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A rare evening with Denmark’s favorite son

Vikings close spring football on high note

PSU Theater Arts presents “Hamlet,” the 1603 quarto

Spring football game displays great improvements on defense, despite 44-32 loss




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PSU ranks 10th in nation for transfer students National trend spotlights PSU’s transfer programs, policies Peter Browning Vanguard staff

Portland State recently ranked 10th in the nation for transfer students, according to a U.S. News and World Report survey. With an 82.3 percent transfer rate, PSU ranks among the highest percentages in the top 10. According to the survey, 3,486 students across the country transferred from other colleges and universities in the fall of 2009. Of the 10 major universities that ranked high in the study, PSU is one of the smallest in terms of enrollment. Schools such as Arizona State University, University of Texas-Arlington and University of Central Florida all have enrollment well higher than PSU’s. According to the National Association for College Admission Counseling, a third of all students in the U.S. end up transferring to other colleges or universities. One of the many factors that play into PSU’s rank is the co-admission program that partners the university with six local community colleges. The program allows students attending community colleges to access certain facilities at PSU TRANSFER ON PAGE 2

Elementary students publish book at PSU Bookstore Innovative printing program draws students and community members Sierra Pannabecker Vanguard staff

A class of third-grade students from Corvallis came to the Portland State Bookstore last month to use the newly adopted Odin Ink publishing system. The book, “Sparky the Eagle,” tells the story of a bald eagle living at the nearby Chintimini Wildlife Center that the students of the school adopted. All the proceeds from book sales will go toward Sparky’s care. Lori Tubbs, the teacher at Mt. View Elementary who undertook the project, explained that the school began sponsoring Sparky’s care and adopted him as their school mascot in 2005, but for the last couple of years the students have not been doing many fundraisers. She hopes that this book will “keep his story alive for the students at Mt. View.” Tubbs became involved with the PSU Odin Ink program when a Hewlett Packard employee told her about the specialized printer in the PSU Bookstore. Because the entire publishing process takes place in the bookstore, the students were able watch the progress of the their book from printing, to trimming the pages, to gluing the binding and attaching the cover. The printer, called the R85 (or the Raptor), is ODIN INK ON PAGE 3

VOL. 65 NO. 57


Staying outside the lines PSU art exhibit highlights 16-year relationship with Korean university Vinh Tran Vanguard staff

When Sewon Kim moved to the United States last July with his wife and two children, the Korean artist was looking to utilize his expertise in industrial and textile design during his stint as a visiting scholar in Portland State’s art department. Kim’s specialties are popular with students in Korea, and he received strong institutional support at the University of Ulsan, where he works as an art professor. However, here at PSU, there is little demand and zero dedicated space for his disciplines. So instead, Kim picked up a metal stylist and meticulously carved lines into a metal plate for nine months, creating images of fish, nails and nature. The result is a 20-piece art exhibit that opened last Thursday at PSU’s MK Gallery, which features the artist’s first foray into etching, a craft that Kim seems to have quickly mastered and enjoyed. “Threaded Lines” is Kim’s reflection as an expat adjusting to life overseas, a meditative experience in art where East meets West and where the structured dogma of Catholicism is woven into the simplistic Zen-like state espoused in Buddhism. “My art is about my daily life,” Kim said. “I got the image for this one from my visit to a mountain.” Kim referred to his work called “Illusion,” a black-and-white image that resembles a rambutan—a sweet, gelatinous fruit native to southeast Asian countries—in mid-flight with its smeared shadow in the foreground. The image is Kim’s vision of seeing chestnuts falling down from a tree during his stay at


Artistic alliance: Professor Sewon Kim displays his work in the MK Gallery.

Mt. Angel Abbey in Oregon, a secluded monastery where guests are encouraged to spend time in prayer and reflection. It was here that Kim, a Catholic who has a strong interest in Buddhism, reflected on how the two religions are similar to one another. “[Buddhism and Catholicism] are similar in thinking,” Kim said. “Buddhism emphasizes goodness, and love for each other.” In Ulsan, Kim teaches a class in textile arts with a focus on contemporary weaving techniques that utilize softer materials like fabric. He said he encountered difficulty with etching because it uses harder materials like zinc, and a

metal stylist to puncture through the rough surface. Each piece takes him somewhere between three weeks to a month and a half to finish. Eleanor Erskine, a professor in printmaking who helped Kim with his initial attempts at etching, said the work requires the artist to be both delicate and strong in their technique. “There is a nice tension in his works between strong and soft,” she said. According to art history Professor Junghee Lee, Kim often works in the printmaking lab until 3 to 4 a.m. every day. Kim admitted that KIM ON PAGE 3

Chiron Studies celebrates record year Student-led program will expand to six classes Katrina Petrovich Vanguard staff


Student-teaching students: Chiron Studies Coordinator Rozzel Medina stands before his artwork, which is displayed outside of Field Work.

Portland State’s Chiron Studies program— where students propose, plan and teach their own classes—has experienced unprecedented growth this year, enrolling more students than any other time in the program’s history. Over 100 students are currently enrolled in Chiron Studies courses and the program has expanded from offering just one class during fall term to six classes this spring term. According to Chiron Studies Coordinator Rozzell Medina, the program emerged in the late 1960s as part of an international movement to empower students to have a say in shaping their education. Chiron Studies allows PSU students the ability to influence their own curriculum by formulating classes that follow their specific interests. CHIRON ON PAGE 3




Virginia Vickery


Corie Charnley


Richard D. Oxley


Nicholas Kula


Kevin Fong





Is Portland prepared for peak oil? Preparation for oil shortage will have to occur at the local level, professor says


Erick Bengel Vanguard staff

ONLINE EDITOR Adiana Lizarraga



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Jim Jackson, adjunct professor of geology at Portland State, delivered a lecture last month for the Yachats Academy of Arts and Sciences titled “Peak Oil: All Geology is Local,” which covered the history and future of oil production, the many estimates of how much oil remains and the fact that global analysis of these issues has little to do with how a country’s energy policy is actually crafted. “Peak oil” refers to the peak of global oil production. Within the coming decades, and possibly this very decade, societies throughout the world will face a sudden and permanent shortage of their oil supplies as the rising demand for oil runs headlong into a finite supply. Once oil reaches its maximum level of output, economies that depend on the resource will contract, and human survival will have to occur on a local scale, according to the 2007 Portland Peak Oil Task Force’s final report. According to Jackson, who worked for more than 20 years as a petroleum geologist for ARCO Gasoline before retiring from the oil industry in 1999, the daily global consumption rate in 2010 was 86.7 million barrels per day, adding up to an annual global consumption rate of 31.6 billion barrels.  “I don’t think there’s any question that there’s a finite amount of oil out there, and we’re using it at a phenomenally fast pace,” said David Cohan, senior manager of Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance.   Cohan served as the representative from the grass roots interest group Portland Peak Oil on the Portland Peak Oil Task Force.  “The entire economy is based on oil. That’s the thing that people can’t get through their heads,” Cohan said. Michael Armstrong, one of the city staff who worked with the task force, said that the world currently depends on oil for “almost every facet of contemporary life.”  The report’s forecasts are pretty bleak. It states that 50 years from now the peak of global oil production will be a distant memory, with the most common predictions for the peak year occurring between 2010 and 2020.  In short, it is not a question of “if ” peak oil will occur, but “when,” according to the report. As international demand for oil outstrips the available supply, peak oil will spell catastrophe for Portland and other metropolitan cities throughout the globalized, industrialized world. 


Kim’s works will be on display in the MK Gallery until May 27

“There’s no city on the planet right now that could just switch to a non-petroleum future,” Cohan said. According to the task force’s report, peak oil will hit economically vulnerable citizens first and hardest. The fallout is likely to include widespread business failures, a reduction in imports and exports that are expensive to produce and transport, higher transportation costs that force the population to relocate from suburbs to city centers, disruptions in supply chains that decrease the amount of food available while pushing up its price and an overall plunge in living standards.   Although Portland ranks seventh among U.S. cities in terms of “peak oil preparedness,” according to a 2008 report from Common Current, the city will not be exempt from these disturbances.   “Portland is fortunate to have an outstanding public transportation system and a great network of bikeways and walk-able neighborhoods,” Armstrong said. “In this respect, Portland is better off than most American cities.”  But these amenities will not be enough for the city to withstand the impact of peak oil, according to Cohan. At best, public transit and most alternative energies—which require petroleum-based technology for their proliferation, the report says—represent shortterm solutions to a long-term crisis.   He added that Portland needs to transition to a non-petroleum infrastructure sooner rather than later because the risks to society of reaching peak oil before the transition is in place are “unbelievable.”  While Jackson does not claim to know when peak oil will occur—if it hasn’t already—he said that experts would need to know how much recoverable oil has been discovered, how much has been consumed, how much is left, and what future oil-demand rates will look like. Much of this information is off-limits, however, because members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries—an oligopoly of oil-producing states—prefer to keep their reserve estimates classified as state secrets.  Jackson parts company with other peak oil experts in believing that there will be no overarching public policy to confront peak oil. Any solutions to the planetary problem of oil shortages will have to emerge from local concerns and be locally tailored, he said. ■


Preparing for the future: The Portland Peak Oil Task Force estimates that oil supply will dwindle between 2010 and 2020.

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Many of PSU’s transfer students hail from Oregon’s community colleges and affords the credits taken at those universities to transfer completely toward the degree at PSU they hope to earn. The same 2.25 GPA is required for both co-admission students and students applying to PSU as their first university. Joan Jagodnik, PSU’s assistant director of transfer and college relations, is a transfer student herself and has been working for PSU for the last 12 years. “I think our location plays a role [in the transfer rate],” she said. “We’re in an urban center, we have some very large community colleges around us; this becomes a natural progression.” In fact, Jagodnik attributes the increased enrollment in community colleges to what she predicts as a trend that will continue to increase. Of the 6,831 total new PSU students in the fall of 2010, over 1,500 students transferred from Oregon community colleges. Students can be admitted to PSU as a co-admitted student even before they are taking classes here, as long as they are taking credits at a community college. Clackamas Community College was the first co-admission agreement, a program that has been working for the past two decades. “I think it gives them a little more confidence that their credits are going to transfer,” Jagodnik said. “I really think the choice to study at PSU is a huge draw. It is in the heart of the city, there is economic attention, we actively work with business and NGO’s and there is a political community right in your back yard.” Brian Carter is a transfer student who recently completed a few extra classes after finishing his bachelor’s degree at the University of Oregon. Convenience for him was a big draw in attending PSU. “Moving back home, I wanted to continue to take some classes while I applied to med school,” he said. “PSU was accessible and offered everything I needed to continue to be successful.” However, PSU doesn’t just wait for students to come to them. Melissa Trifiletti, the director of New Student Programs, participates in recruiting trips to different colleges and universities across the country, talking to interested students about the draws of coming to PSU. One of the factors she sees that PSU has that other colleges don’t is the unique transportation system of TriMet and the Portland Street Car. Both Jagodnik and Trifiletti believe that the number of transfer students make up the unique culture of PSU. ■

NEWS BRIEFS The Vanguard is published two days a week as an independent student newspaper governed by the PSU Publications Board. Views and editorial content expressed herein are those of the staff, contributors and readers, and do not necessarily represent those of the PSU student body, faculty, staff or administration. One copy of the Vanguard is provided free of charge to all community members, additional copies or subscription issues may incur a 25 cent charge.

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Life sciences building project moves forward Portland State, Oregon Health & Science University and Oregon State learned last week that they will have the money required to begin construction of the Collaborative Life Science Building, according to an article published by The Oregonian on May 4. The planned 250,000-square-foot building, which will be built on the South Waterfront, will house PSU’s chemistry and biology departments, OSU’s pharmacy school, OHSU’s medical and dental education programs and a cancer research center. According to The Oregonian, the project sold $110 million in bonds, and the three universities involved will contribute $190 million. In addition, an anonymous donor on OHSU’s side gave $40 million, and OHSU will invest $30 million for the cancer research center.

TriMet will also contribute $10 million to construct a new light-rail station on the campus, according to the article. The building is scheduled to open by fall of 2013.

ONPA awards the Vanguard first place for general excellence The Oregon Newspaper Publisher’s Association awarded Portland State’s Vanguard first place in the “General Excellence” category at its annual collegiate awards last Friday. The University of Oregon’s Daily Emerald and Oregon State University’s Daily Barometer took home second place and honorable mention in the category, respectively. In addition, the Vanguard won four other first-place awards, seven second-place awards and five honorable mentions. For a complete list of the Vanguard’s awards, visit

PSU to host Civic Engagement Awards today Portland State’s Center for Academic Excellence is set to host its 2011 Civic Engagement Awards Celebration today in 238 Smith Memorial Student Union. Author Paul Rogat Loeb, who recently published a book about civic engagement, will deliver the keynote speech. The awards will honor PSU’s faculty and community partners for their community engagement research, scholarship and teaching, according to the PSU website. The event will begin at 3 p.m. and is free and open to the public. To register for the reception ceremony, contact the event’s coordinator at or 503-725-5642. CORIE CHARNLEY

his wife, who works as an art curator in Korea, was not very happy at first. Lee is responsible for bringing Kim over and helps him present himself as an artist to an American audience. Kim is the latest artist to visit PSU and is part of a 15-year ongoing artistic exchange between PSU and the University of Ulsan. Originally built in 1969 with initial funding from the Hyundai Corporation, the University of Ulsan, like PSU, has its identity forever linked to an industrialized, urban landscape, according to Lee. “A lot of their faculty had contracts with Hyundai designing cars,” Lee said. “Their university has a lot of international students from other countries like Russia and China.” When Lee first arrived in Portland in 1994, PSU and the University of Ulsan officially became sister universities. Since then, Lee, along with Erskine and current art department Chair William Lepore, worked to maintain a relationship between the two universities. The first exhibition was sent from the Ulsan College of Design in 1996, and in June 1997, PSU followed up with its own exchange exhibition in Korea. Since then, every two years, faculty members


Celebrating art: Visitors gather in the MK Gallery to see Kim’s art.

from PSU are invited to Ulsan, and vice versa. In addition, the Korean university sends its students to PSU during the summer. Lepore has also taught classes in Ulsan. According to Lee, there are several benefits to these exchanges. First, it broadens the cultural horizons between the two universities, he said. In a catalog commemorating the 10-year anniversary of the relationship between the two schools,

Lee observed that many Korean artists are now incorporating western approaches into the traditional interpretation seen in their works. Kim said he finds the works of western artists to be freer, whereas in Korea, there is more emphasis on tradition and conservative interpretations. Second, Lee said the exchange trips allow artists more time to explore previously overlooked territory in the art field. Kim said when he returns home, he will try his hand at printmaking again, after getting a taste for it during his time here. Third, faculty members benefit from learning and teaching each other. Also, by overcoming the language barrier, the art world becomes more global. “We do a lot of drawing together with the students watching this exchange taking place,” Erskine said. “Very clearly we don’t understand each other, but we’re figuring out how to understand each other and to have students witness that in the classroom is just exceptional.” According to Lee, in October, faculty members from PSU’s art department will travel to Ulsan for an art exhibit. In the meantime, Kim’s works will be on display until May 27 in the MK Gallery. ■


Chiron Studies coordinator hopes to add more classes to the program Both undergraduate and graduate students can propose courses, but the student must be able to demonstrate the educational merit of the proposed class’ subject matter, as well as their own vast understanding and research of the course theme. Carmen Papalia, who teaches a Chiron Studies course, believes that the program makes for diversity in approaches to learning. “[Chiron Studies] is kind of like a dream world where you get to design a class that’s aligned with your interests,” he said. Papalia’s course, “Writing Through the Body,” which will be re-offered in fall 2012, gives students the opportunity to productively address their bodies, and use the body as a tool and catalyst for writing. Medina said that because the students are also the instructors in Chiron Studies, the typical classroom hierarchy is disassembled, fostering a different kind of learning environment. “It’s interesting to be part of a class where there’s a decentralized power structure,” Medina said. “The idea of peer-learning is really interesting.” Christopher Mendt, a PSU student who has taken two Chiron courses, said about the distinct classroom atmosphere of Chi-

ron Studies, “There is a level of empowerment from the student side, yet a firm high standard in quality of education which thus far, I rank on par with any non-Chiron class I’ve taken.” Mendt believes that Chiron Studies is an important educational option because it allows PSU students to actively affect their academic experience. “Students are paying a premium price tag for higher education, and should have some influence on the product they are paying for, just as conscious consumers of other products do,” he said. While other universities have similar types of programs, Medina said that as far as he knows, PSU’s Chiron Studies is the only program that pays its student teachers. According to Medina, PSU’s Chiron Studies program is also unique from others around the country in that the courses are approved by a committee, whose members are comprised of not only Portland community members and PSU faculty, but a resounding student majority. Harrell Fletcher, assistant professor of art and a Chiron Studies committee member, supports Chiron Studies because he believes that breaking down hierarchies, providing employment for students and allowing for greater diversity within the

university curriculum are the program’s greatest achievements. “The process of teaching a subject forces you to understand and know it in a new way,” Fletcher said. “I think that learning to teach makes you a better student— more empathetic and engaged.” Fletcher attributes most of Chiron’s recent success to the work of Medina, the program’s coordinator. “Rozzell has dusted off a sleepy program and made it incredibly vibrant and exciting. I’m very pleased that as a [graduate] student Rozzell will be sticking around to lead Chiron into the future,” he said. Medina hopes to continue this trend of growth, possibly adding even more classes to the Chiron Studies program. Medina also wants to build a coalition of similar programs around the country in order to develop a culture where the Chiron method of learning is not seen as out of the norm. Chiron Studies plans to offer six classes next fall. Slated courses include topics such as role-playing games, 21st century enlightenment, writing through the body and food affairs. For more information about Chiron Studies and about teaching a course, visit ■


Sparky: Students at Mt. View Elementary recently published “Sparky the Eagle” using the PSU Bookstore’s Odin Ink press. ODIN INK FROM PAGE 1

Odin Ink press reduces publishing costs, inventory excess part of an experimental program brought to PSU by HewlettPackard last summer. The printer allows anyone with a PDF copy of a book to print and bind it with a cardstock cover at an affordable price. PSU Bookstore Manager Ken Brown said that the original purpose for bringing in the printer was to reduce the cost of text and course books for PSU students. The bookstore works with a few mid-tier publishers to produce small batches of books using the printer, which reduces shipping costs and excess inventory. “We can print at a very advantageous cost to the person who’s creating,” Brown said. This advantageous pricing has attracted writers and artists from PSU and the community. Dylan Burke, a bookstore employee who works with the Raptor, said, “More and more graduate students come to us for their printing.” Although there are two other schools in the nation that employ the Raptor, Burke said PSU is producing more work for people off the street than either of the other universities. Brown said that the printer could alternately be used by individual professors who want a customized text for their class. The bookstore is currently working with Cleveland High School to produce their literary arts publication. “It’s been a very, very cool project,” Brown said. “Self-publishing really took over and created a revenue stream for us.” Mt. View Elementary received a grant from the Corvallis Art Center to make 300 copies of the book, the largest quantity printed yet by Odin Ink. So far the students have raised over $250 from book sales. The books can be found in the PSU Bookstore, on Mt. View’s website and eventually through the Chintimini Wildlife Center website. ■





Letters to the editor


Tuition Equity

A provoking question Local billboard controversy highlights modern ethical issues of animal testing

Suicide should not be thought of so conservatively

Elizabeth Bommarito Vanguard staff

The end of March saw the installation of a number of proanimal research billboards in Portland, as well as in Los Angeles, Seattle, Baltimore and Wisconsin. Designed to be thought provoking, they certainly have succeeded in provoking quite a few people. The billboards, which cost $150,000, are being funded by the non-profit Foundation for Biomedical Research. They display an image of a rat and a little girl, and asks passersby to consider, “Who would you rather see live?” It also directs to a pro-animal research website, Portland is known as a hub for animal rights supporters, with various campaigns, most notably against the Oregon National Primate Research Center, which experiments on, breeds and houses over 4000 non-human primates. The billboards infuriated many. One group took matters into their own hands. On April 20, the Portland Animal Defense League received an anonymous communiqué that the message on Portland’s billboard had been permanently altered. The billboard remained mostly unchanged, though now instead asked, “Who would rather live?” It probes the reader to instead think deeper about the possible pain and consciousness that both the rat and the little girl experience. It also now directs to a new website,, which discusses the history of animal research, mostly discussing the primate center in Oregon. The original message on the billboard asking whom one would someone rather see live is problematic. It fails to address that people have preferences, but that preferences don’t mean that you think the other party does not deserve rights too. Let’s take an example: Say your spouse and a complete stranger are in a burning building. You can only save one of them. Who do you choose? Most would choose their spouse I assume because of the familiarity of the relationship. Similarly, we may choose the little girl over the rat, because of our familiarity with the experience of human suffering, yet does this mean that we don’t want the complete stranger, or the rat to live or have rights protecting against pain and suffering? The anti-vivisection site,, makes the incorrect assumption that many animal rights groups have made before, which is that animal research has not created cures to diseases.

Some issues are not so simple

photo courtesy of foundation for biomedical research

Which is cuter?: Pro-animal research billboard have been put up in five cities.

While we could debate the differences between cures, prevention and treatments, the fact remains that animal research has saved the lives of many humans and animals. The Research Saves site is correct to point out triumphs related to terrible diseases such as malaria and leprosy. However, as the number of animals used in research continues to decrease, we then have to question: Why the need for this billboard campaign? In 1970, it was estimated that 50 million animals were used in animal testing experiments. In 1995, that number had been reduced to a still astronomical 14–21 million. The European Union has projected various dates for when they foresee being able to end animal testing for the cosmetic industry all together. Some of the research that still continues on seems highly archaic and unnecessary, such as the $18 million spent at the primate center since 2005 to study the effects of chronic alcohol consumption on primates. is correct to argue, “Imagine how much good $18 million could do in the hands of alcohol treatment centers that provide direct care for those struggling with alcoholism.” Scientific alternatives to animal testing are being used more and more. Still though, organizations such as the Foundation for Biomedical Research spend huge amounts of money promoting this unethical practice. With $12 billion in federal funding going to animal research each year, and $11 million in tax-payer dollars going to the Oregon Primate Center, one has to ask, what could we accomplish in getting away from animal research if more of that money was being used on alternatives? The John Hopkins University Center for Alternatives for Animal Testing says on their site that the leading technologies in animal testing alternatives are in vitro cell culture techniques and in silico computer simulations. In vitro technologies have the ability to succeed better than their animal counterparts because of their ability replicate RNA and DNA sequences in a test tube for direct testing of drugs and chemicals. Just as the use of animals in car-crash tests was replaced by crash-test dummies, with better knowledge and lead by an ethical demand for the rights of other earthlings, the scientific community can squash animal testing, so that we don’t need to ask ourselves who we would rather see live. ■


photo courtesy of

“I care not much for a man’s religion whose dog and cat are not the better for it.” Abraham Lincoln

Suicide is a tricky thing to talk about. It’s simple to discuss clinically; that’s done on a daily basis. But for those whose lives have been touched by suicide, the discussion is different. janieve Suicide leaves many quesschnabel tions. What did I miss? Why would they do this? Whose fault is it? What made it happen? Everyone asks such questions in one way, shape or form when suicide becomes a part of their life. And as these people know, it’s not simple. A recent study begs to differ. Research performed right here in Oregon recently made headlines after it was published. Its controversial finding was lauded by some as a step in the right direction for determining where the teens most at-risk for suicide were. According to Columbia University researcher Mark Hatzenbuehler, teenagers living and going to school in what would be considered more conservative districts were more likely to attempt suicide than those in what would be considered more liberal districts. This has, of course, led to many in the media proclaiming that living in conservative areas is a direct cause of suicide. It has also led to a backlash from the conservative community, who are fighting the supposed implications of the study. Meanwhile, the liberal community has given itself a pat on the back—as if this was some sort of victory. But what the media, conservatives and liberals alike are all forgetting one thing: Suicide isn’t so simple. It cannot be attributed to just one cause.

“…teenagers living and going to school in what would be considered more conservative districts were more likely to attempt suicide than those in what would be considered more liberal districts.” Yes, the data in the study is solid. Approximately 32,000 Oregon high school students were surveyed. District demographics and school programs were taken into account, ranging from relative percentages of liberals and conservatives to the presence or absence of diversity-promoting student groups. The research had no discernable bias, and the results suggested, but did not outright conclude, that rates of teen suicide attempts were higher in conservative districts, which tended not to have as many programs promoting diversity (one particular example was a gay/straight alliance). The study also broke students down by sexual orientation and history, with almost uniform results for all groups. A correlation between a phenomenon and a particular environmental factor does not imply causality. As an example, several serial killers and murderers cite “The Catcher in the Rye” as their favorite book; this does not mean that by reading it, one will become a homicidal maniac. It is certainly possible that there is an influence, however small, but that is precisely what a correlation seeks to present. Environment influences behavior; it does not decide it. Furthermore, the parameters of the study might have something to do with the results. Oregon is a very forward-thinking, socially liberated state. It could be argued that it is very difficult to be a conservative in Oregon, at least on social issues. There is pressure on all sides towards more liberal concepts such as gay rights and environmental protection. Those living in conservative areas likely come from households with more stress, which might lead to higher numbers of suicidal thoughts or attempts. That correlation was determined decades ago. In a more conservative-minded state, the results of this study might have been the exact opposite. The general rule of thumb seems to be that the more accepting and close-knit a community is, the less likely people are to attempt suicide. This may not always be true; even the closest communities may suffer a suicide. However, if there is anything the results of this study tell us, it is that support for and acceptance of people from all walks of life is good for the entire group. Schools with programs geared towards acceptance saw lower suicide rates; it may only have been coincidence that these schools all happened to be “liberal” schools. So while no study can tell us exactly why people choose to attempt suicide or even what mix of factors might lead to it, good research can help reduce at-risk areas. Suicide will never be a simple categorical breakdown as the media seems to think these studies suggest. It is a complicated, painful and very real part of life, and to attribute it to one cause is an irresponsible, if not uninformed, mistake to make. ■

The Oregon Legislature is considering an important bill this week that would give more students a greater chance to go to college. Senate Bill 742, called the Tuition Equity bill, allows Oregon’s undocumented immigrants to pay in-state tuition rates at one of Oregon’s seven public universities—provided that they have lived in the United States at least five years, attended three years of elementary or secondary school in Oregon, and graduated from high school. The bill requires that these students begin the process of earning legal residency. This is not an issue of illegal immigration, but of economic pragmatism. These students have grown up as Oregonians and been educated in Oregon schools. But compared to their high school classmates, children of undocumented immigrants face non-resident tuition rates three times as high. This effectively bars them from any chance at earning a college degree. In supporting this bill, we uphold our heritage as a nation of immigrants. We advance Portland State University’s mission to provide opportunities for Oregonians. We bring these individuals out of the shadows and help them on their paths to become educated, contributing members of society. Punishing these students for their parents’ choices is to turn our backs on a problem that is not going away. Without a college education, many will be relegated to low-wage jobs rather than the kind of careers that will make Oregon’s economy prosper. The economic case for higher education is indisputable: The U.S. Department of Labor estimates that a person with a bachelor’s degree will earn $1 million more in their lifetime than a person without a college degree (based on a 40year career). These benefits translate into greater tax revenues, a stronger workforce, and less reliance on social services. Contrary to the complaints of critics, passage of S.B. 742 does not equal a handout. Children of undocumented immigrants are not eligible for state or federal financial aid. These potential students, mostly Latino and from impoverished circumstances, face the same challenges of paying for college as other students, but with greater financial obstacles. For that reason, the Tuition Equity bill will not result in a massive influx of new students. The dozen or so states that passed “tuition equity” legislation report modest increases of students, from a handful to a few hundred new students enrolling as a result. The Oregon University System estimates that passage of this bill would result in an average increase of 15 new students per campus. I am joined in support of this bill by many, including the presidents of UO and OSU, the Oregon Student Association, a majority of Oregon’s state senators, business leaders and others. In this effort, Oregon is part of a national movement. A federal version of the bill, the DREAM Act, had gained significant momentum—including support from President Obama—but remains stalled in Congress. We can do better. We need not wait until Congress acts to provide fair, equitable solutions to Oregonians committed to earning a college degree and to becoming engaged, contributing citizens. Wim Wiewel Portland State University president

A public hearing for S.B. 742 is scheduled for 3 p.m., Wednesday, May 11, 2011, in Hearing Room E of the Capitol Building, in Salem.

Election timeline addressed Thank you for your continued support of the ASPSU elections process. Without your interest, we could not have generated the enthusiasm and voter participation that the university had this election cycle. However, the Elections Board wishes to clarify some misconceptions printed in the Friday, May 6, 2011 editorial titled, “Fixing Your Student Government.” With the recently passed Constitutional Amendments, which were proposed by this year’s Elections Board, your concerns about the elections timeframe have already been addressed. Next year’s Elections Board will be appointed earlier, have a complete manual to reference,


Tennessee’s proposed “Don’t say gay” law sets back gay rights

and now will not be constrained by the prior constitutional barriers that limited elections to between the third and fifth week of Spring Quarter. Once again, the Elections Board would like to thank the Vanguard for its vested interest in the 2011 ASPSU Annual Election. We hope that the increased student participation this year is a positive sign of things to come. Respectfully, The ASPSU Elections Board

ASPSU supports SB 742 Like the rest of the country, Oregon is in the throes of an economic recession worse than anything since the Great Depression. The best way to ensure our future stability is to invest in our citizens. Higher education provides measurable benefits to an individual, our state, and the community at large. SB 742, Tuition Equity, will ensure that every Oregon student has fair access to quality and affordable higher education, regardless of their documentation status.
Higher levels of education correspond directly to lower levels of unemployment and poverty, so in addition to contributing more to tax revenues than others do, adults with higher levels of education are less likely to depend on social safetynet programs, generating decreased demand on public budgets. SB 742 helps lay the foundation for Oregon’s 21st century economy. All Oregon children in the K-12 system deserve fair access to affordable tuition for Oregon universities.
 Thank you,

 Ethan Allen Smith
 Associate Students of Portland State University

MSA Videographer responds I was the videographer who was kicked out of the MSA event during “Islam awareness week.” I went into that event with an open mind, having heard and seen things both positive and negative about Islam. So I went there to see what it was all about. Having documented several other events on video, this was the first time I’d ever been asked to turn off the video or leave. What transpired gave me a firsthand experience as to what Islam is about. Over the week or so that followed, I had moved on to other projects and work, but it appears as though several other folks just can’t get over this and continue to bring it up. The author of the article in the Vanguard [“Muslim student group racially targeted on Internet,” April 26], Mr. Vinh Tran, had contacted me via my youtube channel,, and proposed an interview. He attempted to bait me into this by suggesting that I was unfairly ejected from the event. Knowing how brutal and biased traditional media can be, I chose to not respond. And anyone who read the article can now see why. First off, a Muslim is one who follows the religion of Islam. They are not a race. Secondly, there was no racial motivation in what I did. Mr. Tran has since attempted to back step and talk about third party blogs and websites that reposted the video, which apparently had racial slurs. I have nothing to do with what other people say, and his mentioning of those sites is buried in the article, whereas the video and actions of myself and the MSA were the primary focus of the article. Thirdly, Mr. Scott Gallagher was wrong in his citing of the “Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act” (FERPA), as there is nothing in that document that is applicable to video documenting an event on campus. Perhaps he should have actually read the Act before citing it, and perhaps Mr. Tran should have done journalistic fact checking and read it as well. When I questioned both of them about this, they both declined to comment on FERPA, as seen in one of my follow up videos. Fourthly, if PSU buildings are considered private property, then why has PSU taken over $350,000,000 of public money since 2007? If PSU wants to give back that money, I will happily concede my public property stance. And last, but certainly not least, I wonder why Mr. Tran neglected to mention the intolerant and the threatening comments I’ve received on my youtube channel? I thought Islam was supposed to be about peace and tolerance? Several of those comments have since been deleted by their authors, however they are documented via e-mail to me from youtube, and I will make a video montage of them.

Baylea O’Brien Daily Emerald staff

In every state in the U.S., there are laws that do not make much sense to anyone. Although innocuous, in Oregon, it is illegal to eat ice cream on Sundays, and one is not allowed to test his or her physical endurance while driving a car on the highway. These laws are no longer enforced, but even today there are senseless, if not unjust and hurtful, bills threatening to pass through state governments across the nation. Let’s use Tennessee as an example. This southern state is notoriously conservative. It even has a law on the books prohibiting interracial marriages, which we can only hope doesn’t get enforced. Now, Senator Stacey Campfield is trying to pass a bill through the Tennessee government that would make discussing homosexuality before ninth grade illegal in public schools. It has unfortunately been coined the “Don’t Say Gay” bill. Aside from being unconstitutional, the bill discriminates against the homosexual community and shows a reluctance to accept minority communities. Of course, this isn’t Sen. Campfield’s first attempt to sponsor an outlandish piece of legislation. Campfield has purposed bills that would make guns legal on college campuses and death certificates for aborted fetuses. From his previous track record, this new initiative does not stray far from the beaten path. So, in the eyes of Tennessee lawmakers, what are the benefits of the “Don’t Say Gay” bill? Well, homosexuality would be utterly taboo for children in kindergarten through ninth grade. If you don’t talk about it, it doesn’t exist, right? Wrong, Tennessee. The bill alienates children who have homosexual parents, children who may be homosexual themselves, and the teachers who are unable to counsel or support children with these matters. That being said, the bill reinforces those who believe homosexuality is a nurturedriven characteristic. If children aren’t

In closing, it appears as though the Vanguard missed the real story, that being the event itself, and, instead, attempted to piggyback onto the story that I stumbled upon. Sincerely, “Mike”

exposed to the subject in school, they are less likely to become homosexual—or so Tennessee thinks. If this piece of legislature were to pass, it would be a step back for our entire country. It would be a step from equality, freedom of speech, and the most important component, tolerance. Johnmichael Lahtinen, the community liaison for the University of Oregon’s LGBTQA, was shocked when he first heard about the bill. As a member of the queer community, Lahtinen and the LGBTQA work to spread awareness and bridge understanding through the University campus. But even outside of campus, Lahtinen has had run-ins with people who are not tolerant of homosexuality. He feels safe in the University community because if a hate crime is committed, he knows it will be dealt with immediately, and not swept aside. Even in Oregon, a largely liberal state and a front runner in liberal policies, some people are still unwilling to accept the queer community. Imagine being in Tennessee. “Education is the most important thing for kids,” Lahtinen said, “ [the bill] would immediately put a bias on students when they are forming their opinions.” As Lahtinen pointed out, not being able to talk about such important topics will just cause students more confusion and mental strain. The “Don’t Say Gay” bill affects the entire gay community. It is time for Tennessee to modernize their thinking and realize that restricting resources about homosexuality is harmful not just to an entire community, but to an entire country. We will never succeed in equality if states continue to press oppress certain groups based on differences. “People have rights to be who they are, and people need to learn that being normal is being different,” Lahtinen said. *This article was originally published in the Daily Barometer. It is reprinted here in its original form.

NOW HIRING EDITORS AND WRITERS FOR 2011–2012 a p p ly o n l i n e at w w w. P S U VAN G UA R D. c o m





A rare evening with Denmark’s favorite son PSU Theater Arts presents “Hamlet,” the 1603 quarto Joshua Hunt Vanguard staff

PSU Theater Arts will stage an ambitious production of Shakespeare’s rarely performed 1603 quarto “Hamlet,” opening Thursday, May 19 in Lincoln Hall. Sixteen student actors, under the direction of PSU Theater Arts Department Professor Karin Magaldi, will perform daily from May 19 through May 28. Professor Magaldi explained what makes the 1603 quarto distinct from the canonical “Hamlet.” “It’s fast, it’s very theatrical and it’s less philosophical,” said Magaldi. “It’s a modern dress version, but we aren’t changing the words. The language of this first quarto, however, does sound very modern.” Three early editions of the “Hamlet” text survive: the first quarto of 1603, the second quarto of 1604 and the first folio, which was published in 1623, following Shakespeare’s death. The first quarto contains roughly half the text of the later second quarto, but as Magaldi explained, the earlier text distinguishes itself beyond its brevity. “When the first quarto was rediscovered in 1823, people were really excited about it,” Magaldi said. “Many people initially believed that it was a first draft. It gained a reputation as ‘the bad quarto’ for many years, because it lacked the poetry of the first folio, and a lot of the famous soliloquies aren’t included. Eventually, some scholars began to suspect that this first quarto was actually a touring version that was taken on the road for performances at Cam-

bridge and Oxford. The version of ‘Hamlet’ that people are used to seeing is a conflation of the second quarto and the first folio, and is five hours long. Five hours of ‘Hamlet’ doesn’t speak to an audience the way that something like this does.” What the 1603 quarto “Hamlet” lacks in poetic lyricism, it makes up for in theatricality, action and historical insight. Unlike the other “Hamlet” texts, this quarto was discovered with stage directions that have given scholars unique insights into theater practices of Shakespeare’s day. While it runs shorter than the canonical “Hamlet,” the 1603 quarto contains a scene not found in other editions of the play, and benefits from greater coherency in plot sequencing. This is a “Hamlet” that is at home on the stage, not in a library. “It’s kind of exciting,” Magaldi said. “This text works very well theatrically. It may not work as well in terms of literature, but as theater it’s fantastic. There’s a raggedness and rawness to it that tells the audience so much more about the characters.” While the 1603 quarto “Hamlet” has been often maligned by Shakespeare scholars for its less poetic elements, recent scholarship has revealed deeper structures in the major speeches that suggest great artistry. The mutual artistic and academic passion that Shakespeare continues to inspire is one source of inspiration for Magaldi in bringing this seldom performed “Hamlet” to PSU students. “I think a performance like this at a university is very exciting,” Magaldi said. “Students will be able to see a lot of things that may escape them


Swordplay: En garde, purple shirt.

in the literature. They’ll be able to get a sense of how theater might have been in Shakespeare’s time, and see how they weren’t only concerned with poetry, but with theater as well. This production is extremely theatrical, and moves very fast. It goes like a house on fire.” In addition to the 16-student cast and Director Karin Magaldi, the production features the work of lighting and set designer Bruce Keller, as well as a composer, costume designer and even a fight choreographer. The PSU Theater Arts production of “Hamlet,” quarto 1603, will be staged in the recently remodeled Lincoln Hall. “The building was just redone,” Magaldi said. “It’s quite a wonderful space, and so far all the

technical aspects work really, really well. We’re actually using a revolve for this play, which we rarely do. The stage will actually move while the actors are walking through it, which really brings it alive. We have fights, swordplay, all the bells and whistles. It’s very exciting.” ■

PSU Theater Arts presents Shakespeare’s “Hamlet,” the 1603 quarto Runs May 19–28, with a 2 p.m. showing May 22 Lincoln Hall $12 adults, $10 PSU students, staff, faculty and senior citizens Opening performance May 19, $6 for students 503-725-3307

Cheap eye candy If you want to see great films, head to OMSI Kynna Groff Vanguard staff

Going to an IMAX movie can be great way to stay entertained for a few hours, but with the average cost of a ticket at around $13 it can also be a great way to go broke. This spring, if you want stunning entertainment without breaking the bank, then skip the multiplex and check out the 2011 Film Festival at OMSI. The 2011 Film Festival is an eight-week celebration of 24 of the best and most impressive cinematic offerings shot in IMAX. From May 3 to June 26, OMSI will show several movies a day on the five-story screen of their famous OMNIMAX dome. On weekdays, the films will start showing at 11 a.m. and continue throughout the day, with the last one starting at 6 p.m. During the last week of the festival, there will be an extra movie scheduled each night. But on Friday and Saturday nights OMSI will extend the show times, so the last movie will begin at 9 p.m. Tickets to see these IMAX films start at the very reasonable price of $8.50 for adult non-members ($7.50 for OMSI members) and $6.50 for youth and senior non-members ($5.50 for members) For shows starting 6 p.m. or later, ticket prices go down to $6 for adult nonmembers ($5 for members) and $5 for youth and senior non-members ($4 for members). If you want to see more than one or two movies, buying one of the passes is recommended. The Producer’s Pass-Single ($22) will get you into

four movies of your choice with a free popcorn for each show. The Producer’s Pass ($40) will get you and a guest into four movies of your choice with a free popcorn for each show. Finally, the Director’s Pass ($90) will get you and a guest into all movies with a free popcorn for each show. Passes are limited in quantity though, so your best bet is to get them while it’s still early in the festival. Passes can be purchased by phone at 503-863-5611. Tickets and passes can also be bought at the OMSI front desk. So, which films can you expect to see this year? Here’s a little preview of a few of the 24 IMAX gems that will be showcased during the festival: “Amazon” American scientists and a tribal shaman journey from the Amazon River’s source in the Andes through the rainforest in search of rare medicinal plants. Get ready to experience the utter beauty that is the Amazon basin.

photo courtesy of nasa/

Spaced out: OMSI: The final frontier.

“Born to be Wild” A heartwarming movie that details the lives and experiences of the people who rescue and rehabilitate orphans from two of the most endangered species on the planet: orangutans and African elephants.

“Hurricane on the Bayou” A soundtrack of inspiring jazz, blues and gospel backs up this journey through the heart of Louisiana before, during and in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. This film depicts the haunting damage and the enduring hope that exists in storm-ravaged New Orleans.

“Ultimate Wave Tahiti” Ten-time world surfing champion Kelly Slater travels through Tahiti and French Polynesia trying to find the perfect wave experience while the science behind waves and the shaping of the islands are explained. ■

“Deep Sea” In the farthest depths of the world’s oceans live some of the most fascinating, dangerous and entertaining animals found on the planet. These filmmakers take the audience up close to some of the world’s most bizarre creatures, including a few which have never been seen before.

“Mystic India” A chance to see the spectacular natural and architectural beauty, geographic and cultural diversity, and spiritual wonder that exists in the land and soul of India. The movie is shown through the true story of an eleven-year-old boy who walked 8,000 miles barefoot, across the vast country.

OMSI Film Festival Runs now through June 26 OMSI Passes $22–90 Individual films $5.50–8.50, visit for details All ages




So much more than Outback Steakhouse ads Of Montreal bring their traveling show to the Roseland Jake Stevens Vanguard staff

With an already impressive discography that includes upward of ten albums, Of Montreal is nowhere near becoming another “who was that by again?” group, as is the common fate that Elephant 6 Recording Company bands usually endure. This Thursday at the Roseland, Of Montreal is going to be giving yet another taste of its long-acquired afro-beat funk rhythms to a willing crowd. Supposedly named after a failed romance with a woman who hailed from Montreal, Canada, founder Kevin Barnes and his ever-growing indie-pop band have already established themselves as formidable musicians. Rising out of Athens, Ga., these glam rockers have had quite a history. Since the group was formed in 1996, the style of its music have undergone a drastic change. From its first tunes, which encapsulated more of an acoustic balance, Of Montreal seems to have outgrown those ways and have been grooving amongst a more electronic rhythm. Safe to say, since the band released their 2004 album “Satanic Panic in the Attic,” the group’s first record release with Polyvinyl Records and their sixth album as a whole, Kevin Barnes’ music has drastically taken off in terms of popularity. Serving as a pinnacle to the group’s more successful times, 2004 was a time in which the group had strayed away from relying on organic sounds, shifting into more of an electronic mindset using drum machines and synthesizers.

able spot that any indie/pop/rock bands rising out of their electronic induced coma would be in: returning to semi-old ways, but featuring interesting artists that seem only like providing another off-color raise of the eyebrow to the palette. As mentioned before, Of Montreal had released their last album in late 2010 dubbed: “False Priest.” The same guy who produced albums for Kanye West and Fiona Apple—Grammy nominated Jon Brion—brought the album to life. He’s recorded at Ocean Way Recording, made famous by hosting previous stars such as Frank Sinatra and Ray Charles. The album is said to have been a marked change for the group making their way back to organic sounds, which is most likely what will be shown at the Roseland this Thursday. If you show up PHOTO COURTESY OF OFMONTREAL.NET Of Montre-ARR!: Meanwhile, at the local Outback, members of OM threaten to gut Barnes if he ever writes another jingle for the steakhouse. you might even get a glimpse of Beyonce’s sister Solange Knowles, As many have warned show-goers in the past a Clear Glass Window”) as well as their costume who is said to have made a cameo appearance on about the dangers of cruising to Of Montreal changes and naked escapades, their impressive the album. I mean, even if Solange Knowles isn’t shows (thinking back to the infamous Las Vegas musical track record is the real deal. What many there, I’m sure it will still be an epic display of show in 2007 where Kevin Barnes performed fans hold dear with this eclectic electric group is what the band has grown into thus far. ■ a good number of songs completely naked in its sublime approach toward conducting music. front of a screen displaying pornography) no- Gloomy and morbid narrative portrayals sung body knows what to expect coming from an happily to upbeat, uplifting melodies (as heard Of Montreal show. Especially since the group in “Doing Nothing” and “Old People in the Of Montreal May 12 is touring around to promote their tenth album Cemetery”) seem to still be a common denomi- Roseland Theater that had come out in late 2010: “False Priest.” nator with Of Montreal’s M.O. $20 Besides the group’s random cover songs (Yoko Where the band lies now seems to be only All ages Ono’s “I Feel like Smashing My Head Through described as quite an unpredicted yet predict-

The week in bangers Our resident DJ tells you what to play at your next party Johnny Mayer Vanguard staff

As a DJ, dubstep is lots of fun to play, but as a listener, it very certainly shakes, rattles and subtly floats you to the highest highs while letting the lowest lows creep out from the subwoofers of the dance floor. My prediction for the coming summer is that dubstep will be hitting harder and much heavier. Although quite a few labels have been dominating the scene, Play Me Too Records is one of the most dominating forces in the game today. This week we’ll take a look at three tracks from a four different artists on the Play Me Too label—mmm, bass-y. Dubsidia – “Ganja Monsta” An incredibly swirling all-jive intro kicks this one off to get you into the mood for shaking your moneymaker. A killer bass lead kicks in a few bars after the initial intro, getting the track from 0–60 mph very quickly. A high-filter sweep rolls for a short while, a quick sample of a shriek pops off and then BLA-DOW, heavy bass and whipping drums. The drums really start pounding in at full force by now, then right before the minute and a half mark they pick up quite a bit with a wicked awesome, very electro feel. At about two minutes and twenty seconds, the break kicks in with almost no warning, which is actually quite a bit relaxing. The track gives you just enough time to let your hair down before an extremely fierce drop. The beat returns full on to play out the rest of the track for almost another two minutes of radical enjoyment. A nice long and high filter sweep backed by an awesome UFO landing styled sound closes this delightful bass number. 4:50, 69 BPM, Play Me Too Records, 2011 Vaski – “Blackout” Vaski’s “Time to Blackout” EP is a hyper-threaded release of sheer awesomeness. The original

mix of the track “Blackout” is easily one of the shiniest gems on the whole record. It’s got tons of elements crammed into a four and a half minute timeslot. The intro plucks off some string sounds that give way to a rising tone prepping you for the bass drop. The bass line drops in with some steady long sweeps; all of a sudden it snaps off in trade for some rapid-fire bass stabs while a heavy pad sound starts to lead in from the background. The strings pluck off again at around two minutes and twenty seconds, and the ever-rising tone once again readies you for a bass drop that is soaking wet with an acid-like feel. Wet. The last twenty seconds or so of the track ride out a really nice whistling lead with a steady drum loop, giving the whole song a very nice feel of completion. 4:38, 70 BPM, Play Me Too Records, 2011 Total Recall & Ntrld – “Rail Gun” An arpeggiated lead almost instantly drops in with a heavy filter slowly sweeping from high to low. The bass teases in and out. The lead and bass echo back and forth for a short bit while the track continues to build up, a short drum roll snaps nicely, then a gritty 8-bit crash fades to near soundlessness. You can anticipate the bass drop on this one, but cannot prepare for its overall heaviness. Bass drums and a tightly layered snare and clap are popping off under the heavy fire of drippy resonant bass. This one is aptly named, for you can almost truly feel the sense of blasting aliens away in space with a futuristic weapon. Right around two minutes and twenty seconds (sense a theme here?) a very arpeggiated lead takes the forefront, putting the bass on the back burner only to let it warm back up. After a nice bass burp or two, the track really begins to growl off with bass and claps. The last minute or so of the track really growls off with bass squelches, saving the last ten seconds or so for just bass and drums that would be great for an extended loop to lead into any track. 4:43, 70 BPM, Play Me Too Records, 2011



Vikings close spring football on high note Spring football game displays great improvements on defense, despite 44-32 loss

still healing from a shoulder injury, and Kavanaugh's limited playing time, Engstrom and Milhollin’s overall performances were promising and displayed the depth at the quarterback position the Vikings currently possess. Stephen LislE Vanguard staff The receiving core showed strong production as well. Six different receivers caught passes for The spring season for Portland State football 16 or more yards, with Justin Monahan and came to a close last Saturday in the offense Roston Tatum leading the bunch. Monahan versus defense spring-game match-up. So finished with 57 yards on three receptions, far, offseason training has arguably been the including a 12-yard touchdown catch from best the Viks’ football program has seen in a Milhollin. Tatum finished with 57 yards, number of years, with depth showing in a after pulling in an impressive 46-yard touchnumber of needed positions. down catch from Engstrom. The big plays were The final score of the spring game fell contagious for the offense and Monahan was 44-32 in favor of the offense, and despite the odd happy to see such production out of his squad in scoring rules that made the match more of a drill their final bout before the summer. than an actual game, both sides looked much “We moved the ball pretty well,” Monahan improved and more confident from where the said. “I think we improved a lot this spring and program stood only one year ago. our confidence level is as high as it has ever been The 2011 spring football game was not done coming into fall.” in a traditional fashion with the team split into In the end, the offense was able to pull out the win, but more importantly, they created scoring opportunities against a muchimproved defense, something coach Burton believed they are capable of with or without Kavanaugh taking the snaps. “I think the offense did a great job today,” Burton said with confidence. “They moved the ball well and consistently, and were able to get some big plays. I’m very proud of them.” The offense may have won the overall game, but it was the defense that showed the greatest progression. After an underwhelming 2010 campaign, the defense became one of the main focuses in spring practices, and on Saturday all their hard work showed on the field. The defense shut down the running game, allowing only 88 yards On the ground: Portland State led the Big Sky conference in rushing yards this past season. on the ground off 35 carries. Three different players finished with a great today though. I can’t wait for this next certainly there and with quality depth developall photos karl kuchs/VANGUARD STAFF QB sack, two of the tackles result- season. Overall, I thought we did a really solid job.” ing at each position, the Vikings look to not only Taking the snap: The Vikings will have multiple options at QB this fall. ing in an eight-yard loss or more. The Viks will now patiently wait for the fall improve from last season, but hope to get in The linebacking crew looked season, which begins when Portland State faces the mix for a possible Big Sky Conference two separate squads. Instead, there was only one like a completely different squad, as they cre- Southern Oregon University at Jeld-Wen field championship as well. ■ defense and one offense side that remained on ated problems for the offense all afternoon. on September 3. Signs of improvement are the field and a unique point system was created Linebackers Joel Sisler and for both sides. The offense attained points from Ryan Rau helped to stop the traditional scoring (six points for a touchdown, run game, with Sisler finishing one for an extra points, etc.), but also received with a team-high seven tackles one point for each first down. However, points and Rau getting four tackles for the defense came from making big plays or and a sack. Khalil Bass added stops. A defensive stop was good for one point, an interception, as he picked off creating a three and out was worth three, a take- Milhollin in the closing minutes away (forced fumble, interception) was good for of the game. six points and if the offense missed a field goal or Although they did struggle extra point, the defense was awarded one point with penalties early in the game, as well. overall the defense showed a Quarterback Connor Kavanaugh started the strong presence. Five different first series of the game, leading the offense down players finished with tackles for the field to an impressive 53-yard field goal losses. booted in by kicker Zack Brown. Kavanaugh, “We came out flat earthe starter for the Viks last season, played only ly which is weird for us,” two series, finishing 3-5 on passing for 43 yards Burton said. “It’s not really their and running for 14 yards also. personality, but once they startThe duration of the offensive series were ed going, they started making manned by either freshman quarterback Josh plays, which was really fun to Milhollin or senior Justin Engstrom. Both watch.” players had great moments, with Engstrom The strong finish was a great showing much more poise in the pocket, while way for the team to go out Milhollin was a stronger threat running the before the summer, but key ball. Engstrom was an impressive 11-14 on players know there is room for passing for 148 yards, including a 46-yard touch- improvement between now and down pass to freshman receiver Roston Tatum. fall camp. Milhollin ran for 66 yards on 10 carries to lead “I think we beat ourselves the team in rushing, but was only 3-13 for up a little bit,” Rau said. “We 48 yards, with one touchdown and one interception. need to be more disciplined. I Despite the absence of Drew Hubel, who’s felt like our linebackers played Healthy competition: The offense pulled out the victory over the defense in the annual spring game..


ETC. ■ TUESDAY, MAY 10, 2011 ■ VANGUARD 11


Sprinting toward the finish line With the season coming to a close, anticipation is high for Big Sky championships Gretchen Sandau Vanguard Staff

This previous weekend the men and women’s track and field Vikings headed down to Eugene and Hayward Field to compete in the Oregon Twilight. This was the last regular meet of the 2011 outdoor season. Coming up next is the Big Sky Outdoor Championship, which will be held on May 11–14. Assistant coach Cassie Stilley said the Vikings performed “okay” at the meet. Some of the highlights came from sophomores Geronne Black and Amber Rozcicha and senior Nate Endicott. Black won the 100-meter with a time of 11.91 seconds. Black currently holds the Big Sky record for the season, at a time of 11.65, which she set at the Stanford Invitational. She also holds the number-one time in the Portland State record books. The weather at the meet was cold and rainy, so even though her time of 11.91 may not seem the fastest, given the weather conditions it was a strong performance. Rozcicha ran a 2:14.79 in the 800-meter, creating a new career record and placing her in third for the meet. “Amber Rozcicha also had a fabulous race. She ran near perfect and tactically, and because of that she almost ran a new personal record,” Stilley said.



CALENDAR .24 seconds shy of the qualifying time. At this meet, he improved his time to 9:26.85, only 1.84 away from a career best. Junior Joenisha Vinson had a decent meet as well. In the long jump she finished second with a distance of 18 feet and 1.75 inches. Her season best is only 3.5 inches better, and she set that at the California Invitational. She also placed third in the 100-meter hurdles. Fellow classmate Tony Crisofulli had his second best season performance at this meet in the 800-meter, finishing fourth with a time of 1:50.67. Also, senior Adrienne Davis was the top performer in women’s shot put with a throw of 44-5.50. As for the upcoming meet, the team will be heading down to a familiar track in Sacramento where they have already competed once this year. Not only does their familiarity with this track help them out, but the fact that they did well All Photos Karl Kuchs/VANGUARD STAFF at this particular place can also Grinding it out: The Vikings closed out a strong regular season this past weekend. serve as a confidence booster. Endicott was the last Viking to qualify for Also, the fact that the athletes will know all the the championship meet, and he did so in the details of the track, like where the bathrooms are 3,000-meter steeplechase. At the second to last and where they can warm up, really helps the meet, the Pacific Twilight, Endicott was only athletes focus more on their events.

“You always remember what tracks you do well on and which ones you run poorly on,” Stilley said. “But I think most of the athletes are just focused on taking care of business.” As far as individual athletes go, there are 18 Vikings qualified for the championship meet, including nine women, and nine men. Competition at the Big Sky championships will be tough, as many of the athletes the Vikings will be going up against are nationally ranked in the top 25. Still, the team has high hopes as they continue to prepare for the big event. ■

Nilesh Tendolkar Vanguard staff

The Portland Timbers earned their secondsuccessive shutout at home in Major League Soccer when they defeated Philadelphia Union 1-0 at Jeld-Wen field on Friday. Timbers defender Mamadou Danso scored the game-winning header in the 72nd minute off a set piece and Portland was able to hold on to their lead until the final whistle blew. The Timbers move up to the 5th spot in the Western Conference, only three points behind leaders LA Galaxy who have two games in hand.   “It’s easy to switch off and let your guard

PHOTO courtesy of craig mitchell dyer/

Heady play: Defender Eric Brunner looks to clear the ball.

down and get punished,” Timbers head coach John Spencer said in a statement released by the club. “But we stuck to the task and we realized what a good team we’re becoming.”   The Timbers’ home form has been sensational

International Students Discussing Social Issues 12 to 1:30 p.m. SMSU 238 Browsing Lounge

Join International Cultural Service Program scholars to learn more about social issues across the globe. To find out more about ICSP please go to Five Week Advanced Maintenance Series: Bearings

5:30 p.m. The Bike Hub

An in-depth look at the various systems of the bicycle. This series of courses is designed to get you comfortable and confident with more advanced types of repairs and the theory behind how these systems work. Civic Engagement Awards with Paul Loeb

3 to 5 p.m. SMSU 238

Paul Loeb has written five widely acclaimed books, published dozens of articles and presented in hundreds of venues about the critical role citizens make in improving community conditions and mobilizing for social change. Join President Wim Wiewel and Provost Roy Koch in celebration of this annual event in honor of faculty and community partners in their exemplary community engagement research, scholarship and teaching. Focus forward: PSU sets sights on Big Sky Championship


Timbers unbeatable at home Portland climbs up to 5th place in the Western Conference with win over Philadelphia


this season, as the team is unbeaten in four MLS matches at Jed-Weld field. Portland has averaged sellouts of 18,627 throughout all home games. “They [Timbers Army] lift everybody up and they’ve been great for us at home,” Danso said. “We’ve just got to go away and just feel like they’re behind us and do the job away from home as well.”   On Friday, Portland was a constant threat to score, including an excellent chance from a set piece just before halftime. Defender Eric Brunner headed a Jack Jewsbury free kick, but could not keep his shot down and the ball sailed over the crossbar.   “We were getting such great service from Jewsbury. I said to [Danso] and [Brunner] at halftime, ‘You’re going to get another chance, you’ve got to hit the target with it, just make the goalkeeper make a save’,” Spencer said. “Luckily enough, we got one and [Danso] put it in the back of the net. I thought it was a tremendous header.”

   The game winner came in the 72 minute, as Jewsbury curled the ball in from a free kick and Danso rose above his marker to head the ball past the Philadelphia goalkeeper. “It was a good goal. [Jewsbury] hit a good cross and I happened to get on the end of it,” Danso said. “In previous games I’ve been close. The last two weeks, the coaches have been working with me and I’ve just been trying to put the ball on target.”   Timbers were by far the better team in the game. With Philadelphia playing all 11 players behind the ball, it was a question of when the Timbers would break though. The Timbers had twice as many attempts on goal (16 as opposed to Philadelphia’s eight) and also twice as many corner kick opportunities. The Timbers defense also managed to keep a clean sheet for their second successive game.   Goalkeeper Troy Perkins added, “It’s three points and that’s all we can really say. Now we have to go on the road and do the same thing next weekend and these two wins at home are really going to help carry that momentum for us.” The Timbers next face Northwest rivals the Seattle Sounders on the road at the Quest Field this Saturday. ■

“Dreamworlds 3” Film Viewing and Discussion 3 to 5 p.m. WRC Lounge

Illustrated with hundreds of up-to-date images, “Dreamworlds 3” offers a unique and powerful tool for understanding both the continuing influence of music videos and

how pop culture more generally filters the identities of young men and women through a dangerously narrow set of myths about sexuality and gender. In doing so, it inspires viewers to reflect critically on images that they might otherwise take for granted. Tuition Equity Hearing 3 to 5 p.m. Capital Building, Salem

Students will be delivering face sheets to legislators and participating in testimony to the house rules committee.


● The numbers within the heavily outlined boxes, called cages, must combine using the given

30 Part of U.A.E.

that already” attitude

46 Anglerʼs need

11:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. University Services Building Room 402

22 “The Office” or “House”

This workshop will dispel myths about choosing the “right” major and help students connect their interests to majors, for those undecided or changing their minds. Myers Briggs Interest Inventory and Career Choice 2 to 4 p.m. University Services Building Room 402

Understand how your personality and skills relate to careers and how to explore careers that fit your interests. Note: You must attend all three sessions.

Friday Next Big Earthquake in Oregon: Are We Ready? 6 to 8:30 p.m. Hoffman Hall

The Maseeh College of Engineering and Computer Science, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, the College of Liberal Arts and Science and the Department of Geology have teamed up to host the 2011 Earthquake Symposium.

operation (in any order) to produce the target numbers in the top-left corners.

● Freebies: Fill in single-box cages with the number in the top-left corner.




1 & 7 Sources of 32 Yield booster the circled words 37 Golden State 13 Least clear athlete 14 Position in a 39 Postpone again college sports 40 Court V.I.P. poll 42 Specify 16 Decorator 43 Roadside bomb, 17 Infested for short 18 Having a “Ho44 Costa ___ hum, Iʼve seen

19 Church recess

must contain the numbers 1 through 4 (easy) or 1 through 6 (challenging) without repeating.

Edited by Will Shortz

Choosing or Changing a Major

KenKen® is a registered trademark of Nextoy, LLC. ©2011 KenKen Puzzle LLC. All rights reserved. Dist. by UFS, Inc.

● Each row and each column

The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation 500 Seventh Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For Release Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Place an event on the calendar: Contact or pick up a calendar request form at the Vanguard advertising office, SMSU, room 114.

21 50+ org.

24 Item for a guitarist or a prospector

47 Lies on the beach 49 Photocopying supplies 51 When Caesar is told to beware 52 Jazz devotees

53 Advil alternative 25 One whose work 57 Rise gradually is filling?: Abbr. 28 Painter Magritte 59 Angry lectures 61 Hairy

29 Bog





62 Ones getting squeezed before breakfast?

63 & 64 Sound of the circled words Down Zippo Polo alternative Bogs down Drinking spree Try to profit from Spaghetti makersʼ implements 7 Shape on an altar 8 Bathe 9 Washington bill 10 Like the Chernobyl nuclear power plant 11 1933 Physics Nobelist Paul 12 Lewis Carroll creature 13 Leon Uris novel, with “The” 15 Econ. figure 20 Use binoculars, say 23 Neaten, as shirts at a menʼs store 24 What hailstones do 25 Sunup 26 Lackluster 27 “___ Smile,” first hit for Hall & Oates 29 Savage 1 2 3 4 5 6













19 22












41 43 48





46 50












29 32








23 28


No. 0405

53 59



62 63


Puzzle by E. J. Masicampo

31 Like the class valedictorian, perhaps 33 “All aboard!” place 34 Letter-shaped beam 35 Patron saint of sailors 36 Plant in a bog

51 Essen exclamation 52 Like a baby with 41 Bring (out) dimples, say 45 Biblical landfall 54 Upper hand 47 Money substitute 55 Shift direction 56 Skierʼs turn 48 Wombs 58 Place 49 Narrow 60 $$$ set aside for 50 Point of view later years 38 Réunion and others

For answers, call 1-900-285-5656, $1.49 a minute; or, with a credit card, 1-800-814-5554. Annual subscriptions are available for the best of Sunday crosswords from the last 50 years: 1-888-7-ACROSS. AT&T users: Text NYTX to 386 to download puzzles, or visit for more information. Online subscriptions: Todayʼs puzzle and more than 2,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Share tips: Crosswords for young solvers:



Softball wins division title PSU sweeps Weber State to win Mountain Division pennant and hosting rights to PCSC Championship Series

PCSC-best 1.70 ERA. The series against Weber State marks the second time this season that the Vikings have won four-straight wins by shutout, and is the first time in school history that the Vikings did not allow a run in a fourgame PCSC series. Elsewhere in the league, Loyola Marymount (16-4 PCSC) claimed Coastal Division title with a series sweep of San Diego. The Lions will now face the Vikings in a PCSC Championship Series that pits the league’s two most successful programs against each other. The Lions have won the conference crown three times (2003, 2005 and 2007) and the Vikings have won twice (2006 and 2009). However, neither school has won since the league split into two divisions. Last year, PSU lost to Saint Mary’s two-games-to-one in the inaugural championship series. Looking ahead, Echo-Hawk said that her team is focused and looking forward to this weekend’s PCSC Series. “We just want to keep rolling the way that we’re going and play a good game, because I know they all want to go to [the NCAA] Regionals and show what they can do on a national level,” she said. Latham is equally optimistic. “We just need to take this momentum into next weekend,” she said. Portland State hosts Oregon State at 5 p.m. today in the Vikings’ final non-conference game of the season. The PCSC Championship Series is scheduled to begin at 3 p.m. Friday at Erv Lind Stadium in Portland’s Hollywood District. Game 2 is scheduled for noon on Saturday, and if a Game 3 is needed, it will begin about 30 minutes after the end of the second game. ■

Robert Britt Vanguard staff

After Portland State opened Pacific Coast Softball Conference play last month by dropping three of four games to visiting Utah Valley, the Vikings knew the road to a secondadam wickham/VANGUARD STAFF straight division title would be Taking it home: The Viking softball team captured another division title after a sweep of Weber State over the weekend. long and arduous. But PSU—the preseason the Wolverines dropped three described the feeling of win- Vikings. Portland State’s bats favorite to win the divi- of their four games to Idaho ning her second-straight title were out in full force at Erv sion—steamrolled through State, the Vikings needed just in the simplest of terms: “It felt Lind Stadium, as PSU went .404 at the plate as a team and the remaining league schedule two wins to clinch the title. really good.” by taking 15 of the next 16 In fitting form, Vikings “I thought I was going to out-hit the Wildcats, 42-10. Wiser and sophomore inconference games to win the earned their needed wins on be more emotional since it is Mountain Division title and Senior Day—a day when play- Senior Day, but we still have fielder Carly McEachran led hosting rights to this weekend’s ers and fans celebrated the ca- more games left in the season,” the Vikings’ offensive charge by each going 7-of-11 with PCSC Championship Series. reers of four departing seniors. Latham said. Portland State secured the Outfielder Brandi Campos, Latham pitched a five-inning a home run in the series. title over the weekend with pitcher Nichole Latham, util- one-hitter in Game 1 on Satur- McEachran earned her threea four-game sweep of visit- ity player Susan Winningham day, and despite her lights-out run long-distance knock in ing Weber State—a sweep in and shortstop Arielle Wiser performance, she remained the fourth inning of Game 4. which the Vikings outscored were each lauded by the crowd modest after helping secure the Wiser chalked hers up in the the Wildcats 33-0 and next inning with a two-run division title. invoked the mercy rule “I struggled there a little inside-the-park homer when in three of the contests. bit in the third inning she put a shot into the gap Portland State ended conwhen I walked a person in right-center that resulted ference play with a 16-4 and didn’t field a ground in a collision between two record, while Weber State ball, but I felt good,” Wildcat outfielders. fell to 3-17. McEachran now leads the Latham said. “There were “We wanted to make a a few pitches where my team with six home runs on statement after our start curveball gave me some the season. Overall, Portland against Utah Valley,” said trouble, but I worked State is hitting .314 on the seathird-year head coach Toson and a league-best .360 in through it.” bin Echo-Hawk after her Latham would go on to conference games. team secured the division Sophomore pitcher Anna pitch 5 2/3 innings of noon Saturday. “You know, hit softball in Game 3 on Bertrand won her eighth- and a lot of people might have Sunday before eventually ninth-straight decisions of the thought, ‘What’s wrong giving up three late-in- season in Games 2 and 4 to with them?’ But we just ning singles. She finished improve her record to 14-8. had a bad weekend. We the weekend with four Bertrand finished the weekend knew what kind of team hits over 12 innings, while with four hits and eight strikewe were and we knew we walking three and strik- outs over nine innings. On the season, Portland were going to win it—it ing out nine. Latham exadam wickham/VANGUARD STAFF was just a matter of time.” tended her season record State pitchers are combined Fast ball: Strong pitching powered the Viks to the top. for a 2.15 ERA while holdOn Saturday, the to 16-8. Vikings defeated the As the final scores im- ing opposing batters to a .217 Wildcats 8-0 in five innings of over 200 in their final regu- ply, it wasn’t just the pitching batting average. In league and 8-0 in six before continu- lar-season home series. that won the weekend for the games, they are throwing for a “We couldn’t have asked ing their hot streak on Sunday with a 6-0 victory in the only for a better time to clinch it,” Up next: PCSC Championship Series game of the series to go the Echo-Hawk said. “Our seniors full seven innings. PSU closed came out and they all played out the regular season league well and they all contributed Loyola Marymount at Portland State slate with an 11-0 win in and we clinched. It’s just nice Coastal Division Mountain Division to see because it’s a celebration five innings. In an all-important final of what they’ve done over the When: 3 p.m. on Friday and noon on Saturday weekend of PCSC play that last four years.” Where: Erv Lind Stadium, located in Normandale Park in Portland’s Hollywood District (NE 57th Ave. and Hassalo St.) Latham, who has worked Cost: Adults $8, Students/Senior citizens $6, Children 3-and-under free decided the champions of both divisions, the Vikings entered her way into the top 10 for the weekend with a one-game no less than eight all-time The Mountain Division champion Vikings now host the Loyola Marymount Lions of the PCSC’s Coastal Division in the secondlead over Utah Valley. After school records over her career, annual PCSC Championship Series. The best-of-three series will decide which squad earns the conference crown and the league’s automatic bid into the NCAA tournament. Game time

Pacific Coast Softball Conference standings

School PCSC Overall Streak Mountain Division x-Portland State 16-4 31-16 W8 Northern Colorado 13-7 17-35 W1 Utah Valley 12-8 19-28 L1 Idaho State 9-11 16-32 W1 Seattle 7-13 11-35 L1 Weber State 3-15 12-36 L6 Coastal Division x-Loyola Marymount San Diego Sacramento State Saint Mary’s Cal State-Bakersfield Santa Clara x-Clinched division title

16-4 14-6 12-8 11-9 5-15 2-18

32-25 24-19 20-24 15-23 17-35 6-33

W8 L4 W2 W4 L2 L21

1 2 3

4 5 6

0 0 0 0 2 0

Weber State Portland State Sunday Game 3 Portland State Weber State Game 4 Portland State Weber State

Friday April 29 MLS

Portland Timbers vs Philadelphia Union

1 0

Scoring summary: POR (72m) – Futty (Jack Jewsbury) WHL championship

Game one: Kootenay Ice vs Portland Winterhawks

3 4/OT

Scoring summary: Kootenay: H. Rintoul (06:31 1st), J. Antilla (17:50 1st), K. King (11:11 3rd) Portland: S. Bartschi (02:06 1st), S. Bartschi (12:51 1st), N. Niederreiter (19:57 1st), T. Rattie (00:55 OT)

Saturday April 30 Football

PSU spring game: Offense Defense

44 32

* Scoring format Offense: Traditional Scoring and 1 point for each first down Defense: Defensive stop = 1 point, three and out = 3 points, takeaway = 6 points, blocked field goal or extra point = 6 points, blocked field goal or extra point = 1 point, touchdown return = 6 points Softball

Game one: Weber State At Portland State

0 8

Top performer: Karmen Holladay (PSU) – 3-3, 2 R, 4 RBI, 1 HR Game two: Weber State At Portland State

0 8

Top performer: Crysta Conn (PSU) – 2-3, 2 R, 3 RBI, 1 SB WHL playoffs

Kootenay Ice 7 at Portland Winterhawks 5 Scoring summary: Kootenay: M. Fraser (05:14 1st), M. Fraser (06:54 2nd), M. Reinhart (08:47 2nd), C. Eakin (10:15 2nd), S. Boomer (13:04 2nd), K. King (14:32 2nd), K. King (19:50 3rd) Portland: B. Leipsic (09:40 1st), S. Bartschi (19:19 2nd), S. Bartschi (06:12 3rd), T. Peters (08:01 3rd), J. Morrow (08:14 3rd) * Best of seven series tied 1-1

Sunday May 1 Softball

Game one: Weber State At Portland State

0 6

Top performer: Nicole Latham (PSU) – 7 IP, 3 H, 2 BB, 5 SO Game two: Weber State At Portland State

0 11

Top performer: Arielle Wiser (PSU) – 3-4, 3 R, 3 RBI, 1 HR

Line scores

Saturday Game 1 Weber State Portland State Game 2






0 0 3 3

- -

0 8

1 11

3 1

0 0 0 1 1 2

0 0 0 0 2 2

- -

0 8

3 12

4 0

0 6 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

- -

6 0

6 3

1 3

5 0 1 0 0 0


0 0

3 2 0 0

- -

11 0

13 3

0 0


NCAA West Regional Tournament (May 5-7): Portland State placed 20 out of 24 schools. PSU golfers: t56. Kalyn Dodge, 73-76-83=232 t63. Lauren Taylor, 77-80-77=234 t77. Tiffany Schoning, 78-73-86=237 t89. Britney Yada, 77-82-80=239 122. Alexia Brown, 78-82-91=251 * Check out www.psuvanguard. com for an online exclusive article recapping the golf team’s performance at the tournament.

Vanguard May 10, 2011  
Vanguard May 10, 2011  

Vanguard May 10, 2011