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Volume 94, Issue 12

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 2013

Syrian American CSUF students speak out on country’s civil war Students share their opinions on the conflict affecting their families ELLIOT LAM & ADREANA YOUNG Daily Titan

While many people read through the seemingly endless stories or watch in dismay at the nearly 24-hour television coverage of the civil war raging in Syria, some Cal State Fullerton students are living through the experience. Ronnie, a junior electrical engineering major, who declined to give his last name out of concerns of potential retribution to his family overseas in the Middle East, said his extended family living in Syria had to relocate after the violence escalated. “My family lived in the capital, so for a long time they didn’t (experience any violence), but recently they’ve been experiencing a lot of violence from the side of the government. It was kind of an eye opener for them, (to have) that kind of thing happen in Damascus,” Ronnie said. “It’s like bombs going off

Left to right: Ronnie, Farrah, Bayanne Kanawati.

in Washington D.C.” Ronnie said some of his family in Syria, including his grandmother, have fled to the United States to escape the war. Similar to Ronnie’s family, sophomore biology major Bayanne Kanawati said her family left the country before the fighting escalated. She said her family was able to relocate to neighboring countries like Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq, because they originally lived in the capital of Syria, Damascus and had more warning time to get out. Although Kanawati’s family was able to escape, she said some of her friends were not as fortunate.

“A lot of families, like my friends’, that aren’t able to contact (their families) because the electricity is not working,” Kanawati said. “It’s very difficult. Imagine yourself not knowing what your family is going through at the moment.” For some Syrians living in smaller cities around the capital, the fighting began before they could flee to safety. Although the talks of U.S. intervention in Syria are still fresh, the conf lict in Syria has been brewing for decades, Ronnie said. “The kidnappings, the torturing, stuff like that has been going on for a very long time. So it’s nothing new,” Ronnie

MARIAH CARRILLO / Daily Titan said. “People have just gotten tired of it, now they want their freedom, just like us.” Ronnie said he believes arming the Syrian rebels earlier on in the conflict would have been more effective. Farrah, a senior psychology major, who also declined to give her last name due to concerns for her family affected by the Syrian crisis, said her relatives were able to leave before any fighting took place. Farrah is not against U.S. intervention, but she questions whether an intervention would have a positive outcome at this stage of the conflict. SEE SYRIA, 6

NEWS | CAMPUS

Traveling exhibit symbolizes college suicides

Active Minds create backpack exhibit to pay respect to suicide victims SARA HIATT Daily Titan

Students paused to ref lect on college suicides and mental illness at the “Send Silence Packing” event on Thursday. The traveling exhibit displayed 1,100 backpacks near the Titan Walk, symbolizing the number of American college students who commit suicide each year. The exhibit was sponsored by the Jacquelyn Bogue Foundation of Fountain Valley, as well as Cal State Fullerton’s Active Minds organization. Active Minds aims to raise awareness about mental health and suicide affecting college students. The organization works directly with students in efforts to open a dialogue about mental illness and to encourage those who are suffering to seek help. The onset of most mental health disorders begins between the ages of 18 and 24, and one in four students lives with a mental health disorder, according to Active Minds.

The organization hopes to erase the stigma around mental illness and to empower students to engage their peers in the discussion, citing that 67 percent of college students tell their friends about suicidal thoughts, before telling anyone else. “Taking care of your mental health is just like taking care of your physical health,” Maria Marquez, president of CSUF’s Active Minds, said. According to Marquez, reaching out to peers when something may be wrong may help save lives. “Be the person to reach out and to talk to people, if you know someone that’s having a bad day, or big events happen to them, it’s okay to check up on them. Ten minutes of your time could mean the world to that person,” Marquez said. Stress is also a part of mental health, Marquez said. Finding ways to cope with stress, especially as college students, is important, she said. The backpacks were donated by friends and families who had lost someone to suicide, some displaying personal stories of their loved ones. One of the stories displayed

was about Katrina “Kara” Tagget. Tagget was a senior at Michigan State University when she committed suicide in 2008. Tagget hoped to overcome dyslexia and dreamed of attending law school. Although family members described Tagget as outgoing and confident, she suffered from depression and anxiety. Tagget’s friends and family donated a backpack to the exhibit on the anniversary of her

suicide. Hundreds of students took time to read and observe the stories and statistics that were displayed at the somber event. “I read some of the stories and they’re really sad, it touched my heart,” Shreya Kapoor, 21, a mechanical engineering major, said. “I was like, ‘I want to cry here.’” SEE SILENCE, 2

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NEWS | RESEARCH

Grant supports Latino science A new program funded by NSF aims to increase bilingual interest in STEM ABRAHAM JAUREGUI

Daily Titan

A unique project will use “Identidad,” or identity, to advance interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields for Latino students with a $1.5 million dollar grant from the National Science Foundation. The grant will fund research and development towards advancing success of science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) for junior high students in Orange County who have been fully immersed in an English-Spanish dual language program. The three year project, titled “Transforming Academic and Cultural Identidad through Biliteracy,” began Sept. 15 and focuses on bilingual Hispanics entering the seventh and eighth grade. This project plans to collect data on students in dual language programs, which are taught in both English and Spanish, in the Anaheim City School District. It will build on the bilinguality of the students to see if the program can enhance the interest and familiarity of math and science by collaborating cultural identity, integrating after-school activities and, most importantly, include the influence of their parents. “The data shows that our schools are not doing as well as we could in terms of serving our Latino students. Especially in the area of science and mathematics. We see achievement is not that strong, and yet we know the potential is there,” Mark Ellis, Ph.D., associate professor of secondary education, said. The project will interview parents about their everyday actions, from home life to work life in order to gain a better understanding of the home life of students and relate it to current and future curriculum. Armando Martinez-Cruz, a Cal State Fullerton mathematics professor and co-principal investigator, said parents don’t know

how to help kids with new school standards. Based on the idea of involving the parents, dual language and cultural identities, MartinezCruz said the project will create a sense of “Identidad,” which will influence activities and ideas that teachers can incorporate into courses. Along with guidance of “Identidad,” the Discovery Science Center is also contributing by sponsoring after-school programs that will support hands on activities and discourse. Ellis, principal investigator on the project, said the success of this venture could lead into possible implementations into other schools within the district and then hopefully into high schools. The U.S. government invests about $3 billion a year in STEM projects in order to compete with other nations. According to the Department of Education’s website, STEM job growth is expected to rise 33.6 percent by 2020. Michael Matsuda, Teacher Support and Professional Development of Anaheim Union High School District, said there will be jobs and opportunities in STEM and believes these subjects need to be implemented in elementary grades and that it is a concern that Latinos are not majoring in these areas. According to a report released by the White House, while the Hispanic population grew 37 percent in the last census, just 2.2 percent of Hispanics earn a first university degree in the natural science or engineering by the age of 24. CSUF is in the process of trying to change these figures and establish a better educational and/or occupational future for the Latino communities. The CSUF project is currently recruiting four students, juniors or seniors, who plan on becoming teachers of either multiple subjects with a math or science emphasis, or single subject math or science secondary education teachers. They are offering a two-year, $5,000 a year fellowship to work with the teachers and also be paid for working with the Discovery Science Center afterschool programs. SEE STEM, 3

NEWS 2

Presentation sells ideas to business majors OPINION 4

Violent video games spark debate FEATURES 6

Local businesses host autism awareness events SPORTS 8

Leslie Bonci’s Active Calorie Diet boosts metabolism FOLLOW US ON TWITTER: @DAILY_TITAN

JESSICA PINEDA / Daily Titan

Sophomore April Rios reads one of the memorials for suicide victims attached to one of the 1,100 backpacks scattered around Titan Walk.

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NEWS

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THE DAILY TITAN

SEPTEMBER 24, 2013

TUESDAY

SILENCE

Continued from PAGE 1

A dance routine titled “It Gets Better” was choreographed by CSUF alumnus Timaeus Le and performed by Jonathan Kim, 21, a dance major at CSUF. According to Kim, the performance represented gay teen bullying and suicide. “I’ve had suicidal thoughts, I feel like everyone has,” Kim said. “This project with the backpacks speaks very dear to my heart … It’s so sad that they didn’t get what they needed.” Suicide is preventable and there are signs to look for. Not engaging in normal activities, sad or unusual online posts and withdrawing from friends and family are signs to look for in someone dealing mental illness or suicidal thoughts. “(Students) should know that they’re not alone,” Karla Corral, 27, a psychology major and vice president of Active Minds said. “There are places they can go to get help and they can always reach out to somebody.”

JESSICA PINEDA / Daily Titan

Each backpack represented a student who fell victim to suicide and contained a short memorial and story.

FOR THE RECORD It is Daily Titan policy to correct factual errors printed in the publication. Corrections will be published on the subsequent issue after an error is discovered and will appear on page 2. Errors on the Opinion page will be corrected on that page. Corrections will also be made to the online version of the article. Please contact Editor-in-Chief Yvette Quintero at (657) 278 5815 or at editorinchief@dailytitan.com with issues about this policy or to report any errors.

Selling the art of pitchmanship The Sales Leadership Center supports sales skills usable in real world MATTHEW MEDINA Daily Titan

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JESSICA PINEDA / Daily Titan

Along with the backpacks, signs were posted around Titan Walk providing facts that promote mental health and suicide awareness.

Mark Mantey, co-director of the Cal State Fullerton Sales Leadership Center, took time on Monday to sell majors in business and marketing on the idea that sales skills are crucial, regardless of one’s career. Mantey moved to California from Wisconsin in the 1980s with a small amount of experience in sales, and worked until he became the divisional vice president of sales for international food company Nestlé. Chris Punzalan, a 27-yearold marketing major, said that the events hosted by the Sales Leadership Center represent a great opportunity to get hands-on experience. He added that significant participation in the projects could potentially contribute to a portfolio that marketing students must complete for their capstone class. “When we have our projects in classes, it’s make believe,” Punzalan said. “The project here, it’s a real company with real info and, you know, you come up with a real idea.” He said that he had about eight years of experience with a hospice company and moving up from data entry to medical billing, software implementation and financial analysis. However, he said his experience would likely not mean much for pursuing his desired job in marketing. “When you’re applying for any specific job where it’s not just a general office job, you have to have the specific talents,” he said. Mantey emphasized the importance of students taking advantage of resources available to them on campus. His Sales Leadership Center is open to all students, regardless of major. In addition to general advice and assistance, the center offers workshops and courses that will, when coupled with specific courses at CSUF, grant students certification in professional sales. “You can be able to go to your employer and say, ‘Yay, I got all A’s and B’s in my curriculum in Cal State Fullerton in business, but I took it a step further and I have a real interest in selling, so I got involved with this thing called the Sales Leadership Center, who taught me how to sell and exposed me to a whole

lot of things that I wouldn’t have had gotten through my regular classes,’” Mantey said. Part of the reason that the center helps all students, he said, is because of the universal nature of skills that are required to succeed in sales. “If you’re looking for something to do this weekend, nothing like a little sales skills to lock down that date, huh?” Mantey asked. Additionally, he said that over 50 percent of undergraduate business majors end up starting their professional careers in sales after graduation, regardless of their original intent. Mitchell Loo, 19, an accounting major, said he understood the need to stand out in the job market. “I’m planning on joining the accounting society, so hopefully they’ll give me some advice about how I can separate myself,” he said. Loo said that he would accept a sales job if he could not find accounting positions initially, and recognizes the overlap in skills between sales and other fields. “Sales is a lot of communicating with the people,” he said.

Mantey was optimistic about job prospects for graduates seeking sales positions. “The labor force in a lot of companies today looks a lot like me: Anglo male, nearing retirement, and I’ve heard that up to 40, 50 percent of sales forces look like me,” he said. “And as those individuals retire in the next few years, that’s going to open up a lot of opportunities at all levels for upcoming graduates.” The event, hosted by sales and marketing fraternity Pi Sigma Epsilon, also served as a meeting to announce future club activity

and events, which will culminate with the inaugural Titan Sales Competition. During the competition, teams that represent themselves or bear the name of a student business organization or fraternity on campus will strive to make the best possible sales pitches. They will receive training and advice from either Nationwide Financial or United Parcel Service, then act as sales representatives for one of those firms. Judges will assess each team’s performance to determine the winner.

“When you’re applying for any specific job where it’s not just a general office job, you have to have the specific talents.” Chris Punzalan Student

JESSICA PINEDA / Daily Titan

Business majors and members of Pi Sigma Epsilon sales and marketing fraternity listen to Mark Mantey speak about the Sales Leadership Center.

JESSICA PINEDA / Daily Titan

Mark Mantey explains the benefits and opportunities the Sales Leadership Center offers to all majors.

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SEPTEMBER 24, 2013 TUESDAY

DTBRIEFS Ex-FBI pleads guilty to leak ANKITA TEJWANI

A former FBI bomb technician, Donald Sachtleben, has plead guilty to leaking strictly classified information to The Associated Press about a failed terrorist plot, according to the New York Times. Sachtleben worked for the FBI from 1983 to 2008 as a special agent bomb technician responsible for substantive cases about terrorists attacks. In 2008 he retired and was rehired by the FBI as a contractor. In 2012 Sachtleben pleaded guilty to a separate investigation involving the processing and distributing of child pornography. He was identified as a suspect in releasing information to AP after toll records for a reporter’s phone number were obtained. Investigators obtained a search warrant to go through his cell phone. Officials had already seized his computer and cellphone because of the child pornography case. He is sentenced to 43 months of national security charges and 97 months of child pornography charges.

Car strikes cyclist on Yorba Linda ROBERT REYES A bicyclist was taken to the UC Irvine Medical Center after being hit by a silver Hyundai Accent Monday afternoon. California Highway Patrol received a call at 4:01 p.m. about the collision, which took place at the entrance to

NEWS the 57 South on Yorba Linda Boulevard, according to Officer Troy Christensen. CHP was unable to verify that either the bicyclist or driver were Cal State Fullerton students. Eyewitness Adam Smith said the bicyclist was a Cal State Fullerton cheerleader. The bicyclist was awake and able to recall her name before being picked up by an ambulance, Smith said.

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THE DAILY TITAN

Professors study fish breeding MIA MCCORMICK Cal State Fullerton professors from the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics presented updates on their current research efforts Friday, Sep. 19. Professors Kristy Forsgren and Eric Kessler, joined by student research associates spoke about their research on fish reproductive health to about 40 people in the Mackey Auditorium of the Ruby Gerontology Center.

Forsgren and Kessler discussed how anthropogenic chemicals are harming the reproductive abilities of fish. In their research, they looked at how these man-made chemicals can affect human health as well. Forsgren has focused her work on the different life stages of fish from birth and how the chemicals in the water affect each stage. She is also overseeing 11 undergraduate students who are researching the reproductive health of salmon. This research was conducted near Sea Grand Coast. Kessler conducted his research on guppies in Morro Bay.

Hostages in Kenya freed REBECCA LOPEZ

All hostages in the Kenyan mall standoff were believed to be freed yesterday, according to Kenyan officials. Although gunfire was heard throughout the day, the Los Angeles Times reported that the fighting was coming to an end. With over 62 dead and 175 injured, Kenyan intelligence measures are becoming heavily scrutinized. Despite security standards being put under the microscope, the Interior Ministry continuously tweeted positive news, assuring the public that they were “increasingly gaining advantage” on the shooters and they would do all they could to “punish” the attackers. The Shebab, a Somalia-based militia with connections to alQaida, took responsibility for the violence. They described the attack as punishment towards Kenya for their government sending troops into Somalia. The takeover took place on Saturday at an upscale mall in Nairobi and was said to be the biggest-scale invasion the Shebab has coordinated in the past two years.

ETHAN HAWKES / Daily Titan

A red bike lays on the ground on Yorba Linda Boulevard on Monday afternoon.

MARIAH CARRILLO / Daily Titan

Kristy Forsgren presents research on how fish health is affected by man-made chemicals.

Orange nixes offender law ERICA MAHONEY

Due to a lawsuit filed Wednesday, the law requiring registered sex offenders living in the city of Orange to place a sign on their front lawn on Halloween could be struck down, according to the Los Angeles Times. The purpose of this lawn sign is to discourage trick-or-treaters from knocking on the doors of registered sex offenders for candy. Noncompliance can result in citations and fines up to $1,000. Janice Bellucci, President for the Reform Sex Offender Laws organization filed the suit, claiming that these mandated signs violate the First Amendment rights of the affected sex offenders. Bellucci also filed a suit in Simi Valley and overturned a similar signage provision for sex offenders on Halloween. The signs are supposed to read “No candy or treats at this residence,” and must be displayed on the front lawn, clearly visible to passersby. Some worry that displaying signs on the front lawn make the houses targets of Halloween pranks.

Courtesy of Cal State Fullerton Student researchers Jessica Valadez and Vinod Valluri cut a DNA plasmid as part of the cloning process for their research work in the science lab.

STEM

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“The students have the abilities, they just need somebody to polish them, they have a little dust on them, and they need someone to get that dust out of the way,” Martinez-Cruz said. Collaborating together on this project along with Ellis and Martinez-Cruz are co-principal investigators; CSUF mathematics professor, Sam Behseta, CSUF assistant professor of secondary education, Natalie Tran, coordinator, Michael Matsuda, six teachers from the elementary district and six teachers from the high school district.

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OPINION

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THE DAILY TITAN

SEPTEMBER 24, 2013

TUESDAY

Video games not liable for aggression Conflicting studies show no result about the debate regarding video games ERICA MAHONEY Daily Titan

The release of the fifth installment of Grand Theft Auto has inspired the latest debate over the inf luence of violent video games, but it is not just the graphic game that has everyone talking. The tragedy in Newtown, Conn. has added to the everlasting controversy about the effects of violent video games, after a search warrant found Adam Lanza’s blacked out gaming room filled with warfare-style games.

“It described the United States’ culture as “highly individualistic ... with high societal levels of physical aggression and violence.” Do these aggressive natured games have a causal effect on aggressive behavior? The truth is, there is a multitude of factors that must be taken into account including the culture, mental health and amount of time spent playing such games by a person. A 2008 study conducted by the Iowa State University Department of Psychology compared a sample of youth

and adolescents habitually exposed to violent video games and their frequency of reported aggressive behavior to peer groups without such exposure. The study covered samples of youth both in Japan and the United States. The most surprising fact was that the aggressive behavior emerged 3-6 months after the player’s exposure. Unsurprisingly, males had a higher frequency playing violent games and a higher frequency of violent behavior. The study also looked at the respective cultures, specifically Japan compared to the U.S. It described the United States’ culture as “highly individualistic ... with high societal levels of physical aggression and violence.” However, a recent study released in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence argues exactly the opposite. “The completed study had found that playing the video games actually had a very slight calming effect on youths—and helped to reduce aggressive and bullying behavior,” according to the report of the Journal of Youth and Adolescence. The study was targeted at “high-risk” teens with depression in addition to attention deficit disorder. The report rejects the popular idea that violent video games cause aggressive behavior for players like the Iowa State University study claimed to prove. An article in The Journal investigated the impact violent video games have on the mental health of individuals. The ability to distinguish fantasy from reality is re-

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quired in order to keep the game in a perspective. Violent video games do not turn innocent gamers into killers—but if an individual who cannot distinguish between reality and virtual reality becomes obsessed with violence, the active role they assume as the game player can pose a more real threat. Even in that case, the chances that the video games were the sole inf luence of aggressive behavior is slim. Adam Lanza, for instance, had already harbored an ob-

session for weaponry and had saved newspaper clippings from a shooting in Illinois. Gaming was not the direct cause for the rampage that took the lives of innocent children and school teachers last year in Connecticut. Violent video games cannot be called responsible for Lanza’s actions. Christopher Ferguson, an associate professor at Texas A&M specializing in violent behavior and psychology, pointed out that it would have been more surprising if it

had been reported that Lanza didn’t play video games, given that a majority of youth do play such games. The Entertainment Software Association reported that 58 percent of Americans play video games and today’s media in general is violent and aggressive in nature. The Kaiser Family Foundation reported in 2010 that youth from ages 8-18 spend an average of seven and a half hours per day using or watching entertainment media; an increase of more than one

hour from five years ago. There’s still the argument that watching TV only requires a passive role, whereas video games require the participant to become active and make decisions. But making decisions in reality and making decisions in an alternate, virtual reality are two different decisions that the player should be able to distinguish. If that decision is hard to make, then the problem lies not within the video game itself, but within the player.

Photo Illustration by DEANNA TROMBLEY / Daily Titan Police found a darkened game room with violent games in Adam Lanza’s house, known for the Newtown, Conn. shooting.

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SEPTEMBER 24, 2013 TUESDAY

OPINION

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THE DAILY TITAN

Photo Illustration by DEANNA TROMBLEY / Daily Titan

An inmate has been on death row for 35 years, longest in Calif.

Price of life cheaper than death penalty Life without parole costs tax payers less money than the death penalty ABRAHAM JAUREGUI Daily Titan

Joseph Naso, a 79-year-old former photographer, was sentenced to the death penalty last week for the murders of four women in Northern California dating back to 1977. Being that California already has 739 inmates on death row, highest in the country, and has a long judicial process towards an unreasonable doubt execution, it is highly unlikely that Naso will ever see a lethal injection. People would argue that the death penalty serves justice for the victims’ families who experienced everlasting pain. However, more inmates die of natural causes on California’s death row than they do of an actual death sentence, including the infamous Richard “The Night Stalker” Ramirez, who died three months ago of cancer. Litigation is often dragged on for years, sometimes never reaching its end goal. Recently, 55-year-old Douglas Ray Stankewitz was in a Fresno courtroom again for a hearing on his third death sentence retrial. His 35 years on death row is California’s longest and his case is scheduled to begin in 2015. A sentence that was once the strongest and most feared by the public is now viewed as a shell of its old self. With such a long litigation process, criminals no longer see the death penalty as a practical sentence they will ever endure. The death penalty has become a hollow symbol of action used upon the country’s worst criminals and is no longer a factor in deterring crime or abhorrent behaviors in today’s society. Information tallied together by the Death Penalty Information Center shows that the 18 states without the death penalty have had a lower murder rate over the past 20 years than the 32 pro-death penalty states. In order for the death penalty to be effective, the public has to be under the presumption that many of these current and future murderers value the idea of life. The course of their actions is evidence they have utter disregard for their lives and the lives of those they have murdered. So why continue to think that having the death sentence will somehow deter bad people from committing terrible crimes? Civilians will continue to commit heinous crimes and the possibility of a death sentence is not something that weighs heavy in their minds. As a society, the public should be investing more in preventative measures rather than

capital punishment that isn’t changing terrible events that happened to innocent people. The state of California has spent $4.5 billion since the death penalty was reinstated in 1978 to execute a total of 13 people, according to a published article by Judge Arthur L. Alarcon and Paula M. Mitchell, titled Executing the Will of Voters. The Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review also states “Californians will spend an additional $5 billion to $7 billion over the cost of LWOP (Life Without the Possibility of Parole) to fund the broken system between now and 2050.” Regardless, these are terrible criminals who have hurt people in inhumane ways, but the death penalty is an expensive course of action that is costing about $6 billion more than LWOP, even though most inmates on death row are practically serving the sentence. If the state used LWOP over the death sentence, California would save about $176 million a year avoiding many taxpayer dollars on automatic judicial appeals. That $176 million can be reinvested on more effective preventative measures such as more law enforcement, job opportunities in low income and impoverished areas, mental health availability and awareness, and most importantly, helping the families of the victims who above all, are most affected. In 2007, the state of New Jersey also weighed the death penalty versus LWOP comparing costs and thus eliminated capital punishment and recommended that savings go directly to helping the families of the victims. Last November, when California voted on Proposition 34, a legislature that would replace the death penalty with LWOP, it narrowly lost by a four percent margin. The tide is slowly turning in California as it has nationwide with four states abolishing it in the past six years. There is no excusing the decisions and actions these criminals have made, and they deserve to be punished. People, like Aaron Alexis, who last week shot and killed twelve people in a Washington, D.C. naval yard and allegedly had psychological issues, aren’t born murderers, they are developed by their own shortcomings and surroundings. Unfortunately, it is those shortcomings that have developed man into murderer. The death penalty is a hollow misuse of funds. The impact of the sentence doesn’t create the same impact as before and doesn’t resonate the fear as it should. Inmates will not feel the repercussions of their decisions until the second they will be injected, but by then it will be too late.

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Edward Snowden; whistleblower or goverment traitor? Controversy stirs over Snowden’s decision to leak classified files PATTON TRAN Daily Titan

Edward Snowden; the name has become ubiquitous with younger Americans. Snowden joined the exclusive club of government leakers, joining the ranks of people including Bradley Manning, who gave Julian Assange of WikiLeaks over 700,000 classified files. As technology advancement ease everyday life throughout society, the federal government grows along with it. The country has become an always connected society leaving doors to be opened. Government officials have much more resources than the everyday citizen and it is up to citizens to decide to use or abuse that power. Deep Throat was the pseudonym used by Mark Felt, the informant who gave the Washington Post the incriminating evidence regarding President Richard Nixon and the Watergate scandal. In the public eye, Felt was viewed as a hero for exposing the corruption in the government. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were United States citizens who worked under espionage for the Soviet Union. They were executed and viewed as traitors to their country after revealing the U.S.’s plan to use the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. The question is whether Edward Snowden is a hero like Felt or a traitor like the Rosenberg’s.

Snowden leaked documents exposing the National Security Agency has gone beyond its moral reach by tapping into the privacy of American citizens in a program named PRISM. The program allows for the tapping of landlines, cell phones, emails, social networks and almost all internet based systems. “Under the disguise of the Patriot Act, programs like PRISM are allowed to exist,” said Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.) at the Center of America Progress. According to a released memo, the NSA “touches” roughly 1.6 percent of all internet traffic. “Every two days now we create as much information as we did from the dawn of civilization up until 2003,” former Google CEO Eric Schmidt said. Schmidt’s words bring to light the amount of information 1.6 percent of internet traffic is that the NSA looks over. Snowden states that storage facilities increase yearly “by orders of magnitude,” meaning the NSA can and will store more data on civilians. The question raised is, was there malicious intent? Snowden stated that he did not intend to harm the NSA but he has the documents to do so. He planned on exposing the nature of the NSA to the public, instead of painting the agency in a negative light. If his plans were not to harm the NSA, then why did Snowden reveal his identity instead of remaining anonymous with a pseudonym like Deep Throat? Was Snowden afraid of the consequences of an investigation discovering his identity, or

did he want to be in the forefront of the controversy? ABC News and Washington Post polls show in June that 43 percent of the population supported Snowden’s actions while 48 percent were against it. By the end of July the amount of supporters had increased to 53 percent. It would appear that the public is turning the other cheek in support of him. Reason Magazine conducted a poll in early September regarding the public’s view on Snowden. Forty-four percent of the people ages 18-34 believed Snowden to be a patriot. The number decreased to 35 percent among the public between the ages of 35 and 64 who view him as a patriot. Among the pollees of 64 years or older, the number in support of his actions decreased drastically, while his opposers increased. Twenty-four percent of those supported Snowden leaking the documents, while 52 percent considered him a traitor to his country. These numbers show that younger Americans believe Snowden is a whistleblower in the same leagues as Felt, meaning younger generations feel more betrayed by the gov-

MIKE TRUJILLO / Daily Titan

ernment because of their increased dependency on those monitored resources. The facts are that in today’s society, America’s youth has different views on who are the whistleblowers and how they differentiate their views from older Americans. According to CNET, the various corporations including Microsoft, Apple and Google allegedly participating in the PRISM program each gave the government access to private information by request so the NSA could access the data whenever they needed. America’s youth is driven by their necessity for technology and the media, thus showing how the NSA’s actions can more directly impact them as opposed to the older generations who consider Snowden a traitor. Snowden f led the country after releasing the documents, being granted asylum in Russia which could explain why he is referred to as a leaker in the national media as opposed to a whistleblower. Civilians may or may not view Snowden as a hero, but when it comes down to it, his actions reflect the government’s abuse of power over social media and public information.

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FEATURES

PAGE 6

THE DAILY TITAN SYRIA

Continued from PAGE 1

“How would they know who the rebels are? I feel like they say they’re arming rebels, but they’re really arming the government,” Farrah said. Farrah’s comments and concerns echo that of many policy makers in Washington. They have acknowledged that unruly elements have joined the cause of the Syrian rebels, further complicating efforts to resolve the civil war. With the threat of potential missile strikes from the U.S., Farrah said she fears the strikes could cause harm to Syrian civilians caught in the middle of the conf lict. The U.S., Great Britain and France have tried repeatedly to pass a resolution at the United Nations Security Council, which would allow member states to take action against the Syrian government for using violence against opposition groups. Both Russia and China, however, have vetoed any measures that would allow the use of force, citing uncertainty that the Syrian government had been behind the use of

chemical weapons. In response Russia’s proposed solution, in which the Syrian government would surrender their chemical weapons, potentially avoiding U.S. military intervention, Ronnie expressed his dismay. “For me, it’s kind of ironic because killing (Syrians) with knives is OK, killing them with weapons is OK, bombing them with mortars is OK, but chemical weapons, we draw the line,” Ronnie said. “I just feel that’s kind of ironic.” Despite the agreement reached earlier this month between the U.S. and Russia, the civil war in Syria remains ongoing. All three of the SyrianAmerican CSUF students expressed their hope that Bashar al-Assad and his government would step down. Their perspectives overall reveal an across the board repudiation of the Syrian government headed by Assad and their recent actions. “I definitely think that (Assad) and the rest of the Ba’ath party, they have to come down,” Ronnie said. “For anything to change in Syria ... there has to be a new government that the people want.”

SEPTEMBER 24, 2013

TUESDAY

MARIAH CARRILLO / Daily Titan

FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: Ronnie, Farrah and Bayanne Kanawati share their experiences and perspectives on the war afflicting Syria.

Local businesses host autism awareness events to raise funds The kick-off event for the autism walk was held in downtown Fullerton ALLY FITZGERALD & VALERIE SCHREPTERMAN Daily Titan

Members of the Fullerton community benefited themselves while helping two causes all by getting rid of used electronics, on Saturday. Autism Speaks, an international organization which funds research and spreads awareness about autism, teamed up with locally owned and operated service, Recycle Your City, to kick off its Orange County Walk Now for Autism Speaks event. The walk is set to take place on Nov. 16 at the Orange County Great Park. Glen Davis, owner of RecycleYourCity, said the company chose to get involved with Autism Speaks because it was looking for a group to partner with for a particular cause. Davis said the items that community members dropped off to be recycled would be dismantled and recycled to become commodities like plastic, cardboard and glass. A percentage of the money gained from the items recycled was given to Autism Speaks, Davis said. The recycling event was held in a parking lot adjacent to the building where the kick-off luncheon took place off of Bourbon Street in downtown Fullerton. Jennifer Jones, who serves as the manager of field development for the Southern California branch of the Autism Speaks program, organized the kick-off event. Advocates of the program spoke at the event on Bourbon Street on how to take current steps forward and the work that still needs to be done. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identifies around one in 88 American children as being placed on the autism spectrum. David Shapiro Sharif, 14, spoke Saturday after the presentation of his YouTube video, My Name is David. Sharif’s powerful words emphasized the importance of educating children and adults alike on the topic of autism. Sharif said in his speech a message all autistic people

and their families and friends wish to voice. “You can help me by understanding that I have autism and by not making fun of me. You can tell your family and friends what you have learned about autism. Being patient and understanding with those who have autism will help us greatly,” Sharif said. He also serves as a voice to the millions of individuals diagnosed with autism throughout the country. Autism Speaks U is a program that supports students, faculty and alumni in their awareness, advocacy and fundraising efforts for Autism Speaks. Jocelyn Freirson, a member of the Board for Autism Speaks U at Cal State Fullerton, became involved with the foundation when members of her family were diagnosed with autism. Freirson said there will be a free car wash on Oct. 6 at the 76 gas station in Brea, and all of the donated proceeds go back to Autism Speaks U at CSUF. Jones said the purpose of the event was to motivate and prepare those in attendance for the upcoming walk, as well as teach the public what Autism Speaks is about. “What we do every year before our walk is get everybody pumped up for the walk, but also tell them what to expect on walk day,” Jones said. She estimated that 8,000 people would be expected to participate in the upcoming November walk. Melissa Santos, a 21-yearold communicative disorders major at CSUF, attended the event with OC Autism. She has been involved with OC Autism for a year and plans to participate in the November walk. Santos said her brother is autistic and hopes to use her degree to help those who suffer from the condition. Santos and others involved with the OC Autism wore orange shirts and held bananashaped signs with change buckets attached to them in an effort to attract attention and raise money for Autism Speaks. For more information on the upcoming events, meetings and plans for Autism Speaks U, visit www.AutismSpeaksUCsuf.com.

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Spassov also won an AIGA award last year in the category of Most Liked. Edwards, thought of the idea for the event three years ago when he realized that there weren’t any specific design award ceremonies in the OC area. “Design really drives everything that we do. Everything that we touch, everything that we look at is all about design, so why not celebrate it,” Edwards said. The mixer was open to anyone and members of the AIGA didn’t have to pay for admission to get in. During the first part of the event, there was a drink service, and a buffet present while people mingled with different OC artists. While the awards were being passed out, there was a slideshow presenting the winning artwork. “This was one of my best pieces,” Khoa Nguyen, a former CSUF student, said. “I submitted three more pieces of work, but for some reason they liked this one.” Nguyen received silver for

“Everything that we touch, everything that we look at is all about design, so why not celebrate it.” Mark Edwards

OC Design Awards Coordinator DEANNA TROMBLEY / Daily Titan Petre Spassov, former CSUF student, proudly accepts his award for Best in Show at the OC Design Awards hosted by The American Institute of Graphic Arts.

Design awards held to celebrate local artists Students were honored at the third annual AIGA design award ceremony KAILEY DEMARET Daily Titan

Professional and student artists, along with designers, gathered at Tustin’s J.T. Schmid’s restaurant and brewery on Saturday to honor the cream of the crop in creativity and technique for the Orange County Design Awards.

The American Institute of Graphic Arts (AIGA) awards ceremony has been honoring people in the OC art world for the past three years. This year’s ceremony celebrated more students than the past two years. There were up to 20 awards given out to students from the Cal State Fullerton and Chapman art programs. Each award was personalized for every recipient. “All of the awards are unique and different and they’re made

by people, not by a machine,” Mark Edwards, the OC Design Awards coordinator, said. Petre Spassov, a former CSUF student, had the top honors at the event winning three awards. “Pops and Sons Identity” won the award for Identity Design and “Define Your ISM” took the awards for Print Design and Best in Show. “I was honored,” Spassov said. “Honestly, I felt appreciated and I felt proud of the work I did and I was glad that someone else saw that.”

his winning piece titled “Package Design.” The pieces of art were sent out to different AIGA locations to be judged. The awards themselves were picture frames designed by members of the AIGA community. Alysse Speiginer helped design and make the awards for the event. She said her favorite part of the OC design awards is creating the awards themselves. “When you’re a creative person you create things, you craft them and by crafting them essentially you design them,” Speiginer said. Many people cheered on award winners and family members. Eventually, the room opened up onto the patio where event attendees and the award winners sat by an outdoor fire and talked about next year’s awards and submissions.

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single sudoku

is like like solving “Life is likesolving solving “Life Puzzle, we Sudoku Puzzle, Puzzle,we we Sudoku what to do to know what what to todo doto to know it, but but we still finish finish it, butwe westill still need to open the need to to open open the the gate to the the future gate to the future future one by one with one by by one one with with what we know.” what we we know.” know.”

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INDEX INDEX INDEX

ANNOUNCEMENTS ANNOUNCEMENTS 1100 Campus Events/Services ANNOUNCEMENTS

1100Campus CampusEvents/Services Events/Services 1200 Campus Organizations 1100 1200Campus CampusOrganizations Organizations 1300 Greeks 1200 1300 Greeks 1400 Legal Notice 1300 Greeks 1500 Lost and Found 1400Legal Legal Notice 1400 Notice 1600 Miscellaneous 1500Lost Lost andFound Found 1500 and 1700 Personals 1600Miscellaneous Miscellaneous 1600 1800 Pregnancy 1700Personals Personals 1700 1900 Research Subjects 1800Pregnancy Pregnancy 1800 2000 Sperm/Egg Donors 1900Research ResearchSubjects Subjects 1900 2100 Tickets Offered/Wanted 2000 Sperm/Egg Donors 2000 Sperm/Egg Donors 2100 Tickets Offered/Wanted 2100 Tickets Offered/Wanted

Q: Who Who earns living Q: earns aaliving Q: Who earns a living driving their customers driving their customers driving their customers away? A: A taxi driver. away? A: A taxi away? A: Adriver. taxi driver.

single sudoku “Two things are infithings are infi“Twothe things are and infinite: universe universe and nite: thestupidity; universeand and human stupidity; human stupidity; and I’m not sure about and the I’m not sure sure about aboutthe the universe.” universe.” universe.” ― Albert Einstein ― Albert Einstein Einstein

Q: What do you call a Q: What do you Q: What docall youa call a dinosaur with a extendinosaur with awith extendinosaur a extensive vocabulary? A: a sive sive vocabulary? A: a A: a vocabulary? thesaurus. thesaurus. thesaurus.

How To Play: How HowTo ToPlay: Play: Each row must contain the Each row must contain numbers to 9;contain each colEach row 1must thethe numbers 1 to 9;the each column must contain numnumbers 9; each bers to 19:to and each set umn1must contain the colnumof boxes must contain theset bers 1 to 9: and each umn must contain the numnumbers 1 to 9. contain the of boxes must bers 1 to 9: numbers 1 toand 9. each set of boxes must contain the numbers 1 to 9.

Q: What stays in the Q: What stays in the Q: and What stays in the corner travels all corner and travels all and travels all overcorner the world? over world? over the world? A: Athe stamp. A: A stamp. A: A stamp.

MERCHANDISE

2200 Appliances MERCHANDISE MERCHANDISE 2300 Art/Painting Collectables

2200 Appliances 2200 2400 Appliances Books 2300 Art/PaintingCollectables Collectables 2300 2500 Art/Painting Computers/Software 2400Books Books 2400 2600 Electronics 2500Computers/Software Computers/Software 2500 2700 Furniture 2600Electronics Electronics Sales 2600 2800 Garage/Yard 2700 Furniture 2700 2900 Furniture Health Products 2800 Garage/YardSales Sales 2800 Garage/Yard 3000 Miscellaneous 2900Health HealthProducts Products 2900 3100 Musical Instruments 3000Miscellaneous Miscellaneous 3000 3200 Office Equipment 3100 MusicalInstruments Instruments 3300 Musical Pets 3100 3200Office OfficeEquipment Equipment 3400 Rentals 3200 3300Pets Pets Equipment 3500 Sports 3300 3400Rentals Rentals 3400 TRANSPORTATION 3500 SportsEquipment Equipment 3500 Sports 3600 Auto Accessories/Repair 3700 Auto Insurance TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION 3800 Miscellaneous 3600 Auto Accessories/Repair 3600 Auto Accessories/Repair 3900 Vehicles for Sale/Rent 3700 Auto Insurance 3700 Auto Insurance 3800Miscellaneous Miscellaneous 3800 TRAVEL 3900Vehicles Vehiclesfor forSale/Rent Sale/Rent 3900 4000 Resorts/Hotels 4100 Rides Offered/Wanted TRAVEL TRAVEL 4200 Travel Tickets 4000 Resorts/Hotels 4000 4300 Resorts/Hotels Vacation Packages 4100Rides RidesOffered/Wanted Offered/Wanted 4100 4200Travel TravelTickets Tickets 4200 SERVICES 4300 Vacation Packages 4300 Packages 4400 Vacation 1-900 Numbers 4500 Financial Aid SERVICES SERVICES 4600 Insurance 44001-900 1-900Numbers Numbers 4400 4700 Computer/Internet 4500 Financial Aid 4500 Aid 4800 Financial Foreign Language 4600Insurance Insurance 4600 4900 Health/Beauty Services 4700Computer/Internet Computer/Internet 5000 Acting/Modeling Classes 4700 4800Foreign Foreign Language 5100 Legal Advice/Attorneys 4800 Language 4900Health/Beauty Health/BeautyServices Services 5200 Movers/Storage 4900 5300 Music Lessons Classes 5000Acting/Modeling Acting/Modeling Classes 5000 5400 Personal Services 5100Legal Legal Advice/Attorneys 5100 Advice/Attorneys 5500 Professional Services 5200Movers/Storage Movers/Storage 5200 5600 Resumes 5300 Music Lessons 5300 Music Lessons 5700 Telecommunications 5400Personal PersonalServices Services 5400 5800 Tutoring Offered/Wanted 5500Professional Professional Services 5500 Services 5900 Typing 5600Resumes Resumes 5600 6000 Writing 5700Telecommunications Telecommunications 5700 5800Tutoring TutoringOffered/Wanted Offered/Wanted 5800 EMPLOYMENT 5900Typing Typing 5900 6100 Business Operations 6000 Writing 6000 6200 Writing Career Oppurtunities P/T

CROSSWORD CROSSWORD CROSSWORD FOR RELEASE SEPTEMBER 24, 2013

FORTimes RELEASEDaily SEPTEMBER 24, 2013 Puzzle Los Angeles Crossword Edited by Rich Norris andPROVIDED Joyce LewisBY: mctcampus.com Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle

PROVIDED BY:mctcampus.com mctcampus.com Edited by Rich Norris andPROVIDED Joyce LewisBY: ACROSS 1 Babbling waterway ACROSS 61Pillow covers Babbling 11 Healthful waterwayfacility 146Nocturnal Pillow covers with a 11primate Healthful facility ringed tail 14 Nocturnal 15 Squiggle in a primate with “piñata” ringed tail 16 Make a mistake 15*1972 Squiggle in the 17 hit with “piñata” line “The day the 16music Makedied” a mistake 17Feel *1972 19 sickhit with the line “The 20 Sharp turnday the music died” 21 Auction cry 19“I’m Feelinnocent!” sick 22 20Pennsylvanie, Sharp turn 24 21par Auction cry exemple 26 fair prize 22*County “I’m innocent!” 29 tide 24Receding Pennsylvanie, 31 On paredge exemple 32 26Sambuca *County fair prize 29flavoring Receding tide 35 for a polar 31Place On edge 32bear Sambuca 37 Street shaders flavoring 40 35*Home-based Place for a polar By Kurt Krauss 9/24/13 business bear 43 II razor 4 “__ Man in Monday’s Puzzle Solved 37__ Street shaders 44 Tells in a bad way Havana”: 40 *Home-based 45 Biblical beasts By Kurt Krauss Graham Greene 9/24/13 business 46 Blue gem, for novel 43short __ II razor 4 “__ Man in Monday’s Puzzle Solved 5 Barbra’s “A Star 44“ITells in aone” bad way 48 __ you IsHavana”: Born” co-star 45*Beef-braisedBiblical beasts Graham 49 6 Delay on Greene 46with-tomatoes Blue gem, for novel purpose short Barbra’s “A Star dish 7 5Many an Indian, 48Jones “I __ you Is Born” co-star 53 withone” a religiously 49locker *Beef-braisedDelay one.g. 8 6The Eiger, with-tomatoes purpose 57 Cagney’s TV 9 Start of the 16th dish 7century Many an Indian, partner 53Spring Jones bloomer with a 58 religiously 10 Greeted and 60 Go head-to-head locker 8seated The Eiger, e.g. 61 for the 11 9Vehicle safety 57Prefix Cagney’s TV Start of the 16th 6300 Career Oppurtunities F/T birds devices partner century EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT 6400 Child Care Offered/Wanted 62 58Green SpringBay bloomer 1210First-class Greeted and 6100Business Business Operations 6100 Operations 6500 Help Wanted fans ... 13 Former 60Packer Go head-to-head seatedsenator 6200 Career Oppurtunities P/T 6200 Oppurtunities a hint to the Specter 6600 Career Actors/Extras WantedP/T 61and Prefix for the 11 Vehicle safety 6300Career CareerOppurtunities OppurtunitiesF/T F/T 6300 answers 18 __devices salad 6700 Housesitting birds to (c)2013 Tribune Content Agency, LLC 9/24/13 6400Child ChildCare CareOffered/Wanted Offered/Wanted 2312Excessively 6400 6800 Internship 62starred Green clues Bay First-class 66 Pince-__ glasses preoccupied 6500Help HelpWanted Wanted 51 Five-letter song 6500 6900 Personal Assistance Packer fans ... 13 Former senator 36 Put a match to 67 Prefix setter 38 G.I. grub refrain 6600Actors/Extras Actors/Extras Wanted and ameaning hint to the 25 Precedent Specter 6600 Wanted 7000 Temporary Employment “sun” 2718Boarding school 39 Part of TBS: 52 Felonious fire 6700 Housesitting answers to __ salad 7100 Housesitting Volunteer 6700 68 Krupp Works city jackets (c)2013 LLC 9/24/13 54 Salt’s “Halt!” Abbr.Tribune Content Agency, starred clues 23 Excessively 6800Internship Internship 6800 69 Afternoon ora 28 Bassoon vibrator 41 Pinot __ 55 Audio 66 Pince-__ glasses preoccupied Put alabor match 51 Five-letter song 6900Personal PersonalAssistance Assistance HOUSING 6900 70 Bagel flavoring 30 “But I don’t counterpart 4236 Detroit org.to 67“Star PrefixWars” meaning 25wanna Precedent G.I.with grub refrain 7000Temporary TemporaryEmployment Employment 7200 Apartments for Rent 71 __ setter 4738 7000 Film a 56 Like “Will you “sun” 27pirate!”: Boarding school 39 Part of TBS: 52 Felonious surname? 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HOROSCOPES HOROSCOPES HOROSCOPES

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ARIES

LIBRA

(MARCH 21 - APRIL 19):

ARIES ARIES Don’t stick

your neck out for the mo-

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(SEPT. 23 - OCT. 22):

LIBRA LIBRA Create a

plan for the long-range future

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High intensity workouts get you fit fast Engaging multiple muscle groups is the key to get in and out of the gym quick MIA MCCORMICK Daily Titan

Busy students might find it challenging to fit effective workouts into a hectic schedule. However, the trick is to utilize high intensity exercises that target multiple muscle regions of the body at once. Although a large amount of time may not be available to devote to an exercise regimen, a few simple guidelines can help the time constrained student fit in an adequate workout. James Manibusan, a personal trainer at the Student Recreation Center (SRC), is a fifth year kinesiology major. He has been a personal trainer for over two and a half years and has been working at the SRC for about a year and a half. He has background in various sports including wrestling,

track, soccer and boxing. Manibusan said the ideal workout depends on the goals of each specific person, however building muscle is a common factor whether a person is looking to lose weight or just improve overall fitness. “Gaining muscle works in correlation with losing weight, because muscle metabolizes fat,” Manibusan said. Doing exercises that build muscle in more than one muscle group simultaneously instead of focusing only on cardio makes your workouts more efficient, helping the body to burn fat even after the workout is completed. “You want to work more towards what is happening when you are not working out,” Manibusan said. “So when you do things like plyometrics or highintensity sprints or even lifting a lot of weights, you are building muscle, and at the same time that muscle is burning the fat.” Another factor is how the workout is structured.

For those specifically wanting to lose weight, workouts characterized by a higher number reps with shorter periods of rest are a more effective strategy to get the most out of a session at the gym. “Try and stick to shorter rest times, do anything that makes you breathe hard, and lift heavy,” Manibusan said. He suggests doing exercises that get your whole body moving and engage more than one muscle group at a time, like a squat or a shoulder press. This is a more efficient way to work out the entire body when pressed for time. “People think that low intensity jogging for six hours a day is the best way to lose weight,” Manibusan said. “The best way to lose weight is to work as hard as you can as fast as you can and then throughout the rest of the day eat right. For the rest of the day your body will be pulling fat from all over your body to break it down.” A “thruster,” Bulgarian split

squat and pistol squat are just a few workouts that work well for someone with a limited amount of time to dedicate to their fitness regimen, Manibusan said. To perform a “thruster,” or squat-to-press, squat all the way down and press free weights as you reach the top of the squat. The Bulgarian split squat is where one foot is planted in line with the hips and the other leg is bent behind the body with the foot on an elevated surface. Then perform a squat, dip-

ping the body with the support of the planted front foot. A “pistol squat,” or single-leg squat, is done on an unstable surface for a more advanced workout or on the ground for those are not quite as ambitious in their training. This squat is done with one leg extended straight out towards the front of the body while balancing on the surface of choice and raising and lowering the body slowly once for a single rep and repeating 10 times.

Manibusan refers to this as a complex movement, since it exercises both the lower body as well as the core. Utilizing these practices will help to keep the calories burning and get the most out of a workout no matter how much or how little time you are able to spend at the gym. Just because someone is in a time crunch doesn’t mean they should sacrifice getting in a workout that is worth their limited and valuable time.

Boost metabolism with new Active Calorie Diet JESSICA PINEDA / Daily Titan

SRC personal trainer and James Manibusan shows proper form for a “thruster” or “squat to press” exercise.

DEANNA TROMBLEY / Daily Titan

Tea, coffee, nuts and whole grain cereal all fall under the four categories of Leslie Bonci’s Active Calorie Diet.

Leslie Bonci outlines four categories of her Active Calorie Diet in her book MIA MCCORMICK Daily Titan

If you are trying to lose weight, you might have to rethink how you look at calories. The reason for this is that not all calories are made equal, despite previously conceived notions about the calories we consume, said Leslie Bonci, a dietitian in Prevention magazine. Bonci is a registered dietician and author of The Active Calorie Diet. In fact, some calories can actually help in burning fat and come from unexpected sources. The key is to incorporate foods that help to boost metabolism into your diet. Foods that are chewy, hearty, naturally energizing and even warming can help to burn the calories as you eat them, improving metabolism. These types of food are called “Active Calories,” which trigger the body to increase calorie burn. Chewy Foods This category of metabolism boosters includes whole fruits and vegetables, lean meats and nuts. The mere act of chewing these foods initiates the body’s job to burn the calories taken in from consuming these foods. Hearty Foods These foods are packed with

fiber, making your body feel full faster. Bonci says that foods like fruits and vegetables, whole grains, brown rice and cereals are all high in fiber, taking up more room in the stomach and eliminating the desire to go back for seconds. Energizing Foods Surprisingly, caffeine in coffee and black tea also helps to boost metabolism, as long as the cream and sugar is kept to a minimum. Additionally, green tea, although not heavily caffeinated, does contain an antioxidant called catechins which raise metabolism by about 80 calories a day, Bonci said. Dark chocolate also contains catechins and caffeine. However, it is high in fat and calories, so moderation is advised. Warming Foods Spices such as ginger, cinnamon, garlic and cloves contain compounds that can burn up to 100 calories in a day. They do this by adhering themselves to nerve receptors, sending fatburning signals to the brain. Bonci recommends incorporating all four types of these active calories into your daily diet, with the majority falling in the chewy and hearty categories and add a minimum of one energizing and warming food a day. Bonci outlines some meals that abide by the Active Calorie Diet. For breakfast, she suggests a hardboiled egg, an apple with

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peanut butter, high-fiber cereal with at least five grams of fiber, fat free milk and coffee or tea. A tropical salad containing spinach, mango, cooked chicken, and nuts dressed with balsamic vinaigrette and a side of 10 to 15 whole grain crackers make a complete Active Calorie lunch. Bonci recommends a light snack of vanilla Greek yogurt and almonds between lunch and dinner to sustain yourself between meals. For dinner, a bean burrito with vegetarian refried or black beans, shredded reduced-fat cheddar cheese and lettuce on a corn tortilla with salsa for a little spice rounds out the day, fulfilling all of the food categories in the Active Calorie Diet. Foods to avoid include those that are refined and sugary because of the lack of energy exerted to digest them. Items containing sugars like fructose and sucrose, are dietary red flags. Corn syrup, molasses, honey and juice concentrate should also be kept to a minimum. “Additionally, beware of processed meat products that are falsely advertised and full of fillers,” Bonci said. This list includes foods like bologna, burgers that are not 100 percent beef or turkey, and hot dogs. Avoiding starchy foods that are high in carbs like pasta, french fries and donuts is a good way to avoid unwanted fat. These foods slow down the body’s metabolic rate, making weight loss and body maintenance that much more difficult. FOLLOW US ON TWITTER: @DTSPORTSDESK

Tuesday, September 24, 2013  

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