p-Å ]-²-XnI-sf¸än NÀ¨Ifpw \S¶p-h-cn-IbmWv. a-Õ-c- I-t¼m-f-¯n F-¨-vFw-Sn ]-cm-P-b-s¸-Sm-\p≠m-b ImcWw? a-Õ-c -I-t¼m-f-¯n F-¨v-Fw-Sn H-cn-¡epw ]-cm-P-b-s¸-«n-«nÃ. D-]-t`m-àm¡-fn \n¶pw e-`n-¡p-¶ {]Xn-I-cWw A-Xv sh-fn-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶p. 1970 F-¨v-Fw-Sn H-cp Øm-]-\-¯n\v sIm-Sp-¯ sa-jo³ I-gn-ª-hÀ-jw sS-≠-dn-\v h-¨-t¸mÄ B I¼-\n-bpsS sXmgn-em-fn-IÄXs¶ F-XnÀ-¯n-cp¶p. A-tX Øm-]-\-¯n X-s¶ asämcp I¼-\n-bnÂ\n¶pw hm§nb 5 sa-jn-\pIÄ ]-¯p-hÀ-j-¯n-e-[n-I-am-bn {]-hÀ -¯-\cln-X-am-bn InS-¡p-¶-Xv ImWm³ km[n-¨p. At¸mÄ KpW-ta·bn R§Ä¡v F¶pw {]Ya Øm\-amWpÅ-Xv. KpWta·aqew temI¯mI am-\w F¨vFwSnbpsS bt{´mIcW§ Ä¡v henb Unamâm-Wv. ]t£, I-cmÀ {]Imcw b-{´-km-a-{Kn-IÄ b-Ym-ka-bw D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v \nÀ½n¨v \Â-Im³ I-gn-bm-sX h-cp-¶-Xm-Wv R-§fpsS {]-[m-\- {]-iv-\w. Cu {]-Xnk-Ôn a-dnI-S-¡Wsa-¦n {]-hÀ-¯-\-aq-e[-\w IqSn-tb-Xocq. F¨vFwSnbpsS ]p\ cp²mcW¯n\pÅ ]mt¡Pv tI{µ Im_n\äv IqSn AwKoIcn-¨m I-¼-\n¡Xv ]p¯\pWÀ-hv \ÂIpw. A-tXm-sS 1000 tIm-Sn hn-äp-hc-hv F-¶ e-£y-¯nte-¡p-Å bm-{Xbpw 2020\pÅn km[y-am-Ipw.

\S¸v km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j-¯n-sâ B-Zy-]-mZ¯nse hnäp-h-chv F-¶m \S¸v km-¼¯n-I hÀ-j-¯n-sâ B-Zy-]-mZ¯n 41.39 tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv I¼-\n-bpsS sam¯w hnäp-h-chv. CXv ap³hÀ-js¯ B-Zy-]-mZ-s¯ A-t]-£n¨v 30% A[nI h-fÀ-¨-bm-Wv. F-¨v-Fw-Sn sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn\v Cu km¼¯nIhÀj¯n henb t\«w ssIhcn¡m³ Ignbp¶ HmÀUdmWv e`n¨ncn¡p¶-Xv. C-t¸mÄ e-`n-¨n-«pÅ 250 tImSn cq]bpsS HmÀUÀ ]qÀ¯n bm¡m-\p≠v. kab_ÔnXambn CXv \S¸m¡m\mbm 1000 tImSn cq] bpsS {]hÀ¯\e£yw ssIhcn¡m³ F¨vFwSn¡v Ign-bpw. _wK-eqcp BØm-\-am-bpÅ F¨vFwSn sajo³ SqÄknsâ \mem-as¯ bqWn-ämb I-fa ticnbn {]Xntcm[w, sdbnÂth AS¡apÅ kÀ¡mÀ hIp¸pIÄ ¡pw {]apJ hml\\nÀ½mW I¼\nI Ä¡pw Bhiyamb b{´`mK§fm-Wv C-t¸mÄ \nÀ½n¡p-¶-Xv. sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn-sâ Unam³Un-s\-¡pdn¨v- hyà-am-¡mtam? D-bÀ-¶ Un-am³-Um-Wv sa-jo³ SqÄ-kv ta-J-e-bv-s¡-¦nepw \-½p-sS cm-Py-¯n-\p-th-≠ sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn-sâ aq¶n-sem-¶v D¸mZ-\w am-{X-ta C-´ybn \-S-¡p-¶pÅp. _m-¡n-bp-Å-h hn-tZ-i-¯p-\n-¶pw C-d-¡pa-Xn sN-¿p-¶ Øn-Xn-hn-ti-j-am-Wv \n-e-\nÂ-¡p-¶Xv. A-Xn-\v Im-c-W-am-bn C-d-¡p-a-Xn-¡mÀ Nq-≠n-¡m-«p-¶-Xv hn-tZi-s¯ DÂ-¸m-Z-\ sNehnepÅ Ip-d-hmWv. F-¶m C´ybn-tebpw hn-tZ-i-s¯bpw sa-jo³ SqÄ-kn-sâ \nÀ-½m-W-L-«-§Ä H¶n-t\msSm-¶v Xm-c-Xayw sN-¿p-¶-Xn-\v ]I-cw k-a-{K-am-b H-cp hn-i-I-e-\-am-Wv C-¡mcy-¯n th-≠Xv. A-§-s\-sb-¦n C-´y-bnepw Gähpw Ipd-ª\nc¡nÂ

sa-jo³ SqÄ-kv \nÀ-½n-¨v hnX-c-Ww-sN¿m³ km-[n-¡pw. s]³-j³-{]m-bw 60 B¡n- D-bÀ-¯-Wsa-¶Xn-t\m-Sv I¼-\n am-t\-Pv-saân-sâ \n-e-]m-Sv hy-à-am¡mtam? G-sXmcp I-¼-\n-bp-sSbpw {]-hÀ-¯\-an-I-hn-sâ kq-Nn-I AXnsâ hn-äp-h-chv/ sXm-gn-em-fn A-\p-]m-X-am-Wv. F-©n-\o b-dnw-Kv I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS Im-cy-sa-Sp-¯m H-cp sXm-gn-em-fn--¡v 15 e-£w cq-] hn-äp-hc-hm-Wv s]m-Xp-sh kzo-Im-cy-am-bn-«p-ÅXv. F-¨vFwSn-bp-sS Im-cy-¯n CXv 5þ6 e-£amWv. AXp-sIm-≠v B-h-iy-¯ne-[n-Iw sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ F-¨vFwSn-bn sXm-gn-se-Sp-¡p-¶p F-¶v A-\p-am-\n-¡m\m-hnÃ. Np-cp¡w hn-`m-K-§-fn sXm-gnem-fn-I-fp-sS _m-lp-ey-ap-Å-sXm-gn-¨m C-\nbpw Iq-Sp-X a-\p-jy-hn-`-h-ti-jn I-¼-\n--¡v B-h-iy-am-Wv. C-t¸mįs¶ kmt¦XnI sshZKv[yapÅ Poh\¡mcp sS A`mhw I¼\n t\cnSp-¶p-≠v. Iq-Sm sX, Un-ssk³, ^n-\m³kv, F-¨v BÀ hn-`mK§-fn sshZKv[yw t\SnbhÀ Ip d-hmWv. ap¼v kq-Nn-¸n¨ A-\p-]m-X-{]-Imc-am-Wv s]³-j³-{]m-bw 60Â\n-¶v 58 Bbn Ip-d-¨Xv. F-¶m-en-t¸mÄ I¼-\n h-fÀ¨-bp-sS ]m-X-bn-em-bXp-sIm-≠v ho≠pw s]³-j³-{]m-bw 60 B-¡-W-sa-¶ amt\-Pvsaânsâ ip-]mÀi kÀ¡m-cnsâ kPoh ]cn-K-W-\-bn-em-Wv. a-äv Øm-]-\-§-fp-am-bn ssI-tImÀ-¯v {]hÀ¯\w hn]p-eo-I-cn-¡m³ Dt±in¡p¶pt≠m? {]-hÀ-¯-\-aq-e[-\w k-am-l-cn-¡m-\pÅ C-t¸mgs¯ {i-a-¯n-sâ `m-K-ambn a-äv s]m-Xp-taJ-em Øm-]-\-§-fp-ambn ssI-tImÀ-¯v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡m-\mWv I¼-\n {i-an-¡p¶Xv. I-gn-ª aq-¶v am-k-¯n-\nsS-bp≠m-b Nn-e {i-a-§Ä hn-

35


Sqdnkw

]²Xn {]tZ-is¯ ]c-¼-cm-KX Ipe-s¯m-gn-ep-IÄ kwc£n-¡p-I {]mtZ-inI kwkvIm-c-¯n\pw D¸-¶-§Ä¡pw {]N-cWw \ÂIpI hnI-k\ {]{In-b-bn Xt±-i-hm-knI-fpsS ]¦m-fn¯w Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯pI

kmaqly hnI-k\w Dd-¸m¡n

Xg-¸mb s\¿p¶Xv ImWp¶ hntZi Sqdn-Ìp-IÄ

tImSn

Responsible

2012 _P-än sdkvt]m ¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw F¶ Bi-b-¯nsâ hnI-k-\-¯n-\mbn kÀ¡mÀ hIbncp¯n-b XpI

Sqdnkw

IpSpw-_-{iosdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnk¯nsâ {][m\ ]¦m-fn

BtKm-f-X-e-¯n Gsd NÀ¨ sN¿-s¸-Sp¶ sdkvt]m¬kn_nÄ Sqdnkw tIc-f-¯nepw kPo-h-am-Ip-¶p. kwØm-\¯n sâ ka{K hnI-k\w e£y-an«v {]Xn-hÀjw 14 tImSn cq]-bpsS {]hÀ¯-\-§fmWv s]mXp-, kzImcy ]¦m-fn-¯t¯msS Cu cwK¯v \S-¡p-¶Xv. 2012se tI cf _P-än sdkvt]m¬kn-_n Ä Sqdnkw F¶ Bi-b-¯nsâ hnI-k-\-¯n-\mbn 4 tImSn cq] kÀ¡mÀ hI-bncp¯n-bn-«p≠v e£van \mcm-bW³

""hntZ-in-IÄ tIc-f-¯n-se-¯p-¶Xv

]mÝmXy kwkvImcw IS-sa-Sp¯v \½Ä krjvSn¨ "sslsSIv' PohnXcoXnbpw Aw_-c-Npw-_n-I-fmb Iam\-§fpw ImWm\-Ã, adn¨v kwØm-\¯nsâ X\Xp kwkvIm-chpw {]IrXn kuµ-cyhpw Bkz-Zn-¡m-\mWv'' F¶ Xncn-¨-dn-hn-eq-sS-bmWv 2007  sdkvt]m ¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnk¯n\v tIc-f-¯nepw t{]mÕm-l\w \ÂI-W-sa¶ Xocp-am-\¯n-te¡v kÀ¡mÀ F¯n-bXv. ]²Xn {]tZ-is¯ ]c-¼-cm-KX Ipe-s¯m-gn-epIÄ kwc-£n-¡p-I, {]mtZ-inI kwkvImc-¯n\pw D¸-¶-§Ä¡pw {]N-cWw \ ÂIpI, AXn-eqsS hnI-k\ {]{In-bbn Xt±-i-hm-kn-I-fpsS ]¦m-fn¯w Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯pI F¶nhbmWv {]-[m\-ambpw sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw sIm≠pt±in-¡p-¶-Xv. CXn-eqsS km¼¯n-Ihpw kmaq-ly]-chp-ambn ]n ¶n \n¡p¶ DÄ\m-S³ kaq-ls¯ ap³\n-cbnte¡v sIm≠phcnIsb¶Xpw e£y-an-Sp-¶p. hntZ-in-Isf kw_-Ôn¨v "¢mkn¡Â {Smh-eÀ' F¶ A\p-`-hamWv kwØm-\s¯ sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw cwKw {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶-Xv. tIc-f¯n-se-¯p¶ hntZi Sqdn-ÌpIfn 62% t]À {]mtZ-inI kaq-l-¯nsâ PohnX coXn-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨-dn-bphm\pw 70% t] À Ah-cpsS hnI-k-\-¯n ]¦m-fn-I-fmIm\pw B-{K-ln-¡p-¶psh¶mWv Sqdnkw hIp-¸nsâ ]T-\-§Ä hyà-am-¡p¶Xv. {Kmao-W-P\-X-sbbpw ss\kÀKnI

36

taJ-e-I-fn hnZ-Kv[cmb {]mtZ-inI kaq-ls¯bpw ap³\nÀ¯n-bmWv tIc-f¯n sdkvt]m ¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw ]ptcm-K-an-¡p-¶-Xv. 2007  tIc-f-¯n Ipa-c-Iw, hb-\mSv, tImhfw, tX¡Sn XpS-§nb 4 Sqdnkw tI{µ-§sf am{Xw DÄs¸-Sp¯n Bcw`n¨ sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw ]²Xn ]n¶oSv hb-\m-«nse A¼-e-h-bÂ, ssh¯n-cn, Fd-Wm-Ip-fs¯ Ip¼f§n XpS-§n-bn-S-§-fnte¡pw hym]n-¸n-¨p. ASp¯ km¼-¯nI hÀj-t¯m-Sp-IqSn kwØm-\-¯m-I-am\w 20 tI{µ-§-fnte¡v sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw hym]n-¸n-¡m\mWv Sqdnkw hIp¸v ]²-Xn-bn-Sp-¶Xv. tIcf C³Ìnäyq«v Hm^v Sqdnkw ÌUo-kns\ (KITS) t\m U GP³kn-bm¡n CXn-\pÅ {] hÀ¯\w kÀ¡mÀ XpS-§n-¡-gn-ªp. IpSpw-_-{io-bmWv sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnk¯nsâ {][m\ ]¦m-fn. CXp IqSmsX ]²Xn \S-¸m-¡p¶ {]tZi§fnse F³PnHIÄ, dntkmÀ«p-IÄ, tlm«-ep-IÄ XpS-§n-bh-scbpw ]¦m-fnI-fm-¡pw. F§s\ {]mhÀ¯n-I-am¡mw? km¼-¯nI D¶-a-\w, Ønc-X-bmÀ¶ Pohn-X-\n-e-hmcw F¶nh Xt±-i-hm-knIÄ¡v e`y-am-¡p¶ coXn-bn- kmaqly {]Xn-_-²-X-bn-e-[n-jvTn-X-am-bmWv sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw Bhn-jvI-cn¨ncn¡p-¶Xv. ksÌ-bv\-_nÄ amt\-Pv saâ v, tkmtjym-þ-IĨ-d sdkvt]m ¬kn-_n-enän, C¡tWmanIv sdkv-t]m ¬kn-_n-enän, F³h-tbm¬saâ v sdkvt]m¬kn-_n-enän F¶n-§s\ 4 am\Z-WvU-§sf ASn-Øm-\-s¸-Sp-¯n-bmWv Sqdnkw tI{µ-§Ä¡pw A\p-_Ô tlm«Â-þ-dn-tkmÀ«p-IÄ¡pw sdkvt]m ¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw AwKo-Imcw e`n¡p-¶-Xv. {]IrXn kwc£-Ws¯ ap³\nÀ¯n Sqdnkw a{´m-e-b-¯nsâ A\p-hm-Z-t¯msS anI¨ ]²-Xn-IÄ Bkq-{XWw sN¿p-I, {]Ir-Xn-Z¯ D¸-¶§Ä t{]mÂkm-ln-¸n-¡p-I F¶n-h-bmWv ksÌbv\_nÄ amt\Pvsaâ v F¶XpsIm≠v Dt±-in-¡p-¶-Xv. A\p-aXn t\Snb ]²-Xn-I-fn {]m tZ-inI P\-hn-`m-K-¯nsâ kl-I-cWw Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯p-I, ]²-Xn-tbm-S-\p-_-Ôn¨ sXmgnepI-fn kv{Xoþ-]p-cpj kaXzw sIm≠phcn-I, {]mtZ-in-I- I-em-cq-]-§Ä, Ipe-s¯m-gn-ep-IÄ F¶nh t{]mÕm-ln¸n-¡pI XpS-§nbh tkmtjymþIĨd sdkvt]m¬kn-_n-en-än-bn s]

sI cqt]jv IpamÀ, kn A\nÂIpamÀ, sdkvt]m¬kn-_n Ä Sqdnkw tÌäv tImÀUn-t\-äÀ

Ipa-c-Iw, tIm¡-\«v eKq¬ P\-d amt\-PÀ

Sp¶p. {]mtZ-inIhn`m-K-¯nsâ km¼¯nI D¶-a\w e£yw h¨pÅ C¡tWm-anIv sdkvt]m¬kn-_n-enänbn {]mtZ-inI D¸-¶-§Ä DÄs¸-Sp-¯nbpÅ hnt\mZk©mc hn]-Wn, sNdpInS hymh-km-bnI D¶-a-\w, F¶nh DÄs¸-Sp-¶p.- -{]-IrXn kwc£-Ww, amen-\y-\nÀ½mÀÖ-\w, {]IrXn hn`-h§-fpsS icn-bmb hn\n-tbm-Kw, A´-co£-¯n- lcnX hmX-I-§-fpsS Afhv anX-s¸-Sp-¯pI XpS-§nb LS-I-§Ä¡v Du¶Â \ÂIp-¶-XmWv F³htbm¬saâ sdkvt]m¬kn-_n-en-än. ""kwØm-\-¯nsâ kzImcy taJe-bn- \n¶pw sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnk¯n\v hfsc \à {]Xn-I-c-W-amWv e`n-¡p-¶-Xv. H«-\-h[n dntkmÀ«p-I-fpw, tlm«-ep-Ifpw ]²-Xn-bn ]¦ptNcp-¶Xn-\mbn kÀ¡m-cns\ kao]n-¡p-¶p≠v. aäv Sqdnkw hnI-k\ ]²-Xn-Isf At]£n¨v kzImcy taJ-ebv¡pw kÀ¡mcn-\pw {]mtZ-inI P\ hn`m-K§Ä¡pw sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdn-k-¯n-eqsS {] tbm-P\w e`n-¡p¶p F¶-Xm-Wn-Xnsâ {][m\ Imc-Ww. AXnt\m-sSm¸w tIcf-¯n-sâ X\Xp sXmgn kwkvIm-c§fpw Iem-cq-]-§fpw ]cn-t]m-jn-¡-s¸Sp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p,'' tIcf kwØm\ sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw tImUn-t\äÀ sI cqt]jv IpamÀ FaÀPnMv tIc-ftbmSv ]d-ªp. sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw CXp-hsc {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨v 6 hÀj-¯n\p-Ån Xs¶ anI¨ {]Xn-IcWw kwØm\-¯p≠m¡m³ Cu ]²-Xn¡v Ign-ªp. Xt±-i-hm-kn-Isf DÄs¸-Sp¯n Gä-hp-a-[nIw ]²-Xn-IÄ Bhn-jvIcn-¨p-sIm≠v Ipa-cIw ]©m-b-¯mWv Cu hn`m-K-¯n ap¶n«p\n¡p-¶Xv. ImbÂbm{X-bv¡mbn Nn¡m-c-IÄ F¶dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ \mS³ hŧÄ, {]m

tZ-inI `£-W-im-e-IÄ, "kar²n' F¶ t]cn IpSpw-_{io D¸¶ hnX-c-Wim-e-IÄ, \mS³ Iem-cq-]-§sfbpw Iem-Im-c³am-scbpw t{]mÂkm-ln-¸n-¡p¶-Xn-\mbn ho«-½-am-cpsS Iem kwL-S\-IÄ XpS-§nbhsbÃmw sdkvt]m ¬kn-_nÄ Sqdn-k-¯nsâ `mK-ambn Ipac-I¯v \ne-hn h¶p-I-gn-ªp. X\Xp sXmgn taJ-e-I-fmb Irjn, Xg-¸mb s\¿Â, I¡-hm-cÂ, XpS-§nbh hntZ-in-IÄ¡mbn Ah-X-cn-¸n¨v AXn-eqsS hcp-am\ amÀKw Is≠¯pI, \mS³ sXmgn sN¿p-¶-h-cpsS t^m¬ \¼À klnXw Ub-d-IvSdn X¿m-dm¡n hnX-cWw sN¿pI XpS-§nb aät\Iw Imcy-§fpw Ipac-I¯v \S-¸n h¶p Ign-ªp. C¯cw kmaq-lnI {]Xn-_-²X-bmÀ¶ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡v Sqdn-Ìp-Isf BIÀjn-¡m³ km[n-¡p-sa-¶-Xn-\p-ff sXfn-hmWvv Cu {]tZ-i¯v {]Xn-hÀjw 4þ6% F¶ tXmXn D≠mIp¶ Sqdn-ÌpIfpsS F®-¯nse hÀ²-\-. ASp¯ aq¶v amk-§Ä¡p-Ån temIs¯ BZys¯ k¼qÀW sdkvt]m¬kn_nÄ Sq-dnkw tI{µ-ambn Ipa-c-Is¯ {]Jy-]n-¡p-¶-Xn-eqsS tIc-f-¯n-te¡pÅ hntZi Sqdn-Ìp-I-fpsS F®-¯n C\nbpw hÀ²-\-bp≠mIpsa¶v {]Xo£n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. s]mXp-þ-kz-Imcy taJ-e-I-fpsS ]¦m-fn-¯-t¯msS ]²-Xn-IÄ \S-¸n hcp-¯p-¶Xv sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdn-ks¯ IqSp-X P\-Io-b-am-¡pw. Ipa-c-Is¯ tIm¡-\«v eKq¬, hb\m-«nse ssh¯ncn XpS-§nb At\Iw dntkmÀ«p-IÄ sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnks¯ t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡p¶psh-¶Xpw {it²-b-am-Wv. ""tIc-f-¯n sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdnkw {]mhÀ¯n-I-am-b-tXm-sS Chn-sSsb-¯p¶ hntZ-in-I-fpsS F®-¯nepw hÀ²-\-hp≠mbn«p≠v. {]mtZ-inI IÀjIsc t{]mÂkm-ln-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\m bn Ah-cn \n¶pw ImÀjn-tIm¸-¶§Ä dntkmÀ«nsâ `£y ime-bn-te¡v hm§pI, \mS³ Ic-Iu-ie D¸-¶-§ sf-bpw Iem-cq-]-s¯bpw t{]mÕm-ln-¸n¡pI XpS-§nbh sdkvt]m¬kn-_nÄ Sqdn-k-¯nsâ `mK-ambn R§Ä sN¿p¶p. dntkmÀ«n-te-¡pw hntZ-in-IÄ¡pw Bh-iy-amb Ae-¦mc Ic-Iu-ie hkvXp-¡Ä C¯c-¯nepÅ {]mtZ-inI hn]-Wn-I-fn \n¶pamWv hm§p¶Xv,'' Ipa-c-Is¯ tIm¡-\«v eKq¬ dntkmÀ«nsâ P\-d amt\-PÀ kn A\n IpamÀ ]d-bp¶p.


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BbpÀth-Z-s¯ Sqdn-k-¯n {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn hnP-bn¨p

Sidhartha Deluxe

1979þ80

tkma-Xocw BbpÀthZ sl¯v dntkmÀ«v

tIc-f-¯-\n-a-bpsS {]XoIw BbpÀth-Zs¯ ^e-{]-Z-ambn D]tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯n dntkmÀ«p-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸« Sqdn-k-¯n\v ]pXnb am\w \ÂInb tkma-Xocw BbpÀthZ sl¯v dntkmÀ«v cmPym-XnÀ¯n-IÄ ]n¶n«v ]pXnb Db-c-§Ä Iog-S-¡p-Ibm-Wv. Sqdnkw cwKs¯ \nc-h[n A]qÀh _lp-a-Xn-IÄ t\Sn-bn-«p-ff tkma-Xocw ASp-¯p-Xs¶ Cä-en-bnepw {]hÀ¯\w Bcw-`n-¡m\pÅ X¿m-sdSp-¸n-em-Wv kpPojv sI Fkv

`m c-X-¯nsâ ss]Xr-I-amb BbpÀ th-Zs¯ Sq-dn-k-hp-am-bn Iq«n-t¨À¯v

dn-tkmÀ-«v kwkvIm-c-¯n\v ]pXnb am\w \ÂIn-bmWv tkma-Xocw BbpÀthZ sl¯v dntkmÀ«v A´m-cm-jv{S-X-e¯n {]i-kvXnbmÀÖn¨Xv. A-d-_n¡Sen-t\m-Sv tNÀ-¶v Xn-cp-h-\-´-]pc-s¯ tIm-h-f-¯n-\-Sp-¯v sNm-Æ-c-bn A-Xnhnim-eam-b A-t©-¡-dn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p¶ tkm-a-Xo-cw B-bpÀth-Z slÂ-¯v dntkmÀ-«v hn-tZ-iþB-`y-´-c Sq-dn-kv-äp-I-fpsS ]-dp-Zo-k-bmWv. B-bpÀ-thZs¯ im-kv-{Xo-b-am-bn ]-cn-]m-en-¨pt]mcp-¶ tkm-a-Xoc-s¯ a-äv slÂ-¯v dn-tkmÀ-«p-I-fn \n-¶v th-dn-«v \nÀ-¯p¶-Xv KpW-\n-e-hm-c-¯n hn«pho-gvNbv¡v Xbm-dm-Im¯ {]hÀ¯-\ssienbm-Wv. tIcf kÀ¡m-cnsâ anI¨ BbpÀthZ skâ-dn-\p-ff ]pc-kvImcw 10 Xh-W-bmWv tkma-Xocw BbpÀthZ sl¯v dntkmÀ«n\v e`n-¨-Xv. asämcp dntkmÀ«n\pw Ah-Im-i-s¸-Sm-\m-Im¯ A]qÀh-t\-«-am-Wn-Xv. tI{µ-kÀ¡m-cnÂ\n¶v c≠pXhW an-I-¨ B-bpÀth-Z slÂ-¯v dn-tkmÀ-«n -\pÅ tZio-b Sq-dn-Ìv A-hmÀUpw tkmaXo-cs¯ tXSn-sb-¯nbn«p­≠v. tI-c-f-¯\n-abpff cq-]L-S\ tkm-a-Xoc-w dn-tkmÀ-«ns\ Hä t\m«-¯n X-s¶ hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ¡v {]n-b-s¸-«-Xm-¡p¶-Xv tI-c-f-¯n-sâ ]-c-¼-cm-K-X coXn-bn-e-[n-jvTn-X-amb cq]-L-S\bm-Wv. tIc-f¯\na hnfn-t¨mXp¶ ]gb Xd-hm-Sp-IÄ, a\IÄ, \m-epsI-«v XpS-§n-bh- ]p-\:kr-ãn-¨n-cn-¡p¶ Xc-¯n-emWv dntkmÀ«nsâ cq]-L-S\.

Im-e-L-«-¯n-em-Wv Rm³ B-bpÀth-Z slÂ-¯v Sq-dn-k-s¯¡p-dn-¨v B-tem-Nn-¨v Xp-S-§p¶-Xv. PÀ½\n-bn-em-bn-cp-¶ Ime-¯v H-cp]m-Sv cm-Py-§-fn-se slÂ-¯v amkn-I-IÄ Rm³ Ønc-ambn hm-bn-¡pambn-cp-¶p. F-¶m amkn-IIfnse slÂ-¯v Sq-dn-k-¯n-sâ ]-c-ky-§fn-sem¶pw X-s¶ B-bpÀ-thZ-s¯ {]-Xn-]m-Zn¡p-¶ bm-sXm¶pw X-s¶ I≠-ncp¶nÃ. H-cn¡Â A-hn-Nm-cn-X-am-bn Hcp {io-e-¦³ am-K-kn-\nse ]ckyw Im-Wm-\n-S-bmbn. A-Xn tem-I Btcm-Ky im-kv-{X-¯n-\v `m-c-X-¯n-sâ kw-`m-h-\bm-b B-bpÀ-th-Zw hf-sc ^-e-{]-Zam-b co-Xn-bn amÀ¡-äv sN¿-s¸-Sp¶-Xv {i-²n¨p. A-Xv F-s¶ {]-tIm-]n-¸n-¡p-I-bp-≠m-bn. Sq-dn-k-hp-am-bn B-bpÀ-thZ-s¯ _-Ô-s¸-Sp-¯m³ kÀ-¡mÀ t]mepw X-¿m-dm-Im³ ap-Xn-cm-Xn-cp-¶ k-a-b-¯mWv tkm-a-Xocw B-bpÀth-Z sl-Â-¯v dn-tkmÀ-«n-s\-¡p-dn-¨v Rm³ Nn´n-¡p¶Xv. Xp-SÀ-¶v hy-àam-b A-\p-`-h Úm-\-¯n-sâbpw ]T-\-¯n-sâbpw A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n 1989emWv tkm-a-Xocw B-bpÀth-Z slÂ-¯v dn-tkmÀ-«v B-cw-`n-¡p¶-Xv. ³_e-t¯msS anI¨ H-cp B-bpÀth-Z s{]m-U-£³ skâdpw dntkmÀ«n-t\mSv A\p-_-Ôn¨v {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. aäp cm-Py-§-fn tkm-a-Xo-c-¯nsâ {]-Nm-c-¯n-\m-bn PÀ½\n tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v

]cky§-fneq-sS-bp-Å amÀ¡-än-wKnt\¡m Ä "au-¯v Sp au-¯v' ]»n-knän-bn hn-iz-kn¡p-¶-Xn\m-em-Wv I-gnª 23 hÀ-jam-bn Cu ta-Je-bn-se kam-\ tUm t]m-fn amXyp A-d-¼³-IpSn dn-tkmÀ-«p-IknFw-Un, tf-¡mÄ Gsd tkm-a-Xo-cw B-bpÀap¶n \n th-Zn-Iv slÂ-¯v Â-¡m³ tkmadn-tkmÀ«v Xo-c-¯n\v km-[n-¡p¶Xv. aqhm-bncw hÀ-j-¯ntesd ] g-¡-apÅ B-bpÀth-Zs¯ F§s\ Sp-dn-k-¯n {]-tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp¯msa¶v a-äp-ÅhÀ¡v a-\-Ên-em-¡n sImSp¡m³ F\n¡v km-[n-¨p. I-km-¡n-Øm³, t\-¸mÄ XpS§n-b cm-Py-§-fn tkm-a-Xo-cw BbpÀth-Z dn-tkmÀ-«n-\v {_m-©p-I-fp-≠v. D-S³ X-s¶ C-ä-en-bnepw IÀ-®m-S-Ibn-se l-¼n-bnepw tkm-a-Xo-c-¯n-sâ im-JIÄ Xp-S-§pw. sN-bÀ-am\pw am-t\-PnwKv U-b-d-Î-dpamb tUm t]m-fn amXyp A-d-¼³-Ip-SnbpsS a-I³ sP-bnw-kv ]n A-d-¼³-Ip-Sn tPm bnâ v amt\Pn-wKv U-b-d-Î-dm-bn {]-tXy-I Hm-^o-kv {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p-≠v.

BbpÀthZ Nn-In-Õ-tbm-sSm-¸w tI-cf-¯n-sâ ]m-c-¼-cy-hpw kw-kv-Im-chpw hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ-¡v ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp¯p-I-bm-Wv tkm-a-Xo-cw sN-¿p-¶-Xv. I-Sen-\v A-`n-ap-J-am-bn \nÂ-¡p-¶ Cu sI-«n-S§Ä ta·-tb-dnb a-c-¯-Sn-I-fn at\m-l-c-amb sIm-¯p-]-Wn-I-tfm-Sv Iq-Sn ]-Wn I-gn-¸n-¨-n-«pÅXm-Wv. A-tXm-sSm-¸w X-s¶ an-I¨ B-[p\n-I ku-I-cy-§fpw C-hn-sS H-cp-¡nbncn¡p-¶p. A-©v hn`m-K-§fnem-bn 66 U-_nÄ- dq-ap-I-fm-Wv C-hn-sS-bpÅ-Xv. A-Xn_r-l¯m-b ]q-t´m-«-¯nsâ at\m-lm-cn-X-tbmsS ]cn-Øn-Xn¡v BLm-X-taÂ-¡m-¯ X-c-¯n-em-Wv tkmaXocw {]hÀ¯n¡p-¶-Xv. BbpÀthZ-¯nsâ bÈkv anI¨ coXn-bn temI-¯n\v ap¶n Ah-X-cn-¸n¨ tkmaXocw, tIc-f-¯n-sâ Sqdnkw cwK-¯nsâ hfÀ¨-bn \nÀ®m-bI kzm[o\amWv sNep-¯p¶-Xv. hnhn[ Nn-In-Õm-hn-[n-IÄ B-bpÀ-th-Z-¯n-se {]-i-kv-Xam-b FÃm¯cw Nn-In-Õ-Ifpw tkm-a-Xo-c¯n-se-¯p-¶ hn-t\m-Zk-©m-cn-IÄ¡v e-`y-amWv. In-gn, ]n-gn-¨nÂ, R-h-c-¡n-gn, te-]-\w, X-e-s]m-Xn-¨nÂ, [-\ymw-e-[mc, £o-c-[q-aw, \kyw Xp-S-§n 30e-[nIw B-bpÀth-Z Nn-In-Õm-hn-[n-IÄ an-I-¨ ]-cn-ioe-\w t\Sn-b 13 B-bpÀth-Z tUmÎÀ-am-cp-sSbpw F-gp-]-tXm-fw h-cp¶ sX-dm-]n-Ìp-I-fp-sSbpw taÂt\m-«¯n tkm-a-Xo-c-w hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ-¡v th≠n H-cp-¡p¶p. Iq-Sm-sX tbm-K, [ym\w F-¶n-hbpw- \nc-h[n hÀjs¯ A\p-`-h-k-¼-¯pÅ hnZKv[-cpsS Iogn tkm-a-Xo-cw e`y-am¡p-¶p. Nn-In-Õ-bv¡v B-h-iyam-b B-bpÀ-th-Z a-cp-¶p-IÄ kz-´-w ^m-Î-dn-bnemWv tkm-a-Xo-cw DÂ-¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. 500e-[nIw Hu-j-[ k-ky-§-fp-sS hnime DZym-\-¯nsâ ]n

37


dos«bvÂ

hnizm-kw ssI-ap-X-em¡n _nkv-an-bpsS ssP-{X-bm-{X I-eqÀ A-´m-cm-{ã tÌ-Un-b-¯n-\v k-ao-]w ]¯v hÀ-j-§Ä-¡pap-¼v Bcw-`n-¨ _n-kv-an tlmw A-ss¹-b³-kv C¶v B-dv do-s«-bv tjm-¸p-I-fp-am-bn X-§-fp-sS ssP-{X-bm-{X Xp-S-cp-I-bm-Wv. 2020 B-Ip-t¼m-tg-bv¡pw tIcf-¯nse FÃm PnÃ-I-fnepw km¶n-[y-a-dn-bn¨v tjm-¸p-I-fp-sS F-®w 25 B-bn D-bÀ-¯m-\m-Wv I¼\n e-£y-an-Sp-¶Xv. 2015þ hn-ä-phchv 500 tIm-Sncq]bm-bn DbÀ-¯m-\p-Å {i-a-§fpw Bcw-`n-¨-Xmbn _nkv-an {Kq-¸v am-t\Pnw-Kv U-b-d-ÎÀ hn F A-Pv-a F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bv-¡-\p-h-Zn-¨ A-`n-ap-J-¯n hy-à-am¡n.

tlmw A-ss¹b³-kkv hn-]Wn-bnse ]pXnb s{S³-UpIÄ? tlmw A-ss¹b³k-kv hn-]-Wn-bn B-tcm-Ky-I-cam-b a-Õ-c-am-Wv C-t¸mÄ \-S-¶p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p¶Xv. A-Xn-\m  D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v an-I-¨ D¸-¶w B-IÀ-j-Iam-b hn-e-bn \ÂIpIsb¶-Xm-Wv R-§-fp-sS {][m-\ e-£yw. C-e-Ivt{Sm-Wn-Iv-kv, kv-tamÄ A-ss¹b³kkv, sh-äv Kp-Uvkv, t{Im¡dn sF-äw-kv F-¶n-§-s\-bp-Å \m-ev sk-sÜâp-IfmWv _nkv-an tlmw A-ss¹b³-k-kv ssI-Imcyw sN-¿p-¶-Xv. s^-Ìn-h ko-k-Wn G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X hn-ä-gn-¡s¸-Sp¶-Xv FÂ-kn-Un Snhn, Iyma-d, Unhn-Un s¹bÀ, tlmw Xn-b-äÀ XpS-§n

38

b Ce-t{Îm-Wn-Iv-kv D-]-I-c-W-§-fmWv. sd-{^n-P-td-äÀ, hm-jnw-Kv sa-jo³, ssat{Im-th-hv A-hv³, F-bÀI-≠o-j-WÀ Xp-S§nbhbmWv km-[m-c-W-bm-bn hÀ-jw ap-gp-h-\pw hn-ä-gn-bp-¶ ssh-äv Kp-Uv-kv hn-`m-K-¯nÂ-s¸-Sp¶- D¸-¶§Ä. A-Xn D-jv-W-¡m-e-¯v am-{Xam-bn H-Xp-§n-\n-¶n-cp¶ Fkn-bp-sS I-¨h-Sw C-t¸mÄ A-h-iy-h-kv-Xp F-¶ \n-e-bn- F-Xv Im-e-h-Ø-bn-epw D-]t`m-àm-¡Ä hm-§p-¶ Øn-Xn-bp≠v. an-Iv-kn, C³-U-£³ Ip-¡À, ss{K³-UÀ F-¶o DÂ-¸-¶-§-Ä-¡pw t{Im¡-dn D¸-¶-§Ä-¡pw \à Unamâp≠v. D-Õ-h ko-k-Wp-I-fn C¯cw DÂ-¸-¶-§-fpsS I-¨h-Sw D-bÀ-¶-tXm-Xn \-S-¡p-sa¦nepw Øn-c-X \n-e-\nÀ-¯n-bp-Å

hym-]m-cw hÀ-jwtXmdpw \-S-¡p¶Xv ssh-äv Kp-Uvkv t{iWn-bnÂ-s¸-« DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä-¡m-Wv. _nkv-an tlmw A-ss¹b³-k-knsâ do-s«-bv irw-J-e-sb-¡pdn¨vv hn-i-Zo-I-cn¡mtam? 2002em-Wv _n-kv-an {Kq-¸v tlmw A-ss¹b³-k-kv cwK-s¯ do-s«-bv hym-]m-c -iywJ-e-bnte¡v Np-h-Sp-h-¨-Xv. \n--ehn B-dv do-s«-bv tjm-¸p-I-fm-Wp-ÅXv. A-Xn {][m-\ tjmdqw I-eqÀ CâÀ-\m-j-W kv-tä-Un-b-¯n\v k-ao-]-¯m-Wv. tI-c-f-¯n G-ähpw Ip-Sp-X hym-]m-cw \-S¡p-¶ Iu-≠-dm-Wv I-eq-cn-teXv. Xr¸qWn-¯p-d, s]cp¼mhqÀ, aq hmäp]p-g, tIm-«-bw, sImÃw F¶n-hn-S-§-fn-em-Wv a-äv tjm-¸p-IÄ. D]-t`m-àm-¡sf _nkvan-bn-te¡v BIÀjn-¡p¶ LS-I-§Ä? Kp-W-ta·-bp-Å D-¸-¶§Ä, BIÀ-j-Iam-b hn-e, Ir-Xy-X-bp-Å hnÂ]-\m\-´-c tkh-\w, ]-cn-ioe-\w e-`n¨ sk-bnÂ-kv Poh-\-¡mÀ F-¶n-§-s\bp-Å L-S-I§fn XnIª s{]m^-j-W-enkam-Wv R-§Ä ]n´p-S-cp¶-Xv. Iym-jv Bâ v Iym-cn kw-hn-[m-\¯n-eq-sS I-¼-\n-bn \n-¶pw t\-cn-«v hm-§p-¶ DÂ-¸-¶-§-fm-Wv _n-kv-an-bp-sS tjm-¸p-I-fn-ep-ÅXv. AXp-sIm-≠pX-s¶, D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v B-IÀ-jIamb hn-ebv-¡v DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä \Â-Im³ R-§Ä-¡v km-[n-¡p-¶p. Iq-SmsX, {_m³UUv s{]mUÎpIfpsS Unkv-t¹, ]eni clnX hmbv]mkuI-cyw, A-Xym-IÀ-jIam-b k-½m-\-]-²-XnIÄ, hnimeamb ImÀ]mÀ¡nwKv kuI-cyw F¶nhbpw _n-kv-an tjm-¸pIfpsS {]tXyIXbm-Wv. do-s«-bv ta-J-e-bn- hntZ-i \nt£-]w h-cp-¶-Xns\ Xm¦Ä F§s\ t\m¡n-¡m-Wp¶p? do-s«-bv ta-J-e-bn-se hntZ-i \nt£-]w tlmw A-ss¹b³k-kv hym-]mc-cwK-s¯ a-Õ-c£-a-X hÀ-²n-¡p-¶Xn-\v C-S-bm-Ipw. t\c-s¯ Xs¶ Cu hym-]m-c-ta-J-e-bn Np-h-Sp-d-¸n-¨XpsIm-≠v A-Xv _n-kv-an-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨v H-cp shÃp-hn-fn-tb AÃ. tjm-¸p-I-fn D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-am-bn t\-cn-«v C-S-]-g-Inbm-Wv R-§Ä _n-kn\-kv \S¯p-¶Xv. A-Xn-\m D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS ]-cm-XnIÄ A-tX co-Xn-bn X-s¶ I-¼-\n-sb A-dn-bn-¡m\pw aäpw R-§Ä-¡v I-gn-bp¶p≠v. A-tX-ka-bw Xnc-sª-Sp¯ {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS am{Xw "Un-kv-t¹'-bn {i-²-bq-¶p¶ aÄ-«n-\m-j-W do-s«-bv tÌm-dp-IÄ h-cp-t¼mÄ A-hÀ-¡v C¯cw ku-Icy§Ä D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-\v km-[n-s¨-¶v hcnÃ. tlmw A-ss¹b³kkv cw-K-t¯--¡v IS¶ph-¶ Nn-e Ip-¯-I I-¼-\n-IÄ

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s]m-Sp¶-s\ ]n³-am-dn-b-Xpw Cu Im-c-W§Ä sIm-≠m-Wv. A-tX-k-abw, do-s«bv ta-J-e-bn-se hntZ-i \n-t£-]w hym-]m-c-ta-J-e-bn D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS Ips¯m-gp-¡n\v hgn-sbm-cp-¡pw. A-Xnsâ `m-K-am-bn IqSp-X ]pXn-b D-]-t`màm¡-sf R-§Ä¡pw e-`n-¡pw. t{Im¡-dn D¸-¶ hn-]-Wn-bn-se _n-kv-an-bp-sS kz-´w {_m³-Un-s\ -¡p-dn-¨v? U-tbm-kv F-¶ t]-cn-em-Wv _n-kvan-bp-sS t{Im¡-dn DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä hn-]Wn-bn-se¯p-¶Xv. D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS Xm-¸cyw kw-cw-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\v ap³-Xq¡w \Â-Ip-¶ _n-kv-an-bp-sS t\m¬-kvänIv, Im-k-tdmÄ Xp-S§nb t{Im¡-dn D¸-¶-§Ä-¡v h³ kzo-Im-cy-X-bm-Wv e-`n¨p-sIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. R-§-fp-sS tjm-¸p-I-fn Cu DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä-¡v GÀ-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p-Å kÀ-hokpw _nkvan-tbm-Sp-Å hnizm-k-hp-am-Wv tIh-ew B-dp-am-k-t¯m-fw {]m-bam-b U-tbm-kv {_m³-Un-s\ hn-P-b¯nse-¯n-¨-Xv. A-Sp¯pX-s¶ {]-jÀ Ip¡À, C³-U-£³ Ip-¡À, FÂ-]n-Pn Ìu F¶n-h U-tbmkv {_m³-Un ]p-d-¯n-d-¡pw. _nkvanbpsS kao-]-Ime e£y-§Ä? \-S-¸p-km¼¯n-I hÀ-jw I-f-a-ticn, Xr-iqÀ, Xn-cp-hà F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn-em-bn aq-¶v tjm-¸p-IÄ Iq-Sn Xp-d-¡pw. \ne-hn-ep-Å tjm-¸p-Ifp-sS F®w 2020 B-Ip-t¼m-tg¡pw 25 B-bn D-bÀ-¯pw. sam-ss_ t^m-WpIÄ, I-w]yq-«À DÂ-¸¶-§-Ä XpS-§n-b-h-bpsS hn-]W-\-¯n-\m-bn ]pXn-b Iu-≠-dpIÄ _n-kv-an-bp-sS tjm-¸p-I-fn DS³ X-s¶ B-cw-`n-¡pw. 2011þ12 km-¼-¯n-I-hÀjw 250 tIm-Sn cq]-bm-bn-cp¶p _n-kv-an-bp-sS hnäp-h-c-hv. 2015 B-Ip-t¼m-tg-bv-¡pw 500 tIm-Sn cp-]-bp-sS _n-kn-\-km-Wv R-§Ä e-£y-an-Sp-¶Xv. c-≠p-hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån FÃm PnÃ-I-fnepw kzm-[o-\-ap-d-¸n-¡m\pff {ia-§fpw \S-¡p-¶p.


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Hmt«m-sam-_oÂ

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D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS hm-l-\ kz-]v-\-§Ä-¡-¸p-dw \n-¶v {]-hÀ-¯n¨v \nt¸m¬ sSmtbm« apt¶m«v IpXn-¡pI-bm-Wv. \nc-h[n UoeÀjn¸v AhmÀUp-Ifpw aäv AwKo-Im-c-§fpw Ic-Ø-am¡nb \nt¸mWnsâ {] hÀ¯-\-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw `mhn ]²XnIsf-¡p-dn¨pw I¼\n sshkv {]kn-Uâ v (sk-bnÂkv Bâ v amÀ¡änwKv) FÂtZm s_©-an³ hni-Zo-I-cn-¡p¶p FÂtZm s_©-an³

{]tim`v sI ]n

am

ä-§-fp-sS am-kv-acnI tem-I-am-Wv hm-l-\ hn]Wn. Un-ssk³, ku-I-cy§Ä, B-Uw-_cw, km-t¦Xn-I anI-hv F-¶n-§-s\ FÃm-X-c-¯n-epw D-]-t`màm-¡-fp-sS a-\w I-hcm³ aÕ-cn-¡p-IbmWv hm-l-\ \nÀ-½m-W I-¼-\n-IÄ. hnhn-[ I-¼-\n-I-fp-tS-Xm-bn \n-ch-[n tam-U-ep-I-fmWv Zn-\w-{]-Xn \n-c-¯n-end-§p-¶-Xv. hm-l-\-w kz-´-am¡m³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶ D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v Cu-sbm-cp A-h-Øbn G-Xp Xn-c-sª-Sp-¡-Wsa-¶ B-i-b-¡pg¸w D-≠m-Ip-w. A-Xn-\v ]-cn-lm-cw tX-Sn-bp-Å bm-{X-bn kzm`mhn-I-ambpw a\-kv DS-¡p-¶-Xv- "I-kvä-aÀ ^-kv-äv ^n-tem-k-^n-'¡p ap³K-W-\ \Â-Ip¶ sSm-tbm-«-bn-em-bn-cn-¡pw. D]-t`m-àm-¡-fp-sS B-h-iy-§-Ä Xn-cn-¨dn-ªv A-h DÄ-s¸-Sp-¯n hm-l\-§Ä \n-c-¯n-en-d-¡m³ sSm-tbm-« Gsd {i-² \Â-Inh-cp-¶p. am-{X-aÃ, D-]-t`m-àmhnsâ kw-Xr-]v-Xn (customer satisfaction) ¡¸p-dw "I-kvä-aÀ Un-sse-äv' F-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v sSm-tbm-« am-dns¡m-≠n-cn¡p-I-bm-Wv. D¸¶§fpsS anI-hv, hn-izmkyX, ap-XÂap-S-¡n-\-\p-k-cn-¨v kw-Xr-]vXn, sa-bnâ-\³-kv XpS-§nb Im-cy-§fn {i-² sN-ep-¯nbm am-{X-ta I-kvä-aÀ Un-sse-äv F-¶ \n-e-bn-te-¡v D-bcm³ I-gn-bq. A-Xn-sâ Xp-SÀ-¨-sb-t¶mW-amWv tI-c-f-¯n sSm-tbm-«-bp-sS Uo-eÀamcm-b \n-t¸mWpw Np-h-Sp-h-bv-¡p-¶-Xv. I-f-a-ti-cn tZ-io-b-]m-X-tbm-c-t¯m-Sv tNÀ¶pÅ \n-t¸m¬ S-h-dnsâ _-lp\n-e sI«n-S k-ap-¨-b¯n aÄ-«n tam-t«m-dnw-Kv A-\p-`-h-t¯m-sSm¸w \-sÃm-cp ]À-t¨-knwKv A-´-co-£hpw H-cp-¡n sIm-Sp-¡p-I-sb¶-XmWv \n-t¸m¬ S-th-gv-kv sN-bÀam³ Fw F Fw _m-_p aq¸-sâ Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sv. sSm-tbm-« s{]mU-£³ kn-kv-ä-¯nsâ (TPS) `m-K-am-bpÅ "F-Iv-kv-{]-Êv sa-bnâ\³kv' t{]m-{Km-an ]o-cn-tbm-Un-¡Â kÀ-ho-kn\p h-cp-¶ hm-l-\-¯n-\v 60 an-\n-än-\pÅn an-I¨ kÀ-ho-kv \Â-In D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v Xn-cn-¨p \Â-Ip¶p. I-zmfnän, Uyp-d-_n-enän, dn-eb-_n-en-än (QDR) F-¶o aq-¶p L-SI-§Ä D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯p¶-Xn\m a-täXp hm-l-\-t¯-¡mfpw an-I-¨ do-skbn hmeyq sSm-tbm-«-bv-¡p e-`n-¡p¶p. "bp-h' cm-Pm-hv hml-\-§Ä Xnc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\pw

hm§n-¡p-¶-Xn\pw Xocp-am-\-§Ä FSp-¡p-¶-Xv bphXe-ap-d-bpsS A`n-cpNn-IÄ IW-¡n-se-Sp-¯m-Wv. A-XpsIm≠pX-s¶ sSm-tbm-«-bp-sS ]p-Xptam-Uep-IÄ-¡v bq-¯v _mUv-Pv \Â-Im\pw I¼-\n Xo-cp-am-\-sa-Sp-¯n-«p≠v. C-¯c¯n bp-h-Xz-¯n-sâ C-ã {_m³Um-bn amdm³ sSm-tbm-«bv¡v- Ign-bpsa¶Xn kw-i-b-anÃ. bqkv-Uv ImÀ hn-]-Wn-bpw Gsd k-Poham-Wv. sSm-tbm-« I-kv-ä-aÀ-¡v Xsâ ] gb hml\w tjm-dqan \Â-In ]pXn-b hml-\w kz´am¡m-\p-Å ku-Icyhpap≠v. "bp ImÀ' F-¶ t]cn C-Xn\m-bn tjm-dq-ap-I-fn {]-tXy-I hn-`m-Kw X-s¶-bp-≠v. bqkvUv Im-dp-IÄ-¡v "bp {S-kväv' kÀ-«n-^n-t¡-j-\pw A[n-I hmdânbpw e-`n-¡pw. t\-Xr-Xz-ta-säSp¯v sXm-gn-em-fnIÄ sSm-tbm-« F¶ {_m³Uns\ iàns¸-Sp-¯Â, I-kv-ä-a-dp-sS kw-Xr-]v-Xn, sXm-gn-em-fn-t£-aw F-¶n-§s\ aq-¶p L-S-I-§Ä¡v Du-¶Â \Â-In-bmWv \n-t¸mWn-sâ {]-hÀ-¯-\w. sXm-gn-emfn-I-fm-Wv Hmtcm Øm-]-\-¯n-sâbpw h-fÀ¨-sb \n-b-{´n-¡p-¶Xv. ssk-t¡msa-{Sn-Iv sSkväv \-S-¯n-bm-Wv D-tZym-KmÀYn-Isf Xnc-sª-Sp¡p¶-Xv. t\-Xr-Xz-] m-S-hw, Xo-cp-am\-§Ä F-Sp-¡m-\p-Å I-gn-hv F¶n-h h-fÀ-¯n-sb-Sp-¡m\mbn A-hÀ-¡mh-iy-amb ]cn-io-e-\hpw a-äpw \Â-Im³ \n-t¸m¬ A-Xoh {i-² sN-ep¯m-dp-≠v. C-{]Imcw hnZKv[ ]cn-ioe\w e-`n-¡p-¶bmÄ A-Xv a-äp-Å-hÀ¡pw ]-IÀ-¶p \Â-Ip-¶p. am-{X-aÃ, hn-tZ-i-cmPy-§fn t]mbn sXmgn ]-cn-ioe-\w t\-Sm-\p-Å A-h-k-c-§fpw \n-t¸m¬ H-cp-¡m-dp-≠v. sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fn \n-¶v e`n-¡p-¶ \nÀ-tZ-i-§Ä IW-¡nse-Sp-¯v Ah \-S-¸nem-¡m³ am-t\-Pv-sa-â v ImWn¡p¶ {]-tXy-I {i-²bm-Wv R-§-fp-sS hn-P-b-¯n-sâ {][m\ LS-I-§-fn-sem¶v. \n-e-hn I-f-a-ti-cn-sb Iq-Sm-sX s\-«q-À, Xr-iqÀ, tIm-«bw, Xn-cp-h\-´-]p-cw F-¶nhn-S§fnepw \n-t¸m¬ sSm-tbm-« tjm-dqapIÄ {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p≠v. CXn\p-]p-dsa H¼-Xv ]²Xn-IÄ-¡qSn k-ao-]`m-hn-bn A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡pw. Ct¡m {^-≠v-en sSm-tbm-« ]-cn-Øn-Xn- kw-c-£n¡p-I F-¶ Zu-Xy-¯n-sâ `m-K-ambn sSm-tbm« ssl{_nUv, C-e-Iv-{SnIvv- F-¶nh-sb Iq-Sm-sX t^mkn ^yq-h D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v Hm-Sn-¡m-

hp-¶ hm-l\-§Ä \n-c-¯n-en-d-¡m-\pw ]²-Xn-bp­≠v. C-´ybn Fw-]n-hn t{i-Wnbn 56Dw F-kv-bp-hn hn-`m-K¯n 76 iXam-\hpw ssI¿m-fp¶-Xv sSm-tbm-«-bpsS hm-l-\-§-fm-Wv. A-Sp-¯ hÀ-jw ]-Ip-Xn-tbm-sS se-Iv-kkv tI-c-f¯n Ah-X-cn¸n¡m\pw I¼\n Dt±-in-¡p¶p. cm-Py-¯v sSm-tbm-« hm-l-\-§-fp-sS hn¸-\bn tI-c-f-am-Wv ap-¶nÂ. I-gn-ª G-gp am-k-am-bn tI-cf¯n G-ähpw Iq-Sp-X sk-bnÂkpw

\-S-¯p¶-Xp \n-t¸m-Wm-Wv. C-´y³ hml-\ hn-]-Wnbn 10þ12 i-X-am-\w amÀ-¡äv sj-bÀ t\-Sn-sb-Sp-¡m-\p-Å {i-a-¯nem-Wv sSm-tbm-«. \n-ch-[n Uo-eÀ-jn-¸v A-hmÀ-Up-Ifpw aäv Aw-Ko-Im-c-§fpw I-c-Ø-am-¡nb \nt¸m¬ sSmtbm-« I-¼\n-bp-sS Cu e-£y-w ssI-h-cn-¡m-\m-bn ]qÀ-® ]n-´p-W \Â-Ipw. D-]-t`m-àm-¡fp-sS hm-l-\ kz-]v-\-§Ä-¡-¸p-dw \n-¶v {]-hÀ-¯n¡m³ km-[n¨-Xm-Wv \n-t¸m¬ sSm-tbm«-sb Cu cwK¯v th-dn-«p \n-À¯p-¶Xv.

39


Hmt«m-sam-_o ¸mÀ«v v ss{Uhv dnt Ì S s S ps b Chmenb ImgvN

A Van ss_Pp F³ \mbÀ

aÄ«n bq«nenän hml\§fpw (Fwbphn) kvt]mÀ«vkv bq«nenän hml\§fpw (Fkvbphn) X½nepÅ {][m\ hyXymkw c≠maXv ]

dª I£n¡v kvt]mÀ«n F©n³ IqSn D≠mIpw F¶pÅXmWv. Fwbphn, Fkvbphn XpS§nb h³ac§Ä¡nSbn AIs¸«pt] mbXpsIm≠v hfcm³ IgnbmsX apcSn¨pt]mb Hcp hn`mKap≠vþan\n hm\pIÄ. FSp¯p]dbmhp¶ Hcp C´y³ an\n hm\mWv Smä hn§À. CâÀ\m-j-W "ep¡v' CÃm¯Xn\m hn§À Nne {]tXyI taJeIfnse hnägnªpÅp. F´mbmepw CâÀ\mjW ep¡pIÄ DÅ, Pm¸\okv an\nhm³ Ct¸mÄ C´ybn F¯n¡gnªp. \nkm³ Chmenb F¶mWv t]cv.

Evalia

Specifications

Engine

4 Inline Cylinder Diesel 8 Valve 1461cc 19.3 kmpl Max.Power: 63kw@3750rpm (86PS@ 3750rpm) Max. Torque: 200Nm @ 2000 rpm

Brake

Hydraulic, ABS+EBD+BA Disc/Drum

Tyres

LT 165 R 14, 8 PR Tubeless

Suspension

front: McPherson Struct Type Coil Spring rear: Multi Leaf Rigid

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40

Dimensions

Tread Forint/Rear (mm0 1490mm/ 1510mm Fuel Tank capactiy: 55 Liters Max. Kerb weigth: 1446 kg Max. Gross Weigth: 2000kg 1490mm/ 1510mm Fuel Tank capactiy: 55 Liters

\m«nent¸mÄ HmSns¡m ≠ncn¡p¶ aÄ«n bq«nenän hml\§fn \n¶pw XnI¨pw hyXykvXamb cq]amWv Chmenbbv¡v. Pm¸\o kv an\n hm\pIfpsS "Sn¸n¡Â Unssk³'. DÅn kvt]kv IqSpw hn[amWv cq]I¸\. ap³`mK¯nsâ Unssk³ B [p\nIamWv. hi§fnÂ\n¶v sNcnªnd§p¶ slUvsse äpw Nncn¡p¶ Np≠pt]mse bpÅ {KnÃpw henb FbÀUm apw Chmenbbv¡v {]k¶amb apJw k½m\n¡p¶p. henb cq]¯nsâ hr¯ntISv Hgnhm¡m\mbn CSbv¡nsS t_mUn sse\pIÄ HgpInbnd§p¶p. tamtWmtIm¡v t_mUnbm Wv Chmenb¡v. AXpsIm≠v HmSn¡pt¼mÄ Hcp ImÀ HmSn ¡p¶ ^o In«pw. \ofhpw hoXnbpsaÃmw {][m\ FXncmfnIfmb alo{µ ssktem, sSmtbm« Ct¶mh F¶nhtb¡mÄ A¸w IpdhmWv. DZm: \ofw Chmenbþ4400 mm. ssktemþ4520 mm. Ct¶mh 4580 mm. hoXn bYm{Iaw 1695 mm, 1850 mm, 1770 mm. henb hml\ amsW¦nepw 5.2 aoäÀ F¶ sNdnb tSWnwKv tdUnbkn Chmenbsb Xncns¨Sp¡mw. hi§fnÂ\n¶v t\m ¡pt¼mÄ {][m\ambpw I®nÂs¸SpI henb ap³ hn³tUmbmWv. F¶m ]n¶nse c≠p hn³tUmIfpw sNdpXmWv. sskUv tUmÀ hfsc Ffp¸¯n "ssÉUv' sNbvXv \o¡mw. SbdpIÄ 14 C©mWv. AÂ]w IqSn hepXmImambncp¶p F¶p ImgvNbn tXm¶pw. ]n³`mKw _kntâXpt]m se. "t_mIvkn Unssk³' F¶v Bcpw hnfn¨pt]mIpw. F¦nepw `wKnbpÅ Unssk\p Å sSbv em¼pw t_mWäv sse\pIfpw \ÂIn Ipds¨m s¡ `wKnbpÅXm¡m³ \nkm³ {ian¨n«p≠v. DÅn {^≠v ho ss{Uhv BbXpsIm≠pw ^yqh Sm¦v ss{UhÀ koänsâ ASnbn BbXpsIm≠pw ^vfmäv ¹mävt^mw BbXpsIm≠pw \à ØekuIcyap≠v ChmenbbpsS DÄ`mK¯v. KnbÀ enhÀ Umjv t_mÀUn te¡v amänbXpsIm≠v ap³koäpIÄ¡nSbn t]mepw Bhiy¯n\p kvt]kv D≠v. H¶pc≠v \nc koäpIÄ¡v seKvdqw [mcmfw. F¶mÂ, aq¶mw \nc koäv ]Xnhpt]m se AÂ]w CSp§nbXmWv. ] t£, aq¶v \nc¡mÀ¡pw Fkn shâpIfpw Fkn I¬t{Sm fpIfpap≠v. aq¶mw \nc koäv aS¡nbm 2100 enäÀ etKPv kvt]kv In«pw. \Sphnse koäv aS¡nbmÂ

2900 enädmbn DbcpIbpw sN¿pw. sSbv tKäv hepXmbXn \m F{Xhenb km[\ hpw Ibänhbv¡pIbpw sN¿mw. \nehmcapÅ ¹mÌn¡nemWv DÄ`mKw Ae¦cn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. `wKnbpÅ skâÀ I¬tkmfn knwKnÄ Un³ ayqknIv s¹bÀ (kvamÀ«v ss{Uhn\v e`n¨Xv tSm¸vF³Uv thcnbâÃ. tSm]v F³Un U_nÄ Un³ BWv). t¥mt_mIvkv hepXmsW¦nepw AS¸nÃ. F¶m ap³koäpIÄ¡p \ Sphn AS¸pÅ Hcp`mKap≠v. ssa{Ibn \n¶v ISw hm§nbXmWv ÌnbdnMv hoepw FknshâpIfpw F¶v hyàw. ap³ hn³tUm Hgn¨pÅ hn³tUmIÄ AÂ]w sNdpXmWv. ]t£, AXv bm{X¡msc Atemkcs¸Sp¯pw F¶p tXm¶p¶nÃ. F©n³ k®nbnse 1500 knkn SÀt_m Uok sI 9 sI F©n³ -Xs¶bmWv Chmenbbnepw LSn¸n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. 85 _nF¨v]n F©n\mWnXv. KnbÀ t_mIvkpw k®nbptSXpXs¶. 200 \yq «¬ aoädmWv tSmÀ¡v. 2.5 enäÀ F©n\pÅ Ct¶mhbptSXpw tSmÀ¡v CXpXs¶ F¶Xv AXnibapfhm¡p¶ Imcy amWv. (ssktembptSXv 280 \yq«¬ aoädmWv). ImÀ HmSn¡p¶ kpJt¯msS Chmenb HmSn¡mw. 1700 BÀ]nFw hsc sNdnsbmcp Cg-¨n A\p `hs¸t«¡mw. ]t£, AXn\p tijw Chmenb IpXn¨p ]mbpw. 19 sk¡âmWv 100 In.ao. thKXsbSp¡m³ th≠Xv. sSmtbm« Ct¶mhtb ¡mÄ 250 Intem{Kmw `mc¡pd hpÅXpsIm≠mhmw, s] Àt^ma³kn Chmenbsb Xfbv¡m³ ]äm¯Xv. 5 kv]oUv KnbÀ t_mIvkpw hfsc ckIcambn HmSn¨p t]mIm³ Chmenbsb {]m]vXbm¡p¶p. F©n³ henb i_vZap≠m¡p¶nÃ. anI¨ C³kptej³ DÅXpsIm≠v DÅnepw i_vZw IS¡p¶nÃ. ssht{_j\pw A{X FSp¯p]dbm\nÃ. GXmbmepw 19.3 Intem-aoädmWv ChmenbbpsS kÀ«n ss^Uv ssatePv. ap¶n C³Uns¸³Uâ v ]n¶n eo^v kv{SnMv þ CXmWv ChmenbbpsS kkvs]³j³ skä¸v. ]n¶n C³Un s]³Uâ v AÃm¯XpaqeamWv DÅn C{Xbpw Øe kuIcyw e`n¨Xv F¶Xv asämcp clkyw. 8.53 apX 10.03 e£w cq] hscbmWv ChmenbbpsS hne. Cu Pm¸\okv an\nhm³ hnPbn¨m C´ybn hml\ taJebn ]pXnsbmcp ]mX sh«n¯pd¡s¸Spsa¶vv IcpXmw.


civan _³kmÂ

hnZym-`ymkw

amt\-Pvsaâv hnZym-`ymkw:

Agn¨p-]Wn A\n-hmcyw Xnf¡w a§p¶ Fw_nF aäv cmPy-§-fp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sN¿p-t¼mÄ C´ybnse amt\-Pvsaâ v hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§-fpsS F®-¯n h¶n-«pÅ hÀ²\ AXn-i-bn-¸n-¡p-¶-XmWv. Ignª GXm\pw hÀj§-Ä¡pÅn C¯cw \nc-h[n Øm]-\-§-fmWv cmPy¯v {]hÀ¯\amcw`n-¨n-«pÅXv. CXnÂXs¶ `qcn-`m-K-hpw, em`w am{Xw {]Xo-£n-¡p¶ _nkn-\kv Øm]-\-§-sf-t¸m-sebmWv {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xv. [\-k-¼m-Z-\-¯n-\pÅ amÀK-ambn am{Xw kzImcy taJ-ebn amt\-Pvsaâ v hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\§Ä {]hÀ¯n¡p¶Xv XnI¨pw ]cn-Xm-]-I-c-am-Wv. hnZymÀ°n-I-fpsS Ignhv hnIkn¸n¡p-¶-Xnepw anI¨ amt\-Pvsaâ v _ncp-Z-[m-cn-Isf k¼-Zvhy-hØbv-¡v \ÂIp-¶-Xn\pw C¯cw kvYm]-\-§Ä ]qÀ® ]cm-P-b-am-sW-¶Xv ZuÀ`m-Ky-I-c-am-Wv. kzImcy amt\-Pvsaâ v hnZym`ymk Øm]-\-§-fpsS hÀ²-\-bmWv Hcp-]-cn-[n-hsc Fw_nF _ncp-Z¯nsâ \ne-hm-c-¯-IÀ¨bv¡v Imc-Ww. Ct¸mÄ Fw_nF F¶p ]d-bp-¶-Xv, Hcp Xc-¯n _tbmUm-ä-bn Ae-¦m-c-¯n-\mbn am{Xw hbv¡m-\p-X-Ip¶Xpw sXmgn-ep-S-asb th≠hn-[-¯n Xr]vXn-s¸Sp-¯m-¯-Xp-amb Hcp B[p-\nI amÌÀ _ncp-Z-ambn amdn-¡-gn-ªp.

-\-§Ä Zn\wamt\-Pvsaâ v hnZym-`ymk Øm] y-bnse amt\{]-Xn hÀ²n¨p hcp-t¼mgpw C´-hmcw Ipdªp Pvsaâ v _ncp-Z[m-cn-I-fpsS \ne F®-¯n hcp-IbmWv. hnZymÀ°n-I-fpsS n-\kv e£y-§Ä nam{Xw {i² tI{µo-I-cn¨pw _nk \-Pvsaâ v Øm]\-§Ä krjvS ap³\nÀ¯nbpw XpS-§p¶ amt p-sSbpw \ne-hmcw C¶v tNmZy-Nn-Ó¡p¶ `qcn-`mKw _ncp-Z-[m-cn-I-f zm≠nänbÃ, Izmfn-än-bm-Wv hnZym-`ym-kambn Ah-ti-jn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. "I Øm]-\-§Ä Xncn-¨-dntb≠ ¯n {][m\w' F¶v hnZym-`ymk kabw AXn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.

X½n t`Zw sFsFFw Izmfn-än-bn-epw, {]I-S-\-¯nepw Gsd ]n¶n-emb C´y³ amt\-Pvsaâ v _ncp-Z-[m-cnIfn Xmc-X-tay\ anI¨ {]I-S\w ImgvNh-bv¡p¶Xv C´y³ C³Ìn-äyq«v Hm^v amt\-Pvsaânse hnZymÀ°n-I-fmWv. AXn-\m dn{Iq«vsaâ v ka-b¯v H«p-an¡ _lp-cmjv{S I¼-\n-Ifpw e£y-an-Sp-¶Xv sFsFFw _ncp-Z-[m-cn-Isf Xs¶-bmWv. Cu ØnXn XpSÀ¶m cmPys¯ sXmgn cln-X-cmb amt\-Pvsaâ v _ncp-Z-[m-cn-I-fpsS F®w hÀ²n-¡pI-bpw anI-hpä s{]m^-j-Wep-Isf Is≠¯m\m-ImsX C´y³ amt\-Pvsaâ v cwKw k½À±mhØbnemIp-Ibpw sN¿pw.

Icn-¡p-e-¯n amäw A\n-hmcyw \ne-hnse k¼-Zvhy-h-Ø-bv¡pw kwcw-`-IXz Nn´m-K-Xn¡pw B\p-]m-Xn-I-ambn Fw_nF ]mTy]-²-Xnbn amäw hcp-t¯≠Xv A\nhmcy-am-Wv. tIkv ÌUnIfn-epw, {]mtbm-KnI ]cnÚm\-¯nepw A[n-jvTn-X-amb kne-_-kmWv Fw_n-F-bv¡v C¶v th­-≠Xv. \ne-hn-epÅ kne-_kv Ime-l-c-W-s¸«-Xm-Wv. IrXy-amb CS-th-f-I-fn kne-_kv ] cn-jv¡cWw \S-¸m-¡m-¯Xv Cu cwKs¯ ]T-\-þsXmgn taJ-e-Isf k½À±-¯n-em-¡p-¶p. AtXmsSm¸w hnZymÀ°n-I-fnse tkm^väv kvIn hnI-k\-¯n\pw ^m¡Âän s{Sbn\nwKv t{]m{Km-ap-IÄ-¡pw kne-_-kn {]mapJyw \ÂI-Ww. hnZym-k-¼-¶cm-b anI¨ A[ym-]-I-cn-eqsS am{X-ta kaq-l-¯n-\pX-Ip¶ coXnbn-epÅ anI¨ amt\-Pvsaâ v s{]m^-jW-ep-Isf krjvSn¡m\mIq.

civan _³km anI¨ kwcw-`-I, t\m h-en-Ìv, JAM (Just Another Magazine) amKkn³ Øm]-I FUn-äÀ F¶o \ne-I-fn {] i-kvX-bmWv sFsFFw Al-½-Zm-_m-Znse ]qÀÆ-hn-ZymÀ°nbmb civan _³kmÂ-. tÌ lw{Kn tÌ ^qfn-jv, IWIväv Z tUmävkv, sF lmhv F {Uow XpS§n-b-h-bmWv {][m\ cN\IÄ. kwcw-`-I-Xz¯n-te¡v IS-¶ 25 sF sFFw Al-½-Zm-_mZv _ncp-Z-[m-cn-I-fpsS IY ]d-bp¶ tÌ lw{Kn tÌ ^q fnjv F«ne[nIw `mjI-fn-te¡v XÀÖa sNbvXn-«p≠v.

41


Biotechnology Engineering

hnZym-`ymkw

`mhnbnse Xnf§p¶ sXmgn taJeIÄ

IT

Hospitality Pharmaceutical

Year

2015HmSp IqSn temI¯mIam\w 14 Zie£w sXmgnehkc§ Ä ¢uUv Iw]yq«nwKneqsS krjvSn¡s¸-Sp-sa¶mWv hne-bn-cp¯p-¶-Xv. C´ybn Cu cwK¯v 20 e£w sXmgnehkc§Ä¡v km[yXbps≠¶v CâÀ\mjW Umäm I½yqWnt¡j³ ssat{Imtkm^väpambn tNÀ¶v \S¯nb ]T\§Ä kqNn¸n¡p¶p C´y³ sFSn taJebpsS hfÀ¨ Ignª c≠v ]Xnäm≠n\pÅn 100 Zie£w tUmfdn \n¶pw 100 _nÃy¬ tUmfdmbn DbÀ¶p

\nch[n taJeIfn h³ sXmgn km[yXIfmWv hcm\n

cn¡p¶Xv. sh©zÀ Iym¸nä ^≠n\v sk£³ 10 (23FB) C³Iw SmIvkv BIvSv A\pkcn¨v tUm Sn ]n sk_n¡pÅ \nb{´W¯n tkXp-am-[-h³ tI{µ _Pän Cfhv hcp¯nbXv hyhkmb taJeIfn IqSpX sXmgnehkc§Ä krjvSn¡m\p]Icn¡pw. F³Pn\obdnwKv, sFSn, _tbmsSIvt\mfPn, ^mÀakyq«n¡Âkv, £ochnIk\w, `£ykwkv¡c Ww, tlmkv]nämenän XpS§nb taJeIfn ]p¯³ kwcw`§Ä XpS§p¶tXmsSm¸w Gsd sXmgnehkc§fpw krjvSn¡s¸Spw. \mt\m sSIvt\mfPn, _tbmsSIvt\mfPn, DuÀÖw, ssPh CÔt\m¸mZ\w, KthjWw, XpS§nb taJeIfn IqSpX sXmgnehkc§Ä¡v km[yXbp≠v. sFSn taJeIfn tkm^vävshbÀ, lmÀUvshbÀ hnIk\ cwK¯pw, ImÀjnI A\p_Ô taJeIfnepw DbÀ¶ hfÀ¨m \nc¡mWv

42

£w Ä Ziehkc§ gne sXm

e£yan«n«pÅXv. 2015HmSp IqSn temI¯mIam\w 14 Zie£w sXmgnehkc§fmWv ¢uUv Iw]yq«nwKneqsS krjvSn¡s¸Sp-I. C´ybn am{Xw Cu cwK¯v 20 e£w sXmgnehkc§Ä¡v km[yXbps≠¶v CâÀ\mjW Umäm I½yqWnt¡j³, ssat{Imtkm^väpambn tNÀ¶v \S¯nb ] T\§Ä kqNn¸n¡p¶p. aoUnb, _m¦nwKv, hnhckmt¦XnIhnZy, \nÀ½mW taJeIfpambn _Ôs¸«v sFSn, sFSn A\p_Ô taJeIÄ XpS§nbh-bn A`ykvXhnZycmb bphXobphm¡Ä¡v Ahkc§tfsdbmWv. C´y³ tkm^vävshbÀ hyhkmb taJeIfn 2.3 e£w sXmgnehkc§Ä kao-]-`m-hn-bn Xs¶ krjvSn¡s¸Spsa¶v IW¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶p. Imw]kv dn{Iq«vsaâneqsS Hcp e£w t]À¡v sXmgn e`n¡pw. C´y³ sFSn taJebpsS hfÀ¨ Ignª c≠v ]Xnäm≠v Imebfhn 100 Zie£w Atacn¡³ tUmfdn \n¶pw 100 _nÃy¬ tUmfdmbn DbÀ¶n«p≠v. BtKmf Xe¯n C´y³ F³Pn\o bÀamcpsS {]mXn\n[yw 13 iX-am-\¯n \n¶pw

2020 HmSpIqSn 25 iX-am\ambn DbÀ¯m\mWv e£yan«ncn¡p¶Xv. F³Pn\obdnwKv tkh\w, Hmt«msam_oÂ, hnZym`ymkw, ^mÀakyq«n¡Âkv, F^vFwknPn XpS§nb taJ-e-I-fn {]XnhÀj i¼f hÀ²\hv 10--þ15 iX-am\ambncn¡pw. bqtdm]y³ bqWnb\n se km¼¯nI amµyw {]kvXpX cmPy§fpambn _Ôs¸« sFSn, _m¦nwKv, dos«bv taJeIsf _m[n¡m³ km[y-X-bp-≠ ­ v. BtcmKyw, kpc£, DuÀÖw, ]mc¼tcyXc DuÀÖ t{kmXÊpIÄ, F®, {]IrXnhmXIw, sIan¡Â hyhkmbw XpS§nb taJeIfpambn _Ôs¸« kpc£ F¶nhbn Cu hÀjw IqSpX sXmgnehkc§Ä krjvSn¡s¸Spsa¶v A´mcmjv{S dn{Iq«vsaâ v GP³knbmb Allen & Yorksâ IW¡pIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶p. sXmgnehkc§Ä¡pth≠n Hm¬sse³ sh_vsskäpIÄ kµÀin¡pt¼mÄ At]£n¡p¶Xn\v ap¼v hymP sh_vsskäpIÄ Xncn¨dntb≠XmWv. tbmKyXbv¡v \nc¡m¯ tPmenbpw, i¼fhpw hmKvZm\w sN¿p¶ sh_vsskäpIÄ hymPamsW¶ Imcyw {]tXyIw HmÀt¡≠XmWv.


BtcmKyw

BtcmKy tIc-f-¯n\v Xncn-¨Sn: "A\n-a skIvkv ' hym]-I-am-Ip¶p

"arKobw' Cu kwkvImcw

A\n-a skIvkn\v IqSp-X ASnas¸Sp-¶Xv kv{XoIfpw sFSn s{]m^-jW-epI-fpamsW¶v Btcm-Ky-cw-Ks¯ hnZ-Kv[À A`n-{]m-b-s¸Sp¶p

hntZi kwkvIm-cs¯ A\p-I-cn-s¨-¶-h-®w, arK-§-fp-ambpÅ {]IrXn hncp² ssewKn-I-Xbpw \oe-Nn{X \nÀ½mWhpw tIc-f-¯nepw hym]-I-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. BtKmf P\ kwJy-bpsS 4 iX-am\w t]À PohnX¯nsâ GsX-¦nepsamcp L«-¯n A\n-a skIvkn GÀs¸-Sp-t¼mÄ, ae-bm-fn-Ifpw AXn-s\m-¯p-b-cp-I-bmWv bphm-hnsâ k¦oÀW-amb am\-knI Ak-´p-en-Xm-h-Øbpw tlmÀtam¬ XIcmdp-Ifpw aqew \S¶ Cu IrXys¯ Hä-s¸« kw`-h-ambn ImWm\m-hn-Ã. ImcWw, PoÀ®-X-bmÀ¶ ]mÝmXy kwkvIm-c-¯n-sâ AÔ-amb A\p-I-cWsa¶-h-®w, kwØm-\-¯nsâ ]e `mK-§-fnepw A\n-a skIvkpw AXp-aq-eap≠mIp¶ BtcmKy {]iv\-§fpw dnt¸mÀ«v sN¿-s¸-«n-«p≠v. hyà-amb sXfnhp-I-fpsS A`mhw, ]pdw-tem-I-a-dn-bp¶ tIkp-I-fpsS F®-¡p-dhv F¶n-h-aqew Cu {]IrXn sshIrXw \nb-a-¯n\p ap¶n-se-¯p-¶n-Ã. CâÀs\äv t]mepÅ \h-am[y-a-§-fpsS Zpcp]-tbmKw A\n-a skIvkv IpäI-c-aà F¶ sXämb Nn´-bn-te-¡v bphm-¡sf F¯n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. Ata-cn-¡bn hyàn kzmX-{´y-¯n\v {]m[m\yw \ÂIn-, ]«m-f-¡mÀ¡n-S-bn A\n-a skIvkn\v \n-b-am-\p-aXn e`n-¨-sXm-gn-¨mÂ, temI-¯-nsâ asäÃm `mK¯pw CXv in£mÀl-amb Ipä-Ir-Xy-am-Wv. C´y³ in£m\nb-a-{]-Imcw arK-§Äs¡-Xn-scbp-Å {IqcXIfn Gähpw {][m-\-s¸-«-XmWv arK-§-tfmSv ImWn-¡p¶ ssewKn I Nqj-Ww. kwØm-\s¯ sat{Sm \K-c-§fn bph-P-\-§Ä¡n-S-bnepw sFSn s{]m^-j-W-ep-IÄ¡n-S-bn-ep-amWv A\n-a skIvkv {][m-\-ambpw kPo-h-ambns¡m≠n--cn¡p-¶-Xv. hntZi cmPy§-fn ]pcp-j³amcnemWv {][m-\-ambpw Cu {]h-WX I≠phcp-¶-sX-¦n tIc-f-¯n kv{XoI-fmWv CXn ap¶n«p \n ¡p¶-Xv. hnt\m-Z-¯n\p th≠nbpw BImw£ sIm≠pw A\n-a skIvkn GÀs¸-Sp¶-hcpw hnc-f-a-Ã. hfÀ¯p\mbsb apX ]iphns\ hsc C¡q-«À kz´w Xm¸-cy§Ä¡mbn NqjWw sN¿p¶p. arK-§sf ssewKn-I-ambn NqjWw sNbvXpÅ \oe-¨n{X \nÀ½m-Whpw XIr-Xn-bmWv. CXn\p ]pdsa \n ÝnX ^okv CuSm¡n arK-§sf a\pjy\p-am-bpÅ ssewKnI _Ô¯n-\mbn ]cnio-en¸n¡p¶ Øm]-\-§fpw {]hÀ¯n¨p hcp-¶p. A\n-a skIvkvþF´p-sIm≠v Cu {]h-WX? a\p-jysâ amdp¶ Pohn-X-ssi-en, hntZi kwkvIm-c-¯nsâ AÔ-amb A\pI-c-Ww, kmwkvIm-cnI A[-:]-X\w F¶nh A\n-a skIvkn\pÅ kmaq-lnI Imc-W-§-fm-Ip-t¼mÄ, tlmÀtam¬ XI-cm-dp-IÄ, Akw-Xr-]vX-amb ssewKnI Pohn-Xw, hnI-e-a-mb ssewKnI Nn´-IÄ F¶nh C¯cw {]hr¯n-¡p ]n¶nse ssPhnI Imc-W-§-fm-Ip-¶p. ssewKnI Nn´-Isf \nb-{´n-¡p¶ HmIvkn-tSmkn³, hmtkm-{]-k-n³, Cukv{S-P³ Ìntdm-bn-Up-IÄ XpS-§nb- tlmÀtamWpIfpsS hyXn-bm-\-amWv `qcn-`mKw t]scbpw A\n-a skIvkn-te¡v F¯n-¡p¶Xv. "arKo-bX' XIÀ¡p¶ BtcmKyw a\p-jy\pw arK-§-fp-am-bpÅ ssewKnI _Ôw CcpIq«À¡pw Hcp-t]m-se BtcmKy {]iv\-§fp≠m¡p-¶p. arK-§-fn CXv B{I-aW kz`mhw hÀ[n-¸n¡p-Ibpw imco-cn-Im-kzmØyw krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CtX-Xp-SÀ¶v arK-§Ä¡v thK-¯n ac-Whpw kw`-hn-¡p¶p. a\p-jy-cn-em-Is«, CXv càNw{I-aWw XI-cm-dn-em¡p¶p. BÀss{Xän-kn\pw ^vfq, t¹Kv XpS-§nb ]IÀ¨ hym[nIÄ¡pw, tlmÀtam-Wp-I-fpsS Aan-X-amb hÀ²\-hv, s]\n-b Im³kÀ XpS§nb amcI tcmK-§Ä¡pw CS-bm-¡p-¶p.

\nb-a-¯nsâ CS-s]-S-Â A\n-hmcyw hntZi kwkvIm-c-

e£van \mcm-bW³

Iu

Xp-I-¯n\pw hnt\m-Z-¯n-\p-ambn arK-§sf hfÀ¯n-bn-cp¶ Imew tIc-f-¯n \n¶pw amªp-Xp-S-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. hfÀ¯p-ar-Kambn Hma-\n¨v hfÀ¯p¶ ]q¨- apX KmÀln-I- Bh-iy-§Ä¡pw -`-t£ym¸¶§Ä¡pambn hfÀ¯p¶ ]ip-h-sc-bpÅ arK-§-fn ssewKn-IX-bpsS ]pXnb ta¨nÂ]p-d-§Ä tXSp-I-bmWv ae-bmfn kaq-lw. hntZ-i-cm-Py§-fn km[m-c-W-amb "A\n-a skIvkv' F¶ {]IrXnhncp² {]hÀ¯\w kwØm-\s¯ bph-P-\-§Ä¡n-S-bn ]pXnb {]hW-X-bm-hp-I-bm-sW¶v BtcmKycwKs¯ hnZ-Kv[À hne-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. kzhÀK-cXnbpw Ip«n-I-tfm-Sp-ff -ssew-KnI Nqj-Whpw ]n¶n«v arK-§sf t]mepw C¯-c-¯n NqjWw sN¿p¶-Xn-te¡v \½psS kwkvImcsshIrXw F¯nbncn-¡p¶p. `mcX kwkvImc{]Imcw ]ip¡-sf tZhXpey-ambn I≠v Bcm-[n-¡-Ww, F¶m ]ip-hns\ ssewKnI Nqj-W-¯n-\n-c-bm-¡n-bmtem...? Cub-Sp-¯v, tIm«-b¯v \S¶ Hcp kw`h¯nte¡v; imco-cn-Im-kzmØyw {]I-Sn-¸n¨ Hcp ] ip-hns\ PnÃ-bnse Hcp arKm-ip-]-{Xn-bn NnInÕ-¡mbn F¯n-¨p. ]cn-tim[-\-bn ]ip-hn\v "hssP-\ sImfm]vkv' h¶n-cn-¡p¶-Xmbn t_m[y-s¸-s«¦nepw ImcWw Is≠¯m-\m-bn-Ã. {]Yaip{iqj \ÂIn DS-a-Ø-t\m-sSm¸w hn«-b¨ ]ip-hns\ GXm\pw Znh-k-§Ä¡p tijw ho≠pw kam-\m-h-Ø-bn NnInÕbv-¡mbn sIm≠ph¶p. C¯-hW ]ip-hnsâ KÀ`-]m{Xw ]pd-¯p-h¶ \ne-bn-embn-cp¶p. CXnsâ ImcWw Adn-bm-\mbn ]ip-hns\ \nco-£n¨ tUmIvSdpw DS-a-Ø\pw I≠Xv cm{Xn-Im-e-§-fn ]ip-hns\ {]IrXn hncp² ssewKn-I-X-bv¡p-]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶ bphm-hn-s\-bm-Wv.

`bm-\-I-amb am\-knI Ak-´p-en-Xm-hØbmWv. ¯nsâ IS-¶p-I-b-ä-amWv amc-I-amb tcmK-s¯-¡mfpw arK-§-fp-am-bpÅ {]IrXn `oI-c-am-Wn-sX-¶mWv sshZyhncp² ssewKn-I-Xsb im-kv{X¯n ]d-bp-¶-Xv. t{]mÂkm-ln-¸n-¡p¶ {] hfÀ¯parK-§-fmWv C¯cw [m\ LS-Iw. F¶m Ipä-Ir-Xy-§Ä¡v {][m-\-am hyà-amb sXfn-hp-I-fpsS bpw Cc-bm-hp-¶-sX-¦n-epw A`mhw C¯cw ss] am\-knI AkzmØyw im-NnI IrXy§sf \nb-a_m[n¨ C¡q-«À henb arK¯n\p ap¶n kwc£n¨p §sf (]ip, IpXn-c) t]mepw tUm H Sn X¦¨³ \nÀ¯p-¶p. a\p-jy-\nse AknÌâ v t{]mPIvSv X§-fpsS ssewKnI Xm¸aqey-Nyq-Xn-bpw kwkvImc cy-§Ä¡mbn NqjWw sN¿pHm^o-kÀ, doPW iq\y-X-bp-amWv CXn-eqsS ¶-Xmbn ]d-bs¸Sp-¶p. F sF skâÀ, shfn-s¸Sp-¶-Xv. a\p-jy-þ-arK ssewKn-IX ssh¡w ]¦m-fn-IÄ IqsS-bna\p-jy-\n-epw, arK-§-fnepw ÃmsX Hä-s¸-«- PohnXw \ Hcpt]mse BtcmKy {]iv\bn-¡p-¶-hÀ, tlmÀtam¬ XI-cm-dp§-fp≠m¡p¶p. A\m-tcm-Ky-I-c-amb Å-hÀ F¶n-h-cn-emWv {][m-\-ambpw C¯cw {]h-W-X-IÄs¡-Xnsc IÀi\ C¯-c-¯n-epÅ ssewKn-I hmk\ {]I- \nba \S-]-Sn-IÄ A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. S-ambn ImWp-¶-Xv. arK-§Äs¡-Xncmb sXfn-hp-I-fpsS A]-cym-]vX-X-bpw ]pdw {Iqc-X-Ifn Gähpw `oI-c-amWv C¯-c- temI-a-dn-bp¶ tIkp-I-fpsS F®-¡p¯n-epÅ {]IrXn hncp² ssewKn-I-X. dhpw \nba \S-]-Sn-Isf _m[n-¡p-¶p. C´y³ in£m-\n-baw 377þmw hIp-¸arK-§Äs¡-Xn-sc-bp-Å {Iqc-X-IÄ, \p-k-cn-¨v, ]ngbpw 10 hÀjw ITn-\Ipäw sXfn-ªm-ep-Å in£m \S-]-SnX-S-hpw e`n-¡p¶ Ipä-Ir-Xy-am-Wn-Xv. IÄ F¶n-hsb¡pdn-s¨Ãmw t_m[-harK-§-tfm-SpÅ ssewKnI Xm¸cyhpw ¡-cWw \S-¯p-¶-Xn-eqsS am{Xta Ahsb A¯-c-¯n-ep-]-tbm-Kn-¡pC¯cw {]IrXn hncp² {]hÀ¯-\¶Xpw a\p-jy-\n I≠phcp¶ hfsc §Ä¡v A´yw Ipdn-¡m-\m-Iq.

43


F³BÀsF

Bß-k-aÀ¸Ww, bln-b-bpsS hnP-b-a{´w

koäv IhÀ \nÀ½m-W taJ-e-bn Ip¯-I-bmbn amdp-I-bmWv shÂ^n-äv {Kq¸v. 1987 Zp_mbv BØm-\-ambn {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨v C¶v anUn CuÌnepw B{^n-¡³ cmPy-§-fnepw P\-Iob {_m³Umbn amdnb sh Â^nänsâ hfÀ¨bv¡p ]n¶n amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ blnb Xf-¦c bpsS ZoÀL-ho-£-Whpw e£yw ImWpwhsc {]hÀ¯n-¡m-\pÅ a\ ÊpamWv. kz]v\-§fpw {]Xo-£-I-fpw bmYmÀ°y-am-¡m-\p-ff Bß-hnizm-k-hp-ambn Ad_n a®n hÀj-§Ä¡pap¼v Imep-Ip¯nb blnb Hcp BtKmf kwcw-`-¯nsâ A[n-]-\mbn amdnb IY C sI \yqkv _yqtdm

shÂ^nänsâ P\\w

]T-\-¯n-\p-tijw _wK-eqcp-hnse FbÀ_mKv I¼-\n-bn tPmen-¡p-t]mb blnb AhnsS\n¶pw FbÀ_mKv \nÀ ½m-W-¯n BÀÖn-s¨-Sp¯

44

sshZ-Kv[y-¯nsâ _e-¯nemWv Ad-_n-\m-«nse-¯p-¶-Xv. kz]v\-§fpw {]Xo-£-I-fp-ambn tZmlbnse-¯nb bln-bsb Im¯n-cp-¶Xv Hcp ImÀ BIvkk-dokv Øm]-\-¯nse tPmenbm-bn-cp-¶p. AhnsSh¨mWv blnb F¶ kwcw-`-I³ P\n-¡p¶-Xv. koäv I-hÀ \nÀ½m-W-¯n

se km[y-X-I-tfbpw X¶n Hfn-ªp-In-S¡p¶ Ignhp-Isfbpw Xncn-¨-dnª bln-bbpsS a\-Ên- koäv I-hÀ \nÀ½n¡p-¶-Xn-\m bn kz´-am-sbmcp _nkn-\kv XpS-§p-I-sb¶ Bibw DS-se-Sp¡pIbpw ]n¶oSv ]cn-N-b-¡mc-\mb Hcp X¿Â¡m-csâ klm-b-t¯msS koäv I-hÀ \nÀ½n-¡m³ XpS-§p-I-bpw sNbvXp. Zp_m-bn sNdnb-tXm-Xn Bcw-`n¨ koäv -I-hÀ \nÀam-W-¯n-eqsS hfÀ¨m-km-[y-X-bpÅ Hcp kwcw-`-¯n-te-¡mWv Xsâ bm{X F¶p Xncn-¨-dnª blnb ]n¶oSv tPmen Dt]-£n¨v _nkn-\-kn {i² tI{µo-I-cn-¨p. C¶v temI¯m-I-am\w hym]m-c-irw-Je-bpÅ, D]-t`m-àm¡Ä tXSn-sb-¯p¶ shÂ^n-änsâ ssP{Xbm{X Bcw`n¡p-¶Xv A§-s\-bmWv. XpS¡wapX Xs¶ KpW-\n-e-hm-c-ap-ff {_m³UUv D¸¶-§Ä D]-t`m-àm-¡-fn-se¯n-¡m³ shÂ-^näv {i² ]peÀ¯n-bn-cp-¶p. AXn-\m Npcp-§nb Ime-¯n-\p-f-fn Xs¶ D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS {i²-]n-Sn-¨p-]-äm³ shÂ^nän\v km[n¨p. KÄ^v cmPy-§-fn-eqsS \nc-´ cw k©-cn¨v Ahn-Sps¯ P\-§-fpsS hyXy kvX A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw Xm¸-cy-§fpw Bh-iy§fpw t\cn«v a\-kn-em-¡n-bm-bn-cp¶p blnb Hmtcm D¸¶hpw \nÀ½n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. X·qew Imem-\p-kr-X-amb sshhn-[y-h¡-cWw D¸¶-§fn sIm≠p-h-cm³ bmln-b-bv¡mbn. NqSv Ipd-hp-ff, s]mfnªnfIm-¯, Xnf¡w a§m¯ KpW-ta-·-bpÅ koäp-IÄ \nÀ½n-¡p¶-Xn\v {]tXyI {i² \ÂIm³ shÂ^näv Ft¸mgpw {ian-¨n-cp-¶p. KpW-ta-·-bp-ff {_m³ UUv D¸-¶-§Ä F´p-hn-e-sIm-Sp¯pw kz´am-¡p¶ ioe-ap-ff KÄ^v P\X shÂ^n-äns\ c≠v I¿pw \o«n kzoI-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. tIc-f-¯n-te-¡pÅ Xncn-¨p-h-chv ImÀ D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS F®w hfsc thK-¯n hÀ²n-¡p-¶Xpw hntZi tamUep-IÄ¡v h³ Unamâp-f-f-Xp-amWv tIc-f-¯nte¡v {]hÀ¯\w hym]n-¸n-¡m³ blnbsb t{]cn-¸n-¨-Xv. CXnsâ `mK-ambn Im¡-\mSv {] tXyI km¼-¯nI taJ-e-bnepw (skkv) sImc-«n-bnse In³{^m ]mÀ¡nepw ^mIvS-dnIÄ Bcw-`n-¨p. tIc-f-¯n-te¡v koäv I-hÀ Cd-¡p-aXn sNbvXn-cp-¶Xv UÂln, bp]n, _wKeqcp XpS-§nbnS-§-fn \n¶m-bn-cp¶p. AXn {_m³UUv D¸-¶-§Ä Xosc Ipd-hpambncp¶p. tIc-fo-bÀ¡v CXn-s\-¡p-dn-¨v th≠{X ]cn-Úm\w D­­≠mbn-cp-¶nÃ. ]pXnb tamU h≠nIÄ hn]-Wn-bn-end§p-¶p≠m-bn-cp-s¶¦nepw {_m³UUv koäv -I-h-dp-Isf¡p-dn¨v aebmfn kaq-l-¯n\v A{X [mc-W-bn-Ãm-bn-cp-¶p. CXv apX-se-Sp-¯mWv tIc-f-¯n shÂ^näv Øm\-ap-d-¸n-¨-Xv. C¶v tIc-f-¯n shÂ^näv koävI-h-dp-IÄ¡v h³ Unamâpf-f-Xmbn blnb ]d-bp-¶p. sImc-«n-bnse ^mIvS-dnbn 30,000¯ne-[nIw koäv I-h-dp-I-fmWv D¸m-Zn¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. C¶v B{^n-¡, Cdm-¡v, djy, Pnknkn F¶n-hn-S-§-fnte¡v shÂ^näv koäv IhÀ \nÀ ½n¨v Ib-äp-a-Xn-sN-¿p-¶p. {]Xn-amkw 25,000

koäv Ih-dp-IÄ hsc \nÀ½n-¡m-hp¶ ^pÅn Hmt«m-ta-j³ coXn-bn-emWv I¼-\n-I-sfÃmw Xs¶ cq]I¸\ sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. PÀ½-\nbnÂ\n¶pw Cd-¡p-aXn sN¿p¶ saäo-cn-b D]-tbm-Kn¨v shÂ^näv hnI-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¡p¶ seXÀ S¨v D]-tbm-Kn-¨pÅ koäv I-h-dpIÄ¡mWv anUn CuÌn Gä-hp-a-[nIw Bh-iy-¡mÀ. _nkn-\-kn t\cn-Sp¶ {][m\ shÃp-hnfn sXmgn-emfn£ma-am-sW¶pw blnb ]d-bp¶p. ""C¶s¯ Xe-apd hnZym-k-¼-¶-cmWv. X¿Â taJ-e-bn-te¡v AhÀ {i² tI{µoI-cn-¡n-Ã. Ìn¨nwKv Adn-bp-¶-hsc C¶v In«m-\p anÃ. ]gb X¿Â¡msc Is≠¯n Ahsc ] cn-io-en-¸n-s¨-Sp-¡p-I-bm-Wv ]Xn-hv,'' blnb hni-Z-am-¡p¶p. Bß-k-aÀ¸-WamWv hnP-ba{´w ""Bß-k-aÀ¸Ww, Fsâ hnP-b-¯nsâ clkyw AXm-Wv. GsXmcp taJ-e-bn-em-sW¦nepw {]hr-¯n-bnemsW¦nepw BZyw th≠Xv Bß-k-aÀ¸-W-am-Wv. \n§-fpsS A`n-cp-Nn¡\pk-cn-¨p-ff kwcw-`-§Ä am{Xta XpS-§mhq. _nkn-\-Ênsâ Npa-Xe Bsc G¸n-¨p-I-gnªmepw F{X Xnc-¡m-sW-¦nepw AXn-te¡v \n§-fpsS Hcp I®pth-Ww. Rm³ Fhn-sS-bmsW-¦nepw F{X Xnc-¡nemsW-¦nepw _nkn\-Ênsâ FÃm cwK¯pw {i² sNep-¯mdp≠v. ]pXn-b-Xmbn F¯p¶ Poh-\-¡mÀ¡v Ign-bp¶hn[w Fsâ A\p-`-h-§fpw Adnhpw Rm³ ]IÀ¶p \ÂIm-dpap≠v. tPmen-¡mcp-ambn \à kulrZw h¨p]peÀ¯pIbpw sN¿pw. \ap-¡pÅ Hmtcm Ah-kchpw ssZhw Im-Wn-¨p-X-cp-t¼mÄ AXv Is≠¯n ^e-{]Z-ambn hn\n-tbm-Kn-¡m-\pÅ N¦qäw thWw. IqsS ITn-\-{]-b-Xv\hpw hnPbw ImWpwhsc A[zm-\n-¡m-\pÅ a\Êp-aps≠-¦n hnPbw kp\n-Ýn-Xw,'' blnb ]d-bp-¶p.


kv{Xoiàn _nknP Db-c-§ n {Kq¸ns\ tcJ _-fn-se-¯n¨ hnP m_p-hnsâ

-b-a-{

2003 apX 2012 hsc-bpÅ 9 hÀj§Ä _nknPn {Kq¸n \pw tcJ _m_p-sh¶ kwcw-`-Ibv¡pw t\«-§-fp-tSXv am{X-am-Wv. _nknPn _nÂtUgvkv F¶ BZy kwcw`¯n\v 2003 XpS-¡-an« tcJ _m_p C¶v tlm«Â, hnZym-`ym-kw, BtcmKyw F¶o taJ-e-I-fn-te¡pw _n kn-\kv hym]n-¸n-¨p Ignªp. lmÀ_Àhyq tlm«Â, KmÀUn-b³ ]»nIv kvIqÄ, _nknPn sl¯v hntÃ-Pv... tcJbpsS anI-hn ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯nb kwcw-`-§Ä \n c-h[n. CXn\p ]pdsa FaÀPnMv tIcf \nt£]I kwKa-¯n 335 tImSn -cq-]-bpsS BtcmKy hnI-k\ ]²-Xnapt¶m«psh¨ _nknPn {Kq¸v hb\mSv BØm-\-ambn 12 tImSn cq] {]mY-anI \nt£-]-¯n BbpÀthZ tImsfPpw XpS-§m\p-ff Xbm-sd-Sp-¸n-emWv e£van \mcm-bW³, kpanX sI

bm

Zr-Ýn-I-am-bn«m-bn-cp¶p kwcw-`-I-tem-I-t¯-¡p-ff tcJ _m_phnsâ ImÂhbv¸v. dnb FtÌäv taJ-e-bp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp¶ ]nXm-hns\ klmbn-¡m³ ]²-XnIÄ X¿m-dm-¡p-I-bpw \nÀ½m-W-¯n\v taÂt\m«w hln-¡p-I bpw sNbvXn-cp¶p tcJbpw ktlm-Zcn tcWp-hpw. ]T-\-tijw Cu taJ-e-bn IqSp-X kabw sNe-h-gn-t¡≠n h¶XmWv sI«nS \nÀ½mW cwKs¯ A\-´-km-[y-X-IÄ Xncn-¨-dn-bm³ tcJsb klm-bn-¨-Xv. XpSÀ¶v Cu cwKs¯ Ipdn¨v Bg-¯n  ]Tn-¡p-I-bpw hcpw-Ime hn]Wn km[y-X-IÄ hne-bn-cp-¯p -Ibpw sNbvXp. B{Klw ho«n Adn-bn-¨-t¸mÄ ]qÀ®]n-´pWbpw e`n¨p. A§s\bmWv 2003  sIm¨n BØm-\-ambn _nknPn {Kq¸v ]nd-hn-sb-Sp-¡p-¶Xv. ""Aѳ sNbvXp sIm≠n cp¶ s{]mPIvSv ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡nb tijw Hcn-S-thf h¶p, H¶pw sN¿m-\n-ÃmsX Ccnt¡≠n h¶ B AhØ krjvSn¨ aSp¸n \n¶p-amWv _nknPn _nÂtUgvkv F¶ Bibw P\n¡p-¶-Xv. ktlm-Zcn tcWp _m_p Hcp knhn F³Pn-\o bÀ BsW-¶Xv F\n¡v IqSp-X Bß-hn-izmkw \ÂIn. sI«n-S-§-fpsS Unssk-\nw-Kv, \nÀ½mWw XpS§nb Npa-X-eIÄ AhÀ¡v XnIª anI-thmsS sN¿m-\m-Ip-am-bn-cp-¶p. Fw_nF _ncp-Z-[m-cn-bmb Rm³ amÀ¡-änw-Kn AXoh X¸c-bm-Wv, AXn-\m Xs¶ \nÀ½n-¨ sI«n-S-§Ä¡v hn]Wn km[yX Is≠¯m-\m-Ip-sa¶v F\n¡v Dd-¸p≠mbncp¶p. Cu Bß-hn-izm-k-amWv C¶v ImWp¶ _nknPn {Kq¸nsâ FÃmhn[ hfÀ¨bv¡pw ]n¶nÂ,'' _nknPn {Kq¸nsâ No^v FIvknIyq«ohv Hm^o-kÀ Øm\-¯n-cn-¡p¶ tcJ ]d-bp-¶p. 2003 tcJ s{IUm-bn-bn AwK-Xz-sa-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ aäp h\nXm {]Xn-\n-[n-Isfm¶pw Xs¶ kwL-S-\-bnep≠mbncp¶n-Ã. A¶v 10þ15 AwK-§Ä am{Xw D≠mbncp¶ s{IUm-bv tIcf Nm]vä-dn C¶v sIm¨n-bn- am{X-ambn 75e[nIw AwK§-fp≠v. F¶m h\nX AwK-§-fpsS F®-¯n am{Xw bmsXmcp amähpw h¶n-«nÃ. ]pcpjm-[n-]Xy taJ-e-bmbn IW¡m-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ sI«nS \nÀ½mW cwK¯v thdn« i_vZ-am-Im³ tcJsb klm-bn-¨Xv sXmgn-en B¬-þ-s]¬ hyXym-k-ansö Nn´-bpw Bß-hn-izm-k-hp-am-Wv. hyXy-kvX-amb kao-]-\w, thdn« hyànXzw _nkn-\-kn hnP-b-¯n\v Ipdp-¡p-h-gn-I-tfm, kq{XhmIy§-tfm CÃ. anI¨ t\Xr-]mSh¯n-eqsS hnI-kn-¸n-s¨-Sp-¡p¶ Nn«-bmb {]hÀ¯-\-ssi-en, kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-cpsS ]qÀW klI-c-Ww, IrXy-ambn Bkq-{XWw sNbvX ]²-Xn-IÄ, ]pXn b kwcw-`-§sf¡pdn-¨pÅ hyà-amb Adnhv F¶n-h-bmWv tcJsb¶ kwcw-`-Isb thdn«p \nÀ¯p-¶-Xv. _nkn-\-kn-\I¯pw ]pd¯pw ]cn-N-b-¡m-tcm-Spw kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-tcmSpw D]-t`m-àm¡-tfmSpw ]peÀ¯p¶ kulr-Zw, F´p hne-sImSp¯pw \ne-\nÀ¯p¶ _Ô-§Ä, ]pXnb ]²-Xn-IÄ¡p ap¼mbn aäp-Å-h-cpsS A`n{]mbw tXSp-¶-Xn-\pÅ k¶-²-X... XpS-§n-b-h-sbÃmw tcJsb hyXy-kvX-bm¡p¶p. _nknPn {Kq¸nsâ {]nb-s¸« knCH knCH tcJ _m_p, _nknPn {Kq¸nse sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ¡v IÀ¡-i-¡m-cn-bmb taep-tZym-K-Ø-b-Ã, adn¨v kplr¯pw

IpSpw-_mw-K-hp-am-Wv. I¼\n amt\-Pvsaânepw `cW {]hÀ¯-\-§-fnepw tcJ kzoIcn¡p-¶- thdn« kao-]-\-amWv CXn-\p-Im-c-Ww. ""Rm³ Fsâ sXmgn-emfnItfmSv hfsc P\m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-amb kao]-\-amWv kzoI-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. 9.30 apX 6 aWn hscbmWv _nknPn {Kq¸nse {]hÀ¯\ ka-bw. 6 aWn¡ptijw\n¶v HmhÀssSw tPmen sN¿p¶-Xns\ Rm³ Hcn-¡epw t{]mÕm-ln-¸n-¡m-dn-Ã. ImcWw, FÃm-hÀ¡pw kz´w IpSpw-_hpw hyàn]-c-amb Imcy-§-fpap≠v. IÀ¡-i-ambn H¶pw Rm³ ASn-t¨Â¸n-¡m-dn-Ã, sXmgn-en Rm³ ]qÀW kzmX{´yw \ÂIp-¶p. Fhn-sS-sh-¨v, Ft¸mÄ tPm en XoÀ¡p¶p F¶v Rm³ Nn´n-¡m-dn-Ã, Hu«v]p«v am{X-amWv F\n¡v {][m-\w. AtXm-sSm¸w R§fpsS Soan\p h¶ sXäp-IÄ AwKo-I-cn-¡p¶-Xn Rm³ hnapJX Im«m-dn-Ã. XpSÀ¶phcp¶ NÀ¨-Ifn Cu sXäpIÄ¡v R§Ä Iq«mbn ]cn-lmcw Is≠¯p¶p...'' tcJ ]d-bp¶p. aäp kwcw-`-§-fn-te-¡pÅ Nph-Sp-amäw 25tesd ]²-Xn-I-Ä tIc-f-¯n bmYmÀ°y-am¡n-s¡m≠v _nknPn _nÂtU-gvkns\ h³ hnP-b¯n-se-¯n-¡m³ tcJ-bv¡m-bn. aWn-¸m k12þ]n tb-gvk¬ {Kq¸p-ambn tNÀ¶v 8 amk-¯n-\Iw _n

´-§Ä `mhn]² hyà-am XnIsf Ipdn-¨ pÅ sXäp-I-t b ]T-\w tfmSpw kfmSpw ]cm-P-b sSbpÅ a-Nn-¯Xtbm-§]ng-hp-I kao-]\w Ä I ≠ Xncp-¯ dnªv hn]Wn m-\pÅ a\-kv \nt£] Xncn¨dnªv hn]-Wns n-¡pI, Xo{h-am b Ipdn¨v ]Tn¡ pI X{´-§b hn]-W\ Ä

knPn {Kq¸v 2 kvIqfp-IÄ¡v XpS-¡-an-«p-I-gnªp. BtcmKycwK¯v tlman-tbm-¸-Xn-bpsS km[y-XIsf¡pdn¨v \S-¯nb amk-§Ä\o≠ ]T-\-¯ns\m-Sp-hn XpS-¡-an« _nknPn AÀYv tlman-tbm¸Xn Ignª 5 amk-¯n-\p-Ån kwØm-\¯v Xp d-¶Xv 8 tI{µ-§Ä. HIvtäm-_-dn ]pXnb 4 tI{µ§Ä IqSn {]hÀ¯-\amcw-`n¡pw. ASp-¯nsS-thZ ssh-Zy-ime F¶ t]cn sIm¨n tI{µo-I-cn¨v B bpÀthZ NnInÕmcwK-t¯¡pw {Kq¸v {]th-in-¨p. `mhn ]²-Xn-IÄ kwcw-`-IXzw Hcp el-cn-bmbn amdnb tcJbv¡v HmtcmZnh-khpw ]pXnb _nkn-\kv Bi-b-§-fptSXm-Wv. _nknPn _nÂtU-gvknsâ \ne-hnse {]hÀ¯-\-§fn ]qÀ® Xr]vX-bmb tcJ, BtcmKycwK¯v IqSp-X {i² ]Xn-¸n-¡m-\mWv Dt±-in-¡p-¶-Xv. CXn-\mbn hb-\mSv BØm-\-ambn 12 tImSn cq] {]mY-anI \nt£-]-¯n BbpÀthZ tImsfPv Bcw`n¡pw. sl¯v hntÃPv F¶ ]pXnb ]²Xn kwØm-\¯v bmYmÀ°y-am-Ip-¶-Xn-\mbn 335 tImSn cq]-bpsS \nt£-]-amWv "FaÀPnMv tIcf' \nt£-]I kwK-a-¯n _nknPn {Kq¸v apt¶m«ph¨n-cn¡p¶-Xv.

45


amt\-Pvsaâv

sXmgnÂ

a\x-iàn hÀ²n-¸n¨v

hnP-bhpw Bkzm-Z-\hpw

Pohn-X-hn-Pbw t\Sm³

sN

tUm F-kv Pn _nPp, sPknsF ss{]w ]-cn-io-eI³

¿p¶ sXmgn-tem, kzbw-sXm-gntem AXpa-sÃ-¦n _nÊn-\tÊm Hs¡ Bkz-Zn¨psIm≠v hnP-bn-¡pI F¶Xv A]qÀÆ-am-Wv. aäp-Å-hsc-s¡m≠v sXmgn sN¿n-¡pI F¶Xv Hcp Iebm-Wv. {][m-\ambpw 4 Xc-¯nepÅ Imcy-§Ä BWv \mw sNbvXp-h-cp-¶-Xv.

\ap¡v km[n-¡m-¯h (Incompetent) \ap¡v km[n¡p-¶h (competent) anI¨ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä (Exed) AXp-ey-am-bXv (Unique)

km[n-¡m¯h \ap¡v km[n-¡m-¯h \mw sN¿msX Ccn-¡p-¶-XmWv \ÃXv. Akm[yw Fs¶m¶v CÃ. ] t£, Nne sNdnb Imcy-§Ä \ap¡v `wKn-bmbn sN¿p-hm³ Ign-bm-¯h Bbn-cn-¡pw. DZm-l-c-W¯n\v Hcp Hm^okv \¶mbn amt\Pv sN¿p-hm³ Adn-bm-hp¶ HcmÄ¡v kz´w hkv{Xw CkvXncn CSp-hm-t\m, Hcp \à Nmb D≠m¡phmt\m Adn-ªp-sIm-ÅW-sa¶n-Ã. Cu tPmen asäm-cmsf G¸n¨m A\m-h-iy-amb \ncmi Hgn-hmbn In«p-Ibpw Pohn-X-¯n HcmfpsS IqSn kl-I-cWw D≠mIpIbpw sN¿pw.

km[n-¡p-¶h CXv \mw kaÀ°-ambn sN¿p¶ Imcy-§Ä BWv. DZm-l-c-W-¯n\v ss{Uhnw-Kv. hfsc kaÀ°-ambn ss{Uhv sN¿p¶ F{Xtbm \à knCH-am-cp≠v. ]t£, F{X Ah-sc-¡mÄ kaÀ°-cmb ss{UhÀamÀ tdmUn D≠v. Hcp aÕc-¯n\v X¿m-sd-Sp¯v am{Xta aÕ-cm-Sn-Øm-\-¯n-epÅ Imcy-§Ä¡v Cd-§m-hq. C¯cw Imcy§Ä¡v kaÀ°-cm-b-hsc \ntbm-Kn-¡p¶-hÀ A\m-hiy aÂk-c-§-fpsS ]ncnap-dp-¡-¯n \n¶pw c£-s¸«v kz´w sXmgn-ens\ Bkz-Zn¨p apt¶-dpw.

anI¨ {]hÀ¯\w aäpÅ-hÀ \n§sf ]qÀ®-ambpw AwKo-I-cn-¡p¶ Hcp {]hÀ¯\w BWv CXv. \n§-fpsS {]hÀ¯-\¯n AXnsâ ^ew kzoI-cn-¡p-¶hÀ ]qÀ® Xr]vXÀ Bbn-cn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. NnInÕ, ]cn-io-e-\w, Imä-dnwKv F¶o hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fn Nnc-{]-XnjvT t\Snb {_m³Up-IÄ Bbn amdp-t¼mÄ BWv anI¨ {] hÀ¯\w AXnsâ ]cn-k-am-]vXn-bn-se¯p-¶Xv. F¶m Ime {ItaW {_m³Up-IÄ KpW-\n-e-hmcw \jvSs¸«v hn]-Wn-bn Xmtg¡v t]mIp-¶Xpw A]qÀÆ-a-Ã. tkh\

46

kzoIÀ¯m-¡-fpsS Akw-Xr]vXn aqe-aà ]e-t¸mgpw A§s\ kw`hn-¡p-¶Xv. tkh\ZmXm-¡-fp-sS-bpw, Ønc-ambn sXmgn sN¿p-¶-h-cpsSbpw BhÀ¯\ hnc-k-Xbn sN¿p¶ tPmen-bn-epw, ]pd-¯n-d-§p¶ {_m³Up-I-fnepw {Inbm-ß-IX \ jvS-s¸-«v, kzbw ]g-©-\mbn Xocp¶Xv aqe-am-Wn-Xv. Hcp _nHSn t]mse A©phÀjw Ign-bp-t¼mÄ tPmentbm {_m³tUm ssIamdn ]pXn-bXv Nn´n¡p-¶-XmWv \Ã-Xv.

AXp-ey-am-bXv GXv sXmgn sN¿p-¶ Bfpw Htct]mse Bkz-Zn-¡p¶ {]hr¯nbmWnXv. ao³ apdn-¡p¶Xp apX D]-{Kl hnt£-]Ww hsc AXp-ey-amb coXn-bn sN¿p-¶-hÀ D≠v. sN¿p¶ sXmgn Hmtcm \nan-jhpw Bkz-Zn¡p-Ibpw A\p-Zn\w hyXy-kvX-ambn sN¿p-IbpamsW-¦n AXv AXp-eyam-Ipw. Hmtcm {]mhiyhpw {Inbm-ßI-amb amä-§-tfmsS kz´w {]hÀ¯n sN¿p-t¼mÄ BhÀ¯\ hnc-kX D≠mInà F¶p am{X-aà \mw \ ÂIp¶ tkh\w A-sÃ-¦n D¸¶w AXv kzoI-cn-¡p¶ Bfnepw AÛpXw IeÀ¶ D±o-]-\-§Ä Df-hm-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. C¯cw {]hÀ¯n-Ifpw 80% am{Xw sNbvXm aXn-bm-Ipw. F¦nse sXmgnense Bkzm-ZyX \ne-\nÀ¯phm\mIq.

{]ikvX ssa³Uv]-hÀ s{Sbn-\-dmb tUm ]n ]n hnP-bsâ a\x-iàn F¶ hnP-b-a{´w, tImSo-iz-c-\mImw a\x-i-àn-bn-eq-sS, a\Êv amämw hnPbw t\Smw, e£y-¯nte¡v ]pXnb a\-Êp-ambn F¶o \mev {KÙ-§Ä a\-Ênsâ iàn hÀ²n-¸n-¨v PohnXhnPbw t\Sp¶Xns\¡pdn¨mWv {][m-\-ambpw NÀ¨-sN¿p¶Xv C sI \yqkv _yqtdm

D

]-t_m-[-a-\-Ênsâ A\´-am-b iàn Xncn¨-dn-ªv AXv Pohn-X-hnP-b-¯n\v {]tbmP-\-s¸Sp-¯n hnkva-bn-¸n-¡p¶ t\«§fp≠m¡p-¶-hÀ temI-P-\-kw-Jy-bn Hcp iX-am-\-t¯m-fta hcq. _m¡n 99 iX-am\w t] tUm ]n cpw sNdnb hnPbap≠m¡p-Itbm ]cm-P-b-s¸-SpItbm am{Xw sN¿p-¶p. ImcWw, kz´w D]-t_m-[-a-\-Ênsâ iàn-hntijw F§s\ {]tbmP-\-s¸-Sp-¯W-sa¶v AhÀ¡-dn-bn-Ã. a\-Ênsâ iàn hÀ²n-¸n-¡p-¶sX-§s\ F¶ At\z-j-W-amWv tUm ]n ]n hnP-b³ a\x-iàn ] c-¼-c-bn {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨n-«pÅ \m ep ]pkvX-I-§Ä-þa\x-iàn F¶ hnP-b-a-{´w, tImSo-iz-c-\mImw a\xi-àn-bn-eq-sS, a\Êv amämw hnPbw t\Smw, e£y-¯n-te¡v ]pXnb a\Êp-ambnþ \S-¯p-¶-Xv. a\ÊnÂ\n¶p cq]-s¸-Sp¶ temIw Cu temIw a\pjya\-Ênsâ krjvSn-bmWv. temI-¯n C¶p \mw ImWp¶ AÛp-X-I-c§-fmb I≠p-]n-Sn-¯-§fpw ]Sp-Iq-ä³ sI«nS§fpsams¡ a\p-jy-a-\-Ên \n¶v cq]-s¸-«-Xm-Wv. AXn-\m  a\-Ênsâ iàn hÀ²n-¸n-¨m k´p-jvShpw hnP-bIc-hp-amb PohnXw sI«n-¸-Sp-¡m-\m-hpw. a\xiàn F¶ hnP-b-a{´¯n C¡mcyw {KÙ-Im-c³ hyà-am¡p¶p. a\p-jy-a-\-Êns\ {]]-©k-¯-bn \n¶v thdn« H¶mbn ImWp-¶nà F¶XmWv a\-Ên-s\¸änbpÅ `mcXo-b a\x-imkv{X- kn²m-´-§-fpsS ImX F¶ {KÙIm-csâ \nco-£Ww {it²-b-am-Wv. a\xiàn sIm≠v Pohn-X-¯n apt¶-dm\pw t\cm-b- amÀK-¯neqsS [\-k-¼m-Z\w \S-¯m-\papÅ hnhn[ X{´-§-sf-¡p-dn¨mWv tImSo-iz-c-\mImw a\x-i-àn-bn-eqsS F¶ c-≠m-as¯ ]pkvX-I-¯n {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p-¶Xv. \·-\n-dª {] hr¯n-bn-eqsS [\w k¼m-Zn-¡pIbpw AXn-semcp ]¦v kaq-l¯n\p Xncn¨p \ÂIp-Ibpw sNt¿≠-Xnsâ {]m[m\yw {KÙ-Im-c³ FSp¯pIm«p-¶p. {]i-kvX-cmb h\nXm kwcw-`-IÀ, C´ybnepw tIc-f-¯n-epw tImSo-iz-c- ]-Z-hn-bnte¡v F¯n-t¨À-¶-hÀ, Zmcn-{Zy¯nsâ ]Sp-Ip-gn-bnÂ\n¶v CÑmi-àn-tbmsS {]hÀ¯n¨v DbÀ¶ Pohn-X-hn-Pbw t\Sn-b-hÀ XpS§nbh-sc-¡p-dn-¨pÅ teJ-\-§fpw {it²b-cmb iX-tIm-So-iz-c-³am-sc-¡p-dn-

¨pÅ IY-Ifpw Cu ]pkvX-I-¯n-ep-≠v. a\Êv dot{]m{Kmw sNbvXv hnPbw t\Sp¶sX-§-s\-sb-¶mWv a\Êv amämw hnPbw t\Smw F¶ ]pkvXI-¯n {KÙ-Im-c³ hni-I-e\w sN¿p-¶-Xv. a\-Ênsâ LS-\, a\ Êv dot{]m{Kmw sN¿p]n hnP-b³ ¶-sX-§-s\, AXn\p klm-bn-¡p¶ am\-kn-I -{]-{Inb-IÄ Fs´ms¡ F¶n-§-s\-bpÅ hnj-b-§-fpw dot{]m-{Km-anwKn hmb-\-¡mÀ¡v klm-b-I-c-amb 237 ZrV -{]-XnÚmhm-Iy§fpw Cu ]pkvX-I-¯n \ÂIn-bn-«p-≠v. "e£y-¯n-te¡v ]pXnb a\-Êpambn' F¶ \mem-as¯ ]pkvX-I¯n- Pohn-X-hn-P-b-¯nte-¡pÅ {]bm-W-¯n {i²n-t¡≠ e£y\nÀ®-bw, hyàn-Xz-hn-i-I-e-\w, ssSw amt\-Pvsaâ v apX-emb hnj-b§fmWv NÀ¨ sN¿p¶Xv. AtXmsSm¸w \ÂIn-bn«pÅ tUm]v sSÌv, ]mj³ sSÌv, sse^v ssk¡nÄ sSÌv apX-embh hmb-\-¡mÀ¡v kzbw iànZuÀ-_-ey§Ä Xncn-¨-dnbm³ klmbn-¡pw. DZm-lc-W-§fpw D²-c-Wn-Ifpw {]]©-¯nse Gähpw henb iàn-t{km-X-Êmb a\-Ênsâ {] hÀ¯-\-sa-§s\ \nb-{´n-¡msa¶ am\ph Xbm-dm-¡-emWv bYmÀ° a\x-iàn ]cn-io-e\ sa¶v tUm hnP-b³ ]d-bp-¶p. Cu hnj-b-¯nsâ hnhn-[-h-i-§-sf-¡pdn¨v- ka-{K-ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-¡p¶ BZys¯ ]cn-{i-aamWv Cu ]pkvX-I-§Ä. AXp-sIm≠p Xs¶ Ch a\x-im-kv{X-Nn-´I³amcp-sSbpw Pohn-X-hn-Pbw Imw£n¡p¶hcpsSbpw khntij{i² BIÀjn-¡pw. A´m-cm-jv{S-Xe-¯n \nc-h[n a\-xi-àn- ]-cn-io-e-\-]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ \S¯n {it²-b-\mb tUm ]n ]n hnP-b³ a\x-i-àn-bpsS A\--´-km²y-X-I-sf-¸än ZoÀL\m-fmbn Kthj-W-]-T-\-§Ä \S-¯n-s¡m-≠n-cn¡p-IbmWv. a\-kp-ambn _Ô-s¸« hnj-b§fnepff tUm hnP-bsâ Adnhpw A\p-`-h-]-cn-Nbhpw Cu {KÙ-§fpsS B[n-Im-cn-IX hÀ²n¸n-¡p-¶p-. Xsâ ]cn-io-e-\-]-cn-]mSn-I-fn ]s¦-Sp-¯n-«pÅ ]e-cpsS-bpw- A-\p-`-hI-Y-IÄ At±lw kµÀt`m-Nn-X-ambn Cu ]pkvX-I¯n tNÀ¯n-«p-≠v. AXp-t]m se {]i-kvX§fmb D²c-Wn-Ifpw [m-cmfw tam«n-th-j-W IY-I-fpw \mep ]pkvX-I-§-fnepw \ÂIn-bn«p-ap-≠v.


t^m¡kv tIcf

Adp-]-Xnsâ \nd-hn Idâv _pIvkv 1952- {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨ Idâ v _pIvkns\ C´y³ {]km-[I cwKs¯ AXn-Im-b-s\¶v hnti-jn-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ Unkn _pIvkv Øm]-I³ Un kn Ing-s¡-apdn 1977 Gsä-Sp¯tXmsS- ]pkvX-I- -{]-km-[\þhn]-W-\-cw-K¯v ]pXn-sbmcp A²ymbw Bcw-`n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p

A£-c-§-fp-sSbpw Adnhnsâbpw hmXmb-\-§Ä ae-bm-fnIÄ¡p ap¶n Xpd-¶n«

Unkn _pIvkv IpSpw-_-¯nsâ `mK-amb Idâ v _pIvkv Adp-]-Xnsâ \nd-hn-Â. ]n Fw tXma-knsâ t\Xr-Xz-¯n {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp¶ XriqÀ \Sp-hn-em ]cn-k-cs¯ ]o ¸nÄkv _p¡vlukv tXmakv ap≠tÈcn Gsä-Sp¯v Idâ v _pIvkv F¶v ]p\À\m a-I-cWwsNbvXv 1952 {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¨-tXmsSbmWv Idâ v _pIvknsâ Ncn{Xw Bcw-`n-¡p-¶Xv. {]hÀ¯\w Bcw-`n¨v Hcp hÀj-¯n-\p-Ån Xs¶ ae-bmfw ]p kvX-I-§-tfm-sSm¸w hntZi§fnÂ\n-¶pÅ {][m-\-s¸« ]pkvX-I-§fpw hn¸-\bv¡p h¨v Idâ v _pIvkv Ncn{Xw Ipdn¨p. 1954em Wv {]km-[I cwK-t¯¡v Idâ v _pIvkv Im se-Sp-¯p-sh-¡p-¶-Xv. Nnc-{]-Xn-jvT-cmb \nc -h[n Fgp-¯p-Im-cpsS BZy-Ir-Xn-IÄ {]kn²o-I-cn-¨p-sIm≠v {]km-[-\-cw-K-¯v ]pXnsbmcp ]Ùmhv sh«n-¯p-d-¡phm³ Idâ v _pIvkn\v km[n-¨p. 1958 tImgn-t¡m-«pw 1965 Fd-Wm-Ipf¯pw Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c¯pw 1967 tIm«b¯pw Xe-tÈ-cn-bnepw Idâ v_pIvknsâ imJ-IÄ Bcw-`n-¨p. C´y-bn ]pkvXI{] km-[\ cwK¯v X\-Xmb hyàn-ap{Z ]Xn¸n¨ sUman-\nIv Nmt¡m Ing-s¡-apdn 1974 HmKÌv 28-\v Unkn _pIvkv Bcw-`n-¡p-Ibpw 1977 \hw-_À H¶n\v Idâ v _pIvkv Gsä-Sp¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. CtXmSpIqSn ]pkvXI-{]km-[-\-þ-hn-]-W-\-cw-K¯v ]pXn-sbmcp

A²ymbw Bcw-`n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p Unkn _pIvkv. 1992 tIhew 15 imJ-I-fmWp-≠m-bn-cp-¶-sX-¦n 2012 Bb-t¸mÄ hntZi cmPy-§-fneS¡w 42 imJ-I-fmbn F®w hÀ²n-¨p. HcphÀj-¯n-\p-f-fn F«v imJIÄ IqSn Bcw-`n-¨-v Idâ v _pIvknsâ hnXcW irwJe tIc-f-¯n hn]p-e-s¸-Sp-¯m-\pff ]²-Xn-bn-emWv Unkn _pIvkv. CXp-hsc Unkn _pIvkvþIdâ v _pIvkn-tâ-Xmbn 17000t¯mfw ]pkvX-I-§Ä {]kn-²o-I-cn-¡-s¸-«p. 1975 Sn cma-enwKw]nÅ-bpsS ae-bmf ssieo \nL≠phpw Bimsâ ]Zy-Ir-Xn-I-fpam-bn-cp¶p Unkn _pIvkv {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨ _rlZv{KÙ-§Ä. 1976 cma-enw-Kw-]n-f-f -bpsS Cw¥ojv-þ-Cw-¥ojv-þ-a-e-bmfw \nL≠-p aq¶p hmey-§-fmbn {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨p. AtXhÀjw Xs¶-bmWv {^oUw Aäv anUvss\änsâ ae-bmf ]cn-`mj "kzmX{´yw AÀ²cm-{Xn-bnepw' "75 Xpf-fÂIr-Xn-Ifpw' {] kn-²o-I-cn-¨-Xv. C¶v ae-bm-f-¯n {] kn-²o-I-cn-¡p¶ {][m\ ]pkvX-I-§-fn 80 iX-am\hpw Unkn _pIvkn-eq-sS-bm-Wv hmb\-¡m-cn-se-¯p-¶Xv. tIc-f-¯nse ]pkvXI hn¸-\-bpsS 70 iX-am\w ]pkvX-I-§Ä Unkn _pIvkvþI-dâ v _pIvkv imJ-I-fn-eqsS hn¸\ sN¿-s¸-Sp-¶-h-bm-Wv. hmb-\sb P\-Io-b-h¡-cn-¡p-¶-Xn Unkn _pIvkv hln¨ ]¦v \nÀ®m-b-I-am-bn-cp-¶p. kaql¯nse Gähpw Xmsg-¯-«n Pohn-¡p-¶hÀ¡p-hsc hmb-\-bpsS A\p-`qXn ]IÀ¶p \ÂIpIsb¶ e£y-hpambn {]bmWw XpScp-I-bmWv ]pkvX-I-tem-Is¯ AXn-Im-b-À.

Idâ v _p-Iv-kv tjmdqw (Fw-Un-kn skâÀ, tIm«-bw) 1978 H-tÎm-_À 11\v P-kv-än-kv ]n N-{µ-ti-J-c ta-t\m³ D-Zv-Lm-S-\w-sN-¿p¶p. Un kn Ing-s¡-apdn, sI Fw amXyp F-¶n-hÀ k-ao]w.

]pkvX-I-§Ä

{]N-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xn\pw hmb\-¡m-cn-te¡v F¯n-¡p-¶Xn\pw A\pZn\w tIcf-¯n ]pkvX-I-kw-kvImcw hfÀ¯p-¶-Xn\pw Idâ v _pIvkv hln-¡p¶ ]¦v AXy´w ÇmL-\o-b-am-Wv. FÃm PnÃmþ-Xm-eq¡v BØm-\-§-fnepapff Idâ v _pIvknsâ km¶n[yw ]pkvX-I§sf P\-Io-bh¡-cn-¡p-¶-Xn\v Gsd klm-b-I-am-bn-«p≠-v. k¨n-Zm-\-µ³

hmb-\- BtLm-j-am-¡m³ Unkn ]pkvXtImÕhw hm b\ a\p-jys\ ]qÀ®-\m-¡p-¶p.- A-dn-hp-]-I-cp-¶-Xn-\¸pdw \½psS kwkvIm-cs¯ Xs¶ Xncn-¨-dn-bp¶ Xe-¯n-te¡v hmb\

\s½ F¯n-¡pw. ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡v hmb-\-bpsS ]pXnb kwkvImcw k½m-\n¨ ]pkvX-I-tem-Is¯ Ipe-]Xn Un kn _pIvknsâ 15-þmaXv A´m-cmjv{S ]pkvX-I-ta-fbv¡v \hw-_À 1\v sIm¨n-bnse assd³ss{U-hn XpS-¡-am-hpw. tIc-f-¯nse Gähpw henb ]p kvX-Ita-f-bmbn IW-¡m-¡-s¸-Sp¶ Unkn ]pkvXtIm-Õhw 14 Znh-kw \o­≠p-\n¡pw. "sken-t{_-änwKv t\mfPv' F¶ Bi-b-¯neq¶n kwL-Sn-¸n-¡p¶ ]pkvX-I-ta-f-bn 14 Znh-khpw {]ap-JÀ ]

20-þmw \qäm≠--nse 2þmw

]Ip-Xn-bn ae-bmf kmln-Xy-¯n-sâbpw hmb-\-bp-sSbpw {] Nm-c-W-¯n apJy]¦v hln¨ {]km-[\ imebmWv Idâ v _pIvkv. Fw Sn hmkp-tZ-h³ \mbcpw am[-hn¡p-«nbpw hnsI-F¶pw tImhn-e\pw AS-¡-ap-ff B[p-\nI ae-bm-f-IYm-km-ln-Xy-¯nse AXn-Im-b-cpsS {KÙ-§Ä {]kn-²o-I-cn-¨p-sIm≠-v IYm kmln-Xy-¯n\pw IYm-Im-c³am À¡pw henb AwKo-Im-c-amWv Idâ v _pIvkv t\Sn-s¡m-Sp-¯-Xv. tIcf-¯nsâ kmwkvIm-cnI cwKs¯ ssNX-\y-amWv Idâ v _pIvkv. _me-N-{µ³ Npf-fn-¡mSv

s¦Sp¡p¶ kmln-Xy-þ-kmw-kvIm-cnI ]cn-]m-Sn-Ifpw Ac-t§-dpw. hmb-\-¡mÀ¡pw {]km-[-IÀ¡pw Hcp-t]mse kwh-Zn-¡m-\p-ff thZn-bmbn Unkn ]pkvX-tIm-Õhw amdp-sa-¶mWv kwLm-S-IÀ {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶-Xv. BtKm-f-X-e-¯n {]i-kvX-cmb 350-e-[nIw {]km-[-IÀ ]s¦-Sp-¡p¶ Unkn A´m-cmjv{S ]pkvX-tIm-Õhw DZvLm-S\w sN¿p¶Xv {]apJ XpÀ¡njv Fgp-¯p-Im-cn-bmb Kp Fcn-t]mKvep BWv. IY, Ihn-X, t\mhÂ, Bß-I-Y, _nkn-\kv, XXz-Nn-´, \nb-aw, amt\-Pvsaâ v, _me-km-ln-Xyw, saUn-¡Â XpS§n hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fnse e£-I-W-¡n\v ]pkvX-I§Ä {] ZÀin-¸n-¡p¶ -taf hmb-\-¡mÀ¡v lrZy-amb A\p-`-h-am-bn-cn¡pw. ]pkvXItaf-tbm-S-\p-_-Ôn¨v Ip«n-IÄ¡pÅ aÕ-c§Ä, skan\m-dp-IÄ, ]pkvXI {]Im-i-\ NS-§p-IÄ XpS-§nbhbpw kwLSn-¸n¡pw. ]pkvXI {]km-[I-cw-K¯v C´y-bn BZy-ambn sFFkvH kÀ«n-^n-t¡-j³ e`n¨ {Kq¸mWv ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS A£-c-a-{´-sa-¶-dn-b-s¸-Sp¶ Unkn _pIvkv.

47


t^m¡kv tIcf

A\p-`-h-k-¼-¯nsâ Icp-¯nÂ

sIFÂ-F-^v Xriq-cnse Ccn§m e¡pS BØm-\-ambn {]

\-¯n-\mbn D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶-Xv. FIvkv{Sq-UÀ sajo³ sSIv t\m-f-Pn- shfn-s¨-®- D¸m-Z\ hÀ¯n-¡p¶ sIFÂcwK¯v BZy-ambn D]-tbm-KnF^v \nÀaÂ, ]cn-ip²¡p-¶Xv sIFÂ-F-^v BWv. amb shfn-s¨®bpambn ""hn]p-e-amb coXn-bn Irjn D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS sN¿p¶ IÀj-I-cnÂ\n¶v a\-kn- CSw t\Sn-bn«v \mfn-tIcw t\cn«v hm§n Ime-ta-sd-bm-bn. \mfn-tIc XnI¨pw {]Ir-Xn-Z-¯-amb A\p-_Ô D¸¶-§coXn-bn B«n-sb-Sp-¯mWv fpsS \nÀ½mW, hnX-csIFÂ-F^v shfn-s¨® D]W, kwkvI-cW cwK¯v t`m-àm-¡-fn-se-¯n-¡p¶Xv. t]mÄ {^m³knkv, 60 hÀjs¯ A\p-`h kokWÃm¯ Ime-¯p-am{Xw k¼-¯-pÅ sIFÂ-F^v amt\-PnwKv ]t¯m Ccp-]tXm iX-am-\Ub-d-IvSÀ, {Kq¸nsâ Øm]-I³ sI t¯mfw \mfn-tIcw ]pd¯p\n F {^m³knkv BWv. sIFÂ-F^v ¶pw hmt§-≠Xmbn hcp-¶p. 1987 sImSp-§-Ãq-cn ss{UbÀ D]-tbm-Kn¨v t{]mk A©v S¬ D¸m-Z\ -knwKv \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\m tijn-bpÅ kwcw-`-am-bn-«m-bn-cp¶p ^wKkv hcm-\pÅ km[y-Xbpw Ipd-hmsIFÂ-F^nsâ XpS-¡w. ]n¶oSv Wv'', t]mÄ ]d-bp-¶p. 1992 Ccn-§m-e¡p-S-bn kz´w DSbpF-C, J¯À, Ipssh-äv, Ham³, a-Ø-X-bn-epÅ Øet¯¡v I¼\n kuZn Atd_y XpS-§nb A´m-cmjv{S amänØm]n-¨p. IgnªhÀjw Xan-gv\mhn]-WnI-fnepw IqSmsX IÀ®m-S-I «n ]pXnb bqWn-än\pw sIFÂ-F^v _wK-eqcp, ssakqÀ, amwKvfqÀ, B{ÔmXpS¡w Ipdn-¨p. {]-tZ-iv, alm-cm-jv{S, Hdo-k, O¯okvK\ymb-amb hne-bn X§-fpsS Uv, XpS-§n-b B`y´c hn]-Wn-Ifnepw D¸¶w D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v e`y-amsIFÂ-F-^n\v hym]mc irwJebp≠v. ¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn D¸m-Z\ sNehv IpdD]-t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v KpW-ta-·bpw hpÅ Xan-gv\m-«n-emWv Gdnb ]¦pw Btcm-Ky-{]-Z-hp-amb shfn-s¨® {] D¸m-Z\w \S-¡p-¶sX¶v I¼-\n-bpsS Zm\w sNbvXv Npcp-§nb ImewsIm≠v FwUn t]mÄ {^m³knkv ]d-bp-¶p. cmPy-¯v ap³\nc-bn \n¡p¶ {_m³ AXym-[p-\nI kwhn-[m\§tfmSpIq-Snb UUv D¸¶w F¶ Xe-¯n-te-¡p-b\qX\ kmt¦-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bmWv D¸m-Zcm³ sIFÂ-F-^n\p Ign-ªp.

tPmkvtIm F^vkn Sow, ¢ºv {]kn-Uâpw knC-H-bp-amb tPm¬ tPmkn\pw apJy ]cn-io-e-I-³ Fw Fw tP¡-_n-\p-sam¸w.

]pXnb kok-Wnsâ ]S-sbm-cp-¡-¯nÂ

tPmkvtIm F^v kn tI c-f-¯-nsâ Nm¼y³ ^pSvt_mÄ ¢ºmb tPm-

kn thdn-s«mcp ^pSvt_mÄ ssien cq]-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-XnkvtIm F^v kn ]pXnb emWv {i² tI{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. kokWnsâ ]S-sbm-cptemtIm-¯c \ne-hm-c-¯n-ep ¡-¯n\p apt¶m-Sn-bmbn Å ImbnI ]cn-io-e-\-¯n\p Xo{h]cn-io-e\ ]cn-]m]pdsa XnIª s{]m^-j-WSn-I-Ä Bcw-`n¨p. hcp¶ en-khpw A´m-cmjv{S \n kok-Wn _n Unhnj³ e-hm-c-¯n-epÅ ]cn-io-e\ eoKn anI¨ hnPbw t\ kuI-cy-§fpw ka-\z-bn-¸nSp-I-bmWv tPmkvtIm ¡p¶ tIc-f-¯nse GI F^vknbpsS ap¶n-epÅ ¢ºmWv tPmkvtIm F^v kn. tSmWn tPmkv, e£yw. 30 AwK-§-f-Sap³ C´y³ Xmchpw tIcf tPmkvtIm {Kq¸v §p¶ ]pXnb Soansâ \m Soansâ ap³]-cn-io-e-I-\p-amb amt\-PnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ Fw Fw tP¡-_mWv \ne-hn b-I³ ^mdqJpw D]-\mb-I³ Ìo^³ entPmbptPmkvtIm F^v knbpsS ] amWv. A´m-cmjv{S ^pSvt_mÄ aÂk-ccn-io-e-I³. Soansâ LS-\-bn-epw, FXn-cm§-fn _q«-Wn-ª- c≠­v ss\Po-cn-b³ fn-Isf B{I-an-¡p¶ ]pXnb AS-hp-I-fnXmc§Ä, NncmKv bpssW-ä-Un epw, Ifn-¡-f-¯nse anSp-¡nepw, Hs¯m\pw FbÀ C´ybv¡pw th≠n cp-a-bnepw tPmkvtIm F^v knbpsS Sow \mj-W eoKn _q«-Wn-ª-hÀ, kv]ncnäv CXn-t\m-SIw Xs¶ ^pSvt_mÄ sIm¡¯ taml³_Km³ kvt]mÀ«nw- t{]an-I-fpsS {i²-bm-IÀjn¨ LS-IKv, AIv_À {SmhÂkv apwss_ F¶o §-fm-Wv. Cu s{]m^-j-W anI-hp\mj-W ¢ºp-I-fn Ifn¨-hcpw sIm≠mWv Npcp-§nb Ime-¯n-\p-Ån C¡pdn tPmkvtIm F^v knbn ]e tZio-b-þ-kw-Øm\ aÕ-c-§-fnepw Øm\w ]nSn-¨n-«p≠v. aÕ-c-¯n-\p-X-Ip¶ sh¶n-s¡mSn ]mdn-¡m³ Soan\v Ignimco-cn-Ihpw am\-kn-I-hp-amb X¿m-sd-SpªsX¶v ¢ºv {]kn-Uâpw knC-H-bp¸p-IÄ \S-¯p-I-hgn tPmkvtIm F^v amb tSmWn tPmkv hyà-am-¡n.

alnaþt]-¸À hmg-bn-e-bn tIc-f-¯nsâ kz´w {_m³Uv d_À hyh-km-b-¯nepw tIm¬{Ioäv sI«n-S-§-fpsS

km[yXbmWpÅ-Xv. \ymb-amb hne-bn D¸¶-§Ä D]-t`m-àm-¡-fntNmÀ¨ XS-bp-hm-\p se-¯n-¡pI F¶-XmWv Å AUvl-kohv \nÀ½mR§-fpsS e£yw,'' tSmWn W-¯nepw hym]rX-cm-bn-cntXmakv ]d-bp-¶p. ¡p¶ tIm«-bs¯ B[p-\nI sajo-\pkp{]ow C³U-kv{So-knsâ I-fpsS klm-b-t¯msS ]pXnb kwcw-`-amWv alna D¶X \ne-hm-c-¯n-epÅ F¶ {_m³Uv \ma-¯n t]¸À D]-tbm-Kn-¨mWv \nÀ½n-¡p-¶ t]¸À aoÂkv alna aoÂkv eo^v eo^v. 30 hÀj-s¯ ]mc\nÀ½n-¡p-¶-Xv. ]qÀ®¼-cy-apÅ kp{]ow C³U- tSmWn tXmakv No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv, ambpw a®n ebn-¡p¶ kv{Sokv {Kq¸n\v XpS¡w Ch ]cn-Øn-Xn¡v `ojIpdn-¨Xv ]n Un tXmakpw kp{]ow Wntbm BtcmKy {]iv\ C³U-kv{Sokv ]n Un tPmk^pw tNÀ¶mtam D≠m-¡p-I-bn-söv Wv. tIc-f-¯n hmg-bntSmWn ]d-bp-¶p. hnhn[ e-bpsS £mahpw tlm«Xcw BIr-Xn-bn e`y-am-Ip¶ alna ep-I-fn th≠{X sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS t]¸À hmg-bne D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS A`m-hhpw I≠p a\-kn-em-¡n-b-tXmBh-iym-\p-k-cWw ]mbv¡nwKv t]¸sS-bmWv kp{]ow C³U-kv{So-knsâ dmbpw e`n¡pw. Gcnbm-X-e-¯nepw No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv tSmWn tXmakv PnÃmX-e-¯nepw tIc-f-¯n-ep-S-\ofw t]¸À aoÂkv eo^v \nÀ½m-W-¯-n\v alna aoÂkv eo^nsâ UoeÀamsc XpS-¡-an-«-Xv. ""aäp kwØm-\-§-fnse \nb-an-¡m\pw tSmWn ]²-Xn-bn-Sp-¶p. t]¸À hmg-bne I¼-\n-I-fpsS Ip¯I-bm-Wv tIc-fw. AXn-\m¯s¶ IqSp-X hnh-c-§Ä¡v : 09846492855, tIc-f-¯n CXn\v h³ hn]Wn 09847334821

48

PnsIFkvF^v ]pXnb temtKm {]Im-in-¸n¨p

{Km³Uv tIcf tjm¸nwKv s^Ìn-h-en\p ]pXnb temtKm.

aÄ«n IfÀ B\tbmSp IqSnb ]pXnb temtKm-bpsS {]Im-i\w a{´n F ]n A\nÂIp-amÀ \nÀÆ-ln-¨p. Unkw-_À 15 apX P\p-hcn 31 hsc \S-¡p¶ PnsI-FkvF^v Bdmw kokWnsâ cPn-kvt{S-j³ {]hÀ¯-\-¯n\v temI-¯m-Iam\w h¼n¨ {]Xn-I-c-W-amWv e`n-¨ncn-¡p-¶-Xv. tjm¸nwKv s^Ìn-h-ensâ Ignª kok-Wp-I-fn-ep≠mb hym]mc IpXn¸v Cu kok-Wn hÀ²n-¡p-sa¶ {]Xo-£-bn-emWv hym]mcn kaq-lw. tjm¸p-S-a-IÄ¡v Hm¬sse-\m bn cPn-kvt{S-j³ sN¿p-¶-Xn-\p Å kuI-cyhpw Hcp-¡n-bn-«p≠v. tKmÄUv Imä-K-dn-bn 20,000 cq]bpw knÂhÀ Imä-Kdnbn 5,000 cq]bpamWv. ]Xn-\mbncw cPn-kvt{S-j-³ e£yw-h-bv¡p¶

Cu kok-Wn 101 ]h-\mWv H¶mw k½m-\w. CXnsâ `mK-ambn sIm¨n-bn 15 Znh-ks¯ hym] mctafbpw kwL-Sn-¸n-¡pw. tjm¸nwKv s^Ìn-h Ime-bf-hn Ic-Iu-i-e-þ-ssI¯dn {] ZÀi-\w, IbÀ, \mfn-tI-c, kpKÔ-hy-RvP-\-taf, ImÀjnItaf, BZn-hmkn taf F¶nh kwLSn¸n¡pw.

Xnc-sª-Sp¯p Fkv-_n-sF Im-¸n-ä amÀ-¡-äv-kv en-an-än-Un-sâ am-t\Pnw-Kv U-b-d-Î-dpw No-^v F-Iv-kn-Iyq«ohv Hm-^o-k-dp-am-bn A-cpÔ-Xn `-«m-Nm-cy \n-b-an-X-bmbn.


BIv-k-k-do-kv cwK-¯v

anI-hpä tkh-\-hp-ambn t¥m-_Â S-tb-gv-kv

km[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡v Iq«mbn

Hcp hm-l-\-¯n-sâ BImc-`w-Kn- hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶-Xnepw

sNdnb apXÂap-S-¡n Hcp hosS¶ kz]v\w ]Sp-

bpÄ-s¡m-≠v D-]-t`m-àm-hn-\v B-h-iyam-b DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä \-Â-Im³ R-§Ä F¶pw kp-c-£ D-d-¸m-¡p-¶-Xnepw {i-an-¡m-dp-≠-v,'' t¥m-_ SB-Iv-k-k-do-kn-\p-Å {]mtb-gv-kv am-t\-Pn-wKv U-b-d-ÎÀ [m\yw hf-sc h-ep-Xm-Wv. ^n-en-]v tPmÀ-Pv ]dbp¶p. Cu {]m-[m-\y-w DÄ-s¡m≠v C-t¸mÄ D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä Kp-W\ne-hm-c-ap-ff B-Iv-kIq-Sp-X-embpw hm-l-\-§-fn k-do-kv \ymb-amb hne-bn Pn-]nF-kv \Â-In hml-\-t{]-anI-fpsS (t¥m-_ s]m-kn-j-\nwKv {i² ]nSn¨p ]änb Øm]kn-Ìw) LSn-¸n-¡mdp-≠v. \-amWv sIm-¨n tI-{µo-I-cn-¨v ^nen]v tPmÀPv, Iq-Sm-sX Iym-a-d, »q-Sq-¯v, {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ t¥m-_ B-â n-\, tekÀ F-¶n-hbpw amt\-PnwKv S-tb-gv-kv. 2000¯n ]m-emD-]-t`m-àm-¡fpsS BhUb-d-IvSÀ, cn-h«-¯v {]-hÀ-¯-\-am-cw-`n-¨ t¥m_ Stbgvkv iy-§-fn-epÄs¸-Sp-¶p. ImÀ t¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kv, D]-t`mhn]-Wnbn ]pXn-b \n-ch-[n àm-¡Ä¡v \ÂIp¶ tkhI-¼-\n-IÄ cw-K-{]-th-iw sN\-¯nsâ KpW-\n-e-hm-c-¯n bmsXmcp ¿p-¶p-≠v. F¶m C-h-bp-sS B-Iv-k-khn[ hn«p-hogvNbv¡pw X¿m-dm-In-söv do-kv hn-]-Wn-bnses¯m³ hf-sc k-a-bI¼\n A[n-Ir-XÀ ]d-bp¶p. A-tem-bv sa-Sp-¡p-¶p-s≠¶pw ^n-en-]v tPmÀ-Pv ] ho-Â, S-bÀ F-¶n-h-bp-sS sam-¯, NnÃ-d dbp¶p. S-b-À C-d-¡pa-Xn sNbv-Xv tjmhym-]m-chpw FÃm¯-cw hm-l-\-§Ä¸p-I-fn hn-Xc-Ww sN-bvXp-sIm-≠m-bn¡pw A\p-tbm-Py-amb B-Iv-k-k-do-kv cp-¶p- ^n-en-]v tPmÀPv Cu taJ-e-bn-tehnÂ-¸-\bpw ho A-sse³-saâ v, ho ¡v Nph-Sp h¨Xv. aq-¶phÀ-j-t¯m-fw _m-e³-knwKv, S-bÀ dn-¸-b-dnwKv F¶nC-Xv Xp-S-cpIbpw ]n¶oSv C-´y³ S-bhbpw hf-sc D-¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-t¯m-sSbpw dp-I-fpsS hnÂ-¸-\-bn-te-¡pw 2000¯n Im-cy-£-a-ambpw t¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kv sNt¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kv F¶ B-Iv-k-k-dokv bvXp \ÂIp-¶p. tem-I {]-ikv-X SbÀ do-s«bv _nkn-\knte-¡p-sa-¯p-I-bm{_m-³-Up-Ifmb an-sj-en³, A-t¸mtfm bn-cp¶p. 2008 ssh-än-e-bn tjmdqw S-tb-gv-kv F-¶n-h-bpsS sIm-¨n-bn-se BB-cw-`n-¨p. Zy-s¯ Uo-e-dm-Wv t¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kv. Øm-]-\-¯nsâ aq-¶ma-s¯ tjm-dqIq-SmsX, C-´y-bn-se ]-t¯m-fw {]ap-J an-sâ \nÀ-½mW {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä B-ephm-l-\ {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS Uo-eÀ-jn-¸p-w h-bn ]p-tcm-K-an-¡p-I-bmWv. sF-Fkvhn-tZ-i {_m³-Up-I-fp-sS C-d-¡pa-Xn hnÂ- sF ap{Z-bp-Å DÂ-¸-¶-§Ä am-{X-am-Wv ¸-\bpw t¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kn-s\ D-]-t`mt¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kv h-gn D-]-t`m-àm-¡-fnàm-¡Ä¡v {]n-b-s¸-«-Xm-¡p-¶p. se-¯p-¶-Xv. D-]-t`m-àm-hn-sâ ""AXn\q-X-\am-b ]pXn-b B-Iv-k]n-´p-Wbpw kw-Xr-]v-Xn \n-d-ª {]-Xn-Ik-do-kv DÂ-¸-¶§Ä hn-]-Wn Io-g-S-¡n c-W-hp-am-Wv t¥m-_ S-tb-gv-kn-s\ tI-cap-t¶dp-I-bm-Wv. B-Iv-kk-do-kn-s\-¡p-dn- f-¯n-se {]-ap-J Uo-eÀ-amcn-sem-cm-fm-¡n ¨v P-\-§Ä h-f-sc t_m-[-hm³-am-cm-W,v am-än-b-Xn-\v ]n-¶n-se-¶v ^n-en-]v {]-tXy-In-¨v bp-h-X-e-apd. Cu km-[y-XA`n-{]m-b-s¸-Sp¶p.

ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS a\wIhÀ¶v X\na tI chr£-§-fpsS \mSmb tIcf-¯n BIÀj-I-amb ]m¡nw-tKmSp

IqSn \nc-h[n shfn-s¨® DÂ]-¶-§Ä hn]-Wn-bn e`y-amsW¦nepw ]cn-ip²n sIm≠pw KpW-ta· sIm≠pw Ah-tbsbÃmw ]n´Ån tIc-fob P\-X-bpsS a\w IhÀ¶ {_m³UmWv X\na sh fn-s¨®. tX§ B«n-sb-Sp¯v Bh-iy¡mÀ¡v CS-\n-e-¡mÀ hgntbm HmÀUÀ A\p-k-cnt¨m F¯n-¨p-sIm-Sp-¡p¶ tIm¬{Sm-Ivänsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n {] hÀ¯\w XpS-§nb X\na C¶v AXym[p-\nI kuI-cy-§-tfmSp IqSnb kmt¦XnIhnZy D]-tbm-Kn-¨pÅ D¸m-Z\ coXnbmWv Ah-ew-_n-¡p-¶-Xv. 1997 emWv X\na F¶ {_m³Un shfns¨® hn]-Wn-bn Cd-§p-¶-Xv. ]m¡nwKn\p apt¶m-Sn-bmbn C´y³ Kh¬saâ v AwKo-Im-c-apÅ AKvamÀ¡v AtXmdn-än-bpsS ]cn-tim-[-\bv¡p hnt[-bam¡n KpW-ta· Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯n-bmWv shfn-s¨® amÀ¡-än F¯m-dp-ÅXv F¶Xpw X\n-a-bpsS {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. {_m³Unsâ P\-Io-b-Xbv¡v sSenhn-j³, ]{Xw XpS-§n-b-h-bn-eqsSbpÅ t{]mtam-j³ coXn-IÄ Ah-ew-_n-¡mdpÅ-Xmbn sNbÀam\pw amt\-PnwKv Ub-

d-IvS-dp-amb hn ]n dmt^ ] d-ªp.""R§fpsS ^mIvSdn tIc-f-¯n hn ]n dmt^Â, {]hÀ¯n-¡pknCH, X\na ¶p. AXn-\m Xs¶ AXnsâ D¸m-Z\ coXnbpw KpW-ta-·bpw t\cn«v a\-kn-em-¡m³ P\-§Ä¡v Ign-bp-¶p. \nc-h[n F® D¸-¶-§Ä amÀ¡än e`y-am-bn«pw ]cn-ip-²n, KpW-ta· F¶nh sIm≠v F¶pw ap³]´n-bn F¯m³ X\n-a-bv¡m-bn. AXp-t]mse Xs¶ P\-§Ä¡v Ffp¸-¯n e`y-amIpw hn[-¯n FÃm Øe-§-fnepw D¸-¶-§Ä F¯n-¨psIm-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn\pw I¼\n {i² sNep¯mdp≠v. D]-t`m-àm-hnsâ XmÂ]-cy§fpw \nÀtZ-i-§fpw UoeÀam-cn \n ¶pw IS-bp-S-a-I-fn \n¶pw t\cn«v a\ Ên-em¡n AXn-\-\p-k-cn¨v D¸-¶-§fn th≠ amä-§Ä hcp-¯mdp≠v'', dmt^ ]d-bp-¶-p. C¶v C´ybv¡p ]pd¯pw X\na D¸-¶-§Ä¡v Bh-iy¡mÀ Gsd-bm-Wv. Ham³, t]mf≠v, Zp_mbv F¶n-hn-S-§-fn-te¡v Ib-äp-aXnbpw sN¿p¶p.

BÀ-FwtIm

Dd-t¸msS \nt£ ]w \S-¯m-hp-¶Xv `qan-bmWv F¶v ae-bm-fn-IÄ Xncn-¨¯p-bÀ¯m³ km[m-c-W-¡mdn-ªp-I-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. c\p Iq«mbn BÀFwtIm. tIc-f-¯n Gähpw anI¨ hfsc Ipdª apX \nt£-]-amÀKw `qan-bm-Wv. apS-¡n t¹m«p-IÄ D]-t`mAXn-\m Xs¶ Zn\w-{]Xn àm-hn\p e`y-am-¡p-I-bmWv tIc-f-¯n `qan-bpsS XriqÀ BØm-\-ambn {] Bhiyw hÀ²n-¨p-sIm≠nhÀ¯n-¡p¶ {]apJ dnb cn-¡p-¶p'', BÀFwtIm FtÌäv I¼-\n-bmb BÀC³{^m-kv{S-IvNÀ sUh-e-t] Fw-tIm. Gähpw IqSp-X kXojv s]msä¡mSv, gvkv ss{]häv enan-äUv amt\kwXr-]vX-cmb D]-t`mPnwKv Ub-d-IvSÀ kXojv amt\-PnwKv àm-¡fps≠­¶v Ah-Im-is]msä¡mSv ]d-bp-¶p. Ub-d-IvSÀ, s¸-Sp¶ BÀ-Fw-tIm-bn Btcm-Kyhpw ]mÀ¸n-Shpw BÀFwtIm Krl-\nÀ½m-W-¯n-\m-h-iyF¶ Bi-bs¯ ASn-Øm-\amb A©v skâ v, ]¯pam¡n tIc-f-¯n B[p-\nI skâ v hcp¶ t¹m«p-IÄ coXn-bn-epÅ sl¯v ¢_v sIm≠p-htIc-f-¯n-ep-S-\ofw e`y-am-Ip-¶p. c≠c cp-¶-Xnsâ `mK-ambn Xriq-cnepw tImgne£w cq]bv¡v A©v skâ v Øew t¡m-Spw 7000 NXp-c-{i-bSn apX 10,000 C¶v tIc-f-¯n \ÂIm³ Ign-bp-¶Xv NXp-c-{i-bSn hcp¶ AXym-[p-\n BÀFwtIm _nÂtU-gvkn\p am{X-am-Wv. I kuI-cy-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb tamtU¬ ""BtKm-f-Xe-¯n dnb FtÌäv sl¯v ¢_n\p BÀ-FwtIm XpS¡w taJebn Nne Ib-än-d-¡-§Ä D≠m-bn- Ipdn-¨n-«p≠v. «ps≠¦nepw tIc-f-¯n dnb FtÌäv A©v hÀj-¯n-\p-Ån ]pXnb taJ-ebv¡v Imcy-ambn CSnhv kw`-hn-¨nHcp BtcmKy kwkvImcw sIm≠p-h«n-Ã. ap³ Ime-§-fn km[m-c-W-¡mÀ cm-\m-Wv BÀFwtIm {ian-¡p-¶-Xv. _m¦ntem aäp [\Im-cy-Øm-]-\-§ASp¯hÀjw _wK-eqcp, Xan-gv\m-Sv fntem BWv {][m-\-ambpw \nt£]w F¶n-hn-S-§-fn-te-¡v _nkn-\kv hym]n\S-¯n-bn-cp-¶-Xv. ]n¶oSv kzÀW-¯n¸n-¡m\pw ]²-Xn-bp≠v. 2015\pÅn te¡pw Hml-cn-I-fn-te¡pw C³jpC´y apgp-h³ km¶n-[y-a-dn-bn-¡p-Id³kn-te¡pw Xncn-ªp. F¶m C¶v bmWv e£y-sa¶v kXojv ]d-bp-¶p.

UnPn-ä kntá-¨À kÀ«n-^n-¡äv: tIcf tNw_-dn kwhn-[m\w Øm-\s¯ hym]m-c, hmWnPy kaq-l-¯n\v UnPn-ä kntá-¨À kÀ«nkw ^n-¡äv e`y-am-¡p-¶-Xn\v tIcf tNw_À Hm^v sImtagvkv Bâ v C³Ukv{Sn

kuI-cy-taÀs¸-Sp-¯n-b-Xmbn tNw_À sNbÀam³ sI F³ aÀkqJv Adn-bn¨p. hym]m-c, hmWnPy taJ-e-I-fn UnPn-ä kntá-¨À kÀ«n-^n-¡äv \nÀ_Ô-am¡n hmWnPy \nIpXn hIp¸v amÀK-\nÀtZ-i-an-d-¡nb kml-N-cy-¯n-emWv tNw_À Cu kuIcyw GÀs¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xv. bpF-kv_n tSm¡-tWmSp IqSn-bXpw tSm¡-Wn-Ãm-¯-Xp-amb kntá-¨À kÀ«n-^n-¡-än\v c≠­p hÀj-amWv Imem-h[n. tIcf tNw_-dnsâ sIm¨n-bnse BØm-\¯pw Xncp-h-\-´-]p-c-s¯bpw tImgn-t¡m-s«bpw taJem tI{µ-§-fnepw kÀ«n-^n-¡äv e`n-¡pw. tNw_-dnsâ B`n-ap-Jy-¯n {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ sN¡vt]mÌv sl¸v skâ-dp-I-fnepw FIvknw sl¸v skâ-dp-I-fnepw Cu kuIcyw e`y-am-sW¶v aÀkqJv ]d-ªp. UnPnä kntá-¨À kÀ«n-^n-¡äv Bh-iy-ap-Å-hÀ tIcf tNw_-dnsâ sh_vssk-ämb www.keralachamber.in kµÀin¨v AXnse _Ô-s¸« en¦n temKv C³ sN¿Ww. IqSp-X hnh-c-§Ä¡v 0484- 2380950, 2354885.

^n³em³Unse Fbvkp-ambn ÌmÀ«v A]v hntÃ-Pn\p IcmÀ C ´y-bnse BZy-sS-entImw C³Iyqt_-ä-dmb sIm¨nbnse ÌmÀ«v

A]v hntÃ-Pv ^n³em³Unse {] apJ sSIvt\m-fPn lºmb BÄt«m skâÀ t^mÀ FâÀ{]-WÀjn-¸pambn (F-bvkv) Icm-sdm-¸n«p. ^n³em³Unse Fkv]-bn h¨v H¸n« IcmÀ Ccp cmPy-§fpw X½n kmt¦-XnIhnZym -ta-J-e-bn D`-b-I£n _Ô-§Ä sa¨-s¸-Sp-¯m-\p Å {ia-§-fpsS `mK-am-Wv. ÌmÀ«v A]v hntÃ-Pnepw ]pd-¯p-apÅ ]p¯ ³ kwcw-`-§Ä¡v \nc-h[n Ah-k-

c-§Ä {]Zm\w sN¿p-¶-Xn\p ]pdsa ^n³em³Unsâ kmt¦-XnI anIhpw C´y-bpsS sNe-hp-Ip-dª {]hÀ¯\-coXn-Ifpw kwtbm-Pn-¸n-¨pÅ ] cn-{i-a-§Ä¡v IcmÀ iàn-]-I-cpw. t\m¡n-bbpw ssat{Im-tkm^väpw tNÀ¶v cq]w \ÂInb 24 e£w tUmfÀ samss_ B¹nt¡-j³ t{]m{Km-amb B]v Imw]kv DÄs¸-sS-bpÅ ]cn-]m-SnIÄ¡v ÌmÀ«v A]v hntÃ-Pn BXn-Yy -a-cp-fp-¶-XS¡-apÅ amÀK-§fpw `mhnbnse {]hÀ¯\ ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fm-Wv.

49


FâÀsS-bv³saâv

tIc-f-¯nse kv{XoIÄ

‘Bold’BI-Ww \oXp taml³

F

Imcy-am-WnXv. ]eÀ¡pw ]eXc-¯n-epÅ ap³[m-c-W-IÄ Cu cwK-s¯-¸-än-bp≠v. F\n¡v CXp-hsc bmsXmcp Xc-¯nepÅ tamiw A\p-`hhpw D≠m-bn-«n-Ã. \ap¡v Ign-hp-s≠-¦nÂ, B Ign-hn hnizm-k-ap-s≠-¦nÂ, {]iv\-§Ä A`n-apJo-I-cn-t¡≠n hcp-sa¶v tXm¶p¶n-Ã. tIc-f-¯nse amdp¶ ^mj³ cwK-s¯-¸än? hf-sc-b-[nIw amä-§-fmWv tIcf-¯nse ^mj³cwK¯v kw`-hn-¨psIm-≠n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. BtLm-j-§Ä¡\p-k-cn-¨pw {]tXyI NS-§-p-IÄ¡v A\p-tbm-Py-amb coXn-bnepw hkv{X-§Ä Xnc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn ae-bm-fn-IÄ C¶v Gsd {i² sNep-¯p-¶p. tIc-f-¯nse ^mj³ cwK¯v C\nbpw amä-§Ä hcpw, hc-Ww. k¶² {]hÀ¯-\-§sf Ipdn¨v? Ign-bp¶ Xc-¯n-ep-ff klm-b-§Ä, Ah F{X sNdp-Xm-bm-epw, aäp-f-fhÀ¡pth­≠n sN¿Wsa¶v hniz-kn¡p-¶-bm-fmWv Rm³. aq¶v Ip«n-Isf

Sherin Sam

§-s\-bm-bn-cp¶p tamU-enwKv cwK-t¯-¡pÅ IS-¶phchv? A{]-Xo-£n-X-ambn tamU-enwKv cwK-t¯¡v IS¶ph¶ hyàn-bmWv Rm³. Hcp ss]eäv BIpI F¶-Xm-bncp¶p Fsâ B{K-lw. _wK-eq-cp-hnse Hcp kplr¯v \nÀ_-Ôn-¨Xn\m-emWv s^an\ ankv C´y- aÕ-c¯n-te¡v t^mt«m Ab-¨psIm-Sp¯-Xv. s^an-\bpsS dmw]n-em-bn-cp¶p XpS¡w, AhnsS \n¶v t^mÀUnsâ {Kmknb kq¸À tam U Hm^v C´y thÄUmbn Xnc-sªSp-¡-s¸-«p. ]n¶oSv F\n¡v Xncnªp t\mt¡≠n h¶n-«n-Ã. hnÂkv sse^v ssÌ C´y, ^mj³ ho¡v DĸsS \nc-h[n saKm ^m-j³tjmI-fn dmw]v hm¡v \S-¯m³ km[n-¨p. Gsd sXämb [mc-W-IÄ, {]tXy-In¨v tIcfw t]mepsÅmcp kwØm-\-¯v, \ne-\n¡p¶ Hcp cwK-am-WtÃm tamU-enwKv. AXn-s\-Ip-dn-¨v? F\n¡v H«pw a\-Ên-em-Im¯ Hcp

2009 t^mÀUnsâ {Kmknb kq¸Àtam-U- Hm^v C´y-bmbn Xnc-sª-Sp-¡-s¸« tijw Xncn-ªp-t\m-t¡≠­n h¶n-«nà sjdn³ kman-\v. ^mj³ dmw]p-Ifnse \nd-km-¶n-[y-ambn amdnb sjdn³, sPbnwkv s^td-bvd, \nZ alvaq-Zv, i´m\p tKmb¦ XpS-§n \nc-h[n temtIm-¯-c ^mj³ Unssk-\Àam-cpsS CjvS-tam-U-em-Wv. tamU-enwKv cwKt¯¡v IS-¶p-h-¶Xpĸ-sS-bpff hnti-j-§Ä sjdn³ kmw FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bp-ambn ]¦p-hbv-¡p¶p

wKtKmf k B wIp' X f n{ c c n-Mv tI p-I-bm-Wv N m-\am-b P À a a -I "F \-S-¶ ] {]-Im-im-¡-fm-b p-W- \ m-¨n-bn m-b n-´tI-c-f-¯nsâ I {k-ã -Ip-¶ a s S N v à g ps i -f m-e S -bm \ o £ o Ign-ªv h-c-samgn-bp-ws. hÀ-¯-am-\I-sSm¸w am-ä-§ X p.{] . tIm-^â A-hw K m a-¯n\ Cu {KÙ sN-¿p-¶-tXmIbpw sN-¿p-¶ ` ns h w -Ù-¯n- -À No-^v n-¡pa-säm-cp dn-¡p-¶ -\m-hc-W -h-X-cn-¸p-dn-¸p-I-fm-Wv a-t\m-l-c {K p-am A I b f s P u ap-Jw A ta-¯À m-fnI än-bp-Å I -s¸-Sp-¶ C -{I«-dn sI. jm-^n -Iw f-¸ m-K-¯n 100 a-e-b v k s s h v m § ^ X v ã o \ Øm-] _p-¡v hn-` m-Z-bmWv, N ¯n-I D-]-tZ p-th≠­n ]p-k tS-_nij kmw ]n-t{X n-bp-sS km-¼-f- kÀ-¡m-cn-\ Xm-c-I dpw ap-Jy-a-{´ n-ä-dpw. tI-c tIm-«bw. F-Un-ä n-Iyp-«n-hv F-U n _p-Ivkv, F-Iv-km-¡nb-Xv Un-k X-¿m-d

50

Ct¸mÄ Rm³ kvt]m¬kÀ sN¿p¶p≠v. AXp-Iq-SmsX A\m-Ym-e-b§Ä¡pw aäv k¶² kwL-S-\IÄ¡pw Fs¶s¡m≠v Ignbp¶ klm-b-§fpw sNbvXp sImSp-¡p-¶p. tIc-f-¯n kv{XoIÄ¡v t\sc-bpÅ A{I-a-§sf¡pdn¨v? tIc-f-¯nse kv{XoIÄ Ipd-¨pIqSn t_mÄUv BI-Ww. "knäpth-j³kv lm³UnÂ' sN¿p¶-Xn ae-bmfn s]¬Ip-«n-IÄ ]cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-I-bm-Wv. F¦nepw ap³Im-e-§sf At]-£n¨v ae-bmfn kv{XoI-fpsS {]Xn-I-c-W-tijn Hcp-]mSv IqSn-bn-«p≠v. hnZym-`ymkw? P\n-¨Xv tI-c-f-¯n-em-sW-¦nepw _wK-eq-cp-hnepw Ipssh-än-ep-am-bn«mbncp¶p hnZym-`ymkw ]qÀ¯o-I-cn¨-Xv. _wK-eq-cp-hnse AÂ-þ-A-ao³ tImsf-Pn \n¶v _nkn-\kv AUvan\n-

kvt{S-j-\n _ncp-Z-sa-Sp-¯p. IpSpw-_-¯nsâ ]n´pW? anI¨ ]n´p-W-bmWv IpSpw_w F\n¡v \ÂIp-¶-Xv. AÑsâ henb Hcp B{K-l-am-bn-cp¶p Hcp \S-\m-hpI F¶Xv; AXv km[n-¨n-Ã. AXp-sIm≠p-Xs¶ tamU-enwKv cwKs¯ Fsâ hfÀ¨-bn Gsd kt´m-jn-¡p-¶Xpw At±-l-am-Wv. tlm_nIÄ? \r¯w Fsâ ]mj³ BWv. kÂkbpw imkv{Xob \r¯hpw Rm³ A`y-kn-¨n-«p≠v. hmb\bmWv CjvS-hnt\mZw. bm{X-IÄ Gsd Bkz-Zn-¡p-¶p, H¸w t^mt«m-{K-^n-bpw. kn\nam taml-§Ä? Fsâ hen-sbmcp kz]v\-am-Wv kn\n-a. \nc-h[n Hm^-dp-IÄ hcp-¶p≠v, AXn-seÃmw Xocp-am-\-sa-Sp-¯p-h-cp¶tX-bp-f-fq.


Emerging Kerala