Page 1


Event of the day Check out today’s free brass ensemble concert featuring students, faculty and professional musicians! Part of the Performance Attendance Recital Series. When: Noon Where: The Old Church, 1422 SW 11th Ave



Budget ready for president Senate approves SFC budget after a few changes

Food for the soul and the body Eat Yr Heart Out brings together two of Portland's favorite pastimes PAGE 4

Role-play and murder Portland State students put on subversive theater this weekend PAGE 4

Transience and poetry On the Stairs releases a new album tonight at the Woods PAGE 5


Corie Charnley Vanguard staff

After weeks of appeals and deliberation, the Student Senate has approved the Student Fee Committee’s final budget allocation, totaling $13,151,580, for the 2010–11 fiscal year. At its meeting on March 30, after reviewing the initial budget, the Student Senate submitted recommendations for the SFC to consider. Increases to several different groups’ budgets were proposed, and overall, the SFC responded to all of the requests. The SFC’s total allocation was a 2.75 percent increase from the 2009–10 fiscal year. The budget will now be presented to the university president for the final approval process. Among the several recommendations proposed by the senate was a re-examination of the Greek Council’s budget. However, the only adjustments that were made were related to its stipends, DJ services and travel budget. “There were no specifics regarding the purpose of the [senate’s proposed] examination,” said James Gent, vice chair of the SFC.

ASPSU eligibility issues President temporarily removed from office due to unmet requirements Virginia Vickery and Sarah J. Christensen Vanguard staff

Young gun Freshman pitcher Anna Bertrand sets a new level of dominance at PSU PAGE 6 Vikings finish big Women's golf takes fifth at Cowgirl Classic, Yada nabs second place PAGE 6

In addition, no changes were made to the Organization Budget Council’s budget. According to Gent, “[the OBC] was completely satisfied with its [initial] allocation.” Though the Student Veterans Association submitted an appeal to its budget, it did not address the issues raised by the senate, which regarded the caps on travel and stipend categories. Gent said that the SFC made it clear that though there were caps put on these categories, the SVA could distribute its travel and stipend funds according to its needs. However, to reflect the senate’s proposal, the SFC split the SVA’s funds equally between the president and vice-president’s stipends “for clarity.” The senate originally recommended that the Multicultural Center’s budget be reexamined to restore its co-sponsorship and Peer 2 Peer mentoring programs. In regards to the co-sponsorship, the SFC argued that the costs of events supported by the Multicultural Center be reflected in the appropriate budget. The SFC’s response to the recommendation read, “Without the evidence of true cost, it allows the budget with this kind of line item to… become another funding body of state money that has had no viewpoint neutrality training or training within the scope of allocating state finances.”

The student government vice president was forced to serve as president for three days in mid-March, due to the president’s noncompliance with academic standards set forth in its constitution. The issue has since been resolved through a technicality, but other members of ASPSU may have been in the same situation. Every member of ASPSU is bound by its constitution to maintain certain academic standards to serve in elected, hired or appointed positions. On Sunday, March 27, Eddie Hallman, ASPSU Vice President, received a call from Assistant Director of Student Activity and Leadership Programs Domanic Thomas informing him that he was “acting president” until academic eligibility requirements could be met by President Jonathan Sanford. “There was a period of time that Eddie Hallman was acting president and that wasn’t widely announced,” Thomas said.

It is the responsibility of the university to inform ASPSU officials or members if they do not meet academic requirements. According to the constitution, if the president does not meet eligibility requirements, the vice president is acting president. If both the president and vice president are not eligible, then the chief justice of the Judicial Board acts as an interim president. Hallman also faced eligibility difficulties, which he said were resolved quickly. “That was the case—kind of—but it was bureaucratic, not academic… Both of our situations were resolved without anything shady going down and we’re excited to finish up our terms in office,” Hallman said. The Judicial Board members were made aware of the issue during spring break, and addressed it at their first meeting of the term. The board decided that the students had one week to fix things or the seats would be declared vacant. By Tuesday, March 30, Sanford had worked with his professors to finish his requirements and was reinstated as president. “We’re all official still, everyone on executive staff is fully on right now,” Hallman said. Sanford claims Thomas misunderstood the ASPSU

Marni Cohen/Portland State Vanguard

Moving on: Student Senate deliberated on and passed the SFC budget to go to PSU president.

In addition, a coordinating position was funded to act in an administrative role for the Peer 2 Peer mentoring programs. According to the SFC’s response to the senate recommendations, no changes were made to the Jim Sells Childcare Assistance Program, as “childcare, as a whole, received a five percent increase.” Gent said that while increased funding would be beneficial, the program did not appeal the initial budget allocation. Las Mujeres received an additional $100 to cover events hosted by the group. According to Gent, a doubled line item in the student group’s budget allowed the SFC to increase its funding. Overall, Las Mujeres received an adjusted allocation of $11,221. KPSU received a $21,566 increase, resulting in a total allocation of $176,429. According to the SFC’s statement, the SFC predicts that

KSPSU’s demand for DJ services will “create a demand for an increased repertoire within KPSU’s music collection.” As a result, $5,000 was placed in a designated reserve to cover this cost. In addition, $15,000 was placed in reserve for the purpose of increasing stipends, due to the SFC’s “routing of DJ services of KPSU.” PSU’s debate team received a $24,960 increase in funds, raising its total allocation to $54,184. However, most of that money is in designated reserve unless the debate team meets certain requirements, such as finding other possible avenues of funding, understanding the SFC funding levels will likely decrease in the future and that only “necessary” team members will travel. “Given that [the debate team’s] mission is unique, and that it is solely based around competitive travel…[its mission] was completely hindered by the original allocation,” Gent said.

Constitution and mistakenly promoted Hallman. The constitution states that undergraduate students who are elected, appointed or standing as candidates for office must maintain a minimum 2.00 GPA per term and are required to be students in “good” standing, as defined by the university, throughout the term of office. Undergraduates must complete at least four academic credits per term, excluding credits earned through ASPSU participation and classes designated as pass/no pass, incomplete or otherwise not awarded a GPA, as defined by the university. Sanford said a professor allowed his grade to be entered as an “X” rather than as an “Incomplete” until he completed some work, after which time the professor entered a grade. According to the university’s grading policy, an X or Y grade does not count toward the calculation of grades and it is used when there is an insufficient basis for a grade. “The way it’s going is that I had an ‘X’ on my account, it says [in the constitution] only incompletes, and that’s what people have been cracking down about,” Sanford said. According to Thomas, other students faced similar situations of ineligibility, a list of whom was sent to the J-Board, but the Vanguard was unable to obtain a copy of the list by press time. Reasons that these ASPSU members couldn’t meet requirements ran the gambit from grade issues to number of credits

passed to minimum class registration requirements, Thomas said. “Some chose to resign, some have fixed their situation to be in line with the constitution, but not the student stipend agreement,” Thomas said. Yet, he went on to say, “This was the lowest [number of students not qualified] I’ve seen in the last few years.” The student senate is planning to take a vote in late April on a proposed change to the constitution regarding half-time requirements. The change would be that ASPSU members would have to be enrolled in at least six, rather than four, academic credits to keep their positions. This change would bring the requirements in line with the Dean of Students Stipend Policy. The senate will have to decide if it takes immediate effect or not. If it does, the change will affect a lot of students, Thomas said. “The four to six change is one that I absolutely applaud,” he said. Student-leaders must meet a host of requirements in order to keep their positions. All students receiving a stipend from the university fill out Student Stipend forms in which they agree to specific terms, including maintaining satisfactory academic performance. The ASPSU constitution also has several other requirements for its officials to comply with throughout the academic year. The constitution can be found on its Web site at

Vanguard 2 | Arts & Culture April 8, 2010

Sarah J. Christensen Editor-in-Chief Virginia Vickery News Editor Theodora Karatzas Arts & Culture Editor Richard D. Oxley Opinion Editor Robert Britt Sports Editor Bryan Morgan Production Manager Marni Cohen Photo Editor Zach Chastaine Online Editor Kristin Pugmire Copy Chief Kristin Pugmire Calendar Editor Jae Specht Advertising Manager William Prior Marketing Manager Judson Randall Adviser Ann Roman Advertising Adviser Illustrator Kira Meyrick Associate News Editor Corie Charnley Production Assistants Justin Flood, Shannon Vincent Post-production Assistant Adiana Lazarraga Contributors Stacy Austin, Will Blackford, Bianca Blankenship, Leah Bodenhamer, Meaghan Daniels, Sarah Engels, Sarah Esterman, Amy Fylan, Courtney Graham, Natalia Grozina, Patrick Guild, Joe Hannan, Rosemary Hanson, Steve Haske, Nadya Ighani, Carrie Johnston, Sara M. Kemple, Tamara K. Kennedy, Ebonee Lee, J. Logue, James MacKenzie, Daniel Ostlund, Sharon Rhodes, Robert Seitzinger, Tanya Shiffer, Wendy Shortman, Catrice Stanley, Nilesh Tendolkar, Robin Tinker, Vinh Tran, Katherine Vetrano, Allison Whited, Roger Wightman Photographers Drew Martig, Michael Pascual, Liana Shewey, Adam Wickham Copy Editors Noah Emmet, Amanda Gordon Advertising Sales Sam Gressett, Iris Meyers, Ana SanRoman, Wesley Van Der Veen Advertising Designer Beth Hansen Distributor Cody Bakken

Find us at The Vanguard is chartered to publish four days a week as an independent student newspaper by the PSU Publications Board. Views and editorial content expressed herein are those of the staff, contributors and readers, and do not necessarily represent those of the PSU student body, faculty, staff or administration. One copy of the Vanguard is provided free of charge to all community members, additional copies or subcription issues may incur a 25 cent charge. The Vanguard is printed on 40 percent post-consumer recycled paper. Copyright © 2010 Portland State University Vanguard 1825 SW Broadway, Smith Memorial Student Union, Rm. S-26, Portland, Ore., 97201


Tunneling continues Water system revamp in phase two, cause of Park Blocks obstructions Catrice Stanley Vanguard staff

Work continues on the energysaving infrastructure improvement project to update the aging heating and cooling systems throughout the Portland State campus. Construction is most evident in the Park Blocks, where fences have been set up from Shattuck Hall to Millar Library and from Millar Library to Science Building 2. The project to transition to a more efficient and sustainable system of high-pressure steam and chilled water-supported heating and cooling was originally expected to be completed August 2010, as first reported by the Vanguard in November, 2009. However, it now looks as though it might be a little longer before the fences in the Park Blocks come down. Mark Fujii, construction manager for the project, puts the current expected end date at February 2011. “This project is a major infrastructure improvement for Portland State University that will ensure a more sustainable campus for current and future students,” Fujii said.

Phase one of the project began in February of 2008, and Fujii describes that phase as “mostly complete.” Work started in the East Heating Plant in the Cramer Hall sub-basement, with the installation of a new 750-ton chiller. The first phase also included upgrades to the steam and chilled-water piping from Cramer Hall, through Smith Memorial Student Union and Neuberger Hall, to Shattuck Hall and across Broadway Street to the Education and School of Business Administration and the University Services Building. A tunnel, also part of phase one, was constructed across Sixth Avenue to the new Academic and Student Recreation Center. According to Fujii, this tunnel has yet to have piping installed due to funding constraints. It does, however, provide a future path to extend the loop to the east side of campus for buildings like the ASRC. Phase two, currently the main focus of construction, will cost an additional $17.5 million in state economic stimulus funds. It includes the construction of two utility tunnels, the “south tunnel” and the “west tunnel.” The south tunnel will connect Shattuck Hall to the south end of Millar Library through the Park Blocks. The west tunnel will connect the west side of Millar Library to Science Building 2.

Adam Wickham/Portland State Vanguard

Efficiency loop: Tunneling for a new, more efficient heating and cooling system continues at

Portland State, causing obstructions on the Park Blocks.

The “north tunnel” and “east tunnel” were already part of the PSU landscape prior to construction. “These are utility tunnels and are not for pedestrian access. They will be filled with chilled water and steam piping to create a full loop around campus,” Fujii said. The addition of the south and west tunnels and new piping added to the north tunnel will allow more energy-efficient equipment to transport heating and cooling to greater portions of campus, according to Fujii. “In the future, we hope to create similar loops on the other side of Broadway, possibly all the way down to Fourth Avenue,” Fujii said. Phase two of construction also includes the installation of a new 1000-ton chiller and geothermal wells in and around Science Building 2. “Installation of a new 1000-ton chiller in the sub-basement of Science Building 2 and new wells to the south of SB2 began this February,” said Hannah Fischer, a Facilities and Planning

representative. “This will be PSU’s largest and most energy-efficient chiller, completing the university’s energy saving upgrades from economic stimulus dollars.” Fujii claims that PSU may see more development in this part of campus in the coming years. “This end of campus is projected to grow significantly as the campus population grows in the future. Buildings will be able to connect to this utility loop and we will have the capability to serve new buildings using our most energy-efficient equipment,” Fujii said. Construction has not been completely worry-free for Fujii and the team at Fortis Construction. Last month, crews hit an unexpected buried gas line, causing an evacuation of Montgomery Court. “We usually are able to identify potential hazards ahead of time using utility locating services.” Unfortunately, this particular utility was not identified by these services, Fujii said. “Fortunately, no one was hurt and it impacted construction progress for just half a day.”

Mapping technology PSU now using Geographic Information System platform for research Joe Hannan Vanguard staff

New geographic information software will allow students and departments to gather spatial data more efficiently about things like land and population. Portland State has begun using the Economic and Social Research Institute’s ArcGIS Server. PSU already runs the ArcGIS software, which is a Geographic Information System that uses data development and management, spatial analysis and modeling, and map design and production, according to the PSU Web site. “GIS is a platform for learning. It can be used in any department and provides a new way of thinking and understanding because it not only allows us to analyze data in the context of location, but

also provides a wealth of tools that help students learn through modeling their knowledge. The implementation of the ArcGIS Server at PSU will give students and their professors a unique opportunity for cross-disciplinary research and study,” Toni Fisher, ESRI higher education manager, wrote on the ESRI Web site. The institute formed in 1969 and is a privately owned firm that deals with land-use analysis projects. In 1980 the firm began research into developing an application that could run on computers and would take information about the environment and turn it into a set of tools that could be used to analyze and retrieve data. This technology became the GIS technology that PSU, the military and other private and public entities use to format spatial information about the world. The implementation of an ArcGIS Server would mean that PSU would have greater access to information, which would be more readily available to students, faculty and staff.

One user at PSU is the Population Research Center located in the Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning in the College of Urban and Public Affairs. This center uses the ArcGIS programs and servers to work in partnership on a state and federal level to analyze and collect data. The GIS program also works to collect data for the Oregon State Data Center and for the Oregon Population Estimates Program. At the SDC, PSU helps collect data about the population for the U.S. Census Bureau, which provides information on the demographic, economic, social and spatial populations of the state. Through the ArcGIS server, PSU will be able to allow this information to be more easily obtained by public and state agencies. With the Oregon Population Estimates Program, the PRC creates annual population estimates for Oregon’s cities, counties and other demographics. Geographic information and spatial analysis for population research is said to be the “backbone”

of GIS research at the PRC. The GISAPR focuses its research on public health, crime prevention, market area analysis and water resource management.

Photo courtesy of Virginia Dept. of Forestry


A deeper look at benefits of legislation that gives more money to students Courtney Graham Vanguard staff

So far, this year has been a momentous one for students because of legislation passed at both the federal and state levels that increases student aid. With the passage of health care reform and with it the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act included in the federal Reconciliation Act, lawmakers can proceed in consideration of other student-related issues, including the DREAM Act and further financial regulation and lending reform.

SAFRA The Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act immersed in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, was passed on March 25. The bill, which had been stuck behind health care in the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee since it passed the House in September of 2009, was used to supply the major pieces of student aid reform that made it into the Reconciliation Act in March, according to Katie Markey, Associated Students of PSU interim legislative affairs director. All of its proposed changes amend the Higher Education Act of 1965, or U.S. Code 20, which further codifies the reforms. Through SAFRA, the Federal Pell Grant program—a federal aid program which provides grants to eligible low-income undergraduate [and some graduate] students to help with the cost of attendance— is expanded by $36 billion over the next ten years. $13.5 billion of this appropriation will be immediately disbursed for the fiscal year of 2011 to expand the program for students today—not years down the road— Markey said.

Adam Wickham/Portland State Vanguard

Virginia Vickery 503-725-5690

SCI Research Advancement is a foundation that promotes research to cure those afflicted by spinal cord injuries. According to its Web site, it consists of individuals that “have come together to fund a research team to bring spinal cord regeneration to humans as quickly as possible.” In order to raise funds, Marcus York, a recurring guest star on NBC’s “The Office,” and SCI Research Advancement are offering a free trip to Hollywood, Calif. By purchasing a $1 ticket, individuals will be entered into the contest. Winners will receive a trip valued at $4,000, as well as a visit to the set of “The Office.” To enter, visit and click on “Win a Trip to Hollywood.”

Benefits to PSU

More money: Because of recent legislation, many students will get more financial aid.

News Editor:

Help cure paralysis and win a trip to Hollywood

Markey also said that she expects a full $54.7 million to be disbursed to Oregon’s First Congressional District, meaning that students in the area will directly benefit from Pell Grant reform. The rest of Oregon will get roughly $325.2 million over the next ten years if today’s numbers of current recipients are used as an estimation. Students applying for aid under the Federal Application for Free Student Aid this spring, expecting assistance for the 2011–12 school year, will begin to see changes as early as July 1. These funds will both help to further guarantee the program, according to the legislation, and will annually increase the maximum grant award value authorized under the Pell Grant program. This means that in 2011, and in years beyond, the awards will first increase relative to the increases in the cost of living and consumer price indexes— acknowledging that the economic climate faced by students from year-to-year is dynamic. By the 2013–14 school year, a maximum grant of $5,550 will be made available to eligible students, a value that may even become higher, depending on how quickly the value of the grants increases between now and 2013. Further increases are authorized using this appropriation through the 2018–19 school year.

For PSU, these reforms mean that more students, who previously would have been deterred from going to college because of the prohibitive costs, will now choose to go. In many ways, this will directly correlate with higher enrollment numbers. The reforms will result in “better quality of campus life and a more diverse student body with more diverse backgrounds,” Markey said. But the charge will be gradual and not overtly noticeable. In this same vein, SAFRA also increases the funding for the College Access Challenge Grant Program, which, according to the Department of Education Web site, is meant to

Vanguard News | 3 April 8, 2010

Liana Shewey/Portland State Vanguard

“foster partnerships among federal, state, and local governments and philanthropic organizations through matching challenge grants that are aimed at increasing the number of low-income students who are prepared to enter and succeed in postsecondary education.” Programs authorized under the CACGP “focus on financial literacy” of students, according to Markey, and “are available to students in programs that emphasize awareness of personal finance to help increase enrollment and retention rates.” Further potential benefits to PSU include the investment of $2 billion over the next four years in community colleges around the U.S. The dual-enrollment program with Portland Community College gives many students, who otherwise would not have pursued a four-year undergraduate degree, the opportunity to do so. After attending PCC, many students choose to make the full transfer to PSU. If more students now begin to attend PCC— numbers are already at record highs at community colleges around the nation—then it follows that enrollment may also increase in the future at PSU. Perhaps most importantly, SAFRA puts an end to the Federal Family Education Loan program, through which the government guarantees private loans to students. This both expands direct federal lending and forces banks to, not only be more accountable for their lending, but to compete for contracts with students—a move which should reduce interest

rates at a time when students are struggling to find a loan with payments that won’t put them into bankruptcy. Monthly payments are also reduced to 10 percent of discretional income [rent, cost of living, etc.] from 15 percent, and the repayment period for all student borrowers drops from a 25 to 20-year debt forgiveness deadline, as long as one consistently makes all monthly payments.

DREAM act Also pending in Congress is the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act or DREAM Act, which would provide an estimated 100,000 undocumented students— who otherwise would not have been able to attend college—in Oregon and countless more around the country the opportunity to become citizens six years after they begin their degree at a U.S. university if they comply with certain other requirements. If students have been in the country since before the age of 16, graduated from a U.S. high school in good standing, and if they complete their post baccalaureate degree with no major additions to their personal criminal record, they are placed on the fast-track to citizenship, Markey said. This legislation is important, she added, because it “doesn’t seem fair—we’re here to benefit students.”

Proceeds will go towards research that will “benefit over a million paralyzed Americans and millions more worldwide,” York said. Human clinical trials will be conducted using non-embryonic stem cell material, according to York. According to SCI Research Advancements’ Web site, of the approximately $20 billion dollars spent each year on spinal cord injuries and related expenses, such as wheelchairs and medical supplies, less than $100 million goes towards “cure” research. —

Vanguard 4 | Arts & Culture April 8, 2010

Arts Editor: Theodora Karatzas 503-725-5694

Big, fat list of shows: Wednesday’s live music lineup Magnon, Masonic Weird (Formerly Auburn), In My Opinion, Strangeletter Ash St. Saloon, 9:30 p.m., $5, 21+ Blunt Mechanic, Lee Corey Oswald, And I Was Like What Berbati’s Pan, 9 p.m., 21+ Captured! By Robots, Metal Shakespeare Company, Thor Ark Dante’s, 9 p.m., $10, 21+ Retribution Gospel Choir, Kinski Doug Fir, 9 p.m., $10, 21+ Tiger House, Pocketknife, Thuggage, Pep Assembly Dunes, 9 p.m., Free, 21+ Gratitillium, Ocean Age, Yeah Great Fine, Like A Villain Ella St. Social Club, 9 p.m., $5, 21+ Eat Yr Heart Out Culinary Festival w/ St. Frankie Lee and Wampire Holocene, 9 p.m., $3, 21+ The Church Mississippi Studios, 8 p.m., $40, 21+ Josh Martinez, Pale Soul, Brothers Keeper, Bad Habitat, Alphabet Stew, Myg, Selectah Jiggy Ragga Mt. Tabor Theater, 8 p.m., $10, 21+ The River Empires, Sewblue The Parlour, 7 p.m., $6, all ages Granada, Mama Sunshine, Marca Luna Tonic Lounger, 9 p.m., Free, 21+ On the Stairs, Ezza Rose, Audie Darling The Woods, 9 p.m., $5, 21+


Food for the soul and the body Eat Yr Heart Out brings together two of Portland's favorite pastimes Scott Ostlund Vanguard staff

It is no secret that the Portland community is a hub for good music and tasty food. With that in mind, Holocene is hosting an event that combines the Portland indie scene with delectable food. Local bands Wampire and St. Frankie Lee will be playing alongside tantalizing activities like cooking competitions, a local cooking series video screening and new recipes. A highlight of tonight’s show will be a screening of Brennan Novak’s local food series Cooking with... In this show, Novak shot different bands cooking their favorite meals, while introducing the audience to their music as well. Novak produced his first video in the series last summer with Potlach Presents and has continued to produce the quirky series, with two new episodes airing this Thursday at Holocene. “I’m really excited to see kind of how all the other things come together at this event,” Novak said. “I’ve never been to a music show where there’s...eating contests and random stuff like that...sort of reminds me of a renaissance fair.” Novak has always had an interest in cooking, partially due to the influence of his father who had a knack at finding new and interesting recipes. Novak’s connection between music and food has also been escalated by his experience playing music with bands like St. Frankie Lee, who will be performing at the Thursday event. St. Frankie Lee, who is currently searching for a bass player after a lineup change, is made up of

Derrick Martin, Chelsea Campbell, Todd Liljegren, Cali Milena and Kay Sims. The band formed two years ago and has played one show at Holocone previous to this. “We love Holocene in general and [booker] Gina [Altamura] in particular for setting up not only this show, but also the first show we played at Holocene last summer,” Martin said. Sharing the stage with St. Frankie Lee is Wampire. The trio of Rocky Tinder, Eric Phipps and Cyrus Lampton has an electronic feel that fits Holocene’s reputation as a fun and interactive venue. The band is used to the Holocene stage, having graced it several times before. “We’ve played at Holocene four times and it gets better every time,” Tinder said. “The thing that I like about Holocene is that they really care about the music and putting on a good show. The booking is the best in town, the staff is hospitable, the bathrooms are clean, the sound system rules and they’re open to doing adventurous events like this food show.” It is this adventurous attitude that will make tonight’s food and music event a can’t-miss activity. For $3, attendees will get a night of multifaceted enjoyment that exemplifies the kind of total community involvement which brings so much entertainment to this city.

All photos courtesy of Potlatch Presents

Cooking with: They're no Iron Chefs but these bands are cooking up some tasty dishes.

Eat Yr Heart Out Holocene 1001 SE Morrison St. Tonight $3 21+


and murder

Portland State students put on subversive theater this weekend Bianca Blankenship Vanguard staff

A playwright and convicted felon, French dramatist Jean Genet had a knack for making heads turn with his sinister depictions of society. His play The Maids is no exception, and Portland State University’s Theater Department is bringing the translated version to the stage for two nights. The show is part of a thesis requirement for graduate students Mark Hayes and Kevin Crowe.

Hayes directed the show and Crowe designed the lighting. Another student in the theater department, Katelyn Redinger, ran prop design for the show. Like Genet’s other plays, The Maids is subversive and absurd. Two sisters, Solange and Claire, work as servants for a wealthy Madame and have developed an obsessive love-hate relationship with her. While the Madame is away from the house, they role-play her authoritarian position. The role-playing becomes a game of victimization and violence, even leading to thoughts of murder. The Maids, which opened in 1947, was Genet’s first play. He based it loosely on a true story in which two maids, sisters Christine and

Lea Papin, brutally murdered their wealthy employer and her daughter in 1933. It was an important piece in expanding public interest in theater of the absurd. In Solange and Claire’s fantasy world, sadomasochism and authority positions play a significant role. The same intense love and hate that they feel for their mistress is felt for each other as well. As sisters and servants who work together, their identities become entangled as they engage in games of servitude and dominance. Since its premiere, The Maids has been staged regularly in France and the United States. It was also adapted as a film in 1974. The production at PSU is being produced by Samuel French Inc. and will be running tonight and tomorrow night.

Photo courtesy of PSU Theater Department

The Maids New Studio Theater 1600 SW Fourth Ave., Suite 110 Fri and Sat, 8 p.m. $5 students, $7 general

Vanguard Arts & Culture | 5 April 8, 2010

Transience and poetry On the Stairs release a new album tonight at the Woods Leah Bodenhamer Vanguard staff

Nate Clark is a quiet and humble man, profound in his dedication to both Americana roots and the forgotten art of poeticism. Founder of On the Stairs, he can be found on Easter mornings across the street from Powell’s bookstore for a breakfast of pizza. On such a gently muted Sunday morning, the lucidity of creativity is amplified. His method of composition is like a premeditated formula with the sum of a great song. “Music is an extension of yourself, your personality, but at the same time you need to understand what is best for the song,” Clark said, “You submit yourself to the song, take yourself out of the picture in order to create something bigger than yourself, which is the song in and of itself.”  As Michelangelo claimed only to be freeing sculptures from stone, Clark seems to be using his musical talents to free songs from the silence. Interestingly enough, he describes his song structure, at least for this particular album, as something an architect might create with drafts, pencils and right angles. Upon witnessing his newly released album, Beyond a Shadow of a Doubt, it’s easy to hear his honesty and lack of pretension. On what looks like recycled cardboard, the CD case is stamped with a simple white line drawing of two people on the front and only the essential transcriptions. Gratitude can be paid to Sarah Goodchild Robb for the artwork. A lover of classic songwriters like Johnny Cash, Kris Kristofferson and Bob Dylan, Clark reveals their influence on him by way of his Leonard Cohen-esque voice and

indefatigability for lyric. His musical focus seems to be set on his lyrics rather than the instrumentation, as that is what his listeners most notice and connect with. One of the verses of “The Black Monk” use lyrical, straightforward imagery when he croons “not for pleasure or gold, nor for secrets untold, nor for beauty does his coming portend. Strange silence, cold peace, crazy laughter, warm grief. These are the things he’ll defend.”

Though his music is reminiscent of artists from the ’60s and ’70s, his contemporary style might be mistaken for electronic—the softbrushed percussion throughout the album, the synth-like strings on “King” and the horns on songs like “Isn’t is Funny?” or “Chosen.” All of this was done with actual instruments and a touch of creativity in the recording studio, like the re-recording of a violin track eight times.

Photo courtesy of On The Stairs

Nate Clark: Founder and primary member of On the Stairs.

Perhaps Clark’s honest style comes from a childhood of transience. He was born in Illinois, spent some years of his childhood in the Philippines and found music in Houston, Texas. He stumbled upon his dad’s Time Life music collection of 50s pop and later rode the waves of the commercially exploited music of bands like Green Day, The Offspring and Nirvana. He moved to Portland in 2006 only to have his gear stolen multiple times, most recently two weeks ago while visiting the very man that instigated Clark’s interest in music. On the Stairs is interchangeable concerning its band members. Clark is the constant in a swirl of friends and musicians picking up percussion, strings, horns and organs. Audie Darling, one of the opening acts tonight, appears multiple times on his album as tenderized female backup vocals. The name On the Stairs captures an idea Clark believes in which is concerned with that sort of apprehensive stage between destinations. Like his band and his childhood, Clark is anything but stagnant, and perhaps his understanding of the insignificance in destinations contributes to his honest and intimate style. Tonight’s album release show will be played very similarly to the heavy arrangement of the record. Along with folksy artist Audie Darling, banjo-plucking Ezza Rose will also be joining the lineup for an evening of Americana soul.

This day in history: April 8 1730: First Jewish congregation in U.S. forms synagogue, “Shearith Israel, NYC” 1781: Premiere of Mozart’s violin sonata K379 1832: Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro 1862: John D. Lynde patents aerosol dispenser 1866: Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary 1869: American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC) 1985: India files suit against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster 1986: Clint Eastwood elected mayor of Carmel, Calif. 1989: Entertainment Tonight’s Mary Hart marries producer Burt Sugarman 1990: Twin Peaks with Peggy Lipton premieres on ABC-TV 1991: Michael Landon announces he has inoperable cancer of the pancreas 1994: Smoking is banned in the Pentagon and all U.S. military bases 1995: Oliver McCall beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 1996: Bruce Seldon TKOs Tony Tucker in 7 to win vacated WBA boxing title 1997: Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0

On the Stairs

1999: Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.

The Woods 6637 Milwaukie Ave Tonight, 9 p.m. $5, 21+

2000: Nineteen Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Ariz. 2004: Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups

Photo courtesy of Notorious Kelly

Audie Darling: Opening for On the Stairs this evening at the Woods.

2004: U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice testifies before the 9/11 Commission 2006: Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang 2008: The construction of the world’s first building to integrate wind turbines completes, in Bahrain Funeral home fixer-upper: The Woods provides a quirky, elegant space for musicians to perform in southeast Portland.

Photo courtesy of The Woods


Vanguard 6 | Sports January April14, 8, 2010


Sports Editor:

Vikings finish


Robert Britt 503-725-4538

Portland State 2009–10 golf season results

Women's golf takes fifth at Cowgirl Classic, Yada nabs second place

Golfweek Conference Challenge Primm, Nev. Portland State, 952 (328–317–307) 18th out of 18 Kalyn Dodge, 233 Stephanie Johns, 239 Justine Hix, 241 Danielle Ranallo, 247 Britney Yada, 247 Washington State Inland Cup Pullman, Wash. Portland State, 963 (320–319–324) 9th out of 13 Aubrey Vaughn, 242 Britney Yada, 242 Danielle Ranallo, 242 Kalyn Dodge, 243 Justine Hix, 248 Alexia Brown, 250 (Individual) Heather Farr/ Colorado Memorial Inv. Erie, Colo. Portland State, 936 (301–317–318) t11th out of 20 Tiffany Schoning, Britney Yada, Danielle Ranallo, Alexia Brown, Justine Hix,

235 236 238 238 239

Price's Give 'Em Five Intercollegiate Las Cruces, N.M. Portland State, 933 (311–309–313) 17th out of 18 Britney Yada, Tiffany Schoning, Kalyn Dodge, Danielle Ranallo, Alexia Brown,

228 237 237 238 239

Fresno State Lexus Classic Fresno, Calif. Portland State, 917 (310–300–307) 9th out of 14 Britney Yada. Alexia Brown, Danielle Ranallo, Tiffany Schoning, Kalyn Dodge,

220 229 233 236 242

UNLV Spring Inv. Las Vegas, Nev. Portland State, 917 (294–310–313) 13th out of 18 Britney Yada, Kalyn Dodge, Tiffany Schoning, Alexia Brown,

226 229 230 232

Anteater Inv. Santa Margarita, Calif. Portland State, 943 (316–318–309) 12th out of 15 Britney Yada, Stephanie Johns, Tiffany Schoning, Danielle Ranallo, Corrine Gilbertson,

223 228 239 253 267

Wyoming Cowgirl Inv. Chandler, Ariz. Portland State, 902 (295–304–303) 5th out of 23 Britney Yada, 218 Stephanie Johns, 222 Tiffany Schoning, 230 Kalyn Dodge, 232 Alexia Brown, 241

Tanya Shiffer Vanguard staff

young gun Freshman pitcher Anna Bertrand sets a new level of dominance at PSU James MacKenzie Vanguard staff

On March 27, the Portland State softball team put a scare into No. 1-in-the-nation Washington, as the Huskies squeezed out a narrow 3–2 victory over the Vikings. Despite the loss, it was a moral victory for the Vikings to hang around with one of the nation’s toughest teams and in the middle of that victory was freshman pitching phenomenon Anna Bertrand. Against a Huskies lineup that has cumulatively posted a team On-base Plus Slugging percentage of .928, along with featuring three hitters with seven or more home runs already in 2010, Bertrand held Washington to nine hits over seven innings while striking out eight and allowing only three runs, two of them earned.   To quiet the Huskies lineup in such a way is an impressive feat for any pitcher, with Bertrand’s performance being one of only five times that Washington has been held to three runs or less this season. To do it as a freshman in only her 17th collegiate appearance and 12th PSU start speaks loudly of her meteoric rise to the top tier of Pacific Coast Softball Conference pitchers.    To Bertrand, the Huskies were just another team, indistinguishable except for the colors on their jerseys.  “It doesn’t matter who they are and it doesn’t matter where they play. Everyone can strikeout and everyone can ground out,” Bertrand said. “Everyone’s just a player. They all have their weaknesses and you just have to find them.” Bertrand arrived at Portland State owning an 87–16 record in a high school career that saw her strike out 1,194 batters in 724 innings at McMinnville High School. No stranger to pressure, Bertrand helped the Grizzlies to three straight Pacific League titles, including trips to the state playoffs in each of her four years. She was quickly acclimated to the pressure of collegiate softball, her first appearance occurring in a 2–0 save situation against Ohio in the first game of the season.  

Any debut jitters were conspicuously absent as Bertrand struck out the side, garnering Portland State its first save in over a year and, more importantly, the Vikings’ first win of the season. According to head coach Tobin Echo-Hawk, it is Bertrand’s cool demeanor under pressure that’s helped her succeed so quickly at Portland State.     “Her ability to maintain her composure on the mound regardless of who she’s facing, whatever happens throughout the game—whether she gives up hits or walks—she’s the same pitcher no matter what. You wouldn’t know whether the game is going in her favor or not just because she’s so good at controlling things,” Echo-Hawk said.    Bertrand’s control and confidence has helped to put her into the upper echelon of pitchers in the PCSC. Heading into league play this weekend, Bertrand finds herself at or near the top of nearly every statistical category in the PCSC. Most impressive is that in some of the categories, the lead isn’t even close. Bertrand leads the league in strikeouts with 103 in 85 1/3 innings, while her closest competition sits at 78 in 102 innings.  Striking out 8.45 batters per seven innings, Bertrand attributes much of her success to an array of pitches, which include a rise-ball, curve, screwball and an absolutely devastating changeup. With a near 20 mph difference between her fastest and slowest pitch, it’s nearly impossible for hitters to become comfortable at the plate against Bertrand.   “My pitching coach always emphasized the changeup because it’s really important to keep the hitters off balance. The more you’re able to have an off-speed [pitch] the more successful you’re going to be, because the hitters start thinking,” she said.  Bertrand’s seamless transition from high school to college softball is in part due to the wealth of pitching experience already in the Vikings’ rotation. With mentors like junior Nichole Latham, last year’s PCSC Pitcher of the Year, and senior Tori Rogers, whose first Viking appearance was a nohitter, Bertrand has had a wealth of pitching knowledge to ease the transition into college ball.  

“I give a lot of credit to Tori and Nichole to mentor her through the whole process of what it’s like to be a pitcher, and having your ups and having your downs and dealing with different pressure situations,” Echo-Hawk said. Coming into Portland State, Bertrand herself didn’t expect that she would have such success so quickly.   “I definitely wasn’t expecting it. It’s just kind of how things went this year. Things can go any which way and luckily they’ve gone a good way for me so far,” Bertrand said.   Her coach, however, isn’t surprised.   “She’s one of the best I’ve ever seen and have had the opportunity to coach," Echo-Hawk said. "She’s consistent and she’s going to keep getting better because she sets high expectations for herself and works hard. It’s going to be exciting to see what she does in the future.”  

All photos by Robert Britt/Portland State Vanguard

Freshman phenom: Anna Bertrand can bring the heat or use a breaking ball to strike out batters.

In a spectacular finish to the regular season, Portland State freshman Britney Yada placed second out of 120 golfers at the University of Wyoming Cowgirl Classic on Tuesday. Yada finished the event two over par with 218 strokes (72–73–73), two shots above Northern Arizona freshman Stephanie Kim, who finished with an even par of 216 to win the classic. This was a personal best for Yada and is the third-best 54-hole score ever by a Viking. She finished the season as the scoring leader in six out of eight events with a scoring average of 76.67. The Vikings shot 902 (295– 304–303) to place fifth out of 23 schools—their best finish this season and second-best in school history. The best 54-hole team score on record was set at the 2004 Big Sky Conference Championship with a score of 886. The best individual score of 213 was set by Sarah Tiller in 2004 at the Bronco Fall Invitational. This was the first event of the season where the Vikings competed with their top players.  Injuries and other issues prevented the team from playing with their five best, but head coach Kathleen Takaishi believes strongly in the effort of her entire team. “These five are playing their best right now,” Takaishi said. “Having Stephanie Johns back in the lineup has definitely helped, but the other four members of our team got us to this point by stepping up and pushing themselves when they were needed.” PSU ended its regular season 15–4 in head-to-head scoring against Big Sky Conference schools. The team’s performance for the season was not as consistent as they had hoped when it started, but they ended with a bang. “We got off to a little bit of a slow start but we’re definitely all playing well now,” Takaishi said. “It’s all about timing and I think we’re in a good place to compete for the Big Sky Championship in a couple of weeks.” The University of Texas-El Paso won t\Tuesday's event with 883 strokes, 14 below Colorado State and Northern Arizona who ended the tournament tied for second. The University of Nevada beat the Vikings by only one stroke to finish fourth.  Senior Stephanie Johns had a top-10 finish in a tie for ninth place with 222 (74–74–74), her personal best as a Viking. Sophomore Tiffany Schoning matched her own personal best at Portland State and finished tied for 29th with 230 (72– 80–78). Junior Kalyn Dodge tied for 35th with 232 (77–77–78) and junior Alexia Brown tied for 70th with 241 (79–81­–81). The Wyoming Cowgirl Classic was played at the Ocotillo Golf Resort in Chandler, Ariz., also the setting for the Big Sky Conference Championship on April 19–21.


The New York Times Syndication Sales Corporation 500 Seventh Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10018 For Information Call: 1-800-972-3550 For Release Thursday, April 08, 2010

Edited by Will Shortz Across 1 Proceed without notes, say 6 How kids grow up, itʼs often said 13 Soviet space dog 14 *One who dislikes unruly hair? 15 Spy satelliteʼs acquisition 16 Bygone emporium 17 ___ position 18 Housewares brand 19 Felipe Calderónʼs land: Abbr. 20 Night class subj. 21 *Alternative way to get directions? 26 Heroic verse 28 Artistʼs portfolio 32 “Molly ___,” popular Irish song

34 *Better, in hiphop slang? 35 Spanish waves 36 Church perch 37 “___ in London” (jazz album) 38 *Kitchen or living room? 41 Like XX vis-à-vis X, sizewise 43 “American Beauty” setting 44 Canadian station sign 45 *Via Veneto? 47 Villainous member of the Serpent Society, in Marvel Comics 50 39-Down vote 53 FedEx rival

54 Half of a 1980s sitcom duo 56 Footballʼs Adam Vinatieri, e.g.





















60 Sewers have them 61 *Be funnier than comedian Bill? 62 Pick 63 2003 hip-hop hit by Fabolous 64 Pharmacy units Down 1 Subtitle of many biographies 2 The majority of Jutlanders 3 Maryʼs charge

4 Retail giant founded by a 17year-old 5 Swell 6 Song sung by an orphan 7 Expose, poetically 8 Sounds of surprise 9 Stout 10 ___ smasher 11 Very dry 12 “The Lost World” menace











21 26



23 Chip, maybe 24 Amaze

25 Piccolo players, e.g.
















Vanguard Special sections come out all year long!



36 39






44 45













53 57







29 Masked men with blades


51 Nebraska senator succeeded by Hagel 52 Datebook entry: Abbr. 55 “Fiesque” composer 57 I love, to Livy 58 Scotlandʼs Firth of ___ 59 Greek character

For answers, call 1-900-285-5656, $1.49 a minute; or, with a credit card, 1-800-814-5554. Annual subscriptions are available for the best of Sunday crosswords from the last 50 years: 1-888-7-ACROSS. AT&T users: Text NYTX to 386 to download puzzles, or visit for more information. Online subscriptions: Todayʼs puzzle and more than 2,000 past puzzles, ($39.95 a year). Share tips: Crosswords for young solvers:


S 2009UIDGEueidxe and

36 Devotional bench 39 Voting 50-Across 40 1972 treaty subj. 41 Judgeʼs cry 42 Red-faced 46 Pilotʼs abbr. 48 “___ when?” 49 Gadflies, e.g. 50 Hairy Himalayan

“Health Policy and National Health Care Reform” Noon Smith Memorial Student Union, room 338 Dr. Jeffrey Levi will present on the topic of public health in a reforming health care system as part of the Public Health Week speaker series



Puzzle by David J. Kahn

27 Affected one




30 Big blow? 31 Alpha, beta or gamma 32 Eponymous 14 Answer to each scale developer of the six starred 33 Diamond family clues, literally name 16 Play-___ 22 Literary



No. 0304

Vanguard Etc. | 7 April 8, 2010





Next up:

Green Guide

Impact Entrepreneurs: Leadership for an evolving world— Accelerating the (r)Evolution of Business 1 p.m. Academic and Student Recreation Center, room 660 Discussion organized by the Impact Entrepreneurs as part of the Social Sustainability Colloquium In Search of Liliuokalani: Notes toward a biography of the last queen of the Independent Kingdom of Hawaii 7 p.m. SMSU, room 236 Free presentation by author Elinor Langer who will discuss her work-in progress: In Search of Liliuokalani

Saturday Student Film: They Threw Like Girls 7:10 p.m. Fifth Avenue Cinema, 510 SW Hall St. Come out and support local student filmmakers at this free movie showing!

KenKen® is a registered trademark of Nextoy, LLC. ©2010 KenKen Puzzle LLC. All rights reserved. Dist. by UFS, Inc.

● Each row and each column

must contain the numbers 1 through 4 (easy) or 1 through 6 (challenging) without repeating.

● The numbers within the heavily outlined boxes, called cages, must combine using the given

operation (in any order) to produce the target numbers in the top-left corners.

● Freebies: Fill in single-box cages with the number in the top-left corner.

The Maids 8 p.m. New Studio Theater, Market Center Building A production of Jean Genet’s play, described as a “psychological drama” full of “illusion, deception and murder.” Only $5 for students and $7 for nonstudents!



Wanted EDITORS FOR NEXT SCHOOL YEAR Photo Editor News Editor Arts and Culture Editor Opinion Editor

Sports Editor Production Manager Online Editor Copy Chief Advertising Manager


MFA Monday Night Lecture Series: Stephanie Syjuco 7:30 p.m. Shattuck Hall Annex Stephanie Syjuco, an artist from San Francisco, is giving a lecture on her work. Stephanie’s artwork is described as mixing the familiar consumer world with imagined or future worlds. Don’t miss this free event!

To place an event: Contact vgcalendar@ or pick up a calendar request form at the Vanguard advertising office, Smith Memorial Student Union, room 115.


More than

Playing tomorrow at the NW Film Center


The Lady and the Duke Éric Rohmer, France, 2001

Photo courtesy of snowflake5/stockxchg

Going back to the classics of polenta has never tasted so good Katherine Vetrano Vanguard staff

When you ask a checker at the grocery store to lead you to the polenta and you are brought to a thick, premade log, just say no. There is a cheaper way to make this grain, and the taste is much more rewarding than the thick gummy texture often found in the already-made form. Simply go to the bulk section in any supermarket and purchase yellow polenta—any grain size will do. A nice big pot of polenta gives you a week of potential meals. Polenta often pairs well with rich meat sauces, as well as served plain with creamy cheeses like goat or mascarpone. The following recipes are just as easy to prepare as pasta or hot breakfast cereal, but will bring a warm, embracing feeling to your kitchen.

Polenta with drunken portobello sauce This rich sauce is so flavorful, you’d swear there was meat in it. The sauce will stay good in your fridge for up to a week and is a great topping for pizza, pasta or a savory breakfast as well as this polenta dish.

Ingredients 1 can of crushed tomatoes, preferably San Marzano 2 tablespoons of tomato paste* 3 to 4 medium portobello mushrooms, or 2 large 2 handfuls of baby carrots 1 onion 3 garlic cloves ½ cup of chicken or vegetable broth, low sodium ½ cup of medium-bodied red wine, such as cabernet sauvignon olive oil herbes de Provence salt pepper

Ingredients 1 cup of medium-grain yellow polenta (or cornmeal) 4 cups of water salt butter

Method Photos courtesy of Katharine/My table to yours

Bring water and salt to a boil and whisk in the polenta. Stir for a minute or so until the mixture becomes thick, then turn the heat to low and let simmer. Let the mixture cook for around thirty minutes, stirring occasionally. Add butter if desired.

Sweet morning polenta ½ cup of leftover polenta ¼ cup of soy, almond or skim milk 1 handful of dried fruit (cherries are especially good)


Polenta: Make it from scratch or buy it in the store premade.

Vanguard Arts & Culture | 8 April 8, 2010

Add the dried fruit to the leftover polenta. Reheat in the microwave for a minute or two. Splash with milk of your choice and enjoy your hot breakfast. Serves 1

Method Prepare your ingredients. Chop carrots, onion and mushrooms. Mince the garlic cloves. Heat a large saucepan on medium high and add a glug of olive oil. Add the onions and garlic and stir for a few minutes until softened. Add the carrots and stir those until soft. Add mushrooms, salt, pepper and herbes de Provence and stir, letting the mushrooms release some of their moisture. Empty the can of tomatoes into the saucepan. Stir and then walk away for around eight minutes, letting the flavors mix together. Add the wine and chicken/ vegetable broth and bring the mixture to a high heat, scraping up any browned bits from the bottom of the pan. Let the mixture cook at medium heat for around fifteen minutes. Add tomato paste and let cook for another ten minutes at low, until the sauce is to the consistency of your liking. Serves 4 with leftovers *It’s best to buy tomato paste in a tube, (often found in the canned tomato aisle) so that you always have it on hand and you don’t waste an entire can for a few tablespoons.

"Unhappy with both historical novels about the French Revolution and the films made from those novels, Rohmer decided to employ two distinct strategies: He used a first-hand account of events, which in his mind was far more "truthful" than any historian's; and, more audaciously, he avoided shooting in external settings, employing digital imaging throughout the film to recreate the city and period in exactitude. As he explained, "The face of Paris has changed so drastically that there is not one line of sight left from revolutionary times." Grace Elliott was a young Scottish aristocrat who found herself stuck in Paris during the Revolution. The film depicts the subtle relationship between Grace and Philippe "Egalite," Duke of Orleans and cousin of Louis XVI, King of France. Once lovers, the two of them still share a complex and ambiguous friendship which is rendered all the more difficult by the stress of the events that begin to swirl around them. As in all his work, loaded conversation (and what it reveals and disguises about the characters) takes the central position in the film. Rohmer effortlessly engages us in the nuances of Grace and the duke's conversation, while leading us towards the different fates that await those caught in the historic swirl." Friday, 7:45 p.m. All screenings are in Whitsell Auditorium, 1218 SW Park Ave. Free with PSU student ID. —

Daily Vanguard April 8, 2010  

Daily Vanguard April 8, 2010

Daily Vanguard April 8, 2010  

Daily Vanguard April 8, 2010