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Wednesday October 9, 2019 vol. CXLIII no. 85

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BEYOND THE BUBBLE

BEYOND THE BUBBLE

Q&A with Fatima Gross Graves

Peebles GS ‘62 wins Nobel Prize

By Naomi Hess Staff Writer

By Rooya Rahin Contributor

On Tuesday, Oct. 8, University Albert Einstein Professor Emeritus of Science James Peebles GS ’62 was awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology.” Peebles shares the 2019 prize with two other physicists, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz. Peebles has been awarded half of the prize, while Mayor and Queloz will share the other half. Peebles joins a number of University faculty and alumni who have been awarded the Nobel Prize. He has also published a number of books considered “classics” in his field, according to the Office of Communications. His upcoming book, “Cosmology’s Century, An Inside History of Our Modern Understanding of the Universe,” will come out in June 2020 from Princeton University Press. Peebles was born in Manitoba, Canada, in 1935 and received his B.S. from University of Manitoba in 1958. He went on to earn his Ph.D. in physics from the University in 1962, where he quickly became an instructor, and would continue to teach at the University for his entire career. He transferred to emeritus status in 2000. In the afternoon of Oct. 8, the University held a press conference and reception to celebrate Professor Peebles and his achievements. Professor Peebles was joined on stage See NOBEL PRIZE page 2

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Graves is the president and CEO of the National Women’s Law Center.

The Daily Princetonian spoke with Fatima Goss Graves, the President and CEO of the National Women’s Law Center. She cofounded the TIME’S UP Legal Defense Fund and serves as an adviser on the American Law Institute Project on Sexual and Gender-Based Misconduct on Campus. She previously served as the Senior Vice President for Program and Vice President for Education and Employment at the National Women’s Law Center. She visited the Wilson School on Oct. 7–8 through the Leadership through Mentorship program. Below is a lightly edited and condensed tran-

script of the conversation. What made you decide to devote your career to advancing women’s rights? I grew up in a social-justice family. I learned about the power of the law as a source for change really through the stories of my family. My father and his siblings were the lead plaintiffs in a case to desegregate Knoxville, Tennessee, public schools. For me, I always really understood that my work could be social- justice work, and that I could use the law. I am not sure that I knew across the course of my life that I would absolutely devote my career to gender-justice questions. But when I look back on my See GRAVES page 3

BEYOND THE BUBBLE

Yovanovitch ‘80 dismissal tied to impeachment inquiry By Mindy Burton Contributor

On Oct. 4, the United States Department of State’s Inspector General revealed an attempt to bring down former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch ’80, who Democrats see as a key player in the impeachment proceedings against President Donald Trump, to congressional aides. The whistleblower complaint that initiated the proceedings alleged that Yovanovitch’s ousting as ambassador was one of several actions that amounted to Trump’s abuse of presidential power. The complaint disclosed

that a packet of documents containing misinformation about Yovanovitch had been sent to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and circulated internally within the Trump administration. Many members of Congress expressed concern of the packet being used as part of a wider plot by Trump to damage political opponents ahead of the 2020 presidential election. New Jersey Senator Bob Menendez (D), a member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, explained his fears of Trump’s harmful and unprovoked attacks on Yovanovitch in a statement, writing, “These documents

provide further evidence of a concerted, external effort to conduct a disinformation campaign against a career U.S ambassador, who has been the subject of baseless attacks, including by the president himself.” Maryland Representative Jamie Raskin (D) voiced his concerns about the precedent the packet may have set. “The existence of this packet and its curious history raises profoundly troubling questions,” he told reporters. “Why was Secretary of State Pompeo in possession of this packet of disinformation? Why did he distribute and circulate it? To whom else did he distribute and circu-

late it?” Personally recalled by Trump two months early from her diplomatic role in Ukraine, Yovanovitch is now scheduled to provide a deposition to investigators from the House committees on intelligence, foreign affairs, and oversight on Oct. 9. Trump’s personal lawyer and former New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani, as well as other external allies of the president, have repeatedly scrutinized and criticized Yovanovitch. They claim that her personal Democratic leanings and anti-corruption work had undermined Trump and obstructed his efforts to See YOVANOVITCH page 2

ON CAMPUS

Juliana Ochs Dweck named chief curator of University Art Museum By James Anderson Contributor

See page 6 STUDENT LIFE

Literary scholar Jeffrey Miller ‘06 named 2019 MacArthur Fellow By Zoya Guahar Contributor

Literary scholar and University alum Jeffrey Miller ’06 was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship, informally known as a “Genius Grant,“ on Sept. 25 for his analyses of the writing process during the Reformation and the Renaissance. Alongside the honor, Miller will be receiving a grant for $625,000, given over five years,

In Opinion

on behalf of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Miller graduated from the University in 2006, with an A.B. from the Department of English. He went on to receive a MSt in 2007 and DPhil in 2012 from the University of Oxford. Dr. Miller currently holds the title of Associate Professor in the Department of English at Montclair State University. He joined the faculty at Montclair,

Senior Columnist Liam O’Connor argues that based on his extensive, months-long investigation into the geography of the University’s student body, students from rich places are highly overrepresented. PAGE 6

located in New Jersey, in 2012. “It still doesn’t quite feel real that I’ve been awarded a MacArthur Fellowship, and I’m sure it doesn’t yet (or likely ever will) feel justified!” Miller wrote in an email to The Daily Princetonian. “But I’m obviously extremely honored, and one of the best aspects of it is the way it brings powerfully to mind all the people who have inspired and helped me over the years.” See MACARTHUR page 4

Juliana Ochs Dweck has been appointed to the newly created role of chief curator at the Princeton University Art Museum. Dweck has worked in the museum as Andrew W. Mellon curator of academic engagement since 2010. Her appointment comes just before a three-year transition beginning in 2020 as the current museum building is replaced by an updated facility to be designed by architect Sir David Adjaye of Adjaye Associates. In her new role, Dweck will direct the museum’s educational programs and oversee nine of the museum’s 11 curators, of a total museum staff of about 115. “She rose to the top very much because she made the very strong argument for the kind of intellectual leadership that we needed in that role,” Museum Director James Steward said. Each curator catalogs and interprets the collection in his or her area of expertise, but Steward said that the aim of creating the new position was to “ensure that cross-departmental, crossdisciplinary, cross-cultural conversations are happening rather than allowing curators to operate in a more siloed model.” Dweck earned a B.A. and M.A.

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at Yale University and a Ph.D. in social anthropology at the University of Cambridge. She has previously worked at the National Museum of American History, the National Museum of American Jewish History, the National September 11 Museum, Yeshiva University Museum, and the Jewish Museum of Maryland. She served as Program Chair for the 2018 Council of American Jewish Museums and wrote “Security and Suspicion: An Ethnography of Everyday Life in Israel” in 2011, in which she criticized Israeli security practices. She has curated roughly 50 exhibits since joining the University, including “Miracles on the Border: Retablos of Mexican Migrants to the United States” (2019), “Time Capsule 1970: Rauschenberg’s Currents” (2019), “Picturing Protest” (2018), and “Surfaces Seen and Unseen: African Art at Princeton” (2016). Dweck said the design of the museum is developing, but she hopes to expand the exhibits on African and Latin American art. In an email to The Daily Princetonian, Dweck wrote that much of her work has been creating interpretive panels for each exhibit to “mediate the relationship between the object See ART page 3

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In Opinion: Geography is destiny at Princeton

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Wednesday October 9, 2019

Peebles was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology with two other scientists NOBEL PRIZE Continued from page 1

............. by University President Christopher Eisgruber, University Spokesperson Ben Chang, and Professor Herman Verlinde, the chair of the Department of Physics. Friends and colleagues of Professor Peebles, as well as University students gathered before the conference to meet with Professor Peebles and congratulate him on his achievement. Bryan To ’22, a prospective physics major, introduced himself to the Peebles and asked for a photo with him. To remarked that Peebles, both when he met him and in his interviews, was always “so kind, so humble and gracious.” During the conference, Peebles spoke about his work and about his surprise of being awarded the Nobel. When he received a standing ovation from the audience, the first of two during the conference, Peebles said, “I don’t think you can imagine how good this

makes me feel.” Peebles also answered questions from the press and the audience. When asked about what he would like to see studied and discovered next, he responded that he would like to see the research and study of dark matter. He said that he believes that the discovery will be a process, but that “it will show up.” Peebles also shared advice for students in physics, reminding them not to focus on winning prizes but rather the joy of researching and the love of science. “Judge yourself by how well you’ve done,” Peebles said. Peebles also shared his plans for the prize money, stating the some will go to charity, some to his children and family, and that he also plans to donate some to the University of Manitoba for its support while he was an undergraduate and afterwards. Eisgruber also remarked on Peebles’s legacy as a graduate

and professor at University, going on to call him a “teacher, mentor, colleague and friend.” He also stated that despite receiving emeritus status, Peebles still continues to contribute to research as well as occasionally teach lectures with his colleagues. Eisgruber also spoke about his time as Peebles’s student while he was an undergraduate at the University. Verlinde also shared stories of Peebles, and remarked that when many Nobel Laureates are announced, all of the universities that they had attended and worked at will try to claim them, but in Peebles’s case, only two universities may claim him: the University of Manitoba and Princeton. After the conference, Peebles joined his colleagues and the audience for champagne, snacks, and desserts in the Rockefeller College common room to celebrate the occasion.

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Peebles joins a list of Princeton faculty that have won the Nobel Prize in physics.

President Trump’s words about Yovanovitch

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have caused uproar from colleagues YOVANOVITCH Continued from page 1

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persuade Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky to investigate the business dealings of former vice president and leading Democratic presidential contender Joe Biden, as well as his son Hunter. Trump’s requests to investigate Biden, a potential political opponent, are currently the subject of the impeachment proceedings. As ambassador to Ukraine, Yovanovitch had close access to Giuliani’s actions outside of legal democratic channels. Trump himself made the decision to abruptly end Yovanovitch’s three-year tour.

“The former ambassador from the United States, the woman, was bad news, and the people she was dealing with in the Ukraine were bad news, so I just want to let you know that,” Trump told Zelensky, according to the transcript released by the White House of their reconstructed phone call. Trump has described this call as “perfect” and stated that the House impeachment inquiry amounts to a “hoax.” Trump’s words about Yovanovitch have caused an uproar in foreign policy circles and among former diplomats and colleagues, who describe her as a “precise and conscientious” diplomat. Though she was known for keeping a

low profile, Yovanovitch actively supported democratic development and anti-corruption efforts. Yovanovitch moved to the United States as a toddler from Canada and became a naturalized citizen at age 18. She graduated from the University with degrees in history and Russian studies. She has spent over thirty years in diplomatic service, also working in embassies in Canada, Russia, Britain, and Somalia. Last April, Yovanovitch delivered a lecture, titled “Ukraine: Challenge and Opportunity,” on campus. She was hosted by the Center for International Security Studies.

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Maria Yovanovitch ‘80 was a former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine.

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Graves: I’ve been really excited to see the energy and activism on Princeton’s campus and am hopeful that you guys won’t let up GRAVES

Continued from page 1

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passions and where I showed up, I always was showing up and interested in improving the lives of women and girls and especially for brown and black women. It has been fun being here at Princeton because I’ve been hearing about everyone’s senior thesis and [junior] papers and it reminded me that my own senior thesis was focused on black women and women’s

clubs and the work around equality and how they fit in at that time. It reminded me that my interest apparently goes way, way back. What has been the impact of the TIME’S UP Legal Defense Fund and why is it so important? It has been the honor of a lifetime to house and run the TIME’S UP Legal Defense Fund. We launched it on January 1st, 2018, and since that time we’ve heard from almost 4,000 people who’ve been seeking support for

Yo, Taylor, I’m really happy for you.... Imma let you finish, but Beyonce had one of the best videos of all time! One of the

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harassment and related retaliation. They’re coming from over 60 different sectors. Harassment is an everywhere problem and we’re hearing from people everywhere. About two-thirds of the people we hear from are low income. It has been amazing to be able to connect people, especially those in the lowest paid jobs, with lawyers who are ready to fight on their behalf, with media professionals who are ready to tell their stories and support them along the

way. We have almost 900 attorneys who have signed up to be intensive legal defense managers. How has the role of the National Women’s Law Center changed under the current government administration? There’s no question that we have had to gear up and defend our core rights, and that has meant that we have had to sue this administration over the changes that they made to the equal pay rule, over the contraception

rule they put out, over the religious refusals rule they put out, over their interim Title IV rule, over their refusal to be transparent around the steps that they are taking that are undermining our lives. Those are significant resources we’re having to put on the table to really deal with the things that they are doing, resources that are frankly interrupting our proactive and longstanding agenda.

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Dweck will be in charge of the University Art Museum, which features over 11,000 objects and is set to undergo expansion ART

Continued from page 3

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and the viewer.” The museum owns about 110,000 objects, but at any time only 2 percent can be displayed publicly, which was part of the motivation for constructing larger galleries. The remainder are stored in several facilities on and off campus and are studied by students and faculty. Each year, roughly 5,000 undergraduates study objects in the museum as part of their classes. One of Steward’s focuses for the new museum is to “speak to the issues and realities of our own time.” Last year he taught a University course on the concept of the “activist museum,” which he described as “a place of preservation but also a space of action.” For example, last year the exhibit “Nature’s Nation” explored the historical intersection between art and environmental

consciousness in America. “It’s about understanding the arts more pluralistically,” Steward said, “It’s part of the discussion that I’m asking Julie to help lead over the next few years.” Dweck also pointed to “Miracles on the Border: Retablos of Mexican Migrants to the United States” as a piece that challenged the viewer to consider current world issues by drawing connections to other cultures and times. “The aim is to present art in ways that contextualize it in history and culture, that enable thinking about materiality and the experiences and intent of the makers, with the hope of generating dialogue about the meaning and relevance of a work of art without being determinedly political,” Dweck wrote in her email. Steward said these exhibits “reinforce the idea that there is a historical background for these issues that have been so much at the forefront in the last few

years,” and as a result they create dialogue apart from partisan conflict. “In a way, they put a human face on the past,” he said. During construction, the museum will display art in locations such as Art@Bainbridge and perhaps Firestone Library. Several exhibits will travel to other museums for display rather than remaining in storage. The public art on campus has been under the museum’s auspices for 10 years, and it will offer another channel for displaying art during the construction. In particular, the museum hopes to integrate public art into the two additional residential colleges that will be constructed. Recent additions to the campus collection include two grass folds designed by Maya Lin next to the Lewis Center for the Arts as well as a term-loan statue along Blair Walk portraying a colorful garment blowing up in the wind.

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Juliana Ochs Dweck

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Miller’s studies focus on the works of John Milton and other writers from the time period. His use of Milton’s manuscripts, notes, and unpublished work to better understand Milton’s writing processes is innovative. Miller also used his understanding of Renaissance writing processes to identify a notebook with a series of lists and phrases as the currently earliest known

draft of the King James Bible. Miller’s analysis of the notebook, belonging to Samuel Ward, a translator of the King James Bible, is expected to bring better understanding of the translating practices that were used at the time. The analysis is currently still in progress. In describing Jeffrey Miller’s work, the MacArthur Foundation wrote that his “expansive view of the writing process and of what constitutes a draft manuscript are changing our understanding of seminal works at the

foundation of modern Christianity, philosophy, and literature.” Miller explained that receiving the award “has meant thinking a lot about so many of my professors and fellow students from my time at Princeton, each of whom shaped and encouraged me in ways too numerous to record.” “I’m very lucky to have had the experience I did at Princeton, and very grateful,” Miller wrote.

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Geography is destiny at Princeton Liam O’Connor

Senior Columnist

Data reveals rich places are overrepresented in student body A jogger yelled “Go Tigers” to me when he noticed my Princeton baseball cap. He was one of a strangely large number of people who were passionate about Old Nassau during a Saturday excursion that I took this past summer. I looked out at a vista of the Long Island Sound. Some of the largest houses that I had ever laid my eyes upon lined the shores. Sailboats drifted in the wind as Land Rovers drove by behind me. Welcome to Greenwich, Connecticut, where money basically grows on trees. Very few Americans can afford to live in this town of 60,000 people with the median home sales price well above $1.2 million, but dozens of places like it are sprinkled throughout the country. Elite colleges are attracting students from these kinds of towns — a lot of them actually. New data that I analyzed reveals that a sizable fraction of Princeton’s undergraduates come from these areas of concentrated wealth. I mapped a list of hometowns for the Classes of 2020-2023 that I obtained from the Residential College Facebook before administrators disabled this feature on September 6th. The results show significant regional divides in the student body. Geography One in ten Princetonians hail from a hometown on Bloomberg’s 2018 list of “100 richest places,” where just half a percent of all Americans live. Families on average earn $198,000 in the lowest ranked town and $443,000 in the highest. Students from Bloomberg 100 towns almost equal those from the entire U.S. Census-designated Midwest. I ordered hometowns based on the number of students from them. First place goes to Manhattan, New York for sending 141 students. Princeton, New Jersey came in second for bringing 130 students, accounting for 16 percent of the University’s New Jerseyans. Greenwich, Connecticut is fifth at 46 students when constituent villages and

boroughs are grouped as part of the same city. Nearly two-thirds of hometowns sent only one person to Princeton, yet students from the top 290 hometowns outnumber the next 1,963 combined. Statistics like these normally aren’t surprising because major metropolises would be expected to dominate the rankings. But that didn’t exactly happen. Settled on the list between America’s largest cities — Atlanta, Georgia, Saint Louis, Missouri, Austin, Texas, among others — are dozens of small wealthy towns such as Chevy Chase, Maryland (median household income: $173,333), Palo Alto, California ($147,537), and Montclair, New Jersey ($113,293). The number of Bethesda, Maryland ($154,559, population: 60,858) students eclipses that of Boston, Massachusetts and Phoenix, Arizona together (population: 2.3 million). Two thirds of Princeton’s 118 Connecticuters live in towns on the Gold Coast — the lower half of Fairfield County known for being home to New York City’s successful businessmen — despite it hosting just 10 percent of the state’s entire population. The Guardian said that this place had “the densest concentration of wealth in the country.” The prosperous region colloquially known as “Northern Virginia” is doubly overrepresented among Princeton’s student body relative to its actual share of Virginia’s population. Across the Potomac River, half of undergraduate Marylanders live in Montgomery and St. George’s Counties which is 56 percent out of its true proportion. Chicago’s affluent North Shore may be home to only 3 percent of Illinoisans, but it sent a quarter of those who attend Princeton. This region featured prominently in journalist Daniel Golden’s book “The Price of Admission” for some of its influential families who got their children into elite universities by giving hefty donations. One in three Massachusetts Princetonians live in their state’s fifteen richest towns that otherwise are home to less than one in twenty of their fellow Bay Staters. Residents of Philadelphia’s Main Line outnumber Kansans, Oklahomans, and South Dakotans combined. West Coast geography is equally lopsided. If the ten

wealthiest places in California’s Orange, Los Angeles, and Santa Clara Counties — covering Los Angeles and Silicon Valley money — were counted as a single state, they would rank seventeenth in their contributions to Princeton, just three people behind Washington. I next identified hometowns’ counties for 87 percent of students and matched them to metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) with U.S. Census data. At least a quarter reside in the New York-Newark MSA, and slightly more than a third are from MSAs along the Interstate-95 corridor from Boston to Washington, D.C. I used hometowns’ latitude and longitude coordinates to calculate Princeton’s median center of population. It’s located 9 miles west of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In practical terms, this point means that more than half of undergraduates live east of the Appalachian Mountains. The U.S median center of population is 550 miles away in southwestern Indiana. High Schools I acquired a list of every high school represented in the Classes of 2019-2021 from PolarisList, an online web service that ranks high schools by the number of students who attended Princeton, Harvard, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). The website says that its data comes from “a variety of online and offline sources” through “rigorous exploration” and it’s 88 percent complete. The Lawrenceville School is Princeton’s biggest feeder school, sending 47 students in 2015-2017 (as well as 8 to Harvard and MIT each). Its annual boarding fees are $66,360. Princeton High School comes in second at 46 and Thomas Jefferson High School third at 33. Lawrenceville School Director of Public Relations Lisa Hanson neither confirmed nor denied PolarisList’s statistics but stated that 31 of the school’s alumni are currently in the Classes of 2021-2023. Princeton High School’s college counselor didn’t respond to my request for comment. One in twenty students came from just 5 high schools: Bergen County Academies, Phillips Exeter Academy, and the three previously mentioned. The latter’s yearly boarding fees amount to $55,402. Graduates from the top 13 high schools could fill McCosh 50. Half of the leading 100 high

1 in 10

of student hometowns appears on Bloomberg’s 2018

list of “100 richest places”

Hometowns most represented at Princeton 1. Manhattan, NY population 1,628,701

2. Princeton, NJ population 31,386

3. Brooklyn, NY population 2,582,830

4. Chicago, IL population 2,705,994

5. London (UK) population 9,176,530

6. Greenwich, CT population 62,727

=20 students

schools — of over 2,200 total — are private, and their median cost is $49,496 per year. Only 5 percent of public schools sent four or more students in three years versus 12 percent of private schools. I created Lorenz curves for each college and calculated their Gini Coefficients (GC). Under this metric, 0 represents all high schools sending the same number of students and 1 is one high school sending all students. My curve for Harvard closely mirrored what The Harvard Crimson found in 2013 from its own investigation. The top 20 percent of high schools sent as many students to Princeton as the bottom 80 percent. Old Nassau’s GC is 0.37, while those of Harvard and MIT are 0.33 and 0.25, respectively. Simply put, Princeton takes in more freshmen from fewer high schools than its rivals. Michael Rutter, MIT’s Senior Advisor for Communications, didn’t answer the questions in my e-mail but forwarded a link to a memorandum issued after the recent college admissions scandal. “AT MIT we are deeply committed to the principles that guide our merit-based admissions process,” the memo stated. According to it, athletes “do not get ‘slots’” and they — along with legacies, donors, or “other categories of applicants” — must undergo the same admissions process as everyone else. MIT’s lack of preferences may be steering it clear of the Ivy League’s geographic concentration. Princeton’s 2016 profile, for example, shows that “alumni children” composed 2 percent of applicants but 14 percent of the Class of 2020. The Harvard Crimson reported for the Class of 2021 that 58 percent of legacy students’ families lived in suburbs. Harvard’s Office of Communications didn’t respond to multiple requests for comment. Princeton’s Undergraduate Admissions Office deferred to the Office of Communications. “All admitted students are here because of their demonstrated merit and ability to thrive under the demands of a Princeton education,” Deputy University Spokesperson Michael Hotchkiss wrote in an email. He reiterated that a quarter of undergraduates are Pell grant-eligible, 16 percent are the first person in their family to attend college, and that Princeton forges partnerships with nonprofits to encourage low to middle income seniors to apply.

Eating Clubs Geographic divides impact students’ social lives on Prospect Avenue. I next mapped the eating clubs’ median centers of population using the membership rosters that I downloaded last fall. The University’s meal exchange website was altered this past spring, making it impossible to acquire current rosters. Cottage was indeed the most southern — and western — eating club with its center around Morgantown, West Virginia. No other club came close. The next nearest ones — Cannon, Colonial, and Quadrangle — were a hundred miles away by Bedford, Pennsylvania. Ivy had the membership from the farthest east. Its center of population was four miles west of Princeton, New Jersey. Just a quarter of its members came from beyond the Appalachian Mountains, many of whom lived in California’s wealthiest towns. Cap, Charter, and Terrace were not far behind Ivy with centers in eastern Pennsylvania. Cloister’s membership was the most northern. About one in five of Cottage’s members have hometowns on

vol. cxliii

editor-in-chief

Chris Murphy ’20 business manager

Taylor Jean-Jacques’20 BOARD OF TRUSTEES president Thomas E. Weber ’89 vice president Craig Bloom ’88 secretary Betsy L. Minkin ’77 treasurer Douglas J. Widmann ’90 trustees Francesca Barber David Baumgarten ’06 Kathleen Crown Gabriel Debenedetti ’12 Stephen Fuzesi ’00 Zachary A. Goldfarb ’05 Michael Grabell ’03 John Horan ’74 Joshua Katz Rick Klein ’98 James T. MacGregor ’66 Alexia Quadrani Marcelo Rochabrun ’15 Kavita Saini ’09 Richard W. Thaler, Jr. ’73 Abigail Williams ’14 trustees emeriti Gregory L. Diskant ’70 William R. Elfers ’71 Kathleen Kiely ’77 Jerry Raymond ’73 Michael E. Seger ’71 Annalyn Swan ’73 trustees ex officio Chris Murphy ’20 Taylor Jean-Jacques’20

143RD MANAGING BOARD managing editors Samuel Aftel ’20 Ariel Chen ’20 Jon Ort ’21 head news editors Benjamin Ball ’21 Ivy Truong ’21 associate news editors Linh Nguyen ’21 Claire Silberman ’22 Katja Stroke-Adolphe ’20 head opinion editor Cy Watsky ’21 associate opinion editors Rachel Kennedy ’21 Ethan Li ’22 head sports editor Jack Graham ’20 associate sports editors Tom Salotti ’21 Alissa Selover ’21 features editors Samantha Shapiro ’21 Jo de la Bruyere ’22 head prospect editor Dora Zhao ’21 associate prospect editor Noa Wollstein ’21 chief copy editors Lydia Choi ’21 Elizabeth Parker ’21 associate copy editors Sydney Peng ‘22 Anna McGee ‘22 head design editor Charlotte Adamo ’21 associate design editor Harsimran Makkad ’22 head video editor Sarah Warman Hirschfield ’20 associate video editor Mark Dodici ’22 digital operations manager Sarah Bowen ’20

NIGHT STAFF copy Marissa Michaels ’22 Allie Mangel ’22 Celia Buchband ’22 design Mindy Burton ’23 Abby Nishiwaki’ 23


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High School Contributions to Princeton's Classes of 2019-2021 <

Equality MIT Harvard Princeton

Percent of high schools the Bloomberg 100 list, the most of any club on “The Street.” Ivy and TI were second (16 percent) and third (15 percent), respectively. These were the only eating clubs where Bloomberg 100 students were overrepresented compared with the student body overall. Charter, Colonial, and Terrace ranked at the bottom with 6 percent each. Bicker clubs had just double the total membership as Sign-in clubs but three times as many Bloomberg 100 students on their rosters.

Departments Departments also showed regional influences. Upperclassmen hailing from towns on the Bloomberg 100 list are 20 percent less likely to study science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) than upperclassmen overall. Yet international students are 31 percent more likely to concentrate in STEM. I calculated departments’ median centers of population. Art and Archaeology students’ geographic backgrounds most closely matches that of the U.S. population. Their center is in southeastern Illinois. Geosciences was not much farther away in eastern Indiana. Only four other departmental centers of population broke out of east coast states: Physics, Religion, Slavic Languages, and Near Eastern Studies. Music students are the most eastern with a center just outside Newark, New Jersey. French and Italian is second in northern Princeton, and English is third in Flemington. Classicists cling to coastal cities, mainly New York and Washington, D.C. Just 4 of 18 live west of the Appalachians. French, Italian, and German students mostly come from the I-95 corridor cities. English has

a mere 5 students of 73 from between the Mississippi River and Sierra Nevada Mountains. Analysis New York Times columnist Ross Douthat made an uncanny prediction a decade ago about Ivy League students. He argued that admissions offices discriminated against the white working class, and that a college could boost its geographic diversity by admitting students from “upscale Bobo enclaves even in states that we think of as rural and ‘red.’” Critics at the time chastized him for overinterpreting data that Professor Thomas Espenshade published in his book “No Longer Separate, Not Yet Equal.” But it looks like my geographic investigation backs up Douthat to a degree. Pick any red state with a sizable contingent on PolarisList, and private schools or public schools in well-to-do neighborhoods are certain to top its rankings. Princeton isn’t picking up an assortment of professionals’ children in cities and small towns from sea to shining sea. It’s disproportionately pulling in students from the richest — mostly eastern — places in the country. Many small moneyed suburbs send more students to Princeton than entire regions with millions of people. Elite colleges probably aren’t outright discriminating against the white working class as Douthat claims. Rather, they’re not letting go of their traditional blue-blooded base, cutting down the number of seats that could be available to everyone else. A paper published last month found that 43 percent of Harvard’s white students in 2009-2014 were athletes, legacies, on the “dean’s list,” or faculty children. Princeton’s words seem to say that Cambridge’s crude practices don’t happen down in civilized New Jersey. It has a mot-

to about being in the nation’s service and touts its minority students. Every year, it sends promotional materials to thousands of high school seniors, encouraging them to spend $65 on an application. “We look for students with intellectual curiosity, who have pursued and achieved academic excellence,” the admissions website states. Former columnist Lou Chen ’19 discovered that the Ivy League made more visits to the $39,700 per year private Harvard-Westlake School in twelve months than all of San Bernardino’s public high schools in recent memory. When journalists confront administrators about these contradictions, these administrators either deny them or assert that applicants get a “fair shake.” Few places in America outside of Capitol Hill have as much hypocritical moral grandstanding as an Ivy League university. But Princeton can fix its geographic skew through a twopronged approach. It first needs to end its admissions practices that benefit wealthy students like athletic and legacy admits. MIT’s moral compass points true north and doesn’t deviate for donors. Old Nassau ought to follow its lead. Then, the University should continue to expand its outreach to improve awareness. Eastern Colorado provides a creative solution to this second strategy. William John, Class of 1910, created the Mary John Goree Scholarship at Princeton University under the condition that

it would cover all tuition and fees relating to undergraduate or postgraduate degrees for residents of Las Animas County, Colorado. It has supported 30 students since 1962. “The east coast is very much a culture shock,” said Sally Jane Ruybalid ’21, the scholarship’s latest recipient. She is from Trinidad — a town of 8,000 people near the New Mexican border — and graduated from a high school that didn’t have a library or safe science laboratory. The stereotypes that her eastern classmates have of westerners sometimes make her laugh. They’ve asked if she lives on a ranch and rides horses — both of which aren’t true. Others are more pernicious, such as the assumption that she’s a first-generation student. Both of her parents have professional degrees. “Even if someone is from a rural town, it doesn’t mean that we don’t have culture, and it doesn’t mean that we don’t have education,” she said. The magic of the scholarship is that it encourages high school seniors to apply and keeps alumni involved in this overlooked region. “I think that there’s probably more awareness of Princeton in Las Animas County today than there has been since I first started visiting the County during the 1980s,” scholarship director David Vandermeulen ’81 wrote in an e-mail. He holds annual promotional presentations and estimated that 70 to 80 students were in attendance at his most recent one. Admissions officers have also held separate public meetings in the county for four of the past five years. Princeton should have more scholarships like the Mary John Goree fund. Admissions is and always will be a game of tradeoffs. Clio Hall frequently has to choose between taking someone from an obscure public school or another student from a renowned eastern boarding school. Picking the first is a risky move because it’s uncertain whether he or she has the necessary preparation to thrive in an intense academic environment. But stories like the Mary John Goree Scholarship prove that success is possible. It pushes the ball towards creating, in Ross Douthat’s words, “an elite that’s broadly representative of the country as a whole.” Princeton should take the risk on that public school student more often. METHODS I obtained students’ hometowns from the Residential Col-

lege Facebook, whose total number of undergraduates closely matches the University’s most recent statistics. Max Rice’s Excel Geocoding Tool located their corresponding longitudes and latitudes. I plotted hometowns in Google Fusion Tables. The Residential College Facebook explicitly named every New York City borough except Manhattan. It had an ambiguous listing of “New York, NY” for 141 students. I looked up a number of classmates who I knew reside in Manhattan, and their hometowns were listed as “New York, NY.” For this column, I assumed that “New York, NY” meant Manhattan, but I can’t rule out the possibility that students from other boroughs are included under this label. Median household incomes came from the latest U.S. Census estimates or Data USA. All private school costs were reported on their respective websites and do not refer to day school costs unless a boarding option was not available. Annual non-enrollment fees were included if listed. Statistics refer solely to the American fraction of its student body. PolarisList didn’t mention foreign secondary schools, and I couldn’t find diversity statistics from Harvard and MIT to remove them from their student totals. So I counted all internationals as coming from single student secondary schools when constructing my Lorenz curves. This isn’t true in real life. I checked the college matriculation statistics of several famous feeder schools abroad — Eton College, Singaporean American School, American School of Hong Kong, etc. — but none of them came close to sending as many students as U.S.-based feeder schools. International students are fewer and generally more spread out than American students, so it’s unlikely that my GC estimates would significantly change with official data. The Gold Coast, Philadelphia Main Line, Northern Virginia, and North Shore are informal cultural regions. They don’t have official U.S. Census-designated boundaries. I relied upon Wikipedia to define them as a “wisdom of the crowd” approach. This is the first article in a series investigating the geography of Princeton’s student body. Liam O’Connor is a senior geosciences major from Wyoming, Del. He can be reached at lpo@princeton.edu.

1 in students came from 20 5 high schools Princeton’s biggest feeders*

*From 2015-2017

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1. The Lawrenceville School 2. Princeton High School 3. Thomas Jefferson High School 4. Bergen County Academies 5. Phillips Exeter Academy = 10 students, rounded to nearest 10

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Schools represented in italics are private schools

the top 20% of schools sent as many students to Princeton as

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Sports

Wednesday October 9, 2019

page 8

{ www.dailyprincetonian.com } WOMEN’S SOCCER

Grossi earns Ivy League individual record with thirty By Isaac Goldston Contributor

shutouts as women’s soccer downs Dartmouth

In its second match in Ivy League play this season, Princeton women’s soccer (4–4–2, 1–1–0 Ivy) came away with a dramatic 1–0 victory against Dartmouth, and senior goalkeeper Natalie Grossi set the Ivy League record with her 30th career shutout. The joy the players felt was clear as they rushed onto the field after junior midfielder Olivia Kane’s 94thminute header. The game could have easily left the Tigers feeling frustrated. In many ways they were dominant, outshooting the Big Green 21–10 throughout the game. But con-

verting chances against a stingy Dartmouth defense, which had only conceded four times in the last nine games, proved a tall order. As two opportunities — a free kick routine barely outside the penalty box ,which was snuffed out by the Dartmouth defense, and a cross by first-year midfielder Marissa Hart, which flew into the side netting — failed to come to fruition in the last 10 minutes of regulation, it felt as though the breakthrough might not come. This feeling was further exacerbated by junior defender Tatum Gee’s rejected call for a penalty eight min-

utes before the end of regulation. The first minute of overtime proved no different, as a shot from an inviting cross by Kane was saved by the Dartmouth goalkeeper. In the 94th minute of action, however, Gee floated a cross towards the back post, which was headed home by Kane, ending the game and giving Princeton the victory. Given the number of chances the Tigers had, head coach Sean Driscoll remarked, “There would be no justice had we not found a way to win that game.” Although admitting that finding the back of the net posed

a challenge to the team, as it has all season, Driscoll commented that the game “was the best and most comprehensive performance we’ve had as a team this season.” He added, “Ultimately it was an enormous game for us, and there’s no doubt this week is important to take confidence from this game.” As well as being an important victory for Princeton, the game became a piece of Ivy League history, as Grossi kept her 30th career clean sheet, becoming the first keeper in Ivy League soccer history, men’s or women’s, to do so. Driscoll described Grossi as “the best goal-

keeper I’ve seen … She is the standard.” He further characterized her as a “tremendous leader by example” and a “true professional.” This game also represented a significant moment for Kane, who scored her first goal in over a year, having missed the previous season due to injury. With this past win against Dartmouth, Driscoll maintains his undefeated record against The Big Green. Next in Ivy League play, the Tigers take on Brown in Providence on Saturday, Oct. 12.

MEN’S CROSS COUNTRY

Men’s cross country showcases depth of team at Paul Short Invitational

By Sophie Cantine Contributor

Princeton men’s cross country’s first-year and varsity starters participated in their season opener on Saturday, tearing up the eight-kilometer course at the Paul Short Invitational at Lehigh University. In a race of over 600 competitors, all 15 of Princeton’s runners ranked in the top 50; the Tigers put seven in the top 10. Only 43 seconds separated the Tigers’ first and 15th finisher. Senior Conor Lundy and first-years Camren Fischer

and Connor Nisbet finished fourth, fifth, and sixth, completing their first race of the season at the front of the Princeton pack in 24:30, averaging 4:56 per mile on the grass fields of Lehigh’s campus. They were closely followed by junior Matt Grossman, senior Viraj Deokar, and junior Eli Krahn, who placed seventh, eighth, and ninth. The Tigers intended to run the race as a group. “Our goal going in was to pack up and run all togeth-

er up front. It was our first time out there this season, so we wanted to get our freshmen some experience moving up to the 8K distance,” said Lundy. Running eight kilometers is a quite a transition for first-years, who raced five-kilometer cross country races throughout high school. “Overall,“ said Jack Stanley, a first-year who finished the race in 12th place, “my first 8K was definitely difficult, but also a lot of

fun.” While elaborating on the experience, he said, “I think it benefitted the other freshmen and me a lot to run with some of the experienced upperclassmen that could lead us through our first time and help us pace correctly.” The Princeton men, currently ranked 23rd in the nation according to the USTFCCCA 2019 NCAA DI Men’s Cross Country National Coaches’ Poll, will take things up a notch in

two weeks, traveling to Wisconsin to compete against nationally ranked teams at the Nuttycombe Invitational. “We were pretty happy to finish nine guys all together,” said Lundy regarding the Lehigh race, “and it sets us up to compete hard in Wisconsin against the top teams in the nation in two weeks.”

FIELD HOCKEY

No. 7 field hockey takes down Duke in OT By Molly Milligan Senior Staff Writer

Four minutes and four seconds remained in then-No. 12 Field Hockey’s (7–4 overall, 2–0 Ivy League) game against thenNo. 2 Duke. The score stood at 4–4. Junior striker Clara Roth lined up for the Tigers’ third corner of the period. The ball flew from her stick to junior midfielder Julianna Tornetta’s to sophomore midfielder Hannah Davey’s. Davey wove through a thicket of defenders in blue, almost tripped, wound up, and shot. Duke’s goaltender doubled over. Sophomore striker Ali McCarthy threw herself into Davey’s arms. Princeton’s squad rushed the field. David: Five. Goliath: Four. It was the culmination of a thrilling weekend for the Tigers, who prevailed in two overtime matches this weekend and rose to the seventh spot in the Penn Monto/NFHCA National Coaches’ Poll. Princeton faltered in the early minutes of its game against Yale on Saturday, giving up two goals in the first five minutes of the match. The Tigers pressed on offense early in the second stanza, registering four shots in just five minutes. Princeton would finally score on a corner, as sophomore fullback Claire Donovan converted her first ca-

reer goal on a ball from first-year defender Autumn Brown. Heading into halftime, Princeton held a 18–3 shot advantage despite being behind 2–1 on the score board. Roth evened the score at two goals apiece early in the third quarter. She took the ball along the far baseline and whipped a turnaround shot into the cage for her sixth goal of the season. Minutes later, Donovan picked up a turnover at the top of the circle and wasted no time firing the shot home for her second goal of the game. The third quarter was also an impressive defensive stand for the Tigers, who did not allow a single shot by the Bulldogs in that period. Yale would even the game late in the fourth quarter and send the match into overtime, but Princeton responded with five shots to open extra play. With only three minutes remaining on the clock, Tornetta possessed the ball in front of Yale’s goal. She weaved through several defenders before unloading the ball to McCarthy, who slipped a shot into the back of the cage to complete the Tigers’ comeback. And the two-goal comeback against Princeton’s Ivy League rival paled in comparison to the next day’s feat. The Tigers’ Sunday match on the Blue Devils’ home turf saw a scoreless first quarter, as Princ-

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Field hockey earned their biggest win of the year , defeating Duke on the road in overtime. eton failed to convert on a pair of late corners. The Tigers would get on the board early in the second stanza, as junior striker Emma Street intercepted a pass in the circle and found McCarthy, who evaded a defender and scored. Duke then responded with a flurry of goal-scoring, ultimately sending four balls past senior goalie Grace Baylis in less than 10 minutes of game time. Noor van de Laar and Leah Crouse would count consecutive tallies just 27 seconds apart before McCarthy added her second goal of the day on an assist by Davey.

All in all, the second quarter featured six goals and 11 shots, leaving Duke with a 4–2 lead at the half. Princeton would hardly falter, however. Junior midfielder MaryKate Neff tapped in a shot by first-year midfielder Sammy Popper off a corner in the third, while junior goalie Grace Brightbill, inserted to start the second half, came up with two huge saves to start off the fourth. With just 2:11 remaining, and Princeton still trailing 3–4, the ball was commanded by Roth, whose first shot was denied. The junior striker recovered pos-

session and dribbled along the baseline before firing the equalizer with only 0:43 on the clock, forcing overtime. Davey then scored the gamewinner, slipping the ball between Duke’s goalie and the near post. She was honored as the Ivy League Offensive Player of the Week, having produced the decisive score against Duke and then-No. 11 Delaware earlier in the week. The Tigers are back in action this Saturday when they will welcome Columbia to Bedford Field.

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