SHARING OF LOVE AND MERCY THE HALAL WAY
Explains JAKIM’s new approach on incorporating the Rahmatan lil Alamin concept, structured within the Maqasid Syariah framework and implemented through the Fiqh Malizi approach.
Introducing A New MustHave Mobile App For Muslim Travellers
World’s First Shariah-Compliant Web Browser Launched
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department welcomes all Halal Industry players to Malaysia
Duopharma set to gain from Malaysia’s standings in Halal pharmaceuticals
Halal Testing; Do We Really Need it?
In contrast to popular opinion, Halal testing is not meant for verification of the Halal status but rather to support with evidence the Halal credibility of a process flow or material sources of a product.
RECAP WORLD HALAL WEEK 2018
Look back at last year’s World Halal Week - with a recap highlighting the facts and figures of each programmes
FEATURE STORY SALAM WEB
Secure, Fast and Reliable
Long gone the days when you had to walk all the way to the newsstand to stay updated with the latest news.
Connecting The World With GHaS 2019
This April 1st, 2019, Malaysia will once again play host to an annual gathering of the Halal industry’s brightest minds and passionate
The Fourth Industrial Revolution and its Impact on the Global Halal Industry Today mankind is on the cusp of entering the Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0)
Istihalah and Its Potential Significance in the Halal Industry To understand Istihalah, one also has to understand what is meant as adulteration...
TECHNOLOGY HALAL PHARMA
Providing Halal Pharmaceutical options to Muslims
Medicines are constantly in demand, regardless of economic conditions. Supplements are for wellness, immunity and energy. It is a preventive and promotive healthcare option.
5 Instances of How Blockchain is Changing The Halal Industry
When someone requests a transaction, the request is broadcasted to a peerto-peer (P2P) network consisting of computers, also known as nodes
Biggest Polemics on use of Alcohol In Halal F&B Industry
The issue of alcohol used in food and beverage industry remains a polemic in the Muslim community, as alcohol is perceived to be khamr
Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Journey To Halal
In empowering the Halal Industry, PTSS established joint ventures and expertise sharing with outside agencies especially DagangHalal Sdn. Bhd (DHSB) to expand the participantsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; market and strengthen the development of Halal courses in PTSS
lobal Halal Summit (GHaS) 2019, Kuala Lumpur will kick off from 1st to 6th April 2019. All the 7 programmes convene under the umbrella of GHaS named 10th Halal Certification Bodies Convention (HCBC), 3rd International Halal Technical Capacity Development Programme (IHTCDP), International Halal Authority Board (IHAB) 2nd General Assembly, 1st Global Halal Industry Congress (GHIC), 11th World Halal Conference, 1st Halal Innovation and Technology Exhibition & 16th Malaysia International Halal Showcase (MIHAS). Introducing the GHaS is a rebrand of the World Halal Week, an annual gathering of the international authorities, certification bodies, industry’s brightest minds and passionate halal professionals, which started since 2004 with the world’s first halal international halal trade show; the MIHAS. The aim of establishment GHaS to provide Malaysia as a front runner in global halal hub, so the opportunities should be grabbed to unite all halal players in generating and simulating sustainable halal industry growth, in line with GHaS theme, ‘Halal Connecting the World’. HMag GHaS 2019 analyze halal issues from various topics including industrial revolution 4.0, halal pharmaceutical, halal & digital technology as well as other relevant issues that will be beneficial to read Insha’Allah. The success of publishing HMag GHaS 2019 might be impossible without the endless effort and commitment from the team. I would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone that involved in the making of HMag GHaS 2019. May Allah accepts our endless efforts and may GHaS 2019 be a platform to unite us all in spite from our differences.
Muhammad Naim Mohd Aziz Secretary, Global Halal Summit (GHaS) 2019
HMAG is a publication of DagangHalal Sdn Bhd (961235-W)
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Nurhuda Zakaria | Siti Ayisah Surif Nur Izdihar Omar | Suriati Alias Roslida Mat Zin | Norliza ADVERTISING Zulfadli bin Anaspekri Marina Muhamad Ameera Ellyana ARTICLE CONTRIBUTION Suhaila Binti Ishak Zaharizuan Bin Azhar For any article contribution or advertisement opportunities in future HMag publications, you may reach us at contact@dagangHalal.com or +603 2171 1128
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
MESSAGES FROM DATUK SERI DR. MUJAHID BIN YUSOF Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department
DATUK DARELL LEIKING Minister of International Trade And Industry
“Scientifically proof that Halal Global brings the good effect to humanity and future life expectancy. Hence, Halal avoids discrimination and it is comprehensive to implement to our daily life. This event is a great platform to discuss and share ideas on how to drive the Halal Certification agenda forward to improve the Global Halal Industry” (Pre-Launch Event of Global Halal Summit 2019, 28th January 2019).
“The Halal industry has been a proud portfolio of my ministry for many years, and brought in over RM45 billion in exports last year alone. Globally, this multitrillion dollar industry expands at almost 20% annually, and collectively, Malaysia and the Arab States make up the bulk of it” (8th AGM, the Arab Malaysian Chamber of Commerce (AMCC), 27th August 2018).
DATUK MOHAMAD NORDIN BIN IBRAHIM Director General of JAKIM “The world today will always refers to Malaysia for a Halal certification process, because apart from being a pioneer and strong proponent on this segment (Halal), but our guidelines are comprehensively developed to be in line with international standard and requirements” (Award Giving Ceremony of Malaysia Halal Certification, 27th December 2018).
DATO’ SERI MOHAMED AZMIN BIN ALI Minister of Economic Affairs “With the cooperation of the states which have embarked on the initiatives on a large scale, we will see how we can move the value chain and build a more integrated ecosystem in terms of products and sources to truly meet the Halal specifications. This is because the Halal market is huge, not only in Islamic countries. Even non-Islamic nations have accepted Halal products as important goods for trading” (Q&A session, Parliament of Malaysia, 21st November 2018).
DATO’ DR. SIRAJUDDIN SUHAIMEE Director of Malaysia Halal Council Secretariat, JAKIM “Halal food is the kind of food that Muslims can eat or drink under Islamic law. Halal food is healthy and hygienic, given the high standards of manufacturing process involved. The Halal food and beverage market is becoming increasingly popular worldwide especially since many non-Muslims also perceive Halal food as safer. In 2013, it grew to a USD1.1 trillion industry and is expected to be worth USD1.6 trillion by 2018. Huge growth is expected over the next decades as the world’s Muslim population grows faster than other major religions (launch of the CIMB ASEANChina Halal Corridor initiative, 27th September 2018).
Introducing A New Must-Have Mobile App For Muslim Travellers The rise of Islamic tourism in recent years has seen an increase in the development of mobile applications catered for Muslim travellers. Introducing Meembar, an app that connects you and makes you one with the rest of the Muslims all over the world. As travellers, Muslims faced various tests of iman, especially when in a foreign land. The lack of information compounded with possible communication issues, makes it difficult
World’s First ShariahCompliant Web Browser Launched
to uphold Islam. Meembar facilitates this process by providing relevant and timely information on: • Halal Food: Check against authenticated data from global Halal Certification Bodies; • Halal Restaurants: Look up and read reviews, pictures and ratings, check opening hours and look for directions; • Qibla: Find the direction of the Ka’aba, read the Holy Quran or listen to its audio recitation;
• Places of Interest: Look up useful information on Muslim-friendly places contributed by users worldwide; and • Staying
SalamWeb Technologies, a Malaysian-based startup, has launched what can only be described as the world’s first Shariahcompliant web browser. Known as SalamWeb, or “Halal Internet” as some calls it, offers several useful features over the standard browser. Functionalities like SalamChat for messaging, SalamNews for news and SalamSadaqah for sadaqah purposes make it the first-of-its-
kind web browser based on a religious faith, aiming to serve well a certain segment of the community. Currently being used mainly in Malaysia and Indonesia, Hasni Zarina Mohamed Khan, managing director of SalamWeb Technologies assures that the Halal browser is the best vessel to surf the perilous World Wide Web. “We’re promoting universal values, and although SalamWeb is targeted for the Muslims, it can also be used by anyone, as the Internet can be a very harmful place. It’s
Connected: Suggest new Halal food premises and mosques, update photos and images, share and engage with friends and stay connected with the worldwide Muslim community or when hosting a Muslim guest.
Launched in late 2018, Meembar’s current functionalities will be expanded soon, with new immersive capabilities expected in the new upgrade. Check out www.meembar. com for more info or to download.
obvious that we need an alternative,” she said. “We want to make the internet a better place, we know the internet has both - the good and the bad - so SalamWeb is offering a tool that creates this window to go only the good parts of the Internet,” she added. The browser also offers many other features like localized prayer times as well as Qibla direction. It only considers communityapproved content that is marked appropriate by the local Muslim scholars. Log in www.salamweb.com for more info.
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department welcomes all Halal Industry players to Malaysia The soft launch of the Global Halal Summit (GHaS 2019) was officiated by Minister at the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Seri Mujahid Yusuf in Kuala Lumpur last January. The Minister noted that while GHaS is a new name, previously known as the World Halal Week, the annual congregation of Halal industry movers every April in Malaysia is still a much-anticipated event as it gathers the Who’s who within the global Halal fraternity.
He also remarked that the industry players and observers would be spoilt for choice this year, as there are a total of six Halal events happening within one week at two separate locations. GHaS 2019 will start with three events running concurrently at the Grand Hyatt KL, i.e. the International Halal Authority Board (IHAB) General Assembly on April 1st, the Halal Certification Bodies Convention (HCBC) as well as the International
Halal Training & Capacity Development Programme (IHTCDP) on April 1st & 2nd. The congregation will then move to the second venue at MITEC Kuala Lumpur, which will host the first Global Halal Industry Congress (GHIC) happening on April 3rd, followed by the World Halal Conference (WHC)
on April 3rd, and finally the Malaysia International Halal Showcase (MIHAS), scheduled to be held from 3rd-6th April. “I would like to welcome all delegates to this year’s Global Halal Summit, and I hope you have a fruitful and productive participation in this year’s events.
Duopharma set to gain from Malaysia’s standings in Halal pharmaceuticals At the Halal Pharmaceutical Forum held last year, Duopharma Biotech Berhad (formerly known as CCM Duopharma Biotech Berhad) highlighted that the global Halal product market is currently dominated by four main sectors namely food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and others. It pointed out that pharmaceuticals account for 26 per cent, the second largest sector after food with 61 per cent and cosmetics at 11 per cent, as consumer awareness increases. “Driven by growing demand, the deepening and widening of the sector,
the Halal pharmaceutical industry is expected to grow eight per cent year-onyear to USD$132 billion by 2022,” it added. “Global communities are increasingly more discerning and demand that only the purest and the best ingredients are used in the production of pharmaceutical products,” said Group Managing Director Leonard Ariff Abdul Shatar. He further highlighted that the market potential may be even greater as it is not just exclusive to Muslim communities. “It has gained increasing acceptance
among non-Muslims too who associate Halal with ethical consumption, just as other universal values such as social responsibility, stewardship of the earth, economic and social justice, animal welfare and ethical investment – in short it goes beyond their religious compliance,” he added. The Halal pharmaceutical ecosystem has also taken major strides forward over the past few years, according to Thomson Reuters in its ‘State of the Global Islamic Economy Report 2018/19’.
The report pointed out Malaysia’s Halal Industry Development Corporation (HDC) current efforts of compiling the first Halal pharmacopoeia, while JAKIM is set to introduce Halal certification for medical devices, including liquids for dialysis machines. Regionally, it noted that Malaysia and Indonesia are working to standardise the sector at the regulatory level, setting an important example and standard for Halal pharmaceuticals industry for the rest of the world.
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Do We Really Need it? by: Haziratul Mardiah Hamdan Halquest Sdn Bhd
mong others of its many achievements, Malaysia is known globally as the pioneer of the Halal certification system. Since its first inception in 1974, the reputable JAKIM Halal logo has been used nation-wide and across the globe as a verification trademark that a product is Halal without doubt and fit for consumption according to the Islamic Syariah standard. With the increasing acceptance of Halal products internationally over the years, the Halal logo is no longer confined to the purpose of Halal authentication but more as an economic investment opportunity. Manufacturers, distributors, suppliers, traders, and premise operators from across the globe are opting for the Halal certification to widen their global outreach into the fastest growing demographic of Muslim population. In contrast to popular opinion, Halal testing is not meant for verification of the Halal status but rather to support with evidence the Halal credibility of a process flow or material sources of a product. Currently, Halal testing is not mandatory and is only observed when the Halal status of a product is in doubt. The authorities may propose for the product in question to undergo Halal testing to verify that it has strictly adhered to the Halal
standardized Halal testing procedures and reporting protocols, the misconstrued In contrast to guidelines, a practice lab result had leaked to popular opinion, that is becoming more the public and resulted in a Halal testing is consequential as the national outcry. Instances risk for adulteration and like these are what is feared not meant for contamination becomes to jeopardize the publicâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s verification of the increasingly inclined trust in the Halal certification Halal status but due to the technological system. rather to support advancements and The call for science with evidence the innovations in complex involvement in Halal is Halal credibility of products formed today. much anticipated by the a process flow or In light of this industry players globally. material sources growing risk to the Neighboring countries such of a product. Halal certification as Thailand has long stepped system, JAKIM will onto the bandwagon where be including a clause Halal science is already an within the newly integral part of their Halal introduced Malaysia certification system with the Halal Management System Manual establishment of Halal Science Centre (MHMS) 2019 that requires for a in Chulalongkorn University. Halal laboratory testing SOP in place In the end, whether or not a product within all Halal certified companies. is deemed Halal remains a decision to Nonetheless, even with the inclusion be made based on the jurisprudence of the Halal testing element within of the Syariah branch. But considering the Halal certification system, the the economic interest and universal credibility and validity of the Halal demand for a streamlined and testing results remain a question verifiable quality control within the mark. If Halal testing is to be part scope of Halal, it is only in favor of the of the Halal certification system, Halal certification system to integrate a synergized Halal lab assurance Halal science as a facilitative tool in element is also needed to safeguard the process if not to be a necessity in the integrity and validity of all test the current technologically advanced results and data procured. Looking industry setting. back at the Cadbury chocolate bar This topic will elaborated more in the IHTCDPincident in 2014, where due to the Emerald and Diamond (1st-2nd April 2019) negligence or absence of proper and
RECAP WORLD HALAL WEEK 2018
1000 84 30 Foreign Halal CBs Attended
Last year marks HCBC’s 9th edition, with a discussions centred on certification and the value of Halal as a recognised standard within the industry’s best practices.
778 72 21,000 Exhibitors
Foreign Halal CBs Attended
World Halal Week, an annual gathering of the industry’s brightest minds and passionate Halal professionals, which started in 2004 with the world’s first Halal-only international trade show – the Malaysian International Halal Showcase. Last year’s MIHAS 2018 received over 21,000 trade visitors and registered over RM1.52 billion in total immediate and negotiated trade sales.
900 42 Participants
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 6th April
IHTCDP is a training programme held annually, covering both food and non-food sectors. It gathers Halal industry players, business leaders, entrepreneurs and Halal certification bodies from all over the world to Malaysia, with a common aspiration to further accelerate the growth and development in Halal technical know-how, technology as well as innovation.
The World Halal Conference (WHC) is an international thought leadership conference gathering all segments of the Halal industry, including the government, the certifiers, the industry, and other Halal stakeholders from all over the world.
70 30 Foreign Halal CBs & Authorities
International Halal Authority Board (IHAB) General Assembly is a closed-door intellectual discussion of renowned Halal authorities worldwide, all working towards the harmonisation of the global Halal systems and standards among member organisations.
15 || 15
SECURE, FAST AND RELIABLE
ong gone the days when you had to walk all the way to the newsstand to stay updated with the latest news. Today, news and every other human experience from shopping to movies and reading, are all available at our fingertips. The Internet has revolutionized our existence to the extent that canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t possibly be imagined. Over the years the Internet has become a platform for people
to share information, create content, communicate with one another, and even escape reality. However â&#x20AC;&#x201C; issues are always bound to surface with the limitless ownership and control of it. In Malaysia, total Internet penetration is now at 85.7% as mentioned by the Malaysian Chief Statistician, and is expected to rise up to 29.4 million by 2023. With its limitless space, we are bound to come across explicit content such as violence, porn,
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
cyberbullying, data privacy, drugs, hateful speech and more, topics and content that is harmful and raises concerns by Internet users. This type of content not only crosses the line of universal moral conduct but is certainly not aligned with Muslim Adab. Salam Web Technologies MY Sdn. Bhd. (Salam Web Technologies), is a Malaysian start-up that aims to tackle this issue by providing a space for an authentic experience and support users to navigate their daily lives with a safer and ethical digital ecosystem. With their recently launched suite of Internet services – SalamWeb Browser, SalamChat, SalamProtect and SalamSadaqah, the company’s mission is to empower and build a community by bringing the world closer together through their vision in providing a safer, private and ethically-sensitive online experience. As the world’s first Shariah compliant browser endorsed by Amanie Group and in conformity with the Malaysia Digital Economy Corporation’s (MDEC) Islamic Digital Economy Mi’yar, SalamWeb is a tool developed based on Islamic principles and fatwa, which has been reviewed by notable scholars and organisations. They have been extensively worked with globally recognized experts and authorities to make sure their products are in line with Islamic principles while also living and embracing the lifestyle of modern Muslims and addressing a real concern in today’s Muslims perspective of the digital world. SalamWeb Browser incorporates a feature that provides freedom to the users in deciding which content is
appropriate or inappropriate through a feature called SalamProtect. Controlled and customised by users through SalamTags - that assigns a website appropriate, neutral or inappropriate. The more webpages a user SalamTags, the better it will be for the community. Through this feature, they deliver curated content that match your SalamTags. SalamTag feature has the ability to filters out adult, fraudulent and violent content in Search and the Salam products like SalamNews and SalamChat. “It’s the best search engine ever in connecting the community of like-minded people”, said Hassan Ismail, a fond user of SalamWeb in his statement at #TeamSalam Facebook. “Uniting Muslims of all colors, races, and nationalities coming together to become one, a digital Ummah. And all the people in their beautiful voices. Showing themselves and standing tall and proud. Inspiring, caring and driving each other further. But more than that, we know that when we help each other focus on what really matters. Life becomes whole and purposeful. And all feel right”. Its most unique feature – SalamSadaqah that promotes this incredible tool for a larger, more charitable experience. Most of us browse the Internet on daily basis without giving a second thought to how we can use this incredible tool can be used for greater good, With
SalamSadaqah, the everyday Internet experience becomes a charitable cause - with every web search or content report made, SalamWeb matches these actions to a donation amount. One of SalamWeb’s guiding principles is help empower a global community - the needs of a community over an individual. The objective of SalamSadaqah is not to turn profits but to create a good deed from the everyday Internet browsing experience. As we all know with the Internet’s unpredictable growth, SalamWeb looks to continue to enhance their product to ensure users avoid harmful content and have a better online experience.
It’s the best search engine ever in connecting the community of like-minded people
The browser is available to download from Google Play and App Store or visit
Meet the Managing Director of Salamweb in the HCBC 2019 on the 2nd April 2019
CONNECTING THE WORLD WITH
GHaS 2019 T
his April 1st, 2019, Malaysia will once again play host to an annual gathering of the Halal industry’s brightest minds and passionate certification professionals from all over the world. What started in 2004 with the world’s first Halal-only international trade show with MIHAS (or the Malaysian International Halal Showcase), the Halal meeting of minds has now evolved to cater to just about every segment of the global Halal industry’s vast eco-system. Organised by Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) together with strategic agencies, Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) and Ministry of Economic Affairs (MEA). This year’s GHaS, a rebrand of what was then known as the World Halal Week, now houses six different events under one umbrella, each serving a distinct
purpose and catering to a different target audience within the Halal fraternity. For the Halal authorities and certifiers, there is the 10th Halal Certification Bodies Convention (HCBC) and the International Halal Authority Board (IHAB) 2nd General Assembly, both hosted by JAKIM for each of the 78 recognised Halal certification bodies from over 45 countries worldwide. As the name implies, the Halal Certification Bodies Convention (HCBC) is an annual gathering of Halal certifiers from all over the world, congregating in Kuala Lumpur to
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
discuss current trends and challenges within the global Halal industry. This year marks the 10th edition HCBC, with discussions expected to be centred on certification issues and the value of Halal as a recognised standard at par with the industry’s most established best practices. IHAB on the other hand, is a closed-door intellectual discussion between renowned Halal authorities worldwide, all working towards the harmonisation of Halal procedures among member organisation. Becoming a platform for harmonization of global Halal and creating global cooperation are among
of the IHAB’s functions, as well as implementing certification procedures for Halal certifiers. Membership to the Board is open to Halal standard authorities and Halal Certification bodies worldwide. For the producers and services providers of Halal-certified goods and services, the training-based International Halal Technical Capacity Development Programme (IHTCDP) is the best place to keep up-to-date with the latest in Halal certification do’s and don’ts. Held annually since 2017, the programme covers both food (IHTDCP Emerald) and non-food
(IHTDCP Diamond) sectors. The two-day programme covers key topics in Halal certification including assessing Halal target markets, Halal crisis management, Halal ingredients, Halal enforcement and prosecution, even deliberations on the use of blockchain technology in the Halal industry. One of the main highlights of IHTDCP Emerald is the opportunity to interact with the Japan External Trade Organisation (JETRO) on the opportunities of supplying Halal products during the upcoming 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics from July till August next year.
As a large majority of the arrivals will be looking for Halal food, the increase in demand for Halal products in Japan will open up new markets for Halal producers. However, several changes must be fulfilled before products are allowed into Japan, such as changes in packaging, information on nutrients and quality. Mr Hazami is keen on imparting this knowledge during the first mini forum session on the first day of IHTCDP 2019 Emerald. Most past participants agree that IHTCDP encourages the sharing of experiences from Halal industry players worldwide, including business leaders, entrepreneurs and even Halal certification bodies, with some of their most interesting problems and thought-
provoking solutions for our future reference. Another industry-centric event that is being introduced for the first time is the Global Halal Industry Congress (GHIC). Aimed at strengthening Halal compliance amongst Halal certificate holders within the industry, GHIC targets all the Malaysia Halal certificate holders, both local and foreign. GHIC will be focusing on constructive dialogues between relevant authorities and participating industry players, with a view to find practical solutions for the improvement of the overall Halal supply chain, including the management aspect, market access, as well as ingredients sourcing. As the industry moves toward a “friendly Halal industry” approach, GHIC aims to create a new paradigm shift amongst
GHIC will be focusing on constructive dialogues between relevant authorities and participating industry players, with a view to find practical solutions for the improvement of the overall Halal supply chain, including the management aspect and market access
Halal industry players in fully grasping the core principles of Malaysia Halal Standard. Several interesting discussions are expected at the one-day GHIC 2019, such as the first mini dialogue session titled “Global Halal Perspective”. The first-morning session will pit speakers from three of the world’s biggest Halal authorities on the same stage. From the UAE, we have the director general of Emirates Authority of Standardisation & Metrology (ESMA), H.E Abdullah Al Maeeni; representing Malaysia is the Director of Malaysia Halal Council (MHC), Dato’ Dr Sirajuddin Suhaimee, while the Indonesians will have Prof. Ir.
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
Sukoso, the Director General of Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Produk Halal (BPJPH, Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency), to explain the latest development of Halal in the world’s most populous Muslim nation. Four more mini dialogue sessions will be held throughout the one-day GHIC 2019 on April 3, with discussions to be centered on issues and challenges for Halal related authorities in Malaysia, updates on the latest innovation in Halal industry, as well as an interesting take on how the Fourth Industrial Revolution will impact the global Halal industry as we know today. Celebrating the gathering’s 16th anniversary this year at the Malaysia International Trade and Exhibition Centre (MITEC) Kuala Lumpur, two original events that helped strengthened Malaysia’s
position within the Halal sphere will also take centre stage this April. They include the Malaysia International Halal Showcase (MIHAS) and the World Halal Conference (WHC). With plenty of facilitated discussions, knowledge-sharing sessions, networking activities and opportunities to further contribute and enhance the Halal industry, GHaS is undoubtedly one of Malaysia’s strongest and most consistent push towards becoming a global Halal hub.
SHARING OF LOVE AND MERCY THE HALAL WAY “The unique and special characteristics possessed by Malaysians as a shared value will be the most important justification for a Manhaj Mālīzi model, one that upholds Islam in its management of Islamic religious welfare, which is based on mercy and blessings for everyone.” Datuk Seri Dr. Mujahid
Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department Datuk Seri Dr. Mujahid bin Yusof, sat down with HMag to explain JAKIM’s new approach incorporating the Rahmatan lil’ālamin concept, structured within the Maqāsid Syar’iyyah framework and implemented through the Malaysian Model approach. In the exclusive interview, the Minister also elaborates on the role halal industry plays in protecting the entire global food chain, the businesses that produce them, as well the society that consumes them.
Can you explain to us the meanings of Rahmatan lil’ālamin, Maqāsid Syar’iyyah and Malaysian Model approach and how these are connected to the Halal industry?
The upholding of Islam in the context of managing Islamic welfare within a multi-racial and multi-religious country such as Malaysia, should be based on the core path of Rahmatan lil’ālamin (mercy for the entire universe), that is contained within the Maqāsid Syar’iyyah (core principles of Islamic law) structure and translated through the Malaysia Model approach. Islam is essentially a mercy for the entire universe, it is not exclusive to only one race and is not restricted to any particular culture. Rahmatan lil’ālamin refers to the manifestations of love, unity and tolerance amongst the people, the fundamental teachings of al-Qurān and as-Sunnah. Maqāsid Syar’iyyah refers to a central objective that must be achieved by Islamic Syar’iah law. Every decision and action within
the context of a multi-racial society must be made carefully and with tact, to prevent hatred and disputes between religions and races. These considerations must be based on the values embedded within al-Qurān and al-Sunnah, values that preserves one’s religion, life, mind, property and also lineage. The Maqāsid Syar’iyyah structure therefore, is the key that protects, nurture and strengthens our Islamic values and principles, as a means of gaining benefits in this life and the Next, to guarantee good, restrict harm and reject any adverse effects. Finally, the local reference or Malaysia Model, has proven itself to be well managed and well organized, especially within the context of the present Malaysian society, a population that is multi-racial, multireligious and multi-cultural, each with its own historical background, and governed by the current political system. The unique and special characteristics possessed by Malaysians as a shared value will be the most important justification for a Manhaj Mālīzi model, one that upholds Islam in its management of Islamic religious welfare, which is based on mercy and blessings for everyone. This is the new basis of religious administration in Malaysia under the new government, and halal certification is encompassed under religious administration.
just men, women and children, but also the orphans, the old folks, and the students, even plants and animals. This concept of doing good to those around us is a principle that has been agreed upon by scholars. To build and nurture such a harmonious existence, the development of the Rahmatan lil’ālamin framework should also include the core of the concept, as detailed in the al-Qurān and as-Sunnah. Islam therefore, puts the principles of peace, doing good and being fair to all mankind regardless of race and religion as its core values. However, in matters concerning ‘Aqidah (Islamic creed), Syar’iah (Islamic law) and Syi’ar (the greatness) of Islam, the position of Islam in a country that has placed Islam as its federal religion, must be upheld. But in aspects that are disputed amongst Muslim scholars, as well as matters concerning siyāsah (governance), leaders should lean towards a fair decision, one that does not sideline justice and the people’s well-being. The scale between maṣalih (benefits) and mafṣadah (harm) should always be incorporated as the main considerations in setting up these guidelines.
How does that relate to the setting up of Islamic governance principles?
The concept of rahmah or mercy is actually very universal, realized by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself in his daily affairs and communications with those around him. They include not
Where does Halal fit in within the overall direction?
To determine the direction of the Islamic religious administration in Malaysia, seven core strategic clusters have been formed where each has a role to play and its own advantages that represent every religious agency under JAKIM. One of the seven clusters is - the Hajj administration and Halal certification, spelling out the need to “further develop the infrastructure necessary for Malaysia to have a world-class halal certification”. As we all know, the Halal industry we know today evolved from a simple letter issued in the early ‘70s. Malaysia’s multiracial population necessitated the
Further develop the infrastructure necessary for Malaysia to have a worldclass Halal certification
introduction of Malaysia halal standard and certification, and today, the country has received numerous commendations for its halal knowledge and certification know-how. If we accept that Halal certification as the minimum requirement for halal compliance, the bigger scope of halal must also include compliance in every step of the production and postproduction processes. This would invariably include aspects of halal funding, fair pay, fair price, care for the environment, care for the less fortunate and giving back to society. Being ethical and morally guided by Maqāsid Syar’iyyah the main objective to be achieved, one that is pleasing to Allah the Almighty.
How do you see halal evolving within the next few decades, both locally and globally?
I see halal as an industry that can contribute significantly to the economy of not just our nation but also our neighbors. The export of halal food and non-food products generated good returns for the country. The opening up of halal industry to other Muslim lifestyle segments, e.g. Islamic tourism and Muslim-friendly concept in the hospital services, also bode well for a country whose vision is to become a global halal hub.
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
How important is the foreign Halal certification bodies to JAKIM?
JAKIM has been cooperating on a daily basis for the past 40 years, with a range of Malaysian government departments and agencies as well as foreign halal bodies, to institutionalize and implement halal compliance amongst food and non-food producers, local and abroad. These agencies include the Ministry of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs (KPDNHEP); the Ministry of Health (MOH); the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS); the States Department of Islamic Religious Affairs (JAIN), as well as the 78 foreign halal certification bodies and authorities from 45 countries that are recognized by JAKIM. The cooperation and sharing of knowledge and expertise between these agencies, as well as those from foreign halal certifiers worldwide, helped contribute to the overall development of the halal industry we know today. When Maqāsid Syar’iyyah is preserved in all of JAKIM’s efforts and that of its partners, it ensures the total protection of halal consumers not just in Malaysia, but also within this region, as well as globally.
Any final thoughts Datuk?
I would like to take this opportunity, to extend my sincere appreciation to all halal industry players, either the producers, certifiers and even the consumers, both locally and abroad, who have remained steadfast and committed towards enhancing the true value of halal certification in their daily operations. Without the astonishing commitment of everyone within the industry, we would not have been where we are today. So jazakallahu khairan kathiran, and may you have a productive discussion at the Global Halal Summit 2019, and may Allah the Almighty accepts all of our deeds and efforts.
HALAL EXECUTIVE HALAL PROFESSIONAL BOARD TRAINING PROGRAMME This training intends to provide Halal Executives with Shariah and/or technical knowledge in the implementation of Halal in the industry as well as to ensure Halal related matters are in accordance to Shariah principles. Participants will be assessed with a written assessment as to successfully obtain the certificate. Participants will then be awarded with Certificate of Completion issued by Halal Professional Board (HPB).
Date & venue 24th - 28th June 2019 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 8th - 12th July 2019 Petaling Jaya, Selangor * HRDF claimable for Malaysian companies
PRE-REQUISITEs a) Hold at least Diploma/ Degree in the relevant discipline (Food Technology / Food Science / Shariah or other related industry â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Pharmaceutical, Logistics, Cosmetics)
b) Have at least THREE (3) years of working experience in Halal related areas
Must be a Muslim
Course Content • Halal Manual and Records Administration • Internal Halal Committee (IHC) Programme Administration
• • •
Halal Quality Assurance Halal Certification Process Halal Internal Audit Facilitation Written Assessment
“JAKIM is in the process of enforcing compulsory courses and training to all Halal Executives in the industry in this country through the Halal Professional Board Malaysia (HPB), to ensure that they have the same knowledge and are not left out from the developments and activities of the Halal authorities” said Director Halal Hub Division, Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM), Dato’ Dr. Sirajuddin bin Suhaimee – BH Online, 9th February 2018
Objective To produce competent Halal professionals equipped with comprehensive knowledge and ultimately to serve industrial sectors.
By the end of the course, participants should be able to:
Understand and apply the Malaysia’s Halal certification requirements and processes
Understand and apply the requirements in developing Halal Assurance System (HAS)
Maintain the Halal Certification Management System in accordance with JAKIM’s Halal certification scheme
Manage the Halal audit programme from planning, execution, managing nonconformity findings and presentation to report writing
Join Halal Executive HPB course now! Contact email@example.com to register
Revolution and its Impact on the Global Halal Industry
or someone born in the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;70s or earlier, the world today would almost seem like an alien planet. Not even 50 years have passed and the black rotary phone we grew up with has been effectively replaced by smartphones, capable of doing countless other tasks than just a simple phone call. Today mankind is on the cusp of entering the Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0). This fusion of technologies is said to be capable of creating new possibilities that can blur the lines between the physical, digital and biological world. These possibilities will be multiplied by breakthroughs in fields such as artificial intelligence, robotics, the Internet of Things, autonomous vehicles, 3-D printing, nanotechnology, biotechnology, materials science,
energy storage, and quantum computing. Undoubtedly, these cyber-physical systems will disrupt and change the way we live, work, and generally relate to one another. This revolution will also impact all disciplines, industries, and economies. For the Halal industry however, IR 4.0 could have the same impact and disruption and would require the same kind of response as any other industries operating on a global scale, but with one major difference, that it would be managed based on the underlying principles of Shariah. In his book, The Fourth Industrial Revolution, Professor Klaus Schwab, founder and executive chairman of the World Economic Forum, describes the enormous potential for the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, as well as the possible risks.
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The changes are so profound that, from the perspective of human history, there has never been a time of greater promise or potential peril
“The changes are so profound that, from the perspective of human history, there has never been a time of greater promise or potential peril,” he wrote. “My concern, however, is that decision-makers are too often caught in traditional, linear (and non-disruptive) thinking or too absorbed by immediate concerns to think strategically about the forces of disruption and innovation shaping our future.” Ready or not, here are some of the most immediate sub-sectors within the Halal industry that will be impacted, if it had not already.
1 Internet of Things (IoT) The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the concept of equipping everyday devices and appliances with Internet
connectivity. These devices can then communicate and interact with one another over the Internet and can be remotely controlled. Wearable technology, smart homes and smart cars are all examples of IoT for the consumer market. Industrial IoT (IIoT) on the other hand, is where the true possibility lies for the Halal industry. For starters, imagine a seamless integration of communications, control, and information processing across various transportation systems. Dynamic interaction between these components allows vehicles to communicate with one another, enables smart traffic control, smart logistics and fleet management, vehicle control, safety and road assistance.
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 6th April
The IoT platform can also continuously monitor the location and conditions of cargo via wireless sensors and send specific alerts when management exceptions occur (contaminations, delays, damages, thefts, etc.). This enables real-time monitoring of vehicles and allows for appropriate decisions to be made at the most appropriate time.
2 Blockchain In the Halal industry, blockchain has the potential to revolutionise the entire Halal supply chain, by revamping the way traceability, smart contracts and Halal certification is traditionally being implemented. For starters, it can be used to ensure the productâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Halal integrity throughout the entire global supply chain.
This means complete and verifiable traceability of your Halal food, from the type of animal, from which farm, to its point of ritual slaughter, packaging, and final delivery to consumers. The technology would come in handy during emergencies such as when there is a disease outbreak such as the bird flu or swine flu, as it enhances the governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s tracking and operations capabilities as well as provide raised levels of awareness over the agriculture industry. Halal authorities can also issue Halal certificates using blockchain technology, which would have not just the Halal certificate itself, but also all production and distribution records by Halal producers. Since blockchain cannot be tampered with, this reassures users that the certification is both more secure and more independent. The method also provides anonymity and privacy.
3 Nanotechnology The consumer is always in constant demand for new food products that not only have higher quality and improved safety but also with a longer shelf life and freshness appeal. Nanotechnology is the enabling technology with the potential to do just that and revolutionise the entire food industry. Nanotechnology, for instance, can be applied to develop nanoscale materials, controlled delivery systems, contaminant detection and to create nanodevices for molecular and cellular biology. As it is, nanotechnology is already in use today, with many genetically modified crops like corn and soya having better yield, more resistant to pests, diseases and even environmental conditions.
Nanotechnology also promises to provide the means for designing nanomaterials, or materials with tailor-made physical, chemical and biological properties controlled by defined molecular structures and dynamics. Nanotechnology allows not only the creation of novel and precisely defined material properties; it also enables them to be equipped with self-assembling, self-healing and maintaining properties. Detection of very small amounts of chemical contaminants, virus or bacteria in food systems is another potential application of nanotechnology. The ability to design materials at an atomic or molecular level is likely to impact on the food industry through the development of coatings, barriers, release devices and novel packaging materials. Nanotechnology can also provide a means of altering and manipulating food products to deliver the precise nutrients, proteins and antioxidants more efficiently to achieve a certain nutritional and health benefits, to a specific area in the human body or even to specific cells, to enhance their efficacy and bioavailability.
4 Industrial Big Data Analytics Industrial big data analytics refers to the analysis of a large amount of diversified time series or data, generated at a high speed by industrial equipment, which is perceived to hold more potential business values. Industrial big data takes advantage of industrial Internet technology and uses raw data to support the management decisionmaking process, as a way to reduce overall costs in maintenance and improve customer service.
Despite the potential benefits, there is still an ongoing debate on artificial intelligence from the Islamic perspective, with arguments on mimicking creation and simulating intelligence. “It comes down to niyyah or intention,” according to some scholars, while some argue, “the reality comes from the application of artificial intelligence, not artificial intelligence itself.”
6 Mobile Technology
Since the automation level of modern equipment is getting higher, data can be generated from an increasing number of sensors, without the need for human intervention or interfaces. Gone will be the days when Halal auditors have to rely on random Halal audits or inspections to ascertain whether a Halal food producer or restaurant is in compliance with the agreed Halal standards and regulations. With cyber-physical systems providing seamless integration between computational models and physical components, it can transfer any set of raw data to actionable information, process insights, and eventually improve the process with an educated decision-making process. Improved processes will further increase productivity and reduce costs for the producer, not to mention better regulatory compliance and increased product integrity. In the case of Halal industry compliance, this could mean zero regulation infringements for Halal producers and intact reputation amongst its Muslim consumers.
5 AI Speech At I/O 2018 last May, Google showed off a new digital assistant that’s capable of making simple boring phone calls on your behalf. The new Google Duplex feature is designed to pretend to be human, with enough human-like functionality to schedule appointments or make similarly routine phone calls. One could argue that Google Duplex has in fact, passed the Turing Test and made AI speech technology available. Sure there have been debates over whether passing the Turing test would represent a meaningful breakthrough. But what sets Google Duplex apart is its excellent mimicry of human speech. Managing to create a voice copy close enough to standard human that avoids suspicion and rejection is a significant feat. A direct beneficiary of this technology would be the travel industry. Booking flights and hotel rooms and developing unbiased AI travel solutions for individual traveller would be easy with Google Duplex. It can also help in authenticating Halal or Muslim friendly claims, which is currently a challenge.
The possibilities of billions of people connected as one by mobile devices, with unprecedented processing power, storage capacity, and access to knowledge, are unlimited. Mobile phone apps specific for Halal are in fact, quite common today, from helping travellers find Halal eateries, mosques and the qibla (e.g. Zabihah, Meembar, HalalTrip), to the data-cross checking functionalities in JAKIM’s Halal cert validation and verification (e.g. Verify Halal). A bigger potential for mobile technology in Halal industry would be the use of mobile technology to assist businesses and producers in striving not just for the bare-minimum Halal standard, but also for tayyib, or good, ethical, wholesome. Imagine an application that can help businesses go the distance and be apart of a wholesome and tayyib value chain, one that not only produces Halal goods; it is also sustainable and financed in a Shariah-compliant manner. Using the power of community recommendations, the app would assist in charting the businesses’ efforts in taking care for the environment by managing its wastes responsibly, gives back to the community whilst pursuing business models that are ethical, responsible, and not exploitative, befitting man’s role as the appointed stewards on earth. Find out more on IR 4.0 technology and blockchain in HCBC 2019 (1st April) IHTCDP Diamond (2nd April) and GHIC 2019 (3rd April 2019)
Istihalah and Its
Potential Significance in the Halal Industry
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
t the Malaysia International Halal Assembly 2018 last year, a fairly interesting point was raised during the Knowing Your Halal Ingredients session on the potential significance of Istihalah within the global Halal industry. To understand Istihala, one must first understand the five principles of Halal adulteration in Islam. They include the fact that: 1 Every thing that is created by Allah The Almighty is permissible, except that which has been prohibited in al Quran and alSunnah; 2 The determination of the product’s Halal status is based on its raw materials or ingredients; 3 Any process that has been contaminated with haram materials, the end product is also considered haram; 4 Doubtful things/elements should be avoided; and 5 Halal adulteration is permissible only with an intention to make a Halal end product. Among the materials classified as haram include Carrion (al-Maytah), Animal Blood (al-Damm), Pig and any of its derivatives, Intoxicants (Khamr), Impurities and filth (Najs and Khabaits), Human organ (al-Insan) and finally Insects (al-Hasyarat). To understand Istihalah, one also has to understand what is meant as adulteration. Adulteration refers to the act of making any food or drink less pure, by adding another substance to it and thus, lowering the quality of the food or drink.
Food adulteration can range from the simple act of adding natural compounds to the food, or contamination with harmful substances, which is more serious. Some of the more prevalent issues within adulteration include from pigs and its by-products (e.g. pork, lard and gelatin), enzymes (e.g. rennet), emulsifier (e.g. E471 or mono and diglycerides), alcohol (ethanol) and also biotechnology and GMOs (or genetically modified organisms). So what is Istihalah? In its literal sense, Istihalah means transformation or conversion. Based on Islamic legal terminology dictionary the Mu’jam Lughah al-Fuqaha’ by Qal’aji, Istihalah means a substance shifting from one form to another without the possibility of returning to its original form. Wahbah al-Zuhaily meanwhile defined Istihalah as a total conversion of the composition and properties of a filth (najs) material into a pure (al-Tahir) one. This is in agreement with Nazih Hammad, who defined Istihalah as a transformation of a filthy (haram) material into another material; involving, for instance, changes in physical appearance and properties such as name, odour, taste, colour, even nature or state. Aizat and Anuar meanwhile define it as a complete transformation of a product, both physically and chemically. There are three basic components of Istihalah, including Raw Material state as its first component, Intermediate Process as the second and End Product as its final component. Through the integration of science and Islamic law, the fiqh (jurisprudence) of Istihalah consists
of the mixing process of raw materials; the natural and artificial process of conversion agent, and through a conversion process, a finished product is produced. There are two main schools of thought with regards to Istihalah, with the Shafii and Hanbali madzhabs recommending a limited application for Istihalah, while the Hanafi and Maliki madzhabs allow for a wide application of the process. One of the most common Istihalah applications for alcohol is the fermentation process of ethanol to acetic acid or vinegar. Alcohol, which is obtained from the fermentation process of fruits or grains, with the existence of yeast, sugar or starch, becomes one that is colourless and highly flammable. Through natural conditions acting as the conversion agent, alcoholâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s raw material ethanol undergoes a fermentation process and is converted into vinegar as its final state. Meanwhile, gelatine is another popular ingredient that has undergone the Istihalah process. It is a protein derived from partially hydrolysed collagen, obtained mainly from skins and bones of vertebrates. Collagen
consists of the tertiary, secondary and primary structures. Partially hydrolysed collagen could also mean the breaking down of tertiary and secondary structures into smaller molecules. Meanwhile, primary structure of gelatine consists of amino acid, which is the smallest molecule found in gelatine. According to Schrieber & Gareis (2007), the composition of collagen encompasses all 20 amino acids. Glycine, proline and hydroxyproline are the largest numbers of amino acid that exist in gelatine. Gelatine has high value-added properties in the food industry, making it widely used as a texture stabiliser, foaming agent, emulsifying agent, and thickener. Gelatine can also be found in various food products such as ice cream, yoghurt, jelly, puddings, beverages and meat products. Despite this however, the wide usage of gelatine in food products has led to a breakdown of confidence in some Muslim consumers, becoming a source of continuous controversy in the ummah due to its questionable sources. It is true that the European Gelatine Manufacturers had announced in 2011 that the main sources of edible gelatin
have been extracted from pigskin (80%), and cattle hide split (15%), with the remaining 5% coming from pig and cattle bones, poultry and fish. The transformation begins with the raw materials added together with gelatine to form a triple helix. The mixing process, coupled with physical and chemical treatments, results in the total degradation of gelatin as a conversion agent. The ensuing conversion process would later produce the end product, with amino acids remaining intact in the final form. As a conclusion, it is actually becoming harder and very challenging for Muslims to guarantee and confirm the status of their Halal food within the modern technological development. However, properly processed and certified Halal food is deemed vital in capturing the lucrative Halal food market. Adulteration of non-Halal ingredients in Halal food, should therefore, be a major focus for food processing and food production industries. New analytical methods to detect adulterants are urgently needed for Halal food verification and certification. Istihalah actually addresses three different levels of conversion, which include transformation via physical, chemical, or both chemical and physical. However, Istihalah can only be accepted if there is a complete change of state (Tammah). An analytical method to prove the Tammah aspect of Istihalah should be verified and authenticated by Halal food authorities worldwide. Dr. Mohammad Aizat Jamaluddin from IIUM will talk on this topic at IHTCDP Diamond (2nd April 2019)
of How Blockchain is Changing The Halal Industry
uch has been said about blockchain and how it could change the way we do things. Before we go into the nitty-gritty of things, let’s break down what exactly is blockchain and why it is hailed as “the next major disruptor”. When someone requests a transaction, the request is broadcasted to a peer-to-peer (P2P) network consisting of computers, also known as nodes. The nodes validate the transaction and the user’s status using known algorithms. A verified transaction can involve cryptocurrency, contracts, records, or any other information of value. Once verified, the transaction is combined with other similar transactions to create a new block of data for the ledger. The new block is then added to the existing blockchain, in a way that is permanent and unalterable. The transaction is now complete. In other words, a blockchain is a time-stamped series of immutable
record of data, managed by a cluster of computers not owned by any single entity. Each of these blocks of data (i.e. block) are secured and bound to each other using cryptographic principles (i.e. chain). As an encrypted ledger database, blockchain is almost impossible to hack, making its records, or blocks, permanently verifiable. As a decentralised system with no single owner, any retroactive changes to a record must be verified by the majority of potentially thousands of “nodes” or members in a chain. Put simply, it is a technology that is secure by design. While Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are the most popular examples of blockchain usage, this “distributed ledger technology” (DLT) is finding a broad range of uses. Data storage, financial transactions, real estate, asset management, business models, operating processes and many more uses are being explored.
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
In the Halal industry, blockchain has the potential to revolutionize the entire Halal supply chain, by revamping the way traceability, smart contracts and Halal certification is traditionally being implemented. Here are five instances of Blockchain that is changing the Halal industry as we speak:
Track & Trace 1: Halal Trail
TE-Food, a food traceability solution company, has partnered Halal Trail, a UK-based startup to offer the ability to track Halal livestock and fresh food, from farm straight to one’s table, providing software and identification tools to make livestock and fresh food supply information transparent. This means complete and verifiable traceability of your Halal food, from the type of animal, from which farm, to its point of ritual slaughter, packaging, and final delivery to consumers. The Hungary-based company already has over 6,000 customers for its trace-and-track platform, including Asian giants like Aeon, Lotte Mart and CP Group. Their solution includes physical identification materials, B2B mobile app, and a mobile app for consumers to check the history of the food they intend to buy. “We needed a technology that ensures food-related data cannot be corrupted or modified in any way. This led us to the blockchain,” according to TE Food, who aims to improve the end consumers’ trust in food-related information.
We needed a technology that ensures food-related data cannot be corrupted or modified in any way. This led us to the blockchain
Using the Internet of Things (IoT) devices such as radio frequency identification (RFID) sensors and smart cameras with artificial intelligence, Liu said HalalChain can track and monitor each step of the upstream supply chain.
Track & Trace 2: HalalChain
Another blockchain track and trace application are the HalalChain, a platform developed by Dubai-based HLC Technologies, co-founded by Dr Sulaiman Liu.
Aside from guarantee security traceability of and decentralization Halal and healthy by achieving “High products, HalalChain Throughput” using the new By combining the is also implementing underlying technology. advanced DAG blockchain “By combining the technology with technology within advanced DAG technology unique application the Islamic financial with unique application scenarios, we industry, where it scenarios, we are able are able to build can help increase to build across the multiacross the multitransparency and layer payment system layer payment traceability in within the Islamic economy system within the not just Islamic ecosystem,” according to financial products its website. Islamic economy and services, but ecosystem also zakat and Agriculture: donations, heritage Penang & France and property In a more recent registration, cultural development, Malaysian communication etc. Deputy Agriculture and Agro-based Built on the newly distributed Industries Minister Sim Tze Tzin ledger called Directed Acyclic announced last March 1, 2019, that Graph (DAG), HalalChain can the Malaysian government is also
looking into utilising blockchain to track and control agricultural and Halal products. The Deputy Minister also said that the technology would come in handy during emergencies such as when there is a disease outbreak such as the bird flu or swine flu, as it enhances the government’s tracking and operations capabilities as well as provide raised levels of awareness over the industry. This should, in turn, lead to a higher quality of products and services the Malaysian population receives when it comes to the agriculture industry, he added. Sim’s call came around the same time when French President Emmanuel Macron also called for increased use of data technologies such as blockchain in the EU, as a way to boost the union’s agriculture
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
industry and address concerns over food traceability. Macron spoke of the need to authenticate and track agricultural products amid growing consumer concerns over issues such as the recent Polish beef scandal. He also proposes the EU to take advantage of technology to revamp Europe’s agricultural policy. He argued that the policy should be based on the protection of farmers and consumers against climate change and market risks, more ecological farming, and using technology and innovation to help to solve industry challenges. If there is support from the EU member nations, Macron also said he would propose the establishment of a European task force to ensure the standards of agricultural products and fight food fraud.
Halal Certification: POCertify
Another major beneficiary of blockchain is in the fields of certification and compliance. For consumers facing uncertainty over Halal certification, South African-based POCertify is offering a new solution: verification via blockchain. Based on a new decentralised application, or dApp, POCertify uses blockchain and smart contracts technology to publish Halal certificates. It is the brainchild of IT entrepreneur Shabeer Shaik Abdurahaman, who explains that the design is on a transparent, secure and decentralised platform, with verification provided via a digital hash signature. “Blockchain technology, together with Islamic principles, will digitally encrypt the Halal Certificate in its PDF format, and verify the Halal Certificate on the blockchain,” Abdurahaman explains. “If it is correctly verified, it proceeds to be used, and if not, the producer or supplier is not given the Halal certificate.” This reassures users that the certification is both more secure and more independent. The method also provides anonymity and privacy, which limits modification by third parties such as by governments or businesses. With no central authority, Blockchain also allows for the Halal certificate to be available at all times, unlike when a website is down for maintenance or other reasons. Abdurahaman believes trust is an essential component of why Halal has found a home in the blockchain. “Certifications have been a complex task right from the very beginning. What makes it even more difficult is the trustworthiness of it. In the case of Halal certification, strict guidelines need to be maintained, given that the Muslim population is dependent on it.”
Funding: Islamic financial institutions
Islamic financial institutions are increasingly using blockchain for complex financing terms, Shariahcompliant transactions and Islamic and Shariah-compliant alternatives to conventional insurance, helping with KYC (Know Your Customer), backoffice automation, and underwriting of micro-insurance. The Emirates Islamic was the first Islamic bank to test blockchain in 2017 when it integrated blockchain into its cheque-based payment processes, strengthening authenticity and minimising the potential for fraud. UAE-based Al Hilal Bank meanwhile, became the first Islamic Bank to complete a Sukuk transaction on blockchain on the Abu Dhabi Global Market Financial centre. Based on the Ethereum blockchain, the system was developed by Dubai-incubated fintech startup Jibrel Network. This company provides currencies, equities, commodities, and other financial assets as standard ERC-20 tokens on the Ethereum blockchain. Islamic financial institutions are also using blockchain for: Smart contracts - used for the management of profit sharing agreements, agency arrangements, and partnerships; Verification - of Islamic financial transactions to avoid conflict, facilitate client partnership and increase transparency; Integration with mobile technology, in countries without legacy banking infrastructure; and Banking and transactions through smartphone apps, whilst maintaining traceability and transparency of banking deals for all clients. Ms Nawira from PO Centify and Mr. Rushdie Siddique will discuss more on Blockchain in HCBC 2019 (1st-2nd april) and IHTCDPDiamond (2nd April 2019)
Pharmaceutical Options to Muslims
he Islamic achievements in medieval medicine were groundbreaking. Muslim scholars spearheaded the impressive growth and discoveries in many scientific fields, especially pharmaceuticals. They were, in fact, acknowledged as the founders of modern medicines. In spite of all this, however, Muslims today are still finding themselves shut out to having halal pharmaceuticals and medicines as an option. For the record, the pharmaceutical industry is made up of two main sub-sectors,
the medicines and the health; and dietary supplements. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Medicines are constantly in demand, regardless of economic conditions. Supplements are for wellness, immunity and energy. It is a preventive and promotive healthcare option. At the moment, all segments offer very little information on Halal status to Muslimsâ&#x20AC;? said Amrahi Buang, Former Chief Pharmacist and Deputy Director University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC).
Medicines are constantly in demand, regardless of economic conditions. Supplements are for wellness, immunity and energy. It is a preventive and promotive healthcare option. At the moment, all segments offer very little information on Halal status to Muslims | Amrahi Buang
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Amrahi pointed to the Medicines Partnership Programme established by the Department of Health, United Kingdom in 2002 as an example of providing informed choice for medicines. The programme promotes the concept of concordance â&#x20AC;&#x201C; or shared decision-making - as an approach to help patients to get the most from their medicines. But even based on their past achievements alone, Muslims today
actually have the innate right to halal medications. They should also have the right to choose, and be informed of, and to give consent for any use of non-halal medications, or at least porcine-derived medications, either on us or for our loved ones. In short, all pharmaceutical products must be properly labelled if it is sourced from animals either bovine or porcine. The mismatch is real. Currently, the global halal pharmaceutical
supply is meeting only 3% of the global halal demand. The estimated global demand for halal medicines, including the innovators, generics and biosimilar is worth approximately USD82 billion a year. Compare this against the global demand for all medicines, which surpasses the USD1 trillion mark annually. Spurred by various factors including the growth of the global Muslim population, the rising
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
education and income level amongst Muslim consumers, the global halal pharmaceutical market today is indeed burgeoning. Increased awareness over the present use of non-halal certified medicines is also playing an important role in spurring the demand for halal pharmaceuticals and medicines. This mismatch has also prompted more global manufacturers to take notice and commenced R&D tests to replace animal-based ingredients
such as gelatin, enzymes and emulsifiers, with plant-based ingredients. This inadvertently increases the demand for a globally recognized halal certification from competent authorities. Being the only country with its own standard Halal Pharmaceutical guidelines, the MS2424:2012, which is, in fact, the first halal pharmaceutical guidelines ever produced in the world, Malaysia is expected to benefit directly from this impending trend. When a pharmaceutical product complies with MS2424, it also means that it complies with the guidelines established not just by the Malaysian Ministry of Health, but also with industry standard Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP), as well as the standards set by the Pharmaceutical Inspection Cooperation Scheme (PIC/S). The PIC/S is a non-binding, informal co-operative arrangement between regulatory authorities in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) of medicinal products for human or veterinary use. The scheme is open to any authority having a comparable GMP inspection system. PIC/S presently comprises 52 participating authorities from all over the world, including Europe, Africa, America, Asia and Australasia. The halal pharmaceutical industry is really a very controlled environment when look at it closely. By having the first gatekeeper under the National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA), which is the Malaysian law to produce products that comply with GMP guidelines; and then the second gatekeeper, JAKIM for the halal audit, which is voluntary. The Halal audit uses the MS:2424 standard and their own Halal Manual Procedure that vouch for the products of Syar’iah-compliant
form and nature," Amrahi further explained. As a matter of policy in Malaysia, The Drug Control Authority (DCA) only allows the use of halal labels on cosmetics, traditional medicines, health supplements and over-thecounter (OTC) products. This is sure to provide better options and choices for Muslim consumers, not just in Malaysia but also worldwide. Malaysia’s seriousness in tapping the global halal pharmaceutical market is also evident with the government’s inclusion of references to Halal Pharmacopoeia & Alternative listing within the National Medicines Policy, developed under the Economic Transformation Programme’s (ETP) National Key Economic Areas (NKEA). To date, there are over 4000 halal certified products in the market, produced by at least five local industries players. This number will obviously increase as the halal pharmaceutical industry unravels itself, both locally and abroad. Truth is, halal certified pharmaceutical products not only benefit the Muslims but also is for everyone. Not only because of its wholesomeness (or the toyyiban aspect), it is also guaranteed as safe for consumption, hygienically produced with a high-quality standard of production and ingredients or materials used, as well as being assured of the product’s efficacy or effectiveness. Halal pharmaceuticals, without doubt, arrived at its intended time and place, which is now, here in Malaysia. Mr. Amrahi together with Dr. Shuja Shafie and Dr. Azizah will discuss more on this topic in the IHTCDP - Diamond (1st April 2019)
Duopharma Biotech Berhad (formerly known as CCM Duopharma Biotech Berhad) (”Duopharma”) is a Malaysian-based investment holding company. We are public-listed on the Main Board of Bursa Malaysia with Permodalan Nasional Berhad (PNB) as our major shareholder. Duopharma has grown to being one of the top 20 Government-Linked Companies (GLCs) and also a Bumiputra Corporate Public Listed Company (BCPLC) under an initiative by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI). We are the No. 1 pharmaceutical company in Malaysia and we aspire to become one of the leading pharmaceutical companies in ASEAN by 2022. Our activities are centred on developing, manufacturing and marketing generic drugs and branded pharmaceutical products. We produce more than 300 generic drugs, including our awardwinning medications such as Omesec and Prelica and also consumer healthcare brands such as Champs, Proviton, Flavettes and Naturalle. We are expanding our portfolio of ethical and consumer healthcare products to include niche products in the therapeutic areas of oncology, biosimilars and vaccines.
Duopharma Biotech Berhad (524271-W)
(formerly known as CCM Duopharma Biotech Berhad) Suite 18.06, Level 18, Kenanga International No. 26, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia
Smarter Solutions. Healthier life.
We are the first pharmaceutical company to obtain the world’s 1st Halal Pharmaceutical Certification based on MS 2424 in 2013. We are also awarded the Pharmaceutical Company of the Year by Frost and Sullivan for 2013, 2016 and 2018 under the Generics Drugs Category, Halal Pharmaceutical Company of the Year for 2017 and 2018 and the Islamic Economy Award for the Food and Health Category during the Global Islamic Economy Summit 2015 in Dubai. We also have a regional presence with a network of offices in Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines in our bid to expand our horizon and avail our products to more than 30 countries. Our products and services meet stringent and consistent compliance procedures implemented throughout Duopharma group of companies to meet the growing needs of the domestic and overseas markets.
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603 -21620218 603 -21610507 www.duopharmabiotech.com
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st – 6th April
3 BIGGEST POLEMICS ON USE OF ALCOHOL IN HALAL F&B INDUSTRY
he issue of alcohol used in food and beverage industry remains a polemic in the Muslim community, as alcohol is perceived to be khamr (alcoholic beverage), which is inaccurate. At Knowing Your Halal Ingredients session of the 2nd International Halal Technical Capacity Development Program (IHTCDP 2017), some very interesting points were raised with regards Malaysia’s current ruling on alcohol for Halal certification purposes. Alcohol, or ethanol, is the intoxicating constituent in alcoholic beverages, and it is the only type of alcohol that can be consumed. Others like methyl, propyl and butyl can result in blindness and death if consumed, even in small doses. For the food and beverage industry, ethanol is nearly ubiquitous in nature, with small amounts found in nearly all foods. It is a common chemical compound, produced during fermentation and used mainly as an ingredient in food preparation. Ethanol is also used in food manufacturing to aid food processing. Examples include solvents for flavours extraction (vanilla bean extraction), food preservatives, disinfectants,
vinegar fermentation, which is converted into acetic acid, as well as washing liquids used by food processing machinery.
Issue 1 If ethanol is produced by the same process as winemaking (fermentation), does that make it non-Halal? A Fermentation is a preservation process, which is ordinarily involved to produce various food products from a myriad of botanicalbased sources, such as cereals (sourdough), fish (budu or fermented anchovies), fruits (tempoyak or fermented durian), shrimps (belacan and cincalok) and legumes (soya sauce). The fermentation process is not necessarily just to produce a product for the purpose of intoxication (alcoholic beverage). The Halal status of a product will depend on the objective (niyyah) for which the product is produced (al umur bi maqasidiha) and also on how it is going to be used.
Issue 2 Is the ethanol produced as industrial alcohol the same that is produced in an alcoholic beverage (khamr)?
A Some misunderstanding has indeed occurred when the original term in Arabic, i.e. khamr is equated to alcohol in English. Alcohol has a wider meaning and connotation and is not only limited to ethanol or alcoholic beverages only. Ethanol does not necessarily mean khamr although the intoxicating constituent of khamr is ethanol. Its Halal status will again depend on the intention or the purpose of the product (al umur bi maqasidiha).
Issue 3 Is adding khamr (wine, spirits) in the preparation of food and drinks permissible? Won’t the constituents be totally evaporated off? A It is not permissible to add khamr in any food/drink preparation as adding it will nullify its Halalness, as khamr is considered a contaminant. Khamr residues will actually remain and be present even after the food have been vigorously cooked or heated for a long time. As a conclusion, scientific and Shariah-based approaches can both be used to assist in the determination of alcohol level in food and drinks, using the ’medico-legal’ principles as the final determinant. It is however imperative that the industry overcomes these uncertainties and institute proper coordination of the permissible levels of alcohol in various products for the overall benefit of the Halal industry. Find out more on this topic in the IHTCDP Emerald (1st April 2019)
Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Journey To Halal
oliteknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (PTSS) is an institution of higher learning under the Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education, Ministry of Education, Malaysia. Located in the north peninsula of Malaysia; Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (PTSS) formerly known as ‘Politeknik Perlis’ was officiated by Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail, Raja Negeri Perlis on June 16, 2004. Recently, Politeknik Malaysia have attained the age of 50th Gold Jubilee in conjunction with its first setting; Politeknik Ungku Omar (PUO) in Ipoh
under United Nations Development Plan in 1969 and up to now there are 36 Politeknik across all 14 states in Malaysia. The vision of Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education (JPPKK) is to be Malaysia’s main provider of innovative human capital through transformational education and training for the global workforce by 2015. Therefore, PTSS committed to provide compelling transformative learning experiences through educational opportunities and a collaborative learning environment both centered on pioneering socioeconomic transformations through innovative deliveries and with ethical values.
PTSS gives top priority to building both students and faculty and enhancing graduate employability. Engaging highly qualified academics, promoting work-based and long-life learning education; PTSS delivers compelling learning experiences within the framework of a holistic curriculum. Collaborative, industry and enterprise embedded PTSS blends global exposure with extensive industrial training to enrich the personal competencies of its graduates. A clear evidence of employability of Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (PTSS) graduates is the latest study by the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia, which traced close to an impressive 96.3% percent of PTSS graduate employability within six months of their convocation.
Global Halal Summit 2019 1st â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 6th April
As PTSS continues to provide pathways to knowledge and facilitating knowledge exchange, therefore PTSS always keep up with industrial needs. Recently, Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (PTSS) appointed as Halal Training Provider (PLH) by the Halal Professional Board (HPB), Malaysia on 15 January 2018. Apart from that, there are another four (4) Politeknik which consist of Politeknik Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah (POLISAS), Politeknik METRO Kuantan (PMKU), Politeknik Merlimau Melaka (PMM) and Politeknik Sultan Idris Shah (PSIS) was also been appointed as PLH. PLH is a government or non-governmental institution approved by the. Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) to provide Halal Training Program (Professional Certification) or any course related to the Halal Industry in Malaysia. This has also enabled PTSS to organize Halalrelated programs, especially the Halal Executive (HE) program in providing qualified workers in the lawful Halal field. Appointing a qualified Halal Executive is one of the compulsory requirements for the industry as determined by JAKIM through the Malaysian Halal Certification Manual (3rd Revision) 2014. The main target of this program is to cater the industry interested in appointing Halal Executive employees or any individual who want to develop
themselves by obtaining this legal Halal Executive Certificate which certified by JAKIM. In addition, PTSS has embarked on the HE program to PTSS students and for the time being, 25 graduates of Diploma in Halal Practices Food Services will be graduating at the end of this year, which come with dual certification; Diploma in Food Services Halal Practices and Professional Halal Executive Certificates. In empowering the Halal Industry, PTSS established joint ventures and expertise sharing with outside agencies especially DagangHalal Sdn. Bhd (DHSB) to expand the participantsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; market and strengthen the development of Halal courses in PTSS. This program designed to benefit PTSS and DHSB to contribute to the community. The co-organized Halal Executive (HE) program of three (3) sessions over a period of 2 years from the date of this collaboration signed.
PTSS will provide training facilities at Pauh Inn Educational Training Center such as seminar room, lodge, industry standard equipment and kitchen set up, three (3) stars hotel suites, mock-up abattoir, wireless access coverage (Wi-Fi), information technology facilities and many more. The prescribed fee rates are currently among the lowest with a complete package approximately cost around RM3200.00 only. The package include eating meals, accommodation and printed materials. In addition, the industry is eligible to reclaim the fees at the Human Resource Development Fund (HRDF). For further inquiries regarding Halal courses offered in PTSS, visit our official website at http://www.ptss.edu.my or via phone called 04-9886200 interconnection to Unit Latihan dan Pendidikan Lanjutan (ULPL), PTSS.
JAKIM Recognised Foreign Halal Certification Bodies / As of 13 February 2019 th
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Australian Halal Authority & Advisers (AHAA)
Perth Mosque Incorporated
Agency for Halal Quality Certification
BRAZIL Fambras Halal Certificaçao LTDA (FAMBRAS HALAL)
Islamic Association of Katanning
Supreme Islamic Council of Halal Meat in Australia Inc. (SICHMA)
Centro de DivulgaҫãodoIslam Para América Latina (CDIAL) / IslamDissemination Center forLatin America
BRUNEI Lembaga Mengeluarkan Permit Import Halal Bahagian Kawalan Makanan Halal Jabatan Hal Ehwal Syar’iah
Halal Certification Authority Australia (HCAA)
CANADA Islamic Co-ordinating Council of Victoria (ICCV)
Halal Montreal Certification Authority
AUSTRIA Halal Monitoring Authority (HMA)
Islamic Information and Documentation Center
ARGENTINA Islamic Centre of Argentine Republic (Centro Islamico de La Republica Argentina)
BANGLADESH Islamic Foundation Bangladesh (Baitul Moqarram National Mosque)
Shandong Halal Certification Service (SHC)
China Islamic Association
Linxia Halal Food Certification Centre (Gansu)
BELGIUM Halal Food Council of Europe (HFCE)
ARA Halal Development Services Center Inc. (ARA)
Shaanxi Shang Pin Yuan Halal Food & Restaurant
IRELAND Islamic Foundation of Ireland
CHILE Centro Islamico De Chile
ITALY Co.Re.Is Halal Italia
CROATIA Centre For Halal Quality Certification (CHQC)
World Halal Authority (WHA)
JAPAN Egyptian Organization for Standardization & Quality (EOS)
Japan Muslim Association
FRANCE Ritual Association of Lyon’s Great Mosque (Association Rituelle de la Grande Mosquée de Lyon)
Japan Halal Association (JHA)
Japan Halal Unit Association (JHUA) HALAL CONTROL GmbH Inspection and Certification Body Japan Islamic Trust (JIT)
INDIA Halal India Pvt Ltd
Jamiat Ulama Halal Foundation
Jamiat Ulama-l-Hind Halal Trust
Muslim Professional Japan Association (MPJA)
Nippon Asia Halal Association (NAHA)
Japan Halal Foundation (JHF)
KAZAKHSTAN The Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI)
Association Halal Industry of Kazakhstan (AHIK)
IRAN Islamic Chamber Research & Information Center (Icric)
Halal Damu (Halal Development) LLP
PHILLIPINES Islamic Da’wah Council of The Philippines (IDCP)
Kenya Bureau of Halal Certification (KBHC)
National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) UAB Halal Control Lithuania Halal International Chamber Of Commerce and Industries Of The Philippines, INC. (HICCIP)
MALDIVES Ministry of Islamic Affairs
POLAND Muslim Religious Union in Poland (MRU)
MOROCCO Institut Marocain De.Normalisation (Imanor)
Polski Instytut Halal (Polish Institut of Halal)
Control Office of Halal Slaughtering B.V & Halal Quality Control
Foundation Halal Correct Certification (TQHCC - Total Quality Halal Correct)
Islamic Religious Council of Singapore (MUIS)
SOUTH AFRICA National Independent Halaal Trust
Halal Feed and Food Inspection Authority (HFFIA) South African National Halal Authority (SANHA)
NEW ZEALAND Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand (FIANZ)
Muslim Judicial Council Halaal Trust (MJCHT) New Zealand Islamic Development Trust (NZIDT)
Korean Muslim Federation (KMF) Jamea Markaz Uloom Islamia Mansoora (JMUIM)
Punjab Halal Development Agency (PHDA)
SPAIN The Halal Institute of Spain (Junta Islámica)
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA) Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America (IFANCA)
Halal Accreditation Council (Guarantee) Limited
Islamic Services of America (ISA)
Halal Certification Services
Halal Certification Agency Vietnam (HCA) Taiwan Halal Integrity Development Association (THIDA)
THAILAND The Central Islamic Council of Thailand (CICOT)
TURKEY Kas Uluslararasi Serti̇fi̇kasyon Göz. Tek. Kont. Hizm. Ltd. Şti. (Kascert International)
Association For The Inspection and Certification Of Food And Supplies (GIMDES)
UKRAINE LLC Certification Center “Halal”
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES (UAE) Emirates Authority for Standardization & Metrology (ESMA)
UNITED KINGDOM Halal Certification Europe (HCE)
Halal Food Authority