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Tuesday october 15, 2013 vol. cxxxvii no. 88

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In Opinion Isabella Gomes supports SHARE’s ‘Unless There’s Consent’ program, and Jiyoon Kim critiques campus response to the reports of gunshots last Tuesday. PAGE 4

Today on Campus 7:30 p.m.: Evening prayer in the spirit of the Taize Community in France is offered by the Lutheran Campus Ministry. University Chapel.

The Archives

Oct. 15, 1969 3,000 students boycott classes and pack Dillon Gymnasium in a protest demanding withdrawal of troops from Vietnam.

On the Blog

LOCAL NEWS

BEYOND THE BUBBLE

Spilling Secrets:

Town police not involved Gellman ’82 investigates NSA in ICE raids, resolution clarifies

By Angela Wang staff writer

Barton Gellman ’82 has always been a secret breaker. As an undergraduate at Princeton, Gellman decried secrecy in Nassau Hall in his first column as the chairman of The Daily Princetonian — a position roughly equivalent to what is now known as editor-inchief. “We’ve been far too tolerant, as well, of Nassau Hall’s idiosyncratic preference for secrecy and closed-door decisions on the most basic issues facing Princeton,” Gellman wrote in February 1981. “Far more than at most universities, Princeton officialdom likes to go about its business without the messy complications of public debate. A newspaper should not — must not — tolerate this.” In the same column, he also revealed that student members of the Third World Center — now known as the Fields Center — had staged protests in the ‘Prince’ newsroom for years,

complaining about what they perceived as skewed coverage, a fact that previous editors had decided not to publish. A review of Gellman’s career, based on close to a dozen interviews with current and former colleagues, shows that not much has changed since his time at the ‘Prince.’ In fact, he has spent much of his life uncovering and spilling other people’s secrets, most recently those of National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. He is also currently working on a book on secrecy and government surveillance, a project he said he began before meeting Snowden. Publishing what others mean to keep hidden has also earned him a number of criticisms. Even years before the Snowden stories, a former senior NSA official reportedly called him a “traitor” for his reporting. “I am someone who tries to penetrate secret things. I’m someone who tries to understand and write about what powerful people do that they

By Chitra Murti contributor

COURTESY OF MUDD MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY

Gellman ’82 criticized tolerance of U. administration secrecy as former chairman of The Daily Princetonian.

don’t want you to know about,” Gellman said in an interview last month. “I see my job as to help the public hold them accountable for what they do and how they do it. Do we approve of what’s being done, for us, to us, in our interests, or don’t we? “ Colleagues said that Gellman showed prom-

ise from his time at Princeton, where he graduated summa cum laude and went on to become a Rhodes Scholar. His senior thesis on George F. Kennan ’25, the father of the Cold War policy of containment, was published as a book only two years after his graduation. See SECURITY page 3

Freshmen columnists Katherine Zhao and Jason Choe and sopohomore Christian Wawrzonek introduce themselves.

ACADEMICS

Online courses “here to stay,” argues Bowen By Evan Draim

On the Blog

contributor

Amy Garland serves up a ‘Fall Monday’ playlist to get you through this week’s strange weather.

News & Notes Gas line rupture temporarily disrupts pedestrian traffic, lunch service at Forbes College

a backhoe accidentally ruptured a gas line at Alexander Street near Forbes College around 10 a.m. Monday morning, interrupting the gas supply to the college dining hall, according to University Spokesperson Martin Mbugua. Gas was restored later that afternoon. The Department of Public Safety, Princeton Fire Department, Princeton Police Department and electric utility PSE&G responded to the scene. PSE&G workers turned off the gas and began repair work on the line, Mbugua said. No buildings were evacuated. According to an email sent to students of Forbes College this morning, pedestrians to and from the college were being redirected during the repairs. Additionally, the Forbes lunch menu was modified while the pizza oven and grill were offline. Dining hall staff used a propane grill during repairs, Mbugua said. Dinner service was not affected, Dining Services announced on its website.

At the urging of several town council members, the Princeton Police Department will issue an official protocol this month clarifying the department’s role in federal immigration law enforcement. Confirming the department’s current practice, the protocol will publicly declare that the department will not become involved in raids by federal immigration authorities and will not investigate the legal status of immigrants who are arrested for minor violations. The resolution aims to inform the Princeton community — particularly immigrants — that law enforcement authorities “are not all the same,” Princeton Police Capt. Nick Sutter said. “We [as local police] have a different charge than the federal authorities do,” Sutter added. The resolution will not alter the department’s current procedures in any way, Sutter said, as the department has generally stayed out of federal immigration enforcement in the past. Currently, local police officers neither conduct immigration checks as part of daily law enforcement nor participate in raids led by Immigration and Customs Enforcement, a federal body. This separation of authority has caused misunderstandings. When ICE conducted a raid of Princeton resident Jose Ramirez’s home on See IMMIGRATION page 2

LILIA XIE :: ASSOCIATE PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

Former University president William Bowen GS ’68 discussed the future of online education at a public lecture in McCosh 50 on Monday night.

Former University President William G. Bowen GS ’58 argued that “online education is here to stay” in a lecture in McCosh 50 on Monday night, saying that universities must work to find solutions to the challenges posed by technological advances. The national discourse surrounding the growing prevalence of massive open online courses, or MOOCs, has become increasingly relevant to the University in recent years, where several professors have adopted Coursera, a massive online education platform that allows professors to offer online courses to students off-campus. University President Christopher Eisgruber ’83, who has indicated his support for a greater role for online education in the past, acknowledged the cost considerations driving the

popularity of MOOCs in a May lecture. Eisgruber also sits on the board of advisers for Coursera. In a recent interview, University Provost David Lee GS ’99 said that he also supported the idea of using online courses to enhance the undergraduate education Princeton offers but did not necessarily consider online education a central aspect of its mission. Bowen’s latest book, “Higher Education in the Digital Age,” published last year, suggested that initiatives like MOOCs may offer a way to close the gap between wealthier and less wealthy educational institutions. While Bowen said on Monday that more rigorous research is needed to determine the efficacy of online courses, he said he believes that such courses have an immense potential to benefit higher education. “It would be splendid if the MOOCs … could be harnessed See EDUCATION page 2

ACADEMICS

U. debate on climate change grows heated at physics colloquium By Greta Shum staff writer

The threat posed to humanity by climate change is questionable, University physics professor William Happer GS ’64 said in a talk Thursday at the physics department’s monthly colloquium. Happer’s comments came in response to an annual report on the state of climate change released by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in September, with whose findings he disagreed. Two weeks earlier, Happer had shared the same views at a talk celebrating Institute for Advanced Study physicist Freeman Dyson’s 90th birthday. Happer’s criticism of the link between greenhouse

gases and carbon dioxide contributing to global warming has been a point of contention among the academic community, including his peers at the University. In his Thursday discussion, titled “Why Has Global Warming Paused?”, Happer directly challenged the IPCC report that supported the link between human greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. Contrary to the report, Happer said that increased carbon dioxide emissions would not pose a problem for humanity. Over the past 15 years, temperatures have not risen as high as scientists, including himself, have predicted, Happer pointed out. He suggested that current models that predict rising global temperatures

are flawed, citing a recent Nature article that included a provocative graph of climate models predicting higher temperatures than what was eventually measured. Many audience members questioned Happer’s views, including University geosciences and international affairs professor Michael Oppenheimer, who sat on the IPCC. According to Oppenheimer, the report “fine-tuned” most of previously collected evidence for the immediate danger posed by climate change, including extreme temperatures, precipitation and rising sea levels. Oppenheimer said the report clarified areas that need further research, such as exact predictions of sea levels. Echoing the report’s statement, audience members said

that since ocean temperature dynamics have not been understood completely, the discrepancy between models and measured temperatures could be explained by heat absorption by the ocean. While Happer agreed that more emphasis should be put on collecting data on the oceans, he also maintained that he would be more impressed with correct prediction than trend-fitting in hindsight. Happer said he is used to having his views questioned, both by the academic community at large and by his colleagues. While Happer said he has felt very comfortable and welcome within his department — garnering support from Dyson — those in the field of climate research do not see his views as substantiated.

According to Oppenheimer, Happer has not recently published substantial data about climate change to support his arguments. “Professor Happer to my knowledge doesn’t publish in the scientific literature on this subject, and therefore there’s no reason to pay his scientific opinion much weight on this,” Oppenheimer said. “As a citizen, he’s entitled to his views on what we should do about it, but his scientific views don’t count for anything.” Another colleague who takes issue with Happer’s claims is astrophysical sciences professor Michael Lemonick, who is a writer at large for Climate Central, a nonprofit located in Princeton that works to model weather patterns of the future, See WARMING page 2


The Daily Princetonian

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Tuesday october 15, 2013

Ex-U. president discusses online learning Happer GS ’64 questions climate threat EDUCATION Continued from page 1

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to address at least some of the all-too-real challenges facing the large number of public universities that educate the vast majority of undergraduates in this country,” he said, citing cuts in government funding and the lack of adequate enrollment in institutions of higher learning. Calling education an “engine of social mobility,” Bowen said that discussions of higher education must be accompanied by consideration of how online learning will affect less privileged institutions. “As public support for higher education diminishes,” Bowen said, “students at these institutions are increasingly the ‘havenots,’” he said, warning that additional budget cuts could encourage state governments to utilize online courses as a way

to fund education on the cheap. “It would be a tragedy if new approaches to teaching widened divides between the ‘haves’ and ‘have-nots’ in our society.” Bowen’s concerns about state funding for education echo concerns by other Princeton professors who have criticized Coursera and other online education providers in recent years. Professor of sociology Mitchell Duneier, an early proponent of online education, told the Chronicle he stopped teaching his courses through Coursera because he said, like Bowen, that online education encouraged state legislatures to curb funding for public institutions. Some professors have also argued that online education could eclipse in-person learning at numerous universities. Earlier this year, a group of professors from San Jose State University argued in an open letter to Harvard University professor Michael Sandel

that “administrators at the CSU [California State University System] are beginning a process of replacing faculty with cheap online education.” In response to these claims, Bowen said that it was unlikely that online education would entirely replace traditional methods of learning. “There is much to be said for an intelligent division of labor … I can envision a world where universities adopt a portfolio approach to education,” he said. “Ideally, students would be encouraged to choose a variety or mix of courses that employ a wide variety of teaching styles.” This combination of online and in-person courses, he explained, could help students adapt to different methods of learning. The lecture, titled “Academia Online: Musings,” was part of the University’s Public Lecture Series.

WARMING Continued from page 1

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and a former senior science writer for Time magazine. “The people I respect in climate science do not take most of what Happer says even a little bit seriously,” Lemonick said. “He’s truly considered to be someone who does not know what he’s talking about.” “I occasionally get copies of letters demanding that I be fired, and the University has not … That’s not meant to be taken seriously — you know they’ll send me copies with a comforting note,” Happer said. “A lot of people make great livings out of being environmental reporters and saving

the planet: [Andrew] Revkin at The New York Times, Oppenheimer here and Lemonick ... So you know, they’re doing very well. It won’t last. I don’t know how much longer this can go on.” Happer pointed to easily attainable private and public funding for climate research as an incentive that has inflated the issue. “To have honorary degrees showered on Al Gore when he doesn’t even get the hurricane direction right on the cover of his book, what sort of movement is this?” he said. Happer directed the $3 billion research budget at the U.S. Department of Energy under the Clinton administration, where he interacted with thenVice President and Nobel Laureate Gore.

Despite their opposing views, both Oppenheimer and Happer said they see a role for the University as a place of research to improve knowledge of climate change and “get the science right,” Happer said, about the consequences of greenhouse gases. Oppenheimer added that it is also a place where students from all disciplines may become actively involved in the cause. Though Happer’s views have been unpopular, he said he sees the University as a place where different opinions can coexist. “The University, the word itself, means all views,” he explained. “I think the best thing they could do is to let all flowers bloom, so to speak.”

Princeton not made a sanctuary city IMMIGRATION Continued from page 1

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Sept. 4, Ramirez’s roommate reported to Princeton police that his roommate had been taken away. ICE typically contacts local authorities prior to a raid as a courtesy, but in this case the ICE officers did not. In response to the call, Princeton Police dispatched several officers to the scene in order to eliminate the possibility of criminal activity. This case, Sutter said, is indicative of a perception held by many local immigrants “that the police are the police regardless of their affiliation.” Local residents often do not distinguish between the federal ICE authorities who conduct these

raids and the local policemen who respond to 911 calls, leading to confusion and disorder during such raids, Sutter said. The aim of this resolution is to foster a better relationship between the immigrant community and the Princeton police, Sutter explained. Fears of deportation or criminal charges can prevent illegal immigrants from coming forward as either witnesses or victims of crimes, although these fears are largely unfounded. In fact, Sutter said, local police do not look into the immigration status of a potential witness or victim except in rare cases when ordered to do so by a higher federal authority. Publicly issuing this protocol and alleviating these fears, Sutter said, would serve “to in-

crease the trust and acceptance of the police department in all the communities.” While the protocol does not make Princeton a sanctuary for immigrants, the department says it intends to send a clear signal to the immigrant community that local police are not seeking their deportation. Princeton is the latest of many New Jersey municipalities, including Trenton, Hightstown and Newark, to make a declaration regarding the separation between local and federal immigration enforcement responsibilities. The Princeton action was proposed in early September as a Council resolution by a council subcommittee in consultation with Sutter and the Latin American Legal Defense and Education Fund.

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The Daily Princetonian

Tuesday october 15, 2013

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Gellman ’82 criticized “secrecy and closed-door decisions” in his time at U. SECURITY Continued from page 1

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“He’s an extremely smart guy and has always been able to think about 10 steps ahead. Part of his intelligence is his ability to see the big picture, to see a pattern,” Washington Post reporter Joel Achenbach ’82, who was editorial chairman at the ‘Prince’ under Gellman, said. “That ability to see the story is something he had at a really young age.” He also led the campus newspaper with a sense of humor. During the 1981 Yale-Harvard football game, Achenbach said, the ‘Prince’ editors went up to New Haven and distributed a fake issue of The Yale Daily News. The issue included a fake story about a drug probe of the two teams and caused an uproar in the crowd at the game, according to a story published by the Princeton Alumni Weekly. “Bart not only orchestrated the whole thing; he also made sure we got news coverage for it, like in The New York Times,“ Achenbach said. The Yale campus newspaper got back at him at the beginning of the 1982-83 school year, when Gellman had already left the University, distributing a fake issue of the ‘Prince’ on campus. One of the articles in the fake issue said that Gellman had plagiarized his senior thesis from a magazine he had allegedly found at a dentist’s office in Trenton. Since then, Gellman has maintained ties with Princeton. He is currently a visiting lecturer and authorin-residence at the Wilson School, where he last taught WWS 384: Secrecy, Accountability and the National Security State in fall 2012.

More than the secrecy beat Gellman began his reporting career at The Washington Post, writing about the D.C. district courts. He extended his reporting overseas as a foreign correspondent in Jerusalem, covering the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and afterwards served as the Post’s diplomatic correspondent. Gellman went on to garner significant attention for reporting on national security issues. He broke a number of stories related to 9/11 and the Iraq War and won the Pulitzer Prize in 2008 for a series on then-Vice President Dick Cheney with reporter Jo Becker. He then published a best-selling book on Cheney, called “Angler: the Cheney Vice Presidency.” His contemporaries say he is a multifaceted journalist whose expertise extends into several fields. “Bart’s written about national security and become an expert on secrecy, but he’s not a beat reporter on the spying industry. He’s looked at secrecy from a lot of different angles,” former Post Managing Editor Phil Bennett, who worked directly with Gellman, said. Gellman said that even before he started working on national security stories, he began to develop his interest and knowledge about electronic security systems. He believed he had a professional need to keep his sources’ information confidential and secure. As he did more research on how to do this, he realized how hard it is for an ordinary citizen to truly keep information private. “Honestly, it is a little like falling down a rabbit hole. Every time you think you’ve got all the gaps filled, you find out there’s another one,” Gellman said. “There has to be an element of po-

litical debate and regulation and legislation because there are some things that technology permits government and private industry to do that you just can’t defend against.” “He’s always been someone who’s very concerned about encryption and cybersecurity and issues like that. He’s taken those precautions and learned that tradecraft, and I believe that’s helped him in doing [the Snowden] stories,” said Washington Post Assistant Managing Editor for Investigations Jeff Leen, who worked with Gellman on the Cheney series. This reputation proved to be key in his future involvement with Snowden and his

“If Edward Snowden had called me and said, ‘Hey can you recommend a reporter who would be ideal to leak this stuff to?”, I would have said Bart.’ Phil Bennett

former managing editor, the washington post

NSA files. Snowden’s secrets Late last year, Gellman said, Laura Poitras, an independent documentary filmmaker who has experience reporting on surveillance, contacted him regarding certain confidential govern-

ment documents. She had reached out to him because an anonymous informant had contacted her using advanced communication means that Gellman had taught Poitras how to use. The source claimed to have proof that the NSA, an intelligence agency within the Department of Defense, was essentially spying on American citizens. Gellman’s first action upon receiving the documents, he said, was to present them to government officials and explicitly ask them if they were authentic. “I’ve had plenty of nut cases come to me over the years. I’ve had people who are naive and thought they had a big scoop. I’ve had people who use reasonably authenticlooking, reasonably sophisticated fakes in order to get a story that they wanted,” Gellman explained. “My first order of business was to figure out, ‘Are these documents real?’” Once Gellman had confirmed that the documents involved in this summer’s NSA stories were in fact authentic, he began communicating with Snowden through Poitras. He then set up a direct channel with Snowden, who sent him additional documents. He declined to share details of their communication method and frequency, due to a confidential source agreement. The knowledge he gained from his work investigating Cheney’s vice presidency led him to believe that these documents were significant and groundbreaking, he said. With this information in hand, Gellman began breaking stories about the NSA with the Post, a newspaper he had left in 2010 but through which he has been publishing his stories on a freelance basis. One of those pieces, pub-

lished this June, was a collaboration with Poitras on the NSA’s PRISM program in which Gellman named nine major Internet companies that have released large amounts of private consumer data to the U.S. government. The government had verified the documents but requested that he withhold the names of these companies, which included giants such as Apple and Google. Gellman said he disregarded the advice because he did not consider that protecting these companies was a legitimate reason to prevent their disclosure. In the end, the Post published the names. “I’m not against big data; I’m against the sort of promiscuous use of big data,” he said.

we use? Traitor,” Levin said in “Secrecy,” a documentary about government secrecy produced by two Harvard professors. In a following sequence in the documentary, Gellman responded to Levin, called himself a patriot and said that allowing the government, and the government alone, to decide what the public should know is “profoundly un-American.” In regards to the Snowden stories, Gellman noted that he regularly consulted with the government while writing all his stories, making sure to remove or rewrite any information that he was convinced was “sensitive or potentially damaging” to national security.

Journalist, advocate, traitor? Unsurprisingly, Gellman has faced backlash from the government and accusation from critics who have found his actions to be unpatriotic and overreaching. Stewart Baker, a former assistant secretary for Policy at the Department of Homeland Security, corresponded with Gellman via email and publicly questioned his journalistic integrity. “Maybe it’s just me, but I don’t think anyone can read [Gellman’s response to Baker] without wondering whether Bart Gellman has slipped from journalist to advocate,” Baker wrote in a blog post. “Put another way, it seemed better to hold the truth back until it could be used to sandbag the adversary.” In a similar vein, Gellman was criticized in 2008 by Mike Levin, a former chief of information security at the NSA, for releasing national security secrets. “We have a special word for people who provide information to the enemy of their country. What word do

‘I am someone who tries to penetrate secret things.’ Barton gellman ’82

“Democracy isn’t free. John F. Kennedy didn’t say, ‘We will pay no price; we will bear no burden to secure the blessings of liberty.’ There’s always a trade-off,” he said. Gellman’s colleagues have also come to his defense and called his actions a service to the people. “In our system, giving people the information that they need to be self-governing is a supremely patriotic thing to do in my view, and I think he does that as well as anybody,” Bennett said. “If Edward Snowden had called me and said, ‘Hey can you recommend a reporter who would be ideal to leak this stuff to?’, I would have said Bart.”


Aaron Robertson

contributing columnist

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Aaron Robertson is a freshman from Detroit, Mich. He can be reached at aaroncr@princeton.edu.

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Changing perceptions of home

ven as a first-year college student, I struggle to define the importance of place in my own experience. Living in Princeton demands that I acknowledge differences between this vision of suburban grandeur and the contrasting urban minutiae of my most recent home, Detroit. It is important to address the significance of displacement from one’s origins (dare I say, one’s roots). By addressing the process of familiarization with a place, perhaps we can understand more clearly our own habits of self-identification in relation to physical spaces. Although I was born in Detroit, I had lived in the suburbs bordering the city for most of my life. Thus, as a child, I thought the realities of urbanity did not concern me. The spatial discrepancies between my home at any given time (I had lived at eight locations prior to moving to Detroit) and the city established an emotional distance from the concerns of inner-city life. Growing up in a comfortable environment similar to that of Princeton benumbed my preparedness for the “other” — that not-so-distant reality that lay only miles away. As a black male myself, I would later realize how peculiar it was that, for the first seven years of my life, I had few African-American acquaintances. Separated from typical perceptions of innercity culture, I held a myopic view of Detroit. In this way, suburbia served a dual role in my life. I adored it for its quasi-pastoral serenity; I would regret it for its prescriptive worldview. I could attribute the little I did know of Detroit to my grandparents, who had moved to the city soon after the 1967 riots. My grandmother’s unchanging mandate of safety restricted me from walking beyond their block unaccompanied. News of the city’s economic devastation, educational shortcomings and immoderate crime rates only reinforced my skepticism. Simply, I could not find Detroit’s appeal. But when I would visit the city, my grandfather would humble me. He was a gentle father geared toward a Southern sensibility. A retired firefighter for the city, he had many friends and emulators. In addition to maintaining and beautifying a local park, he sold clothes and hats as a vendor. Whether he was removing litter from his neighbors’ yards or dressing the city with fine attire, my grandfather wanted to help revitalize a place that was once the “Paris of the West.” Ewing’s sarcoma, a cancer, took his life in the summer of 2011. Beyond the immediate grief, I was shamed by my reluctance to embrace Detroit as he had done. If a man could devote himself to a place so freely, why couldn’t I open my eyes to it? My grandmother returned to Tennessee, and my mother and I moved into my grandparents’ old home as a symbolic gesture of preservation and renewal. Over the course of the following two years, I would immerse myself in the city, walking along the Detroit River to appreciate the Windsor-Ontario skyline, reading books on the edge of the fountain in Campus Martius Park, frequenting the small, locally-owned restaurants planted across the city. My conceptions of home shifted gradually from the outlying suburbs to this new, surprisingly familiar place. Perhaps it is because I made the transition to Princeton while trying to understand whether Detroit was my place of belonging that I felt the faintest sense of loss. It was as though by removing myself from this vision of home, I was constructing an irresolvable dissonance in my mind. Although Princeton is perhaps more reminiscent of my youth than Detroit, I suspect that whatever conceptions of “home” I may have lean away from simple comfort and physical security to a faux-romantic pursuit of urban fervor and undeterred movement. Here, it seems that my attempts to “become at home” involve harmonizing like elements so as to render a more familiar and inviting image. The process can often be quite nuanced. Consolidating the architectural elements of Alexander Hall with those of Saint Anne de Detroit Catholic Church, for example, allows a fluid exchange of sites peculiar to specific locations. Still, I can’t comfortably claim that I understand where my home truly is. Indicating a physical space may be the simplest solution. But there must be more. Whether I will learn to prize this new, intellectual domain as my primary (albeit temporary) home is undetermined. I think the ongoing discovery of home — whatever definition that word may imply — is an important narrative to consider. I urge all Princetonians to contemplate the degree to which we feel obligated to our birthplace — even those of us who call Princeton home. Once we graduate, having the advantages of a strong educational upbringing, where will we be expected to serve? Is there any goal superior to that of helping the community in which you were raised? I’m not yet fit to say. I suspect, however, that the kind of people we will be remembered as won’t be determined by one place alone. Instead, every location that fulfills us will, like a beautiful pigment, complicate the broad portrait of who we are.

Opinion

Tuesday october 15, 2013

Make of it what you will Isabella Gomes columnist

I

n his Oct. 7 column, Spencer Shen assessed the effectiveness of educational initiatives such as Sexual Harassment/Assault Advising, Resources & Education’s “Unless There’s Consent” program and AlcoholEdu. He decided that while they had honorable intentions, they merely represented “superficial investment[s] in reducing the amount of sexual harassment and abuse that happens on campus.” He further claimed that the University itself should take more extreme measures in correcting the sexually indiscriminate hookup scene of the Street. It was at this point that I started thinking about this idea of “effectiveness” in any kind of movement — after all, if we can even help one person, doesn’t that make the effort worth the trouble? While “Unless There’s Consent” or AlcoholEdu might not be dramatically reducing the 15 percent figure of female Princeton undergraduate students who have experienced “non-consensual vaginal penetration,” they still manage to educate students. Sure, there could always be improvements to both programs, but if these initiatives can save even a single victim of sexual harassment or teach one student about this issue, then there really shouldn’t be any argument against their implementation. In fact, we should hope for more of these programs, especially those that accommodate the University student’s ever-hectic lifestyle. We should realistically consider that most students might not have time to join a student organization that teaches them about sexual harassment prevention. They also might not have the energy to attend

a long conference meeting that talks about the dangers of underage drinking, but a student might respond to programs that manage to make these issues personal to him or her in a less intense way. Methods that spew out overwhelming statistics are less accessible to students. Rather, we should try to implement subtle, persistent techniques that could better transform the mindset of a student who was previously ignorant of these societal problems. If the University and student body could promote more of these programs, it would probably help to change the way students think about, talk about and approach partying on a more subconscious level. Shen alleges that “strict rules and harsh punishments like the Honor Code, or passive educational initiatives like AlcoholEdu ... cannot actually alter students’ behavior significantly unless there’s consent from the students.” But how can student behavior change if there’s no higher authority or driving force instigating the conversation? No one can really conceptualize what the college culture is unless they have experienced it. This means that before we enter college, regardless of the stories we’ve heard from older siblings or the fantasies we’ve constructed from watching movies, there is no institution set in place to teach us what the implications of being a college student at this time in history really means. This means that programs such as AlcoholEdu and “Unless There’s Consent” have the opportunity to alter students’ mindsets before we even have a chance to engage in potentially dangerous activities. Beyond what the University can do, we, as students, need to reinvent the idea of what the college culture should entail, just as the students in past generations who

have made it what it is. At every point in our college careers, we should vehemently reject this notion that “a campus culture which embraces partying and drinking will inevitably result in some occurrences of ‘non-consensual vaginal penetration.’” I know that I as well as many of my friends have gone to the Street without even the slightest fear or expectation that we would be subjected to any kind of harassment, and this makes me believe that it is possible — through education and collaborative effort — to create a college culture in which all students can feel this way. I’m not saying that we can definitively separate the idea of sexual interaction from the culture of social drinking and parties, but I believe that students should always be committed to dissociating the idea of harassment from the culture they’ve grown to enjoy. For many students, going to the Street will mean the possibility of hooking up or even the more innocent alternative of interacting with a potential romantic interest, but whatever the intention may be, we should be able to create an understanding that whatever happens during or after we leave the Street will be on our own terms and that our peers can and will respect the decisions we make. The majority of us have already shown that we are capable of creating an environment based on respect and trust through the fairly well adhered-to Honor Code established by the University. Only when we acknowledge that it is within our power to change whatever our generation’s college culture is can we make our experiences exactly what we want them to be. Isabella Gomes is a sophomore from Irvine, Calif. She can be reached at igomes@princeton.edu.

self-esteem

vol. cxxxvii

Luc Cohen ’14

editor-in-chief

Grace Riccardi ’14

business manager

BOARD OF TRUSTEES president Richard W. Thaler, Jr. ’73 vice presidents John G. Horan ’74 Thomas E. Weber ’89 secretary Kathleen Kiely ’77 treasurer Michael E. Seger ’71 Craig Bloom ’88 Gregory L. Diskant ’70 Richard P. Dzina, Jr. ’85 William R. Elfers ’71 Zachary A. Goldfarb ’05 John G. Horan ’74 Rick Klein ’98 James T. MacGregor ’66 Betsy J. Minkin ’77 Alexia Quadrani Jerry Raymond ’73 Annalyn Swan ’73 Douglas Widmann ’90

137TH BUSINESS BOARD business manager Grace Riccardi ’14 director of national advertising Nick Hu ’15 director of campus/local adversting Harold Li ’15 director of web advertising Matteo Kruijssen ’16 director of recruitment advertising Zoe Zhang ’16 director of operations Elliot Pearl-Sacks ’15 comptroller Kevin Tang ’16

terry o’shea ’16

.................................................. NIGHT STAFF 10.14.13 news Elizabeth Paul ’15 Warren Crandall ’15 copy Julie Aromi ’15 Oren Fliegelman ’16 Natalie Gasparowicz ’16 Alex Schindele-Murayama ’16 Michal Wiseman ’16 design Shirley Zhu ’16 Debbie Yun ’16

“Nothing ever happens in Princeton” Jiyoon Kim

contributing columnist

Update. Police are still on the scene. No injuries reported. Stay away from Nassau Hall.” “Stay away from area. Updates to follow.” These warning messages from the Princeton Telephone and E-mail Notification System and Princeton Alert interrupted students in their usual nighttime routines last Tuesday. Reactions were swift. On the Class of 2017 Facebook page, for example, students advised others not to venture outside. Others posted reassuring messages. Links to the The Daily Princetonian’s live coverage of the investigation, news sites reporting the incident and the University’s Twitter account popped up in the comments. My friends got worried calls from home, and my phone blew up as people wondered where everyone was, whether it would be safe to walk home and whether it would be in everyone’s best interests to cancel that evening’s practice. There was, however, also an unmistakable air of skepticism among some students. While many took caution to stay indoors, others

pressed on as though nothing had happened. Several teams chose not to cancel practice. Events such as residential college study breaks remained on schedule. As official updates failed to reveal anything new, impatience heightened; my friend joked that the initial report was probably a prank. The dismissive and nonchalant attitudes I encountered on Tuesday night reminded me of my initial reaction to the earthquake that devastated the Tohoku region of Japan in March 2011. It took my orchestra class a while to even realize the room was shaking, and when we finally did, we all poked fun at our principal cellist; we deemed her dramatic reaction, which had tipped us off to the tremor, to be an unnecessary overreaction. What was another minor tremor to people who had experienced harmless ones several times a year for over a decade? Even as the shakes continued longer than the average Tokyo mini-quake did, we maintained an air of joviality. It was exciting that after years of tedious practice runs, we finally got to experience a real evacuation drill. Some students forgot to leave their instruments inside and mimicked the scene

from the Titanic where the quartet remains on board to provide uplifting music to the panicking crowd. I spotted a middle school physical education class that had evacuated from the swimming pool and was amused to see my brother getting carried away in the excitement, despite his lips having turned blue from the chill. It took me a while to realize that tremors as long-lasting and strong as the ones we felt in Tokyo that day probably originated from an epicenter somewhere else. It took me a while to understand that somewhere out there, people could be in unimaginable danger. The shame and guilt I felt when I watched news footage of the devastation the earthquake and subsequent typhoon left behind in towns up north were unbearable. I had always known that Japan was prone to earthquakes that could be deadly, and yet years of minor, insignificant tremors left me complacent — just like we are, here at good old Princeton. Yes, the extent of the eventfulness of Tuesday night was the initial report. Yes, it is true that Princeton is remarkably safe. And yes, as the evening progressed, it seemed likely that there was no

real danger. It was understandable that students lowered their guard. But in a time where incidents of gun-related violence such as the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting and the shooting of Trayvon Martin have thrust the issue of gun control so prominently into the political spotlight, even we in the Orange Bubble should maintain an appropriate air of caution during a situation like that which arose on Tuesday night. This time, nothing happened. The notion that “nothing ever happens in Princeton” was reinforced. We live in a place where the sound of a hammer hitting a chisel may be the closest thing to a gunshot we will hear. However, we should always maintain, at the very least, caution and respect for the potential of danger. It’s easy to be lured into a sense of security and forget that accidents can happen and that real threats do exist. We never know when a warning or a report will prove true. Yes, the Orange Bubble is safe. But bubbles can pop. Jiyoon Kim is a freshman from Tokyo, Japan. She can be reached at ljkim@ princeton.edu.


The Daily Princetonian

Tuesday october 15, 2013

page 5

Princeton, NCAA fought over a GPA minimum required for athletic scholarships COLUMN Continued from page 6

.............

hold dear (in the present, at least) caused a rift that couldn’t be mended for well over a year. Despite Fairman’s assertion that Princeton should “be liberal” about the academic standing of its athletes, can a school that prides itself on the academic performance of its students allow itself to be liberal in such a way? Especially when the school’s allowance of such a liberty has an immediate and painful effect on its studentathletes (in this case, the sudden termination of their seasons and months of toil and effort to get that far)? It’s worth noting that in athletic powerhouses of other regions, the adherence to the student-athlete concept was laughable. It’s easy to understand the NCAA’s desire

to curb the blatant misuse of athletic scholarships by any means necessary (even by a rather paltry academic standard) to reemphasize the “student” in “studentathlete.” However, Goheen’s

Their pride forced the men of Princeton to miss out on competing on the highest stage of collegiate athletics. belief that “an athletic organization should [not] seek to determine academic policy” was a notion dangerous to the integrity of college sports.

It was all well and good for Goheen and the other Ivy League presidents to say such things, coming from places renowned for more than just their athletic performance. But not every university can be so fortunate. From a practical standpoint, doesn’t it make sense for a university that prides itself primarily on sports to go out and recruit the best athletes that they can find and let less than stellar transcripts go unnoticed? The burden, therefore, lay on Princeton to support the NCAA’s endeavor, not for its own sake, but for the sake of collegiate athletics as a whole. On any given issue, the opinions of officials at Princeton carry a significant amount of gravitas, and to come out against this measure by the NCAA was, in a sense, to implicitly approve of the shady recruiting tac-

tics other schools were employing. That is, a university should have the right to recruit athletes who may not

The burden, therefore, lay on Princeton to support the NCAA’s endeavor, not for it’s own sake, but for the sake of collegiate athletics as a whole. perform their duties as students. Dan Jenkins of Sports Illustrated, writing on the conflict at the time, correctly stated that “one would hope that [the rule] would not only be kept, but strengthened. A

Commitment to bettering the athletic department big concern brought up by students at open forum SEARCH

Continued from page 6

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with her teammates. “Things stay the same because it’s the way they’ve always been done, but I think there’s a lot of room for student feedback on the ways that things can be changed.” The feedback she suggested included feedback on coach evaluations, training schedules and things like team uniforms. She said she wants to move away from a “onesize-fits-all program” and move toward a program that can give different resources to different athletes. Senior jumper Imani Oliver of the track and field team said that she would like to see a new athletic director

who could work with athletes to make their athletic and academic balance at the University better by creating an explicit academic program for athletes. “I think we would benefit greatly from something that is geared especially toward athletes,” Oliver said. She acknowledged that programs like the McGraw Center and the Writing Center can be helpful for athletes but said that it’s hard to be able to effectively help the athletes unless “they’re actually looking at the athlete experience.” Oliver added that she would also like to see more attention given to the varsity athletics. “I definitely think that student-athletes, because they play such an impor-

tant role on campus, could be given more social attention on campus,” Oliver said. She said that athletic events should be advertised in the same way that the University advertises the Orange and Black Ball, for example. Freshman running back AJ Glass said he would like to see the University appoint Jim Bartko, the executive senior associate athletic director for development at the University of Oregon, to the position. Glass said that Bartko is very outgoing and has close ties to Nike, which sponsors the University’s athletics. Bartko would also be interested in the role of Princeton’s athletic director, Glass said. “There’s going to be no one with the connections that he has that can benefit the

MEN’S SOCCER

MARY HUI :: CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHER

The men’s soccer team is unbeaten in its last three games but will face one of its biggest challenges of the season when it goes to New York Tuesday night to take on nationally ranked St. John’s.

school and the athletics as well,” Glass said. Ozioma Obi-Onuoha, a sophomore on the women’s rugby team, said that she appreciated that Walters has created an LGBT-friendly athletic department, and she hopes the new athletic director could continue this progressive streak. Ratcliffe added that another good characteristic for an athletic director would be for the athletic director to get to know all of the athletes, not just the star athletes. “All sports should be given equal priority,” Oliver said at the end of the meeting. The forum took place at 8 p.m. on Monday evening in McCosh 10. The next forum is for faculty and staff and will take place on Tuesday.

change in the Ivy attitude would do much to enhance that league’s great traditions and give truer meaning to college sport.” Not until February 1967 would the issue be resolved and the Ivy League once again be permitted to compete in

NCAA championships. This lapse, however, does serve as a learning opportunity. As one of the world’s preeminent universities, Princeton’s actions set a standard for others to follow, and it is best to “encourage better educated athletes throughout the nation.”


Sports

Tuesday october 15, 2013

page 6

{ www.dailyprincetonian.com } AT H L E T I C D I R E C T O R S E A R C H

{ column }

Education vs. Athletics: Princeton and the NCAA, 1966 By Miles Hinson contributor

LILIA XIE :: ASSOCIATE PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

Junior club swimmer Eric Wang, Deputy Dean of the College Clayton Marsh and junior middle blocker Tiana Woolridge led the forum.

Open athletic director search forum held Monday By Anna Mazarakis staff writer

Students said they want an athletic director committed to bettering the athletic department at the first open forum in the search for the next athletic director on Monday. The committee was formed in order to replace Gary Walters ’67, who announced in early September that he would step down as

Princeton’s Ford Family Director of Athletics at the end of June. He has served as athletic director for 20 years. “It’s an open search,” Deputy Dean of the College Clayton Marsh said in response to sophomore hurdler and sprinter Teju Adewole, who asked whether the committee is considering current staff members. “We are looking at possibilities in all directions.” Marsh was joined in lead-

ing the open forum and hearing suggestions from students by junior middle blocker Tiana Woolridge of the women’s volleyball team and junior club swimmer Eric Wang, the two student representatives on the search committee. Wang is also the co-captain of the club swimming team and member of the Club Sports Executive Council. Marsh encouraged the six students who were in atten-

dance at the open forum to share what they believe are the most important challenges facing the athletic department and what qualities they hope to find in the next athletic director. “One of the big things that came up was having someone committed to bettering the program every year,” sophomore thrower Julia Ratcliffe said, referencing conversations she has had See SEARCH page 5

Princeton’s dual history as an athletic as well as academic powerhouse is welldocumented. Like its fellow Ivy League schools, Princeton promotes the coupling of these two fields, aiming to foster great minds and physical fitness among its students. It’s no wonder that the Department of Athletics under Gary Walters ’67 has adopted “Education through Athletics” as its slogan, since the former is considered an integral part of the latter. At the very least, Princeton’s academic requirements speak to this commitment. One would imagine that a look through Princeton’s archives would reveal the same desire to match academic excellence with athletic prowess. However, a look back to 1966 uncovers an interesting and potentially embarrassing moment in the history of Princeton (and the Ivies as a whole). That year, the NCAA created the 1.6 Rule — that is, only athletes able to maintain a GPA of 1.6 or more (C- average or above) were permitted to receive athletic scholarships, and those below 1.6 were considered ineli-

gible to play. On the surface, it seems that this issue has little to do with Princeton and the other Ivies at all — colleges that don’t award athletic scholarships of any kind. However, Princeton’s Athletic Director R. Kenneth Fairman and President Robert Goheen saw the matter rather differently. Goheen (who was also head of the Ivy League’s Presidents’ Policy Committee at the time) and the other Ivies refused to comply with the NCAA’s new rule, asking instead that the measure be thrown out. Though doing so would prevent their highperforming athletics programs from competing in NCAA championships, the Ivies decided not to capitulate. When asked why Princeton refused to comply with this relatively low standard, Fairman deemed the whole affair “simply a matter of principle.” Their pride forced the men of Princeton to miss out on competing on the highest stage of collegiate athletics. So began a prolonged struggle between the NCAA and the Ivies. A measure designed to enforce the principles that these universities See COLUMN page 5

THE

AROUND I V I E S

Almost halfway through the season, six of the eight Ivy League teams are at or above .500, and at least half the league still has legitimate championship hopes. Here’s how the league looks going into week five: Harvard (4-0 overall, 2-0 Ivy League): The only team to have played and won two league games this early in the season, the Crimson has allowed Brown and Cornell to put up 23 and 24 points, respectively. Still, Harvard’s offense has put up at least 34 points every time it has taken the field, with quarterback Conner Hempel averaging 267.7 passing yards per game.

1.

Princeton (3-1, 1-0): Last year’s 5-5 record gave Tiger fans reason to believe in the team, but nobody expected Princeton’s offense to put up the kind of numbers it has put up over its last three games. Junior quarterback Quinn Epperly has improved by leaps and bounds and now leads the Ancient Eight in passing efficiency, having passed for nine touchdowns and run for eight more. The Tigers’ next two weeks may be decisive in their quest for championship: They will take on Brown and Harvard on the road.

2.

Penn (2-2, 1-0): The Quakers have earned two close wins and suffered two equally hard-fought losses already this season. They outlasted Dartmouth earlier this month to open their Ivy schedule with a win, and they are all but guaranteed a win at Columbia this weekend. The toughest part of their title defense will be away games against Brown and Harvard, but if they come out of those games unscathed, they will be in the driver’s seat as they face Cornell and Princeton at home.

3.

Dartmouth (2-2, 1-1): Bouncing back from a heartbreaking loss to Penn, the Big Green came back in the second half of its homecoming game to take down Yale last weekend. Senior running back Dominick Pierre, who leads the Ancient Eight in rushing and has six rushing touchdowns, was named Ivy League Offensive Player of the Week, and nickelback Mike Banaciski earned Player of the Week honors on the other side of the ball.

4.

Yale (3-1, 1-1): The Bulldogs forgot last year’s 1-9 season in a hurry, winning their first three games. Junior tailback Tyler Varga, an important enough part of Yale’s offense that he has his own page on the team’s website, averages 129.8 rushing yards per game and senior quarterback Henry Furman has unexpectedly come into his own. They’ve proven they’re a contender, but after last weekend’s loss to Dartmouth, the Bulldogs will probably need to win the remainder of their Ivy games to take the title.

5.

Brown (3-1, 0-1): The Bears have won big in every game except their first Ivy matchup, which they dropped to Harvard 41-23. Despite its lapse against the Crimson, the Bears’ defense is the best in the league against the pass, which makes Saturday’s matchup with Princeton a classic case of an unstoppable force running into an unmovable object.

6. 7. 8.

Cornell (1-3, 0-2): Despite the best efforts of quarterback Jeff Mathews, who has 10 passing touchdowns and averages an astounding 361 passing yards per game, the Big Red finds itself on the outside looking in, needing to win out and benefit from a perfect storm of losses from its Ivy foes in order to win the Ivy League. Cornell will play its final non-Ivy game in Ithaca against Monmouth before Brown visits on Oct. 26. Columbia (0-4, 0-1): The Lions have been outscored 166-38 in their first four games and show no sign of getting better. The biggest and possibly only bright spot left for them continues to be senior tailback Marcorus Garrett, who averages over 100 yards per game on the ground.

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