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The Daily Northwestern Wednesday, October 31, 2018


3 CAMPUS/Resarch

Remembering Tex Winter’s time at NU

Northwestern researchers publish findings that pets may be able to keep the time

Find us online @thedailynu 4 OPINION/Editorial

NU students: Please vote in the midterms

High 58 Low 47

Saudi org’s funds to NU questioned NU received $14.4 million from gov. organization By ALAN PEREZ

daily senior staffer @_perezalan_

Northwestern received $14.4 million from a Saudi government science and technology research organization, according to data from the U.S. Education Department. The revelation comes after the death of a prominent journalist carried out by government officials sparked renewed outrage toward the regime earlier this month. The King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, a government research institution, gave the money to Northwestern in the form of contracts and a $45,000 monetary gift, according to the data. The Saudi government gave money to other prominent universities, including Stanford, Harvard and the University of California, Berkeley. The ties have come under fire after Jamal Khashoggi, a

Five reports of assault made to UP

Five reports of sexual assault have been made to University Police this month, a rise from zero for the same period a year ago. Two of the reports are still open, according to UP’s crime blotter. UP referred comment to Northwestern spokesman Bob Rowley, who said he doesn’t have details to share at this time as privacy laws limit what can be said. One report made reference to an incident in 1997. Sarah Wake, the interim associate vice president for equity, said earlier this month that Northwestern students had been coming forward to report past sexual misconduct incidents after the Brett Kavanugh hearing. “My general impression is that people are coming forward to the Office of Equity and other campus partners to discuss incidents that happened in their past because the testimony inspired them (or) evoked difficult memories,” Wake said at the time, declining to provide specifics. The two open reports were made on Oct. 28. One allegedly occurred Oct. 27 on Gaffield Place, while the other on Oct. 28 on Ridge Avenue. — Alan Perez

Saudi writer for the Washington Post, was killed inside a Saudi consulate in Turkey. The kingdom, in changing and sometimes contradictory accounts, has described the incident as one carried out by rogue government operatives, though Turkish officials and others suspect high-level Saudi officials ordered the Khashoggi’s death, including the Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. The kingdom has denied the accusation. Some universities have said they are reconsidering their Saudi funding. Northwestern spokesman Bob Rowley said a “vast majority” of the money funds basic faculty science grants, but did not answer questions regarding whether the University is reviewing its own Saudi relationship. Khashoggi was on selfimposed exile and was critical of the Saudi government in his columns for The Washington Post. U.S. President Donald Trump, after seeming to accept the kingdom’s explanation, called the incident “the worst cover up ever” last week.

Daily file photo by Colin Boyle

Ald. Peter Braithwaite (2nd) at a city meeting. Aldermen on Monday discussed the possible cuts to the Department of Health and Human Services.

Council seeks to save health dept

Alderman may keep specialist to allow department to keep certification By KRISTINA KARISCH

daily senior staffer @kristinakarisch

A number of proposed cuts to the Department of Health and Human Services may be

restored, following budget discussions during Monday’s City Council meeting. Aldermen had expressed their concerns about the potential department cuts and restructuring, which are meant to help fill the city’s projected $7.4 million

Atwood talks iconic book

Author discusses ‘Handmaid’s Tale’ influences By WILSON CHAPMAN

daily senior staffer @wilsonchapman10

Hulu’s take on “The Handmaid’s Tale” series had already begun filming when the 2016 election season began. The day after Donald Trump was

elected as president of the United States, the creative team for the adaptation of writer Margaret Atwood’s famous dystopian novel suddenly found themselves working on a completely different show. “On November 9, 2016, people in the Hulu show, who were in the middle of shooting,

woke up that morning and thought, ‘we’re in a different show,’” Atwood said at the One Book One Northwestern keynote speech on Tuesday. “Not that anything changed in the scripts, but the frame changed. So instead of being seen as » See ATWOOD, page 6

Brian Meng/Daily Senior Staffer

Margaret Atwood speaks at One Book One Northwestern event. The author discussed the enduring power of her novel “The Handmaid’s Tale” in conversation this Tuesday.

Serving the University and Evanston since 1881

deficit for fiscal year 2019. Included in the original proposal was a cut of the department’s communicable disease specialist, its assistant director and a community health educator. However, Illinois state law requires the position to be

filled for the department to be recognized and receive federal and state funding. The specialist collaborates with medical providers and residents to investigate reports of infectious » See HEALTH, page 6

Early voting rate expected to rise Early voting is at the Civic Center through Monday By SOPHIA ESQUENAZI

the daily northwestern

As Evanston residents decide who they will vote for in the midterm elections, many have chosen to cast their ballots through early voting. Beginning last Monday and ending on Monday, Nov. 5, Evanston residents can submit their votes for the various elections that will take place on Nov. 6. While Election Day voting continues to comprise the majority of votes, early voting continues to draw more and more residents, according to data from the Cook County Clerk’s office. This process can be done in the form of in-person voting by appearing at a local elections office or other designated location, or through absentee voting. The data showed that preelection day voting in Evanston accounted for 26.7 percent of all ballots cast in the 2014 midterm elections, a 68.5 percent increase from the 2010 election. During that period, more mail ballots were cast in Cook County than

in any election in the county’s history. City Clerk Devon Reid said Tuesday that 5,633 individuals have voted early in Evanston so far. The clerk’s office expects to see a turnout of over 60 percent for this election, he said, with early voting accounting for 25 to 28 percent of votes. Pre-election day voting is an important aspect of elections, as it provides several benefits to registered voters, including greater flexibility in scheduling time to vote and a reduction in wait time, Reid said. It also has the potential to increase voter turnout and expand the electorate, as many individuals are unable to vote in-person on Election Day. Political science Prof. Thomas Ogorzalek said in general, early voting is a step in the right direction in terms of increasing participation. “Different people will vote, and especially more people will vote if we make it easier,” Ogorzalek said. “It makes it more convenient for them, but it’s not clear that it changes the content of the electorate that much.” Typically those who vote early are more likely to be » See VOTING, page 6

INSIDE: Around Town 2 | On Campus 3 | Opinion 4 | Classifieds & Puzzles 6 | Sports 8



AROUND TOWN Ethics board advises Rainey recusal By CLARE PROCTOR

daily senior staffer @ceproctor23

The Evanston Board of Ethics advised that Ald. Ann Rainey (8th) recuse herself from voting on any future matters concerning the proposed demolition of the Harley Clarke Mansion, board member Karena Bierman wrote in an email to The Daily. “It was moved and adopted that recusal would be appropriate in light of the Board’s findings, but we do not have the authority to require it,” Bierman said. The recommendation accompanies the board’s findings that Rainey violated the Evanston Code of Ethics on three counts. The board reviewed two complaints against Rainey surrounding her involvement with the group Evanston Lighthouse Dunes, whose plan to demolish the Harley Clarke Mansion in north Evanston was approved in July. The first complaint against Rainey — filed by Nancy Sreenan, an Evanston resident who supports the restoration of the mansion — alleges that Rainey forwarded an email Sreenan sent to City Council to members of the Evanston Lighthouse Dunes group. The email urged the council to oppose the mansion’s demolition. After deliberating, the board found Rainey lacking impartiality because of “disparaging comments” she made about Sreenan in emails exchanged with members of the Evanston Lighthouse Dunes group, Bierman said at Thursday’s meeting. However, forwarding the emails was not found to be a violation of the Code of Ethics because the email was considered public, meaning there was no expectation of privacy. At Thursday’s meeting, Rainey declined to comment to the Daily about the board’s decision. Evanston residents Clare Kelly and Lori Keenan filed a second joint complaint, raising six claims against Rainey, two of which the board did not have jurisdiction over. The claims included that Rainey solicited funds for the Evanston

Tires slashed in north Evanston

Evanston Police Department officers responded to a report of slashed tires on a gray 2007 Ford Escape in the 1400 block of Foster Street in west Evanston on Monday morning. A 25-year-old Evanston resident called the police after discovering two of her tires were flat, said Evanston police Cmdr. Ryan Glew. The resident told officers that her neighbor sent her a Facebook message at around 2:30 in the morning, saying she saw air coming out of the tires but not who slashed them, Glew said. He added that a side view mirror was missing, and that there was granulated sugar near the gas cap. The resident didn’t know who slashed her tires, but told officers that an “ex-boyfriend might have been upset due to a recent breakup,” Glew added.

Cash stolen from Soapies

Daily file photo by Noah Frick-Alofs

EPD officers responded to a report of a burglary from the Soapies dry cleaner at 2504 Gross Point Rd. in west Evanston on Monday morning. Sometime between Saturday night and Monday morning, someone pried open the rear door’s mail slot, broke the deadbolt and took $350 from the cash drawer, Glew said. Soapies does not have any security cameras or alarms, Glew added. ­— Cameron Cook

Ald. Ann Rainey (8th) at a city meeting. The Board of Ethics recommended that Rainey recuse herself from votes on Harley Clarke.

Lighthouse Dunes using her city email, as well as mocked Keenan — including when she told Keenan “f–k you” and “don’t mess with me” following an Election Board meeting in August. The Board of Ethics ruled that Rainey violated the city’s statute of impartiality and abuse of power as an elected official. In its recommendation to City Council, the board advised that the council reminds elected officials to avoid partiality in speaking with constituents, including via email. Kelly said in an email to The Daily that the recommendation for recusal is the “most

important piece” of the board’s decision. Keenan is unsure of how effective the recommendation will be, she said in an email to The Daily. The board’s ruling is not legally binding — it serves as an advisory opinion and will be presented to the Rules Committee and then to City Council. Findings from the Oct. 16 and 25 meetings will be summarized and reviewed at the board’s next meeting on Nov. 20.

! of es ar um ye st h co 0t ng r 2 ni Ou win d ar




Setting the record straight A story in Tuesday’s paper titled “Hundreds mourn during vigil” misquoted Michael Simon. He urged attendees to stand together for “whatever comes next.” The Daily regrets the error.


Are you ready to venture where others fear to go?




ALLISON DAVIS Lecture Series Noliwe Rooks An interdisciplinary scholar, Noliwe Rooks’s work explores how race and gender both impact and are impacted by popular culture, social history and political life in the United States. Rooks works on the cultural and racial implications of beauty, fashion and adornment; educational inequality; race, food and the politics of the city, and Black women’s studies. The author of four books and numerous articles, essays and OpEd’s, she received her B.A. from Spelman College where she majored in English and her M.A. and PhD degrees in American Studies from the University of Iowa. She has received funding from organizations such as the Ford Foundation and the Woodrow Wilson School Educational Research Center to aid in her research into issues surrounding race-based inequality, economics and education and is a frequent contributor to popular publications such as The Chronicle of Higher Education, Time Magazine and The Hill. Rooks’s most current book is Cutting School: Privatization, Segregation, and the End of Public Education, published by The New Press in 2017 and her current research, explores, racial and economic segrenomics, Black women and the politics of cannabis production and economic development in the United States.

The Segrenomics of American Public Education: Why Segregated Education is Too Lucrative to End


Lost Eras

1511 W. Howard (773) 764-7400 2 Blocks east of Howard EL • 5 minutes south of campus

Extended Halloween hours! 10 a.m.–7 p.m. [Monday–Saturday] 12 p.m.–5 p.m. [Sunday]

This talk will explore the history and present of our current system of apartheid education in the United States and discuss what progressive change might look like.

Wednesday, October 31, 2018


McCormick Foundation Center Auditorium 1870 Campus Drive • Northwestern University • Evanston, IL Reception to follow. Free and open to the public. No tickets or reservations required.

The Allison Davis Lecture Series is sponsored by Weinberg College and the Edith Kreeger Wolf Endowment.

For more information, contact Suzette Denose at 847.491.5122 •




ON CAMPUS NU researchers find pets can tell time By DANIELLE SPITZ

the daily northwestern @danielle_spitz

aNd styliNg shop Editor in Chief Nora Shelly

General Manager Stacia Campbell

Pets might be counting down the seconds until their owners say they can move and have a treat, according to a new Northwestern study that found new evidence to support animals’ ability to judge time. The study, conducted by neurobiology Prof. Daniel Dombeck and postdoctoral fellow James Heys, focused on the medial entorhinal cortex in the brains of mice to look for signs of neurological activity during times of immobility. The findings were published in the journal Nature Neuroscience on Oct. 22. “We were inspired to try to understand more broadly what are the features of this part of the brain, including how does it play it a role in encoding time,” Heys said. Located in the temporal lobe, the medial entorhinal cortex is involved in forming episodic memories, which are memories of experience, Heys said. This part of the brain encodes two different elements of memories: space and time. Previous research has mostly looked into the spatial aspect, but Heys said he and Dombeck wanted to focus on the aspect of time. Many mammals — not just cats and dogs — share this brain region, allowing Dombeck and Heys to make the educated guess that other animals can tell time. Humans also have a medial entorhinal cortex, and this research could be used to study the effects of neurodegenerative diseases — such as Alzheimer’s and dementia — on these timing cells, Dombeck said. This brain region is one of the first to be affected by Alzheimer’s disease in humans, Dombeck said. If this region serves the same purpose to encode time in humans as it does in mice, Dombeck said it could then be used as an early diagnostic tool to look at dementia. “That’s one of the hopes when we make a discovery like this,” Dombeck said. “We look at the

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Northwestern researchers found new evidence that animals are able to judge time

diseases that are out there that affect humans and we start to make guesses as to where this sort of discovery might have an impact.” The team used virtual reality technology to eliminate other behavioral factors found in mice so that they could be certain they were studying the behavior of timing, Heys said. In the experiment, a mouse runs on a treadmill in a virtual reality setting that is designed to look like a hallway, according to a University news release. Along the hallway is a door, where the mouse waits for six seconds until it opens, signaling to the mouse that it can proceed to collect its reward. The next step was making the door invisible. The mice would still figure out where along the path the door was because of the floor’s changing textures, and they continued to wait six seconds at

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the now-invisible door before darting to receive a reward. The researchers analyzed the mice’s brain activity as they waited at the door using twophoton microscopy, Dombeck said. This involves scanning a laser beam across the medial entorhinal cortex to excite fluorescent indicators placed inside the neurons that indicate how active the timing cells are, Dombeck said. “We looked for these active neurons and we found subsets of the cells that were active when the animal was resting that nobody knew about before,” Dombeck said. “These cells as a population are acting like a clock. They’re sitting there ticking out how much time the animal’s been waiting at the door.”

The Daily Northwestern is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, except vacation periods and two weeks preceding them and once during August, by Students Publishing Co., Inc. of Northwestern University, 1999 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208; 847-491-7206. First copy of The Daily is free, additional copies are 50 cents. All material published herein, except advertising or where indicated otherwise, is Copyright 2018 The Daily Northwestern and protected under the “work made for hire” and “periodical publication” clauses of copyright law. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to The Daily Northwestern, 1999 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208. Subscriptions are $175 for the academic year. The Daily Northwestern is not responsible for more than one incorrect ad insertion. All display ad corrections must be received by 3 p.m. one day prior to when the ad is run.

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Wednesday, October 31, 2018


The midterm elections are too crucial to skip voting Over the past few weeks, we’ve been bombarded with messages about voting, with celebrities, politicians and journalists urging their followers on social media to head to the polls. While it may seem like much of our current political situation will remain the same for another two years until the next presidential election, there is still much to be decided in the upcoming Nov. 6 midterm election. On Tuesday, voters will have the opportunity to elect 435 Representatives, 34 Senators, 36 state governors and thousands of state legislators, as well as many other state and local officials. As a country, we tend to focus on the problems with the way our federal

government is run. While this concern is valid, many of the same issues we see on a national level manifest themselves in local elections, affecting us much more concretely. Midterms are a chance to change the conversations happening at the local, state and federal levels, whether you cast your ballot in Illinois or in your home state. As difficult as it may be to worry about voting amid studying, working and other activities, Northwestern students still have access to voting in a way that many in the country do not. There are several organizations on campus and in the city of Evanston that will help you make your voice heard. NUVotes is a great resource to help inform your decision. They

will drive you to the polls, if you’re voting early in Evanston, or they will help you get a stamp for an absentee ballot. If you’re a Northwestern student who is eligible to vote, there are few good excuses not to: Make the time and take advantage of these resources. There are a lot of names and initiatives on the ballots as well, regardless of where you live, so look up who the candidates are on nonpartisan websites (like BallotReady and Rock the Vote) to read up on their platforms and past voting histories, and research the referendums posed to your state. If you are able and willing to cast a vote, make sure it’s an informed one. Finally, don’t let this general election be

your last brush with civic engagement. Continue to inform yourself about important issues, connect with local activist groups on and off campus and participate in organizations that further your values. Even if, for whatever reason, you cannot cast a ballot this year, continue to fight for your voice to be heard. Voting is a great first step, but as young adults, we need to continue this wave of energy for years to come. This piece represents the majority opinion of the Editorial Board of The Daily Northwestern. The views expressed in this piece do not necessarily reflect the views of all staff members or Editorial Board members of The Daily Northwestern.

Double majoring lets me explore the subjects I want A. PALLAS GUTIERREZ


In a column in the New York Times’s opinion section, David Leonhardt advised college students, “Do not double major.” I’m going to do it anyway. Leonhardt’s main argument is that college students are prohibited from exploring many pathways by double majoring. He quotes Jacqueline Sanchez, a student at Wellesley College, who wrote, “Double majoring ultimately prevents students from exploring many different disciplines.” At least at Northwestern, this is mathematically untrue. As a School of Communication

student, I have to complete 42 units to graduate. Twelve of those are major requirements, and 18 are distribution requirements. That still leaves 12 units, which happens to be just enough to explore several other majors. Distribution or general education requirements at colleges exist to push students to explore new things. There’s nothing wrong with using 18 credits to try different fields of study and 24 to explore two deep passions. Leonhardt and Sanchez’s glorification of exploring more than two disciplines seems to me at odds with the purpose of higher education. Grade school and high school were for general education; except for specialty schools, everyone (in theory) learns the same things and comes out ready to be an informed citizen. College is specifically designed for specialization. The whole reason students declare majors and apply to specific schools is to be able to

study one thing in-depth for four years. With that in mind, the argument of double-major students being too specialized does not make much sense. Resumé building and the “credentials arms race” are the reasons Leonhardt thinks college students are actually double majoring, and he dismisses them as unimportant, but he is incredibly misguided. In a competitive market, a double major can give someone a leg up on another candidate, but it can also provide insight from multiple perspectives; for example, an art history and linguistics double major might be able to see how language informed art, and how that art in turn informed language. For most of my life, I have been encouraged not to major in theatre, as have many other college students pursuing arts degrees. So in my case, a double major becomes a second path, another opportunity for a career if things don’t

work out the way I hope. Telling students not to double major could prevent many from pursuing something they love and push them toward something more “practical.” In the end, it’s not Leonhardt’s opinion that matters, it’s mine. I’m going to use my double major to explore something I love almost as much as theatre — maybe history or literature or gender and sexuality studies. It’s my college experience, after all, and my credits to use how I want. A. Pallas Gutierrez is a Communication freshman. They can be contacted at pallasgutierrez2022@u. If you would like to respond publicly to this op-ed, send a Letter to the Editor to The views expressed in this piece do not necessarily reflect the views of all staff members of The Daily Northwestern.

It took too long for us to acknowledge the crisis in Yemen ANDREA BIAN


On Friday, The New York Times website featured a harrowing image on its homepage of a malnourished child, accompanied by an emphatic, all-caps headline: “The Tragedy of Saudi Arabia’s War.” Obviously intended to attract readers to an increasingly serious humanitarian crisis, the image made me stop in my tracks. The Yemeni Civil War has gone on for over three years. In March 2015, a Saudi Arabian coalition began to use airstrikes against Houthi rebels attempting to overtake the government. Backed by the United States, their use of weapons has forced millions to flee and limited resources, pushing the population to the brink of starvation. A war of such devastation and magnitude seemingly should receive extensive media coverage, informing the Western world especially of the millions of suffering men, women and children. A simple Google search will provide the shocking statistics: 22.2 million people, or 75 percent of Yemen’s population, are in some need

of humanitarian assistance. Severe food insecurity could affect up to 14 million people in the coming months, and at the end of last year, the United Nations reported 5,558 civilians killed and 9,065 injured. Months later, the attacks show no signs of stopping: 40 children died in a Saudi-United Arab Emirates coalition airstrike on a school bus on Aug. 9. I had known about the crisis in Yemen before, having briefly touched on it in my senior year international studies class in high school. I realized, though, that The Times’ interactive website feature that ran last week was one of the first and only forms of large-scale coverage I’ve personally seen of the crisis. Social media coverage was no different: As a frequent social media user, I realize now that I have barely seen tweets about the war since it began. I have noticed that mainstream news articles about the conflict have slightly increased in frequency over this past summer, especially after the bus attack, but only just now do I see large headlines splashed across pages in the way they should’ve been months ago. With the recent news that Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi was reportedly killed in Turkey by Saudi agents on Oct. 2, a spotlight has been placed on the Saudi government and, in turn, their participation in the crisis in Yemen. Why,

however, must it take a horrific event like this to hold the Saudi government accountable for a gross violation of human rights? Talking and reporting about the Yemeni civil war is not going to directly fix anything. But what’s most concerning about the spotty coverage of the war in Western media is the ensuing lack of basic information that Americans have on what the UN calls “the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.” With a country on the verge of the worst famine in the past century, it is at least the responsibility of an informed citizen to recognize human suffering — as well as the U.S.’ role. Upon first glance, a crisis like this may seem distant, halfway across the world. However, the United States government has backed the Saudi coalition since the beginning of the war in March 2015. As the war’s effects worsen to almost unimaginable circumstances, it’s difficult not to imagine ourselves complicit in the devastation. The bomb that killed 40 children in August was produced by the U.S. At this point, the destruction has become so serious that the United States can no longer justify its association with the Saudi coalition. Most importantly, it should not have taken this long for the news to reach the Western world on a large scale. The Saudi government has banned foreign journalists from the

hardest-hit parts of Yemen, but that shouldn’t stop Americans from at least knowing about blatant human rights violations, no matter how far away they are. I learned about this event much later than I should have, and to see so many others unintentionally unaware of the magnitude of the situation is frustrating. To think this war was ever invisible to the Western world is embarrassing, especially considering the role of the United States and its complicity in the destruction. Going into further detail on this story would involve reckoning with the fact that the United States has a history of association with Saudi Arabia, a country with a horrifying human rights record. Despite how uncomfortable that might be to come to terms with, the media has a duty to cover every story with fairness and equity. I believe they dropped the ball in covering this one properly. We are better, and the Yemeni people deserve better. Andrea Bian is a Medill freshman. She can be contacted at If you would like to respond publicly to this op-ed, send a Letter to the Editor to The views expressed in this piece do not necessarily reflect the views of all staff members of The Daily Northwestern.

The Daily Northwestern Volume 139, Issue 26 Editor in Chief Nora Shelly

Managing Editors

Troy Closson Jonah Dylan

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR may be sent to 1999 Campus Drive, Evanston, IL 60208, via fax at 847-491-9905, via e-mail to or by dropping a letter in the box outside The Daily office. Letters have the following requirements: • Should be typed • Should be double-spaced • Should include the author’s name, signature, school, class and phone number. • Should be fewer than 400 words They will be checked for authenticity and may be edited for length, clarity, style and grammar.

Opinion Editors Alex Schwartz Marissa Martinez

Assistant Opinion Editor Cassidy Jackson

Letters, columns and cartoons contain the opinion of the authors, not Students Publishing Co. Inc. Submissions signed by more than three people must include at least one and no more than three names designated to represent the group. Editorials reflect the majority opinion of The Daily’s student editorial board and not the opinions of either Northwestern University or Students Publishing Co. Inc.



Prof contributes to resarch on spider web strength By NARMEEN NOORULLAH

the daily northwestern @narmeenhasan99

A Northwestern researcher’s findings will help unravel the process of how spiders transform proteins into steel-strength fibers, which may help scientists make equally strong synthetic materials in the future. Chemistry Prof. Nathan C. Gianneschi collaborated with other researchers to study black widow spiders capable of creating a wide variety of silks with extraordinary strength and durability. Spider silk is a fiber-like bio material mainly composed of large proteins. Scientists have previously identified the underlying properties of spider silk and understood the assembly processes of silk proteins. However, when imitating the natural process, they were previously unsuccessful in creating materials that possessed the same amount of tensile strength and elasticity. The study is the product of a collaboration between researchers across the country. When Gianneschi met his co-researcher, San Diego State University Prof. Greg Holland, a few years ago, they were inspired by this challenge in the natural world of how spiders can naturally produce such exceptional materials. However, they were unable to fully understand the process in the spider’s silk glands or spinning duct at a microscopic level. “I think that really got us excited about looking at what could potentially be the key pathway for going from a protein to a fiber,” Gianneschi said. During the research, they used nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, a similar technology used in MRI, at SDSU and electron

Project Wildcat will not be offered for next year’s incoming class

Project Wildcat will not be held in September 2019 due to a decision by New Student and Family Programs to institute a yearlong planning period before the next excursion, according to an email

microscopy at NU to gain a closer insight into the protein gland which produces silk fibers. Holland said in a University news release the research produced a new theory that these spider silks are “spun from hierarchical nanoassemblies of proteins stored in the spider’s abdomen, rather than from a random solution of individual proteins or from simple spherical particles.” The paper, “Hierarchical Spidroin Micellar Nanoparticles as the Fundamental Precursors of Spider Silks,” was published on Oct. 22 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It was funded in part by the U.S Department of Defense through the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the Army Research Office. Lucas Parent, a postdoctoral student at NU who is now a research scientist at University of Connecticut, and David Onofrei of SDSU are the leading authors. Gianneschi and Holland are co-corresponding authors. Gianneschi said SDSU and Northwestern had labs that were “uniquely positioned” to combine their specific areas of study to comprehensively answer a singular question. He said that such collaborations are at the heart of research at Northwestern because it “brings together people with different interests and a diversity of opinions.” If this process can be imitated within a lab, it could lead to a large-scale synthesis of silk, Parent said, which can be used to create sturdy materials with wide-spread applications such as construction materials or environmentallyfriendly alternatives for plastics, textiles and body armors. Gianneschi added that their research will be

further expanded to looking at other spiders and other silks. “This study is the very first of its kind in terms of looking at the nano-structures of what spiders are really creating,” Gianneschi said. “In the future

if we can replicate what the spiders are doing for purely synthetic materials, that would be really interesting.”

sent to 2018 PWild counselors. PWild, a hiking and backpacking pre-orientation program, is hosted along the Superior Hiking Trail in northern Minnesota. The students’ presence “continues to take considerable space and resources from local residents,” and the trail’s administrative staff have expressed that they don’t want PWild to return, the email said. The one year planning period will allow for NSFP to review PWild’s programming and assure

that it will “align with the expectations of NSFP and the values of Northwestern,” according to the email. Though the email acknowledges past efforts “to address issues of group culture, traditions and norms continue that impede peer accountability and raise behavioral concerns both on- and off-trail.” A group comprising NU students, staff and faculty will meet in January 2019 to review the programming, and will then present recommendations

to NSFP and the Dean of Students. According to the email, the group is aiming to “create a positive, high impact experience” for students participating in PWild in the future. Three pre-orientation programs — CATalyst, the Chicago Undergraduate Program and Alternative Student Breaks-POP — are expected to take place next year, the email said.

Source: Northwestern Now

Researchers recently discovered the process of how spiders transform proteins into steel-strength fibers, which may help scientists make equally strong synthetic materials in the future.

— Cameron Cook






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ATWOOD From page 1

‘look what we won’t do,’ it became seen as ‘this is getting too creepily real.’” “The Handmaid’s Tale” was chosen as the 20182019 One Book One Northwestern book last winter. The choice attracted significant excitement from the Northwestern community compared to some past book selections. In her introductory speech, One Book One Northwestern director Nancy Cunniff said it was extremely exciting to see a full house — nearly 1,000 students — at Pick-Staiger Concert Hall. Submissions for the first-year contest to write an essay inspired by the book — which was won by Communication freshman Ashlee Mitchell — saw a 100 percent increase from last year, she added, with 60 essays submitted. Atwood was joined in conversation with One Book faculty chair and English Prof. Helen Thompson, and the two discussed the enduring resonance of Atwood’s novel, which follows a dystopian society named Gilead. In Atwood’s novel, the U.S government was overthrown as women were forced into an extremely subjugated existence in which they are considered the property of men. The two mentioned the book has gained a new cultural relevance after the 2016 election. After Trump took office, Thompson said the books saw a huge surge in sales and the iconic red-robed handmaid outfit became a symbol of protest for women both in the United States and in other countries. The two talked about the new ending of the 2017 Audible version of the “Handmaid’s Tale,” which included a Q&A about what could lead to a new Gilead — even in a stable democracy — that discusses hot-button issues such as income inequality, environmental crisis and demographic pressure. When asked how this represented her shift in

HEALTH From page 1

diseases and alert the city’s health department. They also partner with healthcare and public health agencies to control infectious disease outbreaks. Health care providers, staff and aldermen have spoken out against the proposed cut, and at a Saturday City Council meeting, city manager Wally Bobkiewicz also urged aldermen to vote against the original draft proposal. He echoed this sentiment at Monday’s meeting, saying the positions the city had considered for elimination were all funded by grant money rather than the general fund. “The intent here is not to eliminate the work the health department is doing,” Bobkiewicz said. “This recommendation was only made in light of the budget deficit we’re facing.” Health and Human Services Director Evonda Thomas-Smith said the question of

perspective from when she originally wrote the novel — in which Gilead achieved power through a violent coup — Atwood said she wanted to represent the different ways totalitarian states can come into power. While they can do so through an overthrow, someone may also take power and instead dismantle democracy from within. “The tools of democracy can be used against it — and frequently have been,” Atwood said. Atwood did not exclusively talk about her novel in the context of modern political events, however; a significant portion of the discussion was devoted to how World War II had an impact on its creation. The war, Atwood said, influenced how she wrote the main character, Offred, as a normal person stuck in extraordinary circumstances — the same position some people found themselves in during the global conflict. Atwood added that this influenced her decision not to make Offred into a “woke” activist, but rather a human character with human flaws. One Book One Northwestern fellow and Weinberg senior Meredith Belloni said she found the discussion of World War II interesting, as she did not expect the event to have played such a huge role in Atwood’s novel. However, she said added that it made sense given that Atwood’s writing was based on the experiences she knew at the time — rather than the lens of modern-day political issues. “She wrote this book in the past, not knowing what recent politics would come to be,” Belloni explained. At the event were volunteers of the anti-Trump organization Refuse Facism, several of whom donned Handmaid robes. Volunteer Lina Thorne said the organization had worn the robes during protests unrelated to Atwood and that members attended the event classification is contingent upon a few factors. First, there are a number of mandated services the department has to administer by law — including food safety, infectious disease prevention, potable water and private sewage. If the communicable disease surveillance specialist were to be eliminated, the department’s local classification would be at risk. Additionally, Thomas-Smith said, the department is required to do a communitywide health assessment and community programming which allows it benefit from state money. The state certification also gets the department a number of grants and access to resources, and is contingent upon it having a community health educator. Evanston is one of four state-certified health departments in Illinois, outside of the city of Chicago. It has been state certified from 2016 to 2021, and Thomas-Smith said the re-certification process would most likely start in 2019.

Colin Boyle/Daily Senior Staffer

Margaret Atwood. During her One Book One Northwestern keynote at Northwestern on Tuesday, Atwood spoke about modern day politics and the enduring power of her book, ‘The Handmaid’s Tale.’

because they felt Atwood captured the horror of what women could face in completely theocratic societies Thorne said she enjoyed the discussion and appreciated the historical insight Atwood provided. She added that she agreed with Atwood about how relevant the current show has become

since Trump’s election, and how that has informed her and others’ viewing experience. “People are watching that show and are absorbed in it because of the context that we’re living in right now,” Thorne said.


Thomas-Smith said she is unsure what would happen to Evanston’s state grants if the department were to be un-certified, Nirav Shah, the Director of the Illinois Department of Public Health, told her he had never uncertified a department in the state before. Funding from the certification and Community Development Block Grants totals $800,000 for fiscal year 2019. The $388,000 of CDBG funding is not tied to the certification, Thomas-Smith said. Ald. Peter Braithwaite (2nd) said he was also concerned about the possible cuts in funding. He advocated for aldermen to vote to also keep the assistant director and community health educator positions in the department. His motion ultimately failed 5-4. “I want to express my concern for this direction,” Braithwaite said. “Over the years, the health department has been pounded on.”

individuals who have more information and are less persuadable during campaigns, Ogorzalek said. Currently, 37 states have early voting. Ogorzalek added that while some are implementing reforms to make voting easier, others are making it more difficult. Illinois is one of those trying to make voting more accessible. “If you haven’t registered in the state of Illinois yet, you can actually register and vote at the same time,” said Weinberg sophomore Jacob Wu, an NU Votes ambassador at the Center for Civic Engagement. “For most other states, the registration deadline has long passed.” Northwestern students and Evanston residents can register and vote on weekdays and weekends at the Lorraine H. Morton Civic Center, 2100 Ridge Ave., in Evanston.


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WINTER From page 8

kind of comical on one or two occasions. Players got a big kick out of it.”

Major Upsets

Playing winning basketball in the Big Ten in the 1970s was no easy task. With Bob Knight’s Indiana dynasty, a solid Michigan program and a number of standout players including Magic Johnson causing havoc for the lesser teams in the conference, it was very difficult to win a lot of games during the winter months. In addition, NU did not play an easy nonconference schedule. Winter always scheduled tough opponents like Marquette, Notre Dame and UNLV. The difficult slate, McKinney said, helped prepare the team for the Big Ten and was also a reason NU was always able to spring an upset. In addition to its major upset over Kentucky in 1975, the biggest upset of the Winter era occurred on Jan. 29, 1977. Earlier in the month, the Cats had travelled to Ann Arbor and were smoked by Michigan, 102-65, as the Wolverines fans laughed at NU. McKinney remembers what Winter said to him in the locker room. “After the game, he challenged me. He didn’t think that I give it my best effort that day against (future first-round pick and All-American Rickey Green),” McKinney said. “His words never left my head for the rest of the season.” When the Wolverines, now ranked No. 2 in

COLLINS From page 8

came to campus as freshmen, Collins has three high-caliber recruits believing they’ll see the floor immediately. This time around, the underclassman are expecting to win right away. But none of this is as important as the growth Collins hopes to see from himself; he calls himself his “toughest critic.” Collins has already proven that he can lead NU to the NCAA Tournament, and he’s already shown he can recruit top-100 players, but now he has to reach an even higher standard. It’s a lot of pressure for a 44-year-old, a 180-degree turn from those Bulls’ coaches meetings in the ’80s where his only responsibility was to listen to some of the smartest minds in the game. “The main thing that great coaches that I’ve

the country, travelled to McGaw Hall on Jan. 29, McKinney said he knew they were going to win, even if people thought he was crazy to say so. Against Michigan’s famous full-court press, McKinney and fellow guards Jerry Marifke and Bob Hildebrand did an excellent job breaking down the defensive pressure. And while the Cats neutralized the Wolverine defense, they did a stiflying job on their end too, holding Michigan to a shooting percentage under 40 percent. Leading the attack was McKinney, who the Wolverines coach Johnny Orr said at the time was “absolutely phenomenal.” The senior finished the contest with a game-high 29 points as NU defeated Michigan, 99-87. “Those were really exciting games where everything seemed to come together,” Caccese said. “And then you wonder to yourself, wow, can you do that every game? But you know wins frankly were very elusive.”

The End of the Era

Even though the Cats had their moments, most of the time, NU left the court without a win. The Cats struggled in all five of Winter’s seasons and only managed to claim double-digit wins one time. “He wanted to be a winner and he hadn’t solved the riddle of how to be a winner at Northwestern,” Caccese said. In articles from the time period, players expressed frustration with a lack of communication from Winter. It was also difficult for Winter to recruit the best talent available to Evanston been around have taught me about as I’ve been young is that you never have all the answers,” he said. “Even though you can emulate (Mike Krzyzewski), or my dad or a Tex Winter, I’m different than those guys. I have to put my own personality and my own spin on things I’ve learned from them and kind of put my own coaching style.” *** “When (Collins) did my in-home visit, from the first time he came and watched me play he came and talked to me for a little bit and I just trusted him,” freshman forward Pete Nance said. “Right away, I just knew there was something between us.” In June 2017, three months after Collins wrapped up the best season in program history, he received the commitment from Nance, the highestranked recruit the school had ever signed. Nance

due to NU’s strict academic standards. Winter’s Cats also struggled with consistency. Winter had expected to change the losing culture, and the administration expected him to do the same. By the end of his fifth season, Winter had grown discontented with Cats. His plans to renovate McGaw Hall had gone nowhere and he openly expressed frustration at the lack of money dedicated to the team to the media at the time. Winter began to look at other offers. “I was in his office following the last game of the year and he had the job posting for Long Beach State on his desk. He made like a flip comment,” Caccese said. “‘They’re looking for a winning coach. Think I qualify?’” Winter applied and he was accepted as the head coach of Long Beach State in April of 1978. He recommended Falk replace him at the helm of the program, which is what NU decided to do. Winter finished with his five years with a 42-89 record, which is a .321 winning percentage. In his four other collegiate homes, he would never finish his tenure with a record below .500. Winter spent five years at Long Beach State, where he had a winning record, before he found himself back in the NBA. Falk would be the coach of the Cats for eight seasons. In 1983 he brought the NU to the NIT for its first ever-postseason tournament. He said much of what he says as a coach can be attributed to Winter. He even gave his old mentor credit when looking back on the Cats’ victory over future NCAA Champions Michigan State in 1979. When McKinney finished his career, he was

NU’s all-time leading scorer with 1900 points. He went on to play seven seasons in the NBA, and worked with Winter again for one year in Chicago. He also credits Winter for helping him get to where he is in life. “I can tell you this,” McKinney said, “had I not played for Coach Winter, there’s no way I would have ever played in the NBA.” For all his coaching success, McKinney said people don’t talk as much about the outstanding man Winter was during his life. He said Winter never let fame change his attitude or let fortune or wealth corrupt his core values. Winter’s legacy at NU is not as cut and dry as his overall basketball legacy. Winter, like so many Cats coaches over the years, was not able to break NU out of the perpetual-losing cycle. But he still developed McKinney into an NBA talent and his mentee Falk brought the Cats to the postseason for the first time ever, in addition to their historic upsets. And while his plans to renovate McGaw Hall were never used during his time at the school, McKinney said when the arena was finally renovated in the 1980s, it was pretty much exactly what Winter drew up. Winter may not have been a winner at Northwestern, but his impact on the program and the sport did not end the moment he left campus. “He dedicated himself so much to the game of basketball that you have to admire that,” Svete said. “It has to be recognized.”

said in January he watched every game of the stretch that season with his father and talked about what the program could become in the future. Collins has had one focus over the past six years: building a quality program that has enough success to attract top-100 talents like Nance and freshman forward Miller Kopp. If Collins ever accomplishes his ultimate goal — getting Northwestern to the Final Four — he has “absolutely no idea” what his motivations will be after that. “You don’t know what life’s going to throw at you,” Collins said. “I’m not sure as I get older what that’s going to mean for my career. All I can say is I’d be hard-pressed to think of my life without basketball because it’s been such an important part of me ever since I was a kid… There’s so much unfinished work here that I’m focused on before I know what I’m going to want in the future.” Of the 14 head coaches in the Big Ten, Collins,

Greg Gard and Tom Izzo were the only without any previous head coaching experience when they were hired. But Gard and Izzo were assistants at Wisconsin and Michigan State respectively for over a decade before being promoted all the way to the top. Since he’s still young, Collins is figuring out what kind of coach he wants to be in the long run. Though he has “no idea” what area of the game he’ll be able to impact most from the sidelines, he hopes he’ll continue to improve as a tactician and a motivator down the line. Six years in, Collins still believes Northwestern can become one of the best basketball programs in the Big Ten. And he hopes he can do that while impacting the game like the mentors he’s had along the way.

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We knew right away, whether you agreed or disagreed with the way he felt the game should be played, he had a great knowledge of it. — Chris Collins, coach

Men’s Basketball McKendree at NU, 7 p.m. Friday


Wednesday, October 31, 2018


Basketball Hall of Famer Tex Winter made his mark on players, coaches and program during his tenue at NU By PETER WARREN

daily senior staffer @thepeterwarren

As the buzzer rang at the end of the second half on Dec. 1, 1975, at McGaw Hall, Northwestern fans inside the arena exploded in excitement and flooded the floor. The Wildcats had just upset the defending NCAA Tournament runners-up and No. 6 Kentucky, 89-77, in the visitors’ first game of the season. One year earlier, Kentucky had blown out NU in the Bluegrass State by 27. But this time around, NU was the team holding a 20-point lead in the second half and celebrating the victory. On the sidelines, leading the Cats to one of the greatest victories in program history, was coach Tex Winter. Winter — who died three weeks ago at the age of 96 — spent five seasons at the helm of the NU basketball program from 1973 to 1978 and finished with a losing record. But his time in Evanston was only a blip on an otherwise impressive resume. About seven years after leaving the shores of Lake Michigan, Winter returned to Chicagoland to take an assistant coach job with the Chicago Bulls. When Phil Jackson was hired as the head coach in 1989, Winter convinced him to utilize the triangle offense, also called the triple-post offense. Jackson agreed, and eight years later, Jackson, Michael Jordan, Scottie Pippen and Winter had six NBA titles to their names. Then, when Jackson moved on to the Shaq-and-Kobe Lakers of the early 2000s, Winter went along with him, teaching his beloved offense to the two all-time greats. By the time Winter retired and was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2011, he had NBA Championship rings for all 10 of his fingers ­­— with one left over. “Tex gave us a way to play the game of basketball that was principled,” Jackson said at Winter’s memorial ceremony on Oct. 20. “We talked about playing according to the basketball gods. He lived that life. And we’re thankful for it.” But, before all of that, Winter made his mark on the college game.

Hiring Tex

When former Cats’ coach Brad Snyder resigned at the end of the 1972-73 season, Winter was already a wellrenowned coach. Hired at the age of 29 by Marquette,

Winter spent two seasons with the Golden Eagles before moving on to coach Kansas State. He had his best collegiate seasons in Manhattan, Kansas, spending 15 seasons with the program and leading them to two Final Fours and a No. 1 ranking during the 1958-59 campaign. He then spent three years at the helm of Washington before leading the Houston Rockets for oneand-a-half years. By the spring of 1973, Winter was no longer with the Rockets and was looking for a new job. Northwestern Athletic Director Tippy Dye was interested. On Snyder’s staff was former NU player Rich Falk, who recalls talking with Dye at the time about the vacancy. Dye told Falk he wanted a proven head coach and that Winter was one of the best options available. Winter was hired on April 4, 1973. One of his first moves was to keep Falk and Dan Davis, Snyder’s other assistant, on his staff. “I’m looking forward to coming back to college ball,” Winter told The Daily at the time. “I feel that I’m a teacher type of coach, and you have the opportunity to teach more in college.”

Teaching and Practice

While Winter is remembered as the pioneer of the triangle offense, he is not the father of the offense. That honor goes to Basketball Hall of Fame coach Sam Barry, who coached Winter at Southern California for a season in the 1940s. But no single person in the history of basketball is as synonymous with the offense as Winter. He published “The Triple-Post Offense” in 1962, the de facto book on the offense. He ran the offense everywhere he went and was its biggest proponent. Yet, he also made waves in other aspects of basketball. He created the toss back — a machine that allows players to practice passing by themselves. So when Winter stepped foot in McGaw Hall — now known as Welsh-Ryan Arena — for the first time, his brilliance was well known around the basketball world. John Caccese, who spent four seasons as a student manager from 19741978, remembers one day when George Raveling visited practice. At the time, Raveling was the leader of the Washington State program, and would later became the head coach of Iowa and USC before being elected to the Hall of Fame. When Raveling was leaving, Winter told Caccese to drive the coach of the Cougars to his car. “As I’m driving him, I asked him

what brought him to Northwestern,” Caccese said. “He goes, ‘Well Tex Winter is the greatest teacher in college basketball. He gave a seminar, and it was three hours, on footwork, to other college coaches. Three hours on footwork. I’ve never experienced anything like it. I never knew I could learn so much.’” Bob Svete, a forward who played three seasons for Winter’s Wildcats, said Jerry Krause, who was an NBA scout during the 1970s and would go on to serve as the general manager of the Chicago Bulls during the Jordan era, would also attend practices. Those practices, which were based around the fundamentals and preparation, featured many recurring themes. Players would jump rope before every practice, work on guard-forward entry passes and break down the triangle offense on both sides of the floor. Svete said Winter was “a tremendous X-and-O guy” and he did not need to yell or scream to get across his ideas. “He didn’t have to throw a chair or kick anything over to make a point,” Svete said. “He would look you straight in the eye and let you know if you were living up to his expectations and if you weren’t, what he wanted more from.” Billy McKinney, a 6-foot guard who played from 1973-77 and was one of the best players in program history, said Winter never sugar-coated anything and was “detail-oriented.” Under Winter, the Cats began to videotape practice and games, which was an uncommon sight in the Big Ten at the time. Winter had been videotaping since he first became a head coach and would sometimes use old video to show his players how the offense should be run. But Winter did not only use video make a point. Sometimes, he got on the court himself. “He was a terrific teacher and a terrific demonstrator that left no detail unterned in terms of preparation,” McKinney said. Falk, who called Winter a “masterful” teacher, remembers his commitment to demonstrating would come into effect during games. Although Winter remained composed on the sidelines, he would sometimes let loose at halftime. “Occasionally — without going into specifics — he would do a demonstration of how to go after a loose ball or how to do something in the locker room where he (would) actually give up his body and go after a garbage pail,” Falk said. “While he was serious, it became » See WINTER, page 7

Source: Northwestern Archives

Tex Winter talks to his players during a game in the 1973-74 season. Winter coached the Wildcats for five seasons from 1973-78.

Source: Northwestern Archives

Collins recalls ‘Tex,’ contemplates identity By CHARLIE GOLDSMITH

daily senior staffer @2021_charlie

Chris Collins has sat in thousands of coaches meetings in his career, but after thirty years, he can still vividly remember that assistant who seemingly knew everything about the game. Time after time, Collins learned from Tex Winter, who led five college programs including Northwestern before transitioning to the professional game and working for the Bulls with Chris’ father, Doug. The inventor of the triangle offense and Collins — the eager son of the head coach — formed an unlikely bond around the Bulls in the 80s. “I was very attentive at practices, I would watch the coaches coach,” Collins said. “I would sit in staff meetings with the guys as a kid and I would listen to (Winter). We knew right away, whether you agreed or disagreed with the way he felt the game should be played, he had a great knowledge of it.” They talked during shootaround, where they would watch Michael Jordan warm up hours before tipoff, and they talked in the locker room, where they would deconstruct a recent Bulls victory. After the Bulls fired Doug in 1989, Winter remained on the staff, and his impact as an offensive tactician was often overshadowed by the starpower of Jordan, Scottie Pippen and new head coach Phil Jackson. He worked under Jackson again with the Lakers in the early 2000s, where he reimagined his triangle offense to better fit Kobe Bryant and Shaquille O’Neal. Winter, who retired from coaching in 2004, died on Oct. 10 at 96 years old. In his career, he connected with dozens of the greatest NBA players and hundreds of coaches across the country who run systems similar to the one he created. “He’s a guy that some of the greatest coaches that have ever coached this game went to for advice,” Illinois coach Brad Underwood told The Daily. “He saw a system that won at the highest levels, yet he was a guy that was great being in the background… He had as much respect

as anyone in the game of basketball.” *** Collins does not remember Winter mentioning the challenges he faced when he coached the Wildcats from 1973 to 1978, but he’s uncertain if Winter was able to reach his full potential in the Big Ten. That’s the biggest difference between him and this mentor. Throughout Winter’s career, according to Collins, he was motivated to see basketball played at its highest form. That’s why he was satisfied seeing Jordan, Bryant and Jackson receive most of the credit for two of the greatest dynasties in NBA history. “It’s cool when a coach like (Winter), with everything he meant to the game, he can be a part of those championship teams,” Collins said. “But the guys along the way were just as important.” On the other hand, Collins is solely focused on NU. He’s about to begin his sixth year as head coach, and following the Cats’ 2017 NCAA Tournament run with a losing season, he’s been reminding himself that he came here to build a winning culture — something Winter was unable to accomplish. “I know that I’m not at all the coach I was five years ago,” Collins said. “We started this thing from the ground level, and it’s been fun trying to build it when it’s not always good times. For me, personally, what you hang your hat on most are the relationships you build and the development.” When he took the job in 2013, Collins said he understood it would be a process taking NU where he wants it to go, and the young Cats went 14-19 in his first regular season before losing to Michigan State in the second round of the Big Ten Tournament. Now — for the first time in his head coaching career — Collins is anticipating having success without a veteran point guard or much experience at three of the five starting positions. For the first time since Bryant McIntosh, Scottie Lindsey and Vic Law » See COLLINS, page 7

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