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Moringa Seeds The seeds of the Moringa oleifera plant are among the most nutritious and useful botanical products available. These versatile seeds can be used in a variety of ways including as medicinal and herbal remedies, as nutritional supplements and for industrial and agricultural purposes. Moringa seeds are edible in both fresh and dried forms and, along with the seed pods that contain them, can be prepared in numerous ways as both food and medicine. The medicinal properties of the moringa seed are well documented in the scientific literature and are further supported by the experiences of generations of traditional Ayurvedic practitioners. While many parts of Moringa Oleifera trees are deemed useful, the seeds are especially prized for their medicinal powers. The seeds have valuable properties that enable them to treat a wide array of illnesses and conditions. The National Charity for Organic Growing has studied the efficacy of Moringa Oleifera seeds as a medial treatment and found that they provide legitimate relief for many medical problems. These include rheumatism, gout, sexually transmitted diseases, urinary infections, boils, and even epilepsy. When used as medicine, the seeds are pounded and mixed with coconut oil. Often, seed oil derived from the Moringa Oleifera seeds will be used in place of the mashed seeds Moringa seeds in traditional medicine The seeds of the moringa plant have been used in Ayurveda medical practice for centuries to treat a variety of ailments and to improve overall health in patients. The antibiotic properties of moringa seeds make them valuable in poultices and topical treatments for bacterial infections and other conditions of the skin. Taken internally, moringa seeds have traditionally been used to reduce the frequency of epileptic fits and to treat arthritis and rheumatoid disorders. Moringa seeds are also recommended by traditional practitioners to treat a variety of sexual dysfunctions and to improve sex drive in both men and women. Modern medical uses The antibiotic properties of moringa seeds have been proven in laboratory testing. Moringa seeds can be used to treat fungal infections as well due to the presence of pterygospermin, a naturally occurring antibiotic present throughout the moringa plant. Additionally, the high protein and iron content of these seeds make them a valuable resource in combating malnutrition and anemia in developing regions of the world. Nutritional value Moringa Oleifera seeds, are eaten like green peas. The peas are harvested until they harden and strained or boiled to remove the bitter coating. The seeds offer concentrated nutrients including amino


acids, proteins and a wide range of vitamins and minerals, making them an outstanding supplement for stressed and hurried individuals and a solid source of nutrition for undernourished populations around the world. The nuts can be served fresh or dried and often are pressed to remove the oil they contain, which is useful for cooking and can be added to other dishes to boost their nutrient content as well. Water purification Moringa Oleifera seed powder is particularly effective in purifying water. This is important in many societies, where the only drinking water available may come from a dirty river or lake. The Moringa Oleifera seed powder removes dirt by joining with the particles and sinking to the bottom. It also is extremely effective in removing harmful bacteria from bodies of water. Moringa Oleifera seed powder is much more economical, and arguably, safer than aluminum sulfate and other chemicals traditionally used in water purification. When crushed and added to turbid water, moringa seeds can serve to purify it for drinking and other uses. This cleansing property is the result of the coagulating nature of the moringa seed, which can speed water clarification and allow water to settle and become safe to drink much more quickly. The use of moringa seeds in water purification is expected to provide healthier, safer drinking water for many areas of the world in which technologically advanced methods are not available. Agriculture Ground and defatted moringa seeds can be used to supplement animal feed or as fertilizer for crops and enrichment of soil, allowing farmers and ranchers to enjoy increased production and improved results from their agricultural endeavors. A source for biofuel Because moringa seeds are rich in natural oils, they have been considered as a potential source for biofuel materials. Newer extraction techniques may make this even more profitable and prevalent as fossil fuels supplies continue to shrink. Conclusion The Moringa Oleifera tree provides some of the most useful and valuable seeds on earth. The Moringa Oleifera seeds create powerful and natural medicines used to heal a variety of ailments. In addition, Moringa Oleifera is used to purify water, feed animals and clean cooking. The extracts can produce powerful fertilizers and pesticides that keep other plants healthy.


List of chemical in the Moringa Seed: Chemical

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2,4-METHYLENE-CHOLESTEROL 28-ISOAVENASTEROL 4-(ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYLOXY)-BENZYLGLUCOSINOLATE 4-(ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYLOXY)-BENZYLISOTHIOCYANATE

80000 100000

ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL ARACHIDIC-ACID

16600 39000

ASH

32000 33333

BEHENIC-ACID

17200 43000

BETA-CAROTENE

100

BETA-SITOSTEROL BRASSICASTEROL CAMPESTANOL CAMPESTEROL CARBOHYDRATES CHOLESTEROL CLEROSTEROL DELTA-5-AVENASTEROL DELTA-7,14-STIGMASTANOL DELTA-7-AVENASTEROL DELTA-TOCOPHEROL EICOSANIC-ACID ERGOSTADIENOL

199000 207290


Chemical

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FAT

200000 500000

FIBER

35000 36450

GADOLEIC-ACID

4800

12700

GAMMA-TOCOPHEROL GLUCOSINOLATES

70000

LIGNOCERIC-ACID MYRISTIC-ACID OLEIC-ACID

120000 380000

PALMITIC-ACID

6000

PROTEIN

384000 400000

STEARIC-ACID

6000

60000

60000

STIGMASTANOL STIGMASTEROL TOCOPHEROLS WATER

40000


Moringa Leaf The leaves of the Moringa oleifera plant have been used as food and in medicinal preparations for centuries. Modern medical research also bears out the value of these versatile leaves, making them a valuable natural resource for a wide range of uses in the medical and nutritional field. Because the Moringa plant can be grown in climates where other food plants might struggle, including semi-arid and tropical areas, its leaves can serve as a nutritional supplement to people in regions where naturally occurring food sources are scarce. The Moringa plant can also survive on very little water; a definite advantage in many areas where desertification and climate change are creating widespread malnutrition among the inhabitants. Nutritional value Moringa leaves are especially useful in combating hunger since they can be dried and transported easily and provide much needed protein and Vitamin C, along with numerous other nutrients, vitamins and minerals. The leaves are particularly useful for infants, young children and nursing mothers, since they contain significant amounts of calcium, proteins and other vital elements for growth and healthy development. Where fresh Moringa leaves are available, they are typically cooked in a similar way to spinach or other greens, and served as a side dish with other foods or as a nutritive main course. They can also be used raw as a salad green and combined with other leafy vegetables or grains. Dried leaves are usually sprinkled on other foods to increase their nutritional value or taken in supplement form or in a steeped tea, though the latter may lose some of the food value if the leaves are not also consumed with the drink. Traditional Ayurvedic uses for the moringa leaf Ayurveda is the most commonly practiced form of traditional medicine in India. Practitioners of Ayurvedic medicine incorporate the Moringa leaf into many of their healing techniques. The moringa leaf has been used in Ayurveda to treat: Gastrointestinal upsets including ulcers and diarrhea Headache Inflammation Anemia Fever Minor respiratory difficulties Eye infections


Poor nutrition Bronchitis Inner ear infections Skin infections when used as a topical application Modern medical uses A number of peer-reviewed research studies provide support for the use of Moringa leaves in therapeutic applications. The Moringa leaf contains powerful antioxidants that have proven their effectiveness against cancer cells in the laboratory environment; additionally, Moringa leaves increase milk production and the nutritional value of the milk in nursing mothers. Moringa leaves are also used therapeutically to treat high blood pressure with good results. Other uses for moringa leaves Moringa leaves have been used as food for stock animals and even in fishery applications in order to provide more nutrition. The high protein content of the Moringa leaf helps animals to grow more quickly, and Moringa leaves are far cheaper than most other sources of protein for fish and farm animals. Moringa leaves have also shown great promise in enhancing the growth of other plants; an extract of the leaves diluted in ethanol can increase the sturdiness of the plant as well as the number and size of the fruit produced, enhancing the overall harvest and improving the productivity of agricultural endeavors. The potential value of Moringa leaves in diet and agriculture cannot be overestimated. The leaves of the Moringa plant offer a wide range of health and nutritional benefits while providing solid results for a number of other agricultural and livestock activities. Moringa Oleifera Leaves Medicinal uses: Antimicrobial / Biocidal

Bacterial Infection Urinary Tract Infection Viral Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1) HIV-AIDS


Parasites Helminths Trypanosomes Other / Not Attributed to a Specific Bronchitis External Sores/Ulcers Fever Hepatic Fever Cancer Therapy / Protection

Anti-tumor Prostate Radioprotective

Circulatory/Endocrine Disorders

Anti-anemic Anti-hypertensive Cardiotonic Diabetes/hypoglycemia Diuretic Hypocholestemia Thyroid Hepatorenal

Digestive Disorders

Colitis Diarrhea Dysentery Ulcer / Gastritis


Inflammation

Rheumatism Edema

Nervous Disorders

Headache

Reproductive Health

Lactation Enhancer

Skin Disorders

Antiseptic

General Disorders/Conditions

Catarrh Lactation Hepatamegaly Scurvy Tonic

This information is based on the article published at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, by Jed W. Fahey, Sc.D. Moringa oleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1. By Jed W. Fahey, Sc.D. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Lewis B. and Dorothy Cullman Cancer Chemoprotection Center, 725 N. Wolfe Street, 406 WBSB, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 21205-2185 Read full article List of Chemicals Present in the Moringa Leaf: Chemical

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ASCORBIC-ACID

2200

8800

ASH

23000 92000

BETA-CAROTENE

18

72

CALCIUM

4400

17600

CARBOHYDRATES

134000 536000

CAFFEIC-ACID


Chemical

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CHOLINE

Hi PPM 4230

COPPER

1

FAT

17000 68000

FIBER

9000

FLUORINE

4

36000 4

IODINE

0.05

0.7

IRON

70

280

KAEMPFEROL NIAZIMIN OXALATE

32400

OXALIC-ACID

1010

PHOSPHORUS

700

2800

PROLAMINE PROTEIN

67000 268000

QUERCETIN RIBOFLAVIN

0.6

SULFUR TOCOPHEROLS WATER

6 1370

74

296 750000


Moringa Roots The Moringa oleifera plant is one of the most useful plants known and offers numerous medical and nutritional benefits for users. Used for centuries in traditional Indian medicine, it has proven its effectiveness as a medicinal herb in scientific trials as well. The roots of the moringa plant offer a concentrated form of many of the chemical compounds found throughout the rest of the plant and can provide therapeutic benefits for many conditions and ailments. Caution should be exercised when using the roots of the moringa plant due to the higher chemical concentration found in these parts of the plant; additionally, the roots sometimes contain traces of a paralyzing agent called spirochin that can be dangerous for sensitive individuals or if taken in extremely large quantities. Moringa roots in traditional medicine The restorative and healthful benefits of the moringa root have been used by Ayurvedic practitioners in India for centuries to treat a wide variety of ailments. The roots are especially useful in controlling disorders of the circulatory system including minor cardiovascular complaints. In small doses, moringa roots can be used to stimulate the appetite and improve the function of the digestive tract, making it useful for individuals with gastric upset and irritable bowel syndrome. Additionally, the roots have been used in controlled doses to treat impotence, sexual dysfunction, female reproductive tract issues and to bring on menstruation. In poultice form, the roots are used for cramps and arthritis pains. Moringa roots are diuretic and may have some antiseptic qualities in topical use as well. Modern medical uses Moringa roots have been investigated by medical researchers to determine their effectiveness against a number of ailments. Solid evidence exists that the moringa root contains elements that can combat epithelial ovarian cancer and provide new hope for cancer sufferers. Additionally, scientific studies have shown that moringa root extracts can help to reduce or eliminate kidney stones by allowing the body to flush calcium and phosphates from the kidneys more efficiently. General studies have also shown improved overall kidney function in subjects treated with moringa root extracts. Moringa roots can be used as anti-inflammatory agents with solid results in laboratory rats showing reduced swelling and improved healing in edema and other artificially induced inflammations. Finally, the analgesic and soporific effects of moringa root compounds have undergone rigorous scientific testing and have been found to be useful in supplementing pharmaceutical remedies, allowing patients to experience longer, less interrupted sleep when taking pain medications. Other uses The harvested roots from Moringa Oleifera trees serve a wide variety of purposes. Moringa Oleifera roots are important agents of healing and nourishment. The roots are used to create medicines,


perfumes, natural pesticides, fertilizers, cleaning agents, animal fodder and many other important products. Moringa Oleifera Roots can also be used for culinary purposes. When Moringa Oleifera seedlings are 60 centimeters tall or shorter, their roots can be used to create special sauce. The tree's bark is removed and vinegar and salt are added to the ground up roots and bark. The resulting sauce is very similar to horseradish and is used as a spice or condiment. The sauce can also serve medicinal purposes. Those suffering malnutrition are encouraged to consume the sauce made from the Moringa Oleifera roots as it contains high levels of fiber, protein, vitamins and minerals, which are known to bring about a quick recovery. Moringa Oleifera Roots contribute to society in a variety of ways. They create powerful medicines and their sauce is considered a nutritional delicacy. Surely, the Moringa Oleifera will be treasured for generations to come. Moringa Oleifera Root Medicinal Uses: Antimicrobial / Biocidal

Bacterial Dental Caries/Toothache Viral Common cold Parasites Trypanosomes Other / Not Attributed to a Specific External Sores/Ulcers Fever

Asthma Circulatory/Endocrine Disorders

Cardiotonic Diuretic Hepatorenal

Digestive Disorders

Diarrhea Dysentery Flatulence


Inflammation

Rheumatism Edema

Nervous Disorders

Anti-spasmodic Epilepsy Hysteria Headache

Reproductive Health

Abortifacient Aphrodisiac

Skin Disorders

Astringent Rubefacient Vesicant

General Disorders/Conditions

Gout Hepatamegaly Low.Back/Kidney Pain Scurvy Splenomegaly

This information is based on the article published at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, by Jed W. Fahey, Sc.D. Moringa oleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1. By Jed W. Fahey, Sc.D. Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, Lewis B. and Dorothy Cullman Cancer Chemoprotection Center, 725 N. Wolfe Street, 406 WBSB, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 21205-2185 Read full article List of chemicals present in the roots: Chemical

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Chemical 1-BETA-D-GLUCOSYL-2,6-DIMETHYL-BENZOATE 4-(ALPHA-L-RHAMNOSYLOXY)-BENZYLGLUCOCYANATE

10000

BENZYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE GLUCOTROPAEOLIN

500

PHYTOSTEROLS PTERYGOSPERMIN SPIROCHIN ALKALOIDS

1000

BENZYL-AMINE MORINGINE MORINGININE

Moringa Oil The properties of the Moringa Oleifera oil have been known for centuries: Egyptians buried vials of the life-giving Moringa Oleifera oil in their tombs, Arabs in the desert spread the oil on their faces to ward off the ravages of sun and wind, ancient Romans prized the oil as a stable foundation for perfumery. The tree offers all these benefits and more; Moringa products offer an almost limitless potential for good. The Moringa provides food, for man and beast: the tender pods are tasty when young and are often added to curries; the older pods serve well as animal fodder. The leaves of the tree are very nutritious and are very popular in South Africa and all over Asia. A meal in the southern part of India is considered incomplete without some Moringa dish. Even the roots provide a spice very similar to horseradish, but it must be used very sparingly, as the roots include a potentially fatal ingredient.


The entire plant, whatever part is eaten, is known to provide a high protein content, high vitamin and mineral content, and quality carbohydrate. The seeds yield a whopping 42% of their weight in a very high quality, stable oil, a property discovered centuries ago by the Indians. They used the light and pleasant-tasting oil in cooking and in healing as well. Ayurvedic medicine relies heavily on the products of the Moringa tree: the bark of the trunk the roots, the leaves, flowers, fruit, seeds and gum. Modern studies are beginning to confirm the importance of Moringa in medicine. Another useful property of the Moringa tree and its seeds is that, after the seeds are cold-pressed to expel their valuable oil, the remaining substance can be used to purify water. Almost miraculously, the particles of Moringa seed cake attract solids in water, and since bacteria cling to the solids, the water is purified and made safe to drink. In most countries of the world, this alone would be reason to cultivate the tree. But of all the potentially beneficial creations of the Moringa Tree, the oil stands alone, truly the star of the Moringa family of products. For example, Moringa oil is very stable and has an extremely long shelf life (5 years or more). This stability makes it natural as a carrier oil volatile fragrances, hence its popularity for use in high quality perfumes, a quality exploited centuries ago by Romans, and before them, by the Egyptians. Skin allergies, irritations, wounds, and blemishes are all healed by Moringa oil. It has high antioxidant properties, making it a valuable source of Vitamins A, C, and E; it is one of the highest naturally occurring sources of antioxidants. Moringa Oil contains 4 times the collagen of Carrot Oil, thus helping to rebuild skin’s collagen fibers, which minimizes wrinkling. Moringa oil, being very light and pleasant-tasting is similar to Olive oil in being a monounsaturated fat, and so is good for healthier eating. It spreads easily on the skin, and so is a fine massage oil and base for essential oils. The oil itself is also known as Behen oil, a good rub for a pregnant woman’s belly. Soothing and softening to the skin, Moringa oil has moisturizing, nourishing, and emollient properties, and also excellent cleaning ability. Modern uses are found in soap, perfumes, shampoos, and other skin care products. Moringa oil is useful in cleaning hair and scalp. The light properties of Moringa oil led to its discovery as a lubricant for fine machinery. This was known as Ben Oil, and is well known to watchmakers and other fine craftsmen. Moringa Oil has long been known to provide a high quality fuel for lamps, giving a clear, smokeless light. The ability of the Moringa tree to provide so many quality uses leads one to believe that this tree might be the saving grace of planet Earth.


Moringa Flowers The fragrant Moringa Oleifera flowers are creamy white in color, with yellow stamens. The flowers average about one inch in diameter and they first bloom when the tree is eight months old, and after that, Moringa Oleifera blooms every year from the month of April until September. Moringa Oleifera flowers are considered a delicacy in many locales. They are often mixed into other foods, especially salads. Other regions prefer to fry the flowers in batter and eat the fried Moringa Oleifera flowers as a snack. Especially popular is Moringa Oleifera tea-the flowers sit in hot water for at least five minutes to let the distinctive flavor brew. The tea is not only well loved for the nutritional benefits-in many places, tea brewed from Moringa Oleifera flowers is considered to be a powerful medicine. Ayurvedic medicine has long recognized the utility of the Moringa oleifera plant in treating a number of diseases. The plant itself offers significant nutritional benefits and contains proteins, amino acids and a wide range of vitamins and minerals, making it an outstanding food and supplement for vegans and vegetarians. Moringa flowers are especially prized for both medicinal and nutritional purposes and are even used in cosmetic preparations and perfumes. The cream-colored flowers with deep yellow centers are quite beautiful and fragrant and can be cut for ornamental display in homes and offices as well, providing a clean floral scent for the surrounding area. Traditional medicine Moringa flowers are often brewed into a strong medicinal tea or pressed for the juice they contain. In both cases, the resulting drink is used in Ayurvedic practice to treat urinary tract infections, to manage the symptoms of the common cold and as a supplement for breast-feeding women to help increase the flow of milk and the nutritional value it provides to babies. Moringa flowers have also been used as an aid to weight loss as they contain a powerful diuretic that can reduce bloating and water retention. Additionally, moringa flowers can help to strengthen liver function and protect against tissue damage caused by prescription and nonprescription medications. The flowers of the moringa plant are considered to be useful in combating impotence, lack of sexual desire and other sexual dysfunctions. Modern medical uses Recent studies have shown that extracts from the moringa flower can be used to reduce inflammation and muscle spasms in laboratory rats. The diuretic effects of moringa flower extract can reduce the incidence of edema and swelling and help the body more effectively heal after an injury or illness. Additionally, moringa flowers contain powerful antibiotic agents that can help combat infection when used topically or taken internally. The chemical compounds in moringa flowers have been proven to reduce high blood pressure and to help control the blood sugar fluctuations experienced by patients with diabetes, making the extracts from these flower pharmaceutically valuable.


Nutritional value Moringa flowers contain vital amino acids and are excellent sources of calcium and potassium, making them a valuable supplement for nursing mothers. The flowers of the moringa plant are said to taste similar to mushrooms and can be prepared in a number of ways. Moringa flower chutney is often stewed with other vegetables and served as a sauce or side dish. The fresh flowers can be battered and fried as a delicious and healthy snack food. In Bangladesh the flowers are often cooked with coconut, garlic, cumin and other spices to create a traditional springtime dish known as sojne phool. A tea brewed from the flowers is often consumed as a health tonic and an accompaniment to many Indian meals. Cosmetics and perfumes Moringa Oleifera flowers are also used cosmetically. The fragrant Moringa Oleifera produces perfumes and hair oils. They are also commonly displayed inside homes where the flowers act as natural "air-freshners." Moringa Oleifera flowers serve a variety of purposes-medicinal, cosmetic and nutritional. It is no wonder the Moringa Oleifera is so highly valued across cultures. The flowers provide significant topical antioxidant benefits for the skin and hair as well as a light floral scent. Moringa flowers have also been incorporated into aromatherapy practice and are the basis for a number of perfumes and colognes. List of Chemical in the Moringa Flower: Chemical

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KAEMPFEROL QUERCETIN

Moringa Fruits (Pods) The seed pods (fruits) of the Moringa oleifera tree are one of the most nutritive and useful parts of this versatile plant. Also known as drumsticks due to their elongated shape, the seed pods are used in a variety of traditional and modern medical treatments and are consumed as food in many areas of the world. The durable, drought-resistant nature of the moringa tree makes it a


valuable source of nutrition in regions where water is scarce. Moringa seed pods are used to treat drinking water supplies as well due to their natural coagulant properties that allow particulates to settle in turbid water. While relatively unheard of in the West, the Moringa Oleifera tree is well known to the inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent and throughout Southeast Asia. While virtually every part of the Moringa down to the roots can be used for one purpose or another, the fruit of the tree is particularly valuable, both as a highly nutritious food source, and in a number of other applications. In appearance, the Moringa tree's fruit resembles long, thin beans or pea pods. During vegetative growth they are white in color, changing to brown when they reach maturity. The seeds inside, which are as highly prized by local populations as the fruit, number between 5 to 20 per fruit. The fruit itself is characterized by a taste that can be described as similar to asparagus. Moringa tree fruit look somewhat like drumsticks, which is why it is sometimes referred to as the "drumstick tree".


One of the reasons for the great popularity of Moringa tree fruit in balmy southern Asian areas as well as other tropical regions is its great versatility as a food source, as well as the natural healing power of products made from it. In traditional Indian cuisine, Moringa Olifeira fruit is often prepared in much the same way as beans and can be cooked in a variety of manners, whether fried or incorporated into sambar or curry dishes. As they tend to keep well over an extended period of time, they are perfect for storage and later use. Moringa fruit, like almost any other part of the tree, is particularly prized for its high nutritional value. Due to a plethora of vitamins and micronutrients, the fruit of the tree is well known for promoting good health and helping to alleviate a host of ailments. With the growing availability of Moringa powder as a health supplement, people beyond the Moringa Oleifera's native environment are finding out what those in the tropics already know about its numerous benefits. Traditional medical uses Moringa seed pods are used in the Ayurvedic medical tradition as a specific cure for worms and parasites. Seed pods are also crushed and applied topically to treat minor skin inflammations, warts and infections. The oil contained in the seed pods can be used to reduce inflammation caused by arthritis, rheumatism and gout. Moringa seed pods contain complex chemical compounds with antibiotic and antioxidant properties that can boost the body’s own natural immune system. As a result, the seed pods are often recommended by Ayurvedic practitioners for patients with digestive upsets and abdominal tumorsv. Modern medical applications Moringa seed pod husks are a bountiful low-cost source of activated carbon, an important medical tool in the treatment of ingested poisons. Unlike other sources of activated carbon that can require extensive processing prior to use, moringa seed husks can be processed using single-step steam pyrolysis, a simple method that can be performed even in remote areas and without advanced technological tools. The chemical compounds in moringa seed pods have also been scientifically proven to reduce swelling and inflammation, making them valuable treatments for arthritis and other inflammatory diseases. Nutritional value The seed pods of the moringa plant are highly nutritious with one cup of fresh drumstick pods containing well over 200% of the daily recommendation for Vitamin C set forth by the FDA. Moringa seed pods are rich in proteins and amino acids necessary for health and proper physical function and are high in calcium and potassium. These versatile seed pods are eaten as vegetables in many parts of the world and are cooked in much the same way as green beans. Moringa seed pods taste similar to asparagus and can be seasoned in the same fashion; they can also be fried or incorporated into curries, soups and sambars as a tasty vegetable component of these spicy combination dishes.


Other uses Moringa seed pods are currently being used to purify water in a number of remote areas where technologically advanced methods of water purification are not practical. The oil contained in moringa seed pods contains a natural coagulant that interacts with impurities in the water and allows them to settle safely to the bottom, providing fresh drinking water in areas where dirt and other contaminants typically render water supplies unsafe for human consumption. Because moringa seed pods are completely nontoxic and safe for consumption themselves, the resulting water is safer for drinking and other personal uses. Additionally, crushed moringa seed pods can often be acquired at little or no cost from industrial sources that produce this seed pod presscake as a byproduct of moringa oil extraction, making this water treatment method a cost-effective and efficient use of limited resources in less developed parts of the world. List of Chemicals in the Moringa Fruit: Chemical

Lo PPM

ASCORBIC-ACID

Hi PPM 1200

ASH

9700 82200

CALCIUM

300

CARBOHYDRATES

85300 722880

CHOLINE

2545

4230

FAT

2000 16950

FIBER

13000 110170

INDOLE-ACETIC-ACID INDOLEACETONITRILE IRON

3

30

KILOCALORIES

370

3135

MAGNESIUM

450

3815

NIACIN

2

52

OXALIC-ACID

1010


Chemical

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PHOSPHORUS

500

4235

POTASSIUM

4610 39065

PROTEIN

21000 177965

RIBOFLAVIN

0.7

6.3

SODIUM

420

3560

SULFUR

1370

THIAMIN

0.5

4.5

VIT-B-6

1

10

WATER

882000

Moringa Stem & Shoots Moringa Oleifera has been a God-send for many developing nations, which depend on the tree's medicinal properties. Many villages are also nourished chiefly by the roots, branches, leaves, flowers and seeds harvested from the Moringa Oleifera tree. Moringa Oleifera bark and branches are not as useful in culinary uses as the leaves, seeds, fruit and flowers. The bark's gum is occasionally used as food seasoning. Instead, the bark and branches are used extensively as animal fodder. Moringa Oleifera seedlings are especially nutriious for cattle and pigs. These animals can live exclusively on Moringa Oleifera if other plants are not available. Ideally, Moringa Oleifera will make up three quarters of the diet of pigs or cattle. Moringa Oleifera bark, like the roots, has very concentrated antibiotic properties. These properties effectively treat a host of diseases and conditions. They serve as an effective treatment for everything from gout to sexually transmitted diseases and even arthritis. Of course, since the concentration is very high in the bark, great care and caution must be exercised.


Moringa Oleifera wood is not suited to building. However, the lightweight wood makes great fuel for cooking and can be made into viscose resin and paper. When beaten, the bark can be turned to fiber and woven into ropes, mats, rugs and even clothing. Moringa Oleifera is used in a variety of contexts. Moringa Oleifera bark and branches may not be edible like the seeds and flowers, but is nonetheless central to many a village's economy. List of Chemicals in the Moringa Stem: Lo PPM

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Chemical

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ALANINE

5320 24930

ARGININE

5320 24930

ASCORBIC-ACID

517

ASH

22600 105900

ASPARTIC-ACID

9200 43110

BETA-CAROTENE

45

CARBOHYDRATES

82800 388000

Chemical 4-HYDROXYMELLEIN BASSORIN BETA-SITOSTEROL BETA-SITOSTERONE EMULSIN MYROSIN OCTACOSANOIC-ACID VANILLIN List of Chemicals in the Moringa Shoots:

2425

215


Chemical

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CYSTINE

1400 6560

FAT

14000 65600

FIBER

15000 70290

GLUTAMIC-ACID

10350 48500

GLYCINE

5170 24225

HISTIDINE

1960 9185

IRON

40

ISOLEUCINE

4510 21135

KILOCALORIES

640

LEUCINE

7910 37065

LYSINE

5370 25165

MAGNESIUM

1470 6890

METHIONINE

1230 5765

NIACIN

8

PHENYLALANINE

4870 22820

PHOSPHORUS

1120 5250

POTASSIUM

3370 15790

PROLINE

4510 21135

PROTEIN

94000 440485

RIBOFLAVIN

6

SERINE

4140 19400

SODIUM

90

420

THIAMIN

2

12

185

3000

105

30


Chemical

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THREONINE

4110 19260

TRYPTOPHAN

1440 6745

TYROSINE

3470 16260

VALINE

6110 28630

VIT-B-6

12

WATER

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56 786600

Moringa Information Hope for the Future: The Moringa Tree The Moringa genus is the only member of the Moringaceae family, and it encompasses a wide range of plants, including flowering herbs and trees. The best known species within the genus is Moringa oleifera, commonly known as Horseradish tree, Benzolive, Kelor or Drumstick tree; the latter name is because of the drumstick-like shape of the long, curved seed pods characteristic of this species. This tree is native to the area surrounding the Himalayas in India but can grow anywhere in tropical and semi-arid climates. It grows to about ten meters in height and produces leaves and pods even when water supplies are scarce, allowing it to thrive in arid climates where few other plants can survive. Best known for its exceptional usefulness as a food and medicinal plant, nearly every part of Moringa oleifera can be used in one way or another to benefit humans and provide food and other valuable materials for farming and fuel needs.


Read more about Moringa oleifera: An abundant source of food The superior nutritional value of Moringa oleifera Moringa as a valuable traditional medicine tool Modern medical applications of Moringa Water purification with Moringa oleifera seeds Bio-fuel applications of Moringa oleifera Agricultural applications of Moringa oleifera Current Moringa throughout the world An abundant source of food


The pods and leaves of Moringa trees are used for food in numerous cultures throughout the world. First cultivated in Northern India, it was incorporated into a number of religious and cultural observances, some of which continue to this day. Oil derived from the seeds of the Moringa was used as food and in unguents by the ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians and were part of the Ayurvedic health diet in India. The tree’s hardy nature and multitude of uses has led to its cultivation in many areas including the West Indies, where it is a valuable source of food and oil products. The leaves, flowers and seed pods of the tree are highly nutritional and provide a number of necessary nutrients, including protein, beta carotene, calcium and Vitamin C. Because the Moringa tree can be grown in a wide range of climates and requires little water in order to produce leaves, pods and flowers, it is well suited to provide nutrition in areas of the world where food is scarce, including Asia and Africa. Every part of the tree can be consumed or used by either humans or animals, making it even more useful for combating malnutrition in these areas of the world. This is especially important for young children, pregnant women and lactating mothers who require additional nutritional support during these critical formative stages. The calcium and other nutrients available in the plant products offer solid food value at a minimal cost for these high-risk individuals. A number of organizations also recommend the plant as a food source for AIDS patients, who may require additional vitamin and mineral supplements to remain


relatively healthy due to their weakened immune systems. Back to top The superior nutritional value of Moringa oleifera One great advantage of the Moringa tree in providing food for undernourished populations is the exceptional shelf life of the foods provided. The leaves of the tree can be used fresh, cooked in the same way as spinach or dried and stored for months without requiring refrigeration. Fresh pods are known as drumsticks and are often served in much the same way as green beans; they typically are described as having a taste somewhat similar to asparagus. Dried leaves can be stirred into a sauce or consumed on their own depending on available dietary options. The dried leaves retain all or nearly all of their nutritional value, allowing storage even in tropical conditions. The leaves and seed pods are excellent botanical sources of protein, a nutrient that is often in short supply in developing regions. The protein present in the leaves is highly digestible and can be used as a supplemental food for infants; because the tree continues to bear leaves even at the end of the dry season, it is especially well suited to serve as a food source in semi-arid conditions like those found in much of Africa. The fresh leaves are an outstanding source of Vitamin C, while the dried leaf powder offers a more concentrated version of the same nutrients including about ten times the Vitamin A available from fresh carrots. Other vitamins and minerals present in the plant leaves and seed pods include high concentrations of calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium and the B vitamins. Even in areas where food is relatively abundant, the exceptional nutritional content of these plants and seeds have led to their use in complete vitamin and mineral supplements. To learn more about the Vitamins, Amino-acids, Minerals & Antioxidants in the Moringa vist Nutritional values page. Back to top Moringa oleifera as a valuable traditional medicine tool Moringa leaves, pods and roots have been used for centuries in Ayurveda treatments. Ayurveda tradition says that the plant offers remedies for 300 different conditions; as a result, its leaves and pods have been used in traditional Indian medical practices for anemia, high and low blood pressure, blood disorders, skin blemishes, fever and many other ailments. It has even been used to treat bronchitis and other respiratory disorders, as well as tuberculosis and cholera. Many Ayurvedic practitioners recommend a tonic of the leaves for liver disorders and childbirth discomfort, since a


natural antibiotic action is present in the chemical components present in the leaves and seeds. Additionally, oil pressed from the seeds is used as a topical application for a variety of skin and muscle ailments. Moringa decoctions have also been used to treat intestinal worms and a variety of sexual ailments. In traditional and Ayurvedic medicine, the plant has also been used to treat eye and ear infections, diarrhea, joint pain, hysteria and glandular disorders and is considered to be a preventative measure for a number of different types of cancer, especially skin cancers and cancers of the digestive or glandular systems. It is also used to treat certain cancers after they manifest themselves. Back to top Modern medical applications of Moringa oleifera Long overlooked by the medical establishment, the medical benefits of Moringa have only recently been explored in the scientific setting. A number of recent studies have shown evidence that the plant is useful in boosting the levels of certain antioxidant enzymes within the body and reducing the overall level of toxic substances retained in body tissue; this may reduce the risk of cancer in individuals who include this versatile plant in their daily diet. The plants contain a compound called pterygospermin that contains a powerful natural antibiotic and antimicrobial substance known as benzyl isothiocyanate. This antibiotic has been proven effective against Helicobacter pylori, one of the most pervasive microbial threats to residents of poverty stricken areas around the globe. Helicobacter pylori can cause gastritis and may be responsible for duodenal and gastric ulcerations, as well as gastric cancer. Benzyl isothiocyanate acts as a near-specific antibiotic counter to this microbe and can help to protect against the microbe’s negative effects on the body even at low dosages. Additionally, a study conducted by Bharali, Tabassum and Azad and published in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention in 2003 showed a correlation between ingestion of benzyl isothiocyanate compounds and a reduction in skin cancer growths in mice. While further research is needed, the evidence for the pharmaceutical benefits of Moringa plant compounds continues to mount with further research. To learn more about the medicinal uses of Moringa oleifera, visit the Medicinal Uses page. Back to top Water purification with Moringa oleifera Another use for the seed pods of the Moringa tree is in water purification and treatment processes. The crushed seeds serve as a coagulant that attracts suspended particles in the water and allows them to settle to the bottom, leaving pure, clean water at the top of the treatment container. The process requires mature seed pods rather than the immature ones preferred for cooking purposes. The seeds


are removed from the shell and the seed coats are removed; any discolored or misshapen seeds are discarded during this phase, leaving relatively uniform seed kernels. The seeds are crushed and mixed with water to create a paste; this paste is then mixed and thoroughly shaken together with a larger quantity of water to produce a solution. The solution is filtered through cloth or mesh and then mixed together with the water to be treated. The coagulant properties of the crushed seeds allow this solution to attract the particulate matter suspended in the dirty water and to move it safely to the bottom allowing the pure water to be removed from the top; the purification process requires at least two hours for full effectiveness. Because these seeds are safe and nontoxic, the water is ready for use right away rather than requiring a secondary course of purification. One kernel typically can treat up to one liter of the dirtiest water, making this an economically sound means of water purification for distant areas. One drawback of the method is that if the water is left undisturbed for too long, secondary contamination can occur, especially if the water is left uncovered. This form of water treatment does not remove all impurities and should typically only be used in cases where the water supply is presumed to be free of chemical or biological contamination. Water purification is considered to be one of the most important functions of the plant because shortages of fresh, pure water are increasingly worrisome in locations all around the world. This new method of purification can produce wholesome drinking water even in isolated or technologically disadvantaged areas of the world. Back to top Bio-fuel applications of Moringa oleifera


Moringa seed pod oil can also be used to produce bio-diesel for commercial and industrial applications. While Atrophy continues to dominate the bio-diesel marketplace, a number of companies are exploring the potential of Moringa seed pod oil in this regard. Jatropha oil has a number of drawbacks, including the toxic nature of the product itself; the Jatropha plant produces less oil per acre than the Moringa plant and requires alkaline soils for best results; additionally, the oil and the plant are mildly poisonous and must be handled carefully in order to protect those who come in contact with them. By contrast, the oil produced from the Moringa plant meets the standards required in order to be considered suitable for bio-diesel applications, which include an appropriate cetane index number to ensure solid ignition, a superior iodine number for fuel stability and a solid cold filter plugging point for use in colder climates. The oil pressed from the seed pods meets the applicable ASTM standards for these criteria. Ironically, one factor that has discouraged companies from making use of the oil in bio-diesel production is the overall usefulness of the plant in food production. Many companies prefer to use plant material that is not also useful for food, allowing a larger percentage of the population to benefit from the plant. However, a number of smaller companies are exploring the usefulness of the plant in producing bio-diesel; especially in the Philippines, the hardy nature of the Moringa plant and the abundance of seed pod materials could provide a steady source of income for farmers and an added source of renewable, green fuel for generations of drivers and a large number of commercial and industrial needs. One major advantage of the tree over other bio-diesel fuels is that no part is wasted; the crushed seed kernels and other parts of the plant can be ground up and used as animal fodder in nearly all cases. Bio-diesel applications may offer financial hope for poverty-stricken communities and provide income streams that can help them improve services and conditions to


enhance the quality of life in even the most underdeveloped and technologically backwards environments. Back to top Agricultural applications of Moringa oleifera Moringa has a number of agricultural uses as well. The leaves, stems and seed pods can be used as fodder or as forage material for cattle. Studies and field tests by the BIOMASA agricultural research project in Nicaragua have shown that the plant can be readily grown as a field crop and can survive for several years in that environment, allowing repeated harvest of the various parts of the plant from only one planting. Researchers Nikolaus and Gabriele Foidl found that supplementing regular cattle feed with leaves and seed pods from the plant can increase the milk production of cattle by as much as 65 percent. Additionally, cattle that consume the plant as part of their daily diets typically experience increased weight gain; studies have shown as much as 32 percent more daily weight gain for cattle that consume the plant over those that do not. The plant is also useful as a fertilizer for other plants; a study published in the International Journal of Agriculture & Biology in 2010 showed improved germination rates and faster germination in beans, cowpeas and groundnuts. Another study conducted by Makkar and Becker in 1996 showed similar results and increased yields for crops sprayed with a solution including the extract of the Moringa plant. While much research remains to be done, the evidence seems to suggest that, when used in conjunction with the regular regimen of fertilizers and growth stimulants, the quantity and quality of almost any crop can be significantly improved by a treatment of this extract. One of the most common uses of the tree, however, is as a free-range forage plant for cattle and other livestock; because the tree retains its leaves even at the height of the dry season, it is especially suited to provide a year-round food supply for free-range cattle. The high protein content in the plant makes it a favored source of food for livestock; anecdotal reports indicate that cattle often seek out the plant in preference to other types of forage plants in the area. The phytochemicals contained in the oil can also be used to control insect infestations. The study Larvicidal and Repellent Potential of Moringa oleifera against Malarial Vector, Anopheles Stephensi Liston outlined the advantages of this extract against mosquitoes, a major threat to health in various areas of the world because of the diseases transmitted by these insects. The extract was shown to be effective at breaking the transmission vector by repelling the insects from the immediate or surrounding area and killing larva that can spread malaria and other diseases. Back to top Current Moringa initiatives throughout the world


Over 140 organizations have developed initiatives to introduce these useful and beneficial plants into communities throughout the world to help combat malnutrition, enhance the purity of water and to produce cooking and bio-diesel oil to meet the needs of today and tomorrow. The United Nations World Food Programme has expressed its interest in the food production potential of the tree, as have the U.S. Agency for International Development, German Development Services and the British Overseas Development Agency. Religious organizations that support the use of the Moringa plant to combat malnutrition include the Catholic Development Committee, the Church World Service, the U.S. National Council of Churches and World Vision. The Imagine Rural Development Initiative in Zambia in conjunction with the U.N. has provided seedling trays to numerous small communities within Zambia in order to help establish the plant in this habitat and to provide additional nutrition to those without easy access to clean water and adequate food. The Trees for Life Moringa Project is intended to provide smaller communities throughout the world with these trees in order to combat malnutrition, provide fresh drinking water and offer hope for income streams in the future from bio-diesel and other applications. Many of these initiatives center on areas of rural Africa, since the climate and the conditions there are ideal for the trees and for the benefits they can bring to developing countries and small communities in the region. The Moringa tree can be used in a wide variety of ways to improve the lives of needy individuals in tropical and semi-arid environments throughout the world. Some experts have expressed concern that the tree may act as an exotic invasive and take over certain areas and ecosystems; however, the evidence suggests that this is unlikely because of the appeal that the leaves, stems and seed pods have for indigenous animals and birds. The seed pods typically remain close to the tree from which they have fallen unless they are deliberately collected and planted; this reduces the likelihood that these trees will spread far from their original planting location. These versatile plants can provide a stable, reliable source of food even in drier climates; additionally, the high protein and nutritional content offers superior nutritional value for areas where other forms of protein and amino


acids are difficult to obtain. In remote communities where medical supplies and support are at a premium, the pharmaceutical qualities of the seed pods and leaves can prove invaluable in treating and providing rapid responses to developing health problems, while even technologically advanced societies can benefit from the antioxidant and anti-cancer properties of the enzymes contained in the leaves and stems. Because the leaves retain much of their nutritional value even after being dried and stored for a prolonged period, they can be preserved for significant periods of time without modern refrigeration methods. These qualities make the Moringa tree one of the most important tools in international efforts to promote the health and well-being of less developed nations and small rural communities in India, Africa and South America and throughout the world. Moringa Nutritional Values The Moringa oleifera tree is an outstanding source of nutrition, especially in areas where other food sources are scarce or seasonally unavailable. Trees can grow in a wide range of tropical and semi-arid climates, making it a viable solution for areas affected by food shortages and populations susceptible to malnutrition. The leaves, stems, and seed pods of the tree can be prepared in a variety of different ways in order to provide solid nutritional value. Also known as a drumstick, the green seed pods are typically prepared in much the same way as green beans and have a characteristically asparagus-like flavor. The seeds themselves can be roasted or boiled, while the roots are used to prepare a horseradish-like condiment or sauce. When pressed, the seeds produce edible oil that can be used for preparing food. Even the flowers and leaves can be consumed. The leaves are especially nutritious and are eaten raw or served as a boiled greens dish that resembles spinach. The dried powder can be stirred into soups or sauces as a thickening agent or used to brew a healthful drink. Moringa leaves, pods, and roots contain large amounts of protein, amino acids, vitamins and minerals and provide valuable nutrition for populations in remote areas that may suffer from food shortages and lack of protein sources in their local environment. Moringa Oleifera has very high nutrition values, this positions the plant high in the table of the "Healthy Edible Plants & Vegetables" as an important source of Vitamins & Minerals essential for our health. In the present time many aid programs & NGO in Africa are training and assisting the local population growing Moringa as an answer to malnutrition, especially in children and breastfeeding mothers due to the effect of milk production and quality. In addition Moringa is being used to feed cattle and live stock to achieve better results in milk production and body mass. Comparing Moringa Oleifera to other plants and food:


Information about Moringa nutritional values: Other Vita Min Antioxid AminoNutritional mins erals ants acids Values Vitamin Contents Along with a healthy portion of amino acids and protein, the leaves, seed pods and roots of the Moringa tree deliver a wide range of necessary vitamins that can ensure health and provide balanced nutrition. While these vitamins are especially important in underdeveloped areas where malnutrition is a major risk, they can also serve as a source for organic vitamins and proteins in more developed countries. The tree is an environmentally responsible way to produce a number of vitamin products including Vitamins A, B complex, C and E; beta carotene is especially abundant in Moringa trees. The plant's ability to grow in a wide range of climates and survive in low-moisture conditions makes it an ideal source of these vitamins in areas where other sources are difficult to cultivate and maintain. The vitamin content of the leaves is retained even after they have been dried, allowing the dried-leaf product to be transported and stored safely for months for later use. Moringa Leaves - Vitamins (All values are per 100 grams of edible portion.) Fresh Leaves

Dried Leaves

Vitamin A (Arginine Carotene)

6.78 mg

18.9 mg

Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)

0.06 mg

2.64 mg

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

0.05 mg

20.5 mg

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

0.8 mg

8.2 mg


Vitamin C

220 mg

Vitamin E

448 mg

17.3 mg

Mineral Contents Various parts of the Moringa tree are outstanding sources of minerals necessary to maintain good health. Along with vitamins and amino acids, the dried leaves can provide a large percentage of the daily requirements for calcium, iron, magnesium, potassium and zinc. As a result, the leaves are often used to supplement the diets of expecting and nursing mothers and young children. Lack of iron can lead to anemia and other serious medical problems for these vulnerable individuals, while calcium deficiencies can cause muscular and skeletal problems for mothers and children alike. Moringa leaves can help to provide the needed calcium, iron and other minerals to avoid these nutritional problems, especially in areas where prenatal health care is difficult to obtain. The mineral content present in Moringa leaves, seed pods, and roots can be used to supplement the regular diet of undernourished populations. The tree allows everyone to enjoy better health, even in remote and undeveloped areas of the world. Moringa Leaves - Minerals (All values are per 100 grams of edible portion.) Fresh Leaves

Dried Leaves

Calcium

440 mg

2,003 mg

Copper

0.07 mg

0.57 mg

Iron

0.85 mg

28.2 mg

Magnesium

42 mg

368 mg

Phosphorus

70 mg

204 mg

Potassium

259 mg

1,324 mg

Zinc

0.16 mg

3.29 mg

Amino acids Contents Amino acids are considered the building blocks of proteins and are necessary elements of a healthful diet. Scientists have identified 22 standard amino acids capable of naturally forming polypeptide compounds. The Moringa oleifera tree contains all eight essential amino acids, which cannot be synthesized by the body and must be obtained from dietary sources to provide a solid basis for physical health. The leaves and seeds of this useful plant are especially high in amino acids and provide a significant percentage of the recommended daily requirements for valine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, leucine, phenylalanine, threonine and isoleucine, the eight essential amino acids. These vital amino acids are necessary for proper brain, muscle and nervous function as well as providing the raw materials to


allow the body to synthesize protein materials for further growth. Moringa seed pods and leaves provide all of the essential amino acids as well as 18 of the 22 standard amino acids and offer superior food value for undernourished populations in developing countries. Moringa Leaves - Amino Acids (All values are per 100 grams of edible portion.) Fresh Leaves

Dried Leaves

Arginine

406.6 mg

1,325 mg

Histidine

149.8 mg

613 mg

Isoleucine

299.6 mg

825 mg

Leucine

492.2 mg

1,950 mg

Lysine

342.4 mg

1,325 mg

Methionine

117.7 mg

350 mg

Phenylalinine

310.3 mg

1,388 mg

Threonine

117.7 mg

1,188 mg

Tryptophan

107 mg

425 mg

Valine

374.5 mg

1,063 mg

Antioxidant Properties Recent studies indicate that the leaves and seeds of the Moringa tree possess strong antioxidant properties due to the presence of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants. A 2009 research study published by Sreelatha and Padma in the academic journal Plant Foods for Human Nutrition indicated that the antioxidants present in both mature and green leaves offer superior protection against free radicals. The study also showed that the antioxidants in the leaves behave in a comparable manner as pharmaceutical grade antioxidant preparations. The pods and seeds are also useful in protecting cells from oxidation damage. The Journal of Herbal Medicine published a study by Kumar, Kumar, Singh and Vasisht in 2007 that demonstrated the antioxidant properties of these seed pods against the action of free radicals that can cause cancer and other damage to cell structures within the body. Moringa Leaves - Other Nutritional Values (All values are per 100 grams of edible portion.)


Fresh Leaves Dried Leaves Calories

92 cal

329 cal

Carbohydrates

12.5 g

41.2 g

Fat

1.70 g

5.2 g

Fibers

0.90 g

19.2 g

Protein

6.70 g

29.4 g

Moringa Oleifera: Powerful Natural Antibiotics to Combat Bacterial Infection Antibiotics and anti-bacterial drugs are valuable tools in combating infections, both in topical forms and when taken internally. The antimicrobial effects of these powerful medications can be used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections, including pneumonia, tuberculosis, meningitis, strep throat and many other diseases. Over 100 different compounds are classed as antibiotics, such as penicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline and many other major types of anti-bacterial agents. Some antibiotics are more effective against certain bacteria, while others can be used to treat a wider range of bacterial infections. These are sometimes referred to as broad-spectrum antibiotics.

History The ancient Greeks and Egyptians used various types of mold to treat certain ailments. These primitive antibiotics provided some protection against the growth of bacteria within wounds or systemic infections. The Ayurvedic folk medicine tradition of India also incorporated the seeds of the Moringa oleifera plant into ointments and poultices to treat infections. It is now known that these seeds contain a natural antibiotic substance known as pterygospermin. Modern antibiotic medicine has its roots in the 1870s, however, when the effects of antibiotics were first observed and recorded by Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch and others. Alexander Fleming’s experiments with bread mold led to the identification of penicillin, a powerful antibiotic that can be used to combat a wide range of bacteria types. Physicians and health care professionals utilize synthetic, semi-synthetic and naturallyoccurring antibiotics, depending on the specific illness to be treated and the needs of the individual patient.


Antibiotics Today Modern antibiotics are typically divided into two separate classes. Bacteriostatic antibiotics prevent the division and replication of bacteria, thus stalling the infection’s growth and spread. Bactericidal antibiotics, by contrast, work to destroy the bacteria directly and work more quickly as a result. Antibiotics can be further subdivided into various families, including: Cephalosporins – These antibiotics retard and prevent the formation of cell walls in most bacteria, preventing the spread of infection. Glycopeptides – By attacking the cell walls and preventing them from forming or reforming properly, glycopeptides slow the progress of bacteria. Quinolones – The antibiotic action of quinolones prevents the proper genetic replication of bacteria affected by these drugs. Macrolides – While not recommended for use by individuals with liver problems, the macrolide line of antibiotics is typically used to treat tuberculosis, Lyme disease and leprosy. Tetracyclines – One of the most popular families of antibiotics, these medications are used as broad-spectrum anti-bacterial drugs to fight a wide range of infections and diseases. Additionally, natural antibiotics are available that can provide anti-bacterial benefits to patients suffering from infections.

Allergies In some cases, certain classes or families of antibiotics cannot be ingested by patients due to serious allergies. Penicillin allergies are the most common type of antibiotic allergy, with approximately ten percent of all people reporting some degree of allergic response when treated with the drug. The most common reaction is rash or discomfort, but serious allergic reactions are also possible, including anaphylactic shock and even death.

Moringa Seeds The seeds of the moringa plant include a natural antibiotic that can be used to treat or control infection. Pterygospermin can be used to counter the effects of a number of bacteria responsible for causing infections and also offers an anti-fungal effect for even more utility. Because pterygospermin occurs naturally in moringa seeds, it typically does not carry the same high risk of allergic response as more highly processed antibiotics. Additionally, a study conducted in 1981 and published in Planta Medica identified the presence of benzyl isothiocyanate within the seeds. This compound is also a highly effective antibiotic and can be used to treat bacterial infection, making moringa a valuable medicinal supplement in cases where bacteria may pose a threat to health or human life.


Moringa as Potent Antioxidant: Protection Against Damaging Free Radicals Oxidants, also known as free radicals, can cause serious damage to the body through the breakdown of cells. This breakdown can weaken the immune system and may be responsible for causing cataracts, some forms of cancer, arthritis, heart disease and other physical ailments; free radicals can cause accelerated aging of cells and physical systems as well. Free radicals are the result of oxygen reacting chemically with cells in the body during the breakdown of food or other substances. These chemical compounds can damage the DNA structures of other cells, creating mutations that can cause significant alterations to the cells and may serve as precursors to cancerous growths within the body. Antioxidants can help to protect against this damage by breaking down free radicals into their constituent parts or chemically bonding with these harmful substances and removing them from the physical system. While the body naturally synthesizes some antioxidant enzymes including catalase and glutathione, other antioxidant materials are derived from dietary sources. Beta carotene and Vitamins A, E and C are considered to be among the most beneficial antioxidants in terms of controlling and eliminating free radicals from the body. Many antioxidant substances work to eliminate free radicals independently while others act as helpers in the process; for instance, Vitamin C acts directly to break down free radical compounds in the bloodstream, while selenium works with gluthathione to create enzymes capable of breaking down hydrogen peroxide into safe and manageable substances within the body. The Moringa oleifera tree, colloquially known as the drumstick tree, is an outstanding dietary source of antioxidants and provides a significant portion of the daily recommended allowances of beta carotene and other vitamins and nutrients that work to cleanse free radicals from the tissues and bloodstream. The antioxidant properties of the seeds, seed pods and leaves of the moringa plant can protect the body against the damaging effects of free radicals and may help to reduce the risk of certain cancers. Additionally, the plant can help keep cells healthier and prevent premature aging. A study by Nambiar, Guin, Parnami and Daniel published in 2010 in the Journal of Herbal Medicine and Toxicology (Read full research) showed that the antioxidant properties of moringa leaves can be highly beneficial for overweight individuals and those who have high levels of lipids in their systems. These hyperlipidemic patients showed reductions in the amounts of fatty materials in their bloodstreams; the reduction in cholesterol levels produced by the antioxidants in moringa leaves may help to protect against coronary disease and other damaging circulatory ailments.


Combined with the highly nutritive composition of moringa leaves and seeds, the high levels of antioxidant substances in the plant can provide superior health benefits and protection against the effects of free radicals on the body. While the antioxidant benefits of moringa leaves and seed pods are especially important in parts of the world where other types of healthy food are scarce, moringa can provide significant benefits as a dietary supplement even in technologically advanced societies. By incorporating these healthy products into everyday nutritional choices, individuals can enjoy the antioxidant benefits of moringa while continuing their normal diets.

Moringa Oleifera as Anti-Inflammatory Treatment In most cases, inflammation is the body’s response to another process rather than a disease or illness in its own right. Inflammation is a result of the body’s own natural immune response and is usually caused by the increased presence of plasma and white blood cells in the affected area. This response involves the vascular systems as well as the autoimmune response and is a necessary part of the healing process, but can cause serious problems when the inflammation becomes chronic or is extreme in its duration or extent. Inflammation is usually categorized as either acute or chronic and treatment for the condition is dependent in part on the cause of the inflammation and its acute or chronic status. Symptoms There are five main symptoms of inflammation. These occur in both chronic and acute cases and are distinguishing characteristics of the condition. Not all symptoms are present in all cases of inflammation. The five primary symptoms are: • Heat • Redness • Pain • Reduced function • Swelling In most cases of inflammation, pain, swelling and reduced function are the most important symptoms and create the most difficulties for patients with the condition. Acute inflammation Typically, acute inflammation is the result of an injury or pathogenic substance that affects the body negatively. In these cases, the movement of white blood cells and plasma to the affected site or to combat the substance in the bloodstream is a necessary part of the immune system response to infection and injury. While medications are available to reduce the swelling and inflammation caused by the body’s reaction to pathogens or injuries, they typically are intended to reduce the pain and not to eliminate the inflammation caused by this helpful and necessary immune response. Chronic inflammation


In some cases the body’s reaction to pathogens or other stimuli is far more extreme and prolonged than necessary. This is especially true in cases where the pathogens cannot be eliminated by the immune system or in cases where another factor is preventing the immune response from fully addressing the infection or combating the injury. Arthritis, atherosclerosis and diverticulitis are among the most common types of chronic inflammatory diseases. These illnesses can potentially be serious or lifethreatening if the inflammation is not properly controlled and treated. The effects of chronic inflammation typically are of long duration and become worse over time if left untreated. Moringa and inflammation The moringa plant is well known for its therapeutic effects in both modern medicine and traditional practice. Formally known as Moringa oleifera, this versatile and nutritious plant is currently the subject of intense scrutiny by the medical establishment to determine its utility in treating and preventing a variety of diseases. One of the most promising uses for moringa extract is in the treatment of various types of acute and chronic inflammation. A 1996 research study published in Pharmaceutical Biology demonstrated the anti-inflammatory properties of moringa extract in the treatment of both acute and chronic forms of inflammation. The moringa extract was ingested by laboratory rats as a treatment for both edema and carrageenan-induced inflammation; while the results for the acute inflammation were markedly better than those obtained for the chronic variety, both types of inflammation were significantly reduced by the treatments in the course of the study. Side effects were minimal due to the exceptionally low toxicity of moringa even at high dosages. Conclusions Moringa extract supplements have been shown to reduce the level of inflammation in laboratory animals in both chronic and acute cases. Further studies are currently underway to assess the effectiveness of this treatment, but it can be safely assumed that a regular regimen of moringa supplements may produce safe, reliable reductions in inflammation for most individuals with chronic inflammatory diseases. Research found that the Moringa leaves posses substances that have antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities, in fact they found that it has high quantities of this substances. This means that Moringa Oleifera use in Indian traditional medicine as a treatment of ailments, particularly those related to pain and inflammation was just. The effects of the Moringa is suppressing the COX-2enzyme. This enzyme is responsible for inflammation processes and pain. Usually the drugs used to suppress this enzyme are NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs),such as Voltaren, Nksin, Adoil, ARCOXIA, Kaspo etc. The side effects of these products include risk for stroke, kidney problems, blood vessels problems, stomach problems and the list goes on. Combine the risks from the side effects with the existing condition causing the need to take the NSAID and the the presence of pain combined with an inflammatory issue, and the risk for medical complication grows. Moringa Oleifera is a pure natural tree that has been used as food and as medicine along history, this means that it is much safer to use than NSAID but with similar effectiveness and less toxicity


Link to the official research Moringa Leaf Supplements: Guarding Against the Effects of High Cholesterol The Moringa oleifera plant has long been used in the Ayurvedic medical tradition of India to combat cardiovascular ailments and obesity-related issues. These treatments have proven effective in many cases, but it is only in recent years that the medical establishment has begun to investigate the scientific basis for these beneficial effects. A number of medical studies have shown marked reductions in the levels of bad cholesterol present in the bloodstream of laboratory test animals. Cholesterol and health Cholesterol is a necessary element in building and repairing cells within the body. There are two basic types of cholesterol. Low-density and high-density lipoproteins, known as LDLs and HDLs respectively, play very different roles in maintaining physical health. HDLs help to eliminate fatty deposits from the bloodstream, enhancing cardiovascular health and promoting healthy veins and arteries. These forms of cholesterol are typically denser and more compact than their low-density counterparts. LDLs are better known as bad cholesterol and have nearly the opposite effect on the body, causing lipid deposits to form in blood vessels and contributing to heart disease, stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. White blood cells in the bloodstream attack LDL buildups, causing inflammation and worsening blockages caused by this form of cholesterol. Potential risks of LDLs Elevated levels of bad cholesterol in the body are associated with an increased risk of atheroschlerosis and arteriosclerotic vascular disease as well as cardiovascular disease. Additionally, LDLs have been implicated in certain immune system deficiencies, making them a significant threat to health and wellness. Controlling the level of LDLs in the blood and circulatory system is crucial to extending life and improving overall physical condition, especially in largely sedentary or overweight individuals. The role of diet Increased intake of LDLs results in higher levels in the bloodstream. However, medical studies show that 80% of cholesterol results from production within the body itself, primarily within the liver during the breakdown of food. While maintaining a healthy, low-fat diet is helpful in reducing cholesterol, dietary changes alone are usually not sufficient to manage bad cholesterol levels effectively. Moringa and cholesterol A study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology in 2000 showed a significant reduction in the levels of bad cholesterol in laboratory rats when moringa supplements were added to their normal daily diet. This was true in rats fed a high-fat diet as well as a standard diet; the moringa leaves reduced cholesterol levels overall. The control groups were also fed normal and high-fat diets and exhibited no such reductions in LDLs present in blood serum, further confirming the significant effect moringa supplements can produce. These results offer concrete evidence for claims made by Ayurvedic medical


personnel for centuries that moringa leaves offer measurable protection against the buildup of bad cholesterol in the blood. Implications for health care The results of the Lipid Research Clinics Primary Prevention Trial published in 1984 indicate that overall reduction in cholesterol levels had a direct and measurable effect on the number of new instances of heart disease and angina. In layman’s terms, reducing cholesterol also reduces the chance of serious cardiovascular illness. In fact, reducing the bad cholesterol levels by 25% can produce a correlating reduction in heart attacks, strokes and other cholesterol-related illnesses by as much as 50%, making cholesterol reduction a major goal in achieving improved outcomes for patients who may be predisposed to these conditions. Incorporating moringa supplements into the daily diets of individuals who are statistically likely to experience high cholesterol levels or who may have already been diagnosed with high LDL levels may provide significant protection, especially when combined with other prescription medications. Conclusions The evidence that moringa leaf supplements can combat high cholesterol is overwhelming. By incorporating these natural supplements into a healthy daily dietary plan, individuals can protect themselves against the effects of high cholesterol levels more effectively even in the absence of other major lifestyle changes. Moringa Leaves: Potent Prevention for Alzheimer's Disease The Moringa oleifera plant is highly regarded by dieticians and medical researchers and practitioners due to its superior nutritional content and numerous medical applications. The antioxidant properties of the moringa plant have been well established by previous medical studies and are believed to provide protection against the effects of free radicals that can cause aging and other negative health effects. Recent studies suggest that moringa leaves can also provide protection against the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and may even delay its onset. Alzheimer’s disease A form of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease is believed to have a genetic component but can strike even those with no family history of the disease. Most cases of Alzheimer’s occur in individuals over 65 years of age, but the disease can strike much earlier in cases of early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. As in other types of dementia, the patient experiences confusion, loss of normal brain function, unpredictable or aggressive tendencies and a gradual deterioration of the mental capacities. This degeneration of the nervous system eventually leads to death. While the exact causes of Alzheimer’s disease are not well understood, research studies seem to indicate that the disease is related to the build-up of fibrous protein compounds within the brain known as amyloids. These amyloids present within the brain as plaques or neurofibrillary tangles and are thought to disrupt the normal functioning of neural impulses within the brain.


Treatment Because there is no known cure for Alzheimer’s disease, most treatments focus on delaying the progress of the disease and alleviating symptoms. Natural treatments including medical marijuana have produced impressive results in preventing continued degeneration. Other treatments focus on improving the emotional state of the patient and controlling any aggressive or violent tendencies that may occur due to the deteriorating mental condition. Contributing factors Although the precise cases of Alzheimer’s disease are not yet known, a number of correlating factors have been identified that may be responsible for triggering or worsening Alzheimer’s in some patients. These factors include the age and gender of the patient, the use of cigarettes and alcohol, genetic factors, congenital conditions including Down’s syndrome and multiple sclerosis, and the overall level of fat intake by the patient. Most of these factors are not directly under the control of the individual at risk for the disease. Prevention Lifestyle changes are often recommended in order to help delay or prevent the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. These include smoking cessation strategies, reduction of alcohol consumption and, especially, a reduction in fat intake. It is in the latter area that moringa leaves have been shown to be most useful in delaying or preventing Alzheimer’s in vulnerable individuals. A study published in the Annals of Neurosciences in 2005 showed a significant improvement in brain function in rats whose diets were supplemented by moringa leaves prior to their exposure to colchicine, a substance that mimics the action of Alzheimer’s in the brain. Despite the presence of this substance, rats retained much of their cognitive abilities and navigated a previously-completed maze far more accurately and quickly than the control group. These results were attributed to the antioxidant properties of moringa leaves, which served to scavenge free radicals from the system and to protect neural function. Conclusions Moringa leaves appear to delay or mitigate the effects of Alzheimer’s disease in laboratory rats due to the supplement’s antioxidant effects. The research indicates that moringa supplements may lessen the impact of Alzheimer’s in individuals already suffering from the disease and may delay or prevent its onset in those who are at risk of developing this devastating illness. By incorporating moringa leaf supplements into daily dietary plans, it is likely that most individuals can improve their chances of avoiding the worst effects of Alzheimer’s disease for themselves and their families. Moringa Extract: Added Control of Herpes Symptoms The herpes virus causes two distinct illnesses in humans. Known as herpes simplex virus 1 and herpes simplex virus 2, these ailments are usually not life-threatening and are typically more of an inconvenience than a threat to sufferers. Both types of herpes are extremely contagious and can be readily passed by physical contact, making them a significant health problem in most populated areas.


The primary symptoms of the disease in both forms are the characteristic blisters and subsequent scabs that erupt on the skin, either around the mouth and nose or in the genital areas. The location of these watery, painful blisters is generally used to determine which type of herpes the patient has. Herpes simplex virus 1 is associated with cold sores that form around the mouth, while herpes simplex virus 2 is generally known as genital herpes. In rare cases, the virus responsible for one type of herpes can present in the area most usually associated with the other variety. Diagnosis Because the two types of herpes simplex virus are so genetically similar, blood tests can only detect the presence of the virus in the bloodstream. Blood tests cannot detect the specific variety responsible for the symptoms. Generally, patients become aware of the infection due to the blisters and scabs caused by the herpes virus and seek medical treatment based on these symptoms. Most pregnant women are tested for herpes at an early stage of the pregnancy. Active cases of herpes simplex 2 can be transmitted to babies during the delivery process unless significant measures are taken to prevent this. While herpes is typically not dangerous or life-threatening for adults, it can cause a wide range of medical problems when it is transmitted to babies. Some of the medical problems herpes inflicts on babies include encephalitis, delayed development and damage to the internal organs of the infant. Vaccine While no vaccine for either type of herpes simplex virus has yet been released, a number of different formulas are currently undergoing trials. If proven effective, these formulas may offer some relief for current sufferers, as well as provide protection against infection in those vaccinated against the disease. Formulations currently under review are the result of genetic design and, as a result, may not be available to the public until the consequences of this genetic manipulation are well understood and documented. Treatment Since there is no cure for either form of herpes at present, most treatment plans focus on controlling the symptoms of the disease. Anti-viral drugs have proven effective in many cases in reducing the number of outbreaks and providing relief from the worst effects of the herpes virus in affected individuals. Some natural products have also been used with good results, including soothing aloe vera treatments and other topical creams. One of the most effective natural remedies for herpes simplex 1 symptoms, however, is the versatile Moringa oleifera plant. In clinical studies published in Antiviral Research in November 2003, tests showed that a moderate dosage of Moringa extract produced significant effects in delaying the characteristic lesions associated with herpes. The studies also showed doses of Moringa extract prolonging the lives of mice infected with herpes simplex virus 1. Another study published in the Indian Journal of Comparative Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases in 2005 showed similar results in equine test subjects, indicating improved results when the Moringa extract was dissolved in alcohol rather than other liquids. The overall antimicrobial effects Moringa has against the herpes simplex virus 1 appear to show great promise in combating the disease. By supplementing other treatment regimens with Moringa extracts, it is likely that herpes sufferers can


enjoy longer remission times and less severe outbreaks, allowing them to manage the disease more effectively and gain more enjoyment in daily life. Relief for Gastric Ulcers Through the Use of Moringa Leaf Supplements Gastric ulcers are one of the most painful and debilitating forms of digestive system disorders. Also known as peptic ulcers, these inflammations and irritations of the stomach wall can cause painful symptoms and serious complications in affected individuals. The most common signs of gastric ulcer include pain before or after eating, heartburn, nausea, bloating and vomiting blood. In serious or advanced cases gastric ulcers can lead to perforation of the stomach wall that can in turn lead to acute peritonitis, a potentially life-threatening condition. The bleeding that usually occurs with gastric ulcers can cause significant blood loss that can create a health risk even in the absence of other complicating factors. Causes of gastric ulcer Most cases of gastric ulcer are caused by a breakdown in the immune system that allows Helicobacter pylori bacteria to infect the stomach, leading to severe inflammation and breaks in the tissue lining the stomach walls. Essentially the buildup of these bacteria within the stomach causes interference with the normal production and regulation of gastric acids, creating excessive acid that eats away at the stomach wall lining over time. Other contributing factors include changes in the blood chemistry that affect the acid resistance of the stomach, dietary choices, drinking and smoking and cancerous growths in the stomach. Stress can also cause gastric ulcers, either alone or in combination with the other factors. Diagnosis Gastric ulcers are usually diagnosed based on the patient’s reported symptoms. In some cases, however, specialized X-ray and scanning procedures are necessary in order to ascertain the presence of gastric ulcers. These diagnostic aids include barium contrast X-rays and endoscopic assessment. While some physicians perform tests to detect the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the bloodstream, this is usually less than effective because the tests cannot distinguish between past build-ups and current conditions within the body. Breath tests, biopsies and stool samples can all be used to verify a diagnosis of gastric ulcer depending on the patient and the severity of the condition. Complications of gastric ulcers Left untreated, gastric ulcers typically progress and worsen. This typically leads to heavier bleeding that can cause significant issues due to blood loss and drainage into the stomach cavity. Major scarring can occur as well as perforation of the stomach wall and the attendant peritonitis that can cause even more serious infections and potentially could cause death in some vulnerable patients. Moringa oleifera and ulcers The Moringa oleifera plant offers significant benefits to those suffering from gastric ulcers. A number of medical studies have identified the positive effects of moringa leaves in treating these dangerous


digestive tract disorders; for example, a study entitled Phytochemical Screening and Antiulcerogenic Effect of Moringa Oleifera Aqueous Leaf Extract and published in 2006 in the African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines demonstrated the effectiveness of moringa leaves in relieving the symptoms and improving the prognosis of laboratory rats suffering from gastric ulcerations. The mechanism by which moringa leaf extract heals these ulcers is not fully understood. The supplements may work in a number of ways including reducing the inflammation caused by an excessive build-up of Helicobacter pylori, increasing capillary resistance to these bacteria and increasing the patient’s exposure to proven antioxidants that can eliminate free radicals in the system and improve the overall health of the individual. Conclusions The use of moringa leaves in treating ulcers and digestive tract orders has long been a staple element in the Ayurvedic medical tradition of India. With further research into the beneficial effects of moringa leaf extracts for patients, it is expected that these traditional medical uses will be validated for the modern medical community and that moringa supplements will be incorporated into the treatment regimen for patients suffering from this painful and dangerous digestive tract condition Treating Lupus with Moringa Oleifera Lupus, an inflammatory, autoimmune disease, often affects the joints, skin, blood, and kidneys, and the exact cause of this chronic condition is unknown and cannot be easily defined. Authorities in the medical field indicate that it may result from a combination of factors, such as am individual’s genetic makeup along with certain unknown triggers of the disease, a bit like combining a lighted match and gasoline. Those recently diagnosed with lupus will want to focus on reducing inflammation and managing the various symptoms that are related to the disease to maintain balance in their lives and avoid depression, panic, and fear. There are also two essential steps they can take: Learn to avoid flare-ups – Direct sunlight is the most common cause for one, but they may also be triggered by certain skin and scalp products or some medication you are taking. This may mean that you will need to take a vitamin D supplement, and you will also want to discuss all of your medications with your primary care physician. Learn to live an anti-inflammatory lifestyle – This should include moderate exercise on a regular basis, giving up smoking if you are a smoker, following an anti-inflammatory diet, and taking nutritional supplements, especially omega-3s. Why lupus victims look for alternative medications


The cost of the drugs generally used in treating lupus victims is prohibitive, and there is the possibility of serious side effects as well. Also, while they may alleviate some of the symptoms, research has yet to reveal that they actually hinder the process of the disease or help prevent damage to the organs. Following an alternative treatment may help the patient cope with lupus or reduce the amount of stress endured by anyone who is dealing with a chronic illness. If the patient’s physician believes that one of the approaches has some merit and no negative factors, it can become part of that individual’s treatment plan, enabling him or to make an informed decision about how to proceed. How Moringa Oleifera helps lupus patients Moringa (also known as the horseradish tree) is a purely natural extract found in tropical regions that has been widely used in the East as a medication for centuries. It is also considered to be much safer to use than the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that are often prescribed for lupus patients, including Voltaren, Kaspo, Adoil, and others. The various side effects of these drugs include the risk of kidney, circulatory, and digestive problems, just to name a few, increasing the risk of serious medical complications. Moringa, on the other hand, is less toxic than the other remedies,—and at least as effective. moringa is easy to combine with most medication because there have been no adverse reactions to it, and it contains no known impurities. How Moringa works in the body The leaves used for making the Moringa extract contain large amounts of anti-inflammatory, anti-toxin, and anti-oxidant elements, and they are also rich in the vitamins, minerals, and amino acids that bolster our immune system. Because of the many benefits of Moringa oleifera, the European Union (EU), World health Organization (WHO) and other NGOs now plant and support its cultivation in various locations, including Africa, in order to combat malnutrition. Above all, Moringa suppresses the COX-2 enzyme, which causes both inflammation and the pain related to it. It seems that anyone, including children and senior citizens in particular, can experience the benefits of taking Moringa. Athletes report a surge in energy from using these capsules, and many users are amazed because they feel the results so quickly. Moringa Oleifera as Treatment for Arthritis & Gout For many centuries Moringa Oleifera was used in traditional medicine, such as the "Ayurveda", as a treatment Arthritis and Gout. It was believed that Moringa Leaf Powder reduce inflammations and pain caused by these conditions. In 2008 the Faculty of Medicine Health Sciences of the Putra University in Malaysia, published a research aimed to test if Moringa poses any Antinociceptive and Anti-Inflammatory activities, the same activities achieved by the drugs used in modern medicine such as NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The research found that the Moringa leaves posses substances that have antinociceptive and anti-


inflammatory activitie; in fact they found that it has high quantities of these substances. This means that Moringa Oleifera use in Indian traditional medicine as a treatment Arthritis and Gout was just. The effects of the Moringa is suppressing the COX-2 enzyme. This enzyme is responsible for inflammation processes and pain. Usually the drugs used to suppress this enzyme are NSAID such as Voltaren, Nksin, Adoil, ARCOXIA, Kaspo etc. The side effects of these products include risk for stroke, kidney problems, blood vessels problems, stomach problems and the list goes on. Combine the risks from the side effects with the existing condition causing the need to take the NSAID and the presence of pain combined with an inflammatory issue, and the risks for medical complications grow. Moringa Oleifera in pure natural tree that has been used as food and as medicine along history, this means that it is much safer to use than NSAID but with similar effectiveness and less toxicity.

Moringa Oleifera: A treatment for Diabetes Diabetes is a disease that is characterized by problems involving the hormone insulin. In healthy people, the pancreas releases insulin; insulin then works to help the body use and store the fat and sugar that is derived from the food that people eat. With diabetes, insulin can be compromised in a couple of different ways. In some cases, the pancreas doesn't produce any insulin at all. Other times, the body does not react in the right way to insulin - this is known as "insulin resistance." Finally, diabetes is sometimes characterized by a pancreas that produces an insufficient volume of insulin. The Two Types of Diabetes It's important to understand that diabetes is a disease that has no cure. Once a person develops diabetes, they will suffer from the condition for the rest of their life. Although diabetes may be triggered by a variety of different phenomena involving the pancreas and insulin production - or lack thereof - it can also be divided into two distinct types. Type 1 Diabetes - Type 1 diabetes typically first arises in people under the age of 20, although it can happen at any age. Insulin-producing cells - known as beta cells - in the pancreas are completely destroyed by the body's immune system. In turn, the pancreas can no longer produce any insulin and insulin injections must be administered. Type 2 Diabetes - With type 2 diabetes, a person's pancreas still produces insulin; the problem is that it either doesn't create enough insulin, or the person's body is resistant to the insulin that is produced. Type 2 diabetes commonly occurs in obese and overweight individuals - usually over the age of 40 - and is sometimes called "adult onset diabetes." Managing Diabetes There is no cure for diabetes. However, there are several ways to manage the condition in order to keep insulin at the proper level. There are several different techniques and strategies for managing diabetes. Some of them include:


carefully monitoring one's diet in order to keep blood sugar levels in check; using insulin injections as needed to maintain optimal levels in those whose bodies don't produce the hormone; keeping a close eye on blood sugar levels by using special kits that measure insulin and sugar in the blood; and following an exercise routine in order to keep blood pressure levels in check. Moringa Oleifera: A Natural Treatment for Diabetes As with any disease or condition, doctors and researchers are constantly seeking new ways to treat and manage diabetes. People are more concerned about using harsh, synthetic medications than ever before, which is what makes the promise of a tree called Moringa Oleifera all the more exciting. Moringa Oleifera is a tree that is originally native to India, but is now grown across the globe. As it happens, people in many developing countries particular in Africa - have been using Moringa Oleifera to treat and manage the symptoms of diabetes for years. Why does Moringa Oleifera hold so much promise for those who suffer from diabetes? Primarily because of its many amazing, natural benefits. Moringa Oleifera has been shown to naturally boost the immune system, which usually becomes compromised in those who suffer from type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Moringa Oleifera has also been shown to possess many key anti-inflammatory benefits; diabetes often causes circulatory problems which can be managed through anti-inflammatory supplements. There are no negative side effects associated with Moringa Oleifera use, meaning that it is a safe, natural way for people to manage their blood sugarand care for their diabetes symptoms. It's just one more option for the many people who have to cope with this serious condition. Cancer Prevention & Supporting Treatment As we learn more about cancer, we are empowered to use more of the tools which nature has created for us to help battle this terrible disease. The fight against cancer exists on many fronts, encompassing both prevention and treatment methods. In the past we have put all of our faith in pharmaceutical drugs, however these are not the only weapons we have at our disposal to do battle with cancer. Moringa Oleifera is a plant which is known to have many medicinal properties. It is becoming very clear that this natural resource is a helpful ally in a comprehensive treatment of cancer. Moringa has been shown in studies to have an anti-tumor capacity. Moringa contains benzyl isothiocyanate. There are many studies that have shown this chemical and compounds derived thereof to have anti-cancer and chemoprotective capabilities. This chemoprotective aspect is critical for those who are battling cancer; this helps strengthen cells so that they can tolerate chemotherapy.


Moringa Oleifera has other characteristics which make it a good compliment to a cancer prevention or treatment plan. It contains an enormous amount of nutritional content; Moringa Oleifera contains vitamins, minerals, and amino acids which are critical for good health. It is loaded with calcium, iron, potassium, protein, Vitamin A and C, and many more properties which promote a healthy body that has the tools to fight cancer. It is known to have anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, antioxidant, anti-allergenic, and pain relief uses. It has also been put to use to fight a variety of infections. This incredibly useful tree has grown popular of late due to its ability to help sustain populations that have otherwise been fraught with nutritional problems. It tends to grow in areas where access to food and clean water are more complicated. The successes that many have had with Moringa Oleifera in promoting good health in some of the most devastated areas have lead many scientists to examine its properties closely. It is fast emerging as a means to prevent cancer. It is also gaining notoriety as a product which helps cancer patients who are currently undergoing pharmaceutical treatment. Fighting cancer is about equipping your body with the tools to fight every day. While drug therapies are very useful in this fight, it is also key that naturally occurring dietary options are used as well. Total health will give a cancer patient the endurance to battle the disease with full energy. The anti-tumor properties in Moringa Oleifera will be of special interest to cancer patients. Also, for those undergoing chemotherapy, the chemoprotective properties associated with this wonderful plant will empower the patient to stand strong when using chemotherapy to fight cancer. Investigate the studies which show this plant to be useful in a comprehensive battle against cancer. Always be sure to discuss all of your treatments options with your doctor, including your choice of dietary supplements, as interactions between chemicals must always be closely monitored when undergoing drug treatment. Moringa Oleifera has exciting potential as an ally in the war against cancer.

Moringa: An Ally in Boosting Immune System Response The immune system is the body’s first and last line of defense against pathogens and disease; without a well functioning immune system, even the most innocuous bacterial and viral infections could overwhelm physical systems and lead to serious illness or even death. In healthy individuals, the immune system consists of several different layers of protection including the physical barrier of the skin, the innate immune response that reacts to any pathogenic intrusion immediately, and the more specialized adaptive immune response. Components of the immune system The adaptive immune response is designed to combat specific pathogens; typically, specialized white blood cells called lymphocytes attack the infection or intrusion. The body produces three types of lymphocytes, known as B cells, T cells and natural killer or NK cells. T cells and B cells are tasked with identifying and responding to specific threats to the body. This process is called antigen representation and allows the cells to produce specific responses to pathogens that the body has previously


encountered. NK cells use a slightly different process and can defend against some pathogens to which the individual may not previously have exposed. Identifying the threats Healthy immune systems are necessary in order to fend off disease and protect the body against toxins and pathogens. The immune system also reacts to mutations and cancerous growths within the body, typically attacking these cells with cytotoxic granules that contain powerful cell-killing enzymes. In all these cases, the value of the immune system depends on its ability to distinguish between the organism’s own cellular structures and those of external pathogens. One way in which this is achieved is through immunological memory. Vaccinations are effective due to this ability of the immune system to remember and maintain active defenses against previously encountered bacteria and viruses, essentially destroying these pathogens before they can gain a foothold in the body. Disorders of the immune system Perhaps the best known disorder of the immune system is AIDS, but a number of other physical conditions can cause weakening of the immune system that can potentially lead to additional complications. Poor nutrition can cause depressed immune system responses, as can alcoholism and drug abuse. Young children and the elderly are also vulnerable due to a reduced immune capacity and often are more prone to contracting illnesses during these stages of life. A number of natural and pharmaceutical substances are used to boost the body’s ability to fight off disease. The Moringa oleifera plant shows outstanding promise in this regard with significant beneficial effects on the immune processes within the body; a study published in 2007 in the scientific journal Food Chemistry showed that moringa leaves contain powerful antioxidants that can supplement and support the body’s own natural immune functions. The antioxidant properties of moringa leaves allow the immune system to fight off infections and cancers more effectively, providing the body with a secondary line of defense against pathogens and offering hope to those suffering from reduced immunity due to illness, congenital disorders and other factors. Moringa supplements offer very low risk of side effects, making them a valuable addition to dietary regimens among susceptible populations. HIV and AIDS: Moringa's Role In Treatment One of the most feared and least understood diseases, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a degenerative illness that affects the immune system and is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, more commonly referred to as the HIV virus. AIDS is spread through fluid exchange and can be transmitted through sexual acts, shared medical syringes, breastfeeding, transfusions and other activities that allow bodily fluids to be introduced into the bloodstream. No vaccine or cure is available for HIV or AIDS, but a number of treatments can lessen the symptoms and extend the lives of patients infected with the disease. History


The first known cases of AIDS were identified by the Center for Disease Control in 1981 in Los Angeles, California. The HIV virus had been reported in the Congo two decades earlier. A close genetic relative of the simian immunodeficiency virus found in African monkey populations, HIV is believed to have made the jump from chimpanzees to humans sometime in the early 1900s. This mutation allowed the HIV virus to infect humans and to be passed readily from person to person. Once exposed, individuals who carry the HIV virus are considered to be HIV-positive and are at significant risk of developing AIDS. Not all individuals who test positive for HIV will contract AIDS; it is not well understood what allows some HIV-positive persons to avoid developing the disease. Complications of AIDS The suppression of the immune system produced by AIDS can cause a number of other ailments, many of which can prove debilitating or fatal. In poorer nations, tuberculosis is one of the most common side effects of AIDS, while candidiasis, Karposi’s sarcoma and cryptococcal meningitis affect AIDS sufferers worldwide. Two of the most damaging complications are the characteristic wasting of body tissues and musculature and the deterioration of the patient’s mental state into AIDS dementia complex as the disease progresses. These illnesses are related to the failure of the immune system rather than direct results of the HIV virus or AIDS itself and are typically referred to as opportunistic infections since they take advantage of the body’s weakened immune system. Treatment There is no cure for AIDS, but a number of antiretroviral drugs offer significant protection against the opportunistic infections characteristic of the syndrome. These antiretroviral drugs are divided into five separate groups: Nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors Protease inhibitors Entry inhibitors Integrase inhibitors These drugs act in concert with each other to prevent the HIV virus from replicating and inserting copies of itself into other cells, thus slowing the spread of the disease and reducing its effects on the immune system. Antioxidants have also proven helpful both before and after the onset of AIDS symptoms in boosting the immune system, while proper nutrition is essential to maintain health in HIV-positive patients. The role of moringa powder in treating HIV and AIDS Moringa oleifera is a versatile, highly nutritious plant that grows in a wide range of climates and can survive for extended periods in dry, near-drought conditions. A number of studies have recently been


completed or are currently underway to investigate the utility of moringa powder in treating HIVpositive patients in areas where there is a critical shortage of medical supplies and antiretroviral drugs are prohibitively expensive or unavailable. Moringa leaves contain powerful antioxidants that can help prevent or delay some of the worst complications arising from AIDS, so it is a natural choice for areas where modern medical facilities are scarce and overcrowded. The proceedings of the 14th International AIDS Conference held in Barcelona, Spain in 2002 included a recommendation that moringa powder be considered as an alternative treatment to boost the immune systems of HIV-positive patients in Africa who would otherwise not receive antiretroviral drugs or, in fact, any treatments at all. Because moringa also provides superior nutritional value for patients it can also prove useful in preventing immune system breakdown due to malnutrition, thus offering even more help for poorer areas in Africa and around the globe. While moringa's antioxidant and nutritional benefits cannot directly compete with the superior results of modern antiretrovirals, it shows promise in providing reduced mortality rates and improved health for HIV-positive and AIDS patients in these less developed areas. Hypertension and Moringa: A Comprehensive Treatment for High Blood Pressure The role of the Moringa oleifera plant in treating high blood pressure has long been known to practitioners of Ayurveda, the traditional medicine of India and the surrounding areas. Recent scientific studies have provided solid evidence that moringa supplements can indeed reduce high blood pressure in patients and provide benefits to overall cardiovascular health as well. By maintaining a healthy blood pressure reading, patients can often reduce their risk of serious medical problems and improve their overall long-term prognosis. High blood pressure Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition in which the blood in arteries and veins exerts higher than normal pressure on the walls of these blood vessels. Over time, high blood pressure can cause a variety of negative effects within the body including coronary disorders, stroke, kidney failure and heart attacks. A number of pharmaceutical treatments for hypertension are available, but most have serious side effects of their own and may not be effective in all cases. Left untreated, high blood pressure hastens the deterioration of the circulatory system and can cause serious illness or death. Primary hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause for the condition can be identified, while secondary hypertension is typically the result of another disease or disorder. Symptoms of hypertension Hypertension is estimated to affect 25% of the population, yet in many cases it produces no symptoms and may go unnoticed for years before the negative effects of this condition become evident. Risk factors for high blood pressure include age, obesity, alcoholism, smoking and genetic predisposition. In advanced or extreme cases of hypertension, patients may experience headaches, chest pain, vision problems, fatigue, irregular heartbeat or blood in the urine. In up to one-third of cases, patients experienced no symptoms at all before diagnosis. High blood pressure is usually diagnosed through a simple test in a doctor’s office and can be performed at home using a cuff and meter.


Moringa and hypertension The moringa plant has been used in India for many years to control high blood pressure in patients. Modern medical research supports this use for moringa leaf extracts. A research study published in Phytotherapy Research in 2006 indicated that moringa leaf extract had a significant effect in reducing blood pressure levels of guinea pigs and rabbits under laboratory conditions. The article, entitled Pharmacological Studies on Hypotensive and Spasmolytic Activities of Pure Compounds from Moringa Oleifera, investigated the role of four chemical compounds found in moringa leaves in reducing hypertension and found that all had some utility in treating the condition. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ptr.2650080207/abstract New chemical compounds for treating hypertension The chemical makeup of moringa has been extensively studied in recent years in order to identify new uses for this versatile plant. The Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1 published a study in 1994 describing four new chemical compounds found in the moringa plant that show promise in controlling and treating high blood pressure. Niazicin A1 and niazicin B3 are members of the carbamate glycosides, while niazicin A5 and niazicin B10 are thiocarbamates in the mustard oil glycosides. All four compounds demonstrated significant effects in reducing high blood pressure in laboratory testing. These are the first naturally occurring thiocarbamates discovered by scientists and are expected to offer new avenues of treatment for hypertension in medical practice. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/1994/P1/P19940003035 Additional studies Moringa supplements have also been shown to lower cholesterol readings for patients. While this does not directly affect blood pressure, it can help to reduce the damage caused by hypertension on blood vessels by helping to keep arteries and veins clear of the plaque produced by high levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream. As a result, moringa supplements are recommended by many physicians for their patients in order to better control hypertension and the negative effects it can cause throughout the body.

Moringa Extracts and Supplements: A New Weapon Against Ovarian Cancer Ovarian cancer is a life-threatening disease that can be difficult to detect in the early stages and is often mistaken for other illnesses. The fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in women, ovarian cancer claims thousands of lives every year. Early detection and treatment are crucial in improving survival rates for women diagnosed with the illness. Over ninety percent of all cases of ovarian cancer are classified as epithelial ovarian cancers; this indicates that they originate on the surface of the ovary, rather than forming inside the reproductive organs.


Diagnosis Not all women experience symptoms of epithelial ovarian cancer during the early stages; those who do typically report bloating, abdominal pain and urinary tract problems as their main symptoms. The cause of these general symptoms can easily be misidentified, allowing the cancer to progress unchecked if not handled promptly. Ovarian cancers tend to grow quickly and can cause shortness of breath, inability to consume food normally due to a constricted space in the abdomen, pain or discomfort during sex and diarrhea or other intestinal tract disorders as a result of the displacement of organs by the growing tumors. Risk factors Genetics plays a large part in determining who will contract epithelial ovarian cancer; there appears to be a strong correlation between certain genetic mutations of the chromosome chains that also determine susceptibility for breast cancer. About ten percent of all ovarian cancers are attributed to irregularities in this genetic marker, making it a good determinant for assessing the likelihood that a particular individual will contract epithelial ovarian cancer at some point during her lifetime. Estrogen replacement treatments may also put women at higher risk. Recent studies are inconclusive on the effects of alcohol, but show a definite correlation between drinking two or more glasses of milk per day and increased risk of ovarian cancer. Protective factors While the exact mechanism or triggering factors for epithelial ovarian cancer are not known, research studies suggest a link between certain conditions and the development of ovarian cancer at some stage during the woman’s life. Multiple pregnancies seem to offer some protection against ovarian cancer, while childless women are often at significantly higher risk. Women who have their first child at an early age or conceive and deliver later in life also enjoy added protection. Consistent use of oral contraceptives, colloquially referred to as The Pill, also provides some protection. Treatment Typically, treatment options focus on removing or shrinking the cancerous areas through surgery. These methods may require the complete removal of the affected ovary or ovaries. Pharmaceutical treatments to include chemotherapy are also used to manage the disease. The prognosis for patients is quite favorable when the disease is caught in the early stages. However, as the cancer progresses the chances for patient survival decrease dramatically. Moringa as a treatment for epithelial ovarian cancer A recent study published in 2007 and available through the National Institute of Health indicates that Moringa oleifera supplements may serve a valuable purpose in combating epithelial ovarian cancer cells while minimizing the negative effects commonly experienced by patients undergoing other types of chemical treatments for the disease. Moringa leaves and roots contain significant quantities of substances known as isothiocyanates and glucosinolates, both of which show promise in fighting ovarian


cancer in the laboratory. Both of these chemical compounds are capable of causing apoptosis in cancer cells, a process that induces the natural death of these cells before they can reproduce themselves inside the body. Additionally, moringa supplements may help to level out hormonal disturbances that are sometimes linked to increased risk of ovarian cancer, making these supplements a solid choice for women who may be predisposed to develop ovarian cancer due to genetic or environmental factors. While testing is still required to ascertain the extent to which moringa extracts and supplements can be used in the treatment of this deadly disease, the moringa plant may offer new hope and increased protection for women against epithelial ovarian cancer.

Moringa Oleifera: Preserving Liver Function The Moringa oleifera plant has been identified as an extremely useful medicinal plant with significant health benefits. Scientific studies have shown that moringa supplements can reduce damage to the liver caused by prescription and over-the-counter medications and, in some cases, may even repair the damage and protect against further injury to the liver from illness or the use of prescription and nonprescription drugs. The therapeutic effects of moringa supplements are still being investigated, but medical research has already proven several beneficial effects of this versatile herb in treating and protecting against liver dysfunction in sensitive patients. Liver disease Dysfunction of the liver can cause fluctuations in blood sugar, nervous disorders, and digestive problems and, in advanced cases, the buildup of toxins within the body that can prove damaging or fatal. Alcoholism, drug abuse, long-term prescription drug use, overdose and certain diseases can cause liver dysfunction, especially in sensitive individuals. Patients with advanced liver disease typically must maintain a strict diet and may require dialysis in order to purify the blood and provide the filtering function typically performed by the liver. In some cases, moringa supplements may help to reduce and reverse the effects of liver disease and restore improved functioning to the liver, allowing it to more effectively filter toxins from the body. Moringa and antitubercular drugs The drugs used to treat tuberculosis can cause significant liver damage in patients, in part due to the toxic properties of these drugs. A research study published in 2003 in the Journal of Medicinal Food outlined the protective effects of moringa supplements in preventing serious liver damage in vulnerable patients. The antioxidant properties of the moringa plant helped to flush these toxic chemicals from the liver before they caused serious damage, thus protecting the health of the patient without compromising the effectiveness of the course of treatment. http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/10966200360716670 Moringa and acetaminophen overdose


A study published in the August 2008 issue of Food and Chemical Toxicology indicated that moringa supplements offered significant protection against acetaminophen overdose and resulting liver damage in laboratory rats. The rats were fed moringa supplements in controlled doses before being administered a single overdose of acetaminophen. The supplements prevented a decrease in the level of glutathione, a necessary antioxidant compound that helps the liver process toxins and eliminate them from the body. By allowing the liver to maintain adequate levels of glutathione even when an overdose of acetaminophen was administered, moringa supplements provided solid protection against the negative effects and potential liver damage that typically results from such an overdose. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691508001981 Liver fibrosis In January 2010, Food and Chemical Toxicology published a study that described the healing properties of moringa seed extract in cases of liver fibrosis. The researchers administered carbon tetrachloride to laboratory rats over the course of eight weeks in order to induce liver fibrosis, one of the most serious symptoms of advanced chronic liver disease. Liver fibrosis is caused by the buildup of proteins and collagens within the liver that reduce its ability to function; the disease typically requires dialysis or liver transplantation in its advanced stages. The research study showed significant reduction in the levels of collagens and proteins present in the liver over the course of the moringa treatments. Previously, medical researchers had believed that the course of liver fibrosis could only be slowed, not reversed. This study appears to present evidence to the contrary and provides new hope for patients suffering from advanced stages of liver fibrosis. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691509004839 Moringa and arsenic poisoning Arsenic is one of the most common pollutants in water supplies and can cause serious health problems if ingested in larger quantities. Moringa supplements have been proven to offer some protection against the damage caused by arsenic in the water supply; a study published in Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica – Drug Research showed that Moringa oleifera extracts protected the body against the worst effects of exposure to arsenic and helped eliminate the substance from the body more efficiently.


Moringa Seeds