BOARD OF DIRECTORS
3 - Editor’s Note On to another big year 4 - From the GM’s desk Thank you! 5 - Customers expect better service with 2014-2017 Citcha 6 - Congratulations GM Edwin V. Regalado! 7 - DCWD firefighters champ in regional encounter 8 - State-of-the-art reservoir rises in Cabantian 9 - DCWD donates used vehicles to other water districts 10 - Partner POs receive rubber tapping tools 11 - DCWD marks 41st year 12 - DCWD thanks Davaoeños for WaterCons celeb support 13 - Get REDi for Christmas
Eduardo A. Bangayan Chairman
14 - Newly Appointed Permanent Personnel Newly Promoted Permanent Personnel 15 - Salamat at Huling Paalam 16 - Day care center receives water tank Capacity building trainings given to women and fisher folks 17 - Eagles soar for the 12th year 18 - Public warned of water meter thefts Upland assistance continues in WaterCons Month 19 - DCWD goes to public elementary schools 20 - Public elem schools and Davao Christian HS win DCWD contests 21 - Pipeline bridge construction under way 22 - Legally Speaking 23 - Fun and Games 24 - Did you know that...
Mission We commit to supply potable and affordable water 24 hours a day, provide wastewater treatment services, operate efficiently, take a proactive role in environmental concerns and keep a competent workforce. Goals -Achieve an improved quality of water in Cabantian and Panacan service areas in accordance with Philippine National Standards for Drinking Water. -Attain a 98% Employee Satisfaction Rating. -Exceed by 50% the projected water demand covered by our available resources. -Increase availability of water to all customers from 90% to 100%. -Fully implement Phase 1 of the Septage Management Program. Cover concept and design by Jonas A. Capute
The cover shows the importance of everyone’s active involvement and participation in protecting and preserving our water. When we come together as one, our efforts turn like a strong shield that will secure our precious water resources.
Core Strategy -Efficient and effective management of all resources for water security in Davao City. Corporate Philosophy Service with Dignity and Honor
Atty. Abdul M. Dataya Member Serafin C. Ledesma Jr. Member
TOP MANAGEMENT Engr. Edwin V. Regalado, MPA General Manager Mildred G. Aviles, CPA, MM OIC - Assistant General Manager for Administration Engr. Exequiel B. Homez OIC - Assistant General Manager for Operations
DEPARTMENT MANAGERS Bernadette A. Dacanay, MBA, MA-Hum Finance & Property Jeannette Carlota M. Delino, MM Information & Communications Technology
Imelda T. Magsuci, MPA Community Relations & External Affairs / Official Spokesperson Engr. Noel C. Montaña Production Ariel L. Noble, MBA Corporate Planning Roberto S. De los Reyes, LLB General Services Atty. Richard D. Tumanda, RN Legal Engr. Rosanna Vicenta T. Cabanag, MPA OIC, Pipelines & Appurtenances Maintenance / Head, Non-Revenue Water Management Office Engr. Oscar C. Dela Cruz, MS-ERM OIC, Engineering & Construction Hilton P. Husain, CPA, MBA OIC, Accounting Ruth G. Jabines, DM-HRM, MBA OIC, Human Resource Engr. Arnold P. Sarabia, MPA OIC, Internal Audit
Editorial Board MARIA EDITHA C. MONJE, MPA Editor-in-Chief MADONNA C. LLAGUNO Associate Editor JOVANA CRESTA T. DUHAYLUNGSOD
ENGR. REYNALDO M. PETALCORIN Copy Editor RUTH G. JABINES, DM-HRM, MBA Features Editor JERELL J. LEONIDA Circulation Chief
The official publication of Davao City Water District
Contributions are welcome at the DCWD Public Information / Relations Division Office. No part or whole of this newsletter will be printed without prior approval.
Ma. Luisa L. Jacinto, MPA Secretary
Paquito C. Ebero Commercial Services
Vision Best water and wastewater service provider with utmost care for the people and the environment.
Atty. Eliseo R. Braganza Jr. Vice Chairman
JONAS A. CAPUTE JR. Artist IMELDA T. MAGSUCI, MPA Adviser
On to another big year T
his issue caps another productive year for the hardworking men and women of Davao City Water District.
First, we congratulate Engr. Edwin V. Regalado for his appointment as our general manager. May we continue to work hand in hand with the man who has been our acting general manager since 2011 for the betterment of the water utility. We also congratulate DCWD Citizen’s Charter committee for finishing the revisions and consequently launching the revised CitCha. With the calibrated standards, we hope to always give our customers high satisfaction in our delivery of frontline services. The monthlong celebration of Davao City’s Water Consciousness month in November with the various school and community-based activities also highlighted our efforts to raise awareness and bring into mainstream consciousness our environmental situation, threats and plausible solutions. Indeed, we have done a lot amidst the constant challenges and uncertainties that came our way this year. I hope this issue captures at best our collective efforts as a water service provider. I hope too that everyone had a happy and meaningful holiday season together with our family and friends, however way we chose to celebrate. As everything in life begins with a decision, let us decide to make 2015 a more prosperous and productive year. Cheers! S
MARIA EDITHA C. MONJE email@example.com
from the gm’s desk
or this yearend message, I simply wish to convey my gratitude to my Davao City Water District family for the opportunity to take the helm as the general manager of our organization. Although this is not an entirely new role having served the District in my capacity as acting general manager, I am challenged anew to work and strive harder to steer us towards becoming a better water and wastewater service provider. The end of the year also offers a good chance to look back to what transpired and to reflect on how we will be able to address the challenges and opportunities of the new year ahead. Strategic management tells us to plan and program our operations with appropriate management tools, to be positive in our work and to cushion the impacts of our ever-changing and complex operating environment. With DCWD’s fast expansion in service coverage and infrastructure developments, we will be constantly tried, tested and challenged but as John Maxwell said, “If we are growing, we are always going to be outside our comfort zone.” Let us not falter.
Let’s tread together. S
ENGR. EDWIN V. REGALADO General Manager
Customers expect better service
with 2014-2017 CitCha
avao City Water District launched its revised and improved Citizen’s Charter (CitCha) with a promise of improved customer service.
Launched last September 1 during the water utility’s monthly convocation at its Bajada office, special guest was Civil Service Commission Davao City field office director II Atty. Ma. Faith L. Presbitero. In the ceremonial turn-over during the launch, Commercial Services Department manager and CitCha committee chairperson Paquito C. Ebero presented the amended charter involving the five frontline services of DCWD to GM Edwin V. Regalado. These are: new service connection application, payment of water bills, customer services, water service reconnection and transfer of water meter. DM Ebero said that the water utility’s revised CitCha aims to be more responsive to the needs of the public. According to him, the highlights of the revised CitCha are the new mission, vision and service pledge and improved feedback and redress mechanism; simplified and reduced transaction duration of the top five frontline services with more comprehensive and complete standards for all transactions; new information billboard to be posted in all DCWD offices; and, revised citizen charter manual as DCWD’s bible in its day-to-day interaction with customers. GM Regalado accepted the amended CitCha and expressed high hopes that it will translate to improved customer satisfaction and public service. He then endorsed the new charter to Dir. Presbitero for confirmation.
GM Edwin V. Regalado ceremoniously endorsed the amended charter to CSC Davao City field office director II Atty. Ma. Faith L. Presbitero.
departments to revise the first CitCha crafted and launched in 2009.
Dir. Presbitero, representing the CSC, accepted the new charter. In her speech, she congratulated the water utility and said, “Your effort of improving and revisiting the DCWD CitCha simply demonstrates your high sense of duty and sincere commitment to your customers.” She then reminded all employees to always serve customers with a smile under all circumstances and emphasized the importance of DCWD’s role to its customers.
The committee was headed by DM Ebero and vice chairperson and Public Information / Relations Division manager Maria Editha C. Monje. After six months of review and changes, the amended charter was submitted to top management and then approved by the DCWD Board of Directors thru Board Resolution No. 14-129 on June 11, 2014. Following the approval, the charter was then endorsed to the CSC Region XI on August 6, 2014.
The simple ceremony represented the meticulous process that the revised charter has undergone. In December last year, GM Regalado formed the 2014 DCWD CitCha committee composed of employees from different
The CitCha is among the four areas in the survey used by the CSC to monitor an agency’s compliance with the Anti-Red Tape Act (ARTA) of 2007. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
The management and CitCha committee members with Atty. Presbitero (9th from R).
GM Edwin V. Regalado! V. Engr. Edwin ths Regalado oa l as genera fore manager be Chairman Eduardo A. Bangayan.
Chairman Bangayan congratulates GM Regalado (3rd and 4th from L). With them are (from L) Vice-Chair Eliseo R. Braganza Jr., Dir. Serafin C. Ledesma Jr., Dir. Abdul M. Dataya and Dir. Ma. Luisa L. Jacinto.
he entire Davao City Water District family congratulates Engr. Edwin V. Regalado as its new general manager.
The Board of Directors appointed Engr. Regalado to the topmost position during their meeting last September 11, 2014, more than three years after his designation as acting general manager in June 2011. He took his oath right after his appointment which Board Chair Eduardo A. Bangayan administered and was witnessed by all other directors and top management. Chairman Bangayan and the rest of the directors congratulated him and noted that more than his unquestionable qualification, he is also hardworking thus very deserving of the topmost position of the water utility. In turn, GM Regalado thanked them for his appointment and said that he will continue to strive hard to ensure quality public service to the Davaoeños. On behalf of DCWD labor union, the Nagkahiusang Mamumuo sa Davao City Water District, chairman Rodrigo L. Aranjuez expressed support to GM Regalado’s appointment.
The new general manager began working at the utility in 1980 and rose through the ranks. He started as a contractual employee serving as treatment operator and was appointed to a permanent position of treatment operator II after two years. He became the quality control officer from 1987 to 1989, and was promoted to division manager of then Production Division in 1989 to 1995. From 1999 to 2008, he served as manager of the Production Department and had stint as the manager of the Operation and Maintenance Department. He was appointed assistant general manager for operations in 2009 and while serving the position, he was designated acting general manager of the water utility in June 2011 until his appointment as full-fledged general manager. GM Regalado hails from Tanjay, Negros Oriental and finished a bachelor’s degree in Chemical Engineering at Cebu Institute of Technology. He is a licensed chemical engineer and obtained his Masters in Public Administration from the University of the Visayas. He is married to Dr. Concepcion Del Rosario – Regalado, food and drug regulation officer IV of the Food and Drug Administration. They have one daughter, Jeriel Jerameel. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
avao City Water District representing Davao City emerged as champion in the recently conducted regional Urban Fire Olympics held at the University of Mindanao campus last September 19, 2014. The utility bested the other provincial champions from the provinces of Davao Del Sur and Compostela Valley in the industrial category of the fire volunteer combat tilt. Other participants were Lao Integrated Farm and Tagnanan Carp Beneficiaries Cooperative.
(1:09); 2) Straight Hose Lay-out Maneuvering with Ladder (platform), one minute and twenty seven seconds (1:27); 3) Fire Extinguisher, one minute twenty seven seconds (1:27). Meanwhile, the utility’s firefighting team’s muse Lady Joanna Marie P. Acedilla of the Pipelines and Appurtenances Maintenance Department (PAMD) also bagged the first runner up post in the beauty pageant fun match held in the same event.
The champion led by team manager and head of the Pollution Control and Safety Office District fire marshall chief inspector Carlos Engr. John F. Baynosa was composed of team T. Duenas of the Bureau of Fire Protection lauded captain Arvin O. Marabiles of the Engineering the impressive performances of the utility’s 10- and Construction Department (ECD), Jerold M. man team in all the three events they participated. Rosales of Accounting Department, Percival F. “They were agile, systematic, well-coordinated Calla of Commercial Services Department, Raisa and teamwork was really apparent,” he said. CI Anne Marie C. Ouano of the Corporate Planning Duenas explained further that the contest is part Department, Isidro B. Duga and Janiel C. Suarez of the series of activities aimed at intensifying the of ECD, Christopher Cagalawan of Information and preparedness of employees in the industrial sector Communications Technology Department, Jonathan in combatting fire emergencies. M. Baranggan of the General Services Department, and Fred C. Garado, Roberto T. Nacion, Wilson B. The team got the fastest time to beat the Osayan, Ramil L. Ascares and Benjoe R. Mencenas challenges in three fire-fighting events: 1) Busted of PAMD. (Edmarson M. Sola) S Hose Replacement, 1 minute and nine seconds
in regional encounter
Christopher N. Cagalawan of ICTD leads the rest of DCWD firefighting team in the straight hose lay-out maneuvering with ladder (platform) category.
Nozzle man Percival F. Calla of CSD wins control of the hose to hit the target in the busted hose replacement category.
State-of-the-art reservoir rises in Cabantian
sizable water tank is soon to be completed that will increase water supply in Davao City Water District’s Cabantian, Indangan and Communal service areas. DCWD is constructing a 1500 cubic meter capacity glass-fused-to-steel bolted tank to augment availability of water for said areas served by Cabantian Water Supply System (WSS). With the tank’s large capacity, enough water will be held in storage to meet the high demand and usage of water. The construction is expected to be completed and operational by second quarter of 2015. GM Edwin V. Regalado explained that as of present, there are three wells and one concrete reservoir with a 680 cubic meter capacity for Cabantian WSS but the rapid development in its service areas has rendered the existing facility insufficient particularly during peak hours. “We are developing this infrastructure so we can
already produce adequate supply of water round the clock,” he added. In addition to its large capacity, the structure features state-of-the-art technology. The glass-fused-to-steel design means the tank is strong and flexible due to its steel materials and resistant to corrosion with the glass used for its interior and exterior surfaces. Low maintenance cost is another advantage of this water reservoir as it no longer needs repainting or recoating. The design is also suitable for future expansions and even relocation, when needed. “Once the tank becomes operational, we will be doing technical evaluations to see that we are meeting our goals to supply quality water 24 hours a day and accommodate new connections,” GM Regalado concluded. (Jamae R. Garcia) S
Construction of DCWD’s 1500 cubic meter capacity glass-fused-to-steel bolted tank is ongoing to boost Cabantian Water Supply System.
DCWD donates used
vehicles to other water districts
General managers and directors of recipient water districts pose for posterity with (seated, L and R) GM Edwin V. Regalado, Dir. Serafin C. Ledesma, (standing, from extreme R) OIC-AGMO Exequiel B. Homez and Finance and Property Department manager and chairperson of the disposal commiittee Bernadette A. Dacanay.
avao City Water District officially donated 13 used vehicles to other water districts in Mindanao and Visayas last October 21, 2014 during a simple gathering at the DCWD Bajada office. The water districts of Banga, Balingasag, Polanco, Nabunturan, Don Carlos, IGACOS, Mambajao and San Isidro each received second hand Mitsubishi L300 vans, while Pigcawayan, Maasim and Hinatuan water districts received Suzuki Bayan cabs. Motorcycles were given to Tulunan and Norala water districts.
been very generous to other water districts in sharing its knowledge and support, acting like a godfather to smaller water districts. He added that DCWD sympathises with smaller water utilities because it used to be a small and simple water district before it expanded to become the largest water utility in the country in terms of service connections.
The ceremonial signing and turnover of the second hand service vehicles was attended by the general managers and directors of the recipient water utilities and chairperson of the DCWD Board Property Committee director Serafin C. Ledesma Jr., GM Edwin V. Regalado, OIC assistant general manager for operations Exequiel B. Homez and chairperson of the disposal committee Bernadette A. Dacanay.
Director Ledesma explained that as DCWD grows in terms of system expansion and acquisition of equipment and facilities needed, it has to dispose of some properties which no longer fit its operation. However, these equipment and facilities may still be of great service to other water districts that operate on a smaller scale. â€œDCWD is expanding some more and undertaking bigger projects. In the process, we would need additional equipment and would be dispensing of some,â€? he said. He also added that DCWD used to be a beneficiary of various donations, thus the water utility is just returning the favor.
On behalf of all recipient water districts, Hinatuan Water District general manager Jose Hilario V. Pandili Jr. expressed utmost gratitude for the generosity of DCWD. He said that ever since he can remember, DCWD has always
For many years now, DCWD has been accommodating requests for technical assistance from water districts not just in Mindanao but as well as in the Visayas region. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S SEPT-DEC 2014
receive rubber tapping tools
t’s harvest time!
About 2,500 out of the 13,600 rubber trees were ready for tapping and Davao City Water District, in its unrelenting support, donated harvesting tools to the planters who are its partners in watershed protection. DCWD’s partner people’s organizations (POs) in rehabilitating Mt. Tipolog-Tamugan watershed received rubber tapping implements last September 5, 2014 at the DCWD Matina office. No less than the Board of Directors headed by Chairman Eduardo A. Bangayan with DCWD officers personally handed the tools to the harvesters represented by Obu-Manuvu Ancestral Domain Multi-Purpose Cooperative (OMADMPC) chairman Datu Joshua P. Andip and adviser Datu Joel A. Unad. The package costing Php38,180.00 composed of 30 pieces each of tapping knives and sharpening stones, 2,500 pieces each of spouts, rings and springs and 16 liters of acetic acid. The tools will be used exclusively by the tribal community and their families. Five percent of income from sales will go to OMAD-MPC while the rest will be given to the planter beneficiaries. Both Datu Unad and Datu Andip will look for buyers. The community planted 20,800 rubber seedlings in 50 hectares of land in 2007. Of this, 13,600 trees survived which will all be ready for tapping within five years time beginning with 2,500 this year, another 2,500 next year and so on until 2018. Thirty of the 54 planter beneficiaries will benefit from this year’s harvests and the number will increase within five years. The rubber trees are part of the fruitful partnership made between DCWD and the community living inside the protected area of Mt. TipologTamugan. DCWD, thru the donation given by San Miguel Foundation, provided the rubber seedlings to the community. It was also around this time that DCWD helped organized OMAD-MPC which the water utility still continues to assist todate. DCWD has also been providing trainings, the latest of which were two sessions on proper rubber tapping techniques in order to prepare the community for harvesting of rubber saps. Datu Unad and Datu Andip thanked the Board of Directors and DCWD as a whole for the harvesting tools. According to Datu Unad, the Obu-Manuvu tribe in Tambobong has experienced economic development with the help of DCWD. He said that only DCWD and no other agency, both non-government and government, offered continuous and focused 10
assistance to the community “Malaking pasasalamat namin sa water district lalo na sa mga Board of Directors kasi mayroon silang puso na i-continue ang pagtulong sa mga tribong Obu-Manuvu sa Tambobong,” he said. He also added that DCWD’s help is holistic that involves health, education and livelihood and for all these, they are very thankful. Chairman Bangayan graciously acknowledged Obu-Manuvu tribe’s appreciation of DCWD’s help. He said that DCWD has indeed been helping the tribe as they are also the protectors of Davao City’s water. The partnership made by DCWD with the POs in the watershed areas is part of DCWD’s corporate social responsibility which include helping its partners in the continued protection of the three watersheds in Davao City, namely, Malagos, Mt. Talomo-Lipadas and Mt. Tipolog-Tamugan. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod)S
Chairman Eduardo A. Bangayan and OMAD-MPC chairman Datu Joshua P. Andip (5th and 6th from L) and adviser Datu Joel A. Unad and Dir. Serafin C. Ledesma Jr. (7th and 8th from L) shake hands during the turn-over ceremony with the other DCWD Directors and officers (from L) CREA Department manager Imelda T. Magsuci, GM Edwin V. Regalado, Dir. Abdul M. Dataya, Dir. Ma. Luisa L. Jacinto, Vice Chairman Eliseo R. Braganza Jr. and OIC-AGMO Exequiel B. Homez.
Actual rubber latex harvesting at an Obu-Manuvu farm.
DCWD marks 41st year
arious activities held from October 3 until November 7 highlighted the celebration of Davao City Water District’s 41st anniversary.
“All-in Palagsik 2014” Sportsfest. The anniversary’s opening ceremony was held on October 3 that also marked the start of the interdepartmental sports festival. For this year’s team-ups, the Engineering and Construction, Human Resource and Corporate Planning departments, and Office of the Board and Pollution Control and Safety Office composed team Yellow Pipers. The Red Fitters team members were the Commercial Services, Information and Communications Technology, Legal and Production departments, Office of the General Manager and Project Monitoring Office. Making up the Green Wrenchers were the Pipelines and Appurtenances Maintenance, Finance and Property, Community Relations and External Affairs, Internal Audit and Accounting departments. The sportsfest featured badminton, volleyball, basketball, lawn tennis and bowling games played throughout October and early November. In the end, the Yellow Pipers emerged champion with the Red Fitters and the Green Wrenchers in tow.
Customers Appreciation Day. On November 3, the activity was held simultaneously at the Bajada, Matina and Toril offices and at the Victoria Plaza collection center to commemorate the actual anniversary date of DCWD. Customized items like string bags, bookmarks, foldable fans and notebooks were given away to lucky walk-in customers as DCWD’s simple way of saying “Thank You” to the public for their support to the utility’s 41 years of operation. Employees Celebration. Themed “All Rise!”, employees gathered in the Bajada Office motorpool for a simple program that opened with a thanksgiving mass and special convocation. Merriments such as parlor games, raffle and piñata surprises, alongside intermission numbers of employees followed. Rice and canned goods comprised the raffle prizes which the employees found practical and truly beneficial. GM Edwin V. Regalado lauded the growth of DCWD from its humble beginnings to becoming the country’s largest water district in terms of service connections. He encouraged the employees to continue taking big strides towards DCWD’s vision of becoming the best water service provider. Davao City Water District was created on November 3, 1973 by virtue of Presidential Decree 198 or the Provincial Water Utilities Act. Aside from the anniversary, DCWD celebrated Davao City’s Water Consciousness Month with school and communitybased events spread throughout November. (Jamae R. Garcia) S SEPT-DEC 2014
DCWD thanks DavaoeĂąos for WaterCons celeb support
Information Education Campaign on the importance of watershed and the Watershed Code of Davao City
20th Citywide On-the-Spot Poster Making Contest among 80 elementary students at SM City Annex
14th Citywide Extempora neous Speaking Contest final rounds at SM City Annex Water Supply System Operations Seminar for 26 newly hired and promoted DCWD employees
Economics Training for 21 Women and the Environment in the Barangay members
Free medical and dental missions for 622 DCWD partners in Barangay Tambobong
Customers Appreciati on Day at the DCWD offices Tubig sa Katawhan in public cemeteries
Donation of sewing machine to Barangay Tamugan Council of Women and mosquito nets to the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program beneficiaries
Awarding of Winners for the Search for Good Practices of Organic Farming at Lispher Inn
Adopters Gathering for 91 adopters of DCWDâ€™s Adopt-a-Site Project
Teambuild ing workshop and leadership training for 40 Watershed Manageme nt Youth Council members
Winners of the 14th Extempora neous Speaking Contest
Values Laden Leadership for the Youth for 15 boy scouts and rovers from various city high schools
Winners of the 20th Citywide Onthe-Spot Poster Making Contest
CONGRATULATIONS! TO THE NEWLY APPOINTED PERMANENT PERSONNEL
ALBERTO J. OCTOBRE Utility Worker A General Services Dept.
KIRBY M. BALANAG Driver General Services Dept.
JONI MAE L. BERMEJO Cashier D Finance and Property Dept.
CHRISTINE G. MARIMON Engineering Asst. B Eng’g. and Construction Dept.
JOJIE P. BOOC Driver General Services Dept.
JANE LUCILLE T. OSTIQUE Stenographer A Office of the Board
ANNE CHRISTINE G.CAINGLET Stenographer A Office of the Board
EULA TRICIA ANN P. MINES Secretary B Information and Communications Technology Dept.
ELEJANDRO D. REURZORA Utility Worker A Commercial Services Dept.
JHERMIE A. DEGUITO Draftsman B General Services Dept.
CHARLITO S. MERCADO
Data Encoder - Controller Human Resource Dept.
ENGR. RYAN ROMAN M. CATOG
Data Analyst - Controller Information and Communications Technology Dept.
TO THE NEWLY PROMOTED PERMANENT PERSONNEL
MAYLENE F. JUMUAD Procurement Analyst A General Services Dept.
Ruby E. Quiñanola Senior Auto Mechanic General Services Dept.
maria anita a. torrejos
Sr. Water Resources Facilities Technician Production Dept.
ANNE MARIE P. PACATANG
Sr. Accounting Processor B Accounting Dept.
JERRY G. BAJAO Material Procurement Officer A General Services Dept.
ALMA JUDITH J. CANSON
Quality Control Assurance Chief Production Dept.
VIRGILIO O. ARREZA Water Maintenance Foreman Commercial Services Dept.
ANGELITO J. GO Heavy Equipment Operator General Services Dept.
GLENDA C. SARABOSING Customer Service Assistant A Commercial Services Dept.
CYRIL S. BILLONES Sr. Instrument Technician General Services Dept.
AUDREY S. LACABA Storekeeper A Finance and Property Dept.
ALLAN D. ANTIGA Storekeeper C Finance and Property Dept.
ARVIN S. MEDINA Clerk Processor B Production Dept.
Salamat at Huling Paalam... I’M FREE
CRUZALDO B. SESCON
Utility Worker A Pipelines and Appurtenances Maintenance Dept. May 3, 1967 - Nov. 24, 2014
Don’t grieve for me, for now I’m free, I’m following the path God has laid you see. I took his hand when I heard his call. I turned my back and left it all. I could not stay another day To laugh, to love, to work or play. Tasks left undone must stay that way I found the peace at the close of day. If my parting has left a void Then fill it with remembered joysA friendship shared, a laugh, a kiss Oh yes, these things I too will miss. Be not burdened with times of sorrow I wish you the sunshine of tomorrow. My life’s been full I savored much, Good friends, good times, a loved one’s touch. Perhaps my time seemed all too brief Don’t lengthen it now with undue grief Lift up your hearts, and peace to theeGod wanted me now, he set me free. Linda Jo Jackson
I HAVE A PLACE IN HEAVEN Please don’t sing sad songs for me, Forget your grief and fears, For I am in a perfect place Away from pain and tears... It’s far away from hunger And hurt and want and pride, I have a place in Heaven With the Master at my side. My life on earth was very good, As earthly life can go, But Paradise is so much more Than anyone can know... My heart is filled with happiness And sweet rejoicing, too. To walk with God is perfect peace, A joy forever new. Author Unknown
RICHARD ALLAN M. PASIA
Plumber B Pipelines and Appurtenances Maintenance Dept. Oct. 20, 1979 - Dec. 13, 2014 SEPT-DEC 2014
Day care center receives water tank
agakpan Project Hope Day Care Center received one 1,000-liter-capacity water tank from Davao City Water District. The donated tank was intended to be used as a rainwater harvesting facility that will benefit the students of the day care center and the entire Barangay Tagakpan community.
Barangay Captain Eusibio Bangkas (3rd from L) receives the water tank from DCWD on behalf of the Barangay Tagakpan community.
Community relations officer Ellanena J. Gabuya turned over the tank to Barangay Captain Eusibio Bangkas of Barangay Tagakpan last August 23. The donation is part of the water utility’s “Patubig sa Eskwela” project in the uplands and is among the many activities that DCWD has under the Water and Sanitation Program of its corporate social responsibility framework. The program aims to help provide alternative water sources in areas where piped water is inaccessible. Aside from donating water tanks, DCWD also gives out jetmatic pumps and drinking fountains in schools and communities. Since 2006, it has already donated the following: seven water tanks to four public elementary schools and three barangays in District III; six drinking fountains to five public elementary schools and two public high schools also in District III; 18 jetmatic pumps to seven barangays in District I, 100 jetmatic pumps to 16 barangays in District II and 57 jetmatic pumps to 16 barangays in District III. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
Capacity building trainings given to women and fisher folks
avao City Water District conducted Organic Container Gardening (OCG) training in different batches in its continuous effort to create linkages in the grassroots level which was attended by barangay women and fisher folks. The trainings were attended by 20 women of Barangay Tibungco last October 25. Previous to this, same training was conducted on September 20 at Barangay Malagos, July 19 in Barangay Sirib and July 12 in Barangay Tagakpan for 60 women members of the community and on September 13 in Barangay Hizon for 30 fisher folks. The participants were taught how to properly practice organic backyard gardening to give them alternative means of income. The training also taught them how to minimize solid wastes and kitchen wastes, and in turn, prevent water pollution in the community, thus supporting the city’s ridge to reef protection objective.
Engagement and Advocacy Council executive secretary Atty. Arnold Abejaron, respectively. Both discussions were very effective in attaining the training’s objective to equip the participants with the needed knowledge on laws, issuances and other legislations that affect women and the environment as well as the roles of women and men in the household and society. The conduct of the training was done in accordance to Republic Act 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act and EO 273 or the Approving and Adopting of the Philippine Plan for Gender Responsive Development. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
Speakers were Ariel Arcena, Junel Borong and Arthur Cagumbay from the Office of Councilor Marissa Salvador Abella. The barangay councils of recipient communities also extended their support in order to help make the trainings possible. In a separate development, DCWD also spearheaded the conduct of the Gender and Development Training for Women and Environment in the Barangay (WEB) members last August 16 at Lispher Inn. In attendance were 40 WEB members who were all leaders and implementers of GAD and environment programs in their respective communities. Discussed to the participants were the current gender and environment situation and the roles of women at home, in the community and the environment by invited speakers Integrated Gender and Development Division OIC Lorna Mandin and Ateneo de Davao University Community
Participants of the organic gardening training during the application of their new learnings.
All the participants bike as one as they pass the DavaoBukidnon Road going to DCWD Malagos Park.
Eagles soar for the 12th year
pproximately 300 bikers from all walks of life once again supported the 12th Flight of the Eagles themed “Bike Safety: Share the Road” which was held October 19, 2014. The 40-km bike route started at Magsaysay Park and concluded at Davao City Water District’s Malagos Park.
Proceeds of the event was intended for the DCWD’s Adopt-a-Site Project to subsidize the rehabilitation efforts of the water utility in the Mt. Talomo-Lipadas watershed. The biking event has been supporting this project for 10 years now. Some of the proceeds has been set aside for use to support the 2015 Lunhaw Awards and the installation of bike racks at
Magsaysay Park. Concluding the mass bike ride was a race that saw Danny Tapao emerged as overall winner for the Masters category followed by second placer Wilfredo Ellorimo and third placer Plow Canencia. For the Women’s category, best biker was Salome Zamora with Rona Leah Oribado and Dolly Yuste in second and third slots, respectively. Juan Rojo Jr. bested second placer Roel Rodriguez, third placer Renante Cania and the rest of the qualifiers for the Juniors category. And, for the Fat Boys category, first place winner was Jerry Sabijon and coming in second and third were Diomedes Awit and Danilo Melicio, respectively. Special awards were also given to Team PNP for having the biggest delegation, Nick Pañucop for being the oldest rider, Daniel Velasco as youngest rider and John Paul Cordora as heaviest rider.
Bikers take their oath of sportsmanship before the race.
Aside from Davao City Water District, other contest organizers were the Office of Councilor Leo Avila III, Watershed and Environmental Protection Coalition of Davao, Watershed Management Youth Council, Interface Development Interventions Inc., Cycle for Life, Federation of Off-Road Cycling Enthusiasts and Philcycling. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
W ar nin g o f w a te r me te r the f ts u p
avao City Water District reminds customers to take extra care of their respective water meters as incidences of meter theft and damage are already becoming alarming. From January until December, damaged meter cases have reached 187 while cases of water meter theft were recorded at 229. The highest occurrence of water meter theft was recorded in October with 108 cases. DCWD also reminds them of their signed contract with the water utility that “the customer shall protect the water meter installed at all times, regardless of location, under his/her account.” It also advised customers to immediately report damaged or stolen water meters within 24 hours to address the problem right away. Concerned customers must present these requirements for
processing of replacement of damaged or stolen water meter: proof of identity, proof of legal capacity if transacted by representative, payment of the cost of the meter and, in the case of meter theft, affidavit of undertaking. Perpetrators of water meter theft and acts of illegal water connections such as meter tampering, direct tapping, illegal removal of water meters and illegal opening of closed lines are actively pursued in court with corresponding charges and fines imposed. The DCWD management is encouraging the general public to report suspicious activities concerning water connections and other matters related to DCWD services to its 24-hour hotlines 297 – DCWD (3293), 0927-798-8966, 0908-441-0653 and 0925-511-3293. (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
Upland assistance continues in WaterCons month
Residents of Sitio Kidali and Sitio Subsub in Barangay Tambobong, Baguio District avail of free medical services (L pic) and women beneficiaries in Barangay Tamugan receive a sewing machine and mosquito nets.
s part of the celebration of the Davao Citywide Water Consciousness Month in November, Davao City Water District continued assisting upland communities through different activities implemented by the Community Relations and External Affairs Department (CREAD). CREAD - Environment and Watershed Protection Division facilitated free medical and dental missions in Barangay Tambobong, Baguio District particularly in Sitio Kidali on November 4 and Sitio Subsub on November 14. Over 600 residents availed of basic health services courtesy of doctors and dentists from the City Health Office and barangay health workers. Medicines that were donated by DCWD Employees Multi-Purpose Cooperative were also given as needed by patients. Last November 5, the CREAD - Community Relations Unit gave one sewing machine to Barangay
Tamugan’s Council of Women. This will help the women beneficiaries’ income-generating project of making different products out of recycled materials. Forty pieces of mosquito nets were also donated to Barangay Council of Tamugan to help in the efforts of combating malaria. Both donations are part of the water utility’s Gender and Development Program. Over the years, DCWD has actively extended various assistance in the upland communities serving as the utility’s grassroots partners in protecting and rehabilitating our watersheds. In the annual celebration of the Water Consciousness Month in Davao City every November, activities in the uplands are incorporated with the many awareness-raising activities in the city to highlight the message that conserving water and protecting the environment are everyone’s concern and responsibility. (Jamae R. Garcia) S
DCWD goes to public elementary schools
avao City Water District conducted lectures in various public elementary schools in the low and high lands of the city on separate occasions in November as part of the Davao Citywide Water Consciousness Month celebration. Public Information / Relations Division spearheaded the 14th DCWD Goes to School project and visited Magtuod Elementary School on November 6, A. Pichon Jr. ES on November 14 and Tagakpan ES on November 20. Lively lectures, audio-visual presentations and discussions centered on water conservation, water cycle, rainwater harvesting and proper handwashing. Aside from the lectures, they also distributed customized bags, notebooks, bookmarks and 2015 wall calendars to the teachers and students. The teachers also received posters on water conservation tips and water cycle which they could use as visual aides during lectures while stickers on water conservation and environmental protection were placed on lavatories and toilets. For information and education campaign in the uplands, the Environment and Watershed Protection Division conducted lectures on the importance of watershed and the Watershed Code of Davao City to the pupils of Baracayo Grande ES on November 20 and Baguio ES on November 24. They explained to the students the significant role they play in protecting the water sources of Davao City considering their proximity to the watersheds (Jovana T. Duhaylungsod) S
EWPD watershed management chief Lorna M. Maxino explains to the students of Baracayo Grande ES the importance of watershed and the Watershed Code of Davao City.
Magtuod ES pupils intently read the activity sheets following the lectures of DCWD employees.
Pupils of A. Pichon Jr. ES answer questions about the lectures of (clockwise from top L) Ma. Donna C. Mu単oz of CSD, and PI / RD manager Maria Ellanena J. Gabuya and Editha C. Monje guides Jamae Concepcion R. a student of Magtuod ES Garcia of CREAD. during the handwashing dance.
Pupils of Magtuod ES (top) and A. Pichon ES (bottom) show off their early Christmas gifts.
Tagakpan ES pupils do the proper handwashing dance. SEPT-DEC 2014
The 16 semi-finalists and the panel of judges take a photo break before a large crowd of students, teachers and onlookers.
Public elem schools and Davao Christian HS win DCWD contests chool contests organized by Davao City Water S District are always among the highlights and most awaited events in the annual celebration
of Water Consciousness Month in Davao City. The 20th On-the-Spot Poster Making Contest joined in by 80 elementary students and 14th Citywide Extemporaneous Speaking Contest with 60 senior high school participants are no exception. The 20th On-the-Spot Poster Making Contest was held last November 25 at the SM City Davao annex. Contestants were given two hours to work on their posters using watercolor and express the theme “Tubig Para sa Kinabuhi”. Out of 80 budding artists, nine finalists were selected by Welehito Pepito, Vicente Aviles and Gilbert Miraflor, all renowned Davao artists and members of
Before named as the best three winners, Micquille Alexis Go of Cesareo Villa-Abrille ES, Darryl Doie Aurelio of Davao City Special School and Krishna Das Mazo of Don Manuel H. Gutierez Sr. ES interpret their masterpieces before the SM City mall audience.
Nikki with first runner up Antonio A. Mendoza (l) of Precious Nikki Abigail Delgado International School of Davao, Inc. gives an impassioned and Adrian Francisco C. Johns (r) speech on environmental of Southpoint School. protection winning her the first place.
the Davao Watercolour Society, based on the criteria of concept, artistry and originality. After a short oral interpretation of their masterpieces, the judges declared three pupils representing public schools champions. They were Darryl Doie M. Aurelio of Davao City Special School, Micquille Alexis P. Go of Cesareo Villa-Abrille Elementary School and Krishna Das P. Mazo of Don Manuel H. Gutierez Sr. ES. Each received Php 3,000.00 and a plaque. The six other finalists were Niña Ma. Kyla P. Militar (Ford Academy of the Arts), Nico Jade D. Ates (F. Bangoy Central ES with SPED Center), Devine T. Bendanillo (University of Immaculate Conception), Lover Jay Z. Bulaga (Teodoro L. Palma Gil ES), Matt A. Masangcay (Sta. Ana Central ES) and Reymar Villar (Osmeña ES). They were all awarded with Php 500.00 each and a certificate of recognition. The top winners and finalists were each given customized DCWD back packs, notebooks and bookmarks.
Contestants work busily on their masterpieces that were later judged by Davao’s best watercolor artists Vicente Aviles and Welehito Pepito (in pic) and Gilbert Miraflor.
Meanwhile, Nikki Abigail C. Delgado of Davao Christian High School bested 59 other contestants in the 14th Citywide Extemporaneous Speaking Contest held November 21 at the SM City Annex in Ecoland. She won Php 6,000.00. In second place to page 21
Pipeline bridge construction under way
Davao City Water District is working fast on the construction of a 1000 millimetre diameter suspension-type pipe bridge crossing between Governor Generoso Bridges 1 and 2 to improve water supply in the city’s downtown and northern areas.
GM Edwin V. Regalado said this project costing around 115 million pesos is the water utility’s major, long-term venture to address the insufficient water supply especially in the downtown and north areas served by Line 1 of Dumoy Water Supply System.
The completion of the new pipe bridge will increase water pressure by seven percent and improve water supply of around 64% of the 53,844 estimated connections served by Dumoy WSS’ Line 1. DCWD targets to finish the construction by March 2015. (Jamae R. Garcia) S
These areas have been the most affected when DCWD’s original 600mm diameter and 750mm diameter transmission / distribution pipelines collapsed due to heavy flooding last December 16, 2012. As temporary solution, two 400mm diameter pipes were installed over Governor Generoso Bridge 2 but problems of low water pressure to no water during peak hours persist due to the limited capacity of the temporary pipes. With the notice to proceed on the construction of said project given on June 2014, site inspection and investigation began right away for the preparation of concept designs and plans. Drilling works for soil test were also done in the same month. Preparations of concept design, estimates and specifications were made in the ensuing months. As of yearend 2014, excavation and framing works for the Bankerohan side abutment were ongoing. Public elem schools... from page 20 was Antonio A. Mendoza of Precious International School winning Php 4,000.00 and Adrian Francisco C. Johns of Southpoint School winning Php2,000.00. The three also got plaques. In response to the common question of how to convince decision makers to increase priorities for sanitation and sewerage, Miss Delgado clinched the top spot in her argument that development should go hand in hand with the protection of public health for the overall welfare of the people. The speech tilt began with two-day elimination rounds held November 12 and 13 at the Davao Episcopal Mission Center. After the intense battle of wits, 16 emerged as qualifiers. Aside from Miss Delgado and Messrs. Mendoza and Johns, the others were: Geena Marie S. Cajeta (Ateneo de Davao University), Jerouine Paul D. Lumabao (Daniel R. Aguinaldo NHS), Mirhea Nica R. Quijada (Davao Central College), Lexus Josef L. Javines (Davao City Special NHS), Amir Jann Sumulong (EMAR Human and Environmental College), George Michael M. Mendoza (Holy Child College of Davao – Mintal Campus), Jhon Ray G. Rabara (Holy Cross College
On-going installation of scaffolding, rebars and form works for the bridge’s concrete pylon.
of Calinan), Louella Joyce A. Sindajan (Holy Cross of Agdao), Adolf Ausquin J. Yasa (Lamb of God SPED Academy), Freia Razelanni D. Sobrecarey (St. Augustine International School), Marathon A. Gonzales (Sta. Ana NHS), Mike Joshua L. Lagrada (Sto. Niño NHS) and Mary Gabrielle G. Barluado (University of Immaculate Conception). The judges for the elimination rounds were educators Democracia M. Dominguez and Virginia L. Guibone, People Collaborating for Environmental and Economic Management in Davao Foundation, Inc. executive director Miriam S. Colon and lawyer Vincent Juan. Digos City Water District executive assistant Aphrodite M. Adrales, Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council development management officer Maria Cristina S. Villegas and Action Against Hunger International Philippines Mission advocacy coordinator Dyan Aimee M. Rodriguez composed the panel of judges in the semi and final rounds. GM Edwin V. Regalado noted that the high turnout of contestants for both contests this year was indicative of the unwavering and more support DCWD is garnering in the campaign for water consciousness and environment protection. (Jamae R. Garcia) S SEPT-DEC 2014
#ChangeOfNameNotAMatterOfRight Atty. Fairy Faith R. Agustin
“When is a man a man and when is a woman a woman? In particular, does the law recognize the changes made by a physician using scalpel, drugs and counseling with regard to a person’s sex? May a person successfully petition for a change of name and sex appearing in the birth certificate to reflect the result of a sex reassignment surgery?” These were the opening questions posed by former Chief Justice Renato Corona when he penned the decision in the case of “Rommel Jacinto Dantes Silverio vs. Republic of the Philippines,” G.R. No. 174689 on October 22, 2007. Feeling trapped in a man’s body, Silverio underwent hormone treatment and breast augmentation, and to finally transform himself to a woman, he underwent sex reassignment surgery in Bangkok, Thailand on January 27, 2001. From then on, he lived as a female. On November 26, 2002, he filed a petition for the change of his first name from “Rommel Jacinto” to “Mely” and his sex from “male” to “female” in his birth certificate before the Regional Trial Court of Manila, Branch 8. He alleged that he is a male transsexual, that is, “anatomically male but feels, thinks and acts as a female” and that he had always identified himself with girls since childhood. The trial court in its Decision dated June 4, 2003 ruled in favor of Silverio, explaining that it is in consonance with the principle of justice and equity. Further, the court said, “With his sexual [re-assignment], petitioner, who has always felt, thought and acted like a woman, now possesses the physique of a female. Petitioner’s misfortune to be trapped in a man’s body is not his own doing and should not be in any way taken against him. Likewise, the [c]ourt believes that no harm, injury [or] prejudice will be caused to anybody or the community in granting the petition. On the contrary, granting the petition would bring the much-awaited happiness on the part of the petitioner and her [fiancé] and the realization of their dreams.” However, on August 18, 2003, the Republic of the Philippines (Republic), through the Office of the Solicitor General filed a petition for certiorari before the Court of Appeals alleging that there is no law allowing change of name by reason of sex alteration. In a decision dated February 18, 2006, the Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the Republic. Silverio filed a reconsideration but it was denied. Then, he elevated his case to the Supreme Court and invoked his sex reassignment as a ground for his petition for change of name and sex. For the reason that “change of name is a privilege and not a right,” the Supreme Court denied Silverio’s petition. Petitions for change of name are controlled by statutes. Republic Act 9048, otherwise known as Clerical Error Law, now governs the change of first name. Under Section 4 of the said law, the grounds for which change of first name may be allowed are: where the name is ridiculous, tainted with dishonor, or difficult to pronounce or write; a nickname is habitually used; or if the change will avoid confusion. Silverio’s basis of the change of his name is that he intends his first name compatible with the sex he thought he transformed himself into through surgery. The High Court says that his true name does not prejudice him at all, and no law allows the change of entry in the birth certificate as to sex on the ground of sex reassignment. Interestingly, a year after such Silverio case was decided, a similar case yet of different attendant circumstances was also concluded by the Supreme Court. This is the case
of “Republic of the Philippines vs. Jennifer B. Cagandahan”, G.R. No. 166676, September 12, 2008. Cagandahan filed a petition for correction of entries in her birth certificate before the Regional Trial Court of Siniloan, Branch 33. She alleged that: “she was registered as a female in the Certificate of Live Birth but while growing up, she developed secondary male characteristics and was diagnosed to have Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) which is a condition where persons thus afflicted possess both male and female characteristics. She further alleged that she was diagnosed to have clitoral hyperthropy in her early years and at age six, underwent an ultrasound where it was discovered that she has small ovaries. At age thirteen, tests revealed that her ovarian structures had minimized, she has stopped growing and she has no breast or menstrual development. She then alleged that for all interests and appearances as well as in mind and emotion, she has become a male person.” She prayed that her birth certificate be corrected and that her first name be changed from “Jennifer” to “Jeff”. To prove her claims, Cagandahan presented Dr. Michael Sionzon of the Department of Psychiatry, University of the PhilippinesPhilippine General Hospital. Dr. Sionzon issued a medical certificate stating that Cagandahan’s condition is known as CAH. He explained that genetically Cagandahan is female but because her body secretes male hormones, her female organs did not develop normally and she has two sex organs – female and male. He testified that this condition is very rare, that Cagandahan’s uterus is not fully developed because of lack of female hormones and that she has no monthly period. Satisfied with the very clear and convincing proofs presented by Cagandahan, the trial court granted the petition in its decision dated January 12, 2005. However, the Solicitor General filed a petition directly to the Supreme Court seeking for the reversal of the trial court’s ruling. The High Court was of the view that where the person is biologically or naturally intersex the determining factor in his gender classification would be what the individual, having reached the age of majority, with good reason thinks of his / her sex. As in this case, Cagandahan thinks of himself as a male and considering that his body produces high levels of male hormones, there is preponderant biological support for considering him as being a male. Sexual development in cases of intersex persons makes the gender classification at birth inconclusive. It is at maturity that the gender of such persons, like Cagandahan, is fixed. Quoted from the Decision: “In the absence of a law on the matter, the Court will not dictate on respondent concerning a matter so innately private as one’s sexuality and lifestyle preferences, much less on whether or not to undergo medical treatment to reverse the male tendency due to CAH.” In ruling this case, the Supreme Court gave respect to the diversity of nature; and how an individual deals with what nature has handed out. In other words, they respect Cagandahan’s congenital condition and his mature decision to be a male. The Supreme Court denied the petition of the Solicitor General and thereby affirmed the trial court’s decision favoring Cagandahan. To contradistinguish the Silverio case and Cagandahan case, it is in the latter case where the Supreme Court recognized that the petitioner “just simply let nature take its course and has not taken unnatural steps to arrest or interfere with what he was born with.” And for both cases, the High Court has this to say: change of name is not a matter of right, but a privilege.
fun and games A. BAMBOOZABLE is a saying / phrase that is made up of a display of words, in an interesting way. The objective is to try to figure out the well-known saying, person, place, or thing that each bamboozable is meant to represent.
B. MATH CHALLENGE is group of numbers formed in a block filled with addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Each number is only used once. Each row is a math equation. Each column is a math equation. Some of the numbers are missing. Fill in the missing numbers
C. MAZE. Find your way out from the many twists and turns.
D. WORD SCRAMBLE. Unscramble the emotions and know the feelings.
EUFCNSOD _____________ GANYR
DRPEI _____________ ENYLLO
EYVN _____________ SAEMH
Sources: www.thinkablepuzzles.com and www.coolmath.com
ANSWERS: A. 1. Falling Temperature, 2. Two Under Par, 3. Fat Chance, 4. Broken Heart, 5. Hot Under the Collar, 6. Head in the Sand; B. per row - 7, 6, 9; 4, 1, 3; 5, 2, 8; D. happy, confused, angry, pride, lonely, sad, surprised, envy, shame, excited
compiled by Madonna C. Llaguno
the difference between “city” and “country” hams is significant? “City” hams are processed in a wet cure (brine), then usually simply smoked (not aged). The result is a moist ham with a mild flavor. “Country” hams are dry-cured and aged, producing a stronger flavor that is saltier and drier.
the root of the English word cheese comes from the Latin caseus, which also gives us the word casein, the milk protein that is the basis of cheese? Caseus is also the root word for cheese in other languages, including queso in Spanish, kaas in Dutch, käse in German, and queijo in Portuguese.
in Cambodia, many pizza parlors offer “happy pizza”, which is a pizza loaded with high quality marijuana?
cakes definitely play a major role during weddings, but how were these wedding ceremonies completed during ancient times? They either broke a big bread loaf on top of the bride’s head or simply threw pieces of bread on her.
pasta comes in many different colors? Most pasta is cream-colored, but some is made using spinach making it green, red pasta that is made using tomato, gray pasta that is made using squid ink, and some pasta is called “cellophane” because it becomes transparent when cooked.
the scientific term for the common tomato is lycopersicon lycopersicum, which means “wolf peach”? “Tomato” in other languages English: tomato, French: tomate, Dutch: tomaat, German: tomate, Danish: tomat, Spanish: tomate, Italian: pomodoro
chicken skin color varies from creamcolored to yellow? Skin color is a result of the type of feed eaten by the chicken, not a measure of nutritional value, flavor, tenderness or fat content. Color preferences vary in different sections of the country, so growers use the type of feed which produces the desired color.
sources: https://bakistryblog.wordpress.com, http:// blog.edwardsvaham.com,http://listverse.com, http:// kickassfacts.com, http://www.foodreference.com, http:// www.ilovepasta.org, http://www.tomatodirt.com
Published on May 26, 2015