JUNE 14, 2007
VOLUME 4, No. 6
Good year for rebuilding Titans The team that was going to spend a season gelling is now going to Omaha By Eric Sifuentes Summer Titan Staff Writer
This weekend the Titans take on the defending NCAA National Champion Oregon State Beavers in the 61st annual College World Series. The game will be on Saturday at 4 p.m. PDT from Rosenblatt Stadium in Omaha, Neb. Live coverage of the game can be seen online at fullertontitans.com. Justin Anderson will bring fans all the action during the game with playby-play commentary. This will be the third meeting in the history of Oregon State and Fullerton’s programs, and will be their first meeting since the 1984 season. The winner will go on to face either UC Irvine or Arizona State in the second round. The rest of the teams in the World Series are Louisville, who will take on Rice, and Mississippi State, who will However, the playoffs have become face North Carolina. The Titans are making their 15th ap- a whole new beast and the Titans have pearance in the series and this trip will trailed for only one inning while outbe their fourth in five years and sixth in scoring their opponents 40-10. CSUF is 3-3 overall against other nine seasons. Having an all-time record of 34-23 in series-bound teams during the regular the series, CSUF looks to continue their season, going 2-1 against Rice and 1-2 against UC Irvine. success in Omaha. All-time, CSUF is 100-50 against the For George Horton, this will be his sixth trip as a head coach in addition other teams in the series. “The team is a to an appearance as little more confident a player in 1975 and and I told them to three trips as assistant The team is a little pay attention and head coach. keep their eye on the He holds a 12-9 more confident, and target and smell the record as head coach roses between pracin the series, with one I told them to pay tice games,” Horton title and three third- attention and keep said. place showings. This year’s Titans During a confer- their eye on the target have been known to ence call with the and smell the roses have “few stars” on press, coach Horton the team but that is discussed this year’s between practice not a problem for team and other as- games. pects of the season – George Horton Horton. “Get ’em on, get so far. Titans Baseball Head Coach ’em over and get ’em “All records are 0in is our philosophy 0 and whoever plays of play,” Horton the best will win,” Horton said. “This season has been a said. In regards to Oregon State, the Titans roller coaster and the NCAA gave us a are well aware of their championship chance.” The Titans’ 38-23 record, a .623 win- season last year. “I have had my eye on them,” Horton ning percentage, is the lowest for any Titan team playing in Omaha. CSUF lost said. “They are very good and will not get caught up in the media and experi11 of its last 17 regular season games. As Horton said though, it has been a ence of just being at Omaha.” The Titans have a tough challenge roller coaster season and the Titans went unbeaten in both the Regional and Su- and that is nothing new to team that faced an uphill battle all year long. per Regional rounds. ESPN will be televising the entire seDuring the regular season, consistenries on ESPN and ESPN 2. cy was a problem.
By Matt brown / Titan Media Relations
Going strong - Above, Titan John Curtis tags out UCLA’s Justin Uribe to save the game against the Bruins Saturday. The win clinched Fullerton’s College World Series spot.
By Karl thunman / For the Summer Titan By Eric Sifuentes Summer Titan Staff Writer
Ten Titans were selected in the 2007 Major League Baseball first-year draft. The number of players drafted is tied with the 1985 team as the fifth highest in Cal State Fullerton’s history. The drafted players are right-handed pitcher and junior Wes Roemer, who was the 50th overall pick in the first round by the Arizona Diamondbacks; outfielder and junior Clark Hardman in the 9th round by the Chicago Cubs; infielder and senior John Curtis in the
14th round by the Chicago White Sox; outfielder and pitcher junior Jared Clark in the 21st round by the Cleveland Indians; pitcher and infielder Bryan Harris in the 22nd round by the Seattle Mariners; catcher and junior Matt Wallach in the 22nd round by the Los Angeles Dodgers; pitcher and senior Justin Klipp in the 22nd round by the Chicago White Sox; and infielder and sophomore Joe Scott in the 39th round by the Milwaukee Brewers. Roemer has a 3.24 ERA and an 116 record, 136 innings pitched, 22 walks and 143 strikeouts; Hardman hit .391 with five homeruns, 14 doubles, 47 RBI
is hookah healthy?
Experts say the cigarette alternative is still harmful, but others disagree Page 5
selling their body ... parts
Students get some quick cash by selling blood and eggs Page 8
Left, Bryan Harris hits a fly ball in the Feb. 18 game against Arizona State. Harris was drafted by the Seattle Mariners, one of 10 Titans to be chosen by a Major League team this year. and 102 hits; McArthur hit .253 with four homeruns, 10 doubles and 31 RBI; Curtis hit .284 with six homeruns, 17 doubles and 45 RBI; Mahin hit .287 with nine homeruns, 17 doubles and 45 RBI; Clark missed the entire 2007 season due to injury after hitting .277 in 59 games as a sophomore; Harris has a 2.89 ERA with a 2-2 record and three saves; Wallach hit .254 with four homeruns, six doubles and 26 RBI in his first season in Division I; Klipp has a 2.15 ERA with a 2-0 record and one save; and Scott hit .240 with 34 runs, 24 With 10 players drafted and a trip to Omaha, it’s not a shabby turnover year.
Get the straight facts on how immigration law works in Southern California
Weather 5-day Forecast Today
June 14, 2007
BACK OF THE BUS
Friday Partly Cloudy / High: 79, Low: 61
saturday Partly Cloudy / High: 75, Low: 60
Fullerton Market, from 4 to 8:30 p.m.: Features of the market will include farm-fresh produce, fraft booths, live entertainment and an adult beer garden. Admission is free.
sunday Sunny / High: 73, Low: 59
monday Sunny / High: 73, Low: 59
Free “Glow” Bowling, from 3 to 7 p.m.: “Glow” bowling free with valid Titan Card. Shoe rental is $2.50. Located at the Titan Student Union.
FRIDAY: Staying Safe at CSUF, from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.: A workshop discussing the Virginia Tech shooting, emergency preparedness and campus watch. Located at the Titan Student Union, Pavillion A.
Main Line: 714.278.3373 E DIT O R IA L Fax: 714.278.4473 email@example.com Executive Editor
Cindy Cafferty / Summer Titan Photo Editor
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Sunlight filters through the windows of the closed doors of this original refurbished Army Ambulance. The mobile medic U.S.A. 710079 carried the wounded to safety for years prior to its restoration and now serves as a tangible piece of history. The back of this “bare-bones bus” houses only the most pertinent things for transport - soldiers, steel, and stretchers - and allows ordinary civilians to get a birdseye view of what the wounded saw.
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firstname.lastname@example.org The Summer Titan is a student publication, printed every Wednesday from June 8 through Aug 17. The Summer Titan is a subsidiary of the Daily Titan, which operates independently of Associated Students, Inc., College of Communications, CSUF administration and the CSU system. The Daily Titan has functioned as a public forum since inception. Unless implied by advertising party or otherwise stated, advertising in The Daily Titan is inserted by commercial activities or ventures identified in the advertisements themselves and not by the university. Such printing is not to be construed as written or implied sponsorship, endorsement or investigation of such commercial enterprises. The Daily Titan allocates one issue to each student for free.. Copyright 2006 Daily Titan
SUNDAY: You Won’t Part with Yours Either: Robert Perine and the Fender Guitar, from 12 to 4 p.m.: An exhibition of Perine’s advertising designs for Fender Sales, Inc. Located at the Fullerton Museum, Leo Fender Gallery.
Local, State, national, world
SATURDAY: Community Resource Fair, from 9 a.m.-12 p.m.: A fair focusing on the “who, what and where” of local resources and services available to senior citizens and their families. Located at the Fullerton Senior Multi-Service Center in Amerige Park.
NEWS IN BRIEF
JUNE 14 - June 18 THURSDAY: Financial aid workshop, from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.: CalPers and Financial Finesse will inform students on unbiased financial products and services. Located at College Park.
Partly Cloudy / High: 81, Low: 62
Former mayor weaves past drunk driving charges
WASHINGTON (AP) - Former Mayor Marion Barry was acquitted Wednesday of drunken driving and other offenses stemming from his arrest last year near the White House. Secret Service agents stopped Barry’s car early Sept. 10, 2006, and said he stopped at a green light and drove through a red one. The agents testified that Barry smelled of alcohol, was stumbling and had red eyes and slurred speech.
New Israeli president is a Nobel Prize winner
JERUSALEM (AP) - Shimon Peres helped build the Israeli army, repeatedly served as prime minister in difficult times and won the Nobel Peace Prize
for his efforts at ending the conflict with the Palestinians. At 83, the elder statesman was chosen as Israel’s ninth president Wednesday – shattering an embarrassing record of electoral defeats – and pledged he will work to unify the country and restore the dignity of the largely ceremonial office tainted by rape allegations against his predecessor.
New evidence links Iran to Taliban weapons
RAMSTEIN AIR BASE, Germany (AP) - Defense Secretary Robert Gates tied Iran’s government to large shipments of weapons to the Taliban in Afghanistan and said Wednesday such quantities were unlikely without Tehran’s knowledge. Gates’ comments, following accusations by a State Department official,
were the strongest yet by a Cabinet secretary about Iran’s support of the terrorist group in Afghanistan.
Murder suspect pays $200 for freedom
TRENTON, N.J. (AP) - A doublemurder suspect was mistakenly released from jail after posting $200 bail, and authorities were searching for him Wednesday. A series of “clerical errors” were blamed for Dontay Brannon’s release on Monday, Mercer County spokeswoman Julie Willmot said. The error was discovered the next day, and police started their hunt.
Bush supports rebuilding of bombed mosque WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Bush on Wednesday condemned the bombing of one of the holiest Shiite shrines in Iraq and pledged U.S. support for protecting and rebuilding the sacred mosque. The attack came early Wednesday on the Askariya Shrine in Samarra, one of the holiest in Shiite Islam. It destroyed the shrine’s two minarets.
Kellogg smacks down on unhealthy foods
WASHINGTON (AP) - Kellogg Co., the world’s largest cereal maker, agreed to raise the nutritional value of cereals and snacks it markets to children. The Battle Creek, Mich., company avoided a lawsuit threatened by parents and nutrition advocacy groups worried about increasing child obesity. Kellogg intends to formally announce its decision Thursday.
Fake products may not be such a great bargain By Jocelyn Loren Summer Titan Staff Writer email@example.com
“The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift” premiered on theater screens across the world on June 16, 2006. On June 14 the movie could be viewed from title screen to credits on YouTube. Counterfeiting and piracy costs the U.S. between $200 and $250 billion annually, is responsible for 750,000 American jobs lost and poses major health and safety concerns, according to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. Counterfeiting profitability can be high. A cocaine dealer on the street can invest $47,000 into a kilo of cocaine and resell it for double the amount, yielding a 100 percent return, according to the chamber. The same dealer can use the same $47,000 to purchase 1,500 pirated copies of Microsoft Office and resell them, through the black market, for $423,000 – a 900 percent return. “There is a huge amount of spam for counterfeit software,” said Ashley Parish, owner of C Technologies, a computer sales and service store in Fullerton. “I get multiple e-mails a day with some bogus Web site somewhere that is selling some bogus counterfeit software of some variety.” The demand for pirated and counterfeit products is high. Many black-market consumers are lured by substantial price reductions and believe only large corporations are negatively affected. Jon Arat, a second-year graduate student in counseling psychology, called illegally downloading music a form of “Robin Hooding” against “corporations that can afford to be taken advantage of,” but said he avoids pirated music and movies from the internet because they usually “lack in quality.” For manufacturers, there doesn’t seem to be a shortage of those who don’t mind the reduced quality. In fact, the substantial savings in the cost of the product come at the cost of not only quality but also public health and safety. According to the chamber, counterfeit and pirated products have caused great harm to consumers: A 13-year-old boy from Oceanside, Calif., suffered severe injuries when his cell-phone battery exploded. In two years, there’ve been 83 reports of counterfeit cell-phone batteries exploding. In 2006, 600,000 counterfeit extension cords were recalled when it was dis-
courtesy of arttoday.com covered they were made of undersized, unsafe wire that caused an electrical shock hazard. The cords falsely displayed Underwriters Laboratories safety labels. Some counterfeit auto parts have been discovered to be made of inferior materials, such as brake linings made from compressed grass, sawdust or cardboard; transmission fluid made from cheap motor oil dyed the appropriate color; and oil filters stuffed with rags. Police confiscated 585 bottles of Head & Shoulders shampoo after it was discovered the bottles contained what specialists only described as “poop.” The effects of counterfeit goods are even further reaching. The 1993 World Trade Center bombing was largely financed through the sale of counterfeit goods, such as fake Nike T-shirts sold from a store on Broadway, according to TheTrueCosts.org, a Web site dedicated to spreading awareness of the effects of counterfeiting. The problem proves difficult to contain since policing counterfeit and pirated products is usually left in the hands of consumers who often feel unaffected, according to YouTube, which claims to be visited by nearly 20 million unique users per month and serve 100 million videos a day. “The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift” is just one of the illegally pirated movies that could be found prior to a movies release on YouTube. The pirated movies, which no revenue is given to the studios, are uploaded onto the Web site by private individuals. The site’s administrators, however, do not support illegal uploading and work to remove copyrighted works brought to their attention. Generally, YouTube discovers these
June 14, 2007
videos only through self-policing within the YouTube community. Pirated movies may be seen by numerous viewers before they’re removed. “I think it’s a prevalent thing,” Arat said. “Everybody does it because everybody gets away with it.” College students may be familiar with the threat of illegally shared and downloaded music over the Internet. The music industry has already lost $4.6 billion in revenue from the illegally downloaded music, according to the chamber. College students, however, may not be alert to other counterfeiting threats because some counterfeit products have become commonplace. Last January, University Police arrested a vendor on campus after discovering he was selling counterfeit items illegally labeled as high-end brands. The vendor, who erected a tent on rented space adjacent to the Titan Bookstore, acknowledged the items were counterfeit. Often called imitation brands, these items bear a striking resemblance to genuine high-end brands and are often indistinguishable to untrained eyes. Many imitation brands even use the same copyrighted logos as their genuine counterparts. Even if admittedly sold as an imitation brand, “it’s still counterfeit,” said John Brockie, the investigations sergeant for the University Police. “They don’t have to present it as a real item” for it to be illegal, he said. Brockie said among the confiscated items were “purses, handbags, sunglasses, earrings, wallets and bracelets. If it were the actual manufactures like Coach, Fendi, Christian Dior or Louis Vuitton, if they were real, it would have been $135K in merchandise.”
Housing help for college faculty University Heights is part of a plan to help employees find homes
established as one of the first residential housing communities built for CSUF faculty and staff. University Gables is approximately 15 minutes from CSUF next to Los Coyotes Golf Course commuBy Ani Argalian nity. Summer Titan Staff Writer firstname.lastname@example.org The Housing Authority, a nonprofit corporation associated with University Heights is a new resi- CSUF, will administer the Univerdential community three miles away sity Heights program and oversee from campus which allows Cal construction, financing, sales, reState Fullerton faculty and staff to sales and community property manpurchase a home below the current agement. market price. Under the ground lease, hoThe 42 paired meowners pay homes – two sepground rent for arate homes built use of the land on one lot – are We’re trying to make and monthly fees located on a Ful- it easier for people to for maintenance lerton hilltop and of the complex. provide a view come and live in the Potential buyof the city. The area. ers can purchase homes are also loa University – Teri Fuller Heights home by cated within one Sales Representative submitting an inmile of downtown Fullerton terest application, and accessible to getting prequaliBrea Dam Recrefied for a mortational Park. gage, understanding all ground lease “We’re trying to make it easier for provisions and selecting a unit and people to come and live in the area,” signing a contract to purchase. said Teri Fuller, a sales representaThree floor plans are offered at tive. Fuller said that Southern Cali- University Heights. The first plan is fornia is a shock for individuals who a 1,706 square feet which sells in the come to live and purchase a home in high $400,000s. The second plan is the community. a 1,975 square feet which sells in the Bill Dickerson came up with the low $500,000s. The third plan is a idea of community housing. This 1,856 square feet which sells in the type of housing program was first mid $500,000s. experimented with at UC Irvine The houses also include nameand University Heights is based on brand appliances, plumbing, the concept of low-cost housing at fireplaces, fire sprinklers, energynearby campus locations. efficient roofing and central air conIn 2002, University Gables was ditioning and heating.
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Don Castro, CSUF administor, dies By Rachel Cannon Summer Titan Staff Writer email@example.com
“El respecto al derecho ajeno es la paz.” The quote from 1858 Mexican president Benito Juárez translates to “the respect for the rights of others means peace.” This was the favorite quote that Donald Castro, 66, adviser to Milton Gordon, liked to use when he gave educational and inspirational speeches. Castro, a man who was no stranger to the concept of respect and rights, died from a heart attack Monday on his way to a conference in Mexico. “He was very passionate about looking for ways to collaborate and assist Hispanic students and their college growth,” said Erika Blossom, senior, grant and contracts coordinator. Castro was adamant about developing grants and scholarships to help minority students attend college, such as the Mexico Training, Internships, Exchange and Scholarships program, which was the subject of the conference he was headed for on Monday. He was the team leader of the Study of Hispanic Student Success, which was a nation-wide study of campuses that had high Hispanic populations and how the campuses had made that possible. The strides Castro made in the education community did not go unnoticed in his career. He received a human rights award from the California Association of Human Relations Organization on January 9. Aside from the fight for minority student rights he was also a teacher and lover of history. “He was a true historian,” said his 25-year-old daughter Daniela Castro, a graduate of Cal State Fullerton. “We could talk for hours and he had an an-
swer for everything.” Besides his doctorate in history from UCLA he was also a Fulbright Scholar, but more then that he was father and husband to a happy family. “He was the best dad ever,” Daniela said. “He had a very sweet sense of humor, and could sometimes be corny, but he was very charming and comfortable to be around.” Castro was married for 37 years to his wife Connie, which according to Daniela, was a relationship so close that even trips to Target were exciting for them. “There is no other so understanding, compassionate and loving,” Connie said about her husband in an e-mail interview. “I cherish the memories we shared [and] my two wonderful daughters will keep his presence alive.” His other daughter, Antonia, 28, also a graduate of CSUF, is currently in Mexico with Victor Rojas, Castro’s assistant, taking care of final arrangements. “He was the voice for every CSUF Titan and such an advocate for the Cal State system,” Daniela said in an e-mail interview. “The loss will be felt by my family first and foremost, but secondly, the university will lose one of their most creative minds.” Castro’s death has left an impact on the CSUF campus and the Fullerton community as a whole. “We’ve been receiving lots of calls from Dr. Castro’s colleagues and friends on campus, at other CSU campuses and in the community, wanting to express their condolences and offering to contribute to the scholarship fund that is being set up in his honor,” said Mimi Ko Cruz, editor of Inside Magazine, in an e-mail interview. The funeral has been set for June 22 at 10 a.m. and will be held at Temple Beth Isreal in Pomona. A scholarship is being planned in Castro’s honor.
June 14, 2007
By Daniel Suzuki/for the Summer Titan Giving Recognition - Associated Director of Housing and Residence Life, Sharnette Underdue, holding her Outstanding Staff
For housing students, she now gets to house an award Employee Award outside her former office.
Sharnette Underdue won the Outstanding Staff award for dorm work
By Ani Argalian Summer Titan Staff Writer firstname.lastname@example.org
harnette Underdue, Jim Powell and Kathy Moore were recipients of the 2007 Outstanding Staff Employee Award distributed at Staff Recognition and Appreciation Day on June 1. “This program has been in existence for years,” CSUF President Milton Gordon said in a prepared statement. “Each year the bar is set higher with the exemplary performance of our winners.” An audience of more than 1,000 flooded Portola Pavilion at the Titan Student Union. Underdue said she remembers what an honor it was receiving the Titan Excellence Award about seven months ago, but was once again surprised when her name was announced as one of the three award winners. In 2002, Underdue served as resident community coordinator in student housing Phase II. The structure includes five new housing buildings on the north end of campus. Her dedication to CSUF student housing program earned her a promotion as acting associate director of housing and residence life the same day she was awarded. “I’ve only been in it for a week,” Underdue said with a laugh when asked about her new responsibilities as acting associate director. “It’s a transition period for me. I was ready for a new chapter
on my career.” “She was on the front lines, responAlthough Underdue has been work- sible for overseeing the general health ing under the new title of acting associ- and welfare of the students living on ate director for a short period of time campus,” Darlene Stevenson, director her many tasks include, but are not lim- of housing and residential life, said in ited to: organizing summer conferences, a prepared statement. “She’s done it advising the resident student association very well, and most of all, without comand managing budgets. plaints. We’re so proud of her.” The honoree is a huge proponent of Her new position no longer allows living on campus. Underdue feels the her and her husband to live on campus. benefits of campus housing are neces- The couple now reside in Anahiem. sary and helpful to Whereas before work a student’s academic was just a walk away, life. now Underdue must “It’s a unique drive her car and take environment,” Un- She was on the front the freeway to work. derdue said. “Stu- lines, responsible for “My friends make dents come from a fun of me saying that variety of back- overseeing the general I was spoiled before,” grounds.” health and welfare of Underdue said. “In Students can take terms of commuting advantage of study the students living on now I’m just like the sessions that may campus. She’s done rest of the world.” last until midnight. Before her move to very well. Individuals also have California, Underdue – Darlene Stevenson unlimited use various worked in student Director of housing and facilities on campus housing for two years residential life at Drew University such as the library or the Titan Student and two years at SeUnion. ton Hall University “People are going in New Jersey. through the same All recipithings,” Underdue said. ents were presented with checks Students live in close proximity to for $1,500 from the President Asone another forming a small commu- sociates, plaques, season tickets to nity. Individuals can relate to one an- CSUF sporting and cultural events and other because they share the same usual special parking passes. stresses of student life. Underdue said that her reward money Prior to her promotion Underdue is still sitting in her savings account. worked as a resident adviser overseeing She says that the rational side of her 10 staff members. knows she should spend the money on As resident adviser Underdue was something lasting, but the more sponallowed to live on campus in order to taneous side of her would immedmaintain a level of organization and iately take the money and go shoe shopstructure in the resident halls. ping.
June 14, 2007
A sweeter smoke, but is it better? By Jocelyn Loren Summer Titan Staff Writer email@example.com
ookah smoking – molasses, honey and fruit-soaked tobacco that takes on a cool, fruity taste when burned through a water pipe – has become a rapidly growing trend among college students across the nation. The hookah craze has even spawned hookah lounges, as they’re called. They’re popping up in droves in orbit around large college campuses. In Fullerton alone, there are three hookah establishments that offer the tasty tobacco. Many collegians who refuse to smoke cigarettes don’t mind gathering around a hookah pipe because it’s healthier than cigarettes – or so common misconceptions affirm. “I am pretty sure that hookah is better for you than cigarettes,” said Raylene Gonzalez, a fourth-year broadcast journalism major. “I have not seen any commercials on TV talking about the dangers of smoking hookah.” Kinesiology gradate student Alex Faris said he has had a friend urge him to try hookah because it’s not as bad for one’s health as cigarettes. “I’m skeptical, but she swears by it. She’s always telling me how great the flavor is and how fun it can be.” While the exotic social experience may lure college students in large numbers, many experts believe that, in reality, these establishments pose a serious public health concern. According to a recent study by the American Lung Association, hookah carries many of the same risks as cigarette smoking, including being linked to lung cancer and other lung diseases. The findings by the association showed that, because one hookah smoking session may last four to five times longer than it typically takes to smoke one cigarette, exposure to dangerous chemicals is actually increased with hookah use. “I love hookah,” said linguistics major Christen Madsen, who has studied Persian culture and smoked hookah for more than eight years. “It’s one of my favorite social pastimes, but hookah is much worse for you” than cigarettes. “Puff for puff, there’s less additives than a cigarette,” Madsen continued. “But since the smoke filters through water it’s a lot less harsh on the throat. Add to that the flavors, and you’re easily smoking for hours. It doesn’t help that it’s a lot of fun with more people.” Dr. Donald Gates of Kaiser Permanente said he believes health risks go beyond chemical additives. “In the end, you can argue the amount of nicotine and other harmful compounds contained in one smoke of hookah, but regardless of what’s in it, any time you’re introducing burning
By Cindy Cafferty/Summer Titan Photo Editor Left - Tony Jammal, Jessica Edwards
and Nicolas Dicrisci share a hookah Sunday night at Sultanas in Costa Mesa. Sultanas, located on 19th Street near the 55 Freeway, is a local favorite for its late hours and friendly atmosphere.
smoke into the lungs there are numerous major health risks involved,” he said. “The water may filter some substances but smoke will always contain carcinogens and soot and ash, which will saturate the lungs.” “That doesn’t surprise me,” said public relations major Jenilyn Pentecostes. “I don’t smoke cigarettes but I do like to hookah because it’s fun, but I just can’t do it. When I do, it feels like someone is standing on my chest. It really hurts.” The American Cancer Society has linked hookah to other risks that aren’t normally associated with cigarettes. Infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, which infects the lungs and other parts of the body; aspergillus, a fungus known to cause serious lung infections; and helicobacter, which contributes to stomach ulcers, may be spread by pipe sharing or the unregulated production of hookah tobacco. The cancer genetics and epidemiology department at Georgetown University led a recent study comparing the effects of hookah versus cigarette smoking. That study sampled cheek cells in both cigarette-only smokers and hookah-only smokers. It found both to display the same type and same severity of mouth damage. The Georgetown study also found the quick-burn charcoal, used in hookah by many college students for its convenience, produced additional health hazards such as greater levels of carbon monoxide. Both the Georgetown and the lung association studies also found those who smoked hookah were eight times more likely to experiment with cigarettes. “I tried hookah because I didn’t like the idea of cigarettes,” Bethy Clemons,
a fashion merchandising major at a Cal State Long Beach, said. “After a while, I started to hookah a lot, and when friends would take a cigarette break, I just started going with them.” “Next thing I know, I’m a cigarette smoker,” Clemons said. Hookah enthusiasts remain skeptical. Tony Jammal, owner of Sultana, a hookah lounge in Costa Mesa, disagreed with studies that finds hookah use to be as dangerous as cigarettes, calling them “misleading.” Jammal maintains hookah users smoke more of the fruit pulp, honey and molasses than the tobacco itself which results in less, if any, nicotine. “You’ll notice, a lot of people who smoke hookah take cigarette breaks after a while because they don’t get the nicotine high their brains needs,” he said. “There are a lot of variables,” Jammal explained. “It depends how the tobacco has been prepared and where it’s been prepared.” Jammal said that regulations in hookah tobacco production have yet to be standardized but maintains hookah smoking “isn’t that bad for you.” “It comes down to what kind of tobacco you use, to how often you clean your hookah, to what kind of charcoal you use … and, of course, how often you smoke it.” In response to the new studies claiming that hookah can be just as, if not more, hazardous to health than cigarettes, Jammal remains doubtful. “I don’t know many people that smoke [hookah] every single day. Yes, you smoke longer, but how often? If you smoke on weekends like most of my customers, I don’t see it adding up to more than the ‘pack a day’ many ciga-
rette smokers smoke.” Andrew Liscio, a marketing consultant and a regular customer at Sultana, started smoking hookah three years ago while attending Chapman College. “I like how you can smoke for a long time and every puff is smooth, not hot and harsh,” Liscio said. “I do smoke cigarettes now – which is unrelated to my hookah smoking – and I get all sorts of effects from cigarettes.” Liscio said hookah’s social appeal is what he finds most attractive. “I don’t do it often enough where I believe it can be even approach what the cigarettes are doing to me,” Liscio said. Jammal is quick to warn cigarette experimentation as a result of hookah
seems to be the exception rather than the norm. “I haven’t experienced anyone who smoked cigarettes because of smoking hookah,” he said. “I myself have smoked hookah for more than five years and haven’t had cravings for cigarettes at all. It takes years for chain cigarette smokers to get all those negative effects. Having a hookah, even if a few times a week, just doesn’t add up.” Though formal studies have shown the detrimental health effects of hookah smoking are comparable to that of cigarette smoking, the debate wages and the popular college past-time shows no sign of slowing.
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Parental Income Do the names Dina Lohan, Lynne Spears, Kathy Hilton ring any bells? Well, they should since they shove their faces in the cameras every chance they get. These stage moms look for the cameras, give interviews and profit off their famous wild-child kids. Dina Lohan took a camera crew from the entertainment show ET with her when she went to visit her daughter Lindsay Lohan during her first stint in rehab. Aren’t they supposed to be asking for privacy? She even worked as a correspondent for ET at the “Georgia Rule” premiere. Clearly it’s all about being in the spotlight for this mom. Kathy Hilton had the reality show “How to be a Hilton,” where she showed us how to live like the
rich and famous. News flash: nobody cares. Obviously it’s all about capitalizing on her daughter’s undeserving fame. Lynne Spears recently gave US magazine an interview on Britney’s “difficulties,” i.e., shaving her head and going in and out of rehab. Obviously she didn’t give that up for free. Maybe there’s a reason why Britney Spears cut her parents out of her life. We don’t pretend to set a standard for love. Nor do we pretend to understand how those families work. However, it seems clear that money is a prime factor in how these parents act. You’d think that they’d care more about what happened to their own daughters instead of using them for money. Maybe it’s time to start.
June 14, 2007
It’s cash, not race, that decides who plays ball By Bram Makonda Summer Titan Staff Writer firstname.lastname@example.org
Detroit Tigers outfielder Gary Sheffield’s latest remarks made on the current issue of GQ magazine rose more than just eyebrows when he questioned a growing problem in Major League Baseball. Sheffield said in the magazine “Latin players are afraid to talk,” therefore making them easier to control than African-American players. “They have more to lose than we do. You can send them back across the island. You can’t send us back. We’re already here,” Sheffield said. Clarifying what he meant by what he said, Sheffield said there is not enough support for black baseball players. “The subject was players of my race and what we deal with and why they don’t look in the inner cities for that same talent that they do in other places,” he said. “[Latin players] have a backing, a support when they come off the island, and black players don’t. As far as authority figures, we’re only going to respond to people who care about us,” Sheffield said. “That’s what I meant by it.” He went on to say that he meant
Inner-city children prefer basketball nothing derogatory by the statements and that teammate Carlos Guillen to baseball because the road to stardom is more accessible. High-school grads agreed with Sheffield’s comments. “I’m happy he said it,” Guillen told have an easier time making money out The Detroit Free Press on Tuesday. “I’m of high school through draft hypes and endorsements. glad somebody spoke up.” LeBron James, for example, is 22I’m happy he said it too. He may be years-old and is on blunt in his words the verge of cementto the magazine, but ing his status as one the game of baseball of the game’s greats. has changed since Sheffield’s skewed On the other the days of sandlot. Attend a little point of view has only hand, one can spend ten years in the mileague game and put him behind 60 nor leagues before you’ll know what I’m being called up, i.e. talking about. It’s all years at a time where Nathan Haynes of about who can af- diversity was not as the Los Angeles Anford the gear to play gels of Anaheim. baseball and whose rich as it is today in Basketball only parents are able to America’s past time. requires a ball and a fork up the money. hoop to play, whereas The problem is really in baseball, you need a financial one. a bat, glove, ball, helSheffield may think that the MLB prefers Hispanic met, catcher’s mask, batting gloves and players to black players because of the cleats to play competitively. A pick-up game in basketball can cultural barrier, but it really comes down to the loss of interest in the inner tune a player’s game faster than paying city. The MLB is not recruiting play- money to be in a league in baseball. The ers from the inner city because no one growth of baseball prospects in America is playing. Poverty stricken children are is experienced in the suburbs, not in the inner city. playing basketball instead, Chef. The MLB and Sheffield are aware of where the game is played in America and it is tied to financial reasons. But what Sheffield said about a group of people is out of line. Instead of sympathizing with his teammates, Sheffield becomes a self-proclaimed philosopher and makes generalizations of a group of people. Not all Latin players are easily controlled, not all black players will be confrontational. Someone needs to remind Sheffield of all the different people playing for the game today from different countries. The MLB has representatives from the Dominican Republic, Japan, Venezuela, Taiwan, Mexico, Guatemala, etc. Jackie Robinson would have been proud. Sheffield’s skewed point of view has only put him behind 60 years at a time where diversity was not as rich as it is today in America’s past time.
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June 14, 2007
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Congress’ war on ’net radio By Amy Robertson
Summer Titan Staff Writer email@example.com
D-Day is upon us. Although better known for marking the start of the Battle of Normandy on June 6, 1944, DDay has now been rescheduled to July 15, 2007, in the minds of many small Internet radio Webcasting companies. It is on this day that U.S. Webcasters will owe up to hundreds of thousands of dollars in artist royalties, forcing some to shut their World Wide Web doors and pushing many towards bankruptcy. Currently, Webcasters large and small pay royalties to the artists, record labels and songwriters of the songs they broadcast, which is far from the singular royalty terrestrial radio stations pay to only the songwriters. Internet companies can choose between paying a percentage of their revenue or paying a set rate per aggregated tuning hour. This means that if one person listens to an online Webcast for an hour, the company pays a small fee for that hour. If 10 people listen to that station for 10 hours each, the company pays for 100 hours. However, when those set guidelines for royalty payments recently expired, the Copyright Royalty Board came up with a new plan of action. Now Webcasters will have to pay a rate for each song played, with a minimum of $500 per channel they operate. The problem with the per-channel rate is that a Webcasting site may include dozens of different channels, which already are hard to define. According to the Radio and Internet Newsletter Web site for noncommercial Webcasters, “the fee will be $500 per channel, for up to 159,140 ATH [aggregate tuning hours] per month. They would pay the commercial rate for all transmissions above that number,” which may prove to be a problem for many popular public broadcasters such as KCRW, a Santa Monica-based public broadcast radio station. “KCRW has the largest online audience of any single terrestrial U.S. radio station,” said Sarah Spitz, the station’s publicity director and producer. “What we object to is that the CRB ruling does not distinguish between commercial and noncommercial web/broadcasters. Public broadcasting’s goal is to reach as many people as possible; this ruling punishes us financially for being successful.” The bad news for Webcasters like KCRW does not end there. These new guidelines are retroactive to Jan. 1, 2006. Meaning, on July 15, companies will owe for the past 15 months. “July 15th is a very important day. It’s the day things legally happen,” said Paul Maloney, editor of Radio and Internet Newsletter and vice president of programming for AccuRadio, an Internet radio Webcasting company. In 2006 alone, AccuRadio brought in a total revenue of $400,000. “If we were to still pay the royalties now, we would owe $12,000. No problem. We’d be fine,” Maloney said. “Under the new rates, for only 2006, we would owe $600,000. Do the math.” Because of a concept known as “willing buyer, willing seller,” the higher royalty payments are anything but a mere a nightmare for Webcasters. “Willing buyer, willing seller” was a change made by record labels to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act in regards to Internet copyright law. Because of this amendment, the Copyright Royalty Board “must ignore the effects [of royalty rates] and do everything in a hypothetical, imaginary marketplace with a multitude of copyright owners. Economists come in and come up with the rate. It’s unfortunate,” Maloney said. The effects these new rates have go far beyond the damaging costs Webcast-
ers will have to pay. Many lesser-known musicians may feel the aftermath too. “Small Webcasters are an asset to musicians because it’s a way of reaching an audience we would have never reached before. We see a financial benefit from the exposure, not from the royalties,” said Alexis Harte, a member of The Alexis Harte Band. “It’s penny wise, pound foolish,” Harte said. “ Labels are going for the nickels, but foregoing the dollars. We may get paid more, but in the larger context, if Webcasters don’t exist, we won’t get out there.” In response to what is about to occur on D-Day, an act has been introduced to the U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives. The Internet Radio Equality Act, created by Rep. Jay Inslee (D-Wash.), has already gained the support of 109 Congressional co-signers. The act proposes that Internet radio pay the same royalties that satellite radio does, which is 7.5 percent of total revenues. Although even with such an act out there and in the open, the possible DDay outcome of July 15th may very well still happen. “I don’t think that Internet radio will die on June 15th,” Spitz said. “However, a number of small, and possibly large, Webcasters may be priced out of the field and could go dark.” Maloney said AccuRadio will try to stay alive as long as possible. “Music is part of culture. It is a necessary part of what makes us human,” Maloney said. “It’s not going away. It will only become more available.”
June 14, 2007
Real blood money
Plasma and eggs have become sources of income for students By Jennifer Caddick Summer Titan Staff Writer firstname.lastname@example.org
Two rows of eight puffy turquoise reclining chairs line the middle of a sterilized room that’s lit by florescent lights. For many college students, some of whom visit twice weekly, this room is all too familiar. This hygienic place is part of the Grifols plasma collection center in Orange. Grifols is a facility that allows people to donate their plasma, the yellowish fluid component of blood, after which they are paid. “Because it takes a lot longer to donate plasma, people would be less likely to donate if you didn’t compensate them monetarily,” Grifols facility manager Chris Allen said. The Food and Drug Administration does not allow plasma centers to actually buy a person’s plasma, but it allows the company to compensate people for their time spent at the facility, Allen said. Money is exactly what drives students to Grifols, which pays donors various amounts of money depending on which program they partake in. A person donating normal-source plasma, which has no specialty antibodies, gets paid $25 per donation. Those involved in the tetanus program earn $30 per donation and people who get
into the Hepatitis B program, which interest when she was looking into it is the hardest to qualify for, get paid for herself. Although her sister felt $50 per donation. Grifols also offers the process was too risky, Wager debonuses of $50 to people who donate cided to go for the opportunity. six times. All of this is tax-free. The egg-harvesting agency gave Donation begins with a needle Wager an extensive application to fill being put a donor’s arm. A machine out and made her submit 20 to 30 hooked up to the needle separates the pictures of herself from all periods of red blood cells from the plasma. The her life. The company used this informachine is then able to give red blood mation to “put her on the market” for cells back to the person donating, Dr. people who are looking for a donor. Gorospe, a physician surgeon at Gri- Wager was chosen in a week. fols, said. A physical and mental examination Gorospe said he has seen an in- was required before Wager was started crease of people on hormone shots. donating. A third “I wasn’t scared of the new donors or nervous,” Waare college stuger said. “The only A lot of donors will dents. thing I didn’t like “A lot of donors tell me ‘I do this were the needles.” will tell me ‘I do to save lives’ ... but Once Wager was this to save lives’ or ready for retrieval, ‘I do this because I the real motivator is she went through want to give back money. a surgery. A long to the community’ needle was put but the real moti– Chris Allen up her vagina to vator is money,” puncture her ovaGrifols Facility Manager ries. Between 10 Allen said.
However, plasma isn’t the only body part people are willing to be separated from for cash. Breast milk, hair, sperm and female eggs can all be donated for cash incentives. Kristen Wager has donated her eggs twice and is currently in the middle of her third time. She has been paid $5,000, $7,000 and now $8,000 for her donations. Wager’s sister originally sparked her
and 20 eggs were extracted. The whole process leading up to the surgery lasted about two months, Wager said. “[I] only [felt emotional] because of the hormones, not because someone will have a ‘half me’ child,” Wager said. “That doesn’t bother me.” Although there is no legal limit to how often a woman can donate her eggs, Wager says this will be her last time.