Page 1

The Student Voice of California State University, Fullerton

Monday February 12, 2018

Academic Senate makes revisions to general education policy statements at Thursday meeting. News


Dreamers’ lives hang in the balance as the Senate squabbles over the DACA decision. Opinion

Volume 103 Issue 7

Cal State Fullerton softball starts season strong with an impressive showcase in the Titan Classic.


Sports 10

Titans secure crucial Big West wins Emissions remain a campus concern

CSUF must reduce emissions in two years to reach set climate goal. CAITLIN BARTUSICK Asst. Copy Editor


Khalil Ahmad (14, pictured above) strung together two outstanding performances for the Titans. After combining for 13 points in his three prior games, the junior guard scored 22 points against Cal Poly and 31 points against UC Davis. He shot 50 percent from the three-point line over the two-game stretch.

Cal State Fullerton men’s basketball picks up two victories led by the superb play of guard Khalil Ahmad. JARED EPREM Sports Editor

Cal State Fullerton men’s basketball delivered two victories last week with the help of guard Khalil Ahmad. His 22 points against Cal Poly paved the way for the 75-59 win at Titan Gym, and his 31 points against UC Davis helped the Titans inch out a 68-66 win. These games complete season sweeps against both opponents, but the team relished

its victory over Davis a little more. “It means a lot, especially considering how we lost to them in the tournament last year,” Ahmad told Cal State Fullerton Sports Media. Cal Poly closed the gap to 2 points after CSUF created an 18-point lead, but the Titans responded with a 24-10 run to end the game. “We challenged this group to come out, compete, play hard and play together, and I thought we did that right from the start. Had a little rough patch there in the second half but they fought through adversity and gave ourselves a chance to win,” said Titans Head Coach Dedrique Taylor. Taylor switched up the starting lineup against Cal Poly, moving Ahmad and

guard Kyle Allman to the bench as punishment for a team violation, while Jamal Smith and Dwight Ramos received the start. The change sparked a sensational first half for the Titans. The team addressed all of last game’s woes, forcing four turnovers, dishing out nine assists and grabbing 17 rebounds. Taylor was not surprised by his team’s comeback. “They know what to do and they know how to do it. It’s just a matter of whether or not they’re going to do it and do it consistently. Those are all things that our ball club is accustomed to doing, and when we do those things, I think we’re pretty good,” Taylor said. SEE VICTORY


There are only two years left to reach climate targets set in California by a 2005 executive order from former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger. At Cal State Fullerton, sustainability remains an issue that needs definitive strategies and solutions according to experts on campus. Executive Order S-3-05 established large reduction targets for greenhouse gas emissions in the state. Its explicit 2020 goal is to reduce emissions back to levels seen in 1990, and achieve an 80 percent reduction by 2050. In 2014, the Cal State University system adopted a sustainability policy committing itself to an 80 percent decrease by 2040. Between 1990 and 2008, CSUF saw only a 1,622 metric ton increase in its emitted carbon dioxide, according to a 2008 Climate Action Plan presentation. “(The low carbon increase is happening) even with an increase in square footage and population, which means that our overall energy usage per square foot and per person is going down,” said Megan Moscol, Sustainability Programs manager. SEE CARBON


Climbers clamber up glowing rock wall Titan Recreation’s Neon Night welcomed students of all skill levels. BRIAN ALVARADO Asst. Lifestyle Editor

Radiantly charged by two black lights, the rock wall illuminated the Student Recreation Center on Thursday for Neon Night, awaiting climbers to conquer its courses and scale the glowing wall. Some of the wall’s rocks were naturally lit from the black light, while the Associated Students, Inc. added bright pink, yellow and blue tape to add more luminance to others. Each route was color-coordinated, and paths ranged in difficulty. The 1,100-square-foot wall features eight top rope stations and also includes a bouldering course for use without ropes or harnesses. That portion of the wall is only allowed for experienced climbers or those who take specific classes for bouldering through the recreation center. Chris Meza, who is part of the recreation center department of ASI, said the event is held once a semester and normally draws a crowd. “Rock climbing in general is a good workout. I recommend it to everybody. It’s fun, it’s a good time and it’s a good way to challenge yourself,” Meza said. SEE BOULDER



Connor Shubin (pictured above) has not attempted to scale the bouldering wall since the Student Recreation Center’s renovations. While he has been climbing for three years, this was his first time visiting the wall during Neon Night.



2 News



International students of multiple ethnicities from various countries across the globe attend Cal State Fullerton. CSUF International Student Association member Bora Arunav said that because some countries have populations larger than that of the U.S., there is an appeal to a more open job market.

International students see appeal in CSUF AMANDA CHACON Staff Writer

Some Cal State Fullerton international students arrived from populous countries like India to earn their degrees in a country with less competitive academics. “It’s less populated in the United States, so there are lots of opportunities here. There’s lots of vacant spots in which they can fill,” said Arunav Bora, a member of the International Student Association at CSUF.

Even when competition in a field is not a factor, some students must leave their country to pursue a certain profession. To earn her master’s degree in information systems and decision sciences Jinal Nehda moved from Mumbai, India to Fullerton . She said it would not be an option for her if she stayed in India, because she wasn’t aware of universities in India that offered the program. Nehda chose CSUF mainly for its prominence in academic programs. “The courses and the content that (Fullerton) teaches are really used in real-world applications,” Nehda said. Senior business major Kim Heng Nte from Cambodia chose

I would say that from my personal view, if you have some commitments, if you have some work, if you have some internships, then that is the stuff that really matters. At the end of the day, you’re going to make your home proud of that.

Students from other countries explain why they became Titans.

BORA ARUNAV International Student Association member CSUF because of its diversity. The university’s institutional research and analytical studies website shows over six different ethnic groups represented at the school. “I used to think that over here I was going to only see Caucasian people with no other races. When I am here, it is really eye-opening.

I see so many different people from all kinds of backgrounds. I really value the diversity here on campus,” Nte said. While academics and culture are common reasons for international students to move, the biggest struggle for many is the language barrier. Nte said the issue is mostly

about the ability to respond to their professors or peers, leaving many afraid of being called on in class and not knowing how to answer. Nte said he was advised to step out of his comfort zone and interact with students by engaging in leadership roles and joining clubs. While homesickness can be a problem for students, Bora encourages them to remember their purpose for coming to CSUF. “I would say that from my personal view, if you have some commitments, if you have some work, if you have some internships, then that is the stuff that really matters. At the end of the day, you’re going to make your home proud of that,” Bora said.

La Habra Life Center Editorial Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor News Editor News Editor News Assistant News Assistant Sports Editor Sports Editor Sports Assistant Sports Assistant Opinion Editor Opinion Editor Opinion Assistant Lifestyle Editor Lifestyle Assistant Multimedia Editor

Kyle Bender Sarah El-Mahmoud Amy Wells Brandon Pho Breanna Belken Jason Rochlin Yaresly Sanchez-Aguilera Jared Eprem Kathryne Padilla Torres Kaila Cruz Sophia Acevedo Briggetta Pierrot Lauren Diaz Hannah Miller Brian Alvarado Mia Agraviador

Copy Editor Copy Assistant Copy Assistant Layout Editor Layout Assistant Photo Editor Photo Editor Photo Assistant Social Media Editor Social Media Asst. Social Media Asst. Illustrator Illustrator Web Editor Webmaster Adviser

Advertising Director Of Advertising Asst. Director of Adv. Marketing & Events Sr. Graphic Designer Sr. Graphic Designer Sr. Account Executive Account Executive Account Executive Account Executive Student Accountant Adviser Distribution

Niko Elvambuena Logan Whitehead Thomas Dunne Andre Gomez Christopher Trinh Marissa Li Nicole Castillo Salvador Rivera Sandra Bayoud Therese Plaganas Michelle Kurland Paige Mauriello

Kristina Garcia Caitlin Bartusick Brandon Angel Tracy Hoang Tatiana Diaz Katie Albertson Gabe Gandara Jaime Cornejo Lissete Gonzalez Chelsea Hernandez Tameem Sahar Dalia Quiroz Anita Huor Harrison Faigen Ameya Vilas Desai Bonnie Stewart

Contact us: Editor-in-Chief (657) 278-5815 News Line (657) 278-4415 Sports Line (657) 278-3149 Advertising (657) 278-4411 Fax (657) 278-2702

FOR THE RECORD It is Daily Titan policy to correct factual errors printed in the publication. Corrections will be published on the subsequent issue after an error is discovered and will appear on page 2. Errors on the Opinion page will be corrected on that page. Corrections will also be made to the online version of the article. Please contact Editor-in-Chief Kyle Bender at (657) 278-5815 or at to report any errors.

© Copyright Daily Titan 2018 All Rights Reserved The Daily Titan is a student publication, printed every Monday through Thursday. The Daily Titan operates independently of Associated Students, Inc. College of Communications, CSUF administration and the CSU. The Daily Titan has functioned as a public forum since inception. Unless implied by the advertising party or otherwise stated, advertising in the Daily Titan is inserted by commercial activities or ventures identified in the advertisements themselves and not by the university. Such printing is not to be construed as written or implied sponsorship, endorsement or investigation of such commercial enterprises. The Daily Titan allocates one issue to each student for free. FOLLOW US ON TWITTER: @THEDAILYTITAN

Planning Your Pregnancy? Organic Family Planning? Morning-After Pill? Devices? Inserts?

It’s your Life. It’s your Choice. Know your Options! Find Solutions! Separate Myth from Facts!

Contact Us 562-691-9395 VISIT US AT: DAILYTITAN.COM

News 3 Academic Senate revises general education policies


University comes closer to compliance with Chancellor Timothy P. White’s executive orders. JASON ROCHLIN Asst. News Editor


A 2016 report by the American College Health Association says that the percentage of Cal State Fullerton students taking Adderall and other study drugs has decreased.

The Cal State Fullerton Academic Senate made strides toward bringing general education policies into compliance with Cal State University Chancellor Timothy P. White’s Executive Order 1100, revising two documents at Thursday’s meeting. The Academic Senate made changes to a university policy outlining general education unit requirements, academic standards, and exceptions to ensure the information it details matches changes mandated by the executive order. It was heavily debated, undergoing additional revisions throughout the meeting. The first motion to amend it further came from Brady Heiner, academic senator and associate professor of philosophy, who wanted to use language from a Chancellor’s Office FAQ to clarify that the “golden four” core competency requirements and necessary prerequisites be the minimum work necessary to take upper-division general education courses. The golden four lower GE requirements are oral communication (A.1), written communication (A.2), critical thinking (A.3) and mathematics or quantitative reasoning (B.4). “There are significant enrollment impacts in my college related to this minimum,” Heiner said. “So we should use the language directly from the Chancellor’s Office.” His motion was seconded by Nancy Fitch, academic senator, who said the school should make it as easy as possible for students to complete their degrees faster. “Why not let them take one of these GE classes when they have fewer than 60 units if they’ve met, at a minimum, the golden four,” Fitch said. The amendment ultimately passed 19

to 12. The second substantial change to the document at Thursday’s meeting was to list out the individual general education categories in the text and specify that the B.5 requirement, “Implications and Explorations of Mathematics and National Sciences,” must be fulfilled by a three unit upper-division course. While some senators did not agree with every change to general education requirements that the chancellor ordered, the revised document was unanimously approved and the Pollak Library Instruction Room was filled with applause. The last time revisions were made to the document was on July 6, 2016. Another document detailing policies regarding new and existing general education courses was given a clause requiring those classes that have not been offered within five years have their status removed by the Office of Academic Programs. The revisions were to be approved without discussion, but General Education Committee member Greg Childers asked to re-evaluate the policy to apply two minor changes in language. “These items do not pertain at all to Executive Order 1100, they’re just some outstanding issues,” Childers said about the mid-meeting adjustments. The statute of limitation update was approved soon after. “This actually is the end of a stage of a lot of work people did. We’ll continue to talk about GE down the road, but this is an incredible moment,” said Academic Senate Chair Stephen Stambough. General Education Committee Chair Brenda Bowser said the committee has “no time to rest” as they now have to focus on repositioning academic courses into new categories. “Right now I feel relieved because this was a big effort and we’ve achieved the major milestones of revising our policies,” Bowser said. She also recommended students watch for opportunities to participate in the general education requirement revision process coming later this year.

Fewer students are using study drugs TitanWell health educator says Adderall shouldn’t be the campus’ main concern. LAUREN DIAZ Staff Writer

To carry nonprescription study drugs like Adderall is a felony, but this hasn’t stopped students at Cal State Fullerton from using it as an aid for their all-nighters and cramming sessions. Adderall is a Schedule II controlled substance, meaning it has a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence. It’s used to speed up the brain and nervous system to treat conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression and obesity. It requires a doctor’s prescription and is meant to help increase the ability to focus, pay attention and control behavior. While CSUF students are taking these drugs, their numbers have been decreasing since 2014, according to a 2016 report from the American College Health Association. The biennial study randomly selects about a quarter of the 40,000 students on campus. These students are emailed confidential surveys, and about 1,100 surveys are completed and documented for data, said Laura Ross, a health educator at TitanWell. Only five percent of students reported using stimulants not prescribed to them, according to the 2016 study. This includes all stimulants, not just Adderall.

I’m more concerned that there’s coping skills that students need to learn about how to study, how to sleep better, how to be rested and how to study properly to remember things instead of just taking a pill.


“I think alcohol is definitely a bigger issue. Marijuana is a bigger issue. Cigarettes are a bigger issue. (Study drugs) are not rocking our world,” Ross said. Relying on Adderall to study may not give students the results they desire, Ross said. “I’m more concerned that there’s coping skills that students need to learn about how to sleep better, be rested and study properly to remember things instead of just taking a pill,” Ross said. CSUF policy, outlined in the presidential directives, prohibits the possession or sale of any illicit drug or narcotic, and students found to be in violation may be “warned, placed on university probation, suspended or dismissed from the university and/or expelled from the residence halls depending upon the seriousness of the violation.” The violating student may face prosecution if referred to the Orange County District Attorney, and could also see their financial aid affected, according to President’s Directive No. 1. Several students on campus who have experimented with the stimulant echoed Ross’ statement and believe poor time management is the cause of their use. Damien, now a senior business major, started taking Adderall in his second year out of curiosity and due to its availability. “It definitely helped, but it’s not a necessity,” Damien said. Tiffany, a third-year business major, still uses Adderall once every other week when she needs to write papers. “I think students would take it no matter how much homework they have. If other students who aren’t taking it are able to do the same amount of work and get good results, then they can do it too,” Tiffany said. Ross said students who are high when studying would probably need to be the same way when taking a test, in order to be successful. “Sometimes students let themselves get overloaded with work, because we have that as an option. We overload ourselves and then we say ‘Alright we’ll just take an Adderall,’” Damien said. “I don’t want to make it sound like school is easy, but it’s definitely doable without Adderall.”

FULLERTON: 215 N. Harbor Blv COSTA MESA (The LAB): 2930 Brid. LONG BEACH: 4608 E. 2nd St. stol St. BUFFALOEXCHANGE.COM •


4 News



In 2005, former California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger set climate targets to reduce emission levels by the year 2020 to levels seen in 1990. Cal State Fullerton adopted a sustainability policy committing itself to an 80-percent reduction of emissions by the year 2040.

Carbon: Campus reduces carbon footprint 1

In order to meet the executive order target by 2020, it is estimated that the university will need to reduce its emissions by over 11,000 metric tons, according to the 2008 report. “The recommendation to reach the 2040 goal is for everyone to move away from natural gas combustion on campus,” Moscol said. Since 2010, CSUF has been generating energy with a trigeneration plant, a 4.6 megawatt turbine that burns natural gas, making it a stationary emitter, Moscol said. “Now we are shifting back to essentially an all-electric plant

but powered with renewables,” Moscol said. CSUF breaks down its emissions into three categories: on-campus, purchased electricity and mobile transportation. Faculty and student commuting make up a majority of campus emissions, following behind that is purchased electricity and on-campus output. To reduce mobile emissions, Moscol encourages students to use electric vehicles and alternative transportation. CSUF Sustainability Programs plans to have 100 electric vehicle charging stations installed on campus by 2020. John Bock, professor of anthropology and director of the

Center for Sustainability, said students have an opportunity to make a big impact on the campus’ carbon footprint. “If we can come up with really good solutions, then it really needs to come from the student body to integrate our campus with mass transit or more bike options. To use cars less, that would be one of the biggest things we could do,” Bock said. The Center for Sustainability is primarily focused on educational outreach coordinated through campus events and student groups, Bock said. CSUF is a part of an ongoing statewide process to establish sustainability as a minor program. Moscol said that this semester,

If we can come up with really good solutions, then it really needs to come from the student body to integrate our campus with mass transit or more bike options.


MEGAN MOSCOL Sustainability Programs manager Facilities Operations and Management is focused on data collection, balancing campus energy use between solar and natural gas, and the installation of 12 more water bottle filling stations between now and the end of 2018. CSUF has already completed sustainability projects, including the installment of drought-resistant plants, a four megawatt solar

power system, multiple electric vehicle charging stations, water bottle refill stations, waste tracking technology and LED lights. Both Moscol and Bock said that students have a large influence on campus discourse and have the power to make sustainability a priority at CSUF. “The student voice is a loud voice, and that really needs to be heard,” Bock said.

Counselors Unlock

True Potential

Tony Morrow has one goal for the students of Fallbrook High School—graduate ready for what comes next. With his guidance, young scholars and families put their plans for the future into action.

Fallbrook High School, College and Career Counselor: Tony Morrow ’11, M.A.Ed. ’12

Programs available online and at


locations throughout Southern California

Azusa Pacific’s School of Education prepares graduates like Tony to see and cultivate the potential in every student. Qualified educators are needed as never before to help meet a growing shortage in California. Start your degree or credential in education, and become the next great teacher, counselor, or administrator who transforms lives.

Now enrolling for three start dates throughout the year. Apply by April 4 and join us this summer!

School of Education 21660

Lifestyle 5




The Student Recreation Center previously offered only one free session on its rock wall with subsequent visits costing climbers $25, but the fee is now included in student tuition fees. Beginners can take Climbing Fundamentals 101 to learn basic safety skills.

Boulder: Students scale walls at Neon Night 1

Connor Shubin, who has been rock climbing for three years, stopped by the event to get a climb in during his gap between classes. He said this particular wall is one of the best in the area. “To have this in our backyard is awesome. It’s a great allaround wall with so many different kinds of climbs,” Shubin said. Shubin’s friends introduced him to rock climbing, but he was originally skeptical because gym memberships for rock climbing can be expensive. Being able to

climb on campus gives him the opportunity to practice once or twice a week at no charge. The Factory Bouldering is a rock climbing gym in Orange that has rates starting at $59 a month for students and $570 for an annual membership. Rock City Climbing in Anaheim offers monthly memberships for $40 and charges to rent their equipment, such as harnesses, chalk and shoes. In contrast, the rock wall at the SRC is free students to use, as it’s included in their tuition. There are also four different classes offered that range from fundamentals to


advanced classes for experienced climbers. Neon Night also brought in those who were completely fresh to the rock climbing scene, potentially making it a new hobby for some. Freshman Brandon Watson stopped by the SRC to workout. He saw the event going on and decided to rock climb for the first time. He described his first climb as more mentally difficult than physically. “It was terrifying when it came to letting go. But while you’re going up, you get motivated to keep going up. Once you

It was terrifying when it came to letting go. But while you’re going up, you get motivated to keep going up.


BRANDON WATSON CSUF freshman get to the top and you have to grab the rope and not hold on to the wall, that’s when your heart sinks,” Watson said. He plans to continue practicing and eventually move on to more difficult paths on the 30-foot-high wall. The event not only gave

students a chance to partake in climbing in the dark, but it also helped shed a neon light on a hobby that many students like Shubin have grown attached to. “If you’re even thinking about rock climbing, go for it,” Shubin said. “If you give it a try, you’re not going to regret it.”


6 Lifestyle



Film leaves ‘Fifty Shades’ of disappointment E. L. James’ final installment should have stayed bound in a book. CODIE HAYS Staff Writer

“Fifty Shades Freed,” the last cinematic adaptation of the trilogy by E. L. James, finalizes the romance series with marriage and melodrama, but it’s no surprise that the source material outshines the film once again. In an effort to live up to the book series, the previous films, “Fifty Shades of Grey” (2015) and “Fifty Shades Darker” (2017) have put promiscuity, lust and love on the big screen unsuccessfully. While the books give a more detailed and developed story line that focuses more on the progressing romance and its complications, the movies tend to focus on the intimate affairs of Christian Grey (Jamie Dornan) and Anastasia Steele (Dakota Johnson). The third and final movie, “Fifty Shades Freed,” attempts to develop the couple’s relationship beyond their sexual activities, but the basic story cannot replace the passion conceived in the first two films. James Foley, who directed both “Fifty Shades Darker” and “Fifty Shades Freed” showed his new intentions by changing his focus. He tried to create a deeper and more suspenseful plot instead of relying on lust to maintain interest. The previous films established an expectation and investment in fiery romance, so to see otherwise was disappointing. This change in direction could have worked if done properly but its execution was unoriginal and sporadic. The couple gets married in the very beginning of the movie, and they are on their


While trying to navigate a new marriage, Anastasia Steele and Christian Grey face new challenges and battle Steele’s haunting past. With predictable plotlines and sporadic storytelling, ‘Fifty Shades Freed’ lacks passion and leaves questions unanswered.

honeymoon living a happy life until trouble at home forces them to return to Seattle. The typical marital arguments they have are not where the predictability lies. In the middle of the movie, a troubled character from the past stirs the pot with Steele and Grey, straining their relationship. The situation plays suspensefully but concludes quite anticlimactically. Aside from the plot holes and unoriginality, the two main characters have grown tremendously

throughout the series. In “Fifty Shades of Grey,” Steele was a submissive and naive character who happened to stumble upon the wildly-sexual, sophisticated Grey. In this movie, Steele and Grey switch roles. He creates a space for Steele to step out of her comfort zone and take the reins of the relationship. Her willingness to adapt in this new role adds growth to her reserved beginnings in the series. In the first film, Grey is

domineering and borderline abusive but in this movie he shows a softer, more “husband material” side as he tries to protect Steele from her past. The soundtrack kept the otherwise derivative film engaging. Throughout the whole movie the music was upbeat, pleasant and very modern. Without its catchy songs, the movie probably would have lost its viewers. The attention-grabbing music in the beginning of the movie did a great job setting the stage

in times where there was no dialogue and mostly scenic shots. The album includes artists such as Hailee Steinfeld, Sia, Ellie Goulding, Liam Payne and Rita Ora. “Fifty Shades Freed” could have used a more compelling story line and utilized its lustful potential to the fullest. Though the film franchise never lived up to the book trilogy, fans should stick to reading the well-written, imaginative books by E. L. James.

Violence & Awareness Prevention Day Join us in bringing awareness to the campus about being safe and secure - both personally and as a community. - Enjoy free popcorn (for the first 500 students) - Get your photo with a stuffed giant panda Homeland Security is generously providing a 10ft stuffed panda for their “See Something, Say Something” campaign.

Wednesday, February 14 9 am - 7 pm TITAN WALK

#titanstrong Sponsored by: University Police

With partnerships from WoMen’s and Adult Re-entry Center, Student Health & Counseling Center, ROTC, Title IX Office, Strategic Communications, Student Affairs and other community partners to bring awareness to the campus community about how to be safe and secure, personally and as a community.

Lifestyle 7




“Natural Wonders: An exhibition of fine art photography featuring flora, fauna and beautiful landscapes” was curated by a volunteer at the arboretum. This gallery was the first of its kind in the arboretum. The search for pictures to display started in 2017.

Nature exhibit highlights local artists BRIAN ALVARADO Asst. Lifestyle Editor

Captured moments of nature take the limelight at the Orange County Agricultural and Nikkei Heritage Museum. With a plethora of framed photos hanging on a vibrantly lit wall, “Natural Wonders: An exhibition of fine art photography featuring flora, fauna and beautiful landscapes” highlights photos of nature taken by 37 Orange County photographers in the Fullerton Arboretum. The showcase features work from local photography clubs and groups like the Huntington

Beach Art League and the Photographic Society of Orange County. Even though the museum opened on Feb. 2, over 270 still visitors walked through the gallery Saturday, acknowledging the different types of photography that range from long exposure photos of water, to detailed shots of animals and flowers. Frequent visitor of the Fullerton Arboretum Janice Osborne of Stanton heard about the exhibit through a message on Facebook. Her love for nature brought her to the museum to see for herself. “I love nature so much, be it the desert or the beach, or animals or plants. It’s very important to preserve all that for future generations. We can’t let it be destroyed,” Osborne said. The aesthetic aspect of the

exhibit brought in photographers. The gallery documents how the art form has transformed over the years and how artists have more control over what they can capture and how they can improve the final product. Janice Osborne’s husband John Osborne, a mechanical design engineer for Eaton Corporation, also accompanied her to the exhibit and took interest in the evolution of photography. “Photography has always captured life, even from the beginning. Now, it’s all digital. You could do a lot of things in the camera that you used to have to do in the darkroom,” John Osborne said. Robert Wallace, 55 and retired, has been shooting on and off for ten years. He came to the arboretum to take photos and decided to come into the museum

to stay updated on other photographers’ work in the area and which ones he should follow. Wallace said he is a fan of the hobby for the satisfaction that comes with shooting. He dislikes how technology has altered the process of how a photo is produced. “With all the phones out, of course, it’s changed significantly. It’s taken a lot away from the old cameras that we all like to use. Once you get a good picture of that, you earned it. You worked for it instead of just picking up a phone and doing whatever,” Wallace said. All of the photos featured in the gallery are up for sale until the exhibit closes on March 25. A photo of a bald eagle midflight at Dutch Harbor in Unalaska, Alaska was taken by Huntington Beach Art League’s

With all the phones out, of course, it’s changed significantly. It’s taken a lot away from the old cameras.

Work produced by Orange County photographers was featured at the arboretum.

ROBERT WALLACE Photographer Daniel Kee; one of a few photos priced at $200. The gallery also featured a photo by Kirk Pickler, who is a staff member in the art department at Cypress College. His photo of wildflowers in the Carrizo Plain was priced at $100. The exhibit, which is free of charge and open to the public, is open Wednesdays, Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays from noon to 4 p.m.

Follow US! /thedailytitan @thedailytitan @thedailytitan



8 Opinion


Drops in Super Bowl views affect ad quality Ad spots continue to increase in price while the benefits decline.


For one afternoon of the year, football fans have the freedom to turn up the volume of their televisions to an uncomfortable level and eat endless chips and dips. They sit and watch every moment that flashes across their screens, taking delight even in dozens of advertisements from companies hoping to capture their attention. This year, Super Bowl LII advertisements cost about $5 million for just a 30-second spot according to a report from AdAge Datacenter. Such a price is outrageously high and only rises with each year, but advertisers are already starting to see that Super Bowl ads are an expensive gamble that may not be worth such a high cost. If the price continues to rise, advertisers will not only stop benefitting from the beloved time slot, but the content could become less interesting to viewers. Within the last ten years, the price for a 30-second spot has gone up nearly $2 million according to the same AdAge

report. Advertisers have continued to adjust to the rising expense because the price is worth it. The Super Bowl is, after all, watched by millions of people. However, Super Bowl LII had 103.4 million viewers, making it the least watched Super Bowl in the past eight years. Despite the fact that people are moving away from viewing their content on television and are transitioning to online content, the ad price has been steadily rising instead of stagnating. To make matters even more challenging, consumers aren’t convinced by these commercials. Humorous and theatrical takes from companies like Pepsi and Doritos don’t sell units but instead provide extra entertainment. After watching four different beer commercials, people aren’t suddenly going to decide they prefer a new brand over the one they’ve favored their entire lives. In fact, 80 percent of Super Bowl commercials won’t convince viewers to deviate from brands that they are already dedicated to, according to Communicus, a site that researches advertising. Most can’t even recall what’s being advertised. If people can’t remember what’s being sold, then there’s no point in having such a coveted slot. While people will immediately recognize a logo from Pepsi, smaller companies may not fair as well. With $5 million to pay for just a small slot, companies without an established image won’t see many benefits coming their way, which will make them less likely to take a spot. Consumers may not find the situation very concerning, but it


While elaborate commercials are traditionally part of the Super Bowl viewing experience, increasing prices and decreasing viewership may mean consumers will see fewer companies participating in the future.

might be. In such a high-stakes market, advertisers have to put their best work forward in order to keep up with or beat the competition. As profits decline, a drop in content variety and theatrical value might be seen among the giant companies that have run numerous Super Bowl ads. A large audience gives companies a reason to take the risk, but well-established ones like Nike

Inc. and Chevrolet decided that the spot no longer made economic sense and decided to leave the competition altogether. While the Super Bowl is a game that people look forward to, it’s also the little things that happen in-between — the advertisements — that truly make it a spectacle. This year’s Amazon and Tide commercials were entertaining, giving viewers the temporary

bliss of humor and wittiness. These segments wouldn’t be as lavish or exciting without their relation to the Super Bowl each year. With the price of advertisements continuously rising, the cost may no longer be worth the benefit, and the charming tradition of revelling in grandiose commercials between segments of the most important football game of the year could be lost.

DACA debate leaves Dreamers in limbo Lack of bipartisanship has potential to upend years of progress.


While the bills surrounding the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program are quickly proposed and turned down, America waits restlessly for the government’s final decision. Dreamers can only hope, perhaps even dream, that President Donald Trump’s administration will consider them as Americans. The real question is, can the Senate get a majority vote for the new bill to pass? The truth is, most likely not. Neither side can agree on anything, as they blame one another instead of trying to make sure that legislative action benefits the people. There can be no more bargaining. These are real human lives that hang in the balance. There can be no more “what-ifs” for them. A decision has to be made now. For Dreamers, this next month may be the most important time of their lives. The previous Feb. 8 funding deadline has come and gone, resulting in two government shutdowns with the Senate nowhere closer to reaching a compromise. Dreamers have been placed in limbo as they wait for the fast-approaching March 5 deadline, justifiably afraid of the future. Because nothing has passed, the fate of hundreds of thousands of DACA recipients is up in the air, as the decision may be pushed back even further. History seems to be repeating itself as of late. America was founded by immigrants. However, not everyone sees it that way, and Dreamers are now being used as a tool to further the


Following President Donald Trump’s decision to end the DACA program on Sept. 3, many Dreamers and supporters responded with protests and have continued to fight for recognition as American citizens.

conservative political agenda. Progress comes, but it quickly fades into darkness thanks to self-centered thinking and short-sighted decisions from those in power. Trump said Democrats are doing nothing about the issue after they declined his proposal that included a border wall to end chain migration. Also known as family reunification, chain migration allows immigrants already residing in the U.S. to bring family members over the border. He puts the blame solely on Democrats because they refuse to sacrifice the future of Dreamers’ parents by adding an unnecessarily expensive wall. These are the same Democrats who have been writing and rewriting bills to get any sort of protection for Dreamers.


There is a sliver of hope, however. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell is trying to work toward a solution by having DACA bills openly discussed, debated and hopefully finalized Feb. 12. Rightfully so, because this needs to end now. Dreamers should not be subjected to such uncertainty, as they never asked for it. How could they have? Most of them were children when they came to the United States. The average age of a Dreamer when arriving in the United States is 6 and a half years old, according to, a site that focuses on reporting the factual accuracy of issues sometimes twisted by politicians. But many who are eligible don’t apply, not because they are

“lazy” as White House Chief of Staff John Kelly said to reporters on Feb. 6, but because applying for DACA is an arduous process with sometimes unaffordable legal fees. All Dreamers undergo an extensive criminal background check, according to United States Citizenship and Immigration Services, a sector of Homeland Security. If they fail, they no longer qualify for DACA. Applicants are required to come to the United States before the age of 16, and must have continuously lived in the country since June 15, 2007. DACA also doesn’t give Dreamers amnesty. They have to reapply every two years. The application alone costs $495, and that excludes the cost of hiring lawyers to ensure that the paperwork is being filled out

properly and turned in before the deadline. There is one more opportunity for some form of DACA to pass in late March but until then, every Dreamer who willingly gave the government their information is at risk of being deported. If March 5 comes and a deal is not reached, more than 900 Dreamers per day could start losing their protections according to a CNN analysis of Department of Homeland Security data. Congress needs to step up and ensure that DACA is upheld because 689,800 people’s lives depend on this decision. It’s not as if they had a choice as children to come to America. This country is all they know. This is their home. But Dreamers finally have the ability to choose, and many of them are fighting to be treated as citizens. VISIT US AT: DAILYTITAN.COM

Sports 9



Junior guard Kyle Allman (0, pictured above) came ready to play against UC Davis scoring 19 second-half points and finishing with 21 points in the win over the Aggies. He and guard Khalil Ahmad were the only Titans to finish in double figures, combining for 52 of the 68 total points scored.

Victory: Titans sweep Mustangs and Aggies 1

Forward Arkim Robertson, who finished with 13 points, six rebounds and three blocks, was one of the stabilizing forces for the Titans. The big man credited his big night to wanting to put an end to their losing habits. “I came out with the mindset to get every rebound, dive on the ground and play hard,” Robertson said. The Mustangs went on their 20-4 run to get back into the game while Robertson was on the bench. After scoring a combined 13 points over his last three games,

Ahmad’s coaches and teammates motivated him to lock in and stay aggressive in ways other than hitting shots. While he managed to dish out four dimes and get his hands on one steal, his presence was defined by his ability to get buckets. Finishing 8-12 from the field, Ahmad looked to score in the paint before branching out to the three-point line. “I haven’t made a three since, like, a couple of months or something crazy like that so I figured a layup would be easier,” Ahmad said. He had only gone two games without hitting a 3-pointer.

More of the same came from Ahmad in Saturday night’s game at UC Davis. The guard did most of his damage in the first half, scoring 20 of his 31 total points during the period. “My teammates had confidence in me, so that helped my confidence. Then I saw the ball go in really early and that helped my confidence a lot,” Ahmad told Cal State Fullerton Sports Media. The 31-point effort from Ahmad helped him reach the 1,000 point club at CSUF. He only needed nine points in the game to break that mark. Allman carried most of the

That’s a good team that we beat tonight. Our guys stuck with it and found a way to win. That’s what happens on the road.


DEDRIQUE TAYLOR Head coach workload in the second half, scoring 19 points and knocking down clutch free throws down the stretch. CSUF outrebounded Davis by seven in the contest, which Taylor said was the biggest advantage the team gave itself in the game. “That’s a good team that we

beat tonight. Our guys stuck with it and found a way to win. That’s what happens on the road. You’ve got to find a way to win, and we did that tonight,” Taylor told Cal State Fullerton Sports Media. The Titans will have a week of practice to build on their progress before hosting Cal State Northridge on Saturday, Feb. 17.


©2016. Paid for by the United States Army. All rights reserved.



10 Sports


“It’s about Acceptance.” • We need to accept that mental health challenges come in many forms and that it can affect anyone. • One in five American adults experienced a mental health issue.


Shianne Brannan (4, pictured above) had a big weekend to start her senior campaign. Brannan had a hit in every game while scoring and driving in runs in every game except Friday night’s showdown against Utah State.


Julia Valenzuela (2, pictured above) drove in a run on Sunday against Loyola Marymount with a sacrifice bunt. The catcher also hit a triple in the third inning, which counted as her first hit of the season.

Softball finishes Titan Classic with three wins The Titans seemed to have claimed the game by the fifth inning with back-to-back walks from Ari Williams and Zoe Richard put runners on base. Freshman Deshea Hill hit a sacrifice KAILA CRUZ fly that sent Richard to third and Asst. Sports Editor brought Williams home. Richard was brought in with Cal State Fullerton softball a RBI double from infielder Shiopened its season dominating in anne Brannan. Infielder Bryanthe Titan Classic over the week- na Ybarra closed the busy inning end, taking three of the four with a line drive down centergames against Rutgers, Utah field to bring in Brannan. FullerState, Pittsburgh and Loyola ton scored three runs in the fifth, Marymount. increasing their lead to 6-0. “It feels awesome. The girls A shutout win seemed inevitahave put in so much hard work. ble for the Titans going into the Sometimes the wins don’t pay final inning. However, Rutgers you back immediately, but this answered back by scoring five weekend they paid us back and I runs in the seventh. just appreciate their performance The Titans held their ground today,” said Titans Head Coach and closed out the game with a Kelly Ford. 6-5 victory. The first day of the tournament The excitement from CSUF began with a doubleheader where was cut short early into the secFullerton faced Rutgers and Utah ond game of day one. Utah State State. The Titans went 1-1 with a began the game with a home run 6-5 win over Rutgers and a 5-2 from Riley Plogger in the top of loss to Utah State. the first. With a young bullpen, many In the third inning, Sam Kenfreshman got their start this nedy scored off a wild pitch and weekend including Taylor Dock- advanced Brooke Clemetson to ins, Hannah Johnson and Janelle third. Williams hit a fly out to Rodriguez. However, the Classic bring in Clemetson, taking the began with high anticipation for lead and the score to 2-1. Dockins’ debut. After the third inning, the AgShe met her expectations, gies claimed the game with two throwing six shutout innings, RBI’s from Plogger and one from allowing only three hits and Jazmin Clarke. They took the one walk against Rutgers, giv- game 5-2 as the Titans were uning Dockins her first collegiate able to answer back. win. “I feel like we came out strong. “All three of them had very I mean, we did lose one, but it’s good freshman outings because a learning experience and we’re sometimes the butterflies FUL can going to come back from it and LERTON: 215 N. Harbor Blvd. get the best of you, and I didn’t whatever we did wrong,” COSTA MESfix A (The LAB): 2930 Bristol St. see that. They were very smooth Brannan LONG BEACH: 4608 E.said. 2nd St. and looked very seasoned,BUFso Fullerton FALOEXCHA NGE.COM • dominated Pittsthat’s promising for the future,” burgh and took the game 10-7 Ford said. that showcased both team’s

CSUF starred in its annual tournament by showcasing its offensive power.


offensive firepower. Aside from the seventh, not an inning went by where a team didn’t score. Pittsburgh started the game strong, scoring four runs in the third. However, Fullerton replied with four of their own in the fourth. CSUF held a four-run lead into the fifth with the score at 10-6. Pittsburgh scored only one more run and the Titans secured the victory. In the final day of the Titan Classic, Fullerton faced Loyola Marymount and claimed the lead early on. By the bottom of the second inning, CSUF gained a 5-0 lead and held it until the top of the fourth inning when LMU hit a homer to get on the scoreboard. Brannan had an offense-powered game, racking up three RBI’s from one home run, her first of the season. She kept Fullerton’s lead up, scoring in the bottom of the fifth thanks to a sacrifice bunt from Julia Valenzuela. CSUF closed out the game 6-3 against LMU. After receiving a glimpse of what the team looks like on the field, the coaching staff is now focused on fine-tuning its rotation to ensure it’s geared for success. “We are going to be best when we combo our pitchers. As a coaching staff we’ve got to figure out who’s going to compliment who,” Ford said. Fullerton will hit the road to San Diego on Friday, Feb. 16 to play in the Campbell Cartier Tournament. “Coming out on a high note with the 3-1 (record), I think we’re going to be rolling into next weekend and hopefully continuing it on,” Brannan said.

SeeWell Optometry Bring this ad to receive



contact lens purchases*

Glasses in about an hour Open 7 days per week

Walk-in Eye Exams Available 714-990-5777 Brea Towne Centre 1040 E. Imperial Hwy F1 Brea, CA 92821

*Cannot be combined with other insurances/discounts


Leisure 11




“Obser ve good fait h and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony wit h all.” - George Washington



Simon Atley


2 6 4

Winner will be contacted towards the end of the week!


lk et Wa n a l P the gn at i s y r Mercu


(c) Daily Sudoku Ltd 2018. All rights reserved.

2 7 8 4 6 6 3 8 2 9 8 3 5 2 3 6 8 5 8 1 4 4 9 4 8


Daily Sudoku: Wed 7-Feb-2018

very hard




Benjamin Tobi $25


What always goes to bed with its shoes on?












HINT 1: Important in the past HINT 2: Used for moving around HINT 3: 5 letters LAST RIDDLE’S SOLUTION: SILENCE


CPU, Mouse, Facebook, Scandisk, DVD, Speaker, Software, Folders, Printer, Table, Games, Monitor, Keys, Reboot, Internet, Search, Icons, Notes, Screen, USB




(Mar. 21 - Apr. 19)

Your future seems bright and your goals appear to be within easy reach. Although you might believe that nothing can prevent you from realizing your dreams now, there may be one more bump in the road that impedes your progress.


(Apr. 20 - May 20)

You’re not one to quit when the going gets tough. In fact, you excel in the methodical and persistent overcoming of adversity once you put your mind to it. You are ready to make your mark in the world now, but you could grow lax if everything continues to easily fall into place.


(May 21 - Jun. 20)

You might realize that you overestimated your resources or underestimated the time you would need to complete a project. Reevaluating your current position enables you to determine your most reliable path to the finish line. VISIT US AT: DAILYTITAN.COM


(Jun. 21 - Jul. 22)


(Sep. 23 - Oct. 22)

You may be very proud of your recent contribution to a group effort, but don’t understand the mixed reviews you are currently receiving. Some people appear to go out of their way to make sure you know how much they appreciate all your hard work.

You have your heart set on achieving public recognition for your work, but it seems nowhere to be found now. Nevertheless, you know that you’re on the right track because it feels right in your heart.


(Oct. 23 - Nov. 21)

(Jul. 23 - Aug. 22)

Instant karma can strike in several ways today. On one hand, your consistency at work enables you to reap the fruits of recent labors. Going the extra mile produces a bountiful harvest.


(Aug. 23 - Sep. 22)

You excel when you have the necessary skillset to accomplish a well-defined job. However, without clear direction you might flounder, unable to make use of your talents. Fortunately, your current assignment is a perfect vehicle to demonstrate your capabilities, but success won’t likely come without a fight.


You are so highly motivated by your personal values today that other people’s opinions have little impact on your behavior. You know your truth and someone’s words are not going to suddenly change your core beliefs.


(Nov. 22 - Dec. 21)

Although you may still be riding yesterday’s wild wave of energy, you’re ready for a change of pace. Fortunately, events in your immediate environment require your complete attention today, pulling you back down to earth and into your body.



(Dec. 22 - Jan. 19)

When the going gets tough, you Mountain Goats ascend. It’s as if encountering an obstacle brings out the best in you and you put even more muscle into climbing to the top.


(Jan. 20 - Feb. 18)

© theword

Lofty goals are like treasures that dangle on a stick far off in the distance. You might not be able to perceive all their details, but you know they are of value and you long to reach them. Unfortunately, you can grow disillusioned today when, after all your hard work, prosperity still seems so elusive.


(Feb. 19 - Mar. 20)

You may be confronted with a new set of rules or a very restrictive schedule at work. Either way, you’re not happy about external limitations being placed upon you.


12 Sports


Second-half surge not enough for CSUF

Women’s basketball was unable to finish its 18-point comeback against UCSB. JARED EPREM Sports Editor

After making an 18-point comeback without the team’s leading rebounder Daeja Smith, CSUF women’s basketball was unable to secure a victory against UC Santa Barbara, falling 59-52. The Titans rallied back and took the lead with just over two minutes remaining in the game. They did not score for the rest of the match. However, turning the ball over four times on their next four possessions sealed the deal for their opponents. “We didn’t even get a shot off on a lot of (the turnovers). We’ve got to at least get something to give ourselves a chance,”said junior guard Hannah Thompson. The Titans were limited on offense in the first half. Smith was unable to find a rhythm due to the number of bodies the Gauchos were able to throw her way. While Smith is the only player over six feet tall for CSUF, UCSB’s roster holds four at or above that mark. She left the game with an ankle injury caused by a collision with Gauchos forward Drew Edelman. “(Smith) thinks she turned it pretty hard. We’re hoping it’s just a few days but I think we’ll find out more Monday,” said Titans Head Coach Jeff Harada. The Gauchos’ shooting was a major problem for the Titans at the half. They hold the second-highest three point percentage in the Big West, despite only shooting 27.3 percent from behind the arc in the game, forcing the Titans’ defense to stay out on perimeter players.


Junior guard Jade Vega (pictured above) continued her recent struggles against UC Santa Barbara. Vega converted only one of her eight attempts from the field and committed three turnovers in the contest.

This allowed Santa Barbara to dominate in the paint where it scored 20 of its 36 total points. However, CSUF turned the tide in the second half. Once he knew Smith was not returning, Harada adjusted the defense to shake up the team’s identity on that end of the floor. “We went zone in the second half when Daeja was out and it helped us size-wise. It forced them to keep moving the ball back and forth and we forced them into some tough shots,” Harada said. The Titans’ lack of size fueled their second-half run, using their quickness to create opportunities

on the offensive end. CSUF stole the ball six times in the second half, which is up from its one takeaway in the first half. “I think it was our defense that fueled our offense. We got a lot of points in transition, getting some tips, getting some steals and getting some big and-one’s down the stretch,” Harada said. The team shot 55.8 percent from the floor and 50 percent from distance in the second half, counteracting its 23.1 and 16.7 percent shooting splits in the first two quarters. After Santa Barbara shot 31.5 percent from 3-point land in the

first half, CSUF was able to contain its opponent to only 20 percent in the final 20 minutes. The wheels did not come off for Fullerton until the final two minutes. After a nearly perfect half, the team was given multiple opportunities, including rebounding its own misses and missed free throws from Santa Barbara, to come away victorious. “I always tell them, ‘My job as your coach is to put you in a position to win the game with two minutes left. At that point, players have to make plays. Coaches can’t make plays for you,’” Harada said. “We thought we were in

a really good position down the stretch and we just didn’t make the plays we needed to make.” Despite the loss, Harada thought the team’s attitude during the comeback in the second half was a great takeaway from the game. “It shows the toughness and the grit that we had. We didn’t hang our heads and it would’ve been easy to quit, but we stuck with it. We grinded it out and we found a way to come back,” Harada said. The Titans will return to the floor on Thursday in a rematch against Santa Barbara on the road at 7:00 p.m.

Restore Wholeness in Others Prepare for careers in athletic training and physical therapy with a graduate degree from Azusa Pacific. At APU, you will study alongside faculty practitioners as you focus on treating the whole person—mind, body, and spirit—restoring wellness to help individuals thrive.

Join a legacy of difference makers in health care. M.S. in Athletic Training

Doctor of Physical Therapy

Gain the skills and knowledge to become an athletic trainer and prepare for successful completion of the national Board of Certification, Inc. (BOC) examination.

Complete the doctorate in just 34 months as you become equipped to join one of the fastest growing areas in health care.


Call (626) 815-4570 or email 21649

Monday February 12, 2018  

The Student Voice of Cal State Fullerton

Monday February 12, 2018  

The Student Voice of Cal State Fullerton