design:case Three years ago, Max Bank decided to invest in service design. That proved to be a good business decision. The following year, Max Bank had the best result in its 100-year history as well as the highest customer satisfaction ratings among Danish banks.
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FACTs ABOUT MAX BANK Million DKK
• 200 employees • Established in 1901 in Næstved • The original name was Håndværkerbanken
(“The craftsmen’s bank”), but in 2004 the name
was changed to Max Bank
• The name Max Bank was chosen because it
expresses the bank’s goal of going for the max
– in the interest of customers, shareholders
• HQ in Næstved • 8 branch offices around Denmark • Max Bank was the first Danish bank to establish
a café-style environment in the bank
• Today, all eight branches have implemented
the café concept
Max Bank 9, Jernbanegade 4700 Næstved Denmark Tel +45 5578 0111 www.maxbank.dk
“You can use design to maximise service levels and customer satisfaction.” That is the unambiguous message from Max Bank, which has seen impressive growth rates and the highest degree of customer satisfaction in the bank’s history after a major investment in service design in 2004.
FROM TRADITION TO INNOVATION
A new service concept
best result; the designer has an important and crucial role, as
Max Bank used to be like most other banks, where customers
the designer’s creativity brings new and different perspectives
are serviced at the counter. But in the face of growing
into the problem-solving process,” says Hans Verner Larsen.
competition, the bank developed a new strategic plan in 2001. The plan aimed to ensure Max Bank the best customer relations
And it was quite a make-over. Together with Retail Institute
of any bank in Denmark by shifting from tradition to innovation.
Scandinavia the bank decided that one of the ways of changing
One element in this comprehensive strategic plan was to change
from traditional bank to an innovative, service-oriented bank
the interior design to reflect the bank’s values in a modern and
would be to change the interior design into a café setting.
innovative way. “To make banking a viable business today, you
With the café-banking concept Max Bank made banking history.
have to stand out from the crowd and be innovative. That is
Max Bank was the first bank in Denmark to combine bank and
the way to generate growth, which till benefit the customers.
café and to replace the counters with sofas.
We knew that we had to differentiate ourselves from the competition in order to survive. And we were going to do that by
Although the new strategy meant major changes, it was
being different and by offering the best service. To achieve this,
important for the bank to remain true to its essential values.
we contacted experts in different fields to assist us,” says Hans
Hans Verner Larsen explains:
Verner Larsen, Managing Director of Max Bank. A make-over In designing a new and unconventional banking concept with a stronger emphasis on service than the competition, Max Bank worked with designer and homeliness expert Birgitte Rodh, consultancy firm Retail Institute Scandinavia, and ad agency COMING/1. “We made a deliberate choice to include competencies from a variety of industries in connection with the make-over of the bank, as we felt that this would ensure the
“Although, in a sense, the café concept helped introduce an entirely new style in Max Bank, the café is in fact just an extension and a reflection of the bank’s values and history. We have always been different and done things differently. Hence, the café concept was a good and credible modernisation of the bank.”
KEY FOCUS AREAS IN SERVICE DESIGN:
Service via design
Good advice from Max Bank •
Focus on living up to contemporary consumer
Be aware of the service opportunities in
the product you are handling
Talk to experts in other industries,
and consider whether you might transfer some
of their services to your own area of business.
GOOD SERVICE IS GOOD BUSINESS
that are built through frequent contacts and an informal
Max Bank has worked strategically with service design to be
approach. Our focus on service design has helped form the basis
able to meet any customer’s needs and maximise customer
for the bank’s close customer relations – and this is, essentially,
satisfaction. “In banking, good service is crucial for the bank’s
good for business,” says Hans Verner Larsen.
ability to maintain its customer base and bring in new customers to generate growth. Café-banking lets us adapt our services
NEW DESIGN HOLDS NEW POSSIBILITIES
to the individual customer. For example, parents can bring their
The café concept has renewed the bank space and set new
children, and while the parents discuss bank matters over a cup
standards for the way customers move through a Max Bank
of coffee in the soft furniture, the kids watch a cartoon in the
branch and what they can do while they are at the bank.
pillow corner with a bag of sweets. It is crucial for Max Bank to
In a traditional bank, the interior design tends to constrain
provide good service, as this turns a bank visit into a welcome
customer’s movements, as most service transactions take place
break for the customer,” says Hans Verner Larsen.
at the counter. The café setup offers the individual customer more latitude. Additionally, it helps create a less hierarchical
And Max Bank does offer a welcome break in many respects.
space, as there are no counters, desks, or counselling areas.
The café concept gives the individual customer additional
The bank’s focus on service design helps put bank and customer
reasons to visit the bank –having a cup of coffee with friends
on a more equal footing, which creates the basis for a financial
and family or reading the daily newspaper. While traditional
banks have short customer visits, Max Bank has extended visits because the café encourages customers to stick around. The
“Max Bank’s café design presents the bank as an open and
desire to make the customer spend more time at the bank also
laid-back company with an emphasis on service and an even
reflects the desire to establish a personal relationship between
dialogue. The café setup also provides flexibility, as tables,
bank and customer. “The café enables us to form financial
chairs and room-dividers are light and mobile. This design
friendships with our customers, based on close relationships
concept promotes mobility and personal choice. Max Bank’s interior design is a good example of user-oriented service design,” says designer and homeliness expert Birgitte Rodh.
A HOMELY BANK Since its implementation in 2004, café-banking has become an increasingly important platform for Max Bank’s services. While early versions at first sight looked like a café inside a bank the
between customer and bank,” says Hans Verner Larsen.
“We have used design to make the new branch more informal in order to promote a homely and relaxed atmosphere, and we have established a wireless internet connection. This lets customers handle their bank business in front of the computer in a homely setting. And that is a service that our customers appreciate,” says Hans Verner Larsen.
According to Max Bank, another reason why ‘bankliness’ was
But why homeliness in a bank? “We put a priority on making
replaced with homeliness is that things have changed in the
the latest new branch in Århus homely, because homeliness
world of banking, as most customers now handle their everyday
helps build a relationship between customer and bank. It also
financial business themselves on the computer. Hence,
promotes the bank’s core values: time, close relations, quality,
customers might only visit their bank a few times a year, unless
and innovation,” says Birgitte Rodh.
latest Max Bank branch in Århus looks more like a café than a bank. Only the flat-screen monitors with the latest economic figures reveals that this is a bank. “We chose this interior design approach because we wanted to move the living room into the public space and create a homely bank. It offers the customers a safe and natural environment and It´s a service we want to offer because homeliness provides a good basis for the meeting
the bank offers good, innovative services - this is a trend that Max Bank seeks to factor into the design of all its branches, particularly the latest one.
Pre-tax profit (in millions DKK)
Market value of the bank’s share capital (in millions DKK) 120
• six times higher over 4 years 800
• twice as high over 2 years
Design plays a key role in all Max Bank’s branches. Both the overall setting and the details have been approached from a design perspective to ensure consistency and a clear design philosophy. The Århus branch in particular expresses a strong DO YOUR HOMWORK BEFORE YOU ENGAGE
awareness of service design. “I paid very close attention to
IN A DESIGN PROCESS
Max Bank’s values, and based on these values we designed the bank together. I suggested that they use wood in the interior
Good advice from Max Bank
design, because wood is an organic material that takes a long time to mature. Using wood is an indirect way for Max Bank
1. Recognise your limitations:
to emphasise the core values of time and quality. Throughout
Be open-minded, and allow yourself to find
the design process we focused on making the interior design
inspiration in areas outside your own
express the service design and the values that Max Bank
represents: being the Danish bank with the best customer relations,” says Birgitte Rodh.
2. Ensure clarity:
You must be aware of your own values and
goals from the outset. Define your objectives
and expectations of the project, and make
sure that they match the designer’s goals
3. Find the right designer:
Do some market research and listen
4. Include design from the outset:
Include the design aspect in all work processes.
That ensures the best and most consistent
5. Get involved:
Be active, and take part in the design process.
It is important that you have a key role in
managing the process.
6. Be committed:
Involve the entire company in the design
process. This gives the employees a sense
of ownership over the project.
HOW DOES THE OUTCOME AFFECT THE FUTURE?
A CHANCE THAT PAID OFF The café concept meant taking a chance, even with the very thorough groundwork. Hans Verner Larsen puts it this way: “A distinct service design may attract new customers, but it also risks putting off existing customers. So we considered it carefully before we gave the go-ahead for the idea of combining bank and café.” The challenge with the café concept was that the traditional bank design with counters and counselling areas was gone, so the customers had to get used to the idea of discussing private financial issues in an open, public space. Despite this challenge, management decided to take the chance, based on a strong belief that design pays off and a certainty that the café concept was the right idea for modernising Max Bank. And the bank’s investment in service design did pay off. The year after the implementation of café-banking, Max Bank had the best result in its 100-year history. That year, the bank was also found to have the best customer satisfaction ratings among all banks in Denmark. The café concept also earned Max Bank a place in the 2006 Innovation Cup, where they were picked as one of the most innovative companies, in the same league as some of Denmark’s most acknowledged companies. Max Bank also represented Denmark at the Retail Institute’s international retail conference as the most innovative chain in Denmark. WHAT DOES THE FUTURE HOLD? Max Bank is part of a growing market with rapid development, where new competitors enter all the time. Thus, Max Bank has to continue to be innovative and improve its service design, if it is to keep the title as Denmark’s most customer-friendly bank.
“The evaluation of the experiences from Århus will form the basis for an assessment of the café concept and its future in other branches. But I can easily imagine a Max Bank in central Copenhagen, because our café concept forms the basis for good, customer-friendly service. That is why Max Bank is also going to be among the future banks in Denmark,” Hans Verner Larsen concludes.
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Text: Sanne Lund Hansen
The Danish Design Centre’s assignment is based on the Danish government’s design policy of promoting innovation and growth in Denmark and strengthening the international competitiveness of Danish businesses. The Centre is an independent institution under the Danish Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs. In addition, the Danish Design Centre handles a number of specific promotional tasks for the Danish Ministry of Culture. The Danish Design Centre’s vision is to document, promote and brand Danish design on a national and international level by:
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