Page 1


Report upon the Regional Scheme (1926) This report has been digitised by Joe Blakey and Martin Dodge from the Department of Geography, University of Manchester. The digitisation was supported by the Manchester Statistical Society’s Campion Fund. The copy of the report digitised kindly provided by Richard Brook, Manchester School of Architecture. Permission to digitise and release the report under Creative Commons license was kindly granted by Manchester Libraries, Information and Archives, Manchester City Council. (Email: archiveslocalstudies@manchester.gov.uk) This work is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. 20 July 2013.


lmj>crin(Arrinl 1'/tolo .,Cr.

FRONTJSPl ECE. TnE C!il"THE OF TH!i REGIOI"AL AHEA, SHOWING THE RoYAL ExcHANGE, ST.

A:-~:-~'s

SQUARE, M ,\NCHESTEI?.


MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT JOINT TOWN PLANNING ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

REPORT UPON

THE REGIONAL SCHEME.

~ 1.\X C H E.

H t:K I<Y DL :\CKLOCK -.:'

o.

T(,;R:

LDilTED 1 J>rinle r.; ,

Alben Squ:1.re.


5

CONTENTS. PAGE

9

FOREWORD P art I.- I r TRODUCTIO t Region of the Committee Constitution of the Committee History and functions of the Committee . . Method of procedure in the preparation of the Regional Plan . . General recommenda tion on method of p rocedu re t o ~ nsur nforcemcnt of Regional Plan

27

P art II.-GENERAL URVEY OF THE REGION : Geographical and Topographical. . Rainfall

32 33

P art III.- COMi\lUNICATIONS : Roads Tramway and Omnibus ervice . . . R ailways and Canal Population and Traffic MoYem nt

37 63 6-t65

Part IV.- ZO NlNG: General Notes . . Industrial or Corr.mcrcial Residential Recreational

6 8r 83 88

r2 rz 20

25

Part V.- Pu.cEs OF Hr TORIC I NTEREST . .

roo

P a rt VI.- MINING AR EAS

II-+

Part \ II . -P uBI.IC TILITY Water Gas Electricity . . Main Drainage ..

ERVICES : I2 I24 r28 I32

Part VIII.- TowN PLA NKING : General Notes ..

I33

Part IX.-CONCLUSIO s : General ummary of Main Recommendations Repres ntation on the J oint ommittee Appendix ..

I40 I-t-3 I45 r6r


6

LIST OF MAPS AN D ILLUSTRAT IONS. The r.c nt r of the R gion al Area-The Royal Exchange, PAGE Frontispi ce St. nn ' qu are, Manche t er .. facing r8 utline Map of th I egion .. Th Town H all, l\1anchest r I9 2I rclina ry Traffi c, Piccadill y, Manch st er . . fac ing z6 Outline Map of Group Areas The Town H all, Bolton .. 3I . . facing 36 Contour Map of Region R ainfall 1ap of Region .. facing 36 The Town H all , Warrington 36 .. facing 3 Hist ori c Map of R egion (Rom an l~oacls ) Traffic on gestion , , ank y treet , v\ arringt on 39 n ff ctive treet Lay-out : Boule va rde, roo fe t wid 43 45 Typical R oad . ection hip Barton (Road and Can al) Bridges o,路er Manchester anal ; also an Electricit y Generating Station (Manchester Corporati on) -~7 Barton (Road and Canal) Bridges opened t o allow p a. sage of hipping . . 48 49 Anci nt l~oad through The vVinnai: , astleton, Derbyshire . . R oad Map of Region . . fac ing 62 Outline R ailway Map of Region. . . . facing 64 Out lin Ca nal Map of Region . . facing 64 r neral Air View of l\lanchest er .. hip Ca nal and Docks at Salford 65 Shipping in No. 9 Dock lVIanch t r Ship Canal 66 R ailway and Canal 1Iap of R gion .. facing 66 The Town H all, Rochdale . . 67 Typ ical xample of Uncont rolled Building Density and Lay-out , ifancheste r 69 Typical exampl e of Cont rolled Building Density and Lay-out , Manchest er .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 7o Proposed Art Centre, Manch ester 7I P roposed 1v1c entre, BoHon Industri al D velopm nt , Trafford P ark 73 ut lin fap, River Drainage rcas . . fac ing 76 1 h mok Tui sanc.e . Contributory a uscsDom -tic .. 77 Industrial . . 77 Tram ongestion ca used by low-moving Vehicles, Manchest er 8r


LL T OF iVI P, AND ILL

TR TI

7 The progress of Hou ing from the year r82oPAGE Erect ed about r 20 84 1845 , -1, 1845 (a back pas age) 8s ,, !870 Bs 86 " r8g5 q6 ,. 191-~ 1922 87 " 1922 87 " " Country 'cenesGrappenhall , near ·w arrington s6 Old tocks and ro. s, Lymm, heshire 6 The Pool, Dunham Old P a rk 97 High Legh Park, Cheshire, showing Privat hapel 97 Deane Clough, Bolton . . 93 View from Lymm Bridge, Lymm 9 Healey Dell Rochdale .. 99 n rial Vi "" of BuxtoE, D rby::: hir 99 Chaclkirk Chapel, near Romiley . . I I ·w arburton Old Church, Che h!rc 102 Turton Tower, near Bolton .. ! 02 Pe\·eril astle ancl Cav dale, Castleton , Dcrty h:re 103 The l\!Ianchest r athedral . . 104 vVinwick Church near \iVarrington 104 The P ard1 Church, l~ochdale IO:) Jl) The Barl ey Mow Inn , vVa rrington Wardley H all, v or 1 y, Lanca hire !07 Wor.ley Old H all, Lancashir 107 A tl y H all, Chorley I 8 Bramall H all, Bramhall ro8 Hough End H all, Mancheste r rog H all i' th' Wood, Bolton r eg The first Railway Pa ceng r tation in the Region-Water treet , Manchester .. IIO Gawsworth Old Hall, near Macclesfi ld II3 Geological Map of Region .. facing II The effect of ubsiclence clue to Coal MiningFlooding of House II9 Exten ion of a Floc decl Area across a l\Iain 1 oad I I<) Outline Map, Water upply Areas .. facing !22 Gas upply Areas .. , , .. facin g ! 26 El ctricity upply Areas .. fa ing 130 J oint ewage Area .. facing 132 , uggestecl Decent rali eel Areas .. facing 170 " {Cnut ainod in F.cJmt·nLe R gional Map (2tin. _ca1c) (12 sections) .. cla \•elopo)

-couH 111((:d


I

,J


9 REPORT UPON THE REGIONAL S CHEME OF

THE

MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT JOINT TOWN PLANNING ADVISORY COMMITTEE.

Chairman:

Alderman T HOMAS TuR NBULL, C.B .E., D.L. , J.P. ( rancheste r

.B.).

Deputy-Chairman : (January, rgzr, to December , r gz5) E'..:-Councillor H AROLD SHAWCROSS, J .P. (Rochdn.le C.B.). Dep1tty-Chairman : Councillor }Oli N FLETCHER TEELE, J.P. (Bolton C.B .). H onorary S ecretary : PEH CY MELVILLE HEATH (Town Clerk, Mancheste r

.B .).

H onorary T?'eas~we?' : J oHN EDWARD BRAY (City Tr asur r, ifanchest er C.B.). 路 Assista-nt Secretary : ' Ai\fUEL HILL (Assistant to Town Clerk, Manchester

.B.).

Chief Snrveyor : REGINALD BRUCE, A.R.I.B.A., M.T.P.I. , P .A.S.I.

FOREWORD.

The acreage and description of the Area (hereinafter referred t o as ''the Region ") dealt with by this Committee, its constitution, functions, and recommendations, are set out in the following pages. The importance of the work of the Committee may be gauged by the staten ent of fact th at there is no other comparable self-contained Region in which industry and commerce are so highly and .completely developed . An outline map of the R egion faces page r8. The main industry of the Region-the m anufacture of textilesis of long standing. In earli er days, and when the Region was less crowded, no doubt a considerable amount of general waste passed mmoticed . To-day conditions are different, and there can no longer be afforded any waste, either in industry, or of the health or welfare of those engage d in it. Every acre of the R egion must be put to its


} REW I D- continucd

10

mot pr d uct ive u e and provid d .

v r

po sibl

fac ilit_ of communication

T her fore the ultimate aim t hat the ommittce ha. h:cd in vievv has b n to prepare an achi or plan in broad outlin which will facilitate t h progre siv . d velopm nt of ver:y part of t hi imp01i ant Region , so that the most ma~' b made of it va t resource . the enterprise of its citiz ns, and to bring about t h be t po. ible cond ition of life. With this in view the .ommittee fu路 t surveyed the Region and ii.s possibilities, and subsequ ntly pr ce ded with t he preparati on of the regional cheme. l\Iention hou1d b made of the visits of insp t ion kindly arranged by the J.\Ianch ster . h ip Canal Company an d t he London , Mi dland and cotti h Rai lway Compan y t o their re pective undertaking in the Region. Tl e ommittee do not sugge t that all their propo als, as embodied in this report, honld be put in hand immediately. On t he contrary, their proposal com prise a progre sive programme of de\路elopment f r many year ahead. The tep of immediate importance is, by means of the Town Planning Act, 1925, to secure that nothing may be done or left undone which ma interfere with the realisat ion of the programme. In this way all future deYelopment in the Region, whether by private enterprise or by a publ'c body, will be gui ded and controlled on predetermined line 路 a common aim, di rected t owards t he advancement of the pro perity an d well-being of all t he inhabitants, secur d, and wast , conge t ion, and confu ion avoide d. The interests represented on the Committee, both of the constit uent local authorit ies and the co-opted members represent ing county co uncils and certain bodies indicated hereafter, are varied, and cover a wide field, but all have worked together enthu ias1..ically and harmoniously in t he interests of the Region as a whole. The task entrusted to t he Committee of prepa ring an outline plan of regional development has now been accom plished. In order to si mplify the enforcement and,or carrying out of that plan, a division of th Region into a number of group areas, fo r the purpose of preparing statutory town plan ning schemes to give effect to regional proposals, is r comm nded . In order that unity of aim may be maintained t hroughout the Region to keep in focus the prospect s aud needs of t he Region as a whole, t o continue the pooling of expe rien ce, and


F REW RD- co1ztiuued

II

to maintain balance and smooth working between the varions parts of the whole, it is deemed essenti al that a reconstituted J oint Advisory Committee should continue in operati on, and recomm endat ions to that effect are included in this report. The realisation of a co-ordinated plan is a matter of great importance to every inhabitant of the Region, and all must benefit by a progressive programme of development. If such a programme is not reali ed, confusion wi ll become worse confounded, and all will suffer. The Committee feel they can confidently rely upon the necessary cordial co-operation and united effort of all local authoriti es, land o 'lners and developers, leaders of industry and commerce, anc1 others in securing a progressive plan of development .


12

Part 1.- INTRODUCTI ON. REGION OF THE COMMITTEE. Local ion and bo undary ol R â&#x20AC;˘gion

The Region consists of parts of the counties of Cheshire (203,339 acres), Derbyshire (119,926 acres), Lancashire (312,138 acres), and Yorkshire (West Riding) (18,485 acres), covers approximately 1,020 square miles, and extends from the northern boundaries of the boroughs of Haslingden, Rawtenstall, and Bacup on the North, to the county boundary of Staffordshire on the South, and, from the Pennine Range and the eastern boundary of the rural district of Chapel-en-le-Frith on the East, to the western boundary of the urban district of Billinge and the rural district of Warrington on the West. The Region approximately coincides with the watershed areas of the Rivers Mersey and Irwell as controlled by the Rivers Mersey and lrwell Watershed Joint Committee.

CONSTITUTION OF THE COMMITTEE. Cons ti t uen t au tho rities

lass ificalion a nd r(â&#x20AC;˘prcsc n lat ion o f onst itu nt a utho rili l'S

The total number of loc al authorities administering within the Region is 104; of these 96 are constituent authorities of the Committee. The classification and representation of these constituent authorities is as follows :-

X atu re of Local _\u horiry

mmt

Boroughs

Boroughs rban D i hict R ura l Di t ri ct

_-umlx-r oi Authorities

R epresen tation on Co mmi ltec Eac.;h Local Aut ho rity

To ta l

7

2

14

15

2

30

6o

I

6o

14

I

14

g6 _ .* In add itio n, t he. To wn Clerk or Clerk a nd the ' urveyo r and / o r E ng meer o f each cons tituen t a u tho rity is en ti rl ed to atte nd a ll mce lina;; o f t he ommi ttee in a n a d viso ry capacit-y. "

*rr8


ON TITUTtO

F

0 Il\IITTEE-contimted

I3 In additi on to the representation of the constituent authoriti s, the undermentioned bodies a re o-opted and allowed representation on the Committee, but without voting power :-

Co路optcd a ttlh o ri Lies and l oclies

H rp rescn ta 1ion on tbr Committe .

Cheshire County C uncil

2

Derbyshire COlmty Council

I

Lancashire County Council

2

York hire (West Riding) County The Manchester

ouncil

hamber of Commerce

I

2

The Manchester , ociety of Architect.

2

The Garden Cities and Town Planning Association . .

2

The l(oads Improvement Association (Incorporated), Lancashire and Cheshire Branch

I

The Tovvn Planning I nstitute ( orth of England Division) . .

I

The Ancient Monuments

I

ociety

Representatives of the Ministry of Health and the Mini try of Tran port are al o invited to attend the me ting of the ommittee . The full Committee numbers

320

persons.

In the preparation of the regional cheme the Committee has operated through a series of Group nb- ommittce~. A list of the g6 local authorities referred to above, together with I arti c:ulars as to the acreage, population, and assessable Yalue of each authority' district, is given hereunder, and arranged in order of such Group ub-Committees . The particulars as to area and population are extracted from the I 92 I cen u return of the Regi trar-Gen ral. and tho e as to asses able value from a return furnished by the Min1stry of Health. (For outline map indicating division of th Region into Group Areas, see m ap facing page 26 .)

!'a rlicula rs of consliluen t authorities in the R egion


0

STJTCT f

;\ Ll\11 TTEh-cou/ in ucd

F

P.\RTI l'L"\R:

F L C.\L .\ I.JT H RlTlES .R

l

"OiVLPJU ING : -

"A" .\RE A. rca in Acres

.\ulhority

IPopulation,

1921 Ce nsus

10,110

Rarlon-upon-lrwell R.D.

2!8,8JO

ha<lderton U .D.C.

232,990

Ecc les i\l. B. J6,97J

Failsworlh l l. D.C.

IOO,')OJ

7JO,J07

Manchest •r ·.B. l\Iiddlclon i\l.B ....

23,]09

Prestwich U.D.C.

18,750

Salford

Assessable Valur, Apri l, 1923

c.n.

127,155 1,3++.608 454.663

Slrctford LD.C. "winton and Penrllcbury l".D.C. lJrmslon

.D.C.

\\"orslt•y

.D.C. ...

99 1

...II

5.-134

... i

To:als ...

8,297

49.902

13,92')

-----------1-------1,211, 134

£9.59 1.536

GROUP •. B " .\REA.

Abram U.D.C ....

1,9

+

:\ herlon C .D.C. Billinge l:.D.C. ... Golbomc

5,168

.D.C.

23,359 27,717

l-lindley tJ.D.C. ...

2,6 12

lnce-in-)lakerficld U.D.C.

2J320

lrlam U.D.C.

-!.71 7

Leigh .LB. ...

6,359

Leigh R.D.C.

22,855

45,532

9'),)82

2IJ, 3') I

IO,JJ4

j'),68J

. ·ewron-in-)lakerfield U.D.C. ...

J,I05

r8,772

93,396

Runcom R.D.C. pan {6 Parishes)

6,965

9,881

66,215

15,650

JI,I8')

12,129

99,276

Tyldesley-with- hakerley t.:.D.C. Warrington C.B. Warrington R.D.C.

To als ...

18,955

-----------1----------284,438 I £1-+9+.705


i\J i\IITTEE- co11/inucd

IS PARTICUL.<\ltS OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES-Confi111ted. GROUP "C" AREA.

Adlington

Population, Assessable Value, 1921 Census April, 1923

Area in Acres

Authority

.D.C.

£

,062

·1. 390

17,775

::.392

3.867

20,)37

15,2 0

178,68]

1,074.359

Chorley M.B.

3,6r ,~

30,j8I

r 55.719

Chorley I .D.C. (pa rt) (+ parishesi

6,61I

2,70•1

33··171

F a rnworth U.D.C.

1,j0-J.

27,89-1

135,861

Horwich U.D.C.

3,'2 57

1.),621

78,925

Kears ley U.D.C.

1,00cl

9,6ro

39,251)

Littl e 1'1 ulton U .D.C.

1,699

7,910

33.799

8o8

4. 09

19,372

17.334

12,154

88,66.)

5.j60

15,192

Sr ,867

· 60,125

3TJ,4 T5

I

B lackrod U.D.C. Bellon C.B.

Littl e Le,·er U .D.C . Turton l!.D.C. ... Wcsthoughton U.D.C. Totals .. .

GROUP Bury C. B.

Bury RD .C. Haslingdcn M.B .

...

I

Radcliffe U .D.C. Ramsbottom U .D.C .... R awtenstall M.B.

£r,n9.40IJ

HD" Al-m A.

...

Heywood M.B ....

J

j,925

j6.-f03

372,217

12,017

9.466

75,12G

8,203

17.4 6

104,321

3.6j8

26,693

157.453

3,082

24,759

r 52,995

6,423

15,381

91.472

... I

,

9,528

2 .376

r65,65o

,

Tottington U .D.C.

...

2,5-14

6,760

29,382

I'Vll itefield U.D.C.

... ,

r,.103

6,1)02

37 .2 37

.. .j

52,783

192,226

I£"Zr85,853

Totals ...

- ---- -

I


TrT TI

OMMITTEE- co1tti1t·ucd

r6 PART !

L ,\RS OF LOC.\L ,\lTI-l HITfEf:-Contiuued. GROUP " E " AREA.

- -- -- -- - - - - - -- - - - -- - - - - Area in Acres

uthorily

Population, 1921 Census

Assessable Value, April, 1923

I.

Bacup i\I.B.

6,121

21 ,26J

108,48]

Little boro ugh U.D.C.

7.855

1 r .~S8

72,09 1

Milnrow U.D. ....

5,19.[

8,390

6],798

5-35

-r.o66

26,069

.B .

6o'[.J6

90,816

599,246

W ard le U.D.C.

3, 192

-[.~68

:q,93S

Whitworth U.D.C.

.[,483

8,782

3 ,6.J9

I-[9,273

1.946,135

ARE.-\. 2,865

LJ,9 17

128,899

288

·1· 789

31,071

4.689

9.347

-ro,85r

l':ordC'n

u.n.c. ...

I oc bd alc

Totals ... GRO p 'romplon Lees

IIFJJ

.D. ·.

.D.·.

Lim chursl R.D.

51,510

-----

Oldham C. B.

4-735

!4 -1.983

83],620

Roy ton U .D.C....

2,J47

17, 19+

l3:!,jJO

16,930

12,562

90,.[63

1,555

-f,96J

3],209

208,755

SaddlcworU1 U.D.C. pringhead U .D.C. ... Totals . .. GROUP ''G"

2J, 106

---/,1,280,5+0

ARK\.

Ashlon -uncl cr-L ync l\f.B .. ..

I, J-15

43-335

209,532

Audensbaw

1,241

,,s 76

48,109

3.108

15,651

106,250

8o,389

r 6,144

L f9,/I7

903

.D .C.

B uxton M.D. 'hapc l-cn-l c-Frilh H..D.C. Comps tall U.D.

94+

5.+86

2,+66

3,022

! 8,501

Droylsdcn U.D.C.

1,099

1],878

55,21 r

Dukinfieltl M.B.

1,-[07

19,509

8],710

Glossop l\J.B.

3,052

20,531

93.773

G lossop Dale RD.

17,891

3.780

35.8 15

Hayfi ld RD .

10,282

4,520

29, l2J

123, 183

q 9, 190

£835,227

J isley R. D.C.

.. .

Carri ed forward ...


CON . TIT TION OF C MMITTEE-continucd

J7

PARTlCUL\RS OF LO :\ L AUTH RfTlES-Cn11ii11ued. GROUP "G " AREA-Con t in ued . An•a in Acres

Authority

- - - - -- - - - - - - - -

.-

Dro ught forward

P o pula ti on , Assessable Va lu e, 192 1 cns us Ap ril, 1')23

-·----· - - - - - - - - --

£

123, 183

J4 ') ,1 ')0

Jj,227

Hollin gworth U .D.C.

2, oS6

2, .,66

17,3-J.I

H yde l\f.B.

J,07')

33.-12-1

16j,Jjj

J, l 32

2 j ,2 t 6

130, 1J')

13,6 19

2,07 1

2.1,') -j ')

,6')')

10,2JO

q6,422

2 q,o66

£r,I 8J,2-H

GROUP " H " AREA. 678

3,088

27 ,+LI

1,2') 1

.'j,O') f

22,j87

Sta lybr idgc M.B. Tint"·is ll e R.D.C. Yc ard s l c y -c um -\V!~a l e y

.D. C.

I

I

-----

To tal s . . .

!\l de rl ey Eflge U.D.C.

,J2J

Bollin g lon U.D .C.

'), r 6S

Bredbury and R omil ey U .D. C. Cheadl e and .G atley

.D.C.

I

1,063

77.331

D r nt o n U.D.C . ...

2, 59-1

80,59-1

H a ndfo rth U .D.C.

r ,3 r 1

6. t55

Haze l Gro ve and Bramha ll U.D.C.

5··H 7

10, 1::!7

l\IIacc.les fi c ld l\I. B .

J

Maccl es fi eld R.D.C.

I

l.Vfa rpl c U.D.C .... \Vilm ~ J o w

6j,073 2j ,08!

7,0 -j j 6,6oS

U. D.C.

j,O')O

Total s' ...

1IJ, 2) 1

122,8-j j

Gli.OU P ' ' j " AREA . Altrin cha m U.D.C. ...

I , .f2j

20, !50

Asht on -u pon-l\Icrsey U.D.C.

1

,62J

7·773

Bowdon U.D.C. *Bucld o w R.D.C. (pa rt) *Jlalc U .D.C.

JS,22<J 1,288

9,300

Knutsfonl U.D.C.

j,.fl j

Lymm l.J.D.C.

5,283

Sale U .D.C. To tal s .. .

*

::! ,006

16,329

.) 1,555

86,2')0

Now withdrawn from associa tion with t he Com millre.

33,89 L

10 1, 5-I


U\ll TTEE-conti11·1,ted

Parliculars of unassociatetl authorities in Jtegion

The I ,cal autlwriti

ad ministe ring within th

'o nstit ueni. authorities of the

Region, but 'not

orrm1ittec a rc a fol lovvs :-

------ _ _ _ _

Assessable Value, April, IC)2J

Population, 1921 Census

Area in Acres

Authority

_ _ ,_

_ __ _ _1

£

6,25 r

22, .175

122,J-10

r,9o6

7,85r

2J,G5J

2,411

JO,JJO

J2,j.f0

.D.C.

637

S,o7.1

J:!,oSr

Moss ley iVL B.

3,62 -1

12,703

7o,S85

i\Ioltram-in-Longclcnclale U.D.C.

1,0 -1

2,883

JT, .fiS

.D . .

5,20+

S,.f90

7,06}

I2J,J09

28,r8o

r g6,rr5

Ash ton-in-Makerfteld U.D.C. . .. spull U.D.C. ll :-~ydock

Hurst

U.D.

rew l'Jills

lockport C.B.

- - -- - - - - Totals ...

Summary of particulars of local aulhorilics in H.cgion

The above particulars of constituent authoriti c and of unassociat d authoritie , arc

Group

ummari~cd

Area in 1\ cn~s

111

Group Area ,

as follows :Assessab le Value, 1\ pril, 1923

Population, 1921 Census

- - - --- -

£ Group "A" "B"

"C" "D" uE• '

Area

.2 I I,I J+

9,591,536

72,677

zS.I.-138

1,1 9·1• 705

60,125

JIJ, •!I5

1,7/9,-109

52,783

192,226

1,1Sj,853

}8,6+9

LI'J,27.)

9-16,1 35

59.037

I

rtFJ'

JJ,209

208,755

I,280,j .IO

uG"

]45,.122

2q,r>6G

1 ,18],2·1'1

"I-1"

II

I ,251

122,845

G/4.331

51.555

86,2')0

58J,'J3I

2S,r8o

19G,n 5

9/0,.151

65],888

2,97 .557

"J" nassocia led authorities Tolals for H.cgion ...

I

£!<),6<)0,135


19


H.D

Reproduced from the Ordnc:noe liuruey Map, with the Sa11ction ' of the Controller of H.M. Stationery Office.


20 I-ITST RY Origination of the Comm ittee. First conference of loca l a u thorities

D F N T TO

OF THE COMMI TTEE .

n the r8th May, 1920 a c nfer nee was held in the Town H ail, Mancheste r, at wh:ch the g n ral qu e. tion of town planning was diccu. sed. I cpresentati \'es of many local authorities within a 15 miles radius of the Cit) of Manchester togeth -r with repre entati;-es of certain profes ional o ial, and oth r bodies, attended this conference, and the following re olution wa adopted :'路 That a tm\'n plan ning i now compul ory on all local authorit! s with a population of over 20,000 persons, this conference strongly urges all local authorities within a r 5 miles radiu s of Manche. te r to join in the setting up of a J oint Committee to ass ist in the promotion, co-ordin at ion, and linking up of t own planning scheme for the industrial area of outh-Ea t Lu:ca hire and Torth Cheshire."

Scconrl conference

The To\\11 Clerk of Manchester wa reque ted by the co nference to in vitc each local authority within the area named to appoint t\ro represe ntati\'e to attend a meeting to be called to eli cuss t he setting up of a J oint Ccmmittee as suggested, and on the r6th eptember, r yzo,. uch meeting \ms held, with Mr. G. L. Pepler, Chief Town Pb.nning Inspector of the 1\fini t ry of Health. in t he chair. Am ong the resolutions adopted at the meeting was the following :" Th at this conference, representative of 76 local aut horities within a 15 mJe radius of Manchester, after clue consideration of the ad vantages i.o be gained by act ing in co-operation under the Town Planning Acts, are cf opinion that a Standing J oint Town Pl anning Committee for t he industrial area of South-East Lancashire and Ior t h Cheshire, including portions of outh\ TI,T st Yorkshire ar:d 1 orth Derbyshire, should be immediately constituted, the object and dnty of such J oint Committee beicg to guide ar:d assist by ad vice in the promotion, co-ordin:ttion, and linking np of town planning schemes for such area, and if con idered necessary by such J oint Committee when constit uted, to prepare on broad outline a regional plan for the whole area."

Firsl meeti ng of lhc Committee

F 11owing a consideration of the above resolution by the lccal authorities 路 cor;.cerned, r pre. ntai:i,-es were appointed by a majority of such local author:t ies to se rve on a J oint Committee, and the first meeting of such ommittee was held in t he Town H all , Manchester , on t he 14th J anu ary, 1921.


HI TORY, ETc.,

F COJ\1 ITTTEE - rollli1111rd

At that meeting prelimina ry mat ters ''" re di ,cus£ed and the constitution and fur:.ctions of the Committee were agreed t o. Alderman Thcmas Turnbull , C.B.E. , D.L. J.P. (of l\br.chesi.er C.B .), and Councillor H arold Shavrcross, J.P . (oi Rochd ale C.B.), wer appointed Chairman and Depnty-Chairman re..r;ectively of the Committee. A number of sub-committees were aften\·ards formed t o deal with specific matters, and from time to time £everal g n raJ r commendati ons were made ar.. d reports iss ued on vari ous pha s d th Committee's work.

Early work

of l hc Com mi lll'C

A comprehensive census of road ·(raffi c movc1T'.ent in -dw Region Trarr, 1 922 was taken on the 22nd June, 1922, and the information obtained thereby has proved of very great u£.e. The census proYes that general traffic movement is into and out of Manchest er and Salford-a large cartoon whir.h was prepared indicating such movement being very fitly described as like "a great octopus,' by reason of the arms of traffic branching oui. in all directions from the cent ral a rea, . i.e., Manchest er and Salford.

ORDl:\A!lY TR AFF IC, PtCCADll.LY, :iVIA:"'CllESTER.


HI.'T RY. ET ..

F

Oi\1MITTEE - collti11ued

22

Committee's Town Planning Exhibition and Confcrcn l', 1922

In ctob r, 1922 th ommittc organised and h ld an imp01iant Town llmming Exhibition and Conference for the pmpo e of bringing b for th public som of th atm and obj e ts of town and regional planning, to arou., and timnlate interest in the work of th ommitt ·e, and in the movement g n rall y . The Ri ght Honourable Th · E arl of Derby, KG., P. .. G . ..B., G.. Y. . , pr id c1 at the op ning of the exhibition and onfer n e, whi h wa originally intended to la t O\' r a p riod of even clay , but wa prolonged for a fmih r period of thre days owing to th great su\Ce s of t he project and at th sugg tion of the Miri.i try of H alt h.*

Jn cn·ast>d ac ti vity of Committ<'e

F unctions o the ommittce

During th conferenc Ald rm.an Tumbull read a paper ntitled ' Th · \'Vork of the J int Committe , ' b ing a survey of what ur to that tim had been ac ompli heel by the Committ e tog th r with an imp rtant tatem nt con eming its future a tivity. Thi t at ement was considered at subs quent meeting of the Committee, and certain recomm ndation contain d in a r port pr 1 ared by a special ubc mmittee ,,·ere adopted by the Committ e on th r t F ebruar , 1923. Th e recommendations, which vv re al o approYed by the as ociat d authorities, provided for the area of the Committee being ext nded to cover the drainage a rea of the Rivers Mersey and Irwell , as controlled by the RiY rs Mersey and Irwell \Vater heel J oint onunitt e, and the preparatjon of a regional clev lopment plan · t he funct ions of the Committee, which remain unaltered to this date, at the arne time being agreed as follow :(a) To ad vi e in the promotion, co-ordination, and linking-up

of t w:n planning ch roes within the Area. (b) To proc eel wi.th the preparation of a regional plan for the r a indicating by \\'ay of r commendation- tog ther with any other patiiculars' hich the Committee m a) con ider necessary - the following :(r)

*

hi f lines of commtmication by road, rail, m1d wat er, including sngge ted widening and improvement of existing roads a11c1 th lines of sugge t ed new roads .

few remaining copies oi a book containing th whole oi th conference p roceedings may be obtained from the Honora ry Secretary, Town H a ll, Mancheste r, price 'jS . 6cl. per copy, post free.


I-II.'T RY , ET ., OF

MMI 1 E l•,- contill'ltcd

23 (z) The allocation of p<uiicular portion. of the r a fo r particular user, ha \'ing regard to th deYclopn:ent of the whole. ( ) The location of regional 1 arks, open spaces, or ot h r rese rvat ions necessary or desirable m onnection with the development of th Area. (-J.) The general lines of d velopm nt of the Ar a v1 wu1g the Area as a tmit, including the pr paration d any necessary special reports on th - g ographical, g Jogi al, or other conditions obtaining in the r a . (c) To consider and make sugge tion or r commendat ions n any matter relat ing to the eff ctiYe town or r gional pla.nning or de,·elopment of the Area or upon any other co-essential matt r which may he ref rrecl to it.

(d) To make suggestions and r commen htions t any Government department or local a uthority on any matt r oming \\·ithin t he scop of th ommi ttee's acti,·ity. The finance necessary lo llte preparation of a regional plan ,,·as provided by the various local authorities contributing to t h exp n£ of the Conunitte , for a term not exceeding thre years, a sum p r annum equi,-alent to but not more than one-tenth of a penny rate in the£ on tlte asse .. able value of each local authority s area. Under the direction of the H onorary ecretary, a temporary staff wa also appointed for a period not exc eding three years, for t h purpose of preparing the regional scheme .

StarT

In connection with the recommendations of the sp cial subcommittec upon th preparation of a regional development plan th sp cial sub-committee indicated agr ernent on the following :-

E sse ntials in prrparation of Ec·gional p lan

r. The importance of providing for the futur

~

velopm nt

of the Area on proper lines . The desirability, eYen n cessity, of viewing the a unit of d velopment for2.

(a) industri al and commercial purposes; (b) agricult ural or food-producing purposes ;

rea a


HI T h. Y ET .,

F

Ivi HTTEE-co11tiwued

24 E sse n t ials in preparation of H.egional plan COII/i1111ed

(c) re i lcnti al purposes ; and (ct ) tPccs a ry recreative :faciliti s :for the large population

r sident and ngagccl in indust ry • nd comm erce in the Area. It is con icl red the whol of the pu rpo s (a) to (d) arc co-related, and vitally nece sary to the futur prosperity of th Area . 3· Consequ nt upon providing for development as outlined in 2 above, the neces ity for reg~onall y planning and improving means of commun' cation by road rail, and wat r , including th proYision of air t ations ; the etting apart of portion of the rea either exclu ively or mainly for resident ial, industrial, and comm rcial purposes respectiYely, and providing neces ary faciliti s whereby the rap: d tran it o:f persons between the re idential and t he indu trial and commercial area could be carried out ; t he pre ervation of portion of the _ rea permanently for agr:cultural, st cck rai ·i11g, and toed-producing purposes ; and the provision of large open spaces, commons, or reservations exclu iYely for the use and enj oyment of the population with the Area. 4· The fJTm belief that action by the J oint Committee on the lines indicated would result in savings in innumerable ways to all local authorities in the Area, ar..d would prcdcce a far bette r plan for future development than could eYer be prcduced by each separate lccal authorit y in the Area preparing its ov.11 scheme of d v lopmer,t, in many cases, without an y regard whatever to the needs of the Region. 5· The st abilisation of land and building values throughout the Region by reason of the setting dO\m of definite line of fnture d v lopment, including protection to property, and pmiicularly in pr venting those portions of the Area which may be set apa1i for the housing of large number of the working classe from being de troy d or s ri ously d preciatPd by the rect ion of industri al premises therein.


25 1ETHOD OF PROCED RE Ir THE PREPARATIO THE REGIO AL PLA .

I

OF

Consequent upon the decision to p repare a regional develop ment plan , and in order t o fac ilitat e the prepa rati on of st.ch plan the Region was di vided into nir~e sub-areas (see map facing page 26 ), r present at ives from the respective local authori lies wit hin each sub-a rea or group const:tni."ng separa·t:e Group Su b-Comm;tt:ees.

Appoinlmcnt o f Gro up or .\ rea S ub- ommilll'C5 :t nd purpose

This procedure of dividing the Region into a s ries of Group Sub-Comm ittees has localised att:ent ion, and has been fully justifi ' d. It has enabled many local authorities to place their own proposals before other local authorities compri sed in the particular group , and intimat ely affected t hereby. By reason of t he divi sion of the Region into group areas it has also been possible to make greate r progress with the preparation of the regional plan than if the whole of the p roposals had been dealt with by the full Committee in detail, or delegated t o small sub-committees not complet ely rep resent at ive of the various local authorities. The Group ub-Committees in each case appointed Surveyors' SubCommittees, consisti ng of t he Surveyor and / or Engineer to each local authority represented in the respecti ve group ar a, and these Surveyors' Sub-Committees ha\·e been of the greatest value in formul ating proposals for submission t o the Group Sub-Committees. ·w ithout the ready co-operation of the Surveyors the progress here recorded could not have been made, and the experience and local knowledge of the various Surveyors of t he respective districts has been most helpful. The method of procedure outlined above has enabled t he roup Sub-Committees to a vail themselves of the assistance of the local aut hori t ies' officials in the first instance, and subsequently to have the support of t he local authorities' rep resentati\·es in the later stage m arriving at t entative agreemen t on regional proposals.

Appo inlm cn l of S u rv •yo rs' Sub- ommiltces ::tncl purp o~c

The proposals of the Group Sub-Committees have in turn b en co-ordin at ed to form a complete tentative scheme fo r the Region , as set out in this repori.

Co -ordinal ion

In cases where local a uthorities had already promoted town planning schemes, or had available proposals with r ga rcl thereto, the same h a.Ye, where consi dered practicable in relation to t he regional p roposals, been incorporated in the regional sc heme.

of Group

proposals


M I ~T II O I > CW !JI ~O C I ~ I ll 1 { 1 ~. l ~ t < '.

l ht•

conlin11t:d

}lth'\'

fht•

;l nrs t t p in the ·onsi l !r lhc nccc sity for n \ rn 1 l ,lnd dtt' Hi) 1, wnt~•nl 1( n isti ntt roa ls tlP f • f atures l 'ttl¥ h mt l \n'\p) \mt iu th.tt tllL' lim•s oi :fut ur · road anl the h11p1 ' •tl lint uf t' Llll\" rt~:lll..; shott ld b' lcci led at th arliest 'PPIItuni\. In i\\tlll. tntl \\ltt•t\' p1ssihk prc,·ent int rfrcnce by

loo•llvl <ll ill>lh \ >I

''t'l\l'l.\1

tlf

'nlHIIli'lt ' L', :t5

pt 'I ,\1\llitm of th' r ·~·I m.d tl.tn '' ~~~ l

'" 1111111 \ ll'l'

huildiw•

til'

nth •r

ltY •h\(llWnt-.

\ ftt•r th' r 1nd pr 1pnsals ln tl be 'n tl'ntatiw~ly agr eel by the ' -tri m~ ~ r nq :11 b- \ mmi ti l'C'S the \\'Ork of zoning th r gion for \ 1trlt \IS fll tIll\' u: ': \\'as pr '" 1•d with, as a result of which crtain oll\1 •ntlmtnts in th' road prt l sals \\' rc made. <l'lh'l.llt•'lll\· 1111'11

hllh>n ,,

•1\llltn,• Jllll\'<1~.11"

II \I

,,

ll\11111111 !t'l'

Till' p sition is n \\'that th ommitt e recommends , an l herewith pt\ St'n :-; in plan Corm , certain rr n rally agr eel outlin p ropo als for \IH 1 "·ion \\'i(h rc.,.arl to CS' nti ctl f atme only, namely, regional and ma in li ·trict road , zoning in broad outlin for r idential , rnmm •rcial, r in lust ri nl purposes, and re.gional open pa es . utlin prop sals wh:clt h a \'e not be n ubmitted officiall~ t l ' aff ct d, do not go b ) and n pritnaty s(a r • ·ts it is fPit that t \\'Ork out a detail d _cheme includina t hl r •lal' l and sp ·ial que tion of e __ ntial public n·icc , . uch a rt•gional \\\tt r ·upplic , lighlin"'. p wer wage, t ramway , etc ., ,,. ulll ~nn tilut' a task im·oh·ing a on id rabl amotmt of im· ':.'.1 iF;t i m . nntl would unduly 1 rol n g the elate when the m ain ft•;durL'S Lf tilL' n•ai nal _chc m auld be ubmitted to the \'aJiou authori i 'S, .tnd lhis r port L ued , with a view to requisite action l •in~,. t,tk •n at on ' to pr ,;n. f r th ont roll d c1 Yelorm.cnt of the P t.\,;i n. htr( hn. l leal with t he Pcial matt r m nti n 1 would ent,\il tht' ~L' ting up of s-cp. rntc nb-conunitt s n i ting of p ron h kn wle h .' an 1 1 ra f ·nl l'XP rien e in t he operation and 1 ptirL'tn '1\ts of \ho"' , ·ari u ,. n·i '-· It L felt that any con ideration 1' "lt'dalh•d s •niCl'S sh )U1d r0main in ab yan until the prop als 1 fL'tT'tl to ht' rl'in.dt•r a:; to tiP in· up f cl ntralis cl ar a st-,\lttlt ty '1mmi1ltL'::\ h,t\'' matur l an 1 th n ' W ommitt haY L ' ::::1111 lt 01 'l"lt ' · :\l or ' rap: d prorrr' s f n. pra ti al hara ter i~ likl'ly l l' m,, ll ly a c nsitkrnti n f th c ::.p•·ialis 1 tTic in l't't.'n t'.t li:=.ld ann .. >\ny mlju:tnwn or co-orli nai.i n as b " ·ecn trn: ll'in~ afft.'d~ l thron~'h a re ·on ·titutt> l J int .\ lYi ry numi tl'l'. These

l1 lltL' l'l'S !X 'ti\'c l cal auth rities d ir

\111.

,,

l

1\•1 \1 i\•11

~J'l'

·i,ll

\lhl\11'1 .

ll'l••n • I

''it


.R. . O .

/

REFERENCE .

.llreas 0/.Group SutJCommittees eack SubCommittee tdteredii.B.CJ1E£G.HJ slzewa tlzus ,_

I•-- - - •

loca!Jiul!torities whofl.averzotavsccialed ~

with lheJoint Comrrttttcc ~n tlzus :- ~

CountljBoundaries. local lluthoril!J Boiuularie:J. PariJiz Boundaries .


METHOD OF PRO ED HE. ET .-conlillllcd

27 GE JERAL RECOMMENDATION Or

METHOD OF

PROCEDURE TO E SURE E FOR EMENT

F

REGIONAL PLA r . As a result of the expe rience gained in the working of the Committee it is believed it would be un at isfactory to the majority of local authoriti es, and almost impractica.ble, to pronate one statutory town planning ~cheme indicating all detailed development cov ring the v\'hole E egion of the Committee, which, as pre\riously mentioned, contains approximately over r,ozo squ are miles of t erritory, a population (rgzr census) of nearly 3,ooo,ooo persons, and an asse. sable value of about ÂŁzo,ooo,ooo. It has been found that a si milarity of int rest in all matters arising in the R.egion docs not xist. This is no doubt due in a large; measu re to the varying requirements of localised commercial and industrial mldcrtakings, and to th constitution and functions of t he respective authorit ies operating in the Region, there being no less than 4 Cotmty Councils, 8 ouri.ty Borough Councils, r6 Borough Councils, 66 Urban District ouncils, r4 Rural District Councils, and numerous Joint Bodies controlling and operating various public servic s. The preparation of one " detailed " scheme for the whole Region from the Manchest er centre would necessitate the employment of a very large stafi and would occupy a con iderablc period of time; the machinery for controlling building development pending the preparation of a detailed scheme would be cumbersome and the work of the Committee too slow in action to operat ffcct ively. The representation of an individual local authority on one centralised statutory ccmmittee would, relati\'cly, be of small account, and consequently in matters of vital importance to the particular authority would prove unsatisfactory in practice, and in any event it \Vonld b necessary to work any central ised " detailed " scheme thr:ough a number of decentralised area committees of local authorities. Further, detailed planning which has not J,ecn a11empted by the Committee, particularly zoning and necessary street widcnings and improvements adjacent to areas already clevelopc,J, could be efficiently indicate d by the respective local authorities concerned and thei1 officials, instead of a central committee and its officials operating from Manchester over the Region.

fo'ulur~

proced ure. I romolion of one sl~ tulory town pl :1nning sc heme for R egion would nol be sat is factory

h caso ns why [ romo lion of one s lalu Lory sc heme would nol be salisJaclory


lETH D

I' Ph.

ED RE, ETc. - co11ti111ted

1\IL rnalively, simul taneo us promotion of . cpa rate stat uto ry schem e unlil;c ly

n th ot h r hand it is m t unlik 1 ' that ea h and e,路 ry local authority in the R ' i< n will pa rat 1 and imultaneously J r -pare d tailc l 1.. \\'ll 1lann inoh m for their respective districts mb dyin 5 hl' reo-i nal prOJ aJ m L: h ~ homes and accPpting ntir r'!'l n~ibility. 11nan ial and t h -rwi.e, on .equ nt upon the nforcc-m~'nt . n r a iT) ing out of u h proposal .

ccessity of sec urin g concerted a lion throu ghout R egion

)\ wrth l - the ommittee i ati fi d that ome method or pr c is n e ary to cure concerted and simultaneou act ion w r the Region, avoiding gaps or br ak in the regional proposals which would nullify to a s rious degree the action of other lccal authorit:es proceeding to provide for and enforce regional proposals. . orne action forming a middle cour e between th xtreme or remote pos ibilitic indicat d offer d a olution of the problem confronting the Committee .

R egiona l

After much deliberation, and in the ab ence of any altematiYc suggestion whi h appeared workable, the Committee consid rs that the best practical course open to the constituent lccal authorities i to pro vide for the carrying out of the regional development proposals by the tting up of decentralis d ar a t atutory to\\路n planning committ es for certain defined areas ba_ed on lccal centres, where common interest is fairly close, and where finan.ces over the decentralised area are lik ly to l::e sufficient t o warr2..nt the local anthorit: cor:cemed collectively ensuring the enforcement and or carrying out d 2..ny major proposal under a decentralised area t own planning sch me, aml for t his purpose the regrouping of the Region int a s ri s of d centralised area statutory to-...n1 planning c mmittecs an 1 the immedi ate establishment of such committees is recommended.

proposals to be provided for by the c:s lablishmcnt of deccntraliscd area s tatutory town pla nnin g Committees throughout lhe Region

.I low d ccn tralised

area ommillecs wou ld operate

map howing suggest ed d cent rali ed areas and two chmis incli ating h ow the statutory committees wonld be set up C).r.cl operate in conjunction with the respective lccal authoriLes an d the reconstituted J oint Ad vi ory Committee, t ogether with a draft suggested form of agreement b tween the respectiYe lccal authorities in each decentralisecl area, f0rrn nn appendix to this report. A

The deceni.ralisecl areas indicated are n:erely suggested, and it is open f r any combination cf local autl orities to act j(lintly as may b consid r l best by the autho rities concerned.


l\IETHOD

F PR

ED . RE E-r .-collti1111cd

The r grouping of the Region on a decent rali d basis, ecuri ng joint action by combination of local authorities, is put forwa rd by the Committee as a workable and economical solution t o the probl m of how to secure the proposals aff cting the future deYclopm nt of the Region becoming statutory and obligatory in all future developm nt, and as affording a reasonable oppotiunity of directing and controlling building development during the preparation of the statutory schemes. This preparatory period would be comparatively sholi as compared 路with the period requir d for the preparation of one ' det ailed " cheme for the whole Region, or, alt rnati' ely, the preparation of IO-J. separate schemes by the resp ctive lccal authoriti es op rating in the Region.

Hcaso ns in s u pporl of cstab li shm cn l of cl ccr ntralisccl area Commit tees

Furth r, the represent ation of an individual local authority on a decentralised area statutory ommittee would, relatively, be more effective and of greater advantage to every authority in th deli be rations and decisions of an area Committee. In addition, the existence of the Ad visor y Committe 111 a reconstituted fo rm will secure dual repres ntation through tl1 ' statutory area CommitteP., and also provid a means fo r lo al authorit ies adjusting any differences whi ch might ari se in the preparation of the statutory chemes. As the function of the Committee are only ad viso ry it is urge ntl y necessary for concetied act ion t o be taken to promote st atutory t own planning schemes to control development in accord ance with the proposals recommended. The Committee is satisfied that schem s cannot in all cases be promoted and ;'or enforced by individual authorities, and the collective system of planning over decentr:tlised areas is most strongly recommended as likely to be productive of efficient regional planning and control over all future developm nt.

The Committee considers it essenti al that the attention of all local authorities should be direct ed to the urgent necessit y of providing, where possible, as indicated in the outline sche me submitted herewith, for the future development of the Region on co-ordinated lines, and certainly for tLe protection of the sites of future regional roads and

Urgency for conce r t<:d action being take n with o ut clc.; lay


l\IETH D

~

PRO

•DLRE

ETC.-COI/lllllfCd

0

f r omplian.ct: with th' m1in zoninO' proposals, and it i. with t l es objects in Yi ,. hat hi:- r port n w i ned, when the various

l:llap of

Rc!rion al proposals

on a s~:..ll' f -~ in .hes to one mile, in licating th primary 1 ropos.~•l: o( tht' onunitb'c . accompanic this r ' port, and is contained in a ~er·a.rate con•r. lt i intcnckcl t hese proposals shall form the b:sL· f di:: ·u::sions on propo als to be embodied in detailed ::: atutory.· : ·lw mes which it is reco mmended should be prepar d by de~ntmlh:·d ar a ommittces . .\

l<lJ .


31

TilE TO\\":\ l!AJ.L, BOLTON .


33 Part !I.- GENE RA L SURVEY OF THE REGION .

•E Physical natur of Region

.R -\.I H l .:-\.L AND TOPOGRAPHICAL

The ph~·sical n·1tm f th R ·ion i ' ery varied, and almos t ,. ry type of untr~· i t b foun d : high hills, leep valleys, undulatin'" land , fht plains, wild m oo rl and_, meadows, and woodland-. .-\Ion a th a -tern bou ndary of the Region runs the " Backbone of Enaland th P nnine Range, ri sin g in places to a height of over _,ooo fef't aboYe Ordnance Datum. Along the n orthern boundary of the Region i a spur of t he Pennine R ange which reaches a height of I ,5 00 f t, and slopes down t o 300 feet at t it extreme norih-vvest corner . The area of land in t he Region above a height of 750 feet Ordnance Datum is approximat ely 370 square miles . The west and south boundaries of the Region are somewhat irregul a r, pos-ess no definite physical feat ures l:Ch as exist on the nort h and cast , and are continuat ions of the flat lands of th e central and so uthern p ort ions of the R egion . The e lower lands form the Cheshire and Lancashire plains, the latter being in the n ature of a broken but gradual fall from the foot o£ t he hills on t he north and east t o the Ri' er Mersey and t he Manchest er hip Canal, wh;ch. act as the ch:ef drainage channels of t he R gion to the sea. The land in t he vicini ty of the~e chmm el is in some places a low as 25 feet above Ordnance Dat um .

Situation o[ ind ustria l develop ment

It is on the undulating and flat lands of Lancas hire that t he great er p art of the indust rial development has t aken place, with the large centres situat ed along t he line. of the early roads, and forming a syst em of " at ellite " t owns around t he h ub or domin ating cent re of Manchest er. Industri al development has also taken place along the valleys, where abundm1t wat er facilities are available.

Levels of certain towns in the R egion

numb r of towns t o the north and east of Manchest er cccupy t erraced positi ons gradually rising from lVIanche t er, t he centre of v\'hich is situat ed 120 feet aboye Ordnance Dat um. The cent re of Bury is 310 feet , Bolton 320 feet, Middlet on 350 feet , R ochdale 400 feet , . t alybridge 400 feet, Rawtenstall 56o feet , Oldham 700 feet, and Bacup 820 feet.


GEO RAI HI

L A D T I

GR PHI

L-coutt'nued

33 The water r sources of the Regjon are considerabl , the principal rivers being the Mersey and its m::tin tri butary, the Irw ll, wit hin t he wat rsheds of ·whi ch the gr at er portion of the Region is sit uate . There ar also numerous s treams and brooks, t he water from many of which is utilised by the mills and ot her ·works situat ed nea r by . (For river drainage areas, see outline map , facing pag 76.)

W a te r reso urces and drainage

A considerable portion of the moorlands within the Region, approximat ely r4o square miles in ext ent, se rve as wat er catchm nt areas for the water supply of many of t he towns within the Region. orne of the large to1117ns in the Midlands are supplied by wat er from the neighbourhood of the Derwent \alley, a large portion of whi ch is sitnat e within the Region. • There also exists within the Region large areas of moss land some I4 square miles in extent-the largest being that situ ai. between Manchest er and ·w arrington, and near to the Cheshire and Lancashire county botmdaries- and these areas, together with the low-lyi ng lands li able to periodical flooding , form a n atural barrier t o buildi1~g activity . This latter feature h a undoubtedly played a great pad in the history and development of the Region , the land t o t he n01ih, in Lancashire , becoming highly industri alised, whilst t he ri h agricultural land to the south, in Cheshire, has generally remained in use as such. There is great diversity of scenery in the Region , the moo rlands to the north and east being exceedingly wild and almost featurel s , whilst to the south-east the character of the scenery changes considerably. The Derbyshire hills, intersect ed by the richly-wooded Goyt and Derwent Valleys, possess a singular beauty and grandeur equal t o any in the country. From the foot of this porti on of the P ennine R ange, which descends a bruptly, the land extends to the wes t, across the pleasant pastures and parkland of Chcshi rr. To the west, or more especially the extreme north-west , the land 1s tmclulating, and gives the scenery a more interesting charact er.

i\Ioss la nd anrl la nd liab le lo floodi ng

Landscape of the Region

RAI FALL. A f "" n~marks upon the rainfall of the River Mersey Basin is interesting, for there is little doubt that there is a clo e connection between the abtmdant supply of pure oft water from the grits and coal m asnre sandstones, and the bleaching, dyeing, and fi nishing

Rainfa ll and Industry


34

Variations in Rain fall

Causes

proc'sses of the t extil indnstry. Th rainfall of the R gion reache it maxim um to the north and ea t of Manchest er, and in cartographic form shows wide div rgency in th amoLmt of rain , from z6 inches p r annum in th Dee Vall y and the lVIiddle \iVeaver, to 55 inches per annum n ar Belmont in the Ro endale Hill . uch divergency depends upon a , ·ariety of cause (a) The direction of the pre,·ailing wind. (b) The position of the R egion relative to the h igh land mass (c) The smface features within the Region itself.

(d) The po ition of the Region relative to the cyclonic 1.rack. The Cambri an y tem places the Region within it rain shadow, for while in the v\' t ern Cambrian the rainfall is 0 inches and OYer, O!;J. the ast rn side and in the D e \ alley it is l s than one-third of that amount . Ea twards from here the rainfall tend to increa e, although the Pecldorton escarpment seem to create a m inor rain hadow ar a str tching along th Middle WeaYer from Nantwich to the neighbourhood of Nmihwich. hcs hirc and Lancashire Low -lands

The line of the Mer.ey is on the whole wetter than the Che hire I lain , and at Altrincham , where the red rock e carpment takes a direction nmih-we t - outh-east, at right angle to the prevailing wind, the rainfall increases to 33 inches, and to the nolih-east witlrin the shadow of this ridge eYeral gauge give le s re ult , and there thus eems to be an llipt ical area to the south of Manchester stretching from rm ton to mion, and constituting a modified rain shadow area behind the Altrincham uplift. East-north-east from Manchest er the rainfall how a progressive incr a~e until a maximum of 52·5 inches is reached at hew Moor, n ar re -nfield, Yorkshire.

Lanca ' hirc 1:-]jgh -lands

Th nolih rn ection of the ba in i by far the wettest. Coast tations at outhport give 3I ·5 inches, but at Worthington, near \i\ligan, the influence of the Rossendale Hill is becoming effective, and a fall of 36 ·5 inches is regist ered. The Liverpool \i\ ater Works ga ug at Winter H ill gives 4I ·o inches, and th Belmont gauge 55· inch . Less le,·ations eastward cause slightly elimini heel results, and the Upp r Roch Valley retums ar very much reduced. Blackstone Edg gauge, situate at an altitude of r,zz5 feet, regi t er only 34·7 inches.


RAl F .\LL-conti1111cd

35 ollating all the returns, t here is eYid ' nce o( some c nn tio n betw en increa eel rainfall and hi gher alt it ude, but its num ri cal expr sion is not always the same, as facto rs oth r t itan ele\'a1ion nter into the question. From t h st atistics plotted on t he m ap, facing page 36, there has b en deYcloped the isoheyt s t here shown wllich attempt to visuali e a progressive increase of rainfall from the Dee Valley to the Rossendale Anticline. If the whole of the Mer ey Basin is di vided into its cont ributo ry

drainage areas, and the average rainfall from all stati ns wit hin ev ry area is taken , the results are :Irw ll Basin __

+6 -z inches pe r annum.

Upper l\1ersey Basin

36 -s

Lower Mersey Basin

30 -5

\iVeaver Basin

z8 -8

, ,

, ,,

Increased Rain fall a.nd h ig hr r a llil uclc

Conl rib u to ry dra in age areas


.... ...... .. ..

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h. i\D -contin ued

3

Th exi ting main road sy. tern of th R gion takes the fom1 of a number of routes radiating from th main c ntre f Manchest r and alford : In most clir cti n the e radial roads are adequate so far a their numb r i. c nc rn d, although not in th matter of width. ;cnerally th R gion v ry bacliy proYided for in the matt r of circum{ r ntial roads. Ther are few, if any, r ally go cl and dirrct north and south roads oth r than thos passing through the central portion of the R gion and lirect onnections betv,·e n the sub idiary but important towns imm liatcly beyond the central ar a ar few and inadequate; cons qu ntly only circuitous rout for traffic ar a\·ailable, excessive trafftc is thrown on to the roads radi ating from the centre, and much congestion t a k s place in or n ar the central area. i\Iany district roads exi. t which, although they carry a large vo lume of traffic, are frequen tly found to be winding, narrow, and inco n\' ni nt; there are aLo a fe" instances of private toll roads. Map of existing road yslcm

Th road map (facing 1 ag 62) emphasise , in colour, only existing nd lass road a classified by the lVli11i try of Transport, I ut it , houlcl not be thought that the e road are the only road arrying a con iderabl \' lume f h a\'Y traffic · other road , which ar unch ifl d, are of great importanc to the commerce and indu try f the~ R gion. ome of th road- form connecting link in the n w r ad sy, tcm r commended by the ommittee and are shown on the m tp.

Kcccl for bye-pass and other r acls

Th 11'2 c1 for th construction of bye-pass roads arotmd ome t wns, r th' imm diat widening of xisting arterial roads , is 'ery apparent. P rhaps th most striking example in the Region i on the Liv rpool-East Lan ashire road at \iVarrington; ankey treet, in th' c ntr of that to·wn being only rsft. -t-in. wide. Although it i anti ipat d that ank y tr et will be widened in the n ar fuhire, it i h, rclly practi abl to recon truct the street of sufficient width to IT [i\' ·l y a ommodai. the great v0lume of t raffic using the road. ] n addition to oth r onsid rations, the traffic n this road will mcrea~ a. the land along th banks of the l\Ianchester hip Canil l is l '\·c l peel. and it i not c1 sirable that the centre of a town shonld b cong 'St d by h a "Y through traffic, not only hindering bu in e. s in th town but also cau ing lo:s of time to through tran port.

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liirl !t路.r: 1 T RA F f i C CONGES TI ON ,

AN K EY

n路arrinKit~ u.

TREET, \\' ARR ING T ON .

In considering the road probl m for a region such as thi , it is but natural to find certain conditions which are more or less pec uli a r t o the locality , and the following are a few of uch conditi ons :(r) The exist ence, in a comparatively small radius, of a la rge number of important industrial t owns containing large populations, resulting m building deYelopm nt bing practically continuous over consid rable area . (z) The particular nature of the principal industry carried on in the Region frequ ently necessitat s the transport s veral t ii11 s over the same route, of gocds in the pr ce s of manufact ure from t he raw materi al to the finished a rti cle. (3) The number of mi lls l cated in valleys by r a. on of wat r upply facilities, and in positi ons somewh at isolat d and remote from towns, thereby necessitating many subsidi a ry roads.

R oar! p rob l 路ms pcc11lia r lo lh e R egion


h. AD . -colltillu ed

(..J-) Th po itions of the dock for ocean-going Ye sels which s n 路c th Rcgi n : firstly, those of the i\Ianche t cr hip anal ompany at j!Janche ter, alford , and Str tford, and situat ed on the so uthern boundary of the principal indu trial section of the R gion , and t o which direct acce s by roa l is not good ; and econdly, those at Liverpool, which arc outside and t o the west of the R gion, but which ar used by industri al undertakings situate in the Region.

(5) The larg number of hor e-drawn vehicles till in u e, and likely to be used, owing t o the comparatively short distances ertain article in prcces of manufacture, in the Region , ar carried . (6) The exceptionally heavy loads tran ported within the Region by all kinds of vehicle. . (7) The physical natur of t he country . (vVhil t the central and outh rn pad s of th R. gion are comparatively flat, and at some points a low as 25 f et above Ordnance Datum, in the northern and e:cst ern pa rts altitude of over z,ooo feet are reached .) Other conditi ons al o exist whi ch have a bearing npon the problem oi road communi cati on. The Region is essent ially an industrial and comm rcial one, and t he best S} stem of road communication is necessary t o n ure the most economic transr ort of good with concnrrent advantages . The imp01iance of providing new alieri al road route ha received very seri ous consideration by some constituent local authorities, and in consequence some excellent new roads have been constructed, whilst ot h rs arc in eourse of constru ction , or are about to be commenced . The constru ction of some of these roads already afford good xamples of a o-ordinat policy between two or more local authorities . ack of co-o rd in ate road policy in t he

past

Apa rt from these examples, it is unfortunat e that in the past t here has bee n little or no co-ordination of the proposals of respective local authoriti s regarding road width in relation t o alierial routes . In n dis trict a main or arterial route may be fairly wi.de, in another xt r m ly n nrrow ; building and street lines are not consistent t hroughout a route ; bad inter ecti ons of treets are oftentimes p rmitted, and cone al d corners are often created by bad alignment


h.OAD. - co11timted

and the improper siti.J..1g- of building o,·crgrowing of hedg , and the erection of walls and fences. Tram and omnibus rviccs oftent imes are operated on roads quite unsuitabl e for such services, and th inst allation and maintenance of vari ous public service cans s s ' rio us int d erence with the ef-fective width of a road ver con. id rable periods of time. Pr sent and future traffic requirements demand com prch nsi \ "C tr atment if reasonable facility of movement is to be a ,·ailable In th e interest of indnstry, commerce, and publi c conv ni nee.

om prehcnsi ,.c t realmcnl of

roads rt•quircd

T own planning makes it possible to all ocate a re:cs for particular forms of user, such as industry business, hopping, re. id ntia.l, etc . E ach of these uses has varyi ng requirements with respect to transport, and great opportuniti es t o secnr added conv nience and economy arc now made possible by the co-ordination on one plan of the uses of land and necessary communi cations, each being co-related so as to serve the other efficiently and eco nomi cally. Much could be achieved by local a11thorit ie by carefnl co-ordination of publi c activity. The siting of a public market, school, recreation ground, bath or wash-house, cleansing or highway d p t, gas or electricity st ation, all contribute to and haw a dir ct bearing upon the trafftc problem. In the preparation of the regional plan existing road communications have been examined with some detail throughout the Region . The general result of such examination shows that exi ting faciliti s, particularly within and adj acent to centres of population, are in m any inst ances quite unsatisfactory, and in some cases the st ate of affairs calls for immediate remedy. In formulating the Yarious proposals as indicated on the ma1 accompanying this report consideration has also been given to tl1 c following general principles :(a) To provide for new main arterial roads.

(b) To provide subsidiary roads between towns and the new

main arteri al roads or existing main road .

Genera l principles in formulalint; road proposals


42

(c) To pr vid for th improvem nt of the width and line of existing roads wh r p racti cabl or alternatiYely, wher tb e o t of su h improv m nt mi ght pro, 路 to b prohibiti e, t c 1 r Yid for th co nstru ction f new roads t h r by obtaining gr at r road width at les ost . ne'" frontaa fo r develo1 ment, and fr quently bett r gradients . (d) To pro, 路icl for by -pas ing t own

r conge t d area through

wll ich main road at pre ent run . (a) T pro\ id a c ss t o ar a likely to deYelop in conformity with th e zo ning pr po als t h phy ical nature of t h country p rmitting the same. S u rvey of lin, ,- of p roposl'cl roads

Th lines of all p roposed road. a indicat ed on t he maps accompanying this report have be n urv ye d, longitudinal ection t aken and main part icul ars as t o engi neering feature and prope r(~ affected r cord d. The vari ou proposals have b en , in th m ain, g nerally a ppro v d by the Group ub- ommiti.e oncerned, and the Committee . Th a.r r c mm nd d for inclusion in the statut ory town planning s h m t o b promoted by t he various local authoritie or decentrali eel ar a ommitt e .

H oad conslruclio n. Pro i io n to he m adr in stat u to ry sc ht'llll'S

The ommittee, as an advisory body, whil t concerned with the p lanning of roads is not directly conce rned with t he que tion of con t ru cting such road , and provision for the enforcement carrying ut , or onsi.ruction of any propo. erl road will ha,路e to be included in t l1 st atu t ory t own planning schemes .

Agr c m e n ts w il h CO Ull y cou nc ils a n d lht' i\Jini sl ry of T ran por l

On th question of pro\iding for road of an mie ri al charact r it is r comm nd d that local authoriti s, through their particular d ntrali d area committee, h ould approach the county counc路il c n c rn -d, and the Ministry of Transport, with a view to obtaining s m d -finite a surance that grant in aid of the co t of road constru t ion and ub equ nt maintenance will be available wh n the n c s ity for t h construction of a paliicular road arise . N'o doubt the r con tituted ] int dvisory ommittee will be of some a. ist anc 111 s uring agr m nt between area committees, county councils, and th 1ini. try of Transport .

t'\\'

road~.

W idths <1nd b11il d ing linl's

The ' idths giv ninth li t oi new road are the suggested ultimat e eli t an s b t w n the treet lin s, and are t h minimum widths for whi h I rovi ion should b made. They are not , however, n c . sarily


R

43 t hose which will be r quired when the roads ar at first con truct d ; a less width will frequently be sufficient for orne consid rable tim . It is important, however, that uffi ient land be cheduled to allow of the fu ll vvidth b ing obtained as and when r quir d. In suggesting 'Nidths for various new roads consid ration has been given to pro vi ion of space for the planting of tre and shrubs and the formation o拢 gra s or gravel verges wher d irable or a1 propriate, and also for the probable extension of t h practi e of providing duplicate services, such as ewer, gas, water and el ctr路icity mains, etc., und r the footways or verge of roacL, instead of single service und r carriageways.

AN

EFFECTIVE STREET L AY-OUT:

A

BoULEVARDJ:, IOO FEET WIDE.

The uggest ed set-back from str et lin s for building frontages to new road up to and including 8o f et in width is 20 feet on each side of the road. For road of greater width, 25 feet on each side of the road is suggested.

D. - co?zlimted


R .\ l S

t'OIIIinut'd

4-1F'''hng , 1.1<l~. \\"idlh - anti I uildi 1 R lin,·~

Th

sug est d width

and buildin

lin

for cxi ting road

a re

n,; { lll \\'S :-

Fir:t- ·1,\ss l~oads.-,-\ mm1mnm width of 75 feet , inc reasing t o r fc t wh r practi able a nd a building et-b:tck of 25 feet n e.1ch i d .

hss R ads.-.-\_ minimum width of 6o feet , increa ing t o practi ablP, and a building et-back of 20 feet 11

I{

.I

L thl

huih up

111)-:h

.H\',1.'

'a h sid•.

lt i- n t anti ·ipated it will b p ibl t o ecure an equal width the entire lemrth f many ex.i ting roads, p a1i icularly in t \\11S r thr uah built-up area . In the latt r ca e it ·will be nece ary t pre · 'ribt.' ~ u 'h new street :md buildina lin - a m ay b e considered desi1 .tble. ·md to require mpliance therew-ith wh re\·er redevelopment ak " place. ihrm•~hont

I will .tl-o fmmd tlm in -ome ca e the con truction of a new rHd \\'ill h ·iate the widenina of an exi-tina road, excer t t o an extent JH' ·ess·uy t m t local r qnir m nt . I~

hilh

~•" lhrou,·h 1'\lrid'

wing t Ute Yery hilly nature of ~orne part of t he Region it mu t I • n: alised that :my widening or cmridcrable improvement of ce1i ain IW\ds is impracti nbl . and. unforhmately. in many ca es it i m o t dlln ·ult t pn ,-j e altemati,·e route: except at gr at co t. \~Ther buil in" fr n l!!eS are n t a.Yailable by rea on of the leYel a nd n ature of l.ut adjactcnt t r ads in hilly di·tricts it ,,;n no-t: be n ece ary to se ·un.' :o "'reat ·1 width of road, a· all traffic will be in moYcment • 'ln~t.m ly. The roads- hr u h Derbyshire and into Yorkshire are unaYoidably dt•\'i u: md ·:teep. bu nnny of he dan!!er point along the e road ·ould md the roads imprm·ed " ithout incurring mu ch \:XJ ·nse. n -.ge -f. sen·ral road -ection- are illu trated, and are giYen as ypi '::.\1 ex uuplt'. for uda~ ce only . The character of road must n ('(.'.:" lril_- Yary :n~ording o the natur of the di trict they erye or 1 n. · throu~h. whether indn~ rial or residential. or bu ine .

~ ~tJt, n .:nitl .:

Th ~ t}Uc:rion of prmidin for or pre-en-ina tlte amenitie of roads JXnrti~uta ly ltrongh ..:iden hl districts. i~ one requiJina con id ration .


I 0 D -qontinued

45

CPQSS · SECTION

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D. 路- co lltimted

The additional widt h r quired t o secure spa e :for tre s, hru bs, and gras ,. rg s ne d not be co n iderable and, in consid ration of the enormously nilanc d val ue o:f property r at ed by the I ro,ision of such arnenit ie . no doubt m any lan lowner will be pr pared to dedicate land for the purpose. It is ugge t ed that wher tr e are planted along roads they should b placed in u h positions as t o render it unn ce sary to remove th m should it be required ub equ ntly to wid n the carri ageway of the road .

Oftent im a cun路e in a road will enabl a fine pecimen of a tree, or a clmnp or belt of t r e to be presen 路ed, and o add to the b auty of a. di trict. Many other matter al o affect the attract iYenes of a road, such a easy and plea ing curYe alignment on ome building or other obj -ct, t he design and colomi ng of lamp post and other t andard , ~md so :forth .

Tn the planning of ne,,路 roads or the impro\ement of existing ones, it i most essential that every effori. sbonld be m ade to secure a good linC' of vi ion . Particularly doe t hi apply i.o bends and road jtmct ions . osl oi roa I consl ruclion

The cost of road construction mu t nece sarily vary in different part s of t he Region ; in orne dist1ict s filling m at eri al will be found clo e at hand vvhil t in others this is not the case, and mat e1ial will requir t o be brought from a eli t ance. R oad constructed in hilly or un dulating area will cost relatively more than roads construct ed t hrough fairly lev 1 land, and t he nature of road foundation will vary from place t o pla e, in some cases neces itating reinforcement or p cial constru cti on. In orne di strict s railways are much more num ro us t han in others, invol ving heavy expenditure in bridge on tru otion, ' hich cannot be avoided whereYer a road mi ght be placed . l\iany other conditions al o ost of construction.

xist which must necessarily af-fect

A.s alr ady indi cat d, surveys have been made along the centre line f a h sugge t ed road, levels t aken , and approximat e estirnat es of co t , bas d on prices in resp ct of roads recently constructed in


h.

D -continued

47 the Region, have been pr par d. These estimate have been apportioned according to the length of road in the area of each local authority affect d, but are not included in this report, as many of the roads may not be constructed for some con iderable time, and, plices not being stable, any such estimates might prove of little value. It is suggested to local authorities on reaching d finite agr ement as to the lines of roads, that the sites of the portions of such road upon which embankments are to be formed should be made a\ ai labl for tipping suitable material, which otherwise might not be available at the time when a paliicular road is to be con tructed .

Joormation of em ba nkm ents in anticipation of req uircm en ts

It is not deemed necessary to give a list of th bridges m the Region which are inadequate for the volume of traffic using them. In many cases bridge are far too narrow and inconvenient, and form dangerous " bottle necks." There are also other bridges, especially crossing railways, which are much out of alignment, and consequently are danger points .

GcBe ra l ina.tl cquacy of road bridge's

,1/nnclu:sl cr rorforrtlion. BARTON (ROAD AND

.~NAL} BRIDGES OVER THE l\IA:-ICIIESTER

AN ELECTRICITY GENERAT!NG

HIP CANAL;

TA'flON (l\I ANCJIESTER CORPORATION) .

ALSO


R

D '-co11tinucd

4 I nadequacy of road accrss across the i\l anchcs lcr Ship Cana l

cc 'ss from on pati of the R gion to anoth r JS in some cases r nder d difftcult by the ab nee of ufiicient bridges . P artie 1la rly is t his t he case over t he Manch t r hip Canal ; only four bridges xist between alfo rd and Warrington, the d ist anc s apa rt being as follows :Trafford Bridge t o Balian Bridge

5 ·3 miles

Bation Bridge t o vVarbmion Bridge ..

6·8

Warburton Bridge t o I nutsford Road Bridge at v\ arrington . .

4 •7

" "

Thr e of these bridges are swing bridges, and in cons qu nee tr:1. ffic delays fr quently occur and cau e congestion. The oth r bridge, at \~ arburton , midway betv\'een Manche t er and vVarrington , is the only high-1 \'el bridge in this t ot al dist ance of r 6 ·8 miles, but its usefulness i minimised by bad approache , that from the outh being by a na rrow lane and a wood and iron toll bridge .

. 1In.ncl1ester Slti'j Cnllfl./ ComjJniiJ'.

H ARTON (llOAD A:-ID CANM.) BR IDGES OPENED TO PERMIT PASSAGE OF S H IPP I NG.

' ugg stions ar made in this repoli for improved connections \\'it h t he Warburton hi gh-1 Y 1 bridge, and also fo r additional high-


ROAD -co11t拢11 ued

-+9 level road bridges over the anal, which if cured would avoid th circuitous routes now neces ary in passing from the north to th south of the Region, and would r li ve ong -stion at a number of points, in addition to forming transport f eders to th hip anal. As the Traffo rd Park Estates continue to develop and th neighbouring lands on both side of the Ship anal 路in the dir ctio n of Irlam and Part ington b come increasingly industrialised, fu 1thcr access between nmih and south bank of th Canal will b es ential, not only to the industri al undertaking in th neighbonrhood of the Canal and the consequent transpmi of goods, but also for th convenience of the workers in the industrial area.

ANCIENT ROAD THROUGH THE \Vt NNATS,

ASTLETON, DERUYSII!RE.


J\

l \I

' nl in uccl

-o fh~

foil win,.. i~ he list of propos d r gional or main di trict rtM 1. 11 'Yil u:l~- ref n ' d to :-

------------------------------'mnbcr t

Local authoritie affected

n: '\t

I

II

Approximate length in miles in a rea of each local authority

I

1

' I

Suggested Total width l\Ia:.imum len<>th in feet grade in miles

K ew Existing road road _A_b_r.-an-,--••-D-.---------_----2-o- j

~

.\.·h

n-in-M<tk~rfieldLD.

\ tltN'

O ' I/

n l.'.D.

l'la.rtou-upon-In\ II R.D. Bi.llin""' l".D. Bnn; R.D. H.-,\nliV>I<I ~tR 1-liUdt~ :r IIJ.l)), k'"h ~tB. L.iutle HIUlli.ltoo ts ,If). ~linUUta>W l(lr.I),

lc)JC.h<fr.un.... C.R.. .s:mmt~oo

IC".]'lJ.

i.llllll,n

Fleolllt'ili.U.-ll>JWi~

o·oQ .. l(.. ~

-3

o-.:3: li .. "... Jf

lT' ((l).. ~

T. ·11il!c.,;;IJ;t.y·~iitilln • · ll:t.::I!'II<cy

llJT.Jl)l.

\\llnii~rc.Wtlhll Q'..lfll.. \'frq,r,;J(<,·~- l[';,,JD>., J'"rl<>llll~

~nu.MUI('~ro~n

JR<('o.urdl Rror&<il! oo JRro,c."n<l~JI.

~"'""'a, •"llllrdi

Ih

. •0:. •

ltU~\~®'o<ill M..llll.. JRw~·lWk <C.JB',..

2j

1'51

From Rroi.urdl • -10>.. 11 <:nti CnJ h::;;t~~t..·roAn&ntdlnllt·'l.· Ro<:lld tt((!J lllll(l)Jtril!n~t-U"iin i mn<dJ,~l!Y <O>fi lB!iillll~t· .und ::;.11J:;:·• ..·::;;t.:·<ill <l:WilllnimnJl hi'lliD:- lt<O> ((lhllmli~T

"nn0! Stt D~N.nnll

U.·n.~

•G<Oro,;.c·

((.;u<e :1!11 <OIIIl

hfi&c· \\Dg;Jllllt- \~ti!ll:l!ll~

IT;.uTh.1?-.II'ftiie ll<ill lR<Ol.!Kd!.. <noml!li<C<Citnn "' "'ii1illn i&loutill '•£1\. 11 • <hJII~dl •(J(lilllfliiwml.(rd]

.!R•olllrill ;nJt - 1{\\lil!Q.mr-iitb-U'llillllwl!iidi'Jl! !!tO> \\'l.'lillnl.rucll;:

if'l!•oJm

ll!liinillllt~ lim> ~'liww Jntrllll \\\X''~ lL•tiiYh <UOlJJll<«iii~m 1\\'li!!lh

.\\..Yin~dllC.IDt ~rilll>ltfu T[l',.IDt

:!!"5ij;

~ ~'Wt(~\IID]lru!fiidldl

.!!"ll>JI

ll"ll!>ID

30

ll.'UDI \\\\~

lil.IDJ..

lflliindlllt~ [ll..ID>..

IOO

JR,.wrlli!J :1undl JF.,Ioutdl

~.II

Jf'l!<oln1 lllloll"'iidb In>

·oiin

Imaa,41~ OJ.I!aJ!t ~ltmtiGJn

1,\ftllltllitDm mi..IDl. IBloJfu.m (C.JlR.

lllrumUidh !ID..IDt "\\\t<.!!flillmtg!htmn ll!..ID~.

(()1u.-Rttl1' Il!{m•ll ;Dfl lBl udlJII'\1 !Hill! '1\im \\\'i:mlh111ltom lEln tl}#t· till ffiloJ ltm1 wtrl.\ \\\tc.'+t

lf'IJCflnl

l hm~l1nm

~hmttvn

llf':Jilt

IBtwJillll\\ m.mt II,ri i.dh .MJBt II..Uri:J IJRJD>. II~mmu IT':JDJ.

Thih!R1llmt1fiim.m ti.'..IDI.. ___W:_u_lllliilyj.tOlll 'IJRJDt

(!!J"'YJ~ COr"}

-l

"C"j\j;

ll:"5-!! .:!!-;(Ill tD'~-;rm

.!!"<<II!IJ

0"]9

:u]['~

I

0"',-;

~oand

100 j

. 1

2 "12


H.

D '-wlllillucd

sr ___ PRO PO E_:!_-~_:REG_IO:\fAL..!_ ~s_ ROADS-Conti11ucd.

·---- - - -' - -

----

Number of road

9

IO

N. to S.

10 E. toW.

II

Local authorities affected

Desctiption

From St. Hdcns Road,-~ Bolton C.B. Bolton, to lrlam Irlam U.D. Leigh R.D. Little Hulton U.D. Tyldesl y-wilh-Shakerley U.D. From Bradfo1·d Road, Bolton, to Tyldcsley

From Bolton Road, Kearsley, to Salford Road, Bolton From Bury New Road, ncar Bolton, t.o Oldham

Bolton .B. Farnworth .D. Lit-tle Hulton U.D. Ty!clesley-with-Shakcrley U.D.

Approximata length in miles in area of each local authority New road

IExisting road

I'9b

o·Gr

o·oR

2'72 0'19 r · rG

1·98 1'70

22

6o

2-1

3'93

Go

38

z·88

roo

r8

10'32

75

20

1'59

1'00 0'67

70

23

4'!9

6o

20

5'6+

70

20

+'79

0'38

o·G4

o·82 O'i'8

Bolton C.B. Famworth U.D. Little Hulton .D. Kearsley U.D.

o ·sG

Burv C.B. Bury R.D. Chadderton U.D. Heywood l\LB. Middleton M.B. OlJham C.B. Radcliffe U.D.

0'55

3'01 1'37 o·87 2 ' 10

o·Go

0'50 0'21 0'25 0'40

r·s6

Chadderton U.D. Royton U.JJ.

o·8r 0'78

12

Bo!lon to Bury

Bolton C.B . Bury C.B. Bury R.D. Radcliffe U.D.

I'7J o·.;.r 0'38

13

Turton to Belmont

Turton U.D.

4'12

!'52

14

Turton to Radcliffe

Bury R.D. Radcliffe U.D. Turton U.D.

o·.,s 0 ' 30 2 ·58

o·r9 0 '7-f 0'3+

*rs

Bo lton Eastern Bye-pass

Bolton C.B.

r·8o

1G

Bury Eastern and \Vestern Bye-pass roads

Bury C.B. Bury R.D. Heywood l\1.B. H.adcliJic U .D.

0'70 o·68 0'23

From Bury New Head, Bolton, to Whitefield

Bolton C.B. Little Lever .D. H.adcliffc U.D. Whitefield U.D.

1'14 o·go -1' 37 1'07

o·o9

From Pigs Lee at North of Bury to \ luleficlcl

Bury C.B. Bury R.D. Heywood l\LB. vVhileficld U.D.

r·oo z· rS 1'62

0'67

*

l~oa

~

10'79

0' 52

Royto n Bye-pass, branch from new arterial road at Chadderlon

rS

)

0'70

IIA

17

(

Go

o·68 0'33 o·6S

Suggested 1otal width Maximum length in feet grade in miles

yBs

0'7G

l being constructed.

o·rg

z·q

70

l

100

IG

TG5

~

6o

30

7'57

70

20

6'23


RO D. --colltinucd

52 PROP

X umbe r of road

ED RE TONAL, &r;. , ROADS-Coutin ucd.

Description

Local au thoti ties affected

----- -

Approxim a te length in miles in areas of each loca l authority

1-New --·IExisting~

________!_ mad

mad _

rg

H ey\\'ood Bye-pass

20

Rochdale Eastern Ryepass

Rochdale C.B.

I

'·45

0'75

21

From l\lilnrow to Littleboro ugh

Littl eborough U.D. l\IIilnrow U .D.

J

·g_

0'15

r·8o

0'02

From L ower P lace, Rochdale. to Roa d No. 2 at New H ey

l\lilnrow .D. R ochdale C.B.

o·82 0 ' 46

F rom Crompton to Sprin ghcad and b ranch to lclham a nd Royton

Milnrow .D. Cromp ton U.D. Oldham C.B. ptinghPad U .D. Royton U.D.

22

2,)

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

1'24

0'3~

0'5.{ 1'14 0 '82

Hurst .D. Li mebu t RD. Oldham C.B.

0'3

From Hollins Road, Oldh::un, to Huddersfield Road, ptinahcad

Limeburst R.D. Oldham C.R ptinghead CD.

2'60 o ·u O"'JO

From i\fanche5 er-Oldham Road at Hollinwood to A luon-underL yne

.:\sbtou-un<!er-Lwe lf.B. Liml:'h&JS[' Oldham C.R

O"IT

A bton Road, Den on, to Road Ko. 26 at Dai y Xook , connecting with road i.o tocl.-port and lockport Bye- pa. branch to Road Ko. 2 anrl from Dai y Kook to talybridge

.-\sbton-under-Lvnc M.B. Audensbaw U.D. Drm·lsden lS.D. Limehurst R.D. tah·brid~re liB. Den· on B.D. Hurst u.D.

H yde Bye-pass and branch to Hollingworth

Denton lS.D. Hyde lf.B. Tintwi .le R.D.

0"·'5191

From ·w arrington - 1\nu tsford Road at H igh L egh to BuJ..'ion I oad at H azel Grove

Bucldo"- RD. CheadJe and Galtlc:v U ..D.

::!"lf'91

From R oad No. 29 at Ileald Green to vYe llin gion Road, Stockport

Hazel Gro,-e and -Bil'i!lm-

hall U.D. CheadJe and GatJev U.D. tod-port C.B. -

I ' I-f

)

;)

I' I~

r·oo

100

I 0'38 2 '39 r ·oS 1'62

From Rippon den R oad, Oldham, to l\lossley Road near A htonund cr-Lyne

RJJ:

Suggested Total wid t h Maxim um length in feet g rade in mil es

24

2'20

6o a nd 75

J8

3'8g

100

48

1' 28

50

Lf

9 ' 17

6o

14

4 '01

50

12

.J-'76

6o

16

2 '47

6o

17

6·26

20

4 '~ 1

22

r6·o8

20

3 '96

0'95

0"-jO

,_

]"_,

o ·f4 O"lj

0"]5

o·..p o·:;o

«»..2j

I \

<!ll";m;

1 ooand

3l"• '1 v:z;S

&>and

r-115 ]"-ii.:!

01"'25

o·:vo 10"3:!

o·25

] :!(!ji IT"Sill>

6"-JI:!

J".P ~-15

o·..o

*Proposal deferred for time being.

o·6; 0"1"1

~ »

15

f

.120

I'

.100

)


R AD, -cOJ1fi1111 ed

53 P R OPOSED REGIONAL, &c., ROADS- - outiuued.

------

Number of road

Local authorities affected

Description

Approximate length in mil es in areas of each local authority New road

IExistin~ road

Stockport Bye-passFrom Road No. 29 at Hazel Grove to Denton an d co nnecting with Road No . 27

Bred bury and Romil ey U.D. Denton U.D. Hazel rrOve a nd Bramball U.D.

1"22

1"25

r-oo r·6o

o·6o I "1 2

32

From BuA-t.on Road , Hazel Grove, near the termination of Road No. 29 to Marpl e

Hazel Grove and Bramhall U.D.

1"32

o·oS

33

From Stockport to Hazel Grove

Hazel Gro e and Bramball U.D. Marpl e U.D. Stockport C.B.

r· So

31

0"38 o·s6

o·48

*34

From Stockport to Sheffield Road, Hollin gworth

BrPclbury and Romil ey U.D.

0"75

o ·6o

35

From Hyde to Bredbury and Romil e ~r

Bred bury a nd Romiley U.D. Hyd e :.\'LR.

0 "37

0 "43

From D enton and Hyd e Bred bury to and Romilry

Br dbury a nd Rami ley U.D. Drnton U .D. Hyd e M.B.

0"58,

o·gz

o ·oS

1"09 0"22

From StockportMacclesfield Road at Bulley, passing in a north-easterly direction via H a ndforth , Ashton- upon- Merscy, Urmston, to co nnect· to road to Darton Bridge over t he i\Ianch ster Ship Canal

Ashton -npon -Mersey U.D. Barton-upon-Irwell R .D. Buck low R.D. Cheadle a nd Gatley U.D. Handforth U.D. Macclesfield RD. Sale U .D. rms lon U.D. Wilms low U.D.

38

F r um StockportMace les field Road, Butley, to Bollington

Bollington U.D. Macclesfield RD.

0 "37 o ·67

0 "37

39

Macc les fi eld roads

Macclesfield M.B. Macclesfiell R.D.

5"54 2"68

0"11 0"38

Bucklow I .D. Handforth U.D. Macclesfield R.D.

0"25 2"70 1"00

o·g8

Macclesfield R.D.

r·s6 ·r5

36

37

Bye- pass

Handforth From Poynton

to

40A

Bramhall From Ad li.ngton

to

41

Wilinslow Bye-pass

40

I

I\ Vilmslow U.D.

* H.emai.nc! er

Total uggested width l\faximnm length in mil rs in feet grade

l

100

I7

6"79

6o

25

r- ,lo

So

3 ' 22

1"35

6o

I

I

2"05

so

17

2 "89

6o a nd So

20

15"14

6o

53

I "+I

1"25

2 "01 o· 96 +· 86 0 "57 0 "57

a· so o·r9

I

l

0"57 a· 19 0

"55

o·sr I ·Sr

0"57 !" 28

t 1·.

8·7r

II

6o

4"93

o·5o

6o

2"06

o·ro

100

of proposal dP.ferred fo r time br ing.

41

1"25


l't \I :..;

·onlinur I

5-t l'lx

1

mnl

)1'~\~F!

l HFt;t

clllllllll~d.

\1

•1

l.oc1l

l ··~··tit ll\111

I

atllht rilit•s alh'·ll' I

11'111

\ pproxiruate length in miles in ar('a of each local aulhorily

Total Suggested width i\Iaximum length in feet in miles grade

---I·

\\IHinuntim

ll

I\ in";

:\l,wdt~'"h•r

\1<1\ '

ht .I lit•

I'

~·· ,' 11\th, m

,, nth

.,

" o.~tl

I rin ·~.-- H Ill ;'.t,,n h,,.kr, t ) (

I

' i

1\ 11\Z\1'

ht•. tilt• aud ;a11t-y U.D. ;\(,11\dtt•:kr '. I .

I

Ru kim\ RD. 1\:unt:r rtl l .D. :.'.f,m lwstt•r '.R

l'..j.6

ll

0'57

I

o·:'\.:!

J'l6

0 '51 0 ' 57

0 ' 13

: -ro

o ·..!: t.

0'-1

1'0-1

TOO

100

2'03

32

!2'19

ll\'11 11

Ftlm 1\mtl:<tonl \\ ihu-1" nlul:i~

nl

n~,

I., ..

l'~.j

RD.

1 l'.l).

-·t;; o·-,_

R.n.

~"t)J

50 )

0

-1

6'!5

37

2'92

6o

6o

2'92

22

-1 ' 59


P AD. -collli1111ed

55 PROPOSED REGIONAL, &c., ROADS-Coutiuued.

Number of road

Description

Local authorities affected

Approximate leng1. h in miles in areas of each local a~thority Xew road

54

55

.57

Chorley Bye-pass .. . From northern end of I<.ingsway, l\Ianchester, to Audenshaw, etc.

0'75

0'70 1'67

From Hindley to \>Yarrin gton Road ai Golbome

Abram U.D. Golborne U.D. Hindl ey .D.

0'7G

Latchford to Culcheth ...

Leigh R.D . Runcorn R.D. \Vanington C.B. vVanin gton R.D.

0'97

J

i

20

75

4'29

' 71

O'.j7

6o I

0'!9

1"22

o·65

Go

25

6o

IG

3'77

6o

20

5'02

70

rg

3'80

Wiele Boule vardc

2J

I'57

From R ocbdale,co n ti nu ation of Road No. 20 (via ·wardle and Whitworth) to Bacup

Rochdale C.B. Wardle U.D. Whit·worlh U.D .

From Salford to Prestwich, connecting to Road No.2

Bury R.D. Prestwich U.D. Salford C.B.

6r

Connection between Victori a Avenue and Bury Old Road across Heaton Park, l\Ianchester

Manchester C.B.

62

Blackrocl Bye-pass

Blackrod U.D.

Adlington to Chorley\ •Vigan Road

Adlington U.D .

Bacup E<1stem Bye-pass

Bacup i.\I.B.

0'95

Chapel-en-le-Frith R.D.

!'88

Road h rough the vVinnats and Bye-pa s _ _ __ :___t.:..:.o Castleton

o·5o

0"12

Littleborough U.D. Wardle U.D. Whitworth U.D.

Go

,

f

1 ' 30

Li ttleborough (via Wardle) to Whitworth 59

Existing road ·

Chorley l\LB. Chorley R.D. Audenshaw U.D. Denton .D. lHanchester C.B. Stockport .B.

Sugg sled Total width l\Iaximum length in feet grade in miles

o·6g 2'08 I'OO 1'06

0'93

2'8-f

1

0'19 0

'47

1'23

rg8

roo

45

50

23

50

2'09

The above parti culars as to proposed regional or main district roads give the approximate total length of new roads as 256 -65 m1les, and the \\idening of exi ting road. as pati of such new roads as 79·22 miles; or, sub-divided into county areas:1Vew Roads. TV icleninu existing Roads. Cheshire .. 87·58 mile 26·97 miles. I· 8 Derbyshi re so·63 mil s. Lancashire r6s •37 " I ·82 , I·62 Yorkshire (W. R.) " Tot als 79•22 256 ·6s "

"

ombined total, 335 · 7 mile .

Total length of proposed road s


1{

•\ D

'

con/in /It'd

56 Th

'u h dh ision ul propU>io.'ll

r,•gional, l.'ll' .. ro.uls

r a Is

{

th li t of propos d regional or main district

II owing

- \1 b-di\·i

1 d a.

a fft'Ctina county and local authority areas

within the h .>u-ion :-

.umlx•r

New road Local authority arl.'a

I ro.1d

,ou

HESHIRE

Lcugtl1 in mile:;

I

o·-t-..l

j,

tockport

o·s6

jl

o · ~o

5:

O"I-

n

---- - -

Total

Length in miles

l--

Total

TY.

1 'TY BOR l1 ,JI .\ RE.\ 30 33

Road widening

~

0"71 1"91

0 "'.)0

o·5o

l

2"1 I

R l.'GH .-\RE.\SDukinfidd

Hydt•

.!

I" 50 J":!j

J5 3b 9

0"76

1\ ~fil cl~_·ficltl

·-

_,

tnlybridao.' ...

o·g

2"75 0"22

5"5-!-

5"54

o·:?.-

0"23

O"II

I

I

'RB.-\2\ .-\RE.\ S.\ ldt•rl•y -~~

Ed~e

.\ltrindrun ...

-1

~,

O"II

A

lnon-opon-~lt'rsl.'y ...

o·.-x o· 9

I".JO

_·oi

.,.

0"~2

Bollin~ton

...

0""".J.

0

0"25

)

0"25

p

3

"31

l

0"31

0

"37

Bo\\d n 'I

Bn>dbury and Romiley

'·I

3:

'

I:J

o·-. '

:n -9

1"~2

1 "25

o·~-

hcadll' and Gatll'y ...

~-19

2"1-

,

o·-:l t I"-t6

-1-

m ·I all

Hall'

...

~ · gz

o ·6o o·H 0"92

l

3 "20

0"2

6 "3/

o ·67 0

"55

1"50


H ADS-conti11mcl

57

I

New roa d

Number ·oi road

Local authority area LengU1 in mil es

- -

Tot a l

CHESHIRE COUNTY.

... ... ...

H andforth ...

29 31 32 33

Hazel Grove and Bramhall

-

Ho llingworth

43 44 45

Knutsforcl

3'32 r ·6o 1"32 T' 80

...

...

...

-

... ...

...

.. .

0'51 0 '75

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Lymm ...

33

Marple .. .

-

Mottram-in-Longdendale ...

37 so

Sale

37 41 44

Wilms low

-

2'70

8

... ... ... ... ... .. . ... ... ...

Total

)

.

o ·s r

2'70

-

)

-

l

1'!2 o·o8

8 ·o~

-

)

-

-

)

o·sr

)

l

1'20

-

I~

' 26

!'24

0' 74

0 '74

-

-

0']8

0 '38

0'18

0'48

-

-

-

-

0 ' 50 1'74

1'15 0'40

Yeardsley-cum-\Vhaley ...

Length

I in mil es

I

URBAN AREAS-continued 37 40

Road wid"ning

I

-

\

~

2'24

I

1"28

.)

'r

1'55

)

-

0'10

1'04

II

I

II' I (

2'42

II

-

-

-

I ' 2~

RURAL AREAS-

.. .

... ... .. .

8 29 37 40 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Buck low

-

Disley ...

37 38 39 40 40A

i\facclesfielcl

57

Run corn

...

.. . ...

0'97

0'97

28

Tintwislle

... ... ... .. .

o· 8g

o ·S9

...

...

... ...

... ...

...

...

2'70 6'.12 4'86 0 '25 g·82 3'19 2 '17 2'92 2'53 r· 8 r 0'14 r1 8

37'99

-

-

0 '57 0'67 2'68 r·oo rs6

1'64 3 '87 0'19

-

1'16 0 '28

8' 93

-

1'30 0'49

-

!

-

-

rSt

-

6·48

I

0'38 o·g8 o ·5o

3'67

-

-

-

-

Sub-division of proposed rcgion a I, etc. , roads


R

D -continmd

sB ub-divL~ion

of prop sed regional, etc., roads

Road widening

,_ _ New_road Local au thority area

N umber of road

L 'ngth jn miles

To tal

Lcnglh Total jn mil es ·- - - - - - -

DERBYSHIRE COUNTY. BORO Gi l AREAS-

Buxton

-

Giossop

... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. .

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

r· 88

r SS

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

RBAN AREA-

-

New Mills ...

... ...

...

R URAL AREAS'bapel-en-le-Fri th

65

... ...

... ... ...

-

... .. . ... ...

-

-

Glossop Da le

-

llayfield

I

LANCASHIRE COUNTY .

cou

' TY BOROUGH . REASI-

Bolton...

7 9 10 N. to S.

...

...

.. .

. ..

0'95 1'97

JO

0'.)6 1'73 r· So rq

1-:!

I

Bury

...

.. .

... ... ...

r6

r8 42 ·13 51 55 61

Man ches ter ...

II

Old ham

... ...

...

... ... ... .. .

23 24 25 26 I

a nd 2 3 20 22 59

0' ,12 o·6r o·68

-

E. tovV. 12 15 17 II

I

ySs r·oo

~

0 '57 0 ' 57 o·6s !'67 o·g6

?

)

T-10

·l'-12

-

r· oo o·64

... ... ... .. .

-

)

-

r 8o I'IO

1'45 0 '46 !'06

0 '34

0'55

I'I4 O'II

R ochclalt'

S·r5

l

l

2· 8g

0 '21 !'00

2 '05

_l

-

1

-

l l l

0 '1 3 0'30

-

0'40 r ·oS o· 82 0'40

-

5'87

)

o· SS 0 ' 75

-

1" 2 1

0 '43

2'70

1'63


h. AD -contimted

59

Number of road

l~oad

road

C\V

Local authority a rea

widening

I

Length in miles

I

l. ngth in miles

Total

Total

----

I

LANCAS HIRE COUNTY. COUNTY BOROUGH AREAS-continued.

so

Salford

6o 57

...

"'

I

...

... 1

vVarrin gton ...

"'

"'

...

BOROUGH AREAS26 27

Ash ton-under-L ync

1

...

'"

"'

...

0 ' 11

... ... ,I

54

Chorley

...

"

'

"'

-

Eccles ...

"'

"'

"'

-

Haslingden .. .

"'

...

]

... ...

...

... 1

and 2 3 II I6 I8

I and 2 8

H eywood

L eigh

...

)

l

0'73

0'76 J'23

o ·6s

-

I I

1'99

-

I I

Bacup ...

-

0'6.)

'

6.;

0 ' 73

... ... .. . ... I

II

Middleton

... ... .. . ...

-

J\Iossley

... ...

"

-

Rawtenstall

...

"

. ". . ...

-

I )

-

0'11

o·rs

I

~-

0 ' 15

0 '95

0'95

I ' J+

J'J4

1'60

r·6o

0 '75

0 '75

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1'+1 0'41 0'87 o ·68 !'62 0'93 0'70

( ) I )

-

-

4'99

-

1'63

!'89

l )

I

-

r·S9

-

2'10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3'9 1

-

1'65

-

6 ·28

0'17 0 '53

2 "IO

URBAN AREAS1

and2 s6 63

I and 2 5

I and 2 7 8 27 55 I and 2 4

Abram ...

".

... ... ...

...

...

...

Ashton-in-Make rlirld ...

...

Ad lington

.. .

...

Aspu ll ...

... ...

...

Atherton

...

... ...

Auclenshaw .. . Bi llinge

...

...

...

.. . ... ...

...

...

2 '20 1' 7I

)

I

I '65 3'73 2 '55

)

·i

I'95 I ' 54

I~

0'35

)

-

-

l'3I I'71

~-

I}

-

)

-

I )

0'70

-

-

3 '49

0'95 o·r9

0'35

I'45 I'30

l. I

2'75

-

)

1'70

-

-

3 '02

1'70 I

I'I4

Sub-division of proposed l ·cgional, ct ., l ·oads


h.O D. -continued

6o Sub-division of proposed regional, etc., roads

Road widening

l\'ew road !\'umber of road

Local autho rity area Length in mil es

LAN CAS HIR E COUNTY.

II

... ... ... ... 1 Chadderton ... ... ... ... Black rod

lJA

23

Crompton ...

~~

Denton

...

... ...

... ... . .. ...

-

Failsworth ...

... . .. ... ... ...

JO

Fa~·nworlh

...

Droylsden ...

.. .

Col borne

...

.. . ...

5

H aydock

rand 2 6 56

Hindley

7

Horwi ch

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

...

I .. . ...

... ... ...

24 27

Hurst

-

I nc -in-Makerfie ld

...

Irl am ...

10

K earsley

-

Lees

21 58

Li ttleborougb

rand 2 9

Lillie Hulton

···j

... ...

... ...

... ... ... .. . .. . ...

9

l

-

2"13

0"25

-

2"39 0 "25

o·6o 1 ·og

3"74

-

0"42 -

-

0 "33

~

-

-

o·6.f

1"03

-

0"76

0 "76

-

r·oo

roo

0 "49

o ·68 r-6+ 0 "47

1 ~-

2"79

0"48 0"+9

0"33

-

I>

o·38 0"32

-

t \

0"32

I

0 "53 0"25

I I

0"25 2"39

l

1"9+

l

o·64

-

-

0 "49

t

0"97

I

I

o·,s

I

-

-

•.. 1

o·oS

o·oS

... I ;

0"52

0"52

-

-

-

-

-

2 "6!

0 "15

I I

1"70

o·82

l

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .. . ...

IO

N. LoS. 10 E. LoW.

r92 o·6g 0"23 o·rg o·6S o·6o

Little L ever

I

i

1"98

o·.p

0"70

s6

17

1"37 o·Sr

0"70 1"26 roo o·o 0 "70

:--1. to 10 E. toW.

E. loW.

r·g S

-

31 36 55 27

Total

I

1JH.R'\ r AREAS----continued 62

----

Length in miles

Tota l

... ... ...

o·go

I )

l

I

·g8

-

0 "50 o·go

-

-

1"98

o·rs

!"32

---


R

D

-contw~ted

6r

• umber of road

New road

Local authority area

L ength in miles

Road widening

Total

Lenglh in miles

Total

LANCASHIRE COUNTY. URBAN AREAS-continued I a nd 2 2I 22 23 5

l\iilnrow

r8I I·8o o·82

rewton-in-Makerfield

'l

2"01

0"02 ''" 43

0"38

l

0"40

2"0I

I

Norden 6o

Prestwich

1"30

II 12 I4 r6 I7

Radcliffe

1"56 0"38 0 "30 0 "23 4"37

···I

I

I "30

( )

6·8+ o·og

'l

o·og

I

Ramsbollom

1

IIA 23

Roy ton

50 51

Stre lford

and 2 50

.. .

...

...

···I

Swinton and Pendlebnry ...

I

0"78 1"2+ o ·8o o·25 0"70 0"63

I

r

2 "02

r

I

I"05

I

1"33

I

0"34

0"34 1"33 0"62

1"95

Totlington ... 13 l4 rand 2 9 10 N. to S.

Turton ...

4"12 2 "58

Tyldesley-witb-Shaker!ey ....

6"70

!"52 0 "74

2"39 r·I6

3"55

0"38 o·7S

0"19

0 "57

37

Urmston

o·rg

58 59

Wardl e

2·o8 0"93

Wcstboughton

1" 33 o·28

7

s 1 and 2 I7 r8 5s 59 rand 2 49

I )

I

3"01

ll

1·6r

r

r ·o5 1"07 0 "76

2 ·88

Whitworth ...

1"00 2 "84

3"84

·worsley

2"67 2 "71

r·r6

0"57

I

r 0 "95 o·6g

1:-

~

2"26

I(

0"95

J.

...

Whitefield

I~

5"38

0"19 o·8 r

I ----·

~

o·6g

o·rg

o· 8 r

Sub-division of proposed r gional, clc., roads


H. i\ . ·-continued

62 Sub -division of proposed regional, ct ., roads

Road wid ning.

cw road. Jnmber of road

Local authority area Lcnglh in miles

LANCASHIRE COUN TY. R r and 37

2

Barlon-npon -I rwcll ...

... /

Bu ry ...

0'78 o·96 ?.'37 o·96

0'57

o·5-

3 '5 2

II

12

;1 ' 01 0'41

14

0 ' 9<

16 J8

0'70

O'J<)

z · r8 o·8o

0 ' 67 0 ' -17

Go 51 8

Tolal

RAL AREAS-

19

and _

Length i.n miles

I

50 1

Tolal

0'67 o· rC)

horlcy Leigh ...

2 '00

9

2 ' 72

57

1'22

Limch urst ...

0 ' 38 2'60 I'72

2 ' 57

5'9-f I'Lf

0 ' 95

\

3 ' 51

~

o·6s

0'70

5

\\'arrin gto n...

...

0 '2-1 1"58 6'93 1'57

8 52

57 YORKSHIRE COU NTY. URBAN AREASSaddlcworth 23 25

J~oad

imprO\'CI11L'I1tS not cnnmeraled

Sprio ghcad ...

... , I '12

!'62

0'70

Vi here a local authorit) is not indicat ed in the foregoing lists as being affecte d by a road proposal it should not be a sumed that snch an auth rity will not be required to make any provision in a statutory town planning scheme as affecting roads in its particular district. In the area of ach local authority road widenings and alignment n ot forming part of the proj ects ennmerat d will be necessary on almost all first and second-class roads as classified by the Ministry of Tran p rt , and al o on many district roads.


MAN HESTER &DISTRICT SCHEME LEOAD MAPl

REFERENCE EXISTING FIRST CLASS ROADS SUGGESTED ROADS

EXISTING ROADS WIDENED

Scale rf L

2.

~

Mile.~路 4.

6 I


Tl~

l\lWA Y. ·, ET .-continued

must be paid to their use by pas nger public s rvice vehicles, and suffici nt width secured to enabl such v hides to operate without unduly r stricting the available road space. Services for dcve lor menl of new areas

The establishment of new areas of development, either for residential or industri al purposes, primarily require efficient pa senger transportation, and it must be recognised that development of such nevv areas will in a large mea ure depend upon such faciliti es being made available .

RAILWAYS AND CA ALS. The maps facing this page and page 66 indicate in skeleton form the principal railways and canal within the Region. Railways

As will be observed, the Region is well served by railway , and f w n w lines will be needed to meet suggested future development.

The next need as affecting the rail se rvice of the R gion is the lectrifying of suburban lines for p assenger tran port. Conferences with chief officials of the principal railway companies operating in the Region have been held, and support has been promised in the carrying out of various proposals under the regional scheme. The questions of electrifying various suburban lines and the proYision of new halts or stations have been discussed, and the railway companies have several projects in v1ew. Canals

R sp t ing canals · it i evid nt that full u e is not made by traders of the facilities for water carriage of goods. In additi on to rail and road faciliti s, direct ocean connection via the Manchester hip anal is obtained within the Region through the following barge canals :bridg water Bolton and Bury hton ' to kport ald r and H •bblc St.. H elens

Leeds and Li verpool Rochdale Hudders:field Macclesfield Peak Forest Wigan and Leigh


W0RTLI5Y

.n .u.

/

Fn:,airr; lihitraws slletr)ti tlttlJ li'rulu'n!J , 'frrlrt'll5

slttrr'lt tfzrt:>

R nr oduced Jtom tne Ord nance Su rvey Map. with the sanction

of he Oonrrol/er of rl.M. Stationery Office.

I

I


JVOR'7"LeV

R .n.

Jltewn tlt.u.s ,_

of

Map, with th e sanction ionery Office.


POI ULATIO

AND TR F

-.rc

MO EME TT.

The following approximate figures of population are interesting as illustrating the necessity for all means of transport being u. eel and effccti\路ely operated if the requirements of the Region are to be sat isfied, indnstrially and otherwise :Resident witltin a raclins from th c ntr of Manch st r ofro miles arc

2,050,000

I5

3,000,000

? -

4路500,000

-J

so

"

"

persons.

ro,soo,ooo

"

The total population of England an d Wales (rgzr census) was

37 ,886,6gg.

J/anclu路slrr S/ri'fi Cunn i Colll/trrll)'.

GE:<~ERAL .-\tR \'tEW oF l\IA::-:cll.ESTER S!ltP

A!'L\L

AND

DocKs

AT

SALFORD .

Statistics of popu lation


P P 'L '\TI

1,

]<;r c.

co 11lillltcd

66 Traffic flow

lhroughou t R egion

In rat io to area it should be noted that the l~egion forms the ntre of the most densely-populated portion of England, an l, as uch, the traffic flow is comparativ ly heavy throughout . On this basis, havi ng regard t o the geographical itu ation of th R gion in r l ation to t he P ort of J\Ianche ter and th s al oard, it is probabl that through the Region passes a larger tonnage of good , raw mat rials, food tuffs, and manufactured or semi-manufact ured articles, than through any othf'r a rea of similar size in Gr at Britain.

.Jinuclu•Jtn· Slup Cnnal Cc,m}nii J'. SJI I PP I XG 1:-1

Xo. 9 DocK,

i\IA XC II ESTER

HIP

C.·\:<AL.


68 Part IV. - ZONI N G.

GE ERAL Zo ning: its meaning

OTES.

The t erm " Zoning," as applied to Town Planning, is g nerally underst ood to mean the allocation of areas to the uses for which they are best uited, and t he distribution of those areas in such a way that they will bear proper relationship with one another. T he pri ncipal u.e Recreational.

arc-Business, Indu trial, Residential, and

Zoning. in a broad ense al o has reference t o such matters as den ity of bu!.ldinu~ , _pace about build ings, and heights of buildings, pronsJO regardino- the re~mlation of which must be inserted in e\'CI)" lO\Hh plh:mnn.m.~ scheme. General considerations

m llie

of a regional cheme it i necessary that a yerry lbJmOialldl TI<f·\\\\«llff:~:g;sllJLould be taken : not only must consideration be gH\\lC'.Il!l itriD 1t1lne: ~itiiClllBJJ of are - around exi t ing t owns for various JPllllllfJP~l!SL'<;, lblrurft :aillsm> ih01 itllme predominant character of a town or district :at· .;a \\\'i'lliKoilk. Jftt .S llllif'illneo:- -::;entia1 or de irable t hat every to-vvn should lbc~ semmii-iinu.«1lmil.ri:aill .aum.d residential although in m any cases it m ay lble llllD.ll;:u:\\-lO'nW!lb~le'- H iis generally more economi cal t o group indushi es a.romud :suniiit;aJlbDe oentres, and pre~erye other towns or di t ricts prim«mly :!for .Jre:Sidential purpo es. JlillflejplJI.lf.atitii\OJllll

It i also important that all zoning hould be considered in relation to communication . open spaces, and other matters, and all towns and district throughout the Region co-ordinat ed , so that the most harmonious deYelopment possible m ay be obtained. Ach ·a11.lagcs of zoning

In t he matter of zoning, as with all other aspect s of tovvn planning, it shoul d be recogn ised that t here is n o intent ion t o ignore the rights of owners, to inflict hardships, or t o make any p rovisions which wi ll cause d prcciati on of propert y values ; on the contrary, under a scient ifi system of zoning, land and propert y values will be largely st abilised, and t he result will be t o the mutu al advantage of all con cerned.


ZONIN _,, GF 1 ERAT.-co11/inucd

6g

Under a system of zoning property own r are afforded protection against many injuries in respect of which t hey have no r medy at pre ent. F or ex;-tmple, a desirabl rc idcntial a rea may be s1 oi lt, and its value depreciat ed, by the e tablishment therein of a fact ry, or some undesirable buildings, whereas und r a system of zoning this wou ld not b permitted.

lmfwria l AtTin/ } 1fu, to Co. TYPTCAL ExA~IPLE OF

NCO:'-ITROLLED BUILDING DEI-: S ITY A:'<D LAY -OUT, iVIA NCJI ESTER.

Protection would in a imilar wa.y be afforded to a comm rcial or industrial area ; it would not be penni sible for land in uch an area t o be used for any purpose which would be detrimental to th businesses or undertakings est ablished ther in . or oc upi ed t the detriment of industri al expansion. Generally, the principle is that land hould be put to the most convenient uses having regard to the r quirements of the district as a whole .


l0 1 JN(; . CE lERAL-- contin ucd

70

/mfi,•nnl /lt-n n! Plto!o Co . T YP ICAL ExAMPLE

Compensation

ancl bcllrnncnt

oF CoNTROLLED Bu! LDTNG DExsnv A:<:D L AY-OUT, M ANCllESTER.

In t he prep aration of a to vm planning scheme there m ay ari se qu stion of comp nsation owing to some restrictions as to the use of land and other matters, but the question of betterment, i .e., t he in creas d valu of land due to t he making of a town plannin g cheme, mu t ::tlso be taken into con ideration , and t he general opini on is held t hat by setting one claim against t he other beti:erment as ists in balan cing any claim for compensation. F or example, a local authority mi ght reasonably establish a claim :for betterment by t he provision of a publi c open space, t he permanent amenities so provided m aterially improving t he value of t he adj acent lan ds. It hould, however, be noted that cl aim for co mpensation cannot be sustained in relation t o provisions contained in a st atutory t own planning scheme approv d l1y t he i\Iinist r of Health, r gulating the space about buildings, OT of th ir height, or character, or limiting the mm1ber of buildings to be rectcd on a giv n area, or prov;swn which mi ght h ave been co ntained in bye-law ·, or arc similar to provisions in respect of which no compensation is payable under a general or local Act of P arli ament .


z

~I

(~.

~T~

' E RAL -

COJ/ItiiiiCd

7I Zoning generally must b exercised with care, and eYery int re t fully cons1dered in the framing of regulati ns. The rebuilding of towns is con t ant ly t aking pla e and unless t own plans ar prepared in conjunction with town planning hem s a repetition may occur of many of t h evils which town planning is designed to remedy or prevent . 'uch t own plru1s f r d velopecl area would provide for new street s and the im1 rovement of existing on s 路 presc ription of new building lines ; open spa es ; the siting of civic centres where such do not already exist ; r strictions as to heights of and space about buildings ; zon ing and other matters which may b n cessary t o bring any particular part or parts of th towns into ]Jroper relati onship and gen ral conYenience, or into archit ctural setting and harmon y, and fo r the im provement of the towns g nrrally .

PR OPOSE D ART Cr;lnRE, i\L\:-; C IIEST ER.

.1/nm/Jt路.slrr ( mforaliml .

t the p r sent time the Town I Ianning Act , rgzs, do s not apply t o the reg ulation of built-up ar as as such, and any town plan for develop .d a r as can only be prepared by agreement wit h th pe rsons interest ed, or under a special ct of I arli ament. N verthelc s, unless such town plans are prepa red , any town planning schemes for the adj acent unde,路eloped land must be prepared in isolation, and no co-ordinat e linking up with the main structure C3.11 re. ult.

Planning of hnilt -np ~reas


72

PROPOSED

Crvrc CE:\TRE, BoLTO:\ .

Trea tm ent of pa rli:lll ydcvc lopcd a reas

In many inst anc s, in dealing with semi-de,·elopcd areas, it will b f und that a change of u ~e r of land becomes de irablc . , uch may occur in r sp ct of a partially-built up residential a rea, t he further clevelor m nt of whi ch as uch has cea eel owing t o the development of aclj a ent lands for indu t rial purpose . uch an area, although its us is at pres n t residential, may wit h ad ,·antage be included in the industri al a r a where it is appa rent t hat such should be the proper form oi future development . It would only be suggested that such an a rea houlcl c ase t o be residential as and when redevelopment t ak s pla or the xpansion of the indu tri al underta kings warrant th chang of u er.

·conomy in concc n l ration oi lcve lopmc n t

con centrat ed form of cle,·elopment, whether industri al, r si l nti al, or business, is, gene rally speaking, preferable to a straggling g rowth, and mu ch more desirable as regards economy and conven ience. vVh r industrial un d rtakings are grouped t ogether economies an b · ffect ecl in the p rovision of railway sidings, industrial roads, pow r supply, and so for th. An excellent illu ·i:rat ion of this may be found in the development of t he Trafford P ark Est ates, Stretford, Iancl1f'ster. orne in du stri e. , however, rely upon special natural r so urces, and in such ca es gro uping t o any ext nt may not be prac ti cable.


r

G ' NER L- co11ti nueri

73

lmjh'r irrl A l路rin l l'hfJIO Co. ! NDl' STR ! AL DEVELOPMENT, TRAFFORD PAR K , STRETFORD.

Among the advant ages contin gellt to distinct forms oi development, whether for industrial or residential purposes, m ay be menti oned the following :E conomy of servi ce economy in transport and othe r ies for indu tri al undeliakings ; clearer atmosphere and facilit more plea ant surroundings in re idential areas ; provision of easily accessible and favourably situ ated ducation al and recreational facilities ; est abli hment of JV JC and busine s centres ; better provi ion for the m ntal recr ation or relaxation of the people in the fo rm of libraries, t heatres, conce rt halls, etc .

Advantages of disti nct forms of deve lopment

There exist :n the Region several towns and villages possessing much civic life and activit y, and which would form excellent n ucle i for desirable residenti al development, part icul arly as some of the e are already pro\ ided wi t h railway facili路i:i s, and easy approaches to m ain roads. , ome of the village , e pecially in t he sout h and so ut heast of the Region , arc Yery charming, and it is mo t desirable t hat t heir characte r should be retained, and not spoilt by the d velopment whi ch might take place.

uclc i of rcs icl n tial d w路 lopmcnt


ENJ!.J(

I .-contin ned

7-1Allenlion lo s urface geo logy

In cting zones, attention should be p aid to surface g ology, so that n luabl mineral l posit , or speci ally fertile land may b l ft fre for working, healt hy sub oils allotted for resid ntial purpo e and uitabl ground for hca,·y industri -·

Review oi existing conditions

From the foregoing remarks it will be appr ci at ed that any consid ration of zoning the Region for the purpose of regulating Inturc development and guiding such deYelopment on practical lines, r quires a Yery full re\'iew of existing conditions. A se riou difficulty in the wning of the R egion also arises from the on fig uration of the land.

P hysica l

The I gion , xcluding a 1 ortion on the south-ca t side, may ompared to an incomplet e sa ucerlike formation with a high, ont inuous edge, except where broken by valley , running roughly round t wo-thirds of the outside of the Region , from a point north north-w st and t hence cast and outh- a t to a point sonth-ea t the rem aining dgc of t he formati on on th we t , south-\\·est , and south b ing broken by the g neral fall of th e land to the valley of the River Ier ey . b

onsiderabl port ion of the north , eas!, and sout h-east part of t h Region are extremely hilly, in many inst ance with an alt itud ov r r,ooo :feet, and the abrupt cont nrs ent irely prohibit any attempt at zoning for building purposes . As already indicated , large tracts of this land are already nat ur:tl rese rves· in the nature of rough moorland, and se n · as gathering-grounds :for the water supplies of statutory und rtak r , and as nch they are nece sarily not available for devclopm nt . This incomplet saucc rlike :formation causes the flow of all trcam and wat rcour e into one main riYer, i .e., the Mer ey . The oui.lin map fa ing page 7 indi at es the drainage a rea of the Ri Yer '1 rs y and its tributaries :from and above a point at \iVarrington. An addit i nal feature of the Region is the extended finger-like formati on of n umerous ridg s of hi gher land, parti cularly in the north, which permit zo ning t o be attem.pi.ed only in th contiguous valleys.


.h Eh.Al.-colllillllcd

75

On the other hand, in the centre, the \\·est, the so ut h -we. t , and the south portions of th Region opposite characteristics are pr cnted in the nature of comparati,·ely flat land with c r·i:ain undulations. lVIu ch of the south and south-we. t po1iions of the R .gion arc sit uate on or in proximity to the great Che hi rc Plain, and few eli fficulti s a re likely to be encou ntered in determining th 1 cation of the land m ost suitable for effective zoning. Certain areas, of relativ ly small extent , in proximity to riv r and watercourses are li able to periodical Boeding, and will therefore ha, ·e to be excluded from any considerations of immed iate de\·elopme nt for building purposes; in fact, . uch a reas mi ght be reserved as op n belts of country at nominal outlay. The centre of the Region , and t he a rea imm cli ately adjacent thereto, is already highly de,·eloped , and , apart from social and rec rcati ve facilities, accommodates ve ry many industri al and commerci::tl ::tctiv·:ties. This highly de ,·eloped state of affair an he best c·mphasised lJy the fact that the clay population ,f lHa nc-hc. t er and alford alone is est imated a.t upwards of I , so,ooo p rsons. The p ortion of the l~egion lying to the north-west, notih, and cast of the central area is also de,·cloped, bnt in a lesser degr e than the central area, for industrial and commercial purposes . ::\Iany comparati\'ely brge t owns are situate in this p orti on of the R egion. The ma nufact ure of textiles (incl ucling woollen ). and relat cl industri es form the principal industries of the towns in t h n 1ih and east of the Region, whilst coal mining is one of the principal inclu tries of the western area. The south an 1 so uth-we t area is m a inly agricultural, with som fairly larg , but scatt reel, r siclcntial towns and villages . It h as been st at ed, with ome autho rity, that the R egion, tak n a a whole, constitutes th m ost hi gh ly clcYeloped commer ' ial a nd industrialised area of its size in th world. Th' fo ur principal industries and occupations carri d on in the Region, in nrcl r of, anci in relation to the number of persons em ployed, ar :-

Textiles . . Met::lls Commerce and Finance Transport

358,6ro persons empl oyed rsr,r8o " 130,040 " IOJ,640

"

Jndu slrial


Tn len ling with the ·h a ra te r zonin · of the Region the Committee hns t lwrdn re nnt att'rnpt' 1, at t his ta.o-c, to go b >yond the treatment

( r IhL l'h

1 1 t~· r

1.011 i ng

m bt au

lw;is

11 ly. Primnr •

l' nnsit.kmti n

Sll bj ect

otlwr t han

n a \' ' I'Y broa l ba is .

Tl i~ lParly of g reat importance to the \\·elfare of t he inhabitants )f i ht l~ l'g ion thnt omc lnrae t racts of land shou ld be kept free from lnildings. a n l r ervad for thl' raisin&' of food tuff for the vast pnpu latit n n.: ict ·nt with in t he Rcr!i n: for recrcati'i· purpo es : or as SJ al'cs wher ' rural ~lllTottndings arc obtainahle at ac c · ib1 ' distances fro m llll' brgc town . F uUv n~al i ·ing frnm the outset that :t "Tea portion of th H. 'rrion is nn indn trial on , primary c nsideration has been given to fut un~ tl ' wlopmcnt f r in lw;trbl 1 urpo::e::. and to -ecnrin n· economic, 01 1\'Cnien t. nncl prop'r c -relation of the ind ustrial a reas with those for ' mm.' r ial, re_ idcntial, rc re:t ional. 01· o her pmpo es . Parti ' Lhlr ' ndeu \'Om lw. - been din~c e towards proposils for . nc nt ration f future d vdnpmen ronnd c ntre already c· l"hli.::hcLl r p r posed. :mtl ::t pn~n~ntion of tbc \·ario u centr · bl' 'oming mcrgl d. thus Cl'l':ttinu hucre agalomcrations of btick and

the

m nr tar .

. \Hh uah the ommittc ·- propo. ·:tl.: are in outline only, and in th, nni n in li ute th' future d ,·elopment of tmde.-eloped area , e'i·e.ry e1T 1-t h a· been ccn red n the a.llccatiou of nch are - for pecific purp .e a nd a.ll 1 ·u authoritie are urged to proceed without delay wit h tht p1 p a.rai.i n f :ch m - of zoniuo- based upon the propo al in lic:-ttl'd on the Jar"' ::tl m ap accompanyin thi- repod . ~ ta il d z ning , affecti.na town and di- icls which have alr',u.ly tl.s·um l mmerci::tl and indtrtrial pects a nd where n.:-sidt>nlial and indu tria.l ~u·ea are o-m.inaled, i- e· entially a que tion for e,1ch loca l ·mthority. and mu::t b dealt \\ith by the preparation of •tailed scheme: of re-deYelopment. either indi,·idually or in ~onjun tion \\'ith the suauested statutory cheme· for decentrali eel

Tn \pplying zoni n.:r regulations to industrial area.., effort

h ould

IX' mtdc t rt-duc th(' p &-ibility of nui$3llces ari.:::i.ng from the emLsion of -:.mo-t'. and , as far<~~ po.:::sibl . for indu.:tries to be caiTiecl on \\-ithout 'n.•·tti.ng tmpi~..·:Lant nditions. The u· of electlicity and oth r nonofi't>n~iw fonns of heating. liglltina. and power .:::hould be enco uraged ,md r('qnir~d wheren~r po.::-ible.


·-"·Drainage ~,=_ =,.,.;,·~""·;...--§.§;;;:F~--

"·- · · rc--·

=••, ......

• L,\C OU·•-

.J"'"

...

WORT~

C~ '""'J l/l>un'.Nn71'~

/.vrtl J(Idh'"'l/.1' D~:.u11dhr~

Pan,P, fk.utdn,/'01":.•

R•produccd from the Ordnance Suruey Map, with the sanction nfthe Oontroller of H.M. Station ery Office.


ZO IN. ,

E ER L-continucd

77 T11E S;\10t\E NutSA)I CE.

Co\"TRI B TORY

DoMESTIC.

IXD USTR IAI....

AU ES.

Longmrtu's1 C~t•.·n f..... Co., l.omlou..

Aircraft Jlfauryacturiug· Co. Ltd., 1/cndon.


,\d opt ion ul sta ndard table of ~haracll' r Z011l'S

Tn ~ut v detailed zoni ng of an arl.'n, whd h 'I' 'mtroll ing the develop m ut of an und w lop d arctt or tht' 1 ~ l 'Wlt pment of a built-up a r a, th Committ ~ c nsi<h 1-s it le:-irahlt'. \\'h.~tt' \''1' possibl . t o adopt a ·tandard tabl' of 'hara tt'r zont·~ whkh nigh bl' < me n.p lica ble throuo-hout t he RLaion . . \ ceortlingly th' t.tllt nf ~h.u'\u;t 'r z nes on paO'' Jl ha been t.:nnsitl 'I'' 1 .md lP! n n•ti b~- tht' (ununittt't', and is r commend d to all h ··d amh ritil.'s .ts a ba~is mad rruidc.


zo

II'\G, GL 'ERAL-

COI/{ll/lf{'d

79 TA RLE OF CHAR ACTEn Zo.·Es.

Buildi11gs which may be erected without Council's

Zone

ron~c7lt-t.

I. - R cs id e n t ia l Spec:ia l. l Dwe llin g-hou se

Buildin!?S wMch may only be erected with Cou11cil"s

Buildings 120/ to be erected

COilSCII/

Residential bu il ding Shop Place of as embly School Special building

Inst itution Business prcmisc·s Industria l building Building for noxious industry

Shop Place of assembly School Institution Business premises Industrial building Special building

Building for noxious industry

Shop Business premi><'S Place of assem bl y

Dwelling-house R esidential b ui lding School r nstitntion Industrial building . pc:cial building

Building for noxious industry

In dustrial b uildin g Business premises

Dwelling-house Residential building Shop School Ins ti tution Place of asseml.Jiy Special building

Building fo r nnxious industry

V.- fn dustria.l Gene ra l . Industrial building Shop Business premises

Residen tial building Place of assembly Building for noxious industry Special build ing

Dwelling-house School Inst itution

f 1.-Residen tial Gene ral. Dwe llin g-bouse Residential building

fll. -Busin ess . .

I \'.-Industrial

~pec ial..

VI. -Undelermined

V1 f. -Agricultural

..

Dwelling- house R esident ial building

Shop Business pn·miscs Place of assembly School Insti t ution Industrial building Bni!di.ng for noxious in dustry ~ peci..al building

F arm dwelling-house Farm buildings of all kinds

Dwclling-hou<;e Residential building Shop Business prcmi es Place of a.Escmbly School Institution Factory or building necessary to the preparation for marketing purpo es of agricultural or horticultural produce Special building

Industria l building Building for noxious industry

• In all cases t he approval of plans by a local authority under local buildmg bye laws will be rcquirC'd.


Z Nl TG, GE TE R L- coutiwtcd

8o Definition oi classes of buildings

The definitions of the various clas es of building set out in the prec cling table of character zones are as follows :" Dwelling-house " means a house designed for use as a dwelling for a single family, together with such outbuildings as are ordinarily required to be used therewith. ' Re identiCil building" means any building, other than a dwelling-hou e, de io11ed for use for human habitation , together \\"ith uch O!Jtbuildine-s as are ordinarily required to be used therc\\路ith and includes a hotel and a residential club. ~hop" means a buildi ng designed for the purpose of carrying on retail trade.

Industrial building ' means a building designed for use as a factory or work hop within the meaning of the F acto ry and " 'orkshops Acts, rgor and 1907, and includes a warehouse . ' Building for noxious industry "means an imlustrial building designed for the pmpose of carrying on any industry mentioned in the schedule to the scheme. (NoTE.-Each scheme will contain a schedule of noxious industries.) ' Business premises ' me<U1s a building designed for use as an office or for other business purposes, not being a shop or industrial building. ' Place of assembly" means a building designed for use as a town hall, theatre, concert room, lecture hall, place of public worship, or other place of public assembly, whether used for purposes of gain or not, and includes a non-residential club. ' School ' means a building designed for use as a college or school. " Institution "means a building designed for use as a hospital, workhouse, asylum, or other public or charitable institution, other than a place of assembly or a school. " Special building " means a building designed for any use other than one of the uses for which the buildings herei nbefore defined are designed .


Z ~ IN<~ -contin u ed

I ND , TRIAL OR

Ol\1 lERCI L.

'.fhe industrialisation of the Region has creat d immen t ransport difficulties whi ch are incr a ing by reason of the rapid growth in the use of motor road v hicles. The road tran port in the main is considered to be of regional origin, and the volum or amo unt of local or internal transport connected with the ope ration (Jf the \'arious indu tries established in the I egion is not yet fully appreciated . The immediate need is for better fac ili ties for local or internal communication by road, more particularly in connection with th various branches of the textile and engineering industries and transport undertaki ngs.

J rn porta nee of impro\'ed road facilities

TRAFFIC Co:-.~GESTION CAUSED BY SLOW MOVING VEHICLES , MA:-.ICHESTER.

The traffic return t aken under th direction of the ommittee on the zznd June, rgzz, indicated that the area within a five mile radius of the centre of Manchester bears the heavie t proportion of the road traffic of the Region. According to this return, over 4r,ooo vehicles during a daylight period of rz hours entered and left, on main roads

Traffic congcs t.ion in central area of Hegion


2

TNG,

lNDL~

'Th.JAL OR

Ml\lER L\l.-colltillucd

'z

a us s of congestion

only, th ar a " -ithin a tw mil' radiu of 'aint nn s quar , :.\Ianche·t r. Thi return wa tak n on a normal week-day and at a time of n"tremc depr - ion in trade. It is estimat d that a traffic return taken now would reveal a 30 to 40 per cent . increa e on the ri ue qu ted. a nd bj rea on of th rapid growth of road tran port it is qui e probabl th increa e will reach roo per cent. by the y ar 1930. From hi~ "ill be aathered ome idea of th magnitude of the probl m hat ha- to be faced if facility of commmucation, upon which indu trial and commercial prosperity largely depend , i to be maintained and impro-ved-th improv ment and wide1ung of m ain roads and th provi ion of new ones . to cope with th increasing road traffic, mu t involve a larg xpenditure of publi money, much of which will b wa ted if not pent on a o-ordinat d plan of \YOrk a indicated herein. ar ful examina ·on of th atr e- of traffic conge tion re' eal that the _ a e of affai1.:: in the central area i due palily to the haphazard itin of mdu;;niaJ and commer ial premi e and to a lack of iTCcuJmll]hrnemr road facili ·es. and indicate that the locali ation of mdlllblbriiuull if':x-pnuiJL.qonrn m prede ennined area will a i t local authoritie m ~ \\\iiili lbrn.ffic mowment and in economically improving U1ID1!lcdl. Jfa11~e past the lack of control over the iting 101Jf IDJDcdi.I!DSrnuull. .J!lllllf:mll- -. and the growth of new re idential area. , llu;IDs liDif'lo.e. ··ttUIJ. ~~rlL :aurnd still nece itates, local authorities expending ~~ $UI1llllll5. todf pnnlbllic money in "idening and improving innumerable :s;tlmtte • mttlln•onmit eJffecti,·ely producing the facility of movement which IS nlll{)l\\\1 - I !1]1 n-.

m

U~IOJb

iimJ<dlmo11llli.;WJ

~

The Region in the main being an industrial one, the proposed ria! areas. as indicated on the large scale map, have been placed in conjunc ion with exi ting facilitie of communication by road. rail . or water, or where the arne can be provided, and the system of ·u gested arterial road i link d up with the proposals.

nod

Where public ervices already exi t, or can b made availa ble, has also been con idered, together with the que tion of direct communication \\ith main local c ntre , the Manchester hip Canal, he coast. and town out ide the Region. It i5 con idered that ample area allowance has been made for indu;;trial expan ion for a con iderable time to come, and the casual establi hment of industrial plants throughout th R egion, otherwi ·e han in the area indicated , should be discouraged.


3 It i most nece ary that industrial de\· •lopml(;nt !>hmdd fN properly regulated and economic co-ordination be!we~n ,u~h ar •as and the re iden ial areas secured.

Propo als for ontroJling ru-~vcloprw:-nt on {ktaill;'d lin' ~md the fixing of densitie otherwise han in a gcncml ~my ha* rwt h<~~:n attempted by the Committee, an'l the pmJJf.6ab indicated on ~bt<:: l•~r~e cale map arc in broad ou line only.

$!fill(.' l:16 ~~"'iil«k·U~i;d

Large tracts of Jand within the lu:~on are prc-cmsn'dcllllitly 'l>Uit~tM~: for the creation of new residen ial districts.. ln. imlk.atrPW' atr~%11: mainly for r idential use an endeanmr has ~et:n ~ ~1 R)lH~~-i~B~~ for a belt of open country Q separate th~ pm~d Jri~:$i~~~ i:atO .ulllld industrial areas. The linking up of the propc.1.5<f:'d re5idt-ntltru ar11:a~ ~~ott&~ exit no~ ;.ttn~~t

proposed means o[ communication Jbi4l!S aoo t.l'L'\f.:'tm QD'dlutDUr in formuJating the uggestions J[(Jr rlfSid4:'mitnaU tr~JrYa[Oif~U1l..-!t.

~r.·rtvllll:. iidl..~tn.~d

As a guide, the Commi ·tee su.ngg~tt lhl~JilUl">UIIDg l&.1llJ..;,.'JI·tt}* iim 11nub;;m ;;)llt\f::aJ."!i -hould no be permi ed 0 e::o::ceed an <tL~\((:'Jr•ug.e l)lj[ 12 lhtlf~ f;$ [If~ an~ gro - acre, and in nrral areas ..,. ]uJ()I~ i[(()l illh..'e: ~lf~ al(I'Jr~. Utm ~n~ application of detailed zoJill.inJg adjdi!Cle'lll[ it~; 'UJWllll :atJr~k~ t.'al: • ~\illlll :aur· ~~ probably where it will be ~D}· w WTa~ 1tThlli:: tdke·tlll'\'trtly funl.&ii~Ult~t<ll~ but i . coa.o:.idered ha: m llll()l ~ :;lbJI()l1!Dlld :at !OC"!n)$jj1!J' lb\1~ r~·amiiKff~~:·(.(ll exceeding 20 houses per gu:-o.» dllCll"e.

Ulll<ll••t~lt~ ~ll•t ::iitty


I E. 'JDE NTI L- contimted

-J. P ROCRE. .

or H

U l r G FRO~ l T il E Y EAR I 20.

E RECTE D

ABOUT 1820.

J/aucllt'sfer CtJrjJorntion .

.flttJtcln:stcr Cor)tJJ a !ion . ERECTED A BOUT 1 8 45.


ZONi t ,, RE IDENTTAL-co nli111tcd

5 PRO GR ESS OF H OUS ING-collti11ued .

A

J3ACK PASSAGE.

E RECTI::O ABOUT 1 870.

.1/rtudtcsli路r ('ruforttlitJJI,

.llfluc/lt'slt路r Corfwralinn.


r.

HE. rDE T[ AL-contimted

86 l' f{OCHE. S OF 110

I NG-contiuued .

,lfnndlt's!~:r

ERE TED .\ 13 UT Igq.

Crw)ornliou.


ZONI

PROGRE S OF HO SIX

, R '. IDE1 T IAL-contimted

contillued.

ERECTED ABOUT 1922.

Jlunrht'Sitrr,,rf, rrtlllw.

Ei<i::C'IED ABOUT 1922.

lhmck•l<rC<!rJ rnli"


ZO TN .-contimtcd

RECREATIO AL. N essily for provision of open spaces

It i g nc raJl ace pt d t o-day t hat t he provi ion of open sp aces a nc cs. ity ; pa rks . re rcation groun 1 , and play ing-fi lds cann ot b co nsid re 1 lux uries. but es enti aL. Th health c ntentment and onscq nent wo rking ca1 acity of a community, '" ry largely depend upon 'X r 1 and outdoor r cr ation part icularly in a large indu tri al a r a such a t hi , where by fa r the gr at r portion of workers are ompcll d to .p nd many hour a day in a clo e atmo phere ; and \\·h r there cxi t o many thickly-populated di strict , the provision of m an - for outdoor recreati n is of vital imp01iancc. J'i

The need of t he pcopl in r sp ct of playgrounds for chilclr n , pla)ing-fi ld f r thos wishing to take p01.ri. in game , and parks and re reation ground , wh re all can cure quiet and enj oym ent amid t plea ·ant ' UITounding.. is hown by the growing d -mand for such faciliti _. pen spaces can ther fo r

b

cla. silled a. follows :-

La rge I ark and r ervat ions. Recreation grounds or smaller park ll ay ing-fi ld or <tthlet ic grounds. mali p1aygroLmd for ch]clr n. Parlicu Iars of existing public opt• n spaces

Ther ;sin the R g·on approx·m at ely 5,000 acre. of land publidy own d , and used fo r purpo es of out door recreation . This land, conta in d in about soo sepa rat e open spaces may be classified as f ll ows :T otal N'lt1nbfr acres (r) Large parks and r s rvation of 5o acre and up wards in ext nt . . r ,goo I7 (2) R cr ation ground or small· r I arks over 5 acres (3) Playing-fi lds or athletic grotmd

5 acres

(4) mall playground for children

r6o

2,000

so

550

265

soo

over

The open spaces appear t o be fairly venly eli tributed throughout t h R gion , wh th · r taken as a whole or in particular group of t owns, a nd va ry from -~ acre to I 7 I acre in ext nt ; H eaton P ark, Manchester, b ing a n xcepti on . and containing an area of 6.~2 ac res .


z

L-contimtCd

8g Ten local authorities in the Region have not pro\ id d any public op n pace, and whilst the area of some of these local authoriti s may be situated within ca y access of moorlands or oth r op n coLmtry, it should be r cognised that pullic op n spac's or rec rea tion grounds are very de irable, and should be secured by all lo al authorities. The provision of mall playground. for

hildren does not app ar

to have receiv cl the att ntion necessar . Included und r it m (4) above there are only 9 playgr uncls under provided by 54 local authorities.

2

acres in ext nt, and

vVith regard t separate playing-fields wh th r or n t atta h cl to larger parks, these have only b en provicl d by 33 local authorities. T aking th total of 5,ooo acres of public own lla ncl LL cl for th purpose of recreation, including common lands, m moria] parks, t ., this means that for ev ry 6oo of the total por ulation of th R gion there is only one acre of 1 ublic own cl land for r cr ative purpos s. V/hil t this may be considered as not altog ther unsatisfactory in a Hegion such as thi. , there is still a gr at need for fmihr r open spa es, particularly so as population and building denlopmcnt incr as s. In addition to the open spaces referred to th re are many oth rs privately owned, such as golf courses, football and cri kct groun ls, tc. A number of playing-fields and recreation gr unds ha\' als b n provided by owner of industrial undertaking for the use of th ir employees, and cr dit is lue to uch own rs for helping to me t pre ent-clay n cl .

Erival" opc.n

space's

In th north and east of the R gion there arc many sq uar miles of moorland posses ing peculiar characteristic beau ty, ov r which th public have rights of way.

/\r as not likely to be built

Other large ar a of moorland, to the extent of about 140 squar mile , are publicly owned or 1 a eel, and used as gathering-grounds for water supplies. These areas cannot b considered a public op n spaces for recreation , but they s rve a very valuable purpo e. forming , together with the remainder of the moorlands, a great belt of ope n count ry between the heavily inclustriali cl areas of east Lancashi r and we t Y orkshir .

:Moorlands

In other parts of the Region there exist larg tracts of moss land of a total area of about 14 squ are mil s, which land, although of no usc

Moss land

upon


• tlltm I~~~'P 1; \\. fnrm.' \' 1ln d ll' "lwl'l ' " l r n.ir hn.nn l to th 111·i hlfllldl\" li ' trl.i :. I 11 'p 1lim~ d the:>' mt~.' land a r bing 1\' l,d 1W l HI t l1nlly. ~II\ l It nwllt intn u:;l' {or abri · ultural and hu1ii ~ultn1 1l pnrpt 't\ •

·nw

l, ~hm. ''mnH~I ho~:• &dtl tt~ I • ri 'h in. \' llands x pt in a f w he hir and we t , t rn '\ ·lmt Lt~tttt•d dktrkt,. ~~u·H ularh· in ·1 ·t l rb~~h.h· ', 1'mt

ll~11\ 111

{\~

n

L ,,, ~~~·tt>t-.ql

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ZO~ JTKr, ,

RE RE.\TT N. L-cvntimtcd

gr (2) The provision of open belts of country around towns, preventing

. traggling building growth, and providing ··tu na " or air h:umels between populated areas . (3) The pre ervation of the ntity and individuality of existing t owns by securing open land to form buffers " between towns. (4) The reservation of land in perpetuity for a.gricultw·al u es (farms, small holdings, et c.), to a ugment ce1iain food supplies fo r the adjacent densely-populated centres. It should be the aim of local authorities through all town planning schemes to include proposals for the provis :on of open space , an d . o avoid a repetition of the evils as ocia ted with over-deYelopment. Preventive measures are almost alway le costly than remedial measures, and the scheclnling of land at an early elate facilitat ·s ~mel stabili es ceLiain classe of de\·elopment adjacem to su h are:L<;.

Due regard must be paid to the proper relationship between the open spaces and the re ident ial and indu trial area , both r·xi ting and propo eel, and this has been carefully COILidered in the preparation of the advisory cheme. Every effoli should also be made to pre erve the exi ting amenities of a district. :Uany doughs, ravi ne , and other unprofitable lamb, by the provision of footpath , could be formed into narrow and beautiful parkways at liHie cost. The_e parkway- wou1cl enhance the value of snrronnding land and propeliies out of all proportion to the cost of acqu isition and maintenance oi the parkway·. The prese rvation of the banks of ri\·er. and trcams i::> -a matter worthy of much consideration. It is sugge ted that as wide a .trip of land as may be dee med reasonable, hould be pre~cn·ed from building upon. These strips of open pace would pro,·ide pi ·a ·ant walks, and would also form a mean of linking up the large park.. r open spaces. It is true that somf~ streams a re polluted, but a- thi may gradually be remedied in the future by the progre of indu_trial .. cience= any objection to the banks of 1i vers and treams lx:ina used for pleasure purposes will be overcome.

Pn.':Sf:·n·ation

of am•:nitits

Banks of ri\· ·r5 and s rtams


, R EC h.EATTON L-contimu:rl

F01mat.ion o拢 parkways

The Committee have express d the opinion that so far a is possible the parkways and stretche of open country should be linked up to form continuous pen belts, and so enable peopl , unharasse cl by mot r traffic, to walk for con iderable length through pleasant country, in t ad of b 路ing confined to short eli tances . In many ca~.es n v r-side reservations will serve this purpose.

Access to moorlands

The large ar as of moorland , previou ly referred to , in many case forming water-catchment ar as, contain a number of point of antage or of historical interest, and it is suggested that with suitable safegua rd provi ion might be made for public ace ss to such points in such ca~e wher permanent ri ghts of way do not already exi . t.

Ac(]u isilion of Reg ional open spaces

A list of large areas of land which appear to be very suit able for future acqui ition Jor public open space purposes h as been prepared, and is included herein. In any future consideration of acquisition and maintenance of large areas of land for regional public open space purpose . it appear necessary that regard should be paid to the d gree of benefit or acce ibility of a particular open space to the inhabitant of a district or decentrali ed area as a whole. vVhere a regional open pac xtend into the area of two or more decentrali eel area committee , con ideration \\ill also r quire to be given to adju tment b tw en th areas concerned.

Agricultural r ' servalions

ome of the land indicated on the la rge scale map , and which it is suggested should be kept open may be considered to be in the nature f zon ing for agricultural purpo e , whilst other land is unsuitable for buil hng purpose . The e area are shown , as t hey have a direct bearing up n the principle underlying the subj ect of the provision of open spaces . It i not suggested that all thi agricultu ral land should at any tim be secur d for the purposes of p ark , upon which large sums of public money would need to be exp nd d.

onsiderable areas of land could be retained in perpetuity for agri cultural u e by the payment of compensation to owners for loss of any value as between agricultural and building value. The res 路 rvation of uit able agricultural belt should not be so costly as ' ould at first appear to be the case, as very con idera ble areas of land within the Region ha v little value in excess of an agricultnral one.


, RE

l~EATI

. L-crmhmtcd

93

By thi s means several purposes would b se rved , including the provision of belts of open country, or " lungs," around or betwee n towns , and the production of food at a reasonable distance from the local markets. 路whilst it is not possible in a regional cheme prepared in broad outline to indicat e the posit10n or area of small open spac s suc h as re creation grounds and playing-fields, ithe r necessa ry at th present time for existing development or in expect ation of future development, the Committee have giv n expression to the following opini ons :(a) That as a minim~tm one acre of open spac sho uld b provided in areas to be set ap路=trt for future residenti al purposes, for say, every 500 persons. (b) That as a general principle small op n spaces for

hild recreation should be locat d not furth r t han half a mile apart.

(c) That if possible larger open sp aces for usc by all clas es of people, and containing full recreali ve faci lities for adults and childr n , should be equally di stributed throughout a district in positions easy of access. (d) That small open spaces at convenient distances apa1i be

reserved in connection with arranging sites for future schools, arrangements of this kind being mutually ad vantageou from the view of education, recreati on, and control . It is also suggested that in future development there should be a children' playground within a quarter of a mile of every house and larger playing-fields or recreation grounds within one mile.

The following is the list , previously referred to , of larg. areas of land which appear to be very suitable for r gional parldands :Where sit1tate. winton and P ndlebury U.D. alford .B. Eccles l\I.B.

J Swinton Park vVardley Park . .

l ..

..

..

P ortions of P ark sw-row1ding Worsley Old and ew H alls Broad Oak Park, Worsley . .

) Worsley

.D.

Provision f open spaces. Genera l policy


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nt

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1 l ru;t,rich L' .1 . 1~

Part n-u1 n-lr\\"dl H.l .

\ 'in. 1,ml ,~. l\trk and adj 1inincr hntl:' . ' l ark and Jd ) ~.u. will l ,trk. with n 'it-oh- f .1sht n-in-~l k rlield C .D. h~:mrin,~ \ · l )tls ,md lands ~~~n¥<~ntt'

~olbome

1\trk ·md l.m l adj ining

. ._ ·re,\4~\lrJt L1 •

l' .

:.J \\ on-in-2.Iaker.field C.D .

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r

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.. ..

.. ..

II

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CCJBL

1C.!Dt ll'1Iu::>ili\\\liirl!n !Q..JD)..


ZO;\ L rc RE

RJ~AI

I .. AL- crmtimJed

95

Abney H all Ground , Bruntwood 1 Cheadle and Gatley H all Ground ,and Can··wood J ~Ianche ter C.B.

·.u.

:\Iottram H all Grounds . . Adlington H all Grounds land adjoining Taxal Valley and Park

and

P oynton Park Grounds

r

:\faccle field R.D.

) _1 )laccle ·field R.D. 1 Hazel Grove and Bramhall LU.

J )laccle-field R.D. I Disley R.D. Tattoo H all Park with adjoining land , including Tatton :Mere

Bucklow R.D. Knu ford C.D.

Dunham P ark . . \Yvthenshawe Park :\Iobberley _~ew Hall Park :Mere H all Park, includinu the . Buchlow R.D. l!Iere . . gden Park H igh Legh Park Norcliffe Hall Park .. Lymm Lane, The Bong-, and Woodlands known as •• The Gorse"

I

L_rmm L".D. Bl!llC:hli()JW R..D.

There are also numerous doughs annd iilm.e baumks ~.ll! ri~·~eB <llJllld streams which are uitable for resenra ion.


Z

N l ~ ~. l~ l ~C I U:. \TJO NA J.-co ntinued

l)6 :-\TRY

S

GRAPPEXHALL, :>lEAR

OLD STOC KS AND CROSS,

'E :-..11':

路w i\RRIKGTOX.

LYM ~ I , CHES HIRE .

Birtla, II ~arriugtmt .


97 COUN TRY

THE PooL,

Du:-:H.ur

CE~ES-nmtmue:d.

OLD PARK, :-;EAR .\LTR 路cH.ur.


7 Nl t; ,

l\l •: C l\l ~ .\'1'10

.\1

" 0 1/f iII lt L'd

t' l ' I I .

ll1Jit.

~t'F :\

'flO (( lLJOoQ

ES

·o11li11tted.

.II!. &JLlf~lL •


ZO. I (;, RJ<.

99 0

NTRY S 'ENES

tollilllllcrl.

HEALEY DELL, RoCHDAL!t •

•~.. AE~tJAL VtE \' oY BuXTON.

' J~E ,\ T JO

1\L-conlinued


roo

Part V.- PLACES OF HISTORI C INTEREST. l'n!hisloric anti hi sto ri c monum ~: n

ts

Til r i h in pr hi t ri ·1nd hi toric m onuments of all pcrion . 'cntt rc l v r th. Rc!!ion are prehi toric earthworks a nd I uri·tl 1la ·cs, th ' , uryi\· rs of a larg ~ number which, n o doubt, form ' rly t'xist 'd and 1Mw b' n ·!eared away for building or other operations. n 1 uct n :.\I r. near M 1 y, r ,roo feet above ea level, there i· ·t prchi:-;torie hill-ftrtn::' kn wn as uct n astle . At ewt on-inlakt.•rli '1 tht'l ' is lS.tl\' HilL a mound and moat fortress, and there is a ~imi11r e 1rthw rk \\-ith th am n am ~ at a t leton, R ochdale. 'h · u~h mt till' hilly part of th Region there a re standing ton uf run) t' .ul iquity ,md isput ,d origin , as the Bow tones, faccl :field

Pnral I is ri' : R obi n Hood l)i cking I gs, Luchvorth ; and Chetham

'1 :; ', Tm n. l hu' 1 also n f w hom tead m at ome pos ibly prehi toric, oth't'S .\ n~,lo- '-rx n. and man' of much later date, m ade to p rotect th' h U' 'S 'ncl sed b · th m from robber and for the more pro aic f .upplyina 11 h. Ollhlll

f R nnn builclin th r ·u till a few " tiae left at Ca tlefield, in :\hn 'h _t'r. but th mor int r ti.ng r main of the R oman ccup-1 i n th·r <Uld at \'i'arrin!!t: n mu t be ouaht in mu etm1. . t 'astlesh \\\', in el h. and J\I ~landra a tle Glo op Dale there are rt>m 1in' of f rts e1 t d by th R man and on the we tern lope of Rl,\ ks one Ed5 there i a portion of an ancient paYed road which i usu 1lly re uded as beiua R man.

\n.!lo-.' ~

. tllOU"'h w 1pons, omam nt' <md other articl - of . 1alo- axon worlk h:an• k-en foun in many art· of the Re~on . there are no ICIOJ!Illltll:"mplJIJr.uy buuildi - rema.inino-. Probably ·orne of the earthwork

l

lb ]<o' ,.,. <() lrh;c .\n..)o- xou period. and there ar pre-. ~orman cro e .m<dl. <o,il::lht<t·n:-.:. ·unaptaured :. one· at Bolton. E ccle5. \Yim,ick, H ope, and \W'l]JJ;aill:e'.F JBrrii • In the fabri - o ~e,·eral chur he- ha,·e been found llir.:lJb"'11llllf:llll11.:. <o,JI -~o- a..'l::on wor ·. CJ!nlllllitdlrlt · aun4l ICl!n~UlP•dl~

lllue ~!Olllll iis, fietl]ciien iu mona:. ·c buildin H' JPUurifillu. tdlnllJIJI\C:lbxes. m< y n-ebnil or restored. ye .till r tainina th jpllaum ,aunxifi md <OJH' ttllThe W@Jrlli: oi be middle aees.


PLA E.

F HI TORI

I

TEH~ . "T-co nt11111ed

JOI

Parish churches in the strict sense were not numerous in the Region until the rgth century, but some of the parochial chapels, now become parish churches, are o:f considerable age and interest, as arc several of the chapels erected by nonconformists in the \路cry early c.l<tys o:f dissent, as, for example,

howbent, Platt, 1\I::m chester, and

hinlcy.

(l!ADKIRK (!lAPEL, :-;EAR ROMILEY, (!IESIIIRE.

The Region contains a large proportion of the comparatively few existing black-and-white churches and chapels. Chadkirk, Denton, Marton, Siddington, and Warburton all having the outward appearance of the timber-framed building in part or in whole, but in several of them t he appearance is deceptive.

Chur h< 路s and Chapc路ls.


PL

E

F IIIST Rl

I TTEHJ.._ ' T -collli1111ed

I02

\Y AR13URTO:-.I OLD CJIIJRCII, CHESHIRE.

!\ ncicn l

cas lies

Ardt•m, Lymm.

ncient castle a re few. Radcliffe Tower is a mere fragment, and th medireval portion of Turton Tower is incorporat ed \\ith a later building. I erhap the finest example remaining i the rzth c ntury castle which gi,·es it nnme to Castleton, in Derbyshire.

TURTON TowER, NEAR BOLT0:-.1.


PL

E

F HI TORI

I TE E T -coutimtcd

I03

PEVERIL CASTLE AND CAVED.\LE, CASTLET0:-.1, DERIJ\'511/RE .

It is in example of dome tic archit ture that tlw H_pgion is rich st.

ntil quite modern times ston predominated as th 1 nilding m ateri al in the hilly districts, where the material could b quarried ea ily, while in the plain the usual material w r timber and daub, a combination which gave us the pictur qu "Black and vVhite,' which wa once uniYersal, and is still characteristic of the more level portions of Lanca hire and Cheshire. In som cases the timb r frame was on a stone or brick foundation. Quite often th mall r dwellings were grouped in "folds," or "fowts," an arrangement that made for safety and neighbourliness. The oldest dome tic building in Manchester i of stone. Thi is Chetham's Hospital, built in the 15th century as the re idencc of th college of clergy, who se rved the oil giate Church near by, now the athedral. After many fluctuations of fortune it fell into th hands of the trustees of the charitable Humphrey h tham in the 17th century. It was then in decay, but the tru te having mad it fit for the habitation f boys and books, it still r main one o:f l\Ianch tcr most treasured possessions. Yet so much is it obscured by adjoining buildings that it is practically unknown to the pass r-by. It is p rhaps not too late to restore hetham's olleg to ome of its proper environment, and it would be a great impro,·ement, worthy of th City of Manchester, to remove the buildings imm diately adjo ining, particularly those overlooking the River Irwell.

Dom •s ti c buildin gs


PL

E

r

HI 'TOHI

INTERE 'T-couti1mccl

IO..J-

l\1 ANCHESTER Ci\TIIEDRAL.

.1/auclu!slt.•J Curuduzu


PL.-\. E .'

F HISTORI ~ I ThRK' T-cQutinllt d

Til E PARI S II (IIURCII, R OC II DALE,

Ct~rlo,

A'ru路ltdnlt路.

Old houses in the centre of Mancheste r arc very few in number, and ha,路e got fewer in recent years by the d molition of uch well-known buildings as the "Seven tars " and the " Po t's Corner." At Gawsworth , Knutsford , l'viiddleton , Stockport , 路w arringt on, an l Prestbury, and, indeed , in mo t of th other t owns and vill ages, th re remain old houses and old inns, and here and there is an old mill , as at Nether Alderley.

Throughout the Region there are m<my " H alls," which whether built of stone or timber-framed are usually comfortable-looking houses, of comparatively small siz , reminiscent of the fact that Lancashir and Che hire and Derbyshire in the old days w rc divided into rath r small estate , which afforded comfort but not lu xury to their own rs.

l\Iany of these old Halls haYc fallen somewhat in social status-some have been enlarg d or partly rebuilt, and in some ca c only a portion remains.

O ld houses,

e tc.

I falls


PLA E

OF HI T RI

I TERES1 -cont拢nued

ro6

Trm

BARLEY

Mow Ixx,

\ VARRINGT0::-1.

Amongst the nwre int 路 resting Hall may be n amed Agecroft, the home of the Langleys and Datmteseys; \iVardley, locally known as the " skull house ' from its housing a human skull, which, 1f we may believe tradition, has succes fully resisted all efforts to remove it ; Worsl y Old H all; Clayton H all, where Humphrey Chetham di ed; rdsall H all , where the gallant and lmightly family of Radcliffe live d for g n rat ions ; Kenyon P el H all ; A tley H all ; Smithills H all, where th r is a ' bloody footst p ," tradition ally of miraculous origin ; H all i' th' \~Tood, where Crompton invented the spinning mule, and now a public rou eurn ; Great Lev r H all ; Tonge H all ; Kersal H all and Kersal ell, the latter the country home of Dr. J ohn Byrom , st cnograph r, poet, and J acobite 路 lade H all, which was owned and o upied by th , iddalls for over 300 years ; Braman H all, considered one of the finest examples of black-and-white in England ; Hough End H all, an early exampl for this district of a brick-built house, whi ch has recently escaped destruction ; Adlington H all ; Ford H all, where the "Apostle of the Peak " li,路ed ; Marple H all ; Tabley Old Hall ; Bew ey H all, Warrington ; and others.


PLA E. OF ITTSTOl<T

107

VVARDLEY HALL, WORSLEY, LANCASHIRE.

\ \ ' QRSLEY OLD HALL,

V,

ORSLEY, LA:->CA S JJ!RE,

I TEREST- ronltJ/1({'{1


PL

E

OF HI TORIC I TEREST-contimuul

r o8

AST LE Y liALl, (II O RLEY.

BRAMALl llALL, BRAMHALL.


PLA E.

F HL"T HlC L "TErm 'T -continued

rog

HouGH E:-:o H.uL, :\L>...."CIIESTER.

H.1u..

1'

rs' \\'ooo, BoLTO"-


P A

[~S

OF 11 L' TORlC

l0/TEl~E~T-coll!in11cd

IIO

Beside thcs ', thc r , arc omc

man~i

ns of the ]argc lando wners,

usually built in the r th century on the ite of a humbler ance tral d\\' lling.

None of these is a famous how-place like Cha ts路worth, over

the south rn border of the Region , but _cve ral ar well-known, as, for xamplc : Lyme Hall scat of Lord Newton ; Alderley P ark, sea t of Lord the I ndustrial buildings

ta.nley of

ld rlcy ; and H eaton Pa rk , now the property of

ity of i\Ianchestcr. Th staple trade of the Reg ion i sca rcely old enou gh to ha,-

pro luc d any building that an be termed ancient, but the re arc a fc\\' ,路cnerable mill belonging to the early clay of the cotton indu try ; in the hatt ing districts there ar building who e shape and size arc du to their purpose in hatmaking, and there are old corn mills still stand ing. The first pa ' treet, Manchester.

~c ngcr

railway station still exists in \iVater

TilE FIRST RALLWAY PASSE!\GEn

TATlON IN THE REGION,

V\"ATEn STnEET, MANCHESTER.


PL

E.

F HISTORI

I TERE.'T- co路ntin'/((:d

III

It may be mentioned that the Region includes at least three arly attC'mpts at town planning, though more attention wa paid to harmony in the architecture than to the many other con iderat ion that nt r into pr ent day town planning. Towards the end of the r th centu ry the D uke of Devonshire deci ded to mak his Derby hir spa of Buxton into a rival of Bath, and he and hi succe sors k pt so clos a control over the outward appearanc of its building and planted so xten. iv'ly that they may be sai d to ha\'e made th town on a very definite plan. At F airfield the religious society of l\[orav:ians built a villag , and at Worsley the first Earl of Ellesmere sec ured to the village that "black-and-white " appearance which was once its most striking characteristic.

Early town planning

As indicated, a \'Cry large number of historic buildings and plac's of historical interest or natural beauty exi t within the Region, some of which are considered by the r sp ctive Group ub- ommitt 路 as worthy of preservation. Also, consideration has been given to such buildings or places whose historic interest is either national or local, or for th ir association with some noted celebtity , as well as for their a~sth tic value. ome of the buildings constitute t yp ical examples of th work of different periods, and are , 路aluable from an educational aspect, act ual examples affording much better instruction than any other means. Defmite action, to ecure the preservation of anci nt or historic buildings or places, will require to be taken by the respectn local authoriti s or decentralised area committees in the promotion of statutory town planning schemes. In some special in tances the preservation of cetiain buildings might become a question for consideration by the r constituted Joint Advisory Committee a affecting the Region as a whole. nder the Ancient Monuments ct, 1913, certain monuments within the Region have been scheduled, and others have be n recommended for scheduling by the Ancient Monuments ommitt es of the cotmties concern d. The scheduling of an ancient monument limits the owner's power of dealing with it, a fact thai. has to be taken into account in town planning schemes.

An ci 路nl Monuments Act


PL CE. _

J7 HI T RI

l TE RE " f -contin ued

II 2

In a ldition to th plac 'S and buildings mention d, the following a 路hort list of some other hi. torical places and buildings in the n cgion :-1s

Birchl y H all

Billinge

.D.

Ye Olde Man and 'cythe Inn .. Bolton C.B. Arden H all } Bred bury and Goyt Hall

I~omilcy

U .D.

Peel H all and Moa t Dunham Old Hall . _ wineyard H all

Bucklow RD.

\ ythenshawe H all Baguley Hall .. Bradshaw H all and Gateway Rooschdyke

J

headle Mo_eley H all Dukinfield Old H all Monks H all ite of

t. John'

1 hapel-en-le-Frith RD.

headle and Gatley .. Dukinficld 1\lf. B. Eccles lVI.R

Church

.D.

Knut ford U.D.

L\mnl Hall

Lymm U.D.

)fo ram Hall

Gawsworth Rectory Ga\\-worth Old Hall Pia

Hall ..

.Jiaccle field RD. . . Manchester C.B.

Old Boar路 Head Inn

Middleton M.B .

..1\ewton Hall Bull' Head Inn

Icwton-in-Makerlield U.D. Salford C.B.

The Plague

.' tretford

tone

Barley i\Iow Inn , ankey Old Hall Bradley Hall Bruche H all

ate way

'tand Old Hall K mpnough Hall The I acket H ouse ..

.D.

}

Warrington C.B.

1 J

Warrington RD. Whitefield U.D.

J Worsley

.D .


PLACES OF HL TOh IC JNTERE T -continued

li3

GA\\'5\\'0RTII OLD ] fALL, NEIIR MIICCLES I'IELD.


114 Part VI. - MINING AREAS. Coal mines

From the late t return avail abl there are 237 coal min located \\ithin the h.cuion. It i r <Yr tted that efforts made to obtain from mincnl O\nters and le e pa rticular of the pr ci e areas from which the coal ha 路 been and i bcin<Y obtain d has met with a negligible re::::ponse.

encral drscri plion of the L ancashire coalfield

ertain genera! patiicul ar of the coal a rea arc available, and with the permi.::-ion of Hi :i\Iaje ty t ationery Office the following in' ere.:tin<Y informa ion i extracted from reports of the Departm -nt of ~cientific and ln du trial R earch on the Lanca hire Coalfi ld :Th Lanca hire Coalfield, which is triangular in shape, with an area of 217 quare miles of xposed Coal Measures, has it apex four mile north of Burnley and it ba e between t alybridge on t he eat and Prescot on t he we t. E ast of Manchest er it extend in a narrow trip southward past t ockport to l\Iacclcsfield, thu connecting with the Chc hire Coalfield . outh of the L ancashire Coalfield and over the Che hire plain there extend a hm路ied coalfield of路 which the tructurc and depth are tmknown. The aYailable re ou rces of the proved coalfield have been -rima ed at +2-1-0 million tons. The Lower Coal 1Iea ure bord r the Burnley Coalfield , and on 'he eastern {:nd connect that of Burnley with the outh Lancashire Coalfield ea t of tockpori:. They appear at intervals along the we t ide of the Lancashire Coalfield to near Prescot, and are al o introduced by faulting within the Millstone Grit area of the Ro endale Anticline. The Lower Coal Measures contain two or more important s am of coal which, together with the associated valuable firelay , rend r the subdivision of more than usual importance. A rcserv approaching rgo million tons of easily reached coal is attribut d to these seams . Tlw chief part of the coalfi ld i oal Measures. Information obtained 'Xi t nee of numerou and powedul district. into bl ocks, and rendering th

composed of the Middle in mining has proved the faults , breaking up the correlation of the coals an


MI I G

RE . -CO'IItimtcd

IIS exceptionally di fficult t ask. Viewing the coalfield as a whol , the Middle Coal Meas ures occupy three areas :(r) The outh Lancashi re Coalfield, s parated from that of Burnley by the Rossendale Ant iclin ; (2) The Burnley Coalfield ; (3) The Manchest er Coalfield . E xcluding the faulted inlier form ing the :Manchester oalficld, a coal generaUy known as the " Arley " is taken as the base of the Middle Coal 1easures . The ili-lcy seam occupies an important po it ion in the Lancashire Coalfield, over the gr at er part of which it has b en proved t o exist. vVhile lmown generally by this name, the seam in some localit ies receives other names, such as t he Orrell F our F et, 路 Royley (Oldham), Little Delf (St . Helens), Ridacre or Rcdacre (Poynton), Dogshaw (Bury ). In th Burnley oalfi.eld it is variously knovrn as t he Arley, F ulledge Main, H ab rgham Min , and Marsden F our Feet . The well--marked charact eristics and consistency of t he oal render it valuable as a geological hori zon . As mention d , th seam i tak n as the base of t he Middle Coal Measures. The depth to the seam varies in di ffe rent parts of the field . The most shallovv workings are in the south-west near Prescot and in the north-east ncar Bumley, these depths being about 400 and 280 yards respecti' ely . Proceeding in wards towards Wi gan , from these two points t he depth gradually increases, reaching about 700 yards in t he Wi gan area . F rom Wigan, in a sout h-easterly directi on , t he seam occurs at a fai rly constant depth ; t his, hovvever , gradually inc reases tmtil, in the Pendleton area, a depth of over r ,ooo yards is reached . The seam maintains an average thickness of three to four feet , with local increases up to six feet. The coal itself is fairly strong, black, and lustrous. The mean density is about r 路24 and t he weight of one cubic foot about 78lbs. In character it is a bit uminous, strongly coking coal , and is widely employ d for gas making. It is al o largely used in Lancashire for steam raising, manufacturing, and household purposes .

Particulars rclaling Lo lhe Arley s am. Deplh, thickn ess, etc.


II6 Particu lars re lating to the Ravine scam. Depth, thickness, etc.

The R a' ine, Rav in , or R aven s am is also recognised over a la rge ar a of the outh Lancashire Coalfield, but it. has not been work d to the ame xt nt as other scams. The rea on for this a re that the eam vari gr atly in compo ition , and frequ ntly be omes much split up by dirt parting and band of hale ; also it shows marked tenden i s to undergo spontancou ignition in the goaf. Although generally known as the R a\ 路ne, the s am in some localitie r ceives other n ame - Plodder (Worsley eli trict), Bickershaw ix F e t, Hindley Gr en Six F eet, Flaggy DeH ( t. Helens district ). It i recogni eel as occurring over an area bounded by Pr cot in the west, R adcliffe in the east, and Chorley in the north. The seam probably exists along the ea. tern margin of th outh Lanca hire Coalfield and in the Burnley Coalfield, but it corr lation is at present uncertain. The R avine Mine lies at varying eli tance above the Arley Mine. Over a large area of the western part of the coalfield, extending from t. Helens to north of \iVigan, t he distance varies between 500 and 300 feet ; in the neighbourhood of Leigh the seams are about I50 feet apart ; and in the 'Nor ley area about 350 feet. eams occurring between the Ravine coal and the rley are also being examined . Physically the Ravine 1\>Iine is chiefly characterised by its variability in composition, owing to the multiplication and increase in thickness of the associated dirt partings and bands of shale and the frequ ntly corre poncling increa eel inferiority of th coal substance itself. In the extreme ea. t of t he area in which it ha been proved to ex ist this development become so marked a to rend r the am unworkable ; out of a total workable thickness of five feet ther is g nerally only one foot of good quality coal, the remainder being compo eel of inferior dirty coals and shales. Proceedin g "' stward, th scam improv s in quality and value, and is generally work d. It is at its best towards the centre of the 01.1th Lancashire Coalfield ; out of a total workable thickness of six feet there are generally four-and-a-half to five feet of good quality coal.


RE

-

CO'II!ili1!Cd

IIj

Tracing the mi11e still further in the westerly dir ction, the partings become more numerous and increase in thickne s, and the seam begins to deteri orate in quality until it b comes worth] ss, and is known as the Rubbishy Mine. n idcrab1e variation is also noticeable if the sea m is traced northwards from Pre_cot ia the west, but nowhere in this area d es th mine xhibit the satisfactory developm nt found in the Bickershaw district. Th seam begins to thil1 out towards harley and becomes unworkable. The coal it elf is fairly strong and lustrous ; it is sli ghtly dull er than the Arley coal in appearan\..e. The specific gravity is about r·3 anfl the \\"eight of one cubic foot ::tbou·l: 8zlbs. It is a bituminous , coking coal, and is employed for gas making, manufacturing, and household purposes. The presence of workable coal measures m the R gion · ha undou bteclly clone m uch to influence industrial xpans10n. On the other hand the control of the. sm face user of land and the development of land in the areas of many lccal authorities is considerably hampered by the uncertainty arising {rom subsid r:c due to the vvorking of minerals. Also by reason of the interlac ing of numerous mineral railways, the fo rmation of spoi l heaps, and ar as under flood and liable to flooding, the economic cle,·clopmeiri: of considerable area of land is placed beyond consideration at the present time. In this connection the Committee has made representa·l:ions to His lVIaje ty's GoYernment, an d written and oral evidence has been given before the Royal Commission on Mining ubside1~ce . It is hoped the findings of the Royal Commission will indicate the direction in which some gre:',i.er measu re of control by 1 cal authorities of the s urfa e utilisation of land subject to subsidence may be given, ar.. d facilities offered whereby local authorities may obtain informat ion as to existing, proposed, and prospecti' e mining areas. ·a far there is li tl:b evidence of willingness on the part of min ral owners and lessees to co-operate with and assist the ommitt e in the preparation of an advisory regional scheme in so far as s-cch co-operation wm1ld involve the disclosure of pre_ent and futur working , thereby enabling the Committee usefully to indicate surface utili ation of land li able to sub idence.

Th e influence of coal mining in indu strial •xpansion and lhc surracu uti I isalion of land

E\'.idcncc given lo Royal ommi ssion on nlining Subsi clt: ncc

Co -opcral ion or mineral owners and lessees necessary


H.EA. -colilimteri

n8 In the promotion of st atutory town planning schemes an opportunity of obtaining the vi ws of min ral owner and 1 see on any proposal hould pre~cnt it elf when the preliminary tat ment of the major proposal und r a cheme i submitted to the persons intere t ed and th Ministry of H ealth , and po ibly ag re ment may th n be ani" d at as to the mo t suitabl surface u e of land li able t sub idence clue to mineral 路working. Zoni11g of area liable lo su bsidcnce

Local authoritie ar recommended to pay particular attenti on to th zoning of areas li able to ubsid nee clue to mineral working, a urface deYelopment of u h area often involve a local a uthority in heavy xpenclitur in the provi ion and maintaining of c~s ntinl public buildings and ervices . By a tatutory town planning cheme building d \路elopment may be suitably controlled , and a a general principle such cleYclopment hould b discouraged on ar as liable to sub icl nee, and, if nece ar ', h~ supplementary zoning, building p rmitted when the land is at res t.


MA CHESTER &DISTRICT REGIONAL SCI--IEME

REFERENCE COAL-MEASURES SANDSTONE MILLSTONE GRIT

MARL SHALE LIMESTONE 1 #.ii!li!_

Scale if A!iles 1.

2

.3.

4

• • • • • •

6.


c.


. Ill IN

RF.

II9 THE EFFECT OF

UBSlDE:\f E D E TO

OAL 1\Il:-<ING.

FLOODING OF HOUSES.

EXTEKSION OF A FLOODED AREA ACROSS A MAIN H.OAD.

L eig-li j oumal, Lnm路s.

- colllimted


I2

Part VII.- PUBLIC UTI LITY SERVICES. Existing services opcraling within lhe Region

Within the R gion ther are IO..J. loci! authorities (excluding tl1c four ounty ounciL of Lanca hire, hcshire, Derbyshire and York hire (We t Riding), which arc not town planning authorities); 26 statutory autho ri ties fo r th . upply of water; 5 for the snpply of gas; 42 for the supply of eJ ctricity; 97 for main drai11agc and sewage disposal ; and 23 op rating tram or 'bus services . These st at istics indi ate how interdep ndent the various local authoriti es are for certain ssentiil public services, and also ho\\ the activities of the larger undertak rs sp read ov r very con.iderable areas . In tl1e uggcst d d c ntralisation of the Regi n into a series of new groups for the promotion of statutory town planning schemes attention has been paid to areas of upply of various publics rvices, as these service ar of paramount importance in deciding upon the lmes of future clevelopm nt.

Particulars of rarious scrvi..:rs

On the following pages are giYen outline maps and statistics as to various public utility sen-ices. The e maps and statistics have been compiled, ann as far as possibl brought up to date, from information supplied by local authoritie and others i.o the Committee, and arc included in this report in order that the fulle t information may be readily available a to the areas of upply of the various public utility services throughout the Region. WATER.

'Vater

The map (facing page

122)

indicates i.he various areas of supply.

St!J \ 路 ic i.!S

INatnre o( Suppl\' latutory

路ndc n akcrs

Area of Supply 1

Ashlon-in-l\Iakerfield U.D.C.

Ash!on-in-Mal;erficld U.D .

r\sh!on -uncl er-Lyne, Stalybridge. Dukinfi ld (District) \Vat er Works ] oint Board

.\shton-undcr-Lrn c l\LD. Hmst U.D. Duldnftcld :\LB . . lalyb1;tlge i\I.B. l\Iosslcv l\I.B. Audcnshaw F.D. Satldlc\\"Orth 路.D. (part) Springhcad U.D. (pari 1 Limchursl R.D. (part)

Bacup Corporation

Dacup :i\l.B. (pan)

Bulk and Detail, unless stated otherwise


P BLI

TILITY . Eh. \'I E -conti11ucd

I2 [ \V ATER-COIIIilliiCd

1\a t ure ol Supply

1

Statutory Undertakers

An路a ol Supply

Bu!k and Detail, unl ess stated otherwise

I J31 ackrod u.n.c.

. ..

Bl:.!ckroc! U.D. Adlington U.n. Horwich U.D . vVi gan H.. D. (parl)

Boll inglon U.D.C ....

Bolling!on O.D.

Eo! ton Corporation

Bolton .B. Aspull U.D . (part) \\'cslhough ton U .D. Atherton U.D. (part) Horwich U.D. Turton O.D. (pa rt ) P.ury RD. (part) Farnworth U. D. Little 路1:-lullon U.D. Kcarslcy U.D. Barlon-u pan -1rwell H.. D. (part) W orsley U.D. (parl)

Bu ry a.ncl District ] oinl \V ater Boa rd

Bury C.13. Hasiingdcn l\J. B . H.awtcnstall l\'l.B. H.amsbo!lo m U.D. Tol!ington U.D. Lillie LeYcr U.D. Whitefield U.D. Bury RD. (parl) Pres twich U .D. (pari) H.adc lifl e U.D. Turton U.D. (part)

Chapel-cn -le-Fritll RD.C.

Cbapel-en -le-Frith H..D. (part)

Compsla.ll U.D .C. ...

Compstall U .D.

Bu lk Bulk (part) Bulk

llulk P.u lk Bu ll' Bu lk (pa rt)

Glossop Corporat ion

Glossop l\I.B. (parl)

H ey wood a nd Middleton W ater Board

Bury C.B. (pari.) Bury RD. (pa rt) Chadrlerlon U.D. (part) H eywood l\'f.B. Miclcllelon M.D. Norden U.D. (part) Rochdale C.B. (pa rt )

Horwich U.D.C.

Honvich U .D.

Supply augmented by Bolton orpara! ion and Blackrocl .J .C.

Golbon1e U.D. In ce-i n-Makerft eld ll.D .

Supply augmented by Li,路e rp ol orporation

Ince-in-Makerftelcl U.D.C.

J<n u tsford Li ght Company

and

. ..

\ Vater

Knulsforcl U.D . Bucldow RD. (p3rl)

\V all'!" services


P BLI

TILJTY

; RVI E -co1'1tinued

I22 W ATE R-coutimted

v\'alcr serv ices

Nature of Supply Slatu lo ry U nde rta kers

Area o.f Supply

Bulk and De tail , unl ess s lated o!henviw - - - - - - - -- - -- 路1- - - - - - - - - - - 1- -- -- -Liverpool Corpora tion . ..

Chorley i\1.13. Jn cc 路in -Ma kerfie- lcl U .D . Abram U.D. Leigh R.D. (part) Leigh M.B . (pa r t} Hi.nd lcy l.'.D.

L y mm U.D .C.. ..

Lymm U.D. Bucklow R.D. (par t)

Mac lesficld

Maccles field M.B. (pa r t) Macclesfi eld RD. (pa r t)

orporation

Macclesfield R.D .C.

Maccles field R.D. (part)

Manchester Corpora tion

Altrincham U.D. Ash ton-upon -Mersey U.D. Asp ull U .D. (part) !\ tbe1路ton U.D. Barton -upon-lrwell R.D. (part) Bowdon U .D. Bredbury and Rorniley U.D. (part) Bu cklow RD. (pa rt) Chorl ey R.D. Dcnf路on U.D. Droylsclcn U .D. Eccles M.B. I-I ale U. D. H ollin gwo r th U .D. H yde M. B. Irlam U.D. L eigh M.B. (pa rt ) Leigh R.D. (par t) Manchester C.B. Mottram -in -Longdend a lc U.D. Prestwich U.D. (pa rt) Sa le U .D. Salfo rd C.n. Slockport C.B. (pari) Stretfon.l U .D. Swinton a nd P endl ebury U.D. T y lcleslcy-wilh -Sha kcrl ey U .D. Urmston U .D. \~'o rs l ey U.D. (pa rt)

ew Mills U .D . . . .. Ncwlo n-in-Ma ker fie l.cl U .D . .

New Mi lls U.D. Kewton -in -Ma kcrlicld U.D.

Bull< Bulk (pa rt) Bull< Bulk Bull< Bulk

Bulk

Bulk Bulk Bulk Bu lk

Bul k Bulk Bulk Bulk Bulk P a rt bulk R em ainder bulk and detail Bulk B ulk


' V0Fl.TLI!Y .Jl. . V .

Tile names u nclerlinecl are tho8& o.ftlze Statutoq; Vruiertaker8

/or tile ~uppty of!Jiatcr in bulle ancl in cktaiL in t/ze respective areas encto.:;ed b!fa thick Unl} thus ,_ ---• except tltaf the locat cudftordtj distributes tlze cidai/rd supptlj tn tlw arr:cu; markccl titus ,_ Braces (./) indica!£ two ormord7ndcrtalcers supp[!ftnq irll bulk to an are£!/. fbtUttJj &ttndariu.;


P BLIC

TILITY

ERVI E -continued

123 'VATER-COHtill1tPd

1Nature of Supply Statutory Undertakers

J3ulk and Detail, unl ess slated otherwise

Area of Supply

- --------------------- 1-------------------------------Oldham Corporation

Oldham C.B. Chadderton U .D. (part) Roylon U.D. Crompton U.D. Failsworth U.D. Lees U.D. Springhead U.D. (part) Limchurst RD. (part)

Rochdal e Corporation . . .

Rochdal e C.B. (pa rt) Bacup 1\I.B. (part) Norden U.D. (part) Whitworth U.D . (pa ri) ' 'Vardle U.D. Lilllebo rough U.D. Milnrow U.D.

Stockport Co rporation ...

Stockport C.B. (part) Bredbury and Romil ey U.D. (part) Ma rpl e U.D. Disley RD. Macclesfield RD. (parl) Hazel Grove a nd Bramhall U.D Chead lt> and Galley U.D. Handforth U.D. Bucldow R.D. (part) Wilmslow U.D. Alderlry Ed ge U.D.

Warrington Corporation

Bu lk Bulk

Wa rrington C.B. W a rrington R.D. (parl) Leigh R.D. (part) Run com RD. (part)

Yeardsley-cum-W'haley U .D .C .... Ycardsley-cum-Whal ey U.D.

In some cases small areas receive water from private sources.

uppli es (pipe ser vice )

Water scn路iccs


Pl.l L1

' Tl UTY

I~

ER\'l

'-conliuucd

J

The map (fa ing pag

\

r26) indi

Gas se rvice tatutory Undertakers

. \ d lin gto n Gas t\ltdn cham

o mpany Limited

.as

Ashton Gas

ompany ...

ompany .. .

A rea of Supply

.\ dlingt n.

·.n .

Altrincham .D. Bowdon l .D. Bucklew R.D. (pn rt ) Hale .D. Audcn haw .D. (part) Ashl on-nnder-Lyne l\I.B. Hu rst U.D. . Limcburst R.D. (pa rt)

J\ shlon-in-i\Iakerfield U.D.C.

.\ shton -in

Atherton

Atherton U.D.

.D.C....

~fakcrfield

Blackroc! Gas Company

Blackrod .D. Chorley R.D. (part)

Dollington U.D.C . ...

Bo!linuton U .D.

notion C01·poration

Bolton C.B. bor lcy R.D. (pa rl) Horwich .D. Turton .D.

Broadbotlom Gas

ompany

U.D.

G!ossop Dale R.D. (part) Mottram-in -Longdendale U.D. (part)

Bury Corporation ...

Bury C.B. Tottin gton U.D. (part) Turton U.D. (part)

Luxton Corporz.tion

Buxton M.B. bapel-en -le-Frilh R.D. (pari.}

hapel, ·whaley , and Dis trict Gas Company

Chorley

orporalion

hapcl-en-le-Frith R.D. (part) Disley R.D. (part) Macclpsficld R.D. (part) Yeardsley-cnm -\Vhaley U.D. Chorley l\I.B. horl ey R.D. (part)

Denton U.D.C.

Denton U.D.

Dukinficlc! Corpo ra: ic n ...

Dukinfield M.B.

F a rnworth and Kea rsley Gas Company

Bury H.. D. (part ) Farnworth .D. Kcarsl ey U.D. Little Hulton U.D. (pnr t) Little LeYcr U. D. (part )

Glossop Gas

Gtossop M.B. Glosso p Dale R.D. (part) Tin twislle R.D. (part)

.oJborne Gas

o mpan y .. .

ompany

Golborn e U.D.


P BL[

TILTTY 'ERVT E -continued

I2j GAs-colltiluted

(;as services S tatutory Undertakers

H aslin gde n Union Gas Company

A rea of Supply

Haslingden M.B. (parl)

H athersage & Dist rict Gas Company Ltd... Char ' 1-en-le-Frith R.D. (part) Hayfield Gas Company

Hayfield R.D. (part)

H eywood Corporation

Bury C.B. (part) Bury R.D. (part) H eywood M.B. Middleton M.B. (parl) rorclen U.D. (pa rl) Rochdal e C.B. (parl)

Hollingwo rt h Gas Compa ny

Hollingworth U.D. Mollram-in-Longdenclale U.D. (part)

H yde Gas Company

Bredbury and Romil ey U .D. (part) Compstall U .D. (part) Hyde M.B.

Hindley U .D.C.

Abram U.D. Hindl ey U.D. Ince-in -Ma ke rfie ld U .D. (part)

Kuutsford Ligh t a nd Water Company

Bucklow R.D. (par t) Knutsfo rd U.D .

Littleborough Gas Company

Litll eboro ugh U. D.

Lymm U.D.C ... .

Lymm U.D.

Leigh Corpo ration ...

Leigh M.B. Leigh R.D . (part)

Little Hulton U.D.C.

Litlle Hulton U.D. (part)

i\Iacclesfic lcl Corporation

Macclesfield M.B. lVIaccles ficld R.D. (part)

Ma nchcste1路 Corpora lion

Bncklow R.D. (part) Chead le a nd Ga!ley U. D. (part) Droy lsden U.D. Limehnrst R.D. (pa rt) Mancheste r C.B. Streliord U .D. (pa rt)

Ma rple U. D.C.

Compstall U.D. (parl) Glossop Da le R.D. (! arl) Hayfie ld R. D. (part) Marpic U.D.

Miclcllet路on Corpo ra tion . ..

lVIicldleton M. B. Prestwich U. D. (part)

i\Iilnrow Gas Company

Milnrow U .D. (pari)

i\Ios;;ley Corporation

Mossley M.B. (part) Saddlcworth U. 0. Springhcacl U.D. (part)


P BLl

- TJLl TY 'ERV 1 E -continued

!26

GAs-colltinu.ed Gas services St.at.u tory Unclet路t.akers

Area of Supp ly

'cw Mills U.D . .... Ncwton-in -Ma kcrfiell Oldha m

Disley R.D. (part) New .Mills U.D. .D . .

Newton-in-lVIakc rfield U.D.

orporalion

hadderton U.D. rompto n U.D. Failswo rth .D. Lees U .D. Li mehurst R.D. (part) Oldham .B. Royton U.D. pringhead .D. (part)

Rad cliffe and Liti le Lever J oint Gas Board

Bury R.D. (part) Li ttle Lever U.D. (part) Pre twich U.D. (pa rt) lladcl iffe U.D. Whitefi eld U.D. Turton U.D. (part)

R a msbol lom Gas

Bury R.D. (part) Haslingden M.B. (part) Ra msbottom U.D. R awtenstall M.B. (_parl) Tollington U.D. (part)

R ochdal

ompany ...

orporalion ...

Rossendal e Union Gas

Bury R.D. (par t) romp lon U.D. (part) H eywood lVI.B. (part) Littlebom ugh U. D. (parl) :Middleton 1.B. (parl) Milnrow U.D. (part) 1 orden U.D . (pa rt) Oldham C.B. (parl) Rochdale C.n. Royton U.D. (part.) Wardle U.D. (part) Wll ttworlh U.D. (part)

I Bacup M.B.

ompany

Rawtcnslall M.B . (part) Salford C01路poralion

Stalybridge Corporation lockport

orporalion . ..

Ba rton -upon-Irwel! R.D. (pa rt) Eccles M.B. Irlam U.D. Prestwich U .D. (part.) Salford C.B. Swinton and P endl ebury U.D. Worsley U.D. talybridge M.B. Mosslcy M.B. (part)

...

1

Bredbury and R omiley U.D. (parl) Cheadle and Gatley U.D . (pa rt) Hazel Grove and Bramhall U.D . Macclesfi eld R.D. (pa rt) lockport C.B.


WOI?T.L""I!짜 M .D.


P BLIC

TILITY , ERVI ES-continued

127

GAs-continued Gas se rvices Statutory

ndcrtal<crs

Stretford and District Join t Gas Boar<!

Area of Supply

•••

1

Ashlon-upon-1\•Icrsey U. D. Barton-upon-Irwell R.D. (part) Sale U.D. Strctford U.D. (parl) Urmslon U.D.

Tyldesley-wilh-Shakerley U .J .C.

Leigh RD. (part) Tyldeslcy-with-Shakcrley U.D.

vVarrin gton Corporation

Runcorn R. D. (parl) Warri11gton C.B. Warrin gton R.D.

Wes lhou ghton Cousumers' Gas Company .. . ! \ Vcsthoughton

.D. (part)

Whitworth Vale Gas Company...

Whitworth U.D.

\ Vigan Corporation

Aspu ll U.D. In ce-in-Mal<erfield U. D . Wigau C.B.

I Wilms low a nd Alderlcy Ed ge Gas Com pany

Alderley Edge U.D. I Bucklow R.D. (part) Handfo rth U.D. Wilmslow U.D.

0


Jll 1 1l l, l ' l 'J f LI T Y ', •,H VI E ·-continued

ELE TRT lTY. Jl ll't

IJO) indica :: Yariou ::tr a of up ply.

The map (Jf.:ncing pa

trkity

t't'Vlccs

The Bocal • unlrliulJuilty att'a- or part;;. her of within th I gion not included m itllne [o[ftowi:na li::t arc eithe r not within the a rea of the uth Ea_ I..an -hire Elec J;city Boa rd or have not any electricity upply : Area of supply

(local authority area)

i\11lh risC'd distributors

j

Bulk supply authority (el islin -L from aulb ri eel eli L·ribntors)

--~-;~.· Ill\ ~<l)ll !X\~~

mx ' ri

1\h ram ll. ll .

t.nn

Adlinglon Ll . l

~~m~-~~~(, m~ ~'wl~lla'' ~11y \U~Jk.Jtll..-,

. ltll'rky hi,,, l '.I ""

\

·h•~~~~

1\

······

I

.....

"~n~~-~111···~~~~ 11 JI>1.

I

\. ltlit<<>Jilt-ltQli~Jk. [~\ 411~· nwJt:a~iir(>;]lt • lr.ilti~~A.~ii( • i':ll~ ·1 ri · ~llli.Jl'f<tn~x

\ttlM-111tro~a

q:·. n)).c.

~1011!'' IC"-'>ll1!'~<'>1!",1~i

:WL.Ttll.

IJI:m~lll-tl{l"llh: TTt!'lltl.ll! J~JID. ll"<l~!ir;lh ~it ((1)~!1~1111

IPHt\t\lllllll llu ·

]j'~JlWI1

Wih slnw

uth L:mca. hire Tr:tmways

1 :WWttiiJ((Jbl<:.·U•rlt t'IQJI"~~,>r.ttion

\ttt<lJoll'lhH'\1 ltl.IJll.

ltllltit1Wtt-~11f'111t ltit'll<dl!

I

ljjjl}l!l]ii~~·<AI

iWJ..lJ~ ......

'-a>111nn Q ..11 ~--

Jt><J~q['l

r\m'l.'r

l\.n~ttii~ll.rdll):.1tnllll l'l> ·ttri • : up~)ly l!jjll~ll~ft•r4U . \nltnii•tlt<dlll'W~llll.l!'U"-x' ri. .'uprly

~~~--" Q ~JPJ..

ltm<li.'.li lt •.,1~t(·

· n.~

\\ •r

ll'>'Jl<O<·~m 8"'8 JIY Umit...'<l

.\ lnin· t,nn t'.n,

.\ '-hi n ~~~

<ua~n

l

JPl.

Ji.~~iil!t<

Ra\\·Lcn tall

I

Eleari~

orporation

P wcr

fC®IIllln•Ailll~ ll'lwitilh (Q.IJ.·.·•••• -~ tell~D I[.'.O.C.

I

tl.Jt:l. .. .... ~-~Ulliil!~<clbJ:JUIUb. Jl11~ ·ltric -upply

f!llnwllt ltt 11 ,.lPl

IWimmiitt~'<dl

...... .lB'llt< lllllJWII!}' IBI~t.tnl~~·

lf'Olll~wn rojf i'llt~AA"t\\

ll'amitilh

IP1wlhwn

1!'1a1'Hl11 <~Jf 1!lill'!run!Tc~ dtlllJI Jl'lllllit l!'1Uttt5lh cofl lllllf4rll!~l

< di~Oitl!r!;,

RomileY

~

mn

IPtmii;lht'li <~JI \\'>lh!XoJI! I~· llll.llllll>~<t!ll1illn, [ JJ!Ir ~I:CJJ\ Irlr•o,,wn· Thntftlruo.i.r.,

If

•am:B

ltl'.Jl))J(-

IJlll! dlJt,.,,. r UPl:-

[J'!JumJbJit~~"

-.,1!1tllnwiitd!n Eft<c<etri l!,..iilmlttttt••.,.n

:

I[ pi:

lDltJbJiev;·

lbtiltll •on;, T!tdhlu~ ..;·,,,p)ruiio.ll;, 'lf<llJii'it

IFlut\1

cc:.rm ....

!&lm~

JR.IflJ .....

~~~~~ll11'11..11lt

Lnllll<rol;' ··a<e: EQ<c

un

((.~11''-ll.l!lr~~- l[f()lllll l()a•ll1l)ICJJ!alti<.:m

<oJl\illiln:Jumll IOoJcy

l!'..lUM

"

'r

oc ·port

orporalion


I' ' HLI

L' TI LI'J y SI.J\V 1 ~ f ~S

CO iltillltNi

rzg ELJOC"fRJCITY-cOittiJIUIJd.

Area oi supply (local authority a rea)

Authori~4

J~ulk

di'ltrihutors

!'.I•·CIIft Hy

supply au!hnrity

•rn·k•11

''li"tmcl I r'''"

authorh.NI rli4 rilmtrml) Cheadle and Gatley U.D.

Chorley

Clv..rN1Je and

~LB.

Compstall

Gatl~:y

u.n.c.

!f.andj4.... ·r

('11fjl(lfilli1111

Lam:a.'lbin: El!..-<;tric t•,,w~r Companv The Stalybr'.<lge, ll)'lk, :UOli!ilc)', and JJqJdnfid;f Tramway~ and El!.'t:~ tridty Boord

.D . ...

.··I Oldlla.m Corpom.tion

Crompton U.D.... Denton G.D.

:\fanchcster Corporatioo

Droylsden "G.D ... .

lfanchesl.cr Corporation

Dokinfie!d M.B. .. .

. .. The Stalybritlgc, Hyde, j Mo-~le}', and JJul-sinfl.dtl i Tmmwa)':> and EJoctrici y &;;ard ... Eccks Corporatwn • ••• lfaot.:!J,_.,;;wa:- Corp.;>mfion

Eccles :ll.B. Fail.s\\orth l;.D.

~

b!W;..11.>.!iil!1:' J~'\'!t~~ C<mug>~ll»J'

lll..:;uCDQ.~Mnl<t ]!lkt.1l~·

Fanurnrth lJ.D.

...J Farnworth U.D.C.

Glossop i\LB.

... , The- \:rom

Golbome U.D.

'"ii

Hale l:.D....

•.. ABIIrimdualmm. B•lcttnfu: s~wii_r 1 JLiimmii!t@rfi

E!~~m: Si:'I!Jil'ill'll.r Ol>mpa~llll}' Lfunnliitt.tl<ll

Gmit!IJ!>'llrtt)\' 11

1

l.am:aLWu-.e IE!ItWii.e JPll)),"~ w;Wg;tau'll}(

H35fulrgtku lLB.

•.•

...

•••

. .... ,,l!'llai:~ll~l!l lC't~ll])ltwautik~lil

Hazel Gro,-e and Br.llmlbtill lJi.IDl. ....

Heywood UB. ...

lE!I~fi

G

l<ll\\te

....jj.IFJfiimJilfuw w..IID.!.C.:. The Situl~llr.uii~\. IHI\'{dlt\, ~j).. ·lJlu11 .lmtdldiufull.1l '.II.IJ;unm\\'U~$

:lllll~l

JtlliJ.V

dllfuili:v llilmlm.dl ..... Ilfunwiidh W..!ID.!C. JHill!lll;;;\t

llJI_!!)I_ ......

... I llliw

~l.lr.uii,figt\.

'Jiil.1l!lll\\\..~

IHI~I~.

IDurhimfullt!l lEllit>.~

<llJQdJ

1brii:ti.itm- IBmllJIIdl

!".mJunlisiffilll!ndl 'lrl..ID>•.......

II

..... ~

1

.fi:as RIDl........

n_,.

:M.lllt ......

~ulhJI\,iidil

IDJ.kll.111Jfu;

II

U'l~W¢\1

ff~"<ll'•<t;lt.·\1kliillit'

t!•,,,~\~'tlf

.

I' I

s~'!Pl!"li1

[r~Ujpl'lllalt!MIIll

Le~ Cwjpmta~tlii.(>l<l 11

ILlllltCIHl~i~t<t' JE!h~1Wiit: [i<mll!Jlrml2'

(Gnlmfl>nn~ ll.fu~ltcll

....., «lThlfihrnlliJI ......

.

lP!oo\~tlr

ll.anm:mf\:fue IDJ.lud!niit: (UQ.IWJPUOII;W

JJ>l!i'o\,~·

I

\\W~ "Ccqtm1llliiw.lll

lli..ID!........

((i~l]jll',l'J:llltii';t:tl

I U:...1lllt<lh'iif ·~· lElltt!.lllllk I. (0-,, ~J>tl~ll)"

·····1 ...1\'lll:fu:m..lmtfun:~u\!![lrujyt:ou'­ ;M.o~~. <lbn11

~

ilil.l \''

I

aJ!li.i:IDl

]1151die J\ll..!Bl......

~t!\dhl!'lWti lVl\l)plW."JUi\f.)~l

roro.dl. llfualn.nllhlllBI

I mr..m>Jc:. • .. ..... ~"~ IC<nt]ptn\lWllU~m

IP.ll~ll.'tlllii>

<f$,'~'1l1M•~~m.r ~!Jllilnl.ll)


~

PUJII, W !J'II L II

~ I C J \ \ ' 1 ( ~ ~~

r'rilllinttc•d

rontinucd.

Jo. 1,1. .. , l<l l' IT\'

1 ~ 1''' Irk! I\' pHI

\ " ''' Ill " " ppl\• (In rtl ll lilhutll llli 'il)

\"It f•p

1,h\i L•hli l ' [ i ', [ ),

ut i Hll'i ~· d

B ul k supply a ut hority (d istinct from a u ! horised d istJ.·i bu tors)

dis lrillul rs

,\ hit 1\· llll I l'·l. pn1~ 1tl n

•n R o hdal •

!.It t lt• IJI1 1,1 11 f{h I 1, 1l, I !II•• II ullllll \ J.I l,

t" '' er

l lllh• Lt'W I' \ 1, \ ,

l owe r

orporation

\\' ll't'i n •I n 'o rpora li n ...

I \IIH\1 tt, l l, I. ll. li\1\ lli> 11'1' . ll, J

~'.I

, Hh1N\\

Manchester Corporation

rp ration

It hll l n , I 1"\, lllih11 ,,.

u.n..

Rochdale Corporation

tt ,..,\.- \\1,1\,

L'tn ·ashire Electric Power Com.pa.ny

" "''' \~ in • <1. •l h1•hl l I , .-~~~·n

t

,H,

M~<~.lll

t

-1(

-H<%1~

.,

,n.

kh

r.n.... L . nca· hire El.cclric Power

llUt- P.l , • ~

,l •

,\(

1~.

.t~~m-;;1 lH\)11

i

<1.\\tti~:>;\<\H

i

<lf<'htl~l

• , H.

.i ~~ ·~·"~\ '

I'm\ '«m\

mpany

mp.ny

.n. l~

P, 1\u.{U

.t 1n """nh

t

.u ~.

rh,

·~.••yb itl~, ~~~-dl'. I

1\r~""''' -~-.

.~ d<•

v ''· "

~nli~'Jli~~ ~-.u~.

'b'>li11\ ~n~f"'"n ~

,u ,! nukiniidd d ~ h: -

~

(')':\ •

S:'l ~~~n t"'<.J>'ll{(ll'a l\Q~t

•11 ~••

p

ar)

\\'.u·fll :tol Cm·1 •·,ulou .. .1

ll'r,uu\\~)'<'> ' ~rlcih ~mt

~~'t

Elecrri

Lam:<lshi

n~•· -·~ruvb.rlrtl,~. n"''""· \ll ."'> ')\ 4'1 •~• Oukhtflll: ld ~ ~ l!<m~\\W\ ' <'I.Ud ill;,~ h!ridl!y Ucx-~1

.J,mcb -

~r

orporn ion

\\'€' f


WORTL.eY R.D,

REFEREN CE

7ke an:a:; willlilt llu; bOU!Uiarv tines indicated tluts·- ~C--...a «J to til ~portion the distribulion a reas oftlw

ICUrtJt.cra~us W7 cterlilu:d.

T/u; dotlectporlion.5 thw ,_ WH~;}-}·::~;0£;}~ twndarte.s receia buJ.-1£ <>Llf7flllf f rom tlw tutllloriliM ruut disfri utc flumsetues.


P BLI

TILITY

ER ICES-coutimt cd

I3I ELECTR IC!TY-C01llilllted. Area of supply (local autho rity area)

Anthorisrd distributors

Bnlk supply authority (dislincl from authorised distributors)

- - - - - ·-

Stalybridgc M.B.

Stockport C.B.

The Stalybl"idge, Hyde, Mossley, and Dukinfield Tramways and Electricily Board Stockport Corporation

Sh·etiord U.D.

Stretford U.D.C.

Swinton and P cndlehury U .D.

Swinton and U .D . .

'Entwistle RD.- Parishes ofH attersley Matley 'Entwistle (parl) Tottington U .D. Turton U.D . Tyldes ley-w ith-Shakerley U .D.

Pendlcbury

The Stalybridge, Hyde, Mossley, and Dukinfield Tramways a nd Electricity Board Lan cashire Electric rower Company Turton U.D.C.

Wardle U.D.

Lancash ire Eleclric Power ompany Rochdale C01·poration

Warrington C.B.

\ Yarrington Corporation

Warrington RD.-Parishes ofAppleton Grappenhall Great Sa nkey Latchford \Vi thou t P enketh Stockton Heath ·watton Infr 1ior

Whitworth U .D. Wigan C.B ....

Wig:m Corporation

\Vilmslow

Aldcrley and Wilmslow Eleclric Supply Limited Lancashiru Elcclric Power Comp:111y

Whitefield U .D.

.D ....

·worsl ey U.D.

-

~ranchester

orporation (parl) Lancashire Electric Power Company

Lancash ire EIPctric Power Company

\ ¥arrington Corporation

Lanca hire Electric Power Company Lancashire Electric Power Company \Vhi tworth U.D.C.

\ Vesthoughton U.D ....

-

Electricity services

Rochda le Corporation


P 1 LI ,

T JLJTY .

E]( \ ' 1 CE.~ -co utiuu cd

1.

:\L\Ir Main rlrainagc

~

Dh..\ LN.\

~E.

Th map ((a 'ina lhi pa c) nly imlicat - 1 al authoritie or joi nt bodie within th Rcuion tr a ina waac from mor than one local authority ar <, 'l! indicated in t h following li t :Loc:tl.\u thorityor Joint Rodr

r\llrincham

.D. •.

Area

Altrincham U .D. 1-la le U.D . (part)

Ashlon -undc r-L •nc Corporation .. .

As h!on-under-Lyne M.B. Hurst U.D .

Famwonh U.D.C ....

Bolton C.B. (part) Famworth U .D. llaslingden, Rawlcnslall. and Bacup Outfall Bacup M.B. cweragP. Board HasLingden M.B. Rawtensta.ll M.B. Hin dley U.D . .

I-Iinclley U .D. Ince-in-Makcrfic lcl U.D. (p:Ht)

Leigh and Ather ton Join t Sewerage Board Athe rton U.D. Leigh M.B. Ludworth, Iellor, and Low Ma rple J oi nt Glo sop Dale R.D. (parl) cweragc B ard H ayfie ld R.D . (part) Marple U .D. ::\Iacclesfield orporalion Macclesfield l\I. B. Macclesfield R. D. (part) Manchester Corporation Audenshaw U.D. (I art) Barton-upon-Irwell R.D. (part) Chadclerton U.D. (part) Manchester C.B. Middle ton l\I. B. Stretforcl U. D. (pa rt) Prestwich U .D. (pa rt) Oldham Corporation Oldham C.B. L ees U.D. Stalybridge J oint Sc·werage Board Tyluesley- wilh -Shakrrley U. D.C. nnston and ommitlee \ Yarrington

Flixton

J oint

Drainage

orporation

Whaley Bridge J oint Sewerage Board

Aud enshaw U .D . (part) Dukinfield l\II.B. Stalybridge l\I.B. Tyldesley-witb-Shakerley U.D. Leigh R.D. (part) Barton-upon-Irwell R.D . (part) Urrnston U.D. Warrington C.R. \Varrington R.D. (par t) Chapel-en-le-Frith R.D. (part) Disley R.D . (pati:) Macclesfield R.D. (par t) Yeardsley-cum-Whaley U.D.

thc r l al authoriti s in the R gion separately deal wit h sewage fr m til i r r p ctive di. tricts, xc pt that in ome cas s evvage from small po1iion. of a local anthority's area is dealt with by an adjoining authority. The~ cases a re not recorded in the above list.


R.D.

itame3 wutertwzecl are tlwJc of

s~watjc.llutlzori~

or

tnf:ltd ~:;pcctivcarea.J enclosed(Jr;atJiiclf tiM fJtu.r•i-1 cllaU wttlt in bulk onbj /rom area$ .rkew/1/

fluu·I:riarea:; notirulicalut a,., above ~tu:l w~tlut ll~ .r.ea {ll.<; lor. uf. aut/Wrdlf io tlw J{}Ulaqt?lliibzortty in~ t area


.,.


133

Part VIII.- TOWN

GENERAL

PLANNING.

OTE .

The question of amendments to the Town Planning Act, 1925, has be n considered by the Legal ub-Committee of the ommitt c.

Many valuable suggestions have been put forward by individual members of that Sub-Committee, and the consideration of such arc held in abeyance until an opportune moment presents its lf in the shape of amending legislation being presented to Parli ament in the near future, promises to this effect havin g already b en given by the Minister of Health . That a need exists for the appli cati on d the principles of town planning to all lands, develop d or otherwi se, seems unquestionable from experience, and every effo rt to sec ure amendin g legislation to thi s effect will be made.

Town Planning

A l, 1925. Anwndnwn l and exlrn~ion lhcrrof

It is not de irable in thi s report to set out particula rs of suggested amendments, the Committee ha\'ing given authority to the L gal ub-Committee, consi ting, as it does, of legal offl ers of local authorities with experience of town planning practice, to place an_) agreed suggestions before the Mini try of Health with a view to th eir incorporation by Parli ament in any amending . tatut .

ouncil of By Section 3 of the Town Planning Act, 1925, th ever_) borou gh or other urban listrict containing a ]JOpulation , according to the cen us t aken in the year r gz r, o{ more th an 20,000 shall, before the rst J anu ary, 1929, prepare and submit to the i\lini st r of H ealth a t own planning scheme in respect of all land within th borough or urban district in respect of whi ch a tovvn planning ~ h m ' may be made under the Act .

Town planning comp ul s0ry o n ce rt ain authori ties


I (; , CE E I\ L

T

T F:C..:., - continucd

I

!\eli

11

trtJ,•n to

J)IClrtlO( ' ~t' il<• lll '$

f t it'

4

ri t i 'S within th Region, 29 having onse qu ·.ntl ar r quired by statute ·to pr ' P iH, town pl a nning !:0 ln 11 ' { r t h i r r sp ctiv d i tricts ; an l a ltogdher 7:; I nl a utho rities within th . R egion h aYe adopt <l 1 l-J

I

o,

rl'stlutions lo pr par ."h m e. fnr t he \rhol, r part of th ir r p ctive dist ,·i 'ts. That s many l al authori ti s hav ought to prot ct the development [ th ' ir eli t ri t b) th promotion f sch mes, although such a 'ti n is n ire! ' optional in mo t a a gr at tribute to the ' ff 1 s of th' mmitt e in it end avour to secure controlled kY lopm ~ nt, tU1d indi at an appreciation of the aclYantages

as-s in t d "ith a pred 't rminc l plan of dev lopm nt. 1 :tnR'' r ol ll<•lay in pro mot in ~ : dll'lll '$

lf ad\'"Ultaat; f th - pro\ 1 1011 of the Town Planning Act is not tak n, leY 1 pm nt will a a matte r of cour e proceed on the old lin - un le r by -law control, and any propo_al , regional or otherwi e, for a 'O- rdinati n f fut nrc d vclopm nt a r in jeop ardy .

In thi nn ti n r f rene again mu t be m ade to the urgent nc essity f r th r omm ndation a to the tting 1.1p of d centralised area statu ory town planning committee- being adopted , and the 'ommith~c - ~stabli"h d in rd r to nsur proposal of an a rea or r ai nal 'hara 't r b comina obhaatOI · in all future development. qui 'k r w·1.y of undoing the work of the

ommittee could p : ·ibly h pp'n than indiffer nee or um\illingne on the part of 1 cal a u h ritie - t _afc auard the d ,. lopm nt of their area under ht' prot t> ion aff rdcd by th Town Plannina Act. D lay ed action will d~e s roy t he whol work of the ommittee to date. F or a local ·mthori _- to all w den~l pment o pro eed uncontrolled , a i11 the Xll- , would be a n a}~ct of opportunity, and woull lead to almo t nlt'W'~);;lr.lble con:::eqnences.

The able hereunder indi a - the position in th R gi n to-dat RX":pe-ctin the p romo tion of t om1 pl m1ina - heme .


T \VN PLAN If

STATI. T J S.

!(, ,

135 Table of sta tistics showing the present posi tion in the Region in relation to ihe promoti cn of town planning sch mcs :-

Local aulbority

PopulaLion,

Area

Area of

in

schem~

J92I

acres

in acre-s

Census

IJatc of Authority to prepare town planning scl•eme or date of resolution

l{t·marlcs

----

- ----Abram U.D.C.

6,853

1,98-1

Adlington U.D.C.

4·390

1,062

Alderley Edge U.D.C.

3,088

6j8

*:\l trincham

.D.C.

...

20,f50

I,.j25

*Ashton-in-iliakerfield 22,.J75 li.D.C. Ash ton -upon-Mersey 7·773 .D.C. *Ashton-unde r-Lyne ~LB. .. . -!3.335

6,251

Aspull

.D.C. ...

Atherton U.D.C. A udenshaw

·.D.C.

*Bacup M. B. Barton-upon-Irwell R.D.C.

1,98-1

. ·o scJ,.m•; 67

f

J6

I I,-f09

1,623

1,005

j Jin~<,

1')21

12th .\pril,

1921

1,()06

• · o sdu·m1;

19, 56

2,26-f

1··'76

1,2.jl

21,263

6,121

6,120

IO,TJO

6,;6z

J t,joo -;zo

2,26-j

(

1,-139

Bollingwn CD.C.

j,OJI.j

n•.29.D.

-».291

Di·"',Mj

Dj,2:&1G

Jj,2$o

Bowdon L.D.C.

2.'91iij

~

Bred bill'\' and RouWJJ,r}-

'!)l,lll!il$

}.'9/'.li!J

191h March, 11)2(

... . 'o sch•·mt·

2,J9JZ

Bucldow R.D.C. (Jll'ln11»

]Td

7· 51

3.~,

u.o.c:

1')25

. ·o schern•·

Bl.ackrorl L.D.C.

*Bolton C.B.

~lay,

17th June, 1')2[

1,345

j,l6

.D.C.. ..

-!lh

. ·o schemr·

.;,y;O

Billinge

5th • · o\·cmiJCr, 192-J

.;th :\lay, 1921 1st Dl:'ctmber, 1')10 2 b Jl;:ccmlx:r, 1921 13 h June, 1923

. ·o sch1:m<:

..g,DOj

16~h 6~b

Oc ol ·r, 1923

january, 1926 ...

:zoih :\larch, 1917 ... Bred bury an•J lwmil•·r

LD.C. ha\·c J~··rs w to~ n i'lan r.an ul the area 1.Ji Co m p s a II L'. IJ. amr.unLing to tj<r .5 acres 25th .·on:mbf-r, Jf)Z<:J .\r•ca tl'•~•.--n is b<la 29th .·on:mber, 1922. \tO ith.in jlJim C•>m-

miu ,.. area

lAID)'

*Bury C.B. ... Bury R.D.C.

::!.<" alY• C.R

B(r, h•l;;ul""


T

vv

r

PLA

r,

ST ATL TI S-coutimtcd

6

I

Population, 1921 Census

Local authority

Area in ac res

Area of scheme acres

Dale of r\ u thority to prepare t own planning schem e or date of resolution

R em a rks

----------------------1- ----l- -------------Buxton M.B.

29lh October, I92+· ·

I j,6.) I

*Chadderlon

.D .C.

Chapel-cn-le-Frilh

I

,995

13th Kovcmb r , 1923. Sec a :so Ma n chester

C. B.

R.D.

16,I.j.!

0,3 9

78,7:!3

17 lh Decembe r , 1923.

beadle and Gatley U.D.

11,063

s,o, 7

5,0 7

21st September , 1922.

2,852

I5th Jul y , 1920

*Chorley M.B.

30,581

harley R.D . . (part)

Compsta ll

No sch em e. Area taken is that witJ1in Joint ommittee area onl y

6,611

.D.C.

No schem e. See Bredbury and R omil ey U.D.

9-H

Crompton U.D.C. Denton

I m·lion o{ sc hem e wit hin. area of J oint Com mitt ce

2,865

.D.C.

·. ·. ·.1 I 7,620 Dislcy R.D.C ....

2oth Oc ober, I<J:!.J · ·

2,59+

Xo sc heme

3,022

Droylsden U.D.C.

I, 099

1,009

r6th Jul y, 1924

Du ki.nfie ld l\l.B.

No sch eme

*Eccles l\I.B.

2,057

FailsworU1 U.D.C.

J

20,)31

Giossop Dale R.D.C.

3.780

I7,89I

Golborne U.D .C.

7,I 83

r ,679

Hale U.D.C.

IJandforlh

·o schem e . See Manchester C.B. 1,504

11 U1

3,052

rst J an uary, 1925 ...

1,311

Haslingclcn l\LB. Jlaydock U.D.C.

I Iayfield R.D. Hazel Grove and Bramhall U.D .

S(·plem bcr, 1923

No schem e ~o

1,311

5lh January, 1922

8,203

No schem e

I J\"o

10,330 ..f ,520

10,282

IO,I27

5,-f•l7

scheme

(22ncl Decembm·, 1917, ) first portion; )26th Jul y, 1923, for ~ remainder

r ,288

.D.C.

2nd ] unc, 192-f

,072

*Farnworth U.D.C. *G iossop l\I. B.

2,057

schem e

., .!.'l'o sc heme 1,728 1 8th A ugust,

Jl)I3

... . 1

*Indicates town planning compu lsory, population of district exceeds 2o,ooo.


TOW

PL

,, T TI TI , -COIIIimtcd

INI

IJ7

I .\rea of

Popula- 1 Area lion, in !92! acres Censu s

Loca l authority

scheme in acres

Dale of Aulhorily to prepare toll'n planning scheme or date of resolution

I

Remarks

- - - - - -1- - - - - - - - - - - - - -- *Heywood 1\lf.B.

I2lh July, 1922

*Hindley U.D.C.

2,612

llolliJlgworlh U.D.C.

2,612

... ,

8th January, 192.1

2,086

Horwich U.D.C.

I

5,621

No sch me

3.257

3,254

2nd J\ ugust, 1922

Hurst U.D.C.

ro scheme.:

*Hyde lVJ.B. *Ince- in -i\Iakerlie ld

U .D.C.

22,855

2,320

3,o8o

r3th October, 1924 00 ·

2,320

qlh November, 1923

1,00.1

10th October, 1923 .. .

1, 760

7th ,\ 1 ril, 1025

6,359

31sl October, 192.1 ...

I rlam U.D.C. Kearsley U .D.C.

9,6 10

Knntsford U.D.C.

5·-1I 5

Lees U.D.C.

2

*Leigh i\ LB .

8

No sch me

6.359

Leigh R.D.C.

No

Lim ehurst R.D.C.

No scheme

Liltlebo rough U.D.C. Lilli e Hulton U.D.C.

·.·. · 1 11,488 7.910

Lillie Lever U.D.C ..

4,809

oo

Lymm U.D.C ....

j ,2

3

7·855

7.738

13th ] unc, 1')25

1,69')

r ··I 14

rSth

So

8oS

·1·37~

*i\facclesfield i\LB. Maccl eslielcl R.D .C. ...

3,2J+

IOlh October, 1923 00 .

*Middleton M.B. i\Iilnrow

.D.C.

..

,

6,6o8

3,055

28,309

•1·77.'i

8,390

j,lO-f

{

December, 192 1

3.752

1oth December, I9LI. I Scheme "B" 27th ]un , 1921 Scheme "A" (including the following portion5 ofl?ailsworth U.D., zSr acres; Chnddcrton U.D., 566 acres 5th August, 1925 Scheme "C"

3,055

rsl DcccmbPr,

3.781 997

6th October, 1~120 000 23rd September, 1920

j,Ig.f

roth Se ptember, 192.1

:·30,307 1 2 r ,690

Marple U .D.C. 000

28th July, 192·1 23rcl February, 1925

79.-l<l4

oo.

1915.

~.37-1

5,269 7·35-+ *Manchester C.B.

D~cember,

scht•m~;

oo.

00

192~00.

*Indicates tm\n planning compulsory, population of district exceeds 2o,ooo.


TW

PL

, ST TISTJ

-contimtcd

IPopulation,

Local authority

1921 Census

Area of scheme in acres

Area in acres

Date of Authority to pr pare town planning路 scheme or date of reso lution

No scheme

Mosslcy i\I.B. Mollram-in-Longd ndal c U.D . . New Mills U.D. Ncwton-in-Makerfield U.D.C. Norden U.D.C .... *Oldham C.B.

.D.C.

Ramsbottom

2,883

No scheme

8,490

No scheme

18,77-

2,518

26lh November, 1913.

4.o66

5,051

rst October, 1923 ...

IH,983

Prestwich U.D.C. *RadclifTe

.D.C.

...... J 2.t. 759 15,381

I{

r,8oo 497

3,08_ 6,~23

28,376

I

8th October, 1925 .. . 19th May, 192 1

Roylon U.D.C ....

Sadclleworth

.. . 1

.D.C .. ..

.D.C.

19th December, 1914. Also includes portions of~orden U.D., 307 acres; Bury KD., 202 acres 2,147

.. . ,

2,Lf7

6th November, 192 3. No scheme. Area taken is that within Joint Committee area on ly

16,329

*Salford C.B.

J6,930

r6,930

rst December, I92+ ...

2,006

2,006

2nd November, 1920. r 7th June, 1916

j,202

Springheacl U.D.C. .....

1,555

r 4th July, 1924

3,132

9th June, I92+

*Slretiord U.D.C.

2,9+7

5th July, 1921

*Stockport C. B ... .

',o6o

I glh May , ' ' ' 3

*Stalybridge M.B.

Approved by the Mi nistry of Health, 2oth January, I9I5

lli August, 19 1 r

I 90,816

Runcorn R.D.C. (part)

_8th April, 1913 r2th December, 1923. qth July, 1924

I *Rochdale C. B ....

e Rochdal e C.B. No sch eme

4.735

r8,750

*Rawtenstall i\I.B.

Sale

Remarks

1,555 25,216

:::r ... , This

scheme is in conjunction with the scheme of Unnston U.D.C.

*Indicates to\\'11 planning co mpulsory, pop ulation of district exceeds 2o,ooo.


PLA

III G.

T TI TI . -(O IIli ii11 Cd

139 Area Local authority

*Swinton and Pendlebury U.D.C. Tintwistle R.D.C.

Population, . 1921 Census

. ...

Ty ldesley-with-Shakerley U.D.C. U rmston U.D.C.

scheme in acres

2,28.1

Dale of authority lo prepare town planning scheme o r dale of reso lution

rrlh Jun e, 1923

2,071

13,619

No scheme

6,760

2,544

No scheme

12,154

17,334

17,33-1

rst November, 1923 1

15,650

2,490

2,490

z6lh Septrmber, 192 3

8,297

991

991

4,463

3,192

76,8 II

3. 0 57

WarriJlgton R.D.C ....

12,1 29

vVesthoughlon U.D.C.

I

12th July, 1921

I

•475

5,900 r 8,955 \'r( 13,055

r8lh Dece mber. 1912. 3rd D ecembe r, 1919. 7lh Dece mbe r, 192r. 1

5.56o

5.560

zolh Februa ry, 192 '1·

Whitefie ld U.D.C.

6,902

1.403

1,398

rst July, 192 -1

Whitworth U.D .C.

8,732

4·483

4·483

nth May, 1925

Wi!mslow U.D.C.

8,282

5,090

5,090

23rd April, 1923

r 3,929

5·434

5.434

qtb. May, 1923

1,323

1,323

17th 1\IIarcll, 1925

Yeard sley-cum-\Vhalcy U .D .C.

1,699

1

This sche me is in conj u nc lion wi lh the: sc heme of Slrelford .D.C. No sc heme

5,192

Worsley U .D .C.

R emarks

2,28-f

Ward le U.D.C .... *vVarring1on C. B.

of

30,9!6

Tottinglon U.D.C. Tu r ton U.D.

Area in acres

*Indicates town planning compulsory, populat..ion of district exceeds 2o,ooo.

Tot al of local authorities' areas Area controlled under town planning scltemes Area uncontrolled

653,888 acres. 46r ,og6 , rgz,792


qo P art IX.- CON CLUSION S.

GENERAL. Gt'nernl notes

As previously indicated, at a p cial m eting of the Committee held on the 1st F ebruary, 1923, it was decided to recon tit ute the Committee and proceed to pr pare an advi ory regional scheme.

P eriod for preparation oi advisory scheme

It was estimated that a period of thr e y ar woul d be required in which to prepare such ad vi. ory scheme and on this estimate 96 of the 104 local authorities within the Region ultimately as ociated them elves with th Committee.

Issue oi report and recommendations

This period of three years terminates in February, 1926, and it is considered that the work of the Committee at this date is sufficiently far advanced to nable a report to be i su d on the main hn s of a r gional scheme, and to lay down certain recommendations whereby it i hoped many of the various tentatively agreed proposals may be ome operative, without undue delay, in the future dev lopment of the Region. Nu u eiul purpose can be served by delaying the i sue of this report and the recommendations contained therein, and for the good of th R gion it is essential that definite and concerted action should be taken to deal with the \'arious proposals through the promotion of statutory schemes of planning under the Town Planning Act, 1925.

Expenses of the Commitlr.t'

It will be remembered that the expen ses of the Committee were limited to a sum not in excess of the produce of one-tenth of a penny rate in th ÂŁper annum over the areas of the associated authorities for a maximum period of three years .

To date, only two annual le,ies of one-tenth of a penny rate, amoLmting to a total sum of £13,951, have been made upon the a sociated authorities, and having regard to the stage the work of the Committee has now reached it will be Lmnecessary to call for the whole of the third annual levy. fractional levy will be necessary to meet the expense of i suing this report and to meet certain exp nditure connected ¡with the dissolution of the Committee on its present ba is and its re-constitution as recommended.


L , ION -colltillued

r..p Using the regional schcm a now pre 路cnt d a the kcl ton or outline of statutory town planning sch m s for ach de ntra1ised area, it is considered that such statuto ry _ch -m s und r the Tow n Planning Act, 1925, could in most cases be prepared for ach decentrali eel area during the next two or three years. \\'here local authorities associate in the setting up of decentrali s cl area committees, their contributions, as part of the cost of pr paring the stat utory scheme, will be made to the particular de entrali eel area committe concerned.

Future procedure

This action, necessitating somt: agreed annu al contributi ons between associat ed local auth oriti es for a fmih r period of two or three years, will result in each associated authority obtaining a statutory scheme, and the future development of the Region sccur cl on co-ordinat ed lines. The procedure referred to is considcrPcl to b the most 'Nay of producing statutory town planning schrmc for R egion, and , further, the collective responsibility of l cal in the respective decentralisecl areas shou1d in most cases major regional proposals to be properly provided for.

economical the whole authori tic, enable any

This Committee covers a region which is unique in size, impmiancc , and multiplicity of interests (local authority and othcrwi c), in so far as attempts have been or are being made to provide for and secure development on a regional basis. H eretofore advisory schemes of regional planning hm e been propounded in respect of areas altogether incomparable to that of the pre ent Region . The fu1dings of other Regional Area Committees contain no useful precedent to this Committee, these Committees having appar ntly reached a. concluding stage in the presentation and publication of a. report merely indicating lines of future development, for the information of constituted authorities and for inclusion in their rcspecti\'c town planning chemes . The Committee having produced a regional plan as in~ic atcd by this report, cannot in justice allow the result of their labours to become dormant. The Committee feels compelled to indicate a basis upon which local authorities should proce cl to secure cone rted and statutory act ion throughout the entire R gion . Fmiher, th Committee is in duty bound to mal.;:e determined cfiorts to set in motion machin ry whereby all futur clc,路clopment may be properly

~l路ccss ily of action to give ctfccl to Committee's proposals


and legally controlled and provided for, and , mo t impo1iant of all. the ss ntial of improv d health, home life, and working conditions s cured. I-I nc the r commendation of the ommittee as to the establishment of a . ri s of d c ntrali eel area statutory tovvn planning committ to giv ff ct to r gional propo als. Too much empha i cannot be laid upon the main featnre that town planning i pr v ntiYe act ion by virtue of control of development on proper line , and that by proper and far- ight -d planning a r petition of many of t he evils a sociated with p ast uncontrolled to路wn growth and dev lopment can be avoided, thereby also obviating the xp nditure of large ums of mon _ in remedial measures or schemes which are so necessary in ev ry large town, due in a very great d gree to a misunder tanding, or the impossibility of our forbears, to conceive of the modern requirements of life. Th commtmity, compri ing the industrial and conunercial life of the Region, cannot afford to neglect the opportunity to provide for futur development on lin which, o far a can be for een a re absolutely essential to the future prosperity of the R egion , and the ommittee consid rs that ai. this juncture its proposals ar ufiiciently mature to warrant immediate action being taken to secure t atutory sch me over decentralised areas. a-ordination of rut ure aclivily

everal matter. of a nature requiring co-ordinate act ion between local authorit ies, and consequent upon the enforcement of the regional proposals, will require con ideration, but the e are such as mi ght be dealt wit h better by the suggest ed decentralised area tatutory town planning committee , any co-ordinate action r quired between area committees being secured through the re-constituted joint advi ory committe .

ommillec 's proposals r commended to local a ulhoriti s

In pr pating the r gional cheme the Committee has endeavoured to comply with the dutie and f unction. a cribed to it, and the proposals indicated in thi report are submitted and recommended to t he various authoriti s concern c1 with an assurance that such propo als indicate a us ful guide upon which th future development of the Region should be r gulat d. Th authorities concerned are especially request ed to note that the realisation of a progres ive programme of development for this m t important Region entir ly depends upon the incorporation of agreed r gi nal pro1 osals in statutory schemes u11der the Town Plan ning ct, 1925.


-contimted

I43 During the preparati on of the ad,路isory scheme e\' ry as istance has been rendered by the official of th various local a uth orities concerned, and the Committee de.sires to place on record its appreciation of the valuable servi ces so generously given. The t ask of the Committee in presenting an advi ory schr me could not h ave b en accomplished so soon but for th ea rn stness with which all problems have been faced.

r\ pprccia (ion of services rend ered by local au Lhori tics' officials

It is hoped that the enthusiasm eli played by all members of the Committee will continue throughout the remaining stages of s cu ring statutory schemes whereby legal control of all futur developm nt is secured, and such development gtlid d along lines considered best for the future prosperity of th Region and all concerned therein .

UMMARY OF MAIN RECOMME DATIO LOCAL AUTHORITIE .

I

TO

r. To promote, under the provisions of the T own Planning Act, I 9Z5, schemes providing for the enforcement and /or carrying out of the various proposals recommended in this report in the d velopment of the Region. For this purpose to apportion the R gion' into suitable areas, and for the local authorities within each su h area to est ablish and authorise a st atutory joint committee as permitted by section z (I) of the Town Planning Act, I9Z5 , t o proceed with the preparation of a st atutory town planning scheme for the joint area . ( ee Appendix for draft suggested form of agr ement between local authorities.)

P reparation of stat utory schemes 1 y dccen tral iscd

z. To provide, through area t atutory joint committees (r ferred to in I above), for the establishment of a new or re-con tituted joint advisory committee for the Region as a whole.

Rc-con sli! ution of Regional A lvisory C'ommiltcc

The principal functions of such committee mi ght be :(a) To secure co-ordination b tween area statutory committees

in the preparing of schemes under the Tom1 Planni ng Act. (b) To advise on differences which mi ght aris bet\,- en kcal authorities, or between a local authority and. it area committee, or between area committees, during the preparation of st atutory schemes . (c) To assist 111 secunng agreem nts between ap 1 ropriat GoYernment Department , County Coun ils, and lo al authorities or area committees respecting re ponsibility for

ar -a

Commit lees


L SI

.'-continued

I4-1·

con tructing and maintaining rt ain propos d r gwnal road and road ll11provcm nt ; the acq nisition, control , and maint nance of cert ain regional public op n J a es or re rvation and th preservation or acquisition and mainten ance of buildings r place of ancient or historic inter st. (d) To s

nr - th a-ordinat ion of any ar a sch me dealing with public utility ervi ces, including therein proposals for main l rai nage and sewag eli posal.

(e) To ncl avou r to cure addit ional legislation, apr lying the I rincipl s of town planning t o areas already entirely developed,

and the e tablishment of an app al court for the Region in and /or carrying out of any proYision of a town planning cheme.

r lation to the enforcement Recommended proposals to be included in statutory schemes

3· In particular tci provide, by suitable pro,·i ions in t atutory town planning cheme for :(a) R ervi ng th site of the new road , wid ning and impro vements, adopting the various widths and building lines sugg steel or r commended in this report, and the carrying out of any n ccssary work in connection therewith. (b) Regul atin g building development by zoning into areas for re iclential, bu ine , inclushial, and other purposes . (c ) clditional recr ational facilities, e pecially in the n ature of playground for children , and the re ervation of lands adj acent to and including the banks of rivers and watercourse to form p arkways . (d) Reserving considerable ar as of land t o remain in use for

agricultural purposes . (e) The pr servation of certain buildings or places of ancient or

historical interest or of natural beauty . Adoplio!l of mode l clauses

4· To adopt generally the m odel clauses of the l\Iini try of Health appertaining to tovvn planning chem , incorporating therein uch of the charact r zones of th table recommended by th Committee as ar applica ble to th particular area. On behalf of the Committee, THOl\IAS T

p . 1\I. H EATH ' H ol!orary CC1'etm'y, Town H all, l\Ianchester, J anu ary, ISJ26.

R)lBULL,

Chairman . H AROLD

HAWCROSS,

Deputy-Chainnan (rgzr-rgzs). J OHN F. TEELE, D eputy- Chni·r man.


1 45

REPRESENTATION

ON

THE JOIN T

COMMITTEE,

1923- 1926.

The following list contains the names of the m mbers and officials of the various constituent local authorities, an 1 oth r bodi s, who have sen ed on the Committ e during the preparation of th regional scheme. ABRAM URBAN DI STRI CT-

Councillor R. . Robson , J.P . Mr. W. Aspinall (Clerh) Mr. W. H. Roby ( ~wveyor) ADLINGTON

I 23- 192 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

RBAN DIST RICT-

Councillor T. Riding, J.P . 111r. W. umner (Clerk ) Mr. R. Edge (Surveyor)

1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923- 1926

ALDERLE Y ED GE URBAN DISTRI CT-

Col.mcillor H. . Hac1wen , J.P . Councillor E. Bancroft Mr. W. Cobbett (Clerk) Mr. H . heldon ( U1'veyo1')

1923- Iq-..j. 192-J.- 1926 I923- 1926 1923- 1926

ALTRi r CHAl\1 URBAN D ISTRICT-

Councillor W. G. Taylor J.P . . . Cotmcillor J. Tadman .. Mr. W. tokoe (Clerh ) .. Mr. H. E. Brown ( ~r.rveyor)

1923-192-J. I92-J.- I926 1923-1926 1923- 1926

AsHTON- UPON -MER EY URBAN Dr TRICT-

Councillor W. Worthington, J.P. Mr. J. W. L. Foulkes (Clerh ) . . Mr. F. Hutton ( urveyor) ..

1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

Asr路ITON-UN DER -LY NE M uN I CIPAL B oROUGH-

Councillor J. Broadbent, J. P . Councillor J. C. Titterington Councillor E . Broadbent, J.P . Mr. F. W. Bromley (Town Clcrl~) Mr. J. Row bottom (B oro1tgh S~wveyor ) ..

1923- 1926 1923-1924 r9:q-r926 1923- 1926 1923-1926


HEPR '.:E T Tl ~ --conti11ned

I..j.6

TLIERT N

. RBAN DISTRLCT-

ill or oun illor

J.

1923-1925

K ay .. . Fletch r .. arn tt ( /crl?). •Ir. . E. Hop ( ler!?) Mr. F. H. Grimshaw ( urvcym•) OUJ1

\

DE 1 .' I!A\•\

rgzs-rgz6 1923-1924 1924- 1926 1923- 1926

HBAN Dr TRI T -

1924-1926 1924- 1926 1924-1926

ouncillor r. W . Hurt, J.P. Mr. F. E. apper (Clerk) Mr. \~ . Clough ( 11rveyor) BA

~J IPAL BoRoucr-r-

i\.[

P

1923-1926 1923-1926 1923- 1926 1923-1924

ouncillor G. Baron ounc'llor \~ . G. Lamb rt {r. . G. Broom (Town lerk) Mr. \' . H. ewton (Borongh wrveyor ) lVIr. F. W. Mozl y (Boro·ugh mveyor)

rgz-t- rgz6

BART N-UPON-IRWELL RuRAL Dr TRJCT-

1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

oun illor . H. Manley Mr. . Faulkner (Clerl?) Mr. E. L. Leeming ( mveyor) .. ] TJ, LINGE

RBA1 Dr TRICT-

otmcillor F. E. ager ouncillor C. Holt lVIr. . Darlington (Clerk and BLACI<ROD

1923-1924 1924-1926

rgzyrgz6

mveyor)

RBAN Dr TRICT-

1924-1926 1924-1926

Councillor A. Brindle, J .P. Mr. A . Heyes (Cterl~ and m·veyor) BOLLINGT N

RBAN D1 TRICT-

Councillor J. vV. Hunstone l\ir. ·. Knight ( le1•k and mveyor) B

LTO

T

1923-1926 1923-1926

OUNTY BOIWUGH-

Alderman F. h adle, J.P . otmcillor J. F. teel , J.P. (Depu.ty-Cha-irman ). 1\Ir. . Park r (Tm n Clerk) ~Ir. E. L. Morgan, O.B.E. (B 01'ough

1923-1926 1923-1926 ~trveyor)

..

1923-1926 1923-1926


REI h.E E,NT TIOr - coutimtcd

BowDON

RBAN DISTRICT-

Councillor H. . Reed Mr. W. P aterson (Clerk) Mr. H. Pownall ( ttrveyor) BREDBURY AND ROliiii. E Y

I 923- I<)26 - r92 I 923- I 926

I 2

Rl3AN DI STRTCT-

Cotmcillor G. F. Cooke Mr. S. Axon (Cler!?) Mr. A. Plunk tt (S1.trveyor) Mr. H. 'vV. Marsd n ( 11rveyor)

I923-I926 I 923-192 I 923 I923- I926

BucKLOW RuRAL DI STRICT-

Councillor W. H. Carter J.P ., Mr. G. Leigh, J.P. (Clerk ) .. Mr. R. C. Aldous (S1wveyor) Mr. R. C. Cordon ( u1•veyor)

I 923- I925 I 923- I 925 I92 - I 924 I92..J.- I 25

J3QRY CouNTY BoROUGH - -

Cotmcillor H. Ashworth Councillor ]. Hill, J.P . Councillor J. D. Lepp Mr. R. Moore (Town Clerk) Mr . J. H. S ttle (B o?'Ottgh s~wveyor)

I<)23 I923- I926 I923- I926 I92 - I z6 I923- I 2

BuRY RuRAL D I STRICT-

ouncillor A. H. Lord .. Com1cillor E. harples Mr. J. Isherwood (Cler!~ ) Mr. A. B. Crosby (. m··ueyor) BuXTO

I92J- I<)25 I925- I926 I 923- I92 I 923- I 925

M u rr c rPAL BoROUGH-

Councillor 'vV. Goodwin Counc1llor 'vV. Macdonald . . Mr. H. G. Curtis (Town Clerk) Mr. F . Langl .y (B orou.gh urveyor) .. CHADDERTO N

I92+:-I926 I 924- I926 I92-+- I <JZ6 I924- 1926

RilA N Dis Tmc T-

Councillor W. Crossley, J .P. lVIr. J. . chofield, M.B .E . (Clerk ) Mr. A. W. Cox (Surveyor) . .

r923- I926 ·I923- I926 1923- I926

CHAPEL-EN-LE-Fmnr R uR AL DI STRICT-

Councillor A. Sims, C. . Mr. L. J agger (Clcrl<) .. Mr. E. J. Hunt r (S1trveyor)

1923- r926 1923- 1926 I <)23 - I926


HE PRES • NT

TIO~ -co11 tinued

Lj.8

CH EADLE A 'D

ATLEY

HBA r DrSTRI T -

ouncillor J. H . Hobbins J. P. lfr. J. H . J ohn on ( lcr/?) Mr. W . Timp rley ( lcrk) .. Ir. I . H. 1\[olyn ux ( urveyor)

1923- 1926 1923- 1924 1924- 1926 1923-1926

llOHLEY l\IU.\'1 IP.\ L ] OROUG H-

oun illor E. Ashton ouncillor F. Fr win . . ouncillor J. E:arfoot, J .P. (decea eel) otmcillor \ •\ . \~ ilcock 1\lr. J. Mill (Town Clerk ) .. iiir. G. H. H opkinson (B orMtgh U?'vcyor) !TORLEY

R

RAL DrsTRTCT-

ow1cillor . F. ixsmith J. P .. . Mr. h .. E . A pel n (Clerk ) Mr. W . otterill ( U?'veyor) OMP TALL

1923- 1924

rgz4-rgz6 1923- 1926 1923-1926

RBAN DI ST RI CT-

Councillor T. Mallalieu, J. P. Councillor A. Brown, J .P ... Mr. \~. H.ichards (Cle?'k ) Mr. J . B. Cooke ( ttrveyor) Dr sLEY

rgz-t- rgz6 1924-192 6 1924 1924- 1926

RBA:-< DISTRICT-

ouncillor J . E. Mellor ouncillor J. W. Pogson Mr. F. F. Gartside (Clerk) Mr. J. F othergill ( U?'veyor) D ENTO !

1923-1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

RBAN Dr T RI T -

COLU1CiJlor B. H. Walker Mr. H. I cwton (Clerk) l\t(r. T. l\1 . Bc\'an ( 'urveyo?') (deceased) Mr. C. ~ · Righton ( ttrveyor). 'Ro ~r PTOK

rgzs- rgz6 1923- 1924 1923- 1925 1924- 1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

R

1923- 1925

rgzs- rgz6 rgz3- rgz6 1923-1926

RAL Dr TRI CT-

ouncillor J. Entwistle oun cillor F . outhern Mr. J. L. Lowe (Cle?'k) Mr. J. vV. Pearson ( UYVC)I01')

1924- 1925

rgzs- rgz6 1924- 1926 1924- 1926


REPRESE T TTO T-co Hiiu 11(:d

149 D RO YLSDE N UR B AN D IST RI CT-

Coun cillor W. A. H aughton , J. P. Conncillor T. Hetherin gton Mr. G. Smith (Clerk) . . Mr. C. H all ( ~wveyor)

1923- 1925 rgzs- r926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

D u m NFI E LD M uN ICIPAL B oROUGH-

Councillor H . D . Brice, C.C. Councillor S. H . Garforth . . Councillor A. E . Grundy Mr. E . Barlow (Tow n Clerh) Mr. . H ague (B o?'Mtgh m veyor)

1924- 1926 192 ~ 1924- 1926 1924 1926 192-~- 1926

E ccLES M u ' ICI PAL B oRouGH-

Councillor J. H. Chapman Councill or J. H indley .. Councillor W. H ughes Councillor H . Lee on .. iHr. E . P arkes, JVI. B .E. (Tow n Cle?'l?) l! r. T. . Pi cton (B oroHgh m vcyor) Mr. T. Elce (B orough ztrveyor) F AI LSWORTH

1925- 1926 1925- 1926 1923- 1925 1923- 1925 1923- 1926 1923- 1924 1925- 1926

RBAN DI STRI CT-

Co uncillor Councillor CoLmcillor Mr. H. C. Mr . J. W.

W. Dunkerley, J.I ... ]. Hibbeti , J. P . W. G. T . Wade, J. P. Broome (Cter!?) . . E . Brown (5?-t?'veyor )

1925- 1926 1923- 192-j. I

924- I

~)2

5

1923- 1926 1923- 1926

F ARNWORT H U R BAN DISTRI CT-

Councillor t he Rev . J. Wilcockson Mr. W. Tyld ley (Clerk) Mr. T. St one (S~trveyor ) Mr. F. Ashton ( urveyor ) ..

1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923- 1925 1925- 1926

G LossoP M uNICI PAL B oRO UGH-

Al derman J. Platt Alderman G. vVharmby - Mr. G. H . Lea (Town Cte1'k) Mr. W . A. Mitchell ( Boro~tgh Sttrveyor)

1923-1926 11)23-1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926


REI RE. E. T TI

-contimted

I ,50

R ouncillor Mr. F. Mr. . E.

GLo s P DALE

GoLBORNE

RAL Dr TRI T -

J. . Wood .. . F nton (Clm'/~)

torey ( W'veyo?')

1923- 1926 rgz3- rgz6 r923- rgz6

RBAN Dr TRI T -

ouncillor ' . Pre cott {r. H. Eck r 1 y ( lerk)

J. \~ . H art ( ~trveyor) . . J. Ford ( mveyor)

i\Ir. l\lr.

1923-1926 rgz - rgz6 I923- I92-J. 192.5-I926

HA LE URBAN Dl TRI T-

ouncillor J. Perc ival l\'Ir. J. G. \ i\ hyatt (Clerl~ ) Mr. T. Blagburn ( 1.trveyor) HA NDFORTH

RBAN DISTRICT-

Councill or F. mithson Councill or J. Travis Mr. F. Ardern, M.B.E. (Cte?'k ) 1r. P. B. Adshead (Town Pla11111路1'1 g urveyor) . . H Asr.r NGDE

r

1924-1925 1923 , 192.5-26 I923 1924 rgz.5-rgz6 1924-1925 1923- 1926 1923-1926

R RAL Dr TRICT-

ouncillor G. Grifftths ouncillor R. M llor Mr. J. R. Bo,,路den (Clm'k) Mr. E. vvift ( urveyor) HAZ EL

192.5- 1926 rgz - rgz.5 1923-1926 1923-1926

M uN ICIPAL BoRoUGH-

Councillor T. Brown ouncillor J. H a ler Councillor J. Hoyle ouncillor T. Lord ouncillor H. Warburton ouncillor E. Yates Mr. \i . 1usgroye (Town Cler!?) Mr. R. Taylor (Boro1tgh mveyor) 1-IAYFJELD

1923-192.5 1923-1925 1923-192.5

R \'E AND BRAi\JHALL

rgzs- rgz6 1924-1925 1924-1926 rgz-t- rgz6

RBAN Dr TJUCT-

oun illor vV. Garn r .. Mr. F. Pidgeon (Clerh) Mr. . Doncast er ( ~trveyor ) ..

1923-1926 1923- 1926 1923-I926


REPR E. 'ENT. TTO I- co11timtcd

I5I HEYWOOD MuNICIPAL BoROUGH-

Councillor Councillor Alderman Mr. G. G. Mr. J. B.

M. Kay A. Kershaw D. Marlow (deceased) Bouchier (Town Clerk ) Nuttall (B oro1tgh 1trveyor)

192 - 192 6 1923- 1926 1923 1923-1926 1923- 1926

HINDLEY URBAN DISTRICT-

Councillor J . Meadows Councillor T. Ogden Councillor J. Smith Mr. T. Robey (Clerk) Mr. 0. P. Abbott ( ~wveyor)

1923-T92-J 1925- 1926 192-J-- 1925 192 - r 26 1923-1 26

HOLLINGWORTH URBAN DISTRICT-

Councillor G. F. Stotl Councillor Mrs. L. Graham Mr. G. H. Wilson (Clerk) Mr. W. Pitt (Surveyo?')

192-J.- 1925 1925- 1926 192-J.- 1926 192-J.- 1926

HoRWI CH URBAN DISTRI CT-

Councillor J. G. Dickinson, J.P. , Mr. W. Carter, 1\I.B.E. (Clerl?) . . Mr. T. Green (Surveyo?')

192 '-1926 1923- 192 1923- 1926

HYDE lVIuNICIPAL BoROU GH-

Alderman VI/. Fowden The Right Worshipful the l\Iayor , Alderman J. Hibbert, J.P .. . Councillor A. haw, J.P. Mr. T . Brownson, B.A. (Tow11 Clerh ) Mr. J. H . Ward (B oro~tgh urveyor) lNCE-I).'-MAKERFIELD

RBA

DISTRI CT-

Councillor H. Webster .. Mr. A. F . Howgate (Clerll ) Mr. A. T. Swain ( u,rveyor) l RLAi\I URBA

r

192-J.- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923-1926 I923-1926 1923- 1 2 1923- 1926

Drsn r c T-

Councillor H. nsworth, J .P. lVIr. J. Cooke (Clerll ) .. Mr. E. Jones (Clerk) .. Mr. W. H. Gamble (Stt,rveyo?') Mr. W . G. Codling ( ~trveyor)

1923- 1926 1923- 192-J. 192-J.- 1926 I 23- 1 2-J. 192-J.- 1926


RE1 RE. E T TJO -contÂŁnmd

K EARSLEY

RBA

DISTRI CT-

ouncilJor . F. Howa rd , Mr. H. 1artin ( lerk) 1r. E . . haw ( 11rveyor) K NUT FORD

J .1 ...

RBAN DrSTRJ T-

ouncillor 1r . A. J. L igh Councillor L Penn Mr. H . aldec utt (Clerk) 1Ir. R. W. Mar hall ( ~trveyor ) L EE

RBA

1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

1924- 1926 1923-IC)24 1923- 1926 1923-1926

DrsTRI T-

ouncillor H. E. Andrew, J.P. ouncillor J. Buckley . . l\Ir. W . Ogden (Clerk ) Mr. ]. W . Liver age ( mveym' )

1923-1924 1924- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926

L EIGH M uNI CIPAL B oRoUGH-

ouncillor A. Betton . . Councillor v\ . Hi genbottam Councillor G. H olden , J.P . . . Alderman H. peakm an , J.P. Mr. T . B . Bamber (Toum Clerll ) Mr. T . lare (Borough 1wveyor)

1924- 1926 1923-1924 1923-1924 1924- 1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

LEl GII R uRAL Dr TRI T-

Councillor Vv. Twi t :tvlr. E. William (Clerk ) Mr. H. v\ . Boardman ( m veyor) l\'Ir. . R. Lynam ( t-t?'veyor) LnmHuR T R

1923-1926 1923- 1920 1923-1926 1923-1926

RAL D r TRI T-

ouncillor J. E. Ludlam J.P .. . Mr. ]. W. . Titterington (Clerk) Mr. R. Thomp on ( urveyor ) LITTLEBORO GI-l

RBA r

1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926

Dr TRICT-

ouncillor ]. Brook (deceased) . . ouncillor A. England Mr. G. H. \~ ild (Clerll and urveyor )

1923-192-J. 1924- 1926 1923-1926


I EPRE E TATJ

153 LITTLE H U LTON URBA)l D ISTR I T-

Councill or J. E a tham, J.P. Mr. J . H. Heycs ( lerll) Mr. ]. T . Davies ( 1trveyor )

1923-1926 1923- 1926 192 - 1926

LITTLE L EVER URBAC\ DISTRICT-

ouncillor T . H. Chatton, J.P. Mr. ]. eddon (Clerk and S'urvcyor) LY~ I i\I

1923- 1926 1923-1926

[{BAN DI STRICT-

Councillor . A. Duguid Mr. W. Timperl y (Clcrl?) . . Mr. N. H olt (Clerk) Mr. D. Mort ( 'Urvcyor )

1923- 1926 1923- 192-J. 192-~- 19~6

1923- 192

MA CCLE SFIELD M uNICIPAL BoRo uc n -

Alderman W. Fro t , J.P., C.C. Alderman A. Frith, J.P. Mr. F. R. Oldfield (Town Clerk ) Mr. E. H amson (B orough mvcyor)

192.)-1926 1923- 1926 1923-192 6 192 - r926

R RAL Dr TRICTouncill or L. R. Willia ms .. Mr. F. H arrison (D eputy-Clerl?) Mr. J. Thorpe ( 1trvcyor) ..

1923- 1926 192 -1926 IC)2J-1926

JVLJ.\CCLE . FI ELD

MA NC HES1E R CouNTY B oRouGH-

Alderman T . Turnbull, C.B.E., D.L. , J.P. (Chai路rlllan ) Aldei路man W. T. J ackson, J.P. Mr. P. M. Heath (Town Ctcrl?) (Han. Secrdary ) Mr. ]. Luke (City Smvcyor) MARPLE

1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926

RBAi\" DISTRI T -

Com1cillor J. H. Wild Mr. J. Freeman (Clerk) Mr. D. ]. DiYer ( u.rveyor ) MIDDLETON

M

1923-1926 1923- 1926 192 - 1926

i\"ICIPAL BORO G il-

Alderman R. Grundy, J.P. The Right Worshipful the Mayor, Councillor A. H. H ollingworth, J.P. Councillor W. B . cott, J.P. Mr. J. I. Walmsley (Town Clerh) .. lVIr. P. H arrison (Borough 路 urveyor)

1924-192 1923- 1926 1923- 192 1923-1926

l -CO IIliii'I(Cd


HEPRE. ENTATIO -c011ti·m ted

154 iVfrL NROW URBA

T

D1 TRI T-

onncill or J. Brearl y ouncill or A. L. ifills .. 1vlr. H. Hargr a\· (Clerk) Mr. . , . Whipp ( urveyor) NEwTON-IN-l\1AKEI<FIELD

RB N

Dr

1923- 1924 1924- 1926 1<)23- 1<)26 1923-1926 Tm T -

Councillor E. J. W . if ullin 1\Ir. ole (Cler/~ ) :Mr. R. Latham ( urveyo1•) NmmEN URBAX

Dr

1923-1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

TRICT-

ouncillor J. rnith l\Ir. L. Coup (Clerk) Mr. J. H. ro by ( m veyor)

1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

OLDHA~r COU"-'TY BoROUGfi-'-

onncillor J. H agu . Alderman F. H oughton, J.I . l\Jr. J. J. \i\ illiam , L.L.M. (Tm 11 Clerl? ) ~Ir. J. H. B ntl y (Boro1 tah S11rveyor) (deceased) ~[r. J. hur t (BO?·o·ugh u:rveyor) .. PRE

TWICH

I<BAX

Dr

TJUCT-

Councillor H. T. Crook, D.L. , J.P. Councill or \\ . Done 1\lr. F. H. A hton (Clerk) .. l\fr. l\I. • . Pi r y ( ltrve)01') RAD CU FFE

RBAX

Dr

RBAN

1925- 1926 1923- 1925 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

TRI T -

onncill or T. Holt Cou ncillor W . Brooks, J.P. ifr. _ i\lill :LB.E. (Clerk) Mr. v\ . L. R othwell ( '1-r,rveyo?') Mr. G. E. Wri gley ( urveyo1·) RAM BOTTOi\r

192.)-1926 1923-1926 .1<)23- 1926 1923-1924 1924-1926

Dr

1925- 1926 1923-1925 1923- 1926 1923-1925 1925-1926

TRI T -

ouncillor D. hilton .. Mr. J. W. Barlow (Clerk) .. l\llr. R. Ram bottom (Cle1·k ) Mr. T. H. B 11 ( ·wrveyo?') . .

1923-1926 1923-1924 1924-1926 1923-1926


R • 1 RE. E T. TI

155 RAWTEN T LL MuNICIPAL BoRo UG ir-

Alderman R. Ashworth Alderman J . Barnes Mr. J . Whall y (Town Clerh) Mr. ]. J ohnson (Boro~tgh S't,trveyor)

192_ - .cgz6 1923- 1926 1923- r 26 1923- 1926

Ro cHDA L E Cou , TY BoROUGH-

Councillor C. H . Bryning, J .P. Councillor Crossley Councillor H. hawcross, J.P. . . (Dep1.tty-Chairman 1923-1925). The Right War hipful the Mayor , CouncillOT H. Wycherl y, J.P . .. Mr. W. H. Hickson, O.B.E. (Town terk) Mr . . . H. 1\{organ (B orough m veyor) ROYTON

I923- I92..J. 1925- 1926 1923- 1925 1924- 192 192 - 1926 1923- 1926

RBAN DISTRICT-

Councillor H. Beswick, C.C. Councillor ] . Egerton .. Councillor T . H. Lowe Mr. E. Harrison (Clerh) Mr. J. Pattison ( urveyor) ..

1924- 1925 I923- 192..J. 1925- 1926 I 923- I 26 1923- 1926

Ru N ORN R uRAL Dr TRl T-

Councillor G. Pilling, J .P. Mr. G. F. Ashton (Cterh) .. Mr. J. winton ( urvcyo'r) ..

192.3- 1926 1923- 192 192 - 1926

ADDLEWORTH URBAN DI STRI CT-

Councillor R. Mallalieu, J. P. M r . V. J oyce (Clerh) .. Mr. J . H . Reynolds ( m veym' ) . .

1923- 1926 1923- T926 1923- 1926

SALE URBAN DISTRICT-

Councillor R. J. McBeath, J .P., C. C. Mr. D. Hallev,·ell (Clerh) Mr. W . Holt ( urveyor ) (d ceased) . . Mr. E. Bleakley ( U?'veyor)

1923- 1926 I92J- I 926 1923 1923- 1926

SALFORD CouNTY B oRouGH-

Councillor Councillor Councillor Councillor Mr. L. :tvir. E. B.

c:

A hcrofL . . G. Brown, J. P . F. A. Luckarift E. Sutton (clccea eel) Evan. (Town Clerll) .. Martin (Boro1tgh . urveyor)

1925- 1926 1925- 1920 I 23- 1925 1923- 1925 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

-co11tilmed


R 路 .RE. E T. TT N- coutinued

.'PRL ' GHEAD

RBAJ\ Dr TRl CT-

ou n 路illor ]. Birk nshaw oun illor J. Bradle , J.P. ::\[r. '路 F. Tann r (Clerk) . . '.\[r. F. Bullin.nt (._urvc:\'or) L \ L Y BRJDGE

l\1

KI IPAL BOR

1924-1926 1923-1924 1923-1926 1923- 1926

GII-

_\Jd rma.n ::\Ir . - . 'tunm r :M.B.E. J.P. .- derman J. , t n J.P. :\h-. F. H. \Yor 1 y (Tow n lerl~) '.\lr. J. _路. \Yhite (Borough nrvcyvr)

1923- 1926 1923-1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926

~ TRETFORD C R BAX Dr-TRICT-

owl ill or J. hilcl ouncillor J. lliclg (de eased) '.\k H. Abrahams (Clerl?) l\Ir. E. \\ orrall ( urveyor) .. .. wr:--~To:-~ AX"D

I

El\DLED RY

RBAN Dr TRICT-

ounci Uor ]. Davi ouncillor . J ack on Mr. Vi. T. 1--'o t lethwaite (Clerh ) l\Ir. H. Entwi tle ( 'btrveyor) Tr

1925- 1926 1923-1925 1923-1926 1923- 1926

1923-192-J1924- 1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

' TWI TLE R uRAL Dr TRICT-

onncillor C. B. torr l\Ir. D. P nrungton, C.C. (Cledz ) Mr. C. E. . t orey ( urveyo?') T orriNGTON

RBAN Dr TRICT-

OUJl illor E. Lomax J.P . Councillor J. 'Whittaker Mr. H. Holt (Clerh) Mr. L. K nyon ( urveyo?') ..

T uRTON

1923-1926 1923-1926 1923-1926

1923- 1925 1925- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926

RBAN Dr TRICT-

ouncillor W . W. chofielcl ouncillor . H . p1ing rfr. Ballwin ( lerlz) Mr. \ . W. Laithwaite (Surveyor)

1923-1925 1925- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926


REPRE Er T TIO - conti1111ed

I

TYLD ES LEY-WITI-1- HAI<ERLEY

.57

RBAN Dr TRICT-

Councillor T. Brimelow, J.P. Councillor J . Roach J.P. . . IJ:r. W. J . Matthews (Clerk ) Mr. F. E. J ones ( 1-trveyor)

1925- 1926 192 - 1925 192 - 1926 1923- 1 26

URlllSTO N URBAN DISTRI T-

Councillor C. Davies , J.P. .Mr. T. J. Rowland (Clerk) (dec a ed) Mr. J. Holker (Clerll) .. lVIr. J. Heath ( ~trveyor)

1923- 1920 1923- 192-J. 192-J.- 1926 1923- 1926

\ iVARDLE URBAN DISTRICT-

Councillor V•l . Fletcher Councillor J . J . Leach Mr. J. D. Hurt (Clerk and

192 - 1924 1924- 1926 1923- 1926

S~trveyo r)

W ARRINGTON Cou NTY BoR uGH-

Th

Ri ght Worshipfu.l the Mayor, Ald rman A. Bennett, J .P. CoLmcillor D. Plinst on , J.P. Mr. A. T. Hallaway (Town Clerk ) .. Mr. A. l\1. Ker, B. c. (Boro~tgh ~t1•vcym· ) 'vVARRINGTO.

R

IU\L DISTRI CT-

Councillor Mr. E. J. Mr. B. VVE THOUGHTON

Furness, J.P . utton (Clerh) ewcombe (Surveyo?')

'v\.

..

1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926

RBAN DISTRICT -

Councillor T. Billington .Mr. J. Dickinson (Clerl?) Mr. G. Hayes ( urveyor) .WHITEFIELD

1923-'-1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923- 1 26

1923- 1926 1923- 1926 192 - 1926

RBAN Dr TRI CT-

Councilior H. pencer .. Councillor R. Whipp . . Mr. C. F. Polier (Clerk ) Mr. T. l\1. Denton ( nrveyor) lVIr. J . Knight ( urveyo1•) ..

192-1-- 1926 1923- 1924 1923- 1926 1923- 192.5 1925-1926


RElld~

E T TI

1-

conLi111ted

IS \\'IIJT\\"OIHII

L HB.·\:\

D!.- TR1 T-

unrill r \Y. \. 1 gg :Jir. J. H. ' tott (Clerk) )[r. R. .\rch r ( nrveyor) .. :Ji r. J. lcgg ( 1f,J'veyor)

\\'rt..\!'L

I923-IC)Z6

1923- 1926 I92..J.-I926 192 - 1924

"' CRBA~ DI ' TRICT-

ouncilior J. Whiteside, J.P ., C.C. Mr. H. Cliff (Clerk) l\Ir. A. artwright ( urveyo·r) \ iVOH LEY

1923- 1926 192 - 1926 1923-1926

HBAN DI T HICT-

oun iUor \Y. ::JL Rog r on l\Ir. L Healey (Clerk ) . . ) h·. J. H O\\al'd ( urveyor) . . Y EARD.:t.EY-cr~t-\\'H.-\LEY LRBAN

1923- 1926 1923- 1926 1923-1926

Dr FEI T-

Co1lllncillor E. T . Y at e lk. :. Taylor (Clerk ) .. Mlr. J. E. Griffith (Clerk ) .. )I!Jr. W. Butler ( un:eyor)

!923-1926 1923-1924 1924-1926 1923-1926

CO-OPTED l\lEMBER

Cm:::mR£ Coc.TY

C ot:x c rL-

.-\.lderman . Pain, J.P . .\lderman C. E. D a ,·enport J.P.

1923-!926 1923-1926

D ERBY HlRE Cou~ TY Co u xcrL-

Councillor R. Thornley , J.P . Lui cA Hm E Co u ~TY

o

NCIL-

ouncillor Dr. J. . Beckitt ouncillor ~ . methur t Dr. J. ]. Butt rvvorth (M e.iical Officer of H. ealth) Y RK

1923-1926 1925-I926 1923-1925 1923-1926

HIRE (WE T RrDTNG) COUNTY CO UNCIL-

Alderman B. Tumer THE GAH.DEN

ITY

..

1923-1926

AND TowN PLAN ·me AssocrATION-

l\Ir. E. B a rker Mr. \' . H ennings , F.R.I.B.A.

1923- !926 1923- 1926


REP R E E:--lT TJ

I 59

MANC HE TER SOCIETY OF ARCfilTECTSMr. F. B . Dunkerl y, J. P., F.R. I. B. JVLr. I. T aylor, F .R.I. B. . .. Dr. P. S. W ri hington , Litt.D., 1.A., F.R.I.B.A. MANCfiE TER CHA:'II BER OF

Ol\fMERCE.-

S ir W. Cla re Lees i r Ed ward Rhodes Dr. Alfred R ee, F .I.C. Mr. C. Roberts (deceased) . . R OADS lMPROVEi\IENT

I 23- 192 192-J.- 1926 192 - 1924

1923- 1 2.'J. 192 - 192-J. I92..J- I926 I92 -~-I 25

SSOCTATION-

1923- 1926

Mr. H . Bri ght T o w N P LA 1 NI 'G I NSTITUTE (NoRTIIEHN D rvrsroN)Mr. J . H embrow, F.R.I. B.A. ANCIENT MoNmm 1 TS Mr.

J.

ocmTY-

Swarbri ck , F.R.l.B .A.

1925- 1926

R ep res 路 nt a tives of the Ministry of H ealth and the l\Iinislry of Transp ort h ave al so attended th meetin gs of the Committee .

I -co11li11ued


16 r

APPENDIX.

I.

HART ILLUSTK\TlNG D E ENTRAJ.I SATIUN

2.

HART

ILLU T RATING

0 PERAT! N

OF

F h .EClON. D E ENTRALJSED

AHEA

COMMITTEE .

J.

,路ucGESTED

F ornr

OF

D1 AFT

AGHEEi\IE NT

BETWEEN

L

CAL

UT HORITlES.

4-

O u TLI NE

M AP

THALISED

SHOWI1 c REAS.

B ouNDARIE

OF

succE TED

D ECEJ\'-


AI PE:\ D ! X.-co?lfimtcd

CHART

N ~路

l.

CHART ILLUSTRATING SUGGESTED DECENTRALISATION OF REGIONAL AREA INTO AREA S FORM l N G STATUTORY TOWN PLANNI NG COMMITTEES FOR PREPARATION OF AR E A SCH E M ES. E LECT ORS IN REGIONAL AREA .

10'1- SEPARATE LOCAL AUTHORITIES CONSISTING OF BOROUGHS URBAN /\NO RURAL COUNCILS OPERATING IN ~ECCN 颅 TRALISED AREAS AS INDICATE.D.

I DECENTRALI SED I

T H E TITLE

1

I

USED FOR

I

MANCJI[Sl[R 'IIARR1t1Giil'l LEIGH WIGAN BOLTON &

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

AREA STATUTORY TOWN PLI\NNING COMMITTCES I EACH AREA 15 GIVEN FOR IDENTIFIC/\TION PURPOSES ONLY

1~1

CHORLE~~fROI\! NIW.[I ROCHDAlE!

1

I

I

.--L'---

I

BURY ASHTON OLOHAJvl GLOSSOP STOCKPORl BUXTON

l li[Y/1 l lS>~ :M CCU~IH.D KNUTSfORD

DISTRICT ~ DISTRICT &DISTRICT &DIS1RICT &DISTRICT &DISTRICT 6DISTRICT ~DISTRICT &DISTRIC.T STAlYB/110G 6015TRICT ~DIS1RICT UISTRICT. SDI5TRICf ~DiSTRICT ~OISfRICT bDilfRICT S DIST~IC T

I

I

I I I I I SEE MAP SHEWING SUGGESTED DECENTRALISED I .1. I. I I I

I I GROUPING I I

I OF LOCAL

I

!

AUTHORITIES . I I

I

I ADVISORY CENTRAL COMMITTEE TO BE SET UP REPRESENTATIVE OF DECENTRAUSE.D AREA COMMITTEES FOR CO路ORDI ATION AND APPEAL PURPOSES

NOTE.- EACH DECENTRALISED AREA COr路l~liTTEE WILL BE. CONf'OSED OF REPRESENTATIV[S rROM EACH LOCAL ALITIIORiTY I

Til[ RESPH JIVE DCCfNTRALI~>ED /\RC/\5


A I P I~- D1X.. -'ro lllimtfd

CHART N2路 2. CHART ILLUSTRATING COURSE OF EACH DECENTRALISED AREA

ACTION BY EACH STATUTORY TOWN

LOCAL AUTHORITY AND PLANNING COMMITTEE .

ELECTORS IN REGIONAL AREA.

LOCAL AUTHORITY. WHETHER BOROUGH, URBAN OR RURAL COU NCI L; ADOPT RESOLUTION TO PREPARE SCHEME, PREPAf\E MAP N l!路 I . FORWARD COPY RESOLUTION AND MAP Nl! I AND PARTICULARS TO ~1\NI STRY OF HEALTH AND COU NTY COUNCIL. LOCAL AUTHORITIES SEVERALLY

LOCAL AUTIIORITIES APrOINT

CONTROL ALL INTERIM DEVELOP-

1\EPRCSENTATIVE.S ON STATUI DRY TOI'.N PLAN lNG CO~l~IITTEE

STATUTORY TOWN PLANNING AND DELEGATE WORK OF PRE- 1---------=--1 CO~IMITTEE PREPARES DRAH SCHEME PARING SCHEME FOR WHOLE FOR WHOLE OF Dt.CE.NTRALISE.D AREA. OF DECENTf1ALISED AR[A TO STATUTORY COMNITTEE

~~~:T ~~~~~T:~~R~REPARA-路,-------=----------1

COI-lMITT EE OF COMPI FTE SCHE~IE FOR DECENTRAUSED

AREA.

-~~ 2.

I SUB~11T DRAFT SCHEMC TO LOCAL AUTIIORITV FOR

I---------

PRELIMINARY APPROVAL.

SUBMIT FINAL SCHEME TO MINISTRY 0F HEALTH

SCHEfV1E CARRIED MAY

BE

1 - - - - - - - --

FOR APPROVA L .

FOR APPROVAL.

AS FINALLY APPROVED BY M INISTRY OF HEALTH T O BE OUT OR. ENF<?RCED BY LOCA L AUTHORITIES OR AS OTHERWISE

PROVIDED

FOR

BY

SUBM IT DRAFT SCHEME TO MINISTRY Of HEALTI;

THE

SCHEME.


f'T'E DTX -co11timml

16-::> 1\IJEiVIORANDUM OF AGREE 1E T mad - the da} of 192 BETWEEN tl of the fir-t part TI-IE of the . econd pali THE of the third part c·c. c·c. (h reinafter collecti\ ely and indi vidually desc ri bed as "the contracting part ies ").

In scrl nam es of Loca l !\ ulhori tics in Area

WHEREAS the contracting parti s arc r spccti vely local authorities within the meaning of the Town Plannin g Act 1925 (hereinafter referred t o as "the said Act ' ) A D WHET<.E . · by se t ion 2 o·( the said Act it is provided that where any local authorities arc dcsi ro11s of acting jointly in th preparation or adoption of a town planni ng scheme they may concur in appoint ing out of their respect iv l di s a J oint Committee for the purpose and in conferring with or without restri cti ons on any such Committee any powers which the contracting parties mi ght exercise fo r that pnrpos A D \i\' HERE S for som t im past (some or) all of the contracting parti es have togethe r with other local authorities con tituted a Committee called the 1\Janch _t ·r and District J oint Tow:n Planning Ach'isory Committee (hereinaft r referred t o as the " Advisory Committee") wh1ch Ad\ i ory Committee 'vVas empowered amongst oth r things to prepar in an ad viso1 y capacity a R gional Development Scheme coy ring th ar a of the contracting parties and t he areas of the said other local authorit i s AND WHEREAS certain proposals have been submitted to and tentatively approved of by the said Advisory ommitt e A~ D WHEREA the contracting parties being desirous whereve r may be -fotmd practicable or desirable of adopting and including the said propo als togethe .. ·w ith any other proposals which m ay be fo und necessary in a Joint Town Planning cheme and for that purpose and also for the purpose of acting jointly in the preparation or adoption of a Town Planning , cheme promoted in accordance with the provisions of the said Act haYe agreed to enter into this agreem nt jointly and severally with one another AND WHEREAS it has been agreed between the contracting paliies to form a J oint Committe for .the purposes aforesai d and for the purposes h reinaftcr .appearing OW IT I HEREBY AGREED A- FOLLOvVS :r. A J oint Committee to be called " the

Regional Planning ommittec " shall be constituted by ;:md function on behalf of the contracting palii (herei nafter referred to a " the Committee " ) in the preparation

Name of Committee lo be fill ·d in


PPE~DIX-conti11ued

r66

and adop ion in a or <Ul with th provision of th sai d \..ct of a Jt ·nt '•ht•m~.: for the , \" ral di trict r parts of such eli tri ts of tht> • ntra tin..- 1 arti -:~ a m ay at this dat' be pror crl y inc!udc l within tht> "Hi.' l nf .1 ~ ·henlt:' un ler t he said \.ct. Tht

.\oo<."'<'>lll<Diilnog: m ttlbn• lllliUilillbll>!it" 10>8" ITJ<J>C:.Ill! 'lllttlbrl)jjiilili1~

iillll tifht· \I!INt

;JJJJJ•Il ·lr>

~I

mmitt e _hall ·on_i t of hall b appointed by hall b appointed hv and

members of

wi!U IJ>,,

-~>l!<ltt<Jilbot \111/H"m

!llh1· <00JillUWl"lti~ IP~JtJI1ti;t,~

oons i u ion and ftm ti 11- of the ommittee are more ]pl.UJT1tiiiC:nnllarl~· " ou in th -chednle h r to and as . uch shall have ltlfli~r,. t .und bt>come biudino on the ontra ting partie .

3i·

it.'

+ nne 'OU ra in'"' partie on the reque t of the Committee sb;11]l without tmdue delay P< -- uch Re olution or Re elutions a .may !X' ne~.:: -ary o enable the ommittee to properly ftmction and in p:t i ·ular "ill perlmm the dutie and fulf11 the requirement impo.:: d by Para~ph 3 of th ~lini hy of H ealth (Town Planning) I~e!!Ulation- . I92I. am·emino the promotion of Town Planning cheme . .). The contracting partie hall, except a herein e.xpres ly prmided. ontinue a heretofore to xerci e their function as local a uthoriti under th Town Planning ct 1925, in their respecti\'C are , and may permit the deYelopment of e tates and building operation to proceed in uch areas pending the preparation and appro,-al of the J oint cheme (a provided by Clan e I (a) of t he . hedu] hereto), and for that purpose hall comply with the l\II"ni try of H ealth Town Planning (General Int rim Development) Order, 1 922, dat d 12th ugu t. 1922 or any Order sub tituted therefor or am ndment thereof. but th contracting parti s in permitting developm nt as afo re aid, hall ha\'e regard to _ecuring compliance ·with any pr liminary propo aL agreed to from time to time by the ommitte and a contracting party dir ctly affected thereby. 6. \\l1ere a contracting pmiy ha already approved of a preliminary ·tatem nt or draft Town I Imming ch me the ommittee hall embody u h tat ment or draft _cheme in the , cheme to be prepared in a ordanc with lau e I h r of and hall not var_5 or alter such stat ment withoui. the con ent of the cont rac"i:ing party conce rned or the :\[ini try of Health.


:\PPE , l H:\ -

7· Pri or to any pr•liminary statcm nt or draft s ·h nw bC'ing llcpo ited for inspection or final approYal by the ommittc with a vi w to tran mission to the Jlinistry of H alth for approval the ~ommitte sh all nbmit the same to each oi the ontracting pari.ir>s but without prejudice to the rights of iiP ontracting parties unde r lau es 9 and ro of this Agre ment . ommiH •e . A draft scheme as pr par d and appro,· d by th shall conform with the r quirements of seclion 5 ub-s ction 2 (b) oi th said Act by providing t hat the oun il of each contracting pa1 ty shall withiJ1 its respective ar a be th · anthority responsible for enforc ing the observance of the scheme and for th xccution of any works, which, under the schem or th said Act, ar' to b x cuicd by a local authority, and no provision shall be included in any draft scheme u bmitted to the lV[ini stry of H 'ali h for approval imposing in any vvay any fmancial obligation upon a cont racting p~uiy in connection with any matter or thing required by th scheme to be clone or enfo rc d outside the area c.f a ontracting p<uiy xc pt with the consent of the contracting party financially affect d. Provided always that all or any of t he contracting parties shall b, at libe rty to agree and provide by the s heme that for any of th purposes of i.he cheme the responsible auth01ity may be one of the ontracting parti ·s or for certain purpo es of the scheme one contracting party and for certain purpose another contracting party or a joinl body consi. ii.ui. · l specially for t he purpose by the schem , and all nee ssary provisions shall be m ade by the scheme for constituting 1he joint body and giving them the necessary po,Yers and duties. 9· A contracting pa1iy may appeal against a decision of th Committee in respect of any matter directly affecting it parti ular area to the Acl,·isory Committee and the d cision on any such appeal shall be accepted for the tune being by the contracting party withoul prejudice to the provi ions of Clause ro hereof. ro. A contracting party disapproving of a preliminary statement or draft scheme or any part or parts ther of as appro\'ed by the Committee m ay appear in opposition or make any representation with regcu·d thereto at any local inquiry held by the j[inistry of Health with respect to the same. The contracting parties hall continue their a sociation through and by the Committee with the Advisory ommitt e a!'- at present constituted or und r ~my sub. eq uen t amendment to i.he II.

COIItiiiiiCd


:\ p pEND I. ,

COIIIill ii Cd

r6 路onstilul ion or such n~ con tit tt tion of an Ad\'i ory Committee as may be fo und to b n c a r or desirable and approved of by the local a uthori t ies or a majority of the same constituting the sai d Ad \'i ory om mitt ' . rz. fter th expiration of a p riod of two year :from t h igning of this grecmcnt but befo r any draft ch me i ubmittecl by the ommittc to the 1viinistry of Health for approval hould uch occ ur before the expiration of a p riod of two year as afor . et icl any conlracting party may a t any tim on giving six cal nclat m onths pt cYious n t i e in wri ting to t h l rk or ecretary to the Conu11ittee withdraw from assoc iation wit h the ommtttee, but any such vvilhdrawal hall not prej udice the t 1ms of thi agrecmr nt as aff'cting th remaining cont ract ing parti her t . T!I E

C HEDUl E HEREI:-<BEFORE HEFERR IW

r. The functions of th

TO.

Committee shall be :-

(a) To proceed with t he preparation o'f c>. Town Planning Scheme

for the area indi cate l on th plan or mar attac h cl to this _ greement, or uch ar a or part or parts thereof a the l\lini try o'f H ealth indicate may properly be included within the area of a chem promoted under the aid ct ; and (b)

ubj ect to the provi ion of .lanse 5 hereof to perform a ll the duti es and fulfil all th r qnirements impo eel upon a local a uthority by the Ministry of Health (Town Planning) Regulations, r gzr, or any sub equent amendments or additions to the same with the exception of the dutie and r q tli rement pe .ified in paragraph 3 of such regulation as 1 ro,ridecl by lause 4 of thi Agreement.

2. The ommittee may co-op rat e with any other body whose functions may be simila r to all or any of the ftmctions of the Committee .

3路 ny contracting party may in truct any of its officials (not exc eding t\\'o) to attend the meeting of the Committee but such attendance shall be in an advisory capacity only and without voting power .

+

l\Icmber hip of the ommitt under Clau e 2 of thi Agreement shall be dependent on member of the Committee continuing as m mb 路 r路 f th ouncil of the rc pective contracting parties .


APl E'\DTX-co11tinued

5· The representatives of the contracting parties hall continu as members of the Committee until vari d by th re pective contracting parties. 6. The Committee shall appoint a hairman and a Deputyhairman and the hairman or in hi ab ence the D puty- hairman : hall preside at all meeting of the ommitt e. In the ab n c from any m eting of bot h the hainnan and the Deputy- hairman a Chairman shall be elected to pre ide at . u h meeting. 7· The Committee ma_ from time to tim appomt out of it own body, or otherwi e, such ub-Committee , con i ting of uch number of persons a it thinks fit for any purpo e which in the opinion of the Committee could be better dealt \\;th by a ub- ommittce . The Chainnan and Deput:-; -Chairman of the ommittee hall be ex-officio member of all ub-Committee . The minute of the proceeding of all ub-Conunittee hall be ubmitted to the Committee for approval and no action or proceeding on any minute of a ub- ommitt ·e involving a que t ion of principle hall be taken until uch minut has been app roved . 8. The Committee may appoint and remunerate and determine the en·ice of uch officer and . erYant as it may from time to time deem nece ary . 9· "Cnle s othen,-i_e determined m eting- of the ommittee hall be held n ot le t han four time in each year -uch four meeting- being held re pectively in the months of )larch. JunP, cptember. and December. ro. The Committ!'!e.

hai1man may at any time call a pecial meeting of the

rr. The Chairman hall call a pecial meeting of the Committee within e,·en day of the receipt by him of a requi ition for that purpo e igned by at least three member of the Committee and setting forth the nature of the matter requiring con ideratiori. The notice ummonina any pecial meeting hall ha,·e tated hereon the matter to be con idered at uch pecial meeting. In the c\·ent of a temporary vacancy occurring in the office of Chairman the power and dutie of the Chairman w1der thi Clau_e hall be c. ·erci_ed by the per on acting as Clerk or cretan· to the Committee.


APPJ:. l [) [X - routhmed

170

quonun hall consi t of ommitt e cligibl to vot . 12.

m mber

of the

13. During su h time a the work undertaken under Clanse r ch dnl i b ing a rri d out ach of th contracting parties shall contribut p r a nnum to the expen of the Committee uch sum n.s shall b quival ent to but not more than the produ t of o·[ a penny rate on the as e sable value for sanita ry purpo e of ea h of uch contracting p arty' area 0 1 porli on lhereof ( uch Yalu in th ca of a portion of su ch a r a of a ontracting party being r ckoned in it r lation to the whole of the a r a of th contracting party and payable in respect of suc,h p ortion only) and the Committee may incur expenditure up to th total of uch ontributions in connection with the exerci. e of it fun t ion s pro,·id d always that with the con ent of the contracting pmii th ommitt e may if considered necessary vary the amonnt o{ ontribution in a c01·dance with an e timate of the amount of xp nditur likel • to be incurred in any part icular yea r.

oi this

q. Each fi nancial year of the Committee shall commence on the rst day of pril and terminate on the 31 t day of March and an estimat of the .ommittee s xpenditnre during each ucc eding year hall be fot\\·arded to the T own Clerks or lerks of the respecti. ve contracting parties.

rs. The ommittee hall prep are annu ally a rep01i as to its work dming the pr ceding twelYe month and tatement of expenditure and copi . of such report and statement hall be ent to the T own lerks or l rk of the respective ontracting partie for circul ation t o th whole of th m mber of the Coru1cils of the contracting pmiies. r6. The ommittce m ay from t ime to tim make standing orders for the regulat ion f th ir proceedings and bu ine s and may at any tim - vary or revoke the same . In Witncs

c'c.

' C.


.H. . U .

REFERE!VCE

Reproduced from the Ordnance Surue~路 Map, with tile 8al!.:il路;,, of the Controller of H.M. Station ery Offi~e.

Report upon the Regional Scheme 1926  

Report upon the Regional Scheme 1926 This report was originally published in 1926 and written by Reginald Bruce and the Manchester and Dist...

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