FEATURES: Page 3
Another ‘new’ report says, again, that violent video games have a bad influence on children, page 4
Gregorian chant draws news, unlikely fans
Since 1960 Volume 87, Issue 44
Wednesday November 19, 2008
The Student Voice of California State University, Fullerton
DTSHORTHAND Campus Life Campus Dining Services, a division of Auxiliary Services Corporation, will be opening their newest Starbucks Coffee location today. According to a press release, the new Starbucks, located on the first floor in the Mihalyo Hall College of Business and Economics Building, is a full-service store carrying the complete line of Starbucks products.
Odds against Titan football
Pact calls for American withdrawal by 2012 BAGHDAD (MCT) – The status of forces of agreement between the United States and Iraq is now called the withdrawal agreement, and that’s exactly what it is: an ultimate end to the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq. If Iraq’s parliament endorses the agreement, in six weeks American forces would have to change the way they operate in Iraq, and all U.S. combat troops, police trainers and military advisers would have to leave the country by Dec. 31, 2011. President-elect Barack Obama’s campaign plan to leave a residual force of some 30,000 American troops in Iraq would be impossible under the pact. Unless the agreement is amended, which would require the formal written approval of both sides, in three years there no longer would be any legal basis for U.S. armed forces or civilian contractors of the Department of Defense to remain in Iraq. If Iraq wants American forces to leave earlier, it could terminate the agreement with one year’s notice. The United States has the option to do the same.
This poor donkey was not factored into this decision in ‘Logistics Fail’
By Don NGUYEN/Daily Titan Staff Photographer As budget cuts loom over Cal State Fullerton, one of the areas that looks to be under the knife is the possible return of Titan football. The major determining factor seems to be the current state budget crisis which is making it extremely difficult to even consider bringing football back to CSUF.
Program looks to model after other schools successful efforts By Raj Modha
Daily Titan Staff Writer firstname.lastname@example.org
Money. That is what the Cal State Fullerton football program is going to come down to. A Division I football program is the most expensive athletic program a college can carry, and with the current economic cri-
sis, the program could be making its push at the wrong time. While schools like Georgia State and Colorado State, Pueblo are on the road to the gridiron, the CSUF football program is at a crossroads. Mel Franks, the athletic department’s media relations director, was with the university when the program was cut in 1992. He cites the
economy as a major factor. “The timing for bringing the program back couldn’t be worse. With the state budget crisis, it will be extremely difficult to bring a program back in this climate,” Franks said. Associate Athletics Director Steve DiTolla echoed Frank’s concern with the state budget, pointing to the changes that the athletic department
will see this year alone. “The state budget has a lot to do with us bringing back a football team. The state of California is experiencing serious financial difficulty. This current year, we have had to reduce $325,000 out of our athletics department budget,” DiTolla said. Supporters for the program have indicated that if it was to make a re-
turn it would compete with schools like UC Davis and Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. Currently the Big West Conference, which CSUF is in, does not offer football. If the program was reinstated, it would have to find a conference, in addition to finding a way to fund the many financial See FOOTBALL, Page 6
Obama’s influence on the nation, world Sponsored by African American groups, the panel discussed the change the president-elect may bring
These workers did not consider the weight imbalance that resulted in a donkey’s elevation. After loading too much weight on the back of their load transporter, the donkey then weighed less than its load, and it hung in the air ‘til the loads were removed.
By Christee Lemons
By Michael Thiele/Daily Titan Photo Editor Supporters of Proposition 8 line the north side of Yorba Linda Boulevard on Oct.26, in hopes to rouse passing drivers to back the prop that would ban gay marriage in California.
Cash for 8 causes protests Millions in donations result in protests in front of OC Churches By Amy Dempsey
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This year’s costliest ballot measure was Proposition 8, and its opponents claim members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints donated a substantial amount of the “Yes on 8” campaign’s $36 million budget, according to Los Angeles Times articles. Protests and boycotts are being held outside Mormon temples, and a church in Los Angeles temporarily
closed its doors after it received envelopes with a white substance. Bill Bradley, a “No on 8” spokesperson, is disappointed with the ballot measure’s outcome and credits the success of Proposition 8 to people who made gay marriage a religious issue. “Gay marriage is not a religious issue, it is a civil rights issue,” Bradley said. During the campaign, Daniel Holman, member of the Mormon church and Fullerton representative for the church’s support of the proposition, worked on educating single Mormon adults between the ages of 18 and 30 about the measure. Holman said he is happy the measure
passed, but is disappointed by the protests. “This backlash is turning into name-calling and hypocrisy by protesters calling us intolerant,” Holman said. “They are doing exactly what they accused us of doing.” Some encouragement for Mormons’ contributions came from a letter sent by church leaders asking congregation members to get involved. The letter did not specify monetary donations, but asked for members to do what they could to protect marriage, according to Holman. Within the Mormon Church, See PROTESTS, Page 2
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A screen showing President-elect Barack Obama’s acceptance speech opened a heated panel discussion on Monday when six multiethnic panelists discussed what effect Obama will have on the world. The seminar, entitled “What does this ‘change’ mean?” was held to discuss topics like the presidentelect’s biggest challenges, his impact on America’s image and his affect on ethnic groups, said Dorado Quick, a sophomore business student and the president of the Alliance for the Preservation of African Consciousness (APAC). The event took place in Pavilion C from 7 p.m. to 8:40 p.m. and was hosted by APAC and the Afro-Ethnic Student Association (AESA). An ethnically and academically diverse panel of five Cal State Fullerton undergraduate students and one CSUF alumni expressed their personal beliefs on Obama’s societal impacts and his unconventional qualities that won the
presidency. Panelist Carmen Cortez, a senior biology student, said the presidentelect graduated from an Ivy League college and was offered multiple high-paying jobs, but chose to work in his community. “Being in the community, you are able to see what people are actually facing,” and this gives the president-elect a fresh perspective on the hurdles most Americans face, she said. Each panelist stressed the need for students to continually stay informed on who Obama appoints to his cabinet, and the policies that will be implemented by the Obama administration. Obama is very popular and generally well-liked, but the people must hold him accountable for what he promised, said Marcus Omari, a panelist and CSUF alumnus. See PANEL, Page 2
November, 19, 2008
IN OTHER NEWS protest: the costliest ballot measure INTERNATIONAL
From Page 1
MEXICO CITY (MCT) – Elementary school teachers are the latest victims of an exploding extortion racket in the border city of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, as criminal gangs threaten educators to either hand over their coming Christmas bonuses or see harm done to their families or students, teachers’ groups say. With Monday a school holiday and news of the threats spreading in the media, on the Internet and by word of mouth during the long weekend, there were fears that an increasing number of parents would keep their children at home Tuesday, forcing additional schools to close. At least two schools shut down early Friday for a lack of students. The extortion against teachers was the latest escalation of the violence and fear that has taken over the city across from El Paso, Texas. On Tuesday, full-page ads were taken out in local papers by a wide coalition of business, religious, political and social groups asking President Felipe Calderon for more help. The federal government has already sent thousands of federal police and soldiers, but crime has only gotten worse. Even amid the chaos of drug cartel violence, street crime and protection rackets, the extortion of school teachers highly respected in Mexican society but often poorly paid was unprecedented.
individual homosexuals are loved and the church offers every resource to them, Holman said. However, he said, living a homosexual lifestyle is looked down upon and is an excommunicable act. Many religious organizations argue gay marriage is not necessary because same-sex civil unions are legal. However, the unions are only applicable on a state level, where they grant same-sex couples the same civil rights as married heterosexual couples. Federal rights that gays and lesbians are denied include; joint adoption and parental rights of children, “next-of-kin” status for hospital visits and joint filing of tax returns, according to Lesbianlife.About.com. Fullerton resident and Mormon
Study discounts ginko as effective against Alzheimer’s
NEW YORK (MCT) – Ginkgo biloba, the popular supplement derived from a Chinese tree, does not protect older people from Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia, scientists have found in an analysis published Wednesday. Ginkgo has such a long and storied past and is so commonly used as a memory enhancer that even teens studying for the SAT have been known to take the over-the-counter preparation. Some doctors routinely recommend it to people in the early phases of Alzheimer’s disease. The incurable disorder, characterized by brain-clogging “plaques and tangles,” affects 5.2 million people nationwide, most of them 65 or older. And it is the explosive prevalence of Alzheimer’s that caused some doctors to hold out a flicker of hope that a simple, nontoxic supplement might help thwart the disease. But in one of the largest and longest studies ever designed to test whether ginkgo can stave off Alzheimer’s, scientists found the supplements were completely ineffective. More than 3,000 people between the ages of 75 and 96 participated in the six-year project, taking a red-colored capsule twice a day.
Quarterly survey finds companies doing well
SAN FRANCISCO (MCT) – Need some good news? Here’s something: Even as consumer confidence hits historic lows, consumers did not savage companies in the latest survey by the University of Michigan’s American Customer Satisfaction Index. Overall, companies’ customer satisfaction score declined slightly to 75 on a 100-point scale in the third quarter, a 0.1 percentage point drop from the second quarter. Thus far in the economic downturn, “we don’t see any big collapse or panic with respect to customer satisfaction,” said Claes Fornell, a professor of business at the University of Michigan’s Ross School of Business and founder of the ACSI. “If that can hold up and companies don’t slash too much in terms of customer service over the holiday season,” that’ll be good news for the year ahead, he said. The index has hovered at about 75 for the past few quarters, hitting its all-time high of 75.3 in the second quarter of 2007. The index, conducted for 14 years, surveys 80,000 consumers every year 20,000 each quarter asking them to judge companies in specific sectors each quarter.
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given by leaders of the church, says “ … God has commanded that the sacred powers of procreation are to be employed only between man and woman, lawfully wedded as husband and wife.” Mormons are not the only people who supported Proposition 8, which won with 52.5 percent of the California vote. “By Proposition 8 passing, homosexuals did not lose any rights because civil unions are still legal,” Holman said. Many religious organizations got involved with the measure, but Mormons had the biggest impact because they not only donated money, but also ran phone banks, which reached out of state Mormons, according to Bradley. Opposition to same-sex marriage declined since 2000 when 61 per-
cent of Californians voted against gay marriage by voting for Proposition 22. Today that number had reduced, Bradley said. “Litigations will happen regarding the 2008 ballot,” Bradley said. “If we don’t succeed there, we are going to work really hard to make this a 2010 ballot measure.” In total, the “Yes on 8” campaign received over $10 million from nonCalifornian residents, and more than $25 million within California. The Catholic organization Knights of Columbus gave a combined donation of $1,425,000, with the national headquarters in New Haven, Connecticut giving $1.4 million and the California headquarters of the group donating $25,000, according to Californiansagainsthate.com. Evangelicals also donated to “Yes on 8,” but the amount is undisclosed.
panel: possible changes obama promises From Page 1
“We cannot just turn our back and assume it’s going to be the dream he’s talking about,” he said. Omari’s skepticism was countered by Leo Otero, a political science major and Associated Students Inc. chief governmental officer. He said the president-elect has a huge obligation to the people because his campaign was funded by ordinary citizens donating less than $2,000, rather than corporations.
“People elected Obama and he is accountable to the people,” Otero, said. “I don’t think he is going to forget that.” Though the event was tailored around Obama, the discussion quickly veered towards issues related to United States politics. Eyes rolled and heads shook when panelists answered a question asked from the audience regarding America’s waging cultural imperialism on other nations. Although panelists agreed that cultural imperialism is wrong, those
who spoke on the issue were divided on whether the US invades countries for that purpose alone. Some of the panelists said the U.S. should not invade countries, while others said that since the U.S. is a dominant power, the government has the right to overthrow those countries’ oppressive leaders. At the end of the panel discussion, audience members were able to ask the panel questions, but most commented to what the panelists said. Jonnyba Abili, a senior business student, said the panelists touched
on many different issues and they each had a unique perspective about the issues Obama will face. She agreed with the panelists who unanimously concurred that it will take more than one term to undo the damage that the country has sustained. “I think his biggest challenge would be to get the American people through the slump we are in now, because we have a long way to go and he keeps reiterating that it’s not going to take a year or one term for us to see progress,” Abilil said.
Why not let Big Three go bankrupt? WASHINGTON (MCT) – To hear the chief executive officers of Detroit automakers and union leaders tell it, bankruptcy and economic hellfire await if lawmakers don’t craft a government bailout for them soon. Probably not, according to legal and economic experts, who warn that what’s ailing Detroit isn’t fixable with the $25 billion being sought. Government aid of the sort that’s being debated might allow U.S. carmakers to survive a bit longer in their current form, but even supporters acknowledge that it’s unlikely to make them thrive. For now, their fallback argument is that not helping them could be the worse of two bad options. “If one of the companies was to go into bankruptcy, I would almost bet it would take another one with it, and possibly all three of them,” Ron Gettelfinger, the president of the United Auto Workers union, told the Senate Banking Committee late Tuesday. To get back on the road to viability, experts said, Detroit’s Big Three are going to need more than government money. They’re likely to need the government taking over their so-called “legacy costs,” the pensions and health-care benefits they’ve made to generations of workers during better times. “This is not a bailout of the auto industry. The U.S. auto industry is doing just fine. It is a bailout of the United Auto Workers (union), and regardless of what happens to the bailout, it will simply prolong a period of poor performance,” said Michael Hicks, an economist at Ball State University’s Center for Business and Economic Research. Hicks describes himself as a middle-of-the-road, nonideological economist. He carries weight on auto issues, however, since Indiana is, along with Michigan and Ohio, home to a large swath of auto and auto-parts manufacturers for Detroit carmakers and so-called transplants, the foreign automakers who build cars in America. “It’s not really the wages of the guys at the factory that are the problem. It’s the legacy costs, and the other union or labor costs, that are so damaging,” Hicks said, pointing to items such as full pay for idled UAW workers, and janitorial staff getting hefty union wages that saddle carmakers with higher costs than the transplants. General Motors is widely viewed as the weakest of the Big Three. Its sales plunged 45 percent in October and its market capitalization is now around World War II levels. Last year it reached an agreement with the UAW to establish a health-care trust fund called a Voluntary Employee Beneficiary Association. The association allowed GM to transfer off its balance sheet effec-
By chuck kennedy/MCT Leaders of the U.S. automotive industry testify at a hearing held by the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., Wednesday, November 18, 2008. Seated in the foreground from right are Ford President and CEO Alan Mulally, Chrysler chairman, CEO Robert Nardelli and General Motors CEO G. Richard Wagoner.
tive Jan. 1, 2010 some $51 billion in devastation” should automakers go promised health benefits. The money bankrupt. Some experts think that a will go into a UAW managed fund GM or Chrysler bankruptcy wouldn’t that will invest the money to help be much different from, say, steelpay for the legacy costs. makers, who emerged more com“It was the hardest decision I petitive, or United Airlines, which ever made as a leader,” UAW chief emerged from bankruptcy in 2006 as Gettelfinger told lawmakers. a leaner, more efficient company. During the current downturn, “It’s happened before for large however, the UAW fears that GM companies. Yes, GM is big and comwon’t fund this. UAW chief lobby- plex and has many stakeholders, but ist Alan Reuther said bailout money I think it is a lot better” to let it fail should be directed to ensuring that than provide a bailout, said Edward these promises to the already retired Altman, a professor at New York are kept through the association. University’s Stern School of Business “We think then and an expert on it would free up ficorporate banknancing assistance ruptcies. Bankfrom the private ruptcy would sector for the rest allow GM or of their operations,” Chrysler to seek he told McClatchy a kind of fundNewspapers. The ing that lets new absence of private– Edward Altmam, lenders get prisector lending has ority status over NYU professor GM, Ford and prior lenders. Chrysler warning of So bankruptcy looming disaster. could, beyond helping to reduce Chrysler Chairman Robert structural costs, give the carmakers a Nardelli told lawmakers that his com- new and better source of financing, pany would be unable to meet the said Edward Altman, a professor at roughly $3 billion it faces monthly New York University’s Stern School in cash obligations. of Business and an expert on corpo“Therefore, without immediate rate bankruptcies. The government bridge financing support, Chrysler’s also could encourage banks that have liquidity could fall below the level received bailout money recently to necessary to sustain operations,” he lend to a carmaker emerging from said. bankruptcy. The implication: Absent bailout “There will be some turmoil if money, bankruptcy awaits, and “we they have to file for bankruptcy, but cannot be confident that we will most people are getting used to the be able to successfully emerge from possibility that in order to make the bankruptcy,” Nardelli said. major changes, to get rid of manageGM’s CEO, Richard Wagoner, ment and probably the board (of diused more forceful terms such as rectors) and right-size the company . “catastrophic” costs and “economic . . it’s hard to do that when you are
There will be some turmoil if they have to file for bankruptcy ...
School teachers latest targets of extortion by gangs
church member Patricia Maughan contributed to “Yes on 8.” According to Maughan, the congregation was not preached to from the pulpit to donate to Proposition 8. The Mormon Church supported the initiative because without men and women procreating, the human race would not continue. However, none of the money that was donated to Proposition 8 came from the church, Maughan said. “All the donations were made from individuals of their free will,” she said. “No one told me what I should give, they just told me where I could give. All donations were given to the protectmarriage.com organization, which was in support of Proposition 8.” “The Family: A Proclamation to the World,” an official statement
outside the bankruptcy courts,” Altman said. Those who argue in favor of a bailout warn that a bankruptcy filing brings collateral damage that could harm thousands of suppliers to the automotive sector across the nation. “Traditionally, we’re not necessarily in favor of intervention in business. However, these are not traditional times, and this is the time when the companies need help,” said Rebecca Lindland, an automotive analyst for forecaster IHS Global Insight in Lexington, Mass. “The reason it’s so important . . . is that Main Street in all 50 states will be impacted.” A report Nov. 4 by the nonprofit Center for Automotive Research said the motor vehicle and parts industry employed 732,800 workers directly as of September, and the Detroit Three employed 239,341 hourly and salaried workers. The international producers, or transplants, employed another 113,000 workers in the United States. “The auto industry has one of the largest economic multipliers of any sector of the U.S. economy, and is sufficiently large that its growth or contraction can be detected in changes in the U.S. gross domestic product,” the center wrote. The center concluded that a 50 percent reduction in operations by the Big Three possible if GM and Chrysler both file for bankruptcy protection would result in 2.5 million jobs lost at plants run by the carmakers or their suppliers. More importantly to the broader economy, these jobs lost would reduce personal income by $125 billion in the first year and $275 billion over three years.
November 19, 2008
Help getting home for the holidays By Morgan McLaughlin Daily Titan Staff Writer email@example.com
Getting home for the holidays might be a little harder this year for students caught in the economic crunch, but there is hope for those looking to visit with family. Aside from the standard Thanksgiving or Christmas deals that can be found on travel sites such as Expedia.com or Travelocity.com, there are options directed specifically at students. STA Travel, which once had an office in the Titan Student Union, is a travel organization made to serve students and teachers. Their Web site, online social community, 24hour call center and retail locations found throughout the country are all part of what helps STA Travel focus on all types of discounted travel and
vacations. dates for a minimal fee.” The winter holidays are an espeSTA Travel offers alternative travel cially busy time for traveling. tips for students. With everyone trying to save “One alternative to air travel to money, STA Travel has worked to consider is Amtrak. With an Intermake this travel national Student season easy on Identity Card the schedule and available through the wallet for stuSTA Travel, students. dents can get a 15 “STA Travel nepercent discount gotiates speciallyoff the lowest addiscounted rates vertised fare,” Evwith airlines on ans said. airfare for students Evans also said and teachers, so that carpooling the fares are usucan be an option ally cheaper than for students going what you’ll find to the same area, anywhere else,” though driving said Patrick Evans, can take longer. marketing comMore people in munications cothe car can make ordinator for STA –Patrick Evans, the drive less borTravel. STA Travel ing and since the “Because we cost of gas is split Coordinator know group projup, it becomes a ects get extended cheaper alternaor you have to stay home an extra tive. day, STA Travel offers a Blue Ticket, For some students, saving monwhich … unlike traditional airfare, ey was important regardless of the allows you to change your travel economy.
Because we know group projects get extended or you have to stay home an extra day, STA Travel offers a Blue Ticket which .... unlike traditional airfare, allows you to change your travel dates for a minimal fee.
Travel doesn’t have to cost students an arm and a leg. Alternative means of transportation can save college crowd a bundle
Latin chants draw young fans SACRAMENTO (MCT) – The Gregorian chant holds a place in popular imagination as the province of hooded monks intoning monotonous melodies along dim stone corridors. It is not like that. At St. Stephen’s Catholic Church in Sacramento, the ancient musical form is sung by children and young men and women, a multi-ethnic choir of multicolored voices. Teens sing wearing Vans or boots poking out from beneath cassocks. They sing at Masses where toddlers babble and babies wail and adults walk in and out during services. Rehearsal is in a classroom furnished with old pews, the ceiling covered in dull acoustic tiles. The setting is mundane, but the music is ethereal. It is ear-pleasing and eye-opening, but difficult to describe. It resonates when the men’s deeper voices are breathing the Latin phrases. When the higher voices come in, the music undulates; it flows out like unrhythmic acoustic heat: radiant music. St. Stephen the First Martyr Church is one of the few parishes in Northern California to incorporate traditional Gregorian chant into Mass. Gregorian chant ebbed in the decades after the Roman Catholic Mass was opened to vernacular – non-Latin – languages, even though chant was still officially supported. “Gregorian chant should have the first place in musical liturgy,” said William Mahrt, a professor at Stanford and president of the Church Music Association of America. “(It’s) the fundamental music,” Mahrt said, “the basic music.” In the fourth century, it was how people learned the psalms, said Peter Jeffery, Scheide Professor of Music History at Princeton. Much as popular songs are memorized today, the music of chant conveyed religious precepts to largely illiterate societies. Chant is fundamental to more than the church. “There wouldn’t have been Elvis Presley if there hadn’t been Gregorian chant,” Morse said.
By Bryan Patrick/Courtesy of MCT Campus Lance Crane (left) and Kaleb Long practice Gregorian chant, along with other 20somethings and even younger at St. Stephen’s in Sacramento.
That may be an exaggeration, but musical notation itself was created by monks in the 800s specifically to record chant melodies. It’s essentially the same notation – the system for writing music – that is used for chant today, though not for other music. What Morse’s choir sings during St. Stephen’s Masses is largely prescribed by centuries of tradition. “Choristers were singing the exact same text to the exact same melody in 800 on the same Sunday,” Morse said. “It grounds you in history.” Few parishes are grounded like St. Stephen’s. The music was practically dead in the United States in the late 1980s and early ‘90s. Morse had to go to England to study Gregorian music. “No one wanted it, basically,” he said. Things are changing, though. There’s something of a self-help movement, experts like Mahrt and Jeffery say. A summer chant gathering four years ago had 40 participants – mostly refugees from failing choirs. This year it had 260 – some from growing choirs, some who seek to seed new ones. In some cases, politics is behind the growth of chant. Many Catholics associate Latin Mass and traditional music with conservative politics, said Princeton’s Jeffery. Indeed, at St. Stephen’s during a recent Mass, political stickers on cars
in the parking lot were all in support of the McCain-Palin ticket or initiatives aligned with a conservative social agenda. Many may seek tradition, but few have the experience of Morse and his choir. Even some teens in his group have been in it for six years – six times around the prescribed cycle of the liturgy. They know the chants. They know the music. Though it’s in Latin, “We definitely try to understand what we’re singing,” said Ellen Presley, 20, a music major at California State University, Sacramento. When the choir takes a break in August, Presley said, “everyone complains about us not being here. The music adds a lot.” In fact, it is choir participation that draws 21-year-old Jonathan Crane to drive two hours from Corning, Calif., to St. Stephen’s. “It was the sound” that thrilled him, he said. Crane and Presley are also impressed by the voices of the 8- and 9-year-old choristers who sing with them. The music is a major part of the service, but not everything. The choir is not the focus. In fact, they sing from a loft, heard but not seen. Chant’s most ardent supporters seem to like it that way. “I think that’s very much what music in a sacred context should be,” Morse said. “It shouldn’t be a concert at all.”
“I saved as much money as I could by planning the earliest flight out of California to go to Chicago,” Kevin Dusold, a communications major, said. The slowing economy is already apparent at nearby hotels. “I’ve only worked at the Crown Plaza Resort, in Anaheim near Disneyland, for seven months, but everyone has been saying that this is the slowest time of year we’ve seen – it hasn’t been nearly as busy as it has been in the past holiday seasons,” said Emily Payan, a journalism major. But even if students were thinking of skipping out on traveling this season, there are exciting travel opportunities outside of the local areas. Some basic money-saving tips for students are steps many seasoned travelers know well. Booking trips early is primary. “The availability is higher at this point, so students will likely get a better deal the sooner they book,” Evans said, adding that avoiding travel on peak days is also important. “Try to travel either on the actual holiday or a few days before or after,” he said. “Not only will the airport
By Michael Bryant/MCT CAMPUS Drexel University student Roxanne Richardson waits for her train to begin boarding as she joins many travelers heading to friends and family for Thanksgiving in November 2004.
be less crowded and the security lines less difficult to deal with, demand is less on the non-peak days, so students will likely find a cheaper fare.” Students may want to brush up on their foreign language vocabulary.
“It isn’t peak season in places like Paris and London, so students can get much better deals on airfare and accommodations,” Evans said. “Plus, the dollar is gaining on the euro and pound, so you’ll be able to bring back a few more souvenirs.”
Health in a Handbasket
“Do not pass go, do not collect $200.” If there is one thing we will never see on this campus, it is “free parking.” But the more we look at our university, the more we cannot help but notice the similarities between the board game and daily life on the Cal State Fullerton campus. Pay this bill, pay that fee, wait your turn, avoid jail … but it seems like Starbucks has joined the competition. They sell Starbucks in the Titan Student Union, Titan Bookstore, Langsdorf Hall and on the first floor of College Park. Today, the coffee shop that started as a small store in the streets of Seattle will have a fifth location opened on campus, in Mihaylo hall. Right when students think they are in the clear from any Starbucks promotions … WHAM! It’s like landing on Park Place just after paying off the $200 income-tax fee. They are everywhere. It is no secret that college students love coffee and all of its byproducts: Machiattos, Frappacinos, even Café Americanos. And with the holiday season upon us, Starbucks gift cards are not all that uncommon. We feel confident saying they are popular gifts among people who fall into the college demographic. Aside from the holiday season,
Letters to the Editor:
Starbucks gift cards have found their way into birthday gifts, Mother’s Day presents, even anniversaries for couples addicted to caffeine. In a press release, the CSUF Campus Dining Services announced that this particular Starbucks location, unlike the other four on campus, would offer “a full-service store carrying the complete line of Starbucks products.” According to Alan Anaya with Campus Dining Services, the other four store locations are “licensed to use the name, but they’re not actually Starbucks per se.” No kidding. That became apparent when all CSUF “Starbucks” denied the acceptance of their own gift cards. Anaya has put to rest the staff’s concern that this would continue. In a brief interview, he confirmed for The Daily Titan that the fifth location would definitely accept gift cards. The new location is also helping the lives of college students by employing “100% collegestudent employees,” according to their press release. Although the official grand opening ceremony will be held early next semester, students can start consuming the full line of Starbucks products today by stopping by the Mihaylo Hall College of Business and Economics Building.
Any feedback, positive or negative, is encouraged, as we strive to keep an open dialogue with our readership. The Daily Titan reserves the right to edit letters for length, grammar and spelling. Direct all comments, questions or concerns along with your full name and major to Daily Titan Opinion Editor Austen Montero at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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By Brittany Kunza Daily Titan Columnist
Second male pregnancy sparks jealousy in women
Providing insight, analysis and perspective since 1960
November, 19, 2008
Thomas Beatie, a transgender person pregnant for the second time, is challenging conventional reproductive roles We all thought it was impossible until Thomas Beatie, 34, gave birth to a baby girl at St. Charles Medical Center in Bend, Ore. In a recent conversation I had, the person I was talking to asked, “Did a man really give birth?” Yes! It is a new kind of man; they sell them on eBay and they take over the part of parenthood that women don’t want, like post-baby weight and stretch marks. Of course, men cannot have babies. If you haven’t noticed, men and women are slightly different in the anatomy needed for reproduction. Beatie is actually a transgender man, which means she was a woman who had her breasts removed and legally changed her gender to male. However, she opted to keep her reproductive organs because she wanted to have a baby one day. Well, that day was last Sunday, and it got me thinking. Beatie is a transgender man and has a wife. How did he get a wife? We have all gone out before and bent the truth about our age, career or weight, but do we have to worry now about people lying about their gender? Can you imagine the wedding
night? "Whoa! I didn’t want a gift with purchase, thank you!” Fortunately, Nancy knows her husband is a woman and – if you can wrap your mind around this – she was actually the one who inseminated Beatie. How did a woman get a woman – or man – pregnant? You will be slightly surprised. According to ABC News, the Beaties relied on sperm from a donor. Again, refer to Biology 101 for the “How babies are made” chapter. Now this is where it gets even more interesting. Also according to ABC News, Nancy impregnated Beatie in their home with a needleless syringe-type device from a veterinarian office usually used to feed birds. So the baby’s dad is a woman, and the mom is the one who impregnated the woman, who is actually a man – so is the non-pregnant mom the dad if fatherhood is defined by who carried out the insemination? Just think of explaining that to the little girl! But don’t worry, the allegations that the birth was a cesarean section are false. According to ABC, sources insist that the birth was all natural.
Am I the only one who thinks that having a Cesarean section is the last thing to be concerned with at this point? After all, this is pretty far from a natural birth. On a lighter note, the baby is healthy and will be breast fed by the mother (biological woman), Nancy, despite not being the one who gave birth. Yes, this is possible, and according to ABC News Medical Unit, you don’t have to be pregnant to lactate and you also don’t have to be a woman. For a not-recently-pregnant woman to lactate, ABC News Medical Unit and Dr. Sami Jabara, director of reproductive endocrinology and infertility at Texas Tech University Health Science Center in Lubbock, said that women can take hormones such as Prolactin and physically stimulate the nipples, which connect to the brain by means of nerves, leading to the production of oxytocin. According to WebMD, oxytocin is a hormone that “causes the milkproducing glands and the milk ducts to contract.” It is usually used in mothers that have low milk production. Prolactin is a hormone synthe-
sized in the pituitary glands that also stimulates the production of milk. Don’t worry men, you can lactate too! Although, I don’t know how excited you might be about this. Jabara says that a brain tumor that induces the production of Prolactin could cause lactation in men. So, men, you might be thinking, “I don’t have a tumor, so I don’t have to worry.” But are you overweight? Excess fat may be linked to increased estrogen levels, which lead some overweight men to develop “gynecomastia,” according to Dr. Jabra, which in layman’s terms are “man-boobs.” Jabra says that gynecomastia plus stimulation of the proper tissues could lead to lactating men. If lactating is something that you men want to do in your spare time, it will have to just be as a hobby because it is not likely that you will produce enough milk or its components to feed a baby. Thank goodness! First you want to have the kids, and now you want to feed them? Next thing you know husbands will want to take over household chores too ... or is that wishful thinking?
The big, bad video game makers aren’t the culprits By Morgan McLaughlin Daily Titan Staff Writer email@example.com
Children exposed to violent video games become more aggressive over time, and through imitation and desensitization they become violent in real life, according to a study from Iowa State University released earlier this month. Had this “new” study not repeated the point of an argument that we’ve heard many times, those findings may have been shocking or surprising. The fact of the matter is studies like this have been popping up for years, much to the chagrin of video game makers and players. This idea of real-life aggression resulting from exposure to violent video games is much like the studies on violent images in television and music. The subjects of the study were 9 to
12-year-old American and 9 to 18year-old Japanese video game-playing students. It took into account the children’s self-reports of aggressive feelings as well as accounts from parents and peers. It also tried to include how aggressive the children were before playing video games at the beginning of the study. The researchers feel they have a pretty good argument. According to the CNN.com article, “In every group, children who were exposed to more video game violence did become more aggressive over time than their peers who had less exposure.” However, as the other quoted researchers and doctors in the article say, it is not just the violent images that are altering children. The context of the games and the specific goals are what can relate violence with a sense of reward and satisfaction.
What video game opponents fail to see, and refuse to see, is the complicated issue that this seemingly simple problem really is. It is not just violent images, but the way in which the images provide a benefit to children. When violence is equated to the happiness or satisfaction of winning a game, or the release of stress, then children will realize that violence is an outlet for emotion. Do you blame violence in the news for children's aggression? These people are worried about the result of children and adolescents being exposed to and actively playing, and virtually performing, violence. Their concern lies in what they see as the pervasive media message: That it is acceptable to be violent or aggressive. But these children and adolescents aren’t growing up in a
vacuum. It’s not as though they have nothing but violent images and messages around them with no one to tell or show them other emotions and outlets. Isn’t that what parents are for? Taking away or banning violent video games is not a solution. Children are going to find ways to get and play the games. Instead, parents and adults need to take a stronger role in making sure children know the difference between video game play and acceptable real-world behavior. They need to communicate with their children, limit their playing time, be aware of what they are playing and ultimately understand how their children are feeling. Parents cannot blame violent video games for their children's attitudes when it is their job to be shaping their norms and behavior.
Faculty authors writing their way into education By Breanna moore
Daily Titan Staff Writer firstname.lastname@example.org
A Cal State Fullerton professor once told me that working as a professor for a university is one of the most unique jobs a person can hold. After all, he said, where else can a person be paid solely to think and to profess their thoughts to others? The next step is to profess those thoughts to an even wider audience
and write a book. So it makes sense that writing a book is what many professors do in addition to their university jobs. After all, who knows their subject better than they do? The debate is about whether this is a detriment or an aid to the student's learning from these professors. It can be seen as a case of the chicken and the egg debate: Which came first, the professor or the book? And, of course, it also depends on how each professor chooses to use their book
in relation to the class they are teaching. Most people have seen the faculty authors shelves in the Titan Bookstore. They consist of a set of bookshelves reserved to hold only books written by CSUF's very own. It is front and center for everyone to see. Professors like Bruce Weber, George Peale and Nancy Snow are just some of the professors featured in the faculty authors section of the CSUF Titan Shops Web site. This is one of the perks of having faculty members who occasionally moonlight as authors: CSUF gets bragging rights. This is particularly the case when authors become professors. Students who have read their work finally get a chance to delve more deeply into the subject. It is also a way for the school to draw more students into the college. And when a professor has a book published that is related to the subject they teach, students can read it to delve further into that topic. Granted, they've already had a chance in class to hear what the professor has to say, but reading a book is sometimes a chance to dive in a little deeper. And it's also a way to preserve and remember what's been said on the topic. On the flip side, though, when a professor assigns their book as the only one for a particular class, stu-
dents can be severely deprived of other viewpoints on the subject. One visual communications professor I had did this for an online course of his I was taking. We had online group conversations led by our instructor that followed the book closely. Most of the time, when there were questions, he would merely refer us back to the text or syllabus. Though I knew what he had to say about the topic fairly well, I never got the chance to experience any other opinions or viewpoints. Also, if I didn't understand one of the points he was trying to make, I didn't really have another way of having it explained to me. Everyone learns in different ways and it's important to have various explanations available so everyone has a chance to learn in their own way. It's also important for students to feel that their learning is the professor's first priority. This is why it can sometimes be detrimental for students when professors write books during their teaching days. It is easy to become distracted with a big project like that, and it's also easy for students to be the ones left in the dust. And yet, as one of the most intelligent and underappreciated groups of people in our society, we have to hope and have faith that if anyone is capable of finding the balance, it is those paid primarily to use their brains.
November 18, 2008
Index Announcements 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100
Campus Events/Services Campus Organizations Greeks Legal Notices Lost and Found Miscellaneous Personals Pregnancy Research Subjects Sperm/ Egg Donors Tickets Offered / wanted
Merchandise 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600 2700 2800 2900 3000 3100 3200 3300 3400 3500
Appliances Art/Painting/Collectibles Books Computers/Software Electronics Furniture Garage/Yard Sales Health Products Miscellaneous Musical Instruments Office Equipment Pets Rentals Sports Equipment
Transportation 3600 3700 3800 3900
Auto Accessories/Repair Auto Insurance Miscellaneous Vehicles For sale/Rent
Travel 4000 4100 4200 4300
Resorts/Hotels Rides Offered/Wanted Travel Tickets Vacation Packages
Services 4400 4500 4600 4700 4800 4900 5000 5100 5200 5300 5400 5500 5600 5700 5800 5900 6000
1-900 Numbers Financial Aid Insurance Computer/Internet Foreign Languages Health/Beauty Services Acting/Modeling Classes Legal Advice/Attorneys Movers/Storage Music Lessons Personal Services Professional Services Resumes Telecommunications Tutoring Offered/Wanted Typing Writing Help
Employment 6100 6200 6300 6400 6500 6600 6700 6800 6900 7000 7100
Business Opportunities Career Opportunities P/T Career Opportunities F/T Child Care Offered/Wanted Help Wanted Actors/Extras Wanted Housesitting Internship Personal Assistance Temporary Employment Volunteer
Housing 7200 7300 7400 7500 7600 7700 7800 7900
Apartments for Rent Apartments to Share Houses for Rent/Sale Guest House for Rent Room for Rent Roommates - Private Room Roommates - Shared Room Vacation Rentals
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Aries (March 21 - April 19) Potato awareness day, today. Potatoes have had a tremendous inﬂuence on society, since their introduction into Western culture. Just think, for instance, of their effect on Dan Quayle’s career! Taurus (April 20 - May 20) Today you will be seized by inspiration, and shaken like a rat in the jaws of a terrier. You will wax poetic, assuming that “poetic” is the name of your car. Gemini (May 21 - June 20) Beware of lightning, today! Either stay indoors, or leave your aluminum foil hat behind. (I know, I know. It’s hard. But I’ve learned to live without mine, most of the time.) Cancer (June 21 - July 22) You will be tickled without mercy, today. Oddly, you will not be able to see your assailant. Leo (July 23 - August 22) Due to minor lymph-node infection, several dangerous toxins will shortly be released into your bloodstream. Not to worry. You’ll survive, and the only permanent brain damage will involve an enthusiasm for polka music. Virgo (August 23 - September 22) You need to work harder on your friendships. Why, you sometimes don’t even like yourself that much, do you? Be nice to yourself this week - buy yourself some ﬂowers or a nice gift. Libra (September 23 - October 22) What you are about to do is wrong. Of course, you will only ﬁnd that out much later. For now, enjoy yourself! Scorpio (October 23 - November 21) You will join a team, and have lots of fun. I’m not sure what sport it is, but the team name will be “The Screaming Weasels”. Sagittarius (November 22 - December 21) Hmm. Hard to read this one. The carrot stopped right between “kidnapped and tortured” and “wins the lottery”. Probably a little of both, I’d guess. Capricorn (December 22 - January 20) Everyone you see will be “power walking” today. Ignore them -- they’re just trying to get on your nerves. Aquarius (January 21 - February 18) Hmm. Hard to read this one. The carrot stopped right between “catches horrible disﬁguring disease” and “loses everything in major earthquake”. I guess you can pick whichever one you want, in this case. Pisces (February 19 - March 20) You, for one, have just about had it with all this “Globalization”. Time to go on a diet!
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November, 19, 2008
Football: fee increase is needed to bring back program From Page 1
obligations the university would be saddled with. DiTolla gave an indication on what a football team might cost. “To add a competitive football team like that of San Luis Obispo and UC Davis, it will cost the university a ‘ball park’ figure of about $5 million annually. That includes the $2.5 million to run the football program, and about $2.5 million for the women’s programs that the school would have to add and the infrastructure to support an additional 160 student-athletes,” DiTolla said. While support for the program is at an all-time high, support is not going to put forth the truckload of cash that will be needed to run a successful program. DiTolla is part of the working group that was assembled by the university at the start of the semester. The report will show various related indirect costs of bringing the program back and address the pros and cons that accompany reinstatement. CSUF President Milton Gordon has heard of the report that will be presented, but is not convinced that even a positive report will be the catalyst for reinstatement. “If there is no money attached to the report, it’s not going to be positive. Without a guarantee of the money I can’t do it; it won’t be done. I spent three years with people telling me they would raise the money and they never did, they didn’t even come close to the amount of money a successful program would need,” Gordon said. Gordon came into office with a program that was averaging some of the lowest attendance figures in the nation. “Over the two or three years we had the program while I was here, we usually had some of the lowest attendance in the United States for Division I football program. Even with the money, our stadium is inadequate to support the attendance requirement that we need,” Gordon said. The Titans drew 4,806 fans per game in 1992. The NCAA attendance requirement of 15,000 people
per game cannot be met with the current seating of Titan Stadium, which seats around 10,000 people, according to Titan Media Relations. A stadium renovation would cost upwards of $30 million, according to Athletic Director Brian Quinn. Aside from the finances and stadium problems, the infrastructure on campus just is not there to support an additional 160 athletes, 80 from the football team and the 80 additional women athletes. Gordon is not striking the hammer down on the return of Titan football. There is a glimmer of hope, leaving an opening for the community and support group to provide a guarantee. “I would love to have football, but we simply do not have the community funds to support the program. I don’t care how many people tell me they would love to have football back ... you need the money, without the money there won’t be a program. The community group would have to give a guarantee of at least a minimum of $5 million and a detailed plan to show how they intend to generate that money on an annual basis,” Gordon said. Georgia State University and Colorado State, Pueblo have recently brought football to their campuses in two entirely different ways. Colorado State, Pueblo, with a student enrollment of more than 4,000, last had football in 1984. The school has reinstated its program through funding provided by the private sector. Sports Information Director Anthony Sandstrom of Colorado State, Pueblo points to the school’s former football players as the driving force behind the movement. “A lot of the guys who were on the last couple of teams pushed the university to bring the program back. They told the university if you can take care of the governmental portion of the program, we have can raise the funds for the program. They got in the neighborhood of $10 million just to bring back football,” Sandstrom said. The decision to bring back the program was made in May 2007, with the initial efforts starting back in 2001. The Pueblo Thunderwolves
Photo courtesy of Bringbacktitanfootball.com Phil Nevin was not only a phenomenal baseball player for the Titans, he was also an All-Conference kicker and punter for Cal State Fullerton.
played their first season in 2008 and finished 4-6. Georgia State, who will play its games at the Georgia Dome, is breaking ground on its future complex, according to the school’s athletics Web site. The enrollment of 28,000 students at Georgia State is comparable to the 37,000 students who attend CSUF. GSU used a student fee increase to bring football to its campus for the first time. Georgia State Head Coach Bill Curry praised the students for their support of the program. “The students were asked to consider increasing the student athletic fee $85 per student per semester, and it was almost a unanimous decision. The students have been sensational, having pep rallies and tailgate parties, and we haven’t even played a game yet,” Curry said. Franks thinks that if the students were to receive a fee referendum, it
would be per student, per semester. “Just a guesstimate, but I think a fee increase would be a minimal of $100 per semester for the students if the program was going to come back,” Franks said. The fee increase that is almost assured to accompany any football program is in the neighborhood of $50 to $100 per student, per semester. 37,000 students with a $100 per semester increase in tuition would net $7.4 million in money annually to support the program. The $5 million that Dr. Gordon is asking for would be satisfied, with a surplus of $2.4 million. The fee increase would cover the cost for the program, but the additional infrastructure needed for a team would be still be a major issue. Franks spoke in a department meeting about the lack of space. “I was in a meeting recently and I
was kind of joking, but at the same time serious. We would need a fourstory building on top of the locker room at the south end of the stadium to fill all the needs the football program would require,” Franks said. Since the return of the program to Colorado State, Pueblo, the effect on campus has been palpable. Colorado State, Pueblo saw their enrollment jump from 4,000 to 4,500 the semester after football was reinstated, according to Sandstrom. “Everyone has really embraced the program. It has brought a lot of life through the campus and raised enrollment,” Sandstrom said. “We broke all prior attendance records at our games.” Besides the enrollment jump, GSU is also bringing the largest freshman class in school history. “Football has allowed us to create a much more of a campus at-
mosphere. We are bringing in our biggest and smartest freshman class academically of 2,800. New dorms are going up all the time. We have the largest dorm building in America at 2000 rooms, and football all contributed to that,” Curry said. If the Titan football program is to make its return, it is going to take a great game plan and near perfect execution – just like in football. The game is played by three different units working towards one goal: offense, defense and special teams. While each unit works independently from the other, they all have one goal in mind: win the game. The same sort of effort will need to be made by the three units that will determine if CSUF gets football back: the students, the administration and the community. But they don’t need to win the game – they need to raise some money.