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Opinion

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Media exaggerate West Nile virus threat 5

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Tuition hike under fire If bill is approved, it will affect nearly 30,000 students By ALI DORRI AND ASHLEY HEGLAR Daily Titan Staff

JACQUELINE LOVATO/Daily Titan

The Titans baseball team celebrates its 2004 College World Series championship with students, faculty and community leaders in the Quad on Tuesday.

CSUF honors baseball champs ASI honors Coach George Horton and the team for their victory By ASHLEE ANDRIDGE Daily Titan Staff

The Quad was filled with school spirit Tuesday as students gathered to celebrate the Titans baseball teamʼs 2004 NCAA National Championship victory. Baseball players lined the Quad in orange and blue uniforms while members of Student Affairs and Associated Students Inc. provided free hot dogs and raffles for those in

attendance. The five-time National Champion Dance Team performed and Tuffy the Titan gave away free T-shirts. ASI honored Head Coach George Horton and the team with a resolution commending their championship. Dean of Students Kandy Mink said celebrating the teamʼs national championship is very important. “The Cal State Fullerton Titan baseball team reached an outstanding milestone in their national championship victory at the College World Series in June,” she said. “The campus community wants to congratulate them on their hard

work and well-deserved success.” For those Titans who havenʼt heard the news, this summer the team won their fourth national championship in Omaha, Neb. Ricky Romero, a pitcher for the team, said they are ready to go for another national championship. “The dream for all of us is to go back there again,” Romero said. But for now, Romero said, his team will continue to work hard and get better every day. “Donʼt worry about the results of the game,” Romero said. “Stick with the process and take it one pitch at a time.” Assistant Coach Rick Vanderhook

experienced the win with his team. “It was unbelievable to feel what we achieved,” Vanderhook said. “This was the best team effort from players, managers, trainers and coaches that I have ever been a part of.” However, Vanderhook said he realizes it takes more than talent to win a College World Series. It also takes “heart, focus and attitude,” he said. “The team learned all three midway through the year.” The College World Series win is the first for Horton. Horton, once a student at Cal State Fullerton, said BASEBALL 3

Anaheim could host next RNC Mayor hopes to bring political convention to Southern California By ERIC GOMEZ Daily Titan Staff

The city of Anaheim is one of the three cities competing to be the next host of the Republican National Convention for the 2008 election, along with Tampa Bay and Atlanta. The city and its mayor, Curt Pringle, are spearheading the movement to bring the National Convention to Anaheim. Pringle said the city is capable of hosting the event for the Republican

or Democratic Party. “Anaheim is a convention city,” Pringle said. The city is in its beginning stages of preparation to compete for either convention to come to Orange County, Pringle said. He also said that even Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger “has told a number of folks that he would support having it in Anaheim.” The largest convention that Anaheim currently hosts takes place at the Anaheim Convention Center for the National Association of Music Merchants, with over 70,000 people participating in the event each year. NAMM will continue to come to the Anaheim Convention Center for

its annual event until 2010, Pringle said, “so, this is something we can do.” Much of the cityʼs revenues, Pringle said, come from these kinds of events. John Nicoletti, Anaheim public information officer, said he also believes that the city is the premiere place for a convention. “Weʼre used to dealing with large crowds,” Nicoletti said. “Conventions and large events are no stranger to Anaheim.” Nicoletti said that the 30 to 40 thousand people who attended this yearʼs Democratic and Republican National Conventions in Boston and New York include nearly the same amount of people that attend

The Associated Press

SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Authorities intercepted a letter bound for Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger that had been rigged to ignite when opened, one of 19 such letters sent to governors around the country since last week. Three of the letters found earlier caught fire, but no one has been injured. The letter to Schwarzenegger was spotted Monday by screeners who routinely inspect letters intended for the governor and other members of the stateʼs executive branch at a

California Highway Patrol center in West Sacramento, CHP spokesman Tom Marshall said. Schwarzeneggerʼs office had no comment Tuesday. Letters to other states postmarked from Las Vegas have featured a return address from Nevadaʼs maximum-security Ely State Prison. Authorities said they were interviewing correctional officers and inmates at the prison and have narrowed their investigation to “a person of interest.” Marshall said authorities initially decided “because of the security issue” not to announce the interception. But the CHP confirmed the letter Tuesday after receiving numerous calls asking about bombs and terrorist materials allegedly intended for the governor.

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Group promotes human rights Amnesty International spotlights human rights issues in Afghanistan By BRITTANY KUHN Daily Titan Staff

Members of human rights organizations banned together Tuesday to combat student apathy. Surrounding local chapters of Amnesty International held an event yesterday in University Hall that highlighted human rights issues in Afghanistan and stressed international awareness among Cal State Fullerton students. “I hold in my hand a weapon,” said Kevin Gaffney, Amnesty International trainer and opening speaker, holding a pen in hand. “I am a member of Amnesty International but I am also a human. My pen is my weapon of hope, not destruction.” Gaffney was referring to the purpose of the organizationʼs event. By exhibiting traditional food, conducting a panel discussion

RAQUEL SABOOR/For the Daily Titan

Ruth Schapen gives support to the Afghanistan Relief Organization.

and viewing a film produced in Afghanistan, speakers urged event attendees to pick up a pen and start writing. The key reason for the event was to encourage the public to write letters to politicians and influential organizations in order to make a difference in the fight for human AMNESTY 3

Hispanic culture celebrated

Governors targeted in mail bomb scare

Authorities intercept rigged letter sent to Schwarzenegger

an Angels baseball game. “We get that almost every night,” he said. Pringle said the convention would take place at the Arrowhead Pond with additional meeting places at the Anaheim Convention Center and that hotels around the area would also be utilized. He did say however that the convention would cause other unique concerns. “Security would be the biggest concern, but we would have a number of years to plan and prepare for that,” Pringle said. “We would need a lot of resources and support. We believe there would be enough.” Pringle said the city would rely

California State University trustees decided to postpone todayʼs vote on tuition increases until the Oct. 28 meeting. Mona Mohammadi, Cal State Fullerton Associated Students Inc. executive vice president, said it was postponed because of the heated debate surrounding the proposal. If approved, the policy would raise tuition by up to 10 percent every year until 33 percent of what it costs to educate each student is matched. According to an article in Tuesdayʼs Orange County Register, CSU students are currently covering

21 percent of their education costs. California Student Associate Chairman Manolo Platin, who attends Humboldt State, estimates that the 10 percent increase would take 10 years to meet quota, Mohammadi said. Yesterday the trustees said the tuition raise is necessary due to budget cuts and the increase of students at CSUs. The new costs will affect about 30,000 Fullerton students, Mohammadi said, and the gradual increase is financially more feasible for students than increasing tuition all at once like last yearʼs sudden raise. However, not everyone in ASI is in agreement. CSU fees have already gone up 48 percent since 2002 and Patty Azimi, ASI board of directors member, said she worries this is becoming too

Diversity and customs shared across U.S. during heritage month By BRITTANY KUHN Courtesy of Mike Bedford

The governor, shown at a local mall in July, was unharmed. Other governors targeted so far include those in Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. In addition to the 13 Republican and six Democratic governors, Nevadaʼs corrections director received a booby-trapped letter. U.S. Postal officials said sending a letter intended to harm the recipient is a federal felony, with a possible prison sentence up to 20 years.

Daily Titan Staff

Beginning on Sept. 15, Cal State Fullertonʼs Chicano Studies Department will celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month with an event that will commemorate Latin American countriesʼ independence from Spain. On-campus organization MEChA, which stands for Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlan, will be hosting “United In Our Independence” in the Titan Student Union Pavilion on Sept. 25. Carolyn Torres, MEChA chair and senior history major, said the event, which will include Peruvian and Honduran dancers, free food

and keynote speaker Professor Ray Reyes from the Chicano Studies Department, will be open to anyone interested in Hispanic culture, regardless of ethnicity. “It is all culturally significant,” Torres said. “There is a lot of pride involved.” Despite the fact that HispanicAmericans make up the countryʼs largest race or ethnic minority, they are still highly underrepresented today, Torres said. “I wish there were more cultural and community events,” Torres said. “MEChAʼs event is the only one planned on campus that I know of. I think people need to put more things on, so we can celebrate what our culture is about.” Not to be confused with Cinco de Mayo, which is a commemoration of a battle between Mexico and the French army, Hispanic heritage is a month-long celebration of freedom,

highlighting Sept. 15 as the day of Latin independence. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15, nearly 40 million HispanicAmericans across the nation will commemorate their culture and traditions during the course of this celebration. “What theyʼre celebrating is their independence from Spain,” said Chicano Studies Professor Nancy Porras Hein. “Thatʼs why September is a particularly important event in the Hispanic community.” This month signifies the appreciation of an ethnic minority that is trying to overcome decades of discrimination, Porras Hein said. In the 1930s, Hispanic-Americans could not enjoy swimming in pools until the day before the pool was to be cleaned. As a result of this HERITAGE 3


2 Wednesday, September 15, 2004

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Today SEPT. 15, 2004

Kickin’ it

B

Sistertalk, a luncheon titled “Committed to Carving the Road to Your Success,” sponsored by Cal State Fullertonʼs Women Center, will take place in the Titan Student Union Pavilion from noon to 2:30 p.m. Additional information may be obtained by calling (714) 278-3928.

Bush making gains in battleground states

Toss your partner round nʼ round while learning the basics of the allAmerican art of square dance with the Orange Coast Lariats Square Dance Club from 7:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. at the First Christian Church in Orange. Driving directions and additional information may be obtained by calling (714) 921-8558.

WASHINGTON — President Bush has been solidifying his gains in states that once were dead heats, forcing both partiesʼ campaigns to alter strategies as the electoral battleground shrinks. Democrat John Kerry is struggling to stay afloat in some hotly contested states, including Missouri, Wisconsin and Ohio, where polls show Bush pulling ahead. Ohio, with 20 electoral votes, went for Bush in 2000 but economic issues this year should be helping Kerry, Democrats suggest. Unemployment in Ohio stands at 5.9 percent, above the national average of 5.4 percent.

The CSU Board of Trustees will be recognizing the Titan Baseball teamʼs championship victory at Cal State Long Beach.

CIA nominee sheds past partisanship WASHINGTON — President Bushʼs nominee to head the CIA promised Tuesday to shed his political past and provide precise, objective and independent intelligence to the president and Congress. But he also cautioned it may take longer than the past CIA directorʼs estimate to hire and train all the operatives needed worldwide to combat terrorism and other threats. “I have made a commitment to nonpartisanship,” retiring Rep. Porter Goss, R-Fla., told the Senate Intelligence Committee at his confirmation hearing. He conceded that during his 16 years in Congress he may “at times” have engaged in debate with too much vigor.

Associated Students, Inc. presents the music of Books on Tape, noon in the Becker Amphitheater. Raised on punk rock, Todd Matthew Drootin got turned on to electronic music and hip-hop in the nineties. A former member of electro-pioneers Subverse, Todd went solo under the name Books on Tape.

Evacuees flee New Orleans ahead of Ivan NEW ORLEANS — More than 1.2 million people in metropolitan New Orleans were warned to get out Tuesday as 140-mph Hurricane Ivan churned toward the Gulf Coast, threatening to submerge this below-sea-level city in what could be the most disastrous storm to hit in nearly 40 years. About three-quarters of a million more people along the coast in Florida, Mississippi and Alabama also were told to evacuate.

State Mendocino residents say weed stinks UKIAH, Calif. — The scent of ripening marijuana from legally sanctioned medical marijuana gardens is prompting a growing number of complaints, according to Mendocino County air quality officials. As the pot-harvesting season nears its peak, the smell from marijuana gardens grows stronger. A dozen odor complaints have been made so far, double what was reported last year, said local Air Pollution Control Officer Dean Wolbach. The uproar over odors from legal marijuana gardens is the latest flap to erupt since Proposition 215, the voter-approved measure that legalized the cultivation and personal use of pot for medical reasons, was approved in 1996. Under county medical marijuana guidelines, a card-carrying pot grower can cultivate up to 25 plants.

Drummer Buttrey, 59, dies of cancer NASHVILLE, Tenn. — Drummer Kenny Buttrey, who recorded hits with Bob Dylan, Neil Young and Jimmy Buffett, died Sunday. He was 59. Family members said he died of cancer at his home. Buttrey worked much of his career in Nashville recording studios, providing the percussion for albums including Dylanʼs “Nashville Skyline” and “Blonde on Blonde,” and Youngʼs “Harvest.” Reports compiled from The Associated Press

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JACQUELINE LOVATO/Daily Titan

The five-time national champion Titan dance team kicks up its support for the 2004 national champion baseball team, who were honored in the Quad on Tuesday, Sept. 14. The baseball team was recognized for its College World Series victory with plaques and speeches. The dance team pepped up the rally as students, faculty and community leaders cheered for the Titans.

Events

IN HISTORY

Monday, Sept. 13

Born in 1886, Robert Robinson conducted research in plant pigments, alkaloids and phenanthrene derivatives. Robinson is famous for winning the Nobel Prize in 1947 for his investigations on plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids. B. B. Cunningham and L. B. Werner isolate the first microscopic amount of americium (Am, 95), at wartime Metallurgical Laboratory, University of Chicago (1945).

where theyʼd hoped to have the concert. (The show eventually went on in Bethel, N.Y., about 50 miles away.) It was 1969, the last year of the tumultuous ʼ60s. Few words conjure up so well the free spirit of that decadeʼs counter-culture movement. Hurricane Edna, the second to hit New York City in 1954, causes $50 million in damages. Mary Ann Fischer, of Aberdeen, S.D., gives birth to Americaʼs first surviving quintuplets, four girls and a boy (1963). “60 Minutes” broadcasts for the first time on CBS-TV (1968).

Margaret Chase Smith (R-Maine) is elected senator, becoming the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress (1948).

Rembrandtʼs “Nightwatch” is slashed and damaged in Amsterdam (1975).

Tuesday, Sept. 14

In 1943, Lejzor Stolicki, the chief of the Jewish ghetto police who continuously helped the Jewish partisans in the forest, is killed in the ghetto of Lida, Poland. The Jews who remain in the ghetto are murdered, but 300 Jewish partisans who join the Soviets in fighting the Nazis will survive the Holocaust.

Thirty-five years ago, as fighting raged in Vietnam, a group of hippies and 400,000 of their soul mates converged on a dairy farm in New York state for three days of frolicking in the spirit of peace, love and music. Organizers called it “Woodstock,” after the Catskill Mountains town

TUITION

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commonplace. “It feels like itʼs a given that prices will increase,” she said. “Itʼs really sad students are trying to get somewhere but have to suffer because of high costs.” Praramy Manirasith, human services major, said she also disagrees with the proposed policy and does not see any bright side to it. “I think itʼs a horrible idea,” Manirasith said. “I donʼt have to worry about it because I am not coming back, but it sucks for people

Wednesday, Sept. 15

coming back.” Manirasith said she takes issue with the increases because she does not think it is of any redeeming value. “I donʼt see where the money is going,” Manirasith said. “Just recently Fullerton turned away students that were originally accepted, but got pushed to community colleges because there was not enough money.” Manirasith, who works for Mt. San Antonioʼs community collegeʼs admissions office, said she deals with students who had to settle for a community college. Being told they

Four children are killed in a bombing of a black Baptist church in Birmingham, Ala. (1963). Ted Weiss, despite dying on Sept. 14, wins the congressional seat in New York City (1992).

Thursday, Sept. 16

Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage (1913). On this day in 1940, Hitler postpones indefinitely “Operation Sea Lion,” the German plan for invading the British Isles. The Luftwaffe has lost over 1,800 aircraft and 2,500 crewmen, compared to British losses of 1,000 aircraft and 500 crewmen, during the Battle of Britain. Vichy France agrees to Japanese air bases in Indochina.

Friday, Sept. 17

In 1998, David “Gypsy” Chain is killed by a tree cut down by employees of the Pacific Lumber/Maxxam Corporation. Chain was in the forest protesting the destruction of some of the last remaining old-growth redwood trees in the world. (from CNN, ecotopia.com, Time Magazine, brainyhistory.com and organiclife.com)

were accepted and then being denied was very unfair to them, she said. Fortunately for art major Judd Esorininos, he said he does not have to worry about the increase. “I have financial aid, I donʼt have to worry about it,” he said. Not everyone has financial aid though and, according to the Register, the average CSUF student works 30 hours a week, and “tuition increases mean students must either work more hours or incur more debt.” Azimi said that if students are really concerned with the policy, they should contact Lobby Corp., a subdivision of ASI whose responsibility is to lobby against legislation. “I donʼt think [the tuition increase] is necessary at all,” Azimi said. “Itʼs horrible that we have to end up suf-

The L.A. County Fair presents Monster Truck Madness, 8 p.m. at the Fairplex. The Grandstand will burn with the intensity and dirtflying excitement of 10,000-pound machines with 20,000-horsepower and the high-flying exhilaration of monster truck competition. Scheduled to provide the behemoth truck action is Bounty Hunter, Monster Patrol, Scarlet Bandit, Bear Foot, McGruff, Jurassic Attack and Maniac. The alternate is Captain America. Student Leadership Institute Orientations will be taking place on the El Toro Campus in Room 152. The sessions are at noon and 1:30 p.m. It’s time to get down at the El Toro ASI Block Party in the El Toro Courtyard this Wednesday from 3 p.m. to 7 p.m. Jump around! Today is the deadline to apply for TSU office space for student organizations. TSU 269 by 4 p.m.

Weather

FORECAST

Wednesday, Sept. 15 Partly Cloudy Low 62°

80°

Thursday, Sept. 16 Partly Cloudy Low 61°

81°

Friday, Sept. 17 Sunny Low 58°

81°

Compiled from The Weather Channel

fering for it.” The California Legislature passed AB2710 in August and if approved by Gov. Schwarzenegger, it would keep CSU and University of California undergraduate costs from rising more then 8 percent a year. According to the Register, “Students believe [Schwarzenegger] will veto it, since it differs from the compact he made last spring with UC and CSU raise fees 14 percent this year, then 10 percent afterwards.” Public Relations major Amin Seirafi said students have to look at the big picture before they get too upset. “I understand the reasoning behind it,” Seirafi said. “Do I like it? No, but California is still one of the cheapest states to get educated in.”


NEWS

Daily Titan

Wednesday, September 15, 2004 3

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AMNESTY

HERITAGE

rights. Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights. Kristina Elali, who has been involved with the movement for over 12 years and volunteers with a group in Irvine, said the event was “an opportunity to share with the community and all activists what is going on in Afghanistan.” She added that “there hasnʼt been a lot of information out there and there is a strong interest with various Amnesty groups as well as other activist groups.” Outside the entrance of the lecture hall, volunteers sold clothing that women from Afghanistan handcrafted in their recently developed Tech Center. This center, one of Amnesty Internationalʼs most recent projects fully funded by donations, now educates over 300 students, most of whom are illiterate women. “Look at the individual stitching,” said Judith Sepull, a former “typical mom” turned advocate for human rights, as she delicately held a cloth fabric in her hands. “It took a woman a whole month of her life to make this, so we cherish it.” Sepull, who has been a volunteer for three years, said an Afghan woman might only receive the equivalent of a dollar for her monthʼs work. In order to support women in need, the organization buys the womenʼs work from the Tech Center for $10 and sells it at events for $15. Serving as a visual example of womenʼs oppression in Afghanistan, “Living Osama,” the first film produced in Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban, was shown. The movie, which is the 2004 winner of the Golden Globe for Best Foreign Film, illustrates the story of a young girl who is forced to disguise herself as a boy in order to work for her widowed mother. “Watching ʻOsamaʼ was very educating,” said biology major Lily Prado. “Itʼs hard to believe we take so many freedoms in the United States for granted. Seeing that movie made me realize I should be very thankful to live here in this country and do as much as I can to help others that arenʼt as fortunate.” In addition to the film, panelists spoke to the audience about vital topics relating to Afghanistan, like security issues, democratic elections, the history of the governmentʼs impact on the womenʼs movement and a recent relief trip to the Kabul and Bamiyan regions. Alex Bowley, a CSUF junior economics major, was present at the event and is involved in a CSUF Amnesty International chapter that thrived in the 1970s and has recently been revived. Bowley, who spent the first 18 years of his life living in Colombia and moved to California to go to school, said he understands how important a countryʼs human rights are for the people who inhabit it. “My main goal is to use the opportunity that I got to come to the U.S. and study; to try to help my country to solve its human rights problems; [and] also working toward improvement of human rights in general,” Bowley said.

treatment, “many parents decided they would turn their back and not teach their children Spanish and adhere only to American culture,” she said. Porras Hein said she has her students conduct studies of their family history because she feels it is essential for students of Latin descent to understand where they came from. “One of the problems HispanicAmericans have is there is a disconnect,” Porras Hein said. She added that “after so many years in the U.S., they lose touch. Mexico has a very important and long history. Itʼs amazing for students who have never heard about their history to develop pride in that.” Esiquio Uballe, associate dean of student life, said he believes Hispanic-Americans need to con-

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CONVENTION from page 1

on public safety assistance from all over the county. Nicoletti said that the Anaheim Police Department, along with the California Highway Patrol, the Orange County Sheriffʼs Department and surrounding counties would most likely work with the Secret Service and the Department of Homeland Security to create a “comprehensive security plan for Anaheim and its venues.” Alan Saltzstein, chair of the Political Science Department at Cal State Fullerton, said the Republican Party chose New York to host this yearʼs convention because of the image of Sept. 11. He said the Democrats liked Boston because itʼs a highly Democratic city. “I think it would be a tough sell for Democrats,” Saltzstein said, because the city of Anaheim is heavily conservative.

tinue to unify and represent their heritage, which is what Hispanic Heritage Month is about. “When you are on a large university campus, most of the time there is a large Hispanic presence,” Uballe said. “Just about all major university campuses have Hispanic groups. Hispanic Heritage Month commemorates our history and culture and brings us together,” he said. Uballe, who is a third-generation Latin American born in Texas, said, “In our own way, we feel Mexican. In other ways we feel American, although we are not accepted by either culture. Thatʼs an identity crisis for our students. The recognition of this celebration reinforces these cultural ties.” Tammy Camacho, CSUF Chicano Resource Center coordinator, said she agrees with Uballeʼs emphasis on educating students about their heritage.

“We need to preserve our culture by passing on the traditions to the next generations so they can have a sense of culture and ethnic identity,” Camacho said. “We need to teach the youth who they are.” Angelica Ceja, a CSUF student majoring in Chicano studies with a minor in Spanish, said she recognizes this need for cultural awareness. “It is important for everyone to be culturally knowledgeable of ethnic races,” said Ceja, who is involved in Mesa Cooperativa, an organization “uniting and promoting Chicano students on campus.” She said she urges students of all ethnicities to celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month. “There are other ethnicities out there, especially regarding culture,” Ceja said. “It’s about learning and being exposed.”

Crying out for independence JACQUELINE LOVATO/Daily Titan

Vinnie Pestano, John Curtis and Ricky Romero receive championship hot dogs at the Titans baseball celebration in the Quad on Tuesday.

A short history of Mexicoʼs fight for freedom By SIERRA WEBB Daily Titan Staff

BASEBALL

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he remembers walking through the Quad seeing athletics being recognized. Now itʼs his team that is getting the praise. “Reflecting back on when I was a student many years ago makes it even more special,” he said. The Titans went into the College World Series as underdogs. However, once they made it to the championships they played each game pitch by pitch, Horton said, adding that it was the procedure they used to play their games that put them at the top. “The process with which we competed, I will remember my whole life,” Horton said.

Horton said he and the team plan to stick with the same process for the 2005 baseball season. The coach said he also gives a lot of credit to the playersʼ attitudes because they gave respect to everyone they came in contact with. “They just do everything the way you would want your son or daughter to do it and they didnʼt let winning get in the way of that,” Horton said. The day after the team won the championship game they went to a childrenʼs hospital to sign autographs. “Instead of being selfish and saying ʻwe donʼt have time for thatʼ or ʻwe would rather party,ʼ they wanted to do that to reach out to those youngsters,” Horton said.

Car bomb kills 59, 150 more injured Insurgents target Iraqi police with gun ambush and explosion The Associated Press

BAGHDAD, Iraq — Guerrillas bombed a Baghdad shopping street full of police recruits and fired on a police van north of the capital Tuesday in attacks that killed at least 59 people and struck at the heart of the U.S. strategy for fighting Iraqʼs escalating insurgency. The car bombing and shooting — the latest in violence that has killed nearly 150 people in three days — were part of an increasingly brazen and coordinated campaign to bring the battle to Baghdad, sowing chaos in the center of authority for Prime Minister Ayad Allawi and his American allies. Insurgents appear to have only grown deadlier since Allawiʼs interim government took power in June, despite U.S. claims that Iraqi security forces are showing more resolve against insurgents. The mounting attacks aim to wreck the centerpiece of the U.S. plan for defeating the militants: building a strong Iraqi security force able to bring some calm before elections slated for January. Doing so is also a key prerequisite for any withdrawal of American troops. The Tawhid and Jihad group, headed by Jordanian militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, posted a Web statement claiming responsibility for Tuesdayʼs car bombing. The alQaida-linked group launched a surprise assault in Baghdad on Sunday, killing dozens, and boasted it had the upper hand in the fight against the Americans. Tuesday evening, another loud explosion rocked Baghdad near the Green Zone, where Iraqʼs interim government and the U.S. Embassy are located. There was no immediate word on the cause. The morning car bombing was the deadliest single attack in Baghdad in

six months, wrecking buildings and cars on central Haifa Street, leaving charred bodies and hurling body parts, shoes and debris into nearby trees and homes. The blast ripped through stores where Iraqis were shopping and cafes where men applying for the police force were sipping tea and escaping the summer heat as they waited their turn to sign up at the nearby western Baghdad police headquarters. The 47 dead included would-be police recruits and civilians. At least 114 people were wounded, Health Ministry spokesman Saad Al-Amili said. In Baqouba, northeast of the capital, gunmen in two cars opened fire Tuesday on a van carrying policemen, killing 11 officers and a civilian, said Qaisar Hamid of Baqouba General Hospital. Also Tuesday, clashes between U.S. troops and insurgents killed at least eight civilians and wounded 18 in Ramadi, a predominantly Sunni Muslim city west of the capital where anti-American sentiments are high. The military said Tuesday that three American soldiers were killed and eight wounded in separate attacks in Iraq in the past 24 hours. Further highlighting the chaotic situation, electricity was knocked out across the country when saboteurs blew up an oil pipeline junction in northern Iraq, sparking a fire that set off a chain reaction in power generation systems. In Cairo, the head of the Arab League warned that “the gates of hell are open in Iraq and the situation is getting more complicated and tense.” Amr Moussa appealed to Arab countries “to help Iraq to overcome this crisis.” Despite the violence, U.S. and Iraqi forces claimed two successes in recent days. U.S. troops on Tuesday ended their siege of the northwest city of Tal Afar, saying IRAQ 4

In September 1810 Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla called for an end to the Spanish rule in Mexico that lasted for nearly 300 years. Previous to the Spaniardsʼ conquest in the 1500s, Mesoamericans had developed highly sophisticated civilizations in Central America. Tribes of Olmec, Maya and Aztecs ruled the area for 3,000 years. A movement toward Mexican independence gained steam as Napoleon began his conquest of Spain. The Criollos, Mexican-born Spaniards such as Hidalgo, had been planning to resist Spanish rule by convincing Criollo army officers to claim allegiance to the defeated King Ferdinand, thereby severing their allegiance to the Spanish-born officers.

The plot was uncovered when dissenting officers reported the revolutionary movement to their superiors and a priest was informed in a confessional. Hidalgo was targeted for arrest on Sept. 13, but an adventurous army officer, Ignacio Allende, chose to warn Hidalgo and arrived the morning of Sept. 16, 1810. In the dawn of that fateful morning, Hidalgo summoned the people of a small town named Dolores by ringing a bell used to gather his congregation. He then called on them to rise up in arms against the two factions. One apparent target were the French “heretics” who had been living in Spain since 1808 and were considered a threat to further colonization. The brunt of the physical attack came upon the Spanish-born already living in America, the Gachupines. The end of the war witnessed thousands slaughtered across Mexico. Over 50,000 men joined Hidalgo within a month and marched towards

Mexico City, destroying the cities of San Miguel, Celaya and Guanajuato along the way. Although Hidalgo ordered them to retreat shortly before reaching the city, he was tried and executed by the Inquisition in July of 1811. Independence was declared in 1810 and recognized by the Spanish viceroy in 1821. Hidalgoʼs decree can still be remembered as the Grito de Dolores, the “cry of Dolores,” signifying the town from whence the revolution started where Hidalgo rung the bell. Dolores also means sorrow and so the famous phrase is also translated as the “cry of pain,” suggesting the pain of Spanish rule. The Republic of Mexico didnʼt declare Sept. 16 its national Independence Day until 1825. At midnight every Sept. 15, the president of Mexico repeats the words of Hidalgo and rings the same bell, which is now hanging at the National Palace in Mexico City. Many Mexicans shout the “grito,” honoring the struggle for freedom.


4 Wednesday, September 15, 2004

IRAQ

from page 3

they had cleared it of militants after 12 days of fighting that killed dozens of people. And on Thursday, U.S. troops entered Samarra, north of Baghdad, for the first time since May 30 after negotiating a deal with local leaders. The city had been a stronghold of Sunni insurgents. U.S. commanders insisted attacks like Tuesdayʼs wonʼt deter Iraqis from joining the police and Iraqi national guard to help end the violence. “Iʼm pretty sure that itʼs not driving them away, it may in fact have the opposite reaction and strengthen their resolve to join the Iraqi forces,” said Lt. Col. Steven Boylan, spokesman for coalition forces in Iraq. “They are tired of the killings and the bombings.” Crowds at the scene of the Baghdad explosion pumped their fists in the air and directed their anger against the United States and Allawi for failing to protect the station even though police recruiting points have repeatedly been attacked. “Bush is a dog,” they chanted. “Such places were targeted before,” said Ali Abul-Amir, who had been waiting to join the police

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force. “I blame Ayad Allawiʼs government for what happened because they did not take the necessary security measures.” With medical teams overwhelmed, residents covered burned bodies with blankets and lay them on stretchers. Others collected severed hands, arms and legs and put them into cardboard boxes. Some directed their anger at the militants. “Such acts cannot be considered part of the resistance (against American forces). This is not a jihad, they are not mujahedeen,” said Amir Abdel Hassan, a teacher. “Iraq is not a country, itʼs a big graveyard.” With Allawi in power and January elections approaching, U.S. commanders have said they are stepping up the training and arming of Iraqʼs security forces. The U.S. military has been training Iraqi police and the Iraqi Civil Defense Corps members for more than 18 months. The forcesʼ weakness were highlighted in April, when police largely abandoned their stations in the face of an uprising by Shiite militiamen in Baghdad and southern cities. When the militia rose up again last month, U.S. forces did most of the fighting. Iraqi police on duty numbered 31,300 in July, the last month for which figures are available. That is

down from 90,803 in May. Some were sent for retraining, some were killed and others were removed for supporting the insurgency. Attacks on Iraqi security forces and police officers have killed hundreds of people in the 17 months since insurgents began their campaign to expel U.S.-led forces. Interior Ministry spokesman Sabah Kadhim acknowledged that authorities were finding it increasingly difficult to find safe places to train recruits. “Certainly thereʼs an escalation in the operations to damage the country,” he said. He insisted attacks would not scare off Iraqis seeking to join the police but conceded that a lot of work still needed to be done. “We started from scratch and we need time,” Kadhim said. But analysts were less certain. “These attacks threaten Iraqi confidence in these (government) institutions,” said Bathseba Crocker of the New York-based Center for Strategic and International Studies. Crocker also said the stepped up attacks in Baghdad were likely part of deliberate strategy. “No security in Baghdad means there is no security in the country ... it (the attacks) signifies that it is growing in sophistication and organization,” she said.

that soldiers murdered a baby, raped women and girls and forced people out of their homes to clear the pipelineʼs route during the 1990s. The case against the oil and gas giant is considered a key test among human rights activists seeking to hold multinational corporations responsible in U.S. courts for alleged atrocities committed abroad. On Tuesday, Superior Court Judge Victoria Gerrard ruled the case can proceed before a jury. “Unocal is going to have to stand before a jury of 12 people and defend the despicable conduct which literally destroyed the lives of tens of thousands,” said plaintiffsʼ attorney Dan Stormer. Chaney rejected Unocalʼs arguments that the case be dismissed because the companyʼs subsidiaries should have been the real targets.

Unocal also has denied that human rights abuses occurred during the project. Earlier this year, Chaney sided with Unocal when she ruled that the companyʼs overseas subsidiaries, which built and operate the pipeline, should have been sued instead, because they were real companies that could be held liable. The statute of limitations to sue the subsidiaries involved in the project has expired. Daniel Petrocelli, lead trial counsel for Unocal, had argued that the case should be dismissed following Chaneyʼs earlier ruling. On Tuesday, Chaney ruled that the plaintiffs could pursue their case before a jury under a legal theory that the subsidiaries acted as Unocalʼs agents. The case was first filed in Los Angeles federal court in 1996. A

David’s resting place

SEAN ANGLADO/Daily Titan

Jamie Hacker, a graduate student workign on her multiple-subject teaching credential, studies behind the fallen David statue located on the west library lawn.

Unocal linked to Asian villagers’ enslavement Debates spark over Judge allows Myanmar human rights suit against Unocal to proceed The Associated Press

LOS ANGELES - A state judgeʼs ruling Tuesday kept alive a human rights lawsuit that claims energy giant Unocal Corp. should be held liable for the alleged enslavement of villagers during construction of a gas pipeline in Southeast Asia. The lawsuit alleges that soldiers in Myanmar, an isolated country also known as Burma, forced male villagers to help build the $1.2 billion Yadana pipeline into Thailand. El Segundo-based Unocal was a minority partner in the project. Plaintiffsʼ lawyers representing 14 anonymous villagers also alleged

federal judge found that Unocal had no liability and dismissed the suit, which prompted the plaintiffs to pursue their claims in state court. The 9th Circuit Court of Appeal reinstated the federal case in 2002. Unocal argued in June 2003 that the federal case wrongly relied on the 1789 Alien Tort Claims Act, which lets foreigners sue in U.S. courts for human rights abuses that occur overseas. The 9th Circuit withheld judgment while the obscure law was being considered in a separate case by the U.S. Supreme Court. In June, the high court ruled that certain types of cases involving violations of international law can be pursued in federal courts under the act. The federal appeals court has not yet issued a ruling on whether the Unocal case can proceed.

suspected nukes Americans, Europeans appear to drift apart on what to do about Iran The Associated Press

VIENNA, Austria — A U.S.European rift surfaced Tuesday over how harshly to deal with Iran and its suspect nuclear program, with the Europeans ignoring American suggestions and circulating their own recommendations to other delegates at a key meeting of the U.N. atomic agency. Diplomats at a board of governors meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency had suggested earlier that the United States and the European Union were making progress in drafting common language for a resolution that would set a deadline for Iran to meet demands designed to dispel fears it was trying to make nuclear arms. But the latest draft, obtained by The Associated Press and being circulated informally Tuesday for reaction from other delegations, was nearly exactly the one that France, Britain and Germany came up with Friday — a text that U.S. officials had said would be unacceptable. The American suggestions also were made available to the AP. They demand Iran grant agency inspectors “complete, immediate and unrestricted access;” provide “full information” about past illegal nuclear activities; suspend “immediately and fully” uranium enrichment and related activities; and meet all agency demands to “resolve all outstanding issues” nurturing suspicions of a possible weapons program. The IAEA meeting has become the main battleground between Iran and Washington, which wants to take Iran before the U.N. Security Council for alleged violations of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. A U.S. official who demanded anonymity denied the developments were a blow to Washington. The Americans asked the draft include an Oct. 31 deadline. The EU text remained vaguer in demands and in a time frame, asking only that IAEA director general Mohamed ElBaradei submit a comprehensive report before November for evaluation by the board. ElBaradei shrugged off the idea of a deadline. “We cannot just say there is a magic date,” for an end to his agencyʼs Iran probe, he said. He also repeated that his investigation has not definitely established whether Iran is trying to make nuclear arms — as Washington asserts. “We havenʼt seen any concrete proof that there is a weapons program,” ElBaradei told reporters on the second day of the board meeting. “Can we say everything is peaceful? Obviously we are not at that stage.” Revelations of the rift were

expected to prove embarrassing to the Americans. They had expressed confidence they would be able to win over the Europeans and had flown in a team close to U.S. Undersecretary of State John Bolton for the board meeting — effectively sidelining the Vienna-based U.S. mission that usually handles such conferences. The Americans “introduced amendments that were beyond what the market would bear,” said one senior Western diplomat who tracks the IAEA. “The European draft is right now going to have support.” Bolton, the U.S. point-man on nuclear nonproliferation, is considered tough on Iran by most European delegations at the board meeting in the Austrian capital. The diplomat suggested the Washington team “doesnʼt perhaps have a good sense of what the Vienna audience can accept.” A diplomat representing one of the 25 EU countries said part of the problem was that the Americans came in with modifications after the European Union thought they were happy with the original draft written by France, Germany and Britain. The diplomats acknowledged the draft was still far from any final version being prepared for formal introduction to the board and said it may well include some of the American suggestions. But they said the tone of some of the U.S. demands — and delays in presenting them — meant that a final resolution on Iran would not come before close to the end of the week. They also held open the possibility that Europe and the United States might not be able to bridge their differences, a development that would be unprecedented since the U.N. watchdog started looking at Iranʼs nuclear dossier two years ago. Indirectly exploiting the U.S.European differences, Iran on Tuesday warned against attempts to force it to freeze uranium enrichment, with a senior envoy asserting his country had a right to what Washington claims is a key component of a secret nuclear weapons program. “Nothing should be imposed against (Iranʼs) legitimate right” to enrich uranium, Hossein Mousavian, Iranʼs chief IAEA delegate told AP. Iran has been acting as if the agreement were already in force but has held off ratification in parliament. Mousavian said lawmakers would be “very concerned” if the deadline were imposed. Iran is not prohibited from enrichment under its obligations to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, but Tehran has faced mounting international pressure to suspend the technology — which can be used both to make nuclear arms or generate electricity — as a gesture to dispel suspicions it is interested in making weapons.


2004 09 15  
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