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May 2012, ` 30 www.emkerala.com

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Introduct

Banking

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FUn-täm-dn-bÂ

FUntäm-dn-bÂ

Volume 1 Issue 2 | May 2012 Editor Ravi Deecee Associate Editor T N Shaji Chief Sub Editor Dipin Damodharan Sr. Reporters Lakshmi Narayanan Prashob K P T P Prasanth Reporter Shani K Editorial Assistant Sumitha K Design & Layout Anil P John Kailasnath

Business Office - India DC MEDIA DC Books Pvt Ltd No 387, Ist Cross 4th Block, 80 Feet Road Koramangala Bengaluru – 560034 India Business Office - International DC Books Near Karama Metro Station Trade Centre Road Dubai, UAE

Editorial Office DC MEDIA DC Books Pvt Ltd 234/C, Adjacent to YMCA BUSINESS Chittoor Road, Cochin – 35 Senior Advt Manager Kerala, India Kainakari Shibu Sr Manager-Marketing Contact Sabu Varghese Mathew Ph: +91 484 3047 405 Senior Key Account Fax: +91 484 4021 145 Managers Mail: editorial@dcmedia.in, Anu P M info@dcmedia.in Biju P Alex G Sreekumar Head - Business M Kumar www.emkerala.com Published from DC Books Pvt Ltd, D C Kizhakemuri Edam, Good Shepherd Street, Kottayam – 686001, Kerala, India and printed at DC Press Pvt. Ltd., Industrial development Area, Poovanthuruth, Kottayam – 686012, Kerala, India. Printed, published & owned by Ravi Deecee

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4

th≠Xv D¯-c-hm-ZnXz cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\w cm jv{Sobw Hcp sXmgn-e-Ã. Poh-kÔmc-W-¯n-\pÅ amÀKhpaÃ. cmPy-¯nsâ ka{K hnIk-\-¯n\pw P\-§-fpsS kÀÆ-tXm·p-Jamb D¶-a-\-¯n\pw klm-b-

lkvXw \o«m³ Ign-bp¶ tkh\ taJe-bm-W-Xv. Hcp Icn-bÀ F¶ \ne-bn cmjv{So-bs¯ kao-]n-¡p-Ibpw Hcp kmaqly imkv{Xsa¶ \ne-bn AXnsâ bYmÀ° A´-xk-¯-bnÂ\n¶v AIepIbpw sN¿p¶ t\ Xm¡³amcpw {]hÀ¯-I-cpw GsXmcp cmPy-¯nsâbpw im]-amWv. Chn-sS-bmWv {Inbm-ß-I AYhm D¯-c-hm-Zn-Xz cmjv{Sob-¯nsâ {]k-àn. tIc-f-¯n amdn amdn `c-W-¯n h¶ kÀ¡m-cp-IÄ X-§-fpsS ap³Km-an-IÄ \S¸nem-¡m³ Xocp-am-\n ¨ ]e hnI-k\, t£a {]hÀ¯-\-§-tf-bpw- A-«n-a-dn¨ Ncn-{X-am-Wp-Å-Xv. F¶m Ignª Iptd hÀj-§fmbn Cu ØnXn¡v amäw D≠mbn«p≠v. hnI-k\ \b-§-fn `c-W, {]Xn-]£ hyXymkw ad¶v \ne\nÀ¯nb Ønc-X-aqew kmaq-ly, km¼-¯nI cwK-§-fn- ssIh-cn¨ t\«-§-fpsS IY-IfmWv \½psS Ab kwØm-\-§Ä¡v ] d-bphm\p-Å-Xv. `cn-¡p¶ ap¶Wnbpw {]Xn-]-£hpw X½n hnI-k\ Imcy-§-fn ka-hmbw D≠mhWw. CXnsâ A`mhw ImcWw tIcfw hnI-k\ cwK¯v aäv an¡ kwØm-\-§-sfbpw At]-£n¨v 10 hÀjsa¦nepw ]n¶n-em-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. D¯-c-hm-ZnXz cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯-\-¯nsâ A\n-hm-cyXsb Ipdn¨v Hcp IhÀtÌmdn sN¿p-hm³ FaÀPnMv tIc-fsb t{]cn-¸n-¨Xv Cu LS-I§fm-Wv. Cu hnj-b-¯n kaq-l-¯nsâ hnhn-[-cw-K-§-fn-ep-f-f-hÀ X§-fpsS ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IÄ AhX-cn-¸n-¡p¶p. k¼¯v krjvSn-¡Â Hcp Ct¡m-Wansb kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw ]c-a-{]-[m-\-amWv. F¶m Cu k¼¯v kaq-l-¯nsâ FÃm hn`mKw P\-§-fn-te¡pw F¯nt¡≠ Npa-Xe `c-W-IÀ¯m-¡Ä¡p≠v. kmaqly ]ptcm-K-Xn-bpsS KpW-^-e-§Ä ]mÀizhXvI-cn-¡-s¸« P\-hn-`m-K-§Ä¡p IqSn A\p-`-hn-¡m³ Ign-bp-¶n-S¯ -- mWv Hcp kÀ¡mÀ hnP-bn-¡p-¶-Xv. tIc-f-¯n GItZiw 37.5 e£w Zcn-{ZÀ Ds≠¶v IW-¡p-IÄ ImWn-¡p-¶-p. Zmcn{Zyhpw IS-s¡-Wn-Ifpw aqew Bß-lXy sN¿p-¶-h-cpsS ]«n-I-bn 4þmw Øm\ amWv tIc-f-¯n-\p-ÅXv. sR«n-¸n-¡p-¶XmWv Cu hnh-c-§Ä. AXp-t]mse, 100 iXam\w km£-c-cmWv \½Ä F¶v Duäw sImÅpt¼mÄ BZn-hmkn, Xoc-tZi taJe-I-fn GI-tZiw 20 e£-¯n-e-[nIw \nc-£-cÀ Ds≠¶ sk³kkv IW-¡p-IÄ \½psS I®p-IÄ ImWm-sX-t]m-Ip¶p AsÃ-¦n I≠nsöv \Sn¡p¶p. PmXn, aX k¦p-NnX XmÂ]cy-§Ä¡mbn hne-t]-in, kÀ¡m-cn- \n¶v A\Àlamb Øm\-am-\-§Ä X«-n-sb-Sp-¡m³ Xp\n-bp-¶-hÀ Cu IW-¡p-IÄ H¶v adn¨p t\m t¡≠XmWv. ImenI kw`-h-§Ä {i²tbmsS ho£n-¡p¶ \njv]-£-a-Xn-I-fmb Hcp P\X Chn-sS-bps≠¶v _Ô-s¸«hÀ HmÀ¡p¶Xp \¶v. `mhn Xe-ap-dsb hÀKo-bamb {[pho-I-c-W-¯n-te¡v \bn-¡m³ t{]cn-¸n-¡p¶ kw`-h-§Ä¡mWv \nÀ`m-Ky-him hÀ¯-am\ tIcfw km£yw hln-¨p-sIm≠ncn¡p-¶-Xv. ka-c-§-fn-eqsSbpw {] t£m-`-§-fn-eq-sSbpw t\Sn-sb-Sp¯ ]ptcm-K-a\ Nn´-Isf ]nd-tIm-«-Sn-¡p¶ \S-]-SnIÄ GXv `mK¯v \n¶p≠mbmepw Ah-sbÃmw \½psS apt¶m-«pÅ {]bm-W-¯n\v XS-bn-Sp-sa¶ Imcyw Bcpw hnkva-cn¡cpXv.

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cmjv{Sobw

YOUNG LEADER

cmjv{So-b¡mÀ Bscbpw kvt\ln-¡p--¶nÃ, shdp-¡p-¶p-anÃ. hnIm-c-a-Ã, XmÂ]-cy-amWv Ahsc `cn-¡p-¶-Xv sNÌÀ^nÂUv

C\n tkmjy aoUn-b-bpsS Imew...

hn.Sn _Âdmw

Xr¯me aWvUe-¯n-Â\n¶v I¶nb-¦-¯-n Xs¶ \nb-a-k-`-bn-te¡v F¯nb bph-t\-XmhmWv hn Sn _ Âdmw. Fw F F, F¶-Xn\p ]pdsa kmaq-ly-{]-hÀ¯-I³, AUz-t¡äv F¶o \ne-I-fnepw hyànap{Z ] Xn-¸n¨ _Âdmw, FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bpambn Xsâ cmjv{Sob ImgvN-¸m-Sp-IÄ ]¦ph-bv¡p-¶p.

cmjv{Sobw F¶-Xp-sIm­­≠v F´mWv Dt±-in-¡p-¶Xv? C´y Hcp P\m-[n-]Xy cmPyamWv. Chn-Sps¯ km[mcW--¡m-c-t\bpw P\m-[n-]Xy {]{In-b-tbbpw _Ôn-¸n-¡p¶ I®nbmWv cmjv{So-b-¡m-c-³. P\m-[n-] Xy {]{In-b-bn CSs]-SpI F¶Xv Hmtcm ]ucsâbpw IS-a-bm-Wv. AXn \n¶v BÀ¡pw Hgn-ªp-am-dm³ Ignbn-Ã. bphm-¡sf cmjv{So-b-¯n-te¡v BIÀjn-¡m³ Fs´ms¡ amä-§fmWv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-I-fn sIm≠phtc≠Xv? ]c-¼-cm-K-X-amb {]hÀ¯\ ssien-bmWv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄ BZyw D-t-]£nt¡≠Xv. cm{Xn-Im-e-§-fn cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\w \S-¯m³ X¿m-dm-Ip¶ bphm-¡Ä¡v AXn-\pÅ Ah-kcw Hcp-¡n sImSpt¡≠Xv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-I-fpsS D¯-c-hm-Zn-¯-amWv. ]I \S-¯n-bmte, cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\w BIq F¶ sXämb [mcW amtä≠ Imew AXn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p¶p. bphm-¡sf ]mÀ«n-bn-te¡v sIm≠phcp-¶-Xn\p th≠n tkmjy aoUn-bsb icn-bmb hn[-¯n D]tbm-Kn¡pI. C\n tkmjy aoUn-b-bpsS Ime-amWv. cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-I-fpsS {]Nm-c-W-¯n\v t^kv_p¡v XpS-§nb \h am[y-a-§Ä hln-¡p¶ ]¦v hfsc hep-XmWv.

]c-¼-cm-K-X-amb {]hÀ¯\ ssienbmWv cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄ BZyw D-t-]£nt¡≠Xv. ]I \S-¯nbmte cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\w BIq F¶ [mcW amäWw

PmXnþaX LS-I-§fpsS AXn-{]-kcw tIcf cmjv{Sobs¯ F§-s\-bmWv _m[n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶Xv? Øm\-am-\-§Ä t\Sp-¶-Xn\p th≠n PmXn-þaX LS-I-§sf Iq«p-]n-Sn-¡p-¶Xv sX-ämb {]h-W-X-bm-Wv. PmXn-þ-aX tae-[y-£³am-cpsS Unamâp-IÄ¡v ap¼n ap«p-a-S-¡m¯ cmjv{Sob t\Xr-Xz-¯n\v am{Xta CXnsâ AXn-{]-k-c-¯n\v ISn-ªm¬ CSm³ Ign-bq. k¦p-Nn-Xamb XmÂ]-cy-¯n \n¶v amdn PmXn-þ-aX kwL-S-\-IÄ kaq-l-¯nsâ sam¯w e£yw sh¨p-sIm≠mbncn-¡Ww {]hÀ¯n-t¡≠Xv. bphm-¡Ä¡v cmjv{So-b-¯n Ah-kcw \ÂIp¶-Xn\p th≠n apXnÀ¶ t\Xm¡Ä hncant¡≠Xpt≠m? ]pXnb amä§sf DÄs¡m-Åm³ Ign-bm¯ cmjv{Sob t\Xm-¡-fmWv cmjv{So-b-¯n \n¶v hnc-ant¡≠Xv. Nne t\Xm-¡³amÀ¡v 30-þ40 hbÊv am{Xta ImWp-sh-¦n-epw, Ah-cpsS a\Êv hmÀ²y-Iy-¯n-em-bnc-n-¡pw. C¯-c-¡m-cmWv cmjv{Sob-¯n \n¶v kzbw hnc-an-t¡≠Xv. {]mbw IW-¡m-t¡≠Xv imco-cn-I-amb {]mb-¯nsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-e-Ã. apXnÀ¶ t\Xm-¡-fn ]ecpw ]pXnb amä-§sf DÄs¡m-Åm³ Ign-bp-¶-h-cmWv. CXn-\pÅ anI¨ DZm-l-c-W-amWv D½³Nm≠nbpw a³tam-l³ knMpw. CXp-t]m-epÅ apXnÀ¶ t\Xm-¡fpsS tkh\w cmjv{So-b¯n\v F¶pw apX¡q-«m-Wv.

Loudspeaker

""

FÃm cmjv{So-b-¡m-cpw, Kh¬saân\I-¯mbmepw ]p d¯mbm-epw, \S-¯p-¶Xv ]mÀ«n {]hÀ¯-\w Xs¶-bmWv'' {]W_v apJÀPn, tI{µ [\-Im-cy-a{´n ""amthm-bn-Ìp-IÄ `ocp-¡-fm-Wv. AhÀ P\m-[n-]-Xy-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-¶nÃ, AhÀ kam-[m-\-am-{K-ln-¡p-¶n-Ã, tXm ¡n³Ip-g-en-emWv AhÀ¡v hnizm-kw. P\-§sf X«n-s¡m≠-p­t]mIp-¶-Xnepw sImÃp-¶-Xn-ep-amWv AhÀ GÀs¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶Xv'' aaXm _m\ÀPn, ]Ýna _wKmÄ apJy-a{´n ""bYmÀ°-¯n _nsP-]n-bpsS hnP-bhpw tIm¬{K-knsâ ]cm-P-b-hp-am-bn-cp¶p UÂln-bn kw`-hn-¨-Xv. kwØm\ Akw»n sXc-sª-Sp-¸n-te¡pw 2014 temIvk`m sXc-sª-Sp¸n-te¡papff tIm¬{K-knsâ Iu­≠vUu¬ Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ Bcw-`n-¨p Ignªp'' \nXn³ KUvI-cn, _nsP]n tZiob {]kn-Uâ v ""Cu \m«nse kmap-ZmbnI k´p-e-\m-h-Ø-bpsS Imcy-§Ä t\m¡m-\pÅ D¯-c-hm-ZnXzw F³FkvFkv t\Xmhv Pn kpIp-am-c³ \m-bÀt¡m, FkvF³Un]n t\Xmhv shÅm¸Ån \tS-i-t\m, Bcpw G¸n-¨v sImSp-¯n-«-nÃ'' Fw F³ Imc-tÈcn

""C´y-sb-t¸m-epÅ henb Hcp P\m-[n-]-Xy cmjv{S-¯n P\-§sf tkhn-¡m-\pÅ Gähpw \à amÀKw cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯\amWv Jpiv_p, sX¶n-´y³ kn\n-am-Xmcw

6

''

FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


P\-X-bpsS [mÀanI hnIm-c-§-fpsS t{Im-Uo-I-c-W-amWv \nbaw »mIvtÌm¬

cnbpw Iq«cpw A[n-Imc hSw-h-en-Ifnepw Agn-a-Xn-Ifnepw AÇoe Nn{X-§-fnepw aXn-a-d-¡p¶p. cmjv{Sw I­≠ Gähpw anI¨ Ic-tk\m ta[m-hn-s¡Xnsc Hcp tZiob ]{X-t¯bpw Iq«p-]n-Sn¨v tIm¬{Kkv hymP ssk\nI A«n-a-dn-bpsS IY sa\-sª¶ Btcm-] Ww h¶-t¸mgpw tZio-bX apdp-sI-¸n-Sn-¡p¶ ]m À«n \ni_vZ-cmbn. Bi-b-]m-¸-cXzhpw t\cn-Sp¶ ]m À«n¡v lnµpXzw ssIhn-StWm AtXm arZp lnµpXzw aXntbm, lnµp-Xzs¯ ]p\À\nÀh-Nn-¡tWm F¶p-ff Imcy-¯n-sem¶pw Ct¸mgpw Xocp-am-\-am-bn-«n-Ã. Gähp-sam-Sp-hn ]mÀ«n-bpsS ap³- A-[y-£³ _wKmcp e£vaWpw Agn-a-Xn-t¡-kn XolmÀ Pbn-en-te¡v bm{X-bm-bn. ]mÀ«n {]kn-Uâ v Øm\-t¯¡v ho≠­psa-¯m³ Im¯n-cn-¡p¶ KUvI-cn¡v apt¶m«v t]m I-W-sa-¦n ]mÀ«n-bpsS \jvS-s¸« Icp¯v hos­≠Spt¯ aXn-bm-Iq. Ct¸mgpw _nsP-]n¡v ià-amb _Z-embn Db-cm-\p-ff FÃm kml-N-cy-§fpw C´y³ cmjv{So-b-¯n \ne-\n¡p-¶p.

_nsP]n, tIm¬{K-knsâ

_n Sow

32 hÀjw ]n¶n-Sp-t¼mÄ hyXy-kvX-X bmÀ¶ ]mÀ«n-sb¶v Ah-Im-i-s¸«v Ah-X-cn-¨ _nsP]n, tIhew tIm¬{Kknsâ _n Sosa¶ \ne-bn-te¡v A[-x]-Xn-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv

1984-þ2 koäp-IÄ

1989-þ88 koäp-IÄ

1999-þ183 koäp-IÄ

2009þ114 koäp-IÄ

_nsP]n temIvk`-bn Zn]n³ Zmtam-Z-c³

32 hÀj-§Ä...Hcp cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«nsb kw_Ôn-¨nSt¯mfw Gsd \nÀWm-bIamWv. C¡-

gnª G{]n-en BtLm-j-§fpw BÀ`m-S-§-fp-anÃmsXbmWv C´y³ cmjv{So-b-¯n thdn« ]m À«n-bmbn Ah-X-cn¨ _nsP]n 32þmw hmÀjn-Iw BtLm-jn-¨Xv. kmwkvImcnI tZio-b-Xbpw GImßI am\-hn-I-Xbpw DbÀ¯n-¸n-Sn-¨v iyma{]kmZv apJÀPn cq]w \ÂInb `mc-Xob P\-kw-L-¯nsâ c≠­mw ]Xn-¸mbn AS _nlmcn hmPv]bn {] kn-Uâmbn _nsP]n Ah-X-cn¨-t¸mÄ {]Xo-£-IÄ Gsd-bm-bn-cp¶p C´y³ P\-X-bv¡v. tZio-b-Xbv¡v t]cv tI«, ASn-b-´-cm-h-Ø-bvs¡-Xnsc s]mcpXn Ncn-{X-¯nsâ `mK-amb Hcp kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S-\bpsS ]n´pW am{X-aà ]mÀ«n¡v Icp-¯m-bp≠-­m-bncp-¶-Xv, P\-§sf Adn-bp¶, Agn-a-Xn-bpsS Id-]pc-fm¯ Hcp ]äw t\Xm-¡-fp-ap-­≠m-bn-cp¶p ap¶n \n¶v \bn-¡m³. aq¶v ]Xn-äm≠-­p-IÄ¡n-¸pdw ]mÀ «n F¯n-\n¡p-¶Xv kzP-\-]-£-]m-X-¯n-sâbpw A[n-Im-c-{`-a-¯n-sâbpw Agn-a-Xn-bp-sSbpw A[mÀan-IX-bp-sSbpw a¯v ]nSn-¨v C´y³ \mj-W tIm¬{Kknsâ _n Sosa¶ \ne-bnemWv. C´y³ cmjv{Sobw AXnk-¦oÀW-amb Ah-Ø-bn-eqsSt]m-Ip-t¼mÄ ià-amb c­≠mw Xe-apd tIm¬{K-kn\v ] t\Xm-¡sf hfÀ¯pI Icw AXn-i-àAgn-a-Xn-¡m-cmb t\Xmamb Hcp _Z ¡Ä¡v ]mÀ«n-bn CSw \ Imew Bh-iyÂIm-Xn-cn-¡pI s¸-Sp-¶p. A\pIme-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v Iqe kml-N-cy]mÀ«n-bpsS \b-§Ä §fp≠m-bn«pw B ]p\À\nÀh-Nn-¡pI Øm\w I¿-SP\-§-fpsS {]iv\-§Ä ¡m³ _nsP-]n¡v Gsä-Sp¯v {]t£m-`-§Ä km[n-¡p-¶n-söBhn-jvI-cn-¡pI XmWv hkvXp-X. 1980  cq]w sIm≠­]mÀ«n 90-I-fpsS A´ywhsc hfÀ¨-bpsS {Km^v Xs¶-bm-bn-cp¶p ImWn-¨-Xv. hmPv]-bpsS [njWm ]mS-hhpw AZzm-\n-bpsS kwL-S\m anI-hpsaÃmw ]mÀ«nsb thdn«v \nÀ¯n-b-t¸mÄ knJvþhncp² Iem-]-¯n-s\-Xn-sc- cmjv{Sob i_vZ-am-Im-\pw \h- C-´y³ tZio-b-X-bpsS apJ-am-Im-\p-w ImivaoÀ hnL-S-\-hm-Z-¯n-s\-Xn-sc- s]mXp ¹mävt^m-am-Im-\psaÃmw _nsP-]n¡v km[n-¨p. t]mbv adª kphÀW\m-fp-I-fn Pohn¨ ]mÀ«n¡v {]tamZv alm-Ps\ t]m ep-ff B[p-\n-IX apdp-sI-¸n-Sn¨ t\Xm-¡-fpsS {]m tbm-KnI cmjv{So-b-¯nsâ X{´-§Ä IqSn Iqs«-¯nb-t¸mÄ A[n-Imc cmjv{So-b-¯nepw Ahn-`m-Py-L-S-Iam-Im³ Ignªp. cma-P·-`q-an {]t£m-`s¯ lnµp-tZio-b-X-bp-ambn Iq«n-bn-W-¡n-b-t¸mÄ t\SnbXv ]m Àe-saânse _nsP]n AwK-§-fpsS F®¯n h³hÀ[-\. 1984 temIvk`-bn tIhew c≠­v

KUvI-cn-bpsS {i²bv¡v

FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

koäp-Ifn \n¶v _n sP-]n 1989 88 koäp-Ifnte¡pw 1999 183 koäp-I-fnte¡pw F¯n. C´y³ cmjv{Sob¯n ]pXnb Ncn-{X-sa-gpXn 1999 apX 2004 hsc hmPv]bn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-¯n BZy-ambn Hcp-tIm¬{Kkv CXc kÀ¡mÀ A©v hÀjhpw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n. 20-Xn-e[nIw ]mÀ«n-I-f-S-§nb F³UnF kÀ¡mÀ kJy-I£n-`-c-W-¯n ]pXnb ]mX Xpd-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. km¼-¯nI cwK¯pw C´y IpXn-¨p, DZm-c-h¡cW \b-§Ä, hntZ-i-\n-t£-]-¯nse hÀ[\, FbÀsse-\p-IfpsS hmWn-Py-h¡-c-Ww, anI¨ hymh-km-bnI hfÀ¨, tKmÄU³ Izm{Un-em-ä-d ]²-Xn-, a[y-hÀK-¯n-\p-ff \nIp-Xn-bn-fhv...-Xp-S§n hnI-k-\-sa¶v tXm¶n¡p¶ \nc-h[n hgnIfn-eqsSbmWv biz´v kn³lsb¶ [\-Im-cy-a{´nsb Iq«p]n-Sn¨v hmPv] bn k©-cn-¨-Xv. \mY-\nÃm Ifcn F¶m 5 hÀjs¯ `cWw Hcp kwL-S-\sb¶ \ne-bn ]mÀ«nsb am{Xw F§p-sa-¯n-¨n-Ã. t\Xm-¡-·mÀ IqSp-X k¼-¶-cmb-t¸mÄ sXcsª-Sp¸v ]cm-P-b-§-fn \n¶v hnSp-X-en-ÃmsX ]m À«n kwØm-\-`-c-W-§fn-te-s¡m-Xp-§n. hmPv]bnbpw AZzm-\n bpw Ign-ªm ]mÀ«n¡v FSp-¯p-Im-Wn-¡m³ Ign-hpÅ Hcp t\Xm-hn-Ã. Hä-bm-\mbn Akm-[m-cW `c-W-]m-Sh¯neqsS ]m À«n-¡-Xo-X-\mbn KpPdm¯v hmgp¶ \tc-{µ-tamUnsb {Kq¸p-I-fn-IfpsS `mK-ambn tZio-b-X-e-¯nte¡v DbÀ¯p-¶p-an-Ã. tamUnsb amän \n À¯n-bm _nsP-]n¡v tZio-b-X-e-¯n -Hcp t\ Xm-hn-söv ]dbmw. A[nImcw \jvS-s¸«v 8 hÀjw ]n¶n-Sp-t¼mÄ _nsP]n Npcp-§n-t¸m-bn-, C´ybnse Gähpw henb kwØm-\¯v ]mÀ«n¡v Hcp tdmfp-an-Ã. {]Xn-]-£-¯nsâ Npa-Xe-IÄ A®m lkm-sc-amcpw _m_m cmwtZ-hp-amcpw Gsä-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ KUvI-

1951  tI{µ Kh¬saâ v auen-Im-h-Im-i-§-fpsS D]-hm-Iy-§Ä t`Z-KXn sN¿p-¶-Xn\v th≠n Hcp _nÃv ]mÀe-saân ]mÊm¡n. CXns\ ASn-Øm-\am¡n {]apJ ImÀ«q-WnÌv i¦À hc¨ ImÀ«q¬.

7


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Zn]n³ Zmtam-Z-c³

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e-hnse \½psS cmjv{So-bs¯ hy`n-Nm-ct¯mSmWv Hcp {]apJ tZiob kwL-S-\-bpsS ap³X-e-h³ GXm\pw hÀj-§Ä¡v ap¼v hntijn-¸n¨-Xv, tIc-f-¯n \S-¡p-¶Xv cmjv{So-b-aà cmjv{Sob Kq­≠m-bn-k-amWv, Hcp {]i-kvX- hyhkmb Øm]-\-¯nsâ Ub-d-Ivä-dpsS hm¡p-IÄ. Rm³ cmjv{So-b-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-t¶-bnÃ, \mSv \¶m-Im³ cmjv{Sobw Bh-iy-an-Ã, Bbn-c-¡-W¡n\v Bfp-IÄ tPmen sN¿p¶ asämcp ap³\ncI¼-\n-bpsS D¶-X-Øm-\-¯n-cn-¡p-¶-bm-fpsS A`n-{]mbw...-C{Xbv¡v Zpjn-¨-XmtWm cmjv{So-bw? Asæn AsX-§s\ C{Xbpw shdp-¡-s¸« hm¡m-bn? Pohn-X-¯n Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm³ ]äm¯ H¶m-tI≠­ cmjv{So-bs¯ km[m-c-W-¡mÀ Pohn-X-¯n \n¶v AIän \nÀ¯p¶p. cmjv{So-bhpw cmjv{So-b-¡mcpw AhÀ¡v shdp-¡-s¸« hm¡p-I-fmbn amdp¶p. CsX§s\ kw`-hn¨p? cmjv{Sobw cmjv{S-tam kwØm-\-tam \m«p-cm-Py-tam, AhnsS \ne-\n¡p¶ `c-W-hy-hØ F¯-c-¯n-em-bmepw icn, P\m-[n-]-Xytam GIm-[n-]-Xytam BI-s«, CXnsâ-sbÃmw KXn-hn-K-Xn-IÄ \nÝ-bn-¨n-cp-¶Xv temImcw`w apXÂt¡ cmjv{So-b-sa¶ {]{In-b-bm-Wv. cmjv{Sobw Ft¸mgpw cmjv{Ss¯ kw_-Ôn-¨p-f-fXm-Wv, AsÃ-¦n Bbn-cn-¡-Ww. Hcp cmjv{S-¯nsâ km¼-¯nI hyh-Øn-Xnsb hsc \nb-{´n¨v AXn\v ØncX ssIh-cn-¡p-¶-Xn cmjv{Sob CÑm-i-àn¡p-ff ]¦v \nÀWm-b-I-am-Wv. Ncn-{X-¯m-fp-IÄ adnbv¡p-t¼mÄ ià-amb hnI-knX cmjv{S-§Ä ]n d-hn-sb-Sp-¯Xv cmjv{Sobs¯ \bn-¡m³ Gähpw hnZym-k-¼-¶cpw ssh`-h-hp-w D-f-f-h-sc-¯n-b-t¸m-gmsW¶v hyà-amIpw. cmjv{So-b-s¯ ]ecpw \nÀhNn-¡p-¶Xv Xs¶ A¯-c-¯n-em-Wv. {Ko¡v hm¡mb Politikos (P\§fp-ambn _Ô-s¸«) - \n ¶pw Politics AsÃ-¦n cmjv{So-b-sa¶ ]Z-ap≠-­m-Ip¶Xv Xs¶, `c-W-Im-cy-§Ä \nÀh-ln-¡p-¶-Xnse imkv{Xw F¶ AÀ°-¯n-em-Wv. At¸mÄ B imkv{Xs¯ Adn-bm-¯-hÀ cmjv{So-b-¯n-se-¯nbm F§-s\-bn-cn-¡pw. Npcp-¡n-]-d-ªm C¶v tIc-f-¯n-epĸsSbpff cmjv{So-b- hyh-Øn-Xnbn Zriy-am-Ip¶ Agn-a-Xnbv¡pw kzP-\-]-£-]m-X-¯n \pw IpXn-c-¡-¨-h-S-¯n-\psaÃmw aqe-Im-cWw B imkv{Xw Adn-bm-¯-hÀ cmjv{Sobw ssIImcyw sN¿m-s\-¯n-b-Xm-Wv. ^etam Hcp ]£w F´v ] d-ªmepw bpàn-bn-ÃmsX adp-]£ -- -sa-XnÀ¡p¶ Xcw-XmW tIhe I£n-cm-jv{So-b-¯n-te¡v \mw Fdn-b-s¸-«p. kzmX-{´ye_v[n¡v ap¼v ]c-a-]-hn-{Xambn Icp-Xn-bn-cp¶ cmjv{So-b-amWv AXn\v tijw Ct¸mÄ thiym-hr-¯n-bp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNt¿≠­ ØnXn-bn F¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. A¶v cmjv{So-b¯n\v Np¡m³ ]nSn-¨n-cp-¶Xv kaq-l-¯nse Gähpw D¶-X-t{i-Wn-bn-ep-ff hnZym-k-¼-¶-cpw [nj-Wm-im-

8

en-I-fpambncp-s¶-¦n C¶Xv t\sc Xncn-¨v. tIcf-apĸ-sS-bp-ff kwØm-\-§-fn Ignhpw Kth-jW-a-\-Øn-Xn-bp-ap-ff cmjv{So-b-sa¶ imkv{Xs¯ Adn-bp-¶-hÀ \yq\-]-£-¯n \yq\-]£w am{Xw. knwK-¸qÀ t]mep-ff cmjv{S-§-fn _nkn-\kv kvIqfpI-fnepw aäpw H¶m-a-sX-¯p-¶hÀ cmjv{S-¯nsâ \bcq-]o-I-c-W-¯n ]¦m-fn-bm-Im³ B{K-ln¨v cmjv{So-b¯n-en-d-§p-t¼mÄ ChnsS Hcp -tPm-enbpw e`n-¡msX cmjv{So-bs¯ Id-h-¸-ip-hm-¡m-\m-{K-ln-¡p¶ {Inan-\ep-I-fpĸ-sS-bp-ffhcmWv `qcn-`m-Khpw `cn-¡m-s\-¯p¶-Xv. hf-cp¶ kaq-l-¯n ]e Xc-¯n-ep-ff A`n-{]mb-§fpw BZÀi-§fpw D≠­m-Ip-¶Xv kzm`m-hn-Iw, F¶m AXns\sbÃmw X½n _Ôn-¸n-¡p¶ Hcp s]mXp-L-S-I-s¯bmWv B kaq-l-¯nsâ hnI-k\w AsÃ-¦n \·-sb-s¶Ãmw \mw ] d-bp-¶-Xv. B e£y-¯n-te¡v hyXykvX A`n-{]m-b-§sf ka-hm-b-¯n-eqsS F¯n-¡m³ Ign-bp¶nS¯mWv Hcp cmjv{Sob hyh-Øn-XnbpsS hnP-bw. tIc-f-¯nsâ cmjv{Sob,_n-kn-\kv A´-co£w ]cn-tim[n¡pt¼mÄ B ] cm-Pbw {]Xy-£¯n Xs¶ {]I-S-am-Ipw. Ft¸mgpw {Inb-amß-I-amtI≠-­,

th W w

hf-cp¶ kaq-l-¯n ]e Xc-¯n-epff A`n-{]m-b-§fpw BZÀi-§fpw hcp-¶Xv kzm`m-hn-Iw. F¶m AXns\sbÃmw X½n _Ôn-¸n¡p¶ Hcp s]mXp-L-S-I-s¯bmWv kaq-l-¯nsâ hnI-k\w AsÃ-¦n \·-sb-s¶Ãmw ]d-bp-¶-Xv. B e£y¯n-te¡v hyXykvX A`n-{]m-b-§sf ka-hm-b-¯n-eqsS F¯n-¡m³ Ignbp¶nS¯mWv Hcp cmjv{Sob hyhØn-Xn-bpsS hnP-bw. tIc-f-¯nsâ cmjv{Sob,_n-kn-\kv A´-co£w ] cn-tim-[n¡pt¼mÄ A¯cw ka-hmb-§-fpsS A`mhw {]Xy-£-¯n Xs¶ {]I-S-am-Ipw. Ft¸mgpw {Inb-mß-I-am-tI­­­≠-­ AsÃ-¦n Constructive BtI≠­­cmjv{Sobw ChnsS AXm-bnsöv am{X-aà hn\m-i-Icw (Destructive) Bbn amdp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. {In bmßI cmjv{Sobw Xs¶ ]p\À \nÀh-Nn-t¡≠­ Ah-ØbmWv kwPm-X-am-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv

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AsÃ-¦n Constructive BtI≠­­ cmjv{Sobw ChnsS AXm-bn-söv am{X-aà Destructive Bbn amdp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. Constructive Politics F¶ ] Zw Xs¶ ]p\À\nÀh-Nn-t¡≠­ Ah-Ø. {Inbm-ßI cmjv{Sobw/ Constructive Politics {Inbm-ßI cmjv{So-b-¯nsâ A`mhw hnI-k-\-Imcy-¯n tIc-fs¯ 10-þ15 hÀjw ]n¶n-se¯n-s¨¶v ] d-ªm Hcn-¡epw AXn-i-tbm-àn-bm-In-Ã. km£-cXm \nc¡v 90 iX-am-\-¯n-e-[n-Iw, Ipdª acW \nc-¡v,

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hfsc Ipdª kvIqÄ t{Um]v Hu«v \nc-¡v, P\-kwJym- hfÀ¨m \n-c¡pw aäv kwØm-\-§sf At]-£n¨v hfsc Ipd-hv, bqtdm-¸n-t\mSpw Ata-cn-¡-tbmSpw InS-]n-Sn-¡-¯¡ coXn-bnÂ....-A-\p-Iqe kml-N-cy-§Ä \n c-h-[n. F¶n«pw tIc-f-sat´ Hcp km¼-¯nI-i-àn-bmbn amdmsX hnI-k-\-¯n ]nd-In \n ¡p-¶p? ImcWw efn-X-amWv ChnsS cmjv{Sobw hnI-k-\-¯n\v th­≠n-b-Ã, adn¨v hnI-k\w cmjv{Sob-¯n\v th­≠n-bmWv F¶Xv Xs¶. Ignª 5 hÀj-¯n-\nsS tIc-f-¯n tZiob ]mÀ«n-IÄ apX IS-em-kp-]mÀ«n-IÄ hsc \S-¯nb lÀ¯m-ep-I-fpsS IW-¡p-IÄ am{X-sa-Sp-¯m t_m[y-amIpw F{Xam{Xw hn\m-i-Ic-amWv (Destructive) \½psS cmjv{So-bsa-¶v. 2008 apX 2012 G{]n hsc 305 lÀ¯m-epFaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


I-fmWv tIc-f-¯n-emsI \S-¶-Xv. FÃm Xc-¯n-ep-ff D¸m-Z-\hpw km¼-¯nI {Ib-hn-{I-b-§fpw Hcp-]-cn[n hsc XS-k-s¸-Sp¶ C¯cw lÀ¯m-ep-IÄ kÀ¡m-cn\p-­≠m-¡p¶ km¼-¯nI _m[y-Xsb Ipdn¨v `cn-¡p¶-hÀ¡v t]mepw \nÝ-b-an-Ã. {Inbm-ßI cmjv{So-b¯nsâ A`mhw tIc-f-¯nsâ cmjv{So-b-N-cn-{X-¯nsâ Bcw`w apXÂt¡ ImWm³ km[n--¡pw. km[y-XItfm KpW-h-i-§tfm ]Tn-¡msX Iw]yq«-dns\ FXnÀ¯-Xp-ap-XÂ

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kvamÀ«v knän sshIn-¨Xv hsc AsX¯n \n¡p-¶p. ]≠­v Iw]yq-«-dns\ FXnÀ¯-hÀ¡v C¶v AXnÃmsX Pohn-¡m³ h¿m¯ Ah-Ø. AXpt]mse Xs¶ kvamÀ«v knänbpw. 5þ6 hÀjw ap¼v \S-¸m-t¡­≠ kvamÀ«v knän ]²Xn I£n cmjv{So-b-¯nsâ t]cn C¶pw \S-¸n h¶n-«n-Ã. sFSn-bpsS km[y-X-IÄ aäp-f-f-hÀ ]qÀW-ambpw {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¯n-¡-gn-ª-Xn\v tijamIpw \½-fXv \S-¸m-¡p-I. FIvkv{]kv sslth, sFän hnI-k-\w, hÃmÀ]mSw, sIm¨n sF]n-FÂ, apÃ-s¸-cn-bmÀ, sdbv Âsh ]²-Xn-IÄ...-cm-jv{Sob CÑm-i-àn-bpsS A`mh¯n \½Ä Hä-s¸-«p-t]mb kµÀ`FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

§Ä Gsd. aäp-ff kwØm-\-§-fn-seÃmw `cWw amdp-t¼mÄ hnI-k-\-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨bp-­≠m-Ip¶p, F¶m tIc-f-¯n `cWw amdp-t¼mÄ hnI-k-\- \-b-§Ä amdp-¶p. ^ew \½Ä hnI-k-\-¯n F§p-sa-¯m¯ AhØ. Imcy-§Ä¡v sNdnb tXmXn Ct¸mÄ amäw kw`-hn-¡p¶ bmYmÀ°yw ImWm-Xn-cn¡p-¶n-sÃ-¦nepw AXnsâ thKw IqSp-¶n-sÃ-¶XmWv ImX-emb {]iv\w. cmjv{Sob Adn-hn-Ãmbva Hcp ]mÀ«n-bpsS \b-§Ä aäp-]mÀ«n-IÄ I®pw]q«n FXnÀ¡p-¶Xv cmjv{Sob Adn-hnÃmbva Xs¶-bm-Wv. ImcWw cmjv{So-b-sa-¶Xv hyXykvX A`n-{]m-b-§fpsS ka-hm-b-¯neqsS \S-¸m-¡p¶ {]{In-b-bm-sW¶ t_m[w \½psS cmjv{Sob t\Xm-¡Ä¡n-sÃ-¶Xv Xs¶. hnhn[ {Kq¸p-I-fpsS A`n-{]mb-§Ä IW-¡n-se-Sp¯v s]mXp-hmb \bw cq]o-I-cn¨v \S-¸m-¡p-¶XmWv {Inbm-ßI cmjv{So-bw. AXv Xncn-¨-dn-ªm ]²-Xn-IÄ IrXy-k-a-b¯v \S-¸n-em-¡m³ BÀ¡pw km[n¡pw. P\-§Ä¡v {]Xy-£-amb coXn-bn KpW-^-e-§-fp-m­ -¡p¶ Xc-¯n cmjv{Sobw F¯n-bm XoÀ¨-bmbpw AhÀ cmjv{Sobs¯ shdp-¡-s¸-«-Xmbn Icp-Xn-Ã. cmjv{Sobw IqSp-X {Inbm-ß-I-ambmÂ, t]mkn-äohm-bm hnI-k\ `q]-S-¯n tIcf¯nsâ Øm\w k¦Â¸n-¡m-hp-¶-Xnepw A¸pd-¯m-Ipw. Cu ]Ým-¯-e¯n-emWv FaÀPnMv tIcf {Inbm-ßI cmjv{Sob-¯nsâ A`mhw tIc-fs¯ F§s\ _m[n-¨psh-¶-Xns\ Ipdn¨v tIc-f-¯nse cmjv{So-b-, -_n-kn-\ kv cwK-¯p-f-f-hcpsS A`n-{]m-b-§Ä At\z-jn-¡p¶Xv.

th≠Xv hn-I-k-\- cm-jv-{Sobw

A

-©phÀ-jw Iq-Sp-t¼mÄ D-­ ≠m-hp¶ `-c-Wam-ä§-sf Xp-SÀ¶v \-b-§-fnepw ]-²-Xn-I-fn-epw kw-`-hn-¡p-¶ hy-Xn-bm\-§Ä hf-sc Ku-c-h-am-bn k-ao-]n-t¡≠­ Im-cy-am-Wv. `-c-W-¯n-\p hy-àam-b Xp-SÀ-¨ In-«nbm am-{Xta hnIk-\ cwK-¯v C-Xn-sâ {]-Xn-^e-\ tXma-kv ap­≠mIq. F¶m tI-c-f-¯n-emsFk¡,v I-s« H-cp kÀ-¡m-cn-\pw Xp-SÀ-¨-bm- kn]nFw bn `-c-W-¯n-en-cn¡m³ km-[n-¨ntI{µ I½nän «nÃ. ]pXn-b ]pXn-b kÀ-¡m-cp-IÄ AwKw A-[n-Im-c-¯n-se-¯p-t¼mÄ \n-e-hnep-Å \-b-§-fnepw am-äw D≠­mIpw. ]-e-t¸mgpw hn-Zym`ymkw, B-tcmKyw Xp-S§n-b ta-J-e-I-fn-em-Wv \-bw am-dp-¶-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨v Øn-c-X-bnÃm-Xm-Ip-¶-Xv. hn-Ik-\ cm-jv-{So-b-¯n-sâ B-h-iy-I-X C-FwF-kv hf-sc ap-¼pXs¶ Nq-≠ ­ n-¡m-«n-bn-cp¶p. C¯-cw cm-jv-{So-b-¯n-eq-sS km-¼¯n-I h-fÀ-¨-bp-­≠m-¡p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w km-[m-cW-¡mc-\v A-h-cp-sS \ym-bam-b ]-¦p e-`n-¡p-¶pt­≠m F-¶p Iq-Sn D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯-W-sa-¶pw A-t±-lw hm-Zn¨p-. hn-I-k-\-¯n-sâ cm-jv-{So-b-am-Wv th-­-≠Xv AÃm-sX cmjv-{So-b-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\-aÃ. C-´y-bn-se a-tä-Xp kw-Øm-\-s¯bpw A-t]£n¨v tI-c-f-¯n-se km-[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡v sa-¨-s¸-« Pohn-X \n-e-hm-c-am-Wp-Å-Xv. ]mÀ¸n-S ku-Icyw, hn-Zym-`ymkw, B-tcm-Kyw F-¶o ta-J-e-Ifn \n-e-hm-cw ]p-eÀ¯p¶ tIc-fw C´ybn Fä-hpw th-K¯n h-fÀ-¶p sIm≠-­n-cn-¡p-¶ kw-Øm-\-am-bn am-dn-sIm≠-­n-cn-¡p-IbmWv. F¶m Cu h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡p ]cn-an-Xn-bp≠­v. Cu h-fÀ-¨ D-¸m-Z-\-ta-J-e-Ifn-se hn-Zy-mk-¼-¶cm-b B-fp-IÄ-¡v A-\p-tbm-Pyam-b sXm-gn-e-h-kc§Ä th­≠{X kr-ãn¨n-«nÃ. D-]-t`m-àr tk-h-\-s¯ A-Sn-Øm\-am-¡n-bpÅ km-¼¯n-I h-fÀ-¨-bm-Wv tIc-fw kzoI-cn-¨p sIm-­≠n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. C-u hnI-k-\ ap-t¶-äs¯ Irjn, hy-h-km-bw Xp-S§nb ASn-Øm\ -ta-J-e-Ifn-te-¡p Iq-Sn hym-]n-¸n¨v sXm-gn-e-h-kc-§Ä kr-ãn¡m-\m-hp-¶ D-]m-[n-bm-¡n am-ä-Ww. Ip-Sm-sX, ]pXn-b ta-Je-IÄ I-s­-≠¯p-\-Xn-t\m-sSm-¸w ]-c-¼-cmKX ta-J-e-I-fp-sS kw-c-£-Whpw Iq-Sn D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯Ww.

9


IhÀtÌmdn A-Xp k-aq-l-¯n-sâ sam-¯w [mÀ½n-I _m-[yX-bm-sW-¶ Xn-cn-¨-dn-hm-Wv D-­≠m-t-h-­≠Xv. kwØm-\-¯n-sâ hnI-k-\ Im-cy-§fn I-£n cm-jv-{So-b-¯n-\-Xo-X-am-bn hnIk\ Xp-SÀ-¨bv-¡p th­≠n {]-Xn-]-£hpw `-c-W-]-£-hpw H-cp-an--¡-W-w. ]-Wn-ap-S-¡p-Ifpw A-Xn-s\ Xp-SÀ¶p-≠ ­ m-Ip-¶ km-¼¯n-I sXmgn \-ã-§fpw a-äp k-w-Øm-\-§-sf A-t]-£n-¨v tI-c-f¯n Ip-d-hmWv. Hmtcm {]-t£m-`hpw A-[n-Im-cn-IÄ F§-s\ t\-cn-Sp-¶p F-¶-Xn-s\ B-{i-bn-¨m-bncn-¡pw A-Xnsâ ]n-¶o-Sp-Å {]-Xn-I-c-W§Ä. Hmtcm ta-J-e-bv¡pw A-\p-t-bm-Pyam-b co-Xnbn-ep-Å k-a-c co-Xn-I-fm-Wv sXm-g-n-em-fn-IÄ A-h-ew-_n-t¡-≠ ­ Xv. k-¦p-Nn-Xam-b cm-jv-{So-b Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sp-IÄ-¡-¸p-dw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hn-Ik\w D-≠ ­ m-h-W-sa-¶ ho-£-W-t¯mSv FÃmhÀ¡pw tbm-Pn-¸mWp-ÅXv. Cu- amäw hf-sc t]m-kn-äohm-b H-¶mWv.-

\ap¡v th≠Xv 10 hÀj-t¯-¡p-ff hnI-k\ ]²-Xn-IÄ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä Bcw-`n-¡pI. cmjv{Sobw, _nkn-\kv, aoUnb, _yqtdm-{Ikn XpS-§nb cwK-§-fn-ep-f-f-hsc DÄs¸-Sp-¯n-b kanXn¡mbn-cn-¡Ww CXnsâ \S-¸m-¡Â Npa-Xe `c-W-am-ä-§Ä¡-\p-k-cn¨v apI-fn ]dª kan-XnbwK-§Ä¡v amäw hcp-¯-cpX.v 10 hÀjt¯¡v \S-¸m-¡m-\p-ff ]²-Xn-I-fpsS enÌv cq]s¸-Sp-¯pI cmjv{So-b-¯n Ign-hp-ff [nj-Wm-im-en-I-sf¯m³ hnZymÀ°n cmjv{So-bw {Inbm-ß-I-am-¡pI tIc-f-¯n\v ]²-Xn-Ifpw km¼-¯nI klm-bhpw tI{µ-¯n \n¶pw e`n-¡p-¶-Xn\v Xan-gv\mSv t]m ep-ff kwØm-\-§Ä sN¿p-¶Xv t]mse FÃm cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IfpsSbpw kl-I-c-W-t¯msS ià-amb tem_n-bnMv \S¯pI lÀ¯m t]mep-ff {]Xn-tj[apd-IÄ P\-§fpsS kzmX{´yw l\n-¡p¶ kÀ¡mÀ Xocp-am-\§Äs¡-Xnsc am{Xw {]tbm-Kn-¡pI

hnI-kn-¡p-¶Xv cm{ão-b-]mÀ«n-IÄ

tI cf cmjv-{So-b-¯n Hcp]mSv amä-§Ä kw`-hn¨p.

cmjv{So-b-¯nsâ anI¨ kwkvImcw ChnsS \jvS-s¸«p. Ign-hpw `c-W-]m-S-hhpapÅ A\-h[n BfpIÄ Cu cwKt¯-¡v IS¶p hcp-¶p≠v. sI F³ F¦nepw sXc-sª-Sp-¸n aÀkq¡v, tIcf ]cm-P-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. AhcpsS tNw_À Hm^v {]hÀ¯-\-an-Ihv ChnsS sImtagvkv & {]I-Sn-¸n-¡m³ km[n-¡pC³Ukv{Sn ¶n-Ã. cmjv{So-bw IqSp-X sNbÀam³ ap³K-W-\ -hy-àn-IÄ¡p \ ÂIp-¶p. CXv cmjv{S-¯nsâ hnI-k-\s¯ ]nt¶m«v hen-¡p-¶p. cmjv{Sw hnIkn-¡p-t¼mÄ hyàn-IÄ hnI-kn¡pw F¶Xv t_m[-]qÀÆw ad-¶psIm≠v cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄ hyàn hnI-k-\-¯n am{X-amWv {i²n-¡p-¶-Xv. cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄ F¶ Nn´-bmWv BZyw amtd≠Xv. ]mÀ«n Nn´ hcpt¼mÄ AXv A[n-Imcw \ne-\nÀ¯p-¶-Xnepw, `cWw Gsä-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-ep-ambn HXp-§p¶p. C¯cw \njv{Inb cmjv{Sobw tIc-f-¯nsâ hnI-k-\s¯ 10-þ20 hÀj-§Ä hsc ]n¶nem¡nbn«p≠v. cmjv{So-b-¯n {]m[m\yw \ ÂtI≠Xv cmjv{S-¯nsâ ASn-Øm\ kuI-cyhn-I-k-\-¯n-\m-Wv. ASnØm\ kuIcy hnIk\w XS-k-s¸-Sp-t¼mÄ cmjv{S-¯nsâ ]p tcm-K-Xnbpw XS-k-s¸-Sp-¶p. {ioe¦ t]mepÅ cmPy-§sf cmjv{So-b-¯nepw hnI-k-\-¯nepw \ap¡v amXr-I-bm-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. \½psS \m«n \S-¡p-¶Xv {Inbm-ßI cmjv{So-b-aÃ, cmjv{So-b-¯nsâ AXn-{]-kcamWv. XqWnepw Xpcp-¼nepw cmjv{So-b-¯nsâ kzm[o\w sIm≠phcm³ {ian-¡p¶p. Hcp-]mSp cmjv{So-b¸mÀ«n-IÄ F¶ Nn´ amdp-¶-Xn-eqsSsb {InbmßI cmjv{Sobw \ne-hn hcq. hnZymÀ°n cmjv{So-bs¯bpw t{]mÂkm-ln-¸n-¡-Ww.

10

ive

ChnsS cmjv{SobanÃ, cm-jv{Sob Kq≠m-bnkw am{Xw

tI c-f-¯n cmjv{Sobw PoÀ®m-h-Ø-bn-em-Wv.

AXpsIm≠v Xs¶ kaq-l¯n \nebpw hne-bp-ap-Å-hÀ cmjv{So-b-¯n-en-d§n t]cp \ in-¸n-¡m³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶nÃ. ChnsS \S-¡p-¶Xv cmjv{So-b-atPmÀPv t]mÄ, Ã, cmjv{Sob Kq≠m-bn-k-am-Wv. Ub-d-IväÀ, kaql-¯n\p shÃp-hn-fn-bpknss´äv bÀ¯p¶ Izt«-j³ kwLC³U-kv{Sokv §sf kwc-£n¨v, hfÀ¯n enanäUv hep-Xm-¡p-¶Xv cmjv{Sob I£nI-fm-Wv. cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-I-fpsS \ne-\n¸v Izt«-j³ kwL-§sf B{ibn-¨mWv. cmjv{Sob t\Xm-¡-fpsS CS-s]-S DÅXn\m C¯-cw {]hÀ¯-\-§Äs¡-Xnsc \njv{In-b-cmbn-cn-¡ms\ t]meo-kn\p km[n-¡p-¶p-Åq. anI¨ `cW kwhn-[m-\-¯n-eqsS am{Xta cmjv{Sob Acm-P-I-Xz-¯-n\v hncm-a-an-Sm³ Ign-bq. `c-W-]£s¯ F´n\pw GXn\pw FXnÀ¡p¶ {]Xn-]£-s¯-b-Ã, adn¨v {Inbm-ßI kao-]-\hpw Nn´mK-Xn-bp-apÅ {]Xn-]-£-s¯-bmWv \ap-¡m-hiyw. A{Ia kz`m-h-apÅ cmjv{Sobhpw ka-c-§-fp-amWv {][m\ {]iv\w. ssN\-bp-tS-bpw aäpw hfÀ¨bv¡v ImcWw Ahn-Sps¯ A¨-S-¡-apÅ cmjv{So-b-amWv. A¨-S-¡-an-Ãm¯ cmjv{Sob¯neqsS hfÀ¨ apc-Sn¨ Hcp \mSmWv tIcfw. `cn-¡p¶ ]mÀ«n¡v {]m[m\yw e`n-¡p¶-Xn-\pth≠nbpÅ {]hÀ¯-\§-fmWnhnsS \S-¡p-¶-Xv. cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-IÄs¡m¸w am[y-a-§fpw \n kmc Imcy-§Ä sk³tk-j-\-ssekv sN¿p-¶p. kwØm-\-¯nsâ C³{^m-kv{S-Iv¨-À sUh-e-]vsaân `c-W-IÀ¯m-¡Ä {i²n-¡p-¶n-Ã. cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n-I-fpsS ]nSn-¸p-tISp \nan¯w tIc-f-¯nsâ hfÀ¨ 20 hÀj-sa-¦nepw ]nt¶m-t«¡v t]mbn«p≠v. kvamÀ«vknän, hÃmÀ]mSw F¶nh ]qÀ¯nbm-¡m-\m-Im-¯Xv CXn-\p-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv. cmjv{Sob-¯nsâ A´-k¯ DÄs¡m-Åm¯ hnZymÀ°n cmjv{Sobw ]qÀ®-ambpw \ntcm-[n-¡-W-sa-¶mWv Fsâ A`n{]mbw. hnZymÀ°n-cm-jv{Sobw ] e-t¸mgpw A{Ia-cm-jv{So-b-am-Ip-¶p. dqÄ Hm^v tem F¶ kao-]-\-¯n bmsXmcp hn[ hn«p-hogvNbpw ]mSn-Ã.

hnI-k-\-¯n {Inbm-ßI CS-s]-S thWw

P-

\m-[n-]-Xy-hy-h-Øn-Xnbn H-cp I-£n-bv-¡pw AhÀ t\ XrXzw \ÂIp¶ ap¶-Wn¡pw am-{X-sa A-[n-Im-c-¯nse¯m-³ ]äq. `-cn-¡p-¶-hÀ-¡v {In-bm-ß-I ]n´p-W \Â-Im³ {]-Xn]-£w X-¿m-dm-IWw. A-sÃ-¦n `-cnjm\n-tamÄ ¡p-¶-hÀ-¡v A-\-§m³ ]-änÃ. D-kv-am³, A-ta-cn-¡-bn-se {]-knUâ v XnFsF-knkn c-sª-Sp-¸v {i-²-tbm-sS ho-£nsk{I-«dn ¡p-¶-h-cm-Wv \½Ä. A-hn-Sps¯ cm-{ão-b hn-j-b-§Ä t]m epw \-½Ä C-hn-sS NÀ-¨ sN-¿m-dp≠­v. {]-knUâ v Xn-c-sª-Sp-¸v ]pÀ-¯n-bm-bn ^-ew ]p-d-¯p-h-¶m tXm-ä-bmÄ ]pXn-b {]-kn-Uân-\v hn-I-k-\-Im-cy§-fn ]n-´p-W {]-Jym-]n-¡pw. A-Xv hnI-k-\ hn-j-b-§-fn-ep-Å cm-{ão-b-¯n-sâ {In-bm-ß-Iam-b C-S-s]-S-em-Wv. \-½p-sS \m-«n cm-{ão-b cwK-¯v C§-s\ D-≠ ­ m-Ip-¶nÃ. C-Xv hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v tZmjw sN-¿pw. C¶-s¯ X-e-ap-d-bn-se t\-Xm-¡-fn ]-e-cpw hn-ZymÀ-°n cm-{ão-b-¯n \n-¶v -h-¶-hcmWv. Im¼-kv Po-hn-X-¯n H-cp hn-ZymÀ-°n H-cp cm-{ão-b kw-ln-X-bn B-Ir-ã-\m-bn A-Xn-sâ {]-Nm-c-I-\m-bn A-hn-sS \n¶pw Im-cy-§Ä ]Tn-¨mWv cm-{ão-b t\-Xm-hmIp-¶Xv. hn-ZymÀ-°n cm-{ãobw \n-tcm-[n-¨-Xn-eq-sS B {]-{In-b A-h-km-\n-¨p. Im-¼-kp-IÄ C-¶v k-Po-haÃ. cm-{ão-b-sa¶-Xv {]m-tbm-Kn-I-X-bp-sS an-dm¡n-sfm-¶p-aÃ, C-hn-sS B-

cm-{ão-b t\-XrXzw kÀ-Km-ß-I-amIWw

ct tru

s

c i t i ol

s Con

P

{Inbm-ß-I cm-{ão-b-¯n-sâ A-`m-hw tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hn-I-k-\-

s¯ h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw ]n -t¶m«m¡n. hn-I-k-\-Imcy¯n an-¡ kw-Øm-\-§-fn-se cm-{ãob ]mÀ-«n-Ifpw {]-mtZin-I I-£nI-fp-saÃmw H-ä-s¡-«m-bn \n AUz ]n F-kv Â-¡p-¶ H-cp co-Xn-bp≠­v. tI-c-f{io-[-c³-]n-Å, ¯n A-§s\-sbm-¶nÃ. C-hn_nsP]n sS F-´n-\pw G-Xn\pw cm-{ão-b t\Xmhv A-Xn{]-k-c-am-Wv. F-Xn-cm-fn-sb am-\n-¡p-Ibpw tbm-Pn-¡mhp¶ ta-J-e-Ifn tbm-Pn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-Ww F-¶pÅ-Xm-Wv P-\m-[n]-Xy kw-kv-Im-cw. F-¶m Hcp C-S-Xp-cm-{ão-b Np-äp-]m-Sn cq]-s¸-« tI-c-f-¯n sXäm-b \-b§-sf F-XnÀ-¡p-¶h-sc i-{Xp-hm-bn Im-Wp-¶ a-t\m-`m-h-am-Wp-Å-Xv. Cu co-Xn X-s¶bm-Wv ]n-¶o-Sv h--¶-hcpw ]n³-Xp-SÀ¶p-t]mcp-¶-Xv. tI-c-f¯n am-{X-aà _w-Km-fnepw C-XmWv ØnXn. ChnsS am-dn-am-dn `c-Ww \-S-¯p-¶ ap-¶-WnI-sf am{Xw Ip-ä-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«p- Im-cy-anÃ. k-{Inb-cm-{ão-b-¯n-sâ A-`m-h-am-Wn-Xn-\v ImcWw. tem-I-¯n-se G-Xv am-ähpw H-cp {In-tb-äo-hv ssa-t\mcn-än-sb kr-ãn-¡pw. A-Xn-\v D-Zm-l-c-Wam-WtÃm kzm-X-{´y-k-a-chpw A-Sn-b-´-cm-h-Øbpw. kzm-X-{´y-k-a-c-¯n-\v t\-XrXzw sIm-Sp¯-Xv Km-Ôn-Pn-sbbpw P-b-{]-Im-iv \m-cm-b-W-s\bpw t]m-epÅ c≠-­vi-X-am-\-t¯m-fw am{Xw h-cp-¶ {In-tb-än-hv ssa-t\mcnän hn-`m-K-amWv. A-hÀ¡vv B Xym-K-]qÀ-Wam-b C-S-s]-S-en-eq-sS H-cp am-äw D-­≠m¡m³ I-gn-ªp. A-¯-c-¯n kÀ-Km-ß-I-X-bp-Å H-cp {In-tb-äo-hv ssa-t\m-dn-«n-bp-sS A-`m-hw C-hnSp≠-­v. ssh-Im-cn-I-am-bn {]-iv-\§-sf k-ao-]n¡p-¶ H-cp P-\-k-aq-l-¯nsâ {]-iv-\-§Ä-¡v ]-cnlm-cw Im-Wm³ {i-an-¡m-¯ cm-jv-{Sobt\-Xr-Xz-amWv C-¶p-ÅXv. am-{Xaà cm-P-ss\Xn-I cwK-¯v B-tcm-KyI-camb am-ä-§Ä D-­≠m-¡m³ {i-an-¡msX Cu t\-Xm¡Ä FÃmw I-W-¡p-]d-ªp hm-§p¶ "]hÀ'- s]m-fn-änIv-kn-sâ `m-K-am-bn amdn. ap-¸XvsImÃw ap³-]v H-cp hn-Zym-e-b-¯n I-S-¶p-sN-¶v H-cp hn-ZymÀ°n-tbm-Sv B-cm-Wv \n-§-fp-sS amXy-I F-¶p tNm-Zn-¨m A-hÀ Nq-­≠n-Im-Wn-¨n-cp¶-Xv cmP-ss\Xn-I cwK-¯v {]-hÀ-¯n-¨n-cp¶ P-h-lÀ-em s\-lv-dp-hn-s\bpw C-Fw-F-kn-s\bpw H-s¡-bm-bncp-¶p. F-¶m C-¶v Cu tNmZyw B-hÀ-¯n-¨m {In¡-äv, kn\nam cwK-§-fn-ep-Å-h-cm-bn-cn¡pw A-hcp-sS am-Xr-I-IÄ. C-¶v \-½p-sS cm-jv-{So-b cwK-¯v am-Xr-I-I-fnÃm-Xm-bn-cn-¡p¶p. cm-{ão-b-cw-K-t¯-bv¡v I-S-¶p-h-cm³ ]p-Xp-X-eap-d a-Sn-¡p-¶Xpw k-{Iob-cm-{ão-b-¯n-sâ A-`m-h-w aq-e-am-Wv. hn-Zym-`ym-k Im-cy-§-fn ap-¶n-«p \nÂ-¡p-¶ X-e-ap-d-bn-se {]-Xn-`-Ifpw [nj-Wm-im-en-I-fp-am-b H¶pw c≠­pw Im-ä-K-dn-bnÂ-s¸-«-hÀ a-äv ta-J-e tX-Sp-t¼mÄ aq¶mw Im-ä-K-dn-bn s]-«-hÀ-am-{X-am-Wv C-¶v cm-jv{Sob-s¯ k-ao-]n-¡p-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm≠-­vX-s¶ cm{ãw tem-]n-¨v hy-àn-bn-se-¯n \nÂ-¡p-¶ Øn-Xnbm-Wp-ÅXv. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ am-\kn-I B-tcmKyhpw X-I-cp-I-bmWv. a-Zy D-]-t`m-K-¯n-sâ Im-cy-¯n ap-¶n-em-Wv tI-c-fw. ImÀjn-I ta-J-e-bp-sS 25 iX-am-\w kw-`m-h-\ sN-¿m³ I-gn-ªn-cp-¶ tIc-fw C-¶v t\À-]-IpXn-t]m-epw D-¸-¶-§Ä D-¸m-Zn-¸n¡m³ I-gn-bm-¯ A-h-Ø-bn-emWv.

hiyw A-\p-`-h-]m-c-¼-cy-amWv. A-§-s\- A-h-Im-i-s¸Sm³ I-gn-bp-¶ t\-Xm-¡-fm-bn-cp-¶p sI I-cp-Wm-I-c-\pw C sI \m-b-\mcp-sam-s¡. C-¶-s¯ cm-{ão-b cwKw ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hnXzw \nd-ªp \nÂ-¡p-¶Xm-Wv. Cu taÂtIm-bv-abpw Nn-´m-K-Xnbpw am-tä≠-­Im-ew A-Xn-{I-an¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. F-Iv-kv-{]-kv ssl-th t]m-ep-Å A-Sn-Øm\-hnI-k-\ ]-²-Xn-IÄ h-cp-t¼mÄ A-Xn-s\ A-Ôam-b cm-{ão-b hn-tcm-[w D-]-tbm-Kn-¨v F-XnÀ-¡p¶-Xv i-cnbmb \-S-]-Sn-bÃ. (Sn ]n {]im-´v, e£van \mcm-b-W³ F¶n-h-cpsS dnt¸mÀ«p-I-tfm-sS)

FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


ssew sseäv

Wonderla

ARvPen tKm]m-e³

Db-c-§-fn-te¡v kmc-Yn-bmbv Acp¬ Nnän-e-¸nÅn

C

´y-bnse {]ikvX hm«À Aayqkv saâ v ]mÀ¡mb h≠ÀembpsS amt\-PnMv Ub-d-IväÀ ]Zhn C\n Acp¬ Nnän-e-¸nÅn¡v. hnþKmÀ-Uv {Kq¸nsâ FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv Ub-d-Ivä-dmbn-cp¶ Acp¬, h≠À embpsS hnI-k-\-¯n\mbn h³ ]²-Xn-I-fmWv Bkq-{XWw sNbvXncn¡p-¶Xv. sIm¨n-bn h³ hnP-b-amb h≠À embpsS _mw¥qÀ imJ-bp-sS \ho-I-c-W-¯n\v ap³Xq¡w \ÂIn-s¡m≠v, sslZ-cm-_mZv, sNss¶ XpS-§nb sat{Sm \K-c-§-fn-te¡pw h≠À embpsS imJ-IÄ Xpd-¡m³ Hcp-§p-IbmWv Acp¬. CXn-\mbn sslZ-cm-_m-Zn 50 G¡À `qan Gsä-Sp¯p Ignªp. sNss¶-bn `qan hm§m³ Hcp-§p-¶p. GItZiw 550 tImSn cq]-bpsS ]²-Xn-I-fmWv Cu c≠v \K-c-§-fn-embn ]pXnb amt\-PnMv Ub-d-IväÀ hn`m-h\w sN¿p-¶Xv. IqSmsX hoKmemâ v sUh-e-t¸gvkv ss{]häv enan-äUv F¶ t]cn sIm¨n BØm-\-amb dnb FtÌäv cwK-t¯¡pw ChÀ {]th-in¨p Ign-ªp. C´y apgph³ Aayq-kvsaâ v ]mÀ¡pIÄ hym]n-¸n¨v h≠Àem {Kq¸ns\ iàn-s¸-Sp-¯m-\pÅ X{´-

temIs¯ kzm[o-\n¨ h\nX ssSw amK-kn³ ]pd-¯n-d¡nb temIs¯ kzm[o-\n ¨ 100 h\n-X-I-fp-sS ]«n-I-bneqsS FbvUvkv _m[n-X-cpsS t£a-¯n\pw ]p\-c-[n-hm-k¯n\pw th≠n {]h-À¯n¡p¶ UÂln BØm-\-amb \m kv ^ut≠jsâ Øm]I ARvPen tKm]m-e³ {it²-bbm-Ip¶p. {]hÀ¯\ anI-hpw AÀ¸W at\m-`m-h-hpamWv Cu A]qÀÆ t\«w ssIh-cn-¡m³ ARvP-en¡v XpW-bm-bXv. kzhÀKm-\p-cm-Kn-I-fp-tS-bpw lnP-U-I-fp-tSbpw Ah-Im-i§Ä kwc-£n-¡p-¶-Xn-\mbn \mkv ^ut≠js\ ap³ \nÀ ¯n ARvPen \S-¯nb t]m

§Ä sa\-bp-I-bmWv Acp¬ Nnän-e-¸nÅn.

cm«w BtKm-f-X-e-¯n {i²n ¡-s¸« H¶m-bn-cp-¶p. 2005  kam-[m-\-¯n-\pÅ s\mt_ ]pc-kv¡mc¯n\v \ma-\nÀtZiw sN¿-s¸« ARvPen tKm]m-esâ kmao ]yw C´y³ \K-c-§-fn shdp¡-s¸«p Ignªncp¶ FbvUv kv tcmKn-IÄ¡v hensbmcp Bizm-k-am-bn-cp¶p. {_n«ojv Ime-L«w apX \ne-\n-¶ncp¶ B¬-þ-s]¬ hn`m-Ko-b-Xs¡-Xn-tcbpw \yq\-]£ hn`mKo-b-X-s¡-Xn-tcbpw ià-ambn {]Xn-I-cn-¡m³ Ign-ªXpw A¯cw I¸nX \nb-a-§fn Agn-¨p-]Wn \S-¯m-\m-b-XpamWv ARvP-en-bpsS hnP-b¯nsâ {][m-\-L-S-Iw.

s^bvkv_p¡v tem

Is¯ `cn-¡p¶ tkmjyÂs\äv hÀ¡nMv sskämb s^bvkv_p-¡v s{]mUIväv amt\-Pdmbn A`oJv B\µv F¶ D¯À{]-tZ-ip-Im-cs\ tImSn-IÄ \ÂIn kz´-am-¡n. A`oJv hnI-kn-¸n-s¨Sp¯ "SmKvsse³.tImw' F¶ sam_o B¹nt¡-j³ tkm^väv shb-dn\p s^bvkv_p¡v C« hne aney¬ tUmfÀ. km³ {^m³knkvtIm kztZ-in-bmb sIhn³ knkvt{Sm-an \n¶pw "C³Ìm{Kmw' F¶ t^mt«m sjb-dnwKv tkm^väv shbÀ s^bvkv_p¡v kz´-am-¡n-b-Xn-s\m-¸-amWv Cu C´y-¡m-c-tâbpw t\«w.- sF.-sF.Sn UÂln ]q ÀÆ hnZymÀ°n-bmb A`oJv, kplr¯v tkmlw aPpw-Zm-dnsâ klm-b-t¯m-sS-bmWv SmKvsse\n\v Poh³ \ÂIn-b-Xv. _nkn-\-Êp-ambn bmsXmcp _Ô-hp-an-Ãm¯ IpSpw-_-¯nse AwK-amb A`oJv, s^bvkv_p-¡p-ambn tNÀ¶pÅ Hscmä hym]m-c-¯n-eq-sS- tImSo-iz-c-\m-bn-cn-¡p-Ibm-Wv. s^bvkv_p¡n-s\-¡mfpw anI¨ Hcp tkmjy aoUnb Cà F¶ Xncn-¨dn-hmWv A`o-Jns\ Xsâ I≠p]n-Sp¯w s^bvkv_p-¡n\v Xs¶ hn¡m³ t{] cn-¸n-¨-Xv. s^bvkv_p-¡nsâ ssP{X-bm-{X-bn C\n Hcp C´y-¡m-csâ kmao-]y -hpap≠v F¶v \ap¡v A`n-am-\n-¡mw. FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

11


kz-Imcy tlm-«Â hy-hkm-b ta-J-e Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v D-WÀ-¶p {]-hÀ-¯n-t¡­-≠Xv Im-e¯n-sâ A-\n-hm-cy-X-bmWv. an-I-¨ B-Xn-Yy ku-I-cy-§-sfm-cp-¡n Cu ta-J-e-sb B-IÀj-Iam-¡Ww. tlmw-kv-tä t]m-ep-Å kw-c-w`-§Ä-¡v kÀ-¡mÀ ]n´p-W \Â-I-Ww. SqÀ Hm-¸-td-ä-amÀ, {Sm-h G-P³-knIÄ F-¶n-h-cpsS anI-hv Cu cwK-¯v {]m-[m-\y-aÀ-ln-¡p-¶pan-I-¨ B-Xn-Yy ku-I-cy-§-sfm-cp-¡n Cu ta-J-e-sb IqSp-X BIÀj-I-am-t¡-­-≠XmWv. tlmw-kv-tä t]m-ep-Å kw-c-w-`-§Ä¡v kÀ-¡mÀ ]n´p-W \Â-I-Ww. SqÀ Hm-¸-td-ä-amÀ, {Sm-h G-P³-knIÄ, ssK-UpIÄ F-¶n-h-cp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\- anI-hv Cu cwK-¯v {]m-[m-\y-aÀ-ln-¡p-¶p. A-´m-cm-jv-{S SqÀ Hm-¸-tdäÀ-am-cp-am-bp-Å _-Ôw \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-Ibpw an-I-¨ amÀ-¡-än-§v X-{´-§Ä {]-tbm-Kn-¡p-Ibpw th-Ww. Hm¬-sse³ amÀ-¡än§v, tdm-Uv-tjm-IÄ, \ho-\ ]-c-ky {]-Nm-c-W co-Xn-IÄ F¶n-h DÄ-s¸-Sp-¯n tem-I {i-²-bm-IÀ-jn¡m³ I-gn-b-Ww. FÃm cm-Py-¡m-scbpw B-IÀ-jn¡m³ I-gn-bp-¶ X-c-¯n-ep-Å ]-²-Xn-IÄ B-kq-{X-Ww sN-¿-Ww. C¯-h-W _-Pän 175 tIm-Sn cq-]-tbm-fw Sq-dnkw ta-J-e-bv-¡p h-I-bn-cp-¯n-b-Xv ip-`{]Xo-£ \Â-Ip-¶ Im-cy-am-Wv. an-I-hp-ä {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡mbn Cu Xp-I hn-\n-tbm-Kn-¡-Ww. \n-e-hn ap-kv-co-kv ]-²Xn, t_-¡Â Sq-dnkw, tImh-fw Sq-dn-kw ]-²-XnIÄ, C-S-bv¡Â Sqdn-kw, Im-kÀ-tIm-s« dm-Wn-a-e Sq-dn-kw F-¶n-h-bv-¡p Po-h³ \Â-In \m-Sn-sâ hn-t\m-Z k©m-c ta-J-e-bv-¡p ]pXn-b ap-Jw \ÂIm³ kÀ-¡m-cn-\p I-gn-b-Ww. N-cn-{X {]m -[m-\y-s¯ Sq-dn-k-¯n-sâ ap-Jy-[m-c-bn-te-¡v sIm≠-­p h-cm³ bXv\n-¡Ww. am-{X-aÃ, kÀ-¡mdpw kz-Im-cy ta-J-e-bp-w H-s¯m-cp-an-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¨m am-{X-ta Cu ta-J-e-bv-¡p C-\nbpw ap-t¶dm³ Ignbq.

tX-Smw ImgvN

hnI-k-\ hntZi k©m-cn-I-Ä B`y-´c k©m-cn-IÄ

2004

2005

28

.5

4.3

2006

2007

al

2008

m-c

P-Ø

mj

cm

v{S

100%

2010

7.2

KmÄ

_w Ìv

sh

9.4 D¯À{]-tZ-iv

2009

9.7

2003

3.5

5.6

h

2002

3.5

6.6

6.0

5.2

p-Å

2.3

2.9

10.15

9.64

8.84

10.78

9.99

9.75

11.81

11.34

n 10 .6

10.81

UÂl

{]

-Ir-Xn-bp-sS ssh-hn-[y-amÀ-¶ hÀ-®-hn-kv-a-b-§fm A-\p-{K-lo-Xam--Wv tI-cfw. hnt\mZ-k©mc hnIk\¯n\v B-¡w Iq-«p¶ apJy LSI§fpsS Imcy¯nepw tIcfw Gsd k¼¶amWv. hnZym`ymkw, Btcm-Kyw, sshZyklmbe`yX, ipNnXzw, KXm-KXkuIcyw, kÀ¡mcnsâ A\pIqekao]\w, `{Zamb {Iakam[m\ \ne, F¶n-§-s\-bpÅ L-SI§Ä tIcfs¯ Sqdnkw hyhkmb¯n\v A\ptbmPyamb HcnSam¡p-¶p. kpµcamb kap{ZXo-c§Ä, Im-b-temc§Ä, kpKÔhn`h§fpw P´pkkysshhn[y-§fpw lcnX-Im-´n- \ndª Im\\§fpw ] ÀhX§fpw, aªp tabp¶ Xm-gv-hc-I-fp-w, an-I-¨ I-em-cq-]-§fpw, B-bpÀ-th-Zhpw tem-I Sq-dn-kw `q-]-S¯n tI-c-f-¯nsâ Øm-\-ap-d-¸n-¡p-¶p. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I ap-t¶-ä-¯n-\v h-gn-sbm-cp-¡p¶ Cu t-{km-X-Ên-s\ th­≠pw hn-[w D-]-tbm-Ks¸-Sp-¯ntbm F-¶p IqSn ]p-\x-]-cn-tim-[n-t¡≠­-Xp-­≠v. hn-t\m-Zk©m-c ta-J-ebn-s-e km-[yX-IÄ a-\-Ên-em¡n 1980 ap-X-emWv kwkvYm\ Sqdnkw hIp¸v hnIk\-{] hÀ-¯\§Ä imkv{Xobambn XpS§nb-Xv. Xp-SÀ-¶v 1985 kÀ¡mÀ Cu cw-K-s¯- hy-h-km-b-am-bn {]-Jym-]n-¨p. C-tXmsS Cu ta-J-ebn kz-Im-cy ]-¦m-fn-¯w Iq-Sn. tem-I-¯n-\p ap¶n tI-c-f-s¯ hn-t\m-Zk©m-c ta-J-e-bm-bn ]-cn-N-b-s¸Sp-¯p-¶Xn kz-Im-cy hy-h-km-bn-I-fp-sS ]-¦v h-ep-XmWv. 1980 25,000 hntZi hn-t\m-Z-k-©m-cnIÄ k-µÀ-in-¨n-cp¶ tIc-fw C-¶v 7.5 e£w t]-cp-sS C-ã tI-{µ-am-bn am-dn-¡-gnªn-cn-¡p-¶p. C-Xn-\p ]pd-sa 70 e-£-t¯mfw -hcp-¶ B-`y´-c k-©m-cn-IÄ th-sd-bpw. A¶pw C¶pw A-hÀ-¡p ap¶n Im-gv-¨-sbm-cp-¡p-¶-Xv \-½psS ]-c-¼-cm-K-X ta-Je-IÄ am-{XamWv. C-sXm-cp shÃp-hn-fn-bmWv. ]pXn-b ta-J-eI-sf I-s≠­t¯≠-­ka-bw A-Xn-{I-an-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. am-{X-aà a-e_mÀ ta-J-e-bn h-b-\mSn am-{X-am-bn Sq-dn-kw H-Xp-§n-bn-cn-¡pI-bm-Wv. t_-¡Â t]m-ep-Å Øe-§Ä Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v Im-Wm-a-db-¯p In-S-¡p-I-bmWv. N-cn-{X-ap-d-§p-¶ Cu a®n A-h-bp-sS Xm-fp-IÄ Np-cp-f-gn-¨v th≠-­p-whn-[w A-h-X-cn-¸n¨m H-«-\h-[n km-[y-X-IÄ-¡p AXp h-gn-Xp-d-¡pw. \n-e-hn-se {]-Ir-Xn t{km-X-ÊpI-sf sa-¨-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w ]pXn-b ta-Je-IÄ Iq-Sn \-ap-¡v A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡m-\m-h-Ww. C-Xn-\m-bn hnhn-[ PnÃIfnepapÅ Sqdnkw s{]mtamj³ Iu¬kn-epIÄ Ip-ä-a-ä-Xm-bn {]-hÀ-¯n-¡Ww. F¶m am-{X-ta \n-e-\n Â-¡m-\m-hq. B-bpÀ-th-Z-¯n-sâ km-[yX-IÄ C-Xph-sc th-­ ≠pw-hn-[w \-½Ä Sq-dn-kw ta-J-ebn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n-bn«nÃ. kp-J, tcm-K Nn-In-Õ-IÄ¡m-bn B-bpÀ-th-Z-s¯ tX-Snsb-¯p-¶-h-cp-sS F-®w hÀ-jw{]-Xn hÀ-²n-¨p h-cn-I-bm-Wv. Cu taJ-e-I-fn-seÃmw B-bpÀ-th-Z-s¯ ]-c-amh-[n D-]-tbmK-s¸-Sp-t¯-­-≠Xp≠-­v. C-Xn-eq-sS tI-c-f-s¯ tem-I-¯n-\p ap¶n B-bpÀth-Z tI-{µ-am-¡n amäm³ I-gn-bWw. kz-Imcy tlm-«Â hy-hkm-b ta-J-e Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v D-WÀ-¶p {]-hÀ-¯n-t¡­-≠Xv Im-e-¯n-sâ A-\n-hm-cy-X-bmWv.

Sqdnkw

Xan-gv\mSv 15.7

{]tim`v sI ]n

SPECIAL STORY

6.7

fw 3.7

tIc

_olmÀ 3.6 lnam-NÂ{]tZiv 2.5 tKmh 2.5

{]tXyI A`n-apJw F ]n A\nÂIp-amÀ, Sqdnkw hIp¸v a{´n

"Sqdn-k-¯nsâ KpW-^-e-§Ä km[m-c-W-¡mÀ¡v e`y-am¡pw' Sn F³ jmPn

Sq dnksa¶Xv tIhew hnt\m-tZm-]m[n am{X-a-Ã,

adn¨v hntZ-i-\mWyw t\ Sn-¯-cp-¶-Xpw B`y´c km¼-¯n-I hf-À¨sb Xzcn-X-s¸-Sp¯p¶-Xp-amb hf-sc {][m-\-s¸« Hcp taJ-e-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv. ]pXnb sUÌn-t\-j-\p-IÄ Is­­­≠­ ¯p-Ibpw Ahsb ^e-{]-Z-ambn amÀ¡-äv sN¿pIbpw

th≠Xv ISp¯ aÂkcw t\cn-Sp¶ Cu cwK¯v Hcp shÃp-hn-fn-bmWv. tIcfw Cu cwK¯v ^e-{]-Z-amb ]e \S-]-Sn-Ifpw kzoI-cn-¨p-sIm ≠ncn¡p-¶p. CXnsâ KpW ^e-§Ä kao-]-`m-hn-bn Xs¶ D≠mhpw F¶ {]Xo£-bmWv tIcfm Sqdnkw h Ip¸v a{´n F ]n A\n IpamÀ FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bv¡ \p-h-Zn¨ A`n-ap-J-¯n ]¦p-h¨-Xv. aäp kwØm-\§sf At]£n¨v Sqdnkw cwK¯v tIc-f¯n-\pÅ km[y-X-IÄ Fs´Ã-m-amWv? Sqdn-k-¯n-\pÅ km[yX-IÄ I≠dnªv AXnsâ hfÀ¨¡v th≠ \S-]Sn-IÄ

F ]n A\nÂIpamÀ

12

FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


Follow-up : hnI-k\ IpXn-¸n\v 10 taJ-e-IÄ

bpsS ambm-temIw

-¯n-tâbpw

kzoI-cn-¡p-¶-Xn aäp kwØm-\-§sf At]-£n¨v tIcfw F¶pw ap¶n-em-bn-cp¶p. \qX-\-amb ]e s{]m tam-j³ ]²-Xn-IÄ¡pw XpS¡w Ipdn-¨Xpw tIc-fam-bn-cp-¶p. Ct¸mÄ tIcf Sqdnkw 25 hÀjw ]n¶n-Sp-Ibm-Wv. aäp kwØm-\-§-tf¡mÄ IqSp-X km[y-X-IÄ Cu cwK¯v tIc-f-¯n\p≠v. FÃm taJ-e-Ifnepw AXnsâ km¶n[y-ap≠v. Imb Sqdn-kw, _o¨v Sqdn-kw, BbpÀthZ Sqdn-kw, sldntäPv Sqdnkw XpS-§nbh Nne DZm-l-c-W-§Ä am{Xw. tIcf-¯n-tâXp t]mse {]IrXn `wKnbpÅ \mSp-IÄ temI-¯v thsdbpw D≠mhmw. F¶m AtXm-sSm¸w C{Xbpw A\p-Iqe-amb Imem-h-Ø F§p-ap≠mhnÃ. CXv Sqdn-k-¯n\v Gsd klm-bI-amb LS-IamWv. C\nbpw IS¶p sNtÃ-≠Xmb ] e taJ-e-Ifpw \ap-¡p≠v. Ah Is≠¯n k{In-b-ambn D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯pI F¶XmWv Ic-Wo-b-am-bn-«p-ÅXv. apkvcokv ]²Xn AXnsâ `mK-amWv. FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

a¬a-dª \½psS ss]Xr-I¯nsâ ]p\-cp-Öo-h-\-amWv Cu ]²Xn e£y-anSp-¶-Xv. Hcp Ime¯v temIs¯ aäp cmPy-§-fp-ambn hym]m-c-_-Ôw ]p eÀ¯n-bn-cp¶ \mSm-bn-cp¶p \½p-tSXv. sldn-täPv Sqdnk¯n\v ià-amb apt¶ä-ap≠m¡phm³ ]cym-]vX-amb H¶mWv

apkvcokv ]²Xn. hnt\m-Z-k-©m-cnIÄs¡m¸w temI-¯nse hnhn[ kÀÆ-I-em-im-eIfn \n¶pw hnZymÀ°nIÄ Kth-j-WmÀ°w Cu Ncn{X \K-c-¯n-te¡p hcm-\pÅ kml-N-cyw Hcp-¡p-hm-\mWv e£y-anSp-¶-Xv. hntZi SqdnÌpI-tfmSpÅ \½psS kao]\w hfsc tamiam-sW¶ Hcp ] cm-Xn-bp≠tÃm, CXn-s\-¡p-dn¨v F´mWv ]d-bm-\pÅXv? Hä-s¸« kw`-h-§-fmbn am{Xta AXns\ ImWm\m-hq. an¡ Øe¯pw \à kzoI-c-W-amWv AhÀ¡p e`n-¡p-¶-Xv. Sqdn-k-¯neqsS e`n-¡p¶ hcp-am\hpw AXn-sâ sXmgn km[y-X-I-sfbpw Ipdn¨v C¶v \½psS P\§Ä hfsc t_m[hm³am-cm-Wv. Nne {]iv\-§Ä \ne \n¡p-¶p≠v F¶Xv hkvXp-Xbm-Wv. kÀ¡mÀ Cu Imcy-¯nÂ

13


SPECIAL STORY ^e{]Z-amb ]e \S-]-Sn-Ifpw kzoI-cn-¡p-¶p≠v. P\-§-fpsS `mK-¯p-\n¶pw hfsc {Inbm-ßI-amb kl-I-c-W-amWv C¡mcy-¯n DÅ-Xv. Hcp-]n Sn k¼-¶-³amÀt¡m, hyh-km-bn-IÄt¡m am{X-ap-Å-Xà Sqdnkw cwK-sa¶pw adn¨v FÃm P\-§Ä¡pw CXn ]¦m-fnI-fm-Im\pw AXnsâ KpW-^-e-§Ä A\p-`-hn-¡p-hm\pw Ign-b-W-sa¶-Xp-am-Wv R§Ä {]N-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv. AXn-\p Å DZya-§Ä¡mWv Du¶Â \ÂIp-¶Xv. hntZi Sqdn-Ìp-IÄ shdpw ImgvN-¡mÀ¡-¸pdw \½psS km¼-¯nI, kmaq-lnI hfÀ¨-bn klm-bn-¡p-¶-h-cm-sW¶ Xncn-¨-dnhpw P\-§Ä ¡p≠mbn«p≠v. C¯cw A\p-Iqe LS-I-§Ä tIc-f-¯nsâ sam¯w hfÀ¨-bp-ambn F§s\ _Ôn-¸n-¡m³ Ignbpw? t]mkn-äo-hmb ]e- L-S-I-§Ä¡p-sam¸w Nne {] iv\-§fpw \½psS ap¶n-ep≠v. cmjv{Sobw ChnsS hfsc sk³kn-äo-hv BWv, {]tXy-In¨pw I£n cmjv{Sobw. AXpsIm≠pXs¶, \nÀWm-b-I-amb ]e Xocp-am-\-§-tfbpw kwi-b-t¯msS ho£n-¡p¶ Hc-hØ \ne-\n¡p¶p. F¶n-cp-¶m-epw, Sqdnkw cwK-¯pÅ \nt£-]-§sf cmjv{Sob hyXymkw ad¶v FÃm-hcpw ]n´p-W-bv¡p¶p F¶Xv {] Xo-£bv¡v hI \ÂIp-¶p. AXp-sIm≠pXs¶, Sqdnkw Hcp hyhkmbw F¶ \ne-bn h³ hfÀ¨ ssIh-cn-¡p-Ibpw kwØm-\-¯nsâ km¼¯nI cwK¯v Hcp apX¡q-«m-IpIbpw sN¿p-w. t_¡Â Sqdnkw apX-emb ]²-Xn-IÄ s]mXp, kzIm-cy taJ-e-bn tbmPn¨v \S-¯m-\pÅ Xocpam-\-¯n\v FÃm `mK-¯p-\n¶pw th≠ ]n´pW e`n-¡p-I-bp≠mbn. ap¼v CXm-bn-cp-¶nà ØnXn. Sqdnkw cwKw t\cn-Sp¶ {][m\ shÃp-hn-fnIÄ Fs´ÃmamWv? H¶m-a-Xmbn th≠Xv BIÀj-I-amb Sqdnkw sUÌn-t\j-\p-IÄ krjvSn-¡p-Ibpw Ah \¶mbn ]cn-]m-en¡pI-bp-amWv. Hcn-¡Â hcp-¶-hsc ho≠pw Chn-tS¡v BIÀjn-¡m³ Ign-bp¶ Xc-¯n-ep-Å-Xmbncn-¡Ww C¯cw tI{µ-§Ä. sXm«Sp¯ kwØm-\-§fpw \½psS Ab cmPy-§-fmb -{io-e-¦, knwK-¸qÀ XpS§nb-hbpw Cu cwK¯v h³ apt¶äw \S-¯n-s¡m≠ncn¡p-¶p. ià-am-b aÂkcw t\cn-Sp¶ taJe-bmWv Sqdn-kw. AXn-\m Ign-bp-¶{X hnt\mZk©m-cn-Isf Chn-tS¡v BIÀjn-¡pI F¶Xv Hcp ISp¯ shÃp-hn-fnbm-Wv. B`y-´c Sqdn-k-¯n \½Ä Gsd Zqcw ]n¶n-Sm-\p ≠v. hf-sc-b-[nIw km[y-X-I-fpÅ H¶m-Wn-Xv. ae-bm-fn-IÄ Xs¶ tIcf-¯nsâ FÃm-`m-K¯pw Hcp hnt\mZ k©mcn F¶ \ne-bn bm{X sNbvXn-«pt≠m F¶v kwibamWv. C´y-bnse hnhn[ kwØm-\-§-fn \n¶pw tIc-f-¯n h¶p t]mIm-\pÅ "IW-Ivän-hn-än'- bn ]e {]iv\§fpw \n e-\n¡p¶p F¶p-ÅXv Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. 2012þ13se tIcf _Päv Sqdnkw C³U-kv{Sn¡v A\p-Iq-e-amtWm? \½Ä Sqdnkw F¶v ]d-bp-sa-¦nepw AXp-ambn _Ô-s¸« hyhkmb-§Ä¡mWv {]m[m\yw I¸n¡p-¶-Xv. AhÀ¡v Bhiy-amb klm-b-§Ä sNbvXp-sIm-Sp¡p¶ GP³kn F¶ ]¦mWv kÀ¡m-cn\v Cu Imcy¯n-ep-Å-Xv. Ignª Iptd-¡m-e-ambn _P-än \qdp- tIm-Sn cq] F¶ \ne-bn-emWv Cu taJ-e¡v A\p-h-Zn-¨p-sIm≠ncp-¶-Xv. F¶m C{]mh iyw 175 tImSn cq]tbmfw hI-bn-cp-¯n. 70 iX-am-\-t¯mfw hfÀ¨. CsXmcp henb t\«amWv. C\n tI{µ kÀ¡m-cnsâ klm-bhpw FÃmw IqSn GXm≠v 400 tImSn cq]-tbmfw Sqdnkw C³U-kv{Sn¡v e`n¡pw. lÀ¯m-ep-IÄ t]mepÅ ka-c-ap-d-IÄ hntZi Sqdn-Ìp-Isf Chn-tS¡v hcp-¶-Xn \n¶pw ]n´ncn¸n¡p¶pt≠m? ap¼v kqNn-¸n-¨-Xp-t]mse aäp cwK-§fn \n¶pw hyXykvX-ambn SqdnÌpIÄ¡v henb _p²n-ap«pIÄ D≠m¡m¯ Xc-¯n lÀ¯m-ep-ambn _Ô-s¸-«-hÀ {]hÀ¯n-¡m-dp≠v. CXv tIc-f-¯nsâ amdp¶ apJ-s¯bmWv {]Xn^-en-¸n-¡p¶Xv. F¶n-cp-¶mepw hf-sc-b-[nIw amäw C¡m-cy-¯n D≠mth≠Xp≠v. Sqdnkw \b-¯n Xs¶ Cu Imcyw hyà-am-¡p-¶p≠v. D¯-c-hm-ZnXz Sqdnkw F´mWv e£y-an-Sp-¶Xv? Sqdnkw F¶Xv Hcp {]tXyI hn`m-K-¯n\p th≠n am{Xap-Å-X-söpw AXnsâ KpW-^-e-§Ä FÃm-hÀ¡pw {]tXyIn¨v km[mcW P\-hn-`m-K-§Ä¡v e`n-¡-W-sa¶pÅ ka-{Kamb Hcp ImgvN-¸m-SmWv CXn-\p-]n-¶n-ep-Å-Xv. tIc-f-¯nse "IpSpw-_{io', "Ab¡q«w' XpS-§n-b-h-bn {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶hÀ¡v Ah-cpsS Ic-Iu-ie, `£y D¸-¶-§Ä hnä-gn-¡m -\pÅ Ahkc-§fpw Sqdnkw hnI-k-\-¯n-eqsS km[y-am-Ipw. Ch-cpsS D¶-a-\-¯n-eqsS hn¹-h-I-c-amb Hcp amä-¯n-\m-bncn¡pw tIcfw km£yw hln-¡p-I. CXn-s\Ãmw A\p-Iqe amb kml-Ncyw krjvSn-¨p-sIm≠pÅ {]hÀ¯-\-amWv D¯c-hm-ZnXz SqdnkwsIm≠v Dt±-in-¡p¶Xv. Sqdnkw cwK¯p X s¶ ]pXnb taJ-e-IÄ Is≠¯n amÀ¡-änwKv kwhn-[m\w IqSp-X ià-am-¡p-Ib -- mWv ASn-b-´ncambn sNt¿≠Xv. A tXm-sSm¸w, ASn-Øm\ kuI-cy-§fpw hnI-kn-¸n-¡-Ww. Sqdn kw sUÌn-t\-j-\p-IÄ FÃm AÀ°-¯nepw kpc-£nXhpw ipNn-Xz-]qÀ®-hp-am¡n amäpI F¶Xv CXnsâ `mK-am-Wv.

14

Sqdnkw

"A-©p hÀ-j-¯n-\pÅn 50 ]pXn-b ta-Je-IÄ'

hnt\m-Z-k©m-c ta-J-e-bp-sS hnI-k-\w e-£y-an-«v Sq-dn-kw h-Iq-¸v B-tKm-fX-e-¯n-ep-Å

s{]m-tam-j³ ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv X-¿m-dm-¡p¶Xv. Sqdn-kw amÀ-¡-än-§n-sâ `m-K-ambn A-´À-tZ-io-b, B-`y-´-c X-e-¯n {]-Nmc-Ww \-S-¯p-¶-p≠ ­ v. C-¯hW B-kv-t{X-en-b, anUn Cu-kv-äv F-¶o cm-Py-§-fn- tdm-Uv tjm-IÄ kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡m\pw ]-²-Xn-bp­≠v. "{Ko³ ko-k¬' F-¶ t]cn B-`y-´-c hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cnI-sf B-IÀ-jn-¡p-¶ X-n\p-Å ]-²-Xn-Ifpw H-cp-§n h-cp-¶p≠-v. Sq-dn-kw cwK-¯v tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-[y-XI-sf ]qÀ-®-am-bn D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯m³ \-ap-¡m-bn-«nÃ. lnÂ-kv-tä-j³kv, h-\yar-K k-t¦-X§Ä, Im-b t-a-Je-IÄ F-¶nh-sb Du-¶n-bm-Wv {]-[m-\-am bpw \-½p-sS hn-t\m-Zk©m-c ta-J-e \n-e-sImÅp-¶-Xv. ]pXn-b ta-J-e-I-sf I-s-­≠¯n A-hX-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Å X-¿m-sd-Sp-¸p-Ifpw XpS§n¡-gn-ªp­. C-Xn-sâ `m-K-am-bn h-cp-¶ A-©p hÀ-j-¯n-\pÅn 50 ]pXn-b k-t¦X-§Ä I-s≠­¯m-\p-Å ]-²-Xnbpw B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨n-«p-≠ ­ v. k-©mcnI-sf B-IÀ-jn-¡p-¶Xn B-bpÀ-th-Z cw-K¯n-\p {][m\-am-b ]-¦p-h-ln-¡m-\m-hpw. \-½psS

hn-t\m-Z k©m-c ta-J-e-bv¡p ]p-Xn-b-ap-Jw \Â-Ip-¶ H-¶m-Wv ssa-kv (MICE) Sq-dn-kw. C-Xn-sâ km-[yXIÄ ]-c-amh-[n D-]-tbmK-s¸-Sp¯p-I F-¶-Xm-Wv A-Sp-¯ e-£yw. a-e_mÀ ta-J-e-bn-se km-[yX-IÄ h-b-\m-Sv am-{X-am-bn H-Xp§n \nÂ-¡p-¶-p. Cu ta-Jdm-Wn tPmÀ-Öv e-bv-¡p Iq-Sp-X I-cp-¯p IAS, Sqdnkw ]-I-cm-\m-bn t_-¡Â Ub-d-IvSÀ t]m-ep-Å Øe-§Ä ]-camh-[n D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯n sIm-­≠p-Å ]-cn-]m-Sn-IÄ B-kq-{X-Ww sN-¿p-¶p­ ≠v. tI-c-f-¯n-se A-h-k-c§-sf ]p-dw tem-I¯p-\p ap¶n A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-¶Xn kÀ¡mÀ kz-Im-cy ta-J-e-bv-¡pw A-h-kc-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶p-­ ≠v. kÀ¡mÀ kw-L-Sn-¸n-¡p-¶ ]-cn-]m-Sn-Ifn AhÀ¡pw AÀl-amb ]cn-K-W\ \Â-Ip-¶p≠-­v. Cu cw-K-s¯ ]ptcm-K-Xn-¡p Bh-iy-amb NÀ-¨Ifnepw kz-Im-cy ta-J-e-bp-sS ]-¦m-fn-¯w D-d-¸ph-cp-¯m-dp≠­v.

"]pXnb amÀ¡-änwKv X{´-§Ä Ah-ew-_n¡pw'

tI -c-f-¯n-sâ hn-t\m-Zk©m-c ta-J-e-bpsS hn-I-k-\ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fn F¶pw t\-XrXzw

h-ln¡m³ sI-Sn-Un-kn-¡m-bn-«p≠-v­. h-cpw Im-e§fn km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy-sb ]-c-amh-[n D-]-tbmK-s¸-Sp-¯n-bp-Å {]-Nm-c-W ]-cn-]m-Sn-I-fm-Wv B-kq-{X-Ww sN-bv-Xn-«p-Å-Xv. Hm¬-sse³ {]-Nmc-W§Ä, ]pXn-b ]-c-ky co-Xn-IÄ F-¶nh-sb A-h-ew-_n-¨mhpw ]p-Xn-b amÀ-¡-änw-Kv X-{´§Ä. ]pXn-b ta-J-e-I-Ä I-s≠­-¯n A-h tem-I-¯n-\p ap¶n ]-cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯-phm³ C-¯-cw \-h am-[ya co-XnIsf ]-c-amh-[n D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bmWv C-\n e-£y-an-Sp-¶Xpw. Øn-cw ta-J-e-I-sf sa-¨-s¸-Sp-¯nbpw ]pXn-b k©m-c k-t¦-X§-sf I-s-­≠¯n A-h-X-cn-¸n-t¡-­≠Xpw A-Xym-h-iy-am-Wv. B-bpÀ-th-Zw tI-cf¯nsâ hc-Zm-\-amWv. F¶m Cu t{km-X-Ên-sâ H-cp sNdnb i-X-am-\wt]mepw \-½Ä D-]-tbm-Ks¸-Sp-¯n-bn-«nà F-¶-Xm-Wv k-Xyw.

tcm-K, kp-J B-bpÀ-thZ- Nn-In-Õ-IÄ¡m-bn \nch[n hn-tZ-inI-fmWv tIc-fw k-µÀ-in-¡p-¶Xv. i-cnbm-b c-o-Xnbn B-bpÀ-th-Z-s-¯ \ap-¡v D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯m \mbm tIc-fw Cu ta-J-ebn-se H-cp kn-cm-tI-{µ-am-bn am-dp-sa-¶Xn k-w-i-b-anÃ. Hmt-cm ko-k-Wnepw h-cp-¶ {]im-´v F³ IAS, k-©m-cnI-sf DÄ-s¡m-ÅnFw Un, sISnUnkn ¡m³ k-Ö-am-Wv \-½p-sS tlm-«Â hy-hkm-b ta-J-eIÄ. F¶m KpW-ta-·bp-sS Im-cy-§Ä Iq-Sn sa-¨-s¸-tS≠-­-Xp≠v. ssa-kv Sq-dn-kw cw-Kw tI-cf¯n h-fÀ-¶p sIm≠-­n-cn-¡p-¶ H-¶mWv. Cu cwK-¯v {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS anI-¨ h-fÀ-¨ X-s¶ k-ao-]-`m-hnbn tI-c-f-¯n-\p t-\Sm-\mIpw.

"ssakv Sqdn-k-¯n\v km[yXItfsd'

{]-Ir-Xn hn-`-h-§fm A-\p-{K-lo-Xam-b tIc-fw, hn-t\m-Zk©m-c ta-J-ebn C-´y-bn-se

a-äp kw-Øm-\-§-fp-am-bn X-«n-¨p t\m-¡p-t¼mÄ Gsd ap-¶n-em-Wv. temI hn-t\m-Z k©m-c `q-]S¯n tI-c-f-¯n-sâ Øm-\w D-d-¸n-¡p-¶-Xn\m-bn \-S-¶n-«-pÅ B-Zy-L-« {]-hÀ-¯-\-§fn XmPv {Kq-¸v Im-cyam-b ]-¦p-h-ln-¨n-«p­≠v. k-z-Imcy-ta-J-ebpw s]m-Xp-P-\-§fpw ssI-tImÀ-¯p sIm≠-­p-Å ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv C-hn-sS-b-[nIhpw. C-u am-Xr-I-bn-epÅ ]-²-Xn-IÄ a-äp kw-Øm-\-§fn A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨n-«n-sÃ-¶-Xm-Wn-Xn-sâ {]-k-àn. H-cp ]-cn-[n h-sc Cu ta-J-ebn \-½Ä ssI-s¡m-≠ ­ ]-²-Xn-I-sfÃmw hn-P-bn-¨n-«p-≠ ­ v. k-ao]`m-hn-bn ]pXn-b k©m-c k-t¦-X-§sf I-s­-≠¯p-I-sb-¶-XmWv tIc-fw t\-cnSm³ t]m-Ip-¶ {][m\ shÃp-hn-fn-. Øn-cw Im-gv-¨-It-fm-Sv k-©m-cn-IÄ ap-Jw Xn-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-\p ap-t¶mSn-bmbn ]pXn-b ta-Je-IÄ I-s-­≠¯n A-Xp tem-I-¯n-\p ap¶n A-h-X-cn-¸n-t¡-­-≠Xp≠-­v. a¬-ad-ªp In-S-¡p-¶ N-cn-{X-tc-J-IÄ¡pw hnt\m-Z k©m-c ta-J-ebn Im-cyamb kw-`m-h\IÄ sN-¿m-\m-hpw. B-bpÀ-th-Z-w A-\-´-km-[y-XI-fp-sS I-e-h-d-bm-Wv. Cu ta-J-e-bp-sS ]-c-amh-[n km-[yX-IÄ \mw th­≠pwhn-[w D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯ntbm F-¶pIq-Sn ]-cn-tim-[n-¡Ww. a-e_mÀ ta-J-e-bp-sS km-[yX-IÄ C-\n-bpw Is≠-­-t¯-­≠Xp≠-v­. A-hn-sS hn-t\m-Z k-©m-c-sa¶-Xv h-b

-\mSn am-{X-am-bn H-Xp-§n \nÂ-¡msX aäp Øe-§fn IqSn hym]n-¸n-¡-Ww. tI-c-f-s¯ hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c tI-{µ-am-¡p-¶-Xn-\p tlm-«Â hy-hkm-b ta-J-e an-I-¨ kw`m-h-\-bmWv \ÂIp-¶-Xv. F¶m ]-cn-N-b k-¼-¶ cm-b D-tZym-KmÀ-Yn-I-fp-sS A`m-h-w Cu cwK-¯v \n-eSn. Zmap, \nÂ-¡p-¶ Hcp {]-iv-\-am-Wv. sshkv{]-kn-Uâ v an-I-¨ D-tZy-mKmÀ-°nI-sf (tImÀ]-tdäv hmÀ-s¯-Sp-¡p-¶-Xn-\m-bn A^tbgvkv) \à hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm-]-\ku¯v, §-fp-sS B-h-iy-IX-bpw XmPv tlm«Â D-bÀ-¶p h-cp-¶p≠-­v. ]nt¶m-¡ hn-`m-K-¯n-se F-kvF-kv-FÂ-kn hn-P-bn-¨ hn-ZymÀ-YnI-sf I-s­-≠¯n km¼-¯nI klm-b-t¯msS ]-cn-io-e-\hpw R-§Ä \Â-Ip-¶p≠-­v. sIm-¨nbpw Xn-cp-h-\´-]pchpw am-{X-am-bn H-Xp-§n \nÂ-¡p¶ ssa-kv Sqdnkw `m-hn-bn a-äp Ø-e-§-fn-te¡pw hym-]n -¸n-¡m-\m-hpw. \n-e-hn-s-e km-l-N-cy-§Ä A-\p-kcn-¨v A-Sp-¯ 10 hÀ-j-¯n-\p-Ån \£-{X tlm«-ep-I-fp-sSbpw tlmw-kv-tä-I-fp-sS-bpw B-h-iy-I-X Iq-Sn h-cpw. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ hn-t\m-Z k©m-c taJ-e-bv-¡p I-cp-¯p ]-I-cp-¶ {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä-¡v Xm-Pv {Kq¸pw i-àn-tb-Ipw.

FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


tIc-fm Sq-dn-kw

A-\-´km-[y-X-I-fp-sS

tem-I Sq-dnkw `-q-]-S¯n X-\Xm-b Øm-\ap-d-¸n-¨ tI-c-f-¯n-sâ `m-hn hnI-k-\ km[y-X-IÄ kn sP F-¨v FÀ-¯v Fw Unbpw kn C H-bpam-b tPm-kv sUman\n-¡v F-aÀ-Pn-§v tI-c-f-bpambn ]¦p-h-bv¡p¶p

temI Sq-dn-kw `q-]-S¯n tI-c-f-¯n-sâ th-cp-d-¸n¡m³ th≠-­ \nÀ-tZ-i-§Ä?

hn-t\m-Zk-©m-c ta-J-e-bn tI-c-f-¯n-sâ ]-¦v h-epXmWv. C-´y-bn-se a-tä-Xp kw-Øm-\-§-tf-bp-w A-t]£n-¨v kp-c-£n-X-am-bn bm-{X sN-¿m-hp-¶ H-tc-sbm-cp C-S-am-Wv ssZ-h-¯n-sâ kz-´w \m-Sv. tI-c-f X-\n-a C-ã-s¸-Sp-¶ A-t\-Iw hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ C-¶pw A-h-cp-sS bm-{X-I-fn C-hn-sS \n-Xy k-µÀ-i-I-cm-bn F-¯p¶p. C¯-cw X-\n-aI-sf \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-Ibpw Ah-bp-sS \n-e-\nÂ-¸n-\m-bn C-hn-Sw k-Ö-am-¡p-Ibpw th-Ww. \-½p-sS kw-kv-Im-c-hpw, hn-Zym--`ym-k-hpw, cm-jv{So-b-hp-saÃmw hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cnI-sf B-IÀ-jn-¡p¶ L-S-I-§fn DÄ-s¸-Sp¶p. \-½p-sS k-w-kv-Im-c-s¯ a-äp- kw-Øm-\-§fp-tS-Xp-am-bn C-S-I-eÀ-¯-cp-Xv. \½-sf tX-Sn-sb-¯p-¶-hÀ-¡v \mw F-´m-sW-¶m-Wv A-dn-tb-­≠Xv-. \-½fn a-äp-Å-h-sc-bà A-hÀ tX-Sp-¶-Xv F-¶p a-\-Ên-em-¡n {]-hÀ-¯n-¡Ww. \-½psS X-\na-sb ap³ \nÀ-¯n-bm-h-Ww C-\n-bp-Å {]-hÀ-¯-\§Ä. Sq-dn-kw c-wK¯vv tI-c-f-¯n-sâ X\-Xv kw-kv-Im-cw tem-I-¯n-\p ap¼n {]-ZÀ-in-¸n¡m³ {]m-]v-Xcm-b hy-àn-Xz-§-fp-sS B-h-iy-I-X-bp-t­≠m? tI-c-f-¯n-sâ b-YmÀ-° {]-Xn-\n-[n-IÄ \-½p-sS P-\-XbmWv. H-cp hn-t\m-Zk-©m-cn C-hn-Sw k-µÀ-in-¡p¶-Xv \-½-fn-te-¡p-Å A-t\z-j-W-am-bn th-Ww Im-Wm³. AhÀ-¡p A-dn-hp \Â-Im\pw \-½-fn-te-¡p I-S-¶p-s¨Ã-p hm\pw kw-i-b-§Ä-¡p a-dp]-Sn \Â-Im\pw \-ap-¡p am{X-ta I-gn-bq. ssl-sS-Iv cm-Py-§-fp-sS ku-I-cy-§fn hoÀ-¸p-ap-«n I-gn-ª-hÀ hn-t\m-Zbm-{X F-¶ t]-cn ho≠­pw tX-Sp¶-Xv A¯-cw kp-J ku-I-cy-§-fà a-dn-¨v \-½p-sS-sbm-s¡ AkvXnXzw tX-Sn-bp-Å bm-{X-bm-Wv. \mSnsâ {]-Xn-\n-[n- F¶ \n-ebn H-cp Hm-t«m-¡mc-t\m, bq-Wn-b³ eo-Utdm A-sÃ-¦n IÀ-j-It\m A-hÀ-¡p [m-cm-f-am-Wv. hy-àn-Xz-§Ä-¡p]-cn hy-àn-Ifm-Wv A-hÀ-¡p Iq-Sp-X A-dnhpw Im-gv-¨-bp-s-S I-e-hdbpw Xpd-¶p sIm-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv. Sq-dn-kv-äp-I-fp-sS kp-c-£n-X Xm-h-f-amtWm tI-cfw? a-äp kw-Øm-\§-sf A-t]-£n-¨v tI-c-fw hn-t\m-Z k-©m-cn-IÄ-¡v H-cp kp-c£n-X tem-I-amWv. tI-c-fs¯¸-än hy-à-am-bn ]Tn-¨ hy-àn- (alert independent traveller) ¡v C-hn-Sp-s¯ ap-¡pwaq-e-bnepw hsc kzX-{´-am-bn \-S-¡mw. kz-´w cm-Py-¯p kz-X-{´-am-bn \-S-¡p¶-Xp t]m-se-bm-Wv tI-c-f-¯nepw A-hÀ-¡v A-\p-`-h-s¸-Sp-I. Cu H-cp Im-c-W-hpw \-½p-sS kwØm-\-s¯ Sq-dn-kv-äp-I-fp-sS ]-dp-Zo-k-bm-¡p-¶Xn {] [m-\ ]-¦p-h-ln-¡p¶p. \-½p-sS DbÀ¶ kmw-kv-Im-cnI \n-e-hm-chpw hn-tZ-io-b-tcm-Sp-Å k-ao-]-\-¯nep≠mb am-ähpw kp-c-£-bv-¡p B-¡w Iq-«p-¶p. Sq--dn-kw ta-J-e tI-c-f-s¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨nS-t¯m-fw hntZ-i \mWyw t\-

FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

"\n-Ip-Xn-bn-f-hn kÀ¡mÀ {i-²- sN-ep¯Ww'

hnt\m-Z k©m-c ta-Jebn a-äp kw-Øm-\-§ÄSn-¯-cp¶ ta-J-e-bm-sW-¶ Xn-cn-¨-dnhpw P-\-§-fn D-S-se-Sp-¯p I-gn-ªp. H-ä-s¸-« k-w-`-h-§-sfm-gn-¨m tIc-fw kp-c-£-bp-sS Im-cy¯n cm-Py-¯v ap³]-´nbn-emWv. SqdnÌpI-fpsS F-®¯n hÀ-[-\-hpt≠­m? Cu c-wKs¯ A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy- hn-I-k-\-s¯-¡p-dn-¨v? 1980 25,000 hntZi hn-t\m-Z-k-©m-cnIÄ k-µÀ-in-¨ncp¶ tIc-fw C-¶v 7.5 e£w t]-cp-sS C-ã tI-{µ-am-bn am-dn-¡-gn-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. C-Xn-\p ]pd-sa 70 e-£-t¯mfw -hcp-¶ B-`y-´-c k-©m-cn-IÄ th-sd-bpw. hÀ-jmhÀ-j-w hÀ-[n-¨p-h-cp-¶ k-©m-cn-IÄ-¡-\p-k-cn-¨p-Å ku-I-cy-§-fp-sS Ipd-hv \n-I¯m³ C-hn-sS ]pXn-b kvämÀ tlm-«-ep-Ifpw tlmw kv-tä-Ifpw h-tc≠­-Xv A-Xym-h-iy-am-Wv. k-©m-cn-Ifn `q-cn-`m-Kw t]cpw tI-c-f-s¯-b-dn-bm-\m-bn h-cp-¶-h-cmWv. A-XpsIm-≠ ­ p X-s¶ tI-c-f X\n-a \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-¶ X-c-¯n-ep-Å hmkØ-e-§-fm-Wv A-hÀ-¡p {]nbw. C¯-cw co-Xn-bn-epÅ A-IÀ-j-W-§-fm-Wv tI-c-f-s¯ C-´y-bp-sS Sq-dn-kw `q-]-S-¯n hy-Xy-kv-X-am-bn \nÀ-¯p-¶Xv. ]m-c-¼-cyhpw k-w-kv-Im-chpw C-gp-In-tNÀ-¶ co-Xn-bn-ep-Å Sq-dn-k-¯n-\v C-¶p C-´y-¡p Nq-≠ ­ n-¡m-«m-\m-bn H-cp C-Sw am-{X-tabpÅq, A-Xp tI-c-f-amWv. ssK-Up-I-fp-sS \n-e-hm-cw F§-s\ hn-e-bn-cp-¯p¶p? ssK-Up-I-fp-sS Im-cy¯n C-\nbpw F-sd Zq-cw aqt¶m-«p t]m-Im-\p≠-­v. hy-àam-b ]T-\w \-S-¯n-bm-Wv ]-ecpw hn-t\m-Z k-©m-c-¯n-\p H-cp-§p¶-Xp X-s¶. s{]m-^j-W s{S-bn-\n-§n-sâ A-`m-hw ]-e-t¸m-gpw ssKUp-IÄ¡n-Sbn {]-Xn-^-en-¡p-¶p≠­v. N-cn-{X-s¯¸-än-bpw aäp Im-cy-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨pw hy-à-am-bn ]Tn-¨n-«p th-Ww C¯-cw tPm-en-Ifn GÀ-s¸-Sm³. k-©m-cn-Ifp-am-bn kw-h-Zn-¡m\pw A-hÀ-¡p Im-cy-§Ä hn-h-cn-¨pw sIm-Sp-¡m-\p-apÅ I-gnhpw C-hÀ t\-SWw. Sq-dn-kw cw-Ks¯ kz-Im-cy \n-t£-]-I-cp-sS h-fÀ-¨? Cu cwK-¯v kz-Im-cy ta-J-e \-sÃm-cp i-X-am-\w ]-¦vh-ln-¡p-¶p≠-v­. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-[y-X-IÄ a-\-Ênem-¡n an-I-¨ co-Xn-bn-epÅ s{]m-tamj-W hÀ¡pw k-z-Im-cy ta-J-ebn \n-¶p-≠ ­ m-hp-¶p≠­v. 1980 1.5 i-X-am-\w h-fÀ-¨-bp≠-m­ -bn-cp-¶ tI-c-f-¯n-se kz-Im-cy Sq-dn-kw ta-J-e C-¶p 22 i-X-am-\w h-fÀ-¨bn F-¯n \nÂ-¡p-¶p. P-\-§-sfbpw kÀ-¡m-cn-s\bpw tImÀ¯nW-¡n sIm≠-p­-Å ]-²-Xn-I-fm-b-Xn\m kz-Im-cy ta-J-e h-fÀ-¨-bp-sS h-¡n-emWv. G-Xm-≠ ­ v C-cp-]-Xn-\mbn-cw tIm-Sn- cq]bp-sS hmÀjn-I h-cp-am-\w kzo-Im-cy ta-J-e-bv-¡p tI-c-f¯n \n-¶p t\-Sm-\m-hp-¶p≠­v. B-bpÀ-th-Z-¯n-sâ A\-´km-[yX-IÄ a-\-Ên-em-¡n C-\nbpw tI-c-f-¯n-\p H-cp-]m-Sp Zq-cw Cu ta-J-ebn k-©-cn-¡m-\m-hpw. Sq-dn-kw ta-J-e-bn-se kÀ-¡m-dn-sâ C-S-s]-S-ep-Is-f F§-s\ t\m¡n Im-Wp¶p? A-\-´-t{km-X-Êp-I-fp-sS \n-e-h-d-bm-Wv tI-c-f-¯nsâ Sq-dn-kw cwKw. \-½p-sS km-[yX-IÄ a-\-Ên-em-¡n A-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-¨p-Å {]-hÀ-¯\-§Ä kÀ¡mÀ `mK¯p \n-¶p-≠ ­ m-hWw. Chn-sSbpÅ Sq-dn-kv-äv tI-{µ-§fp-sS {]-hÀ¯-\w Ip-ä-a-ä-Xm-¡-Ww. am-{X-aÃ, hn-t\m-Z k-©m-c-hp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-«p In-S-¡p-¶ \n-IpXn, bm{Xm Nn-e-hp-IÄ F-¶n-hbn Imtem-Nn-X-amb am-ä-§Ä D-≠ ­ m-th-­-≠Xp≠-v­. ]pXn-b k-©m-c ta-Je-IÄ I-s≠­¯p-I-bpw A-Xp A-h-X-cn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw th-Ww. F-¦n am{Xta Cu cwK-¯v ]p-tcmK-Xn ssI-hcn-¡m-\mhq. B-XntYb ta-J-ebn- \n-e-\nÀ-t¯≠-­ Kp-W-ta·bpw \n-e-hm-c-t-¯bpw Ip-dn-¨p-Å Xm-¦-fp-sS A-`n-{]mbw? B-XntY-b taJ-ebn ap³-]-´n-bn-em-Wv tI-cfw. \-½p-sS lukv t_m-«pw, tlmw kv-tä-Ifpw, X\-Xp \mS³ I-em-cq-]§fpw ]m-N-I ssI-¸p-Wy-hp-saÃmw temI-sa-¼mSpw {]-i-kv-X-am-Wv. \-½p-sS B-bpÀ-th-Z¯nsâ {]ikvXn I-S- -I-Ss¶¯n-bn-cn-¡p¶p. ]-e cm-Py-§fnepw tI-c-f B-bpÀth-Z {-So-äv-saâ v F-s¶-gpXn-b t_m À-Up-IÄ kpe-`-amWv. \-½p-sS am-\-h hn-`-h-ti-jnbpw {]-i-kv-X-am-Wv. tem-I-s¯ G-sXm-cp- kvämÀ tlm-«en sN¶mepw A-hn-Sp-s¯ A-Uvan-\n-kv-t{S-j-\ntem A-sæn ]m-NI-¡m-c-sâ cq-]-¯ntem H-cp a-e-bmfn-bp≠-m­ -hpw. \-½p-sS kw-kv-Im-c-s¯bpw ss]-Xr-Is¯bpw sXm-«-dnª-hÀ tI-c-f-s¯ hn-kv-a-cn-¡nÃ.

¡p ap¶n tI-c-f-sam-cp am-Xr-I-bm-Wv. kÀ-¡mdpw kz-Im-cy- ta-J-ebpw H-cp-an-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-Xv Cu c-w-K¯n\p G-sd Kp-Ww sN-¿p¶p F¶-Xv F-Sp-¯p ]-d-bWw. Kp-W-ta·bp-Å Xpw A-Xym-[p\n-I ku-IC Fw \-Po_v, cy-§-fp-a-S§n-b tk-h-\Fw Un, §-fm-Wv kz-Im-cy tlm-«Â F-bÀ-{Sm-h tlm-kv-¸n-äm-en-än cw-Kw FâÀ-ss{]kÊv H-cp-¡n-bn-«p-Å-Xv. F-¶n-cp¶mepw `m-hn-sb ap³ \nÀ-¯n Nn´n-¡p-t¼mÄ ip-Nn-Xzw, kpc-£, km-aq-lyhn-cp² {]-hÀ-¯\-§Ä XpS-§nbh Cu cw-K-s¯ h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡p hn-e-§p-X-Sn-bm-bn \nÂ-¡p-¶ L-S-I-§-fmWv. am-{X-aÃ, \n-Ip-Xn-bp-sS Im-cy¯n kÀ¡mÀ `mK-¯p \n¶pw {]-I-Sam-b C-f-hp-IÄ e-`n-¡Ww. \n-Ip-Xn `m-cw sNdn-b tXmXn Cu cw-K-s-¯ _m-[n-¡p-¶p­≠v. hn-t\mZk-©m-cn-IÄ-¡v A-hÀ ap-S-¡p-¶ ]-W-¯n-\p-Å aqeyw e`n-¡p¶ps≠¶v D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯nbm am-{X-ta `m-hn-bn-epw A-h-cp-sS km-¶n[yw \-ap-¡p-d-¸n¡m-\mhq. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I ta-J-e-bp-sS h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v Cu cw-K¯n-\p Im-cyam-b ]-¦p-h-ln-¡m-\m-hp-w. ]pXn-b ta-J-e-I-sf¸-än hy-à-am-bn ]Tn-¨v am-kv-äÀ¹m³ X-¿m-dm¡m³ \-ap-¡m-h-Ww. Sq-dn-kw ta-J-e-bv-¡v B-izm-kw ]-I-cp-¶ H-¶m-Wv C-¡-gn-ª _-Päv. I-gn-ª X-h-W- A-\p-h-Zn-¨ Xp-I-sb¡mÄ 70 i-Xam-\w hÀ-[-\-hm-Wv Cu {]m-hiyw e-`n-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. Iq-Sp-X sXm-gn-e-h-kc-§Ä, {Km-a-§-fp-sS hn-Ik\w F-¶n-h-sbÃmw hn-t\m-Z-k©m-c ta-J-e-bqsS h-fÀ-¨-bn-eq-sS \-ap-¡v kz-mb-¯-am-¡mw.

15


\b-X{´w

C´y-þ-C-{km-tbÂ

20 hÀjw ]n¶n-Sp¶

Cdm-\p-ambn anI¨ _Ôw ]p eÀ¯p-I, AtX-k-abw C´y-bpsS X{´-{]-[m\ ]¦m-fn-bmb C{km-tbens\ ]nW-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-I þ- C-XmWv C´y¡v ap¶n-ep-ff Gähpw henb \b-X{´ shÃp-hn-fn

X{´-{]-[m\ kulrZw

C´ybpw C{km-tbepw X½n-ep-ff \b-X{´ _Ôw 20 hÀjw ]n¶n-Spt¼mÄ Ccp cmjv{S-§fpw X½n-ep-ff hym]mc _Ôw 15 _nÃy¬ tUmf-dnse-¯p-sa-¶mWv (Cu hÀjw Ah-km\-t¯mSv IqSn {^o t{SUv IcmÀ H¸ph-bv¡p-¶-tXmsS) {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶-Xv

c

Nn½p AK-Ìn³

16

15 _nÃy¬

Êv Zim_vZw ]n¶n-Sp-t¼mÄ, ]e shÃp-hn-fnIsfbpw XcWw sNbvXv apt¶-dp-I-bmWv C´y-þ-C-{km-tb D`-b-I£n _Ôw. C´y-bpsS hntZ-i-Imcy \b-¯n h¶n-«pÅ ImX-emb amäamWv C{km-tb-ep-am-bpÅ _Ô-¯n \n¶pw {]Xn-^-en-¡p-¶Xv. 1947  C{km-tb cq]w sIms≠¦nepw, 1992 hsc Ccp-cmPy§fpw X½n \b-X{´ _Ôw DÊmbncp-¶n-Ã. CXn\p ]n¶n tZiobhpw, BtKm-f-]-c-hp-amb ]e Imc-W-§-

tImw, dnb FtÌäv F¶nhbmWv {] [m\ taJ-e-IÄ. C´y-bn dnkÀ¨v Bâ v Uh-e-¸vsaâ v skâ-dp-IÄ XpS§m\pw ]e C{km-tben aÄ«n-\m-j-W I¼-\n-Ifpw Xbm-dm-Ip-¶p≠-­v. Ccp cmjv{S-§fpw X½n ^e-{]-Zamb coXn-bn kl-I-cWw ImÀjnI taJ-e-bn-em-Wv. lcn-bm-\, almcmjv{S, IÀWm-S-I, cmP-Øm³, KpP-dm-¯v, Xan-gv\m-Sv, ]©m_v XpS-§nb kwØm\-§-fnse hnhn[ ]²-Xn-IÄ¡mbn 2012 apX 2015 hsc Ccp-cm-jv{S-§fpw X½n IÀa-]-²-Xn Bhn-jvI-cn-¨n«p≠­v. C´y³ IÀj-IÀ¡v C{km-tb-ensâ ^e-{]-Z-amb sSIvt\m-fPn D]-tbm-K-{]-Zam-Ip¶ coXn-bn-emWv ]²-Xn-IÄ. X{´{][m\ ]¦mfn hnhn[ cwK-§-fn Ccp-cm-jv{S-§fpw X½n kl-I-c-W-§-fp-s≠­-¦nepw Gähpw {][m-\-am-bXv {]Xn-tcm-[ -ta-Je-bn Xs¶-bm-Wv. tkmhn-bäv bqWnbsâ XIÀ¨bv¡v tijw C´y-¡v Gähpw hniz-kvX-ambn Bbp-[-§Ä¡v B{i-bn-¡m-\p-ff cmjv{S-ambn C{kmtb amdn. F¶m C{km-tb-ep-ambn C´y ]peÀ¯p¶ _Ô-¯n\v C´yfp-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. {][m\w C´y-bpsS Ad_v ¡p-f-fn \n¶v Xs¶ hnaÀi-\-§fpw cmPy-§-fp-am-bp-≠m-bn-cp¶ ià-amb \bt\cn-Sp-¶p≠-­v.- ]e-kvXo³ {]iv\-¯n X{´ _Ô-am-bn-cp-¶p. ImivaoÀ hnj-b¯n C´y-bpsS \ne-]mSv eLq-I-cn-¡p-¶]m¡n-Øm-s\-Xnsc Ad_v cmPy-§-fpsS ]n Xn\v C{km-tb-ep-am-bp-ff _Ôw hgn´pW C´ybv¡v Hgn-¨p-Iq-Sm³ ]äm-¯-Xm-bn- sh-¡p-sa-¶mWv Iayq-WnÌv ]m cp-¶p. C{kmtbep-ambn _Ôw Øm]nÀ«n-bpĸ-sS-bp-ffhcpsS hnaÀi-\w. ¡p-¶-Xn C´y-bnse apÉnw P\-Xbv¡pw C³tUm-þ-C-{km-tb _Ô-¯n {]I-S-amb FXnÀ¸p-≠m-bn-cp-¶p. C´y-bpsS hnÅ-ep-I-fp-≠m-¡p-¶Xv {][m-\-ambpw ]Ýn-ta-jy³ \b-¯n apÉnw P\-X-bpsS C´y-bpsS ]e-kvXo³ kao-]-\hpw kzm[o\w XÅn-¡-f-bphm³ ]än-Ã. CXmWv Cdm-t\m-SpÅ hntZ-i-\-b-hp-am-Wv. `oIc C´ysb {][m-\-ambpw sFIy-cmjv{Sk`kwL-S-\-I-fmb lam-kn-t\bpw lnkvbn C{km-tb-ensâ cq]o-I-c-W-¯n-s\-Xnsc _p-Å-tbbpw hgn-hn«v klm-bn-¡p¶ thm«v sN¿m³ t{]cn-¸n-¨-Xv. Cdms\, C{km-tb {]Jym-]nX ]p\Àhn-Nn-´\w i{Xp-hmbn {]Jym-]n-¨n-«p-ap≠-­v. F¦nepw CsXm-s¡-bm-sW-¦n IqSn, tkmhn-bäv CXphsc Ccp-cmjv{S§tfm-Sp-ap-ff bqWn-bsâ ]X\w hntZ-i-\-b-¯n ]p\ _Ô-¯n k´p-e\w ]men-¡m³ Àhn-Nn-´-\-¯n\v C´ysb \nÀ_-Ôn-X-amC´y¡v km[n-¨n-«p-s≠­-¶mWv hne¡n. temI Bbp[ hym]mc irwJ-e-bnse bn-cp-¯Â. ASp-¯nsS \yqUÂlnC{km-tb-ensâ A\n-tj-[y-amb Øm\w bn C{km-tben \b-X-{´-Ú-s\C´ysb Cu PqX-cm-jv{S-t¯mSv ASp-¸n-¡pXnscbp≠mb B{I-a-W-¯n Cdm\v I-bm-bn-cp¶p. c≠v Zim-_vZ-¡mew \b-X{´ ]¦p-s≠¶ C{km-tbensâ \ne-]mSv _Ô-§-fn Hcp sNdnb Ime-b-f-hm-sWC´y¡v ho≠­pw Xe-th-Z-\-bp-­≠m-¡n. ¦nepw, {]Xn-tcm[w IqSmsX kpc£, Irjn, F®bv¡v th≠­n C´y {][m-\-ambpw hnZym-`ymkw, hym]m-cw, DuÀÖw, imkv{XB{i-bn-¡p¶ Cdms\ Hä-s¸-Sp-¯p¶ km-¦n-X-hn-Zy F¶o taJ-e-I-fn IqSn \ne-]m-sS-Sp-¡m\pw C´y¡v km[n-¡nkl-I-c-W-¯n GÀs¸-Sm³ Ccp cmPyÃ. Cdm-\p-ambn anI¨ _Ôw ]peÀ §Ä¡pambn F¶Xv {it²-b-am-Wv. ¯p-I, AtX-k-abw C´y-bpsS X{´D`-b-I£n hym]mcw 1992 se 18 tImSn {]-[m\ ]¦m-fn-bmb C{km-tb-ens\ ]n tUmf-dn \n¶pw 500 tImSn tUmf-dmbn W-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-IþC-XmWv C´y¡v hfÀ¶p. C{k-tb-ep-am-bp-ff temI-s¯ ap¶n-ep-ff Gähpw henb \b-X{´ F«m-a-t¯bpw Gjy-bnse aq¶m-a-t¯bpw shÃp-hn-fn. C¶s¯ BtKmf Imem-hØ-bn C{km-tb-ep-am-bp-ff \b-X{´ (ssN\bpw tlmt¦m§pw Ignªv) hmWn_Ôw C´y¡v ]c-a-{]-[m\w Xs¶-bmPy-]-¦m-fn-bmbn amdm³ Ign-ªXv C´ysb kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw t\«-am-Wv. Cu hÀjw Wv. C´y-bpsS tZiob kpc-£bv¡v Ah-km-\-t¯mSv IqSn {^o t{SUv IcmÀ H¸p- anI¨ coXn-bn kw`m-h\ sN¿m³ Ign-bp¶ cmjv{S-amWv C{km-tbÂ, {] h-bv¡p-¶-tXmsS Ccp cmjv{S-§fpw X½n-epff hym]mc _Ôw 15 _nÃy¬ tUmf-dn-se- tXy-In¨pw Xo{h-hmZ hncp² {]hÀ¯\-§-fnÂ. ¯p-sa-¶mWv {]Xo-£n-¡p-¶-Xv. C´y-bn hnhn[ taJ-e-I-fn C{km-tben I¼-\n-IÄ (_mw¥qÀ tI{µ-ambn {]hÀ¯n-¡p¶ {^oem³kv ]{X-{]-hÀ¯-I-bmWv teJnI) \nt£]w \S-¯p-¶p-≠ ­ v. DuÀÖw, sSenFaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


kwcw-`-IXzw

Cu bpK¯n-Â hnP-bn-¡m³

kPohv \mbÀ

Emerging You

kwcw-`-IXzw A\n-hmcyw hy

h-kmb Ime-L-«-¯n Xs¶bmtWm \½Ä Ct¸mgpw Pohn-¡p-¶Xv? Fs´Ãmw hnizm-k- kwln-X-Ifpw Nn´m-K-XnI-fp-amWv \½Ä ]n´pS-cp¶Xv. Ch-sbÃmw C¶s¯ Ime-L-«¯n- A\p-tbm-Py-am-tWm? hyh-kmb Ime-L-«-¯n cq]-s¸-Sp-¯n-sb-Sp¯ \½psS hnZym-`ymk kwhn-[m\w Hcmsf tPmen¡v {]m]vX-\m-¡p-¶-Xn\v cq]s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xnt\m AsÃ-¦n kzbw sXmgn Is≠­-¯p-¶-Xnt\m Bbn-cp¶p. kzbw sXmgn F¶p-f-f-Xp-sIm≠­v Rm\p-t±-in-¨Xv -X\n¡v e`n¨ hnZym`ym-k-¯n \n¶v ]W-ap-­≠m¡mt\m AsÃ-¦n ssZ\w-Zn\ PohnXw \bn¡mt\m HcmÄ¡v Ign-bp-¶-Xn-s\-bm-Wv. tUmIväÀamscbpw BÀ¡n-sS-Iväp-am-sc bpw Nn{X-Im-c³am-sc-bp-saÃmw t]mse ]t£, Chn-sS-bp-b-cp¶ tNmZyw

\n§Ä¡v C³^Àta-j³ bpK-¯n hnP-bn-¡-W-sa¦n kwcw-`-IXzw IqSntb Xocq. sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-­≠m-Ins-Ã-¶Ã CXÀ°-am-¡p-¶-Xv Ct¸mgpw ]g-b -Im-e-L-«-¯n-emtWm \mw Pohn-¡p¶-Xv, AtXm AXn \n¶pw apt¶m«v t]mtbm F¶-Xm-Wv. henb tXmXn-ep-ff D¸m-Z\ kuI-cy-§Ä, ^mIvä-dn-IÄ XpS-§nbh hyh-kmb Ime-L-«-¯nsâ ASbmf§fmbncp-¶p. 70-I-fnepw 80-I-fnepw C¯-c-¯n At\Iw Øm]-\-§-fmWv \ne-hn h¶Xv. 70, 80 Ime-L-«-§fn At\Iw _nkn-\kv Øm]-\-§-Ä D­≠mbn. Cu Ime-L-«-¯n-se tImSo-izc-³amscÃmw kwcw`I-cm-bncp¶p. Iptd hÀj-§Ä¡p-ap¼v Hcp kvIq« À e`y-am-I-W-sa-¦n _nÃ-S¨v 6 amkw hsc Im¯n-cnt¡≠ Ah-ØbmWv D≠mbncp-¶-Xv. sSen-hn-j³ hm§p¶-Xn-\mbn Bh-iy-¡mÀ Unamâ v {Um^väp-ambn Im¯p-\n¡p¶ Imcyw I¬kyq-aÀ Uyqsd-_nÄkv I¼-\nIÄ HmÀ¡p¶p-­≠mIpw. AXns\ sktÃgvkv amÀ¡äv F¶mWv hnfn-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. ]t£, {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-epÅ amä-amWv Ct¸mÄ kw`-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

sSIvt\m-f-Pn-bpsS IS-¶p-I-b-äw D¸m-Z\s¨ehv Ipd-¨p. kvIq«dpw SnhnbpsaÃmw sRmSn-bn-S-bn C¶v D]-t`màm-hn\v e`y-am-Wv. D¸-¶-¯n\v hne-¡p-dhpw Hcp D¸¶w Xs¶ hnhn-[-bn\w I¼-\nIfpw D¸m-Zn-¸n-¡m³ XpS-§pI-bpwsNbvXp. AXp-sIm≠pXs¶ 90Ifnepw 2000 Ime-L-«§fnepw Hcp D¸¶w anI¨ coXn-bn D¸m-Zn-¸n-¡p-¶-h-sc¡mÄ AXns\ anI¨ coXn-bn hnXcWw sN¿p-¶-hcmWv tImSo-iz-c·m-cm-bXv. kmw hmÄ«¬kv, sP^v _ntkmkv F¶n-h-cmbncp¶p B Ime-L-«-¯nse Gähpw henb [\n-IÀ. AhÀ H¶pw D¸m-Zn-¸n-¨n-Ã, adn¨v D¸-¶-§Ä hnXcWw sN¿p-¶-Xn\v ]pXnb amÀK-§Ä Is­-≠¯n. Npcp¡n ]d-ªm sSIvt\m-f-PnbpsS IS-¶p-I-bäw henb amä-¯n-\m Wv If-sam-cp-¡n-bXv. AXv \½sf Hcp ]pXnb bpK-¯n-te¡v \bn-¨p, C³^Àta-j³ bpKw (Information Age). 2009 sk]väw_À 11\v Ata-cn-¡-bn thÄUv t{SUv skâÀ B{I-an-¡-s¸«-t¸mÄ temI km¼-¯nI imkv{XÚÀ C³^Àta-j³ bpK-¯nsâ hchv {]Jym-]n-¨p. ImcWw thÄUv t{SUv skâÀ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNbvXn-cp-¶Xv hyh-kmb bpK-s¯-bm-bn-cp-¶p, AXv \njv{]-`-am-¡n, _pÄtUm-k-dp-Itfm sPkn-_n-Itfm Aà adn¨v `oI-c-hmZw F¶ sNdn-sbm-cm-i-bw. b{´-§fpw ^mIvä-dn-Ifpw D]-I-cW-§-fp-sa-Ãm-amWv hyh-kmb Ime-L«s¯ `cn-¨n-cp-¶-sX-¦n C³^Àta-j³ bpKs¯ \bn-¡m³ t]mIp-¶Xv Bi-b§fpw Adn-hp-Ifpam-Wv. Adn-hv iàn-sb¶mWv ]≠­v apXte \mw ]d-bp-¶-Xv. F¶m F¯-c-¯n-epff Adnhpw hnc¯p-¼n-se-¯p¶ Cu bpK-¯n Adnhv iàn-b-Ã. AXm-bXv icn-bmbn \S-¸m-¡m³ Xc-¯n-ep-ff ]²-Xn-tbm-Sp-ff {]k-à-amb Adnhns\bmWv Cu Ime-L-«-¯n iànsb¶v ]d-bm³ km[n-¡p-I. hyh-kmb Ime-L-«-¯n Gähpw IqSp-X Adnhv k¼m-Zn-¡p-¶-h-\m-bncp¶p hnP-bn, ImcWw A¶v Adnhv t\SpI Ffp-¸-am-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. F¶m C¶v Adnhv tiJ-cn-¡p-¶-Xn-e-Ã, adn¨v A\m-h-iy-amb Adnhv Hgn-hm¡n {] k-à-am-bXv sXc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶-XmWv hnP-b-¯n-te-¡p-ff hgn. Gähpw sNehv Ipdªv C¶v Adnhv e`y-am-Ip-t¼mÄ Xsâ _p²nbpw Bi-b-§-fp-ap-]-tbmKn¨v AXns\ t\«-am-¡p-¶-h-\mWv hnPbn-bm-Ip-¶-Xv. km[m-cW AÀ°-¯n-epff sXmgn-emfn CXn apgp-h-\mbpw ] cm-P-b-s¸-Spw. Xsâ Nn´-Ifpw Bi-b§-fp-saÃmw D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp¯n sN¿p¶ {]hÀ¯-\-¯nsâ apgp-h³ D¯-c-hmZn-¯w Gsä-Sp-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-hsc hnP-bn-¡q. AXpsIm≠-­mWv "hyh-kmb

"hyh-kmb bpK¯nse D¸¶w sXmgn-em-fn-bm-sW¦n hnh-c-km-t¦XnI bpK-¯nse D¸¶w kwcw-`-I-Xz-amWv'

tdm_À«v tIymkm¡n hyà-am-¡nbXv. CsXÃmw Xs¶ kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶Xv \n§Ä¡v C³^Àta-j³ bpK-¯n hnP-bn-¡-W-sa-¦n kwcw-`-IXzw IqSntb Xocqsh¶mWv. sXmgn-em-fn-Ifp≠-­m-In-s-Ã-¶Ã CXÀ°-am-¡p-¶-Xv, adn¨v Hcp sXmgn-emfn Xsâ tPmensb kwcw-`-IXz Nn´m-K-Xn-tbmsS kao-]n¡-Ww. kzbw \bn-¡p-I-sb¶-XmWv \nÀWm-b-I-am-Im³ t]mIp-¶-Xv. {] hÀ¯n-¡pI AsÃ-¦n CÃm-Xm-IpI F¶-Xn-te-¡mWv \mw t]mIp-¶-Xv. Hcp ]pXnb hn`m-Khpw cq]-s¸-Sp-IbmWv "F{â-t¹mbo' þ"kwcw-`-IXz Nn´m-K-Xn-tbmSv IqSnb Poh-\-¡m-c³. bpK-¯nse D¸¶w Hcp sXmgn-emfn-bm-sW-¦n hnh-c-km-t¦-XnI bpK¯nse D¸¶w kwcw-`-I-Xz-amWv' þ{]ikvX km¼-¯nI imkv{X-Ú³

(hnP-bn-bmb kwcw-`-I\pw sse^vtIm¨pw Fgp-¯p-Im-c\pw _nkn-\kv I¬kÄ«âpamWv teJ-I³, mail@sajeevnair.com, www.sajeevnair.com, www.facebook. com/iamsajeev)

17


kwcw-`-IXzw tUm dmjnZv AÂ eow, Ub-d-IvSÀ P\dÂ

àn

{^o t-km-Wn e`y-am-Ip¶

mk

bphm-¡-fn kwcw`w hfÀ¯m³...

3

bp

9

w

8

£a

7

w z-KpW X r t\-X

6

4

e£ yw

hm-¡-fn kwcw-`-IXzw hfÀ¯m-\p-ff bXv\¯n-emWv AanXv t{KmhÀ. CXn-\m-bmWv 2010 P\p-h-cn-bn C´y-bnse BZys¯ kwcw-`I ]cn-io-e\ Øm]\--amb \ À¨À Smeâ v A¡m-Uan AanXv Øm]n-¨Xv Xs¶. bphm-¡-fn kwcw`I at\m-`mhw hfÀ¯nsb-Sp-¡p-I, kwcw`-IÀ¡v th≠p¶ ]cn-io-e-\hpw amÀK-\nÀtZihpw \ÂIp-I F¶XmWv A¡mU-an-bpsS e£y-sa¶v AanXv FaÀPnMv tIc-f-tbmSv ]d-ªp. Im¬]q-cnse a[yhÀK IpSpw-_-¯n P\n¨ AanXv C³t^mknkv sSIvt\m-fPokv, Gjy³ s]bnâ vkv, H\nU, apwss_ Gbv©Âkv XpS-§n-b Øm]-\§-fn tPmen-sN-bvXp. AhnsS I≠pap«nb Bbnc¡W-¡n\v hyh-kmb kwcw-`-I-cm-Wv, X¶nepÅ hy-h-kmb kwcw-`I\nte-¡pÅ amä-¯n\v t{]c-W-bmb-sX¶v AanXv ]d-bp-¶p. D]-t`m-àm-hnsâ Bhiy-§-fdnªv hn]-Wn-bn {i² t\Sp¶ D¸-¶-§Ä \n À-½n-¡m\pw \ho\ Bib--§-fn-eq-sSbpw hyàamb hnj-\n-eq-sSbpw e£y-¯n-se¯m\pÅ a\-xiàn-bp-amWv Hcp kwc-w`-I\v th­≠-Xv.- _nkn-\ Ênsâ hnP-b-¯n-\v, Hcp \à kwc-w`-I\v Du AanXv \nÀtZ-in-¡p¶ 10 ÀÖ ASn-kvYm\ KpW-§Ä:

AÀ¸-W-a-t\m-`mhw

10 -cpNn

sImta-gvky ssek³kv: Ib-äp-a-Xn, Cd-¡p-a-Xn, hn¸-\, hnX-cWw XpS-§n-b-hbnepÅ \n b-{´-W-am-Wv sImta-gvkyÂ

\mj-W C³U-kv{Sn-b ssek³kv: Atd-_y³ KÄ^v tImÀ¸-td-j³ Iu¬kn (F Pn kn kn) tÌäpIfn-te¡v DÂ]-¶-§Ä Cd-¡p-aXn sN¿p-t¼mÄ IÌwkv Uyq«n CÃmsX Cd-¡p-aXn sN¿m³ \mj-W C³U-kv{Sn-b ssek³kv DÅ I¼-\n-IÄ¡v km[y-am-Wv. \nÀ½m-W-¯n-\m-hiy-amb Akw-kvIrX hkvXp-¡fpw Cu ssek³kv apJm-´-cw Cd-¡p-aXn sN-¿mw. \mj-W C³U-kv{Sn-b ssek³kv D]tbm-Kn-¨pÅ temPn-Ìn-I-vkn\v [\ hyh-kmb a{´m-ebw A\p-h-Zn¡p¶ \mj-W C³U-kv{Sn-b s{]mU-£³ kÀ«n-^n-¡äv \nÀ_Ô-am-Wv.

A-`n

C³U-kv{Sn-b ssek³kv: DXv]m-Z\-¯n-\m-h-iy-amb AkwkvIrX hkvXp-¡Ä Cd-¡p-aXn sN¿p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ssek³kmWv C³U-kv{Snb ssek³-kv. Dev]m -Zn-¸n¡p-¶ km-a-{KnIÄ bpFCbv¡v ]pd-t¯¡v Cu ssek³kv D]tbm-Kn¨v Ib-äp-aXn sN¿mw.tem-¡Â hnX-c-W-¡m-tcm GPâp apJm-´-ctam bpFC amÀ¡-än hn¸\ \S-¯m-\pÅ Ah-Im-iw ssek³kv DSabv¡v e`yam-Wv. sse-k³-kv ^o: 2750 ZnÀlw

kÀÆokv ssek³kv: lwdnb {^o tkmWn am{Xw tkh\w \S-¯p-¶-Xn-\pÅ ssek³km-Wv kÀ-Æo-kv ssek³kv. sse-k³-kv ^o: 2750 ZnÀ-lw

XymK-a-t \m-`m-hw

l

w-dn-bm {^o t-km-Wn B-cw`n-¡m-\p-t±-in-¡p-¶ Øm-]-\-s¯¸än Xo-cp-am-\-am-bm A-Sp-¯ L-«w sse-k³-kv k-¼m-Zn-¡emWv. Øm]-\-¯n-sâ {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä¡-\p-kcn-¨pÅ sse-k³-kn-\p t-h≠-­nbm-Wv A-t]-£n-t¡≠-­-Xv.- {^o tkmWn \n-¶p e-`n-¡p-¶ hnhn-[ X-cw sse-k³-kp-I-sf-bm-Wnhn-sS ]-cn-Nb-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶Xv.

ssek³kn-eqsS e`n¡p-¶p. bpFC amÀ¡-änse hn¸-\-h-Imihpw CXn-eq-sS Ic-Ø-am-¡-Ww. sse-k³-kv ^o: 2750 ZnÀ-lw

2

PnPvR

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1

ssek³kp-IÄ

-i k-l-\

5

hnP-b-¯n-\v ipNnXzw A\n-hmcyw {] apJ I¬ kÄ«nwKv Øm]-\-amb

{_Ò teWnwKv skmeqj³kv FaÀPnMv tIc-fbp-ambn tNÀ¶v Ah-Xcn-¸n-¡p¶ ]wàn-bm-WnXv hnPbw ssIhcn¨ hyànIÄ, I¼\n-IÄ, hnI-knX cmjv{S-§Ä...hn-P-b-hp-ambn _Ôs¸« Fs´-Sp-¯mepw AXn s]mXp-hm-bp-f-fXpw Bcpw {i²n-¡-s¸-Sm-¯ -Xp-ambn H¶p≠­v ipNn-Xzw. ASp¡pw Nn«-bp-apÅ hÀ¡nMv Øew Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯-pI:-- --- Hmtcm-¶pw IrXy-ambn sh¡m³ Hcp Øeaps­≠ ¶v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯pI. t]\, t]\bpsS Ìm³Un hbv¡p-I, thÌv t]¸À UÌv_n-¶n Xs¶ Dt]-£n¡p-I, ^b-ep-IÄ ^b sjÂ-^n kq£n-¡p-I, sdPn-Ì-dp-IÄ AXmXv sjÂ^n hbv¡pI...-F-¶n-§s\ \n km-c-amb Imcy-§fn t]mepw hn«pho-gvN-b-cpXv. Npcp¡n ]d-ªm H¶n\pw IrXy-amb Hcp Øe-an-ÃmX¯ AhØ Hm^o-kn D­≠m-IcpXv s]mSn-]-S-e-§-fn-Ãm¯ tPmen-Øew Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯pI: Hmtcm-¶n\pw AXn\-\p-kr-X-amb Øew Dd-¸m¡n Ignªm AXv XpSÀ¶p sIm≠­p-t]mIm\pw {ian-¡-Ww. ASp¯ ]Sn AXv

18

s]mSn-]-S-e-§-sfm-¶p-an-ÃmsX hr¯n-tbmsS kq£n-¡m³ {i²-sIm-Sp-t¡-≠XmWv. Hcp sSen-t^m-Wn ]än-¸n-Sn¨ s]mSn-t]mepw Ifªv hr¯nbmbn kq£n-t¡≠XmWv. hÀ¡v Gcnb hr¯n-bp-ÅXmbn kq£n-¡pI: hÀ¡v Gcn-bbpw Npäp-apÅ Øe§fpw Xnf-¡-ap-ÅXpw hr¯nbp-Å-Xp-ambn kq£n-¡Ww. kpKa-amb tPmen¡v XSkw \n¡p¶ H¶pw Xs¶ D­≠m-I-cp-Xv. Bh-iy-apÅ D]-I-c-W-§Ä am{Xw hÀ¡v Gcn-b-bn kq£n¡pI: tPmen ka-b¯v, At¸mÄ Bh-iy-apÅ D]-I-c-W-§Ä am{Xw Hm^okv kvt]kn kq£n-¡p-I. aäpÅh amänhbv¡m³ {i²n-¡pI. tPmen Ignbp¶ ka-b¯v hÀ¡v Gcnb ASp¡pw Nn«-tbm-Spw -Iq-Snb-Xm-sW¶v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯pI: FÃm Znh-khpw tPmen Ign-bp-t¼mÄ hÀ¡v Gcnb ASp¡pw Nn«bpw D-Å-XmsW¶v Dd-¸p-h-cp-¯p-I. FÃm D]-Ic-W-§fpw bYm-Øm-\¯v hbv¡p-I. hÀ¡v Gcn-b-bnse hr¯nI≠v kzbw A`n-am-\n-¡m\pÅ AhØ kwPm-Xam-¡pI. apI-fn ]dª Imcy-§-sfÃmw IrXy-ambn sNbvXm hyàn-]-c-am bpw sXmgnÂ]-c-ambpw Pohn-X-¯n Xnf-§m³ km[y-amIpw F¶v \nkwibw ]d-bmw. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


\n

§Ä Hcp hnZymÀ°n-bm-bn-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ \n§Ä¡pap¼n-epÅ Gähpw {][m-\-s¸« tNmZyw tijn-¡p¶ Pohn-X¯n \n§Ä F´v sN¿p-sa-¶-Xns\¡pdn-¨mWv. Cusbmcp kml-N-cy-¯n-eqsS Rm\pw Hcn-¡Â IS-¶p-t]m-b-XmWv. an¡ bphm-¡-sfbpw Ae-«p¶ tNmZy-am-Wn-Xv. \½-fn an¡-hcpw a[y-hÀK-¯nÂs¸-«-h-cmWv, amXm-]n-Xm-¡-fm-sW-¦n dnkvIv A[n-I-ap-ff kwcw-`-IXzw t]mse shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ -\n-dª Hcp sXmgn taJ-e-bn-te¡v X§-fpsS a¡sf Ab-¡m³ X¿m-d-p aÃ. \¶mbn ]Tn¨v, anI¨ tImsf-Pn \n¶pw F³Pn-\o-b-dnMv, saUn-¡Â Un{Kn-IÄ t\Sn, kpc-£n-X-amb Hcp sXmgn- k¼-m-Zn-¡p-I-bmWv an¡-h-cp-sSbpw e£yw.- A¯-c-¯n-semcp IpwSpw-_-¯n-embncp¶p Ftâbpw P\-\w. Aѳ tUmIvädpw A½ ho«½-bp-am-Wv. A¨-S-¡-¯n-\p-t]-cp-tI« kvIqfn-em-bn-

Star Entrepreneur

\n§Ä \n§-fpsS Xs¶

BOSS

cp¶p ]T\w. sF.-sF.Sn ]co-£bv¡v anI¨ hnPbw t\ Sn-b-Xp-am-Wv.- F-¶m Rms\-´n\p F³Pn-\o-b-dm-hWw F¶ tNmZyw \nc-´cw Fs¶ th«-bm-Sn-. ]mj-\n-Ãm¯ Hcp hnjbw ]Tn¨v A©v hÀjw sFsF-än-bn \jvSs¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn-s\-¡mfpw ]mj-\n-Ãm¯ asämcp hnjbw aq¶v hÀjw ]Tn-¡p-¶-XmWv \Ã-sX¶v Icp-Xn-bmWv _n.F C¡-tWm-an-Ivkn\v tNÀ¶-Xv. Un{Kn Ign-ªp-ff Imcys¯ Ipdn¨v Dd¨ t_m[y-ap-ff-Xn-\m _ncp-Z-¯n\v tijw c≠­v hÀjw tPmen sNbv Xv sFsFFw Al-a-Zm-_m-Zn tNÀ¶v ]Tn-¡m³ th­-≠nbp-ff {ia§-fmWv \S-¯n-b-Xv. ¥mIvtkmkvanXv¢n³ F¶-dn-bs¸-Sp¶ F¨v-FwFw I¼-\n-bn tlmÀenIvkv amÀ¡äv sN¿p¶ Xc-t¡SnÃm¯ tPmen-bn-en-cn-¡pt¼m-gmWv asämcp tNmZyw Fs¶ Ae-«n-b-Xv. Ipd¨v hÀj-§Ä¡v tijw Rm³ Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cn¡pw? D¯-c-§Ä hyà-am-bn-cp-¶p. 5 hÀj-¯n-\p-f-fn Rm³ Ipd¨p-bÀ¶ Im_n-\nÂ, AXn\v tijw amÀ¡änMv slUv...-kz´ambn F-s´-¦nepw sN¿p-¶-Xnsâ {XnÃmbn-cp¶p F\n-¡v. kzX-{´w, \n§Ä \n§-fpsS Xs¶ t_mkv,

Irjnsb kwcw-`-am¡n

\mÂhÀ kwLw

C´y-bnse Gähpw anI¨ CâÀs\ äv kwcw-`-I\pw naukri.com Øm]-I\p-amb kRvPohv _nIvN-µm\n Xm³ F§s\ kwcw-`-I-\m-sb¶v FaÀPnMv tIc-f-tbmSv ]d-bp¶p \n§-fpsS Imcy-§Ä \n§Ä¡v Xs¶ \n Ý-bn-¡mw...kwcw-`-I-\m-Ip-¶-Xnsâ t\«-§Ä \nc-h-[n. Fsâ kplr-¯n-t\m-sSm¸w c≠­v I¼-\n-IÄ XpS-§n, C³UvamÀIv, C³t^mFUvPv F¶n-h. C³UvamÀIv ^mÀa-kyq«n-¡Â t{SUv amÀ¡p-I-fp-ambn _Ô-s¸-«Xm-bn-cp-¶p, C³t^m-F-UvPm-Is« kmedn kÀtÆ-Ifpw dnt¸mÀ«p-I-fpw Xbm-dm-¡p¶ I¼-\n. c­≠pw h³hn-P-b-am-bn-. kwcw-`§Ä¡v IpSpw-_-¯n \n¶pw anI¨ ]n ´p-Wbpw e`n-¨p. C´y-bn kwcw-`-IÀ¡v IpSpw-_-¯nsâ ]n´pW \nÀWm-b-I-amWv. 1997 embn-cp¶p Rm³ naukri.com \v XpS¡w Ipdn-¨-Xv. (kRvPohv _nIvN-µm-\n-bpsS kwcw-`I X{´-§Ä ASp¯ e¡-¯nÂ)

Zn]n³ Zmtam-Z-c³, e£van \mcm-b-W³ kPo-h-ambn \S-¡p-¶p. Xp-X-e-ap-dbv¡pw Irjn hgcmk-hf {]tbm-K-¯n-eqsS \q §psa¶v sXfnbn¨v ssPhIrjnsb dn \qän-¸¯v ta\n sIm¿p¶ BZm-b-I-c-amb kwcw-`-am¡n hymh-km-bnI IÀj-IÀ¡n-S-bn XoÀ¡p-I-bmWv Xriqcnse ]pXphyXy-kvX-cpw, kzoIm-cycpw Bbn¡m«v kztZ-in-I-fmb \mÂhÀkw ¯o-cm³ ssPh-Irjn sIm≠­v Lw. hfsc sNdnb Imew sIm≠­v ChÀ¡v km[n-¨p. "kotdm _Pävv 10 skân \n¶pw ct­-≠¡-dn\m¨p-d ^manMv' F¶ t]cn te¡pw XpSÀ¶v 25 G¡-dn-te¡pw Adn-bs¸Sp¶ Irjnco-Xn¡v aqe-[s\ÂIrjn hym]n-¸n¨ncn-¡p\-ambn th­­≠Xv cmk-hfw tNcm¯ IbmWv A`y-Ø-hnZycmb Sn_n³ ]mShpw, Hcp \mS³ ]iphpw am{X]md-bv¡Â, tPmÀPv. sI. tPmkv, am-Wv. IrjbpsS ]ptcm-K-Xn-bn cPo-jv, at\mPv IpamÀ F¶o \mev \nÀWm-bI LSIam-Ip-¶Xv Cu kplr¯p¡Ä. \mS³ ]ip-hmWv. tKmaq{Xhpw, NmW-Ihpw am{X-amWv s\ XpS¡w Ffn-b-\n-e-bn Ãnsâ hfÀ¨-bv¡pÅ hfw. UÂln-bn s\ävhÀ¡v "PohmarXw'F¶ t]cn F³Pn\o-bÀ Bbn tPmen t\m¡nChÀXs¶ ssPh-hfw \n bn-cp¶ Sn_n³ \m«n ]co-£À½ns¨Sp¡p¶p. Hcp \mS³ ] Wm-Sn-Øm-\-¯n 10 skân ip-hns\ D]-tbm-Kn¨v 30 G¡À XpS-§nb ssPhIrjnbmWv Øe¯v hnP-b-I-c-ambn Irjn hgn-¯n-cn-hmbXv. Irjn`h-\n sN¿m\m-Ipsa¶v ChÀ ]d-bp\n¶p e`n¨ s\ hn¯p-Ifpw, ¶p. 20 hÀj-ambn Xcn-ip-\n-eImÀjnI in¸-im-e-bn \n¶p ambn InS¶ `qan-bnemWv \mÂhÀ e`n¨ Adn-hpw ChcpsS A[zm-\kwLw s]m¶phnf-bn-¨Xv. 20 G¡ ¯n\p apX¡q«mb-n. hnfshSp¸v -dn Irjn Cd-¡p-¶-Xn\v h¶ Ignª ct≠­-¡À ]mS¯p\n¶pw 2000 In.{Kmw s\Ãv! bph IÀj-Isc sNehv shdpw 1,80,000 cq]. hnfshSp¡p-¶ 3 amks¯ {] tXSn aäp c­≠p-t]À IqSnsb¯n. bXv\-¯ns\mSphn ChÀ {] tlm«Â amt\-Pvsaâ v Ignªv hntZ-i-¯v tPmen sNbvXncp¶ cPo- Xo-£n-¡p¶ hcp-am\w 9 e£hpw, Htc-¡dn \n¶p Hcp S¬ Acnjpw Irjnsb kvt\ln-¡p¶ ]m bpw. Rmdp \Sm³ "ssI\mSv' F¶ S-ti-Jc kanXn {]kn-Uâ v at\m coXn-bmWv Ahw-e-_n-¡p-¶-Xv. Pv Ipam-dpw. -A-tXmsS 2010 HIvtämIf ]dn-¡p-¶Xpw IÀjIÀ Xs¶. _-dn Ipdphm s\¸mSw hym]nIrjnsb b{´-h¡cn¡msX, ¨Xv 23 G¡-dn-te-¡mWv. 20 G¡À XnI¨pw ]c-¼-cm-K-X-amb s\ ]m«`qan-bn Xriqcnepw, aq¶v Ãp¸m-Z-\w. G¡-dn hb-\mSpw s\ Irjn

]p

FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

19


_m¦nwKv & ^n\m³kv

_m¦p-I-fnÂ

]Ww

kpc-£n-X-tam?

sh_vsskäv A{Ukn\v ap¼v F¨vSnSn]nFkv F¶v ImWn¨n-«pt≠­msb¶v Dd¸p hcp¯nbm Hcp ]cn[n hsc X«n¸v XSbm\mIpw. hymP sskäpIÄ¡v F¨vSnSn]n F¶p am{Xta D­≠mhpIbp-Åq

ssl sSIv kmt¦XnI hn-Zy- D-]-tbm-Kn¨v Hm¬-sse³ _m-¦nw-Kv kw-hn-[m-\w lm-¡v sN-bvXv sIm-¨n te-Iv-tjmÀ B-ip-]-{Xn-bn-se tUm-I-äv- dp-sS B-Ivkn-kv _m-¦v F¡u≠­­­-­n \n¶pw 11.14 e-£w cq-]-bmWv am^n-b-kwLw X-«n-sb-Sp-¯-Xv. 11.14 e£w cq] HgpInbXv H¼Xv kwkvYm\§fnse 22 _m¦pIfnse F-¡u≠­­­-­­­pIfnte-¡mWv. Cu ] Ww ]n³h-en-¨-XmIs« 94 FSnF½pIfn \n-¶pw. cmPy¯nsâ hnhn[ `mK§fn kam\amb \mev X«n¸pIÄ ASp¯ Ime¯v \S-¶p. A-Xn-sem¶v sIm¡¯bnse BIvknkv _m¦v im-J-bn-em-Wv. ChnsS \n¶v 34 e£w cq-]-bm-Wv ss\-Po-cn-b-¡mÀ DÄs¸-Sp-¶ am^n-b kw-Lw X-«n-sb-Sp-¯-Xv. 2011þ sIm¨n-bn X-«n-¸n-\n-cbmb tUm-Iv-ä-dp-sS _m-¦v F¡u≠­­­-­­v hn-h-c-§Ä tNmÀ-¯n-b-Xn-\p ]n-¶nepw ss\-Po-cn-b³ lm-¡À-am-cp-­≠­­­-­v. _m-¦p-I-fnepw \-½p-sS k-¼mZyw kp-c-

20

£n-X-amtWm F-¶ kwibamWv Cu X-«n-¸p-IÄ D-b-À¯p¶Xv.

I-hÀ-¨-bpsS ]p-Xp-h-gn-IÄ _m¦pIfn ZoÀL\mfmbn D]tbmKn¡msX InS¡p¶ F-¡u≠­­­-­­v D]tbm-Kn-¨m-Wv lm-¡À-amÀ ]Ww sIm-Å-b-Sn-¨-Xv. ]-e-t¸mgpw ]p-Xp-X-eap-d _m-¦p-IÄ tI-{µo-I-cn-¨m-Wv X-«n-¸p-IÄ \-S-¡p-¶-Xv. D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m-sX In-S-¡p-¶ F¡u≠­­­­-p- -I-fp-sS hnhcw X-«n-¸p-ImÀ-¡v \Â-Im\pw _m-¦v Po-h-\-¡mcpw C-S-\n-e-¡m-cm-bn {]hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶p-s­-≠¶m-Wv hn-h-cw. CâÀ-s\-äv X-«n-¸p-IÄ-¡S¡w C¯-cw F-¡u≠­­­­-p- -IÄ D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p--¶p. ]Ww F-¡u­≠­­­-­n F¯nbmepS³ ]n³hen-¡p-¶-Xn-\m C¯cw X«n¸pIÄ¡p]n ¶nepÅhsc Is≠­¯m³ _p²nap«m-Wv. F-¡u­≠­­­-­v DSa ]et¸mgpw X«n¸p \S¶Xmbn Adn-bpIbp-an-Ã. samss_ _m¦n§pambn _Ôs¸« sslsSIv kmt¦XnI-hn-Zy-bp-sS k-lmb-t¯m-sS, D]tbmKn¡msX InS¶ F-¡u≠­­­-­­v D]tbm-Kn¨mWv sIm-¨n-bnepw X-«n-¸v A-c-t§-dn-b-Xv. tUm-Iv-Sdp-sS F-¡u-­≠­­­-­v lm-¡v sN-bv-Xv hnh-c-§Ä tNmÀ¯n-b ti-jw A-t±-l-¯n-sâ t]-cn hym-Ptc-J-bp≠­­­­-m- -¡n tUm-IvS-dp-sS sam-ss_-en A-eÀ-«v sa-tk-Pv e-`n-¡p¶-Xv X-S-bm³ kw-Lw hym-P Uyq-¹n-t¡-äv knw ImÀUv ssI-¡-em-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. Iq-«m-bn Po-h-\-¡m-cpw? ]p-Xp-X-eap-d _m-¦p-I-fn-se C-S-]m-Sp-Im-cp-sS hn-h-c-§Ä tNmÀ-¯m³ Po-h-\-¡m-sc dn{Iq-«v-sN-¿p-¶ kw-L-§Ä hsc Cu ta-J-e-bn k-Po-h-am-Wv. C-¯-c-¯n \n-b-an-¡-s¸-Sp¶-hÀ {]-hÀ-¯n-¸n-¡m-Xn-cn¡p-¶ F-¡u≠­­­­-p- I-sf Ip-dn-¨v X-«n-¸v kw-L-§Ä-¡v hn-h-c§Ä tNmÀ-¯n \Â-Ip-¶p≠­­­-­­v. sIm-¨n- tI-kn ]n-Sn-bnem-b H-cmÄ- ]p-Xp-X-eap-d _m-¦p-IÄ¡mbn Po-h-\-¡m-sc dn-{Iq-«v sN-¿p-¶-Xn {]-[m-\n-bmWv. X-«n-¸p-IÄ {i-²-bnÂ-s¸-«m _m-¦pIÄ s]m-eo-kn A-dnbn-¡-W-sa-¶mWv BÀ _n sF \n-b-a-w. Cu \-S-]-Sn-{I-a§Ä ]ecpw ]m-en-¡m-dnÃ. _m-¦p-I-fp-sS hym-P-ssk-äp-IÄ {]ap-J C-´y³ _m¦pIfpsS H-cp U-k-t\mfw hymP sh_vsskäp-I-fp­≠­­­-­m¡n CS ]mSpImcpsS F¡u­­≠­v hnhc§Ä tNmÀ¯nbpÅ ] Ww X«n-¸v A-Sp-¯n-sS I-s-­≠­­­-­ ¯n-bn-cp¶p. tÌäv _m¦v Hm^v

C-S-]m-Sp-Im-cp-sS {i-²-bv¡v 1 Hm¬sse³ _m¦nMn\v CâÀs\äv It^Ifpw s]mXp I¼yq«dpIfpw s\-ävhÀ-¡v kw-hn-[m-\-¯n  {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶ I-¼yq-«-dp-Ifpw Hgnhm¡p-I. 2 ]m-kvth-ÀUp-IÄ CS-bv¡nsS amän-sIm≠-­n-cn¡p-I. ]m-kvth-ÀUn A-£-c-­­§Ä-¡v ]pd-sa A-¡-§fpw Nn-Ó-§-fpw (!,@, #,$, %, ^, &,* (,)) DÄ-s¸-Sp-¯p¶-Xv \-¶m-bn-cn-¡pw. 3 bq-kÀ- sF-Unbpw ]m-kvthÀUpw \Â-Im³ shÀ-Nz Iot_mÀ-Uv D-]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯p-I. 4 _m¦n-sâ Hu-tZymKnI sh_vsskäpIÄ t^hdnäv enÌn DÄs¸Sp¯p-I. 8 _m-¦p-IÄ H-cn-¡-epw I-kv-ä-a-tdm-Sv C-S-]m-Sp-Ifp-sS hnh-c-§Ä Cþsa-bn hgn-tbm, F-kv Fw F-kv hgn-tbm t^m¬- ap-Jm-´-ctam tNm-Zn-¡nÃ.

Hm¬sse³ X«n¸v XSbm³ Iot_mÀUpÅ

s{IUnävImÀ-Uv hnkbpsS bqtdm]y³ imJ A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨n-«p≠­v. 12 _«-\pÅ sNdnsbmcp Iot_mÀUpw sNdp Unkvs¹ ]m\epamWv ImÀUnepÅXv. hnk tImUv jphÀ ImÀ-Uv F¶mWv CXnsâ t]cv. ImÀUnse kpc£mkwhn[m\w aq¶phÀjw {]hÀ¯n¡m\mhiyamb _mädnbpw ImÀUn Xs¶-bp≠v. ImÀUnsâ t] gvkW sFUân^nt¡j³ \¼À (]n³) Iot_mÀUv D]tbmKn¨v ssS¸v sN¿pt¼mÄ, A£c§fpw kwJyIfpaS§nb Hcp khntij clkyhm¡v ImÀUnsâ Unkvs¹ `mK¯v sXfnbpw. B clkyhm¡v ssS¸v sNbvXmte sh_v tjm¸nMv kvvtämdnse {Ibhn{Ibw AwKoIcn¡s¸Sq.

C´y, C´y³ _m-¦v, ]©m_v \mjW _m¦v, sFknsFkn-sF XpS§nb _m¦pIfmWv A] csskäpIfpsS D]{Zhw t\cnSp¶Xv. sh_vsskänsâ A{Ukn\v ap¼v F¨vSnSn]n Fkv F¶v ImWn¨n-«pt≠­­­-­­msb¶v Dd¸p hcp ¯nbm Hcp ]cn[n hsc X«n¸v XSbm\m Ipw. hymP sskäpIÄ¡v F¨vSnSn]n F¶p am{Xta D≠­­­-­­mhpIbp-Åq. _m¦pIfpsS bYmÀ° sskämsW¶v IcpXn CâÀs\äv aptJ\bpÅ CS]mSpIÄ¡mbn temKn³ t]cpw ]mkvthÀUpw ssS¸v sN¿p¶hcmWv X«n¸n\ncbmIp¶Xv. DS\ Sn tNmÀ¯s¸Sp¶ Cu hnhc§Ä D]tbmKn¨v bYmÀ-° F-¡u≠­­­-­­n \n¶pw ]Ww amäpIbmWv ] Xnhv. sskäpIfpsS \nPkvYnXn AdnbmsX CXn {]thin¡p¶hÀ Ct¸mgpw hÀ[n¡pIbmWv. CS]mSpImÀ I_fn¸n¡s¸Sp¶nsöv Dd¸m-t¡≠­­­-­­ _m[yX apJyambpw _m¦v A[nIrXÀ¡msW¶ncns¡ CXn\v _m¦pIÄ XbmdmIp¶nsömWv Btcm-]-Ww. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


"s]mXp-ta-Je _m¦p-IÄ¡v hnizm-kyX IqSp-XÂ' _m¦nwKv tkh-\-§Ä cmPy-¯nsâ FÃm- `m-K¯pw {]tXyIn¨v, {KmaoW taJ-e-bn F¯n-¡-W-sa¶ dnkÀÆv _m¦v Hm^v C´y-bpsS \b-¯nsâ ]Ým-¯-e-¯n _m¦nwKv cwKs¯ ]pXn-b s{S³-Up-I-Ä, hn-izm-kyX, F-kv-_n-Sn-bp-sS ]pXnb ]-²-Xn-I-Ä, s{]m-U-Iväp-IÄ F-¶n-h-sb-¡p-dn-¨v tÌäv _m¦v Hm-^v {Sm-h³-IqÀ No-^v P-\-d am-t\-PÀ Fw kn tP¡-_v F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv kw-km-cn-¡p¶p

_m ¦nw-Kv cwK-s¯ ]pXn-b s{S³-Up-IÄ? \n-t£-]hpw hm-bv-]-bp-ambn kPo-h-am-bn-cp¶ \-½p-

sS _m¦p-IÄ Cs¶mcp "^n-\m³-jy kq-¸À-amÀ¡-äv' Bbn D-bÀ-¶p-I-gnªncn-¡p¶p. B- \n-e-bv-¡v Iq-Sp-X s{]m-U-IväpIÄ A-h-X-cn-¸n-t¡-­-≠Xm-bn h-cpw. D-Zm-l-c-W-¯n\v lu-knw-Kv tem¬ F¶-Xv C-¶v `q-an-hm§Â, ho-Sv \nÀ-½n-¡Â, \-ho-I-cn-¡Â F-¶o ta-J-e-I-fn-te-bv-¡p hym-]n¨p. hy-Xykv-X tKmÄ-Uv tem-Wp-I-fm-Wv a-säm-cp D-¸¶w. hn]-Wn am-ä-§Ä-¡v A-\p-kcn¨v s{]m-U-Iväp-I-fnepw am-äw h¶p-sIm-t≠bn-cn-¡pw. Nn-e _m-¦p-IÄ tk-hnw-Kv-kv td-äv Iq«p¶Xpw H-cp s{]m-U-Iväm-bn hn-e-bn-cp-¯mw. F-kv_nSnsb kw-_-Ôn¨v Cu s{S³-Up-IÄ-¡v A-\pkrX-am-bn \o-§m-\pÅ hn`-h-tijnb-p≠v. ]pXpX-eap-d _m-¦p-IÄ D-bÀ-¯p-¶ shÃp-hn-fn-? s]m-Xp-taJ-em _m-¦p-IÄ-¡n-S-bn X-s¶ Btcm-Ky-I-cam-b \-sÃm-cp a-Âk-c-am-Wv \-S-¡p-¶Xv. P-\-§Ä-¡mIs« Cu \n-c-bn-se _m-¦p-I-sfbpw _m-¦p-IÄ-¡v P-\-§-sfbpw t\-cn-«-dn-bmw. ChnsS hn-izm-ky-X- hen-sbm-cp LSIam-Wv. \yq P-\-td-j³ _m-¦p-IÄ¡v Cu H-cp ]-iv-Nm-¯-e-anÃ. A-hÀ G-sX¦nepw H-cp ]pXn-b s{]m-U-Iväp-am-bn cw-K-t¯-¡v h-¶v ]-e Hm-^-dp-Ifpw \Â-Ipw. ]-t£, Øm-bnbm-b H-cp \n-e-\nÂ-¸v A-hÀ-¡p≠-­m-InÃ. ]pXn-b s{]m-U-IväpIfpw Hm-^-dp-I-fpam-bn F¯nb sk-©q-dn-b³ _m¦v, ssSw-kv _m¦v F-¶n-h-scm-s¡ C-t¸mÄ F-hn-sSbmsWt¶mÀ¡-Ww._m-¦nw-Kv F¶-Xv H-cp \q-dp-aoäÀ Hm-«aÃ. A-Xv H-cp am-c-¯¬ BWv. AXp-sIm≠-­v t\c-s¯ kq-Nn-¸n-¨ hn-izm-ky-X-bm-Wv C-hn-sS {]-[m\ L-SIw. \yq P-\-td-j³ _m-¦n C-¶p sXm-gn sN-¿p-¶ H-cm-sf \m-sf Nn-e-t¸mÄ A-hn-sS Im-Wm³ I-gn-sª-¶p h-cnÃ. A-Xv I-kv-ä-a-dn \n-cm-i-bp-­≠m¡p¶p. A-tX-ka-bw, s]m-Xp-taJ-em _m-¦p-I-fn Po-h-\-¡mcpw D-]-t`m-àm-¡fpw X-½n \-sÃm-cp _-Ô-am-bn-cn-¡pw. Øn-c-am-bn Im-Wp-¶ ]-cn-N-b-ap-Å Po-h-\-¡m-cp-am-bp-Å ku-lr-Zhpw D-]-t`m-àm¡-sf s]m-Xp-ta-J-em -_m-¦n-te-bv-¡v \-bn-¡pw. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ kzÀ-W {`-ahpw F-kv _n Sn-bp-w? kzÀ-W hn-]-W-bn tI-c-f-¯n-sâ C-S-s]-S hfsc an-I-¨ co-Xn-bn-em-Wv. A-XpsIm≠-v­X-s¶ kzÀ-W ]-W-b-¯nt·Â hm-bv-]-IÄ \Â-Ip-¶-Xn-\mbn tKmÄUv t]m-bnâp-IÄ XpS-§n I-gnªp. ]-e {_m-©p-Ifnepw C-Xn-\p-Å ku-Icy-sam-cp-¡n-bn-«p≠­v. F-kv _n Sn-bp-sS Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw {_m-©n F-¡u≠-­v D-Å H-cmÄ-¡v F-d-Wm-Ipf-s¯ {_m-©n \n-¶v tKmÄ-Uv tem¬ F-Sp-¡mhp¶ X-c-¯n-em-Wv C-Xv B-hn-jv-Icn-¨n-«p-ÅXv. Iq-Sm-sX, kzÀ-Ww PqhÂ-dn-bn \n¶v hm-§p-¶-Xn\pw ^n-\m³-kv \Â-Ip-¶p­≠v. kzÀ-W \m-W-b-§Ä D-]-t`m-àm-¡Ä-¡v hm-§m-\p-Å ]-²-XnIfpw F-kv-_n-Sn-bn-ep­≠v. kzÀ-W hn]-W-\ cwK-s¯ {]ap-J PqhÂ-dn-I-sfÃmw X-s¶ tI-c-f-¯n \n-¶pÅ-h-cm-Wv. tI-c-f-¯n-sâ kzÀ-W {`-aw Xn-cn-¨-dn-ª _m¦v Hm-^v kzn-äv-kÀ-eâ v C-hn-sS-bv-¡v h-cm³ H-cp-§pI-bmWv. A-Xmb-Xv a-e-bm-fn-IÄ dn-b F-tÌ-äv taJ-e-bn-se-¶-t]m-se kzÀ-W-¯nepw \n-t£-]n-¡m³ B-{K-ln-¡p-¶p-sh-¶À°w. C-hn-sS F-kv _n Sn-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨v ]-Ww D≠-­m-¡p-I-bà a-dn-¨v an-I-¨ tk-h-\, hn]-W-\ km-[y-X-bm-Wv e-£yanSp-¶Xv. _m-¦nw-Kv ta-J-e-bp-sS hn-I-k-\hpw F-kv _n Sn-bpsS ]-²-Xn-Ifpw _m-¦nw-Kv ta-J-e-bp-sS h³ hn-Ik-\ km-[y-X-IÄ FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

Xp-d-¡-s¸«psIm≠-­n-cn-¡p-¶ km-l-N-cy-¯n Cu ta-J-e-bn-tebv-¡v Iq-Sp-X bp-h-Xnþbp-hm¡Ä I-S-¶p-h-cp¶p≠-­v. C-¯-c¯n-epÅ s{]m ^-j-W-ep I-sf ]-cn-ioen-¸n-¡m-\p-Å H-cp s{Sbv\nw-Kv tImsf-Pv R§Ä¡p­≠v. a-äv _m-¦pI-fn-se-bpw kam-\ C³-Ìn-äyq-«p-I-fn-sebpw Po-h-\¡mÀ¡pw ]-cn-ioe-\w e-`y-am-¡-¯-¡ hn[¯n-em-Wv C-Xv k-Öo-I-cn-¨n-«p-Å-Xv. hn-izm-ky-X-bp-sS Im-cy¯n an-I-hp ]peÀ¯p-¶-Xm-Wv F-kv _n Sn-bpsS tImÀ _m-¦nw-Kv tkh\§Ä. _n-kn\-kv cwK-s¯ h-fÀ-¨-bv¡pw C-sXm-cp Imc-W-amWv. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p -¯v am-{X-am-bn C-t¸mÄ F-kv-_n-Sn-bv-¡v 100 imJ-IÄ D≠-­v. C-hn-Sp-s¯ _n-kn\-kv Im-cy-§Ä \n-b{´n-¡m³ H-cp tkmW Hm-^n-kv Iq-Sn-tb Xo-cq. CXp-X-s¶-bm-Wv a-äv PnÃ-Ifp-sSbpw Øn-Xn. AXpsIm≠­vFÃm PnÃ-I-fnepw tkmW Hm-^n-kp-IÄ Xp-d-¡m-\pÅ X-¿m-sd-Sp-¸nem-Wv. B-Zy L-«-¯n 7 tkmW Hm-^okp-I-fm-Wv e-£y-an-Sp-¶Xv. C-tXm-sSm¸w Xs¶ 60 ]pXn-b im-JIÄ Øm-]n-¡pw. hn-Zym-`ymk tem-Wp-I-sf¡p-dn-¨v? hn-Zym-`ymk tem-Wp-IÄ \Â-Ip-¶ Im-cy-¯n F-kv _n Sn ap³-]-´n-bn X-s¶-bm-Wv. C-Xv R-§fp-sS H-cp {][m-\ s{]m-UIvämWv. ]-e-t¸m-gpw temWp-IÄ F-Sp-¡p-¶-hÀ-¡v A-Xv Xn-cn-¨-S-bv-¡m-\p-Å km-l-N-cyw D≠-­m-Im-dnÃ. D-Zm-l-c-W-¯n-\v \-gv-knw-Kv ]Tn-¡m-\m bn _m-¦v tem¬ \Â-Ip¶p­≠v. A-h-cn ]-eÀ¡pw ]Tn-¨n-d-§p-t¼mÄ \à tPm-en I-≠ ­ p-]n-Sn-bv¡m-t\m Xncn-¨-S-bv¡mt\m I-gn-bmdn Ã. a-äv cw-K-§-fnepw Øn-Xn hy-Xy-kv-X-aÃ. tem¬ Xncn-¨-S-bv-¡m³ B-h-iy-s¸-«v _m-¦n-sâ `mK-¯p \n-¶v A-dn-bn-¨m Nn-e cm-{ãob C-S-s]-S-ep-Ifpw {]-iv-\§Ä kr-ãn-¡pw. tem¬ Xn-cn-¨-Sbv-¡m-¯h-sc

kw-_-Ôn-¨p-Å hn-h-c-§Ä s{I-Un-äv td-änw-Kv G-P³knbm-b kn-_n-en-\v dn-t¸mÀ-«v sN-t¿­≠n-h-cpw. A-tXmsS C-hÀ-¡v a-äv _m-¦p-I-fn \n-¶v H-cp tem¬-t]mepw e-`n-¡m-sX h-cpw. F-´n-t\-sd, s{I-Un-äv ImÀ-Uv t]mepw e-`n-¡nÃ. hn-Zym-`ymk tem-Wp-IÄ F-Sp-¡p¶-hÀ A-sXm-cp ]-cn-]m-h-\-am-b, [mÀ-½n-I-am-b D-¯-chm-Zn-Xz-am-bn I≠-­vXn-cn-¨-S-bv-¡m³ {i-²n-¡-Ww.

21


{_m³UnwKv & {_m³Uvkv

ImÀsj-Un \n¶v ]nd-hn-sb-Sp-¯ Imen-t^mÀWnb-bnse Hcp ImÀsjUn \n¶m-bn-cp¶p KqKn-fnsâ Bcw-`w. efn-X-amb cq]-L-S-\-bn-eq-sS CâÀs\äv temI¯v amä¯nsâ sImSp-¦mäv hoinb KqKnÄ, C¶v temIs¯ Gähpw anI¨ sSIv {_m³Um-Wv. KqKnfnsâ {_m³Uv _nÂUn§v X{´-§-Ä

D]-t`m-àm-hmWv ssZhw D]t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v hgn-Im«nbmbn-cn-

¡Ww F¶-Xm-bn-cp¶p KqKn-fnsâ Øm]-Ic-- psS kz]v\w. AXn-\pth≠n efn-X-amb cq]-IÂ]-\bpw AÀ¸Wt_m[-hpw KqKnÄ, Bcw`w apX Xs¶ kzoI-cn-¨n-cp¶p. efn-X-ambpw,- th-K-¯nepw D]t`màm¡Ä¡v hnh-c-§Ä ssIamdp-¶Xn\v th≠n, Hmtcm-L-«-¯nepw KqKn-fns\ ]cnjvIcn-¡p¶Xnepw Øm]-IÀ {i² sNep¯n. D]-t`màm-¡Ä¡-pÅ tkh-\-§-fpsS KpWta·-bpw, \ne-hm-chpw DbÀ¯p-¶Xn\v th≠n s]mXp-P-\-§-fn \n¶v \nÀt±-i-§Ä kzoI-cn¨v, KqKn-fns\ P\-{]n-b- am-[yaw Bbn DbÀ¯n hf-sc-b-[nIw klm-bn-¨p. C§s\ XpS-À¨-bmbn D]-t`m-àm-¡-Ä¡v th≠n am{Xw {]hÀ¯n-¨Xv KqKn-fn-

{_m³Uv

sâ hnizm-kyX hÀ²n-¸n¨Xn \n À®m-bI LS-I-am-Wv. emfn-Xy-amWv apJ-ap{Z FÃm-¯cw D]-t`m-àm-¡-sfbpw ap¶n I≠psIm­­≠v KqKnÄ F¶ skÀ¨v F³Pn\v efn-X-amb cq]IÂ]-\-bmWv CXnsâ Øm]-IÀ kzoI-cn-¨p-t]m-¶-Xv. BZy-Im-e-§fn KqKnÄ skÀ¨v _oäm shÀj\n-em-bn-cp¶p {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. Nn{X-§Ä A[n-I-sam¶pw \ÂImsX-bpÅ emfn-Xy-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Snb {] hÀ¯-\-ssien KqKnÄ t]Pp-IÄ temUv sN¿p-¶Xv Ffp-¸-am-¡n. CXv KqKn-fnsâ {]Nmcw hÀ²n-¡p-¶-Xn\v Imc-W-am-bn. Adn-hp-IÄ tiJ-cn¨v kmÀÆtZ-io-b-ambn e`y-am-¡pI F¶ {] Jym-]nX e£y-t¯m-sS-bm-bn-cp¶p KqKn-fnsâ P\-\w. temI-¯nsâ GXv aqe-bn \n¶v skÀ¨v sNbv

KqKnÄ..

KqKn-fn-sâ kphÀ -®XmfpI-f

temI-¯nse Gähpw he-nb skÀ¨v F

³Pn-\mWv Ata-cn-¡³ I¼-\n-bmb KqKnÄ. Ìm³ kÀÆ-I-em-im-e-bnse ]n t^mÀUv hnZymÀ°n-I-fm-bn-cp¶ emF¨v Un skÀPn {_n³ F¶n-h-cpsSdn t]Pv, KthjW-¯nsâ ^e-am-bn-«m-b fnsâ P\-\w. 1997 sk]vn-cp¶p KqKnäw-_À 15 \v BWv KqKnÄ F¶ sU \maw cPn-ÌÀ sNbvXXv. msa-bn³ H¶n\p tijw \qdp hcp¶ kwJysb kqNn-¸]qPy§Ä D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶ KqKÄ Fn-¡m³ Zw skÀ¨v F³Pnsâ t] ¶ ] ¶m-bn-cp¶p Øm]-I-cpsScm-¡msaF®n-bm-sem-Sp-§m¯ hn e£yw. Cu tkÀ¨v F³Pn-\n h-c§Ä F¶ ktµ-i-am-bn-cp¶p e`y-amIpw CXn\p ]n

Xmepw hnh-c-§Ä e`n-¡p-¶-Xv, KqKnfnsâ s]cpa {]Xn-Zn\w hÀ²n¡m³ Imc-W-am-bn. hnh-c-§Ä FÃm-hÀ¡pw e`y-am-t¡≠Xv Ime-¯nsâ A\n-hm-cy-Xbm-sW¶v Xncn-¨-dn-ª KqKn-fnsâ kmaqly-{]-Xn-_²X -temIw Ccp-ssIbpw \o«-n- kzoI-cn-¨p. C¶-thäohv amÀ¡-än§v aäv ]e I¼-\n-Ifpw X§-fpsS D¸¶-§-fpsS amÀ¡-än-§n\v th≠n tImSn-¡W-¡n\v cq] sNe-h-gn-¡p-t¼mÄ, KqKnÄ

neq-sS...

¶nÂ, F¶m AhÀ FgpXn t¸mÄ KqK-fn\p ]Icw KqKnÄ h¶-B 1998  Imen-t^mÀWn-b-bn bn. kplr-¯nsâ ImÀsj-Un B Hcp emdnbpw skÀPnbpw X§-fpsS Wv bpsS {]hÀ¯\w Bcw`n¨-X I¼-\namb cq]-IÂ]\bpw, kmaql v. efn-XXn-_-²-Xbpw KqKn-fns\ Câ y {] Às\äv D]t`m-àm-¡Ä¡v IqSp-X {]N Xm-¡n. tIhew skÀ¨v F³ mcapÅam{Xw Bbn XpS¡w Ipdn¨ Pn³ C¶v Nn{X-§Ä, hmÀ¯-IÄ, KqKn-fn\v hoUn tbm, am¸p-IÄ- F-¶n-§s\ Câ sâ kaØ taJ-e-I-fnepw A\Às\-änkwhn-[m-\-§Ä D≠v. temI-¯ p-_Ô Gähpw henb sXmgn ZmX nse m-¡-fn HcmÄ IqSn-bmb KqKnÂ, temI bpsS -{]nbs¸« {_m³Up-Iq-S -P-\-Xn-bm-Wv.

{i² sNep-¯n-bn-cp-¶Xv D]-t`m-àm-¡fn Xs¶-bm-Wv. AhÀ Xs¶ CXnsâ {]Nm-cI-cmbn amdp-Ibpw sNbvXp. KqKnÄ kz´w ]c-ky§Ä \ÂInbn-cp-¶nÃ. KqKn-fnsâ D]-t`m-àm-¡Ä Xs¶-bmWv CXnsâ {]Nm-c-IÀ; AXpt]m-se-Xs¶ KqKn-fnsâ tlmwt]-Pn aäp-Å-h-cpsS ]c-ky-§Ä {]Z-Àin-¸n-¡pIbpw sN¿p-¶n-Ã. F¶m 99 iX-am\w hcp-am\hpw ChÀ t\Sp-¶Xv ]c-ky-§-fneq-sS-X-s¶-bm-Wv.

{_m³Uv þ hnizmky-X-bpsS apJ-ap{Z tPmÀPv tPm¬, {_m³UnwKv hnZ-Kv[³, Sn- _n U»yq F bpsS ap³ kn.-Fw.-Un

hn]Wnbn-se-¯p¶ Hmtcm DÂ]-¶¯n-sâbpw hnizm-ky-Xsb {]Xn-\n-

[m\w sN¿p¶ hm¡mWv {_m³Uv. D]-t`m-àm-¡-Ä¡nS-bn DXv]-¶¯nsâ P\-Io-bXbpw, kzoIm-cy--Xbpw {_m³Uns\ B{i-bn-¨n-cn¡pw. {_m³Unsâ ]n´p-W-bn-ÃmsX F ¯p¶ DXv]-¶-§Ä hn]Wn Is≠­ Øp∂-Xn¬ ]cm-P-bs-- -∏Sp∂p F∂Xv {_m≥Uns‚ {]k‡n shfn-hm-°p-∂p. D]t`m‡r kwkvIm-c-Øn-s‚ `mKam-bn°--gn™ {_m≥Unw-Kv, tkh\ taJ-esb°qSn hcp-Xn-bn-em-°n-bn-cp-∂p. tkh\ taJ-e-bn¬ D¬]∂ hn]-W\-Øn-¬ Ct∏m¬ {_m≥UnwKv {][m\ ]¶p-h-ln-°p-∂p. hnZym-`ymk taJebn¬ t]mepw {_m≥UnwKv hnP-bØns‚ ]cym-b-amWv. F≥Pn-\o-b-dnwKv

22

hnZym-`ykØn¬ IIT F∂ C¥y≥ {_ m≥Uv DS-se-Sp-ØXv CXn-\p-Zm-l-c-W-amWv. MBA hnZym-`ymkcwKØv H´-\-h[n ÿm]-\-߃ Ds≠¶nepw IIM ˛A-lΩ-Zm-_m-Zv, Hcp {_m≥Umbn {i≤n-°s∏-Sp-∂Xpw FUyq-˛-{_m≥Unw-Kns‚ `mK-am-bm-Wv. B`y-¥chn]-Wn-bnse sNdp Ne\-߃ t]mepw a\knem°pI F∂XmWv i‡-am-sbmcp {_m≥Uv sI´n-∏Sp-°p-∂-Xn¬ {][m\w. D¬]-∂-ß-fpsS hne CXn¬ apJy ]¶p-h-ln-°p-∂p. B[p-\nI hn]-W\ imkv{Xw, hn]-WnbpsS ASn-ÿm\ XXz-ß-fn¬ am‰w hcp-Øn-bn-´n-√. D¬]m-Z-\-Ønepw, KpWta≥a ]cn-]m-en-°p-∂-Xnepw {]m[m\yw­ \¬IpI F∂-XmWv \s√mcp {_m≥­ Uns\ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw ASnÿm\ XXzw. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


temI¯v BZy-ambn _mÀtImUv kvIm³ sN¿-s¸« {_m³Uv?

KpW-ta·bpsS

1.- C´y³ sdbnÂshkv 2. 501 _mÀ tkm¸v 3. dnKveokv NyqbnwKv Kw 4. A¶ {Kq¸v 5. ]n F³ kn tat\m³

]m-Z-ap{Z... Z£ntW´y-bnse {]apJ ]mZ-c£m {_m³UmWv hn sI kn. sNdnb aqe-[-\-hpw, Npcp¡w sXmgn-em-fnI-sf bpw sIm≠v Bcw-`n¨, hn sI kn {Kq¸n\v 600 anÃy¬ cq]-bpsS hmÀ jnI hnäp-h-c-hn F¯n-\n¡p-¶p. BÀ¡pw ]n´pScm-hp-¶-XmWv Ch-cpsS amXr-I. {_m³Uv _nÂUn§n Ahew-_n-¨n-«pÅ X{´-§Ä hn sI kn {Kq¸v Ub-d-IvSÀ hn \ujmZv FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bp-ambn ]¦p-h-bv¡p-¶p KpWta·-bmWv ssIap-X hn sI kn {Kq¸n \n ¶pÅ ]mZ-c-£I -- Ä Hcn¡ epw KpW-ta³a-bn ]n t¶m¡w t]mbn-«nÃ. Kp-Wta³--a-bpÅ ]mZ-c-£-IÄ, Xm§mhp¶ hnebv¡v D]t`m-àm-¡-Ä¡v F¯n-¡p-I F¶-XmWv R§-fpsS e hn. \ujmZv, £yw. KpW-ta·bv¡v hn Ub-d-IvSÀ, sI kn I¸n-¨n-«pÅ {]m hn sI kn {Kq¸v [m\yw Xs¶-bmWv hn sI kn bpsS hnP-b-c-l-ky-hpw. D]-t`m-àm-¡-fpsS \nÀtZ-i-§Ä DÄs¡m­­­­ ≠psIm≠pÅ {]hÀ¯-\-ssien hn sI kn ]pXnb tamU ]mZ-c-£-IÄ Cd¡nbmÂ, DS³ Xs¶ D]-t`m-àm-¡-fn \n ¶pÅ D]tZiw kmwio-Icn¨psIm≠v ]n¶o-SpÅ tamU-en amäw DÄs¡m-Ån-¡m³ {ian-¡m-dp≠v. Cu LSIw Xs¶bmWv D]-t`m-àm-hns\ hn sI knbnte¡v IqSpX ASp-¸n-¨p-\n À¯p-¶-Xpw. dosäbv tjm¸p-I-fp-am-bpÅ Bß-_Ôw hn sI kn {Kq¸p-IÄ F¶pw dnsSbv tjm¸p-Ifpambn \à Bß-_Ôw ]peÀ-¯nt¸m-cp¶p. AtXm-sSm¸w hn sI kn bpsS ]mZc-£-IÄ FÃm dosäbv tjm¸p-I-fnepw F¯p¶ps≠¶v Dd-¸phcp-¯pIbpw sN¿p-¶p. FÃmw hn`m-K-§Ä¡p-apÅ ]mZc£-IÄ hn sI kn Cd-¡p¶p Ip«n-IÄ¡pw kv{XoIÄ¡pw ]pcp-j³amÀ¡pw th≠ ]mZ-c-£-IÄ hn sI kn {]tXyIw Cd¡p¶p. CXv hn sI kn ¡v FÃm hn`mKw D]t`m-àm¡Ä¡pan-S-bn kzoIm-cyX t\Sn-¯c-- p-¶ LS-I-§fn H¶mWv. hyXy-kvX-amb {]tam-j³ coXn-IÄ hn sI kn bpsS {_m³Uv {]tamj\vth≠n CeIvt{Sm-WnIv aoUn-bbpw {]nâ vao-Un-bbpw Htct]mse D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶p. efn-X-amb `mj-bmWv {]tam-j\pIÄ¡mbn D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-«pÅXv. D]-t`m-àm-hmWv FÃmw D]-t`m-àm-hnsâ a\w sXm«-dnª {_m³UpIÄ¡p am{Xta \ne-\n¸pÅq. D]-t`m-àmhnsâ A`n-cp-Nn-¡-\p-k-cn¨v Ime¯nsâ amäw DÄs¡m≠psIm≠v hyXy-kvX-amb ]mZ-c-£IÄ Cd-¡m³ Ign-ªXmWv hn sI kn bpsS hnPbw. FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

D¯-c-§Ä

Bizzy Bites

hn sI kn bpsS \mÄhgn-bn-eqsS ssZh-¯nsâ kz´w

\m«n KpW-ta·bpsS apJ-ap{Zbpambn hn sI kn ]mZ-c-£-IÄ tImgn-t¡mSv BØm-\ambn {]hÀ¯\amcw`n¨ hn sI kn {Kq¸v, C¶v sXt¡ C´y-bnse X¶ \¼Àh¬ ]mZ-c-£-m \nÀ½mW I¼-\nbmWv. 1984  XpÑ-amb aqe-[-\ hpw, Npcp-§nb sXmgn-emfn-I-sfbpw sIm≠mWv Øm]I\mb hn sI kn a½Zv tImb Xsâ {] bmWw Bcw-`n-¨Xv. hn sI kn lhmbv Bbncp¶p hn sI kn {Kq¸n \n¶v ]pd-¯n-d-§nb BZys¯ ]mZ-c-£-IÄ. {]mcw` L«-¯n 600 tPmUn ]mZ-c-£-IÄ am{X-amWv {]Xn-Zn\w D¸m-Zn-¸n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. ]n ¶oSv ]Sn-]-Sn-bm-bn-«mbncp¶p Ch-cpsS hfÀ¨. C¶v Ch-cpsS hmÀjnI hnäp-h-chv 600 anÃy-¬ cq]-bn F¯n\n ¡p¶p. GI-tZiw Bbn-c-t¯mfw sXmgn-emfn-IÄ hn sI kn bpsS hnhn[ bqWn-äp-Ifn C¶v tPmen sN¿p-¶p≠v. Ch-cpsS {][m-\-s¸« ¹mâp-IÄ tIcf-¯nepw, Xan-gv\m-«n-epamWv. ]pXnsbmcp bqWnäv B{Ôm{]-tZ-in ASp-¯p-Xs¶ Bcw-`n-¡pw. hnhn[ KÄ ^v cmPy-§-fnte¡pw hn sI kn bpsS ]mZ-c£-IÄ Ibän Ab-¡p¶p≠v.

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({Uowkv Iznkv ¢_n sâ No^v tImÀUn-t\-ä-dmb kvt\lPv, A\qÀ sUâ tImsfPn _tbm-þ sI-ankv{Sn doU-dmWv)

kvt\lPv {io\n-hmkv

1. GXv Øm]-\-¯nsâ 150-þmw hmÀjn-I-t¯m-S-\p_Ôn-¨mWv kptNX an{i "t`mep' F¶ `mKy-ap{Zsb krjvSn¨Xv? 2.tkm¸v tPm¬ F¶ A]-c-\maw e`n¨ {io Sn sP tPm¬ Fd-Wm-Ipfs¯ tSmwtIm ^mIvS-dn-bn- krjvSn¨ {]-apJ {_m³Uv GXv? 3. temI¯v BZy-ambn _mÀtImUv kvIm³ sN¿-s¸« {_m³Uv GXv? 4. 1968  {io Fw kn tP¡_v Bcw-`n¨ Cu {]a-pJ {Kq¸mWv C¶v tIc-f-¯-n- hfsc {]-i-kvX-amb Insä-Ivkv, kmdm-kv, kvIq_n tU XpS-§n-b ]e {_m³Up-If-- p-tSbpw \nÀ½m-Xm-¡Ä. GXmWo {Kq¸v? 5. temI-¯nse Gähpw k¼-¶-cmb ae-bm-fn-I-fpsS enÌn ]e-t¸mgpw ap³\n-c-bnenSw ]nSn-¡m-dpÅ Cu {] apJ hyh-kmbn BcmWv? Mail your feed back at quiz4snehaj@gmail.com

23


C³sh-Ìvsaâ v ssKUv

hntZi aqe-[-\\n-t£]w A\n-hmcyw

Fkv-tImÀ-Sv enan-äUv ImÀjn-I b-{´-km-a-{Kn-I-fp-sS D-Xv-]m-Z-\, hn]-W-\, hn-X-c-W taA-c-hn-µm-£³ \mbÀ, J-e-bn i-àam-b kzm-[o-\-ap-Å I-¼-\nbm-Wv Fkv-tImÀ-Sv en-anU-b-d-ÎÀ, A-Iyp-sa³ äUv. Cu I-¼-\n-bp-sS aq-¶v hn-`m-KIym-]n-ä amÀ¡-äv §-fpw G-Io-I-cn-¨v {]-hÀ-¯n-¡m³ C´ym en-anäUv Xo-cp-am-\n-¨n-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. 21 i-Xam-\w hntZ-i Hm-l-cnbpw Cu Smä C³-sh-kv-äv-saâ v tImÀ]v. I-¼-\n-bv-¡p≠­v. Sm-ä Ip-Spw-_-¯n-se H-cp Hml-cn hn-eþ~160.00 {][m-\ C³-sh-Ìv-saâ v ap-J hn-eþ~10.00 I-¼-\n-bm-WnXv. \n-c-h-[n _p-¡v hm-eypþ~165.42 hy-hkm-b kw-cw-`-§-fn \n-t£-]-ap-Å Cu I-¼sF-kn-sF-kn-sF _m¦v \n-bp-sS {][m\ h-cp-am-\w _m-¦nw-Kv ta-J-e-bn C-´yhy-h-km-b kw-cw-`-§-fn bn-se c-­≠mw-Øm-\-¡mÀ. ap-X ap-S-¡n-bn-«p-Å an-I-¨ h-cp-am-\-¯nepw est \n-t£-]-§-fn \n-¶v e-`ntem¬ h-fÀ-¨-bnepw an-I-¨ ¡p-¶ Un-hn-Uâpw ]-en-iuys {]-hÀ¯-\w Im-gv-N-h-bvbp-amWv. ¡p-¶ C-h-cp-sS In-«m-¡-Sw Hml-cn hn-eþ~ 448.70 1% apX 0.72 iX-am\amWv. ap-J hn-eþ~ 10.00 Hml-cn hn-eþ~860.85 _p-¡v hm-eypþ~298.85 ap-J hn-eþ~ 10.00 _p-¡v hm-eypþ~477.88 kp-hm-cn C³Uv. cm-k-h-f-\nÀ-½m-W ta-J-e-bn anIF´p-sIm≠-­v \nÀ-t±-in-¡p-¶p hpä {]-hÀ¯-\w \-S-¯p-¶ kp-hm-cn ap-I-fn kq-Nn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶ kw-cw-`C³Uv, sI sI _nÀ-f {Kq-¸n-sâ `m§Ä-¡v A-Sp¯ 6 ap-X 12 am-kK-am-Wv. hym-]m-c -cwK-s¯ C-h-cp-sS ¯n-\p-Ån 20þ25 i-X-am-\w h-fÀ¨ ka-bw hf-sc \Ã-XmWv. CâÀ-\m-jssI-h-cn-¡m-\m-Ip-sa-¶m-Wv {]-Xo-£nW s^À«n-sse-kÀ C³-U-kv{Sokv ¡p-¶Xv. A-tkm-kn-tbj-sâ ho-£-W-¯n 2012þ13 tem-I-hym-]-I-am-bn cmk-h-f D-]-t`m-K-¯n aq-¶v i-X-am-\w h-fÀ(taÂ-]d-ª Hml-cnIÄ te-J-I³ hy¨-bp-­≠m-Ip-sa-¶m-Wv I-s­-≠¯Â. àn-]-camtbm I-£n-IÄ-¡p-th≠­ntbm C-Xv kp-hm-cn C³-Un-\v Xp-W-bm-Ipw. ssIh-iwh-¨tXm h-bv¡p-¶tXm B-Imw. C-Xn-sâ A\-´-c ^-e-§-fn te-J-IHml-cn hn-eþ~160.00 t\m, F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f-bvt¡m bm-sXm-cp ap-J hn-eþ~10.00 D-¯-c-hm-Zn-Xzhpw D-­≠m-bn-cn-¡p-¶XÃ.) _p-¡v hm-eypþ~ 414.53

B

24

hn cmtP-{µ³, kn-FwUn, Im]vtÌmIvkv

2012

km¼¯nI hÀj-¯nse BZy-IzmÀ«-dn 45,000 tImSn cq]bpsS hntZi \nt£-]-amWv C´y³ aqe-[\ hn]-Wn-bn-te¡v {]h-ln-¨-Xv. hntZi aqe-[\ \nt£-]-¯nsâ Imcy¯n sdt¡mÀUv t\«-am-Wn-Xv. Cu Hcp {S³Uv XpScpI-bm-sW-¦n- 2012 hntZi aqe-[\\nt£-]-¯n Ncn{X t\«w Xs¶-bmIpw kz´-am-¡pI. CXv Hm-lcn kqNn-I-I-tfbpw kÀÆ-Ime sdt¡mÀUn-te¡v \bn¡pw. ASn-Øm\ kuI-cy-ta-J-e-bpsS hnI-k-\hpw hÀ²n-¨p-h-cp¶ Idâ v F¡u≠v sU^n-knäpw DbÀ¯p¶ shÃp-hn-fn-IÄ t\cn-Sp¶ C´ysb kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw hntZi aqe-[\ \nt£]w At§-bäw {]m[m-\y-aÀln¡p¶p. hntZ-i -aq-e-[\ \n-t£-]s¯ kzmKXw sN¿p¶ Xc-¯n-epÅ \S-]Sn-IÄ¡p ]Icw AXns\ XfÀ¯p¶ \S-]-Sn-I-fmWv tI{µ _P-än-eqsS [\-Imcy a{´n {]W_v apJÀPn sIm≠ph-¶n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. amÀ¨v amkw Ah-km\ ]Ip-Xn-bnse aqe-[\ \n t£-]-¯nsâ hchp Ipd-ªXv Cu \S-]-Sn-IÄ Imc-W-am-sW-¶Xv hyàamWv. CXp t]mse Hmlcn kqNn-I-IfpsS {]I-S-\s¯ _m[n-¡p¶ asämcp {][m\ LS-I-amWv hÀ²n¨p hcp¶ dh\yq I½n. CXv Ipd-¨p-sIm≠p-hcp¶ Imcy-¯nepw _Päv ]cm-P-bs¸«psh¶mWv hnZ-Kv[m-`n-{]mbw. 2010  sam¯w PnUn]nbpsS 64 iX-am\-t¯m-f-am-bn-cp¶p \½psS s]mXp ISw. Ct¸m-gs¯ IW-s¡-Sp-¯m AXv sam¯w PnUn]nbpsS 60% apX 70 iX-am-\-t¯m-f-amhpw. kwØm-\-§fpsS am{X-am-bpÅ ISw IqSm-sX-bpÅ IW-¡m-Wn-Xv. 2011-þ12 se sam¯w dh\yq I½n-bm-Is« 5,22000 tImSnbpw, PnUn]n bpsS 59 iX-am\w hcp-an-Xv. 2,08,000 tImSn-tbmfw hcp¶ ]e-hn[ k_vkn-Un-I-fpw -IqSn Iq«p-t¼mÄ Cu IW-¡p-IÄ AXn`oa-am-Ipw. s]mXp-ta-Je I¼-\n-I-fpsS Hmlcn hn¸-\-b-S-¡-apÅ \S-]-SnI-fn-eqsS dh-\yp- I½n \nI-¯m³ klm-bn-¡psa¶v Icp-Xp-¶p-s≠-¦n Xs¶ cmjv{So-b k½À±-§fm CXv kwibw Xs¶. Hmlcn hn]-Wnsb kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw FkvänänbpsS Imcy-¯n Hcp henb Ipd-hp-X-s¶bmWv {]Xo-£n-¨n-cp-¶-Xv. F¶m sUen-h-dn-sb-Sp-¡p¶ tÌm¡nsâ Imcy-¯n am{Xw hcp¯nb 20 iXam\w Ipd-shm-gn-¨m Cu _Päv At§-bäw \ncm-im-P-\-I-am-bncp¶psh¶p Xs¶ ]d-bmw. Ct¸mgs¯ kml-N-cy-¯n Hmlcn hn]Wn-bnse Hmtcm CS-]m-Sp-ImÀ¡pw \ jvS-¯nsâ IW-¡p-IÄ am{X-amWv ] d-bm-\p-Å-Xv. CXv Hmlcn CS-]m-SpImÀ¡n-S-bn D≠m-¡nb ]cn-{`m´n Ct¸mgpw XpS-cp-I-bp-am-Wv. thmU-t^m¬ SmIvkv {]iv\¯nsâ Imcy-¯n-te-X-S-¡-apÅ kÀ¡mÀ Xocp-am-\-§Ä ho≠pw Xeth-Z\ krjvSn-¡p-¶Xv. kp{]ow tImSXn-bn hsc ]cm-P-b-s¸-«n-«pt]mepw thmU-t^m¬ SmIvknMv {] iv\-¯nepÅ kÀ¡mÀ \ne-]mSv hntZi \nt£-]-IÀ¡n-S-bn henb \ncm-i-bm-Wp≠m-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. AXp-t]m-se-¯s¶bmWv [\-Im-cya{´n sIm≠p-h¶ "KmÀ'(GAAR-General

ASn-Øm\kuIcy taJ-e-bpsS hnI-k-\-a-S-¡-apÅ Imcy-§Ä¡v hntZi aqe-[\w e`y-am-bmte Hcp hnI-knX cmjv{S-sa¶ \nebn C´y-bpsS hfÀ¨ ASp¯ iXm_vZ-¯n km²y-amIq Anti Avoidance Rule)

dqfpw. kÀ¡m-cn\v e`nt¡≠ \nIp-Xn-bpsS Imcy-¯n GXp A´m-cm-jv{S \nb-ahpw AXnew Ln-¡m-sa¶ Cu \ne-]mSv hntZi I¼-\n-Ifpw \nt£-]-Icpw At§bäw Bi-¦-tbm-sS-bmWv t\m¡n ImWp-¶-Xv. "Akn^vam' (ASIFMA-The

Asia Security Industry and Financial Markets Association) AS-¡-apÅ Cu cwKs¯

kwL-S-\-IÄ [\-Imcy a{´n¡v Cu Imcy-¯n X§Ä¡pÅ AXr]vXn tcJm-aqew Xs¶ [cn-¸n¨p Ign-ªp. Nne hntZi \nt£] I¼-\n-IÄ Ct¸mÄ Xs¶ X§-fpsS C´ym ¹m\p-IÄ ac-hn-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. tImÄ C´ym tImÀ¸-tdäv KthWnMv {]iv\-amWv asämcp Zqjyw. ssat\m-dnän sjbÀ tlmÄtU-gvkn-sâ Xm¸-cy-§sf am\n-¡p-¶n-sÃ-¶pÅ bp.sI BØm-\-am-bpÅ slUvPv ^≠nMv I¼-\n-bmb Sn.-kn.sF bpsS ]cmXn A´m-cm-jv{S-X-e-¯n hfsc Kuc-h-t¯m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv {i²n¡-s¸«n-«p-Å-Xv. Kh¬saânsâ \b-]-c-amb ]e Xocp-am-\-§fpw I¼-\n-bpsS em`£a-Xsb CÃm-Xm-¡p-sa¶pw Cu Imcy-¯n sNdp-InS \nt£] IÀ¡pÅ Bi-¦-Isf I¼\n ]cn-KWn-¡p-¶nà F¶p-amWv tImÄ C´ybn Hmlcn ]¦m-fn-I-fmb SnknsF bpsS ]cm-Xn. adp-h-i¯v hntZi \nt£-]-IÀ tImSn¡W-¡n\v tUmfÀ C´y-t]mepÅ hf-cp¶ amÀ¡-äp-I-fn \n t£-]n-¡m³ Gsd XmÂ]-cy-sa-Sp¡p¶p F¶p-Å-XmWv hkvXp-X. Ch-cpsS ssIbn-em-hs« \nt£-]-tbmKy-amb ^≠nsâ B[n-Iy-ap-≠pXm-\pw. Ign-ª- aq¶pamk-¯n-\p-Ån Ct§m-s«m-gp-Inb 9 _nÃy¬ bp.Fkv tUmf-dnsâ \nt£]w CXnsâ hfsc sNdnsbmcwiw am{X-am-Ws{X. kpc£nX \nt£] kml-N-cy-sam-cp-¡-n bm C\n-bp-sa-{Xtbm A[nIw tImSn tUmfÀ C´ybn-te-s¡m-gp-In-tb-¡pw. \nÀ`m-Ky-sa¶p ]d-bs« dos«bv cwKs¯ hntZi \nt£]w, dbnÂth a{´n-bpsS cmPn (H³]Xp hÀj-¯n\p-tijw bm{Xm-Iq-enbn hcp-¯nb \ymb-amb Hcp hÀ²-\-bpsS t]cnÂ) "KmÀ' dqÄ, dnt{Sm-kvs]-IvSohv SmIvtkj³, 2 Pn ssek³kv d±m-¡Â AS¡-apÅ {]iv\-§Ä hen-sbmcp Icn\n g Xs¶-bmWv C´y³ aqe-[\ hn]Wn¡p-ta hogv¯nbn-cn-¡p¶-Xv. ASn-Øm\ kuIcy taJ-e-bpsS hnI-k-\-a-S-¡-apÅ Imcy-§Ä¡v h³ hntZi aqe-[\w Cu kml-N-cy-¯n e`y-am-bm am{Xta Hcp hnI-knX cmjv{S-sa¶ \ne-bnepw Hcp "kq¸À]hÀ' F¶ \ne-bn-ep-apÅ C´y-bpsS hfÀ¨ ASp¯ Hcp iXm_vZ-¯n km[y-am-hp-I-bp-Åp. AsÃ-¦n ASp¯-nsS knF³-_nkn- Snhn 18 sâ kwhm-Z-¯n kZvKpcp P¤n hmkptZhv C³t^m-knkv sNbÀam³ Ima¯n-t\mSv ]d-ªXp t]mse Imep-I-fnÃmsX au≠v Fh-dÌv Iog-S-¡m-sa¶ tamlw t]mse-bm-hp-a-Xv. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


sUdn-th-än-hv amÀ¡-änÂ

Icp-Xn-bn-d-§pI 25,000 cq] apX 1.5 e£w cq]sb¦nepw amÀPn-³ aWnHmtcm CS-]m-Sn\pw amän-sh-¡m³ km[n-¡m-¯-hÀ sUdnth-änhv hn]-Wn-bn \n¶v hn«p-\n¡p-¶-XmWv \Ã-Xv

sabv 22, 2006 \mWv kw`-hw.

sIm¨n-bn \à \ne-bn {]m Iväokv sNbvXncp¶ ap¸-Xp-Im-cmb c≠­v tUmIvSÀam-cmbn-cp¶p {io[-dpw kÚohv IpamÀ Pn, Acp-Wpw. l_o_v CM CFP F¶ anSp-¡-\m b t{SUnMv k_v t{_m¡-dpsS a\wab-¡p¶ hmKvZm-\-§fn hniz-kn¨v kz´-am-bp-­≠m-bn-cp¶ \mev e£w cq]bpw 15 iX-am\w ] en-ibv¡v hmbv]-sb-Sp¯ Bdv e£w cq]bpaS¡w 10 e£w cq] \nt£-]n¨v ^yqt¨gvkv t{SUnwKn\v XpS¡w Ipdn¨p. 10 e£w cq] apXÂap-S-¡nbm 50 e£w hsc t{SUnwKv \S-¯m³ km[n¡p-sa¶pw AXp hgn h³ em`ap­≠m-¡msa-¶p-ff {]Xo-£bpw sIm­≠mWv AhÀ \mj-W tÌmIv FIvkvtN-©n enÌv sNbvXn-«p-ff kvtämIvv ^yqt¨-gvkn \n t£]w \S-¯n-b-Xv. F¶m A©v aS§v Cc-«n- aq-ey-apff tÌm¡p-IÄ hym]mcw sN¿m-sa-¶pff km[y-X-bv¡n-S-bn \jvSw h¶m AXpw \nt£-]- Xp-I-bpsS A©n-c«n hsctbm AXn-e-[n-Itam BIm-sa¶ bmYmÀ°yw a\-kn-em-¡m³ AhÀ hn«pt]m-bn. ^etam XpSÀ¶p-­≠mb Znh-k-§fn \n^vän kqNnI 554 t]mbntâmfw CSn-ª-Xnsâ BLm-X-¯n Ah-cpsS kz´w k¼m-Zy-amb \mev e£w cq]bpw hmbv]-sb-Sp¯ Bdv e£-hp-a-S¡w 10 e£hpw \jvS-am-bn. am{X-a-Ã, hyàn-KX hmbv], 2009 hsc ]en-ib-S¡w {]Xn-amkw 20800 cq]- CFwsF AS-t¡≠-­nbpw h¶p AhÀ¡v. X§Ä¡v kz´-am-bp≠-­mbn-cp¶ \mev e£w cq] am{Xw _p²n ]qÀhw Hcp tÌmIv amÀ¡äv hnZ-Kv[sâ D]-tZit¯msS Hml-cn-I-fn \nt£-]n¨n-cp-s¶-¦n B aq¶v Znh-ks¯ XIÀ¨bv¡v tijw ]e {]mh-iy-ap-≠ ­ mb amÀ¡äv t\«-§-fn ]¦m-fn-I-fm-Im\pw AXp-hgn F{Xtbm aS§v A[n-I- XpI k¼m-Zn-¡m\pw AhÀ¡v km[n-t¨-s\. FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

CXv sIm¨n-¡m-cmb sUdn-thänhv t{SUnw-Kn-\n-d-§nb c≠­v t]cpsS IY-bm--sW-¦n temIs¯ sR«n¨ B "Idp¯ Xn¦-fm-gvNtbm'? »mIv a¬tU F¶v hnti-jn-¸n-¡-s¸Sp¶ 1987 HIvtäm-_À 19 Xn¦-fm-gvN. Uu tPm¬kv C³U-kv{Sn-b Bh-tdPv A¶v hoWXv 508 t]mbnânsâ XmgvNbn-te-¡m-Wv. Ncn-{X-¯n Hcp knwKnÄ tU t{SUnw-Kn D­≠mb Gähpw henb hogvN. t]mÀSvt^m-fntbm C³jp-d³kv tamU-ep-I-fnÂta \S-¯nb h³ ssU\m-anIv slUvPnMv s{S³UmWv Cu XIÀ¨bv¡v Imc-W-am-b-sX¶v ]n¶oSv {_mUn I½o-j³ Is≠­-¯p-I-bp≠-­m-bn. Idp¯ B Xn¦-fm-gvNbv¡ptijw F«phÀjw Ignªv 1995 P\p-hcn 23. P¸m-\n-ep≠-­mb `qI¼w \ns¡bv (Nikkei) 225 Hml-cn- kqNn-I-sb Ip¯\ CSn¨p Xmgv¯n. H¸w {_n«-\nse Gähpw ]gb Xpw {]apJ _m¦p-I-fn-ep-sam-¶p-amb _mdn-Mvknsâ XIÀ¨-bpsS XpS-¡hpw. Fen-k-_¯v cmÚn-bpsS hsc k¼mZyw \nt£-]-n¨n-cp¶ _m¦m-bncp¶p _mdn-Mvkv. \ns¡bv 224sâ ] X\w _mdnMvkv ^yqt¨-gvkn-sâbpw AXphgn _m¦nsâ Xncn-¨-Shv tijn-bpsSbpw XIÀ¨ ]qÀW-am-¡n. HSp-hn B hÀjw amÀ¨v aq¶n\v U¨v _m¦mb sFF³Pn tIhew Hcp ]u­≠n\v _mdnMvkns\ kz´-am-¡n. C§s\ henb coXn-bn-ep-ff Kth-j-Whpw hni-I-e-\hpw _nÃy¬ tUmfÀ tiJ-c-hp-sa-Ãm-ambn sUdn-th-änhv amÀ¡-än-en-d§n XIÀ¶ _lp-cmjv{S I¼-\n-I-fpsS F®-aä DZml-c-W-§Ä¡n-S-bn \½psS AcpWpw {io[dpw F{Xtbm sNdn-b-hÀ.apI-fn ] dª DZm-l-c-W-§Ä Nq­≠n-¡m-Wn-¡p¶Xv sUdn-th-änhv amÀ¡-än-en-d-§p-¶-hÀ hfsc {i²m-ep-¡-fm-IWw F¶-Xm-Wv. Hmtcm tIm¬{Sm-Ivän\pw th≠­n Npcp-§nbXv 25,000-¯n\pw 1.5 e£-¯n-\p-an-S-bn amÀPn³ aWn Dd-¸m-¡m³ \n§Ä¡v Ignbp-¶nsÃ-¦n sUdn-th-änhv t{SUnwKn \n¶v ]qÀW-ambpw hn«p-\n¡p-¶-XmWv \Ã-Xv. AXpt]mse hfsc k¦oÀWamb sUdn-th-änhv CS-]m-Sp-Isf Ipdn¨v hyà-amb Adnhpw ]cn-N-b-hp-an-ÃmsX

tIm¬{Sm-Iväp-IÄ FSp-¡p-¶Xpw A]-I-S-am-Wv. Npcp¡-¯n sUdn-th-änhv hn]Wn Hcp I¯n-t]m-se-bmWv, AXpsIm≠­vtI¡v apdn-¡p-I-bp-am-Imw, Hcmsf apdnth¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿mw. F´mWv sUdn-th-änhvkv? sUdn-th-än-hvknsâ aqeyw \nÀW-bn-¡p-¶Xv AXv {] Xn-\n-[m\w sN¿p¶ BkvXn-bpsS aqey-¯nsâ ASnØm-\-¯nepw `mhn-bn D­≠m-¡m-hp¶ aqey-hÀ[-\hns\ Ipdn-¨p-ff {]Xo-£-I-fpsS ASn-Øm-\-¯n-ep-amWv. `mhn-bn C{X \nÝnX aqey-hÀ[-\-hp-­≠m-Ip-sa¶ {]Xo-£-bn Hcp \nÝnX tem«v Hml-cn-I-fn-tem, ItamUn-än-bntem \S-¯p¶ \nt£-]-amWv sUdn-th-änhvkv CS-]m-Sv. `mhn-bn \n§-fp-t±-in-¡p¶ ka-b-]-cn-[n-¡p-ffn B tem«v Hml-cn-I-fp-sStbm Itam-Un-än-bp-sStbm aqeyw hÀ[n-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n \n§Ä¡v em`hpw Asæn \jvShpw kw`-hn-¡pw.

AhmÀUv

s_Ìv FaÀPnMv sImtam-Unän t{_m¡À hn`mK-¯n-\pÅ »qw _ÀKv bpSnhn ^n\m³jy eoUÀjn¸v AhmÀUv 2012 \v AÀl-cmb \nÀa _mwKn\pÅ ]pc-kvImcw tI{µ [\a{´n {]W_v apJÀPn \ÂIp¶p. \nÀa Sow AwK-§-fmb dnkÀ¨v slUv Ip\ jm, ko\n-bÀ sshkv{]kn-Uâ v cmtIjv _µm-cn, sshkv sNbÀam³ B³Uv amt\PnMv Ub-d-IvSÀam-cmb Zneo]v _mwKv, IntjmÀ _mwKv, \mj-W skbnÂkv slUv kbvZv ^cmkv Aen (C-S-¯v \n¶pw he-t¯m«v) XpS-§n-b-hÀ AhmÀUv Gäp-hm-§p¶p.

25


C³jp-d³kv

Ip-cp-¶p-IÄ-¡mbn H-cp I-cp-Xn-hbv¸v Ip-«nI-fpsS `m-hn kz-]v-\-§fpw A-`n-em-j-§fpw km-£m-Xv¡-cn-¡m³ \o-≠ ­ Ime-s¯ kpc-£, C-Xn-\n-S-bn kz´w Im-en-S-dn-bmepw Ip-«n-I-fp-sS `m-hn kp-c-£n-X-amh-s« F-¶ Nn-´, ]T-\ Nnehp-IÄ hÀ-²n-¨p-h-cp-¶ Im-e-L-«-¯n km-¼¯n-Iam-bn H-cp I-cp-Xn-sh¡Â...C-sXm-s¡-bm- Wv NnÂ-{U³-kv ¹m-\pIsf¡p-dn-¨v Nn-´n-¡m³ FÃm-h-scbpw t{]-cn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xv

cm

Pys¯ P\§fpsS hcpam\¯n hÀ²\h\p`hs¸«p XpS§nbtXmsS C³jpd³kv ]²XnIfn ]Ww apS¡m³ km[n¡psa¶ \nebnembn. AtXmsSm¸w hnZym`ymk¨nehn Imcyamb hÀ²\ A\p`h s¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. Ip«n ]nd¶ DSs\ C³jpd³kv ]²Xnbn tNcpIbmsW¦n {]Xnamkw sNdnsbmcp XpI am{Xw AS¨mepw hnZym`ymk¯n\v kabamIpt¼mÄ AsXmcp h³XpIbmbn hfcpw. BZmb¯n\p ]pdsa kwc£Whpw e`n¡p¶p F¶XmWv C³jpd³kv ]²XnIfn \nt£]n¡p¶Xp sIm­ ≠pÅ {]tbm-P\w. A\p-tbm-Pyam-b ¹m³ Xnc-sª-Sp¡mw FÃm-hÀ¡pw ]-¦p-tN-cm-\pw \nt£-]n-¡m\pw I-gn-bp-¶ hn-[-¯n-ep-Å C³-jp-d³-kv ¹m-\p-Ifm-Wv \-½p-sS cm-Py¯p-Å-Xv. Ip-«n-IÄ-¡v th≠-­n am-Xm-]nXm-¡-fp-sS t]-cn tNcm-hp-¶ ]-²-Xn-I-fm-Wv NnÂ-{U³-kv ¹m-\p-I-fn-e[n-I-hpw. Cu ]-²-Xn-bn tN-cp-¶ c-£n-Xm-¡-fn B-À-s¡-¦nepw A-Xym-ln-Xw kw-`-hn-¨m t\m-an-\n-bm-bn a-säm-cm-sf \n-Ý-bn-¡m-\p-Å kw-hn-[m-\hpw D≠­v. B t\m-an\n-bv-¡v t]m-fn-kn XS-kw Iq-Sm-sX sIm­≠p-t]m-Im\pw km-[n-¡pw. t]mfn-kn- Xn-c-sª-Sp-¡p-t¼mÄ C-¡mcy-§Ä \n-Ý-b-ambpw A-t\z-jn-¨n-cn¡Ww. A-§s\ \-½p-sS B-hiyw km-[q-I-cn-¡-¯-¡-Xmh-Ww \-½Ä Xncsª-Sp-¡p-¶ ¹m³. F sF kn Po-h³ A-¦qÀ C³-jp-d³-kv ta-Je-bn hn-iz-ky-X-bmÀPn-¨ s]m-Xp-taJ-em Øm-]-\amb FÂsFkn Ip-«n-I-fp-sS hn-Zym-`ym-k B-\p-Iq-ey-§Ä D-d-¸m¡m³ A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨ ]pXnb t]m-fn-knI-fn H-¶m-Wv Po-h³ A-¦qÀ. 17 h-b-kn-\v Xm-sg-bp-Å hn-ZymÀ-°nI-fp-sS am-Xm-]n-Xm-¡Ä-¡v Ip-«n-I-fp-sS hn-Zym-`ym-k Nn-e-hp-IÄ D-d-¸p-h-cp-¯m\m-bn F-Sp-¡m-hp-¶ G-ähpw \à t]m -fn-kn-bm-WnXv. hn-Zym-`ym-k B-hiyw \nd-th-äp-¶ Hcp- t]m-fn-kn F-¶-Xn-ep]-cn

Q&A

? Rm³ Hcp hnZymÀ°n-bm-Wv, A½ ho«½bpw. 10,000 cq]-bpsS \nt£]w sse^v C³jp-d³kn A½ \S-¯n-bn«p-≠­­v. Cubn-S-bv¡mWv Hcp FÂsFkn GPâ v Poh³ B\-µn-s\-¡p-dn¨v ] d-ª-Xv. Fs´Ãmw em`-§-fmWv Poh³ B\-µn DÅ-Xv. CXv F{X-t¯mfw ^e-{]-Z-amWv? \njm´v sI, I®qÀ ka{K sse^v C³jp-d³kv ¹m\pw F³tUm-hvsaâpw IqSn tNÀ¶-XmWv FÂsFkn Poh³ B\-µv. kw AtjzÀUv XpI t_mW-tkmSv IqSn t]m fnkn Imem-h-[n-bm-Ip¶ ka-b¯pw AUo-j-W kw A-tjzÀUv XpI D]-t`m-àm-hnsâ ac-W-¯n\v tijhpw e`n-¡p¶ t]mfn-kn-bm-Wn-Xv. IpSpw_ \mY³am-cpsS bmZr-Ýn-I- a-c-W-¯n-\ptijw A\m-Y-cmbn t]mIp¶ IpSpw-_§Ä¡v ]cn-c£ Dd-¸m-¡m³ e£y-an-«pff t]mfn-kn-bm-WnXv.- F¶m \n §sf kw_-Ôn-¨nSt¯mfw Hcp C³jp-d³kv ¹m³ FSp-¡p-¶-Xnepw

26

c-£n-Xm-hn-sâ Po-hn-X-¯n-se A-]-I-Skm-[y-X-Iq-Sn G-sä-Sp-¡p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w \m-a-\nÀ-t±-iw sN-bv-Xn-«p-Å Ip-«n-sb t]m-fn-kn A-h-Im-in-bm-bn \n-Ý-bn-¡pIbpw sN-¿p¶p. t]m-fn-kn I-em-h-[n-¡p-Ån ac-Ww kw-`-hn-¡p-I-bm-sW-¦n DS-s\ X-s¶ t]m-fn-kn Xp-I \Â-Ip-Ibpw sN-¿pw. IqSm-sX, t]m-fn-kn-bp-sS hmÀ-jn-I- Xob-Xn ap-X Im-emh-[n Xo-cp¶-Xv hsc Hmtcm hÀ-jhpw A-SnØm\ t]m-fn-kn Xp-Ibp-sS 10 i-X-am-\w A-h-Im-in-IÄ-¡v \Â-Ip-¶p-sh-¶Xpw Po-h³ A-¦q-dn-sâ {][m-\ k-hn-ti-j-X-bmWv. Iq-Sm-sX t]m-fn-kn Im-em-h-[n-bv-¡v D-¶-X hn-Zym`ym-k¯nt\m a-äv Im-cy-§Ä-¡pamtbm sam-¯w Xp-I-bm-bn A-SnØm\ t]mfn-kn Xp-Ibpw em-`-hn-ln-Xhpw Iq-Sn \Â-Ip¶p. ]-Xn-s\-«n\pw A³]-Xv h-b-kn\pw C-S-bn-ep-Å am-Xm-]n-Xm-¡Ä-¡v Cu ]-²-Xn-bn tN-cmw. B-Iv-knUâ v s_-\n-^n-äv ssd-UÀ A]-I-S ac-Ww kw-`-hn¡p-¶-bm-fp-sS A-h-Im-in-IÄ¡p-am-{Xsa B-Iv-knUâ v s_-\n-^n-äv ssd-UÀ B\p-Iqeyw e-`n-¡p-I-bpÅp. CXn-\mbn apS-¡w Iq-Sm-sX {]o-anbw A-S-¨ncn-¡Ww. t]m-fn-kn-bp-sS ASnØm\ Xp-I IW-¡m¡n Ip-d-ª-Xv 25,000 cq-]bpw Iq-Sn-b-Xv 50 e-£hpambmWv B-Iv-knUâ v s_-\n-^n-äv ssd-UÀ \n-Ý-bn-¨n-«p-ÅXv. 70 h-b-kphsc Cu B-\p-Iqeyw e-`y-am-Ipw. {In-«n-¡Â CÂ\-kv ssd-UÀ Xo-{h-K-W-¯n s]-« Nn-e A-kp-J-§Ä ]nSn-s]-Sp-¶ A-h-k-c-¯n- {In-«n-¡Â CÂ\-kv ssdUÀ B-\p-Iqeyw e-`n-¡pw. B-IvknUâ v s_-\n-^n-äv ssd-UÀ I-W-¡m¡p-¶Xp-t]m-se t_-kn-Iv XpI-sb A-Sn-Øm-\-am¡n Ip-d-ª-Xv 50,000 cq-] bpw Iq-Snb-Xv 5 e-£-hp-am-Wv ]-cn[n. Adp-]-Xp-h-b-kn-\v ap-t¼m ]nt¼m sa-t¨zUv B-Ip¶ t]m-fn-kn-bnte¡mWv Cu B-\p-Iqeyw e-`y-am-Ip-I.

a-äv Ä n-kn-I t]m-f Po-h³ A-¦q-dn-s\ Iq-SmsX Po-h³ A-\p-cmKv, tIm-aÄ Poh³, Po-h³ Om-b, Po-h³ In-tjmÀ, sNÂ-Uv ^yq-¨À ¹m³ F-¶n§-s\ F-t«m-fw ¹m-\p-IÄ FÂsFkn-bv-¡p­≠v. A`n-Imayw Hcp \à C³hÌvsaâ v ]²Xn sXc-sª-Sp-¡p-¶-XmWv. ? F\n¡v 24 hb-Êp≠v. Fsâ kwibw Rm³ Hcp km[m-cW sl¯v C³jpd³kv ]²Xn FSp-¡tWm AtXm tSw ¹m³ FSp-¡tWm F¶-XmWv? Nne I¼-\n-Ifn hÀjw 50,000 cq] AS¡p-¶Xv hgn, 30 hÀj-§Ä¡p-tijw 65 e£w cq] dnt«Wpw 12.5 e£w ] cn-cc£bpw hmKvZm\w sN¿p¶p. Hcp km[m-cW sl¯v C³jp-d³kv FSp-¡p-¶-XmtWm tSw ¹m\n-§mtWm IqSp-X ^e-{]Zw? dq_n³ amXyp, sImÃw sl¯v C³jp-d³kv ]²-Xn¡pw tSw sse^v C³jp-d³kv ]²-Xn¡pw c≠­vhyXykvX Dt±-i-§-fm-Wp-f-f-Xv. XnI¨pw hyXy-kvX-§-fm-b-Xn-\m Ahsb Xmc-Xayw sN¿m³ km[n-¡nÃ. \n§-fpsS Bh-iy-¯n-\-\p-k-cn¨v C³jp-d³kv FSp-¡p-¶-Xm-bn-cn¡pw \Ã-Xv. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


dos«bv & amÀ¡-änwKv

A-´m-cm-jv-{S amt\-Pvsa â v I¬-kÄ-«n-Mv Øm-]\-amb F Sn tIÀW­-n- bpsS (A T Kearney) dn-t¸mÀ-«-\p-k-cn-¨v C-t¸mÄ te-mI-¯n do-s«-bv \n-t£-]-¯n\v G-ähpw D-Nn-Xam-b cm-Pyw C-´y-bm-Wv. cm-Py-s¯ kw-LSn-X hn]-Wn-bn C-t¸mÄ 350 _n-ey¬ bpF-kv tUmf-dn-sâ h³ hy-h-km-bam-Wv \-S-¡p-¶-Xv

dos«-bv cwK¯v

C\n sXm-gn hk´w

Sn ]n {]im´v

hcpw hÀ-j-§-fn C´y³ dos«-bv cw-Kw h³h-fÀ-¨-bm-Wv t\-Sm³ t]m-Ip-¶Xv. cm-Py-s¯ B-sI

I-¨-h-S-¯n dos«-bv sN-bn-\p-I-fp-sS ]-¦v 5þ7 i-Xam-\t-- ¯mfw hcpw. _m-¡n 95þ93 i-X-am-\hpw ]-c-¼cmK-X, ]-e-Nc-¡v, ]-¨¡-dn, tÌ-j\-dn I-S-I-fp-sS I-¿n-epw. Cu A-´cw Xs¶-bm-Wv h³In-S do-s«-bv-ensâ km-[y-X-bpw. A-´m-cm-jv-{S amt\-Pvsaâ v I¬kÄ-«n-Mv Øm-]-\-amb F Sn tI­-À- Wn-bpsS dn-t¸mÀ-«\p-k-cn-¨v te-mI-¯n do-s«bv- \n-t£-]-¯n-\v Gähpw D-Nn-Xam-b cm-Pyw C-´y-bm-Wv. cm-Py-s¯ kwLSn-X hn-]-Wn-bn C-t¸mÄ 350 _n-ey¬ bpF-kv tUm-f-dn-sâ h³ hy-h-km-b-am-Wv \-S-¡p-¶-Xv. Pn-Un-]n h-cp-am-\-¯n- 10 i-X-am-\w dos«-bv ta-J-ebp-sS kw-`m-h-\bmWv. 2018 Hm-sS 650 _nÃy¬ tUm-fdn-sâ hy-h-km-b-am-bn C-Xv h-f-cpw. bp-hm-¡Ä Iq-Sp-X-ep-Å P-\-kw-Jym L-S-\bpw ]-«-W-hm-kn-I-fp-sS G-dn h-cp-¶ h-cp-am-\-hpw AXns\m-¯v am-dp-¶ Po-hn-X-ssi-en-bpw do-s«-bven-\v A-\pIq-eam-b km-l-N-cyw C-´y-bn hf-sc th-Kw krãn-¡p-¶-Xmbpw dn-t¸mÀ-«v hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. 2018Hm-sS 650 _nÃy¬ tUm-f-dn-sâ hy-h-km-b-am-bn dos«-bv cw-Kw am-dp-¶-tXm-sS dn-b F-kv-tä-äv _n-kn-\-kp-ImÀ¡pw C-Xv h³ km-[y-X-bm-Wv H-cp-¡p-¶Xv. dos«-bv sN-bn-\p-IÄ-¡v {]-Xn-hÀ-jw H-cp e-£w ]pXnb sXmgnepIÄ kr-ãn-¡p-¶-Xmbpw ]T-\w hn-e-bn-cp-¯p-¶p. C-´y³ do-s«-bn cwK-¯v \n-e-hn 22 _n-Ãy¬ B-fp-I-fm-Wv sXm-gn-se-Sp-¡p-¶-Xv. 2015 B-Ip-t¼mÄ Cu taJ-e-bn A-Snap-Sn am-ä-ap≠-­-m-hp-I-bpw 8 ap-X 10 _n-Ãy¬ h-sc-bp-Å sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä A-[n-Iw kr-ãn-¡-s¸-Sp-sa-¶p-am-Wv ]T-\-§Ä Nq≠n-Im-Wn-¡p¶Xv. ImÀjn-I ta-J-e I-gn-ªm C-´y-bn G-

War ...

h-cp-¶p

CoffeeA

-ta-cn-¡³ tIm^n I-¼-\nbmb ÌmÀ _-Iv-kv, Sm-ä t¥m-_ _o-htdPkp-am-bn tNÀ-¶v cm-Py-¯n-sâ hnhn-[ `m-K-§-fn tIm^n I-t^-IÄ Øm-]n-¡¶p. 400 tIm-Sn- cq]bm-Wv C-Xn\mbn h-I-bn-cp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv. _mw-¥qÀ B-Øm-\amb I-t^ tIm-^n tUbpw C-äm-en-b³ I-¼-\nbm-b em-hmk (ap³ _-cnkvX {_m

FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

ähpa[nIw sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶ cw-K-am-bn dos«-bv amdn. F-¶m hf-sc ssh-In am-{X-amWv Cu ta-J-ebn-se sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§-sf-¡p-dn-¨v a-e-bm-fn-IÄ t_m[-hm³-am-cm-bXv. C-¶v a-e-bm-fn-IÄ dos«-bv ta-Jesb Hu-tZym-Kn-Iam-b H-cp Po-hn-X-am-bn I­-≠p-sIm≠v k-ao-]n-¡m³ Xp-S-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶-Xm-bn dn-eb³-kv dos«-bn Hm-¸-td-j³-kv tÌ-äv sl-Uv tPm-Wn Np¦-¯v F-aÀ-Pn-§v tIc-f-tbm-Sv ]d-ªp. \n-ch-[n dos«-bv C³-kv-änäyq-«p-I-fm-Wv kao-] Im-e-¯v tI-c-f-¯n Øm]n-¡-s¸«Xv. dos«bv hy-h-km-bn-I-fp-sS kw-L-S-\bm-b do-s«-bvte-gv-kv A-tkm-kn-tbj³ Hm-^v C´y (dmbv) t\-cn-«pX-s¶ Cu ta-J-e-bn I-S-¶p-hcm³ Xm-¸-cy-ap-Å-hÀ-¡v A\p-tbm-Pyamb tIm-gvkp-IÄ \S-¯p-¶p. A-SnØm-\ hn-Zym-`ymkw am-{Xam-Wv dos«-bv cwK-s¯ tIm-gv-kp-I-fp-sS tbmKy-X F-¶-Xn-\m Cu ta-J-ebn-se sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä GXv X-c-¡mÀ¡pw B-IÀj-I-am-¡p-¶p. dos«-bv cwK-s¯ sk-bnÂkv, Hm-¸-tdj³, am-t\-Pv-saâ v F-¶o {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-sf-¡pdn-¨p-Å-Xm-Wv do-s«-bn C³-Ìn-äyq-«p-I-fn-se kn-e-_kv. {l-kzIme tIm-gv-kp-Ifm-Wv C-h-bn-e-[n-I-hpw. dos«-bv cw-K-s¯-¡pdn-¨p-Å _m-e-]mT-§-fm-Wv dos«-bv sk-bnÂ-kv

]T-\-¯n h-cp-¶Xv. tjm-¸n-se-¯p-¶-h-tcm-Sv s]-cpam-td≠ co-Xn, I-½yq-Wn-t¡-j³ kv-InÂ, _n-kn\-kv h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v A\p-tbm-Pyam-b ti-jn ssI-h-cn¡Â, B-ß-hn-izmkt¯m-sS s]-cp-am-dm-\p-Å ]-cn-ioe-\w F-¶n-h-bm-Wv dos«-bv sk-bnÂ-kv ]T-\-¯n D-ÅXv. do-s«-bn hym-]m-cs¯ kw-_-Ôn-¨v s]m-Xphm-b [m-c-W \Â-Im\pw s{S³-Up-IÄ a-\-kn-em-¡m-\psaÃmw {]m-]v-X-cm-¡p-I F-¶-XmWv dos«-bn Hm-¸td-j³-kv sIm≠­-v - D-t±-in-¡p-¶-Xv. C¯-cw dos«-bv tIm-gv-kp-IÄ-¡v sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS {]-hÀ-¯-\£-aXbpw Im-cy-ti-jnbpw hÀ-²n-¸n-¡m³ {]-m]vX-am-sW¶-Xm-Wv {][m-\ {]-tXy-I-X.

³Uv) bp-am-Wv C-h-cp-sS F-Xn-cm-fnIÄ. C-tXmsS C-´y³ hn-]-Wn-bn i-àamb tIm-^n bp-²-¯n-\v I-f-samcp-§n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Sm-ä-bp-sS So {_m³Um-b Xm-tkm-bpw I-t^-IÄ h-gn hn-]W-\w sN-¿pw. 50 I-t^-I-fmWv B-Zy-L-«-¯n hcp¶Xv. Hm-K-kv-ävþsk-]v-äw-_À am-k-¯n B-Zy tjm-¸v Xp-d-¡m-\m-Wv ÌmÀ _-IvkvþSm-ä ]-²-Xn. CXv t\cn-Sm³ cm-Pys¯ G-ähpw henb tIm-^n hn]-W-\ irw-J-ebm-b I-t^ tIm-^n sU 2014 \p-Ån 2000 Hu-«v-se-äp-IÄ Xp-d-¡m\pÅ {ia-¯n-emWv. 58 cm-Py§-fn-em-bn 17,000 ¯n-e-[n-Iw tjm-¸pI-fm-Wv ÌmÀ _-Iv-kn-\p-≠ ­ v. tIm-^n I-¼-\n-I-fp-sS aÕ-cw \n-ch-[n sXmgn Ah-k-c-§Ä krjvSn-¡pw.

27


Hmt«msam-_oÂ

C-\n Petrol Engine Mileage: 16.02 Km/ltr. 1373 CC K Series engine withVVT 4 Cylinders 16 valves MPFI R 6.13-7.55 lakhs

Diesel Engine Mileage: 20.77 Km/ltr. 1248 CC DDiS 4 Cylinders 16 valves CRDI

w K p b

R 7.30-8.7 lakhs

{]tim`v sI ]n

P\-ln-X-a-dn-ªp s]-cp-amdm³ ]-t­≠ am-cp-Xn-¡-dnbmw A-XpsIm-≠ ­ m-W-tÃm C-¶pw A-hÀ \n-c-¯p-IÄ Io-g-S-¡p-¶-Xv. km-[m-c-W-¡m-c-sâ hm-l-\ tam-l-§Ä¡v Xm-§pw X-W-ep-am-bn \n-¶ am-cp-Xn A-h-cp-sS kz-]v\-§Ä-¡p ]pXn-b cq-]-`m-h-t`Z-§Ä \Â-Im-\m-bn AhXm-c ]n-d-hn-sb-Sp-¯p-¡-gn-ªn-cn-¡p¶p. Fw.]n.hn. (aÄ-«n ]À¸-kv sh-ln¡Ä) t{i-Wnbn Xn-f-§p-¶N-{I-hÀ-¯n-amÀ-¡n-Sn-bn-te-¡v am-cp-Xn-bp-sS `m-jbn ]-dªm³ H-cp FÂ.-bp.hn.(sse-^v bq-«n-en-än sh-ln¡Ä) C-d-¡n-bm-Wv AhÀ I-cp-¯v sX-fn-bn-¡p-¶Xv. 2010se UÂ-ln Hmt«m F-Iv-kv-t]m-bn A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨ BÀ {Xo F-¶ tIm¬-k¸-äv, am-cp-Xn FÀ«n-K F-¶ t]cn bm-YmÀ-°y-am-¡n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bmWv. C-\n amcp-Xn kp-kp-¡n FÀ«n-K bp-Kw... I-gn-ª \m-ep-hÀj-ambn Fw.-]n.-hn-IÄ-¡v C-´ybn 15 i-X-am-\w

h-fÀ-¨m \n-c-¡p-≠ ­ v. km-[y-X-IÄ G-sdbpÅ C-u ta-J-e-bn-te¡m-Wv FÀ«n-K tlmWpw apg-¡n h-cp-¶Xv. FÂ.-bp. hn. ¢m-kn-^n-t¡-j\n C-d-§p-¶ FÀ«n-K kzn-^v-än-s³v-d ¹m-ä-vt^m-an-em-Wv \nÀ-½n-¨n-cn¡p-¶-Xv. H-cp tImw-]m-Iv-äv Fw.bp.hn-¡p B-h-iyam-b hn-[-¯n-em-Wv FÀ-«nK-sb cq-]-s]-Sp-¯n-bn-«p-ÅXv. 4265 Fw-Fw \o-f-ap-Å FÀ«n-Kbv¡v Sm-ä Bcy, a-lo{µ ssk-tem, sSm-tbm-« C-t¶m-h F-¶n-h-tb¡mÄ AÂ-]w \ofw Ip-d-hm-Wv. k-zn-^v-än-t\¡mÄ 155 FwFw D-b-c-¡q-Sp-X-epw (1685FwFw) 310 Fw-Fw ho t_-kp-am-Wv FÀ-«n-K-bv-¡p-Å-Xv. hen-b F-bÀ-Um-apw t^m-Kv emw-]v G-cn-b-bpw ho-Xn-bp-Å _w-_dpw FÀ«nK-sb F-Xn-cm-fn-I-tfm-Sp In-S-]n-Sn-¡p-¶ co-Xn-bn-epÅ Kmw-`o-cyw \Â-Ip¶p. 15 C-©v ho-ep-I-fp-w I-\-¯ ho BÀ-¨p-I-fp-amWv h-i-§-fp-sS k-hn-ti-j-X. dq-^n-sâ Xp-SÀ-¨-sb-t¶m-W-ap-Å kv-t]m-bveÀ, kv-täm¸v emw]v, sSbn emw-]v FÀ«n-K _mUv-Pn-§v F¶n-h ]n³-`m-K-t¯ tam-Sn-¡q-«p-¶p. Câo-cnb-dn \ÂInb _o-Pv I-fÀ hm-l-\-¯n\p Iq-Sp-X a-t\m-lm-cn-X \ evIp¶p. H-Xp-¡-ap-Å-aXpw SnÂ-äp sN-¿m-hp-¶-Xpam-b

X-c-¯n-ep-Å-Xp-am-Wv kv-äob-dn-§v hoÂ. kv-äo-b-dn-§v au­ -≠v Hm-Untbm I¬-t{SmÄ Ck-Uv th-cn-b³vdn am{X-ta e-`n-¡p-I-bpÅq. ss{U-hÀ ko-äv B-dp-X-c¯n {I-ao-I-cn-¡m-\m-Ipw. sI ko-cn-kn-se Gä-hpw ]pXn-b 1.4 en-äÀ hn-hn-Sn F-©n-\m-Wv s]-t{SmÄ th-cn-bân-ep-ÅXv. F-kv-FIv-kv t^mdn D-]-tbm-Kn-¡p-¶ 1.3 en-äÀ Un-Un-sFFkv kq-¸À SÀt_m F-©n-\mWv Uo-k- thcnbâpIÄ-¡v \Â-In-bn-«p-ÅXv. 5 kv-]o-Uv am-\p-h Kn-bÀ t_m-Iv-km-Wv FÀ-«n-K-bn-ep-Å-Xv. FÃm thcnbâp-I-Ånepw F-_n-F-kpw Ck-Uv th-cn-bân kp-c-£-bv-¡m-bn c-­≠v F-bÀ _mKpIfpw e-`y-amWv. s]-t{SmÄ th-cn-bân-\p 16.02 Dw, Uo-k-en-\v 20.77 amWv ssa-te-Pv I-W-¡m-¡p-¶-Xv. hn-]-Wnbn C-Xn-t\mS-Iw X-s¶ FÀ-«n-K-bv¡p \à kzo-I-c-W-amWv e-`n-¨p sIm≠-­n-cn-¡p-¶Xv. C-\n FÀ-«nK-sb k-z-´-am-¡n Ip-Spw-_-t¯m-sSm-¸w \-sÃmcp bm-{X ¹m³ sN-¿p-I am-{X-ta th≠­q.

Uo-k Im-À \nÀ-½m-Ww hÀ-²n-¸n¡pw shÀ-W, sF 20 F-¶n-h-bp-sS \nÀ-½m-W-am-Wv lyp≠­­-­m-bn hÀ²n¸n¡p-¶Xv

hm-

l-\-hnÂ-¸-\-bn C-´ybn c-­ ≠mw Øm-\-a-p-Å lyp-≠ ­ m-bn tam-t«m-gv-kv an-I-¨ hnÂ-¸-\-bp-Å Uo-k Im-dp-I-fp-sS \nÀ-½m-Ww hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p¶p. shÀ-W, sF 20 F-¶n-h-bp-sS \nÀ-½m-W-am-Wv lyp≠-­mbn Iq-«p-¶Xv. \n-e-hn \nÀ-½m-Ww {]-Xnam-kw G-gm-bn-cw bq-Wn-än \n-¶v 10500 bq-Wn-äm-bn D-bÀ-¯p-sa-¶v I¼-\n hr¯§Ä {]-kv-Xm-h-\bn hy-à-am-¡n. Uok Im-dp-I-fp-sS Un-amâ v hÀ-²n-¨-Xn-s\ Xp-SÀ-¶v Z-£n-W sIm-dnbn \n-¶v C-d-¡pa-Xn sN-¿p-¶ Uo-k F³-Pn-\p-I-fpsS F-®w lyp≠-m­ -bn A-Sp-¯n-sS hÀ-²n-¸n-¨ncp¶p. \n-e-hn lyp-≠ ­ m-bn-bp-sS Uo-k Im-dp-IÄ-¡p th≠-n­- B-dpam-kw h-sc Im-¯n-cn-t¡≠-­Øn-Xn-bm-Wp-Å-Xv. \nÀ½m-Ww hÀ-²n-¸n-¡p-¶-tXm-sS Uo-k Im-

28

dp-IÄ-¡p th≠-­n-bp-Å Im-¯n-cn-¸n-\p hn-cm-a-am-hps-a¶v lyp-­≠m-bn- tam-t«mÀ C-´y en-anä-Uv U-b-d-Iv-äv A-c-hn-µv kIvtk-\ ]-dªp. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


BtcmKyw

th\ ag, tcmK-§Ä Dd¸v !

IcpXnbn-cn-¡pI tUm AizXn tkma³, MBBS, PGDHHM,

sNÌv B³Uv Ub-_-änIv skâÀ, tImgn-t¡mSv

th\Â NqSns\mcp ia-\ambn th\Âa-gsb¯n... IqsS -ag¡me

_yq«n aoävkv

Smeâv A`n-t\-{Xn-bmbpw Kmbn-I-bm-bpw Hcp-t]mse Xnf-§p¶ hyànXzw, AXmWv aocm-\-µ³ F¶ Xmcs¯ hyXy-kvX-bm-¡p-¶-Xv. emÂtPmkv kwhn-[m\w sNbvX "apÃ' F¶ Zneo]v Nn{X¯n-eqsS shÅn-¯-n-c-bnse-¯nb aocsb aäp \Sn-am-cn \n ¶pw thdn«p \nÀ¯n-b-Xv, im-eo-\Xbpw, s{S³Un-\kpw H¯n-W-§nb kuµ-cy-am-Wv. XpSÀ¶v ]pXnbapJw, tIc-f-I-t^, ko\n-tb-gvkv, XpS§n H«-\-h[n lnäv Nn{X§Ä. ""Hcp \Sn-sb kw_-Ôn-¨n-St¯mfw Sm-eâpw kuµ-cyhpw Hcp -t]mse {][m-\-am-Wv. F¶m ImemhØ t\m¡msX-bpÅ jq«nwKv sj-UyqfpIÄ¡nS-bn kuµcy kwcw-£Ww F¶Xv h³ shÃp-hn-fnbmWv,'' aocm\µ³ ]d-bp¶p. _yq«n a{´: kuµcy kwc-£-W¯n\v AanX {]m[m\yw \ÂImdn

tcmK§fpw. ]\n-_m-[nXcpsS \nc¡v CXnt\m-sSm¸w h³ tXmXn hÀ²n¨n-«p≠v. ag-¡mew Bcw-`n-¡p-¶-Xnt\m-sSm¸w ]\n ]SÀ¶p ]nSn-¡-p-¶Xv F´psIm≠msW¶v Nn´n-¨n-«pt≠m? A´-co-£-¯nse Xm]-\n-e-bn s] s«-¶p≠mIp¶ aÀ±hyXymkw Xs¶bmWv {][m\ImcWw.-- A´-co-£-¯nepÅ tcmKm-Wp-¡Ä ag-tbm-sSm-¸-amWv a®n-te-s¡-¯p-¶-Xv. ISp¯ th\-en\p-ti-j-w s]s«-¶pÅ ag A´-co£ Dujvam-hn sN-ep-¯p¶ kzm[o\w ]\n s]s«¶v ]SÀ¶p ]nSn-¡m³ CSbm-¡p-¶p. ]pXp-ag \\-ªm ]\n hcp-sa¶v ]g-a-¡mÀ ]d-bp-¶-Xnse {] [m-\- X-¯z-hp-an-XmWv. ag-¡m-e¯v `qanbn-te-s¡-¯p¶ kqcy-{]-Im-i-¯nsâ Af-hnepw Xo£vW-X-bnepw h³tXmXn-epÅ Ipd-hp≠mIp¶-Xp- aqew, tcmKm-Wp-¡-fp-tS-bpw, sImXp-Iv, Cu¨ XpS-§nb ]IÀ¨hym[n¡v Imc-W-amb

Pohn-I-fpsSbpw hÀ²-\-hn\v Imc-W-amIp-w. ico-c-¯n Pe _mjv]o-I-cWw Ipd-ªv, Zl-\-hy-hØ ipjvIn-¨n-cn¡p¶ ka-bamWv ag-¡m-ew, Cu kab¯v tcmK {]--Xn-tcm[ tijn IpdhmbXn-\m tcmKm-Wp-¡-fp-sS B{I--aWw hfsc thKw ico-cs¯ _m[n-¡pw.

a-g¡me tcmK-§Ä 4 Xcw: 1. ]IÀ¨hym-[n-IÄþ]\n, aª-¸n-¯w, Fen-¸-\n, tImfd 2. Pe-P-\y-tcm-K-§ÄþssSt^m-bv-Uv, tImfd, hb-dn-f¡w 3. sImXpIv ]c-¯p-¶-hþate-dn-b, Nn¡p³Kp\nb XpS-§n-bh 4. ]cn-ØnXn aen-\o-I-cWw aqeap≠mIp¶ tcmK-§Äþhmbp-hn-eqsS ] I-cp¶ hb-d ]\n, sI«n-¡n-S-¡p¶ aen-\-P-e-¯n-eq-sSbpw aäpw ]I-cp¶ Fen-¸-\n, XpS-§n-bh ag-¡m-e¯v `o£Wn-bp-bÀ¯p¶p. ISp¯ Xe-thZ\, icocthZ\, ]\n, OÀ±n XpS-§n-bhbmWv ag-¡m-e-tcm-K-§-fpsS {][m\ e£W§Ä.

Ã. _yq«n]mÀe-dp-I-fn s{XUnw-Kn \pw hmIvknwKn\p-ambn am{Xta t]m Im-dp-Åp. AXym-hiy kµÀ`§-fn am{Xw t^jy sN¿pw, AXpw hfsc hnc-fw. Atem-thc HmbnÂ, Sm³ Hmbn F¶n-h-bmWv {][m\ kuµ-cy- kw-cw-£W hkvXp-¡Ä. \o ≠apSn ]mc-¼-cy-ambn In«n-b-Xm-Wv. `£Ww: kuµcy kwc-£-W¯nsâ {][m\ LSIw `£WcoXnbmWv. kkym-lm-c-amWv IqSp-X XmÂ]cyw. `£-W-¯n ]¨-¡-dn-Ifpw, ]g-§fpw [mcm-f-ambn DÄs¸-Sp¯m-dp≠v. CjvS -`-£Ww tZmibpw N½-´n-bpw. hymbmaw: \Ã-t]mse hymbmaw sN¿p¶ Iq«-¯n-emWv aoc. Øncambn Pn½n aWn-¡q-dp-I-tfmfw sNe-h-gn-¡p-am-bn-cp¶p. CSbv¡v h¶ CS-thf ]cnl-cn¨v ho≠pw Pn½n t]mIm-\pÅ Hcp-¡-¯n-emWv aoc F¶ kpµ-cn.

]pcp-j³amÀ {i²n-¡pI 2060 HmsS {]XypÂ]m-Z\ tijn-bpÅ ]pcp-j³amÀ temI-¯p≠mInsöv Kth-j-IÀ ]T-\-¯n ap¶-dn-bn¸p \ÂIp-¶p. Ignª 50 hÀj-¯n\n-S-bn _oP kwJy-bn 50% CSn-hp≠mbXmbmWv I-s≠¯Â. am\-knI k½À±w, s]m®-¯-Sn, aen-\o-IcWw XpS-§nbhbmWv _oPkwJyFaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

bn h³ Ipd-hn\v Imc-W-am-Ip-¶Xv. Hmtcm hÀjhpw _oP- kw-Jybn 2% Ipd-hp-h-cp-¶-XmbmWv Is≠¯Â. A_ÀUn³ s^À«nenän skâ-dn \S-¯nb ]T-\-¯n aZy-]m\w, ]pI-h-en, s]m®-¯-Sn, ¹mÌn¡v D¸-¶-§Ä, kv{Xo tlmÀtam-Wmb Cukv{S-P\p kam-\-amb cmk-h-kvXp-¡Ä F¶nh ]pcpj hÔy-X¡v Imc-Wam-Ip-¶-Xmbn Is≠¯n-bn-«p≠v.

29


hnZym-`ymkw

-

-k m y ym-`

hnZ

kzm{ib tIc-f-¯nsâ

in¸n-IÄ

X§ÄIqSn `mK-am-bn {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp¶ Øm]-\-¯n-sâtbm {]Øm-\-¯nsâtbm ]cn-an-Xn-IÄ¡pw km[y-X-IÄ¡pw CS-bnÂ\n-¶psIm≠v Hcp ]pXnb kwcw-`¯n\v þ tIc-f-¯nse kzm{ib hnZym-`ymk hn¹-h¯neqsS XpS¡w Ipdn¨ Hcp Iq«w C³{S-ms{]-tWgvkns\ ]cn-N-b-s¸-Sp-¯p-I-bmWv FaÀPnMv tIcf "kzm{ib tIc-f-¯nsâ inÂ]nIÄ' F¶ Cu ]wàn-bn-eq-sS...

fo c u s

C sI \yqkv kÀhokv

F

³{S-s{]--WÀjn¸n\v AXn-cp-I-tfm, ]cn-anXnItfm CÃ-. AXv tZiIm-e-§Ä¡pw Ah-Øm´-c-§Ä¡pw D]-cn-bmb Hcp "Bän-äyqUv' BWv. kz´-ambn Hcp Øm]\w ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯p¶ Hcp hyàn-sb-bmWv kwcw-`-I³ (F³{S-s{]--WÀ) F¶p ]d-bp-¶-sX-¦nepw B[p-\nI amt\-Pvsaâ v AXns\ FÃm-X-e-¯nepw hym]m-c-§fnepw, sXmgn-ep-I-fnepw GÀs¸-Sp¶ hyàn-I-fpsS {]hÀ¯n-tbm-SpÅ kao-]\-am-bmWv \nÀh-Nn-¡p-¶-Xv. Hcp hyàn kz´w \n e-bn dnkvsI-Sp-¯v Hcp kwcw-`¯ -- n\v DS-a-bm-Ipt¼mÄ Abmsf "FsâÀ{]-WÀ' F¶pw Hcp hyàn AbmÄ {]hÀ¯n sN¿p¶ Øm]-\-¯nsâtbm {]

30

Øm-\-¯nsâ `mK-ambn \n¶p-sIm≠v B Øm]\-¯n\I-¯p-Xs¶ Xsâ {]hÀ¯n taJ-e-bnÂ, Un¸mÀ«vsaân Hcp ]pXnb {]hÀ¯\ ]²-Xn¡p XpS¡w Ipdn-¡p-t¼mÄ B hyànsb "C³{Sm-{]-WÀ' F¶pw hntijn-¸n-¡p-¶p. "C³{Sm{]-WÀ'jn¸v B[p\nI tImÀ¸-tdäv ta-Je-bpsS Poh-\mUn-bm-sW¶v Xncn-¨d-- n-b-s¸-« Ime-amWnXv. Hcp {]Øm\w, Hcp kwcw`w hnP-bn-¡-W-sa¦n AXp ]Sp-¯p-bÀ¯p¶ hyàn-bpsS, hnj-\pw A[zm-\hpw t]mse-Xs¶ AXn tPmen-sN-¿p-¶-hcpsS hnj\pw A[zm-\hpw {]bm-k-am-sW¶ Xncn-¨dnhpw AwKo-Imchp-am-Wn-Xv. aX, kmap-Zm-bnI {]Øm-\-§fp-tSbpw sXmgn kwL-S-\-IfptSbpsaÃmw Npa-X-e-¡mcpw kz´w \n e-bn s{]m^-j-W-ep-I-fpamb GXm\pw hyàn-I-fmWv 2000-þam≠n tIc-f¯n kzÑ-µhpw At§bäw hn¹-hmXvaIhpamb hnZym`ymk ]cn-hÀ¯-\¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn¨Xv. kz´w sXmgn cw-K§-fn-epw t\Xr-Øm-\-§fnepw Ignhp sXfn-bn-¨ Ch-cn ]ecpw C¯cw Hcp dnkvIv FSp¡msX Xs¶ X§-fpsS IÀ½-aWvU-e-§-fn X\-Xmb hyàn-ap{Z ]Xn-¸n-¡m³ km[n¨h-cmbncp-¶p. F¦nepw Hcp "tkm jy tImkn\p' th≠n hf-sc-b-[nIw XymK§fpw A[zm-\hpw ChÀ kzbw Npa-en-te-äpIbm-bncp¶p. C¶v C´y-bnse Xs¶ anI¨ hnZym-`ymk Øm]-\-§-fpsS Aa-c¡m-c-mb ChÀ, sF sF Fw AS-¡-apÅ amt\-Pvsaâ v C³Ìnäyq«pIfnse hnZymÀ°n-IÄ¡v ] Tn-¡p-hm-\p-Å Hcp "tIkv ÌUn' IqSn-bm-Wv. Ct¸mgpw A_v ZpÄ Iem-an-t\m-sSm-¸w, kz]v\-§-fn Pohn-¡pIbpw B kz]v \-§fpsS Nnd-In-tedn ]p Xnb taJ-e-I-fn hoc-KmY-IÄ cNn-¡p-hm³ Hcp-§pI-bm-Wn-hÀ. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


tkh-\ k¶-²-cm-b [nj-Wm-im-enIÄ

tUm sI hÀ-Ko-kv

s{]m^ ]n sP tPmk^v

sI

mÃs¯ Hcp {]apJ tIm-sf-Pn \n-¶v F-³Pn-\n-b-dnw-Kv _n-cp-Zw t\-Sn sImÂ-¡-¯-bn-se _nÀ-f F-bÀ-I≠-­o -j\nwKv tImÀ-¸-td-j\n tPm-en sN-¿pt¼mÄ bp-hmhm-b sI hÀ-Ko-kn-sâ Nn-´ \m-«n-se-¯n k-am-\am-b H-cp Øm]-\w Xp-S-§-W-sa-¶Xm-bn-cp-¶p. Cu B-{K-lw I-¼-\n-bn-se D-¶X-sc A-dn-bn-¨-t¸mÄ A-hÀ k-lm-bhpw hm-Kv-Zm-\w sN-bvXp. Xp-SÀ-¶v \m-«n-se-¯n 1965þ sIm-¨n³ Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wn-Iv-kv F-¶ kv-Ym]-\w Xp-S§n. Xn-cp-h-\-´-]p-cw, tIm-gn-t¡m-Sv, _mw¥qÀ, aw-K-em-]p-cw F-¶n-hn-S-§-fn im-JI-fp-am-bn sIm-¨n³ C-e-Ivt{Sm-Wn-Iv-kn-sâ {]-hÀ¯-\w kp-K-a-am-bn ap-t¶m«pt]mIp-¶-Xn\n-sS Xn-cph-\-\-´-]pcw k-tlm-Zb kv-Iq-fn ]Tn-¨n-cp¶ C-f-b aIsâ A-kp-J§Ä A-t± l-s¯ A -kz-Ø-\m¡n. Xp-SÀ¶v aI-sâ Nn-InÕ-bv-¡m-bn hÀ-Ko-kv IpSpw-_-k-taXw sIm-¨nbn-te-bv-¡v

Xma-kw amän. aI-\v sIm-¨n-bn-se kv-Iq-fpI-fn A-Uv-an-j³ tX-Sn A-t±-lw h-f-scb-[n-Iw A-e-ªp. Cu A-e-¨n-ep-IÄ-¡n-Sbn-em-Wv an-I-¨ H-cp kn-_n-F-kv-C kv-IqÄ \m-Sn-sâ X-s¶ H-cp B-h-iy-am-sW-¶ Nn-´ F-³Pn\n-bdm-b tUm. sI hÀ-Kokn-sâ-bp-Ån \m-¼n-«-Xv. sshImsX kplr-¯p¡-sf kw-L-Sn-¸n-¨v hnj-bw N-À-¨ sN-bv-Xv H-cp skm-ssk-än-¡v cq-]w \Â-In. 1978þ sIm-¨n³ I-em-`-h-\n ap-dn-IÄ hm-S-I-bv-s¡-Sp-¯v B-t_-e¨-sâ A-\p-{K-l-t¯m-sS H-cp kv-Iq-fn-\v Xp-S¡-an«p. Bcw`w apX Cu hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ h-fÀ-¨-bv-¡v kw-`m-h-\ \Â-Im³ I-gn-bp¶ [nj-Wim-en-Ifm-b \n-ch-[n A-[ym-]-IÀ tk-h-\ k-¶-²cmbn Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-\v ]n-´p-W-bp-am-bn F-¯n. A-Xv hn-P-b-h-gn-bn-te-¡p-Å bm-{Xbv-¡v K-Xn-th-Kw ]-IÀ¶p. tSm-Iv F-¨n-sâ A-[y-£ ]-Z-¯n-en-cn-¡p-¶ s{]m^ ]n sP tPmk-^v XpSÀ km-£c-Xm {]-hÀ¯-\-§-fnepw tN-cn- \nhm-kn-I-fpsS ]p\-c-[nhm-k {]-hÀ-¯-\-§-fnepw k-Po-ham-bn C-S-s]-«v {]-hÀ-¯n-¨ hy-àn-bm-Wv. C-h-cp-sS C-Ñm-i-àn-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv tSm-Iv F-¨v hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm-]-\-§Ä h-fÀ-¶v ]-´-en-¨Xv. C-Xn {]-tXy-I-am-bn F-Sp¯p-]-d-tb-­Øm-]-\-§fn-sem-¶m-Wv tSm-Iv F-¨v C³-kv-än-äyq«v Hm-^v k-b³-kv Bâ v sSIv-t\m-fPn. k-aq-l-t¯m-Sp-Å {]-Xn_²-X \Ã-co-Xn-bn \nÀ-h-ln-¨v \-b-§-fn sh-Åw tNÀ-¡m-sX ap-t¶m«p-t]m-Im³ amt\-Pv-saâ v Im-Wn-¡p-¶ ss[-cy-am-Wv Cu {]-Øm-\-¯n-sâ hn-P-b-a-{´w. \n-ch-[n {]-Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ-¡n-S-bn-epw ta³-abpw aq-eym-[n-jvTn-X-hpam-b hn-Zym-`ymkw \Â-Ip-¶ Im-gv-¨-¸mSn-s\m-¸w tk-h-\ k-¶-²-X-bp-Å H-cp X-e-ap-d-bp-sS kr-ãnbp-am-Wv tSm-Iv F-¨v hn-Zym-`ym-k-Øm-]\-§-fpsS e-£yw. K-th-j-W {]-hÀ-¯\-§Ä-¡mbn sP kn t_m-kv skâÀ t^mÀ dn-kÀ-¨v Bâ v sU-h-e-¸v-saâ v hn-`mKhpw Iym-¼-kn-ep≠­v. t]mÀ-«v sSIv-t\m f-Pn t]m-ep-Å ]pXnb tIm-gv-kp-IÄ Xp-S§m-\p-Å {i-a-¯n-em-Wv am-t\-Pvsaâ v.

kmaq-lnI {]Xn-_-²-X-bpsS BÄcq-]w Ime-L«¯nsâ B-hiyw

I≠-­-dn-ªv Bcw-`n-¨ Øm-]\-amWv s^-Ud C³-Ìn-äyq«v Hm-^v k-b³-kv ]n hn am-XypBâ v sS-Iv-t\mfPn (^n-kmäv) F-¶ Øm-]\w. ka-cw {]-Jym-]n-¡epw sIm-Sn- ]nSn-¡epw am-{X-amWv t{S-Uv bqWn-b-³ {]-hÀ¯-\w F-¶p-Nn´n-¨n-cp-¶ H-cp k-aq-l-¯n-sâ ap-¶n-em-Wv hn-I-k-\hpw aq-eym-[njvTn-X-hpam-b H-cp Im-gv-¨-¸m-Sv s^U-d _m-¦nse Hm-^n-kÀ-am-cp-sS A-tkm-kn-tb-j\m-b F-^v _n H F ap-t¶m«p h-¨-Xv. Cu Øm]-\w cq-]-s¸-Sp-¯p-¶-Xn apJy ]-¦p-hln-¨-Xv ^n-km-än-sâ sN-bÀ-am³ ]-Zhn-bn-en-cn-¡p¶ ]n hn am-XypF-¶ _m-¦v Po-h-\-¡m-c\m b t{S-Uv bq-Wn-b³ t\-Xm-hn-sâ C-Ñmi-àn X-s¶-bm-Wv. 1999 tIm-«-b-¯ph-¨p \-S-¶ s^-U-d _m-¦v-Po-h-\-¡m-cp-sS k-t½-f-\-¯n \yq an-sÃ-\n-bw Kn-^v-äv t^mÀ skm-ssk-än F-¶ e-£y-t¯mSp Iq-Sn-bm-Wv H-cp kzm{i-b hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm]-\w F-¶ Bibw A-h-X-cn-¸n-¨-Xv. k-t½f-\w C-Xn-\v Aw-Ko-Im-cw \Â-In-sb-¦nepw Nn-e kw-i-§Ä am{Xw _m-¡n-bmbn. A§-s\ tÌ-äv _m¦v Hm-^v C-´y-bn-se Po-h-\-¡m-cp-sS t{S-Uv bq-Wn-b³ B-cw-`n-¨ sN-ss¶-bn-se kv-Iq-fp-I-

fn F-^v-_n-H-F-bp-sS Aw-K-§Ä k-µÀi-\w \-S¯n. Im-cy-§Ä a-\-kn-em-¡n-b-tXm-sS tImsf-Pv B-cw-`n-¡p-¶-Xn-sâ L-«-¯n-te-bv¡v I-S¶p. ]n-¶o-Sv tImsf-Pn-\v `qan I-s≠­-¯n A-Xv hm-§p-¶ L-«w h-¶-t¸mgpw ]T-\ ku-I-cy-§Ä H-cp-¡p-¶Xnepw s^-U-d _m-¦nsâ `m-K-¯p-\n¶pw A-\p-Iq-eam-b kao-]-\hpw P-\-{]-Xn-\n-[n-I-fp-sS bpw {]-tZ-i-hm-kn-I-fp-sSbpw k-lI-c-Whpw FÃmw Iq-Sn-tNÀ-¶m-Wv ^n-km-än-\v A-Sn¯-d-sbm-cp-¡n-b-Xv. AXp-sIm-­≠pX-s¶, k-aq-l-t¯mSp-Å {]-Xn_-²-X {]-hÀ-¯-\§-fn-ep-S\o-fw D≠-­m-I-W-sa¶pw Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-\v \nÀ-_-Ô-ap-s­ ≠¶pw ]n hn amXyp ]-d-bp¶p. C-Xn-\v D-Zm-l-c-W-amWv tImsf Pnse kzX{´ tkm^vävshbÀ Iq«mbvabmb ^nkmäv {^o tkm^vävshbÀ skÃnsâ (F^vF^vFkvkn) t\XrXz¯n hnZymÀYnIÄ sNbvX apgph³ t{]mPÎpIfpsSbpw tImUpIÄ "h¬ anÃy¬ tImUvkv Sp Z I½yqWnän F¶ _rlXv ]²XnbneqsS {]kn²s¸-Sp-¯n-bXv. kz´ambn hnIkn¸ns¨Sp¯ t{]mPÎpIfpsS' tkmgvkv tImUv ]pdwtemI¯n\p ssIamdm³ ] ecpw hnapJX Im«p-t¼m-gmWv ^nkmäv hnZymÀYnIÄ Cu cwK-¯v H-cp th-dn-« amXr-I kr-ãn-¨-sX-¶v ^n-km-äv sN-bÀ-am³ ]n hn amXyp A-`n-am-\-t¯m-sS HmÀ¡p¶p. hnZym-`ym-k cw-K-¯p-am-{X-aà I-em, Imbn-I cw-K¯pw ^n-km-äv ap-¶n X-s¶-bmWv.

Kp-cpIp-e hn-Zym-`ym-k¯n-sâ {]-Nm-cI³ \nch-[n

Ip-«n-IÄ F-³Pn\nb-dnw-Kv hnZym-`ym-kw t\-Sm³ A-\y-kwØm-\-§fn-te-¡v t]m-Ip¶-Xn-s\ ¡p-dn-¨p-Å Ku-cham-b Nn-´-bn \n-¶p-amWv {io\m-cm-bW Kp-cp-Ip-ew tImsf Pv Hm-^v F-³Pn\n-b-dnw-Knsâ D-Z-bw. 2001  kz-Im-cy]-¦m-fn-¯-t¯m-sS F-³Pn\nb-dnwKv tImsfPv Xp-S§mw F-¶ kÀ-¡mÀ Xo-cp-am-\w h-¶-t¸mÄ F-kvF³-Un-]n Ip-¶-¯p-\m-Sv Xm-eq-¡v bq-Wn-b³ {]-kn-Uâpw sk³-{S skbvÂkv Sm-Iv-kv sU-]yq-«n I-½o-j-W-dpam-bn-cp-¶ A-Uz Sn F hn-Pb-sâ t\-Xr-XzFaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

¯n H-cp {S-Ìv cq-]o -I-cn-¨v kÀ-¡m-cn tImsf-Pn-\m-bn A-t]-£ k-aÀ¸n¨p. A-\p-hm-Zw e-`n-¨p I-gn-ª-t¸mÄ ]-In-«p A-Uz Sn F Im-Wn-¡p-¶-XneÃ, a-dn-¨v hn-P-b³ \-sÃm-cp ]T-\m-´-co-£w H-cp-¡p-¶-Xn-em-Wv X-§Ä {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn¨-sX-¶v F-kv-F³-Pn-kn F-Iv-kn-Iyq-«o-hv Ub-d-ÎÀ A-Uz Sn F hn-P-b³ hy-à-am¡n. temI-¯v e-`yam-b km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zy th-K¯n X-s¶ I-c-K-X-am-¡n hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ¡v e-`y-am-¡m³ C-hn-Sp-s¯ A-[ym-]-Icpw am-t\-Pv-saâpw {]-tXy-Iw {i-² tI-{µo-I-cn¡p-¶p≠-­v. Fw-sS-¡n\pw Fw-_n-F-bv¡pw H¶mw dm¦n-s\m-¸w D-¶-X-hn-P-b-hpw ssI-hcn-¡m-³ ChÀ¡m-bn-«p­≠-v­. tIm-sf-Pn \n-¶v ]T-\w ]qÀ-¯n-bm-bn C-d-§p-¶ hn-ZymÀ-°nIÄ-¡v 100 i-X-am-\w t¹-kv-saâ v D-d-¸m-¡p¶-Xn\v {]-tXy-Iw sk tIm-sfPn cq-]o I-cn-¨n-«p≠­v. Kp-cpIp-e am-Xr-I-bn-ep-Å ]T-\ k-{¼-Zm-b-am-Wv ]n´p-S-cp-¶Xv. AXp-sIm ≠-pX-s¶, hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ¡v tbm-Kbpw Iu¬-kn-enwKpw \Â-Ip-¶p≠-v­. Iq-Sm-sX, ] T-\ ka-bw I-gn-ªv hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ-¡v sshIn«v C³-U-kv-{Sn-b kv-s]-jy-en-Ìp-I-fpsS ¢m-kp-IÄ e-`y-am-¡m³ am-t\-Pv-saâ v {]-tXyIw {i-² ]-Xn-¸n-¡p-¶p. jn-¸v sSIv-t\mf-Pn t]m-epÅ tIm-gv-kp-IÄ-¡m-bn tImsfPv A--\pa-Xn t\Snbn«p-­≠-­v.

31


hnZym-`ymkw

A\p-`-h- k-¼-¯nsâ ssIhn-f¡v k -tlm-Z-c]p-{X-\p th-­ ≠n H-cp F-³Pn\n-b-dnw-Kv

A-Uv-an-j-³ e-`n-¡m³ \-S-¶ A-e-¨n-en \n-¶mWv \-½p-sS \m-«nepw H-cp F-³Pn\n-b-dnw-Kv tImsf-Pv th-W-sa-¶ Nn-´ D-­≠m-bdh. tam¬. sX¶v hn-iz-tPym-Xn- tIm-ftXma-kv Pv Hm-^v F-³Pn\n-b-dnw-Kv a-te-¡p-Sn Bâ v sSIv-t\m-f-Pn- F-¶ Øm-]-\-¯nsâ am-t\-P-cpw tIm-X-awK-ew cq-]-X-bp-sS hn-Im-cn P-\-d-epam-b tam¬. tXma-kv a-te-¡p-Sn ]-d-bp-¶p. 1999em-Wv {S-Ìv cq-]o-I-cn-¨v Ø-ew hm§n tImsf-Pn-sâ {]mcw-` {]-hÀ-¯-\-§Ä XpS-§n h-¨-Xv. {S-Ìn Aw-K-am-bn-cp-¶ Aw-K-§fn \n-¶v ]n-cn-¨ Xp-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p aq-e-[\w. tIm-X-aw-Ke-¯v H-cp F-³Pn-\nb-dnw-Kv tImsf-Pv F-¶ kz-]v-\w km-£mXv-I-cn-¡m³ A-¶v a-{´n-bm-bn-cp-¶ ]n sP tPmk-^v A-S-¡-ap-Å-hÀ an-I-¨ ]n-´p-Wbm-Wv \Â-In-b-Xv. kzm{ib tIm-sf-Pp-I-fp-sS Im-cy-¯n FÂ-UnF-^v kÀ-¡mÀ ]n¶m-¡w t]m Im-s\m-cp-§n-b-t¸mÄ \m-b-\mÀ a-{´n-k-`bn Aw-K-am-bn-cp-¶ ]n sP tPm-k-^m-Wv tImsf-Pv hn-j-b-¯n A-\pIq-e \n-e-]m -sS-Sp-¡-W-sa-¶ i-àam-b A-`n-{]m-bw apt¶m-«p-h-¨-Xv. C{]-Im-c-apÅ {i-a-^-e-am-bn Øm-]n-¡-s¸« tImsf-Pn am-t\-Pv-saâ v

\oXn-im-kv{X-¯nsâ Imh-emÄ

F-Sp-¯ B-tcm-Ky-I-chpw IÀ-i-\-hpamb Nn-e \-S-]-Sn-I-fm-Wv I-gn-ª 12 hÀ-j ¡m-e-am-bn tIm-sf-Pn-s\ hn-P-b ]oT-¯n \n-e-\nÀ-¯p-¶Xv. {]-th-i-\w 100 i-X-am\w sa-dn-äv A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n am-{X-am-Wv. {]-thi-\w e-`n-¡p¶ _n-]n-F hn-`m-K¯nÂs¸-Sp-¶ hn-ZymÀ°n-IÄ-¡m-bn {]-XnhÀjw 52 e-£w cq-]-bp-sS kv-tIm-fÀ-jn-¸v \Â-Ip-¶p≠-­v. kv-t]mÀ-Svkv Izm-« A-Uv-anj-\m-bn H-cp i-X-am-\w \o-¡n-h-¨n-«p-≠ ­ v. tIm-sfPn-se A-[ym-]-I-À an-I-¨ ]n´p-W-bmWv hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-Ä-¡v \Â-In h-cp-¶Xv. AXp-sIm≠pX-s¶, tI-c-f-¯nse an-I¨ tImsf-Pp-I-fn H-¶m-bn hn-iztPym-Xn tIm-sf-Pv Hm-^v F³Pn\n-b-dnw-Kv Bâ v sSIv-t\m-f-Pn- am-dn. an-I-¨ dn-kÄ«v, ]T-\-¯n-sâ Kp-W-\n-e-hm-cw F-¶o Imcy-§-fn hn-«p-ho-gv-¨-bv-¡v am-t\-Pv-saâ v H-cp-Im-c-W-h-imepw X-¿m-dÃ. Cu L-S-I-§-sfÃmw tNÀ-¶v krãn-¡p-¶ hn-P-b-i-X-am-\hpw \n--ehm-chpw sIm-­≠pXs¶ C³-t^m-kn-kn-sâbpw Sm-ä-bpsSbpw dn-{Iq-«nw-Kv skâ-dp-Ifn H-¶m-bn hn-iz-tPym-Xn Im¼-kv am-dn-I-gnªp. H-cp sa-Un-¡Â tIm-sf-Pm-Wv C-\n X-§-fp-sS kz-]v-\-]-²-Xn-sb¶pw tXma-kv a-te-¡p-Sn ]-d-bp-¶p.

B-Zn-i¦-c {S-kv-än-\v Io-gnÂ

2001  B-Wv B-Zni-¦-c C³kv-än-äyq«v Hm-^v F-³Pn\n-b-dnw-Kv tUm _n Fkv Bâ v sSIv-t\m f-Pn F-¶ hn-ZymIrjvW³ `ym-k-Øm]-\w i-¦-cm-Nm-cy-cp-sS P·-`q-anbmb Im-e-Sn-bn B-cw-`n-¨-Xv. cm-Pyt¯mSpw k-aq-l-t¯mSpw {]-Xn-_²-X-bpw km-t¦Xn-I ]-cn-Úm-\ hpw D-Å H-cp X-e-ap-d-bmWv Cu hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ e-£y-sa-¶v B-Zni-¦-c {S-Ìv amt\-Pnw-Kv {S-Ìn tUm _n F-kv Ir-jv-W³ ]-d-ªp. tIm-sf-Pn-te-¡pÅ A-Uv-an-j³ XpS-§nb Im-cy§fn Ip-«n-Ifp-sS ap³ ]T\ \n-e-hm-cw hsc ]cn-K-Wn-¡p¶p. ]-W-anÃm¯-Xn-sâ t]cn BÀ¡pw ]Tn-¡m-\p-Å A-hk-cw \n-

tj-[n-¡m-dnÃ. ]T-\ Im-cy-¯n an-I-hp-]p-eÀ-¯n-bn«pw km-¼-¯nIam-bn ]n-¶m¡w \nÂ-¡p-¶-Xnsâ t]-cn A-hk-cw e-`n-¡m-sX h-cp-¶ Ip-«nI-sf I-s­-≠¯n AhÀ-¡v FÃm Nn-e-hp-Ifpw h-ln-¨v ]Tn-¡m-\p-Å km-l-N-cy-§Ä tImsfPv am-t\-Pv-saâ v H-cp¡nsIm-Sp-¡p-¶p≠­v. F-³Pn-\n-b-dnwKv hn-Zym-`ym-k cwK-¯v B-tKm-f \n-e-hm-cw ]p-eÀ-¯p¶ {]-hÀ-¯\-§-fmWv B-Zni-¦-c C³-kv-änäyq«v Hm-^v F-³Pn\n-b-dnw-Kv Bâ v sSIv-t\mf-Pn \-S-¯n-h-cp-¶Xv. an-I¨ sse-{_-dn ku-I-cyw, B-[p\n-I kw-hn-[m\-§-tfm-Sp Iq-Snb ssl-sSIv em-_v Xp-S§n-b-h-sbÃmw tIm-sfPn-sâ {]-tXy-I-X-bmWv. hn-Z-Kv-[-sc £Wn-¨p-h-cp¯n hn-ZymÀ-°n-I-fpam-bn kw-hm-Zw \-S-¯m\pÅ- -Ah-k-chpw C-hn-sSsbm-c-p¡p¶p. tbm-Kycm-b A-[ym-]I-sc Cu cwK-¯v e-`n-¡m-³ {]-bm-kw t\-cnSp-t¼mgpw an-I-¨ thX-\w \Â-In hn-Z-Kv-[cm-b A-[ym-]I-sc dn-{Iq-«v sN-¿m³ am-t\-Pv-saâ v {i-²-]p-eÀ¯p-¶p≠-­v. hn-ZymÀ-°n-IÄ¡pw aäpw an-I-¨ km-t¦Xn-I ]-cn-ioe\w \Â-Ip-¶ Im-cy-¯n am-t\-Pvsaâ v Gsd ap-¶n-emWv.

fo c u s

Pnk mäv : D

e-£yw cm-Pym-´-c \n-e-hmc-ap-Å km-t¦Xn-I hn-Zym-`ym-kw

\à sXm-gn km[y-X F¶n-h ¶X hn-Zym-`ym-k ta-J-eD-d-¸m-¡p-¶ Øm]-\w Ip-«n-I-fp-sS bn ]n-t¶m¡-hn-`m-K-§Ä-¡p kz`m-h cq]o-I-c-W-¯nepw {i-² {]m-Xn-\n-[y-anÃm-Xn-cp-¶ A]p-eÀ-¯p¶p. C-t¸mg-s¯ kzm{ihØ-¡v ]-cn-lm-c-ap-≠ ­ m-¡p-hm³ b cwK-s¯ ^o-kv L-S-\ Xn-I¨pw tIm«-bs¯ F-kv F³ Un ]n A-]-cym-]v-X-am-sW¶pw \n bq-Wn-b³ F-Sp-¯ Xo-cp-am-\e-hnepÅ Øm-]-\-§sf D-b-c-§¯n-sâ `m-K-am-bm-Wv Kp-cptZ-h F Pn X-¦-¸³ fn-se-¯n-¨ ti-jw hn-Zym-`ym-k C³-Ìn-äyq-«v 2010 Øm-]nta-J-e-bn bq-Wn-b³ Iq-Sp-X X-am-b-Xv. F Pn F¶ Npcp-¡-t¸-cn kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \Â-Ip-sa-¶pw F Pn X-¦tIm«bw PnÃ-bnse kmaq-ly, kmwkvIm- ¸³ A-dn-bn¨p. tIm«-bw F-kv F³ Un cnI, kmap-Zm-bnI aWvU-e-§-fn ]n bq-Wn-b-³ sk-{I-«dn, F-kv F³ {S-Ìv kPoh km¶n-[y-amb F Pn X¦-¸sâ U-b-d-ÎÀ F-¶o \n-e-I-fn {]-hÀ¯nZoÀL-ho-£-W-¯n-sâbpw A{im´ ]cn- ¡p-¶-tXm-sSm-¸w bq-Wnb-sâ t\-Xr-Xz{i-a-¯n-tâbpw ]cn-WnX^e-amWv Kpcp¯n-ep-Å hn-Zym-`ym-k Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS tZh C³Ìn-äyq«v Hm^v kb³kv B³Uv km-c-Yyhpw F Pn-¡mWv. sSIvt\m-fPn (Pn-km-äv). ]n Pn cm-[m-Ir-jv-W³ sa-t½m-dn-b cm-Pym-´-c \n-e-hmc-ap-Å km-t¦Xn-I {io-\m-cm-bW tIm-sfPv (Nm-¶m-\n-¡m-Sv), hn-Zym-`ym-kw {]m-]y-am-¡p-¶-Xn-eq-sS bp{io-\m-cm-b-W BÀ-Sv-kv Bâ v k-b³-kv h-X-e-ap-d-bp-sS kÀ-Æ-tXm·p-Jam-b ]ptIm-sfPv (Ip-a-cIw), {io-\m-cm-b-W ]-»ntcmK-Xn Dd-¸p h-cp¯p-I F-¶-XmWv Iv kv-IqÄ (Nm-¶m-\n-¡mSv) F-¶n-hbpw Cu Øm-]-\-¯n-sâ e-£y-sa-¶v hnKp-cptZ-h C³-kv-än-äyq«v Hm-^v k-b³-kv Zym-`ym-k Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS km-cYyw B³-Uv sSIv-t\m-f-Pn-bp-am-Wv bq-Wnbh-ln-¡p¶ {io-\m-cm-b-W Kp-cp {S-Ìn-sâ sâ t\-Xr-Xz-¯n-ep-Å hn-Zym-`ym-k Ømsk-{I«dn G Pn X-¦-¸³ ]-dªp. hnZy]-\§Ä. sIm≠-­v {]-_p-²-cm-Iphm\pw A-Xph-gn i-màoI-cn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶ ]p-Xp s{]m-^-j-WepI-sf k-aq-l-¯n-\v kw-`m-h-\ sN-¿m-\p-am-Wv F-kv F³ Un ]n bq-Wn-b³ Pm-{K-XtbmsS {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶Xv. an-I-¨ A-SnØm-\ ku-Icy§Ä, tbm-Ky-cpw t{ijvT-cpam-b A-²ym-]IÀ, I-Ài\-am-b A-¨-S¡w,

32

FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


dnb FtÌäv

]cn-an-Xn¡p

\Sp-hnÂ

\«w-Xn-cn-ªv

w K w REAL ESTATEc fn 75 cq] apX 150 cq]-hsc am{Xw Bbn-cp-¶p. A\y-kw-Øm\ sXmgn-emfn-IÄ Iqen-bmbn Bh-iy-s¸-«n-cp-¶-Xv. F¶m C¶v 400 cq] apX 500 cq] hsc-bm-Wv A\y-kw-Øm\ sXmgn-em-fnIÄ¡v C¶s¯ Iqen. CXv _nÂtUgvkns\ Ipd-s¨m-¶p-aà he-bv¡p-¶-Xv. AtX-k-abw hÀ¡vssk-än kpc-£mkw-hn-[m-\-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn-¡m³ A\ykw-Øm\ sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ hnap-JX ImWn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXv `bm\-I-amb Ah-Ø-bn-te-¡mWv hnc Nq­≠p¶Xv. hÀ¡vssk-änÂh-¨v A\ykw-Øm\ sXmgn-em-fn-IÄ acn-¡p-Itbm AsÃ-¦n A]-IS¯nÂs¸-Sp-Itbm DSs\ Chn-Ss¯ A[n-Im-cn-IÄ

t{]mPIvSv \nÀ¯n-h-bv¡m³ D¯-c-hnSp-Ibpw _nÂU-sd AdÌpsN-¿p-Ibpw -sN¿pw. Hcp _nÂUdpw Xsâ hÀ¡vsskän sXmgn-em-fn-bpsS tNmc hogm³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶-h-c-Ã. A§s\ kw`hn-¡p-¶ps­≠¦n AXn\v ]qÀ® D¯-c-hmZn sXmgn-emfn Xs¶-bm-Wv. sI.-F-kv.-BÀ.-Sn.kn _Êv CSn¨v ImÂ\-S-¡m-c³ acn-¨mÂ, Ct¶-hsc AXnsâ t]cn KXm-KX hIp¸v a{´nsb Bcpw Ad-Ìp-sN-bvXn«n-Ã. F¶m hÀ¡vssk-änÂh¨v sXmgn-emfn acn-¨m _nÂUsd Ad-Ìp-sN-¿p¶ {]mIr-X-amb Ah-Ø-bmWv Chn-sS-bpÅXv.

Gähpw IqSp-X Bfp-IÄ¡v sXmgn \ÂIp¶ taJ-e-Ifnsem-¶mWv dnb FtÌäv. F¶m tIc-f-¯nse dnb F tÌäv cwKw \nc-h[n {]iv\-§-fmWv C¶v A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xv

Fkv.-F³ cLp-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

(P-\-d sk{I-«-dn, {IUmbv/Fw.Un Fkv. sF t{]m¸À«n tIcf ss{]häv enan-ä-Uv)

tI cfw A`n-aq-Jo-I-cn-¡p¶ {][m\-s¸« {]iv\w Øe-]-cn-anXn Xs¶-bmWv. tIc-f-¯nsâ BsI hnkvXoÀ®w 38,863 NXp-c{i Intem-ao-äÀ BWv. CXv C´y-bpsS BsI hnkvXoÀ®-¯nsâ 1.8 iX-am\w am{X-amsWt¶mÀ¡p-I. tIc-f-¯nse 44 \Zn-Ifpw GItZiw 34 Imb-ep-Ifpw Xoc-{]-tZ-i§fpw Ign-ªmÂ, \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\-§Ä¡v th­≠n e`n-¡p-¶Xv shdpw 10 iX-am\w `qan am{X-w. Cu 10 iX-am\w `qan-bn \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯-\-§Ä \S-¯-W-sa-¶p-h-¨mÂ, \nc-h[n hyXykvX-amb \nb-a-\-S-]-Sn-I-fn-eqsS IS¶p-t]m-bm am{Xta AXn\p km[n¡q. amdn-amdn hcp¶ kÀ¡m-cp-IÄ hyXykvX hyh-Ø-Ifpw sI«nS \n À½mW \b-§-fp-am-bmWv cwK-¯p-h-cp¶-Xv. CXv _nÂtU-gvkns\ Ipg-bv¡p¶p. AXp-t]m-se-¯s¶ Kh¬saâ v Xe-¯n hyIvXamb -amÌÀ¹m³ CÃm-¯Xpw Cu taJ-ebv¡v im]-amWv. Ignª 20 hÀj-ambn Ime-l-c-Ws¸-«p-t]mb amÌÀ¹m³ BWv C¶pw \ne-hn DÅ-Xv. FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

Kh¬saâ v dnb FtÌäv _n ÂtU-gvkns\ H«pw-Xs¶ t{]mÕm ln-¸n-¡p-¶nà "FaÀPnMv tIcf' sbt¸m-epÅ \nt£] Iq«m-bva-IÄ kwL-Sn-¸n¨v ]pd-¯p-\n-¶pÅ \n t£-]-Isc klm-bn-¡m-\mWv {ian-¨psIm­≠ncn¡p-¶-Xv. AXv Chn-sS-bp-Åhsc F§s\ _m[n¡pw F¶v Nn´n¡m³t¸mepw kÀ¡mÀ X¿m-d-Ã. sI«n-S-\nÀ½mW kma-{Kn-I-fpsS A]-cym-]vX-XbmWv Cu taJe t\cnSp¶ asämcp {]Xn-kÔn. sI«nS \n À½mW kma-{Kn-IÄ¡p-th­≠n \mw B{i-bn-¨p-sIm­≠ncn¡p-¶Xv A\y-kwØm-\-§-sf-bm-Wv. A\y-kw-Øm-\¯p-\n¶v sI«n-S-\nÀ½mW kma-{Kn-IÄ sIm­≠phcp-t¼mÄ AXv henb km¼¯nI _m[y-X-bmWv _nÂtU-gvkn\v hcp-¯n-h-bv¡p-¶-Xv. C¯cw Imcy-§sfm¶pw {i²n-¡msX _nÂtU-gvkns\ F§s\ Ipä-s¸-Sp-¯n-s¡m≠ncn¡mw F¶Xn am{X-amWv ]ecpw {i² sNep-¯n-t¸m-cp-¶-Xv. am\-h hn`-h-ti-jn-bpsS A]-cym]v XXbmWv asämcp {][m\ {]iv\w. A\y-kw-Øm\ sXmgn-emfnIsfbmWv C¶v \mw \nÀ½mW {]hÀ¯\-§Ä¡v B{i-bn-¡p-¶-Xv. Ch-cpsS hn`-h-tijn shdpw 60 iX-am\w am{Xam-Wv. A\y-kw-Øm\ sXmgn-em-fn-Isf \nÀ½m-W-¯n\v D]-tbm-Kn-¡p-t¼mÄ, Ahsc GtIm-]n-¸n-¡m³ tImÀUn-t\tä-gvkns\ Bh-iy-am-Wv. BZy-Im-e-§-

33


C³Ukv{Sn

C³U-kv{Sn-b FtÌ-äp-IÄ

sXmgn-emfn£maw Xncn-¨-Sn-bm-Ip¶p

60 50

{]-Xn-hÀ-jw 600 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS h-cp-am-\w BÀ-Ön-¡p-¶ AcqÀ C³U-kv{Sn-b FtÌ-änse Øm-]-\-§Ä \n-Ip-Xn C-\-¯n B-dp tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv kÀ-¡mÀ J-P-\m-hn-te-bv-¡v \Â-Ip-¶-Xv

40 30 20 10 0

Sn ]n {]im´v

am\-hhn-`-h ti-jn-bp-sS Im-cy¯n tem-I-¯n-se ]-e kq-Nn-I-

I-fnepw X-e-bp-bÀ-¯n \nÂ-¡p-¶ tIc-fw hym-h-kmbn-I cwK-¯v hf-sc ]n-¶n-emWv. Cu A-h-Ø-bv-¡v am-äw D-­≠m-I-W-sa-¶ e-£y-t¯m-sS-bm-Wv kÀ-¡mÀ C³-U-kv-{Sn-b F-kv-tä-äpIÄ-¡v Xp-S-¡-an-«Xv. C-Xn-sâ Nph-Sv ]nSn-¨v Xp-S§n-b ]-e hy-h-km-b-§Ä¡pw kw-Øm-\-¯n-sâ km-¼¯n-I A-Sn-¯-d-bv-¡v \nÀ-Wm-b-I-am-Ip-¶ X-c-¯n kw-`m-h-\-IÄ \Â-Im\pw I-gn-ªp. kw-Øm\-¯v C-Xp-h-sc 24 C³-U-kv-{Snb ]mÀ-¡p-IÄ Øm-]n -¡-s¸-«n-«p-≠v. {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 7800 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS sam-¯-h-cp-am\w t\-Sp-¶

Cu ta-J-e, 232 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS \n-IpXn-bm-Wv kwØm-\ J-P-\m-hn-te-bv-¡v \Â-Ip-¶-Xv. {]-Xy-£hpw ]-tcm-£hp-ambn 2.34 e-£w t]À-¡v sXm-gn \Â-Ip-¶pap≠v. C¯-cw Øm-]-\§sf th-≠hn-[-¯n ]-cn-]m-en-¡m³ \-½p-sS kÀ-¡m-cp-IÄ X-¿m-dm-Ip-¶pt≠m F-¶v ]-cn-tim[-nt¡-≠Xm-Wv. C-tX-¡p-dn-¨v F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tI-c-f \-S¯p¶ H-cp A-t\z-jWw. A-cqÀ C³-U-kv-{Sn-b F-kv-tääv 1965þ kw-Øm\¯v Øm-]n¡-s¸-« B-ZyIme hy-hkm-b ]mÀ¡p-I-fn H-¶m-Wv A-cqÀ C³-U-kv{Sn-b F-kv-tääv. B-e-¸p-g PnÃ-bp-sS h-S-t¡-b-ä-¯v tNÀ-¶v F-d-Wm-Ip-f-w PnÃ-bp-am-bn sXm-«p-cp-an \nÂ-¡p-¶ ko-

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34

60% A-cq-cn-se C³-Ukv{Sn taJ-e-bn tPm-en sN-¿p-¶ a-dp-\m S³sXm-gnem-fn-IÄ

40% a-Õy k-wkvI-c-W I-b-äpa-Xn A-cq-cnÂ

^pUv, F-³Pn\ob-dnw-Kv hy-h-km-b-§Ä DÄ-s¸-Sp-¶ Cu C³-U-kv-{So-b ta-J-e 50 G-¡-dn-em-bn hym-]n-¨p In-S-¡p-¶p. G-I-tZiw 52Hmfw hy-hkmb Øm-]-\§-fm-Wv C-hn-sS-bp-ÅXv. {]-Xn-hÀ-jw 600 tIm-Sn cq-]-bp-sS h-cp-am-\w BÀ-Ön¡p-¶ C-hn-Sp-s¯ hy-h-kmbØm-]-\§Ä \n-Ip-Xn C-\-¯n B-dp tIm-Sn cq-]-bm-Wv kÀ-¡mÀ J-P-\m-hn-te-bv-¡v \Â-Ip-¶-Xv. Gsd ]-cn-an-Xn-IÄ¡pw \n_-Ô-\-IÄ¡pw hn-t[-b-aps­≠¦nepw h-f-sc-b-[n-Iw B-kq-{X-W-t¯m-sSbpw Im-cy-£a-X-tbm-sS-bp-am-Wv Cu Øm-]-\§Ä {]-hÀ-¯n-¡p-¶-sX-¶v I-W-¡p-IÄ hy-à-am-¡p¶p. sXm-gn-em-fn- ZuÀ-e`yw cq-£w \n-ch-[n sXm-gn-e-h-k-c-§Ä D-≠mbn«pw A-cqÀ C³-U-kv-{Sn-b F-tÌ-änse hn-hn-[-§-fm-b bq-Wn-äp-I-fn C-¶v hn-ZKv-[cmb sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS ZuÀe`yw cq-£-am-Wv. sXm-gn-epd-¸v t]m-ep-Å ]-²-Xn-IÄ h-¶-t¸mÄ ChnSps¯ ta-J-e-bn-se a-Õy-kw-kvI-c-W ta-J-ebn Xs¶ sXm-gn-em-fnI-sf e-`n-¡m-¯ Øn-Xn-bm-Wp-ÅXv. cm-Py-s¯ a-Õyk-w kv-I-c-W I-b-äpa-Xn cw-K-¯v 40 i-X-am-\w A-cq-cn \n-¶p-Å kw-`m-h-\-bm-sW-¶v Iq-Sn ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-t¼m-gmWv Cu {]-Xnk-Ôn-bp-sS B-gw \-ap-¡v a-\-kn-em-Ip-I. th≠-{X sXm-gn-em-fnI-sf e-`y-aÃm-¯Xn-\m A-cq-cn-se hy-h-km-b taJe A-\y-kwØm\ sXm-gn-em-fn-I-sf-bm-Wv C-t¸mÄ {][m-\-ambpw B-{i-bn-¡p-¶-Xv. Xp-Ñam-b h-cp-am-\-¯n-\v a-e-bm-fn-IÄ A\y-\m-Sp-I-fn-te-bv-¡v h-≠n- I-b-dp-t¼mÄ A-dp-]-Xp-i-X-am-\-¯n-\v ap-I-fn a-dp-\m S³sXm-gn-em-fn-IÄ A-cq-cn-se C³-Ukv{Sn ta-J-e-bn tPm-en sN-¿p-¶p≠v. a-Õ-cm-[n-jvTn-X I-t¼m-f-¯n C-S-s]Sp-¶ Øm-]-\-§-fm-Wv C³-U-kv-{Sn-b F-tÌ-äp-I-fn-te-Xv F-¶Xp-sIm≠pX-s¶ A-h-bp-sS h-fÀ¨-sb k-lm-bn¡p-¶ ku-lmÀ-±-]-camb \-S-]-Sn-IÄ ssIs¡mtÅ≠Xv A-Xym-h-iy-amWv. sXm-gn-em-fn-I-fp-sS ZuÀ-e-`y-¯n\v ]-cnlm-c-sa-¶ \n-e-bv¡pw hÀ-²n-¨p-h-cp¶ sXm-gn-enÃmbv-a ]-cn-l-cn¡m \pw k-lm-b-I-c-am--Ip¶ sXm-gn dn-{Iq«v-saâ v co-Xn \-S-¸m-¡n-bm \n-ch-[n t]À-¡v am-\yamb sXm-gn e-`n-¡pw. C³-U-kv-{Sn-b ta-J-e-bn tdmUv, Np-äp-a-Xn \nÀ-½mWw, am-en-\y-kw-kvIc-W ¹mâpIÄ, h-gn-hn-f-¡v, Ip-Sn-sh-Åw Xp-S§nb A-SnØm-\ ku-I-cy-§Ä H-cp¡m³ ]n-]n-]n A-Sn-Øm-\-¯n ]²-Xn B-hn-jv-I-cn-¨n-cp¶p. Cu ]-²-Xn-bp-sS \n À-½m-W-hp-am-bn _-Ô-s¸-«v Nn-e D-tZymKØ ssI-I-S-¯-ep-Ifpw sa-sÃ-t]m¡pw Xncn-¨-Sn-bm-bn. \n-Ip-Xn-bp-sS \o-cm-fn-¸n-Sp¯w \n-Ip-Xn-bp-sS \o-cm-fn-¸n-Sp-¯-¯n \n¶pw Cu ta-Je-sb tam-Nn-¸n-¡-Wsa¶v hy-hkmbn-IÄ B-h-iy-s¸-Sp-¶p. hy-hkm-b Øm-]-\-§Ä ap-t¶m«p-

sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-¶-Xn-\v \n-e-hn ]-t¯mfw h-Ip-¸p-IÄ-¡v hy-h-km-bn-IÄ ^o-kv \ÂtI≠Xp≠-v. C-Xn-\p-]pd-sa X-t±-i `-c-W-Øm-]-\-§Ä-¡v sI«n-S \n-Ip-Xnbpw. hÀ-jm-hÀ-jw sse-k³-kv ]p-Xp¡Â F-¶ co-Xn aq-¶p-hÀ-j¯n-sem-cn¡embn am-äWsa¶ Bhiyw iàamWv. th­-­­≠Xv \-b-§-fp-sS s]m-fn-¨-gp¯v am-dn-h-cp-¶ kÀ¡mcp-IÄ ZoÀL-ho-£-W-anÃm-sX \-S-¸m-¡p-¶ Nne \-b-§fpw \n-e-hnepÅ \n-b-a§sf Im-temNn-X-am-bn ]-cn-jv-Icn-¡m³ X-¿m-dm-ImF-kv Poh³ ¯Xpw hy-hkm-b hn-I-k-\-¯n-\v X-S-kw kr-ãn-¡p-¶p. a-äv ta-J-e-I-fn {]m-b-am-bm hn-c-an¡mw F-¶Xp-t]mse H-cp hy-h-km-bn-sb kw-_-Ôn-¨v X-sâ ta-J-e-bn \n-¶v A§-s\ hn-c-an¡p-I F-fp-¸aÃ. C³U-kv-{Sn-b F-tÌ-äp-I-fn \n-e-hn hy-h-km-bw \-S-¯p-¶-hÀ Cu cw-Kw hn-s«m-gn-bp-t¼mÄ \n-e-hn-ep-Å C-Sw kÀ-¡m-cn-sâ X-s¶ taÂ-t\m-«-¯n hyh-km-bw G-sä-Sp-¡m³ X-¿m-dm-hp-¶ kwcw-`-Is\ GÂ-¸n-¡m-\p-Å km-l-Ncyw thWw. B Øn-Xn C-¶n-Ã, ]I-cw `q-an emâ v _m-¦ns\ Xn-cn-t¨Â-¸n-¡-W-sa¶m-Wv \n-b-aw. A-Xp-sIm≠pX-s¶ `m-hn hnI-k-\ km-²y-X-IÄ kz-]v-\w Im-Wp-¶ kw-cw-`I³ h-en-b- ap-XÂap-S-¡n-\v X-¿mdm-InÃ. CXv amdWsa¶v A-cqÀ C³-Ukv-{Sn-b A-tkm-kn-tb-j³ sk-{I«-dn tUm. F-kv Poh³ ]-d-ªp. X-an-gv-\mSv, Kp-P-dm-¯v, IÀ-Wm-S-I F-¶o kw-Øm-\§Ä kzo-I-cn-¡p-¶ \-S-]-Sn-IÄ tIc-fw am-Xr-I-bm-¡Ww. `q-an Xn-cn-s¨-Sp¡Â e-`n-¨ `q-an- A-Sp-¯ hn-I-k-\-L-«-¯n-\m-bn am-än h-bv-¡p-t¼mÄ A-Xv D-]-tbm-Kn-¡m-¯Xn-sâ t]-cn Xn-cn-s¨Sp-¡m-\p-Å \-S-]-Sn-IÄ h-Ip-¸v F-Sp-¡p¶Xv Cu cwK-¯v I-\-¯ _n AaÀ\mYv Xn-cn-¨-Sn-bm-bn-cn¡pw h-cp-¯p-I. A-cqÀ C³-U-kv-{Sn-b Fkv-tä-än \m-ep Øm-]-\-§-fp-sS `q-an Io-dn-ap-dn-¡m-\p-Å {i-aw D≠mbn. C-Xns\-Xn-sc hy-h-km-bn-IÄ \ÂIn-b tI-kv ssl-t¡m-S-Xn-bp-sS ]-cn-K-W\-bn-emWv. C-Xn-se H-cp tI-kn hyh-km-bn-IÄ-¡v A-\p-Iq-eam-b hn-[n-bp≠mbn. {]-hÀ¯-\-§Ä-¡n-S-bn {]-Xnk-Ôn t\-cn-Spt¼mÄ \n-e-hnse `q-anbpw hy-hkm-b bqWnäpw _m-¦n Cu-Sp-h-bv-¡p-¶-Xn-\p-Å k-ml-Ncyw D-≠m-IW-sa-¶v B-h-iy-s¸Sp-¶ k-aq-lw, C-Xn-\p-Å km-l-N-cy-ansÃ-¦n C³-U-kv-{Sn-b F-tÌ-äp-I-fn-se hy-h-km-b-§-fp-sS \n-e-\nÂ-¸n-\v ^-≠v \Â-Im-\p-Å km-l-N-cyw thW-sa-¶ B-h-iyhpw ap-t¶m-«p-h-bv-¡p-¶p. J-P-\mhn-te-bv-¡v \n-Ip-Xn-bn-\-¯n \-sÃm-cp Xp-I kw-`m-h-\ sN-¿p-¶ Cu hy-hkm-b k-aq-l-¯n-sâ B-h-iy-w ]-cn-K-Wn-¡-Wsa¶v s^-U-tdj³ Hm-^v C³-U-kv-{Sob F-tÌ-äv A-tkm-kn-tbj³ (FIEA) kwØm-\ I¬-ho-\À A-Uz. _n A-aÀ\m-Yv F-aÀ-Pn-Mv tIc-f-tbm-Sv ]-d-ªp. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


kv{Xoiàn tIc-f-¯nse BZy h\nXm sF än kwcw-`I, Z£n-tW-´y-bnse Xs¶ anI¨ sF än dosäbv Øm]-\-¯nsâ kmc-Yn, aäv sF än A\p-_-Ô-Øm]-\-§-fpsS `c-WNp-a-X-e, tIc-f¯n-sem-«msI ] t¯mfw Hm^okp-IÄ, F®qtdmfw UoeÀamÀ, joPmkv sF än amfnsâ amt\-PnMv Ub-d-Ivädpw, kn C Hbpamb joP sPbvtam³ Xnc-¡nem-Wv.

IT

tIc-f-¯nsâ

h\nX e£van \mcm-b-W³, kpanX sI

sF än cwKs¯ {ZpX-KXn-bn-epÅ Ne-\-§Ä¡-\p-kr--X-

ambn temIw amdn-s¡m≠ncn¡p-¶p. temI-¯nsâ hnI-k\ Ne-\-§sf hnc¯p-¼nse "aukv ¢n-¡nÂ' HXp-¡p¶ Cu amä-¯n\v tIc-f¯n Np¡m³ ]nSn-¡p¶Xv joPm sPbvtam³ F¶ h\n-X-bm-Wv. h\n Xm kwcw-`-IÀ s]mXpsh IS-¶p-hcm³ aSn-¡p¶ sF än cwK-t¯¡v Ignª 20 hÀj-ambn Xsâ iàamb km¶n[yw sXfn-bn¨v apt¶dnb joP, 2011  joPmkv sF än amfnsâ Bcw-`-t¯msS, sF än cwK¯v ià-am-sbmcp dos«bv {_m³Uv Øm]n-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. {]k-¶-X-bmÀ¶ hyàn-Xzw, Bib-hn-\n-a-b- an-I-hv, AXn-thKw DNnX-amb Xocpam-\-§Ä FSp-¡m-\pÅ Ign-hv, Ch-bmWv sF än kwcw-`-IcpsS ap³\n-c-bn-te¡v joPsb \ bn-¨-Xv. _nkn-\kv ]mc¼cysam¶pw CÃm¯ IpSpw-_-¯n \n¶p-amWv Z£ntW´y-bnse anI¨ sF än amfnsâ kmc-Yy-¯n-te¡v joPsb-¯p-¶-Xv. ]cm-P-b-§Ä t\ cn-«n-«n-sÃ-¦nepw {]Xn-k-Ôn-IÄ kzbw XcWw sNbvXp-sIm≠pÅ bm{Xþkwcw-`-I-Xz-¯nsâ ]e- L-«§tfbpw ]n¶n«v Xsâ {]Øm-\ s¯ sF än taJ-ebnse ap³\n c kwcw-`-am-¡m³ jo-P-bv¡mbn. sF än cwK-t¯-¡v L«w 1992 emWv joP sF än cwK¯v {] th-in-¡p-¶-Xv. Be¸p-g, tNÀ¯-e-bnse hoSn-t\m-S-\p-_-Ôn¨v ktlm-Z-c³ tdmbv tPmkv Ip«n-IÄ¡v I¼yq«À s{Sbn\nwKv Ah-k-csam-cp-¡n-s¡m≠v sNdnb coXn-bn \S-¯nbn-cp¶ Iw]yq-«À Øm]-\-

1

FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

tbm¬ knÌwkv F¶ t]cn sIm¨n-bn ]pXn-sbmcp Øm]-\-¯n\v XpS¡w Ipdn-¨p. Hcp kw-cw-`-I-bpsS t\XrKpWw joP ]qÀ®-ambpw sXfn-bn-¨Xv t\mhn-tbm-Wnsâ {] hÀ¯-\-¯n-eq-sS-bm-bn-cp-¶p. ] Àt¨kv apX hnXcWw hsc kz´w taÂt\m-«-¯nÂ, I¼-\nbnse FÃm Aw-K-§-fp-ambpw kpZrUamb _Ôw, tIm¬s^-d³kpI-fn-te-bpw, IÌwkv aoäntebpw kPoh km¶n-[yw. joP-bp-sSbpw sPbvtam-sâbpw {]hÀ¯-\-an-I-hneqsS Npcp-§nb hÀj-§Ä sIm≠v tIc-f-¯n-sem-«msI 10  ]cw {_m ©p-IÄ Øm]n-¡m³ t\mhn-tbm-Wn\m-bn. joPmkv sF än amÄ L«w t\mhn-tbm-Wnsâ anI¨ hnP-b-t¯msS Z£n-tW-´y-bn Xs¶ hyXy-kvX-amb sF än amÄ F¶ k¦Â¸w DSse-Sp-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp-¶p. 2011  joPm kv sF än amÄ F¶ t]cn B k¦Â¸w bmYmÀ°y-am-b-tXmsS, tIc-f-¯nse BZy h³InS sF än kwcw-`I F¶ t]cv joPbv¡v kz´-ambn. Z£n-tW-´y-bnse anI¨ sF än dos«bv Øm]\w, 800  ]cw UoeÀamÀ, FÃm-hn[ temtIm-¯c {_m³Up-IfptSbpw e`y-X, anI¨ hn¸-\m-\´-c- tkh\w CsXÃmw apX Iq«m¡n tIcf-¯nsâ sF än dos«bv cwKs¯ \nb-{´n¡pIbmWv, amt\-PnMv Ub-d-IväÀ Øm\¯p \n¶v joPm

4

sPbvtam³.

anI¨ hyàn-Xzw, an-I¨ hnPbw {]Xn-k-Ôn-I-fn IqSp-X Icp¯mÀÖn-¡p¶p F¶-XmWv joPbpsS hnPb cl-kyw. ""]Ws¯ ap³ \nÀ¯n Rm³ _nkn-\-Êns\ ImWm-dn-Ã. _nkn-\-Ên \qdp-iX-am\w BßmÀ°-Xbpw kXy-kÔ-Xbpw ]peÀ¯p¶ hyàn-bmWv Rm³. Hcp kv{Xo kwcw-`I F¶ \ne-bn t\«-§fpw AXn-t\msSm¸w tIm«-§fpw D≠-v. kv{Xo iàn _nkn-\-Ên ]n³_-e-ta-Ipt¼mÄ, IpSpw-_n\n F¶ \ne-bn IpSpw-_-hp-sam-¯pÅ ]e \à \nanj-§fpw \jvS-s¸-Sp-¶p.- h-fÀ¨-bpsS hnhn[ L«-§-fn a¡Äs¡m-¸ap≠m-hpI F¶-XmWv A½ F¶ \ne-bn Hcp kv{XobpsS hnPbw. _nkn-\-Ên IpSpw-_mw-K-§-fpsS ]qÀ®-]n-´p-W-bp-ÅXv sIm≠v F\n-¡-Xn\p km[n-¡p-¶p,'' joP sPbvtam³ FaÀPnMv tIc-f-tbmSv hyà-am-¡n. sF än dos«bv cwK¯v C´ybnse Xs¶ \¼À h¬ {_m³UmIpI F¶ e£y-t¯msS tIcf-¯nepw ]pd-¯p-ambn ]pXnb {_m³Up-IÄ Xpd-¡m-\pÅ ]²-Xnbn-emWv joPmkv sF än amÄ. tIcf-¯n Xncp-h-\´-]p-cw, XrÈqÀ, tImgn-t¡mSv PnÃ-I-fn joPmkv sF än amfnsâ {_m©p-IÄ DS³ {]hÀ¯-\-am-cw-`n¡pw.

¯nsâ taÂt\m« Npa-Xe joPbv¡m-bn-cp¶p. A¶v ktlm-Z-c-§Ä c≠pt]cpw hnZymÀ°n-IÄ, Un{Kn hnZymÀ°n-bm-bncp¶ joP B Ah-kcw ^e-{]-Z-ambn hn\n-tbmKn-¨p. Iw]yq-«À C³Ìnäyq-«nsâ tkh\w ASp-¯p-Å- kvIq-fpIfnte-¡v hym]n-¸n¨p. kq¸À tkm^väv C³Ìn-äyq-«v Hm^v C³^À--ta-j³ sSIvt\m-fPn F¶ t]cn B Øm]\w hnP-bn-¨-tXmsS, Iw]yq«-dn-s\-¡p-dn¨pw Iw]yq-«À Akw»nw-Kn-s\-¡p-dn¨pw B[n-Im-cn-Iambn joP ]T\w \S-¯n. sF än cwKs¯ joP-bpsS At\z-jWw sNs¶-¯n-bXv Iw]yq-«À Akw»nwKn\mbn Hcp Øm]\w F¶ Bi-b-¯n-te-¡mWv. L«w kwcw-`-¯n-te¡v 1993  Iw]yq-«À Akw-»nwKv cwK-s¯ `oa³amÀ¡n-S-bn-te¡v, Ipdª Nne-hn Iw ]yq-«À F¶ Bi-bt¯msS, tIc-f-¯nse BZys¯ Iw]yq-«À Akw-»nwKv {_m³Unsâ DS-a-I-fmbn joPbpw ktlm-Z-c³ tdmbnbpw, "sk\n-t¡m¬' PCs F¶ t]cn sIm¨n BØm-\ambn¯pS-§nb B kwcw`w h³ hnP-b-am-bn-cp-¶p. F Pn, ssat{Imtkm^väv, FbvkÀ XpS-§n {]apJ {_m³Up-Isf Hcp IpS-¡o-gn sIm≠phcm³ AhÀ¡m-bn. L«w t\mhn-tbm¬ 1997  sPbvtams\ hnhmlw Ign-¨-tXm-sSbmWv kwcw-`I F¶ \ne-bn {it²-b-amb hgn-¯n-cn-hp≠mIp¶-Xv. Htc taJ-e-bn {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp¶ sPbvtam³ joP-bpsS kwcw-`-IXz-¯n\v ]qÀ® ]n´-pW \ÂIn. sPbvtam-\p-ambn tNÀ¶v t\mhn-

2

3

35


amt\Pvsaâ v

a

\-sk¶v ]d-bp-t¼mÄ km[m-cW \½Ä ]d-bp-¶Xn-\-¸p-dw D]-t_m-[-a-\-kns\ Ipdn¨mWv, AXnsâ A\-´-km-[y-X-Isf Ipdn-¨mWv Nn´n-t¡≠Xv. AXn-\-I-¯mWv icn-¡p-ff t{]m{Km-anwKv \S-¡p-¶Xv. \½sf \bn-¡p-¶Xpw AXm-Wv. 90 iX-am-\hpw D]-t_m[-a-\-knsâ iàn-bn-emWv \mw Pohn-¡p¶-Xv. DWÀ¶n-cn-¡p-t¼mÄ am{X-amWv t_m[-a-\kv {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xv. \½Ä Nn{X-§-fmbn ImWp-¶sXÃmw t]mIp-¶Xv D]-t_m-[-a-\-kn-te-¡m-Wv. kz]v \w ImWp-¶Xpw AhnsS Xs¶. temIs¯ Gähpw henb sI«nSamb _pÀPv Jeo-^bpw a\p-jys\ amän-a-dn¨ ]e \mgn-I-¡-Ãp-I-fp-saÃmw cq]-s¸-«Xv a\p-jy-cpsS D]-t_m-[-a-\-kn-em-Wv. a\p-jy-a-\-kn-\I-¯p-ff Hcn-¡epw häm¯ DuÀPs¯ ]mgm-bn-t¸mImsX hcp-Xn-bn-em-¡p-I-bmWv Hcmsf kw_-Ôn-s¨Sp-t¯mfw Gähpw {][m-\-s¸« Imcyw. a\-kns\ \nb-{´n-¡pI \½psS ico-c-¯n-\-I¯v ssh-dkv Ib-dn-bm AXns\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-¡m³ Ft¸mgpw icocw Xbm-dm-

tUm ]n ]n hnP-b³

Xncn-¨-dn-bpI, a\-knsâ

A\´ km[y-X-IÄ bn-cn-¡p-w. F¶m \½Ä hnIm-c-§Ä¡-Sn-a-s¸«v a\ kv XIÀ¶v t]mIp¶ Ah-Ø-bn s]s«-¶v Xs¶ tcmKw ico-cs¯ Iogvs¸-Sp-¯pw. a\p-jy\v kw`-hn¡p¶ Akp-J-§-fn an¡-hbpw am\knIP-\y-tcmK§fmWv. a\-kns\ \nb-{´n-¨m H«p-an¡ tcmK-§fn \n¶pw \ap¡v apàn-t\-Sm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. F¶m tIhew Hcp iX-am\w Bfp-IÄ¡v am{Xta D]-t_m[-a-\-knsâ iàn D]-tbm-Kn-¡m³ km[n-¡p-¶p-f-fq.

ImcWw A{X-t]À¡v am{Xta Dd¨ e£y-ap-≠m-Ip¶pffq. e£yw bmYmÀ°y-am-¡m³ kz]v\w ImWpI, \nc-´-c-ambn kz]v\w ImWp-I. At¸mÄ AXv bmYmÀ°y-am-Ipw. \n§Äs¡mcp kwcw-`-I-\m-I-W-sa¦nepw \nc-´-c-ambn AXv Nn´n-¡pI, XoÀ¨-bmbpw \n§Ä kwcw-`-I-\mbn amdpw.- Po-hn-X-¯n hnP-bn¡p-¶-hÀ¡v e£yw kz]v\-hp-ambn _Ôn-¸n-¡m³ km[n-¡p-¶p. ]X-RvPen alÀjn ]d-ª-tXmÀ¡pI:

NEWS BIT

hkp-Ôc ktcm-hÀ {]oan-bÀ dntkmÀ«v {]hÀ¯\w XpS§n

U Âln BØm-\-amb ktcm-hÀ tlm«ensâ ]pXnb ]©-\-£{X

dntkmÀ«v hkp-Ôc ktcm-hÀ {]o an-bÀ Be-¸p-g-bnse tNÀ¯-e-bv¡v kao]w hb-emdn FIvsskkv hIp¸v a{´n sI _m_p DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. th¼-\m-Snsâ imJ-bmb Hf-Xe Imb-en\v A`n-ap-J-ambn kp¸o-cn-bÀ, Uoe-Ivkv, sldn-tä-Pv F¶o hn`mK-§-fn 60 kyq«p-IÄ ChnsS Hcp¡n-bn-cn¡p¶p. \mep-sI«pw tImhne-Ihpw \Sp-ap-ähpw Xpf-kn-¯-dbpw DÄs¸-Sp¶ ]mc-¼-cy-¯-\n-a-bpÅ tIc-fob hmkvXp inev] ssienbmWv Ah-ew-_n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶X -- v. ct≠¡À hnkvXr-Xn-bp-Å kzm`mhnI Pem-i-b-¯n HgpIn \S-¡p¶ ^vtfm«nMv tImt«-Pp-IÄ, ioXoIrX lukv t_m«v, kv]oUv t_m«v,

36

AXym-[p-\nI BbpÀthZ kv]m, aÕy-hn-`-h-§fpsS Ie-h-d-bmb sN½o³ `£-Wim-e, aZnc aZyim-e, -k-^-bÀ tIm^n tjm¸v, anÌnIv kvss]kv sdtÌm-dâ v, \o ´ÂIp-fw, tbmKm-tI{µw, kÀÆ-kÖ-amb Pow, Ip«n-IÄ¡pÅ hnt\m-Z-tI{µw F¶n-hbpw hkp-Ô-c-bpsS khn-tij-X-I-fm-Wv. tIc-f-¯n ]pXp-Xmbn IqSp-X kwc-w`-§Ä¡v XpS-¡-an-Sm³ B{Kln-¡p-¶-Xmbn hkp-Ôc {Kq¸v amt\PnMv Ub-d-IvSÀ ]n hmkptZh \pw At±-l-¯nsâ ]p{X\pw {Kq¸v kmc-Yn-bp-amb {]im´v hmkp-tZ-h \pw FaÀPnMv tIc-f-tbmSv ]d-ªp. Be-¸p-g-bnse Xqd-hq-cn Hcp ss] XrI hntÃPv, ]me-¡mSv sImSp¼n 16 G¡-dn 12 tImt«-Pp-IÄ AS-§p¶ BbpÀthZ dntkmÀ«v, a®mÀ¡m-Sn-\-Sp¯v kml-knI hn t\mZ k©m-cn-IÄ¡mbn s{S¡nMv kwhn-[m-\-apÄs¸-sS-bp-Å- tI{µw F¶n-h-bmWv {Kq¸nsâ kz]v\ ]²-Xn-I-sf¶pw Ccp-hcpw ]d-ªp.

Hcp A\-\y-km-[m-cW e£yw \n§-fpsS a\-kn-te¡v Ib-dn-¡-gn-ªm _Ô-\-§-fn \n¶v \n§-fpsS a\ kv s]m«n-t¸m-Ipw. \n§Ä ]pXn-sbmcp temI-s¯-¯pw. AXp-sIm≠v A¯-c-¯n-semcp e£yw \n§-fpsS a\kn-te¡v IS-¯p-I. \n§-sf-´mtWm Nn´n-¡p-¶-Xv, AXmWv \n§Ä. CsX-t¸mgpw HmÀ¯n-cn-¡p-I. a\-knte¡v henb henb Nn´-IÄ sIm≠p-h-¶m \n §Ä¡v ]pXnb Hcp temIw krjvSn-¡m-\m-Ipw. DgpXp-adn¨ `qan-t]m-se-bmWv a\-kv. AXns\ GXv Xc-¯n thW-sa-¦nepw D]-tbm-Kn-¡m³ km[n-¡p-sa-¶v Xncn-¨dn-bp-I. ({]ikvX ssa³Uv ]hÀ s{Sbv\-dmWv teJ-I³)

\n§Ä¡p-amImw

Hcp \Ã amt\-PÀ...

!

GsXmcp hyh-km-b-s¯bpw \bn-¡-p ¶ Hcp amt\-P-cm-IpI F¶Xv ­Htc t]m se Bkzm-Zy-I-chpw {]b-Xv\-I-c-hp-amb Hcp tPmen-bm-Wv. tae-[n-Im-cn-I-tfmSpw, kl-{]-hÀ¯-I-tcmSpw tbmPn¨v {]hÀ ¯n-¡p¶, kzoIm-cy-\mb Hcp amt\-P-cmIm³ CXm 8 hgn-IÄ.

1. \n§-fpsS sXmgn \¶mbn sN-¿pI: kzbw sNbvXp XoÀt¡≠­tPmen IrXyambn sN¿p¶ Hcp hyàn¡pam{X-ta, Xmtg-¡n-S-bn-epÅ tPmen-¡msc amt\Pv sN¿m³ km[n-¡p-I-bp-Åp. Xsâ tPm en aäp-Å-h-sc-s¡m≠v sN¿n-¡p-¶Xv \ sÃmcp amt\-PÀ¡v tNÀ¶-X-Ã. 2. t]mkn-äohv at\m-`mhw hfÀ¯pI: X\n¡p Iogn-epÅ sXmgn-em-fn-I-fn-epw, sXmgn-enepw Ft¸mgpw Hcp t]mkn-äohv at\m-`mhw ImWp-I. hnP-b-§Ä ImWmsX ]cm-P-b-§sf am{Xw Nq≠n¡m«p¶ Hcp "apX-emfn' BIm-Xn-cn-¡m³ {ian¡Ww. 3. kXy-k-Ô-cm-IpI: X§-fpsS sXäpIÄ kzbw AwKo-I-cn-¡m\pw Xncp-¯m \pw X¿m-dm-hp-¶-tXm-sSm¸w I¼\n-¡mcy-§fnepw, Pohn-X-co-Xn-bnepw kl-{]hÀ¯-I-tcmSv 100% kXy-k-Ô-cm-Im\pw Ign-b-Ww. 4. sXmgn-em-fn-IÄs¡m¸w: amt\-PÀ sXmgn-em-fn-I-tfmSv tNÀ¶v, Ah-cpsS {]

iv\-§Ä a\-kn-em-¡p-Ibpw ]cn-lm-c§Ä Is≠¯pIbpw sN¿p-¶Xv kzoImcy-X-tbm-sSm-¸w, sXmgn _Ô-§Ä kpZrV-am-Ip-¶-Xn\pw klm-bn-¡p-¶p. 5. amXr-I-bm-IpI: kzbw amXr-I-bmIp¶tXmsSm¸w, Cu cwK¯p hnP-bn-¨-hcpsS ]mT-§fpw amXr-I-bm-¡p-I. 6. kzbw {i²m-ep-hm-IpI: kwkm-c-¯nepw {]hÀ¯n-bn-epw D¶-X- D-tZym-KØ-tcm-Spw Xmtg-¡n-S-bn-epÅ sXmgn-emfn-I-tfmSpw At§-bäw {i²m-ep-hm-bn-cn¡-Ww. amt\-PÀ F¶ \ne-bn \n§fpsS kwkm-c-co-Xn-I-fpw, {]hÀ¯n-Ifpw aäp-Å-hsc kzm[o-\n-¡p-¶ps≠¶v \mw a\-kn-em-¡-Ww. 7. kt´m-j-am-bn-cn-¡pI: tPmen Øe¯v, Ft¸mgpw kt´mjw \ne-\n À¯p-¶Xv, am\-knI k½À±w Hgn-hm¡p-¶p. AtXm-sSm¸w kc-k-\mb Hcp amt\-PÀ sXmgnem-fn-IÄ¡v {]m]y-\pw, kpJ-amb sXmgn kml-N-cyw krjvSn¡p-¶-h-cp-am-bn¯ocpw. 8. kzbw hniz-kn-¡pI: Hmtcm Znh-k¯n-sâbpw Ah-km-\w -kzbw hne-bn-cp¯m-\pw, sXäp-IÄ Is≠¯m\pw hn\n tbm-Kn-¡p-I. kz´w Ign-hn-epÅ ASn-bp-d¨ hnizmkw Hcp amt\-Pscbpw AXneqsS I¼-\n-tbbpw IqSp-X hnP-b-¯nte¡v \bn-¡pw. FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


{]hmkn

sat{Sm \K-c-§ " Ä Iog-S¡n

"knän-am³' 26,000 CRORE

tI{µam¡n {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp¶ ]pcpj hkv{X -\nÀ½mW I¼-\n-bmb "knänam³' kt´mjv GsäSp¯p. \nt£]w Hcp e£w cq]. "knän-am³' jÀ«p-IÄ F¶ {_m³Uv tIc-f-¯n Xcw-K-a-m-¡m³ Ign-ªtXmsS, Z£n-tW-´y-bnse tImÀ¸-tdäv cwK¯v, h³ hyh-km-bn-I-fpsS Iq«-¯n kt´mjv Øm\w ]nSn-¨p. At¸mÄ At±l¯n\v 23 hbkv am{Xw. amt\-Pvsaânse ]mI-¸n-g-IÄ aqew 1990 IfpsS A´y-t¯msS "knänam³' h³ IS_m[yX-bnem-bn. Ahn-izk\o-b-amb XIÀ¨, F¶m ]cm-P-b§fn \n ¶pw IqSp-X Icp¯mÀÖn¡m\m Wv Cu a-e-bmfn {ian¨-Xv.

kt´mjv tPmk^v Ct¸mÄ Zp_m bv \K-c-¯n 26,000 tImSn cq] sNehn«v \nÀ½n¡p¶ Zp_mbv t]Ä F¶ kz]v\ ]²-XnbpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq-«ohv Hm^o-k-dm-Wv

Ahn-iz-k-\o-b-amb XIÀ¨-bn -\n ¶pw, Hcp ^o\nIvkv ]£nsb t]m

se DbÀ¨-bn-te-¡pÅ bm{X. 20 tImSn- cq]bpsS _m[y-X-bp-ambn {] hm-kn-IÄ¡n-S-bn-te¡p ]d-¶n-d§nb, kt´mjv tPmk^v Ct¸mÄ Zp_mbv \K-c-¯n 26,000 tImSn cq] sNehn«v \nÀ½n-¡p¶ "Zp_mbv t]Ä'F¶ kz]v\ ]²-Xn-bpsS No^v FIvkn-Iyq«ohv Hm^o-k-dm-Wv. _pÀPv Jeo-^bpw, ]mwPpssa-d bpw krjvSn¨ AÛp-X-¡m-gvN-IÄ¡v hncm-a-anSpw ap³]p- Xs¶, BUw_-c-¯n-sâbpw AÛp-X-¯nsâbpw asämcp temIw krjvSn¨v temI-cm-jv{S§Ä¡n-S-bn {it²-b-am-Ip-I-bmWv Zp_mbv \K-cw. "Zp_mbv t]Ä' F¶ kz]v\-]-²-Xnsb hyXy-kvX-am-¡p-¶Xv temI-¯nsâ GsXmcp tImWnepw ImWm-\m-Ip-sa¶v ]d-b-s¸Sp¶ ae-bm-

fn-bpsS km¶n-[y-amWv. 48 Imc-\mb kt´mjv tPmk^v, 26,000 tImSncq]bpsS kz]v\-]-²-Xn-bpsS kmcYyw hln-¡p-t¼mÄ AXv tIc-f-¯n\pw AXnep-]cn tIm«-bw-ImÀ¡pw A`n-am\-¯nsâ \nan-j-§-fm-Wv. ISp¯ ] cm-P-b-§-fn ]X-dm-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw hnP-b-¯n ASn-bp-d¨v hniz-kn-¨-XpamWv Cu {]hmkn kwcw-`-Isâ hnPb-c-l-kyw. ]qPy-¯n \n¶p-am-bn-cp¶p Cu N§-\m-ti-cn-¡mcsâ XpS¡w. 1984  tIm«-b¯v \mev sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpambn UtbmUv sSbvtegvkv F¶ Øm]\w Bcw-`n-¨p. hkv{X-§Ä HmÀUÀ A\p-k-cn¨v Xbv¨p sImSp¯ncp¶ Øm]\w, kt´mjv Xsâ ØntcmÕml-hpw, {]hÀ¯-\-£-aXbpw sIm≠v hfÀ¯n-sb-Sp-¯p. ]n¶oSv hnkva-bn-¸n-¡p¶ hfÀ¨-bm-bncp¶p. 1988  apwss_

Dd¨hnizm-khpw ]p¯³ hnP-bkz-]v\-§-fp-ambn 2000-¯n tZml-bn hnam-\-an-d-§nb Cu {]hm-knsb Im¯ncp-¶-Xv hnP-b-¯nsâ Zn-\-§-fmWv.

tZml-bn Hcp _n-kn-\kv {Kq¸nsâ klm-b-t¯msS Øm]n¨ tImÄskâdn \n¶p-amWv kwcw-`-I³ -F¶ \nebnse -Xp-S¡w. C³tUmÀ, Hu«vtUmÀ ] ckyw, saUn-¡Â, eoK {Sm³kv{In-]v j³ XpS-§nb Hu«vtkm-gvknwKv I¼\n, F¶nh Zp_mbv CâÀs\äv knänbn Npcp-§nb ImewsIm≠v h³ hnPbw I≠p. XpSÀ¶v sdtÌmdâ v sNbn³, sse^v skäÀ amt\-Pvsaâ v I¼\n XpS-§n sXm«-sXÃmw s]m¶m-¡p¶ hnPbw. dnb FtÌäv cwK-t¯¡v {] thin¨tXmsS hnPbw XpSÀ¡-Y-bm¡nb kt´mjv KÄ^v cmPy-§-fn Xsâ _nkn-\kv km{amPy-¯nsâ thcp-d-¸n-¨p. F Z L L C F¶ I¼-\n¡pw, ^mlnw {Kq¸n\pw H¸w tNÀ¶v BUw_-c- ]mÀ¸n-S -k-ap-¨bw F¶ Bibw "Zp_mbv t]Ä-' F¶ t]cn k-t´mjv tPmk^v AÀ°-h-¯m-¡p-Ibm-Wv. 40 G¡-dnÂ, 26,000 tImSn cq]-bpsS ]²-Xn-bmb "Zp_mbv t]Ä' kvssI ]m e-kp-IÄ, tImta-gvky Hm^o-kp-IÄ, tIm¬^-d-kv, I¬sh¬j³ skâ-dpIÄ, Bip-]-{Xn-IÄ, Is^, dosäbv Hu«veäp-IÄ XpS§n H«-\-h[n sI«n-S-§fpsS BsI¯pI-bm-Wv. temtIm-¯c \ne-hm-c-¯nÂ, ]m À¸nS \nÀ½mW Ncn-{X-¯n Xs¶ H¶m-as¯ BUw-_c ]mÀ¸nS kap-¨b-amb "Zp_mbv t]fn-'eqsS kt´mjv tPmk^v ]pXn-b- D-b-c-§Ä IogS-¡p-Ibm-Wv. Hcp e£w cq]-bpsS {]mY-anI \nt£]w, ]n¶oSv 20 tImSn- cq]-bpsS _m[y-X. -B-ß-hn-izmkw apX¡q-«-mb-t¸mÄ, C¶v 26,000 tImSn- cq]-bpsS kz]v\-]-²-Xn-bpsS Xe-¸-¯v... AXmWv kt´mjv tPmk^v F¶ {]hmkn kwcw-`-I³.

{]hm-kn-I-fpsS \nt£] Ie-h-d-bmbv tIcfw tIc-f-¯n- h³ \nt£-]-¯n-s\mC ´y-bnse aäp kwØm-\-§sf cp-§p¶ {]hm-kn-IÄ Nne Imcy-§Ä At]-£n¨v {]hmkn \nt£]§Ä¡v IqSp-X {i²n-¡Ww: Gähpw \à hnf-`q-an-bmbn tIcfw amdnsIm≠n-cn-¡p-¶p. 2 Zi-e-£-t¯mfw hcp¶ tIcf {]hm-kn-I-fn 85 iX-am\-hpw KÄ^v cmPy-§-fn \n¶pÅhcm-Wv. kzImcy, s]mXp-ta-Je _m¦p-I-fneq-sS-bpÅ F³ BÀ sF \n t£-]-§Ä 329 _ney¬ Ihn-ªp. tIc-f-¯nse 55,000 tImSn-bn-tesd hne-a-Xn-¡p¶ {]hmkn \nt£-]§-fn ]Ip-Xnbpw ae-bm-fn-IÄ¡p kz´w. dnb FtÌäv cwK-amWv ae-bm-fn-Isf Imem-Im-e-§-fmbn BIÀjn-¡p-¶-Xv. C³U-kv{Sn-b ]mÀ¡v, sF.Sn F¶n-hsb ap³\nÀ¯n tIcf kÀ¡mÀ h³ {]hmkn \nt£-]-§fmWv tIc-f-¯n-tes¡¯n-¡m³ {ian¡p-¶-Xv.

FaÀ-Pn-Mv tIcf t sabv 2012

]Ww \nt£-]n-¡m\ptZ-in-¡p¶ taJ-esb¡pdn-¨pÅ \nb-tam]-tZiw, SmIvkv \n_-Ô-\-IÄ, IÌw-kv, FIvssk-kv, F¶n-h-sb¡p-dn-¨pÅ ]cn-Úm\w F¶nh AXym-h-iy-am-Wv. hniz-k-\o-b-amb \nb-a-þ-[-\-Imcy D]-tZ-iIs\ Is≠¯n, tIc-f¯nse hyh-km-bnI km[y-X-Isf ap³\nÀ¯n ]T-\w \S-¯p-I. ]m³ ImÀUv kz´-am-¡pI. F³ BÀ sF \nt£-]-¯nsâ Ahn-`mPy-L-S-I-amWv ]m³ F¶-dn-bp-I. _m¦n F³ BÀ sF F¡u≠v Xpd-¡p-¶-tXmsS, k¼m-Zy-¯ntâbpw \nt£-]-¯ntâbpw {Ibhn-{I-b-§Ä IqSp-X kpXm-cy-amIp-¶p.

37


FâÀsS-bv³saâ v

IqSp-X kwXr]vXn \nÀ½m-Xm-hnsâ tdmfn jm\n sI

apwss_-bnse apÉnw IpSpw-_-¯n P\\w... hÀj-§Ä¡p-ap¼v kn\n-amtam-l-§Ä s\©n-te-än-bmWv Jpiv_p sNss¶-bn-te¡v Xoh≠n Ib-dn-b-Xv. {]mY-anI hnZym-`ymkw am{Xw ssIap-Xem-¡n, Bß-hn-izm-kt¯msS kn\nasb kao-]n¨ Jpiv_phns\ kn\n-amtem-Iw ssIsh-Sn-ªn-Ã. BZy kn\n a apX sX¶n-´y-bnse ap³\nc \S·m-cmb Ia-e-lm-k³, cP-\o-Im-´v, hn jvWp-hÀ²³, taml³emÂ, a½q«n Xp S-§n-b-h-cpsS \mbn-I-bmbn shÅn-¯n-cbn H¶n-\p-]n-dsI asäm¶mbn Ah-k-c§-Ä Jpiv_p-hns\ tXSn-sb-¯n. A`n-t\{Xn F¶-Xn-\p-]p-dsa, s{]m UyqkÀ, Ah-Xm-c-I, cmjv{Sob {] hÀ¯-I, kmaq-ly-{]-hÀ¯-I, "Ahv\n kn\n-amIvkv' F¶ s{]mU-£³ luknsâ Fw.Un XpS-§nb \nc-h[n tdmfp-I-fmWv Jpiv_p Pohn-X-¯n ssIIm-cyw-sN-¿p-¶Xv. Xsâ ImgvN¸m-Sp-IÄ FaÀPnMv tIc-f-bp-ambn Jpiv_p ]¦p-h-bv¡p-¶p. sX¶n-´y³ kn\n-a-I-fn \nd-ªp\n-¶n-cp¶ Hcp \Sn F¶ \ne-bn kn\na F¶ am[y-as¯ t\m¡n-¡mWp-¶Xv F§-s\-bmWv? kn\na hnt\m-Z-¯n\v DÅ D]m-[n-

bm-Wv. AXn\v hcpw- X-e-apd-sb kzm[o\n-¡m³ Ign-bp-sa¶v Rm³ hnizkn-¡p-¶n-Ã. atä-sXmcp hnt\m-tZm]m-Xnsbt¸msebpw kn\n-asb I≠m aXn. Cu ASp-¯-Im-e¯v Xm¦Ä cmjv{Sob {]th-i\w \S-¯pIbp­ ≠mbn. cmjv{So-bs¯ F§-s\ -hnebn-cp-¯p-¶-p? C´y-sb-t¸m-epÅ henb Hcp P\m-[n-]-Xy-cm-Py-¯n P\-§sf tkhn-¡m-\pÅ Gähpw \à amÀKw cmjv{Sob{]hÀ¯\w Xs¶. hnhn[ {Kma-{]-tZ-i-§-fn Xma-kn-¡p¶ -P\-X-bpsS t£aw Zn\w-{]Xn Adn-bpI AsÃ-¦n At\z-jn-¡pI F¶Xv _p ²n-ap-«pÅ Imcy-am-Wv. ]t£, \n§Ä GsX-¦nepw cmjv{So-b-]mÀ«n-bpsS `mK-am-sW-¦nÂ, Ah-cpsS s\ävhÀ¡v hgn {KmaoW P\-X-bpsS Hmtcm kv] µ-\hpw \n§Ä¡v Adn-bm³ Ign-bpw.

cmjv{So-b-t\-Xmhv F¶-Xn-t\¡mfpw cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯I F¶ t]cn Adn-b-s¸-Sm\m Wv CjvS-s¸-Sp-¶-Xv. A`n-t\{Xn apX cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯-I hsc \nc-h[n tdm fp-I-fmWv Xm¦Ä ssIImcyw sN¿p-¶-Xv. Hmtcm tdmfpw `wKnbmbn ssIImcyw sN¿p-¶-Xnsâ hnP-bc-lkyw F´mWv? \½psS Ignhpw Ign-hp-tISpw Xncn-¨-dn-bpI F¶-XmWv {][m-\-w. kz´w Ign-hn-epÅ hnizmkw e£y-¯n-te-¡pÅ {]bm-W-¯n\v Icp-¯p-]-Icpw. \mw \mam-hm³ {ian-¡pI, At¸mÄ am{Xta sN¿p¶ tPmen-tbmSv BßmÀ°X ]p eÀ¯m³ km[n-¡q. Hcn-¡epw HcmÄ¡pw asämcmfm-hm³ Ign-bn-Ã. asämcmfm-hm³ {ian-¡p-t¼mÄ, AXv A\p-I-cWw am{Xw. Jpiv_p-hn\v

Jpiv_p BIm³ am{Xta Ign-bq. AXpt]m-se asäm-cmÄ¡pw Jpiv_p BIm³ Ign-bpI-bp-anà A`n-t\-{Xn, cmjv{Sob {]hÀ¯I, s{]mUyq-kÀ F¶o tdmfp-I-fn GXmWv Xm¦Ä¡v IqSp-X Bß-kwXr]vXn \ÂIp-¶Xv? FÃm tdmfpw Rm³ Bkz-Zn-¨mWv ssIIm-cyw-sN-¿p-¶-Xv. F¦nepw s{]m Uyq-kÀ F¶ tdmfmWv F\n¡v IqSp-X Bß-kw-Xr]vXn \ÂIp-¶Xv. GXm≠v 150-þ200 hyàn-I-fmWv Hcp kn\n-a-bp-sS \nÀ½m-W-hp-ambn _Ô-s¸«v {]hÀ¯n-¡p-¶-Xv, AXp-sIm­ ≠pXs¶ A{Xbpw IpSpw-_-§Ä¡v A¶w \ÂIp-¶-bmÄ BWv s{]mUyqkÀ. B `mcn¨ D¯-c-hm-ZnXzw Rm³ icn¡pw Bkz-Zn-¡p-¶p. A`n-t\-{Xn¡v Hcp \à s{]mUyq-kÀ Bhm³ Ign-bnà F¶ hnaÀi-I-cpsS hnaÀi-\-§Ä¡v adp-]SnbmbmWv Rm³ C¶pw s{]mUyqkÀ Bbn XpS-cp-¶-Xv.

"^oÂKpUv ' kn\n-a-IÄ¡v P\-{]oXntb-dp-¶p ]pXn-b I-Ym-]m-{X§-sf kzo-I-cn-¡m³ a-e-bm-fn X-¿m-sd-Sp-¯pI-gn-ªp. k-aql-¯n-sâ ]-cn-tO-Z-am-bn I-Y-]-d-bm³ N-¦q-ä-ap-Å Nn-e sN-dp-¸-¡mÀ \-S-¯p-¶ [o-c-am-b C-S-s]-S-en-\v t{]-£-I-cpsS `m-K-¯p-\n¶pw \Ã ]n´p-Wbm-Wv C-\n th­­≠Xv Sn ]n {]im´v

INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, KALADY

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M.TECH MBA

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION

APPLIED ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION

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VLSI & EMBEDDED SYSTEM COMPUTER SCIENCE POWER ELECTRONICS & POWER SYSTEMS

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190

12 200

BPO Total

38

2010

2011 2012

190 30

160

198

212

20

41

47

10 10 210 230

30 210

17 256

30 289

First self financing college toImplement Campus Connect soft skill & Technical program partnering with Infosys Get five university ranks in the 2010 University Examination Be visited by Former President of India for interaction with the students Have record placement of 85% consecutively from the first batch. Cross 1247 placement offers in the first decade of Academic excellence. Awarded the status of Active Centre by Infosys and Shriram Group of Companies Top rated college among new geneartion self financing colleges. Register 20 patentsof students projects Achieve an over all pass percentage of 95% consecutively from the first batch.

INDUSTRY INTERACTION & ACADEMICS Training programs by experts from relevant industries-Incubation Centre- Campus Connect with Infosys-concurrent industrial visit by students and Faculty- collaboration with Department of Science and Technology-Webinar interactions with prominent experts from International Universities-Mission-10X with Wipro. Companies who visited ASIET 2011-2012 TCS,CTS,HCL Technologies,Accenture, UST Global,Reliance Communications, PCIL,L&T Infotech,Sutherland Global Services,Godrej Infotech,IGate Patni,Sri Ram Group of Companies,Videocon,Blue Star IBS,Orion India,Federal BankMPhasis, South Indian Bank,ICICI Bank,HDFC Life etc

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Sp-¶-Xpw. a-e-bm-fn-bp-sS B-kzm-Z\ ssi-enbpw H-¸w a-ebmf kn\n-abpw am-td≠-­ ØnXn-bn-te-¡mWv Cu Im-cy-§Ä hn-c Nq-­≠p-¶-Xv. H-cp Iq-«w sN-dp-¸-¡mÀ C-Xv a-\-kn-em-¡n {]-hÀ-¯n-¨p.A-Xn-sâ ^-eam-Wv ^oÂ-Kp-Uv kn-\n-a-I-fp-sS h-chpw hn-P-b-hpw. Ip-d-ª _-P-än X-s¶ kn-\n-abp-sS km-t¦-Xn-I-h-i-§fpw an-I-¨-Xm¡m³ A-Wn-b-d {]-hÀ-¯-IÀ {i-²n-¨ncp-¶p. tIm-Sn-I-fà adn¨v {]-Xn-`-bp-Å I-em-Im-c³-am-cp-sS kwKaw, am-ÌÀ kwhn-[m-b-I-cp-sS {i-²-bnÂ-s¸-Sm-sX \n-¶ \-S³-am-sc s]m-Sn-X-«n-sb-Sp-¯v an-I-¨ I-Ym-]m-{X-§Ä \Â-In Ah-sc ap³-\n-cbn-te-bv-¡v sIm-­≠p-h-cm³ kw-hn-[m-b-Ic-S-¡-ap-Å-hÀ Im«n-b N-¦qäw, C-sXms¡bmWv C¯cw kn-\n-aI-sf t{]-£-IÀ Gs-ä-Sp-¯-Xn-sâ Nn-e L-S-I §Ä. ]pXn-b I-Ym-]m-{X§-sf kzo-I-cn¡m³ a-e-bm-fn X-¿m-sd-Sp-¯p-I-gn-ªp. kn-\n-a-bp-sS C-Xp-h-sc-bp-Å co-Xn-I-fn Im-tem-Nn-X-am-bn am-äw h-cp-¯n k-aq-l¯n-sâ ]-cn-tO-Z-am-bn I-Y-]-d-bm³ N-¦q-ä-ap-Å Nn-e sN-dp-¸-¡mÀ \-S-¯p¶ [o-c-am-b C-S-s]-S-en-\v t{]-£-I-cp-sS `m-K-¯p-\n¶pw \à ]n´p-W \ÂIp-I F-¶-Xm-Wv C-\n sN-¿m-\p-Å-Xv. Ie-sb B-Z-cn-¡p-¶ H-cp X-e-ap-d-bp-sS {i-a-§Ä¡v i-ànbpw DuÀ-Öhpw \Â-Im\pw ]p-X-p]-co-£-W-§-fpam-bn kn-\n-a-bn X\-Xmb H-cn-Sw I-s­-≠¯m³ {i-an-¡p¶-hÀ¡p {]-tNm-Z-\-hpw t{]mÕml-\ h -- pw \Â-Im\pw t{]-£-I ]n´p-W A\nhm-cy-amWv. A§-s\ ¥madntâbpw Xmc{]`bpsSbpw Ip-¯-I-`c-Ww \n-e-\n Â-¡p¶ taJebmb kn\na-bn \à {]-Xn-`-IÄ D-­≠m-I-s«..A-h-cn-eqsS aebm-f kn-\n-abpw h-f-c-s«... FaÀ-PnMv tIcf t sabv 2012


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6 6 S H O W R O O M S AC R O S S K E R A L A , K A R N ATA K A , TA M I L N A D U , A N D H R A P R A D E S H , D E L H I & G C C .

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